Period
to 5 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 5 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
England > London
6 months to
5 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 86 76 95
Rank change year-on-year -10 +19 +65
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 1,053 2,045 2,162
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.70% 4.02% 3.45%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.95% 4.30% 3.71%
Number of salaries quoted 966 1,914 1,864
Median annual salary £72,500 £80,000 £72,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -9.38% +10.34% +7.41%
10th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £47,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £135,000 £115,000
England median annual salary £62,500 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year -3.85% - +8.33%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 26,684 47,580 58,278
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 93.70% 93.51% 92.87%
Number of salaries quoted 21,734 38,549 47,767
Median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £42,500 £37,500 £35,750
90th Percentile £103,750 £100,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in London

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in London.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in London

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in London over the 6 months to 5 March 2021.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in London

Artificial Intelligence
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the London region over the 6 months to 5 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +12 188 £70,000 -6.67% 83
West London +39 16 £70,000 +16.67% 46
East London +26 15 £57,500 +9.52% 22
South London +4 6 £52,500 -16.00% 2
Artificial Intelligence
England

For the 6 months to 5 March 2021, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 606 (57.55%) Python
2 523 (49.67%) Machine Learning
3 373 (35.42%) Agile Software Development
4 328 (31.15%) AWS
5 318 (30.20%) Data Science
6 316 (30.01%) Analytics
7 266 (25.26%) Finance
8 238 (22.60%) Azure
9 233 (22.13%) SQL
10 225 (21.37%) DevOps
11 221 (20.99%) Docker
12 207 (19.66%) GCP
13 202 (19.18%) Software Engineering
14 198 (18.80%) Big Data
15 195 (18.52%) Kubernetes
16 194 (18.42%) JavaScript
17 191 (18.14%) Java
18 158 (15.00%) Microservices
19 155 (14.72%) Degree
20 135 (12.82%) Computer Science
21 124 (11.78%) Natural Language Processing
22 115 (10.92%) Fintech
22 115 (10.92%) Banking
23 112 (10.64%) Algorithms
24 110 (10.45%) Node.js
25 107 (10.16%) Apache Spark
26 106 (10.07%) Mathematics
27 104 (9.88%) NoSQL
28 100 (9.50%) Go
28 100 (9.50%) Google

