Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 166 149 198
Rank change year-on-year -17 +49 -41
Permanent jobs citing VPN 180 232 258
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.77% 1.98% 1.49%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 12.06% 12.95% 10.37%
Number of salaries quoted 145 199 216
City of London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,250
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.82% +0.53%
10th Percentile £31,250 £27,500 £26,750
90th Percentile £80,000 £70,450 £75,000
Central London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +1.06% +2.17%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 1492 1791 2487
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 14.66% 15.31% 14.38%
Number of salaries quoted 1333 1571 2133
City of London median annual salary £53,250 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.18% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,783 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £78,750 £79,750
Central London median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing VPN in the City of London.

Salary trend for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing VPN in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Salary histogram for VPN in the City of London

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 95 (52.78%) Microsoft
1 95 (52.78%) Firewall
2 85 (47.22%) WAN
3 78 (43.33%) Active Directory
4 76 (42.22%) Cisco
5 67 (37.22%) DNS
6 63 (35.00%) DHCP
6 63 (35.00%) Windows
7 55 (30.56%) LAN
8 53 (29.44%) Citrix
9 52 (28.89%) Microsoft Azure
10 50 (27.78%) VMware
11 46 (25.56%) MPLS
12 45 (25.00%) Finance
13 41 (22.78%) Cisco Certification
13 41 (22.78%) ITIL
14 40 (22.22%) BGP
15 39 (21.67%) MS Exchange
16 37 (20.56%) OSPF
16 37 (20.56%) Wireless
17 36 (20.00%) Java
17 36 (20.00%) DevOps
18 34 (18.89%) SQL Server
18 34 (18.89%) TCP/IP
19 33 (18.33%) Agile Software Development
20 32 (17.78%) CheckPoint
20 32 (17.78%) Office 365
20 32 (17.78%) Palo Alto
20 32 (17.78%) VLAN
21 31 (17.22%) PaaS

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (21.67%) MS Exchange
2 28 (15.56%) Confluence
3 27 (15.00%) Exchange Server 2010
4 14 (7.78%) Exchange Server 2013
5 11 (6.11%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
5 11 (6.11%) Exchange Server 2007
6 10 (5.56%) SharePoint
6 10 (5.56%) Skype for Business
7 8 (4.44%) IIS
8 3 (1.67%) SharePoint 2013
9 2 (1.11%) Exchange Server 2003
10 1 (0.56%) Apache
10 1 (0.56%) IBM Notes
10 1 (0.56%) nginx
10 1 (0.56%) OpenStack
10 1 (0.56%) Tomcat
Applications
1 31 (17.22%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (3.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (3.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (1.67%) Acrobat
4 2 (1.11%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.56%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (1.67%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 52 (28.89%) Microsoft Azure
2 32 (17.78%) Office 365
3 31 (17.22%) IaaS
3 31 (17.22%) PaaS
4 29 (16.11%) Azure Active Directory
5 20 (11.11%) Amazon AWS
6 4 (2.22%) SaaS
6 4 (2.22%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 1 (0.56%) Akamai
7 1 (0.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 1 (0.56%) AWS CloudFormation
