Period
to 16 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 16 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
16 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 11 13 15
Rank change year-on-year +2 +2 +17
Contract jobs citing Python 4,537 4,345 3,292
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 11.32% 9.69% 8.31%
As % of the Programming Languages category 23.86% 19.92% 17.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,217 3,173 2,448
London median daily rate £550 £550 £514
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.06% +2.75%
10th Percentile £413 £406 £363
90th Percentile £725 £688 £675
England median daily rate £538 £525 £499
% change year-on-year +2.38% +5.32% +4.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 39 43 38
London median hourly rate £44.57 £45.00 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.97% +2.86% -8.53%
10th Percentile £20.98 £17.43 £27.18
90th Percentile £54.30 £74.50 £47.83
England median hourly rate £45.00 £41.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year +8.43% +1.22% +7.89%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 19,016 21,811 18,542
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.45% 48.65% 46.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,355 16,603 13,779
London median daily rate £525 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.56% +8.33%
10th Percentile £363 £358 £325
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
England median daily rate £480 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 123 201 139
London median hourly rate £36.67 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.72% +3.66% +37.49%
10th Percentile £20.00 £17.75 £17.70
90th Percentile £57.62 £65.00 £54.38
England median hourly rate £43.00 £41.41 £41.25
% change year-on-year +3.84% +0.39% +7.14%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 16 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 16 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 16 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +4 933 £550 - 223
West London +16 178 £475 +2.70% 93
East London +2 163 £525 -4.55% 41
South London +13 104 £531 +6.25% 15
North London -20 1 £550 +22.22% 4
Python
England

For the 6 months to 16 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,676 (36.94%) Amazon AWS
2 1,619 (35.68%) Agile Software Development
3 1,551 (34.19%) Java
4 1,418 (31.25%) DevOps
5 1,319 (29.07%) SQL
6 1,130 (24.91%) Finance
7 1,121 (24.71%) Linux
8 1,027 (22.64%) Docker
9 826 (18.21%) Jenkins
10 825 (18.18%) Kubernetes
11 767 (16.91%) Microsoft Azure
12 753 (16.60%) Ansible
13 749 (16.51%) Big Data
14 741 (16.33%) Data Science
15 706 (15.56%) JavaScript
16 680 (14.99%) Git (software)
17 654 (14.41%) Terraform
18 647 (14.26%) Apache Spark
19 609 (13.42%) Analytics
20 607 (13.38%) Bash Shell
21 606 (13.36%) Google Cloud Platform
22 603 (13.29%) Machine Learning
23 555 (12.23%) Hadoop
24 511 (11.26%) Google
25 510 (11.24%) TDD
26 496 (10.93%) Ruby
27 488 (10.76%) Test Automation
28 483 (10.65%) Banking
29 470 (10.36%) Kafka
30 468 (10.32%) NoSQL

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 647 (14.26%) Apache Spark
2 261 (5.75%) Apache
3 202 (4.45%) Elasticsearch
4 149 (3.28%) nginx
5 145 (3.20%) Confluence
6 128 (2.82%) Apache Airflow
7 91 (2.01%) Tomcat
8 80 (1.76%) Cloud Foundry
9 66 (1.45%) SAS
10 54 (1.19%) OpenStack
11 38 (0.84%) IIS
12 32 (0.71%) WebSphere
13 27 (0.60%) Jupyter
