Period
to 17 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 17 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
17 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 169 177 220
Rank change year-on-year +8 +43 +27
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 1558 1581 1324
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.52% 1.49% 1.15%
As % of the Development Applications category 8.11% 9.04% 8.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 1108 1095 931
UK median daily rate £446 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.94% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £319 £313 £300
90th Percentile £588 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 0
UK median hourly rate - £32.25 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £32.25 -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19200 17494 16364
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.68% 16.51% 14.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 13374 11774 10881
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £600 £575 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +2.50% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 286 252 335
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £29.00 £24.10 £24.23
90th Percentile £60.50 £53.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 17 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 17 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +12 1414 £450 +4.65% 148
London +28 862 £488 +5.41% 74
UK excluding London -33 679 £400 - 77
North of England +25 205 £413 +10.00% 30
South East -70 145 £408 -9.44% 19
Yorkshire +41 103 £415 +3.75% 15
Scotland -17 87 £375 -6.25% 2
North West -7 78 £413 +6.45% 15
South West +4 77 £388 +6.90% 7
Midlands -7 71 £400 +6.67% 7
East of England -37 54 £413 -1.49% 11
East Midlands +3 48 £388 -8.82% 5
North East +43 28 £425 +25.00%
West Midlands -13 23 £450 +26.32% 2
Northern Ireland - 21 £415 - 1
Wales -23 20 £425 -

For the 6 months to 17 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 1115 (71.57%) Java
2 1092 (70.09%) Agile Software Development
3 987 (63.35%) Test Automation
4 864 (55.46%) BDD
5 829 (53.21%) Selenium
6 710 (45.57%) TDD
7 564 (36.20%) Jenkins
8 527 (33.83%) Scrum
9 486 (31.19%) JIRA
10 485 (31.13%) Git (software)
11 398 (25.55%) JavaScript
12 381 (24.45%) QA
13 380 (24.39%) Continuous Integration
14 364 (23.36%) REST
15 349 (22.40%) Spring
16 323 (20.73%) SQL
17 304 (19.51%) WebDriver
18 299 (19.19%) Gherkin
19 295 (18.93%) Docker
20 293 (18.81%) Microservices
21 280 (17.97%) Confluence
22 275 (17.65%) Web Services
23 263 (16.88%) Finance
24 249 (15.98%) Linux
25 246 (15.79%) RESTful
26 241 (15.47%) JUnit
27 239 (15.34%) Ruby
28 233 (14.96%) HTML
29 226 (14.51%) DevOps
30 215 (13.80%) Node.js

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 280 (17.97%) Confluence
2 87 (5.58%) Apache Spark
3 79 (5.07%) Apache Solr
4 75 (4.81%) Tomcat
5 60 (3.85%) WebSphere
6 55 (3.53%) Apache
7 54 (3.47%) WebLogic
8 42 (2.70%) Elasticsearch
9 34 (2.18%) JBoss
10 30 (1.93%) Cloud Foundry
11 19 (1.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 14 (0.90%) Jetty
13 10 (0.64%) Mule
14 9 (0.58%) CMS
15 8 (0.51%) nginx
16 7 (0.45%) Anypoint
16 7 (0.45%) SharePoint
16 7 (0.45%) WebSphere Application Server
17 5 (0.32%) Oracle Coherence
17 5 (0.32%) Tornado
Applications
1 25 (1.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.45%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.26%) Mingle
5 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.13%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.064%) HipChat
6 1 (0.064%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 17 (1.09%) Payment Gateway
2 12 (0.77%) Magento
3 3 (0.19%) Endur
4 2 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.064%) ION MarketView
Cloud Services
1 179 (11.49%) Amazon AWS
2 154 (9.88%) GitHub
3 43 (2.76%) Slack
4 29 (1.86%) Microsoft Azure
5 28 (1.80%) Amazon EC2
6 27 (1.73%) Amazon S3
