Period
to 19 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 19 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
19 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 61 74 54
Rank change year-on-year +13 -20 +5
Contract jobs citing REST 1,487 2,117 4,174
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.59% 2.95% 4.23%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.78% 9.83% 12.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,255 1,440 2,983
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £350 £363 £363
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £460 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +2.22% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 21 24
Median hourly rate £40.00 £52.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.08% +4.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £22.10 £46.00 £38.80
90th Percentile £45.00 £78.75 £66.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.47 £50.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year -53.06% - +11.11%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,628 21,529 33,790
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.45% 30.02% 34.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,874 15,111 24,068
Median daily rate £482 £495 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.58% +3.13% +3.84%
10th Percentile £313 £330 £325
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £445 £425
% change year-on-year -4.49% +4.71% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 149 200 267
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £41.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +7.54% +4.61%
10th Percentile £25.00 £17.11 £17.50
90th Percentile £63.35 £78.75 £60.00
Median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £41.92
% change year-on-year +2.22% +7.34% +4.81%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST.

Daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 19 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST.

Hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 19 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 19 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 1,226 £500 -2.44% 651
London +6 758 £525 -4.55% 298
UK excluding London +29 530 £460 +2.22% 396
Work from Home -10 357 £486 +16.12% 136
North of England +41 168 £475 +11.76% 106
South East +27 118 £468 +3.89% 79
Scotland +20 94 £425 -5.56% 29
Yorkshire +44 79 £450 -4.76% 39
North West +41 68 £473 +14.55% 56
Midlands -18 49 £485 +4.86% 75
South West +13 45 £413 -8.33% 38
East of England +58 34 £500 -6.98% 48
West Midlands -24 26 £513 +7.89% 53
East Midlands +26 24 £485 +31.08% 21
North East +20 21 £513 +25.00% 11
Wales +28 13 £500 -4.76% 15
Northern Ireland +11 9 £424 +2.79% 7

For the 6 months to 19 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 725 (48.76%) Agile Software Development
2 697 (46.87%) Java
3 483 (32.48%) Microservices
4 456 (30.67%) JavaScript
5 387 (26.03%) Spring
6 376 (25.29%) Git (software)
7 368 (24.75%) AWS
8 360 (24.21%) Jenkins
9 347 (23.34%) DevOps
10 346 (23.27%) SOAP
11 337 (22.66%) Web Services
11 337 (22.66%) HTML
12 315 (21.18%) SQL
13 302 (20.31%) Node.js
14 298 (20.04%) Python
15 297 (19.97%) Docker
16 286 (19.23%) Test Automation
17 280 (18.83%) Azure
18 279 (18.76%) JSON
19 272 (18.29%) CSS
20 269 (18.09%) TDD
21 264 (17.75%) Scrum
22 257 (17.28%) Finance
23 243 (16.34%) Kubernetes
