Period
to 14 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for GitHub skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GitHub over the 6 months to 14 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

GitHub
UK
6 months to
14 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 141 178 205
Rank change year-on-year +37 +27 +54
Contract jobs citing GitHub 948 882 1,341
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.80% 1.48% 1.39%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.17% 4.90% 5.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 599 592 876
10th Percentile £365 £363 £363
25th Percentile £413 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £515 £510
Median % change year-on-year -2.91% +0.98% +2.00%
75th Percentile £561 £625 £588
90th Percentile £638 £675 £664
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £475
% change year-on-year -5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 5 4
10th Percentile £21.84 £23.80 £37.39
25th Percentile £27.50 £25.75 £39.11
Median hourly rate £54.00 £41.00 £46.25
Median % change year-on-year +31.71% -11.35% +37.42%
75th Percentile £68.00 £48.75 £55.94
90th Percentile " " £66.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.86 £47.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -53.98% +18.75% -15.79%

GitHub is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 18,330 18,011 26,356
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.76% 30.27% 27.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,231 12,627 18,469
10th Percentile £313 £285 £313
25th Percentile £406 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £663 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £455
% change year-on-year - -1.00% +3.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 328 283 258
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.75 £11.00
25th Percentile £15.19 £16.25 £13.20
Median hourly rate £22.00 £20.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +14.29% -0.17%
75th Percentile £45.00 £37.90 £25.75
90th Percentile £60.48 £57.50 £48.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.50 £19.08 £17.00
% change year-on-year +2.19% +12.25% +6.25%

GitHub
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GitHub as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GitHub.

Daily rate trend for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GitHub over the 6 months to 14 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GitHub.

Hourly rate trend for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GitHub over the 6 months to 14 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GitHub within the UK over the 6 months to 14 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +26 722 £500 -2.91% 343
London +11 446 £505 -6.05% 168
Work from Home -37 325 £500 - 67
UK excluding London +42 269 £450 -5.26% 191
North of England +22 80 £450 -10.00% 38
South East +55 59 £450 -8.16% 57
Yorkshire +17 47 £463 -11.90% 9
Scotland -18 41 £425 -22.73% 7
South West +56 31 £450 - 18
North West +36 29 £400 - 20
Midlands +23 25 £475 +3.26% 43
West Midlands +25 22 £517 +12.39% 34
East of England +33 18 £500 +5.26% 16
Wales +18 16 £525 +11.70% 12
North East +21 4 £550 -45.00% 9
East Midlands +20 2 £345 -27.37% 9

For the 6 months to 14 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GitHub also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for GitHub.

1 516 (54.43%) Agile Software Development
2 442 (46.62%) DevOps
3 374 (39.45%) Jenkins
4 352 (37.13%) Git (software)
5 308 (32.49%) Python
6 290 (30.59%) Docker
7 284 (29.96%) Java
8 278 (29.32%) Terraform
9 267 (28.16%) AWS
10 264 (27.85%) Test Automation
11 256 (27.00%) Azure
12 249 (26.27%) JIRA
13 229 (24.16%) JavaScript
14 225 (23.73%) Kubernetes
15 201 (21.20%) Linux
16 189 (19.94%) Ansible
17 171 (18.04%) Continuous Integration
18 168 (17.72%) Scrum
19 166 (17.51%) Confluence
20 158 (16.67%) Infrastructure as Code
21 150 (15.82%) Finance
22 146 (15.40%) REST
23 144 (15.19%) SQL
24 141 (14.87%) TDD
24 141 (14.87%) GitLab
25 138 (14.56%) Microservices
26 134 (14.14%) Software Engineering
27 131 (13.82%) Node.js
28 128 (13.50%) Maven
29 122 (12.87%) React

