Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 10 14 14
Rank change year-on-year +4 0 +12
Contract jobs citing Python 4,751 4,399 3,912
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 12.16% 9.58% 8.91%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.79% 19.04% 18.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,366 3,183 2,916
London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £388
90th Percentile £725 £700 £675
England median daily rate £538 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 38 41
London median hourly rate £46.25 £44.38 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.23% +36.54% +19.63%
10th Percentile £26.13 £13.03 £26.08
90th Percentile £55.25 £60.72 £47.83
England median hourly rate £46.50 £41.63 £40.00
% change year-on-year +11.69% +4.08% +2.56%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 18,423 23,105 21,169
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.15% 50.31% 48.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,929 17,600 15,818
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £338
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
England median daily rate £480 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 112 148 152
London median hourly rate £45.00 £38.75 £35.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.13% +9.93% +11.14%
10th Percentile £20.37 £18.41 £17.30
90th Percentile £61.20 £62.63 £51.80
England median hourly rate £44.53 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.03% +5.00% +6.67%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 957 £555 +0.91% 452
West London +19 178 £500 +2.56% 124
East London +3 132 £550 - 62
South London +2 102 £538 +4.88% 35
North London -2 3 £400 -27.27% 12
Python
England

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,789 (37.66%) Agile Software Development
2 1,723 (36.27%) AWS
3 1,648 (34.69%) Java
4 1,439 (30.29%) DevOps
5 1,368 (28.79%) SQL
6 1,200 (25.26%) Finance
7 1,061 (22.33%) Linux
8 1,017 (21.41%) Docker
9 825 (17.36%) Kubernetes
10 823 (17.32%) Azure
11 802 (16.88%) JavaScript
12 785 (16.52%) Data Science
13 718 (15.11%) Jenkins
14 692 (14.57%) Terraform
15 665 (14.00%) GCP
16 662 (13.93%) Big Data
17 649 (13.66%) Apache Spark
18 647 (13.62%) Git (software)
19 644 (13.56%) Analytics
20 636 (13.39%) Machine Learning
21 621 (13.07%) Ansible
22 566 (11.91%) Bash Shell
23 547 (11.51%) TDD
24 540 (11.37%) Hadoop
25 526 (11.07%) Software Engineering
26 516 (10.86%) Google
27 506 (10.65%) Ruby
28 499 (10.50%) Continuous Integration
29 490 (10.31%) Banking
30 488 (10.27%) Microservices

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 649 (13.66%) Apache Spark
2 230 (4.84%) Elasticsearch
3 218 (4.59%) Apache
4 147 (3.09%) Confluence
5 114 (2.40%) Apache Airflow
6 79 (1.66%) SAS
7 70 (1.47%) nginx
8 45 (0.95%) Jupyter
9 43 (0.91%) Tomcat
10 38 (0.80%) OpenStack
11 32 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
11 32 (0.67%) SharePoint
12 29 (0.61%) IIS
13 28 (0.59%) ArcGIS
14 24 (0.51%) WebLogic
15 22 (0.46%) JBoss
16 19 (0.40%) WebSphere
17 18 (0.38%) Luigi
18 17 (0.36%) GeoServer
19 15 (0.32%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 104 (2.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (0.40%) SPSS
3 16 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (0.21%) Stata
5 9 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
