Period
to 21 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 71 63 76
Rank change year-on-year -8 +13 -21
Contract jobs citing REST 2,807 1,496 2,152
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.21% 3.60% 2.95%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.23% 11.84% 9.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,987 1,025 1,443
10th Percentile £400 £350 £363
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £513
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -2.44% +2.50%
75th Percentile £650 £575 £588
90th Percentile £713 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £499 £460 £450
% change year-on-year +8.42% +2.22% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 7 18
10th Percentile £39.65 £22.10 £46.00
25th Percentile £46.21 £31.05 £46.38
Median hourly rate £55.00 £40.00 £50.50
Median % change year-on-year +37.50% -20.79% +1.00%
75th Percentile £62.15 £45.00 £68.75
90th Percentile £62.69 £47.00 £78.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.75 £23.47 £50.00
% change year-on-year +111.97% -53.06% -1.96%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,993 12,631 21,791
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.60% 30.41% 29.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,219 8,979 15,352
10th Percentile £381 £315 £330
25th Percentile £450 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £480 £492
Median % change year-on-year +14.58% -2.44% +3.58%
75th Percentile £650 £575 £575
90th Percentile £738 £656 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £480 £425 £445
% change year-on-year +12.94% -4.49% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 246 146 196
10th Percentile £21.00 £25.48 £17.21
25th Percentile £36.25 £35.00 £32.00
Median hourly rate £50.88 £45.00 £46.00
Median % change year-on-year +13.06% -2.17% +9.93%
75th Percentile £65.50 £57.19 £53.00
90th Percentile £76.72 £63.25 £78.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £46.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +14.13% +2.22% +7.54%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST.

Daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST.

Hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -13 2,184 £550 +10.00% 791
London -1 1,469 £600 +14.29% 405
Work from Home +6 956 £540 +11.34% 185
UK excluding London -35 720 £499 +8.42% 442
South East -35 166 £500 +5.26% 91
North of England -40 161 £500 +5.26% 122
Scotland -20 141 £465 +11.38% 51
South West +4 113 £488 +17.82% 47
North West -20 90 £525 +10.53% 76
Yorkshire -45 64 £500 +11.11% 36
East of England -23 56 £491 +0.77% 37
Midlands -52 56 £475 +0.32% 78
West Midlands -38 40 £488 +2.63% 42
Wales -10 31 £475 -5.00% 13
East Midlands -37 17 £428 -9.43% 36
North East -16 7 £525 +2.44% 10
Northern Ireland -12 1 £475 +12.03% 3
Isle of Man - 1 £500 -

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 1,312 (46.74%) Agile Software Development
2 1,208 (43.04%) Java
3 966 (34.41%) JavaScript
4 776 (27.65%) SQL
5 750 (26.72%) Microservices
6 713 (25.40%) CI/CD
7 686 (24.44%) Azure
8 648 (23.09%) DevOps
9 647 (23.05%) Git (software)
10 639 (22.76%) AWS
11 597 (21.27%) SOAP
12 583 (20.77%) HTML
13 574 (20.45%) Spring
14 561 (19.99%) Jenkins
15 559 (19.91%) React
16 556 (19.81%) Docker
17 549 (19.56%) Web Services
17 549 (19.56%) Test Automation
18 547 (19.49%) Python
19 518 (18.45%) JSON
20 495 (17.63%) CSS
21 486 (17.31%) Kubernetes
22 478 (17.03%) TDD
23 467 (16.64%) Scrum
24 458 (16.32%) Software Engineering
25 431 (15.35%) Finance
26 415 (14.78%) C#
27 413 (14.71%) Node.js
28 409 (14.57%) Social Skills
29 402 (14.32%) .NET

