Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 6 6 12
Rank change year-on-year 0 +6 0
Contract jobs citing DevOps 11,748 8,566 4,729
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 13.12% 12.91% 11.45%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 14.64% 14.51% 13.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,421 6,088 3,440
10th Percentile £425 £397 £385
25th Percentile £500 £455 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £581 £525 £530
Median % change year-on-year +10.67% -0.94% -1.40%
75th Percentile £688 £625 £625
90th Percentile £775 £688 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £530 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +6.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 72 57 9
10th Percentile £35.00 £27.73 £19.65
25th Percentile £43.95 £44.88 £30.00
Median hourly rate £65.00 £52.50 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +23.81% +5.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £71.81 £62.25 £66.00
90th Percentile £77.50 £68.00 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.00 £53.75 £58.00
% change year-on-year +20.93% -7.33% +21.62%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80,223 59,015 35,887
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.57% 88.94% 86.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,474 40,523 24,020
10th Percentile £350 £313 £300
25th Percentile £444 £405 £391
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £650 £597 £575
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,744 1,643 1,021
10th Percentile £13.25 £12.00 £12.50
25th Percentile £16.75 £15.05 £16.00
Median hourly rate £29.00 £24.80 £22.85
Median % change year-on-year +16.96% +8.51% +0.44%
75th Percentile £53.88 £47.50 £45.91
90th Percentile £67.00 £60.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.85 £21.50 £20.74
% change year-on-year +10.93% +3.66% -9.15%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Daily rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Hourly rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 19 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England 0 9,407 £600 +14.29% 1,874
Work from Home 0 6,313 £575 +9.52% 888
London +2 5,851 £601 +9.18% 837
UK excluding London -1 3,296 £530 +6.00% 1,132
North of England +1 854 £525 +5.00% 333
South East 0 849 £538 +7.50% 232
Midlands +5 477 £520 +13.04% 179
Scotland +2 453 £500 +9.89% 81
North West +1 444 £540 +8.00% 174
West Midlands +9 381 £540 +13.68% 114
South West -1 372 £550 +10.00% 152
Yorkshire -1 336 £525 +5.09% 120
East of England -1 210 £600 +14.29% 120
North East +4 101 £550 -4.35% 39
Wales 0 99 £570 +16.92% 22
East Midlands -6 93 £475 +17.28% 65
Northern Ireland +5 18 £520 +20.93% 12
Channel Islands 0 6 - - 1
Isle of Man - 6 £530 -

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 5,502 (46.83%) Agile
2 5,483 (46.67%) Azure
3 4,516 (38.44%) CI/CD
4 3,708 (31.56%) AWS
5 3,294 (28.04%) Terraform
6 3,209 (27.32%) Kubernetes
7 3,064 (26.08%) Azure DevOps
8 3,035 (25.83%) Python
9 2,503 (21.31%) Docker
10 2,305 (19.62%) Jenkins
11 2,243 (19.09%) Java
12 2,225 (18.94%) Finance
13 2,124 (18.08%) Social Skills
14 2,045 (17.41%) SQL
14 2,045 (17.41%) Git (software)
15 1,965 (16.73%) Ansible
16 1,888 (16.07%) Microservices
17 1,822 (15.51%) Linux
18 1,770 (15.07%) Security Cleared
19 1,754 (14.93%) Scrum
20 1,735 (14.77%) Microsoft
21 1,621 (13.80%) Test Automation
22 1,564 (13.31%) JavaScript
23 1,562 (13.30%) Infrastructure as Code
24 1,509 (12.84%) SC Cleared
25 1,461 (12.44%) C#
26 1,430 (12.17%) JIRA
27 1,343 (11.43%) .NET
28 1,288 (10.96%) Software Engineering
29 1,210 (10.30%) Continuous Integration

