Period
to 15 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 15 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
15 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 12 15 18
Rank change year-on-year +3 +3 +18
Contract jobs citing Python 4,621 4,208 3,145
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 10.48% 8.96% 7.61%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.18% 18.77% 16.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,342 3,236 2,350
London median daily rate £550 £550 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
10th Percentile £408 £400 £363
90th Percentile £713 £688 £650
England median daily rate £525 £525 £480
% change year-on-year - +9.38% +1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 40 24
London median hourly rate £41.88 £29.88 £34.63
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.17% -13.74% -7.65%
10th Percentile £22.11 £25.41 £25.67
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.95 £47.00
England median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +12.50% - -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 21,821 22,420 18,779
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 49.50% 47.75% 45.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,530 17,188 14,036
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
England median daily rate £485 £475 £425
% change year-on-year +2.11% +11.76% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 115 175 124
London median hourly rate £36.67 £33.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.12% -21.43% +44.83%
10th Percentile £18.79 £17.75 £16.58
90th Percentile £53.75 £54.70 £65.00
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 15 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 15 February 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 15 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +4 891 £550 - 526
West London +7 178 £475 -5.00% 185
East London +3 176 £525 -8.70% 99
South London +31 144 £525 - 26
North London -6 8 £550 +10.00% 22
Python
England

For the 6 months to 15 February 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,581 (34.21%) Amazon AWS
2 1,555 (33.65%) DevOps
3 1,506 (32.59%) Agile Software Development
4 1,386 (29.99%) Java
5 1,276 (27.61%) Linux
6 1,125 (24.35%) SQL
7 1,115 (24.13%) Docker
8 1,114 (24.11%) Finance
9 1,004 (21.73%) Jenkins
10 973 (21.06%) Ansible
11 797 (17.25%) Kubernetes
12 753 (16.30%) Git (software)
13 740 (16.01%) Terraform
14 717 (15.52%) Bash Shell
15 699 (15.13%) JavaScript
16 631 (13.66%) Data Science
17 623 (13.48%) Big Data
18 604 (13.07%) Microsoft Azure
19 603 (13.05%) Hadoop
20 579 (12.53%) Ruby
21 578 (12.51%) Puppet
22 576 (12.46%) Analytics
22 576 (12.46%) Test Automation
23 558 (12.08%) Continuous Integration
24 555 (12.01%) Banking
25 522 (11.30%) Apache Spark
26 511 (11.06%) Unix
27 506 (10.95%) Machine Learning
28 494 (10.69%) TDD
29 464 (10.04%) Microservices

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 522 (11.30%) Apache Spark
2 317 (6.86%) Elasticsearch
3 218 (4.72%) Apache
4 155 (3.35%) nginx
5 146 (3.16%) Confluence
6 122 (2.64%) Tomcat
7 91 (1.97%) Cloud Foundry
8 83 (1.80%) SAS
9 69 (1.49%) IIS
10 60 (1.30%) OpenStack
11 57 (1.23%) Apache Airflow
12 50 (1.08%) WebSphere
13 46 (1.00%) Apache Solr
14 33 (0.71%) Jupyter
14 33 (0.71%) SharePoint
15 30 (0.65%) Gunicorn
16 23 (0.50%) Apache Pig
