Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 6 9 12
Rank change year-on-year +3 +3 -1
Contract jobs citing DevOps 11,577 5,140 7,376
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 13.43% 12.37% 10.18%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 15.06% 14.18% 11.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,352 3,809 5,218
10th Percentile £413 £363 £400
25th Percentile £475 £425 £459
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £570 £510 £550
Median % change year-on-year +11.76% -7.27% +4.76%
75th Percentile £650 £588 £625
90th Percentile £738 £650 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £524 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +10.26% -5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 66 40 27
10th Percentile £35.00 £23.78 £20.65
25th Percentile £45.11 £40.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £65.00
Median % change year-on-year +22.22% -30.77% +30.00%
75th Percentile £64.50 £53.75 £78.75
90th Percentile £83.75 £55.25 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £46.00
% change year-on-year +22.22% -2.17% -8.00%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 76,861 36,245 62,572
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.18% 87.20% 86.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 53,962 24,770 41,888
10th Percentile £325 £300 £281
25th Percentile £425 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% - -
75th Percentile £625 £575 £575
90th Percentile £713 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £430
% change year-on-year +11.76% -1.16% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,605 1,172 1,905
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.00 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.25 £16.00 £15.00
Median hourly rate £25.53 £27.25 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.31% +29.76% -4.55%
75th Percentile £49.25 £47.50 £45.00
90th Percentile £64.00 £60.00 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £24.40 £19.71
% change year-on-year -13.93% +23.80% -6.14%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Daily rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Hourly rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 19 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +3 9,058 £575 +15.00% 2,787
London +3 5,596 £600 +14.29% 1,354
Work from Home -1 3,747 £550 +4.76% 645
UK excluding London 0 3,158 £524 +10.26% 1,619
South East -3 796 £525 +10.53% 334
North of England +6 774 £525 +10.53% 449
South West +1 445 £520 +4.00% 159
Midlands 0 438 £500 +17.65% 288
North West +4 432 £538 +10.82% 259
Scotland +4 394 £475 +7.95% 154
West Midlands +1 312 £505 +20.60% 204
Yorkshire +6 284 £538 +19.44% 138
East of England +2 230 £525 +5.00% 173
East Midlands -7 118 £463 -0.27% 78
Wales -7 83 £550 +15.79% 52
North East +9 80 £525 +5.00% 52
Northern Ireland +5 10 £475 +9.51% 14
Isle of Man - 6 £681 -
Channel Islands - 1 £450 -

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 5,428 (46.89%) Azure
2 5,236 (45.23%) Agile Software Development
3 4,384 (37.87%) CI/CD
4 3,622 (31.29%) AWS
5 3,369 (29.10%) Terraform
6 3,021 (26.09%) Kubernetes
7 2,611 (22.55%) Python
8 2,600 (22.46%) Docker
9 2,229 (19.25%) Jenkins
10 2,194 (18.95%) Java
11 2,057 (17.77%) Finance
12 1,929 (16.66%) Ansible
13 1,914 (16.53%) SQL
14 1,893 (16.35%) Social Skills
15 1,829 (15.80%) Microservices
16 1,820 (15.72%) Linux
17 1,715 (14.81%) Git (software)
18 1,637 (14.14%) Microsoft
19 1,598 (13.80%) Scrum
20 1,575 (13.60%) Infrastructure as Code
21 1,549 (13.38%) C#
22 1,482 (12.80%) JavaScript
23 1,466 (12.66%) .NET
24 1,362 (11.76%) Security Cleared
25 1,336 (11.54%) Test Automation
26 1,207 (10.43%) Software Engineering
