Period
to 16 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 16 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
England > London
6 months to
16 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 60 59 48
Rank change year-on-year -1 -11 +10
Contract jobs citing REST 895 985 2,099
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.07% 4.10% 4.94%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.30% 10.95% 13.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 674 747 1,533
10th Percentile £400 £413 £400
25th Percentile £450 £463 £456
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% - +7.32%
75th Percentile £645 £613 £600
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
England median daily rate £500 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 4 5
Median hourly rate - £72.50 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year - +45.00% +132.56%
England median hourly rate £23.47 £50.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -53.52% +1.00% +17.65%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 7,917 8,995 15,756
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.04% 37.42% 37.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,943 6,685 11,950
10th Percentile £375 £375 £370
25th Percentile £438 £450 £442
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £625 £625 £600
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 53 67
10th Percentile £20.13 £24.74 £23.37
25th Percentile £33.44 £44.43 £27.63
Median hourly rate £46.96 £50.00 £43.92
Median % change year-on-year -6.09% +13.86% +12.91%
75th Percentile £62.50 £65.54 £47.83
90th Percentile £68.00 £78.75 £53.75
England median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.18
% change year-on-year -2.17% +4.12% +7.76%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for REST in London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST in London.

Daily rate trend for REST in London

REST
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST in London over the 6 months to 16 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for REST in London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST in London.

Hourly rate trend for REST in London

REST
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the London region over the 6 months to 16 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -17 80 £550 +6.02% 106
South London +14 17 £411 -29.25% 7
West London +14 4 - - 60
East London +3 1 £588 +6.82% 29
REST
England

For the 6 months to 16 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for REST.

1 454 (50.73%) Java
2 434 (48.49%) Agile Software Development
3 295 (32.96%) Microservices
4 286 (31.96%) Spring
5 251 (28.04%) JavaScript
6 234 (26.15%) AWS
7 215 (24.02%) Finance
8 210 (23.46%) Web Services
9 209 (23.35%) Azure
10 204 (22.79%) Git (software)
10 204 (22.79%) TDD
11 197 (22.01%) Jenkins
12 190 (21.23%) Docker
13 187 (20.89%) Banking
14 183 (20.45%) HTML
15 176 (19.66%) DevOps
16 174 (19.44%) SQL
17 171 (19.11%) SOAP
18 167 (18.66%) Kubernetes
19 155 (17.32%) React
20 152 (16.98%) CSS
21 149 (16.65%) Spring Boot
22 148 (16.54%) Software Engineering
23 143 (15.98%) AngularJS
24 138 (15.42%) Scrum
25 133 (14.86%) Maven
25 133 (14.86%) Continuous Integration
25 133 (14.86%) Java 8
26 132 (14.75%) Node.js
27 125 (13.97%) .NET

