Period
to 27 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 27 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 8 11 10
Rank change year-on-year +3 -1 +16
Contract jobs citing DevOps 4,037 8,859 9,387
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 12.47% 10.51% 9.13%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 14.44% 12.14% 10.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,323 6,415 6,731
Median daily rate £525 £535 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.87% +1.90% +5.00%
10th Percentile £363 £400 £389
90th Percentile £675 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £480
% change year-on-year -5.00% +4.17% +1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 62 45 18
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.00 £48.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.91% -5.64% +6.56%
10th Percentile £25.35 £35.00 £26.45
90th Percentile £61.95 £73.75 £72.17
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.75 £45.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -14.84% +7.06% -5.56%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 27,955 72,988 89,485
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.36% 86.56% 87.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,657 47,917 59,113
Median daily rate £475 £475 £455
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.40% +1.11%
10th Percentile £296 £300 £300
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £438 £425
% change year-on-year - +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,001 2,275 2,401
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.93 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +46.29% +13.93% -10.64%
10th Percentile £12.36 £11.97 £11.18
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £27.00 £22.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year +20.00% +9.76% -14.58%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Daily rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Hourly rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 3,459 £520 -3.26% 1,684
London +2 2,066 £538 -2.27% 687
UK excluding London -1 1,465 £475 -5.00% 1,106
Work from Home +2 920 £525 - 393
North of England 0 416 £475 -2.56% 357
South East 0 385 £500 - 247
North West +6 240 £476 -4.90% 214
Midlands +8 198 £450 -10.00% 165
South West -1 188 £475 -9.52% 150
Scotland -2 134 £450 -10.00% 83
West Midlands +6 121 £435 -13.00% 107
Yorkshire -2 119 £463 -2.63% 100
East of England 0 98 £500 - 76
East Midlands +8 75 £468 -1.58% 57
North East -5 55 £498 +13.71% 43
Wales -7 35 £375 -16.67% 19
Northern Ireland -6 10 £400 -30.43% 14

For the 6 months to 27 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 1,949 (48.28%) Agile Software Development
2 1,725 (42.73%) Azure
3 1,485 (36.78%) AWS
4 1,158 (28.68%) Python
5 1,136 (28.14%) Kubernetes
6 1,050 (26.01%) Java
7 1,026 (25.41%) Terraform
8 1,017 (25.19%) Docker
9 994 (24.62%) Jenkins
10 762 (18.88%) Ansible
11 734 (18.18%) Linux
12 720 (17.84%) Security Cleared
13 706 (17.49%) Git (software)
14 688 (17.04%) Finance
15 674 (16.70%) SQL
16 672 (16.65%) Microservices
17 612 (15.16%) Test Automation
18 577 (14.29%) SC Cleared
19 570 (14.12%) Scrum
20 529 (13.10%) Microsoft
21 524 (12.98%) JavaScript
22 501 (12.41%) Continuous Integration
23 498 (12.34%) Infrastructure as Code
24 476 (11.79%) GCP
25 440 (10.90%) TDD
26 437 (10.82%) Software Engineering
26 437 (10.82%) JIRA
27 430 (10.65%) PowerShell
27 430 (10.65%) SQL Server
28 423 (10.48%) Serverless

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 267 (6.61%) Confluence
