Period
to 19 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 19 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
England > London
6 months to
19 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 7 14 19
Rank change year-on-year +7 +5 +3
Permanent jobs citing Python 9,205 7,972 6,832
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 15.17% 11.40% 9.92%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.76% 20.46% 17.97%
Number of salaries quoted 7,642 6,671 5,890
London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,500
90th Percentile £106,250 £102,500 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 34,404 38,967 38,011
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 56.71% 55.72% 55.20%
Number of salaries quoted 28,869 32,657 32,893
London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £38,000 £37,500 £35,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £88,750
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python in London.

Salary trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 19 April 2019.

Salary histogram for Python in London

Python
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 19 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +8 2,004 £70,000 +7.69% 292
West London +7 201 £55,000 - 74
South London +30 123 £60,000 +33.33% 16
East London +2 44 £45,750 -39.00% 38
North London +30 24 £45,000 -28.00% 6
Python
England

For the 6 months to 19 April 2019, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 3,455 (37.53%) Java
2 3,275 (35.58%) Amazon AWS
3 3,055 (33.19%) Agile Software Development
4 2,777 (30.17%) DevOps
5 2,626 (28.53%) SQL
6 2,540 (27.59%) Linux
7 2,442 (26.53%) Finance
8 1,984 (21.55%) Docker
9 1,707 (18.54%) Software Engineering
10 1,698 (18.45%) JavaScript
11 1,663 (18.07%) Machine Learning
12 1,552 (16.86%) Microsoft Azure
13 1,542 (16.75%) Analytics
14 1,482 (16.10%) C++
15 1,448 (15.73%) Big Data
16 1,417 (15.39%) Ansible
17 1,405 (15.26%) Data Science
18 1,379 (14.98%) C#
19 1,277 (13.87%) Degree
20 1,271 (13.81%) Bash Shell
21 1,247 (13.55%) Kubernetes
22 1,161 (12.61%) Jenkins
23 1,160 (12.60%) Ruby
24 1,145 (12.44%) Google Cloud Platform
25 1,139 (12.37%) Hadoop
26 1,131 (12.29%) Apache Spark
27 1,107 (12.03%) Git (software)
28 1,101 (11.96%) Computer Science
29 1,083 (11.77%) Scala
30 1,001 (10.87%) Artificial Intelligence

