Period
to 24 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 24 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
England > London
6 months to
24 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 56 60 49
Rank change year-on-year +4 -11 +6
Contract jobs citing REST 767 1,138 2,222
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.34% 3.79% 4.99%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.94% 10.55% 12.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 652 845 1,680
Median daily rate £520 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.45% - +7.32%
10th Percentile £375 £400 £413
90th Percentile £675 £675 £656
England median daily rate £500 £513 £513
% change year-on-year -2.44% - +6.77%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 6 4
Median hourly rate £40.00 £72.50 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -44.83% +52.63% +139.75%
England median hourly rate £40.00 £52.25 £50.00
% change year-on-year -23.44% +4.50% +11.11%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 6,422 10,790 17,186
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.30% 35.93% 38.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,745 8,036 13,002
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £360 £375 £370
90th Percentile £700 £699 £675
England median daily rate £490 £500 £498
% change year-on-year -2.00% +0.50% +4.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 57 64
Median hourly rate £45.00 £48.85 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.88% +28.55% +35.71%
10th Percentile £23.13 £24.80 £24.11
90th Percentile £65.13 £78.75 £51.38
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.40 £41.53
% change year-on-year -3.02% +11.73% +3.83%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST in London.

Daily rate trend for REST in London

REST
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 24 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST in London.

Hourly rate trend for REST in London

REST
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the London region over the 6 months to 24 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +17 93 £575 +12.20% 91
South London +36 33 £485 -17.45% 6
West London +31 10 £338 -32.50% 29
North London - 4 £318 -
REST
England

For the 6 months to 24 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for REST.

1 380 (49.54%) Agile Software Development
2 376 (49.02%) Java
3 259 (33.77%) Microservices
4 247 (32.20%) JavaScript
5 219 (28.55%) Spring
6 196 (25.55%) Web Services
7 186 (24.25%) Finance
8 182 (23.73%) HTML
9 175 (22.82%) Git (software)
10 168 (21.90%) AWS
11 167 (21.77%) Jenkins
12 163 (21.25%) Banking
13 155 (20.21%) SQL
13 155 (20.21%) Azure
14 151 (19.69%) TDD
15 148 (19.30%) Docker
16 144 (18.77%) DevOps
17 142 (18.51%) CSS
18 138 (17.99%) Python
19 131 (17.08%) Linux
20 129 (16.82%) SOAP
21 125 (16.30%) Test Automation
22 121 (15.78%) JSON
23 119 (15.51%) .NET
23 119 (15.51%) Kubernetes
24 116 (15.12%) BDD
25 115 (14.99%) React
26 114 (14.86%) AngularJS
27 110 (14.34%) Spring Boot
28 108 (14.08%) OO

