Period
to 25 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
England > London
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 5 8
Rank change year-on-year -2 +3 +3
Permanent jobs citing Python 10,321 4,269 8,408
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 20.37% 21.72% 15.46%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.60% 35.50% 27.55%
Number of salaries quoted 6,414 3,666 6,884
10th Percentile £47,500 £46,250 £43,750
25th Percentile £60,000 £58,750 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.33% +3.45% +3.57%
75th Percentile £97,500 £98,750 £91,250
90th Percentile £118,750 £125,000 £115,000
England median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 30,719 12,024 30,523
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 60.63% 61.17% 56.14%
Number of salaries quoted 19,093 10,389 25,670
10th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £38,750
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £91,250 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £110,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% +5.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Salary trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in London

Python
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 1,314 £75,000 +3.45% 465
West London +7 425 £67,500 +3.85% 135
South London -9 119 £60,000 -4.00% 23
East London -9 56 £85,000 +30.77% 108
North London -24 3 £48,545 -25.32% 16
Python
England

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 4,786 (46.37%) AWS
2 3,474 (33.66%) Agile Software Development
3 3,403 (32.97%) SQL
4 3,241 (31.40%) Java
5 3,185 (30.86%) Software Engineering
6 3,089 (29.93%) Finance
7 2,727 (26.42%) Docker
8 2,700 (26.16%) DevOps
9 2,696 (26.12%) JavaScript
10 2,472 (23.95%) Kubernetes
11 2,373 (22.99%) Azure
12 2,351 (22.78%) GCP
13 2,243 (21.73%) Analytics
14 1,997 (19.35%) React
15 1,968 (19.07%) Social Skills
16 1,960 (18.99%) Data Science
17 1,789 (17.33%) Terraform
18 1,721 (16.67%) Microservices
19 1,575 (15.26%) Linux
20 1,572 (15.23%) Machine Learning
21 1,570 (15.21%) Serverless
22 1,487 (14.41%) Full Stack Development
23 1,337 (12.95%) Artificial Intelligence
24 1,317 (12.76%) Node.js
25 1,305 (12.64%) Problem-Solving
26 1,296 (12.56%) Git (software)
27 1,290 (12.50%) Go
28 1,235 (11.97%) Degree
29 1,221 (11.83%) PostgreSQL
30 1,195 (11.58%) TypeScript

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 782 (7.58%) Apache Spark
2 505 (4.89%) Elasticsearch
3 389 (3.77%) Apache
4 343 (3.32%) Apache Airflow
5 212 (2.05%) Confluence
6 112 (1.09%) nginx
7 95 (0.92%) SAS
8 84 (0.81%) Jupyter
9 59 (0.57%) CMS
10 51 (0.49%) SharePoint
11 40 (0.39%) Apache Solr
11 40 (0.39%) Tornado
12 39 (0.38%) WordPress
13 37 (0.36%) Luigi
14 33 (0.32%) IIS
15 29 (0.28%) Tomcat
16 27 (0.26%) Apache Pig
17 25 (0.24%) Cloud Foundry
18 21 (0.20%) Gunicorn
19 19 (0.18%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 209 (2.02%) Microsoft Excel
2 111 (1.08%) Microsoft Office
3 42 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 28 (0.27%) Chatbot
5 23 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
6 21 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
7 20 (0.19%) Photoshop
8 16 (0.16%) MS Visio
9 15 (0.15%) GIMP
10 10 (0.097%) SPSS
11 6 (0.058%) AutoCAD
