Period
to 8 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 8 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
8 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 12 10 21
Rank change year-on-year -2 +11 +12
Contract jobs citing DevOps 8,124 9,990 7,259
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.12% 9.57% 7.04%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.81% 11.00% 8.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,666 7,015 5,363
UK median daily rate £540 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £400 £399 £375
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £490 £475
% change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 22 33
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £35.00 £48.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +31.43% -27.08% -12.73%
10th Percentile £32.45 £27.11 £35.00
90th Percentile £78.75 £63.98 £77.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.00 £35.00 £46.50
% change year-on-year +25.71% -24.73% -15.45%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 68,804 90,835 88,912
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.71% 87.05% 86.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 44,995 60,171 59,262
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £288 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £433 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +1.76% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,249 2,324 2,101
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £22.00 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.82% -7.37% +5.56%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.18 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.06 £50.20 £49.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £20.50 £24.00
% change year-on-year +9.76% -14.58% +6.67%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing DevOps.

Contractor daily rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 8 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps.

Contractor hourly rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 8 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 8 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 7,540 £550 +4.76% 2,402
London 0 4,190 £563 +2.27% 1,071
UK excluding London +2 3,787 £500 +2.04% 1,510
South East +10 1,078 £515 +3.00% 336
North of England -1 929 £495 +4.21% 422
South West +20 622 £527 +8.10% 166
North West -4 452 £500 - 221
Midlands -9 405 £500 +8.11% 225
Yorkshire +3 347 £488 +8.33% 176
Scotland +1 339 £525 +5.00% 122
East of England -1 285 £500 -2.20% 179
West Midlands -6 285 £500 +5.26% 155
North East -4 131 £459 -8.16% 25
East Midlands -12 117 £450 +4.65% 70
Wales +12 100 £450 -10.00% 52
Northern Ireland +24 31 £575 +12.75% 10
Channel Islands - 1 £513 -

For the 6 months to 8 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 3,925 (48.31%) Agile Software Development
2 3,079 (37.90%) Azure
3 2,869 (35.32%) AWS
4 2,217 (27.29%) Docker
5 2,153 (26.50%) Python
6 2,022 (24.89%) Kubernetes
7 1,941 (23.89%) Terraform
8 1,892 (23.29%) Linux
9 1,852 (22.80%) Ansible
10 1,844 (22.70%) Jenkins
11 1,767 (21.75%) Java
12 1,341 (16.51%) Git (software)
13 1,311 (16.14%) Finance
14 1,217 (14.98%) Microservices
15 1,189 (14.64%) Continuous Integration
16 1,174 (14.45%) Scrum
17 1,169 (14.39%) SQL
18 1,073 (13.21%) JavaScript
19 1,070 (13.17%) Microsoft
20 1,060 (13.05%) Security Cleared
21 1,035 (12.74%) Test Automation
22 965 (11.88%) Puppet
23 948 (11.67%) .NET
24 934 (11.50%) C#
25 920 (11.32%) JIRA
26 847 (10.43%) TDD
27 823 (10.13%) Infrastructure as Code
28 801 (9.86%) SC Cleared
