Period
to 12 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 12 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
England > London
6 months to
12 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 22 20 16
Rank change year-on-year -2 -4 -6
Contract jobs citing Linux 1,177 3,043 4,085
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 7.83% 7.63% 8.94%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.27% 42.18% 43.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 836 2,155 2,952
Median daily rate £500 £550 £535
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.09% +2.80% +7.00%
10th Percentile £325 £388 £375
90th Percentile £688 £688 £688
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 39 42
Median hourly rate £46.50 £45.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.20% +1.11% +12.50%
10th Percentile £28.55 £25.25 £15.91
90th Percentile £80.50 £55.00 £55.83
England median hourly rate £44.00 £45.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year -2.22% +8.43% +3.75%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 2,600 7,215 9,386
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.30% 18.09% 20.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,737 5,067 6,665
Median daily rate £485 £475 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.11% -2.56% +2.63%
10th Percentile £225 £175 £205
90th Percentile £651 £650 £650
England median daily rate £450 £433 £438
% change year-on-year +4.05% -1.14% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 60 201 309
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% +10.53% -2.56%
10th Percentile £17.23 £12.50 £13.00
90th Percentile £51.95 £52.50 £47.83
Median hourly rate £19.50 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +11.43% - +1.45%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in London

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Linux in London.

Daily rate trend for Linux in London

Linux
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Linux in London over the 6 months to 12 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Linux in London

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Linux in London.

Hourly rate trend for Linux in London

Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Linux in London over the 6 months to 12 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Linux in London

Linux
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the London region over the 6 months to 12 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +4 205 £525 -4.55% 147
South London +5 39 £425 -18.58% 9
West London -33 16 £430 -10.88% 44
East London +2 12 £375 -34.84% 11
North London +10 9 £500 -9.09% 6
Linux
England

For the 6 months to 12 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 385 (32.71%) Windows
2 367 (31.18%) Python
3 354 (30.08%) DevOps
4 340 (28.89%) Java
5 333 (28.29%) Unix
6 292 (24.81%) Agile Software Development
7 272 (23.11%) Docker
8 269 (22.85%) Kubernetes
9 266 (22.60%) SQL
10 261 (22.18%) AWS
11 245 (20.82%) Finance
12 218 (18.52%) Oracle
13 217 (18.44%) Azure
14 211 (17.93%) Security Cleared
15 206 (17.50%) Ansible
16 192 (16.31%) Git (software)
17 188 (15.97%) Terraform
18 179 (15.21%) Bash Shell
19 171 (14.53%) SC Cleared
20 163 (13.85%) Jenkins
21 155 (13.17%) JavaScript
22 150 (12.74%) Banking
23 140 (11.89%) Microsoft
24 137 (11.64%) JIRA
25 135 (11.47%) Analytical Skills
26 130 (11.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
27 126 (10.71%) Test Automation
28 124 (10.54%) PowerShell
29 121 (10.28%) MySQL
30 119 (10.11%) Microservices

