Period
to 12 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 12 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
12 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 74 56 56
Rank change year-on-year -18 0 +13
Contract jobs citing REST 2,562 4,258 3,759
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.05% 4.14% 3.71%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.97% 11.88% 11.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,688 3,004 2,602
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £339
90th Percentile £650 £625 £622
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 31 36
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% - +41.96%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £26.96
90th Percentile £73.75 £62.50 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% - +39.75%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 25,687 35,843 32,730
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.60% 34.85% 32.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,796 25,270 23,081
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 291 311 373
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +6.67%
10th Percentile £20.26 £17.00 £18.10
90th Percentile £73.75 £60.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £41.00 £41.13
% change year-on-year +2.44% -0.30% +12.67%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 12 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 12 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 12 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -16 2,311 £500 - 882
London -17 1,341 £541 +0.70% 392
UK excluding London -27 1,149 £450 - 555
South East -21 371 £450 -5.26% 152
North of England -4 238 £444 +1.43% 160
Scotland +12 170 £450 - 44
Midlands -10 150 £450 +3.45% 81
South West -52 120 £425 - 50
West Midlands -12 108 £463 +2.78% 57
Yorkshire -10 107 £450 - 63
North West -6 97 £436 +3.13% 76
East of England -56 64 £450 - 47
East Midlands -8 41 £400 - 24
North East +11 34 £425 -7.61% 21
Wales +1 31 £438 +2.94% 16
Northern Ireland -3 7 £419 +28.85% 7

For the 6 months to 12 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 1,328 (51.83%) Agile Software Development
2 1,060 (41.37%) Java
3 937 (36.57%) JavaScript
4 778 (30.37%) Microservices
5 709 (27.67%) SOAP
6 661 (25.80%) Git (software)
7 640 (24.98%) Web Services
8 632 (24.67%) JSON
9 631 (24.63%) TDD
10 589 (22.99%) SQL
11 587 (22.91%) Spring
12 582 (22.72%) Scrum
13 542 (21.16%) HTML
14 520 (20.30%) DevOps
15 516 (20.14%) Docker
16 501 (19.56%) CSS
17 481 (18.77%) AWS
17 481 (18.77%) Jenkins
18 476 (18.58%) AngularJS
19 464 (18.11%) Azure
20 451 (17.60%) C#
21 439 (17.14%) .NET
22 424 (16.55%) XML
23 414 (16.16%) Test Automation
24 393 (15.34%) Continuous Integration
25 391 (15.26%) Finance
26 387 (15.11%) Node.js
27 379 (14.79%) SQL Server
28 365 (14.25%) React
29 354 (13.82%) Python

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 206 (8.04%) Confluence
2 106 (4.14%) Elasticsearch
3 91 (3.55%) Apache
4 69 (2.69%) SharePoint
5 61 (2.38%) Tomcat
6 53 (2.07%) WebSphere
7 51 (1.99%) CMS
8 35 (1.37%) JBoss
9 34 (1.33%) Apache Spark
9 34 (1.33%) Mule
9 34 (1.33%) WebLogic
10 33 (1.29%) ArcGIS
11 31 (1.21%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 31 (1.21%) IIS
12 29 (1.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 26 (1.01%) Cloud Foundry
14 24 (0.94%) nginx
15 21 (0.82%) Apache Solr
