Period
to 17 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 17 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
17 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 61 56 62
Rank change year-on-year -5 +6 +11
Contract jobs citing REST 3,391 4,108 3,282
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.65% 3.96% 3.46%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.40% 11.70% 10.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,311 2,844 2,216
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
10th Percentile £364 £360 £325
90th Percentile £638 £613 £589
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 38 29
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.65% -5.56% +16.13%
10th Percentile £35.00 £20.98 £23.19
90th Percentile £60.00 £50.75 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +22.22% - +16.13%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,757 35,115 30,535
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.05% 33.88% 32.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,819 24,695 21,098
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.16% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £318 £305
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 327 367 385
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £18.68 £15.00 £15.05
90th Percentile £60.00 £58.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% -2.44% +9.33%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 17 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 3,081 £500 - 954
London -6 1,797 £538 +2.38% 429
UK excluding London -9 1,532 £450 - 584
South East -24 442 £450 -5.76% 184
North of England +8 351 £450 +4.65% 156
South West -13 196 £475 +11.76% 51
North West +23 189 £435 +8.61% 88
Scotland +7 173 £450 - 35
Midlands +14 162 £439 +3.85% 82
Yorkshire -2 133 £464 +3.06% 47
West Midlands +32 132 £448 +8.48% 41
East of England -32 110 £463 +2.78% 53
Wales +32 93 £450 +5.88% 21
North East +17 29 £425 -8.11% 21
East Midlands -12 28 £395 -7.06% 40
Northern Ireland -13 6 £475 +3.26% 2

For the 6 months to 17 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 1,892 (55.79%) Agile Software Development
2 1,502 (44.29%) Java
3 1,286 (37.92%) JavaScript
4 1,018 (30.02%) SOAP
5 1,009 (29.76%) Microservices
6 938 (27.66%) Git (software)
7 936 (27.60%) Web Services
8 899 (26.51%) TDD
9 844 (24.89%) HTML
10 795 (23.44%) SQL
11 787 (23.21%) JSON
12 784 (23.12%) Scrum
13 747 (22.03%) CSS
14 739 (21.79%) Spring
15 713 (21.03%) .NET
16 689 (20.32%) C#
17 648 (19.11%) Jenkins
18 613 (18.08%) Amazon AWS
19 600 (17.69%) DevOps
20 587 (17.31%) Microsoft Azure
21 582 (17.16%) XML
22 579 (17.07%) AngularJS
23 564 (16.63%) Finance
24 549 (16.19%) Docker
25 537 (15.84%) Test Automation
26 510 (15.04%) Node.js
27 485 (14.30%) BDD
28 468 (13.80%) Continuous Integration
29 453 (13.36%) JIRA
30 430 (12.68%) Java 8

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 297 (8.76%) Confluence
2 124 (3.66%) Apache
3 115 (3.39%) SharePoint
4 94 (2.77%) Elasticsearch
4 94 (2.77%) WebSphere
5 90 (2.65%) Tomcat
6 74 (2.18%) Mule
7 68 (2.01%) CMS
7 68 (2.01%) JBoss
8 56 (1.65%) Anypoint
9 43 (1.27%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 40 (1.18%) Apache Spark
11 38 (1.12%) Cloud Foundry
12 36 (1.06%) Apache Solr
13 33 (0.97%) Umbraco
14 31 (0.91%) SharePoint 2013
