Period
to 16 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 16 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
England > London
6 months to
16 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 25 18 14
Rank change year-on-year -7 -4 -3
Contract jobs citing Linux 1,890 3,556 4,264
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 6.68% 8.13% 9.10%
As % of the Operating Systems category 38.55% 42.61% 44.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,270 2,497 3,070
London median daily rate £538 £530 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.42% +0.95% +5.00%
10th Percentile £338 £375 £363
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 25 38
London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% -
10th Percentile £17.63 £23.04 £17.70
90th Percentile £59.75 £87.35 £57.50
England median hourly rate £44.51 £45.00 £41.15
% change year-on-year -1.09% +9.36% +2.88%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 4,903 8,346 9,664
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.32% 19.08% 20.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,354 5,809 6,905
London median daily rate £450 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -7.69% +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £158 £181 £200
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
England median daily rate £415 £430 £425
% change year-on-year -3.49% +1.18% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 177 236 296
London median hourly rate £21.50 £19.25 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.69% +2.94% -6.50%
10th Percentile £14.80 £12.50 £12.00
90th Percentile £63.75 £47.50 £47.83
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.25 £17.43
% change year-on-year +1.45% -1.03% +5.64%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in London

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in London

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in London over the 6 months to 16 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in London

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in London

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in London over the 6 months to 16 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in London

Linux
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the London region over the 6 months to 16 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -12 338 £545 -0.91% 273
South London -6 97 £525 - 27
West London -5 69 £425 -12.82% 106
East London +21 40 £575 - 58
North London -11 8 £450 +12.50% 12
Linux
England

For the 6 months to 16 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 708 (37.46%) DevOps
2 688 (36.40%) Python
3 595 (31.48%) Agile Software Development
4 547 (28.94%) Windows
5 541 (28.62%) AWS
6 540 (28.57%) Java
7 490 (25.93%) Docker
8 411 (21.75%) Unix
9 397 (21.01%) Git (software)
10 389 (20.58%) Ansible
11 382 (20.21%) Jenkins
12 373 (19.74%) Terraform
13 361 (19.10%) Azure
14 352 (18.62%) Kubernetes
15 341 (18.04%) SQL
16 327 (17.30%) Finance
17 316 (16.72%) Security Cleared
18 297 (15.71%) Bash Shell
19 275 (14.55%) Oracle
20 261 (13.81%) Continuous Integration
21 257 (13.60%) Puppet
22 256 (13.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
23 245 (12.96%) SC Cleared
24 235 (12.43%) Red Hat
25 233 (12.33%) Microservices
26 214 (11.32%) JavaScript
27 210 (11.11%) Configuration Management
28 207 (10.95%) Microsoft
29 206 (10.90%) JIRA
30 188 (9.95%) Ruby

