Period
to 27 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for GitHub skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GitHub over the 6 months to 27 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

GitHub
UK
6 months to
27 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 122 183 190
Rank change year-on-year +61 +7 +44
Contract jobs citing GitHub 1,717 439 1,317
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.14% 1.50% 1.50%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.01% 4.75% 5.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,124 281 792
10th Percentile £400 £363 £350
25th Percentile £456 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £498 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.53% -0.50% -
75th Percentile £600 £538 £600
90th Percentile £675 £600 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £468
% change year-on-year +5.26% +1.50% +8.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 6 6
10th Percentile £20.88 £21.56 £44.13
25th Percentile £24.13 £22.02 £47.00
Median hourly rate £56.50 £32.50 £49.50
Median % change year-on-year +73.85% -34.34% +54.69%
75th Percentile £68.56 £47.50 £53.56
90th Percentile £78.15 £52.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £36.25 £49.50
% change year-on-year +51.72% -26.77% -29.29%

GitHub is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 28,583 9,243 25,388
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.61% 31.64% 28.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,555 6,478 17,606
10th Percentile £330 £313 £298
25th Percentile £425 £405 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £615 £600 £580
90th Percentile £700 £680 £660
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 444 131 370
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.82 £13.00
25th Percentile £14.25 £16.25 £15.91
Median hourly rate £21.09 £21.50 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -1.91% +4.88% +17.14%
75th Percentile £49.88 £38.75 £36.70
90th Percentile £65.54 £53.75 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £20.00 £19.73
% change year-on-year -5.00% +1.37% +12.74%

GitHub
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GitHub as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GitHub.

Daily rate trend for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GitHub over the 6 months to 27 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GitHub.

Hourly rate trend for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GitHub over the 6 months to 27 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GitHub within the UK over the 6 months to 27 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +54 1,313 £525 +5.53% 472
London +56 855 £540 +8.00% 234
Work from Home -3 547 £525 +10.53% 91
UK excluding London -8 443 £500 +5.26% 252
North of England -43 122 £517 +14.89% 77
South West +16 76 £475 -5.00% 42
South East -58 76 £493 -2.86% 51
Scotland -13 74 £550 +22.22% 11
Midlands -32 59 £525 +27.27% 50
North West -17 58 £503 +24.84% 41
Yorkshire -43 54 £544 +14.53% 22
West Midlands -34 49 £513 +24.24% 42
Wales -9 22 £575 +59.72% 3
North East -17 13 £525 +6.06% 14
East of England -50 10 £475 +2.70% 15
East Midlands - 6 £465 - 7
Northern Ireland - 4 £472 - 3

For the 6 months to 27 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GitHub also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for GitHub.

1 972 (56.61%) DevOps
2 793 (46.19%) Agile Software Development
3 692 (40.30%) Jenkins
4 583 (33.95%) AWS
5 554 (32.27%) Python
6 542 (31.57%) Java
7 536 (31.22%) Azure
8 524 (30.52%) Terraform
9 491 (28.60%) Git (software)
10 484 (28.19%) Docker
11 463 (26.97%) JIRA
12 440 (25.63%) Kubernetes
13 405 (23.59%) JavaScript
14 362 (21.08%) Linux
15 345 (20.09%) Test Automation
16 339 (19.74%) Ansible
17 333 (19.39%) Finance
18 329 (19.16%) Infrastructure as Code
19 319 (18.58%) Scrum
20 314 (18.29%) Social Skills
21 299 (17.41%) Microservices
22 292 (17.01%) SQL
23 260 (15.14%) Continuous Integration
24 257 (14.97%) Confluence
25 237 (13.80%) Maven
26 222 (12.93%) HTML
27 217 (12.64%) JSON
28 216 (12.58%) REST
29 210 (12.23%) Serverless
30 204 (11.88%) React

