Period
to 17 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 228 215 208
Rank change year-on-year -13 -7 -52
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 948 385 1,238
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.19% 1.28% 1.38%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.56% 7.19% 7.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 675 289 832
10th Percentile £342 £325 £331
25th Percentile £406 £400 £387
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £485 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +7.67% - -2.17%
75th Percentile £550 £525 £538
90th Percentile £650 £584 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £443 £425
% change year-on-year +1.69% +4.12% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 0 2
10th Percentile £38.50 " £28.90
25th Percentile £47.50 " £36.25
Median hourly rate £65.50 - £48.50
75th Percentile £68.75 " £60.75
90th Percentile £73.45 " £68.10
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.50 - £24.00

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 14,458 5,353 16,347
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.22% 17.76% 18.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,917 3,721 10,793
10th Percentile £363 £325 £325
25th Percentile £425 £410 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +2.78% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 214 77 226
10th Percentile £25.33 £23.60 £24.18
25th Percentile £41.25 £38.25 £38.69
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
75th Percentile £61.63 £52.50 £51.00
90th Percentile £69.00 £59.00 £55.42
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -28 757 £488 +8.33% 133
London -31 428 £525 +16.67% 63
UK excluding London -25 354 £450 +1.69% 81
Work from Home -63 269 £488 +8.33% 27
North of England -36 95 £450 -5.26% 18
South West +4 65 £488 +8.33% 13
Scotland -20 64 £425 +13.33% 8
South East -60 51 £475 +7.95% 23
Yorkshire -12 41 £444 -6.08% 7
Midlands -73 40 £380 -1.94% 11
North West -57 33 £463 -2.63% 8
West Midlands -61 31 £380 -8.43% 10
North East -8 21 £500 +6.10% 3
East of England -43 21 £495 +10.00% 3
Wales -8 16 £423 - 4
East Midlands -38 9 £380 +15.53% 1
Northern Ireland -1 2 £433 -4.10% 1

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 605 (63.82%) Agile Software Development
2 593 (62.55%) Test Automation
3 565 (59.60%) Java
4 497 (52.43%) Selenium
5 419 (44.20%) BDD
6 387 (40.82%) Jenkins
7 352 (37.13%) TDD
8 285 (30.06%) JavaScript
9 279 (29.43%) DevOps
10 276 (29.11%) JIRA
11 273 (28.80%) Microservices
12 263 (27.74%) Git (software)
13 243 (25.63%) Spring
14 242 (25.53%) Scrum
15 236 (24.89%) Docker
16 221 (23.31%) QA
17 220 (23.21%) SQL
18 203 (21.41%) REST
19 195 (20.57%) Social Skills
20 192 (20.25%) JUnit
21 191 (20.15%) Gherkin
22 187 (19.73%) AWS
23 178 (18.78%) Maven
24 162 (17.09%) Azure
25 160 (16.88%) Continuous Integration
26 153 (16.14%) Software Testing
27 148 (15.61%) Node.js
28 145 (15.30%) Security Cleared
29 134 (14.14%) Confluence
30 128 (13.50%) RESTful

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 134 (14.14%) Confluence
2 41 (4.32%) Elasticsearch
3 35 (3.69%) Tomcat
4 21 (2.22%) WebSphere
5 20 (2.11%) Apache
6 19 (2.00%) SharePoint
7 17 (1.79%) JBoss
8 15 (1.58%) CMS
9 11 (1.16%) Apache Spark
9 11 (1.16%) Mule
10 9 (0.95%) GemFire
11 8 (0.84%) Drupal
12 7 (0.74%) Red Hat Fuse
12 7 (0.74%) WebLogic
13 6 (0.63%) nginx
14 5 (0.53%) IBM Domino
14 5 (0.53%) IIS
15 4 (0.42%) Mattermost
16 3 (0.32%) Apache Solr
16 3 (0.32%) Jetty
Applications
1 13 (1.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.95%) Photoshop
3 8 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.42%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.21%) Mingle
6 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 17 (1.79%) SAP HCM
2 6 (0.63%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 5 (0.53%) Magento
4 4 (0.42%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.21%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.21%) SAP FI-CA
