Period
to 28 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 28 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
England > London
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 10 9
Rank change year-on-year +1 -1 +1
Contract jobs citing AWS 4,891 1,950 4,727
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 14.25% 14.66% 12.42%
As % of the Cloud Services category 37.27% 41.76% 38.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,743 1,593 3,413
10th Percentile £438 £413 £425
25th Percentile £500 £475 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £575 £565
Median % change year-on-year - +1.77% +2.73%
75th Percentile £675 £663 £650
90th Percentile £738 £763 £713
England median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 1 14
10th Percentile " " £14.25
25th Percentile £35.00 £47.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate £57.00 £50.00 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year +14.00% +66.67% -29.41%
75th Percentile £65.00 £52.50 £55.06
90th Percentile £105.10 " £69.63
England median hourly rate £63.00 £53.75 £25.00
% change year-on-year +17.21% +115.00% -32.89%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 13,123 4,670 12,413
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.24% 35.10% 32.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,698 3,483 8,987
10th Percentile £381 £350 £325
25th Percentile £463 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +3.96%
75th Percentile £650 £625 £613
90th Percentile £725 £725 £688
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 76 15 95
10th Percentile £13.38 £13.58 £14.00
25th Percentile £16.27 £20.75 £18.70
Median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year - +19.05% +3.70%
75th Percentile £51.31 £47.88 £25.75
90th Percentile £65.00 £59.25 £53.25
England median hourly rate £20.70 £21.50 £21.00
% change year-on-year -3.72% +2.38% +20.00%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in London

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS in London.

Daily rate trend for AWS in London

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS in London over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in London

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS in London.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in London

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS in London over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in London

AWS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the London region over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +3 529 £600 +9.09% 519
South London +4 110 £575 +11.92% 45
West London +5 41 £550 -12.00% 177
East London +1 20 £650 +4.00% 90
AWS
England

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for AWS.

1 2,037 (41.65%) Azure
2 1,847 (37.76%) Agile Software Development
3 1,629 (33.31%) DevOps
4 1,515 (30.98%) Python
5 1,271 (25.99%) Java
6 1,241 (25.37%) Kubernetes
7 1,223 (25.01%) Finance
8 1,212 (24.78%) Terraform
9 1,202 (24.58%) Docker
10 1,088 (22.24%) GCP
11 1,047 (21.41%) Serverless
12 1,015 (20.75%) JavaScript
13 962 (19.67%) Software Engineering
14 908 (18.56%) Microservices
15 846 (17.30%) SQL
16 817 (16.70%) AWS Lambda
17 795 (16.25%) React
18 788 (16.11%) Social Skills
19 714 (14.60%) Web Services
20 704 (14.39%) Full Stack Development
21 702 (14.35%) Node.js
22 625 (12.78%) Jenkins
23 620 (12.68%) Linux
24 595 (12.17%) Amazon S3
25 565 (11.55%) TypeScript
26 559 (11.43%) Git (software)
27 556 (11.37%) Ansible
28 490 (10.02%) TDD
29 456 (9.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
30 450 (9.20%) Analytics

