Period
to 12 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 12 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
12 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 185 193 162
Rank change year-on-year +8 -31 +30
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 453 1,312 1,785
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.31% 1.44% 1.74%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.27% 7.63% 8.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 311 904 1,262
Median daily rate £445 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.11% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £313 £338 £325
90th Percentile £580 £580 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £425 £423
% change year-on-year +2.35% +0.59% +5.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 6 5
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £28.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +25.00% +40.00%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £29.50 £25.25
% change year-on-year +18.64% +16.83% +26.25%

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 6,234 17,192 20,963
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.04% 18.92% 20.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,024 11,213 14,390
Median daily rate £500 £475 £473
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +0.53% +5.06%
10th Percentile £328 £328 £319
90th Percentile £663 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 130 288 222
Median hourly rate £42.50 £44.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.41% +3.53% +2.72%
10th Percentile £23.18 £25.35 £26.50
90th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £53.75
Median hourly rate £44.00 £43.75 £42.00
% change year-on-year +0.57% +4.17% -1.18%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 12 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 12 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 12 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 403 £450 - 71
UK excluding London -14 220 £435 +2.35% 47
London +8 216 £450 -5.26% 31
North of England +6 54 £450 +6.45% 16
Midlands +51 44 £423 -0.59% 5
North West +50 34 £450 +5.88% 3
South East +21 34 £450 - 6
South West +21 34 £450 - 10
Scotland +32 26 £335 -16.25% 1
West Midlands +57 25 £431 -1.49% 4
Work from Home -27 25 £445 -11.00% 19
East of England +60 19 £450 +10.09% 3
East Midlands +46 19 £358 +3.73% 1
North East +4 12 £450 +33.33% 3
Yorkshire +20 8 £460 -3.16% 10
Wales +31 6 £475 +18.75% 6
Northern Ireland +19 3 £451 -

For the 6 months to 12 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 336 (74.17%) Agile Software Development
2 332 (73.29%) Test Automation
3 323 (71.30%) Java
4 255 (56.29%) Selenium
5 227 (50.11%) BDD
6 212 (46.80%) Jenkins
7 168 (37.09%) TDD
8 159 (35.10%) DevOps
9 148 (32.67%) JIRA
9 148 (32.67%) Security Cleared
10 142 (31.35%) Scrum
10 142 (31.35%) SQL
11 133 (29.36%) Git (software)
12 119 (26.27%) Microservices
13 115 (25.39%) SC Cleared
14 113 (24.94%) AWS
15 109 (24.06%) Continuous Integration
16 108 (23.84%) JUnit
17 102 (22.52%) Gherkin
18 101 (22.30%) REST
19 93 (20.53%) QA
19 93 (20.53%) JavaScript
20 91 (20.09%) API Testing
21 90 (19.87%) Spring
22 89 (19.65%) Docker
23 82 (18.10%) Integration Testing
24 79 (17.44%) SoapUI
25 76 (16.78%) Maven
26 73 (16.11%) Test Scripting
26 73 (16.11%) Confluence

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (16.11%) Confluence
2 28 (6.18%) WebLogic
3 23 (5.08%) JBoss
4 20 (4.42%) Mule
4 20 (4.42%) Tomcat
5 12 (2.65%) WebSphere
6 11 (2.43%) Red Hat Fuse
7 10 (2.21%) Elasticsearch
8 9 (1.99%) Apache
9 5 (1.10%) Apache Spark
9 5 (1.10%) Jetty
9 5 (1.10%) MQSeries
9 5 (1.10%) Oracle Self-Service HR
10 4 (0.88%) Anypoint
10 4 (0.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 4 (0.88%) SharePoint
