Period
to 13 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 13 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
13 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 9 11 12
Rank change year-on-year +2 +1 +15
Contract jobs citing DevOps 4,130 9,905 8,747
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 12.03% 10.92% 8.54%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 13.98% 12.57% 9.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,055 7,077 6,312
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £372 £393 £380
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £495 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -1.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 48 18
Median hourly rate £35.00 £47.69 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.61% +5.98% +4.65%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £45.64 £35.00
% change year-on-year -23.30% +30.39% -22.22%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 29,541 78,776 89,039
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.02% 86.82% 86.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,422 51,721 58,723
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,082 2,287 2,409
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.50 £21.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +15.29% -12.77%
10th Percentile £12.75 £11.80 £11.18
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £30.58 £24.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +27.40% +20.00% -18.37%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Daily rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 13 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Hourly rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 13 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 13 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 3,821 £525 -2.33% 1,328
London +1 2,192 £550 - 544
UK excluding London -1 1,744 £495 -1.00% 847
North of England -1 463 £506 +3.85% 276
South East -3 442 £500 - 202
Work from Home +1 406 £500 - 231
South West +1 272 £500 -4.76% 105
Midlands +2 248 £450 -10.00% 124
North West +3 234 £519 +3.70% 158
West Midlands 0 173 £475 -5.00% 76
Yorkshire -1 155 £500 +5.26% 78
Scotland -2 141 £425 -15.00% 43
East of England +5 130 £500 +2.56% 70
East Midlands +5 69 £393 -19.90% 47
North East 0 66 £500 +11.11% 40
Wales -12 34 £500 +5.26% 26
Northern Ireland +7 12 £425 -22.73% 3

For the 6 months to 13 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 2,007 (48.60%) Agile Software Development
2 1,807 (43.75%) Azure
3 1,512 (36.61%) AWS
4 1,133 (27.43%) Kubernetes
5 1,129 (27.34%) Java
6 1,123 (27.19%) Python
7 1,063 (25.74%) Docker
8 1,011 (24.48%) Terraform
9 999 (24.19%) Jenkins
10 771 (18.67%) Finance
11 755 (18.28%) Ansible
12 750 (18.16%) Git (software)
12 750 (18.16%) Linux
13 740 (17.92%) SQL
14 739 (17.89%) Security Cleared
15 674 (16.32%) Test Automation
16 635 (15.38%) Microservices
17 607 (14.70%) Scrum
18 605 (14.65%) Continuous Integration
19 602 (14.58%) Microsoft
20 591 (14.31%) JavaScript
21 587 (14.21%) SC Cleared
22 518 (12.54%) Software Engineering
23 507 (12.28%) JIRA
24 491 (11.89%) Web Services
25 485 (11.74%) .NET
25 485 (11.74%) GCP
26 479 (11.60%) SQL Server
27 467 (11.31%) C#
28 439 (10.63%) TDD

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 307 (7.43%) Confluence
2 138 (3.34%) Apache
3 115 (2.78%) Elasticsearch
4 110 (2.66%) SharePoint
5 82 (1.99%) Apache Spark