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 761 (6.48%) Confluence
2 296 (2.52%) Apache Spark
3 217 (1.85%) Apache
4 198 (1.69%) SharePoint
5 144 (1.23%) nginx
6 113 (0.96%) Tomcat
7 106 (0.90%) WebSphere
8 99 (0.84%) CMS
9 91 (0.77%) IIS
10 80 (0.68%) Apache Airflow
11 77 (0.66%) WebLogic
12 70 (0.60%) OpenStack
13 66 (0.56%) JBoss
14 54 (0.46%) BizTalk Server
15 47 (0.40%) Cloud Foundry
16 45 (0.38%) WebSphere Application Server
17 44 (0.37%) Mule
18 43 (0.37%) Sitecore CMS
19 39 (0.33%) Oracle Coherence
20 38 (0.32%) SAS
Applications
1 103 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 71 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
3 58 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 49 (0.42%) MS Visio
5 37 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
6 10 (0.085%) Sketch
7 8 (0.068%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.051%) Chatbot
8 6 (0.051%) InVision
9 5 (0.043%) Simulink
10 3 (0.026%) Adobe XD
11 1 (0.009%) Houdini
11 1 (0.009%) Maya
11 1 (0.009%) PlantUML
Business Applications
1 125 (1.06%) Dynamics CRM
2 31 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
3 19 (0.16%) NetSuite
4 18 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
4 18 (0.15%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 13 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
6 12 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
7 10 (0.085%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 10 (0.085%) SAP Hybris
8 9 (0.077%) assyst
9 8 (0.068%) Elite 3E
9 8 (0.068%) Oracle Applications
9 8 (0.068%) Oracle Payables
9 8 (0.068%) Shopify
9 8 (0.068%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 8 (0.068%) Workday HCM
10 7 (0.060%) Oracle Assets
10 7 (0.060%) Oracle Receivables
10 7 (0.060%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 7 (0.060%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 5,483 (46.67%) Azure
2 3,708 (31.56%) AWS
3 3,064 (26.08%) Azure DevOps
4 1,179 (10.04%) GCP
5 1,098 (9.35%) Serverless
6 996 (8.48%) GitHub
7 708 (6.03%) PaaS
8 633 (5.39%) Power Platform
9 609 (5.18%) AWS CloudFormation
10 594 (5.06%) AWS Lambda
11 497 (4.23%) IaaS
12 496 (4.22%) OpenShift
13 450 (3.83%) SaaS
14 434 (3.69%) Amazon S3
15 409 (3.48%) Amazon EC2
16 356 (3.03%) Amazon EKS
17 353 (3.00%) Azure Data Factory
18 325 (2.77%) Azure AKS
19 312 (2.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 264 (2.25%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 341 (2.90%) Firewall
2 297 (2.53%) DNS
3 165 (1.40%) HTTP
4 158 (1.34%) VPN
5 139 (1.18%) TCP/IP
6 137 (1.17%) Network Security
7 107 (0.91%) SSL
8 98 (0.83%) Internet
9 76 (0.65%) DHCP
10 61 (0.52%) SSH
11 50 (0.43%) FTP
11 50 (0.43%) SAN
12 47 (0.40%) WAN
13 44 (0.37%) SMTP
14 39 (0.33%) IPv4
15 36 (0.31%) LAN
16 34 (0.29%) HTTPS
17 32 (0.27%) NAS
18 29 (0.25%) Kerberos
19 25 (0.21%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 978 (8.32%) SQL Server
2 498 (4.24%) PostgreSQL
3 484 (4.12%) Power BI
4 441 (3.75%) Data Warehouse
5 430 (3.66%) Big Data
6 401 (3.41%) NoSQL
7 355 (3.02%) Relational Database
8 330 (2.81%) Data Lake
9 326 (2.77%) MongoDB
10 301 (2.56%) Amazon RDS
11 268 (2.28%) Azure SQL Database
12 253 (2.15%) MySQL
13 235 (2.00%) Elasticsearch
14 214 (1.82%) Oracle Database
15 207 (1.76%) DynamoDB
16 199 (1.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 146 (1.24%) Hadoop
18 144 (1.23%) BigQuery
19 113 (0.96%) Redis
20 101 (0.86%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 2,305 (19.62%) Jenkins
2 2,045 (17.41%) Git (software)
3 1,430 (12.17%) JIRA
4 808 (6.88%) GitLab
5 457 (3.89%) Maven
6 347 (2.95%) Selenium
7 342 (2.91%) TeamCity
8 321 (2.73%) Bitbucket
9 295 (2.51%) Artifactory
