Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 24 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
24 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 10 10 10
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +2
Contract jobs citing Python 4,973 3,292 2,443
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 12.87% 13.56% 12.29%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.51% 28.52% 25.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,696 2,463 1,795
10th Percentile £463 £400 £413
25th Percentile £525 £473 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £613 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +11.36% - -
75th Percentile £725 £650 £654
90th Percentile £800 £713 £744
England median daily rate £600 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +14.29% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 20 22
10th Percentile £32.50 £26.71 £18.41
25th Percentile £36.25 £30.88 £24.81
Median hourly rate £50.00 £37.75 £46.96
Median % change year-on-year +32.45% -19.61% +1.53%
75th Percentile £60.75 £49.56 £52.81
90th Percentile £68.45 £63.88 £64.49
England median hourly rate £54.25 £40.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +35.63% -5.88% -5.56%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,302 11,542 9,666
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 42.20% 47.54% 48.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,556 8,623 7,221
10th Percentile £413 £369 £370
25th Percentile £500 £450 £439
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £530 £525
Median % change year-on-year +13.21% +0.95% -
75th Percentile £713 £638 £625
90th Percentile £800 £713 £700
England median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +3.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 110 67 75
10th Percentile £30.73 £20.30 £18.43
25th Percentile £35.00 £30.75 £26.63
Median hourly rate £50.00 £44.50 £47.83
Median % change year-on-year +12.36% -6.96% +30.74%
75th Percentile £67.50 £62.88 £57.00
90th Percentile £77.18 £68.00 £64.43
England median hourly rate £50.77 £41.66 £43.75
% change year-on-year +21.87% -4.78% -1.69%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 24 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 24 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 24 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London 0 473 £600 +9.09% 265
South London +4 71 £600 +4.35% 12
West London 0 71 £600 +17.65% 56
East London -13 7 £513 +10.22% 66
Python
England

For the 6 months to 24 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,853 (37.26%) AWS
2 1,712 (34.43%) Agile
3 1,650 (33.18%) SQL
4 1,632 (32.82%) Azure
5 1,577 (31.71%) DevOps
6 1,503 (30.22%) Finance
7 1,330 (26.74%) CI/CD
8 1,258 (25.30%) Java
9 1,021 (20.53%) Kubernetes
10 992 (19.95%) Terraform
11 989 (19.89%) Analytics
12 959 (19.28%) Linux
13 943 (18.96%) Docker
14 870 (17.49%) Social Skills
15 855 (17.19%) GCP
16 828 (16.65%) Software Engineering
17 800 (16.09%) JavaScript
18 784 (15.77%) Git (software)
19 697 (14.02%) Banking
20 657 (13.21%) Jenkins
21 655 (13.17%) Front Office
22 653 (13.13%) Ansible
23 646 (12.99%) React
24 535 (10.76%) C#
25 533 (10.72%) Analytical Skills
26 521 (10.48%) Problem-Solving
27 502 (10.09%) Test Automation
28 488 (9.81%) Bash
29 478 (9.61%) Data Science
30 461 (9.27%) Full Stack Development

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 340 (6.84%) Apache Spark
2 190 (3.82%) Apache