6 69 (1.67%) Tomcat
7 65 (1.57%) Cloud Foundry
8 59 (1.43%) WebLogic
9 56 (1.36%) nginx
10 39 (0.94%) JBoss
11 38 (0.92%) SAS
12 33 (0.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 32 (0.77%) IIS
14 31 (0.75%) WebSphere
15 30 (0.73%) Mule
16 27 (0.65%) CMS
17 25 (0.61%) OpenStack
18 24 (0.58%) Red Hat Fuse
19 21 (0.51%) NServiceBus
20 20 (0.48%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 67 (1.62%) Microsoft Office
2 46 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
3 26 (0.63%) MS Visio
4 19 (0.46%) Photoshop
5 16 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.15%) Figma
7 5 (0.12%) InVision
7 5 (0.12%) Sketch
8 3 (0.073%) Acrobat
9 2 (0.048%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.048%) Zeplin
10 1 (0.024%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.024%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 59 (1.43%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
2 12 (0.29%) Teamcenter
3 11 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 10 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
4 10 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
5 9 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
6 5 (0.12%) Visualfiles
7 4 (0.097%) Distributed Ledger
7 4 (0.097%) Magento
7 4 (0.097%) NetSuite
7 4 (0.097%) Oracle Applications
7 4 (0.097%) Oracle ERP
7 4 (0.097%) Remedy ITSM
7 4 (0.097%) SAP ERP
8 3 (0.073%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 3 (0.073%) thinkFolio
9 2 (0.048%) Front Arena
9 2 (0.048%) ResourceLink
Cloud Services
1 1,807 (43.75%) Azure
2 1,512 (36.61%) AWS
3 485 (11.74%) GCP
4 367 (8.89%) Serverless
5 269 (6.51%) GitHub
6 262 (6.34%) AWS Lambda
7 240 (5.81%) PaaS
8 221 (5.35%) AWS CloudFormation
9 214 (5.18%) OpenShift
10 211 (5.11%) Amazon S3
11 201 (4.87%) Amazon EC2
12 199 (4.82%) Amazon ECS
13 192 (4.65%) Power Platform
14 180 (4.36%) IaaS
15 141 (3.41%) SaaS
16 93 (2.25%) Amazon SQS
17 78 (1.89%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 77 (1.86%) Azure Data Factory
19 75 (1.82%) Apigee
20 72 (1.74%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 134 (3.24%) Firewall
2 117 (2.83%) DNS
3 99 (2.40%) HTTP
4 65 (1.57%) TCP/IP
5 62 (1.50%) SSL
6 52 (1.26%) Internet
7 47 (1.14%) VPN
8 45 (1.09%) Network Security
9 30 (0.73%) WAN
10 29 (0.70%) DHCP
11 23 (0.56%) VLAN
12 22 (0.53%) SNMP
13 21 (0.51%) Kerberos
13 21 (0.51%) Skype
14 20 (0.48%) BGP
15 18 (0.44%) LAN
15 18 (0.44%) Reverse Proxy
16 15 (0.36%) HTTPS
16 15 (0.36%) SSH
17 14 (0.34%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 479 (11.60%) SQL Server
2 230 (5.57%) Big Data
3 212 (5.13%) PostgreSQL
4 193 (4.67%) MySQL
5 192 (4.65%) Data Warehouse
6 188 (4.55%) Hadoop
7 184 (4.46%) Power BI
8 165 (4.00%) Amazon Redshift
9 156 (3.78%) Amazon RDS
10 135 (3.27%) Data Lake
11 129 (3.12%) MongoDB
11 129 (3.12%) NoSQL
11 129 (3.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 92 (2.23%) Relational Database
13 84 (2.03%) Azure SQL Database
14 75 (1.82%) Oracle Database
15 73 (1.77%) Cosmos DB
16 63 (1.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 58 (1.40%) Redis
18 57 (1.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 999 (24.19%) Jenkins
2 750 (18.16%) Git (software)
3 507 (12.28%) JIRA
4 294 (7.12%) GitLab
5 235 (5.69%) Selenium
6 200 (4.84%) Maven
7 184 (4.46%) Artifactory
8 159 (3.85%) JUnit
9 158 (3.83%) Cucumber
10 135 (3.27%) Bitbucket
11 122 (2.95%) Visual Studio
12 112 (2.71%) Team Foundation Server
13 109 (2.64%) Sonatype Nexus
