Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CI/CD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CI/CD over the 6 months to 27 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CI/CD
England > London
6 months to
27 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 13 14 25
Rank change year-on-year +1 +11 +19
Permanent jobs citing CI/CD 11,813 4,827 3,485
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 16.47% 13.78% 9.19%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 17.04% 14.54% 9.74%
Number of salaries quoted 4,162 3,545 2,869
10th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £51,250
25th Percentile £65,000 £61,250 £62,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.45% +3.33% +3.45%
75th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £95,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £115,000 £115,000
England median annual salary £75,000 £67,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% +3.85% -

CI/CD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 69,312 33,205 35,794
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 96.62% 94.82% 94.42%
Number of salaries quoted 34,112 24,815 29,135
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year - +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £102,500
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

CI/CD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CI/CD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CI/CD in London

CI/CD
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CI/CD in London.

Salary trend for CI/CD in London

CI/CD
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CI/CD in London over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Salary histogram for CI/CD in London

CI/CD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CI/CD within the London region over the 6 months to 27 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +1 916 £85,000 +6.25% 192
West London +6 380 £67,500 -3.57% 47
South London -11 239 £60,000 -14.29% 24
East London +5 88 £75,000 +25.00% 45
North London -17 29 £90,000 +56.52% 7
CI/CD
England

For the 6 months to 27 May 2022, IT jobs citing CI/CD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CI/CD.

1 6,893 (58.35%) Agile
2 6,394 (54.13%) AWS
3 5,608 (47.47%) DevOps
4 5,027 (42.55%) Python
5 4,615 (39.07%) Docker
6 4,383 (37.10%) Kubernetes
7 4,208 (35.62%) Java
8 4,125 (34.92%) Azure
9 3,926 (33.23%) Software Engineering
10 3,771 (31.92%) JavaScript
11 3,753 (31.77%) Finance
12 3,522 (29.81%) Microservices
13 3,213 (27.20%) React
14 3,176 (26.89%) Jenkins
15 3,116 (26.38%) Git (software)
16 3,079 (26.06%) Terraform
17 3,034 (25.68%) TDD
18 2,971 (25.15%) Test Automation
19 2,953 (25.00%) GCP
20 2,923 (24.74%) SQL
21 2,567 (21.73%) Social Skills
22 2,318 (19.62%) Node.js
23 2,239 (18.95%) Infrastructure as Code
24 2,191 (18.55%) TypeScript
25 2,129 (18.02%) Full Stack Development
26 2,033 (17.21%) Continuous Integration
27 1,974 (16.71%) Serverless
28 1,946 (16.47%) Mentoring
29 1,942 (16.44%) Scrum
30 1,829 (15.48%) C#

