Period
to 17 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 17 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
17 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 15 19 38
Rank change year-on-year +4 +19 +12
Contract jobs citing Python 4,190 3,131 2,133
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 9.01% 7.44% 4.91%
As % of the Programming Languages category 18.63% 16.35% 11.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,220 2,329 1,629
London median daily rate £550 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £400 £363 £325
90th Percentile £688 £638 £663
England median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - +6.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 27 26
London median hourly rate £28.50 £30.94 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.87% +3.12% -1.64%
10th Percentile £25.44 £16.52 £21.03
90th Percentile £47.73 £47.00 £50.17
England median hourly rate £40.00 £39.13 £39.50
% change year-on-year +2.24% -0.95% +14.49%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 22,485 19,154 18,862
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 48.37% 45.54% 43.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,240 14,320 14,091
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +3.83%
10th Percentile £350 £319 £306
90th Percentile £675 £638 £638
England median daily rate £475 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +11.76% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 150 127 130
London median hourly rate £34.00 £40.00 £29.64
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.00% +34.95% +2.21%
10th Percentile £18.48 £16.34 £14.00
90th Percentile £57.63 £60.50 £52.50
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +15.38%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 17 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 17 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 17 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 708 £550 +4.76% 310
West London -2 191 £503 +18.24% 124
East London +20 95 £569 +3.41% 52
South London -5 79 £525 -4.55% 9
North London -3 6 £431 - 6
Python
England

For the 6 months to 17 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,648 (39.33%) Java
2 1,494 (35.66%) Linux
3 1,434 (34.22%) DevOps
4 1,390 (33.17%) Agile Software Development
5 1,249 (29.81%) Amazon AWS
6 1,004 (23.96%) Finance
7 951 (22.70%) SQL
8 904 (21.58%) Docker
9 880 (21.00%) Jenkins
10 787 (18.78%) Ruby
11 777 (18.54%) Ansible
12 749 (17.88%) Bash Shell
13 706 (16.85%) Git (software)
14 680 (16.23%) Unix
15 666 (15.89%) JavaScript
16 665 (15.87%) Banking
17 649 (15.49%) Continuous Integration
18 646 (15.42%) Puppet
19 547 (13.05%) Big Data
20 529 (12.63%) TDD
21 506 (12.08%) Hadoop
22 495 (11.81%) Configuration Management
23 494 (11.79%) Analytics
24 486 (11.60%) Apache Spark
25 481 (11.48%) C++
26 478 (11.41%) Perl
27 462 (11.03%) C#
28 425 (10.14%) Opscode Chef
29 424 (10.12%) Analytical Skills
30 421 (10.05%) Kubernetes

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 486 (11.60%) Apache Spark
2 270 (6.44%) Apache
3 201 (4.80%) Confluence
4 180 (4.30%) nginx
5 175 (4.18%) Elasticsearch
6 150 (3.58%) Tomcat
7 95 (2.27%) OpenStack
8 64 (1.53%) SAS
9 57 (1.36%) IIS
10 56 (1.34%) Apache Pig
11 54 (1.29%) JBoss
12 52 (1.24%) Cloud Foundry
