Period
to 26 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 26 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
26 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 202 206 145
Rank change year-on-year +4 -61 +40
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 432 1,136 1,967
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.34% 1.35% 1.90%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.52% 7.63% 9.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 349 779 1,359
Median daily rate £450 £450 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -2.70% +5.71%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
90th Percentile £576 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +5.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 5 3
Median hourly rate £36.75 £35.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +55.56% +12.50%
10th Percentile £35.18 £28.40 £21.15
90th Percentile £39.73 £57.80 £34.85
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £29.50 £22.50
% change year-on-year - +31.11% +12.50%

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 5,741 14,892 21,770
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.85% 17.66% 21.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,700 9,758 14,955
Median daily rate £485 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.11% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £315 £325 £325
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 117 233 223
Median hourly rate £42.25 £44.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.98% +3.53% -
10th Percentile £33.00 £24.07 £25.62
90th Percentile £58.10 £57.50 £52.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% -

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 26 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cucumber.

Hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 26 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 385 £450 - 99
London +48 204 £468 -2.09% 50
UK excluding London +9 194 £450 +5.88% 54
Work from Home -55 69 £450 -10.00% 13
North of England +46 68 £475 +18.75% 20
Midlands +82 49 £432 +1.65% 5
North West +81 42 £460 +8.24% 5
West Midlands +70 36 £430 -1.71% 4
South East +29 32 £450 -2.17% 13
East of England +84 17 £450 +5.88% 2
North East +10 17 £475 +30.14% 9
East Midlands +29 13 £468 +20.65% 1
Scotland +11 13 £378 -3.21% 4
South West +2 12 £450 -2.70% 8
Yorkshire +22 9 £475 +18.75% 6
Northern Ireland - 2 £451 -
Wales +24 1 - - 3

For the 6 months to 26 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 315 (72.92%) Test Automation
2 302 (69.91%) Java
2 302 (69.91%) Agile Software Development
3 242 (56.02%) Selenium
4 228 (52.78%) BDD
5 197 (45.60%) Jenkins
6 152 (35.19%) TDD
7 149 (34.49%) JIRA
8 146 (33.80%) DevOps
9 136 (31.48%) Microservices
10 123 (28.47%) Security Cleared
11 122 (28.24%) SQL
12 120 (27.78%) Git (software)
13 112 (25.93%) REST
14 107 (24.77%) Continuous Integration
15 104 (24.07%) Gherkin
16 102 (23.61%) Scrum
17 101 (23.38%) AWS
18 98 (22.69%) SC Cleared
19 89 (20.60%) JavaScript
20 88 (20.37%) Spring
21 87 (20.14%) JUnit
22 85 (19.68%) QA
23 76 (17.59%) Test Scripting
24 73 (16.90%) JMeter
24 73 (16.90%) SOAP
24 73 (16.90%) API Testing
25 69 (15.97%) Oracle
26 68 (15.74%) Docker
27 67 (15.51%) Linux