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 102 (8.67%) Confluence
2 50 (4.25%) Tomcat
3 48 (4.08%) Apache
4 45 (3.82%) WebLogic
5 40 (3.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 34 (2.89%) SharePoint
7 33 (2.80%) JBoss
8 31 (2.63%) Red Hat Fuse
9 25 (2.12%) Elasticsearch
9 25 (2.12%) Mule
10 24 (2.04%) Apache Spark
11 23 (1.95%) OpenStack
12 15 (1.27%) nginx
13 13 (1.10%) SAS
13 13 (1.10%) WebSphere
14 11 (0.93%) Jupyter
15 9 (0.76%) IIS
16 8 (0.68%) Oracle Workflow
17 6 (0.51%) MQSeries
17 6 (0.51%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 13 (1.10%) SPSS
2 11 (0.93%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.17%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.085%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 14 (1.19%) Oracle Applications
2 10 (0.85%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 9 (0.76%) Oracle ERP
4 5 (0.42%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.17%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
5 2 (0.17%) SunGard Martini
6 1 (0.085%) Actimize
6 1 (0.085%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.085%) FINCAD Analytics
6 1 (0.085%) Magento
6 1 (0.085%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.085%) Oracle EBS R12
6 1 (0.085%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.085%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.085%) RMDS
6 1 (0.085%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 261 (22.18%) AWS
2 217 (18.44%) Azure
3 62 (5.27%) OpenShift
4 61 (5.18%) PaaS
5 56 (4.76%) Amazon EC2
6 55 (4.67%) GCP
7 47 (3.99%) Amazon S3
7 47 (3.99%) SaaS
8 44 (3.74%) AWS CloudFormation
8 44 (3.74%) GitHub
9 41 (3.48%) Serverless
10 29 (2.46%) IaaS
11 27 (2.29%) AWS Lambda
12 25 (2.12%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 25 (2.12%) Amazon ECS
13 20 (1.70%) Amazon EKS
13 20 (1.70%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 19 (1.61%) Cloud Computing
14 19 (1.61%) Datadog
15 18 (1.53%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 102 (8.67%) Firewall
2 100 (8.50%) DNS
3 54 (4.59%) TCP/IP
4 50 (4.25%) VPN
5 48 (4.08%) Internet
6 47 (3.99%) HTTP
7 42 (3.57%) DHCP
8 32 (2.72%) SAN
9 30 (2.55%) Network Security
10 27 (2.29%) WAN
11 25 (2.12%) LAN
12 22 (1.87%) DMZ
13 20 (1.70%) SNMP
14 16 (1.36%) Cisco ASA
15 14 (1.19%) OSPF
16 13 (1.10%) Kerberos
16 13 (1.10%) SSH
16 13 (1.10%) SSL
17 12 (1.02%) HTTPS
17 12 (1.02%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 121 (10.28%) MySQL
2 109 (9.26%) SQL Server
3 83 (7.05%) MongoDB
4 73 (6.20%) Relational Database
5 55 (4.67%) PostgreSQL
6 53 (4.50%) NoSQL
7 47 (3.99%) Big Data
8 43 (3.65%) Oracle Database
9 29 (2.46%) Amazon RDS
10 27 (2.29%) Oracle ODI
11 26 (2.21%) Data Warehouse
12 24 (2.04%) Redis
13 23 (1.95%) Hadoop
14 22 (1.87%) Oracle Database 12c
15 15 (1.27%) Power BI
16 14 (1.19%) Amazon Redshift
16 14 (1.19%) Apache Cassandra
16 14 (1.19%) Data Lake
16 14 (1.19%) KDB
16 14 (1.19%) Oracle BI EE
Development Applications
1 192 (16.31%) Git (software)
2 163 (13.85%) Jenkins
3 137 (11.64%) JIRA
4 56 (4.76%) Subversion
5 52 (4.42%) Maven
6 42 (3.57%) Bitbucket
7 40 (3.40%) GitLab
8 34 (2.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 31 (2.63%) Artifactory
9 31 (2.63%) Sonatype Nexus
10 29 (2.46%) JMeter
11 28 (2.38%) Mockito
