Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 6 10 12
Rank change year-on-year +4 +2 +1
Contract jobs citing DevOps 9,272 4,388 10,043
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 13.10% 11.69% 10.93%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 14.85% 13.54% 12.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,588 3,191 7,077
10th Percentile £400 £380 £400
25th Percentile £461 £450 £456
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £525 £538
Median % change year-on-year +2.38% -2.33% +2.38%
75th Percentile £625 £625 £625
90th Percentile £700 £700 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 60 11 32
10th Percentile £27.71 £21.50 £22.85
25th Percentile £42.44 £47.50 £43.74
Median hourly rate £53.25 £50.00 £48.00
Median % change year-on-year +6.50% +4.17% -17.86%
75th Percentile £62.25 £63.50 £62.19
90th Percentile £68.00 £66.00 £70.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £50.00 £47.69
% change year-on-year +10.00% +4.84% -18.39%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 62,448 32,398 80,143
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 88.24% 86.35% 87.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 42,892 21,630 53,595
10th Percentile £313 £300 £300
25th Percentile £406 £400 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £576 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,699 930 2,178
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.36 £11.50
25th Percentile £15.00 £16.00 £14.50
Median hourly rate £24.00 £23.05 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +4.11% +2.46% +12.50%
75th Percentile £47.50 £46.00 £45.00
90th Percentile £60.87 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.97 £21.50 £22.93
% change year-on-year -2.48% -6.24% +20.68%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Daily rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Hourly rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 7,151 £538 - 3,003
London 0 4,304 £563 +2.27% 1,353
Work from Home +2 3,036 £540 +4.35% 688
UK excluding London +1 2,778 £500 - 1,781
South East +1 766 £500 - 378
North of England 0 656 £500 -4.76% 571
Scotland +8 412 £462 +2.67% 98
North West -3 343 £500 -4.58% 315
Midlands -10 332 £465 -2.11% 276
South West 0 317 £500 -2.44% 214
Yorkshire +5 247 £510 - 183
West Midlands -8 228 £475 - 196
East of England +1 183 £541 +8.20% 173
Wales +12 101 £500 +5.26% 55
East Midlands -4 98 £425 +0.59% 79
North East -8 67 £565 +2.73% 73
Northern Ireland -2 16 £431 +7.63% 17
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 4,388 (47.33%) Azure
2 4,016 (43.31%) Agile Software Development
3 2,787 (30.06%) AWS
4 2,496 (26.92%) Terraform
5 2,312 (24.94%) Python
6 2,252 (24.29%) Kubernetes
7 2,136 (23.04%) Docker
8 1,838 (19.82%) Java
9 1,768 (19.07%) Jenkins
10 1,699 (18.32%) SQL
11 1,655 (17.85%) Ansible
12 1,531 (16.51%) Linux
13 1,476 (15.92%) Social Skills
14 1,451 (15.65%) Git (software)
15 1,430 (15.42%) Finance
16 1,404 (15.14%) Microservices
17 1,300 (14.02%) Infrastructure as Code
18 1,257 (13.56%) Scrum
19 1,244 (13.42%) Microsoft
20 1,167 (12.59%) JavaScript
21 1,145 (12.35%) Test Automation
22 1,138 (12.27%) .NET
23 1,052 (11.35%) C#
24 1,022 (11.02%) TDD
25 1,011 (10.90%) Security Cleared
26 997 (10.75%) JIRA
27 980 (10.57%) GCP
28 955 (10.30%) Continuous Integration
29 899 (9.70%) PowerShell
30 847 (9.14%) Software Engineering

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 541 (5.83%) Confluence
2 291 (3.14%) Apache Spark
3 257 (2.77%) SharePoint
4 229 (2.47%) Apache
5 218 (2.35%) Elasticsearch
6 98 (1.06%) nginx
7 93 (1.00%) Apache Airflow
