Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
England > London
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 16 19 30
Rank change year-on-year +3 +11 +45
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 2,483 1,354 2,633
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 8.37% 8.34% 6.47%
As % of the Systems Management category 47.92% 49.76% 40.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,877 1,064 2,030
10th Percentile £462 £425 £450
25th Percentile £500 £500 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £575
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% -4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £669 £638 £650
90th Percentile £713 £713 £700
England median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 5
10th Percentile £38.69 " £23.06
25th Percentile £44.23 £12.25 £42.28
Median hourly rate £58.78 £12.50 £49.13
Median % change year-on-year +370.24% -74.56% -
75th Percentile £74.44 £12.75 £50.00
90th Percentile £91.43 " "
England median hourly rate £52.03 £50.00 £49.13
% change year-on-year +4.06% +1.77% -25.84%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 5,182 2,721 6,482
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.46% 16.76% 15.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,758 1,987 4,716
10th Percentile £406 £372 £355
25th Percentile £475 £450 £452
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £540 £550
Median % change year-on-year +1.85% -1.82% +4.76%
75th Percentile £640 £613 £625
90th Percentile £713 £700 £694
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 28 74
10th Percentile £15.00 £12.42 £12.76
25th Percentile £16.28 £12.75 £17.75
Median hourly rate £23.00 £19.20 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +19.82% -8.60% -6.56%
75th Percentile £42.50 £36.93 £44.54
90th Percentile £65.00 £47.83 £50.00
England median hourly rate £21.50 £19.39 £18.78
% change year-on-year +10.88% +3.28% -1.18%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in London.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in London over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in London.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes in London over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the London region over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -14 247 £600 +4.35% 332
West London +23 60 £566 +2.91% 97
South London -2 27 £538 +2.38% 26
East London +2 4 £503 -8.64% 33
North London - 1 - - 1
Kubernetes
England

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 1,644 (66.21%) Docker
2 1,130 (45.51%) AWS
3 1,092 (43.98%) DevOps
4 1,019 (41.04%) Agile Software Development
5 978 (39.39%) Terraform
6 929 (37.41%) Java
7 832 (33.51%) Azure
8 823 (33.15%) Microservices
9 700 (28.19%) Python
10 670 (26.98%) Finance
11 554 (22.31%) Software Engineering
12 510 (20.54%) Jenkins
13 502 (20.22%) GCP
14 484 (19.49%) JavaScript
15 420 (16.92%) Ansible
16 416 (16.75%) Node.js
17 403 (16.23%) React
18 394 (15.87%) Linux
19 381 (15.34%) Serverless
20 377 (15.18%) SQL
21 376 (15.14%) Kafka
22 357 (14.38%) Spring
23 352 (14.18%) Infrastructure as Code
24 346 (13.93%) Social Skills
25 342 (13.77%) TDD
26 328 (13.21%) Web Services
27 316 (12.73%) AWS Lambda
28 296 (11.92%) Git (software)
29 285 (11.48%) TypeScript
30 278 (11.20%) Banking

