Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for OpenStack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OpenStack over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

OpenStack
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 554 483 571
Rank change year-on-year -71 +88 -87
Contract jobs citing OpenStack 133 69 276
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.23% 0.21% 0.33%
As % of the Application Platforms category 1.79% 1.42% 2.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 96 53 162
10th Percentile £381 £414 £414
25th Percentile £438 £475 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £505 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year -8.18% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £620 £650 £650
90th Percentile £700 £750 £734
UK median daily rate £505 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -8.18% - +4.76%

OpenStack is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 7,427 4,852 13,124
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.12% 14.54% 15.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,092 3,320 8,561
10th Percentile £300 £306 £268
25th Percentile £400 £400 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £569 £575
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +4.21% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 143 104 260
10th Percentile £12.32 £12.63 £11.25
25th Percentile £16.23 £15.00 £12.50
Median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £19.38
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% +3.23% -3.13%
75th Percentile £54.88 £31.63 £34.70
90th Percentile £67.80 £53.33 £52.28
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +12.50% - -

OpenStack
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing OpenStack as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for OpenStack in England

OpenStack
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing OpenStack in England.

Daily rate trend for OpenStack in England

OpenStack
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing OpenStack in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for OpenStack in England

OpenStack
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing OpenStack in England.

Hourly rate trend for OpenStack in England

OpenStack
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OpenStack within the England region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -91 59 £525 +5.00% 33
South East -19 30 £475 -26.92% 17
East of England - 28 £500 - 5
North of England -49 5 £525 -9.48% 10
North West -21 4 £525 +16.67% 8
South West -19 3 £625 +24.38% 3
Midlands -33 2 £400 - 3
West Midlands -38 2 £400 -
Yorkshire -31 1 £500 -14.53% 1
OpenStack
UK

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing OpenStack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for OpenStack.

1 71 (53.38%) Kubernetes
2 51 (38.35%) Docker
3 48 (36.09%) AWS
4 46 (34.59%) Linux
5 37 (27.82%) Red Hat
5 37 (27.82%) Open Source
6 35 (26.32%) Data Centre
7 34 (25.56%) Azure
7 34 (25.56%) Google
8 33 (24.81%) DevOps
8 33 (24.81%) GCP
9 32 (24.06%) VMware
10 30 (22.56%) Telecoms
11 29 (21.80%) Python
11 29 (21.80%) Microservices
12 28 (21.05%) Grafana
12 28 (21.05%) Cisco
13 27 (20.30%) Java
13 27 (20.30%) Juniper
13 27 (20.30%) Ansible
14 24 (18.05%) Software-Defined Networking
14 24 (18.05%) VMware ESXi
14 24 (18.05%) Jenkins
15 23 (17.29%) Git (software)
16 22 (16.54%) YAML
16 22 (16.54%) SGSN
16 22 (16.54%) Agile Software Development
16 22 (16.54%) KVM
16 22 (16.54%) Prometheus
17 21 (15.79%) 3GPP

