Period
to 23 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 23 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 74 53 58
Rank change year-on-year -21 +5 +10
Contract jobs citing REST 2,146 4,240 3,726
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.96% 4.25% 3.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.87% 12.45% 11.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,410 2,911 2,700
UK median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £338
90th Percentile £650 £630 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 27 28
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.22% - +20.00%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £22.13
90th Percentile £74.75 £61.51 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £50.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +28.57%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,749 34,049 32,219
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.03% 34.16% 32.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,938 23,972 22,977
UK median daily rate £490 £478 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.62% +3.24% +8.82%
10th Percentile £330 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% +1.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 246 295 336
UK median hourly rate £42.75 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.01% +3.75% -
10th Percentile £19.26 £17.90 £18.00
90th Percentile £78.75 £60.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.25 £41.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +1.81% +3.75% +3.90%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 23 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 23 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -18 1,966 £520 +1.46% 886
London -14 1,132 £550 - 397
UK excluding London -33 947 £450 - 557
South East -37 267 £450 -5.26% 143
North of England -22 213 £425 -3.41% 159
Midlands -21 146 £466 +3.61% 84
South West -20 136 £450 - 56
Scotland -8 127 £475 +5.56% 46
West Midlands -12 113 £475 +5.56% 46
North West -17 95 £420 -1.18% 85
Yorkshire -10 81 £470 +4.44% 58
East of England -57 45 £538 +21.13% 47
North East +3 37 £425 -10.62% 16
East Midlands +5 33 £400 - 38
Wales -32 8 £525 +16.67% 19
Northern Ireland +1 7 £413 +26.92% 3

For the 6 months to 23 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 1,039 (48.42%) Agile Software Development
2 881 (41.05%) Java
3 728 (33.92%) JavaScript
4 614 (28.61%) Microservices
5 566 (26.37%) SOAP
6 546 (25.44%) Web Services
7 535 (24.93%) JSON
8 515 (24.00%) Git (software)
9 489 (22.79%) HTML
10 480 (22.37%) SQL
11 477 (22.23%) Spring
12 464 (21.62%) Docker
13 460 (21.44%) AWS
14 456 (21.25%) TDD
15 450 (20.97%) CSS
16 444 (20.69%) Scrum
17 426 (19.85%) AngularJS
18 424 (19.76%) DevOps
19 417 (19.43%) Jenkins
20 381 (17.75%) XML
21 332 (15.47%) Continuous Integration
22 326 (15.19%) Test Automation
23 319 (14.86%) C#
23 319 (14.86%) Python
24 313 (14.59%) Azure
25 305 (14.21%) SQL Server
26 298 (13.89%) Finance
27 295 (13.75%) React
28 294 (13.70%) Linux
29 291 (13.56%) Node.js

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 138 (6.43%) Confluence
2 125 (5.82%) Elasticsearch
3 70 (3.26%) Apache
4 52 (2.42%) Tomcat
5 51 (2.38%) WebLogic
6 46 (2.14%) SharePoint
7 45 (2.10%) JBoss
8 44 (2.05%) CMS
9 26 (1.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 25 (1.16%) nginx