16 23 (0.50%) Drupal
17 18 (0.39%) Apache Qpid
17 18 (0.39%) IPython
Applications
1 136 (2.94%) Microsoft Excel
2 45 (0.97%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 35 (0.76%) Microsoft Project
4 23 (0.50%) MS Visio
5 19 (0.41%) Chatbot
6 17 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
7 7 (0.15%) Photoshop
8 6 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
9 5 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
9 5 (0.11%) SPSS
10 2 (0.043%) GIMP
10 2 (0.043%) GNU Octave
10 2 (0.043%) InVision
10 2 (0.043%) LaTeX
11 1 (0.022%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.022%) HipChat
11 1 (0.022%) Houdini
11 1 (0.022%) Maya
11 1 (0.022%) NUKE
11 1 (0.022%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 12 (0.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 11 (0.24%) Actimize
3 9 (0.19%) Endur
4 8 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
4 8 (0.17%) Unica
5 7 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
6 4 (0.087%) ION MarketView
6 4 (0.087%) NetSuite
7 3 (0.065%) Sentinel
8 2 (0.043%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.043%) FastStats
8 2 (0.043%) R3 Corda
9 1 (0.022%) AquaLogic BPM
9 1 (0.022%) Dynamics AX
9 1 (0.022%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.022%) Eloqua
9 1 (0.022%) Markit EDM
9 1 (0.022%) Oracle BPM
9 1 (0.022%) Orchestrade
9 1 (0.022%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,581 (34.21%) Amazon AWS
2 604 (13.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 438 (9.48%) Google Cloud Platform
4 258 (5.58%) Serverless
5 222 (4.80%) AWS Lambda
6 213 (4.61%) GitHub
7 207 (4.48%) AWS CloudFormation
8 184 (3.98%) Amazon S3
9 166 (3.59%) PaaS
10 150 (3.25%) Amazon EC2
11 106 (2.29%) Amazon EMR
12 90 (1.95%) SaaS
13 87 (1.88%) IaaS
14 86 (1.86%) Datadog
15 84 (1.82%) OpenShift
16 83 (1.80%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 56 (1.21%) Cloud Computing
18 50 (1.08%) npm
19 48 (1.04%) Heroku
20 45 (0.97%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 155 (3.35%) Firewall
2 117 (2.53%) HTTP
3 111 (2.40%) SSL
4 95 (2.06%) DNS
5 85 (1.84%) TCP/IP
6 64 (1.38%) VPN
7 62 (1.34%) Internet
8 54 (1.17%) WAN
9 53 (1.15%) BGP
10 52 (1.13%) DHCP
11 48 (1.04%) LAN
11 48 (1.04%) OSPF
12 44 (0.95%) MPLS
13 39 (0.84%) Kerberos
14 32 (0.69%) Wireless
15 27 (0.58%) Cisco ASA
16 24 (0.52%) EIGRP
17 22 (0.48%) Multicast
18 21 (0.45%) VLAN
19 17 (0.37%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 623 (13.48%) Big Data
2 603 (13.05%) Hadoop
3 427 (9.24%) PostgreSQL
4 369 (7.99%) NoSQL
5 290 (6.28%) Apache Hive
6 283 (6.12%) MongoDB
7 271 (5.86%) Relational Database
8 246 (5.32%) SQL Server
9 242 (5.24%) MySQL
10 186 (4.03%) Data Warehouse
11 172 (3.72%) Apache Cassandra
12 118 (2.55%) HBase
13 106 (2.29%) Amazon Redshift
14 100 (2.16%) Data Lake
15 99 (2.14%) Amazon RDS
16 97 (2.10%) Redis
17 93 (2.01%) Power BI
18 83 (1.80%) Impala
19 76 (1.64%) RDBMS
20 71 (1.54%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 1,004 (21.73%) Jenkins
2 753 (16.30%) Git (software)
3 348 (7.53%) JIRA
4 224 (4.85%) Maven
5 205 (4.44%) Selenium
6 164 (3.55%) TeamCity
7 130 (2.81%) GitLab
8 125 (2.71%) Bitbucket
9 112 (2.42%) Artifactory
10 103 (2.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 102 (2.21%) Sonatype Nexus
12 100 (2.16%) Cucumber
13 91 (1.97%) Gradle
14 77 (1.67%) Gatling
15 76 (1.64%) gulp
16 71 (1.54%) Subversion
