Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for GitHub skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GitHub over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

GitHub
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 125 147 189
Rank change year-on-year +22 +42 +18
Contract jobs citing GitHub 1,842 1,239 582
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.06% 1.87% 1.41%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.72% 5.19% 4.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,253 791 398
10th Percentile £425 £400 £356
25th Percentile £500 £445 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £574 £513 £502
Median % change year-on-year +12.00% +2.09% -4.38%
75th Percentile £669 £600 £600
90th Percentile £738 £650 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £483 £495
% change year-on-year +8.81% -2.53% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 13 3
10th Percentile £54.78 £21.80 £23.15
25th Percentile £62.47 £21.86 £24.13
Median hourly rate £70.00 £25.50 £26.50
Median % change year-on-year +174.51% -3.77% -48.29%
75th Percentile £77.50 £54.00 £33.75
90th Percentile £81.00 £67.40 £37.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £75.00 £21.86 -
% change year-on-year +243.09% - -

GitHub is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 32,199 23,858 12,855
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.95% 35.96% 31.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,408 17,013 9,055
10th Percentile £345 £325 £308
25th Percentile £450 £413 £405
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £509 £500
Median % change year-on-year +8.16% +1.70% -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £595
90th Percentile £745 £679 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £463 £463
% change year-on-year +8.11% - +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 387 395 190
10th Percentile £13.88 £12.24 £12.75
25th Percentile £15.25 £14.75 £16.31
Median hourly rate £22.00 £21.50 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +2.33% +7.50% -2.44%
75th Percentile £50.39 £45.00 £32.88
90th Percentile £67.50 £65.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.25 £20.00 £19.69
% change year-on-year -3.78% +1.57% +9.39%

GitHub
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GitHub as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GitHub.

Daily rate trend for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GitHub over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GitHub.

Hourly rate trend for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GitHub over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for GitHub in the UK

GitHub
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GitHub within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +10 1,376 £575 +10.79% 313
Work from Home +23 1,044 £563 +12.50% 139
London +18 958 £588 +11.90% 160
UK excluding London -14 404 £525 +8.81% 168
North of England +22 159 £517 +3.35% 54
North West +13 78 £525 +5.00% 30
South East -38 69 £544 +14.47% 28
Yorkshire +4 67 £500 - 17
Scotland -18 62 £550 +10.55% 11
South West -6 53 £620 +30.53% 37
West Midlands -40 30 £550 +15.79% 13
Midlands -41 30 £550 +15.79% 21
East of England 0 26 £537 +7.40% 11
North East 0 14 £558 -7.08% 7
Wales -19 9 £593 +11.79% 3
Northern Ireland 0 2 - - 3

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing GitHub also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for GitHub.

1 996 (54.07%) DevOps
2 973 (52.82%) Agile
3 889 (48.26%) CI/CD
4 704 (38.22%) AWS
5 701 (38.06%) Jenkins
6 691 (37.51%) Azure
7 609 (33.06%) Docker
8 587 (31.87%) Git (software)
9 585 (31.76%) Terraform
10 551 (29.91%) Python
11 522 (28.34%) Kubernetes
12 500 (27.14%) JIRA
13 435 (23.62%) Java
14 408 (22.15%) JavaScript
15 396 (21.50%) Social Skills
16 354 (19.22%) Ansible
17 346 (18.78%) Continuous Integration
18 342 (18.57%) Microservices
19 337 (18.30%) TDD
20 329 (17.86%) Scrum
21 319 (17.32%) Infrastructure as Code
22 315 (17.10%) React
23 311 (16.88%) Finance
24 307 (16.67%) SQL
25 306 (16.61%) Test Automation
26 302 (16.40%) REST
27 283 (15.36%) Linux
28 270 (14.66%) Confluence
29 263 (14.28%) Security Cleared
30 259 (14.06%) Serverless

