Period
to 23 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 23 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
23 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 183 164 186
Rank change year-on-year -19 +22 +39
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 1,370 1,716 1,365
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.49% 1.66% 1.43%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.68% 8.27% 8.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 908 1,212 939
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% -
10th Percentile £339 £325 £300
90th Percentile £588 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £419 £390
% change year-on-year +1.49% +7.37% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 5 1
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £28.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.00% +40.00% -53.37%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £25.25 £20.00
% change year-on-year +38.61% +26.25% -53.37%

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 17,834 20,758 16,781
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.37% 20.10% 17.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,691 14,280 11,443
UK median daily rate £475 £468 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.60% +6.86% +2.94%
10th Percentile £331 £319 £306
90th Percentile £638 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 302 235 329
UK median hourly rate £43.25 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.76% - -
10th Percentile £26.34 £26.50 £28.75
90th Percentile £55.00 £58.75 £57.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.18% - -

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 23 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 23 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 23 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -21 1,249 £450 -2.70% 234
UK excluding London +3 744 £425 +1.49% 161
London -23 608 £475 -1.04% 92
North of England +13 194 £420 -2.33% 49
South East -5 185 £450 +5.88% 34
South West +3 125 £450 +5.88% 29
Midlands -11 93 £425 +3.03% 17
Scotland +7 82 £425 +6.25% 11
North West +22 69 £425 -2.86% 26
Yorkshire -20 69 £495 +16.47% 21
West Midlands -1 61 £438 +2.94% 11
North East +51 56 £325 -31.58% 2
East of England +12 46 £413 -10.33% 13
East Midlands -11 31 £350 -7.89% 6
Wales -24 19 £425 +28.79% 7
Northern Ireland -5 2 - - 1

For the 6 months to 23 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 934 (68.18%) Test Automation
2 897 (65.47%) Agile Software Development
3 892 (65.11%) Selenium
4 866 (63.21%) Java
5 584 (42.63%) Jenkins
6 539 (39.34%) BDD
7 405 (29.56%) JIRA
8 395 (28.83%) JavaScript
9 379 (27.66%) Git (software)
10 374 (27.30%) Scrum
11 372 (27.15%) TDD
12 299 (21.82%) SQL
13 296 (21.61%) QA
14 283 (20.66%) DevOps
15 280 (20.44%) Docker
16 278 (20.29%) Continuous Integration
17 260 (18.98%) Maven
18 257 (18.76%) WebDriver
19 255 (18.61%) Gherkin
20 222 (16.20%) Confluence
21 218 (15.91%) Spring
22 208 (15.18%) Web Services
23 203 (14.82%) REST
24 200 (14.60%) AngularJS
25 191 (13.94%) Microservices
26 189 (13.80%) HTML
27 185 (13.50%) Python
28 170 (12.41%) RESTful
29 169 (12.34%) Microsoft Azure
30 167 (12.19%) MongoDB

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 222 (16.20%) Confluence
2 85 (6.20%) Elasticsearch
3 37 (2.70%) Apache
4 34 (2.48%) Tomcat
5 32 (2.34%) JBoss
6 30 (2.19%) WebSphere
7 28 (2.04%) WebLogic
8 18 (1.31%) Apache Solr
8 18 (1.31%) Apache Spark
8 18 (1.31%) SharePoint
9 15 (1.09%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 15 (1.09%) CMS
10 13 (0.95%) Documentum
11 12 (0.88%) Mule
11 12 (0.88%) nginx
12 11 (0.80%) Cloud Foundry
12 11 (0.80%) Jetty
13 7 (0.51%) Apache ServiceMix
13 7 (0.51%) Liferay
14 5 (0.36%) CoreMedia CMS
Applications
1 18 (1.31%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 9 (0.66%) Magento
2 6 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.44%) SAP Hybris
3 5 (0.36%) Fredhopper
4 4 (0.29%) SAP FI-CA