11 22 (1.03%) Apache Spark
11 22 (1.03%) IIS
12 20 (0.93%) WebSphere
13 19 (0.89%) ArcGIS
14 18 (0.84%) MQSeries
15 16 (0.75%) Mule
15 16 (0.75%) Red Hat Fuse
16 13 (0.61%) SharePoint 2013
17 12 (0.56%) Drupal
18 9 (0.42%) WordPress
Applications
1 15 (0.70%) Photoshop
2 14 (0.65%) Chatbot
3 10 (0.47%) GIMP
4 8 (0.37%) InVision
5 7 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
6 6 (0.28%) Figma
6 6 (0.28%) MS Visio
7 5 (0.23%) InfoPath
8 4 (0.19%) InDesign
8 4 (0.19%) Sketch
9 3 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.093%) Microsoft Excel
11 1 (0.047%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 26 (1.21%) Remedy ITSM
2 17 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
3 11 (0.51%) Magento
4 9 (0.42%) NetSuite
5 8 (0.37%) thinkFolio
6 7 (0.33%) PeopleSoft HCM
7 5 (0.23%) R3 Corda
7 5 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
7 5 (0.23%) Shopify
8 4 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
8 4 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 4 (0.19%) Temenos T24
9 3 (0.14%) Eloqua
9 3 (0.14%) SAP MM
10 2 (0.093%) Distributed Ledger
10 2 (0.093%) Oracle Applications
10 2 (0.093%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.093%) Social Studio
11 1 (0.047%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 460 (21.44%) AWS
2 313 (14.59%) Azure
3 119 (5.55%) GitHub
4 115 (5.36%) GCP
5 93 (4.33%) Serverless
6 90 (4.19%) SaaS
7 62 (2.89%) Power Platform
8 50 (2.33%) Amazon EC2
9 48 (2.24%) PaaS
10 38 (1.77%) Azure Active Directory
11 36 (1.68%) Google Analytics
12 35 (1.63%) AWS Lambda
13 34 (1.58%) npm
14 32 (1.49%) Amazon SQS
14 32 (1.49%) OpenShift
15 30 (1.40%) Amazon S3
15 30 (1.40%) Azure Functions
16 29 (1.35%) IaaS
17 20 (0.93%) Slack
18 19 (0.89%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 200 (9.32%) HTTP
2 70 (3.26%) SSL
3 62 (2.89%) TCP/IP
4 32 (1.49%) HTTPS
5 30 (1.40%) SNMP
6 26 (1.21%) DNS
7 20 (0.93%) FTP
8 19 (0.89%) Firewall
8 19 (0.89%) SSH
9 17 (0.79%) DSL
10 14 (0.65%) MQTT
11 12 (0.56%) Internet
12 11 (0.51%) Kerberos
13 9 (0.42%) AMQP
14 7 (0.33%) VoIP
15 6 (0.28%) DHCP
15 6 (0.28%) Intranet
15 6 (0.28%) TETRA
15 6 (0.28%) VPN
16 5 (0.23%) DOCSIS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 305 (14.21%) SQL Server
2 184 (8.57%) NoSQL
3 179 (8.34%) PostgreSQL
4 172 (8.01%) MySQL
5 168 (7.83%) MongoDB
6 151 (7.04%) Relational Database
7 52 (2.42%) Power BI
8 50 (2.33%) Big Data
9 45 (2.10%) Redis
10 44 (2.05%) Data Warehouse
11 43 (2.00%) Amazon RDS
12 42 (1.96%) Apache Cassandra
13 41 (1.91%) RDBMS
13 41 (1.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 37 (1.72%) Cosmos DB
15 36 (1.68%) Oracle Database
16 28 (1.30%) Azure SQL Database
17 27 (1.26%) Hadoop
18 25 (1.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 24 (1.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 515 (24.00%) Git (software)
2 417 (19.43%) Jenkins
3 235 (10.95%) JIRA
4 210 (9.79%) JUnit
5 206 (9.60%) Maven
6 151 (7.04%) Selenium
7 131 (6.10%) Cucumber
8 116 (5.41%) Mockito
9 96 (4.47%) Gradle
10 74 (3.45%) GitLab
11 69 (3.22%) Bitbucket
12 68 (3.17%) gulp
13 55 (2.56%) Subversion
14 54 (2.52%) webpack
15 52 (2.42%) Gatling
16 51 (2.38%) SonarQube
17 46 (2.14%) Eclipse
18 45 (2.10%) Visual Studio
19 44 (2.05%) Postman
20 42 (1.96%) Jasmine
General
1 298 (13.89%) Finance
2 150 (6.99%) Public Sector
3 138 (6.43%) Banking
4 88 (4.10%) Retail
5 64 (2.98%) Marketing
