Period
to 3 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 3 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
3 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 71 53 60
Rank change year-on-year -18 +7 +9
Contract jobs citing REST 1,908 4,012 3,846
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.10% 4.16% 3.78%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.33% 12.67% 11.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,297 2,785 2,761
Median daily rate £520 £500 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.90% +4.17% +6.67%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £350
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 32 33
Median hourly rate £46.00 £50.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.00% +11.11% -10.00%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £21.25
90th Percentile £78.75 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.00 £50.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -8.00% +11.11% -10.00%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,469 31,673 32,816
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.99% 32.87% 32.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,521 22,350 23,177
Median daily rate £500 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +9.83%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £413
% change year-on-year +2.86% +6.06% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 249 303 328
Median hourly rate £35.00 £41.50 £41.21
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.66% +0.72% +1.74%
10th Percentile £20.50 £18.50 £18.03
90th Percentile £68.75 £60.00 £59.13
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.81
% change year-on-year -17.65% +1.66% +4.51%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST.

Daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 3 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST.

Hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 3 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 3 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 1,755 £525 +5.00% 589
London -8 1,030 £550 +2.33% 269
UK excluding London -29 821 £475 +5.56% 351
South East -35 209 £463 - 120
North of England -18 194 £425 -5.56% 74
Midlands -3 133 £481 +6.94% 54
South West -26 133 £500 +5.26% 39
West Midlands +1 100 £456 +1.39% 38
North West -22 97 £416 -2.63% 43
Scotland -11 94 £475 +11.76% 17
Yorkshire -7 66 £438 -6.91% 28
Work from Home -15 52 £475 +5.56% 62
East of England -38 45 £550 +26.44% 31
East Midlands +25 33 £500 +5.26% 16
North East +14 31 £430 -7.53% 3
Wales -38 8 £513 +2.24% 10
Northern Ireland +2 5 £413 +26.92% 6

For the 6 months to 3 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 898 (47.06%) Agile Software Development
2 849 (44.50%) Java
3 599 (31.39%) JavaScript
4 584 (30.61%) Web Services
5 583 (30.56%) SOAP
6 579 (30.35%) Microservices
7 452 (23.69%) AWS
8 437 (22.90%) Git (software)
9 429 (22.48%) Spring
10 428 (22.43%) JSON
11 423 (22.17%) SQL
12 412 (21.59%) HTML
13 411 (21.54%) Docker
14 385 (20.18%) AngularJS
15 377 (19.76%) TDD
16 374 (19.60%) Scrum
17 373 (19.55%) CSS
18 360 (18.87%) DevOps
19 359 (18.82%) XML
20 341 (17.87%) Jenkins
21 291 (15.25%) Test Automation
22 287 (15.04%) Azure
23 279 (14.62%) Node.js
24 274 (14.36%) Continuous Integration
25 262 (13.73%) C#
25 262 (13.73%) React
26 261 (13.68%) BDD
27 260 (13.63%) Finance
28 257 (13.47%) SQL Server
28 257 (13.47%) Python

