Period
to 27 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
England > London
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 63 59 67
Rank change year-on-year -4 +8 -16
Contract jobs citing REST 1,449 627 1,368
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.01% 4.38% 3.75%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.76% 11.71% 10.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,085 442 988
10th Percentile £413 £369 £413
25th Percentile £481 £425 £464
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £544
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% -3.45% +1.16%
75th Percentile £669 £613 £602
90th Percentile £735 £700 £675
England median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 1 5
10th Percentile £44.33 " £41.02
25th Percentile £54.00 " £41.25
Median hourly rate £63.70 £40.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +59.25% -15.79% +5.56%
75th Percentile £72.58 " £52.50
90th Percentile £108.50 " "
England median hourly rate £59.00 £46.56 £53.75
% change year-on-year +26.71% -13.37% +16.85%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,325 5,353 13,312
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 34.08% 37.39% 36.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,305 3,978 10,030
10th Percentile £413 £360 £375
25th Percentile £475 £425 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £570 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +8.57% - -
75th Percentile £675 £625 £613
90th Percentile £738 £713 £694
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 20 68
10th Percentile £20.96 £22.38 £20.13
25th Percentile £35.00 £24.63 £36.70
Median hourly rate £51.25 £34.98 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +46.53% -30.05% +14.94%
75th Percentile £69.75 £42.44 £53.00
90th Percentile £80.00 £50.75 £64.12
England median hourly rate £49.00 £42.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% -6.67% +8.36%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST in London.

Daily rate trend for REST in London

REST
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST in London.

Hourly rate trend for REST in London

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the London region over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -19 135 £614 +6.74% 126
West London +1 35 £640 +28.00% 54
East London -5 9 £590 +38.82% 49
South London -35 8 £438 -4.11% 9
North London 0 4 £400 +25.79% 3
REST
England

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for REST.

1 707 (48.79%) Agile Software Development
2 664 (45.82%) Java
3 465 (32.09%) JavaScript
4 418 (28.85%) Microservices
5 398 (27.47%) SQL
6 370 (25.53%) AWS
7 357 (24.64%) Spring
8 332 (22.91%) DevOps
9 323 (22.29%) Test Automation
9 323 (22.29%) Web Services
10 316 (21.81%) Git (software)
11 306 (21.12%) Jenkins
11 306 (21.12%) Finance
12 303 (20.91%) SOAP
13 294 (20.29%) TDD
14 290 (20.01%) Azure
15 276 (19.05%) HTML
16 266 (18.36%) Python
17 260 (17.94%) Docker
18 251 (17.32%) React
19 245 (16.91%) Software Engineering
20 243 (16.77%) Kubernetes
21 239 (16.49%) Scrum
21 239 (16.49%) CSS
22 235 (16.22%) JSON
23 231 (15.94%) Social Skills
24 225 (15.53%) Spring Boot
24 225 (15.53%) Banking
25 214 (14.77%) AngularJS
26 206 (14.22%) C#

