Period
to 17 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
England > London
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 61 82 100
Rank change year-on-year +21 +18 +44
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 2,720 863 1,796
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 5.56% 4.10% 3.20%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.82% 4.36% 3.42%
Number of salaries quoted 1,257 769 1,504
10th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £45,000
25th Percentile £55,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.33% +3.45% +3.57%
75th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £93,750
90th Percentile £115,000 £117,750 £115,000
England median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% +4.17%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 46,719 19,793 52,476
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.44% 94.08% 93.49%
Number of salaries quoted 30,388 16,476 42,773
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £110,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £56,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +1.77% +7.62% +3.96%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in London

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in London.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in London

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in London over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in London

Artificial Intelligence
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the London region over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 276 £75,000 - 89
West London +24 139 £73,750 +5.36% 49
South London -6 28 £57,500 -4.17% 5
East London -23 5 £95,000 +90.11% 15
North London -8 3 £40,000 -15.79% 2
Artificial Intelligence
England

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 1,370 (50.37%) Python
2 1,176 (43.24%) Machine Learning
3 1,073 (39.45%) AWS
4 1,030 (37.87%) Agile Software Development
5 959 (35.26%) Data Science
6 872 (32.06%) Software Engineering
7 775 (28.49%) Analytics
8 720 (26.47%) Finance
9 700 (25.74%) SQL
10 682 (25.07%) JavaScript
11 639 (23.49%) GCP
12 632 (23.24%) Azure
13 605 (22.24%) React
14 576 (21.18%) Docker
15 573 (21.07%) Kubernetes
16 559 (20.55%) Java
17 558 (20.51%) Social Skills
18 555 (20.40%) Big Data
19 494 (18.16%) Microservices
20 418 (15.37%) DevOps
21 417 (15.33%) Full Stack Development
22 403 (14.82%) TypeScript
23 397 (14.60%) Node.js
24 378 (13.90%) Degree
25 368 (13.53%) User Experience
26 365 (13.42%) Algorithms
27 357 (13.13%) Visualisation
28 356 (13.09%) Computer Science
29 353 (12.98%) Serverless
30 352 (12.94%) Test Automation

