Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 238 205 173
Rank change year-on-year -33 -32 +9
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 701 548 1,446
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.14% 1.26% 1.60%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.48% 6.91% 8.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 490 399 951
10th Percentile £340 £324 £348
25th Percentile £400 £390 £390
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £474 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.33% - -
75th Percentile £563 £550 £538
90th Percentile £638 £615 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -2.86% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 1 1
10th Percentile £36.25 " "
25th Percentile £40.00 " £11.25
Median hourly rate £60.50 £58.00 £11.50
Median % change year-on-year +4.31% +404.35% -54.46%
75th Percentile £65.54 " £11.75
90th Percentile £73.28 " "
UK excluding London median hourly rate £63.00 £58.00 -
% change year-on-year +8.62% - -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 10,822 7,928 18,071
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.54% 18.18% 19.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,236 5,537 12,144
10th Percentile £350 £331 £333
25th Percentile £413 £410 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% +1.06%
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 195 110 258
10th Percentile £25.50 £19.23 £21.25
25th Percentile £40.00 £36.75 £36.55
Median hourly rate £47.50 £47.50 £44.18
Median % change year-on-year - +7.51% +3.95%
75th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £65.50 £63.08 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £45.96 £44.00
% change year-on-year +3.36% +4.44% +3.53%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -21 544 £481 +6.94% 126
London -25 322 £509 +1.75% 65
UK excluding London -32 250 £425 -2.86% 71
Work from Home -98 197 £450 - 29
North of England +13 55 £450 - 21
Scotland -16 53 £410 +14.69% 5
South East -4 48 £475 +5.56% 16
Midlands -28 37 £373 -11.83% 8
South West -19 32 £481 +5.48% 10
West Midlands -22 25 £363 -15.25% 5
North East +10 23 £538 +19.44% 1
North West +6 19 £440 -2.22% 9
East of England +10 15 £450 +9.09% 6
Yorkshire +15 13 £418 -7.22% 11
East Midlands -2 12 £380 +26.67% 3
Wales +7 10 £410 -13.68% 4

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 452 (64.48%) Java
2 424 (60.49%) Test Automation
3 411 (58.63%) Agile Software Development
4 354 (50.50%) BDD
5 346 (49.36%) Selenium
6 280 (39.94%) Jenkins
7 248 (35.38%) TDD
8 227 (32.38%) JIRA
9 210 (29.96%) Microservices
10 207 (29.53%) Git (software)
10 207 (29.53%) Spring
11 205 (29.24%) JavaScript
11 205 (29.24%) DevOps
12 181 (25.82%) Scrum
13 180 (25.68%) QA
13 180 (25.68%) Docker
14 175 (24.96%) JUnit
15 174 (24.82%) REST
16 166 (23.68%) Maven
17 158 (22.54%) SQL
18 151 (21.54%) AWS
19 146 (20.83%) Gherkin
20 141 (20.11%) Social Skills
21 138 (19.69%) Continuous Integration
22 119 (16.98%) Banking
23 117 (16.69%) Finance
23 117 (16.69%) Azure
24 106 (15.12%) RESTful
25 105 (14.98%) AngularJS
26 104 (14.84%) Security Cleared

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 102 (14.55%) Confluence
2 23 (3.28%) Tomcat
3 22 (3.14%) Elasticsearch
4 17 (2.43%) WebSphere
5 16 (2.28%) Mule
6 15 (2.14%) JBoss
6 15 (2.14%) SharePoint
7 14 (2.00%) Apache
7 14 (2.00%) CMS
8 11 (1.57%) Apache Spark
9 9 (1.28%) Jetty
10 8 (1.14%) Red Hat Fuse
11 6 (0.86%) Drupal
12 5 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
13 4 (0.57%) IBM Domino
14 3 (0.43%) Anypoint
14 3 (0.43%) Apache Solr
14 3 (0.43%) WebLogic
15 2 (0.29%) nginx
16 1 (0.14%) Alfresco
Applications
1 12 (1.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (1.28%) Photoshop
3 3 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.43%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.14%) Figma
