Period
to 3 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 9 12
Rank change year-on-year -1 +3 +3
Contract jobs citing Python 4,032 2,144 4,685
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 13.26% 13.71% 11.59%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.35% 27.44% 24.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,960 1,572 3,334
10th Percentile £406 £413 £413
25th Percentile £475 £475 £488
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% - -
75th Percentile £675 £675 £650
90th Percentile £738 £750 £725
England median daily rate £550 £550 £538
% change year-on-year - +2.33% +2.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 18 37
10th Percentile £28.79 £24.78 £25.25
25th Percentile £34.88 £35.00 £32.50
Median hourly rate £41.30 £38.50 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +7.27% -18.95% +1.06%
75th Percentile £57.50 £50.77 £52.50
90th Percentile £66.05 £62.16 £55.60
England median hourly rate £40.50 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -4.71% -5.56% +8.43%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 14,224 7,812 19,130
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 46.78% 49.96% 47.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,605 5,794 14,552
10th Percentile £388 £363 £363
25th Percentile £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.44%
75th Percentile £650 £638 £613
90th Percentile £725 £725 £688
England median daily rate £520 £500 £480
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 81 66 103
10th Percentile £20.99 £22.50 £16.70
25th Percentile £32.50 £32.07 £21.25
Median hourly rate £44.50 £45.71 £44.57
Median % change year-on-year -2.64% +2.56% +14.27%
75th Percentile £60.00 £57.25 £52.50
90th Percentile £68.36 £65.06 £56.50
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year - -5.56% +9.76%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 400 £566 +2.95% 453
West London +11 61 £523 +4.50% 123
South London +4 34 £575 +15.00% 19
East London -9 10 £465 -6.53% 102
North London - 4 £150 - 10
Python
England

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,503 (37.28%) SQL
2 1,349 (33.46%) AWS
3 1,232 (30.56%) Agile Software Development
4 1,160 (28.77%) Azure
5 1,158 (28.72%) DevOps
6 1,131 (28.05%) Finance
7 1,093 (27.11%) Java
8 763 (18.92%) JavaScript
9 745 (18.48%) Linux
10 732 (18.15%) Analytics
11 730 (18.11%) Social Skills
12 716 (17.76%) Kubernetes
13 655 (16.25%) Docker
14 653 (16.20%) Terraform
15 645 (16.00%) Git (software)
16 621 (15.40%) Software Engineering
17 593 (14.71%) Ansible
18 582 (14.43%) Jenkins
19 576 (14.29%) GCP
20 528 (13.10%) Banking
21 462 (11.46%) Data Science
22 458 (11.36%) Test Automation
23 446 (11.06%) React
23 446 (11.06%) Serverless
24 432 (10.71%) Oracle
25 424 (10.52%) C#
26 410 (10.17%) Microservices
27 409 (10.14%) Front Office
28 399 (9.90%) C++
29 384 (9.52%) Degree

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 329 (8.16%) Apache Spark
2 178 (4.41%) Apache
3 164 (4.07%) Confluence
4 129 (3.20%) Apache Airflow
5 56 (1.39%) Elasticsearch
6 53 (1.31%) SAS
7 49 (1.22%) SharePoint
8 42 (1.04%) Jupyter
8 42 (1.04%) nginx
9 41 (1.02%) Tomcat
10 40 (0.99%) Oracle Coherence
11 38 (0.94%) BizTalk Server
12 31 (0.77%) IIS
13 29 (0.72%) WebLogic
14 26 (0.64%) Luigi
15 25 (0.62%) WebSphere
16 23 (0.57%) CMS
17 21 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
18 18 (0.45%) OpenStack
