Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 12 14
Rank change year-on-year +2 +2 +3
Contract jobs citing Python 2,908 4,539 4,288
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 11.74% 10.64% 9.28%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.55% 22.09% 19.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,113 3,226 3,259
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £413 £400 £408
90th Percentile £713 £722 £688
England median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 36 41
Median hourly rate £42.50 £36.75 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.65% -13.53% -2.30%
10th Percentile £11.58 £22.62 £25.41
90th Percentile £66.79 £57.70 £60.00
England median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -5.56% +12.50% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,843 20,548 22,319
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.81% 48.15% 48.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,585 15,507 17,096
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £369 £363 £350
90th Percentile £694 £675 £675
England median daily rate £500 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 124 121 204
Median hourly rate £43.01 £35.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.89% - -20.45%
10th Percentile £24.50 £18.93 £17.75
90th Percentile £68.31 £53.75 £50.50
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +7 639 £550 - 342
South London +18 117 £525 -4.55% 37
West London -7 72 £500 +7.53% 73
East London -9 42 £525 - 36
North London +17 5 £488 -11.36% 8
Python
England

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,004 (34.53%) AWS
2 978 (33.63%) Java
3 907 (31.19%) Agile Software Development
4 819 (28.16%) DevOps
5 767 (26.38%) Finance
6 756 (26.00%) SQL
7 602 (20.70%) Docker
8 565 (19.43%) Kubernetes
9 552 (18.98%) Linux
10 541 (18.60%) Azure
11 487 (16.75%) JavaScript
12 464 (15.96%) GCP
13 442 (15.20%) Terraform
14 428 (14.72%) Software Engineering
15 404 (13.89%) Data Science
16 400 (13.76%) Jenkins
17 390 (13.41%) Analytics
18 389 (13.38%) Git (software)
19 380 (13.07%) Machine Learning
20 372 (12.79%) Front Office
21 354 (12.17%) Web Services
22 351 (12.07%) Big Data
23 337 (11.59%) Banking
24 326 (11.21%) Ansible
25 316 (10.87%) Microservices
26 309 (10.63%) C#
27 302 (10.39%) R
28 292 (10.04%) Asset Management
29 288 (9.90%) Google
30 286 (9.83%) Apache Spark

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 286 (9.83%) Apache Spark
2 110 (3.78%) Elasticsearch
3 70 (2.41%) Confluence
4 51 (1.75%) Apache
5 43 (1.48%) nginx
6 35 (1.20%) Apache Airflow
7 31 (1.07%) SAS
8 29 (1.00%) Cloud Foundry
9 23 (0.79%) Tomcat
10 17 (0.58%) Jupyter
10 17 (0.58%) OpenStack
11 14 (0.48%) SharePoint
12 11 (0.38%) Apache Pig
12 11 (0.38%) IIS
12 11 (0.38%) WebSphere
13 7 (0.24%) WebLogic
14 6 (0.21%) DNN
15 5 (0.17%) DataSynapse
15 5 (0.17%) Luigi
16 4 (0.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 70 (2.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (0.79%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.17%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.14%) Chatbot
4 4 (0.14%) InDesign
4 4 (0.14%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.10%) SPSS
6 1 (0.034%) AutoCAD
6 1 (0.034%) Blender
