Period
to 18 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 18 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
18 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 11 14
Rank change year-on-year +1 +3 +5
Contract jobs citing Python 3,627 4,630 4,173
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 12.07% 10.41% 8.98%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.86% 20.78% 18.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,549 3,348 3,214
London median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £413 £406 £400
90th Percentile £725 £700 £684
England median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 39 29 34
London median hourly rate £47.50 £40.00 £28.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.75% +40.35% -12.22%
10th Percentile £15.80 £23.38 £25.44
90th Percentile £55.10 £55.87 £47.73
England median hourly rate £45.00 £43.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.86% +9.38% +1.59%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 14,023 22,281 22,478
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 46.66% 50.09% 48.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,373 16,912 17,230
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £369 £363 £350
90th Percentile £693 £675 £675
England median daily rate £485 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +1.04% +1.05% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 111 114 150
London median hourly rate £45.00 £36.00 £34.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.00% +5.88% -15.00%
10th Percentile £18.75 £18.77 £18.48
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £57.63
England median hourly rate £42.75 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +0.59% +6.25% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 18 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 18 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 18 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +6 760 £550 - 521
South London +16 134 £550 +4.76% 37
West London +2 119 £515 +8.42% 130
East London +1 65 £563 +7.14% 87
North London +13 7 £475 -13.64% 12
Python
England

For the 6 months to 18 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,267 (34.93%) AWS
2 1,258 (34.68%) Agile Software Development
3 1,195 (32.95%) Java
4 1,024 (28.23%) DevOps
5 965 (26.61%) SQL
6 882 (24.32%) Finance
7 761 (20.98%) Docker
8 752 (20.73%) Linux
9 663 (18.28%) Azure
10 646 (17.81%) Kubernetes
11 630 (17.37%) JavaScript
12 549 (15.14%) GCP
13 522 (14.39%) Data Science
14 515 (14.20%) Terraform
15 495 (13.65%) Git (software)
16 494 (13.62%) Software Engineering
17 493 (13.59%) Jenkins
18 482 (13.29%) Machine Learning
19 479 (13.21%) Analytics
20 475 (13.10%) Microservices
21 445 (12.27%) Ansible
22 429 (11.83%) Front Office
23 402 (11.08%) Web Services
24 386 (10.64%) C++
25 380 (10.48%) Big Data
26 377 (10.39%) C#
27 372 (10.26%) R
28 366 (10.09%) Google
29 365 (10.06%) Bash Shell
30 364 (10.04%) Apache Spark

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 364 (10.04%) Apache Spark
2 160 (4.41%) Elasticsearch
3 84 (2.32%) Confluence
4 82 (2.26%) Apache
5 52 (1.43%) Apache Airflow
6 49 (1.35%) nginx
7 43 (1.19%) SAS
8 41 (1.13%) Cloud Foundry
9 40 (1.10%) Jupyter
10 30 (0.83%) OpenStack
11 29 (0.80%) Tomcat
12 25 (0.69%) SharePoint
13 18 (0.50%) WebLogic
14 15 (0.41%) IIS
15 11 (0.30%) JBoss
16 10 (0.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 9 (0.25%) Luigi