24 233 (15.67%) Spring Boot
25 230 (15.47%) .NET
26 228 (15.33%) React
27 220 (14.79%) Linux
27 220 (14.79%) AngularJS
28 206 (13.85%) JIRA

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 140 (9.41%) Confluence
2 93 (6.25%) Mule
3 83 (5.58%) Red Hat Fuse
4 63 (4.24%) Apache
5 54 (3.63%) JBoss
6 45 (3.03%) Elasticsearch
7 42 (2.82%) SharePoint
8 37 (2.49%) Cloud Foundry
9 31 (2.08%) Tomcat
10 23 (1.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 23 (1.55%) WebSphere
11 22 (1.48%) CMS
12 19 (1.28%) IIS
13 17 (1.14%) Camunda
13 17 (1.14%) WebLogic
14 16 (1.08%) Anypoint
15 13 (0.87%) nginx
16 11 (0.74%) BizTalk Server
16 11 (0.74%) WebSphere Application Server
17 9 (0.61%) MQSeries
Applications
1 10 (0.67%) MS Visio
2 7 (0.47%) Chatbot
2 7 (0.47%) Figma
3 6 (0.40%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.27%) Adobe XD
5 3 (0.20%) Zeplin
6 2 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
6 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.13%) Sketch
6 2 (0.13%) SPSS
7 1 (0.067%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 14 (0.94%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.54%) Dynamics NAV
2 8 (0.54%) Oracle ERP
3 7 (0.47%) Magento
4 6 (0.40%) Oracle BPM
4 6 (0.40%) SAP Hybris
4 6 (0.40%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 5 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.34%) Maximo
6 4 (0.27%) BusinessWorks
6 4 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
7 3 (0.20%) Elite 3E
7 3 (0.20%) Oracle Utilities
8 2 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
8 2 (0.13%) Oracle BRM
8 2 (0.13%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.067%) Markit EDM
9 1 (0.067%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.067%) SAP CRM
9 1 (0.067%) SAP MDM
Cloud Services
1 368 (24.75%) AWS
2 280 (18.83%) Azure
3 171 (11.50%) GitHub
4 91 (6.12%) PaaS
5 69 (4.64%) Serverless
6 60 (4.03%) AWS CloudFormation
7 58 (3.90%) GCP
8 57 (3.83%) Slack
9 53 (3.56%) Amazon EKS
10 50 (3.36%) SaaS
11 44 (2.96%) IaaS
12 43 (2.89%) OpenShift
13 37 (2.49%) AWS Lambda
14 31 (2.08%) Amazon S3
15 30 (2.02%) Logic Apps
16 29 (1.95%) Amazon ECS
17 28 (1.88%) Cloud Computing
18 27 (1.82%) Power Platform
19 21 (1.41%) Amazon EC2
19 21 (1.41%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 84 (5.65%) HTTP
2 39 (2.62%) Firewall
3 31 (2.08%) SSL
3 31 (2.08%) TCP/IP
4 19 (1.28%) Internet
5 16 (1.08%) DNS
6 15 (1.01%) SNMP
6 15 (1.01%) VLAN
7 14 (0.94%) Reverse Proxy
8 11 (0.74%) SSH
9 10 (0.67%) FTP
10 9 (0.61%) Intranet
11 8 (0.54%) HTTPS
12 7 (0.47%) Network Security
12 7 (0.47%) WAN
13 6 (0.40%) AMQP
13 6 (0.40%) LAN
13 6 (0.40%) Wireless
14 5 (0.34%) SMTP
14 5 (0.34%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 142 (9.55%) NoSQL
2 133 (8.94%) SQL Server
3 125 (8.41%) Relational Database
4 119 (8.00%) MongoDB
5 105 (7.06%) MySQL
6 104 (6.99%) PostgreSQL
7 48 (3.23%) Data Warehouse
8 36 (2.42%) Redis
9 33 (2.22%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 31 (2.08%) Cosmos DB
11 28 (1.88%) RDBMS
12 26 (1.75%) Apache Cassandra
12 26 (1.75%) Big Data
12 26 (1.75%) Oracle Database
13 21 (1.41%) Power BI
14 18 (1.21%) Hadoop
15 17 (1.14%) Azure SQL Database
16 14 (0.94%) Amazon Aurora
17 13 (0.87%) Amazon RDS
17 13 (0.87%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 376 (25.29%) Git (software)
2 360 (24.21%) Jenkins
3 206 (13.85%) JIRA
4 163 (10.96%) Maven
5 133 (8.94%) JUnit
6 105 (7.06%) Cucumber
7 92 (6.19%) GitLab
