Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 53 57 68
Rank change year-on-year +4 +11 +31
Contract jobs citing REST 4,469 3,866 3,325
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.24% 3.74% 3.22%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.22% 11.62% 10.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,107 2,729 2,401
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £363 £345 £320
90th Percentile £625 £619 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 36 11
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £31.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +42.86% -18.71%
10th Percentile £35.00 £26.96 £19.23
90th Percentile £62.03 £51.25 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year - +38.46% -13.33%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 36,569 33,279 31,952
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.73% 32.20% 30.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,840 23,509 22,058
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £389
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.96% +3.60%
Number of hourly rates quoted 312 362 366
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £18.63 £17.78 £14.53
90th Percentile £60.00 £51.20 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year +3.83% +3.90% +2.67%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 4,105 £505 +6.32% 987
London +2 2,318 £550 +10.00% 446
UK excluding London +5 2,093 £450 +5.88% 610
South East -3 681 £475 +5.56% 150
North of England +6 354 £440 +1.44% 156
Midlands +37 304 £450 +12.50% 94
South West +13 231 £425 +11.84% 70
West Midlands +35 230 £450 +5.88% 57
Scotland +35 229 £450 +12.50% 33
East of England +6 208 £450 +5.88% 71
Yorkshire +8 169 £450 -1.10% 59
North West -14 147 £425 - 77
Wales +22 77 £425 -16.05% 27
East Midlands +18 68 £413 +13.79% 37
North East +5 38 £470 -1.05% 20
Northern Ireland +25 22 £325 -20.73% 9

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 2,549 (57.04%) Agile Software Development
2 2,364 (52.90%) Java
3 1,574 (35.22%) JavaScript
4 1,523 (34.08%) TDD
5 1,377 (30.81%) Git (software)
6 1,339 (29.96%) Microservices
7 1,288 (28.82%) Web Services
8 1,205 (26.96%) SOAP
9 1,182 (26.45%) Spring
10 1,147 (25.67%) HTML
11 1,050 (23.50%) Jenkins
12 1,027 (22.98%) JSON
13 995 (22.26%) CSS
14 990 (22.15%) Scrum
15 973 (21.77%) BDD
16 903 (20.21%) SQL
17 878 (19.65%) Continuous Integration
18 870 (19.47%) Test Automation
19 865 (19.36%) AngularJS
20 850 (19.02%) Docker
21 840 (18.80%) DevOps
22 786 (17.59%) Amazon AWS
23 785 (17.57%) JIRA
24 742 (16.60%) .NET
25 733 (16.40%) C#
26 716 (16.02%) Java 8
27 712 (15.93%) Finance
28 697 (15.60%) Node.js
29 659 (14.75%) MVC
30 602 (13.47%) Maven

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 569 (12.73%) Confluence
2 214 (4.79%) Elasticsearch
3 157 (3.51%) Apache
4 119 (2.66%) Tomcat
5 108 (2.42%) Mule
6 107 (2.39%) JBoss
7 94 (2.10%) Apache Spark
7 94 (2.10%) CMS
8 86 (1.92%) SharePoint
9 80 (1.79%) WebLogic
10 71 (1.59%) WildFly
11 70 (1.57%) WebSphere
12 69 (1.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 66 (1.48%) MQSeries
14 57 (1.28%) IIS
15 47 (1.05%) Cloud Foundry
16 40 (0.90%) Anypoint
16 40 (0.90%) nginx
17 38 (0.85%) Apache Solr
18 37 (0.83%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 38 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (0.63%) MS Visio
