Period
to 18 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 18 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 178 162 160
Rank change year-on-year -16 -2 -38
Permanent jobs citing VPN 160 198 254
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.53% 1.85% 1.78%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.65% 11.41% 12.07%
Number of salaries quoted 137 171 211
City of London median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% -2.17%
10th Percentile £29,750 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £73,750 £68,750 £72,500
Central London median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% -2.17%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 1,502 1,736 2,104
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 14.39% 16.24% 14.78%
Number of salaries quoted 1,363 1,546 1,840
City of London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +8.25%
10th Percentile £32,500 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £80,000
Central London median annual salary £52,500 £54,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -2.78% +8.00% +5.26%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing VPN in the City of London.

Salary trend for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing VPN in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Salary histogram for VPN in the City of London

For the 6 months to 18 January 2018, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 83 (51.88%) Firewall
2 79 (49.38%) Microsoft
3 73 (45.63%) WAN
4 71 (44.38%) Active Directory
5 65 (40.63%) Windows
6 64 (40.00%) Cisco
7 59 (36.88%) LAN
8 57 (35.63%) DNS
9 54 (33.75%) DHCP
10 53 (33.13%) VMware
11 45 (28.13%) Citrix
12 38 (23.75%) Microsoft Azure
13 34 (21.25%) Office 365
13 34 (21.25%) MPLS
14 33 (20.63%) ITIL
15 32 (20.00%) MS Exchange
15 32 (20.00%) Windows Server
16 31 (19.38%) Palo Alto
16 31 (19.38%) VMware Infrastructure
16 31 (19.38%) Cisco ASA
17 30 (18.75%) VLAN
17 30 (18.75%) TCP/IP
18 29 (18.13%) BGP
18 29 (18.13%) Cisco Certification
19 27 (16.88%) Finance
19 27 (16.88%) OSPF
19 27 (16.88%) Microsoft Office
20 25 (15.63%) SQL Server
21 24 (15.00%) Linux
21 24 (15.00%) CheckPoint

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (20.00%) MS Exchange
2 19 (11.88%) Exchange Server 2010
3 16 (10.00%) Confluence
4 12 (7.50%) Exchange Server 2013
5 7 (4.38%) SharePoint
5 7 (4.38%) Skype for Business
6 5 (3.13%) Exchange Server 2007
6 5 (3.13%) IIS
7 4 (2.50%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
8 3 (1.88%) SharePoint 2013
9 2 (1.25%) Exchange Server 2003
10 1 (0.63%) nginx
10 1 (0.63%) OpenStack
Applications
1 27 (16.88%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (5.00%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (5.00%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (1.25%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.63%) Acrobat
4 1 (0.63%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (1.88%) Visualfiles
2 2 (1.25%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 38 (23.75%) Microsoft Azure
2 34 (21.25%) Office 365
3 24 (15.00%) IaaS
4 21 (13.13%) PaaS
5 18 (11.25%) Amazon AWS
6 17 (10.63%) Azure Active Directory
7 7 (4.38%) G Suite
8 4 (2.50%) Google Cloud Platform
9 2 (1.25%) SaaS
