Period
to 20 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 20 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 205 173 161
Rank change year-on-year -32 -12 -30
Permanent jobs citing VPN 123 198 196
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.21% 1.81% 1.93%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.44% 12.30% 12.41%
Number of salaries quoted 114 184 163
City of London median annual salary £47,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -9.52% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £26,500 £33,775 £28,100
90th Percentile £78,750 £80,500 £75,000
Central London median annual salary £48,500 £52,500 £48,000
% change year-on-year -7.62% +9.38% +1.05%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 1,303 1,610 1,580
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 12.86% 14.73% 15.56%
Number of salaries quoted 1,170 1,425 1,419
City of London median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £53,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +7.48% -2.73%
10th Percentile £28,250 £31,250 £28,950
90th Percentile £87,500 £83,750 £80,000
Central London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,500
% change year-on-year - +8.91% -3.81%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing VPN in the City of London.

Salary trend for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing VPN in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Salary histogram for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the City of London region over the 6 months to 20 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -8 2 £34,750 -30.50%
VPN
Central London

For the 6 months to 20 August 2019, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 71 (57.72%) Windows
2 56 (45.53%) WAN
2 56 (45.53%) Microsoft
2 56 (45.53%) Active Directory
3 54 (43.90%) Firewall
4 49 (39.84%) Office 365
5 46 (37.40%) Windows Server
5 46 (37.40%) LAN
6 39 (31.71%) Microsoft Office
7 37 (30.08%) Cisco
7 37 (30.08%) DNS
8 32 (26.02%) ITIL
8 32 (26.02%) Amazon AWS
9 31 (25.20%) Degree
10 30 (24.39%) Microsoft Azure
11 28 (22.76%) DHCP
12 25 (20.33%) Finance
12 25 (20.33%) VMware
13 23 (18.70%) Wireless
13 23 (18.70%) Windows 10
14 21 (17.07%) DevOps
14 21 (17.07%) Windows Server 2012
15 20 (16.26%) Skype for Business
15 20 (16.26%) Windows 7
15 20 (16.26%) Skype
15 20 (16.26%) Python
15 20 (16.26%) MS Exchange
16 19 (15.45%) TCP/IP
16 19 (15.45%) Law
16 19 (15.45%) MPLS

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (16.26%) MS Exchange
1 20 (16.26%) Skype for Business
2 11 (8.94%) Exchange Server 2013
3 6 (4.88%) CMS
3 6 (4.88%) SharePoint
4 4 (3.25%) Alfresco
4 4 (3.25%) Apache
4 4 (3.25%) Exchange Server 2003
4 4 (3.25%) IBM Domino
4 4 (3.25%) IBM Notes
4 4 (3.25%) Tomcat
5 1 (0.81%) Confluence
5 1 (0.81%) IIS
5 1 (0.81%) nginx
5 1 (0.81%) WebSphere
Applications
1 39 (31.71%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (6.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (6.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (4.07%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.81%) Acrobat
4 1 (0.81%) AutoCAD
4 1 (0.81%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.81%) Revit
Business Applications
1 1 (0.81%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (0.81%) Elite 3E
Cloud Services
1 49 (39.84%) Office 365
2 32 (26.02%) Amazon AWS
3 30 (24.39%) Microsoft Azure
