Period
to 15 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 15 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
England > London
6 months to
15 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 11 20 20
Rank change year-on-year +9 0 +7
Permanent jobs citing Python 8,539 7,553 6,834
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 12.56% 10.22% 8.90%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.93% 18.53% 16.34%
Number of salaries quoted 6,889 6,077 6,032
London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £37,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £100,000 £93,750
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 38,944 40,768 41,830
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 57.30% 55.15% 54.48%
Number of salaries quoted 32,217 32,173 36,805
London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £86,250
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python in London.

Salary trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 15 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Python in London

Python
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 15 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 1,667 £70,000 +7.69% 400
West London -4 225 £55,000 - 203
South London +23 111 £58,750 +17.50% 30
East London +16 97 £77,500 +25.00% 73
North London +14 18 £60,000 +14.29% 13
Python
England

For the 6 months to 15 October 2018, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 3,195 (37.42%) Java
2 2,804 (32.84%) Linux
3 2,686 (31.46%) Finance
4 2,614 (30.61%) SQL
5 2,584 (30.26%) Amazon AWS
6 2,559 (29.97%) Agile Software Development
7 2,362 (27.66%) DevOps
8 1,885 (22.08%) Docker
9 1,694 (19.84%) JavaScript
10 1,540 (18.03%) C++
11 1,503 (17.60%) Degree
12 1,437 (16.83%) C#
13 1,421 (16.64%) Big Data
14 1,415 (16.57%) Machine Learning
15 1,405 (16.45%) Ansible
16 1,371 (16.06%) Analytics
17 1,364 (15.97%) Software Engineering
18 1,339 (15.68%) Computer Science
19 1,320 (15.46%) Bash Shell
20 1,252 (14.66%) Ruby
21 1,232 (14.43%) Data Science
22 1,186 (13.89%) Microsoft Azure
23 1,181 (13.83%) Jenkins
24 1,122 (13.14%) Problem-Solving
25 1,121 (13.13%) Puppet
26 1,063 (12.45%) Continuous Integration
27 1,050 (12.30%) Git (software)
28 1,044 (12.23%) Banking
28 1,044 (12.23%) Perl
29 1,029 (12.05%) Kubernetes

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 863 (10.11%) Apache Spark
2 456 (5.34%) Apache
3 445 (5.21%) Elasticsearch
4 216 (2.53%) Tomcat
5 206 (2.41%) SAS
6 160 (1.87%) OpenStack
7 153 (1.79%) nginx
8 152 (1.78%) Confluence
9 107 (1.25%) Apache Pig
10 103 (1.21%) Ethereum
11 68 (0.80%) WebSphere
12 67 (0.78%) Apache Solr
13 66 (0.77%) IIS
14 48 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
15 43 (0.50%) CMS
16 42 (0.49%) WebLogic
17 37 (0.43%) SharePoint
17 37 (0.43%) WordPress
18 35 (0.41%) Apache Airflow
19 25 (0.29%) Jupyter
Applications
1 103 (1.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 78 (0.91%) Microsoft Office
3 63 (0.74%) SPSS
4 38 (0.45%) Chatbot
5 31 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 24 (0.28%) MS Visio
7 11 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
8 9 (0.11%) Stata
9 8 (0.094%) GNU Octave
10 6 (0.070%) Photoshop
11 4 (0.047%) InVision
