Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 11 12 27
Rank change year-on-year +1 +15 +8
Contract jobs citing DevOps 9,378 8,794 6,471
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.74% 8.63% 6.56%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 12.41% 9.94% 7.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,508 6,210 4,696
UK median daily rate £530 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.95% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £400 £385 £370
90th Percentile £688 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £479 £475
% change year-on-year +4.44% +0.79% +2.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 20 21
UK median hourly rate £45.64 £48.75 £46.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.39% +4.84% -15.45%
10th Percentile £35.00 £24.03 £35.00
90th Percentile £73.75 £72.50 £61.69
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.50 £42.50 £47.00
% change year-on-year +4.71% -9.57% -14.55%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 75,597 88,473 84,977
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.57% 86.79% 86.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 49,590 58,400 55,989
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £278
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,261 2,445 2,104
UK median hourly rate £24.08 £20.50 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.46% -14.58% +5.10%
10th Percentile £11.80 £11.17 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.93 £20.00 £23.50
% change year-on-year +19.63% -14.89% -

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing DevOps.

Contractor daily rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps.

Contractor hourly rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 8,796 £538 +2.38% 2,269
London +3 4,884 £550 - 1,029
UK excluding London +14 4,355 £500 +4.44% 1,428
South East +17 1,319 £500 - 349
North of England +5 1,091 £490 +5.95% 358
South West +21 638 £525 +10.53% 180
Midlands +2 528 £500 +5.26% 175
North West +3 505 £500 +0.96% 200
Yorkshire +14 443 £475 +5.56% 125
West Midlands +3 350 £500 - 110
Scotland +10 338 £500 - 124
East of England +4 309 £500 -4.08% 178
East Midlands +8 170 £450 +3.45% 64
North East +2 142 £450 - 33
Wales +8 115 £450 -10.00% 53
Northern Ireland +16 26 £575 +15.00% 11
Channel Islands - 1 £513 -

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 4,598 (49.03%) Agile Software Development
2 3,478 (37.09%) AWS
3 3,161 (33.71%) Azure
4 2,707 (28.87%) Docker
5 2,449 (26.11%) Python
6 2,372 (25.29%) Kubernetes
7 2,365 (25.22%) Jenkins
8 2,356 (25.12%) Linux
9 2,233 (23.81%) Ansible
10 2,198 (23.44%) Terraform
11 2,190 (23.35%) Java
12 1,708 (18.21%) Git (software)
13 1,697 (18.10%) Finance
14 1,475 (15.73%) Scrum
15 1,463 (15.60%) Continuous Integration
16 1,398 (14.91%) Microservices
17 1,294 (13.80%) JavaScript
18 1,285 (13.70%) SQL
19 1,223 (13.04%) Test Automation
20 1,176 (12.54%) Puppet
21 1,094 (11.67%) JIRA
22 1,054 (11.24%) Microsoft
23 1,033 (11.02%) Security Cleared
24 973 (10.38%) TDD
25 972 (10.36%) C#
26 960 (10.24%) .NET
27 910 (9.70%) GCP
28 909 (9.69%) Windows
29 894 (9.53%) Configuration Management
30 885 (9.44%) PowerShell

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 564 (6.01%) Confluence
2 299 (3.19%) Apache Spark
3 278 (2.96%) Apache
4 207 (2.21%) Elasticsearch
5 197 (2.10%) nginx
6 157 (1.67%) OpenStack
7 156 (1.66%) Tomcat
8 146 (1.56%) IIS
9 127 (1.35%) SharePoint
10 93 (0.99%) JBoss
11 90 (0.96%) WebSphere
