Period
to 26 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 26 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
26 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 52 55 67
Rank change year-on-year +3 +12 +15
Contract jobs citing REST 4,068 3,845 3,026
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.21% 3.80% 3.27%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.75% 11.77% 10.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,766 2,724 2,167
UK median daily rate £500 £480 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £363 £350 £319
90th Percentile £625 £600 £594
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 36 9
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -10.00% +26.98%
10th Percentile £35.00 £21.25 £39.30
90th Percentile £55.30 £52.50 £80.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year +11.11% -10.00% +26.98%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,912 32,668 29,105
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.04% 32.26% 31.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,526 23,111 20,125
UK median daily rate £488 £470 £433
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.72% +8.67% +2.98%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £410 £400
% change year-on-year +6.10% +2.50% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 301 341 333
UK median hourly rate £41.40 £41.50 £40.26
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.24% +3.08% +3.90%
10th Percentile £18.00 £19.00 £15.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £57.50 £52.43
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.85 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -1.54% +6.25% +3.23%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 26 March 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 26 March 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 26 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 3,757 £500 +2.56% 319
London +10 2,140 £541 +5.56% 159
UK excluding London -2 1,857 £450 +2.86% 173
South East -20 534 £475 - 35
North of England +2 403 £450 +5.88% 58
Midlands +47 257 £450 +13.64% 22
South West +5 256 £469 +17.19% 22
West Midlands +47 204 £450 +12.50% 12
North West +4 197 £432 +8.00% 29
Scotland +25 163 £428 +0.59% 9
Yorkshire +2 155 £464 +3.06% 25
East of England +2 141 £435 -3.33% 23
Wales +7 95 £478 +6.11% 4
North East +4 51 £460 -3.16% 4
East Midlands +4 48 £460 +22.67% 10
Northern Ireland -7 15 £325 -29.35%

For the 6 months to 26 March 2019, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 2,416 (59.39%) Agile Software Development
2 2,053 (50.47%) Java
3 1,388 (34.12%) JavaScript
4 1,288 (31.66%) TDD
5 1,220 (29.99%) Microservices
6 1,218 (29.94%) Git (software)
7 1,216 (29.89%) SOAP
8 1,128 (27.73%) Web Services
9 1,062 (26.11%) HTML
10 998 (24.53%) JSON
11 994 (24.43%) Spring
12 949 (23.33%) Jenkins
13 936 (23.01%) Scrum
14 875 (21.51%) CSS
15 830 (20.40%) BDD
16 818 (20.11%) SQL
17 782 (19.22%) DevOps
18 763 (18.76%) Test Automation
19 759 (18.66%) .NET
20 747 (18.36%) Amazon AWS
21 732 (17.99%) Continuous Integration
22 717 (17.63%) C#
23 714 (17.55%) Finance
24 713 (17.53%) Docker
25 710 (17.45%) AngularJS
26 640 (15.73%) JIRA
27 601 (14.77%) XML
28 591 (14.53%) Node.js
29 570 (14.01%) Linux
30 562 (13.82%) Java 8

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 472 (11.60%) Confluence
2 172 (4.23%) Elasticsearch
