Period
to 23 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 23 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 178 187 247
Rank change year-on-year +9 +60 +4
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 1397 1523 1145
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.43% 1.42% 1.00%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.84% 8.78% 7.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 975 1083 809
UK median daily rate £430 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.18% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £315 £308 £300
90th Percentile £580 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +0.06% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £36.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -44.44% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £36.00 -
% change year-on-year -44.44% - -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 17808 17341 15765
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.19% 16.14% 13.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 12223 11797 10389
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.26%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £600 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 293 264 318
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.25 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +8.55% +1.33%
10th Percentile £30.00 £24.30 £23.23
90th Percentile £61.55 £52.50 £47.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.25 £38.77
% change year-on-year +3.03% +6.40% +3.39%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 23 September 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 1257 £450 +5.88% 149
London +20 743 £475 +5.56% 74
UK excluding London -17 638 £400 +0.06% 78
North of England +23 201 £413 +14.58% 24
South East -44 140 £438 -2.78% 18
Yorkshire +28 101 £425 +16.44% 8
Scotland +15 85 £375 -6.25% 2
North West +6 78 £413 +14.19% 13
South West +18 74 £405 +8.00% 10
Midlands -12 54 £375 - 11
East of England -20 46 £400 -4.48% 12
East Midlands -21 33 £375 -10.71% 7
North East +46 23 £320 -8.57% 3
West Midlands +20 22 £469 +34.04% 4
Wales -26 21 £330 -17.50% 1
Northern Ireland - 19 £415 -

For the 6 months to 23 September 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 980 (70.15%) Java
2 974 (69.72%) Agile Software Development
3 855 (61.20%) Test Automation
4 727 (52.04%) BDD
5 693 (49.61%) Selenium
6 664 (47.53%) TDD
7 548 (39.23%) Jenkins
8 451 (32.28%) Scrum
9 421 (30.14%) JIRA
10 391 (27.99%) Git (software)
11 355 (25.41%) JavaScript
12 337 (24.12%) Spring
13 331 (23.69%) Continuous Integration
14 324 (23.19%) QA
15 322 (23.05%) REST
16 300 (21.47%) SQL
17 272 (19.47%) WebDriver
18 257 (18.40%) Microservices
19 251 (17.97%) Finance
20 246 (17.61%) Docker
21 243 (17.39%) JUnit
22 239 (17.11%) Web Services
23 237 (16.96%) Gherkin
24 232 (16.61%) Confluence
25 224 (16.03%) HTML
26 218 (15.60%) Python
27 210 (15.03%) DevOps
28 209 (14.96%) Linux
29 204 (14.60%) RESTful
30 203 (14.53%) Ruby

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 232 (16.61%) Confluence
2 78 (5.58%) Apache Spark
3 75 (5.37%) WebSphere
4 69 (4.94%) Apache Solr
5 60 (4.29%) Tomcat
6 55 (3.94%) JBoss
7 42 (3.01%) WebLogic
8 38 (2.72%) Apache
9 28 (2.00%) WebSphere Application Server
10 26 (1.86%) Elasticsearch
11 24 (1.72%) WebSphere Process Server
12 19 (1.36%) Cloud Foundry
13 16 (1.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 11 (0.79%) nginx
15 10 (0.72%) Jetty
16 8 (0.57%) Mule
17 7 (0.50%) CMS
18 6 (0.43%) Anypoint
19 4 (0.29%) NServiceBus
19 4 (0.29%) SharePoint
Applications
1 19 (1.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.29%) Mingle
2 4 (0.29%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.14%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 17 (1.22%) Payment Gateway
2 12 (0.86%) Magento
3 3 (0.21%) Endur
4 2 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.072%) ION MarketView
5 1 (0.072%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.072%) SAP PM