8 91 (0.98%) Tomcat
9 86 (0.93%) CMS
10 84 (0.91%) IIS
11 55 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
11 55 (0.59%) WebLogic
12 48 (0.52%) SAS
13 44 (0.47%) WebSphere
14 40 (0.43%) BizTalk Server
15 36 (0.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 36 (0.39%) OpenStack
16 31 (0.33%) JBoss
17 29 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 28 (0.30%) Mule
Applications
1 122 (1.32%) Microsoft Office
2 82 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
3 32 (0.35%) MS Visio
4 28 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 18 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.065%) Chatbot
6 6 (0.065%) Photoshop
7 5 (0.054%) Figma
8 4 (0.043%) Adobe XD
9 3 (0.032%) InVision
9 3 (0.032%) Sketch
9 3 (0.032%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.032%) SPSS
10 2 (0.022%) Mingle
10 2 (0.022%) UserZoom
11 1 (0.011%) FrameMaker
11 1 (0.011%) Siemens NX
11 1 (0.011%) Simulink
11 1 (0.011%) TargetLink
11 1 (0.011%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 106 (1.14%) Dynamics CRM
2 30 (0.32%) Magento
3 26 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
4 14 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 14 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
5 13 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
6 12 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
6 12 (0.13%) Sentinel
7 11 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
8 10 (0.11%) Summit
9 9 (0.097%) assyst
10 7 (0.075%) SAP S/4HANA
11 6 (0.065%) NetSuite
11 6 (0.065%) SAP ERP
11 6 (0.065%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 5 (0.054%) Primavera
12 5 (0.054%) SAP Oil and Gas
12 5 (0.054%) SunGard Martini
12 5 (0.054%) Temenos T24
13 4 (0.043%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 4,388 (47.33%) Azure
2 2,787 (30.06%) AWS
3 980 (10.57%) GCP
4 827 (8.92%) Serverless
5 800 (8.63%) PaaS
6 746 (8.05%) GitHub
7 628 (6.77%) IaaS
8 465 (5.02%) Power Platform
9 441 (4.76%) AWS CloudFormation
10 422 (4.55%) SaaS
11 374 (4.03%) AWS Lambda
12 317 (3.42%) Azure Data Factory
13 311 (3.35%) OpenShift
14 272 (2.93%) Azure Active Directory
15 245 (2.64%) Amazon EKS
16 236 (2.55%) Azure Functions
17 220 (2.37%) Microsoft 365
18 212 (2.29%) Amazon S3
19 203 (2.19%) Amazon EC2
20 180 (1.94%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 291 (3.14%) Firewall
2 182 (1.96%) DNS
3 127 (1.37%) HTTP
4 116 (1.25%) VPN
5 113 (1.22%) SSL
6 106 (1.14%) Network Security
7 105 (1.13%) TCP/IP
8 70 (0.75%) WAN
9 67 (0.72%) Internet
10 57 (0.61%) LAN
11 48 (0.52%) Kerberos
12 46 (0.50%) IPv4
13 38 (0.41%) IPsec
14 36 (0.39%) VLAN
15 34 (0.37%) SAN
16 32 (0.35%) DHCP
17 30 (0.32%) BGP
18 29 (0.31%) HTTPS
19 25 (0.27%) SNMP
20 23 (0.25%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 617 (6.65%) SQL Server
2 428 (4.62%) Big Data
3 368 (3.97%) NoSQL
4 357 (3.85%) Power BI
5 345 (3.72%) Data Lake
6 327 (3.53%) Data Warehouse
7 306 (3.30%) Azure SQL Database
8 295 (3.18%) PostgreSQL
9 277 (2.99%) MongoDB
10 274 (2.96%) Hadoop
11 214 (2.31%) Relational Database
12 191 (2.06%) MySQL
13 140 (1.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 121 (1.31%) Amazon RDS
15 109 (1.18%) BigQuery
16 107 (1.15%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 106 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 99 (1.07%) Redis
18 99 (1.07%) Tableau
19 93 (1.00%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,768 (19.07%) Jenkins
2 1,451 (15.65%) Git (software)
3 997 (10.75%) JIRA
4 449 (4.84%) GitLab
5 361 (3.89%) Maven
6 348 (3.75%) Bitbucket
7 274 (2.96%) Selenium
8 242 (2.61%) Cucumber
8 242 (2.61%) TeamCity
