Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
England > London
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 62 63 59
Rank change year-on-year +1 -4 -9
Contract jobs citing REST 1,234 658 1,728
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.10% 4.15% 4.28%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.56% 10.86% 11.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 905 483 1,270
10th Percentile £411 £413 £406
25th Percentile £463 £450 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £538
Median % change year-on-year - +2.33% +2.38%
75th Percentile £658 £616 £600
90th Percentile £713 £700 £675
England median daily rate £525 £523 £500
% change year-on-year +0.38% +4.60% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 8
10th Percentile £33.43 " £32.50
25th Percentile £45.69 £53.75 £38.78
Median hourly rate £62.50 £57.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +27.78% +33.25%
75th Percentile £72.50 £61.25 £52.50
90th Percentile £77.00 " £52.88
England median hourly rate £53.75 £57.50 £52.50
% change year-on-year -6.52% +9.52% +23.53%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 10,677 6,061 14,847
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 35.51% 38.18% 36.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,954 4,511 11,191
10th Percentile £400 £375 £375
25th Percentile £463 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.44%
75th Percentile £650 £638 £603
90th Percentile £720 £713 £675
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 35 61
10th Percentile £24.85 £22.90 £13.50
25th Percentile £35.19 £31.06 £34.00
Median hourly rate £49.00 £47.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +4.26% -6.00% +16.96%
75th Percentile £65.00 £63.00 £55.00
90th Percentile £68.98 £67.91 £68.75
England median hourly rate £47.25 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +8.36%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST in London.

Daily rate trend for REST in London

REST
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST in London.

Hourly rate trend for REST in London

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the London region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -29 106 £598 +8.64% 114
West London +4 14 £660 +5.60% 60
South London -20 8 £475 +5.56% 14
East London +4 6 £468 -8.78% 37
REST
England

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for REST.

1 625 (50.65%) Java
2 568 (46.03%) Agile Software Development
3 364 (29.50%) Spring
4 360 (29.17%) Microservices
5 350 (28.36%) AWS
6 349 (28.28%) JavaScript
7 309 (25.04%) SQL
8 290 (23.50%) Web Services
9 289 (23.42%) Finance
10 282 (22.85%) SOAP
11 275 (22.29%) Git (software)
12 269 (21.80%) Jenkins
13 261 (21.15%) DevOps
14 249 (20.18%) HTML
15 246 (19.94%) TDD
16 236 (19.12%) React
17 235 (19.04%) Docker
17 235 (19.04%) Azure
18 226 (18.31%) Banking
19 224 (18.15%) Kubernetes
20 219 (17.75%) Social Skills
21 211 (17.10%) Scrum
22 210 (17.02%) Test Automation
23 206 (16.69%) CSS
23 206 (16.69%) Python
24 204 (16.53%) Maven
24 204 (16.53%) JSON
25 200 (16.21%) AngularJS
26 192 (15.56%) Spring Boot
27 191 (15.48%) Software Engineering

