Period
to 28 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 28 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
28 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 11 10 15
Rank change year-on-year -1 +5 +17
Contract jobs citing DevOps 6,865 10,221 7,922
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.16% 10.34% 7.79%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.95% 11.84% 9.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,733 7,099 5,817
UK median daily rate £550 £530 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.77% +0.95% +5.00%
10th Percentile £400 £400 £392
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 23 42
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £35.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +31.43% -30.00% -26.35%
10th Percentile £21.85 £35.00 £35.00
90th Percentile £78.75 £63.95 £68.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £35.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year +22.86% -30.00% -26.35%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 57,450 86,355 87,842
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.06% 87.33% 86.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 37,023 57,077 58,544
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £285 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +2.94% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,915 2,257 2,146
UK median hourly rate £24.50 £24.08 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.74% +0.33% -2.04%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.50 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.10 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £22.88 £24.00
% change year-on-year -6.01% -4.69% +0.10%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing DevOps.

Contractor daily rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 28 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps.

Contractor hourly rate trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 28 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 28 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 6,311 £550 +2.33% 2,502
London 0 3,511 £575 +4.55% 1,070
UK excluding London -2 3,227 £500 - 1,639
South East +2 896 £500 -2.44% 378
North of England -6 751 £500 - 441
South West +9 535 £530 +5.98% 187
North West -2 422 £525 +2.49% 208
Midlands -7 376 £475 - 264
Scotland +1 342 £525 +5.00% 119
Yorkshire -4 237 £500 +5.26% 183
West Midlands -9 227 £500 +5.26% 181
East of England -3 213 £500 - 165
East Midlands +3 146 £425 -10.53% 82
Wales +6 101 £470 -8.74% 65
North East -9 93 £438 -12.50% 50
Northern Ireland +14 19 £375 -16.67% 24

For the 6 months to 28 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 3,291 (47.94%) Agile Software Development
2 2,624 (38.22%) Azure
3 2,270 (33.07%) AWS
4 1,916 (27.91%) Docker
5 1,816 (26.45%) Kubernetes
6 1,784 (25.99%) Python
7 1,679 (24.46%) Terraform
8 1,593 (23.20%) Java
9 1,485 (21.63%) Jenkins
10 1,475 (21.49%) Ansible
11 1,421 (20.70%) Linux
12 1,125 (16.39%) Git (software)
13 1,118 (16.29%) SQL
14 1,068 (15.56%) Finance
15 989 (14.41%) Security Cleared
16 971 (14.14%) Continuous Integration
17 962 (14.01%) Microsoft
18 952 (13.87%) Microservices
19 933 (13.59%) Scrum
20 905 (13.18%) Test Automation
21 887 (12.92%) JavaScript
22 830 (12.09%) .NET
23 818 (11.92%) C#
24 798 (11.62%) JIRA
25 781 (11.38%) SC Cleared
26 763 (11.11%) Infrastructure as Code
27 742 (10.81%) Puppet
28 734 (10.69%) PowerShell
29 701 (10.21%) TDD
30 668 (9.73%) Windows

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 459 (6.69%) Confluence
2 172 (2.51%) Elasticsearch
3 150 (2.18%) Apache
