Period
to 30 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for OpenStack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OpenStack over the 6 months to 30 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

OpenStack
UK > England
6 months to
30 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 593 467 524
Rank change year-on-year -126 +57 -60
Contract jobs citing OpenStack 176 60 234
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.25% 0.20% 0.32%
As % of the Application Platforms category 1.94% 1.33% 2.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 134 42 140
10th Percentile £413 £351 £400
25th Percentile £475 £400 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £475 £550
Median % change year-on-year +21.05% -13.64% +10.00%
75th Percentile £688 £567 £638
90th Percentile £750 £598 £701
UK median daily rate £575 £475 £550
% change year-on-year +21.05% -13.64% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £48.50
UK median hourly rate - £66.00 £48.50
% change year-on-year - +36.08% -11.82%

OpenStack is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 9,092 4,502 10,886
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.77% 14.69% 14.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,330 3,084 7,256
10th Percentile £313 £281 £255
25th Percentile £413 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £516 £473 £450
Median % change year-on-year +9.21% +5.00% -3.23%
75th Percentile £625 £573 £550
90th Percentile £700 £664 £638
UK median daily rate £510 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +7.37% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 161 142 238
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.63 £10.60
25th Percentile £16.25 £17.72 £13.41
Median hourly rate £21.50 £24.00 £18.50
Median % change year-on-year -10.42% +29.73% -7.50%
75th Percentile £48.75 £45.81 £34.75
90th Percentile £65.00 £60.93 £52.88
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £25.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year -10.00% +21.95% +2.50%

OpenStack
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing OpenStack as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for OpenStack in England

OpenStack
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing OpenStack in England.

Daily rate trend for OpenStack in England

OpenStack
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing OpenStack in England over the 6 months to 30 November 2021.

Daily rate histogram for OpenStack in England

OpenStack
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing OpenStack in England.

Hourly rate trend for OpenStack in England

OpenStack
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OpenStack within the England region over the 6 months to 30 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -123 103 £650 +36.84% 21
South East -70 29 £475 -13.64% 17
East of England -41 20 £488 +8.33% 1
North West -49 3 £388 -13.89% 6
North of England -70 3 £388 -8.82% 7
South West -48 2 £425 -10.53% 3
West Midlands - 1 £500 -
Midlands - 1 £500 - 1
OpenStack
UK

For the 6 months to 30 November 2021, IT contractor jobs citing OpenStack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for OpenStack.

1 104 (59.09%) Kubernetes
2 93 (52.84%) Linux
3 76 (43.18%) Docker
4 74 (42.05%) AWS
4 74 (42.05%) VMware
5 72 (40.91%) DevOps
6 58 (32.95%) Azure
6 58 (32.95%) Ansible
7 57 (32.39%) Python
8 56 (31.82%) Terraform
9 55 (31.25%) GCP
10 50 (28.41%) Java
11 47 (26.70%) Cybersecurity
12 41 (23.30%) Data Protection
13 40 (22.73%) Telecoms
14 39 (22.16%) OAuth
14 39 (22.16%) Google
15 38 (21.59%) PaaS
15 38 (21.59%) vCloud
16 37 (21.02%) Red Hat
17 35 (19.89%) SSL
17 35 (19.89%) Vulnerability Management
18 34 (19.32%) Microservices
18 34 (19.32%) CA
19 33 (18.75%) Data Centre
20 32 (18.18%) Jenkins
20 32 (18.18%) JavaScript
20 32 (18.18%) Agile Software Development
21 31 (17.61%) VMware Infrastructure
21 31 (17.61%) SaaS

