Period
to 13 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 13 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
13 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 9 11 13
Rank change year-on-year +2 +2 +2
Contract jobs citing Python 2,349 4,757 4,446
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 13.58% 11.43% 9.51%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.18% 24.09% 19.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,733 3,450 3,322
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £413 £413 £410
90th Percentile £750 £725 £700
England median daily rate £525 £535 £525
% change year-on-year -1.87% +1.90% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 37 42
Median hourly rate £35.50 £42.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.47% -5.56% +3.45%
10th Percentile £24.13 £24.60 £13.47
90th Percentile £62.94 £54.85 £71.25
England median hourly rate £36.00 £45.00 £41.77
% change year-on-year -20.00% +7.75% +1.87%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 8,642 19,750 22,890
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 49.98% 47.45% 48.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,166 14,948 17,460
Median daily rate £525 £525 £510
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.94% +2.51%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £360
90th Percentile £719 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 99 122 202
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.50 £42.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.41% -16.24% +5.96%
10th Percentile £24.77 £20.03 £17.57
90th Percentile £63.75 £60.68 £63.63
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £41.53
% change year-on-year -19.54% +4.74% +0.68%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 13 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 13 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 13 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +5 414 £550 - 185
South London +14 74 £500 -4.76% 16
West London -9 46 £500 - 55
East London -4 29 £498 -5.24% 24
North London +17 1 £500 -9.09% 4
Python
England

For the 6 months to 13 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 887 (37.76%) AWS
2 876 (37.29%) Java
3 829 (35.29%) Agile Software Development
4 788 (33.55%) DevOps
5 787 (33.50%) Finance
6 700 (29.80%) SQL
7 555 (23.63%) Kubernetes
8 488 (20.77%) Azure
9 476 (20.26%) Docker
10 456 (19.41%) JavaScript
10 456 (19.41%) Banking
11 431 (18.35%) Software Engineering
11 431 (18.35%) Web Services
12 413 (17.58%) GCP
13 403 (17.16%) Linux
14 390 (16.60%) Terraform
15 384 (16.35%) Jenkins
16 363 (15.45%) Front Office
17 362 (15.41%) Analytics
18 358 (15.24%) Asset Management
19 338 (14.39%) Git (software)
20 318 (13.54%) Big Data
21 301 (12.81%) Data Science
22 282 (12.01%) Derivative
23 275 (11.71%) Google
24 274 (11.66%) Serverless
25 272 (11.58%) Fixed Income
26 271 (11.54%) Ansible
27 264 (11.24%) Machine Learning
28 263 (11.20%) Microservices

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 240 (10.22%) Apache Spark
2 115 (4.90%) Elasticsearch
3 105 (4.47%) Apache
4 77 (3.28%) Confluence
5 35 (1.49%) Tomcat
6 27 (1.15%) nginx
7 26 (1.11%) SAS
8 24 (1.02%) Jupyter
9 23 (0.98%) Apache Airflow
10 22 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
11 20 (0.85%) SharePoint
12 18 (0.77%) Apache Pig
13 14 (0.60%) IIS
14 9 (0.38%) CMS
14 9 (0.38%) OpenStack
15 8 (0.34%) Apache Solr
