Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
England > London
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 6 11
Rank change year-on-year -4 +5 +4
Contract jobs citing Python 4,953 2,502 4,207
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 13.03% 15.47% 12.14%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.76% 31.20% 25.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,664 1,866 3,007
10th Percentile £425 £381 £413
25th Percentile £506 £450 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - -
75th Percentile £695 £662 £644
90th Percentile £760 £750 £725
England median daily rate £565 £525 £538
% change year-on-year +7.62% -2.33% +2.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 17 28
10th Percentile £32.00 £30.51 £9.40
25th Percentile £36.25 £35.00 £27.31
Median hourly rate £49.29 £38.50 £47.83
Median % change year-on-year +28.03% -19.51% +19.58%
75th Percentile £60.25 £47.12 £51.88
90th Percentile £65.18 £52.75 £55.15
England median hourly rate £39.75 £35.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +13.57% -22.22% +5.88%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 17,220 8,019 16,291
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 45.31% 49.58% 47.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,077 5,922 12,343
10th Percentile £406 £350 £363
25th Percentile £481 £425 £431
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - -
75th Percentile £675 £625 £619
90th Percentile £750 £713 £694
England median daily rate £535 £488 £488
% change year-on-year +9.74% - +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 110 53 107
10th Percentile £24.50 £22.10 £16.40
25th Percentile £36.25 £30.25 £24.79
Median hourly rate £52.50 £37.93 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +38.43% -15.72% +25.00%
75th Percentile £66.31 £50.39 £52.50
90th Percentile £78.83 £65.20 £60.22
England median hourly rate £47.50 £42.25 £44.00
% change year-on-year +12.43% -3.98% +4.76%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Daily rate trend for Python in London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in London

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in London

Python
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -2 495 £600 +14.29% 489
West London -1 88 £500 -1.96% 122
South London -3 35 £540 +25.95% 16
East London -24 8 £288 -29.01% 109
North London - 5 £150 - 8
Python
England

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,776 (35.86%) AWS
2 1,732 (34.97%) SQL
3 1,513 (30.55%) Agile Software Development
4 1,462 (29.52%) DevOps
5 1,434 (28.95%) Finance
6 1,366 (27.58%) Azure
7 1,334 (26.93%) Java
8 956 (19.30%) Analytics
9 915 (18.47%) JavaScript
10 900 (18.17%) Terraform
11 873 (17.63%) Linux
12 849 (17.14%) Kubernetes
13 845 (17.06%) Social Skills
14 769 (15.53%) Docker
15 760 (15.34%) Software Engineering
16 714 (14.42%) Git (software)
17 704 (14.21%) GCP
18 696 (14.05%) Ansible
19 684 (13.81%) Jenkins
20 627 (12.66%) Banking
21 530 (10.70%) React
22 525 (10.60%) Test Automation
23 521 (10.52%) Data Science
24 501 (10.12%) C#
25 487 (9.83%) C++
26 483 (9.75%) Full Stack Development
27 476 (9.61%) Serverless
28 473 (9.55%) Bash Shell
29 469 (9.47%) Front Office
30 460 (9.29%) Infrastructure as Code

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 407 (8.22%) Apache Spark
2 206 (4.16%) Apache
3 185 (3.74%) Apache Airflow
4 172 (3.47%) Confluence
5 117 (2.36%) Elasticsearch
6 56 (1.13%) SAS
7 54 (1.09%) nginx
8 44 (0.89%) Tomcat
8 44 (0.89%) WebSphere
