Period
to 11 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 11 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
11 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 15 21
Rank change year-on-year +1 +6 +20
Contract jobs citing Python 4,646 4,258 3,158
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 9.86% 8.97% 7.11%
As % of the Programming Languages category 19.63% 18.48% 15.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,380 3,286 2,325
London median daily rate £550 £550 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.00% +1.01%
10th Percentile £410 £400 £363
90th Percentile £713 £688 £638
England median daily rate £525 £520 £475
% change year-on-year +0.96% +9.47% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 33 19
London median hourly rate £40.00 £27.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.45% - +13.50%
10th Percentile £22.63 £25.30 £14.54
90th Percentile £55.87 £47.15 £39.92
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -3.85%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 23,670 23,040 19,834
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 50.26% 48.52% 44.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,070 17,568 14,781
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £633
England median daily rate £475 £463 £425
% change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 115 145 113
London median hourly rate £36.00 £32.50 £33.87
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.77% -4.03% +39.76%
10th Percentile £18.53 £18.01 £16.21
90th Percentile £58.75 £51.00 £57.38
England median hourly rate £42.19 £40.00 £38.88
% change year-on-year +5.48% +2.89% +3.67%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 11 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +5 884 £550 - 465
South London +30 180 £525 -4.55% 37
West London -3 165 £484 -3.73% 192
East London -2 145 £550 +6.80% 107
North London +3 10 £550 +44.26% 9
Python
England

For the 6 months to 11 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,556 (33.49%) DevOps
2 1,525 (32.82%) Amazon AWS
3 1,490 (32.07%) Agile Software Development
4 1,379 (29.68%) Java
5 1,292 (27.81%) Linux
6 1,185 (25.51%) SQL
7 1,159 (24.95%) Finance
8 1,121 (24.13%) Docker
9 1,015 (21.85%) Jenkins
10 987 (21.24%) Ansible
11 781 (16.81%) Kubernetes
12 743 (15.99%) Terraform
13 740 (15.93%) Git (software)
14 734 (15.80%) Bash Shell
15 666 (14.33%) JavaScript
16 616 (13.26%) Big Data
17 603 (12.98%) Hadoop
18 600 (12.91%) Analytics
19 592 (12.74%) Continuous Integration
20 588 (12.66%) Banking
21 584 (12.57%) Data Science
22 583 (12.55%) Unix
22 583 (12.55%) Puppet
23 574 (12.35%) Ruby
24 570 (12.27%) Test Automation
25 531 (11.43%) TDD
26 528 (11.36%) Opscode Chef
27 513 (11.04%) Apache Spark
28 504 (10.85%) C++
29 499 (10.74%) Microsoft Azure

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 513 (11.04%) Apache Spark
2 335 (7.21%) Elasticsearch
3 224 (4.82%) Apache
4 132 (2.84%) Confluence
5 117 (2.52%) nginx
6 103 (2.22%) Tomcat
7 90 (1.94%) SAS
8 84 (1.81%) Cloud Foundry
9 73 (1.57%) IIS
10 66 (1.42%) OpenStack
11 62 (1.33%) Apache Solr
12 50 (1.08%) Apache Airflow
13 45 (0.97%) WebSphere
14 31 (0.67%) Jupyter
15 30 (0.65%) Apache Pig
15 30 (0.65%) SharePoint
16 29 (0.62%) Gunicorn
17 21 (0.45%) CMS
18 20 (0.43%) Drupal
