Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
England > London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 16 20 31
Rank change year-on-year +4 +11 +25
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 3,058 1,144 2,269
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 8.56% 8.22% 6.19%
As % of the Systems Management category 48.18% 49.31% 39.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,327 872 1,745
10th Percentile £463 £413 £463
25th Percentile £500 £475 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £590 £550 £575
Median % change year-on-year +7.27% -4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £680 £645 £656
90th Percentile £738 £740 £713
England median daily rate £575 £546 £550
% change year-on-year +5.31% -0.73% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 6
10th Percentile £39.92 " £45.71
25th Percentile £47.31 " £49.35
Median hourly rate £59.00 - £50.00
75th Percentile £65.00 " £63.13
90th Percentile £87.65 " £70.25
England median hourly rate £72.00 £35.75 £48.50
% change year-on-year +101.40% -26.29% -21.77%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 6,347 2,320 5,675
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.77% 16.67% 15.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,735 1,660 4,197
10th Percentile £413 £350 £338
25th Percentile £488 £425 £439
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £562 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +6.95% -4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £663 £613 £631
90th Percentile £721 £703 £700
England median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 12 62
10th Percentile £15.35 £12.71 £12.44
25th Percentile £21.50 £14.35 £14.39
Median hourly rate £24.50 £19.20 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year +27.64% -6.37% +7.89%
75th Percentile £57.58 £34.65 £30.06
90th Percentile £63.13 £35.68 £47.45
England median hourly rate £20.50 £19.50 £19.64
% change year-on-year +5.13% -0.71% +12.23%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in London.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in London.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -5 292 £620 +12.73% 353
West London +28 92 £615 +14.42% 110
South London +17 42 £550 +7.32% 23
East London -2 10 £535 -17.69% 71
North London - 1 - - 7
Kubernetes
England

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 2,023 (66.15%) Docker
2 1,445 (47.25%) DevOps
3 1,322 (43.23%) AWS
4 1,283 (41.96%) Terraform
5 1,239 (40.52%) Agile Software Development
6 1,053 (34.43%) Java
7 1,047 (34.24%) Azure
8 997 (32.60%) Microservices
9 821 (26.85%) Python
10 781 (25.54%) Finance
11 737 (24.10%) Jenkins
12 608 (19.88%) JavaScript
13 607 (19.85%) Software Engineering
14 578 (18.90%) GCP
15 555 (18.15%) Ansible
16 496 (16.22%) Kafka
17 469 (15.34%) Linux
18 455 (14.88%) React
18 455 (14.88%) Infrastructure as Code
19 448 (14.65%) Node.js
20 439 (14.36%) Full Stack Development
20 439 (14.36%) Serverless
21 436 (14.26%) SQL
22 431 (14.09%) Social Skills
23 392 (12.82%) Git (software)
24 391 (12.79%) Spring
25 390 (12.75%) TDD
26 361 (11.81%) TypeScript
27 360 (11.77%) Web Services
28 330 (10.79%) AWS Lambda

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 165 (5.40%) Apache Spark
2 98 (3.20%) Confluence
3 83 (2.71%) Apache
4 77 (2.52%) Elasticsearch
5 51 (1.67%) nginx
5 51 (1.67%) OpenStack
6 48 (1.57%) Tomcat
7 38 (1.24%) Apache Airflow
