Period
to 4 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 4 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
England > London
6 months to
4 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 56 56 52
Rank change year-on-year 0 -4 +9
Contract jobs citing REST 774 1,798 2,068
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.15% 4.53% 4.57%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.86% 12.24% 12.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 574 1,308 1,566
Median daily rate £550 £550 £516
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.54% +8.57%
10th Percentile £413 £400 £400
90th Percentile £700 £664 £638
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 10 18
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +62.79% -58.05%
England median hourly rate £40.50 £50.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -19.01% +17.65% -15.00%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 7,128 14,695 16,661
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.19% 36.99% 36.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,117 10,935 12,709
Median daily rate £530 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.95% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £375 £375 £363
90th Percentile £700 £675 £663
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 54 72 116
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.74 £43.71
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.77% +2.36% -0.66%
10th Percentile £24.65 £30.93 £20.98
90th Percentile £65.18 £68.25 £68.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -20.45% +3.53% +3.66%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST in London.

Daily rate trend for REST in London

REST
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 4 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST in London.

Hourly rate trend for REST in London

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 4 June 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the London region over the 6 months to 4 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -2 140 £525 -1.41% 24
South London +31 54 £564 +18.74% 4
West London -2 14 £495 -5.71% 17
East London -3 11 £550 - 7
REST
England

For the 6 months to 4 June 2020, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for REST.

1 422 (54.52%) Agile Software Development
2 330 (42.64%) Java
3 295 (38.11%) Web Services
4 225 (29.07%) Microservices
5 217 (28.04%) JavaScript
6 213 (27.52%) SOAP
7 186 (24.03%) AngularJS
8 184 (23.77%) Docker
9 183 (23.64%) AWS
10 178 (23.00%) DevOps
11 174 (22.48%) SQL
12 154 (19.90%) JSON
13 148 (19.12%) Git (software)
14 147 (18.99%) TDD
15 141 (18.22%) Finance
16 136 (17.57%) Spring
17 132 (17.05%) Kubernetes
18 130 (16.80%) XML
19 127 (16.41%) Jenkins
20 126 (16.28%) C#
21 121 (15.63%) HTML
21 121 (15.63%) SQL Server
21 121 (15.63%) Azure
22 115 (14.86%) BDD
23 111 (14.34%) Test Automation
24 110 (14.21%) Security Cleared
25 109 (14.08%) Elasticsearch
26 108 (13.95%) Python
26 108 (13.95%) Scrum
27 105 (13.57%) React

