Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 8 14 14
Rank change year-on-year +6 0 +9
Contract jobs citing Python 4,420 4,475 4,239
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 12.36% 9.67% 9.04%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.18% 19.18% 18.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,137 3,250 3,267
London median daily rate £550 £550 £538
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.33% +7.50%
10th Percentile £413 £405 £400
90th Percentile £725 £704 £675
England median daily rate £538 £525 £510
% change year-on-year +2.38% +2.94% +7.37%
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 26 41
London median hourly rate £46.25 £41.88 £29.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.45% +44.40% +6.07%
10th Percentile £15.45 £20.24 £25.25
90th Percentile £55.25 £63.74 £47.50
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,884 23,327 22,736
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.20% 50.39% 48.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,701 17,764 17,223
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +7.53%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £350
90th Percentile £698 £675 £663
England median daily rate £488 £475 £451
% change year-on-year +2.63% +5.32% +6.12%
Number of hourly rates quoted 123 116 156
London median hourly rate £45.50 £36.80 £35.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +23.66% +4.38% -0.63%
10th Percentile £19.18 £18.25 £17.63
90th Percentile £67.00 £60.85 £52.25
England median hourly rate £44.00 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +7 918 £561 +2.05% 484
West London +14 153 £500 +4.17% 130
South London +10 113 £525 - 36
East London +7 86 £575 - 71
North London +3 7 £400 -27.27% 14
Python
England

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,573 (35.59%) Agile Software Development
2 1,545 (34.95%) AWS
3 1,462 (33.08%) Java
4 1,280 (28.96%) DevOps
5 1,201 (27.17%) SQL
6 1,100 (24.89%) Finance
7 983 (22.24%) Linux
8 935 (21.15%) Docker
9 792 (17.92%) Azure
10 778 (17.60%) JavaScript
11 744 (16.83%) Kubernetes
12 702 (15.88%) Data Science
13 668 (15.11%) GCP
14 623 (14.10%) Jenkins
15 606 (13.71%) Terraform
15 606 (13.71%) Git (software)
16 594 (13.44%) Analytics
17 587 (13.28%) Ansible
18 585 (13.24%) Machine Learning
19 547 (12.38%) Software Engineering
20 530 (11.99%) Microservices
21 504 (11.40%) Bash Shell
22 503 (11.38%) Big Data
23 499 (11.29%) Apache Spark
24 493 (11.15%) Google
25 480 (10.86%) TDD
26 474 (10.72%) Continuous Integration
27 466 (10.54%) C++
28 460 (10.41%) Banking
29 454 (10.27%) Front Office

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 499 (11.29%) Apache Spark
2 214 (4.84%) Elasticsearch
3 168 (3.80%) Apache
4 114 (2.58%) Confluence
5 81 (1.83%) Apache Airflow
6 61 (1.38%) SAS
7 54 (1.22%) nginx
8 53 (1.20%) Jupyter
9 44 (1.00%) Tomcat
10 42 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
11 34 (0.77%) OpenStack
12 32 (0.72%) WebLogic
13 31 (0.70%) SharePoint
14 24 (0.54%) JBoss
15 23 (0.52%) ArcGIS
16 20 (0.45%) IIS
17 18 (0.41%) Luigi
18 16 (0.36%) GeoServer
19 13 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 12 (0.27%) WebSphere
Applications
1 86 (1.95%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (0.41%) SPSS
3 13 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.18%) Stata