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 138 (7.23%) Elasticsearch
2 122 (6.39%) Confluence
3 64 (3.35%) WebLogic
4 56 (2.94%) Apache
4 56 (2.94%) Tomcat
5 46 (2.41%) JBoss
6 45 (2.36%) CMS
6 45 (2.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 31 (1.62%) Red Hat Fuse
7 31 (1.62%) SharePoint
8 26 (1.36%) MQSeries
9 22 (1.15%) IIS
9 22 (1.15%) WebSphere
10 16 (0.84%) SAS
11 14 (0.73%) Apache Spark
11 14 (0.73%) nginx
12 13 (0.68%) Drupal
13 8 (0.42%) Apache ServiceMix
13 8 (0.42%) ArcGIS
13 8 (0.42%) Mule
Applications
1 14 (0.73%) Chatbot
2 8 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.42%) Photoshop
3 7 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.26%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.21%) Figma
5 4 (0.21%) InDesign
6 3 (0.16%) GIMP
6 3 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.052%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.052%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.052%) InVision
7 1 (0.052%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 37 (1.94%) Remedy ITSM
2 16 (0.84%) Magento
3 7 (0.37%) Oracle ERP
3 7 (0.37%) PeopleSoft HCM
4 6 (0.31%) NetSuite
4 6 (0.31%) Shopify
5 5 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 4 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
6 4 (0.21%) thinkFolio
7 3 (0.16%) Eloqua
7 3 (0.16%) R3 Corda
7 3 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.16%) SAP MM
7 3 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.10%) ResourceLink
8 2 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 1 (0.052%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 452 (23.69%) AWS
2 287 (15.04%) Azure
3 101 (5.29%) GitHub
4 90 (4.72%) GCP
5 86 (4.51%) SaaS
6 75 (3.93%) Serverless
7 63 (3.30%) Amazon EC2
8 42 (2.20%) AWS Lambda
9 40 (2.10%) Boomi
9 40 (2.10%) PaaS
10 38 (1.99%) OpenShift
10 38 (1.99%) Power Platform
11 37 (1.94%) Amazon S3
12 31 (1.62%) Azure Active Directory
13 30 (1.57%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
13 30 (1.57%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 28 (1.47%) Amazon SQS
14 28 (1.47%) npm
15 22 (1.15%) Google Analytics
15 22 (1.15%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 172 (9.01%) HTTP
2 59 (3.09%) SSL
3 51 (2.67%) TCP/IP
4 45 (2.36%) SNMP
5 32 (1.68%) HTTPS
6 24 (1.26%) Firewall
6 24 (1.26%) FTP
7 17 (0.89%) DNS
7 17 (0.89%) DSL
8 13 (0.68%) Internet
8 13 (0.68%) SSH
9 10 (0.52%) AMQP
9 10 (0.52%) DHCP
10 8 (0.42%) DOCSIS
10 8 (0.42%) MQTT
10 8 (0.42%) VPN
11 7 (0.37%) Kerberos
12 6 (0.31%) Reverse Proxy
13 5 (0.26%) BGP
13 5 (0.26%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 257 (13.47%) SQL Server
2 157 (8.23%) NoSQL
3 154 (8.07%) MySQL
4 132 (6.92%) MongoDB
5 129 (6.76%) PostgreSQL
6 121 (6.34%) Relational Database
7 54 (2.83%) Big Data
8 51 (2.67%) Redis
9 45 (2.36%) Oracle Database
10 42 (2.20%) Amazon RDS
11 35 (1.83%) Apache Cassandra
12 32 (1.68%) RDBMS
13 29 (1.52%) Power BI
14 26 (1.36%) Data Warehouse
15 25 (1.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 20 (1.05%) Oracle Database 11g
17 16 (0.84%) Azure SQL Database
17 16 (0.84%) DB2
17 16 (0.84%) Hadoop
18 14 (0.73%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 437 (22.90%) Git (software)
2 341 (17.87%) Jenkins
3 210 (11.01%) Maven
4 202 (10.59%) JIRA
5 200 (10.48%) JUnit
6 151 (7.91%) Selenium
7 139 (7.29%) Cucumber
8 121 (6.34%) Gradle
9 105 (5.50%) Mockito
10 64 (3.35%) GitLab
11 62 (3.25%) Bitbucket
12 56 (2.94%) Postman
13 54 (2.83%) SonarQube