9 42 (0.85%) SharePoint
10 38 (0.77%) Jupyter
11 31 (0.63%) Luigi
12 30 (0.61%) OpenStack
13 29 (0.59%) WebLogic
14 27 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
15 23 (0.46%) BizTalk Server
15 23 (0.46%) IIS
16 22 (0.44%) Gunicorn
17 17 (0.34%) DataSynapse
17 17 (0.34%) Ethereum
Applications
1 159 (3.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 43 (0.87%) Microsoft Office
3 25 (0.50%) MS Visio
4 17 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.26%) Chatbot
6 10 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
7 9 (0.18%) Blender
8 8 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
9 7 (0.14%) SPSS
10 4 (0.081%) Photoshop
11 3 (0.061%) GIMP
11 3 (0.061%) LaTeX
12 2 (0.040%) Notepad++
13 1 (0.020%) CPLEX
13 1 (0.020%) Maya
13 1 (0.020%) SOLIDWORKS
13 1 (0.020%) SPSS Modeler
13 1 (0.020%) Stata
Business Applications
1 35 (0.71%) SunGard Martini
2 22 (0.44%) Sentinel
3 15 (0.30%) BusinessWorks
4 10 (0.20%) ION MarketView
5 8 (0.16%) FINCAD Analytics
6 7 (0.14%) RMDS
7 5 (0.10%) Magento
7 5 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 4 (0.081%) ContrOCC
8 4 (0.081%) SAP Hybris
8 4 (0.081%) SAP S/4HANA
9 3 (0.061%) Distributed Ledger
9 3 (0.061%) Dynamics CRM
9 3 (0.061%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 3 (0.061%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 3 (0.061%) thinkFolio
10 2 (0.040%) IBM Planning Analytics
10 2 (0.040%) Loan IQ
10 2 (0.040%) Oracle Cash Management
10 2 (0.040%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 1,776 (35.86%) AWS
2 1,366 (27.58%) Azure
3 704 (14.21%) GCP
4 476 (9.61%) Serverless
5 325 (6.56%) Power Platform
6 321 (6.48%) GitHub
7 290 (5.86%) AWS Lambda
8 262 (5.29%) Amazon S3
9 234 (4.72%) AWS CloudFormation
10 189 (3.82%) Amazon EC2
11 152 (3.07%) PaaS
12 148 (2.99%) Azure Data Factory
13 112 (2.26%) IaaS
14 107 (2.16%) Azure Functions
15 99 (2.00%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 99 (2.00%) Cloud Computing
16 95 (1.92%) Snowflake
17 94 (1.90%) Amazon ECS
18 92 (1.86%) SaaS
19 71 (1.43%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 128 (2.58%) Firewall
2 122 (2.46%) TCP/IP
3 80 (1.62%) DNS
4 66 (1.33%) HTTP
5 53 (1.07%) Kerberos
6 52 (1.05%) Internet
7 51 (1.03%) BGP
8 50 (1.01%) SSL
9 48 (0.97%) VPN
10 33 (0.67%) WAN
11 31 (0.63%) Network Security
12 28 (0.57%) SAN
13 24 (0.48%) Multicast
14 21 (0.42%) Wireless
15 19 (0.38%) FTP
15 19 (0.38%) OSPF
15 19 (0.38%) Reverse Proxy
16 18 (0.36%) LAN
17 17 (0.34%) DHCP
18 13 (0.26%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 407 (8.22%) Big Data
2 321 (6.48%) Power BI
3 286 (5.77%) PostgreSQL
4 284 (5.73%) Data Warehouse
5 277 (5.59%) SQL Server
6 273 (5.51%) NoSQL
7 238 (4.81%) Tableau
8 235 (4.74%) Hadoop
9 215 (4.34%) Data Lake
10 206 (4.16%) Relational Database
11 169 (3.41%) MongoDB
12 157 (3.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 122 (2.46%) MySQL
14 120 (2.42%) BigQuery
15 116 (2.34%) Amazon Redshift
16 106 (2.14%) Apache Hive
17 102 (2.06%) Amazon RDS
18 95 (1.92%) Apache Cassandra
19 94 (1.90%) Azure SQL Database
20 89 (1.80%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 714 (14.42%) Git (software)
2 684 (13.81%) Jenkins
3 337 (6.80%) JIRA
4 237 (4.78%) GitLab
5 153 (3.09%) Subversion
6 140 (2.83%) Artifactory
7 136 (2.75%) Bitbucket
8 133 (2.69%) TeamCity
9 89 (1.80%) Maven
10 69 (1.39%) Visual Studio
11 66 (1.33%) Sonatype Nexus
12 64 (1.29%) Selenium
13 55 (1.11%) CircleCI
14 53 (1.07%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 52 (1.05%) Cucumber