4 12 (9.76%) SaaS
5 11 (8.94%) IaaS
6 10 (8.13%) PaaS
7 8 (6.50%) Google Cloud Platform
8 5 (4.07%) OneDrive
9 4 (3.25%) AWS CloudFormation
9 4 (3.25%) AWS Lambda
9 4 (3.25%) Azure Active Directory
9 4 (3.25%) Power Platform
9 4 (3.25%) Serverless
10 2 (1.63%) Mimecast
10 2 (1.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 1 (0.81%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 1 (0.81%) Amazon EC2
11 1 (0.81%) AWS CloudTrail
11 1 (0.81%) OpenDNS
11 1 (0.81%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 56 (45.53%) WAN
2 54 (43.90%) Firewall
3 46 (37.40%) LAN
4 37 (30.08%) DNS
5 28 (22.76%) DHCP
6 23 (18.70%) Wireless
7 20 (16.26%) Skype
8 19 (15.45%) MPLS
8 19 (15.45%) TCP/IP
9 18 (14.63%) Internet
10 15 (12.20%) VoIP
11 14 (11.38%) Cisco ASA
11 14 (11.38%) SAN
12 13 (10.57%) Network Security
13 12 (9.76%) BGP
13 12 (9.76%) OSPF
14 10 (8.13%) Cisco IOS
14 10 (8.13%) Intrusion Detection
14 10 (8.13%) Remote Desktop
14 10 (8.13%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6 (4.88%) SQL Server
2 4 (3.25%) Power BI
3 3 (2.44%) MySQL
4 2 (1.63%) Amazon RDS
4 2 (1.63%) Big Data
4 2 (1.63%) PostgreSQL
5 1 (0.81%) Azure SQL Database
5 1 (0.81%) NoSQL
5 1 (0.81%) Redis
5 1 (0.81%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 4 (3.25%) Git (software)
1 4 (3.25%) Jenkins
2 3 (2.44%) JIRA
General
1 25 (20.33%) Finance
2 19 (15.45%) Law
3 18 (14.63%) Telecoms
4 8 (6.50%) Banking
5 5 (4.07%) Marketing
6 4 (3.25%) Legal
7 3 (2.44%) Financial Institution
7 3 (2.44%) Retail
8 1 (0.81%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 25 (20.33%) Analyst
2 20 (16.26%) Network Engineer
3 18 (14.63%) IT Support
4 16 (13.01%) DevOps Engineer
5 14 (11.38%) Security Engineer
6 12 (9.76%) 2nd Line Support
6 12 (9.76%) Support Analyst
7 9 (7.32%) Senior DevOps
8 8 (6.50%) Cloud Engineer
8 8 (6.50%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 8 (6.50%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 7 (5.69%) Desktop Support
9 7 (5.69%) Information Security Engineer
10 6 (4.88%) Administrator
10 6 (4.88%) Cisco Engineer
10 6 (4.88%) Infrastructure Manager
10 6 (4.88%) Network Security Engineer
10 6 (4.88%) Senior Infrastructure Engineer
10 6 (4.88%) Senior Network Engineer
10 6 (4.88%) Senior Telecoms Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6 (4.88%) Web Services
2 4 (3.25%) Software Packaging
3 3 (2.44%) LAMP
4 2 (1.63%) Elastic Stack
4 2 (1.63%) REST
4 2 (1.63%) SAML
5 1 (0.81%) .NET
5 1 (0.81%) 802.1X
5 1 (0.81%) Celery
5 1 (0.81%) Django
5 1 (0.81%) FIX Protocol
5 1 (0.81%) LDAP
5 1 (0.81%) libvirt
5 1 (0.81%) PostGIS
5 1 (0.81%) RabbitMQ
5 1 (0.81%) WebSphere MQ
5 1 (0.81%) XML
5 1 (0.81%) XML Messaging
Miscellaneous
1 15 (12.20%) Analytical Skills
2 13 (10.57%) Self-Motivation
3 9 (7.32%) Data Centre
4 8 (6.50%) Security Operations Centre
5 6 (4.88%) iPhone
5 6 (4.88%) Management Information System
5 6 (4.88%) Video Conferencing
6 4 (3.25%) Greenfield Project
6 4 (3.25%) iPad
6 4 (3.25%) Smartphone
7 3 (2.44%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 3 (2.44%) Video\Live Streaming
8 2 (1.63%) Blackberry
8 2 (1.63%) Clustering
8 2 (1.63%) Derivative
8 2 (1.63%) Hybrid Cloud
8 2 (1.63%) Microsoft Licensing
8 2 (1.63%) PKI
8 2 (1.63%) Public Cloud
8 2 (1.63%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 71 (57.72%) Windows
2 46 (37.40%) Windows Server
3 23 (18.70%) Windows 10
4 21 (17.07%) Windows Server 2012
