Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
England > London
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 7 9
Rank change year-on-year 0 +2 +5
Permanent jobs citing Python 9,177 5,294 8,687
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 20.48% 18.01% 15.11%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.28% 30.99% 26.96%
Number of salaries quoted 5,736 4,358 7,226
10th Percentile £47,500 £43,750 £42,500
25th Percentile £58,711 £57,500 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £75,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.33% +7.14% +3.70%
75th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £90,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £118,750 £110,000
England median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% +4.17%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 27,578 17,081 32,221
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 61.56% 58.11% 56.06%
Number of salaries quoted 17,542 14,231 27,409
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
25th Percentile £55,000 £52,500 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £105,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Salary trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in London

Python
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -4 1,148 £77,500 +6.90% 463
West London -1 301 £65,000 - 115
South London +6 160 £60,000 -7.69% 17
East London -12 33 £75,000 +15.38% 95
North London -7 2 £45,522 -17.23% 6
Python
England

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 4,191 (45.67%) AWS
2 3,106 (33.85%) Agile Software Development
3 2,968 (32.34%) SQL
4 2,941 (32.05%) Finance
5 2,879 (31.37%) Java
6 2,810 (30.62%) Software Engineering
7 2,592 (28.24%) Docker
8 2,388 (26.02%) JavaScript
9 2,317 (25.25%) Kubernetes
10 2,277 (24.81%) DevOps
11 1,993 (21.72%) GCP
12 1,920 (20.92%) Azure
13 1,890 (20.59%) Analytics
14 1,782 (19.42%) React
15 1,611 (17.55%) Data Science
16 1,605 (17.49%) Social Skills
17 1,543 (16.81%) Linux
18 1,522 (16.58%) Terraform
19 1,465 (15.96%) Microservices
20 1,391 (15.16%) Serverless
21 1,376 (14.99%) Machine Learning
22 1,276 (13.90%) Artificial Intelligence
23 1,207 (13.15%) Node.js
24 1,155 (12.59%) Git (software)
24 1,155 (12.59%) Go
25 1,114 (12.14%) Degree
26 1,073 (11.69%) PostgreSQL
27 1,039 (11.32%) Computer Science
28 1,037 (11.30%) Problem-Solving
29 1,021 (11.13%) C#

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 728 (7.93%) Apache Spark
2 478 (5.21%) Elasticsearch
3 372 (4.05%) Apache Airflow
4 349 (3.80%) Apache
5 186 (2.03%) Confluence
6 93 (1.01%) SAS
7 90 (0.98%) nginx
8 62 (0.68%) Jupyter
9 53 (0.58%) Luigi
10 41 (0.45%) Tornado
11 37 (0.40%) Cloud Foundry
11 37 (0.40%) SharePoint
12 31 (0.34%) Tomcat
13 30 (0.33%) WordPress
14 27 (0.29%) Apache Pig
15 25 (0.27%) CMS
16 24 (0.26%) IIS
17 22 (0.24%) Drupal
18 21 (0.23%) OpenStack
18 21 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 177 (1.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 83 (0.90%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (0.34%) Photoshop
4 29 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 26 (0.28%) Adobe Illustrator
6 23 (0.25%) MS Visio
7 22 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
