Period
to 29 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 29 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
England > London
6 months to
29 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 20 29 61
Rank change year-on-year +9 +32 +76
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 1,078 2,364 1,925
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 8.01% 6.25% 4.23%
As % of the Systems Management category 47.95% 40.02% 28.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 870 1,817 1,533
Median daily rate £550 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.35% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £413 £463 £425
90th Percentile £738 £713 £700
England median daily rate £538 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -2.27% - +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 8 1
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.53 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.60% +24.38% -
England median hourly rate £35.00 £44.57 £60.00
% change year-on-year -21.46% -25.73% -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 2,248 5,907 6,754
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 16.71% 15.63% 14.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,493 4,238 5,031
Median daily rate £525 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £342 £350 £325
90th Percentile £702 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 74 72
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.00 £20.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% +3.70% -24.45%
10th Percentile £16.42 £12.76 £13.36
90th Percentile £39.75 £54.28 £47.21
Median hourly rate £35.00 £20.50 £18.50
% change year-on-year +70.73% +10.81% +5.71%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in London.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in London over the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in London.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the London region over the 6 months to 29 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +11 159 £550 -4.35% 153
South London -15 22 £450 -21.74% 19
West London +27 15 £538 -2.27% 53
East London +20 3 £663 +22.69% 16
Kubernetes
England

For the 6 months to 29 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 735 (68.18%) Docker
2 580 (53.80%) AWS
3 577 (53.53%) DevOps
4 505 (46.85%) Java
5 497 (46.10%) Agile Software Development
6 454 (42.12%) Python
7 438 (40.63%) Microservices
8 427 (39.61%) Azure
9 351 (32.56%) Finance
10 324 (30.06%) Terraform
11 294 (27.27%) Jenkins
12 289 (26.81%) GCP
13 258 (23.93%) Linux
14 257 (23.84%) SQL
15 231 (21.43%) Web Services
16 208 (19.29%) Software Engineering
17 201 (18.65%) Ansible
18 189 (17.53%) Banking
19 187 (17.35%) Serverless
20 165 (15.31%) Asset Management
21 162 (15.03%) AWS Lambda
22 156 (14.47%) Google
23 154 (14.29%) TDD
23 154 (14.29%) Git (software)
24 150 (13.91%) Amazon ECS
25 147 (13.64%) Amazon Redshift
26 146 (13.54%) Artifactory
27 145 (13.45%) OpenShift
28 143 (13.27%) SQL Server
29 142 (13.17%) Security Cleared

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 110 (10.20%) Apache
2 65 (6.03%) Apache Spark
3 46 (4.27%) Elasticsearch
4 41 (3.80%) Confluence
5 21 (1.95%) nginx
6 20 (1.86%) Mule
7 17 (1.58%) OpenStack
8 12 (1.11%) Jupyter
8 12 (1.11%) Tomcat
9 10 (0.93%) Cloud Foundry
9 10 (0.93%) JBoss
10 7 (0.65%) Red Hat Fuse
10 7 (0.65%) SharePoint
11 6 (0.56%) Apache Airflow
11 6 (0.56%) Apache Solr
12 5 (0.46%) BizTalk Server
13 4 (0.37%) Apache Pig
14 3 (0.28%) CMS
14 3 (0.28%) Drupal
14 3 (0.28%) IIS
Applications
1 5 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.19%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (0.37%) Distributed Ledger
1 4 (0.37%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 2 (0.19%) Magento
2 2 (0.19%) R3 Corda
3 1 (0.093%) Maximo
3 1 (0.093%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 580 (53.80%) AWS
2 427 (39.61%) Azure
3 289 (26.81%) GCP
4 187 (17.35%) Serverless
5 162 (15.03%) AWS Lambda
6 150 (13.91%) Amazon ECS
7 145 (13.45%) OpenShift
8 101 (9.37%) Amazon EC2
9 89 (8.26%) Apigee
9 89 (8.26%) AWS CloudFormation
10 87 (8.07%) Amazon S3
11 58 (5.38%) Amazon SQS
12 53 (4.92%) GitHub
