Period
to 17 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 17 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
England > London
6 months to
17 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 5 9 7
Rank change year-on-year +4 -2 +8
Permanent jobs citing Python 6,308 7,292 9,234
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 20.24% 15.93% 15.18%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.93% 28.20% 26.73%
Number of salaries quoted 5,046 6,063 7,755
10th Percentile £46,250 £44,800 £42,500
25th Percentile £58,750 £56,250 £53,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £75,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.14% +7.69%
75th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £88,750
90th Percentile £115,000 £118,750 £107,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £64,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +0.78% +7.50% +4.35%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 18,591 25,857 34,548
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 59.65% 56.48% 56.78%
Number of salaries quoted 15,074 21,632 29,286
10th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £38,000
25th Percentile £55,000 £51,250 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
75th Percentile £88,563 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £95,750
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Salary trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 17 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in London

Python
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 17 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -2 1,121 £75,000 - 371
South London +9 162 £62,500 -7.41% 16
West London -2 75 £70,000 +7.69% 125
East London -5 25 £70,000 -3.45% 84
North London +7 11 £60,000 +9.09% 9
Python
England

For the 6 months to 17 April 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 2,676 (42.42%) AWS
2 2,166 (34.34%) Agile Software Development
3 2,005 (31.79%) SQL
4 1,995 (31.63%) Finance
5 1,962 (31.10%) Java
6 1,770 (28.06%) Docker
7 1,728 (27.39%) DevOps
8 1,550 (24.57%) Software Engineering
9 1,516 (24.03%) Kubernetes
10 1,425 (22.59%) JavaScript
11 1,322 (20.96%) Azure
12 1,302 (20.64%) GCP
13 1,136 (18.01%) Analytics
14 1,130 (17.91%) Linux
15 969 (15.36%) Data Science
16 936 (14.84%) Terraform
17 914 (14.49%) Machine Learning
18 829 (13.14%) Microservices
19 815 (12.92%) React
20 783 (12.41%) Jenkins
21 771 (12.22%) Go
22 766 (12.14%) Degree
23 739 (11.72%) Serverless
24 716 (11.35%) C#
25 702 (11.13%) Artificial Intelligence
26 700 (11.10%) Ansible
27 676 (10.72%) Git (software)
28 663 (10.51%) Computer Science
29 621 (9.84%) Fintech
30 604 (9.58%) Big Data

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 482 (7.64%) Apache Spark
2 230 (3.65%) Apache
3 213 (3.38%) Apache Airflow
4 193 (3.06%) Elasticsearch
5 130 (2.06%) Confluence
6 105 (1.66%) SAS
7 47 (0.75%) Luigi
8 39 (0.62%) nginx
9 31 (0.49%) IIS
10 30 (0.48%) Apache Pig
11 27 (0.43%) Jupyter
12 25 (0.40%) Cloud Foundry
12 25 (0.40%) OpenStack
13 17 (0.27%) Drupal
13 17 (0.27%) WordPress
14 16 (0.25%) Tornado
15 14 (0.22%) WebSphere
16 13 (0.21%) CMS
17 11 (0.17%) MTS
17 11 (0.17%) Tomcat
Applications
1 127 (2.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 26 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
3 23 (0.36%) SPSS
4 21 (0.33%) MS Visio