19 19 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 168 (3.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 45 (0.97%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 44 (0.95%) MS Visio
4 38 (0.82%) Microsoft Project
5 18 (0.39%) Chatbot
6 16 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
7 6 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.11%) Photoshop
9 3 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.043%) GNU Octave
10 2 (0.043%) HipChat
10 2 (0.043%) InVision
10 2 (0.043%) SPSS
11 1 (0.022%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.022%) GIMP
11 1 (0.022%) Houdini
11 1 (0.022%) LaTeX
11 1 (0.022%) Maya
11 1 (0.022%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 16 (0.34%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 14 (0.30%) ION MarketView
3 8 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
4 7 (0.15%) Unica
5 4 (0.086%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.065%) Sentinel
7 2 (0.043%) Endur
7 2 (0.043%) Magento
7 2 (0.043%) Markit EDM
7 2 (0.043%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.043%) Odoo
7 2 (0.043%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.043%) PolarLake
7 2 (0.043%) ReMetrica
8 1 (0.022%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.022%) FastStats
8 1 (0.022%) Global One
8 1 (0.022%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.022%) Summit
8 1 (0.022%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 1,525 (32.82%) Amazon AWS
2 499 (10.74%) Microsoft Azure
3 374 (8.05%) Google Cloud Platform
4 257 (5.53%) Serverless
5 241 (5.19%) Amazon S3
6 222 (4.78%) GitHub
7 209 (4.50%) Amazon EC2
8 208 (4.48%) AWS CloudFormation
9 207 (4.46%) AWS Lambda
10 154 (3.31%) PaaS
11 126 (2.71%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 113 (2.43%) OpenShift
13 108 (2.32%) Amazon EMR
14 91 (1.96%) IaaS
15 78 (1.68%) SaaS
16 63 (1.36%) Cloud Computing
17 58 (1.25%) Datadog
18 49 (1.05%) npm
19 45 (0.97%) Amazon Kinesis
20 44 (0.95%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 157 (3.38%) Firewall
2 105 (2.26%) HTTP
3 104 (2.24%) SSL
4 88 (1.89%) DNS
5 84 (1.81%) TCP/IP
6 63 (1.36%) Internet
7 45 (0.97%) VPN
8 40 (0.86%) LAN
9 39 (0.84%) WAN
10 37 (0.80%) DHCP
11 34 (0.73%) BGP
12 33 (0.71%) Kerberos
13 29 (0.62%) Wireless
14 28 (0.60%) OSPF
15 27 (0.58%) MPLS
16 26 (0.56%) Network Security
17 21 (0.45%) Multicast
17 21 (0.45%) VLAN
18 20 (0.43%) BIG-IP
19 18 (0.39%) EIGRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 616 (13.26%) Big Data
2 603 (12.98%) Hadoop
3 398 (8.57%) PostgreSQL
4 351 (7.55%) NoSQL
5 310 (6.67%) SQL Server
6 301 (6.48%) Relational Database
7 288 (6.20%) MongoDB
8 279 (6.01%) Apache Hive
9 240 (5.17%) MySQL
10 171 (3.68%) Data Warehouse
11 141 (3.03%) Apache Cassandra
12 139 (2.99%) HBase
13 118 (2.54%) Power BI
14 113 (2.43%) Amazon Redshift
15 112 (2.41%) Impala
16 106 (2.28%) Data Lake
16 106 (2.28%) RDBMS
17 98 (2.11%) Redis
18 92 (1.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 79 (1.70%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 1,015 (21.85%) Jenkins
2 740 (15.93%) Git (software)
3 334 (7.19%) JIRA
4 212 (4.56%) Selenium
5 202 (4.35%) Maven
6 178 (3.83%) TeamCity
7 120 (2.58%) Bitbucket
8 118 (2.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 113 (2.43%) Cucumber
10 104 (2.24%) GitLab
11 101 (2.17%) Sonatype Nexus
12 93 (2.00%) Artifactory
13 90 (1.94%) Subversion
14 88 (1.89%) Visual Studio Team System
15 84 (1.81%) Gatling