13 46 (4.27%) PaaS
14 41 (3.80%) Amazon EKS
14 41 (3.80%) SaaS
15 36 (3.34%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 30 (2.78%) IaaS
17 27 (2.50%) Cloud Computing
18 12 (1.11%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 44 (4.08%) SSL
2 42 (3.90%) DNS
3 41 (3.80%) Firewall
4 40 (3.71%) HTTP
5 36 (3.34%) HTTPS
6 19 (1.76%) VPN
7 18 (1.67%) TCP/IP
8 16 (1.48%) DHCP
8 16 (1.48%) Kerberos
9 10 (0.93%) BGP
10 8 (0.74%) SNMP
11 7 (0.65%) Internet
11 7 (0.65%) Reverse Proxy
12 6 (0.56%) Anycast
12 6 (0.56%) VRRP
13 4 (0.37%) 3GPP
13 4 (0.37%) IPsec
13 4 (0.37%) LAN
13 4 (0.37%) MPLS
13 4 (0.37%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 147 (13.64%) Amazon Redshift
2 143 (13.27%) SQL Server
3 135 (12.52%) PostgreSQL
4 123 (11.41%) MySQL
5 107 (9.93%) NoSQL
6 100 (9.28%) MongoDB
7 81 (7.51%) Amazon RDS
8 52 (4.82%) Big Data
9 49 (4.55%) Data Warehouse
10 47 (4.36%) Hadoop
10 47 (4.36%) Relational Database
11 26 (2.41%) Apache Cassandra
12 25 (2.32%) BigQuery
13 19 (1.76%) Cosmos DB
14 18 (1.67%) Azure SQL Database
15 15 (1.39%) Redis
16 12 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 12 (1.11%) Data Lake
17 10 (0.93%) Neo4j
17 10 (0.93%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 294 (27.27%) Jenkins
2 154 (14.29%) Git (software)
3 146 (13.54%) Artifactory
4 106 (9.83%) GitLab
5 65 (6.03%) JIRA
6 40 (3.71%) Maven
7 38 (3.53%) RStudio
8 36 (3.34%) Cucumber
9 34 (3.15%) JUnit
10 29 (2.69%) Mockito
11 28 (2.60%) Subversion
12 27 (2.50%) Selenium
13 26 (2.41%) CircleCI
14 24 (2.23%) TeamCity
15 17 (1.58%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 16 (1.48%) Gradle
17 15 (1.39%) Sonatype Nexus
18 13 (1.21%) Visual Studio Team System
19 12 (1.11%) GoCD
19 12 (1.11%) Travis CI
General
1 351 (32.56%) Finance
2 189 (17.53%) Banking
3 96 (8.91%) Front Office
4 52 (4.82%) Public Sector
5 45 (4.17%) Back Office
6 26 (2.41%) Investment Banking
7 25 (2.32%) Retail
8 20 (1.86%) Telecoms
9 13 (1.21%) Financial Institution
9 13 (1.21%) Manufacturing
9 13 (1.21%) Marketing
10 10 (0.93%) Electronics
10 10 (0.93%) Law
11 7 (0.65%) Games
12 3 (0.28%) Billing
12 3 (0.28%) Corporate Banking
12 3 (0.28%) French Language
12 3 (0.28%) Retail Banking
13 2 (0.19%) Automotive
13 2 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 399 (37.01%) Developer
2 240 (22.26%) Java Developer
3 236 (21.89%) DevOps Engineer
4 138 (12.80%) AWS Engineer
5 95 (8.81%) Architect
6 86 (7.98%) AWS Developer
6 86 (7.98%) Java Engineer
7 85 (7.88%) AWS DevOps
8 71 (6.59%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 71 (6.59%) Java Software Developer
9 69 (6.40%) Software Engineer
10 67 (6.22%) Kubernetes Engineer
11 61 (5.66%) Python Engineer
12 55 (5.10%) Cloud Engineer
12 55 (5.10%) Java Software Engineer
13 54 (5.01%) Python Developer
14 53 (4.92%) Cloud Architect
15 52 (4.82%) Senior Developer
16 50 (4.64%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 44 (4.08%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 231 (21.43%) Web Services
2 134 (12.43%) Spring
3 131 (12.15%) Kafka
4 100 (9.28%) React
5 93 (8.63%) .NET
6 86 (7.98%) gRPC
7 84 (7.79%) Node.js
8 83 (7.70%) AngularJS
9 78 (7.24%) Swagger
10 76 (7.05%) OAuth
11 66 (6.12%) REST
12 64 (5.94%) .NET Core
13 60 (5.57%) HTML
14 55 (5.10%) Spring Boot
15 54 (5.01%) RESTful
16 49 (4.55%) Elastic Stack
17 45 (4.17%) J2EE
18 44 (4.08%) J2SE
19 41 (3.80%) Middleware
20 34 (3.15%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 126 (11.69%) Greenfield Project
2 98 (9.09%) Hedge funds
3 81 (7.51%) Fixed Income
4 65 (6.03%) Derivative
5 64 (5.94%) Equities
6 52 (4.82%) Cloud Native
7 48 (4.45%) Analytical Skills
8 33 (3.06%) Public Cloud
9 26 (2.41%) Linux Command Line
10 24 (2.23%) Data Centre
11 18 (1.67%) Management Information System
11 18 (1.67%) Private Cloud
12 15 (1.39%) User Experience
13 13 (1.21%) Virtual Team
14 12 (1.11%) Data Structures
15 11 (1.02%) Algorithms
16 9 (0.83%) Clustering
16 9 (0.83%) Equity Derivative
16 9 (0.83%) Hybrid Cloud
16 9 (0.83%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 258 (23.93%) Linux
2 77 (7.14%) Unix
3 53 (4.92%) Windows
4 34 (3.15%) CentOS
5 30 (2.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 25 (2.32%) Mac OS X