16 16 (0.62%) BizTalk Server
16 16 (0.62%) Drupal
Applications
1 16 (0.62%) Photoshop
2 11 (0.43%) GIMP
3 8 (0.31%) Chatbot
3 8 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
4 7 (0.27%) InVision
5 6 (0.23%) Figma
6 5 (0.20%) InfoPath
6 5 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
6 5 (0.20%) MS Visio
7 4 (0.16%) InDesign
8 3 (0.12%) Sketch
9 1 (0.039%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.039%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.039%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 40 (1.56%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.66%) Adobe Campaign
3 13 (0.51%) Remedy ITSM
4 10 (0.39%) R3 Corda
5 8 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
6 7 (0.27%) PeopleSoft HCM
7 6 (0.23%) BusinessWorks
7 6 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
7 6 (0.23%) thinkFolio
8 5 (0.20%) NetSuite
9 4 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
9 4 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
9 4 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
9 4 (0.16%) SDL Web 8
9 4 (0.16%) Temenos T24
10 3 (0.12%) Magento
10 3 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
11 2 (0.078%) Primavera
11 2 (0.078%) SAP MM
11 2 (0.078%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 481 (18.77%) AWS
2 464 (18.11%) Azure
3 138 (5.39%) GitHub
4 136 (5.31%) GCP
5 121 (4.72%) Serverless
6 86 (3.36%) SaaS
7 63 (2.46%) Power Platform
8 61 (2.38%) PaaS
9 58 (2.26%) npm
10 48 (1.87%) OpenShift
11 43 (1.68%) Amazon EC2
12 42 (1.64%) Slack
13 40 (1.56%) Azure Active Directory
13 40 (1.56%) Azure Functions
14 38 (1.48%) AWS Lambda
15 35 (1.37%) Apigee
16 34 (1.33%) IaaS
17 33 (1.29%) Dynamics 365
18 32 (1.25%) Amazon SQS
19 25 (0.98%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 195 (7.61%) HTTP
2 66 (2.58%) SSL
3 60 (2.34%) TCP/IP
4 44 (1.72%) FTP
5 33 (1.29%) DNS
6 26 (1.01%) HTTPS
7 22 (0.86%) Firewall
8 21 (0.82%) SSH
9 19 (0.74%) Internet
10 17 (0.66%) MQTT
10 17 (0.66%) SNMP
11 14 (0.55%) DSL
12 10 (0.39%) VPN
13 9 (0.35%) Intranet
13 9 (0.35%) Skype
14 8 (0.31%) AMQP
14 8 (0.31%) Bluetooth
14 8 (0.31%) NFC
14 8 (0.31%) Reverse Proxy
14 8 (0.31%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 379 (14.79%) SQL Server
2 238 (9.29%) NoSQL
3 224 (8.74%) PostgreSQL
4 190 (7.42%) MongoDB
5 159 (6.21%) Relational Database
6 158 (6.17%) MySQL
7 74 (2.89%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 71 (2.77%) Apache Cassandra
9 60 (2.34%) Cosmos DB
10 58 (2.26%) Power BI
11 52 (2.03%) Big Data
12 49 (1.91%) Hadoop
12 49 (1.91%) RDBMS
13 48 (1.87%) Oracle Database
14 44 (1.72%) Data Warehouse
15 43 (1.68%) Azure SQL Database
16 41 (1.60%) Redis
17 36 (1.41%) Amazon RDS
18 33 (1.29%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 28 (1.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 661 (25.80%) Git (software)
2 481 (18.77%) Jenkins
3 334 (13.04%) JIRA
4 250 (9.76%) Maven
5 229 (8.94%) JUnit
6 168 (6.56%) Selenium
7 142 (5.54%) Cucumber
8 117 (4.57%) Mockito
9 101 (3.94%) Gradle
10 79 (3.08%) gulp
11 76 (2.97%) Subversion
12 74 (2.89%) webpack
13 73 (2.85%) TeamCity
14 71 (2.77%) Bitbucket
15 64 (2.50%) Visual Studio
16 62 (2.42%) Visual Studio Team System
17 61 (2.38%) GitLab
18 58 (2.26%) SonarQube
19 57 (2.22%) Sonatype Nexus
20 55 (2.15%) Ant
General
1 391 (15.26%) Finance
2 209 (8.16%) Banking
3 120 (4.68%) Public Sector
4 94 (3.67%) Retail
5 72 (2.81%) Marketing
