Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 54 67 103
Rank change year-on-year +13 +36 +35
Contract jobs citing REST 3842 3409 2433
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.72% 3.23% 2.16%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.64% 10.65% 7.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 2679 2447 1792
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £435
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +3.45% +8.75%
10th Percentile £338 £320 £306
90th Percentile £620 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 39 13 28
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £31.50 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% -18.71% +3.33%
10th Percentile £28.88 £19.77 £34.94
90th Percentile £52.50 £39.90 £58.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £31.90 £37.50
% change year-on-year +41.07% -14.93% +7.14%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33013 32000 31983
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.00% 30.35% 28.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 23308 22171 21922
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 381 364 549
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +8.70%
10th Percentile £18.50 £14.37 £15.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.40 £54.92
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £37.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +10.81% -1.33% +10.74%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +12 3635 £475 +5.56% 500
London 0 2155 £500 +5.26% 267
UK excluding London +24 1636 £425 - 252
South East +28 657 £438 - 59
North of England +26 295 £425 - 79
Midlands +4 176 £400 - 26
East of England +6 172 £425 +6.25% 37
South West +6 164 £375 +7.14% 32
North West +24 149 £425 +6.12% 49
Yorkshire -7 122 £450 +4.65% 25
West Midlands -3 118 £488 +17.47% 16
Scotland +17 115 £400 - 13
East Midlands -9 56 £375 +7.14% 10
Wales -19 32 £513 +2.50% 4
North East +47 29 £463 +4.23% 5
Northern Ireland -16 29 £413 - 2

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for REST.

1 2186 (56.90%) Agile Software Development
2 2180 (56.74%) Java
3 1358 (35.35%) Web Services
4 1344 (34.98%) JavaScript
5 1311 (34.12%) TDD
6 1169 (30.43%) SOAP
7 1138 (29.62%) HTML
8 1056 (27.49%) Spring
9 1039 (27.04%) Git (software)
10 963 (25.07%) CSS
11 957 (24.91%) Scrum
11 957 (24.91%) JSON
12 923 (24.02%) Microservices
13 819 (21.32%) Jenkins
14 816 (21.24%) SQL
15 807 (21.00%) Continuous Integration
16 748 (19.47%) Test Automation
17 747 (19.44%) AngularJS
18 717 (18.66%) Finance
19 699 (18.19%) Linux
20 679 (17.67%) BDD
21 664 (17.28%) MVC
22 656 (17.07%) XML
23 653 (17.00%) .NET
24 640 (16.66%) C#
25 639 (16.63%) JIRA
26 626 (16.29%) HTML5
27 589 (15.33%) Amazon AWS
28 503 (13.09%) Docker
29 480 (12.49%) Node.js

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 410 (10.67%) Confluence
2 199 (5.18%) Apache
3 181 (4.71%) JBoss
4 174 (4.53%) Apache Spark
4 174 (4.53%) Elasticsearch
5 166 (4.32%) Tomcat
6 118 (3.07%) Apache Solr
7 101 (2.63%) WebSphere
8 86 (2.24%) WebLogic
9 75 (1.95%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 74 (1.93%) SharePoint
11 73 (1.90%) CMS
12 55 (1.43%) WildFly
13 52 (1.35%) Cloud Foundry
14 48 (1.25%) IIS
15 44 (1.15%) Mule
16 39 (1.02%) Drupal
