Period
to 23 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 23 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
23 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 55 71 119
Rank change year-on-year +16 +48 +41
Contract jobs citing REST 3459 3171 2078
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.60% 2.93% 1.85%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.19% 10.17% 6.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 2365 2185 1463
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £338 £319 £313
90th Percentile £625 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £413
% change year-on-year - +3.03% +14.58%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 20 15
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £34.70 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +29.68% -18.35% +4.94%
10th Percentile £22.35 £19.23 £29.60
90th Percentile £57.50 £49.63 £57.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £38.13 £42.50
% change year-on-year +18.03% -10.29% +4.94%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30904 31195 30918
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.18% 28.85% 27.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 21330 21821 20570
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £308 £294 £269
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £385 £375
% change year-on-year +3.90% +2.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 385 373 479
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £36.50 £37.04
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.59% -1.46% +5.83%
10th Percentile £15.03 £12.25 £15.03
90th Percentile £52.80 £50.00 £52.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £37.04
% change year-on-year +11.11% -2.81% +8.94%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 23 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 23 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 23 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +18 3326 £471 +4.67% 487
London +9 1882 £500 +5.26% 258
UK excluding London +16 1517 £425 - 245
South East +28 668 £425 -2.30% 49
North of England +27 293 £425 - 79
Midlands -5 170 £425 +3.79% 26
South West -6 156 £400 +1.59% 39
East of England -20 140 £425 +6.25% 33
North West +20 129 £423 +4.38% 55
Yorkshire +4 129 £430 +1.18% 21
West Midlands +5 117 £500 +25.00% 9
Scotland -2 73 £388 -7.74% 15
East Midlands -5 53 £400 -6.43% 17
North East +76 38 £475 +26.67% 3
Northern Ireland -40 12 £413 - 3
Wales -23 11 £500 +0.50% 1

For the 6 months to 23 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for REST.

1 1980 (57.24%) Agile Software Development
2 1912 (55.28%) Java
3 1224 (35.39%) Web Services
4 1158 (33.48%) JavaScript
4 1158 (33.48%) TDD
5 1051 (30.38%) SOAP
6 1034 (29.89%) HTML
7 980 (28.33%) Spring
8 908 (26.25%) CSS
9 904 (26.13%) Scrum
10 894 (25.85%) Git (software)
11 889 (25.70%) JSON
12 767 (22.17%) SQL
13 750 (21.68%) Microservices
14 746 (21.57%) Jenkins
15 737 (21.31%) Continuous Integration
16 710 (20.53%) AngularJS
17 673 (19.46%) Finance
18 665 (19.23%) Test Automation
19 657 (18.99%) Linux
20 631 (18.24%) MVC
21 614 (17.75%) C#
21 614 (17.75%) HTML5
22 586 (16.94%) BDD
22 586 (16.94%) .NET
23 572 (16.54%) XML
24 525 (15.18%) JIRA
25 496 (14.34%) DevOps
26 486 (14.05%) Amazon AWS
27 485 (14.02%) Python

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 336 (9.71%) Confluence