11 6 (0.058%) Maya
12 5 (0.048%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 5 (0.048%) Fireworks
13 3 (0.029%) Stata
14 2 (0.019%) Figma
14 2 (0.019%) Weka
15 1 (0.010%) Mingle
15 1 (0.010%) Revit
15 1 (0.010%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 55 (0.53%) Magento
2 39 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
3 33 (0.32%) Shopify
4 21 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
5 18 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
6 16 (0.16%) IBM Planning Analytics
7 13 (0.13%) Summit
8 11 (0.11%) Sentinel
9 8 (0.078%) Primavera
10 7 (0.068%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
11 6 (0.058%) R3 Corda
11 6 (0.058%) Unica
12 5 (0.048%) FINCAD Analytics
13 4 (0.039%) FastStats
14 3 (0.029%) SAP BPC
14 3 (0.029%) SAP GRC
14 3 (0.029%) SAP R/3
15 2 (0.019%) SAP CO
15 2 (0.019%) SAP FI
15 2 (0.019%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 4,786 (46.37%) AWS
2 2,373 (22.99%) Azure
3 2,351 (22.78%) GCP
4 1,570 (15.21%) Serverless
5 882 (8.55%) AWS Lambda
6 645 (6.25%) GitHub
7 613 (5.94%) Amazon S3
8 555 (5.38%) Amazon EC2
9 499 (4.83%) Amazon ECS
10 486 (4.71%) SaaS
11 482 (4.67%) Power Platform
12 470 (4.55%) AWS CloudFormation
13 350 (3.39%) PaaS
14 322 (3.12%) Snowflake
15 247 (2.39%) Amazon SQS
16 218 (2.11%) IaaS
17 206 (2.00%) Amazon Kinesis
18 191 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
19 168 (1.63%) Amazon EKS
20 131 (1.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 294 (2.85%) HTTP
2 223 (2.16%) Firewall
3 193 (1.87%) Broadband
4 190 (1.84%) TCP/IP
5 169 (1.64%) DNS
6 119 (1.15%) Internet
7 110 (1.07%) VPN
8 72 (0.70%) Network Security
9 66 (0.64%) DHCP
10 45 (0.44%) WAN
11 44 (0.43%) BGP
11 44 (0.43%) LAN
12 37 (0.36%) Bluetooth
13 36 (0.35%) DVB
13 36 (0.35%) SNMP
14 31 (0.30%) SSH
15 30 (0.29%) IPsec
16 28 (0.27%) Multicast
17 27 (0.26%) OSPF
18 26 (0.25%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,221 (11.83%) PostgreSQL
2 887 (8.59%) Big Data
3 873 (8.46%) NoSQL
4 696 (6.74%) Relational Database
5 667 (6.46%) Data Warehouse
6 619 (6.00%) MySQL
7 549 (5.32%) MongoDB
8 542 (5.25%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 511 (4.95%) SQL Server
10 494 (4.79%) Tableau
11 459 (4.45%) Power BI
12 440 (4.26%) Hadoop
13 423 (4.10%) Redis
14 348 (3.37%) Amazon Redshift
15 326 (3.16%) Data Lake
16 301 (2.92%) Amazon Athena
17 283 (2.74%) Amazon Aurora
18 282 (2.73%) BigQuery
19 271 (2.63%) Amazon RDS
20 165 (1.60%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,296 (12.56%) Git (software)
2 1,189 (11.52%) Jenkins
3 560 (5.43%) GitLab
4 527 (5.11%) JIRA
5 253 (2.45%) CircleCI
6 207 (2.01%) TeamCity
7 201 (1.95%) Selenium
8 195 (1.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 195 (1.89%) Cypress.io
9 146 (1.41%) Postman
10 136 (1.32%) Octopus Deploy
11 132 (1.28%) Bitbucket
12 129 (1.25%) SonarQube
13 122 (1.18%) Artifactory
14 115 (1.11%) Cucumber
15 110 (1.07%) JMeter
16 105 (1.02%) webpack
17 100 (0.97%) Team Foundation Server
18 95 (0.92%) Travis CI
19 93 (0.90%) JUnit
General
1 3,089 (29.93%) Finance
2 1,968 (19.07%) Social Skills
3 836 (8.10%) Analytical Skills
4 819 (7.94%) Banking
5 656 (6.36%) Front Office
6 473 (4.58%) Marketing
7 460 (4.46%) Retail
8 435 (4.21%) Games
9 206 (2.00%) Advertising
10 203 (1.97%) Presentation Skills
