Period
to 27 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 27 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
27 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 10 14
Rank change year-on-year +4 +4 0
Contract jobs citing Python 2,500 4,254 4,508
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 15.59% 12.08% 9.70%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.37% 25.72% 19.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,014 3,076 3,334
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £375 £413 £406
90th Percentile £750 £725 £713
England median daily rate £525 £536 £525
% change year-on-year -2.10% +2.14% +2.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 33 26
Median hourly rate £35.75 £47.83 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.26% +19.58% +42.86%
10th Percentile £30.25 £13.05 £20.24
90th Percentile £47.61 £55.40 £55.04
England median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -22.22% +5.88% +6.25%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 7,970 16,538 23,335
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 49.71% 46.97% 50.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,514 12,404 17,831
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £344 £363 £363
90th Percentile £725 £690 £675
England median daily rate £488 £488 £475
% change year-on-year - +2.63% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 86 120 111
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +25.00% +10.77%
10th Percentile £25.00 £18.63 £18.00
90th Percentile £59.38 £65.25 £58.75
Median hourly rate £37.00 £43.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year -14.94% +3.57% +5.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 27 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 321 £525 -4.55% 299
West London +4 50 £510 +2.00% 79
South London -2 39 £425 -21.55% 34
East London +4 22 £350 -39.13% 49
Python
England

For the 6 months to 27 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 999 (39.96%) AWS
2 882 (35.28%) Agile Software Development
3 881 (35.24%) Java
4 861 (34.44%) Finance
5 750 (30.00%) SQL
6 690 (27.60%) DevOps
7 652 (26.08%) Azure
8 588 (23.52%) JavaScript
9 576 (23.04%) Software Engineering
10 537 (21.48%) Kubernetes
11 508 (20.32%) Web Services
12 492 (19.68%) Linux
13 470 (18.80%) Docker
14 466 (18.64%) Front Office
15 465 (18.60%) Banking
16 454 (18.16%) Asset Management
17 444 (17.76%) Jenkins
18 427 (17.08%) GCP
19 396 (15.84%) Derivative
20 395 (15.80%) Fixed Income
21 369 (14.76%) React
22 362 (14.48%) Serverless
23 354 (14.16%) Terraform
24 344 (13.76%) Analytics
25 337 (13.48%) Equities
26 323 (12.92%) Git (software)
27 322 (12.88%) Investment Management
28 318 (12.72%) AngularJS
29 315 (12.60%) Hedge funds
30 307 (12.28%) Microservices

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 202 (8.08%) Apache Spark
2 178 (7.12%) Apache
3 83 (3.32%) Confluence
4 72 (2.88%) Elasticsearch
5 52 (2.08%) Cloud Foundry
6 42 (1.68%) Apache Airflow
7 38 (1.52%) Tomcat
8 26 (1.04%) nginx
9 25 (1.00%) SAS
10 24 (0.96%) Jupyter
11 20 (0.80%) SharePoint
12 16 (0.64%) CMS
13 13 (0.52%) Apache Pig
14 12 (0.48%) OpenStack
15 11 (0.44%) BizTalk Server
15 11 (0.44%) IIS
15 11 (0.44%) JBoss
16 6 (0.24%) Jetty
16 6 (0.24%) Tornado
17 5 (0.20%) Oracle Self-Service HR
