Period
to 10 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 10 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
10 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 11 12
Rank change year-on-year +2 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Python 3,117 2,547 4,563
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 13.39% 11.90% 11.07%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.17% 24.85% 23.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,341 1,872 3,266
10th Percentile £400 £413 £413
25th Percentile £465 £475 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £550
75th Percentile £650 £650 £650
90th Percentile £713 £725 £723
England median daily rate £525 £525 £530
% change year-on-year - -0.94% +0.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 24 37
10th Percentile £26.71 £17.46 £22.94
25th Percentile £30.63 £24.50 £32.50
Median hourly rate £40.50 £46.96 £44.92
Median % change year-on-year -13.75% +4.55% -0.19%
75th Percentile £58.75 £52.44 £52.50
90th Percentile £65.15 £63.71 £54.85
England median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -5.88% -5.56% +9.76%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,063 10,251 19,669
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.54% 47.91% 47.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,267 7,676 14,959
10th Percentile £363 £365 £363
25th Percentile £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £638 £619 £613
90th Percentile £713 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 65 80 112
10th Percentile £20.99 £18.66 £18.19
25th Percentile £30.50 £26.93 £21.11
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.83 £36.00
Median % change year-on-year -5.92% +32.86% -7.10%
75th Percentile £63.75 £61.06 £47.83
90th Percentile £68.00 £65.93 £53.75
England median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £44.00
% change year-on-year -1.16% -2.27% +10.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 10 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 301 £550 - 401
West London +8 54 £510 +2.00% 118
South London -3 25 £575 +9.52% 16
East London -6 11 £478 -9.05% 62
Python
England

For the 6 months to 10 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,096 (35.16%) AWS
2 1,084 (34.78%) Agile Software Development
3 1,033 (33.14%) SQL
4 926 (29.71%) Finance
5 904 (29.00%) Azure
6 863 (27.69%) DevOps
7 837 (26.85%) Java
8 641 (20.56%) JavaScript
9 576 (18.48%) Software Engineering
10 554 (17.77%) Kubernetes
11 551 (17.68%) Analytics
12 524 (16.81%) Linux
13 521 (16.71%) Docker
14 516 (16.55%) Terraform
15 511 (16.39%) Social Skills
16 474 (15.21%) GCP
17 466 (14.95%) Git (software)
18 429 (13.76%) Jenkins
19 417 (13.38%) Front Office
20 403 (12.93%) React
21 389 (12.48%) Serverless
22 385 (12.35%) Ansible
23 354 (11.36%) Banking
24 351 (11.26%) Web Services
25 348 (11.16%) Test Automation
26 341 (10.94%) Data Science
27 314 (10.07%) Microservices
28 295 (9.46%) C#
29 291 (9.34%) Asset Management
30 286 (9.18%) Oracle

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 263 (8.44%) Apache Spark
2 139 (4.46%) Apache
2 139 (4.46%) Confluence
3 82 (2.63%) Apache Airflow
4 51 (1.64%) Jupyter
5 46 (1.48%) nginx
6 45 (1.44%) SAS
7 43 (1.38%) BizTalk Server
8 39 (1.25%) Elasticsearch
9 38 (1.22%) SharePoint
10 33 (1.06%) Oracle Coherence
11 23 (0.74%) CMS
12 20 (0.64%) Cloud Foundry
13 19 (0.61%) IIS
14 11 (0.35%) Tomcat
15 9 (0.29%) Apache Pig
15 9 (0.29%) OpenStack
