Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 30 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
30 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 292 234 212
Rank change year-on-year -58 -22 -26
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 782 768 538
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.88% 1.18% 1.31%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.09% 6.65% 7.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 564 536 397
10th Percentile £369 £340 £320
25th Percentile £427 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £514 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +8.16% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £625 £550 £540
90th Percentile £735 £628 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £447 £450
% change year-on-year +6.32% -0.72% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 21 1
10th Percentile £42.00 £36.25 -
25th Percentile £43.75 £40.00 -
Median hourly rate £47.50 £63.00 £58.00
Median % change year-on-year -24.60% +8.62% +404.35%
75th Percentile £65.48 £65.54 -
90th Percentile £65.54 £73.45 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £64.25 £58.00
% change year-on-year -26.07% +10.78% -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 15,361 11,545 7,584
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.35% 17.71% 18.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,758 7,767 5,297
10th Percentile £400 £350 £331
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £650 £588 £588
90th Percentile £750 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 199 199 101
10th Percentile £36.00 £25.50 £19.84
25th Percentile £40.88 £40.00 £38.25
Median hourly rate £52.50 £49.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.16% +5.56%
75th Percentile £65.00 £58.71 £55.00
90th Percentile £75.00 £65.51 £63.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £48.25 £45.91
% change year-on-year +13.99% +5.10% +2.02%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 30 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 30 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 30 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -73 604 £518 +6.15% 125
Work from Home -71 392 £500 +8.11% 62
London -50 385 £575 +12.75% 53
UK excluding London -85 223 £475 +6.32% 86
North of England -55 65 £500 +11.11% 31
South East -34 44 £463 -2.63% 15
Midlands -44 35 £408 +9.40% 8
Scotland -36 34 £500 +19.40% 8
Yorkshire -26 29 £500 +11.11% 11
North West -26 28 £513 +16.48% 12
West Midlands -39 28 £406 +11.99% 7
Wales +1 18 £575 +36.90% 4
South West -41 18 £475 - 16
East of England -23 8 £465 -9.27% 2
North East -24 8 £550 +2.09% 8
East Midlands -15 7 £475 +25.00% 1
Northern Ireland - 1 £475 - 2

For the 6 months to 30 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 555 (70.97%) Java
2 537 (68.67%) Test Automation
3 475 (60.74%) Agile
4 456 (58.31%) Selenium
5 296 (37.85%) Jenkins
5 296 (37.85%) CI/CD
6 275 (35.17%) BDD
7 244 (31.20%) Git (software)
8 242 (30.95%) Microservices
9 239 (30.56%) JIRA
10 231 (29.54%) TDD
11 223 (28.52%) SQL
12 222 (28.39%) QA
13 195 (24.94%) DevOps
14 185 (23.66%) Spring
15 181 (23.15%) JavaScript
16 167 (21.36%) Scrum
17 164 (20.97%) API Testing
17 164 (20.97%) Social Skills
18 156 (19.95%) Maven
19 150 (19.18%) Finance
20 146 (18.67%) REST
21 143 (18.29%) Confluence
21 143 (18.29%) JUnit
22 140 (17.90%) Python
22 140 (17.90%) Docker
23 137 (17.52%) Azure
24 135 (17.26%) RESTful
25 123 (15.73%) Gherkin
26 121 (15.47%) Software Testing

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 143 (18.29%) Confluence
2 18 (2.30%) Apache
3 16 (2.05%) WebLogic
4 10 (1.28%) IIS
5 9 (1.15%) Mule
6 8 (1.02%) JBoss
7 6 (0.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 6 (0.77%) WebSphere
8 5 (0.64%) Drupal
9 4 (0.51%) Tomcat
10 3 (0.38%) nginx
11 2 (0.26%) Anypoint
11 2 (0.26%) Cloud Foundry
11 2 (0.26%) Jetty
11 2 (0.26%) Mendix
11 2 (0.26%) OpenStack
11 2 (0.26%) Red Hat Fuse
12 1 (0.13%) Apache Spark
12 1 (0.13%) Jupyter
