Period
to 17 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 17 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 8 11 10
Rank change year-on-year +3 -1 +11
Contract jobs citing DevOps 4,990 7,427 9,982
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 12.32% 10.19% 10.04%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 14.29% 11.91% 11.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,958 5,442 7,179
Median daily rate £520 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.45% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £363 £400 £400
90th Percentile £650 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -5.00% - +1.01%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 37 13
Median hourly rate £44.00 £72.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -39.31% +45.00% +1.01%
10th Percentile £22.20 £26.90 £28.32
90th Percentile £55.00 £78.75 £70.42
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year -2.17% -8.00% +1.01%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 34,928 62,346 86,956
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.24% 85.58% 87.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,555 41,676 58,409
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £300 £281 £300
90th Percentile £650 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £433 £425
% change year-on-year -1.73% +1.76% +5.20%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,139 1,915 2,115
Median hourly rate £27.00 £21.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +28.57% -4.55% +2.33%
10th Percentile £11.87 £11.88 £11.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £53.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate £24.00 £19.75 £21.00
% change year-on-year +21.50% -5.94% -2.33%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Daily rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 17 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Hourly rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 17 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 3,964 £500 -9.09% 1,970
London -2 2,356 £525 -8.70% 865
Work from Home +3 1,666 £525 -4.55% 405
UK excluding London +1 1,605 £475 -5.00% 1,238
South East +6 483 £475 -7.32% 236
North of England -2 384 £475 -4.04% 404
North West +3 229 £475 -5.00% 223
Midlands +3 214 £450 -8.40% 157
South West +1 210 £500 -4.76% 161
Scotland -2 159 £450 -12.20% 110
West Midlands +2 129 £425 -15.00% 106
Yorkshire -6 115 £459 -5.95% 142
East of England +2 109 £500 - 125
East Midlands +4 83 £468 +10.65% 51
Wales -5 44 £500 +5.26% 38
North East -3 40 £500 +13.31% 39
Northern Ireland -10 3 £480 -16.52% 9

For the 6 months to 17 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 2,205 (44.19%) Agile Software Development
2 2,113 (42.34%) Azure
3 1,684 (33.75%) AWS
4 1,438 (28.82%) Terraform
5 1,412 (28.30%) Python
6 1,382 (27.70%) Kubernetes
7 1,254 (25.13%) Docker
8 1,174 (23.53%) Jenkins
9 1,127 (22.59%) Java
10 1,003 (20.10%) Ansible
11 976 (19.56%) Linux
12 846 (16.95%) Security Cleared
13 821 (16.45%) SQL
14 815 (16.33%) Git (software)
15 780 (15.63%) Microservices
16 741 (14.85%) Finance
17 698 (13.99%) Test Automation
18 696 (13.95%) Infrastructure as Code
19 695 (13.93%) SC Cleared
20 654 (13.11%) Scrum
21 623 (12.48%) Microsoft
22 593 (11.88%) JavaScript
23 566 (11.34%) TDD
24 529 (10.60%) Windows
25 520 (10.42%) Continuous Integration
26 516 (10.34%) JIRA
27 510 (10.22%) GCP
28 504 (10.10%) PowerShell
29 458 (9.18%) .NET
30 451 (9.04%) Bash Shell

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 307 (6.15%) Confluence