16 39 (1.02%) WebSphere Application Server
17 28 (0.73%) SAS
18 27 (0.70%) nginx
Applications
1 37 (0.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (0.62%) MS Visio
3 13 (0.34%) Chatbot
3 13 (0.34%) Photoshop
4 9 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
5 6 (0.16%) InfoPath
5 6 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.052%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.052%) Fireworks
7 2 (0.052%) OmniGraffle
7 2 (0.052%) SPSS
8 1 (0.026%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 25 (0.65%) Oracle BPM
2 22 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
3 20 (0.52%) Payment Gateway
4 9 (0.23%) BusinessWorks
4 9 (0.23%) Magento
5 6 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
5 6 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
6 4 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
6 4 (0.10%) RMDS
7 3 (0.078%) Radian6
7 3 (0.078%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.078%) Social Studio
8 2 (0.052%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 2 (0.052%) Cognos TM1
8 2 (0.052%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.052%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 2 (0.052%) Maximo
8 2 (0.052%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.052%) SDL Web 8
9 1 (0.026%) Oracle 11i
Cloud Services
1 589 (15.33%) Amazon AWS
2 262 (6.82%) Microsoft Azure
3 219 (5.70%) GitHub
4 110 (2.86%) SaaS
5 96 (2.50%) PaaS
6 61 (1.59%) Amazon EC2
7 59 (1.54%) Amazon S3
8 58 (1.51%) IaaS
9 57 (1.48%) Slack
10 53 (1.38%) npm
11 42 (1.09%) Serverless
12 37 (0.96%) Cloud Computing
12 37 (0.96%) Heroku
13 34 (0.88%) Office 365
14 32 (0.83%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 31 (0.81%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 26 (0.68%) OpenShift
17 23 (0.60%) Amazon ELB
17 23 (0.60%) AWS Lambda
18 21 (0.55%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 278 (7.24%) HTTP
2 114 (2.97%) Internet
3 92 (2.39%) Kerberos
4 70 (1.82%) TCP/IP
5 63 (1.64%) SSL
6 52 (1.35%) LDAP
7 32 (0.83%) SMS
8 29 (0.75%) DNS
9 24 (0.62%) Intranet
10 23 (0.60%) Bluetooth
11 21 (0.55%) SSH
12 17 (0.44%) Firewall
12 17 (0.44%) OpenLDAP
12 17 (0.44%) Wi-Fi
13 16 (0.42%) AMQP
13 16 (0.42%) DSL
13 16 (0.42%) OpenVPN
14 15 (0.39%) LAN
15 11 (0.29%) HTTPS
15 11 (0.29%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 452 (11.76%) NoSQL
2 397 (10.33%) SQL Server
3 390 (10.15%) Relational Database
4 376 (9.79%) MongoDB
5 345 (8.98%) PostgreSQL
6 289 (7.52%) MySQL
7 286 (7.44%) Big Data
8 267 (6.95%) Hadoop
9 201 (5.23%) HBase
10 161 (4.19%) RDBMS
11 125 (3.25%) Apache Cassandra
12 78 (2.03%) Oracle Database
13 58 (1.51%) Redis
14 45 (1.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 41 (1.07%) Amazon RDS
16 35 (0.91%) Data Warehouse
17 32 (0.83%) SQL Server 2008
18 29 (0.75%) DB2
18 29 (0.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 28 (0.73%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 1039 (27.04%) Git (software)
2 819 (21.32%) Jenkins
3 639 (16.63%) JIRA
4 474 (12.34%) Maven
5 464 (12.08%) JUnit
6 364 (9.47%) Cucumber
7 240 (6.25%) Selenium
8 207 (5.39%) Subversion
9 194 (5.05%) Mockito
10 163 (4.24%) TeamCity
11 153 (3.98%) IntelliJ
12 140 (3.64%) Gradle
13 130 (3.38%) Eclipse
14 116 (3.02%) Ant
14 116 (3.02%) Bitbucket
15 111 (2.89%) Jasmine
