Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CI/CD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CI/CD over the 6 months to 27 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CI/CD
England > London
6 months to
27 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 14 14 16
Rank change year-on-year 0 +2 +6
Contract jobs citing CI/CD 4,111 2,660 1,758
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 10.56% 10.80% 9.04%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.55% 11.86% 10.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,983 2,004 1,332
10th Percentile £463 £425 £425
25th Percentile £525 £488 £488
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - -
75th Percentile £725 £650 £650
90th Percentile £813 £713 £725
England median daily rate £600 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +14.29% -4.55% +1.85%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 5 3
10th Percentile £74.27 £45.53 £46.29
25th Percentile £75.95 £58.71 £49.09
Median hourly rate £78.75 £60.00 £57.50
Median % change year-on-year +31.25% +4.35% +47.44%
75th Percentile £84.83 £68.36 £61.13
90th Percentile £88.47 - £61.20
England median hourly rate £65.00 £63.25 £48.85
% change year-on-year +2.77% +29.48% -2.30%

CI/CD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,591 22,421 17,415
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.43% 91.05% 89.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,011 16,034 12,535
10th Percentile £400 £350 £325
25th Percentile £475 £425 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - +0.96%
75th Percentile £688 £625 £615
90th Percentile £775 £713 £700
England median daily rate £545 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +9.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 406 233 221
10th Percentile £17.00 £15.20 £13.75
25th Percentile £23.91 £21.00 £18.50
Median hourly rate £35.50 £32.50 £27.00
Median % change year-on-year +9.23% +20.37% +22.73%
75th Percentile £50.00 £51.56 £47.38
90th Percentile £67.50 £66.35 £60.00
England median hourly rate £26.98 £24.49 £22.00
% change year-on-year +10.19% +11.30% -2.87%

CI/CD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CI/CD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CI/CD in London

CI/CD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CI/CD in London.

Daily rate trend for CI/CD in London

CI/CD
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CI/CD in London over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for CI/CD in London

CI/CD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CI/CD in London.

Hourly rate trend for CI/CD in London

CI/CD
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing CI/CD in London over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for CI/CD in London

CI/CD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CI/CD within the London region over the 6 months to 27 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +8 523 £600 +4.35% 191
South London -1 69 £600 +20.00% 24
West London -13 35 £593 +11.79% 47
East London -19 8 £565 +17.71% 45
North London - 2 £550 - 7
CI/CD
England

For the 6 months to 27 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing CI/CD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for CI/CD.

1 2,403 (58.45%) DevOps
2 1,963 (47.75%) Agile
3 1,878 (45.68%) Azure
4 1,641 (39.92%) AWS
5 1,427 (34.71%) Kubernetes
6 1,345 (32.72%) Terraform
7 1,342 (32.64%) Python
8 1,285 (31.26%) Docker
9 1,244 (30.26%) Jenkins
10 1,195 (29.07%) Java
11 1,127 (27.41%) Finance
12 941 (22.89%) Microservices
13 832 (20.24%) JavaScript
14 826 (20.09%) Git (software)
15 742 (18.05%) Social Skills
16 736 (17.90%) SQL
17 691 (16.81%) TDD
18 670 (16.30%) Test Automation
19 655 (15.93%) Infrastructure as Code
20 633 (15.40%) Software Engineering
21 607 (14.77%) C#
22 595 (14.47%) Ansible
23 559 (13.60%) GCP
24 553 (13.45%) Scrum
25 552 (13.43%) Microsoft
26 550 (13.38%) Linux
27 546 (13.28%) Continuous Integration
27 546 (13.28%) Serverless
28 543 (13.21%) React
29 528 (12.84%) .NET