3 172 (3.46%) Confluence
4 135 (2.71%) Apache Airflow
5 117 (2.35%) Elasticsearch
6 79 (1.59%) nginx
7 47 (0.95%) OpenStack
8 45 (0.90%) SAS
9 30 (0.60%) WebSphere
10 29 (0.58%) Jupyter
10 29 (0.58%) Tomcat
11 27 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
11 27 (0.54%) SharePoint
12 20 (0.40%) BizTalk Server
13 19 (0.38%) IIS
14 18 (0.36%) CMS
15 15 (0.30%) Ethereum
16 14 (0.28%) Traefik
17 12 (0.24%) Oracle Coherence
18 11 (0.22%) Luigi
Applications
1 154 (3.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 32 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 30 (0.60%) MS Visio
4 28 (0.56%) Spreadsheet
5 16 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
6 12 (0.24%) SPSS
7 7 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
8 5 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
9 4 (0.080%) Stata
10 3 (0.060%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.040%) Blender
12 1 (0.020%) 3ds Max
12 1 (0.020%) GIMP
12 1 (0.020%) Maya
Business Applications
1 18 (0.36%) Sentinel
2 17 (0.34%) BusinessWorks
3 12 (0.24%) SunGard Martini
4 8 (0.16%) Shopify
5 7 (0.14%) RMDS
6 6 (0.12%) thinkFolio
7 4 (0.080%) Oracle AML
7 4 (0.080%) Remedy ITSM
8 3 (0.060%) Advent Geneva
8 3 (0.060%) Magento
8 3 (0.060%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 2 (0.040%) Cloudability
9 2 (0.040%) Distributed Ledger
9 2 (0.040%) Dynamics CRM
9 2 (0.040%) Eikon
9 2 (0.040%) FINCAD Analytics
9 2 (0.040%) ION MarketView
9 2 (0.040%) Oracle Cash Management
9 2 (0.040%) Oracle Payables
9 2 (0.040%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,853 (37.26%) AWS
2 1,632 (32.82%) Azure
3 855 (17.19%) GCP
4 455 (9.15%) Serverless
5 300 (6.03%) GitHub
6 277 (5.57%) AWS Lambda
7 236 (4.75%) Power Platform
8 206 (4.14%) AWS CloudFormation
9 195 (3.92%) Amazon S3
10 163 (3.28%) Amazon EC2
10 163 (3.28%) Azure Data Factory
11 147 (2.96%) PaaS
12 103 (2.07%) Amazon ECS
13 97 (1.95%) Snowflake
14 95 (1.91%) OpenShift
15 94 (1.89%) SaaS
16 87 (1.75%) Azure Functions
17 82 (1.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 81 (1.63%) Azure Cosmos DB
19 75 (1.51%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 129 (2.59%) Firewall
2 108 (2.17%) DNS
3 98 (1.97%) TCP/IP
4 83 (1.67%) Internet
5 64 (1.29%) HTTP
6 58 (1.17%) VPN
7 48 (0.97%) BGP
7 48 (0.97%) Network Security
8 44 (0.88%) Multicast
9 43 (0.86%) Kerberos
10 41 (0.82%) SSH
10 41 (0.82%) SSL
11 35 (0.70%) MPLS
12 27 (0.54%) DHCP
13 24 (0.48%) FTP
14 21 (0.42%) WAN
15 20 (0.40%) Broadband
15 20 (0.40%) Wireless
16 19 (0.38%) Wireshark
17 18 (0.36%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 323 (6.50%) SQL Server
2 317 (6.37%) Big Data
2 317 (6.37%) PostgreSQL
3 260 (5.23%) Data Warehouse
4 231 (4.65%) Power BI
5 199 (4.00%) NoSQL
6 196 (3.94%) Relational Database
7 189 (3.80%) Data Lake
8 172 (3.46%) MongoDB
9 169 (3.40%) Hadoop
10 152 (3.06%) Tableau
11 131 (2.63%) BigQuery
12 123 (2.47%) MySQL
13 114 (2.29%) Amazon Redshift
14 91 (1.83%) Amazon RDS
15 70 (1.41%) Azure SQL Database
16 69 (1.39%) Apache Hive
17 66 (1.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 64 (1.29%) Apache Cassandra
19 62 (1.25%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 784 (15.77%) Git (software)
2 657 (13.21%) Jenkins
3 427 (8.59%) JIRA
4 254 (5.11%) GitLab
5 133 (2.67%) Maven
6 117 (2.35%) TeamCity
7 108 (2.17%) Artifactory
8 96 (1.93%) CircleCI
9 95 (1.91%) Subversion
10 90 (1.81%) Bitbucket
11 82 (1.65%) Gradle
