Period
to 16 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 16 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 163 164 198
Rank change year-on-year +1 +34 +42
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 1,589 1,617 1,380
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.58% 1.67% 1.29%
As % of the Development Applications category 8.56% 10.09% 8.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,173 1,087 990
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £588 £554 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +3.75% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 0
UK median hourly rate £70.50 £32.25 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +118.60% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £32.25 -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 18,554 16,027 15,698
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.51% 16.59% 14.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,021 10,731 10,438
UK median daily rate £451 £425 £405
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.00% +4.94% +1.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £280
90th Percentile £606 £575 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 237 237 388
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.10% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £29.00 £20.07 £22.48
90th Percentile £63.75 £52.50 £50.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.00 £40.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +8.64% +1.25% +6.67%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 1,449 £450 +5.88% 379
London +17 868 £483 +7.22% 186
UK excluding London -40 706 £415 +3.75% 207
North of England +1 208 £425 +10.39% 79
South East -61 157 £425 -2.86% 39
Yorkshire +26 105 £425 +0.59% 39
Scotland -10 85 £388 -3.13% 7
North West -15 82 £426 +9.87% 38
East of England -31 80 £450 +5.88% 22
South West -9 74 £388 +12.32% 18
Midlands -34 70 £400 +6.67% 35
East Midlands +15 55 £410 +1.86% 28
North East +14 25 £425 +25.00% 2
Wales -38 22 £450 +5.88% 7
Northern Ireland - 20 £415 -
West Midlands -44 15 £400 +10.34% 7

For the 6 months to 16 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 1,157 (72.81%) Agile Software Development
2 1,118 (70.36%) Java
3 1,065 (67.02%) Test Automation
4 899 (56.58%) BDD
5 871 (54.81%) Selenium
6 702 (44.18%) TDD
7 625 (39.33%) Jenkins
8 558 (35.12%) Git (software)
9 492 (30.96%) Scrum
10 454 (28.57%) JIRA
11 435 (27.38%) JavaScript
12 422 (26.56%) Continuous Integration
13 406 (25.55%) QA
14 346 (21.77%) SQL
15 344 (21.65%) REST
16 335 (21.08%) Gherkin
17 334 (21.02%) Spring
18 295 (18.57%) WebDriver
19 283 (17.81%) RESTful
20 272 (17.12%) Docker
21 270 (16.99%) Ruby
22 269 (16.93%) Web Services
23 266 (16.74%) Finance
24 265 (16.68%) Microservices
25 264 (16.61%) JUnit
26 262 (16.49%) DevOps
27 260 (16.36%) Maven
28 255 (16.05%) Confluence
29 246 (15.48%) Kanban
30 241 (15.17%) Node.js

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 255 (16.05%) Confluence
2 67 (4.22%) Tomcat
3 58 (3.65%) WebLogic
3 58 (3.65%) WebSphere
4 52 (3.27%) Apache Spark
5 47 (2.96%) Apache
5 47 (2.96%) Elasticsearch
6 42 (2.64%) JBoss
7 39 (2.45%) Apache Solr
8 37 (2.33%) Cloud Foundry
9 21 (1.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 20 (1.26%) Apache ServiceMix
11 13 (0.82%) Jetty
12 11 (0.69%) CMS
12 11 (0.69%) Mule
13 10 (0.63%) nginx
14 7 (0.44%) Oracle Coherence
15 6 (0.38%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 5 (0.31%) Anypoint
16 5 (0.31%) Tornado
Applications
1 29 (1.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
3 4 (0.25%) Mingle
4 3 (0.19%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.063%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 18 (1.13%) Payment Gateway
2 6 (0.38%) Magento
3 2 (0.13%) Endur
3 2 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.063%) Global One
Cloud Services
1 187 (11.77%) Amazon AWS
2 126 (7.93%) GitHub
3 58 (3.65%) Slack
4 41 (2.58%) npm
5 35 (2.20%) Amazon EC2