14 52 (2.73%) Eclipse
14 52 (2.73%) Jasmine
14 52 (2.73%) Subversion
15 51 (2.67%) SoapUI
16 46 (2.41%) WebDriver
17 45 (2.36%) TeamCity
18 44 (2.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 260 (13.63%) Finance
2 169 (8.86%) Public Sector
3 114 (5.97%) Banking
4 72 (3.77%) Marketing
4 72 (3.77%) Retail
5 47 (2.46%) Front Office
6 35 (1.83%) Telecoms
7 18 (0.94%) Games
7 18 (0.94%) Law
8 15 (0.79%) Back Office
8 15 (0.79%) Manufacturing
9 13 (0.68%) Investment Banking
10 12 (0.63%) Retail Banking
11 9 (0.47%) Publishing
12 8 (0.42%) Advertising
12 8 (0.42%) Electronics
12 8 (0.42%) Financial Institution
12 8 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
13 5 (0.26%) Legal
13 5 (0.26%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,208 (63.31%) Developer
2 356 (18.66%) Java Developer
3 178 (9.33%) Architect
4 144 (7.55%) Senior Developer
5 94 (4.93%) React Developer
6 89 (4.66%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 87 (4.56%) Full Stack Developer
8 86 (4.51%) .NET Developer
9 84 (4.40%) Angular Developer
10 75 (3.93%) C# Developer
11 74 (3.88%) Salesforce Developer
12 70 (3.67%) JavaScript Developer
13 57 (2.99%) Backend Developer
14 55 (2.88%) Consultant
14 55 (2.88%) Software Engineer
15 54 (2.83%) Senior Java Developer
15 54 (2.83%) Solutions Architect
16 52 (2.73%) AWS Developer
17 50 (2.62%) Node.js Developer
18 48 (2.52%) Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 584 (30.61%) Web Services
2 583 (30.56%) SOAP
3 429 (22.48%) Spring
4 428 (22.43%) JSON
5 412 (21.59%) HTML
6 385 (20.18%) AngularJS
7 373 (19.55%) CSS
8 359 (18.82%) XML
9 279 (14.62%) Node.js
10 262 (13.73%) React
11 246 (12.89%) Spring Boot
12 235 (12.32%) .NET
13 206 (10.80%) HTML5
14 125 (6.55%) Kafka
15 122 (6.39%) CSS3
16 118 (6.18%) RESTful
17 114 (5.97%) Hibernate
18 98 (5.14%) Middleware
19 97 (5.08%) Swagger
20 94 (4.93%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 146 (7.65%) User Experience
2 115 (6.03%) Analytical Skills
3 99 (5.19%) Greenfield Project
4 76 (3.98%) Enterprise Software
5 60 (3.14%) Mobile App
6 44 (2.31%) PKI
7 41 (2.15%) Algorithms
8 36 (1.89%) Data Structures
9 28 (1.47%) Self-Motivation
10 22 (1.15%) Fixed Income
10 22 (1.15%) Public Cloud
11 20 (1.05%) Virtual Team
12 16 (0.84%) Data Centre
12 16 (0.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 16 (0.84%) iPad
13 15 (0.79%) N-Tier
14 14 (0.73%) Cloud Native
14 14 (0.73%) Linux Command Line
15 12 (0.63%) Derivative
15 12 (0.63%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 246 (12.89%) Linux
2 126 (6.60%) Unix
3 106 (5.56%) Windows
4 73 (3.83%) Android
5 70 (3.67%) Apple iOS
6 42 (2.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 31 (1.62%) Windows Server
8 20 (1.05%) CentOS
9 15 (0.79%) Mac OS X
10 12 (0.63%) Ubuntu
11 11 (0.58%) Solaris
12 9 (0.47%) Mac OS
13 6 (0.31%) Oracle Linux
13 6 (0.31%) Windows Server 2016
14 5 (0.26%) Amazon Linux
15 4 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
15 4 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
16 3 (0.16%) VMS
16 3 (0.16%) Windows 10
16 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 898 (47.06%) Agile Software Development
2 579 (30.35%) Microservices
3 377 (19.76%) TDD
4 374 (19.60%) Scrum
5 360 (18.87%) DevOps
6 291 (15.25%) Test Automation
7 274 (14.36%) Continuous Integration
8 261 (13.68%) BDD
9 166 (8.70%) Open Source
9 166 (8.70%) Software Engineering
10 164 (8.60%) Problem-Solving
11 160 (8.39%) Front End Development
12 149 (7.81%) Unit Testing
