Period
to 16 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 16 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
England > London
6 months to
16 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 68 52 54
Rank change year-on-year -16 +2 +6
Contract jobs citing REST 1,453 2,155 1,992
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.74% 4.77% 4.54%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.34% 12.10% 12.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,049 1,645 1,471
London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £411 £413 £375
90th Percentile £675 £640 £638
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 6 8
London median hourly rate £42.12 £45.00 £39.03
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.39% +15.31% +102.94%
10th Percentile £34.75 £42.50 £19.25
90th Percentile £52.63 £61.25 £93.35
England median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% - +41.07%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 14,048 17,809 16,144
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.12% 39.40% 36.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,476 13,451 12,113
London median daily rate £525 £520 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £375 £370 £350
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 68 91 104
London median hourly rate £49.57 £43.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.94% +24.29% -12.50%
10th Percentile £20.13 £20.95 £18.15
90th Percentile £122.50 £72.50 £51.40
England median hourly rate £44.57 £41.77 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.70% +4.41% +11.11%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 16 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 16 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the London region over the 6 months to 16 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -26 287 £550 +4.76% 125
East London +9 61 £550 +22.22% 29
West London +3 59 £525 +5.00% 61
South London -6 54 £500 -9.09% 15
North London -2 1 £525 -30.00% 6
REST
England

For the 6 months to 16 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for REST.

1 799 (54.99%) Agile Software Development
2 594 (40.88%) JavaScript
3 591 (40.67%) Java
4 478 (32.90%) TDD
4 478 (32.90%) Microservices
5 360 (24.78%) SOAP
6 349 (24.02%) Git (software)
7 347 (23.88%) SQL
8 345 (23.74%) Web Services
9 329 (22.64%) Docker
10 318 (21.89%) DevOps
11 314 (21.61%) HTML
12 303 (20.85%) AWS
13 295 (20.30%) Scrum
14 290 (19.96%) JSON
15 287 (19.75%) CSS
16 279 (19.20%) Spring
17 274 (18.86%) Azure
17 274 (18.86%) Jenkins
18 268 (18.44%) AngularJS
19 254 (17.48%) Python
20 242 (16.66%) Finance
21 241 (16.59%) BDD
22 237 (16.31%) .NET
23 235 (16.17%) C#
24 231 (15.90%) Node.js
25 230 (15.83%) React
26 202 (13.90%) Test Automation
27 198 (13.63%) Linux
28 196 (13.49%) Continuous Integration

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 119 (8.19%) Confluence
2 73 (5.02%) Elasticsearch
3 50 (3.44%) Apache
4 41 (2.82%) SharePoint
5 29 (2.00%) CMS
6 26 (1.79%) Tomcat
7 25 (1.72%) Apache Spark
8 23 (1.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 21 (1.45%) JBoss
10 19 (1.31%) Apache Solr
11 16 (1.10%) GeoServer
12 15 (1.03%) ArcGIS
13 14 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
13 14 (0.96%) Magnolia
13 14 (0.96%) WebSphere
14 13 (0.89%) IIS
15 12 (0.83%) Mule
15 12 (0.83%) nginx
16 10 (0.69%) WebLogic
17 9 (0.62%) Drupal
Applications
1 8 (0.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.28%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.14%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.14%) InfoPath
5 1 (0.069%) Adobe Premiere
5 1 (0.069%) GIMP
5 1 (0.069%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.069%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 20 (1.38%) Adobe Campaign
2 17 (1.17%) Dynamics CRM
3 13 (0.89%) Dynamics AX
4 12 (0.83%) Dynamics NAV
5 11 (0.76%) Distributed Ledger
6 7 (0.48%) R3 Corda
7 6 (0.41%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 4 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.28%) Temenos T24
8 4 (0.28%) thinkFolio
9 2 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
9 2 (0.14%) Fredhopper
9 2 (0.14%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
9 2 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