5 35 (2.20%) Amazon S3
6 30 (1.89%) AWS CloudFormation
7 27 (1.70%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 27 (1.70%) AWS Lambda
7 27 (1.70%) Serverless
8 26 (1.64%) Microsoft Azure
9 25 (1.57%) BrowserStack
9 25 (1.57%) Sauce Labs
10 13 (0.82%) Google Analytics
10 13 (0.82%) SaaS
11 12 (0.76%) Google Cloud Platform
12 11 (0.69%) Cloud Computing
12 11 (0.69%) Google Play
13 10 (0.63%) BlazeMeter
14 6 (0.38%) vREST
Communications & Networking
1 68 (4.28%) HTTP
2 33 (2.08%) Kerberos
3 32 (2.01%) Internet
4 24 (1.51%) TCP/IP
5 15 (0.94%) Firewall
6 14 (0.88%) SMS
7 13 (0.82%) AMQP
8 12 (0.76%) SSL
9 9 (0.57%) DSL
10 8 (0.50%) FTP
11 4 (0.25%) PuTTY
11 4 (0.25%) WinSCP
12 3 (0.19%) Skype
13 2 (0.13%) DNS
13 2 (0.13%) Network Security
13 2 (0.13%) Remote Desktop
14 1 (0.063%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 206 (12.96%) MongoDB
2 189 (11.89%) NoSQL
3 145 (9.13%) PostgreSQL
4 118 (7.43%) MySQL
5 90 (5.66%) Big Data
6 88 (5.54%) Redis
7 87 (5.48%) Relational Database
8 86 (5.41%) Hadoop
9 71 (4.47%) Apache Cassandra
10 51 (3.21%) HBase
11 36 (2.27%) DB2
12 32 (2.01%) RDBMS
13 31 (1.95%) SQL Server
14 25 (1.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 17 (1.07%) DB2 UDB
15 17 (1.07%) Neo4j
16 15 (0.94%) Amazon RDS
16 15 (0.94%) DataStax
17 14 (0.88%) Couchbase
17 14 (0.88%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 871 (54.81%) Selenium
2 625 (39.33%) Jenkins
3 558 (35.12%) Git (software)
4 454 (28.57%) JIRA
5 295 (18.57%) WebDriver
6 264 (16.61%) JUnit
7 260 (16.36%) Maven
8 144 (9.06%) SpecFlow
9 138 (8.68%) Appium
10 135 (8.50%) SoapUI
11 120 (7.55%) Jasmine
11 120 (7.55%) JMeter
12 107 (6.73%) Mockito
13 100 (6.29%) TeamCity
14 96 (6.04%) GitLab
15 88 (5.54%) IntelliJ
16 81 (5.10%) Gradle
17 73 (4.59%) Calabash
17 73 (4.59%) JBehave
18 72 (4.53%) Subversion
General
1 266 (16.74%) Finance
2 179 (11.26%) Banking
3 81 (5.10%) Retail
4 67 (4.22%) Games
5 47 (2.96%) Investment Banking
6 41 (2.58%) Telecoms
7 40 (2.52%) Marketing
8 35 (2.20%) Manufacturing
9 28 (1.76%) Electronics
10 25 (1.57%) Publishing
11 24 (1.51%) Back Office
12 22 (1.38%) Front Office
13 11 (0.69%) Advertising
14 10 (0.63%) Corporate Banking
15 9 (0.57%) Automotive
16 7 (0.44%) Retail Banking
17 5 (0.31%) Law
18 2 (0.13%) Legal
18 2 (0.13%) Wholesale Banking
19 1 (0.063%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 586 (36.88%) Developer
2 312 (19.63%) Tester
3 296 (18.63%) Java Developer
4 231 (14.54%) Automation Tester
5 189 (11.89%) Analyst
6 158 (9.94%) Test Analyst
7 156 (9.82%) Developer in Test
8 144 (9.06%) Test Engineer
9 114 (7.17%) Java Engineer
10 106 (6.67%) Software Engineer
11 96 (6.04%) Automation Test Analyst
12 94 (5.92%) Software Developer
13 90 (5.66%) Senior Developer
14 88 (5.54%) Test Automation Engineer
15 80 (5.03%) DevOps Engineer
16 75 (4.72%) QA Engineer
17 74 (4.66%) QA Tester
18 62 (3.90%) JavaScript Developer
19 60 (3.78%) Java Automation Tester
20 48 (3.02%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 344 (21.65%) REST
2 335 (21.08%) Gherkin
3 334 (21.02%) Spring
4 283 (17.81%) RESTful
5 269 (16.93%) Web Services
6 241 (15.17%) Node.js
7 208 (13.09%) HTML
8 189 (11.89%) JSON
9 187 (11.77%) CSS
10 172 (10.82%) AngularJS
11 142 (8.94%) XML
12 141 (8.87%) SOAP
13 122 (7.68%) React
14 118 (7.43%) HTML5
15 115 (7.24%) Spring Boot
16 101 (6.36%) Kafka
17 96 (6.04%) .NET
18 91 (5.73%) Hibernate
19 70 (4.41%) CSS3
20 57 (3.59%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 126 (7.93%) Mobile App
2 99 (6.23%) Greenfield Project
3 87 (5.48%) Analytical Skills
4 80 (5.03%) Computer Science
5 47 (2.96%) User Experience
6 34 (2.14%) Video on Demand
6 34 (2.14%) Virtual Team
7 32 (2.01%) Fintech
8 27 (1.70%) Linux Command Line
9 23 (1.45%) Video\Live Streaming
10 18 (1.13%) Online Games
11 15 (0.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 14 (0.88%) Algorithms
13 12 (0.76%) Credit Risk
13 12 (0.76%) Derivative
14 9 (0.57%) Management Information System
14 9 (0.57%) Market Risk
14 9 (0.57%) RIA
