Period
to 18 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 18 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 231 208 140
Rank change year-on-year -23 -68 +33
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 456 916 1,920
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.11% 1.27% 1.93%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.40% 7.43% 8.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 457 656 1,325
Median daily rate £468 £470 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.53% - +4.44%
10th Percentile £349 £332 £340
90th Percentile £614 £610 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 0
Median hourly rate £58.00 £48.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.59% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £58.00 £24.00 -
% change year-on-year +141.67% - -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7,129 12,324 21,359
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.39% 17.05% 21.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,886 8,367 14,796
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £320 £325 £325
90th Percentile £638 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £436 £450 £436
% change year-on-year -3.22% +3.21% +5.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 158 158 233
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.27% +3.53%
10th Percentile £30.00 £16.20 £31.32
90th Percentile £60.30 £68.83 £55.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £44.00
% change year-on-year +5.88% -3.41% +3.53%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -30 355 £450 -5.26% 119
London -5 190 £475 -5.00% 55
UK excluding London -18 186 £450 +2.27% 70
Work from Home -72 134 £475 -13.64% 27
North of England +40 50 £450 +13.21% 21
Midlands +39 40 £382 -10.12% 8
South East +23 37 £450 -12.20% 14
West Midlands +37 32 £360 -16.81% 3
Scotland +39 28 £415 +12.16% 3
North West +63 20 £450 +5.88% 4
East of England +71 19 £435 +5.45% 7
North East +12 19 £450 +12.50% 5
Yorkshire +19 11 £475 +26.67% 12
South West -7 11 £475 -2.56% 12
East Midlands +31 8 £468 +16.88% 5
Northern Ireland +9 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 18 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 326 (71.49%) Java
2 321 (70.39%) Test Automation
3 274 (60.09%) Agile Software Development
4 258 (56.58%) Selenium
5 246 (53.95%) BDD
6 199 (43.64%) Jenkins
7 156 (34.21%) JIRA
8 148 (32.46%) TDD
9 146 (32.02%) SQL
10 141 (30.92%) DevOps
11 140 (30.70%) Microservices
12 137 (30.04%) Git (software)
13 105 (23.03%) REST
14 102 (22.37%) Gherkin
15 100 (21.93%) JavaScript
16 98 (21.49%) QA
17 97 (21.27%) Continuous Integration
18 94 (20.61%) Spring
19 91 (19.96%) XML
20 90 (19.74%) AWS
21 88 (19.30%) JUnit
21 88 (19.30%) Docker
22 85 (18.64%) Maven
23 84 (18.42%) Security Cleared
24 81 (17.76%) Linux
25 80 (17.54%) Oracle
25 80 (17.54%) Scrum
25 80 (17.54%) Kubernetes
26 78 (17.11%) API Testing
27 77 (16.89%) Public Sector

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (16.23%) Confluence
2 32 (7.02%) WebLogic
3 31 (6.80%) JBoss
4 28 (6.14%) Elasticsearch
4 28 (6.14%) Mule
5 26 (5.70%) Red Hat Fuse
6 14 (3.07%) WebSphere
7 13 (2.85%) Tomcat
8 12 (2.63%) Apache Spark
8 12 (2.63%) MQSeries
9 9 (1.97%) Jetty
10 8 (1.75%) Oracle Self-Service HR
11 6 (1.32%) Apache
11 6 (1.32%) SharePoint
12 3 (0.66%) nginx
12 3 (0.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 2 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
13 2 (0.44%) CMS
13 2 (0.44%) Documentum
13 2 (0.44%) IIS
Applications
1 18 (3.95%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 10 (2.19%) SAP FI-CA
2 9 (1.97%) ION MarketView
3 8 (1.75%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 4 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.66%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.66%) SAP PSCD
