Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 5 11 11
Rank change year-on-year +6 0 +2
Contract jobs citing DevOps 6,776 6,005 10,260
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 12.65% 10.46% 10.72%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 14.56% 12.27% 12.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,928 4,288 7,206
10th Percentile £375 £400 £400
25th Percentile £435 £456 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £540 £540
Median % change year-on-year -2.78% - +2.86%
75th Percentile £600 £625 £619
90th Percentile £675 £700 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -5.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 54 21 19
10th Percentile £27.96 £18.25 £26.65
25th Percentile £40.31 £30.00 £44.32
Median hourly rate £45.00 £59.00 £48.00
Median % change year-on-year -23.73% +22.92% -21.31%
75th Percentile £58.75 £78.75 £58.13
90th Percentile £63.00 " £70.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £43.00 £47.69
% change year-on-year +4.65% -9.83% -17.06%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 46,528 48,924 83,745
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.88% 85.19% 87.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,905 32,513 56,467
10th Percentile £306 £281 £300
25th Percentile £400 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.63% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £576 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £656 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £436 £445 £435
% change year-on-year -2.02% +2.30% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,436 1,553 2,004
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.37 £11.57
25th Percentile £15.81 £15.85 £14.50
Median hourly rate £26.50 £21.50 £22.75
Median % change year-on-year +23.24% -5.49% +8.33%
75th Percentile £47.50 £46.00 £43.88
90th Percentile £59.38 £55.00 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.00 £20.11 £22.40
% change year-on-year +14.37% -10.22% +12.00%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Daily rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Hourly rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 5,128 £515 -6.36% 2,574
London -1 3,135 £540 -5.43% 1,126
Work from Home +4 2,482 £525 - 610
UK excluding London 0 1,981 £475 -5.00% 1,600
South East +3 610 £490 -2.00% 342
North of England -2 405 £475 -9.52% 471
Scotland +3 278 £465 -2.11% 98
South West -3 269 £500 -4.76% 227
North West -2 238 £488 -7.14% 257
Midlands -9 207 £431 -9.21% 233
West Midlands -10 144 £438 -12.50% 165
Yorkshire 0 136 £459 -8.30% 165
East of England +9 132 £500 - 160
Wales +6 73 £500 +5.26% 55
East Midlands -11 61 £405 -4.71% 68
North East -2 31 £498 -7.87% 49
Northern Ireland +3 7 £424 +10.85% 18
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 3,089 (45.59%) Azure
2 2,981 (43.99%) Agile Software Development
3 2,028 (29.93%) AWS
4 1,901 (28.05%) Terraform
5 1,738 (25.65%) Python
6 1,650 (24.35%) Kubernetes
7 1,550 (22.87%) Docker
8 1,359 (20.06%) Java
9 1,346 (19.86%) Jenkins
10 1,256 (18.54%) Ansible
11 1,241 (18.31%) Linux
12 1,168 (17.24%) SQL
13 1,073 (15.84%) Git (software)
14 1,033 (15.24%) Microservices
15 1,013 (14.95%) Finance
16 954 (14.08%) Security Cleared
17 946 (13.96%) Scrum
18 938 (13.84%) Infrastructure as Code
19 898 (13.25%) Microsoft
20 873 (12.88%) Test Automation
21 838 (12.37%) JavaScript
22 831 (12.26%) TDD
23 815 (12.03%) .NET
24 770 (11.36%) SC Cleared
25 741 (10.94%) C#
25 741 (10.94%) JIRA
26 715 (10.55%) Continuous Integration
27 688 (10.15%) GCP
28 680 (10.04%) PowerShell
29 678 (10.01%) Windows