27 1,206 (10.42%) JIRA
28 1,170 (10.11%) PowerShell
29 1,124 (9.71%) Continuous Integration
30 1,092 (9.43%) GCP

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 600 (5.18%) Confluence
2 307 (2.65%) Apache Spark
3 267 (2.31%) SharePoint
4 264 (2.28%) Elasticsearch
5 241 (2.08%) Apache
6 136 (1.17%) nginx
7 111 (0.96%) Apache Airflow
8 104 (0.90%) Tomcat
9 102 (0.88%) IIS
10 94 (0.81%) CMS
11 74 (0.64%) OpenStack
12 71 (0.61%) WebLogic
13 67 (0.58%) Cloud Foundry
14 62 (0.54%) JBoss
15 60 (0.52%) BizTalk Server
16 41 (0.35%) Jupyter
17 35 (0.30%) SAS
17 35 (0.30%) WebSphere
18 30 (0.26%) ArcGIS
19 23 (0.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 105 (0.91%) Microsoft Office
2 87 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
3 44 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 34 (0.29%) MS Visio
5 31 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
6 15 (0.13%) Photoshop
7 10 (0.086%) Chatbot
8 5 (0.043%) Adobe XD
8 5 (0.043%) FrameMaker
8 5 (0.043%) Simulink
9 4 (0.035%) InVision
9 4 (0.035%) Sketch
10 3 (0.026%) Adobe Illustrator
11 2 (0.017%) Mingle
11 2 (0.017%) Spreadsheet
12 1 (0.009%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 129 (1.11%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
3 19 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 13 (0.11%) NetSuite
4 13 (0.11%) Sentinel
5 12 (0.10%) Cloudability
6 11 (0.095%) Dynamics AX
6 11 (0.095%) Workday HCM
7 10 (0.086%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 9 (0.078%) SAP ERP
8 9 (0.078%) Shopify
9 8 (0.069%) Maximo
9 8 (0.069%) SAP FSCM
10 7 (0.060%) ION MarketView
10 7 (0.060%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 6 (0.052%) Distributed Ledger
11 6 (0.052%) IBM Planning Analytics
11 6 (0.052%) Oracle EBS
11 6 (0.052%) Oracle ERP
11 6 (0.052%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 5,428 (46.89%) Azure
2 3,622 (31.29%) AWS
3 1,092 (9.43%) GCP
4 1,072 (9.26%) Serverless
5 986 (8.52%) GitHub
6 863 (7.45%) PaaS
7 720 (6.22%) AWS CloudFormation
8 587 (5.07%) IaaS
9 557 (4.81%) Power Platform
10 552 (4.77%) SaaS
11 495 (4.28%) AWS Lambda
12 398 (3.44%) Azure Data Factory
13 350 (3.02%) Amazon EKS
14 329 (2.84%) Amazon S3
15 317 (2.74%) Amazon EC2
16 299 (2.58%) Azure Functions
17 292 (2.52%) OpenShift
18 290 (2.50%) Azure Active Directory
19 275 (2.38%) Amazon ECS
20 272 (2.35%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 338 (2.92%) Firewall
2 243 (2.10%) DNS
3 206 (1.78%) HTTP
4 191 (1.65%) Network Security
5 149 (1.29%) VPN
6 120 (1.04%) SSL
7 104 (0.90%) TCP/IP
8 93 (0.80%) Internet
9 65 (0.56%) WAN
10 46 (0.40%) Kerberos
11 40 (0.35%) DHCP
12 35 (0.30%) LAN
13 32 (0.28%) FTP
13 32 (0.28%) SAN
14 31 (0.27%) HTTPS
15 30 (0.26%) BGP
15 30 (0.26%) VLAN
16 29 (0.25%) SNMP
17 22 (0.19%) Software-Defined Networking
18 21 (0.18%) HSRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 971 (8.39%) SQL Server
2 473 (4.09%) Big Data
3 469 (4.05%) NoSQL
4 446 (3.85%) Data Warehouse
5 407 (3.52%) Power BI
6 395 (3.41%) PostgreSQL
7 377 (3.26%) Data Lake
8 332 (2.87%) MongoDB
9 300 (2.59%) Relational Database
10 253 (2.19%) Azure SQL Database
11 233 (2.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 232 (2.00%) Hadoop
13 229 (1.98%) Amazon RDS
14 224 (1.93%) MySQL
15 153 (1.32%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 139 (1.20%) Oracle Database
17 125 (1.08%) Redis
18 102 (0.88%) BigQuery
18 102 (0.88%) Metadata
19 101 (0.87%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 2,229 (19.25%) Jenkins
2 1,715 (14.81%) Git (software)
3 1,206 (10.42%) JIRA
4 690 (5.96%) GitLab
5 432 (3.73%) Maven
6 415 (3.58%) TeamCity
7 409 (3.53%) Bitbucket
8 392 (3.39%) Selenium
9 318 (2.75%) SonarQube
10 284 (2.45%) Artifactory
