Period
to 23 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 23 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 52 70 111
Rank change year-on-year +18 +41 +37
Contract jobs citing REST 3704 3385 2309
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.70% 3.21% 2.03%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.53% 10.68% 7.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 2552 2411 1657
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £339 £320 £306
90th Percentile £625 £588 £580
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 17 26
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £31.90 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +41.07% -14.93% -
10th Percentile £23.52 £20.85 £32.32
90th Percentile £51.75 £43.50 £59.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £32.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +38.46% -13.33% +7.14%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32130 31687 31900
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.07% 30.07% 27.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 22571 22049 21755
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £313 £299 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 368 369 528
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +8.70%
10th Percentile £18.35 £13.50 £14.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.10 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.75 £36.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +13.19% -4.00% +10.74%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 23 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 23 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 3517 £475 +5.56% 362
London +3 2095 £500 +5.26% 171
UK excluding London +8 1560 £425 - 203
South East +18 648 £425 -5.56% 62
North of England +25 286 £425 - 52
Midlands +4 174 £425 +2.41% 25
South West -11 154 £378 +0.67% 29
East of England -21 146 £425 +6.25% 23
North West +20 132 £410 +0.06% 29
West Midlands +8 128 £500 +20.48% 11
Yorkshire -1 128 £430 -1.71% 17
Scotland -3 101 £400 - 9
East Midlands -24 46 £350 -12.50% 14
North East +56 30 £475 +5.56% 6
Wales -16 30 £513 +3.54% 3
Northern Ireland -24 27 £413 -

For the 6 months to 23 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for REST.

1 2098 (56.64%) Agile Software Development
2 2047 (55.26%) Java
3 1302 (35.15%) Web Services
4 1264 (34.13%) JavaScript
5 1244 (33.59%) TDD
6 1105 (29.83%) SOAP
7 1086 (29.32%) HTML
8 989 (26.70%) Git (software)
9 985 (26.59%) Spring
10 938 (25.32%) JSON
10 938 (25.32%) CSS
11 937 (25.30%) Scrum
12 861 (23.25%) Microservices
13 790 (21.33%) Continuous Integration
14 787 (21.25%) Jenkins
15 763 (20.60%) SQL
16 749 (20.22%) Test Automation
17 711 (19.20%) Finance
18 709 (19.14%) AngularJS
19 682 (18.41%) Linux
20 640 (17.28%) BDD
21 633 (17.09%) MVC
22 626 (16.90%) C#
23 624 (16.85%) XML
24 623 (16.82%) .NET
25 621 (16.77%) HTML5
26 597 (16.12%) JIRA
27 554 (14.96%) Amazon AWS
28 469 (12.66%) DevOps
29 461 (12.45%) Docker

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 388 (10.48%) Confluence
2 181 (4.89%) Apache
3 173 (4.67%) JBoss
4 172 (4.64%) Elasticsearch
5 168 (4.54%) Apache Spark
6 155 (4.18%) Tomcat
7 111 (3.00%) WebSphere
8 108 (2.92%) Apache Solr
9 85 (2.29%) WebLogic
10 75 (2.02%) CMS