14 93 (2.25%) RStudio
14 93 (2.25%) SonarQube
15 91 (2.20%) Visual Studio Team System
16 86 (2.08%) Gradle
17 84 (2.03%) CircleCI
18 78 (1.89%) Subversion
19 76 (1.84%) JMeter
General
1 771 (18.67%) Finance
2 383 (9.27%) Banking
3 292 (7.07%) Public Sector
4 196 (4.75%) Front Office
5 141 (3.41%) Investment Banking
6 64 (1.55%) Telecoms
7 57 (1.38%) Marketing
8 55 (1.33%) Back Office
9 43 (1.04%) Retail
10 39 (0.94%) Law
10 39 (0.94%) Manufacturing
11 25 (0.61%) Electronics
11 25 (0.61%) Games
12 24 (0.58%) Financial Institution
13 23 (0.56%) Police
14 21 (0.51%) Aerospace
15 19 (0.46%) Retail Banking
16 16 (0.39%) Legal
17 15 (0.36%) Advertising
17 15 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,099 (26.61%) Developer
2 1,073 (25.98%) DevOps Engineer
3 394 (9.54%) AWS Engineer
4 387 (9.37%) Architect
5 277 (6.71%) AWS DevOps
6 273 (6.61%) Azure Engineer
7 270 (6.54%) Java Developer
8 223 (5.40%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 191 (4.62%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 173 (4.19%) AWS Developer
11 171 (4.14%) Consultant
12 168 (4.07%) Cloud Engineer
13 157 (3.80%) Azure DevOps
14 141 (3.41%) Software Engineer
15 139 (3.37%) .NET Developer
16 132 (3.20%) Analyst
17 129 (3.12%) Senior DevOps
18 122 (2.95%) Senior Developer
19 116 (2.81%) Python Engineer
20 114 (2.76%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 491 (11.89%) Web Services
2 485 (11.74%) .NET
3 362 (8.77%) Node.js
4 343 (8.31%) React
5 329 (7.97%) AngularJS
6 297 (7.19%) REST
7 258 (6.25%) HTML
8 241 (5.84%) CSS
9 217 (5.25%) Spring
10 184 (4.46%) Spring Boot
11 138 (3.34%) JSON
12 134 (3.24%) ASP.NET
13 133 (3.22%) Kafka
14 132 (3.20%) RESTful
15 130 (3.15%) .NET Core
16 126 (3.05%) HTML5
17 120 (2.91%) .NET Framework
18 119 (2.88%) OAuth
19 117 (2.83%) SOAP
20 115 (2.78%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 181 (4.38%) Analytical Skills
2 169 (4.09%) Hedge funds
3 167 (4.04%) Derivative
3 167 (4.04%) User Experience
4 166 (4.02%) Fixed Income
5 161 (3.90%) Equities
5 161 (3.90%) Greenfield Project
6 144 (3.49%) Public Cloud
7 106 (2.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 103 (2.49%) Cloud Native
9 95 (2.30%) Data Centre
10 83 (2.01%) Mobile App
11 74 (1.79%) Self-Motivation
12 68 (1.65%) Management Information System
13 63 (1.53%) Linux Command Line
14 57 (1.38%) Enterprise Software
15 54 (1.31%) Hybrid Cloud
16 51 (1.23%) PKI
17 41 (0.99%) Private Cloud
18 36 (0.87%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 750 (18.16%) Linux
2 420 (10.17%) Windows
3 214 (5.18%) Unix
4 139 (3.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 113 (2.74%) Windows Server
6 85 (2.06%) Android
7 84 (2.03%) CentOS
8 57 (1.38%) Apple iOS
8 57 (1.38%) Windows Server 2016
9 48 (1.16%) Windows 10
10 46 (1.11%) Windows Server 2012
11 33 (0.80%) Windows Server 2008
12 31 (0.75%) VMS
13 28 (0.68%) Ubuntu
13 28 (0.68%) Windows Server 2019
14 25 (0.61%) Solaris
15 22 (0.53%) Mac OS X
16 17 (0.41%) Debian
17 16 (0.39%) Windows 7
18 13 (0.31%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,007 (48.60%) Agile Software Development
2 674 (16.32%) Test Automation
3 635 (15.38%) Microservices
4 607 (14.70%) Scrum
5 605 (14.65%) Continuous Integration
6 518 (12.54%) Software Engineering
7 439 (10.63%) TDD
8 426 (10.31%) Infrastructure as Code
9 314 (7.60%) Migration
10 313 (7.58%) Continuous Delivery
11 299 (7.24%) Configuration Management
12 278 (6.73%) Asset Management
