Period
to 16 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 16 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 144 183 183
Rank change year-on-year +39 0 +51
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 1,945 1,418 1,574
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.89% 1.43% 1.49%
As % of the Development Applications category 9.04% 7.81% 9.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,333 995 1,095
UK median daily rate £460 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.14% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £321 £310
90th Percentile £588 £580 £545
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £406 £400
% change year-on-year +4.62% +1.56% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 2
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £34.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% -41.18% -
10th Percentile £21.15 £19.00 £31.50
90th Percentile £34.85 £21.00 £35.70
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £34.00
% change year-on-year +12.50% -41.18% -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 21,522 18,157 17,288
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.87% 18.30% 16.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,728 12,558 11,721
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £624 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £403 £400
% change year-on-year +5.59% +0.63% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 223 295 252
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +5.13%
10th Percentile £26.30 £30.45 £24.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £61.41 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +4.46%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 16 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 16 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +45 1,740 £474 +5.28% 348
UK excluding London +50 973 £425 +4.62% 237
London +19 945 £500 +5.26% 136
South East +79 239 £450 - 43
North of England -19 205 £430 +4.24% 74
Midlands +86 193 £406 +1.56% 47
West Midlands +77 131 £425 -5.56% 27
South West +17 115 £440 +10.00% 33
Yorkshire -21 103 £450 +5.88% 29
Scotland -8 91 £380 +1.33% 19
North West +3 82 £413 - 34
Wales +27 68 £360 -15.29% 3
East Midlands +22 62 £400 +4.92% 20
East of England -6 43 £425 +6.25% 15
North East -4 21 £448 +27.86% 11
Northern Ireland +37 20 £413 -0.60% 3

For the 6 months to 16 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 1,415 (72.75%) Test Automation
2 1,354 (69.61%) Agile Software Development
3 1,316 (67.66%) Java
4 1,267 (65.14%) Selenium
5 884 (45.45%) BDD
6 736 (37.84%) Jenkins
7 624 (32.08%) Git (software)
8 605 (31.11%) TDD
9 556 (28.59%) JavaScript
10 511 (26.27%) JIRA
11 500 (25.71%) Continuous Integration
12 486 (24.99%) Scrum
13 479 (24.63%) QA
14 458 (23.55%) SQL
15 444 (22.83%) Docker
16 441 (22.67%) Gherkin
17 407 (20.93%) DevOps
18 387 (19.90%) WebDriver
19 352 (18.10%) Microservices
20 349 (17.94%) Linux
21 315 (16.20%) Node.js
22 312 (16.04%) JUnit
23 301 (15.48%) Spring
23 301 (15.48%) API Testing
24 297 (15.27%) C#
25 293 (15.06%) REST
26 286 (14.70%) Confluence
27 282 (14.50%) Maven
28 275 (14.14%) Finance
29 269 (13.83%) Amazon AWS

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 286 (14.70%) Confluence
2 85 (4.37%) Tomcat
3 73 (3.75%) Apache
4 59 (3.03%) WebLogic
5 55 (2.83%) JBoss
6 51 (2.62%) nginx
7 45 (2.31%) Elasticsearch
8 43 (2.21%) Cloud Foundry
9 38 (1.95%) WebSphere
10 35 (1.80%) Apache Spark
11 28 (1.44%) CMS
12 23 (1.18%) Jetty
13 17 (0.87%) Apache Solr
14 16 (0.82%) SharePoint
15 14 (0.72%) Documentum
16 13 (0.67%) IIS
17 6 (0.31%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 6 (0.31%) GemFire
17 6 (0.31%) Mule
17 6 (0.31%) SAS
Applications
1 20 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
2 2 (0.10%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.051%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.051%) HipChat
3 1 (0.051%) InVision
3 1 (0.051%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 11 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.26%) Oracle Cash Management
2 5 (0.26%) SAP FI-CA
2 5 (0.26%) SAP PSCD