GitHub
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 166 (17.51%) Confluence
2 48 (5.06%) Apache
3 42 (4.43%) Apache Spark
4 20 (2.11%) WebLogic
5 17 (1.79%) Elasticsearch
6 16 (1.69%) SharePoint
7 15 (1.58%) Mule
8 14 (1.48%) nginx
8 14 (1.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 14 (1.48%) Tomcat
9 13 (1.37%) Apache Airflow
10 12 (1.27%) Cloud Foundry
10 12 (1.27%) IIS
11 11 (1.16%) Anypoint
11 11 (1.16%) WebSphere
12 10 (1.05%) WebLogic Portal
13 9 (0.95%) Mule ESB
14 8 (0.84%) DNN
15 7 (0.74%) Apache Synapse
16 5 (0.53%) WordPress
Applications
1 5 (0.53%) Figma
2 4 (0.42%) Chatbot
2 4 (0.42%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.21%) Adobe XD
4 2 (0.21%) InVision
4 2 (0.21%) OmniGraffle
4 2 (0.21%) Sketch
4 2 (0.21%) Zeplin
5 1 (0.11%) InfoPath
5 1 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 18 (1.90%) SAP S/4HANA
2 10 (1.05%) Oracle Applications
2 10 (1.05%) Oracle EBS
3 5 (0.53%) Sentinel
4 3 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.21%) Magento
5 2 (0.21%) Sage CRM
5 2 (0.21%) Shopify
6 1 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.11%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 267 (28.16%) AWS
2 256 (27.00%) Azure
3 114 (12.03%) GCP
4 101 (10.65%) Serverless
5 68 (7.17%) AWS Lambda
6 66 (6.96%) Slack
7 60 (6.33%) PaaS
8 39 (4.11%) IaaS
9 34 (3.59%) SaaS
10 33 (3.48%) Amazon S3
11 24 (2.53%) Amazon EC2
12 23 (2.43%) Amazon ECS
13 22 (2.32%) Datadog
14 21 (2.22%) AWS CloudFormation
15 20 (2.11%) OpenShift
16 19 (2.00%) Amazon EKS
17 18 (1.90%) Azure Functions
18 17 (1.79%) AWS CodeBuild
18 17 (1.79%) CloudFront
19 15 (1.58%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 26 (2.74%) DNS
2 23 (2.43%) HTTP
3 19 (2.00%) HTTPS
4 15 (1.58%) TCP/IP
5 14 (1.48%) Firewall
6 13 (1.37%) SSL
7 12 (1.27%) NAS
8 11 (1.16%) VPN
9 9 (0.95%) Kerberos
10 8 (0.84%) LAN
10 8 (0.84%) WAN
11 7 (0.74%) iSCSI
12 5 (0.53%) Cisco Nexus
12 5 (0.53%) IPv6
12 5 (0.53%) SAN
12 5 (0.53%) SNMP
13 4 (0.42%) Broadband
13 4 (0.42%) FCoE
13 4 (0.42%) Fibre Channel
13 4 (0.42%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (7.38%) Big Data
2 64 (6.75%) SQL Server
3 54 (5.70%) PostgreSQL
4 42 (4.43%) MongoDB
5 40 (4.22%) NoSQL
6 37 (3.90%) MySQL
7 34 (3.59%) Hadoop
8 26 (2.74%) Data Warehouse
9 23 (2.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 22 (2.32%) Redis
11 21 (2.22%) Apache Hive
11 21 (2.22%) BigQuery
12 20 (2.11%) HBase
13 18 (1.90%) Blockchain
13 18 (1.90%) Oracle Database
13 18 (1.90%) Relational Database
14 15 (1.58%) Amazon RDS
15 12 (1.27%) Oracle Database 11g
15 12 (1.27%) Oracle Database 12c
15 12 (1.27%) Spark SQL
Development Applications
1 374 (39.45%) Jenkins
2 352 (37.13%) Git (software)
3 249 (26.27%) JIRA
4 141 (14.87%) GitLab
5 128 (13.50%) Maven
6 98 (10.34%) Bitbucket
7 90 (9.49%) Sonatype Nexus
8 83 (8.76%) JUnit
9 62 (6.54%) Selenium
10 53 (5.59%) Gradle
10 53 (5.59%) Visual Studio
11 47 (4.96%) Cucumber
12 40 (4.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 37 (3.90%) Mockito
13 37 (3.90%) TeamCity
14 36 (3.80%) CircleCI
15 30 (3.16%) JMeter
15 30 (3.16%) Subversion
16 29 (3.06%) git-flow
17 26 (2.74%) Xcode
General
1 150 (15.82%) Finance
2 76 (8.02%) Banking
3 59 (6.22%) Public Sector
