Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for OpenStack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OpenStack over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

OpenStack
England > London
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 461 356 452
Rank change year-on-year -105 +96 -39
Contract jobs citing OpenStack 62 21 141
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.21% 0.13% 0.35%
As % of the Application Platforms category 1.50% 0.89% 2.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 53 16 84
10th Percentile £388 £369 £425
25th Percentile £488 £422 £473
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £550
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% -9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £688 £525 £688
90th Percentile £715 £580 £784
England median daily rate £513 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -6.82% - +4.76%

OpenStack is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 4,138 2,369 6,367
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 13.74% 15.04% 15.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,899 1,635 4,439
10th Percentile £335 £321 £305
25th Percentile £430 £420 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £513
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% -2.44% +2.50%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £588
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 21 47
10th Percentile £16.28 £15.00 £12.89
25th Percentile £21.13 £23.50 £17.00
Median hourly rate £32.00 £34.90 £20.89
Median % change year-on-year -8.30% +67.04% +1.90%
75th Percentile £57.50 £51.75 £34.80
90th Percentile £69.54 £60.00 £48.70
England median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year +12.50% +2.56% -2.50%

OpenStack
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing OpenStack as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for OpenStack in London

OpenStack
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing OpenStack in London.

Daily rate trend for OpenStack in London

OpenStack
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing OpenStack in London over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for OpenStack in London

OpenStack
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing OpenStack in London.

Hourly rate trend for OpenStack in London

OpenStack
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OpenStack within the London region over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -23 2 £494 -8.99% 9
East London - 1 £388 -
West London - 1 £713 - 4
OpenStack
England

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing OpenStack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for OpenStack.

1 33 (53.23%) Kubernetes
2 32 (51.61%) Linux
3 25 (40.32%) Docker
4 22 (35.48%) GCP
4 22 (35.48%) Java
4 22 (35.48%) Google
5 21 (33.87%) AWS
6 18 (29.03%) Microservices
6 18 (29.03%) Jenkins
6 18 (29.03%) VMware
6 18 (29.03%) Python
7 17 (27.42%) Git (software)
8 16 (25.81%) Data Centre
9 15 (24.19%) Private Cloud
9 15 (24.19%) Ansible
9 15 (24.19%) Telecoms
9 15 (24.19%) Spring
10 14 (22.58%) Migration
11 13 (20.97%) Agile Software Development
11 13 (20.97%) DevOps
11 13 (20.97%) Azure
11 13 (20.97%) Open Source
12 11 (17.74%) Grafana
12 11 (17.74%) Java 11
13 10 (16.13%) Terraform
13 10 (16.13%) Continuous Delivery
13 10 (16.13%) Red Hat
13 10 (16.13%) Debian
13 10 (16.13%) SaaS
13 10 (16.13%) MongoDB

