Period
to 19 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 19 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
England > London
6 months to
19 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 58 48 57
Rank change year-on-year -10 +9 0
Contract jobs citing REST 1,121 2,229 1,922
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.91% 5.06% 4.13%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.75% 13.22% 11.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 815 1,633 1,470
London median daily rate £550 £550 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.32% +7.89%
10th Percentile £401 £413 £393
90th Percentile £675 £663 £625
England median daily rate £515 £510 £483
% change year-on-year +0.98% +5.70% +7.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 8 10
London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +86.05% -58.05%
England median hourly rate £46.00 £50.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -8.00% +11.11% +11.11%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 10,429 16,863 16,714
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.37% 38.27% 35.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,596 12,660 12,969
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £375 £375 £356
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +9.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 72 74 111
London median hourly rate £47.83 £36.00 £33.54
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.86% +7.33% -25.47%
10th Percentile £25.68 £25.13 £20.00
90th Percentile £78.75 £53.75 £48.75
England median hourly rate £42.25 £41.85 £40.00
% change year-on-year +0.97% +4.61% -

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 19 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 19 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the London region over the 6 months to 19 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -17 221 £513 -4.65% 127
South London +18 51 £600 +14.29% 22
East London +9 30 £550 -2.22% 26
West London -17 20 £500 +2.56% 69
REST
England

For the 6 months to 19 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for REST.

1 595 (53.08%) Agile Software Development
2 483 (43.09%) Java
3 370 (33.01%) Microservices
4 328 (29.26%) JavaScript
5 309 (27.56%) Web Services
6 308 (27.48%) AWS
7 286 (25.51%) Docker
8 274 (24.44%) TDD
9 266 (23.73%) Spring
10 257 (22.93%) DevOps
11 250 (22.30%) SOAP
12 245 (21.86%) SQL
13 243 (21.68%) AngularJS
14 239 (21.32%) Git (software)
15 223 (19.89%) JSON
16 219 (19.54%) Scrum
17 199 (17.75%) Jenkins
18 177 (15.79%) Finance
18 177 (15.79%) Java 8
19 171 (15.25%) HTML
20 170 (15.17%) Python
21 163 (14.54%) Linux
21 163 (14.54%) C#
22 162 (14.45%) Spring Boot
23 161 (14.36%) React
23 161 (14.36%) XML
24 160 (14.27%) SQL Server
25 158 (14.09%) Azure
26 157 (14.01%) BDD
26 157 (14.01%) CSS

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 119 (10.62%) Elasticsearch
2 84 (7.49%) Confluence
3 40 (3.57%) WebLogic
4 37 (3.30%) Apache
5 30 (2.68%) Tomcat
6 24 (2.14%) JBoss
7 19 (1.69%) Red Hat Fuse
8 18 (1.61%) Apache Spark
8 18 (1.61%) CMS
9 17 (1.52%) IIS
10 15 (1.34%) MQSeries
11 12 (1.07%) SharePoint
12 11 (0.98%) SAS
13 9 (0.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 8 (0.71%) Drupal
15 7 (0.62%) Mule
16 6 (0.54%) Jetty
17 5 (0.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 5 (0.45%) Mule ESB
17 5 (0.45%) WebSphere
Applications
1 5 (0.45%) Chatbot
1 5 (0.45%) Photoshop
2 4 (0.36%) InDesign
3 3 (0.27%) InfoPath
3 3 (0.27%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.089%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 8 (0.71%) NetSuite
1 8 (0.71%) thinkFolio
2 5 (0.45%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 4 (0.36%) Temenos T24
4 3 (0.27%) Eloqua
4 3 (0.27%) Magento
4 3 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.27%) SAP MM
4 3 (0.27%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.18%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.18%) Shopify
5 2 (0.18%) Social Studio
6 1 (0.089%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 308 (27.48%) AWS
2 158 (14.09%) Azure
3 59 (5.26%) GCP
4 54 (4.82%) SaaS
5 42 (3.75%) GitHub
6 27 (2.41%) PaaS
7 25 (2.23%) Amazon EC2