GitHub
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 257 (14.97%) Confluence
2 75 (4.37%) Apache Spark
3 64 (3.73%) Apache Airflow
4 46 (2.68%) Apache
5 40 (2.33%) Tomcat
6 38 (2.21%) SharePoint
7 29 (1.69%) Elasticsearch
8 25 (1.46%) CMS
8 25 (1.46%) WebLogic
8 25 (1.46%) WebSphere
9 23 (1.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 19 (1.11%) JBoss
11 18 (1.05%) Mule
12 16 (0.93%) nginx
13 15 (0.87%) WordPress
14 14 (0.82%) IIS
15 11 (0.64%) Cloud Foundry
15 11 (0.64%) Red Hat Fuse
16 10 (0.58%) Appian
16 10 (0.58%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 14 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.70%) InVision
2 12 (0.70%) Sketch
3 10 (0.58%) Figma
3 10 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.47%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 6 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.29%) Zeplin
7 4 (0.23%) Adobe XD
7 4 (0.23%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.058%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (0.52%) Magento
2 6 (0.35%) SAP S/4HANA
3 5 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
5 3 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 3 (0.17%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.12%) Sage CRM
6 2 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.058%) Front Arena
7 1 (0.058%) IBM Planning Analytics
7 1 (0.058%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.058%) Primavera
7 1 (0.058%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.058%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 583 (33.95%) AWS
2 536 (31.22%) Azure
3 210 (12.23%) Serverless
4 190 (11.07%) PaaS
5 184 (10.72%) GitHub Actions
6 172 (10.02%) GCP
7 149 (8.68%) AWS Lambda
8 139 (8.10%) IaaS
9 106 (6.17%) Amazon S3
10 96 (5.59%) AWS CloudFormation
11 91 (5.30%) SaaS
12 87 (5.07%) Slack
13 61 (3.55%) OpenShift
14 59 (3.44%) Amazon EKS
15 55 (3.20%) Azure Functions
16 51 (2.97%) Amazon EC2
17 50 (2.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 45 (2.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 44 (2.56%) Power Platform
20 31 (1.81%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 38 (2.21%) DNS
2 36 (2.10%) HTTP
3 33 (1.92%) TCP/IP
4 28 (1.63%) SSL
5 21 (1.22%) Firewall
6 20 (1.16%) VPN
7 19 (1.11%) Internet
8 18 (1.05%) Kerberos
9 17 (0.99%) HTTPS
10 15 (0.87%) LAN
10 15 (0.87%) WAN
11 12 (0.70%) 2G
12 11 (0.64%) NAS
12 11 (0.64%) SAN
13 7 (0.41%) Cisco Nexus
13 7 (0.41%) FCoE
13 7 (0.41%) Fibre Channel
13 7 (0.41%) iSCSI
13 7 (0.41%) Multicast
14 6 (0.35%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 107 (6.23%) SQL Server
2 94 (5.47%) NoSQL
3 90 (5.24%) MongoDB
4 74 (4.31%) Big Data
5 70 (4.08%) PostgreSQL
6 59 (3.44%) MySQL
7 56 (3.26%) Hadoop
8 53 (3.09%) Relational Database
9 47 (2.74%) Oracle Database
10 45 (2.62%) Redis
11 39 (2.27%) Power BI
12 36 (2.10%) Amazon RDS
13 35 (2.04%) Data Lake
14 34 (1.98%) Tableau
15 32 (1.86%) Data Warehouse
16 30 (1.75%) Apache Cassandra
17 29 (1.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 23 (1.34%) Apache Hive
19 20 (1.16%) Azure SQL Database
20 19 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 692 (40.30%) Jenkins
2 491 (28.60%) Git (software)
3 463 (26.97%) JIRA
4 237 (13.80%) Maven
5 200 (11.65%) GitLab
6 168 (9.78%) Bitbucket
7 122 (7.11%) Sonatype Nexus
8 115 (6.70%) JUnit
9 105 (6.12%) Postman
10 99 (5.77%) Selenium
11 95 (5.53%) Gradle
11 95 (5.53%) TeamCity