16 8 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 8 (0.26%) WebSphere
17 7 (0.22%) GemFire
Applications
1 53 (1.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
3 17 (0.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.35%) Chatbot
5 9 (0.29%) SPSS
5 9 (0.29%) Stata
6 7 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.096%) Maya
8 2 (0.064%) CINEMA 4D
9 1 (0.032%) Adobe After Effects
9 1 (0.032%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.032%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.032%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.032%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.032%) Autodesk Flame
9 1 (0.032%) Final Cut Pro
9 1 (0.032%) Houdini
9 1 (0.032%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.032%) Simulink
9 1 (0.032%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 15 (0.48%) ION MarketView
2 11 (0.35%) Markit EDM
3 10 (0.32%) Eagle PACE
3 10 (0.32%) SunGard Martini
4 5 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.13%) RMDS
6 3 (0.096%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.096%) Sentinel
6 3 (0.096%) Towers Watson Igloo
7 2 (0.064%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.064%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.064%) FINCAD Analytics
7 2 (0.064%) IntelliMatch
7 2 (0.064%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.064%) R3 Corda
7 2 (0.064%) SAP CRM
7 2 (0.064%) Sonata
8 1 (0.032%) Cognos Controller
8 1 (0.032%) Cognos TM1
8 1 (0.032%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,096 (35.16%) AWS
2 904 (29.00%) Azure
3 474 (15.21%) GCP
4 389 (12.48%) Serverless
5 239 (7.67%) AWS Lambda
6 167 (5.36%) Amazon S3
7 154 (4.94%) GitHub
8 140 (4.49%) Power Platform
9 122 (3.91%) Amazon EC2
10 98 (3.14%) AWS CloudFormation
11 97 (3.11%) Azure Functions
12 78 (2.50%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 76 (2.44%) PaaS
14 69 (2.21%) IaaS
15 66 (2.12%) Azure Logic Apps
16 64 (2.05%) Azure Data Factory
16 64 (2.05%) SaaS
17 57 (1.83%) Azure Storage
18 40 (1.28%) Amazon ECS
19 39 (1.25%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 66 (2.12%) Firewall
2 55 (1.76%) HTTP
3 42 (1.35%) TCP/IP
4 41 (1.32%) DNS
5 29 (0.93%) Network Security
6 23 (0.74%) Multicast
7 18 (0.58%) Internet
7 18 (0.58%) NAS
7 18 (0.58%) SSL
8 15 (0.48%) SAN
8 15 (0.48%) Wi-Fi
8 15 (0.48%) Wireshark
9 14 (0.45%) VPN
10 13 (0.42%) Kerberos
11 11 (0.35%) MPLS
11 11 (0.35%) Wireless
12 10 (0.32%) WAN
13 9 (0.29%) DHCP
14 8 (0.26%) DECT
14 8 (0.26%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 248 (7.96%) Big Data
2 180 (5.77%) Data Warehouse
3 161 (5.17%) PostgreSQL
4 158 (5.07%) Hadoop
5 154 (4.94%) SQL Server
6 143 (4.59%) Relational Database
7 142 (4.56%) Tableau
8 137 (4.40%) MongoDB
9 135 (4.33%) Power BI
10 124 (3.98%) NoSQL
11 98 (3.14%) BigQuery
12 95 (3.05%) Data Lake
13 84 (2.69%) Azure SQL Database
14 78 (2.50%) Amazon Redshift
15 77 (2.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 76 (2.44%) Amazon RDS
17 72 (2.31%) Apache Hive
18 70 (2.25%) MySQL
19 50 (1.60%) Oracle Database
20 43 (1.38%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 466 (14.95%) Git (software)
2 429 (13.76%) Jenkins
3 248 (7.96%) JIRA
4 118 (3.79%) GitLab
5 108 (3.46%) Maven
6 88 (2.82%) TeamCity
7 73 (2.34%) Bitbucket
8 54 (1.73%) Selenium
9 52 (1.67%) Artifactory
10 48 (1.54%) CircleCI
11 46 (1.48%) Gradle
12 43 (1.38%) Visual Studio
12 43 (1.38%) Visual Studio Team System
13 42 (1.35%) Sonatype Nexus
