Period
to 23 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 23 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
23 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 56 68 84
Rank change year-on-year +12 +16 +48
Contract jobs citing REST 3,716 3,150 2,700
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.66% 3.28% 2.50%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.49% 10.40% 8.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,646 2,271 1,993
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £333 £319 £308
90th Percentile £613 £588 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £436 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +2.65% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 10 32
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.50 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.10% +17.42% +20.16%
10th Percentile £21.25 £22.16 £35.05
90th Percentile £51.25 £67.19 £57.73
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £37.50 £38.75
% change year-on-year +20.00% -3.23% +20.16%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,345 30,282 31,317
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.89% 31.55% 28.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,020 20,984 21,682
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 339 344 546
UK median hourly rate £40.31 £40.00 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.76% +3.90% +10.00%
10th Percentile £19.80 £15.58 £16.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.17 £56.77
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £39.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year +7.69% +0.65% +10.71%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 23 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 23 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 23 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 3,452 £483 +7.22% 1,003
London -4 1,936 £513 +7.89% 473
UK excluding London +18 1,725 £436 +2.65% 588
South East +37 689 £475 +11.76% 164
North of England -3 325 £425 - 136
East of England +11 166 £450 +12.50% 73
South West +7 166 £400 +14.29% 87
Midlands -21 159 £400 -5.88% 70
North West +8 154 £400 - 82
Yorkshire -11 143 £438 -2.78% 44
Scotland -2 111 £400 - 35
West Midlands -4 97 £423 -3.86% 43
Wales -9 67 £500 +5.26% 18
East Midlands -6 62 £384 +9.49% 27
Northern Ireland +29 45 £433 - 5
North East +5 35 £475 +8.57% 10

For the 6 months to 23 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 2,142 (57.64%) Java
2 2,108 (56.73%) Agile Software Development
3 1,385 (37.27%) JavaScript
4 1,301 (35.01%) Web Services
5 1,273 (34.26%) TDD
6 1,145 (30.81%) SOAP
7 1,076 (28.96%) Git (software)
8 986 (26.53%) Spring
9 982 (26.43%) HTML
10 885 (23.82%) Microservices
11 879 (23.65%) JSON
12 848 (22.82%) SQL
12 848 (22.82%) CSS
13 840 (22.60%) Jenkins
14 798 (21.47%) Continuous Integration
15 788 (21.21%) Scrum
16 768 (20.67%) Test Automation
17 700 (18.84%) BDD
18 685 (18.43%) XML
19 669 (18.00%) AngularJS
20 636 (17.12%) Finance
21 633 (17.03%) MVC
22 626 (16.85%) .NET
23 618 (16.63%) Amazon AWS
24 610 (16.42%) Linux
25 605 (16.28%) C#
26 601 (16.17%) JIRA
26 601 (16.17%) Node.js
27 526 (14.16%) HTML5
28 499 (13.43%) Hibernate

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 366 (9.85%) Confluence
2 232 (6.24%) Apache
3 178 (4.79%) Tomcat
4 158 (4.25%) JBoss
5 156 (4.20%) Elasticsearch
6 107 (2.88%) WebSphere