2 155 (3.84%) Apache
3 122 (3.02%) Elasticsearch
4 93 (2.30%) SharePoint
5 84 (2.08%) Apache Spark
6 81 (2.01%) Cloud Foundry
7 68 (1.68%) nginx
8 56 (1.39%) Tomcat
9 42 (1.04%) WebLogic
10 40 (0.99%) Mule
11 39 (0.97%) IIS
12 29 (0.72%) CMS
13 25 (0.62%) JBoss
14 22 (0.54%) Apache Solr
15 21 (0.52%) NServiceBus
16 20 (0.50%) OpenStack
16 20 (0.50%) WebSphere
17 18 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 16 (0.40%) SAS
18 16 (0.40%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 65 (1.61%) Microsoft Office
2 50 (1.24%) Microsoft Excel
3 39 (0.97%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.27%) Photoshop
5 10 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
7 8 (0.20%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.074%) Figma
9 2 (0.050%) InVision
9 2 (0.050%) Sketch
9 2 (0.050%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.050%) Zeplin
10 1 (0.025%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.025%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 41 (1.02%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.32%) Teamcenter
3 9 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
4 8 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
4 8 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 7 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
5 7 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 6 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
7 5 (0.12%) SAP ERP
7 5 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
7 5 (0.12%) Visualfiles
8 4 (0.099%) NetSuite
8 4 (0.099%) Oracle Payables
9 3 (0.074%) Magento
9 3 (0.074%) Oracle Financials
10 2 (0.050%) Oracle Applications
10 2 (0.050%) SAP FI-CA
10 2 (0.050%) SAP IS-U
10 2 (0.050%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 2 (0.050%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,725 (42.73%) Azure
2 1,485 (36.78%) AWS
3 476 (11.79%) GCP
4 423 (10.48%) Serverless
5 294 (7.28%) AWS Lambda
6 286 (7.08%) GitHub
7 264 (6.54%) PaaS
8 247 (6.12%) AWS CloudFormation
9 212 (5.25%) Amazon ECS
10 194 (4.81%) Amazon S3
11 193 (4.78%) Amazon EC2
12 179 (4.43%) IaaS
13 159 (3.94%) OpenShift
14 138 (3.42%) Power Platform
15 119 (2.95%) SaaS
16 109 (2.70%) Amazon EKS
17 92 (2.28%) Apigee
17 92 (2.28%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 90 (2.23%) Azure Functions
19 88 (2.18%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 165 (4.09%) Firewall
2 120 (2.97%) DNS
3 87 (2.16%) HTTP
4 70 (1.73%) SSL
5 56 (1.39%) VPN
6 54 (1.34%) TCP/IP
7 50 (1.24%) Network Security
8 42 (1.04%) Internet
9 34 (0.84%) Reverse Proxy
10 33 (0.82%) VLAN
11 31 (0.77%) DHCP
11 31 (0.77%) WAN
12 26 (0.64%) Kerberos
13 23 (0.57%) LAN
14 19 (0.47%) HTTPS
14 19 (0.47%) Skype
15 17 (0.42%) SNMP
16 16 (0.40%) VSAN
17 14 (0.35%) SAN
18 13 (0.32%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 430 (10.65%) SQL Server
2 236 (5.85%) PostgreSQL
3 193 (4.78%) MySQL
4 187 (4.63%) Big Data
5 157 (3.89%) Amazon Redshift
6 156 (3.86%) Data Warehouse
7 152 (3.77%) Hadoop
8 144 (3.57%) Amazon RDS
9 122 (3.02%) NoSQL
10 121 (3.00%) MongoDB
11 116 (2.87%) Azure SQL Database
12 109 (2.70%) Power BI
13 100 (2.48%) Data Lake
13 100 (2.48%) Relational Database
14 72 (1.78%) Cosmos DB
15 60 (1.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 56 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 51 (1.26%) Redis
18 49 (1.21%) BigQuery
19 47 (1.16%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 994 (24.62%) Jenkins
2 706 (17.49%) Git (software)
3 437 (10.82%) JIRA
4 311 (7.70%) GitLab
5 208 (5.15%) Maven
6 192 (4.76%) Selenium
