Period
to 21 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for OpenStack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OpenStack over the 6 months to 21 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

OpenStack
England > London
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 497 337 455
Rank change year-on-year -160 +118 -30
Contract jobs citing OpenStack 83 34 110
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.23% 0.24% 0.30%
As % of the Application Platforms category 1.74% 1.64% 1.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 70 28 66
10th Percentile £438 £350 £431
25th Percentile £520 £388 £519
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £650 £450 £575
Median % change year-on-year +44.44% -21.74% +9.52%
75th Percentile £723 £525 £698
90th Percentile £775 £575 £750
England median daily rate £575 £475 £550
% change year-on-year +21.05% -13.64% +10.00%

OpenStack is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 4,769 2,071 5,695
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 13.29% 14.71% 15.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,378 1,455 4,091
10th Percentile £350 £313 £294
25th Percentile £450 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £595 £588
90th Percentile £720 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 16 50
10th Percentile £17.62 £15.00 £15.23
25th Percentile £22.75 £22.56 £17.00
Median hourly rate £32.50 £36.25 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -10.34% +72.62% +5.00%
75th Percentile £53.75 £41.63 £36.70
90th Percentile £70.00 £48.38 £50.00
England median hourly rate £22.50 £22.50 £19.50
% change year-on-year - +15.38% -2.50%

OpenStack
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing OpenStack as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for OpenStack in London

OpenStack
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing OpenStack in London.

Daily rate trend for OpenStack in London

OpenStack
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing OpenStack in London over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for OpenStack in London

OpenStack
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing OpenStack in London.

Hourly rate trend for OpenStack in London

OpenStack
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OpenStack within the London region over the 6 months to 21 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London - 6 £600 - 10
West London -18 1 £713 +72.73% 5
East London - 1 £388 - 1
OpenStack
England

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing OpenStack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for OpenStack.

1 53 (63.86%) Kubernetes
2 44 (53.01%) Docker
3 40 (48.19%) Linux
4 32 (38.55%) VMware
5 29 (34.94%) Java
6 28 (33.73%) Python
6 28 (33.73%) GCP
7 26 (31.33%) DevOps
8 25 (30.12%) Private Cloud
9 24 (28.92%) Google
10 23 (27.71%) AWS
10 23 (27.71%) Cybersecurity
11 22 (26.51%) vCloud
11 22 (26.51%) Telecoms
11 22 (26.51%) Ansible
12 20 (24.10%) Jenkins
12 20 (24.10%) SaaS
12 20 (24.10%) OAuth
12 20 (24.10%) Git (software)
13 19 (22.89%) PaaS
13 19 (22.89%) Microservices
14 18 (21.69%) CA
14 18 (21.69%) SSL
14 18 (21.69%) MongoDB
15 17 (20.48%) Terraform
16 16 (19.28%) Grafana
16 16 (19.28%) Agile Software Development
16 16 (19.28%) Spring
16 16 (19.28%) Games
16 16 (19.28%) Debian

