Period
to 4 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 4 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 69 61 59
Rank change year-on-year -8 -2 +5
Contract jobs citing REST 1,318 3,468 4,054
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.19% 3.71% 3.91%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.38% 11.49% 11.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 906 2,415 2,856
Median daily rate £503 £500 £490
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.50% +2.04% +8.89%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £356
90th Percentile £675 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 36 37
Median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.00% +17.65% -6.59%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.25 £55.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -21.37% +22.22% -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,703 30,178 34,838
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.76% 32.32% 33.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,536 21,139 24,456
Median daily rate £500 £490 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.04% +4.26% +4.44%
10th Percentile £333 £335 £315
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £415
% change year-on-year +2.27% +6.02% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 195 321 363
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +1.19% +2.44%
10th Percentile £22.50 £18.50 £15.00
90th Percentile £63.00 £60.00 £60.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% -2.44%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST.

Daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 4 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST.

Hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 4 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 1,212 £520 +4.00% 339
London +3 753 £550 +2.33% 126
UK excluding London -36 499 £475 +5.56% 233
North of England -11 132 £473 +5.00% 77
South East -31 118 £463 +2.78% 53
South West +10 99 £500 +5.26% 30
Work from Home +17 92 £475 +10.47% 56
North West -14 68 £463 +6.69% 47
Midlands +5 66 £428 -2.17% 34
Yorkshire -1 44 £455 +1.11% 23
Scotland -36 41 £500 +11.11% 13
West Midlands -15 38 £413 -6.25% 27
East of England -3 33 £525 +13.51% 21
East Midlands +51 28 £505 +29.49% 7
North East +23 19 £525 +11.70% 7
Wales -31 8 £450 -2.70% 5
Northern Ireland +13 2 - - 2

For the 6 months to 4 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 658 (49.92%) Agile Software Development
2 628 (47.65%) Java
3 437 (33.16%) SOAP
4 435 (33.00%) Web Services
5 387 (29.36%) Microservices
6 369 (28.00%) JavaScript
7 319 (24.20%) Git (software)
8 315 (23.90%) DevOps
9 311 (23.60%) AWS
10 303 (22.99%) SQL
11 292 (22.15%) JSON
12 275 (20.86%) Spring
13 270 (20.49%) Docker
14 267 (20.26%) XML
15 251 (19.04%) AngularJS
16 241 (18.29%) Jenkins
17 240 (18.21%) TDD
18 236 (17.91%) HTML
19 235 (17.83%) Security Cleared
20 233 (17.68%) Test Automation
21 225 (17.07%) Azure
21 225 (17.07%) Finance
22 216 (16.39%) CSS
23 204 (15.48%) Scrum
23 204 (15.48%) SC Cleared
24 203 (15.40%) C#
25 199 (15.10%) Python
26 198 (15.02%) BDD
27 186 (14.11%) Spring Boot
28 180 (13.66%) SQL Server

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 118 (8.95%) Elasticsearch
2 113 (8.57%) Confluence
3 60 (4.55%) Tomcat
4 53 (4.02%) WebLogic
