Period
to 19 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 19 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
19 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 13 15 32
Rank change year-on-year +2 +17 +12
Contract jobs citing Python 4,336 3,294 2,430
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 9.66% 8.30% 5.60%
As % of the Programming Languages category 19.85% 17.72% 13.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,170 2,445 1,797
London median daily rate £550 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% -
10th Percentile £406 £363 £350
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
England median daily rate £525 £496 £475
% change year-on-year +5.81% +4.45% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 39 19
London median hourly rate £45.00 £43.50 £47.83
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.45% -9.05% +60.83%
10th Percentile £16.43 £26.08 £25.60
90th Percentile £74.75 £47.83 £55.00
England median hourly rate £41.50 £41.00 £38.00
% change year-on-year +1.22% +7.89% -1.94%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 21,841 18,584 18,627
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 48.64% 46.83% 42.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,637 13,814 14,086
London median daily rate £500 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £358 £325 £308
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 198 143 93
London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.26 £30.19
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +33.36% +8.91%
10th Percentile £17.68 £17.80 £14.23
90th Percentile £65.75 £54.38 £57.00
England median hourly rate £41.50 £41.25 £38.50
% change year-on-year +0.61% +7.14% +10.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 19 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +5 916 £550 +7.32% 364
West London -13 140 £455 +1.11% 115
East London +4 124 £550 +4.76% 81
South London -4 109 £500 -9.09% 17
North London +13 14 £450 +16.13% 10
Python
England

For the 6 months to 19 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,515 (34.94%) Linux
2 1,435 (33.10%) DevOps
3 1,376 (31.73%) Amazon AWS
4 1,359 (31.34%) Agile Software Development
5 1,357 (31.30%) Java
6 1,108 (25.55%) SQL
7 1,020 (23.52%) Docker
8 1,002 (23.11%) Finance
9 931 (21.47%) Jenkins
10 915 (21.10%) Ansible
11 803 (18.52%) Git (software)
12 769 (17.74%) Bash Shell
13 728 (16.79%) Ruby
14 659 (15.20%) JavaScript
15 655 (15.11%) Continuous Integration
16 654 (15.08%) Puppet
17 648 (14.94%) Analytics
18 635 (14.64%) Big Data
19 602 (13.88%) Unix
20 566 (13.05%) Perl
21 558 (12.87%) Kubernetes
22 538 (12.41%) Banking
23 536 (12.36%) Hadoop
24 532 (12.27%) Configuration Management
25 526 (12.13%) Data Science
26 522 (12.04%) Terraform
27 517 (11.92%) Apache Spark
28 504 (11.62%) Opscode Chef
29 465 (10.72%) PostgreSQL
30 456 (10.52%) TDD

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 517 (11.92%) Apache Spark
2 269 (6.20%) Apache
3 246 (5.67%) Elasticsearch
4 206 (4.75%) nginx
5 188 (4.34%) Confluence
6 120 (2.77%) Tomcat
7 75 (1.73%) SAS
8 70 (1.61%) Apache Pig
9 64 (1.48%) Cloud Foundry
9 64 (1.48%) OpenStack
10 61 (1.41%) CMS
11 55 (1.27%) Apache Airflow
12 52 (1.20%) Apache Solr
13 33 (0.76%) WebSphere
14 32 (0.74%) Jupyter
15 29 (0.67%) JBoss