19 17 (0.42%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 118 (2.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (1.02%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (0.35%) SPSS
5 12 (0.30%) Chatbot
5 12 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
6 11 (0.27%) Stata
7 6 (0.15%) MS Visio
8 5 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
9 4 (0.099%) Blender
10 3 (0.074%) Photoshop
11 2 (0.050%) GIMP
11 2 (0.050%) Maya
12 1 (0.025%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 1 (0.025%) AutoCAD
12 1 (0.025%) CINEMA 4D
12 1 (0.025%) Houdini
12 1 (0.025%) Simulink
12 1 (0.025%) SOLIDWORKS
12 1 (0.025%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 32 (0.79%) SunGard Martini
2 24 (0.60%) ION MarketView
3 8 (0.20%) Sentinel
4 7 (0.17%) RMDS
5 6 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
5 6 (0.15%) Relativity
6 5 (0.12%) IBM Planning Analytics
7 4 (0.099%) Magento
7 4 (0.099%) Oracle EBS
7 4 (0.099%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 4 (0.099%) Towers Watson Igloo
8 2 (0.050%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.050%) IntelliMatch
8 2 (0.050%) NetSuite
8 2 (0.050%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.050%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.050%) Sonata
9 1 (0.025%) Cognos Controller
9 1 (0.025%) Front Arena
9 1 (0.025%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,349 (33.46%) AWS
2 1,160 (28.77%) Azure
3 576 (14.29%) GCP
4 446 (11.06%) Serverless
5 282 (6.99%) AWS Lambda
6 249 (6.18%) GitHub
7 220 (5.46%) Power Platform
8 187 (4.64%) Amazon S3
9 157 (3.89%) AWS CloudFormation
10 143 (3.55%) Amazon EC2
11 133 (3.30%) Azure Data Factory
11 133 (3.30%) PaaS
12 126 (3.13%) IaaS
13 124 (3.08%) Azure Functions
14 97 (2.41%) SaaS
15 94 (2.33%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 60 (1.49%) Azure Storage
17 59 (1.46%) Amazon EKS
17 59 (1.46%) Cloud Computing
18 58 (1.44%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 108 (2.68%) Firewall
2 77 (1.91%) HTTP
3 71 (1.76%) TCP/IP
4 63 (1.56%) DNS
5 40 (0.99%) SSL
6 38 (0.94%) Internet
7 29 (0.72%) VPN
8 28 (0.69%) Multicast
8 28 (0.69%) Network Security
9 26 (0.64%) SAN
10 24 (0.60%) Kerberos
11 20 (0.50%) BGP
12 19 (0.47%) NAS
12 19 (0.47%) WAN
13 18 (0.45%) DHCP
14 15 (0.37%) Wireless
15 13 (0.32%) FTP
16 10 (0.25%) IPv4
16 10 (0.25%) LAN
16 10 (0.25%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 345 (8.56%) Big Data
2 261 (6.47%) Data Warehouse
3 225 (5.58%) NoSQL
4 224 (5.56%) Hadoop
5 222 (5.51%) SQL Server
6 216 (5.36%) Power BI
7 209 (5.18%) PostgreSQL
8 199 (4.94%) Relational Database
9 176 (4.37%) MongoDB
10 168 (4.17%) Tableau
11 153 (3.79%) Data Lake
12 133 (3.30%) BigQuery
13 111 (2.75%) MySQL
14 108 (2.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 108 (2.68%) Azure SQL Database
15 102 (2.53%) Apache Hive
16 85 (2.11%) Oracle Database
17 78 (1.93%) Amazon Redshift
18 74 (1.84%) Apache Cassandra
19 54 (1.34%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 645 (16.00%) Git (software)
2 582 (14.43%) Jenkins
3 287 (7.12%) JIRA
4 146 (3.62%) GitLab
5 136 (3.37%) Maven
6 118 (2.93%) TeamCity
7 114 (2.83%) Subversion
8 100 (2.48%) Bitbucket
9 78 (1.93%) Artifactory
10 77 (1.91%) Visual Studio
11 65 (1.61%) Sonatype Nexus
12 63 (1.56%) Selenium
13 55 (1.36%) Gradle
14 52 (1.29%) Cucumber
15 47 (1.17%) CircleCI
16 41 (1.02%) Visual Studio Team System
17 40 (0.99%) Oracle APEX