10 1 (0.069%) Magento
10 1 (0.069%) Remedy ITSM
10 1 (0.069%) SAP Hybris
10 1 (0.069%) Social Studio
10 1 (0.069%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 303 (20.85%) AWS
2 274 (18.86%) Azure
3 79 (5.44%) GCP
4 51 (3.51%) GitHub
5 38 (2.62%) Serverless
6 32 (2.20%) OpenShift
7 30 (2.06%) Apigee
8 29 (2.00%) Power Platform
8 29 (2.00%) SaaS
9 28 (1.93%) PaaS
10 25 (1.72%) Office 365
11 23 (1.58%) npm
12 21 (1.45%) Amazon EC2
13 19 (1.31%) Dynamics 365
14 18 (1.24%) Amazon SQS
15 16 (1.10%) AWS Lambda
16 13 (0.89%) Adobe Analytics
16 13 (0.89%) Salesforce Service Cloud
17 11 (0.76%) Azure Active Directory
17 11 (0.76%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 98 (6.74%) HTTP
2 38 (2.62%) FTP
3 26 (1.79%) TCP/IP
4 22 (1.51%) DNS
5 21 (1.45%) SSL
6 11 (0.76%) Internet
7 10 (0.69%) HTTPS
8 9 (0.62%) MQTT
8 9 (0.62%) Reverse Proxy
9 7 (0.48%) Firewall
9 7 (0.48%) VPN
10 6 (0.41%) AMQP
10 6 (0.41%) Ethernet
10 6 (0.41%) MPLS
10 6 (0.41%) SNMP
11 5 (0.34%) Intranet
11 5 (0.34%) SMS
12 4 (0.28%) SMTP
12 4 (0.28%) WAN
13 3 (0.21%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 176 (12.11%) NoSQL
2 171 (11.77%) SQL Server
3 138 (9.50%) PostgreSQL
4 127 (8.74%) MongoDB
5 109 (7.50%) Relational Database
6 97 (6.68%) MySQL
7 65 (4.47%) Apache Cassandra
8 52 (3.58%) Big Data
9 48 (3.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 35 (2.41%) Redis
11 33 (2.27%) RDBMS
12 30 (2.06%) Hadoop
13 27 (1.86%) Blockchain
14 25 (1.72%) HBase
14 25 (1.72%) Power BI
15 21 (1.45%) Amazon RDS
16 15 (1.03%) GIS
16 15 (1.03%) Neo4j
17 14 (0.96%) Data Warehouse
17 14 (0.96%) QGIS
Development Applications
1 349 (24.02%) Git (software)
2 274 (18.86%) Jenkins
3 157 (10.81%) JIRA
4 97 (6.68%) Maven
5 73 (5.02%) JUnit
5 73 (5.02%) Selenium
6 71 (4.89%) Subversion
7 57 (3.92%) TeamCity
8 52 (3.58%) Cucumber
9 50 (3.44%) Gradle
10 49 (3.37%) GitLab
11 46 (3.17%) gulp
12 45 (3.10%) Mockito
13 41 (2.82%) webpack
14 39 (2.68%) Bitbucket
14 39 (2.68%) SonarQube
15 36 (2.48%) Visual Studio Team System
16 34 (2.34%) Babel
17 33 (2.27%) Octopus Deploy
18 27 (1.86%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 242 (16.66%) Finance
2 156 (10.74%) Banking
3 59 (4.06%) Retail
4 53 (3.65%) Marketing
5 51 (3.51%) Front Office
6 35 (2.41%) Public Sector
7 27 (1.86%) Games
8 24 (1.65%) Telecoms
9 22 (1.51%) Advertising
9 22 (1.51%) Investment Banking
10 14 (0.96%) Publishing
11 12 (0.83%) Legal
12 10 (0.69%) Pharmaceutical
13 9 (0.62%) Law
14 8 (0.55%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.41%) Financial Institution
16 5 (0.34%) Electronics
17 4 (0.28%) Back Office
17 4 (0.28%) Manufacturing
17 4 (0.28%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 996 (68.55%) Developer
2 280 (19.27%) Java Developer
3 156 (10.74%) Architect
4 149 (10.25%) Senior Developer
5 121 (8.33%) .NET Developer
6 118 (8.12%) React Developer
7 101 (6.95%) Full Stack Developer
8 98 (6.74%) Python Developer
9 74 (5.09%) C# Developer
10 71 (4.89%) Solutions Architect
11 70 (4.82%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 68 (4.68%) JavaScript Developer
13 66 (4.54%) Angular Developer
14 56 (3.85%) Senior Java Developer
15 50 (3.44%) C# .NET Developer
16 48 (3.30%) Agile Developer
17 41 (2.82%) AWS Developer
18 40 (2.75%) Lead Developer
19 36 (2.48%) Analyst
20 35 (2.41%) Android Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 360 (24.78%) SOAP
2 345 (23.74%) Web Services
3 314 (21.61%) HTML
4 290 (19.96%) JSON
5 287 (19.75%) CSS
6 279 (19.20%) Spring
7 268 (18.44%) AngularJS
8 237 (16.31%) .NET
9 231 (15.90%) Node.js
10 230 (15.83%) React
11 177 (12.18%) XML
12 158 (10.87%) Spring Boot
13 142 (9.77%) HTML5
14 139 (9.57%) Kafka
15 137 (9.43%) RESTful
16 113 (7.78%) Redux
17 99 (6.81%) ASP.NET Web API
18 81 (5.57%) Hibernate
19 78 (5.37%) CSS3
19 78 (5.37%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 112 (7.71%) User Experience
2 101 (6.95%) Mobile App
3 69 (4.75%) Greenfield Project
4 64 (4.40%) Algorithms
5 60 (4.13%) Analytical Skills
6 58 (3.99%) Enterprise Software
7 52 (3.58%) Data Structures
8 37 (2.55%) Derivative
9 35 (2.41%) Linux Command Line
10 28 (1.93%) Fixed Income
11 26 (1.79%) Self-Motivation
11 26 (1.79%) Video on Demand
12 22 (1.51%) Hedge funds
13 20 (1.38%) Data Centre
13 20 (1.38%) Public Cloud
14 19 (1.31%) Management Information System
