Period
to 21 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
England > London
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 18 18 33
Rank change year-on-year 0 +15 +10
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 3,150 1,521 1,892
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 8.42% 8.63% 6.23%
As % of the Systems Management category 46.88% 50.15% 40.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,415 1,203 1,474
10th Percentile £465 £413 £450
25th Percentile £513 £475 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £588
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% -6.38% +2.17%
75th Percentile £700 £638 £668
90th Percentile £763 £713 £722
England median daily rate £596 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +13.48% -4.55% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 2
10th Percentile £62.70 - £63.55
25th Percentile £75.00 - £65.13
Median hourly rate £77.50 £68.00 £69.00
Median % change year-on-year +13.97% -1.45% -
75th Percentile £85.00 - £71.63
90th Percentile - - £72.45
England median hourly rate £77.50 £51.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +51.96% +13.33% -19.16%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 6,719 3,033 4,646
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.96% 17.21% 15.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,108 2,256 3,446
10th Percentile £423 £363 £303
25th Percentile £500 £438 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £585 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +11.43% -4.55% -
75th Percentile £680 £602 £637
90th Percentile £750 £700 £700
England median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 19 42
10th Percentile £17.90 £12.50 £12.44
25th Percentile £22.03 £12.76 £12.52
Median hourly rate £26.00 £22.50 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +15.56% +12.50% +2.56%
75th Percentile £62.50 £35.14 £26.75
90th Percentile £78.75 £68.00 £47.25
England median hourly rate £20.00 £23.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year -14.89% +34.29% -

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in London.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in London.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +1 346 £640 +16.41% 344
West London +17 94 £608 +15.71% 96
South London +8 29 £550 +23.60% 11
East London -4 12 £560 -6.67% 38
North London - 3 £800 - 2
Kubernetes
England

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 2,099 (66.63%) Docker
2 1,592 (50.54%) DevOps
3 1,587 (50.38%) CI/CD
4 1,373 (43.59%) AWS
5 1,350 (42.86%) Terraform
6 1,246 (39.56%) Agile Software Development
7 1,210 (38.41%) Azure
8 999 (31.71%) Java
9 998 (31.68%) Microservices
10 843 (26.76%) Jenkins
11 819 (26.00%) Python
12 704 (22.35%) Finance
13 582 (18.48%) Ansible
13 582 (18.48%) GCP
14 573 (18.19%) Kafka
15 556 (17.65%) JavaScript
16 537 (17.05%) Software Engineering
17 529 (16.79%) Linux
18 458 (14.54%) Git (software)
19 439 (13.94%) Infrastructure as Code
20 433 (13.75%) TDD
21 410 (13.02%) Serverless
22 403 (12.79%) React
23 400 (12.70%) Social Skills
24 390 (12.38%) SQL
25 375 (11.90%) Node.js
26 357 (11.33%) C#
27 342 (10.86%) Scrum
28 336 (10.67%) .NET
29 334 (10.60%) GitHub

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 148 (4.70%) Apache Spark
2 100 (3.17%) Confluence
3 87 (2.76%) Elasticsearch
4 63 (2.00%) OpenStack
5 61 (1.94%) Apache
6 56 (1.78%) nginx
7 45 (1.43%) Apache Airflow