7 26 (1.67%) Sauce Labs
8 23 (1.48%) AWS CloudFormation
9 22 (1.41%) BrowserStack
9 22 (1.41%) npm
10 21 (1.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 20 (1.28%) AWS Lambda
11 20 (1.28%) Serverless
12 18 (1.16%) SaaS
13 13 (0.83%) OpenShift
14 11 (0.71%) BlazeMeter
14 11 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
15 10 (0.64%) Google Analytics
16 9 (0.58%) PaaS
17 8 (0.51%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 66 (4.24%) Kerberos
2 50 (3.21%) HTTP
3 27 (1.73%) Internet
4 15 (0.96%) SMS
4 15 (0.96%) TCP/IP
5 12 (0.77%) AMQP
6 9 (0.58%) SSL
7 8 (0.51%) FTP
8 7 (0.45%) Firewall
9 5 (0.32%) DSL
10 3 (0.19%) PuTTY
10 3 (0.19%) Skype
10 3 (0.19%) WinSCP
11 2 (0.13%) Network Security
12 1 (0.064%) HTTPS
12 1 (0.064%) LDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 173 (11.10%) MongoDB
2 158 (10.14%) NoSQL
3 155 (9.95%) PostgreSQL
4 138 (8.86%) Big Data
5 137 (8.79%) Hadoop
6 110 (7.06%) HBase
7 104 (6.68%) MySQL
8 83 (5.33%) Relational Database
9 72 (4.62%) Redis
10 53 (3.40%) Apache Cassandra
11 42 (2.70%) DB2
12 33 (2.12%) RDBMS
13 32 (2.05%) SQL Server
14 21 (1.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 17 (1.09%) DB2 UDB
16 15 (0.96%) Amazon RDS
16 15 (0.96%) DataStax
16 15 (0.96%) Oracle Database
17 13 (0.83%) Couchbase
17 13 (0.83%) IBM InfoSphere
Development Applications
1 829 (53.21%) Selenium
2 564 (36.20%) Jenkins
3 486 (31.19%) JIRA
4 485 (31.13%) Git (software)
5 304 (19.51%) WebDriver
6 241 (15.47%) JUnit
7 193 (12.39%) Maven
8 127 (8.15%) JMeter
9 123 (7.89%) Appium
10 119 (7.64%) SpecFlow
11 118 (7.57%) SoapUI
12 104 (6.68%) GitLab
13 103 (6.61%) Jasmine
14 101 (6.48%) TeamCity
15 93 (5.97%) IntelliJ
16 85 (5.46%) Mockito
17 76 (4.88%) JBehave
18 71 (4.56%) Calabash
19 68 (4.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 66 (4.24%) Subversion
General
1 263 (16.88%) Finance
2 205 (13.16%) Banking
3 77 (4.94%) Retail
4 74 (4.75%) Games
5 56 (3.59%) Telecoms
6 53 (3.40%) Marketing
7 47 (3.02%) Manufacturing
8 46 (2.95%) Investment Banking
9 40 (2.57%) Electronics
10 28 (1.80%) Publishing
11 27 (1.73%) Back Office
12 25 (1.60%) Front Office
13 12 (0.77%) Corporate Banking
14 11 (0.71%) Advertising
15 7 (0.45%) Automotive
15 7 (0.45%) Retail Banking
16 2 (0.13%) Legal
16 2 (0.13%) Wholesale Banking
17 1 (0.064%) Law
17 1 (0.064%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 580 (37.23%) Developer
2 316 (20.28%) Tester
3 302 (19.38%) Java Developer
4 237 (15.21%) Automation Tester
5 198 (12.71%) Analyst
6 157 (10.08%) Test Analyst
7 139 (8.92%) Developer in Test
7 139 (8.92%) Test Engineer
8 104 (6.68%) Java Engineer
9 94 (6.03%) Automation Test Analyst
10 91 (5.84%) Senior Developer
11 82 (5.26%) Test Automation Engineer
12 81 (5.20%) Software Engineer
13 80 (5.13%) QA Engineer
14 73 (4.69%) QA Tester
15 71 (4.56%) Software Developer
16 67 (4.30%) Java Automation Tester
17 53 (3.40%) DevOps Engineer
18 52 (3.34%) Selenium Tester
19 51 (3.27%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 364 (23.36%) REST
2 349 (22.40%) Spring
3 299 (19.19%) Gherkin
4 275 (17.65%) Web Services
5 246 (15.79%) RESTful
6 233 (14.96%) HTML
7 215 (13.80%) Node.js
8 194 (12.45%) AngularJS
9 192 (12.32%) CSS
10 178 (11.42%) JSON
11 159 (10.21%) Spring Boot
12 152 (9.76%) SOAP
13 143 (9.18%) XML
14 141 (9.05%) Kafka
15 134 (8.60%) HTML5
16 109 (7.00%) Hibernate
17 107 (6.87%) React
18 97 (6.23%) .NET
19 87 (5.58%) Apache Camel
20 81 (5.20%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 120 (7.70%) Mobile App
2 106 (6.80%) Analytical Skills
3 79 (5.07%) Greenfield Project
4 74 (4.75%) Computer Science
5 48 (3.08%) Algorithms
6 38 (2.44%) User Experience
7 25 (1.60%) Fintech
8 23 (1.48%) Video on Demand
9 21 (1.35%) Video\Live Streaming
10 20 (1.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 16 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
12 14 (0.90%) Equities
13 13 (0.83%) Derivative
13 13 (0.83%) Online Games
14 12 (0.77%) Credit Risk
15 11 (0.71%) Mobile Banking
