Period
to 19 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 19 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
England > London
6 months to
19 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 7 13 21
Rank change year-on-year +6 +8 0
Permanent jobs citing Python 8,564 8,374 7,445
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 15.27% 12.11% 10.04%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.23% 21.32% 18.20%
Number of salaries quoted 7,006 6,676 6,079
London median annual salary £70,000 £69,500 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.72% +6.92% +8.33%
10th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
90th Percentile £110,000 £102,500 £101,250
England median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 31,449 39,274 40,914
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 56.09% 56.78% 55.19%
Number of salaries quoted 26,437 32,270 32,936
London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £36,250
90th Percentile £98,750 £95,000 £90,000
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python in London.

Salary trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 19 August 2019.

Salary histogram for Python in London

Python
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 19 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +10 2,179 £72,500 +3.57% 428
West London +14 270 £60,000 +4.35% 149
South London +19 132 £65,000 +30.00% 27
East London +3 62 £60,000 -20.00% 71
North London +15 24 £51,250 -21.15% 8
Python
England

For the 6 months to 19 August 2019, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 3,366 (39.30%) Amazon AWS
2 3,004 (35.08%) Agile Software Development
3 3,001 (35.04%) Java
4 2,640 (30.83%) DevOps
5 2,427 (28.34%) SQL
6 2,381 (27.80%) Finance
7 2,308 (26.95%) Linux
8 2,177 (25.42%) Docker
9 1,582 (18.47%) Software Engineering
10 1,569 (18.32%) Microsoft Azure
11 1,560 (18.22%) JavaScript
12 1,523 (17.78%) Data Science
13 1,492 (17.42%) Kubernetes
14 1,467 (17.13%) Analytics
15 1,464 (17.09%) Machine Learning
16 1,317 (15.38%) Ansible
17 1,224 (14.29%) Big Data
18 1,199 (14.00%) Degree
19 1,176 (13.73%) C#
20 1,175 (13.72%) Google Cloud Platform
21 1,159 (13.53%) Bash Shell
22 1,121 (13.09%) C++
23 1,117 (13.04%) Terraform
24 1,037 (12.11%) Jenkins
25 1,019 (11.90%) Apache Spark
26 980 (11.44%) Git (software)
27 973 (11.36%) Hadoop
28 954 (11.14%) Scala
29 950 (11.09%) R
30 932 (10.88%) Computer Science

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,019 (11.90%) Apache Spark
2 427 (4.99%) Elasticsearch
3 343 (4.01%) Apache
4 147 (1.72%) SAS
5 145 (1.69%) Confluence
6 140 (1.63%) Apache Pig
7 122 (1.42%) nginx
8 103 (1.20%) Tomcat
9 91 (1.06%) OpenStack
10 74 (0.86%) Apache Airflow
11 64 (0.75%) IIS
11 64 (0.75%) Jupyter
12 59 (0.69%) Apache Solr
13 48 (0.56%) SharePoint
14 34 (0.40%) WebSphere
15 29 (0.34%) JBoss
16 28 (0.33%) Tornado
17 27 (0.32%) Ethereum
18 25 (0.29%) Cloud Foundry
19 23 (0.27%) CMS
Applications
1 160 (1.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 62 (0.72%) SPSS
3 32 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
4 22 (0.26%) Stata
5 21 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 19 (0.22%) Chatbot
7 12 (0.14%) Mathematica
8 10 (0.12%) Photoshop
9 9 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