3 4 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
4 3 (0.15%) Markit EDM
4 3 (0.15%) Sentinel
5 2 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.051%) Exstream
6 1 (0.051%) LatentZero
6 1 (0.051%) Magento
6 1 (0.051%) Minerva
6 1 (0.051%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.051%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 1 (0.051%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 269 (13.83%) Amazon AWS
2 170 (8.74%) Microsoft Azure
3 157 (8.07%) GitHub
4 100 (5.14%) BrowserStack
5 65 (3.34%) Google Analytics
6 58 (2.98%) Sauce Labs
7 50 (2.57%) Slack
8 40 (2.06%) npm
9 36 (1.85%) OpenShift
10 29 (1.49%) PaaS
11 26 (1.34%) SaaS
12 19 (0.98%) Google Cloud Platform
13 18 (0.93%) IaaS
14 15 (0.77%) AWS Lambda
15 14 (0.72%) Serverless
16 13 (0.67%) Datadog
17 10 (0.51%) Tricentis Tosca
18 9 (0.46%) Akamai
18 9 (0.46%) AWS CloudFormation
18 9 (0.46%) Lucidchart
Communications & Networking
1 115 (5.91%) HTTP
2 61 (3.14%) TCP/IP
3 59 (3.03%) SSL
4 47 (2.42%) AMQP
5 23 (1.18%) Internet
6 17 (0.87%) Firewall
7 11 (0.57%) Kerberos
8 10 (0.51%) VPN
9 9 (0.46%) HTTPS
9 9 (0.46%) Skype
10 6 (0.31%) MQTT
11 5 (0.26%) DNS
11 5 (0.26%) SMS
12 4 (0.21%) FTP
13 3 (0.15%) DSL
13 3 (0.15%) Network Security
14 2 (0.10%) BIG-IP
14 2 (0.10%) SMTP
14 2 (0.10%) SSH
15 1 (0.051%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 192 (9.87%) MongoDB
2 156 (8.02%) NoSQL
3 99 (5.09%) MySQL
4 98 (5.04%) PostgreSQL
5 79 (4.06%) Relational Database
6 68 (3.50%) SQL Server
7 55 (2.83%) Hadoop
8 48 (2.47%) Big Data
9 41 (2.11%) Apache Cassandra
10 40 (2.06%) Redis
11 31 (1.59%) DB2
12 30 (1.54%) HBase
13 29 (1.49%) Couchbase
14 26 (1.34%) RDBMS
15 21 (1.08%) Apache Hive
16 17 (0.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 17 (0.87%) Oracle Database
17 16 (0.82%) Neo4j
18 12 (0.62%) Oracle Database 11g
18 12 (0.62%) Riak
Development Applications
1 1,267 (65.14%) Selenium
2 736 (37.84%) Jenkins
3 624 (32.08%) Git (software)
4 511 (26.27%) JIRA
5 387 (19.90%) WebDriver
6 312 (16.04%) JUnit
7 282 (14.50%) Maven
8 228 (11.72%) JMeter
9 220 (11.31%) SoapUI
10 147 (7.56%) SpecFlow
11 133 (6.84%) Gatling
12 132 (6.79%) Bitbucket
13 129 (6.63%) IntelliJ
14 114 (5.86%) Protractor
15 110 (5.66%) Gradle
15 110 (5.66%) Subversion
16 109 (5.60%) Appium
17 102 (5.24%) Ant
18 97 (4.99%) Karma Test Runner
19 85 (4.37%) gulp
General
1 275 (14.14%) Finance
2 177 (9.10%) Banking
3 66 (3.39%) Retail
4 37 (1.90%) Telecoms
5 20 (1.03%) Games
6 19 (0.98%) Back Office
6 19 (0.98%) Investment Banking
7 16 (0.82%) Advertising
7 16 (0.82%) Front Office
8 14 (0.72%) Marketing
9 13 (0.67%) Publishing
10 12 (0.62%) Retail Banking
11 10 (0.51%) Financial Institution
12 6 (0.31%) Online Betting
13 5 (0.26%) Legal
13 5 (0.26%) Manufacturing
14 4 (0.21%) Electronics
14 4 (0.21%) Law
15 2 (0.10%) Automotive
15 2 (0.10%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 635 (32.65%) Developer
2 351 (18.05%) Tester
3 343 (17.63%) Java Developer
4 265 (13.62%) Automation Tester
5 257 (13.21%) Analyst
6 245 (12.60%) Test Engineer
7 228 (11.72%) Test Analyst
8 143 (7.35%) Test Automation Engineer
9 132 (6.79%) Developer in Test
10 131 (6.74%) Automation Test Analyst
11 84 (4.32%) Selenium Tester
12 82 (4.22%) QA Engineer
13 80 (4.11%) Senior Developer
14 78 (4.01%) Selenium Automation Tester
15 76 (3.91%) Software Engineer
16 74 (3.80%) DevOps Engineer
16 74 (3.80%) Java Automation Tester
17 73 (3.75%) Java Engineer
18 66 (3.39%) QA Tester
19 65 (3.34%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 441 (22.67%) Gherkin
2 315 (16.20%) Node.js
3 301 (15.48%) Spring
4 293 (15.06%) REST
5 257 (13.21%) CSS
6 245 (12.60%) AngularJS
7 227 (11.67%) HTML
8 213 (10.95%) Web Services
9 210 (10.80%) RESTful
10 189 (9.72%) XML
11 180 (9.25%) SOAP
12 173 (8.89%) JSON
13 161 (8.28%) .NET
14 136 (6.99%) Spring Boot
15 122 (6.27%) React
16 106 (5.45%) jQuery
17 100 (5.14%) HTML5
18 83 (4.27%) Kafka
19 81 (4.16%) Hibernate
20 79 (4.06%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 104 (5.35%) Greenfield Project
2 79 (4.06%) Analytical Skills
3 72 (3.70%) User Experience
4 67 (3.44%) Mobile App
5 48 (2.47%) Linux Command Line
