Period
to 28 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 28 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
28 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 71 80 90
Rank change year-on-year +9 +10 +14
Permanent jobs citing REST 1,503 2,517 2,876
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 4.05% 3.55% 3.41%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.62% 9.43% 8.73%
Number of salaries quoted 1,500 2,229 2,464
Median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.53% -1.04% +6.67%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £32,000
90th Percentile £77,500 £70,000 £70,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 15,621 26,704 32,951
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 42.12% 37.71% 39.03%
Number of salaries quoted 13,128 22,113 27,121
Median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £71,250 £70,000 £67,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK excluding London

REST
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for REST in the UK excluding London

REST
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 28 January 2021.

Salary histogram for REST in the UK excluding London

REST
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 28 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +11 436 £57,500 +15.00% 92
North of England -4 341 £50,000 +11.11% 117
Midlands +52 292 £52,500 +5.00% 66
West Midlands +47 216 £55,000 +10.00% 47
North West +3 199 £50,000 +11.11% 70
South West -3 168 £50,000 +11.11% 39
East of England +60 160 £65,000 +18.18% 49
Yorkshire -7 113 £47,500 - 38
East Midlands +48 76 £45,000 +12.50% 19
Scotland -31 74 £52,500 +23.53% 29
North East -15 29 £40,000 - 9
Wales +13 25 £49,500 +26.92% 11
Northern Ireland +8 25 £45,000 -10.00% 8
Isle of Man - 1 - -
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 28 January 2021, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for REST.

1 861 (57.29%) JavaScript
2 765 (50.90%) Agile Software Development
3 534 (35.53%) C#
4 522 (34.73%) .NET
5 505 (33.60%) CSS
6 488 (32.47%) AngularJS
7 477 (31.74%) SQL
8 464 (30.87%) HTML
9 444 (29.54%) Azure
10 400 (26.61%) Microservices
11 397 (26.41%) DevOps
12 371 (24.68%) Java
13 368 (24.48%) Git (software)
14 365 (24.28%) React
15 347 (23.09%) AWS
16 334 (22.22%) TDD
17 332 (22.09%) SOAP
18 327 (21.76%) Docker
19 310 (20.63%) SQL Server
20 303 (20.16%) Web Services
20 303 (20.16%) Software Engineering
21 297 (19.76%) Node.js
22 292 (19.43%) MVC
23 266 (17.70%) Scrum
24 258 (17.17%) Test Automation
25 252 (16.77%) Python
26 237 (15.77%) .NET Core
27 219 (14.57%) Spring
28 204 (13.57%) Degree
29 199 (13.24%) .NET Framework

