Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 14 30
Rank change year-on-year 0 +16 +20
Contract jobs citing Python 4,353 3,759 2,686
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 9.55% 8.83% 5.91%
As % of the Programming Languages category 19.12% 18.47% 13.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,163 2,796 1,983
London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £413 £375 £363
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 37 12
London median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £27.17
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +47.23% -43.20%
10th Percentile £13.18 £25.75 £15.17
90th Percentile £61.20 £47.83 £56.85
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% -6.25%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 22,764 20,351 19,865
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 49.93% 47.80% 43.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,402 15,147 14,973
London median daily rate £513 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £363 £330 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 171 152 91
London median hourly rate £39.00 £40.00 £27.27
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.50% +46.71% -1.43%
10th Percentile £18.00 £17.28 £14.63
90th Percentile £62.50 £51.80 £56.89
England median hourly rate £41.57 £41.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +1.39% +9.33% +4.17%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +6 937 £550 +1.85% 415
South London 0 143 £500 -9.09% 18
West London -8 135 £458 -8.50% 167
East London +2 125 £550 +10.00% 64
North London +6 9 £400 +6.67% 7
Python
England

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,432 (32.90%) Linux
2 1,422 (32.67%) DevOps
3 1,420 (32.62%) Amazon AWS
4 1,350 (31.01%) Agile Software Development
5 1,303 (29.93%) Java
6 1,198 (27.52%) SQL
7 1,064 (24.44%) Finance
8 1,032 (23.71%) Docker
9 967 (22.21%) Jenkins
10 921 (21.16%) Ansible
11 811 (18.63%) Git (software)
12 714 (16.40%) Bash Shell
13 652 (14.98%) JavaScript
14 647 (14.86%) Puppet
15 640 (14.70%) Big Data
16 621 (14.27%) Continuous Integration
17 610 (14.01%) Analytics
18 608 (13.97%) Kubernetes
19 598 (13.74%) Ruby
20 585 (13.44%) Unix
21 572 (13.14%) Terraform
22 557 (12.80%) Banking
23 540 (12.41%) Opscode Chef
24 539 (12.38%) Hadoop
25 523 (12.01%) Data Science
26 513 (11.78%) Configuration Management
27 512 (11.76%) Perl
28 505 (11.60%) C++
29 501 (11.51%) Apache Spark
30 471 (10.82%) TDD

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 501 (11.51%) Apache Spark
2 261 (6.00%) Elasticsearch
3 237 (5.44%) Apache
4 175 (4.02%) Confluence
5 167 (3.84%) nginx
6 103 (2.37%) Tomcat
7 80 (1.84%) Cloud Foundry
8 76 (1.75%) SAS
9 68 (1.56%) CMS
10 62 (1.42%) OpenStack
11 61 (1.40%) Apache Airflow
11 61 (1.40%) Apache Solr
12 55 (1.26%) Apache Pig
13 42 (0.96%) IIS
14 30 (0.69%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 28 (0.64%) Ethereum
16 27 (0.62%) Jupyter
17 26 (0.60%) WebSphere
18 22 (0.51%) Hyperledger
18 22 (0.51%) JBoss
Applications
1 139 (3.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (0.94%) MS Visio
3 21 (0.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