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,131 (12.29%) Apache Spark
2 482 (5.24%) Elasticsearch
3 461 (5.01%) Apache
4 240 (2.61%) Apache Pig
5 203 (2.21%) Tomcat
6 169 (1.84%) Confluence
7 153 (1.66%) nginx
8 146 (1.59%) SAS
9 110 (1.20%) Apache Solr
10 85 (0.92%) OpenStack
11 61 (0.66%) Jupyter
12 49 (0.53%) SharePoint
13 48 (0.52%) MS Exchange
14 47 (0.51%) IIS
14 47 (0.51%) WebSphere
15 45 (0.49%) Ethereum
16 43 (0.47%) Apache Airflow
17 36 (0.39%) WebLogic
18 26 (0.28%) Cloud Foundry
18 26 (0.28%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 166 (1.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 58 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
3 52 (0.56%) SPSS
4 43 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 30 (0.33%) Chatbot
6 29 (0.32%) MS Visio
7 7 (0.076%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.065%) Stata
9 4 (0.043%) AutoCAD
10 3 (0.033%) EngageOne
10 3 (0.033%) GNU Octave
11 2 (0.022%) HipChat
11 2 (0.022%) LaTeX
12 1 (0.011%) Adobe Premiere
12 1 (0.011%) ArchiCAD
12 1 (0.011%) MicroStation
12 1 (0.011%) Revit
12 1 (0.011%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 61 (0.66%) thinkFolio
2 45 (0.49%) Distributed Ledger
3 19 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
4 16 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
5 13 (0.14%) Eze OMS
5 13 (0.14%) Magento
5 13 (0.14%) R3 Corda
6 10 (0.11%) Actimize
7 8 (0.087%) Eagle PACE
7 8 (0.087%) Front Arena
7 8 (0.087%) Markit EDM
8 5 (0.054%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 5 (0.054%) NetSuite
8 5 (0.054%) Oracle BPM
8 5 (0.054%) SAP ERP
8 5 (0.054%) WebTrends
9 4 (0.043%) FastStats PeopleStage
10 3 (0.033%) Endur
10 3 (0.033%) Odoo
10 3 (0.033%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 3,275 (35.58%) Amazon AWS
2 1,552 (16.86%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,145 (12.44%) Google Cloud Platform
4 371 (4.03%) Serverless
5 322 (3.50%) AWS CloudFormation
6 316 (3.43%) SaaS
7 294 (3.19%) AWS Lambda
8 248 (2.69%) Amazon S3
9 243 (2.64%) PaaS
10 224 (2.43%) GitHub
11 220 (2.39%) Amazon EC2
12 172 (1.87%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 167 (1.81%) Cloud Computing
14 158 (1.72%) IaaS
15 134 (1.46%) Office 365
16 125 (1.36%) Amazon Kinesis
17 118 (1.28%) Amazon SQS
18 104 (1.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 77 (0.84%) Amazon EMR
20 71 (0.77%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 347 (3.77%) Firewall
2 175 (1.90%) TCP/IP
3 135 (1.47%) DNS
4 133 (1.44%) Internet
5 103 (1.12%) VPN
6 95 (1.03%) Network Security
7 93 (1.01%) WAN
8 92 (1.00%) HTTP
9 73 (0.79%) LAN
10 70 (0.76%) Wireless
11 54 (0.59%) MPLS
12 50 (0.54%) BGP
13 47 (0.51%) SAN
14 46 (0.50%) Wi-Fi
15 44 (0.48%) OSPF
16 40 (0.43%) SSL
17 38 (0.41%) Unified Communications
18 36 (0.39%) DHCP
18 36 (0.39%) Intrusion Detection
19 34 (0.37%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,448 (15.73%) Big Data
2 1,139 (12.37%) Hadoop
3 937 (10.18%) NoSQL
4 688 (7.47%) MySQL
5 643 (6.99%) PostgreSQL
6 590 (6.41%) SQL Server
7 519 (5.64%) Apache Hive
8 479 (5.20%) Data Warehouse
9 475 (5.16%) MongoDB
10 401 (4.36%) Relational Database
11 389 (4.23%) Apache Cassandra
12 338 (3.67%) Amazon Redshift
13 331 (3.60%) HBase
14 323 (3.51%) Power BI
15 245 (2.66%) Redis
16 242 (2.63%) Impala
17 208 (2.26%) Blockchain
18 205 (2.23%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 199 (2.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 180 (1.96%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 1,161 (12.61%) Jenkins
2 1,107 (12.03%) Git (software)
3 415 (4.51%) JIRA
4 359 (3.90%) Selenium
5 266 (2.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 266 (2.89%) TeamCity
6 255 (2.77%) Maven
7 204 (2.22%) Cucumber
8 158 (1.72%) Octopus Deploy
9 155 (1.68%) Subversion
10 137 (1.49%) GitLab
11 132 (1.43%) Gradle
12 113 (1.23%) Travis CI
13 112 (1.22%) Ant
14 106 (1.15%) Team Foundation Server
15 102 (1.11%) Bitbucket
16 101 (1.10%) webpack
17 97 (1.05%) Vagrant
18 95 (1.03%) JUnit