6 40 (2.06%) Fintech
7 24 (1.23%) Algorithms
8 23 (1.18%) Self-Motivation
9 22 (1.13%) Computer Science
10 20 (1.03%) Public Cloud
10 20 (1.03%) Virtual Team
11 16 (0.82%) Data Structures
12 14 (0.72%) Cloud Native
12 14 (0.72%) Data Centre
12 14 (0.72%) Video on Demand
13 13 (0.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 13 (0.67%) NHS
14 10 (0.51%) Derivative
15 9 (0.46%) DataPower
15 9 (0.46%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 349 (17.94%) Linux
2 229 (11.77%) Unix
3 132 (6.79%) Windows
4 70 (3.60%) Ubuntu
5 56 (2.88%) Apple iOS
6 52 (2.67%) Android
7 51 (2.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 22 (1.13%) Mac OS X
9 17 (0.87%) Windows Server
10 12 (0.62%) CentOS
11 9 (0.46%) Mac OS
11 9 (0.46%) Solaris
12 4 (0.21%) Debian
13 2 (0.10%) VMS
14 1 (0.051%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,415 (72.75%) Test Automation
2 1,354 (69.61%) Agile Software Development
3 884 (45.45%) BDD
4 605 (31.11%) TDD
5 500 (25.71%) Continuous Integration
6 486 (24.99%) Scrum
7 407 (20.93%) DevOps
8 352 (18.10%) Microservices
9 301 (15.48%) API Testing
10 241 (12.39%) Open Source
11 240 (12.34%) SDET
12 198 (10.18%) Kanban
13 168 (8.64%) SDLC
14 167 (8.59%) Test Scripting
15 164 (8.43%) Test Strategy
16 150 (7.71%) Software Engineering
17 149 (7.66%) Continuous Delivery
18 142 (7.30%) Problem-Solving
19 138 (7.10%) Mentoring
20 129 (6.63%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 1,316 (67.66%) Java
2 556 (28.59%) JavaScript
3 458 (23.55%) SQL
4 297 (15.27%) C#
5 253 (13.01%) Python
6 181 (9.31%) Ruby
7 179 (9.20%) Java 8
8 146 (7.51%) Groovy
9 116 (5.96%) Scala
10 80 (4.11%) Perl
11 50 (2.57%) Haskell
12 47 (2.42%) Shell Script
13 44 (2.26%) PL/SQL
14 43 (2.21%) Bash Shell
15 41 (2.11%) ES6
16 30 (1.54%) C++
17 28 (1.44%) VB.NET
18 22 (1.13%) TypeScript
19 21 (1.08%) PowerShell
20 17 (0.87%) PHP
Qualifications
1 187 (9.61%) Security Cleared
2 151 (7.76%) SC Cleared
3 122 (6.27%) ISTQB
4 106 (5.45%) ISEB
5 66 (3.39%) Degree
6 32 (1.65%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 29 (1.49%) DV Cleared
8 21 (1.08%) BPSS Clearance
9 15 (0.77%) Computer Science Degree
10 14 (0.72%) Master's Degree
11 11 (0.57%) DBS Check
12 10 (0.51%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 4 (0.21%) AWS Certification
14 3 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
15 1 (0.051%) BC Cleared
15 1 (0.051%) CCA
15 1 (0.051%) HND
15 1 (0.051%) MCSA
15 1 (0.051%) MCSE
15 1 (0.051%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 479 (24.63%) QA
2 10 (0.51%) PMO
3 7 (0.36%) WCAG
4 5 (0.26%) MiFID
5 4 (0.21%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.21%) EMIR
5 4 (0.21%) GDPR
6 3 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
6 3 (0.15%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.10%) PSD2
8 1 (0.051%) WAI
System Software
1 444 (22.83%) Docker
2 34 (1.75%) HDFS
3 9 (0.46%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 6 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.26%) vCloud
6 4 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (0.21%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.10%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.051%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 137 (7.04%) Puppet
2 131 (6.74%) Kubernetes
3 120 (6.17%) Ansible
4 98 (5.04%) Kibana
5 88 (4.52%) Grafana
6 74 (3.80%) Terraform
7 64 (3.29%) Opscode Chef
8 26 (1.34%) HP Quality Center
9 25 (1.29%) logstash
10 18 (0.93%) Graphite
11 17 (0.87%) Docker Swarm
12 16 (0.82%) Nagios
13 10 (0.51%) Cobbler
13 10 (0.51%) OpenView
13 10 (0.51%) Packer
13 10 (0.51%) SCOM
13 10 (0.51%) ZABBIX
14 9 (0.46%) Graylog
14 9 (0.46%) HP ALM
15 8 (0.41%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 167 (8.59%) Oracle
2 98 (5.04%) Google
3 78 (4.01%) Atlassian
4 76 (3.91%) Microsoft
5 59 (3.03%) Splunk
6 45 (2.31%) IBM
7 44 (2.26%) AppDynamics
8 35 (1.80%) HP
9 33 (1.70%) Adobe
10 30 (1.54%) Red Hat
11 24 (1.23%) webMethods
12 19 (0.98%) MuleSoft
13 18 (0.93%) Micro Focus
14 17 (0.87%) hybris
14 17 (0.87%) TIBCO
14 17 (0.87%) WSO2
15 16 (0.82%) Cypress Semiconductor
16 15 (0.77%) New Relic
16 15 (0.77%) Pega
16 15 (0.77%) Perfecto Mobile