28 801 (9.86%) PowerShell
29 790 (9.72%) Windows

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 517 (6.36%) Confluence
2 228 (2.81%) Apache
3 198 (2.44%) Apache Spark
4 196 (2.41%) Elasticsearch
5 172 (2.12%) nginx
6 138 (1.70%) IIS
6 138 (1.70%) SharePoint
7 128 (1.58%) Tomcat
8 125 (1.54%) OpenStack
9 75 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
10 69 (0.85%) WebLogic
11 66 (0.81%) JBoss
12 58 (0.71%) WebSphere
13 54 (0.66%) CMS
14 36 (0.44%) Jetty
15 28 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 27 (0.33%) SAS
17 26 (0.32%) Apache Airflow
17 26 (0.32%) Jupyter
18 24 (0.30%) Mongrel
Applications
1 80 (0.98%) Microsoft Excel
2 71 (0.87%) Microsoft Office
3 38 (0.47%) MS Visio
4 33 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 10 (0.12%) Photoshop
6 9 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
7 6 (0.074%) Adobe Illustrator
7 6 (0.074%) Adobe XD
8 5 (0.062%) Chatbot
9 4 (0.049%) Open Workbench
9 4 (0.049%) Zeplin
10 2 (0.025%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 119 (1.46%) Dynamics CRM
2 24 (0.30%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 20 (0.25%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 16 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
4 16 (0.20%) Magento
4 16 (0.20%) Sonata
5 14 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
6 13 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
7 11 (0.14%) Eloqua
8 10 (0.12%) SAP ERP
9 9 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
9 9 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
10 7 (0.086%) Distributed Ledger
11 6 (0.074%) Misys Opics
11 6 (0.074%) NetSuite
11 6 (0.074%) Unit4 Business World
12 5 (0.062%) SAP BPC
12 5 (0.062%) SAP HR
12 5 (0.062%) SAP MDG
13 4 (0.049%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 3,079 (37.90%) Azure
2 2,869 (35.32%) AWS
3 767 (9.44%) GCP
4 604 (7.43%) Serverless
5 544 (6.70%) PaaS
6 528 (6.50%) GitHub
7 459 (5.65%) AWS CloudFormation
8 434 (5.34%) Amazon EC2
9 395 (4.86%) IaaS
10 382 (4.70%) Amazon S3
11 372 (4.58%) AWS Lambda
12 371 (4.57%) OpenShift
13 333 (4.10%) SaaS
14 252 (3.10%) Power Platform
15 196 (2.41%) Azure Active Directory
16 158 (1.94%) Amazon ECS
17 150 (1.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 148 (1.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 135 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
20 132 (1.62%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 215 (2.65%) DNS
2 209 (2.57%) Firewall
3 160 (1.97%) HTTP
4 156 (1.92%) TCP/IP
5 146 (1.80%) VPN
6 112 (1.38%) Internet
7 104 (1.28%) SSL
8 71 (0.87%) DHCP
9 54 (0.66%) Network Security
10 48 (0.59%) WAN
11 46 (0.57%) FTP
12 45 (0.55%) SAN
13 39 (0.48%) IPsec
13 39 (0.48%) LAN
14 30 (0.37%) Skype
15 23 (0.28%) Kerberos
15 23 (0.28%) SSH
16 20 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
17 19 (0.23%) VLAN
18 18 (0.22%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 552 (6.79%) SQL Server
2 406 (5.00%) Big Data
3 341 (4.20%) MySQL
4 326 (4.01%) NoSQL
5 317 (3.90%) PostgreSQL
6 286 (3.52%) Relational Database
7 274 (3.37%) Amazon RDS
8 265 (3.26%) MongoDB
9 246 (3.03%) Power BI
10 222 (2.73%) Hadoop
11 220 (2.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 198 (2.44%) Data Lake
13 178 (2.19%) Data Warehouse
14 138 (1.70%) RDBMS
15 129 (1.59%) Azure SQL Database
16 122 (1.50%) Amazon Redshift
16 122 (1.50%) Redis
17 112 (1.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 112 (1.38%) Oracle Database
18 99 (1.22%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,844 (22.70%) Jenkins
2 1,341 (16.51%) Git (software)
3 920 (11.32%) JIRA