6 2 (0.44%) Magento
6 2 (0.44%) Oracle Cash Management
6 2 (0.44%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.44%) Oracle General Ledger
6 2 (0.44%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.44%) Oracle Receivables
6 2 (0.44%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.44%) SAP HCM
7 1 (0.22%) Exstream
7 1 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 90 (19.74%) AWS
2 61 (13.38%) Azure
3 26 (5.70%) GitHub
4 19 (4.17%) OpenShift
5 17 (3.73%) GCP
6 16 (3.51%) BrowserStack
7 11 (2.41%) Google Analytics
7 11 (2.41%) Slack
8 10 (2.19%) Tricentis Tosca
9 8 (1.75%) SaaS
10 7 (1.54%) Amazon EC2
10 7 (1.54%) Serverless
11 5 (1.10%) IaaS
11 5 (1.10%) Office 365
11 5 (1.10%) Power Platform
12 4 (0.88%) AWS Lambda
12 4 (0.88%) PaaS
12 4 (0.88%) Sauce Labs
13 3 (0.66%) Apigee
13 3 (0.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 23 (5.04%) HTTP
2 15 (3.29%) TCP/IP
3 14 (3.07%) SSL
4 9 (1.97%) Kerberos
4 9 (1.97%) SSH
5 6 (1.32%) Internet
6 5 (1.10%) DSL
7 3 (0.66%) SMS
8 2 (0.44%) FTP
8 2 (0.44%) LAN
9 1 (0.22%) PuTTY
9 1 (0.22%) WinSCP
9 1 (0.22%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (10.53%) MongoDB
2 44 (9.65%) SQL Server
3 39 (8.55%) MySQL
4 29 (6.36%) Relational Database
5 28 (6.14%) NoSQL
6 23 (5.04%) Hadoop
7 22 (4.82%) PostgreSQL
8 19 (4.17%) Oracle Database
9 14 (3.07%) DB2
10 13 (2.85%) Apache Hive
11 8 (1.75%) BigQuery
12 6 (1.32%) Apache Cassandra
12 6 (1.32%) Oracle Reports
13 5 (1.10%) Power BI
14 4 (0.88%) Big Data
14 4 (0.88%) HBase
14 4 (0.88%) Impala
14 4 (0.88%) ZAP BI
15 3 (0.66%) Data Warehouse
15 3 (0.66%) Redis
Development Applications
1 258 (56.58%) Selenium
2 199 (43.64%) Jenkins
3 156 (34.21%) JIRA
4 137 (30.04%) Git (software)
5 88 (19.30%) JUnit
6 85 (18.64%) Maven
7 75 (16.45%) JMeter
8 71 (15.57%) Postman
9 65 (14.25%) REST Assured
10 51 (11.18%) SoapUI
11 38 (8.33%) GitLab
11 38 (8.33%) SpecFlow
12 37 (8.11%) WebDriver
13 35 (7.68%) Gatling
14 33 (7.24%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 31 (6.80%) Subversion
16 28 (6.14%) Hudson
17 24 (5.26%) Cypress.io
17 24 (5.26%) FishEye
18 20 (4.39%) Toad
General
1 77 (16.89%) Public Sector
2 73 (16.01%) Banking
3 69 (15.13%) Finance
4 28 (6.14%) Investment Banking
5 20 (4.39%) Retail Banking
6 10 (2.19%) Financial Institution
7 9 (1.97%) Retail
8 6 (1.32%) Automotive
9 4 (0.88%) Corporate Banking
9 4 (0.88%) Marketing
10 3 (0.66%) Games
10 3 (0.66%) Telecoms
11 2 (0.44%) Billing
11 2 (0.44%) General Ledger
11 2 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.22%) Electronics
12 1 (0.22%) Front Office
12 1 (0.22%) Legal
12 1 (0.22%) Local Government
12 1 (0.22%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 113 (24.78%) Developer
2 105 (23.03%) Tester
3 68 (14.91%) Java Developer
4 67 (14.69%) Automation Tester
5 59 (12.94%) Test Engineer
6 42 (9.21%) Test Automation Engineer
7 37 (8.11%) Analyst
8 33 (7.24%) Test Analyst
9 26 (5.70%) QA Tester
10 25 (5.48%) Architect
11 24 (5.26%) Senior Developer
12 22 (4.82%) QA Engineer
13 21 (4.61%) Java Engineer
14 20 (4.39%) Software Engineer
15 19 (4.17%) Automation Engineer
16 17 (3.73%) Senior Java Developer
16 17 (3.73%) Solutions Architect
17 14 (3.07%) Integration Developer
17 14 (3.07%) Java Middleware Developer
17 14 (3.07%) Middleware Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 105 (23.03%) REST
2 102 (22.37%) Gherkin
3 94 (20.61%) Spring
4 91 (19.96%) XML
5 66 (14.47%) Web Services
6 65 (14.25%) JSON
7 61 (13.38%) SOAP
8 46 (10.09%) AngularJS
8 46 (10.09%) Node.js
9 40 (8.77%) RESTful
10 39 (8.55%) HTML
11 34 (7.46%) Kafka
11 34 (7.46%) Spring Boot
12 33 (7.24%) CSS
13 29 (6.36%) Hibernate
13 29 (6.36%) RabbitMQ
14 26 (5.70%) .NET
14 26 (5.70%) Apache Camel
15 24 (5.26%) HTML5