15 30 (0.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 30 (0.88%) WebLogic
16 27 (0.80%) IIS
17 24 (0.71%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 17 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (0.44%) MS Visio
3 14 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.18%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.088%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.088%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.059%) GIMP
7 1 (0.029%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.029%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.029%) OmniGraffle
7 1 (0.029%) Sketch
7 1 (0.029%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 68 (2.01%) Dynamics CRM
2 20 (0.59%) Adobe Campaign
3 16 (0.47%) Dynamics AX
4 14 (0.41%) Dynamics NAV
5 13 (0.38%) Remedy ITSM
6 12 (0.35%) Distributed Ledger
7 8 (0.24%) R3 Corda
7 8 (0.24%) SDL Web 8
8 7 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
9 6 (0.18%) BusinessWorks
9 6 (0.18%) Fredhopper
9 6 (0.18%) Magento
9 6 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
9 6 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 6 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
9 6 (0.18%) Workday HCM
10 4 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
10 4 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 3 (0.088%) NetSuite
12 2 (0.059%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 613 (18.08%) Amazon AWS
2 587 (17.31%) Microsoft Azure
3 177 (5.22%) GitHub
4 142 (4.19%) Google Cloud Platform
5 121 (3.57%) Serverless
6 91 (2.68%) SaaS
7 78 (2.30%) PaaS
8 72 (2.12%) Amazon EC2
8 72 (2.12%) Office 365
9 69 (2.03%) npm
10 61 (1.80%) Amazon SQS
11 58 (1.71%) Slack
12 57 (1.68%) OpenShift
13 50 (1.47%) Power Platform
14 49 (1.45%) Apigee
14 49 (1.45%) AWS Lambda
15 42 (1.24%) AWS CloudFormation
15 42 (1.24%) Dynamics 365
16 41 (1.21%) Amazon S3
17 34 (1.00%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 182 (5.37%) HTTP
2 55 (1.62%) SSL
3 49 (1.45%) FTP
4 46 (1.36%) TCP/IP
5 39 (1.15%) Firewall
6 32 (0.94%) DNS
7 21 (0.62%) Internet
8 20 (0.59%) HTTPS
9 18 (0.53%) WAN
10 15 (0.44%) AMQP
10 15 (0.44%) Kerberos
10 15 (0.44%) VPN
11 14 (0.41%) LAN
12 13 (0.38%) Bluetooth
12 13 (0.38%) NFC
13 12 (0.35%) Skype
14 11 (0.32%) SNMP
15 10 (0.29%) MQTT
15 10 (0.29%) Reverse Proxy
16 9 (0.27%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 406 (11.97%) SQL Server
2 299 (8.82%) NoSQL
3 264 (7.79%) PostgreSQL
4 259 (7.64%) MongoDB
5 225 (6.64%) Relational Database
6 142 (4.19%) MySQL
7 107 (3.16%) Big Data
8 105 (3.10%) Apache Cassandra
9 79 (2.33%) Amazon RDS
10 72 (2.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 69 (2.03%) Hadoop
12 62 (1.83%) Redis
13 52 (1.53%) RDBMS
14 51 (1.50%) Cosmos DB
15 45 (1.33%) Azure SQL Database
15 45 (1.33%) Power BI
16 44 (1.30%) DB2
17 43 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
17 43 (1.27%) Oracle Database
18 42 (1.24%) HBase
Development Applications
1 938 (27.66%) Git (software)
2 648 (19.11%) Jenkins
3 453 (13.36%) JIRA
4 315 (9.29%) Maven
5 251 (7.40%) JUnit
6 231 (6.81%) Selenium
7 214 (6.31%) Cucumber
8 139 (4.10%) Subversion
9 132 (3.89%) Visual Studio
10 129 (3.80%) Mockito
10 129 (3.80%) TeamCity
11 113 (3.33%) Bitbucket
12 102 (3.01%) Gradle
13 100 (2.95%) SonarQube
14 96 (2.83%) Team Foundation Server
15 92 (2.71%) Visual Studio Team System
16 84 (2.48%) Eclipse
17 76 (2.24%) Sonatype Nexus