13 146 (7.65%) MVC
14 129 (6.76%) SOA
15 128 (6.71%) Kanban
16 127 (6.66%) Web Development
17 115 (6.03%) OO
18 113 (5.92%) Pair Programming
19 110 (5.77%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 849 (44.50%) Java
2 599 (31.39%) JavaScript
3 423 (22.17%) SQL
4 262 (13.73%) C#
5 257 (13.47%) Python
6 233 (12.21%) Java 8
7 144 (7.55%) TypeScript
8 103 (5.40%) PHP
9 93 (4.87%) Shell Script
10 86 (4.51%) Scala
11 85 (4.45%) PL/SQL
12 74 (3.88%) Bash Shell
13 67 (3.51%) PowerShell
14 64 (3.35%) Apex Code
15 62 (3.25%) Perl
16 56 (2.94%) T-SQL
17 54 (2.83%) Ruby
18 53 (2.78%) Groovy
19 39 (2.04%) Kotlin
20 37 (1.94%) ES6
Qualifications
1 232 (12.16%) Security Cleared
2 194 (10.17%) SC Cleared
3 79 (4.14%) Degree
4 44 (2.31%) Computer Science Degree
5 27 (1.42%) DV Cleared
6 13 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
7 11 (0.58%) Master's Degree
8 10 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
9 9 (0.47%) CCNA
9 9 (0.47%) DBS Check
9 9 (0.47%) ISTQB
10 7 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 5 (0.26%) CCNP
11 5 (0.26%) ISEB
11 5 (0.26%) SANS
12 4 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
12 4 (0.21%) OCPJP
13 3 (0.16%) CISSP
13 3 (0.16%) MCSE
13 3 (0.16%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 90 (4.72%) QA
2 23 (1.21%) WCAG
3 14 (0.73%) GDPR
4 10 (0.52%) Data Quality
4 10 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 5 (0.26%) GxP
6 4 (0.21%) ISO 20022
6 4 (0.21%) MiFID
6 4 (0.21%) RMADS
6 4 (0.21%) SLA
7 3 (0.16%) Government Security Classifications
7 3 (0.16%) JSP 440
7 3 (0.16%) NCSC
7 3 (0.16%) PMO
8 2 (0.10%) HL7
9 1 (0.052%) COBIT
9 1 (0.052%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.052%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.052%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.052%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 411 (21.54%) Docker
2 54 (2.83%) Active Directory
3 21 (1.10%) Postfix
4 13 (0.68%) NFS
4 13 (0.68%) VMware ESXi
5 10 (0.52%) Oracle RAC
5 10 (0.52%) VMware Infrastructure
6 8 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.31%) OpenAM
7 6 (0.31%) OpenDJ
7 6 (0.31%) vSphere
8 4 (0.21%) NDS
8 4 (0.21%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 3 (0.16%) OpenIDM
10 2 (0.10%) GFS2
10 2 (0.10%) Hyper-V
10 2 (0.10%) LXC
10 2 (0.10%) Samba
10 2 (0.10%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.052%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 233 (12.21%) Kubernetes
2 70 (3.67%) Ansible
2 70 (3.67%) Terraform
3 40 (2.10%) Puppet
4 39 (2.04%) Kibana
5 37 (1.94%) Netcool
6 35 (1.83%) Amdocs OSS
6 35 (1.83%) Netcool/OMNIbus
7 33 (1.73%) Opscode Chef
8 25 (1.31%) Single Sign-On
9 22 (1.15%) Grafana
10 16 (0.84%) vCenter Server
11 12 (0.63%) Oracle RMAN
12 11 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
13 10 (0.52%) Data Guard
14 9 (0.47%) PowerCLI
15 7 (0.37%) Jamf Pro
15 7 (0.37%) Norton AntiVirus
15 7 (0.37%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
16 6 (0.31%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 220 (11.53%) Oracle
2 125 (6.55%) Microsoft
3 121 (6.34%) Salesforce.com
4 111 (5.82%) Google
5 79 (4.14%) IBM
6 64 (3.35%) Red Hat
7 56 (2.94%) ServiceNow
8 51 (2.67%) MuleSoft
9 43 (2.25%) SAP
10 40 (2.10%) Cisco
10 40 (2.10%) Dell
11 39 (2.04%) Remedy
12 37 (1.94%) BMC
13 36 (1.89%) Splunk
14 35 (1.83%) Cramer
14 35 (1.83%) Siebel
14 35 (1.83%) xMatters
15 31 (1.62%) VMware
16 27 (1.42%) Apple
16 27 (1.42%) Atlassian