6 41 (1.91%) Telecoms
7 38 (1.77%) Front Office
8 20 (0.93%) Games
9 15 (0.70%) Manufacturing
10 14 (0.65%) Advertising
10 14 (0.65%) Law
11 13 (0.61%) Investment Banking
11 13 (0.61%) Publishing
12 9 (0.42%) Back Office
13 7 (0.33%) Legal
14 6 (0.28%) Electronics
14 6 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
14 6 (0.28%) Retail Banking
15 5 (0.23%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.23%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,412 (65.80%) Developer
2 386 (17.99%) Java Developer
3 177 (8.25%) Architect
4 163 (7.60%) Senior Developer
5 124 (5.78%) React Developer
6 109 (5.08%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 106 (4.94%) .NET Developer
8 97 (4.52%) Full Stack Developer
9 90 (4.19%) Angular Developer
10 77 (3.59%) C# Developer
11 67 (3.12%) JavaScript Developer
11 67 (3.12%) Solutions Architect
12 63 (2.94%) Consultant
12 63 (2.94%) Senior Java Developer
13 60 (2.80%) Scala Developer
13 60 (2.80%) Software Engineer
14 56 (2.61%) Salesforce Developer
15 55 (2.56%) Android Developer
16 54 (2.52%) AWS Developer
17 51 (2.38%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 566 (26.37%) SOAP
2 546 (25.44%) Web Services
3 535 (24.93%) JSON
4 489 (22.79%) HTML
5 477 (22.23%) Spring
6 450 (20.97%) CSS
7 426 (19.85%) AngularJS
8 381 (17.75%) XML
9 295 (13.75%) React
10 291 (13.56%) Node.js
11 289 (13.47%) .NET
12 252 (11.74%) HTML5
13 225 (10.48%) Spring Boot
14 167 (7.78%) Kafka
15 159 (7.41%) CSS3
16 158 (7.36%) RESTful
17 131 (6.10%) Hibernate
18 121 (5.64%) jQuery
19 105 (4.89%) ASP.NET
20 102 (4.75%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 153 (7.13%) User Experience
2 131 (6.10%) Analytical Skills
3 96 (4.47%) Greenfield Project
4 92 (4.29%) Enterprise Software
5 80 (3.73%) Mobile App
6 63 (2.94%) Algorithms
7 44 (2.05%) Data Structures
8 38 (1.77%) Linux Command Line
9 36 (1.68%) PKI
10 33 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
11 32 (1.49%) Virtual Team
12 29 (1.35%) Management Information System
13 27 (1.26%) Fixed Income
14 26 (1.21%) Derivative
15 24 (1.12%) Client/Server
16 23 (1.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 21 (0.98%) iPad
18 15 (0.70%) Private Cloud
19 14 (0.65%) Public Cloud
20 13 (0.61%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 294 (13.70%) Linux
2 118 (5.50%) Unix
3 111 (5.17%) Windows
4 101 (4.71%) Android
5 98 (4.57%) Apple iOS
6 25 (1.16%) CentOS
6 25 (1.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 23 (1.07%) Mac OS X
8 19 (0.89%) Windows Server
9 14 (0.65%) Ubuntu
10 13 (0.61%) Mac OS
11 12 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
12 11 (0.51%) Embedded Linux
13 10 (0.47%) Solaris
14 5 (0.23%) VMS
15 3 (0.14%) Mac OS X Server
15 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.093%) Oracle Linux
17 1 (0.047%) HPUX
17 1 (0.047%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,039 (48.42%) Agile Software Development
2 614 (28.61%) Microservices
3 456 (21.25%) TDD
4 444 (20.69%) Scrum
5 424 (19.76%) DevOps
6 332 (15.47%) Continuous Integration
7 326 (15.19%) Test Automation
8 281 (13.09%) BDD
9 193 (8.99%) Problem-Solving
9 193 (8.99%) Software Engineering
10 187 (8.71%) MVC
11 165 (7.69%) Front End Development
12 164 (7.64%) Open Source
13 158 (7.36%) Kanban
14 153 (7.13%) Unit Testing
15 132 (6.15%) Web Development
16 123 (5.73%) OO
17 117 (5.45%) Mentoring
18 111 (5.17%) SOA
