Period
to 17 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 17 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
17 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 14 23 39
Rank change year-on-year +9 +16 +16
Contract jobs citing Python 4238 3107 2102
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 9.05% 6.86% 4.45%
As % of the Programming Languages category 18.65% 15.33% 10.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 3268 2277 1601
London median daily rate £538 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.50% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £400 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £675
England median daily rate £513 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +7.89% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 18 22
London median hourly rate £29.00 £27.34 £27.12
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.07% +0.83% -9.62%
10th Percentile £25.25 £14.15 £21.08
90th Percentile £47.50 £40.97 £51.74
England median hourly rate £40.00 £39.13 £39.00
% change year-on-year +2.24% +0.32% +22.83%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 22724 20264 20484
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 48.53% 44.74% 43.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 17217 15149 15282
London median daily rate £500 £465 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.53% +3.33% +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £313 £300
90th Percentile £668 £633 £638
England median daily rate £455 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +7.06% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 154 115 144
London median hourly rate £35.91 £35.27 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.81% +41.06% -15.94%
10th Percentile £18.02 £16.32 £13.65
90th Percentile £52.35 £62.00 £52.17
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.00
% change year-on-year +6.67% +1.35% +23.33%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 17 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 17 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 17 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -2 695 £550 +4.76% 153
West London +3 175 £503 +18.24% 27
East London +27 88 £513 -2.38% 15
South London -2 72 £550 - 2
North London -10 5 £375 +3.45% 3
Python
England

For the 6 months to 17 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1663 (39.24%) Java
2 1590 (37.52%) Linux
3 1393 (32.87%) Agile Software Development
4 1389 (32.77%) DevOps
5 1208 (28.50%) Amazon AWS
6 1047 (24.71%) Finance
7 1027 (24.23%) SQL
8 851 (20.08%) Docker
9 836 (19.73%) Jenkins
10 727 (17.15%) Ruby
11 723 (17.06%) Ansible
12 722 (17.04%) Unix
13 690 (16.28%) Git (software)
14 685 (16.16%) Banking
15 680 (16.05%) Bash Shell
16 672 (15.86%) JavaScript
17 661 (15.60%) Puppet
18 645 (15.22%) Continuous Integration
19 545 (12.86%) TDD
20 534 (12.60%) C++
20 534 (12.60%) Big Data
21 505 (11.92%) Configuration Management
22 471 (11.11%) Analytics
23 470 (11.09%) Hadoop
24 461 (10.88%) C#
25 449 (10.59%) Terraform
26 439 (10.36%) Apache Spark
27 429 (10.12%) Perl
28 420 (9.91%) Front Office
29 419 (9.89%) Analytical Skills

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 439 (10.36%) Apache Spark
2 225 (5.31%) Apache
3 199 (4.70%) Elasticsearch
4 172 (4.06%) nginx
5 166 (3.92%) Confluence
6 125 (2.95%) Tomcat
7 98 (2.31%) OpenStack
8 67 (1.58%) IIS
9 61 (1.44%) Cloud Foundry