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 151 (5.38%) Confluence
2 83 (2.96%) Elasticsearch
3 77 (2.74%) SharePoint
4 61 (2.17%) CMS
5 59 (2.10%) Tomcat
6 52 (1.85%) Apache
7 46 (1.64%) Apache Spark
8 39 (1.39%) JBoss
9 32 (1.14%) Mule
10 30 (1.07%) WebSphere
11 22 (0.78%) IIS
12 20 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
13 18 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 16 (0.57%) Apache Airflow
14 16 (0.57%) BizTalk Server
15 15 (0.53%) WebLogic
16 14 (0.50%) Red Hat Fuse
17 13 (0.46%) nginx
17 13 (0.46%) Oracle Coherence
18 12 (0.43%) Camunda
Applications
1 19 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (0.64%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (0.46%) Chatbot
4 8 (0.29%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.11%) InVision
8 1 (0.036%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.036%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 25 (0.89%) SunGard Martini
2 21 (0.75%) Shopify
3 18 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.36%) Oracle BPM
4 10 (0.36%) Oracle ERP
5 7 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
5 7 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 7 (0.25%) Social Studio
6 6 (0.21%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 5 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
7 5 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
7 5 (0.18%) NetSuite
7 5 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
8 4 (0.14%) Carpe Diem
8 4 (0.14%) Elite 3E
8 4 (0.14%) WebTrends
9 3 (0.11%) Magento
9 3 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
9 3 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
10 2 (0.071%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 686 (24.44%) Azure
2 639 (22.76%) AWS
3 250 (8.91%) Serverless
4 246 (8.76%) GitHub
5 179 (6.38%) GCP
6 159 (5.66%) SaaS
7 158 (5.63%) AWS Lambda
8 124 (4.42%) PaaS
9 79 (2.81%) AWS CloudFormation
10 67 (2.39%) IaaS
11 61 (2.17%) Power Platform
12 60 (2.14%) Amazon S3
12 60 (2.14%) OpenShift
13 55 (1.96%) Azure Functions
14 53 (1.89%) Azure Service Bus
15 47 (1.67%) Amazon SQS
16 45 (1.60%) Apigee
16 45 (1.60%) Azure Data Factory
17 40 (1.43%) Amazon EC2
18 37 (1.32%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 247 (8.80%) HTTP
2 61 (2.17%) Internet
3 58 (2.07%) TCP/IP
4 38 (1.35%) DNS
5 37 (1.32%) HTTPS
6 30 (1.07%) Firewall
7 23 (0.82%) FTP
7 23 (0.82%) SSL
8 17 (0.61%) Network Security
9 14 (0.50%) Intranet
9 14 (0.50%) VPN
10 12 (0.43%) SNMP
11 11 (0.39%) SAN
12 10 (0.36%) 4G
12 10 (0.36%) DHCP
12 10 (0.36%) MQTT
13 9 (0.32%) 5G
14 8 (0.29%) Kerberos
15 7 (0.25%) 3G
15 7 (0.25%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 339 (12.08%) NoSQL
2 310 (11.04%) SQL Server
3 260 (9.26%) MongoDB
4 221 (7.87%) Relational Database
5 207 (7.37%) PostgreSQL
6 174 (6.20%) MySQL
7 74 (2.64%) Oracle Database
8 65 (2.32%) Apache Cassandra
9 54 (1.92%) RDBMS
10 52 (1.85%) Big Data
11 51 (1.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 50 (1.78%) Redis
13 44 (1.57%) Hadoop
14 42 (1.50%) Azure SQL Database
15 40 (1.43%) Data Warehouse
15 40 (1.43%) Power BI
16 39 (1.39%) Data Lake
17 35 (1.25%) Amazon RDS
18 32 (1.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 28 (1.00%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 647 (23.05%) Git (software)
2 561 (19.99%) Jenkins
3 317 (11.29%) JIRA
4 252 (8.98%) Maven
5 192 (6.84%) JUnit
6 169 (6.02%) Cucumber
7 135 (4.81%) Selenium
8 126 (4.49%) GitLab
9 119 (4.24%) Bitbucket
10 111 (3.95%) Postman
11 95 (3.38%) Visual Studio
12 92 (3.28%) TeamCity
13 90 (3.21%) Mockito
14 81 (2.89%) Subversion