11 4 (0.047%) Maya
12 3 (0.035%) CPLEX
13 2 (0.023%) Adobe After Effects
13 2 (0.023%) Houdini
13 2 (0.023%) NUKE
13 2 (0.023%) Snapchat
14 1 (0.012%) Mingle
14 1 (0.012%) OrCAD
14 1 (0.012%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 54 (0.63%) Distributed Ledger
2 49 (0.57%) thinkFolio
3 26 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
4 20 (0.23%) Ripple
5 13 (0.15%) Magento
6 8 (0.094%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 8 (0.094%) SunGard GMI
7 7 (0.082%) Odoo
7 7 (0.082%) Oracle Payables
7 7 (0.082%) Oracle Receivables
8 6 (0.070%) Payment Gateway
8 6 (0.070%) Sentinel
9 5 (0.059%) Actimize
9 5 (0.059%) LatentZero
9 5 (0.059%) Remedy ITSM
9 5 (0.059%) SAP Hybris
10 4 (0.047%) Documaker
10 4 (0.047%) FastStats PeopleStage
10 4 (0.047%) Relativity
10 4 (0.047%) Rolfe and Nolan
Cloud Services
1 2,584 (30.26%) Amazon AWS
2 1,186 (13.89%) Microsoft Azure
3 683 (8.00%) Google Cloud Platform
4 311 (3.64%) SaaS
5 309 (3.62%) Serverless
6 291 (3.41%) AWS CloudFormation
7 256 (3.00%) GitHub
8 253 (2.96%) Amazon EC2
9 217 (2.54%) Amazon S3
10 209 (2.45%) AWS Lambda
11 201 (2.35%) Cloud Computing
12 171 (2.00%) PaaS
13 157 (1.84%) IaaS
14 93 (1.09%) OpenShift
15 92 (1.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 91 (1.07%) Office 365
17 88 (1.03%) Amazon EMR
18 72 (0.84%) Amazon ELB
19 71 (0.83%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 60 (0.70%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 386 (4.52%) Firewall
2 259 (3.03%) DNS
3 257 (3.01%) TCP/IP
4 208 (2.44%) HTTP
5 148 (1.73%) Internet
6 135 (1.58%) VPN
7 100 (1.17%) BGP
8 93 (1.09%) SSL
9 87 (1.02%) DHCP
10 86 (1.01%) WAN
11 81 (0.95%) LAN
12 65 (0.76%) Wireless
13 62 (0.73%) OSPF
14 59 (0.69%) Network Security
15 57 (0.67%) SAN
16 52 (0.61%) Intrusion Detection
17 43 (0.50%) Multicast
17 43 (0.50%) SMTP
18 38 (0.45%) SSH
19 34 (0.40%) EIGRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,421 (16.64%) Big Data
2 924 (10.82%) Hadoop
3 811 (9.50%) NoSQL
4 725 (8.49%) SQL Server
5 678 (7.94%) MySQL
6 666 (7.80%) PostgreSQL
7 587 (6.87%) Relational Database
8 470 (5.50%) MongoDB
9 367 (4.30%) Apache Hive
10 339 (3.97%) Blockchain
11 331 (3.88%) Data Warehouse
12 307 (3.60%) Apache Cassandra
13 252 (2.95%) Amazon Redshift
14 233 (2.73%) Redis
15 196 (2.30%) Power BI
16 191 (2.24%) HBase
17 175 (2.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 158 (1.85%) RDBMS
19 149 (1.74%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 142 (1.66%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,181 (13.83%) Jenkins
2 1,050 (12.30%) Git (software)
3 429 (5.02%) JIRA
4 338 (3.96%) TeamCity
5 335 (3.92%) Selenium
6 315 (3.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 315 (3.69%) Maven
7 232 (2.72%) Subversion
8 201 (2.35%) Octopus Deploy
8 201 (2.35%) Vagrant
9 153 (1.79%) Cucumber
10 119 (1.39%) JUnit
11 109 (1.28%) GitLab
12 102 (1.19%) Gradle
13 99 (1.16%) Sonatype Nexus
14 95 (1.11%) Hudson
15 87 (1.02%) Bitbucket
15 87 (1.02%) Visual Studio
16 85 (1.00%) Travis CI
17 77 (0.90%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 2,686 (31.46%) Finance
2 1,044 (12.23%) Banking
3 545 (6.38%) Front Office
4 503 (5.89%) Investment Banking
5 313 (3.67%) Marketing
6 311 (3.64%) Financial Institution
