Period
to 15 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 15 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
15 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 10 24 33
Rank change year-on-year +14 +9 +51
Contract jobs citing DevOps 9,697 7,017 5,925
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 9.31% 6.81% 5.57%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 10.78% 7.94% 6.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,811 5,184 4,204
UK median daily rate £525 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +11.11%
10th Percentile £390 £375 £366
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +2.63% +2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 31 17
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £48.00 £55.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -27.08% -12.73% -
10th Percentile £28.05 £35.00 £44.18
90th Percentile £65.61 £80.00 £59.31
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £46.50 £55.00
% change year-on-year -24.73% -15.45% -

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 89,966 88,328 90,655
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.36% 85.73% 85.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 59,547 58,692 59,765
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £276 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,344 2,127 2,494
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £23.14 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.93% +2.84% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.50 £49.75 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.25 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -11.46% +6.67% -

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing DevOps.

Contractor daily rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps.

Contractor hourly rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 15 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +11 9,064 £525 +2.44% 2,313
London +6 5,244 £550 +4.76% 1,171
UK excluding London +19 4,339 £488 +2.63% 1,279
South East +12 1,170 £500 +5.26% 317
North of England +21 1,125 £475 +2.76% 378
Midlands +26 711 £463 -7.50% 162
North West +23 525 £500 +4.17% 204
West Midlands +23 473 £488 -0.15% 103
Scotland +20 440 £500 +9.59% 67
East of England +28 425 £523 -0.48% 136
Yorkshire +11 391 £450 -1.10% 132
South West +3 390 £493 +5.35% 150
East Midlands +25 237 £430 -14.00% 59
North East +13 216 £500 +11.00% 43
Wales +26 104 £475 - 43
Northern Ireland +14 12 £510 +13.33% 26

For the 6 months to 15 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 4,952 (51.07%) Agile Software Development
2 3,705 (38.21%) Amazon AWS
3 3,254 (33.56%) Docker
4 3,143 (32.41%) Jenkins
5 3,013 (31.07%) Linux
6 3,008 (31.02%) Java
7 2,830 (29.18%) Ansible
8 2,529 (26.08%) Python
9 2,189 (22.57%) Terraform
10 2,154 (22.21%) Kubernetes
11 2,055 (21.19%) Microsoft Azure
12 2,038 (21.02%) Git (software)
13 2,001 (20.64%) Puppet
14 1,984 (20.46%) Continuous Integration
15 1,611 (16.61%) Microservices
16 1,605 (16.55%) Finance
17 1,487 (15.33%) Scrum
18 1,397 (14.41%) Test Automation
19 1,384 (14.27%) Opscode Chef
20 1,320 (13.61%) TDD
21 1,288 (13.28%) JavaScript
22 1,277 (13.17%) Configuration Management
23 1,160 (11.96%) Windows
24 1,132 (11.67%) SQL
25 1,032 (10.64%) Bash Shell
26 997 (10.28%) JIRA
27 943 (9.72%) Web Services
28 934 (9.63%) Security Cleared
29 916 (9.45%) Microsoft
30 911 (9.39%) Node.js

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 593 (6.12%) Confluence
2 429 (4.42%) Elasticsearch
3 413 (4.26%) Apache
4 349 (3.60%) Tomcat
5 302 (3.11%) nginx
