Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
England > London
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 7 9 18
Rank change year-on-year +2 +9 +2
Permanent jobs citing Python 8,415 8,755 7,833
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 15.50% 13.02% 10.37%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.49% 22.78% 18.86%
Number of salaries quoted 6,838 7,149 6,352
London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +8.33%
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £105,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 30,611 38,433 41,531
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 56.38% 57.16% 54.96%
Number of salaries quoted 25,474 32,086 33,004
London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £36,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £90,000
England median annual salary £52,500 £52,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +5.26%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python in London.

Salary trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Python in London

Python
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +7 2,066 £72,500 +3.57% 491
West London +14 260 £65,000 +18.18% 128
South London +1 135 £65,000 +13.04% 37
East London +12 65 £67,500 -12.90% 70
North London -12 19 £55,000 - 14
Python
England

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 3,359 (39.92%) AWS
2 2,921 (34.71%) Java
3 2,883 (34.26%) Agile Software Development
4 2,654 (31.54%) Finance
5 2,573 (30.58%) SQL
6 2,269 (26.96%) DevOps
7 2,110 (25.07%) Linux
8 2,104 (25.00%) Docker
9 1,698 (20.18%) Software Engineering
10 1,595 (18.95%) Kubernetes
11 1,554 (18.47%) JavaScript
12 1,524 (18.11%) Data Science
13 1,504 (17.87%) Analytics
14 1,443 (17.15%) Azure
15 1,415 (16.82%) Machine Learning
16 1,284 (15.26%) C#
17 1,279 (15.20%) Degree
18 1,256 (14.93%) Ansible
19 1,173 (13.94%) GCP
20 1,172 (13.93%) R
21 1,159 (13.77%) Terraform
22 1,150 (13.67%) C++
23 1,058 (12.57%) Big Data
24 1,048 (12.45%) Jenkins
25 1,028 (12.22%) Bash Shell
26 994 (11.81%) Microservices
27 984 (11.69%) Computer Science
28 931 (11.06%) Web Services
29 923 (10.97%) Git (software)
30 884 (10.51%) Fintech

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 814 (9.67%) Apache Spark
2 393 (4.67%) Elasticsearch
3 255 (3.03%) Apache
4 166 (1.97%) Confluence
5 137 (1.63%) SAS
6 133 (1.58%) Apache Airflow
7 131 (1.56%) nginx
8 89 (1.06%) Tomcat
9 79 (0.94%) IIS
10 73 (0.87%) OpenStack
11 63 (0.75%) Jupyter
12 45 (0.53%) CMS
13 42 (0.50%) WebSphere
14 41 (0.49%) SharePoint
15 39 (0.46%) Luigi
16 28 (0.33%) Ethereum
17 27 (0.32%) JBoss
18 26 (0.31%) Tornado
19 25 (0.30%) Cloud Foundry
20 20 (0.24%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 176 (2.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 48 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
3 47 (0.56%) SPSS
4 18 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 16 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
6 12 (0.14%) Photoshop
7 11 (0.13%) Chatbot
7 11 (0.13%) Stata
8 10 (0.12%) Mathematica
9 5 (0.059%) NUKE
10 4 (0.048%) GNU Octave
10 4 (0.048%) Zeplin
11 3 (0.036%) 3ds Max