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 132 (5.32%) Apache Spark
2 80 (3.22%) Apache
3 77 (3.10%) Confluence
4 66 (2.66%) Elasticsearch
5 53 (2.13%) nginx
6 41 (1.65%) Tomcat
7 35 (1.41%) BizTalk Server
8 33 (1.33%) Apache Airflow
9 31 (1.25%) Cloud Foundry
9 31 (1.25%) OpenStack
10 27 (1.09%) Oracle Coherence
11 20 (0.81%) WebSphere
12 19 (0.77%) Mule
13 17 (0.68%) Red Hat Fuse
14 15 (0.60%) JBoss
14 15 (0.60%) WebLogic
15 8 (0.32%) Apache Pig
15 8 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 8 (0.32%) WebSphere Application Server
16 6 (0.24%) Jupyter
Applications
1 6 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.12%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.040%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.040%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 6 (0.24%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.12%) Cloudability
2 3 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.081%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.040%) Magento
4 1 (0.040%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.040%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.040%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.040%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 1,130 (45.51%) AWS
2 832 (33.51%) Azure
3 502 (20.22%) GCP
4 381 (15.34%) Serverless
5 316 (12.73%) AWS Lambda
6 232 (9.34%) Amazon S3
7 204 (8.22%) Amazon SQS
8 197 (7.93%) GitHub
9 181 (7.29%) AWS Step Functions
10 171 (6.89%) PaaS
11 143 (5.76%) OpenShift
12 133 (5.36%) IaaS
13 120 (4.83%) Amazon EKS
14 99 (3.99%) AWS CloudFormation
15 86 (3.46%) SaaS
16 64 (2.58%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 61 (2.46%) Azure Functions
18 53 (2.13%) Amazon EC2
19 52 (2.09%) Azure Storage
20 51 (2.05%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 49 (1.97%) HTTP
2 47 (1.89%) Firewall
3 40 (1.61%) DNS
4 22 (0.89%) VPN
5 19 (0.77%) SSL
6 18 (0.72%) SAN
7 17 (0.68%) Internet
7 17 (0.68%) Kerberos
8 14 (0.56%) Network Security
8 14 (0.56%) TCP/IP
9 11 (0.44%) NAS
9 11 (0.44%) WAN
10 10 (0.40%) AMQP
10 10 (0.40%) LAN
11 8 (0.32%) Cisco Nexus
11 8 (0.32%) Multicast
12 7 (0.28%) FCoE
12 7 (0.28%) Fibre Channel
12 7 (0.28%) HTTPS
12 7 (0.28%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 210 (8.46%) Amazon RDS
2 199 (8.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 171 (6.89%) MongoDB
4 155 (6.24%) NoSQL
5 154 (6.20%) PostgreSQL
6 148 (5.96%) Big Data
7 82 (3.30%) Hadoop
8 80 (3.22%) Relational Database
9 76 (3.06%) SQL Server
10 75 (3.02%) Apache Cassandra
11 70 (2.82%) BigQuery
12 63 (2.54%) Azure SQL Database
12 63 (2.54%) Data Warehouse
13 62 (2.50%) Redis
14 55 (2.22%) MySQL
15 40 (1.61%) Apache Hive
16 36 (1.45%) Data Lake
17 29 (1.17%) HBase
18 28 (1.13%) Blockchain
19 26 (1.05%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 510 (20.54%) Jenkins
2 296 (11.92%) Git (software)
3 196 (7.89%) Maven
4 159 (6.40%) JIRA
5 123 (4.95%) GitLab
6 116 (4.67%) Gradle
7 87 (3.50%) TeamCity
8 66 (2.66%) Cucumber
9 63 (2.54%) JUnit
10 62 (2.50%) CircleCI
11 56 (2.26%) Mockito
12 53 (2.13%) Sonatype Nexus
13 43 (1.73%) Bitbucket
14 38 (1.53%) Gatling
14 38 (1.53%) Travis CI
15 36 (1.45%) webpack
16 31 (1.25%) Artifactory
16 31 (1.25%) gulp
17 29 (1.17%) Subversion
18 27 (1.09%) Mocha
General
