Period
to 15 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 15 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
England > London
6 months to
15 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 17 31 43
Rank change year-on-year +14 +12 +82
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 1,467 1,852 2,368
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 8.44% 6.07% 5.33%
As % of the Systems Management category 49.97% 40.23% 33.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,403 1,494 1,884
Median daily rate £550 £585 £564
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.98% +3.77% +2.50%
10th Percentile £413 £450 £450
90th Percentile £713 £722 £688
England median daily rate £525 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -4.55% - +2.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 0
Median hourly rate £68.00 £69.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.45% - -
England median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £55.67
% change year-on-year +11.11% -19.16% +39.16%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 2,936 4,603 7,148
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 16.90% 15.09% 16.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,162 3,411 5,290
Median daily rate £525 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% - +6.28%
10th Percentile £363 £300 £350
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 42 77
Median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +5.26% -13.64%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.44 £13.31
90th Percentile £68.00 £47.25 £41.25
Median hourly rate £22.50 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +28.57% - +6.37%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in London.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in London over the 6 months to 15 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in London.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the London region over the 6 months to 15 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +10 186 £550 -4.35% 190
West London +39 23 £525 +10.53% 61
South London -25 9 £445 -19.09% 18
East London +11 7 £650 +10.64% 35
Kubernetes
England

For the 6 months to 15 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 986 (67.21%) Docker
2 698 (47.58%) AWS
3 695 (47.38%) DevOps
4 597 (40.70%) Agile Software Development
5 592 (40.35%) Java
6 549 (37.42%) Terraform
7 498 (33.95%) Python
8 488 (33.27%) Azure
9 456 (31.08%) Microservices
10 378 (25.77%) Finance
11 369 (25.15%) Linux
12 336 (22.90%) GCP
13 318 (21.68%) Jenkins
14 311 (21.20%) Software Engineering
15 283 (19.29%) JavaScript
16 265 (18.06%) Node.js
17 261 (17.79%) React
18 247 (16.84%) Ansible
19 236 (16.09%) Web Services
20 219 (14.93%) Front Office
20 219 (14.93%) Spring
21 218 (14.86%) Banking
22 212 (14.45%) SQL
23 211 (14.38%) Git (software)
24 204 (13.91%) Serverless
25 186 (12.68%) Asset Management
26 179 (12.20%) Security Cleared
27 177 (12.07%) TDD
28 170 (11.59%) Kafka
29 164 (11.18%) Investment Management

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (6.41%) Apache
2 68 (4.64%) Mule
3 62 (4.23%) Apache Spark
4 57 (3.89%) Elasticsearch
5 50 (3.41%) Confluence
6 30 (2.04%) nginx
7 22 (1.50%) JBoss
8 20 (1.36%) Cloud Foundry
9 19 (1.30%) OpenStack
9 19 (1.30%) Red Hat Fuse
10 18 (1.23%) BizTalk Server
11 15 (1.02%) Camunda
12 11 (0.75%) Jupyter
13 9 (0.61%) Tomcat
14 7 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
15 6 (0.41%) IIS
16 4 (0.27%) Appian
16 4 (0.27%) SharePoint
17 3 (0.20%) Drupal
17 3 (0.20%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 5 (0.34%) Chatbot
2 3 (0.20%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.068%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 1 (0.068%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 698 (47.58%) AWS
2 488 (33.27%) Azure
3 336 (22.90%) GCP
4 204 (13.91%) Serverless
5 153 (10.43%) AWS Lambda
6 119 (8.11%) OpenShift
7 115 (7.84%) Amazon S3
8 91 (6.20%) Amazon SQS
9 73 (4.98%) GitHub
9 73 (4.98%) PaaS
10 71 (4.84%) Amazon ECS
11 61 (4.16%) Apigee
11 61 (4.16%) AWS CloudFormation
12 60 (4.09%) AWS Step Functions
13 59 (4.02%) Amazon EKS