12 63 (1.27%) gulp
13 62 (1.25%) SonarQube
13 62 (1.25%) Travis CI
14 58 (1.17%) Selenium
14 58 (1.17%) Sonatype Nexus
15 45 (0.90%) git-flow
16 38 (0.76%) Cucumber
16 38 (0.76%) Visual Studio
17 36 (0.72%) JUnit
General
1 1,503 (30.22%) Finance
2 870 (17.49%) Social Skills
3 697 (14.02%) Banking
4 655 (13.17%) Front Office
5 533 (10.72%) Analytical Skills
6 343 (6.90%) Investment Banking
7 205 (4.12%) Public Sector
8 149 (3.00%) Presentation Skills
9 95 (1.91%) Financial Institution
10 93 (1.87%) Marketing
11 89 (1.79%) Retail
12 78 (1.57%) Telecoms
13 71 (1.43%) Legal
14 54 (1.09%) Influencing Skills
15 43 (0.86%) Back Office
16 42 (0.84%) Law
17 38 (0.76%) Publishing
18 24 (0.48%) Games
19 22 (0.44%) Documentation Skills
20 18 (0.36%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,701 (34.20%) Developer
2 953 (19.16%) Python Developer
3 635 (12.77%) DevOps Engineer
4 578 (11.62%) Data Engineer
5 460 (9.25%) Python Engineer
6 417 (8.39%) AWS Engineer
7 345 (6.94%) Analyst
8 343 (6.90%) Software Engineer
9 268 (5.39%) Senior Developer
10 250 (5.03%) Architect
11 204 (4.10%) Azure Engineer
12 200 (4.02%) AWS Developer
13 193 (3.88%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 185 (3.72%) Java Developer
15 173 (3.48%) Cloud Engineer
16 148 (2.98%) Senior Python Developer
17 147 (2.96%) Python Software Engineer
18 137 (2.75%) AWS DevOps
19 130 (2.61%) Full Stack Developer
20 127 (2.55%) Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 646 (12.99%) React
2 332 (6.68%) Django
3 323 (6.50%) Kafka
4 321 (6.45%) .NET
5 309 (6.21%) Pandas
5 309 (6.21%) REST
6 299 (6.01%) Node.js
7 282 (5.67%) HTML
8 259 (5.21%) Flask
9 232 (4.67%) NumPy
10 222 (4.46%) CSS
11 177 (3.56%) PySpark
12 159 (3.20%) AngularJS
13 135 (2.71%) RESTful
14 127 (2.55%) HTML5
14 127 (2.55%) JSON
15 126 (2.53%) XML
16 105 (2.11%) SciPy
17 103 (2.07%) Elastic Stack
18 93 (1.87%) pytest
Miscellaneous
1 332 (6.68%) Derivative
2 311 (6.25%) Equities
3 271 (5.45%) Algorithms
4 264 (5.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 250 (5.03%) Hedge funds
6 232 (4.67%) Fixed Income
7 216 (4.34%) Data Structures
8 176 (3.54%) Cloud Native
9 171 (3.44%) Public Cloud
10 156 (3.14%) Greenfield Project
11 96 (1.93%) User Experience
12 85 (1.71%) Data Protection Act
13 84 (1.69%) Self-Motivation
14 81 (1.63%) Data Centre
15 80 (1.61%) Linux Command Line
16 79 (1.59%) Management Information System
17 71 (1.43%) Market Risk
18 66 (1.33%) Hybrid Cloud
19 51 (1.03%) Renewable Energy
20 48 (0.97%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 959 (19.28%) Linux
2 395 (7.94%) Windows
3 297 (5.97%) Unix
4 135 (2.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 67 (1.35%) Windows Server
6 57 (1.15%) CentOS
7 42 (0.84%) Ubuntu
8 21 (0.42%) Windows 10
9 17 (0.34%) Android
10 15 (0.30%) VMS
11 13 (0.26%) Solaris
11 13 (0.26%) Windows Server 2016
12 12 (0.24%) Apple iOS
13 10 (0.20%) Mac OS
14 9 (0.18%) SUSE
15 8 (0.16%) Amazon Linux
15 8 (0.16%) Oracle Linux
15 8 (0.16%) Windows Server 2019
16 7 (0.14%) CoreOS
16 7 (0.14%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,712 (34.43%) Agile
2 1,577 (31.71%) DevOps
3 1,330 (26.74%) CI/CD
4 989 (19.89%) Analytics
5 828 (16.65%) Software Engineering
6 521 (10.48%) Problem-Solving
7 502 (10.09%) Test Automation
8 478 (9.61%) Data Science
9 461 (9.27%) Full Stack Development
10 458 (9.21%) Microservices
11 398 (8.00%) Scrum
12 394 (7.92%) Infrastructure as Code
