Period
to 28 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 28 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 247 237 217
Rank change year-on-year -10 -20 -71
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 993 480 907
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.13% 1.13% 1.26%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.33% 6.47% 7.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 753 355 634
10th Percentile £363 £344 £335
25th Percentile £419 £403 £390
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £475
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +1.60%
75th Percentile £600 £538 £556
90th Percentile £688 £600 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £440 £438
% change year-on-year - +0.57% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 4 2
10th Percentile £42.10 £46.50 £28.90
25th Percentile £65.50 £53.25 £36.25
Median hourly rate £65.54 £58.00 £48.50
Median % change year-on-year +13.00% +19.59% -
75th Percentile £79.50 £58.75 £60.75
90th Percentile £84.10 £60.10 £68.10
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.50 £58.00 £24.00
% change year-on-year +12.93% +141.67% -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 15,685 7,419 12,348
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.87% 17.41% 17.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,937 5,139 8,408
10th Percentile £383 £321 £325
25th Percentile £450 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +13.68% - -
75th Percentile £638 £559 £575
90th Percentile £725 £638 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £432 £450
% change year-on-year +12.85% -4.00% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 213 158 156
10th Percentile £35.45 £31.31 £16.35
25th Percentile £39.75 £40.00 £23.84
Median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £44.75
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% +0.56% +1.80%
75th Percentile £64.75 £55.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £75.00 £61.25 £66.87
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +22.22% +5.88% -3.41%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 28 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -3 773 £500 +11.11% 165
London +3 485 £538 +13.16% 92
Work from Home -15 341 £513 +7.89% 42
UK excluding London -49 285 £440 - 90
North of England -35 77 £450 -5.26% 22
South West -1 62 £489 +2.89% 14
Scotland -41 45 £450 +8.43% 13
Midlands -69 40 £400 +8.11% 13
North West -28 33 £500 +9.89% 8
West Midlands -59 32 £405 +12.50% 6
Yorkshire -16 30 £405 -14.74% 9
South East -80 28 £398 -11.50% 17
North East -10 15 £500 +5.26% 5
East of England -46 15 £438 +2.94% 6
Wales -16 13 £439 +9.75% 4
East Midlands -28 8 £335 -28.45% 7
Northern Ireland -2 4 £454 - 2
Isle of Man - 1 £350 -

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 652 (65.66%) Test Automation
2 630 (63.44%) Agile Software Development
3 615 (61.93%) Java
4 568 (57.20%) Selenium
5 408 (41.09%) Jenkins
6 363 (36.56%) CI/CD
7 317 (31.92%) BDD
8 287 (28.90%) Microservices
9 279 (28.10%) Git (software)
10 272 (27.39%) DevOps
11 261 (26.28%) TDD
12 254 (25.58%) JIRA
13 252 (25.38%) JavaScript
14 220 (22.16%) Docker
15 216 (21.75%) QA
16 200 (20.14%) Security Cleared
17 199 (20.04%) SQL
18 185 (18.63%) Software Testing
18 185 (18.63%) Azure
19 184 (18.53%) AWS
20 178 (17.93%) Social Skills
21 177 (17.82%) API Testing
21 177 (17.82%) Spring
22 176 (17.72%) Scrum
23 175 (17.62%) Finance
24 172 (17.32%) REST
25 171 (17.22%) Kubernetes
26 158 (15.91%) JUnit
27 155 (15.61%) SC Cleared
28 153 (15.41%) JMeter

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 142 (14.30%) Confluence
2 43 (4.33%) IIS
3 29 (2.92%) Elasticsearch
4 19 (1.91%) WebLogic
5 17 (1.71%) Apache
6 16 (1.61%) Tomcat
7 13 (1.31%) JBoss
8 10 (1.01%) Apache Spark
9 9 (0.91%) GemFire
9 9 (0.91%) Mule
9 9 (0.91%) WebSphere
10 8 (0.81%) SharePoint
11 7 (0.70%) CMS
12 6 (0.60%) Red Hat Fuse
13 4 (0.40%) Mattermost
13 4 (0.40%) nginx