7 92 (6.19%) Selenium
8 79 (5.31%) Sonatype Nexus
9 66 (4.44%) Subversion
10 55 (3.70%) Xcode
11 54 (3.63%) Mockito
12 51 (3.43%) Android Studio
13 47 (3.16%) Gradle
14 46 (3.09%) CocoaPods
15 45 (3.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 43 (2.89%) IntelliJ
17 40 (2.69%) Visual Studio
18 35 (2.35%) SonarQube
19 34 (2.29%) webpack
General
1 257 (17.28%) Finance
2 197 (13.25%) Banking
3 100 (6.72%) Public Sector
4 69 (4.64%) Investment Banking
5 59 (3.97%) Front Office
6 37 (2.49%) Retail
7 36 (2.42%) Marketing
8 22 (1.48%) Games
9 20 (1.34%) Telecoms
10 11 (0.74%) Advertising
10 11 (0.74%) Back Office
11 9 (0.61%) Retail Banking
12 8 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
13 7 (0.47%) Law
14 6 (0.40%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.34%) Manufacturing
16 4 (0.27%) Automotive
16 4 (0.27%) Local Government
17 3 (0.20%) Legal
18 2 (0.13%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 891 (59.92%) Developer
2 286 (19.23%) Java Developer
3 148 (9.95%) Architect
4 141 (9.48%) Senior Developer
5 134 (9.01%) Full Stack Developer
6 84 (5.65%) Senior Java Developer
7 82 (5.51%) React Developer
8 81 (5.45%) DevOps Engineer
9 77 (5.18%) .NET Developer
10 71 (4.77%) Solutions Architect
11 57 (3.83%) Angular Developer
12 52 (3.50%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 48 (3.23%) Consultant
14 46 (3.09%) Software Engineer
15 43 (2.89%) Integration Developer
16 42 (2.82%) Python Developer
17 40 (2.69%) AWS Developer
17 40 (2.69%) iOS Developer
18 38 (2.56%) C# Developer
18 38 (2.56%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 387 (26.03%) Spring
2 346 (23.27%) SOAP
3 337 (22.66%) HTML
3 337 (22.66%) Web Services
4 302 (20.31%) Node.js
5 279 (18.76%) JSON
6 272 (18.29%) CSS
7 233 (15.67%) Spring Boot
8 230 (15.47%) .NET
9 228 (15.33%) React
10 220 (14.79%) AngularJS
11 170 (11.43%) XML
12 164 (11.03%) HTML5
13 138 (9.28%) Middleware
14 107 (7.20%) Apache Camel
15 96 (6.46%) Hibernate
16 91 (6.12%) Redux
17 89 (5.99%) Kafka
18 86 (5.78%) jQuery
19 77 (5.18%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 117 (7.87%) Mobile App
2 81 (5.45%) User Experience
3 78 (5.25%) Analytical Skills
4 59 (3.97%) Enterprise Software
4 59 (3.97%) Greenfield Project
5 43 (2.89%) Clustering
6 29 (1.95%) Cloud Native
7 26 (1.75%) Data Structures
8 24 (1.61%) Management Information System
9 23 (1.55%) Algorithms
10 22 (1.48%) Public Cloud
11 20 (1.34%) Fixed Income
12 18 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
13 16 (1.08%) iPad
14 15 (1.01%) Enterprise Cloud
14 15 (1.01%) Private Cloud
14 15 (1.01%) Virtual Team
15 13 (0.87%) iPhone
16 12 (0.81%) Linux Command Line
17 10 (0.67%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 220 (14.79%) Linux
2 121 (8.14%) Android
3 116 (7.80%) Apple iOS
4 94 (6.32%) Windows
5 67 (4.51%) Unix
6 40 (2.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 21 (1.41%) Windows Server
8 20 (1.34%) CentOS
8 20 (1.34%) Windows Server 2016
9 19 (1.28%) Mac OS X
10 15 (1.01%) Windows 10
11 5 (0.34%) Solaris
11 5 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
12 4 (0.27%) Data ONTAP
13 3 (0.20%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.13%) Debian
14 2 (0.13%) Ubuntu
15 1 (0.067%) Amazon Linux
15 1 (0.067%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 725 (48.76%) Agile Software Development
2 483 (32.48%) Microservices
3 347 (23.34%) DevOps
4 286 (19.23%) Test Automation
5 269 (18.09%) TDD