14 55 (3.75%) Amazon EC2
15 49 (3.34%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 48 (3.27%) IaaS
17 44 (3.00%) SaaS
18 33 (2.25%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 46 (3.14%) Firewall
2 29 (1.98%) DNS
3 27 (1.84%) HTTP
4 23 (1.57%) TCP/IP
5 21 (1.43%) VPN
6 12 (0.82%) DHCP
6 12 (0.82%) HTTPS
6 12 (0.82%) Network Security
6 12 (0.82%) SSL
7 11 (0.75%) BGP
7 11 (0.75%) Internet
8 10 (0.68%) Multicast
9 9 (0.61%) SNMP
9 9 (0.61%) WAN
10 8 (0.55%) LAN
11 7 (0.48%) Kerberos
12 6 (0.41%) Anycast
12 6 (0.41%) FTP
12 6 (0.41%) VRRP
13 5 (0.34%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 104 (7.09%) Amazon RDS
2 102 (6.95%) NoSQL
3 101 (6.88%) PostgreSQL
4 95 (6.48%) Relational Database
5 93 (6.34%) SQL Server
6 85 (5.79%) MySQL
7 77 (5.25%) MongoDB
8 69 (4.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 59 (4.02%) Big Data
10 56 (3.82%) Amazon Redshift
11 42 (2.86%) BigQuery
12 38 (2.59%) Azure SQL Database
13 36 (2.45%) Apache Ignite
14 33 (2.25%) Hadoop
15 30 (2.04%) Apache Cassandra
16 23 (1.57%) Data Warehouse
17 21 (1.43%) Cosmos DB
17 21 (1.43%) Redis
18 16 (1.09%) Cloud Spanner
18 16 (1.09%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 318 (21.68%) Jenkins
2 211 (14.38%) Git (software)
3 104 (7.09%) GitLab
4 90 (6.13%) JIRA
5 86 (5.86%) Maven
6 71 (4.84%) Artifactory
7 48 (3.27%) Cucumber
8 38 (2.59%) JUnit
9 32 (2.18%) Subversion
10 31 (2.11%) CircleCI
10 31 (2.11%) Gradle
11 29 (1.98%) Selenium
11 29 (1.98%) TeamCity
12 26 (1.77%) SonarQube
13 22 (1.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 22 (1.50%) webpack
14 20 (1.36%) Mockito
15 19 (1.30%) Sonatype Nexus
16 18 (1.23%) Hudson
17 15 (1.02%) Bitbucket
General
1 378 (25.77%) Finance
2 219 (14.93%) Front Office
3 218 (14.86%) Banking
4 47 (3.20%) Public Sector
5 37 (2.52%) Retail
6 34 (2.32%) Investment Banking
7 19 (1.30%) Telecoms
8 13 (0.89%) Back Office
9 11 (0.75%) Games
10 10 (0.68%) Law
11 9 (0.61%) Marketing
12 8 (0.55%) Advertising
12 8 (0.55%) Financial Institution
13 6 (0.41%) Billing
14 5 (0.34%) Electronics
14 5 (0.34%) Manufacturing
15 4 (0.27%) Corporate Banking
15 4 (0.27%) Retail Banking
16 3 (0.20%) Automotive
16 3 (0.20%) French Language
Job Titles
1 584 (39.81%) Developer
2 329 (22.43%) DevOps Engineer
3 247 (16.84%) Java Developer
4 146 (9.95%) AWS Engineer
5 129 (8.79%) AWS DevOps
6 122 (8.32%) AWS Developer
7 115 (7.84%) Architect
7 115 (7.84%) React Developer
8 97 (6.61%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 89 (6.07%) Software Engineer
10 88 (6.00%) Senior Developer
11 76 (5.18%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 73 (4.98%) Cloud Engineer
13 70 (4.77%) Azure Engineer
14 69 (4.70%) Java Engineer
15 64 (4.36%) Full Stack Developer
16 63 (4.29%) Python Engineer
17 62 (4.23%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 62 (4.23%) Python Developer
18 60 (4.09%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 265 (18.06%) Node.js
2 261 (17.79%) React
3 236 (16.09%) Web Services
4 219 (14.93%) Spring
5 170 (11.59%) Kafka
6 116 (7.91%) Spring Boot
7 107 (7.29%) REST
8 104 (7.09%) .NET
9 94 (6.41%) Middleware
10 91 (6.20%) gRPC
11 70 (4.77%) Apache Camel
12 68 (4.64%) .NET Core
12 68 (4.64%) RESTful
13 66 (4.50%) Spring Integration
14 59 (4.02%) CSS
15 54 (3.68%) OAuth
16 52 (3.54%) Elastic Stack
16 52 (3.54%) GraphQL
16 52 (3.54%) Swagger
17 49 (3.34%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 134 (9.13%) Greenfield Project
2 101 (6.88%) Cloud Native
3 77 (5.25%) Fixed Income
4 52 (3.54%) Derivative
5 51 (3.48%) Equities
5 51 (3.48%) User Experience
6 48 (3.27%) Analytical Skills
6 48 (3.27%) Public Cloud
7 45 (3.07%) Hedge funds
8 32 (2.18%) Data Centre
9 30 (2.04%) Private Cloud
10 24 (1.64%) Linux Command Line
11 22 (1.50%) iPad
12 19 (1.30%) Hybrid Cloud
13 17 (1.16%) Management Information System
14 15 (1.02%) Algorithms
14 15 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
15 13 (0.89%) Data Structures
15 13 (0.89%) Mobile App
16 11 (0.75%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 369 (25.15%) Linux
2 113 (7.70%) Unix
3 78 (5.32%) Windows
4 35 (2.39%) CentOS
5 32 (2.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 25 (1.70%) Windows Server