3 18 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 15 (0.34%) Photoshop
5 11 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
6 10 (0.22%) Fireworks
7 4 (0.090%) InfoPath
7 4 (0.090%) Microsoft Office
8 3 (0.067%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.045%) GIMP
9 2 (0.045%) GNU Octave
9 2 (0.045%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.022%) CATIA
10 1 (0.022%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.022%) HipChat
10 1 (0.022%) OmniGraffle
10 1 (0.022%) S-PLUS
10 1 (0.022%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 31 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.22%) Magento
3 8 (0.18%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 8 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
4 7 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
5 6 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
5 6 (0.13%) Markit EDM
5 6 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
6 5 (0.11%) Workday HCM
7 4 (0.090%) Oracle BPM
8 3 (0.067%) Dynamics AX
8 3 (0.067%) Maximo
8 3 (0.067%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.067%) Payment Gateway
8 3 (0.067%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 2 (0.045%) BusinessWorks
9 2 (0.045%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.045%) Oracle Financials
9 2 (0.045%) SAP PM
9 2 (0.045%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 786 (17.59%) Amazon AWS
2 506 (11.32%) Microsoft Azure
3 221 (4.95%) GitHub
4 157 (3.51%) Serverless
5 98 (2.19%) AWS Lambda
6 95 (2.13%) Google Cloud Platform
7 93 (2.08%) PaaS
8 82 (1.83%) SaaS
9 68 (1.52%) Heroku
9 68 (1.52%) npm
9 68 (1.52%) Slack
10 66 (1.48%) OpenShift
11 61 (1.36%) Amazon S3
12 58 (1.30%) Apigee
13 55 (1.23%) Amazon EC2
14 50 (1.12%) Google Analytics
15 43 (0.96%) Office 365
16 35 (0.78%) Azure Functions
17 33 (0.74%) Amazon SQS
18 31 (0.69%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 338 (7.56%) HTTP
2 119 (2.66%) SSL
3 108 (2.42%) TCP/IP
4 68 (1.52%) DNS
5 52 (1.16%) Internet
6 38 (0.85%) Firewall
7 34 (0.76%) FTP
8 33 (0.74%) AMQP
9 32 (0.72%) VPN
10 31 (0.69%) Kerberos
11 30 (0.67%) HTTPS
12 25 (0.56%) SSH
13 18 (0.40%) Bluetooth
14 13 (0.29%) Skype
14 13 (0.29%) X.509
15 10 (0.22%) MPLS
15 10 (0.22%) Unified Communications
16 9 (0.20%) Ethernet
16 9 (0.20%) LAN
17 8 (0.18%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 485 (10.85%) MongoDB
2 476 (10.65%) SQL Server
3 461 (10.32%) NoSQL
4 430 (9.62%) Relational Database
5 363 (8.12%) PostgreSQL
6 266 (5.95%) MySQL
7 209 (4.68%) Big Data
8 174 (3.89%) Apache Cassandra
9 144 (3.22%) Hadoop
9 144 (3.22%) RDBMS
10 105 (2.35%) Oracle Database
11 104 (2.33%) Couchbase
12 98 (2.19%) HBase
13 70 (1.57%) Redis
14 68 (1.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 49 (1.10%) Oracle Database 12c
16 40 (0.90%) DB2
17 39 (0.87%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 36 (0.81%) Cosmos DB
19 32 (0.72%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,377 (30.81%) Git (software)
2 1,050 (23.50%) Jenkins
3 785 (17.57%) JIRA
4 602 (13.47%) Maven
5 484 (10.83%) JUnit
6 421 (9.42%) Selenium
7 348 (7.79%) Cucumber
8 249 (5.57%) Subversion
9 203 (4.54%) Mockito
10 198 (4.43%) Gradle
11 158 (3.54%) TeamCity
12 152 (3.40%) Visual Studio
13 148 (3.31%) Bitbucket
14 146 (3.27%) Eclipse
15 136 (3.04%) gulp
15 136 (3.04%) WebDriver
16 133 (2.98%) SonarQube
