Period
to 28 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 28 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
England > London
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 9 7 15
Rank change year-on-year -2 +8 +4
Permanent jobs citing Python 7,635 9,155 7,868
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 15.66% 14.98% 11.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.84% 26.30% 20.35%
Number of salaries quoted 6,619 7,991 6,791
Median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +4.00%
10th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £42,500
90th Percentile £120,000 £105,000 £101,250
England median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 27,420 34,808 38,669
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 56.22% 56.95% 55.68%
Number of salaries quoted 22,736 29,223 32,607
Median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.85% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £40,395 £37,500 £37,500
90th Percentile £103,750 £95,000 £91,250
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Salary trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Salary histogram for Python in London

Python
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 1,759 £75,000 +7.14% 454
West London +12 233 £65,000 +18.18% 131
South London +12 151 £67,500 +16.38% 47
East London +23 82 £70,000 +43.59% 55
North London +2 43 £55,000 +20.22% 14
Python
England

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 2,909 (38.10%) AWS
2 2,755 (36.08%) Java
3 2,464 (32.27%) Agile Software Development
4 2,463 (32.26%) SQL
5 2,433 (31.87%) Finance
6 1,997 (26.16%) DevOps
7 1,731 (22.67%) Docker
8 1,690 (22.13%) Linux
9 1,671 (21.89%) Software Engineering
10 1,613 (21.13%) Analytics
11 1,595 (20.89%) JavaScript
12 1,511 (19.79%) Azure
13 1,403 (18.38%) Kubernetes
14 1,251 (16.39%) Data Science
15 1,196 (15.66%) C#
16 1,150 (15.06%) Machine Learning
17 1,104 (14.46%) GCP
18 1,103 (14.45%) Degree
19 1,088 (14.25%) C++
20 1,056 (13.83%) Ansible
21 1,055 (13.82%) Terraform
22 1,001 (13.11%) R
23 929 (12.17%) Computer Science
24 882 (11.55%) Jenkins
25 874 (11.45%) Fintech
26 862 (11.29%) Git (software)
27 848 (11.11%) Bash Shell
28 847 (11.09%) Big Data
29 839 (10.99%) Web Services
30 826 (10.82%) Artificial Intelligence

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 739 (9.68%) Apache Spark
2 248 (3.25%) Elasticsearch
3 199 (2.61%) Confluence
4 184 (2.41%) Apache
5 141 (1.85%) Apache Airflow
6 134 (1.76%) SAS
7 89 (1.17%) Tomcat
8 87 (1.14%) Jupyter
9 55 (0.72%) nginx
10 53 (0.69%) IIS
11 47 (0.62%) Luigi
12 43 (0.56%) OpenStack
13 39 (0.51%) SharePoint
14 35 (0.46%) CMS
15 26 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
16 19 (0.25%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 18 (0.24%) Tornado
18 13 (0.17%) Apache Solr
18 13 (0.17%) WordPress
19 12 (0.16%) WebSphere
Applications
1 186 (2.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 58 (0.76%) Microsoft Office
3 41 (0.54%) SPSS
4 20 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 15 (0.20%) Chatbot
6 14 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
7 10 (0.13%) MS Visio
8 4 (0.052%) Notepad++
8 4 (0.052%) Sketch
8 4 (0.052%) Zeplin