2 154 (3.09%) Elasticsearch
3 132 (2.65%) Apache
4 111 (2.22%) Apache Spark
5 81 (1.62%) nginx
6 77 (1.54%) Cloud Foundry
7 68 (1.36%) SharePoint
8 60 (1.20%) WebLogic
9 59 (1.18%) Tomcat
10 57 (1.14%) IIS
11 50 (1.00%) JBoss
12 47 (0.94%) CMS
13 44 (0.88%) Mule
14 32 (0.64%) OpenStack
15 31 (0.62%) Red Hat Fuse
16 27 (0.54%) SAS
17 22 (0.44%) Apache Airflow
17 22 (0.44%) WebSphere
18 20 (0.40%) Jupyter
19 17 (0.34%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 73 (1.46%) Microsoft Office
2 57 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
3 45 (0.90%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
5 13 (0.26%) Chatbot
6 8 (0.16%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.060%) Figma
8 2 (0.040%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.020%) 3ds Max
9 1 (0.020%) Adobe XD
9 1 (0.020%) Blender
9 1 (0.020%) InVision
9 1 (0.020%) Maya
9 1 (0.020%) Sketch
9 1 (0.020%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 49 (0.98%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 8 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 7 (0.14%) Magento
4 7 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
4 7 (0.14%) Sentinel
5 6 (0.12%) SAP CRM
5 6 (0.12%) SAP ERP
6 5 (0.10%) Aligne
6 5 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
6 5 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
6 5 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.10%) SAP IS-U
7 4 (0.080%) Oracle Payables
8 3 (0.060%) Distributed Ledger
8 3 (0.060%) Infor M3
8 3 (0.060%) NetSuite
8 3 (0.060%) Oracle Financials
9 2 (0.040%) Oracle Applications
9 2 (0.040%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 2,113 (42.34%) Azure
2 1,684 (33.75%) AWS
3 510 (10.22%) GCP
4 445 (8.92%) Serverless
5 346 (6.93%) GitHub
6 338 (6.77%) PaaS
7 275 (5.51%) AWS Lambda
8 255 (5.11%) AWS CloudFormation
9 222 (4.45%) IaaS
10 187 (3.75%) Amazon EC2
11 179 (3.59%) Power Platform
12 176 (3.53%) OpenShift
13 170 (3.41%) Amazon S3
14 168 (3.37%) Amazon ECS
15 160 (3.21%) Amazon EKS
16 136 (2.73%) Azure Data Factory
17 130 (2.61%) SaaS
18 120 (2.40%) Azure Functions
19 117 (2.34%) Azure Active Directory
20 94 (1.88%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 206 (4.13%) Firewall
2 115 (2.30%) DNS
3 81 (1.62%) SSL
4 68 (1.36%) HTTP
5 67 (1.34%) VPN
6 61 (1.22%) TCP/IP
7 57 (1.14%) Network Security
8 47 (0.94%) WAN
9 39 (0.78%) VLAN
10 30 (0.60%) DHCP
11 29 (0.58%) LAN
12 28 (0.56%) Internet
13 27 (0.54%) VSAN
14 24 (0.48%) Reverse Proxy
15 23 (0.46%) Kerberos
16 22 (0.44%) SAN
17 21 (0.42%) SNMP
17 21 (0.42%) SSH
18 18 (0.36%) Cisco ASA
18 18 (0.36%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 415 (8.32%) SQL Server
2 239 (4.79%) Big Data
3 222 (4.45%) PostgreSQL
4 169 (3.39%) Azure SQL Database
5 160 (3.21%) MySQL
6 154 (3.09%) Hadoop
7 152 (3.05%) NoSQL
8 140 (2.81%) Data Warehouse
9 135 (2.71%) Data Lake
10 134 (2.69%) Relational Database
11 127 (2.55%) Power BI
12 125 (2.51%) Amazon RDS
13 119 (2.38%) MongoDB
14 94 (1.88%) Cosmos DB
15 92 (1.84%) Amazon Redshift
16 75 (1.50%) BigQuery
17 67 (1.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 58 (1.16%) Redis
19 52 (1.04%) Apache Hive
20 48 (0.96%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,174 (23.53%) Jenkins
2 815 (16.33%) Git (software)
3 516 (10.34%) JIRA
4 369 (7.39%) GitLab
5 236 (4.73%) Maven
6 180 (3.61%) Selenium
7 159 (3.19%) Bitbucket
8 154 (3.09%) Artifactory
9 141 (2.83%) Cucumber
10 137 (2.75%) Gradle
11 126 (2.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 120 (2.40%) TeamCity