4 1 (0.14%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 13 (1.85%) SAP HCM
2 5 (0.71%) Adobe Campaign
3 4 (0.57%) Magento
4 3 (0.43%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.29%) SAP FI-CA
5 2 (0.29%) SAP PSCD
6 1 (0.14%) Endur
6 1 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 151 (21.54%) AWS
2 117 (16.69%) Azure
3 69 (9.84%) GitHub
4 34 (4.85%) GCP
5 30 (4.28%) Serverless
6 27 (3.85%) OpenShift
7 24 (3.42%) PaaS
8 20 (2.85%) IaaS
8 20 (2.85%) SaaS
9 19 (2.71%) Datadog
10 18 (2.57%) AWS Lambda
11 16 (2.28%) Amazon S3
12 14 (2.00%) npm
12 14 (2.00%) SuccessFactors
13 13 (1.85%) AWS CloudFormation
14 10 (1.43%) Amazon EC2
15 9 (1.28%) Amazon ECS
15 9 (1.28%) Sauce Labs
16 8 (1.14%) BrowserStack
17 7 (1.00%) Tricentis Tosca
Communications & Networking
1 21 (3.00%) HTTP
2 13 (1.85%) LAN
3 9 (1.28%) Kerberos
3 9 (1.28%) SMS
4 7 (1.00%) DNS
4 7 (1.00%) TCP/IP
5 6 (0.86%) Internet
5 6 (0.86%) Unified Communications
6 5 (0.71%) DMARC
6 5 (0.71%) SMTP
7 4 (0.57%) SSL
8 2 (0.29%) SWIFTNet
8 2 (0.29%) VPN
9 1 (0.14%) DHCP
9 1 (0.14%) DSL
9 1 (0.14%) Firewall
9 1 (0.14%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.14%) WAN
9 1 (0.14%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 53 (7.56%) NoSQL
2 41 (5.85%) Relational Database
2 41 (5.85%) SQL Server
3 35 (4.99%) MongoDB
4 28 (3.99%) PostgreSQL
5 18 (2.57%) Big Data
6 16 (2.28%) Data Warehouse
7 15 (2.14%) Hadoop
8 14 (2.00%) Redis
9 13 (1.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 12 (1.71%) MySQL
11 11 (1.57%) DB2
12 8 (1.14%) RDBMS
13 7 (1.00%) Apache Hive
13 7 (1.00%) Oracle Reports
14 6 (0.86%) HBase
14 6 (0.86%) Impala
14 6 (0.86%) SQL Server 2012
14 6 (0.86%) SQL Server 2017
15 5 (0.71%) CockroachDB
Development Applications
1 346 (49.36%) Selenium
2 280 (39.94%) Jenkins
3 227 (32.38%) JIRA
4 207 (29.53%) Git (software)
5 175 (24.96%) JUnit
6 166 (23.68%) Maven
7 87 (12.41%) Postman
8 70 (9.99%) JMeter
9 68 (9.70%) REST Assured
10 56 (7.99%) GitLab
11 53 (7.56%) WebDriver
12 52 (7.42%) SpecFlow
13 46 (6.56%) Cypress.io
14 44 (6.28%) Mockito
15 40 (5.71%) SoapUI
16 33 (4.71%) Subversion
17 32 (4.56%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 32 (4.56%) TestNG
18 31 (4.42%) Appium
18 31 (4.42%) Protractor
General
1 141 (20.11%) Social Skills
2 119 (16.98%) Banking
3 117 (16.69%) Finance
4 60 (8.56%) Analytical Skills
5 47 (6.70%) Public Sector
6 26 (3.71%) Retail
7 24 (3.42%) Documentation Skills
8 16 (2.28%) Investment Banking
8 16 (2.28%) Retail Banking
9 11 (1.57%) Games
9 11 (1.57%) Influencing Skills
10 10 (1.43%) Telecoms
11 9 (1.28%) Presentation Skills
12 7 (1.00%) Marketing
13 5 (0.71%) Front Office
13 5 (0.71%) Organisational Skills
14 3 (0.43%) Billing
14 3 (0.43%) Financial Institution
14 3 (0.43%) Legal
15 2 (0.29%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 247 (35.24%) Developer
2 148 (21.11%) Java Developer
3 111 (15.83%) Tester
4 89 (12.70%) Automation Tester
5 75 (10.70%) Test Engineer
6 72 (10.27%) Analyst
7 53 (7.56%) Test Analyst
8 49 (6.99%) Test Automation Engineer
9 44 (6.28%) Senior Developer
10 37 (5.28%) QA Engineer
11 36 (5.14%) Full Stack Developer
12 35 (4.99%) Senior Java Developer
13 33 (4.71%) Software Engineer
14 28 (3.99%) Java Engineer
15 27 (3.85%) Automation Engineer
16 25 (3.57%) Automation Test Analyst
16 25 (3.57%) DevOps Engineer
17 23 (3.28%) Architect
17 23 (3.28%) QA Tester
18 22 (3.14%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 207 (29.53%) Spring
2 174 (24.82%) REST
3 146 (20.83%) Gherkin
4 106 (15.12%) RESTful
5 105 (14.98%) AngularJS
6 101 (14.41%) Web Services
7 100 (14.27%) Node.js
8 85 (12.13%) Spring Boot
9 66 (9.42%) HTML
9 66 (9.42%) XML
10 64 (9.13%) React
11 54 (7.70%) Hibernate
11 54 (7.70%) JSON
12 45 (6.42%) Kafka
13 44 (6.28%) SOAP
14 40 (5.71%) CSS
14 40 (5.71%) GraphQL
15 39 (5.56%) Jest
16 38 (5.42%) HTML5
