Period
to 16 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
England > London
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 49 51 54
Rank change year-on-year +2 +3 +29
Contract jobs citing REST 2,309 2,128 1,877
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.97% 4.51% 4.22%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.67% 12.21% 12.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,751 1,624 1,435
London median daily rate £550 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £413 £386 £350
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
England median daily rate £513 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +7.89% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 2 2
London median hourly rate £47.50 £94.95 £19.23
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -49.97% +393.76% -56.30%
England median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £31.50
% change year-on-year - +42.86% -16.00%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,228 17,425 15,534
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 39.22% 36.91% 34.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,781 13,353 11,557
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £374 £350 £323
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £480 £470 £425
% change year-on-year +2.13% +10.59% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 81 100 74
London median hourly rate £36.00 £29.00 £42.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +24.14% -31.16% +13.85%
10th Percentile £24.11 £19.00 £19.23
90th Percentile £57.50 £47.83 £57.32
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the London region over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 518 £550 +10.28% 124
South London -28 114 £550 - 18
East London +14 83 £563 +4.65% 32
West London +13 82 £475 -5.47% 60
North London +1 12 £450 +4.35% 3
REST
England

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for REST.

1 1,268 (54.92%) Agile Software Development
2 1,249 (54.09%) Java
3 882 (38.20%) TDD
4 792 (34.30%) JavaScript
5 724 (31.36%) Git (software)
6 710 (30.75%) Microservices
7 584 (25.29%) Spring
8 558 (24.17%) BDD
9 551 (23.86%) HTML
10 539 (23.34%) Web Services
11 533 (23.08%) Jenkins
12 521 (22.56%) Amazon AWS
13 482 (20.87%) AngularJS
13 482 (20.87%) Docker
14 479 (20.74%) Java 8
15 461 (19.97%) Finance
16 460 (19.92%) CSS
17 449 (19.45%) DevOps
18 448 (19.40%) Scrum
19 444 (19.23%) SOAP
20 441 (19.10%) JSON
21 438 (18.97%) Test Automation
22 405 (17.54%) JIRA
23 400 (17.32%) Continuous Integration
23 400 (17.32%) Node.js
24 382 (16.54%) SQL
25 361 (15.63%) Maven
26 353 (15.29%) Banking
27 335 (14.51%) React
28 325 (14.08%) .NET

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 283 (12.26%) Confluence
2 162 (7.02%) Elasticsearch
3 69 (2.99%) Apache Spark
4 68 (2.94%) Apache
5 66 (2.86%) WildFly
6 50 (2.17%) Mule
7 45 (1.95%) IIS
8 41 (1.78%) Tomcat
9 34 (1.47%) CMS
10 26 (1.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 25 (1.08%) JBoss
11 25 (1.08%) MQSeries
11 25 (1.08%) WebSphere
12 21 (0.91%) Jetty
13 20 (0.87%) Anypoint
14 19 (0.82%) Cloud Foundry
14 19 (0.82%) SharePoint
15 18 (0.78%) Mule ESB
16 16 (0.69%) Apache Solr
16 16 (0.69%) WebLogic
Applications