16 5 (0.21%) Oracle Workflow
16 5 (0.21%) Tornado
16 5 (0.21%) WebSphere
17 4 (0.17%) WebLogic
Applications
1 82 (3.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 30 (1.28%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.60%) Chatbot
4 7 (0.30%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.043%) AutoCAD
6 1 (0.043%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 9 (0.38%) Markit EDM
1 9 (0.38%) PolarLake
2 8 (0.34%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 7 (0.30%) Distributed Ledger
3 7 (0.30%) Sophis RISQUE
4 5 (0.21%) Eagle PACE
4 5 (0.21%) FINCAD Analytics
5 4 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
6 3 (0.13%) Front Arena
6 3 (0.13%) Oracle 11i
6 3 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.085%) Aligne
7 2 (0.085%) Maximo
7 2 (0.085%) Oracle Payables
7 2 (0.085%) Orchestrade
7 2 (0.085%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 2 (0.085%) SunGard Martini
8 1 (0.043%) Actimize
8 1 (0.043%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 887 (37.76%) AWS
2 488 (20.77%) Azure
3 413 (17.58%) GCP
4 274 (11.66%) Serverless
5 220 (9.37%) AWS Lambda
6 155 (6.60%) Amazon EC2
7 149 (6.34%) Amazon S3
8 143 (6.09%) Amazon ECS
9 139 (5.92%) OpenShift
10 138 (5.87%) AWS CloudFormation
11 84 (3.58%) Amazon SQS
12 83 (3.53%) GitHub
13 56 (2.38%) Power Platform
14 47 (2.00%) Apigee
15 44 (1.87%) SaaS
16 43 (1.83%) PaaS
17 39 (1.66%) Amazon EKS
18 37 (1.58%) Cloud Computing
19 36 (1.53%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 31 (1.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 71 (3.02%) Firewall
2 59 (2.51%) HTTP
3 51 (2.17%) DNS
4 41 (1.75%) TCP/IP
5 29 (1.23%) Internet
6 24 (1.02%) Network Security
7 22 (0.94%) BGP
8 20 (0.85%) SSL
9 18 (0.77%) DHCP
9 18 (0.77%) SNMP
9 18 (0.77%) VPN
10 17 (0.72%) IPv4
10 17 (0.72%) MPLS
11 16 (0.68%) HTTPS
11 16 (0.68%) Kerberos
12 15 (0.64%) Wireless
13 14 (0.60%) HSRP
13 14 (0.60%) VRRP
14 13 (0.55%) RSVP
15 12 (0.51%) BIG-IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 318 (13.54%) Big Data
2 214 (9.11%) Hadoop
3 206 (8.77%) SQL Server
4 181 (7.71%) PostgreSQL
5 172 (7.32%) Amazon Redshift
6 171 (7.28%) NoSQL
7 161 (6.85%) Data Warehouse
8 144 (6.13%) MySQL
9 133 (5.66%) Amazon RDS
10 120 (5.11%) Relational Database
11 113 (4.81%) MongoDB
12 66 (2.81%) Data Lake
13 58 (2.47%) BigQuery
14 57 (2.43%) Redis
15 56 (2.38%) Apache Hive
15 56 (2.38%) Power BI
15 56 (2.38%) RDBMS
16 52 (2.21%) Apache Cassandra
17 44 (1.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 32 (1.36%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 384 (16.35%) Jenkins
2 338 (14.39%) Git (software)
3 151 (6.43%) JIRA
4 133 (5.66%) GitLab
5 127 (5.41%) Artifactory
6 100 (4.26%) RStudio
7 48 (2.04%) TeamCity
8 39 (1.66%) Subversion
9 36 (1.53%) Bitbucket
9 36 (1.53%) Cucumber
10 35 (1.49%) Selenium
11 34 (1.45%) Visual Studio Team System
12 30 (1.28%) Maven
13 28 (1.19%) JUnit
14 26 (1.11%) CircleCI
14 26 (1.11%) Team Foundation Server
15 24 (1.02%) Sonatype Nexus
16 23 (0.98%) Visual Studio
17 17 (0.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 17 (0.72%) Vagrant
General
1 787 (33.50%) Finance
2 456 (19.41%) Banking
3 363 (15.45%) Front Office
4 225 (9.58%) Investment Banking
5 65 (2.77%) Public Sector
6 59 (2.51%) Telecoms
7 50 (2.13%) Back Office
8 46 (1.96%) Retail
9 38 (1.62%) Marketing
10 32 (1.36%) Games
11 24 (1.02%) Financial Institution
12 19 (0.81%) Law
