Period
to 16 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 16 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
16 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 57 58 74
Rank change year-on-year +1 +16 +51
Contract jobs citing REST 4,102 3,434 3,153
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.01% 3.59% 2.89%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.64% 11.07% 9.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,851 2,352 2,165
UK median daily rate £500 £460 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.70% +2.22% +5.88%
10th Percentile £363 £331 £319
90th Percentile £613 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 31 21
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +20.00% -13.29%
10th Percentile £21.25 £22.50 £19.23
90th Percentile £55.03 £57.50 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year -5.56% +16.13% -8.82%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,252 31,010 31,692
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.46% 32.41% 29.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,904 21,394 22,142
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £320 £306 £293
90th Percentile £625 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £423 £400 £383
% change year-on-year +5.75% +4.58% +2.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 343 384 386
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +11.11% -2.70%
10th Percentile £15.24 £16.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.25 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +0.63% +11.11% -2.70%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 16 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 3,774 £500 +7.82% 920
London +7 2,161 £525 +5.00% 395
UK excluding London +5 1,893 £450 +5.88% 590
South East -3 693 £480 +12.94% 150
North of England -4 357 £425 - 118
Scotland +56 225 £450 +16.13% 34
East of England +17 191 £450 +5.88% 93
South West +10 183 £425 +6.25% 79
Midlands -8 182 £425 -4.23% 85
Yorkshire +8 168 £450 +4.65% 39
North West -3 163 £400 - 73
West Midlands -24 114 £419 -13.48% 50
East Midlands +10 67 £425 +6.25% 35
Wales +22 52 £425 -15.00% 19
North East -24 28 £450 - 6
Northern Ireland +34 16 £325 -21.21% 12

For the 6 months to 16 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 2,262 (55.14%) Agile Software Development
2 2,146 (52.32%) Java
3 1,530 (37.30%) JavaScript
4 1,415 (34.50%) TDD
5 1,311 (31.96%) Web Services
6 1,255 (30.59%) Git (software)
7 1,161 (28.30%) SOAP
7 1,161 (28.30%) Microservices
8 1,082 (26.38%) HTML
9 1,068 (26.04%) Spring
10 975 (23.77%) CSS
11 919 (22.40%) JSON
12 908 (22.14%) Jenkins
13 895 (21.82%) Scrum
14 883 (21.53%) Continuous Integration
15 830 (20.23%) SQL
16 793 (19.33%) BDD
17 784 (19.11%) AngularJS
18 735 (17.92%) Docker
19 713 (17.38%) Test Automation
20 711 (17.33%) .NET
21 705 (17.19%) C#
22 688 (16.77%) DevOps
23 686 (16.72%) Java 8
24 677 (16.50%) Amazon AWS
25 672 (16.38%) Finance
26 666 (16.24%) JIRA
27 626 (15.26%) Linux
28 624 (15.21%) XML
28 624 (15.21%) MVC

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 425 (10.36%) Confluence
2 219 (5.34%) Apache
3 189 (4.61%) Elasticsearch
4 157 (3.83%) Tomcat
5 136 (3.32%) Apache Spark
6 129 (3.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 115 (2.80%) JBoss
8 95 (2.32%) SharePoint
9 86 (2.10%) WebSphere
10 85 (2.07%) WebLogic
11 66 (1.61%) Mule
12 62 (1.51%) CMS
13 57 (1.39%) Cloud Foundry