1 23 (1.00%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (0.78%) MS Visio
3 10 (0.43%) Photoshop
3 10 (0.43%) Spreadsheet
4 6 (0.26%) Fireworks
5 4 (0.17%) InfoPath
6 3 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
7 2 (0.087%) GIMP
7 2 (0.087%) GNU Octave
8 1 (0.043%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.043%) HipChat
8 1 (0.043%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.043%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.043%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 5 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
1 5 (0.22%) Markit EDM
1 5 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
2 4 (0.17%) NetSuite
2 4 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
2 4 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
3 3 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 3 (0.13%) Workday HCM
4 2 (0.087%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.087%) Magento
4 2 (0.087%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.087%) Oracle Financials
4 2 (0.087%) Orchard Housing
4 2 (0.087%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.043%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.043%) Oracle 11i
5 1 (0.043%) Oracle iProcurement
5 1 (0.043%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 521 (22.56%) Amazon AWS
2 278 (12.04%) Microsoft Azure
3 99 (4.29%) Serverless
4 86 (3.72%) GitHub
5 64 (2.77%) Google Cloud Platform
6 59 (2.56%) AWS Lambda
6 59 (2.56%) Heroku
7 51 (2.21%) Apigee
7 51 (2.21%) PaaS
8 40 (1.73%) SaaS
9 38 (1.65%) Amazon S3
10 37 (1.60%) OpenShift
11 26 (1.13%) Amazon EC2
12 25 (1.08%) npm
13 24 (1.04%) Azure Functions
14 14 (0.61%) Office 365
15 12 (0.52%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 12 (0.52%) Amazon SQS
15 12 (0.52%) AWS CloudFormation
16 11 (0.48%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 168 (7.28%) HTTP
2 56 (2.43%) SSL
3 53 (2.30%) DNS
4 51 (2.21%) TCP/IP
5 29 (1.26%) FTP
6 26 (1.13%) Internet
7 22 (0.95%) HTTPS
8 21 (0.91%) AMQP
9 19 (0.82%) Firewall
10 15 (0.65%) SSH
11 13 (0.56%) X.509
12 12 (0.52%) Kerberos
13 8 (0.35%) OpenLDAP
13 8 (0.35%) OpenVPN
14 7 (0.30%) LAN
14 7 (0.30%) Unified Communications
15 6 (0.26%) DHCP
15 6 (0.26%) Junos
15 6 (0.26%) Reverse Proxy
15 6 (0.26%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 280 (12.13%) Relational Database
2 233 (10.09%) MongoDB
3 219 (9.48%) PostgreSQL
4 218 (9.44%) SQL Server
5 206 (8.92%) NoSQL
6 153 (6.63%) MySQL
7 135 (5.85%) Big Data
8 111 (4.81%) RDBMS
9 102 (4.42%) Apache Cassandra
10 81 (3.51%) Hadoop
11 71 (3.07%) HBase
12 57 (2.47%) Couchbase
13 46 (1.99%) Redis
14 32 (1.39%) Oracle Database
15 26 (1.13%) Cosmos DB
15 26 (1.13%) Data Lake
16 24 (1.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 24 (1.04%) Amazon RDS
16 24 (1.04%) Neo4j
17 22 (0.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 724 (31.36%) Git (software)
2 533 (23.08%) Jenkins
3 405 (17.54%) JIRA
4 361 (15.63%) Maven
5 217 (9.40%) JUnit
6 176 (7.62%) Selenium
7 142 (6.15%) Mockito
8 139 (6.02%) Cucumber
9 119 (5.15%) Subversion
10 113 (4.89%) TeamCity
11 100 (4.33%) Gradle
12 90 (3.90%) SonarQube
13 76 (3.29%) Vagrant
14 73 (3.16%) Bitbucket
14 73 (3.16%) Liquibase
15 67 (2.90%) webpack
16 66 (2.86%) Checkstyle