6 54 (2.11%) Telecoms
7 48 (1.87%) Front Office
8 28 (1.09%) Games
8 28 (1.09%) Publishing
9 23 (0.90%) Manufacturing
10 21 (0.82%) Investment Banking
11 20 (0.78%) Advertising
12 18 (0.70%) Law
13 12 (0.47%) Legal
13 12 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
14 11 (0.43%) Retail Banking
15 10 (0.39%) Electronics
16 9 (0.35%) Financial Institution
17 8 (0.31%) Back Office
18 7 (0.27%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,708 (66.67%) Developer
2 481 (18.77%) Java Developer
3 233 (9.09%) Architect
3 233 (9.09%) Senior Developer
4 188 (7.34%) .NET Developer
5 147 (5.74%) React Developer
6 140 (5.46%) Full Stack Developer
7 122 (4.76%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 109 (4.25%) Angular Developer
9 108 (4.22%) C# Developer
10 106 (4.14%) Solutions Architect
11 88 (3.43%) JavaScript Developer
12 83 (3.24%) Python Developer
13 80 (3.12%) Senior Java Developer
14 75 (2.93%) Android Developer
15 70 (2.73%) Consultant
16 63 (2.46%) C# .NET Developer
17 57 (2.22%) Agile Developer
17 57 (2.22%) Salesforce Developer
18 56 (2.19%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 709 (27.67%) SOAP
2 640 (24.98%) Web Services
3 632 (24.67%) JSON
4 587 (22.91%) Spring
5 542 (21.16%) HTML
6 501 (19.56%) CSS
7 476 (18.58%) AngularJS
8 439 (17.14%) .NET
9 424 (16.55%) XML
10 387 (15.11%) Node.js
11 365 (14.25%) React
12 304 (11.87%) Spring Boot
13 258 (10.07%) HTML5
14 198 (7.73%) RESTful
15 197 (7.69%) Kafka
16 177 (6.91%) CSS3
17 158 (6.17%) ASP.NET
18 157 (6.13%) Hibernate
19 141 (5.50%) .NET Core
20 140 (5.46%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 183 (7.14%) User Experience
2 133 (5.19%) Enterprise Software
3 128 (5.00%) Mobile App
4 117 (4.57%) Analytical Skills
5 92 (3.59%) Greenfield Project
6 85 (3.32%) Algorithms
7 53 (2.07%) Data Structures
8 51 (1.99%) Linux Command Line
9 46 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
10 40 (1.56%) Client/Server
11 37 (1.44%) Derivative
11 37 (1.44%) Management Information System
12 35 (1.37%) PKI
13 31 (1.21%) Fixed Income
14 28 (1.09%) Virtual Team
15 27 (1.05%) Data Centre
15 27 (1.05%) N-Tier
16 25 (0.98%) Public Cloud
17 22 (0.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 18 (0.70%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 346 (13.51%) Linux
2 141 (5.50%) Android
3 125 (4.88%) Windows
4 123 (4.80%) Apple iOS
5 111 (4.33%) Unix
6 27 (1.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 19 (0.74%) Mac OS
8 18 (0.70%) CentOS
8 18 (0.70%) Mac OS X
8 18 (0.70%) Windows Server
8 18 (0.70%) Windows Server 2012
9 12 (0.47%) Embedded Linux
10 11 (0.43%) Solaris
11 10 (0.39%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.20%) VMS
13 4 (0.16%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 3 (0.12%) Mac OS X Server
15 1 (0.039%) AIX
15 1 (0.039%) HPUX
15 1 (0.039%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,328 (51.83%) Agile Software Development
2 778 (30.37%) Microservices
3 631 (24.63%) TDD
4 582 (22.72%) Scrum
5 520 (20.30%) DevOps
6 414 (16.16%) Test Automation
7 393 (15.34%) Continuous Integration
8 330 (12.88%) BDD
9 266 (10.38%) MVC
10 241 (9.41%) Kanban
11 231 (9.02%) Unit Testing
12 226 (8.82%) Software Engineering
13 198 (7.73%) Front End Development
14 180 (7.03%) Problem-Solving
15 177 (6.91%) SOA
16 171 (6.67%) Open Source
17 152 (5.93%) OO
18 142 (5.54%) Web Development
19 134 (5.23%) Computer Science