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (5.19%) CMS
2 42 (2.79%) Elasticsearch
3 35 (2.33%) JBoss
3 35 (2.33%) Tomcat
4 34 (2.26%) Confluence
5 28 (1.86%) Umbraco
5 28 (1.86%) WordPress
6 24 (1.60%) OpenStack
7 20 (1.33%) Apache
7 20 (1.33%) IIS
8 18 (1.20%) Apache Spark
9 16 (1.06%) SharePoint
10 15 (1.00%) Drupal
11 14 (0.93%) Red Hat Fuse
12 13 (0.86%) Mule
12 13 (0.86%) Mule ESB
12 13 (0.86%) WebSphere
13 9 (0.60%) WebLogic
14 7 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
14 7 (0.47%) GlassFish
Applications
1 13 (0.86%) Figma
1 13 (0.86%) Photoshop
2 12 (0.80%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 8 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.27%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.20%) Adobe XD
6 2 (0.13%) AutoCAD
6 2 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.067%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.067%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 15 (1.00%) Magento
2 11 (0.73%) Dynamics CRM
3 9 (0.60%) Oracle BPM
4 7 (0.47%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 7 (0.47%) Shopify
5 5 (0.33%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 4 (0.27%) NetSuite
6 4 (0.27%) Social Studio
7 3 (0.20%) Maximo
8 2 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.067%) JDE EnterpriseOne
9 1 (0.067%) JDE OneWorld
9 1 (0.067%) Payment Gateway
9 1 (0.067%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 1 (0.067%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 444 (29.54%) Azure
2 347 (23.09%) AWS
3 138 (9.18%) SaaS
4 119 (7.92%) GCP
5 101 (6.72%) Serverless
6 68 (4.52%) GitHub
7 47 (3.13%) AWS Lambda
8 39 (2.59%) Cloud Computing
9 38 (2.53%) PaaS
10 36 (2.40%) Amazon ECS
11 34 (2.26%) IaaS
11 34 (2.26%) npm
12 32 (2.13%) Amazon EC2
13 26 (1.73%) Amazon EKS
14 21 (1.40%) Power Platform
15 15 (1.00%) Dynamics 365
15 15 (1.00%) OpenShift
15 15 (1.00%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 14 (0.93%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
17 13 (0.86%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 95 (6.32%) HTTP
2 22 (1.46%) Internet
3 17 (1.13%) TCP/IP
4 13 (0.86%) SSL
5 10 (0.67%) AMQP
5 10 (0.67%) Firewall
5 10 (0.67%) RTP
6 5 (0.33%) DNS
7 4 (0.27%) Wi-Fi
8 3 (0.20%) Bluetooth
8 3 (0.20%) FTP
8 3 (0.20%) RTSP
8 3 (0.20%) SMTP
8 3 (0.20%) Unified Communications
8 3 (0.20%) Wireless
8 3 (0.20%) ZigBee
9 2 (0.13%) DHCP
9 2 (0.13%) NetScaler
9 2 (0.13%) SNMP
9 2 (0.13%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 310 (20.63%) SQL Server
2 191 (12.71%) MySQL
3 189 (12.57%) MongoDB
4 142 (9.45%) NoSQL
5 108 (7.19%) PostgreSQL
6 106 (7.05%) Relational Database
7 54 (3.59%) Redis
8 29 (1.93%) Big Data
9 28 (1.86%) Hadoop
10 24 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
11 23 (1.53%) SQL Server 2012
12 20 (1.33%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 18 (1.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 16 (1.06%) Apache Hive
15 15 (1.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 15 (1.00%) Power BI
16 13 (0.86%) Cosmos DB
17 12 (0.80%) GIS
18 11 (0.73%) Amazon RDS
18 11 (0.73%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 368 (24.48%) Git (software)
2 120 (7.98%) Jenkins
3 103 (6.85%) JIRA
4 88 (5.85%) JUnit
5 64 (4.26%) Selenium
6 57 (3.79%) Maven
7 50 (3.33%) TeamCity
8 38 (2.53%) Mockito
9 36 (2.40%) Visual Studio
10 35 (2.33%) NUnit
10 35 (2.33%) webpack
11 34 (2.26%) Gradle
12 32 (2.13%) IntelliJ
13 30 (2.00%) gulp
13 30 (2.00%) Team Foundation Server
14 24 (1.60%) Bitbucket
15 23 (1.53%) Subversion
16 19 (1.26%) Karma Test Runner
16 19 (1.26%) Moq
16 19 (1.26%) MSTest
General
1 181 (12.04%) Finance
2 74 (4.92%) Marketing
3 67 (4.46%) Public Sector
4 62 (4.13%) Telecoms
5 49 (3.26%) Electronics
6 48 (3.19%) Manufacturing
7 25 (1.66%) Automotive
8 24 (1.60%) Banking
8 24 (1.60%) Games
8 24 (1.60%) Retail
9 15 (1.00%) Law
10 9 (0.60%) Back Office
11 7 (0.47%) Local Government
12 6 (0.40%) Advertising
13 4 (0.27%) Aerospace
13 4 (0.27%) Avionics
13 4 (0.27%) Police
14 3 (0.20%) Publishing
15 2 (0.13%) Financial Institution
15 2 (0.13%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,052 (69.99%) Developer
2 223 (14.84%) Senior Developer
3 195 (12.97%) .NET Developer
4 177 (11.78%) Java Developer
5 160 (10.65%) Software Developer
6 144 (9.58%) Full Stack Developer
7 123 (8.18%) C# Developer
8 109 (7.25%) Software Engineer
9 100 (6.65%) PHP Developer
10 96 (6.39%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 90 (5.99%) C# .NET Developer
12 88 (5.85%) Lead Developer
13 86 (5.72%) Architect
14 80 (5.32%) JavaScript Developer
15 65 (4.32%) React Developer
16 54 (3.59%) Senior Software Engineer
17 50 (3.33%) .NET Software Developer
17 50 (3.33%) Python Developer
18 49 (3.26%) Senior .NET Developer
19 47 (3.13%) C# Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 522 (34.73%) .NET