14 45 (1.10%) IIS
14 45 (1.10%) WildFly
15 39 (0.95%) Apache Solr
16 38 (0.93%) MQSeries
17 33 (0.80%) NServiceBus
18 28 (0.68%) nginx
18 28 (0.68%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 40 (0.98%) Microsoft Excel
2 31 (0.76%) MS Visio
3 18 (0.44%) Adobe Illustrator
3 18 (0.44%) Photoshop
4 12 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
5 11 (0.27%) InfoPath
5 11 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 10 (0.24%) Fireworks
7 9 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.15%) GIMP
8 6 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
9 5 (0.12%) CATIA
10 4 (0.098%) HipChat
11 2 (0.049%) Chatbot
12 1 (0.024%) 3ds Max
12 1 (0.024%) InVision
12 1 (0.024%) Maya
Business Applications
1 55 (1.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.39%) Magento
3 14 (0.34%) Remedy ITSM
4 10 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
5 8 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
6 7 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
7 6 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
7 6 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
7 6 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
7 6 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
8 5 (0.12%) DELMIA
8 5 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
8 5 (0.12%) ENOVIA
8 5 (0.12%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 5 (0.12%) Oracle General Ledger
8 5 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
9 4 (0.098%) Distributed Ledger
9 4 (0.098%) Elite 3E
9 4 (0.098%) Markit EDM
9 4 (0.098%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 677 (16.50%) Amazon AWS
2 535 (13.04%) Microsoft Azure
3 128 (3.12%) GitHub
4 82 (2.00%) PaaS
5 71 (1.73%) SaaS
6 70 (1.71%) Serverless
7 69 (1.68%) npm
8 59 (1.44%) OpenShift
9 56 (1.37%) Google Cloud Platform
10 55 (1.34%) Slack
11 52 (1.27%) Amazon EC2
12 51 (1.24%) Office 365
13 49 (1.19%) Heroku
14 47 (1.15%) AWS Lambda
15 40 (0.98%) Amazon S3
15 40 (0.98%) IaaS
16 33 (0.80%) Force.com
17 28 (0.68%) Cloud Computing
18 24 (0.59%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 24 (0.59%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 328 (8.00%) HTTP
2 92 (2.24%) TCP/IP
3 90 (2.19%) SSL
4 71 (1.73%) Internet
5 59 (1.44%) DNS
5 59 (1.44%) FTP
6 30 (0.73%) Kerberos
7 28 (0.68%) SSH
8 24 (0.59%) SMS
9 23 (0.56%) Firewall
10 22 (0.54%) AMQP
11 21 (0.51%) HTTPS
12 11 (0.27%) VPN
13 9 (0.22%) MPLS
13 9 (0.22%) MQTT
13 9 (0.22%) X.509
14 8 (0.20%) OpenLDAP
14 8 (0.20%) OpenVPN
14 8 (0.20%) Wireless
14 8 (0.20%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 509 (12.41%) Relational Database
2 504 (12.29%) NoSQL
3 468 (11.41%) SQL Server
4 401 (9.78%) MongoDB
5 312 (7.61%) PostgreSQL
6 269 (6.56%) MySQL
7 251 (6.12%) Big Data
8 197 (4.80%) Apache Cassandra
9 184 (4.49%) Hadoop
10 177 (4.31%) RDBMS
11 143 (3.49%) Oracle Database
12 140 (3.41%) Redis
13 101 (2.46%) HBase
14 58 (1.41%) Neo4j
15 54 (1.32%) Cosmos DB
16 47 (1.15%) Azure SQL Database
17 43 (1.05%) Couchbase
18 42 (1.02%) SQL Server 2012
19 39 (0.95%) Oracle Database 12c
20 37 (0.90%) DB2
Development Applications
1 1,255 (30.59%) Git (software)
2 908 (22.14%) Jenkins
3 666 (16.24%) JIRA
4 522 (12.73%) Maven
5 446 (10.87%) JUnit
6 310 (7.56%) Selenium
7 273 (6.66%) Cucumber
8 255 (6.22%) Subversion
9 205 (5.00%) Visual Studio
10 181 (4.41%) Mockito
11 162 (3.95%) Gradle
12 137 (3.34%) Bitbucket
13 135 (3.29%) TeamCity