9 2 (1.25%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
9 2 (1.25%) Twilio
10 1 (0.63%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 83 (51.88%) Firewall
2 73 (45.63%) WAN
3 59 (36.88%) LAN
4 57 (35.63%) DNS
5 54 (33.75%) DHCP
6 34 (21.25%) MPLS
7 31 (19.38%) Cisco ASA
8 30 (18.75%) TCP/IP
8 30 (18.75%) VLAN
9 29 (18.13%) BGP
10 27 (16.88%) OSPF
11 23 (14.38%) Wireless
12 22 (13.75%) Cisco Nexus
13 21 (13.13%) Wi-Fi
14 19 (11.88%) IPsec
14 19 (11.88%) Network Security
15 17 (10.63%) Cisco IOS
15 17 (10.63%) DMZ
16 14 (8.75%) Multicast
17 13 (8.13%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (15.63%) SQL Server
2 1 (0.63%) Blockchain
2 1 (0.63%) MongoDB
2 1 (0.63%) NoSQL
2 1 (0.63%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 15 (9.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
1 15 (9.38%) Git (software)
1 15 (9.38%) JIRA
1 15 (9.38%) Octopus Deploy
2 4 (2.50%) Visual Studio
3 1 (0.63%) GitLab
3 1 (0.63%) Jenkins
3 1 (0.63%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 27 (16.88%) Finance
2 14 (8.75%) Legal
3 11 (6.88%) Banking
3 11 (6.88%) Law
4 7 (4.38%) Financial Institution
5 6 (3.75%) Advertising
5 6 (3.75%) Telecoms
6 4 (2.50%) Dutch Language
6 4 (2.50%) French Language
6 4 (2.50%) Spanish Language
7 3 (1.88%) Investment Banking
8 2 (1.25%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 41 (25.63%) Analyst
2 29 (18.13%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 26 (16.25%) Network Engineer
4 20 (12.50%) Cloud Engineer
5 18 (11.25%) Azure Engineer
5 18 (11.25%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
6 14 (8.75%) DevOps Engineer
6 14 (8.75%) Security Analyst
6 14 (8.75%) Service Analyst
7 13 (8.13%) Infrastructure Specialist
7 13 (8.13%) Service Desk Analyst
7 13 (8.13%) Support Engineer
8 12 (7.50%) Azure DevOps
8 12 (7.50%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 12 (7.50%) Cloud Specialist
8 12 (7.50%) DevOps Specialist
9 10 (6.25%) 2nd Line Support
9 10 (6.25%) Cisco Engineer
9 10 (6.25%) Cisco Network Engineer
10 9 (5.63%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (9.38%) .NET
2 5 (3.13%) XMPP
3 4 (2.50%) Web Services
4 2 (1.25%) 802.1X
4 2 (1.25%) Ajax
4 2 (1.25%) JSON
4 2 (1.25%) Node.js
4 2 (1.25%) REST
4 2 (1.25%) SOAP
4 2 (1.25%) XML
5 1 (0.63%) CSS
5 1 (0.63%) Dropwizard
5 1 (0.63%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 23 (14.38%) Data Centre
2 11 (6.88%) Analytical Skills
3 10 (6.25%) Computer Science
4 9 (5.63%) Management Information System
4 9 (5.63%) Video Conferencing
5 6 (3.75%) Blog
5 6 (3.75%) Linux Command Line
5 6 (3.75%) PKI
6 5 (3.13%) Blackberry
6 5 (3.13%) Client/Server
6 5 (3.13%) Clustering
6 5 (3.13%) Replication
6 5 (3.13%) Security Operations Centre
7 4 (2.50%) Hedge funds
8 3 (1.88%) Reinsurance
9 2 (1.25%) Arduino
9 2 (1.25%) Mainframe
9 2 (1.25%) Raspberry Pi
9 2 (1.25%) Tandem
9 2 (1.25%) VxBlock/Vblock
Operating Systems
1 65 (40.63%) Windows
2 32 (20.00%) Windows Server
3 24 (15.00%) Linux
4 18 (11.25%) Windows 7
5 12 (7.50%) Windows Server 2008
6 10 (6.25%) Windows Server 2003
7 9 (5.63%) CentOS
7 9 (5.63%) Windows Server 2012
8 8 (5.00%) Windows 10
9 7 (4.38%) Ubuntu
10 6 (3.75%) Debian
10 6 (3.75%) Kali Linux
10 6 (3.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 6 (3.75%) Unix
11 5 (3.13%) Windows XP