5 6 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
6 5 (0.11%) Chatbot
7 4 (0.090%) InDesign
7 4 (0.090%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.068%) GNU Octave
8 3 (0.068%) MS Visio
9 2 (0.045%) Sketch
10 1 (0.023%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.023%) Autodesk Inventor
10 1 (0.023%) InVision
10 1 (0.023%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.023%) PTC Creo
10 1 (0.023%) Siemens NX
10 1 (0.023%) UXPin
10 1 (0.023%) Weka
Business Applications
1 31 (0.70%) FINCAD Analytics
2 10 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
3 7 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
3 7 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 6 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
4 6 (0.14%) Unit4 Business World
5 5 (0.11%) Markit EDM
5 5 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
6 4 (0.090%) Magento
6 4 (0.090%) PolarLake
6 4 (0.090%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.068%) Payment Gateway
7 3 (0.068%) R3 Corda
8 2 (0.045%) BusinessWorks
8 2 (0.045%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.045%) Oracle Retail
8 2 (0.045%) RMDS
8 2 (0.045%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.045%) SimCorp Dimension
Cloud Services
1 1,545 (34.95%) AWS
2 792 (17.92%) Azure
3 668 (15.11%) GCP
4 345 (7.81%) Serverless
5 287 (6.49%) Amazon S3
6 278 (6.29%) AWS Lambda
7 236 (5.34%) GitHub
8 212 (4.80%) AWS CloudFormation
9 162 (3.67%) Amazon EC2
10 138 (3.12%) OpenShift
11 132 (2.99%) Power Platform
12 108 (2.44%) Amazon ECS
13 105 (2.38%) Amazon SQS
14 83 (1.88%) IaaS
15 81 (1.83%) Amazon Kinesis
16 75 (1.70%) Azure Data Factory
16 75 (1.70%) PaaS
17 73 (1.65%) Amazon EMR
18 72 (1.63%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 68 (1.54%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 108 (2.44%) Firewall
2 62 (1.40%) VPN
3 61 (1.38%) DNS
4 50 (1.13%) TCP/IP
5 46 (1.04%) Internet
6 44 (1.00%) HTTP
7 43 (0.97%) WAN
8 37 (0.84%) BGP
9 28 (0.63%) Network Security
10 26 (0.59%) Intrusion Detection
10 26 (0.59%) Wi-Fi
11 25 (0.57%) DHCP
12 24 (0.54%) LAN
13 20 (0.45%) Multicast
13 20 (0.45%) SSL
14 19 (0.43%) Cisco ASA
14 19 (0.43%) Wireless
15 18 (0.41%) OSPF
16 16 (0.36%) Cisco Nexus
17 14 (0.32%) EIGRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 503 (11.38%) Big Data
2 434 (9.82%) Hadoop
3 397 (8.98%) PostgreSQL
4 339 (7.67%) NoSQL
5 238 (5.38%) MongoDB
6 224 (5.07%) MySQL
7 219 (4.95%) Data Warehouse
8 212 (4.80%) Relational Database
9 192 (4.34%) SQL Server
10 185 (4.19%) Amazon Redshift
11 159 (3.60%) Apache Hive
12 152 (3.44%) Amazon RDS
13 135 (3.05%) Data Lake
14 133 (3.01%) Amazon Athena
15 132 (2.99%) BigQuery
16 130 (2.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 127 (2.87%) Apache Cassandra
18 115 (2.60%) Power BI
19 86 (1.95%) RDBMS
20 76 (1.72%) Redis
Development Applications
1 623 (14.10%) Jenkins
2 606 (13.71%) Git (software)
3 284 (6.43%) JIRA
4 113 (2.56%) Maven
5 95 (2.15%) Sonatype Nexus
6 91 (2.06%) GitLab
7 89 (2.01%) TeamCity
8 77 (1.74%) RStudio
9 67 (1.52%) Selenium
10 64 (1.45%) Artifactory
11 56 (1.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 56 (1.27%) CircleCI
12 51 (1.15%) Subversion
13 48 (1.09%) Visual Studio Team System
14 47 (1.06%) Bitbucket
15 38 (0.86%) webpack
16 35 (0.79%) gulp
17 33 (0.75%) Gradle
18 29 (0.66%) Cucumber
19 28 (0.63%) Vagrant
General