17 65 (2.82%) Mocha
18 63 (2.73%) gulp
19 59 (2.56%) WebDriver
General
1 461 (19.97%) Finance
2 353 (15.29%) Banking
3 105 (4.55%) Retail
4 83 (3.59%) Investment Banking
5 53 (2.30%) Front Office
6 42 (1.82%) Games
7 38 (1.65%) Marketing
8 32 (1.39%) Advertising
9 26 (1.13%) Legal
10 23 (1.00%) Financial Institution
11 18 (0.78%) Law
11 18 (0.78%) Publishing
12 17 (0.74%) Telecoms
13 16 (0.69%) Back Office
14 14 (0.61%) French Language
15 13 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
16 10 (0.43%) Manufacturing
17 9 (0.39%) Electronics
17 9 (0.39%) German Language
18 8 (0.35%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,692 (73.28%) Developer
2 730 (31.62%) Java Developer
3 249 (10.78%) Senior Developer
4 210 (9.09%) Full Stack Developer
5 175 (7.58%) .NET Developer
6 158 (6.84%) C# Developer
7 142 (6.15%) Architect
8 141 (6.11%) React Developer
9 134 (5.80%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 134 (5.80%) Senior Java Developer
10 132 (5.72%) Angular Developer
11 109 (4.72%) AWS Developer
12 102 (4.42%) JavaScript Developer
13 100 (4.33%) Node.js Developer
14 98 (4.24%) Lead Developer
15 88 (3.81%) Agile Developer
16 77 (3.33%) C# .NET Developer
17 70 (3.03%) Lead Java Developer
18 67 (2.90%) Software Engineer
19 58 (2.51%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 584 (25.29%) Spring
2 551 (23.86%) HTML
3 539 (23.34%) Web Services
4 482 (20.87%) AngularJS
5 460 (19.92%) CSS
6 444 (19.23%) SOAP
7 441 (19.10%) JSON
8 400 (17.32%) Node.js
9 335 (14.51%) React
10 325 (14.08%) .NET
11 292 (12.65%) Spring Boot
12 278 (12.04%) Hibernate
13 273 (11.82%) HTML5
14 241 (10.44%) RESTful
15 227 (9.83%) Kafka
16 198 (8.58%) JMS
17 179 (7.75%) XML
18 167 (7.23%) Redux
19 147 (6.37%) OAuth
20 138 (5.98%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 186 (8.06%) Greenfield Project
2 128 (5.54%) User Experience
3 126 (5.46%) Fintech
4 98 (4.24%) Analytical Skills
4 98 (4.24%) Mobile App
5 96 (4.16%) Algorithms
6 78 (3.38%) Linux Command Line
7 65 (2.82%) Data Structures
8 42 (1.82%) Fixed Income
9 40 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
10 35 (1.52%) Data Centre
11 31 (1.34%) Enterprise Software
12 30 (1.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 26 (1.13%) Public Cloud
14 20 (0.87%) Clustering
14 20 (0.87%) Online Banking
15 18 (0.78%) Fat Client
15 18 (0.78%) PKI
15 18 (0.78%) Thin Client
16 17 (0.74%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 245 (10.61%) Linux
2 221 (9.57%) Unix
3 101 (4.37%) Windows
4 86 (3.72%) Android
5 76 (3.29%) Apple iOS
6 64 (2.77%) VMS
7 27 (1.17%) Windows Server
8 24 (1.04%) Mac OS X
9 20 (0.87%) Ubuntu
10 12 (0.52%) CentOS
11 4 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 4 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.043%) Debian
12 1 (0.043%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,268 (54.92%) Agile Software Development
2 882 (38.20%) TDD
3 710 (30.75%) Microservices
4 558 (24.17%) BDD
5 449 (19.45%) DevOps
6 448 (19.40%) Scrum
7 438 (18.97%) Test Automation
8 400 (17.32%) Continuous Integration
9 264 (11.43%) MVC
10 231 (10.00%) OO
11 225 (9.74%) Front End Development
12 201 (8.71%) Open Source
13 200 (8.66%) SOA
14 198 (8.58%) Software Engineering
15 193 (8.36%) Kanban
