Period
to 22 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 22 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
England > London
6 months to
22 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 13 20 23
Rank change year-on-year +7 +3 +11
Permanent jobs citing Python 8,449 7,365 7,039
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 11.96% 9.97% 8.51%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.11% 18.08% 15.63%
Number of salaries quoted 6,728 6,052 6,298
London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.85% +8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £38,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £100,000 £92,500
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +10.00%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 40,022 40,741 45,047
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 56.65% 55.17% 54.45%
Number of salaries quoted 32,906 33,376 39,692
London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £90,000 £85,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python in London.

Salary trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Salary histogram for Python in London

Python
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 22 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +3 1,589 £67,500 +3.85% 419
West London -2 227 £57,000 -0.87% 181
East London +14 106 £72,500 - 66
South London -7 80 £52,500 -15.15% 20
North London +7 16 £62,500 +19.05% 11
Python
England

For the 6 months to 22 July 2018, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 3,311 (39.19%) Java
2 2,927 (34.64%) Linux
3 2,600 (30.77%) Amazon AWS
4 2,553 (30.22%) Agile Software Development
5 2,430 (28.76%) Finance
6 2,381 (28.18%) SQL
7 2,358 (27.91%) DevOps
8 1,894 (22.42%) Docker
9 1,627 (19.26%) JavaScript
10 1,624 (19.22%) Big Data
11 1,547 (18.31%) Degree
12 1,525 (18.05%) C++
13 1,469 (17.39%) Machine Learning
14 1,465 (17.34%) Analytics
15 1,367 (16.18%) Ruby
16 1,357 (16.06%) Computer Science
17 1,345 (15.92%) Data Science
18 1,330 (15.74%) Ansible
18 1,330 (15.74%) Software Engineering
19 1,301 (15.40%) C#
20 1,284 (15.20%) Bash Shell
21 1,202 (14.23%) Jenkins
22 1,168 (13.82%) Problem-Solving
23 1,157 (13.69%) Puppet
23 1,157 (13.69%) Perl
24 1,083 (12.82%) Continuous Integration
25 1,037 (12.27%) Apache Spark
26 1,027 (12.16%) Scala
27 1,019 (12.06%) Microsoft Azure
28 1,000 (11.84%) Hadoop

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,037 (12.27%) Apache Spark
2 470 (5.56%) Elasticsearch
3 468 (5.54%) Apache
4 224 (2.65%) Tomcat
5 220 (2.60%) SAS
6 172 (2.04%) nginx
7 152 (1.80%) Confluence
8 146 (1.73%) OpenStack
9 97 (1.15%) Ethereum
10 92 (1.09%) Apache Solr
11 85 (1.01%) Apache Pig
12 70 (0.83%) CMS
13 61 (0.72%) WebSphere
14 51 (0.60%) Cloud Foundry
15 44 (0.52%) IIS
16 39 (0.46%) Jetty
17 38 (0.45%) Drupal
18 37 (0.44%) WordPress
19 32 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
19 32 (0.38%) JBoss
Applications
1 134 (1.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 64 (0.76%) SPSS
3 47 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
4 32 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 31 (0.37%) Chatbot
6 25 (0.30%) MS Visio
7 14 (0.17%) Photoshop