5 12 (0.19%) Photoshop
6 10 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 10 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
7 7 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
8 6 (0.095%) Sketch
9 5 (0.079%) Fireworks
9 5 (0.079%) Stata
10 4 (0.063%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 4 (0.063%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.032%) Gephi
11 2 (0.032%) GIMP
11 2 (0.032%) SPSS Modeler
12 1 (0.016%) Inkscape
12 1 (0.016%) InVision
12 1 (0.016%) Mingle
12 1 (0.016%) Weka
Business Applications
1 19 (0.30%) R3 Corda
2 15 (0.24%) Sentinel
3 14 (0.22%) Magento
4 12 (0.19%) Shopify
5 11 (0.17%) FINCAD Analytics
6 10 (0.16%) Eagle PACE
6 10 (0.16%) Markit EDM
7 5 (0.079%) Payment Gateway
8 4 (0.063%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 4 (0.063%) Oracle EBS
8 4 (0.063%) SAP Hybris
9 3 (0.048%) Distributed Ledger
9 3 (0.048%) Endur
10 2 (0.032%) Dynamics CRM
10 2 (0.032%) Eikon
10 2 (0.032%) MoSes
10 2 (0.032%) NetSuite
11 1 (0.016%) Dynamics AX
11 1 (0.016%) MetaTrader
11 1 (0.016%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 2,676 (42.42%) AWS
2 1,322 (20.96%) Azure
3 1,302 (20.64%) GCP
4 739 (11.72%) Serverless
5 411 (6.52%) AWS Lambda
6 288 (4.57%) Power Platform
7 276 (4.38%) Amazon EC2
8 273 (4.33%) Amazon S3
9 251 (3.98%) GitHub
10 249 (3.95%) Amazon ECS
11 228 (3.61%) AWS CloudFormation
12 215 (3.41%) SaaS
13 159 (2.52%) PaaS
14 126 (2.00%) Amazon EKS
15 121 (1.92%) IaaS
16 120 (1.90%) Amazon Kinesis
17 101 (1.60%) Cloud Computing
18 94 (1.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 83 (1.32%) Azure Data Factory
20 79 (1.25%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 168 (2.66%) Firewall
2 95 (1.51%) TCP/IP
3 87 (1.38%) HTTP
4 77 (1.22%) DNS
5 69 (1.09%) Internet
6 49 (0.78%) SSH
7 43 (0.68%) WAN
8 41 (0.65%) BGP
8 41 (0.65%) VPN
9 37 (0.59%) Network Security
10 34 (0.54%) Multicast
11 33 (0.52%) LAN
11 33 (0.52%) Wireless
12 30 (0.48%) OSPF
13 29 (0.46%) DHCP
14 24 (0.38%) MPLS
15 22 (0.35%) VoIP
16 20 (0.32%) FTP
16 20 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
17 16 (0.25%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 604 (9.58%) Big Data
2 544 (8.62%) PostgreSQL
3 457 (7.24%) NoSQL
4 404 (6.40%) Relational Database
5 396 (6.28%) Data Warehouse
6 379 (6.01%) SQL Server
7 351 (5.56%) Hadoop
8 332 (5.26%) MySQL
9 314 (4.98%) Tableau
10 286 (4.53%) Power BI
11 277 (4.39%) MongoDB
12 204 (3.23%) Amazon Redshift
13 167 (2.65%) BigQuery
14 161 (2.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 156 (2.47%) Amazon RDS
16 152 (2.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 148 (2.35%) Redis
18 144 (2.28%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 124 (1.97%) Data Lake
20 121 (1.92%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 783 (12.41%) Jenkins
2 676 (10.72%) Git (software)
3 363 (5.75%) GitLab
4 315 (4.99%) JIRA
5 142 (2.25%) Selenium
6 140 (2.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 110 (1.74%) CircleCI
8 104 (1.65%) Artifactory
9 101 (1.60%) TeamCity
10 96 (1.52%) Cucumber
11 93 (1.47%) Bitbucket
11 93 (1.47%) Sonatype Nexus
12 77 (1.22%) Maven
13 70 (1.11%) JMeter
14 65 (1.03%) Vagrant
15 63 (1.00%) Travis CI
16 59 (0.94%) Appium
17 56 (0.89%) Cypress.io
18 50 (0.79%) Subversion
19 44 (0.70%) JUnit
General
1 1,995 (31.63%) Finance
2 536 (8.50%) Banking
