Period
to 22 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cucumber skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cucumber over the 6 months to 22 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cucumber
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 213 141 170
Rank change year-on-year -72 +29 -5
Contract jobs citing Cucumber 919 1,927 1,581
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.27% 1.93% 1.59%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.40% 8.99% 8.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 638 1,280 1,171
UK median daily rate £463 £468 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.07% +3.89% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £338 £325
90th Percentile £610 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £431 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +1.41% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 1
UK median hourly rate £48.50 £35.00 £70.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +38.57% -50.35% +118.60%
10th Percentile £28.90 £35.00 £70.25
90th Percentile £68.10 £35.00 £70.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 - -

Cucumber is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 12,413 21,438 18,469
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.09% 21.51% 18.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,208 14,613 12,949
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £455
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.40% +7.06%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £433 £415
% change year-on-year +4.05% +4.22% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 196 258 233
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £43.25 £43.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.73% -0.57% +6.10%
10th Percentile £16.50 £32.85 £29.00
90th Percentile £68.88 £54.13 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.25 £43.50 £44.00
% change year-on-year -5.17% -1.14% +10.00%

Cucumber
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cucumber as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 22 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cucumber over the 6 months to 22 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cucumber in the UK

Cucumber
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cucumber within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -62 845 £475 - 241
UK excluding London -37 540 £431 +1.41% 175
London -84 364 £500 - 86
South East -2 153 £517 +16.24% 44
South West +8 128 £475 +7.95% 43
North of England -12 114 £398 -11.67% 44
Midlands -50 66 £425 - 14
West Midlands -35 51 £433 -0.52% 5
North East +16 46 £400 -11.11% 6
Scotland -14 40 £375 -0.66% 6
Yorkshire 0 39 £375 -21.05% 19
North West -10 30 £425 - 19
East of England +26 19 £413 - 10
Wales -1 19 £363 -13.43% 13
East Midlands +3 15 £400 -0.12% 9
Northern Ireland -11 2 £431 +4.61% 2

For the 6 months to 22 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cucumber also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cucumber.

1 619 (67.36%) Agile Software Development
2 596 (64.85%) Test Automation
3 591 (64.31%) Selenium
4 542 (58.98%) Java
5 358 (38.96%) Jenkins
6 320 (34.82%) JavaScript
7 316 (34.39%) BDD
8 221 (24.05%) Continuous Integration
9 213 (23.18%) JIRA
10 212 (23.07%) DevOps
11 211 (22.96%) SQL
12 206 (22.42%) TDD
13 205 (22.31%) Git (software)
14 203 (22.09%) QA
14 203 (22.09%) Scrum
15 197 (21.44%) Gherkin
16 174 (18.93%) JUnit
17 166 (18.06%) Spring
18 159 (17.30%) Docker
19 157 (17.08%) Microservices
20 149 (16.21%) C#
21 142 (15.45%) Security Cleared
22 141 (15.34%) AWS
23 139 (15.13%) Node.js
24 136 (14.80%) WebDriver
24 136 (14.80%) XML
25 134 (14.58%) GitHub
26 133 (14.47%) RESTful
27 132 (14.36%) Confluence
27 132 (14.36%) REST