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 241 (8.86%) Apache Spark
2 170 (6.25%) Elasticsearch
3 88 (3.24%) Apache Airflow
4 71 (2.61%) Apache
5 44 (1.62%) Confluence
6 24 (0.88%) Gunicorn
6 24 (0.88%) IBM Domino
7 16 (0.59%) nginx
8 12 (0.44%) SAS
8 12 (0.44%) SharePoint
8 12 (0.44%) Tomcat
9 11 (0.40%) Apache Pig
10 10 (0.37%) Appian
11 9 (0.33%) Tornado
12 8 (0.29%) IIS
13 6 (0.22%) Jupyter
14 4 (0.15%) SharePoint 2010
14 4 (0.15%) SharePoint 2013
15 3 (0.11%) CMS
15 3 (0.11%) WordPress
Applications
1 54 (1.99%) Chatbot
2 37 (1.36%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (0.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.40%) Figma
4 11 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
4 11 (0.40%) SOLIDWORKS
5 9 (0.33%) Photoshop
6 8 (0.29%) Adobe XD
6 8 (0.29%) Sketch
7 7 (0.26%) Adobe Illustrator
8 6 (0.22%) MS Visio
9 5 (0.18%) Fireworks
10 4 (0.15%) InfoPath
10 4 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.037%) OmniGraffle
11 1 (0.037%) Quicktime
Business Applications
1 10 (0.37%) Primavera
2 9 (0.33%) Adobe Campaign
3 4 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.15%) FINCAD Analytics
3 4 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (0.15%) Summit
4 3 (0.11%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
5 2 (0.074%) Actimize
5 2 (0.074%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.074%) SAP MDG
5 2 (0.074%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.037%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,073 (39.45%) AWS
2 639 (23.49%) GCP
3 632 (23.24%) Azure
4 353 (12.98%) Serverless
5 209 (7.68%) SaaS
6 208 (7.65%) AWS Lambda
7 126 (4.63%) Power Platform
8 125 (4.60%) Amazon ECS
9 124 (4.56%) Amazon EC2
10 82 (3.01%) Snowflake
11 79 (2.90%) GitHub
12 76 (2.79%) Amazon S3
13 66 (2.43%) Cloud Computing
14 57 (2.10%) Amazon EMR
15 51 (1.88%) IBM Cloud
16 43 (1.58%) AWS Step Functions
17 42 (1.54%) PaaS
18 41 (1.51%) Amazon SQS
19 38 (1.40%) Cloud Functions
20 33 (1.21%) Amazon SageMaker
Communications & Networking
1 90 (3.31%) Broadband
2 58 (2.13%) Internet
3 43 (1.58%) HTTP
4 41 (1.51%) 5G
5 15 (0.55%) Network Security
6 13 (0.48%) Firewall
6 13 (0.48%) SSH
7 12 (0.44%) 4G
8 5 (0.18%) Wireless
9 4 (0.15%) BGP
9 4 (0.15%) Cisco IOS
9 4 (0.15%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
9 4 (0.15%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
9 4 (0.15%) IOS XR
9 4 (0.15%) MPLS
9 4 (0.15%) WPA
10 3 (0.11%) DSL
10 3 (0.11%) FTP
10 3 (0.11%) Reverse Proxy
11 2 (0.074%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 555 (20.40%) Big Data
2 291 (10.70%) NoSQL
3 276 (10.15%) PostgreSQL
4 209 (7.68%) MongoDB
5 162 (5.96%) Hadoop
6 153 (5.63%) Amazon Athena
7 152 (5.59%) Relational Database
8 148 (5.44%) Data Warehouse
9 124 (4.56%) Tableau
10 109 (4.01%) Power BI
11 97 (3.57%) MySQL
12 96 (3.53%) Amazon Aurora
13 92 (3.38%) Redis
14 87 (3.20%) Neo4j
15 85 (3.13%) Amazon Redshift
16 76 (2.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 75 (2.76%) SQL Server
18 71 (2.61%) BigQuery
19 67 (2.46%) Blockchain
20 64 (2.35%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 260 (9.56%) Git (software)
2 154 (5.66%) Jenkins
3 147 (5.40%) JIRA
4 71 (2.61%) Cypress.io
5 67 (2.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 63 (2.32%) Vagrant
7 46 (1.69%) CircleCI
8 36 (1.32%) Bitbucket
9 35 (1.29%) webpack
10 33 (1.21%) Jasmine
11 31 (1.14%) Appium
12 27 (0.99%) Visual Studio
13 26 (0.96%) GitLab
14 25 (0.92%) Selenium
15 23 (0.85%) Cucumber
16 22 (0.81%) Maven
16 22 (0.81%) Octopus Deploy
16 22 (0.81%) SpecFlow
16 22 (0.81%) TeamCity
17 21 (0.77%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 720 (26.47%) Finance
2 558 (20.51%) Social Skills
3 270 (9.93%) Banking
4 188 (6.91%) Analytical Skills
5 160 (5.88%) Games
6 156 (5.74%) Retail
7 139 (5.11%) Marketing
8 125 (4.60%) Presentation Skills
9 92 (3.38%) Telecoms
10 87 (3.20%) Law
11 69 (2.54%) Legal
12 61 (2.24%) Public Sector
13 56 (2.06%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 54 (1.99%) Influencing Skills
15 53 (1.95%) Pharmaceutical
16 49 (1.80%) Investment Banking
17 46 (1.69%) Manufacturing
18 39 (1.43%) Advertising
18 39 (1.43%) Front Office
19 36 (1.32%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 749 (27.54%) Developer
2 347 (12.76%) Software Engineer
3 240 (8.82%) Data Engineer
4 202 (7.43%) Architect
5 161 (5.92%) Senior Developer
6 158 (5.81%) AWS Engineer
7 155 (5.70%) Full Stack Developer
8 135 (4.96%) Consultant
9 126 (4.63%) AWS Software Engineer
10 121 (4.45%) Python Engineer
11 118 (4.34%) Data Scientist
12 116 (4.26%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 116 (4.26%) Machine Learning Engineer
13 108 (3.97%) Python Developer
14 92 (3.38%) AWS Developer
15 89 (3.27%) Java Engineer
16 87 (3.20%) Data Architect
17 82 (3.01%) Senior Data Engineer
18 79 (2.90%) Senior Software Engineer
19 74 (2.72%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 605 (22.24%) React
2 397 (14.60%) Node.js
3 283 (10.40%) CSS
3 283 (10.40%) REST
4 260 (9.56%) HTML
