Period
to 16 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 16 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
16 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 171 168 153
Rank change year-on-year -3 -15 +41
Permanent jobs citing VPN 191 181 229
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.71% 1.77% 1.95%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 13.12% 12.12% 12.87%
Number of salaries quoted 170 146 197
City of London median annual salary £51,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.00% - +6.38%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £28,100
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £70,650
Central London median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +3.85%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 1,456 1,494 1,779
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 13.04% 14.63% 15.18%
Number of salaries quoted 1,288 1,332 1,563
City of London median annual salary £55,000 £53,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.77% -3.64% +4.76%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £80,000 £78,750
Central London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing VPN in the City of London.

Salary trend for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing VPN in the City of London over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Salary histogram for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the City of London region over the 6 months to 16 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 2 £40,000 -
VPN
Central London

For the 6 months to 16 November 2018, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 120 (62.83%) Firewall
2 107 (56.02%) Windows
3 85 (44.50%) Microsoft
4 71 (37.17%) Active Directory
4 71 (37.17%) Cisco
5 70 (36.65%) WAN
6 56 (29.32%) Windows Server
7 55 (28.80%) Office 365
8 53 (27.75%) LAN
8 53 (27.75%) VMware
9 52 (27.23%) Finance
9 52 (27.23%) TCP/IP
10 48 (25.13%) VMware Infrastructure
10 48 (25.13%) Microsoft Azure
11 47 (24.61%) Windows Server 2012
12 46 (24.08%) Cisco Certification
12 46 (24.08%) ITIL
13 45 (23.56%) DNS
14 44 (23.04%) SQL
14 44 (23.04%) MPLS
15 43 (22.51%) Citrix
16 42 (21.99%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 41 (21.47%) CCNP
17 41 (21.47%) Data Centre
18 40 (20.94%) Microsoft Office
19 39 (20.42%) MS Exchange
19 39 (20.42%) Amazon AWS
19 39 (20.42%) PowerShell
20 38 (19.90%) VLAN
20 38 (19.90%) Linux

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (20.42%) MS Exchange
2 16 (8.38%) SharePoint
3 15 (7.85%) Skype for Business
4 14 (7.33%) Exchange Server 2010
5 13 (6.81%) Exchange Server 2013
6 9 (4.71%) Elasticsearch
7 7 (3.66%) IIS
8 5 (2.62%) OpenStack
9 4 (2.09%) Apache
10 3 (1.57%) Apache Solr
10 3 (1.57%) IBM Domino
10 3 (1.57%) IBM Notes
10 3 (1.57%) nginx
11 2 (1.05%) CMS
11 2 (1.05%) Office Communications Server
12 1 (0.52%) Exchange Server 2007
12 1 (0.52%) JBoss
12 1 (0.52%) Tomcat
Applications
1 40 (20.94%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (4.19%) MS Visio
3 3 (1.57%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (1.05%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.52%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 9 (4.71%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (1.05%) Elite 3E
Cloud Services
1 55 (28.80%) Office 365
2 48 (25.13%) Microsoft Azure
3 39 (20.42%) Amazon AWS
4 17 (8.90%) G Suite
5 12 (6.28%) Azure Active Directory
5 12 (6.28%) IaaS
6 7 (3.66%) Amazon EC2
7 6 (3.14%) Mimecast
7 6 (3.14%) PaaS
8 5 (2.62%) Google Cloud Platform
9 4 (2.09%) Amazon S3