5 2 (0.21%) SAP PSCD
6 1 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.11%) Endur
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 187 (19.73%) AWS
2 162 (17.09%) Azure
3 87 (9.18%) GitHub
4 47 (4.96%) Serverless
5 35 (3.69%) SaaS
6 30 (3.16%) PaaS
7 29 (3.06%) BrowserStack
8 26 (2.74%) AWS Lambda
9 24 (2.53%) Amazon S3
9 24 (2.53%) OpenShift
9 24 (2.53%) Sauce Labs
10 23 (2.43%) GCP
11 22 (2.32%) IaaS
12 20 (2.11%) SuccessFactors
13 19 (2.00%) Datadog
14 18 (1.90%) Amazon EC2
14 18 (1.90%) AWS CloudFormation
15 17 (1.79%) GitHub Actions
15 17 (1.79%) npm
16 14 (1.48%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 28 (2.95%) HTTP
2 14 (1.48%) LAN
3 9 (0.95%) TCP/IP
4 8 (0.84%) SSL
5 6 (0.63%) DSL
5 6 (0.63%) Kerberos
6 4 (0.42%) Internet
7 3 (0.32%) DNS
8 2 (0.21%) DVB
8 2 (0.21%) VPN
9 1 (0.11%) 2G
9 1 (0.11%) DHCP
9 1 (0.11%) DMARC
9 1 (0.11%) Firewall
9 1 (0.11%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.11%) SMS
9 1 (0.11%) SMTP
9 1 (0.11%) SWIFTNet
9 1 (0.11%) WAN
9 1 (0.11%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (6.43%) NoSQL
2 54 (5.70%) Relational Database
3 49 (5.17%) SQL Server
4 48 (5.06%) MongoDB
5 33 (3.48%) PostgreSQL
6 28 (2.95%) Redis
7 26 (2.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 21 (2.22%) DB2
9 20 (2.11%) Data Warehouse
9 20 (2.11%) MySQL
10 19 (2.00%) RDBMS
11 17 (1.79%) Big Data
12 15 (1.58%) Hadoop
13 13 (1.37%) Apache Cassandra
14 10 (1.05%) Oracle Reports
15 9 (0.95%) InterSystems Cache
16 6 (0.63%) Data Lake
17 5 (0.53%) DbVisualizer
17 5 (0.53%) Oracle Database
18 4 (0.42%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 497 (52.43%) Selenium
2 387 (40.82%) Jenkins
3 276 (29.11%) JIRA
4 263 (27.74%) Git (software)
5 192 (20.25%) JUnit
6 178 (18.78%) Maven
7 121 (12.76%) JMeter
8 101 (10.65%) REST Assured
8 101 (10.65%) WebDriver
9 98 (10.34%) Postman
10 68 (7.17%) GitLab
11 66 (6.96%) SpecFlow
12 64 (6.75%) Gatling
13 61 (6.43%) Cypress.io
14 55 (5.80%) SoapUI
15 53 (5.59%) Appium
16 47 (4.96%) Protractor
17 45 (4.75%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 42 (4.43%) TestNG
19 38 (4.01%) Jasmine
General
1 195 (20.57%) Social Skills
2 125 (13.19%) Finance
3 117 (12.34%) Banking
4 83 (8.76%) Public Sector
5 74 (7.81%) Analytical Skills
6 33 (3.48%) Documentation Skills
7 28 (2.95%) Investment Banking
8 26 (2.74%) Retail
9 20 (2.11%) Influencing Skills
10 15 (1.58%) Retail Banking
11 13 (1.37%) Games
12 11 (1.16%) Telecoms
13 6 (0.63%) Law
13 6 (0.63%) Legal
14 5 (0.53%) Front Office
15 4 (0.42%) Avionics
15 4 (0.42%) Electronics
15 4 (0.42%) Marketing
16 3 (0.32%) Financial Institution
16 3 (0.32%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 312 (32.91%) Developer
2 167 (17.62%) Tester
3 153 (16.14%) Java Developer
4 123 (12.97%) Automation Tester
5 109 (11.50%) Test Engineer
6 108 (11.39%) Analyst
7 94 (9.92%) Test Analyst
8 70 (7.38%) Test Automation Engineer
9 48 (5.06%) Senior Developer
10 44 (4.64%) Full Stack Developer
11 42 (4.43%) DevOps Engineer
11 42 (4.43%) Software Engineer
12 41 (4.32%) Java Engineer
13 38 (4.01%) QA Engineer
14 32 (3.38%) Developer in Test
14 32 (3.38%) Senior Java Developer
15 30 (3.16%) Architect
16 29 (3.06%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 27 (2.85%) Senior Test Engineer
18 26 (2.74%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 243 (25.63%) Spring
2 203 (21.41%) REST
3 191 (20.15%) Gherkin
4 148 (15.61%) Node.js
5 128 (13.50%) RESTful
6 125 (13.19%) Web Services
7 120 (12.66%) AngularJS
7 120 (12.66%) React
8 117 (12.34%) Spring Boot
9 105 (11.08%) HTML
10 89 (9.39%) XML
11 83 (8.76%) CSS
12 69 (7.28%) JSON
13 64 (6.75%) Jest
14 57 (6.01%) Kafka
15 52 (5.49%) SOAP
16 50 (5.27%) GraphQL
17 44 (4.64%) Hibernate
17 44 (4.64%) HTML5
18 41 (4.32%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 43 (4.54%) Mobile App
2 37 (3.90%) User Experience
3 27 (2.85%) Self-Motivation
4 22 (2.32%) Greenfield Project
5 20 (2.11%) Virtual Team
6 17 (1.79%) Legacy Systems
