Period
to 20 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 20 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
England > London
6 months to
20 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 56 53 62
Rank change year-on-year -3 +9 +12
Contract jobs citing REST 1,849 2,042 1,398
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.58% 4.47% 3.52%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.40% 12.27% 10.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,330 1,546 1,013
London median daily rate £550 £513 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.32% +7.89% -5.00%
10th Percentile £400 £400 £350
90th Percentile £669 £625 £638
England median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -2.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 18 9
London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £51.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +62.79% -58.05% -
10th Percentile £32.50 £19.13 £19.25
90th Percentile £44.75 £47.50 £82.50
England median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year +17.65% -15.00% +29.03%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 14,912 16,641 13,944
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.96% 36.44% 35.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,114 12,721 10,398
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +4.17%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £329
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 73 116 86
London median hourly rate £42.50 £44.21 £44.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.86% -0.66% +4.71%
10th Percentile £27.50 £20.98 £19.50
90th Percentile £63.75 £65.00 £57.50
England median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year +1.18% +3.66% +7.89%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 20 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 20 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the London region over the 6 months to 20 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -10 393 £538 +7.50% 23
West London +25 86 £521 +9.16% 18
East London +8 71 £550 +22.22% 5
South London -25 52 £488 -11.36% 3
North London -10 2 £525 +23.53% 1
REST
England

For the 6 months to 20 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for REST.

1 1,089 (58.90%) Agile Software Development
2 896 (48.46%) Java
3 685 (37.05%) JavaScript
4 604 (32.67%) TDD
5 591 (31.96%) Microservices
6 505 (27.31%) HTML
7 483 (26.12%) SOAP
8 476 (25.74%) Git (software)
9 430 (23.26%) Web Services
10 423 (22.88%) Jenkins
11 421 (22.77%) Amazon AWS
12 409 (22.12%) Scrum
13 404 (21.85%) BDD
14 390 (21.09%) CSS
15 389 (21.04%) JSON
16 384 (20.77%) Spring
17 377 (20.39%) DevOps
18 370 (20.01%) Docker
19 363 (19.63%) Finance
20 354 (19.15%) SQL
21 352 (19.04%) AngularJS
22 314 (16.98%) .NET
23 311 (16.82%) Test Automation
24 293 (15.85%) Continuous Integration
25 292 (15.79%) Microsoft Azure
26 284 (15.36%) Node.js
27 282 (15.25%) C#
28 281 (15.20%) Python
29 272 (14.71%) Linux
30 266 (14.39%) Java 8

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 153 (8.27%) Confluence
2 90 (4.87%) Elasticsearch
3 75 (4.06%) Apache
4 47 (2.54%) Tomcat
5 40 (2.16%) Apache Spark
6 39 (2.11%) CMS
7 37 (2.00%) SharePoint
8 35 (1.89%) JBoss
9 34 (1.84%) Cloud Foundry
10 32 (1.73%) Mule
11 19 (1.03%) Anypoint
12 18 (0.97%) WebSphere
13 17 (0.92%) WebLogic
14 16 (0.87%) Apache Solr
14 16 (0.87%) nginx
14 16 (0.87%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 15 (0.81%) Jetty
16 12 (0.65%) Magnolia
17 11 (0.59%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 11 (0.59%) MQSeries
Applications
1 25 (1.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.22%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.054%) GIMP
4 1 (0.054%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.054%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 15 (0.81%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.59%) Dynamics AX
3 10 (0.54%) Dynamics NAV
4 7 (0.38%) Adobe Campaign
5 6 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
5 6 (0.32%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 5 (0.27%) Distributed Ledger
6 5 (0.27%) NetSuite
7 3 (0.16%) Magento
7 3 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