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 116 (6.14%) Confluence
2 103 (5.45%) Elasticsearch
3 71 (3.76%) Apache Spark
3 71 (3.76%) Tomcat
4 55 (2.91%) Apache
5 53 (2.80%) WebLogic
6 50 (2.65%) OpenStack
7 38 (2.01%) nginx
8 27 (1.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 26 (1.38%) IIS
10 21 (1.11%) JBoss
10 21 (1.11%) WebSphere
11 15 (0.79%) MS Exchange
12 13 (0.69%) SAS
12 13 (0.69%) SharePoint
13 12 (0.63%) Red Hat Fuse
14 11 (0.58%) Oracle Workflow
15 9 (0.48%) Drupal
16 8 (0.42%) Cloud Foundry
16 8 (0.42%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 35 (1.85%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (0.58%) MS Visio
3 7 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.11%) Mozilla Thunderbird
5 2 (0.11%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.053%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.053%) GNU Octave
6 1 (0.053%) Houdini
6 1 (0.053%) Maya
6 1 (0.053%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 10 (0.53%) FINCAD Analytics
2 8 (0.42%) Oracle AML
3 6 (0.32%) BusinessWorks
3 6 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.32%) Oracle Applications
4 5 (0.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 4 (0.21%) Magento
5 4 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.21%) SAP ERP
6 3 (0.16%) ION MarketView
6 3 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.16%) Temenos T24
7 2 (0.11%) Actimize
7 2 (0.11%) OpenText VIM for SAP
7 2 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
7 2 (0.11%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 2 (0.11%) RMDS
8 1 (0.053%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.053%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.053%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 541 (28.62%) AWS
2 361 (19.10%) Azure
3 171 (9.05%) GCP
4 104 (5.50%) Amazon EC2
5 86 (4.55%) GitHub
6 82 (4.34%) Serverless
7 80 (4.23%) OpenShift
8 73 (3.86%) Amazon S3
9 67 (3.54%) AWS CloudFormation
10 66 (3.49%) AWS Lambda
11 60 (3.17%) IaaS
12 58 (3.07%) Office 365
13 53 (2.80%) PaaS
14 36 (1.90%) Cloud Computing
15 33 (1.75%) Route 53
16 26 (1.38%) Amazon ECS
16 26 (1.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 25 (1.32%) Amazon EKS
18 24 (1.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 23 (1.22%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 131 (6.93%) Firewall
2 104 (5.50%) TCP/IP
3 83 (4.39%) VPN
4 75 (3.97%) HTTP
5 72 (3.81%) DNS
6 42 (2.22%) SAN
7 41 (2.17%) Network Security
8 36 (1.90%) DHCP
8 36 (1.90%) LAN
9 35 (1.85%) Internet
10 33 (1.75%) WAN
11 32 (1.69%) SSL
12 29 (1.53%) Ethernet
12 29 (1.53%) Wi-Fi
13 23 (1.22%) Wireshark
14 21 (1.11%) FTP
15 20 (1.06%) SSH
15 20 (1.06%) Wireless
16 19 (1.01%) Multicast
17 18 (0.95%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 181 (9.58%) MySQL
2 164 (8.68%) MongoDB
3 130 (6.88%) SQL Server
4 124 (6.56%) NoSQL
5 121 (6.40%) Big Data
6 116 (6.14%) PostgreSQL
7 92 (4.87%) Hadoop
8 85 (4.50%) Oracle Database
9 79 (4.18%) Amazon RDS
10 67 (3.54%) Relational Database
11 35 (1.85%) Oracle Database 12c
12 34 (1.80%) Apache Cassandra
13 29 (1.53%) Redis
14 28 (1.48%) Data Warehouse
15 22 (1.16%) RDBMS
16 20 (1.06%) Apache Hive
17 19 (1.01%) Flink
18 18 (0.95%) DB2
18 18 (0.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 17 (0.90%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 397 (21.01%) Git (software)
2 382 (20.21%) Jenkins
3 206 (10.90%) JIRA
4 103 (5.45%) Maven
5 81 (4.29%) GitLab
6 60 (3.17%) JUnit
7 51 (2.70%) Subversion
8 49 (2.59%) Artifactory
