Period
to 25 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 25 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
25 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 10 14
Rank change year-on-year +4 +4 0
Contract jobs citing Python 2,122 4,746 4,424
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 15.84% 12.28% 9.64%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.33% 25.92% 19.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,680 3,454 3,256
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £375 £413 £413
90th Percentile £750 £725 £700
England median daily rate £525 £538 £525
% change year-on-year -2.33% +2.38% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 37 38
Median hourly rate £35.50 £45.00 £43.63
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.11% +3.15% +43.62%
10th Percentile £35.00 £26.30 £13.03
90th Percentile £39.64 £55.20 £60.72
England median hourly rate £35.00 £46.50 £41.50
% change year-on-year -24.73% +12.05% +2.47%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 6,773 18,313 23,094
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 50.54% 47.38% 50.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,710 13,838 17,596
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £352 £363 £363
90th Percentile £738 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 71 118 146
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +16.13% +7.92%
10th Percentile £22.50 £20.72 £18.00
90th Percentile £51.75 £60.90 £62.72
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.13
% change year-on-year -22.22% +6.82% +5.31%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 25 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 25 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 25 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 253 £525 -5.41% 281
West London -6 42 £565 +13.00% 61
South London +5 37 £433 -17.62% 24
East London +4 23 £388 -29.55% 31
Python
England

For the 6 months to 25 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 877 (41.33%) AWS
2 829 (39.07%) Java
3 820 (38.64%) Finance
4 806 (37.98%) Agile Software Development
5 692 (32.61%) SQL
6 676 (31.86%) DevOps
7 555 (26.15%) Azure
8 503 (23.70%) Web Services
9 490 (23.09%) Software Engineering
10 488 (23.00%) Banking
11 483 (22.76%) JavaScript
12 463 (21.82%) Asset Management
13 453 (21.35%) Kubernetes
14 432 (20.36%) Front Office
15 405 (19.09%) GCP
16 399 (18.80%) Linux
17 390 (18.38%) Derivative
18 387 (18.24%) Fixed Income
19 386 (18.19%) Docker
20 372 (17.53%) Jenkins
21 364 (17.15%) Hedge funds
22 323 (15.22%) Investment Management
23 313 (14.75%) Serverless
24 312 (14.70%) Analytics
24 312 (14.70%) Equities
25 296 (13.95%) Microservices
26 284 (13.38%) Git (software)
27 282 (13.29%) AngularJS
28 279 (13.15%) Terraform
29 276 (13.01%) React

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 162 (7.63%) Apache Spark
2 145 (6.83%) Apache
3 81 (3.82%) Elasticsearch
4 67 (3.16%) Confluence
5 44 (2.07%) Tomcat
6 39 (1.84%) Cloud Foundry
7 22 (1.04%) Jupyter
8 20 (0.94%) Apache Airflow
8 20 (0.94%) CMS
9 19 (0.90%) SAS
10 17 (0.80%) nginx
11 16 (0.75%) SharePoint
12 15 (0.71%) Apache Pig
13 14 (0.66%) IIS
13 14 (0.66%) OpenStack
14 10 (0.47%) JBoss
15 8 (0.38%) Apache Solr
