Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for GitHub skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GitHub over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

GitHub
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 121 139 180
Rank change year-on-year +18 +41 +33
Contract jobs citing GitHub 1,831 765 1,132
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.11% 1.83% 1.56%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.90% 5.44% 5.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,176 475 705
10th Percentile £413 £368 £351
25th Percentile £475 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £485 £500
Median % change year-on-year +13.40% -3.00% -
75th Percentile £634 £538 £625
90th Percentile £704 £600 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +16.67% -5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 9 7
10th Percentile £20.54 £21.74 £40.15
25th Percentile £36.31 £27.50 £43.75
Median hourly rate £55.00 £51.50 £47.00
Median % change year-on-year +6.80% +9.57% -18.26%
75th Percentile £62.90 £55.00 £48.75
90th Percentile £79.60 £68.00 £50.45
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £27.50 £47.00
% change year-on-year +100.00% -41.49% +10.59%

GitHub is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 31,009 14,067 21,779
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.74% 33.71% 29.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,427 10,069 15,165
10th Percentile £336 £301 £275
25th Percentile £431 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £530 £495 £488
Median % change year-on-year +7.07% +1.54% -1.52%
75th Percentile £638 £575 £575
90th Percentile £713 £650 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £445 £450
% change year-on-year +6.74% -1.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 423 280 334
10th Percentile £12.55 £12.50 £13.18
25th Percentile £15.04 £15.79 £16.01
Median hourly rate £21.00 £22.57 £19.50
Median % change year-on-year -6.94% +15.72% +11.43%
75th Percentile £40.00 £45.00 £33.75
90th Percentile £63.20 £60.00 £67.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £20.00 £18.50
% change year-on-year -10.00% +8.11% +6.14%

GitHub
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GitHub as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GitHub.

Daily rate trend for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GitHub over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GitHub.

Hourly rate trend for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GitHub over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GitHub within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +15 1,396 £550 +15.79% 404
London +38 979 £560 +16.36% 238
Work from Home +9 594 £550 +10.00% 92
UK excluding London -30 386 £525 +16.67% 185
North of England -57 116 £525 +16.67% 48
South East -49 70 £500 +8.11% 30
South West -4 66 £496 +7.32% 21
Yorkshire -60 56 £525 +16.67% 18
Scotland -4 55 £550 +7.32% 13
North West -21 50 £525 +31.25% 25
Midlands -38 42 £525 +13.51% 37
West Midlands -34 36 £475 +2.70% 27
East of England -45 20 £500 - 25
Wales -27 15 £550 +12.82% 7
North East +5 12 £525 -4.55% 5
East Midlands - 2 £550 - 10
Northern Ireland - 2 - - 5

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing GitHub also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for GitHub.

1 990 (54.07%) DevOps
2 863 (47.13%) Agile Software Development
3 798 (43.58%) CI/CD
4 723 (39.49%) Jenkins
5 713 (38.94%) Azure
6 628 (34.30%) AWS
7 616 (33.64%) Terraform
8 563 (30.75%) Docker
9 555 (30.31%) Kubernetes
10 540 (29.49%) Git (software)
11 535 (29.22%) Python
12 497 (27.14%) Java
13 437 (23.87%) JavaScript
14 412 (22.50%) Social Skills
15 403 (22.01%) JIRA
16 350 (19.12%) Infrastructure as Code
17 330 (18.02%) Linux
18 322 (17.59%) Finance
19 319 (17.42%) Ansible
20 309 (16.88%) Test Automation
21 302 (16.49%) SQL
22 298 (16.28%) Scrum
23 261 (14.25%) Microservices
24 249 (13.60%) React
24 249 (13.60%) Node.js
25 246 (13.44%) REST
26 242 (13.22%) Microsoft
27 234 (12.78%) GCP
28 233 (12.73%) Continuous Integration
29 223 (12.18%) Maven

