Period
to 20 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 20 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
20 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 151 192 202
Rank change year-on-year +41 +10 +46
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 1,826 1,345 1,420
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.79% 1.41% 1.31%
As % of the Development Applications category 8.71% 7.80% 8.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,267 939 1,018
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £306
90th Percentile £588 £580 £557
UK excluding London median daily rate £423 £400 £383
% change year-on-year +5.63% +4.58% +2.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 4
UK median hourly rate £28.00 £20.00 £42.90
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.00% -53.37% -
10th Percentile £21.30 £19.00 £37.14
90th Percentile £114.10 £21.00 £46.48
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.25 £20.00 £42.90
% change year-on-year +26.25% -53.37% -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 20,963 17,254 17,088
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.51% 18.03% 15.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,371 11,839 11,620
UK median daily rate £473 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £320 £310 £300
90th Percentile £613 £594 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +6.85%
Number of hourly rates quoted 222 301 276
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +0.59% +12.67%
10th Percentile £26.53 £28.75 £26.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £57.50 £53.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.13 £42.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year -0.88% +1.19% +9.80%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 20 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 20 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 20 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +34 1,639 £463 +5.71% 293
UK excluding London +48 925 £423 +5.63% 190
London +16 881 £488 +2.63% 132
South East +64 227 £450 -2.70% 35
North of England -24 212 £425 +6.25% 56
Midlands +88 168 £405 +8.00% 41
Yorkshire -2 117 £425 - 22
South West +7 101 £423 +2.42% 22
West Midlands +58 97 £425 -15.00% 15
Scotland -2 96 £400 +6.67% 17
North West -7 77 £425 +6.25% 34
East Midlands +34 71 £400 +6.67% 26
Wales +19 54 £360 +9.09% 9
East of England -9 50 £450 +12.50% 7
North East -19 18 £575 +79.69%
Northern Ireland +33 17 £431 +4.48% 3

For the 6 months to 20 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 1,330 (72.84%) Test Automation
2 1,318 (72.18%) Agile Software Development
3 1,217 (66.65%) Java
4 1,136 (62.21%) Selenium
5 846 (46.33%) BDD
6 667 (36.53%) Jenkins
7 627 (34.34%) TDD
8 602 (32.97%) Git (software)
9 475 (26.01%) JavaScript
10 446 (24.42%) Scrum
11 433 (23.71%) JIRA
12 432 (23.66%) Gherkin
13 414 (22.67%) Continuous Integration
14 397 (21.74%) QA
15 388 (21.25%) SQL
16 377 (20.65%) DevOps
17 367 (20.10%) Linux
18 354 (19.39%) Docker
19 336 (18.40%) WebDriver
20 303 (16.59%) Spring
21 286 (15.66%) Microservices
22 284 (15.55%) JUnit
23 280 (15.33%) API Testing
24 277 (15.17%) C#