6 213 (2.20%) Apache Spark
7 208 (2.14%) Cloud Foundry
8 206 (2.12%) IIS
9 189 (1.95%) JBoss
10 157 (1.62%) OpenStack
11 133 (1.37%) SharePoint
12 119 (1.23%) WebLogic
12 119 (1.23%) WebSphere
13 101 (1.04%) CMS
14 68 (0.70%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 55 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 47 (0.48%) Jetty
17 42 (0.43%) Mongrel
18 40 (0.41%) Apache Solr
19 38 (0.39%) Drupal
Applications
1 84 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 42 (0.43%) MS Visio
3 40 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
3 40 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 25 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
5 9 (0.093%) Photoshop
6 8 (0.082%) Chatbot
7 7 (0.072%) HipChat
8 2 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.010%) Mingle
9 1 (0.010%) Open Workbench
9 1 (0.010%) Shockwave
9 1 (0.010%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.010%) Stata
Business Applications
1 72 (0.74%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 20 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
4 14 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
5 12 (0.12%) Magento
6 10 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
7 7 (0.072%) Oracle BPM
8 6 (0.062%) SAP ERP
9 5 (0.052%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 5 (0.052%) Oracle EBS
9 5 (0.052%) Teamcenter
10 4 (0.041%) Oracle Financials
10 4 (0.041%) Payment Gateway
11 3 (0.031%) Dynamics NAV
11 3 (0.031%) R3 Corda
11 3 (0.031%) Remedy ITSM
11 3 (0.031%) SAP BPC
11 3 (0.031%) SAP S/4HANA
11 3 (0.031%) Sentinel
12 2 (0.021%) Bloomberg AIM
Cloud Services
1 3,705 (38.21%) Amazon AWS
2 2,055 (21.19%) Microsoft Azure
3 558 (5.75%) PaaS
4 546 (5.63%) AWS CloudFormation
5 524 (5.40%) Google Cloud Platform
6 522 (5.38%) GitHub
7 519 (5.35%) Amazon EC2
8 411 (4.24%) Amazon S3
9 409 (4.22%) IaaS
10 387 (3.99%) Serverless
11 310 (3.20%) SaaS
12 295 (3.04%) OpenShift
13 278 (2.87%) AWS Lambda
14 271 (2.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 210 (2.17%) Cloud Computing
16 159 (1.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 146 (1.51%) Route 53
18 143 (1.47%) npm
19 127 (1.31%) Amazon ELB
20 93 (0.96%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 388 (4.00%) Firewall
2 371 (3.83%) HTTP
3 302 (3.11%) DNS
4 298 (3.07%) TCP/IP
5 283 (2.92%) SSL
6 140 (1.44%) VPN
7 86 (0.89%) DHCP
8 84 (0.87%) Internet
9 75 (0.77%) SSH
10 68 (0.70%) Network Security
11 66 (0.68%) IPsec
12 59 (0.61%) Kerberos
13 56 (0.58%) LAN
13 56 (0.58%) WAN
14 52 (0.54%) FTP
15 46 (0.47%) SAN
16 39 (0.40%) DSL
17 38 (0.39%) Software-Defined Networking
18 32 (0.33%) BGP
19 31 (0.32%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 668 (6.89%) MongoDB
2 633 (6.53%) NoSQL
3 568 (5.86%) SQL Server
4 552 (5.69%) MySQL
5 484 (4.99%) Hadoop
6 477 (4.92%) PostgreSQL
7 426 (4.39%) Big Data
8 332 (3.42%) Relational Database
9 311 (3.21%) Apache Cassandra
10 216 (2.23%) Amazon RDS
11 206 (2.12%) Redis
12 194 (2.00%) RDBMS
13 124 (1.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 110 (1.13%) Oracle Database
15 108 (1.11%) Apache Hive
16 106 (1.09%) Data Warehouse
17 95 (0.98%) HBase
18 81 (0.84%) Amazon Redshift
19 73 (0.75%) Power BI
20 71 (0.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 3,143 (32.41%) Jenkins
2 2,038 (21.02%) Git (software)
3 997 (10.28%) JIRA
4 779 (8.03%) Maven
5 599 (6.18%) Selenium
6 439 (4.53%) TeamCity
7 423 (4.36%) Cucumber
8 398 (4.10%) Visual Studio Team System
9 343 (3.54%) Sonatype Nexus
10 336 (3.46%) Bitbucket
11 327 (3.37%) GitLab
12 302 (3.11%) JUnit
13 299 (3.08%) Artifactory
14 290 (2.99%) Gradle
