Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 76 69 71
Rank change year-on-year -7 +2 -8
Contract jobs citing REST 2,780 2,231 1,310
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.12% 3.39% 3.18%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.59% 11.12% 10.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,873 1,567 908
10th Percentile £413 £388 £377
25th Percentile £479 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £520
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% -3.85% +4.00%
75th Percentile £675 £614 £600
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 10 12
10th Percentile £37.95 £24.94 -
25th Percentile £54.69 £35.00 £46.00
Median hourly rate £70.00 £45.00 £53.06
Median % change year-on-year +55.56% -15.19% +1.07%
75th Percentile £76.26 £52.13 £63.13
90th Percentile £78.55 £55.05 £68.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £70.00 £50.00 £51.50
% change year-on-year +40.00% -2.91% -6.36%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 23,996 20,055 12,574
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.97% 30.48% 30.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,613 14,283 8,899
10th Percentile £400 £350 £333
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £671 £600 £588
90th Percentile £763 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £504 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.89% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 231 195 112
10th Percentile £20.25 £20.01 £20.16
25th Percentile £35.00 £29.00 £31.11
Median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £45.50
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -1.10% +1.21%
75th Percentile £65.75 £57.50 £57.50
90th Percentile £75.39 £66.30 £66.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £41.25 £45.00
% change year-on-year +33.33% -8.33% +2.48%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST.

Daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST.

Hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -12 2,186 £575 +9.52% 539
Work from Home -2 1,490 £556 +11.20% 258
London -4 1,439 £600 +9.09% 280
UK excluding London -16 717 £525 +10.53% 294
North of England +1 207 £525 +10.53% 75
South East -25 174 £575 +15.00% 58
North West +17 144 £525 +13.51% 37
Scotland -15 123 £500 +17.30% 16
South West -3 88 £520 +12.43% 36
Midlands -31 56 £538 +13.16% 54
Yorkshire -20 52 £500 -1.96% 30
East of England -3 42 £563 +13.64% 30
West Midlands -23 42 £550 +15.79% 38
Wales +10 25 £525 -3.00% 20
North East -7 14 £515 +3.00% 8
East Midlands -14 14 £463 +8.82% 15
Northern Ireland -14 6 £500 +5.82% 5

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 1,343 (48.31%) Agile
2 1,189 (42.77%) Java
3 1,030 (37.05%) JavaScript
4 858 (30.86%) Microservices
5 751 (27.01%) CI/CD
6 728 (26.19%) SQL
7 710 (25.54%) DevOps
8 698 (25.11%) Git (software)
9 663 (23.85%) Spring
10 661 (23.78%) SOAP
11 643 (23.13%) React
12 630 (22.66%) AWS
13 629 (22.63%) Azure
14 625 (22.48%) HTML
15 588 (21.15%) Web Services
16 579 (20.83%) JSON
17 575 (20.68%) TDD
18 539 (19.39%) Social Skills
19 535 (19.24%) Docker
20 527 (18.96%) Python
21 518 (18.63%) CSS
21 518 (18.63%) Test Automation
22 517 (18.60%) Jenkins
23 504 (18.13%) Finance
23 504 (18.13%) Scrum
24 453 (16.29%) Kubernetes
25 440 (15.83%) Spring Boot
26 424 (15.25%) JIRA
27 420 (15.11%) AngularJS
28 413 (14.86%) Node.js

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 220 (7.91%) Confluence
2 79 (2.84%) Tomcat