13 31 (0.74%) Jupyter
14 30 (0.72%) Apache Solr
15 24 (0.57%) Apache Airflow
16 23 (0.55%) CMS
17 21 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 20 (0.48%) WebSphere
19 16 (0.38%) WebLogic
20 14 (0.33%) Jetty
Applications
1 124 (2.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 38 (0.91%) Spreadsheet
3 23 (0.55%) SPSS
4 20 (0.48%) HipChat
5 15 (0.36%) Chatbot
6 14 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 8 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
8 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
9 5 (0.12%) Weka
10 4 (0.095%) CINEMA 4D
10 4 (0.095%) Photoshop
11 3 (0.072%) Vectorworks
12 1 (0.024%) Adobe After Effects
12 1 (0.024%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.024%) Doxygen
12 1 (0.024%) Gephi
12 1 (0.024%) Mathematica
12 1 (0.024%) MS Visio
12 1 (0.024%) S-PLUS
12 1 (0.024%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 25 (0.60%) RMDS
2 19 (0.45%) Distributed Ledger
3 11 (0.26%) ION MarketView
4 9 (0.21%) ReMetrica
5 8 (0.19%) Temenos T24
6 7 (0.17%) Odoo
7 6 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 6 (0.14%) SunGard GMI
8 5 (0.12%) Magento
8 5 (0.12%) Summit
9 3 (0.072%) BondVision
9 3 (0.072%) Dynamics CRM
9 3 (0.072%) Dynamics NAV
9 3 (0.072%) Radian6
10 2 (0.048%) Dynamics AX
10 2 (0.048%) HiPortfolio
10 2 (0.048%) Oracle BPM
10 2 (0.048%) Relativity
11 1 (0.024%) Global One
Cloud Services
1 1,249 (29.81%) Amazon AWS
2 309 (7.37%) Microsoft Azure
3 227 (5.42%) GitHub
4 161 (3.84%) Amazon EC2
5 160 (3.82%) Amazon S3
6 153 (3.65%) Google Cloud Platform
7 150 (3.58%) AWS CloudFormation
8 149 (3.56%) Serverless
9 117 (2.79%) PaaS
10 94 (2.24%) AWS Lambda
11 93 (2.22%) IaaS
12 88 (2.10%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 72 (1.72%) SaaS
14 69 (1.65%) Cloud Computing
15 62 (1.48%) Route 53
16 59 (1.41%) OpenShift
17 56 (1.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 49 (1.17%) npm
19 41 (0.98%) Bluemix
19 41 (0.98%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 204 (4.87%) TCP/IP
2 160 (3.82%) HTTP
3 151 (3.60%) Firewall
4 122 (2.91%) DNS
5 108 (2.58%) SSL
6 66 (1.58%) Internet
7 58 (1.38%) LDAP
8 49 (1.17%) Kerberos
9 43 (1.03%) DHCP
10 42 (1.00%) VPN
11 39 (0.93%) Network Security
12 33 (0.79%) LAN
13 28 (0.67%) BIG-IP
14 22 (0.53%) WAN
15 21 (0.50%) SAN
16 18 (0.43%) ICMP
17 17 (0.41%) NAS
18 13 (0.31%) FTP
19 12 (0.29%) Wireless
20 11 (0.26%) 3G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 547 (13.05%) Big Data
2 506 (12.08%) Hadoop
3 360 (8.59%) MySQL
4 358 (8.54%) NoSQL
5 338 (8.07%) PostgreSQL
6 279 (6.66%) MongoDB
7 277 (6.61%) Relational Database
8 273 (6.52%) SQL Server
9 207 (4.94%) Apache Hive
10 159 (3.79%) Apache Cassandra
11 151 (3.60%) RDBMS
12 141 (3.37%) Data Warehouse
13 133 (3.17%) HBase
14 96 (2.29%) Amazon RDS
15 82 (1.96%) Amazon Redshift
16 80 (1.91%) Oracle Database
17 62 (1.48%) Power BI
18 59 (1.41%) Blockchain
19 56 (1.34%) Redis
20 54 (1.29%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 880 (21.00%) Jenkins
2 706 (16.85%) Git (software)
3 349 (8.33%) JIRA
4 210 (5.01%) Maven
5 136 (3.25%) Subversion
6 131 (3.13%) TeamCity
7 118 (2.82%) Cucumber
7 118 (2.82%) Selenium
8 112 (2.67%) Sonatype Nexus
9 90 (2.15%) Artifactory
10 85 (2.03%) Bitbucket
11 81 (1.93%) Gradle
12 77 (1.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 68 (1.62%) Vagrant