11 3 (0.036%) Adobe Illustrator
11 3 (0.036%) HipChat
11 3 (0.036%) Houdini
11 3 (0.036%) InDesign
11 3 (0.036%) Maya
11 3 (0.036%) Weka
11 3 (0.036%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 50 (0.59%) thinkFolio
2 42 (0.50%) Payment Gateway
3 36 (0.43%) PolarLake
4 35 (0.42%) FINCAD Analytics
5 32 (0.38%) Eagle PACE
5 32 (0.38%) Markit EDM
6 29 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
6 29 (0.34%) LatentZero
7 17 (0.20%) R3 Corda
8 9 (0.11%) SimCorp Dimension
9 8 (0.095%) Dynamics CRM
10 7 (0.083%) MetaTrader
11 5 (0.059%) Odoo
12 4 (0.048%) Bloomberg TOMS
12 4 (0.048%) Magento
12 4 (0.048%) Relativity
13 3 (0.036%) Eze OMS
13 3 (0.036%) FastStats
13 3 (0.036%) HFM
13 3 (0.036%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 3,359 (39.92%) AWS
2 1,443 (17.15%) Azure
3 1,173 (13.94%) GCP
4 526 (6.25%) Serverless
5 449 (5.34%) Amazon S3
6 423 (5.03%) AWS Lambda
7 393 (4.67%) AWS CloudFormation
8 302 (3.59%) Power Platform
9 295 (3.51%) SaaS
10 282 (3.35%) Amazon EC2
11 268 (3.18%) GitHub
12 232 (2.76%) Amazon ECS
13 227 (2.70%) Amazon SQS
14 192 (2.28%) OpenShift
14 192 (2.28%) PaaS
15 159 (1.89%) Cloud Computing
16 114 (1.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 103 (1.22%) Amazon Kinesis
18 101 (1.20%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 91 (1.08%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 216 (2.57%) Firewall
2 164 (1.95%) DNS
3 152 (1.81%) TCP/IP
4 141 (1.68%) HTTP
5 127 (1.51%) Internet
6 98 (1.16%) VPN
7 60 (0.71%) DHCP
8 48 (0.57%) SSL
9 42 (0.50%) Wireless
10 37 (0.44%) Network Security
11 30 (0.36%) BGP
12 29 (0.34%) LAN
12 29 (0.34%) OSPF
13 27 (0.32%) WAN
14 21 (0.25%) Kerberos
14 21 (0.25%) SSH
15 19 (0.23%) Wireshark
16 18 (0.21%) MPLS
17 16 (0.19%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
18 14 (0.17%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,058 (12.57%) Big Data
2 763 (9.07%) PostgreSQL
3 721 (8.57%) Hadoop
4 593 (7.05%) NoSQL
5 576 (6.84%) SQL Server
6 451 (5.36%) Data Warehouse
7 431 (5.12%) MySQL
8 397 (4.72%) Relational Database
9 295 (3.51%) MongoDB
10 293 (3.48%) Power BI
11 274 (3.26%) Apache Hive
12 273 (3.24%) Amazon RDS
13 262 (3.11%) Amazon Redshift
14 260 (3.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 227 (2.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 209 (2.48%) Amazon Athena
17 186 (2.21%) BigQuery
18 175 (2.08%) Redis
19 174 (2.07%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 173 (2.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 1,048 (12.45%) Jenkins
2 923 (10.97%) Git (software)
3 433 (5.15%) JIRA
4 285 (3.39%) Selenium
5 247 (2.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 232 (2.76%) TeamCity
7 195 (2.32%) Bitbucket
8 169 (2.01%) GitLab
9 156 (1.85%) RStudio
10 131 (1.56%) Octopus Deploy
11 128 (1.52%) Maven
11 128 (1.52%) Vagrant
12 123 (1.46%) WebDriver
13 122 (1.45%) Cucumber
14 119 (1.41%) Artifactory
15 118 (1.40%) Subversion
16 105 (1.25%) JMeter
17 97 (1.15%) JUnit
18 91 (1.08%) Team Foundation Server
19 89 (1.06%) Visual Studio
General
1 2,654 (31.54%) Finance
2 824 (9.79%) Front Office
3 734 (8.72%) Banking
4 359 (4.27%) Marketing
5 339 (4.03%) Retail
6 220 (2.61%) Games
