Period
to 25 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 25 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
25 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 168 172 217
Rank change year-on-year +4 +45 +44
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 1,611 1,379 1,285
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.59% 1.53% 1.22%
As % of the Development Applications category 8.17% 8.96% 8.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,183 936 951
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £300 £306
90th Percentile £600 £575 £556
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £380 £375
% change year-on-year +11.84% +1.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 4
UK median hourly rate £70.50 £20.00 £42.90
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +252.50% -53.37% +19.15%
10th Percentile £36.45 £19.00 £37.14
90th Percentile £146.15 £21.00 £46.48
UK excluding London median hourly rate £28.00 £20.00 £42.90
% change year-on-year +40.00% -53.37% +19.15%

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19,719 15,391 15,716
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.42% 17.03% 14.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,580 10,411 10,593
UK median daily rate £473 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.18% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £315 £300 £293
90th Percentile £609 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 219 318 336
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.48
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +0.06% +14.80%
10th Percentile £28.40 £22.50 £25.00
90th Percentile £67.25 £57.50 £52.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.13
% change year-on-year - +0.89% +13.85%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 25 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 25 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 1,470 £473 +11.18% 348
London +27 845 £481 +6.94% 153
UK excluding London -13 749 £425 +11.84% 224
South East +23 191 £450 -7.83% 50
North of England -42 184 £425 +18.06% 56
Midlands +40 114 £425 +13.33% 34
Yorkshire -5 112 £425 - 28
Scotland -28 87 £400 - 25
South West -36 75 £425 +17.24% 29
East of England -8 67 £468 +10.00% 26
West Midlands +3 58 £508 +15.47% 11
East Midlands +20 56 £411 +9.67% 23
North West -28 52 £438 +16.67% 24
Wales -21 29 £360 -7.10% 4
North East -35 20 £475 +47.29% 4
Northern Ireland +13 9 £431 +65.13%

For the 6 months to 25 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 1,189 (73.81%) Agile Software Development
2 1,157 (71.82%) Test Automation
3 1,058 (65.67%) Java
4 932 (57.85%) Selenium
5 824 (51.15%) BDD
6 634 (39.35%) TDD
7 597 (37.06%) Jenkins
8 583 (36.19%) Git (software)
9 423 (26.26%) JavaScript
10 414 (25.70%) Scrum
11 384 (23.84%) JIRA
12 370 (22.97%) QA
13 351 (21.79%) Gherkin
14 340 (21.10%) Continuous Integration
15 339 (21.04%) SQL
16 327 (20.30%) DevOps
17 304 (18.87%) WebDriver
18 298 (18.50%) Linux
19 289 (17.94%) REST
20 274 (17.01%) Spring
21 272 (16.88%) JUnit
22 257 (15.95%) RESTful
23 256 (15.89%) Maven
24 247 (15.33%) Finance
25 240 (14.90%) Node.js
26 234 (14.53%) Docker
27 232 (14.40%) Microservices
28 222 (13.78%) C#
29 220 (13.66%) SDET
30 212 (13.16%) Kanban

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 206 (12.79%) Confluence
2 70 (4.35%) Tomcat
3 60 (3.72%) Apache
4 56 (3.48%) WebLogic
5 55 (3.41%) JBoss
6 54 (3.35%) Cloud Foundry
7 49 (3.04%) WebSphere
8 45 (2.79%) Elasticsearch
9 36 (2.23%) Apache Spark
10 28 (1.74%) CMS
11 22 (1.37%) Jetty
12 20 (1.24%) GemFire
13 19 (1.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 18 (1.12%) Apache ServiceMix
15 16 (0.99%) nginx
16 15 (0.93%) Documentum
17 14 (0.87%) Oracle Service Bus
18 10 (0.62%) Sitecore CMS
19 8 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
20 7 (0.43%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 22 (1.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
3 2 (0.12%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.062%) HipChat
4 1 (0.062%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.062%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (0.31%) Magento
2 3 (0.19%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.062%) Global One