OpenStack
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (9.68%) Apache
2 2 (3.23%) Confluence
2 2 (3.23%) Elasticsearch
2 2 (3.23%) SAS
3 1 (1.61%) Drupal
3 1 (1.61%) JBoss
3 1 (1.61%) nginx
3 1 (1.61%) Red Hat Fuse
3 1 (1.61%) Tomcat
Applications
1 1 (1.61%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 22 (35.48%) GCP
2 21 (33.87%) AWS
3 13 (20.97%) Azure
4 10 (16.13%) SaaS
5 6 (9.68%) IaaS
6 5 (8.06%) OpenShift
7 4 (6.45%) PaaS
8 2 (3.23%) Serverless
9 1 (1.61%) Akamai
9 1 (1.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 1 (1.61%) Amazon ECS
9 1 (1.61%) Amazon EKS
9 1 (1.61%) AWS KMS
9 1 (1.61%) AWS Lambda
9 1 (1.61%) Azure Sentinel
9 1 (1.61%) CloudFront
9 1 (1.61%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 5 (8.06%) 3GPP
1 5 (8.06%) 5G
1 5 (8.06%) MPLS
2 4 (6.45%) 4G
2 4 (6.45%) Diameter Protocol
2 4 (6.45%) DNS
3 3 (4.84%) 3G
3 3 (4.84%) BGP
3 3 (4.84%) LAN
3 3 (4.84%) SGSN
3 3 (4.84%) Software-Defined Networking
4 2 (3.23%) Firewall
4 2 (3.23%) iSCSI
4 2 (3.23%) OSPF
4 2 (3.23%) SSL
5 1 (1.61%) IKE
5 1 (1.61%) Internet
5 1 (1.61%) SNMP
5 1 (1.61%) TCP/IP
5 1 (1.61%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (16.13%) MongoDB
2 7 (11.29%) Hadoop
2 7 (11.29%) Redis
3 3 (4.84%) PostgreSQL
4 2 (3.23%) MySQL
5 1 (1.61%) Amazon RDS
5 1 (1.61%) Blockchain
5 1 (1.61%) Couchbase
5 1 (1.61%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 18 (29.03%) Jenkins
2 17 (27.42%) Git (software)
3 6 (9.68%) Mockito
3 6 (9.68%) WebDriver
4 5 (8.06%) JUnit
4 5 (8.06%) Toad
5 4 (6.45%) GitLab
5 4 (6.45%) JIRA
6 3 (4.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 3 (4.84%) CircleCI
6 3 (4.84%) Travis CI
7 2 (3.23%) Bitbucket
7 2 (3.23%) Bitbucket Server
7 2 (3.23%) RSpec
7 2 (3.23%) Vagrant
8 1 (1.61%) Gradle
8 1 (1.61%) Maven
8 1 (1.61%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 15 (24.19%) Telecoms
2 6 (9.68%) Finance
3 4 (6.45%) Public Sector
4 3 (4.84%) Billing
4 3 (4.84%) Electronics
4 3 (4.84%) Social Skills
5 2 (3.23%) Banking
5 2 (3.23%) Games
5 2 (3.23%) Manufacturing
5 2 (3.23%) Marketing
6 1 (1.61%) Documentation Skills
6 1 (1.61%) Front Office
6 1 (1.61%) Investment Banking
6 1 (1.61%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 17 (27.42%) Architect
2 11 (17.74%) Developer
3 10 (16.13%) Java Developer
4 8 (12.90%) Cloud Developer
5 7 (11.29%) Cloud Engineer
5 7 (11.29%) DevOps Engineer
5 7 (11.29%) Technical Architect
6 5 (8.06%) Security Engineer
7 4 (6.45%) Cloud Architect
7 4 (6.45%) Consultant
8 3 (4.84%) Azure Engineer
8 3 (4.84%) Security Architect
8 3 (4.84%) Senior Architect
8 3 (4.84%) Senior Technical Architect
9 2 (3.23%) Design Engineer
9 2 (3.23%) Network Engineer
9 2 (3.23%) Programme Director
9 2 (3.23%) Services Director
9 2 (3.23%) Test Engineer
9 2 (3.23%) VMware Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (24.19%) Spring
2 7 (11.29%) Kafka
2 7 (11.29%) REST
3 6 (9.68%) Akka
3 6 (9.68%) Memcached
3 6 (9.68%) RESTEasy
3 6 (9.68%) Spring MVC
3 6 (9.68%) Swagger
3 6 (9.68%) WireMock
3 6 (9.68%) YAML
4 5 (8.06%) GraphQL
5 4 (6.45%) Node.js
6 3 (4.84%) JSON
6 3 (4.84%) Spine.js
6 3 (4.84%) Web Services
6 3 (4.84%) XML
7 2 (3.23%) AngularJS
7 2 (3.23%) OAuth
8 1 (1.61%) HTML5
8 1 (1.61%) OpenID
Miscellaneous
1 16 (25.81%) Data Centre
2 15 (24.19%) Private Cloud
3 6 (9.68%) Legacy Code
4 5 (8.06%) Algorithms
4 5 (8.06%) Data Structures
5 4 (6.45%) Cloud Native
5 4 (6.45%) Clustering
5 4 (6.45%) Hybrid Cloud
6 3 (4.84%) Data Protection Act
6 3 (4.84%) Derivative
