Period
to 19 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 19 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 170 151 138
Rank change year-on-year -19 -13 +63
Permanent jobs citing VPN 211 208 274
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.92% 2.04% 2.20%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 13.55% 13.09% 14.26%
Number of salaries quoted 198 174 228
City of London median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% - -
10th Percentile £31,775 £28,000 £29,925
90th Percentile £77,875 £76,750 £70,250
Central London median annual salary £52,500 £48,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +8.25% +2.11% -1.04%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 1,557 1,589 1,922
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 14.15% 15.56% 15.45%
Number of salaries quoted 1,375 1,425 1,690
City of London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,886 £31,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
Central London median annual salary £55,500 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +5.71% - +5.00%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing VPN in the City of London.

Salary trend for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing VPN in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 September 2018.

Salary histogram for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 3 £50,000 -
VPN
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 September 2018, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 128 (60.66%) Firewall
2 123 (58.29%) Windows
3 107 (50.71%) Microsoft
4 95 (45.02%) Cisco
5 92 (43.60%) Active Directory
6 90 (42.65%) WAN
7 79 (37.44%) DNS
8 73 (34.60%) Office 365
9 72 (34.12%) Microsoft Azure
10 70 (33.18%) LAN
11 69 (32.70%) Citrix
12 68 (32.23%) PowerShell
13 65 (30.81%) Finance
14 64 (30.33%) VMware
15 59 (27.96%) VMware Infrastructure
16 57 (27.01%) ITIL
17 54 (25.59%) MS Exchange
18 52 (24.64%) Windows Server
19 51 (24.17%) Linux
19 51 (24.17%) Amazon AWS
20 49 (23.22%) Cisco Nexus
20 49 (23.22%) TCP/IP
21 48 (22.75%) Cisco Certification
22 47 (22.27%) MPLS
23 45 (21.33%) F5
24 44 (20.85%) Windows Server 2012
24 44 (20.85%) CCNP
25 43 (20.38%) DHCP
25 43 (20.38%) Microsoft Office
26 42 (19.91%) CheckPoint

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (25.59%) MS Exchange
2 22 (10.43%) SharePoint
3 21 (9.95%) Skype for Business
4 19 (9.00%) Exchange Server 2010
5 16 (7.58%) Exchange Server 2013
6 7 (3.32%) Apache
6 7 (3.32%) IIS
7 6 (2.84%) OpenStack
8 4 (1.90%) nginx
9 3 (1.42%) Apache Solr
9 3 (1.42%) CMS
9 3 (1.42%) JBoss
9 3 (1.42%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.95%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
11 1 (0.47%) Confluence
11 1 (0.47%) Elasticsearch
11 1 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2007
11 1 (0.47%) IBM Domino
11 1 (0.47%) IBM Notes
11 1 (0.47%) WebSphere
Applications
1 43 (20.38%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (4.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (4.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 7 (3.32%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (4.74%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (1.42%) Elite 3E
Cloud Services
1 73 (34.60%) Office 365
2 72 (34.12%) Microsoft Azure
3 51 (24.17%) Amazon AWS
4 20 (9.48%) Azure Active Directory
5 15 (7.11%) G Suite
6 13 (6.16%) IaaS
7 10 (4.74%) Slack
8 8 (3.79%) Mimecast
8 8 (3.79%) OneDrive
8 8 (3.79%) PaaS
9 7 (3.32%) Amazon EC2
10 6 (2.84%) Google Cloud Platform