GitHub
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 270 (14.66%) Confluence
2 60 (3.26%) Cloud Foundry
3 56 (3.04%) CMS
4 55 (2.99%) SharePoint
5 54 (2.93%) Apache Spark
6 40 (2.17%) Apache
7 35 (1.90%) WebSphere
8 27 (1.47%) Sitecore CMS
9 24 (1.30%) Apache Airflow
10 18 (0.98%) IIS
10 18 (0.98%) OpenStack
11 17 (0.92%) nginx
12 15 (0.81%) Tomcat
13 14 (0.76%) Mule
14 13 (0.71%) Headless CMS
15 11 (0.60%) JBoss
16 10 (0.54%) Red Hat Fuse
17 9 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 8 (0.43%) WebSphere Application Server
19 6 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 20 (1.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 7 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.33%) Sketch
5 4 (0.22%) Adobe XD
5 4 (0.22%) InVision
5 4 (0.22%) Zeplin
6 3 (0.16%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.16%) OmniGraffle
7 2 (0.11%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.11%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.11%) Simulink
8 1 (0.054%) 3ds Max
8 1 (0.054%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.054%) InDesign
8 1 (0.054%) Maya
Business Applications
1 7 (0.38%) Shopify
2 6 (0.33%) SAP S/4HANA
3 3 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.16%) Teamcenter
4 2 (0.11%) Bloomberg AIM
4 2 (0.11%) Cloudability
4 2 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.054%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.054%) CA PPM
5 1 (0.054%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.054%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.054%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.054%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.054%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 704 (38.22%) AWS
2 691 (37.51%) Azure
3 259 (14.06%) Serverless
4 249 (13.52%) Azure DevOps
5 244 (13.25%) GCP
6 238 (12.92%) GitHub Actions
7 163 (8.85%) PaaS
8 156 (8.47%) AWS Lambda
9 121 (6.57%) Amazon S3
10 110 (5.97%) IaaS
11 109 (5.92%) Amazon EC2
12 98 (5.32%) OpenShift
13 89 (4.83%) AWS CloudFormation
14 82 (4.45%) Amazon EKS
15 73 (3.96%) SaaS
16 60 (3.26%) Azure AKS
17 57 (3.09%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 57 (3.09%) Amazon ECS
18 55 (2.99%) Power Platform
19 53 (2.88%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 94 (5.10%) DNS
2 84 (4.56%) Firewall
3 46 (2.50%) Internet
4 29 (1.57%) HTTP
5 26 (1.41%) HTTPS
6 24 (1.30%) Network Security
6 24 (1.30%) SAN
7 23 (1.25%) NAS
8 21 (1.14%) TCP/IP
9 20 (1.09%) VPN
10 19 (1.03%) DHCP
11 18 (0.98%) SSL
12 14 (0.76%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
12 14 (0.76%) IPv6
13 11 (0.60%) Kerberos
14 8 (0.43%) Intrusion Detection
15 5 (0.27%) LAN
15 5 (0.27%) LTE
15 5 (0.27%) SMTP
15 5 (0.27%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 174 (9.45%) SQL Server
2 135 (7.33%) MongoDB
3 122 (6.62%) NoSQL
4 96 (5.21%) Relational Database
5 88 (4.78%) PostgreSQL
6 76 (4.13%) Amazon RDS
7 68 (3.69%) Big Data
8 65 (3.53%) MySQL
9 58 (3.15%) DynamoDB
10 48 (2.61%) Power BI
11 45 (2.44%) Elasticsearch
12 38 (2.06%) RDBMS
13 32 (1.74%) Azure SQL Database
13 32 (1.74%) Data Lake
13 32 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
14 28 (1.52%) Amazon Athena
14 28 (1.52%) Oracle Database
14 28 (1.52%) Redis
15 26 (1.41%) DB2
16 19 (1.03%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 701 (38.06%) Jenkins
2 587 (31.87%) Git (software)
3 500 (27.14%) JIRA
4 191 (10.37%) GitLab
5 159 (8.63%) Maven
6 128 (6.95%) Bitbucket
7 102 (5.54%) Sonatype Nexus
