Period
to 22 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 22 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
22 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 59 66 75
Rank change year-on-year +7 +9 +53
Contract jobs citing REST 3,885 3,063 2,962
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.88% 3.35% 2.77%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.63% 10.46% 9.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,699 2,086 2,029
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £356 £325 £319
90th Percentile £613 £588 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 21 27
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £48.50 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.37% +25.16% +9.15%
10th Percentile £20.63 £23.75 £28.65
90th Percentile £50.00 £57.50 £57.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £46.75 £38.75
% change year-on-year -3.74% +20.65% +9.15%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,402 29,276 30,431
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.32% 32.05% 28.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,473 20,245 21,269
UK median daily rate £470 £443 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.09% +4.24% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 347 377 418
UK median hourly rate £42.25 £41.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.05% +9.33% +7.14%
10th Percentile £15.15 £15.70 £13.50
90th Percentile £65.90 £53.75 £55.99
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year -0.62% +7.33% +7.14%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 22 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 22 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 22 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 3,591 £500 +11.11% 955
London +8 2,059 £525 +10.41% 437
UK excluding London +5 1,770 £450 +5.88% 577
South East 0 677 £475 +11.76% 154
North of England -12 356 £425 - 141
Scotland +21 172 £425 +18.06% 31
South West +10 166 £420 +8.39% 66
Yorkshire -8 166 £450 +4.65% 48
East of England +17 165 £450 +5.88% 76
North West -1 164 £400 +1.59% 85
Midlands -25 160 £400 -11.11% 81
West Midlands -44 95 £400 -11.11% 56
East Midlands 0 65 £425 +6.25% 25
Wales +11 48 £400 -15.79% 20
North East -37 31 £475 +10.14% 8
Northern Ireland +32 29 £460 +11.52% 8

For the 6 months to 22 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 2,114 (54.41%) Agile Software Development
2 2,038 (52.46%) Java
3 1,486 (38.25%) JavaScript
4 1,380 (35.52%) TDD
5 1,313 (33.80%) Web Services
6 1,162 (29.91%) Git (software)
7 1,108 (28.52%) SOAP
8 1,036 (26.67%) HTML
9 1,029 (26.49%) Microservices
10 993 (25.56%) Spring
11 914 (23.53%) CSS
12 877 (22.57%) JSON
13 865 (22.27%) Continuous Integration
13 865 (22.27%) Jenkins
14 834 (21.47%) Scrum
15 784 (20.18%) SQL
16 765 (19.69%) BDD
17 729 (18.76%) AngularJS
18 697 (17.94%) .NET
19 695 (17.89%) Test Automation
20 678 (17.45%) C#
21 674 (17.35%) Amazon AWS
22 665 (17.12%) Linux
23 660 (16.99%) Finance
24 646 (16.63%) XML
25 629 (16.19%) MVC
26 627 (16.14%) Node.js
27 626 (16.11%) DevOps
28 613 (15.78%) JIRA
29 604 (15.55%) Java 8

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 372 (9.58%) Confluence
2 248 (6.38%) Apache
3 186 (4.79%) Elasticsearch
4 184 (4.74%) Tomcat
5 128 (3.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 114 (2.93%) JBoss
7 111 (2.86%) Apache Spark
8 105 (2.70%) WebSphere
9 72 (1.85%) WebLogic