16 107 (2.79%) Visual Studio
17 102 (2.65%) SonarQube
18 92 (2.39%) GitLab
19 91 (2.37%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 717 (18.66%) Finance
2 408 (10.62%) Banking
3 121 (3.15%) Retail
4 120 (3.12%) Telecoms
5 107 (2.79%) Marketing
6 82 (2.13%) Investment Banking
7 72 (1.87%) Games
8 70 (1.82%) Manufacturing
9 69 (1.80%) Front Office
10 55 (1.43%) Electronics
11 36 (0.94%) Publishing
12 35 (0.91%) Law
12 35 (0.91%) Legal
13 17 (0.44%) Advertising
13 17 (0.44%) Retail Banking
14 16 (0.42%) Financial Institution
15 14 (0.36%) Billing
15 14 (0.36%) Corporate Banking
16 12 (0.31%) Automotive
16 12 (0.31%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2650 (68.97%) Developer
2 1149 (29.91%) Java Developer
3 386 (10.05%) Architect
4 284 (7.39%) Senior Developer
5 270 (7.03%) .NET Developer
6 189 (4.92%) C# Developer
7 188 (4.89%) JavaScript Developer
8 176 (4.58%) Agile Developer
9 147 (3.83%) Senior Java Developer
10 144 (3.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 144 (3.75%) Scala Developer
11 138 (3.59%) Full Stack Developer
12 129 (3.36%) Java Engineer
12 129 (3.36%) Software Engineer
13 128 (3.33%) Web Developer
14 125 (3.25%) Angular Developer
15 123 (3.20%) Software Developer
16 111 (2.89%) C# .NET Developer
17 110 (2.86%) Agile Java Developer
18 108 (2.81%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1358 (35.35%) Web Services
2 1169 (30.43%) SOAP
3 1138 (29.62%) HTML
4 1056 (27.49%) Spring
5 963 (25.07%) CSS
6 957 (24.91%) JSON
7 747 (19.44%) AngularJS
8 656 (17.07%) XML
9 653 (17.00%) .NET
10 626 (16.29%) HTML5
11 480 (12.49%) Node.js
12 470 (12.23%) RESTful
13 439 (11.43%) Hibernate
14 412 (10.72%) Spring Boot
15 360 (9.37%) CSS3
16 342 (8.90%) jQuery
17 312 (8.12%) React
18 295 (7.68%) Ajax
19 278 (7.24%) Kafka
20 273 (7.11%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 244 (6.35%) User Experience
2 177 (4.61%) Greenfield Project
3 153 (3.98%) Computer Science
4 152 (3.96%) Mobile App
5 124 (3.23%) Analytical Skills
6 110 (2.86%) Algorithms
7 85 (2.21%) Enterprise Software
8 81 (2.11%) Linux Command Line
9 71 (1.85%) Data Structures
10 61 (1.59%) Fintech
11 41 (1.07%) iPad
12 39 (1.02%) Virtual Team
13 38 (0.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 34 (0.88%) PKI
15 32 (0.83%) N-Tier
16 30 (0.78%) CMDB
16 30 (0.78%) Equities
17 29 (0.75%) Client/Server
18 26 (0.68%) Management Information System
19 23 (0.60%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 699 (18.19%) Linux
2 317 (8.25%) Unix
3 177 (4.61%) Windows
4 162 (4.22%) Android
5 144 (3.75%) Apple iOS
6 96 (2.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 55 (1.43%) VMS
8 41 (1.07%) Mac OS X
9 33 (0.86%) CentOS
10 27 (0.70%) Ubuntu
11 21 (0.55%) HPUX
11 21 (0.55%) Solaris
12 15 (0.39%) Windows Server
13 8 (0.21%) AIX
14 7 (0.18%) CoreOS
14 7 (0.18%) Windows 7
15 6 (0.16%) Mac OS
15 6 (0.16%) Windows 8
15 6 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
16 4 (0.10%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2186 (56.90%) Agile Software Development
2 1311 (34.12%) TDD
3 957 (24.91%) Scrum
4 923 (24.02%) Microservices
5 807 (21.00%) Continuous Integration
6 748 (19.47%) Test Automation
7 679 (17.67%) BDD
8 664 (17.28%) MVC
9 465 (12.10%) DevOps
10 439 (11.43%) OO
11 391 (10.18%) Open Source