1 670 (26.98%) Finance
2 346 (13.93%) Social Skills
3 278 (11.20%) Banking
4 255 (10.27%) Front Office
5 86 (3.46%) Public Sector
6 78 (3.14%) Retail
7 67 (2.70%) Analytical Skills
8 65 (2.62%) Investment Banking
9 44 (1.77%) Influencing Skills
10 43 (1.73%) Presentation Skills
11 37 (1.49%) Telecoms
12 29 (1.17%) Financial Institution
13 22 (0.89%) Marketing
14 16 (0.64%) Games
15 15 (0.60%) Legal
15 15 (0.60%) Retail Banking
16 10 (0.40%) Electronics
17 8 (0.32%) Manufacturing
17 8 (0.32%) Multimedia
17 8 (0.32%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,011 (40.72%) Developer
2 509 (20.50%) DevOps Engineer
3 394 (15.87%) Java Developer
4 279 (11.24%) Architect
5 209 (8.42%) React Developer
6 165 (6.65%) AWS Developer
7 164 (6.60%) Senior Developer
8 161 (6.48%) AWS Engineer
9 143 (5.76%) Azure Engineer
9 143 (5.76%) Full Stack Developer
10 135 (5.44%) Software Engineer
11 118 (4.75%) Cloud Engineer
12 117 (4.71%) AWS DevOps
13 109 (4.39%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 108 (4.35%) Cloud Architect
15 103 (4.15%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 96 (3.87%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 94 (3.79%) Senior Java Developer
18 85 (3.42%) JavaScript Developer
19 81 (3.26%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 416 (16.75%) Node.js
2 403 (16.23%) React
3 376 (15.14%) Kafka
4 357 (14.38%) Spring
5 328 (13.21%) Web Services
6 262 (10.55%) Spring Boot
7 241 (9.71%) .NET
8 222 (8.94%) REST
9 180 (7.25%) Material-UI
10 152 (6.12%) .NET Core
11 134 (5.40%) RESTful
12 109 (4.39%) GraphQL
13 102 (4.11%) AngularJS
14 95 (3.83%) HTML
15 94 (3.79%) CSS
16 63 (2.54%) Akka
17 62 (2.50%) gRPC
18 57 (2.30%) OAuth
19 56 (2.26%) Elastic Stack
20 50 (2.01%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 242 (9.75%) Cloud Native
2 114 (4.59%) Greenfield Project
3 101 (4.07%) Public Cloud
4 77 (3.10%) User Experience
5 70 (2.82%) Data Structures
6 61 (2.46%) Algorithms
7 54 (2.17%) Data Centre
7 54 (2.17%) Management Information System
8 43 (1.73%) Enterprise Software
9 42 (1.69%) Hybrid Cloud
10 37 (1.49%) Legacy Systems
11 33 (1.33%) Self-Motivation
12 31 (1.25%) Legacy Applications
12 31 (1.25%) Mobile App
13 30 (1.21%) Data Protection Act
14 26 (1.05%) CMDB
15 25 (1.01%) Hedge funds
15 25 (1.01%) Market Risk
16 23 (0.93%) Fixed Income
17 20 (0.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 394 (15.87%) Linux
2 105 (4.23%) Windows
3 103 (4.15%) Unix
4 34 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 16 (0.64%) Windows Server
6 15 (0.60%) CentOS
6 15 (0.60%) Debian
7 13 (0.52%) Ubuntu
7 13 (0.52%) VMS
8 10 (0.40%) Solaris
9 9 (0.36%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.20%) CoreOS
11 4 (0.16%) Android
12 3 (0.12%) Apple iOS
12 3 (0.12%) Windows Server 2019
13 2 (0.081%) Amazon Linux
14 1 (0.040%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.040%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.040%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.040%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,092 (43.98%) DevOps
2 1,019 (41.04%) Agile Software Development
3 823 (33.15%) Microservices
4 554 (22.31%) Software Engineering
5 352 (14.18%) Infrastructure as Code
6 342 (13.77%) TDD
7 233 (9.38%) Scrum
8 221 (8.90%) Investment Management
9 219 (8.82%) Asset Management
