Period
to 24 October 2021

The median annual salary for a Backend Developer was £67,500 in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Backend Developer
England > London
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 257 313 481
Rank change year-on-year +56 +168 +12
Permanent jobs requiring a Backend Developer 687 148 276
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 1.36% 0.75% 0.51%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.52% 0.80% 0.53%
Number of salaries quoted 222 136 256
10th Percentile £51,375 £52,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £56,563 £53,750 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.85% - -
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,250 £77,500
90th Percentile £91,125 £82,500 £90,000
England median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
London
Permanent vacancies in London with a recognized job title 45,102 18,388 51,754
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 89.46% 93.56% 94.99%
Number of salaries quoted 31,092 15,614 42,660
10th Percentile £41,000 £41,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £63,511
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +6.28% +5.85%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% +5.77% +4.00%

Backend Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Backend Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Backend Developer in London

Backend Developer
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Backend Developer in London.

Salary trend for Backend Developer in London

Backend Developer
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Backend Developer in London over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Backend Developer in London

Backend Developer
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Backend Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
West London -31 47 £72,500 +26.09% 18
Central London -59 44 £70,000 +12.00% 31
South London - 1 £75,000 - 1
Backend Developer
England

Backend Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, Backend Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region featuring Backend Developer in the job title.

1 270 (39.30%) Python
2 263 (38.28%) Agile Software Development
3 252 (36.68%) AWS
4 249 (36.24%) Microservices
5 248 (36.10%) JavaScript
6 237 (34.50%) Java
7 225 (32.75%) Docker
8 181 (26.35%) Kubernetes
9 170 (24.75%) REST
10 166 (24.16%) Node.js
11 156 (22.71%) TDD
11 156 (22.71%) Git (software)
12 146 (21.25%) React
13 143 (20.82%) SQL
14 139 (20.23%) DevOps
15 138 (20.09%) Finance
16 135 (19.65%) Problem-Solving
17 124 (18.05%) C#
18 123 (17.90%) PostgreSQL
18 123 (17.90%) Social Skills
19 120 (17.47%) Spring
20 116 (16.89%) RESTful
21 114 (16.59%) Software Engineering
21 114 (16.59%) TypeScript
22 111 (16.16%) Web Services
23 109 (15.87%) OOP
24 108 (15.72%) GCP
25 107 (15.57%) Computer Science
26 105 (15.28%) Azure
26 105 (15.28%) Serverless