8 18 (0.20%) GIMP
9 14 (0.15%) Chatbot
10 13 (0.14%) SPSS
11 9 (0.098%) Fireworks
12 8 (0.087%) Stata
13 6 (0.065%) Maya
14 5 (0.054%) Sketch
15 4 (0.044%) Adobe Creative Suite
16 3 (0.033%) AutoCAD
17 2 (0.022%) Gephi
17 2 (0.022%) Mingle
18 1 (0.011%) Microsoft Project
18 1 (0.011%) Revit
Business Applications
1 38 (0.41%) Magento
2 32 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
3 25 (0.27%) Shopify
4 18 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
5 13 (0.14%) R3 Corda
6 11 (0.12%) Summit
7 10 (0.11%) Primavera
8 9 (0.098%) Sentinel
9 6 (0.065%) FINCAD Analytics
10 5 (0.054%) Dynamics CRM
10 5 (0.054%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 5 (0.054%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
11 4 (0.044%) FastStats
11 4 (0.044%) Unica
12 3 (0.033%) MetaTrader
12 3 (0.033%) SAP R/3
13 2 (0.022%) Eagle PACE
13 2 (0.022%) Endur
13 2 (0.022%) NetSuite
13 2 (0.022%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 4,191 (45.67%) AWS
2 1,993 (21.72%) GCP
3 1,920 (20.92%) Azure
4 1,391 (15.16%) Serverless
5 776 (8.46%) AWS Lambda
6 500 (5.45%) GitHub
7 468 (5.10%) Amazon S3
8 459 (5.00%) Amazon EC2
9 437 (4.76%) SaaS
10 408 (4.45%) Amazon ECS
11 372 (4.05%) AWS CloudFormation
12 368 (4.01%) Power Platform
13 318 (3.47%) PaaS
14 297 (3.24%) Snowflake
15 197 (2.15%) Amazon EKS
16 196 (2.14%) IaaS
17 191 (2.08%) Amazon SQS
18 170 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
19 165 (1.80%) Amazon Kinesis
20 142 (1.55%) Cloud Functions
Communications & Networking
1 240 (2.62%) HTTP
2 198 (2.16%) Firewall
3 141 (1.54%) TCP/IP
4 110 (1.20%) DNS
5 109 (1.19%) Broadband
6 94 (1.02%) Internet
7 68 (0.74%) VPN
8 53 (0.58%) Network Security
9 51 (0.56%) DHCP
10 43 (0.47%) WAN
11 41 (0.45%) LAN
11 41 (0.45%) SSH
12 31 (0.34%) BGP
12 31 (0.34%) VoIP
13 27 (0.29%) IPsec
14 24 (0.26%) Multicast
14 24 (0.26%) SNMP
14 24 (0.26%) VLAN
15 23 (0.25%) OSPF
16 21 (0.23%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,073 (11.69%) PostgreSQL
2 852 (9.28%) Big Data
3 803 (8.75%) NoSQL
4 718 (7.82%) Relational Database
5 563 (6.13%) Data Warehouse
6 558 (6.08%) MySQL
7 535 (5.83%) MongoDB
8 469 (5.11%) SQL Server
9 443 (4.83%) Hadoop
10 435 (4.74%) Tableau
11 429 (4.67%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 374 (4.08%) Redis
13 359 (3.91%) Power BI
14 320 (3.49%) Amazon Redshift
15 280 (3.05%) BigQuery
16 227 (2.47%) Amazon Aurora
17 223 (2.43%) Amazon Athena
18 218 (2.38%) Amazon RDS
19 200 (2.18%) Data Lake
20 185 (2.02%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,155 (12.59%) Git (software)
2 971 (10.58%) Jenkins
3 473 (5.15%) GitLab
4 461 (5.02%) JIRA
5 236 (2.57%) CircleCI
6 199 (2.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 173 (1.89%) TeamCity
8 159 (1.73%) Selenium
9 142 (1.55%) Cypress.io
10 117 (1.27%) SonarQube
11 108 (1.18%) Cucumber
12 107 (1.17%) Postman
13 106 (1.16%) JMeter
14 104 (1.13%) Artifactory
15 101 (1.10%) Vagrant
15 101 (1.10%) webpack
16 100 (1.09%) Bitbucket
17 98 (1.07%) Maven
17 98 (1.07%) Travis CI
18 96 (1.05%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 2,941 (32.05%) Finance
2 1,605 (17.49%) Social Skills
3 779 (8.49%) Banking
4 709 (7.73%) Analytical Skills
5 632 (6.89%) Front Office