11 178 (1.72%) Organisational Skills
12 175 (1.70%) Public Sector
13 172 (1.67%) Telecoms
14 171 (1.66%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 162 (1.57%) Law
16 145 (1.40%) Investment Banking
17 135 (1.31%) Legal
18 113 (1.09%) Manufacturing
19 106 (1.03%) Financial Institution
20 103 (1.00%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 3,002 (29.09%) Developer
2 1,621 (15.71%) Software Engineer
3 1,076 (10.43%) Python Developer
4 951 (9.21%) Python Engineer
5 932 (9.03%) Data Engineer
6 921 (8.92%) DevOps Engineer
7 615 (5.96%) Senior Developer
8 599 (5.80%) AWS Engineer
9 523 (5.07%) Analyst
10 498 (4.83%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 434 (4.21%) Python Software Engineer
12 408 (3.95%) Senior Software Engineer
13 400 (3.88%) Data Scientist
14 378 (3.66%) Java Developer
15 365 (3.54%) Full Stack Developer
16 317 (3.07%) Architect
17 315 (3.05%) Cloud Engineer
18 304 (2.95%) Software Developer
19 287 (2.78%) Java Engineer
20 278 (2.69%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,997 (19.35%) React
2 1,317 (12.76%) Node.js
3 1,154 (11.18%) Web Services
4 964 (9.34%) REST
5 958 (9.28%) Django
6 780 (7.56%) Kafka
7 736 (7.13%) AngularJS
8 633 (6.13%) HTML
9 614 (5.95%) .NET
10 583 (5.65%) GraphQL
11 542 (5.25%) CSS
12 520 (5.04%) Flask
13 514 (4.98%) Vue.js
14 416 (4.03%) RESTful
15 373 (3.61%) Redux
16 320 (3.10%) React Native
17 316 (3.06%) Pandas
18 301 (2.92%) Spring
19 296 (2.87%) TensorFlow
20 287 (2.78%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 820 (7.94%) Algorithms
2 615 (5.96%) Hedge funds
3 588 (5.70%) User Experience
4 516 (5.00%) Equities
5 512 (4.96%) Derivative
6 443 (4.29%) Fixed Income
7 435 (4.21%) Greenfield Project
8 370 (3.58%) Data Structures
9 369 (3.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 301 (2.92%) Cloud Native
11 258 (2.50%) Self-Motivation
12 256 (2.48%) Virtual Team
13 229 (2.22%) Mobile App
14 221 (2.14%) Social Media
15 199 (1.93%) Public Cloud
16 158 (1.53%) Pricing Data
17 156 (1.51%) Blog
18 154 (1.49%) Management Information System
19 138 (1.34%) Data Centre
20 113 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,575 (15.26%) Linux
2 602 (5.83%) Unix
3 513 (4.97%) Windows
4 208 (2.02%) Android
5 176 (1.71%) Apple iOS
6 97 (0.94%) Windows Server
7 89 (0.86%) CentOS
8 68 (0.66%) Ubuntu
9 54 (0.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 47 (0.46%) Mesosphere
11 44 (0.43%) Mac OS
12 29 (0.28%) VMS
12 29 (0.28%) Windows 10
13 17 (0.16%) Debian
13 17 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
14 16 (0.16%) Mac OS X
15 15 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
16 13 (0.13%) Solaris
17 12 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
18 10 (0.097%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,474 (33.66%) Agile Software Development
2 3,185 (30.86%) Software Engineering
3 2,700 (26.16%) DevOps
4 2,243 (21.73%) Analytics
5 1,960 (18.99%) Data Science
6 1,721 (16.67%) Microservices
7 1,572 (15.23%) Machine Learning
8 1,487 (14.41%) Full Stack Development
9 1,337 (12.95%) Artificial Intelligence
10 1,305 (12.64%) Problem-Solving
11 1,136 (11.01%) Computer Science
12 1,111 (10.76%) Test Automation
13 985 (9.54%) Continuous Integration
14 960 (9.30%) TDD
15 958 (9.28%) Mentoring