GitHub
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 179 (9.78%) Confluence
2 82 (4.48%) Apache Spark
3 58 (3.17%) Apache
4 57 (3.11%) Apache Airflow
5 54 (2.95%) Elasticsearch
6 41 (2.24%) SharePoint
7 38 (2.08%) CMS
8 20 (1.09%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 20 (1.09%) nginx
9 16 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
10 15 (0.82%) Tomcat
11 13 (0.71%) Appian
12 12 (0.66%) Headless CMS
13 11 (0.60%) WebSphere
14 10 (0.55%) OnBase
14 10 (0.55%) WordPress
15 9 (0.49%) BizTalk Server
15 9 (0.49%) JBoss
16 8 (0.44%) Red Hat Fuse
17 7 (0.38%) OpenStack
Applications
1 28 (1.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.93%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 9 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
4 7 (0.38%) Adobe XD
4 7 (0.38%) InVision
5 6 (0.33%) Sketch
5 6 (0.33%) Zeplin
6 5 (0.27%) OmniGraffle
7 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.11%) Notepad++
9 1 (0.055%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.055%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.055%) InDesign
9 1 (0.055%) MS Visio
9 1 (0.055%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 16 (0.87%) SAP S/4HANA
2 9 (0.49%) Shopify
3 4 (0.22%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.11%) Infor M3
4 2 (0.11%) Magento
4 2 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.055%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.055%) Oracle 11i
5 1 (0.055%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.055%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.055%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.055%) Sentinel
5 1 (0.055%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 713 (38.94%) Azure
2 628 (34.30%) AWS
3 234 (12.78%) GCP
4 218 (11.91%) GitHub Actions
5 205 (11.20%) Serverless
6 173 (9.45%) PaaS
7 135 (7.37%) AWS CloudFormation
8 117 (6.39%) AWS Lambda
9 109 (5.95%) Amazon S3
10 91 (4.97%) IaaS
11 85 (4.64%) SaaS
12 74 (4.04%) OpenShift
13 72 (3.93%) Slack
14 66 (3.60%) Power Platform
15 64 (3.50%) Azure Functions
16 49 (2.68%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 48 (2.62%) Amazon EKS
18 46 (2.51%) Amazon EC2
19 43 (2.35%) Azure Monitor
20 41 (2.24%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 36 (1.97%) DNS
2 35 (1.91%) Internet
3 28 (1.53%) HTTP
4 27 (1.47%) Firewall
5 25 (1.37%) Kerberos
6 23 (1.26%) VPN
7 20 (1.09%) TCP/IP
8 17 (0.93%) SSL
9 16 (0.87%) Network Security
10 9 (0.49%) DHCP
11 7 (0.38%) SD-WAN
12 4 (0.22%) Broadband
12 4 (0.22%) HTTPS
12 4 (0.22%) SAN
12 4 (0.22%) Software-Defined Networking
12 4 (0.22%) WAN
12 4 (0.22%) Wireshark
13 3 (0.16%) Cisco IPT
13 3 (0.16%) LAN
13 3 (0.16%) OpenVPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 113 (6.17%) SQL Server
2 107 (5.84%) NoSQL
3 105 (5.73%) MongoDB
4 91 (4.97%) Big Data
5 66 (3.60%) PostgreSQL
6 62 (3.39%) Power BI
7 59 (3.22%) MySQL
7 59 (3.22%) Relational Database
8 47 (2.57%) Hadoop
9 46 (2.51%) Oracle Database
10 44 (2.40%) Tableau
11 40 (2.18%) BigQuery
12 39 (2.13%) Azure SQL Database
13 37 (2.02%) Amazon RDS
14 36 (1.97%) Data Lake
15 32 (1.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 32 (1.75%) Data Warehouse
15 32 (1.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 26 (1.42%) Apache Hive
17 24 (1.31%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 723 (39.49%) Jenkins
2 540 (29.49%) Git (software)
3 403 (22.01%) JIRA
4 223 (12.18%) Maven
5 221 (12.07%) GitLab
6 144 (7.86%) Gradle
6 144 (7.86%) TeamCity
