Period
to 18 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 18 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 10 21 32
Rank change year-on-year +11 +11 +41
Contract jobs citing DevOps 10,032 7,354 5,709
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.09% 7.33% 5.88%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.60% 8.54% 6.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,979 5,447 4,083
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £400 £385 £363
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £495 £450
% change year-on-year +1.06% +9.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 35 9
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £49.50 £54.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -29.29% -9.17% -0.91%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £49.50 £53.25
% change year-on-year -29.29% -7.04% -3.18%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,466 86,109 82,761
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.92% 85.85% 85.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,091 57,587 54,662
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £408 £400
% change year-on-year +4.29% +1.88% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,191 2,026 2,393
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £23.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.17% - -
10th Percentile £11.28 £11.25 £11.06
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -6.25% +6.67% -10.00%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing DevOps.

Contractor daily rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps.

Contractor hourly rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 9,425 £530 +0.95% 2,380
London +4 5,502 £550 +2.33% 1,203
UK excluding London +18 4,415 £500 +1.06% 1,302
South East +11 1,213 £510 +2.00% 313
North of England +17 1,209 £500 +5.26% 404
Midlands +20 685 £475 -4.04% 189
North West +19 583 £500 +3.63% 192
West Midlands +20 471 £486 -2.75% 122
South West 0 454 £500 +1.01% 152
Yorkshire +16 443 £462 -7.70% 164
Scotland +19 408 £500 +5.26% 63
East of England +39 362 £500 -4.76% 121
East Midlands +13 216 £475 - 67
North East +7 189 £500 -4.76% 48
Wales +22 108 £544 +14.47% 40
Northern Ireland +21 14 £475 +5.56% 22
Isle of Man - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 18 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 4,897 (48.81%) Agile Software Development
2 3,810 (37.98%) Amazon AWS
3 3,285 (32.75%) Jenkins
4 3,268 (32.58%) Docker
5 3,036 (30.26%) Linux
6 2,904 (28.95%) Java
7 2,797 (27.88%) Ansible
8 2,620 (26.12%) Python
9 2,492 (24.84%) Microsoft Azure
10 2,267 (22.60%) Kubernetes
11 2,233 (22.26%) Terraform
12 2,065 (20.58%) Git (software)
13 1,961 (19.55%) Continuous Integration
14 1,894 (18.88%) Puppet
15 1,727 (17.21%) Finance
16 1,633 (16.28%) Microservices
17 1,501 (14.96%) Scrum
18 1,474 (14.69%) Test Automation
19 1,321 (13.17%) Opscode Chef
20 1,270 (12.66%) JavaScript
21 1,254 (12.50%) TDD
22 1,240 (12.36%) Configuration Management
23 1,235 (12.31%) SQL
24 1,210 (12.06%) Windows
25 1,071 (10.68%) Microsoft
26 1,043 (10.40%) JIRA
27 983 (9.80%) Bash Shell
28 978 (9.75%) .NET
29 960 (9.57%) Continuous Delivery
30 955 (9.52%) Security Cleared

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 636 (6.34%) Confluence
2 418 (4.17%) Apache
3 405 (4.04%) Elasticsearch
4 360 (3.59%) nginx
5 325 (3.24%) Tomcat
6 228 (2.27%) IIS
7 208 (2.07%) Apache Spark
8 199 (1.98%) Cloud Foundry
9 168 (1.67%) JBoss
10 155 (1.55%) WebSphere
11 146 (1.46%) OpenStack