15 24 (5.26%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 26 (5.70%) Analytical Skills
2 23 (5.04%) Fixed Income
3 20 (4.39%) Mobile App
3 20 (4.39%) User Experience
4 17 (3.73%) Derivative
5 16 (3.51%) Public Cloud
6 9 (1.97%) Virtual Team
7 5 (1.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 4 (0.88%) Algorithms
8 4 (0.88%) Cloud Native
8 4 (0.88%) Enterprise Software
8 4 (0.88%) Greenfield Project
8 4 (0.88%) Mobile Banking
8 4 (0.88%) NHS
8 4 (0.88%) SWIFT
9 3 (0.66%) Analytical Mindset
9 3 (0.66%) Equities
9 3 (0.66%) Online Banking
10 2 (0.44%) Management Information System
10 2 (0.44%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 81 (17.76%) Linux
2 62 (13.60%) Unix
3 46 (10.09%) Windows
4 20 (4.39%) Android
5 18 (3.95%) Apple iOS
6 12 (2.63%) CentOS
7 11 (2.41%) Ubuntu
8 10 (2.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 9 (1.97%) Mac OS X
10 8 (1.75%) Debian
11 3 (0.66%) Fedora
12 1 (0.22%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.22%) Solaris
12 1 (0.22%) Tizen
12 1 (0.22%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 321 (70.39%) Test Automation
2 274 (60.09%) Agile Software Development
3 246 (53.95%) BDD
4 148 (32.46%) TDD
5 141 (30.92%) DevOps
6 140 (30.70%) Microservices
7 97 (21.27%) Continuous Integration
8 80 (17.54%) Scrum
9 78 (17.11%) API Testing
10 77 (16.89%) Test Scripting
11 64 (14.04%) Continuous Delivery
12 52 (11.40%) User Stories
13 50 (10.96%) Integration Testing
14 48 (10.53%) Test Strategy
15 46 (10.09%) Performance Testing
16 45 (9.87%) Acceptance Criteria
17 44 (9.65%) Open Source
17 44 (9.65%) SDLC
18 42 (9.21%) Scenario Testing
19 38 (8.33%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 326 (71.49%) Java
2 146 (32.02%) SQL
3 100 (21.93%) JavaScript
4 76 (16.67%) Python
5 42 (9.21%) C#
6 32 (7.02%) Ruby
7 30 (6.58%) Java 8
7 30 (6.58%) PL/SQL
7 30 (6.58%) Scala
8 25 (5.48%) Groovy
9 23 (5.04%) Perl
10 18 (3.95%) Shell Script
10 18 (3.95%) T-SQL
11 17 (3.73%) Go
12 16 (3.51%) Bash Shell
13 13 (2.85%) Kotlin
14 12 (2.63%) C++
14 12 (2.63%) TypeScript
15 8 (1.75%) Clojure
15 8 (1.75%) ClojureScript
Qualifications
1 84 (18.42%) Security Cleared
2 59 (12.94%) SC Cleared
3 42 (9.21%) ISTQB
4 41 (8.99%) ISEB
5 32 (7.02%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 13 (2.85%) BPSS Clearance
7 8 (1.75%) TOGAF Certification
8 7 (1.54%) DV Cleared
9 5 (1.10%) Degree
10 4 (0.88%) Computer Science Degree
10 4 (0.88%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.44%) ISEB Practitioner
12 1 (0.22%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 1 (0.22%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 98 (21.49%) QA
2 9 (1.97%) WCAG
3 6 (1.32%) TARGET2
4 5 (1.10%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.66%) PSD2
6 2 (0.44%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.44%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.44%) SEPA
System Software
1 88 (19.30%) Docker
2 11 (2.41%) HDFS
3 5 (1.10%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 80 (17.54%) Kubernetes
2 38 (8.33%) Terraform
3 21 (4.61%) Ansible
4 19 (4.17%) Kibana
4 19 (4.17%) Puppet
5 16 (3.51%) HP ALM
6 15 (3.29%) Grafana
7 12 (2.63%) HP Quality Center
8 8 (1.75%) Salt
9 6 (1.32%) Rancher
10 5 (1.10%) Rundeck
11 4 (0.88%) Opscode Chef
12 3 (0.66%) Prometheus
13 2 (0.44%) Giant Swarm
13 2 (0.44%) logstash
13 2 (0.44%) Sysdig
14 1 (0.22%) HP Fortify
14 1 (0.22%) Istio
14 1 (0.22%) Nessus
Vendors
1 80 (17.54%) Oracle
2 27 (5.92%) Sybase
3 26 (5.70%) Google
4 25 (5.48%) Microsoft
5 19 (4.17%) HP
5 19 (4.17%) SAP
6 18 (3.95%) MuleSoft
7 17 (3.73%) Red Hat
8 16 (3.51%) Atlassian
9 15 (3.29%) IBM
10 14 (3.07%) Murex
11 12 (2.63%) Axway
11 12 (2.63%) Cloudera
11 12 (2.63%) Sparx
11 12 (2.63%) Splunk
12 11 (2.41%) webMethods
13 9 (1.97%) ION Trading
14 8 (1.75%) Hortonworks
15 7 (1.54%) Databricks
16 4 (0.88%) Adobe