Period
to 14 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 14 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
England > London
6 months to
14 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 65 49 52
Rank change year-on-year -16 +3 +2
Contract jobs citing REST 1,346 2,291 2,138
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.72% 4.93% 4.55%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.34% 12.57% 12.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 973 1,752 1,609
London median daily rate £540 £538 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.47% +7.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £375
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 6 2
London median hourly rate £48.75 £47.50 £94.95
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.63% -49.97% +393.76%
10th Percentile £35.00 £42.50 £34.76
90th Percentile £78.75 £63.13 £161.59
England median hourly rate £52.00 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +15.56% - +42.86%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 13,017 18,231 17,446
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.00% 39.20% 37.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,670 13,742 13,322
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +8.11%
10th Percentile £375 £371 £350
90th Percentile £694 £675 £650
England median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 85 77 105
London median hourly rate £47.83 £42.27 £30.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.17% +37.45% -25.23%
10th Percentile £19.00 £19.25 £19.00
90th Percentile £78.75 £67.06 £49.50
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.53 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.34% +3.83% +6.67%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the London region over the 6 months to 14 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -20 267 £513 -3.76% 154
South London +4 57 £513 -6.82% 13
East London +3 47 £550 -2.22% 21
West London -17 35 £525 +5.00% 82
North London -3 1 £525 +16.67% 5
REST
England

For the 6 months to 14 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for REST.

1 733 (54.46%) Agile Software Development
2 538 (39.97%) Java
3 506 (37.59%) JavaScript
4 469 (34.84%) Microservices
5 425 (31.58%) TDD
6 335 (24.89%) Docker
7 331 (24.59%) Git (software)
8 315 (23.40%) DevOps
9 313 (23.25%) SOAP
10 310 (23.03%) Web Services
11 309 (22.96%) AWS
12 306 (22.73%) SQL
13 295 (21.92%) Spring
14 276 (20.51%) Scrum
15 255 (18.95%) JSON
16 254 (18.87%) Jenkins
17 241 (17.90%) HTML
18 238 (17.68%) AngularJS
19 231 (17.16%) Azure
20 230 (17.09%) Python
21 225 (16.72%) CSS
22 222 (16.49%) C#
23 220 (16.34%) Finance
24 218 (16.20%) React
25 211 (15.68%) Node.js
26 206 (15.30%) .NET
27 205 (15.23%) BDD
28 199 (14.78%) Linux
29 182 (13.52%) Spring Boot
30 181 (13.45%) SQL Server

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 111 (8.25%) Confluence
2 80 (5.94%) Elasticsearch
3 55 (4.09%) Apache
4 37 (2.75%) SharePoint
5 30 (2.23%) Tomcat
6 28 (2.08%) Apache Spark
7 22 (1.63%) CMS
8 21 (1.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 21 (1.56%) IIS
9 16 (1.19%) ArcGIS
10 14 (1.04%) GeoServer
11 13 (0.97%) Apache Solr
11 13 (0.97%) WebLogic
12 12 (0.89%) Cloud Foundry
12 12 (0.89%) nginx
13 11 (0.82%) JBoss
14 10 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 9 (0.67%) WebSphere
16 8 (0.59%) Luigi
16 8 (0.59%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 6 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.30%) InDesign
2 4 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.30%) Photoshop
3 3 (0.22%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.22%) InfoPath
4 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.074%) Adobe Premiere
5 1 (0.074%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 16 (1.19%) Adobe Campaign
2 9 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (0.52%) Distributed Ledger
4 6 (0.45%) R3 Corda
4 6 (0.45%) thinkFolio
5 5 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.30%) Dynamics NAV
6 4 (0.30%) SAP S/4HANA
6 4 (0.30%) Temenos T24
7 2 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
7 2 (0.15%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.15%) SAP MM
8 1 (0.074%) Magento
8 1 (0.074%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.074%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.074%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.074%) SAP Hybris