7 25 (2.23%) Serverless
8 17 (1.52%) npm
9 16 (1.43%) Amazon S3
9 16 (1.43%) AWS Lambda
10 15 (1.34%) IaaS
11 11 (0.98%) Power Platform
11 11 (0.98%) Salesforce Service Cloud
12 10 (0.89%) Boomi
13 9 (0.80%) Amazon EKS
13 9 (0.80%) Amazon SQS
14 8 (0.71%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
14 8 (0.71%) TestFlight
15 7 (0.62%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 85 (7.58%) HTTP
2 27 (2.41%) SSL
3 26 (2.32%) TCP/IP
4 14 (1.25%) HTTPS
5 12 (1.07%) DNS
6 11 (0.98%) FTP
7 10 (0.89%) Internet
8 9 (0.80%) MQTT
9 7 (0.62%) Firewall
10 5 (0.45%) VPN
11 4 (0.36%) AMQP
11 4 (0.36%) DHCP
11 4 (0.36%) Kerberos
12 3 (0.27%) DOCSIS
12 3 (0.27%) Reverse Proxy
12 3 (0.27%) Skype
12 3 (0.27%) SNMP
13 2 (0.18%) Cisco IOS
13 2 (0.18%) Network Security
13 2 (0.18%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 160 (14.27%) SQL Server
2 120 (10.70%) MySQL
3 116 (10.35%) NoSQL
4 93 (8.30%) PostgreSQL
5 71 (6.33%) Relational Database
6 53 (4.73%) MongoDB
7 47 (4.19%) Big Data
8 35 (3.12%) Apache Cassandra
8 35 (3.12%) RDBMS
8 35 (3.12%) Redis
9 22 (1.96%) Oracle Database
10 21 (1.87%) Amazon RDS
11 20 (1.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 17 (1.52%) SQL Server 2008
13 16 (1.43%) Hadoop
14 12 (1.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 12 (1.07%) Oracle Database 12c
15 11 (0.98%) Power BI
16 10 (0.89%) HBase
16 10 (0.89%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 239 (21.32%) Git (software)
2 199 (17.75%) Jenkins
3 121 (10.79%) JIRA
4 118 (10.53%) JUnit
4 118 (10.53%) Maven
5 89 (7.94%) Gradle
6 75 (6.69%) Mockito
7 64 (5.71%) Selenium
8 53 (4.73%) GitLab
9 45 (4.01%) Cucumber
10 41 (3.66%) gulp
10 41 (3.66%) TeamCity
11 33 (2.94%) Jasmine
12 31 (2.77%) Protractor
13 27 (2.41%) Postman
13 27 (2.41%) webpack
14 23 (2.05%) Babel
14 23 (2.05%) Xcode
15 22 (1.96%) Subversion
16 20 (1.78%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 177 (15.79%) Finance
2 105 (9.37%) Banking
3 60 (5.35%) Retail
4 52 (4.64%) Marketing
4 52 (4.64%) Public Sector
5 40 (3.57%) Front Office
6 14 (1.25%) Games
7 13 (1.16%) Advertising
8 10 (0.89%) Investment Banking
9 9 (0.80%) Law
10 7 (0.62%) Back Office
10 7 (0.62%) Pharmaceutical
11 6 (0.54%) Legal
11 6 (0.54%) Publishing
11 6 (0.54%) Telecoms
12 4 (0.36%) Multimedia
13 3 (0.27%) French Language
14 2 (0.18%) German Language
14 2 (0.18%) iGaming
14 2 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 763 (68.06%) Developer
2 243 (21.68%) Java Developer
3 106 (9.46%) Architect
4 90 (8.03%) Senior Developer
5 75 (6.69%) React Developer
6 64 (5.71%) Angular Developer
6 64 (5.71%) Full Stack Developer
7 60 (5.35%) AWS Developer
8 57 (5.08%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 55 (4.91%) .NET Developer
10 48 (4.28%) C# Developer
11 41 (3.66%) Senior Java Developer
12 38 (3.39%) Salesforce Developer
13 36 (3.21%) JavaScript Developer
14 35 (3.12%) Backend Developer
15 30 (2.68%) Solutions Architect
16 29 (2.59%) Agile Developer
17 26 (2.32%) Python Developer
18 24 (2.14%) Cloud Architect
19 23 (2.05%) iOS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 309 (27.56%) Web Services
2 266 (23.73%) Spring
3 250 (22.30%) SOAP
4 243 (21.68%) AngularJS
5 223 (19.89%) JSON
6 171 (15.25%) HTML
7 162 (14.45%) Spring Boot
8 161 (14.36%) React
8 161 (14.36%) XML
9 157 (14.01%) CSS
10 143 (12.76%) .NET
11 134 (11.95%) Kafka
12 133 (11.86%) Node.js
13 95 (8.47%) HTML5
14 75 (6.69%) RabbitMQ
15 65 (5.80%) RESTful
16 64 (5.71%) Hibernate
17 58 (5.17%) Redux
18 52 (4.64%) OAuth
18 52 (4.64%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 74 (6.60%) User Experience
2 63 (5.62%) Greenfield Project
3 60 (5.35%) Analytical Skills
4 48 (4.28%) Mobile App
5 45 (4.01%) Algorithms
6 40 (3.57%) Data Structures
7 35 (3.12%) Enterprise Software
8 27 (2.41%) Fixed Income
9 21 (1.87%) Derivative
10 20 (1.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 18 (1.61%) iPad
11 18 (1.61%) Virtual Team
12 14 (1.25%) Linux Command Line
13 13 (1.16%) Replication
14 10 (0.89%) Self-Motivation
15 9 (0.80%) Equities
15 9 (0.80%) Video on Demand
16 8 (0.71%) Client/Server
16 8 (0.71%) N-Tier
17 7 (0.62%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 163 (14.54%) Linux
2 43 (3.84%) Android