24 277 (15.17%) Finance
25 272 (14.90%) REST
26 256 (14.02%) Maven
27 253 (13.86%) Node.js
28 247 (13.53%) SDET
29 246 (13.47%) RESTful

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 220 (12.05%) Confluence
2 91 (4.98%) Tomcat
3 68 (3.72%) WebLogic
4 67 (3.67%) Apache
5 55 (3.01%) JBoss
6 51 (2.79%) Cloud Foundry
7 49 (2.68%) Elasticsearch
8 42 (2.30%) Apache Spark
9 41 (2.25%) nginx
10 40 (2.19%) WebSphere
11 30 (1.64%) CMS
12 29 (1.59%) Jetty
13 20 (1.10%) GemFire
14 17 (0.93%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 16 (0.88%) Apache Solr
16 14 (0.77%) IIS
17 13 (0.71%) Documentum
17 13 (0.71%) Oracle Service Bus
18 8 (0.44%) Sitecore CMS
19 7 (0.38%) Anypoint
Applications
1 19 (1.04%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.11%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.055%) HipChat
3 1 (0.055%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.055%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (0.16%) Markit EDM
2 2 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
3 1 (0.055%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 1 (0.055%) LatentZero
3 1 (0.055%) Magento
3 1 (0.055%) Minerva
3 1 (0.055%) Oracle General Ledger
3 1 (0.055%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
3 1 (0.055%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 239 (13.09%) Amazon AWS
2 132 (7.23%) GitHub
3 118 (6.46%) Microsoft Azure
4 75 (4.11%) BrowserStack
5 60 (3.29%) Sauce Labs
6 42 (2.30%) Google Analytics
7 39 (2.14%) Slack
8 36 (1.97%) npm
9 34 (1.86%) PaaS
10 23 (1.26%) OpenShift
11 21 (1.15%) SaaS
12 19 (1.04%) Google Cloud Platform
13 14 (0.77%) Serverless
14 13 (0.71%) IaaS
15 9 (0.49%) Akamai
15 9 (0.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 9 (0.49%) AWS CloudFormation
15 9 (0.49%) DigitalOcean
15 9 (0.49%) Tricentis Tosca
16 8 (0.44%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 120 (6.57%) HTTP
2 62 (3.40%) TCP/IP
3 48 (2.63%) SSL
4 38 (2.08%) AMQP
5 22 (1.20%) Internet
6 13 (0.71%) Firewall
7 12 (0.66%) Kerberos
8 9 (0.49%) SMS
9 7 (0.38%) DSL
10 6 (0.33%) HTTPS
10 6 (0.33%) MQTT
11 5 (0.27%) VPN
12 4 (0.22%) SSH
13 3 (0.16%) DNS
13 3 (0.16%) FTP
13 3 (0.16%) SMTP
14 2 (0.11%) Broadband
14 2 (0.11%) Network Security
15 1 (0.055%) PuTTY
15 1 (0.055%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 171 (9.36%) MongoDB
2 147 (8.05%) NoSQL
3 106 (5.81%) MySQL
4 104 (5.70%) PostgreSQL
5 102 (5.59%) Relational Database
6 68 (3.72%) SQL Server
7 65 (3.56%) Hadoop
8 63 (3.45%) Apache Cassandra
8 63 (3.45%) Big Data
9 47 (2.57%) RDBMS
10 41 (2.25%) HBase
11 37 (2.03%) Redis
12 35 (1.92%) Oracle Database
13 30 (1.64%) Neo4j
14 29 (1.59%) Apache Hive
15 26 (1.42%) Couchbase
16 23 (1.26%) DB2
17 21 (1.15%) Oracle Database 11g
18 14 (0.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 12 (0.66%) Riak
Development Applications
1 1,136 (62.21%) Selenium
2 667 (36.53%) Jenkins
3 602 (32.97%) Git (software)
4 433 (23.71%) JIRA
5 336 (18.40%) WebDriver
6 284 (15.55%) JUnit
7 256 (14.02%) Maven
8 214 (11.72%) SoapUI
9 154 (8.43%) JMeter
9 154 (8.43%) SpecFlow
10 128 (7.01%) IntelliJ
11 122 (6.68%) Subversion
12 110 (6.02%) Appium
13 108 (5.91%) Bitbucket
14 106 (5.81%) Mockito