14 22 (0.48%) SharePoint
15 21 (0.46%) JBoss
16 19 (0.42%) Apache Pig
16 19 (0.42%) Luigi
17 18 (0.40%) ArcGIS
18 17 (0.37%) WebLogic
19 16 (0.35%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 119 (2.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (0.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 16 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
4 14 (0.31%) SPSS
5 13 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
6 11 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
7 6 (0.13%) MS Visio
7 6 (0.13%) Stata
8 4 (0.088%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.044%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.044%) Autodesk Inventor
9 2 (0.044%) CATIA
9 2 (0.044%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.044%) PTC Creo
9 2 (0.044%) Siemens NX
9 2 (0.044%) SOLIDWORKS
9 2 (0.044%) Weka
10 1 (0.022%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.022%) GIMP
10 1 (0.022%) LaTeX
Business Applications
1 24 (0.53%) Distributed Ledger
2 14 (0.31%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 13 (0.29%) R3 Corda
4 12 (0.26%) Actimize
5 7 (0.15%) Endur
6 5 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
7 4 (0.088%) Magento
7 4 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
7 4 (0.088%) SAP ERP
7 4 (0.088%) SAP Hybris
7 4 (0.088%) SAP S/4HANA
8 3 (0.066%) Eloqua
9 2 (0.044%) FastStats
9 2 (0.044%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.044%) Oracle Retail
9 2 (0.044%) WebTrends
10 1 (0.022%) AquaLogic BPM
10 1 (0.022%) Dynamics CRM
10 1 (0.022%) Dynamics NAV
10 1 (0.022%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,676 (36.94%) Amazon AWS
2 767 (16.91%) Microsoft Azure
3 606 (13.36%) Google Cloud Platform
4 337 (7.43%) Amazon S3
5 325 (7.16%) Serverless
6 268 (5.91%) AWS Lambda
7 244 (5.38%) GitHub
8 243 (5.36%) Amazon EC2
9 241 (5.31%) AWS CloudFormation
10 153 (3.37%) Amazon ECS
11 135 (2.98%) Power Platform
12 133 (2.93%) Amazon SQS
13 123 (2.71%) PaaS
14 117 (2.58%) OpenShift
15 115 (2.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 102 (2.25%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 95 (2.09%) Amazon EMR
18 93 (2.05%) Amazon Kinesis
19 86 (1.90%) IaaS
20 77 (1.70%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 132 (2.91%) Firewall
2 92 (2.03%) DNS
3 73 (1.61%) HTTP
4 69 (1.52%) TCP/IP
5 55 (1.21%) Internet
6 54 (1.19%) BGP
7 53 (1.17%) WAN
8 46 (1.01%) VPN
9 44 (0.97%) DHCP
10 43 (0.95%) SSL
11 40 (0.88%) OSPF
12 30 (0.66%) LAN
13 27 (0.60%) MPLS
14 26 (0.57%) Kerberos
15 24 (0.53%) Multicast
16 21 (0.46%) Network Security
17 20 (0.44%) Cisco Nexus
18 19 (0.42%) Wireless
19 18 (0.40%) Cisco ASA
20 16 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 749 (16.51%) Big Data
2 555 (12.23%) Hadoop
3 468 (10.32%) NoSQL
4 398 (8.77%) PostgreSQL
5 303 (6.68%) MongoDB
6 266 (5.86%) Data Warehouse
7 261 (5.75%) MySQL
8 244 (5.38%) Apache Hive
9 238 (5.25%) SQL Server
10 222 (4.89%) Relational Database
11 198 (4.36%) Apache Cassandra
12 190 (4.19%) Amazon RDS
13 163 (3.59%) Amazon Redshift
14 151 (3.33%) Data Lake
15 132 (2.91%) Power BI
16 94 (2.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 94 (2.07%) HBase
17 85 (1.87%) Redis
18 80 (1.76%) BigQuery
19 72 (1.59%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 826 (18.21%) Jenkins
2 680 (14.99%) Git (software)
3 334 (7.36%) JIRA
4 153 (3.37%) Maven
5 133 (2.93%) Selenium
6 128 (2.82%) Artifactory
7 120 (2.64%) Bitbucket