7 298 (3.49%) Retail
8 228 (2.67%) Games
9 161 (1.89%) Telecoms
10 156 (1.83%) Advertising
11 152 (1.78%) Law
12 101 (1.18%) Electronics
13 74 (0.87%) Publishing
14 69 (0.81%) Manufacturing
15 63 (0.74%) Legal
16 54 (0.63%) Back Office
16 54 (0.63%) French Language
17 47 (0.55%) German Language
18 45 (0.53%) Italian Language
19 34 (0.40%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 2,701 (31.63%) Developer
2 1,077 (12.61%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,066 (12.48%) Python Developer
4 608 (7.12%) Senior Developer
5 574 (6.72%) Data Scientist
6 535 (6.27%) Data Engineer
7 458 (5.36%) Software Engineer
8 457 (5.35%) Analyst
9 455 (5.33%) Python Engineer
10 451 (5.28%) Java Developer
11 326 (3.82%) Linux Engineer
12 323 (3.78%) AWS Engineer
13 297 (3.48%) Architect
14 284 (3.33%) Cloud Engineer
15 251 (2.94%) AWS DevOps
16 250 (2.93%) Junior
17 237 (2.78%) Consultant
18 236 (2.76%) Senior Python Developer
19 225 (2.63%) Senior DevOps
20 223 (2.61%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 753 (8.82%) HTML
2 711 (8.33%) .NET
3 665 (7.79%) Node.js
4 662 (7.75%) Web Services
5 612 (7.17%) AngularJS
6 593 (6.94%) Django
7 586 (6.86%) React
8 542 (6.35%) CSS
9 487 (5.70%) Kafka
10 437 (5.12%) REST
11 381 (4.46%) Natural Language Processing
12 322 (3.77%) Flask
13 320 (3.75%) RESTful
14 299 (3.50%) RabbitMQ
15 296 (3.47%) Spring
16 292 (3.42%) Pandas
17 266 (3.12%) NumPy
18 244 (2.86%) HTML5
18 244 (2.86%) XML
19 235 (2.75%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 1,339 (15.68%) Computer Science
2 910 (10.66%) Analytical Skills
3 838 (9.81%) Fintech
4 751 (8.79%) Algorithms
5 475 (5.56%) Hedge funds
6 365 (4.27%) Derivative
7 359 (4.20%) Greenfield Project
8 358 (4.19%) Equities
9 355 (4.16%) Fixed Income
10 324 (3.79%) Data Structures
11 303 (3.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 275 (3.22%) Self-Motivation
13 232 (2.72%) Data Centre
14 224 (2.62%) Cyberthreat
15 222 (2.60%) User Experience
16 203 (2.38%) Public Cloud
17 192 (2.25%) Linux Command Line
18 190 (2.23%) Management Information System
19 150 (1.76%) Enterprise Software
20 131 (1.53%) Bitcoin
Operating Systems
1 2,804 (32.84%) Linux
2 921 (10.79%) Windows
3 845 (9.90%) Unix
4 308 (3.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 278 (3.26%) CentOS
6 229 (2.68%) Ubuntu
7 159 (1.86%) Windows Server
8 117 (1.37%) Android
9 94 (1.10%) Apple iOS
10 91 (1.07%) Debian
11 90 (1.05%) Solaris
12 53 (0.62%) Fedora
13 52 (0.61%) CoreOS
14 50 (0.59%) Mac OS X
15 39 (0.46%) SUSE
16 36 (0.42%) VMS
17 32 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
18 25 (0.29%) AIX
19 24 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
20 20 (0.23%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,559 (29.97%) Agile Software Development
2 2,362 (27.66%) DevOps
3 1,415 (16.57%) Machine Learning
4 1,371 (16.06%) Analytics
5 1,364 (15.97%) Software Engineering
6 1,232 (14.43%) Data Science
7 1,122 (13.14%) Problem-Solving
8 1,063 (12.45%) Continuous Integration
9 964 (11.29%) Mathematics
10 836 (9.79%) TDD
11 820 (9.60%) Test Automation
12 784 (9.18%) Microservices
13 767 (8.98%) Artificial Intelligence
14 765 (8.96%) Open Source
15 714 (8.36%) Configuration Management
16 613 (7.18%) Scrum
17 536 (6.28%) ETL