4 414 (5.10%) Visual Studio Team System
5 324 (3.99%) Selenium
6 310 (3.82%) GitLab
7 269 (3.31%) Visual Studio
8 262 (3.23%) Bitbucket
9 251 (3.09%) Sonatype Nexus
10 245 (3.02%) Cucumber
11 244 (3.00%) Maven
12 210 (2.58%) TeamCity
13 201 (2.47%) Team Foundation Server
14 192 (2.36%) Artifactory
15 181 (2.23%) JUnit
16 152 (1.87%) SonarQube
17 144 (1.77%) Octopus Deploy
18 137 (1.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 119 (1.46%) Subversion
19 119 (1.46%) Travis CI
General
1 1,311 (16.14%) Finance
2 498 (6.13%) Banking
3 454 (5.59%) Public Sector
4 173 (2.13%) Retail
5 143 (1.76%) Marketing
6 128 (1.58%) Telecoms
7 114 (1.40%) Front Office
8 88 (1.08%) Manufacturing
9 85 (1.05%) Legal
10 79 (0.97%) Financial Institution
11 70 (0.86%) Investment Banking
12 62 (0.76%) Law
13 55 (0.68%) Publishing
14 48 (0.59%) Games
15 46 (0.57%) Billing
16 44 (0.54%) Electronics
17 42 (0.52%) Retail Banking
18 34 (0.42%) Military
19 27 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
20 21 (0.26%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2,711 (33.37%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,882 (23.17%) Developer
3 679 (8.36%) Architect
4 646 (7.95%) AWS Engineer
5 621 (7.64%) AWS DevOps
6 566 (6.97%) Azure Engineer
7 555 (6.83%) Azure DevOps
8 502 (6.18%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 445 (5.48%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 397 (4.89%) Cloud Engineer
11 384 (4.73%) Java Developer
12 357 (4.39%) Senior DevOps
13 308 (3.79%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 284 (3.50%) Consultant
15 264 (3.25%) Analyst
16 262 (3.23%) Senior Developer
17 231 (2.84%) .NET Developer
18 228 (2.81%) Kubernetes Engineer
19 225 (2.77%) Software Engineer
20 197 (2.42%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 948 (11.67%) .NET
2 697 (8.58%) Node.js
3 607 (7.47%) Web Services
4 493 (6.07%) REST
5 470 (5.79%) AngularJS
6 446 (5.49%) HTML
7 440 (5.42%) CSS
8 399 (4.91%) React
9 397 (4.89%) Spring
10 353 (4.35%) RESTful
11 351 (4.32%) JSON
12 331 (4.07%) Kafka
13 235 (2.89%) .NET Core
14 234 (2.88%) Spring Boot
15 205 (2.52%) XML
16 203 (2.50%) ASP.NET
17 180 (2.22%) .NET Framework
18 179 (2.20%) HTML5
19 178 (2.19%) Elastic Stack
20 174 (2.14%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 394 (4.85%) Greenfield Project
2 296 (3.64%) Analytical Skills
3 289 (3.56%) Public Cloud
4 180 (2.22%) Data Centre
5 164 (2.02%) Cloud Native
6 163 (2.01%) Enterprise Software
7 162 (1.99%) User Experience
8 120 (1.48%) Mobile App
9 108 (1.33%) Linux Command Line
10 101 (1.24%) Hybrid Cloud
11 97 (1.19%) Self-Motivation
12 79 (0.97%) Algorithms
13 78 (0.96%) Management Information System
14 72 (0.89%) Data Structures
15 71 (0.87%) Virtual Team
16 68 (0.84%) Private Cloud
17 64 (0.79%) PKI
18 57 (0.70%) Clustering
19 53 (0.65%) Replication
20 49 (0.60%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,892 (23.29%) Linux
2 790 (9.72%) Windows
3 454 (5.59%) Unix
4 404 (4.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 199 (2.45%) CentOS
6 183 (2.25%) Windows Server
7 152 (1.87%) Ubuntu
8 113 (1.39%) Android
9 79 (0.97%) Apple iOS
10 45 (0.55%) Amazon Linux
10 45 (0.55%) Windows Server 2012
11 39 (0.48%) VMS
12 36 (0.44%) Solaris
13 34 (0.42%) CoreOS
14 32 (0.39%) Windows 10
15 28 (0.34%) Mac OS X
16 27 (0.33%) Debian
17 25 (0.31%) Mac OS
18 23 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
19 13 (0.16%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,925 (48.31%) Agile Software Development
2 1,217 (14.98%) Microservices
3 1,189 (14.64%) Continuous Integration
4 1,174 (14.45%) Scrum
5 1,035 (12.74%) Test Automation