3 1 (0.062%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 1 (0.062%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 164 (10.18%) Amazon AWS
2 93 (5.77%) GitHub
3 59 (3.66%) BrowserStack
4 53 (3.29%) Microsoft Azure
4 53 (3.29%) Slack
5 47 (2.92%) Sauce Labs
6 46 (2.86%) npm
7 22 (1.37%) PaaS
8 16 (0.99%) Serverless
9 15 (0.93%) Google Analytics
10 12 (0.74%) AWS CloudFormation
10 12 (0.74%) Google Cloud Platform
11 11 (0.68%) AWS Lambda
11 11 (0.68%) Heroku
12 8 (0.50%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 8 (0.50%) Amazon S3
12 8 (0.50%) BlazeMeter
12 8 (0.50%) SaaS
13 7 (0.43%) DigitalOcean
13 7 (0.43%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 95 (5.90%) HTTP
2 38 (2.36%) TCP/IP
3 28 (1.74%) Internet
4 18 (1.12%) SSL
5 16 (0.99%) Firewall
6 15 (0.93%) DSL
7 11 (0.68%) SMS
8 10 (0.62%) AMQP
9 3 (0.19%) SMTP
9 3 (0.19%) SSH
10 2 (0.12%) Broadband
10 2 (0.12%) DHCP
10 2 (0.12%) DNS
10 2 (0.12%) Kerberos
10 2 (0.12%) LAN
10 2 (0.12%) PuTTY
10 2 (0.12%) Remote Desktop
10 2 (0.12%) WAN
10 2 (0.12%) WinSCP
11 1 (0.062%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 157 (9.75%) MongoDB
2 128 (7.95%) NoSQL
3 125 (7.76%) PostgreSQL
4 102 (6.33%) MySQL
5 88 (5.46%) Relational Database
6 69 (4.28%) Apache Cassandra
6 69 (4.28%) Big Data
7 46 (2.86%) Hadoop
7 46 (2.86%) SQL Server
8 42 (2.61%) RDBMS
9 40 (2.48%) Redis
10 39 (2.42%) Oracle Database
11 31 (1.92%) HBase
11 31 (1.92%) Neo4j
12 30 (1.86%) Apache Hive
13 23 (1.43%) Oracle Database 11g
14 16 (0.99%) DB2
15 7 (0.43%) Couchbase
16 6 (0.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 6 (0.37%) DbVisualizer
Development Applications
1 932 (57.85%) Selenium
2 597 (37.06%) Jenkins
3 583 (36.19%) Git (software)
4 384 (23.84%) JIRA
5 304 (18.87%) WebDriver
6 272 (16.88%) JUnit
7 256 (15.89%) Maven
8 180 (11.17%) SoapUI
9 147 (9.12%) SpecFlow
10 130 (8.07%) Appium
11 111 (6.89%) JMeter
11 111 (6.89%) Mockito
12 105 (6.52%) Subversion
13 100 (6.21%) Jasmine
14 96 (5.96%) IntelliJ
15 94 (5.83%) Eclipse
16 93 (5.77%) Gradle
17 79 (4.90%) Protractor
18 71 (4.41%) JBehave
18 71 (4.41%) Mocha
General
1 247 (15.33%) Finance
2 141 (8.75%) Banking
3 72 (4.47%) Retail
4 29 (1.80%) Investment Banking
5 25 (1.55%) Telecoms
6 24 (1.49%) Games
7 13 (0.81%) Back Office
8 12 (0.74%) Marketing
8 12 (0.74%) Retail Banking
9 11 (0.68%) Advertising
10 9 (0.56%) Law
10 9 (0.56%) Publishing
11 7 (0.43%) Financial Institution
12 6 (0.37%) Manufacturing
13 5 (0.31%) Front Office
14 3 (0.19%) Automotive
14 3 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
15 2 (0.12%) Electronics
15 2 (0.12%) Military
15 2 (0.12%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 563 (34.95%) Developer
2 329 (20.42%) Tester
3 300 (18.62%) Java Developer
4 246 (15.27%) Automation Tester
5 164 (10.18%) Analyst
6 161 (9.99%) Test Engineer
7 144 (8.94%) Test Analyst
8 120 (7.45%) Developer in Test
9 93 (5.77%) Senior Developer
10 90 (5.59%) Automation Test Analyst
11 88 (5.46%) QA Engineer
12 87 (5.40%) Java Engineer
12 87 (5.40%) Test Automation Engineer
13 83 (5.15%) Software Engineer
14 78 (4.84%) DevOps Engineer
15 66 (4.10%) Senior Java Developer
16 62 (3.85%) Software Developer
17 61 (3.79%) JavaScript Developer
18 58 (3.60%) QA Tester
19 57 (3.54%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 351 (21.79%) Gherkin
2 289 (17.94%) REST
3 274 (17.01%) Spring
4 257 (15.95%) RESTful
5 240 (14.90%) Node.js
6 202 (12.54%) HTML
7 191 (11.86%) JSON
8 181 (11.24%) Web Services
9 170 (10.55%) XML
10 154 (9.56%) AngularJS
11 152 (9.44%) CSS
12 111 (6.89%) React
13 109 (6.77%) SOAP
14 95 (5.90%) .NET
15 93 (5.77%) HTML5
16 78 (4.84%) Spring Boot
17 76 (4.72%) Kafka
18 73 (4.53%) jQuery
19 72 (4.47%) Java EE
20 70 (4.35%) Dropwizard
Miscellaneous
1 115 (7.14%) Greenfield Project
2 70 (4.35%) Mobile App
3 60 (3.72%) User Experience
4 43 (2.67%) Linux Command Line
5 42 (2.61%) Analytical Skills
6 41 (2.55%) Computer Science
7 33 (2.05%) Fintech
7 33 (2.05%) Virtual Team
8 25 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
8 25 (1.55%) Video on Demand
9 18 (1.12%) Self-Motivation
10 11 (0.68%) Video\Live Streaming
11 9 (0.56%) Algorithms
11 9 (0.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 9 (0.56%) Mainframe
