Period
to 2 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 2 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
2 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 9 12
Rank change year-on-year +2 +3 +2
Contract jobs citing Python 2,834 3,409 4,565
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 14.24% 12.35% 10.50%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.14% 25.98% 21.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,648 2,531 3,385
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £400 £413 £404
90th Percentile £713 £725 £713
England median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 35 28
Median hourly rate £33.69 £47.83 £41.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -29.56% +14.22% +44.40%
10th Percentile £24.75 £10.90 £22.96
90th Percentile £56.88 £58.10 £54.58
England median hourly rate £34.54 £44.51 £45.00
% change year-on-year -22.40% -1.09% +12.50%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 9,727 13,124 21,350
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 48.87% 47.55% 49.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,147 9,843 16,300
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £350 £369 £363
90th Percentile £700 £688 £676
England median daily rate £490 £490 £485
% change year-on-year - +1.03% +2.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 69 93 99
Median hourly rate £40.00 £47.83 £36.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.37% +30.43% +26.45%
10th Percentile £21.63 £18.71 £18.70
90th Percentile £68.36 £64.65 £53.75
Median hourly rate £42.50 £44.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -3.41% +3.53% +6.25%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 2 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 319 £550 - 395
West London +6 57 £530 +6.00% 123
South London -6 26 £530 +0.95% 25
East London +6 14 £500 -9.09% 77
Python
England

For the 6 months to 2 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,093 (38.57%) AWS
2 994 (35.07%) Agile Software Development
3 895 (31.58%) Finance
4 830 (29.29%) SQL
5 823 (29.04%) Java
6 805 (28.41%) Azure
7 763 (26.92%) DevOps
8 661 (23.32%) JavaScript
9 620 (21.88%) Software Engineering
10 569 (20.08%) Kubernetes
11 518 (18.28%) Linux
12 513 (18.10%) Docker
13 465 (16.41%) Terraform
14 459 (16.20%) Front Office
15 439 (15.49%) React
16 436 (15.38%) GCP
17 433 (15.28%) Web Services
18 430 (15.17%) Analytics
19 408 (14.40%) Jenkins
20 383 (13.51%) Serverless
20 383 (13.51%) Asset Management
21 355 (12.53%) Git (software)
22 333 (11.75%) Banking
23 331 (11.68%) Ansible
24 304 (10.73%) Microservices
25 293 (10.34%) Node.js
26 292 (10.30%) Data Science
27 280 (9.88%) Derivative
28 279 (9.84%) Test Automation
29 278 (9.81%) AngularJS

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 253 (8.93%) Apache Spark
2 166 (5.86%) Apache
3 97 (3.42%) Confluence
4 72 (2.54%) Apache Airflow
5 50 (1.76%) Elasticsearch
6 45 (1.59%) Jupyter
7 35 (1.24%) BizTalk Server
8 34 (1.20%) Cloud Foundry
9 33 (1.16%) SAS
10 29 (1.02%) SharePoint
11 25 (0.88%) nginx
12 19 (0.67%) Tomcat
13 16 (0.56%) CMS
14 11 (0.39%) JBoss
15 10 (0.35%) Apache Pig
16 9 (0.32%) IIS
17 8 (0.28%) OpenStack
17 8 (0.28%) Oracle Coherence
18 7 (0.25%) Tornado
19 6 (0.21%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 42 (1.48%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.14%) Chatbot