18 75 (2.21%) gulp
19 74 (2.18%) webpack
General
1 564 (16.63%) Finance
2 320 (9.44%) Banking
3 99 (2.92%) Retail
4 87 (2.57%) Marketing
5 59 (1.74%) Front Office
6 53 (1.56%) Telecoms
7 41 (1.21%) Games
7 41 (1.21%) Law
8 40 (1.18%) Legal
9 35 (1.03%) Manufacturing
10 34 (1.00%) Investment Banking
11 30 (0.88%) Publishing
12 28 (0.83%) Advertising
13 24 (0.71%) Electronics
14 22 (0.65%) Back Office
15 20 (0.59%) Financial Institution
15 20 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
16 19 (0.56%) Retail Banking
17 12 (0.35%) German Language
18 10 (0.29%) French Language
Job Titles
1 2,311 (68.15%) Developer
2 704 (20.76%) Java Developer
3 337 (9.94%) Architect
4 311 (9.17%) .NET Developer
5 300 (8.85%) Senior Developer
6 239 (7.05%) Full Stack Developer
7 163 (4.81%) C# Developer
8 151 (4.45%) React Developer
9 137 (4.04%) Python Developer
10 134 (3.95%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 126 (3.72%) Solutions Architect
12 119 (3.51%) JavaScript Developer
13 112 (3.30%) C# .NET Developer
14 110 (3.24%) Angular Developer
15 107 (3.16%) Senior Java Developer
16 89 (2.62%) Analyst
17 88 (2.60%) Agile Developer
18 82 (2.42%) Android Developer
18 82 (2.42%) Web Developer
19 70 (2.06%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,018 (30.02%) SOAP
2 936 (27.60%) Web Services
3 844 (24.89%) HTML
4 787 (23.21%) JSON
5 747 (22.03%) CSS
6 739 (21.79%) Spring
7 713 (21.03%) .NET
8 582 (17.16%) XML
9 579 (17.07%) AngularJS
10 510 (15.04%) Node.js
11 426 (12.56%) React
12 367 (10.82%) Spring Boot
13 358 (10.56%) HTML5
14 297 (8.76%) RESTful
15 256 (7.55%) ASP.NET Web API
16 244 (7.20%) ASP.NET
17 233 (6.87%) .NET Framework
18 231 (6.81%) Kafka
19 217 (6.40%) jQuery
20 204 (6.02%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 231 (6.81%) User Experience
2 200 (5.90%) Mobile App
3 150 (4.42%) Analytical Skills
4 148 (4.36%) Enterprise Software
5 133 (3.92%) Greenfield Project
6 111 (3.27%) Algorithms
7 106 (3.13%) Data Structures
8 48 (1.42%) Data Centre
9 43 (1.27%) Linux Command Line
9 43 (1.27%) Public Cloud
9 43 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
10 42 (1.24%) N-Tier
11 39 (1.15%) Client/Server
11 39 (1.15%) Management Information System
12 37 (1.09%) Video on Demand
13 34 (1.00%) Hedge funds
14 27 (0.80%) PKI
14 27 (0.80%) Virtual Team
15 26 (0.77%) Video\Live Streaming
16 23 (0.68%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 398 (11.74%) Linux
2 179 (5.28%) Windows
3 169 (4.98%) Android
4 156 (4.60%) Unix
5 142 (4.19%) Apple iOS
6 37 (1.09%) Windows Server
7 28 (0.83%) Mac OS X
8 13 (0.38%) Mac OS
8 13 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 12 (0.35%) VMS
10 11 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
11 8 (0.24%) CentOS
11 8 (0.24%) Solaris
12 7 (0.21%) Fedora
13 6 (0.18%) Ubuntu
14 4 (0.12%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 1 (0.029%) AIX
15 1 (0.029%) Embedded Linux
15 1 (0.029%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,892 (55.79%) Agile Software Development
2 1,009 (29.76%) Microservices
3 899 (26.51%) TDD
4 784 (23.12%) Scrum
5 600 (17.69%) DevOps
6 537 (15.84%) Test Automation
7 485 (14.30%) BDD
8 468 (13.80%) Continuous Integration
9 423 (12.47%) MVC
10 349 (10.29%) Kanban
11 306 (9.02%) Unit Testing
12 267 (7.87%) Web Development
13 266 (7.84%) Software Engineering
14 238 (7.02%) SOA
15 233 (6.87%) OO
