Period
to 15 May 2021

The median contractor rate for an Automation Tester was £425 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 15 May 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automation Tester
UK
6 months to
15 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 454 395 386
Rank change year-on-year -59 -9 +56
Contract jobs requiring an Automation Tester 230 248 597
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.40% 0.50% 0.65%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.43% 0.53% 0.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 160 170 368
10th Percentile £300 £320 £313
25th Percentile £362 £363 £356
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £425 £416 £425
Median % change year-on-year +2.10% -2.06% +5.92%
75th Percentile £500 £475 £475
90th Percentile £538 £538 £511
UK excluding London median daily rate £423 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +5.63% - -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 53,056 46,786 86,279
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.82% 93.71% 94.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 36,361 31,067 57,916
10th Percentile £290 £235 £273
25th Percentile £388 £363 £368
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £463 £473
Median % change year-on-year +2.70% -2.22% +5.11%
75th Percentile £575 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,709 1,738 2,607
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.61 £11.00
25th Percentile £14.58 £14.17 £13.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £19.00 £18.06
Median % change year-on-year +18.42% +5.23% +3.17%
75th Percentile £45.00 £38.75 £40.12
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +1.04%

Automation Tester
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Automation Tester in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Automation Tester in the UK

Automation Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Automation Tester.

Daily rate trend for Automation Tester in the UK

Automation Tester
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Automation Tester over the 6 months to 15 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Automation Tester in the UK

Automation Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Automation Tester.

Hourly rate trend for Automation Tester in the UK

Automation Tester
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Automation Tester within the UK over the 6 months to 15 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -68 159 £425 +0.59% 37
Work from Home -184 96 £418 -1.76% 7
UK excluding London -30 82 £423 +5.63% 31
London -55 75 £438 +2.94% 10
North of England +26 25 £400 +1.91% 8
South East +6 19 £403 +7.33% 9
Scotland -18 15 £416 +11.00% 4
North West +10 11 £385 +4.12% 4
East of England +28 9 £450 +6.51%
North East +22 9 £440 +5.07%
Midlands -27 7 £321 -10.76% 6
Yorkshire +27 5 £400 +5.96% 4
South West +15 5 £506 +12.50% 4
West Midlands -19 5 £330 -8.33% 4
East Midlands +10 2 £290 -18.96% 2
Wales +9 2 £425 -

Automation Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 15 May 2021, Automation Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Automation Tester in the job title.

1 230 (100.00%) Test Automation
2 130 (56.52%) Selenium
3 119 (51.74%) Java
4 113 (49.13%) Agile Software Development
5 85 (36.96%) Jenkins
6 83 (36.09%) Cucumber
7 65 (28.26%) BDD
8 60 (26.09%) Postman
9 59 (25.65%) JIRA
10 58 (25.22%) QA
11 52 (22.61%) SQL
11 52 (22.61%) Python
12 50 (21.74%) Azure
13 48 (20.87%) C#
14 43 (18.70%) Continuous Integration
14 43 (18.70%) SoapUI
15 38 (16.52%) TDD
16 37 (16.09%) Git (software)
17 35 (15.22%) DevOps
18 34 (14.78%) Software Testing
18 34 (14.78%) API Testing
19 33 (14.35%) SOAP
20 31 (13.48%) RESTful
20 31 (13.48%) Security Cleared
20 31 (13.48%) Social Skills
21 30 (13.04%) Scrum
22 29 (12.61%) WebDriver
23 28 (12.17%) REST Assured
24 27 (11.74%) Scenario Testing
24 27 (11.74%) JMeter