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 66 (15.28%) Confluence
2 35 (8.10%) WebLogic
3 25 (5.79%) Mule
4 18 (4.17%) Elasticsearch
5 17 (3.94%) JBoss
6 12 (2.78%) Red Hat Fuse
7 8 (1.85%) Tomcat
7 8 (1.85%) WebSphere
8 7 (1.62%) Apache Spark
9 6 (1.39%) SharePoint
10 5 (1.16%) Jetty
10 5 (1.16%) MQSeries
10 5 (1.16%) Oracle Self-Service HR
11 4 (0.93%) Anypoint
12 3 (0.69%) Apache
12 3 (0.69%) CMS
13 2 (0.46%) Alfresco
13 2 (0.46%) Documentum
13 2 (0.46%) IIS
13 2 (0.46%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 17 (3.94%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 12 (2.78%) SAP FI-CA
1 12 (2.78%) Teamcenter
2 9 (2.08%) ION MarketView
3 5 (1.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 4 (0.93%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.69%) Distributed Ledger
6 2 (0.46%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.23%) Exstream
7 1 (0.23%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 101 (23.38%) AWS
2 37 (8.56%) Azure
3 23 (5.32%) GitHub
4 20 (4.63%) BrowserStack
5 16 (3.70%) OpenShift
6 13 (3.01%) GCP
7 12 (2.78%) SaaS
8 11 (2.55%) Slack
8 11 (2.55%) Tricentis Tosca
9 8 (1.85%) IaaS
9 8 (1.85%) Serverless
10 6 (1.39%) Amazon EC2
10 6 (1.39%) Apigee
10 6 (1.39%) BlazeMeter
10 6 (1.39%) Google Analytics
11 5 (1.16%) Firebase
11 5 (1.16%) Office 365
11 5 (1.16%) Sauce Labs
12 3 (0.69%) Amazon EKS
12 3 (0.69%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 19 (4.40%) HTTP
2 8 (1.85%) Internet
2 8 (1.85%) TCP/IP
3 7 (1.62%) SSL
4 6 (1.39%) SSH
5 5 (1.16%) DSL
5 5 (1.16%) FTP
6 2 (0.46%) Kerberos
6 2 (0.46%) SMS
7 1 (0.23%) Skype
7 1 (0.23%) WinSCP
7 1 (0.23%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (8.80%) MySQL
2 35 (8.10%) MongoDB
3 28 (6.48%) SQL Server
4 23 (5.32%) Hadoop
5 22 (5.09%) NoSQL
6 20 (4.63%) Oracle Database
7 15 (3.47%) PostgreSQL
7 15 (3.47%) Relational Database
8 12 (2.78%) Apache Hive
9 9 (2.08%) Apache Cassandra
9 9 (2.08%) DB2
10 6 (1.39%) BigQuery
11 4 (0.93%) ZAP BI
12 3 (0.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 3 (0.69%) Oracle Reports
12 3 (0.69%) Redis
13 2 (0.46%) Data Warehouse
13 2 (0.46%) MariaDB
13 2 (0.46%) OrientDB
13 2 (0.46%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 242 (56.02%) Selenium
2 197 (45.60%) Jenkins
3 149 (34.49%) JIRA
4 120 (27.78%) Git (software)
5 87 (20.14%) JUnit
6 73 (16.90%) JMeter
7 65 (15.05%) Maven
7 65 (15.05%) SoapUI
8 54 (12.50%) REST Assured
9 50 (11.57%) GitLab
10 48 (11.11%) Postman
11 47 (10.88%) WebDriver
12 38 (8.80%) Cypress.io
13 32 (7.41%) Jasmine
14 27 (6.25%) eggPlant
14 27 (6.25%) Toad
15 24 (5.56%) Gatling
16 23 (5.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 23 (5.32%) SpecFlow
17 19 (4.40%) Subversion
General
1 67 (15.51%) Public Sector
2 63 (14.58%) Finance
3 61 (14.12%) Banking
4 19 (4.40%) Investment Banking
5 11 (2.55%) Retail Banking
6 7 (1.62%) Retail
7 5 (1.16%) Financial Institution
8 4 (0.93%) Corporate Banking
9 3 (0.69%) Front Office
10 2 (0.46%) Automotive
10 2 (0.46%) Marketing
10 2 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.23%) Games
11 1 (0.23%) German Language
11 1 (0.23%) Law
11 1 (0.23%) Legal
11 1 (0.23%) Police
11 1 (0.23%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 107 (24.77%) Developer
2 93 (21.53%) Tester
3 74 (17.13%) Test Engineer
4 67 (15.51%) Java Developer
5 63 (14.58%) Automation Tester
6 47 (10.88%) Test Automation Engineer
7 35 (8.10%) Analyst
8 32 (7.41%) Java Engineer
9 31 (7.18%) Test Analyst
10 27 (6.25%) QA Engineer
11 26 (6.02%) Software Engineer
12 18 (4.17%) Senior Developer
13 17 (3.94%) Developer in Test
13 17 (3.94%) Senior Tester
14 16 (3.70%) Software Test Engineer
15 15 (3.47%) Architect
15 15 (3.47%) Automation Engineer
15 15 (3.47%) QA Automation Engineer
15 15 (3.47%) QA Tester
15 15 (3.47%) Senior Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 112 (25.93%) REST
2 104 (24.07%) Gherkin
3 88 (20.37%) Spring
4 73 (16.90%) SOAP
5 65 (15.05%) Web Services
6 64 (14.81%) XML
7 51 (11.81%) JSON
8 42 (9.72%) Spring Boot
9 37 (8.56%) RESTful
10 32 (7.41%) HTML