9 44 (2.33%) Gradle
10 42 (2.22%) Selenium
10 42 (2.22%) Sonatype Nexus
11 40 (2.12%) Mockito
11 40 (2.12%) TeamCity
12 35 (1.85%) Bitbucket
13 32 (1.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 29 (1.53%) Ant
14 29 (1.53%) Team Foundation Server
15 25 (1.32%) Cucumber
15 25 (1.32%) SonarQube
16 18 (0.95%) CircleCI
General
1 327 (17.30%) Finance
2 147 (7.78%) Banking
3 106 (5.61%) Public Sector
4 48 (2.54%) Front Office
5 46 (2.43%) Investment Banking
6 28 (1.48%) Telecoms
7 24 (1.27%) Retail
8 18 (0.95%) Financial Institution
8 18 (0.95%) Marketing
9 17 (0.90%) Games
10 15 (0.79%) Electronics
11 14 (0.74%) Law
12 12 (0.63%) German Language
12 12 (0.63%) Manufacturing
12 12 (0.63%) Pharmaceutical
13 8 (0.42%) Advertising
14 7 (0.37%) Back Office
14 7 (0.37%) Italian Language
15 5 (0.26%) Publishing
16 3 (0.16%) French Language
Job Titles
1 507 (26.83%) Developer
2 390 (20.63%) DevOps Engineer
3 136 (7.20%) Java Developer
4 121 (6.40%) Architect
5 118 (6.24%) AWS Engineer
6 98 (5.19%) Cloud Engineer
7 95 (5.03%) AWS DevOps
8 86 (4.55%) Administrator
9 84 (4.44%) Analyst
9 84 (4.44%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 80 (4.23%) Linux Engineer
11 70 (3.70%) Senior DevOps
12 68 (3.60%) Senior Developer
13 62 (3.28%) Consultant
14 59 (3.12%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 57 (3.02%) C++ Developer
16 56 (2.96%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 50 (2.65%) Linux/Unix DevOps
18 48 (2.54%) Python Developer
19 46 (2.43%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 163 (8.62%) REST
2 154 (8.15%) Kafka
3 145 (7.67%) Web Services
4 115 (6.08%) Spring
5 109 (5.77%) JSON
6 93 (4.92%) HTML
6 93 (4.92%) RESTful
7 91 (4.81%) AngularJS
8 89 (4.71%) .NET
9 88 (4.66%) Node.js
10 83 (4.39%) XML
11 81 (4.29%) CSS
12 78 (4.13%) Elastic Stack
13 67 (3.54%) SOAP
14 66 (3.49%) Spring Boot
15 62 (3.28%) React
16 60 (3.17%) RabbitMQ
17 57 (3.02%) Middleware
18 41 (2.17%) Django
19 39 (2.06%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 103 (5.45%) Analytical Skills
2 101 (5.34%) Data Centre
3 77 (4.07%) Linux Command Line
4 56 (2.96%) Public Cloud
5 49 (2.59%) Data Structures
6 41 (2.17%) User Experience
7 40 (2.12%) Algorithms
8 35 (1.85%) Cloud Native
9 32 (1.69%) Fixed Income
9 32 (1.69%) Greenfield Project
10 30 (1.59%) Derivative
10 30 (1.59%) Replication
11 29 (1.53%) Hedge funds
12 27 (1.43%) Management Information System
13 26 (1.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 23 (1.22%) Clustering
15 22 (1.16%) Fibre Optics
15 22 (1.16%) PKI
16 21 (1.11%) Mobile App
17 20 (1.06%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 547 (28.94%) Windows
2 411 (21.75%) Unix
3 256 (13.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 144 (7.62%) Windows Server
5 120 (6.35%) Ubuntu
6 112 (5.93%) CentOS
7 54 (2.86%) Solaris
8 50 (2.65%) Mac OS
8 50 (2.65%) Mac OS X
9 42 (2.22%) Android
10 32 (1.69%) Apple iOS
11 28 (1.48%) Debian
11 28 (1.48%) Windows Server 2008
12 25 (1.32%) Windows Server 2012
13 22 (1.16%) Embedded Linux
14 20 (1.06%) Windows 10
15 18 (0.95%) CoreOS
16 17 (0.90%) Oracle Linux
17 15 (0.79%) Windows Server 2003
18 13 (0.69%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 708 (37.46%) DevOps
2 595 (31.48%) Agile Software Development
3 261 (13.81%) Continuous Integration
4 233 (12.33%) Microservices
5 210 (11.11%) Configuration Management
6 171 (9.05%) Open Source
7 157 (8.31%) Test Automation
8 152 (8.04%) TDD
9 144 (7.62%) Infrastructure as Code
10 133 (7.04%) Migration
11 130 (6.88%) Software Engineering