7 142 (7.76%) Bitbucket
8 119 (6.50%) Sonatype Nexus
9 107 (5.84%) Selenium
10 106 (5.79%) CircleCI
11 74 (4.04%) SonarQube
12 72 (3.93%) Postman
13 69 (3.77%) JUnit
14 68 (3.71%) Cucumber
15 63 (3.44%) Visual Studio
16 62 (3.39%) Subversion
17 50 (2.73%) Cypress.io
18 39 (2.13%) WebDriver
19 37 (2.02%) Artifactory
General
1 412 (22.50%) Social Skills
2 322 (17.59%) Finance
3 150 (8.19%) Public Sector
4 144 (7.86%) Banking
5 143 (7.81%) Analytical Skills
6 68 (3.71%) Presentation Skills
7 64 (3.50%) Marketing
8 59 (3.22%) Retail
9 37 (2.02%) Investment Banking
10 36 (1.97%) Legal
11 35 (1.91%) Publishing
12 32 (1.75%) Financial Institution
13 29 (1.58%) Influencing Skills
14 27 (1.47%) Manufacturing
14 27 (1.47%) Telecoms
15 17 (0.93%) Electronics
16 12 (0.66%) Front Office
16 12 (0.66%) Games
17 10 (0.55%) Military
17 10 (0.55%) Police
Job Titles
1 549 (29.98%) Developer
2 313 (17.09%) DevOps Engineer
3 174 (9.50%) Architect
4 132 (7.21%) Azure Engineer
5 113 (6.17%) AWS Engineer
6 101 (5.52%) Data Engineer
7 99 (5.41%) Cloud Engineer
8 79 (4.31%) AWS DevOps
9 75 (4.10%) Java Developer
10 73 (3.99%) Senior Developer
11 72 (3.93%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 69 (3.77%) React Developer
13 63 (3.44%) Azure Architect
14 62 (3.39%) Full Stack Developer
15 60 (3.28%) Software Engineer
16 59 (3.22%) Analyst
17 57 (3.11%) Solutions Architect
18 50 (2.73%) Cloud Architect
19 48 (2.62%) Azure DevOps Engineer
20 46 (2.51%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 249 (13.60%) Node.js
1 249 (13.60%) React
2 246 (13.44%) REST
3 210 (11.47%) HTML
4 202 (11.03%) CSS
5 201 (10.98%) Kafka
6 154 (8.41%) JSON
7 131 (7.15%) .NET
8 108 (5.90%) Web Services
9 94 (5.13%) XML
10 89 (4.86%) Spring
11 77 (4.21%) RESTful
12 74 (4.04%) Spring Boot
13 73 (3.99%) SOAP
14 68 (3.71%) GraphQL
15 67 (3.66%) AngularJS
16 66 (3.60%) CSS3
17 61 (3.33%) HTML5
17 61 (3.33%) YAML
18 47 (2.57%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 144 (7.86%) Public Cloud
2 98 (5.35%) User Experience
3 87 (4.75%) Cloud Native
4 72 (3.93%) Mobile App
5 64 (3.50%) Data Protection Act
6 40 (2.18%) Social Media
7 37 (2.02%) Greenfield Project
8 32 (1.75%) Algorithms
9 28 (1.53%) Virtual Team
10 27 (1.47%) Self-Motivation
11 26 (1.42%) Clustering
12 25 (1.37%) Private Cloud
13 24 (1.31%) Hybrid Cloud
14 23 (1.26%) Data Centre
14 23 (1.26%) Linux Command Line
14 23 (1.26%) Replication
15 20 (1.09%) Hedge funds
16 19 (1.04%) Analytical Mindset
16 19 (1.04%) Legacy Systems
17 17 (0.93%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 330 (18.02%) Linux
2 179 (9.78%) Windows
3 98 (5.35%) Unix
4 51 (2.79%) Apple iOS
5 41 (2.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 40 (2.18%) Android
7 35 (1.91%) Windows Server
8 16 (0.87%) CentOS
8 16 (0.87%) Windows Server 2008
9 15 (0.82%) Solaris
10 13 (0.71%) Windows Server 2012
11 9 (0.49%) Windows Server 2016
11 9 (0.49%) Windows Server 2019
12 8 (0.44%) Amazon Linux
12 8 (0.44%) Ubuntu
13 7 (0.38%) VMS
14 6 (0.33%) Mac OS X
14 6 (0.33%) VxWorks
15 3 (0.16%) CoreOS
15 3 (0.16%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 990 (54.07%) DevOps
2 863 (47.13%) Agile Software Development
3 798 (43.58%) CI/CD
4 350 (19.12%) Infrastructure as Code
5 309 (16.88%) Test Automation
6 298 (16.28%) Scrum
7 261 (14.25%) Microservices
8 233 (12.73%) Continuous Integration
9 189 (10.32%) Problem-Solving
10 185 (10.10%) Analytics
11 180 (9.83%) TDD
12 169 (9.23%) Software Engineering
13 161 (8.79%) Kanban
14 157 (8.57%) Open Source
