Period
to 1 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 1 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK
6 months to
1 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 64 73 58
Rank change year-on-year +9 -15 0
Contract jobs citing REST 1,055 2,723 4,145
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.53% 3.11% 4.07%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.40% 9.93% 11.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 764 1,831 2,980
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £350 £363 £363
90th Percentile £675 £650 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +2.78% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 26 31
Median hourly rate £35.00 £52.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -33.33% +16.67% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £57.50 £43.50
% change year-on-year -39.13% +32.18% -3.33%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 9,256 27,419 35,745
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.98% 31.30% 35.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,158 19,042 25,244
Median daily rate £495 £494 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.30% +3.89% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £338 £325
90th Percentile £688 £650 £631
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 143 306 332
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.81
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.45% +5.25% +4.51%
10th Percentile £23.80 £20.26 £15.24
90th Percentile £57.00 £63.75 £58.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year -18.60% +4.88% +2.50%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST.

Daily rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST.

Hourly rate trend for REST in the UK

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK

REST
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK over the 6 months to 1 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +12 944 £500 - 525
London +9 582 £525 -4.55% 215
UK excluding London +6 385 £463 +2.78% 346
Work from Home +12 180 £475 +5.56% 116
North of England +42 135 £470 +4.44% 99
South East -10 78 £500 +11.11% 71
North West +56 65 £463 +2.78% 53
Yorkshire +36 56 £470 +4.44% 22
South West +40 54 £422 -6.26% 44
Midlands +28 50 £425 +3.34% 72
Scotland -29 30 £425 -5.56% 23
West Midlands +20 29 £463 +10.12% 38
East of England +43 26 £473 +3.56% 19
East Midlands +38 21 £423 +9.03% 34
North East +25 13 £513 +11.41% 24
Wales +2 8 £406 -18.75% 7
Northern Ireland +7 4 £424 -0.24% 11

For the 6 months to 1 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for REST.

1 563 (53.36%) Agile Software Development
2 531 (50.33%) Java
3 326 (30.90%) Microservices
4 315 (29.86%) Git (software)
5 305 (28.91%) Jenkins
6 299 (28.34%) DevOps
7 298 (28.25%) JavaScript
8 291 (27.58%) SOAP
9 279 (26.45%) Web Services
10 260 (24.64%) AWS
11 251 (23.79%) Spring
12 249 (23.60%) SQL
13 243 (23.03%) Test Automation
14 239 (22.65%) JSON
15 229 (21.71%) Python
16 226 (21.42%) HTML
17 210 (19.91%) Scrum
18 208 (19.72%) Finance
19 198 (18.77%) Docker
20 187 (17.73%) Security Cleared
20 187 (17.73%) CSS
21 181 (17.16%) Azure
22 179 (16.97%) TDD
23 168 (15.92%) JIRA
24 164 (15.55%) SC Cleared
25 162 (15.36%) BDD
26 161 (15.26%) Spring Boot
27 160 (15.17%) C#
28 158 (14.98%) XML
28 158 (14.98%) Node.js