13 42 (1.35%) Subversion
14 40 (1.28%) Cucumber
15 34 (1.09%) SonarQube
16 29 (0.93%) gulp
16 29 (0.93%) JUnit
17 28 (0.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 926 (29.71%) Finance
2 511 (16.39%) Social Skills
3 417 (13.38%) Front Office
4 354 (11.36%) Banking
5 256 (8.21%) Analytical Skills
6 143 (4.59%) Investment Banking
7 111 (3.56%) Public Sector
8 97 (3.11%) Marketing
9 64 (2.05%) Presentation Skills
10 60 (1.92%) Retail
11 46 (1.48%) Telecoms
12 43 (1.38%) Back Office
13 26 (0.83%) Financial Institution
13 26 (0.83%) Games
14 25 (0.80%) Influencing Skills
15 19 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
16 16 (0.51%) Manufacturing
16 16 (0.51%) Organisational Skills
17 15 (0.48%) Electronics
17 15 (0.48%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,152 (36.96%) Developer
2 485 (15.56%) Python Developer
3 352 (11.29%) Data Engineer
4 299 (9.59%) DevOps Engineer
5 270 (8.66%) Analyst
6 242 (7.76%) Python Engineer
7 193 (6.19%) Software Engineer
8 184 (5.90%) React Developer
9 183 (5.87%) AWS Engineer
10 140 (4.49%) Data Scientist
11 119 (3.82%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 112 (3.59%) Azure Engineer
12 112 (3.59%) Data Analyst
13 110 (3.53%) Architect
14 107 (3.43%) Cloud Engineer
15 102 (3.27%) Java Developer
16 93 (2.98%) Senior Developer
17 85 (2.73%) JavaScript Developer
18 80 (2.57%) Consultant
19 77 (2.47%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 403 (12.93%) React
2 351 (11.26%) Web Services
3 282 (9.05%) .NET
4 267 (8.57%) Node.js
5 234 (7.51%) AngularJS
6 216 (6.93%) Kafka
7 183 (5.87%) Django
8 132 (4.23%) NumPy
9 126 (4.04%) HTML
10 122 (3.91%) REST
11 120 (3.85%) Pandas
12 119 (3.82%) Flask
13 118 (3.79%) RESTful
14 111 (3.56%) PySpark
15 99 (3.18%) CSS
16 96 (3.08%) Spring
17 93 (2.98%) JSON
18 85 (2.73%) React Native
19 72 (2.31%) XML
20 71 (2.28%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 214 (6.87%) Derivative
2 208 (6.67%) Equities
3 161 (5.17%) Fixed Income
4 149 (4.78%) Hedge funds
5 135 (4.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 130 (4.17%) Algorithms
7 122 (3.91%) Cloud Native
8 121 (3.88%) User Experience
9 92 (2.95%) Data Structures
10 81 (2.60%) Greenfield Project
11 60 (1.92%) Self-Motivation
12 59 (1.89%) Equity Derivative
13 56 (1.80%) Data Centre
14 48 (1.54%) Credit Risk
14 48 (1.54%) Management Information System
15 45 (1.44%) Blog
15 45 (1.44%) Public Cloud
16 41 (1.32%) Mobile App
17 33 (1.06%) Market Risk
18 22 (0.71%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 524 (16.81%) Linux
2 199 (6.38%) Windows
3 180 (5.77%) Unix
4 73 (2.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 38 (1.22%) Windows Server
6 35 (1.12%) CentOS
7 23 (0.74%) Ubuntu
8 17 (0.55%) Solaris
9 12 (0.38%) Android
9 12 (0.38%) Mac OS X
10 11 (0.35%) Apple iOS
11 10 (0.32%) OpenWrt
12 9 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
13 7 (0.22%) Windows Server 2019
14 5 (0.16%) AIX
14 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
14 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
15 3 (0.096%) Debian
15 3 (0.096%) SUSE
15 3 (0.096%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,084 (34.78%) Agile Software Development
2 863 (27.69%) DevOps
3 576 (18.48%) Software Engineering
4 551 (17.68%) Analytics
5 348 (11.16%) Test Automation
6 341 (10.94%) Data Science
7 314 (10.07%) Microservices
8 291 (9.34%) Asset Management
9 265 (8.50%) Machine Learning
10 257 (8.25%) Scrum