CI/CD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 262 (6.37%) Confluence
2 210 (5.11%) Apache Spark
3 104 (2.53%) Elasticsearch
4 85 (2.07%) Apache
5 63 (1.53%) Apache Airflow
6 56 (1.36%) nginx
7 52 (1.26%) IIS
8 47 (1.14%) Cloud Foundry
9 34 (0.83%) OpenStack
9 34 (0.83%) Oracle Coherence
10 33 (0.80%) BizTalk Server
11 30 (0.73%) Tomcat
12 25 (0.61%) CMS
13 23 (0.56%) SharePoint
14 16 (0.39%) Traefik
14 16 (0.39%) WebSphere
15 15 (0.36%) Camunda
16 14 (0.34%) Sitefinity
17 10 (0.24%) Sitecore CMS
17 10 (0.24%) WebLogic
Applications
1 16 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.29%) MS Visio
3 9 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
4 5 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.073%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.049%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.024%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.024%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 16 (0.39%) Sentinel
2 8 (0.19%) Shopify
3 5 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 4 (0.097%) Cloudability
4 4 (0.097%) Magento
5 3 (0.073%) Bloomberg AIM
5 3 (0.073%) Oracle EBS
5 3 (0.073%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.073%) Teamcenter
6 2 (0.049%) BusinessWorks
6 2 (0.049%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.049%) R3 Corda
6 2 (0.049%) WebTrends
7 1 (0.024%) ION MarketView
7 1 (0.024%) Oracle Assets
7 1 (0.024%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.024%) Oracle iProcurement
7 1 (0.024%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.024%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 1,878 (45.68%) Azure
2 1,641 (39.92%) AWS
3 559 (13.60%) GCP
4 546 (13.28%) Serverless
5 489 (11.89%) GitHub
6 364 (8.85%) PaaS
7 284 (6.91%) AWS Lambda
8 241 (5.86%) IaaS
9 235 (5.72%) AWS CloudFormation
10 172 (4.18%) SaaS
11 169 (4.11%) Amazon S3
12 166 (4.04%) OpenShift
13 148 (3.60%) Power Platform
14 140 (3.41%) Amazon EC2
15 129 (3.14%) Azure Functions
16 126 (3.06%) Amazon EKS
17 114 (2.77%) Azure Data Factory
18 111 (2.70%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 105 (2.55%) Amazon ECS
20 96 (2.34%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 121 (2.94%) DNS
2 99 (2.41%) Firewall
3 60 (1.46%) Internet
4 56 (1.36%) HTTP
5 48 (1.17%) Network Security
6 40 (0.97%) VPN
7 37 (0.90%) SSL
8 31 (0.75%) TCP/IP
9 23 (0.56%) FTP
10 20 (0.49%) SSH
11 16 (0.39%) Reverse Proxy
12 15 (0.36%) IPv6
13 14 (0.34%) Kerberos
13 14 (0.34%) SMTP
14 12 (0.29%) DHCP
14 12 (0.29%) IPv4
14 12 (0.29%) VLAN
14 12 (0.29%) WAN
15 9 (0.22%) BGP
15 9 (0.22%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 322 (7.83%) SQL Server
2 263 (6.40%) NoSQL
3 242 (5.89%) MongoDB
4 208 (5.06%) PostgreSQL
5 177 (4.31%) Big Data
6 141 (3.43%) Relational Database
7 115 (2.80%) Data Warehouse
8 110 (2.68%) Data Lake
9 102 (2.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 100 (2.43%) Power BI
11 93 (2.26%) Amazon RDS
11 93 (2.26%) Azure SQL Database
11 93 (2.26%) MySQL
12 68 (1.65%) Delta Lake
13 60 (1.46%) Hadoop
14 56 (1.36%) Amazon Redshift
14 56 (1.36%) RDBMS
15 51 (1.24%) Oracle Database
16 49 (1.19%) Redis
17 47 (1.14%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,244 (30.26%) Jenkins
2 826 (20.09%) Git (software)
3 494 (12.02%) GitLab
4 453 (11.02%) JIRA
5 326 (7.93%) Maven
6 294 (7.15%) TeamCity
7 166 (4.04%) Cucumber
8 156 (3.79%) Gradle
9 153 (3.72%) Bitbucket
10 120 (2.92%) SonarQube
11 113 (2.75%) Selenium
12 101 (2.46%) Sonatype Nexus
13 99 (2.41%) Artifactory
