Period
to 11 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 237 215 165
Rank change year-on-year -22 -50 +9
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 546 730 1,669
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.04% 1.22% 1.73%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.02% 6.95% 8.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 393 522 1,118
10th Percentile £340 £335 £331
25th Percentile £400 £396 £395
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £460 £460 £463
Median % change year-on-year - -0.54% -0.54%
75th Percentile £538 £550 £538
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £424 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -5.83% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 1 1
10th Percentile £35.83 " "
25th Percentile £37.19 " £11.25
Median hourly rate £41.00 £58.00 £11.50
Median % change year-on-year -29.31% +404.35% -58.93%
75th Percentile £54.25 " £11.75
90th Percentile £58.30 " "
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £58.00 -
% change year-on-year -31.03% - -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 9,068 10,510 20,135
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.25% 17.62% 20.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,155 7,198 13,867
10th Percentile £328 £331 £327
25th Percentile £400 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £480 £490 £488
Median % change year-on-year -2.04% +0.51% +2.63%
75th Percentile £575 £575 £575
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £450
% change year-on-year -5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 180 165 264
10th Percentile £28.40 £18.25 £22.55
25th Percentile £40.00 £32.50 £36.73
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £44.18
Median % change year-on-year -5.26% +7.51% +3.95%
75th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £50.00
90th Percentile £61.25 £63.75 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £44.00 £44.50
% change year-on-year +2.27% -1.12% +4.71%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -47 383 £450 -5.26% 144
London -25 232 £491 -1.75% 84
UK excluding London -45 190 £424 -5.83% 73
Work from Home -87 183 £472 -2.18% 33
Scotland +15 51 £421 +17.83% 10
North of England +18 42 £440 -2.22% 14
South East -1 32 £450 -4.00% 20
Midlands -1 27 £360 -14.54% 10
West Midlands -7 20 £351 -17.41% 8
North East +14 18 £475 +5.56% 4
South West -4 17 £475 +1.33% 11
East of England +41 14 £393 -4.85% 5
North West +17 14 £440 -4.86% 7
Yorkshire +24 10 £388 +3.33% 3
East Midlands +21 7 £380 +1.33% 2
Wales +10 6 £400 -8.57% 2
Northern Ireland +11 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 376 (68.86%) Java
2 358 (65.57%) Test Automation
3 311 (56.96%) Agile Software Development
4 281 (51.47%) BDD
5 265 (48.53%) Selenium
6 221 (40.48%) Jenkins
7 172 (31.50%) JIRA
8 164 (30.04%) DevOps
9 157 (28.75%) QA
10 156 (28.57%) TDD
11 151 (27.66%) Git (software)
12 143 (26.19%) JavaScript
13 140 (25.64%) Microservices
14 136 (24.91%) REST
15 131 (23.99%) Spring
16 127 (23.26%) SQL
17 121 (22.16%) JUnit
18 119 (21.79%) Docker
19 113 (20.70%) Gherkin
20 112 (20.51%) Scrum
21 106 (19.41%) Maven
22 100 (18.32%) AWS
23 99 (18.13%) Continuous Integration
24 98 (17.95%) Finance
24 98 (17.95%) Banking
25 94 (17.22%) Python
26 87 (15.93%) Kubernetes
27 86 (15.75%) Security Cleared
28 81 (14.84%) Web Services
29 74 (13.55%) RESTful

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (13.37%) Confluence
2 22 (4.03%) Tomcat
2 22 (4.03%) WebSphere
3 21 (3.85%) JBoss
4 18 (3.30%) Elasticsearch
4 18 (3.30%) Mule
4 18 (3.30%) Red Hat Fuse
5 14 (2.56%) Jetty
6 11 (2.01%) SharePoint
6 11 (2.01%) WebLogic
7 9 (1.65%) Apache Spark
8 8 (1.47%) MQSeries
9 7 (1.28%) Apache
9 7 (1.28%) Cloud Foundry
10 4 (0.73%) Oracle Self-Service HR
11 3 (0.55%) Anypoint
11 3 (0.55%) nginx
12 2 (0.37%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 1 (0.18%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 11 (2.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.18%) Figma