3 74 (2.66%) Apache
4 67 (2.41%) JBoss
5 62 (2.23%) Cloud Foundry
6 55 (1.98%) SharePoint
7 50 (1.80%) CMS
8 45 (1.62%) Mule
9 43 (1.55%) WebSphere
10 39 (1.40%) Red Hat Fuse
11 31 (1.12%) Apache Spark
11 31 (1.12%) nginx
12 29 (1.04%) BizTalk Server
12 29 (1.04%) IIS
12 29 (1.04%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 22 (0.79%) WebLogic
14 21 (0.76%) Sitecore CMS
15 15 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
15 15 (0.54%) Apache Solr
15 15 (0.54%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 21 (0.76%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
3 12 (0.43%) Chatbot
4 6 (0.22%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.18%) InfoPath
6 4 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.11%) Oracle Smart View
8 2 (0.072%) Simulink
9 1 (0.036%) Adobe XD
9 1 (0.036%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 36 (1.29%) Oracle ERP
2 13 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
3 11 (0.40%) Shopify
4 10 (0.36%) Magento
5 9 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
5 9 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
5 9 (0.32%) SAP S/4HANA
6 7 (0.25%) assyst
7 6 (0.22%) Carpe Diem
7 6 (0.22%) Elite 3E
7 6 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
8 5 (0.18%) Oracle Receivables
8 5 (0.18%) SunGard Martini
9 3 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
9 3 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
9 3 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
9 3 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 3 (0.11%) WebTrends
10 2 (0.072%) SAP MDG
10 2 (0.072%) Social Studio
Cloud Services
1 630 (22.66%) AWS
2 629 (22.63%) Azure
3 303 (10.90%) GitHub
4 215 (7.73%) Serverless
5 176 (6.33%) Azure DevOps
6 148 (5.32%) AWS Lambda
7 136 (4.89%) GCP
7 136 (4.89%) SaaS
8 127 (4.57%) OpenShift
9 124 (4.46%) PaaS
10 82 (2.95%) Amazon S3
11 62 (2.23%) Power Platform
12 61 (2.19%) IaaS
13 57 (2.05%) npm
14 56 (2.01%) Cloud Computing
15 53 (1.91%) Amazon EC2
15 53 (1.91%) Apigee
16 49 (1.76%) Amazon SQS
17 43 (1.55%) BrowserStack
18 42 (1.51%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 185 (6.65%) HTTP
2 60 (2.16%) TCP/IP
3 51 (1.83%) HTTPS
4 45 (1.62%) Firewall
5 33 (1.19%) Internet
6 31 (1.12%) SSL
7 25 (0.90%) DNS
8 23 (0.83%) FTP
9 14 (0.50%) Kerberos
10 12 (0.43%) 5G
10 12 (0.43%) MQTT
11 10 (0.36%) DMZ
11 10 (0.36%) Network Security
11 10 (0.36%) VPN
12 9 (0.32%) SAN
12 9 (0.32%) SMTP
13 8 (0.29%) 3G
13 8 (0.29%) 4G
13 8 (0.29%) Intrusion Detection
13 8 (0.29%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 279 (10.04%) NoSQL
2 275 (9.89%) MongoDB
3 265 (9.53%) SQL Server
4 255 (9.17%) PostgreSQL
5 218 (7.84%) Relational Database
6 144 (5.18%) MySQL
7 89 (3.20%) Redis
8 82 (2.95%) DynamoDB
9 77 (2.77%) Elasticsearch
10 53 (1.91%) Oracle Database
11 51 (1.83%) Apache Cassandra
12 49 (1.76%) Amazon RDS
13 44 (1.58%) RDBMS
14 42 (1.51%) Big Data
15 37 (1.33%) Amazon Aurora
16 34 (1.22%) Azure SQL Database
16 34 (1.22%) Power BI
17 33 (1.19%) Data Warehouse
18 24 (0.86%) DB2
19 22 (0.79%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 698 (25.11%) Git (software)
2 517 (18.60%) Jenkins
3 424 (15.25%) JIRA
4 305 (10.97%) Maven
5 216 (7.77%) JUnit
6 150 (5.40%) GitLab
7 147 (5.29%) Cucumber
7 147 (5.29%) Postman
7 147 (5.29%) Selenium
8 127 (4.57%) Cypress.io
9 113 (4.06%) Bitbucket
10 108 (3.88%) Gradle
11 89 (3.20%) JMeter
12 87 (3.13%) Mockito
13 85 (3.06%) SoapUI
14 82 (2.95%) Subversion
