Period
to 17 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 17 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 140 169 164
Rank change year-on-year +29 -5 +35
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 1,918 1,591 1,634
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.93% 1.59% 1.68%
As % of the Development Applications category 9.02% 8.55% 10.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,276 1,176 1,099
UK median daily rate £468 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.89% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £338 £325 £313
90th Percentile £600 £588 £556
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 2
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £70.50 £32.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -50.35% +118.60% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £32.25

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 21,271 18,604 16,191
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.40% 18.55% 16.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,494 13,039 10,833
UK median daily rate £475 £453 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.97% +6.47% +4.94%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £625 £607 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +3.61% +3.75% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 253 238 245
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £43.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.15% +6.10% +2.50%
10th Percentile £33.00 £29.00 £18.87
90th Percentile £55.00 £63.75 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £44.00 £40.50
% change year-on-year -1.14% +8.64% +1.25%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +25 1,743 £475 +5.56% 362
UK excluding London +38 945 £425 +2.41% 223
London +16 944 £500 +3.90% 156
South East +66 251 £450 +5.88% 50
Midlands +98 202 £425 +6.25% 40
North of England -25 178 £450 +5.88% 57
West Midlands +106 157 £435 +8.75% 25
South West +21 134 £440 +13.55% 46
Scotland +5 84 £378 -2.58% 10
Yorkshire -37 77 £475 +11.76% 22
North West -29 58 £425 -0.18% 28
Wales +13 47 £413 -8.33% 6
East Midlands -4 45 £403 -1.83% 15
North East +13 44 £448 +5.29% 7
East of England -36 33 £400 -11.11% 14
Northern Ireland +24 18 £412 -0.72% 1

For the 6 months to 17 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 1,395 (72.73%) Test Automation
2 1,326 (69.13%) Agile Software Development
3 1,301 (67.83%) Java
4 1,212 (63.19%) Selenium
5 856 (44.63%) BDD
6 792 (41.29%) Jenkins
7 608 (31.70%) TDD
7 608 (31.70%) Git (software)
8 567 (29.56%) JavaScript
9 538 (28.05%) Continuous Integration
10 510 (26.59%) JIRA
11 504 (26.28%) Scrum
12 466 (24.30%) Docker
13 462 (24.09%) SQL
14 441 (22.99%) QA
15 425 (22.16%) DevOps
16 387 (20.18%) Gherkin
17 384 (20.02%) WebDriver
18 375 (19.55%) Microservices
19 360 (18.77%) REST
20 339 (17.67%) Maven
21 324 (16.89%) JUnit
22 320 (16.68%) Confluence
23 313 (16.32%) Linux
24 305 (15.90%) Spring
25 299 (15.59%) Node.js
26 287 (14.96%) CSS
27 277 (14.44%) AngularJS
28 265 (13.82%) HTML
29 260 (13.56%) Web Services

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 320 (16.68%) Confluence
2 89 (4.64%) Tomcat
3 76 (3.96%) Apache
4 68 (3.55%) WebLogic
5 67 (3.49%) JBoss
6 62 (3.23%) Elasticsearch
7 57 (2.97%) nginx
8 43 (2.24%) WebSphere
9 40 (2.09%) CMS
10 34 (1.77%) Documentum
11 32 (1.67%) Apache Spark
12 27 (1.41%) Cloud Foundry
13 23 (1.20%) SharePoint
14 15 (0.78%) Apache Solr
14 15 (0.78%) IIS
15 12 (0.63%) CoreMedia CMS
16 10 (0.52%) Mule
17 8 (0.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 8 (0.42%) Jetty
18 5 (0.26%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 17 (0.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.10%) InVision
2 2 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
2 2 (0.10%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.052%) HipChat
3 1 (0.052%) Mingle
3 1 (0.052%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 16 (0.83%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.63%) Sentinel
3 5 (0.26%) SAP FI-CA
3 5 (0.26%) SAP PSCD
4 4 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