12 1 (0.13%) Mattermost
Applications
1 9 (1.15%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.26%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 10 (1.28%) SAP FI-CA
1 10 (1.28%) SAP PSCD
2 3 (0.38%) Finacle
2 3 (0.38%) Oracle Retail
3 2 (0.26%) BondVision
3 2 (0.26%) Oracle Cash Management
3 2 (0.26%) Oracle ERP
3 2 (0.26%) Oracle General Ledger
3 2 (0.26%) Oracle Payables
3 2 (0.26%) Oracle Receivables
3 2 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.13%) Magento
4 1 (0.13%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 1 (0.13%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 137 (17.52%) Azure
2 103 (13.17%) AWS
3 52 (6.65%) Azure DevOps
4 49 (6.27%) GitHub
5 35 (4.48%) Serverless
6 25 (3.20%) Slack
7 24 (3.07%) BrowserStack
8 22 (2.81%) GCP
9 20 (2.56%) Apigee
9 20 (2.56%) OpenShift
10 18 (2.30%) AWS Lambda
10 18 (2.30%) PaaS
11 17 (2.17%) Amazon S3
12 14 (1.79%) Amazon EC2
12 14 (1.79%) Amazon SQS
13 13 (1.66%) IaaS
14 12 (1.53%) AWS CodePipeline
15 11 (1.41%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 9 (1.15%) AWS Fargate
16 9 (1.15%) Tricentis Tosca
Communications & Networking
1 26 (3.32%) HTTP
2 14 (1.79%) TCP/IP
3 13 (1.66%) HTTPS
4 12 (1.53%) Firewall
5 6 (0.77%) Kerberos
6 5 (0.64%) LAN
7 4 (0.51%) Broadband
7 4 (0.51%) WinSCP
8 3 (0.38%) SNMP
8 3 (0.38%) SSL
8 3 (0.38%) Wireshark
9 1 (0.13%) DHCP
9 1 (0.13%) Intranet
9 1 (0.13%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (9.59%) NoSQL
2 58 (7.42%) MongoDB
3 48 (6.14%) SQL Server
4 40 (5.12%) PostgreSQL
5 26 (3.32%) Relational Database
6 22 (2.81%) MySQL
7 21 (2.69%) Redis
8 18 (2.30%) Oracle Database
9 17 (2.17%) DB2
10 16 (2.05%) DynamoDB
11 14 (1.79%) Big Data
11 14 (1.79%) Data Warehouse
11 14 (1.79%) Hazelcast
12 13 (1.66%) Data Mining
13 11 (1.41%) Data Mart
14 7 (0.90%) Elasticsearch
14 7 (0.90%) MS Access
15 6 (0.77%) MariaDB
15 6 (0.77%) RDBMS
16 4 (0.51%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 456 (58.31%) Selenium
2 296 (37.85%) Jenkins
3 244 (31.20%) Git (software)
4 239 (30.56%) JIRA
5 156 (19.95%) Maven
6 143 (18.29%) JUnit
7 119 (15.22%) REST Assured
8 114 (14.58%) Postman
9 91 (11.64%) JMeter
10 86 (11.00%) WebDriver
11 65 (8.31%) SoapUI
12 59 (7.54%) GitLab
13 48 (6.14%) Appium
14 46 (5.88%) SpecFlow
15 44 (5.63%) Bitbucket
16 43 (5.50%) Mockito
17 40 (5.12%) Cypress.io
17 40 (5.12%) Gradle
18 38 (4.86%) TeamCity
19 36 (4.60%) RSpec
General
1 164 (20.97%) Social Skills
2 150 (19.18%) Finance
3 116 (14.83%) Banking
4 88 (11.25%) Public Sector
5 54 (6.91%) Analytical Skills
6 39 (4.99%) Front Office
7 31 (3.96%) Retail Banking
8 18 (2.30%) Games
9 16 (2.05%) Investment Banking
10 13 (1.66%) Retail
11 11 (1.41%) Financial Institution
12 8 (1.02%) Documentation Skills
12 8 (1.02%) Influencing Skills
13 7 (0.90%) Back Office
14 6 (0.77%) Legal
15 5 (0.64%) Law
15 5 (0.64%) Marketing
16 4 (0.51%) Automotive
16 4 (0.51%) Presentation Skills
16 4 (0.51%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 236 (30.18%) Developer
2 153 (19.57%) Tester
3 139 (17.77%) Java Developer
4 114 (14.58%) Automation Tester
5 106 (13.55%) Test Engineer
6 62 (7.93%) Analyst
6 62 (7.93%) Test Automation Engineer
7 58 (7.42%) Senior Developer
8 50 (6.39%) Test Analyst
9 46 (5.88%) QA Engineer
10 43 (5.50%) Software Developer
11 35 (4.48%) Developer in Test
12 26 (3.32%) Automation Engineer
12 26 (3.32%) Java Engineer
12 26 (3.32%) Senior Java Developer
13 22 (2.81%) Architect
14 21 (2.69%) .NET Developer
15 20 (2.56%) DevOps Engineer
16 18 (2.30%) QA Tester
17 17 (2.17%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 185 (23.66%) Spring
2 146 (18.67%) REST
3 135 (17.26%) RESTful
4 123 (15.73%) Gherkin
5 89 (11.38%) Web Services
6 88 (11.25%) Spring Boot
7 84 (10.74%) SOAP
8 82 (10.49%) JSON
9 73 (9.34%) Node.js
10 70 (8.95%) HTML
11 69 (8.82%) React
12 67 (8.57%) .NET
13 63 (8.06%) WireMock
14 58 (7.42%) XML
15 50 (6.39%) Hibernate
16 44 (5.63%) AngularJS
16 44 (5.63%) CSS
17 41 (5.24%) JPA
18 37 (4.73%) HTML5
18 37 (4.73%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 29 (3.71%) Mobile App