17 66 (1.43%) Visual Studio Team System
18 56 (1.21%) CircleCI
19 54 (1.17%) Mocha
19 54 (1.17%) Travis CI
General
1 1,114 (24.11%) Finance
2 555 (12.01%) Banking
3 276 (5.97%) Front Office
4 179 (3.87%) Retail
5 138 (2.99%) Investment Banking
6 125 (2.71%) Marketing
7 65 (1.41%) Advertising
8 58 (1.26%) Financial Institution
9 56 (1.21%) Telecoms
10 47 (1.02%) Games
11 46 (1.00%) Publishing
12 44 (0.95%) Legal
13 23 (0.50%) Manufacturing
14 20 (0.43%) Retail Banking
15 14 (0.30%) Back Office
16 12 (0.26%) Law
17 10 (0.22%) Electronics
18 7 (0.15%) Pharmaceutical
19 6 (0.13%) Automotive
19 6 (0.13%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,476 (31.94%) Developer
2 884 (19.13%) DevOps Engineer
3 760 (16.45%) Python Developer
4 418 (9.05%) Data Engineer
5 362 (7.83%) Python Engineer
6 346 (7.49%) AWS Engineer
7 257 (5.56%) Architect
8 256 (5.54%) AWS DevOps
9 238 (5.15%) Data Scientist
10 229 (4.96%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 187 (4.05%) Analyst
12 179 (3.87%) Cloud Engineer
13 171 (3.70%) Software Engineer
14 162 (3.51%) Big Data Engineer
15 142 (3.07%) Senior Developer
16 134 (2.90%) Java Developer
17 124 (2.68%) Senior DevOps
18 120 (2.60%) Java Engineer
19 108 (2.34%) Senior DevOps Engineer
20 102 (2.21%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 373 (8.07%) Node.js
2 364 (7.88%) Kafka
3 362 (7.83%) Web Services
4 335 (7.25%) Django
5 272 (5.89%) React
6 270 (5.84%) HTML
6 270 (5.84%) REST
7 253 (5.48%) NumPy
8 239 (5.17%) Pandas
9 234 (5.06%) RESTful
10 219 (4.74%) AngularJS
11 218 (4.72%) Flask
12 211 (4.57%) CSS
13 188 (4.07%) Elastic Stack
13 188 (4.07%) PySpark
14 174 (3.77%) .NET
15 148 (3.20%) JSON
16 112 (2.42%) HTML5
17 102 (2.21%) RabbitMQ
17 102 (2.21%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 390 (8.44%) Analytical Skills
2 284 (6.15%) Algorithms
3 259 (5.60%) Greenfield Project
4 178 (3.85%) Fintech
5 168 (3.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 139 (3.01%) Data Structures
7 121 (2.62%) Derivative
8 114 (2.47%) Data Centre
9 103 (2.23%) Linux Command Line
10 99 (2.14%) Self-Motivation
11 97 (2.10%) Mobile App
11 97 (2.10%) Public Cloud
12 96 (2.08%) Fixed Income
13 92 (1.99%) User Experience
14 90 (1.95%) Hedge funds
15 59 (1.28%) Enterprise Software
16 56 (1.21%) Cloud Native
17 47 (1.02%) Equities
18 44 (0.95%) PKI
19 39 (0.84%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1,276 (27.61%) Linux
2 511 (11.06%) Unix
3 396 (8.57%) Windows
4 169 (3.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 108 (2.34%) Android
6 89 (1.93%) Apple iOS
6 89 (1.93%) Ubuntu
7 78 (1.69%) CentOS
8 49 (1.06%) Windows Server
9 29 (0.63%) CoreOS
9 29 (0.63%) Mac OS X
10 25 (0.54%) Debian
11 18 (0.39%) Solaris
12 17 (0.37%) Fedora
13 9 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
13 9 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
14 6 (0.13%) Windows 7
15 5 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
16 4 (0.087%) SUSE
17 3 (0.065%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,555 (33.65%) DevOps
2 1,506 (32.59%) Agile Software Development
3 631 (13.66%) Data Science
4 576 (12.46%) Analytics
4 576 (12.46%) Test Automation
5 558 (12.08%) Continuous Integration
6 506 (10.95%) Machine Learning
7 494 (10.69%) TDD
8 464 (10.04%) Microservices
9 424 (9.18%) Open Source
10 393 (8.50%) Software Engineering
11 359 (7.77%) Configuration Management