5 4 (0.14%) SPSS
6 3 (0.11%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.071%) Maya
7 2 (0.071%) Stata
8 1 (0.035%) Adobe After Effects
8 1 (0.035%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.035%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.035%) CINEMA 4D
8 1 (0.035%) Final Cut Pro
8 1 (0.035%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.035%) Notepad++
8 1 (0.035%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.035%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 15 (0.53%) Markit EDM
2 14 (0.49%) Eagle PACE
3 6 (0.21%) ION MarketView
3 6 (0.21%) SunGard Martini
4 4 (0.14%) FINCAD Analytics
5 2 (0.071%) ContrOCC
5 2 (0.071%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.071%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.071%) SAP CRM
5 2 (0.071%) Sentinel
5 2 (0.071%) Sonata
6 1 (0.035%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.035%) IntelliMatch
6 1 (0.035%) Maximo
6 1 (0.035%) OpenText Process Suite
6 1 (0.035%) PolarLake
6 1 (0.035%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
6 1 (0.035%) RMDS
6 1 (0.035%) SAP FI
6 1 (0.035%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 1,093 (38.57%) AWS
2 805 (28.41%) Azure
3 436 (15.38%) GCP
4 383 (13.51%) Serverless
5 262 (9.24%) AWS Lambda
6 175 (6.18%) Amazon S3
7 141 (4.98%) Amazon EC2
8 129 (4.55%) GitHub
9 104 (3.67%) Power Platform
10 82 (2.89%) AWS CloudFormation
11 75 (2.65%) PaaS
12 72 (2.54%) Amazon ECS
13 63 (2.22%) Azure Functions
14 57 (2.01%) IaaS
15 50 (1.76%) Cloud Computing
16 49 (1.73%) Logic Apps
17 42 (1.48%) SaaS
17 42 (1.48%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 38 (1.34%) Azure Data Factory
19 35 (1.24%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 79 (2.79%) Firewall
2 58 (2.05%) TCP/IP
3 54 (1.91%) HTTP
4 48 (1.69%) DNS
5 28 (0.99%) Network Security
6 26 (0.92%) SSL
7 21 (0.74%) MPLS
7 21 (0.74%) VPN
8 20 (0.71%) BGP
8 20 (0.71%) DHCP
9 18 (0.64%) Wi-Fi
10 17 (0.60%) Wireshark
11 14 (0.49%) FTP
12 13 (0.46%) Internet
12 13 (0.46%) Multicast
12 13 (0.46%) OSPF
12 13 (0.46%) SSH
12 13 (0.46%) Unified Communications
12 13 (0.46%) WAN
13 12 (0.42%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 237 (8.36%) Big Data
2 164 (5.79%) Data Warehouse
3 144 (5.08%) Hadoop
4 141 (4.98%) PostgreSQL
5 135 (4.76%) SQL Server
6 117 (4.13%) Tableau
7 115 (4.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 111 (3.92%) NoSQL
9 110 (3.88%) Relational Database
10 100 (3.53%) Power BI
11 98 (3.46%) MongoDB
12 87 (3.07%) MySQL
13 86 (3.03%) Data Lake
14 80 (2.82%) Amazon RDS
14 80 (2.82%) Apache Hive
15 70 (2.47%) Amazon Redshift
15 70 (2.47%) BigQuery
16 67 (2.36%) Apache Ignite
17 62 (2.19%) Azure SQL Database
18 37 (1.31%) Redis
Development Applications
1 408 (14.40%) Jenkins
2 355 (12.53%) Git (software)
3 202 (7.13%) JIRA
4 140 (4.94%) GitLab
5 84 (2.96%) Maven
6 59 (2.08%) Artifactory
7 58 (2.05%) Bitbucket
8 55 (1.94%) TeamCity
9 49 (1.73%) Selenium
10 41 (1.45%) CircleCI
11 36 (1.27%) Sonatype Nexus
12 35 (1.24%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 29 (1.02%) Cypress.io
13 29 (1.02%) Subversion
14 28 (0.99%) SonarQube
15 27 (0.95%) Cucumber
16 26 (0.92%) Gradle
17 22 (0.78%) gulp
17 22 (0.78%) Visual Studio Team System
18 21 (0.74%) JUnit
General
1 895 (31.58%) Finance
2 459 (16.20%) Front Office