15 72 (2.59%) Visual Studio
16 68 (2.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 68 (2.45%) SonarQube
17 64 (2.30%) TeamCity
General
1 539 (19.39%) Social Skills
2 504 (18.13%) Finance
3 253 (9.10%) Banking
4 206 (7.41%) Analytical Skills
5 198 (7.12%) Public Sector
6 94 (3.38%) Investment Banking
7 70 (2.52%) Marketing
8 67 (2.41%) Front Office
9 64 (2.30%) Retail
10 61 (2.19%) Telecoms
11 49 (1.76%) Presentation Skills
12 42 (1.51%) Manufacturing
13 40 (1.44%) Law
14 37 (1.33%) Legal
15 28 (1.01%) Financial Institution
16 27 (0.97%) Back Office
17 26 (0.94%) Electronics
18 22 (0.79%) Documentation Skills
19 20 (0.72%) Publishing
20 18 (0.65%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,605 (57.73%) Developer
2 457 (16.44%) Java Developer
3 274 (9.86%) Senior Developer
4 238 (8.56%) Architect
5 165 (5.94%) Full Stack Developer
6 142 (5.11%) React Developer
7 123 (4.42%) Software Engineer
8 116 (4.17%) Python Developer
9 111 (3.99%) .NET Developer
10 105 (3.78%) Senior Java Developer
11 102 (3.67%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 101 (3.63%) Solutions Architect
13 85 (3.06%) JavaScript Developer
14 70 (2.52%) Backend Developer
15 68 (2.45%) Tester
16 67 (2.41%) Salesforce Developer
17 65 (2.34%) Consultant
18 63 (2.27%) iOS Developer
19 60 (2.16%) C# Developer
20 59 (2.12%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 663 (23.85%) Spring
2 661 (23.78%) SOAP
3 643 (23.13%) React
4 625 (22.48%) HTML
5 588 (21.15%) Web Services
6 579 (20.83%) JSON
7 518 (18.63%) CSS
8 440 (15.83%) Spring Boot
9 420 (15.11%) AngularJS
10 413 (14.86%) Node.js
11 382 (13.74%) XML
12 358 (12.88%) .NET
13 240 (8.63%) GraphQL
14 230 (8.27%) HTML5
15 227 (8.17%) Kafka
16 184 (6.62%) RESTful
17 166 (5.97%) Swagger
18 165 (5.94%) OAuth
19 150 (5.40%) jQuery
20 142 (5.11%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 258 (9.28%) User Experience
2 170 (6.12%) Mobile App
3 108 (3.88%) Cloud Native
4 68 (2.45%) Enterprise Software
5 66 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
6 59 (2.12%) Greenfield Project
7 58 (2.09%) Public Cloud
8 44 (1.58%) Legacy Systems
9 43 (1.55%) iPad
10 42 (1.51%) Data Structures
11 40 (1.44%) Data Protection Act
11 40 (1.44%) Virtual Team
12 34 (1.22%) Linux Command Line
13 27 (0.97%) Algorithms
14 24 (0.86%) CMDB
14 24 (0.86%) Media Streaming
14 24 (0.86%) Video\Live Streaming
15 23 (0.83%) Derivative
15 23 (0.83%) Private Cloud
15 23 (0.83%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 299 (10.76%) Linux
2 163 (5.86%) Windows
3 129 (4.64%) Unix
4 128 (4.60%) Apple iOS
5 116 (4.17%) Android
6 23 (0.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 12 (0.43%) Mac OS X
8 9 (0.32%) Windows Server
9 7 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
11 4 (0.14%) Solaris
12 3 (0.11%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.11%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.11%) zOS
13 2 (0.072%) Debian
13 2 (0.072%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.072%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.072%) Windows Server 2019
14 1 (0.036%) Data ONTAP
14 1 (0.036%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,343 (48.31%) Agile
2 858 (30.86%) Microservices
3 751 (27.01%) CI/CD
4 710 (25.54%) DevOps
5 575 (20.68%) TDD
6 518 (18.63%) Test Automation
7 504 (18.13%) Scrum
8 373 (13.42%) Software Engineering
9 362 (13.02%) Continuous Integration
10 359 (12.91%) Full Stack Development
11 341 (12.27%) BDD