Cloud Services
1 170 (12.17%) GitHub
2 145 (10.38%) Amazon AWS
3 30 (2.15%) Microsoft Azure
4 26 (1.86%) Sauce Labs
5 24 (1.72%) SaaS
5 24 (1.72%) Slack
6 21 (1.50%) Amazon EC2
7 19 (1.36%) Amazon S3
7 19 (1.36%) BrowserStack
8 16 (1.15%) AWS CloudFormation
9 14 (1.00%) Cloud Computing
10 13 (0.93%) OpenShift
11 12 (0.86%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 12 (0.86%) npm
12 11 (0.79%) Google Analytics
13 10 (0.72%) PaaS
14 9 (0.64%) AWS Lambda
15 7 (0.50%) Amazon ELB
16 4 (0.29%) IaaS
16 4 (0.29%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 63 (4.51%) Kerberos
2 34 (2.43%) Internet
3 32 (2.29%) HTTP
4 13 (0.93%) SMS
5 10 (0.72%) SSL
6 9 (0.64%) TCP/IP
7 8 (0.57%) FTP
8 7 (0.50%) AMQP
9 6 (0.43%) DSL
9 6 (0.43%) X.509
10 3 (0.21%) PuTTY
10 3 (0.21%) Skype
10 3 (0.21%) WinSCP
11 2 (0.14%) Firewall
11 2 (0.14%) LDAP
12 1 (0.072%) HTTPS
12 1 (0.072%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 131 (9.38%) PostgreSQL
2 127 (9.09%) MongoDB
3 122 (8.73%) Hadoop
4 121 (8.66%) Big Data
5 114 (8.16%) NoSQL
6 103 (7.37%) HBase
7 80 (5.73%) Relational Database
8 75 (5.37%) MySQL
9 41 (2.93%) DB2
10 40 (2.86%) SQL Server
11 39 (2.79%) Redis
12 33 (2.36%) RDBMS
13 22 (1.57%) MarkLogic
14 20 (1.43%) Apache Cassandra
15 17 (1.22%) DB2 UDB
16 15 (1.07%) DataStax
16 15 (1.07%) Oracle Database
17 14 (1.00%) Amazon RDS
18 13 (0.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 13 (0.93%) IBM InfoSphere
Development Applications
1 693 (49.61%) Selenium
2 548 (39.23%) Jenkins
3 421 (30.14%) JIRA
4 391 (27.99%) Git (software)
5 272 (19.47%) WebDriver
6 243 (17.39%) JUnit
7 150 (10.74%) Maven
8 108 (7.73%) JMeter
8 108 (7.73%) Mockito
9 102 (7.30%) Jasmine
10 94 (6.73%) Appium
10 94 (6.73%) SpecFlow
11 86 (6.16%) GitLab
12 77 (5.51%) TeamCity
13 76 (5.44%) SoapUI
14 73 (5.23%) IntelliJ
15 71 (5.08%) JBehave
16 67 (4.80%) Calabash
16 67 (4.80%) Subversion
17 58 (4.15%) Grunt
General
1 251 (17.97%) Finance
2 172 (12.31%) Banking
3 70 (5.01%) Retail
4 60 (4.29%) Games
5 57 (4.08%) Marketing
6 52 (3.72%) Telecoms
7 46 (3.29%) Manufacturing
8 38 (2.72%) Electronics
9 32 (2.29%) Investment Banking
10 25 (1.79%) Back Office
11 24 (1.72%) Publishing
12 15 (1.07%) Front Office
13 13 (0.93%) Advertising
14 10 (0.72%) Corporate Banking
15 7 (0.50%) Automotive
15 7 (0.50%) Retail Banking
16 2 (0.14%) Wholesale Banking
17 1 (0.072%) Legal
17 1 (0.072%) Online Betting
17 1 (0.072%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 551 (39.44%) Developer
2 284 (20.33%) Java Developer
3 282 (20.19%) Tester
4 223 (15.96%) Automation Tester
5 164 (11.74%) Analyst
6 125 (8.95%) Test Engineer
7 124 (8.88%) Test Analyst
8 99 (7.09%) Developer in Test
9 89 (6.37%) Senior Developer
10 75 (5.37%) Java Engineer
11 73 (5.23%) QA Engineer
12 70 (5.01%) Java Automation Tester
13 69 (4.94%) Test Automation Engineer
14 63 (4.51%) Automation Test Analyst
15 62 (4.44%) QA Tester
15 62 (4.44%) Selenium Tester
16 57 (4.08%) Selenium Automation Tester
17 55 (3.94%) Software Developer
18 50 (3.58%) Software Engineer
19 49 (3.51%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 337 (24.12%) Spring
2 322 (23.05%) REST
3 239 (17.11%) Web Services
4 237 (16.96%) Gherkin
5 224 (16.03%) HTML
6 204 (14.60%) RESTful
7 191 (13.67%) AngularJS
8 183 (13.10%) JSON
8 183 (13.10%) Node.js
9 182 (13.03%) CSS
10 160 (11.45%) XML
11 149 (10.67%) SOAP
12 125 (8.95%) Spring Boot
13 124 (8.88%) HTML5
14 117 (8.38%) Hibernate
15 110 (7.87%) Kafka
16 99 (7.09%) .NET
17 90 (6.44%) React
18 85 (6.08%) Apache Camel
19 73 (5.23%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 109 (7.80%) Mobile App
2 94 (6.73%) Analytical Skills
3 56 (4.01%) Greenfield Project
4 55 (3.94%) Computer Science
5 45 (3.22%) Algorithms
6 30 (2.15%) User Experience
7 19 (1.36%) Video on Demand
8 15 (1.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 14 (1.00%) Equities
10 8 (0.57%) Credit Risk
10 8 (0.57%) Linux Command Line
11 7 (0.50%) Fintech
11 7 (0.50%) Minimum Viable Product