15 101 (5.53%) Gradle
16 95 (5.20%) Protractor
17 94 (5.15%) Gatling
18 89 (4.87%) Eclipse
19 77 (4.22%) Mocha
General
1 277 (15.17%) Finance
2 155 (8.49%) Banking
3 71 (3.89%) Retail
4 42 (2.30%) Telecoms
5 25 (1.37%) Investment Banking
6 19 (1.04%) Advertising
6 19 (1.04%) Back Office
7 15 (0.82%) Games
8 12 (0.66%) Marketing
9 10 (0.55%) Publishing
9 10 (0.55%) Retail Banking
10 8 (0.44%) Front Office
11 6 (0.33%) Financial Institution
11 6 (0.33%) Manufacturing
12 5 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.16%) Law
14 2 (0.11%) Automotive
14 2 (0.11%) Online Betting
15 1 (0.055%) General Ledger
15 1 (0.055%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 615 (33.68%) Developer
2 352 (19.28%) Java Developer
3 342 (18.73%) Tester
4 261 (14.29%) Automation Tester
5 216 (11.83%) Analyst
6 200 (10.95%) Test Engineer
7 189 (10.35%) Test Analyst
8 138 (7.56%) Developer in Test
9 122 (6.68%) Automation Test Analyst
10 121 (6.63%) Test Automation Engineer
11 94 (5.15%) QA Engineer
12 91 (4.98%) Senior Developer
13 76 (4.16%) Java Engineer
14 73 (4.00%) Selenium Tester
14 73 (4.00%) Software Engineer
15 71 (3.89%) Senior Java Developer
16 66 (3.61%) Selenium Automation Tester
17 63 (3.45%) Test Automation Developer
18 62 (3.40%) DevOps Engineer
18 62 (3.40%) Java Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 432 (23.66%) Gherkin
2 303 (16.59%) Spring
3 272 (14.90%) REST
4 253 (13.86%) Node.js
5 246 (13.47%) RESTful
6 214 (11.72%) Web Services
7 205 (11.23%) HTML
8 203 (11.12%) XML
9 190 (10.41%) JSON
10 186 (10.19%) AngularJS
11 175 (9.58%) CSS
12 158 (8.65%) SOAP
13 133 (7.28%) .NET
14 117 (6.41%) Spring Boot
15 111 (6.08%) React
16 92 (5.04%) Hibernate
16 92 (5.04%) Kafka
17 85 (4.65%) jQuery
18 75 (4.11%) Java EE
19 73 (4.00%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 112 (6.13%) Greenfield Project
2 64 (3.50%) Mobile App
3 61 (3.34%) Analytical Skills
4 60 (3.29%) User Experience
5 56 (3.07%) Linux Command Line
6 40 (2.19%) Fintech
7 30 (1.64%) Computer Science
8 26 (1.42%) Enterprise Software
9 23 (1.26%) Algorithms
10 20 (1.10%) Self-Motivation
10 20 (1.10%) Virtual Team
11 16 (0.88%) Video on Demand
12 14 (0.77%) Data Structures
12 14 (0.77%) Derivative
13 12 (0.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 11 (0.60%) Data Centre
14 11 (0.60%) NHS
14 11 (0.60%) Public Cloud
15 9 (0.49%) Cloud Native
16 8 (0.44%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 367 (20.10%) Linux
2 236 (12.92%) Unix
3 102 (5.59%) Windows
4 80 (4.38%) Apple iOS
5 61 (3.34%) Android
6 58 (3.18%) Ubuntu
7 53 (2.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 37 (2.03%) Mac OS X
9 15 (0.82%) CentOS
10 11 (0.60%) Windows Server
11 6 (0.33%) Solaris
12 5 (0.27%) Debian
13 3 (0.16%) VMS
14 2 (0.11%) Kali Linux
14 2 (0.11%) Windows 2000
14 2 (0.11%) Windows Vista
15 1 (0.055%) AIX
15 1 (0.055%) Mac OS
15 1 (0.055%) SUSE
15 1 (0.055%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,330 (72.84%) Test Automation
2 1,318 (72.18%) Agile Software Development
3 846 (46.33%) BDD
4 627 (34.34%) TDD
5 446 (24.42%) Scrum
6 414 (22.67%) Continuous Integration
7 377 (20.65%) DevOps
8 286 (15.66%) Microservices
9 280 (15.33%) API Testing