17 33 (4.71%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 50 (7.13%) Mobile App
2 29 (4.14%) User Experience
3 25 (3.57%) Virtual Team
4 20 (2.85%) Self-Motivation
5 17 (2.43%) Cloud Native
6 16 (2.28%) Fixed Income
7 15 (2.14%) Data Structures
8 14 (2.00%) Client/Server
9 13 (1.85%) Public Cloud
10 11 (1.57%) Enterprise Software
10 11 (1.57%) Replication
11 7 (1.00%) N-Tier
12 6 (0.86%) Algorithms
12 6 (0.86%) Analytical Mindset
12 6 (0.86%) Greenfield Project
12 6 (0.86%) Mainframe
12 6 (0.86%) Mobile Banking
12 6 (0.86%) NHS
13 5 (0.71%) Marketing Technology
13 5 (0.71%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 61 (8.70%) Linux
2 58 (8.27%) Unix
3 41 (5.85%) Windows
4 21 (3.00%) Android
5 18 (2.57%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.14%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 424 (60.49%) Test Automation
2 411 (58.63%) Agile Software Development
3 354 (50.50%) BDD
4 248 (35.38%) TDD
5 210 (29.96%) Microservices
6 205 (29.24%) DevOps
7 181 (25.82%) Scrum
8 138 (19.69%) Continuous Integration
9 96 (13.69%) Software Engineering
10 94 (13.41%) Software Testing
11 84 (11.98%) Problem-Solving
12 72 (10.27%) API Testing
13 69 (9.84%) Test Strategy
14 61 (8.70%) Test Scripting
15 57 (8.13%) Acceptance Criteria
15 57 (8.13%) SDET
16 52 (7.42%) Integration Testing
17 51 (7.28%) Functional Testing
17 51 (7.28%) Mentoring
18 50 (7.13%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 452 (64.48%) Java
2 205 (29.24%) JavaScript
3 158 (22.54%) SQL
4 92 (13.12%) Python
5 81 (11.55%) Java 8
6 70 (9.99%) C#
7 60 (8.56%) TypeScript
8 30 (4.28%) Scala
9 26 (3.71%) ES6
10 25 (3.57%) Ruby
11 23 (3.28%) Shell Script
12 19 (2.71%) C++
13 17 (2.43%) C
14 12 (1.71%) Groovy
15 11 (1.57%) Go
15 11 (1.57%) Kotlin
15 11 (1.57%) PL/SQL
15 11 (1.57%) PowerShell
16 10 (1.43%) Bash Shell
17 8 (1.14%) R
Qualifications
1 104 (14.84%) Security Cleared
2 77 (10.98%) SC Cleared
3 40 (5.71%) ISTQB
4 34 (4.85%) ISEB
5 28 (3.99%) Degree
5 28 (3.99%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 15 (2.14%) DV Cleared
7 13 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
8 12 (1.71%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (0.43%) CCNA
9 3 (0.43%) CFA
9 3 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
9 3 (0.43%) Sun Certification
10 2 (0.29%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.14%) ISEB Practitioner
11 1 (0.14%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.14%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 180 (25.68%) QA
2 24 (3.42%) Accessibility
3 8 (1.14%) ISO 20022
4 6 (0.86%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.71%) GDPR
6 4 (0.57%) SEPA
7 3 (0.43%) PSD2
7 3 (0.43%) TARGET2
7 3 (0.43%) WCAG
8 2 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.29%) GRC
8 2 (0.29%) ISO 15022
8 2 (0.29%) MiFID
9 1 (0.14%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 180 (25.68%) Docker
2 7 (1.00%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.71%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 91 (12.98%) Kubernetes
2 35 (4.99%) Terraform
3 23 (3.28%) Ansible
4 16 (2.28%) HP Quality Center
4 16 (2.28%) Kibana
5 12 (1.71%) Puppet
6 10 (1.43%) HP ALM
7 7 (1.00%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (1.00%) Rancher
8 4 (0.57%) Grafana
9 3 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.29%) Nagios
10 2 (0.29%) Prometheus
10 2 (0.29%) ZABBIX
11 1 (0.14%) Istio
11 1 (0.14%) logstash
Vendors
1 67 (9.56%) Oracle
2 31 (4.42%) Atlassian
3 27 (3.85%) Microsoft
4 25 (3.57%) HP
5 19 (2.71%) Google
6 17 (2.43%) SAP
7 15 (2.14%) IBM
7 15 (2.14%) MuleSoft
7 15 (2.14%) Splunk
8 9 (1.28%) Adobe
8 9 (1.28%) Xamarin
9 8 (1.14%) Murex
9 8 (1.14%) Sybase
10 6 (0.86%) Cloudera
11 5 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
12 4 (0.57%) Databricks
12 4 (0.57%) Dell
12 4 (0.57%) hybris
12 4 (0.57%) OutSystems
12 4 (0.57%) Xerox