6 6 (0.13%) MS Visio
7 5 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.042%) Autodesk Inventor
8 2 (0.042%) CATIA
8 2 (0.042%) GNU Octave
8 2 (0.042%) PTC Creo
8 2 (0.042%) Siemens NX
8 2 (0.042%) Sketch
8 2 (0.042%) SOLIDWORKS
9 1 (0.021%) 3ds Max
9 1 (0.021%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.021%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.021%) UXPin
9 1 (0.021%) Weka
Business Applications
1 17 (0.36%) Distributed Ledger
2 9 (0.19%) R3 Corda
3 8 (0.17%) Magento
3 8 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 6 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
4 6 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
4 6 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
4 6 (0.13%) Unit4 Business World
5 5 (0.11%) Markit EDM
6 4 (0.084%) PolarLake
6 4 (0.084%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.063%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.042%) Eloqua
8 2 (0.042%) FINCAD Analytics
8 2 (0.042%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.042%) Oracle Retail
8 2 (0.042%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.042%) SimCorp Dimension
9 1 (0.021%) Actimize
Cloud Services
1 1,723 (36.27%) AWS
2 823 (17.32%) Azure
3 665 (14.00%) GCP
4 409 (8.61%) Serverless
5 366 (7.70%) Amazon S3
6 328 (6.90%) AWS Lambda
7 261 (5.49%) GitHub
8 249 (5.24%) AWS CloudFormation
9 215 (4.53%) Amazon EC2
10 170 (3.58%) Amazon ECS
11 151 (3.18%) OpenShift
12 147 (3.09%) Power Platform
13 145 (3.05%) Amazon SQS
14 115 (2.42%) Amazon Kinesis
15 104 (2.19%) IaaS
16 103 (2.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 99 (2.08%) PaaS
18 85 (1.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 81 (1.70%) Amazon EMR
20 77 (1.62%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 120 (2.53%) Firewall
2 72 (1.52%) DNS
3 58 (1.22%) Internet
3 58 (1.22%) TCP/IP
4 54 (1.14%) HTTP
4 54 (1.14%) WAN
5 41 (0.86%) VPN
6 36 (0.76%) BGP
7 33 (0.69%) DHCP
8 25 (0.53%) Wi-Fi
9 24 (0.51%) Intrusion Detection
9 24 (0.51%) LAN
10 23 (0.48%) Multicast
11 22 (0.46%) Network Security
12 18 (0.38%) OSPF
12 18 (0.38%) Wireless
13 15 (0.32%) SAN
14 14 (0.29%) SSL
15 13 (0.27%) Cisco ASA
15 13 (0.27%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 662 (13.93%) Big Data
2 540 (11.37%) Hadoop
3 416 (8.76%) PostgreSQL
4 402 (8.46%) NoSQL
5 292 (6.15%) MongoDB
6 281 (5.91%) Data Warehouse
7 250 (5.26%) SQL Server
8 249 (5.24%) MySQL
9 223 (4.69%) Relational Database
10 213 (4.48%) Amazon Redshift
11 212 (4.46%) Apache Hive
12 178 (3.75%) Amazon RDS
13 173 (3.64%) Data Lake
14 148 (3.12%) Apache Cassandra
15 142 (2.99%) BigQuery
16 129 (2.72%) Power BI
17 115 (2.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 101 (2.13%) Amazon Athena
19 90 (1.89%) RDBMS
20 73 (1.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 718 (15.11%) Jenkins
2 647 (13.62%) Git (software)
3 337 (7.09%) JIRA
4 113 (2.38%) RStudio
5 110 (2.32%) TeamCity
6 109 (2.29%) Maven
7 105 (2.21%) Artifactory
8 101 (2.13%) Sonatype Nexus
9 99 (2.08%) Selenium
10 83 (1.75%) GitLab
11 78 (1.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 78 (1.64%) Bitbucket
12 61 (1.28%) CircleCI
13 56 (1.18%) Visual Studio Team System
14 50 (1.05%) Subversion
15 49 (1.03%) Cucumber
16 44 (0.93%) Gradle
17 34 (0.72%) Jasmine
17 34 (0.72%) webpack
18 33 (0.69%) gulp
General
1 1,200 (25.26%) Finance