16 6 (0.28%) MQSeries
17 5 (0.24%) Jetty
17 5 (0.24%) WebLogic
Applications
1 68 (3.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (0.52%) Chatbot
4 9 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.28%) MS Visio
6 4 (0.19%) Maya
7 2 (0.094%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.047%) Blender
8 1 (0.047%) Notepad++
8 1 (0.047%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 27 (1.27%) Markit EDM
2 26 (1.23%) Eagle PACE
3 12 (0.57%) SunGard Martini
4 5 (0.24%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 4 (0.19%) ContrOCC
5 4 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
5 4 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 3 (0.14%) Oracle 11i
6 3 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.094%) Aligne
7 2 (0.094%) Oracle Payables
7 2 (0.094%) Orchestrade
8 1 (0.047%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.047%) FINCAD Analytics
8 1 (0.047%) Maximo
8 1 (0.047%) OpenText Process Suite
8 1 (0.047%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 877 (41.33%) AWS
2 555 (26.15%) Azure
3 405 (19.09%) GCP
4 313 (14.75%) Serverless
5 271 (12.77%) AWS Lambda
6 156 (7.35%) Amazon ECS
7 155 (7.30%) Amazon S3
8 153 (7.21%) Amazon EC2
9 109 (5.14%) OpenShift
10 105 (4.95%) AWS CloudFormation
11 72 (3.39%) Apigee
12 70 (3.30%) Power Platform
13 65 (3.06%) Amazon SQS
14 42 (1.98%) Cloud Computing
15 40 (1.89%) GitHub
16 38 (1.79%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 33 (1.56%) PaaS
18 30 (1.41%) SaaS
19 29 (1.37%) Azure Data Factory
19 29 (1.37%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 60 (2.83%) DNS
2 56 (2.64%) Firewall
3 50 (2.36%) HTTP
4 32 (1.51%) TCP/IP
5 29 (1.37%) DHCP
6 23 (1.08%) VPN
7 22 (1.04%) Network Security
7 22 (1.04%) SSL
8 21 (0.99%) BGP
9 14 (0.66%) MPLS
9 14 (0.66%) SSH
10 13 (0.61%) Kerberos
11 12 (0.57%) SNMP
11 12 (0.57%) WAN
12 11 (0.52%) FTP
13 10 (0.47%) Internet
13 10 (0.47%) VLAN
13 10 (0.47%) VRRP
14 9 (0.42%) LAN
14 9 (0.42%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 210 (9.90%) SQL Server
2 205 (9.66%) PostgreSQL
3 201 (9.47%) Big Data
4 179 (8.44%) Amazon Redshift
4 179 (8.44%) MySQL
5 148 (6.97%) Hadoop
6 128 (6.03%) Data Warehouse
7 114 (5.37%) NoSQL
8 106 (5.00%) Amazon RDS
9 88 (4.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 88 (4.15%) MongoDB
9 88 (4.15%) Relational Database
10 69 (3.25%) Power BI
11 56 (2.64%) Apache Hive
12 48 (2.26%) Data Lake
13 42 (1.98%) Redis
14 35 (1.65%) Oracle Database
14 35 (1.65%) RDBMS
15 30 (1.41%) BigQuery
16 29 (1.37%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 372 (17.53%) Jenkins
2 284 (13.38%) Git (software)
3 149 (7.02%) Artifactory
4 147 (6.93%) GitLab
5 130 (6.13%) JIRA
6 93 (4.38%) RStudio
7 46 (2.17%) TeamCity
8 34 (1.60%) Maven
8 34 (1.60%) Subversion
9 33 (1.56%) Cucumber
10 30 (1.41%) Vagrant
11 26 (1.23%) CircleCI
11 26 (1.23%) Selenium
12 25 (1.18%) Bitbucket
13 23 (1.08%) Gradle
13 23 (1.08%) JUnit
14 19 (0.90%) Sonatype Nexus
15 16 (0.75%) Octopus Deploy
16 14 (0.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 14 (0.66%) Visual Studio
General
1 820 (38.64%) Finance
2 488 (23.00%) Banking
3 432 (20.36%) Front Office
4 256 (12.06%) Investment Banking
5 84 (3.96%) Back Office
6 58 (2.73%) Public Sector
7 39 (1.84%) Marketing