13 18 (0.77%) Legal
14 17 (0.72%) French Language
15 14 (0.60%) Manufacturing
16 12 (0.51%) Electronics
16 12 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
17 9 (0.38%) International Banking
18 5 (0.21%) Local Government
19 4 (0.17%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 937 (39.89%) Developer
2 446 (18.99%) Python Developer
3 289 (12.30%) AWS Engineer
4 274 (11.66%) DevOps Engineer
5 255 (10.86%) Data Engineer
6 249 (10.60%) Python Engineer
7 186 (7.92%) AWS Developer
8 165 (7.02%) Java Developer
9 138 (5.87%) Software Engineer
10 132 (5.62%) Architect
11 116 (4.94%) Data Scientist
12 103 (4.38%) Analyst
13 101 (4.30%) Cloud Engineer
14 100 (4.26%) Senior Developer
15 96 (4.09%) AWS DevOps
16 89 (3.79%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 82 (3.49%) Java Engineer
18 77 (3.28%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 75 (3.19%) AWS Software Engineer
20 72 (3.07%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 431 (18.35%) Web Services
2 219 (9.32%) React
3 194 (8.26%) AngularJS
4 170 (7.24%) Node.js
5 146 (6.22%) .NET
6 139 (5.92%) Django
7 133 (5.66%) Kafka
8 118 (5.02%) HTML
9 107 (4.56%) PySpark
10 103 (4.38%) REST
11 100 (4.26%) Pandas
12 95 (4.04%) Flask
13 91 (3.87%) TensorFlow
14 90 (3.83%) Vue.js
15 85 (3.62%) CSS
16 83 (3.53%) RESTful
17 79 (3.36%) gRPC
18 67 (2.85%) Elastic Stack
18 67 (2.85%) Swagger
19 65 (2.77%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 282 (12.01%) Derivative
2 272 (11.58%) Fixed Income
3 248 (10.56%) Hedge funds
4 211 (8.98%) Equities
5 209 (8.90%) Analytical Skills
6 183 (7.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 120 (5.11%) Greenfield Project
8 99 (4.21%) Algorithms
9 72 (3.07%) Linux Command Line
10 65 (2.77%) User Experience
11 62 (2.64%) Cloud Native
12 49 (2.09%) Data Structures
13 47 (2.00%) Public Cloud
14 44 (1.87%) Mobile App
15 36 (1.53%) Enterprise Software
16 35 (1.49%) Blog
17 33 (1.40%) Self-Motivation
18 30 (1.28%) Market Risk
19 29 (1.23%) Equity Derivative
19 29 (1.23%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 403 (17.16%) Linux
2 126 (5.36%) Unix
3 121 (5.15%) Windows
4 66 (2.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 34 (1.45%) CentOS
6 25 (1.06%) Windows Server
7 23 (0.98%) Android
7 23 (0.98%) Apple iOS
8 16 (0.68%) Mac OS X
9 15 (0.64%) Ubuntu
10 11 (0.47%) Debian
11 8 (0.34%) Mac OS
12 7 (0.30%) Windows Server 2016
13 5 (0.21%) Windows Server 2019
14 4 (0.17%) CoreOS
15 3 (0.13%) Solaris
15 3 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
15 3 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
16 2 (0.085%) Windows Server 2003
17 1 (0.043%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 829 (35.29%) Agile Software Development
2 788 (33.55%) DevOps
3 431 (18.35%) Software Engineering
4 362 (15.41%) Analytics
5 358 (15.24%) Asset Management
6 301 (12.81%) Data Science
7 264 (11.24%) Machine Learning
8 263 (11.20%) Microservices
9 211 (8.98%) Test Automation
10 197 (8.39%) Continuous Integration
11 192 (8.17%) Investment Management
12 179 (7.62%) TDD
13 170 (7.24%) Open Source
13 170 (7.24%) Scrum
14 166 (7.07%) Decision-Making
15 151 (6.43%) Business Intelligence
16 145 (6.17%) Computer Science
16 145 (6.17%) Infrastructure as Code
17 143 (6.09%) Visualisation
18 138 (5.87%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 876 (37.29%) Java
2 700 (29.80%) SQL
3 456 (19.41%) JavaScript
4 250 (10.64%) C#
5 240 (10.22%) R