15 78 (2.78%) webpack
16 65 (2.32%) JMeter
16 65 (2.32%) SoapUI
17 62 (2.21%) Cypress.io
17 62 (2.21%) Sonatype Nexus
18 55 (1.96%) SpecFlow
General
1 431 (15.35%) Finance
2 409 (14.57%) Social Skills
3 278 (9.90%) Banking
4 153 (5.45%) Public Sector
5 148 (5.27%) Analytical Skills
6 106 (3.78%) Investment Banking
7 73 (2.60%) Retail
8 72 (2.57%) Marketing
9 63 (2.24%) Front Office
10 50 (1.78%) Telecoms
11 38 (1.35%) Presentation Skills
12 25 (0.89%) Documentation Skills
13 24 (0.86%) Law
14 23 (0.82%) Legal
15 22 (0.78%) Electronics
16 21 (0.75%) Manufacturing
17 17 (0.61%) Financial Institution
18 14 (0.50%) Games
18 14 (0.50%) Retail Banking
19 12 (0.43%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 1,695 (60.38%) Developer
2 461 (16.42%) Java Developer
3 262 (9.33%) Senior Developer
4 258 (9.19%) Architect
5 172 (6.13%) Full Stack Developer
6 157 (5.59%) React Developer
7 142 (5.06%) .NET Developer
8 121 (4.31%) Solutions Architect
9 115 (4.10%) Python Developer
10 108 (3.85%) Software Engineer
11 103 (3.67%) Senior Java Developer
12 99 (3.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 87 (3.10%) Consultant
14 77 (2.74%) C# Developer
15 73 (2.60%) Tester
16 68 (2.42%) Java Engineer
17 59 (2.10%) Salesforce Developer
18 58 (2.07%) JavaScript Developer
19 52 (1.85%) Software Developer
20 49 (1.75%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 597 (21.27%) SOAP
2 583 (20.77%) HTML
3 574 (20.45%) Spring
4 559 (19.91%) React
5 549 (19.56%) Web Services
6 518 (18.45%) JSON
7 495 (17.63%) CSS
8 413 (14.71%) Node.js
9 402 (14.32%) .NET
10 399 (14.21%) AngularJS
11 398 (14.18%) Spring Boot
12 359 (12.79%) XML
13 231 (8.23%) Kafka
14 181 (6.45%) GraphQL
15 163 (5.81%) HTML5
16 150 (5.34%) Redux
17 148 (5.27%) .NET Core
18 146 (5.20%) .NET Framework
19 141 (5.02%) ASP.NET
20 135 (4.81%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 183 (6.52%) User Experience
2 133 (4.74%) Mobile App
3 100 (3.56%) Greenfield Project
4 89 (3.17%) Public Cloud
5 87 (3.10%) Self-Motivation
6 80 (2.85%) Data Structures
7 71 (2.53%) Cloud Native
8 56 (2.00%) Data Protection Act
8 56 (2.00%) Private Cloud
9 53 (1.89%) Virtual Team
10 44 (1.57%) Algorithms
11 42 (1.50%) Hybrid Cloud
12 31 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
13 30 (1.07%) Legacy Systems
14 28 (1.00%) Video\Live Streaming
15 27 (0.96%) Management Information System
16 24 (0.86%) Media Streaming
17 22 (0.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 22 (0.78%) Linux Command Line
18 21 (0.75%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 346 (12.33%) Linux
2 164 (5.84%) Unix
3 163 (5.81%) Windows
4 87 (3.10%) Apple iOS
5 74 (2.64%) Android
6 46 (1.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (0.78%) Windows Server
8 19 (0.68%) Solaris
9 10 (0.36%) Ubuntu
10 6 (0.21%) Mac OS X
10 6 (0.21%) VMS
10 6 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
11 5 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.11%) Mesosphere
12 3 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
12 3 (0.11%) Windows Server 2019
13 2 (0.071%) CentOS
13 2 (0.071%) Data ONTAP
13 2 (0.071%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.036%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,312 (46.74%) Agile Software Development
2 750 (26.72%) Microservices
3 713 (25.40%) CI/CD
4 648 (23.09%) DevOps
5 549 (19.56%) Test Automation
6 478 (17.03%) TDD
7 467 (16.64%) Scrum
8 458 (16.32%) Software Engineering
9 322 (11.47%) Full Stack Development
10 281 (10.01%) Problem-Solving
11 272 (9.69%) Continuous Integration
12 224 (7.98%) BDD
13 207 (7.37%) OO
14 204 (7.27%) Front End Development