14 3 (0.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 3 (0.30%) Jetty
14 3 (0.30%) Jupyter
15 2 (0.20%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 8 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.30%) Mingle
3 2 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.10%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 14 (1.41%) SAP FI-CA
1 14 (1.41%) SAP PSCD
2 6 (0.60%) SAP HCM
3 4 (0.40%) Oracle Cash Management
3 4 (0.40%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.20%) Endur
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle CRM
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 185 (18.63%) Azure
2 184 (18.53%) AWS
3 69 (6.95%) GitHub
4 55 (5.54%) IaaS
5 47 (4.73%) PaaS
6 44 (4.43%) Serverless
7 43 (4.33%) SaaS
8 38 (3.83%) OpenShift
9 33 (3.32%) BrowserStack
10 32 (3.22%) AWS Lambda
11 27 (2.72%) Azure Active Directory
12 22 (2.22%) NuGet
12 22 (2.22%) Sauce Labs
13 21 (2.11%) GCP
14 20 (2.01%) Apigee
15 19 (1.91%) Amazon S3
16 15 (1.51%) Amazon Cognito
17 12 (1.21%) Amazon SQS
18 11 (1.11%) Slack
19 8 (0.81%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 24 (2.42%) HTTP
2 13 (1.31%) Firewall
3 6 (0.60%) LAN
4 3 (0.30%) Broadband
5 2 (0.20%) DSL
5 2 (0.20%) DVB
5 2 (0.20%) FTP
5 2 (0.20%) SSL
6 1 (0.10%) 2G
6 1 (0.10%) Network Security
6 1 (0.10%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 67 (6.75%) MongoDB
2 64 (6.45%) NoSQL
3 57 (5.74%) SQL Server
4 43 (4.33%) Relational Database
5 40 (4.03%) PostgreSQL
6 30 (3.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 27 (2.72%) MySQL
8 16 (1.61%) RDBMS
9 13 (1.31%) Redis
10 12 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
11 10 (1.01%) Big Data
11 10 (1.01%) DB2
12 9 (0.91%) Amazon Redshift
12 9 (0.91%) InterSystems Cache
13 8 (0.81%) Data Warehouse
14 7 (0.70%) Oracle Database
15 6 (0.60%) Apache Hive
16 4 (0.40%) Data Mart
16 4 (0.40%) Oracle Reports
17 3 (0.30%) Adabas
Development Applications
1 568 (57.20%) Selenium
2 408 (41.09%) Jenkins
3 279 (28.10%) Git (software)
4 254 (25.58%) JIRA
5 158 (15.91%) JUnit
6 153 (15.41%) JMeter
7 150 (15.11%) Maven
8 148 (14.90%) Postman
9 128 (12.89%) WebDriver
10 122 (12.29%) REST Assured
11 100 (10.07%) SoapUI
12 79 (7.96%) Gatling
13 74 (7.45%) SpecFlow
14 67 (6.75%) SonarQube
15 61 (6.14%) Bitbucket
15 61 (6.14%) Cypress.io
16 57 (5.74%) GitLab
17 50 (5.04%) Sonatype Nexus
18 49 (4.93%) Appium
19 46 (4.63%) TeamCity
General
1 178 (17.93%) Social Skills
2 175 (17.62%) Finance
3 118 (11.88%) Banking
4 106 (10.67%) Public Sector
5 46 (4.63%) Investment Banking
6 44 (4.43%) Analytical Skills
7 40 (4.03%) Front Office
8 20 (2.01%) Back Office
9 18 (1.81%) Retail
10 16 (1.61%) Games
11 15 (1.51%) Retail Banking
12 14 (1.41%) Documentation Skills
13 12 (1.21%) Law
13 12 (1.21%) Presentation Skills
14 9 (0.91%) Influencing Skills
14 9 (0.91%) Telecoms
15 6 (0.60%) Financial Institution
15 6 (0.60%) Marketing
16 5 (0.50%) Electronics
16 5 (0.50%) Legal
Job Titles
1 281 (28.30%) Developer
2 198 (19.94%) Tester
3 152 (15.31%) Automation Tester
4 123 (12.39%) Java Developer
5 111 (11.18%) Test Engineer
6 95 (9.57%) Analyst
7 92 (9.26%) Test Analyst
8 79 (7.96%) Test Automation Engineer
9 65 (6.55%) Senior Developer
10 57 (5.74%) Software Developer
11 54 (5.44%) Developer in Test
12 50 (5.04%) DevOps Engineer
13 44 (4.43%) Test Leader
14 35 (3.52%) Java Engineer
15 33 (3.32%) Senior Java Developer
16 32 (3.22%) Full Stack Developer
17 30 (3.02%) QA Engineer
18 29 (2.92%) Automation Engineer
19 23 (2.32%) QA Tester
20 22 (2.22%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 177 (17.82%) Spring
2 172 (17.32%) REST
3 147 (14.80%) Gherkin
4 124 (12.49%) Node.js
5 107 (10.78%) RESTful
6 105 (10.57%) Web Services
7 93 (9.37%) HTML
8 89 (8.96%) React
9 87 (8.76%) CSS
9 87 (8.76%) XML
10 85 (8.56%) Spring Boot
11 82 (8.26%) .NET
12 81 (8.16%) JSON
13 72 (7.25%) WireMock
14 69 (6.95%) Kafka
15 66 (6.65%) SOAP
16 57 (5.74%) AngularJS
17 47 (4.73%) Hibernate
18 38 (3.83%) JPA