7 180 (4.46%) Artifactory
8 146 (3.62%) Cucumber
9 143 (3.54%) JUnit
10 124 (3.07%) Bitbucket
11 113 (2.80%) Gradle
12 110 (2.72%) Sonatype Nexus
13 101 (2.50%) Visual Studio Team System
14 99 (2.45%) TeamCity
15 96 (2.38%) Team Foundation Server
16 94 (2.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 82 (2.03%) SonarQube
18 76 (1.88%) RStudio
19 72 (1.78%) JMeter
20 63 (1.56%) Mockito
General
1 688 (17.04%) Finance
2 405 (10.03%) Banking
3 353 (8.74%) Public Sector
4 157 (3.89%) Front Office
5 112 (2.77%) Investment Banking
6 75 (1.86%) Telecoms
7 63 (1.56%) Marketing
8 57 (1.41%) Back Office
9 54 (1.34%) Retail
10 45 (1.11%) Manufacturing
11 30 (0.74%) Electronics
12 23 (0.57%) Advertising
12 23 (0.57%) Retail Banking
13 22 (0.54%) Law
13 22 (0.54%) Legal
14 21 (0.52%) Aerospace
14 21 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
15 20 (0.50%) Games
16 19 (0.47%) Financial Institution
17 13 (0.32%) Police
Job Titles
1 1,079 (26.73%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,015 (25.14%) Developer
3 422 (10.45%) Architect
4 411 (10.18%) AWS Engineer
5 348 (8.62%) Azure Engineer
6 310 (7.68%) AWS DevOps
7 261 (6.47%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 229 (5.67%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 214 (5.30%) Java Developer
10 182 (4.51%) Azure DevOps
11 181 (4.48%) Cloud Engineer
12 176 (4.36%) AWS Developer
13 126 (3.12%) Consultant
14 118 (2.92%) Cloud Architect
15 117 (2.90%) Java Engineer
16 116 (2.87%) Software Engineer
17 115 (2.85%) .NET Developer
17 115 (2.85%) Python Developer
17 115 (2.85%) Senior DevOps
18 114 (2.82%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 414 (10.26%) Web Services
2 407 (10.08%) .NET
3 356 (8.82%) Node.js
4 331 (8.20%) REST
5 309 (7.65%) React
6 275 (6.81%) AngularJS
7 232 (5.75%) Spring
8 222 (5.50%) CSS
9 216 (5.35%) HTML
10 195 (4.83%) Spring Boot
11 168 (4.16%) RESTful
12 162 (4.01%) JSON
13 138 (3.42%) SOAP
14 122 (3.02%) .NET Core
14 122 (3.02%) OAuth
15 120 (2.97%) Kafka
16 119 (2.95%) ASP.NET
17 114 (2.82%) Swagger
18 108 (2.68%) .NET Framework
19 103 (2.55%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 216 (5.35%) Greenfield Project
2 156 (3.86%) Hedge funds
3 155 (3.84%) Analytical Skills
4 131 (3.24%) User Experience
5 124 (3.07%) Derivative
5 124 (3.07%) Fixed Income
6 119 (2.95%) Equities
7 111 (2.75%) Public Cloud
8 100 (2.48%) Mobile App
9 97 (2.40%) Cloud Native
10 90 (2.23%) Data Centre
11 69 (1.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 68 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
13 61 (1.51%) Self-Motivation
14 54 (1.34%) Data Structures
15 52 (1.29%) Management Information System
16 50 (1.24%) Hybrid Cloud
17 47 (1.16%) Linux Command Line
18 44 (1.09%) PKI
19 39 (0.97%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 734 (18.18%) Linux
2 414 (10.26%) Windows
3 153 (3.79%) Unix
4 132 (3.27%) Windows Server
5 127 (3.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 86 (2.13%) CentOS
7 83 (2.06%) Android
8 69 (1.71%) Apple iOS
9 61 (1.51%) Windows Server 2016
10 60 (1.49%) Windows 10
11 47 (1.16%) Ubuntu
12 33 (0.82%) Windows Server 2012
13 25 (0.62%) Windows Server 2019
14 24 (0.59%) Windows Server 2008
15 17 (0.42%) Mac OS X
16 16 (0.40%) Debian
17 14 (0.35%) Windows 7
18 13 (0.32%) VMS
19 11 (0.27%) Solaris
20 8 (0.20%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,949 (48.28%) Agile Software Development
2 672 (16.65%) Microservices
3 612 (15.16%) Test Automation
4 570 (14.12%) Scrum
5 501 (12.41%) Continuous Integration
6 498 (12.34%) Infrastructure as Code
7 440 (10.90%) TDD