4 4 (0.29%) SAP PSCD
5 1 (0.073%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.073%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.073%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.073%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 169 (12.34%) Microsoft Azure
2 162 (11.82%) Amazon AWS
3 129 (9.42%) GitHub
4 47 (3.43%) BrowserStack
5 40 (2.92%) npm
6 37 (2.70%) Sauce Labs
7 34 (2.48%) Google Cloud Platform
8 30 (2.19%) Serverless
9 27 (1.97%) Amazon EC2
9 27 (1.97%) Amazon S3
10 23 (1.68%) AWS Lambda
11 21 (1.53%) Amazon ECS
11 21 (1.53%) OpenShift
12 16 (1.17%) Amazon SQS
13 14 (1.02%) Cloud Computing
14 12 (0.88%) IaaS
15 10 (0.73%) PaaS
16 9 (0.66%) Amazon EMR
16 9 (0.66%) Slack
17 8 (0.58%) Lucidchart
Communications & Networking
1 61 (4.45%) HTTP
2 10 (0.73%) Kerberos
2 10 (0.73%) TCP/IP
3 9 (0.66%) Internet
3 9 (0.66%) SSL
4 6 (0.44%) SSH
5 4 (0.29%) DSL
5 4 (0.29%) FTP
6 3 (0.22%) ATM
7 2 (0.15%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.15%) MQTT
8 1 (0.073%) Firewall
8 1 (0.073%) NGN
8 1 (0.073%) PBX
8 1 (0.073%) Skype
8 1 (0.073%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 167 (12.19%) MongoDB
2 88 (6.42%) SQL Server
3 77 (5.62%) MySQL
4 68 (4.96%) Relational Database
5 65 (4.74%) PostgreSQL
6 46 (3.36%) Neo4j
7 42 (3.07%) NoSQL
8 35 (2.55%) Hadoop
9 32 (2.34%) Big Data
10 26 (1.90%) Data Warehouse
11 16 (1.17%) DB2
11 16 (1.17%) Redis
12 15 (1.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 14 (1.02%) RDBMS
14 13 (0.95%) Data Lake
15 11 (0.80%) Apache Cassandra
15 11 (0.80%) Azure SQL Database
16 10 (0.73%) Blockchain
16 10 (0.73%) Cosmos DB
16 10 (0.73%) HBase
Development Applications
1 892 (65.11%) Selenium
2 584 (42.63%) Jenkins
3 405 (29.56%) JIRA
4 379 (27.66%) Git (software)
5 260 (18.98%) Maven
6 257 (18.76%) WebDriver
7 164 (11.97%) JUnit
8 163 (11.90%) JMeter
9 121 (8.83%) SoapUI
10 119 (8.69%) Mockito
11 100 (7.30%) Protractor
12 93 (6.79%) Jasmine
13 92 (6.72%) SpecFlow
14 85 (6.20%) Subversion
15 76 (5.55%) TeamCity
16 66 (4.82%) Gatling
17 61 (4.45%) Karma Test Runner
18 60 (4.38%) Appium
19 52 (3.80%) Gradle
20 50 (3.65%) GitLab
General
1 159 (11.61%) Finance
2 106 (7.74%) Banking
3 43 (3.14%) Retail
4 24 (1.75%) Front Office
5 20 (1.46%) Games
6 18 (1.31%) Investment Banking
7 17 (1.24%) Telecoms
8 16 (1.17%) Marketing
9 15 (1.09%) Pharmaceutical
10 12 (0.88%) Manufacturing
11 11 (0.80%) Law
12 8 (0.58%) Financial Institution
13 7 (0.51%) Advertising
14 5 (0.36%) Electronics
15 4 (0.29%) Back Office
15 4 (0.29%) Retail Banking
16 3 (0.22%) Automotive
16 3 (0.22%) Legal
16 3 (0.22%) Publishing
17 1 (0.073%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 450 (32.85%) Developer
2 255 (18.61%) Tester
3 206 (15.04%) Automation Tester
3 206 (15.04%) Java Developer
4 191 (13.94%) Analyst
5 182 (13.28%) Test Engineer
6 169 (12.34%) Test Analyst
7 108 (7.88%) Test Automation Engineer
8 91 (6.64%) Senior Developer
9 83 (6.06%) QA Engineer
10 72 (5.26%) Developer in Test
11 71 (5.18%) Senior Java Developer
12 70 (5.11%) Automation Test Analyst
13 65 (4.74%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 54 (3.94%) Java Automation Tester
15 49 (3.58%) Selenium Tester
16 47 (3.43%) Software Engineer
17 45 (3.28%) Java Engineer
18 44 (3.21%) Selenium Automation Tester
18 44 (3.21%) Test Automation Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 255 (18.61%) Gherkin
2 218 (15.91%) Spring
3 208 (15.18%) Web Services
4 203 (14.82%) REST
5 200 (14.60%) AngularJS
6 189 (13.80%) HTML
7 170 (12.41%) RESTful
8 162 (11.82%) CSS
9 134 (9.78%) Node.js
10 111 (8.10%) SOAP
11 101 (7.37%) Spring Boot
12 95 (6.93%) JSON
13 93 (6.79%) XML
14 86 (6.28%) React
15 84 (6.13%) Hibernate
16 75 (5.47%) .NET
16 75 (5.47%) HTML5
17 49 (3.58%) CSS3
18 48 (3.50%) Sass
19 47 (3.43%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 81 (5.91%) User Experience
2 76 (5.55%) Analytical Skills
3 40 (2.92%) Greenfield Project
4 32 (2.34%) Mobile App
5 28 (2.04%) NHS
6 20 (1.46%) Enterprise Software