18 35 (0.87%) gulp
18 35 (0.87%) Travis CI
19 34 (0.84%) Jasmine
General
1 1,131 (28.05%) Finance
2 730 (18.11%) Social Skills
3 528 (13.10%) Banking
4 409 (10.14%) Front Office
5 361 (8.95%) Analytical Skills
6 220 (5.46%) Investment Banking
7 151 (3.75%) Public Sector
8 125 (3.10%) Presentation Skills
9 116 (2.88%) Marketing
10 78 (1.93%) Retail
11 55 (1.36%) Telecoms
12 53 (1.31%) Back Office
13 47 (1.17%) Financial Institution
14 39 (0.97%) Documentation Skills
15 34 (0.84%) Legal
16 32 (0.79%) Manufacturing
17 28 (0.69%) Influencing Skills
18 26 (0.64%) Games
18 26 (0.64%) Organisational Skills
19 25 (0.62%) Law
Job Titles
1 1,352 (33.53%) Developer
2 601 (14.91%) Python Developer
3 476 (11.81%) Data Engineer
4 399 (9.90%) DevOps Engineer
5 299 (7.42%) Analyst
6 280 (6.94%) Python Engineer
7 194 (4.81%) AWS Engineer
8 190 (4.71%) Architect
9 186 (4.61%) Azure Engineer
10 184 (4.56%) Data Scientist
11 180 (4.46%) Software Engineer
12 154 (3.82%) React Developer
13 128 (3.17%) Cloud Engineer
14 126 (3.13%) Data Analyst
14 126 (3.13%) Java Developer
15 108 (2.68%) Senior Developer
16 98 (2.43%) Consultant
17 96 (2.38%) C++ Developer
18 95 (2.36%) Front Office Developer
19 87 (2.16%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 446 (11.06%) React
2 321 (7.96%) .NET
3 319 (7.91%) Web Services
4 302 (7.49%) Node.js
5 295 (7.32%) AngularJS
6 293 (7.27%) Kafka
7 246 (6.10%) Django
8 209 (5.18%) REST
9 200 (4.96%) HTML
10 164 (4.07%) Flask
11 161 (3.99%) CSS
12 159 (3.94%) Pandas
13 147 (3.65%) JSON
14 146 (3.62%) NumPy
15 144 (3.57%) RESTful
16 136 (3.37%) PySpark
17 124 (3.08%) Spring
18 109 (2.70%) XML
19 107 (2.65%) GraphQL
20 98 (2.43%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 212 (5.26%) Derivative
2 206 (5.11%) Algorithms
3 193 (4.79%) Fixed Income
4 180 (4.46%) Cloud Native
5 173 (4.29%) Equities
6 147 (3.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 130 (3.22%) Hedge funds
8 123 (3.05%) Data Structures
9 113 (2.80%) User Experience
10 101 (2.50%) Management Information System
11 80 (1.98%) Greenfield Project
12 77 (1.91%) Data Centre
13 71 (1.76%) Data Protection Act
14 70 (1.74%) Legacy Systems
15 68 (1.69%) Credit Risk
16 64 (1.59%) Public Cloud
17 52 (1.29%) Market Risk
17 52 (1.29%) Self-Motivation
18 45 (1.12%) Enterprise Software
18 45 (1.12%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 745 (18.48%) Linux
2 334 (8.28%) Windows
3 223 (5.53%) Unix
4 101 (2.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 52 (1.29%) Windows Server
6 36 (0.89%) CentOS
7 35 (0.87%) Ubuntu
8 24 (0.60%) Solaris
9 15 (0.37%) Mac OS X
10 14 (0.35%) Apple iOS
11 13 (0.32%) VMS
12 12 (0.30%) Android
13 11 (0.27%) Debian
14 9 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
15 8 (0.20%) AIX
15 8 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
16 7 (0.17%) Windows 10
16 7 (0.17%) Windows Server 2019
17 6 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
18 5 (0.12%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,232 (30.56%) Agile Software Development
2 1,158 (28.72%) DevOps
3 732 (18.15%) Analytics
4 621 (15.40%) Software Engineering
5 462 (11.46%) Data Science
6 458 (11.36%) Test Automation
7 410 (10.17%) Microservices
8 372 (9.23%) Full Stack Development
9 340 (8.43%) Problem-Solving
10 326 (8.09%) Business Intelligence
11 321 (7.96%) Machine Learning
12 315 (7.81%) Scrum
13 300 (7.44%) Data Engineering
14 293 (7.27%) Visualisation