12 26 (2.21%) Cucumber
12 26 (2.21%) SonarQube
12 26 (2.21%) TeamCity
13 25 (2.12%) JUnit
14 23 (1.95%) Gradle
15 21 (1.78%) Selenium
16 19 (1.61%) Hudson
17 17 (1.44%) FishEye
General
1 245 (20.82%) Finance
2 150 (12.74%) Banking
3 94 (7.99%) Front Office
4 79 (6.71%) Investment Banking
5 78 (6.63%) Public Sector
6 26 (2.21%) Telecoms
7 17 (1.44%) Back Office
8 16 (1.36%) Electronics
9 13 (1.10%) Manufacturing
9 13 (1.10%) Retail
10 12 (1.02%) Marketing
11 9 (0.76%) Law
12 8 (0.68%) Financial Institution
13 7 (0.59%) French Language
14 6 (0.51%) Police
15 5 (0.42%) Games
16 4 (0.34%) Advertising
17 3 (0.25%) Legal
18 2 (0.17%) Aerospace
18 2 (0.17%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 343 (29.14%) Developer
2 186 (15.80%) DevOps Engineer
3 128 (10.88%) Java Developer
4 75 (6.37%) Architect
5 71 (6.03%) Linux Engineer
6 69 (5.86%) AWS Engineer
7 68 (5.78%) Analyst
8 56 (4.76%) Administrator
9 54 (4.59%) AWS DevOps
10 53 (4.50%) Cloud Engineer
11 52 (4.42%) Python Developer
12 51 (4.33%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 50 (4.25%) Senior Developer
14 38 (3.23%) C++ Developer
15 37 (3.14%) Python Engineer
15 37 (3.14%) Senior DevOps
16 36 (3.06%) Consultant
17 33 (2.80%) Senior DevOps Engineer
18 32 (2.72%) Systems Administrator
19 31 (2.63%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 99 (8.41%) HTML
2 93 (7.90%) Web Services
3 75 (6.37%) .NET
4 69 (5.86%) REST
5 65 (5.52%) Spring
6 61 (5.18%) Node.js
7 60 (5.10%) XML
8 59 (5.01%) CSS
9 57 (4.84%) Middleware
10 55 (4.67%) Kafka
11 49 (4.16%) FIX Protocol
12 45 (3.82%) JSON
13 43 (3.65%) LDAP
14 37 (3.14%) RabbitMQ
14 37 (3.14%) SOAP
15 36 (3.06%) LAMP
16 34 (2.89%) HTML5
17 32 (2.72%) Apache Camel
18 31 (2.63%) AngularJS
18 31 (2.63%) Oracle Fusion
Miscellaneous
1 135 (11.47%) Analytical Skills
2 69 (5.86%) Linux Command Line
3 44 (3.74%) Fixed Income
4 36 (3.06%) Algorithms
5 35 (2.97%) User Experience
6 32 (2.72%) Cloud Native
6 32 (2.72%) Derivative
7 29 (2.46%) Data Structures
7 29 (2.46%) Management Information System
8 28 (2.38%) Data Centre
9 27 (2.29%) Clustering
10 26 (2.21%) Public Cloud
11 25 (2.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 22 (1.87%) Hybrid Cloud
12 22 (1.87%) Self-Motivation
13 21 (1.78%) Equities
14 18 (1.53%) Private Cloud
15 16 (1.36%) Greenfield Project
16 15 (1.27%) Hedge funds
17 14 (1.19%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 385 (32.71%) Windows
2 333 (28.29%) Unix
3 130 (11.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 98 (8.33%) Windows Server
5 66 (5.61%) CentOS
6 60 (5.10%) Mac OS X
7 51 (4.33%) Ubuntu
8 27 (2.29%) Solaris
9 26 (2.21%) Debian
10 15 (1.27%) Apple iOS
10 15 (1.27%) Oracle Linux
10 15 (1.27%) Windows Server 2008
10 15 (1.27%) Windows Server 2012
10 15 (1.27%) Windows Server 2016
11 14 (1.19%) Android
12 10 (0.85%) AIX
12 10 (0.85%) Windows Server 2019
13 9 (0.76%) Windows 10
14 8 (0.68%) CoreOS
14 8 (0.68%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 354 (30.08%) DevOps
2 292 (24.81%) Agile Software Development
3 126 (10.71%) Test Automation
4 119 (10.11%) Microservices
5 116 (9.86%) TDD
6 97 (8.24%) Continuous Integration
7 93 (7.90%) Configuration Management
8 91 (7.73%) Infrastructure as Code
9 89 (7.56%) Problem-Solving
10 84 (7.14%) Migration
11 72 (6.12%) Open Source