14 123 (3.00%) Eclipse
15 109 (2.66%) SonarQube
16 106 (2.58%) gulp
16 106 (2.58%) webpack
17 97 (2.36%) SoapUI
17 97 (2.36%) Team Foundation Server
18 89 (2.17%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 672 (16.38%) Finance
2 360 (8.78%) Banking
3 142 (3.46%) Retail
4 78 (1.90%) Investment Banking
5 70 (1.71%) Telecoms
6 68 (1.66%) Games
7 67 (1.63%) Marketing
8 47 (1.15%) Front Office
9 44 (1.07%) Manufacturing
10 38 (0.93%) Financial Institution
11 33 (0.80%) Electronics
12 32 (0.78%) Advertising
13 29 (0.71%) Legal
14 27 (0.66%) Back Office
15 25 (0.61%) Law
16 20 (0.49%) Publishing
17 8 (0.20%) Retail Banking
18 7 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
19 6 (0.15%) Billing
20 5 (0.12%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,927 (71.36%) Developer
2 1,122 (27.35%) Java Developer
3 406 (9.90%) Architect
4 404 (9.85%) Senior Developer
5 321 (7.83%) .NET Developer
6 247 (6.02%) Full Stack Developer
7 224 (5.46%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 220 (5.36%) JavaScript Developer
9 218 (5.31%) C# Developer
10 217 (5.29%) Senior Java Developer
11 200 (4.88%) React Developer
12 190 (4.63%) Python Developer
13 163 (3.97%) Angular Developer
14 161 (3.92%) Solutions Architect
15 137 (3.34%) C# .NET Developer
16 111 (2.71%) Software Engineer
17 110 (2.68%) Agile Developer
18 108 (2.63%) Technical Architect
19 103 (2.51%) Lead Developer
20 102 (2.49%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,311 (31.96%) Web Services
2 1,161 (28.30%) SOAP
3 1,082 (26.38%) HTML
4 1,068 (26.04%) Spring
5 975 (23.77%) CSS
6 919 (22.40%) JSON
7 784 (19.11%) AngularJS
8 711 (17.33%) .NET
9 624 (15.21%) XML
10 611 (14.90%) Node.js
11 563 (13.73%) HTML5
12 533 (12.99%) Hibernate
13 514 (12.53%) React
14 442 (10.78%) RESTful
15 415 (10.12%) Spring Boot
16 328 (8.00%) jQuery
17 321 (7.83%) ASP.NET
18 320 (7.80%) Kafka
19 319 (7.78%) J2EE
20 305 (7.44%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 352 (8.58%) User Experience
2 262 (6.39%) Greenfield Project
3 243 (5.92%) Mobile App
4 168 (4.10%) Fintech
5 141 (3.44%) Enterprise Software
6 115 (2.80%) Analytical Skills
7 109 (2.66%) Computer Science
8 97 (2.36%) Linux Command Line
9 84 (2.05%) Self-Motivation
10 83 (2.02%) Algorithms
11 58 (1.41%) Data Structures
12 55 (1.34%) iPad
13 43 (1.05%) Fixed Income
14 41 (1.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 38 (0.93%) Management Information System
16 35 (0.85%) Public Cloud
16 35 (0.85%) Virtual Team
17 30 (0.73%) DataPower
18 28 (0.68%) Data Centre
19 26 (0.63%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 626 (15.26%) Linux
2 371 (9.04%) Unix
3 235 (5.73%) Windows
4 177 (4.31%) Apple iOS
5 171 (4.17%) Android
6 49 (1.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 49 (1.19%) Ubuntu
6 49 (1.19%) VMS
7 46 (1.12%) Mac OS X
8 39 (0.95%) Windows Server
9 22 (0.54%) CentOS
10 14 (0.34%) Solaris
11 9 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
12 6 (0.15%) HPUX
12 6 (0.15%) Windows 7
13 5 (0.12%) Windows 10
13 5 (0.12%) Windows Mobile
14 3 (0.073%) CoreOS
14 3 (0.073%) Debian
14 3 (0.073%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,262 (55.14%) Agile Software Development
2 1,415 (34.50%) TDD
3 1,161 (28.30%) Microservices
4 895 (21.82%) Scrum
5 883 (21.53%) Continuous Integration
6 793 (19.33%) BDD
7 713 (17.38%) Test Automation
8 688 (16.77%) DevOps
9 624 (15.21%) MVC
10 450 (10.97%) SOA
11 407 (9.92%) OO
12 382 (9.31%) Software Engineering