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 397 (5.86%) Confluence
2 180 (2.66%) Elasticsearch
3 178 (2.63%) SharePoint
4 165 (2.44%) Apache
4 165 (2.44%) Apache Spark
5 91 (1.34%) nginx
6 74 (1.09%) IIS
7 59 (0.87%) CMS
8 56 (0.83%) Tomcat
9 55 (0.81%) Cloud Foundry
10 54 (0.80%) Apache Airflow
11 49 (0.72%) WebLogic
12 42 (0.62%) JBoss
13 34 (0.50%) WebSphere
14 29 (0.43%) OpenStack
15 26 (0.38%) Red Hat Fuse
16 23 (0.34%) Mule
17 20 (0.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 20 (0.30%) SAS
18 18 (0.27%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 106 (1.56%) Microsoft Office
2 68 (1.00%) Microsoft Excel
3 44 (0.65%) MS Visio
4 20 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 14 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.13%) Chatbot
6 9 (0.13%) Photoshop
7 8 (0.12%) Figma
8 4 (0.059%) InVision
8 4 (0.059%) Sketch
9 3 (0.044%) UserZoom
10 2 (0.030%) Adobe XD
10 2 (0.030%) SPSS
11 1 (0.015%) 3ds Max
11 1 (0.015%) Blender
11 1 (0.015%) Maya
11 1 (0.015%) Simulink
11 1 (0.015%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.015%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 80 (1.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.24%) Sentinel
3 15 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
4 13 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
5 12 (0.18%) Magento
6 9 (0.13%) Summit
7 8 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
7 8 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
8 7 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
8 7 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 7 (0.10%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 6 (0.089%) Aligne
9 6 (0.089%) SAP CRM
10 5 (0.074%) Oracle EBS
10 5 (0.074%) Remedy ITSM
11 4 (0.059%) assyst
11 4 (0.059%) NetSuite
11 4 (0.059%) R3 Corda
12 3 (0.044%) Oracle BPM
12 3 (0.044%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 3,089 (45.59%) Azure
2 2,028 (29.93%) AWS
3 688 (10.15%) GCP
4 565 (8.34%) Serverless
5 466 (6.88%) PaaS
6 450 (6.64%) GitHub
7 333 (4.91%) Power Platform
8 315 (4.65%) IaaS
9 298 (4.40%) AWS CloudFormation
10 271 (4.00%) AWS Lambda
11 251 (3.70%) OpenShift
12 225 (3.32%) SaaS
13 213 (3.14%) Azure Active Directory
14 195 (2.88%) Azure Data Factory
15 185 (2.73%) Microsoft 365
16 184 (2.72%) Amazon S3
17 175 (2.58%) Amazon EKS
18 169 (2.49%) Amazon EC2
19 150 (2.21%) Azure Functions
20 133 (1.96%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 219 (3.23%) Firewall
2 140 (2.07%) DNS
3 82 (1.21%) SSL
3 82 (1.21%) TCP/IP
4 79 (1.17%) VPN
5 67 (0.99%) Network Security
6 65 (0.96%) HTTP
7 53 (0.78%) WAN
8 37 (0.55%) LAN
8 37 (0.55%) VLAN
9 31 (0.46%) Internet
10 30 (0.44%) DHCP
11 28 (0.41%) SNMP
12 24 (0.35%) SSH
13 23 (0.34%) Kerberos
14 21 (0.31%) SAN
15 20 (0.30%) IPsec
15 20 (0.30%) SMTP
16 18 (0.27%) Cisco ASA
17 17 (0.25%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 487 (7.19%) SQL Server
2 289 (4.27%) Big Data
3 237 (3.50%) NoSQL
3 237 (3.50%) Power BI
4 228 (3.36%) PostgreSQL
5 215 (3.17%) Azure SQL Database
6 203 (3.00%) Data Warehouse
7 195 (2.88%) Data Lake
8 182 (2.69%) Hadoop
9 157 (2.32%) Relational Database
10 156 (2.30%) MongoDB
11 134 (1.98%) MySQL
12 125 (1.84%) Amazon RDS
13 102 (1.51%) BigQuery
14 87 (1.28%) Tableau
15 77 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 76 (1.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 73 (1.08%) Redis
18 67 (0.99%) Apache Hive
18 67 (0.99%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,346 (19.86%) Jenkins
2 1,073 (15.84%) Git (software)
3 741 (10.94%) JIRA
4 348 (5.14%) GitLab
5 272 (4.01%) Maven
6 238 (3.51%) Bitbucket