11 5 (2.37%) SaaS
12 4 (1.90%) Amazon S3
12 4 (1.90%) Cloud Computing
13 2 (0.95%) IBM Cloud
13 2 (0.95%) OpenShift
13 2 (0.95%) SoftLayer
14 1 (0.47%) AWS CloudFormation
14 1 (0.47%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 128 (60.66%) Firewall
2 90 (42.65%) WAN
3 79 (37.44%) DNS
4 70 (33.18%) LAN
5 49 (23.22%) Cisco Nexus
5 49 (23.22%) TCP/IP
6 47 (22.27%) MPLS
7 43 (20.38%) DHCP
8 42 (19.91%) Cisco ASA
9 39 (18.48%) Network Security
9 39 (18.48%) VLAN
10 38 (18.01%) Wireless
11 37 (17.54%) BGP
12 31 (14.69%) NetScaler
12 31 (14.69%) VoIP
12 31 (14.69%) WLAN
13 30 (14.22%) Cisco IOS
14 27 (12.80%) OSPF
14 27 (12.80%) SAN
15 26 (12.32%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (10.90%) SQL Server
2 11 (5.21%) MySQL
3 6 (2.84%) Amazon RDS
4 4 (1.90%) Apache Cassandra
4 4 (1.90%) Azure SQL Database
5 3 (1.42%) Apache Hive
5 3 (1.42%) HBase
5 3 (1.42%) MariaDB
5 3 (1.42%) Scylla
6 2 (0.95%) Big Data
6 2 (0.95%) MongoDB
6 2 (0.95%) Relational Database
7 1 (0.47%) Data Warehouse
7 1 (0.47%) DB2
7 1 (0.47%) Hadoop
7 1 (0.47%) Oracle Database
7 1 (0.47%) Redis
7 1 (0.47%) SQL Server 2008
7 1 (0.47%) SQL Server 2012
7 1 (0.47%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 12 (5.69%) Sonatype Nexus
2 5 (2.37%) CircleCI
3 4 (1.90%) Jenkins
4 3 (1.42%) Hudson
4 3 (1.42%) VSS/SourceSafe
5 2 (0.95%) Git (software)
5 2 (0.95%) JIRA
6 1 (0.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 1 (0.47%) Visual Studio
General
1 65 (30.81%) Finance
2 15 (7.11%) Legal
3 11 (5.21%) Law
4 10 (4.74%) Banking
4 10 (4.74%) Telecoms
5 6 (2.84%) Advertising
6 4 (1.90%) Marketing
7 3 (1.42%) Financial Institution
7 3 (1.42%) Pharmaceutical
8 2 (0.95%) Mandarin Language
8 2 (0.95%) Spanish Language
9 1 (0.47%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 41 (19.43%) Analyst
1 41 (19.43%) Network Engineer
2 24 (11.37%) Support Engineer
3 21 (9.95%) Network Security Specialist
3 21 (9.95%) Network Specialist
3 21 (9.95%) Security Specialist
4 17 (8.06%) Desktop Support
4 17 (8.06%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 17 (8.06%) Support Analyst
5 16 (7.58%) Infrastructure Specialist
6 15 (7.11%) Senior Network Engineer
7 14 (6.64%) IT Engineer
8 13 (6.16%) Security Engineer
9 12 (5.69%) Consultant
9 12 (5.69%) Desktop Analyst
9 12 (5.69%) Desktop Support Analyst
9 12 (5.69%) IT Support
10 11 (5.21%) Administrator
10 11 (5.21%) Exchange Consultant
10 11 (5.21%) Network Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9 (4.27%) LDAP
2 8 (3.79%) JSON
3 6 (2.84%) Middleware
4 5 (2.37%) .NET
5 4 (1.90%) 802.1X
5 4 (1.90%) Elastic Stack
5 4 (1.90%) HTML
5 4 (1.90%) Kafka
5 4 (1.90%) LAMP
5 4 (1.90%) XML
6 3 (1.42%) Node.js
6 3 (1.42%) REST
6 3 (1.42%) Web Services
7 2 (0.95%) LEMP Stack
8 1 (0.47%) AngularJS
8 1 (0.47%) Electron Framework
8 1 (0.47%) WebSphere MQ
8 1 (0.47%) XMPP
8 1 (0.47%) ZeroMQ
Miscellaneous
1 39 (18.48%) Data Centre
2 30 (14.22%) Analytical Skills
3 18 (8.53%) Management Information System
4 17 (8.06%) Computer Science
5 16 (7.58%) Video Conferencing
6 9 (4.27%) Self-Motivation
7 8 (3.79%) Enterprise Cloud
7 8 (3.79%) Fintech
7 8 (3.79%) Public Cloud
8 6 (2.84%) iPhone
9 5 (2.37%) Clustering
9 5 (2.37%) Smartphone
10 4 (1.90%) BYOD
10 4 (1.90%) IVR
11 3 (1.42%) Hedge funds
11 3 (1.42%) HP StoreVirtual
11 3 (1.42%) PKI
11 3 (1.42%) RSA SecurID
12 2 (0.95%) Algorithms
12 2 (0.95%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 123 (58.29%) Windows
2 52 (24.64%) Windows Server
3 51 (24.17%) Linux
4 44 (20.85%) Windows Server 2012