9 229 (2.47%) Artifactory
10 193 (2.08%) Visual Studio
11 189 (2.04%) Octopus Deploy
12 173 (1.87%) Gradle
13 167 (1.80%) SonarQube
14 159 (1.71%) JUnit
15 153 (1.65%) Sonatype Nexus
16 152 (1.64%) CircleCI
17 130 (1.40%) Postman
18 128 (1.38%) Travis CI
19 121 (1.31%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,476 (15.92%) Social Skills
2 1,430 (15.42%) Finance
3 775 (8.36%) Banking
4 607 (6.55%) Public Sector
5 467 (5.04%) Analytical Skills
6 222 (2.39%) Retail
7 194 (2.09%) Investment Banking
8 184 (1.98%) Telecoms
9 176 (1.90%) Presentation Skills
10 138 (1.49%) Front Office
11 135 (1.46%) Marketing
12 85 (0.92%) Manufacturing
13 82 (0.88%) Documentation Skills
14 78 (0.84%) Influencing Skills
15 75 (0.81%) Electronics
15 75 (0.81%) Retail Banking
16 71 (0.77%) Legal
17 50 (0.54%) Financial Institution
17 50 (0.54%) Law
18 49 (0.53%) Games
Job Titles
1 2,401 (25.90%) DevOps Engineer
2 2,149 (23.18%) Developer
3 1,046 (11.28%) Architect
4 929 (10.02%) Azure Engineer
5 598 (6.45%) AWS Engineer
6 563 (6.07%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 515 (5.55%) AWS DevOps
8 469 (5.06%) Azure DevOps
9 442 (4.77%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 393 (4.24%) Cloud Engineer
11 364 (3.93%) Java Developer
12 347 (3.74%) Consultant
13 325 (3.51%) Analyst
14 307 (3.31%) Data Engineer
15 295 (3.18%) .NET Developer
16 276 (2.98%) Cloud Architect
17 273 (2.94%) Senior Developer
18 268 (2.89%) Full Stack Developer
19 265 (2.86%) Platform Engineer
20 260 (2.80%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,138 (12.27%) .NET
2 728 (7.85%) React
3 598 (6.45%) Node.js
4 579 (6.24%) AngularJS
5 578 (6.23%) REST
6 551 (5.94%) Web Services
7 548 (5.91%) Kafka
8 519 (5.60%) HTML
9 506 (5.46%) Spring
10 461 (4.97%) CSS
11 431 (4.65%) Spring Boot
12 366 (3.95%) RESTful
13 359 (3.87%) .NET Core
14 313 (3.38%) JSON
15 238 (2.57%) ASP.NET
16 216 (2.33%) HTML5
17 211 (2.28%) YAML
18 206 (2.22%) .NET Framework
19 203 (2.19%) XML
20 185 (2.00%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 398 (4.29%) Cloud Native
2 385 (4.15%) Public Cloud
3 291 (3.14%) Greenfield Project
4 234 (2.52%) User Experience
5 197 (2.12%) Data Centre
6 178 (1.92%) Self-Motivation
7 166 (1.79%) Mobile App
8 156 (1.68%) Data Protection Act
9 139 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
10 137 (1.48%) Hybrid Cloud
11 125 (1.35%) Data Structures
12 109 (1.18%) Legacy Systems
13 99 (1.07%) Management Information System
14 90 (0.97%) Algorithms
15 81 (0.87%) Virtual Team
16 80 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
17 68 (0.73%) Fixed Income
18 66 (0.71%) Legacy Applications
19 63 (0.68%) NHS
20 62 (0.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 1,531 (16.51%) Linux
2 765 (8.25%) Windows
3 273 (2.94%) Unix
4 208 (2.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 190 (2.05%) Windows Server
6 114 (1.23%) CentOS
7 100 (1.08%) Android
8 67 (0.72%) Ubuntu
9 66 (0.71%) VMS
10 58 (0.63%) Apple iOS
11 26 (0.28%) Amazon Linux
11 26 (0.28%) Windows Server 2019
12 24 (0.26%) CoreOS
12 24 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
13 21 (0.23%) AIX
13 21 (0.23%) Solaris
13 21 (0.23%) Windows Server 2016
14 17 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
15 15 (0.16%) Windows 10
16 12 (0.13%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,016 (43.31%) Agile Software Development
2 1,404 (15.14%) Microservices
3 1,300 (14.02%) Infrastructure as Code
4 1,257 (13.56%) Scrum
5 1,145 (12.35%) Test Automation
6 1,022 (11.02%) TDD
7 955 (10.30%) Continuous Integration
8 847 (9.14%) Software Engineering
9 665 (7.17%) Migration
