Period
to 1 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 1 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
England > London
6 months to
1 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 58 67 51
Rank change year-on-year +9 -16 +4
Contract jobs citing REST 582 1,417 2,197
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.31% 3.70% 4.82%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.39% 10.16% 12.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 421 1,036 1,714
Median daily rate £525 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £375 £409 £413
90th Percentile £700 £675 £638
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 8 6
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.12 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.91% -6.39% +16.13%
England median hourly rate £35.00 £52.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -33.33% +16.67% -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 5,111 13,943 17,990
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 37.81% 36.43% 39.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,578 10,418 13,604
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £363 £375 £375
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 71 88
Median hourly rate £35.00 £47.83 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.82% +9.33% +32.58%
10th Percentile £22.80 £21.25 £20.48
90th Percentile £47.93 £68.75 £72.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.25
% change year-on-year -22.22% +6.51% +5.63%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST in London.

Daily rate trend for REST in London

REST
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST in London.

Hourly rate trend for REST in London

REST
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the London region over the 6 months to 1 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +22 82 £550 +2.33% 67
South London +32 44 £425 -16.05% 12
West London +34 18 £500 -4.76% 42
North London +22 3 - - 2
East London +2 2 £425 -22.73% 9
REST
England

For the 6 months to 1 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for REST.

1 316 (54.30%) Agile Software Development
2 302 (51.89%) Java
3 175 (30.07%) Web Services
4 174 (29.90%) Microservices
5 165 (28.35%) JavaScript
6 146 (25.09%) Finance
7 145 (24.91%) Git (software)
8 144 (24.74%) Jenkins
9 136 (23.37%) Spring
10 131 (22.51%) AWS
11 128 (21.99%) SQL
12 127 (21.82%) HTML
12 127 (21.82%) DevOps
13 126 (21.65%) Test Automation
14 121 (20.79%) SOAP
14 121 (20.79%) Python
15 109 (18.73%) Banking
15 109 (18.73%) BDD
16 108 (18.56%) TDD
16 108 (18.56%) JSON
17 106 (18.21%) Linux
18 103 (17.70%) Security Cleared
18 103 (17.70%) Docker
19 100 (17.18%) CSS
20 93 (15.98%) Scrum
21 88 (15.12%) SC Cleared
22 87 (14.95%) AngularJS
23 83 (14.26%) XML
24 81 (13.92%) Azure
25 74 (12.71%) JIRA