8 41 (1.30%) IIS
9 37 (1.17%) Tomcat
10 24 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
11 23 (0.73%) BizTalk Server
12 22 (0.70%) Camunda
13 17 (0.54%) JBoss
13 17 (0.54%) WebLogic
14 13 (0.41%) Appian
15 11 (0.35%) Traefik
15 11 (0.35%) WebSphere
16 9 (0.29%) SharePoint
17 8 (0.25%) Jupyter
18 7 (0.22%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 4 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.095%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (0.063%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.032%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.032%) CPLEX
4 1 (0.032%) Sketch
4 1 (0.032%) SPSS
4 1 (0.032%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 9 (0.29%) Sentinel
2 4 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.095%) Cloudability
3 3 (0.095%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.063%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.063%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.063%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.032%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.032%) JDE OneWorld
5 1 (0.032%) Magento
5 1 (0.032%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.032%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,373 (43.59%) AWS
2 1,210 (38.41%) Azure
3 582 (18.48%) GCP
4 410 (13.02%) Serverless
5 334 (10.60%) GitHub
6 319 (10.13%) PaaS
7 245 (7.78%) AWS Lambda
8 227 (7.21%) AWS CloudFormation
8 227 (7.21%) OpenShift
9 207 (6.57%) Amazon S3
10 182 (5.78%) IaaS
11 156 (4.95%) Amazon SQS
12 141 (4.48%) SaaS
13 133 (4.22%) Amazon EKS
14 115 (3.65%) AWS Step Functions
15 97 (3.08%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 91 (2.89%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 81 (2.57%) Amazon EC2
18 77 (2.44%) Amazon ECS
19 72 (2.29%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 102 (3.24%) Firewall
2 61 (1.94%) DNS
3 53 (1.68%) SSL
4 50 (1.59%) HTTP
5 44 (1.40%) VPN
6 42 (1.33%) Network Security
7 41 (1.30%) Internet
8 26 (0.83%) MQTT
8 26 (0.83%) TCP/IP
9 24 (0.76%) IPsec
10 21 (0.67%) Kerberos
11 20 (0.63%) IKE
12 15 (0.48%) HTTPS
13 8 (0.25%) SSH
14 7 (0.22%) BGP
15 6 (0.19%) Broadband
15 6 (0.19%) DHCP
15 6 (0.19%) OpenLDAP
15 6 (0.19%) OSPF
16 5 (0.16%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 243 (7.71%) PostgreSQL
2 239 (7.59%) NoSQL
3 183 (5.81%) MongoDB
4 171 (5.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 165 (5.24%) Amazon RDS
6 144 (4.57%) SQL Server
7 140 (4.44%) Big Data
8 91 (2.89%) MySQL
9 74 (2.35%) Apache Cassandra
9 74 (2.35%) Relational Database
10 66 (2.10%) Redis
11 65 (2.06%) Hadoop
12 53 (1.68%) BigQuery
13 52 (1.65%) Azure SQL Database
13 52 (1.65%) Data Warehouse
14 48 (1.52%) Data Lake
15 42 (1.33%) Amazon Redshift
16 41 (1.30%) Couchbase
17 40 (1.27%) Apache Hive
18 29 (0.92%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 843 (26.76%) Jenkins
2 458 (14.54%) Git (software)
3 303 (9.62%) Maven
4 266 (8.44%) Gradle
5 209 (6.63%) JIRA
6 208 (6.60%) GitLab
7 202 (6.41%) TeamCity
8 126 (4.00%) Cucumber
9 123 (3.90%) Sonatype Nexus
10 110 (3.49%) Bitbucket
11 97 (3.08%) SonarQube
12 83 (2.63%) Artifactory
13 82 (2.60%) Selenium
14 80 (2.54%) CircleCI
15 52 (1.65%) JUnit
16 48 (1.52%) Subversion
17 46 (1.46%) Gatling
18 40 (1.27%) Cypress.io
19 38 (1.21%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 34 (1.08%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 704 (22.35%) Finance