3 447 (7.09%) Front Office
4 265 (4.20%) Marketing
5 232 (3.68%) Games
6 199 (3.15%) Retail
7 193 (3.06%) Public Sector
8 164 (2.60%) Telecoms
9 120 (1.90%) Investment Banking
10 118 (1.87%) Advertising
11 110 (1.74%) Electronics
12 108 (1.71%) Manufacturing
13 89 (1.41%) Back Office
14 73 (1.16%) Law
15 62 (0.98%) Legal
16 58 (0.92%) Financial Institution
17 24 (0.38%) Brand Awareness
18 18 (0.29%) Multimedia
19 17 (0.27%) Automotive
20 15 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,874 (29.71%) Developer
2 790 (12.52%) Python Developer
3 788 (12.49%) Software Engineer
4 663 (10.51%) DevOps Engineer
5 653 (10.35%) Data Engineer
6 512 (8.12%) Python Engineer
7 406 (6.44%) AWS Engineer
8 350 (5.55%) Analyst
9 331 (5.25%) Senior Developer
10 297 (4.71%) Data Scientist
11 294 (4.66%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 234 (3.71%) Java Developer
13 229 (3.63%) Architect
14 221 (3.50%) React Developer
15 190 (3.01%) Senior DevOps
16 176 (2.79%) Senior Python Developer
17 175 (2.77%) Senior Software Engineer
18 173 (2.74%) Senior DevOps Engineer
19 168 (2.66%) AWS DevOps
20 162 (2.57%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 815 (12.92%) React
2 600 (9.51%) Node.js
3 598 (9.48%) .NET
3 598 (9.48%) Web Services
4 591 (9.37%) Kafka
5 456 (7.23%) Django
6 435 (6.90%) AngularJS
7 333 (5.28%) REST
8 311 (4.93%) HTML
9 276 (4.38%) Flask
10 274 (4.34%) GraphQL
11 262 (4.15%) RESTful
12 251 (3.98%) CSS
13 216 (3.42%) Vue.js
14 207 (3.28%) React Native
15 193 (3.06%) NumPy
16 187 (2.96%) .NET Core
17 174 (2.76%) Pandas
18 166 (2.63%) Spring
19 158 (2.50%) Natural Language Processing
Miscellaneous
1 445 (7.05%) Analytical Skills
2 416 (6.59%) Hedge funds
3 332 (5.26%) Equities
4 331 (5.25%) Algorithms
5 329 (5.22%) Derivative
6 314 (4.98%) Greenfield Project
7 230 (3.65%) Fixed Income
8 202 (3.20%) Data Structures
9 198 (3.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 188 (2.98%) Cloud Native
11 145 (2.30%) User Experience
12 142 (2.25%) Blog
13 141 (2.24%) Mobile App
14 106 (1.68%) Public Cloud
15 102 (1.62%) Data Centre
16 98 (1.55%) Linux Command Line
17 97 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
18 69 (1.09%) Market Risk
19 65 (1.03%) Equity Derivative
20 61 (0.97%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1,130 (17.91%) Linux
2 377 (5.98%) Unix
3 360 (5.71%) Windows
4 105 (1.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 104 (1.65%) Android
6 76 (1.20%) CentOS
7 62 (0.98%) Apple iOS
8 54 (0.86%) Windows Server
9 37 (0.59%) Ubuntu
10 18 (0.29%) Debian
11 14 (0.22%) Solaris
11 14 (0.22%) Windows 10
12 13 (0.21%) Windows Server 2016
13 12 (0.19%) Windows 7
14 11 (0.17%) Mac OS
15 9 (0.14%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 7 (0.11%) Mac OS X
17 6 (0.095%) Embedded Linux
17 6 (0.095%) Kali Linux
18 5 (0.079%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,166 (34.34%) Agile Software Development
2 1,728 (27.39%) DevOps
3 1,550 (24.57%) Software Engineering
4 1,136 (18.01%) Analytics
5 969 (15.36%) Data Science
6 914 (14.49%) Machine Learning
7 829 (13.14%) Microservices
8 702 (11.13%) Artificial Intelligence
9 663 (10.51%) Computer Science
10 621 (9.84%) Fintech
11 588 (9.32%) TDD
12 574 (9.10%) Business Intelligence
13 556 (8.81%) Asset Management
14 555 (8.80%) ETL
15 541 (8.58%) Continuous Integration
16 501 (7.94%) Problem-Solving