11 31 (7.18%) CSS
11 31 (7.18%) Node.js
12 30 (6.94%) AngularJS
13 23 (5.32%) RabbitMQ
14 22 (5.09%) WireMock
15 20 (4.63%) Jest
15 20 (4.63%) Kafka
15 20 (4.63%) WebdriverIO
16 19 (4.40%) JMS
17 16 (3.70%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 25 (5.79%) Mobile App
2 17 (3.94%) Analytical Skills
2 17 (3.94%) Public Cloud
3 16 (3.70%) Fixed Income
4 9 (2.08%) Derivative
5 8 (1.85%) User Experience
6 7 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
7 6 (1.39%) Algorithms
8 5 (1.16%) Virtual Team
9 4 (0.93%) Clustering
9 4 (0.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 4 (0.93%) Greenfield Project
9 4 (0.93%) SWIFT
10 3 (0.69%) Equities
10 3 (0.69%) Mobile Banking
10 3 (0.69%) NHS
10 3 (0.69%) Online Banking
11 2 (0.46%) Equity Derivative
11 2 (0.46%) Smart Meter
11 2 (0.46%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 67 (15.51%) Linux
2 53 (12.27%) Unix
3 40 (9.26%) Windows
4 15 (3.47%) Android
5 12 (2.78%) Apple iOS
6 9 (2.08%) CentOS
7 6 (1.39%) Mac OS X
7 6 (1.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 5 (1.16%) Debian
8 5 (1.16%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.69%) Fedora
10 1 (0.23%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.23%) Solaris
10 1 (0.23%) Tizen
10 1 (0.23%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 315 (72.92%) Test Automation
2 302 (69.91%) Agile Software Development
3 228 (52.78%) BDD
4 152 (35.19%) TDD
5 146 (33.80%) DevOps
6 136 (31.48%) Microservices
7 107 (24.77%) Continuous Integration
8 102 (23.61%) Scrum
9 76 (17.59%) Test Scripting
10 73 (16.90%) API Testing
11 59 (13.66%) Integration Testing
12 58 (13.43%) Continuous Delivery
13 53 (12.27%) Regression Testing
13 53 (12.27%) Scenario Testing
14 42 (9.72%) Non-Functional Testing
14 42 (9.72%) User Stories
15 41 (9.49%) Test Strategy
16 40 (9.26%) Performance Testing
17 39 (9.03%) Software Engineering
18 37 (8.56%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 302 (69.91%) Java
2 122 (28.24%) SQL
3 89 (20.60%) JavaScript
4 67 (15.51%) Python
5 26 (6.02%) C#
6 25 (5.79%) Java 8
7 21 (4.86%) PL/SQL
8 19 (4.40%) Shell Script
9 18 (4.17%) Ruby
9 18 (4.17%) Scala
10 15 (3.47%) Groovy
10 15 (3.47%) Kotlin
11 14 (3.24%) Perl
12 11 (2.55%) TypeScript
13 8 (1.85%) Bash Shell
13 8 (1.85%) T-SQL
14 6 (1.39%) PowerShell
15 5 (1.16%) Clojure
15 5 (1.16%) ClojureScript
15 5 (1.16%) Go
Qualifications
1 123 (28.47%) Security Cleared
2 98 (22.69%) SC Cleared
3 53 (12.27%) ISTQB
4 48 (11.11%) ISEB
5 32 (7.41%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 9 (2.08%) Degree
7 8 (1.85%) BPSS Clearance
8 7 (1.62%) TOGAF Certification
9 5 (1.16%) Computer Science Degree
9 5 (1.16%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.46%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 1 (0.23%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.23%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 85 (19.68%) QA
2 8 (1.85%) WCAG
3 5 (1.16%) TARGET2
4 4 (0.93%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.69%) PSD2
6 2 (0.46%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.23%) SEPA
System Software
1 68 (15.74%) Docker
2 11 (2.55%) HDFS
3 2 (0.46%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 64 (14.81%) Kubernetes
2 33 (7.64%) Terraform
3 24 (5.56%) Ansible
4 15 (3.47%) HP ALM
5 13 (3.01%) HP Quality Center
6 11 (2.55%) Puppet
7 9 (2.08%) Rancher
8 8 (1.85%) Grafana
8 8 (1.85%) Kibana
9 5 (1.16%) Rundeck
9 5 (1.16%) Salt
10 2 (0.46%) Nessus
10 2 (0.46%) Opscode Chef
11 1 (0.23%) Giant Swarm
11 1 (0.23%) HP Fortify
11 1 (0.23%) Istio
11 1 (0.23%) Prometheus
11 1 (0.23%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 69 (15.97%) Oracle
2 21 (4.86%) Microsoft
2 21 (4.86%) SAP
3 19 (4.40%) MuleSoft
4 16 (3.70%) Google
4 16 (3.70%) HP
5 14 (3.24%) webMethods
6 13 (3.01%) Sybase
7 11 (2.55%) Splunk
8 10 (2.31%) Atlassian
8 10 (2.31%) Red Hat
9 9 (2.08%) ION Trading
10 8 (1.85%) IBM
11 7 (1.62%) Murex
12 5 (1.16%) Ariba
12 5 (1.16%) Axway
12 5 (1.16%) Hortonworks
12 5 (1.16%) Pega
12 5 (1.16%) Sonatype
12 5 (1.16%) Sparx