Period
to 19 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 19 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 57 56 70
Rank change year-on-year -1 +14 +42
Contract jobs citing REST 4,209 3,661 3,420
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.08% 3.68% 3.21%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.70% 11.42% 10.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,962 2,519 2,425
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £363 £339 £320
90th Percentile £625 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 34 17
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £31.90
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +41.07% -14.93%
10th Percentile £35.00 £23.52 £20.85
90th Percentile £64.84 £51.75 £43.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.25 £45.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year -1.67% +38.46% -13.33%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,962 32,047 32,361
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.88% 32.23% 30.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,313 22,481 22,491
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £295
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 322 366 382
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +0.13%
10th Percentile £15.30 £18.25 £13.50
90th Percentile £59.88 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.31 £36.00
% change year-on-year +1.72% +11.96% -3.94%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 19 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 19 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 3,897 £500 +5.26% 1,010
London 0 2,236 £525 +5.00% 473
UK excluding London +8 1,929 £450 +5.88% 593
South East -4 654 £475 +11.76% 134
North of England +3 338 £450 +5.88% 165
Midlands +23 249 £425 - 73
Scotland +36 210 £450 +12.50% 41
East of England +21 210 £450 +5.88% 88
South West +4 206 £425 +11.84% 77
West Midlands +5 163 £450 -10.00% 33
Yorkshire +5 160 £450 +4.65% 62
North West -11 142 £425 - 80
East Midlands +36 81 £381 +8.93% 40
Wales +11 59 £425 -17.07% 7
North East +11 36 £438 -5.41% 23
Northern Ireland +22 12 £265 -35.76% 9

For the 6 months to 19 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 2,320 (55.12%) Agile Software Development
2 2,180 (51.79%) Java
3 1,578 (37.49%) JavaScript
4 1,431 (34.00%) TDD
5 1,269 (30.15%) Web Services
6 1,247 (29.63%) Git (software)
7 1,201 (28.53%) Microservices
8 1,140 (27.08%) SOAP
9 1,113 (26.44%) HTML
10 1,084 (25.75%) Spring
11 1,006 (23.90%) CSS
12 935 (22.21%) Jenkins
13 908 (21.57%) Scrum
14 906 (21.53%) JSON
15 857 (20.36%) BDD
16 855 (20.31%) SQL
17 845 (20.08%) Continuous Integration
18 825 (19.60%) AngularJS
19 793 (18.84%) Docker
20 770 (18.29%) Test Automation
21 741 (17.61%) DevOps
22 736 (17.49%) Amazon AWS
23 731 (17.37%) C#
24 710 (16.87%) JIRA
25 707 (16.80%) .NET
26 686 (16.30%) Finance
27 683 (16.23%) Java 8
28 672 (15.97%) Node.js
29 623 (14.80%) MVC
30 583 (13.85%) HTML5

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 477 (11.33%) Confluence
2 193 (4.59%) Elasticsearch
3 160 (3.80%) Apache
4 124 (2.95%) Tomcat
5 112 (2.66%) JBoss
6 100 (2.38%) Apache Spark
7 90 (2.14%) SharePoint
8 85 (2.02%) CMS
9 80 (1.90%) WebLogic
10 78 (1.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 77 (1.83%) WebSphere
12 76 (1.81%) Mule
13 60 (1.43%) WildFly
14 55 (1.31%) IIS
14 55 (1.31%) MQSeries
15 46 (1.09%) Cloud Foundry
16 39 (0.93%) Apache Solr