13 380 (7.64%) ETL
14 372 (7.48%) Machine Learning
15 358 (7.20%) Asset Management
16 355 (7.14%) TDD
17 346 (6.96%) Visualisation
18 327 (6.58%) Business Intelligence
19 324 (6.52%) Investment Management
20 319 (6.41%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 1,650 (33.18%) SQL
2 1,258 (25.30%) Java
3 800 (16.09%) JavaScript
4 535 (10.76%) C#
5 488 (9.81%) Bash
6 438 (8.81%) PowerShell
7 400 (8.04%) C++
8 380 (7.64%) Go
9 332 (6.68%) TypeScript
10 294 (5.91%) Scala
11 240 (4.83%) R
12 232 (4.67%) Ruby
13 180 (3.62%) Perl
14 163 (3.28%) Shell Script
15 158 (3.18%) C
16 137 (2.75%) Groovy
17 96 (1.93%) VBA
18 74 (1.49%) PHP
19 72 (1.45%) PL/SQL
20 48 (0.97%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 292 (5.87%) Security Cleared
2 263 (5.29%) Degree
3 236 (4.75%) SC Cleared
4 91 (1.83%) Computer Science Degree
5 56 (1.13%) Cisco Certification
6 55 (1.11%) PhD
7 38 (0.76%) CCNP
8 32 (0.64%) Master's Degree
9 31 (0.62%) AWS Certification
9 31 (0.62%) CISSP
10 26 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
11 25 (0.50%) DV Cleared
12 21 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
13 20 (0.40%) CCNA
14 18 (0.36%) FFIEC
15 17 (0.34%) JNCIA
16 16 (0.32%) CCIE
17 12 (0.24%) PMP
18 10 (0.20%) CCA
18 10 (0.20%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 241 (4.85%) QA
2 142 (2.86%) Data Quality
3 49 (0.99%) GDPR
4 48 (0.97%) Accessibility
5 27 (0.54%) SLA
6 24 (0.48%) NIST
7 18 (0.36%) GLBA
7 18 (0.36%) PCI DSS
8 13 (0.26%) NCSC
9 11 (0.22%) PMO
10 9 (0.18%) MiFID
10 9 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 7 (0.14%) Actionable Recommendations
12 5 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 4 (0.080%) IFRS
14 3 (0.060%) IFRS 17
14 3 (0.060%) OASIS TOSCA
15 2 (0.040%) GRC
15 2 (0.040%) HL7
15 2 (0.040%) WCAG
System Software
1 943 (18.96%) Docker
2 98 (1.97%) Active Directory
3 84 (1.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 44 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
5 34 (0.68%) NFS
6 31 (0.62%) HDFS
7 24 (0.48%) vSphere
8 20 (0.40%) VMware ESXi
9 15 (0.30%) Ceph
10 13 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
11 10 (0.20%) VMware NSX
12 7 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 7 (0.14%) Hyper-V
13 6 (0.12%) VirtualBox
14 4 (0.080%) Virtual Servers
15 3 (0.060%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
15 3 (0.060%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 3 (0.060%) Snort
15 3 (0.060%) Squid
16 2 (0.040%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 1,021 (20.53%) Kubernetes
2 992 (19.95%) Terraform
3 653 (13.13%) Ansible
4 182 (3.66%) Opscode Chef
5 173 (3.48%) Puppet
6 125 (2.51%) Prometheus
7 122 (2.45%) Grafana
8 80 (1.61%) Packer
9 73 (1.47%) Kibana
10 64 (1.29%) ITRS Geneos
11 59 (1.19%) Consul
12 45 (0.90%) BladeLogic
12 45 (0.90%) Istio
13 44 (0.88%) logstash
14 40 (0.80%) Docker Swarm
15 28 (0.56%) ZABBIX
16 22 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
17 20 (0.40%) Salt
18 19 (0.38%) HAProxy
19 16 (0.32%) Control-M
Vendors
1 447 (8.99%) Microsoft
2 348 (7.00%) Oracle
3 319 (6.41%) Google
4 293 (5.89%) Databricks
5 199 (4.00%) Splunk
6 118 (2.37%) VMware
7 106 (2.13%) Red Hat
8 88 (1.77%) Cisco
9 57 (1.15%) ServiceNow
10 56 (1.13%) Informatica
11 54 (1.09%) IBM
12 48 (0.97%) TIBCO
13 47 (0.95%) Bloomberg
14 39 (0.78%) Atlassian
15 35 (0.70%) BMC
15 35 (0.70%) Citrix
16 34 (0.68%) SAP
17 33 (0.66%) F5
18 31 (0.62%) Dynatrace
19 29 (0.58%) Sun