Cucumber
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 132 (14.36%) Confluence
2 47 (5.11%) Tomcat
3 44 (4.79%) Apache
4 29 (3.16%) Elasticsearch
5 25 (2.72%) WebLogic
6 24 (2.61%) nginx
7 22 (2.39%) JBoss
8 17 (1.85%) WebSphere
9 13 (1.41%) Apache Spark
10 8 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
10 8 (0.87%) CMS
10 8 (0.87%) IIS
10 8 (0.87%) Mule
11 6 (0.65%) Jetty
11 6 (0.65%) SAS
12 5 (0.54%) GemFire
13 4 (0.44%) Oracle Workflow
14 3 (0.33%) Alfresco
14 3 (0.33%) OpenStack
14 3 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 18 (1.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.22%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.11%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 5 (0.54%) Dynamics CRM
1 5 (0.54%) Oracle BPM
1 5 (0.54%) Oracle Cash Management
2 3 (0.33%) SAP FI-CA
2 3 (0.33%) SAP PSCD
3 2 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.22%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.11%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 141 (15.34%) AWS
2 134 (14.58%) GitHub
3 92 (10.01%) Azure
4 35 (3.81%) Google Analytics
5 26 (2.83%) Serverless
6 23 (2.50%) BrowserStack
6 23 (2.50%) GCP
6 23 (2.50%) OpenShift
7 19 (2.07%) AWS Lambda
8 18 (1.96%) PaaS
9 17 (1.85%) Amazon EC2
10 16 (1.74%) Amazon S3
11 10 (1.09%) BlazeMeter
11 10 (1.09%) SaaS
12 9 (0.98%) Amazon ECS
12 9 (0.98%) Slack
13 8 (0.87%) AWS CloudFormation
13 8 (0.87%) IaaS
14 7 (0.76%) Azure Data Factory
15 6 (0.65%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 50 (5.44%) HTTP
2 38 (4.13%) TCP/IP
3 37 (4.03%) SSL
4 13 (1.41%) DSL
5 8 (0.87%) Wireshark
6 7 (0.76%) Firewall
7 4 (0.44%) Internet
8 3 (0.33%) AMQP
8 3 (0.33%) FTP
9 2 (0.22%) BIG-IP
9 2 (0.22%) DHCP
9 2 (0.22%) LAN
9 2 (0.22%) NetScaler
9 2 (0.22%) WAN
10 1 (0.11%) PuTTY
Database & Business Intelligence
1 98 (10.66%) MongoDB
2 64 (6.96%) SQL Server
3 57 (6.20%) NoSQL
4 52 (5.66%) Relational Database
5 42 (4.57%) PostgreSQL
6 33 (3.59%) MySQL
7 29 (3.16%) RDBMS
8 27 (2.94%) Big Data
9 20 (2.18%) DB2
10 19 (2.07%) Hadoop
11 13 (1.41%) Apache Cassandra
12 12 (1.31%) Oracle Database
13 11 (1.20%) Data Warehouse
14 10 (1.09%) Pentaho
15 9 (0.98%) Redis
16 7 (0.76%) Amazon RDS
16 7 (0.76%) Data Lake
17 6 (0.65%) Couchbase
18 5 (0.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 5 (0.54%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 591 (64.31%) Selenium
2 358 (38.96%) Jenkins
3 213 (23.18%) JIRA
4 205 (22.31%) Git (software)
5 174 (18.93%) JUnit
6 136 (14.80%) WebDriver
7 116 (12.62%) Maven
8 100 (10.88%) Gatling
9 93 (10.12%) Mockito
10 77 (8.38%) JMeter
11 59 (6.42%) SpecFlow
12 58 (6.31%) SoapUI
13 57 (6.20%) Postman
14 46 (5.01%) Bitbucket
14 46 (5.01%) Visual Studio
15 45 (4.90%) Mocha
16 41 (4.46%) Gradle
17 40 (4.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 40 (4.35%) REST Assured
18 34 (3.70%) GitLab
General
1 126 (13.71%) Finance
2 69 (7.51%) Public Sector
3 68 (7.40%) Banking
4 42 (4.57%) Retail
5 16 (1.74%) Front Office
6 10 (1.09%) Telecoms
7 8 (0.87%) Investment Banking
8 6 (0.65%) Law
9 4 (0.44%) Advertising
9 4 (0.44%) Games
10 3 (0.33%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.33%) Marketing
10 3 (0.33%) Police
10 3 (0.33%) Retail Banking
11 2 (0.22%) Automotive
11 2 (0.22%) Publishing
12 1 (0.11%) Corporate Banking
12 1 (0.11%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 309 (33.62%) Developer
2 170 (18.50%) Tester
3 150 (16.32%) Java Developer
4 135 (14.69%) Analyst
5 128 (13.93%) Automation Tester
6 122 (13.28%) Test Analyst
7 115 (12.51%) Test Engineer
8 65 (7.07%) Automation Test Analyst
9 61 (6.64%) Test Automation Engineer
10 49 (5.33%) Java Engineer
11 43 (4.68%) QA Engineer
12 42 (4.57%) Senior Developer
13 39 (4.24%) Developer in Test
14 38 (4.13%) QA Analyst
15 36 (3.92%) Full Stack Developer
15 36 (3.92%) Software Engineer
16 35 (3.81%) DevOps Engineer
16 35 (3.81%) Test Leader
17 32 (3.48%) QA Test Analyst
18 26 (2.83%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 197 (21.44%) Gherkin
2 166 (18.06%) Spring
3 139 (15.13%) Node.js
4 136 (14.80%) XML
5 133 (14.47%) RESTful
6 132 (14.36%) REST
7 127 (13.82%) HTML
8 118 (12.84%) CSS
8 118 (12.84%) JSON
9 117 (12.73%) Web Services