11 251 (8.05%) ETL
12 237 (7.60%) Business Intelligence
13 228 (7.31%) Investment Management
14 216 (6.93%) Data Engineering
15 209 (6.71%) Continuous Integration
15 209 (6.71%) TDD
16 207 (6.64%) Problem-Solving
17 206 (6.61%) Data Pipeline
18 191 (6.13%) Visualisation
19 190 (6.10%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 1,033 (33.14%) SQL
2 837 (26.85%) Java
3 641 (20.56%) JavaScript
4 295 (9.46%) C#
5 268 (8.60%) C++
6 207 (6.64%) Bash Shell
7 198 (6.35%) TypeScript
8 195 (6.26%) PowerShell
9 191 (6.13%) Scala
10 188 (6.03%) R
11 180 (5.77%) Go
12 147 (4.72%) Kotlin
13 137 (4.40%) Ruby
14 119 (3.82%) Shell Script
15 102 (3.27%) PL/SQL
16 100 (3.21%) C
17 83 (2.66%) T-SQL
18 79 (2.53%) Perl
19 61 (1.96%) Groovy
20 45 (1.44%) VBA
Qualifications
1 282 (9.05%) Degree
2 199 (6.38%) Security Cleared
3 157 (5.04%) SC Cleared
4 65 (2.09%) PhD
5 60 (1.92%) Computer Science Degree
6 39 (1.25%) AWS Certification
6 39 (1.25%) DV Cleared
7 21 (0.67%) Cisco Certification
8 19 (0.61%) Numerate Degree
9 16 (0.51%) Master's Degree
10 8 (0.26%) CCIE
11 7 (0.22%) CCNA
11 7 (0.22%) GIAC
11 7 (0.22%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 6 (0.19%) CCNP
12 6 (0.19%) CISA
12 6 (0.19%) CISSP
12 6 (0.19%) RHCE
13 5 (0.16%) CISM
13 5 (0.16%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 112 (3.59%) QA
2 68 (2.18%) Data Quality
3 22 (0.71%) GDPR
4 15 (0.48%) SLA
5 11 (0.35%) MiFID
6 10 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 8 (0.26%) JTAG
8 5 (0.16%) IFRS
8 5 (0.16%) IFRS 9
9 4 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 17025
10 3 (0.096%) EMIR
10 3 (0.096%) HIPAA
10 3 (0.096%) WCAG
11 2 (0.064%) Dodd-Frank
11 2 (0.064%) GRC
11 2 (0.064%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 2 (0.064%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 2 (0.064%) PMO
12 1 (0.032%) NIST
12 1 (0.032%) NIST 800
System Software
1 521 (16.71%) Docker
2 48 (1.54%) Active Directory
3 43 (1.38%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (0.99%) Virtual Machines
5 30 (0.96%) HDFS
6 19 (0.61%) VMware ESXi
7 16 (0.51%) Platform Symphony
7 16 (0.51%) vSphere
8 11 (0.35%) GridGain
8 11 (0.35%) NFS
9 8 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 7 (0.22%) Veritas File System
11 6 (0.19%) Apache Flume
11 6 (0.19%) Hyper-V
11 6 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (0.16%) BitLocker
13 4 (0.13%) Ceph
13 4 (0.13%) KVM
13 4 (0.13%) Varnish
13 4 (0.13%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 554 (17.77%) Kubernetes
2 516 (16.55%) Terraform
3 385 (12.35%) Ansible
4 144 (4.62%) Puppet
5 131 (4.20%) Opscode Chef
6 50 (1.60%) Prometheus
7 42 (1.35%) Grafana
8 28 (0.90%) Istio
9 26 (0.83%) Packer
10 20 (0.64%) Salt
11 17 (0.55%) Control-M
12 16 (0.51%) Argo
13 15 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
14 13 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
14 13 (0.42%) HP Quality Center
14 13 (0.42%) Kibana
15 11 (0.35%) Consul
15 11 (0.35%) Oozie
16 10 (0.32%) EnCase
16 10 (0.32%) Mesos
Vendors
1 286 (9.18%) Oracle
2 181 (5.81%) Google
3 151 (4.84%) Microsoft
4 132 (4.23%) Databricks
5 83 (2.66%) Splunk
6 82 (2.63%) Red Hat
7 62 (1.99%) MuleSoft
7 62 (1.99%) VMware
8 44 (1.41%) IBM
9 42 (1.35%) Cisco
10 40 (1.28%) Bloomberg
11 37 (1.19%) SAP
12 36 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
13 35 (1.12%) Alteryx
14 34 (1.09%) Informatica
15 28 (0.90%) Adobe
16 26 (0.83%) ServiceNow
17 25 (0.80%) Cloudera
17 25 (0.80%) TIBCO
18 24 (0.77%) HP