11 270 (2.33%) Cucumber
12 263 (2.27%) Sonatype Nexus
13 260 (2.25%) Gradle
14 229 (1.98%) Visual Studio
15 200 (1.73%) SpecFlow
16 185 (1.60%) Octopus Deploy
17 174 (1.50%) JUnit
18 166 (1.43%) Postman
19 144 (1.24%) Subversion
20 137 (1.18%) CircleCI
General
1 2,057 (17.77%) Finance
2 1,893 (16.35%) Social Skills
3 906 (7.83%) Public Sector
4 812 (7.01%) Banking
5 589 (5.09%) Analytical Skills
6 278 (2.40%) Retail
7 237 (2.05%) Presentation Skills
8 200 (1.73%) Front Office
8 200 (1.73%) Investment Banking
9 199 (1.72%) Marketing
10 157 (1.36%) Legal
11 155 (1.34%) Telecoms
12 116 (1.00%) Law
13 112 (0.97%) Financial Institution
14 104 (0.90%) Manufacturing
15 88 (0.76%) Influencing Skills
16 86 (0.74%) Documentation Skills
17 75 (0.65%) Publishing
18 70 (0.60%) Games
19 67 (0.58%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,895 (25.01%) DevOps Engineer
2 2,586 (22.34%) Developer
3 1,178 (10.18%) Architect
4 960 (8.29%) Azure Engineer
5 904 (7.81%) AWS Engineer
6 704 (6.08%) AWS DevOps
7 613 (5.29%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 551 (4.76%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 507 (4.38%) Cloud Engineer
10 459 (3.96%) Azure DevOps
11 456 (3.94%) Java Developer
12 453 (3.91%) Data Engineer
13 433 (3.74%) Analyst
14 420 (3.63%) Solutions Architect
15 401 (3.46%) .NET Developer
16 352 (3.04%) Consultant
17 350 (3.02%) Senior Developer
18 328 (2.83%) Platform Engineer
19 321 (2.77%) Senior DevOps
20 320 (2.76%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,466 (12.66%) .NET
2 812 (7.01%) React
3 728 (6.29%) Kafka
4 702 (6.06%) HTML
5 687 (5.93%) CSS
6 654 (5.65%) Node.js
7 633 (5.47%) REST
8 555 (4.79%) AngularJS
9 525 (4.53%) Spring
10 459 (3.96%) JSON
11 456 (3.94%) .NET Core
12 442 (3.82%) RESTful
13 426 (3.68%) Spring Boot
14 354 (3.06%) ASP.NET
15 343 (2.96%) .NET Framework
16 341 (2.95%) Web Services
17 318 (2.75%) XML
18 271 (2.34%) HTML5
19 265 (2.29%) ARM Templates
20 253 (2.19%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 548 (4.73%) Cloud Native
2 500 (4.32%) Public Cloud
3 331 (2.86%) Greenfield Project
4 266 (2.30%) Data Protection Act
5 212 (1.83%) User Experience
6 201 (1.74%) Data Centre
7 187 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
8 172 (1.49%) Mobile App
9 138 (1.19%) Hedge funds
10 134 (1.16%) Linux Command Line
11 132 (1.14%) Data Structures
12 123 (1.06%) Hybrid Cloud
13 121 (1.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 110 (0.95%) Enterprise Software
15 99 (0.86%) Legacy Systems
15 99 (0.86%) Virtual Team
16 97 (0.84%) Management Information System
16 97 (0.84%) Private Cloud
17 90 (0.78%) PKI
18 80 (0.69%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 1,820 (15.72%) Linux
2 1,010 (8.72%) Windows
3 366 (3.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 351 (3.03%) Unix
5 246 (2.12%) Windows Server
6 111 (0.96%) CentOS
7 69 (0.60%) Ubuntu
8 67 (0.58%) Android
9 63 (0.54%) Apple iOS
10 52 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
11 47 (0.41%) Windows Server 2016
12 46 (0.40%) Windows 10
13 40 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
14 38 (0.33%) Windows Server 2019
15 32 (0.28%) VMS
16 30 (0.26%) Solaris
17 28 (0.24%) Debian
18 21 (0.18%) Amazon Linux
19 19 (0.16%) Windows XP
20 16 (0.14%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,236 (45.23%) Agile Software Development
2 4,384 (37.87%) CI/CD
3 1,829 (15.80%) Microservices
4 1,598 (13.80%) Scrum
5 1,575 (13.60%) Infrastructure as Code
6 1,336 (11.54%) Test Automation
7 1,207 (10.43%) Software Engineering
8 1,124 (9.71%) Continuous Integration
9 948 (8.19%) Problem-Solving
9 948 (8.19%) TDD
10 946 (8.17%) Migration
11 895 (7.73%) Analytics
12 697 (6.02%) Full Stack Development
