Period
to 17 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 14 26
Rank change year-on-year 0 +12 +17
Contract jobs citing Python 4,510 4,026 2,899
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 9.77% 8.95% 6.47%
As % of the Programming Languages category 19.43% 18.55% 14.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,275 3,050 2,148
London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +3.63%
10th Percentile £413 £388 £363
90th Percentile £700 £675 £638
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 32 18
London median hourly rate £45.00 £29.50 £27.34
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +52.54% +7.90% -18.99%
10th Percentile £19.35 £26.08 £14.15
90th Percentile £72.41 £47.80 £52.95
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.50 £39.25
% change year-on-year +4.94% +3.18% -0.63%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 23,214 21,698 19,928
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 50.26% 48.24% 44.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,624 16,317 14,973
London median daily rate £525 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £363 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £663 £630
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 132 141 112
London median hourly rate £39.00 £35.00 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.43% +7.69% +34.13%
10th Percentile £18.06 £17.75 £14.18
90th Percentile £71.20 £52.00 £67.25
England median hourly rate £42.27 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.66% +6.67% +2.74%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +3 928 £550 - 396
South London +26 181 £525 -4.55% 31
West London -10 139 £490 -2.00% 195
East London +1 111 £550 +10.00% 78
North London 0 5 £550 +46.67% 14
Python
England

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,489 (33.02%) DevOps
2 1,464 (32.46%) Agile Software Development
3 1,451 (32.17%) Amazon AWS
4 1,346 (29.84%) Linux
5 1,345 (29.82%) Java
6 1,148 (25.45%) SQL
7 1,133 (25.12%) Finance
8 1,088 (24.12%) Docker
9 1,016 (22.53%) Jenkins
10 993 (22.02%) Ansible
11 805 (17.85%) Git (software)
12 727 (16.12%) Terraform
13 726 (16.10%) Bash Shell
14 668 (14.81%) Kubernetes
15 667 (14.79%) JavaScript
16 656 (14.55%) Continuous Integration
17 645 (14.30%) Puppet
18 628 (13.92%) Unix
19 608 (13.48%) Big Data
20 603 (13.37%) Banking
21 572 (12.68%) Hadoop
22 571 (12.66%) Opscode Chef
23 570 (12.64%) Ruby
24 533 (11.82%) TDD
25 524 (11.62%) Analytics
26 523 (11.60%) Test Automation
27 509 (11.29%) C++
28 507 (11.24%) Data Science
29 485 (10.75%) Apache Spark
30 454 (10.07%) Perl

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 485 (10.75%) Apache Spark
2 319 (7.07%) Elasticsearch
3 241 (5.34%) Apache
4 139 (3.08%) Confluence
5 130 (2.88%) nginx
6 109 (2.42%) Tomcat
7 94 (2.08%) Cloud Foundry
8 69 (1.53%) IIS
9 63 (1.40%) Apache Solr
10 62 (1.37%) SAS
11 55 (1.22%) Apache Airflow
12 48 (1.06%) CMS
13 42 (0.93%) OpenStack
13 42 (0.93%) WebSphere
14 38 (0.84%) Apache Pig
14 38 (0.84%) Gunicorn
15 29 (0.64%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 26 (0.58%) Jupyter
17 17 (0.38%) Jetty
18 16 (0.35%) JBoss
Applications
1 153 (3.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 48 (1.06%) MS Visio