6 1 (0.034%) GNU Octave
6 1 (0.034%) MODO
6 1 (0.034%) Stata
6 1 (0.034%) Weka
Business Applications
1 24 (0.83%) FINCAD Analytics
2 17 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
3 16 (0.55%) Markit EDM
3 16 (0.55%) PolarLake
4 11 (0.38%) Eagle PACE
5 10 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
6 7 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
6 7 (0.24%) Sophis RISQUE
7 6 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 5 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
9 3 (0.10%) Front Arena
10 2 (0.069%) Remedy ITSM
11 1 (0.034%) Actimize
11 1 (0.034%) ION MarketView
11 1 (0.034%) Maximo
11 1 (0.034%) NetSuite
11 1 (0.034%) RMDS
11 1 (0.034%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 1,004 (34.53%) AWS
2 541 (18.60%) Azure
3 464 (15.96%) GCP
4 257 (8.84%) Serverless
5 200 (6.88%) Amazon S3
6 195 (6.71%) AWS Lambda
7 169 (5.81%) Amazon EC2
8 157 (5.40%) AWS CloudFormation
9 152 (5.23%) OpenShift
10 130 (4.47%) GitHub
11 99 (3.40%) Amazon SQS
12 91 (3.13%) Amazon ECS
13 85 (2.92%) Power Platform
14 55 (1.89%) PaaS
15 49 (1.69%) Azure Data Factory
16 44 (1.51%) Amazon EKS
17 42 (1.44%) Amazon Kinesis
18 41 (1.41%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 39 (1.34%) Cloud Computing
20 35 (1.20%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 87 (2.99%) Firewall
2 60 (2.06%) HTTP
3 46 (1.58%) TCP/IP
4 45 (1.55%) VPN
5 37 (1.27%) DNS
5 37 (1.27%) Internet
6 29 (1.00%) Network Security
7 28 (0.96%) Wireless
8 24 (0.83%) SSL
9 22 (0.76%) MPLS
10 21 (0.72%) BGP
11 20 (0.69%) Broadband
11 20 (0.69%) SNMP
12 18 (0.62%) IPv4
13 17 (0.58%) DHCP
13 17 (0.58%) HTTPS
14 15 (0.52%) Multicast
14 15 (0.52%) Wireshark
15 14 (0.48%) Kerberos
16 12 (0.41%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 351 (12.07%) Big Data
2 243 (8.36%) Hadoop
3 234 (8.05%) NoSQL
4 187 (6.43%) PostgreSQL
5 163 (5.61%) SQL Server
6 157 (5.40%) Data Warehouse
7 155 (5.33%) Relational Database
8 153 (5.26%) Amazon RDS
9 147 (5.06%) Amazon Redshift
10 131 (4.50%) MySQL
11 129 (4.44%) MongoDB
12 104 (3.58%) Data Lake
13 89 (3.06%) Amazon Athena
14 85 (2.92%) Power BI
15 83 (2.85%) Redis
16 82 (2.82%) Apache Cassandra
17 76 (2.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 72 (2.48%) BigQuery
18 72 (2.48%) RDBMS
19 54 (1.86%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 400 (13.76%) Jenkins
2 389 (13.38%) Git (software)
3 163 (5.61%) JIRA
4 132 (4.54%) GitLab
5 97 (3.34%) Artifactory
6 74 (2.54%) RStudio
7 52 (1.79%) Maven
8 49 (1.69%) TeamCity
9 46 (1.58%) Bitbucket
9 46 (1.58%) Subversion
10 40 (1.38%) CircleCI
10 40 (1.38%) Visual Studio Team System
11 33 (1.13%) Team Foundation Server
12 32 (1.10%) Selenium
13 30 (1.03%) Visual Studio
14 29 (1.00%) gulp
15 27 (0.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 22 (0.76%) Cucumber
16 22 (0.76%) Travis CI
17 21 (0.72%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 767 (26.38%) Finance
2 372 (12.79%) Front Office
3 337 (11.59%) Banking
4 137 (4.71%) Investment Banking
5 74 (2.54%) Public Sector
6 71 (2.44%) Telecoms
7 53 (1.82%) Retail
8 48 (1.65%) Marketing
9 45 (1.55%) Games
10 26 (0.89%) Law
11 21 (0.72%) Back Office
11 21 (0.72%) Financial Institution
11 21 (0.72%) Manufacturing
12 17 (0.58%) Advertising