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 107 (10.16%) Apache Spark
2 38 (3.61%) Elasticsearch
3 28 (2.66%) SAS
4 26 (2.47%) Apache
5 16 (1.52%) Confluence
6 10 (0.95%) Apache Airflow
7 8 (0.76%) nginx
8 7 (0.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 7 (0.66%) SharePoint
9 5 (0.47%) CMS
9 5 (0.47%) WordPress
10 3 (0.28%) Headless CMS
10 3 (0.28%) Jupyter
10 3 (0.28%) MS Exchange
10 3 (0.28%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.19%) Anypoint
12 1 (0.095%) Apache Pig
12 1 (0.095%) Drupal
12 1 (0.095%) IBM Domino
12 1 (0.095%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 35 (3.32%) Chatbot
2 17 (1.61%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.85%) SPSS
4 3 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.19%) Quicktime
6 1 (0.095%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.095%) Figma
Business Applications
1 18 (1.71%) Loan IQ
2 12 (1.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 8 (0.76%) FINCAD Analytics
4 2 (0.19%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
4 2 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.19%) SAP Business One
5 1 (0.095%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.095%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.095%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 328 (31.15%) AWS
2 238 (22.60%) Azure
3 207 (19.66%) GCP
4 79 (7.50%) SaaS
5 72 (6.84%) Serverless
6 39 (3.70%) PaaS
7 35 (3.32%) Power Platform
8 24 (2.28%) Amazon EKS
9 23 (2.18%) AWS Lambda
10 18 (1.71%) GitHub
10 18 (1.71%) IBM Cloud
11 17 (1.61%) Amazon EMR
11 17 (1.61%) Azure Functions
12 16 (1.52%) Cloud Computing
13 14 (1.33%) Amazon S3
13 14 (1.33%) Azure Machine Learning
13 14 (1.33%) IaaS
14 13 (1.23%) Amazon EC2
15 11 (1.04%) Amazon SQS
16 10 (0.95%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 16 (1.52%) HTTP
2 11 (1.04%) Firewall
3 10 (0.95%) DNS
3 10 (0.95%) SSH
4 8 (0.76%) FTP
4 8 (0.76%) SMTP
5 7 (0.66%) Internet
5 7 (0.66%) NAS
6 5 (0.47%) Parlay
7 3 (0.28%) LAN
7 3 (0.28%) WAN
7 3 (0.28%) Wi-Fi
8 2 (0.19%) BGP
8 2 (0.19%) Bluetooth
8 2 (0.19%) DSL
8 2 (0.19%) Intranet
8 2 (0.19%) MPLS
8 2 (0.19%) RFID
8 2 (0.19%) Wireless
8 2 (0.19%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 198 (18.80%) Big Data
2 104 (9.88%) NoSQL
3 92 (8.74%) Hadoop
4 64 (6.08%) PostgreSQL
5 50 (4.75%) Tableau
6 45 (4.27%) SQL Server
7 38 (3.61%) Data Mining
7 38 (3.61%) MongoDB
8 34 (3.23%) Apache Hive
9 32 (3.04%) Power BI
10 27 (2.56%) Amazon Redshift
11 26 (2.47%) Neo4j
11 26 (2.47%) Relational Database
12 25 (2.37%) Redis
13 24 (2.28%) Blockchain
13 24 (2.28%) Data Warehouse
14 23 (2.18%) MySQL
15 19 (1.80%) Cosmos DB
15 19 (1.80%) Data Lake
16 18 (1.71%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 80 (7.60%) Git (software)
2 65 (6.17%) Jenkins
3 25 (2.37%) JIRA
4 21 (1.99%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 19 (1.80%) CircleCI
6 17 (1.61%) Vagrant
7 14 (1.33%) Mocha
8 9 (0.85%) webpack
9 8 (0.76%) Subversion
10 6 (0.57%) JUnit
11 5 (0.47%) Bitbucket
11 5 (0.47%) GitLab
12 4 (0.38%) Cypress.io
12 4 (0.38%) git-flow
12 4 (0.38%) Maven
12 4 (0.38%) Octopus Deploy
12 4 (0.38%) TeamCity
13 3 (0.28%) Appium
13 3 (0.28%) NUnit
13 3 (0.28%) Protractor
General
1 266 (25.26%) Finance
2 115 (10.92%) Banking
3 75 (7.12%) Marketing
4 63 (5.98%) Games
5 53 (5.03%) Telecoms
6 52 (4.94%) Investment Banking
7 51 (4.84%) Legal
8 41 (3.89%) Public Sector
9 37 (3.51%) Front Office
10 36 (3.42%) Retail
11 34 (3.23%) Manufacturing
12 33 (3.13%) Law
13 24 (2.28%) Advertising
14 23 (2.18%) Electronics
15 14 (1.33%) Financial Institution
16 9 (0.85%) Brand Awareness
17 7 (0.66%) Publishing
18 6 (0.57%) Automotive
19 5 (0.47%) iGaming
19 5 (0.47%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 248 (23.55%) Developer
2 91 (8.64%) Architect
3 89 (8.45%) Data Engineer
4 74 (7.03%) Senior Developer
4 74 (7.03%) Solutions Architect
5 73 (6.93%) Software Engineer
6 71 (6.74%) Data Scientist
7 70 (6.65%) DevOps Engineer
8 59 (5.60%) Python Engineer
9 53 (5.03%) Consultant
10 48 (4.56%) Full Stack Developer
11 43 (4.08%) Python Developer
12 38 (3.61%) Machine Learning Engineer
13 35 (3.32%) Java Developer
14 32 (3.04%) AWS Engineer
15 28 (2.66%) React Developer
15 28 (2.66%) Senior Data Engineer
16 27 (2.56%) Platform Engineer
16 27 (2.56%) Senior DevOps
16 27 (2.56%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 124 (11.78%) Natural Language Processing
2 110 (10.45%) Node.js
3 94 (8.93%) TensorFlow