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (8.59%) Confluence
2 41 (7.04%) Red Hat Fuse
3 39 (6.70%) Apache
4 29 (4.98%) Mule
4 29 (4.98%) Tomcat
5 28 (4.81%) Elasticsearch
6 21 (3.61%) JBoss
7 15 (2.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 15 (2.58%) WebLogic
8 14 (2.41%) WebSphere
9 13 (2.23%) SharePoint
9 13 (2.23%) WebSphere Application Server
10 10 (1.72%) IIS
11 7 (1.20%) CMS
11 7 (1.20%) IBM HTTP Server
12 4 (0.69%) EPiServer
12 4 (0.69%) MQSeries
12 4 (0.69%) nginx
13 3 (0.52%) Anypoint
13 3 (0.52%) Oracle HTTP Server
Applications
1 3 (0.52%) Photoshop
2 2 (0.34%) Adobe Illustrator
2 2 (0.34%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.17%) Adobe XD
3 1 (0.17%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.17%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 12 (2.06%) Oracle ERP
2 7 (1.20%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (1.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 5 (0.86%) Dynamics AX
3 5 (0.86%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.34%) Aligne
4 2 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.34%) Orchestrade
5 1 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.17%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.17%) Maximo
5 1 (0.17%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.17%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.17%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 131 (22.51%) AWS
2 81 (13.92%) Azure
3 38 (6.53%) SaaS
4 37 (6.36%) GitHub
5 29 (4.98%) PaaS
5 29 (4.98%) Serverless
6 23 (3.95%) GCP
7 19 (3.26%) AWS Lambda
8 17 (2.92%) IaaS
8 17 (2.92%) Power Platform
9 15 (2.58%) Amazon EC2
9 15 (2.58%) AWS CloudFormation
10 13 (2.23%) Office 365
11 12 (2.06%) Amazon ECS
11 12 (2.06%) Amazon S3
12 10 (1.72%) Slack
13 9 (1.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 9 (1.55%) Dynamics 365
14 8 (1.37%) Apigee
14 8 (1.37%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 37 (6.36%) HTTP
2 11 (1.89%) TCP/IP
3 10 (1.72%) Firewall
4 7 (1.20%) DNS
5 5 (0.86%) SSL
6 4 (0.69%) HTTPS
6 4 (0.69%) Reverse Proxy
6 4 (0.69%) VPN
7 3 (0.52%) DVB
7 3 (0.52%) Internet
7 3 (0.52%) SNMP
7 3 (0.52%) SSH
7 3 (0.52%) VLAN
8 2 (0.34%) AMQP
8 2 (0.34%) LAN
8 2 (0.34%) WAN
9 1 (0.17%) FTP
9 1 (0.17%) ISDN
9 1 (0.17%) SMTP
9 1 (0.17%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (10.48%) Relational Database
1 61 (10.48%) SQL Server
2 50 (8.59%) NoSQL
3 43 (7.39%) PostgreSQL
4 42 (7.22%) MongoDB
5 32 (5.50%) MySQL
6 16 (2.75%) Power BI
7 15 (2.58%) Data Warehouse
8 14 (2.41%) Redis
9 12 (2.06%) Big Data
9 12 (2.06%) Oracle Database
10 11 (1.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 11 (1.89%) RDBMS
11 9 (1.55%) Amazon RDS
11 9 (1.55%) Apache Cassandra
12 8 (1.37%) Hadoop
12 8 (1.37%) Oracle ODI
13 7 (1.20%) Oracle Database 11g
13 7 (1.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 6 (1.03%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 145 (24.91%) Git (software)
2 144 (24.74%) Jenkins
3 74 (12.71%) JIRA
4 54 (9.28%) Cucumber
5 49 (8.42%) Selenium
6 46 (7.90%) Maven
7 40 (6.87%) JUnit
8 29 (4.98%) WebDriver
9 28 (4.81%) Jasmine
10 25 (4.30%) Subversion
11 23 (3.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 23 (3.95%) Postman
12 21 (3.61%) GitLab
13 19 (3.26%) REST Assured
14 18 (3.09%) Cypress.io
14 18 (3.09%) SoapUI
15 17 (2.92%) Gradle
15 17 (2.92%) Mockito
15 17 (2.92%) Sonatype Nexus
16 13 (2.23%) TeamCity
General
1 146 (25.09%) Finance
2 109 (18.73%) Banking
3 43 (7.39%) Investment Banking
4 40 (6.87%) Front Office
5 32 (5.50%) Public Sector
6 18 (3.09%) Marketing
7 11 (1.89%) Financial Institution
7 11 (1.89%) Telecoms
8 9 (1.55%) Games
8 9 (1.55%) Manufacturing
9 8 (1.37%) Back Office
9 8 (1.37%) Retail
10 7 (1.20%) Retail Banking
11 5 (0.86%) French Language
12 4 (0.69%) Advertising
13 3 (0.52%) Law
14 2 (0.34%) Electronics
15 1 (0.17%) Dutch Language
15 1 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.17%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 360 (61.86%) Developer
2 104 (17.87%) Java Developer
3 53 (9.11%) Senior Developer
4 50 (8.59%) Architect
5 41 (7.04%) Python Developer
6 32 (5.50%) Full Stack Developer
7 28 (4.81%) C# Developer
7 28 (4.81%) Senior Java Developer
8 26 (4.47%) Consultant
8 26 (4.47%) Solutions Architect
9 24 (4.12%) .NET Developer
9 24 (4.12%) Angular Developer
10 22 (3.78%) AWS Developer
10 22 (3.78%) JavaScript Developer
11 21 (3.61%) Analyst
12 20 (3.44%) Backend Developer
12 20 (3.44%) React Developer
13 18 (3.09%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 17 (2.92%) QA Engineer