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 115 (10.90%) Confluence
2 60 (5.69%) Mule
3 51 (4.83%) Tomcat
4 48 (4.55%) Apache
5 44 (4.17%) Red Hat Fuse
6 35 (3.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 30 (2.84%) Elasticsearch
8 29 (2.75%) Cloud Foundry
8 29 (2.75%) SharePoint
9 28 (2.65%) JBoss
10 22 (2.09%) NServiceBus
11 20 (1.90%) WebLogic
12 19 (1.80%) CMS
13 16 (1.52%) WebSphere
14 13 (1.23%) IIS
14 13 (1.23%) WebSphere Application Server
15 10 (0.95%) nginx
16 9 (0.85%) Anypoint
17 7 (0.66%) Appian
17 7 (0.66%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 11 (1.04%) MS Visio
2 7 (0.66%) Photoshop
3 6 (0.57%) Adobe Illustrator
3 6 (0.57%) Figma
4 5 (0.47%) Zeplin
5 4 (0.38%) Chatbot
5 4 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
5 4 (0.38%) Sketch
6 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.19%) SPSS
7 1 (0.095%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.095%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 16 (1.52%) Oracle ERP
2 15 (1.42%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.76%) Oracle BPM
4 7 (0.66%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 5 (0.47%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.47%) Dynamics NAV
6 4 (0.38%) Oracle Applications
6 4 (0.38%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.28%) Shopify
8 2 (0.19%) Aligne
8 2 (0.19%) NetSuite
8 2 (0.19%) Orchestrade
8 2 (0.19%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.19%) Siebel CRM
9 1 (0.095%) BusinessWorks
9 1 (0.095%) Magento
9 1 (0.095%) Markit EDM
9 1 (0.095%) Maximo
9 1 (0.095%) Payment Gateway
9 1 (0.095%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 260 (24.64%) AWS
2 181 (17.16%) Azure
3 117 (11.09%) GitHub
4 55 (5.21%) PaaS
5 54 (5.12%) Slack
6 53 (5.02%) Serverless
7 47 (4.45%) GCP
7 47 (4.45%) SaaS
8 41 (3.89%) AWS CloudFormation
9 36 (3.41%) Amazon EKS
10 34 (3.22%) IaaS
11 32 (3.03%) Amazon EC2
12 31 (2.94%) AWS Lambda
13 29 (2.75%) Power Platform
14 27 (2.56%) npm
15 26 (2.46%) Amazon S3
16 21 (1.99%) Amazon ECS
17 19 (1.80%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 19 (1.80%) Apigee
18 18 (1.71%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 68 (6.45%) HTTP
2 34 (3.22%) Firewall
3 25 (2.37%) SSL
3 25 (2.37%) TCP/IP
4 24 (2.27%) Reverse Proxy
5 23 (2.18%) DNS
6 17 (1.61%) SNMP
6 17 (1.61%) VLAN
7 7 (0.66%) FTP
8 6 (0.57%) Intranet
8 6 (0.57%) Skype
8 6 (0.57%) SSH
8 6 (0.57%) VPN
9 5 (0.47%) DKIM
9 5 (0.47%) Internet
10 4 (0.38%) HTTPS
11 3 (0.28%) DSL
11 3 (0.28%) DVB
11 3 (0.28%) SMTP
11 3 (0.28%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 112 (10.62%) SQL Server
2 91 (8.63%) NoSQL
3 89 (8.44%) Relational Database
4 78 (7.39%) MongoDB
5 72 (6.82%) PostgreSQL
6 63 (5.97%) MySQL
7 28 (2.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 28 (2.65%) Data Warehouse
8 27 (2.56%) Power BI
9 26 (2.46%) Oracle Database
10 23 (2.18%) Big Data
11 21 (1.99%) Hadoop
12 20 (1.90%) Apache Cassandra
13 19 (1.80%) Amazon RDS
13 19 (1.80%) Redis
14 17 (1.61%) Oracle Database 11g
15 16 (1.52%) RDBMS
16 15 (1.42%) Cosmos DB
17 13 (1.23%) Oracle Database 12c
18 10 (0.95%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 315 (29.86%) Git (software)
2 305 (28.91%) Jenkins
3 168 (15.92%) JIRA
4 120 (11.37%) Maven
5 117 (11.09%) JUnit
6 112 (10.62%) Selenium
7 101 (9.57%) Cucumber
8 66 (6.26%) Sonatype Nexus
9 63 (5.97%) GitLab