4 147 (2.14%) Apache Spark
5 139 (2.02%) nginx
6 124 (1.81%) SharePoint
7 96 (1.40%) WebLogic
8 95 (1.38%) Tomcat
9 93 (1.35%) IIS
10 82 (1.19%) OpenStack
11 62 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
12 50 (0.73%) WebSphere
13 42 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 41 (0.60%) SAS
15 30 (0.44%) JBoss
16 27 (0.39%) CMS
17 25 (0.36%) Jetty
18 22 (0.32%) Mongrel
19 21 (0.31%) Jupyter
20 19 (0.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 61 (0.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 51 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
3 50 (0.73%) MS Visio
4 47 (0.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 27 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
6 7 (0.10%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.087%) Adobe Illustrator
7 6 (0.087%) Adobe XD
8 4 (0.058%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.058%) Open Workbench
8 4 (0.058%) Sketch
9 1 (0.015%) InVision
9 1 (0.015%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.015%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 118 (1.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 25 (0.36%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 17 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
4 14 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
5 12 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
6 9 (0.13%) NetSuite
7 7 (0.10%) Magento
7 7 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
7 7 (0.10%) SAP ERP
7 7 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
8 6 (0.087%) BusinessWorks
8 6 (0.087%) Oracle Applications
8 6 (0.087%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 5 (0.073%) Payment Gateway
9 5 (0.073%) SAP BPC
10 4 (0.058%) Unit4 Business World
11 3 (0.044%) Aligne
11 3 (0.044%) Endur
11 3 (0.044%) Maximo
11 3 (0.044%) Oracle Payroll
Cloud Services
1 2,624 (38.22%) Azure
2 2,270 (33.07%) AWS
3 610 (8.89%) GCP
4 566 (8.24%) Serverless
5 457 (6.66%) GitHub
5 457 (6.66%) PaaS
6 428 (6.23%) Amazon EC2
7 419 (6.10%) AWS CloudFormation
8 333 (4.85%) Amazon S3
9 331 (4.82%) AWS Lambda
9 331 (4.82%) IaaS
10 330 (4.81%) OpenShift
11 279 (4.06%) Power Platform
12 274 (3.99%) SaaS
13 197 (2.87%) Amazon ECS
14 169 (2.46%) Azure Active Directory
15 133 (1.94%) Dynamics 365
16 123 (1.79%) Amazon SQS
17 116 (1.69%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 112 (1.63%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 187 (2.72%) Firewall
2 155 (2.26%) DNS
3 128 (1.86%) HTTP
4 122 (1.78%) TCP/IP
5 110 (1.60%) SSL
6 104 (1.51%) VPN
7 70 (1.02%) Internet
8 68 (0.99%) Network Security
9 61 (0.89%) DHCP
10 44 (0.64%) SAN
11 38 (0.55%) FTP
12 37 (0.54%) IPsec
13 32 (0.47%) Skype
13 32 (0.47%) WAN
14 28 (0.41%) BGP
15 25 (0.36%) Kerberos
16 24 (0.35%) LAN
17 23 (0.34%) MPLS
18 18 (0.26%) HTTPS
19 17 (0.25%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 518 (7.55%) SQL Server
2 329 (4.79%) Big Data
3 273 (3.98%) Power BI
4 271 (3.95%) PostgreSQL
5 251 (3.66%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 240 (3.50%) NoSQL
7 228 (3.32%) MySQL
8 227 (3.31%) Amazon RDS
9 214 (3.12%) Data Lake
10 190 (2.77%) MongoDB
11 187 (2.72%) Hadoop
12 161 (2.35%) Relational Database
13 159 (2.32%) Data Warehouse
14 147 (2.14%) Azure SQL Database
15 137 (2.00%) Amazon Redshift
16 124 (1.81%) Redis
17 98 (1.43%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 90 (1.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 72 (1.05%) Apache Cassandra
20 61 (0.89%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,485 (21.63%) Jenkins
2 1,125 (16.39%) Git (software)
3 798 (11.62%) JIRA
4 317 (4.62%) Visual Studio Team System