7 221 (3.26%) Selenium
8 166 (2.45%) Cucumber
9 165 (2.44%) SonarQube
10 160 (2.36%) Gradle
11 153 (2.26%) TeamCity
12 150 (2.21%) Artifactory
13 145 (2.14%) Octopus Deploy
14 139 (2.05%) Visual Studio
15 127 (1.87%) Sonatype Nexus
16 113 (1.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 112 (1.65%) Visual Studio Team System
18 108 (1.59%) JUnit
19 102 (1.51%) CircleCI
20 82 (1.21%) Travis CI
General
1 1,013 (14.95%) Finance
2 520 (7.67%) Banking
3 463 (6.83%) Public Sector
4 161 (2.38%) Telecoms
5 148 (2.18%) Retail
6 122 (1.80%) Investment Banking
7 108 (1.59%) Front Office
7 108 (1.59%) Marketing
8 67 (0.99%) Manufacturing
9 63 (0.93%) Retail Banking
10 54 (0.80%) Electronics
11 34 (0.50%) Publishing
12 32 (0.47%) Legal
13 30 (0.44%) Financial Institution
13 30 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
14 29 (0.43%) Law
15 28 (0.41%) Billing
15 28 (0.41%) Games
16 23 (0.34%) Advertising
17 20 (0.30%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,891 (27.91%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,661 (24.51%) Developer
3 702 (10.36%) Architect
4 701 (10.35%) Azure Engineer
5 518 (7.64%) AWS Engineer
6 517 (7.63%) AWS DevOps
7 473 (6.98%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 420 (6.20%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 382 (5.64%) Azure DevOps
10 294 (4.34%) Java Developer
11 285 (4.21%) Cloud Engineer
12 224 (3.31%) .NET Developer
12 224 (3.31%) Consultant
12 224 (3.31%) Senior DevOps
13 219 (3.23%) Analyst
14 210 (3.10%) Platform Engineer
15 208 (3.07%) Senior Developer
16 203 (3.00%) Data Engineer
16 203 (3.00%) Senior DevOps Engineer
17 167 (2.46%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 815 (12.03%) .NET
2 486 (7.17%) Node.js
3 463 (6.83%) React
4 395 (5.83%) HTML
5 385 (5.68%) AngularJS
6 374 (5.52%) REST
7 372 (5.49%) Web Services
8 362 (5.34%) Kafka
9 360 (5.31%) Spring
10 352 (5.19%) CSS
11 291 (4.29%) RESTful
12 271 (4.00%) Spring Boot
13 254 (3.75%) .NET Core
14 238 (3.51%) JSON
15 173 (2.55%) HTML5
16 172 (2.54%) ASP.NET
17 160 (2.36%) Elastic Stack
18 139 (2.05%) .NET Framework
19 137 (2.02%) OAuth
20 129 (1.90%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 383 (5.65%) Analytical Skills
2 324 (4.78%) Greenfield Project
3 280 (4.13%) Cloud Native
4 250 (3.69%) Public Cloud
5 213 (3.14%) User Experience
6 151 (2.23%) Data Centre
7 143 (2.11%) Mobile App
8 134 (1.98%) Self-Motivation
9 120 (1.77%) Enterprise Software
10 86 (1.27%) Linux Command Line
11 77 (1.14%) Data Structures
12 74 (1.09%) Virtual Team
13 72 (1.06%) Hybrid Cloud
14 68 (1.00%) Management Information System
15 61 (0.90%) Fixed Income
16 56 (0.83%) Algorithms
17 53 (0.78%) Private Cloud
18 49 (0.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 47 (0.69%) PKI
20 43 (0.63%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 1,241 (18.31%) Linux
2 678 (10.01%) Windows
3 194 (2.86%) Unix
4 177 (2.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 174 (2.57%) Windows Server
6 117 (1.73%) Android
7 106 (1.56%) CentOS
8 76 (1.12%) Apple iOS
9 66 (0.97%) Ubuntu
10 33 (0.49%) VMS
11 31 (0.46%) Windows 10
11 31 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
12 30 (0.44%) Windows Server 2016
13 24 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
14 21 (0.31%) Windows Server 2019
15 17 (0.25%) Debian
16 16 (0.24%) AIX
17 13 (0.19%) Mac OS X
18 10 (0.15%) CoreOS
19 9 (0.13%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,981 (43.99%) Agile Software Development
2 1,033 (15.24%) Microservices
3 946 (13.96%) Scrum
4 938 (13.84%) Infrastructure as Code
5 873 (12.88%) Test Automation
6 831 (12.26%) TDD