Applications
1 66 (2.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (0.40%) Chatbot
5 7 (0.28%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
7 4 (0.16%) Maya
8 2 (0.080%) SPSS
9 1 (0.040%) Blender
9 1 (0.040%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.040%) Notepad++
9 1 (0.040%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 27 (1.08%) Markit EDM
2 26 (1.04%) Eagle PACE
3 13 (0.52%) SunGard Martini
4 5 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
4 5 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 4 (0.16%) ContrOCC
5 4 (0.16%) FINCAD Analytics
5 4 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 3 (0.12%) ION MarketView
6 3 (0.12%) Oracle 11i
6 3 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.080%) Aligne
7 2 (0.080%) Oracle Payables
7 2 (0.080%) Orchestrade
8 1 (0.040%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.040%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.040%) OpenText Process Suite
8 1 (0.040%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 999 (39.96%) AWS
2 652 (26.08%) Azure
3 427 (17.08%) GCP
4 362 (14.48%) Serverless
5 278 (11.12%) AWS Lambda
6 183 (7.32%) Amazon S3
7 166 (6.64%) Amazon EC2
8 143 (5.72%) Amazon ECS
9 105 (4.20%) AWS CloudFormation
10 93 (3.72%) GitHub
11 87 (3.48%) OpenShift
12 86 (3.44%) Power Platform
13 62 (2.48%) Apigee
14 53 (2.12%) PaaS
15 52 (2.08%) Amazon SQS
16 47 (1.88%) Cloud Computing
17 45 (1.80%) Azure Functions
18 44 (1.76%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 38 (1.52%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 34 (1.36%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 78 (3.12%) Firewall
2 59 (2.36%) DNS
3 50 (2.00%) HTTP
4 49 (1.96%) TCP/IP
5 34 (1.36%) DHCP
6 30 (1.20%) VPN
7 29 (1.16%) Network Security
8 28 (1.12%) SSL
9 25 (1.00%) BGP
10 17 (0.68%) MPLS
10 17 (0.68%) SSH
11 16 (0.64%) Kerberos
12 15 (0.60%) WAN
13 13 (0.52%) FTP
13 13 (0.52%) OSPF
13 13 (0.52%) Wireshark
14 11 (0.44%) LAN
14 11 (0.44%) SNMP
14 11 (0.44%) VLAN
15 10 (0.40%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 216 (8.64%) Big Data
2 192 (7.68%) PostgreSQL
3 185 (7.40%) SQL Server
4 169 (6.76%) MySQL
5 145 (5.80%) Amazon Redshift
6 142 (5.68%) Data Warehouse
7 137 (5.48%) Hadoop
8 127 (5.08%) NoSQL
9 123 (4.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 94 (3.76%) MongoDB
11 90 (3.60%) Amazon RDS
12 85 (3.40%) Tableau
13 84 (3.36%) Power BI
14 77 (3.08%) Apache Hive
15 73 (2.92%) Relational Database
16 66 (2.64%) Data Lake
17 53 (2.12%) Apache Ignite
18 52 (2.08%) BigQuery
19 43 (1.72%) Redis
20 41 (1.64%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 444 (17.76%) Jenkins
2 323 (12.92%) Git (software)
3 162 (6.48%) JIRA
4 150 (6.00%) GitLab
5 129 (5.16%) Artifactory
6 62 (2.48%) Maven
7 52 (2.08%) RStudio
8 49 (1.96%) TeamCity
9 41 (1.64%) Selenium
10 36 (1.44%) Cucumber
11 34 (1.36%) Bitbucket
11 34 (1.36%) CircleCI
12 31 (1.24%) Subversion
13 30 (1.20%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 29 (1.16%) Gradle
14 29 (1.16%) Sonatype Nexus
15 27 (1.08%) Vagrant
16 21 (0.84%) Cypress.io
17 16 (0.64%) Octopus Deploy
17 16 (0.64%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 861 (34.44%) Finance
2 466 (18.64%) Front Office
3 465 (18.60%) Banking
4 196 (7.84%) Investment Banking
5 81 (3.24%) Public Sector