12 82 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
13 75 (0.80%) CMS
14 49 (0.52%) WebLogic
15 41 (0.44%) Apache Solr
16 40 (0.43%) WordPress
17 38 (0.41%) Apache Airflow
18 37 (0.39%) Mule
19 33 (0.35%) SAS
20 32 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 97 (1.03%) Microsoft Office
2 77 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
3 21 (0.22%) MS Visio
4 19 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
5 9 (0.096%) Chatbot
6 7 (0.075%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (0.075%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.064%) Microsoft Project
8 5 (0.053%) InVision
9 4 (0.043%) Zeplin
10 2 (0.021%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.011%) Sketch
11 1 (0.011%) Stata
Business Applications
1 84 (0.90%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
2 22 (0.23%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 22 (0.23%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 17 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
4 16 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 16 (0.17%) Sonata
5 15 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
6 14 (0.15%) Magento
7 13 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
8 12 (0.13%) Eloqua
9 11 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
10 10 (0.11%) NetSuite
10 10 (0.11%) Temenos T24
11 8 (0.085%) Markit EDM
11 8 (0.085%) SAP S/4HANA
12 6 (0.064%) assyst
12 6 (0.064%) Misys Opics
12 6 (0.064%) SAP ERP
13 5 (0.053%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 3,478 (37.09%) AWS
2 3,161 (33.71%) Azure
3 910 (9.70%) GCP
4 659 (7.03%) Serverless
5 547 (5.83%) PaaS
6 545 (5.81%) Amazon S3
7 544 (5.80%) AWS CloudFormation
8 538 (5.74%) GitHub
9 523 (5.58%) OpenShift
10 490 (5.22%) Amazon EC2
11 482 (5.14%) AWS Lambda
12 453 (4.83%) IaaS
13 304 (3.24%) SaaS
14 233 (2.48%) Amazon ECS
15 232 (2.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 211 (2.25%) Power Platform
17 200 (2.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 194 (2.07%) Amazon SQS
19 158 (1.68%) Cloud Computing
20 157 (1.67%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 272 (2.90%) DNS
2 239 (2.55%) Firewall
3 221 (2.36%) HTTP
4 197 (2.10%) TCP/IP
5 150 (1.60%) SSL
6 147 (1.57%) Internet
7 129 (1.38%) VPN
8 95 (1.01%) WAN
9 93 (0.99%) DHCP
10 80 (0.85%) Network Security
11 79 (0.84%) FTP
12 54 (0.58%) IPsec
13 51 (0.54%) SAN
14 48 (0.51%) LAN
15 35 (0.37%) Skype
16 28 (0.30%) Intrusion Detection
17 27 (0.29%) OpenVPN
18 24 (0.26%) NAS
19 22 (0.23%) SSH
20 21 (0.22%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 638 (6.80%) SQL Server
2 534 (5.69%) Big Data
3 455 (4.85%) NoSQL
4 422 (4.50%) MySQL
5 396 (4.22%) Amazon RDS
6 375 (4.00%) MongoDB
7 342 (3.65%) PostgreSQL
8 340 (3.63%) Relational Database
9 284 (3.03%) Hadoop
10 206 (2.20%) Data Warehouse
11 202 (2.15%) Power BI
12 189 (2.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 186 (1.98%) RDBMS
14 173 (1.84%) Amazon Redshift
15 166 (1.77%) Data Lake
16 153 (1.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 137 (1.46%) Azure SQL Database
17 137 (1.46%) Oracle Database
18 119 (1.27%) Apache Cassandra
19 109 (1.16%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 2,365 (25.22%) Jenkins
2 1,708 (18.21%) Git (software)
3 1,094 (11.67%) JIRA
4 536 (5.72%) Visual Studio Team System
5 417 (4.45%) Selenium
6 349 (3.72%) Maven
7 332 (3.54%) GitLab
8 324 (3.45%) Sonatype Nexus
9 296 (3.16%) Bitbucket
9 296 (3.16%) Visual Studio
10 294 (3.13%) TeamCity
11 283 (3.02%) Cucumber