16 230 (6.78%) Front End Development
17 228 (6.72%) Problem-Solving
18 220 (6.49%) Open Source
19 201 (5.93%) SDLC
20 171 (5.04%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,502 (44.29%) Java
2 1,286 (37.92%) JavaScript
3 795 (23.44%) SQL
4 689 (20.32%) C#
5 430 (12.68%) Java 8
6 409 (12.06%) Python
7 204 (6.02%) TypeScript
8 137 (4.04%) ES6
9 124 (3.66%) Scala
10 100 (2.95%) Ruby
11 96 (2.83%) Bash Shell
12 95 (2.80%) PowerShell
13 80 (2.36%) PHP
14 71 (2.09%) Groovy
14 71 (2.09%) T-SQL
15 69 (2.03%) Go
16 65 (1.92%) Shell Script
17 64 (1.89%) Apex Code
18 54 (1.59%) Kotlin
18 54 (1.59%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 255 (7.52%) Security Cleared
2 196 (5.78%) SC Cleared
3 178 (5.25%) Degree
4 79 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 34 (1.00%) BPSS Clearance
6 24 (0.71%) Master's Degree
7 23 (0.68%) DV Cleared
8 17 (0.50%) CTC Cleared
9 16 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
10 14 (0.41%) ISTQB
11 13 (0.38%) ITIL Certification
11 13 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
12 9 (0.27%) CCNA
12 9 (0.27%) MCSA
12 9 (0.27%) MCSE
12 9 (0.27%) OCA
12 9 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
12 9 (0.27%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 8 (0.24%) CISSP
13 8 (0.24%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 171 (5.04%) QA
2 42 (1.24%) Data Quality
3 29 (0.86%) GDPR
4 15 (0.44%) WCAG
5 11 (0.32%) GxP
6 8 (0.24%) SEPA
7 7 (0.21%) PSD2
7 7 (0.21%) SLA
8 6 (0.18%) HL7
9 5 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 4 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
10 4 (0.12%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.088%) FATCA
11 3 (0.088%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 3 (0.088%) NIST
12 2 (0.059%) Dodd-Frank
12 2 (0.059%) EMIR
12 2 (0.059%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 2 (0.059%) MiFID
13 1 (0.029%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 549 (16.19%) Docker
2 45 (1.33%) Active Directory
3 25 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (0.68%) HDFS
5 15 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 9 (0.27%) Postfix
6 9 (0.27%) vSphere
7 5 (0.15%) Firmware
8 4 (0.12%) KVM
8 4 (0.12%) NFS
8 4 (0.12%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 3 (0.088%) Virtual Machines
10 2 (0.059%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.029%) iptables
Systems Management
1 294 (8.67%) Kubernetes
2 144 (4.25%) Ansible
3 93 (2.74%) Terraform
4 60 (1.77%) Puppet
5 44 (1.30%) Grafana
6 43 (1.27%) Opscode Chef
7 40 (1.18%) Single Sign-On
8 39 (1.15%) Kibana
9 21 (0.62%) Docker Swarm
9 21 (0.62%) logstash
10 14 (0.41%) PowerCLI
11 13 (0.38%) Tivoli
12 11 (0.32%) Consul
12 11 (0.32%) Graphite
12 11 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
12 11 (0.32%) ZABBIX
13 10 (0.29%) Hadoop YARN
14 9 (0.27%) SCOM
14 9 (0.27%) vCenter Server
15 8 (0.24%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 321 (9.47%) Oracle
2 306 (9.02%) Microsoft
3 195 (5.75%) Google
4 126 (3.72%) MuleSoft
5 124 (3.66%) Salesforce.com
6 94 (2.77%) IBM
7 79 (2.33%) SAP
8 75 (2.21%) Splunk
9 65 (1.92%) Atlassian
9 65 (1.92%) ServiceNow
10 43 (1.27%) Adobe
10 43 (1.27%) WSO2
11 40 (1.18%) Xamarin
12 37 (1.09%) AppDynamics
12 37 (1.09%) VMware
13 32 (0.94%) CA
14 28 (0.83%) hybris
15 27 (0.80%) Red Hat
16 23 (0.68%) Dell
17 22 (0.65%) Cisco