2 1 (0.18%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 7 (1.28%) SAP HCM
2 5 (0.92%) Adobe Campaign
3 4 (0.73%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 3 (0.55%) Magento
4 3 (0.55%) SAP FI-CA
4 3 (0.55%) SAP PSCD
5 2 (0.37%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.37%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.37%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.37%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.37%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.18%) Exstream
6 1 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 100 (18.32%) AWS
2 73 (13.37%) Azure
3 47 (8.61%) GitHub
4 30 (5.49%) GCP
5 24 (4.40%) Serverless
6 22 (4.03%) OpenShift
7 16 (2.93%) IaaS
8 13 (2.38%) AWS Lambda
9 10 (1.83%) SaaS
10 9 (1.65%) Datadog
10 9 (1.65%) PaaS
11 8 (1.47%) Google Analytics
12 7 (1.28%) Amazon S3
12 7 (1.28%) SuccessFactors
12 7 (1.28%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 6 (1.10%) Amazon EC2
13 6 (1.10%) Amazon EKS
13 6 (1.10%) AWS CloudFormation
13 6 (1.10%) Slack
13 6 (1.10%) Tricentis Tosca
Communications & Networking
1 23 (4.21%) HTTP
2 14 (2.56%) TCP/IP
3 11 (2.01%) Kerberos
4 10 (1.83%) SSL
5 9 (1.65%) SMS
6 7 (1.28%) DNS
7 6 (1.10%) Unified Communications
8 5 (0.92%) DMARC
8 5 (0.92%) SMTP
9 4 (0.73%) SSH
10 2 (0.37%) Internet
10 2 (0.37%) LAN
10 2 (0.37%) SWIFTNet
10 2 (0.37%) VPN
11 1 (0.18%) FTP
11 1 (0.18%) HTTPS
11 1 (0.18%) PuTTY
11 1 (0.18%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (7.51%) MongoDB
2 40 (7.33%) SQL Server
3 31 (5.68%) NoSQL
4 29 (5.31%) PostgreSQL
5 22 (4.03%) Relational Database
6 18 (3.30%) MySQL
7 16 (2.93%) Big Data
8 14 (2.56%) DB2
9 12 (2.20%) Hadoop
10 9 (1.65%) Apache Hive
11 7 (1.28%) HBase
11 7 (1.28%) Impala
12 6 (1.10%) Oracle Database
13 5 (0.92%) BigQuery
13 5 (0.92%) CockroachDB
13 5 (0.92%) RDBMS
14 4 (0.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 4 (0.73%) Data Warehouse
14 4 (0.73%) Oracle Reports
14 4 (0.73%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 265 (48.53%) Selenium
2 221 (40.48%) Jenkins
3 172 (31.50%) JIRA
4 151 (27.66%) Git (software)
5 121 (22.16%) JUnit
6 106 (19.41%) Maven
7 72 (13.19%) Postman
8 60 (10.99%) REST Assured
9 57 (10.44%) JMeter
10 47 (8.61%) WebDriver
11 42 (7.69%) SoapUI
12 41 (7.51%) GitLab
13 36 (6.59%) SpecFlow
14 29 (5.31%) Cypress.io
14 29 (5.31%) Mockito
15 26 (4.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 26 (4.76%) IntelliJ
16 25 (4.58%) Gatling
17 22 (4.03%) Protractor
18 21 (3.85%) Subversion
General
1 98 (17.95%) Banking
1 98 (17.95%) Finance
2 50 (9.16%) Public Sector
3 17 (3.11%) Investment Banking
4 15 (2.75%) Retail
4 15 (2.75%) Retail Banking
5 10 (1.83%) Marketing
6 9 (1.65%) Telecoms
7 6 (1.10%) Financial Institution
8 4 (0.73%) Automotive
8 4 (0.73%) Front Office
8 4 (0.73%) Games
9 3 (0.55%) Legal
10 2 (0.37%) Back Office
10 2 (0.37%) Billing
10 2 (0.37%) General Ledger
11 1 (0.18%) Corporate Banking
11 1 (0.18%) Local Government
11 1 (0.18%) Multimedia
11 1 (0.18%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 168 (30.77%) Developer
2 103 (18.86%) Java Developer
2 103 (18.86%) Tester
3 74 (13.55%) Automation Tester
4 60 (10.99%) Test Engineer
5 56 (10.26%) Analyst
6 42 (7.69%) Test Automation Engineer
7 39 (7.14%) Test Analyst
8 35 (6.41%) QA Engineer
9 33 (6.04%) Senior Developer
10 29 (5.31%) QA Tester
11 28 (5.13%) Automation Engineer
12 27 (4.95%) Senior Java Developer
13 24 (4.40%) Full Stack Developer
13 24 (4.40%) Software Engineer
14 20 (3.66%) Java Engineer
15 19 (3.48%) QA Automation Engineer
16 17 (3.11%) Architect
16 17 (3.11%) Developer in Test
17 16 (2.93%) QA Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 136 (24.91%) REST
2 131 (23.99%) Spring
3 113 (20.70%) Gherkin
4 81 (14.84%) Web Services
5 74 (13.55%) RESTful
6 69 (12.64%) Node.js
7 66 (12.09%) XML
8 61 (11.17%) AngularJS
9 50 (9.16%) Hibernate
9 50 (9.16%) JSON
10 49 (8.97%) HTML
11 48 (8.79%) Spring Boot
12 45 (8.24%) SOAP
13 37 (6.78%) Kafka
14 34 (6.23%) React