3 160 (3.93%) Apache
4 131 (3.22%) Tomcat
5 111 (2.73%) Mule
6 104 (2.56%) JBoss
7 88 (2.16%) CMS
8 78 (1.92%) SharePoint
9 65 (1.60%) WebSphere
10 62 (1.52%) Apache Spark
11 61 (1.50%) Anypoint
12 53 (1.30%) WebLogic
13 50 (1.23%) Cloud Foundry
14 42 (1.03%) nginx
15 40 (0.98%) IIS
16 39 (0.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 38 (0.93%) Mule ESB
18 32 (0.79%) Documentum
18 32 (0.79%) MQSeries
19 27 (0.66%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 38 (0.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (0.37%) MS Visio
3 9 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.049%) Adobe Illustrator
4 2 (0.049%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.049%) OmniGraffle
4 2 (0.049%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.025%) CATIA
5 1 (0.025%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.025%) S-PLUS
5 1 (0.025%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 36 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.25%) Magento
3 9 (0.22%) Workday HCM
4 6 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
4 6 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
4 6 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
5 4 (0.098%) Adobe Campaign
5 4 (0.098%) NetSuite
6 3 (0.074%) SDL Web 8
7 2 (0.049%) BusinessWare
7 2 (0.049%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.049%) Dynamics NAV
7 2 (0.049%) Orchard Housing
7 2 (0.049%) R3 Corda
7 2 (0.049%) Remedy ITSM
7 2 (0.049%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.049%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.049%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.025%) Siebel CRM
8 1 (0.025%) Social Studio
Cloud Services
1 747 (18.36%) Amazon AWS
2 511 (12.56%) Microsoft Azure
3 245 (6.02%) GitHub
4 131 (3.22%) Google Cloud Platform
5 126 (3.10%) PaaS
6 123 (3.02%) Serverless
7 99 (2.43%) SaaS
8 74 (1.82%) Amazon EC2
9 71 (1.75%) Amazon S3
10 64 (1.57%) Amazon SQS
10 64 (1.57%) AWS Lambda
10 64 (1.57%) Slack
11 59 (1.45%) AWS CloudFormation
12 53 (1.30%) Heroku
13 51 (1.25%) OpenShift
14 47 (1.16%) Google Analytics
15 45 (1.11%) Office 365
16 39 (0.96%) npm
17 38 (0.93%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 35 (0.86%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 289 (7.10%) HTTP
2 104 (2.56%) SSL
3 72 (1.77%) TCP/IP
4 36 (0.88%) DNS
5 33 (0.81%) Firewall
6 29 (0.71%) FTP
6 29 (0.71%) Internet
7 23 (0.57%) VPN
8 22 (0.54%) Kerberos
9 21 (0.52%) AMQP
10 18 (0.44%) LAN
11 16 (0.39%) Bluetooth
11 16 (0.39%) WAN
12 13 (0.32%) HTTPS
12 13 (0.32%) Reverse Proxy
13 8 (0.20%) Unified Communications
14 7 (0.17%) DSL
14 7 (0.17%) NFC
14 7 (0.17%) Skype
14 7 (0.17%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 445 (10.94%) SQL Server
2 381 (9.37%) MongoDB
3 356 (8.75%) Relational Database
4 349 (8.58%) NoSQL
5 255 (6.27%) PostgreSQL
6 192 (4.72%) MySQL
7 159 (3.91%) Big Data
8 139 (3.42%) Apache Cassandra
9 113 (2.78%) Hadoop
10 87 (2.14%) Amazon RDS
11 85 (2.09%) HBase
12 72 (1.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 71 (1.75%) RDBMS
14 68 (1.67%) Redis
15 63 (1.55%) Neo4j
16 62 (1.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 45 (1.11%) Oracle Database
17 45 (1.11%) Parquet
18 43 (1.06%) Couchbase
19 41 (1.01%) DB2
Development Applications
1 1,218 (29.94%) Git (software)
2 949 (23.33%) Jenkins
3 640 (15.73%) JIRA
4 455 (11.18%) Maven
5 349 (8.58%) JUnit