Automation Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (9.57%) Confluence
2 8 (3.48%) WebSphere
3 4 (1.74%) Apache Spark
3 4 (1.74%) IBM Domino
4 2 (0.87%) Anypoint
4 2 (0.87%) Apache
5 1 (0.43%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (0.43%) JBoss
5 1 (0.43%) Mule
5 1 (0.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 1 (0.43%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 6 (2.61%) Magento
2 2 (0.87%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.43%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.43%) SAP HCM
Cloud Services
1 50 (21.74%) Azure
2 18 (7.83%) AWS
3 12 (5.22%) Serverless
4 7 (3.04%) GitHub
5 6 (2.61%) Azure Active Directory
5 6 (2.61%) Azure Functions
6 5 (2.17%) Boomi
7 4 (1.74%) OpenShift
7 4 (1.74%) Slack
8 3 (1.30%) BrowserStack
8 3 (1.30%) Tricentis Tosca
9 2 (0.87%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 2 (0.87%) Power Platform
9 2 (0.87%) Sauce Labs
10 1 (0.43%) AWS Lambda
10 1 (0.43%) Firebase
10 1 (0.43%) IaaS
10 1 (0.43%) PowerApps
10 1 (0.43%) SuccessFactors
10 1 (0.43%) TestFlight
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.61%) HTTP
2 2 (0.87%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.43%) HTTPS
3 1 (0.43%) SIGTRAN
3 1 (0.43%) SMPP
3 1 (0.43%) SMS
3 1 (0.43%) SS7
3 1 (0.43%) SSL
3 1 (0.43%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (6.09%) SQL Server
2 9 (3.91%) DB2
3 6 (2.61%) DbVisualizer
4 4 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
4 4 (1.74%) NoSQL
4 4 (1.74%) PostgreSQL
5 3 (1.30%) MongoDB
5 3 (1.30%) MySQL
6 2 (0.87%) Big Data
6 2 (0.87%) Hadoop
6 2 (0.87%) Relational Database
7 1 (0.43%) Azure SQL Database
7 1 (0.43%) Data Lake
7 1 (0.43%) Data Mining
7 1 (0.43%) MS Access
7 1 (0.43%) Power BI
7 1 (0.43%) RDBMS
7 1 (0.43%) SQL Server 2019
7 1 (0.43%) SQL Server Analysis Services
7 1 (0.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 130 (56.52%) Selenium
2 85 (36.96%) Jenkins
3 83 (36.09%) Cucumber
4 60 (26.09%) Postman
5 59 (25.65%) JIRA
6 43 (18.70%) SoapUI
7 37 (16.09%) Git (software)
8 29 (12.61%) WebDriver
9 28 (12.17%) REST Assured
10 27 (11.74%) JMeter
10 27 (11.74%) SpecFlow
11 22 (9.57%) Maven
12 21 (9.13%) Appium
13 14 (6.09%) JUnit
14 12 (5.22%) IntelliJ
15 9 (3.91%) Gatling
15 9 (3.91%) TestNG
16 8 (3.48%) HP UFT
16 8 (3.48%) Visual Studio
17 7 (3.04%) GitLab
General
1 31 (13.48%) Social Skills
2 24 (10.43%) Banking
2 24 (10.43%) Finance
3 18 (7.83%) Analytical Skills
4 10 (4.35%) Public Sector
5 8 (3.48%) Retail
6 5 (2.17%) Retail Banking
7 3 (1.30%) Manufacturing
8 2 (0.87%) Games
8 2 (0.87%) Investment Banking
8 2 (0.87%) Multimedia
9 1 (0.43%) Law
9 1 (0.43%) Local Government
9 1 (0.43%) Police
9 1 (0.43%) Presentation Skills
9 1 (0.43%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 33 (14.35%) SOAP
2 31 (13.48%) RESTful
3 27 (11.74%) Gherkin
4 24 (10.43%) REST
5 21 (9.13%) Web Services
6 20 (8.70%) .NET
7 17 (7.39%) JSON
8 15 (6.52%) XML
9 12 (5.22%) Beautiful Soup
9 12 (5.22%) pytest
10 9 (3.91%) WireMock
11 8 (3.48%) .NET Framework