16 28 (0.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 26 (0.60%) Ethereum
17 26 (0.60%) IIS
18 24 (0.55%) SharePoint
Applications
1 109 (2.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (0.46%) MS Visio
3 19 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
4 15 (0.35%) SPSS
5 10 (0.23%) Chatbot
5 10 (0.23%) Stata
6 9 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
7 8 (0.18%) HipChat
8 7 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 4 (0.092%) CINEMA 4D
9 4 (0.092%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.023%) Mathematica
10 1 (0.023%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 13 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
1 13 (0.30%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 9 (0.21%) R3 Corda
3 7 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
4 5 (0.12%) Eloqua
4 5 (0.12%) Magento
5 4 (0.092%) Dynamics CRM
5 4 (0.092%) HFM
5 4 (0.092%) HiPortfolio
5 4 (0.092%) Markit EDM
6 3 (0.069%) BusinessWorks
6 3 (0.069%) ION MarketView
6 3 (0.069%) Radian6
6 3 (0.069%) ReMetrica
6 3 (0.069%) Summit
7 2 (0.046%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
7 2 (0.046%) Documaker
7 2 (0.046%) Odoo
7 2 (0.046%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.023%) Finacle
Cloud Services
1 1,376 (31.73%) Amazon AWS
2 449 (10.36%) Microsoft Azure
3 247 (5.70%) Google Cloud Platform
4 228 (5.26%) Amazon EC2
5 212 (4.89%) GitHub
5 212 (4.89%) Serverless
6 211 (4.87%) Amazon S3
7 193 (4.45%) AWS CloudFormation
8 188 (4.34%) AWS Lambda
9 126 (2.91%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 116 (2.68%) Cloud Computing
11 113 (2.61%) PaaS
12 104 (2.40%) IaaS
13 100 (2.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 74 (1.71%) Route 53
15 64 (1.48%) npm
15 64 (1.48%) SaaS
16 54 (1.25%) Amazon ELB
17 50 (1.15%) OpenShift
18 46 (1.06%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 162 (3.74%) Firewall
2 151 (3.48%) DNS
3 145 (3.34%) TCP/IP
4 115 (2.65%) SSL
5 80 (1.85%) HTTP
6 62 (1.43%) Internet
7 51 (1.18%) VPN
8 42 (0.97%) Kerberos
9 37 (0.85%) DHCP
10 31 (0.71%) SMS
11 30 (0.69%) BGP
12 26 (0.60%) WAN
13 23 (0.53%) MPLS
14 22 (0.51%) Wireless
15 21 (0.48%) BIG-IP
15 21 (0.48%) LAN
15 21 (0.48%) OSPF
16 19 (0.44%) Multicast
17 18 (0.42%) Cisco Nexus
17 18 (0.42%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 635 (14.64%) Big Data
2 536 (12.36%) Hadoop
3 465 (10.72%) PostgreSQL
4 401 (9.25%) NoSQL
5 391 (9.02%) MySQL
6 329 (7.59%) MongoDB
7 293 (6.76%) Relational Database
8 270 (6.23%) SQL Server
9 226 (5.21%) Apache Hive
10 191 (4.40%) Data Warehouse
11 185 (4.27%) Apache Cassandra
12 165 (3.81%) Amazon Redshift
13 150 (3.46%) Amazon RDS
14 147 (3.39%) HBase
15 113 (2.61%) RDBMS
16 112 (2.58%) Power BI
17 110 (2.54%) Redis
18 89 (2.05%) Data Lake
19 73 (1.68%) Blockchain
20 65 (1.50%) Impala
Development Applications
1 931 (21.47%) Jenkins
2 803 (18.52%) Git (software)
3 308 (7.10%) JIRA
4 161 (3.71%) Maven
5 141 (3.25%) Sonatype Nexus
6 134 (3.09%) TeamCity
7 120 (2.77%) Artifactory
8 113 (2.61%) Subversion
9 108 (2.49%) Selenium
10 81 (1.87%) Vagrant
11 71 (1.64%) GitLab
12 69 (1.59%) Gradle
13 62 (1.43%) Visual Studio
14 55 (1.27%) Bitbucket
14 55 (1.27%) Cucumber
15 49 (1.13%) SonarQube
16 48 (1.11%) Ant
16 48 (1.11%) Gerrit
17 47 (1.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 46 (1.06%) JUnit
General
1 1,002 (23.11%) Finance