2 400 (12.70%) Social Skills
3 313 (9.94%) Banking
4 225 (7.14%) Front Office
5 132 (4.19%) Analytical Skills
6 122 (3.87%) Public Sector
7 101 (3.21%) Investment Banking
8 87 (2.76%) Retail
9 64 (2.03%) Telecoms
10 57 (1.81%) Presentation Skills
11 56 (1.78%) Legal
12 52 (1.65%) Financial Institution
13 42 (1.33%) Games
14 41 (1.30%) Marketing
15 32 (1.02%) Influencing Skills
16 28 (0.89%) Law
17 23 (0.73%) Back Office
18 22 (0.70%) Retail Banking
19 14 (0.44%) Electronics
20 13 (0.41%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 915 (29.05%) Developer
2 679 (21.56%) DevOps Engineer
3 329 (10.44%) Architect
4 309 (9.81%) Java Developer
5 254 (8.06%) AWS Engineer
6 214 (6.79%) Azure Engineer
7 213 (6.76%) Software Engineer
8 165 (5.24%) Cloud Engineer
9 162 (5.14%) Senior Developer
10 127 (4.03%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 126 (4.00%) React Developer
12 125 (3.97%) Kubernetes Engineer
13 120 (3.81%) AWS DevOps
14 118 (3.75%) Java Engineer
15 116 (3.68%) Solutions Architect
16 106 (3.37%) .NET Developer
17 100 (3.17%) C# Developer
17 100 (3.17%) Cloud Architect
18 99 (3.14%) AWS DevOps Engineer
18 99 (3.14%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 573 (18.19%) Kafka
2 403 (12.79%) React
3 375 (11.90%) Node.js
4 336 (10.67%) .NET
5 285 (9.05%) Spring
6 264 (8.38%) REST
7 208 (6.60%) Spring Boot
8 158 (5.02%) .NET Core
9 127 (4.03%) HTML
10 123 (3.90%) RESTful
11 121 (3.84%) Material-UI
12 113 (3.59%) CSS
13 108 (3.43%) gRPC
14 98 (3.11%) Elastic Stack
15 94 (2.98%) .NET Framework
16 83 (2.63%) GraphQL
16 83 (2.63%) Web Services
17 75 (2.38%) JSON
18 72 (2.29%) OAuth
19 64 (2.03%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 281 (8.92%) Cloud Native
2 198 (6.29%) Greenfield Project
3 169 (5.37%) Public Cloud
4 87 (2.76%) User Experience
5 70 (2.22%) Hedge funds
6 62 (1.97%) Private Cloud
7 58 (1.84%) Data Centre
8 56 (1.78%) Algorithms
9 53 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
10 52 (1.65%) Hybrid Cloud
11 48 (1.52%) Data Protection Act
12 45 (1.43%) Linux Command Line
13 43 (1.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 42 (1.33%) Self-Motivation
15 41 (1.30%) Equities
16 40 (1.27%) Derivative
16 40 (1.27%) Legacy Systems
17 37 (1.17%) Fixed Income
17 37 (1.17%) PKI
18 36 (1.14%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 529 (16.79%) Linux
2 207 (6.57%) Windows
3 169 (5.37%) Unix
4 63 (2.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 51 (1.62%) Ubuntu
6 40 (1.27%) Windows Server
7 30 (0.95%) Debian
8 29 (0.92%) CentOS
9 15 (0.48%) Windows Server 2019
10 14 (0.44%) Android
10 14 (0.44%) Apple iOS
11 12 (0.38%) Amazon Linux
12 11 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
12 11 (0.35%) Windows Server 2016
13 9 (0.29%) Oracle Linux
14 8 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
15 7 (0.22%) VMS
16 5 (0.16%) Mac OS X
17 4 (0.13%) Mac OS
17 4 (0.13%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,592 (50.54%) DevOps
2 1,587 (50.38%) CI/CD
3 1,246 (39.56%) Agile Software Development
4 998 (31.68%) Microservices
5 537 (17.05%) Software Engineering
6 439 (13.94%) Infrastructure as Code
7 433 (13.75%) TDD
8 342 (10.86%) Scrum
9 333 (10.57%) Full Stack Development
10 287 (9.11%) Test Automation
11 274 (8.70%) Migration
12 264 (8.38%) Analytics
13 260 (8.25%) BDD
14 235 (7.46%) Fintech
15 232 (7.37%) Continuous Integration