16 36 (0.73%) Robot Framework
17 35 (0.71%) Hudson
18 33 (0.67%) Oracle APEX
19 32 (0.65%) CppUnit
20 31 (0.63%) Gradle
General
1 1,434 (28.95%) Finance
2 845 (17.06%) Social Skills
3 627 (12.66%) Banking
4 469 (9.47%) Front Office
5 396 (8.00%) Analytical Skills
6 290 (5.86%) Investment Banking
7 170 (3.43%) Public Sector
8 140 (2.83%) Presentation Skills
9 84 (1.70%) Financial Institution
10 79 (1.59%) Marketing
11 77 (1.55%) Retail
12 60 (1.21%) Legal
13 53 (1.07%) Telecoms
14 42 (0.85%) Back Office
15 40 (0.81%) Law
16 39 (0.79%) Manufacturing
17 35 (0.71%) Influencing Skills
17 35 (0.71%) Publishing
18 30 (0.61%) Documentation Skills
19 27 (0.55%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 1,743 (35.19%) Developer
2 862 (17.40%) Python Developer
3 676 (13.65%) Data Engineer
4 453 (9.15%) DevOps Engineer
5 414 (8.36%) Python Engineer
6 345 (6.97%) Analyst
7 336 (6.78%) AWS Engineer
8 286 (5.77%) Software Engineer
9 248 (5.01%) Architect
10 222 (4.48%) Java Developer
11 215 (4.34%) Azure Engineer
12 208 (4.20%) Senior Developer
13 186 (3.76%) Cloud Engineer
14 166 (3.35%) Data Analyst
15 158 (3.19%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 152 (3.07%) Data Scientist
17 134 (2.71%) React Developer
18 132 (2.67%) Full Stack Developer
18 132 (2.67%) Python Software Engineer
19 121 (2.44%) C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 530 (10.70%) React
2 371 (7.49%) Web Services
3 360 (7.27%) Kafka
4 334 (6.74%) .NET
5 325 (6.56%) AngularJS
6 320 (6.46%) Node.js
7 285 (5.75%) REST
8 283 (5.71%) HTML
9 255 (5.15%) Django
10 233 (4.70%) Pandas
11 197 (3.98%) CSS
12 187 (3.78%) PySpark
13 180 (3.63%) NumPy
14 174 (3.51%) RESTful
15 171 (3.45%) Flask
16 163 (3.29%) JSON
17 133 (2.69%) XML
18 130 (2.62%) HTML5
19 116 (2.34%) Spring
20 105 (2.12%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 286 (5.77%) Derivative
2 242 (4.89%) Equities
3 227 (4.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 220 (4.44%) Algorithms
5 218 (4.40%) Fixed Income
6 186 (3.76%) Cloud Native
7 172 (3.47%) Hedge funds
8 134 (2.71%) Data Structures
9 125 (2.52%) Data Protection Act
9 125 (2.52%) User Experience
10 109 (2.20%) Public Cloud
11 88 (1.78%) Greenfield Project
12 82 (1.66%) Data Centre
13 75 (1.51%) Management Information System
14 65 (1.31%) Market Risk
15 58 (1.17%) Credit Risk
16 54 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
17 53 (1.07%) Self-Motivation
18 52 (1.05%) Virtual Team
19 51 (1.03%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 873 (17.63%) Linux
2 399 (8.06%) Windows
3 275 (5.55%) Unix
4 119 (2.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 54 (1.09%) Windows Server
6 43 (0.87%) CentOS
6 43 (0.87%) Ubuntu
7 29 (0.59%) Solaris
8 23 (0.46%) Apple iOS
9 19 (0.38%) Debian
10 17 (0.34%) Android
11 16 (0.32%) Mac OS
12 14 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
13 12 (0.24%) VMS
14 11 (0.22%) AIX
14 11 (0.22%) Mac OS X
14 11 (0.22%) Windows 10
15 10 (0.20%) Oracle Linux
15 10 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
16 8 (0.16%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,513 (30.55%) Agile Software Development
2 1,462 (29.52%) DevOps
3 956 (19.30%) Analytics
4 760 (15.34%) Software Engineering
5 525 (10.60%) Test Automation
6 521 (10.52%) Data Science
7 483 (9.75%) Full Stack Development
8 460 (9.29%) Infrastructure as Code
9 458 (9.25%) Microservices
10 434 (8.76%) Problem-Solving
11 410 (8.28%) Business Intelligence
12 384 (7.75%) Scrum
12 384 (7.75%) Visualisation