12 277 (2.95%) Artifactory
13 251 (2.68%) JUnit
14 224 (2.39%) Team Foundation Server
15 214 (2.28%) SonarQube
16 166 (1.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 161 (1.72%) Octopus Deploy
18 144 (1.54%) Subversion
19 136 (1.45%) Travis CI
General
1 1,697 (18.10%) Finance
2 658 (7.02%) Banking
3 452 (4.82%) Public Sector
4 241 (2.57%) Retail
5 156 (1.66%) Financial Institution
6 146 (1.56%) Front Office
7 144 (1.54%) Marketing
8 139 (1.48%) Telecoms
9 84 (0.90%) Manufacturing
10 81 (0.86%) Legal
11 78 (0.83%) Law
12 74 (0.79%) Investment Banking
13 65 (0.69%) Games
14 63 (0.67%) Publishing
15 58 (0.62%) Billing
15 58 (0.62%) Retail Banking
16 43 (0.46%) Electronics
17 40 (0.43%) Advertising
18 20 (0.21%) Back Office
19 17 (0.18%) Military
Job Titles
1 3,210 (34.23%) DevOps Engineer
2 2,152 (22.95%) Developer
3 783 (8.35%) AWS Engineer
4 743 (7.92%) AWS DevOps
5 742 (7.91%) Architect
6 604 (6.44%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 585 (6.24%) Azure Engineer
8 582 (6.21%) Cloud Engineer
9 563 (6.00%) Azure DevOps
10 477 (5.09%) Java Developer
11 464 (4.95%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 375 (4.00%) Senior DevOps
13 335 (3.57%) Analyst
14 319 (3.40%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 298 (3.18%) Consultant
16 289 (3.08%) Senior Developer
17 274 (2.92%) Kubernetes Engineer
18 252 (2.69%) Full Stack Developer
19 242 (2.58%) Platform Engineer
20 241 (2.57%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 960 (10.24%) .NET
2 794 (8.47%) Node.js
3 771 (8.22%) Web Services
4 617 (6.58%) AngularJS
5 536 (5.72%) HTML
6 518 (5.52%) REST
6 518 (5.52%) Spring
7 499 (5.32%) CSS
8 476 (5.08%) React
9 471 (5.02%) Kafka
10 457 (4.87%) RESTful
11 416 (4.44%) JSON
12 323 (3.44%) Spring Boot
13 248 (2.64%) HTML5
14 243 (2.59%) .NET Core
15 231 (2.46%) Elastic Stack
16 229 (2.44%) XML
17 215 (2.29%) SOAP
18 210 (2.24%) ASP.NET
19 204 (2.18%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 392 (4.18%) Greenfield Project
2 363 (3.87%) Analytical Skills
3 342 (3.65%) Public Cloud
4 212 (2.26%) Cloud Native
5 193 (2.06%) Data Centre
6 173 (1.84%) User Experience
7 145 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
8 140 (1.49%) Linux Command Line
9 132 (1.41%) Mobile App
10 118 (1.26%) Self-Motivation
11 109 (1.16%) Hybrid Cloud
12 104 (1.11%) Algorithms
13 97 (1.03%) Private Cloud
14 93 (0.99%) Management Information System
15 91 (0.97%) Virtual Team
16 89 (0.95%) Data Structures
17 78 (0.83%) Fixed Income
18 70 (0.75%) Clustering
19 57 (0.61%) Enterprise Cloud
20 56 (0.60%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 2,356 (25.12%) Linux
2 909 (9.69%) Windows
3 541 (5.77%) Unix
4 537 (5.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 252 (2.69%) CentOS
6 216 (2.30%) Windows Server
7 136 (1.45%) Ubuntu
8 95 (1.01%) Android
9 82 (0.87%) Apple iOS
10 62 (0.66%) Windows Server 2012
11 61 (0.65%) Solaris
12 45 (0.48%) Windows 10
13 33 (0.35%) VMS
14 31 (0.33%) Mac OS
15 27 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
16 25 (0.27%) CoreOS
16 25 (0.27%) Debian
17 24 (0.26%) AIX
17 24 (0.26%) Mac OS X
18 17 (0.18%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,598 (49.03%) Agile Software Development
2 1,475 (15.73%) Scrum
3 1,463 (15.60%) Continuous Integration
4 1,398 (14.91%) Microservices
5 1,223 (13.04%) Test Automation
6 973 (10.38%) TDD
7 894 (9.53%) Configuration Management
8 871 (9.29%) Infrastructure as Code
9 821 (8.75%) Migration
10 767 (8.18%) Software Engineering
11 695 (7.41%) Open Source
12 645 (6.88%) Kanban