20 132 (5.15%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,060 (41.37%) Java
2 937 (36.57%) JavaScript
3 589 (22.99%) SQL
4 451 (17.60%) C#
5 354 (13.82%) Python
6 305 (11.90%) Java 8
7 180 (7.03%) TypeScript
8 106 (4.14%) Scala
9 89 (3.47%) ES6
10 83 (3.24%) Bash Shell
11 79 (3.08%) Shell Script
12 78 (3.04%) PHP
12 78 (3.04%) T-SQL
13 74 (2.89%) Apex Code
14 66 (2.58%) Groovy
15 65 (2.54%) PowerShell
15 65 (2.54%) Ruby
16 61 (2.38%) Kotlin
17 55 (2.15%) PL/SQL
18 50 (1.95%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 213 (8.31%) Security Cleared
2 168 (6.56%) SC Cleared
3 151 (5.89%) Degree
4 60 (2.34%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (0.82%) DV Cleared
6 13 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
7 9 (0.35%) CISSP
7 9 (0.35%) Master's Degree
8 7 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
8 7 (0.27%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.23%) CCNA
9 6 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
10 5 (0.20%) CISM
10 5 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
10 5 (0.20%) RHCSA
11 4 (0.16%) ISEB
11 4 (0.16%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 3 (0.12%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.12%) CCNP
12 3 (0.12%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 95 (3.71%) QA
2 26 (1.01%) WCAG
3 22 (0.86%) Data Quality
4 19 (0.74%) GDPR
5 8 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.31%) SLA
6 6 (0.23%) MiFID
7 5 (0.20%) PSD2
8 4 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.12%) COBIT
9 3 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.078%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.078%) Dodd-Frank
10 2 (0.078%) EMIR
10 2 (0.078%) GxP
10 2 (0.078%) HL7
10 2 (0.078%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 2 (0.078%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.078%) NIST
10 2 (0.078%) PMO
System Software
1 516 (20.14%) Docker
2 56 (2.19%) Active Directory
3 15 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.51%) Postfix
5 8 (0.31%) NFS
5 8 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.23%) Hyper-V
6 6 (0.23%) VirtualBox
7 5 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 4 (0.16%) vSphere
9 3 (0.12%) Firmware
9 3 (0.12%) HDFS
9 3 (0.12%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 2 (0.078%) LXC
10 2 (0.078%) OpenIDM
10 2 (0.078%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.078%) Varnish
10 2 (0.078%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.039%) KVM
11 1 (0.039%) Xen
Systems Management
1 229 (8.94%) Kubernetes
2 87 (3.40%) Ansible
3 68 (2.65%) Terraform
4 61 (2.38%) Puppet
5 50 (1.95%) Kibana
6 38 (1.48%) Grafana
7 30 (1.17%) Opscode Chef
8 17 (0.66%) Docker Swarm
8 17 (0.66%) Single Sign-On
9 14 (0.55%) logstash
10 13 (0.51%) Netcool
11 12 (0.47%) Amdocs OSS
11 12 (0.47%) Netcool/OMNIbus
12 11 (0.43%) MIIS
13 10 (0.39%) Consul
13 10 (0.39%) Graphite
14 9 (0.35%) HP Quality Center
14 9 (0.35%) ZABBIX
15 7 (0.27%) HAProxy
15 7 (0.27%) Mesos
Vendors
1 231 (9.02%) Microsoft
2 217 (8.47%) Oracle
3 182 (7.10%) Google
4 128 (5.00%) Salesforce.com
5 83 (3.24%) ServiceNow
6 78 (3.04%) MuleSoft
7 71 (2.77%) IBM
8 65 (2.54%) Splunk
9 47 (1.83%) SAP
10 38 (1.48%) Red Hat
11 37 (1.44%) Adobe
12 32 (1.25%) CA
13 31 (1.21%) Xamarin
14 30 (1.17%) ESRI
15 28 (1.09%) Cisco
16 27 (1.05%) BMC
17 26 (1.01%) WSO2
18 25 (0.98%) AppDynamics
19 24 (0.94%) VMware
20 23 (0.90%) Atlassian