17 36 (0.86%) SharePoint 2013
18 34 (0.81%) nginx
19 30 (0.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 23 (0.55%) MS Visio
2 19 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (0.45%) Photoshop
3 13 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
5 10 (0.24%) Fireworks
6 8 (0.19%) InfoPath
7 6 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
7 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
8 5 (0.12%) GIMP
9 3 (0.071%) HipChat
10 2 (0.048%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.048%) GNU Octave
11 1 (0.024%) 3ds Max
11 1 (0.024%) InVision
11 1 (0.024%) Maya
11 1 (0.024%) Microsoft Project
11 1 (0.024%) OmniGraffle
11 1 (0.024%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 30 (0.71%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.38%) Remedy ITSM
3 12 (0.29%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 12 (0.29%) Magento
4 10 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
5 7 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
6 6 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
6 6 (0.14%) Markit EDM
7 4 (0.095%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.095%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.071%) Maximo
8 3 (0.071%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.071%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 3 (0.071%) SAP MII
8 3 (0.071%) Workday HCM
9 2 (0.048%) BusinessWorks
9 2 (0.048%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.048%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.048%) Payment Gateway
9 2 (0.048%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 736 (17.49%) Amazon AWS
2 518 (12.31%) Microsoft Azure
3 144 (3.42%) GitHub
4 140 (3.33%) Serverless
5 96 (2.28%) AWS Lambda
6 89 (2.11%) PaaS
7 79 (1.88%) npm
8 77 (1.83%) SaaS
9 71 (1.69%) Heroku
10 70 (1.66%) Google Cloud Platform
11 57 (1.35%) OpenShift
12 55 (1.31%) Amazon EC2
13 54 (1.28%) Slack
14 53 (1.26%) Office 365
15 52 (1.24%) Amazon S3
15 52 (1.24%) Apigee
16 35 (0.83%) Azure Functions
16 35 (0.83%) IaaS
17 32 (0.76%) Google Analytics
18 31 (0.74%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 316 (7.51%) HTTP
2 102 (2.42%) SSL
3 101 (2.40%) TCP/IP
4 68 (1.62%) DNS
5 52 (1.24%) FTP
5 52 (1.24%) Internet
6 37 (0.88%) Firewall
7 33 (0.78%) HTTPS
8 32 (0.76%) AMQP
9 30 (0.71%) Kerberos
10 27 (0.64%) SSH
11 22 (0.52%) VPN
12 13 (0.31%) SMS
13 12 (0.29%) Skype
13 12 (0.29%) X.509
14 11 (0.26%) MPLS
15 10 (0.24%) LAN
16 9 (0.21%) Bluetooth
16 9 (0.21%) Ethernet
16 9 (0.21%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 490 (11.64%) NoSQL
2 469 (11.14%) MongoDB
3 421 (10.00%) Relational Database
4 415 (9.86%) SQL Server
5 371 (8.81%) PostgreSQL
6 283 (6.72%) MySQL
7 201 (4.78%) Big Data
8 187 (4.44%) Apache Cassandra
9 140 (3.33%) RDBMS
10 134 (3.18%) Hadoop
11 117 (2.78%) Oracle Database
12 99 (2.35%) Redis
13 91 (2.16%) Couchbase
14 67 (1.59%) HBase
15 54 (1.28%) Cosmos DB
16 51 (1.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 50 (1.19%) Oracle Database 12c
18 40 (0.95%) DB2
19 31 (0.74%) Azure SQL Database
20 29 (0.69%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,247 (29.63%) Git (software)
2 935 (22.21%) Jenkins
3 710 (16.87%) JIRA
4 527 (12.52%) Maven
5 436 (10.36%) JUnit
6 388 (9.22%) Selenium
7 298 (7.08%) Cucumber
8 221 (5.25%) Subversion
9 175 (4.16%) Mockito
10 165 (3.92%) Visual Studio
11 163 (3.87%) Gradle
12 157 (3.73%) Bitbucket
13 149 (3.54%) TeamCity
14 115 (2.73%) SoapUI