17 131 (2.93%) SoapUI
18 129 (2.89%) IntelliJ
19 108 (2.42%) webpack
General
1 712 (15.93%) Finance
2 468 (10.47%) Banking
3 157 (3.51%) Retail
4 100 (2.24%) Marketing
5 95 (2.13%) Investment Banking
6 84 (1.88%) Games
7 61 (1.36%) Telecoms
8 55 (1.23%) Front Office
9 44 (0.98%) Manufacturing
10 41 (0.92%) Publishing
11 38 (0.85%) Law
12 36 (0.81%) Electronics
13 34 (0.76%) Advertising
13 34 (0.76%) Legal
14 32 (0.72%) Back Office
15 24 (0.54%) Financial Institution
16 22 (0.49%) Pharmaceutical
17 16 (0.36%) French Language
18 11 (0.25%) Retail Banking
19 10 (0.22%) German Language
Job Titles
1 3,172 (70.98%) Developer
2 1,260 (28.19%) Java Developer
3 346 (7.74%) Senior Developer
4 345 (7.72%) .NET Developer
5 343 (7.68%) Architect
6 316 (7.07%) Full Stack Developer
7 248 (5.55%) C# Developer
8 226 (5.06%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 223 (4.99%) React Developer
10 192 (4.30%) Angular Developer
11 180 (4.03%) Senior Java Developer
12 166 (3.71%) JavaScript Developer
13 157 (3.51%) Scala Developer
14 147 (3.29%) Agile Developer
15 142 (3.18%) C# .NET Developer
15 142 (3.18%) Lead Developer
16 141 (3.16%) Software Engineer
17 126 (2.82%) AWS Developer
17 126 (2.82%) Tester
18 124 (2.77%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,288 (28.82%) Web Services
2 1,205 (26.96%) SOAP
3 1,182 (26.45%) Spring
4 1,147 (25.67%) HTML
5 1,027 (22.98%) JSON
6 995 (22.26%) CSS
7 865 (19.36%) AngularJS
8 742 (16.60%) .NET
9 697 (15.60%) Node.js
10 600 (13.43%) HTML5
11 570 (12.75%) XML
12 548 (12.26%) React
13 536 (11.99%) Spring Boot
14 504 (11.28%) Hibernate
15 454 (10.16%) RESTful
16 348 (7.79%) jQuery
17 321 (7.18%) ASP.NET
18 315 (7.05%) J2EE
19 314 (7.03%) JMS
20 306 (6.85%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 317 (7.09%) Greenfield Project
2 273 (6.11%) User Experience
3 191 (4.27%) Analytical Skills
4 166 (3.71%) Mobile App
5 149 (3.33%) Fintech
6 116 (2.60%) Enterprise Software
7 115 (2.57%) Linux Command Line
8 109 (2.44%) Algorithms
9 95 (2.13%) Self-Motivation
10 79 (1.77%) Data Structures
11 48 (1.07%) Management Information System
12 47 (1.05%) Data Centre
13 43 (0.96%) Fixed Income
13 43 (0.96%) Public Cloud
14 39 (0.87%) DataPower
15 38 (0.85%) Virtual Team
16 36 (0.81%) iPad
17 33 (0.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 32 (0.72%) Clustering
19 26 (0.58%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 569 (12.73%) Linux
2 375 (8.39%) Unix
3 245 (5.48%) Windows
4 154 (3.45%) Apple iOS
5 144 (3.22%) Android
6 67 (1.50%) VMS
7 60 (1.34%) Ubuntu
8 59 (1.32%) Windows Server
9 45 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 44 (0.98%) Mac OS X
11 14 (0.31%) CentOS
12 12 (0.27%) Mac OS
13 11 (0.25%) Solaris
14 10 (0.22%) AIX
15 7 (0.16%) Windows 7
15 7 (0.16%) Windows 8
16 4 (0.090%) Windows Server 2012
17 3 (0.067%) HPUX
18 1 (0.022%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,549 (57.04%) Agile Software Development
2 1,523 (34.08%) TDD
3 1,339 (29.96%) Microservices
4 990 (22.15%) Scrum
5 973 (21.77%) BDD
6 878 (19.65%) Continuous Integration
7 870 (19.47%) Test Automation
8 840 (18.80%) DevOps
9 659 (14.75%) MVC
10 430 (9.62%) Software Engineering
11 405 (9.06%) Kanban
12 386 (8.64%) Unit Testing
13 374 (8.37%) OO
14 364 (8.14%) SOA
15 360 (8.06%) Open Source
16 322 (7.21%) Front End Development
17 306 (6.85%) Problem-Solving
18 291 (6.51%) Pair Programming