10 4 (0.047%) GNU Octave
10 4 (0.047%) NUKE
10 4 (0.047%) Zeplin
11 3 (0.035%) Adobe Illustrator
11 3 (0.035%) AutoCAD
11 3 (0.035%) EngageOne
11 3 (0.035%) EViews
11 3 (0.035%) InDesign
11 3 (0.035%) MS Visio
12 2 (0.023%) 3ds Max
12 2 (0.023%) Maya
Business Applications
1 47 (0.55%) Payment Gateway
2 19 (0.22%) Distributed Ledger
2 19 (0.22%) thinkFolio
3 9 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
3 9 (0.11%) SimCorp Dimension
4 8 (0.093%) Dynamics CRM
5 7 (0.082%) Eze OMS
5 7 (0.082%) R3 Corda
6 5 (0.058%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 5 (0.058%) Magento
7 4 (0.047%) Bloomberg TOMS
7 4 (0.047%) NetSuite
8 3 (0.035%) Actimize
8 3 (0.035%) Exstream
8 3 (0.035%) MetaTrader
8 3 (0.035%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 2 (0.023%) Oracle Receivables
9 2 (0.023%) SAP ERP
9 2 (0.023%) SAP InfiniteInsight
9 2 (0.023%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 3,366 (39.30%) Amazon AWS
2 1,569 (18.32%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,175 (13.72%) Google Cloud Platform
4 525 (6.13%) Serverless
5 408 (4.76%) Power Platform
6 406 (4.74%) AWS Lambda
7 361 (4.22%) AWS CloudFormation
8 358 (4.18%) Amazon S3
9 298 (3.48%) SaaS
10 273 (3.19%) GitHub
11 262 (3.06%) PaaS
12 253 (2.95%) Amazon EC2
13 230 (2.69%) Amazon ECS
14 176 (2.06%) Cloud Computing
15 169 (1.97%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 168 (1.96%) Amazon SQS
17 138 (1.61%) IaaS
18 127 (1.48%) Amazon Kinesis
18 127 (1.48%) OpenShift
19 112 (1.31%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 234 (2.73%) Firewall
2 139 (1.62%) TCP/IP
3 118 (1.38%) DNS
4 115 (1.34%) HTTP
5 106 (1.24%) Internet
6 93 (1.09%) VPN
7 65 (0.76%) Network Security
8 43 (0.50%) DHCP
9 32 (0.37%) WAN
10 30 (0.35%) LAN
10 30 (0.35%) Wireless
11 27 (0.32%) SSL
12 26 (0.30%) BGP
13 25 (0.29%) OSPF
14 24 (0.28%) SSH
15 23 (0.27%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
16 22 (0.26%) Intrusion Detection
17 21 (0.25%) MPLS
17 21 (0.25%) SNMP
18 19 (0.22%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,224 (14.29%) Big Data
2 973 (11.36%) Hadoop
3 722 (8.43%) NoSQL
4 644 (7.52%) PostgreSQL
5 601 (7.02%) SQL Server
6 595 (6.95%) MySQL
7 506 (5.91%) Data Warehouse
8 419 (4.89%) MongoDB
9 404 (4.72%) Apache Hive
9 404 (4.72%) Power BI
10 383 (4.47%) Relational Database
11 270 (3.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 253 (2.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 239 (2.79%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 231 (2.70%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 228 (2.66%) Amazon RDS
16 225 (2.63%) Amazon Redshift
17 213 (2.49%) HBase
18 208 (2.43%) Apache Cassandra
19 202 (2.36%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,037 (12.11%) Jenkins
2 980 (11.44%) Git (software)
3 392 (4.58%) JIRA
4 344 (4.02%) Selenium
5 233 (2.72%) TeamCity
6 231 (2.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 191 (2.23%) Bitbucket
8 163 (1.90%) Cucumber
9 154 (1.80%) Maven
10 146 (1.70%) GitLab
11 126 (1.47%) Subversion
12 117 (1.37%) Octopus Deploy
13 114 (1.33%) JMeter
14 113 (1.32%) WebDriver
15 104 (1.21%) Travis CI
16 100 (1.17%) Visual Studio
17 98 (1.14%) Appium
17 98 (1.14%) Team Foundation Server
17 98 (1.14%) webpack
18 94 (1.10%) JUnit
General
1 2,381 (27.80%) Finance
2 728 (8.50%) Banking