Backend Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (4.95%) Elasticsearch
2 23 (3.35%) nginx
3 19 (2.77%) WordPress
4 15 (2.18%) IBM Domino
5 14 (2.04%) Apache Solr
6 11 (1.60%) Confluence
7 10 (1.46%) Tornado
8 5 (0.73%) Apache
8 5 (0.73%) Drupal
8 5 (0.73%) Ethereum
9 1 (0.15%) Apache Spark
9 1 (0.15%) CMS
9 1 (0.15%) OpenStack
9 1 (0.15%) Umbraco
Applications
1 2 (0.29%) Figma
2 1 (0.15%) InVision
2 1 (0.15%) Sketch
2 1 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 1 (0.15%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 252 (36.68%) AWS
2 108 (15.72%) GCP
3 105 (15.28%) Azure
3 105 (15.28%) Serverless
4 102 (14.85%) GitHub
5 60 (8.73%) AWS Lambda
6 40 (5.82%) Amazon S3
7 37 (5.39%) Azure Functions
8 25 (3.64%) SaaS
9 23 (3.35%) Heroku
10 19 (2.77%) Power Platform
11 18 (2.62%) Amazon SQS
11 18 (2.62%) CloudFront
12 17 (2.47%) AWS CloudFormation
13 15 (2.18%) Amazon EC2
14 14 (2.04%) Cloud Computing
15 13 (1.89%) Amazon EKS
15 13 (1.89%) Azure Active Directory
15 13 (1.89%) Azure Key Vault
15 13 (1.89%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 35 (5.09%) HTTP
2 5 (0.73%) SMS
3 4 (0.58%) Internet
3 4 (0.58%) RIP
4 2 (0.29%) MQTT
5 1 (0.15%) BIG-IP
5 1 (0.15%) DNS
5 1 (0.15%) Intranet
5 1 (0.15%) SSH
5 1 (0.15%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 123 (17.90%) PostgreSQL
2 104 (15.14%) MongoDB
3 96 (13.97%) NoSQL
4 73 (10.63%) Redis
5 66 (9.61%) MySQL
6 64 (9.32%) Relational Database
7 41 (5.97%) Blockchain
8 35 (5.09%) SQL Server
9 28 (4.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 28 (4.08%) Big Data
10 26 (3.78%) Amazon RDS
11 19 (2.77%) Power BI
12 13 (1.89%) Amazon Aurora
13 10 (1.46%) Kalido
13 10 (1.46%) Oracle Database
14 9 (1.31%) Electronic Patient Records
15 8 (1.16%) BigQuery
15 8 (1.16%) RDBMS
16 7 (1.02%) Oracle Reports
17 6 (0.87%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 156 (22.71%) Git (software)
2 50 (7.28%) Jenkins
3 31 (4.51%) Maven
4 20 (2.91%) GitLab
4 20 (2.91%) Gradle
5 19 (2.77%) CircleCI
6 18 (2.62%) JIRA
7 13 (1.89%) JMeter
7 13 (1.89%) Moq
8 12 (1.75%) Mocha
8 12 (1.75%) MSI
8 12 (1.75%) Visual Studio
8 12 (1.75%) WiX
9 11 (1.60%) Bitbucket
9 11 (1.60%) Mockito
10 10 (1.46%) Cypress.io
10 10 (1.46%) Travis CI
11 9 (1.31%) TeamCity
12 8 (1.16%) Selenium
12 8 (1.16%) webpack
General
1 138 (20.09%) Finance
2 123 (17.90%) Social Skills
3 72 (10.48%) Games
4 45 (6.55%) Retail
5 41 (5.97%) Banking
6 31 (4.51%) Legal
7 29 (4.22%) Analytical Skills
8 28 (4.08%) Financial Institution
9 21 (3.06%) Back Office
9 21 (3.06%) Manufacturing
10 19 (2.77%) Automotive
11 17 (2.47%) Online Betting
12 16 (2.33%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 14 (2.04%) Documentation Skills
14 12 (1.75%) Wearables
15 11 (1.60%) Marketing
15 11 (1.60%) Publishing
16 9 (1.31%) Pharmaceutical
17 7 (1.02%) Music Industry
18 6 (0.87%) Advertising
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 170 (24.75%) REST
2 166 (24.16%) Node.js
3 146 (21.25%) React
4 120 (17.47%) Spring
5 116 (16.89%) RESTful
6 111 (16.16%) Web Services
7 94 (13.68%) .NET
8 82 (11.94%) Spring Boot
9 74 (10.77%) Django
10 73 (10.63%) Kafka
11 70 (10.19%) RabbitMQ
12 69 (10.04%) GraphQL
13 60 (8.73%) CSS
14 51 (7.42%) HTML
15 49 (7.13%) AngularJS
16 43 (6.26%) Flask
17 35 (5.09%) Celery
18 34 (4.95%) ASP.NET Web API
19 32 (4.66%) JSON
20 31 (4.51%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 79 (11.50%) Algorithms