13 373 (9.09%) Web Development
14 370 (9.02%) Kanban
15 338 (8.24%) Open Source
16 329 (8.02%) Unit Testing
17 302 (7.36%) Problem-Solving
18 289 (7.05%) Front End Development
19 267 (6.51%) Continuous Delivery
20 261 (6.36%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,146 (52.32%) Java
2 1,530 (37.30%) JavaScript
3 830 (20.23%) SQL
4 705 (17.19%) C#
5 686 (16.72%) Java 8
6 497 (12.12%) Python
7 255 (6.22%) Scala
8 193 (4.71%) Ruby
9 182 (4.44%) ES6
9 182 (4.44%) TypeScript
10 131 (3.19%) Groovy
11 123 (3.00%) PHP
12 121 (2.95%) PowerShell
13 85 (2.07%) PL/SQL
14 77 (1.88%) Go
15 74 (1.80%) Shell Script
16 68 (1.66%) C++
17 67 (1.63%) Bash Shell
18 66 (1.61%) T-SQL
19 61 (1.49%) C
Qualifications
1 249 (6.07%) Security Cleared
2 204 (4.97%) SC Cleared
3 182 (4.44%) Degree
4 60 (1.46%) BPSS Clearance
5 49 (1.19%) Computer Science Degree
6 25 (0.61%) DV Cleared
7 16 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
8 15 (0.37%) Cisco Certification
8 15 (0.37%) Master's Degree
9 14 (0.34%) CCNA
10 13 (0.32%) ITIL Certification
11 12 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
12 10 (0.24%) AWS Certification
13 9 (0.22%) CISM
13 9 (0.22%) CISSP
13 9 (0.22%) MCSE
13 9 (0.22%) Sun Certification
13 9 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
14 8 (0.20%) CCSA
14 8 (0.20%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 194 (4.73%) QA
2 40 (0.98%) Data Quality
3 17 (0.41%) Disclosure Scotland
4 12 (0.29%) SLA
5 11 (0.27%) GCP
5 11 (0.27%) GDPR
6 9 (0.22%) PSD2
6 9 (0.22%) WCAG
7 8 (0.20%) PMO
8 7 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 5 (0.12%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.049%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.024%) COBIT
11 1 (0.024%) HL7
11 1 (0.024%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.024%) IFRS
11 1 (0.024%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 735 (17.92%) Docker
2 78 (1.90%) Active Directory
3 37 (0.90%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (0.76%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 31 (0.76%) HDFS
5 10 (0.24%) Squid
5 10 (0.24%) vCloud
5 10 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
5 10 (0.24%) vSphere
6 9 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
7 8 (0.20%) Postfix
8 7 (0.17%) Hyper-V
9 6 (0.15%) LXC
9 6 (0.15%) VMware Server
10 4 (0.098%) OpenAM
10 4 (0.098%) OpenDJ
10 4 (0.098%) oVirt
10 4 (0.098%) RHEV
10 4 (0.098%) Varnish
11 3 (0.073%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 293 (7.14%) Kubernetes
2 158 (3.85%) Puppet
3 157 (3.83%) Ansible
4 102 (2.49%) Terraform
5 65 (1.58%) Opscode Chef
6 44 (1.07%) Single Sign-On
7 42 (1.02%) Kibana
8 39 (0.95%) Docker Swarm
9 38 (0.93%) Grafana
10 30 (0.73%) Mesos
11 26 (0.63%) Hadoop YARN
12 17 (0.41%) Prometheus
13 14 (0.34%) Rancher
14 12 (0.29%) Nagios
15 11 (0.27%) logstash
15 11 (0.27%) Marathon
16 9 (0.22%) Rsyslog
16 9 (0.22%) ZABBIX
17 8 (0.20%) Graylog
17 8 (0.20%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 483 (11.77%) Oracle
2 332 (8.09%) Microsoft
3 144 (3.51%) Google
4 125 (3.05%) IBM
5 116 (2.83%) Atlassian
6 97 (2.36%) Salesforce.com
7 94 (2.29%) SAP
8 56 (1.37%) VMware
9 54 (1.32%) MuleSoft
10 50 (1.22%) Adobe
10 50 (1.22%) CA
10 50 (1.22%) Splunk
11 49 (1.19%) Red Hat
12 47 (1.15%) ServiceNow
13 33 (0.80%) Apigee
14 29 (0.71%) Sitecore
15 27 (0.66%) webMethods
16 26 (0.63%) Sybase
17 25 (0.61%) CyberArk
18 24 (0.59%) Nintex