9 3 (0.039%) Maya
9 3 (0.039%) NUKE
10 2 (0.026%) HipChat
10 2 (0.026%) Houdini
10 2 (0.026%) Photoshop
11 1 (0.013%) CPLEX
11 1 (0.013%) GNU Octave
11 1 (0.013%) ProjectWise
11 1 (0.013%) Stata
11 1 (0.013%) Weka
Business Applications
1 108 (1.41%) FINCAD Analytics
2 61 (0.80%) PolarLake
3 58 (0.76%) Eagle PACE
3 58 (0.76%) Markit EDM
4 16 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
5 13 (0.17%) R3 Corda
6 12 (0.16%) thinkFolio
7 9 (0.12%) FastStats
8 8 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
9 7 (0.092%) Magento
9 7 (0.092%) Odoo
9 7 (0.092%) Shopify
10 6 (0.079%) Relativity
10 6 (0.079%) SAP ERP
11 5 (0.065%) Dynamics CRM
11 5 (0.065%) LatentZero
11 5 (0.065%) Sentinel
12 4 (0.052%) Actimize
12 4 (0.052%) SAP IS-U
12 4 (0.052%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 2,909 (38.10%) AWS
2 1,511 (19.79%) Azure
3 1,104 (14.46%) GCP
4 465 (6.09%) Serverless
5 329 (4.31%) Amazon S3
6 325 (4.26%) Power Platform
7 295 (3.86%) AWS Lambda
8 282 (3.69%) SaaS
9 266 (3.48%) Amazon EC2
10 234 (3.06%) AWS CloudFormation
11 207 (2.71%) GitHub
12 188 (2.46%) OpenShift
13 157 (2.06%) Cloud Computing
14 151 (1.98%) Amazon ECS
15 138 (1.81%) PaaS
16 134 (1.76%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 125 (1.64%) Amazon SQS
18 122 (1.60%) Amazon EMR
19 101 (1.32%) Amazon Kinesis
20 100 (1.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 207 (2.71%) Firewall
2 198 (2.59%) TCP/IP
3 144 (1.89%) DNS
4 110 (1.44%) HTTP
5 90 (1.18%) Internet
6 72 (0.94%) Wireshark
7 68 (0.89%) VPN
8 58 (0.76%) Network Security
9 55 (0.72%) BGP
10 43 (0.56%) DHCP
11 41 (0.54%) MPLS
12 35 (0.46%) WAN
13 32 (0.42%) SSL
14 29 (0.38%) OSPF
15 28 (0.37%) VoIP
16 25 (0.33%) LAN
17 24 (0.31%) SNMP
17 24 (0.31%) Wireless
18 23 (0.30%) Intrusion Detection
18 23 (0.30%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 847 (11.09%) Big Data
2 687 (9.00%) PostgreSQL
3 680 (8.91%) NoSQL
4 632 (8.28%) Hadoop
5 605 (7.92%) SQL Server
6 507 (6.64%) Data Warehouse
7 470 (6.16%) Relational Database
8 324 (4.24%) MySQL
9 319 (4.18%) Power BI
10 302 (3.96%) Amazon Redshift
11 271 (3.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 270 (3.54%) Amazon Athena
13 250 (3.27%) Data Lake
14 233 (3.05%) MongoDB
15 216 (2.83%) Amazon RDS
16 212 (2.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 187 (2.45%) Apache Hive
18 157 (2.06%) Apache Cassandra
19 156 (2.04%) BigQuery
20 154 (2.02%) Redis
Development Applications
1 882 (11.55%) Jenkins
2 862 (11.29%) Git (software)
3 417 (5.46%) JIRA
4 192 (2.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 183 (2.40%) Selenium
6 176 (2.31%) GitLab
7 168 (2.20%) TeamCity
8 159 (2.08%) Bitbucket
9 121 (1.58%) Artifactory
10 115 (1.51%) Maven
11 111 (1.45%) Vagrant
12 105 (1.38%) RStudio
13 99 (1.30%) Cucumber
14 95 (1.24%) CircleCI
15 86 (1.13%) Visual Studio
16 77 (1.01%) Subversion
17 75 (0.98%) WebDriver
18 70 (0.92%) Octopus Deploy
19 60 (0.79%) JUnit
20 58 (0.76%) SonarQube
General
1 2,433 (31.87%) Finance
2 784 (10.27%) Front Office
3 747 (9.78%) Banking
4 319 (4.18%) Marketing
5 282 (3.69%) Retail
6 183 (2.40%) Legal
7 182 (2.38%) Investment Banking
8 170 (2.23%) Games
9 138 (1.81%) Back Office
10 113 (1.48%) Telecoms
11 100 (1.31%) Law