7 94 (2.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 89 (2.40%) Apache Spark
9 77 (2.07%) WebLogic
10 74 (1.99%) WildFly
11 71 (1.91%) CMS
12 69 (1.86%) Apache Solr
13 56 (1.51%) Cloud Foundry
13 56 (1.51%) SharePoint
14 41 (1.10%) Mule
15 37 (1.00%) IIS
15 37 (1.00%) MQSeries
16 35 (0.94%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 30 (0.81%) WebSphere Application Server
18 26 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 34 (0.91%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (0.62%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (0.48%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.30%) Photoshop
5 8 (0.22%) Chatbot
5 8 (0.22%) InfoPath
6 5 (0.13%) HipChat
6 5 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.081%) Adobe Illustrator
7 3 (0.081%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.054%) GIMP
9 1 (0.027%) Fireworks
9 1 (0.027%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.027%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 35 (0.94%) Oracle BPM
2 19 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
3 15 (0.40%) Payment Gateway
4 12 (0.32%) Magento
5 10 (0.27%) Elite 3E
6 7 (0.19%) BusinessWorks
6 7 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
6 7 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 5 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
8 4 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
9 3 (0.081%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 2 (0.054%) Cognos Business Intelligence
10 2 (0.054%) Cognos TM1
10 2 (0.054%) Dynamics AX
10 2 (0.054%) Maximo
10 2 (0.054%) NetSuite
10 2 (0.054%) Oracle Applications
10 2 (0.054%) Oracle ERP
11 1 (0.027%) Oracle Retail
11 1 (0.027%) Revive Adserver
Cloud Services
1 618 (16.63%) Amazon AWS
2 291 (7.83%) Microsoft Azure
3 198 (5.33%) GitHub
4 112 (3.01%) PaaS
5 90 (2.42%) Slack
6 87 (2.34%) SaaS
7 70 (1.88%) IaaS
8 62 (1.67%) Amazon EC2
9 55 (1.48%) npm
10 54 (1.45%) Serverless
11 53 (1.43%) Amazon S3
12 46 (1.24%) Google Cloud Platform
13 43 (1.16%) Heroku
14 41 (1.10%) AWS Lambda
15 32 (0.86%) Cloud Computing
15 32 (0.86%) Google Analytics
16 30 (0.81%) OpenShift
17 23 (0.62%) Boomi
18 21 (0.57%) Office 365
19 20 (0.54%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 289 (7.78%) HTTP
2 109 (2.93%) TCP/IP
3 80 (2.15%) Internet
4 78 (2.10%) SSL
5 38 (1.02%) DNS
6 33 (0.89%) Kerberos
7 27 (0.73%) Firewall
8 26 (0.70%) SMS
9 23 (0.62%) FTP
10 20 (0.54%) Bluetooth
11 18 (0.48%) MQTT
11 18 (0.48%) Wi-Fi
12 16 (0.43%) HTTPS
13 13 (0.35%) SSH
14 12 (0.32%) SNMP
15 11 (0.30%) Intranet
15 11 (0.30%) OpenLDAP
16 10 (0.27%) OpenVPN
17 9 (0.24%) LAN
17 9 (0.24%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 448 (12.06%) NoSQL
2 444 (11.95%) Relational Database
3 404 (10.87%) MongoDB
4 393 (10.58%) SQL Server
5 335 (9.02%) PostgreSQL
6 316 (8.50%) MySQL
7 189 (5.09%) RDBMS
8 170 (4.57%) Big Data
9 153 (4.12%) Hadoop
10 147 (3.96%) Apache Cassandra
11 94 (2.53%) HBase
12 71 (1.91%) Neo4j
12 71 (1.91%) Redis
13 67 (1.80%) Oracle Database
14 40 (1.08%) DB2
15 30 (0.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 30 (0.81%) SQL Server 2008
16 29 (0.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 27 (0.73%) Parquet
17 27 (0.73%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 1,076 (28.96%) Git (software)
2 840 (22.60%) Jenkins
3 601 (16.17%) JIRA
4 492 (13.24%) Maven
5 461 (12.41%) JUnit
6 303 (8.15%) Cucumber
7 272 (7.32%) Selenium