2 490 (10.31%) Banking
3 422 (8.88%) Front Office
4 172 (3.62%) Investment Banking
5 132 (2.78%) Retail
6 108 (2.27%) Public Sector
7 99 (2.08%) Marketing
8 71 (1.49%) Financial Institution
9 65 (1.37%) Games
10 51 (1.07%) Advertising
11 46 (0.97%) Legal
12 45 (0.95%) Telecoms
13 36 (0.76%) Publishing
13 36 (0.76%) Retail Banking
14 28 (0.59%) Law
15 17 (0.36%) Electronics
15 17 (0.36%) Manufacturing
16 16 (0.34%) Back Office
17 10 (0.21%) Aerospace
18 7 (0.15%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,681 (35.38%) Developer
2 894 (18.82%) Python Developer
3 702 (14.78%) DevOps Engineer
4 606 (12.76%) Data Engineer
5 440 (9.26%) Python Engineer
6 377 (7.94%) AWS Engineer
7 354 (7.45%) Data Scientist
8 249 (5.24%) Senior Developer
9 246 (5.18%) Architect
10 244 (5.14%) Cloud Engineer
11 229 (4.82%) Analyst
12 221 (4.65%) Java Developer
13 188 (3.96%) AWS DevOps
14 177 (3.73%) AWS Developer
15 167 (3.52%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 165 (3.47%) Software Engineer
17 122 (2.57%) Big Data Engineer
18 121 (2.55%) Senior Python Developer
19 95 (2.00%) SQL Developer
20 92 (1.94%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 467 (9.83%) Web Services
2 431 (9.07%) Node.js
3 418 (8.80%) Kafka
4 321 (6.76%) React
5 313 (6.59%) Django
6 260 (5.47%) HTML
7 255 (5.37%) REST
8 246 (5.18%) Flask
9 241 (5.07%) AngularJS
10 215 (4.53%) .NET
10 215 (4.53%) Pandas
11 208 (4.38%) CSS
12 188 (3.96%) JSON
12 188 (3.96%) RESTful
13 173 (3.64%) Natural Language Processing
13 173 (3.64%) PySpark
14 137 (2.88%) NumPy
15 123 (2.59%) Spring
16 116 (2.44%) J2EE
17 105 (2.21%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 284 (5.98%) Analytical Skills
2 267 (5.62%) Algorithms
3 244 (5.14%) Greenfield Project
4 211 (4.44%) Fixed Income
5 159 (3.35%) Derivative
6 121 (2.55%) Public Cloud
7 113 (2.38%) User Experience
8 110 (2.32%) Hedge funds
9 107 (2.25%) Data Structures
10 98 (2.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 84 (1.77%) Linux Command Line
12 82 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
13 72 (1.52%) Data Centre
14 66 (1.39%) Mobile App
15 63 (1.33%) Equities
16 57 (1.20%) Enterprise Software
17 56 (1.18%) Cloud Native
18 50 (1.05%) Market Risk
19 47 (0.99%) Management Information System
20 44 (0.93%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 1,061 (22.33%) Linux
2 330 (6.95%) Unix
3 291 (6.13%) Windows
4 202 (4.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 81 (1.70%) CentOS
6 57 (1.20%) Android
6 57 (1.20%) Ubuntu
7 53 (1.12%) Apple iOS
8 42 (0.88%) Windows Server
9 40 (0.84%) Mac OS
10 35 (0.74%) Mac OS X
11 27 (0.57%) Solaris
12 19 (0.40%) Debian
13 16 (0.34%) VMS
14 12 (0.25%) CoreOS
14 12 (0.25%) Embedded Linux
15 11 (0.23%) openSUSE
16 10 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
17 8 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
18 7 (0.15%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,789 (37.66%) Agile Software Development
2 1,439 (30.29%) DevOps
3 785 (16.52%) Data Science
4 644 (13.56%) Analytics
5 636 (13.39%) Machine Learning
6 547 (11.51%) TDD
7 526 (11.07%) Software Engineering
8 499 (10.50%) Continuous Integration
9 488 (10.27%) Microservices
10 462 (9.72%) Test Automation
11 458 (9.64%) Scrum
12 398 (8.38%) Open Source
13 391 (8.23%) ETL
14 341 (7.18%) Computer Science
15 312 (6.57%) Problem-Solving