11 9 (0.56%) Over-the-Top Content
12 8 (0.50%) Derivative
13 7 (0.43%) Clustering
14 6 (0.37%) Online Games
15 5 (0.31%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 298 (18.50%) Linux
2 204 (12.66%) Unix
3 111 (6.89%) Apple iOS
4 80 (4.97%) Android
5 63 (3.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 61 (3.79%) Windows
7 51 (3.17%) Mac OS X
8 24 (1.49%) Ubuntu
9 12 (0.74%) CentOS
10 9 (0.56%) Solaris
11 4 (0.25%) Windows Server
11 4 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.19%) Debian
12 3 (0.19%) VMS
12 3 (0.19%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.12%) Kali Linux
13 2 (0.12%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.12%) Windows 2000
13 2 (0.12%) Windows Vista
14 1 (0.062%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,189 (73.81%) Agile Software Development
2 1,157 (71.82%) Test Automation
3 824 (51.15%) BDD
4 634 (39.35%) TDD
5 414 (25.70%) Scrum
6 340 (21.10%) Continuous Integration
7 327 (20.30%) DevOps
8 232 (14.40%) Microservices
9 220 (13.66%) SDET
10 212 (13.16%) Kanban
11 195 (12.10%) Open Source
12 183 (11.36%) Software Engineering
13 176 (10.92%) Continuous Delivery
14 167 (10.37%) API Testing
15 151 (9.37%) Test Scripting
16 134 (8.32%) Mentoring
17 133 (8.26%) OO
18 113 (7.01%) Problem-Solving
19 109 (6.77%) SDLC
20 103 (6.39%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 1,058 (65.67%) Java
2 423 (26.26%) JavaScript
3 339 (21.04%) SQL
4 222 (13.78%) C#
5 163 (10.12%) Ruby
6 158 (9.81%) Python
7 151 (9.37%) Java 8
8 87 (5.40%) Scala
9 68 (4.22%) Groovy
10 67 (4.16%) Shell Script
11 46 (2.86%) Perl
12 34 (2.11%) ES6
13 30 (1.86%) PL/SQL
13 30 (1.86%) TypeScript
14 29 (1.80%) Bash Shell
15 28 (1.74%) Apple Swift
16 20 (1.24%) VBA
17 15 (0.93%) Haskell
17 15 (0.93%) PowerShell
18 14 (0.87%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 150 (9.31%) Security Cleared
2 109 (6.77%) SC Cleared
3 73 (4.53%) ISTQB
4 70 (4.35%) Degree
5 59 (3.66%) ISEB
6 38 (2.36%) Computer Science Degree
7 31 (1.92%) DV Cleared
8 12 (0.74%) Master's Degree
9 10 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
9 10 (0.62%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 6 (0.37%) ISEB Practitioner
10 6 (0.37%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 3 (0.19%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.12%) BC Cleared
12 2 (0.12%) MCSA
12 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.12%) OCA
12 2 (0.12%) Oracle Certification
13 1 (0.062%) CTC Cleared
13 1 (0.062%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 370 (22.97%) QA
2 11 (0.68%) PCI DSS
3 5 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
3 5 (0.31%) GDPR
3 5 (0.31%) WCAG
4 4 (0.25%) Dodd-Frank
4 4 (0.25%) EMIR
4 4 (0.25%) MiFID
4 4 (0.25%) PSD2
5 2 (0.12%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.12%) GCP
5 2 (0.12%) WAI
6 1 (0.062%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.062%) ISO 8583
6 1 (0.062%) PMO
System Software
1 234 (14.53%) Docker
2 25 (1.55%) HDFS
3 11 (0.68%) Active Directory
4 10 (0.62%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 9 (0.56%) Virtual Servers
6 4 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.12%) Samba
7 2 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.12%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 111 (6.89%) Puppet
2 77 (4.78%) Kubernetes
3 64 (3.97%) Ansible
3 64 (3.97%) Terraform
4 58 (3.60%) Grafana
5 56 (3.48%) Opscode Chef
6 46 (2.86%) Kibana
7 28 (1.74%) logstash
8 20 (1.24%) HP ALM
9 15 (0.93%) Graylog
10 13 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
11 9 (0.56%) HP Quality Center
12 8 (0.50%) Business Desktop Deployment
12 8 (0.50%) Packer
13 4 (0.25%) CA Service Virtualization
13 4 (0.25%) Prometheus
13 4 (0.25%) StatsD
14 3 (0.19%) Graphite
14 3 (0.19%) Salt
14 3 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 145 (9.00%) Oracle
2 69 (4.28%) Red Hat
2 69 (4.28%) Splunk
3 42 (2.61%) Atlassian
4 40 (2.48%) AppDynamics
5 32 (1.99%) Google
6 27 (1.68%) HP
6 27 (1.68%) Microsoft
7 24 (1.49%) IBM
8 19 (1.18%) Pega
9 15 (0.93%) Adobe
9 15 (0.93%) MuleSoft
10 12 (0.74%) WorldPay
11 11 (0.68%) hybris
11 11 (0.68%) TIBCO
12 10 (0.62%) Sitecore
12 10 (0.62%) VMware
12 10 (0.62%) webMethods
13 9 (0.56%) Capita
14 8 (0.50%) Cypress Semiconductor