2 201 (5.81%) Apache
3 186 (5.38%) JBoss
4 159 (4.60%) Elasticsearch
4 159 (4.60%) Tomcat
5 136 (3.93%) Apache Spark
6 112 (3.24%) WebSphere
7 96 (2.78%) WebLogic
8 91 (2.63%) Apache Solr
9 84 (2.43%) CMS
10 52 (1.50%) Mule
11 49 (1.42%) SharePoint
12 48 (1.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 44 (1.27%) Cloud Foundry
14 41 (1.19%) IIS
15 35 (1.01%) SAS
16 32 (0.93%) Drupal
17 31 (0.90%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 30 (0.87%) WebSphere Application Server
19 29 (0.84%) nginx
Applications
1 30 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.49%) Photoshop
3 14 (0.40%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
5 8 (0.23%) Chatbot
6 6 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
6 6 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.17%) OmniGraffle
7 4 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.058%) InfoPath
8 2 (0.058%) SPSS
9 1 (0.029%) Fireworks
9 1 (0.029%) GIMP
9 1 (0.029%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 28 (0.81%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
3 10 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
4 8 (0.23%) BusinessWorks
5 7 (0.20%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 7 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
5 7 (0.20%) SDL Web 8
6 6 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
6 6 (0.17%) SAP WM
7 5 (0.14%) Oracle 11i
8 4 (0.12%) RMDS
9 3 (0.087%) Pega PRPC
9 3 (0.087%) Radian6
9 3 (0.087%) SAP CRM
9 3 (0.087%) Social Studio
10 2 (0.058%) Oracle Cash Management
10 2 (0.058%) Oracle CRM
10 2 (0.058%) Oracle ERP
10 2 (0.058%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.058%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 486 (14.05%) Amazon AWS
2 215 (6.22%) Microsoft Azure
3 164 (4.74%) GitHub
4 105 (3.04%) SaaS
5 84 (2.43%) PaaS
6 67 (1.94%) Amazon EC2
6 67 (1.94%) Amazon S3
7 53 (1.53%) OpenShift
8 45 (1.30%) Heroku
9 39 (1.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 39 (1.13%) Cloud Computing
9 39 (1.13%) IaaS
10 30 (0.87%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 25 (0.72%) AWS Lambda
11 25 (0.72%) Google Cloud Platform
11 25 (0.72%) Office 365
11 25 (0.72%) Slack
12 23 (0.66%) Amazon ELB
13 22 (0.64%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 19 (0.55%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 306 (8.85%) HTTP
2 118 (3.41%) Internet
3 69 (1.99%) Kerberos
4 68 (1.97%) LDAP
5 51 (1.47%) SSL
5 51 (1.47%) TCP/IP
6 34 (0.98%) DNS
7 27 (0.78%) SSH
8 24 (0.69%) Intranet
9 23 (0.66%) SMS
10 18 (0.52%) OpenLDAP
10 18 (0.52%) OpenVPN
11 14 (0.40%) AMQP
11 14 (0.40%) DSL
11 14 (0.40%) Firewall
12 13 (0.38%) SNMP
13 12 (0.35%) Bluetooth
14 11 (0.32%) VPN
15 10 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
16 7 (0.20%) MVNO
Database & Business Intelligence
1 392 (11.33%) SQL Server
2 373 (10.78%) Relational Database
3 364 (10.52%) NoSQL
4 298 (8.62%) MongoDB
5 283 (8.18%) PostgreSQL
6 260 (7.52%) Big Data
7 251 (7.26%) MySQL
8 235 (6.79%) Hadoop
9 156 (4.51%) HBase
10 103 (2.98%) Apache Cassandra
11 93 (2.69%) RDBMS
12 70 (2.02%) Oracle Database
13 48 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 44 (1.27%) Amazon RDS
15 38 (1.10%) SQL Server 2012
16 36 (1.04%) Redis
17 34 (0.98%) Data Warehouse
18 29 (0.84%) DB2
18 29 (0.84%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 27 (0.78%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 894 (25.85%) Git (software)