3 333 (11.75%) Banking
4 133 (4.69%) Investment Banking
5 101 (3.56%) Public Sector
6 74 (2.61%) Marketing
7 46 (1.62%) Telecoms
8 45 (1.59%) Back Office
9 44 (1.55%) Retail
10 24 (0.85%) Games
11 21 (0.74%) Pharmaceutical
12 19 (0.67%) Financial Institution
13 18 (0.64%) Advertising
13 18 (0.64%) Manufacturing
14 17 (0.60%) Electronics
15 13 (0.46%) Law
16 10 (0.35%) Legal
16 10 (0.35%) Publishing
16 10 (0.35%) Retail Banking
17 9 (0.32%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,119 (39.48%) Developer
2 470 (16.58%) Python Developer
3 321 (11.33%) Data Engineer
4 290 (10.23%) Software Engineer
5 289 (10.20%) Python Engineer
6 274 (9.67%) DevOps Engineer
7 223 (7.87%) Analyst
8 212 (7.48%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 190 (6.70%) AWS Engineer
10 188 (6.63%) React Developer
11 122 (4.30%) Senior Developer
12 114 (4.02%) JavaScript Developer
13 107 (3.78%) Data Scientist
14 105 (3.71%) Python Software Engineer
15 102 (3.60%) Java Developer
16 98 (3.46%) Architect
16 98 (3.46%) Data Analyst
17 97 (3.42%) AWS Developer
18 91 (3.21%) AWS DevOps
19 87 (3.07%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 439 (15.49%) React
2 433 (15.28%) Web Services
3 293 (10.34%) Node.js
4 278 (9.81%) AngularJS
5 213 (7.52%) .NET
6 192 (6.77%) Kafka
7 144 (5.08%) REST
8 123 (4.34%) Django
8 123 (4.34%) HTML
9 118 (4.16%) NumPy
10 116 (4.09%) Vue.js
11 108 (3.81%) RESTful
12 106 (3.74%) Pandas
13 93 (3.28%) CSS
13 93 (3.28%) Flask
13 93 (3.28%) PySpark
14 85 (3.00%) Spring
15 81 (2.86%) React Native
16 79 (2.79%) gRPC
17 69 (2.43%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 280 (9.88%) Derivative
2 274 (9.67%) Equities
3 232 (8.19%) Fixed Income
4 206 (7.27%) Analytical Skills
4 206 (7.27%) Hedge funds
5 192 (6.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 128 (4.52%) User Experience
7 107 (3.78%) Algorithms
8 105 (3.71%) Cloud Native
9 81 (2.86%) Data Structures
10 80 (2.82%) Greenfield Project
11 79 (2.79%) Blog
12 51 (1.80%) Data Centre
12 51 (1.80%) Public Cloud
13 48 (1.69%) Equity Derivative
13 48 (1.69%) Self-Motivation
14 47 (1.66%) Mobile App
15 37 (1.31%) Linux Command Line
16 31 (1.09%) Credit Risk
16 31 (1.09%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 518 (18.28%) Linux
2 156 (5.50%) Windows
3 140 (4.94%) Unix
4 59 (2.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 37 (1.31%) Windows Server
6 30 (1.06%) CentOS
7 17 (0.60%) Apple iOS
7 17 (0.60%) Ubuntu
8 11 (0.39%) Android
9 9 (0.32%) OpenWrt
10 8 (0.28%) Mac OS X
10 8 (0.28%) Windows Server 2016
11 7 (0.25%) Windows 10
11 7 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
12 6 (0.21%) Windows Server 2019
13 5 (0.18%) Solaris
14 4 (0.14%) Debian
14 4 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
14 4 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
15 3 (0.11%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 994 (35.07%) Agile Software Development
2 763 (26.92%) DevOps
3 620 (21.88%) Software Engineering
4 430 (15.17%) Analytics
5 383 (13.51%) Asset Management
6 304 (10.73%) Microservices
7 292 (10.30%) Data Science
8 279 (9.84%) Test Automation
9 275 (9.70%) Investment Management
10 253 (8.93%) Machine Learning
11 219 (7.73%) Scrum
12 210 (7.41%) ETL
13 189 (6.67%) Open Source
14 185 (6.53%) Business Intelligence
15 184 (6.49%) TDD
16 180 (6.35%) Data Modelling