8 92 (4.99%) JUnit
9 91 (4.94%) CircleCI
9 91 (4.94%) SonarQube
10 90 (4.89%) Gradle
11 65 (3.53%) Artifactory
12 63 (3.42%) Selenium
12 63 (3.42%) TeamCity
13 57 (3.09%) Postman
14 50 (2.71%) Mockito
15 49 (2.66%) Cucumber
16 43 (2.33%) Visual Studio
17 42 (2.28%) git-flow
18 35 (1.90%) Cypress.io
General
1 396 (21.50%) Social Skills
2 311 (16.88%) Finance
3 207 (11.24%) Public Sector
4 171 (9.28%) Analytical Skills
5 117 (6.35%) Banking
6 54 (2.93%) Presentation Skills
7 51 (2.77%) Retail
8 41 (2.23%) Telecoms
9 40 (2.17%) Marketing
10 30 (1.63%) Publishing
11 25 (1.36%) Manufacturing
12 21 (1.14%) Military
13 20 (1.09%) Police
14 17 (0.92%) Legal
15 13 (0.71%) Documentation Skills
15 13 (0.71%) Electronics
15 13 (0.71%) Law
16 12 (0.65%) Influencing Skills
17 11 (0.60%) Automotive
18 9 (0.49%) Games
Job Titles
1 621 (33.71%) Developer
2 314 (17.05%) DevOps Engineer
3 134 (7.27%) AWS Engineer
4 118 (6.41%) Architect
5 117 (6.35%) Azure Engineer
6 103 (5.59%) Java Developer
7 97 (5.27%) Full Stack Developer
8 95 (5.16%) Senior Developer
9 82 (4.45%) React Developer
10 81 (4.40%) Software Engineer
11 80 (4.34%) AWS DevOps
12 79 (4.29%) Python Developer
13 76 (4.13%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 72 (3.91%) Cloud Engineer
15 68 (3.69%) Data Engineer
16 64 (3.47%) Analyst
17 58 (3.15%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 50 (2.71%) Lead Developer
18 50 (2.71%) Platform Engineer
19 44 (2.39%) Azure DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 315 (17.10%) React
2 302 (16.40%) REST
3 245 (13.30%) Node.js
4 211 (11.45%) CSS
5 210 (11.40%) HTML
6 186 (10.10%) JSON
7 167 (9.07%) Spring
8 132 (7.17%) Kafka
8 132 (7.17%) RESTful
9 126 (6.84%) Spring Boot
10 125 (6.79%) .NET
11 80 (4.34%) Web Services
12 78 (4.23%) GraphQL
13 75 (4.07%) AngularJS
14 72 (3.91%) jQuery
15 71 (3.85%) SOAP
16 58 (3.15%) pytest
17 57 (3.09%) XML
18 54 (2.93%) Jest
19 52 (2.82%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 139 (7.55%) User Experience
2 97 (5.27%) Data Protection Act
3 95 (5.16%) Public Cloud
4 83 (4.51%) Cloud Native
5 73 (3.96%) Mobile App
6 49 (2.66%) Greenfield Project
7 47 (2.55%) Self-Motivation
8 38 (2.06%) Enterprise Software
9 35 (1.90%) Linux Command Line
9 35 (1.90%) Replication
10 33 (1.79%) Algorithms
10 33 (1.79%) Clustering
10 33 (1.79%) iPad
11 31 (1.68%) Social Media
12 24 (1.30%) Analytical Mindset
12 24 (1.30%) Private Cloud
13 23 (1.25%) Hybrid Cloud
14 21 (1.14%) Enterprise Cloud
14 21 (1.14%) Management Information System
15 20 (1.09%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 283 (15.36%) Linux
2 156 (8.47%) Windows
3 114 (6.19%) Unix
4 86 (4.67%) Android
5 67 (3.64%) Apple iOS
5 67 (3.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 39 (2.12%) Windows Server
7 30 (1.63%) CentOS
8 24 (1.30%) Ubuntu
9 18 (0.98%) Windows Server 2016
10 16 (0.87%) Windows Server 2012
11 15 (0.81%) Amazon Linux
12 8 (0.43%) VMS
13 6 (0.33%) Solaris
14 5 (0.27%) Oracle Linux
15 4 (0.22%) Mac OS X
15 4 (0.22%) Windows Server 2019
16 3 (0.16%) Alpine Linux
17 2 (0.11%) AIX
17 2 (0.11%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 996 (54.07%) DevOps
2 973 (52.82%) Agile
3 889 (48.26%) CI/CD
4 346 (18.78%) Continuous Integration
5 342 (18.57%) Microservices
6 337 (18.30%) TDD
7 329 (17.86%) Scrum
8 319 (17.32%) Infrastructure as Code
9 306 (16.61%) Test Automation
10 219 (11.89%) Problem-Solving
11 209 (11.35%) Full Stack Development
12 205 (11.13%) Software Engineering
13 200 (10.86%) BDD
14 175 (9.50%) Continuous Delivery