19 281 (6.29%) Web Development
20 275 (6.15%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,364 (52.90%) Java
2 1,574 (35.22%) JavaScript
3 903 (20.21%) SQL
4 733 (16.40%) C#
5 716 (16.02%) Java 8
6 410 (9.17%) Python
7 305 (6.82%) Scala
8 212 (4.74%) Ruby
8 212 (4.74%) TypeScript
9 177 (3.96%) ES6
10 160 (3.58%) Groovy
11 130 (2.91%) Go
12 116 (2.60%) PL/SQL
13 113 (2.53%) PHP
14 92 (2.06%) Bash Shell
15 82 (1.83%) Java 9
16 79 (1.77%) PowerShell
17 73 (1.63%) Perl
18 68 (1.52%) JPQL
19 64 (1.43%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 308 (6.89%) Security Cleared
2 242 (5.42%) SC Cleared
3 207 (4.63%) Degree
4 82 (1.83%) BPSS Clearance
5 60 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
6 38 (0.85%) DV Cleared
7 26 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
8 22 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
9 19 (0.43%) Master's Degree
10 16 (0.36%) CCNA
10 16 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
11 14 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
12 13 (0.29%) MCSE
13 11 (0.25%) ISEB
13 11 (0.25%) ISTQB
14 10 (0.22%) AWS Certification
14 10 (0.22%) MCSA
14 10 (0.22%) OCA
14 10 (0.22%) Oracle Certification
14 10 (0.22%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 245 (5.48%) QA
2 25 (0.56%) WCAG
3 21 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
4 11 (0.25%) GDPR
4 11 (0.25%) PSD2
5 9 (0.20%) Data Quality
6 7 (0.16%) PMO
6 7 (0.16%) SEPA
7 5 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.090%) TARGET2
9 3 (0.067%) Dodd-Frank
9 3 (0.067%) EMIR
9 3 (0.067%) HL7
9 3 (0.067%) MiFID
9 3 (0.067%) SLA
10 2 (0.045%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.022%) GMP
11 1 (0.022%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.022%) SNOMED CT
11 1 (0.022%) Solvency II
System Software
1 850 (19.02%) Docker
2 60 (1.34%) Active Directory
3 40 (0.90%) HDFS
4 39 (0.87%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 26 (0.58%) VMware Infrastructure
6 14 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
7 11 (0.25%) vSphere
8 10 (0.22%) OpenAM
8 10 (0.22%) vCloud
9 8 (0.18%) Postfix
9 8 (0.18%) Squid
10 6 (0.13%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 6 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
10 6 (0.13%) VMware NSX
11 5 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
12 4 (0.090%) OpenDJ
12 4 (0.090%) oVirt
12 4 (0.090%) RHEV
12 4 (0.090%) VirtualBox
13 3 (0.067%) LXC
Systems Management
1 369 (8.26%) Kubernetes
2 190 (4.25%) Ansible
3 151 (3.38%) Puppet
4 116 (2.60%) Terraform
5 95 (2.13%) Kibana
6 65 (1.45%) Grafana
7 55 (1.23%) Opscode Chef
8 43 (0.96%) Docker Swarm
9 40 (0.90%) Single Sign-On
10 39 (0.87%) logstash
11 34 (0.76%) Hadoop YARN
12 24 (0.54%) Nessus
13 22 (0.49%) Rancher
14 20 (0.45%) Graphite
15 15 (0.34%) Prometheus
16 14 (0.31%) HP ALM
16 14 (0.31%) Mesos
16 14 (0.31%) vCenter Server
17 13 (0.29%) Nagios
17 13 (0.29%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 389 (8.70%) Oracle
2 344 (7.70%) Microsoft
3 234 (5.24%) Google
4 117 (2.62%) IBM
5 112 (2.51%) Atlassian
6 100 (2.24%) MuleSoft
7 97 (2.17%) SAP
8 96 (2.15%) Salesforce.com
9 72 (1.61%) Adobe
10 66 (1.48%) Splunk
11 61 (1.36%) ServiceNow
12 52 (1.16%) VMware
13 41 (0.92%) WSO2
14 37 (0.83%) CA
14 37 (0.83%) webMethods
15 29 (0.65%) Informatica
16 27 (0.60%) Red Hat
17 26 (0.58%) HP
18 24 (0.54%) CyberArk
18 24 (0.54%) Sybase