8 211 (5.68%) TeamCity
9 207 (5.57%) Gradle
10 204 (5.49%) Mockito
11 180 (4.84%) Subversion
12 162 (4.36%) Eclipse
13 133 (3.58%) SonarQube
14 118 (3.18%) Visual Studio
15 108 (2.91%) Ant
16 104 (2.80%) IntelliJ
17 100 (2.69%) Bitbucket
18 93 (2.50%) Team Foundation Server
19 92 (2.48%) Jasmine
20 87 (2.34%) Liquibase
General
1 636 (17.12%) Finance
2 365 (9.82%) Banking
3 95 (2.56%) Retail
4 81 (2.18%) Telecoms
5 79 (2.13%) Games
6 76 (2.05%) Marketing
7 68 (1.83%) Investment Banking
8 48 (1.29%) Manufacturing
9 41 (1.10%) Law
10 33 (0.89%) Advertising
10 33 (0.89%) Financial Institution
11 30 (0.81%) Legal
12 29 (0.78%) Electronics
13 28 (0.75%) Publishing
14 27 (0.73%) Front Office
15 23 (0.62%) Automotive
16 22 (0.59%) Retail Banking
17 16 (0.43%) Back Office
18 15 (0.40%) Billing
19 9 (0.24%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 2,551 (68.65%) Developer
2 1,165 (31.35%) Java Developer
3 351 (9.45%) Senior Developer
4 339 (9.12%) Architect
5 226 (6.08%) .NET Developer
6 194 (5.22%) Senior Java Developer
7 185 (4.98%) JavaScript Developer
8 176 (4.74%) Agile Developer
9 158 (4.25%) Full Stack Developer
10 156 (4.20%) C# Developer
11 143 (3.85%) Software Engineer
12 128 (3.44%) Java Engineer
13 124 (3.34%) Solutions Architect
14 117 (3.15%) React Developer
15 116 (3.12%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 115 (3.09%) Tester
17 112 (3.01%) Agile Java Developer
17 112 (3.01%) Analyst
18 110 (2.96%) Scala Developer
19 98 (2.64%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,301 (35.01%) Web Services
2 1,145 (30.81%) SOAP
3 986 (26.53%) Spring
4 982 (26.43%) HTML
5 879 (23.65%) JSON
6 848 (22.82%) CSS
7 685 (18.43%) XML
8 669 (18.00%) AngularJS
9 626 (16.85%) .NET
10 601 (16.17%) Node.js
11 526 (14.16%) HTML5
12 499 (13.43%) Hibernate
13 417 (11.22%) RESTful
14 392 (10.55%) React
15 345 (9.28%) Spring Boot
16 288 (7.75%) CSS3
17 281 (7.56%) JMS
18 273 (7.35%) jQuery
19 266 (7.16%) Java EE
20 236 (6.35%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 261 (7.02%) User Experience
2 179 (4.82%) Greenfield Project
3 170 (4.57%) Mobile App
4 116 (3.12%) Computer Science
5 114 (3.07%) Linux Command Line
6 108 (2.91%) Analytical Skills
7 90 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
8 81 (2.18%) Algorithms
9 76 (2.05%) Data Structures
10 74 (1.99%) Fintech
11 51 (1.37%) Virtual Team
12 40 (1.08%) iPad
12 40 (1.08%) N-Tier
13 38 (1.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 33 (0.89%) Equities
15 28 (0.75%) Public Cloud
16 27 (0.73%) Mainframe
16 27 (0.73%) Management Information System
17 24 (0.65%) Video on Demand
18 22 (0.59%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 610 (16.42%) Linux
2 371 (9.98%) Unix
3 220 (5.92%) Windows
4 177 (4.76%) Android
5 131 (3.53%) Apple iOS
6 108 (2.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 70 (1.88%) VMS
8 48 (1.29%) Mac OS X
9 37 (1.00%) Windows Server
10 26 (0.70%) CentOS
11 20 (0.54%) Ubuntu
11 20 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
12 19 (0.51%) HPUX
13 17 (0.46%) Solaris
14 15 (0.40%) Windows 8
15 12 (0.32%) Windows 7
16 7 (0.19%) Windows 10
16 7 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
17 5 (0.13%) Windows Server 2003
17 5 (0.13%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,108 (56.73%) Agile Software Development
2 1,273 (34.26%) TDD
3 885 (23.82%) Microservices
4 798 (21.47%) Continuous Integration
5 788 (21.21%) Scrum
6 768 (20.67%) Test Automation