12 4 (2.50%) Android
12 4 (2.50%) Mac OS
13 3 (1.88%) Apple iOS
14 2 (1.25%) Mac OS X
14 2 (1.25%) Windows 2000 Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 33 (20.63%) ITIL
2 22 (13.75%) Agile Software Development
2 22 (13.75%) DevOps
3 18 (11.25%) High Availability
4 17 (10.63%) Network Design
5 16 (10.00%) Continuous Integration
6 15 (9.38%) BDD
6 15 (9.38%) Continuous Delivery
6 15 (9.38%) TDD
7 13 (8.13%) Information Security
8 12 (7.50%) SIEM
9 11 (6.88%) Load Balancing
10 10 (6.25%) Mentoring
11 9 (5.63%) Cybersecurity
12 7 (4.38%) Incident Management
12 7 (4.38%) Multi-Factor Authentication
12 7 (4.38%) Network Management
12 7 (4.38%) Root Cause Analysis
12 7 (4.38%) Two-Factor Authentication
13 6 (3.75%) Security Operations
Programming Languages
1 18 (11.25%) Java
2 9 (5.63%) Python
3 8 (5.00%) PowerShell
3 8 (5.00%) Shell Script
4 6 (3.75%) Perl
5 5 (3.13%) VBScript
6 3 (1.88%) PHP
7 2 (1.25%) C#
7 2 (1.25%) JavaScript
7 2 (1.25%) Ruby
8 1 (0.63%) Bash Shell
8 1 (0.63%) C
8 1 (0.63%) C++
8 1 (0.63%) SQL
8 1 (0.63%) Tcl
Qualifications
1 29 (18.13%) Cisco Certification
2 22 (13.75%) CCNP
3 14 (8.75%) CCNA
4 12 (7.50%) SANS
5 11 (6.88%) CCIE
5 11 (6.88%) CEH
5 11 (6.88%) CISSP
6 10 (6.25%) Degree
7 7 (4.38%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 6 (3.75%) CCDA
8 6 (3.75%) CREST Certified
8 6 (3.75%) GIAC
8 6 (3.75%) Linux+ Certification
8 6 (3.75%) LPIC
8 6 (3.75%) RHCA
8 6 (3.75%) RHCE
8 6 (3.75%) RHCSA
8 6 (3.75%) SC Cleared
8 6 (3.75%) Security Cleared
9 5 (3.13%) CCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (6.25%) PCI DSS
2 6 (3.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (1.25%) HIPAA
3 2 (1.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 1 (0.63%) QA
4 1 (0.63%) SLA
System Software
1 71 (44.38%) Active Directory
2 31 (19.38%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (10.63%) Docker
3 17 (10.63%) vSphere
4 12 (7.50%) VMware ESXi
5 10 (6.25%) Terminal Services
5 10 (6.25%) XenApp
5 10 (6.25%) XenDesktop
6 7 (4.38%) Hyper-V
7 6 (3.75%) pfSense
7 6 (3.75%) Snort
8 3 (1.88%) VMware NSX
9 2 (1.25%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 2 (1.25%) Virtual Desktop
9 2 (1.25%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (1.25%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.63%) Firmware
10 1 (0.63%) iptables
10 1 (0.63%) KVM
Systems Management
1 18 (11.25%) Puppet
2 11 (6.88%) SCCM
3 10 (6.25%) Nessus
4 9 (5.63%) Cisco CUCM
5 7 (4.38%) Backup Exec
6 6 (3.75%) FortiGate
6 6 (3.75%) Nagios
6 6 (3.75%) OpenVAS
6 6 (3.75%) OSSEC
6 6 (3.75%) WSUS
7 5 (3.13%) Failover Clustering
8 3 (1.88%) Ansible
8 3 (1.88%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 3 (1.88%) Grafana
8 3 (1.88%) vCenter Server
9 2 (1.25%) Cacti
9 2 (1.25%) Terraform
10 1 (0.63%) AirWatch
10 1 (0.63%) Kubernetes
10 1 (0.63%) SolarWinds Orion
Vendors
1 79 (49.38%) Microsoft
2 64 (40.00%) Cisco
3 53 (33.13%) VMware
4 45 (28.13%) Citrix
5 31 (19.38%) Palo Alto
6 24 (15.00%) CheckPoint
7 22 (13.75%) F5
7 22 (13.75%) Juniper
8 19 (11.88%) HP
8 19 (11.88%) IBM
9 16 (10.00%) Splunk
10 12 (7.50%) AlienVault
10 12 (7.50%) Google
11 10 (6.25%) Fortinet
11 10 (6.25%) SolarWinds
12 8 (5.00%) Aruba
12 8 (5.00%) ForeScout
12 8 (5.00%) Veeam
13 7 (4.38%) Red Hat
13 7 (4.38%) Sourcefire