6 344 (8.46%) Cucumber
7 343 (8.43%) Selenium
8 237 (5.83%) Subversion
9 160 (3.93%) Mockito
10 157 (3.86%) Gradle
11 151 (3.71%) Visual Studio
12 150 (3.69%) Eclipse
13 126 (3.10%) Bitbucket
14 125 (3.07%) TeamCity
15 115 (2.83%) WebDriver
16 112 (2.75%) Visual Studio Team System
17 111 (2.73%) gulp
18 110 (2.70%) SonarQube
19 94 (2.31%) SoapUI
20 92 (2.26%) IntelliJ
General
1 714 (17.55%) Finance
2 411 (10.10%) Banking
3 103 (2.53%) Retail
4 88 (2.16%) Marketing
5 66 (1.62%) Investment Banking
6 62 (1.52%) Front Office
7 50 (1.23%) Law
8 46 (1.13%) Publishing
8 46 (1.13%) Telecoms
9 41 (1.01%) Manufacturing
10 40 (0.98%) Legal
11 39 (0.96%) Games
12 31 (0.76%) Electronics
13 30 (0.74%) Advertising
13 30 (0.74%) Back Office
13 30 (0.74%) Financial Institution
14 21 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
15 20 (0.49%) German Language
16 18 (0.44%) French Language
17 16 (0.39%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,880 (70.80%) Developer
2 1,013 (24.90%) Java Developer
3 326 (8.01%) .NET Developer
4 323 (7.94%) Architect
5 308 (7.57%) Senior Developer
6 291 (7.15%) Full Stack Developer
7 204 (5.01%) C# Developer
8 188 (4.62%) React Developer
9 166 (4.08%) Scala Developer
10 156 (3.83%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 147 (3.61%) Agile Developer
12 146 (3.59%) JavaScript Developer
13 129 (3.17%) Angular Developer
14 128 (3.15%) Senior Java Developer
15 127 (3.12%) AWS Developer
15 127 (3.12%) C# .NET Developer
16 121 (2.97%) Software Engineer
17 117 (2.88%) Tester
18 116 (2.85%) Lead Developer
19 99 (2.43%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,216 (29.89%) SOAP
2 1,128 (27.73%) Web Services
3 1,062 (26.11%) HTML
4 998 (24.53%) JSON
5 994 (24.43%) Spring
6 875 (21.51%) CSS
7 759 (18.66%) .NET
8 710 (17.45%) AngularJS
9 601 (14.77%) XML
10 591 (14.53%) Node.js
11 518 (12.73%) HTML5
12 440 (10.82%) Spring Boot
13 418 (10.28%) React
14 393 (9.66%) RESTful
15 318 (7.82%) Hibernate
16 308 (7.57%) jQuery
17 302 (7.42%) Kafka
18 293 (7.20%) ASP.NET
19 267 (6.56%) CSS3
20 259 (6.37%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 242 (5.95%) Greenfield Project
2 240 (5.90%) User Experience
3 208 (5.11%) Analytical Skills
4 187 (4.60%) Mobile App
5 120 (2.95%) Data Structures
6 119 (2.93%) Enterprise Software
7 112 (2.75%) Algorithms
8 92 (2.26%) Fintech
9 77 (1.89%) Linux Command Line
10 68 (1.67%) Data Centre
10 68 (1.67%) Self-Motivation
11 53 (1.30%) Virtual Team
12 39 (0.96%) Hedge funds
13 37 (0.91%) DataPower
14 35 (0.86%) Public Cloud
15 34 (0.84%) Management Information System
16 33 (0.81%) iPad
17 29 (0.71%) N-Tier
18 27 (0.66%) Fixed Income
18 27 (0.66%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 570 (14.01%) Linux
2 311 (7.65%) Unix
3 230 (5.65%) Windows
4 186 (4.57%) Android
5 167 (4.11%) Apple iOS
6 56 (1.38%) Mac OS X
7 40 (0.98%) Ubuntu
7 40 (0.98%) Windows Server
8 38 (0.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 23 (0.57%) VMS
10 12 (0.29%) Mac OS
11 11 (0.27%) CentOS
12 8 (0.20%) Fedora
13 6 (0.15%) Solaris
14 4 (0.098%) Windows 7
14 4 (0.098%) Windows 8
15 2 (0.049%) Windows Server 2012
16 1 (0.025%) AIX
16 1 (0.025%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,416 (59.39%) Agile Software Development
2 1,288 (31.66%) TDD
3 1,220 (29.99%) Microservices
4 936 (23.01%) Scrum
5 830 (20.40%) BDD
6 782 (19.22%) DevOps
7 763 (18.76%) Test Automation