6 3 (4.84%) Public Cloud
7 2 (3.23%) Linux Command Line
7 2 (3.23%) PKI
8 1 (1.61%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 1 (1.61%) Legacy Applications
8 1 (1.61%) Legacy Systems
8 1 (1.61%) Life Science
8 1 (1.61%) Management Information System
8 1 (1.61%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 32 (51.61%) Linux
2 10 (16.13%) Debian
3 9 (14.52%) VMS
4 5 (8.06%) Ubuntu
5 4 (6.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (4.84%) Windows
7 2 (3.23%) CentOS
7 2 (3.23%) Unix
7 2 (3.23%) Windows Server
7 2 (3.23%) Windows Server 2012
7 2 (3.23%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 18 (29.03%) Microservices
2 14 (22.58%) Migration
3 13 (20.97%) Agile Software Development
3 13 (20.97%) DevOps
3 13 (20.97%) Open Source
4 10 (16.13%) Continuous Delivery
5 9 (14.52%) E-Commerce
5 9 (14.52%) Software Engineering
5 9 (14.52%) Test Automation
6 8 (12.90%) Validation
7 7 (11.29%) Configuration Management
7 7 (11.29%) Continuous Integration
8 6 (9.68%) BDD
8 6 (9.68%) Cybersecurity
8 6 (9.68%) MVC
8 6 (9.68%) TDD
9 5 (8.06%) API Design
9 5 (8.06%) Architectural Design
9 5 (8.06%) Data Protection
9 5 (8.06%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 22 (35.48%) Java
2 18 (29.03%) Python
3 11 (17.74%) Java 11
4 8 (12.90%) PowerShell
5 7 (11.29%) JavaScript
5 7 (11.29%) Scala
6 6 (9.68%) Bash Shell
6 6 (9.68%) SQL
7 4 (6.45%) Go
7 4 (6.45%) Perl
7 4 (6.45%) Ruby
8 1 (1.61%) Java 8
8 1 (1.61%) Shell Script
8 1 (1.61%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 7 (11.29%) Security Cleared
2 6 (9.68%) SC Cleared
3 3 (4.84%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
4 2 (3.23%) DV Cleared
4 2 (3.23%) MCITP
4 2 (3.23%) MCSA
4 2 (3.23%) Microsoft Certification
4 2 (3.23%) VCP6
5 1 (1.61%) CCNP
5 1 (1.61%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (1.61%) CISM
5 1 (1.61%) CISSP
5 1 (1.61%) CTC Cleared
5 1 (1.61%) Degree
5 1 (1.61%) JNCIP
5 1 (1.61%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (4.84%) OASIS TOSCA
2 2 (3.23%) QA
3 1 (1.61%) Cyber Essentials
3 1 (1.61%) GDPR
3 1 (1.61%) HIPAA
3 1 (1.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (1.61%) NIST
3 1 (1.61%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 25 (40.32%) Docker
2 7 (11.29%) vCloud
2 7 (11.29%) VMware ESXi
3 6 (9.68%) KVM
4 5 (8.06%) Hyper-V
4 5 (8.06%) vSphere
5 4 (6.45%) LXC
5 4 (6.45%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (4.84%) Active Directory
7 2 (3.23%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 1 (1.61%) Ceph
8 1 (1.61%) VMware NSX
8 1 (1.61%) VMware Workstation
8 1 (1.61%) Xen
Systems Management
1 33 (53.23%) Kubernetes
2 15 (24.19%) Ansible
3 11 (17.74%) Grafana
4 10 (16.13%) Terraform
5 9 (14.52%) Puppet
6 5 (8.06%) Prometheus
7 4 (6.45%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (6.45%) vRealize
7 4 (6.45%) vRealize Orchestrator
8 3 (4.84%) Cloudify
8 3 (4.84%) Docker Swarm
8 3 (4.84%) Juju
8 3 (4.84%) Packer
9 2 (3.23%) Cobbler
9 2 (3.23%) Failover Clustering
9 2 (3.23%) Microsoft Clustering
9 2 (3.23%) Red Hat Satellite
9 2 (3.23%) Salt
9 2 (3.23%) vCenter Server
9 2 (3.23%) vMotion
Vendors
1 22 (35.48%) Google
2 18 (29.03%) VMware
3 10 (16.13%) Red Hat
4 7 (11.29%) Cisco
4 7 (11.29%) Juniper
5 3 (4.84%) Dell
5 3 (4.84%) Ericsson
5 3 (4.84%) HP
5 3 (4.84%) Mirantis
5 3 (4.84%) MuleSoft
5 3 (4.84%) SAP
5 3 (4.84%) ServiceNow
6 2 (3.23%) Alibaba
6 2 (3.23%) CA
6 2 (3.23%) Citrix
6 2 (3.23%) IBM
6 2 (3.23%) Microsoft
6 2 (3.23%) Nokia
7 1 (1.61%) Fortinet
7 1 (1.61%) NEC