4 4 (0.21%) Oracle Cash Management
5 3 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.052%) Exstream
6 1 (0.052%) Magento
6 1 (0.052%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.052%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 1 (0.052%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.052%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 223 (11.63%) Amazon AWS
2 205 (10.69%) GitHub
3 167 (8.71%) Microsoft Azure
4 110 (5.74%) BrowserStack
5 75 (3.91%) Google Analytics
6 54 (2.82%) Slack
7 44 (2.29%) Sauce Labs
8 42 (2.19%) npm
9 35 (1.82%) OpenShift
10 32 (1.67%) SaaS
11 25 (1.30%) Google Cloud Platform
11 25 (1.30%) Serverless
12 22 (1.15%) PaaS
13 20 (1.04%) Datadog
14 18 (0.94%) AWS Lambda
15 13 (0.68%) Apigee
16 12 (0.63%) IaaS
16 12 (0.63%) Lucidchart
17 11 (0.57%) Amazon EC2
18 8 (0.42%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 119 (6.20%) HTTP
2 66 (3.44%) SSL
3 61 (3.18%) TCP/IP
4 24 (1.25%) AMQP
5 21 (1.09%) Internet
6 12 (0.63%) Skype
7 11 (0.57%) VPN
8 9 (0.47%) Kerberos
9 8 (0.42%) Firewall
10 5 (0.26%) DSL
10 5 (0.26%) HTTPS
11 2 (0.10%) BIG-IP
11 2 (0.10%) DNS
11 2 (0.10%) SMS
11 2 (0.10%) SSH
12 1 (0.052%) BGP
12 1 (0.052%) FTP
12 1 (0.052%) MPLS
12 1 (0.052%) Network Security
12 1 (0.052%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 215 (11.21%) MongoDB
2 154 (8.03%) NoSQL
3 101 (5.27%) Relational Database
4 95 (4.95%) MySQL
5 82 (4.28%) PostgreSQL
6 73 (3.81%) SQL Server
7 42 (2.19%) Redis
8 41 (2.14%) Hadoop
9 34 (1.77%) Big Data
10 31 (1.62%) RDBMS
11 30 (1.56%) Neo4j
12 27 (1.41%) DB2
13 21 (1.09%) Apache Cassandra
13 21 (1.09%) HBase
14 15 (0.78%) Oracle Database
15 13 (0.68%) Apache Hive
15 13 (0.68%) DB2 UDB
16 10 (0.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 10 (0.52%) Impala
16 10 (0.52%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 1,212 (63.19%) Selenium
2 792 (41.29%) Jenkins
3 608 (31.70%) Git (software)
4 510 (26.59%) JIRA
5 384 (20.02%) WebDriver
6 339 (17.67%) Maven
7 324 (16.89%) JUnit
8 231 (12.04%) JMeter
9 195 (10.17%) SoapUI
10 144 (7.51%) Gatling
11 129 (6.73%) Protractor
12 128 (6.67%) Ant
13 124 (6.47%) gulp
14 118 (6.15%) IntelliJ
15 117 (6.10%) SpecFlow
16 116 (6.05%) Karma Test Runner
17 110 (5.74%) Mockito
18 106 (5.53%) Subversion
19 105 (5.47%) Bitbucket
20 104 (5.42%) TeamCity
General
1 244 (12.72%) Finance
2 185 (9.65%) Banking
3 59 (3.08%) Retail
4 35 (1.82%) Games
4 35 (1.82%) Investment Banking
5 21 (1.09%) Front Office
6 17 (0.89%) Advertising
7 16 (0.83%) Financial Institution
8 13 (0.68%) Back Office
8 13 (0.68%) Law
8 13 (0.68%) Marketing
8 13 (0.68%) Online Betting
9 12 (0.63%) Telecoms
10 10 (0.52%) Publishing
11 8 (0.42%) Retail Banking
12 6 (0.31%) Manufacturing
13 5 (0.26%) Electronics
13 5 (0.26%) Legal
13 5 (0.26%) Wholesale Banking
14 4 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 669 (34.88%) Developer
2 418 (21.79%) Tester
3 335 (17.47%) Java Developer
4 314 (16.37%) Automation Tester
5 233 (12.15%) Test Engineer
6 219 (11.42%) Analyst
7 200 (10.43%) Test Analyst
8 134 (6.99%) Test Automation Engineer
9 120 (6.26%) Developer in Test
10 106 (5.53%) Selenium Tester
11 101 (5.27%) Java Automation Tester
12 99 (5.16%) Selenium Automation Tester
13 95 (4.95%) Automation Test Analyst
14 85 (4.43%) Senior Developer
15 82 (4.28%) QA Tester
16 74 (3.86%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 69 (3.60%) Senior Java Developer
18 65 (3.39%) DevOps Engineer
19 64 (3.34%) Java Engineer
20 63 (3.28%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 387 (20.18%) Gherkin
2 360 (18.77%) REST
3 305 (15.90%) Spring
4 299 (15.59%) Node.js
5 287 (14.96%) CSS
6 277 (14.44%) AngularJS
7 265 (13.82%) HTML
8 260 (13.56%) Web Services
9 194 (10.11%) RESTful
10 187 (9.75%) JSON
10 187 (9.75%) SOAP
11 176 (9.18%) XML
12 156 (8.13%) .NET
13 135 (7.04%) HTML5
14 134 (6.99%) Spring Boot
15 117 (6.10%) React
16 104 (5.42%) jQuery
17 100 (5.21%) Sass
18 87 (4.54%) Hibernate
19 67 (3.49%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 101 (5.27%) Analytical Skills
2 80 (4.17%) User Experience
3 78 (4.07%) Greenfield Project
4 55 (2.87%) Mobile App
5 33 (1.72%) Virtual Team