6 457 (4.98%) Games
7 448 (4.88%) Marketing
8 367 (4.00%) Retail
9 231 (2.52%) Telecoms
10 226 (2.46%) Public Sector
11 206 (2.24%) Advertising
12 176 (1.92%) Manufacturing
13 166 (1.81%) Presentation Skills
14 160 (1.74%) Investment Banking
14 160 (1.74%) Organisational Skills
15 140 (1.53%) Legal
16 138 (1.50%) Electronics
17 137 (1.49%) Law
18 120 (1.31%) Back Office
19 109 (1.19%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 2,688 (29.29%) Developer
2 1,410 (15.36%) Software Engineer
3 867 (9.45%) Python Developer
4 839 (9.14%) Data Engineer
5 833 (9.08%) DevOps Engineer
6 768 (8.37%) Python Engineer
7 571 (6.22%) AWS Engineer
8 521 (5.68%) Senior Developer
9 504 (5.49%) Analyst
10 378 (4.12%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 356 (3.88%) Data Scientist
12 331 (3.61%) Senior Software Engineer
13 329 (3.59%) Java Developer
14 302 (3.29%) Backend Developer
15 296 (3.23%) Full Stack Developer
16 295 (3.21%) Python Software Engineer
17 290 (3.16%) Architect
18 268 (2.92%) React Developer
19 244 (2.66%) Senior DevOps
20 243 (2.65%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,782 (19.42%) React
2 1,207 (13.15%) Node.js
3 986 (10.74%) Web Services
4 829 (9.03%) REST
5 795 (8.66%) Django
6 740 (8.06%) Kafka
7 692 (7.54%) AngularJS
8 619 (6.75%) .NET
9 561 (6.11%) GraphQL
10 560 (6.10%) HTML
11 495 (5.39%) CSS
12 492 (5.36%) RESTful
13 454 (4.95%) Flask
14 436 (4.75%) Vue.js
15 332 (3.62%) Redux
16 326 (3.55%) Spring
17 280 (3.05%) React Native
18 256 (2.79%) NumPy
19 244 (2.66%) JSON
20 242 (2.64%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 676 (7.37%) Algorithms
2 593 (6.46%) Hedge funds
3 531 (5.79%) Derivative
4 491 (5.35%) User Experience
5 459 (5.00%) Equities
6 414 (4.51%) Fixed Income
7 355 (3.87%) Data Structures
8 329 (3.59%) Greenfield Project
9 303 (3.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 274 (2.99%) Cloud Native
11 212 (2.31%) Self-Motivation
12 202 (2.20%) Blog
13 198 (2.16%) Mobile App
14 194 (2.11%) Virtual Team
15 159 (1.73%) Public Cloud
16 150 (1.63%) Data Centre
17 143 (1.56%) Social Media
18 130 (1.42%) Linux Command Line
19 127 (1.38%) Pricing Data
20 120 (1.31%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 1,543 (16.81%) Linux
2 549 (5.98%) Unix
3 511 (5.57%) Windows
4 190 (2.07%) Android
5 144 (1.57%) Apple iOS
6 86 (0.94%) CentOS
7 81 (0.88%) Windows Server
8 77 (0.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 64 (0.70%) Ubuntu
10 35 (0.38%) Windows 10
11 26 (0.28%) Mesosphere
12 21 (0.23%) Debian
12 21 (0.23%) Mac OS
13 19 (0.21%) Embedded Linux
14 16 (0.17%) Solaris
15 14 (0.15%) VMS
15 14 (0.15%) Windows 7
16 11 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
17 9 (0.098%) Kali Linux
17 9 (0.098%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,106 (33.85%) Agile Software Development
2 2,810 (30.62%) Software Engineering
3 2,277 (24.81%) DevOps
4 1,890 (20.59%) Analytics
5 1,611 (17.55%) Data Science
6 1,465 (15.96%) Microservices
7 1,376 (14.99%) Machine Learning
8 1,276 (13.90%) Artificial Intelligence
9 1,039 (11.32%) Computer Science
10 1,037 (11.30%) Problem-Solving
11 841 (9.16%) Continuous Integration
12 834 (9.09%) Asset Management
13 829 (9.03%) Fintech
14 819 (8.92%) Mentoring
15 811 (8.84%) TDD