15 168 (9.12%) Kanban
16 144 (7.82%) SDLC
17 140 (7.60%) Analytics
18 128 (6.95%) Data Protection
19 127 (6.89%) Front End Development
20 122 (6.62%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 551 (29.91%) Python
2 435 (23.62%) Java
3 408 (22.15%) JavaScript
4 307 (16.67%) SQL
5 203 (11.02%) TypeScript
6 188 (10.21%) PowerShell
7 167 (9.07%) Bash
8 135 (7.33%) C#
9 113 (6.13%) Go
10 81 (4.40%) Kotlin
11 71 (3.85%) Ruby
12 64 (3.47%) Scala
13 47 (2.55%) Shell Script
14 46 (2.50%) Groovy
15 36 (1.95%) Apple Swift
16 34 (1.85%) PHP
17 22 (1.19%) R
18 21 (1.14%) C
19 19 (1.03%) C++
20 17 (0.92%) Perl
Qualifications
1 263 (14.28%) Security Cleared
2 214 (11.62%) SC Cleared
3 68 (3.69%) Degree
4 42 (2.28%) BPSS Clearance
5 36 (1.95%) AWS Certification
6 24 (1.30%) Computer Science Degree
7 12 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
8 10 (0.54%) ISEB
9 9 (0.49%) CISSP
10 6 (0.33%) CEH
10 6 (0.33%) CISM
11 4 (0.22%) ISTQB
11 4 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
12 3 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
12 3 (0.16%) MCAD
12 3 (0.16%) MCSE
12 3 (0.16%) Oracle Certification
13 2 (0.11%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 2 (0.11%) MCSA
13 2 (0.11%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 99 (5.37%) Accessibility
2 88 (4.78%) QA
3 21 (1.14%) WCAG
4 20 (1.09%) SLA
5 15 (0.81%) GDPR
6 7 (0.38%) Data Quality
6 7 (0.38%) NIST
6 7 (0.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 6 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 5 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
9 3 (0.16%) IEC 61508
9 3 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 12207
10 2 (0.11%) DICOM
10 2 (0.11%) HL7
10 2 (0.11%) IFRS
10 2 (0.11%) IFRS 17
10 2 (0.11%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.054%) Cyber Essentials
11 1 (0.054%) ISO 13485
11 1 (0.054%) NCSC
System Software
1 609 (33.06%) Docker
2 56 (3.04%) VMware Infrastructure
3 44 (2.39%) Active Directory
4 29 (1.57%) Hyper-V
5 25 (1.36%) Veritas Volume Manager
6 23 (1.25%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 16 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
8 13 (0.71%) Ceph
9 10 (0.54%) VMware ESXi
10 8 (0.43%) VMware NSX
11 6 (0.33%) NFS
11 6 (0.33%) VirtualBox
12 5 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 5 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (0.27%) vSphere
13 2 (0.11%) OpenAM
13 2 (0.11%) Veritas File System
14 1 (0.054%) Apache Flume
14 1 (0.054%) KVM
14 1 (0.054%) LXC
Systems Management
1 585 (31.76%) Terraform
2 522 (28.34%) Kubernetes
3 354 (19.22%) Ansible
4 137 (7.44%) Puppet
5 72 (3.91%) Prometheus
6 71 (3.85%) Grafana
7 64 (3.47%) Opscode Chef
8 46 (2.50%) Kibana
9 23 (1.25%) logstash
10 20 (1.09%) Istio
11 15 (0.81%) Nagios
12 14 (0.76%) Single Sign-On
13 13 (0.71%) Packer
14 11 (0.60%) HP Fortify
15 9 (0.49%) Active Directory Federation Services
15 9 (0.49%) Argo
15 9 (0.49%) Salt
16 8 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
16 8 (0.43%) Opsgenie
16 8 (0.43%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 189 (10.26%) Microsoft
2 168 (9.12%) Oracle
3 149 (8.09%) Google
4 134 (7.27%) Splunk
5 70 (3.80%) Databricks
6 65 (3.53%) Red Hat
7 58 (3.15%) VMware
8 54 (2.93%) IBM
9 52 (2.82%) AppDynamics
10 43 (2.33%) ServiceNow
11 42 (2.28%) SAP
12 37 (2.01%) F5
13 33 (1.79%) Atlassian
13 33 (1.79%) Dynatrace
14 28 (1.52%) Apple
15 27 (1.47%) Salesforce.com
15 27 (1.47%) Sitecore
16 26 (1.41%) Sybase
17 25 (1.36%) Citrix
18 23 (1.25%) Veritas