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (9.78%) Red Hat Fuse
2 56 (7.30%) Mule
3 50 (6.52%) Confluence
4 43 (5.61%) Apache
5 38 (4.95%) JBoss
6 32 (4.17%) Elasticsearch
7 17 (2.22%) Camunda
7 17 (2.22%) Tomcat
7 17 (2.22%) WebSphere
8 13 (1.69%) SharePoint
9 12 (1.56%) IIS
10 10 (1.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 9 (1.17%) CMS
12 8 (1.04%) Cloud Foundry
12 8 (1.04%) nginx
12 8 (1.04%) WebLogic
13 7 (0.91%) WebSphere Application Server
14 6 (0.78%) Anypoint
14 6 (0.78%) Apache Spark
15 5 (0.65%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 6 (0.78%) Photoshop
2 4 (0.52%) Adobe XD
3 3 (0.39%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.39%) Zeplin
4 2 (0.26%) Adobe Illustrator
4 2 (0.26%) Sketch
5 1 (0.13%) Figma
5 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.13%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (1.04%) Dynamics CRM
1 8 (1.04%) Dynamics NAV
2 5 (0.65%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (0.52%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 3 (0.39%) Elite 3E
4 3 (0.39%) Magento
4 3 (0.39%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.26%) BusinessWorks
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.26%) Summit
6 1 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.13%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.13%) Maximo
6 1 (0.13%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 168 (21.90%) AWS
2 155 (20.21%) Azure
3 72 (9.39%) GitHub
4 37 (4.82%) Serverless
5 36 (4.69%) GCP
5 36 (4.69%) PaaS
5 36 (4.69%) SaaS
6 24 (3.13%) OpenShift
7 19 (2.48%) IaaS
8 17 (2.22%) AWS Lambda
9 16 (2.09%) Office 365
10 15 (1.96%) Power Platform
11 14 (1.83%) AWS CloudFormation
11 14 (1.83%) Cloud Computing
12 13 (1.69%) Amazon ECS
12 13 (1.69%) Amazon S3
12 13 (1.69%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
13 12 (1.56%) Logic Apps
14 11 (1.43%) Amazon Kinesis
14 11 (1.43%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 38 (4.95%) HTTP
2 13 (1.69%) Firewall
3 11 (1.43%) TCP/IP
4 10 (1.30%) DNS
5 8 (1.04%) SSL
6 6 (0.78%) HTTPS
7 5 (0.65%) AMQP
7 5 (0.65%) LAN
7 5 (0.65%) Unified Communications
7 5 (0.65%) WAN
8 4 (0.52%) DVB
8 4 (0.52%) FTP
8 4 (0.52%) Internet
8 4 (0.52%) SSH
8 4 (0.52%) Wireless
9 3 (0.39%) DHCP
9 3 (0.39%) Reverse Proxy
9 3 (0.39%) SNMP
9 3 (0.39%) VLAN
9 3 (0.39%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 78 (10.17%) SQL Server
2 75 (9.78%) NoSQL
3 74 (9.65%) Relational Database
4 67 (8.74%) MongoDB
5 59 (7.69%) MySQL
5 59 (7.69%) PostgreSQL
6 21 (2.74%) Data Warehouse
6 21 (2.74%) Redis
7 19 (2.48%) RDBMS
8 13 (1.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 11 (1.43%) Big Data
10 10 (1.30%) Oracle Database
10 10 (1.30%) Power BI
11 9 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
12 8 (1.04%) Cosmos DB
13 7 (0.91%) DB2
13 7 (0.91%) Oracle Database 11g
13 7 (0.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 5 (0.65%) Blockchain
14 5 (0.65%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 175 (22.82%) Git (software)
2 167 (21.77%) Jenkins
3 77 (10.04%) JIRA
4 72 (9.39%) Maven
5 64 (8.34%) Cucumber
6 51 (6.65%) JUnit
7 48 (6.26%) Subversion
8 39 (5.08%) Selenium
9 29 (3.78%) Gradle
9 29 (3.78%) TeamCity
10 28 (3.65%) webpack
11 27 (3.52%) GitLab
12 25 (3.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 19 (2.48%) Jasmine
13 19 (2.48%) jMock
14 16 (2.09%) Mockito
14 16 (2.09%) REST Assured
14 16 (2.09%) SonarQube
15 15 (1.96%) FishEye
15 15 (1.96%) WebDriver
General
1 186 (24.25%) Finance
2 163 (21.25%) Banking
3 67 (8.74%) Investment Banking
4 55 (7.17%) Front Office
5 26 (3.39%) Public Sector
5 26 (3.39%) Retail
6 25 (3.26%) Marketing
7 13 (1.69%) Games
7 13 (1.69%) Telecoms
8 10 (1.30%) Back Office
9 8 (1.04%) Advertising
10 6 (0.78%) Financial Institution
11 4 (0.52%) Retail Banking
12 3 (0.39%) Law
12 3 (0.39%) Manufacturing
13 2 (0.26%) Multimedia
14 1 (0.13%) Dutch Language
14 1 (0.13%) Electronics
14 1 (0.13%) Pharmaceutical
14 1 (0.13%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 506 (65.97%) Developer
2 164 (21.38%) Java Developer
3 101 (13.17%) Senior Developer
4 83 (10.82%) Full Stack Developer
5 71 (9.26%) Architect
6 60 (7.82%) Senior Java Developer
7 54 (7.04%) React Developer
8 46 (6.00%) .NET Developer
9 33 (4.30%) C# Developer
10 32 (4.17%) Python Developer
11 31 (4.04%) Angular Developer
11 31 (4.04%) Solutions Architect
12 27 (3.52%) AWS Developer
13 26 (3.39%) Integration Developer
13 26 (3.39%) Software Engineer
14 25 (3.26%) iOS Developer
14 25 (3.26%) JavaScript Developer
15 24 (3.13%) Lead Developer
16 23 (3.00%) Senior Integration Developer
17 22 (2.87%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 219 (28.55%) Spring