5 10 (0.23%) Chatbot
5 10 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
5 10 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
6 8 (0.18%) Stata
7 7 (0.16%) HipChat
8 6 (0.14%) SPSS
9 1 (0.023%) CINEMA 4D
Business Applications
1 17 (0.39%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 12 (0.28%) ION MarketView
3 10 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
4 8 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
4 8 (0.18%) R3 Corda
5 5 (0.11%) Markit EDM
6 4 (0.092%) Eloqua
6 4 (0.092%) HFM
6 4 (0.092%) Summit
7 3 (0.069%) Dynamics CRM
7 3 (0.069%) Magento
8 2 (0.046%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
8 2 (0.046%) Documaker
8 2 (0.046%) Global One
8 2 (0.046%) LatentZero
8 2 (0.046%) Odoo
8 2 (0.046%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.046%) PolarLake
8 2 (0.046%) ReMetrica
8 2 (0.046%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 1,420 (32.62%) Amazon AWS
2 408 (9.37%) Microsoft Azure
3 298 (6.85%) Google Cloud Platform
4 273 (6.27%) Amazon S3
5 269 (6.18%) Amazon EC2
6 254 (5.84%) GitHub
7 230 (5.28%) Serverless
8 193 (4.43%) AWS Lambda
9 189 (4.34%) AWS CloudFormation
10 157 (3.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 117 (2.69%) Cloud Computing
12 105 (2.41%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 103 (2.37%) PaaS
14 97 (2.23%) IaaS
15 76 (1.75%) npm
16 70 (1.61%) OpenShift
17 67 (1.54%) Route 53
18 57 (1.31%) Amazon EMR
19 53 (1.22%) Amazon ELB
20 47 (1.08%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 159 (3.65%) Firewall
2 125 (2.87%) DNS
3 116 (2.66%) SSL
4 110 (2.53%) TCP/IP
5 66 (1.52%) HTTP
6 64 (1.47%) Internet
7 49 (1.13%) Kerberos
8 42 (0.96%) VPN
9 28 (0.64%) DHCP
10 27 (0.62%) BGP
10 27 (0.62%) Network Security
11 26 (0.60%) Multicast
12 24 (0.55%) MPLS
13 23 (0.53%) SMS
13 23 (0.53%) Wireless
14 21 (0.48%) LAN
15 20 (0.46%) WAN
16 18 (0.41%) VLAN
17 15 (0.34%) OSPF
17 15 (0.34%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 640 (14.70%) Big Data
2 539 (12.38%) Hadoop
3 416 (9.56%) PostgreSQL
4 385 (8.84%) NoSQL
5 324 (7.44%) MySQL
5 324 (7.44%) Relational Database
6 302 (6.94%) MongoDB
7 284 (6.52%) SQL Server
8 243 (5.58%) Apache Hive
9 167 (3.84%) Apache Cassandra
9 167 (3.84%) Data Warehouse
10 164 (3.77%) Amazon Redshift
11 160 (3.68%) HBase
12 133 (3.06%) Amazon RDS
13 131 (3.01%) RDBMS
14 112 (2.57%) Power BI
15 105 (2.41%) Redis
16 89 (2.04%) Impala
17 86 (1.98%) Data Lake
18 81 (1.86%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 967 (22.21%) Jenkins
2 811 (18.63%) Git (software)
3 318 (7.31%) JIRA
4 171 (3.93%) Maven
5 131 (3.01%) Sonatype Nexus
5 131 (3.01%) TeamCity
6 122 (2.80%) Subversion
7 119 (2.73%) Selenium
8 91 (2.09%) Artifactory
9 85 (1.95%) Vagrant
10 81 (1.86%) GitLab
11 78 (1.79%) Cucumber
12 74 (1.70%) Gradle
13 68 (1.56%) Bitbucket
14 65 (1.49%) Visual Studio
14 65 (1.49%) Visual Studio Team System
15 64 (1.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 62 (1.42%) Travis CI
17 49 (1.13%) Team Foundation Server
18 48 (1.10%) SonarQube
General
1 1,064 (24.44%) Finance
2 557 (12.80%) Banking
3 320 (7.35%) Front Office
4 161 (3.70%) Retail
5 159 (3.65%) Investment Banking