CI/CD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 714 (6.04%) Elasticsearch
2 511 (4.33%) Apache Spark
3 448 (3.79%) Confluence
4 402 (3.40%) Apache Airflow
5 284 (2.40%) Apache
6 247 (2.09%) CMS
7 188 (1.59%) nginx
8 137 (1.16%) IIS
9 105 (0.89%) Tomcat
10 85 (0.72%) Headless CMS
11 81 (0.69%) JBoss
12 78 (0.66%) Jupyter
13 61 (0.52%) WordPress
14 58 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
15 43 (0.36%) Apache Pulsar
16 38 (0.32%) SharePoint
17 32 (0.27%) Drupal
17 32 (0.27%) Sitecore CMS
18 30 (0.25%) Apache Solr
19 29 (0.25%) OpenStack
Applications
1 36 (0.30%) Chatbot
2 17 (0.14%) Sketch
3 15 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
4 14 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
5 12 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 11 (0.093%) Photoshop
7 8 (0.068%) Microsoft Office
8 6 (0.051%) InVision
8 6 (0.051%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.008%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.008%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.008%) CPLEX
Business Applications
1 77 (0.65%) Payment Gateway
2 60 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
3 23 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
4 17 (0.14%) Shopify
5 14 (0.12%) R3 Corda
6 12 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
7 11 (0.093%) Magento
8 8 (0.068%) Temenos T24
9 7 (0.059%) Sentinel
10 6 (0.051%) Dynamics NAV
11 5 (0.042%) Adobe Campaign
11 5 (0.042%) Oracle Financials
11 5 (0.042%) Summit
12 4 (0.034%) Oracle ERP
13 3 (0.025%) Oracle EBS
14 2 (0.017%) Distributed Ledger
14 2 (0.017%) Oracle EBS R12
14 2 (0.017%) SAP MDM
15 1 (0.008%) Acoustic Campaign
15 1 (0.008%) Aligne
Cloud Services
1 6,394 (54.13%) AWS
2 4,125 (34.92%) Azure
3 2,953 (25.00%) GCP
4 1,974 (16.71%) Serverless
5 1,217 (10.30%) GitHub
6 1,090 (9.23%) AWS Lambda
7 774 (6.55%) Amazon S3
8 766 (6.48%) SaaS
9 761 (6.44%) AWS CloudFormation
10 549 (4.65%) Amazon ECS
11 509 (4.31%) Cloud Computing
12 504 (4.27%) OpenShift
13 481 (4.07%) PaaS
14 385 (3.26%) Amazon Kinesis
15 383 (3.24%) Amazon EC2
16 358 (3.03%) GitHub Actions
17 348 (2.95%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 341 (2.89%) Amazon SQS
19 320 (2.71%) IaaS
20 295 (2.50%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 351 (2.97%) HTTP
2 317 (2.68%) Internet
3 249 (2.11%) Firewall
4 154 (1.30%) DNS
5 139 (1.18%) Broadband
6 107 (0.91%) TCP/IP
7 102 (0.86%) Network Security
7 102 (0.86%) VPN
8 50 (0.42%) MQTT
9 46 (0.39%) DHCP
10 33 (0.28%) WebEx
11 29 (0.25%) SSL
12 27 (0.23%) IPsec
13 26 (0.22%) FTP
13 26 (0.22%) VLAN
14 25 (0.21%) Reverse Proxy
15 23 (0.19%) PPP
16 18 (0.15%) SD-WAN
17 15 (0.13%) AMQP
18 14 (0.12%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,764 (14.93%) PostgreSQL
2 1,692 (14.32%) NoSQL
3 1,059 (8.96%) MySQL
4 969 (8.20%) SQL Server
5 932 (7.89%) Relational Database
6 840 (7.11%) MongoDB
7 781 (6.61%) Big Data
8 575 (4.87%) Redis
9 530 (4.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 481 (4.07%) Data Warehouse
11 371 (3.14%) Apache Cassandra
12 340 (2.88%) Hadoop
13 330 (2.79%) Amazon RDS
14 328 (2.78%) BigQuery
15 304 (2.57%) Data Lake
16 290 (2.45%) Amazon Aurora
16 290 (2.45%) Amazon Redshift
17 208 (1.76%) Amazon Athena
18 206 (1.74%) Flink
19 188 (1.59%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 3,176 (26.89%) Jenkins
2 3,116 (26.38%) Git (software)
3 1,119 (9.47%) JIRA
4 871 (7.37%) GitLab
5 592 (5.01%) Maven
5 592 (5.01%) Selenium
6 581 (4.92%) CircleCI
7 578 (4.89%) TeamCity
8 497 (4.21%) Cypress.io