3 41 (3.66%) Apple iOS
4 40 (3.57%) Unix
5 37 (3.30%) Windows
6 21 (1.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 15 (1.34%) CentOS
8 10 (0.89%) Ubuntu
9 9 (0.80%) Mac OS X
10 8 (0.71%) Mac OS
11 7 (0.62%) Solaris
12 6 (0.54%) Oracle Linux
13 5 (0.45%) Embedded Linux
14 3 (0.27%) Mac OS X Server
14 3 (0.27%) Windows Server
15 1 (0.089%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 595 (53.08%) Agile Software Development
2 370 (33.01%) Microservices
3 274 (24.44%) TDD
4 257 (22.93%) DevOps
5 219 (19.54%) Scrum
6 157 (14.01%) BDD
7 124 (11.06%) Continuous Integration
8 118 (10.53%) Test Automation
9 109 (9.72%) MVC
10 101 (9.01%) Open Source
11 98 (8.74%) Front End Development
12 93 (8.30%) Software Engineering
13 90 (8.03%) Pair Programming
14 80 (7.14%) Problem-Solving
15 73 (6.51%) Unit Testing
16 71 (6.33%) API Development
17 69 (6.16%) SDLC
18 67 (5.98%) OO
19 65 (5.80%) Computer Science
20 64 (5.71%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 483 (43.09%) Java
2 328 (29.26%) JavaScript
3 245 (21.86%) SQL
4 177 (15.79%) Java 8
5 170 (15.17%) Python
6 163 (14.54%) C#
7 76 (6.78%) TypeScript
8 55 (4.91%) T-SQL
9 47 (4.19%) Apex Code
10 46 (4.10%) PHP
10 46 (4.10%) Scala
11 35 (3.12%) Ruby
12 32 (2.85%) Groovy
13 31 (2.77%) Bash Shell
13 31 (2.77%) ES6
14 28 (2.50%) PL/SQL
15 27 (2.41%) Kotlin
16 26 (2.32%) Go
17 22 (1.96%) Perl
18 21 (1.87%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 72 (6.42%) Security Cleared
2 71 (6.33%) Degree
3 61 (5.44%) SC Cleared
4 26 (2.32%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (0.98%) Master's Degree
6 6 (0.54%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (0.36%) OCPJP
8 3 (0.27%) CCNA
8 3 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
8 3 (0.27%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.18%) CCNP
9 2 (0.18%) CSPO
9 2 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
9 2 (0.18%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.18%) Sun Certification
9 2 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
10 1 (0.089%) CCIE
10 1 (0.089%) CHECK Team Member
10 1 (0.089%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (3.57%) QA
2 9 (0.80%) ISO/IEC 20000
2 9 (0.80%) MiFID
3 7 (0.62%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.54%) GDPR
5 4 (0.36%) WCAG
6 3 (0.27%) Government Security Classifications
6 3 (0.27%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.27%) NCSC
7 2 (0.18%) COBIT
7 2 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.18%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.18%) PMO
7 2 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.18%) SLA
8 1 (0.089%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.089%) EMIR
8 1 (0.089%) HL7
8 1 (0.089%) ISO 8583
8 1 (0.089%) PSD2
System Software
1 286 (25.51%) Docker
2 10 (0.89%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.80%) Oracle RAC
4 2 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.18%) LXC
4 2 (0.18%) Postfix
4 2 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.089%) HDFS
5 1 (0.089%) NFS
5 1 (0.089%) Varnish
5 1 (0.089%) VirtualBox
5 1 (0.089%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.089%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 150 (13.38%) Kubernetes
2 31 (2.77%) Terraform
3 21 (1.87%) Single Sign-On
4 20 (1.78%) Ansible
5 15 (1.34%) Docker Swarm
6 10 (0.89%) Jamf Pro
7 9 (0.80%) Data Guard
7 9 (0.80%) Oracle RMAN
8 8 (0.71%) Kibana
8 8 (0.71%) Norton AntiVirus
8 8 (0.71%) Puppet
8 8 (0.71%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
9 6 (0.54%) MIIS
10 5 (0.45%) Grafana
10 5 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
11 4 (0.36%) ZABBIX
12 3 (0.27%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 2 (0.18%) HP Fortify
13 2 (0.18%) Nessus
13 2 (0.18%) Oracle Identity Management
Vendors
1 92 (8.21%) Oracle
2 81 (7.23%) Salesforce.com
3 55 (4.91%) Microsoft
4 53 (4.73%) Google
5 47 (4.19%) MuleSoft
6 39 (3.48%) Red Hat
7 24 (2.14%) Apple
8 21 (1.87%) ServiceNow
9 15 (1.34%) Axway
9 15 (1.34%) IBM
9 15 (1.34%) Sybase
10 14 (1.25%) Dell
11 13 (1.16%) Xamarin
12 12 (1.07%) SAP
13 10 (0.89%) Cisco
13 10 (0.89%) hybris
13 10 (0.89%) Splunk
14 8 (0.71%) Symantec
14 8 (0.71%) webMethods
14 8 (0.71%) WSO2