13 14 (0.48%) Legal
13 14 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
14 13 (0.45%) Publishing
15 11 (0.38%) Aerospace
16 8 (0.28%) Electronics
16 8 (0.28%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 1,082 (37.21%) Developer
2 501 (17.23%) Python Developer
3 372 (12.79%) DevOps Engineer
4 313 (10.76%) Data Engineer
5 280 (9.63%) Python Engineer
6 273 (9.39%) AWS Engineer
7 181 (6.22%) Data Scientist
8 170 (5.85%) Java Developer
9 162 (5.57%) Architect
10 157 (5.40%) AWS Developer
11 144 (4.95%) Software Engineer
12 138 (4.75%) Analyst
13 133 (4.57%) Senior Developer
14 119 (4.09%) Cloud Engineer
15 117 (4.02%) AWS DevOps
16 102 (3.51%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 89 (3.06%) Full Stack Developer
18 79 (2.72%) Java Engineer
19 78 (2.68%) Azure Engineer
20 72 (2.48%) Senior Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 354 (12.17%) Web Services
2 203 (6.98%) Node.js
3 202 (6.95%) React
4 189 (6.50%) Kafka
5 182 (6.26%) .NET
6 175 (6.02%) AngularJS
6 175 (6.02%) Django
7 131 (4.50%) HTML
8 130 (4.47%) Flask
8 130 (4.47%) Pandas
9 128 (4.40%) TensorFlow
10 121 (4.16%) REST
11 112 (3.85%) PySpark
12 104 (3.58%) RESTful
13 99 (3.40%) NumPy
14 97 (3.34%) CSS
15 86 (2.96%) J2EE
15 86 (2.96%) scikit-learn
16 79 (2.72%) Elastic Stack
17 70 (2.41%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 241 (8.29%) Derivative
2 230 (7.91%) Fixed Income
3 227 (7.81%) Analytical Skills
4 206 (7.08%) Greenfield Project
5 172 (5.91%) Equities
6 155 (5.33%) Hedge funds
7 146 (5.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 141 (4.85%) Algorithms
9 73 (2.51%) Linux Command Line
10 72 (2.48%) Data Structures
11 69 (2.37%) Public Cloud
12 68 (2.34%) User Experience
13 58 (1.99%) Blog
14 51 (1.75%) Data Centre
15 45 (1.55%) Self-Motivation
16 41 (1.41%) Reference Data
17 39 (1.34%) Equity Derivative
18 36 (1.24%) Cloud Native
19 32 (1.10%) Mobile App
20 31 (1.07%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 552 (18.98%) Linux
2 185 (6.36%) Windows
3 164 (5.64%) Unix
4 92 (3.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 43 (1.48%) CentOS
6 40 (1.38%) Windows Server
7 35 (1.20%) Ubuntu
8 33 (1.13%) Apple iOS
9 28 (0.96%) Android
10 18 (0.62%) Mac OS X
11 12 (0.41%) Mac OS
12 7 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
13 6 (0.21%) Debian
13 6 (0.21%) Embedded Linux
14 5 (0.17%) Solaris
14 5 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
15 4 (0.14%) Windows Server 2016
16 3 (0.10%) CoreOS
16 3 (0.10%) Windows Server 2003
17 2 (0.069%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 907 (31.19%) Agile Software Development
2 819 (28.16%) DevOps
3 428 (14.72%) Software Engineering
4 404 (13.89%) Data Science
5 390 (13.41%) Analytics
6 380 (13.07%) Machine Learning
7 316 (10.87%) Microservices
8 292 (10.04%) Asset Management
9 281 (9.66%) Continuous Integration
10 233 (8.01%) TDD
11 205 (7.05%) Computer Science
12 203 (6.98%) Test Automation
13 200 (6.88%) Open Source
14 191 (6.57%) Business Intelligence
15 188 (6.46%) Artificial Intelligence
16 185 (6.36%) Scrum
17 172 (5.91%) ETL
18 170 (5.85%) Infrastructure as Code
19 169 (5.81%) Data Modelling
19 169 (5.81%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 978 (33.63%) Java
2 756 (26.00%) SQL