5 41 (19.43%) Windows 7
6 40 (18.96%) Windows 10
7 30 (14.22%) Windows Server 2008
8 18 (8.53%) Android
9 15 (7.11%) Mac OS X
10 7 (3.32%) Windows 8
11 6 (2.84%) Mac OS
12 5 (2.37%) CentOS
12 5 (2.37%) Unix
13 4 (1.90%) Apple iOS
13 4 (1.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 2 (0.95%) Solaris
15 1 (0.47%) HPUX
15 1 (0.47%) MVS
15 1 (0.47%) VyOS
15 1 (0.47%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 57 (27.01%) ITIL
2 37 (17.54%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 28 (13.27%) Problem-Solving
4 26 (12.32%) DevOps
5 23 (10.90%) Server Virtualisation
6 19 (9.00%) Agile Software Development
6 19 (9.00%) Problem Management
7 18 (8.53%) Multi-Factor Authentication
8 17 (8.06%) Cybersecurity
8 17 (8.06%) Disaster Recovery
9 16 (7.58%) ITSM
9 16 (7.58%) Kalman Filter
9 16 (7.58%) Load Balancing
10 15 (7.11%) Information Security
10 15 (7.11%) Service Management
11 14 (6.64%) Migration
11 14 (6.64%) Mobile Device Management
11 14 (6.64%) Project Management
12 13 (6.16%) API Integration
12 13 (6.16%) Network Architecture
Programming Languages
1 68 (32.23%) PowerShell
2 34 (16.11%) SQL
3 33 (15.64%) Python
4 14 (6.64%) Bash Shell
4 14 (6.64%) C#
5 12 (5.69%) PHP
6 10 (4.74%) Java
7 9 (4.27%) Perl
8 5 (2.37%) JavaScript
9 4 (1.90%) C++
10 3 (1.42%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 48 (22.75%) Cisco Certification
2 44 (20.85%) CCNP
3 27 (12.80%) CCIE
3 27 (12.80%) Microsoft Certification
4 22 (10.43%) Degree
5 21 (9.95%) MCSE
6 18 (8.53%) MCSA
7 16 (7.58%) Computer Science Degree
8 11 (5.21%) CCNA
8 11 (5.21%) MCITP
8 11 (5.21%) MCTS
9 6 (2.84%) CCSP
10 5 (2.37%) AWS Certification
11 4 (1.90%) CCVP
11 4 (1.90%) MCP
12 3 (1.42%) A+ Certification
13 2 (0.95%) CCSA
13 2 (0.95%) CCSE
14 1 (0.47%) MOS
14 1 (0.47%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (8.06%) SLA
2 7 (3.32%) GDPR
3 5 (2.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.47%) COBIT
4 1 (0.47%) ISO 22301
4 1 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 1 (0.47%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 92 (43.60%) Active Directory
2 59 (27.96%) VMware Infrastructure
3 40 (18.96%) Hyper-V
4 17 (8.06%) Virtual Desktop
5 15 (7.11%) XenApp
6 12 (5.69%) Virtual Machines
7 11 (5.21%) XenDesktop
8 10 (4.74%) Docker
9 5 (2.37%) XenServer
10 4 (1.90%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 4 (1.90%) Virtual Servers
10 4 (1.90%) vSphere
11 3 (1.42%) DFS Replication
11 3 (1.42%) HDFS
11 3 (1.42%) VirtualBox
11 3 (1.42%) VMware ESXi
11 3 (1.42%) VMware Workstation
12 2 (0.95%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 2 (0.95%) RHEV
13 1 (0.47%) KVM
Systems Management
1 29 (13.74%) SCCM
2 19 (9.00%) Puppet
3 16 (7.58%) Ansible
3 16 (7.58%) Single Sign-On
4 15 (7.11%) Kubernetes
5 12 (5.69%) Terraform
5 12 (5.69%) WSUS
6 10 (4.74%) Norton AntiVirus
7 9 (4.27%) Backup Exec
7 9 (4.27%) Nagios
7 9 (4.27%) Opscode Chef
8 8 (3.79%) FortiGate
9 7 (3.32%) Microsoft Intune
10 5 (2.37%) Jamf Pro
11 4 (1.90%) Cisco Prime
11 4 (1.90%) Salt
11 4 (1.90%) SCOM
12 3 (1.42%) Grafana
12 3 (1.42%) Oozie
12 3 (1.42%) Stealthwatch
Vendors
1 107 (50.71%) Microsoft
2 95 (45.02%) Cisco
3 69 (32.70%) Citrix
4 64 (30.33%) VMware
5 45 (21.33%) F5
6 42 (19.91%) CheckPoint
7 35 (16.59%) Juniper
8 29 (13.74%) Google
9 20 (9.48%) Apple
10 19 (9.00%) Palo Alto
11 18 (8.53%) HP
12 17 (8.06%) ServiceNow
13 12 (5.69%) Oracle
14 11 (5.21%) Avaya
14 11 (5.21%) Meraki
15 10 (4.74%) Arista
15 10 (4.74%) Blue Coat
15 10 (4.74%) Imperva
15 10 (4.74%) Infoblox
15 10 (4.74%) Zscaler