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (6.48%) Red Hat Fuse
2 55 (6.15%) Confluence
3 52 (5.81%) Mule
4 30 (3.35%) Apache
5 26 (2.91%) Elasticsearch
6 25 (2.79%) JBoss
7 18 (2.01%) Cloud Foundry
7 18 (2.01%) Tomcat
8 17 (1.90%) Camunda
8 17 (1.90%) CMS
8 17 (1.90%) SharePoint
9 15 (1.68%) Anypoint
10 12 (1.34%) Mule ESB
11 11 (1.23%) IIS
11 11 (1.23%) WebSphere
12 9 (1.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 8 (0.89%) Apache Spark
13 8 (0.89%) WebLogic
14 7 (0.78%) nginx
14 7 (0.78%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 3 (0.34%) Chatbot
1 3 (0.34%) Figma
2 2 (0.22%) Sketch
3 1 (0.11%) Adobe XD
3 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.11%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 5 (0.56%) Adobe Campaign
2 4 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
3 3 (0.34%) Dynamics NAV
3 3 (0.34%) Elite 3E
3 3 (0.34%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.34%) Summit
4 1 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.11%) ION MarketView
4 1 (0.11%) Maximo
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.11%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 234 (26.15%) AWS
2 209 (23.35%) Azure
3 73 (8.16%) GitHub
4 61 (6.82%) Serverless
5 51 (5.70%) PaaS
6 43 (4.80%) GCP
7 42 (4.69%) SaaS
8 31 (3.46%) IaaS
9 25 (2.79%) AWS CloudFormation
9 25 (2.79%) AWS Lambda
9 25 (2.79%) Cloud Computing
10 24 (2.68%) Amazon S3
11 23 (2.57%) Amazon ECS
12 20 (2.23%) OpenShift
13 17 (1.90%) Microsoft 365
14 16 (1.79%) Azure Functions
14 16 (1.79%) NuGet
15 12 (1.34%) Power Platform
15 12 (1.34%) PowerApps
15 12 (1.34%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 40 (4.47%) HTTP
2 15 (1.68%) DNS
3 10 (1.12%) SSL
4 8 (0.89%) TCP/IP
5 6 (0.67%) Firewall
5 6 (0.67%) HTTPS
5 6 (0.67%) LAN
5 6 (0.67%) SMS
6 5 (0.56%) DMARC
6 5 (0.56%) Intranet
6 5 (0.56%) SMTP
6 5 (0.56%) Unified Communications
6 5 (0.56%) WAN
7 4 (0.45%) AMQP
7 4 (0.45%) Internet
7 4 (0.45%) Wireless
8 3 (0.34%) DHCP
8 3 (0.34%) FTP
8 3 (0.34%) SSH
8 3 (0.34%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 99 (11.06%) NoSQL
2 92 (10.28%) SQL Server
3 88 (9.83%) PostgreSQL
4 80 (8.94%) MongoDB
4 80 (8.94%) Relational Database
5 46 (5.14%) MySQL
6 23 (2.57%) Data Warehouse
7 20 (2.23%) Redis
8 17 (1.90%) RDBMS
9 15 (1.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 15 (1.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 14 (1.56%) DB2
11 13 (1.45%) Big Data
11 13 (1.45%) Cosmos DB
12 12 (1.34%) Hazelcast
13 10 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
14 8 (0.89%) Blockchain
15 7 (0.78%) Amazon Athena
15 7 (0.78%) BigQuery
15 7 (0.78%) CockroachDB
Development Applications
1 204 (22.79%) Git (software)
2 197 (22.01%) Jenkins
3 133 (14.86%) Maven
4 89 (9.94%) JIRA
5 86 (9.61%) Cucumber
6 70 (7.82%) JUnit
7 45 (5.03%) Gradle
8 44 (4.92%) Selenium
9 40 (4.47%) Subversion
10 38 (4.25%) TeamCity
11 37 (4.13%) GitLab
12 36 (4.02%) webpack
13 31 (3.46%) Mockito
14 30 (3.35%) Visual Studio
15 19 (2.12%) Artifactory
16 18 (2.01%) Cypress.io
17 17 (1.90%) SonarQube
18 16 (1.79%) Eclipse
19 15 (1.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 15 (1.68%) jMock
General
1 215 (24.02%) Finance
2 187 (20.89%) Banking
3 68 (7.60%) Investment Banking
4 56 (6.26%) Front Office
5 32 (3.58%) Retail
6 23 (2.57%) Marketing
7 22 (2.46%) Public Sector
8 18 (2.01%) Telecoms
9 6 (0.67%) Games
10 4 (0.45%) Advertising
10 4 (0.45%) Financial Institution
11 3 (0.34%) Back Office
11 3 (0.34%) Law
11 3 (0.34%) Legal
11 3 (0.34%) Multimedia
11 3 (0.34%) Retail Banking
12 2 (0.22%) French Language
12 2 (0.22%) German Language
12 2 (0.22%) Manufacturing
13 1 (0.11%) Dutch Language
Job Titles
1 584 (65.25%) Developer
2 227 (25.36%) Java Developer
3 124 (13.85%) Senior Developer
4 98 (10.95%) Full Stack Developer
5 83 (9.27%) Architect
6 74 (8.27%) Senior Java Developer
7 56 (6.26%) .NET Developer
8 54 (6.03%) React Developer
9 37 (4.13%) AWS Developer
9 37 (4.13%) Consultant
9 37 (4.13%) Solutions Architect
10 34 (3.80%) Software Engineer
11 33 (3.69%) Java Engineer
12 30 (3.35%) Integration Developer
12 30 (3.35%) Python Developer
13 28 (3.13%) Angular Developer
14 27 (3.02%) Senior Integration Developer
15 25 (2.79%) C# Developer
15 25 (2.79%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 22 (2.46%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 286 (31.96%) Spring
2 210 (23.46%) Web Services
3 183 (20.45%) HTML
4 171 (19.11%) SOAP
5 155 (17.32%) React
6 152 (16.98%) CSS
7 149 (16.65%) Spring Boot
8 143 (15.98%) AngularJS
9 132 (14.75%) Node.js
10 125 (13.97%) .NET
11 117 (13.07%) JSON
12 94 (10.50%) XML