16 9 (0.58%) Market Risk
17 8 (0.51%) Management Information System
17 8 (0.51%) Virtual Team
18 7 (0.45%) Minimum Viable Product
Operating Systems
1 249 (15.98%) Linux
2 127 (8.15%) Unix
3 83 (5.33%) Android
3 83 (5.33%) Apple iOS
4 67 (4.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 60 (3.85%) Windows
6 37 (2.37%) Mac OS X
7 11 (0.71%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.58%) Solaris
9 8 (0.51%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.19%) Debian
11 1 (0.064%) CentOS
11 1 (0.064%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1092 (70.09%) Agile Software Development
2 987 (63.35%) Test Automation
3 864 (55.46%) BDD
4 710 (45.57%) TDD
5 527 (33.83%) Scrum
6 380 (24.39%) Continuous Integration
7 293 (18.81%) Microservices
8 226 (14.51%) DevOps
9 212 (13.61%) Kanban
10 200 (12.84%) Open Source
11 191 (12.26%) Software Engineering
12 149 (9.56%) Test Scripting
13 142 (9.11%) E-Commerce
14 140 (8.99%) User Stories
15 137 (8.79%) SDET
16 133 (8.54%) Continuous Delivery
17 128 (8.22%) Functional Testing
18 127 (8.15%) SDLC
19 126 (8.09%) Performance Testing
20 120 (7.70%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 1115 (71.57%) Java
2 398 (25.55%) JavaScript
3 323 (20.73%) SQL
4 239 (15.34%) Ruby
5 213 (13.67%) Python
6 193 (12.39%) C#
7 106 (6.80%) Scala
8 53 (3.40%) Groovy
9 45 (2.89%) Apple Swift
10 41 (2.63%) Bash Shell
11 40 (2.57%) Shell Script
12 37 (2.37%) Perl
13 26 (1.67%) ES6
14 24 (1.54%) C++
15 23 (1.48%) Go
16 20 (1.28%) PHP
16 20 (1.28%) VBA
17 19 (1.22%) PL/SQL
18 18 (1.16%) VBScript
19 17 (1.09%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 141 (9.05%) Security Cleared
2 114 (7.32%) SC Cleared
3 105 (6.74%) Degree
4 41 (2.63%) Computer Science Degree
5 39 (2.50%) ISEB
6 37 (2.37%) ISTQB
7 14 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.39%) DBS Check
8 6 (0.39%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 5 (0.32%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.19%) BC Cleared
10 3 (0.19%) DV Cleared
10 3 (0.19%) ISEB Practitioner
11 2 (0.13%) CFA
11 2 (0.13%) CTC Cleared
12 1 (0.064%) AAT
12 1 (0.064%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 381 (24.45%) QA
2 24 (1.54%) WCAG
3 21 (1.35%) PCI DSS
4 17 (1.09%) GDPR
5 12 (0.77%) MiFID
6 6 (0.39%) WAI
7 3 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.19%) EMIR
8 2 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
8 2 (0.13%) PSD2
9 1 (0.064%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.064%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.064%) ISO 8583
9 1 (0.064%) PMO
9 1 (0.064%) SEPA
System Software
1 295 (18.93%) Docker
2 75 (4.81%) HDFS
3 60 (3.85%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 10 (0.64%) Virtual Servers
5 4 (0.26%) VirtualBox
6 2 (0.13%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.064%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.064%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.064%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 127 (8.15%) Puppet
2 111 (7.12%) Kubernetes
3 91 (5.84%) Ansible
4 77 (4.94%) Terraform
5 52 (3.34%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (2.31%) Kibana
7 33 (2.12%) Grafana
8 21 (1.35%) HP Quality Center
9 13 (0.83%) logstash
10 12 (0.77%) Business Desktop Deployment
11 11 (0.71%) Prometheus
12 9 (0.58%) CA Service Virtualization
13 7 (0.45%) Cobbler
13 7 (0.45%) Hadoop YARN
13 7 (0.45%) StatsD
14 6 (0.39%) Mesos
15 5 (0.32%) OpenNebula
15 5 (0.32%) rkt
15 5 (0.32%) Rundeck
15 5 (0.32%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 136 (8.73%) Oracle
2 53 (3.40%) Splunk
3 51 (3.27%) IBM
4 42 (2.70%) Atlassian
5 39 (2.50%) hybris
5 39 (2.50%) SAP
6 38 (2.44%) HP
7 34 (2.18%) Red Hat
8 31 (1.99%) Google
9 28 (1.80%) AppDynamics
10 26 (1.67%) Microsoft
11 18 (1.16%) MuleSoft
12 17 (1.09%) TIBCO
13 15 (0.96%) Hortonworks
13 15 (0.96%) Xamarin
14 11 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
15 10 (0.64%) Apple
15 10 (0.64%) New Relic
16 9 (0.58%) CA
16 9 (0.58%) Cisco