Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 6 9 12
Rank change year-on-year +3 +3 -1
Contract jobs citing DevOps 11,209 3,865 9,003
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 13.48% 12.52% 10.57%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 15.13% 14.37% 12.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,038 2,810 6,381
10th Percentile £411 £363 £400
25th Percentile £465 £425 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £538
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -2.33% +2.38%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £625
90th Percentile £703 £675 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +5.26% -5.00% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 57 20 30
10th Percentile £32.09 £21.70 £20.75
25th Percentile £44.90 £37.97 £42.25
Median hourly rate £52.50 £52.25 £48.25
Median % change year-on-year +0.48% +8.29% -5.85%
75th Percentile £63.00 £58.44 £63.13
90th Percentile £79.30 £66.00 £73.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £60.00 £52.50 £47.34
% change year-on-year +14.29% +10.91% -7.64%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 74,091 26,895 74,316
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.08% 87.10% 87.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,472 18,208 49,739
10th Percentile £320 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £378 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £510 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.37% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £668 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £458 £445 £438
% change year-on-year +3.01% +1.71% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,675 767 2,162
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.75 £11.50
25th Percentile £14.50 £15.50 £14.75
Median hourly rate £24.80 £25.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -0.80% +11.11% +15.38%
75th Percentile £49.75 £45.00 £45.00
90th Percentile £63.75 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.53 £22.50 £22.00
% change year-on-year -8.76% +2.27% +15.61%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Daily rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Hourly rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 8,836 £550 +4.76% 3,113
London +3 5,312 £575 +4.55% 1,415
Work from Home 0 3,510 £550 +4.76% 681
UK excluding London +1 3,310 £500 +5.26% 1,874
North of England -2 846 £525 +7.69% 573
South East 0 837 £515 +3.00% 399
North West -2 463 £525 +5.00% 326
Midlands 0 453 £483 +11.69% 326
Scotland +6 426 £475 +5.56% 146
South West +4 397 £500 +5.26% 207
Yorkshire +3 316 £525 +10.53% 176
West Midlands -2 307 £500 +14.94% 193
East of England +6 244 £525 +5.00% 165
East Midlands -3 135 £450 +6.51% 130
Wales +7 107 £550 +46.67% 47
North East -4 73 £565 +13.00% 71
Northern Ireland -3 14 £431 +7.75% 12

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 5,218 (46.55%) Azure
2 4,811 (42.92%) Agile Software Development
3 3,481 (31.06%) AWS
4 3,108 (27.73%) Terraform
5 2,834 (25.28%) Kubernetes
6 2,698 (24.07%) Python
7 2,606 (23.25%) Docker
8 2,206 (19.68%) Java
9 2,180 (19.45%) Jenkins
10 1,977 (17.64%) SQL
11 1,962 (17.50%) Ansible
12 1,878 (16.75%) Finance
13 1,804 (16.09%) Linux
14 1,731 (15.44%) Social Skills
15 1,722 (15.36%) Git (software)
16 1,706 (15.22%) Microservices
17 1,600 (14.27%) Infrastructure as Code
18 1,465 (13.07%) Scrum
19 1,446 (12.90%) JavaScript
20 1,424 (12.70%) Microsoft
21 1,375 (12.27%) Test Automation
22 1,336 (11.92%) C#
23 1,271 (11.34%) .NET
24 1,244 (11.10%) JIRA
25 1,215 (10.84%) Security Cleared
26 1,158 (10.33%) GCP
27 1,091 (9.73%) Continuous Integration
28 1,043 (9.31%) Serverless