3 493 (5.76%) Front Office
4 419 (4.89%) Retail
5 348 (4.06%) Marketing
6 251 (2.93%) Law
7 212 (2.48%) Games
8 162 (1.89%) Public Sector
9 150 (1.75%) Telecoms
10 148 (1.73%) Advertising
11 108 (1.26%) Investment Banking
12 98 (1.14%) Financial Institution
13 61 (0.71%) Back Office
14 48 (0.56%) Electronics
15 44 (0.51%) Billing
15 44 (0.51%) Legal
16 42 (0.49%) Automotive
17 40 (0.47%) Publishing
18 33 (0.39%) Manufacturing
19 30 (0.35%) French Language
Job Titles
1 2,467 (28.81%) Developer
2 1,205 (14.07%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,030 (12.03%) Python Developer
4 768 (8.97%) Data Engineer
5 667 (7.79%) Python Engineer
6 660 (7.71%) AWS Engineer
7 573 (6.69%) Software Engineer
8 570 (6.66%) Data Scientist
9 438 (5.11%) Analyst
10 402 (4.69%) Cloud Engineer
11 400 (4.67%) Java Developer
12 389 (4.54%) AWS DevOps
13 368 (4.30%) Architect
14 359 (4.19%) Senior Developer
15 337 (3.94%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 309 (3.61%) Linux Engineer
17 305 (3.56%) Junior
18 288 (3.36%) Senior DevOps
19 246 (2.87%) Senior DevOps Engineer
20 241 (2.81%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 763 (8.91%) Web Services
2 759 (8.86%) Node.js
3 621 (7.25%) React
4 590 (6.89%) Kafka
5 582 (6.80%) .NET
6 557 (6.50%) HTML
7 529 (6.18%) AngularJS
8 511 (5.97%) Django
9 469 (5.48%) CSS
10 403 (4.71%) REST
11 325 (3.79%) Pandas
12 304 (3.55%) Flask
13 303 (3.54%) Elastic Stack
14 300 (3.50%) RESTful
15 271 (3.16%) NumPy
16 270 (3.15%) Natural Language Processing
17 231 (2.70%) TensorFlow
18 225 (2.63%) scikit-learn
19 195 (2.28%) HTML5
20 192 (2.24%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 858 (10.02%) Analytical Skills
2 653 (7.62%) Algorithms
3 465 (5.43%) Greenfield Project
4 424 (4.95%) Fixed Income
5 330 (3.85%) Hedge funds
6 326 (3.81%) Derivative
7 304 (3.55%) Public Cloud
8 277 (3.23%) Data Structures
9 232 (2.71%) User Experience
10 212 (2.48%) Data Centre
11 173 (2.02%) Equities
12 168 (1.96%) Mobile App
13 161 (1.88%) Self-Motivation
14 157 (1.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 143 (1.67%) Linux Command Line
16 133 (1.55%) Management Information System
17 108 (1.26%) Virtual Team
18 106 (1.24%) Cloud Native
18 106 (1.24%) Robotics
19 98 (1.14%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 2,308 (26.95%) Linux
2 725 (8.47%) Windows
3 666 (7.78%) Unix
4 154 (1.80%) CentOS
5 126 (1.47%) Windows Server
6 124 (1.45%) Ubuntu
7 116 (1.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 114 (1.33%) Android
9 105 (1.23%) Apple iOS
10 36 (0.42%) Debian
11 32 (0.37%) CoreOS
12 27 (0.32%) Mesosphere
13 21 (0.25%) Mac OS
13 21 (0.25%) Windows 10
14 15 (0.18%) VMS
15 14 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
16 11 (0.13%) Fedora
17 10 (0.12%) Kali Linux
17 10 (0.12%) Mac OS X
17 10 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,004 (35.08%) Agile Software Development
2 2,640 (30.83%) DevOps
3 1,582 (18.47%) Software Engineering
4 1,523 (17.78%) Data Science
5 1,467 (17.13%) Analytics
6 1,464 (17.09%) Machine Learning
7 932 (10.88%) Computer Science
8 852 (9.95%) Continuous Integration
9 813 (9.49%) Business Intelligence
10 809 (9.45%) Microservices
11 804 (9.39%) Artificial Intelligence
11 804 (9.39%) Problem-Solving
12 780 (9.11%) Fintech
13 754 (8.80%) Test Automation