12 143 (1.43%) SharePoint
13 108 (1.08%) WebLogic
14 90 (0.90%) CMS
15 62 (0.62%) Jetty
16 58 (0.58%) Mongrel
17 56 (0.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 55 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 44 (0.44%) Apache Solr
20 34 (0.34%) WordPress
Applications
1 106 (1.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 50 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 44 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
4 43 (0.43%) MS Visio
5 32 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.090%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.070%) Chatbot
8 5 (0.050%) HipChat
9 3 (0.030%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.010%) Open Workbench
10 1 (0.010%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.010%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 77 (0.77%) Dynamics CRM
2 20 (0.20%) Teamcenter
3 19 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
3 19 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
4 18 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
4 18 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 16 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
6 15 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
7 11 (0.11%) Endur
8 9 (0.090%) Magento
9 6 (0.060%) SAP ERP
10 5 (0.050%) Oracle EBS
11 3 (0.030%) HFM
11 3 (0.030%) Maximo
11 3 (0.030%) NetSuite
11 3 (0.030%) R3 Corda
11 3 (0.030%) Remedy ITSM
11 3 (0.030%) SAP BPC
11 3 (0.030%) SAP S/4HANA
11 3 (0.030%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 3,810 (37.98%) Amazon AWS
2 2,492 (24.84%) Microsoft Azure
3 703 (7.01%) PaaS
4 634 (6.32%) Google Cloud Platform
5 576 (5.74%) GitHub
6 567 (5.65%) AWS CloudFormation
7 531 (5.29%) Amazon EC2
8 520 (5.18%) IaaS
9 434 (4.33%) Serverless
10 376 (3.75%) Amazon S3
11 331 (3.30%) OpenShift
11 331 (3.30%) SaaS
12 320 (3.19%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 302 (3.01%) AWS Lambda
14 245 (2.44%) Cloud Computing
15 170 (1.69%) Route 53
16 165 (1.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 139 (1.39%) Amazon ELB
18 132 (1.32%) Office 365
19 124 (1.24%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 406 (4.05%) Firewall
2 396 (3.95%) HTTP
3 352 (3.51%) DNS
4 322 (3.21%) TCP/IP
5 289 (2.88%) SSL
6 204 (2.03%) VPN
7 116 (1.16%) DHCP
8 101 (1.01%) IPsec
9 96 (0.96%) Internet
10 95 (0.95%) Network Security
11 93 (0.93%) FTP
12 57 (0.57%) SSH
13 56 (0.56%) WAN
14 53 (0.53%) Kerberos
15 51 (0.51%) LAN
16 50 (0.50%) Cisco Nexus
17 48 (0.48%) VLAN
18 43 (0.43%) SAN
19 39 (0.39%) DSL
20 27 (0.27%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 632 (6.30%) MongoDB
2 625 (6.23%) SQL Server
3 614 (6.12%) NoSQL
4 563 (5.61%) MySQL
5 509 (5.07%) Hadoop
6 464 (4.63%) PostgreSQL
7 434 (4.33%) Big Data
8 390 (3.89%) Relational Database
9 302 (3.01%) Apache Cassandra
10 255 (2.54%) Amazon RDS
11 232 (2.31%) RDBMS
12 211 (2.10%) Redis
13 134 (1.34%) Data Warehouse
14 133 (1.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 132 (1.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 115 (1.15%) Power BI
17 112 (1.12%) Data Lake
18 110 (1.10%) Apache Hive
18 110 (1.10%) Oracle Database
19 97 (0.97%) HBase
Development Applications
1 3,285 (32.75%) Jenkins
2 2,065 (20.58%) Git (software)
3 1,043 (10.40%) JIRA
4 774 (7.72%) Maven
5 603 (6.01%) Selenium
6 519 (5.17%) Visual Studio Team System
7 426 (4.25%) Cucumber
8 421 (4.20%) TeamCity
9 377 (3.76%) Sonatype Nexus
10 350 (3.49%) GitLab
11 315 (3.14%) JUnit
12 305 (3.04%) SonarQube
13 299 (2.98%) Gradle
14 294 (2.93%) Visual Studio