10 58 (1.37%) Apache Pig
11 52 (1.23%) SAS
12 45 (1.06%) Apache Solr
13 40 (0.94%) CMS
14 39 (0.92%) JBoss
15 19 (0.45%) Jupyter
16 17 (0.40%) Apache Airflow
17 16 (0.38%) WebSphere
18 14 (0.33%) Jetty
19 13 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 13 (0.31%) WebLogic
Applications
1 120 (2.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 38 (0.90%) Spreadsheet
3 21 (0.50%) HipChat
4 19 (0.45%) SPSS
5 13 (0.31%) Chatbot
6 10 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
7 9 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 9 (0.21%) Photoshop
8 6 (0.14%) Weka
9 4 (0.094%) Microsoft Project
9 4 (0.094%) MS Visio
10 2 (0.047%) Doxygen
10 2 (0.047%) GIMP
10 2 (0.047%) Stata
11 1 (0.024%) Adobe After Effects
11 1 (0.024%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.024%) CINEMA 4D
11 1 (0.024%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 25 (0.59%) RMDS
2 21 (0.50%) ION MarketView
3 7 (0.17%) Odoo
4 6 (0.14%) SunGard GMI
4 6 (0.14%) Temenos T24
5 5 (0.12%) Magento
6 3 (0.071%) BondVision
6 3 (0.071%) Dynamics NAV
6 3 (0.071%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.047%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.047%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.047%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.047%) R3 Corda
7 2 (0.047%) Relativity
8 1 (0.024%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.024%) AquaLogic BPM
8 1 (0.024%) Front Arena
8 1 (0.024%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.024%) Summit
8 1 (0.024%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 1208 (28.50%) Amazon AWS
2 261 (6.16%) Microsoft Azure
3 226 (5.33%) GitHub
4 162 (3.82%) AWS CloudFormation
5 154 (3.63%) Amazon EC2
6 153 (3.61%) Amazon S3
7 130 (3.07%) Google Cloud Platform
8 116 (2.74%) Serverless
9 110 (2.60%) PaaS
10 90 (2.12%) IaaS
11 89 (2.10%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 87 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
13 66 (1.56%) AWS Lambda
13 66 (1.56%) Route 53
14 63 (1.49%) SaaS
15 55 (1.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 50 (1.18%) Amazon EMR
17 48 (1.13%) OpenShift
18 43 (1.01%) npm
19 42 (0.99%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 227 (5.36%) TCP/IP
2 188 (4.44%) HTTP
3 149 (3.52%) Firewall
4 133 (3.14%) DNS
5 130 (3.07%) SSL
6 61 (1.44%) LDAP
7 52 (1.23%) Internet
8 51 (1.20%) Network Security
9 40 (0.94%) Kerberos
10 37 (0.87%) DHCP
10 37 (0.87%) LAN
11 34 (0.80%) HTTPS
12 29 (0.68%) VPN
13 24 (0.57%) BIG-IP
14 22 (0.52%) SAN
14 22 (0.52%) WAN
15 19 (0.45%) NAS
16 18 (0.42%) DSL
17 17 (0.40%) IPsec
18 16 (0.38%) ICMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 534 (12.60%) Big Data
2 470 (11.09%) Hadoop
3 374 (8.82%) NoSQL
4 367 (8.66%) PostgreSQL
5 344 (8.12%) MySQL
6 308 (7.27%) Relational Database
7 296 (6.98%) SQL Server
8 284 (6.70%) MongoDB
9 210 (4.96%) Apache Hive
10 168 (3.96%) RDBMS
11 148 (3.49%) Apache Cassandra
12 129 (3.04%) Data Warehouse
13 121 (2.86%) HBase
14 102 (2.41%) Amazon RDS
15 72 (1.70%) Amazon Redshift
15 72 (1.70%) Oracle Database
16 71 (1.68%) Data Mining
17 58 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 50 (1.18%) Redis
19 47 (1.11%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 836 (19.73%) Jenkins
2 690 (16.28%) Git (software)
3 322 (7.60%) JIRA
4 211 (4.98%) Maven
5 133 (3.14%) Subversion
6 115 (2.71%) TeamCity
7 109 (2.57%) Sonatype Nexus
8 107 (2.52%) Cucumber
9 96 (2.27%) Selenium