10 650 (7.01%) Analytics
11 598 (6.45%) Problem-Solving
12 524 (5.65%) BDD
13 523 (5.64%) Configuration Management
14 510 (5.50%) Business Intelligence
15 500 (5.39%) Continuous Delivery
16 476 (5.13%) Mentoring
17 443 (4.78%) SDLC
18 440 (4.75%) Stakeholder Management
19 438 (4.72%) Continuous Improvement
20 386 (4.16%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,312 (24.94%) Python
2 1,838 (19.82%) Java
3 1,699 (18.32%) SQL
4 1,167 (12.59%) JavaScript
5 1,052 (11.35%) C#
6 899 (9.70%) PowerShell
7 614 (6.62%) Bash Shell
8 453 (4.89%) TypeScript
9 342 (3.69%) Scala
10 262 (2.83%) Go
11 232 (2.50%) Groovy
12 216 (2.33%) Ruby
13 201 (2.17%) C++
14 192 (2.07%) PHP
15 190 (2.05%) Shell Script
16 165 (1.78%) Java 8
17 154 (1.66%) C
18 141 (1.52%) T-SQL
19 129 (1.39%) Perl
20 124 (1.34%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,011 (10.90%) Security Cleared
2 799 (8.62%) SC Cleared
3 355 (3.83%) Degree
4 132 (1.42%) DV Cleared
5 121 (1.31%) AWS Certification
6 111 (1.20%) Computer Science Degree
7 79 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
8 69 (0.74%) ISTQB
9 58 (0.63%) Cisco Certification
10 50 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
11 48 (0.52%) CISSP
12 35 (0.38%) ISEB
13 34 (0.37%) DBS Check
14 32 (0.35%) Master's Degree
15 30 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 23 (0.25%) CCNA
16 23 (0.25%) CCNP
17 20 (0.22%) CCIE
18 19 (0.20%) CISM
18 19 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 413 (4.45%) QA
2 185 (2.00%) Accessibility
3 102 (1.10%) Data Quality
4 75 (0.81%) GDPR
5 66 (0.71%) SLA
6 44 (0.47%) PCI DSS
7 33 (0.36%) PMO
8 24 (0.26%) WCAG
9 20 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 19 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 17 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
12 15 (0.16%) NIST
13 12 (0.13%) NCSC
14 7 (0.075%) JTAG
15 5 (0.054%) HL7
15 5 (0.054%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 5 (0.054%) MiFID
15 5 (0.054%) PSD2
16 4 (0.043%) FedRAMP
16 4 (0.043%) SEPA
System Software
1 2,136 (23.04%) Docker
2 450 (4.85%) Active Directory
3 204 (2.20%) VMware Infrastructure
4 118 (1.27%) Virtual Machines
5 62 (0.67%) Hyper-V
6 52 (0.56%) HDFS
6 52 (0.56%) Virtual Desktop
7 35 (0.38%) vSphere
8 32 (0.35%) GridGain
9 24 (0.26%) RACF
9 24 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
10 21 (0.23%) VMware NSX
11 20 (0.22%) Varnish
11 20 (0.22%) XenApp
12 19 (0.20%) Microsoft App-V
13 14 (0.15%) Apache Flume
13 14 (0.15%) NFS
13 14 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
14 13 (0.14%) KVM
15 9 (0.097%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 2,496 (26.92%) Terraform
2 2,252 (24.29%) Kubernetes
3 1,655 (17.85%) Ansible
4 510 (5.50%) Puppet
5 384 (4.14%) Opscode Chef
6 278 (3.00%) Grafana
7 193 (2.08%) Prometheus
8 151 (1.63%) Kibana
9 133 (1.43%) Istio
10 131 (1.41%) Packer
11 85 (0.92%) Rancher
12 65 (0.70%) Docker Swarm
13 46 (0.50%) Nagios
14 45 (0.49%) Active Directory Federation Services
15 42 (0.45%) logstash
16 40 (0.43%) Microsoft Intune
16 40 (0.43%) Oozie
17 37 (0.40%) Consul
18 35 (0.38%) vRealize
19 32 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 1,244 (13.42%) Microsoft
2 596 (6.43%) Google
3 568 (6.13%) Oracle
4 387 (4.17%) Databricks
5 300 (3.24%) VMware
6 274 (2.96%) Splunk
7 202 (2.18%) Red Hat
8 189 (2.04%) SAP
9 180 (1.94%) IBM
10 153 (1.65%) Salesforce.com
11 142 (1.53%) Atlassian
12 130 (1.40%) MuleSoft
13 112 (1.21%) Cloudera
14 86 (0.93%) Cisco
15 74 (0.80%) ServiceNow
16 67 (0.72%) New Relic
17 59 (0.64%) HP
18 51 (0.55%) Citrix
18 51 (0.55%) Hortonworks
19 50 (0.54%) AppDynamics