8 732 (17.99%) Continuous Integration
9 547 (13.45%) MVC
10 373 (9.17%) Kanban
11 366 (9.00%) Software Engineering
12 350 (8.60%) Unit Testing
13 341 (8.38%) Open Source
14 312 (7.67%) OO
15 311 (7.65%) Problem-Solving
16 291 (7.15%) Web Development
17 269 (6.61%) SOA
18 248 (6.10%) Continuous Delivery
19 236 (5.80%) Pair Programming
20 234 (5.75%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,053 (50.47%) Java
2 1,388 (34.12%) JavaScript
3 818 (20.11%) SQL
4 717 (17.63%) C#
5 562 (13.82%) Java 8
6 411 (10.10%) Python
7 269 (6.61%) Scala
8 179 (4.40%) TypeScript
9 158 (3.88%) Ruby
10 121 (2.97%) Bash Shell
11 120 (2.95%) ES6
12 111 (2.73%) PHP
13 107 (2.63%) Go
14 106 (2.61%) Groovy
15 85 (2.09%) Apple Swift
16 84 (2.06%) PL/SQL
17 80 (1.97%) PowerShell
18 71 (1.75%) Shell Script
19 63 (1.55%) Perl
20 58 (1.43%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 311 (7.65%) Security Cleared
2 244 (6.00%) SC Cleared
3 228 (5.60%) Degree
4 78 (1.92%) BPSS Clearance
5 76 (1.87%) Computer Science Degree
6 57 (1.40%) DV Cleared
7 34 (0.84%) Master's Degree
8 28 (0.69%) Numerate Degree
9 20 (0.49%) CTC Cleared
9 20 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
10 19 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
11 15 (0.37%) ISTQB
12 13 (0.32%) CCNA
12 13 (0.32%) MCSE
13 11 (0.27%) ISEB
13 11 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
14 10 (0.25%) MCSA
14 10 (0.25%) OCA
14 10 (0.25%) Oracle Certification
14 10 (0.25%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 240 (5.90%) QA
2 41 (1.01%) Data Quality
3 23 (0.57%) WCAG
4 22 (0.54%) GDPR
5 17 (0.42%) SEPA
6 12 (0.29%) PSD2
7 8 (0.20%) GxP
8 6 (0.15%) MiFID
9 5 (0.12%) HL7
9 5 (0.12%) PMO
10 4 (0.098%) Disclosure Scotland
10 4 (0.098%) Dodd-Frank
10 4 (0.098%) EMIR
10 4 (0.098%) FATCA
10 4 (0.098%) SLA
10 4 (0.098%) Solvency II
10 4 (0.098%) TARGET2
11 2 (0.049%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 2 (0.049%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 2 (0.049%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 713 (17.53%) Docker
2 52 (1.28%) HDFS
3 42 (1.03%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 35 (0.86%) Active Directory
5 28 (0.69%) VMware Infrastructure
6 12 (0.29%) vSphere
7 6 (0.15%) OpenAM
7 6 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
8 5 (0.12%) Apache Flume
8 5 (0.12%) KVM
9 3 (0.074%) iptables
10 2 (0.049%) Hyper-V
10 2 (0.049%) NFS
10 2 (0.049%) Postfix
11 1 (0.025%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 330 (8.11%) Kubernetes
2 169 (4.15%) Ansible
3 120 (2.95%) Puppet
4 92 (2.26%) Terraform
5 84 (2.06%) Kibana
6 70 (1.72%) Grafana
7 58 (1.43%) Single Sign-On
8 50 (1.23%) Opscode Chef
9 35 (0.86%) logstash
10 34 (0.84%) Hadoop YARN
11 27 (0.66%) Docker Swarm
12 24 (0.59%) Nessus
13 22 (0.54%) Prometheus
14 19 (0.47%) HP Quality Center
15 15 (0.37%) CloudHub
15 15 (0.37%) PowerCLI
16 14 (0.34%) Graphite
17 13 (0.32%) HP ALM
18 11 (0.27%) vCenter Server
19 10 (0.25%) Rancher
Vendors
1 346 (8.51%) Oracle
2 306 (7.52%) Microsoft
3 232 (5.70%) Google
4 131 (3.22%) MuleSoft
5 104 (2.56%) Atlassian
6 99 (2.43%) IBM
7 97 (2.38%) Salesforce.com
8 75 (1.84%) SAP
9 73 (1.79%) Splunk
10 62 (1.52%) ServiceNow
11 48 (1.18%) WSO2
12 42 (1.03%) Adobe
12 42 (1.03%) VMware
13 36 (0.88%) HP
13 36 (0.88%) Red Hat
14 29 (0.71%) webMethods
15 27 (0.66%) hybris
15 27 (0.66%) Pega
16 26 (0.64%) Informatica
17 25 (0.61%) Xamarin