9 4 (2.09%) Cloud Computing
10 2 (1.05%) IBM Cloud
10 2 (1.05%) OpenShift
10 2 (1.05%) SaaS
10 2 (1.05%) Slack
10 2 (1.05%) SoftLayer
11 1 (0.52%) AWS CloudFormation
11 1 (0.52%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 120 (62.83%) Firewall
2 70 (36.65%) WAN
3 53 (27.75%) LAN
4 52 (27.23%) TCP/IP
5 45 (23.56%) DNS
6 44 (23.04%) MPLS
7 38 (19.90%) VLAN
8 37 (19.37%) BGP
8 37 (19.37%) Cisco Nexus
9 33 (17.28%) DHCP
9 33 (17.28%) Network Security
10 32 (16.75%) Cisco ASA
11 29 (15.18%) OSPF
12 28 (14.66%) Wireless
13 27 (14.14%) NetScaler
13 27 (14.14%) SAN
14 26 (13.61%) VoIP
15 25 (13.09%) Cisco IOS
15 25 (13.09%) IPsec
16 23 (12.04%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (12.04%) SQL Server
2 9 (4.71%) MySQL
2 9 (4.71%) NoSQL
3 8 (4.19%) Amazon RDS
4 6 (3.14%) Azure SQL Database
4 6 (3.14%) Big Data
5 3 (1.57%) Apache Cassandra
5 3 (1.57%) Apache Hive
5 3 (1.57%) HBase
5 3 (1.57%) MariaDB
5 3 (1.57%) Scylla
6 2 (1.05%) Relational Database
7 1 (0.52%) Cosmos DB
7 1 (0.52%) Data Warehouse
7 1 (0.52%) DB2
7 1 (0.52%) Hadoop
7 1 (0.52%) Oracle Database
7 1 (0.52%) Redis
Development Applications
1 4 (2.09%) CircleCI
1 4 (2.09%) Sonatype Nexus
2 3 (1.57%) Hudson
3 2 (1.05%) Jenkins
4 1 (0.52%) Git (software)
4 1 (0.52%) JIRA
4 1 (0.52%) Visual Studio
4 1 (0.52%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 52 (27.23%) Finance
2 20 (10.47%) Telecoms
3 13 (6.81%) Banking
4 11 (5.76%) Legal
5 8 (4.19%) Advertising
5 8 (4.19%) Law
6 3 (1.57%) Financial Institution
7 2 (1.05%) Mandarin Language
7 2 (1.05%) Marketing
7 2 (1.05%) Spanish Language
8 1 (0.52%) Japanese Language
8 1 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 47 (24.61%) Network Engineer
2 23 (12.04%) Support Engineer
3 20 (10.47%) Analyst
3 20 (10.47%) Security Engineer
4 19 (9.95%) Network Security Engineer
5 16 (8.38%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 15 (7.85%) Architect
6 15 (7.85%) Senior Network Engineer
7 14 (7.33%) Network Specialist
8 13 (6.81%) Network Security Specialist
8 13 (6.81%) Security Specialist
9 12 (6.28%) Administrator
10 11 (5.76%) 3rd Line Engineer
10 11 (5.76%) IT Support
11 10 (5.24%) Cisco Network Specialist
11 10 (5.24%) Cisco Security Specialist
11 10 (5.24%) Senior Data Warehouse Specialist
11 10 (5.24%) Senior Network Security Specialist
11 10 (5.24%) Senior Network Specialist
11 10 (5.24%) Senior Security Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11 (5.76%) Node.js
1 11 (5.76%) REST
2 10 (5.24%) JSON
2 10 (5.24%) LDAP
3 9 (4.71%) J2EE
3 9 (4.71%) WebSockets
4 7 (3.66%) .NET
5 6 (3.14%) Middleware
6 4 (2.09%) 802.1X
6 4 (2.09%) HTML
6 4 (2.09%) XML
7 3 (1.57%) Elastic Stack
7 3 (1.57%) Kafka
7 3 (1.57%) LAMP
7 3 (1.57%) Web Services
8 2 (1.05%) LEMP Stack
9 1 (0.52%) AngularJS
9 1 (0.52%) Electron Framework
9 1 (0.52%) Spring
9 1 (0.52%) XMPP
Miscellaneous
1 41 (21.47%) Data Centre
2 27 (14.14%) Analytical Skills
3 20 (10.47%) Computer Science
4 17 (8.90%) Management Information System
5 13 (6.81%) Fintech
6 9 (4.71%) Clustering
6 9 (4.71%) Public Cloud
7 7 (3.66%) Enterprise Cloud
7 7 (3.66%) Self-Motivation
8 6 (3.14%) Video Conferencing
9 4 (2.09%) BYOD
9 4 (2.09%) Cyberattack
9 4 (2.09%) Cybercrime
9 4 (2.09%) IVR
10 3 (1.57%) Cyberthreat
10 3 (1.57%) Hedge funds
11 2 (1.05%) HP StoreVirtual
11 2 (1.05%) RSA SecurID
11 2 (1.05%) Smartphone
12 1 (0.52%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 107 (56.02%) Windows
2 56 (29.32%) Windows Server
3 47 (24.61%) Windows Server 2012
4 38 (19.90%) Linux
5 37 (19.37%) Windows 7
6 35 (18.32%) Windows Server 2008
7 32 (16.75%) Windows 10
8 14 (7.33%) Mac OS X