1 1,100 (24.89%) Finance
2 460 (10.41%) Banking
3 454 (10.27%) Front Office
4 168 (3.80%) Investment Banking
5 101 (2.29%) Public Sector
6 97 (2.19%) Retail
7 88 (1.99%) Marketing
8 56 (1.27%) Games
9 53 (1.20%) Telecoms
10 51 (1.15%) Legal
11 47 (1.06%) Advertising
12 44 (1.00%) Financial Institution
13 36 (0.81%) Publishing
14 30 (0.68%) Law
15 29 (0.66%) Retail Banking
16 17 (0.38%) Manufacturing
17 15 (0.34%) Electronics
18 13 (0.29%) Aerospace
19 12 (0.27%) Back Office
20 9 (0.20%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,603 (36.27%) Developer
2 870 (19.68%) Python Developer
3 633 (14.32%) DevOps Engineer
4 503 (11.38%) Data Engineer
5 413 (9.34%) Python Engineer
6 328 (7.42%) AWS Engineer
7 304 (6.88%) Data Scientist
8 260 (5.88%) Senior Developer
9 252 (5.70%) Architect
10 215 (4.86%) Analyst
11 210 (4.75%) Software Engineer
12 205 (4.64%) Cloud Engineer
13 188 (4.25%) Java Developer
14 155 (3.51%) AWS DevOps
15 147 (3.33%) AWS Developer
16 143 (3.24%) Senior Python Developer
17 140 (3.17%) AWS DevOps Engineer
18 109 (2.47%) Azure Engineer
19 107 (2.42%) Full Stack Developer
20 89 (2.01%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 433 (9.80%) Web Services
2 419 (9.48%) Node.js
3 342 (7.74%) React
4 338 (7.65%) Kafka
5 308 (6.97%) Django
6 276 (6.24%) AngularJS
7 238 (5.38%) HTML
8 229 (5.18%) REST
9 227 (5.14%) Flask
10 214 (4.84%) .NET
11 205 (4.64%) Pandas
12 192 (4.34%) CSS
13 168 (3.80%) JSON
14 163 (3.69%) Natural Language Processing
15 153 (3.46%) PySpark
16 152 (3.44%) NumPy
17 142 (3.21%) RESTful
18 114 (2.58%) J2EE
19 106 (2.40%) Spring
20 100 (2.26%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 287 (6.49%) Greenfield Project
2 257 (5.81%) Analytical Skills
3 243 (5.50%) Fixed Income
4 235 (5.32%) Algorithms
5 228 (5.16%) Derivative
6 155 (3.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 116 (2.62%) Equities
8 108 (2.44%) User Experience
9 105 (2.38%) Public Cloud
10 99 (2.24%) Hedge funds
11 97 (2.19%) Data Structures
12 87 (1.97%) Data Centre
13 82 (1.86%) Self-Motivation
14 71 (1.61%) Linux Command Line
15 55 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
16 54 (1.22%) Mobile App
17 47 (1.06%) Blog
18 44 (1.00%) Management Information System
19 43 (0.97%) Market Risk
20 41 (0.93%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 983 (22.24%) Linux
2 313 (7.08%) Unix
3 271 (6.13%) Windows
4 186 (4.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 67 (1.52%) CentOS
6 66 (1.49%) Ubuntu
7 53 (1.20%) Android
8 51 (1.15%) Apple iOS
9 49 (1.11%) Windows Server
10 41 (0.93%) Mac OS X
11 39 (0.88%) Mac OS
12 20 (0.45%) Embedded Linux
13 19 (0.43%) Debian
14 15 (0.34%) Solaris
14 15 (0.34%) VMS
15 13 (0.29%) CoreOS
16 11 (0.25%) openSUSE
17 10 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
18 8 (0.18%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
19 5 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,573 (35.59%) Agile Software Development
2 1,280 (28.96%) DevOps
3 702 (15.88%) Data Science
4 594 (13.44%) Analytics
5 585 (13.24%) Machine Learning
6 547 (12.38%) Software Engineering
7 530 (11.99%) Microservices
8 480 (10.86%) TDD
9 474 (10.72%) Continuous Integration
10 379 (8.57%) Scrum
11 372 (8.42%) ETL
12 338 (7.65%) Test Automation
13 333 (7.53%) Open Source
14 305 (6.90%) Artificial Intelligence
15 292 (6.61%) Computer Science