15 186 (6.63%) SDLC
16 180 (6.41%) Unit Testing
17 175 (6.23%) Analytics
18 164 (5.84%) API Development
19 153 (5.45%) API Design
20 138 (4.92%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 1,208 (43.04%) Java
2 966 (34.41%) JavaScript
3 776 (27.65%) SQL
4 547 (19.49%) Python
5 415 (14.78%) C#
6 346 (12.33%) TypeScript
7 214 (7.62%) Java 8
8 129 (4.60%) PowerShell
9 128 (4.56%) Java 11
10 121 (4.31%) Bash
11 81 (2.89%) PHP
12 80 (2.85%) Scala
13 77 (2.74%) Kotlin
14 73 (2.60%) ES6
15 65 (2.32%) Apple Swift
16 64 (2.28%) Shell Script
17 61 (2.17%) Apex Code
18 57 (2.03%) T-SQL
19 56 (2.00%) Groovy
20 54 (1.92%) C++
Qualifications
1 174 (6.20%) Security Cleared
2 149 (5.31%) SC Cleared
3 94 (3.35%) Degree
4 36 (1.28%) BPSS Clearance
5 34 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
6 22 (0.78%) ISTQB
7 17 (0.61%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 16 (0.57%) CISSP
9 15 (0.53%) DV Cleared
10 14 (0.50%) CEH
11 12 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
12 11 (0.39%) AWS Certification
12 11 (0.39%) GIAC
13 10 (0.36%) DBS Check
14 9 (0.32%) CISA
14 9 (0.32%) Master's Degree
14 9 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
15 7 (0.25%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 7 (0.25%) CISM
15 7 (0.25%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 186 (6.63%) QA
2 49 (1.75%) Accessibility
3 15 (0.53%) GDPR
4 13 (0.46%) Data Quality
5 12 (0.43%) WCAG
6 9 (0.32%) GRC
6 9 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 9 (0.32%) SLA
7 7 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 6 (0.21%) NIST
9 5 (0.18%) Actionable Recommendations
10 4 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
10 4 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 3 (0.11%) NCSC
12 2 (0.071%) Cyber Essentials
12 2 (0.071%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 2 (0.071%) DICOM
12 2 (0.071%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 1 (0.036%) PSD2
13 1 (0.036%) SOC 2
System Software
1 556 (19.81%) Docker
2 90 (3.21%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
4 17 (0.61%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (0.46%) NFS
6 11 (0.39%) OpenAM
7 7 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.14%) OpenDJ
8 4 (0.14%) OpenIDM
8 4 (0.14%) Platform Symphony
8 4 (0.14%) Slurm Workload Manager
9 3 (0.11%) Apache Flume
9 3 (0.11%) iptables
9 3 (0.11%) Postfix
10 2 (0.071%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.071%) Samba
10 2 (0.071%) vCloud
10 2 (0.071%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.071%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.071%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 486 (17.31%) Kubernetes
2 210 (7.48%) Terraform
3 145 (5.17%) Ansible
4 62 (2.21%) Kibana
5 52 (1.85%) Single Sign-On
6 43 (1.53%) Grafana
7 40 (1.43%) Prometheus
8 32 (1.14%) Opscode Chef
9 30 (1.07%) Puppet
10 29 (1.03%) logstash
11 25 (0.89%) BladeLogic
12 20 (0.71%) Consul
13 15 (0.53%) Netcool
14 12 (0.43%) Nessus
15 10 (0.36%) Amdocs OSS
15 10 (0.36%) Nagios
16 9 (0.32%) Packer
17 8 (0.29%) Graphite
17 8 (0.29%) Istio
18 7 (0.25%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 338 (12.04%) Oracle
2 269 (9.58%) Microsoft
3 109 (3.88%) Salesforce.com
4 92 (3.28%) ServiceNow
5 90 (3.21%) Google
6 84 (2.99%) SAP
7 73 (2.60%) IBM
8 63 (2.24%) MuleSoft
9 56 (2.00%) Splunk
10 50 (1.78%) Atlassian
11 41 (1.46%) Red Hat
12 30 (1.07%) Databricks
13 26 (0.93%) AppDynamics
13 26 (0.93%) FIS
14 25 (0.89%) SunGard
15 24 (0.86%) Confluent
16 21 (0.75%) VMware
17 19 (0.68%) HP
17 19 (0.68%) Pega
18 18 (0.64%) Qualys