13 364 (7.35%) Data Engineering
14 349 (7.05%) Data Modelling
14 349 (7.05%) ETL
15 340 (6.86%) Asset Management
16 336 (6.78%) Machine Learning
17 310 (6.26%) Data Pipeline
18 306 (6.18%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 1,732 (34.97%) SQL
2 1,334 (26.93%) Java
3 915 (18.47%) JavaScript
4 501 (10.12%) C#
5 487 (9.83%) C++
6 473 (9.55%) Bash Shell
7 376 (7.59%) Scala
8 342 (6.90%) PowerShell
9 289 (5.83%) TypeScript
10 281 (5.67%) Go
11 252 (5.09%) R
12 218 (4.40%) Ruby
13 177 (3.57%) Perl
14 140 (2.83%) Shell Script
15 132 (2.67%) Groovy
16 128 (2.58%) C
17 122 (2.46%) Kotlin
18 98 (1.98%) VBA
19 85 (1.72%) PL/SQL
20 82 (1.66%) PHP
Qualifications
1 342 (6.90%) Degree
2 215 (4.34%) Security Cleared
3 161 (3.25%) SC Cleared
4 103 (2.08%) Computer Science Degree
5 55 (1.11%) AWS Certification
6 41 (0.83%) Cisco Certification
6 41 (0.83%) Master's Degree
7 39 (0.79%) PhD
8 32 (0.65%) Numerate Degree
9 26 (0.52%) CCNP
9 26 (0.52%) DV Cleared
10 23 (0.46%) CISSP
11 20 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
12 15 (0.30%) ISTQB
13 14 (0.28%) CCIE
14 13 (0.26%) CCNA
15 11 (0.22%) CISM
16 9 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
17 8 (0.16%) CREST Certified
18 7 (0.14%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 188 (3.80%) QA
2 144 (2.91%) Data Quality
3 61 (1.23%) GDPR
4 60 (1.21%) Accessibility
5 23 (0.46%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 21 (0.42%) SLA
7 13 (0.26%) IFRS
7 13 (0.26%) NCSC
8 11 (0.22%) PMO
9 8 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 7 (0.14%) MiFID
10 7 (0.14%) NIST
11 5 (0.10%) PCI DSS
12 4 (0.081%) Actionable Recommendations
12 4 (0.081%) HL7
12 4 (0.081%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 3 (0.061%) Disclosure Scotland
13 3 (0.061%) EMIR
13 3 (0.061%) GRC
13 3 (0.061%) SOC 2
System Software
1 769 (15.53%) Docker
2 108 (2.18%) Active Directory
3 80 (1.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 38 (0.77%) NFS
5 24 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
6 21 (0.42%) HDFS
7 20 (0.40%) VMware ESXi
8 18 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 15 (0.30%) vSphere
10 9 (0.18%) VMware NSX
11 7 (0.14%) KVM
12 6 (0.12%) Hyper-V
12 6 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
12 6 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
13 5 (0.10%) vCloud
14 4 (0.081%) Apache Flume
14 4 (0.081%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 4 (0.081%) Platform Symphony
14 4 (0.081%) Virtual Servers
14 4 (0.081%) Xen
Systems Management
1 900 (18.17%) Terraform
2 849 (17.14%) Kubernetes
3 696 (14.05%) Ansible
4 183 (3.69%) Puppet
5 130 (2.62%) Grafana
6 126 (2.54%) Prometheus
7 121 (2.44%) Opscode Chef
8 92 (1.86%) BladeLogic
9 61 (1.23%) Kibana
10 48 (0.97%) ITRS Geneos
11 40 (0.81%) Istio
12 37 (0.75%) Packer
13 28 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
14 26 (0.52%) Control-M
15 25 (0.50%) Consul
15 25 (0.50%) Nagios
16 22 (0.44%) Bosun
17 18 (0.36%) Rancher
18 17 (0.34%) VictorOps
19 16 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 401 (8.10%) Oracle
2 281 (5.67%) Google
2 281 (5.67%) Microsoft
3 253 (5.11%) Databricks
4 120 (2.42%) VMware
5 108 (2.18%) Splunk
6 90 (1.82%) Red Hat
7 70 (1.41%) Cloudera
8 62 (1.25%) Informatica
9 53 (1.07%) Cisco
10 49 (0.99%) MuleSoft
11 44 (0.89%) Citrix
11 44 (0.89%) Hortonworks
11 44 (0.89%) IBM
12 42 (0.85%) ServiceNow
12 42 (0.85%) Sybase
13 40 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
14 39 (0.79%) TIBCO
15 36 (0.73%) Alteryx
15 36 (0.73%) SAP