Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
England > London
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 62 72 90
Rank change year-on-year +10 +18 +62
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 1,899 1,441 2,056
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 4.97% 4.13% 3.57%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.27% 4.40% 3.84%
Number of salaries quoted 1,080 1,253 1,658
10th Percentile £46,250 £45,050 £46,250
25th Percentile £55,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £77,500 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year -3.23% +6.90% +7.41%
75th Percentile £90,000 £100,000 £91,250
90th Percentile £110,000 £126,250 £112,500
England median annual salary £65,000 £67,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year -3.70% +3.85% +8.33%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 36,003 32,760 53,562
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 94.30% 93.84% 93.03%
Number of salaries quoted 25,547 26,665 43,758
10th Percentile £42,500 £39,000 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £102,500 £97,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in London

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in London.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in London

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in London over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in London

Artificial Intelligence
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the London region over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +8 234 £70,000 -6.67% 82
West London +10 42 £80,000 +23.08% 29
South London -12 20 £57,500 -4.17% 3
North London +14 1 £25,000 -54.55% 1
East London +6 1 £70,000 +40.08% 13
Artificial Intelligence
England

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 1,001 (52.71%) Python
2 845 (44.50%) Machine Learning
3 721 (37.97%) Agile Software Development
4 672 (35.39%) AWS
5 601 (31.65%) Data Science
6 576 (30.33%) Software Engineering
7 543 (28.59%) Analytics
8 496 (26.12%) Docker
9 491 (25.86%) JavaScript
10 471 (24.80%) Big Data
11 468 (24.64%) SQL
12 451 (23.75%) Finance
13 440 (23.17%) Azure
14 437 (23.01%) Kubernetes
15 420 (22.12%) GCP
16 373 (19.64%) Social Skills
17 327 (17.22%) DevOps
17 327 (17.22%) Java
18 315 (16.59%) Microservices
19 282 (14.85%) Degree
20 273 (14.38%) React
21 268 (14.11%) Node.js
22 254 (13.38%) NoSQL
23 252 (13.27%) TypeScript
24 248 (13.06%) Computer Science
25 236 (12.43%) Google
26 233 (12.27%) User Experience
27 231 (12.16%) Terraform
28 225 (11.85%) CSS
29 220 (11.59%) Algorithms