10 66 (1.70%) SharePoint
11 65 (1.67%) CMS
12 64 (1.65%) Cloud Foundry
13 48 (1.24%) Mule
14 45 (1.16%) Apache Solr
15 34 (0.88%) IIS
16 33 (0.85%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 31 (0.80%) NServiceBus
18 30 (0.77%) MQSeries
18 30 (0.77%) nginx
18 30 (0.77%) WildFly
Applications
1 42 (1.08%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (0.54%) MS Visio
3 17 (0.44%) Adobe Illustrator
3 17 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
4 14 (0.36%) Photoshop
5 8 (0.21%) InfoPath
5 8 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (0.18%) HipChat
7 6 (0.15%) GIMP
7 6 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
8 5 (0.13%) CATIA
8 5 (0.13%) Chatbot
8 5 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.026%) 3ds Max
9 1 (0.026%) Fireworks
9 1 (0.026%) InVision
9 1 (0.026%) Maya
9 1 (0.026%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 52 (1.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (0.46%) Magento
3 13 (0.33%) Remedy ITSM
4 10 (0.26%) Elite 3E
4 10 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
5 9 (0.23%) BusinessWorks
6 8 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
7 7 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
8 6 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
8 6 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
8 6 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 5 (0.13%) DELMIA
9 5 (0.13%) ENOVIA
9 5 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
9 5 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
10 4 (0.10%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 4 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
11 3 (0.077%) Dynamics NAV
11 3 (0.077%) Markit EDM
11 3 (0.077%) SAP MII
Cloud Services
1 674 (17.35%) Amazon AWS
2 504 (12.97%) Microsoft Azure
3 159 (4.09%) GitHub
4 99 (2.55%) PaaS
5 81 (2.08%) SaaS
6 76 (1.96%) Serverless
7 70 (1.80%) Slack
8 68 (1.75%) npm
9 59 (1.52%) Amazon EC2
10 56 (1.44%) AWS Lambda
11 52 (1.34%) IaaS
12 50 (1.29%) Amazon S3
12 50 (1.29%) Heroku
13 47 (1.21%) OpenShift
14 44 (1.13%) Google Cloud Platform
15 35 (0.90%) Office 365
16 33 (0.85%) Force.com
17 31 (0.80%) Cloud Computing
18 24 (0.62%) Amazon SQS
19 22 (0.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 336 (8.65%) HTTP
2 86 (2.21%) TCP/IP
3 75 (1.93%) SSL
4 62 (1.60%) Internet
5 54 (1.39%) FTP
6 51 (1.31%) DNS
7 33 (0.85%) SMS
8 23 (0.59%) HTTPS
9 20 (0.51%) Kerberos
10 19 (0.49%) Firewall
11 15 (0.39%) SSH
12 12 (0.31%) AMQP
13 11 (0.28%) Bluetooth
13 11 (0.28%) MQTT
13 11 (0.28%) SMTP
13 11 (0.28%) SNMP
14 9 (0.23%) Wireshark
15 7 (0.18%) BIG-IP
15 7 (0.18%) DOCSIS
16 6 (0.15%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 506 (13.02%) Relational Database
2 473 (12.18%) SQL Server
3 463 (11.92%) NoSQL
4 361 (9.29%) MongoDB
5 314 (8.08%) PostgreSQL
6 290 (7.46%) MySQL
7 230 (5.92%) Big Data
8 173 (4.45%) Apache Cassandra
9 170 (4.38%) Hadoop
10 159 (4.09%) RDBMS
11 139 (3.58%) Redis
12 97 (2.50%) HBase
12 97 (2.50%) Oracle Database
13 95 (2.45%) Neo4j
14 51 (1.31%) Cosmos DB
15 47 (1.21%) Azure SQL Database
16 43 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 41 (1.06%) DB2
17 41 (1.06%) Power BI
18 39 (1.00%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 1,162 (29.91%) Git (software)
2 865 (22.27%) Jenkins
3 613 (15.78%) JIRA
4 467 (12.02%) Maven
5 385 (9.91%) JUnit
6 262 (6.74%) Cucumber
7 261 (6.72%) Selenium
8 251 (6.46%) Subversion
9 209 (5.38%) Visual Studio