14 715 (8.35%) Open Source
15 663 (7.74%) Scrum
16 661 (7.72%) TDD
17 658 (7.68%) Mathematics
18 615 (7.18%) Mentoring
19 589 (6.88%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 3,001 (35.04%) Java
2 2,427 (28.34%) SQL
3 1,560 (18.22%) JavaScript
4 1,176 (13.73%) C#
5 1,159 (13.53%) Bash Shell
6 1,121 (13.09%) C++
7 954 (11.14%) Scala
8 950 (11.09%) R
9 918 (10.72%) Ruby
10 683 (7.98%) Go
11 660 (7.71%) PowerShell
12 519 (6.06%) PHP
13 478 (5.58%) Perl
14 346 (4.04%) C
15 218 (2.55%) Shell Script
16 163 (1.90%) T-SQL
17 147 (1.72%) Groovy
18 139 (1.62%) VBA
19 122 (1.42%) TypeScript
20 118 (1.38%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 1,199 (14.00%) Degree
2 296 (3.46%) Computer Science Degree
3 289 (3.37%) PhD
4 195 (2.28%) Security Cleared
5 114 (1.33%) Master's Degree
6 95 (1.11%) SC Cleared
7 82 (0.96%) CISSP
8 78 (0.91%) Numerate Degree
9 76 (0.89%) AWS Certification
10 40 (0.47%) CISM
11 39 (0.46%) Cisco Certification
12 35 (0.41%) CISA
13 33 (0.39%) ISTQB
14 31 (0.36%) DV Cleared
15 27 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
16 24 (0.28%) CEH
17 23 (0.27%) CCNA
18 21 (0.25%) CCNP
19 20 (0.23%) SANS
20 14 (0.16%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 458 (5.35%) QA
2 99 (1.16%) Data Quality
3 27 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 24 (0.28%) GDPR
5 13 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
6 11 (0.13%) NIST
7 8 (0.093%) DICOM
8 7 (0.082%) HIPAA
9 6 (0.070%) NCSC
9 6 (0.070%) SLA
10 5 (0.058%) COBIT
11 4 (0.047%) PCI DSS
11 4 (0.047%) PMO
12 3 (0.035%) ISAE 3402
12 3 (0.035%) MiFID
13 2 (0.023%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 2 (0.023%) Solvency II
14 1 (0.012%) CRD IV
14 1 (0.012%) EMIR
14 1 (0.012%) GPG13
System Software
1 2,177 (25.42%) Docker
2 118 (1.38%) Active Directory
3 97 (1.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 86 (1.00%) HDFS
5 68 (0.79%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 64 (0.75%) Apache Flume
7 49 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
8 48 (0.56%) Hyper-V
9 41 (0.48%) vSphere
10 39 (0.46%) KVM
11 25 (0.29%) Varnish
12 23 (0.27%) Xen
12 23 (0.27%) XenApp
13 19 (0.22%) Oracle RAC
14 17 (0.20%) Firmware
15 15 (0.18%) XenDesktop
16 14 (0.16%) VirtualBox
17 12 (0.14%) VMware Workstation
18 11 (0.13%) Citrix Hypervisor
19 10 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 1,492 (17.42%) Kubernetes
2 1,317 (15.38%) Ansible
3 1,117 (13.04%) Terraform
4 852 (9.95%) Puppet
5 747 (8.72%) Opscode Chef
6 197 (2.30%) Prometheus
7 185 (2.16%) Packer
8 156 (1.82%) Salt
9 150 (1.75%) Nagios
10 133 (1.55%) Grafana
11 120 (1.40%) Oozie
12 116 (1.35%) Hadoop YARN
13 111 (1.30%) Consul
14 92 (1.07%) Kibana
15 85 (0.99%) Docker Swarm
16 68 (0.79%) logstash
16 68 (0.79%) Rancher
17 65 (0.76%) Ambari
18 63 (0.74%) Graphite
19 57 (0.67%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 803 (9.38%) Google
2 624 (7.29%) Microsoft
3 411 (4.80%) Oracle
4 388 (4.53%) Tableau
5 288 (3.36%) Splunk
6 186 (2.17%) Bloomberg
7 181 (2.11%) Red Hat
8 179 (2.09%) Cloudera
9 169 (1.97%) Reuters
10 154 (1.80%) Databricks
11 140 (1.63%) VMware
12 111 (1.30%) Hortonworks
13 88 (1.03%) AppDynamics
13 88 (1.03%) Informatica
14 83 (0.97%) IBM
15 76 (0.89%) Talend
16 74 (0.86%) SAP
17 72 (0.84%) New Relic
17 72 (0.84%) WorldPay
18 58 (0.68%) SolarWinds