16 308 (6.48%) Artificial Intelligence
17 305 (6.42%) Data Modelling
18 300 (6.31%) Configuration Management
19 292 (6.15%) Visualisation
20 281 (5.91%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 1,648 (34.69%) Java
2 1,368 (28.79%) SQL
3 802 (16.88%) JavaScript
4 566 (11.91%) Bash Shell
5 506 (10.65%) Ruby
6 468 (9.85%) Scala
7 422 (8.88%) C++
8 412 (8.67%) R
9 399 (8.40%) C#
10 365 (7.68%) Perl
11 352 (7.41%) Go
12 292 (6.15%) PowerShell
13 198 (4.17%) Shell Script
14 143 (3.01%) PHP
15 132 (2.78%) Groovy
16 103 (2.17%) C
17 79 (1.66%) VBA
18 66 (1.39%) MATLAB
19 64 (1.35%) Java 8
20 58 (1.22%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 307 (6.46%) Degree
2 257 (5.41%) Security Cleared
3 174 (3.66%) SC Cleared
4 150 (3.16%) PhD
5 132 (2.78%) AWS Certification
6 105 (2.21%) Computer Science Degree
7 48 (1.01%) Master's Degree
8 46 (0.97%) Cisco Certification
9 27 (0.57%) RHCE
10 23 (0.48%) CCNP
11 21 (0.44%) CISSP
11 21 (0.44%) DV Cleared
11 21 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
12 18 (0.38%) BPSS Clearance
13 16 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
14 13 (0.27%) CCNA
14 13 (0.27%) MCSA
15 11 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
16 10 (0.21%) DBS Check
17 9 (0.19%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 122 (2.57%) QA
2 74 (1.56%) Data Quality
3 25 (0.53%) GDPR
4 23 (0.48%) NIST
5 22 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 17 (0.36%) COBIT
7 16 (0.34%) PCI DSS
8 11 (0.23%) SLA
9 8 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 7 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
11 6 (0.13%) MiFID
12 3 (0.063%) CRD IV
12 3 (0.063%) PMO
13 2 (0.042%) COREP
13 2 (0.042%) EMIR
13 2 (0.042%) ISO 8583
13 2 (0.042%) NIST 800
14 1 (0.021%) HIPAA
14 1 (0.021%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 1 (0.021%) WAI
System Software
1 1,017 (21.41%) Docker
2 68 (1.43%) HDFS
3 67 (1.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 42 (0.88%) Active Directory
5 41 (0.86%) Apache Flume
6 36 (0.76%) Virtual Machines
7 26 (0.55%) VMware ESXi
8 23 (0.48%) Hyper-V
9 16 (0.34%) KVM
10 12 (0.25%) VirtualBox
10 12 (0.25%) vSphere
11 10 (0.21%) Firmware
12 9 (0.19%) Samba
13 8 (0.17%) Xen
14 7 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
15 6 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 6 (0.13%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 6 (0.13%) XenApp
16 5 (0.11%) NFS
17 4 (0.084%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 825 (17.36%) Kubernetes
2 692 (14.57%) Terraform
3 621 (13.07%) Ansible
4 322 (6.78%) Puppet
5 291 (6.13%) Opscode Chef
6 70 (1.47%) Grafana
7 65 (1.37%) Salt
8 63 (1.33%) Hadoop YARN
9 54 (1.14%) Prometheus
10 50 (1.05%) Kibana
11 47 (0.99%) Packer
12 44 (0.93%) Consul
13 34 (0.72%) ZABBIX
14 30 (0.63%) Nagios
15 28 (0.59%) logstash
16 27 (0.57%) Suricata
17 25 (0.53%) Istio
18 24 (0.51%) Nessus
19 20 (0.42%) Mesos
20 19 (0.40%) Graphite
Vendors
1 516 (10.86%) Google
2 268 (5.64%) Microsoft
2 268 (5.64%) Oracle
3 195 (4.10%) Red Hat
4 187 (3.94%) Tableau
5 173 (3.64%) Splunk
6 92 (1.94%) VMware
7 79 (1.66%) Cloudera
7 79 (1.66%) Databricks
8 77 (1.62%) Informatica
9 69 (1.45%) Bloomberg
10 67 (1.41%) Atlassian
10 67 (1.41%) Talend
11 63 (1.33%) IBM
12 62 (1.30%) Cisco
13 61 (1.28%) Reuters
14 60 (1.26%) SAP
15 51 (1.07%) Alteryx
15 51 (1.07%) Hortonworks
16 46 (0.97%) Salesforce.com