OpenStack
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (8.43%) Apache
2 6 (7.23%) nginx
3 2 (2.41%) Confluence
3 2 (2.41%) Elasticsearch
4 1 (1.20%) Apache Spark
4 1 (1.20%) Drupal
4 1 (1.20%) GeoServer
4 1 (1.20%) JBoss
4 1 (1.20%) Red Hat Fuse
4 1 (1.20%) SAS
4 1 (1.20%) Tomcat
Applications
1 1 (1.20%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 28 (33.73%) GCP
2 23 (27.71%) AWS
3 20 (24.10%) SaaS
4 19 (22.89%) PaaS
5 15 (18.07%) IaaS
6 14 (16.87%) Azure
7 9 (10.84%) OpenShift
8 4 (4.82%) Serverless
9 3 (3.61%) AWS CloudFormation
10 2 (2.41%) Amazon EKS
10 2 (2.41%) Datadog
11 1 (1.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 1 (1.20%) Amazon Kinesis
11 1 (1.20%) AWS Data Pipeline
11 1 (1.20%) AWS KMS
11 1 (1.20%) AWS Lambda
11 1 (1.20%) Azure Active Directory
11 1 (1.20%) Azure Sentinel
11 1 (1.20%) IBM Cloud
11 1 (1.20%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 18 (21.69%) SSL
2 13 (15.66%) Firewall
3 12 (14.46%) IKE
3 12 (14.46%) IPsec
3 12 (14.46%) VPN
4 10 (12.05%) DNS
5 4 (4.82%) MPLS
6 3 (3.61%) 5G
6 3 (3.61%) Diameter Protocol
6 3 (3.61%) Internet
6 3 (3.61%) LAN
7 2 (2.41%) 3G
7 2 (2.41%) 3GPP
7 2 (2.41%) 4G
7 2 (2.41%) BGP
7 2 (2.41%) Network Security
8 1 (1.20%) Cisco ASA
8 1 (1.20%) iSCSI
8 1 (1.20%) SGSN
8 1 (1.20%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (21.69%) MongoDB
2 15 (18.07%) Hadoop
3 10 (12.05%) Redis
4 9 (10.84%) PostgreSQL
5 7 (8.43%) MySQL
6 6 (7.23%) Couchbase
7 2 (2.41%) NoSQL
8 1 (1.20%) Amazon RDS
8 1 (1.20%) Blockchain
8 1 (1.20%) BusinessObjects
8 1 (1.20%) Data Warehouse
8 1 (1.20%) HBase
8 1 (1.20%) InfluxDB
8 1 (1.20%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 20 (24.10%) Git (software)
1 20 (24.10%) Jenkins
2 8 (9.64%) Mockito
2 8 (9.64%) WebDriver
3 7 (8.43%) JUnit
4 6 (7.23%) JIRA
4 6 (7.23%) Sonatype Nexus
5 5 (6.02%) GitLab
5 5 (6.02%) Toad
6 3 (3.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 3 (3.61%) CircleCI
6 3 (3.61%) RSpec
6 3 (3.61%) Travis CI
7 2 (2.41%) Bitbucket
7 2 (2.41%) Bitbucket Server
7 2 (2.41%) Gerrit
7 2 (2.41%) Vagrant
8 1 (1.20%) Gradle
8 1 (1.20%) Maven
General
1 22 (26.51%) Telecoms
2 16 (19.28%) Games
3 8 (9.64%) Finance
4 4 (4.82%) Social Skills
5 3 (3.61%) Analytical Skills
5 3 (3.61%) Banking
5 3 (3.61%) Financial Institution
5 3 (3.61%) Legal
5 3 (3.61%) Public Sector
6 2 (2.41%) Billing
7 1 (1.20%) Electronics
7 1 (1.20%) Front Office
7 1 (1.20%) Investment Banking
7 1 (1.20%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 33 (39.76%) Architect
2 19 (22.89%) Security Engineer
3 17 (20.48%) Security Architect
4 13 (15.66%) Developer
5 11 (13.25%) Design Engineer
5 11 (13.25%) Java Developer
5 11 (13.25%) Lead Architect
5 11 (13.25%) Lead Security Architect
6 10 (12.05%) DevOps Engineer
7 9 (10.84%) Cloud Architect
7 9 (10.84%) Cloud Developer
8 7 (8.43%) Technical Architect
9 4 (4.82%) Cloud Engineer
9 4 (4.82%) Consultant
10 3 (3.61%) AWS Architect
10 3 (3.61%) Azure Architect
10 3 (3.61%) Azure Engineer
10 3 (3.61%) Senior Architect
10 3 (3.61%) Senior Technical Architect
10 3 (3.61%) VMware Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20 (24.10%) OAuth
2 16 (19.28%) Spring
3 15 (18.07%) Kafka
4 12 (14.46%) OAuth2
5 8 (9.64%) Akka
5 8 (9.64%) Memcached
5 8 (9.64%) RabbitMQ
5 8 (9.64%) RESTEasy
5 8 (9.64%) Swagger
5 8 (9.64%) WireMock
6 7 (8.43%) Spring MVC
7 6 (7.23%) gRPC
7 6 (7.23%) JWT
7 6 (7.23%) Node.js
7 6 (7.23%) REST
8 5 (6.02%) GraphQL
8 5 (6.02%) YAML
9 4 (4.82%) Web Services
10 2 (2.41%) AngularJS
10 2 (2.41%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 25 (30.12%) Private Cloud
2 15 (18.07%) Data Centre
3 13 (15.66%) PKI
4 6 (7.23%) Legacy Code
5 5 (6.02%) Algorithms
5 5 (6.02%) Cloud Native
5 5 (6.02%) Data Structures