8 35 (1.65%) Telecoms
9 28 (1.32%) Retail
10 24 (1.13%) French Language
11 22 (1.04%) Games
12 21 (0.99%) Financial Institution
13 18 (0.85%) Law
14 17 (0.80%) Electronics
15 16 (0.75%) Manufacturing
16 13 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
17 12 (0.57%) Legal
18 8 (0.38%) Advertising
19 7 (0.33%) Retail Banking
20 6 (0.28%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 913 (43.03%) Developer
2 425 (20.03%) Python Developer
3 248 (11.69%) AWS Engineer
4 234 (11.03%) Python Engineer
5 214 (10.08%) Software Engineer
6 203 (9.57%) DevOps Engineer
7 197 (9.28%) AWS Developer
8 183 (8.62%) Data Engineer
9 178 (8.39%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 148 (6.97%) Java Developer
11 133 (6.27%) Analyst
12 121 (5.70%) Architect
13 118 (5.56%) JavaScript Developer
14 105 (4.95%) Java Engineer
15 91 (4.29%) AWS Software Engineer
15 91 (4.29%) Senior Developer
16 87 (4.10%) Java Software Developer
17 79 (3.72%) Python Software Engineer
18 78 (3.68%) Cloud Engineer
18 78 (3.68%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 503 (23.70%) Web Services
2 282 (13.29%) AngularJS
3 276 (13.01%) React
4 163 (7.68%) Vue.js
5 162 (7.63%) Node.js
6 140 (6.60%) .NET
7 128 (6.03%) HTML
8 116 (5.47%) REST
9 109 (5.14%) Kafka
10 106 (5.00%) gRPC
11 96 (4.52%) Django
12 92 (4.34%) CSS
13 90 (4.24%) Pandas
14 89 (4.19%) PySpark
15 84 (3.96%) Swagger
16 81 (3.82%) OAuth
17 68 (3.20%) RESTful
17 68 (3.20%) Spring
18 65 (3.06%) Flask
19 49 (2.31%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 390 (18.38%) Derivative
2 387 (18.24%) Fixed Income
3 364 (17.15%) Hedge funds
4 312 (14.70%) Equities
5 243 (11.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 158 (7.45%) Analytical Skills
7 128 (6.03%) Greenfield Project
8 78 (3.68%) Algorithms
9 67 (3.16%) User Experience
10 61 (2.87%) Cloud Native
11 58 (2.73%) Mobile App
12 57 (2.69%) Linux Command Line
13 52 (2.45%) Blog
14 41 (1.93%) Reference Data
15 39 (1.84%) Credit Derivative
16 36 (1.70%) Data Structures
17 32 (1.51%) Public Cloud
18 30 (1.41%) Self-Motivation
19 28 (1.32%) Management Information System
20 25 (1.18%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 399 (18.80%) Linux
2 119 (5.61%) Unix
3 117 (5.51%) Windows
4 46 (2.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 44 (2.07%) CentOS
6 32 (1.51%) Apple iOS
7 30 (1.41%) Android
8 23 (1.08%) Windows Server
9 20 (0.94%) Ubuntu
10 19 (0.90%) Debian
11 17 (0.80%) Mac OS X
12 10 (0.47%) Windows Server 2016
13 7 (0.33%) Mac OS
14 5 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
14 5 (0.24%) Solaris
15 4 (0.19%) CoreOS
15 4 (0.19%) Fedora
15 4 (0.19%) Windows Server 2019
16 3 (0.14%) Windows 10
17 2 (0.094%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 806 (37.98%) Agile Software Development
2 676 (31.86%) DevOps
3 490 (23.09%) Software Engineering
4 463 (21.82%) Asset Management
5 323 (15.22%) Investment Management
6 312 (14.70%) Analytics
7 296 (13.95%) Microservices
8 238 (11.22%) Data Science
9 208 (9.80%) Machine Learning
10 183 (8.62%) Test Automation
11 166 (7.82%) Scrum
12 149 (7.02%) Decision-Making
12 149 (7.02%) Open Source
13 132 (6.22%) Visualisation
14 123 (5.80%) TDD
15 122 (5.75%) Continuous Integration
16 120 (5.66%) Business Intelligence