13 114 (2.28%) Sonatype Nexus
13 114 (2.28%) Visual Studio Team System
14 107 (2.14%) JUnit
15 105 (2.10%) SonarQube
16 80 (1.60%) JMeter
17 76 (1.52%) CircleCI
17 76 (1.52%) Visual Studio
18 70 (1.40%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 741 (14.85%) Finance
2 435 (8.72%) Public Sector
3 349 (6.99%) Banking
4 115 (2.30%) Telecoms
5 92 (1.84%) Retail
6 88 (1.76%) Marketing
7 78 (1.56%) Front Office
8 58 (1.16%) Investment Banking
9 53 (1.06%) Manufacturing
10 38 (0.76%) Electronics
11 33 (0.66%) Retail Banking
12 29 (0.58%) Pharmaceutical
13 27 (0.54%) Legal
14 26 (0.52%) Financial Institution
14 26 (0.52%) Law
15 25 (0.50%) Billing
15 25 (0.50%) German Language
16 23 (0.46%) Games
17 22 (0.44%) Advertising
18 19 (0.38%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,473 (29.52%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,126 (22.57%) Developer
3 505 (10.12%) Azure Engineer
4 502 (10.06%) Architect
5 451 (9.04%) AWS Engineer
6 436 (8.74%) AWS DevOps
7 347 (6.95%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 347 (6.95%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 284 (5.69%) Azure DevOps
9 224 (4.49%) Cloud Engineer
10 217 (4.35%) Java Developer
11 160 (3.21%) Data Engineer
12 158 (3.17%) Platform Engineer
13 152 (3.05%) Senior DevOps
14 146 (2.93%) Analyst
15 140 (2.81%) Senior DevOps Engineer
16 133 (2.67%) Consultant
17 129 (2.59%) .NET Developer
17 129 (2.59%) Senior Developer
18 120 (2.40%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 458 (9.18%) .NET
2 423 (8.48%) Node.js
3 340 (6.81%) REST
4 336 (6.73%) React
5 322 (6.45%) Web Services
6 280 (5.61%) Spring
7 264 (5.29%) HTML
8 260 (5.21%) CSS
9 244 (4.89%) AngularJS
10 218 (4.37%) Spring Boot
11 213 (4.27%) Kafka
12 210 (4.21%) RESTful
13 209 (4.19%) JSON
14 155 (3.11%) .NET Core
15 136 (2.73%) Elastic Stack
16 130 (2.61%) HTML5
17 119 (2.38%) .NET Framework
18 118 (2.36%) SOAP
19 105 (2.10%) XML
20 101 (2.02%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 281 (5.63%) Greenfield Project
2 243 (4.87%) Analytical Skills
3 162 (3.25%) Cloud Native
4 156 (3.13%) User Experience
5 134 (2.69%) Public Cloud
6 108 (2.16%) Mobile App
7 106 (2.12%) Data Centre
8 93 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
9 78 (1.56%) Self-Motivation
10 72 (1.44%) Hedge funds
11 66 (1.32%) Linux Command Line
12 57 (1.14%) Data Structures
13 52 (1.04%) Hybrid Cloud
14 49 (0.98%) Fixed Income
15 46 (0.92%) Management Information System
16 43 (0.86%) Derivative
17 42 (0.84%) Private Cloud
17 42 (0.84%) Virtual Team
18 38 (0.76%) PKI
19 36 (0.72%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 976 (19.56%) Linux
2 529 (10.60%) Windows
3 170 (3.41%) Unix
4 150 (3.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 147 (2.95%) Windows Server
6 108 (2.16%) Android
7 91 (1.82%) CentOS
8 89 (1.78%) Apple iOS
9 74 (1.48%) Ubuntu
10 50 (1.00%) Windows 10
11 48 (0.96%) Windows Server 2016
12 30 (0.60%) Windows Server 2012
13 29 (0.58%) Windows Server 2008
14 20 (0.40%) Mac OS X
15 19 (0.38%) Debian
16 18 (0.36%) Windows Server 2019
17 12 (0.24%) VMS
18 10 (0.20%) Windows 7
19 9 (0.18%) Mac OS
20 7 (0.14%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,205 (44.19%) Agile Software Development
2 780 (15.63%) Microservices
3 698 (13.99%) Test Automation
4 696 (13.95%) Infrastructure as Code
5 654 (13.11%) Scrum
6 566 (11.34%) TDD
7 520 (10.42%) Continuous Integration
8 448 (8.98%) Software Engineering
9 378 (7.58%) Configuration Management
10 363 (7.27%) Migration
11 324 (6.49%) Continuous Delivery
12 295 (5.91%) Problem-Solving