18 8 (0.22%) CMS
18 8 (0.22%) WebSphere
19 7 (0.19%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 75 (2.07%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.17%) Chatbot
3 5 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.11%) InDesign
4 4 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.11%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.11%) SPSS
5 3 (0.083%) GNU Octave
6 2 (0.055%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.055%) Sketch
6 2 (0.055%) Stata
7 1 (0.028%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.028%) Blender
7 1 (0.028%) InVision
7 1 (0.028%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.028%) MODO
7 1 (0.028%) UXPin
7 1 (0.028%) Weka
Business Applications
1 31 (0.85%) FINCAD Analytics
2 19 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
3 13 (0.36%) Markit EDM
3 13 (0.36%) PolarLake
4 9 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
5 8 (0.22%) Eagle PACE
6 5 (0.14%) Sophis RISQUE
7 4 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
8 3 (0.083%) BusinessWorks
8 3 (0.083%) Oracle BPM
8 3 (0.083%) Oracle Financials
8 3 (0.083%) Unit4 Business World
9 2 (0.055%) RMDS
10 1 (0.028%) Actimize
10 1 (0.028%) ION MarketView
10 1 (0.028%) Magento
10 1 (0.028%) NetSuite
10 1 (0.028%) Remedy ITSM
10 1 (0.028%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 1 (0.028%) SimCorp Dimension
Cloud Services
1 1,267 (34.93%) AWS
2 663 (18.28%) Azure
3 549 (15.14%) GCP
4 316 (8.71%) Serverless
5 258 (7.11%) Amazon S3
6 254 (7.00%) AWS Lambda
7 183 (5.05%) AWS CloudFormation
8 168 (4.63%) GitHub
9 137 (3.78%) Amazon EC2
9 137 (3.78%) OpenShift
10 118 (3.25%) Power Platform
11 109 (3.01%) Amazon SQS
12 94 (2.59%) Amazon ECS
13 69 (1.90%) Azure Data Factory
14 65 (1.79%) PaaS
15 60 (1.65%) Amazon Kinesis
16 55 (1.52%) IaaS
17 48 (1.32%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 45 (1.24%) Amazon EKS
19 42 (1.16%) Azure Machine Learning
Communications & Networking
1 84 (2.32%) Firewall
2 62 (1.71%) VPN
3 45 (1.24%) HTTP
4 44 (1.21%) DNS
5 40 (1.10%) TCP/IP
6 38 (1.05%) Internet
7 24 (0.66%) Wi-Fi
8 23 (0.63%) Network Security
8 23 (0.63%) Wireless
9 22 (0.61%) SSL
9 22 (0.61%) WAN
10 21 (0.58%) DHCP
11 19 (0.52%) BGP
12 18 (0.50%) Multicast
13 16 (0.44%) Cisco ASA
14 15 (0.41%) MPLS
15 14 (0.39%) MQTT
16 12 (0.33%) Intrusion Detection
16 12 (0.33%) Kerberos
16 12 (0.33%) VXLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 380 (10.48%) Big Data
2 317 (8.74%) Hadoop
3 310 (8.55%) PostgreSQL
4 275 (7.58%) NoSQL
5 187 (5.16%) Amazon Redshift
6 183 (5.05%) SQL Server
7 179 (4.94%) MongoDB
8 170 (4.69%) MySQL
9 169 (4.66%) Relational Database
10 158 (4.36%) Data Warehouse
11 155 (4.27%) Amazon RDS
12 128 (3.53%) Amazon Athena
13 123 (3.39%) Data Lake
14 113 (3.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 111 (3.06%) Power BI
16 106 (2.92%) Apache Hive
17 97 (2.67%) Apache Cassandra
18 82 (2.26%) BigQuery
19 73 (2.01%) Redis
20 69 (1.90%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 495 (13.65%) Git (software)
2 493 (13.59%) Jenkins
3 206 (5.68%) JIRA
4 95 (2.62%) Maven
5 93 (2.56%) GitLab
6 84 (2.32%) Artifactory
7 78 (2.15%) TeamCity
8 73 (2.01%) RStudio
9 56 (1.54%) Sonatype Nexus
10 49 (1.35%) CircleCI
11 48 (1.32%) Selenium
12 46 (1.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 44 (1.21%) Bitbucket
14 41 (1.13%) Subversion
15 36 (0.99%) Visual Studio Team System
16 34 (0.94%) gulp