15 31 (5.68%) .NET
16 30 (5.49%) HTML5
17 29 (5.31%) CSS
18 28 (5.13%) WireMock
19 22 (4.03%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 43 (7.88%) Analytical Skills
2 36 (6.59%) Mobile App
3 27 (4.95%) User Experience
4 19 (3.48%) Self-Motivation
5 17 (3.11%) Virtual Team
6 15 (2.75%) Fixed Income
7 13 (2.38%) Cloud Native
8 11 (2.01%) Data Structures
8 11 (2.01%) Derivative
8 11 (2.01%) Enterprise Software
9 6 (1.10%) Analytical Mindset
10 5 (0.92%) Marketing Technology
10 5 (0.92%) Public Cloud
11 4 (0.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 4 (0.73%) NHS
11 4 (0.73%) N-Tier
12 3 (0.55%) Algorithms
12 3 (0.55%) Greenfield Project
12 3 (0.55%) Mainframe
12 3 (0.55%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 67 (12.27%) Linux
2 53 (9.71%) Unix
3 31 (5.68%) Windows
4 19 (3.48%) Android
5 17 (3.11%) Apple iOS
6 7 (1.28%) Ubuntu
7 6 (1.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 5 (0.92%) CentOS
8 5 (0.92%) Mac OS X
9 4 (0.73%) Debian
10 1 (0.18%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.18%) Solaris
10 1 (0.18%) Tizen
10 1 (0.18%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 358 (65.57%) Test Automation
2 311 (56.96%) Agile Software Development
3 281 (51.47%) BDD
4 164 (30.04%) DevOps
5 156 (28.57%) TDD
6 140 (25.64%) Microservices
7 112 (20.51%) Scrum
8 99 (18.13%) Continuous Integration
9 72 (13.19%) Software Engineering
10 66 (12.09%) API Testing
11 60 (10.99%) Test Scripting
12 55 (10.07%) Software Testing
13 54 (9.89%) Continuous Delivery
14 51 (9.34%) Test Strategy
15 48 (8.79%) SDET
16 42 (7.69%) QA Automation
17 41 (7.51%) Unit Testing
18 40 (7.33%) Manual Testing
18 40 (7.33%) OO
18 40 (7.33%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 376 (68.86%) Java
2 143 (26.19%) JavaScript
3 127 (23.26%) SQL
4 94 (17.22%) Python
5 56 (10.26%) C#
6 48 (8.79%) Java 8
7 30 (5.49%) Scala
8 28 (5.13%) Ruby
9 25 (4.58%) TypeScript
10 22 (4.03%) Shell Script
11 21 (3.85%) Groovy
12 20 (3.66%) Go
13 19 (3.48%) PL/SQL
14 15 (2.75%) Bash Shell
15 14 (2.56%) Perl
16 13 (2.38%) C
17 12 (2.20%) ES6
17 12 (2.20%) T-SQL
18 10 (1.83%) C++
19 9 (1.65%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 86 (15.75%) Security Cleared
2 64 (11.72%) SC Cleared
3 23 (4.21%) ISEB
4 22 (4.03%) Degree
4 22 (4.03%) ISTQB
5 16 (2.93%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 13 (2.38%) BPSS Clearance
6 13 (2.38%) Computer Science Degree
6 13 (2.38%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.37%) AWS Certification
7 2 (0.37%) CCNA
7 2 (0.37%) CFA
7 2 (0.37%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.18%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.18%) ISEB Practitioner
8 1 (0.18%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 157 (28.75%) QA
2 6 (1.10%) Data Quality
2 6 (1.10%) WCAG
3 5 (0.92%) GDPR
4 4 (0.73%) ISO 20022
5 2 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.37%) ISO 15022
5 2 (0.37%) MiFID
5 2 (0.37%) TARGET2
6 1 (0.18%) GRC
6 1 (0.18%) PSD2
6 1 (0.18%) SEPA
System Software
1 119 (21.79%) Docker
2 8 (1.47%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.92%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 87 (15.93%) Kubernetes
2 40 (7.33%) Terraform
3 22 (4.03%) Ansible
3 22 (4.03%) Kibana
4 21 (3.85%) Puppet
5 14 (2.56%) HP ALM
5 14 (2.56%) HP Quality Center
6 13 (2.38%) Grafana
7 7 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
8 6 (1.10%) Rancher
9 4 (0.73%) Prometheus
9 4 (0.73%) Salt
10 3 (0.55%) logstash
11 2 (0.37%) Nagios
11 2 (0.37%) ZABBIX
12 1 (0.18%) Giant Swarm
12 1 (0.18%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 60 (10.99%) Oracle
2 28 (5.13%) Google
3 25 (4.58%) HP
3 25 (4.58%) Microsoft
4 21 (3.85%) Atlassian
5 19 (3.48%) MuleSoft
6 18 (3.30%) Sybase
7 15 (2.75%) SAP
8 12 (2.20%) IBM
9 11 (2.01%) Cloudera
10 10 (1.83%) Adobe
10 10 (1.83%) Databricks
10 10 (1.83%) Murex
10 10 (1.83%) Red Hat
11 9 (1.65%) Splunk
12 8 (1.47%) Axway
12 8 (1.47%) Sparx
13 4 (0.73%) Dell
13 4 (0.73%) Hortonworks
14 3 (0.55%) webMethods