11 3 (0.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 3 (0.66%) IIS
12 2 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
12 2 (0.44%) nginx
Applications
1 13 (2.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 12 (2.65%) Teamcenter
2 8 (1.77%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (1.77%) SAP FI-CA
3 5 (1.10%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 2 (0.44%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.22%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 113 (24.94%) AWS
2 44 (9.71%) Azure
3 33 (7.28%) GitHub
4 24 (5.30%) OpenShift
5 17 (3.75%) SaaS
6 13 (2.87%) BrowserStack
6 13 (2.87%) Serverless
7 11 (2.43%) Slack
8 10 (2.21%) npm
9 9 (1.99%) GCP
10 7 (1.55%) AWS Lambda
10 7 (1.55%) Boomi
10 7 (1.55%) IaaS
11 6 (1.32%) Amazon S3
11 6 (1.32%) Cloud Computing
11 6 (1.32%) Yarn
12 5 (1.10%) BlazeMeter
12 5 (1.10%) Tricentis Tosca
13 4 (0.88%) Apigee
13 4 (0.88%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 22 (4.86%) HTTP
2 11 (2.43%) TCP/IP
3 8 (1.77%) SSL
4 6 (1.32%) FTP
5 5 (1.10%) SSH
6 4 (0.88%) LAN
7 3 (0.66%) DHCP
7 3 (0.66%) DSL
7 3 (0.66%) Firewall
7 3 (0.66%) WAN
8 2 (0.44%) Internet
8 2 (0.44%) Skype
9 1 (0.22%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (7.06%) MySQL
2 31 (6.84%) MongoDB
3 26 (5.74%) NoSQL
4 25 (5.52%) SQL Server
5 19 (4.19%) PostgreSQL
6 18 (3.97%) Relational Database
7 15 (3.31%) Hadoop
8 14 (3.09%) Oracle Database
9 13 (2.87%) DB2
10 9 (1.99%) Apache Hive
11 7 (1.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 7 (1.55%) Redis
12 5 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
13 4 (0.88%) Data Lake
13 4 (0.88%) MariaDB
13 4 (0.88%) ZAP BI
14 2 (0.44%) Amazon Aurora
14 2 (0.44%) BigQuery
14 2 (0.44%) OrientDB
14 2 (0.44%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 255 (56.29%) Selenium
2 212 (46.80%) Jenkins
3 148 (32.67%) JIRA
4 133 (29.36%) Git (software)
5 108 (23.84%) JUnit
6 79 (17.44%) SoapUI
7 76 (16.78%) Maven
8 72 (15.89%) JMeter
9 54 (11.92%) WebDriver
10 52 (11.48%) Postman
11 51 (11.26%) GitLab
12 50 (11.04%) REST Assured
13 33 (7.28%) Jasmine
14 29 (6.40%) Subversion
15 28 (6.18%) Cypress.io
16 27 (5.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 26 (5.74%) Gatling
17 26 (5.74%) Zephyr
18 22 (4.86%) SonarQube
19 21 (4.64%) Bitbucket
General
1 64 (14.13%) Finance
2 63 (13.91%) Public Sector
3 39 (8.61%) Banking
4 16 (3.53%) Retail
5 12 (2.65%) Front Office
6 9 (1.99%) Investment Banking
7 6 (1.32%) Police
8 3 (0.66%) Retail Banking
9 2 (0.44%) Marketing
10 1 (0.22%) Corporate Banking
10 1 (0.22%) Electronics
10 1 (0.22%) French Language
10 1 (0.22%) Games
10 1 (0.22%) Housing Association
10 1 (0.22%) Law
10 1 (0.22%) Local Government
10 1 (0.22%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.22%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 124 (27.37%) Developer
2 108 (23.84%) Tester
3 82 (18.10%) Automation Tester
4 73 (16.11%) Test Engineer
5 71 (15.67%) Java Developer
6 55 (12.14%) Analyst
7 46 (10.15%) Test Analyst
8 42 (9.27%) Test Automation Engineer
9 39 (8.61%) Java Engineer
10 28 (6.18%) QA Engineer
11 23 (5.08%) Software Engineer
12 21 (4.64%) Developer in Test
13 20 (4.42%) Senior Tester
14 18 (3.97%) Senior Automation Tester
15 15 (3.31%) Senior Developer
16 14 (3.09%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 14 (3.09%) React Developer
16 14 (3.09%) Software Test Engineer
16 14 (3.09%) Test Specialist
17 13 (2.87%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 102 (22.52%) Gherkin
2 101 (22.30%) REST
3 90 (19.87%) Spring
4 71 (15.67%) Web Services
5 66 (14.57%) SOAP
6 60 (13.25%) XML
7 50 (11.04%) JSON
8 46 (10.15%) Spring Boot
9 45 (9.93%) AngularJS
10 41 (9.05%) Node.js
11 37 (8.17%) RESTful
12 36 (7.95%) CSS
13 35 (7.73%) HTML
14 30 (6.62%) Apache Camel
