Period
to 1 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 205 157 173
Rank change year-on-year -48 +16 +1
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 765 1,714 1,597
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.23% 1.78% 1.57%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.07% 8.50% 8.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 519 1,133 1,191
Median daily rate £450 £460 £458
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.17% +0.55% +7.65%
10th Percentile £338 £325 £325
90th Percentile £600 £599 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £448 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.29% - +13.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 3 3
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £70.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -50.35% +116.92%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - £28.00

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 10,822 20,171 19,357
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.42% 20.93% 19.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,039 13,675 13,470
Median daily rate £488 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.56% +1.05% +11.76%
10th Percentile £330 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 207 285 221
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.16% -4.44% +9.76%
10th Percentile £18.25 £25.16 £29.00
90th Percentile £63.30 £54.50 £67.25
Median hourly rate £37.50 £43.75 £43.75
% change year-on-year -14.29% - +6.71%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -53 688 £475 +1.60% 140
UK excluding London -26 438 £448 +5.29% 99
London -54 315 £500 - 59
South East +10 119 £469 +9.65% 17
South West -4 96 £463 +5.11% 20
North of England -29 86 £450 +7.02% 29
Midlands -8 57 £428 +0.71% 9
Scotland -8 45 £370 -7.50% 8
West Midlands -17 42 £450 +5.88% 4
North East -9 35 £450 +38.46%
North West +5 27 £475 +13.03% 15
Yorkshire +6 25 £400 -20.00% 14
Wales +19 17 £425 - 11
East of England +17 16 £413 +7.84% 6
East Midlands +28 15 £375 -6.25% 5
Work from Home -10 10 £556 +11.81% 10
Northern Ireland +9 3 £431 +4.61%

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 506 (66.14%) Test Automation
2 498 (65.10%) Agile Software Development
3 480 (62.75%) Java
4 440 (57.52%) Selenium
5 303 (39.61%) Jenkins
6 283 (36.99%) BDD
7 225 (29.41%) JavaScript
8 198 (25.88%) JIRA
9 187 (24.44%) DevOps
10 186 (24.31%) Git (software)
11 184 (24.05%) SQL
12 175 (22.88%) TDD
13 174 (22.75%) Scrum
13 174 (22.75%) Continuous Integration
14 155 (20.26%) QA
14 155 (20.26%) Spring
15 154 (20.13%) JUnit
16 149 (19.48%) Gherkin
17 142 (18.56%) Docker
18 141 (18.43%) Microservices
19 138 (18.04%) REST
19 138 (18.04%) AWS
20 132 (17.25%) Security Cleared
21 118 (15.42%) C#
22 116 (15.16%) Finance
22 116 (15.16%) Confluence
23 115 (15.03%) Node.js
24 109 (14.25%) WebDriver
25 107 (13.99%) Maven
26 105 (13.73%) JSON

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 116 (15.16%) Confluence
2 35 (4.58%) Tomcat
3 28 (3.66%) Apache
4 21 (2.75%) WebLogic
5 18 (2.35%) Elasticsearch
6 17 (2.22%) Apache Spark
6 17 (2.22%) WebSphere
7 13 (1.70%) nginx
8 11 (1.44%) IIS
9 10 (1.31%) JBoss
10 8 (1.05%) SAS
11 7 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
12 6 (0.78%) GemFire
13 4 (0.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 4 (0.52%) CMS
13 4 (0.52%) Mule
14 1 (0.13%) Apache Airflow
14 1 (0.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 1 (0.13%) Sitecore CMS
14 1 (0.13%) WordPress
Applications
1 7 (0.92%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.13%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 6 (0.78%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.65%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.39%) Oracle Cash Management
3 3 (0.39%) SAP FI-CA
3 3 (0.39%) SAP PSCD