7 142 (1.69%) Telecoms
8 136 (1.62%) Law
9 129 (1.53%) Advertising
10 123 (1.46%) Investment Banking
11 115 (1.37%) Public Sector
12 90 (1.07%) Back Office
13 75 (0.89%) Financial Institution
14 74 (0.88%) Legal
15 62 (0.74%) Publishing
16 53 (0.63%) Billing
17 46 (0.55%) Electronics
18 44 (0.52%) Manufacturing
19 43 (0.51%) Automotive
20 31 (0.37%) French Language
Job Titles
1 2,636 (31.33%) Developer
2 1,204 (14.31%) Python Developer
3 1,059 (12.58%) DevOps Engineer
4 723 (8.59%) Python Engineer
5 722 (8.58%) Data Engineer
6 675 (8.02%) Software Engineer
7 561 (6.67%) Data Scientist
8 558 (6.63%) AWS Engineer
9 484 (5.75%) Senior Developer
10 458 (5.44%) Java Developer
11 447 (5.31%) Analyst
12 332 (3.95%) Cloud Engineer
13 289 (3.43%) Architect
14 284 (3.37%) Junior
15 250 (2.97%) Senior DevOps
16 246 (2.92%) Software Developer
17 244 (2.90%) Senior Data Scientist
18 231 (2.75%) AWS DevOps
19 227 (2.70%) Senior DevOps Engineer
20 222 (2.64%) Senior Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 931 (11.06%) Web Services
2 705 (8.38%) Node.js
3 577 (6.86%) React
4 570 (6.77%) Django
5 554 (6.58%) HTML
6 552 (6.56%) .NET
7 460 (5.47%) CSS
8 452 (5.37%) AngularJS
9 423 (5.03%) Kafka
10 388 (4.61%) REST
11 352 (4.18%) Pandas
12 339 (4.03%) J2EE
13 318 (3.78%) Flask
14 308 (3.66%) RESTful
15 267 (3.17%) NumPy
16 266 (3.16%) TensorFlow
17 256 (3.04%) Natural Language Processing
18 244 (2.90%) Elastic Stack
19 222 (2.64%) scikit-learn
20 192 (2.28%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 783 (9.30%) Analytical Skills
2 687 (8.16%) Fixed Income
3 675 (8.02%) Algorithms
4 517 (6.14%) Greenfield Project
5 510 (6.06%) Derivative
6 469 (5.57%) Hedge funds
7 453 (5.38%) Equities
8 350 (4.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 301 (3.58%) Data Structures
10 242 (2.88%) Public Cloud
11 166 (1.97%) Self-Motivation
12 160 (1.90%) User Experience
13 153 (1.82%) Linux Command Line
14 143 (1.70%) Management Information System
15 136 (1.62%) Mobile App
16 132 (1.57%) Cloud Native
17 120 (1.43%) Data Centre
18 107 (1.27%) Virtual Team
19 85 (1.01%) Reference Data
20 78 (0.93%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 2,110 (25.07%) Linux
2 658 (7.82%) Windows
3 593 (7.05%) Unix
4 145 (1.72%) CentOS
5 133 (1.58%) Windows Server
6 120 (1.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 86 (1.02%) Ubuntu
8 84 (1.00%) Android
9 79 (0.94%) Apple iOS
10 38 (0.45%) VMS
11 34 (0.40%) Mesosphere
12 30 (0.36%) Debian
13 17 (0.20%) CoreOS
13 17 (0.20%) Fedora
14 15 (0.18%) Kali Linux
15 14 (0.17%) Mac OS
15 14 (0.17%) Mac OS X
16 12 (0.14%) Solaris
16 12 (0.14%) Windows 10
17 11 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,883 (34.26%) Agile Software Development
2 2,269 (26.96%) DevOps
3 1,698 (20.18%) Software Engineering
4 1,524 (18.11%) Data Science
5 1,504 (17.87%) Analytics
6 1,415 (16.82%) Machine Learning
7 994 (11.81%) Microservices
8 984 (11.69%) Computer Science
9 884 (10.51%) Fintech
10 849 (10.09%) Problem-Solving
11 769 (9.14%) Artificial Intelligence
12 761 (9.04%) Business Intelligence
13 754 (8.96%) Mentoring
14 729 (8.66%) Asset Management
15 707 (8.40%) Continuous Integration
16 705 (8.38%) Test Automation