10 272 (2.32%) Visual Studio
11 266 (2.26%) SonarQube
12 248 (2.11%) Gradle
13 226 (1.92%) Sonatype Nexus
14 198 (1.69%) Cucumber
15 178 (1.52%) CircleCI
16 168 (1.43%) Team Foundation Server
17 157 (1.34%) Postman
18 149 (1.27%) JUnit
19 130 (1.11%) Octopus Deploy
20 120 (1.02%) Subversion
General
1 2,225 (18.94%) Finance
2 2,124 (18.08%) Social Skills
3 1,001 (8.52%) Public Sector
4 947 (8.06%) Banking
5 773 (6.58%) Analytical Skills
6 274 (2.33%) Retail
7 254 (2.16%) Investment Banking
8 246 (2.09%) Front Office
9 239 (2.03%) Presentation Skills
10 175 (1.49%) Telecoms
11 157 (1.34%) Influencing Skills
12 155 (1.32%) Legal
13 152 (1.29%) Marketing
14 128 (1.09%) Law
15 105 (0.89%) Documentation Skills
16 89 (0.76%) Manufacturing
17 87 (0.74%) Pharmaceutical
17 87 (0.74%) Publishing
18 80 (0.68%) Financial Institution
19 66 (0.56%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 3,032 (25.81%) DevOps Engineer
2 2,642 (22.49%) Developer
3 1,108 (9.43%) Architect
4 922 (7.85%) Azure Engineer
5 858 (7.30%) AWS Engineer
6 719 (6.12%) AWS DevOps
7 607 (5.17%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 551 (4.69%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 545 (4.64%) Analyst
10 513 (4.37%) Java Developer
11 478 (4.07%) Cloud Engineer
12 441 (3.75%) Data Engineer
13 422 (3.59%) Solutions Architect
14 346 (2.95%) Senior Developer
15 337 (2.87%) .NET Developer
15 337 (2.87%) Software Engineer
16 298 (2.54%) Senior DevOps
17 273 (2.32%) Consultant
18 264 (2.25%) Business Analyst
19 262 (2.23%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,343 (11.43%) .NET
2 921 (7.84%) React
3 716 (6.09%) Kafka
4 712 (6.06%) REST
5 698 (5.94%) Node.js
6 676 (5.75%) HTML
7 666 (5.67%) Spring
8 634 (5.40%) CSS
9 570 (4.85%) AngularJS
10 533 (4.54%) RESTful
11 519 (4.42%) Spring Boot
12 470 (4.00%) JSON
13 358 (3.05%) .NET Framework
14 313 (2.66%) .NET Core
15 300 (2.55%) Web Services
16 293 (2.49%) ASP.NET
17 280 (2.38%) XML
18 259 (2.20%) HTML5
19 246 (2.09%) ARM Templates
20 234 (1.99%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 548 (4.66%) Public Cloud
2 504 (4.29%) Cloud Native
3 351 (2.99%) User Experience
4 347 (2.95%) Data Protection Act
5 290 (2.47%) Greenfield Project
6 238 (2.03%) Data Centre
7 191 (1.63%) Enterprise Software
8 174 (1.48%) Legacy Systems
8 174 (1.48%) Virtual Team
9 173 (1.47%) Self-Motivation
10 161 (1.37%) Linux Command Line
10 161 (1.37%) Mobile App
11 158 (1.34%) Private Cloud
12 140 (1.19%) Hybrid Cloud
13 126 (1.07%) Management Information System
14 122 (1.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 115 (0.98%) Clustering
16 104 (0.89%) Data Structures
17 103 (0.88%) Algorithms
17 103 (0.88%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 1,822 (15.51%) Linux
2 862 (7.34%) Windows
3 444 (3.78%) Unix
4 332 (2.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 185 (1.57%) Windows Server
6 126 (1.07%) CentOS
7 112 (0.95%) Android
8 100 (0.85%) Ubuntu
9 99 (0.84%) Apple iOS
10 64 (0.54%) VMS
11 41 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
12 37 (0.31%) Windows 10
13 33 (0.28%) Windows Server 2016
14 26 (0.22%) Solaris
15 24 (0.20%) Debian
16 23 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
16 23 (0.20%) Windows Server 2019
17 22 (0.19%) Amazon Linux
18 21 (0.18%) AIX
19 13 (0.11%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,502 (46.83%) Agile
2 4,516 (38.44%) CI/CD
3 1,888 (16.07%) Microservices
4 1,754 (14.93%) Scrum
5 1,621 (13.80%) Test Automation
6 1,562 (13.30%) Infrastructure as Code
7 1,288 (10.96%) Software Engineering
8 1,210 (10.30%) Continuous Integration
9 1,144 (9.74%) Problem-Solving
10 938 (7.98%) Analytics
11 927 (7.89%) TDD