10 109 (11.86%) AngularJS
11 82 (8.92%) .NET
12 80 (8.71%) React
13 71 (7.73%) SOAP
14 68 (7.40%) Spring Boot
15 65 (7.07%) HTML5
16 54 (5.88%) Hibernate
17 37 (4.03%) CSS3
17 37 (4.03%) Play Framework
18 36 (3.92%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 57 (6.20%) Analytical Skills
2 28 (3.05%) User Experience
3 26 (2.83%) Mobile App
4 16 (1.74%) Greenfield Project
5 13 (1.41%) Linux Command Line
6 11 (1.20%) Virtual Team
7 9 (0.98%) Cyberthreat
8 7 (0.76%) Enterprise Software
8 7 (0.76%) Fixed Income
8 7 (0.76%) iPad
8 7 (0.76%) Mobile Banking
9 6 (0.65%) Algorithms
9 6 (0.65%) Derivative
9 6 (0.65%) Robotics
10 5 (0.54%) Cloud Native
10 5 (0.54%) Public Cloud
10 5 (0.54%) Self-Motivation
10 5 (0.54%) Xbox
11 4 (0.44%) Digital Media
11 4 (0.44%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 87 (9.47%) Linux
1 87 (9.47%) Unix
2 73 (7.94%) Windows
3 29 (3.16%) Android
4 24 (2.61%) Ubuntu
5 20 (2.18%) Apple iOS
6 18 (1.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (0.76%) CentOS
7 7 (0.76%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.44%) Solaris
9 2 (0.22%) Debian
10 1 (0.11%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.11%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 619 (67.36%) Agile Software Development
2 596 (64.85%) Test Automation
3 316 (34.39%) BDD
4 221 (24.05%) Continuous Integration
5 212 (23.07%) DevOps
6 206 (22.42%) TDD
7 203 (22.09%) Scrum
8 157 (17.08%) Microservices
9 100 (10.88%) API Testing
9 100 (10.88%) Kanban
10 97 (10.55%) Test Scripting
11 94 (10.23%) Open Source
12 92 (10.01%) Problem-Solving
13 88 (9.58%) Software Engineering
14 78 (8.49%) Performance Testing
15 74 (8.05%) User Stories
16 69 (7.51%) Scenario Testing
17 68 (7.40%) Continuous Delivery
17 68 (7.40%) Continuous Improvement
18 64 (6.96%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 542 (58.98%) Java
2 320 (34.82%) JavaScript
3 211 (22.96%) SQL
4 149 (16.21%) C#
5 102 (11.10%) Scala
6 101 (10.99%) Python
7 97 (10.55%) Java 8
8 71 (7.73%) Ruby
9 60 (6.53%) Groovy
10 42 (4.57%) TypeScript
11 27 (2.94%) Kotlin
12 26 (2.83%) Shell Script
13 25 (2.72%) C
14 24 (2.61%) Perl
15 20 (2.18%) PL/SQL
16 14 (1.52%) Haskell
17 13 (1.41%) Go
18 11 (1.20%) ES6
19 10 (1.09%) C++
20 9 (0.98%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 142 (15.45%) Security Cleared
2 95 (10.34%) SC Cleared
3 93 (10.12%) ISTQB
4 77 (8.38%) ISEB
5 37 (4.03%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 36 (3.92%) DV Cleared
7 34 (3.70%) Degree
8 12 (1.31%) Computer Science Degree
9 10 (1.09%) BPSS Clearance
10 8 (0.87%) Master's Degree
11 5 (0.54%) BC Cleared
12 4 (0.44%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 3 (0.33%) DBS Check
14 2 (0.22%) ISEB Practitioner
14 2 (0.22%) Sun Certification
15 1 (0.11%) CSPO
15 1 (0.11%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 203 (22.09%) QA
2 25 (2.72%) WCAG
3 3 (0.33%) SLA
4 2 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.11%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.11%) PMO
System Software
1 159 (17.30%) Docker
2 12 (1.31%) VMware Infrastructure
3 11 (1.20%) HDFS
4 8 (0.87%) vSphere
5 3 (0.33%) KVM
5 3 (0.33%) oVirt
6 2 (0.22%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 97 (10.55%) Kubernetes
2 51 (5.55%) Ansible
3 48 (5.22%) Kibana
4 41 (4.46%) Terraform
5 38 (4.13%) Puppet
6 37 (4.03%) Grafana
7 19 (2.07%) Opscode Chef
8 9 (0.98%) HP Quality Center
9 5 (0.54%) logstash
9 5 (0.54%) Nagios
9 5 (0.54%) NetIQ Identity Manager
9 5 (0.54%) Oracle Identity Manager
10 3 (0.33%) Graphite
10 3 (0.33%) Pingdom
10 3 (0.33%) Rundeck
10 3 (0.33%) ZABBIX
11 2 (0.22%) CA Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.22%) Docker Swarm
11 2 (0.22%) Nessus
11 2 (0.22%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 111 (12.08%) Oracle
2 72 (7.83%) Microsoft
3 63 (6.86%) Google
4 33 (3.59%) Atlassian
5 18 (1.96%) IBM
6 15 (1.63%) VMware
7 14 (1.52%) Adobe
8 12 (1.31%) webMethods
9 11 (1.20%) hybris
9 11 (1.20%) Splunk
10 10 (1.09%) BEA
10 10 (1.09%) NetIQ
11 9 (0.98%) Perforce
12 8 (0.87%) ForgeRock
12 8 (0.87%) MuleSoft
13 7 (0.76%) HP
13 7 (0.76%) New Relic
13 7 (0.76%) Red Hat
13 7 (0.76%) SAP
14 6 (0.65%) Salesforce.com