6 115 (2.64%) Marketing
7 83 (1.91%) Telecoms
8 60 (1.38%) Games
9 41 (0.94%) Financial Institution
10 31 (0.71%) Advertising
11 28 (0.64%) Publishing
12 21 (0.48%) Legal
13 20 (0.46%) Back Office
13 20 (0.46%) Law
14 18 (0.41%) Electronics
14 18 (0.41%) Manufacturing
15 17 (0.39%) French Language
16 15 (0.34%) Retail Banking
17 9 (0.21%) German Language
17 9 (0.21%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 1,560 (35.84%) Developer
2 885 (20.33%) DevOps Engineer
3 795 (18.26%) Python Developer
4 386 (8.87%) AWS Engineer
5 372 (8.55%) Data Engineer
6 318 (7.31%) Python Engineer
7 307 (7.05%) AWS DevOps
8 265 (6.09%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 217 (4.99%) Analyst
10 216 (4.96%) Data Scientist
11 204 (4.69%) Senior Developer
12 187 (4.30%) C++ Developer
13 151 (3.47%) Java Developer
14 144 (3.31%) Big Data Engineer
15 131 (3.01%) Cloud Engineer
16 121 (2.78%) Linux Engineer
17 120 (2.76%) Senior DevOps
18 119 (2.73%) Architect
19 118 (2.71%) Software Engineer
20 117 (2.69%) Senior Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 373 (8.57%) Node.js
2 351 (8.06%) Kafka
3 309 (7.10%) HTML
4 293 (6.73%) Django
5 286 (6.57%) Web Services
6 266 (6.11%) React
7 238 (5.47%) REST
8 217 (4.99%) CSS
9 192 (4.41%) Elastic Stack
10 187 (4.30%) AngularJS
11 159 (3.65%) XML
12 157 (3.61%) RESTful
13 123 (2.83%) .NET
14 118 (2.71%) Flask
15 113 (2.60%) Pandas
16 107 (2.46%) JSON
17 106 (2.44%) HTML5
18 98 (2.25%) RabbitMQ
19 93 (2.14%) NumPy
20 90 (2.07%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 351 (8.06%) Analytical Skills
2 311 (7.14%) Algorithms
3 307 (7.05%) Computer Science
4 198 (4.55%) Greenfield Project
5 187 (4.30%) Derivative
6 165 (3.79%) Linux Command Line
7 164 (3.77%) Fixed Income
8 138 (3.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 130 (2.99%) Fintech
10 125 (2.87%) Data Structures
11 89 (2.04%) User Experience
12 82 (1.88%) Data Centre
13 78 (1.79%) Mobile App
14 76 (1.75%) Hedge funds
15 65 (1.49%) Self-Motivation
16 63 (1.45%) Equities
17 57 (1.31%) Equity Derivative
18 52 (1.19%) Public Cloud
19 47 (1.08%) Cloud Native
20 46 (1.06%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 1,432 (32.90%) Linux
2 585 (13.44%) Unix
3 437 (10.04%) Windows
4 195 (4.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 140 (3.22%) Ubuntu
6 139 (3.19%) CentOS
7 67 (1.54%) Windows Server
8 64 (1.47%) Android
9 59 (1.36%) Apple iOS
10 39 (0.90%) Solaris
11 30 (0.69%) DC/OS
11 30 (0.69%) Windows Server 2008
12 20 (0.46%) CoreOS
13 18 (0.41%) Debian
14 16 (0.37%) AIX
14 16 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
15 15 (0.34%) Mac OS X
16 14 (0.32%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 12 (0.28%) VMS
18 7 (0.16%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,422 (32.67%) DevOps
2 1,350 (31.01%) Agile Software Development
3 621 (14.27%) Continuous Integration
4 610 (14.01%) Analytics
5 523 (12.01%) Data Science
6 513 (11.78%) Configuration Management
7 471 (10.82%) TDD
8 400 (9.19%) Open Source
9 398 (9.14%) Test Automation
10 394 (9.05%) Machine Learning
11 384 (8.82%) Problem-Solving
12 375 (8.61%) Software Engineering
13 344 (7.90%) ETL
14 343 (7.88%) Scrum