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 109 (14.08%) Elasticsearch
2 64 (8.27%) Confluence
3 37 (4.78%) WebLogic
4 33 (4.26%) Tomcat
5 29 (3.75%) Red Hat Fuse
6 27 (3.49%) JBoss
7 24 (3.10%) Apache
8 19 (2.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 17 (2.20%) IIS
10 16 (2.07%) MQSeries
11 13 (1.68%) CMS
12 12 (1.55%) SAS
13 8 (1.03%) Mule
14 6 (0.78%) Drupal
15 4 (0.52%) Apache Spark
15 4 (0.52%) SharePoint
15 4 (0.52%) WebSphere
16 3 (0.39%) Anypoint
16 3 (0.39%) Mule ESB
16 3 (0.39%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 5 (0.65%) Chatbot
2 4 (0.52%) Figma
2 4 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.39%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.13%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 15 (1.94%) Oracle ERP
2 7 (0.90%) NetSuite
3 5 (0.65%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 4 (0.52%) Magento
5 3 (0.39%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.26%) Shopify
7 1 (0.13%) Maximo
7 1 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.13%) Social Studio
Cloud Services
1 183 (23.64%) AWS
2 121 (15.63%) Azure
3 57 (7.36%) SaaS
4 38 (4.91%) GitHub
5 32 (4.13%) GCP
6 28 (3.62%) PaaS
7 24 (3.10%) Serverless
8 22 (2.84%) Amazon EC2
9 16 (2.07%) AWS Lambda
10 15 (1.94%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
11 13 (1.68%) AWS CloudFormation
12 12 (1.55%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 11 (1.42%) Amazon S3
13 11 (1.42%) npm
14 10 (1.29%) Amazon ECS
15 9 (1.16%) Slack
16 8 (1.03%) Amazon EKS
16 8 (1.03%) IaaS
16 8 (1.03%) OpenShift
16 8 (1.03%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 61 (7.88%) HTTP
2 15 (1.94%) SSL
3 9 (1.16%) HTTPS
3 9 (1.16%) TCP/IP
4 8 (1.03%) DNS
5 7 (0.90%) DHCP
5 7 (0.90%) DOCSIS
5 7 (0.90%) SNMP
6 6 (0.78%) Firewall
6 6 (0.78%) MQTT
6 6 (0.78%) VPN
7 5 (0.65%) AMQP
7 5 (0.65%) Internet
7 5 (0.65%) SSH
8 3 (0.39%) FTP
8 3 (0.39%) Reverse Proxy
8 3 (0.39%) Wireless
9 2 (0.26%) Broadband
9 2 (0.26%) SMTP
10 1 (0.13%) IKE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 121 (15.63%) SQL Server
2 81 (10.47%) MySQL
3 58 (7.49%) PostgreSQL
4 57 (7.36%) Relational Database
5 51 (6.59%) NoSQL
6 38 (4.91%) Big Data
7 36 (4.65%) MongoDB
8 21 (2.71%) Redis
9 20 (2.58%) Apache Cassandra
10 18 (2.33%) Oracle Database
11 17 (2.20%) Amazon RDS
12 16 (2.07%) RDBMS
13 11 (1.42%) Oracle ODI
14 10 (1.29%) SQL Server 2008
15 9 (1.16%) Oracle Database 12c
16 8 (1.03%) Oracle Exadata
16 8 (1.03%) Power BI
17 7 (0.90%) Aerospike
17 7 (0.90%) Hadoop
17 7 (0.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 148 (19.12%) Git (software)
2 127 (16.41%) Jenkins
3 81 (10.47%) JIRA
4 63 (8.14%) Selenium
5 61 (7.88%) JUnit
6 56 (7.24%) Maven
7 46 (5.94%) Gradle
8 44 (5.68%) Postman
9 43 (5.56%) Jasmine
10 39 (5.04%) Cucumber
11 36 (4.65%) Mockito
12 29 (3.75%) Xcode
13 28 (3.62%) GitLab
13 28 (3.62%) TeamCity
14 27 (3.49%) Protractor
15 26 (3.36%) SoapUI
16 25 (3.23%) WebDriver
17 18 (2.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 18 (2.33%) webpack
18 16 (2.07%) SonarQube
General
1 141 (18.22%) Finance
2 81 (10.47%) Banking
3 65 (8.40%) Public Sector
4 42 (5.43%) Front Office
5 34 (4.39%) Retail
6 29 (3.75%) Marketing
7 15 (1.94%) Investment Banking
8 14 (1.81%) Telecoms
9 11 (1.42%) Law
10 9 (1.16%) Financial Institution
11 8 (1.03%) Back Office
11 8 (1.03%) Retail Banking
12 6 (0.78%) Games
12 6 (0.78%) Manufacturing
13 4 (0.52%) Advertising
13 4 (0.52%) French Language
13 4 (0.52%) Legal
13 4 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.26%) Electronics
15 1 (0.13%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 522 (67.44%) Developer
2 139 (17.96%) Java Developer
3 78 (10.08%) Architect
4 61 (7.88%) Senior Developer
5 55 (7.11%) C# Developer
6 53 (6.85%) Angular Developer
7 45 (5.81%) React Developer
8 40 (5.17%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 39 (5.04%) .NET Developer
10 38 (4.91%) AWS Developer
11 37 (4.78%) Full Stack Developer
12 36 (4.65%) Backend Developer
12 36 (4.65%) Salesforce Developer
13 33 (4.26%) JavaScript Developer
14 25 (3.23%) iOS Developer
15 23 (2.97%) Analyst
16 21 (2.71%) Senior Java Developer
17 19 (2.45%) Python Developer
17 19 (2.45%) Software Engineer
18 18 (2.33%) Applications Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 295 (38.11%) Web Services
2 213 (27.52%) SOAP
3 186 (24.03%) AngularJS
4 154 (19.90%) JSON
5 136 (17.57%) Spring
6 130 (16.80%) XML
7 121 (15.63%) HTML
8 105 (13.57%) React
9 102 (13.18%) CSS
10 100 (12.92%) Spring Boot
11 95 (12.27%) .NET
12 90 (11.63%) Node.js
13 60 (7.75%) HTML5