29 1,036 (9.24%) PowerShell
30 1,026 (9.15%) TDD

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 654 (5.83%) Confluence
2 354 (3.16%) Apache Spark
3 277 (2.47%) Elasticsearch
4 257 (2.29%) SharePoint
5 245 (2.19%) Apache
6 114 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
6 114 (1.02%) Tomcat
7 111 (0.99%) nginx
8 101 (0.90%) CMS
9 78 (0.70%) IIS
10 67 (0.60%) WebLogic
11 62 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
12 61 (0.54%) BizTalk Server
13 60 (0.54%) OpenStack
14 58 (0.52%) SAS
15 46 (0.41%) Jupyter
16 43 (0.38%) WebSphere
17 40 (0.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 39 (0.35%) JBoss
19 30 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 118 (1.05%) Microsoft Office
2 103 (0.92%) Microsoft Excel
3 35 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 26 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
4 26 (0.23%) MS Visio
5 13 (0.12%) Photoshop
6 9 (0.080%) Chatbot
7 6 (0.054%) FrameMaker
8 5 (0.045%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.036%) Figma
10 3 (0.027%) Adobe XD
10 3 (0.027%) Mingle
10 3 (0.027%) Sketch
11 2 (0.018%) InVision
11 2 (0.018%) Zeplin
12 1 (0.009%) Siemens NX
12 1 (0.009%) SPSS
12 1 (0.009%) Stata
Business Applications
1 110 (0.98%) Dynamics CRM
2 27 (0.24%) Magento
3 22 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
4 21 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 18 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
6 13 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
7 11 (0.098%) NetSuite
7 11 (0.098%) Oracle EBS
8 10 (0.089%) Cloudability
8 10 (0.089%) SAP ERP
8 10 (0.089%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 8 (0.071%) Temenos T24
10 7 (0.062%) ION MarketView
10 7 (0.062%) Payment Gateway
10 7 (0.062%) Primavera
10 7 (0.062%) Sentinel
11 6 (0.054%) assyst
11 6 (0.054%) Oracle ERP
11 6 (0.054%) SAP CRM
11 6 (0.054%) SAP FSCM
Cloud Services
1 5,218 (46.55%) Azure
2 3,481 (31.06%) AWS
3 1,158 (10.33%) GCP
4 1,043 (9.31%) Serverless
5 1,012 (9.03%) GitHub
6 950 (8.48%) PaaS
7 712 (6.35%) IaaS
8 642 (5.73%) AWS CloudFormation
9 520 (4.64%) Power Platform
10 503 (4.49%) SaaS
11 487 (4.34%) AWS Lambda
12 399 (3.56%) Azure Data Factory
13 349 (3.11%) Amazon EKS
14 331 (2.95%) OpenShift
15 322 (2.87%) Amazon EC2
16 316 (2.82%) Amazon S3
17 301 (2.69%) Azure Functions
18 264 (2.36%) Azure Active Directory
19 248 (2.21%) Amazon ECS
20 239 (2.13%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 334 (2.98%) Firewall
2 217 (1.94%) DNS
3 205 (1.83%) HTTP
4 143 (1.28%) Network Security
5 139 (1.24%) SSL
6 128 (1.14%) VPN
7 94 (0.84%) TCP/IP
8 89 (0.79%) Internet
9 83 (0.74%) WAN
10 55 (0.49%) LAN
11 48 (0.43%) IPv4
11 48 (0.43%) Kerberos
12 39 (0.35%) BGP
13 33 (0.29%) SAN
14 30 (0.27%) VLAN
15 29 (0.26%) HTTPS
16 27 (0.24%) IPsec
16 27 (0.24%) MPLS
17 26 (0.23%) SNMP
18 25 (0.22%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 795 (7.09%) SQL Server
2 523 (4.67%) Big Data
3 463 (4.13%) NoSQL
4 440 (3.93%) Data Warehouse
5 432 (3.85%) Data Lake
6 407 (3.63%) Power BI
7 339 (3.02%) PostgreSQL
8 338 (3.02%) MongoDB
9 326 (2.91%) Azure SQL Database
10 303 (2.70%) Relational Database
11 295 (2.63%) Hadoop
12 237 (2.11%) MySQL
13 198 (1.77%) Amazon RDS
14 166 (1.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 164 (1.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 130 (1.16%) Oracle Database
17 129 (1.15%) BigQuery
18 126 (1.12%) Metadata
18 126 (1.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 110 (0.98%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 2,180 (19.45%) Jenkins
2 1,722 (15.36%) Git (software)
3 1,244 (11.10%) JIRA
4 590 (5.26%) GitLab
5 431 (3.85%) Maven
6 423 (3.77%) Bitbucket