19 27 (2.72%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 53 (5.34%) Greenfield Project
2 38 (3.83%) Cloud Native
3 22 (2.22%) Mobile App
4 17 (1.71%) Self-Motivation
5 16 (1.61%) User Experience
6 14 (1.41%) Fixed Income
6 14 (1.41%) Media Streaming
6 14 (1.41%) Video\Live Streaming
7 13 (1.31%) Data Structures
8 12 (1.21%) Algorithms
8 12 (1.21%) NHS
8 12 (1.21%) N-Tier
9 9 (0.91%) Public Cloud
10 8 (0.81%) Client/Server
10 8 (0.81%) Virtual Team
11 6 (0.60%) Data Protection Act
11 6 (0.60%) Replication
12 5 (0.50%) Enterprise Software
13 4 (0.40%) Data Centre
13 4 (0.40%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 119 (11.98%) Linux
2 114 (11.48%) Unix
3 83 (8.36%) Windows
4 29 (2.92%) Android
5 28 (2.82%) Apple iOS
6 18 (1.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 17 (1.71%) Windows Server
8 16 (1.61%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.40%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.10%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 652 (65.66%) Test Automation
2 630 (63.44%) Agile Software Development
3 363 (36.56%) CI/CD
4 317 (31.92%) BDD
5 287 (28.90%) Microservices
6 272 (27.39%) DevOps
7 261 (26.28%) TDD
8 185 (18.63%) Software Testing
9 177 (17.82%) API Testing
10 176 (17.72%) Scrum
11 128 (12.89%) Test Scripting
12 119 (11.98%) Continuous Integration
13 115 (11.58%) SDET
14 89 (8.96%) Kanban
14 89 (8.96%) Performance Testing
15 84 (8.46%) Continuous Delivery
16 81 (8.16%) Scenario Testing
17 79 (7.96%) Regression Testing
17 79 (7.96%) Test Strategy
18 77 (7.75%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 615 (61.93%) Java
2 252 (25.38%) JavaScript
3 199 (20.04%) SQL
4 119 (11.98%) Python
5 81 (8.16%) C#
6 65 (6.55%) Java 8
6 65 (6.55%) TypeScript
7 43 (4.33%) Scala
8 34 (3.42%) Ruby
9 30 (3.02%) Groovy
10 27 (2.72%) Shell Script
11 23 (2.32%) PL/SQL
12 21 (2.11%) Bash
13 15 (1.51%) C++
14 10 (1.01%) PowerShell
15 9 (0.91%) Java 11
16 7 (0.70%) Perl
16 7 (0.70%) PHP
17 6 (0.60%) R
18 5 (0.50%) COBOL
Qualifications
1 200 (20.14%) Security Cleared
2 155 (15.61%) SC Cleared
3 72 (7.25%) ISTQB
4 58 (5.84%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 48 (4.83%) ISEB
6 29 (2.92%) BPSS Clearance
7 22 (2.22%) Degree
8 14 (1.41%) DV Cleared
9 12 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
10 3 (0.30%) Master's Degree
11 2 (0.20%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.10%) CFA
12 1 (0.10%) CITP
12 1 (0.10%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 216 (21.75%) QA
2 83 (8.36%) Accessibility
3 13 (1.31%) WCAG
4 3 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.30%) GDPR
5 2 (0.20%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.10%) IFRS
6 1 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.10%) Solvency II
System Software
1 220 (22.16%) Docker
2 28 (2.82%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.40%) vSphere
4 2 (0.20%) HDFS
4 2 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.10%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.10%) OpenAM
5 1 (0.10%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 171 (17.22%) Kubernetes
2 91 (9.16%) Terraform
3 83 (8.36%) Ansible
4 51 (5.14%) Puppet
5 26 (2.62%) Netcool
6 24 (2.42%) Kibana
7 14 (1.41%) Grafana
7 14 (1.41%) HP ALM
7 14 (1.41%) HP Quality Center
8 12 (1.21%) logstash
9 11 (1.11%) Opscode Chef
10 9 (0.91%) Graphite
10 9 (0.91%) Istio
11 7 (0.70%) Nagios
12 4 (0.40%) vCenter Server
13 2 (0.20%) CA Service Virtualization
13 2 (0.20%) Prometheus
14 1 (0.10%) Graylog
14 1 (0.10%) HP Fortify
14 1 (0.10%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 93 (9.37%) Microsoft
1 93 (9.37%) Oracle
2 58 (5.84%) Splunk
3 34 (3.42%) AppDynamics
4 29 (2.92%) SAP
5 28 (2.82%) New Relic
6 21 (2.11%) Atlassian
6 21 (2.11%) Google
7 18 (1.81%) Red Hat
8 16 (1.61%) Micro Focus
9 15 (1.51%) Perfecto Mobile
10 14 (1.41%) Salesforce.com
10 14 (1.41%) TIBCO
11 13 (1.31%) HP
11 13 (1.31%) webMethods
12 10 (1.01%) Synopsys
13 8 (0.81%) IBM
14 7 (0.70%) Databricks
15 6 (0.60%) MuleSoft
15 6 (0.60%) VMware