17 28 (0.77%) webpack
18 25 (0.69%) Jasmine
18 25 (0.69%) Travis CI
19 23 (0.63%) Gradle
General
1 882 (24.32%) Finance
2 429 (11.83%) Front Office
3 344 (9.48%) Banking
4 116 (3.20%) Investment Banking
5 93 (2.56%) Public Sector
6 76 (2.10%) Marketing
7 66 (1.82%) Retail
8 61 (1.68%) Telecoms
9 57 (1.57%) Games
10 36 (0.99%) Advertising
11 32 (0.88%) Law
12 29 (0.80%) Financial Institution
13 24 (0.66%) Publishing
14 22 (0.61%) Back Office
15 20 (0.55%) Legal
16 19 (0.52%) Manufacturing
17 17 (0.47%) Retail Banking
18 15 (0.41%) Aerospace
19 12 (0.33%) Electronics
19 12 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,374 (37.88%) Developer
2 685 (18.89%) Python Developer
3 499 (13.76%) DevOps Engineer
4 364 (10.04%) Data Engineer
5 319 (8.80%) Python Engineer
6 255 (7.03%) AWS Engineer
7 222 (6.12%) Data Scientist
8 213 (5.87%) Senior Developer
9 205 (5.65%) Architect
10 187 (5.16%) Software Engineer
11 177 (4.88%) Java Developer
12 176 (4.85%) Analyst
13 162 (4.47%) Cloud Engineer
14 147 (4.05%) AWS Developer
15 130 (3.58%) AWS DevOps
16 119 (3.28%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 115 (3.17%) Senior Python Developer
18 106 (2.92%) Full Stack Developer
19 97 (2.67%) Azure Engineer
20 83 (2.29%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 402 (11.08%) Web Services
2 349 (9.62%) Node.js
3 298 (8.22%) React
4 260 (7.17%) Kafka
5 255 (7.03%) Django
6 236 (6.51%) AngularJS
7 232 (6.40%) .NET
8 193 (5.32%) HTML
9 190 (5.24%) REST
10 165 (4.55%) CSS
10 165 (4.55%) Flask
11 158 (4.36%) Pandas
12 125 (3.45%) PySpark
13 122 (3.36%) NumPy
14 115 (3.17%) J2EE
15 112 (3.09%) JSON
16 111 (3.06%) Natural Language Processing
17 109 (3.01%) RESTful
18 92 (2.54%) scikit-learn
19 89 (2.45%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 285 (7.86%) Greenfield Project
2 262 (7.22%) Fixed Income
3 253 (6.98%) Derivative
4 217 (5.98%) Analytical Skills
5 184 (5.07%) Algorithms
6 161 (4.44%) Equities
7 148 (4.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 125 (3.45%) Hedge funds
9 103 (2.84%) Public Cloud
10 92 (2.54%) User Experience
11 80 (2.21%) Data Structures
12 71 (1.96%) Blog
13 63 (1.74%) Data Centre
14 58 (1.60%) Self-Motivation
15 55 (1.52%) Linux Command Line
16 48 (1.32%) Reference Data
17 38 (1.05%) Credit Risk
17 38 (1.05%) Equity Derivative
18 36 (0.99%) Cloud Native
19 35 (0.96%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 752 (20.73%) Linux
2 225 (6.20%) Unix
3 224 (6.18%) Windows
4 130 (3.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 62 (1.71%) CentOS
6 52 (1.43%) Ubuntu
7 42 (1.16%) Apple iOS
8 35 (0.96%) Android
9 34 (0.94%) Windows Server
10 29 (0.80%) Mac OS
11 21 (0.58%) Mac OS X
12 20 (0.55%) Embedded Linux
13 14 (0.39%) CoreOS
14 13 (0.36%) VMS
15 10 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
16 9 (0.25%) Solaris
17 6 (0.17%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
18 5 (0.14%) Debian
19 4 (0.11%) Mac OS X Server
19 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,258 (34.68%) Agile Software Development
2 1,024 (28.23%) DevOps
3 522 (14.39%) Data Science
4 494 (13.62%) Software Engineering
5 482 (13.29%) Machine Learning
6 479 (13.21%) Analytics
7 475 (13.10%) Microservices
8 354 (9.76%) TDD
9 351 (9.68%) Continuous Integration
10 298 (8.22%) Scrum
11 287 (7.91%) Asset Management
12 263 (7.25%) Computer Science
13 257 (7.09%) Open Source
14 255 (7.03%) ETL
15 229 (6.31%) Migration
16 228 (6.29%) Test Automation