11 7 (0.50%) Mobile Banking
11 7 (0.50%) SWIFT
11 7 (0.50%) Virtual Team
12 6 (0.43%) Derivative
12 6 (0.43%) Enterprise Software
12 6 (0.43%) Management Information System
12 6 (0.43%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 209 (14.96%) Linux
2 96 (6.87%) Unix
3 58 (4.15%) Windows
4 57 (4.08%) Android
5 56 (4.01%) Apple iOS
6 47 (3.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 21 (1.50%) Mac OS X
8 11 (0.79%) Ubuntu
9 9 (0.64%) Windows Server
10 8 (0.57%) Solaris
11 6 (0.43%) Debian
12 1 (0.072%) CentOS
12 1 (0.072%) Kali Linux
12 1 (0.072%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 974 (69.72%) Agile Software Development
2 855 (61.20%) Test Automation
3 727 (52.04%) BDD
4 664 (47.53%) TDD
5 451 (32.28%) Scrum
6 331 (23.69%) Continuous Integration
7 257 (18.40%) Microservices
8 210 (15.03%) DevOps
9 158 (11.31%) Kanban
10 148 (10.59%) Open Source
11 136 (9.74%) SDLC
12 135 (9.66%) Test Scripting
13 125 (8.95%) User Stories
14 118 (8.45%) E-Commerce
15 115 (8.23%) Software Engineering
16 113 (8.09%) Performance Testing
17 100 (7.16%) Test Strategy
18 98 (7.02%) MVC
19 93 (6.66%) Functional Testing
20 90 (6.44%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 980 (70.15%) Java
2 355 (25.41%) JavaScript
3 300 (21.47%) SQL
4 218 (15.60%) Python
5 203 (14.53%) Ruby
6 155 (11.10%) C#
7 95 (6.80%) Scala
8 39 (2.79%) PHP
9 38 (2.72%) Apple Swift
9 38 (2.72%) Shell Script
10 36 (2.58%) Groovy
11 34 (2.43%) Bash Shell
12 24 (1.72%) Perl
13 21 (1.50%) C++
14 19 (1.36%) ES6
15 16 (1.15%) VBA
16 14 (1.00%) Objective-C
17 13 (0.93%) ActionScript
17 13 (0.93%) VBScript
18 12 (0.86%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 122 (8.73%) Security Cleared
2 98 (7.02%) SC Cleared
3 78 (5.58%) Degree
4 40 (2.86%) ISEB
5 31 (2.22%) Computer Science Degree
6 28 (2.00%) ISTQB
7 11 (0.79%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 10 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (0.36%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.21%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.14%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.14%) BC Cleared
11 2 (0.14%) CFA
11 2 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
11 2 (0.14%) Master's Degree
12 1 (0.072%) AAT
12 1 (0.072%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 324 (23.19%) QA
2 19 (1.36%) GDPR
2 19 (1.36%) WCAG
3 16 (1.15%) PCI DSS
4 9 (0.64%) MiFID
5 6 (0.43%) WAI
6 3 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.21%) EMIR
7 2 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.072%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.072%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.072%) SEPA
System Software
1 246 (17.61%) Docker
2 68 (4.87%) HDFS
3 55 (3.94%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 9 (0.64%) VirtualBox
5 8 (0.57%) Virtual Servers
6 3 (0.21%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.072%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.072%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 98 (7.02%) Puppet
2 85 (6.08%) Kubernetes
3 82 (5.87%) Ansible
4 58 (4.15%) Terraform
5 49 (3.51%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (2.43%) Kibana
7 27 (1.93%) Grafana
8 18 (1.29%) HP Quality Center
9 12 (0.86%) Business Desktop Deployment
9 12 (0.86%) Prometheus
10 9 (0.64%) logstash
11 7 (0.50%) CA Service Virtualization
12 6 (0.43%) Marathon
12 6 (0.43%) Mesos
13 5 (0.36%) Hadoop YARN
13 5 (0.36%) Rundeck
13 5 (0.36%) ZABBIX
14 4 (0.29%) Ambari
14 4 (0.29%) Cobbler
15 3 (0.21%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 132 (9.45%) Oracle
2 45 (3.22%) IBM
3 42 (3.01%) hybris
4 40 (2.86%) SAP
5 37 (2.65%) Splunk
6 32 (2.29%) HP
7 27 (1.93%) Google
8 25 (1.79%) Atlassian
9 24 (1.72%) Red Hat
10 19 (1.36%) MuleSoft
11 18 (1.29%) AppDynamics
12 17 (1.22%) Xamarin
13 16 (1.15%) Hortonworks
13 16 (1.15%) TIBCO
14 15 (1.07%) Microsoft
15 10 (0.72%) New Relic
15 10 (0.72%) Telerik
16 8 (0.57%) Adobe
16 8 (0.57%) Salesforce.com
17 7 (0.50%) ATG