10 89 (2.10%) Artifactory
11 87 (2.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 76 (1.79%) Bitbucket
13 66 (1.56%) Vagrant
14 64 (1.51%) Gradle
15 59 (1.39%) Ant
16 48 (1.13%) JUnit
17 44 (1.04%) gulp
18 41 (0.97%) Team Foundation Server
19 40 (0.94%) Grunt
20 38 (0.90%) Travis CI
General
1 1047 (24.71%) Finance
2 685 (16.16%) Banking
3 420 (9.91%) Front Office
4 328 (7.74%) Investment Banking
5 159 (3.75%) Marketing
6 112 (2.64%) Retail
7 100 (2.36%) Telecoms
8 71 (1.68%) Electronics
9 54 (1.27%) Publishing
10 53 (1.25%) Manufacturing
11 48 (1.13%) Financial Institution
12 44 (1.04%) Games
13 32 (0.76%) Retail Banking
14 29 (0.68%) Advertising
15 19 (0.45%) Back Office
16 18 (0.42%) French Language
17 14 (0.33%) Law
18 13 (0.31%) Billing
18 13 (0.31%) Legal
19 11 (0.26%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 1639 (38.67%) Developer
2 795 (18.76%) DevOps Engineer
3 727 (17.15%) Python Developer
4 340 (8.02%) AWS Engineer
5 302 (7.13%) AWS DevOps
6 264 (6.23%) Java Developer
7 256 (6.04%) Analyst
7 256 (6.04%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 234 (5.52%) Data Engineer
9 224 (5.29%) Data Scientist
10 217 (5.12%) Senior Developer
11 199 (4.70%) Linux Engineer
12 177 (4.18%) C++ Developer
13 150 (3.54%) Architect
14 140 (3.30%) Cloud Engineer
15 138 (3.26%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 132 (3.11%) Big Data Engineer
17 116 (2.74%) Linux DevOps Engineer
18 112 (2.64%) Senior Python Developer
19 104 (2.45%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 386 (9.11%) Web Services
2 373 (8.80%) Node.js
3 327 (7.72%) HTML
4 255 (6.02%) CSS
5 245 (5.78%) Django
6 243 (5.73%) Kafka
7 230 (5.43%) REST
8 217 (5.12%) Elastic Stack
9 209 (4.93%) RESTful
10 195 (4.60%) .NET
11 189 (4.46%) AngularJS
12 186 (4.39%) Flask
13 176 (4.15%) XML
14 168 (3.96%) HTML5
15 164 (3.87%) JSON
16 152 (3.59%) React
17 126 (2.97%) Spring
18 102 (2.41%) Pandas
19 99 (2.34%) jQuery
20 89 (2.10%) PySpark
Miscellaneous
1 419 (9.89%) Analytical Skills
2 274 (6.47%) Computer Science
3 216 (5.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 200 (4.72%) Fixed Income
5 184 (4.34%) Algorithms
6 174 (4.11%) Greenfield Project
7 172 (4.06%) Derivative
8 107 (2.52%) Fintech
9 100 (2.36%) Data Structures
10 79 (1.86%) Credit Risk
11 78 (1.84%) Public Cloud
12 77 (1.82%) Equities
13 67 (1.58%) User Experience
14 66 (1.56%) Data Centre
15 59 (1.39%) Linux Command Line
15 59 (1.39%) Market Risk
16 43 (1.01%) Enterprise Software
17 41 (0.97%) PKI
18 40 (0.94%) Clustering
19 38 (0.90%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 1590 (37.52%) Linux
2 722 (17.04%) Unix
3 415 (9.79%) Windows
4 194 (4.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 134 (3.16%) CentOS
6 101 (2.38%) Ubuntu
7 69 (1.63%) Android
7 69 (1.63%) Solaris
8 45 (1.06%) Apple iOS
8 45 (1.06%) Windows Server
9 41 (0.97%) Mac OS X
10 34 (0.80%) CoreOS
10 34 (0.80%) Windows 7
11 31 (0.73%) Mac OS
12 26 (0.61%) AIX
13 23 (0.54%) Debian
14 13 (0.31%) Windows 10
15 12 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
16 10 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
17 9 (0.21%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1393 (32.87%) Agile Software Development
2 1389 (32.77%) DevOps
3 645 (15.22%) Continuous Integration
4 545 (12.86%) TDD
5 505 (11.92%) Configuration Management
6 471 (11.11%) Analytics
7 419 (9.89%) Open Source
8 393 (9.27%) Test Automation
9 374 (8.82%) Machine Learning
10 315 (7.43%) Scrum