17 220 (6.07%) Artificial Intelligence
18 218 (6.01%) Business Intelligence
19 214 (5.90%) Visualisation
20 212 (5.85%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,195 (32.95%) Java
2 965 (26.61%) SQL
3 630 (17.37%) JavaScript
4 386 (10.64%) C++
5 377 (10.39%) C#
6 372 (10.26%) R
7 365 (10.06%) Bash Shell
8 325 (8.96%) Ruby
9 307 (8.46%) Scala
10 253 (6.98%) Go
11 179 (4.94%) Perl
12 177 (4.88%) PowerShell
13 111 (3.06%) Groovy
14 108 (2.98%) Shell Script
15 105 (2.89%) PHP
16 70 (1.93%) C
17 58 (1.60%) VBA
18 44 (1.21%) Kotlin
19 39 (1.08%) PL/SQL
20 38 (1.05%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 294 (8.11%) Security Cleared
2 244 (6.73%) Degree
3 216 (5.96%) SC Cleared
4 93 (2.56%) PhD
5 69 (1.90%) Computer Science Degree
6 47 (1.30%) DV Cleared
7 42 (1.16%) AWS Certification
8 39 (1.08%) Master's Degree
9 31 (0.85%) Cisco Certification
10 30 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
11 20 (0.55%) Microsoft Certification
12 18 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
13 16 (0.44%) MCSA
14 15 (0.41%) DBS Check
15 14 (0.39%) CCNP
15 14 (0.39%) RHCE
16 13 (0.36%) CCIE
17 12 (0.33%) CISSP
18 9 (0.25%) CCNA
18 9 (0.25%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 95 (2.62%) QA
2 36 (0.99%) Data Quality
3 21 (0.58%) GDPR
4 17 (0.47%) NIST
5 15 (0.41%) PCI DSS
6 12 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 10 (0.28%) SLA
8 8 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
8 8 (0.22%) MiFID
9 7 (0.19%) EMIR
9 7 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 7 (0.19%) NCSC
10 4 (0.11%) HIPAA
10 4 (0.11%) NIST 800
10 4 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.083%) PMO
11 3 (0.083%) PSD2
12 2 (0.055%) COREP
12 2 (0.055%) CRD IV
12 2 (0.055%) Solvency II
System Software
1 761 (20.98%) Docker
2 66 (1.82%) VMware Infrastructure
3 46 (1.27%) HDFS
4 36 (0.99%) Active Directory
5 31 (0.85%) Virtual Machines
6 22 (0.61%) Hyper-V
7 15 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 13 (0.36%) VirtualBox
9 10 (0.28%) KVM
10 9 (0.25%) Firmware
11 6 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
11 6 (0.17%) VMware NSX
12 5 (0.14%) Apache Flume
12 5 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
12 5 (0.14%) Xen
13 4 (0.11%) BusyBox
13 4 (0.11%) NFS
14 3 (0.083%) oVirt
14 3 (0.083%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 2 (0.055%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 646 (17.81%) Kubernetes
2 515 (14.20%) Terraform
3 445 (12.27%) Ansible
4 253 (6.98%) Puppet
5 211 (5.82%) Opscode Chef
6 45 (1.24%) Salt
7 44 (1.21%) Packer
8 34 (0.94%) Hadoop YARN
9 32 (0.88%) Prometheus
10 29 (0.80%) Consul
11 28 (0.77%) Grafana
12 25 (0.69%) Docker Swarm
12 25 (0.69%) Istio
13 18 (0.50%) logstash
13 18 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
13 18 (0.50%) Suricata
14 17 (0.47%) Host Intrusion Detection System
14 17 (0.47%) Network Intrusion Detection System
15 16 (0.44%) Kibana
15 16 (0.44%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 366 (10.09%) Google
2 239 (6.59%) Oracle
3 220 (6.07%) Microsoft
4 125 (3.45%) Red Hat
5 122 (3.36%) Tableau
6 107 (2.95%) Splunk
7 80 (2.21%) Databricks
8 79 (2.18%) VMware
9 56 (1.54%) Bloomberg
10 53 (1.46%) Hortonworks
11 51 (1.41%) Cisco
12 47 (1.30%) Cloudera
13 41 (1.13%) Salesforce.com
14 38 (1.05%) Alteryx
15 36 (0.99%) Atlassian
16 31 (0.85%) IBM
16 31 (0.85%) Sybase
17 30 (0.83%) Informatica
18 29 (0.80%) Reuters
18 29 (0.80%) SaltStack