12 95 (1.24%) Advertising
13 92 (1.20%) Financial Institution
14 87 (1.14%) Public Sector
15 44 (0.58%) Manufacturing
16 42 (0.55%) Automotive
17 38 (0.50%) Electronics
18 35 (0.46%) Publishing
19 34 (0.45%) Billing
20 21 (0.28%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 2,216 (29.02%) Developer
2 959 (12.56%) Python Developer
3 844 (11.05%) DevOps Engineer
4 714 (9.35%) Data Engineer
5 650 (8.51%) Python Engineer
6 541 (7.09%) Analyst
7 529 (6.93%) Software Engineer
8 443 (5.80%) Java Developer
9 410 (5.37%) Data Scientist
10 400 (5.24%) Senior Developer
11 391 (5.12%) AWS Engineer
12 339 (4.44%) Architect
13 308 (4.03%) Junior
14 219 (2.87%) Cloud Engineer
15 202 (2.65%) Junior Developer
16 201 (2.63%) Data Analyst
17 193 (2.53%) Software Developer
18 187 (2.45%) C# Developer
19 182 (2.38%) Python Software Engineer
20 177 (2.32%) Senior Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 839 (10.99%) Web Services
2 666 (8.72%) Node.js
3 608 (7.96%) React
4 532 (6.97%) Django
5 503 (6.59%) .NET
6 468 (6.13%) HTML
7 467 (6.12%) AngularJS
8 449 (5.88%) Kafka
9 414 (5.42%) CSS
10 341 (4.47%) REST
11 288 (3.77%) Flask
12 280 (3.67%) RESTful
13 275 (3.60%) Natural Language Processing
14 259 (3.39%) J2EE
15 247 (3.24%) Pandas
16 226 (2.96%) TensorFlow
17 199 (2.61%) NumPy
18 167 (2.19%) HTML5
19 166 (2.17%) JSON
20 157 (2.06%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 711 (9.31%) Analytical Skills
2 649 (8.50%) Derivative
3 639 (8.37%) Hedge funds
4 626 (8.20%) Fixed Income
5 509 (6.67%) Algorithms
6 462 (6.05%) Equities
7 409 (5.36%) Greenfield Project
8 311 (4.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 298 (3.90%) Data Structures
10 230 (3.01%) Public Cloud
11 213 (2.79%) User Experience
12 158 (2.07%) Equity Derivative
13 155 (2.03%) Linux Command Line
14 134 (1.76%) Cloud Native
15 133 (1.74%) Management Information System
16 132 (1.73%) Blog
17 124 (1.62%) Data Centre
18 123 (1.61%) Self-Motivation
19 114 (1.49%) Mobile App
20 96 (1.26%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 1,690 (22.13%) Linux
2 599 (7.85%) Windows
3 462 (6.05%) Unix
4 159 (2.08%) CentOS
5 124 (1.62%) Android
6 123 (1.61%) Apple iOS
7 104 (1.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 82 (1.07%) Windows Server
9 80 (1.05%) Ubuntu
10 37 (0.48%) VMS
11 30 (0.39%) Debian
12 29 (0.38%) Fedora
13 18 (0.24%) Solaris
14 16 (0.21%) Kali Linux
14 16 (0.21%) Mac OS
15 13 (0.17%) Mac OS X
16 11 (0.14%) Windows 10
16 11 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
17 9 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
18 7 (0.092%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,464 (32.27%) Agile Software Development
2 1,997 (26.16%) DevOps
3 1,671 (21.89%) Software Engineering
4 1,613 (21.13%) Analytics
5 1,251 (16.39%) Data Science
6 1,150 (15.06%) Machine Learning
7 929 (12.17%) Computer Science
8 874 (11.45%) Fintech
9 826 (10.82%) Artificial Intelligence
10 787 (10.31%) Microservices
11 736 (9.64%) Business Intelligence
12 691 (9.05%) Asset Management
13 653 (8.55%) Data Analytics
14 642 (8.41%) Mentoring
15 641 (8.40%) ETL
16 637 (8.34%) Test Automation
17 625 (8.19%) Problem-Solving
18 586 (7.68%) Continuous Integration
19 574 (7.52%) TDD