13 271 (6.56%) Analytics
13 271 (6.56%) Kanban
14 255 (6.17%) Business Intelligence
15 239 (5.79%) BDD
15 239 (5.79%) Open Source
16 210 (5.08%) Mentoring
17 209 (5.06%) Deployment Automation
18 203 (4.92%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 1,129 (27.34%) Java
2 1,123 (27.19%) Python
3 740 (17.92%) SQL
4 591 (14.31%) JavaScript
5 467 (11.31%) C#
6 420 (10.17%) PowerShell
7 281 (6.80%) Bash Shell
8 129 (3.12%) Ruby
9 127 (3.08%) Shell Script
10 110 (2.66%) Go
11 99 (2.40%) TypeScript
12 98 (2.37%) Groovy
12 98 (2.37%) Scala
13 94 (2.28%) Perl
14 87 (2.11%) Java 8
15 83 (2.01%) T-SQL
16 82 (1.99%) R
17 68 (1.65%) C
18 63 (1.53%) Kotlin
19 62 (1.50%) PHP
Qualifications
1 739 (17.89%) Security Cleared
2 587 (14.21%) SC Cleared
3 142 (3.44%) Degree
4 114 (2.76%) DV Cleared
5 76 (1.84%) AWS Certification
6 68 (1.65%) Computer Science Degree
7 48 (1.16%) ISTQB
8 44 (1.07%) Cisco Certification
9 42 (1.02%) BPSS Clearance
10 40 (0.97%) Microsoft Certification
11 38 (0.92%) ISEB
12 35 (0.85%) CISSP
13 25 (0.61%) CCA
14 19 (0.46%) CISM
14 19 (0.46%) Sun Certification
15 16 (0.39%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 15 (0.36%) CISA
17 12 (0.29%) CCNP
17 12 (0.29%) DBS Check
17 12 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 191 (4.62%) QA
2 38 (0.92%) WCAG
3 35 (0.85%) GDPR
4 28 (0.68%) SLA
5 23 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 18 (0.44%) Data Quality
7 12 (0.29%) HIPAA
8 11 (0.27%) PCI DSS
9 10 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
9 10 (0.24%) NIST
10 9 (0.22%) PMO
10 9 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 7 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
11 7 (0.17%) NCSC
12 5 (0.12%) JSP 440
13 4 (0.097%) COBIT
13 4 (0.097%) Government Security Classifications
13 4 (0.097%) GxP
13 4 (0.097%) NIST 800
14 3 (0.073%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
System Software
1 1,063 (25.74%) Docker
2 182 (4.41%) Active Directory
3 93 (2.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 56 (1.36%) Virtual Machines
5 29 (0.70%) VMware NSX
6 24 (0.58%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 23 (0.56%) vSphere
8 19 (0.46%) HDFS
9 17 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
10 12 (0.29%) Hyper-V
11 11 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
12 8 (0.19%) NFS
12 8 (0.19%) RACF
13 7 (0.17%) XenApp
14 5 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
15 4 (0.097%) Apache Flume
15 4 (0.097%) Gluster
15 4 (0.097%) LXC
15 4 (0.097%) VirtualBox
15 4 (0.097%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,133 (27.43%) Kubernetes
2 1,011 (24.48%) Terraform
3 755 (18.28%) Ansible
4 342 (8.28%) Puppet
5 246 (5.96%) Opscode Chef
6 90 (2.18%) Packer
7 71 (1.72%) Prometheus
8 69 (1.67%) Grafana
9 40 (0.97%) Kibana
10 34 (0.82%) Salt
11 28 (0.68%) Consul
12 25 (0.61%) Istio
12 25 (0.61%) Single Sign-On
13 23 (0.56%) logstash
14 22 (0.53%) Docker Swarm
15 21 (0.51%) Rancher
16 16 (0.39%) Nagios
17 15 (0.36%) Argo
17 15 (0.36%) SCOM
18 14 (0.34%) SCCM
Vendors
1 602 (14.58%) Microsoft
2 331 (8.01%) Google
3 315 (7.63%) Oracle
4 149 (3.61%) VMware
5 122 (2.95%) Red Hat
6 106 (2.57%) Cloudera
7 100 (2.42%) Splunk
8 83 (2.01%) Atlassian
9 81 (1.96%) Databricks
10 73 (1.77%) SAP
11 72 (1.74%) Cisco
12 71 (1.72%) Hortonworks
13 60 (1.45%) AppDynamics
14 55 (1.33%) ServiceNow
15 43 (1.04%) MuleSoft
16 41 (0.99%) IBM
17 40 (0.97%) Informatica
18 34 (0.82%) Tableau
19 31 (0.75%) F5
20 30 (0.73%) Salesforce.com