6 69 (2.76%) Back Office
7 66 (2.64%) Marketing
8 34 (1.36%) Retail
9 31 (1.24%) Telecoms
10 26 (1.04%) Games
11 24 (0.96%) Financial Institution
12 22 (0.88%) French Language
13 21 (0.84%) Law
14 17 (0.68%) Electronics
14 17 (0.68%) Manufacturing
15 16 (0.64%) Advertising
15 16 (0.64%) Pharmaceutical
16 9 (0.36%) Publishing
16 9 (0.36%) Retail Banking
17 8 (0.32%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,026 (41.04%) Developer
2 464 (18.56%) Python Developer
3 290 (11.60%) Software Engineer
4 279 (11.16%) Python Engineer
5 250 (10.00%) DevOps Engineer
6 234 (9.36%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 225 (9.00%) AWS Engineer
7 225 (9.00%) Data Engineer
8 167 (6.68%) Analyst
9 142 (5.68%) AWS Developer
10 140 (5.60%) JavaScript Developer
11 129 (5.16%) Java Developer
12 115 (4.60%) Architect
13 102 (4.08%) Senior Developer
14 98 (3.92%) Python Software Engineer
15 97 (3.88%) Java Engineer
16 91 (3.64%) AWS DevOps
17 88 (3.52%) Full Stack Developer
18 84 (3.36%) React Developer
19 83 (3.32%) Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 508 (20.32%) Web Services
2 369 (14.76%) React
3 318 (12.72%) AngularJS
4 253 (10.12%) Node.js
5 167 (6.68%) .NET
6 163 (6.52%) Vue.js
7 148 (5.92%) REST
8 144 (5.76%) Kafka
9 131 (5.24%) HTML
10 114 (4.56%) gRPC
11 104 (4.16%) Django
12 102 (4.08%) CSS
13 100 (4.00%) Pandas
14 87 (3.48%) Spring
15 86 (3.44%) RESTful
16 77 (3.08%) Flask
16 77 (3.08%) PySpark
17 75 (3.00%) Swagger
18 71 (2.84%) OAuth
19 64 (2.56%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 396 (15.84%) Derivative
2 395 (15.80%) Fixed Income
3 337 (13.48%) Equities
4 315 (12.60%) Hedge funds
5 240 (9.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 165 (6.60%) Analytical Skills
7 128 (5.12%) Greenfield Project
8 85 (3.40%) User Experience
9 84 (3.36%) Algorithms
10 75 (3.00%) Cloud Native
11 74 (2.96%) Blog
12 60 (2.40%) Mobile App
13 57 (2.28%) Linux Command Line
14 49 (1.96%) Data Structures
15 47 (1.88%) Public Cloud
16 43 (1.72%) Credit Derivative
17 35 (1.40%) Self-Motivation
18 32 (1.28%) Management Information System
19 31 (1.24%) Reference Data
20 29 (1.16%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 492 (19.68%) Linux
2 141 (5.64%) Windows
3 114 (4.56%) Unix
4 61 (2.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 49 (1.96%) CentOS
6 40 (1.60%) Apple iOS
7 31 (1.24%) Android
8 25 (1.00%) Ubuntu
9 20 (0.80%) Debian
10 18 (0.72%) Windows Server
11 11 (0.44%) Mac OS X
12 7 (0.28%) Mac OS
13 6 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
13 6 (0.24%) Windows Server 2016
14 5 (0.20%) Solaris
14 5 (0.20%) Windows 10
15 4 (0.16%) CoreOS
15 4 (0.16%) Fedora
15 4 (0.16%) Windows Server 2019
16 3 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 882 (35.28%) Agile Software Development
2 690 (27.60%) DevOps
3 576 (23.04%) Software Engineering
4 454 (18.16%) Asset Management
5 344 (13.76%) Analytics
6 322 (12.88%) Investment Management
7 307 (12.28%) Microservices
8 279 (11.16%) Data Science
9 228 (9.12%) Machine Learning
10 225 (9.00%) Test Automation
11 199 (7.96%) Open Source
12 191 (7.64%) Scrum
13 162 (6.48%) Continuous Integration
14 151 (6.04%) TDD
15 147 (5.88%) Data Modelling
16 137 (5.48%) ETL
17 136 (5.44%) Visualisation
18 133 (5.32%) Business Intelligence
19 131 (5.24%) Problem-Solving