5 230 (8.46%) AngularJS
6 223 (8.20%) Web Services
7 211 (7.76%) Kafka
8 192 (7.06%) GraphQL
8 192 (7.06%) TensorFlow
9 176 (6.47%) Redux
10 171 (6.29%) Vue.js
11 170 (6.25%) PyTorch
12 165 (6.07%) .NET
13 131 (4.82%) HTML5
14 130 (4.78%) Django
15 118 (4.34%) RESTful
16 113 (4.15%) NumPy
17 112 (4.12%) gRPC
18 99 (3.64%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 368 (13.53%) User Experience
2 365 (13.42%) Algorithms
3 168 (6.18%) Hedge funds
4 120 (4.41%) Data Structures
5 112 (4.12%) Social Media
6 111 (4.08%) Pricing Data
7 97 (3.57%) Cloud Native
8 80 (2.94%) Greenfield Project
9 74 (2.72%) Self-Motivation
10 56 (2.06%) Mobile App
11 54 (1.99%) Blog
11 54 (1.99%) Robotics
12 50 (1.84%) Hybrid Cloud
13 47 (1.73%) Equities
14 46 (1.69%) Augmented Reality
15 45 (1.65%) Data Centre
15 45 (1.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 45 (1.65%) Linux Command Line
15 45 (1.65%) NHS
16 43 (1.58%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 219 (8.05%) Linux
2 62 (2.28%) Android
3 59 (2.17%) Unix
4 49 (1.80%) Apple iOS
5 15 (0.55%) Embedded Linux
6 9 (0.33%) Mesosphere
7 5 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.18%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.11%) DC/OS
8 3 (0.11%) Windows
9 2 (0.074%) Robot Operating System
10 1 (0.037%) CentOS
10 1 (0.037%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.037%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.037%) VMS
10 1 (0.037%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.037%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,176 (43.24%) Machine Learning
2 1,030 (37.87%) Agile Software Development
3 959 (35.26%) Data Science
4 872 (32.06%) Software Engineering
5 775 (28.49%) Analytics
6 494 (18.16%) Microservices
7 418 (15.37%) DevOps
8 417 (15.33%) Full Stack Development
9 357 (13.13%) Visualisation
10 356 (13.09%) Computer Science
11 352 (12.94%) Test Automation
12 341 (12.54%) Continuous Integration
13 330 (12.13%) Problem-Solving
14 278 (10.22%) Mentoring
15 248 (9.12%) Data Engineering
16 237 (8.71%) Scrum
17 222 (8.16%) Business Intelligence
17 222 (8.16%) Natural Language Processing
18 218 (8.01%) TDD
19 214 (7.87%) Data Pipeline
Programming Languages
1 1,370 (50.37%) Python
2 700 (25.74%) SQL
3 682 (25.07%) JavaScript
4 559 (20.55%) Java
5 403 (14.82%) TypeScript
6 235 (8.64%) Go
7 210 (7.72%) C#
8 187 (6.88%) C++
9 155 (5.70%) Scala
10 117 (4.30%) C
11 101 (3.71%) R
12 79 (2.90%) ES6
13 65 (2.39%) Kotlin
14 62 (2.28%) Bash Shell
15 61 (2.24%) Shell Script
16 52 (1.91%) Ruby
17 47 (1.73%) PHP
18 34 (1.25%) Erlang
19 29 (1.07%) Elixir
19 29 (1.07%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 378 (13.90%) Degree
2 97 (3.57%) Computer Science Degree
3 84 (3.09%) PhD
4 59 (2.17%) Security Cleared
5 55 (2.02%) Master's Degree
6 45 (1.65%) AWS Certification
7 24 (0.88%) SC Cleared
8 11 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
9 10 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
10 9 (0.33%) MBA
10 9 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
11 8 (0.29%) MCSA
11 8 (0.29%) Postgraduate
12 6 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
12 6 (0.22%) DV Cleared
13 5 (0.18%) Tableau Certification
14 4 (0.15%) CCNP
15 3 (0.11%) PMP
16 2 (0.074%) CISA
16 2 (0.074%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 208 (7.65%) QA
2 68 (2.50%) Data Quality
3 63 (2.32%) GDPR
4 27 (0.99%) GRC
5 22 (0.81%) Accessibility
6 11 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 10 (0.37%) Dodd-Frank
7 10 (0.37%) EMIR
7 10 (0.37%) MiFID
8 8 (0.29%) ISO 13485
9 7 (0.26%) HIPAA
9 7 (0.26%) IEC 62304
9 7 (0.26%) WAI
10 3 (0.11%) IFRS
10 3 (0.11%) IFRS 9
11 2 (0.074%) COREP
11 2 (0.074%) NIST
12 1 (0.037%) DICOM
12 1 (0.037%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 1 (0.037%) SEPA
System Software
1 576 (21.18%) Docker
2 56 (2.06%) VirtualBox
3 8 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (0.26%) Ceph
5 2 (0.074%) Firmware
5 2 (0.074%) HDFS
6 1 (0.037%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.037%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.037%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 573 (21.07%) Kubernetes
2 267 (9.82%) Terraform
3 158 (5.81%) Ansible
4 73 (2.68%) Docker Swarm
5 66 (2.43%) Prometheus
6 56 (2.06%) Puppet
7 50 (1.84%) Opscode Chef
8 34 (1.25%) Grafana
9 16 (0.59%) Kubeflow
10 14 (0.51%) Consul
10 14 (0.51%) Packer
11 11 (0.40%) Kustomize
12 9 (0.33%) Automic
12 9 (0.33%) Kibana
12 9 (0.33%) logstash
12 9 (0.33%) Oozie
13 8 (0.29%) Istio
14 7 (0.26%) Galera Cluster
14 7 (0.26%) Salt
15 6 (0.22%) Opsview
Vendors
1 313 (11.51%) Google
2 128 (4.71%) Microsoft
3 76 (2.79%) Cloudera
4 71 (2.61%) IBM
5 68 (2.50%) Hortonworks
6 58 (2.13%) Informatica
7 53 (1.95%) Talend
8 47 (1.73%) Oracle
9 38 (1.40%) Databricks
10 35 (1.29%) Dell
11 27 (0.99%) Yahoo!
12 26 (0.96%) Salesforce.com
12 26 (0.96%) YouTube
13 25 (0.92%) Adobe
14 22 (0.81%) Splunk
15 19 (0.70%) Alibaba
15 19 (0.70%) Instagram
15 19 (0.70%) SAP
16 17 (0.63%) Cognizant
17 16 (0.59%) Apple