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 228 (4.66%) Apache Spark
2 147 (3.01%) Elasticsearch
3 136 (2.78%) Confluence
4 121 (2.47%) Apache
4 121 (2.47%) Apache Airflow
5 47 (0.96%) nginx
6 43 (0.88%) SharePoint
7 40 (0.82%) Tomcat
8 38 (0.78%) Cloud Foundry
9 34 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
10 32 (0.65%) CMS
11 25 (0.51%) IIS
12 23 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 22 (0.45%) OpenStack
14 21 (0.43%) Luigi
15 20 (0.41%) WebSphere
16 15 (0.31%) Oracle Workflow
16 15 (0.31%) SAS
17 14 (0.29%) JBoss
17 14 (0.29%) WebLogic
Applications
1 21 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
1 21 (0.43%) MS Visio
2 18 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.082%) Chatbot
5 4 (0.082%) SPSS
6 3 (0.061%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.041%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.020%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.020%) CPLEX
8 1 (0.020%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 13 (0.27%) Sentinel
2 10 (0.20%) Magento
3 9 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
3 9 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
4 7 (0.14%) Cloudability
5 5 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
5 5 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 5 (0.10%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 4 (0.082%) SAP Hybris
6 4 (0.082%) Towers Watson Igloo
7 3 (0.061%) Adobe Campaign
7 3 (0.061%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.041%) Maximo
8 2 (0.041%) NetSuite
8 2 (0.041%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.041%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.041%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 1 (0.020%) BASE24
9 1 (0.020%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 2,037 (41.65%) Azure
2 1,088 (22.24%) GCP
3 1,047 (21.41%) Serverless
4 817 (16.70%) AWS Lambda
5 595 (12.17%) Amazon S3
6 353 (7.22%) AWS CloudFormation
7 344 (7.03%) Amazon EC2
8 320 (6.54%) Amazon SQS
9 289 (5.91%) GitHub
10 253 (5.17%) PaaS
11 232 (4.74%) AWS Step Functions
12 220 (4.50%) SaaS
13 216 (4.42%) IaaS
14 178 (3.64%) Amazon EKS
15 174 (3.56%) Amazon ECS
16 161 (3.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 136 (2.78%) OpenShift
18 122 (2.49%) Cloud Computing
19 120 (2.45%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 118 (2.41%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 142 (2.90%) Firewall
2 108 (2.21%) DNS
2 108 (2.21%) HTTP
3 70 (1.43%) TCP/IP
4 62 (1.27%) Internet
5 57 (1.17%) VPN
6 45 (0.92%) SSL
7 41 (0.84%) WAN
8 39 (0.80%) BGP
9 35 (0.72%) Network Security
10 31 (0.63%) DHCP
11 30 (0.61%) LAN
12 27 (0.55%) OSPF
12 27 (0.55%) SAN
13 21 (0.43%) Wireless
14 20 (0.41%) FTP
15 19 (0.39%) Kerberos
16 17 (0.35%) MPLS
17 16 (0.33%) IPsec
18 15 (0.31%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 456 (9.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 367 (7.50%) Amazon RDS
3 321 (6.56%) PostgreSQL
4 320 (6.54%) Big Data
5 308 (6.30%) NoSQL
6 216 (4.42%) SQL Server
7 204 (4.17%) MongoDB
8 181 (3.70%) Data Warehouse
9 169 (3.46%) Hadoop
10 162 (3.31%) Relational Database
11 150 (3.07%) MySQL
12 136 (2.78%) Amazon Redshift
13 135 (2.76%) Data Lake
14 101 (2.07%) Redis
15 92 (1.88%) Power BI
16 81 (1.66%) Apache Cassandra
16 81 (1.66%) BigQuery
17 79 (1.62%) Tableau
18 74 (1.51%) Apache Hive
19 72 (1.47%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 625 (12.78%) Jenkins
2 559 (11.43%) Git (software)
3 318 (6.50%) JIRA
4 187 (3.82%) GitLab
5 160 (3.27%) Maven
6 81 (1.66%) Bitbucket
