Period
to 21 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 21 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
England > London
6 months to
21 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 16 26 35
Rank change year-on-year +10 +9 +57
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 1,915 1,589 2,598
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 8.65% 6.84% 6.16%
As % of the Systems Management category 50.09% 44.16% 38.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,541 1,252 2,002
10th Percentile £425 £450 £450
25th Percentile £488 £500 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £570 £575
Median % change year-on-year -3.51% -0.87% +4.55%
75th Percentile £641 £638 £650
90th Percentile £713 £700 £700
England median daily rate £525 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -4.55% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 1
Median hourly rate £68.00 £12.50 £10.50
Median % change year-on-year +444.00% +19.05% -
England median hourly rate £53.25 £50.00 £10.50
% change year-on-year +6.50% +376.19% -73.75%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 3,823 3,598 6,747
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.26% 15.48% 16.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,860 2,655 4,899
10th Percentile £400 £320 £360
25th Percentile £463 £438 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £545 £550
Median % change year-on-year -3.67% -0.91% +4.76%
75th Percentile £625 £624 £625
90th Percentile £700 £689 £688
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 39 76
10th Percentile £13.63 £12.42 £14.25
25th Percentile £18.53 £12.44 £17.66
Median hourly rate £24.00 £20.00 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year +20.00% -9.09% -11.72%
75th Percentile £63.00 £26.75 £36.67
90th Percentile £68.00 £47.83 £49.44
England median hourly rate £22.75 £17.50 £18.50
% change year-on-year +30.00% -5.41% +5.71%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in London.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in London over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in London.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in London

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the London region over the 6 months to 21 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 200 £575 - 247
West London +27 43 £555 +5.71% 121
East London +11 6 £613 +11.36% 52
South London -26 4 £481 -12.50% 4
Kubernetes
England

For the 6 months to 21 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 1,294 (67.57%) Docker
2 885 (46.21%) AWS
3 808 (42.19%) DevOps
4 782 (40.84%) Agile Software Development
5 766 (40.00%) Terraform
6 735 (38.38%) Java
7 655 (34.20%) Azure
8 560 (29.24%) Microservices
9 532 (27.78%) Python
10 517 (27.00%) Finance
11 483 (25.22%) Software Engineering
12 443 (23.13%) JavaScript
13 429 (22.40%) Node.js
14 409 (21.36%) Linux
15 399 (20.84%) GCP
16 390 (20.37%) React
17 320 (16.71%) Web Services
18 310 (16.19%) Front Office
19 309 (16.14%) Jenkins
20 290 (15.14%) Spring
20 290 (15.14%) Serverless
21 266 (13.89%) Ansible
22 252 (13.16%) SQL
23 246 (12.85%) TDD
24 242 (12.64%) Asset Management
25 241 (12.58%) Investment Management
26 236 (12.32%) Banking
26 236 (12.32%) TypeScript
27 235 (12.27%) Security Cleared
28 234 (12.22%) AWS Lambda

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (3.92%) Apache Spark
2 63 (3.29%) Mule
3 61 (3.19%) Apache
4 56 (2.92%) Elasticsearch
5 45 (2.35%) Confluence
6 42 (2.19%) nginx
7 33 (1.72%) BizTalk Server
8 31 (1.62%) Cloud Foundry
9 23 (1.20%) JBoss
10 22 (1.15%) Red Hat Fuse
11 20 (1.04%) Oracle Coherence
12 18 (0.94%) Camunda
13 17 (0.89%) Tomcat
14 16 (0.84%) OpenStack
15 13 (0.68%) Apache Airflow
16 11 (0.57%) WebSphere
17 6 (0.31%) IIS
17 6 (0.31%) SharePoint
17 6 (0.31%) WebLogic
18 5 (0.26%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 4 (0.21%) Chatbot
1 4 (0.21%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 6 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.10%) R3 Corda
2 2 (0.10%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.052%) Maximo
3 1 (0.052%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 885 (46.21%) AWS
2 655 (34.20%) Azure
3 399 (20.84%) GCP
4 290 (15.14%) Serverless