18 511 (5.98%) OO
19 508 (5.95%) Business Intelligence
20 494 (5.79%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 3,195 (37.42%) Java
2 2,614 (30.61%) SQL
3 1,694 (19.84%) JavaScript
4 1,540 (18.03%) C++
5 1,437 (16.83%) C#
6 1,320 (15.46%) Bash Shell
7 1,252 (14.66%) Ruby
8 1,044 (12.23%) Perl
9 928 (10.87%) R
10 906 (10.61%) Scala
11 717 (8.40%) Go
12 665 (7.79%) PowerShell
13 547 (6.41%) C
14 515 (6.03%) PHP
15 326 (3.82%) Shell Script
16 173 (2.03%) MATLAB
17 172 (2.01%) T-SQL
18 160 (1.87%) Korn
19 136 (1.59%) ES6
20 134 (1.57%) VBA
Qualifications
1 1,503 (17.60%) Degree
2 508 (5.95%) PhD
3 489 (5.73%) Computer Science Degree
4 216 (2.53%) Master's Degree
5 167 (1.96%) Numerate Degree
6 140 (1.64%) Security Cleared
7 104 (1.22%) AWS Certification
8 93 (1.09%) Cisco Certification
9 72 (0.84%) SC Cleared
10 71 (0.83%) DV Cleared
11 69 (0.81%) CISSP
12 64 (0.75%) CCNP
13 61 (0.71%) MPhil
14 60 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
15 52 (0.61%) RHCE
16 51 (0.60%) CCNA
17 36 (0.42%) GIAC
18 35 (0.41%) OSCP
19 31 (0.36%) SANS
20 28 (0.33%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 522 (6.11%) QA
2 89 (1.04%) Data Quality
3 43 (0.50%) PCI DSS
4 35 (0.41%) GDPR
5 30 (0.35%) SLA
6 26 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 21 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 20 (0.23%) MiFID
9 16 (0.19%) SAS 70
10 9 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
11 8 (0.094%) EMIR
11 8 (0.094%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 6 (0.070%) Solvency II
13 4 (0.047%) COBIT
13 4 (0.047%) FATCA
13 4 (0.047%) GxP
13 4 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 4 (0.047%) PMO
14 3 (0.035%) NIST 800
14 3 (0.035%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,885 (22.08%) Docker
2 248 (2.90%) VMware Infrastructure
3 167 (1.96%) Active Directory
4 154 (1.80%) HDFS
5 104 (1.22%) Hyper-V
6 90 (1.05%) Virtual Machines
7 86 (1.01%) Apache Flume
8 51 (0.60%) KVM
8 51 (0.60%) vSphere
9 48 (0.56%) VirtualBox
10 38 (0.45%) NFS
10 38 (0.45%) VMware ESXi
11 32 (0.37%) iptables
12 23 (0.27%) VMware NSX
13 22 (0.26%) Samba
14 21 (0.25%) Virtual Desktop
15 19 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 19 (0.22%) Xen
16 18 (0.21%) Snort
17 14 (0.16%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 1,405 (16.45%) Ansible
2 1,121 (13.13%) Puppet
3 1,029 (12.05%) Kubernetes
4 898 (10.52%) Opscode Chef
5 715 (8.37%) Terraform
6 270 (3.16%) Salt
7 196 (2.30%) Nagios
8 149 (1.74%) Docker Swarm
9 134 (1.57%) ZABBIX
10 124 (1.45%) Packer
11 119 (1.39%) Prometheus
12 105 (1.23%) Grafana
13 98 (1.15%) Kibana
14 83 (0.97%) Mesos
15 77 (0.90%) Consul
15 77 (0.90%) Oozie
16 74 (0.87%) Graphite
17 67 (0.78%) Hadoop YARN
18 66 (0.77%) logstash
19 43 (0.50%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 758 (8.88%) Google
2 580 (6.79%) Oracle
3 538 (6.30%) Microsoft
4 454 (5.32%) Red Hat
5 393 (4.60%) Tableau
6 355 (4.16%) VMware
7 218 (2.55%) Splunk
8 189 (2.21%) Cloudera
9 172 (2.01%) Cisco
10 168 (1.97%) SAP
11 151 (1.77%) IBM
12 123 (1.44%) Sybase
13 117 (1.37%) Hortonworks
14 105 (1.23%) Informatica
15 91 (1.07%) New Relic
15 91 (1.07%) Talend
16 87 (1.02%) SaltStack
17 77 (0.90%) Atlassian
18 76 (0.89%) MapR
19 75 (0.88%) Bloomberg