12 901 (7.67%) Migration
13 805 (6.85%) SDLC
14 707 (6.02%) Stakeholder Management
15 700 (5.96%) Continuous Delivery
16 693 (5.90%) Business Intelligence
17 676 (5.75%) Kanban
18 672 (5.72%) Full Stack Development
19 666 (5.67%) Configuration Management
20 637 (5.42%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 3,035 (25.83%) Python
2 2,243 (19.09%) Java
3 2,045 (17.41%) SQL
4 1,564 (13.31%) JavaScript
5 1,461 (12.44%) C#
6 1,031 (8.78%) PowerShell
7 885 (7.53%) Bash
8 579 (4.93%) TypeScript
9 521 (4.43%) Go
10 331 (2.82%) Scala
11 286 (2.43%) Groovy
12 255 (2.17%) C++
12 255 (2.17%) T-SQL
13 247 (2.10%) Ruby
14 245 (2.09%) Shell Script
15 191 (1.63%) C
16 163 (1.39%) PL/SQL
17 143 (1.22%) Perl
18 113 (0.96%) PHP
19 79 (0.67%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 1,770 (15.07%) Security Cleared
2 1,509 (12.84%) SC Cleared
3 363 (3.09%) Degree
4 199 (1.69%) DV Cleared
5 192 (1.63%) AWS Certification
6 137 (1.17%) BPSS Clearance
7 109 (0.93%) Computer Science Degree
8 78 (0.66%) ISTQB
9 59 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
10 58 (0.49%) CISSP
11 41 (0.35%) ISEB
12 40 (0.34%) PMI Certification
13 33 (0.28%) Oracle Certification
13 33 (0.28%) PhD
14 32 (0.27%) OCP
15 31 (0.26%) PMP
16 30 (0.26%) Master's Degree
17 29 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
17 29 (0.25%) CISM
17 29 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 652 (5.55%) QA
2 219 (1.86%) Accessibility
3 118 (1.00%) Data Quality
4 97 (0.83%) GDPR
5 76 (0.65%) SLA
6 62 (0.53%) PMO
7 56 (0.48%) NCSC
8 49 (0.42%) NIST
9 38 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 36 (0.31%) WCAG
11 26 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
12 23 (0.20%) PCI DSS
13 21 (0.18%) GxP
14 19 (0.16%) GLBA
15 18 (0.15%) 21 CFR Part 11
15 18 (0.15%) Good Clinical Practice
16 14 (0.12%) ISO 20022
16 14 (0.12%) MiFID
17 13 (0.11%) COBIT
18 10 (0.085%) IFRS
System Software
1 2,503 (21.31%) Docker
2 286 (2.43%) Active Directory
3 224 (1.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 109 (0.93%) Virtual Machines
5 72 (0.61%) vSphere
6 69 (0.59%) Hyper-V
7 36 (0.31%) Oracle RAC
8 33 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
9 27 (0.23%) NFS
10 25 (0.21%) XenApp
11 24 (0.20%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 24 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
12 23 (0.20%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 22 (0.19%) Ceph
14 21 (0.18%) vCloud
15 20 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
16 13 (0.11%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
17 11 (0.094%) VMware NSX
18 10 (0.085%) HDFS
18 10 (0.085%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 3,294 (28.04%) Terraform
2 3,209 (27.32%) Kubernetes
3 1,965 (16.73%) Ansible
4 538 (4.58%) Puppet
5 366 (3.12%) Grafana
6 353 (3.00%) Opscode Chef
7 340 (2.89%) Prometheus
8 243 (2.07%) Packer
9 183 (1.56%) Istio
10 144 (1.23%) Consul
10 144 (1.23%) Kibana
11 124 (1.06%) Docker Swarm
12 76 (0.65%) ZABBIX
13 73 (0.62%) Rancher
14 67 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
15 63 (0.54%) Argo
16 56 (0.48%) Nagios
17 50 (0.43%) Active Directory Federation Services
17 50 (0.43%) HAProxy
18 48 (0.41%) logstash
Vendors
1 1,735 (14.77%) Microsoft
2 775 (6.60%) Oracle
3 586 (4.99%) Google
4 433 (3.69%) Databricks
5 340 (2.89%) VMware
6 324 (2.76%) Splunk
7 296 (2.52%) Red Hat
8 268 (2.28%) SAP
9 220 (1.87%) IBM
10 199 (1.69%) Salesforce.com
11 175 (1.49%) Atlassian
12 170 (1.45%) ServiceNow
13 133 (1.13%) AppDynamics
14 128 (1.09%) Dynatrace
15 107 (0.91%) Sitecore
16 106 (0.90%) MuleSoft
17 102 (0.87%) Citrix
18 82 (0.70%) Cisco
18 82 (0.70%) Informatica
19 76 (0.65%) New Relic