3 31 (0.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 29 (0.64%) Microsoft Project
5 11 (0.24%) Chatbot
6 9 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
7 7 (0.16%) HipChat
7 7 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.13%) SPSS
9 2 (0.044%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.044%) GNU Octave
9 2 (0.044%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.022%) InVision
10 1 (0.022%) Stata
Business Applications
1 15 (0.33%) ION MarketView
2 12 (0.27%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 8 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
4 5 (0.11%) Markit EDM
5 4 (0.089%) Distributed Ledger
5 4 (0.089%) HFM
5 4 (0.089%) Unica
6 3 (0.067%) Sentinel
7 2 (0.044%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
7 2 (0.044%) Global One
7 2 (0.044%) LatentZero
7 2 (0.044%) Magento
7 2 (0.044%) Odoo
7 2 (0.044%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.044%) PolarLake
7 2 (0.044%) ReMetrica
7 2 (0.044%) thinkFolio
8 1 (0.022%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.022%) Documaker
8 1 (0.022%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,451 (32.17%) Amazon AWS
2 423 (9.38%) Microsoft Azure
3 322 (7.14%) Google Cloud Platform
4 288 (6.39%) Serverless
5 283 (6.27%) Amazon S3
6 261 (5.79%) Amazon EC2
7 257 (5.70%) GitHub
8 247 (5.48%) AWS Lambda
9 220 (4.88%) AWS CloudFormation
10 145 (3.22%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 132 (2.93%) PaaS
12 95 (2.11%) IaaS
13 92 (2.04%) Cloud Computing
14 85 (1.88%) OpenShift
15 75 (1.66%) Amazon EMR
16 69 (1.53%) SaaS
17 67 (1.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 67 (1.49%) npm
18 51 (1.13%) Amazon ELB
18 51 (1.13%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 160 (3.55%) Firewall
2 113 (2.51%) DNS
3 110 (2.44%) SSL
4 86 (1.91%) HTTP
5 79 (1.75%) TCP/IP
6 61 (1.35%) Internet
7 36 (0.80%) DHCP
8 34 (0.75%) VPN
9 29 (0.64%) BGP
9 29 (0.64%) Multicast
10 28 (0.62%) MPLS
10 28 (0.62%) Network Security
11 27 (0.60%) Kerberos
12 25 (0.55%) LAN
13 23 (0.51%) BIG-IP
13 23 (0.51%) WAN
14 22 (0.49%) Wireless
15 19 (0.42%) Intranet
16 18 (0.40%) OSPF
16 18 (0.40%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 608 (13.48%) Big Data
2 572 (12.68%) Hadoop
3 376 (8.34%) PostgreSQL
4 352 (7.80%) NoSQL
5 320 (7.10%) Relational Database
6 307 (6.81%) MySQL
7 298 (6.61%) MongoDB
8 286 (6.34%) SQL Server
9 251 (5.57%) Apache Hive
10 153 (3.39%) Apache Cassandra
11 147 (3.26%) HBase
12 134 (2.97%) Data Warehouse
13 131 (2.90%) Amazon Redshift
14 121 (2.68%) RDBMS
15 118 (2.62%) Power BI
16 109 (2.42%) Amazon RDS
17 107 (2.37%) Impala
18 91 (2.02%) Data Lake
19 89 (1.97%) Redis
20 84 (1.86%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 1,016 (22.53%) Jenkins
2 805 (17.85%) Git (software)
3 321 (7.12%) JIRA
4 225 (4.99%) Maven
5 196 (4.35%) Selenium
6 165 (3.66%) TeamCity
7 120 (2.66%) Sonatype Nexus
8 115 (2.55%) Subversion
9 112 (2.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 109 (2.42%) Artifactory
11 106 (2.35%) Cucumber
12 98 (2.17%) Bitbucket
13 93 (2.06%) Gradle
14 83 (1.84%) Vagrant
15 79 (1.75%) GitLab
16 78 (1.73%) Gatling
16 78 (1.73%) Visual Studio Team System
17 69 (1.53%) Travis CI
18 60 (1.33%) Visual Studio
19 53 (1.18%) Ant
General
1 1,133 (25.12%) Finance
2 603 (13.37%) Banking