9 63 (5.97%) Mockito
10 42 (3.98%) Subversion
11 40 (3.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 40 (3.79%) Jasmine
12 37 (3.51%) Xcode
13 35 (3.32%) WebDriver
14 34 (3.22%) Gradle
14 34 (3.22%) Postman
14 34 (3.22%) SoapUI
15 33 (3.13%) Android Studio
15 33 (3.13%) CocoaPods
General
1 208 (19.72%) Finance
2 139 (13.18%) Banking
3 73 (6.92%) Public Sector
4 44 (4.17%) Investment Banking
5 40 (3.79%) Front Office
6 28 (2.65%) Marketing
7 20 (1.90%) Telecoms
8 15 (1.42%) Manufacturing
9 14 (1.33%) Retail
10 11 (1.04%) Financial Institution
11 10 (0.95%) Games
11 10 (0.95%) Retail Banking
12 8 (0.76%) Back Office
13 6 (0.57%) Electronics
13 6 (0.57%) French Language
14 5 (0.47%) Advertising
14 5 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
15 4 (0.38%) Law
16 3 (0.28%) Automotive
16 3 (0.28%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 615 (58.29%) Developer
2 179 (16.97%) Java Developer
3 98 (9.29%) Architect
4 77 (7.30%) Senior Developer
5 57 (5.40%) Full Stack Developer
6 55 (5.21%) .NET Developer
7 49 (4.64%) DevOps Engineer
8 48 (4.55%) Python Developer
9 42 (3.98%) Solutions Architect
10 40 (3.79%) Consultant
11 39 (3.70%) C# Developer
12 37 (3.51%) Senior Java Developer
13 36 (3.41%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 33 (3.13%) Angular Developer
14 33 (3.13%) AWS Engineer
15 29 (2.75%) Tester
16 28 (2.65%) Analyst
16 28 (2.65%) AWS Developer
16 28 (2.65%) JavaScript Developer
16 28 (2.65%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 291 (27.58%) SOAP
2 279 (26.45%) Web Services
3 251 (23.79%) Spring
4 239 (22.65%) JSON
5 226 (21.42%) HTML
6 187 (17.73%) CSS
7 161 (15.26%) Spring Boot
8 158 (14.98%) Node.js
8 158 (14.98%) XML
9 147 (13.93%) AngularJS
10 137 (12.99%) .NET
11 115 (10.90%) React
12 97 (9.19%) HTML5
13 76 (7.20%) Middleware
14 65 (6.16%) Apache Camel
15 62 (5.88%) jQuery
16 61 (5.78%) .NET Framework
17 58 (5.50%) RESTful
18 56 (5.31%) Kafka
18 56 (5.31%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 92 (8.72%) Mobile App
2 79 (7.49%) User Experience
3 55 (5.21%) Analytical Skills
4 48 (4.55%) Enterprise Software
5 27 (2.56%) Cloud Native
6 20 (1.90%) Data Structures
6 20 (1.90%) Greenfield Project
7 17 (1.61%) Algorithms
8 16 (1.52%) Clustering
9 15 (1.42%) Fixed Income
10 14 (1.33%) Public Cloud
11 13 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
12 11 (1.04%) CMDB
13 10 (0.95%) Management Information System
13 10 (0.95%) PKI
14 8 (0.76%) Data Centre
14 8 (0.76%) Private Cloud
14 8 (0.76%) Self-Motivation
14 8 (0.76%) Virtual Team
15 7 (0.66%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 154 (14.60%) Linux
2 82 (7.77%) Android
3 80 (7.58%) Apple iOS
4 78 (7.39%) Windows
5 53 (5.02%) Unix
6 30 (2.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 20 (1.90%) CentOS
7 20 (1.90%) Windows Server
7 20 (1.90%) Windows Server 2016
8 16 (1.52%) Windows 10
9 15 (1.42%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.47%) Solaris
11 4 (0.38%) Data ONTAP
11 4 (0.38%) Oracle Linux
11 4 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.28%) Debian
13 2 (0.19%) Ubuntu
13 2 (0.19%) VMS
14 1 (0.095%) Amazon Linux
14 1 (0.095%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 563 (53.36%) Agile Software Development
2 326 (30.90%) Microservices
3 299 (28.34%) DevOps
4 243 (23.03%) Test Automation
5 210 (19.91%) Scrum
6 179 (16.97%) TDD
7 162 (15.36%) BDD