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 216 (11.37%) Apache Spark
2 131 (6.90%) Elasticsearch
3 55 (2.90%) Apache Airflow
4 50 (2.63%) Apache
5 31 (1.63%) Confluence
6 30 (1.58%) SAS
7 16 (0.84%) nginx
8 14 (0.74%) Tomcat
9 12 (0.63%) Gunicorn
10 10 (0.53%) IBM Domino
11 6 (0.32%) IIS
11 6 (0.32%) Jupyter
12 3 (0.16%) CMS
12 3 (0.16%) SharePoint
12 3 (0.16%) WordPress
13 2 (0.11%) Appian
13 2 (0.11%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 1 (0.053%) Apache Pulsar
14 1 (0.053%) Headless CMS
14 1 (0.053%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 37 (1.95%) Chatbot
2 34 (1.79%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.47%) SPSS
4 8 (0.42%) Figma
4 8 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.42%) SOLIDWORKS
5 7 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.32%) Sketch
7 4 (0.21%) Adobe XD
8 3 (0.16%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.16%) Quicktime
9 2 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.11%) MS Visio
10 1 (0.053%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 10 (0.53%) Primavera
2 9 (0.47%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 7 (0.37%) FINCAD Analytics
4 5 (0.26%) Loan IQ
5 4 (0.21%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
6 3 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
7 2 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.053%) Distributed Ledger
8 1 (0.053%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.053%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 672 (35.39%) AWS
2 440 (23.17%) Azure
3 420 (22.12%) GCP
4 150 (7.90%) Serverless
5 136 (7.16%) SaaS
6 75 (3.95%) Amazon EMR
7 74 (3.90%) IBM Cloud
7 74 (3.90%) Power Platform
8 69 (3.63%) Snowflake
9 61 (3.21%) AWS Lambda
10 52 (2.74%) GitHub
11 45 (2.37%) Amazon S3
12 39 (2.05%) Cloud Functions
12 39 (2.05%) PaaS
13 36 (1.90%) Google Compute Engine
14 34 (1.79%) Google App Engine
15 30 (1.58%) Amazon SQS
15 30 (1.58%) Google Container Engine
15 30 (1.58%) Heroku
16 27 (1.42%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 31 (1.63%) HTTP
2 30 (1.58%) Broadband
3 24 (1.26%) 5G
4 12 (0.63%) Firewall
4 12 (0.63%) Network Security
5 10 (0.53%) Internet
6 6 (0.32%) 4G
6 6 (0.32%) SSH
7 3 (0.16%) DSL
7 3 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
8 2 (0.11%) Bluetooth
8 2 (0.11%) MQTT
8 2 (0.11%) NFC
8 2 (0.11%) RFID
8 2 (0.11%) WAN
9 1 (0.053%) LAN
9 1 (0.053%) NAS
9 1 (0.053%) PSTN
9 1 (0.053%) Reverse Proxy
9 1 (0.053%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 471 (24.80%) Big Data
2 254 (13.38%) NoSQL
3 192 (10.11%) PostgreSQL
4 175 (9.22%) Hadoop
5 121 (6.37%) MongoDB
6 110 (5.79%) Neo4j
7 97 (5.11%) Data Warehouse
8 94 (4.95%) Relational Database
9 91 (4.79%) Redis
10 86 (4.53%) Amazon Redshift
11 78 (4.11%) Amazon Athena
12 72 (3.79%) Electronic Patient Records
13 66 (3.48%) Tableau
14 65 (3.42%) Power BI
14 65 (3.42%) SQL Server
15 63 (3.32%) MySQL
16 47 (2.47%) GIS
17 42 (2.21%) Data Lake
18 37 (1.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 35 (1.84%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 164 (8.64%) Git (software)
2 151 (7.95%) Jenkins
3 86 (4.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 82 (4.32%) Vagrant
5 76 (4.00%) JIRA
6 62 (3.26%) Cypress.io
7 39 (2.05%) CircleCI
8 32 (1.69%) webpack
9 29 (1.53%) Bitbucket
10 22 (1.16%) Mocha
11 20 (1.05%) gulp
12 17 (0.90%) Maven
13 16 (0.84%) GitLab
13 16 (0.84%) Jasmine
14 12 (0.63%) Babel
14 12 (0.63%) Octopus Deploy
14 12 (0.63%) Sinon.JS
14 12 (0.63%) SpecFlow
15 10 (0.53%) Cucumber
15 10 (0.53%) TeamCity
General
1 451 (23.75%) Finance
2 373 (19.64%) Social Skills
3 147 (7.74%) Banking
4 118 (6.21%) Marketing
5 117 (6.16%) Games
6 95 (5.00%) Telecoms
7 94 (4.95%) Retail
8 91 (4.79%) Analytical Skills
9 65 (3.42%) Legal
10 59 (3.11%) Investment Banking
11 55 (2.90%) Presentation Skills
12 51 (2.69%) Front Office
13 44 (2.32%) Law
13 44 (2.32%) Public Sector
14 40 (2.11%) Electronics
15 39 (2.05%) Manufacturing
16 35 (1.84%) Financial Institution
17 30 (1.58%) Advertising
18 24 (1.26%) Influencing Skills
19 23 (1.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 504 (26.54%) Developer
2 195 (10.27%) Software Engineer
3 190 (10.01%) Data Engineer
4 150 (7.90%) Architect
5 134 (7.06%) Senior Developer
6 115 (6.06%) Full Stack Developer
7 101 (5.32%) Consultant
8 98 (5.16%) Data Scientist
9 82 (4.32%) DevOps Engineer
10 79 (4.16%) Python Engineer
11 72 (3.79%) Senior Data Engineer
12 70 (3.69%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 69 (3.63%) Platform Engineer
14 63 (3.32%) Data Architect
15 58 (3.05%) React Developer
15 58 (3.05%) Solutions Architect
16 57 (3.00%) Senior Software Engineer
17 56 (2.95%) Java Developer
18 55 (2.90%) AWS Engineer
19 51 (2.69%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 273 (14.38%) React