16 273 (6.18%) Problem-Solving
17 269 (6.09%) Asset Management
17 269 (6.09%) Migration
18 261 (5.90%) Configuration Management
19 256 (5.79%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 1,462 (33.08%) Java
2 1,201 (27.17%) SQL
3 778 (17.60%) JavaScript
4 504 (11.40%) Bash Shell
5 466 (10.54%) C++
6 442 (10.00%) Ruby
7 416 (9.41%) C#
8 388 (8.78%) Scala
9 387 (8.76%) R
10 318 (7.19%) Go
11 306 (6.92%) Perl
12 226 (5.11%) PowerShell
13 167 (3.78%) Shell Script
14 118 (2.67%) Groovy
15 110 (2.49%) PHP
16 91 (2.06%) C
17 65 (1.47%) VBA
18 54 (1.22%) T-SQL
19 46 (1.04%) MATLAB
20 44 (1.00%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 300 (6.79%) Security Cleared
2 283 (6.40%) Degree
3 203 (4.59%) SC Cleared
4 138 (3.12%) PhD
5 85 (1.92%) AWS Certification
6 81 (1.83%) Computer Science Degree
7 50 (1.13%) DV Cleared
8 46 (1.04%) Cisco Certification
9 40 (0.90%) Master's Degree
10 31 (0.70%) RHCE
11 28 (0.63%) Microsoft Certification
11 28 (0.63%) Numerate Degree
12 25 (0.57%) CCNP
13 22 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
14 21 (0.48%) MCSA
15 20 (0.45%) CISSP
16 13 (0.29%) CTC Cleared
16 13 (0.29%) DBS Check
17 10 (0.23%) CCIE
17 10 (0.23%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 108 (2.44%) QA
2 46 (1.04%) Data Quality
3 25 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 25 (0.57%) NIST
4 17 (0.38%) COBIT
4 17 (0.38%) PCI DSS
5 13 (0.29%) GDPR
6 11 (0.25%) MiFID
7 9 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
8 8 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 8 (0.18%) SLA
9 7 (0.16%) EMIR
10 4 (0.090%) HIPAA
10 4 (0.090%) NIST 800
10 4 (0.090%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.068%) PMO
12 2 (0.045%) Basel III
12 2 (0.045%) COREP
12 2 (0.045%) CRD IV
12 2 (0.045%) Solvency II
System Software
1 935 (21.15%) Docker
2 67 (1.52%) VMware Infrastructure
3 57 (1.29%) HDFS
4 41 (0.93%) Active Directory
5 30 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
6 29 (0.66%) Hyper-V
7 16 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
8 13 (0.29%) VirtualBox
9 11 (0.25%) KVM
10 10 (0.23%) Firmware
10 10 (0.23%) vSphere
11 9 (0.20%) Apache Flume
11 9 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 7 (0.16%) NFS
12 7 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
13 6 (0.14%) Samba
13 6 (0.14%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 6 (0.14%) Xen
14 4 (0.090%) VMware NSX
15 3 (0.068%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 744 (16.83%) Kubernetes
2 606 (13.71%) Terraform
3 587 (13.28%) Ansible
4 308 (6.97%) Puppet
5 276 (6.24%) Opscode Chef
6 64 (1.45%) Salt
7 63 (1.43%) Grafana
8 47 (1.06%) Hadoop YARN
8 47 (1.06%) Packer
9 45 (1.02%) Prometheus
10 40 (0.90%) Consul
11 39 (0.88%) Kibana
12 30 (0.68%) ZABBIX
13 26 (0.59%) Docker Swarm
13 26 (0.59%) Suricata
14 24 (0.54%) Nagios
15 23 (0.52%) Istio
15 23 (0.52%) logstash
16 22 (0.50%) Kubeflow
17 19 (0.43%) Graphite
Vendors
1 493 (11.15%) Google
2 295 (6.67%) Oracle
3 247 (5.59%) Microsoft
4 161 (3.64%) Red Hat
5 149 (3.37%) Tableau
6 142 (3.21%) Splunk
7 96 (2.17%) Databricks
8 91 (2.06%) VMware
9 69 (1.56%) Bloomberg
10 63 (1.43%) Cisco
11 55 (1.24%) Cloudera
12 51 (1.15%) Reuters
13 49 (1.11%) Informatica
13 49 (1.11%) Salesforce.com
14 47 (1.06%) Hortonworks
15 45 (1.02%) Sybase
16 44 (1.00%) Alteryx
17 42 (0.95%) SAP
18 41 (0.93%) IBM
19 40 (0.90%) Atlassian