7 366 (3.27%) Selenium
8 329 (2.94%) TeamCity
9 284 (2.53%) Artifactory
10 277 (2.47%) Cucumber
11 236 (2.11%) Sonatype Nexus
12 228 (2.03%) SonarQube
13 209 (1.86%) Gradle
14 208 (1.86%) Visual Studio
15 180 (1.61%) SpecFlow
16 175 (1.56%) JUnit
17 167 (1.49%) Postman
18 150 (1.34%) CircleCI
19 146 (1.30%) Subversion
20 145 (1.29%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,878 (16.75%) Finance
2 1,731 (15.44%) Social Skills
3 820 (7.32%) Banking
4 808 (7.21%) Public Sector
5 554 (4.94%) Analytical Skills
6 260 (2.32%) Retail
7 231 (2.06%) Presentation Skills
8 177 (1.58%) Marketing
9 176 (1.57%) Telecoms
10 175 (1.56%) Investment Banking
11 137 (1.22%) Legal
12 119 (1.06%) Front Office
13 105 (0.94%) Financial Institution
14 92 (0.82%) Manufacturing
15 85 (0.76%) Law
16 79 (0.70%) Documentation Skills
17 78 (0.70%) Influencing Skills
18 76 (0.68%) Retail Banking
19 71 (0.63%) Games
20 70 (0.62%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 2,858 (25.50%) DevOps Engineer
2 2,450 (21.86%) Developer
3 1,231 (10.98%) Architect
4 1,018 (9.08%) Azure Engineer
5 774 (6.91%) AWS Engineer
6 639 (5.70%) AWS DevOps
7 587 (5.24%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 552 (4.92%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 500 (4.46%) Azure DevOps
10 474 (4.23%) Cloud Engineer
11 443 (3.95%) Data Engineer
12 427 (3.81%) Analyst
13 406 (3.62%) Java Developer
14 393 (3.51%) Consultant
15 378 (3.37%) Solutions Architect
16 333 (2.97%) .NET Developer
17 317 (2.83%) Senior Developer
18 303 (2.70%) Platform Engineer
19 285 (2.54%) Full Stack Developer
20 284 (2.53%) Azure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,271 (11.34%) .NET
2 794 (7.08%) React
3 754 (6.73%) REST
4 695 (6.20%) Node.js
5 665 (5.93%) Web Services
6 645 (5.75%) Kafka
7 630 (5.62%) HTML
8 613 (5.47%) CSS
9 606 (5.41%) AngularJS
10 591 (5.27%) Spring
11 486 (4.34%) Spring Boot
12 442 (3.94%) RESTful
13 427 (3.81%) JSON
14 415 (3.70%) .NET Core
15 317 (2.83%) XML
16 296 (2.64%) .NET Framework
17 285 (2.54%) ASP.NET
18 272 (2.43%) ARM Templates
19 263 (2.35%) HTML5
20 262 (2.34%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 449 (4.01%) Cloud Native
2 430 (3.84%) Public Cloud
3 304 (2.71%) Data Protection Act
4 284 (2.53%) Greenfield Project
5 237 (2.11%) Data Centre
6 216 (1.93%) User Experience
7 193 (1.72%) Self-Motivation
8 181 (1.61%) Mobile App
9 137 (1.22%) Data Structures
10 136 (1.21%) Hybrid Cloud
10 136 (1.21%) Legacy Systems
11 131 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
12 119 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
13 110 (0.98%) Management Information System
14 99 (0.88%) Hedge funds
15 83 (0.74%) Algorithms
16 77 (0.69%) Virtual Team
17 75 (0.67%) NHS
18 73 (0.65%) Legacy Applications
19 71 (0.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 1,804 (16.09%) Linux
2 915 (8.16%) Windows
3 354 (3.16%) Unix
4 258 (2.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 196 (1.75%) Windows Server
6 101 (0.90%) Android
7 96 (0.86%) CentOS
8 74 (0.66%) Apple iOS
9 63 (0.56%) Ubuntu
10 55 (0.49%) VMS
11 48 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
12 41 (0.37%) Windows Server 2016
13 39 (0.35%) Windows Server 2019
14 35 (0.31%) Amazon Linux
15 34 (0.30%) Solaris
16 29 (0.26%) Windows 10
17 23 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
18 22 (0.20%) CoreOS
19 18 (0.16%) AIX
19 18 (0.16%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,811 (42.92%) Agile Software Development
2 1,706 (15.22%) Microservices
3 1,600 (14.27%) Infrastructure as Code
4 1,465 (13.07%) Scrum
5 1,375 (12.27%) Test Automation
6 1,091 (9.73%) Continuous Integration
7 1,026 (9.15%) TDD
8 999 (8.91%) Software Engineering
9 880 (7.85%) Analytics