9 447 (3.78%) JUnit
10 406 (3.44%) Gradle
10 406 (3.44%) webpack
11 401 (3.39%) Octopus Deploy
12 370 (3.13%) Cucumber
13 343 (2.90%) Bitbucket
14 301 (2.55%) Postman
15 275 (2.33%) Subversion
16 241 (2.04%) Travis CI
17 229 (1.94%) Team Foundation Server
18 201 (1.70%) Mocha
General
1 3,753 (31.77%) Finance
2 2,567 (21.73%) Social Skills
3 1,088 (9.21%) Banking
4 965 (8.17%) Retail
5 868 (7.35%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 811 (6.87%) Analytical Skills
7 644 (5.45%) Games
8 507 (4.29%) Marketing
9 412 (3.49%) Manufacturing
10 315 (2.67%) Public Sector
11 309 (2.62%) Front Office
12 207 (1.75%) Financial Institution
13 206 (1.74%) Advertising
14 205 (1.74%) Telecoms
15 179 (1.52%) Legal
16 162 (1.37%) Publishing
17 144 (1.22%) Law
18 143 (1.21%) Organisational Skills
19 137 (1.16%) Presentation Skills
20 122 (1.03%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 3,387 (28.67%) Developer
2 2,146 (18.17%) Software Engineer
3 1,818 (15.39%) DevOps Engineer
4 1,139 (9.64%) Senior Developer
5 844 (7.14%) Senior Software Engineer
6 692 (5.86%) Java Developer
7 659 (5.58%) Data Engineer
8 649 (5.49%) Senior DevOps
9 603 (5.10%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 560 (4.74%) Java Engineer
11 559 (4.73%) Architect
12 493 (4.17%) Full Stack Developer
13 471 (3.99%) Cloud Engineer
14 449 (3.80%) AWS Engineer
15 401 (3.39%) Lead Developer
16 370 (3.13%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 343 (2.90%) .NET Developer
18 334 (2.83%) Senior Java Engineer
19 280 (2.37%) Senior Java Developer
20 264 (2.23%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,213 (27.20%) React
2 2,318 (19.62%) Node.js
3 1,744 (14.76%) .NET
4 1,705 (14.43%) REST
5 1,574 (13.32%) Kafka
6 1,354 (11.46%) RESTful
7 1,352 (11.45%) CSS
8 1,281 (10.84%) Spring
9 1,239 (10.49%) AngularJS
10 1,222 (10.34%) HTML
11 942 (7.97%) Spring Boot
12 841 (7.12%) GraphQL
13 778 (6.59%) .NET Core
14 723 (6.12%) Vue.js
15 656 (5.55%) ASP.NET
16 654 (5.54%) Web Services
17 608 (5.15%) Jest
18 491 (4.16%) Sass
19 463 (3.92%) Redux
20 461 (3.90%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 1,139 (9.64%) User Experience
2 977 (8.27%) Cloud Native
3 707 (5.98%) Algorithms
4 603 (5.10%) Mobile App
5 601 (5.09%) Greenfield Project
6 597 (5.05%) Public Cloud
6 597 (5.05%) Self-Motivation
7 545 (4.61%) Data Structures
8 347 (2.94%) Life Science
9 329 (2.79%) Enterprise Software
10 280 (2.37%) Linux Command Line
11 275 (2.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 269 (2.28%) Hedge funds
13 230 (1.95%) Fixed Income
14 228 (1.93%) Equities
15 213 (1.80%) Blog
16 210 (1.78%) Social Media
17 202 (1.71%) Derivative
18 178 (1.51%) Social Network
19 159 (1.35%) Blockchain
Operating Systems
1 1,670 (14.14%) Linux
2 732 (6.20%) Windows
3 577 (4.88%) Unix
4 505 (4.27%) Android
5 442 (3.74%) Apple iOS
6 129 (1.09%) Windows Server
7 123 (1.04%) Mesosphere
8 85 (0.72%) VMS
9 72 (0.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 52 (0.44%) CentOS
11 49 (0.41%) Ubuntu
12 19 (0.16%) Kali Linux
13 17 (0.14%) Mac OS
14 11 (0.093%) Debian
14 11 (0.093%) Mac OS X
15 10 (0.085%) Alpine Linux
16 9 (0.076%) CoreOS
17 8 (0.068%) Embedded Linux
17 8 (0.068%) Windows 10
18 6 (0.051%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,893 (58.35%) Agile
2 5,608 (47.47%) DevOps
3 3,926 (33.23%) Software Engineering
4 3,522 (29.81%) Microservices
5 3,034 (25.68%) TDD
6 2,971 (25.15%) Test Automation
7 2,239 (18.95%) Infrastructure as Code
8 2,129 (18.02%) Full Stack Development
9 2,033 (17.21%) Continuous Integration