13 294 (5.89%) BDD
14 270 (5.41%) Analytics
15 269 (5.39%) Kanban
16 264 (5.29%) Business Intelligence
17 263 (5.27%) Mentoring
18 254 (5.09%) Open Source
19 229 (4.59%) Deployment Automation
20 219 (4.39%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 1,412 (28.30%) Python
2 1,127 (22.59%) Java
3 821 (16.45%) SQL
4 593 (11.88%) JavaScript
5 504 (10.10%) PowerShell
6 451 (9.04%) Bash Shell
7 437 (8.76%) C#
8 205 (4.11%) Scala
9 170 (3.41%) Ruby
10 146 (2.93%) Go
11 138 (2.77%) TypeScript
12 131 (2.63%) Shell Script
13 125 (2.51%) Groovy
14 124 (2.48%) Java 8
15 113 (2.26%) Perl
16 103 (2.06%) PHP
17 80 (1.60%) Kotlin
18 78 (1.56%) C++
19 76 (1.52%) PL/SQL
20 75 (1.50%) C
Qualifications
1 846 (16.95%) Security Cleared
2 695 (13.93%) SC Cleared
3 157 (3.15%) DV Cleared
4 135 (2.71%) Degree
5 61 (1.22%) AWS Certification
6 52 (1.04%) Computer Science Degree
7 51 (1.02%) Cisco Certification
8 44 (0.88%) BPSS Clearance
8 44 (0.88%) Microsoft Certification
9 43 (0.86%) CISSP
10 29 (0.58%) ISTQB
11 24 (0.48%) CCNA
12 19 (0.38%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 19 (0.38%) CCNP
12 19 (0.38%) ISEB
13 17 (0.34%) CISM
13 17 (0.34%) Novell Certification
14 14 (0.28%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 13 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
16 12 (0.24%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 241 (4.83%) QA
2 57 (1.14%) SLA
3 37 (0.74%) NIST
4 33 (0.66%) GDPR
5 30 (0.60%) Data Quality
5 30 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 27 (0.54%) PMO
7 24 (0.48%) PCI DSS
8 21 (0.42%) WCAG
9 13 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
9 13 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 10 (0.20%) COBIT
11 9 (0.18%) NCSC
12 7 (0.14%) HIPAA
13 5 (0.10%) ISO 9001
14 4 (0.080%) ISO 22301
14 4 (0.080%) ISO 26262
14 4 (0.080%) ISO 31000
14 4 (0.080%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 4 (0.080%) OASIS TOSCA
System Software
1 1,254 (25.13%) Docker
2 279 (5.59%) Active Directory
3 142 (2.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 96 (1.92%) Virtual Machines
5 64 (1.28%) VMware NSX
6 42 (0.84%) vSphere
7 38 (0.76%) VMware ESXi
8 37 (0.74%) HDFS
9 29 (0.58%) Hyper-V
10 21 (0.42%) GlusterFS
11 19 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 11 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
13 8 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
13 8 (0.16%) Varnish
14 7 (0.14%) NFS
15 6 (0.12%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
16 5 (0.10%) Ceph
16 5 (0.10%) Virtual Servers
16 5 (0.10%) VirtualBox
17 4 (0.080%) LXC
Systems Management
1 1,438 (28.82%) Terraform
2 1,382 (27.70%) Kubernetes
3 1,003 (20.10%) Ansible
4 369 (7.39%) Puppet
5 297 (5.95%) Opscode Chef
6 153 (3.07%) Grafana
7 151 (3.03%) Prometheus
8 77 (1.54%) Kibana
9 70 (1.40%) Packer
10 66 (1.32%) Istio
11 46 (0.92%) Consul
12 41 (0.82%) Argo
12 41 (0.82%) Single Sign-On
13 37 (0.74%) Rancher
14 32 (0.64%) logstash
14 32 (0.64%) vCenter Server
15 28 (0.56%) Microsoft Intune
16 27 (0.54%) Nagios
16 27 (0.54%) Salt
17 24 (0.48%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 623 (12.48%) Microsoft
2 300 (6.01%) Google
3 265 (5.31%) Oracle
4 231 (4.63%) VMware
5 191 (3.83%) Splunk
6 146 (2.93%) Databricks
7 117 (2.34%) Red Hat
8 116 (2.32%) Cisco
9 115 (2.30%) Atlassian
10 101 (2.02%) Salesforce.com
10 101 (2.02%) SAP
11 89 (1.78%) AppDynamics
12 83 (1.66%) MuleSoft
13 67 (1.34%) Cloudera
14 55 (1.10%) ServiceNow
15 48 (0.96%) Dell
15 48 (0.96%) IBM
16 44 (0.88%) Hortonworks
17 42 (0.84%) F5
18 33 (0.66%) Sybase