Period
to 20 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 20 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 206 141 177
Rank change year-on-year -65 +36 +5
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 1,102 2,012 1,566
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.32% 1.93% 1.53%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.67% 9.14% 8.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 753 1,371 1,116
UK median daily rate £450 £463 £448
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.70% +3.24% +5.41%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £319
90th Percentile £588 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 3 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £22.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +55.56% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £29.50 £22.50 -
% change year-on-year +31.11% - -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 14,368 22,010 19,073
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.20% 21.15% 18.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,424 15,085 13,284
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 243 232 287
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.35% - +3.66%
10th Percentile £20.50 £26.53 £29.00
90th Percentile £67.00 £53.75 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.13 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -0.88% - +3.66%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 20 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 20 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -62 990 £450 -5.26% 195
UK excluding London -30 659 £425 - 146
London -76 422 £500 - 61
South East -2 189 £460 +5.75% 18
North of England -14 149 £400 -9.09% 38
South West +15 142 £463 +2.78% 31
Scotland +5 73 £375 -1.32% 8
Midlands -70 63 £421 +3.37% 29
Yorkshire +1 59 £370 -17.78% 19
North West -17 46 £431 +1.47% 17
North East +27 44 £365 -10.43% 2
West Midlands -54 38 £425 - 19
East of England +17 25 £419 -1.47% 18
East Midlands -6 25 £400 +1.27% 10
Wales -18 18 £338 -6.25% 4
Northern Ireland -17 2 £431 +4.61%

For the 6 months to 20 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 766 (69.51%) Test Automation
2 764 (69.33%) Agile Software Development
3 733 (66.52%) Selenium
4 644 (58.44%) Java
5 441 (40.02%) Jenkins
6 403 (36.57%) BDD
7 367 (33.30%) JavaScript
8 267 (24.23%) TDD
8 267 (24.23%) JIRA
9 261 (23.68%) DevOps
10 257 (23.32%) Scrum
11 254 (23.05%) Git (software)
12 252 (22.87%) QA
13 243 (22.05%) SQL
14 237 (21.51%) Gherkin
15 236 (21.42%) Continuous Integration
16 201 (18.24%) WebDriver
17 195 (17.70%) Docker
18 189 (17.15%) Spring
19 181 (16.42%) JUnit
20 175 (15.88%) Microservices
21 173 (15.70%) C#
22 161 (14.61%) Maven
22 161 (14.61%) HTML
23 157 (14.25%) Confluence
24 154 (13.97%) RESTful
25 153 (13.88%) Security Cleared
26 150 (13.61%) AWS
27 149 (13.52%) GitHub
28 148 (13.43%) Web Services

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 157 (14.25%) Confluence
2 51 (4.63%) Tomcat
3 50 (4.54%) Apache
4 45 (4.08%) Elasticsearch
5 33 (2.99%) JBoss
6 23 (2.09%) WebSphere
7 21 (1.91%) nginx
7 21 (1.91%) WebLogic
8 13 (1.18%) Cloud Foundry
9 12 (1.09%) Apache Spark
9 12 (1.09%) Jetty
10 11 (1.00%) CMS
11 8 (0.73%) Mule
11 8 (0.73%) SharePoint
12 7 (0.64%) Apache Solr
13 6 (0.54%) IIS
14 4 (0.36%) Mule ESB
14 4 (0.36%) Oracle Self-Service HR
14 4 (0.36%) Oracle Workflow
14 4 (0.36%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 19 (1.72%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.18%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.091%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.091%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.091%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 8 (0.73%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.45%) Oracle Cash Management
3 4 (0.36%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.18%) Sentinel
5 1 (0.091%) Magento