8 437 (10.82%) Software Engineering
9 334 (8.27%) Migration
10 307 (7.60%) Continuous Delivery
11 305 (7.56%) Configuration Management
12 252 (6.24%) BDD
13 234 (5.80%) Kanban
13 234 (5.80%) Mentoring
14 233 (5.77%) Asset Management
15 217 (5.38%) Open Source
16 216 (5.35%) Business Intelligence
17 212 (5.25%) Analytics
18 202 (5.00%) Deployment Automation
19 199 (4.93%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,158 (28.68%) Python
2 1,050 (26.01%) Java
3 674 (16.70%) SQL
4 524 (12.98%) JavaScript
5 430 (10.65%) PowerShell
6 410 (10.16%) C#
7 365 (9.04%) Bash Shell
8 129 (3.20%) Ruby
9 119 (2.95%) Scala
10 106 (2.63%) Shell Script
11 104 (2.58%) Java 8
12 99 (2.45%) Go
13 84 (2.08%) Groovy
14 76 (1.88%) Perl
15 73 (1.81%) Kotlin
16 72 (1.78%) R
17 71 (1.76%) TypeScript
18 66 (1.63%) T-SQL
19 63 (1.56%) PHP
20 62 (1.54%) C
Qualifications
1 720 (17.84%) Security Cleared
2 577 (14.29%) SC Cleared
3 117 (2.90%) DV Cleared
4 108 (2.68%) Degree
5 62 (1.54%) AWS Certification
6 45 (1.11%) Cisco Certification
7 42 (1.04%) CISSP
7 42 (1.04%) ISTQB
8 41 (1.02%) Microsoft Certification
9 35 (0.87%) BPSS Clearance
9 35 (0.87%) Computer Science Degree
10 33 (0.82%) ISEB
11 25 (0.62%) Sun Certification
12 19 (0.47%) CISM
13 18 (0.45%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 18 (0.45%) CCNA
13 18 (0.45%) TOGAF Certification
14 16 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 15 (0.37%) CCA
16 13 (0.32%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 187 (4.63%) QA
2 34 (0.84%) GDPR
3 33 (0.82%) SLA
4 30 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 27 (0.67%) NIST
6 25 (0.62%) WCAG
7 24 (0.59%) Data Quality
8 23 (0.57%) PMO
9 18 (0.45%) PCI DSS
10 14 (0.35%) COBIT
11 13 (0.32%) HIPAA
12 12 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 11 (0.27%) NCSC
14 10 (0.25%) Cyber Essentials
15 6 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
15 6 (0.15%) ISO 9001
16 5 (0.12%) Basel III
16 5 (0.12%) JSP 440
17 4 (0.099%) ISO 22301
17 4 (0.099%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 1,017 (25.19%) Docker
2 207 (5.13%) Active Directory
3 125 (3.10%) VMware Infrastructure
4 66 (1.63%) Virtual Machines
5 41 (1.02%) VMware NSX
6 40 (0.99%) vSphere
7 31 (0.77%) VMware ESXi
8 24 (0.59%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 19 (0.47%) HDFS
10 15 (0.37%) Hyper-V
11 13 (0.32%) GlusterFS
12 8 (0.20%) LXC
13 6 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
13 6 (0.15%) Xen
14 5 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
15 4 (0.099%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
15 4 (0.099%) Gluster
15 4 (0.099%) Varnish
15 4 (0.099%) vCloud
15 4 (0.099%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 1,136 (28.14%) Kubernetes
2 1,026 (25.41%) Terraform
3 762 (18.88%) Ansible
4 309 (7.65%) Puppet
5 247 (6.12%) Opscode Chef
6 116 (2.87%) Prometheus
7 109 (2.70%) Grafana
8 90 (2.23%) Packer
9 53 (1.31%) Kibana
10 37 (0.92%) Istio
11 36 (0.89%) Single Sign-On
12 34 (0.84%) Argo
13 30 (0.74%) Consul
14 28 (0.69%) Rancher
15 27 (0.67%) Nagios
16 24 (0.59%) ZABBIX
17 21 (0.52%) logstash
18 20 (0.50%) vCenter Server
19 19 (0.47%) Salt
19 19 (0.47%) SCCM
Vendors
1 529 (13.10%) Microsoft
2 309 (7.65%) Google
3 274 (6.79%) Oracle
4 175 (4.33%) VMware
5 147 (3.64%) Splunk
6 108 (2.68%) Databricks
7 98 (2.43%) Atlassian
8 85 (2.11%) Red Hat
9 81 (2.01%) Cloudera
10 77 (1.91%) AppDynamics
10 77 (1.91%) SAP
11 74 (1.83%) Cisco
12 72 (1.78%) Salesforce.com
13 45 (1.11%) MuleSoft
14 43 (1.07%) ServiceNow
15 42 (1.04%) IBM
16 38 (0.94%) Hortonworks
17 36 (0.89%) F5
18 28 (0.69%) HP
19 27 (0.67%) Dell