19 110 (5.13%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 881 (41.05%) Java
2 728 (33.92%) JavaScript
3 480 (22.37%) SQL
4 319 (14.86%) C#
4 319 (14.86%) Python
5 252 (11.74%) Java 8
6 139 (6.48%) TypeScript
7 121 (5.64%) Scala
8 104 (4.85%) PHP
9 84 (3.91%) Bash Shell
10 77 (3.59%) Shell Script
11 71 (3.31%) T-SQL
12 69 (3.22%) Apex Code
12 69 (3.22%) PowerShell
13 68 (3.17%) Ruby
14 66 (3.08%) Perl
15 59 (2.75%) PL/SQL
16 57 (2.66%) Groovy
17 55 (2.56%) Kotlin
18 48 (2.24%) ES6
Qualifications
1 212 (9.88%) Security Cleared
2 177 (8.25%) SC Cleared
3 121 (5.64%) Degree
4 46 (2.14%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (0.98%) DV Cleared
6 15 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
7 12 (0.56%) Master's Degree
8 9 (0.42%) CCNA
8 9 (0.42%) Cisco Certification
9 7 (0.33%) ISTQB
10 6 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 5 (0.23%) DBS Check
12 4 (0.19%) CCNP
12 4 (0.19%) CISSP
12 4 (0.19%) ISEB
12 4 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
12 4 (0.19%) OCPJP
12 4 (0.19%) RHCSA
13 3 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
13 3 (0.14%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 81 (3.77%) QA
2 27 (1.26%) WCAG
3 20 (0.93%) Data Quality
4 13 (0.61%) GDPR
5 7 (0.33%) SLA
6 6 (0.28%) MiFID
7 4 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.19%) RMADS
8 3 (0.14%) COBIT
8 3 (0.14%) Government Security Classifications
8 3 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 3 (0.14%) JSP 440
8 3 (0.14%) NCSC
8 3 (0.14%) PSD2
9 2 (0.093%) GxP
9 2 (0.093%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.093%) PMO
9 2 (0.093%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.047%) ISO 8583
10 1 (0.047%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 464 (21.62%) Docker
2 57 (2.66%) Active Directory
3 24 (1.12%) Postfix
4 13 (0.61%) VMware ESXi
5 10 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
6 8 (0.37%) NFS
7 6 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
8 5 (0.23%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.23%) VirtualBox
9 4 (0.19%) LXC
9 4 (0.19%) NDS
9 4 (0.19%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 3 (0.14%) OpenIDM
10 3 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (0.093%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 2 (0.093%) Firmware
11 2 (0.093%) HDFS
11 2 (0.093%) vSphere
12 1 (0.047%) KVM
12 1 (0.047%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 207 (9.65%) Kubernetes
2 75 (3.49%) Ansible
3 57 (2.66%) Puppet
4 53 (2.47%) Kibana
5 47 (2.19%) Terraform
6 34 (1.58%) Grafana
7 31 (1.44%) Opscode Chef
8 26 (1.21%) Netcool
9 25 (1.16%) Single Sign-On
10 23 (1.07%) Amdocs OSS
10 23 (1.07%) Netcool/OMNIbus
11 15 (0.70%) Docker Swarm
12 12 (0.56%) vCenter Server
13 11 (0.51%) MIIS
14 10 (0.47%) Jamf Pro
15 8 (0.37%) Norton AntiVirus
15 8 (0.37%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
16 7 (0.33%) HAProxy
17 6 (0.28%) Mesos
17 6 (0.28%) PowerCLI
Vendors
1 198 (9.23%) Oracle
2 176 (8.20%) Microsoft
3 144 (6.71%) Google
4 127 (5.92%) Salesforce.com
5 77 (3.59%) ServiceNow
6 60 (2.80%) IBM
7 55 (2.56%) MuleSoft
8 45 (2.10%) Cisco
9 40 (1.86%) Splunk
10 39 (1.82%) Red Hat
11 30 (1.40%) Apple
11 30 (1.40%) SAP
12 29 (1.35%) BMC
12 29 (1.35%) VMware
13 28 (1.30%) Remedy
14 27 (1.26%) Xamarin
15 24 (1.12%) Atlassian
15 24 (1.12%) webMethods
16 23 (1.07%) Cramer
16 23 (1.07%) Siebel