2 196 (25.55%) Web Services
3 182 (23.73%) HTML
4 142 (18.51%) CSS
5 129 (16.82%) SOAP
6 121 (15.78%) JSON
7 119 (15.51%) .NET
8 115 (14.99%) React
9 114 (14.86%) AngularJS
10 110 (14.34%) Spring Boot
11 103 (13.43%) Node.js
12 96 (12.52%) Middleware
13 95 (12.39%) XML
14 91 (11.86%) Apache Camel
15 90 (11.73%) HTML5
16 69 (9.00%) Redux
17 65 (8.47%) Kafka
18 61 (7.95%) Hibernate
19 58 (7.56%) jQuery
20 57 (7.43%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 54 (7.04%) Mobile App
2 48 (6.26%) Analytical Skills
3 42 (5.48%) Enterprise Software
4 33 (4.30%) Clustering
5 31 (4.04%) Greenfield Project
6 29 (3.78%) User Experience
7 22 (2.87%) Cloud Native
8 19 (2.48%) Fixed Income
9 18 (2.35%) Algorithms
10 13 (1.69%) Data Structures
10 13 (1.69%) Public Cloud
11 11 (1.43%) iPad
11 11 (1.43%) iPhone
11 11 (1.43%) Virtual Team
12 10 (1.30%) Management Information System
13 8 (1.04%) Private Cloud
14 7 (0.91%) Linux Command Line
14 7 (0.91%) Self-Motivation
15 6 (0.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 5 (0.65%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 131 (17.08%) Linux
2 57 (7.43%) Apple iOS
3 52 (6.78%) Android
4 43 (5.61%) Unix
5 39 (5.08%) Windows
6 11 (1.43%) Mac OS X
6 11 (1.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.65%) CentOS
8 4 (0.52%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.39%) Windows 10
9 3 (0.39%) Windows Server 2016
10 1 (0.13%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.13%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 380 (49.54%) Agile Software Development
2 259 (33.77%) Microservices
3 151 (19.69%) TDD
4 144 (18.77%) DevOps
5 125 (16.30%) Test Automation
6 116 (15.12%) BDD
7 108 (14.08%) Continuous Integration
7 108 (14.08%) OO
8 104 (13.56%) Scrum
9 100 (13.04%) Software Engineering
10 75 (9.78%) Open Source
11 65 (8.47%) SDLC
12 64 (8.34%) API Development
13 58 (7.56%) Problem-Solving
14 56 (7.30%) Web Development
15 55 (7.17%) Continuous Delivery
16 52 (6.78%) SOA
17 51 (6.65%) Data Modelling
18 49 (6.39%) Multithreading
19 47 (6.13%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 376 (49.02%) Java
2 247 (32.20%) JavaScript
3 155 (20.21%) SQL
4 138 (17.99%) Python
5 91 (11.86%) Java 8
6 86 (11.21%) C#
7 43 (5.61%) Kotlin
8 42 (5.48%) TypeScript
9 41 (5.35%) ES6
10 37 (4.82%) Go
11 36 (4.69%) Apple Swift
12 33 (4.30%) PowerShell
13 28 (3.65%) C++
14 22 (2.87%) PHP
15 21 (2.74%) Bash Shell
16 19 (2.48%) Shell Script
17 18 (2.35%) PL/SQL
18 17 (2.22%) Objective-C
19 16 (2.09%) Scala
20 14 (1.83%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 77 (10.04%) Security Cleared
2 67 (8.74%) SC Cleared
3 40 (5.22%) Degree
4 21 (2.74%) Computer Science Degree
5 14 (1.83%) Master's Degree
6 7 (0.91%) DV Cleared
6 7 (0.91%) ISTQB
7 5 (0.65%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
8 4 (0.52%) ISEB
9 3 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (0.39%) CCNA
9 3 (0.39%) DBS Check
9 3 (0.39%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 2 (0.26%) CCNP
10 2 (0.26%) CISSP
10 2 (0.26%) PMI Certification
10 2 (0.26%) PMP
10 2 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
11 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (5.48%) QA
2 7 (0.91%) MiFID
3 5 (0.65%) NIST
4 3 (0.39%) GDPR
5 2 (0.26%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.13%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 148 (19.30%) Docker
2 14 (1.83%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.65%) Hyper-V
5 3 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.39%) vSphere
6 2 (0.26%) KVM
6 2 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
6 2 (0.26%) VMware NSX
7 1 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 119 (15.51%) Kubernetes
2 48 (6.26%) Terraform
3 21 (2.74%) Ansible
4 13 (1.69%) Puppet
5 10 (1.30%) Prometheus
6 9 (1.17%) Grafana
7 7 (0.91%) Opscode Chef
8 5 (0.65%) CloudHub
9 4 (0.52%) HP SIM
9 4 (0.52%) Icinga
9 4 (0.52%) Nagios
9 4 (0.52%) Opsview
9 4 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
10 3 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
10 3 (0.39%) Forum Sentry
10 3 (0.39%) Istio
10 3 (0.39%) Kibana
10 3 (0.39%) Salt
10 3 (0.39%) vCenter Server
10 3 (0.39%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 65 (8.47%) Oracle
2 37 (4.82%) Microsoft
3 28 (3.65%) Google
4 25 (3.26%) Salesforce.com
5 22 (2.87%) ServiceNow
6 21 (2.74%) MuleSoft
7 20 (2.61%) Atlassian
7 20 (2.61%) Splunk
8 19 (2.48%) Sybase
9 15 (1.96%) Murex
10 14 (1.83%) VMware
11 12 (1.56%) IBM
12 11 (1.43%) Apple
12 11 (1.43%) Red Hat
13 10 (1.30%) AppDynamics
13 10 (1.30%) SAP
13 10 (1.30%) TIBCO
14 8 (1.04%) Adobe
14 8 (1.04%) Dell
14 8 (1.04%) webMethods