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 83 (5.73%) Confluence
2 43 (2.97%) CMS
3 40 (2.76%) Elasticsearch
4 33 (2.28%) Apache
5 28 (1.93%) JBoss
5 28 (1.93%) Mule
5 28 (1.93%) Tomcat
6 24 (1.66%) SharePoint
7 22 (1.52%) Apache Spark
8 21 (1.45%) Red Hat Fuse
9 17 (1.17%) IIS
10 14 (0.97%) WebSphere
11 10 (0.69%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 10 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
11 10 (0.69%) Oracle Coherence
11 10 (0.69%) WebLogic
12 9 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 8 (0.55%) Mule ESB
14 7 (0.48%) Oracle Application Server
15 6 (0.41%) OpenStack
Applications
1 13 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.35%) Chatbot
3 5 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
3 5 (0.35%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.14%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.069%) Adobe XD
5 1 (0.069%) Figma
5 1 (0.069%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 27 (1.86%) SunGard Martini
2 8 (0.55%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.41%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.28%) Oracle ERP
4 4 (0.28%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 3 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
6 2 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.14%) SAP CRM
6 2 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.069%) Adobe Campaign
7 1 (0.069%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.069%) Eloqua
7 1 (0.069%) ION MarketView
7 1 (0.069%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.069%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.069%) Shopify
7 1 (0.069%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.069%) Workday HCM
7 1 (0.069%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 370 (25.53%) AWS
2 290 (20.01%) Azure
3 108 (7.45%) GitHub
4 105 (7.25%) Serverless
5 100 (6.90%) GCP
6 76 (5.24%) AWS Lambda
7 75 (5.18%) SaaS
8 48 (3.31%) PaaS
9 43 (2.97%) Power Platform
10 41 (2.83%) IaaS
11 40 (2.76%) OpenShift
12 36 (2.48%) AWS CloudFormation
13 31 (2.14%) Microsoft 365
14 27 (1.86%) Azure Data Factory
15 24 (1.66%) Amazon S3
15 24 (1.66%) Amazon SQS
16 20 (1.38%) Amazon EC2
16 20 (1.38%) Azure Service Bus
17 19 (1.31%) Apigee
18 18 (1.24%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 126 (8.70%) HTTP
2 41 (2.83%) TCP/IP
3 27 (1.86%) DNS
4 24 (1.66%) Internet
5 19 (1.31%) HTTPS
6 18 (1.24%) Firewall
7 10 (0.69%) DHCP
7 10 (0.69%) Network Security
7 10 (0.69%) VPN
8 9 (0.62%) SSL
9 8 (0.55%) FTP
9 8 (0.55%) Kerberos
9 8 (0.55%) SSH
10 6 (0.41%) Intranet
10 6 (0.41%) SMTP
11 5 (0.35%) PuTTY
11 5 (0.35%) Telnet
11 5 (0.35%) WinSCP
11 5 (0.35%) Wireshark
12 4 (0.28%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 196 (13.53%) NoSQL
2 157 (10.84%) SQL Server
3 132 (9.11%) Relational Database
4 127 (8.76%) MongoDB
5 99 (6.83%) PostgreSQL
6 93 (6.42%) MySQL
7 42 (2.90%) Oracle Database
8 39 (2.69%) Power BI
9 34 (2.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 30 (2.07%) Azure SQL Database
10 30 (2.07%) Big Data
11 28 (1.93%) Apache Cassandra
11 28 (1.93%) Oracle Database 12c
12 24 (1.66%) Redis
13 23 (1.59%) Data Lake
13 23 (1.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 16 (1.10%) Amazon RDS
14 16 (1.10%) RDBMS
15 14 (0.97%) SQL Server 2016
16 12 (0.83%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 316 (21.81%) Git (software)
2 306 (21.12%) Jenkins
3 180 (12.42%) Maven
4 149 (10.28%) JIRA
5 105 (7.25%) JUnit
6 100 (6.90%) Cucumber
7 81 (5.59%) Bitbucket
7 81 (5.59%) TeamCity