OpenStack
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (10.23%) nginx
2 15 (8.52%) Apache
3 8 (4.55%) Cloud Foundry
3 8 (4.55%) Tomcat
4 4 (2.27%) Drupal
4 4 (2.27%) IIS
4 4 (2.27%) JBoss
5 3 (1.70%) Confluence
6 2 (1.14%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (0.57%) Apache Spark
7 1 (0.57%) GeoServer
7 1 (0.57%) GlassFish
7 1 (0.57%) Red Hat Fuse
7 1 (0.57%) SAS
Applications
1 1 (0.57%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (1.14%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 74 (42.05%) AWS
2 58 (32.95%) Azure
3 55 (31.25%) GCP
4 38 (21.59%) PaaS
5 31 (17.61%) SaaS
6 28 (15.91%) IaaS
7 26 (14.77%) Serverless
8 16 (9.09%) AWS CloudFormation
9 15 (8.52%) Cloud Computing
10 13 (7.39%) OpenShift
11 9 (5.11%) Amazon ELB
12 7 (3.98%) Amazon EKS
13 6 (3.41%) GitHub
14 5 (2.84%) Amazon EC2
14 5 (2.84%) Amazon ECS
14 5 (2.84%) Azure Active Directory
15 3 (1.70%) Apigee
15 3 (1.70%) Datadog
16 2 (1.14%) Amazon S3
16 2 (1.14%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 35 (19.89%) SSL
2 28 (15.91%) Firewall
3 26 (14.77%) DNS
3 26 (14.77%) VPN
4 20 (11.36%) IKE
4 20 (11.36%) IPsec
5 8 (4.55%) 5G
5 8 (4.55%) LAN
5 8 (4.55%) Network Security
6 7 (3.98%) 3G
6 7 (3.98%) 4G
6 7 (3.98%) MPLS
7 5 (2.84%) 2G
7 5 (2.84%) 3GPP
7 5 (2.84%) Internet
8 4 (2.27%) BGP
8 4 (2.27%) TCP/IP
9 3 (1.70%) HTTP
9 3 (1.70%) OSPF
9 3 (1.70%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (15.91%) MongoDB
2 23 (13.07%) MySQL
2 23 (13.07%) PostgreSQL
3 21 (11.93%) Hadoop
4 14 (7.95%) Couchbase
5 7 (3.98%) Redis
6 5 (2.84%) Big Data
6 5 (2.84%) NoSQL
7 3 (1.70%) Relational Database
8 2 (1.14%) Apache Cassandra
8 2 (1.14%) SQL Server
9 1 (0.57%) BusinessObjects
9 1 (0.57%) Data Warehouse
9 1 (0.57%) HBase
9 1 (0.57%) InfluxDB
9 1 (0.57%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 32 (18.18%) Jenkins
2 30 (17.05%) Git (software)
3 15 (8.52%) Sonatype Nexus
4 13 (7.39%) GitLab
5 11 (6.25%) JIRA
6 7 (3.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 6 (3.41%) Bitbucket
7 6 (3.41%) Mockito
7 6 (3.41%) WebDriver
8 5 (2.84%) JUnit
8 5 (2.84%) Maven
9 4 (2.27%) Toad
10 3 (1.70%) CircleCI
10 3 (1.70%) RSpec
10 3 (1.70%) Selenium
10 3 (1.70%) Travis CI
11 2 (1.14%) Artifactory
11 2 (1.14%) Bitbucket Server
11 2 (1.14%) Gerrit
11 2 (1.14%) Postman
General
1 40 (22.73%) Telecoms
2 24 (13.64%) Finance
2 24 (13.64%) Games
3 15 (8.52%) Financial Institution
3 15 (8.52%) Legal
3 15 (8.52%) Social Skills
4 14 (7.95%) Analytical Skills
5 5 (2.84%) Public Sector
6 4 (2.27%) Banking
7 3 (1.70%) Influencing Skills
7 3 (1.70%) Retail
8 2 (1.14%) Billing
8 2 (1.14%) French Language
9 1 (0.57%) Organisational Skills
9 1 (0.57%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 60 (34.09%) Architect
2 35 (19.89%) Security Architect
3 27 (15.34%) Security Engineer
4 20 (11.36%) Cloud Architect
4 20 (11.36%) Developer
5 17 (9.66%) DevOps Engineer
6 16 (9.09%) AWS Architect
7 15 (8.52%) Design Engineer
8 14 (7.95%) Consultant
8 14 (7.95%) Lead Architect
8 14 (7.95%) Lead Security Architect
9 13 (7.39%) Java Developer
10 11 (6.25%) Cloud Consultant
11 10 (5.68%) Azure Architect
11 10 (5.68%) VMware Architect
12 9 (5.11%) Cloud Engineer
13 7 (3.98%) Cloud Developer
13 7 (3.98%) Telecoms Engineer
13 7 (3.98%) VMware Engineer
14 6 (3.41%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (22.16%) OAuth
2 22 (12.50%) Kafka
2 22 (12.50%) OAuth2
3 20 (11.36%) Spring
4 17 (9.66%) RabbitMQ
5 14 (7.95%) gRPC
5 14 (7.95%) JWT
6 12 (6.82%) Node.js
7 11 (6.25%) REST
8 10 (5.68%) Spring Boot
9 9 (5.11%) Elastic Stack
10 8 (4.55%) AngularJS
10 8 (4.55%) RESTful
10 8 (4.55%) Swagger
10 8 (4.55%) Web Services
10 8 (4.55%) XML
11 6 (3.41%) LDAP
11 6 (3.41%) Memcached
11 6 (3.41%) SAML
11 6 (3.41%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 33 (18.75%) Data Centre
2 30 (17.05%) Private Cloud
3 23 (13.07%) PKI
4 18 (10.23%) Hybrid Cloud
5 15 (8.52%) Enterprise Cloud
5 15 (8.52%) Hedge funds
6 11 (6.25%) Data Protection Act