15 280 (2.79%) Subversion
16 276 (2.75%) Bitbucket
17 275 (2.74%) Artifactory
17 275 (2.74%) Octopus Deploy
18 264 (2.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 257 (2.56%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,727 (17.21%) Finance
2 792 (7.89%) Banking
3 259 (2.58%) Retail
4 162 (1.61%) Telecoms
5 150 (1.50%) Front Office
6 139 (1.39%) Marketing
7 104 (1.04%) Manufacturing
8 97 (0.97%) Financial Institution
9 89 (0.89%) Law
10 82 (0.82%) Investment Banking
11 80 (0.80%) Publishing
12 77 (0.77%) Legal
13 76 (0.76%) Electronics
14 56 (0.56%) Advertising
15 55 (0.55%) Games
16 44 (0.44%) Retail Banking
17 36 (0.36%) Back Office
17 36 (0.36%) Billing
18 21 (0.21%) Aerospace
19 20 (0.20%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 3,909 (38.97%) DevOps Engineer
2 2,246 (22.39%) Developer
3 1,064 (10.61%) AWS Engineer
4 1,024 (10.21%) AWS DevOps
5 901 (8.98%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 887 (8.84%) Architect
7 782 (7.80%) Java Developer
8 499 (4.97%) Azure DevOps
9 440 (4.39%) Azure Engineer
10 432 (4.31%) Senior DevOps
11 384 (3.83%) Cloud Engineer
12 381 (3.80%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 372 (3.71%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 358 (3.57%) Consultant
15 318 (3.17%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 310 (3.09%) Senior Developer
17 302 (3.01%) Linux Engineer
18 275 (2.74%) Full Stack Developer
19 257 (2.56%) Kubernetes Engineer
20 244 (2.43%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 978 (9.75%) .NET
2 923 (9.20%) Web Services
3 880 (8.77%) Node.js
4 796 (7.93%) REST
5 749 (7.47%) Spring
6 719 (7.17%) AngularJS
7 701 (6.99%) HTML
8 636 (6.34%) CSS
9 528 (5.26%) React
10 517 (5.15%) Spring Boot
11 476 (4.74%) JSON
12 468 (4.67%) RESTful
13 452 (4.51%) Elastic Stack
14 448 (4.47%) Kafka
15 404 (4.03%) HTML5
16 274 (2.73%) XML
17 252 (2.51%) SOAP
18 245 (2.44%) Middleware
19 229 (2.28%) RabbitMQ
20 221 (2.20%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 495 (4.93%) Greenfield Project
2 345 (3.44%) Public Cloud
3 280 (2.79%) Analytical Skills
4 261 (2.60%) Data Centre
5 257 (2.56%) User Experience
6 233 (2.32%) Cloud Native
7 227 (2.26%) Fintech
8 165 (1.64%) Mobile App
9 158 (1.57%) Hybrid Cloud
10 151 (1.51%) Enterprise Software
11 145 (1.45%) Self-Motivation
12 123 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
13 101 (1.01%) Management Information System
14 91 (0.91%) Private Cloud
15 82 (0.82%) Algorithms
16 78 (0.78%) Clustering
17 74 (0.74%) iPad
18 67 (0.67%) Data Structures
19 64 (0.64%) PKI
20 62 (0.62%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 3,036 (30.26%) Linux
2 1,210 (12.06%) Windows
3 742 (7.40%) Unix
4 687 (6.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 308 (3.07%) Windows Server
6 306 (3.05%) CentOS
7 179 (1.78%) Ubuntu
8 152 (1.52%) Android
9 131 (1.31%) Apple iOS
10 72 (0.72%) Solaris
10 72 (0.72%) Windows Server 2012
11 50 (0.50%) Debian
12 47 (0.47%) CoreOS
12 47 (0.47%) Mac OS X
13 35 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
14 31 (0.31%) VMS
15 30 (0.30%) AIX
16 21 (0.21%) Oracle Linux
17 17 (0.17%) Fedora
18 16 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,897 (48.81%) Agile Software Development
2 1,961 (19.55%) Continuous Integration
3 1,633 (16.28%) Microservices
4 1,501 (14.96%) Scrum
5 1,474 (14.69%) Test Automation
6 1,254 (12.50%) TDD
7 1,240 (12.36%) Configuration Management
8 960 (9.57%) Continuous Delivery
9 893 (8.90%) Open Source
10 757 (7.55%) BDD
11 755 (7.53%) Migration
12 647 (6.45%) Kanban