2 538 (12.41%) Banking
3 291 (6.71%) Front Office
4 170 (3.92%) Investment Banking
5 157 (3.62%) Retail
6 117 (2.70%) Marketing
7 73 (1.68%) Games
8 69 (1.59%) Telecoms
9 46 (1.06%) Financial Institution
10 35 (0.81%) Advertising
11 28 (0.65%) Manufacturing
12 26 (0.60%) Publishing
13 24 (0.55%) Law
14 21 (0.48%) Electronics
14 21 (0.48%) French Language
15 17 (0.39%) Retail Banking
16 15 (0.35%) Legal
17 14 (0.32%) Back Office
18 9 (0.21%) German Language
19 7 (0.16%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,496 (34.50%) Developer
2 898 (20.71%) DevOps Engineer
3 729 (16.81%) Python Developer
4 402 (9.27%) AWS Engineer
5 363 (8.37%) Data Engineer
6 315 (7.26%) AWS DevOps
7 286 (6.60%) Python Engineer
8 270 (6.23%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 235 (5.42%) Analyst
10 229 (5.28%) Data Scientist
11 197 (4.54%) Senior Developer
12 167 (3.85%) C++ Developer
13 161 (3.71%) Cloud Engineer
13 161 (3.71%) Java Developer
14 157 (3.62%) Linux Engineer
15 143 (3.30%) Senior DevOps
16 142 (3.27%) Big Data Engineer
17 131 (3.02%) Senior DevOps Engineer
18 128 (2.95%) Linux/Unix DevOps
19 126 (2.91%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 386 (8.90%) Node.js
2 333 (7.68%) Kafka
3 311 (7.17%) Web Services
4 299 (6.90%) HTML
5 274 (6.32%) Django
6 258 (5.95%) React
7 235 (5.42%) REST
8 220 (5.07%) Elastic Stack
9 204 (4.70%) CSS
10 184 (4.24%) AngularJS
11 177 (4.08%) RESTful
12 161 (3.71%) XML
13 143 (3.30%) .NET
14 125 (2.88%) RabbitMQ
15 119 (2.74%) Flask
16 108 (2.49%) HTML5
17 107 (2.47%) JSON
18 102 (2.35%) Pandas
19 99 (2.28%) TensorFlow
20 98 (2.26%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 386 (8.90%) Analytical Skills
2 299 (6.90%) Computer Science
3 287 (6.62%) Algorithms
4 182 (4.20%) Greenfield Project
5 174 (4.01%) Derivative
6 141 (3.25%) Linux Command Line
7 138 (3.18%) Fintech
8 134 (3.09%) Fixed Income
9 129 (2.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 111 (2.56%) Data Structures
11 82 (1.89%) User Experience
12 72 (1.66%) Hedge funds
13 69 (1.59%) Data Centre
14 57 (1.31%) Equities
15 54 (1.25%) Public Cloud
16 51 (1.18%) Mobile App
17 50 (1.15%) Private Cloud
18 47 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
19 45 (1.04%) Equity Derivative
20 43 (0.99%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 1,515 (34.94%) Linux
2 602 (13.88%) Unix
3 451 (10.40%) Windows
4 215 (4.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 166 (3.83%) CentOS
6 136 (3.14%) Ubuntu
7 66 (1.52%) Windows Server
8 51 (1.18%) Android
9 47 (1.08%) Apple iOS
9 47 (1.08%) Solaris
10 37 (0.85%) Mac OS X
11 30 (0.69%) Windows Server 2008
12 28 (0.65%) CoreOS
13 26 (0.60%) DC/OS
14 24 (0.55%) AIX
15 22 (0.51%) Debian
16 11 (0.25%) VMS
17 10 (0.23%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 10 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
18 9 (0.21%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,435 (33.10%) DevOps
2 1,359 (31.34%) Agile Software Development
3 655 (15.11%) Continuous Integration
4 648 (14.94%) Analytics
5 532 (12.27%) Configuration Management
6 526 (12.13%) Data Science
7 456 (10.52%) TDD
8 426 (9.82%) Machine Learning
9 423 (9.76%) Open Source
10 385 (8.88%) Test Automation
11 367 (8.46%) Problem-Solving
12 344 (7.93%) Scrum
13 337 (7.77%) Software Engineering
14 336 (7.75%) ETL
15 324 (7.47%) Microservices