8 154 (14.60%) Continuous Integration
9 112 (10.62%) Open Source
10 105 (9.95%) Kanban
11 99 (9.38%) Pair Programming
12 94 (8.91%) Unit Testing
13 89 (8.44%) Software Engineering
14 83 (7.87%) OO
15 71 (6.73%) Continuous Delivery
16 70 (6.64%) SOA
17 69 (6.54%) Problem-Solving
18 68 (6.45%) SDLC
19 64 (6.07%) API Development
20 57 (5.40%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 531 (50.33%) Java
2 298 (28.25%) JavaScript
3 249 (23.60%) SQL
4 229 (21.71%) Python
5 160 (15.17%) C#
6 125 (11.85%) Java 8
7 75 (7.11%) PowerShell
8 62 (5.88%) Bash Shell
9 49 (4.64%) Apple Swift
10 47 (4.45%) Kotlin
10 47 (4.45%) TypeScript
11 44 (4.17%) Go
12 39 (3.70%) PL/SQL
13 30 (2.84%) C
14 26 (2.46%) Shell Script
15 25 (2.37%) Scala
16 24 (2.27%) ES6
17 22 (2.09%) PHP
18 19 (1.80%) Groovy
19 18 (1.71%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 187 (17.73%) Security Cleared
2 164 (15.55%) SC Cleared
3 44 (4.17%) Degree
4 25 (2.37%) DV Cleared
5 24 (2.27%) Computer Science Degree
6 12 (1.14%) ISTQB
7 11 (1.04%) Master's Degree
8 10 (0.95%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 9 (0.85%) TOGAF Certification
10 7 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
11 4 (0.38%) ISEB
12 3 (0.28%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
12 3 (0.28%) SANS
13 2 (0.19%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 2 (0.19%) CEH
13 2 (0.19%) CISSP
13 2 (0.19%) CSSLP
13 2 (0.19%) DBS Check
13 2 (0.19%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 89 (8.44%) QA
2 8 (0.76%) WCAG
3 4 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
3 4 (0.38%) GDPR
3 4 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (0.38%) NIST
3 4 (0.38%) PSD2
4 2 (0.19%) Cyber Essentials
4 2 (0.19%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
4 2 (0.19%) ISO 9001
4 2 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 2 (0.19%) MiFID
4 2 (0.19%) NCSC
5 1 (0.095%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.095%) PMO
5 1 (0.095%) SLA
System Software
1 198 (18.77%) Docker
2 24 (2.27%) Active Directory
3 22 (2.09%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (1.99%) vSphere
5 10 (0.95%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.38%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.38%) NFS
7 3 (0.28%) VMware NSX
8 2 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.19%) Postfix
8 2 (0.19%) Samba
9 1 (0.095%) OpenAM
9 1 (0.095%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 140 (13.27%) Kubernetes
2 76 (7.20%) Terraform
3 72 (6.82%) Ansible
4 34 (3.22%) Grafana
5 33 (3.13%) Puppet
6 29 (2.75%) Opscode Chef
7 25 (2.37%) Prometheus
8 15 (1.42%) Packer
8 15 (1.42%) Single Sign-On
8 15 (1.42%) ZABBIX
9 14 (1.33%) Kibana
10 6 (0.57%) Istio
10 6 (0.57%) PingFederate
10 6 (0.57%) PowerCLI
11 5 (0.47%) HP Quality Center
12 4 (0.38%) Data Guard
12 4 (0.38%) HP ALM
12 4 (0.38%) Nagios
12 4 (0.38%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 4 (0.38%) Salt
Vendors
1 127 (12.04%) Oracle
2 90 (8.53%) Splunk
3 76 (7.20%) Microsoft
4 50 (4.74%) AppDynamics
5 47 (4.45%) Salesforce.com
6 44 (4.17%) Google
7 36 (3.41%) Atlassian
8 33 (3.13%) MuleSoft
9 30 (2.84%) IBM
10 27 (2.56%) VMware
11 26 (2.46%) ServiceNow
12 25 (2.37%) Dell
13 18 (1.71%) SAP
14 15 (1.42%) EMC
15 14 (1.33%) Blue Coat
15 14 (1.33%) F5
15 14 (1.33%) Red Hat
15 14 (1.33%) Sybase
16 11 (1.04%) TIBCO
16 11 (1.04%) Xamarin