5 51 (3.87%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 47 (3.57%) JBoss
7 43 (3.26%) Red Hat Fuse
8 39 (2.96%) Apache
9 24 (1.82%) CMS
9 24 (1.82%) Mule
10 19 (1.44%) MQSeries
10 19 (1.44%) NServiceBus
11 18 (1.37%) IIS
12 14 (1.06%) SharePoint
12 14 (1.06%) WebSphere
13 11 (0.83%) Drupal
14 10 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
15 9 (0.68%) SAS
16 7 (0.53%) BizTalk Server
16 7 (0.53%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 7 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.30%) Chatbot
3 4 (0.30%) Figma
4 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.076%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.076%) InVision
5 1 (0.076%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.076%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 22 (1.67%) Oracle ERP
2 18 (1.37%) Remedy ITSM
3 8 (0.61%) Magento
4 6 (0.46%) Shopify
5 5 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.38%) NetSuite
5 5 (0.38%) Oracle Applications
6 4 (0.30%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 2 (0.15%) Aligne
7 2 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.15%) Orchestrade
7 2 (0.15%) ResourceLink
7 2 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.15%) Siebel CRM
8 1 (0.076%) Maximo
8 1 (0.076%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.076%) Oracle EBS R12
8 1 (0.076%) Oracle Payables
8 1 (0.076%) Oracle Receivables
8 1 (0.076%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 311 (23.60%) AWS
2 225 (17.07%) Azure
3 78 (5.92%) GitHub
4 71 (5.39%) SaaS
5 63 (4.78%) GCP
5 63 (4.78%) Serverless
6 48 (3.64%) Amazon EC2
7 46 (3.49%) PaaS
8 38 (2.88%) AWS Lambda
9 35 (2.66%) Boomi
10 29 (2.20%) npm
10 29 (2.20%) OpenShift
11 28 (2.12%) Slack
12 26 (1.97%) Amazon S3
13 24 (1.82%) Power Platform
14 21 (1.59%) Amazon ECS
14 21 (1.59%) AWS CloudFormation
15 19 (1.44%) IaaS
15 19 (1.44%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
16 16 (1.21%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 93 (7.06%) HTTP
2 37 (2.81%) SSL
3 32 (2.43%) SNMP
4 30 (2.28%) DNS
4 30 (2.28%) TCP/IP
5 28 (2.12%) Firewall
6 20 (1.52%) FTP
6 20 (1.52%) HTTPS
7 19 (1.44%) Reverse Proxy
8 10 (0.76%) VLAN
8 10 (0.76%) VPN
9 8 (0.61%) Internet
9 8 (0.61%) SSH
10 5 (0.38%) DHCP
10 5 (0.38%) DKIM
10 5 (0.38%) DOCSIS
10 5 (0.38%) DSL
10 5 (0.38%) X.509
11 4 (0.30%) Kerberos
11 4 (0.30%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 180 (13.66%) SQL Server
2 92 (6.98%) MySQL
3 87 (6.60%) PostgreSQL
4 84 (6.37%) NoSQL
5 79 (5.99%) MongoDB
6 78 (5.92%) Relational Database
7 43 (3.26%) Big Data
8 41 (3.11%) Oracle Database
9 26 (1.97%) Amazon RDS
10 25 (1.90%) Oracle Database 11g
11 24 (1.82%) Power BI
12 22 (1.67%) Redis
13 19 (1.44%) Apache Cassandra
14 16 (1.21%) Oracle Database 12c
15 15 (1.14%) Data Warehouse
16 14 (1.06%) RDBMS
17 13 (0.99%) Oracle ODI
18 12 (0.91%) Hadoop
19 10 (0.76%) DB2
20 9 (0.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 319 (24.20%) Git (software)
2 241 (18.29%) Jenkins
3 159 (12.06%) JIRA
4 144 (10.93%) Selenium
5 125 (9.48%) Maven
6 123 (9.33%) JUnit
7 116 (8.80%) Cucumber
8 83 (6.30%) Gradle
9 67 (5.08%) Mockito
10 64 (4.86%) Postman
11 63 (4.78%) GitLab
12 61 (4.63%) SoapUI
13 55 (4.17%) Jasmine
14 46 (3.49%) WebDriver
15 44 (3.34%) Bitbucket
16 39 (2.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 39 (2.96%) Subversion