4 26 (2.74%) Retail
5 22 (2.32%) Marketing
6 17 (1.79%) Legal
7 14 (1.48%) Telecoms
8 12 (1.27%) Investment Banking
9 11 (1.16%) Front Office
10 9 (0.95%) Games
10 9 (0.95%) Pharmaceutical
11 7 (0.74%) Law
12 6 (0.63%) Manufacturing
12 6 (0.63%) Publishing
13 4 (0.42%) Electronics
13 4 (0.42%) German Language
14 3 (0.32%) International Banking
14 3 (0.32%) Retail Banking
15 2 (0.21%) Automotive
15 2 (0.21%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 348 (36.71%) Developer
2 164 (17.30%) DevOps Engineer
3 71 (7.49%) AWS Engineer
4 55 (5.80%) Architect
5 54 (5.70%) AWS DevOps
5 54 (5.70%) Azure Engineer
6 49 (5.17%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 44 (4.64%) Java Developer
8 39 (4.11%) Full Stack Developer
9 38 (4.01%) Cloud Engineer
9 38 (4.01%) Senior Developer
10 37 (3.90%) Android Developer
11 33 (3.48%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 33 (3.48%) Security Engineer
12 28 (2.95%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 25 (2.64%) Software Engineer
14 23 (2.43%) Azure DevOps
14 23 (2.43%) iOS Developer
14 23 (2.43%) React Developer
15 22 (2.32%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 146 (15.40%) REST
2 131 (13.82%) Node.js
3 122 (12.87%) React
4 109 (11.50%) JSON
5 106 (11.18%) HTML
6 100 (10.55%) CSS
7 98 (10.34%) RESTful
8 83 (8.76%) Spring
9 78 (8.23%) Kafka
10 75 (7.91%) Spring Boot
11 71 (7.49%) Web Services
12 66 (6.96%) .NET
13 59 (6.22%) XML
14 46 (4.85%) Redux
15 42 (4.43%) GraphQL
16 37 (3.90%) Ruby on Rails
17 36 (3.80%) AngularJS
18 35 (3.69%) YAML
19 33 (3.48%) HTML5
19 33 (3.48%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 103 (10.86%) User Experience
2 83 (8.76%) Mobile App
3 65 (6.86%) Cloud Native
4 48 (5.06%) Analytical Skills
5 35 (3.69%) Public Cloud
6 31 (3.27%) Algorithms
7 27 (2.85%) Clustering
8 24 (2.53%) Greenfield Project
9 22 (2.32%) Linux Command Line
10 19 (2.00%) Data Structures
10 19 (2.00%) Enterprise Software
11 17 (1.79%) Virtual Team
12 14 (1.48%) Animation
13 13 (1.37%) iPad
13 13 (1.37%) iPhone
14 12 (1.27%) Bitcoin
14 12 (1.27%) Mobile Payment
15 11 (1.16%) Hedge funds
15 11 (1.16%) Hybrid Cloud
16 10 (1.05%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 201 (21.20%) Linux
2 100 (10.55%) Windows
3 78 (8.23%) Android
4 41 (4.32%) Apple iOS
5 38 (4.01%) Unix
6 30 (3.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 18 (1.90%) Windows Server
8 9 (0.95%) CentOS
8 9 (0.95%) Solaris
9 8 (0.84%) Ubuntu
10 6 (0.63%) Mac OS
10 6 (0.63%) Mac OS X
11 4 (0.42%) VMS
11 4 (0.42%) Windows 10
11 4 (0.42%) Windows Server 2016
12 3 (0.32%) AIX
12 3 (0.32%) Amazon Linux
12 3 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.21%) SUSE
13 2 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 516 (54.43%) Agile Software Development
2 442 (46.62%) DevOps
3 264 (27.85%) Test Automation
4 171 (18.04%) Continuous Integration
5 168 (17.72%) Scrum
6 158 (16.67%) Infrastructure as Code
7 141 (14.87%) TDD
8 138 (14.56%) Microservices
9 134 (14.14%) Software Engineering
10 94 (9.92%) Kanban
11 93 (9.81%) Open Source
12 82 (8.65%) Configuration Management
13 81 (8.54%) SDLC
14 75 (7.91%) Analytics
15 66 (6.96%) Problem-Solving
16 61 (6.43%) BDD
16 61 (6.43%) Deployment Automation