10 247 (13.53%) SDET
11 214 (11.72%) Open Source
12 200 (10.95%) Kanban
13 167 (9.15%) Test Scripting
14 161 (8.82%) SDLC
15 156 (8.54%) Software Engineering
16 140 (7.67%) OO
17 136 (7.45%) Problem-Solving
18 135 (7.39%) Continuous Delivery
19 133 (7.28%) Test Strategy
20 126 (6.90%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,217 (66.65%) Java
2 475 (26.01%) JavaScript
3 388 (21.25%) SQL
4 277 (15.17%) C#
5 214 (11.72%) Python
6 191 (10.46%) Java 8
7 147 (8.05%) Ruby
8 104 (5.70%) Groovy
9 100 (5.48%) Scala
10 69 (3.78%) Perl
11 58 (3.18%) Shell Script
12 42 (2.30%) PL/SQL
13 41 (2.25%) Haskell
14 37 (2.03%) Bash Shell
15 31 (1.70%) ES6
16 24 (1.31%) TypeScript
17 23 (1.26%) C++
18 22 (1.20%) VB.NET
19 19 (1.04%) PowerShell
20 18 (0.99%) VBA
Qualifications
1 189 (10.35%) Security Cleared
2 151 (8.27%) SC Cleared
3 118 (6.46%) ISTQB
4 95 (5.20%) ISEB
5 71 (3.89%) Degree
6 26 (1.42%) DV Cleared
6 26 (1.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 25 (1.37%) Computer Science Degree
8 17 (0.93%) BPSS Clearance
9 9 (0.49%) DBS Check
9 9 (0.49%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 9 (0.49%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.22%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
12 2 (0.11%) BC Cleared
12 2 (0.11%) OCA
12 2 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
13 1 (0.055%) HND
13 1 (0.055%) MCSE
13 1 (0.055%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 397 (21.74%) QA
2 8 (0.44%) PMO
3 7 (0.38%) GCP
4 5 (0.27%) GDPR
5 4 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.22%) Dodd-Frank
5 4 (0.22%) EMIR
6 3 (0.16%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.16%) MiFID
6 3 (0.16%) PSD2
6 3 (0.16%) WCAG
7 2 (0.11%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.055%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.055%) WAI
System Software
1 354 (19.39%) Docker
2 37 (2.03%) HDFS
3 11 (0.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 7 (0.38%) Active Directory
5 4 (0.22%) vCloud
5 4 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
6 2 (0.11%) Samba
6 2 (0.11%) VirtualBox
6 2 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
6 2 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.055%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 125 (6.85%) Puppet
2 117 (6.41%) Ansible
2 117 (6.41%) Kubernetes
3 77 (4.22%) Kibana
4 70 (3.83%) Grafana
5 66 (3.61%) Terraform
6 57 (3.12%) Opscode Chef
7 28 (1.53%) logstash
8 20 (1.10%) HP Quality Center
9 12 (0.66%) Docker Swarm
9 12 (0.66%) Graylog
10 10 (0.55%) Cobbler
11 9 (0.49%) HP ALM
11 9 (0.49%) OpenView
11 9 (0.49%) SCOM
11 9 (0.49%) ZABBIX
12 8 (0.44%) Packer
13 7 (0.38%) Business Desktop Deployment
13 7 (0.38%) Nagios
13 7 (0.38%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 162 (8.87%) Oracle
2 72 (3.94%) Google
3 67 (3.67%) Microsoft
4 52 (2.85%) Atlassian
5 49 (2.68%) Splunk
6 48 (2.63%) Red Hat
7 34 (1.86%) AppDynamics
7 34 (1.86%) HP
8 33 (1.81%) IBM
9 26 (1.42%) Adobe
10 20 (1.10%) MuleSoft
11 17 (0.93%) Pega
12 15 (0.82%) webMethods
13 14 (0.77%) TIBCO
14 11 (0.60%) Cypress Semiconductor
14 11 (0.60%) Micro Focus
14 11 (0.60%) New Relic
14 11 (0.60%) VMware
15 9 (0.49%) hybris
15 9 (0.49%) WSO2