13 85 (9.50%) Kafka
14 82 (9.16%) Redux
15 81 (9.05%) Middleware
16 80 (8.94%) HTML5
17 78 (8.72%) GraphQL
18 73 (8.16%) Hibernate
19 68 (7.60%) Apache Camel
20 55 (6.15%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 64 (7.15%) Analytical Skills
2 58 (6.48%) Mobile App
3 45 (5.03%) Enterprise Software
4 41 (4.58%) Clustering
5 39 (4.36%) Greenfield Project
6 34 (3.80%) User Experience
7 32 (3.58%) Cloud Native
8 29 (3.24%) Data Structures
9 25 (2.79%) Fixed Income
10 21 (2.35%) Algorithms
11 12 (1.34%) Self-Motivation
12 11 (1.23%) Management Information System
12 11 (1.23%) Public Cloud
13 9 (1.01%) Virtual Team
14 8 (0.89%) Hedge funds
14 8 (0.89%) Wiki
15 7 (0.78%) Linux Command Line
16 6 (0.67%) iPad
16 6 (0.67%) iPhone
16 6 (0.67%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 114 (12.74%) Linux
2 66 (7.37%) Unix
3 53 (5.92%) Android
4 49 (5.47%) Apple iOS
5 43 (4.80%) Windows
6 7 (0.78%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.22%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.22%) Solaris
7 2 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.11%) AIX
8 1 (0.11%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
8 1 (0.11%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.11%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.11%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 434 (48.49%) Agile Software Development
2 295 (32.96%) Microservices
3 204 (22.79%) TDD
4 176 (19.66%) DevOps
5 148 (16.54%) Software Engineering
6 138 (15.42%) Scrum
7 133 (14.86%) Continuous Integration
8 124 (13.85%) BDD
9 121 (13.52%) Test Automation
10 97 (10.84%) OO
11 84 (9.39%) Open Source
12 79 (8.83%) Problem-Solving
13 77 (8.60%) Web Development
14 69 (7.71%) SDLC
15 61 (6.82%) SOA
16 60 (6.70%) Continuous Delivery
17 59 (6.59%) API Development
18 58 (6.48%) Unit Testing
19 57 (6.37%) Multithreading
20 54 (6.03%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 454 (50.73%) Java
2 251 (28.04%) JavaScript
3 174 (19.44%) SQL
4 133 (14.86%) Java 8
5 123 (13.74%) Python
6 83 (9.27%) C#
7 66 (7.37%) TypeScript
8 56 (6.26%) ES6
9 48 (5.36%) Kotlin
10 43 (4.80%) Go
11 27 (3.02%) C++
12 26 (2.91%) Apple Swift
13 24 (2.68%) PowerShell
14 23 (2.57%) T-SQL
15 22 (2.46%) Scala
16 20 (2.23%) PL/SQL
17 19 (2.12%) Bash Shell
17 19 (2.12%) PHP
18 17 (1.90%) Ruby
19 16 (1.79%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 70 (7.82%) Security Cleared
2 64 (7.15%) SC Cleared
3 39 (4.36%) Degree
4 18 (2.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (1.12%) AWS Certification
5 10 (1.12%) ISTQB
5 10 (1.12%) Master's Degree
6 7 (0.78%) ISEB
7 6 (0.67%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
8 5 (0.56%) Cisco Certification
9 4 (0.45%) CCNA
10 3 (0.34%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 3 (0.34%) PMI Certification
10 3 (0.34%) PMP
11 2 (0.22%) CCNP
11 2 (0.22%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.22%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 1 (0.11%) CCIE
12 1 (0.11%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (6.93%) QA
2 8 (0.89%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.78%) MiFID
4 5 (0.56%) GDPR
5 3 (0.34%) Actionable Recommendations
5 3 (0.34%) NIST
5 3 (0.34%) SLA
6 1 (0.11%) GRC
6 1 (0.11%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 190 (21.23%) Docker
2 10 (1.12%) Active Directory
2 10 (1.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (0.34%) Hyper-V
3 3 (0.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.22%) KVM
4 2 (0.22%) VMware NSX
5 1 (0.11%) Platform Symphony
5 1 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
5 1 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 167 (18.66%) Kubernetes
2 71 (7.93%) Terraform
3 26 (2.91%) Ansible
4 16 (1.79%) Grafana
5 15 (1.68%) Puppet
6 11 (1.23%) CloudHub
6 11 (1.23%) Prometheus
7 10 (1.12%) Single Sign-On
8 8 (0.89%) Microsoft Intune
9 7 (0.78%) Opscode Chef
10 6 (0.67%) Istio
10 6 (0.67%) Kibana
11 5 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.45%) Nagios
13 2 (0.22%) Cisco CUCM
13 2 (0.22%) Cisco Prime
13 2 (0.22%) ITRS Geneos
13 2 (0.22%) SolarWinds Orion
13 2 (0.22%) vCenter Server
13 2 (0.22%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 84 (9.39%) Oracle
2 58 (6.48%) Microsoft
3 32 (3.58%) Google
4 25 (2.79%) MuleSoft
5 22 (2.46%) ServiceNow
6 21 (2.35%) IBM
7 20 (2.23%) Salesforce.com
8 19 (2.12%) Splunk
9 18 (2.01%) TIBCO
10 15 (1.68%) Atlassian
11 13 (1.45%) AppDynamics
11 13 (1.45%) Sybase
12 12 (1.34%) SAP
13 10 (1.12%) Murex
13 10 (1.12%) VMware
13 10 (1.12%) webMethods
14 9 (1.01%) Adobe
15 8 (0.89%) Adyen
16 7 (0.78%) New Relic
17 6 (0.67%) Cisco