10 1,946 (16.47%) Mentoring
11 1,942 (16.44%) Scrum
12 1,740 (14.73%) Problem-Solving
13 1,540 (13.04%) BDD
14 1,469 (12.44%) Analytics
15 1,459 (12.35%) Continuous Delivery
16 1,356 (11.48%) Fintech
17 1,328 (11.24%) SDLC
18 1,183 (10.01%) Coaching
19 1,175 (9.95%) Data Science
20 1,038 (8.79%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 5,027 (42.55%) Python
2 4,208 (35.62%) Java
3 3,771 (31.92%) JavaScript
4 2,923 (24.74%) SQL
5 2,191 (18.55%) TypeScript
6 1,829 (15.48%) C#
7 1,113 (9.42%) Go
8 956 (8.09%) Bash
9 839 (7.10%) PowerShell
10 797 (6.75%) Ruby
11 666 (5.64%) Scala
12 583 (4.94%) Kotlin
13 530 (4.49%) PHP
14 375 (3.17%) Shell Script
15 356 (3.01%) C++
16 354 (3.00%) Groovy
17 266 (2.25%) C
18 238 (2.01%) ES6
19 214 (1.81%) Perl
20 156 (1.32%) R
Qualifications
1 1,234 (10.45%) Degree
2 645 (5.46%) Computer Science Degree
3 191 (1.62%) Security Cleared
4 160 (1.35%) Master's Degree
5 121 (1.02%) SC Cleared
6 96 (0.81%) AWS Certification
7 67 (0.57%) ISTQB
8 42 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
9 40 (0.34%) PMI Certification
10 36 (0.30%) DV Cleared
11 29 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
12 25 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
13 22 (0.19%) PhD
14 21 (0.18%) CISSP
15 16 (0.14%) Sun Certification
16 14 (0.12%) ISEB
16 14 (0.12%) MCSD
17 12 (0.10%) Cisco Certification
18 10 (0.085%) CCNP
18 10 (0.085%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,465 (12.40%) QA
2 244 (2.07%) Accessibility
3 133 (1.13%) Data Quality
4 107 (0.91%) GDPR
5 74 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 61 (0.52%) PCI DSS
7 26 (0.22%) NIST
8 25 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
8 25 (0.21%) SOC 2
9 17 (0.14%) SLA
10 15 (0.13%) HIPAA
11 14 (0.12%) SEPA
12 12 (0.10%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 12 (0.10%) ISO 9001
13 11 (0.093%) PMO
14 10 (0.085%) WCAG
15 7 (0.059%) GxP
15 7 (0.059%) WAI
16 6 (0.051%) ISO 13485
16 6 (0.051%) MiFID
System Software
1 4,615 (39.07%) Docker
2 155 (1.31%) Virtual Machines
3 91 (0.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 79 (0.67%) Active Directory
5 65 (0.55%) VMware Infrastructure
6 47 (0.40%) Apache Flume
7 26 (0.22%) KVM
8 25 (0.21%) ISA Server
9 18 (0.15%) LXC
10 16 (0.14%) vSphere
11 14 (0.12%) zsh
12 11 (0.093%) Hyper-V
13 9 (0.076%) VMware ESXi
14 7 (0.059%) HDFS
14 7 (0.059%) Varnish
14 7 (0.059%) Virtual Desktop
15 5 (0.042%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 5 (0.042%) NFS
16 3 (0.025%) Oracle RAC
17 2 (0.017%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 4,383 (37.10%) Kubernetes
2 3,079 (26.06%) Terraform
3 1,651 (13.98%) Ansible
4 752 (6.37%) Puppet
5 644 (5.45%) Opscode Chef
6 432 (3.66%) Prometheus
7 332 (2.81%) Grafana
8 201 (1.70%) Istio
9 177 (1.50%) Kibana
10 167 (1.41%) Docker Swarm
11 159 (1.35%) Consul
12 138 (1.17%) logstash
13 123 (1.04%) Automic
14 118 (1.00%) Rancher
15 76 (0.64%) HAProxy
16 58 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
17 55 (0.47%) Packer
18 52 (0.44%) ZABBIX
19 51 (0.43%) Graylog
20 49 (0.41%) Graphite
Vendors
1 1,350 (11.43%) Google
2 1,098 (9.29%) Microsoft
3 411 (3.48%) Splunk
4 351 (2.97%) Oracle
5 190 (1.61%) Databricks
5 190 (1.61%) Salesforce.com
6 107 (0.91%) Atlassian
7 98 (0.83%) Red Hat
7 98 (0.83%) VMware
8 96 (0.81%) Apple
9 88 (0.74%) New Relic
10 87 (0.74%) ServiceNow
11 78 (0.66%) Samsung
12 71 (0.60%) AppDynamics
13 70 (0.59%) Dell
13 70 (0.59%) MuleSoft
14 66 (0.56%) Facebook
15 60 (0.51%) Cisco
15 60 (0.51%) F5
16 58 (0.49%) Cloudera