15 155 (8.47%) SDLC
16 140 (7.65%) Full Stack Development
17 135 (7.37%) Migration
18 104 (5.68%) Data Protection
19 97 (5.30%) BDD
20 91 (4.97%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 535 (29.22%) Python
2 497 (27.14%) Java
3 437 (23.87%) JavaScript
4 302 (16.49%) SQL
5 213 (11.63%) Bash
6 201 (10.98%) PowerShell
7 185 (10.10%) C#
8 174 (9.50%) TypeScript
9 108 (5.90%) Go
10 96 (5.24%) Groovy
11 81 (4.42%) Ruby
12 76 (4.15%) Scala
13 69 (3.77%) Shell Script
14 65 (3.55%) Java 8
15 63 (3.44%) R
16 55 (3.00%) PHP
17 41 (2.24%) C
18 36 (1.97%) T-SQL
19 32 (1.75%) Apple Swift
20 31 (1.69%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 169 (9.23%) Security Cleared
2 134 (7.32%) SC Cleared
3 58 (3.17%) Degree
4 37 (2.02%) BPSS Clearance
5 30 (1.64%) AWS Certification
6 23 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
7 15 (0.82%) ISTQB
8 12 (0.66%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 9 (0.49%) ISEB
10 7 (0.38%) CISSP
11 6 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
11 6 (0.33%) DV Cleared
12 5 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
13 4 (0.22%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 4 (0.22%) CRISC
13 4 (0.22%) MCSE
14 3 (0.16%) CEH
14 3 (0.16%) CISA
14 3 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
15 2 (0.11%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 113 (6.17%) QA
2 101 (5.52%) Accessibility
3 40 (2.18%) GDPR
4 20 (1.09%) WCAG
5 16 (0.87%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 15 (0.82%) SLA
7 8 (0.44%) GRC
8 4 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.22%) HL7
9 3 (0.16%) Data Quality
9 3 (0.16%) DICOM
9 3 (0.16%) ISO 13485
10 2 (0.11%) NIST
10 2 (0.11%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.055%) COBIT
11 1 (0.055%) ISO 9000
11 1 (0.055%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 1 (0.055%) NCSC
System Software
1 563 (30.75%) Docker
2 71 (3.88%) Active Directory
3 27 (1.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (1.15%) Virtual Machines
5 20 (1.09%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 13 (0.71%) VMware ESXi
7 8 (0.44%) Oracle RAC
8 7 (0.38%) KVM
8 7 (0.38%) vSphere
9 5 (0.27%) HDFS
9 5 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
10 4 (0.22%) Hyper-V
10 4 (0.22%) vCloud
11 3 (0.16%) NFS
12 2 (0.11%) RHEV
12 2 (0.11%) Veritas File System
12 2 (0.11%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 2 (0.11%) VirtualBox
13 1 (0.055%) Apache Flume
13 1 (0.055%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 616 (33.64%) Terraform
2 555 (30.31%) Kubernetes
3 319 (17.42%) Ansible
4 92 (5.02%) Grafana
5 82 (4.48%) Opscode Chef
6 78 (4.26%) Puppet
7 62 (3.39%) Prometheus
8 46 (2.51%) Rancher
9 40 (2.18%) Kibana
10 35 (1.91%) Bosun
11 27 (1.47%) logstash
12 26 (1.42%) Istio
13 24 (1.31%) VictorOps
14 23 (1.26%) Single Sign-On
15 17 (0.93%) Nagios
15 17 (0.93%) Packer
16 15 (0.82%) Argo
17 12 (0.66%) Control-M
17 12 (0.66%) QRadar
18 11 (0.60%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 242 (13.22%) Microsoft
2 144 (7.86%) Google
3 112 (6.12%) Oracle
4 71 (3.88%) Databricks
5 69 (3.77%) Splunk
6 57 (3.11%) Red Hat
7 55 (3.00%) Atlassian
8 54 (2.95%) SAP
9 42 (2.29%) IBM
10 35 (1.91%) VMware
11 31 (1.69%) MuleSoft
12 30 (1.64%) Adobe
13 20 (1.09%) Alteryx
14 17 (0.93%) AppDynamics
14 17 (0.93%) Informatica
15 16 (0.87%) Dynatrace
15 16 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
16 15 (0.82%) New Relic
16 15 (0.82%) ServiceNow
17 14 (0.76%) SaltStack