2 746 (21.57%) Jenkins
3 525 (15.18%) JIRA
4 407 (11.77%) JUnit
5 372 (10.75%) Maven
6 292 (8.44%) Cucumber
7 217 (6.27%) Subversion
8 201 (5.81%) Selenium
9 130 (3.76%) IntelliJ
10 118 (3.41%) Bitbucket
11 117 (3.38%) Mockito
11 117 (3.38%) TeamCity
12 114 (3.30%) Jasmine
13 99 (2.86%) Gradle
14 93 (2.69%) Eclipse
15 88 (2.54%) Ant
15 88 (2.54%) gulp
15 88 (2.54%) Visual Studio
16 87 (2.52%) Team Foundation Server
17 79 (2.28%) Grunt
General
1 673 (19.46%) Finance
2 412 (11.91%) Banking
3 117 (3.38%) Telecoms
4 116 (3.35%) Marketing
5 104 (3.01%) Retail
6 87 (2.52%) Front Office
7 82 (2.37%) Investment Banking
8 70 (2.02%) Manufacturing
9 60 (1.73%) Electronics
10 50 (1.45%) Games
11 34 (0.98%) Legal
11 34 (0.98%) Publishing
12 27 (0.78%) Law
13 26 (0.75%) Billing
14 16 (0.46%) Corporate Banking
15 13 (0.38%) Financial Institution
16 12 (0.35%) Back Office
17 11 (0.32%) Advertising
17 11 (0.32%) Automotive
18 9 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2446 (70.71%) Developer
2 967 (27.96%) Java Developer
3 336 (9.71%) Architect
4 261 (7.55%) .NET Developer
5 260 (7.52%) Senior Developer
6 186 (5.38%) C# Developer
7 176 (5.09%) JavaScript Developer
8 174 (5.03%) Scala Developer
9 167 (4.83%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 146 (4.22%) Agile Developer
11 131 (3.79%) Angular Developer
12 122 (3.53%) Web Developer
13 119 (3.44%) Full Stack Developer
14 117 (3.38%) C# .NET Developer
15 108 (3.12%) Python Developer
16 105 (3.04%) Software Engineer
17 104 (3.01%) Software Developer
18 98 (2.83%) Senior Java Developer
19 91 (2.63%) Java Engineer
20 87 (2.52%) Agile Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1224 (35.39%) Web Services
2 1051 (30.38%) SOAP
3 1034 (29.89%) HTML
4 980 (28.33%) Spring
5 908 (26.25%) CSS
6 889 (25.70%) JSON
7 710 (20.53%) AngularJS
8 614 (17.75%) HTML5
9 586 (16.94%) .NET
10 572 (16.54%) XML
11 397 (11.48%) RESTful
12 387 (11.19%) CSS3
13 386 (11.16%) Node.js
14 355 (10.26%) Hibernate
15 339 (9.80%) Spring Boot
16 315 (9.11%) Ajax
17 314 (9.08%) jQuery
18 264 (7.63%) J2EE
19 262 (7.57%) React
20 248 (7.17%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 203 (5.87%) User Experience
2 188 (5.44%) Greenfield Project
3 173 (5.00%) Mobile App
4 147 (4.25%) Analytical Skills
5 146 (4.22%) Computer Science
6 84 (2.43%) Enterprise Software
7 78 (2.25%) Algorithms
8 58 (1.68%) Linux Command Line
9 44 (1.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 43 (1.24%) Fintech
10 43 (1.24%) iPad
11 36 (1.04%) Virtual Team
12 32 (0.93%) Data Structures
13 31 (0.90%) Equities
14 28 (0.81%) PKI
15 26 (0.75%) Management Information System
16 25 (0.72%) Client/Server
17 24 (0.69%) Private Cloud
18 22 (0.64%) Data Centre
19 20 (0.58%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 657 (18.99%) Linux
2 278 (8.04%) Unix
3 142 (4.11%) Apple iOS
4 137 (3.96%) Android
5 126 (3.64%) Windows
6 76 (2.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 57 (1.65%) Mac OS X
8 47 (1.36%) CentOS
9 25 (0.72%) Solaris
10 22 (0.64%) Ubuntu
11 20 (0.58%) HPUX
12 14 (0.40%) Mac OS
13 11 (0.32%) Windows Server
14 10 (0.29%) CoreOS
15 8 (0.23%) AIX
15 8 (0.23%) Oracle Linux
16 5 (0.14%) VMS
17 4 (0.12%) Windows 7
17 4 (0.12%) Windows 8
18 2 (0.058%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1980 (57.24%) Agile Software Development
2 1158 (33.48%) TDD
3 904 (26.13%) Scrum
4 750 (21.68%) Microservices
5 737 (21.31%) Continuous Integration