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (4.21%) Confluence
2 44 (3.57%) Mule
3 40 (3.24%) CMS
4 38 (3.08%) Red Hat Fuse
5 36 (2.92%) Apache
6 31 (2.51%) SharePoint
7 29 (2.35%) JBoss
7 29 (2.35%) Tomcat
8 26 (2.11%) Elasticsearch
9 15 (1.22%) Anypoint
9 15 (1.22%) IIS
9 15 (1.22%) Mule ESB
10 13 (1.05%) Cloud Foundry
11 11 (0.89%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 10 (0.81%) WebLogic
13 9 (0.73%) nginx
13 9 (0.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 9 (0.73%) WebSphere
14 7 (0.57%) Apache Spark
14 7 (0.57%) OpenStack
Applications
1 12 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.32%) Figma
3 4 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
3 4 (0.32%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.24%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.16%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.081%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.081%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 16 (1.30%) SunGard Martini
2 7 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.49%) Payment Gateway
4 5 (0.41%) Adobe Campaign
5 3 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.16%) ION MarketView
6 2 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.16%) SAP CRM
6 2 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.081%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.081%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.081%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.081%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.081%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.081%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.081%) Summit
7 1 (0.081%) Tesseract
7 1 (0.081%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 350 (28.36%) AWS
2 235 (19.04%) Azure
3 97 (7.86%) Serverless
4 83 (6.73%) GitHub
5 77 (6.24%) GCP
6 59 (4.78%) AWS Lambda
7 56 (4.54%) PaaS
8 49 (3.97%) SaaS
9 42 (3.40%) Power Platform
10 41 (3.32%) IaaS
11 35 (2.84%) Microsoft 365
12 34 (2.76%) OpenShift
13 30 (2.43%) Cloud Computing
14 28 (2.27%) Amazon S3
14 28 (2.27%) Azure Data Factory
15 23 (1.86%) AWS CloudFormation
16 21 (1.70%) npm
17 18 (1.46%) Amazon ECS
17 18 (1.46%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 18 (1.46%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 95 (7.70%) HTTP
2 33 (2.67%) DNS
3 30 (2.43%) TCP/IP
4 18 (1.46%) Firewall
5 13 (1.05%) SSL
6 11 (0.89%) HTTPS
6 11 (0.89%) Internet
6 11 (0.89%) SMTP
7 8 (0.65%) Kerberos
7 8 (0.65%) SSH
7 8 (0.65%) VPN
8 7 (0.57%) DHCP
8 7 (0.57%) SMS
9 6 (0.49%) FTP
10 5 (0.41%) DMARC
10 5 (0.41%) Network Security
10 5 (0.41%) PuTTY
10 5 (0.41%) Telnet
10 5 (0.41%) WinSCP
11 3 (0.24%) 2G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 149 (12.07%) NoSQL
2 144 (11.67%) SQL Server
3 115 (9.32%) Relational Database
4 108 (8.75%) MongoDB
5 89 (7.21%) PostgreSQL
6 67 (5.43%) MySQL
7 33 (2.67%) Power BI
8 30 (2.43%) Oracle Database
9 27 (2.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 24 (1.94%) Apache Cassandra
10 24 (1.94%) Redis
11 23 (1.86%) Azure SQL Database
12 22 (1.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 22 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
13 20 (1.62%) Big Data
14 17 (1.38%) Oracle Database 12c
15 14 (1.13%) Data Lake
16 12 (0.97%) RDBMS
17 10 (0.81%) Hazelcast
18 8 (0.65%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 275 (22.29%) Git (software)
2 269 (21.80%) Jenkins
3 204 (16.53%) Maven
4 107 (8.67%) JIRA
5 95 (7.70%) Cucumber