8 1 (0.074%) Social Studio
8 1 (0.074%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 309 (22.96%) AWS
2 231 (17.16%) Azure
3 75 (5.57%) GCP
4 46 (3.42%) GitHub
5 36 (2.67%) SaaS
6 33 (2.45%) Serverless
7 32 (2.38%) PaaS
8 25 (1.86%) npm
9 24 (1.78%) Apigee
9 24 (1.78%) Power Platform
10 22 (1.63%) OpenShift
11 21 (1.56%) Amazon EC2
12 17 (1.26%) Office 365
13 16 (1.19%) AWS Lambda
14 15 (1.11%) Amazon SQS
15 13 (0.97%) IaaS
16 12 (0.89%) Azure Active Directory
17 10 (0.74%) Adobe Analytics
17 10 (0.74%) Datadog
17 10 (0.74%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 95 (7.06%) HTTP
2 33 (2.45%) FTP
3 30 (2.23%) TCP/IP
4 21 (1.56%) SSL
5 18 (1.34%) DNS
6 14 (1.04%) MQTT
7 12 (0.89%) Internet
8 8 (0.59%) Firewall
9 6 (0.45%) HTTPS
9 6 (0.45%) Intranet
9 6 (0.45%) Reverse Proxy
9 6 (0.45%) VPN
10 4 (0.30%) Ethernet
10 4 (0.30%) Kerberos
10 4 (0.30%) MPLS
10 4 (0.30%) SMTP
11 3 (0.22%) 2G
11 3 (0.22%) 3G
11 3 (0.22%) SMS
11 3 (0.22%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 181 (13.45%) SQL Server
2 162 (12.04%) NoSQL
3 116 (8.62%) PostgreSQL
4 97 (7.21%) Relational Database
5 94 (6.98%) MySQL
6 93 (6.91%) MongoDB
7 59 (4.38%) Apache Cassandra
8 51 (3.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 43 (3.19%) RDBMS
10 40 (2.97%) Big Data
11 34 (2.53%) Redis
12 26 (1.93%) Hadoop
13 21 (1.56%) Power BI
14 19 (1.41%) HBase
15 16 (1.19%) GIS
16 15 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 15 (1.11%) Amazon RDS
16 15 (1.11%) Cosmos DB
16 15 (1.11%) Geospatial Data
16 15 (1.11%) QGIS
Development Applications
1 331 (24.59%) Git (software)
2 254 (18.87%) Jenkins
3 158 (11.74%) JIRA
4 126 (9.36%) Maven
5 91 (6.76%) JUnit
6 66 (4.90%) Mockito
7 65 (4.83%) Gradle
8 52 (3.86%) GitLab
8 52 (3.86%) gulp
8 52 (3.86%) Subversion
9 45 (3.34%) Selenium
10 42 (3.12%) webpack
11 40 (2.97%) TeamCity
12 39 (2.90%) Cucumber
12 39 (2.90%) Visual Studio Team System
13 37 (2.75%) Babel
14 33 (2.45%) SonarQube
15 31 (2.30%) Bitbucket
16 27 (2.01%) CircleCI
17 25 (1.86%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 220 (16.34%) Finance
2 135 (10.03%) Banking
3 60 (4.46%) Retail
4 56 (4.16%) Marketing
5 47 (3.49%) Front Office
6 35 (2.60%) Public Sector
7 24 (1.78%) Telecoms
8 23 (1.71%) Games
9 20 (1.49%) Advertising
10 17 (1.26%) Investment Banking
11 16 (1.19%) Publishing
12 9 (0.67%) Law
12 9 (0.67%) Legal
12 9 (0.67%) Pharmaceutical
13 6 (0.45%) Retail Banking
14 5 (0.37%) Multimedia
15 4 (0.30%) Electronics
15 4 (0.30%) French Language
16 3 (0.22%) Back Office
16 3 (0.22%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 897 (66.64%) Developer
2 254 (18.87%) Java Developer
3 133 (9.88%) Architect
4 123 (9.14%) Senior Developer
5 111 (8.25%) React Developer
6 100 (7.43%) .NET Developer
7 90 (6.69%) Full Stack Developer
8 69 (5.13%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 69 (5.13%) Python Developer
9 66 (4.90%) Solutions Architect
10 65 (4.83%) C# Developer
11 60 (4.46%) Angular Developer
12 59 (4.38%) JavaScript Developer
13 49 (3.64%) AWS Developer
14 44 (3.27%) Senior Java Developer
15 43 (3.19%) Agile Developer
16 39 (2.90%) C# .NET Developer
17 34 (2.53%) Backend Developer
18 30 (2.23%) Node.js Developer
18 30 (2.23%) Salesforce Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 313 (23.25%) SOAP
2 310 (23.03%) Web Services
3 295 (21.92%) Spring
4 255 (18.95%) JSON
5 241 (17.90%) HTML
6 238 (17.68%) AngularJS
7 225 (16.72%) CSS
8 218 (16.20%) React
9 211 (15.68%) Node.js
10 206 (15.30%) .NET
11 182 (13.52%) Spring Boot
12 163 (12.11%) Kafka
13 161 (11.96%) XML
14 117 (8.69%) HTML5
15 107 (7.95%) RESTful
16 96 (7.13%) Redux
17 87 (6.46%) ASP.NET Web API
18 73 (5.42%) OAuth
19 72 (5.35%) Django
19 72 (5.35%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 100 (7.43%) User Experience
2 81 (6.02%) Mobile App
3 61 (4.53%) Algorithms
4 56 (4.16%) Enterprise Software
5 55 (4.09%) Analytical Skills
6 52 (3.86%) Greenfield Project
7 38 (2.82%) Derivative
8 37 (2.75%) Data Structures
9 33 (2.45%) Linux Command Line
10 31 (2.30%) Fixed Income
11 24 (1.78%) Self-Motivation
12 22 (1.63%) Data Centre
13 21 (1.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 18 (1.34%) Public Cloud
15 17 (1.26%) iPad
15 17 (1.26%) Virtual Team
16 15 (1.11%) Client/Server
17 14 (1.04%) Video on Demand
18 13 (0.97%) Equities