2 268 (14.11%) Node.js
3 225 (11.85%) CSS
4 198 (10.43%) AngularJS
5 188 (9.90%) REST
6 182 (9.58%) HTML
7 118 (6.21%) Vue.js
8 116 (6.11%) Kafka
9 111 (5.85%) Web Services
10 108 (5.69%) .NET
11 106 (5.58%) Django
12 101 (5.32%) HTML5
13 99 (5.21%) GraphQL
14 98 (5.16%) TensorFlow
15 97 (5.11%) Redux
16 84 (4.42%) NumPy
17 81 (4.27%) RESTful
18 79 (4.16%) Spark Streaming
19 68 (3.58%) PyTorch
20 64 (3.37%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 233 (12.27%) User Experience
2 220 (11.59%) Algorithms
3 95 (5.00%) Hedge funds
4 76 (4.00%) Greenfield Project
5 72 (3.79%) Cloud Native
6 71 (3.74%) Data Structures
7 55 (2.90%) Self-Motivation
8 50 (2.63%) Fixed Income
8 50 (2.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 50 (2.63%) Hybrid Cloud
9 48 (2.53%) Equities
9 48 (2.53%) Mobile App
10 45 (2.37%) Derivative
10 45 (2.37%) Robotics
11 44 (2.32%) Blog
12 43 (2.26%) Social Media
13 37 (1.95%) Augmented Reality
14 33 (1.74%) Data Centre
15 29 (1.53%) Linux Command Line
16 28 (1.47%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 156 (8.21%) Linux
2 37 (1.95%) Unix
3 32 (1.69%) Apple iOS
4 28 (1.47%) Android
5 15 (0.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (0.68%) Embedded Linux
7 9 (0.47%) CentOS
8 5 (0.26%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.21%) Windows
10 1 (0.053%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.053%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.053%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 845 (44.50%) Machine Learning
2 721 (37.97%) Agile Software Development
3 601 (31.65%) Data Science
4 576 (30.33%) Software Engineering
5 543 (28.59%) Analytics
6 327 (17.22%) DevOps
7 315 (16.59%) Microservices
8 248 (13.06%) Computer Science
9 210 (11.06%) Continuous Integration
10 199 (10.48%) Data Engineering
11 195 (10.27%) Visualisation
12 185 (9.74%) Data Pipeline
13 178 (9.37%) Natural Language Processing
14 171 (9.00%) Problem-Solving
15 167 (8.79%) Test Automation
16 159 (8.37%) Mentoring
17 158 (8.32%) ETL
18 155 (8.16%) TDD
19 147 (7.74%) Project Management
20 144 (7.58%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,001 (52.71%) Python
2 491 (25.86%) JavaScript
3 468 (24.64%) SQL
4 327 (17.22%) Java
5 252 (13.27%) TypeScript
6 180 (9.48%) Go
7 171 (9.00%) C#
8 128 (6.74%) Scala
9 119 (6.27%) C++
10 92 (4.84%) C
11 73 (3.84%) R
12 61 (3.21%) Bash Shell
13 56 (2.95%) ES6
14 46 (2.42%) Kotlin
15 44 (2.32%) Ruby
16 38 (2.00%) PHP
17 37 (1.95%) Shell Script
18 32 (1.69%) Cython
19 19 (1.00%) PowerShell
20 16 (0.84%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 282 (14.85%) Degree
2 97 (5.11%) PhD
3 91 (4.79%) Computer Science Degree
4 40 (2.11%) Security Cleared
5 32 (1.69%) Master's Degree
6 26 (1.37%) SC Cleared
7 17 (0.90%) AWS Certification
8 11 (0.58%) BPSS Clearance
9 10 (0.53%) MBA
9 10 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
10 8 (0.42%) DV Cleared
11 4 (0.21%) TOGAF Certification
12 3 (0.16%) MPhil
13 2 (0.11%) CFA
13 2 (0.11%) CISM
13 2 (0.11%) CISSP
13 2 (0.11%) Postgraduate
14 1 (0.053%) ACCA
14 1 (0.053%) CRISC
14 1 (0.053%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 81 (4.27%) QA
2 46 (2.42%) Data Quality
3 27 (1.42%) GDPR
4 15 (0.79%) GRC
5 12 (0.63%) Dodd-Frank
5 12 (0.63%) EMIR
5 12 (0.63%) MiFID
6 10 (0.53%) Accessibility
7 7 (0.37%) HIPAA
7 7 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 7 (0.37%) WAI
8 4 (0.21%) ISO 13485
9 3 (0.16%) IEC 62304
9 3 (0.16%) PMO
10 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 1 (0.053%) IFRS
11 1 (0.053%) IFRS 9
11 1 (0.053%) ITGC
11 1 (0.053%) SLA
System Software
1 496 (26.12%) Docker
2 76 (4.00%) VirtualBox
3 9 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.32%) Ceph
5 2 (0.11%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.053%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 437 (23.01%) Kubernetes
2 231 (12.16%) Terraform
3 175 (9.22%) Ansible
4 92 (4.84%) Docker Swarm
5 53 (2.79%) Prometheus
6 42 (2.21%) Grafana
7 37 (1.95%) Puppet
8 27 (1.42%) Opscode Chef
9 11 (0.58%) Consul
9 11 (0.58%) Packer
10 8 (0.42%) Kustomize
10 8 (0.42%) Nagios
11 6 (0.32%) Galera Cluster
11 6 (0.32%) Graphite
11 6 (0.32%) Opsview
11 6 (0.32%) Salt
11 6 (0.32%) systemd
11 6 (0.32%) ZABBIX
12 5 (0.26%) Marathon
12 5 (0.26%) Mesos
Vendors
1 236 (12.43%) Google
2 94 (4.95%) Cloudera
3 82 (4.32%) IBM
4 79 (4.16%) Microsoft
5 77 (4.05%) Hortonworks
6 74 (3.90%) Talend
7 69 (3.63%) Informatica
8 41 (2.16%) Yahoo!
9 27 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
10 26 (1.37%) Databricks
11 21 (1.11%) Red Hat
12 20 (1.05%) SAP
13 18 (0.95%) YouTube
14 14 (0.74%) Adobe
14 14 (0.74%) Dell
14 14 (0.74%) Oracle
15 13 (0.68%) Facebook
15 13 (0.68%) Instagram
16 10 (0.53%) Autodesk
17 9 (0.47%) App Annie