5 5 (6.02%) Hybrid Cloud
5 5 (6.02%) Public Cloud
6 3 (3.61%) Clustering
6 3 (3.61%) Data Protection Act
6 3 (3.61%) Enterprise Cloud
6 3 (3.61%) Hedge funds
6 3 (3.61%) Legacy Applications
6 3 (3.61%) Linux Command Line
7 2 (2.41%) Legacy Systems
8 1 (1.20%) Derivative
8 1 (1.20%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 1 (1.20%) Life Science
8 1 (1.20%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 40 (48.19%) Linux
2 16 (19.28%) Debian
3 10 (12.05%) VMS
4 7 (8.43%) Ubuntu
5 4 (4.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 2 (2.41%) CentOS
6 2 (2.41%) Unix
6 2 (2.41%) Windows
7 1 (1.20%) Windows Server
7 1 (1.20%) Windows Server 2012
7 1 (1.20%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 26 (31.33%) DevOps
2 23 (27.71%) Cybersecurity
3 19 (22.89%) Microservices
4 16 (19.28%) Agile Software Development
5 15 (18.07%) Test Automation
5 15 (18.07%) Vulnerability Management
6 13 (15.66%) Data Protection
6 13 (15.66%) Open Source
6 13 (15.66%) Validation
7 12 (14.46%) Continuous Delivery
7 12 (14.46%) Data Loss Prevention
7 12 (14.46%) Identity Access Management
7 12 (14.46%) Migration
7 12 (14.46%) Password Management
8 10 (12.05%) E-Commerce
9 9 (10.84%) Configuration Management
9 9 (10.84%) SDLC
9 9 (10.84%) Security Architecture
9 9 (10.84%) Software Engineering
10 7 (8.43%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 29 (34.94%) Java
2 28 (33.73%) Python
3 12 (14.46%) Java 11
4 11 (13.25%) JavaScript
5 9 (10.84%) PowerShell
5 9 (10.84%) Scala
5 9 (10.84%) SQL
6 6 (7.23%) Bash Shell
6 6 (7.23%) Go
6 6 (7.23%) Perl
7 5 (6.02%) Ruby
8 4 (4.82%) C
9 3 (3.61%) C++
10 2 (2.41%) Java 8
10 2 (2.41%) Shell Script
11 1 (1.20%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 7 (8.43%) Security Cleared
2 6 (7.23%) SC Cleared
3 5 (6.02%) Degree
4 4 (4.82%) CISSP
5 2 (2.41%) DV Cleared
6 1 (1.20%) CCNP
6 1 (1.20%) Cisco Certification
6 1 (1.20%) CISM
6 1 (1.20%) CTC Cleared
6 1 (1.20%) JNCIP
6 1 (1.20%) Master's Degree
6 1 (1.20%) MCITP
6 1 (1.20%) MCSA
6 1 (1.20%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (1.20%) VCP6
6 1 (1.20%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (4.82%) GDPR
2 3 (3.61%) QA
3 1 (1.20%) Cyber Essentials
3 1 (1.20%) HIPAA
3 1 (1.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (1.20%) NIST
3 1 (1.20%) OASIS TOSCA
3 1 (1.20%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 44 (53.01%) Docker
2 22 (26.51%) vCloud
3 12 (14.46%) VMware Workstation
4 6 (7.23%) KVM
5 5 (6.02%) Active Directory
5 5 (6.02%) Hyper-V
6 4 (4.82%) vSphere
7 3 (3.61%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 3 (3.61%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (3.61%) VMware Infrastructure
8 2 (2.41%) Ceph
8 2 (2.41%) LXC
8 2 (2.41%) Xen
9 1 (1.20%) GeoWebCache
Systems Management
1 53 (63.86%) Kubernetes
2 22 (26.51%) Ansible
3 17 (20.48%) Terraform
4 16 (19.28%) Grafana
5 9 (10.84%) Puppet
6 8 (9.64%) Prometheus
7 6 (7.23%) Consul
7 6 (7.23%) Fluentd
7 6 (7.23%) HAProxy
7 6 (7.23%) ZABBIX
8 5 (6.02%) Opscode Chef
9 4 (4.82%) Packer
9 4 (4.82%) vRealize
10 3 (3.61%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 3 (3.61%) Cobbler
10 3 (3.61%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 1 (1.20%) Cloudify
11 1 (1.20%) Failover Clustering
11 1 (1.20%) Juju
11 1 (1.20%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 32 (38.55%) VMware
2 24 (28.92%) Google
3 18 (21.69%) CA
4 13 (15.66%) Red Hat
5 6 (7.23%) CyberArk
5 6 (7.23%) Juniper
5 6 (7.23%) Microsoft
5 6 (7.23%) ServiceNow
5 6 (7.23%) Sonatype
6 4 (4.82%) Cisco
6 4 (4.82%) Citrix
6 4 (4.82%) IBM
7 3 (3.61%) MuleSoft
8 2 (2.41%) HP
8 2 (2.41%) Nokia
9 1 (1.20%) Atlassian
9 1 (1.20%) Dell
9 1 (1.20%) Ericsson
9 1 (1.20%) MicroStrategy
9 1 (1.20%) New Relic