7 71 (1.45%) Cucumber
8 66 (1.35%) Gradle
9 65 (1.33%) JUnit
10 64 (1.31%) webpack
11 62 (1.27%) CircleCI
12 57 (1.17%) TeamCity
13 49 (1.00%) Sonatype Nexus
13 49 (1.00%) Visual Studio
14 48 (0.98%) Mocha
15 47 (0.96%) Subversion
16 45 (0.92%) Postman
17 43 (0.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 43 (0.88%) JMeter
17 43 (0.88%) Selenium
General
1 1,223 (25.01%) Finance
2 788 (16.11%) Social Skills
3 383 (7.83%) Front Office
4 373 (7.63%) Banking
5 254 (5.19%) Public Sector
6 205 (4.19%) Analytical Skills
7 123 (2.51%) Retail
8 114 (2.33%) Presentation Skills
9 101 (2.07%) Marketing
10 90 (1.84%) Telecoms
11 87 (1.78%) Investment Banking
12 60 (1.23%) Influencing Skills
13 56 (1.14%) Manufacturing
14 52 (1.06%) Financial Institution
15 49 (1.00%) Legal
16 43 (0.88%) Electronics
17 41 (0.84%) Law
18 33 (0.67%) Back Office
18 33 (0.67%) Retail Banking
19 27 (0.55%) Games
Job Titles
1 1,545 (31.59%) Developer
2 833 (17.03%) Architect
3 595 (12.17%) DevOps Engineer
4 557 (11.39%) AWS Engineer
5 374 (7.65%) Software Engineer
6 360 (7.36%) Java Developer
7 300 (6.13%) React Developer
8 292 (5.97%) Data Engineer
9 272 (5.56%) Solutions Architect
10 271 (5.54%) AWS Developer
11 263 (5.38%) Cloud Architect
12 261 (5.34%) AWS Architect
13 247 (5.05%) AWS DevOps
14 234 (4.78%) Python Developer
15 219 (4.48%) Cloud Engineer
15 219 (4.48%) Full Stack Developer
15 219 (4.48%) Senior Developer
16 209 (4.27%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 185 (3.78%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 181 (3.70%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 795 (16.25%) React
2 714 (14.60%) Web Services
3 702 (14.35%) Node.js
4 398 (8.14%) Kafka
5 362 (7.40%) REST
6 339 (6.93%) .NET
7 336 (6.87%) Spring
8 329 (6.73%) AngularJS
9 257 (5.25%) Spring Boot
10 242 (4.95%) CSS
10 242 (4.95%) HTML
11 240 (4.91%) Material-UI
12 202 (4.13%) GraphQL
13 194 (3.97%) RESTful
14 125 (2.56%) JSON
15 118 (2.41%) .NET Core
16 114 (2.33%) HTML5
17 113 (2.31%) Vue.js
18 97 (1.98%) SOAP
19 84 (1.72%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 275 (5.62%) Cloud Native
2 206 (4.21%) Public Cloud
3 171 (3.50%) Data Centre
4 166 (3.39%) Derivative
5 155 (3.17%) Fixed Income
6 149 (3.05%) Equities
7 127 (2.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 115 (2.35%) Hedge funds
9 114 (2.33%) Greenfield Project
10 104 (2.13%) Algorithms
11 97 (1.98%) Legacy Systems
12 95 (1.94%) Data Structures
13 90 (1.84%) User Experience
14 87 (1.78%) Hybrid Cloud
15 79 (1.62%) Data Protection Act
15 79 (1.62%) Management Information System
16 69 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
17 58 (1.19%) Self-Motivation
18 43 (0.88%) Credit Risk
18 43 (0.88%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 620 (12.68%) Linux
2 328 (6.71%) Windows
3 113 (2.31%) Unix
4 79 (1.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 52 (1.06%) Windows Server
6 33 (0.67%) Ubuntu
7 32 (0.65%) CentOS
8 25 (0.51%) Windows 10
9 21 (0.43%) Apple iOS
9 21 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
10 18 (0.37%) Android
11 15 (0.31%) Mac OS X
12 14 (0.29%) Solaris
13 12 (0.25%) Windows Server 2016
14 10 (0.20%) Windows Server 2019
15 7 (0.14%) AIX
15 7 (0.14%) Windows 7
16 5 (0.10%) Windows Server 2008
17 4 (0.082%) HPUX
17 4 (0.082%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,847 (37.76%) Agile Software Development
2 1,629 (33.31%) DevOps
3 962 (19.67%) Software Engineering
4 908 (18.56%) Microservices
5 704 (14.39%) Full Stack Development
6 490 (10.02%) TDD
7 450 (9.20%) Analytics
8 445 (9.10%) Infrastructure as Code