12 87 (5.07%) Cucumber
13 73 (4.25%) Subversion
14 72 (4.19%) CircleCI
15 62 (3.61%) Mockito
16 52 (3.03%) Visual Studio
17 50 (2.91%) SonarQube
18 45 (2.62%) JMeter
19 41 (2.39%) Artifactory
General
1 333 (19.39%) Finance
2 314 (18.29%) Social Skills
3 150 (8.74%) Banking
4 121 (7.05%) Public Sector
5 116 (6.76%) Analytical Skills
6 58 (3.38%) Marketing
7 47 (2.74%) Presentation Skills
8 31 (1.81%) Publishing
8 31 (1.81%) Retail
9 30 (1.75%) Manufacturing
10 25 (1.46%) Legal
11 21 (1.22%) Telecoms
12 20 (1.16%) Investment Banking
13 19 (1.11%) Documentation Skills
14 15 (0.87%) Front Office
14 15 (0.87%) Games
15 12 (0.70%) Electronics
16 11 (0.64%) Financial Institution
17 9 (0.52%) Influencing Skills
18 7 (0.41%) Police
Job Titles
1 564 (32.85%) Developer
2 328 (19.10%) DevOps Engineer
3 174 (10.13%) Architect
4 158 (9.20%) AWS Engineer
5 110 (6.41%) Azure Engineer
6 96 (5.59%) Cloud Engineer
7 93 (5.42%) Data Engineer
8 84 (4.89%) Senior Developer
9 82 (4.78%) AWS DevOps
10 80 (4.66%) Java Developer
11 71 (4.14%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 64 (3.73%) Full Stack Developer
13 60 (3.49%) Software Engineer
14 59 (3.44%) Cloud Architect
15 55 (3.20%) Azure Architect
16 46 (2.68%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 41 (2.39%) AWS Architect
18 40 (2.33%) Software Developer
19 39 (2.27%) React Developer
20 38 (2.21%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 222 (12.93%) HTML
2 217 (12.64%) JSON
3 216 (12.58%) REST
4 204 (11.88%) React
5 197 (11.47%) CSS
6 189 (11.01%) Node.js
7 171 (9.96%) Kafka
8 158 (9.20%) Spring
9 147 (8.56%) Web Services
10 145 (8.44%) XML
11 117 (6.81%) Spring Boot
12 116 (6.76%) .NET
13 104 (6.06%) RESTful
14 93 (5.42%) AngularJS
15 73 (4.25%) CSS3
16 72 (4.19%) HTML5
16 72 (4.19%) YAML
17 66 (3.84%) SOAP
18 49 (2.85%) Play Framework
19 44 (2.56%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 102 (5.94%) Data Protection Act
2 88 (5.13%) Mobile App
3 86 (5.01%) User Experience
4 68 (3.96%) Public Cloud
5 67 (3.90%) Cloud Native
6 34 (1.98%) Data Centre
7 32 (1.86%) Algorithms
8 30 (1.75%) Legacy Systems
9 29 (1.69%) Enterprise Software
9 29 (1.69%) Virtual Team
10 24 (1.40%) Clustering
10 24 (1.40%) Social Media
11 20 (1.16%) Management Information System
11 20 (1.16%) Replication
12 19 (1.11%) Greenfield Project
13 18 (1.05%) Animation
14 16 (0.93%) Data Structures
14 16 (0.93%) Hybrid Cloud
14 16 (0.93%) iPhone
15 15 (0.87%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 362 (21.08%) Linux
2 163 (9.49%) Windows
3 100 (5.82%) Unix
4 55 (3.20%) Android
5 44 (2.56%) Apple iOS
6 40 (2.33%) CentOS
7 35 (2.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 27 (1.57%) Amazon Linux
9 25 (1.46%) Windows Server
10 16 (0.93%) Solaris
11 12 (0.70%) VMS
12 9 (0.52%) Ubuntu
13 7 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
14 6 (0.35%) Mac OS X
15 5 (0.29%) CoreOS
15 5 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
15 5 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
15 5 (0.29%) Windows Server 2019
16 2 (0.12%) Kali Linux
16 2 (0.12%) openSUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 972 (56.61%) DevOps
2 793 (46.19%) Agile Software Development
3 345 (20.09%) Test Automation
4 329 (19.16%) Infrastructure as Code
5 319 (18.58%) Scrum
6 299 (17.41%) Microservices
7 260 (15.14%) Continuous Integration
8 180 (10.48%) TDD
9 174 (10.13%) Problem-Solving
10 153 (8.91%) Software Engineering