4 91 (8.64%) React
5 84 (7.98%) CSS
6 83 (7.88%) AngularJS
7 67 (6.36%) HTML
8 65 (6.17%) Kafka
9 63 (5.98%) REST
10 53 (5.03%) .NET
11 51 (4.84%) PyTorch
12 42 (3.99%) Web Services
13 38 (3.61%) Vue.js
14 36 (3.42%) Django
15 35 (3.32%) Redux
16 34 (3.23%) HTML5
16 34 (3.23%) scikit-learn
17 33 (3.13%) GraphQL
17 33 (3.13%) RESTful
18 32 (3.04%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 112 (10.64%) Algorithms
2 67 (6.36%) Greenfield Project
3 65 (6.17%) Analytical Skills
4 63 (5.98%) Hedge funds
5 46 (4.37%) User Experience
6 45 (4.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 42 (3.99%) Equities
8 35 (3.32%) Data Structures
9 33 (3.13%) Fixed Income
10 32 (3.04%) Derivative
11 31 (2.94%) Cloud Native
12 30 (2.85%) Robotics
13 26 (2.47%) Mobile App
13 26 (2.47%) Virtual Team
14 24 (2.28%) Online Games
15 18 (1.71%) Blog
16 17 (1.61%) Hybrid Cloud
17 15 (1.42%) Data Centre
17 15 (1.42%) FMCG
18 14 (1.33%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 75 (7.12%) Linux
2 16 (1.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 14 (1.33%) Android
4 12 (1.14%) Apple iOS
5 6 (0.57%) CentOS
6 5 (0.47%) Windows
7 4 (0.38%) Unix
8 3 (0.28%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.28%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 523 (49.67%) Machine Learning
2 373 (35.42%) Agile Software Development
3 318 (30.20%) Data Science
4 316 (30.01%) Analytics
5 225 (21.37%) DevOps
6 202 (19.18%) Software Engineering
7 158 (15.00%) Microservices
8 135 (12.82%) Computer Science
9 115 (10.92%) Fintech
10 106 (10.07%) Mathematics
11 91 (8.64%) Data Analytics
11 91 (8.64%) Problem-Solving
12 89 (8.45%) Data Engineering
13 82 (7.79%) Deep Learning
13 82 (7.79%) Open Source
14 77 (7.31%) Business Intelligence
15 67 (6.36%) Asset Management
15 67 (6.36%) Stakeholder Management
16 66 (6.27%) TDD
17 64 (6.08%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 606 (57.55%) Python
2 233 (22.13%) SQL
3 194 (18.42%) JavaScript
4 191 (18.14%) Java
5 100 (9.50%) Go
6 87 (8.26%) C#
7 80 (7.60%) TypeScript
8 76 (7.22%) R
9 67 (6.36%) Scala
10 63 (5.98%) C++
11 53 (5.03%) Bash Shell
12 40 (3.80%) C
13 28 (2.66%) ES6
14 24 (2.28%) PHP
15 22 (2.09%) Kotlin
16 15 (1.42%) Ruby
17 11 (1.04%) Clojure
17 11 (1.04%) Cython
17 11 (1.04%) PowerShell
18 10 (0.95%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 155 (14.72%) Degree
2 86 (8.17%) PhD
3 43 (4.08%) Computer Science Degree
4 32 (3.04%) Master's Degree
5 26 (2.47%) Security Cleared
6 18 (1.71%) SC Cleared
7 12 (1.14%) Numerate Degree
8 10 (0.95%) AWS Certification
9 9 (0.85%) MPhil
10 6 (0.57%) DV Cleared
11 5 (0.47%) TOGAF Certification
12 4 (0.38%) CCNA
12 4 (0.38%) CCNP
12 4 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (0.38%) MBA
13 3 (0.28%) CFA
13 3 (0.28%) CISM
13 3 (0.28%) CISSP
14 1 (0.095%) ACCA
14 1 (0.095%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (4.65%) QA
2 31 (2.94%) Dodd-Frank
2 31 (2.94%) EMIR
2 31 (2.94%) MiFID
3 25 (2.37%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.38%) GDPR
5 3 (0.28%) PMO
5 3 (0.28%) WCAG
6 2 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.19%) ITGC
7 1 (0.095%) GAMP
7 1 (0.095%) Good Clinical Practice
7 1 (0.095%) ISO 13485
7 1 (0.095%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.095%) SLA
System Software
1 221 (20.99%) Docker
2 17 (1.61%) VirtualBox
3 11 (1.04%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (0.76%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.095%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.095%) Firmware
6 1 (0.095%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 195 (18.52%) Kubernetes
2 99 (9.40%) Terraform
3 70 (6.65%) Ansible
4 25 (2.37%) Prometheus
5 20 (1.90%) Grafana
6 17 (1.61%) Docker Swarm
6 17 (1.61%) Puppet
7 9 (0.85%) Marathon
7 9 (0.85%) Mesos
8 6 (0.57%) Kibana
9 4 (0.38%) systemd
10 3 (0.28%) Opscode Chef
11 2 (0.19%) Istio
11 2 (0.19%) Nagios
11 2 (0.19%) Pingdom
12 1 (0.095%) AssetCenter
12 1 (0.095%) Icinga
12 1 (0.095%) SCCM
12 1 (0.095%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 100 (9.50%) Google
2 50 (4.75%) Microsoft
3 27 (2.56%) Cloudera
3 27 (2.56%) Databricks
4 23 (2.18%) SAP
5 21 (1.99%) Red Hat
5 21 (1.99%) Talend
6 20 (1.90%) IBM
6 20 (1.90%) Salesforce.com
7 18 (1.71%) Murex
8 17 (1.61%) Hortonworks
9 13 (1.23%) Informatica
10 12 (1.14%) Oracle
11 11 (1.04%) Yahoo!
12 9 (0.85%) App Annie
12 9 (0.85%) Facebook
12 9 (0.85%) VMware
13 8 (0.76%) Twitter
14 7 (0.66%) Atlassian
14 7 (0.66%) Rackspace