11 67 (1.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 62 (1.67%) SharePoint
13 53 (1.43%) Cloud Foundry
14 46 (1.24%) IIS
15 44 (1.19%) Mule
15 44 (1.19%) WildFly
16 36 (0.97%) Drupal
17 35 (0.94%) WebSphere Application Server
18 31 (0.84%) nginx
19 29 (0.78%) SAS
Applications
1 34 (0.92%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (0.51%) MS Visio
3 14 (0.38%) Photoshop
4 13 (0.35%) Chatbot
5 9 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
6 6 (0.16%) InfoPath
6 6 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.081%) Adobe Illustrator
7 3 (0.081%) OmniGraffle
8 2 (0.054%) Fireworks
8 2 (0.054%) SPSS
9 1 (0.027%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 22 (0.59%) Payment Gateway
2 20 (0.54%) Dynamics CRM
3 19 (0.51%) Oracle BPM
4 8 (0.22%) BusinessWorks
4 8 (0.22%) Magento
5 6 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
7 4 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
7 4 (0.11%) RMDS
7 4 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
8 3 (0.081%) Radian6
8 3 (0.081%) Social Studio
9 2 (0.054%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 2 (0.054%) Cognos TM1
9 2 (0.054%) Dynamics AX
9 2 (0.054%) Oracle 11i
9 2 (0.054%) Oracle ERP
9 2 (0.054%) Pega PRPC
9 2 (0.054%) SAP CRM
10 1 (0.027%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 554 (14.96%) Amazon AWS
2 242 (6.53%) Microsoft Azure
3 192 (5.18%) GitHub
4 106 (2.86%) PaaS
4 106 (2.86%) SaaS
5 66 (1.78%) npm
6 61 (1.65%) Amazon S3
7 60 (1.62%) Amazon EC2
8 55 (1.48%) IaaS
9 46 (1.24%) OpenShift
10 45 (1.21%) Slack
11 40 (1.08%) Cloud Computing
11 40 (1.08%) Heroku
12 37 (1.00%) Serverless
13 35 (0.94%) Office 365
14 30 (0.81%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 28 (0.76%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 20 (0.54%) Amazon ELB
16 20 (0.54%) AWS Lambda
17 19 (0.51%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 285 (7.69%) HTTP
2 113 (3.05%) Internet
3 88 (2.38%) Kerberos
4 65 (1.75%) TCP/IP
5 61 (1.65%) SSL
6 57 (1.54%) LDAP
7 30 (0.81%) SMS
8 28 (0.76%) Intranet
9 24 (0.65%) DNS
10 22 (0.59%) Bluetooth
11 19 (0.51%) SSH
12 18 (0.49%) Wi-Fi
13 16 (0.43%) DSL
14 15 (0.40%) LAN
15 14 (0.38%) AMQP
15 14 (0.38%) OpenLDAP
16 13 (0.35%) Firewall
16 13 (0.35%) HTTPS
16 13 (0.35%) OpenVPN
16 13 (0.35%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 403 (10.88%) NoSQL
2 395 (10.66%) Relational Database
3 390 (10.53%) SQL Server
4 339 (9.15%) MongoDB
5 319 (8.61%) PostgreSQL
6 278 (7.51%) MySQL
7 275 (7.42%) Big Data
8 250 (6.75%) Hadoop
9 185 (4.99%) HBase
10 140 (3.78%) RDBMS
11 108 (2.92%) Apache Cassandra
12 73 (1.97%) Oracle Database
13 56 (1.51%) Redis
14 44 (1.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 39 (1.05%) Amazon RDS
16 33 (0.89%) Data Warehouse
17 29 (0.78%) DB2
17 29 (0.78%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 27 (0.73%) SQL Server 2008
18 27 (0.73%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 989 (26.70%) Git (software)
2 787 (21.25%) Jenkins
3 597 (16.12%) JIRA
4 427 (11.53%) JUnit
5 422 (11.39%) Maven
6 340 (9.18%) Cucumber
7 218 (5.89%) Selenium
8 213 (5.75%) Subversion
9 172 (4.64%) Mockito
10 147 (3.97%) TeamCity
11 140 (3.78%) IntelliJ
12 121 (3.27%) Bitbucket
13 114 (3.08%) Jasmine
14 112 (3.02%) Gradle
15 109 (2.94%) Eclipse
16 104 (2.81%) Ant