OpenStack
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (7.52%) Apache
2 5 (3.76%) Confluence
3 4 (3.01%) Drupal
3 4 (3.01%) Tomcat
4 3 (2.26%) SAS
5 2 (1.50%) Cloud Foundry
5 2 (1.50%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (0.75%) Exchange Server 2003
6 1 (0.75%) Exchange Server 2007
6 1 (0.75%) Exchange Server 2010
6 1 (0.75%) Exchange Server 2013
6 1 (0.75%) JBoss
6 1 (0.75%) MS Exchange
6 1 (0.75%) nginx
6 1 (0.75%) Office Communications Server
6 1 (0.75%) Red Hat Fuse
6 1 (0.75%) SharePoint
6 1 (0.75%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 1 (0.75%) Microsoft Project
1 1 (0.75%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 48 (36.09%) AWS
2 34 (25.56%) Azure
3 33 (24.81%) GCP
4 11 (8.27%) SaaS
5 10 (7.52%) IaaS
6 9 (6.77%) OpenShift
6 9 (6.77%) Serverless
7 7 (5.26%) Cloud Computing
8 6 (4.51%) PaaS
9 4 (3.01%) Amazon ECS
9 4 (3.01%) Amazon EKS
10 3 (2.26%) AWS CloudFormation
11 2 (1.50%) Amazon EC2
11 2 (1.50%) Amazon ELB
11 2 (1.50%) Microsoft 365
12 1 (0.75%) Akamai
12 1 (0.75%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 1 (0.75%) CloudFront
12 1 (0.75%) GitHub
12 1 (0.75%) Tricentis Tosca
Communications & Networking
1 24 (18.05%) Software-Defined Networking
2 22 (16.54%) SGSN
3 21 (15.79%) 3GPP
4 11 (8.27%) 5G
5 8 (6.02%) Diameter Protocol
6 7 (5.26%) 4G
7 6 (4.51%) Firewall
7 6 (4.51%) TCP/IP
8 5 (3.76%) 3G
8 5 (3.76%) DNS
8 5 (3.76%) MPLS
9 4 (3.01%) BGP
9 4 (3.01%) Internet
9 4 (3.01%) LAN
9 4 (3.01%) OSPF
10 3 (2.26%) GGSN
10 3 (2.26%) iSCSI
10 3 (2.26%) SS7
10 3 (2.26%) VPN
10 3 (2.26%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12 (9.02%) MongoDB
2 8 (6.02%) Redis
3 6 (4.51%) Hadoop
4 5 (3.76%) PostgreSQL
5 4 (3.01%) Big Data
6 3 (2.26%) MySQL
7 2 (1.50%) Data Warehouse
7 2 (1.50%) Relational Database
8 1 (0.75%) Amazon RDS
8 1 (0.75%) Blockchain
8 1 (0.75%) InfluxDB
8 1 (0.75%) NuoDB
8 1 (0.75%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 24 (18.05%) Jenkins
2 23 (17.29%) Git (software)
3 13 (9.77%) JIRA
4 10 (7.52%) GitLab
5 6 (4.51%) Mockito
5 6 (4.51%) WebDriver
6 5 (3.76%) JUnit
6 5 (3.76%) Toad
7 4 (3.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 3 (2.26%) Bitbucket
8 3 (2.26%) CircleCI
8 3 (2.26%) Travis CI
8 3 (2.26%) Vagrant
9 2 (1.50%) Bitbucket Server
9 2 (1.50%) RSpec
10 1 (0.75%) Gerrit
10 1 (0.75%) Gradle
10 1 (0.75%) Hudson
10 1 (0.75%) Robot Framework
10 1 (0.75%) SonarQube
General
1 30 (22.56%) Telecoms
2 17 (12.78%) Social Skills
3 10 (7.52%) Finance
4 8 (6.02%) Analytical Skills
5 4 (3.01%) Public Sector
6 3 (2.26%) Banking
6 3 (2.26%) Billing
6 3 (2.26%) Electronics
6 3 (2.26%) Influencing Skills
7 2 (1.50%) Financial Institution
7 2 (1.50%) French Language
7 2 (1.50%) Legal
7 2 (1.50%) Manufacturing
7 2 (1.50%) Marketing
7 2 (1.50%) Presentation Skills
7 2 (1.50%) Retail
8 1 (0.75%) Documentation Skills
8 1 (0.75%) Front Office
8 1 (0.75%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 27 (20.30%) Architect
2 22 (16.54%) Cloud Engineer
3 18 (13.53%) DevOps Engineer
4 15 (11.28%) Kubernetes Engineer
5 14 (10.53%) Developer
6 13 (9.77%) Consultant
7 12 (9.02%) Java Developer
8 8 (6.02%) Cloud Developer
9 7 (5.26%) Cloud Consultant
9 7 (5.26%) Technical Architect
10 6 (4.51%) Designer
11 5 (3.76%) Azure Engineer
11 5 (3.76%) Network Designer
11 5 (3.76%) Senior Consultant
12 4 (3.01%) Cloud Architect
12 4 (3.01%) Network Engineer
12 4 (3.01%) Security Architect
12 4 (3.01%) Telecoms Engineer
12 4 (3.01%) Test Engineer
13 3 (2.26%) AWS Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (16.54%) YAML
2 19 (14.29%) JSON
2 19 (14.29%) Spine.js
2 19 (14.29%) XML
3 17 (12.78%) Spring
4 9 (6.77%) REST
5 6 (4.51%) Akka
5 6 (4.51%) Kafka
5 6 (4.51%) Memcached
5 6 (4.51%) Node.js
5 6 (4.51%) RESTEasy
5 6 (4.51%) Spring MVC
5 6 (4.51%) Swagger
5 6 (4.51%) WireMock
6 5 (3.76%) GraphQL
6 5 (3.76%) Web Services
7 4 (3.01%) AngularJS
8 3 (2.26%) Apache Camel
8 3 (2.26%) React
8 3 (2.26%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 35 (26.32%) Data Centre
2 19 (14.29%) Derivative
3 16 (12.03%) Private Cloud
4 15 (11.28%) Cloud Native
5 11 (8.27%) Hybrid Cloud
6 6 (4.51%) Data Protection Act