6 264 (17.75%) Scrum
7 198 (13.32%) Continuous Integration
8 190 (12.78%) BDD
9 153 (10.29%) Software Engineering
10 142 (9.55%) OO
11 128 (8.61%) Open Source
12 121 (8.14%) Kanban
13 109 (7.33%) API Development
14 107 (7.20%) SDLC
15 105 (7.06%) Problem-Solving
16 97 (6.52%) Pair Programming
17 96 (6.46%) Data Modelling
17 96 (6.46%) Front End Development
17 96 (6.46%) Infrastructure as Code
18 95 (6.39%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 697 (46.87%) Java
2 456 (30.67%) JavaScript
3 315 (21.18%) SQL
4 298 (20.04%) Python
5 195 (13.11%) C#
6 193 (12.98%) Java 8
7 97 (6.52%) TypeScript
8 90 (6.05%) Bash Shell
9 89 (5.99%) Kotlin
10 86 (5.78%) PowerShell
11 80 (5.38%) Apple Swift
12 66 (4.44%) Go
13 57 (3.83%) ES6
14 40 (2.69%) C++
15 38 (2.56%) PL/SQL
16 37 (2.49%) Shell Script
17 34 (2.29%) PHP
18 32 (2.15%) Scala
19 27 (1.82%) C
20 25 (1.68%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 151 (10.15%) Security Cleared
2 127 (8.54%) SC Cleared
3 58 (3.90%) Degree
4 25 (1.68%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (1.01%) ISTQB
5 15 (1.01%) Master's Degree
6 11 (0.74%) DV Cleared
7 10 (0.67%) TOGAF Certification
8 9 (0.61%) BPSS Clearance
8 9 (0.61%) Cisco Certification
9 8 (0.54%) ISEB
10 7 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 6 (0.40%) DBS Check
12 5 (0.34%) AWS Certification
12 5 (0.34%) CCNA
12 5 (0.34%) CCNP
12 5 (0.34%) CISSP
13 3 (0.20%) CCIE
13 3 (0.20%) PMI Certification
13 3 (0.20%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 84 (5.65%) QA
2 16 (1.08%) NIST
3 11 (0.74%) WCAG
4 7 (0.47%) MiFID
5 5 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.27%) GDPR
7 3 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.13%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.13%) ISO 9001
8 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 2 (0.13%) SLA
9 1 (0.067%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.067%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 1 (0.067%) NCSC
9 1 (0.067%) PMO
System Software
1 297 (19.97%) Docker
2 43 (2.89%) Active Directory
3 24 (1.61%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (1.08%) Hyper-V
5 15 (1.01%) vSphere
6 8 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.40%) VMware NSX
8 3 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.20%) Postfix
9 2 (0.13%) KVM
9 2 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.13%) Samba
10 1 (0.067%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 1 (0.067%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.067%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 243 (16.34%) Kubernetes
2 150 (10.09%) Terraform
3 97 (6.52%) Ansible
4 46 (3.09%) Opscode Chef
5 43 (2.89%) Puppet
6 42 (2.82%) Grafana
7 28 (1.88%) Prometheus
8 23 (1.55%) Kibana
9 14 (0.94%) Packer
9 14 (0.94%) ZABBIX
10 13 (0.87%) Single Sign-On
11 8 (0.54%) CloudHub
11 8 (0.54%) Consul
11 8 (0.54%) PowerCLI
12 6 (0.40%) logstash
12 6 (0.40%) PingFederate
12 6 (0.40%) Salt
13 5 (0.34%) Nagios
14 4 (0.27%) HP SIM
14 4 (0.27%) Istio
Vendors
1 139 (9.35%) Oracle
2 92 (6.19%) Microsoft
3 87 (5.85%) Splunk
4 61 (4.10%) Google
5 60 (4.03%) Salesforce.com
6 58 (3.90%) AppDynamics
7 46 (3.09%) IBM
8 43 (2.89%) MuleSoft
9 42 (2.82%) ServiceNow
10 41 (2.76%) VMware
11 36 (2.42%) Atlassian
12 35 (2.35%) Red Hat
13 29 (1.95%) SAP
14 24 (1.61%) Dell
15 22 (1.48%) Sybase
16 20 (1.34%) TIBCO
17 16 (1.08%) Murex
18 14 (0.94%) Apple
18 14 (0.94%) EMC
19 13 (0.87%) Cisco