10 186 (4.79%) Gradle
11 162 (4.17%) Mockito
12 152 (3.91%) TeamCity
13 127 (3.27%) Eclipse
14 121 (3.11%) Bitbucket
15 102 (2.63%) Team Foundation Server
16 100 (2.57%) SonarQube
17 97 (2.50%) gulp
18 96 (2.47%) webpack
19 86 (2.21%) IntelliJ
20 85 (2.19%) SoapUI
General
1 660 (16.99%) Finance
2 355 (9.14%) Banking
3 122 (3.14%) Retail
4 73 (1.88%) Investment Banking
5 69 (1.78%) Telecoms
6 64 (1.65%) Games
7 56 (1.44%) Marketing
8 50 (1.29%) Financial Institution
9 46 (1.18%) Front Office
10 42 (1.08%) Manufacturing
11 41 (1.06%) Advertising
12 30 (0.77%) Law
13 27 (0.69%) Legal
14 25 (0.64%) Back Office
15 24 (0.62%) Electronics
16 19 (0.49%) Publishing
17 13 (0.33%) Automotive
18 11 (0.28%) Retail Banking
19 8 (0.21%) Billing
20 6 (0.15%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 2,750 (70.79%) Developer
2 1,049 (27.00%) Java Developer
3 424 (10.91%) Senior Developer
4 359 (9.24%) Architect
5 286 (7.36%) .NET Developer
6 230 (5.92%) JavaScript Developer
7 219 (5.64%) Senior Java Developer
8 200 (5.15%) Full Stack Developer
9 197 (5.07%) Python Developer
10 192 (4.94%) C# Developer
11 179 (4.61%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 162 (4.17%) React Developer
13 151 (3.89%) Solutions Architect
14 129 (3.32%) Software Engineer
15 128 (3.29%) C# .NET Developer
16 125 (3.22%) Agile Developer
17 106 (2.73%) Angular Developer
18 93 (2.39%) Django Developer
18 93 (2.39%) Python/Django Developer
18 93 (2.39%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,313 (33.80%) Web Services
2 1,108 (28.52%) SOAP
3 1,036 (26.67%) HTML
4 993 (25.56%) Spring
5 914 (23.53%) CSS
6 877 (22.57%) JSON
7 729 (18.76%) AngularJS
8 697 (17.94%) .NET
9 646 (16.63%) XML
10 627 (16.14%) Node.js
11 549 (14.13%) HTML5
12 488 (12.56%) Hibernate
13 480 (12.36%) React
14 387 (9.96%) RESTful
15 386 (9.94%) Spring Boot
16 314 (8.08%) ASP.NET
17 310 (7.98%) CSS3
18 293 (7.54%) J2EE
19 291 (7.49%) jQuery
20 288 (7.41%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 343 (8.83%) User Experience
2 234 (6.02%) Greenfield Project
3 229 (5.89%) Mobile App
4 134 (3.45%) Fintech
5 132 (3.40%) Enterprise Software
6 117 (3.01%) Analytical Skills
7 98 (2.52%) Computer Science
8 84 (2.16%) Linux Command Line
9 81 (2.08%) Self-Motivation
10 64 (1.65%) Algorithms
11 57 (1.47%) iPad
12 50 (1.29%) Data Structures
13 47 (1.21%) Virtual Team
14 43 (1.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 35 (0.90%) Management Information System
16 33 (0.85%) Equities
17 31 (0.80%) Hedge funds
18 30 (0.77%) Fixed Income
19 24 (0.62%) CMDB
19 24 (0.62%) DataPower
Operating Systems
1 665 (17.12%) Linux
2 370 (9.52%) Unix
3 250 (6.44%) Windows
4 192 (4.94%) Android
5 174 (4.48%) Apple iOS
6 71 (1.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 63 (1.62%) Mac OS X
8 36 (0.93%) Ubuntu
8 36 (0.93%) Windows Server
9 27 (0.69%) VMS
10 20 (0.51%) CentOS
11 17 (0.44%) Solaris
12 12 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
13 11 (0.28%) HPUX
14 7 (0.18%) Windows 7
15 6 (0.15%) Windows 10
16 5 (0.13%) Windows 8
16 5 (0.13%) Windows Mobile
16 5 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
17 4 (0.10%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,114 (54.41%) Agile Software Development
2 1,380 (35.52%) TDD
3 1,029 (26.49%) Microservices
4 865 (22.27%) Continuous Integration
5 834 (21.47%) Scrum
6 765 (19.69%) BDD
7 695 (17.89%) Test Automation
8 629 (16.19%) MVC
9 626 (16.11%) DevOps
10 451 (11.61%) SOA