7 16 (1.09%) Ubuntu
8 14 (0.95%) Windows Server 2016
9 10 (0.68%) Windows Server 2008
10 9 (0.61%) Mac OS X
10 9 (0.61%) Windows Server 2012
10 9 (0.61%) Windows Server 2019
11 8 (0.55%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 7 (0.48%) VMS
13 6 (0.41%) Android
13 6 (0.41%) Apple iOS
13 6 (0.41%) Debian
14 3 (0.20%) CoreOS
14 3 (0.20%) Fedora
14 3 (0.20%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 695 (47.38%) DevOps
2 597 (40.70%) Agile Software Development
3 456 (31.08%) Microservices
4 311 (21.20%) Software Engineering
5 186 (12.68%) Asset Management
6 177 (12.07%) TDD
7 164 (11.18%) Investment Management
8 134 (9.13%) Infrastructure as Code
9 105 (7.16%) Continuous Integration
10 104 (7.09%) BDD
11 103 (7.02%) Scrum
11 103 (7.02%) Test Automation
12 81 (5.52%) Continuous Delivery
13 79 (5.39%) Mentoring
14 77 (5.25%) Migration
15 74 (5.04%) Configuration Management
16 63 (4.29%) SDLC
17 60 (4.09%) Fintech
18 55 (3.75%) Open Source
19 52 (3.54%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 592 (40.35%) Java
2 498 (33.95%) Python
3 283 (19.29%) JavaScript
4 212 (14.45%) SQL
5 129 (8.79%) C#
5 129 (8.79%) TypeScript
6 123 (8.38%) Java 8
7 113 (7.70%) Bash Shell
8 108 (7.36%) Go
9 99 (6.75%) Kotlin
10 69 (4.70%) Scala
11 64 (4.36%) Ruby
12 60 (4.09%) C++
13 54 (3.68%) PowerShell
14 47 (3.20%) Perl
15 32 (2.18%) PHP
16 31 (2.11%) PL/SQL
17 28 (1.91%) ES6
18 26 (1.77%) R
19 25 (1.70%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 179 (12.20%) Security Cleared
2 163 (11.11%) SC Cleared
3 63 (4.29%) Degree
4 24 (1.64%) AWS Certification
5 13 (0.89%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (0.89%) Sun Certification
6 12 (0.82%) DV Cleared
7 11 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
8 9 (0.61%) Master's Degree
9 6 (0.41%) CCNA
9 6 (0.41%) Cisco Certification
9 6 (0.41%) DBS Check
10 4 (0.27%) CCNP
11 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.20%) RHCE
12 2 (0.14%) Network+ Certification
12 2 (0.14%) RHCSA
12 2 (0.14%) RHCVA
12 2 (0.14%) VCAP
13 1 (0.068%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (1.36%) QA
2 9 (0.61%) NIST
3 5 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.20%) SLA
5 2 (0.14%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.14%) GDPR
5 2 (0.14%) ISO 20022
5 2 (0.14%) PSD2
5 2 (0.14%) WCAG
6 1 (0.068%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.068%) Government Security Classifications
6 1 (0.068%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.068%) IFRS
6 1 (0.068%) NCSC
6 1 (0.068%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.068%) OASIS TOSCA
6 1 (0.068%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 986 (67.21%) Docker
2 40 (2.73%) VMware Infrastructure
3 27 (1.84%) Active Directory
3 27 (1.84%) Virtual Machines
4 16 (1.09%) VMware ESXi
5 10 (0.68%) VMware NSX
5 10 (0.68%) vSphere
6 8 (0.55%) Hyper-V
6 8 (0.55%) KVM
6 8 (0.55%) Xen
7 6 (0.41%) NFS
8 5 (0.34%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
8 5 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 4 (0.27%) Ceph
9 4 (0.27%) Varnish
10 3 (0.20%) vCloud
11 2 (0.14%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.14%) LXC
11 2 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (0.14%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 549 (37.42%) Terraform
2 247 (16.84%) Ansible
3 100 (6.82%) Puppet
4 91 (6.20%) Opscode Chef
5 49 (3.34%) Prometheus
6 38 (2.59%) Grafana
7 31 (2.11%) Istio
8 27 (1.84%) Packer
9 18 (1.23%) Rundeck
10 17 (1.16%) Consul
10 17 (1.16%) Nagios
11 15 (1.02%) Kibana
12 14 (0.95%) Argo
13 12 (0.82%) Mesos
13 12 (0.82%) Rancher
14 10 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
14 10 (0.68%) Salt
15 8 (0.55%) Icinga
15 8 (0.55%) Netcool
15 8 (0.55%) Opsview
Vendors
1 158 (10.77%) Google
2 91 (6.20%) Oracle
3 60 (4.09%) Microsoft
4 57 (3.89%) VMware
5 43 (2.93%) Red Hat
5 43 (2.93%) Splunk
6 42 (2.86%) Atlassian
7 39 (2.66%) MuleSoft
8 36 (2.45%) Bloomberg
9 27 (1.84%) AppDynamics
9 27 (1.84%) Dynatrace
10 17 (1.16%) SaltStack
11 16 (1.09%) HP
11 16 (1.09%) Sybase
12 15 (1.02%) Cisco
13 14 (0.95%) Murex
14 13 (0.89%) Hortonworks
15 12 (0.82%) Dell
15 12 (0.82%) Infoblox
16 11 (0.75%) Cloudera