18 13 (0.97%) Marketing Technology
Operating Systems
1 199 (14.78%) Linux
2 60 (4.46%) Android
3 52 (3.86%) Apple iOS
4 47 (3.49%) Unix
5 44 (3.27%) Windows
6 13 (0.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 11 (0.82%) Mac OS X
8 9 (0.67%) CentOS
8 9 (0.67%) Embedded Linux
9 7 (0.52%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.22%) Mac OS X Server
10 3 (0.22%) Solaris
11 2 (0.15%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.15%) VMS
12 1 (0.074%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.074%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 733 (54.46%) Agile Software Development
2 469 (34.84%) Microservices
3 425 (31.58%) TDD
4 315 (23.40%) DevOps
5 276 (20.51%) Scrum
6 205 (15.23%) BDD
7 180 (13.37%) Continuous Integration
8 163 (12.11%) Test Automation
9 136 (10.10%) MVC
10 128 (9.51%) Software Engineering
11 121 (8.99%) Front End Development
12 116 (8.62%) Kanban
13 113 (8.40%) Unit Testing
14 104 (7.73%) Open Source
15 103 (7.65%) SOA
16 96 (7.13%) OO
17 87 (6.46%) Problem-Solving
18 85 (6.32%) API Development
19 75 (5.57%) SDLC
20 73 (5.42%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 538 (39.97%) Java
2 506 (37.59%) JavaScript
3 306 (22.73%) SQL
4 230 (17.09%) Python
5 222 (16.49%) C#
6 171 (12.70%) Java 8
7 108 (8.02%) TypeScript
8 52 (3.86%) Apex Code
9 51 (3.79%) Scala
10 48 (3.57%) ES6
10 48 (3.57%) T-SQL
11 44 (3.27%) Shell Script
12 38 (2.82%) Bash Shell
13 33 (2.45%) Go
13 33 (2.45%) Ruby
14 32 (2.38%) Kotlin
15 28 (2.08%) PHP
16 20 (1.49%) C++
17 16 (1.19%) Groovy
17 16 (1.19%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 85 (6.32%) Degree
2 83 (6.17%) Security Cleared
3 74 (5.50%) SC Cleared
4 21 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (0.45%) Master's Degree
6 4 (0.30%) ITIL Certification
7 3 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
7 3 (0.22%) CISSP
7 3 (0.22%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.22%) OCPJP
7 3 (0.22%) Sun Certification
8 2 (0.15%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.15%) CCNA
8 2 (0.15%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.15%) PMI Certification
8 2 (0.15%) PMP
9 1 (0.074%) CEH
9 1 (0.074%) CISM
9 1 (0.074%) ISSAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 54 (4.01%) QA
2 7 (0.52%) GDPR
3 6 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (0.45%) MiFID
4 5 (0.37%) PSD2
4 5 (0.37%) SLA
5 3 (0.22%) WCAG
6 2 (0.15%) COBIT
6 2 (0.15%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
6 2 (0.15%) EMIR
6 2 (0.15%) HL7
6 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 2 (0.15%) NIST
6 2 (0.15%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.074%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.074%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.074%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 335 (24.89%) Docker
2 20 (1.49%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.52%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.30%) vSphere
5 2 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.15%) HDFS
5 2 (0.15%) NFS
5 2 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.15%) Varnish
6 1 (0.074%) Firmware
6 1 (0.074%) GridGain
6 1 (0.074%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.074%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.074%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 158 (11.74%) Kubernetes
2 51 (3.79%) Terraform
3 46 (3.42%) Ansible
4 16 (1.19%) Docker Swarm
4 16 (1.19%) Puppet
5 14 (1.04%) Single Sign-On
6 13 (0.97%) Grafana
7 12 (0.89%) Kibana
8 9 (0.67%) Consul
8 9 (0.67%) Graphite
8 9 (0.67%) logstash
8 9 (0.67%) ZABBIX
9 7 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
10 6 (0.45%) MIIS
11 5 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
11 5 (0.37%) ITRS Geneos
11 5 (0.37%) Jamf Pro
12 3 (0.22%) Norton AntiVirus
12 3 (0.22%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
13 2 (0.15%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 102 (7.58%) Oracle
2 90 (6.69%) Microsoft
3 84 (6.24%) Google
4 79 (5.87%) Salesforce.com
5 39 (2.90%) ServiceNow
6 37 (2.75%) MuleSoft
7 24 (1.78%) Red Hat
8 22 (1.63%) Adobe
9 21 (1.56%) Splunk
10 19 (1.41%) IBM
11 17 (1.26%) CA
12 16 (1.19%) SAP
13 15 (1.11%) ESRI
14 14 (1.04%) VMware
15 12 (0.89%) Apple
15 12 (0.89%) Cisco
15 12 (0.89%) Dell
15 12 (0.89%) Xamarin
16 9 (0.67%) Nintex
16 9 (0.67%) SaltStack