14 60 (1.43%) Ant
15 54 (1.29%) JUnit
16 44 (1.05%) JMeter
16 44 (1.05%) Travis CI
16 44 (1.05%) WebDriver
17 40 (0.95%) Gerrit
General
1 1,004 (23.96%) Finance
2 665 (15.87%) Banking
3 358 (8.54%) Front Office
4 292 (6.97%) Investment Banking
5 138 (3.29%) Retail
6 122 (2.91%) Marketing
7 85 (2.03%) Telecoms
8 58 (1.38%) Publishing
9 52 (1.24%) Games
10 51 (1.22%) Electronics
11 42 (1.00%) Manufacturing
12 36 (0.86%) Financial Institution
13 32 (0.76%) Retail Banking
14 27 (0.64%) Advertising
15 18 (0.43%) Back Office
16 15 (0.36%) Law
17 13 (0.31%) Billing
18 12 (0.29%) French Language
18 12 (0.29%) Legal
19 8 (0.19%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 1,464 (34.94%) Developer
2 859 (20.50%) DevOps Engineer
3 632 (15.08%) Python Developer
4 369 (8.81%) AWS Engineer
5 317 (7.57%) AWS DevOps
6 278 (6.63%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 269 (6.42%) Data Engineer
8 262 (6.25%) Java Developer
9 234 (5.58%) Data Scientist
10 229 (5.47%) Analyst
11 204 (4.87%) Linux Engineer
12 192 (4.58%) Senior Developer
13 170 (4.06%) Cloud Engineer
14 148 (3.53%) C++ Developer
15 145 (3.46%) Architect
15 145 (3.46%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 137 (3.27%) Big Data Engineer
17 126 (3.01%) Senior DevOps
18 124 (2.96%) Linux DevOps Engineer
19 110 (2.63%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 396 (9.45%) Web Services
2 338 (8.07%) Node.js
3 293 (6.99%) HTML
4 258 (6.16%) Kafka
5 245 (5.85%) Django
6 227 (5.42%) CSS
7 216 (5.16%) REST
8 186 (4.44%) .NET
8 186 (4.44%) Elastic Stack
9 176 (4.20%) Flask
10 171 (4.08%) AngularJS
10 171 (4.08%) RESTful
11 151 (3.60%) React
12 149 (3.56%) Spring
12 149 (3.56%) XML
13 145 (3.46%) HTML5
14 137 (3.27%) JSON
15 105 (2.51%) PySpark
16 90 (2.15%) Pandas
17 79 (1.89%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 424 (10.12%) Analytical Skills
2 284 (6.78%) Computer Science
3 190 (4.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 183 (4.37%) Algorithms
5 157 (3.75%) Fixed Income
6 146 (3.48%) Derivative
7 118 (2.82%) Greenfield Project
8 110 (2.63%) Fintech
9 81 (1.93%) Data Structures
10 79 (1.89%) Public Cloud
11 78 (1.86%) Equities
12 77 (1.84%) Credit Risk
12 77 (1.84%) Data Centre
13 67 (1.60%) Linux Command Line
14 66 (1.58%) User Experience
15 57 (1.36%) Enterprise Software
16 42 (1.00%) Management Information System
16 42 (1.00%) Mobile App
17 38 (0.91%) Clustering
18 37 (0.88%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 1,494 (35.66%) Linux
2 680 (16.23%) Unix
3 389 (9.28%) Windows
4 216 (5.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 131 (3.13%) CentOS
6 96 (2.29%) Ubuntu
7 61 (1.46%) Solaris
8 49 (1.17%) Android
9 46 (1.10%) CoreOS
10 45 (1.07%) Windows Server
11 31 (0.74%) AIX
12 25 (0.60%) Mac OS X
13 24 (0.57%) Apple iOS
13 24 (0.57%) Debian
14 23 (0.55%) Mac OS
14 23 (0.55%) Windows 7
15 15 (0.36%) Windows 10
15 15 (0.36%) Windows Server 2008
16 11 (0.26%) FreeBSD
17 10 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,434 (34.22%) DevOps
2 1,390 (33.17%) Agile Software Development
3 649 (15.49%) Continuous Integration
4 529 (12.63%) TDD
5 495 (11.81%) Configuration Management
6 494 (11.79%) Analytics
7 417 (9.95%) Open Source
8 392 (9.36%) Test Automation
9 388 (9.26%) Machine Learning
10 334 (7.97%) Scrum