14 81 (1.97%) webpack
15 74 (1.80%) CircleCI
16 73 (1.78%) Cypress.io
17 71 (1.73%) JUnit
18 56 (1.36%) Visual Studio
19 43 (1.05%) JMeter
20 42 (1.02%) git-flow
General
1 1,127 (27.41%) Finance
2 742 (18.05%) Social Skills
3 527 (12.82%) Banking
4 297 (7.22%) Analytical Skills
5 224 (5.45%) Front Office
6 198 (4.82%) Public Sector
7 170 (4.14%) Investment Banking
8 117 (2.85%) Presentation Skills
9 94 (2.29%) Legal
9 94 (2.29%) Retail
10 80 (1.95%) Financial Institution
11 77 (1.87%) Marketing
12 69 (1.68%) Telecoms
13 63 (1.53%) Influencing Skills
14 49 (1.19%) Law
15 30 (0.73%) Back Office
16 27 (0.66%) Billing
17 26 (0.63%) Documentation Skills
17 26 (0.63%) Games
18 25 (0.61%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 1,343 (32.67%) Developer
2 854 (20.77%) DevOps Engineer
3 397 (9.66%) Java Developer
4 377 (9.17%) Architect
5 356 (8.66%) AWS Engineer
6 301 (7.32%) Azure Engineer
7 247 (6.01%) Senior Developer
8 244 (5.94%) Data Engineer
9 193 (4.69%) AWS DevOps
10 191 (4.65%) Software Engineer
11 190 (4.62%) Cloud Engineer
12 179 (4.35%) .NET Developer
13 164 (3.99%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 162 (3.94%) Java Engineer
15 157 (3.82%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 156 (3.79%) Python Developer
17 154 (3.75%) Full Stack Developer
18 153 (3.72%) AWS Developer
19 129 (3.14%) Cloud Architect
20 124 (3.02%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 543 (13.21%) React
2 528 (12.84%) .NET
3 437 (10.63%) REST
4 370 (9.00%) Spring
5 363 (8.83%) Kafka
6 344 (8.37%) Node.js
7 327 (7.95%) HTML
8 315 (7.66%) CSS
9 314 (7.64%) AngularJS
10 261 (6.35%) Spring Boot
11 248 (6.03%) RESTful
12 195 (4.74%) .NET Core
13 180 (4.38%) ASP.NET
14 163 (3.96%) Web Services
15 156 (3.79%) HTML5
16 154 (3.75%) JSON
17 120 (2.92%) Flask
18 116 (2.82%) CSS3
19 115 (2.80%) ASP.NET Web API
20 111 (2.70%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 255 (6.20%) Cloud Native
2 235 (5.72%) Public Cloud
3 177 (4.31%) Greenfield Project
4 155 (3.77%) User Experience
5 152 (3.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 145 (3.53%) Hedge funds
7 122 (2.97%) Fixed Income
8 120 (2.92%) Derivative
9 115 (2.80%) Equities
10 86 (2.09%) Hybrid Cloud
11 83 (2.02%) Algorithms
12 77 (1.87%) Enterprise Software
13 73 (1.78%) Self-Motivation
14 66 (1.61%) Mobile App
15 59 (1.44%) Data Protection Act
16 57 (1.39%) Virtual Team
17 54 (1.31%) Management Information System
18 53 (1.29%) Data Structures
19 52 (1.26%) Legacy Systems
20 51 (1.24%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 550 (13.38%) Linux
2 282 (6.86%) Windows
3 161 (3.92%) Unix
4 109 (2.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 55 (1.34%) Windows Server
6 45 (1.09%) Ubuntu
7 44 (1.07%) CentOS
8 41 (1.00%) Android
8 41 (1.00%) Apple iOS
9 23 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
10 21 (0.51%) VMS
11 16 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
11 16 (0.39%) Windows Server 2019
12 11 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
13 6 (0.15%) Amazon Linux
13 6 (0.15%) Debian
13 6 (0.15%) Solaris
14 5 (0.12%) Oracle Linux
15 4 (0.097%) Mac OS
15 4 (0.097%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,403 (58.45%) DevOps
2 1,963 (47.75%) Agile
3 941 (22.89%) Microservices
4 691 (16.81%) TDD
5 670 (16.30%) Test Automation
6 655 (15.93%) Infrastructure as Code
7 633 (15.40%) Software Engineering
8 553 (13.45%) Scrum
9 546 (13.28%) Continuous Integration
10 408 (9.92%) Problem-Solving
11 400 (9.73%) Analytics
12 396 (9.63%) Full Stack Development