3 487 (16.75%) JavaScript
4 309 (10.63%) C#
5 302 (10.39%) R
6 279 (9.59%) Bash Shell
7 272 (9.35%) C++
8 249 (8.56%) Scala
9 192 (6.60%) Ruby
10 169 (5.81%) Go
11 152 (5.23%) PowerShell
12 106 (3.65%) Perl
13 92 (3.16%) Groovy
14 78 (2.68%) PHP
15 58 (1.99%) Shell Script
16 55 (1.89%) C
17 54 (1.86%) VBA
18 47 (1.62%) TypeScript
19 38 (1.31%) T-SQL
20 36 (1.24%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 224 (7.70%) Security Cleared
2 186 (6.40%) SC Cleared
3 185 (6.36%) Degree
4 61 (2.10%) PhD
5 53 (1.82%) Computer Science Degree
6 42 (1.44%) Cisco Certification
7 40 (1.38%) DV Cleared
8 39 (1.34%) Master's Degree
9 22 (0.76%) Microsoft Certification
10 21 (0.72%) Numerate Degree
11 19 (0.65%) AWS Certification
11 19 (0.65%) CCIE
11 19 (0.65%) CCNP
12 16 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
13 15 (0.52%) SANS
14 11 (0.38%) CCNA
15 10 (0.34%) ISEB
15 10 (0.34%) ISTQB
16 9 (0.31%) CISSP
16 9 (0.31%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (2.20%) QA
2 37 (1.27%) Data Quality
3 21 (0.72%) GDPR
4 7 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
4 7 (0.24%) NCSC
4 7 (0.24%) NIST
4 7 (0.24%) SLA
5 6 (0.21%) MiFID
6 5 (0.17%) Basel III
7 4 (0.14%) PSD2
7 4 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 3 (0.10%) HIPAA
8 3 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.10%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.034%) DICOM
9 1 (0.034%) IFRS
9 1 (0.034%) IFRS 9
9 1 (0.034%) ISO/IEC 17025
9 1 (0.034%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.034%) WCAG
System Software
1 602 (20.70%) Docker
2 47 (1.62%) VMware Infrastructure
3 33 (1.13%) Virtual Machines
4 29 (1.00%) HDFS
5 28 (0.96%) Active Directory
6 17 (0.58%) Hyper-V
7 13 (0.45%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 11 (0.38%) VMware NSX
9 7 (0.24%) Apache Flume
9 7 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
10 6 (0.21%) Firmware
11 5 (0.17%) KVM
11 5 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
12 4 (0.14%) BusyBox
12 4 (0.14%) NFS
12 4 (0.14%) vSphere
13 3 (0.10%) VirtualBox
14 2 (0.069%) Terminal Server
14 2 (0.069%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 1 (0.034%) Samba
Systems Management
1 565 (19.43%) Kubernetes
2 442 (15.20%) Terraform
3 326 (11.21%) Ansible
4 185 (6.36%) Puppet
5 115 (3.95%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (1.24%) Packer
7 32 (1.10%) Prometheus
8 23 (0.79%) Grafana
9 21 (0.72%) Hadoop YARN
10 20 (0.69%) Nagios
11 19 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
12 18 (0.62%) logstash
13 17 (0.58%) Kibana
14 16 (0.55%) Consul
15 15 (0.52%) Host Intrusion Detection System
15 15 (0.52%) Network Intrusion Detection System
16 14 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
17 13 (0.45%) CFEngine
18 12 (0.41%) Salt
19 11 (0.38%) Oozie
Vendors
1 288 (9.90%) Google
2 180 (6.19%) Microsoft
3 172 (5.91%) Oracle
4 88 (3.03%) Tableau
5 76 (2.61%) Red Hat
6 74 (2.54%) Splunk
7 67 (2.30%) Databricks
8 55 (1.89%) VMware
9 49 (1.69%) Bloomberg
10 46 (1.58%) Cisco
11 41 (1.41%) Cloudera
12 36 (1.24%) Hortonworks
13 35 (1.20%) Sybase
14 33 (1.13%) Atlassian
15 28 (0.96%) Salesforce.com
15 28 (0.96%) TIBCO
16 25 (0.86%) Alteryx
16 25 (0.86%) Informatica
16 25 (0.86%) SAP
17 16 (0.55%) Nokia