15 28 (6.18%) Jest
15 28 (6.18%) WireMock
16 22 (4.86%) Hibernate
16 22 (4.86%) WebdriverIO
17 21 (4.64%) React
18 19 (4.19%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 26 (5.74%) Mobile App
2 24 (5.30%) Analytical Skills
3 16 (3.53%) User Experience
4 8 (1.77%) Derivative
4 8 (1.77%) Enterprise Software
5 7 (1.55%) Fixed Income
6 6 (1.32%) Public Cloud
7 5 (1.10%) Algorithms
8 4 (0.88%) Clustering
8 4 (0.88%) Greenfield Project
8 4 (0.88%) Linux Command Line
9 3 (0.66%) Equities
9 3 (0.66%) Self-Motivation
10 2 (0.44%) Client/Server
10 2 (0.44%) Equity Derivative
10 2 (0.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 1 (0.22%) Mainframe
11 1 (0.22%) NHS
11 1 (0.22%) Replication
11 1 (0.22%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 66 (14.57%) Linux
2 57 (12.58%) Unix
3 42 (9.27%) Windows
4 17 (3.75%) Android
5 11 (2.43%) Apple iOS
6 8 (1.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (1.32%) Mac OS X
8 5 (1.10%) CentOS
8 5 (1.10%) Debian
8 5 (1.10%) Solaris
8 5 (1.10%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.66%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 336 (74.17%) Agile Software Development
2 332 (73.29%) Test Automation
3 227 (50.11%) BDD
4 168 (37.09%) TDD
5 159 (35.10%) DevOps
6 142 (31.35%) Scrum
7 119 (26.27%) Microservices
8 109 (24.06%) Continuous Integration
9 91 (20.09%) API Testing
10 82 (18.10%) Integration Testing
11 73 (16.11%) Test Scripting
12 60 (13.25%) Kanban
13 51 (11.26%) Continuous Delivery
14 50 (11.04%) Scenario Testing
15 49 (10.82%) Regression Testing
16 47 (10.38%) Open Source
17 43 (9.49%) SDLC
18 42 (9.27%) Problem-Solving
19 41 (9.05%) Non-Functional Testing
20 40 (8.83%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 323 (71.30%) Java
2 142 (31.35%) SQL
3 93 (20.53%) JavaScript
4 64 (14.13%) Python
5 32 (7.06%) C#
6 24 (5.30%) Java 8
7 18 (3.97%) Ruby
8 17 (3.75%) PL/SQL
9 16 (3.53%) Groovy
9 16 (3.53%) Scala
10 13 (2.87%) TypeScript
11 12 (2.65%) Shell Script
12 11 (2.43%) Perl
13 8 (1.77%) C++
13 8 (1.77%) ES6
13 8 (1.77%) PowerShell
14 7 (1.55%) Bash Shell
15 5 (1.10%) Clojure
15 5 (1.10%) Go
15 5 (1.10%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 148 (32.67%) Security Cleared
2 115 (25.39%) SC Cleared
3 47 (10.38%) ISTQB
4 43 (9.49%) ISEB
5 24 (5.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 12 (2.65%) Degree
7 9 (1.99%) DBS Check
7 9 (1.99%) DV Cleared
8 6 (1.32%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.88%) Computer Science Degree
10 3 (0.66%) AWS Certification
10 3 (0.66%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 3 (0.66%) ITIL Certification
11 1 (0.22%) ISEB Practitioner
11 1 (0.22%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (20.53%) QA
2 8 (1.77%) WCAG
3 2 (0.44%) GDPR
4 1 (0.22%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.22%) PSD2
4 1 (0.22%) SEPA
System Software
1 89 (19.65%) Docker
2 11 (2.43%) HDFS
3 3 (0.66%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 67 (14.79%) Kubernetes
2 35 (7.73%) Terraform
3 28 (6.18%) Ansible
4 15 (3.31%) Opscode Chef
5 14 (3.09%) Puppet
6 11 (2.43%) HP Quality Center
7 8 (1.77%) Kibana
7 8 (1.77%) Rancher
8 7 (1.55%) Grafana
9 5 (1.10%) Salt
10 3 (0.66%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.44%) HP ALM
11 2 (0.44%) Marathon
11 2 (0.44%) Mesos
11 2 (0.44%) Nessus
12 1 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
12 1 (0.22%) OpenNebula
Vendors
1 63 (13.91%) Oracle
2 21 (4.64%) Microsoft
3 19 (4.19%) SAP
4 16 (3.53%) MuleSoft
5 14 (3.09%) Atlassian
6 11 (2.43%) Google
6 11 (2.43%) Sybase
7 9 (1.99%) Red Hat
7 9 (1.99%) webMethods
8 8 (1.77%) IBM
9 7 (1.55%) Dell
9 7 (1.55%) Splunk
10 6 (1.32%) Cloudera
10 6 (1.32%) Hortonworks
10 6 (1.32%) Murex
11 5 (1.10%) Axway
11 5 (1.10%) HP
11 5 (1.10%) Sonatype
11 5 (1.10%) Sparx
12 4 (0.88%) Pega