13 326 (7.93%) Continuous Delivery
14 322 (7.83%) Migration
15 310 (7.54%) BDD
16 282 (6.86%) Configuration Management
17 272 (6.62%) SDLC
18 238 (5.79%) Front End Development
19 236 (5.74%) Open Source
20 228 (5.55%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 1,342 (32.64%) Python
2 1,195 (29.07%) Java
3 832 (20.24%) JavaScript
4 736 (17.90%) SQL
5 607 (14.77%) C#
6 369 (8.98%) PowerShell
7 326 (7.93%) Bash
8 318 (7.74%) TypeScript
9 230 (5.59%) Go
10 152 (3.70%) Scala
11 105 (2.55%) Ruby
12 101 (2.46%) Shell Script
13 92 (2.24%) Kotlin
14 85 (2.07%) C++
14 85 (2.07%) Groovy
15 59 (1.44%) ES6
16 51 (1.24%) T-SQL
17 38 (0.92%) PL/SQL
18 34 (0.83%) Perl
19 31 (0.75%) C
Qualifications
1 322 (7.83%) Security Cleared
2 294 (7.15%) SC Cleared
3 166 (4.04%) Degree
4 51 (1.24%) AWS Certification
5 48 (1.17%) Computer Science Degree
6 34 (0.83%) DV Cleared
7 26 (0.63%) CISSP
8 23 (0.56%) Numerate Degree
9 20 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
10 15 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
11 14 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
11 14 (0.34%) CISM
11 14 (0.34%) FFIEC
11 14 (0.34%) ISTQB
12 11 (0.27%) PMP
12 11 (0.27%) SANS
13 9 (0.22%) CISA
13 9 (0.22%) MCSE
14 8 (0.19%) Master's Degree
15 6 (0.15%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 218 (5.30%) QA
2 72 (1.75%) Accessibility
3 64 (1.56%) GDPR
4 46 (1.12%) Data Quality
5 31 (0.75%) NIST
6 21 (0.51%) SLA
7 20 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 15 (0.36%) COBIT
8 15 (0.36%) NCSC
8 15 (0.36%) PCI DSS
9 14 (0.34%) GLBA
10 6 (0.15%) MiFID
10 6 (0.15%) WCAG
11 5 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.073%) Cyber Essentials
12 3 (0.073%) NIST 800
12 3 (0.073%) OASIS TOSCA
12 3 (0.073%) PMO
13 2 (0.049%) Disclosure Scotland
13 2 (0.049%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 1,285 (31.26%) Docker
2 108 (2.63%) Active Directory
3 49 (1.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 42 (1.02%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (0.39%) NFS
6 14 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
7 13 (0.32%) Ceph
8 10 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 10 (0.24%) vCloud
9 9 (0.22%) HDFS
10 7 (0.17%) Hyper-V
11 5 (0.12%) VirtualBox
11 5 (0.12%) VMware Workstation
12 4 (0.097%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 4 (0.097%) vSphere
12 4 (0.097%) XenApp
13 3 (0.073%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 3 (0.073%) OpenAM
13 3 (0.073%) Oracle RAC
13 3 (0.073%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 1,427 (34.71%) Kubernetes
2 1,345 (32.72%) Terraform
3 595 (14.47%) Ansible
4 173 (4.21%) Puppet
5 142 (3.45%) Grafana
6 126 (3.06%) Prometheus
7 113 (2.75%) Opscode Chef
8 85 (2.07%) Istio
9 71 (1.73%) Packer
10 46 (1.12%) Consul
11 38 (0.92%) ITRS Geneos
12 37 (0.90%) Kibana
12 37 (0.90%) ZABBIX
13 34 (0.83%) Docker Swarm
14 33 (0.80%) logstash
15 21 (0.51%) HAProxy
16 20 (0.49%) Nagios
17 16 (0.39%) Rancher
17 16 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
18 15 (0.36%) Active Directory Federation Services
Vendors
1 552 (13.43%) Microsoft
2 263 (6.40%) Google
3 241 (5.86%) Oracle
4 200 (4.86%) Databricks
5 156 (3.79%) Splunk
6 87 (2.12%) Salesforce.com
7 77 (1.87%) VMware
8 75 (1.82%) Red Hat
9 62 (1.51%) AppDynamics
10 56 (1.36%) Atlassian
11 53 (1.29%) IBM
12 44 (1.07%) SAP
13 43 (1.05%) MuleSoft
14 36 (0.88%) ServiceNow
15 35 (0.85%) Sitecore
16 34 (0.83%) Informatica
17 33 (0.80%) Dynatrace
18 27 (0.66%) CyberArk
18 27 (0.66%) Pega
19 26 (0.63%) Cloudera