17 59 (6.22%) Android Development
18 55 (5.80%) Continuous Delivery
18 55 (5.80%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 308 (32.49%) Python
2 284 (29.96%) Java
3 229 (24.16%) JavaScript
4 144 (15.19%) SQL
5 97 (10.23%) PowerShell
6 86 (9.07%) C#
7 80 (8.44%) Bash Shell
8 66 (6.96%) Kotlin
9 63 (6.65%) Ruby
10 57 (6.01%) C++
11 53 (5.59%) Java 8
12 51 (5.38%) Shell Script
13 50 (5.27%) TypeScript
14 48 (5.06%) Scala
15 32 (3.38%) Apple Swift
15 32 (3.38%) C
15 32 (3.38%) Go
16 31 (3.27%) Perl
17 25 (2.64%) PHP
18 23 (2.43%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 94 (9.92%) Security Cleared
2 77 (8.12%) SC Cleared
3 43 (4.54%) Degree
4 19 (2.00%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (1.69%) ISTQB
6 15 (1.58%) ISEB
7 10 (1.05%) Master's Degree
8 9 (0.95%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 8 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
10 7 (0.74%) AWS Certification
11 5 (0.53%) DV Cleared
12 4 (0.42%) DBS Check
13 3 (0.32%) SAFe Agilist
13 3 (0.32%) TOGAF Certification
14 2 (0.21%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 2 (0.21%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 1 (0.11%) CCIE
15 1 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
15 1 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
15 1 (0.11%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 72 (7.59%) QA
2 11 (1.16%) GDPR
3 6 (0.63%) WCAG
4 4 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 3 (0.32%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.21%) SLA
7 1 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.11%) GxP
7 1 (0.11%) HL7
7 1 (0.11%) PMO
System Software
1 290 (30.59%) Docker
2 23 (2.43%) VMware Infrastructure
3 21 (2.22%) Active Directory
4 16 (1.69%) GlusterFS
5 11 (1.16%) HDFS
6 8 (0.84%) vSphere
7 7 (0.74%) VMware ESXi
8 6 (0.63%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.63%) NFS
9 5 (0.53%) KVM
9 5 (0.53%) Oracle RAC
10 4 (0.42%) SRDF
10 4 (0.42%) Xen
11 3 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
12 2 (0.21%) UAG
12 2 (0.21%) Veritas File System
13 1 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 1 (0.11%) Firmware
13 1 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
13 1 (0.11%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 278 (29.32%) Terraform
2 225 (23.73%) Kubernetes
3 189 (19.94%) Ansible
4 64 (6.75%) Grafana
5 61 (6.43%) Puppet
6 48 (5.06%) Prometheus
7 39 (4.11%) Opscode Chef
8 22 (2.32%) Kibana
9 19 (2.00%) Packer
10 14 (1.48%) Single Sign-On
11 12 (1.27%) Salt
12 11 (1.16%) Istio
12 11 (1.16%) Oozie
13 10 (1.05%) Oracle RMAN
14 8 (0.84%) CloudHub
14 8 (0.84%) Control-M
14 8 (0.84%) vRealize
14 8 (0.84%) ZABBIX
15 6 (0.63%) Rancher
15 6 (0.63%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 91 (9.60%) Google
2 87 (9.18%) Microsoft
3 67 (7.07%) Oracle
4 63 (6.65%) Atlassian
5 38 (4.01%) Splunk
6 32 (3.38%) VMware
7 26 (2.74%) SAP
8 23 (2.43%) AppDynamics
9 22 (2.32%) Databricks
10 20 (2.11%) Red Hat
11 19 (2.00%) MuleSoft
12 14 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
13 12 (1.27%) Dynatrace
13 12 (1.27%) EMC
14 11 (1.16%) Cisco
15 8 (0.84%) Apple
15 8 (0.84%) BMC
15 8 (0.84%) Dell
15 8 (0.84%) IBM
15 8 (0.84%) Sybase