11 414 (10.66%) OO
12 395 (10.17%) Software Engineering
13 365 (9.40%) Web Development
14 361 (9.29%) Kanban
15 350 (9.01%) Unit Testing
16 340 (8.75%) Open Source
17 279 (7.18%) E-Commerce
18 275 (7.08%) Problem-Solving
19 272 (7.00%) SDLC
20 232 (5.97%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 2,038 (52.46%) Java
2 1,486 (38.25%) JavaScript
3 784 (20.18%) SQL
4 678 (17.45%) C#
5 604 (15.55%) Java 8
6 492 (12.66%) Python
7 248 (6.38%) Scala
8 175 (4.50%) ES6
8 175 (4.50%) Ruby
9 150 (3.86%) TypeScript
10 138 (3.55%) PowerShell
11 130 (3.35%) PHP
12 124 (3.19%) Groovy
13 94 (2.42%) Shell Script
14 77 (1.98%) XPath
15 75 (1.93%) PL/SQL
16 71 (1.83%) Bash Shell
17 69 (1.78%) T-SQL
18 64 (1.65%) Go
19 62 (1.60%) C++
Qualifications
1 217 (5.59%) Security Cleared
2 179 (4.61%) Degree
3 172 (4.43%) SC Cleared
4 57 (1.47%) BPSS Clearance
5 50 (1.29%) Computer Science Degree
6 19 (0.49%) DV Cleared
7 16 (0.41%) Master's Degree
8 14 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
9 11 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
9 11 (0.28%) TOGAF Certification
10 10 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
11 9 (0.23%) CCNA
11 9 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
12 8 (0.21%) MCSE
13 7 (0.18%) AWS Certification
13 7 (0.18%) DBS Check
14 6 (0.15%) CCSA
14 6 (0.15%) CISM
14 6 (0.15%) CISSP
14 6 (0.15%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 214 (5.51%) QA
2 44 (1.13%) Data Quality
3 14 (0.36%) WCAG
4 12 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
5 11 (0.28%) GDPR
5 11 (0.28%) PSD2
6 10 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 9 (0.23%) GCP
7 9 (0.23%) SLA
8 8 (0.21%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.18%) PMO
10 6 (0.15%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.026%) COBIT
11 1 (0.026%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.026%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.026%) SEPA
System Software
1 603 (15.52%) Docker
2 97 (2.50%) Active Directory
3 41 (1.06%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 39 (1.00%) HDFS
5 35 (0.90%) VMware Infrastructure
6 11 (0.28%) vSphere
7 10 (0.26%) Hyper-V
8 9 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
9 7 (0.18%) Varnish
10 6 (0.15%) VMware Server
11 5 (0.13%) Squid
11 5 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
12 4 (0.10%) Microsoft App-V
13 3 (0.077%) EMC RecoverPoint
13 3 (0.077%) Firmware
13 3 (0.077%) LXC
13 3 (0.077%) Postfix
13 3 (0.077%) vCloud
13 3 (0.077%) Xen
13 3 (0.077%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 178 (4.58%) Kubernetes
2 153 (3.94%) Puppet
3 119 (3.06%) Ansible
4 92 (2.37%) Terraform
5 72 (1.85%) Opscode Chef
6 37 (0.95%) Hadoop YARN
6 37 (0.95%) Single Sign-On
7 30 (0.77%) Grafana
8 29 (0.75%) Docker Swarm
9 25 (0.64%) Kibana
10 21 (0.54%) Mesos
11 16 (0.41%) Prometheus
12 14 (0.36%) Graylog
13 12 (0.31%) HP ALM
13 12 (0.31%) Nessus
14 11 (0.28%) Marathon
15 9 (0.23%) Nagios
15 9 (0.23%) SCCM
15 9 (0.23%) TIBCO Hawk
16 8 (0.21%) Rancher
Vendors
1 424 (10.91%) Oracle
2 293 (7.54%) Microsoft
3 133 (3.42%) IBM
4 122 (3.14%) Google
5 107 (2.75%) Salesforce.com
6 102 (2.63%) Atlassian
7 74 (1.90%) SAP
8 68 (1.75%) Red Hat
9 57 (1.47%) MuleSoft
10 53 (1.36%) ServiceNow
11 49 (1.26%) Splunk
12 47 (1.21%) VMware
13 41 (1.06%) Adobe
14 37 (0.95%) CA
15 32 (0.82%) Sitecore
16 26 (0.67%) Tableau
17 25 (0.64%) Cloudera
17 25 (0.64%) HP
17 25 (0.64%) Informatica
18 22 (0.57%) Dell