12 69 (5.86%) Software Engineering
13 65 (5.52%) Scrum
14 62 (5.27%) Continuous Deployment
15 59 (5.01%) Continuous Delivery
16 56 (4.76%) SOA
17 55 (4.67%) Low Latency
18 54 (4.59%) Performance Tuning
19 51 (4.33%) Information Security
20 49 (4.16%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 367 (31.18%) Python
2 340 (28.89%) Java
3 266 (22.60%) SQL
4 179 (15.21%) Bash Shell
5 155 (13.17%) JavaScript
6 124 (10.54%) PowerShell
7 113 (9.60%) Shell Script
8 93 (7.90%) C++
9 85 (7.22%) Perl
10 73 (6.20%) C
11 64 (5.44%) C#
12 60 (5.10%) Ruby
13 55 (4.67%) Java 8
14 45 (3.82%) PHP
15 36 (3.06%) PL/SQL
16 30 (2.55%) Groovy
17 26 (2.21%) Go
18 22 (1.87%) T-SQL
19 21 (1.78%) Scala
20 12 (1.02%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 211 (17.93%) Security Cleared
2 171 (14.53%) SC Cleared
3 50 (4.25%) Degree
4 34 (2.89%) DV Cleared
5 22 (1.87%) Computer Science Degree
6 17 (1.44%) AWS Certification
6 17 (1.44%) Cisco Certification
7 16 (1.36%) CISSP
8 14 (1.19%) CCNA
9 12 (1.02%) CISA
10 10 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
10 10 (0.85%) CISM
10 10 (0.85%) CREST Certified
11 9 (0.76%) GIAC
11 9 (0.76%) Microsoft Certification
12 8 (0.68%) Master's Degree
13 7 (0.59%) DBS Check
13 7 (0.59%) ISEB
13 7 (0.59%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 6 (0.51%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (4.33%) QA
2 32 (2.72%) SLA
3 16 (1.36%) WCAG
4 10 (0.85%) PCI DSS
5 7 (0.59%) PMO
6 6 (0.51%) NIST
7 5 (0.42%) GDPR
8 3 (0.25%) Data Quality
8 3 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.25%) Government Security Classifications
8 3 (0.25%) ISO 20022
8 3 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.17%) MiFID
9 2 (0.17%) NCSC
10 1 (0.085%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.085%) TARGET2
System Software
1 272 (23.11%) Docker
2 102 (8.67%) Active Directory
3 89 (7.56%) VMware Infrastructure
4 32 (2.72%) Virtual Machines
5 26 (2.21%) VMware ESXi
6 19 (1.61%) Oracle RAC
7 18 (1.53%) Hyper-V
8 13 (1.10%) vSphere
9 11 (0.93%) BitLocker
9 11 (0.93%) Citrix Hypervisor
9 11 (0.93%) XenApp
10 8 (0.68%) NFS
10 8 (0.68%) Squid
10 8 (0.68%) VMware NSX
11 6 (0.51%) Virtual Servers
12 4 (0.34%) iptables
12 4 (0.34%) Terminal Server
12 4 (0.34%) VirtualBox
13 3 (0.25%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 3 (0.25%) Xen
Systems Management
1 269 (22.85%) Kubernetes
2 206 (17.50%) Ansible
3 188 (15.97%) Terraform
4 100 (8.50%) Puppet
5 62 (5.27%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (2.63%) Nagios
6 31 (2.63%) Packer
7 23 (1.95%) Grafana
8 21 (1.78%) Prometheus
9 19 (1.61%) Single Sign-On
10 18 (1.53%) Consul
10 18 (1.53%) SCOM
11 16 (1.36%) Salt
12 14 (1.19%) ZABBIX
13 13 (1.10%) Istio
13 13 (1.10%) Kibana
13 13 (1.10%) Red Hat Satellite
14 12 (1.02%) EnCase
14 12 (1.02%) FTK
14 12 (1.02%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 218 (18.52%) Oracle
2 140 (11.89%) Microsoft
3 116 (9.86%) Red Hat
3 116 (9.86%) VMware
4 91 (7.73%) Splunk
5 62 (5.27%) Cisco
6 51 (4.33%) Sybase
7 46 (3.91%) Atlassian
8 41 (3.48%) HP
9 38 (3.23%) IBM
10 35 (2.97%) SAP
11 31 (2.63%) NetApp
12 23 (1.95%) Palo Alto
13 22 (1.87%) Google
14 21 (1.78%) New Relic
15 20 (1.70%) Dell
16 19 (1.61%) AppDynamics
17 18 (1.53%) Citrix
18 17 (1.44%) MuleSoft
19 15 (1.27%) SaltStack