5 1 (0.091%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.091%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.091%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 150 (13.61%) AWS
2 149 (13.52%) GitHub
3 135 (12.25%) Azure
4 35 (3.18%) Google Analytics
5 33 (2.99%) BrowserStack
6 30 (2.72%) Serverless
7 24 (2.18%) Amazon EC2
7 24 (2.18%) AWS Lambda
7 24 (2.18%) GCP
8 22 (2.00%) Amazon S3
9 20 (1.81%) OpenShift
9 20 (1.81%) PaaS
10 16 (1.45%) Sauce Labs
11 14 (1.27%) Amazon ECS
12 12 (1.09%) npm
13 11 (1.00%) SaaS
14 10 (0.91%) IaaS
15 9 (0.82%) Amazon SQS
15 9 (0.82%) Slack
16 8 (0.73%) BlazeMeter
Communications & Networking
1 56 (5.08%) HTTP
2 42 (3.81%) TCP/IP
3 40 (3.63%) SSL
4 8 (0.73%) DSL
5 7 (0.64%) Firewall
6 6 (0.54%) SSH
6 6 (0.54%) Wireshark
7 4 (0.36%) FTP
7 4 (0.36%) Internet
8 3 (0.27%) AMQP
8 3 (0.27%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.18%) BIG-IP
9 2 (0.18%) DHCP
9 2 (0.18%) LAN
9 2 (0.18%) NetScaler
9 2 (0.18%) WAN
10 1 (0.091%) PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 104 (9.44%) MongoDB
2 74 (6.72%) SQL Server
3 63 (5.72%) Relational Database
4 59 (5.35%) PostgreSQL
5 50 (4.54%) NoSQL
6 45 (4.08%) MySQL
7 34 (3.09%) Big Data
8 29 (2.63%) Hadoop
9 22 (2.00%) RDBMS
10 20 (1.81%) Oracle Database
11 19 (1.72%) DB2
12 12 (1.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 12 (1.09%) Data Lake
12 12 (1.09%) Data Warehouse
13 10 (0.91%) Neo4j
13 10 (0.91%) Redis
14 9 (0.82%) Amazon RDS
14 9 (0.82%) Apache Cassandra
14 9 (0.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 8 (0.73%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 733 (66.52%) Selenium
2 441 (40.02%) Jenkins
3 267 (24.23%) JIRA
4 254 (23.05%) Git (software)
5 201 (18.24%) WebDriver
6 181 (16.42%) JUnit
7 161 (14.61%) Maven
8 123 (11.16%) JMeter
9 110 (9.98%) Gatling
10 92 (8.35%) Mockito
11 81 (7.35%) SpecFlow
12 65 (5.90%) SoapUI
13 61 (5.54%) TeamCity
14 52 (4.72%) Visual Studio
15 51 (4.63%) Gradle
16 49 (4.45%) Appium
16 49 (4.45%) Subversion
17 47 (4.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 44 (3.99%) Mocha
19 42 (3.81%) Protractor
General
1 138 (12.52%) Finance
2 83 (7.53%) Banking
3 67 (6.08%) Public Sector
4 46 (4.17%) Retail
5 28 (2.54%) Front Office
6 16 (1.45%) Telecoms
7 12 (1.09%) Investment Banking
7 12 (1.09%) Manufacturing
8 11 (1.00%) Law
8 11 (1.00%) Marketing
9 6 (0.54%) Advertising
9 6 (0.54%) Games
10 3 (0.27%) Automotive
10 3 (0.27%) Electronics
10 3 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
10 3 (0.27%) Publishing
11 2 (0.18%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.18%) Police
12 1 (0.091%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 351 (31.85%) Developer
2 196 (17.79%) Tester
3 165 (14.97%) Analyst
4 162 (14.70%) Test Engineer
5 160 (14.52%) Java Developer
6 145 (13.16%) Automation Tester
7 143 (12.98%) Test Analyst
8 89 (8.08%) Test Automation Engineer
9 70 (6.35%) Automation Test Analyst
10 60 (5.44%) QA Engineer
11 55 (4.99%) Developer in Test
12 50 (4.54%) Senior Developer
13 47 (4.26%) Java Engineer
14 42 (3.81%) QA Analyst
14 42 (3.81%) Software Engineer
14 42 (3.81%) Test Leader
15 39 (3.54%) Full Stack Developer
16 38 (3.45%) DevOps Engineer
16 38 (3.45%) Software Developer
17 36 (3.27%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 237 (21.51%) Gherkin
2 189 (17.15%) Spring
3 161 (14.61%) HTML
4 154 (13.97%) RESTful
5 148 (13.43%) Web Services
6 144 (13.07%) Node.js
7 142 (12.89%) AngularJS
7 142 (12.89%) CSS
8 140 (12.70%) REST
9 132 (11.98%) XML
10 105 (9.53%) JSON
11 96 (8.71%) .NET
11 96 (8.71%) SOAP
12 87 (7.89%) React
13 79 (7.17%) HTML5
14 74 (6.72%) Hibernate
15 73 (6.62%) Spring Boot
16 50 (4.54%) CSS3
17 40 (3.63%) Play Framework
17 40 (3.63%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 56 (5.08%) Analytical Skills
2 54 (4.90%) User Experience
3 29 (2.63%) Mobile App
4 24 (2.18%) Greenfield Project
5 16 (1.45%) Derivative
6 14 (1.27%) Algorithms
7 13 (1.18%) Enterprise Software