15 8 (0.50%) Clustering
15 8 (0.50%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 240 (15.10%) Linux
2 138 (8.68%) Unix
3 98 (6.17%) Apple iOS
4 90 (5.66%) Android
5 87 (5.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 53 (3.34%) Mac OS X
7 52 (3.27%) Windows
8 14 (0.88%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.25%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.19%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.13%) CentOS
11 2 (0.13%) Solaris
12 1 (0.063%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,157 (72.81%) Agile Software Development
2 1,065 (67.02%) Test Automation
3 899 (56.58%) BDD
4 702 (44.18%) TDD
5 492 (30.96%) Scrum
6 422 (26.56%) Continuous Integration
7 265 (16.68%) Microservices
8 262 (16.49%) DevOps
9 246 (15.48%) Kanban
10 236 (14.85%) Open Source
10 236 (14.85%) Software Engineering
11 187 (11.77%) Continuous Delivery
12 181 (11.39%) SDET
13 148 (9.31%) E-Commerce
14 147 (9.25%) User Stories
15 144 (9.06%) Mentoring
16 140 (8.81%) Test Scripting
17 122 (7.68%) Functional Testing
18 115 (7.24%) API Testing
18 115 (7.24%) Performance Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,118 (70.36%) Java
2 435 (27.38%) JavaScript
3 346 (21.77%) SQL
4 270 (16.99%) Ruby
5 221 (13.91%) C#
6 219 (13.78%) Python
7 101 (6.36%) Scala
8 62 (3.90%) Groovy
9 53 (3.34%) Apple Swift
10 50 (3.15%) Perl
11 47 (2.96%) Shell Script
12 38 (2.39%) Bash Shell
13 35 (2.20%) ES6
14 30 (1.89%) Go
15 26 (1.64%) C++
16 23 (1.45%) VBA
17 20 (1.26%) PL/SQL
17 20 (1.26%) VB
18 19 (1.20%) VBScript
19 17 (1.07%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 118 (7.43%) Degree
1 118 (7.43%) Security Cleared
2 89 (5.60%) SC Cleared
3 54 (3.40%) Computer Science Degree
4 40 (2.52%) ISEB
5 38 (2.39%) ISTQB
6 11 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
6 11 (0.69%) DV Cleared
7 8 (0.50%) Master's Degree
8 5 (0.31%) ISEB Practitioner
8 5 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 3 (0.19%) BC Cleared
9 3 (0.19%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.13%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 2 (0.13%) MCSA
10 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.063%) CFA
11 1 (0.063%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 406 (25.55%) QA
2 21 (1.32%) PCI DSS
3 18 (1.13%) WCAG
4 17 (1.07%) GDPR
5 11 (0.69%) MiFID
6 5 (0.31%) WAI
7 3 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
8 2 (0.13%) EMIR
8 2 (0.13%) PMO
9 1 (0.063%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.063%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.063%) ISO 8583
9 1 (0.063%) PSD2
9 1 (0.063%) SEPA
System Software
1 272 (17.12%) Docker
2 40 (2.52%) HDFS
3 25 (1.57%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 10 (0.63%) Virtual Servers
5 3 (0.19%) Active Directory
5 3 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
5 3 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.13%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.063%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 162 (10.20%) Puppet
2 82 (5.16%) Kubernetes
3 78 (4.91%) Terraform
4 68 (4.28%) Ansible
5 65 (4.09%) Opscode Chef
6 38 (2.39%) Grafana
7 26 (1.64%) Kibana
8 15 (0.94%) HP Quality Center
9 12 (0.76%) Docker Swarm
9 12 (0.76%) StatsD
10 11 (0.69%) Business Desktop Deployment
10 11 (0.69%) logstash
11 9 (0.57%) CA Service Virtualization
12 8 (0.50%) Cobbler
13 7 (0.44%) Packer
14 6 (0.38%) Mesos
15 5 (0.31%) Galera Cluster
15 5 (0.31%) OpenNebula
15 5 (0.31%) Rundeck
15 5 (0.31%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 137 (8.62%) Oracle
2 61 (3.84%) Splunk
3 55 (3.46%) Red Hat
4 48 (3.02%) Atlassian
5 41 (2.58%) Google
6 40 (2.52%) IBM
7 38 (2.39%) HP
8 34 (2.14%) AppDynamics
9 29 (1.83%) Microsoft
10 26 (1.64%) SAP
11 25 (1.57%) hybris
12 15 (0.94%) Hortonworks
12 15 (0.94%) Xamarin
13 14 (0.88%) Apple
14 11 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
14 11 (0.69%) TIBCO
15 9 (0.57%) CA
15 9 (0.57%) Cisco
16 8 (0.50%) Adobe
17 7 (0.44%) MuleSoft