15 16 (2.75%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 175 (30.07%) Web Services
2 136 (23.37%) Spring
3 127 (21.82%) HTML
4 121 (20.79%) SOAP
5 108 (18.56%) JSON
6 100 (17.18%) CSS
7 87 (14.95%) AngularJS
8 83 (14.26%) XML
9 73 (12.54%) Spring Boot
10 60 (10.31%) .NET
11 57 (9.79%) Middleware
11 57 (9.79%) React
12 52 (8.93%) Node.js
13 51 (8.76%) Apache Camel
14 48 (8.25%) Kafka
15 45 (7.73%) HTML5
16 40 (6.87%) jQuery
17 37 (6.36%) Hibernate
18 36 (6.19%) JMS
19 32 (5.50%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 42 (7.22%) User Experience
2 39 (6.70%) Mobile App
3 36 (6.19%) Analytical Skills
4 26 (4.47%) Enterprise Software
5 18 (3.09%) Cloud Native
6 15 (2.58%) Fixed Income
7 11 (1.89%) Algorithms
8 10 (1.72%) Clustering
8 10 (1.72%) Public Cloud
9 9 (1.55%) CMDB
9 9 (1.55%) Data Structures
9 9 (1.55%) Greenfield Project
10 7 (1.20%) Derivative
10 7 (1.20%) Management Information System
10 7 (1.20%) Private Cloud
10 7 (1.20%) Virtual Team
11 6 (1.03%) DataPower
11 6 (1.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 6 (1.03%) Self-Motivation
11 6 (1.03%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 106 (18.21%) Linux
2 34 (5.84%) Windows
3 32 (5.50%) Unix
4 29 (4.98%) Android
4 29 (4.98%) Apple iOS
5 11 (1.89%) Mac OS X
6 10 (1.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (1.20%) CentOS
8 6 (1.03%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.52%) Windows 10
9 3 (0.52%) Windows Server 2016
10 2 (0.34%) Debian
10 2 (0.34%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 316 (54.30%) Agile Software Development
2 174 (29.90%) Microservices
3 127 (21.82%) DevOps
4 126 (21.65%) Test Automation
5 109 (18.73%) BDD
6 108 (18.56%) TDD
7 93 (15.98%) Scrum
8 71 (12.20%) Continuous Integration
9 63 (10.82%) Open Source
10 59 (10.14%) OO
11 44 (7.56%) Software Engineering
12 42 (7.22%) Continuous Delivery
13 41 (7.04%) API Development
13 41 (7.04%) Pair Programming
13 41 (7.04%) SDLC
14 40 (6.87%) Front End Development
14 40 (6.87%) Kanban
14 40 (6.87%) Web Development
15 37 (6.36%) Computer Science
15 37 (6.36%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 302 (51.89%) Java
2 165 (28.35%) JavaScript
3 128 (21.99%) SQL
4 121 (20.79%) Python
5 72 (12.37%) C#
6 70 (12.03%) Java 8
7 33 (5.67%) TypeScript
8 26 (4.47%) PL/SQL
9 22 (3.78%) PowerShell
10 20 (3.44%) Go
11 18 (3.09%) Apple Swift
12 17 (2.92%) Shell Script
13 15 (2.58%) Bash Shell
13 15 (2.58%) C++
13 15 (2.58%) PHP
14 14 (2.41%) Apex Code
14 14 (2.41%) Kotlin
14 14 (2.41%) Scala
15 13 (2.23%) Groovy
15 13 (2.23%) Perl
Qualifications
1 103 (17.70%) Security Cleared
2 88 (15.12%) SC Cleared
3 32 (5.50%) Degree
4 21 (3.61%) Computer Science Degree
5 20 (3.44%) DV Cleared
6 10 (1.72%) Master's Degree
7 3 (0.52%) ISTQB
7 3 (0.52%) TOGAF Certification
8 2 (0.34%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.34%) ISEB
9 1 (0.17%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.17%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (10.65%) QA
2 4 (0.69%) GDPR
2 4 (0.69%) PSD2
3 2 (0.34%) ISO 9001
3 2 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 2 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (0.34%) MiFID
4 1 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
4 1 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
4 1 (0.17%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.17%) NCSC
4 1 (0.17%) NIST
4 1 (0.17%) PMO
4 1 (0.17%) WCAG
System Software
1 103 (17.70%) Docker
2 8 (1.37%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.86%) VMware Infrastructure
3 5 (0.86%) vSphere
4 2 (0.34%) Oracle RAC
5 1 (0.17%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 67 (11.51%) Kubernetes
2 25 (4.30%) Terraform
3 17 (2.92%) Ansible
4 10 (1.72%) Grafana
5 9 (1.55%) Puppet
6 7 (1.20%) Prometheus
7 6 (1.03%) Kibana
7 6 (1.03%) Single Sign-On
8 3 (0.52%) Forum Sentry
8 3 (0.52%) HP SIM
8 3 (0.52%) Icinga
8 3 (0.52%) Nagios
8 3 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (0.52%) Opsview
8 3 (0.52%) Packer
8 3 (0.52%) Salt
8 3 (0.52%) ZABBIX
9 2 (0.34%) Data Guard
9 2 (0.34%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 2 (0.34%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 64 (11.00%) Oracle
2 28 (4.81%) Microsoft
3 27 (4.64%) Splunk
4 22 (3.78%) Salesforce.com
4 22 (3.78%) ServiceNow
5 20 (3.44%) Google
6 18 (3.09%) MuleSoft
7 15 (2.58%) Atlassian
8 14 (2.41%) Sybase
9 11 (1.89%) IBM
10 10 (1.72%) AppDynamics
10 10 (1.72%) Red Hat
10 10 (1.72%) SAP
11 9 (1.55%) Murex
12 8 (1.37%) HP
13 7 (1.20%) Sparx
13 7 (1.20%) VMware
14 6 (1.03%) Tableau
15 5 (0.86%) Micro Focus
15 5 (0.86%) RedGate