7 22 (2.04%) Windows Server
8 17 (1.58%) Ubuntu
9 16 (1.48%) Windows Server 2016
10 9 (0.83%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 8 (0.74%) Debian
12 6 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
12 6 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
12 6 (0.56%) Windows Server 2019
13 5 (0.46%) CoreOS
14 4 (0.37%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.28%) Fedora
15 3 (0.28%) Solaris
16 2 (0.19%) Apple iOS
17 1 (0.093%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 577 (53.53%) DevOps
2 497 (46.10%) Agile Software Development
3 438 (40.63%) Microservices
4 208 (19.29%) Software Engineering
5 165 (15.31%) Asset Management
6 154 (14.29%) TDD
7 116 (10.76%) Continuous Integration
8 106 (9.83%) Test Automation
9 104 (9.65%) Infrastructure as Code
10 102 (9.46%) BDD
11 96 (8.91%) Investment Management
12 88 (8.16%) Scrum
13 87 (8.07%) Continuous Delivery
14 76 (7.05%) Deployment Automation
15 74 (6.86%) Mentoring
16 73 (6.77%) Open Source
17 71 (6.59%) Decision-Making
18 66 (6.12%) Infrastructure Automation
19 64 (5.94%) Data Science
20 57 (5.29%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 505 (46.85%) Java
2 454 (42.12%) Python
3 257 (23.84%) SQL
4 125 (11.60%) JavaScript
5 111 (10.30%) Java 8
6 106 (9.83%) C#
7 100 (9.28%) Bash Shell
8 75 (6.96%) TypeScript
9 61 (5.66%) R
9 61 (5.66%) Scala
10 48 (4.45%) Go
11 46 (4.27%) PowerShell
12 44 (4.08%) Perl
13 42 (3.90%) Ruby
14 40 (3.71%) Kotlin
15 29 (2.69%) Shell Script
16 27 (2.50%) Groovy
17 21 (1.95%) C++
18 20 (1.86%) PHP
19 13 (1.21%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 142 (13.17%) Security Cleared
2 125 (11.60%) SC Cleared
3 31 (2.88%) Degree
4 26 (2.41%) DV Cleared
5 25 (2.32%) Sun Certification
6 19 (1.76%) Computer Science Degree
7 17 (1.58%) AWS Certification
8 12 (1.11%) Master's Degree
9 9 (0.83%) BPSS Clearance
10 8 (0.74%) DBS Check
11 3 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.19%) CCA
12 2 (0.19%) CCNA
12 2 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.19%) Network+ Certification
13 1 (0.093%) CISSP
13 1 (0.093%) CREST Certified
13 1 (0.093%) CWSP
13 1 (0.093%) MCSA
13 1 (0.093%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (2.04%) QA
2 9 (0.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 7 (0.65%) GDPR
4 6 (0.56%) Cyber Essentials
4 6 (0.56%) HIPAA
5 5 (0.46%) NIST
6 4 (0.37%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.28%) NCSC
8 2 (0.19%) SLA
9 1 (0.093%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.093%) OASIS TOSCA
System Software
1 735 (68.18%) Docker
2 34 (3.15%) Active Directory
3 30 (2.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (1.86%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (1.48%) VMware ESXi
6 7 (0.65%) Xen
7 6 (0.56%) KVM
8 5 (0.46%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.46%) vSphere
9 4 (0.37%) Oracle RAC
9 4 (0.37%) Varnish
10 3 (0.28%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 3 (0.28%) Gluster
10 3 (0.28%) LXC
10 3 (0.28%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 2 (0.19%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.19%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.19%) zsh
12 1 (0.093%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 1 (0.093%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 324 (30.06%) Terraform
2 201 (18.65%) Ansible
3 95 (8.81%) Puppet
4 79 (7.33%) Opscode Chef
5 51 (4.73%) Prometheus
6 29 (2.69%) Packer
7 27 (2.50%) Kibana
8 25 (2.32%) logstash
9 21 (1.95%) Zipkin
10 20 (1.86%) Grafana
11 17 (1.58%) Rundeck
12 15 (1.39%) Salt
13 12 (1.11%) Argo
13 12 (1.11%) Consul
13 12 (1.11%) Istio
13 12 (1.11%) Nagios
14 6 (0.56%) Mesos
14 6 (0.56%) Microsoft Clustering
14 6 (0.56%) Rancher
14 6 (0.56%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 156 (14.47%) Google
2 104 (9.65%) Oracle
3 61 (5.66%) Microsoft
4 38 (3.53%) Red Hat
5 35 (3.25%) VMware
6 28 (2.60%) Atlassian
6 28 (2.60%) SaltStack
7 27 (2.50%) Splunk
8 24 (2.23%) Cloudera
8 24 (2.23%) MuleSoft
9 18 (1.67%) Sybase
10 17 (1.58%) SAP
11 14 (1.30%) Cisco
11 14 (1.30%) Databricks
12 12 (1.11%) Dell
12 12 (1.11%) HP
12 12 (1.11%) Infoblox
13 10 (0.93%) AppDynamics
14 9 (0.83%) Hortonworks
14 9 (0.83%) New Relic