6 847 (10.43%) TDD
7 823 (10.13%) Infrastructure as Code
8 726 (8.94%) Configuration Management
9 683 (8.41%) Migration
10 668 (8.22%) Software Engineering
11 609 (7.50%) Kanban
12 519 (6.39%) Continuous Delivery
13 515 (6.34%) Open Source
14 509 (6.27%) BDD
15 488 (6.01%) Analytics
16 417 (5.13%) Problem-Solving
17 377 (4.64%) Mentoring
18 353 (4.35%) Business Intelligence
19 313 (3.85%) Stakeholder Management
20 299 (3.68%) OO
Programming Languages
1 2,153 (26.50%) Python
2 1,767 (21.75%) Java
3 1,169 (14.39%) SQL
4 1,073 (13.21%) JavaScript
5 934 (11.50%) C#
6 801 (9.86%) PowerShell
7 663 (8.16%) Bash Shell
8 487 (5.99%) Ruby
9 266 (3.27%) Go
10 240 (2.95%) Shell Script
11 235 (2.89%) Java 8
12 230 (2.83%) Scala
13 222 (2.73%) Perl
14 217 (2.67%) PHP
15 167 (2.06%) TypeScript
16 162 (1.99%) Groovy
17 137 (1.69%) C++
18 129 (1.59%) C
19 97 (1.19%) R
20 94 (1.16%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,060 (13.05%) Security Cleared
2 801 (9.86%) SC Cleared
3 287 (3.53%) Degree
4 176 (2.17%) AWS Certification
5 138 (1.70%) DV Cleared
6 84 (1.03%) BPSS Clearance
7 69 (0.85%) CISSP
8 67 (0.82%) Microsoft Certification
9 56 (0.69%) Computer Science Degree
10 51 (0.63%) ISTQB
10 51 (0.63%) RHCE
11 35 (0.43%) MCSA
12 34 (0.42%) Cisco Certification
13 33 (0.41%) DBS Check
14 26 (0.32%) CCNA
14 26 (0.32%) CISM
14 26 (0.32%) ISEB
15 23 (0.28%) RHCSA
16 21 (0.26%) CCNP
17 19 (0.23%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 390 (4.80%) QA
2 69 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 67 (0.82%) GDPR
4 56 (0.69%) SLA
5 46 (0.57%) PCI DSS
6 43 (0.53%) Data Quality
7 38 (0.47%) NIST
8 27 (0.33%) NCSC
9 25 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 19 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
10 19 (0.23%) WCAG
11 16 (0.20%) PMO
12 13 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 10 (0.12%) PSD2
14 8 (0.098%) COBIT
15 4 (0.049%) Cyber Essentials
15 4 (0.049%) HIPAA
15 4 (0.049%) HL7
15 4 (0.049%) NIST 800
16 3 (0.037%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
System Software
1 2,217 (27.29%) Docker
2 324 (3.99%) Active Directory
3 181 (2.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 111 (1.37%) Virtual Machines
5 65 (0.80%) vSphere
6 48 (0.59%) Hyper-V
7 35 (0.43%) HDFS
8 29 (0.36%) VMware NSX
9 28 (0.34%) Xen
10 24 (0.30%) LXC
11 19 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
12 15 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 14 (0.17%) Gluster
14 13 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
15 12 (0.15%) NFS
16 10 (0.12%) GlusterFS
16 10 (0.12%) PowerDNS
17 9 (0.11%) vCloud
17 9 (0.11%) VirtualBox
18 8 (0.098%) EMC RecoverPoint
Systems Management
1 2,022 (24.89%) Kubernetes
2 1,941 (23.89%) Terraform
3 1,852 (22.80%) Ansible
4 965 (11.88%) Puppet
5 690 (8.49%) Opscode Chef
6 196 (2.41%) Packer
7 156 (1.92%) Grafana
8 140 (1.72%) Prometheus
9 129 (1.59%) Consul
10 92 (1.13%) Kibana
11 88 (1.08%) Salt
12 67 (0.82%) Nagios
13 61 (0.75%) Docker Swarm
14 58 (0.71%) Single Sign-On
15 45 (0.55%) logstash
16 42 (0.52%) Rancher
17 38 (0.47%) HAProxy
17 38 (0.47%) Mesos
18 33 (0.41%) SCCM
19 28 (0.34%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 1,070 (13.17%) Microsoft
2 552 (6.79%) Google
3 475 (5.85%) Oracle
4 368 (4.53%) Red Hat
5 312 (3.84%) VMware
6 258 (3.18%) Splunk
7 164 (2.02%) SAP
8 163 (2.01%) Atlassian
9 116 (1.43%) Salesforce.com
10 113 (1.39%) Cisco
11 103 (1.27%) Databricks
12 85 (1.05%) ServiceNow
13 84 (1.03%) Tableau
14 82 (1.01%) IBM
15 69 (0.85%) MuleSoft
16 68 (0.84%) Cloudera
17 55 (0.68%) Citrix
18 54 (0.66%) EMC
19 53 (0.65%) New Relic
20 49 (0.60%) Dell