8 74 (5.11%) Mockito
9 68 (4.69%) Subversion
10 47 (3.24%) GitLab
11 42 (2.90%) Visual Studio
12 41 (2.83%) Selenium
13 37 (2.55%) Artifactory
14 36 (2.48%) Postman
15 34 (2.35%) Gradle
16 31 (2.14%) Sonatype Nexus
17 29 (2.00%) SpecFlow
18 27 (1.86%) CppUnit
18 27 (1.86%) Oracle APEX
General
1 306 (21.12%) Finance
2 231 (15.94%) Social Skills
3 225 (15.53%) Banking
4 104 (7.18%) Investment Banking
5 92 (6.35%) Analytical Skills
6 61 (4.21%) Front Office
6 61 (4.21%) Retail
7 40 (2.76%) Public Sector
8 28 (1.93%) Presentation Skills
9 23 (1.59%) Retail Banking
10 21 (1.45%) Marketing
11 18 (1.24%) Financial Institution
12 16 (1.10%) Telecoms
13 12 (0.83%) Law
14 11 (0.76%) Back Office
15 10 (0.69%) German Language
15 10 (0.69%) Pharmaceutical
16 9 (0.62%) Legal
17 8 (0.55%) International Banking
17 8 (0.55%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 848 (58.52%) Developer
2 271 (18.70%) Java Developer
3 175 (12.08%) Senior Developer
4 132 (9.11%) Architect
5 87 (6.00%) Software Engineer
6 70 (4.83%) Full Stack Developer
6 70 (4.83%) Senior Java Developer
7 65 (4.49%) Java Engineer
7 65 (4.49%) React Developer
8 61 (4.21%) Solutions Architect
9 57 (3.93%) Python Developer
10 55 (3.80%) Consultant
11 42 (2.90%) .NET Developer
11 42 (2.90%) C# Developer
12 39 (2.69%) Salesforce Developer
12 39 (2.69%) Senior Consultant
13 36 (2.48%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 31 (2.14%) Java Consultant
14 31 (2.14%) Senior Java Consultant
15 30 (2.07%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 357 (24.64%) Spring
2 323 (22.29%) Web Services
3 303 (20.91%) SOAP
4 276 (19.05%) HTML
5 251 (17.32%) React
6 239 (16.49%) CSS
7 235 (16.22%) JSON
8 225 (15.53%) Spring Boot
9 214 (14.77%) AngularJS
10 185 (12.77%) .NET
11 172 (11.87%) XML
12 162 (11.18%) Node.js
13 137 (9.45%) Kafka
14 107 (7.38%) GraphQL
15 85 (5.87%) HTML5
16 81 (5.59%) .NET Core
17 76 (5.24%) Middleware
18 75 (5.18%) Redux
19 74 (5.11%) Hibernate
20 72 (4.97%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 90 (6.21%) User Experience
2 82 (5.66%) Mobile App
3 42 (2.90%) Data Structures
4 37 (2.55%) Enterprise Software
5 36 (2.48%) Data Protection Act
6 32 (2.21%) Greenfield Project
7 29 (2.00%) Algorithms
7 29 (2.00%) Public Cloud
8 28 (1.93%) Cloud Native
9 25 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
10 20 (1.38%) Fixed Income
10 20 (1.38%) Virtual Team
11 15 (1.04%) Data Centre
11 15 (1.04%) Media Streaming
11 15 (1.04%) Reference Data
11 15 (1.04%) Video\Live Streaming
12 13 (0.90%) Private Cloud
13 10 (0.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 10 (0.69%) Management Information System
14 9 (0.62%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 180 (12.42%) Linux
2 112 (7.73%) Unix
3 89 (6.14%) Windows
4 41 (2.83%) Apple iOS
5 39 (2.69%) Android
6 17 (1.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 16 (1.10%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.35%) Mac OS X
8 5 (0.35%) Windows Server 2019
9 4 (0.28%) Solaris
9 4 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
9 4 (0.28%) Windows Server 2016
10 3 (0.21%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.069%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.069%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 707 (48.79%) Agile Software Development
2 418 (28.85%) Microservices
3 332 (22.91%) DevOps
4 323 (22.29%) Test Automation
5 294 (20.29%) TDD
6 245 (16.91%) Software Engineering
7 239 (16.49%) Scrum
8 149 (10.28%) Continuous Integration
9 147 (10.14%) BDD
9 147 (10.14%) Full Stack Development