5 309 (4.50%) GitLab
6 257 (3.74%) Bitbucket
7 255 (3.71%) Visual Studio
8 253 (3.69%) Selenium
9 204 (2.97%) Maven
10 197 (2.87%) Cucumber
11 196 (2.86%) Artifactory
12 181 (2.64%) Team Foundation Server
13 146 (2.13%) TeamCity
14 140 (2.04%) Sonatype Nexus
15 126 (1.84%) Travis CI
16 122 (1.78%) JUnit
16 122 (1.78%) Octopus Deploy
17 102 (1.49%) CircleCI
18 95 (1.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 89 (1.30%) Subversion
General
1 1,068 (15.56%) Finance
2 480 (6.99%) Public Sector
3 379 (5.52%) Banking
4 172 (2.51%) Front Office
5 114 (1.66%) Retail
6 105 (1.53%) Telecoms
7 102 (1.49%) Marketing
8 82 (1.19%) Investment Banking
9 67 (0.98%) Manufacturing
10 57 (0.83%) Legal
11 42 (0.61%) Financial Institution
12 40 (0.58%) Publishing
13 37 (0.54%) Law
14 35 (0.51%) Electronics
14 35 (0.51%) Games
15 34 (0.50%) Back Office
16 31 (0.45%) Retail Banking
17 27 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
18 23 (0.34%) Military
19 20 (0.29%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,161 (31.48%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,664 (24.24%) Developer
3 618 (9.00%) Architect
4 551 (8.03%) AWS Engineer
5 521 (7.59%) AWS DevOps
6 431 (6.28%) Azure Engineer
7 420 (6.12%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 369 (5.38%) Java Developer
9 326 (4.75%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 295 (4.30%) Senior DevOps
11 266 (3.87%) Cloud Engineer
12 254 (3.70%) Consultant
12 254 (3.70%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 228 (3.32%) Azure DevOps
14 217 (3.16%) .NET Developer
15 216 (3.15%) Senior Developer
16 203 (2.96%) Software Engineer
17 197 (2.87%) Kubernetes Engineer
18 191 (2.78%) Analyst
19 176 (2.56%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 830 (12.09%) .NET
2 597 (8.70%) Web Services
3 524 (7.63%) Node.js
4 390 (5.68%) REST
5 380 (5.54%) HTML
6 371 (5.40%) AngularJS
7 361 (5.26%) CSS
8 338 (4.92%) React
9 335 (4.88%) Spring
10 300 (4.37%) RESTful
11 281 (4.09%) Kafka
12 264 (3.85%) JSON
13 211 (3.07%) .NET Core
14 203 (2.96%) Spring Boot
14 203 (2.96%) XML
15 187 (2.72%) J2EE
16 174 (2.53%) ASP.NET
17 148 (2.16%) Elastic Stack
18 147 (2.14%) SOAP
19 132 (1.92%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 329 (4.79%) Greenfield Project
2 253 (3.69%) Analytical Skills
3 225 (3.28%) Public Cloud
4 181 (2.64%) Data Centre
5 173 (2.52%) User Experience
6 142 (2.07%) Cloud Native
7 130 (1.89%) Enterprise Software
8 97 (1.41%) Fixed Income
8 97 (1.41%) Linux Command Line
9 95 (1.38%) Derivative
10 87 (1.27%) Mobile App
11 83 (1.21%) Hybrid Cloud
12 78 (1.14%) Equities
13 73 (1.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 73 (1.06%) Virtual Team
14 71 (1.03%) Self-Motivation
15 63 (0.92%) PKI
16 62 (0.90%) Management Information System
17 52 (0.76%) Replication
18 48 (0.70%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,421 (20.70%) Linux
2 668 (9.73%) Windows
3 299 (4.36%) Unix
4 247 (3.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 141 (2.05%) Windows Server
6 129 (1.88%) CentOS
7 115 (1.68%) Ubuntu
8 73 (1.06%) Android
9 49 (0.71%) Amazon Linux
10 41 (0.60%) Apple iOS
11 33 (0.48%) Solaris
12 29 (0.42%) VMS
13 28 (0.41%) CoreOS
14 27 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
15 23 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
16 21 (0.31%) Mac OS X
17 15 (0.22%) Debian
17 15 (0.22%) Windows 10
18 9 (0.13%) AIX
18 9 (0.13%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,291 (47.94%) Agile Software Development
2 971 (14.14%) Continuous Integration
3 952 (13.87%) Microservices
4 933 (13.59%) Scrum
5 905 (13.18%) Test Automation
6 763 (11.11%) Infrastructure as Code