9 427 (8.73%) Asset Management
10 368 (7.52%) Scrum
11 331 (6.77%) Migration
12 329 (6.73%) Test Automation
13 304 (6.22%) Problem-Solving
14 302 (6.17%) Investment Management
15 255 (5.21%) Continuous Integration
16 253 (5.17%) SDLC
17 242 (4.95%) Open Source
18 234 (4.78%) Data Modelling
19 224 (4.58%) Site Reliability Engineering
20 216 (4.42%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 1,515 (30.98%) Python
2 1,271 (25.99%) Java
3 1,015 (20.75%) JavaScript
4 846 (17.30%) SQL
5 565 (11.55%) TypeScript
6 303 (6.20%) C#
7 237 (4.85%) Go
8 224 (4.58%) Scala
9 222 (4.54%) Bash Shell
10 208 (4.25%) PowerShell
11 166 (3.39%) Kotlin
12 150 (3.07%) C++
13 145 (2.96%) Java 8
14 113 (2.31%) Ruby
15 97 (1.98%) PHP
16 87 (1.78%) PL/SQL
17 80 (1.64%) C
18 76 (1.55%) Java 11
18 76 (1.55%) T-SQL
19 71 (1.45%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 392 (8.01%) Security Cleared
2 334 (6.83%) SC Cleared
3 279 (5.70%) Degree
4 171 (3.50%) AWS Certification
5 87 (1.78%) Computer Science Degree
6 72 (1.47%) CISSP
7 46 (0.94%) Cisco Certification
8 33 (0.67%) DV Cleared
9 23 (0.47%) PhD
10 22 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
11 19 (0.39%) CISM
11 19 (0.39%) TOGAF Certification
12 18 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
12 18 (0.37%) CCNP
13 17 (0.35%) CRISC
14 16 (0.33%) CCNA
15 14 (0.29%) Master's Degree
16 13 (0.27%) CCIE
17 12 (0.25%) GIAC
17 12 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 119 (2.43%) QA
2 97 (1.98%) GDPR
3 80 (1.64%) Accessibility
4 75 (1.53%) Data Quality
5 50 (1.02%) NIST
6 46 (0.94%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 24 (0.49%) PCI DSS
8 19 (0.39%) GRC
9 14 (0.29%) PMO
9 14 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 14 (0.29%) SLA
10 13 (0.27%) IFRS
11 10 (0.20%) NCSC
12 8 (0.16%) NIST 800
13 7 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
14 6 (0.12%) COBIT
15 5 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 4 (0.082%) HIPAA
16 4 (0.082%) ISO 9001
16 4 (0.082%) SOC 2
System Software
1 1,202 (24.58%) Docker
2 179 (3.66%) Active Directory
3 143 (2.92%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (0.55%) vSphere
5 26 (0.53%) VMware ESXi
6 21 (0.43%) VMware NSX
7 20 (0.41%) HDFS
8 15 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 15 (0.31%) Hyper-V
8 15 (0.31%) Microsoft App-V
8 15 (0.31%) Virtual Desktop
9 14 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
10 13 (0.27%) NFS
11 12 (0.25%) Xen
12 9 (0.18%) KVM
13 8 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
13 8 (0.16%) XenApp
14 7 (0.14%) XenDesktop
15 5 (0.10%) Squid
15 5 (0.10%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,241 (25.37%) Kubernetes
2 1,212 (24.78%) Terraform
3 556 (11.37%) Ansible
4 238 (4.87%) Puppet
5 134 (2.74%) Opscode Chef
6 133 (2.72%) Prometheus
7 127 (2.60%) Grafana
8 50 (1.02%) Packer
9 45 (0.92%) Microsoft Intune
9 45 (0.92%) Single Sign-On
10 42 (0.86%) Kibana
11 29 (0.59%) Istio
12 28 (0.57%) SCCM
13 25 (0.51%) Nagios
14 23 (0.47%) Rancher
15 20 (0.41%) Consul
16 19 (0.39%) Bosun
17 18 (0.37%) Icinga
18 17 (0.35%) vRealize
19 16 (0.33%) Graphite
Vendors
1 356 (7.28%) Google
2 331 (6.77%) Microsoft
3 308 (6.30%) Oracle
4 225 (4.60%) VMware
5 143 (2.92%) Splunk
6 120 (2.45%) SAP
7 92 (1.88%) Salesforce.com
8 86 (1.76%) Databricks
9 84 (1.72%) Red Hat
10 82 (1.68%) MuleSoft
11 81 (1.66%) Informatica
12 66 (1.35%) IBM
13 61 (1.25%) Cisco
14 48 (0.98%) Atlassian
14 48 (0.98%) Citrix
15 46 (0.94%) New Relic
16 44 (0.90%) ServiceNow
17 41 (0.84%) Cloudera
18 32 (0.65%) Adobe
19 31 (0.63%) HP