9 9 (4.71%) Windows 8
10 7 (3.66%) Android
10 7 (3.66%) Mac OS
11 6 (3.14%) Unix
12 5 (2.62%) CentOS
13 4 (2.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 4 (2.09%) Windows Server 2003
14 2 (1.05%) Apple iOS
14 2 (1.05%) Solaris
15 1 (0.52%) HPUX
15 1 (0.52%) MVS
15 1 (0.52%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 46 (24.08%) ITIL
2 42 (21.99%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 33 (17.28%) DevOps
4 31 (16.23%) Problem-Solving
5 24 (12.57%) Cybersecurity
6 22 (11.52%) Load Balancing
7 21 (10.99%) Information Security
8 19 (9.95%) Agile Software Development
9 16 (8.38%) Problem Management
9 16 (8.38%) Server Virtualisation
9 16 (8.38%) Service Management
10 14 (7.33%) Security Architecture
10 14 (7.33%) Service Delivery
11 13 (6.81%) API Integration
11 13 (6.81%) Migration
11 13 (6.81%) Network Architecture
12 12 (6.28%) Kalman Filter
12 12 (6.28%) Patch Management
12 12 (6.28%) Project Planning
13 11 (5.76%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 44 (23.04%) SQL
2 39 (20.42%) PowerShell
3 22 (11.52%) Python
4 12 (6.28%) Bash Shell
5 11 (5.76%) PHP
6 9 (4.71%) Java
7 7 (3.66%) Perl
8 6 (3.14%) C#
9 4 (2.09%) C++
9 4 (2.09%) JavaScript
10 1 (0.52%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 46 (24.08%) Cisco Certification
2 41 (21.47%) CCNP
3 25 (13.09%) Degree
4 21 (10.99%) CCIE
5 20 (10.47%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (7.33%) Microsoft Certification
7 11 (5.76%) CCNA
7 11 (5.76%) MCSE
8 6 (3.14%) CCSP
8 6 (3.14%) MCSA
9 5 (2.62%) CISM
9 5 (2.62%) CISSP
10 4 (2.09%) AWS Certification
10 4 (2.09%) CCIE Security
10 4 (2.09%) CCVP
10 4 (2.09%) CEH
11 2 (1.05%) CCSA
12 1 (0.52%) A+ Certification
12 1 (0.52%) CCSE
12 1 (0.52%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (6.28%) SLA
2 7 (3.66%) GDPR
3 6 (3.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (1.05%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 2 (1.05%) PCI DSS
4 2 (1.05%) PMO
5 1 (0.52%) COBIT
5 1 (0.52%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 71 (37.17%) Active Directory
2 48 (25.13%) VMware Infrastructure
3 35 (18.32%) Hyper-V
4 18 (9.42%) Docker
5 13 (6.81%) Virtual Desktop
6 7 (3.66%) VMware ESXi
7 5 (2.62%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (2.62%) XenApp
8 4 (2.09%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 4 (2.09%) Virtual Servers
8 4 (2.09%) XenServer
9 3 (1.57%) Firmware
9 3 (1.57%) HDFS
9 3 (1.57%) VirtualBox
9 3 (1.57%) XenDesktop
10 2 (1.05%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (1.05%) DFS Replication
10 2 (1.05%) RHEV
11 1 (0.52%) VMware Server
11 1 (0.52%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 16 (8.38%) SCCM
2 15 (7.85%) Norton AntiVirus
3 14 (7.33%) Ansible
3 14 (7.33%) Backup Exec
4 13 (6.81%) Kubernetes
5 10 (5.24%) Puppet
6 8 (4.19%) FortiGate
7 7 (3.66%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (3.66%) Single Sign-On
7 7 (3.66%) WSUS
8 6 (3.14%) Microsoft Intune
8 6 (3.14%) Nagios
8 6 (3.14%) SCOM
9 5 (2.62%) Jamf Pro
10 4 (2.09%) Cisco Prime
10 4 (2.09%) Salt
10 4 (2.09%) Terraform
11 3 (1.57%) Oozie
11 3 (1.57%) Stealthwatch
12 2 (1.05%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 85 (44.50%) Microsoft
2 71 (37.17%) Cisco
3 53 (27.75%) VMware
4 43 (22.51%) Citrix
5 34 (17.80%) F5
6 30 (15.71%) CheckPoint
7 29 (15.18%) Juniper
8 23 (12.04%) Google
9 21 (10.99%) Palo Alto
10 15 (7.85%) Symantec
11 14 (7.33%) HP
11 14 (7.33%) Meraki
12 13 (6.81%) Avaya
13 12 (6.28%) Apple
14 11 (5.76%) Oracle
15 8 (4.19%) Arista
15 8 (4.19%) Forcepoint
16 6 (3.14%) Nimble Storage
16 6 (3.14%) SaltStack
17 5 (2.62%) Okta