7 1 (0.56%) Fastly
7 1 (0.56%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 95 (52.78%) Firewall
2 85 (47.22%) WAN
3 67 (37.22%) DNS
4 63 (35.00%) DHCP
5 55 (30.56%) LAN
6 46 (25.56%) MPLS
7 40 (22.22%) BGP
8 37 (20.56%) OSPF
8 37 (20.56%) Wireless
9 34 (18.89%) TCP/IP
10 32 (17.78%) VLAN
11 30 (16.67%) Cisco ASA
11 30 (16.67%) Cisco Nexus
12 27 (15.00%) Internet
13 26 (14.44%) Network Security
14 23 (12.78%) IPsec
15 22 (12.22%) DMZ
16 20 (11.11%) Cisco IOS
17 19 (10.56%) EIGRP
17 19 (10.56%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (18.89%) SQL Server
2 2 (1.11%) MongoDB
3 1 (0.56%) Big Data
3 1 (0.56%) Blockchain
3 1 (0.56%) MariaDB
3 1 (0.56%) MySQL
3 1 (0.56%) NoSQL
3 1 (0.56%) Redis
Development Applications
1 27 (15.00%) Atlassian Bamboo
1 27 (15.00%) Git (software)
1 27 (15.00%) JIRA
2 23 (12.78%) Octopus Deploy
3 3 (1.67%) VSS/SourceSafe
4 1 (0.56%) CircleCI
4 1 (0.56%) GitLab
4 1 (0.56%) Visual Studio
General
1 45 (25.00%) Finance
2 22 (12.22%) Banking
3 16 (8.89%) Financial Institution
3 16 (8.89%) Law
4 13 (7.22%) Legal
5 9 (5.00%) Telecoms
6 6 (3.33%) Dutch Language
6 6 (3.33%) French Language
6 6 (3.33%) Spanish Language
7 5 (2.78%) Investment Banking
8 4 (2.22%) Mandarin Language
9 2 (1.11%) Back Office
9 2 (1.11%) Publishing
10 1 (0.56%) Games
10 1 (0.56%) Retail
Job Titles
1 45 (25.00%) Analyst
2 43 (23.89%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 39 (21.67%) Network Engineer
4 26 (14.44%) Service Analyst
5 25 (13.89%) Cloud Engineer
5 25 (13.89%) Service Desk Analyst
6 24 (13.33%) Azure DevOps
7 23 (12.78%) Azure Engineer
7 23 (12.78%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
8 21 (11.67%) DevOps Engineer
9 20 (11.11%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 17 (9.44%) Cloud Specialist
10 17 (9.44%) DevOps Specialist
10 17 (9.44%) Infrastructure Specialist
11 14 (7.78%) Senior Network Engineer
12 12 (6.67%) Cisco Engineer
12 12 (6.67%) Cisco Network Engineer
13 10 (5.56%) 2nd Line Support
13 10 (5.56%) Architect
14 9 (5.00%) Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (15.00%) .NET
2 8 (4.44%) XMPP
3 7 (3.89%) Web Services
4 6 (3.33%) 802.1X
5 1 (0.56%) COM
5 1 (0.56%) CSS
5 1 (0.56%) JSON
5 1 (0.56%) Memcached
5 1 (0.56%) Node.js
5 1 (0.56%) OAuth
5 1 (0.56%) REST
5 1 (0.56%) SAML
5 1 (0.56%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 22 (12.22%) Data Centre
2 14 (7.78%) Video Conferencing
3 13 (7.22%) Blackberry
4 9 (5.00%) iPhone
5 8 (4.44%) iPad
6 7 (3.89%) Computer Science
7 6 (3.33%) Blog
7 6 (3.33%) Linux Command Line
7 6 (3.33%) PKI
8 5 (2.78%) Hedge funds
8 5 (2.78%) Replication
8 5 (2.78%) Security Operations Centre
9 4 (2.22%) Analytical Skills
9 4 (2.22%) DataPower
9 4 (2.22%) Management Information System
9 4 (2.22%) VxBlock/Vblock
10 3 (1.67%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 3 (1.67%) Mainframe
11 2 (1.11%) Client/Server
11 2 (1.11%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 63 (35.00%) Windows
2 30 (16.67%) Windows Server
3 28 (15.56%) Windows 7
4 23 (12.78%) Linux
5 20 (11.11%) Windows Server 2008
6 9 (5.00%) CentOS
6 9 (5.00%) Windows Server 2012
7 8 (4.44%) Windows 8
7 8 (4.44%) Windows Server 2003
8 7 (3.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 6 (3.33%) Android
9 6 (3.33%) Debian
9 6 (3.33%) Kali Linux