12 129 (6.83%) Problem-Solving
13 128 (6.77%) Scrum
14 89 (4.71%) ITIL
15 83 (4.39%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 80 (4.23%) Computer Science
17 79 (4.18%) Continuous Deployment
18 78 (4.13%) Continuous Delivery
18 78 (4.13%) SDLC
19 75 (3.97%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 688 (36.40%) Python
2 540 (28.57%) Java
3 341 (18.04%) SQL
4 297 (15.71%) Bash Shell
5 214 (11.32%) JavaScript
6 188 (9.95%) Ruby
7 159 (8.41%) PowerShell
8 142 (7.51%) Shell Script
9 127 (6.72%) C++
10 115 (6.08%) Perl
11 109 (5.77%) Go
12 82 (4.34%) C#
13 79 (4.18%) Java 8
13 79 (4.18%) PL/SQL
14 69 (3.65%) Groovy
15 59 (3.12%) PHP
16 54 (2.86%) C
17 50 (2.65%) Scala
18 32 (1.69%) TypeScript
19 19 (1.01%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 316 (16.72%) Security Cleared
2 245 (12.96%) SC Cleared
3 103 (5.45%) Degree
4 55 (2.91%) DV Cleared
5 34 (1.80%) AWS Certification
5 34 (1.80%) Cisco Certification
6 33 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
7 27 (1.43%) CCNA
8 26 (1.38%) Microsoft Certification
9 16 (0.85%) CISSP
10 14 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
10 14 (0.74%) CCNP
10 14 (0.74%) MCSE
11 11 (0.58%) CREST Certified
12 9 (0.48%) CISM
12 9 (0.48%) ISEB
12 9 (0.48%) Network+ Certification
12 9 (0.48%) OSCP
13 8 (0.42%) RHCE
14 7 (0.37%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (4.13%) QA
2 26 (1.38%) PCI DSS
3 20 (1.06%) SLA
4 18 (0.95%) NIST
5 17 (0.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (0.53%) NCSC
7 9 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 8 (0.42%) Data Quality
9 7 (0.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 6 (0.32%) GDPR
10 6 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 5 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
12 4 (0.21%) HIPAA
13 3 (0.16%) COBIT
13 3 (0.16%) Government Security Classifications
13 3 (0.16%) PMO
14 2 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
15 1 (0.053%) DICOM
15 1 (0.053%) IEC 62304
15 1 (0.053%) PSD2
System Software
1 490 (25.93%) Docker
2 113 (5.98%) Active Directory
3 111 (5.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 41 (2.17%) Virtual Machines
5 40 (2.12%) Hyper-V
6 30 (1.59%) vSphere
7 22 (1.16%) HDFS
7 22 (1.16%) Oracle RAC
7 22 (1.16%) VMware ESXi
8 18 (0.95%) VMware NSX
9 15 (0.79%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 15 (0.79%) KVM
10 11 (0.58%) XenApp
11 9 (0.48%) Firmware
12 8 (0.42%) NFS
12 8 (0.42%) VirtualBox
13 7 (0.37%) iptables
13 7 (0.37%) Virtual Desktop
13 7 (0.37%) Virtual Servers
14 6 (0.32%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 389 (20.58%) Ansible
2 373 (19.74%) Terraform
3 352 (18.62%) Kubernetes
4 257 (13.60%) Puppet
5 135 (7.14%) Opscode Chef
6 70 (3.70%) Packer
7 45 (2.38%) Consul
8 40 (2.12%) Prometheus
9 38 (2.01%) logstash
10 30 (1.59%) Docker Swarm
10 30 (1.59%) Grafana
11 29 (1.53%) Kibana
12 26 (1.38%) Nagios
13 23 (1.22%) SCCM
14 19 (1.01%) Host Intrusion Detection System
14 19 (1.01%) Network Intrusion Detection System
15 17 (0.90%) Single Sign-On
16 16 (0.85%) Istio
16 16 (0.85%) Salt
17 15 (0.79%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 275 (14.55%) Oracle
2 235 (12.43%) Red Hat
3 207 (10.95%) Microsoft
4 172 (9.10%) VMware
5 116 (6.14%) Google
6 107 (5.66%) Splunk
7 80 (4.23%) Cisco
8 41 (2.17%) IBM
9 37 (1.96%) F5
9 37 (1.96%) HP
10 34 (1.80%) Atlassian
10 34 (1.80%) SAP
11 33 (1.75%) Dell
12 31 (1.64%) Citrix
13 30 (1.59%) Informatica
13 30 (1.59%) NetApp
14 27 (1.43%) New Relic
15 26 (1.38%) EMC
15 26 (1.38%) MuleSoft
16 22 (1.16%) TIBCO