12 314 (11.29%) Problem-Solving
13 222 (7.99%) SDLC
14 221 (7.95%) Front End Development
15 219 (7.88%) Unit Testing
16 192 (6.91%) OO
17 189 (6.80%) Kanban
18 180 (6.47%) Analytics
19 169 (6.08%) Mentoring
19 169 (6.08%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,189 (42.77%) Java
2 1,030 (37.05%) JavaScript
3 728 (26.19%) SQL
4 527 (18.96%) Python
5 385 (13.85%) TypeScript
6 371 (13.35%) C#
7 135 (4.86%) PowerShell
8 107 (3.85%) PL/SQL
9 106 (3.81%) Bash
10 97 (3.49%) Kotlin
11 90 (3.24%) Apple Swift
12 85 (3.06%) PHP
13 76 (2.73%) Scala
14 69 (2.48%) Shell Script
15 65 (2.34%) Go
16 60 (2.16%) ES6
17 57 (2.05%) Ruby
18 54 (1.94%) Apex Code
18 54 (1.94%) T-SQL
19 46 (1.65%) C++
Qualifications
1 236 (8.49%) Security Cleared
2 183 (6.58%) SC Cleared
3 119 (4.28%) Degree
4 54 (1.94%) Computer Science Degree
5 47 (1.69%) BPSS Clearance
6 17 (0.61%) DV Cleared
7 14 (0.50%) CISSP
8 13 (0.47%) AWS Certification
8 13 (0.47%) CEH
8 13 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
8 13 (0.47%) Master's Degree
9 11 (0.40%) Oracle Certification
10 9 (0.32%) CISM
10 9 (0.32%) ISTQB
11 7 (0.25%) GIAC
11 7 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.25%) OCP
12 6 (0.22%) PhD
13 5 (0.18%) CCNA
13 5 (0.18%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 194 (6.98%) QA
2 128 (4.60%) Accessibility
3 26 (0.94%) WCAG
4 18 (0.65%) Data Quality
4 18 (0.65%) GDPR
5 17 (0.61%) SLA
6 12 (0.43%) PCI DSS
7 7 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 4 (0.14%) Actionable Recommendations
8 4 (0.14%) GRC
8 4 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 3 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 3 (0.11%) NIST
9 3 (0.11%) WAI
10 2 (0.072%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.072%) FATCA
10 2 (0.072%) PMO
11 1 (0.036%) Cyber Essentials
11 1 (0.036%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 1 (0.036%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 535 (19.24%) Docker
2 54 (1.94%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.76%) Virtual Machines
3 21 (0.76%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.25%) NFS
4 7 (0.25%) vSphere
5 6 (0.22%) Postfix
5 6 (0.22%) VMware NSX
6 4 (0.14%) OpenAM
7 3 (0.11%) OpenDJ
7 3 (0.11%) Platform Symphony
7 3 (0.11%) Slurm Workload Manager
7 3 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (0.11%) zsh
8 2 (0.072%) HDFS
8 2 (0.072%) OpenIDM
8 2 (0.072%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.036%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.036%) vCloud
9 1 (0.036%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 453 (16.29%) Kubernetes
2 195 (7.01%) Terraform
3 158 (5.68%) Ansible
4 53 (1.91%) Grafana
5 41 (1.47%) Puppet
6 39 (1.40%) Kibana
7 36 (1.29%) Single Sign-On
8 20 (0.72%) Prometheus
9 15 (0.54%) logstash
10 13 (0.47%) Argo
10 13 (0.47%) Docker Swarm
10 13 (0.47%) Istio
10 13 (0.47%) Rancher
11 12 (0.43%) BladeLogic
11 12 (0.43%) ITRS Geneos
11 12 (0.43%) Mesos
11 12 (0.43%) Opscode Chef
12 11 (0.40%) Nessus
13 10 (0.36%) AirWatch
14 8 (0.29%) Consul
Vendors
1 339 (12.19%) Oracle
2 212 (7.63%) Microsoft
3 101 (3.63%) Google
4 95 (3.42%) Salesforce.com
5 94 (3.38%) IBM
6 85 (3.06%) SAP
7 79 (2.84%) Splunk
8 73 (2.63%) ServiceNow
9 64 (2.30%) MuleSoft
10 57 (2.05%) AppDynamics
11 55 (1.98%) Atlassian
12 44 (1.58%) Apple
13 43 (1.55%) Red Hat
14 35 (1.26%) Dynatrace
15 27 (0.97%) Mercator
16 23 (0.83%) Sybase
16 23 (0.83%) VMware
17 22 (0.79%) Adobe
17 22 (0.79%) Sitecore
18 18 (0.65%) Databricks