14 57 (7.36%) Swagger
15 49 (6.33%) Hibernate
16 47 (6.07%) Redux
17 44 (5.68%) Kafka
18 41 (5.30%) RabbitMQ
19 38 (4.91%) Middleware
19 38 (4.91%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 79 (10.21%) User Experience
2 59 (7.62%) Analytical Skills
3 50 (6.46%) Greenfield Project
4 43 (5.56%) Mobile App
5 26 (3.36%) Data Structures
6 22 (2.84%) Algorithms
7 20 (2.58%) Cloud Native
8 14 (1.81%) Fixed Income
9 13 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
9 13 (1.68%) Public Cloud
10 10 (1.29%) Self-Motivation
11 8 (1.03%) Replication
12 7 (0.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 7 (0.90%) Video on Demand
13 6 (0.78%) Management Information System
13 6 (0.78%) Private Cloud
14 5 (0.65%) Derivative
14 5 (0.65%) FMCG
14 5 (0.65%) NHS
14 5 (0.65%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 87 (11.24%) Linux
2 50 (6.46%) Windows
3 39 (5.04%) Apple iOS
4 35 (4.52%) Android
5 24 (3.10%) Unix
6 19 (2.45%) Windows Server
7 13 (1.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 9 (1.16%) Ubuntu
9 6 (0.78%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.65%) CentOS
10 5 (0.65%) Oracle Linux
10 5 (0.65%) Solaris
11 3 (0.39%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.13%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.13%) Debian
12 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 422 (54.52%) Agile Software Development
2 225 (29.07%) Microservices
3 178 (23.00%) DevOps
4 147 (18.99%) TDD
5 115 (14.86%) BDD
6 111 (14.34%) Test Automation
7 108 (13.95%) Scrum
8 92 (11.89%) Front End Development
9 79 (10.21%) Pair Programming
10 76 (9.82%) Open Source
11 69 (8.91%) Continuous Integration
12 65 (8.40%) API Design
13 62 (8.01%) Unit Testing
14 55 (7.11%) Software Engineering
15 53 (6.85%) SDLC
16 48 (6.20%) SOA
17 43 (5.56%) Analytics
17 43 (5.56%) Computer Science
17 43 (5.56%) MVC
17 43 (5.56%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 330 (42.64%) Java
2 217 (28.04%) JavaScript
3 174 (22.48%) SQL
4 126 (16.28%) C#
5 108 (13.95%) Python
6 98 (12.66%) Java 8
7 82 (10.59%) TypeScript
8 37 (4.78%) T-SQL
9 34 (4.39%) PL/SQL
10 31 (4.01%) Apex Code
11 30 (3.88%) Groovy
12 27 (3.49%) PHP
13 20 (2.58%) Apple Swift
13 20 (2.58%) Go
14 18 (2.33%) ES6
15 17 (2.20%) Scala
16 16 (2.07%) Kotlin
16 16 (2.07%) Ruby
17 13 (1.68%) C
18 12 (1.55%) SOQL
Qualifications
1 110 (14.21%) Security Cleared
2 96 (12.40%) SC Cleared
3 47 (6.07%) Degree
4 34 (4.39%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (2.07%) DV Cleared
6 7 (0.90%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.65%) CCNA
7 5 (0.65%) CCNP
7 5 (0.65%) Cisco Certification
8 3 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.39%) TOGAF Certification
9 2 (0.26%) CSPO
9 2 (0.26%) CTC Cleared
9 2 (0.26%) ISEB
9 2 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.13%) CISM
10 1 (0.13%) CISSP
10 1 (0.13%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.13%) Postgraduate
10 1 (0.13%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (5.94%) QA
2 8 (1.03%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 6 (0.78%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.65%) GDPR
5 4 (0.52%) MiFID
6 3 (0.39%) Government Security Classifications
6 3 (0.39%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.39%) NCSC
6 3 (0.39%) PMO
6 3 (0.39%) PSD2
7 1 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.13%) HL7
7 1 (0.13%) SLA
7 1 (0.13%) WCAG
System Software
1 184 (23.77%) Docker
2 11 (1.42%) Active Directory
3 8 (1.03%) Oracle RAC
4 2 (0.26%) vSphere
5 1 (0.13%) LXC
5 1 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 132 (17.05%) Kubernetes
2 33 (4.26%) Terraform
3 15 (1.94%) Ansible
4 13 (1.68%) Single Sign-On
5 8 (1.03%) Data Guard
5 8 (1.03%) Oracle RMAN
6 5 (0.65%) Kibana
7 4 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
8 3 (0.39%) Grafana
8 3 (0.39%) Jamf Pro
8 3 (0.39%) Norton AntiVirus
8 3 (0.39%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 3 (0.39%) PowerCLI
8 3 (0.39%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
8 3 (0.39%) ZABBIX
9 2 (0.26%) HP ALM
9 2 (0.26%) Mesos
9 2 (0.26%) Opscode Chef
9 2 (0.26%) Puppet
9 2 (0.26%) Rancher
Vendors
1 95 (12.27%) Oracle
2 51 (6.59%) Salesforce.com
3 34 (4.39%) Microsoft
4 32 (4.13%) Red Hat
5 27 (3.49%) MuleSoft
6 19 (2.45%) Sybase
7 17 (2.20%) Google
8 16 (2.07%) Axway
8 16 (2.07%) Splunk
9 14 (1.81%) ServiceNow
10 13 (1.68%) IBM
11 11 (1.42%) Atlassian
12 9 (1.16%) HP
13 8 (1.03%) Cisco
13 8 (1.03%) hybris
14 7 (0.90%) Gemalto
14 7 (0.90%) SAP
15 6 (0.78%) Apple
15 6 (0.78%) Tableau
15 6 (0.78%) VMware