8 112 (2.47%) GitLab
9 99 (2.18%) TeamCity
10 95 (2.09%) Sonatype Nexus
11 84 (1.85%) gulp
12 83 (1.83%) Cucumber
13 81 (1.79%) RStudio
14 73 (1.61%) Gradle
15 61 (1.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 59 (1.30%) CircleCI
17 56 (1.23%) Visual Studio Team System
18 50 (1.10%) Subversion
19 44 (0.97%) JUnit
20 40 (0.88%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,130 (24.91%) Finance
2 483 (10.65%) Banking
3 288 (6.35%) Front Office
4 149 (3.28%) Investment Banking
5 136 (3.00%) Retail
6 111 (2.45%) Marketing
7 80 (1.76%) Games
8 74 (1.63%) Financial Institution
9 46 (1.01%) Advertising
10 41 (0.90%) Legal
11 40 (0.88%) Publishing
12 31 (0.68%) Telecoms
13 30 (0.66%) Retail Banking
14 21 (0.46%) Manufacturing
15 20 (0.44%) Law
16 17 (0.37%) Electronics
17 10 (0.22%) Automotive
17 10 (0.22%) German Language
18 8 (0.18%) Back Office
18 8 (0.18%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,541 (33.97%) Developer
2 823 (18.14%) Python Developer
3 702 (15.47%) DevOps Engineer
4 598 (13.18%) Data Engineer
5 450 (9.92%) Python Engineer
6 338 (7.45%) AWS Engineer
7 308 (6.79%) Data Scientist
8 241 (5.31%) Architect
9 214 (4.72%) Java Developer
10 211 (4.65%) Analyst
11 210 (4.63%) AWS DevOps
12 197 (4.34%) Cloud Engineer
13 185 (4.08%) Big Data Engineer
14 177 (3.90%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 177 (3.90%) Senior Developer
15 160 (3.53%) AWS Developer
16 119 (2.62%) Software Engineer
17 107 (2.36%) Senior DevOps
18 101 (2.23%) Consultant
19 92 (2.03%) Senior Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 470 (10.36%) Kafka
2 413 (9.10%) Web Services
3 357 (7.87%) Node.js
4 295 (6.50%) REST
5 279 (6.15%) Django
6 262 (5.77%) RESTful
7 249 (5.49%) HTML
8 243 (5.36%) React
9 218 (4.80%) Pandas
10 208 (4.58%) Flask
11 194 (4.28%) JSON
12 192 (4.23%) PySpark
13 190 (4.19%) AngularJS
14 188 (4.14%) CSS
15 182 (4.01%) .NET
16 152 (3.35%) NumPy
17 148 (3.26%) Elastic Stack
18 132 (2.91%) Natural Language Processing
19 120 (2.64%) Spring
20 109 (2.40%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 313 (6.90%) Analytical Skills
2 261 (5.75%) Algorithms
3 226 (4.98%) Greenfield Project
4 143 (3.15%) Data Structures
5 140 (3.09%) Hedge funds
6 138 (3.04%) Fixed Income
7 113 (2.49%) User Experience
8 106 (2.34%) Public Cloud
9 102 (2.25%) Linux Command Line
10 100 (2.20%) Self-Motivation
11 93 (2.05%) Derivative
12 73 (1.61%) Mobile App
13 71 (1.56%) Data Centre
14 70 (1.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 63 (1.39%) Enterprise Software
16 56 (1.23%) PKI
17 53 (1.17%) Cloud Native
17 53 (1.17%) Data Protection Act
18 38 (0.84%) Equities
19 31 (0.68%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 1,121 (24.71%) Linux
2 379 (8.35%) Unix
3 316 (6.96%) Windows
4 150 (3.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 79 (1.74%) CentOS
6 60 (1.32%) Android
7 55 (1.21%) Apple iOS
8 50 (1.10%) Ubuntu
9 45 (0.99%) Windows Server
10 31 (0.68%) Solaris
11 25 (0.55%) Mac OS
12 20 (0.44%) CoreOS
13 18 (0.40%) Mac OS X
14 15 (0.33%) Debian
15 14 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
16 12 (0.26%) Fedora
17 9 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
18 8 (0.18%) VMS
18 8 (0.18%) Windows 7
19 6 (0.13%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,619 (35.68%) Agile Software Development
2 1,418 (31.25%) DevOps
3 741 (16.33%) Data Science
4 609 (13.42%) Analytics
5 603 (13.29%) Machine Learning