10 205 (8.26%) Continuous Integration
11 201 (8.10%) Open Source
12 191 (7.69%) BDD
13 188 (7.57%) Test Automation
14 164 (6.60%) Migration
15 144 (5.80%) Continuous Delivery
16 135 (5.44%) Analytics
17 132 (5.32%) Problem-Solving
18 130 (5.24%) Configuration Management
19 128 (5.16%) SDLC
20 125 (5.03%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 929 (37.41%) Java
2 700 (28.19%) Python
3 484 (19.49%) JavaScript
4 377 (15.18%) SQL
5 285 (11.48%) TypeScript
6 265 (10.67%) C#
7 230 (9.26%) Go
8 181 (7.29%) Bash Shell
9 170 (6.85%) Scala
10 145 (5.84%) Java 8
11 121 (4.87%) PowerShell
12 105 (4.23%) Kotlin
13 93 (3.75%) C++
14 86 (3.46%) Ruby
15 80 (3.22%) Groovy
16 71 (2.86%) Java 11
17 62 (2.50%) PL/SQL
18 44 (1.77%) Shell Script
19 43 (1.73%) C
20 41 (1.65%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 231 (9.30%) Security Cleared
2 203 (8.18%) SC Cleared
3 108 (4.35%) Degree
4 28 (1.13%) AWS Certification
5 23 (0.93%) CISSP
6 20 (0.81%) DV Cleared
7 17 (0.68%) Computer Science Degree
8 12 (0.48%) SANS
9 9 (0.36%) CISM
9 9 (0.36%) CREST Certified
10 6 (0.24%) Master's Degree
11 4 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
11 4 (0.16%) SSCP
12 3 (0.12%) CEH
12 3 (0.12%) CRISC
12 3 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
13 2 (0.081%) CISA
13 2 (0.081%) Cisco Certification
13 2 (0.081%) OCP
13 2 (0.081%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (2.70%) QA
2 23 (0.93%) GDPR
3 17 (0.68%) Data Quality
4 15 (0.60%) Accessibility
5 14 (0.56%) PCI DSS
6 10 (0.40%) SLA
7 7 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 7 (0.28%) NCSC
7 7 (0.28%) NIST
8 3 (0.12%) OASIS TOSCA
8 3 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.081%) COBIT
9 2 (0.081%) PSD2
9 2 (0.081%) WCAG
10 1 (0.040%) HIPAA
System Software
1 1,644 (66.21%) Docker
2 44 (1.77%) Active Directory
3 36 (1.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (1.17%) Virtual Machines
5 21 (0.85%) HDFS
6 15 (0.60%) NFS
7 11 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
8 10 (0.40%) KVM
9 9 (0.36%) Hyper-V
10 7 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
10 7 (0.28%) SRDF
10 7 (0.28%) Xen
11 6 (0.24%) LXC
12 5 (0.20%) Platform Symphony
12 5 (0.20%) Squid
13 4 (0.16%) Ceph
13 4 (0.16%) vSphere
14 3 (0.12%) iptables
14 3 (0.12%) Slurm Workload Manager
14 3 (0.12%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 978 (39.39%) Terraform
2 420 (16.92%) Ansible
3 149 (6.00%) Prometheus
4 147 (5.92%) Puppet
5 112 (4.51%) Grafana
6 99 (3.99%) Opscode Chef
7 68 (2.74%) Istio
8 36 (1.45%) Kibana
9 35 (1.41%) Packer
10 32 (1.29%) Rancher
11 25 (1.01%) Docker Swarm
12 16 (0.64%) MIIS
13 15 (0.60%) logstash
13 15 (0.60%) Oozie
14 14 (0.56%) ZABBIX
15 13 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
16 12 (0.48%) Consul
17 10 (0.40%) Argo
17 10 (0.40%) Mesos
18 9 (0.36%) Active Directory Federation Services
Vendors
1 256 (10.31%) Google
2 187 (7.53%) Oracle
3 153 (6.16%) Microsoft
4 71 (2.86%) MuleSoft
5 59 (2.38%) Splunk
6 50 (2.01%) VMware
7 48 (1.93%) Red Hat
8 35 (1.41%) IBM
9 34 (1.37%) Dynatrace
10 31 (1.25%) New Relic
11 28 (1.13%) Databricks
12 27 (1.09%) Cisco
13 22 (0.89%) Sybase
14 20 (0.81%) Atlassian
15 18 (0.72%) AppDynamics
16 17 (0.68%) SAP
17 14 (0.56%) F5
18 13 (0.52%) Cloudera
18 13 (0.52%) Fortinet
18 13 (0.52%) Hortonworks