5 234 (12.22%) AWS Lambda
6 188 (9.82%) Amazon S3
7 167 (8.72%) Amazon SQS
8 148 (7.73%) AWS Step Functions
9 120 (6.27%) GitHub
10 116 (6.06%) OpenShift
11 98 (5.12%) PaaS
12 82 (4.28%) Amazon EKS
13 74 (3.86%) IaaS
14 57 (2.98%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 57 (2.98%) SaaS
15 48 (2.51%) Azure Storage
16 46 (2.40%) AWS CloudFormation
16 46 (2.40%) Azure Functions
17 44 (2.30%) Azure Logic Apps
18 38 (1.98%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 21 (1.10%) Firewall
2 20 (1.04%) DNS
3 18 (0.94%) HTTP
4 13 (0.68%) SSL
5 12 (0.63%) Network Security
6 11 (0.57%) TCP/IP
6 11 (0.57%) WAN
7 10 (0.52%) Multicast
7 10 (0.52%) SAN
8 9 (0.47%) Internet
8 9 (0.47%) LAN
8 9 (0.47%) VPN
9 8 (0.42%) HTTPS
10 7 (0.37%) Unified Communications
11 5 (0.26%) Cisco Nexus
11 5 (0.26%) Kerberos
11 5 (0.26%) NAS
12 4 (0.21%) iSCSI
12 4 (0.21%) PBX
12 4 (0.21%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 189 (9.87%) Amazon RDS
2 168 (8.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 126 (6.58%) MongoDB
4 116 (6.06%) NoSQL
5 104 (5.43%) Big Data
6 97 (5.07%) PostgreSQL
7 92 (4.80%) Relational Database
8 64 (3.34%) SQL Server
9 57 (2.98%) Azure SQL Database
10 48 (2.51%) MySQL
11 45 (2.35%) BigQuery
12 44 (2.30%) Apache Cassandra
13 39 (2.04%) Hadoop
13 39 (2.04%) Redis
14 27 (1.41%) Apache Ignite
15 22 (1.15%) Blockchain
16 18 (0.94%) Cloud Spanner
17 16 (0.84%) Data Warehouse
18 15 (0.78%) Apache Hive
19 14 (0.73%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 309 (16.14%) Jenkins
2 231 (12.06%) Git (software)
3 136 (7.10%) Maven
4 99 (5.17%) JIRA
5 73 (3.81%) GitLab
5 73 (3.81%) Gradle
6 48 (2.51%) Cucumber
7 44 (2.30%) TeamCity
8 42 (2.19%) JUnit
9 39 (2.04%) CircleCI
10 34 (1.78%) Mockito
11 32 (1.67%) SonarQube
12 30 (1.57%) webpack
13 28 (1.46%) Sonatype Nexus
14 24 (1.25%) Bitbucket
14 24 (1.25%) git-flow
15 23 (1.20%) gulp
16 22 (1.15%) Selenium
16 22 (1.15%) Travis CI
17 20 (1.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 517 (27.00%) Finance
2 310 (16.19%) Front Office
3 236 (12.32%) Banking
4 65 (3.39%) Public Sector
5 47 (2.45%) Investment Banking
5 47 (2.45%) Retail
6 26 (1.36%) Telecoms
7 16 (0.84%) Marketing
8 10 (0.52%) Games
8 10 (0.52%) Law
9 7 (0.37%) Advertising
9 7 (0.37%) Multimedia
10 6 (0.31%) Electronics
10 6 (0.31%) Financial Institution
10 6 (0.31%) Manufacturing
10 6 (0.31%) Publishing
11 5 (0.26%) Retail Banking
12 3 (0.16%) Automotive
12 3 (0.16%) Billing
13 2 (0.10%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 869 (45.38%) Developer
2 402 (20.99%) DevOps Engineer
3 312 (16.29%) Java Developer
4 238 (12.43%) React Developer
5 186 (9.71%) AWS Developer
6 164 (8.56%) Architect
7 152 (7.94%) Senior Developer
8 149 (7.78%) AWS DevOps
9 141 (7.36%) AWS Engineer
10 124 (6.48%) Full Stack Developer
11 113 (5.90%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 100 (5.22%) Azure Engineer
13 99 (5.17%) Node.js Developer
14 94 (4.91%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 91 (4.75%) JavaScript Developer
16 82 (4.28%) Cloud Engineer
17 78 (4.07%) Senior Java Developer
18 70 (3.66%) Software Engineer
19 69 (3.60%) .NET Developer
20 67 (3.50%) Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 429 (22.40%) Node.js
2 390 (20.37%) React
3 320 (16.71%) Web Services
4 290 (15.14%) Spring
5 228 (11.91%) Kafka
6 192 (10.03%) .NET
7 177 (9.24%) Spring Boot
8 172 (8.98%) REST
9 129 (6.74%) .NET Core
10 86 (4.49%) RESTful
11 79 (4.13%) Middleware
12 69 (3.60%) GraphQL
13 68 (3.55%) Apache Camel
13 68 (3.55%) CSS
14 59 (3.08%) gRPC
14 59 (3.08%) Spring Integration
15 56 (2.92%) AngularJS
16 54 (2.82%) JSON
17 46 (2.40%) HTML
18 45 (2.35%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 161 (8.41%) Cloud Native
2 124 (6.48%) Greenfield Project
3 83 (4.33%) User Experience
4 60 (3.13%) Public Cloud
5 50 (2.61%) Fixed Income
6 44 (2.30%) Data Centre
7 42 (2.19%) Analytical Skills
8 31 (1.62%) Algorithms
9 30 (1.57%) Derivative
9 30 (1.57%) Hybrid Cloud
10 25 (1.31%) Data Structures
10 25 (1.31%) Enterprise Software
10 25 (1.31%) Equities
10 25 (1.31%) Linux Command Line
10 25 (1.31%) Management Information System
11 24 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
12 23 (1.20%) Market Risk
13 22 (1.15%) iPad