6 510 (11.24%) TDD
7 488 (10.76%) Test Automation
8 454 (10.01%) Continuous Integration
9 450 (9.92%) Microservices
10 434 (9.57%) Open Source
11 420 (9.26%) Software Engineering
12 388 (8.55%) Scrum
13 351 (7.74%) ETL
14 333 (7.34%) Configuration Management
15 306 (6.74%) Problem-Solving
16 282 (6.22%) Data Modelling
17 281 (6.19%) Computer Science
17 281 (6.19%) Visualisation
18 267 (5.88%) Artificial Intelligence
19 265 (5.84%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 1,551 (34.19%) Java
2 1,319 (29.07%) SQL
3 706 (15.56%) JavaScript
4 607 (13.38%) Bash Shell
5 496 (10.93%) Ruby
6 450 (9.92%) Scala
7 392 (8.64%) C++
8 382 (8.42%) R
9 342 (7.54%) Go
10 337 (7.43%) Perl
11 318 (7.01%) C#
12 265 (5.84%) PowerShell
13 229 (5.05%) Shell Script
14 159 (3.50%) Groovy
15 134 (2.95%) PHP
16 99 (2.18%) C
17 87 (1.92%) Java 8
18 82 (1.81%) MATLAB
19 76 (1.68%) VBA
20 51 (1.12%) ES6
Qualifications
1 326 (7.19%) Degree
2 243 (5.36%) Security Cleared
3 184 (4.06%) SC Cleared
4 153 (3.37%) PhD
5 100 (2.20%) Computer Science Degree
6 98 (2.16%) AWS Certification
7 72 (1.59%) Master's Degree
8 43 (0.95%) Cisco Certification
9 30 (0.66%) DV Cleared
10 28 (0.62%) CISSP
11 23 (0.51%) CTC Cleared
11 23 (0.51%) RHCE
12 19 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
12 19 (0.42%) CCNP
13 18 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
14 17 (0.37%) CCIE
15 15 (0.33%) CISM
16 11 (0.24%) CISA
17 9 (0.20%) CCNA
18 8 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 140 (3.09%) QA
2 95 (2.09%) Data Quality
3 26 (0.57%) GDPR
4 12 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 10 (0.22%) MiFID
6 8 (0.18%) COBIT
7 7 (0.15%) SLA
8 6 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
8 6 (0.13%) NIST
9 4 (0.088%) PSD2
10 3 (0.066%) Actionable Recommendations
10 3 (0.066%) PCI DSS
11 2 (0.044%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 2 (0.044%) PMO
12 1 (0.022%) CRD IV
12 1 (0.022%) HIPAA
12 1 (0.022%) JTAG
12 1 (0.022%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 1 (0.022%) WAI
System Software
1 1,027 (22.64%) Docker
2 70 (1.54%) Virtual Machines
3 64 (1.41%) Apache Flume
4 59 (1.30%) VMware Infrastructure
5 57 (1.26%) HDFS
6 56 (1.23%) Active Directory
7 18 (0.40%) etcd
7 18 (0.40%) Oracle RAC
7 18 (0.40%) VMware ESXi
8 14 (0.31%) Ceph
8 14 (0.31%) flannel
8 14 (0.31%) SkyDNS
9 13 (0.29%) Hyper-V
10 12 (0.26%) Squid
11 11 (0.24%) GlusterFS
12 10 (0.22%) KVM
13 9 (0.20%) Firmware
13 9 (0.20%) Samba
13 9 (0.20%) Xen
14 7 (0.15%) Snort
Systems Management
1 825 (18.18%) Kubernetes
2 753 (16.60%) Ansible
3 654 (14.41%) Terraform
4 429 (9.46%) Puppet
5 309 (6.81%) Opscode Chef
6 82 (1.81%) Prometheus
7 80 (1.76%) Kibana
8 70 (1.54%) Grafana
9 56 (1.23%) logstash
10 54 (1.19%) Hadoop YARN
11 48 (1.06%) Nagios
12 44 (0.97%) Packer
13 43 (0.95%) ZABBIX
14 40 (0.88%) Consul
15 38 (0.84%) Graphite
16 37 (0.82%) HAProxy
16 37 (0.82%) Mesos
17 28 (0.62%) Sysdig
18 26 (0.57%) Salt
19 23 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 511 (11.26%) Google
2 287 (6.33%) Oracle
3 222 (4.89%) Microsoft
4 204 (4.50%) Splunk
5 186 (4.10%) Red Hat
6 169 (3.72%) Tableau
7 106 (2.34%) Cloudera
8 95 (2.09%) Atlassian
9 84 (1.85%) VMware
10 66 (1.45%) Databricks
11 64 (1.41%) Cisco
11 64 (1.41%) Talend
12 63 (1.39%) Informatica
12 63 (1.39%) SAP
13 58 (1.28%) Hortonworks
14 53 (1.17%) New Relic
15 49 (1.08%) IBM
16 46 (1.01%) ServiceNow
17 44 (0.97%) SaltStack
18 40 (0.88%) CheckPoint