8 10 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
9 7 (0.083%) GNU Octave
10 6 (0.071%) Stata
11 5 (0.059%) InVision
12 4 (0.047%) Houdini
12 4 (0.047%) Maya
12 4 (0.047%) NUKE
13 3 (0.036%) CPLEX
13 3 (0.036%) Mathematica
14 2 (0.024%) Microsoft Project
15 1 (0.012%) Adobe Illustrator
15 1 (0.012%) AutoCAD
15 1 (0.012%) Blender
Business Applications
1 52 (0.62%) Distributed Ledger
2 43 (0.51%) thinkFolio
3 13 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
4 12 (0.14%) Summit
5 10 (0.12%) Ripple
6 8 (0.095%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 7 (0.083%) R3 Corda
7 7 (0.083%) Remedy ITSM
8 6 (0.071%) Payment Gateway
8 6 (0.071%) Sentinel
9 5 (0.059%) Documaker
9 5 (0.059%) FastStats
9 5 (0.059%) LatentZero
9 5 (0.059%) Magento
9 5 (0.059%) MetaTrader
9 5 (0.059%) Rolfe and Nolan
9 5 (0.059%) SAP ERP
10 4 (0.047%) ION MarketView
10 4 (0.047%) SAP InfiniteInsight
11 3 (0.036%) CSG Singleview
Cloud Services
1 2,600 (30.77%) Amazon AWS
2 1,019 (12.06%) Microsoft Azure
3 527 (6.24%) Google Cloud Platform
4 380 (4.50%) AWS CloudFormation
5 328 (3.88%) SaaS
6 326 (3.86%) Serverless
7 288 (3.41%) Amazon EC2
8 265 (3.14%) GitHub
9 244 (2.89%) AWS Lambda
10 233 (2.76%) Amazon S3
11 227 (2.69%) IaaS
12 211 (2.50%) PaaS
13 177 (2.09%) Cloud Computing
14 102 (1.21%) OpenShift
15 93 (1.10%) Amazon EMR
16 90 (1.07%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 88 (1.04%) Amazon ELB
18 86 (1.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 71 (0.84%) IBM Cloud
20 69 (0.82%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 324 (3.83%) Firewall
2 303 (3.59%) TCP/IP
3 302 (3.57%) DNS
4 244 (2.89%) HTTP
5 201 (2.38%) Internet
6 160 (1.89%) VPN
7 104 (1.23%) SSL
8 99 (1.17%) BGP
9 93 (1.10%) DHCP
9 93 (1.10%) WAN
10 78 (0.92%) OSPF
11 76 (0.90%) LAN
12 72 (0.85%) Network Security
13 71 (0.84%) Wireless
14 61 (0.72%) SMTP
15 50 (0.59%) Cisco Nexus
16 49 (0.58%) SAN
17 48 (0.57%) Cisco ASA
17 48 (0.57%) SSH
18 47 (0.56%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,624 (19.22%) Big Data
2 1,000 (11.84%) Hadoop
3 834 (9.87%) NoSQL
4 721 (8.53%) PostgreSQL
5 697 (8.25%) MySQL
6 602 (7.13%) SQL Server
7 586 (6.94%) Relational Database
8 574 (6.79%) MongoDB
9 389 (4.60%) Apache Hive
10 350 (4.14%) Apache Cassandra
11 305 (3.61%) Blockchain
12 281 (3.33%) Data Warehouse
13 263 (3.11%) Redis
14 215 (2.54%) HBase
15 203 (2.40%) Data Lake
16 202 (2.39%) Amazon Redshift
17 188 (2.23%) RDBMS
18 172 (2.04%) Power BI
19 147 (1.74%) Amazon RDS
20 140 (1.66%) Impala
Development Applications
1 1,202 (14.23%) Jenkins
2 996 (11.79%) Git (software)
3 363 (4.30%) JIRA
4 361 (4.27%) Selenium
5 335 (3.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 288 (3.41%) TeamCity
7 256 (3.03%) Subversion
8 255 (3.02%) Maven
9 250 (2.96%) Vagrant
10 196 (2.32%) Cucumber
11 180 (2.13%) Octopus Deploy
12 154 (1.82%) JUnit
13 123 (1.46%) Gradle
14 120 (1.42%) GitLab
15 111 (1.31%) Sonatype Nexus
16 103 (1.22%) Bitbucket
17 97 (1.15%) Team Foundation Server
18 93 (1.10%) JMeter
19 92 (1.09%) Hudson
20 86 (1.02%) gulp
General
1 2,430 (28.76%) Finance
2 940 (11.13%) Banking
3 530 (6.27%) Front Office
4 478 (5.66%) Investment Banking
5 333 (3.94%) Retail
6 332 (3.93%) Financial Institution
7 315 (3.73%) Marketing