15 290 (7.19%) ETL
16 289 (7.17%) Infrastructure as Code
17 282 (6.99%) Computer Science
18 273 (6.77%) Continuous Integration
19 264 (6.55%) Data Pipeline
20 248 (6.15%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 1,503 (37.28%) SQL
2 1,093 (27.11%) Java
3 763 (18.92%) JavaScript
4 424 (10.52%) C#
5 399 (9.90%) C++
6 356 (8.83%) Bash Shell
7 285 (7.07%) Scala
8 281 (6.97%) PowerShell
9 245 (6.08%) Go
10 240 (5.95%) TypeScript
11 227 (5.63%) R
12 167 (4.14%) Ruby
13 126 (3.13%) Kotlin
14 124 (3.08%) Shell Script
15 123 (3.05%) Perl
16 108 (2.68%) PL/SQL
17 101 (2.50%) C
17 101 (2.50%) Groovy
18 99 (2.46%) T-SQL
19 87 (2.16%) VBA
Qualifications
1 384 (9.52%) Degree
2 166 (4.12%) Security Cleared
3 120 (2.98%) SC Cleared
4 104 (2.58%) Computer Science Degree
5 59 (1.46%) PhD
6 46 (1.14%) AWS Certification
7 40 (0.99%) DV Cleared
8 35 (0.87%) Master's Degree
9 30 (0.74%) Numerate Degree
10 25 (0.62%) Cisco Certification
11 18 (0.45%) CISSP
12 16 (0.40%) CCNA
13 12 (0.30%) CCNP
14 10 (0.25%) CISM
15 9 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
15 9 (0.22%) ISTQB
16 8 (0.20%) CISA
16 8 (0.20%) GIAC
17 7 (0.17%) CCIE
17 7 (0.17%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 154 (3.82%) QA
2 95 (2.36%) Data Quality
3 34 (0.84%) GDPR
4 29 (0.72%) Accessibility
5 24 (0.60%) SLA
6 16 (0.40%) IFRS
7 13 (0.32%) GRC
7 13 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 10 (0.25%) MiFID
9 6 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 5 (0.12%) EMIR
10 5 (0.12%) HIPAA
10 5 (0.12%) IFRS 9
11 4 (0.099%) NIST
12 3 (0.074%) COBIT
13 2 (0.050%) Actionable Recommendations
13 2 (0.050%) HL7
13 2 (0.050%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 2 (0.050%) JTAG
13 2 (0.050%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 655 (16.25%) Docker
2 75 (1.86%) VMware Infrastructure
3 63 (1.56%) Active Directory
4 28 (0.69%) HDFS
5 25 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
6 22 (0.55%) VMware ESXi
7 21 (0.52%) Platform Symphony
8 14 (0.35%) vSphere
9 13 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 9 (0.22%) Hyper-V
10 9 (0.22%) NFS
11 8 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
11 8 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
12 7 (0.17%) KVM
13 6 (0.15%) GridGain
13 6 (0.15%) Veritas File System
14 5 (0.12%) BitLocker
14 5 (0.12%) iptables
14 5 (0.12%) Veritas Volume Manager
15 4 (0.099%) Xen
Systems Management
1 716 (17.76%) Kubernetes
2 653 (16.20%) Terraform
3 593 (14.71%) Ansible
4 214 (5.31%) Puppet
5 148 (3.67%) Opscode Chef
6 68 (1.69%) Grafana
7 55 (1.36%) Prometheus
8 39 (0.97%) Istio
9 31 (0.77%) BladeLogic
10 27 (0.67%) Control-M
10 27 (0.67%) Packer
11 23 (0.57%) Kibana
12 21 (0.52%) Nagios
13 20 (0.50%) Docker Swarm
13 20 (0.50%) ITRS Geneos
14 19 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
15 18 (0.45%) Salt
16 16 (0.40%) Rancher
17 15 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
17 15 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 432 (10.71%) Oracle
2 286 (7.09%) Google
3 238 (5.90%) Databricks
4 210 (5.21%) Microsoft
5 110 (2.73%) VMware
6 102 (2.53%) Red Hat
7 82 (2.03%) Splunk
8 70 (1.74%) MuleSoft
9 64 (1.59%) IBM
10 61 (1.51%) Salesforce.com
11 54 (1.34%) SAP
12 48 (1.19%) Cisco
13 47 (1.17%) Informatica
14 45 (1.12%) Alteryx
15 44 (1.09%) ServiceNow
16 39 (0.97%) Cloudera
17 37 (0.92%) New Relic
18 35 (0.87%) Adobe
18 35 (0.87%) HP
18 35 (0.87%) TIBCO