15 84 (1.81%) Gradle
16 63 (1.36%) Travis CI
16 63 (1.36%) Vagrant
17 54 (1.16%) Visual Studio
18 52 (1.12%) CircleCI
General
1 1,159 (24.95%) Finance
2 588 (12.66%) Banking
3 323 (6.95%) Front Office
4 204 (4.39%) Retail
5 140 (3.01%) Investment Banking
6 109 (2.35%) Marketing
7 77 (1.66%) Telecoms
8 63 (1.36%) Financial Institution
9 54 (1.16%) Advertising
10 51 (1.10%) Publishing
11 45 (0.97%) Games
12 39 (0.84%) Legal
13 21 (0.45%) Back Office
13 21 (0.45%) Manufacturing
14 11 (0.24%) Electronics
14 11 (0.24%) Law
14 11 (0.24%) Retail Banking
15 9 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
16 6 (0.13%) French Language
17 4 (0.086%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 1,557 (33.51%) Developer
2 934 (20.10%) DevOps Engineer
3 783 (16.85%) Python Developer
4 390 (8.39%) Data Engineer
5 365 (7.86%) AWS Engineer
6 329 (7.08%) Python Engineer
7 281 (6.05%) AWS DevOps
8 255 (5.49%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 232 (4.99%) Architect
9 232 (4.99%) Data Scientist
10 186 (4.00%) Analyst
11 177 (3.81%) Senior Developer
12 169 (3.64%) Software Engineer
13 161 (3.47%) Cloud Engineer
14 137 (2.95%) Big Data Engineer
15 132 (2.84%) C++ Developer
15 132 (2.84%) Java Developer
16 115 (2.48%) Java Engineer
16 115 (2.48%) Senior DevOps
17 110 (2.37%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 363 (7.81%) Node.js
2 348 (7.49%) Kafka
3 342 (7.36%) Web Services
4 337 (7.25%) Django
5 292 (6.28%) React
6 264 (5.68%) HTML
7 235 (5.06%) REST
8 233 (5.02%) NumPy
9 219 (4.71%) Pandas
10 215 (4.63%) CSS
11 214 (4.61%) AngularJS
12 192 (4.13%) Flask
13 170 (3.66%) RESTful
14 156 (3.36%) Elastic Stack
15 155 (3.34%) .NET
16 139 (2.99%) PySpark
17 113 (2.43%) JSON
18 104 (2.24%) TensorFlow
19 95 (2.04%) XML
20 94 (2.02%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 372 (8.01%) Analytical Skills
2 315 (6.78%) Algorithms
3 260 (5.60%) Greenfield Project
4 187 (4.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 167 (3.59%) Derivative
6 133 (2.86%) Data Structures
7 131 (2.82%) Data Centre
7 131 (2.82%) Fixed Income
8 129 (2.78%) Fintech
9 123 (2.65%) Linux Command Line
10 107 (2.30%) Mobile App
11 91 (1.96%) Public Cloud
12 89 (1.92%) Self-Motivation
12 89 (1.92%) User Experience
13 82 (1.76%) Hedge funds
14 66 (1.42%) Equities
15 59 (1.27%) Enterprise Software
16 57 (1.23%) Cloud Native
17 40 (0.86%) Management Information System
18 39 (0.84%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,292 (27.81%) Linux
2 583 (12.55%) Unix
3 423 (9.10%) Windows
4 158 (3.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 110 (2.37%) Android
6 102 (2.20%) Ubuntu
7 86 (1.85%) CentOS
8 85 (1.83%) Apple iOS
9 45 (0.97%) Windows Server
10 24 (0.52%) Solaris
11 22 (0.47%) Mac OS X
12 20 (0.43%) Debian
13 18 (0.39%) CoreOS
14 14 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
15 13 (0.28%) Fedora
16 10 (0.22%) DC/OS
17 8 (0.17%) SUSE
17 8 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
18 7 (0.15%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
19 6 (0.13%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,556 (33.49%) DevOps
2 1,490 (32.07%) Agile Software Development
3 600 (12.91%) Analytics
4 592 (12.74%) Continuous Integration
5 584 (12.57%) Data Science
6 570 (12.27%) Test Automation
7 531 (11.43%) TDD
8 457 (9.84%) Microservices
9 435 (9.36%) Machine Learning
10 417 (8.98%) Open Source