4 1 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.13%) SAP Business ByDesign
4 1 (0.13%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 138 (18.04%) AWS
2 78 (10.20%) GitHub
3 73 (9.54%) Azure
4 30 (3.92%) Serverless
5 27 (3.53%) OpenShift
6 26 (3.40%) GCP
7 22 (2.88%) Google Analytics
8 20 (2.61%) AWS Lambda
9 16 (2.09%) PaaS
9 16 (2.09%) SaaS
10 14 (1.83%) Amazon S3
11 13 (1.70%) npm
11 13 (1.70%) Slack
12 12 (1.57%) BrowserStack
13 7 (0.92%) Amazon EC2
13 7 (0.92%) Amazon ECS
13 7 (0.92%) Boomi
13 7 (0.92%) Cloud Computing
14 6 (0.78%) Heroku
14 6 (0.78%) Kong
Communications & Networking
1 39 (5.10%) HTTP
2 26 (3.40%) TCP/IP
3 21 (2.75%) SSL
4 14 (1.83%) DSL
5 8 (1.05%) Firewall
6 6 (0.78%) AMQP
6 6 (0.78%) LAN
7 5 (0.65%) DHCP
7 5 (0.65%) WAN
7 5 (0.65%) Wireshark
8 4 (0.52%) Internet
9 3 (0.39%) FTP
10 1 (0.13%) PuTTY
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (9.54%) MongoDB
2 49 (6.41%) NoSQL
3 46 (6.01%) SQL Server
4 34 (4.44%) PostgreSQL
5 32 (4.18%) Relational Database
6 21 (2.75%) MySQL
7 17 (2.22%) DB2
8 16 (2.09%) RDBMS
9 12 (1.57%) Big Data
10 11 (1.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 9 (1.18%) Apache Cassandra
11 9 (1.18%) Hadoop
11 9 (1.18%) Pentaho
12 7 (0.92%) Sqoop
13 5 (0.65%) Apache Hive
13 5 (0.65%) MariaDB
13 5 (0.65%) Oracle Database
13 5 (0.65%) Redis
14 4 (0.52%) Couchbase
14 4 (0.52%) HBase
Development Applications
1 440 (57.52%) Selenium
2 303 (39.61%) Jenkins
3 198 (25.88%) JIRA
4 186 (24.31%) Git (software)
5 154 (20.13%) JUnit
6 109 (14.25%) WebDriver
7 107 (13.99%) Maven
8 70 (9.15%) Gatling
9 69 (9.02%) JMeter
10 64 (8.37%) SoapUI
11 63 (8.24%) Postman
12 58 (7.58%) Mockito
13 52 (6.80%) SpecFlow
14 51 (6.67%) REST Assured
15 40 (5.23%) Bitbucket
16 39 (5.10%) GitLab
17 33 (4.31%) Gradle
18 32 (4.18%) Mocha
19 31 (4.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 31 (4.05%) Protractor
General
1 116 (15.16%) Finance
2 70 (9.15%) Public Sector
3 55 (7.19%) Banking
4 41 (5.36%) Retail
5 14 (1.83%) Front Office
6 6 (0.78%) Retail Banking
6 6 (0.78%) Telecoms
7 4 (0.52%) Law
7 4 (0.52%) Police
8 3 (0.39%) Advertising
9 2 (0.26%) Automotive
9 2 (0.26%) Corporate Banking
9 2 (0.26%) Investment Banking
9 2 (0.26%) Manufacturing
9 2 (0.26%) Marketing
9 2 (0.26%) Publishing
10 1 (0.13%) Electronics
10 1 (0.13%) French Language
10 1 (0.13%) Games
10 1 (0.13%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 254 (33.20%) Developer
2 149 (19.48%) Tester
3 124 (16.21%) Java Developer
4 121 (15.82%) Automation Tester
5 98 (12.81%) Analyst
6 89 (11.63%) Test Engineer
7 87 (11.37%) Test Analyst
8 52 (6.80%) Test Automation Engineer
9 49 (6.41%) Automation Test Analyst
10 45 (5.88%) QA Engineer
11 41 (5.36%) Java Engineer
12 36 (4.71%) Developer in Test
13 32 (4.18%) React Developer
14 30 (3.92%) DevOps Engineer
15 29 (3.79%) Software Engineer
16 28 (3.66%) Test Leader
17 25 (3.27%) Senior Developer
18 24 (3.14%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 24 (3.14%) Software Developer
19 20 (2.61%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 155 (20.26%) Spring
2 149 (19.48%) Gherkin
3 138 (18.04%) REST
4 115 (15.03%) Node.js
5 105 (13.73%) JSON
6 100 (13.07%) RESTful
7 98 (12.81%) XML
8 94 (12.29%) Web Services
9 86 (11.24%) CSS
10 82 (10.72%) Spring Boot
11 81 (10.59%) HTML
12 75 (9.80%) AngularJS
13 67 (8.76%) .NET
14 64 (8.37%) SOAP
15 56 (7.32%) React
16 40 (5.23%) Hibernate
17 37 (4.84%) WireMock
18 34 (4.44%) HTML5
19 31 (4.05%) Kafka
20 27 (3.53%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 59 (7.71%) Analytical Skills
2 39 (5.10%) Mobile App
3 21 (2.75%) User Experience
4 14 (1.83%) Greenfield Project
5 9 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
5 9 (1.18%) Public Cloud
6 8 (1.05%) Virtual Team
7 6 (0.78%) Robotics
8 5 (0.65%) Cyberthreat
8 5 (0.65%) Mobile Banking
8 5 (0.65%) Xbox
9 4 (0.52%) Derivative
9 4 (0.52%) Fixed Income