8 212 (2.51%) Games
9 142 (1.68%) Advertising
10 135 (1.60%) Telecoms
11 113 (1.34%) Law
12 77 (0.91%) Legal
13 63 (0.75%) Publishing
14 55 (0.65%) Electronics
15 49 (0.58%) French Language
16 46 (0.54%) Manufacturing
17 41 (0.49%) German Language
17 41 (0.49%) Italian Language
18 25 (0.30%) Back Office
19 20 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,601 (30.78%) Developer
2 1,075 (12.72%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,002 (11.86%) Python Developer
4 645 (7.63%) Data Scientist
5 512 (6.06%) Senior Developer
6 500 (5.92%) Data Engineer
7 433 (5.12%) Python Engineer
8 428 (5.07%) Java Developer
9 409 (4.84%) Analyst
10 397 (4.70%) AWS Engineer
11 386 (4.57%) Software Engineer
12 345 (4.08%) Cloud Engineer
13 331 (3.92%) Linux Engineer
14 328 (3.88%) AWS DevOps
15 299 (3.54%) Architect
16 264 (3.12%) Consultant
17 259 (3.07%) Junior
18 236 (2.79%) Software Developer
19 227 (2.69%) AWS DevOps Engineer
20 225 (2.66%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 721 (8.53%) HTML
1 721 (8.53%) Web Services
2 619 (7.33%) .NET
3 600 (7.10%) Node.js
4 597 (7.07%) React
5 587 (6.95%) AngularJS
6 561 (6.64%) Django
7 547 (6.47%) Kafka
8 539 (6.38%) CSS
9 477 (5.65%) REST
10 413 (4.89%) Natural Language Processing
11 364 (4.31%) RESTful
12 338 (4.00%) Pandas
13 316 (3.74%) RabbitMQ
14 315 (3.73%) NumPy
15 285 (3.37%) Flask
16 278 (3.29%) Spring
17 260 (3.08%) XML
18 246 (2.91%) JSON
19 214 (2.53%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 1,357 (16.06%) Computer Science
2 890 (10.53%) Analytical Skills
3 833 (9.86%) Fintech
4 784 (9.28%) Algorithms
5 416 (4.92%) Hedge funds
6 387 (4.58%) Greenfield Project
7 324 (3.83%) Derivative
8 297 (3.52%) Equities
9 296 (3.50%) Data Structures
10 290 (3.43%) Fixed Income
11 260 (3.08%) Cyberthreat
12 249 (2.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 242 (2.86%) Self-Motivation
14 235 (2.78%) User Experience
15 228 (2.70%) Data Centre
16 211 (2.50%) Public Cloud
17 198 (2.34%) Management Information System
18 182 (2.15%) Linux Command Line
19 134 (1.59%) Mobile App
20 113 (1.34%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 2,927 (34.64%) Linux
2 882 (10.44%) Unix
3 781 (9.24%) Windows
4 273 (3.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 244 (2.89%) CentOS
6 191 (2.26%) Ubuntu
7 144 (1.70%) Android
8 103 (1.22%) Windows Server
9 99 (1.17%) Apple iOS
10 92 (1.09%) Debian
11 73 (0.86%) Solaris
12 56 (0.66%) CoreOS
13 51 (0.60%) Mac OS X
14 38 (0.45%) Fedora
15 36 (0.43%) VMS
16 32 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
17 29 (0.34%) SUSE
17 29 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
18 22 (0.26%) AIX
19 20 (0.24%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,553 (30.22%) Agile Software Development
2 2,358 (27.91%) DevOps
3 1,469 (17.39%) Machine Learning
4 1,465 (17.34%) Analytics
5 1,345 (15.92%) Data Science
6 1,330 (15.74%) Software Engineering
7 1,168 (13.82%) Problem-Solving
8 1,083 (12.82%) Continuous Integration
9 989 (11.71%) Mathematics
10 833 (9.86%) TDD
11 811 (9.60%) Microservices
12 801 (9.48%) Test Automation
13 796 (9.42%) Configuration Management
14 770 (9.11%) Open Source
15 745 (8.82%) Artificial Intelligence
16 619 (7.33%) Scrum
17 553 (6.55%) OO