17 38 (2.88%) Team Foundation Server
18 37 (2.81%) Xcode
19 33 (2.50%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 225 (17.07%) Finance
2 128 (9.71%) Public Sector
3 100 (7.59%) Banking
4 46 (3.49%) Front Office
5 45 (3.41%) Marketing
6 33 (2.50%) Retail
7 25 (1.90%) Telecoms
8 22 (1.67%) Investment Banking
9 18 (1.37%) Manufacturing
10 16 (1.21%) Law
11 15 (1.14%) Retail Banking
12 14 (1.06%) Financial Institution
13 11 (0.83%) Back Office
14 10 (0.76%) Electronics
15 8 (0.61%) French Language
16 7 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
17 6 (0.46%) Games
18 5 (0.38%) Advertising
18 5 (0.38%) Local Government
18 5 (0.38%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 821 (62.29%) Developer
2 242 (18.36%) Java Developer
3 125 (9.48%) Architect
4 90 (6.83%) Senior Developer
5 69 (5.24%) .NET Developer
6 64 (4.86%) C# Developer
7 63 (4.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 58 (4.40%) Angular Developer
9 54 (4.10%) Full Stack Developer
10 53 (4.02%) JavaScript Developer
11 50 (3.79%) Backend Developer
12 48 (3.64%) React Developer
13 45 (3.41%) Salesforce Developer
14 43 (3.26%) Analyst
15 41 (3.11%) AWS Developer
16 34 (2.58%) Applications Developer
16 34 (2.58%) iOS Developer
16 34 (2.58%) Senior Java Developer
17 33 (2.50%) Python Developer
18 31 (2.35%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 437 (33.16%) SOAP
2 435 (33.00%) Web Services
3 292 (22.15%) JSON
4 275 (20.86%) Spring
5 267 (20.26%) XML
6 251 (19.04%) AngularJS
7 236 (17.91%) HTML
8 216 (16.39%) CSS
9 186 (14.11%) Spring Boot
10 169 (12.82%) .NET
11 168 (12.75%) Node.js
12 158 (11.99%) React
13 103 (7.81%) HTML5
14 82 (6.22%) Swagger
15 76 (5.77%) Hibernate
16 72 (5.46%) XSLT
17 71 (5.39%) .NET Framework
18 70 (5.31%) Middleware
18 70 (5.31%) Redux
18 70 (5.31%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 112 (8.50%) User Experience
2 77 (5.84%) Mobile App
3 74 (5.61%) Analytical Skills
4 53 (4.02%) Greenfield Project
5 44 (3.34%) Enterprise Software
6 34 (2.58%) Cloud Native
7 26 (1.97%) PKI
8 24 (1.82%) Public Cloud
9 21 (1.59%) Algorithms
10 20 (1.52%) Data Structures
11 16 (1.21%) Fixed Income
11 16 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
12 12 (0.91%) Data Centre
13 10 (0.76%) N-Tier
14 9 (0.68%) DataPower
14 9 (0.68%) iPad
14 9 (0.68%) Management Information System
15 8 (0.61%) Linux Command Line
15 8 (0.61%) Replication
15 8 (0.61%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 153 (11.61%) Linux
2 79 (5.99%) Windows
3 77 (5.84%) Unix
4 65 (4.93%) Android
5 64 (4.86%) Apple iOS
6 40 (3.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 29 (2.20%) Windows Server
8 14 (1.06%) Mac OS X
9 13 (0.99%) CentOS
10 9 (0.68%) Oracle Linux
10 9 (0.68%) Ubuntu
11 8 (0.61%) Windows 10
11 8 (0.61%) Windows Server 2016
12 7 (0.53%) Solaris
13 6 (0.46%) Amazon Linux
14 3 (0.23%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.15%) Debian
15 2 (0.15%) VMS
16 1 (0.076%) HPUX
16 1 (0.076%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 658 (49.92%) Agile Software Development
2 387 (29.36%) Microservices
3 315 (23.90%) DevOps
4 240 (18.21%) TDD
5 233 (17.68%) Test Automation
6 204 (15.48%) Scrum
7 198 (15.02%) BDD
8 155 (11.76%) Continuous Integration
9 128 (9.71%) Unit Testing
10 123 (9.33%) Open Source
11 119 (9.03%) Front End Development