8 2 (0.11%) Fredhopper
8 2 (0.11%) Orchard Housing
8 2 (0.11%) R3 Corda
8 2 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
9 1 (0.054%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.054%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.054%) SAP Hybris
9 1 (0.054%) Shopify
9 1 (0.054%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 421 (22.77%) Amazon AWS
2 292 (15.79%) Microsoft Azure
3 96 (5.19%) GitHub
4 88 (4.76%) Google Cloud Platform
5 57 (3.08%) Serverless
6 53 (2.87%) Amazon EC2
6 53 (2.87%) PaaS
7 48 (2.60%) Amazon S3
8 42 (2.27%) Amazon SQS
9 41 (2.22%) AWS CloudFormation
10 39 (2.11%) SaaS
11 31 (1.68%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 31 (1.68%) OpenShift
12 29 (1.57%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 27 (1.46%) Office 365
14 26 (1.41%) Amazon Glacier
15 24 (1.30%) Heroku
16 23 (1.24%) AWS CloudTrail
16 23 (1.24%) Power Platform
17 22 (1.19%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 122 (6.60%) HTTP
2 38 (2.06%) SSL
2 38 (2.06%) TCP/IP
3 26 (1.41%) DNS
4 24 (1.30%) FTP
5 23 (1.24%) Firewall
6 16 (0.87%) Internet
7 15 (0.81%) AMQP
8 11 (0.59%) WAN
9 10 (0.54%) HTTPS
10 9 (0.49%) LAN
11 7 (0.38%) SNMP
12 5 (0.27%) Kerberos
12 5 (0.27%) VPN
13 4 (0.22%) Reverse Proxy
13 4 (0.22%) SMS
13 4 (0.22%) SSH
13 4 (0.22%) Unified Communications
14 3 (0.16%) IMAP
14 3 (0.16%) NFC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 220 (11.90%) NoSQL
2 205 (11.09%) MongoDB
3 185 (10.01%) SQL Server
4 179 (9.68%) Relational Database
5 147 (7.95%) PostgreSQL
6 104 (5.62%) MySQL
7 101 (5.46%) Apache Cassandra
8 91 (4.92%) Big Data
9 59 (3.19%) Amazon RDS
10 51 (2.76%) Redis
11 45 (2.43%) Neo4j
12 41 (2.22%) Hadoop
13 40 (2.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 37 (2.00%) HBase
15 26 (1.41%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 23 (1.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 22 (1.19%) Data Lake
18 20 (1.08%) Power BI
19 19 (1.03%) Blockchain
20 17 (0.92%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 476 (25.74%) Git (software)
2 423 (22.88%) Jenkins
3 220 (11.90%) JIRA
4 159 (8.60%) Maven
5 132 (7.14%) Cucumber
6 123 (6.65%) Selenium
7 107 (5.79%) JUnit
8 104 (5.62%) Subversion
9 86 (4.65%) TeamCity
10 77 (4.16%) Bitbucket
11 60 (3.24%) Gradle
11 60 (3.24%) Mockito
12 56 (3.03%) webpack
13 53 (2.87%) gulp
14 48 (2.60%) GitLab
15 47 (2.54%) Visual Studio Team System
16 46 (2.49%) Mocha
17 45 (2.43%) Eclipse
18 44 (2.38%) SonarQube
19 40 (2.16%) WebDriver
General
1 363 (19.63%) Finance
2 195 (10.55%) Banking
3 61 (3.30%) Front Office
4 57 (3.08%) Retail
5 56 (3.03%) Marketing
6 35 (1.89%) Investment Banking
7 29 (1.57%) Games
8 27 (1.46%) Law
9 25 (1.35%) Legal
10 24 (1.30%) Advertising
11 20 (1.08%) Financial Institution
12 17 (0.92%) German Language
13 16 (0.87%) French Language
14 14 (0.76%) Manufacturing
14 14 (0.76%) Retail Banking
15 13 (0.70%) Electronics
15 13 (0.70%) Telecoms
16 10 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
17 8 (0.43%) Publishing
18 6 (0.32%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,311 (70.90%) Developer
2 453 (24.50%) Java Developer
3 196 (10.60%) Senior Developer
4 162 (8.76%) Architect
5 154 (8.33%) .NET Developer
6 147 (7.95%) Full Stack Developer
7 102 (5.52%) React Developer
8 97 (5.25%) Python Developer
9 86 (4.65%) Senior Java Developer
10 82 (4.43%) C# Developer
11 75 (4.06%) JavaScript Developer
12 72 (3.89%) Angular Developer
13 69 (3.73%) Agile Developer
14 64 (3.46%) Lead Developer
15 63 (3.41%) Analyst
16 62 (3.35%) AWS Developer
17 60 (3.24%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 57 (3.08%) C# .NET Developer
19 55 (2.97%) UI Developer
20 52 (2.81%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 505 (27.31%) HTML
2 483 (26.12%) SOAP
3 430 (23.26%) Web Services
4 390 (21.09%) CSS
5 389 (21.04%) JSON
6 384 (20.77%) Spring
7 352 (19.04%) AngularJS
8 314 (16.98%) .NET
9 284 (15.36%) Node.js
10 232 (12.55%) HTML5
11 231 (12.49%) XML
12 213 (11.52%) RESTful
13 204 (11.03%) React
14 195 (10.55%) Kafka
15 179 (9.68%) Spring Boot
16 127 (6.87%) ASP.NET Web API
16 127 (6.87%) Redux
17 112 (6.06%) JMS
18 106 (5.73%) Hibernate
19 91 (4.92%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 125 (6.76%) User Experience