17 689 (8.19%) Mathematics
18 632 (7.51%) ETL
19 629 (7.47%) TDD
20 619 (7.36%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,921 (34.71%) Java
2 2,573 (30.58%) SQL
3 1,554 (18.47%) JavaScript
4 1,284 (15.26%) C#
5 1,172 (13.93%) R
6 1,150 (13.67%) C++
7 1,028 (12.22%) Bash Shell
8 830 (9.86%) Ruby
9 787 (9.35%) Go
10 759 (9.02%) Scala
11 571 (6.79%) PowerShell
12 414 (4.92%) PHP
13 376 (4.47%) C
14 362 (4.30%) Perl
15 241 (2.86%) Shell Script
16 185 (2.20%) TypeScript
17 166 (1.97%) Kotlin
18 135 (1.60%) VBA
19 134 (1.59%) MATLAB
20 126 (1.50%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,279 (15.20%) Degree
2 365 (4.34%) Computer Science Degree
3 311 (3.70%) PhD
4 130 (1.54%) Security Cleared
5 101 (1.20%) Master's Degree
6 74 (0.88%) Numerate Degree
7 72 (0.86%) SC Cleared
8 52 (0.62%) Cisco Certification
8 52 (0.62%) CISSP
9 45 (0.53%) AWS Certification
10 40 (0.48%) CISM
11 38 (0.45%) CCNP
11 38 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
12 33 (0.39%) CISA
13 32 (0.38%) CCIE
14 29 (0.34%) ISTQB
15 20 (0.24%) CCNA
16 19 (0.23%) CREST Certified
16 19 (0.23%) MCSD
17 15 (0.18%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 460 (5.47%) QA
2 142 (1.69%) Data Quality
3 33 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 32 (0.38%) GDPR
5 21 (0.25%) MiFID
6 20 (0.24%) EMIR
7 15 (0.18%) Dodd-Frank
7 15 (0.18%) SLA
8 14 (0.17%) PCI DSS
9 12 (0.14%) Actionable Recommendations
10 8 (0.095%) DICOM
10 8 (0.095%) NIST
11 5 (0.059%) PSD2
12 2 (0.024%) JTAG
12 2 (0.024%) PMO
13 1 (0.012%) COBIT
13 1 (0.012%) CRD IV
13 1 (0.012%) FedRAMP
13 1 (0.012%) FISMA
13 1 (0.012%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 2,104 (25.00%) Docker
2 138 (1.64%) Active Directory
3 102 (1.21%) HDFS
4 77 (0.92%) VMware Infrastructure
5 38 (0.45%) Hyper-V
6 26 (0.31%) VirtualBox
7 25 (0.30%) Apache Flume
7 25 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 23 (0.27%) Xen
9 22 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
10 20 (0.24%) Varnish
11 19 (0.23%) XenApp
12 17 (0.20%) KVM
13 16 (0.19%) vSphere
14 15 (0.18%) VMware Workstation
15 14 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
16 13 (0.15%) Firmware
17 11 (0.13%) iptables
17 11 (0.13%) XenDesktop
18 10 (0.12%) Cronacle
Systems Management
1 1,595 (18.95%) Kubernetes
2 1,256 (14.93%) Ansible
3 1,159 (13.77%) Terraform
4 849 (10.09%) Puppet
5 680 (8.08%) Opscode Chef
6 179 (2.13%) Packer
7 172 (2.04%) Prometheus
8 148 (1.76%) Salt
9 141 (1.68%) Grafana
10 113 (1.34%) Consul
11 110 (1.31%) Nagios
12 107 (1.27%) Docker Swarm
13 98 (1.16%) Rancher
14 95 (1.13%) Kibana
15 76 (0.90%) Graphite
16 66 (0.78%) Hadoop YARN
17 57 (0.68%) Oozie
18 54 (0.64%) ZABBIX
19 51 (0.61%) Automic
20 50 (0.59%) Istio
Vendors
1 836 (9.93%) Google
2 510 (6.06%) Microsoft
3 389 (4.62%) Tableau
4 358 (4.25%) Oracle
5 275 (3.27%) Splunk
6 195 (2.32%) Bloomberg
7 155 (1.84%) Red Hat
8 121 (1.44%) Reuters
9 118 (1.40%) VMware
10 95 (1.13%) IBM
11 87 (1.03%) WorldPay
12 85 (1.01%) Informatica
13 81 (0.96%) Hortonworks
14 79 (0.94%) AppDynamics
15 78 (0.93%) Cloudera
16 74 (0.88%) Atlassian
16 74 (0.88%) Databricks
17 71 (0.84%) Talend
18 70 (0.83%) Cisco
19 66 (0.78%) Salesforce.com