13 694 (5.99%) SDLC
14 648 (5.60%) Configuration Management
15 647 (5.59%) Continuous Delivery
16 563 (4.86%) Business Intelligence
17 534 (4.61%) Stakeholder Management
18 516 (4.46%) Site Reliability Engineering
19 508 (4.39%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 2,611 (22.55%) Python
2 2,194 (18.95%) Java
3 1,914 (16.53%) SQL
4 1,549 (13.38%) C#
5 1,482 (12.80%) JavaScript
6 1,170 (10.11%) PowerShell
7 859 (7.42%) Bash
8 549 (4.74%) TypeScript
9 362 (3.13%) Scala
10 285 (2.46%) Groovy
11 276 (2.38%) Go
12 212 (1.83%) Ruby
13 203 (1.75%) Shell Script
14 201 (1.74%) T-SQL
15 172 (1.49%) C
16 162 (1.40%) Java 8
17 159 (1.37%) PL/SQL
18 157 (1.36%) C++
19 153 (1.32%) Java 11
20 138 (1.19%) PHP
Qualifications
1 1,362 (11.76%) Security Cleared
2 1,090 (9.42%) SC Cleared
3 401 (3.46%) Degree
4 214 (1.85%) DV Cleared
5 172 (1.49%) AWS Certification
6 170 (1.47%) BPSS Clearance
7 97 (0.84%) ISTQB
8 92 (0.79%) Computer Science Degree
9 60 (0.52%) CISSP
10 55 (0.48%) Cisco Certification
11 53 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
12 51 (0.44%) Master's Degree
13 47 (0.41%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 41 (0.35%) ISEB
15 36 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
16 24 (0.21%) PMI Certification
17 22 (0.19%) CISM
18 21 (0.18%) MCSE
19 20 (0.17%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
20 19 (0.16%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 510 (4.41%) QA
2 222 (1.92%) Accessibility
3 165 (1.43%) GDPR
4 136 (1.17%) Data Quality
5 55 (0.48%) SLA
6 41 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 41 (0.35%) WCAG
7 37 (0.32%) PMO
8 33 (0.29%) NCSC
9 30 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 29 (0.25%) NIST
11 27 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
12 22 (0.19%) PCI DSS
13 12 (0.10%) GRC
13 12 (0.10%) GxP
14 11 (0.095%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 11 (0.095%) Good Clinical Practice
15 10 (0.086%) HL7
15 10 (0.086%) IFRS
16 9 (0.078%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 2,600 (22.46%) Docker
2 503 (4.34%) Active Directory
3 202 (1.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 139 (1.20%) Virtual Machines
5 50 (0.43%) Hyper-V
6 49 (0.42%) Virtual Desktop
7 42 (0.36%) vSphere
8 39 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 28 (0.24%) VMware NSX
10 27 (0.23%) vCloud
11 25 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
12 22 (0.19%) NFS
13 20 (0.17%) HDFS
14 17 (0.15%) Microsoft App-V
15 13 (0.11%) GridGain
16 12 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
17 11 (0.095%) LXC
18 10 (0.086%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
18 10 (0.086%) Virtual Servers
19 8 (0.069%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 3,369 (29.10%) Terraform
2 3,021 (26.09%) Kubernetes
3 1,929 (16.66%) Ansible
4 471 (4.07%) Puppet
5 366 (3.16%) Opscode Chef
6 334 (2.89%) Prometheus
7 322 (2.78%) Grafana
8 147 (1.27%) Kibana
9 145 (1.25%) Packer
10 142 (1.23%) Istio
11 117 (1.01%) Docker Swarm
12 103 (0.89%) Rancher
13 92 (0.79%) Consul
14 70 (0.60%) logstash
15 64 (0.55%) ZABBIX
16 60 (0.52%) Nagios
17 51 (0.44%) ITRS Geneos
18 50 (0.43%) BladeLogic
19 49 (0.42%) HAProxy
20 41 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 1,637 (14.14%) Microsoft
2 641 (5.54%) Oracle
3 553 (4.78%) Google
4 448 (3.87%) Databricks
5 317 (2.74%) Red Hat
6 316 (2.73%) VMware
7 300 (2.59%) Splunk
8 244 (2.11%) Salesforce.com
9 236 (2.04%) SAP
10 197 (1.70%) Atlassian
11 143 (1.24%) IBM
12 123 (1.06%) ServiceNow
13 100 (0.86%) AppDynamics
14 95 (0.82%) MuleSoft
15 94 (0.81%) Cisco
16 88 (0.76%) Informatica
17 62 (0.54%) CyberArk
18 55 (0.48%) Sitecore
19 52 (0.45%) New Relic
20 49 (0.42%) Citrix