6 31 (1.62%) Linux Command Line
7 25 (1.30%) Fintech
8 20 (1.04%) NHS
9 19 (0.99%) Algorithms
10 17 (0.89%) Self-Motivation
11 14 (0.73%) Data Structures
11 14 (0.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 13 (0.68%) Public Cloud
13 12 (0.63%) Cloud Native
13 12 (0.63%) Online Games
14 10 (0.52%) Enterprise Software
15 9 (0.47%) Management Information System
16 8 (0.42%) Data Centre
17 7 (0.36%) DataPower
17 7 (0.36%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 313 (16.32%) Linux
2 229 (11.94%) Unix
3 146 (7.61%) Windows
4 77 (4.01%) Ubuntu
5 59 (3.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 54 (2.82%) Apple iOS
7 44 (2.29%) Android
8 33 (1.72%) Mac OS X
9 20 (1.04%) Windows Server
10 12 (0.63%) Mac OS
11 8 (0.42%) Solaris
12 5 (0.26%) Debian
12 5 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
13 4 (0.21%) CentOS
14 1 (0.052%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,395 (72.73%) Test Automation
2 1,326 (69.13%) Agile Software Development
3 856 (44.63%) BDD
4 608 (31.70%) TDD
5 538 (28.05%) Continuous Integration
6 504 (26.28%) Scrum
7 425 (22.16%) DevOps
8 375 (19.55%) Microservices
9 226 (11.78%) API Testing
10 210 (10.95%) Open Source
11 197 (10.27%) SDET
12 195 (10.17%) Test Strategy
13 176 (9.18%) Test Scripting
14 173 (9.02%) Continuous Delivery
15 171 (8.92%) Kanban
16 147 (7.66%) Problem-Solving
17 139 (7.25%) Front End Development
18 132 (6.88%) User Stories
19 129 (6.73%) Mentoring
20 127 (6.62%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,301 (67.83%) Java
2 567 (29.56%) JavaScript
3 462 (24.09%) SQL
4 250 (13.03%) C#
5 220 (11.47%) Python
6 172 (8.97%) Java 8
7 167 (8.71%) Ruby
8 161 (8.39%) Groovy
9 132 (6.88%) Scala
10 78 (4.07%) Perl
11 55 (2.87%) ES6
12 54 (2.82%) Haskell
13 42 (2.19%) TypeScript
14 39 (2.03%) Bash Shell
15 36 (1.88%) PL/SQL
16 33 (1.72%) C++
17 25 (1.30%) Shell Script
18 22 (1.15%) VB.NET
19 12 (0.63%) Apple Swift
19 12 (0.63%) PHP
Qualifications
1 151 (7.87%) Security Cleared
2 114 (5.94%) SC Cleared
3 106 (5.53%) ISTQB
4 93 (4.85%) ISEB
5 69 (3.60%) Degree
6 39 (2.03%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 30 (1.56%) BPSS Clearance
7 30 (1.56%) DV Cleared
8 19 (0.99%) Computer Science Degree
9 12 (0.63%) DBS Check
10 11 (0.57%) Master's Degree
11 7 (0.36%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 3 (0.16%) ISEB Practitioner
13 1 (0.052%) BC Cleared
13 1 (0.052%) CCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 441 (22.99%) QA
2 13 (0.68%) WCAG
3 10 (0.52%) Disclosure Scotland
4 8 (0.42%) MiFID
4 8 (0.42%) PMO
5 6 (0.31%) SEPA
6 5 (0.26%) Data Quality
7 4 (0.21%) EMIR
8 3 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
8 3 (0.16%) GDPR
8 3 (0.16%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.052%) HL7
9 1 (0.052%) WAI
System Software
1 466 (24.30%) Docker
2 32 (1.67%) HDFS
3 10 (0.52%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.16%) Apache Flume
5 3 (0.16%) vCloud
5 3 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.10%) Virtual Servers
6 2 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.052%) Firmware
7 1 (0.052%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.052%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 153 (7.98%) Puppet
2 125 (6.52%) Kubernetes
3 118 (6.15%) Ansible
4 113 (5.89%) Kibana
5 89 (4.64%) Grafana
6 59 (3.08%) Terraform
7 58 (3.02%) Opscode Chef
8 22 (1.15%) logstash
9 21 (1.09%) Nagios
10 20 (1.04%) HP Quality Center
11 19 (0.99%) Docker Swarm
12 18 (0.94%) Graphite
13 14 (0.73%) Rancher
14 10 (0.52%) CA Service Virtualization
15 8 (0.42%) HP ALM
16 7 (0.36%) Prometheus
17 6 (0.31%) Marathon
17 6 (0.31%) Mesos
17 6 (0.31%) rkt
17 6 (0.31%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 160 (8.34%) Oracle
2 108 (5.63%) Google
3 102 (5.32%) Atlassian
4 76 (3.96%) Microsoft
5 69 (3.60%) Splunk
6 45 (2.35%) IBM
7 39 (2.03%) Adobe
7 39 (2.03%) AppDynamics
8 37 (1.93%) Pega
9 35 (1.82%) webMethods
10 27 (1.41%) WSO2
11 26 (1.36%) HP
11 26 (1.36%) hybris
11 26 (1.36%) New Relic
12 21 (1.09%) Micro Focus
13 19 (0.99%) SAP
14 18 (0.94%) Perfecto Mobile
14 18 (0.94%) Red Hat
15 15 (0.78%) Sybase
15 15 (0.78%) TIBCO