13 627 (6.69%) Continuous Delivery
14 595 (6.34%) BDD
15 537 (5.73%) Analytics
16 535 (5.70%) Problem-Solving
17 399 (4.25%) Mentoring
18 368 (3.92%) SDLC
19 354 (3.77%) Deployment Automation
20 351 (3.74%) OO
Programming Languages
1 2,449 (26.11%) Python
2 2,190 (23.35%) Java
3 1,294 (13.80%) JavaScript
4 1,285 (13.70%) SQL
5 972 (10.36%) C#
6 885 (9.44%) PowerShell
7 802 (8.55%) Bash Shell
8 571 (6.09%) Ruby
9 320 (3.41%) Go
10 299 (3.19%) Java 8
11 278 (2.96%) Scala
12 277 (2.95%) Perl
13 268 (2.86%) Shell Script
14 248 (2.64%) PHP
15 207 (2.21%) TypeScript
16 198 (2.11%) Groovy
17 141 (1.50%) C++
18 134 (1.43%) C
19 95 (1.01%) R
20 89 (0.95%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,033 (11.02%) Security Cleared
2 783 (8.35%) SC Cleared
3 339 (3.61%) Degree
4 222 (2.37%) AWS Certification
5 128 (1.36%) DV Cleared
6 81 (0.86%) Computer Science Degree
7 76 (0.81%) BPSS Clearance
8 75 (0.80%) CISSP
9 58 (0.62%) RHCE
10 52 (0.55%) Microsoft Certification
11 50 (0.53%) ISTQB
12 44 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
13 35 (0.37%) DBS Check
14 33 (0.35%) PMI Certification
15 30 (0.32%) CISM
16 29 (0.31%) CCNP
17 28 (0.30%) ISEB
17 28 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
18 25 (0.27%) MCSA
18 25 (0.27%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 398 (4.24%) QA
2 76 (0.81%) GDPR
3 72 (0.77%) SLA
4 71 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 58 (0.62%) NIST
6 57 (0.61%) PCI DSS
7 55 (0.59%) Data Quality
8 31 (0.33%) NCSC
9 27 (0.29%) PMO
10 19 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
11 18 (0.19%) WCAG
12 17 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 14 (0.15%) PSD2
14 10 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 6 (0.064%) NIST 800
16 5 (0.053%) COBIT
17 4 (0.043%) Cyber Essentials
17 4 (0.043%) HL7
17 4 (0.043%) PA-DSS
18 3 (0.032%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
System Software
1 2,707 (28.87%) Docker
2 344 (3.67%) Active Directory
3 183 (1.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 160 (1.71%) Virtual Machines
5 65 (0.69%) Hyper-V
6 45 (0.48%) HDFS
7 42 (0.45%) vSphere
8 27 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
9 24 (0.26%) LXC
10 20 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
11 19 (0.20%) Gluster
11 19 (0.20%) VMware NSX
12 17 (0.18%) XenApp
13 15 (0.16%) vCloud
13 15 (0.16%) Xen
14 11 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 10 (0.11%) PowerDNS
15 10 (0.11%) VirtualBox
15 10 (0.11%) XenDesktop
16 9 (0.096%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 2,372 (25.29%) Kubernetes
2 2,233 (23.81%) Ansible
3 2,198 (23.44%) Terraform
4 1,176 (12.54%) Puppet
5 871 (9.29%) Opscode Chef
6 241 (2.57%) Packer
7 186 (1.98%) Grafana
8 165 (1.76%) Prometheus
9 161 (1.72%) Consul
10 116 (1.24%) Kibana
11 114 (1.22%) Salt
12 78 (0.83%) Nagios
13 63 (0.67%) Docker Swarm
14 58 (0.62%) logstash
15 54 (0.58%) Single Sign-On
16 48 (0.51%) Mesos
17 46 (0.49%) SCCM
17 46 (0.49%) ZABBIX
18 44 (0.47%) HAProxy
19 37 (0.39%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,054 (11.24%) Microsoft
2 620 (6.61%) Google
3 551 (5.88%) Oracle
4 475 (5.07%) Red Hat
5 330 (3.52%) Splunk
5 330 (3.52%) VMware
6 211 (2.25%) Atlassian
7 176 (1.88%) SAP
8 154 (1.64%) IBM
9 151 (1.61%) Salesforce.com
10 145 (1.55%) MuleSoft
11 139 (1.48%) Cisco
12 105 (1.12%) Databricks
13 93 (0.99%) Informatica
14 90 (0.96%) ServiceNow
15 87 (0.93%) Cloudera
15 87 (0.93%) New Relic
16 69 (0.74%) AppDynamics
17 67 (0.71%) Citrix
17 67 (0.71%) Tableau