11 133 (7.75%) Analytics
12 129 (7.51%) Continuous Delivery
12 129 (7.51%) Data Protection
13 119 (6.93%) SDLC
14 114 (6.64%) Mentoring
15 112 (6.52%) Configuration Management
16 105 (6.12%) Full Stack Development
17 101 (5.88%) Kanban
18 97 (5.65%) Open Source
19 79 (4.60%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 554 (32.27%) Python
2 542 (31.57%) Java
3 405 (23.59%) JavaScript
4 292 (17.01%) SQL
5 174 (10.13%) PowerShell
6 169 (9.84%) C#
7 160 (9.32%) Bash Shell
8 126 (7.34%) TypeScript
9 98 (5.71%) Scala
10 78 (4.54%) Go
10 78 (4.54%) Ruby
11 74 (4.31%) Groovy
12 65 (3.79%) Java 8
13 59 (3.44%) Shell Script
14 53 (3.09%) PHP
15 46 (2.68%) C++
16 43 (2.50%) T-SQL
17 42 (2.45%) Kotlin
17 42 (2.45%) R
18 38 (2.21%) C
Qualifications
1 179 (10.43%) Security Cleared
2 120 (6.99%) SC Cleared
3 48 (2.80%) Degree
4 39 (2.27%) AWS Certification
5 36 (2.10%) BPSS Clearance
6 23 (1.34%) ISTQB
7 18 (1.05%) ISEB
7 18 (1.05%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 17 (0.99%) Computer Science Degree
9 9 (0.52%) DV Cleared
10 5 (0.29%) SAFe Agilist
10 5 (0.29%) TOGAF Certification
11 4 (0.23%) DBS Check
11 4 (0.23%) Master's Degree
12 2 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
13 1 (0.058%) Cisco Certification
13 1 (0.058%) CISSP
13 1 (0.058%) CRISC
13 1 (0.058%) Microsoft Certification
13 1 (0.058%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 117 (6.81%) QA
2 101 (5.88%) Accessibility
3 25 (1.46%) WCAG
4 19 (1.11%) GDPR
5 10 (0.58%) Data Quality
5 10 (0.58%) SLA
6 9 (0.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 4 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
7 4 (0.23%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.12%) HL7
9 1 (0.058%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.058%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.058%) NIST
System Software
1 484 (28.19%) Docker
2 60 (3.49%) Active Directory
3 41 (2.39%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (0.93%) NFS
5 15 (0.87%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 13 (0.76%) VMware ESXi
7 11 (0.64%) Hyper-V
8 9 (0.52%) KVM
9 7 (0.41%) HDFS
9 7 (0.41%) SRDF
9 7 (0.41%) Xen
10 6 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
11 5 (0.29%) vCloud
12 4 (0.23%) Oracle RAC
12 4 (0.23%) Veritas File System
12 4 (0.23%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 4 (0.23%) vSphere
13 3 (0.17%) Ceph
13 3 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
14 2 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 524 (30.52%) Terraform
2 440 (25.63%) Kubernetes
3 339 (19.74%) Ansible
4 135 (7.86%) Puppet
5 98 (5.71%) Grafana
6 87 (5.07%) Opscode Chef
7 43 (2.50%) Rancher
8 40 (2.33%) Bosun
9 39 (2.27%) Kibana
10 35 (2.04%) Istio
11 34 (1.98%) Prometheus
12 33 (1.92%) VictorOps
13 22 (1.28%) Packer
14 13 (0.76%) QRadar
15 12 (0.70%) Control-M
15 12 (0.70%) Nagios
15 12 (0.70%) Tivoli
16 11 (0.64%) Argo
17 10 (0.58%) EMC NetWorker
17 10 (0.58%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 184 (10.72%) Microsoft
2 163 (9.49%) Oracle
3 120 (6.99%) Splunk
4 94 (5.47%) Google
5 85 (4.95%) Atlassian
6 62 (3.61%) VMware
7 58 (3.38%) Databricks
8 53 (3.09%) Red Hat
9 49 (2.85%) MuleSoft
10 48 (2.80%) SAP
11 37 (2.15%) Adobe
12 36 (2.10%) IBM
13 29 (1.69%) AppDynamics
13 29 (1.69%) New Relic
14 28 (1.63%) Dynatrace
15 27 (1.57%) Salesforce.com
16 19 (1.11%) SaltStack
17 17 (0.99%) EMC
18 15 (0.87%) ServiceNow
19 12 (0.70%) CyberArk