8 32 (1.05%) BizTalk Server
9 17 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
10 16 (0.52%) Mule
11 15 (0.49%) WebLogic
12 13 (0.43%) JBoss
13 12 (0.39%) Oracle Coherence
13 12 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 12 (0.39%) Red Hat Fuse
14 11 (0.36%) Jupyter
15 10 (0.33%) Camunda
16 9 (0.29%) Apache Pig
16 9 (0.29%) Appian
Applications
1 5 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.033%) CPLEX
3 1 (0.033%) Figma
3 1 (0.033%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.033%) Sketch
3 1 (0.033%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.033%) SPSS
3 1 (0.033%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 6 (0.20%) Sentinel
2 5 (0.16%) Cloudability
3 4 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
4 2 (0.065%) Magento
4 2 (0.065%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.065%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.033%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.033%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.033%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.033%) JDE OneWorld
5 1 (0.033%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.033%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.033%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.033%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,322 (43.23%) AWS
2 1,047 (34.24%) Azure
3 578 (18.90%) GCP
4 439 (14.36%) Serverless
5 330 (10.79%) AWS Lambda
6 286 (9.35%) GitHub
7 260 (8.50%) Amazon S3
8 248 (8.11%) PaaS
9 231 (7.55%) Amazon SQS
10 206 (6.74%) AWS Step Functions
11 202 (6.61%) OpenShift
12 168 (5.49%) IaaS
13 154 (5.04%) AWS CloudFormation
14 133 (4.35%) Amazon EKS
15 122 (3.99%) SaaS
16 79 (2.58%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 75 (2.45%) Amazon ECS
18 74 (2.42%) Azure Functions
19 66 (2.16%) Amazon EC2
20 60 (1.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 83 (2.71%) Firewall
2 58 (1.90%) HTTP
3 51 (1.67%) DNS
4 39 (1.28%) SSL
5 34 (1.11%) VPN
6 26 (0.85%) Network Security
7 25 (0.82%) Kerberos
8 21 (0.69%) TCP/IP
9 18 (0.59%) Internet
10 15 (0.49%) IPsec
11 12 (0.39%) SAN
12 11 (0.36%) AMQP
12 11 (0.36%) IKE
13 9 (0.29%) HTTPS
13 9 (0.29%) SSH
14 8 (0.26%) IPv4
14 8 (0.26%) MQTT
14 8 (0.26%) OpenVPN
15 7 (0.23%) NAS
16 6 (0.20%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 233 (7.62%) Amazon RDS
2 219 (7.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 215 (7.03%) NoSQL
4 204 (6.67%) PostgreSQL
5 186 (6.08%) MongoDB
6 152 (4.97%) Big Data
7 116 (3.79%) SQL Server
8 108 (3.53%) Relational Database
9 90 (2.94%) Apache Cassandra
10 83 (2.71%) Hadoop
11 77 (2.52%) BigQuery
12 74 (2.42%) Redis
13 72 (2.35%) MySQL
14 71 (2.32%) Data Warehouse
15 61 (1.99%) Azure SQL Database
16 47 (1.54%) Data Lake
17 45 (1.47%) Apache Hive
18 35 (1.14%) RDBMS
19 27 (0.88%) Tableau
20 25 (0.82%) HBase
Development Applications
1 737 (24.10%) Jenkins
2 392 (12.82%) Git (software)
3 260 (8.50%) Maven
4 220 (7.19%) JIRA
5 185 (6.05%) Gradle
6 179 (5.85%) GitLab
7 146 (4.77%) TeamCity
8 104 (3.40%) Cucumber
9 78 (2.55%) Sonatype Nexus
10 71 (2.32%) JUnit
11 70 (2.29%) CircleCI
12 69 (2.26%) Bitbucket
13 62 (2.03%) SonarQube
14 60 (1.96%) Mockito
15 57 (1.86%) Subversion
16 55 (1.80%) Gatling
17 50 (1.64%) Artifactory
18 49 (1.60%) Selenium
19 46 (1.50%) Cypress.io
20 40 (1.31%) webpack
General
1 781 (25.54%) Finance
2 431 (14.09%) Social Skills