13 22 (1.15%) Private Cloud
14 19 (0.99%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 409 (21.36%) Linux
2 139 (7.26%) Unix
3 98 (5.12%) Windows
4 24 (1.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 22 (1.15%) Windows Server
6 15 (0.78%) CentOS
7 13 (0.68%) Mac OS X
8 7 (0.37%) CoreOS
8 7 (0.37%) Solaris
8 7 (0.37%) VMS
9 6 (0.31%) Android
9 6 (0.31%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.26%) Apple iOS
10 5 (0.26%) Debian
10 5 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
10 5 (0.26%) Windows Server 2016
10 5 (0.26%) Windows Server 2019
11 4 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.16%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.10%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 808 (42.19%) DevOps
2 782 (40.84%) Agile Software Development
3 560 (29.24%) Microservices
4 483 (25.22%) Software Engineering
5 246 (12.85%) TDD
6 242 (12.64%) Asset Management
7 241 (12.58%) Investment Management
8 192 (10.03%) Infrastructure as Code
9 153 (7.99%) Continuous Integration
10 150 (7.83%) Scrum
11 142 (7.42%) BDD
12 138 (7.21%) Test Automation
13 116 (6.06%) Migration
13 116 (6.06%) Open Source
14 103 (5.38%) Continuous Delivery
15 95 (4.96%) SDLC
16 91 (4.75%) Release Management
17 89 (4.65%) Configuration Management
18 85 (4.44%) Mentoring
19 84 (4.39%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 735 (38.38%) Java
2 532 (27.78%) Python
3 443 (23.13%) JavaScript
4 252 (13.16%) SQL
5 236 (12.32%) TypeScript
6 204 (10.65%) C#
7 162 (8.46%) Go
8 136 (7.10%) Java 8
9 129 (6.74%) Kotlin
10 106 (5.54%) Scala
11 98 (5.12%) Bash Shell
12 94 (4.91%) C++
13 80 (4.18%) PowerShell
14 74 (3.86%) Ruby
15 43 (2.25%) C
16 40 (2.09%) PL/SQL
17 37 (1.93%) T-SQL
18 35 (1.83%) Groovy
19 28 (1.46%) ES6
19 28 (1.46%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 235 (12.27%) Security Cleared
2 215 (11.23%) SC Cleared
3 95 (4.96%) Degree
4 20 (1.04%) DV Cleared
5 15 (0.78%) AWS Certification
6 9 (0.47%) CISSP
7 7 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
7 7 (0.37%) CISM
8 5 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
9 4 (0.21%) CCNA
9 4 (0.21%) CCNP
9 4 (0.21%) Computer Science Degree
10 3 (0.16%) RHCE
10 3 (0.16%) SSCP
11 2 (0.10%) CEH
11 2 (0.10%) CISA
11 2 (0.10%) CRISC
11 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.10%) SANS
11 2 (0.10%) VCAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (1.57%) QA
2 13 (0.68%) SLA
3 8 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (0.37%) NIST
5 4 (0.21%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.21%) WCAG
6 3 (0.16%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.10%) GDPR
7 2 (0.10%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.10%) OASIS TOSCA
8 1 (0.052%) Government Security Classifications
8 1 (0.052%) IFRS
System Software
1 1,294 (67.57%) Docker
2 44 (2.30%) Virtual Machines
3 31 (1.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (1.41%) Active Directory
5 11 (0.57%) VMware NSX
6 10 (0.52%) Hyper-V
6 10 (0.52%) KVM
7 9 (0.47%) NFS
8 7 (0.37%) vSphere
8 7 (0.37%) Xen
9 5 (0.26%) LXC
9 5 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 4 (0.21%) Ceph
10 4 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
10 4 (0.21%) SRDF
10 4 (0.21%) vCloud
11 3 (0.16%) HDFS
12 2 (0.10%) GridGain
13 1 (0.052%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 766 (40.00%) Terraform
2 266 (13.89%) Ansible
3 81 (4.23%) Puppet
4 72 (3.76%) Prometheus
5 69 (3.60%) Opscode Chef
6 62 (3.24%) Grafana
7 56 (2.92%) Istio
8 22 (1.15%) Packer
9 18 (0.94%) Argo
10 14 (0.73%) Kibana
11 13 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
12 12 (0.63%) Rancher
13 11 (0.57%) Mesos
14 10 (0.52%) Nagios
15 8 (0.42%) Consul
15 8 (0.42%) ZABBIX
16 7 (0.37%) Salt
16 7 (0.37%) Zipkin
17 6 (0.31%) logstash
17 6 (0.31%) vRealize
Vendors
1 158 (8.25%) Google
2 105 (5.48%) Oracle
3 91 (4.75%) Microsoft
4 58 (3.03%) MuleSoft
5 48 (2.51%) VMware
6 32 (1.67%) Red Hat
7 30 (1.57%) Splunk
8 23 (1.20%) Atlassian
8 23 (1.20%) Bloomberg
9 19 (0.99%) Sybase
10 18 (0.94%) IBM
11 16 (0.84%) Cisco
11 16 (0.84%) New Relic
12 14 (0.73%) F5
13 13 (0.68%) Dynatrace
14 12 (0.63%) Hortonworks
15 11 (0.57%) AppDynamics
15 11 (0.57%) Confluent
15 11 (0.57%) Murex
15 11 (0.57%) SAP