6 203 (8.64%) Bash Shell
7 195 (8.30%) C++
8 163 (6.94%) Scala
9 152 (6.47%) Ruby
10 120 (5.11%) Go
11 112 (4.77%) PowerShell
12 87 (3.70%) Perl
13 75 (3.19%) TypeScript
14 72 (3.07%) Groovy
14 72 (3.07%) VBA
15 48 (2.04%) C
15 48 (2.04%) T-SQL
16 45 (1.92%) Shell Script
17 41 (1.75%) PHP
18 31 (1.32%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 171 (7.28%) Security Cleared
2 144 (6.13%) SC Cleared
3 141 (6.00%) Degree
4 42 (1.79%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.19%) PhD
6 27 (1.15%) Cisco Certification
7 24 (1.02%) DV Cleared
8 23 (0.98%) Master's Degree
9 15 (0.64%) AWS Certification
9 15 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
10 14 (0.60%) CCNP
10 14 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
10 14 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
10 14 (0.60%) Sun Certification
11 11 (0.47%) CCIE
11 11 (0.47%) SANS
12 10 (0.43%) ISEB
13 9 (0.38%) CCNA
14 8 (0.34%) CCIE Service Provider
14 8 (0.34%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (2.21%) QA
2 47 (2.00%) Data Quality
3 19 (0.81%) GDPR
4 8 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 7 (0.30%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.26%) HIPAA
6 6 (0.26%) PSD2
6 6 (0.26%) SLA
7 5 (0.21%) Basel III
7 5 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
7 5 (0.21%) MiFID
8 2 (0.085%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.085%) NIST
8 2 (0.085%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.043%) CDISC
9 1 (0.043%) DICOM
9 1 (0.043%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.043%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.043%) ISO/IEC 17025
9 1 (0.043%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 476 (20.26%) Docker
2 31 (1.32%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (0.85%) HDFS
5 11 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (0.30%) Apache Flume
6 7 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
6 7 (0.30%) VMware NSX
7 6 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
7 6 (0.26%) vSphere
8 3 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.13%) Gluster
8 3 (0.13%) GridGain
8 3 (0.13%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 2 (0.085%) BusyBox
9 2 (0.085%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.085%) KVM
9 2 (0.085%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.085%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.085%) zsh
Systems Management
1 555 (23.63%) Kubernetes
2 390 (16.60%) Terraform
3 271 (11.54%) Ansible
4 116 (4.94%) Puppet
5 85 (3.62%) Opscode Chef
6 37 (1.58%) Prometheus
7 33 (1.40%) Kibana
8 28 (1.19%) Packer
9 27 (1.15%) logstash
10 26 (1.11%) Grafana
11 23 (0.98%) Nagios
11 23 (0.98%) Salt
12 14 (0.60%) Consul
12 14 (0.60%) Hadoop YARN
13 12 (0.51%) Rancher
14 9 (0.38%) Docker Swarm
14 9 (0.38%) Oozie
15 8 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
16 7 (0.30%) vCenter Server
17 6 (0.26%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 275 (11.71%) Google
2 156 (6.64%) Oracle
3 149 (6.34%) Microsoft
4 90 (3.83%) Tableau
5 84 (3.58%) Splunk
6 56 (2.38%) Cloudera
7 53 (2.26%) Bloomberg
8 52 (2.21%) Red Hat
9 51 (2.17%) Databricks
10 34 (1.45%) Cisco
11 32 (1.36%) SAP
12 30 (1.28%) Sybase
13 28 (1.19%) Hortonworks
13 28 (1.19%) VMware
14 26 (1.11%) MuleSoft
15 18 (0.77%) Informatica
16 17 (0.72%) Atlassian
16 17 (0.72%) SaltStack
17 16 (0.68%) Alteryx
17 16 (0.68%) StreamSets