16 802 (8.74%) Test Automation
17 799 (8.71%) Infrastructure as Code
18 727 (7.92%) ETL
19 723 (7.88%) Data Pipeline
20 712 (7.76%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 2,968 (32.34%) SQL
2 2,879 (31.37%) Java
3 2,388 (26.02%) JavaScript
4 1,155 (12.59%) Go
5 1,021 (11.13%) C#
6 999 (10.89%) TypeScript
7 849 (9.25%) C++
8 799 (8.71%) Bash Shell
9 671 (7.31%) Scala
10 589 (6.42%) R
11 537 (5.85%) Ruby
12 519 (5.66%) PowerShell
13 396 (4.32%) C
14 336 (3.66%) Kotlin
15 313 (3.41%) PHP
16 285 (3.11%) Perl
17 221 (2.41%) Shell Script
18 152 (1.66%) Rust
19 141 (1.54%) Clojure
20 134 (1.46%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,114 (12.14%) Degree
2 430 (4.69%) Computer Science Degree
3 230 (2.51%) PhD
4 207 (2.26%) Master's Degree
5 149 (1.62%) Security Cleared
6 108 (1.18%) SC Cleared
7 66 (0.72%) AWS Certification
8 63 (0.69%) Numerate Degree
9 59 (0.64%) Cisco Certification
10 37 (0.40%) DV Cleared
11 26 (0.28%) CCNP
12 24 (0.26%) CISSP
13 23 (0.25%) CCNA
14 21 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
15 20 (0.22%) CompTIA Security+
15 20 (0.22%) ISTQB
16 14 (0.15%) CEH
16 14 (0.15%) DBS Check
16 14 (0.15%) OSCP
17 13 (0.14%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 526 (5.73%) QA
2 162 (1.77%) GDPR
3 143 (1.56%) Data Quality
4 83 (0.90%) Accessibility
5 37 (0.40%) MiFID
6 35 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 25 (0.27%) GRC
8 24 (0.26%) NIST
9 18 (0.20%) SLA
10 16 (0.17%) Actionable Recommendations
10 16 (0.17%) WCAG
11 14 (0.15%) PMO
12 11 (0.12%) PCI DSS
13 9 (0.098%) Basel II
13 9 (0.098%) CRD IV
13 9 (0.098%) HIPAA
13 9 (0.098%) WAI
14 7 (0.076%) EMIR
15 5 (0.054%) Dodd-Frank
15 5 (0.054%) ISO 26262
System Software
1 2,592 (28.24%) Docker
2 99 (1.08%) Active Directory
3 77 (0.84%) VirtualBox
3 77 (0.84%) VMware Infrastructure
4 53 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
5 25 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 22 (0.24%) HDFS
7 19 (0.21%) Firmware
8 16 (0.17%) Hyper-V
9 12 (0.13%) Snort
9 12 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
9 12 (0.13%) vSphere
10 11 (0.12%) etcd
10 11 (0.12%) KVM
11 10 (0.11%) Ceph
11 10 (0.11%) iptables
12 9 (0.098%) Virtual Servers
13 8 (0.087%) NFS
13 8 (0.087%) Squid
14 7 (0.076%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 2,317 (25.25%) Kubernetes
2 1,522 (16.58%) Terraform
3 933 (10.17%) Ansible
4 501 (5.46%) Puppet
5 367 (4.00%) Prometheus
6 344 (3.75%) Opscode Chef
7 282 (3.07%) Grafana
8 156 (1.70%) Docker Swarm
9 82 (0.89%) Consul
9 82 (0.89%) Istio
10 74 (0.81%) Kibana
11 64 (0.70%) Nagios
12 53 (0.58%) logstash
13 49 (0.53%) Packer
14 30 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
14 30 (0.33%) Salt
15 25 (0.27%) ZABBIX
16 24 (0.26%) Automic
17 23 (0.25%) Failover Clustering
18 21 (0.23%) Mesos
Vendors
1 961 (10.47%) Google
2 487 (5.31%) Microsoft
3 461 (5.02%) Oracle
4 160 (1.74%) IBM
5 159 (1.73%) Databricks
6 144 (1.57%) Splunk
7 130 (1.42%) Red Hat
8 128 (1.39%) SAP
9 113 (1.23%) Cloudera
10 108 (1.18%) Cisco
11 107 (1.17%) VMware
12 103 (1.12%) Informatica
12 103 (1.12%) Talend
13 102 (1.11%) Hortonworks
14 87 (0.95%) Sybase
15 68 (0.74%) Alteryx
16 66 (0.72%) Atlassian
17 58 (0.63%) Dell
18 54 (0.59%) Apple
18 54 (0.59%) Facebook