16 218 (6.92%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 216 (6.86%) Open Source
18 188 (5.97%) Asset Management
19 186 (5.90%) SDLC
20 181 (5.75%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 999 (31.71%) Java
2 819 (26.00%) Python
3 556 (17.65%) JavaScript
4 390 (12.38%) SQL
5 357 (11.33%) C#
6 301 (9.56%) TypeScript
7 266 (8.44%) Bash
8 237 (7.52%) Go
8 237 (7.52%) PowerShell
9 178 (5.65%) Scala
10 125 (3.97%) Groovy
11 122 (3.87%) Ruby
12 104 (3.30%) Java 8
13 82 (2.60%) C++
14 71 (2.25%) Kotlin
15 70 (2.22%) Java 11
16 47 (1.49%) Shell Script
17 43 (1.37%) PL/SQL
18 34 (1.08%) C
19 33 (1.05%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 237 (7.52%) Security Cleared
2 215 (6.83%) SC Cleared
3 104 (3.30%) Degree
4 48 (1.52%) AWS Certification
5 30 (0.95%) Computer Science Degree
6 23 (0.73%) CISSP
7 22 (0.70%) DV Cleared
8 20 (0.63%) Cisco Certification
9 12 (0.38%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 11 (0.35%) CCSP
11 9 (0.29%) GIAC
12 8 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
12 8 (0.25%) Master's Degree
13 7 (0.22%) CCIE
13 7 (0.22%) SANS
14 6 (0.19%) CREST Certified
14 6 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
15 5 (0.16%) CISM
16 4 (0.13%) CCIE Security
17 3 (0.095%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 116 (3.68%) QA
2 52 (1.65%) GDPR
3 27 (0.86%) Data Quality
4 22 (0.70%) NCSC
5 20 (0.63%) SLA
6 13 (0.41%) Accessibility
7 7 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 6 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 4 (0.13%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.095%) Basel II
11 2 (0.063%) NIST
11 2 (0.063%) PMO
12 1 (0.032%) Actionable Recommendations
12 1 (0.032%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.032%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 1 (0.032%) Disclosure Scotland
12 1 (0.032%) HIPAA
12 1 (0.032%) IFRS
12 1 (0.032%) IFRS 9
12 1 (0.032%) PSD2
System Software
1 2,099 (66.63%) Docker
2 85 (2.70%) Active Directory
3 47 (1.49%) VMware Infrastructure
4 38 (1.21%) vCloud
5 28 (0.89%) Virtual Machines
6 20 (0.63%) VMware Workstation
7 17 (0.54%) vSphere
8 12 (0.38%) OpenAM
9 10 (0.32%) VMware ESXi
10 8 (0.25%) Apache Flume
11 6 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
11 6 (0.19%) VMware NSX
12 5 (0.16%) HDFS
12 5 (0.16%) OpenIDM
13 4 (0.13%) NFS
14 3 (0.095%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 3 (0.095%) Hyper-V
14 3 (0.095%) LXC
15 2 (0.063%) BitLocker
15 2 (0.063%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 1,350 (42.86%) Terraform
2 582 (18.48%) Ansible
3 227 (7.21%) Prometheus
4 225 (7.14%) Grafana
5 168 (5.33%) Puppet
6 112 (3.56%) Istio
7 108 (3.43%) Opscode Chef
8 70 (2.22%) Kibana
9 68 (2.16%) Consul
10 41 (1.30%) Packer
11 39 (1.24%) ZABBIX
12 34 (1.08%) Docker Swarm
13 31 (0.98%) Nagios
14 29 (0.92%) HAProxy
15 24 (0.76%) BladeLogic
16 23 (0.73%) ITRS Geneos
17 22 (0.70%) logstash
17 22 (0.70%) Netcool
18 16 (0.51%) Fluentd
19 15 (0.48%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 318 (10.10%) Microsoft
2 266 (8.44%) Google
3 163 (5.17%) Oracle
4 127 (4.03%) Splunk
5 102 (3.24%) Red Hat
6 100 (3.17%) Databricks
7 90 (2.86%) VMware
8 71 (2.25%) MuleSoft
9 50 (1.59%) AppDynamics
10 40 (1.27%) CA
11 38 (1.21%) CyberArk
11 38 (1.21%) IBM
12 32 (1.02%) Atlassian
13 31 (0.98%) New Relic
14 29 (0.92%) Cloudera
15 24 (0.76%) Pega
16 23 (0.73%) Hortonworks
17 22 (0.70%) Dynatrace
18 21 (0.67%) SAP
19 20 (0.63%) Sybase