6 91 (7.37%) JUnit
7 69 (5.59%) TeamCity
8 64 (5.19%) Subversion
9 55 (4.46%) Mockito
10 50 (4.05%) Gradle
11 48 (3.89%) Bitbucket
12 40 (3.24%) GitLab
13 39 (3.16%) Selenium
14 38 (3.08%) Visual Studio
15 36 (2.92%) Artifactory
16 31 (2.51%) webpack
17 29 (2.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 28 (2.27%) Postman
19 23 (1.86%) jMock
20 22 (1.78%) gulp
General
1 289 (23.42%) Finance
2 226 (18.31%) Banking
3 219 (17.75%) Social Skills
4 99 (8.02%) Investment Banking
5 89 (7.21%) Analytical Skills
6 63 (5.11%) Front Office
7 45 (3.65%) Retail
8 34 (2.76%) Public Sector
9 31 (2.51%) Presentation Skills
10 29 (2.35%) Marketing
11 18 (1.46%) Telecoms
12 15 (1.22%) Retail Banking
13 13 (1.05%) German Language
14 11 (0.89%) Financial Institution
14 11 (0.89%) Influencing Skills
15 9 (0.73%) Law
16 8 (0.65%) Manufacturing
16 8 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
17 7 (0.57%) Back Office
18 6 (0.49%) Legal
Job Titles
1 719 (58.27%) Developer
2 271 (21.96%) Java Developer
3 145 (11.75%) Senior Developer
4 127 (10.29%) Architect
5 73 (5.92%) Full Stack Developer
6 68 (5.51%) Consultant
7 67 (5.43%) Senior Java Developer
8 62 (5.02%) Solutions Architect
9 58 (4.70%) Software Engineer
10 56 (4.54%) Java Engineer
11 47 (3.81%) .NET Developer
12 46 (3.73%) Senior Consultant
13 41 (3.32%) Python Developer
14 39 (3.16%) React Developer
15 37 (3.00%) Java Consultant
16 36 (2.92%) AWS Developer
17 35 (2.84%) Senior Java Consultant
18 33 (2.67%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 32 (2.59%) Angular Developer
20 27 (2.19%) Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 364 (29.50%) Spring
2 290 (23.50%) Web Services
3 282 (22.85%) SOAP
4 249 (20.18%) HTML
5 236 (19.12%) React
6 206 (16.69%) CSS
7 204 (16.53%) JSON
8 200 (16.21%) AngularJS
9 192 (15.56%) Spring Boot
10 156 (12.64%) Node.js
11 153 (12.40%) .NET
12 146 (11.83%) XML
13 109 (8.83%) Kafka
14 97 (7.86%) GraphQL
15 89 (7.21%) HTML5
16 81 (6.56%) OAuth
17 79 (6.40%) Hibernate
18 75 (6.08%) JMS
18 75 (6.08%) Middleware
19 70 (5.67%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 69 (5.59%) Mobile App
2 64 (5.19%) User Experience
3 57 (4.62%) Enterprise Software
4 43 (3.48%) Data Structures
5 30 (2.43%) Clustering
6 29 (2.35%) Fixed Income
7 28 (2.27%) Algorithms
7 28 (2.27%) Greenfield Project
8 23 (1.86%) Cloud Native
9 19 (1.54%) Data Protection Act
10 18 (1.46%) Data Centre
10 18 (1.46%) Self-Motivation
11 15 (1.22%) Wiki
12 13 (1.05%) Legacy Systems
13 12 (0.97%) Hedge funds
13 12 (0.97%) Management Information System
14 10 (0.81%) Reference Data
14 10 (0.81%) Virtual Team
15 8 (0.65%) Public Cloud
16 7 (0.57%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 161 (13.05%) Linux
2 102 (8.27%) Unix
3 85 (6.89%) Windows
4 35 (2.84%) Android
5 33 (2.67%) Apple iOS
6 12 (0.97%) Windows Server
7 7 (0.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.49%) Mac OS X
9 5 (0.41%) Solaris
9 5 (0.41%) Windows Server 2016
9 5 (0.41%) Windows Server 2019
10 4 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
10 4 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.16%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.16%) Windows 10
11 2 (0.16%) Windows 7
12 1 (0.081%) AIX
12 1 (0.081%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 568 (46.03%) Agile Software Development
2 360 (29.17%) Microservices
3 261 (21.15%) DevOps
4 246 (19.94%) TDD
5 211 (17.10%) Scrum
6 210 (17.02%) Test Automation
7 191 (15.48%) Software Engineering
8 144 (11.67%) Full Stack Development