7 13 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
8 12 (1.09%) Self-Motivation
9 10 (0.91%) Mobile Banking
10 9 (0.82%) Data Structures
10 9 (0.82%) NHS
10 9 (0.82%) Virtual Team
11 8 (0.73%) iPad
12 7 (0.64%) Cloud Native
12 7 (0.64%) Cyberthreat
13 6 (0.54%) Public Cloud
14 5 (0.45%) Digital Media
15 4 (0.36%) Fixed Income
15 4 (0.36%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 116 (10.53%) Linux
2 95 (8.62%) Unix
3 83 (7.53%) Windows
4 53 (4.81%) Android
5 43 (3.90%) Apple iOS
6 31 (2.81%) Ubuntu
7 28 (2.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (1.09%) CentOS
8 12 (1.09%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.73%) Mac OS X
10 6 (0.54%) Debian
11 5 (0.45%) Windows Server
12 4 (0.36%) Solaris
13 1 (0.091%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 766 (69.51%) Test Automation
2 764 (69.33%) Agile Software Development
3 403 (36.57%) BDD
4 267 (24.23%) TDD
5 261 (23.68%) DevOps
6 257 (23.32%) Scrum
7 236 (21.42%) Continuous Integration
8 175 (15.88%) Microservices
9 123 (11.16%) Kanban
10 116 (10.53%) API Testing
11 111 (10.07%) Software Engineering
12 110 (9.98%) Performance Testing
13 103 (9.35%) Open Source
14 102 (9.26%) Test Scripting
15 89 (8.08%) Regression Testing
15 89 (8.08%) User Stories
16 86 (7.80%) Mentoring
17 81 (7.35%) Problem-Solving
18 78 (7.08%) OO
18 78 (7.08%) SDET
Programming Languages
1 644 (58.44%) Java
2 367 (33.30%) JavaScript
3 243 (22.05%) SQL
4 173 (15.70%) C#
5 124 (11.25%) Python
6 120 (10.89%) Java 8
7 93 (8.44%) Scala
8 90 (8.17%) Ruby
9 47 (4.26%) Groovy
10 40 (3.63%) TypeScript
11 35 (3.18%) Perl
12 32 (2.90%) C
13 29 (2.63%) C++
14 25 (2.27%) PL/SQL
15 23 (2.09%) Kotlin
16 21 (1.91%) ES6
17 20 (1.81%) Bash Shell
18 19 (1.72%) Shell Script
19 15 (1.36%) Go
20 13 (1.18%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 153 (13.88%) Security Cleared
2 115 (10.44%) ISTQB
3 98 (8.89%) ISEB
4 94 (8.53%) SC Cleared
5 52 (4.72%) Degree
6 49 (4.45%) DV Cleared
7 42 (3.81%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 24 (2.18%) Computer Science Degree
9 8 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
10 5 (0.45%) BC Cleared
10 5 (0.45%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 5 (0.45%) Master's Degree
11 3 (0.27%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.18%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 252 (22.87%) QA
2 24 (2.18%) WCAG
3 4 (0.36%) GDPR
4 2 (0.18%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.18%) SLA
5 1 (0.091%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.091%) EMIR
5 1 (0.091%) MiFID
5 1 (0.091%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.091%) PMBOK
5 1 (0.091%) PMO
5 1 (0.091%) PSD2
System Software
1 195 (17.70%) Docker
2 13 (1.18%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (0.73%) vSphere
4 4 (0.36%) HDFS
5 3 (0.27%) KVM
5 3 (0.27%) oVirt
5 3 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.18%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.091%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 110 (9.98%) Kubernetes
2 71 (6.44%) Ansible
3 54 (4.90%) Puppet
4 49 (4.45%) Kibana
5 39 (3.54%) Terraform
6 37 (3.36%) Grafana
7 22 (2.00%) HP Quality Center
7 22 (2.00%) Opscode Chef
8 6 (0.54%) logstash
9 5 (0.45%) Nagios
9 5 (0.45%) NetIQ Identity Manager
9 5 (0.45%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 5 (0.45%) Salt
10 3 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
10 3 (0.27%) Graphite
10 3 (0.27%) Pingdom
10 3 (0.27%) ZABBIX
11 2 (0.18%) HP ALM
11 2 (0.18%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 121 (10.98%) Oracle
2 80 (7.26%) Microsoft
3 66 (5.99%) Google
4 39 (3.54%) Atlassian
5 33 (2.99%) Cypress Semiconductor
6 26 (2.36%) IBM
7 17 (1.54%) Adobe
7 17 (1.54%) Splunk
7 17 (1.54%) VMware
8 12 (1.09%) hybris
8 12 (1.09%) Red Hat
8 12 (1.09%) webMethods
9 11 (1.00%) MuleSoft
9 11 (1.00%) New Relic
10 10 (0.91%) ForgeRock
10 10 (0.91%) NetIQ
10 10 (0.91%) Salesforce.com
11 8 (0.73%) HP
11 8 (0.73%) SAP
12 7 (0.64%) Elastic Path