6 665 (19.23%) Test Automation
7 631 (18.24%) MVC
8 586 (16.94%) BDD
9 496 (14.34%) DevOps
10 416 (12.03%) Open Source
11 361 (10.44%) OO
12 335 (9.68%) SOA
13 321 (9.28%) Unit Testing
14 311 (8.99%) Web Development
15 271 (7.83%) Front End Development
16 270 (7.81%) Software Engineering
17 240 (6.94%) Configuration Management
18 233 (6.74%) E-Commerce
19 218 (6.30%) API Development
20 217 (6.27%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 1912 (55.28%) Java
2 1158 (33.48%) JavaScript
3 767 (22.17%) SQL
4 614 (17.75%) C#
5 485 (14.02%) Python
6 333 (9.63%) Scala
7 237 (6.85%) Ruby
8 103 (2.98%) ES6
8 103 (2.98%) TypeScript
9 100 (2.89%) Groovy
9 100 (2.89%) PHP
10 99 (2.86%) T-SQL
11 75 (2.17%) Apple Swift
11 75 (2.17%) Bash Shell
12 73 (2.11%) PL/SQL
13 68 (1.97%) PowerShell
14 65 (1.88%) Perl
15 64 (1.85%) Objective-C
16 58 (1.68%) C++
17 55 (1.59%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 239 (6.91%) Security Cleared
2 194 (5.61%) SC Cleared
3 171 (4.94%) Degree
4 60 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
5 26 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
6 14 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
7 13 (0.38%) ISTQB
7 13 (0.38%) Master's Degree
8 11 (0.32%) DV Cleared
9 10 (0.29%) CTC Cleared
10 6 (0.17%) ISEB
11 5 (0.14%) CISA
11 5 (0.14%) CISM
11 5 (0.14%) CISSP
11 5 (0.14%) DBS Check
11 5 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
11 5 (0.14%) PMP
12 4 (0.12%) MBA
13 3 (0.087%) CFA
13 3 (0.087%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 221 (6.39%) QA
2 46 (1.33%) Data Quality
3 17 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
4 16 (0.46%) PCI DSS
5 10 (0.29%) MiFID
6 7 (0.20%) FedRAMP
7 6 (0.17%) GDPR
8 5 (0.14%) SLA
8 5 (0.14%) WCAG
9 4 (0.12%) HL7
9 4 (0.12%) WAI
10 3 (0.087%) PMO
11 2 (0.058%) FATCA
11 2 (0.058%) GCP
11 2 (0.058%) UCITS
12 1 (0.029%) Actionable Recommendations
12 1 (0.029%) COBIT
System Software
1 413 (11.94%) Docker
2 82 (2.37%) HDFS
3 73 (2.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 47 (1.36%) Active Directory
5 32 (0.93%) Virtual Machines
6 20 (0.58%) vCloud
7 18 (0.52%) Postfix
7 18 (0.52%) Squid
8 12 (0.35%) VirtualBox
9 11 (0.32%) OpenAM
10 10 (0.29%) LXC
11 8 (0.23%) Apache Flume
12 6 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
12 6 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
12 6 (0.17%) VMware Workstation
13 5 (0.14%) OpenIDM
14 4 (0.12%) vSphere
15 3 (0.087%) OpenDJ
15 3 (0.087%) Platform Symphony
15 3 (0.087%) Xen
Systems Management
1 171 (4.94%) Kubernetes
2 158 (4.57%) Puppet
3 143 (4.13%) Ansible
4 97 (2.80%) Terraform
5 79 (2.28%) Opscode Chef
6 38 (1.10%) Hadoop YARN
6 38 (1.10%) Kibana
7 28 (0.81%) logstash
8 22 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
9 18 (0.52%) Rancher
9 18 (0.52%) Rsyslog
9 18 (0.52%) Sysdig
9 18 (0.52%) ZABBIX
10 11 (0.32%) Mesos
10 11 (0.32%) Oozie
11 10 (0.29%) Grafana
12 9 (0.26%) Graphite
12 9 (0.26%) SCOrch
13 8 (0.23%) MOM
14 7 (0.20%) vRealize
Vendors
1 361 (10.44%) Oracle
2 287 (8.30%) Microsoft
3 163 (4.71%) Google
4 146 (4.22%) IBM
5 109 (3.15%) SAP
6 104 (3.01%) Salesforce.com
7 69 (1.99%) Red Hat
8 58 (1.68%) Sitecore
9 54 (1.56%) Adobe
10 51 (1.47%) MuleSoft
11 44 (1.27%) ServiceNow
12 43 (1.24%) VMware
13 41 (1.19%) Apple
14 38 (1.10%) Apigee
14 38 (1.10%) webMethods
15 34 (0.98%) Atlassian
16 33 (0.95%) hybris
16 33 (0.95%) Sybase
17 28 (0.81%) Perforce
18 27 (0.78%) Pega