11 398 (8.57%) Software Engineering
12 378 (8.14%) Scrum
13 360 (7.75%) Configuration Management
14 330 (7.10%) Problem-Solving
15 321 (6.91%) ETL
16 311 (6.69%) Computer Science
17 296 (6.37%) OO
18 270 (5.81%) Migration
19 256 (5.51%) Continuous Delivery
20 235 (5.06%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 1,379 (29.68%) Java
2 1,185 (25.51%) SQL
3 734 (15.80%) Bash Shell
4 666 (14.33%) JavaScript
5 574 (12.35%) Ruby
6 504 (10.85%) C++
7 430 (9.26%) C#
8 420 (9.04%) Perl
9 411 (8.85%) Scala
10 375 (8.07%) Go
11 338 (7.28%) R
12 246 (5.29%) PowerShell
13 236 (5.08%) Shell Script
14 164 (3.53%) C
15 122 (2.63%) Groovy
16 118 (2.54%) PHP
17 104 (2.24%) ES6
18 86 (1.85%) VBA
19 83 (1.79%) MATLAB
20 74 (1.59%) Korn
Qualifications
1 332 (7.15%) Degree
2 228 (4.91%) Security Cleared
3 170 (3.66%) SC Cleared
4 131 (2.82%) Computer Science Degree
5 118 (2.54%) PhD
6 101 (2.17%) AWS Certification
7 83 (1.79%) Master's Degree
8 41 (0.88%) Cisco Certification
9 28 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
10 25 (0.54%) CCNP
10 25 (0.54%) RHCE
11 22 (0.47%) DV Cleared
12 21 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
13 18 (0.39%) CCNA
14 17 (0.37%) CISSP
15 14 (0.30%) CCIE
16 11 (0.24%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
17 9 (0.19%) CEH
18 8 (0.17%) CTC Cleared
18 8 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 148 (3.19%) QA
2 43 (0.93%) Data Quality
3 28 (0.60%) GDPR
4 20 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 15 (0.32%) PCI DSS
6 13 (0.28%) SLA
7 8 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 7 (0.15%) HIPAA
9 6 (0.13%) MiFID
9 6 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 5 (0.11%) EMIR
11 4 (0.086%) PMO
12 2 (0.043%) Cyber Essentials
12 2 (0.043%) Disclosure Scotland
12 2 (0.043%) HL7
13 1 (0.022%) FedRAMP
13 1 (0.022%) FISMA
13 1 (0.022%) IFRS
13 1 (0.022%) IFRS 9
13 1 (0.022%) ISAE 3402
System Software
1 1,121 (24.13%) Docker
2 95 (2.04%) HDFS
2 95 (2.04%) VMware Infrastructure
3 56 (1.21%) Apache Flume
4 55 (1.18%) Active Directory
5 48 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
6 37 (0.80%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 29 (0.62%) NFS
8 25 (0.54%) Xen
9 24 (0.52%) VirtualBox
10 23 (0.50%) Hyper-V
11 19 (0.41%) KVM
12 17 (0.37%) etcd
12 17 (0.37%) vSphere
13 15 (0.32%) flannel
14 10 (0.22%) Firmware
15 9 (0.19%) Ceph
16 8 (0.17%) LXC
17 7 (0.15%) GlusterFS
17 7 (0.15%) GPFS
Systems Management
1 987 (21.24%) Ansible
2 781 (16.81%) Kubernetes
3 743 (15.99%) Terraform
4 583 (12.55%) Puppet
5 528 (11.36%) Opscode Chef
6 143 (3.08%) Packer
7 111 (2.39%) Prometheus
8 106 (2.28%) Hadoop YARN
9 95 (2.04%) Nagios
10 88 (1.89%) Mesos
11 85 (1.83%) Kibana
12 73 (1.57%) logstash
13 71 (1.53%) Salt
14 64 (1.38%) Grafana
15 57 (1.23%) ZABBIX
16 48 (1.03%) Consul
17 46 (0.99%) Docker Swarm
17 46 (0.99%) Single Sign-On
18 41 (0.88%) Rancher
19 36 (0.77%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 356 (7.66%) Oracle
2 343 (7.38%) Google
3 336 (7.23%) Splunk
4 244 (5.25%) Microsoft
5 191 (4.11%) Red Hat
6 179 (3.85%) Tableau
7 148 (3.19%) Cloudera
8 121 (2.60%) VMware
9 94 (2.02%) New Relic
10 79 (1.70%) Cisco
11 73 (1.57%) IBM
12 68 (1.46%) Alteryx
13 65 (1.40%) Atlassian
14 64 (1.38%) Hortonworks
15 59 (1.27%) ServiceNow
16 55 (1.18%) SaltStack
17 52 (1.12%) Informatica
18 43 (0.93%) SAP
19 42 (0.90%) AppDynamics
20 41 (0.88%) F5