9 141 (11.43%) Continuous Integration
10 121 (9.81%) BDD
11 101 (8.18%) Unit Testing
12 98 (7.94%) Problem-Solving
13 95 (7.70%) OO
14 86 (6.97%) Open Source
15 84 (6.81%) Web Development
16 80 (6.48%) Multithreading
17 77 (6.24%) SDLC
18 71 (5.75%) Data Modelling
18 71 (5.75%) Front End Development
19 69 (5.59%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 625 (50.65%) Java
2 349 (28.28%) JavaScript
3 309 (25.04%) SQL
4 206 (16.69%) Python
5 154 (12.48%) C#
6 153 (12.40%) Java 8
7 114 (9.24%) TypeScript
8 59 (4.78%) Kotlin
9 50 (4.05%) PowerShell
10 47 (3.81%) Go
11 46 (3.73%) Scala
12 42 (3.40%) Bash Shell
12 42 (3.40%) C++
13 41 (3.32%) Java 11
14 34 (2.76%) T-SQL
15 32 (2.59%) ES6
16 29 (2.35%) Ruby
17 28 (2.27%) PHP
17 28 (2.27%) Shell Script
18 21 (1.70%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 74 (6.00%) Security Cleared
2 69 (5.59%) Degree
3 68 (5.51%) SC Cleared
4 25 (2.03%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (1.22%) AWS Certification
6 13 (1.05%) ISTQB
7 12 (0.97%) Master's Degree
8 10 (0.81%) BPSS Clearance
9 7 (0.57%) ISEB
10 6 (0.49%) DV Cleared
10 6 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 5 (0.41%) ITIL Certification
12 4 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
13 2 (0.16%) CCNA
13 2 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
14 1 (0.081%) A+ Certification
14 1 (0.081%) PhD
14 1 (0.081%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 89 (7.21%) QA
2 29 (2.35%) Accessibility
3 11 (0.89%) GDPR
3 11 (0.89%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 10 (0.81%) Data Quality
5 8 (0.65%) MiFID
6 4 (0.32%) SLA
7 3 (0.24%) Actionable Recommendations
8 2 (0.16%) HIPAA
8 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.081%) GRC
9 1 (0.081%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 1 (0.081%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.081%) SOC 1
9 1 (0.081%) SOC 2
9 1 (0.081%) WCAG
System Software
1 235 (19.04%) Docker
2 28 (2.27%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.73%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 7 (0.57%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.41%) OpenAM
5 5 (0.41%) OpenDJ
5 5 (0.41%) OpenIDM
5 5 (0.41%) Virtual Servers
6 4 (0.32%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (0.16%) NFS
7 2 (0.16%) Platform Symphony
7 2 (0.16%) Veritas File System
7 2 (0.16%) Veritas Volume Manager
7 2 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.16%) vSphere
8 1 (0.081%) HDFS
8 1 (0.081%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.081%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 224 (18.15%) Kubernetes
2 78 (6.32%) Terraform
3 38 (3.08%) Ansible
4 35 (2.84%) Grafana
5 25 (2.03%) Prometheus
6 20 (1.62%) Single Sign-On
7 16 (1.30%) BladeLogic
8 14 (1.13%) Puppet
9 12 (0.97%) CloudHub
9 12 (0.97%) Kibana
9 12 (0.97%) Microsoft Intune
10 11 (0.89%) Nagios
11 8 (0.65%) Istio
11 8 (0.65%) Opscode Chef
12 5 (0.41%) EMC NetWorker
12 5 (0.41%) QRadar
12 5 (0.41%) Tivoli
12 5 (0.41%) Tivoli Storage Manager
13 4 (0.32%) Control-M
13 4 (0.32%) Netcool
Vendors
1 160 (12.97%) Oracle
2 81 (6.56%) Microsoft
3 51 (4.13%) Salesforce.com
4 38 (3.08%) Splunk
5 35 (2.84%) MuleSoft
6 34 (2.76%) Google
7 33 (2.67%) ServiceNow
8 29 (2.35%) IBM
9 24 (1.94%) SAP
10 21 (1.70%) Sybase
11 19 (1.54%) Adobe
12 17 (1.38%) TIBCO
13 16 (1.30%) AppDynamics
13 16 (1.30%) FIS
13 16 (1.30%) SunGard
14 13 (1.05%) Dynatrace
14 13 (1.05%) webMethods
15 10 (0.81%) Atlassian
15 10 (0.81%) New Relic
15 10 (0.81%) Xamarin