6 20 (1.46%) Self-Motivation
7 13 (0.95%) Derivative
8 10 (0.73%) Algorithms
8 10 (0.73%) Linux Command Line
8 10 (0.73%) Virtual Team
9 9 (0.66%) Data Structures
10 7 (0.51%) Cloud Native
10 7 (0.51%) Data Protection Act
10 7 (0.51%) Online Games
11 6 (0.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 6 (0.44%) Life Science
12 5 (0.36%) Digital Media
12 5 (0.36%) Mobile Banking
13 4 (0.29%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 128 (9.34%) Linux
2 125 (9.12%) Unix
3 59 (4.31%) Windows
4 42 (3.07%) Android
5 41 (2.99%) Apple iOS
6 35 (2.55%) Mac OS X
7 22 (1.61%) Ubuntu
8 21 (1.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 12 (0.88%) Mac OS
10 5 (0.36%) CentOS
11 4 (0.29%) Debian
12 1 (0.073%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.073%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 934 (68.18%) Test Automation
2 897 (65.47%) Agile Software Development
3 539 (39.34%) BDD
4 374 (27.30%) Scrum
5 372 (27.15%) TDD
6 283 (20.66%) DevOps
7 278 (20.29%) Continuous Integration
8 191 (13.94%) Microservices
9 158 (11.53%) Test Scripting
10 153 (11.17%) Test Strategy
11 135 (9.85%) API Testing
12 125 (9.12%) SDET
13 124 (9.05%) Kanban
14 110 (8.03%) Manual Testing
15 102 (7.45%) Regression Testing
16 98 (7.15%) Front End Development
17 96 (7.01%) Open Source
18 93 (6.79%) Software Engineering
19 84 (6.13%) E-Commerce
20 82 (5.99%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 866 (63.21%) Java
2 395 (28.83%) JavaScript
3 299 (21.82%) SQL
4 185 (13.50%) Python
5 151 (11.02%) Java 8
6 142 (10.36%) C#
7 79 (5.77%) Ruby
8 69 (5.04%) Scala
9 63 (4.60%) ES6
10 57 (4.16%) Groovy
11 56 (4.09%) TypeScript
12 38 (2.77%) PL/SQL
13 31 (2.26%) C++
14 27 (1.97%) Perl
15 26 (1.90%) C
15 26 (1.90%) Shell Script
16 25 (1.82%) Bash Shell
17 16 (1.17%) PowerShell
18 15 (1.09%) Kotlin
19 11 (0.80%) PHP
Qualifications
1 153 (11.17%) Security Cleared
2 112 (8.18%) ISTQB
3 93 (6.79%) SC Cleared
4 91 (6.64%) ISEB
5 61 (4.45%) Degree
6 44 (3.21%) DV Cleared
7 43 (3.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 36 (2.63%) Computer Science Degree
9 19 (1.39%) BPSS Clearance
10 7 (0.51%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 6 (0.44%) DBS Check
12 5 (0.36%) CTC Cleared
13 3 (0.22%) BC Cleared
14 2 (0.15%) ISEB Practitioner
14 2 (0.15%) Master's Degree
15 1 (0.073%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 296 (21.61%) QA
2 7 (0.51%) WCAG
3 6 (0.44%) GDPR
4 5 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.29%) HL7
5 4 (0.29%) SEPA
6 3 (0.22%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.22%) Dodd-Frank
6 3 (0.22%) EMIR
6 3 (0.22%) MiFID
7 2 (0.15%) PMBOK
7 2 (0.15%) PSD2
8 1 (0.073%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.073%) Section 508
System Software
1 280 (20.44%) Docker
2 6 (0.44%) Active Directory
2 6 (0.44%) HDFS
2 6 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
3 3 (0.22%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
4 1 (0.073%) Postfix
4 1 (0.073%) vCloud
4 1 (0.073%) Virtual Servers
4 1 (0.073%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 110 (8.03%) Kubernetes
2 103 (7.52%) Ansible
3 54 (3.94%) Puppet
4 34 (2.48%) HP Quality Center
5 28 (2.04%) Terraform
6 27 (1.97%) Kibana
7 24 (1.75%) Opscode Chef
8 12 (0.88%) Grafana
9 8 (0.58%) Rundeck
10 7 (0.51%) CA Service Virtualization
10 7 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
10 7 (0.51%) Marathon
10 7 (0.51%) Mesos
11 6 (0.44%) Control-M
11 6 (0.44%) logstash
12 5 (0.36%) Salt
13 4 (0.29%) HP ALM
13 4 (0.29%) Nagios
13 4 (0.29%) Nessus
14 3 (0.22%) SCCM
Vendors
1 119 (8.69%) Oracle
2 66 (4.82%) Microsoft
3 51 (3.72%) Atlassian
4 39 (2.85%) Cypress Semiconductor
5 38 (2.77%) IBM
6 36 (2.63%) Splunk
7 30 (2.19%) Google
8 24 (1.75%) hybris
8 24 (1.75%) MuleSoft
9 22 (1.61%) HP
9 22 (1.61%) SAP
10 19 (1.39%) Adobe
11 15 (1.09%) Salesforce.com
12 13 (0.95%) Netezza
13 12 (0.88%) Elastic Path
13 12 (0.88%) Pega
14 11 (0.80%) webMethods
15 10 (0.73%) Perfecto Mobile
15 10 (0.73%) Red Hat
16 9 (0.66%) Talend