11 304 (7.26%) Microservices
12 294 (7.02%) Software Engineering
13 288 (6.87%) Continuous Delivery
14 262 (6.25%) OO
15 240 (5.73%) Mathematics
16 229 (5.47%) BDD
17 208 (4.96%) Business Intelligence
18 197 (4.70%) Visualisation
19 179 (4.27%) ETL
20 175 (4.18%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,648 (39.33%) Java
2 951 (22.70%) SQL
3 787 (18.78%) Ruby
4 749 (17.88%) Bash Shell
5 666 (15.89%) JavaScript
6 481 (11.48%) C++
7 478 (11.41%) Perl
8 462 (11.03%) C#
9 388 (9.26%) Scala
10 332 (7.92%) R
11 257 (6.13%) Go
12 232 (5.54%) Shell Script
13 181 (4.32%) Groovy
14 150 (3.58%) PowerShell
15 148 (3.53%) PHP
16 135 (3.22%) VBA
17 111 (2.65%) C
18 60 (1.43%) Korn
19 53 (1.26%) T-SQL
20 52 (1.24%) ES6
Qualifications
1 325 (7.76%) Degree
2 263 (6.28%) Security Cleared
3 174 (4.15%) SC Cleared
4 96 (2.29%) PhD
5 86 (2.05%) Computer Science Degree
6 56 (1.34%) AWS Certification
6 56 (1.34%) Master's Degree
7 35 (0.84%) Numerate Degree
8 25 (0.60%) Cisco Certification
9 21 (0.50%) DV Cleared
10 20 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
11 18 (0.43%) CISSP
11 18 (0.43%) CTC Cleared
12 17 (0.41%) CISM
13 16 (0.38%) CCSP
14 13 (0.31%) CREST Certified
14 13 (0.31%) RHCE
15 12 (0.29%) PMP
16 11 (0.26%) (ISC)2 CCSP
17 9 (0.21%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 182 (4.34%) QA
2 55 (1.31%) MiFID
3 33 (0.79%) Data Quality
4 30 (0.72%) GCP
5 18 (0.43%) PCI DSS
6 16 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
7 15 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 14 (0.33%) EMIR
9 10 (0.24%) Solvency II
10 8 (0.19%) GAAP
10 8 (0.19%) GDPR
11 7 (0.17%) SLA
12 5 (0.12%) OASIS TOSCA
13 4 (0.095%) Actionable Recommendations
13 4 (0.095%) AS 2805
13 4 (0.095%) Dodd-Frank
13 4 (0.095%) IFRS
13 4 (0.095%) ISO 8583
13 4 (0.095%) PMO
14 3 (0.072%) FATCA
System Software
1 904 (21.58%) Docker
2 118 (2.82%) HDFS
3 82 (1.96%) VMware Infrastructure
4 77 (1.84%) Apache Flume
5 39 (0.93%) Active Directory
6 33 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
7 30 (0.72%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 18 (0.43%) NFS
9 17 (0.41%) KVM
10 16 (0.38%) etcd
10 16 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
11 15 (0.36%) Samba
12 14 (0.33%) Varnish
13 12 (0.29%) Firmware
13 12 (0.29%) vCloud
14 11 (0.26%) Hyper-V
15 8 (0.19%) Xen
16 7 (0.17%) Platform Symphony
17 6 (0.14%) LXC
17 6 (0.14%) Squid
Systems Management
1 777 (18.54%) Ansible
2 646 (15.42%) Puppet
3 425 (10.14%) Opscode Chef
4 421 (10.05%) Kubernetes
5 418 (9.98%) Terraform
6 105 (2.51%) logstash
7 104 (2.48%) Kibana
8 92 (2.20%) Nagios
9 81 (1.93%) Packer
10 78 (1.86%) Mesos
11 71 (1.69%) Grafana
12 67 (1.60%) ZABBIX
13 66 (1.58%) Oozie
14 65 (1.55%) Hadoop YARN
15 58 (1.38%) Consul
15 58 (1.38%) Salt
16 53 (1.26%) Ambari
17 47 (1.12%) Rancher
18 44 (1.05%) ITRS Geneos
19 43 (1.03%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 328 (7.83%) Oracle
2 225 (5.37%) Red Hat
3 202 (4.82%) Google
4 190 (4.53%) Splunk
5 188 (4.49%) Microsoft
6 158 (3.77%) Tableau
7 132 (3.15%) VMware
8 104 (2.48%) Atlassian
9 89 (2.12%) Cloudera
10 86 (2.05%) IBM
11 70 (1.67%) TIBCO
12 65 (1.55%) Sybase
13 63 (1.50%) SAP
14 61 (1.46%) Hortonworks
15 47 (1.12%) SaltStack
16 40 (0.95%) Cisco
16 40 (0.95%) F5
17 38 (0.91%) New Relic
18 35 (0.84%) HP
19 33 (0.79%) Qualys