5 20 (16.26%) Windows 7
6 16 (13.01%) Windows Server 2008
7 14 (11.38%) Linux
8 12 (9.76%) Android
9 9 (7.32%) Windows Server 2003
10 4 (3.25%) Mac OS X
11 3 (2.44%) Apple iOS
11 3 (2.44%) Windows Vista
12 2 (1.63%) CentOS
12 2 (1.63%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.81%) Ubuntu
13 1 (0.81%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 32 (26.02%) ITIL
2 21 (17.07%) DevOps
3 19 (15.45%) Problem-Solving
4 17 (13.82%) Service Delivery
5 14 (11.38%) Kalman Filter
6 13 (10.57%) Change Management
6 13 (10.57%) Information Security
7 12 (9.76%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 11 (8.94%) IT Strategy
8 11 (8.94%) Network Monitoring
9 10 (8.13%) Patch Management
10 9 (7.32%) Antivirus Management
10 9 (7.32%) Hardware Maintenance
10 9 (7.32%) Preventative Maintenance
10 9 (7.32%) Problem Management
11 8 (6.50%) Enterprise Architecture
11 8 (6.50%) Security Operations
12 7 (5.69%) Infrastructure Management
12 7 (5.69%) Load Balancing
12 7 (5.69%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 20 (16.26%) Python
2 19 (15.45%) PowerShell
3 14 (11.38%) Bash Shell
4 6 (4.88%) SQL
5 4 (3.25%) Go
5 4 (3.25%) Java
5 4 (3.25%) Kotlin
6 2 (1.63%) C
7 1 (0.81%) JavaScript
7 1 (0.81%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 31 (25.20%) Degree
2 17 (13.82%) Cisco Certification
3 16 (13.01%) CCNP
4 11 (8.94%) Microsoft Certification
5 9 (7.32%) CEH
5 9 (7.32%) CISSP
5 9 (7.32%) SANS
6 7 (5.69%) CCNA
7 6 (4.88%) AWS Certification
7 6 (4.88%) CCIE
7 6 (4.88%) Computer Science Degree
7 6 (4.88%) GREM
7 6 (4.88%) Master's Degree
8 5 (4.07%) CCIE Security
8 5 (4.07%) Security Cleared
9 4 (3.25%) DV Cleared
9 4 (3.25%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 4 (3.25%) MCP
9 4 (3.25%) MCSA
9 4 (3.25%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (8.13%) SLA
2 4 (3.25%) GDPR
2 4 (3.25%) QA
3 3 (2.44%) COBIT
4 2 (1.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.81%) ISO 15022
5 1 (0.81%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.81%) NIST
5 1 (0.81%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 56 (45.53%) Active Directory
2 15 (12.20%) VMware Infrastructure
3 13 (10.57%) Hyper-V
4 9 (7.32%) Docker
5 4 (3.25%) VMware ESXi
6 2 (1.63%) vSphere
6 2 (1.63%) Xen
6 2 (1.63%) XenApp
7 1 (0.81%) BitLocker
7 1 (0.81%) Firmware
7 1 (0.81%) KVM
7 1 (0.81%) oVirt
7 1 (0.81%) QEMU
7 1 (0.81%) RHEV
7 1 (0.81%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.81%) VMware Workstation
7 1 (0.81%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 14 (11.38%) Ansible
2 12 (9.76%) SCCM
3 10 (8.13%) Kubernetes
4 9 (7.32%) Norton AntiVirus
5 8 (6.50%) Terraform
6 7 (5.69%) Backup Exec
7 5 (4.07%) Packer
8 4 (3.25%) PaperCut
9 3 (2.44%) WSUS
10 2 (1.63%) AirWatch
10 2 (1.63%) Cisco CUCM
10 2 (1.63%) Grafana
10 2 (1.63%) Microsoft Intune
10 2 (1.63%) Nagios
10 2 (1.63%) Opscode Chef
10 2 (1.63%) Puppet
10 2 (1.63%) ZABBIX
11 1 (0.81%) Microsoft Clustering
11 1 (0.81%) QRadar
11 1 (0.81%) WhatsUp Gold
Vendors
1 56 (45.53%) Microsoft
2 37 (30.08%) Cisco
3 25 (20.33%) VMware
4 17 (13.82%) Citrix
5 12 (9.76%) Juniper
6 10 (8.13%) Google
7 9 (7.32%) Avaya
7 9 (7.32%) F5
7 9 (7.32%) Symantec
8 8 (6.50%) CheckPoint
9 6 (4.88%) Veritas
10 4 (3.25%) Altiris
10 4 (3.25%) Lotus
10 4 (3.25%) Sophos
10 4 (3.25%) Veeam
11 3 (2.44%) Apple
11 3 (2.44%) Dell
11 3 (2.44%) Palo Alto
11 3 (2.44%) ServiceNow
12 2 (1.63%) HP