10 834 (7.44%) Migration
11 789 (7.04%) Problem-Solving
12 670 (5.98%) Full Stack Development
13 629 (5.61%) Continuous Delivery
14 615 (5.49%) Configuration Management
15 598 (5.33%) Business Intelligence
16 547 (4.88%) BDD
17 524 (4.67%) SDLC
18 518 (4.62%) Mentoring
19 515 (4.59%) Stakeholder Management
20 484 (4.32%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 2,698 (24.07%) Python
2 2,206 (19.68%) Java
3 1,977 (17.64%) SQL
4 1,446 (12.90%) JavaScript
5 1,336 (11.92%) C#
6 1,036 (9.24%) PowerShell
7 825 (7.36%) Bash Shell
8 499 (4.45%) TypeScript
9 365 (3.26%) Scala
10 297 (2.65%) Groovy
11 279 (2.49%) Go
12 228 (2.03%) Ruby
13 220 (1.96%) C++
14 213 (1.90%) PHP
15 207 (1.85%) C
16 201 (1.79%) Shell Script
17 181 (1.61%) Java 8
18 180 (1.61%) T-SQL
19 158 (1.41%) Java 11
20 154 (1.37%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,215 (10.84%) Security Cleared
2 980 (8.74%) SC Cleared
3 398 (3.55%) Degree
4 165 (1.47%) DV Cleared
5 149 (1.33%) AWS Certification
6 131 (1.17%) BPSS Clearance
7 93 (0.83%) ISTQB
8 90 (0.80%) Computer Science Degree
9 55 (0.49%) CISSP
10 50 (0.45%) Cisco Certification
11 45 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
12 41 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 39 (0.35%) ISEB
14 38 (0.34%) Master's Degree
15 29 (0.26%) DBS Check
16 24 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
17 21 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
18 18 (0.16%) CISM
19 16 (0.14%) CCIE
19 16 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 405 (3.61%) QA
2 234 (2.09%) Accessibility
3 148 (1.32%) Data Quality
4 145 (1.29%) GDPR
5 69 (0.62%) SLA
6 36 (0.32%) PMO
7 31 (0.28%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 30 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 27 (0.24%) WCAG
10 26 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
11 24 (0.21%) PCI DSS
12 21 (0.19%) NCSC
13 16 (0.14%) NIST
14 13 (0.12%) GRC
15 9 (0.080%) IFRS
16 7 (0.062%) COBIT
17 5 (0.045%) Cyber Essentials
17 5 (0.045%) JTAG
18 4 (0.036%) PSD2
18 4 (0.036%) SOC 2
System Software
1 2,606 (23.25%) Docker
2 491 (4.38%) Active Directory
3 214 (1.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 111 (0.99%) Virtual Machines
5 53 (0.47%) vSphere
6 44 (0.39%) Virtual Desktop
7 42 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 38 (0.34%) HDFS
9 37 (0.33%) Hyper-V
10 36 (0.32%) VMware NSX
11 31 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
12 30 (0.27%) RACF
13 24 (0.21%) NFS
14 21 (0.19%) GridGain
15 17 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
16 14 (0.12%) Job Entry Subsystem
16 14 (0.12%) Varnish
17 13 (0.12%) vCloud
17 13 (0.12%) XenApp
18 12 (0.11%) LXC
Systems Management
1 3,108 (27.73%) Terraform
2 2,834 (25.28%) Kubernetes
3 1,962 (17.50%) Ansible
4 560 (5.00%) Puppet
5 404 (3.60%) Opscode Chef
6 322 (2.87%) Grafana
7 254 (2.27%) Prometheus
8 167 (1.49%) Kibana
9 139 (1.24%) Istio
10 135 (1.20%) Packer
11 111 (0.99%) Rancher
12 99 (0.88%) Docker Swarm
13 56 (0.50%) Nagios
14 49 (0.44%) Consul
15 46 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
16 45 (0.40%) vRealize
17 44 (0.39%) logstash
18 42 (0.37%) Bosun
19 37 (0.33%) ITRS Geneos
20 35 (0.31%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 1,424 (12.70%) Microsoft
2 664 (5.92%) Google
3 643 (5.74%) Oracle
4 464 (4.14%) Databricks
5 330 (2.94%) Splunk
5 330 (2.94%) VMware
6 265 (2.36%) Red Hat
7 241 (2.15%) Salesforce.com
8 227 (2.03%) SAP
9 213 (1.90%) Atlassian
10 193 (1.72%) IBM
11 155 (1.38%) MuleSoft
12 106 (0.95%) ServiceNow
13 105 (0.94%) Cisco
14 87 (0.78%) Cloudera
15 86 (0.77%) Informatica
16 68 (0.61%) AppDynamics
17 66 (0.59%) HP
18 65 (0.58%) New Relic
19 63 (0.56%) Dynatrace