11 8 (3.48%) AngularJS
11 8 (3.48%) Swagger
12 7 (3.04%) .NET Core
12 7 (3.04%) HTML
13 6 (2.61%) OAuth
13 6 (2.61%) OAuth2
14 5 (2.17%) Entity Framework
14 5 (2.17%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 12 (5.22%) Mobile App
1 12 (5.22%) Self-Motivation
2 5 (2.17%) Greenfield Project
2 5 (2.17%) NHS
3 3 (1.30%) User Experience
4 2 (0.87%) Algorithms
4 2 (0.87%) Cloud Native
4 2 (0.87%) Virtual Team
5 1 (0.43%) Client/Server
5 1 (0.43%) Cyberattack
5 1 (0.43%) Derivative
5 1 (0.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 1 (0.43%) Mainframe
5 1 (0.43%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 16 (6.96%) Unix
2 14 (6.09%) Linux
3 6 (2.61%) Apple iOS
3 6 (2.61%) Windows
4 5 (2.17%) Android
5 3 (1.30%) CentOS
5 3 (1.30%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 230 (100.00%) Test Automation
2 113 (49.13%) Agile Software Development
3 65 (28.26%) BDD
4 43 (18.70%) Continuous Integration
5 38 (16.52%) TDD
6 35 (15.22%) DevOps
7 34 (14.78%) API Testing
7 34 (14.78%) Software Testing
8 30 (13.04%) Scrum
9 27 (11.74%) Scenario Testing
10 24 (10.43%) SDET
11 23 (10.00%) Manual Testing
11 23 (10.00%) QA Automation
12 21 (9.13%) Functional Testing
12 21 (9.13%) Regression Testing
13 18 (7.83%) Test Scripting
14 17 (7.39%) Integration Testing
15 16 (6.96%) Exploratory Testing
15 16 (6.96%) Performance Testing
16 15 (6.52%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 119 (51.74%) Java
2 52 (22.61%) Python
2 52 (22.61%) SQL
3 48 (20.87%) C#
4 24 (10.43%) JavaScript
5 9 (3.91%) Java 8
5 9 (3.91%) Ruby
6 7 (3.04%) Bash Shell
6 7 (3.04%) Groovy
7 6 (2.61%) Shell Script
8 5 (2.17%) VB
8 5 (2.17%) VBScript
9 4 (1.74%) C
9 4 (1.74%) C++
9 4 (1.74%) PHP
9 4 (1.74%) PowerShell
10 3 (1.30%) PL/SQL
11 2 (0.87%) Apple Swift
11 2 (0.87%) Kotlin
11 2 (0.87%) Perl
Qualifications
1 31 (13.48%) Security Cleared
2 23 (10.00%) SC Cleared
3 13 (5.65%) ISTQB
4 12 (5.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 4 (1.74%) ISEB
6 3 (1.30%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (1.30%) Degree
7 1 (0.43%) Computer Science Degree
7 1 (0.43%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.43%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (25.22%) QA
2 1 (0.43%) Disclosure Scotland
2 1 (0.43%) WCAG
System Software
1 17 (7.39%) Docker
2 6 (2.61%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 9 (3.91%) HP ALM
2 7 (3.04%) Kubernetes
3 5 (2.17%) Rancher
4 2 (0.87%) Grafana
4 2 (0.87%) HP Quality Center
4 2 (0.87%) Kibana
4 2 (0.87%) Terraform
5 1 (0.43%) Ansible
5 1 (0.43%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.43%) Puppet
Vendors
1 13 (5.65%) Oracle
2 12 (5.22%) Microsoft
3 11 (4.78%) HP
4 8 (3.48%) IBM
5 6 (2.61%) hybris
6 4 (1.74%) Atlassian
6 4 (1.74%) Dell
6 4 (1.74%) Xerox
7 3 (1.30%) AppDynamics
7 3 (1.30%) CA Agile Central
7 3 (1.30%) MuleSoft
7 3 (1.30%) New Relic
7 3 (1.30%) SAP
8 2 (0.87%) CA
8 2 (0.87%) Micro Focus
8 2 (0.87%) Perfecto Mobile
9 1 (0.43%) Google
9 1 (0.43%) Salesforce.com
9 1 (0.43%) Splunk
9 1 (0.43%) Xamarin