17 498 (7.89%) Infrastructure as Code
18 488 (7.74%) Mentoring
19 460 (7.29%) Test Automation
20 426 (6.75%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 2,005 (31.79%) SQL
2 1,962 (31.10%) Java
3 1,425 (22.59%) JavaScript
4 771 (12.22%) Go
5 716 (11.35%) C#
6 561 (8.89%) Bash Shell
7 533 (8.45%) C++
8 474 (7.51%) R
9 437 (6.93%) Scala
10 382 (6.06%) TypeScript
11 339 (5.37%) Ruby
12 320 (5.07%) PowerShell
13 233 (3.69%) C
14 214 (3.39%) Perl
15 198 (3.14%) PHP
16 188 (2.98%) Kotlin
17 164 (2.60%) Shell Script
18 84 (1.33%) Groovy
19 79 (1.25%) VBA
20 77 (1.22%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 766 (12.14%) Degree
2 250 (3.96%) Computer Science Degree
3 171 (2.71%) Security Cleared
4 165 (2.62%) PhD
5 128 (2.03%) SC Cleared
6 98 (1.55%) Master's Degree
7 62 (0.98%) Numerate Degree
8 48 (0.76%) DV Cleared
9 42 (0.67%) AWS Certification
10 38 (0.60%) Cisco Certification
11 22 (0.35%) CCNP
12 21 (0.33%) CISSP
13 17 (0.27%) CCIE
13 17 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
14 13 (0.21%) OSCP
15 11 (0.17%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 9 (0.14%) BPSS Clearance
16 9 (0.14%) CIW
16 9 (0.14%) OCP
16 9 (0.14%) OSCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 309 (4.90%) QA
2 90 (1.43%) Data Quality
3 50 (0.79%) GDPR
4 23 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 21 (0.33%) MiFID
6 18 (0.29%) NIST
7 11 (0.17%) Actionable Recommendations
7 11 (0.17%) PCI DSS
7 11 (0.17%) SOC 2
8 9 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
8 9 (0.14%) EMIR
8 9 (0.14%) SLA
8 9 (0.14%) SOC 1
9 7 (0.11%) GRC
10 6 (0.095%) WCAG
11 5 (0.079%) Basel II
11 5 (0.079%) CRD IV
12 4 (0.063%) WAI
13 3 (0.048%) ISO 9001
13 3 (0.048%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,770 (28.06%) Docker
2 82 (1.30%) Active Directory
3 67 (1.06%) VMware Infrastructure
4 50 (0.79%) VirtualBox
5 28 (0.44%) HDFS
6 23 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
7 13 (0.21%) VMware NSX
8 9 (0.14%) Firmware
8 9 (0.14%) Hyper-V
9 8 (0.13%) NFS
10 7 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
11 6 (0.095%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 6 (0.095%) KVM
11 6 (0.095%) Snort
11 6 (0.095%) VMware ESXi
12 5 (0.079%) Squid
13 4 (0.063%) Apache Flume
13 4 (0.063%) Xen
14 3 (0.048%) vSphere
15 2 (0.032%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 1,516 (24.03%) Kubernetes
2 936 (14.84%) Terraform
3 700 (11.10%) Ansible
4 423 (6.71%) Puppet
5 215 (3.41%) Opscode Chef
6 195 (3.09%) Prometheus
7 162 (2.57%) Grafana
8 83 (1.32%) Docker Swarm
9 54 (0.86%) Nagios
10 40 (0.63%) Packer
11 38 (0.60%) Consul
12 29 (0.46%) Salt
13 24 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
14 20 (0.32%) Istio
14 20 (0.32%) Kibana
15 18 (0.29%) ITRS Geneos
16 15 (0.24%) Failover Clustering
17 14 (0.22%) Graphite
18 12 (0.19%) logstash
18 12 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 596 (9.45%) Google
2 314 (4.98%) Microsoft
3 305 (4.84%) Oracle
4 112 (1.78%) Red Hat
5 111 (1.76%) SAP
6 104 (1.65%) Databricks
7 101 (1.60%) Talend
8 98 (1.55%) IBM
9 96 (1.52%) VMware
10 94 (1.49%) Cloudera
11 84 (1.33%) Atlassian
12 81 (1.28%) Informatica
13 79 (1.25%) Splunk
14 74 (1.17%) Sybase
15 73 (1.16%) Cisco
15 73 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
16 63 (1.00%) Hortonworks
17 48 (0.76%) Alteryx
18 40 (0.63%) Apple
19 35 (0.55%) Palo Alto