15 335 (7.70%) Microservices
16 297 (6.82%) Migration
17 285 (6.55%) OO
18 245 (5.63%) Business Intelligence
19 238 (5.47%) SDLC
20 231 (5.31%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 1,303 (29.93%) Java
2 1,198 (27.52%) SQL
3 714 (16.40%) Bash Shell
4 652 (14.98%) JavaScript
5 598 (13.74%) Ruby
6 512 (11.76%) Perl
7 505 (11.60%) C++
8 419 (9.63%) C#
9 412 (9.46%) Scala
10 369 (8.48%) R
11 317 (7.28%) Go
12 222 (5.10%) Shell Script
13 202 (4.64%) PowerShell
14 181 (4.16%) C
15 153 (3.51%) Groovy
16 91 (2.09%) PHP
16 91 (2.09%) VBA
17 73 (1.68%) MATLAB
18 72 (1.65%) Java 8
19 58 (1.33%) Korn
Qualifications
1 337 (7.74%) Degree
2 227 (5.21%) Security Cleared
3 205 (4.71%) SC Cleared
4 120 (2.76%) Computer Science Degree
5 100 (2.30%) PhD
6 70 (1.61%) AWS Certification
7 52 (1.19%) Master's Degree
8 38 (0.87%) Numerate Degree
9 36 (0.83%) Cisco Certification
10 31 (0.71%) DV Cleared
11 22 (0.51%) CCNP
12 15 (0.34%) CCNA
13 14 (0.32%) CISSP
14 12 (0.28%) RHCE
15 9 (0.21%) CEH
15 9 (0.21%) CISM
16 8 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
16 8 (0.18%) ISEB
16 8 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
17 7 (0.16%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 128 (2.94%) GCP
2 123 (2.83%) QA
3 76 (1.75%) Data Quality
4 25 (0.57%) GDPR
5 21 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 16 (0.37%) MiFID
7 13 (0.30%) EMIR
7 13 (0.30%) SLA
8 4 (0.092%) IFRS
9 3 (0.069%) Cyber Essentials
9 3 (0.069%) Dodd-Frank
9 3 (0.069%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.069%) Solvency II
10 2 (0.046%) IFRS 9
10 2 (0.046%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 2 (0.046%) NIST 800
10 2 (0.046%) PMO
11 1 (0.023%) Actionable Recommendations
System Software
1 1,032 (23.71%) Docker
2 123 (2.83%) HDFS
3 100 (2.30%) VMware Infrastructure
4 68 (1.56%) Virtual Machines
5 49 (1.13%) Active Directory
6 46 (1.06%) Apache Flume
7 31 (0.71%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 31 (0.71%) VirtualBox
8 26 (0.60%) etcd
8 26 (0.60%) Hyper-V
9 24 (0.55%) flannel
10 23 (0.53%) NFS
11 17 (0.39%) Firmware
11 17 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
12 16 (0.37%) KVM
12 16 (0.37%) Xen
13 12 (0.28%) vSphere
14 10 (0.23%) ProxySG
15 8 (0.18%) Veritas Cluster Server
16 7 (0.16%) LXC
Systems Management
1 921 (21.16%) Ansible
2 647 (14.86%) Puppet
3 608 (13.97%) Kubernetes
4 572 (13.14%) Terraform
5 540 (12.41%) Opscode Chef
6 137 (3.15%) Salt
7 132 (3.03%) Packer
8 112 (2.57%) Nagios
9 104 (2.39%) Prometheus
10 98 (2.25%) Kibana
11 97 (2.23%) Grafana
12 92 (2.11%) logstash
13 90 (2.07%) ZABBIX
14 89 (2.04%) Hadoop YARN
15 88 (2.02%) Mesos
16 71 (1.63%) Consul
17 57 (1.31%) Docker Swarm
18 55 (1.26%) HAProxy
19 54 (1.24%) Oozie
20 36 (0.83%) Icinga
Vendors
1 353 (8.11%) Google
2 349 (8.02%) Oracle
3 220 (5.05%) Red Hat
4 210 (4.82%) Microsoft
5 173 (3.97%) Tableau
6 155 (3.56%) Splunk
7 130 (2.99%) VMware
8 122 (2.80%) Cloudera
9 87 (2.00%) IBM
10 85 (1.95%) Atlassian
11 82 (1.88%) SaltStack
12 80 (1.84%) New Relic
13 71 (1.63%) Hortonworks
14 70 (1.61%) Sybase
15 64 (1.47%) Cisco
16 58 (1.33%) Alteryx
17 50 (1.15%) SAP
18 44 (1.01%) Adobe
19 43 (0.99%) Salesforce.com
20 38 (0.87%) TIBCO