15 284 (2.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 280 (2.89%) Subversion
17 278 (2.87%) Octopus Deploy
18 275 (2.84%) SonarQube
19 272 (2.80%) Visual Studio
20 244 (2.52%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,605 (16.55%) Finance
2 772 (7.96%) Banking
3 226 (2.33%) Retail
4 179 (1.85%) Telecoms
5 139 (1.43%) Marketing
6 138 (1.42%) Front Office
7 95 (0.98%) Manufacturing
8 91 (0.94%) Financial Institution
9 81 (0.84%) Law
10 78 (0.80%) Investment Banking
10 78 (0.80%) Legal
11 76 (0.78%) Electronics
11 76 (0.78%) Publishing
12 67 (0.69%) Games
13 54 (0.56%) Advertising
14 45 (0.46%) Back Office
15 42 (0.43%) Retail Banking
16 30 (0.31%) Billing
17 24 (0.25%) Automotive
18 13 (0.13%) German Language
Job Titles
1 3,817 (39.36%) DevOps Engineer
2 2,316 (23.88%) Developer
3 1,046 (10.79%) AWS Engineer
4 1,038 (10.70%) AWS DevOps
5 906 (9.34%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 902 (9.30%) Java Developer
7 757 (7.81%) Architect
8 403 (4.16%) Azure DevOps
9 397 (4.09%) Senior DevOps
10 376 (3.88%) Azure Engineer
10 376 (3.88%) Cloud Engineer
11 355 (3.66%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 322 (3.32%) Consultant
13 317 (3.27%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 292 (3.01%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 275 (2.84%) Senior Developer
16 270 (2.78%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 263 (2.71%) Linux Engineer
18 243 (2.51%) Java Engineer
19 230 (2.37%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 943 (9.72%) Web Services
2 911 (9.39%) Node.js
3 878 (9.05%) .NET
4 808 (8.33%) Spring
5 775 (7.99%) REST
6 718 (7.40%) AngularJS
7 628 (6.48%) HTML
8 606 (6.25%) CSS
9 600 (6.19%) React
10 537 (5.54%) Spring Boot
11 499 (5.15%) JSON
12 475 (4.90%) Kafka
13 450 (4.64%) Elastic Stack
14 432 (4.45%) RESTful
15 384 (3.96%) HTML5
16 307 (3.17%) XML
17 262 (2.70%) RabbitMQ
18 261 (2.69%) Middleware
19 226 (2.33%) Hibernate
20 225 (2.32%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 491 (5.06%) Greenfield Project
2 294 (3.03%) Analytical Skills
2 294 (3.03%) Public Cloud
3 269 (2.77%) Data Centre
4 255 (2.63%) Computer Science
5 247 (2.55%) User Experience
6 204 (2.10%) Fintech
7 202 (2.08%) Cloud Native
8 187 (1.93%) Mobile App
9 152 (1.57%) Enterprise Software
10 133 (1.37%) Self-Motivation
11 117 (1.21%) Management Information System
12 107 (1.10%) Hybrid Cloud
13 102 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
14 90 (0.93%) Private Cloud
15 79 (0.81%) Algorithms
15 79 (0.81%) iPad
15 79 (0.81%) PKI
16 68 (0.70%) Fixed Income
17 61 (0.63%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 3,013 (31.07%) Linux
2 1,160 (11.96%) Windows
3 791 (8.16%) Unix
4 645 (6.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 347 (3.58%) CentOS
6 317 (3.27%) Windows Server
7 190 (1.96%) Ubuntu
8 139 (1.43%) Android
9 137 (1.41%) Apple iOS
10 93 (0.96%) Windows Server 2012
11 83 (0.86%) Solaris
12 55 (0.57%) Debian
13 52 (0.54%) CoreOS
14 40 (0.41%) AIX
15 35 (0.36%) VMS
16 31 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
17 26 (0.27%) Mac OS X
18 21 (0.22%) Windows Server 2003
19 18 (0.19%) DC/OS
20 17 (0.18%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,952 (51.07%) Agile Software Development
2 1,984 (20.46%) Continuous Integration
3 1,611 (16.61%) Microservices
4 1,487 (15.33%) Scrum
5 1,397 (14.41%) Test Automation
6 1,320 (13.61%) TDD
7 1,277 (13.17%) Configuration Management
8 893 (9.21%) Continuous Delivery
9 879 (9.06%) Open Source
10 764 (7.88%) BDD
11 668 (6.89%) Migration
12 658 (6.79%) Kanban
13 635 (6.55%) Software Engineering