18 502 (5.94%) ETL
19 495 (5.86%) SDLC
20 479 (5.67%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 3,311 (39.19%) Java
2 2,381 (28.18%) SQL
3 1,627 (19.26%) JavaScript
4 1,525 (18.05%) C++
5 1,367 (16.18%) Ruby
6 1,301 (15.40%) C#
7 1,284 (15.20%) Bash Shell
8 1,157 (13.69%) Perl
9 1,027 (12.16%) Scala
10 993 (11.75%) R
11 599 (7.09%) Go
12 578 (6.84%) PowerShell
13 570 (6.75%) PHP
14 540 (6.39%) C
15 403 (4.77%) Shell Script
16 242 (2.86%) MATLAB
17 160 (1.89%) VBA
18 141 (1.67%) Korn
19 115 (1.36%) T-SQL
20 111 (1.31%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,547 (18.31%) Degree
2 506 (5.99%) PhD
3 459 (5.43%) Computer Science Degree
4 210 (2.49%) Master's Degree
5 178 (2.11%) Numerate Degree
6 139 (1.65%) AWS Certification
7 126 (1.49%) Cisco Certification
8 118 (1.40%) Security Cleared
9 103 (1.22%) CCNP
10 62 (0.73%) CCNA
11 54 (0.64%) SC Cleared
12 53 (0.63%) CISSP
13 45 (0.53%) DV Cleared
14 44 (0.52%) CCIE
15 38 (0.45%) SANS
16 37 (0.44%) OSCP
16 37 (0.44%) RHCE
17 34 (0.40%) CEH
17 34 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
18 27 (0.32%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 525 (6.21%) QA
2 216 (2.56%) GCP
3 57 (0.67%) Data Quality
4 51 (0.60%) PCI DSS
5 33 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 28 (0.33%) GDPR
7 20 (0.24%) SLA
8 19 (0.22%) MiFID
9 8 (0.095%) EMIR
10 7 (0.083%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 7 (0.083%) Solvency II
11 6 (0.071%) Cyber Essentials
12 5 (0.059%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 5 (0.059%) Dodd-Frank
12 5 (0.059%) ISO 14001
12 5 (0.059%) ISO 9001
13 4 (0.047%) Actionable Recommendations
13 4 (0.047%) HL7
13 4 (0.047%) NIST 800
13 4 (0.047%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,894 (22.42%) Docker
2 198 (2.34%) HDFS
3 183 (2.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 132 (1.56%) Active Directory
5 103 (1.22%) Virtual Machines
6 88 (1.04%) Apache Flume
7 62 (0.73%) Hyper-V
8 52 (0.62%) KVM
9 51 (0.60%) VirtualBox
10 45 (0.53%) NFS
11 35 (0.41%) iptables
12 33 (0.39%) vSphere
13 29 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
14 26 (0.31%) XenApp
15 24 (0.28%) LXC
16 23 (0.27%) Snort
17 22 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 22 (0.26%) XenDesktop
18 21 (0.25%) Samba
19 20 (0.24%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,330 (15.74%) Ansible
2 1,157 (13.69%) Puppet
3 945 (11.18%) Kubernetes
4 909 (10.76%) Opscode Chef
5 754 (8.92%) Terraform
6 261 (3.09%) Nagios
7 239 (2.83%) Salt
8 138 (1.63%) ZABBIX
9 126 (1.49%) Docker Swarm
10 118 (1.40%) Packer
11 106 (1.25%) Prometheus
12 95 (1.12%) Kibana
13 91 (1.08%) Mesos
14 87 (1.03%) Grafana
15 65 (0.77%) logstash
15 65 (0.77%) Oozie
16 64 (0.76%) Graphite
17 63 (0.75%) Consul
18 61 (0.72%) Hadoop YARN
19 41 (0.49%) Rancher
Vendors
1 660 (7.81%) Google
2 497 (5.88%) Oracle
3 490 (5.80%) Microsoft
4 386 (4.57%) Red Hat
5 355 (4.20%) Tableau
6 327 (3.87%) VMware
7 227 (2.69%) Splunk
8 210 (2.49%) Cisco
9 190 (2.25%) Cloudera
10 151 (1.79%) IBM
11 146 (1.73%) Sybase
12 127 (1.50%) New Relic
13 103 (1.22%) Talend
14 99 (1.17%) Hortonworks
15 98 (1.16%) SAP
16 93 (1.10%) SaltStack
17 92 (1.09%) Informatica
18 90 (1.07%) WorldPay
19 80 (0.95%) AppDynamics
20 72 (0.85%) F5