16 181 (7.84%) Unit Testing
17 169 (7.32%) Pair Programming
18 156 (6.76%) Continuous Delivery
19 131 (5.67%) Domain-Driven Design
20 125 (5.41%) API Development
Programming Languages
1 1,249 (54.09%) Java
2 792 (34.30%) JavaScript
3 479 (20.74%) Java 8
4 382 (16.54%) SQL
5 323 (13.99%) C#
6 239 (10.35%) Python
7 168 (7.28%) TypeScript
8 156 (6.76%) ES6
9 111 (4.81%) Go
10 85 (3.68%) Scala
11 74 (3.20%) Groovy
11 74 (3.20%) Ruby
12 65 (2.82%) JPQL
13 51 (2.21%) PHP
14 49 (2.12%) Bash Shell
15 48 (2.08%) PL/SQL
16 40 (1.73%) Java 9
17 32 (1.39%) C++
18 30 (1.30%) C
19 25 (1.08%) Perl
Qualifications
1 186 (8.06%) Security Cleared
2 150 (6.50%) SC Cleared
3 104 (4.50%) Degree
4 37 (1.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 33 (1.43%) BPSS Clearance
6 20 (0.87%) DV Cleared
7 19 (0.82%) Numerate Degree
8 13 (0.56%) ITIL Certification
9 11 (0.48%) Master's Degree
10 8 (0.35%) AWS Certification
10 8 (0.35%) ISEB
10 8 (0.35%) ISTQB
11 6 (0.26%) CTC Cleared
11 6 (0.26%) Sun Certification
12 4 (0.17%) CISSP
13 3 (0.13%) CCNA
13 3 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
13 3 (0.13%) DBS Check
14 2 (0.087%) CCSA
14 2 (0.087%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 143 (6.19%) QA
2 11 (0.48%) PSD2
3 10 (0.43%) Disclosure Scotland
4 9 (0.39%) GDPR
5 7 (0.30%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.30%) SEPA
6 5 (0.22%) MiFID
7 4 (0.17%) TARGET2
8 3 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
8 3 (0.13%) EMIR
8 3 (0.13%) WCAG
9 2 (0.087%) FATCA
9 2 (0.087%) HL7
9 2 (0.087%) PMO
10 1 (0.043%) IFRS
10 1 (0.043%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.043%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.043%) OASIS TOSCA
10 1 (0.043%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.043%) Solvency II
System Software
1 482 (20.87%) Docker
2 17 (0.74%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (0.39%) HDFS
4 9 (0.39%) OpenAM
4 9 (0.39%) vCloud
5 8 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 8 (0.35%) Postfix
5 8 (0.35%) Squid
5 8 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.17%) VirtualBox
6 4 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (0.17%) vSphere
7 3 (0.13%) OpenDJ
8 2 (0.087%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.087%) KVM
8 2 (0.087%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.043%) iptables
9 1 (0.043%) NFS
Systems Management
1 249 (10.78%) Kubernetes
2 105 (4.55%) Ansible
3 87 (3.77%) Terraform
4 44 (1.91%) Kibana
5 37 (1.60%) Docker Swarm
6 35 (1.52%) logstash
6 35 (1.52%) Puppet
7 26 (1.13%) Single Sign-On
8 21 (0.91%) Rancher
9 17 (0.74%) Opscode Chef
10 16 (0.69%) Grafana
11 13 (0.56%) ZABBIX
12 12 (0.52%) CloudHub
13 11 (0.48%) Prometheus
14 8 (0.35%) Rsyslog
14 8 (0.35%) Salt
14 8 (0.35%) Sysdig
15 7 (0.30%) HP Quality Center
16 6 (0.26%) Consul
16 6 (0.26%) Mesos
Vendors
1 149 (6.45%) Oracle
2 140 (6.06%) Microsoft
3 93 (4.03%) Google
4 58 (2.51%) Salesforce.com
5 53 (2.30%) MuleSoft
6 44 (1.91%) Atlassian
7 34 (1.47%) Splunk
8 33 (1.43%) IBM
9 31 (1.34%) ServiceNow
10 25 (1.08%) VMware
11 24 (1.04%) SAP
12 21 (0.91%) CA
13 18 (0.78%) Sybase
14 17 (0.74%) CyberArk
15 13 (0.56%) HP
15 13 (0.56%) Talend
16 12 (0.52%) Adobe
16 12 (0.52%) AppDynamics
16 12 (0.52%) Terracotta
17 11 (0.48%) Apple