6 11 (6.25%) Public Cloud
7 6 (3.41%) Cloud Native
7 6 (3.41%) Linux Command Line
8 5 (2.84%) Algorithms
8 5 (2.84%) Data Structures
9 4 (2.27%) Clustering
9 4 (2.27%) Legacy Applications
9 4 (2.27%) Legacy Systems
9 4 (2.27%) Life Science
10 3 (1.70%) DataPower
10 3 (1.70%) Derivative
10 3 (1.70%) Legacy Code
10 3 (1.70%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 93 (52.84%) Linux
2 23 (13.07%) Unix
3 21 (11.93%) Debian
4 18 (10.23%) Windows
5 14 (7.95%) Ubuntu
6 10 (5.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (5.11%) VMS
8 4 (2.27%) CentOS
9 1 (0.57%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.57%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.57%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 72 (40.91%) DevOps
2 47 (26.70%) Cybersecurity
3 41 (23.30%) Data Protection
4 35 (19.89%) Vulnerability Management
5 34 (19.32%) Microservices
6 32 (18.18%) Agile Software Development
7 29 (16.48%) Security Architecture
8 25 (14.20%) Test Automation
9 23 (13.07%) Open Source
9 23 (13.07%) Service Delivery
10 22 (12.50%) SDLC
11 21 (11.93%) Identity Access Management
12 20 (11.36%) Data Loss Prevention
12 20 (11.36%) Infrastructure as Code
12 20 (11.36%) Password Management
12 20 (11.36%) Validation
13 18 (10.23%) Decision-Making
13 18 (10.23%) DevSecOps
13 18 (10.23%) Migration
13 18 (10.23%) Observability
Programming Languages
1 57 (32.39%) Python
2 50 (28.41%) Java
3 32 (18.18%) JavaScript
4 18 (10.23%) C
4 18 (10.23%) Perl
5 17 (9.66%) C++
6 16 (9.09%) SQL
7 15 (8.52%) Java 11
8 9 (5.11%) Bash Shell
9 8 (4.55%) PowerShell
10 7 (3.98%) Go
10 7 (3.98%) Java 8
11 6 (3.41%) Scala
12 5 (2.84%) Ruby
13 3 (1.70%) Shell Script
13 3 (1.70%) TypeScript
14 2 (1.14%) C#
14 2 (1.14%) PHP
Qualifications
1 22 (12.50%) Degree
2 16 (9.09%) CISSP
3 12 (6.82%) Security Cleared
4 11 (6.25%) SC Cleared
5 6 (3.41%) Cisco Certification
6 5 (2.84%) CCIE
7 4 (2.27%) CCIE Security
8 3 (1.70%) DV Cleared
9 2 (1.14%) AWS Certification
9 2 (1.14%) CCNP
10 1 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
10 1 (0.57%) CISM
10 1 (0.57%) JNCIP
10 1 (0.57%) MCITP
10 1 (0.57%) MCSA
10 1 (0.57%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.57%) RHCE
10 1 (0.57%) RHCSA
10 1 (0.57%) VCP6
10 1 (0.57%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (9.66%) GDPR
2 4 (2.27%) QA
3 3 (1.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 3 (1.70%) OASIS TOSCA
4 1 (0.57%) Cyber Essentials
4 1 (0.57%) ISO 9000
4 1 (0.57%) SLA
System Software
1 76 (43.18%) Docker
2 38 (21.59%) vCloud
3 31 (17.61%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (11.36%) VMware Workstation
5 13 (7.39%) KVM
6 12 (6.82%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (5.11%) VMware ESXi
8 8 (4.55%) Active Directory
9 7 (3.98%) vSphere
10 6 (3.41%) Hyper-V
11 4 (2.27%) LXC
11 4 (2.27%) Xen
12 3 (1.70%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 2 (1.14%) Ceph
13 2 (1.14%) Postfix
14 1 (0.57%) GeoWebCache
14 1 (0.57%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 104 (59.09%) Kubernetes
2 58 (32.95%) Ansible
3 56 (31.82%) Terraform
4 24 (13.64%) Grafana
5 19 (10.80%) Puppet
6 18 (10.23%) Prometheus
7 14 (7.95%) Consul
7 14 (7.95%) Fluentd
7 14 (7.95%) HAProxy
7 14 (7.95%) ZABBIX
8 12 (6.82%) Opscode Chef
9 8 (4.55%) Packer
10 7 (3.98%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 4 (2.27%) Docker Swarm
11 4 (2.27%) vRealize
12 3 (1.70%) Cloudify
12 3 (1.70%) Cobbler
12 3 (1.70%) Juju
12 3 (1.70%) vCenter Server
12 3 (1.70%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 74 (42.05%) VMware
2 39 (22.16%) Google
3 37 (21.02%) Red Hat
4 34 (19.32%) CA
5 24 (13.64%) Microsoft
6 14 (7.95%) CyberArk
6 14 (7.95%) Sonatype
7 12 (6.82%) Juniper
8 11 (6.25%) Cisco
8 11 (6.25%) IBM
9 6 (3.41%) ServiceNow
10 5 (2.84%) Citrix
10 5 (2.84%) Pega
10 5 (2.84%) WSO2
11 4 (2.27%) Mirantis
12 3 (1.70%) Ericsson
12 3 (1.70%) F5
12 3 (1.70%) MuleSoft
12 3 (1.70%) Oracle
13 2 (1.14%) SaltStack