3 321 (7.12%) Front Office
4 194 (4.30%) Retail
5 138 (3.06%) Investment Banking
6 110 (2.44%) Marketing
7 74 (1.64%) Telecoms
8 58 (1.29%) Financial Institution
9 52 (1.15%) Advertising
10 44 (0.98%) Games
11 42 (0.93%) Publishing
12 28 (0.62%) Legal
13 22 (0.49%) Back Office
14 16 (0.35%) Retail Banking
15 15 (0.33%) Law
16 14 (0.31%) Manufacturing
17 10 (0.22%) Electronics
17 10 (0.22%) Prime Brokerage
18 6 (0.13%) French Language
19 5 (0.11%) Russian Language
Job Titles
1 1,612 (35.74%) Developer
2 912 (20.22%) DevOps Engineer
3 814 (18.05%) Python Developer
4 396 (8.78%) AWS Engineer
5 335 (7.43%) Data Engineer
5 335 (7.43%) Python Engineer
6 300 (6.65%) AWS DevOps
7 270 (5.99%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 206 (4.57%) Senior Developer
9 204 (4.52%) Data Scientist
10 181 (4.01%) Analyst
11 175 (3.88%) Software Engineer
12 161 (3.57%) C++ Developer
13 158 (3.50%) Java Developer
14 156 (3.46%) Architect
15 149 (3.30%) Cloud Engineer
16 122 (2.71%) Big Data Engineer
17 119 (2.64%) Senior DevOps
18 116 (2.57%) Senior DevOps Engineer
19 113 (2.51%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 398 (8.82%) Node.js
2 363 (8.05%) Web Services
3 339 (7.52%) Kafka
4 338 (7.49%) Django
5 296 (6.56%) React
6 288 (6.39%) HTML
7 268 (5.94%) REST
8 237 (5.25%) CSS
9 227 (5.03%) AngularJS
10 178 (3.95%) NumPy
11 170 (3.77%) Pandas
12 157 (3.48%) Flask
13 155 (3.44%) Elastic Stack
14 145 (3.22%) RESTful
15 144 (3.19%) .NET
16 123 (2.73%) XML
17 97 (2.15%) JSON
18 93 (2.06%) PySpark
19 91 (2.02%) HTML5
19 91 (2.02%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 329 (7.29%) Analytical Skills
2 286 (6.34%) Computer Science
3 283 (6.27%) Algorithms
4 239 (5.30%) Greenfield Project
5 190 (4.21%) Derivative
6 178 (3.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 159 (3.53%) Fixed Income
8 144 (3.19%) Linux Command Line
9 124 (2.75%) Fintech
10 111 (2.46%) Data Structures
11 103 (2.28%) Data Centre
12 102 (2.26%) Mobile App
13 91 (2.02%) User Experience
14 78 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
15 74 (1.64%) Public Cloud
16 68 (1.51%) Hedge funds
17 65 (1.44%) Equities
18 63 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
19 57 (1.26%) Equity Derivative
20 53 (1.18%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 1,346 (29.84%) Linux
2 628 (13.92%) Unix
3 442 (9.80%) Windows
4 174 (3.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 126 (2.79%) Ubuntu
6 120 (2.66%) CentOS
7 87 (1.93%) Android
8 73 (1.62%) Apple iOS
9 43 (0.95%) Windows Server
10 41 (0.91%) Solaris
11 26 (0.58%) Debian
12 17 (0.38%) DC/OS
13 16 (0.35%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 14 (0.31%) Fedora
14 14 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
15 12 (0.27%) Mac OS X
16 11 (0.24%) AIX
17 10 (0.22%) CoreOS
17 10 (0.22%) SUSE
18 9 (0.20%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,489 (33.02%) DevOps
2 1,464 (32.46%) Agile Software Development
3 656 (14.55%) Continuous Integration
4 533 (11.82%) TDD
5 524 (11.62%) Analytics
6 523 (11.60%) Test Automation
7 507 (11.24%) Data Science
8 447 (9.91%) Configuration Management
9 435 (9.65%) Microservices
10 411 (9.11%) Scrum
11 405 (8.98%) Software Engineering
12 403 (8.94%) Open Source
13 391 (8.67%) Machine Learning
14 326 (7.23%) Problem-Solving