15 18 (1.24%) Client/Server
15 18 (1.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 18 (1.24%) Video\Live Streaming
16 16 (1.10%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 198 (13.63%) Linux
2 75 (5.16%) Android
3 62 (4.27%) Apple iOS
4 57 (3.92%) Windows
5 53 (3.65%) Unix
6 14 (0.96%) Mac OS X
7 8 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.41%) CentOS
9 5 (0.34%) Embedded Linux
9 5 (0.34%) Mac OS
9 5 (0.34%) Solaris
10 3 (0.21%) Mac OS X Server
11 2 (0.14%) Fedora
11 2 (0.14%) VMS
11 2 (0.14%) Windows Server
11 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.069%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 799 (54.99%) Agile Software Development
2 478 (32.90%) Microservices
2 478 (32.90%) TDD
3 318 (21.89%) DevOps
4 295 (20.30%) Scrum
5 241 (16.59%) BDD
6 202 (13.90%) Test Automation
7 196 (13.49%) Continuous Integration
8 154 (10.60%) Kanban
9 139 (9.57%) Front End Development
10 135 (9.29%) MVC
11 133 (9.15%) Unit Testing
12 131 (9.02%) OO
13 129 (8.88%) Software Engineering
14 107 (7.36%) SOA
15 100 (6.88%) Open Source
16 97 (6.68%) Web Development
17 93 (6.40%) SDLC
18 90 (6.19%) Pair Programming
19 87 (5.99%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 594 (40.88%) JavaScript
2 591 (40.67%) Java
3 347 (23.88%) SQL
4 254 (17.48%) Python
5 235 (16.17%) C#
6 175 (12.04%) Java 8
7 130 (8.95%) TypeScript
8 66 (4.54%) Scala
9 60 (4.13%) ES6
10 55 (3.79%) Apex Code
11 48 (3.30%) Ruby
12 46 (3.17%) Go
12 46 (3.17%) Kotlin
13 42 (2.89%) Shell Script
14 33 (2.27%) T-SQL
15 31 (2.13%) Bash Shell
16 30 (2.06%) PHP
17 24 (1.65%) PowerShell
18 23 (1.58%) SOQL
19 22 (1.51%) C++
Qualifications
1 95 (6.54%) Degree
2 82 (5.64%) Security Cleared
3 74 (5.09%) SC Cleared
4 26 (1.79%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (0.41%) Master's Degree
6 3 (0.21%) CISSP
6 3 (0.21%) CTC Cleared
6 3 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
7 2 (0.14%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
7 2 (0.14%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.14%) PMI Certification
7 2 (0.14%) PMP
7 2 (0.14%) Sun Certification
8 1 (0.069%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 1 (0.069%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.069%) CESG Certified Professional
8 1 (0.069%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.069%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.069%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (5.64%) QA
2 9 (0.62%) GDPR
3 7 (0.48%) PSD2
3 7 (0.48%) SLA
4 6 (0.41%) MiFID
5 4 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.21%) GxP
7 2 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
7 2 (0.14%) EMIR
7 2 (0.14%) HL7
7 2 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 2 (0.14%) NIST
7 2 (0.14%) SEPA
8 1 (0.069%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.069%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.069%) FATCA
8 1 (0.069%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 329 (22.64%) Docker
2 18 (1.24%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.34%) Firmware
5 4 (0.28%) NFS
6 3 (0.21%) HDFS
6 3 (0.21%) vSphere
7 1 (0.069%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.069%) GridGain
7 1 (0.069%) Varnish
7 1 (0.069%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.069%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.069%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 168 (11.56%) Kubernetes
2 55 (3.79%) Terraform
3 49 (3.37%) Ansible
4 15 (1.03%) Puppet
5 13 (0.89%) Docker Swarm
6 12 (0.83%) Kibana
7 11 (0.76%) Grafana
8 9 (0.62%) Consul
8 9 (0.62%) Graphite
8 9 (0.62%) logstash
8 9 (0.62%) Single Sign-On
8 9 (0.62%) ZABBIX
9 7 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
10 6 (0.41%) Hadoop YARN
11 5 (0.34%) ITRS Geneos
12 4 (0.28%) MIIS
13 3 (0.21%) Jamf Pro
13 3 (0.21%) Tivoli Storage Manager
14 2 (0.14%) FortiGate
14 2 (0.14%) Mesos
Vendors
1 118 (8.12%) Oracle
2 96 (6.61%) Microsoft
3 82 (5.64%) Salesforce.com
4 75 (5.16%) Google
5 43 (2.96%) MuleSoft
6 33 (2.27%) ServiceNow
7 26 (1.79%) Adobe
8 25 (1.72%) Red Hat
9 23 (1.58%) Splunk
10 21 (1.45%) IBM
11 17 (1.17%) CA
12 15 (1.03%) ESRI
13 14 (0.96%) Informatica
13 14 (0.96%) SAP
14 12 (0.83%) Nintex
15 11 (0.76%) Alteryx
15 11 (0.76%) hybris
15 11 (0.76%) VMware
16 10 (0.69%) SaltStack
16 10 (0.69%) TIBCO