14 115 (2.73%) webpack
15 113 (2.68%) Eclipse
16 112 (2.66%) gulp
17 107 (2.54%) SonarQube
17 107 (2.54%) WebDriver
18 102 (2.42%) IntelliJ
General
1 686 (16.30%) Finance
2 428 (10.17%) Banking
3 161 (3.83%) Retail
4 101 (2.40%) Investment Banking
5 96 (2.28%) Marketing
6 85 (2.02%) Games
7 69 (1.64%) Telecoms
8 57 (1.35%) Front Office
9 47 (1.12%) Manufacturing
10 37 (0.88%) Electronics
11 35 (0.83%) Advertising
12 33 (0.78%) Publishing
13 31 (0.74%) Law
13 31 (0.74%) Legal
14 27 (0.64%) Back Office
15 23 (0.55%) Financial Institution
16 18 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
17 10 (0.24%) French Language
17 10 (0.24%) Retail Banking
18 7 (0.17%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,990 (71.04%) Developer
2 1,175 (27.92%) Java Developer
3 360 (8.55%) Senior Developer
4 345 (8.20%) Architect
5 318 (7.56%) .NET Developer
6 255 (6.06%) Full Stack Developer
7 253 (6.01%) C# Developer
8 229 (5.44%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 211 (5.01%) React Developer
10 203 (4.82%) Senior Java Developer
11 183 (4.35%) Angular Developer
12 171 (4.06%) JavaScript Developer
13 144 (3.42%) C# .NET Developer
14 143 (3.40%) Python Developer
15 132 (3.14%) Software Engineer
16 121 (2.87%) Solutions Architect
17 116 (2.76%) Agile Developer
18 114 (2.71%) Scala Developer
19 109 (2.59%) Consultant
20 108 (2.57%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,269 (30.15%) Web Services
2 1,140 (27.08%) SOAP
3 1,113 (26.44%) HTML
4 1,084 (25.75%) Spring
5 1,006 (23.90%) CSS
6 906 (21.53%) JSON
7 825 (19.60%) AngularJS
8 707 (16.80%) .NET
9 672 (15.97%) Node.js
10 583 (13.85%) HTML5
11 555 (13.19%) XML
12 526 (12.50%) React
13 515 (12.24%) Hibernate
14 491 (11.67%) Spring Boot
15 447 (10.62%) RESTful
16 337 (8.01%) jQuery
17 317 (7.53%) ASP.NET
18 315 (7.48%) J2EE
19 292 (6.94%) JMS
20 287 (6.82%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 299 (7.10%) User Experience
2 293 (6.96%) Greenfield Project
3 187 (4.44%) Fintech
4 178 (4.23%) Mobile App
5 153 (3.64%) Analytical Skills
6 130 (3.09%) Computer Science
7 114 (2.71%) Enterprise Software
8 95 (2.26%) Algorithms
9 92 (2.19%) Self-Motivation
10 91 (2.16%) Linux Command Line
11 64 (1.52%) Data Structures
12 50 (1.19%) Fixed Income
13 46 (1.09%) Data Centre
14 43 (1.02%) Management Information System
15 40 (0.95%) iPad
16 38 (0.90%) Public Cloud
17 36 (0.86%) DataPower
18 31 (0.74%) CMDB
18 31 (0.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 26 (0.62%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 532 (12.64%) Linux
2 355 (8.43%) Unix
3 239 (5.68%) Windows
4 154 (3.66%) Apple iOS
5 134 (3.18%) Android
6 58 (1.38%) VMS
7 51 (1.21%) Windows Server
8 50 (1.19%) Ubuntu
9 42 (1.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 39 (0.93%) Mac OS X
11 21 (0.50%) CentOS
12 11 (0.26%) Solaris
13 10 (0.24%) Mac OS
14 9 (0.21%) AIX
15 7 (0.17%) Windows 7
16 6 (0.14%) Windows 8
17 4 (0.095%) Windows Server 2012
18 3 (0.071%) Debian
18 3 (0.071%) HPUX
19 2 (0.048%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,320 (55.12%) Agile Software Development
2 1,431 (34.00%) TDD
3 1,201 (28.53%) Microservices
4 908 (21.57%) Scrum
5 857 (20.36%) BDD
6 845 (20.08%) Continuous Integration
7 770 (18.29%) Test Automation
8 741 (17.61%) DevOps
9 623 (14.80%) MVC
10 428 (10.17%) Software Engineering
11 381 (9.05%) SOA
12 378 (8.98%) Kanban
13 356 (8.46%) OO
14 343 (8.15%) Front End Development
15 338 (8.03%) Open Source
16 333 (7.91%) Unit Testing