2 64 (9.32%) Data Structures
3 63 (9.17%) User Experience
4 54 (7.86%) Greenfield Project
5 31 (4.51%) Client/Server
5 31 (4.51%) Self-Motivation
6 29 (4.22%) Blog
7 27 (3.93%) Online Games
8 21 (3.06%) Mobile App
9 17 (2.47%) Data Centre
9 17 (2.47%) Virtual Team
10 16 (2.33%) Mobile Games
10 16 (2.33%) Social Gaming
11 15 (2.18%) Industry 4.0
12 13 (1.89%) Robotics
13 12 (1.75%) Hedge funds
13 12 (1.75%) Web 2.0
14 11 (1.60%) Social Network
15 10 (1.46%) Cloud Native
15 10 (1.46%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 49 (7.13%) Linux
2 40 (5.82%) Android
3 34 (4.95%) Apple iOS
4 20 (2.91%) Unix
4 20 (2.91%) Windows
5 7 (1.02%) Mac OS
6 2 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
6 2 (0.29%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.15%) CentOS
7 1 (0.15%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 263 (38.28%) Agile Software Development
2 249 (36.24%) Microservices
3 156 (22.71%) TDD
4 139 (20.23%) DevOps
5 135 (19.65%) Problem-Solving
6 114 (16.59%) Software Engineering
7 109 (15.87%) OOP
8 107 (15.57%) Computer Science
9 101 (14.70%) OO
10 100 (14.56%) Test Automation
11 91 (13.25%) Clean Code
12 72 (10.48%) Full Stack Development
13 69 (10.04%) Machine Learning
14 68 (9.90%) Fintech
15 65 (9.46%) Continuous Integration
16 59 (8.59%) BDD
17 58 (8.44%) Mentoring
18 55 (8.01%) Front End Development
19 54 (7.86%) Scrum
20 52 (7.57%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 270 (39.30%) Python
2 248 (36.10%) JavaScript
3 237 (34.50%) Java
4 143 (20.82%) SQL
5 124 (18.05%) C#
6 114 (16.59%) TypeScript
7 83 (12.08%) Go
8 49 (7.13%) Java 8
9 46 (6.70%) C++
10 41 (5.97%) Scala
11 39 (5.68%) Ruby
12 36 (5.24%) PHP
13 34 (4.95%) C
14 25 (3.64%) Kotlin
15 24 (3.49%) ES6
15 24 (3.49%) Rust
16 23 (3.35%) Bash Shell
17 18 (2.62%) R
17 18 (2.62%) T-SQL
18 16 (2.33%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 101 (14.70%) Degree
2 49 (7.13%) Computer Science Degree
3 11 (1.60%) Master's Degree
4 3 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
5 2 (0.29%) SC Cleared
5 2 (0.29%) Security Cleared
6 1 (0.15%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (4.08%) QA
2 25 (3.64%) Accessibility
3 4 (0.58%) PSD2
4 1 (0.15%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.15%) MiFID
4 1 (0.15%) SLA
System Software
1 225 (32.75%) Docker
2 13 (1.89%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.87%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 6 (0.87%) etcd
4 2 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.15%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 181 (26.35%) Kubernetes
2 62 (9.02%) Terraform
3 14 (2.04%) HAProxy
4 6 (0.87%) Consul
5 5 (0.73%) Business Desktop Deployment
6 2 (0.29%) Ansible
6 2 (0.29%) Grafana
6 2 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.29%) Puppet
7 1 (0.15%) CFEngine
7 1 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
7 1 (0.15%) Galera Cluster
7 1 (0.15%) Graphite
7 1 (0.15%) Kibana
7 1 (0.15%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.15%) Salt
Vendors
1 62 (9.02%) Google
2 43 (6.26%) Microsoft
3 35 (5.09%) Oracle
4 14 (2.04%) Apple
5 10 (1.46%) Alibaba
6 6 (0.87%) Atlassian
7 5 (0.73%) Spotify
8 4 (0.58%) Samsung
9 3 (0.44%) Instagram
10 2 (0.29%) YouTube
11 1 (0.15%) BT
11 1 (0.15%) New Relic
11 1 (0.15%) Rollbar
11 1 (0.15%) TIBCO
11 1 (0.15%) Twitter