20 561 (7.35%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 2,755 (36.08%) Java
2 2,463 (32.26%) SQL
3 1,595 (20.89%) JavaScript
4 1,196 (15.66%) C#
5 1,088 (14.25%) C++
6 1,001 (13.11%) R
7 848 (11.11%) Bash Shell
8 683 (8.95%) Ruby
9 643 (8.42%) Go
10 614 (8.04%) Scala
11 528 (6.92%) PowerShell
12 350 (4.58%) PHP
13 318 (4.17%) C
14 295 (3.86%) Perl
15 241 (3.16%) Kotlin
16 212 (2.78%) TypeScript
17 194 (2.54%) Shell Script
18 161 (2.11%) VBA
19 107 (1.40%) MATLAB
20 92 (1.20%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,103 (14.45%) Degree
2 384 (5.03%) Computer Science Degree
3 281 (3.68%) PhD
4 124 (1.62%) Security Cleared
5 95 (1.24%) Master's Degree
6 90 (1.18%) SC Cleared
7 79 (1.03%) CISSP
8 72 (0.94%) Cisco Certification
9 63 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
10 55 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
11 54 (0.71%) OSCP
12 50 (0.65%) AWS Certification
13 43 (0.56%) CCNP
14 38 (0.50%) ISTQB
15 37 (0.48%) CISM
16 36 (0.47%) CREST Certified
17 34 (0.45%) CISA
17 34 (0.45%) SANS
18 33 (0.43%) DV Cleared
19 32 (0.42%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 357 (4.68%) QA
2 119 (1.56%) Data Quality
3 81 (1.06%) GAAP
4 37 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 34 (0.45%) GDPR
6 25 (0.33%) NIST
7 21 (0.28%) Actionable Recommendations
7 21 (0.28%) MiFID
8 17 (0.22%) PCI DSS
9 16 (0.21%) EMIR
10 13 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
11 10 (0.13%) SLA
12 7 (0.092%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 4 (0.052%) IFRS
13 4 (0.052%) IFRS 9
14 3 (0.039%) COBIT
14 3 (0.039%) FINRA
14 3 (0.039%) GxP
14 3 (0.039%) PMO
14 3 (0.039%) UCITS
System Software
1 1,731 (22.67%) Docker
2 114 (1.49%) VMware Infrastructure
3 106 (1.39%) Active Directory
4 57 (0.75%) VirtualBox
5 51 (0.67%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 37 (0.48%) HDFS
6 37 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
7 36 (0.47%) Hyper-V
8 21 (0.28%) Firmware
9 19 (0.25%) Apache Flume
10 15 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
10 15 (0.20%) Xen
11 12 (0.16%) NFS
12 11 (0.14%) KVM
13 9 (0.12%) Samba
13 9 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
13 9 (0.12%) VMware NSX
14 6 (0.079%) Kamailio
14 6 (0.079%) Oracle RAC
14 6 (0.079%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 1,403 (18.38%) Kubernetes
2 1,056 (13.83%) Ansible
3 1,055 (13.82%) Terraform
4 552 (7.23%) Puppet
5 406 (5.32%) Opscode Chef
6 142 (1.86%) Grafana
7 140 (1.83%) Prometheus
8 129 (1.69%) Packer
9 113 (1.48%) Salt
10 95 (1.24%) Docker Swarm
11 77 (1.01%) Nagios
12 61 (0.80%) Consul
13 57 (0.75%) Kibana
14 47 (0.62%) Nessus
15 38 (0.50%) Istio
15 38 (0.50%) ZABBIX
16 36 (0.47%) Rancher
17 35 (0.46%) Graphite
18 32 (0.42%) Oozie
19 31 (0.41%) SCCM
Vendors
1 662 (8.67%) Google
2 472 (6.18%) Tableau
3 427 (5.59%) Microsoft
4 417 (5.46%) Oracle
5 211 (2.76%) Bloomberg
6 181 (2.37%) Red Hat
7 165 (2.16%) Splunk
8 151 (1.98%) VMware
9 111 (1.45%) Teradata
10 110 (1.44%) Databricks
11 109 (1.43%) Alteryx
12 106 (1.39%) Informatica
13 102 (1.34%) Atlassian
14 98 (1.28%) Blue Prism
15 94 (1.23%) Talend
16 93 (1.22%) IBM
17 89 (1.17%) Cadence
17 89 (1.17%) UiPath
18 86 (1.13%) Cisco
19 83 (1.09%) Automation Anywhere