12 332 (7.18%) Scrum
13 300 (6.49%) Problem-Solving
14 291 (6.30%) ETL
15 283 (6.12%) Computer Science
16 268 (5.80%) OO
17 264 (5.71%) Continuous Delivery
18 250 (5.41%) BDD
19 226 (4.89%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 1,386 (29.99%) Java
2 1,125 (24.35%) SQL
3 717 (15.52%) Bash Shell
4 699 (15.13%) JavaScript
5 579 (12.53%) Ruby
6 454 (9.82%) C++
7 421 (9.11%) Perl
8 401 (8.68%) Scala
9 383 (8.29%) C#
10 373 (8.07%) Go
11 316 (6.84%) R
12 248 (5.37%) Shell Script
13 230 (4.98%) PowerShell
14 136 (2.94%) PHP
15 135 (2.92%) Groovy
16 119 (2.58%) C
17 98 (2.12%) ES6
18 64 (1.38%) MATLAB
19 63 (1.36%) VBA
20 61 (1.32%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 353 (7.64%) Degree
2 264 (5.71%) Security Cleared
3 192 (4.15%) SC Cleared
4 144 (3.12%) PhD
5 114 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
6 108 (2.34%) AWS Certification
7 102 (2.21%) Master's Degree
8 51 (1.10%) RHCE
9 45 (0.97%) Cisco Certification
10 30 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
10 30 (0.65%) CCNP
10 30 (0.65%) DV Cleared
11 28 (0.61%) Numerate Degree
12 25 (0.54%) CISSP
13 20 (0.43%) CCIE
14 18 (0.39%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 17 (0.37%) CCNA
16 12 (0.26%) CISM
17 11 (0.24%) CTC Cleared
18 10 (0.22%) JNCIP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 172 (3.72%) QA
2 49 (1.06%) Data Quality
3 22 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 18 (0.39%) GDPR
5 15 (0.32%) PCI DSS
6 9 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 8 (0.17%) HIPAA
7 8 (0.17%) MiFID
8 7 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 6 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
10 5 (0.11%) SLA
11 4 (0.087%) PSD2
12 3 (0.065%) Actionable Recommendations
12 3 (0.065%) PMO
13 2 (0.043%) EMIR
13 2 (0.043%) HL7
14 1 (0.022%) COBIT
14 1 (0.022%) FedRAMP
14 1 (0.022%) FISMA
14 1 (0.022%) ISAE 3402
System Software
1 1,115 (24.13%) Docker
2 77 (1.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 71 (1.54%) HDFS
4 59 (1.28%) Apache Flume
5 49 (1.06%) Virtual Machines
6 46 (1.00%) Active Directory
7 36 (0.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 28 (0.61%) etcd
9 24 (0.52%) flannel
9 24 (0.52%) Xen
10 23 (0.50%) NFS
10 23 (0.50%) VirtualBox
11 21 (0.45%) Ceph
11 21 (0.45%) SkyDNS
12 20 (0.43%) KVM
13 19 (0.41%) Hyper-V
14 18 (0.39%) GlusterFS
15 15 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
16 10 (0.22%) Snort
16 10 (0.22%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 973 (21.06%) Ansible
2 797 (17.25%) Kubernetes
3 740 (16.01%) Terraform
4 578 (12.51%) Puppet
5 463 (10.02%) Opscode Chef
6 98 (2.12%) Packer
7 97 (2.10%) Prometheus
8 90 (1.95%) Kibana
9 80 (1.73%) Hadoop YARN
10 79 (1.71%) logstash
11 76 (1.64%) Nagios
12 67 (1.45%) Mesos
13 61 (1.32%) Grafana
14 56 (1.21%) Salt
15 48 (1.04%) HAProxy
16 46 (1.00%) Docker Swarm
17 44 (0.95%) Single Sign-On
18 41 (0.89%) ZABBIX
19 39 (0.84%) Consul
20 38 (0.82%) Rancher
Vendors
1 388 (8.40%) Google
2 356 (7.70%) Splunk
3 313 (6.77%) Oracle
4 228 (4.93%) Microsoft
5 196 (4.24%) Red Hat
6 151 (3.27%) Cloudera
7 134 (2.90%) Tableau
8 107 (2.32%) VMware
9 89 (1.93%) Cisco
10 86 (1.86%) New Relic
11 80 (1.73%) Atlassian
12 77 (1.67%) Hortonworks
13 64 (1.38%) SaltStack
14 58 (1.26%) ServiceNow
15 47 (1.02%) Qualys
16 46 (1.00%) AppDynamics
16 46 (1.00%) F5
16 46 (1.00%) IBM
17 44 (0.95%) SAP
18 42 (0.91%) Informatica