9 6 (3.33%) Ubuntu
10 5 (2.78%) Unix
10 5 (2.78%) Windows 10
11 4 (2.22%) Apple iOS
12 2 (1.11%) Windows 2000 Server
12 2 (1.11%) Windows Vista
12 2 (1.11%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 41 (22.78%) ITIL
2 36 (20.00%) DevOps
3 33 (18.33%) Agile Software Development
4 28 (15.56%) High Availability
5 27 (15.00%) BDD
5 27 (15.00%) Continuous Delivery
5 27 (15.00%) Continuous Integration
5 27 (15.00%) TDD
6 20 (11.11%) Network Design
7 17 (9.44%) Load Balancing
7 17 (9.44%) SIEM
8 13 (7.22%) Incident Management
9 12 (6.67%) Service Management
10 11 (6.11%) Kalman Filter
10 11 (6.11%) Network Management
10 11 (6.11%) Security Operations
11 10 (5.56%) Network Monitoring
12 9 (5.00%) Cybersecurity
12 9 (5.00%) Disaster Recovery
12 9 (5.00%) Line Management
Programming Languages
1 36 (20.00%) Java
2 12 (6.67%) Python
3 11 (6.11%) Ruby
4 8 (4.44%) Bash Shell
5 7 (3.89%) SQL
6 5 (2.78%) C-shell
6 5 (2.78%) Korn
6 5 (2.78%) Shell Script
7 3 (1.67%) Perl
7 3 (1.67%) PowerShell
8 2 (1.11%) C++
9 1 (0.56%) C
9 1 (0.56%) C#
9 1 (0.56%) Tcl
Qualifications
1 41 (22.78%) Cisco Certification
2 30 (16.67%) CCNP
3 21 (11.67%) CCNA
4 20 (11.11%) CCIE
5 16 (8.89%) Microsoft Certification
6 13 (7.22%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 12 (6.67%) Degree
8 10 (5.56%) CCDA
8 10 (5.56%) CCSA
8 10 (5.56%) MCSE
9 9 (5.00%) MCSA
10 6 (3.33%) Citrix Certification
10 6 (3.33%) Computer Science Degree
10 6 (3.33%) MCDST
10 6 (3.33%) MCITP
10 6 (3.33%) SANS
11 5 (2.78%) LPIC
11 5 (2.78%) RHCSA
11 5 (2.78%) SC Cleared
11 5 (2.78%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (7.22%) SLA
2 8 (4.44%) PCI DSS
3 6 (3.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (1.11%) HIPAA
4 2 (1.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.56%) QA
System Software
1 78 (43.33%) Active Directory
2 26 (14.44%) Docker
3 24 (13.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (9.44%) vSphere
5 10 (5.56%) VMware ESXi
6 6 (3.33%) pfSense
6 6 (3.33%) Terminal Services
7 5 (2.78%) VMware NSX
7 5 (2.78%) XenApp
7 5 (2.78%) XenDesktop
8 3 (1.67%) Hyper-V
9 2 (1.11%) KVM
9 2 (1.11%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 2 (1.11%) Virtual Desktop
9 2 (1.11%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.56%) iptables
10 1 (0.56%) ProxySG
10 1 (0.56%) Snort
10 1 (0.56%) Varnish
10 1 (0.56%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 29 (16.11%) Puppet
2 11 (6.11%) Cisco CUCM
3 10 (5.56%) SCCM
4 6 (3.33%) Backup Exec
5 5 (2.78%) FortiGate
5 5 (2.78%) SolarWinds Orion
6 4 (2.22%) Cacti
6 4 (2.22%) Nagios
7 3 (1.67%) AirWatch
7 3 (1.67%) Ansible
7 3 (1.67%) Business Desktop Deployment
7 3 (1.67%) WSUS
8 2 (1.11%) Norton AntiVirus
8 2 (1.11%) Terraform
9 1 (0.56%) Failover Clustering
9 1 (0.56%) Grafana
9 1 (0.56%) Graphite
9 1 (0.56%) Nessus
9 1 (0.56%) QRadar
9 1 (0.56%) SELinux
Vendors
1 95 (52.78%) Microsoft
2 76 (42.22%) Cisco
3 53 (29.44%) Citrix
4 50 (27.78%) VMware
5 32 (17.78%) CheckPoint
5 32 (17.78%) Palo Alto
6 31 (17.22%) Juniper
7 30 (16.67%) IBM
8 28 (15.56%) Splunk
9 26 (14.44%) F5
10 17 (9.44%) SolarWinds
11 10 (5.56%) Aruba
12 9 (5.00%) EqualLogic
12 9 (5.00%) Red Hat
13 8 (4.44%) Apple
13 8 (4.44%) Dell
13 8 (4.44%) Remedy
13 8 (4.44%) Riverbed
13 8 (4.44%) Symantec
14 7 (3.89%) AlienVault