3 329 (10.76%) Banking
4 292 (9.55%) Front Office
5 111 (3.63%) Public Sector
6 110 (3.60%) Analytical Skills
7 99 (3.24%) Investment Banking
8 77 (2.52%) Retail
9 54 (1.77%) Presentation Skills
9 54 (1.77%) Telecoms
10 47 (1.54%) Financial Institution
11 41 (1.34%) Legal
12 38 (1.24%) Games
13 31 (1.01%) Influencing Skills
14 24 (0.78%) Marketing
15 20 (0.65%) Law
16 17 (0.56%) Back Office
16 17 (0.56%) Retail Banking
17 16 (0.52%) Publishing
18 12 (0.39%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 1,040 (34.01%) Developer
2 647 (21.16%) DevOps Engineer
3 391 (12.79%) Java Developer
4 349 (11.41%) Architect
5 237 (7.75%) Software Engineer
6 209 (6.83%) AWS Engineer
7 200 (6.54%) Azure Engineer
8 182 (5.95%) React Developer
9 160 (5.23%) Senior Developer
10 151 (4.94%) Cloud Engineer
11 140 (4.58%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 125 (4.09%) Full Stack Developer
13 124 (4.05%) Cloud Architect
14 123 (4.02%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 112 (3.66%) AWS DevOps
16 107 (3.50%) Data Engineer
17 106 (3.47%) AWS Developer
18 95 (3.11%) Senior Java Developer
19 94 (3.07%) Java Engineer
20 92 (3.01%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 496 (16.22%) Kafka
2 455 (14.88%) React
3 448 (14.65%) Node.js
4 391 (12.79%) Spring
5 360 (11.77%) Web Services
6 276 (9.03%) Spring Boot
7 262 (8.57%) .NET
8 247 (8.08%) REST
9 209 (6.83%) Material-UI
10 161 (5.26%) RESTful
11 160 (5.23%) .NET Core
12 135 (4.41%) HTML
13 126 (4.12%) CSS
14 124 (4.05%) GraphQL
15 107 (3.50%) AngularJS
16 90 (2.94%) gRPC
17 83 (2.71%) Elastic Stack
18 79 (2.58%) OAuth
19 70 (2.29%) Akka
20 63 (2.06%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 252 (8.24%) Cloud Native
2 149 (4.87%) Greenfield Project
3 121 (3.96%) Public Cloud
4 74 (2.42%) User Experience
5 67 (2.19%) Data Centre
6 62 (2.03%) Data Structures
7 61 (1.99%) Algorithms
8 54 (1.77%) Hedge funds
9 53 (1.73%) Enterprise Software
10 51 (1.67%) Legacy Applications
11 48 (1.57%) Data Protection Act
12 45 (1.47%) Hybrid Cloud
12 45 (1.47%) Management Information System
13 43 (1.41%) Legacy Systems
14 41 (1.34%) Fixed Income
14 41 (1.34%) Linux Command Line
15 37 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
16 34 (1.11%) Private Cloud
17 31 (1.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 30 (0.98%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 469 (15.34%) Linux
2 137 (4.48%) Windows
3 122 (3.99%) Unix
4 39 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 21 (0.69%) Debian
5 21 (0.69%) Ubuntu
6 16 (0.52%) Windows Server
7 14 (0.46%) CentOS
7 14 (0.46%) VMS
8 9 (0.29%) Windows Server 2019
9 8 (0.26%) Android
9 8 (0.26%) Solaris
9 8 (0.26%) Windows Server 2016
10 7 (0.23%) Apple iOS
11 5 (0.16%) Mac OS X
11 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
11 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.098%) Amazon Linux
13 2 (0.065%) CoreOS
14 1 (0.033%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,445 (47.25%) DevOps
2 1,239 (40.52%) Agile Software Development
3 997 (32.60%) Microservices
4 607 (19.85%) Software Engineering
5 455 (14.88%) Infrastructure as Code
6 439 (14.36%) Full Stack Development
7 390 (12.75%) TDD
8 313 (10.24%) Scrum
9 262 (8.57%) Test Automation
10 240 (7.85%) Asset Management
10 240 (7.85%) BDD
11 234 (7.65%) Investment Management
12 215 (7.03%) Continuous Integration
12 215 (7.03%) Migration
13 210 (6.87%) Open Source