7 700 (18.84%) BDD
8 633 (17.03%) MVC
9 475 (12.78%) DevOps
10 407 (10.95%) OO
11 363 (9.77%) Software Engineering
12 348 (9.36%) SOA
13 342 (9.20%) Unit Testing
14 337 (9.07%) Open Source
15 326 (8.77%) Kanban
16 277 (7.45%) Web Development
17 269 (7.24%) E-Commerce
18 244 (6.57%) SDLC
19 216 (5.81%) Continuous Delivery
20 197 (5.30%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 2,142 (57.64%) Java
2 1,385 (37.27%) JavaScript
3 848 (22.82%) SQL
4 605 (16.28%) C#
5 366 (9.85%) Python
6 285 (7.67%) Scala
7 159 (4.28%) Groovy
8 152 (4.09%) Ruby
9 125 (3.36%) PHP
10 119 (3.20%) ES6
11 114 (3.07%) TypeScript
12 105 (2.83%) PowerShell
12 105 (2.83%) XPath
13 82 (2.21%) Shell Script
14 80 (2.15%) PL/SQL
15 79 (2.13%) Bash Shell
15 79 (2.13%) T-SQL
16 70 (1.88%) JPQL
17 61 (1.64%) Go
18 53 (1.43%) C++
Qualifications
1 258 (6.94%) Security Cleared
2 201 (5.41%) Degree
3 195 (5.25%) SC Cleared
4 57 (1.53%) Computer Science Degree
5 47 (1.26%) BPSS Clearance
6 27 (0.73%) Master's Degree
7 20 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
8 14 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
9 13 (0.35%) DBS Check
10 9 (0.24%) ISTQB
11 6 (0.16%) MCSD
12 5 (0.13%) BC Cleared
12 5 (0.13%) DV Cleared
12 5 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
13 4 (0.11%) OCP
13 4 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
13 4 (0.11%) PMP
14 3 (0.081%) HNC
14 3 (0.081%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 244 (6.57%) QA
2 30 (0.81%) PCI DSS
3 22 (0.59%) GDPR
4 18 (0.48%) WCAG
5 15 (0.40%) GCP
5 15 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 13 (0.35%) Data Quality
6 13 (0.35%) SLA
7 12 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
8 11 (0.30%) PSD2
9 9 (0.24%) ISO 9001
10 8 (0.22%) MiFID
11 2 (0.054%) COBIT
11 2 (0.054%) PMO
12 1 (0.027%) ISO 20022
12 1 (0.027%) NIST 800
12 1 (0.027%) SEPA
12 1 (0.027%) UCITS
12 1 (0.027%) WAI
System Software
1 499 (13.43%) Docker
2 95 (2.56%) Active Directory
3 51 (1.37%) HDFS
4 41 (1.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 33 (0.89%) VMware Infrastructure
6 26 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
7 13 (0.35%) Firmware
8 12 (0.32%) vCloud
8 12 (0.32%) vSphere
9 10 (0.27%) Postfix
9 10 (0.27%) Squid
10 6 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
10 6 (0.16%) oVirt
10 6 (0.16%) RHEV
11 5 (0.13%) Varnish
11 5 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
12 4 (0.11%) Hyper-V
12 4 (0.11%) LXC
12 4 (0.11%) VMware NSX
13 3 (0.081%) EMC RecoverPoint
Systems Management
1 187 (5.03%) Puppet
2 157 (4.22%) Kubernetes
3 151 (4.06%) Ansible
4 94 (2.53%) Opscode Chef
5 68 (1.83%) Terraform
6 51 (1.37%) Single Sign-On
7 35 (0.94%) Hadoop YARN
7 35 (0.94%) Kibana
8 32 (0.86%) Grafana
9 28 (0.75%) Docker Swarm
10 17 (0.46%) HP ALM
11 16 (0.43%) Nessus
12 13 (0.35%) Rancher
13 12 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
13 12 (0.32%) SCCM
13 12 (0.32%) ZABBIX
14 11 (0.30%) logstash
15 10 (0.27%) Opsview
15 10 (0.27%) Rsyslog
15 10 (0.27%) Salt
Vendors
1 365 (9.82%) Oracle
2 242 (6.51%) Microsoft
3 122 (3.28%) Google
4 116 (3.12%) IBM
5 89 (2.40%) Red Hat
5 89 (2.40%) ServiceNow
6 80 (2.15%) Salesforce.com
7 66 (1.78%) SAP
8 54 (1.45%) Atlassian
9 53 (1.43%) VMware
10 48 (1.29%) Splunk
11 45 (1.21%) Adobe
11 45 (1.21%) MuleSoft
12 40 (1.08%) TIBCO
13 38 (1.02%) HP
14 34 (0.91%) Sybase
15 28 (0.75%) webMethods
16 27 (0.73%) Apigee
17 26 (0.70%) CA
18 25 (0.67%) Apple