2 505 (33.60%) CSS
3 488 (32.47%) AngularJS
4 464 (30.87%) HTML
5 365 (24.28%) React
6 332 (22.09%) SOAP
7 303 (20.16%) Web Services
8 297 (19.76%) Node.js
9 237 (15.77%) .NET Core
10 219 (14.57%) Spring
11 199 (13.24%) .NET Framework
12 194 (12.91%) ASP.NET
13 182 (12.11%) JSON
14 180 (11.98%) jQuery
15 165 (10.98%) XML
16 141 (9.38%) HTML5
17 136 (9.05%) Vue.js
18 111 (7.39%) Spring Boot
19 110 (7.32%) Django
20 106 (7.05%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 160 (10.65%) User Experience
2 82 (5.46%) Greenfield Project
3 75 (4.99%) Analytical Skills
4 55 (3.66%) Mobile App
5 53 (3.53%) Management Information System
6 38 (2.53%) Enterprise Software
7 35 (2.33%) Data Structures
8 31 (2.06%) Cloud Native
9 30 (2.00%) Blog
10 29 (1.93%) Algorithms
10 29 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
11 21 (1.40%) Linux Command Line
12 19 (1.26%) Public Cloud
13 12 (0.80%) Acoustics
13 12 (0.80%) Smartphone
14 11 (0.73%) Client/Server
14 11 (0.73%) Life Science
15 9 (0.60%) Private Cloud
16 7 (0.47%) N-Tier
16 7 (0.47%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 176 (11.71%) Linux
2 79 (5.26%) Windows
3 39 (2.59%) Unix
4 34 (2.26%) Android
5 25 (1.66%) Apple iOS
6 14 (0.93%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.40%) CentOS
8 5 (0.33%) Amazon Linux
8 5 (0.33%) Windows Server
9 4 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (0.20%) Windows Server 2016
11 2 (0.13%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.13%) Solaris
12 1 (0.067%) AIX
12 1 (0.067%) Data ONTAP
12 1 (0.067%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 765 (50.90%) Agile Software Development
2 400 (26.61%) Microservices
3 397 (26.41%) DevOps
4 334 (22.22%) TDD
5 303 (20.16%) Software Engineering
6 292 (19.43%) MVC
7 266 (17.70%) Scrum
8 258 (17.17%) Test Automation
9 167 (11.11%) Unit Testing
10 163 (10.84%) BDD
11 160 (10.65%) Continuous Integration
12 142 (9.45%) Front End Development
13 141 (9.38%) OOP
14 137 (9.12%) Problem-Solving
15 127 (8.45%) OO
16 124 (8.25%) SDLC
17 111 (7.39%) API Development
18 108 (7.19%) Mentoring
19 107 (7.12%) Kanban
20 106 (7.05%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 861 (57.29%) JavaScript
2 534 (35.53%) C#
3 477 (31.74%) SQL
4 371 (24.68%) Java
5 252 (16.77%) Python
6 199 (13.24%) PHP
7 135 (8.98%) TypeScript
8 80 (5.32%) Java 8
9 65 (4.32%) Go
10 64 (4.26%) T-SQL
11 50 (3.33%) C++
12 48 (3.19%) ES6
12 48 (3.19%) PowerShell
13 39 (2.59%) Apex Code
14 22 (1.46%) SOQL
15 20 (1.33%) VB.NET
16 18 (1.20%) Kotlin
17 17 (1.13%) Bash Shell
17 17 (1.13%) C
18 16 (1.06%) Scala
Qualifications
1 204 (13.57%) Degree
2 57 (3.79%) Security Cleared
3 44 (2.93%) SC Cleared
4 40 (2.66%) Computer Science Degree
5 22 (1.46%) PhD
6 16 (1.06%) ISTQB
7 15 (1.00%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 14 (0.93%) ISEB
9 7 (0.47%) TOGAF Certification
10 6 (0.40%) DV Cleared
10 6 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.20%) DBS Check
11 3 (0.20%) MCPD
12 2 (0.13%) SANS
13 1 (0.067%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 1 (0.067%) Cisco Certification
13 1 (0.067%) CISSP
13 1 (0.067%) CompTIA Security+
13 1 (0.067%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (5.19%) QA
2 11 (0.73%) GDPR
3 7 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 7 (0.47%) SLA
4 4 (0.27%) ISO 9001
5 3 (0.20%) HL7
6 2 (0.13%) PMO
7 1 (0.067%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.067%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.067%) ISO 13485
7 1 (0.067%) NIST
7 1 (0.067%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 327 (21.76%) Docker
2 11 (0.73%) VMware Infrastructure
3 9 (0.60%) Active Directory
4 7 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.33%) vSphere
6 4 (0.27%) KVM
7 3 (0.20%) Varnish
7 3 (0.20%) zsh
8 1 (0.067%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 187 (12.44%) Kubernetes
2 70 (4.66%) Terraform
3 62 (4.13%) Ansible
4 34 (2.26%) Puppet
5 16 (1.06%) Single Sign-On
6 15 (1.00%) Opscode Chef
7 8 (0.53%) MIIS
8 7 (0.47%) Salt
9 5 (0.33%) Kibana
10 3 (0.20%) Grafana
10 3 (0.20%) ITRS Geneos
10 3 (0.20%) logstash
11 2 (0.13%) CA Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.13%) cPanel
11 2 (0.13%) Docker Swarm
11 2 (0.13%) Plesk
11 2 (0.13%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.13%) vRealize
11 2 (0.13%) ZABBIX
12 1 (0.067%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 161 (10.71%) Microsoft
2 75 (4.99%) Google
3 65 (4.32%) Oracle
4 51 (3.39%) Salesforce.com
5 42 (2.79%) SAP
6 34 (2.26%) Zend
7 25 (1.66%) IBM
8 24 (1.60%) VMware
9 19 (1.26%) Red Hat
10 14 (0.93%) Atlassian
10 14 (0.93%) WSO2
10 14 (0.93%) Xamarin
11 12 (0.80%) Adobe
11 12 (0.80%) Pega
12 10 (0.67%) ServiceNow
13 8 (0.53%) Ariba
13 8 (0.53%) webMethods
14 7 (0.47%) Databricks
15 6 (0.40%) Arista
15 6 (0.40%) Cisco