2 28 (3.58%) Greenfield Project
3 22 (2.81%) Cloud Native
4 18 (2.30%) User Experience
5 16 (2.05%) Data Protection Act
5 16 (2.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 16 (2.05%) Management Information System
6 15 (1.92%) Self-Motivation
7 14 (1.79%) Virtual Team
8 13 (1.66%) W3C
9 10 (1.28%) Enterprise Software
9 10 (1.28%) Public Cloud
10 7 (0.90%) Data Structures
10 7 (0.90%) Fixed Income
10 7 (0.90%) Legacy Systems
11 6 (0.77%) NHS
11 6 (0.77%) Replication
11 6 (0.77%) Social Media
12 5 (0.64%) Legacy Applications
12 5 (0.64%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 73 (9.34%) Linux
2 51 (6.52%) Windows
3 47 (6.01%) Unix
4 16 (2.05%) Android
5 13 (1.66%) Apple iOS
6 6 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (0.77%) Ubuntu
7 5 (0.64%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.38%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.38%) Solaris
9 1 (0.13%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 537 (68.67%) Test Automation
2 475 (60.74%) Agile
3 296 (37.85%) CI/CD
4 275 (35.17%) BDD
5 242 (30.95%) Microservices
6 231 (29.54%) TDD
7 195 (24.94%) DevOps
8 167 (21.36%) Scrum
9 164 (20.97%) API Testing
10 121 (15.47%) Software Testing
11 118 (15.09%) Continuous Integration
12 105 (13.43%) Continuous Delivery
13 99 (12.66%) Test Strategy
14 92 (11.76%) SDET
15 84 (10.74%) Test Scripting
16 73 (9.34%) Continuous Improvement
17 68 (8.70%) Regression Testing
17 68 (8.70%) User Stories
18 66 (8.44%) Integration Testing
19 65 (8.31%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 555 (70.97%) Java
2 223 (28.52%) SQL
3 181 (23.15%) JavaScript
4 140 (17.90%) Python
5 84 (10.74%) C#
6 44 (5.63%) Scala
7 38 (4.86%) TypeScript
8 33 (4.22%) Groovy
9 29 (3.71%) PL/SQL
10 24 (3.07%) Go
10 24 (3.07%) Ruby
11 23 (2.94%) Shell Script
12 14 (1.79%) Bash
12 14 (1.79%) PowerShell
13 9 (1.15%) ES6
14 7 (0.90%) C++
14 7 (0.90%) Kotlin
14 7 (0.90%) Perl
14 7 (0.90%) VBScript
15 5 (0.64%) PHP
Qualifications
1 99 (12.66%) Security Cleared
2 89 (11.38%) SC Cleared
3 45 (5.75%) ISTQB
4 26 (3.32%) Degree
5 23 (2.94%) ISEB
5 23 (2.94%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 21 (2.69%) Computer Science Degree
7 18 (2.30%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (1.02%) DV Cleared
9 5 (0.64%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.38%) ITIL Certification
10 3 (0.38%) PMI Certification
10 3 (0.38%) PMP
11 1 (0.13%) CISM
11 1 (0.13%) CISSP
11 1 (0.13%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 222 (28.39%) QA
2 80 (10.23%) Accessibility
3 27 (3.45%) WCAG
4 4 (0.51%) GDPR
5 3 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.38%) PMO
6 2 (0.26%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.13%) WAI
System Software
1 140 (17.90%) Docker
2 20 (2.56%) Active Directory
3 8 (1.02%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (0.90%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.77%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.13%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 119 (15.22%) Kubernetes
2 62 (7.93%) Terraform
3 53 (6.78%) Ansible
4 42 (5.37%) Puppet
5 12 (1.53%) HP ALM
6 8 (1.02%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (0.90%) Netcool
8 6 (0.77%) Control-M
8 6 (0.77%) HP Quality Center
8 6 (0.77%) IBM Guardium
9 5 (0.64%) Kibana
9 5 (0.64%) Rancher
10 4 (0.51%) Grafana
11 3 (0.38%) HP SiteScope
12 2 (0.26%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 2 (0.26%) Consul
12 2 (0.26%) Prometheus
13 1 (0.13%) Istio
13 1 (0.13%) Kiali
13 1 (0.13%) Kustomize
Vendors
1 114 (14.58%) Oracle
2 55 (7.03%) Microsoft
3 40 (5.12%) Splunk
4 28 (3.58%) AppDynamics
5 20 (2.56%) Google
5 20 (2.56%) TIBCO
6 18 (2.30%) Mercator
7 16 (2.05%) SAP
8 13 (1.66%) Atlassian
9 11 (1.41%) HP
9 11 (1.41%) Red Hat
10 9 (1.15%) Databricks
10 9 (1.15%) IBM
10 9 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
10 9 (1.15%) ServiceNow
11 8 (1.02%) New Relic
11 8 (1.02%) webMethods
12 7 (0.90%) Adobe
12 7 (0.90%) Cadence
12 7 (0.90%) VMware