17 102 (2.75%) Visual Studio
18 89 (2.40%) Team Foundation Server
19 87 (2.35%) gulp
20 86 (2.32%) GitLab
General
1 711 (19.20%) Finance
2 412 (11.12%) Banking
3 123 (3.32%) Telecoms
4 120 (3.24%) Retail
5 107 (2.89%) Marketing
6 87 (2.35%) Front Office
7 82 (2.21%) Investment Banking
8 70 (1.89%) Manufacturing
9 66 (1.78%) Games
10 58 (1.57%) Electronics
11 35 (0.94%) Legal
12 33 (0.89%) Law
13 32 (0.86%) Publishing
14 21 (0.57%) Billing
15 19 (0.51%) Corporate Banking
16 16 (0.43%) Financial Institution
17 14 (0.38%) Advertising
18 12 (0.32%) Automotive
18 12 (0.32%) Back Office
18 12 (0.32%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2538 (68.52%) Developer
2 1044 (28.19%) Java Developer
3 389 (10.50%) Architect
4 285 (7.69%) Senior Developer
5 259 (6.99%) .NET Developer
6 180 (4.86%) C# Developer
7 177 (4.78%) JavaScript Developer
8 160 (4.32%) Scala Developer
9 158 (4.27%) Agile Developer
10 145 (3.91%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 132 (3.56%) Full Stack Developer
12 127 (3.43%) Web Developer
13 126 (3.40%) Software Engineer
14 125 (3.37%) Senior Java Developer
14 125 (3.37%) Software Developer
15 121 (3.27%) Angular Developer
16 112 (3.02%) Java Engineer
17 107 (2.89%) Python Developer
18 106 (2.86%) C# .NET Developer
19 97 (2.62%) Agile Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1302 (35.15%) Web Services
2 1105 (29.83%) SOAP
3 1086 (29.32%) HTML
4 985 (26.59%) Spring
5 938 (25.32%) CSS
5 938 (25.32%) JSON
6 709 (19.14%) AngularJS
7 624 (16.85%) XML
8 623 (16.82%) .NET
9 621 (16.77%) HTML5
10 458 (12.37%) RESTful
11 423 (11.42%) Node.js
12 403 (10.88%) Hibernate
13 394 (10.64%) CSS3
14 376 (10.15%) Spring Boot
15 330 (8.91%) jQuery
16 306 (8.26%) Ajax
17 303 (8.18%) React
18 266 (7.18%) Kafka
19 264 (7.13%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 243 (6.56%) User Experience
2 183 (4.94%) Greenfield Project
3 170 (4.59%) Mobile App
4 146 (3.94%) Computer Science
5 127 (3.43%) Analytical Skills
6 106 (2.86%) Algorithms
7 84 (2.27%) Enterprise Software
8 72 (1.94%) Linux Command Line
9 63 (1.70%) Data Structures
10 52 (1.40%) Fintech
11 47 (1.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 39 (1.05%) iPad
13 34 (0.92%) Virtual Team
14 33 (0.89%) PKI
15 31 (0.84%) Equities
15 31 (0.84%) N-Tier
16 29 (0.78%) CMDB
16 29 (0.78%) Management Information System
17 26 (0.70%) Client/Server
18 25 (0.67%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 682 (18.41%) Linux
2 303 (8.18%) Unix
3 157 (4.24%) Android
4 152 (4.10%) Windows
5 146 (3.94%) Apple iOS
6 93 (2.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 44 (1.19%) Mac OS X
8 42 (1.13%) VMS
9 34 (0.92%) CentOS
10 28 (0.76%) Ubuntu
11 17 (0.46%) HPUX
12 16 (0.43%) Solaris
13 13 (0.35%) Mac OS
14 11 (0.30%) Windows Server
15 8 (0.22%) AIX
16 7 (0.19%) CoreOS
17 6 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
18 5 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
19 2 (0.054%) Debian
19 2 (0.054%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 2098 (56.64%) Agile Software Development
2 1244 (33.59%) TDD
3 937 (25.30%) Scrum
4 861 (23.25%) Microservices
5 790 (21.33%) Continuous Integration
6 749 (20.22%) Test Automation
7 640 (17.28%) BDD
8 633 (17.09%) MVC
9 469 (12.66%) DevOps
10 426 (11.50%) Open Source
11 421 (11.37%) OO
12 335 (9.04%) SOA