17 173 (6.10%) Continuous Integration
18 158 (5.58%) Infrastructure as Code
19 156 (5.50%) Data Engineering
20 151 (5.33%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 830 (29.29%) SQL
2 823 (29.04%) Java
3 661 (23.32%) JavaScript
4 265 (9.35%) C++
5 234 (8.26%) C#
6 216 (7.62%) Bash Shell
7 200 (7.06%) Kotlin
8 188 (6.63%) R
9 187 (6.60%) Scala
10 166 (5.86%) PowerShell
11 162 (5.72%) TypeScript
12 154 (5.43%) Go
13 125 (4.41%) Ruby
14 120 (4.23%) Perl
15 107 (3.78%) Shell Script
16 101 (3.56%) C
17 75 (2.65%) PL/SQL
18 50 (1.76%) T-SQL
19 47 (1.66%) VBA
20 40 (1.41%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 221 (7.80%) Security Cleared
2 206 (7.27%) Degree
3 185 (6.53%) SC Cleared
4 58 (2.05%) PhD
5 39 (1.38%) Computer Science Degree
6 38 (1.34%) AWS Certification
7 31 (1.09%) DV Cleared
8 22 (0.78%) Cisco Certification
9 13 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
10 11 (0.39%) CCIE
10 11 (0.39%) CCNP
10 11 (0.39%) Master's Degree
11 8 (0.28%) BPSS Clearance
11 8 (0.28%) GCFA
12 7 (0.25%) CompTIA Security+
12 7 (0.25%) DBS Check
13 6 (0.21%) CCNA
13 6 (0.21%) Sun Certification
13 6 (0.21%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 4 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 95 (3.35%) QA
2 53 (1.87%) Data Quality
3 15 (0.53%) GDPR
4 8 (0.28%) JTAG
5 7 (0.25%) SLA
6 6 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 17025
6 6 (0.21%) MiFID
6 6 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 4 (0.14%) IFRS
7 4 (0.14%) IFRS 9
8 3 (0.11%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.11%) WCAG
9 2 (0.071%) Dodd-Frank
9 2 (0.071%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.035%) Basel II
10 1 (0.035%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.035%) NIST
10 1 (0.035%) PMO
System Software
1 513 (18.10%) Docker
2 43 (1.52%) Active Directory
3 35 (1.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (1.02%) HDFS
5 25 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
6 15 (0.53%) vSphere
7 14 (0.49%) VMware ESXi
8 11 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 9 (0.32%) GridGain
9 9 (0.32%) NFS
10 7 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
10 7 (0.25%) VMware NSX
11 4 (0.14%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 4 (0.14%) Ceph
11 4 (0.14%) KVM
11 4 (0.14%) Varnish
12 3 (0.11%) GPFS
12 3 (0.11%) Hyper-V
12 3 (0.11%) Platform Symphony
12 3 (0.11%) Veritas File System
Systems Management
1 569 (20.08%) Kubernetes
2 465 (16.41%) Terraform
3 331 (11.68%) Ansible
4 131 (4.62%) Puppet
5 119 (4.20%) Opscode Chef
6 57 (2.01%) Prometheus
7 37 (1.31%) Grafana
8 29 (1.02%) Packer
9 24 (0.85%) Salt
10 19 (0.67%) Kibana
11 18 (0.64%) Consul
12 16 (0.56%) Hadoop YARN
13 15 (0.53%) Argo
14 14 (0.49%) Istio
15 13 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
15 13 (0.46%) ITRS Geneos
16 12 (0.42%) Netcool
17 11 (0.39%) BladeLogic
17 11 (0.39%) Rundeck
18 9 (0.32%) Oozie
Vendors
1 168 (5.93%) Google
1 168 (5.93%) Oracle
2 141 (4.98%) Microsoft
3 111 (3.92%) Splunk
4 91 (3.21%) Databricks
5 66 (2.33%) Bloomberg
6 60 (2.12%) MuleSoft
6 60 (2.12%) Red Hat
7 52 (1.83%) VMware
8 40 (1.41%) Cisco
9 39 (1.38%) AppDynamics
9 39 (1.38%) Atlassian
10 31 (1.09%) Alteryx
11 25 (0.88%) SAP
12 24 (0.85%) Cloudera
12 24 (0.85%) Hortonworks
13 23 (0.81%) F5
14 22 (0.78%) IBM
14 22 (0.78%) Informatica
15 19 (0.67%) ServiceNow