2 116 (6.27%) Greenfield Project
3 105 (5.68%) Analytical Skills
4 102 (5.52%) Data Structures
5 87 (4.71%) Algorithms
6 81 (4.38%) Fintech
7 80 (4.33%) Mobile App
8 51 (2.76%) Enterprise Software
9 47 (2.54%) Hedge funds
10 35 (1.89%) Data Centre
11 31 (1.68%) Video on Demand
12 26 (1.41%) Fixed Income
13 22 (1.19%) Video\Live Streaming
14 21 (1.14%) Cloud Native
14 21 (1.14%) Virtual Team
15 19 (1.03%) Self-Motivation
16 18 (0.97%) Clustering
16 18 (0.97%) Public Cloud
17 16 (0.87%) Fat Client
17 16 (0.87%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 272 (14.71%) Linux
2 106 (5.73%) Unix
3 100 (5.41%) Windows
4 86 (4.65%) Android
5 66 (3.57%) Apple iOS
6 29 (1.57%) Mac OS X
7 9 (0.49%) CentOS
8 8 (0.43%) Fedora
8 8 (0.43%) Ubuntu
9 6 (0.32%) Mac OS
10 5 (0.27%) Solaris
10 5 (0.27%) Windows Server
11 2 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 2 (0.11%) VMS
12 1 (0.054%) Debian
12 1 (0.054%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,089 (58.90%) Agile Software Development
2 604 (32.67%) TDD
3 591 (31.96%) Microservices
4 409 (22.12%) Scrum
5 404 (21.85%) BDD
6 377 (20.39%) DevOps
7 311 (16.82%) Test Automation
8 293 (15.85%) Continuous Integration
9 212 (11.47%) MVC
10 194 (10.49%) Kanban
11 182 (9.84%) OO
12 172 (9.30%) Software Engineering
13 163 (8.82%) Open Source
14 157 (8.49%) Web Development
15 144 (7.79%) Unit Testing
16 137 (7.41%) Front End Development
16 137 (7.41%) Pair Programming
17 127 (6.87%) Continuous Delivery
17 127 (6.87%) SDLC
18 126 (6.81%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 896 (48.46%) Java
2 685 (37.05%) JavaScript
3 354 (19.15%) SQL
4 282 (15.25%) C#
5 281 (15.20%) Python
6 266 (14.39%) Java 8
7 140 (7.57%) TypeScript
8 100 (5.41%) Scala
9 87 (4.71%) ES6
10 78 (4.22%) Bash Shell
11 69 (3.73%) Ruby
12 58 (3.14%) PHP
13 55 (2.97%) Go
14 45 (2.43%) Apex Code
15 44 (2.38%) Kotlin
16 39 (2.11%) Groovy
17 27 (1.46%) PowerShell
18 26 (1.41%) C++
19 25 (1.35%) Shell Script
20 24 (1.30%) SOQL
Qualifications
1 164 (8.87%) Security Cleared
2 143 (7.73%) SC Cleared
3 123 (6.65%) Degree
4 37 (2.00%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.51%) DV Cleared
6 19 (1.03%) CTC Cleared
7 18 (0.97%) Numerate Degree
8 16 (0.87%) Master's Degree
9 15 (0.81%) BPSS Clearance
10 10 (0.54%) ISTQB
11 9 (0.49%) Sun Certification
12 6 (0.32%) ITIL Certification
13 3 (0.16%) ISEB
14 2 (0.11%) CISSP
15 1 (0.054%) BC Cleared
15 1 (0.054%) CSQA
15 1 (0.054%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 1 (0.054%) PhD
15 1 (0.054%) PMI Certification
15 1 (0.054%) Project+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 146 (7.90%) QA
2 36 (1.95%) Data Quality
3 14 (0.76%) SEPA
4 12 (0.65%) GDPR
5 7 (0.38%) GxP
6 5 (0.27%) FATCA
7 4 (0.22%) PSD2
7 4 (0.22%) SLA
7 4 (0.22%) Solvency II
8 3 (0.16%) MiFID
9 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 2 (0.11%) WCAG
10 1 (0.054%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.054%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.054%) EMIR
10 1 (0.054%) PMO
System Software
1 370 (20.01%) Docker
2 11 (0.59%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.49%) HDFS
4 8 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.22%) Firmware
5 4 (0.22%) vSphere
6 3 (0.16%) NFS
7 2 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.054%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 234 (12.66%) Kubernetes
2 107 (5.79%) Ansible
3 64 (3.46%) Terraform
4 39 (2.11%) Kibana
5 37 (2.00%) Single Sign-On
6 34 (1.84%) Grafana
6 34 (1.84%) Puppet
7 22 (1.19%) Opscode Chef
8 19 (1.03%) logstash
9 18 (0.97%) Docker Swarm
10 12 (0.65%) Prometheus
11 11 (0.59%) HP Quality Center
12 8 (0.43%) CloudHub
13 6 (0.32%) Rundeck
14 5 (0.27%) Mesos
15 4 (0.22%) Consul
15 4 (0.22%) Graphite
15 4 (0.22%) rkt
15 4 (0.22%) ZABBIX
16 3 (0.16%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 146 (7.90%) Oracle
2 111 (6.00%) Microsoft
3 91 (4.92%) Google
4 68 (3.68%) Salesforce.com
5 56 (3.03%) MuleSoft
6 32 (1.73%) Splunk
7 30 (1.62%) IBM
8 25 (1.35%) SAP
9 22 (1.19%) Atlassian
9 22 (1.19%) ServiceNow
10 20 (1.08%) hybris
11 18 (0.97%) Adobe
12 14 (0.76%) HP
12 14 (0.76%) Informatica
12 14 (0.76%) Red Hat
13 13 (0.70%) Facebook
13 13 (0.70%) TIBCO
13 13 (0.70%) Twitter
13 13 (0.70%) Xamarin
14 12 (0.65%) Alteryx