11 306 (7.22%) Microservices
12 304 (7.17%) Software Engineering
13 280 (6.61%) OO
14 235 (5.55%) Mathematics
15 231 (5.45%) BDD
16 213 (5.03%) Business Intelligence
17 208 (4.91%) Continuous Delivery
18 203 (4.79%) SDLC
19 189 (4.46%) Visualisation
20 165 (3.89%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 1663 (39.24%) Java
2 1027 (24.23%) SQL
3 727 (17.15%) Ruby
4 680 (16.05%) Bash Shell
5 672 (15.86%) JavaScript
6 534 (12.60%) C++
7 461 (10.88%) C#
8 429 (10.12%) Perl
9 390 (9.20%) Scala
10 326 (7.69%) R
11 288 (6.80%) Go
12 232 (5.47%) Shell Script
13 167 (3.94%) PHP
14 144 (3.40%) PowerShell
14 144 (3.40%) VBA
15 125 (2.95%) Groovy
16 117 (2.76%) C
17 78 (1.84%) Korn
18 66 (1.56%) T-SQL
19 49 (1.16%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 299 (7.06%) Degree
2 275 (6.49%) Security Cleared
3 187 (4.41%) SC Cleared
4 95 (2.24%) Computer Science Degree
5 77 (1.82%) PhD
6 46 (1.09%) Master's Degree
7 40 (0.94%) AWS Certification
8 33 (0.78%) Numerate Degree
9 23 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
10 22 (0.52%) DV Cleared
11 21 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
11 21 (0.50%) RHCE
12 18 (0.42%) CTC Cleared
13 15 (0.35%) CISSP
13 15 (0.35%) CREST Certified
14 14 (0.33%) CCSP
15 13 (0.31%) ISTQB
16 11 (0.26%) CISM
17 10 (0.24%) CEH
17 10 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 154 (3.63%) QA
2 52 (1.23%) MiFID
3 30 (0.71%) GCP
4 26 (0.61%) Disclosure Scotland
5 24 (0.57%) Data Quality
6 13 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 12 (0.28%) PCI DSS
8 8 (0.19%) Actionable Recommendations
8 8 (0.19%) SLA
9 6 (0.14%) EMIR
10 5 (0.12%) AS 2805
10 5 (0.12%) ISO 8583
10 5 (0.12%) OASIS TOSCA
10 5 (0.12%) Solvency II
11 3 (0.071%) IFRS
11 3 (0.071%) IFRS 9
12 2 (0.047%) COBIT
12 2 (0.047%) GDPR
13 1 (0.024%) GPG for Computer-Based Electronic Evidence
13 1 (0.024%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 851 (20.08%) Docker
2 106 (2.50%) HDFS
3 80 (1.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 76 (1.79%) Apache Flume
5 49 (1.16%) Active Directory
6 31 (0.73%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 26 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
8 19 (0.45%) KVM
9 18 (0.42%) NFS
10 17 (0.40%) Varnish
11 16 (0.38%) etcd
11 16 (0.38%) Hyper-V
12 15 (0.35%) Samba
13 12 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
14 8 (0.19%) Firmware
14 8 (0.19%) LXC
15 7 (0.17%) GPFS
15 7 (0.17%) Platform Symphony
15 7 (0.17%) vCloud
16 6 (0.14%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 723 (17.06%) Ansible
2 661 (15.60%) Puppet
3 449 (10.59%) Terraform
4 397 (9.37%) Kubernetes
5 393 (9.27%) Opscode Chef
6 131 (3.09%) logstash
7 109 (2.57%) Kibana
8 87 (2.05%) Packer
9 76 (1.79%) Nagios
10 65 (1.53%) Hadoop YARN
11 63 (1.49%) Grafana
11 63 (1.49%) Oozie
12 60 (1.42%) Mesos
13 59 (1.39%) Consul
14 53 (1.25%) Ambari
14 53 (1.25%) Salt
15 47 (1.11%) ITRS Geneos
16 45 (1.06%) ZABBIX
17 41 (0.97%) Rancher
18 36 (0.85%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 325 (7.67%) Oracle
2 209 (4.93%) Microsoft
3 186 (4.39%) Red Hat
4 182 (4.29%) Splunk
5 157 (3.70%) Google
6 151 (3.56%) VMware
7 150 (3.54%) Tableau
8 95 (2.24%) Atlassian
9 92 (2.17%) TIBCO
10 84 (1.98%) Cloudera
11 78 (1.84%) IBM
12 76 (1.79%) SAP
13 67 (1.58%) Sybase
14 48 (1.13%) Hortonworks
15 44 (1.04%) SaltStack
16 41 (0.97%) ServiceNow
17 36 (0.85%) Cisco
18 31 (0.73%) AppDynamics
18 31 (0.73%) F5
18 31 (0.73%) HP