9 4 (0.52%) Mobile Payment
9 4 (0.52%) NHS
10 3 (0.39%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 3 (0.39%) Mobile Wallet
10 3 (0.39%) OTC Derivatives
10 3 (0.39%) Smart Meter
10 3 (0.39%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 80 (10.46%) Linux
2 64 (8.37%) Unix
3 59 (7.71%) Windows
4 31 (4.05%) Android
5 21 (2.75%) Apple iOS
6 11 (1.44%) Ubuntu
7 10 (1.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 7 (0.92%) Solaris
9 5 (0.65%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.39%) Debian
10 3 (0.39%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.26%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.13%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 506 (66.14%) Test Automation
2 498 (65.10%) Agile Software Development
3 283 (36.99%) BDD
4 187 (24.44%) DevOps
5 175 (22.88%) TDD
6 174 (22.75%) Continuous Integration
6 174 (22.75%) Scrum
7 141 (18.43%) Microservices
8 100 (13.07%) API Testing
9 93 (12.16%) Test Scripting
10 76 (9.93%) Problem-Solving
11 72 (9.41%) Kanban
12 70 (9.15%) Test Strategy
13 67 (8.76%) Open Source
13 67 (8.76%) Scenario Testing
14 66 (8.63%) SDLC
15 62 (8.10%) Integration Testing
15 62 (8.10%) Performance Testing
16 57 (7.45%) Software Engineering
16 57 (7.45%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 480 (62.75%) Java
2 225 (29.41%) JavaScript
3 184 (24.05%) SQL
4 118 (15.42%) C#
5 93 (12.16%) Python
6 70 (9.15%) Java 8
7 64 (8.37%) Scala
8 49 (6.41%) Groovy
9 44 (5.75%) Ruby
10 38 (4.97%) TypeScript
11 26 (3.40%) Shell Script
12 19 (2.48%) PL/SQL
13 17 (2.22%) Kotlin
14 15 (1.96%) Perl
15 13 (1.70%) Go
16 10 (1.31%) C
16 10 (1.31%) ES6
17 8 (1.05%) Bash Shell
17 8 (1.05%) PowerShell
18 7 (0.92%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 132 (17.25%) Security Cleared
2 95 (12.42%) SC Cleared
3 59 (7.71%) ISTQB
4 48 (6.27%) ISEB
5 22 (2.88%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 21 (2.75%) DV Cleared
7 19 (2.48%) Degree
8 8 (1.05%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (1.05%) Computer Science Degree
8 8 (1.05%) DBS Check
9 6 (0.78%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.65%) Master's Degree
11 3 (0.39%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 3 (0.39%) ITIL Certification
12 2 (0.26%) ISEB Practitioner
12 2 (0.26%) Sun Certification
13 1 (0.13%) CSPO
13 1 (0.13%) MBA
13 1 (0.13%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 155 (20.26%) QA
2 21 (2.75%) WCAG
3 2 (0.26%) GDPR
3 2 (0.26%) SLA
4 1 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.13%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.13%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.13%) PMO
4 1 (0.13%) PSD2
4 1 (0.13%) SEPA
System Software
1 142 (18.56%) Docker
2 14 (1.83%) HDFS
3 5 (0.65%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.26%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.26%) vSphere
5 1 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.13%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 88 (11.50%) Kubernetes
2 48 (6.27%) Terraform
3 37 (4.84%) Ansible
4 35 (4.58%) Kibana
5 27 (3.53%) Grafana
6 21 (2.75%) Opscode Chef
7 20 (2.61%) Puppet
8 7 (0.92%) HP Quality Center
9 5 (0.65%) Prometheus
10 3 (0.39%) HP ALM
10 3 (0.39%) Nagios
10 3 (0.39%) Rundeck
11 2 (0.26%) Istio
11 2 (0.26%) Marathon
11 2 (0.26%) Mesos
11 2 (0.26%) Nessus
11 2 (0.26%) OpenNebula
12 1 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
12 1 (0.13%) logstash
12 1 (0.13%) Oracle Identity Manager
Vendors
1 81 (10.59%) Oracle
2 47 (6.14%) Microsoft
3 46 (6.01%) Google
4 21 (2.75%) Atlassian
5 15 (1.96%) IBM
5 15 (1.96%) Splunk
6 12 (1.57%) BEA
6 12 (1.57%) SAP
7 11 (1.44%) hybris
8 8 (1.05%) MuleSoft
8 8 (1.05%) Red Hat
9 7 (0.92%) AppDynamics
9 7 (0.92%) Dell
9 7 (0.92%) HP
9 7 (0.92%) Perforce
9 7 (0.92%) Talend
10 6 (0.78%) Twitter
11 5 (0.65%) New Relic
11 5 (0.65%) Samsung
11 5 (0.65%) VMware