16 264 (6.09%) OO
17 258 (5.95%) Migration
18 244 (5.63%) Business Intelligence
19 241 (5.56%) E-Commerce
20 231 (5.33%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 1,357 (31.30%) Java
2 1,108 (25.55%) SQL
3 769 (17.74%) Bash Shell
4 728 (16.79%) Ruby
5 659 (15.20%) JavaScript
6 566 (13.05%) Perl
7 453 (10.45%) C++
8 446 (10.29%) Scala
9 434 (10.01%) C#
10 381 (8.79%) R
11 296 (6.83%) Go
12 208 (4.80%) Shell Script
13 193 (4.45%) PowerShell
14 178 (4.11%) Groovy
15 140 (3.23%) C
16 132 (3.04%) PHP
17 97 (2.24%) Java 8
18 74 (1.71%) VBA
19 52 (1.20%) Korn
20 50 (1.15%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 367 (8.46%) Degree
2 261 (6.02%) Security Cleared
3 229 (5.28%) SC Cleared
4 106 (2.44%) Computer Science Degree
5 99 (2.28%) PhD
6 80 (1.85%) AWS Certification
7 65 (1.50%) Master's Degree
8 43 (0.99%) Numerate Degree
9 34 (0.78%) DV Cleared
10 29 (0.67%) Cisco Certification
11 18 (0.42%) CCNP
12 17 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
13 13 (0.30%) CISSP
14 11 (0.25%) RHCE
15 10 (0.23%) CISM
16 9 (0.21%) CCNA
17 7 (0.16%) ISEB
18 6 (0.14%) MBA
18 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
18 6 (0.14%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 132 (3.04%) QA
2 104 (2.40%) GCP
3 82 (1.89%) Data Quality
4 23 (0.53%) MiFID
5 19 (0.44%) GDPR
6 15 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 13 (0.30%) EMIR
7 13 (0.30%) SLA
8 8 (0.18%) GAAP
9 5 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
10 4 (0.092%) IFRS
10 4 (0.092%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.092%) Solvency II
11 3 (0.069%) Disclosure Scotland
11 3 (0.069%) PMO
12 2 (0.046%) Cyber Essentials
12 2 (0.046%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 2 (0.046%) NIST 800
13 1 (0.023%) Actionable Recommendations
13 1 (0.023%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 1,020 (23.52%) Docker
2 108 (2.49%) HDFS
3 91 (2.10%) VMware Infrastructure
4 59 (1.36%) Virtual Machines
5 44 (1.01%) Apache Flume
6 36 (0.83%) Active Directory
7 35 (0.81%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 30 (0.69%) VirtualBox
9 23 (0.53%) etcd
9 23 (0.53%) Firmware
9 23 (0.53%) Hyper-V
10 21 (0.48%) flannel
10 21 (0.48%) NFS
11 17 (0.39%) KVM
11 17 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
12 16 (0.37%) Xen
13 10 (0.23%) ProxySG
14 9 (0.21%) vCloud
14 9 (0.21%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 6 (0.14%) Squid
Systems Management
1 915 (21.10%) Ansible
2 654 (15.08%) Puppet
3 558 (12.87%) Kubernetes
4 522 (12.04%) Terraform
5 504 (11.62%) Opscode Chef
6 149 (3.44%) Salt
7 121 (2.79%) Nagios
8 114 (2.63%) Grafana
8 114 (2.63%) Kibana
9 106 (2.44%) Packer
10 103 (2.38%) logstash
11 91 (2.10%) ZABBIX
12 87 (2.01%) Prometheus
13 83 (1.91%) Mesos
14 75 (1.73%) Hadoop YARN
15 73 (1.68%) Consul
16 71 (1.64%) HAProxy
17 51 (1.18%) Oozie
18 49 (1.13%) Docker Swarm
19 38 (0.88%) Icinga
Vendors
1 321 (7.40%) Oracle
2 320 (7.38%) Google
3 252 (5.81%) Red Hat
4 219 (5.05%) Microsoft
5 160 (3.69%) Splunk
6 132 (3.04%) Tableau
7 121 (2.79%) VMware
8 108 (2.49%) Atlassian
9 99 (2.28%) Cloudera
10 91 (2.10%) SaltStack
11 79 (1.82%) Hortonworks
12 69 (1.59%) New Relic
12 69 (1.59%) Sybase
13 64 (1.48%) Cisco
13 64 (1.48%) IBM
14 53 (1.22%) SAP
15 47 (1.08%) Adobe
16 44 (1.01%) Alteryx
17 43 (0.99%) Salesforce.com
18 35 (0.81%) MapR