12 336 (8.75%) SOA
13 323 (8.41%) Unit Testing
14 322 (8.38%) Web Development
15 315 (8.20%) Software Engineering
16 290 (7.55%) Kanban
17 263 (6.85%) E-Commerce
18 249 (6.48%) Front End Development
19 235 (6.12%) API Development
20 223 (5.80%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2180 (56.74%) Java
2 1344 (34.98%) JavaScript
3 816 (21.24%) SQL
4 640 (16.66%) C#
5 428 (11.14%) Python
6 310 (8.07%) Scala
7 184 (4.79%) Ruby
8 140 (3.64%) Groovy
9 134 (3.49%) PHP
10 114 (2.97%) TypeScript
11 113 (2.94%) T-SQL
12 111 (2.89%) ES6
13 93 (2.42%) PowerShell
14 81 (2.11%) Bash Shell
15 80 (2.08%) Apple Swift
16 77 (2.00%) PL/SQL
17 67 (1.74%) Objective-C
18 58 (1.51%) XPath
19 57 (1.48%) Go
20 51 (1.33%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 308 (8.02%) Security Cleared
2 238 (6.19%) SC Cleared
3 203 (5.28%) Degree
4 80 (2.08%) Computer Science Degree
5 36 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
6 20 (0.52%) Numerate Degree
7 18 (0.47%) ISTQB
8 17 (0.44%) DBS Check
9 15 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
10 10 (0.26%) Master's Degree
11 7 (0.18%) DV Cleared
12 6 (0.16%) ISEB
12 6 (0.16%) MCSD
12 6 (0.16%) PMP
13 5 (0.13%) BC Cleared
14 4 (0.10%) CTC Cleared
14 4 (0.10%) MCP
15 3 (0.078%) CISSP
15 3 (0.078%) ITIL Certification
15 3 (0.078%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 237 (6.17%) QA
2 33 (0.86%) PCI DSS
3 31 (0.81%) Data Quality
4 23 (0.60%) GDPR
5 13 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
6 12 (0.31%) MiFID
6 12 (0.31%) WCAG
7 10 (0.26%) SLA
8 9 (0.23%) PSD2
9 7 (0.18%) GCP
10 4 (0.10%) FedRAMP
10 4 (0.10%) HL7
10 4 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 4 (0.10%) WAI
11 3 (0.078%) UCITS
12 2 (0.052%) COBIT
13 1 (0.026%) NIST 800
13 1 (0.026%) PMO
System Software
1 503 (13.09%) Docker
2 98 (2.55%) HDFS
3 77 (2.00%) Active Directory
4 75 (1.95%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 31 (0.81%) Virtual Machines
6 18 (0.47%) vCloud
6 18 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
7 16 (0.42%) Postfix
7 16 (0.42%) Squid
8 10 (0.26%) Firmware
9 9 (0.23%) LXC
10 8 (0.21%) oVirt
10 8 (0.21%) RHEV
11 6 (0.16%) vSphere
12 5 (0.13%) Apache Flume
12 5 (0.13%) OpenAM
12 5 (0.13%) OpenIDM
13 4 (0.10%) Varnish
13 4 (0.10%) VirtualBox
13 4 (0.10%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 219 (5.70%) Kubernetes
2 183 (4.76%) Puppet
3 164 (4.27%) Ansible
4 113 (2.94%) Terraform
5 82 (2.13%) Opscode Chef
6 44 (1.15%) Kibana
7 34 (0.88%) Hadoop YARN
8 24 (0.62%) Docker Swarm
9 21 (0.55%) Grafana
9 21 (0.55%) logstash
10 19 (0.49%) Rancher
11 18 (0.47%) ZABBIX
12 16 (0.42%) Rsyslog
12 16 (0.42%) Sysdig
13 11 (0.29%) Oozie
14 10 (0.26%) Graphite
14 10 (0.26%) Mesos
15 8 (0.21%) Business Desktop Deployment
15 8 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
16 7 (0.18%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 425 (11.06%) Oracle
2 326 (8.49%) Microsoft
3 126 (3.28%) IBM
4 118 (3.07%) Google
5 95 (2.47%) SAP
6 76 (1.98%) ServiceNow
7 75 (1.95%) Salesforce.com
8 74 (1.93%) Red Hat
9 53 (1.38%) VMware
10 51 (1.33%) Sybase
11 49 (1.28%) Atlassian
12 43 (1.12%) MuleSoft
13 42 (1.09%) TIBCO
14 40 (1.04%) Apigee
15 36 (0.94%) Sitecore
16 34 (0.88%) Apple
17 33 (0.86%) webMethods
18 30 (0.78%) Adobe
18 30 (0.78%) Splunk
19 29 (0.75%) hybris