10 121 (8.35%) Unit Testing
11 109 (7.52%) SDLC
12 103 (7.11%) OO
13 100 (6.90%) Problem-Solving
14 90 (6.21%) API Design
15 88 (6.07%) Multithreading
16 84 (5.80%) Front End Development
17 78 (5.38%) API Development
18 71 (4.90%) Computer Science
19 70 (4.83%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 664 (45.82%) Java
2 465 (32.09%) JavaScript
3 398 (27.47%) SQL
4 266 (18.36%) Python
5 206 (14.22%) C#
6 168 (11.59%) TypeScript
7 126 (8.70%) Java 8
8 71 (4.90%) Java 11
9 63 (4.35%) Scala
10 61 (4.21%) Kotlin
11 53 (3.66%) PowerShell
12 52 (3.59%) C++
13 49 (3.38%) Bash Shell
14 41 (2.83%) Go
15 34 (2.35%) Apex Code
15 34 (2.35%) T-SQL
16 31 (2.14%) ES6
17 29 (2.00%) PHP
17 29 (2.00%) Ruby
17 29 (2.00%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 70 (4.83%) Security Cleared
2 69 (4.76%) Degree
3 66 (4.55%) SC Cleared
4 24 (1.66%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (0.76%) ISTQB
6 10 (0.69%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 9 (0.62%) AWS Certification
8 8 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (0.55%) Master's Degree
9 6 (0.41%) DV Cleared
9 6 (0.41%) Microsoft Certification
10 5 (0.35%) ITIL Certification
11 4 (0.28%) ISEB
11 4 (0.28%) MCSE
12 3 (0.21%) CEH
12 3 (0.21%) CISA
12 3 (0.21%) CISSP
12 3 (0.21%) CRISC
12 3 (0.21%) DBS Check
12 3 (0.21%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (5.45%) QA
2 29 (2.00%) Accessibility
3 11 (0.76%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 10 (0.69%) GDPR
5 8 (0.55%) GRC
6 7 (0.48%) Data Quality
7 4 (0.28%) WCAG
8 3 (0.21%) SLA
9 2 (0.14%) HIPAA
9 2 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.14%) MiFID
9 2 (0.14%) NCSC
10 1 (0.069%) COBIT
10 1 (0.069%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.069%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.069%) NIST
10 1 (0.069%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.069%) PSD2
10 1 (0.069%) SOC 1
10 1 (0.069%) SOC 2
System Software
1 260 (17.94%) Docker
2 34 (2.35%) Active Directory
3 13 (0.90%) OpenAM
4 7 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.41%) OpenDJ
5 6 (0.41%) OpenIDM
6 5 (0.35%) Virtual Servers
7 4 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (0.21%) Platform Symphony
9 2 (0.14%) Apache Flume
9 2 (0.14%) vSphere
10 1 (0.069%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.069%) HDFS
10 1 (0.069%) NFS
10 1 (0.069%) Veritas File System
10 1 (0.069%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 1 (0.069%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.069%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.069%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 243 (16.77%) Kubernetes
2 92 (6.35%) Terraform
3 43 (2.97%) Ansible
4 27 (1.86%) BladeLogic
5 26 (1.79%) Grafana
6 21 (1.45%) Prometheus
7 19 (1.31%) Opscode Chef
8 18 (1.24%) Single Sign-On
9 13 (0.90%) Puppet
10 12 (0.83%) Kibana
11 10 (0.69%) Microsoft Intune
12 9 (0.62%) Istio
12 9 (0.62%) Nagios
13 5 (0.35%) CloudHub
13 5 (0.35%) Packer
13 5 (0.35%) QRadar
14 4 (0.28%) EMC NetWorker
14 4 (0.28%) SCCM
14 4 (0.28%) Tivoli
14 4 (0.28%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 179 (12.35%) Oracle
2 72 (4.97%) Microsoft
3 66 (4.55%) Salesforce.com
4 49 (3.38%) ServiceNow
5 39 (2.69%) Splunk
6 37 (2.55%) MuleSoft
7 32 (2.21%) Google
8 28 (1.93%) FIS
9 27 (1.86%) SunGard
10 22 (1.52%) Sybase
11 21 (1.45%) IBM
12 20 (1.38%) SAP
13 17 (1.17%) Atlassian
14 15 (1.04%) Databricks
15 14 (0.97%) Dynatrace
16 13 (0.90%) Adobe
17 12 (0.83%) Confluent
17 12 (0.83%) VMware
18 11 (0.76%) Red Hat
19 10 (0.69%) Informatica