7 715 (10.55%) Continuous Integration
8 623 (9.19%) Software Engineering
9 464 (6.85%) Migration
10 437 (6.45%) Problem-Solving
11 428 (6.32%) BDD
12 424 (6.26%) Configuration Management
13 405 (5.98%) Analytics
14 366 (5.40%) Continuous Delivery
15 362 (5.34%) Mentoring
16 337 (4.97%) Business Intelligence
17 332 (4.90%) Open Source
18 331 (4.88%) Kanban
19 328 (4.84%) SDLC
20 300 (4.43%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 1,738 (25.65%) Python
2 1,359 (20.06%) Java
3 1,168 (17.24%) SQL
4 838 (12.37%) JavaScript
5 741 (10.94%) C#
6 680 (10.04%) PowerShell
7 454 (6.70%) Bash Shell
8 322 (4.75%) TypeScript
9 288 (4.25%) Scala
10 201 (2.97%) Go
11 194 (2.86%) Ruby
12 185 (2.73%) Groovy
13 162 (2.39%) Shell Script
14 137 (2.02%) Java 8
14 137 (2.02%) PHP
15 131 (1.93%) C++
16 129 (1.90%) Perl
17 97 (1.43%) C
17 97 (1.43%) T-SQL
18 94 (1.39%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 954 (14.08%) Security Cleared
2 770 (11.36%) SC Cleared
3 258 (3.81%) Degree
4 185 (2.73%) DV Cleared
5 114 (1.68%) Computer Science Degree
6 67 (0.99%) AWS Certification
7 59 (0.87%) Cisco Certification
8 57 (0.84%) Microsoft Certification
9 46 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
10 42 (0.62%) CISSP
11 37 (0.55%) ISTQB
12 31 (0.46%) CCNA
13 29 (0.43%) CCNP
14 28 (0.41%) ISEB
15 21 (0.31%) Master's Degree
16 19 (0.28%) DBS Check
17 18 (0.27%) CISM
18 17 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 17 (0.25%) Novell Certification
18 17 (0.25%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 364 (5.37%) QA
2 69 (1.02%) SLA
3 52 (0.77%) Data Quality
4 41 (0.61%) PCI DSS
5 38 (0.56%) GDPR
6 33 (0.49%) WCAG
7 27 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 23 (0.34%) NIST
9 20 (0.30%) PMO
10 15 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
11 8 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 7 (0.10%) NCSC
13 4 (0.059%) HIPAA
13 4 (0.059%) HL7
13 4 (0.059%) ISO 26262
14 3 (0.044%) ISO 22301
14 3 (0.044%) ISO 9001
14 3 (0.044%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 3 (0.044%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 3 (0.044%) SEPA
System Software
1 1,550 (22.87%) Docker
2 376 (5.55%) Active Directory
3 171 (2.52%) VMware Infrastructure
4 120 (1.77%) Virtual Machines
5 55 (0.81%) Hyper-V
6 54 (0.80%) HDFS
7 51 (0.75%) VMware NSX
8 38 (0.56%) Virtual Desktop
9 31 (0.46%) vSphere
10 21 (0.31%) GridGain
11 19 (0.28%) Microsoft App-V
11 19 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
12 18 (0.27%) GlusterFS
13 12 (0.18%) Varnish
13 12 (0.18%) XenApp
14 11 (0.16%) Apache Flume
14 11 (0.16%) NFS
15 10 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
16 7 (0.10%) KVM
17 6 (0.089%) LXC
Systems Management
1 1,901 (28.05%) Terraform
2 1,650 (24.35%) Kubernetes
3 1,256 (18.54%) Ansible
4 400 (5.90%) Puppet
5 327 (4.83%) Opscode Chef
6 213 (3.14%) Grafana
7 177 (2.61%) Prometheus
8 99 (1.46%) Istio
9 97 (1.43%) Kibana
10 90 (1.33%) Packer
11 51 (0.75%) Rancher
12 50 (0.74%) Consul
12 50 (0.74%) Microsoft Intune
13 41 (0.61%) Docker Swarm
13 41 (0.61%) logstash
14 39 (0.58%) Argo
15 36 (0.53%) Nagios
16 34 (0.50%) Oozie
17 29 (0.43%) vRealize
18 28 (0.41%) Fluentd
Vendors
1 898 (13.25%) Microsoft
2 419 (6.18%) Google
3 345 (5.09%) Oracle
4 265 (3.91%) VMware
5 206 (3.04%) Splunk
6 191 (2.82%) Databricks
7 137 (2.02%) Red Hat
8 134 (1.98%) Atlassian
9 129 (1.90%) SAP
10 124 (1.83%) Cisco
11 117 (1.73%) Salesforce.com
12 99 (1.46%) IBM
13 95 (1.40%) MuleSoft
14 69 (1.02%) Cloudera
15 60 (0.89%) AppDynamics
16 51 (0.75%) Dell
17 50 (0.74%) Hortonworks
18 44 (0.65%) ServiceNow
19 40 (0.59%) F5
19 40 (0.59%) HP