13 627 (6.25%) Problem-Solving
14 621 (6.19%) Software Engineering
15 586 (5.84%) Deployment Automation
16 501 (4.99%) Analytics
17 445 (4.44%) Continuous Deployment
18 376 (3.75%) Mentoring
19 371 (3.70%) SDLC
20 363 (3.62%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 2,904 (28.95%) Java
2 2,620 (26.12%) Python
3 1,270 (12.66%) JavaScript
4 1,235 (12.31%) SQL
5 983 (9.80%) Bash Shell
6 858 (8.55%) PowerShell
7 814 (8.11%) C#
8 782 (7.80%) Ruby
9 547 (5.45%) Perl
10 467 (4.66%) Java 8
11 411 (4.10%) Groovy
12 345 (3.44%) Go
13 332 (3.31%) Scala
14 309 (3.08%) Shell Script
15 254 (2.53%) PHP
16 172 (1.71%) TypeScript
17 166 (1.65%) C++
18 104 (1.04%) C
19 97 (0.97%) ES6
20 70 (0.70%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 955 (9.52%) Security Cleared
2 739 (7.37%) SC Cleared
3 373 (3.72%) Degree
4 173 (1.72%) AWS Certification
5 161 (1.60%) Computer Science Degree
6 113 (1.13%) BPSS Clearance
7 96 (0.96%) Cisco Certification
8 76 (0.76%) CISSP
9 68 (0.68%) CCNP
10 61 (0.61%) RHCE
11 58 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
12 52 (0.52%) DV Cleared
13 51 (0.51%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 46 (0.46%) CISM
15 43 (0.43%) ISTQB
16 39 (0.39%) Numerate Degree
17 37 (0.37%) ISEB
18 24 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
19 23 (0.23%) MCSE
20 16 (0.16%) (ISC)2 CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 488 (4.86%) QA
2 81 (0.81%) GDPR
3 51 (0.51%) Disclosure Scotland
3 51 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 41 (0.41%) SLA
5 40 (0.40%) PCI DSS
6 38 (0.38%) PMO
7 29 (0.29%) Data Quality
8 25 (0.25%) PSD2
9 17 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 11 (0.11%) FINRA
11 10 (0.100%) FedRAMP
12 9 (0.090%) HIPAA
12 9 (0.090%) ISO 22301
13 8 (0.080%) ISAE 3402
13 8 (0.080%) ISO 31000
13 8 (0.080%) ISO 9001
13 8 (0.080%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 6 (0.060%) COBIT
14 6 (0.060%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 3,268 (32.58%) Docker
2 354 (3.53%) Active Directory
3 256 (2.55%) VMware Infrastructure
4 250 (2.49%) Virtual Machines
5 82 (0.82%) Xen
6 66 (0.66%) HDFS
7 62 (0.62%) Hyper-V
8 44 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 38 (0.38%) NFS
10 33 (0.33%) VirtualBox
11 32 (0.32%) KVM
12 30 (0.30%) Apache Flume
13 22 (0.22%) vSphere
14 21 (0.21%) etcd
14 21 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
15 19 (0.19%) flannel
15 19 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
15 19 (0.19%) vCloud
16 16 (0.16%) SkyDNS
16 16 (0.16%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 2,797 (27.88%) Ansible
2 2,267 (22.60%) Kubernetes
3 2,233 (22.26%) Terraform
4 1,894 (18.88%) Puppet
5 1,321 (13.17%) Opscode Chef
6 277 (2.76%) Kibana
6 277 (2.76%) Packer
7 254 (2.53%) Grafana
8 200 (1.99%) Prometheus
9 198 (1.97%) Nagios
10 189 (1.88%) Salt
11 171 (1.70%) logstash
12 144 (1.44%) Docker Swarm
13 131 (1.31%) ZABBIX
14 115 (1.15%) Rancher
15 104 (1.04%) Mesos
16 102 (1.02%) Single Sign-On
17 99 (0.99%) Consul
18 77 (0.77%) Graphite
19 68 (0.68%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 1,071 (10.68%) Microsoft
2 733 (7.31%) Oracle
3 639 (6.37%) Google
4 591 (5.89%) Red Hat
5 462 (4.61%) Splunk
6 407 (4.06%) VMware
7 237 (2.36%) Atlassian
8 190 (1.89%) SAP
9 155 (1.55%) Cisco
10 136 (1.36%) New Relic
11 127 (1.27%) IBM
12 108 (1.08%) AppDynamics
13 100 (1.00%) ServiceNow
14 97 (0.97%) Adobe
15 87 (0.87%) Cloudera
16 77 (0.77%) Qualys
17 74 (0.74%) MuleSoft
18 72 (0.72%) Hortonworks
19 66 (0.66%) hybris
20 65 (0.65%) Tableau