6 6 (4.51%) Legacy Code
7 5 (3.76%) Algorithms
7 5 (3.76%) Clustering
7 5 (3.76%) Data Structures
8 4 (3.01%) Life Science
8 4 (3.01%) Self-Motivation
9 2 (1.50%) Enterprise Cloud
9 2 (1.50%) Hedge funds
9 2 (1.50%) Legacy Systems
9 2 (1.50%) Linux Command Line
9 2 (1.50%) NHS
9 2 (1.50%) Public Cloud
9 2 (1.50%) Virtual Team
10 1 (0.75%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 46 (34.59%) Linux
2 11 (8.27%) VMS
2 11 (8.27%) Windows
3 9 (6.77%) Debian
4 8 (6.02%) Ubuntu
4 8 (6.02%) Unix
5 5 (3.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 5 (3.76%) Windows Server
5 5 (3.76%) Windows Server 2012
6 4 (3.01%) Windows Server 2016
7 2 (1.50%) Windows Server 2003
8 1 (0.75%) CentOS
8 1 (0.75%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.75%) Windows 2000 Server
8 1 (0.75%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.75%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 37 (27.82%) Open Source
2 33 (24.81%) DevOps
3 29 (21.80%) Microservices
4 22 (16.54%) Agile Software Development
5 20 (15.04%) Migration
6 15 (11.28%) Continuous Integration
7 11 (8.27%) Continuous Delivery
8 10 (7.52%) Data Protection
8 10 (7.52%) Software Engineering
9 9 (6.77%) Configuration Management
9 9 (6.77%) Cybersecurity
9 9 (6.77%) E-Commerce
9 9 (6.77%) Presales
9 9 (6.77%) Security Architecture
9 9 (6.77%) Test Automation
10 8 (6.02%) BDD
10 8 (6.02%) Infrastructure as Code
10 8 (6.02%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 8 (6.02%) Scrum
10 8 (6.02%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 29 (21.80%) Python
2 27 (20.30%) Java
3 13 (9.77%) Java 11
4 12 (9.02%) JavaScript
4 12 (9.02%) SQL
5 11 (8.27%) PowerShell
6 7 (5.26%) Perl
6 7 (5.26%) Ruby
6 7 (5.26%) Scala
7 6 (4.51%) Bash Shell
8 4 (3.01%) Go
8 4 (3.01%) Shell Script
9 3 (2.26%) Java 8
10 2 (1.50%) C
10 2 (1.50%) C++
11 1 (0.75%) PHP
11 1 (0.75%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 11 (8.27%) Security Cleared
2 8 (6.02%) SC Cleared
3 7 (5.26%) Degree
4 5 (3.76%) DV Cleared
5 4 (3.01%) Microsoft Certification
5 4 (3.01%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
6 3 (2.26%) CISSP
6 3 (2.26%) MCITP
6 3 (2.26%) MCSA
6 3 (2.26%) VCP6
7 1 (0.75%) CCNP
7 1 (0.75%) Cisco Certification
7 1 (0.75%) CTC Cleared
7 1 (0.75%) JNCIP
7 1 (0.75%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.75%) MCSE
7 1 (0.75%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.75%) OCP
7 1 (0.75%) Oracle Certification
7 1 (0.75%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (15.04%) OASIS TOSCA
2 4 (3.01%) GDPR
3 3 (2.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (1.50%) QA
5 1 (0.75%) Cyber Essentials
5 1 (0.75%) HIPAA
5 1 (0.75%) NIST
5 1 (0.75%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.75%) PMO
5 1 (0.75%) SLA
System Software
1 51 (38.35%) Docker
2 24 (18.05%) VMware ESXi
3 22 (16.54%) KVM
4 19 (14.29%) LXC
4 19 (14.29%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (6.02%) vSphere
6 6 (4.51%) Active Directory
6 6 (4.51%) vCloud
7 5 (3.76%) Hyper-V
8 4 (3.01%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (2.26%) Ceph
9 3 (2.26%) VMware NSX
10 2 (1.50%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 2 (1.50%) Postfix
11 1 (0.75%) NFS
11 1 (0.75%) QEMU
11 1 (0.75%) Samba
Systems Management
1 71 (53.38%) Kubernetes
2 28 (21.05%) Grafana
3 27 (20.30%) Ansible
4 22 (16.54%) Prometheus
5 20 (15.04%) Cloudify
5 20 (15.04%) Docker Swarm
6 19 (14.29%) Juju
6 19 (14.29%) Terraform
7 16 (12.03%) Puppet
8 9 (6.77%) Opscode Chef
9 6 (4.51%) Packer
9 6 (4.51%) vRealize Orchestrator
10 5 (3.76%) vRealize
11 3 (2.26%) Failover Clustering
11 3 (2.26%) Microsoft Clustering
11 3 (2.26%) Red Hat Satellite
11 3 (2.26%) vCenter Server
11 3 (2.26%) vMotion
12 2 (1.50%) Cobbler
12 2 (1.50%) Salt
Vendors
1 37 (27.82%) Red Hat
2 34 (25.56%) Google
3 32 (24.06%) VMware
4 28 (21.05%) Cisco
5 27 (20.30%) Juniper
6 19 (14.29%) Ericsson
6 19 (14.29%) Mirantis
7 11 (8.27%) Microsoft
8 9 (6.77%) Dell
9 6 (4.51%) HP
9 6 (4.51%) Rackspace
10 4 (3.01%) IBM
11 3 (2.26%) Fortinet
11 3 (2.26%) MuleSoft
11 3 (2.26%) Nokia
11 3 (2.26%) Pega
11 3 (2.26%) SAP
11 3 (2.26%) ServiceNow
11 3 (2.26%) WSO2
12 2 (1.50%) Arista