16 945 (9.16%) Infrastructure as Code
17 918 (8.89%) Asset Management
18 826 (8.00%) Fintech
19 778 (7.54%) Business Intelligence
20 776 (7.52%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 3,403 (32.97%) SQL
2 3,241 (31.40%) Java
3 2,696 (26.12%) JavaScript
4 1,290 (12.50%) Go
5 1,195 (11.58%) TypeScript
6 1,189 (11.52%) C#
7 969 (9.39%) Bash Shell
8 946 (9.17%) C++
9 772 (7.48%) Scala
10 679 (6.58%) R
11 647 (6.27%) Ruby
12 600 (5.81%) PowerShell
13 437 (4.23%) C
14 394 (3.82%) PHP
15 367 (3.56%) Kotlin
16 333 (3.23%) Perl
17 248 (2.40%) Shell Script
18 199 (1.93%) Rust
19 169 (1.64%) Clojure
20 151 (1.46%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,235 (11.97%) Degree
2 439 (4.25%) Computer Science Degree
3 220 (2.13%) PhD
4 215 (2.08%) Master's Degree
5 128 (1.24%) Security Cleared
6 111 (1.08%) AWS Certification
7 96 (0.93%) SC Cleared
8 87 (0.84%) Cisco Certification
9 57 (0.55%) Numerate Degree
10 40 (0.39%) CCNP
11 33 (0.32%) ISTQB
12 28 (0.27%) CISSP
13 27 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
14 24 (0.23%) CCNA
15 23 (0.22%) SANS
16 22 (0.21%) CompTIA Security+
17 20 (0.19%) CEH
18 18 (0.17%) CCIE
19 17 (0.16%) CISM
20 14 (0.14%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 745 (7.22%) QA
2 226 (2.19%) Data Quality
3 187 (1.81%) GDPR
4 103 (1.00%) Accessibility
5 31 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 30 (0.29%) GRC
7 26 (0.25%) MiFID
8 24 (0.23%) SLA
8 24 (0.23%) WCAG
9 22 (0.21%) NIST
10 14 (0.14%) PMO
11 13 (0.13%) PCI DSS
12 12 (0.12%) WAI
13 11 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
14 8 (0.078%) EMIR
15 6 (0.058%) Dodd-Frank
16 5 (0.048%) HIPAA
16 5 (0.048%) IEC 61508
16 5 (0.048%) ISO 26262
16 5 (0.048%) Solvency II
System Software
1 2,727 (26.42%) Docker
2 99 (0.96%) Active Directory
3 82 (0.79%) VMware Infrastructure
4 67 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
5 34 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 31 (0.30%) HDFS
7 30 (0.29%) Varnish
8 29 (0.28%) VirtualBox
9 28 (0.27%) Hyper-V
10 20 (0.19%) Firmware
11 15 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
11 15 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
12 14 (0.14%) vSphere
13 11 (0.11%) Ceph
13 11 (0.11%) etcd
13 11 (0.11%) iptables
13 11 (0.11%) KVM
14 8 (0.078%) LXC
15 7 (0.068%) Snort
16 6 (0.058%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 2,472 (23.95%) Kubernetes
2 1,789 (17.33%) Terraform
3 960 (9.30%) Ansible
4 524 (5.08%) Puppet
5 420 (4.07%) Opscode Chef
6 385 (3.73%) Prometheus
7 295 (2.86%) Grafana
8 99 (0.96%) Kibana
9 96 (0.93%) Docker Swarm
10 85 (0.82%) Istio
11 79 (0.77%) logstash
12 75 (0.73%) Consul
13 67 (0.65%) Nagios
14 47 (0.46%) Salt
15 44 (0.43%) ZABBIX
16 43 (0.42%) Automic
17 42 (0.41%) Packer
18 30 (0.29%) HAProxy
19 29 (0.28%) Kubeflow
20 27 (0.26%) Mesos
Vendors
1 1,175 (11.38%) Google
2 590 (5.72%) Microsoft
3 461 (4.47%) Oracle
4 213 (2.06%) Databricks
5 174 (1.69%) Splunk
6 146 (1.41%) Red Hat
7 141 (1.37%) Cisco
8 117 (1.13%) VMware
9 110 (1.07%) IBM
10 101 (0.98%) Informatica
11 98 (0.95%) SAP
12 87 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
13 85 (0.82%) Talend
14 77 (0.75%) Apple
15 73 (0.71%) Dell
16 68 (0.66%) New Relic
17 67 (0.65%) YouTube
18 62 (0.60%) Cloudera
18 62 (0.60%) Sybase
19 60 (0.58%) Atlassian