14 625 (6.45%) Problem-Solving
15 588 (6.06%) Deployment Automation
16 502 (5.18%) Continuous Deployment
17 463 (4.77%) Analytics
18 403 (4.16%) Mentoring
19 360 (3.71%) SDLC
20 356 (3.67%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 3,008 (31.02%) Java
2 2,529 (26.08%) Python
3 1,288 (13.28%) JavaScript
4 1,132 (11.67%) SQL
5 1,032 (10.64%) Bash Shell
6 798 (8.23%) C#
6 798 (8.23%) Ruby
7 748 (7.71%) PowerShell
8 550 (5.67%) Java 8
9 543 (5.60%) Perl
10 469 (4.84%) Groovy
11 374 (3.86%) Go
12 351 (3.62%) Shell Script
13 334 (3.44%) Scala
14 264 (2.72%) PHP
15 193 (1.99%) C++
16 163 (1.68%) TypeScript
17 127 (1.31%) C
18 95 (0.98%) ES6
19 73 (0.75%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 934 (9.63%) Security Cleared
2 743 (7.66%) SC Cleared
3 343 (3.54%) Degree
4 163 (1.68%) AWS Certification
5 157 (1.62%) Computer Science Degree
6 76 (0.78%) CISSP
7 64 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
8 57 (0.59%) Cisco Certification
9 56 (0.58%) ISTQB
10 52 (0.54%) CISM
10 52 (0.54%) DV Cleared
11 48 (0.49%) ISEB
12 34 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
13 29 (0.30%) CCNP
14 22 (0.23%) CISA
14 22 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
14 22 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
15 20 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 17 (0.18%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
17 16 (0.16%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 468 (4.83%) QA
2 83 (0.86%) GDPR
3 45 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 45 (0.46%) PCI DSS
4 38 (0.39%) PMO
5 37 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
6 35 (0.36%) Data Quality
7 33 (0.34%) SLA
8 27 (0.28%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 24 (0.25%) PSD2
10 14 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 13 (0.13%) ISAE 3402
11 13 (0.13%) ISO 22301
11 13 (0.13%) ISO 31000
11 13 (0.13%) ISO 9001
12 11 (0.11%) FINRA
13 10 (0.10%) FedRAMP
14 9 (0.093%) HIPAA
15 8 (0.082%) Actionable Recommendations
15 8 (0.082%) COBIT
System Software
1 3,254 (33.56%) Docker
2 262 (2.70%) Active Directory
3 250 (2.58%) VMware Infrastructure
4 197 (2.03%) Virtual Machines
5 65 (0.67%) Xen
6 61 (0.63%) HDFS
7 52 (0.54%) Hyper-V
8 51 (0.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 40 (0.41%) NFS
10 31 (0.32%) etcd
11 30 (0.31%) VirtualBox
12 29 (0.30%) KVM
13 27 (0.28%) vCloud
13 27 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
14 26 (0.27%) flannel
15 24 (0.25%) Apache Flume
16 23 (0.24%) vSphere
17 19 (0.20%) Postfix
18 18 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
19 17 (0.18%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 2,830 (29.18%) Ansible
2 2,189 (22.57%) Terraform
3 2,154 (22.21%) Kubernetes
4 2,001 (20.64%) Puppet
5 1,384 (14.27%) Opscode Chef
6 298 (3.07%) Kibana
7 288 (2.97%) Packer
8 261 (2.69%) Grafana
9 230 (2.37%) Nagios
10 195 (2.01%) Prometheus
11 189 (1.95%) logstash
12 183 (1.89%) Salt
13 149 (1.54%) ZABBIX
14 130 (1.34%) Mesos
15 121 (1.25%) Consul
16 120 (1.24%) Docker Swarm
17 113 (1.17%) Rancher
18 87 (0.90%) Single Sign-On
19 70 (0.72%) Graphite
20 60 (0.62%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 916 (9.45%) Microsoft
2 709 (7.31%) Oracle
3 580 (5.98%) Red Hat
4 570 (5.88%) Google
5 423 (4.36%) VMware
6 401 (4.14%) Splunk
7 214 (2.21%) Atlassian
8 183 (1.89%) SAP
9 159 (1.64%) IBM
10 154 (1.59%) New Relic
11 125 (1.29%) Cisco
12 119 (1.23%) AppDynamics
13 110 (1.13%) Adobe
14 98 (1.01%) MuleSoft
15 77 (0.79%) ServiceNow
16 76 (0.78%) SaltStack
17 68 (0.70%) Cloudera
18 65 (0.67%) hybris
19 62 (0.64%) Hortonworks
20 61 (0.63%) Tableau