13 319 (8.61%) Unit Testing
14 307 (8.29%) Web Development
15 301 (8.13%) Software Engineering
16 270 (7.29%) Kanban
17 264 (7.13%) Front End Development
18 248 (6.70%) E-Commerce
19 237 (6.40%) API Development
20 223 (6.02%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 2047 (55.26%) Java
2 1264 (34.13%) JavaScript
3 763 (20.60%) SQL
4 626 (16.90%) C#
5 442 (11.93%) Python
6 314 (8.48%) Scala
7 200 (5.40%) Ruby
8 120 (3.24%) PHP
9 117 (3.16%) ES6
9 117 (3.16%) Groovy
10 116 (3.13%) TypeScript
11 112 (3.02%) T-SQL
12 85 (2.29%) PowerShell
13 77 (2.08%) Apple Swift
13 77 (2.08%) Bash Shell
14 72 (1.94%) PL/SQL
15 64 (1.73%) Objective-C
16 56 (1.51%) Perl
17 53 (1.43%) Go
18 51 (1.38%) C++
Qualifications
1 286 (7.72%) Security Cleared
2 221 (5.97%) SC Cleared
3 183 (4.94%) Degree
4 74 (2.00%) Computer Science Degree
5 36 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
6 19 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
7 18 (0.49%) ISTQB
8 11 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
9 10 (0.27%) CTC Cleared
9 10 (0.27%) DBS Check
10 9 (0.24%) DV Cleared
11 8 (0.22%) Master's Degree
11 8 (0.22%) PMP
12 7 (0.19%) ISEB
13 6 (0.16%) BC Cleared
14 3 (0.081%) CISA
14 3 (0.081%) CISM
14 3 (0.081%) CISSP
14 3 (0.081%) ITIL Certification
14 3 (0.081%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 237 (6.40%) QA
2 34 (0.92%) Data Quality
3 33 (0.89%) PCI DSS
4 24 (0.65%) GDPR
5 15 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
5 15 (0.40%) MiFID
6 12 (0.32%) SLA
6 12 (0.32%) WCAG
7 8 (0.22%) PSD2
8 5 (0.13%) FedRAMP
8 5 (0.13%) WAI
9 4 (0.11%) HL7
10 3 (0.081%) UCITS
11 2 (0.054%) FATCA
11 2 (0.054%) GCP
11 2 (0.054%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 1 (0.027%) Actionable Recommendations
12 1 (0.027%) PMO
System Software
1 461 (12.45%) Docker
2 96 (2.59%) HDFS
3 74 (2.00%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 70 (1.89%) Active Directory
5 31 (0.84%) Virtual Machines
6 19 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
7 15 (0.40%) vCloud
8 13 (0.35%) Postfix
8 13 (0.35%) Squid
9 10 (0.27%) LXC
9 10 (0.27%) VirtualBox
10 8 (0.22%) Firmware
10 8 (0.22%) oVirt
10 8 (0.22%) RHEV
11 7 (0.19%) OpenAM
12 6 (0.16%) Apache Flume
12 6 (0.16%) vSphere
13 5 (0.13%) OpenIDM
14 4 (0.11%) Varnish
14 4 (0.11%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 194 (5.24%) Kubernetes
2 174 (4.70%) Puppet
3 155 (4.18%) Ansible
4 112 (3.02%) Terraform
5 80 (2.16%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (0.97%) Kibana
7 31 (0.84%) Hadoop YARN
8 19 (0.51%) logstash
9 18 (0.49%) Docker Swarm
10 15 (0.40%) Grafana
10 15 (0.40%) Rancher
10 15 (0.40%) ZABBIX
11 13 (0.35%) Rsyslog
11 13 (0.35%) Sysdig
12 11 (0.30%) Oozie
13 10 (0.27%) Graphite
13 10 (0.27%) Mesos
14 8 (0.22%) Business Desktop Deployment
14 8 (0.22%) HP Quality Center
14 8 (0.22%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 393 (10.61%) Oracle
2 310 (8.37%) Microsoft
3 140 (3.78%) Google
4 133 (3.59%) IBM
5 96 (2.59%) SAP
6 81 (2.19%) Salesforce.com
7 79 (2.13%) Red Hat
8 67 (1.81%) ServiceNow
9 55 (1.48%) Sitecore
10 53 (1.43%) VMware
11 49 (1.32%) MuleSoft
12 48 (1.30%) Sybase
13 45 (1.21%) Atlassian
14 42 (1.13%) Apigee
15 39 (1.05%) TIBCO
16 38 (1.03%) Adobe
17 34 (0.92%) webMethods
18 32 (0.86%) Apple
19 26 (0.70%) ATG
19 26 (0.70%) hybris