20 125 (5.00%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 881 (35.24%) Java
2 750 (30.00%) SQL
3 588 (23.52%) JavaScript
4 270 (10.80%) C++
5 229 (9.16%) R
6 212 (8.48%) Bash Shell
7 210 (8.40%) C#
8 176 (7.04%) Kotlin
9 158 (6.32%) Scala
10 142 (5.68%) Perl
11 127 (5.08%) Go
11 127 (5.08%) Ruby
12 120 (4.80%) TypeScript
13 109 (4.36%) PowerShell
14 98 (3.92%) Shell Script
15 79 (3.16%) C
16 66 (2.64%) VBA
17 45 (1.80%) Groovy
18 44 (1.76%) PL/SQL
19 40 (1.60%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 220 (8.80%) Security Cleared
2 183 (7.32%) SC Cleared
3 153 (6.12%) Degree
4 43 (1.72%) Computer Science Degree
5 39 (1.56%) AWS Certification
6 34 (1.36%) DV Cleared
7 31 (1.24%) Numerate Degree
7 31 (1.24%) PhD
8 20 (0.80%) Sun Certification
9 18 (0.72%) Master's Degree
10 16 (0.64%) Cisco Certification
11 13 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
12 11 (0.44%) CCIE
13 8 (0.32%) CCNP
13 8 (0.32%) TOGAF Certification
14 7 (0.28%) CompTIA Security+
14 7 (0.28%) DBS Check
14 7 (0.28%) GCFA
15 6 (0.24%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 5 (0.20%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 94 (3.76%) QA
2 27 (1.08%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.36%) PCI DSS
4 8 (0.32%) GDPR
5 7 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 17025
6 6 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.20%) PSD2
7 5 (0.20%) SLA
8 3 (0.12%) NIST
9 2 (0.080%) Cyber Essentials
9 2 (0.080%) HIPAA
9 2 (0.080%) ISO 20022
9 2 (0.080%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.080%) SEPA
10 1 (0.040%) CDISC
10 1 (0.040%) JTAG
10 1 (0.040%) MiFID
10 1 (0.040%) PMO
10 1 (0.040%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.040%) TARGET2
System Software
1 470 (18.80%) Docker
2 34 (1.36%) Active Directory
3 32 (1.28%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (0.72%) HDFS
5 17 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (0.40%) vSphere
7 9 (0.36%) VMware NSX
8 8 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 6 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
9 6 (0.24%) Varnish
10 5 (0.20%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 5 (0.20%) NFS
11 4 (0.16%) Ceph
11 4 (0.16%) Gluster
11 4 (0.16%) oVirt
11 4 (0.16%) vCloud
11 4 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.12%) GridGain
12 3 (0.12%) KVM
13 2 (0.080%) zsh
Systems Management
1 537 (21.48%) Kubernetes
2 354 (14.16%) Terraform
3 285 (11.40%) Ansible
4 129 (5.16%) Puppet
5 96 (3.84%) Opscode Chef
6 64 (2.56%) Prometheus
7 41 (1.64%) Kibana
7 41 (1.64%) Salt
8 40 (1.60%) Grafana
9 30 (1.20%) Packer
10 24 (0.96%) Consul
10 24 (0.96%) logstash
11 23 (0.92%) Nagios
12 14 (0.56%) Rundeck
13 12 (0.48%) ITRS Geneos
14 10 (0.40%) Argo
14 10 (0.40%) BladeLogic
14 10 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
15 9 (0.36%) Netcool
15 9 (0.36%) Rancher
Vendors
1 248 (9.92%) Google
2 173 (6.92%) Oracle
3 130 (5.20%) Microsoft
4 122 (4.88%) Splunk
5 81 (3.24%) Bloomberg
6 80 (3.20%) Databricks
7 64 (2.56%) Red Hat
8 61 (2.44%) MuleSoft
9 49 (1.96%) AppDynamics
10 48 (1.92%) VMware
11 39 (1.56%) Atlassian
12 37 (1.48%) Cloudera
13 33 (1.32%) Cisco
14 30 (1.20%) Reuters
14 30 (1.20%) SAP
15 27 (1.08%) FactSet
16 26 (1.04%) Hortonworks
17 22 (0.88%) F5
17 22 (0.88%) SaltStack
18 17 (0.68%) Sybase