17 115 (5.42%) Problem-Solving
18 113 (5.33%) Computer Science
19 111 (5.23%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 829 (39.07%) Java
2 692 (32.61%) SQL
3 483 (22.76%) JavaScript
4 214 (10.08%) R
5 205 (9.66%) C++
6 188 (8.86%) C#
7 183 (8.62%) Bash Shell
8 121 (5.70%) Ruby
9 117 (5.51%) Perl
10 102 (4.81%) Scala
11 97 (4.57%) Kotlin
12 93 (4.38%) Go
13 90 (4.24%) PowerShell
14 85 (4.01%) TypeScript
15 77 (3.63%) Shell Script
16 74 (3.49%) VBA
17 67 (3.16%) C
18 42 (1.98%) Groovy
19 35 (1.65%) PHP
20 32 (1.51%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 186 (8.77%) Security Cleared
2 153 (7.21%) SC Cleared
3 140 (6.60%) Degree
4 44 (2.07%) Computer Science Degree
5 27 (1.27%) DV Cleared
6 25 (1.18%) AWS Certification
6 25 (1.18%) Numerate Degree
6 25 (1.18%) Sun Certification
7 18 (0.85%) Master's Degree
8 17 (0.80%) PhD
9 13 (0.61%) BPSS Clearance
10 12 (0.57%) Cisco Certification
11 9 (0.42%) CCIE
11 9 (0.42%) TOGAF Certification
12 8 (0.38%) PMI Certification
13 6 (0.28%) CCNP
13 6 (0.28%) CompTIA Security+
13 6 (0.28%) DBS Check
13 6 (0.28%) GCFA
14 5 (0.24%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (3.44%) QA
2 36 (1.70%) Data Quality
3 15 (0.71%) GDPR
4 10 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 9 (0.42%) PCI DSS
5 9 (0.42%) SLA
6 8 (0.38%) HIPAA
7 7 (0.33%) Cyber Essentials
8 5 (0.24%) PSD2
9 2 (0.094%) ISO 20022
9 2 (0.094%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.094%) ISO/IEC 17025
9 2 (0.094%) NIST
9 2 (0.094%) SEPA
10 1 (0.047%) CDISC
10 1 (0.047%) MiFID
10 1 (0.047%) PMO
10 1 (0.047%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.047%) TARGET2
System Software
1 386 (18.19%) Docker
2 32 (1.51%) Active Directory
3 26 (1.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (0.71%) Virtual Machines
5 13 (0.61%) HDFS
6 6 (0.28%) VMware NSX
6 6 (0.28%) vSphere
7 5 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 5 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
8 4 (0.19%) KVM
9 3 (0.14%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
9 3 (0.14%) Gluster
9 3 (0.14%) GridGain
9 3 (0.14%) oVirt
9 3 (0.14%) vCloud
9 3 (0.14%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 2 (0.094%) Varnish
10 2 (0.094%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.094%) VirtualBox
10 2 (0.094%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 453 (21.35%) Kubernetes
2 279 (13.15%) Terraform
3 239 (11.26%) Ansible
4 114 (5.37%) Puppet
5 88 (4.15%) Opscode Chef
6 44 (2.07%) Prometheus
7 38 (1.79%) Kibana
8 34 (1.60%) Salt
9 26 (1.23%) Grafana
9 26 (1.23%) Nagios
10 25 (1.18%) Packer
11 22 (1.04%) logstash
12 14 (0.66%) Rundeck
13 13 (0.61%) Consul
14 7 (0.33%) Hadoop YARN
15 6 (0.28%) Istio
16 5 (0.24%) BladeLogic
16 5 (0.24%) Oozie
16 5 (0.24%) Rancher
17 4 (0.19%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 273 (12.87%) Google
2 184 (8.67%) Oracle
3 126 (5.94%) Microsoft
4 103 (4.85%) Splunk
5 85 (4.01%) Tableau
6 65 (3.06%) Databricks
7 63 (2.97%) Bloomberg
8 51 (2.40%) Cloudera
9 46 (2.17%) Red Hat
10 45 (2.12%) MuleSoft
11 36 (1.70%) VMware
12 34 (1.60%) AppDynamics
13 30 (1.41%) Reuters
14 28 (1.32%) SAP
15 27 (1.27%) FactSet
15 27 (1.27%) Sybase
16 26 (1.23%) Hortonworks
17 25 (1.18%) SaltStack
18 22 (1.04%) Atlassian
19 21 (0.99%) Cisco