17 295 (7.01%) Problem-Solving
18 294 (6.99%) Web Development
19 267 (6.34%) Continuous Delivery
20 252 (5.99%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,180 (51.79%) Java
2 1,578 (37.49%) JavaScript
3 855 (20.31%) SQL
4 731 (17.37%) C#
5 683 (16.23%) Java 8
6 485 (11.52%) Python
7 259 (6.15%) Scala
8 209 (4.97%) TypeScript
9 207 (4.92%) Ruby
10 193 (4.59%) ES6
11 150 (3.56%) Groovy
12 135 (3.21%) PHP
13 111 (2.64%) Go
14 107 (2.54%) PL/SQL
14 107 (2.54%) PowerShell
15 89 (2.11%) Bash Shell
16 72 (1.71%) C
17 70 (1.66%) Java 9
18 69 (1.64%) C++
19 60 (1.43%) Perl
Qualifications
1 282 (6.70%) Security Cleared
2 221 (5.25%) SC Cleared
3 168 (3.99%) Degree
4 67 (1.59%) BPSS Clearance
5 50 (1.19%) Computer Science Degree
6 42 (1.00%) DV Cleared
7 21 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
8 20 (0.48%) CCNA
8 20 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
9 19 (0.45%) ITIL Certification
10 15 (0.36%) Master's Degree
11 13 (0.31%) CISSP
12 12 (0.29%) ISTQB
12 12 (0.29%) MCSE
13 11 (0.26%) AWS Certification
13 11 (0.26%) ISEB
13 11 (0.26%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 10 (0.24%) DBS Check
15 9 (0.21%) CISM
15 9 (0.21%) OCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 210 (4.99%) QA
2 20 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
3 19 (0.45%) Data Quality
4 17 (0.40%) GDPR
5 14 (0.33%) PSD2
5 14 (0.33%) WCAG
6 8 (0.19%) PMO
7 7 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 6 (0.14%) SLA
9 2 (0.048%) HL7
9 2 (0.048%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.024%) GMP
10 1 (0.024%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.024%) IFRS
10 1 (0.024%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.024%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.024%) OASIS TOSCA
10 1 (0.024%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 793 (18.84%) Docker
2 58 (1.38%) Active Directory
3 33 (0.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (0.62%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 23 (0.55%) HDFS
6 12 (0.29%) vSphere
7 10 (0.24%) vCloud
7 10 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
8 9 (0.21%) Squid
8 9 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
9 8 (0.19%) Postfix
10 7 (0.17%) VMware NSX
11 6 (0.14%) LXC
11 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 6 (0.14%) OpenAM
11 6 (0.14%) oVirt
11 6 (0.14%) RHEV
11 6 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
12 4 (0.095%) OpenDJ
12 4 (0.095%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 336 (7.98%) Kubernetes
2 176 (4.18%) Ansible
3 161 (3.83%) Puppet
4 102 (2.42%) Terraform
5 75 (1.78%) Opscode Chef
6 63 (1.50%) Kibana
7 52 (1.24%) Grafana
8 42 (1.00%) Docker Swarm
9 35 (0.83%) Single Sign-On
10 26 (0.62%) Rancher
11 23 (0.55%) Mesos
12 22 (0.52%) logstash
13 19 (0.45%) Hadoop YARN
14 16 (0.38%) Graphite
15 15 (0.36%) Prometheus
16 13 (0.31%) Salt
17 12 (0.29%) Nagios
17 12 (0.29%) vCenter Server
18 11 (0.26%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
19 10 (0.24%) PowerCLI
Vendors
1 419 (9.95%) Oracle
2 310 (7.37%) Microsoft
3 174 (4.13%) Google
4 124 (2.95%) IBM
5 114 (2.71%) Atlassian
6 101 (2.40%) SAP
7 94 (2.23%) Salesforce.com
8 63 (1.50%) Adobe
8 63 (1.50%) ServiceNow
9 60 (1.43%) MuleSoft
10 54 (1.28%) Splunk
10 54 (1.28%) VMware
11 46 (1.09%) CA
12 30 (0.71%) CyberArk
12 30 (0.71%) webMethods
13 28 (0.67%) Sybase
14 25 (0.59%) Red Hat
15 24 (0.57%) Nintex
16 23 (0.55%) Informatica
17 22 (0.52%) Apple