15 317 (7.03%) ETL
16 294 (6.52%) OO
17 255 (5.65%) Migration
18 237 (5.25%) BDD
18 237 (5.25%) Continuous Delivery
19 233 (5.17%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,345 (29.82%) Java
2 1,148 (25.45%) SQL
3 726 (16.10%) Bash Shell
4 667 (14.79%) JavaScript
5 570 (12.64%) Ruby
6 509 (11.29%) C++
7 454 (10.07%) Perl
8 422 (9.36%) Scala
9 420 (9.31%) C#
10 364 (8.07%) Go
11 312 (6.92%) R
12 249 (5.52%) Shell Script
13 233 (5.17%) PowerShell
14 187 (4.15%) C
15 145 (3.22%) Groovy
16 114 (2.53%) PHP
17 98 (2.17%) ES6
18 84 (1.86%) Korn
19 78 (1.73%) VBA
20 70 (1.55%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 316 (7.01%) Degree
2 183 (4.06%) Security Cleared
3 155 (3.44%) SC Cleared
4 120 (2.66%) Computer Science Degree
5 99 (2.20%) PhD
6 90 (2.00%) AWS Certification
7 57 (1.26%) Master's Degree
8 33 (0.73%) Cisco Certification
9 30 (0.67%) Numerate Degree
10 21 (0.47%) CISSP
11 17 (0.38%) CCNP
12 15 (0.33%) DV Cleared
13 12 (0.27%) RHCE
14 11 (0.24%) CCNA
15 10 (0.22%) CCIE
16 9 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
16 9 (0.20%) CEH
17 8 (0.18%) CISM
17 8 (0.18%) JNCIP
17 8 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 153 (3.39%) QA
2 42 (0.93%) Data Quality
3 26 (0.58%) GDPR
4 15 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 13 (0.29%) SLA
6 12 (0.27%) MiFID
7 11 (0.24%) EMIR
8 8 (0.18%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.067%) Cyber Essentials
9 3 (0.067%) IFRS
10 2 (0.044%) Dodd-Frank
10 2 (0.044%) HL7
10 2 (0.044%) IFRS 9
10 2 (0.044%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.044%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 2 (0.044%) NIST 800
10 2 (0.044%) PMO
10 2 (0.044%) Solvency II
11 1 (0.022%) Actionable Recommendations
11 1 (0.022%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,088 (24.12%) Docker
2 113 (2.51%) HDFS
3 86 (1.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 52 (1.15%) Virtual Machines
5 51 (1.13%) Active Directory
6 38 (0.84%) Apache Flume
7 33 (0.73%) VirtualBox
8 30 (0.67%) NFS
9 25 (0.55%) Hyper-V
10 21 (0.47%) etcd
11 20 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 20 (0.44%) flannel
12 15 (0.33%) vSphere
13 14 (0.31%) Firmware
14 13 (0.29%) Xen
15 10 (0.22%) KVM
16 9 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
17 8 (0.18%) LXC
18 7 (0.16%) GPFS
18 7 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 993 (22.02%) Ansible
2 727 (16.12%) Terraform
3 668 (14.81%) Kubernetes
4 645 (14.30%) Puppet
5 571 (12.66%) Opscode Chef
6 137 (3.04%) Packer
7 120 (2.66%) Nagios
8 112 (2.48%) Prometheus
8 112 (2.48%) Salt
9 109 (2.42%) Hadoop YARN
10 92 (2.04%) Mesos
11 82 (1.82%) Kibana
12 79 (1.75%) ZABBIX
13 78 (1.73%) logstash
14 75 (1.66%) Grafana
15 53 (1.18%) Consul
16 49 (1.09%) Docker Swarm
17 43 (0.95%) Rancher
18 42 (0.93%) Single Sign-On
19 38 (0.84%) Icinga
Vendors
1 347 (7.69%) Oracle
2 338 (7.49%) Google
3 275 (6.10%) Splunk
4 220 (4.88%) Microsoft
5 202 (4.48%) Red Hat
6 164 (3.64%) Tableau
7 118 (2.62%) Cloudera
8 108 (2.39%) VMware
9 86 (1.91%) New Relic
10 85 (1.88%) IBM
11 68 (1.51%) Atlassian
11 68 (1.51%) SaltStack
12 66 (1.46%) Cisco
13 53 (1.18%) Alteryx
14 47 (1.04%) Sybase
15 46 (1.02%) Hortonworks
16 44 (0.98%) Adobe
17 42 (0.93%) AppDynamics
17 42 (0.93%) Informatica
18 40 (0.89%) ServiceNow