14 184 (6.02%) SDLC
15 183 (5.98%) Site Reliability Engineering
16 182 (5.95%) Analytics
17 176 (5.76%) Problem-Solving
18 162 (5.30%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,053 (34.43%) Java
2 821 (26.85%) Python
3 608 (19.88%) JavaScript
4 436 (14.26%) SQL
5 361 (11.81%) TypeScript
6 313 (10.24%) C#
7 268 (8.76%) Go
8 258 (8.44%) Bash Shell
9 204 (6.67%) Scala
10 184 (6.02%) PowerShell
11 139 (4.55%) Java 8
12 101 (3.30%) Groovy
13 99 (3.24%) Kotlin
14 97 (3.17%) C++
15 84 (2.75%) Ruby
16 80 (2.62%) Java 11
17 69 (2.26%) PL/SQL
18 49 (1.60%) Shell Script
19 45 (1.47%) C
20 42 (1.37%) PHP
Qualifications
1 239 (7.82%) Security Cleared
2 208 (6.80%) SC Cleared
3 127 (4.15%) Degree
4 34 (1.11%) AWS Certification
5 31 (1.01%) Computer Science Degree
6 29 (0.95%) CISSP
7 16 (0.52%) DV Cleared
7 16 (0.52%) SANS
8 15 (0.49%) CREST Certified
9 8 (0.26%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 8 (0.26%) CCSP
9 8 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
10 7 (0.23%) GIAC
10 7 (0.23%) Master's Degree
11 5 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
12 4 (0.13%) BPSS Clearance
13 3 (0.098%) CISM
13 3 (0.098%) OCP
13 3 (0.098%) Oracle Certification
13 3 (0.098%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 104 (3.40%) QA
2 46 (1.50%) GDPR
3 23 (0.75%) Data Quality
3 23 (0.75%) NCSC
4 13 (0.43%) PCI DSS
5 11 (0.36%) Accessibility
5 11 (0.36%) SLA
6 6 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 4 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.098%) NIST
8 3 (0.098%) PSD2
9 2 (0.065%) Basel II
9 2 (0.065%) COBIT
9 2 (0.065%) PMO
10 1 (0.033%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.033%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 1 (0.033%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.033%) IFRS
10 1 (0.033%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.033%) OASIS TOSCA
System Software
1 2,023 (66.15%) Docker
2 75 (2.45%) Active Directory
3 41 (1.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (0.62%) HDFS
5 18 (0.59%) vCloud
6 15 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
7 13 (0.43%) NFS
7 13 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
8 12 (0.39%) OpenAM
9 11 (0.36%) VMware Workstation
10 9 (0.29%) vSphere
11 6 (0.20%) KVM
11 6 (0.20%) Squid
12 5 (0.16%) Hyper-V
12 5 (0.16%) OpenIDM
13 4 (0.13%) Ceph
13 4 (0.13%) LXC
13 4 (0.13%) Platform Symphony
14 3 (0.098%) iptables
14 3 (0.098%) Slurm Workload Manager
Systems Management
1 1,283 (41.96%) Terraform
2 555 (18.15%) Ansible
3 212 (6.93%) Prometheus
4 181 (5.92%) Puppet
5 179 (5.85%) Grafana
6 113 (3.70%) Opscode Chef
7 80 (2.62%) Istio
8 48 (1.57%) Kibana
9 46 (1.50%) Packer
10 36 (1.18%) Consul
11 34 (1.11%) Docker Swarm
12 31 (1.01%) Rancher
13 18 (0.59%) MIIS
13 18 (0.59%) ZABBIX
14 17 (0.56%) Oozie
15 16 (0.52%) logstash
16 15 (0.49%) Argo
16 15 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
17 14 (0.46%) ITRS Geneos
18 13 (0.43%) BladeLogic
Vendors
1 295 (9.65%) Google
2 235 (7.68%) Microsoft
3 208 (6.80%) Oracle
4 110 (3.60%) Splunk
5 80 (2.62%) MuleSoft
6 73 (2.39%) VMware
7 65 (2.13%) Red Hat
8 53 (1.73%) Databricks
9 42 (1.37%) Dynatrace
10 39 (1.28%) AppDynamics
10 39 (1.28%) IBM
11 38 (1.24%) Atlassian
12 31 (1.01%) New Relic
13 30 (0.98%) CA
14 24 (0.78%) Cloudera
14 24 (0.78%) Sybase
15 23 (0.75%) Hortonworks
16 22 (0.72%) Cisco
17 19 (0.62%) CyberArk
18 16 (0.52%) SAP