6 17 (1.79%) Public Cloud
7 16 (1.69%) Data Structures
7 16 (1.69%) Media Streaming
7 16 (1.69%) Video\Live Streaming
8 15 (1.58%) Client/Server
8 15 (1.58%) Fixed Income
8 15 (1.58%) N-Tier
9 14 (1.48%) Cloud Native
10 12 (1.27%) Algorithms
11 11 (1.16%) Replication
12 8 (0.84%) NHS
13 6 (0.63%) Data Protection Act
13 6 (0.63%) Mainframe
13 6 (0.63%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 82 (8.65%) Unix
2 57 (6.01%) Linux
2 57 (6.01%) Windows
3 31 (3.27%) Android
4 27 (2.85%) Apple iOS
5 3 (0.32%) Mac OS X
6 2 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.11%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 605 (63.82%) Agile Software Development
2 593 (62.55%) Test Automation
3 419 (44.20%) BDD
4 352 (37.13%) TDD
5 279 (29.43%) DevOps
6 273 (28.80%) Microservices
7 242 (25.53%) Scrum
8 160 (16.88%) Continuous Integration
9 153 (16.14%) Software Testing
10 118 (12.45%) API Testing
10 118 (12.45%) Test Scripting
11 117 (12.34%) Problem-Solving
12 112 (11.81%) Software Engineering
13 100 (10.55%) Test Strategy
14 99 (10.44%) Full Stack Development
15 82 (8.65%) Performance Testing
15 82 (8.65%) Scenario Testing
16 81 (8.54%) Kanban
17 76 (8.02%) SDET
18 70 (7.38%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 565 (59.60%) Java
2 285 (30.06%) JavaScript
3 220 (23.21%) SQL
4 106 (11.18%) Python
5 95 (10.02%) Java 8
6 78 (8.23%) C#
7 77 (8.12%) TypeScript
8 50 (5.27%) Scala
9 38 (4.01%) Ruby
10 34 (3.59%) Shell Script
11 26 (2.74%) C++
12 25 (2.64%) ES6
13 23 (2.43%) Bash Shell
14 21 (2.22%) Groovy
15 19 (2.00%) PL/SQL
16 15 (1.58%) C
17 12 (1.27%) Kotlin
18 9 (0.95%) PowerShell
18 9 (0.95%) R
19 8 (0.84%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 145 (15.30%) Security Cleared
2 111 (11.71%) SC Cleared
3 70 (7.38%) ISTQB
4 52 (5.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 49 (5.17%) ISEB
6 32 (3.38%) Degree
7 21 (2.22%) BPSS Clearance
8 16 (1.69%) DV Cleared
9 8 (0.84%) Computer Science Degree
10 5 (0.53%) Sun Certification
11 2 (0.21%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.21%) CCNA
11 2 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.21%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.21%) ISEB Practitioner
12 1 (0.11%) BC Cleared
12 1 (0.11%) CFA
12 1 (0.11%) CITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 221 (23.31%) QA
2 71 (7.49%) Accessibility
3 14 (1.48%) WCAG
4 5 (0.53%) Disclosure Scotland
4 5 (0.53%) ISO 20022
5 4 (0.42%) GDPR
6 3 (0.32%) SEPA
7 2 (0.21%) GRC
7 2 (0.21%) PSD2
8 1 (0.11%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.11%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.11%) IFRS
8 1 (0.11%) ISO 15022
8 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.11%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.11%) Solvency II
8 1 (0.11%) TARGET2
System Software
1 236 (24.89%) Docker
2 8 (0.84%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.42%) vSphere
4 3 (0.32%) VirtualBox
5 2 (0.21%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 119 (12.55%) Kubernetes
2 52 (5.49%) Terraform
3 44 (4.64%) Ansible
4 27 (2.85%) Kibana
5 21 (2.22%) HP Quality Center
6 13 (1.37%) Puppet
7 12 (1.27%) HP ALM
8 9 (0.95%) Grafana
8 9 (0.95%) Graphite
8 9 (0.95%) logstash
9 7 (0.74%) Netcool
10 5 (0.53%) Rancher
11 4 (0.42%) vCenter Server
12 3 (0.32%) Opscode Chef
12 3 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
13 2 (0.21%) Istio
13 2 (0.21%) Nagios
13 2 (0.21%) ZABBIX
14 1 (0.11%) Amdocs OSS
14 1 (0.11%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 110 (11.60%) Oracle
2 49 (5.17%) Microsoft
3 40 (4.22%) Atlassian
4 26 (2.74%) Splunk
5 25 (2.64%) SAP
6 23 (2.43%) IBM
7 19 (2.00%) MuleSoft
8 13 (1.37%) Google
8 13 (1.37%) HP
8 13 (1.37%) Perfecto Mobile
9 11 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
10 9 (0.95%) AppDynamics
10 9 (0.95%) Databricks
10 9 (0.95%) Xamarin
11 7 (0.74%) ServiceNow
12 5 (0.53%) hybris
12 5 (0.53%) Murex
12 5 (0.53%) New Relic
12 5 (0.53%) Sybase
12 5 (0.53%) Xerox