7 701 (10.21%) TDD
8 663 (9.66%) Software Engineering
9 562 (8.19%) Migration
10 559 (8.14%) Configuration Management
11 477 (6.95%) Kanban
12 462 (6.73%) Continuous Delivery
13 453 (6.60%) Open Source
14 444 (6.47%) Analytics
15 355 (5.17%) Business Intelligence
16 352 (5.13%) BDD
17 307 (4.47%) Mentoring
18 279 (4.06%) Stakeholder Management
19 276 (4.02%) SDLC
20 271 (3.95%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,784 (25.99%) Python
2 1,593 (23.20%) Java
3 1,118 (16.29%) SQL
4 887 (12.92%) JavaScript
5 818 (11.92%) C#
6 734 (10.69%) PowerShell
7 482 (7.02%) Bash Shell
8 405 (5.90%) Ruby
9 225 (3.28%) Go
10 202 (2.94%) Scala
11 177 (2.58%) Shell Script
12 176 (2.56%) Groovy
13 166 (2.42%) TypeScript
14 164 (2.39%) Java 8
15 145 (2.11%) Perl
16 136 (1.98%) PHP
17 127 (1.85%) R
18 114 (1.66%) C++
19 111 (1.62%) T-SQL
20 109 (1.59%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 989 (14.41%) Security Cleared
2 781 (11.38%) SC Cleared
3 234 (3.41%) Degree
4 135 (1.97%) AWS Certification
5 116 (1.69%) DV Cleared
6 76 (1.11%) BPSS Clearance
7 63 (0.92%) Computer Science Degree
8 53 (0.77%) Microsoft Certification
9 45 (0.66%) Cisco Certification
10 44 (0.64%) ISTQB
11 43 (0.63%) CISSP
12 27 (0.39%) ISEB
13 25 (0.36%) CCNP
13 25 (0.36%) DBS Check
13 25 (0.36%) MCSA
14 24 (0.35%) CISM
15 23 (0.34%) Master's Degree
16 20 (0.29%) CCNA
17 19 (0.28%) BC Cleared
18 18 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 305 (4.44%) QA
2 55 (0.80%) GDPR
3 44 (0.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 41 (0.60%) SLA
5 29 (0.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 28 (0.41%) NCSC
7 22 (0.32%) NIST
7 22 (0.32%) PCI DSS
8 21 (0.31%) Data Quality
9 20 (0.29%) PMO
10 15 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
11 12 (0.17%) GxP
11 12 (0.17%) WCAG
12 9 (0.13%) COBIT
13 7 (0.10%) MiFID
14 6 (0.087%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 5 (0.073%) HL7
15 5 (0.073%) SSAE 16
16 4 (0.058%) HIPAA
17 3 (0.044%) Government Security Classifications
System Software
1 1,916 (27.91%) Docker
2 266 (3.87%) Active Directory
3 142 (2.07%) VMware Infrastructure
4 118 (1.72%) Virtual Machines
5 50 (0.73%) vSphere
6 38 (0.55%) Hyper-V
7 33 (0.48%) HDFS
8 26 (0.38%) VMware NSX
9 22 (0.32%) Xen
10 21 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
11 13 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 12 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
13 11 (0.16%) LXC
14 8 (0.12%) XenApp
15 6 (0.087%) EMC RecoverPoint
15 6 (0.087%) Microsoft App-V
15 6 (0.087%) Microsoft Virtual Server
16 5 (0.073%) GlusterFS
16 5 (0.073%) vCloud
16 5 (0.073%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 1,816 (26.45%) Kubernetes
2 1,679 (24.46%) Terraform
3 1,475 (21.49%) Ansible
4 742 (10.81%) Puppet
5 498 (7.25%) Opscode Chef
6 147 (2.14%) Packer
7 113 (1.65%) Prometheus
8 111 (1.62%) Grafana
9 90 (1.31%) Consul
10 83 (1.21%) Docker Swarm
11 78 (1.14%) Kibana
12 54 (0.79%) Salt
13 52 (0.76%) Single Sign-On
14 49 (0.71%) logstash
15 47 (0.68%) Rancher
16 44 (0.64%) Nagios
17 30 (0.44%) Istio
18 28 (0.41%) SCCM
19 25 (0.36%) HAProxy
20 24 (0.35%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 962 (14.01%) Microsoft
2 402 (5.86%) Google
3 363 (5.29%) Oracle
4 248 (3.61%) Red Hat
5 232 (3.38%) VMware
6 171 (2.49%) SAP
7 130 (1.89%) Splunk
8 114 (1.66%) Atlassian
9 104 (1.51%) Cisco
10 84 (1.22%) IBM
11 82 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
12 75 (1.09%) Tableau
13 73 (1.06%) ServiceNow
14 72 (1.05%) Cloudera
15 69 (1.01%) Databricks
16 59 (0.86%) Hortonworks
17 53 (0.77%) MuleSoft
18 50 (0.73%) webMethods
19 46 (0.67%) BEA
20 44 (0.64%) Informatica