12 118 (8.95%) Pair Programming
12 118 (8.95%) Software Engineering
13 105 (7.97%) SOA
14 90 (6.83%) Problem-Solving
15 77 (5.84%) API Design
16 76 (5.77%) Kanban
17 75 (5.69%) SDLC
18 73 (5.54%) Web Development
19 71 (5.39%) OO
Programming Languages
1 628 (47.65%) Java
2 369 (28.00%) JavaScript
3 303 (22.99%) SQL
4 203 (15.40%) C#
5 199 (15.10%) Python
6 144 (10.93%) Java 8
7 114 (8.65%) TypeScript
8 70 (5.31%) PL/SQL
9 64 (4.86%) Shell Script
10 53 (4.02%) PHP
11 49 (3.72%) PowerShell
12 38 (2.88%) Groovy
13 37 (2.81%) Bash Shell
14 36 (2.73%) ES6
15 35 (2.66%) T-SQL
16 33 (2.50%) Apex Code
16 33 (2.50%) Kotlin
17 32 (2.43%) Apple Swift
18 29 (2.20%) Perl
19 27 (2.05%) Go
Qualifications
1 235 (17.83%) Security Cleared
2 204 (15.48%) SC Cleared
3 60 (4.55%) Degree
4 33 (2.50%) Computer Science Degree
4 33 (2.50%) DV Cleared
5 10 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (0.53%) DBS Check
7 6 (0.46%) Cisco Certification
7 6 (0.46%) ISTQB
8 5 (0.38%) CCNA
8 5 (0.38%) CCNP
8 5 (0.38%) ISEB
8 5 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 5 (0.38%) Master's Degree
8 5 (0.38%) TOGAF Certification
9 3 (0.23%) SANS
10 2 (0.15%) OCP
10 2 (0.15%) Oracle Certification
11 1 (0.076%) CISSP
11 1 (0.076%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 91 (6.90%) QA
2 8 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 7 (0.53%) GDPR
3 7 (0.53%) WCAG
4 6 (0.46%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.38%) GxP
6 4 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.30%) MiFID
6 4 (0.30%) PSD2
7 3 (0.23%) Government Security Classifications
7 3 (0.23%) ISO 20022
7 3 (0.23%) NCSC
7 3 (0.23%) PMO
8 2 (0.15%) ISO 9001
8 2 (0.15%) SLA
9 1 (0.076%) HL7
9 1 (0.076%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.076%) RMADS
System Software
1 270 (20.49%) Docker
2 37 (2.81%) Active Directory
3 16 (1.21%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.99%) vSphere
5 11 (0.83%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (0.76%) NFS
7 8 (0.61%) Oracle RAC
8 6 (0.46%) OpenAM
8 6 (0.46%) OpenDJ
8 6 (0.46%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.23%) NDS
9 3 (0.23%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 2 (0.15%) GFS2
10 2 (0.15%) Postfix
10 2 (0.15%) Samba
10 2 (0.15%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.076%) HDFS
11 1 (0.076%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 178 (13.51%) Kubernetes
2 73 (5.54%) Terraform
3 58 (4.40%) Ansible
4 20 (1.52%) Single Sign-On
5 18 (1.37%) Amdocs OSS
5 18 (1.37%) Netcool
5 18 (1.37%) Netcool/OMNIbus
5 18 (1.37%) Opscode Chef
6 17 (1.29%) Puppet
7 14 (1.06%) Grafana
7 14 (1.06%) Kibana
8 11 (0.83%) Packer
9 10 (0.76%) Data Guard
9 10 (0.76%) Oracle RMAN
9 10 (0.76%) ZABBIX
10 9 (0.68%) Prometheus
11 8 (0.61%) vCenter Server
12 7 (0.53%) Docker Swarm
13 6 (0.46%) NetIQ Identity Manager
14 4 (0.30%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 179 (13.58%) Oracle
2 91 (6.90%) Microsoft
3 69 (5.24%) Salesforce.com
4 56 (4.25%) Google
5 55 (4.17%) Red Hat
6 49 (3.72%) Splunk
7 45 (3.41%) IBM
8 44 (3.34%) Dell
9 41 (3.11%) MuleSoft
10 36 (2.73%) ServiceNow
11 35 (2.66%) SAP
12 29 (2.20%) AppDynamics
13 28 (2.12%) Atlassian
13 28 (2.12%) VMware
14 24 (1.82%) Cisco
15 22 (1.67%) Sybase
16 20 (1.52%) Siebel
17 19 (1.44%) Remedy
18 18 (1.37%) BMC
18 18 (1.37%) Cramer