19 88 (0.96%) Appium
General
1 2,442 (26.53%) Finance
2 864 (9.39%) Banking
3 429 (4.66%) Front Office
4 425 (4.62%) Retail
5 337 (3.66%) Law
6 332 (3.61%) Marketing
7 243 (2.64%) Games
8 224 (2.43%) Military
9 209 (2.27%) Telecoms
10 192 (2.09%) Investment Banking
11 130 (1.41%) Advertising
11 130 (1.41%) Financial Institution
12 70 (0.76%) Manufacturing
13 69 (0.75%) French Language
13 69 (0.75%) German Language
14 68 (0.74%) Electronics
15 65 (0.71%) Legal
16 54 (0.59%) Publishing
17 53 (0.58%) Spanish Language
18 51 (0.55%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 2,683 (29.15%) Developer
2 1,167 (12.68%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,037 (11.27%) Python Developer
4 866 (9.41%) Data Engineer
5 605 (6.57%) Python Engineer
6 569 (6.18%) Software Engineer
7 548 (5.95%) Data Scientist
8 532 (5.78%) Analyst
9 510 (5.54%) AWS Engineer
10 467 (5.07%) Architect
11 452 (4.91%) Senior Developer
12 420 (4.56%) Java Developer
13 363 (3.94%) AWS DevOps
14 340 (3.69%) Big Data Engineer
15 315 (3.42%) Cloud Engineer
16 309 (3.36%) Linux Engineer
17 297 (3.23%) Junior
18 284 (3.09%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 282 (3.06%) Senior DevOps
20 232 (2.52%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 783 (8.51%) Node.js
2 750 (8.15%) Web Services
3 749 (8.14%) Kafka
4 696 (7.56%) HTML
5 629 (6.83%) .NET
6 621 (6.75%) React
7 597 (6.49%) AngularJS
8 559 (6.07%) Django
9 554 (6.02%) CSS
10 399 (4.33%) REST
11 345 (3.75%) Natural Language Processing
12 310 (3.37%) Flask
13 305 (3.31%) RESTful
14 263 (2.86%) TensorFlow
15 253 (2.75%) Pandas
16 245 (2.66%) Elastic Stack
17 236 (2.56%) Spring
18 229 (2.49%) HTML5
18 229 (2.49%) NumPy
19 194 (2.11%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 870 (9.45%) Analytical Skills
2 797 (8.66%) Fintech
3 673 (7.31%) Algorithms
4 455 (4.94%) Hedge funds
5 442 (4.80%) Greenfield Project
6 404 (4.39%) Data Structures
7 309 (3.36%) Fixed Income
8 295 (3.20%) User Experience
9 291 (3.16%) Derivative
10 277 (3.01%) Data Centre
11 245 (2.66%) Public Cloud
12 232 (2.52%) Equities
13 210 (2.28%) Mobile App
14 209 (2.27%) Self-Motivation
15 194 (2.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 167 (1.81%) Linux Command Line
17 135 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
18 122 (1.33%) Cloud Native
19 106 (1.15%) Management Information System
19 106 (1.15%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,540 (27.59%) Linux
2 749 (8.14%) Windows
3 745 (8.09%) Unix
4 217 (2.36%) CentOS
5 187 (2.03%) Ubuntu
6 177 (1.92%) Android
7 169 (1.84%) Apple iOS
8 155 (1.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 123 (1.34%) Windows Server
10 60 (0.65%) Debian
11 45 (0.49%) CoreOS
12 34 (0.37%) Solaris
13 33 (0.36%) Windows Server 2008
14 32 (0.35%) Fedora
15 28 (0.30%) Mesosphere
16 20 (0.22%) Embedded Linux
17 19 (0.21%) AIX
17 19 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
18 18 (0.20%) Mac OS
19 16 (0.17%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,055 (33.19%) Agile Software Development
2 2,777 (30.17%) DevOps
3 1,707 (18.54%) Software Engineering
4 1,663 (18.07%) Machine Learning
5 1,542 (16.75%) Analytics
6 1,405 (15.26%) Data Science
7 1,101 (11.96%) Computer Science
8 1,001 (10.87%) Artificial Intelligence
9 960 (10.43%) Continuous Integration
10 812 (8.82%) Test Automation
11 805 (8.75%) Microservices
12 791 (8.59%) Problem-Solving
13 768 (8.34%) Open Source
14 703 (7.64%) Mathematics
15 680 (7.39%) Scrum
16 679 (7.38%) Business Intelligence
17 619 (6.72%) TDD
18 594 (6.45%) Configuration Management
19 587 (6.38%) Visualisation
20 573 (6.22%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 3,455 (37.53%) Java
2 2,626 (28.53%) SQL
3 1,698 (18.45%) JavaScript
4 1,482 (16.10%) C++
5 1,379 (14.98%) C#
6 1,271 (13.81%) Bash Shell
7 1,160 (12.60%) Ruby
8 1,083 (11.77%) Scala
9 852 (9.26%) R
10 796 (8.65%) Perl
11 779 (8.46%) Go
12 630 (6.84%) PHP
13 617 (6.70%) PowerShell
14 468 (5.08%) C
15 286 (3.11%) Shell Script
16 172 (1.87%) Groovy
17 166 (1.80%) VBA
18 155 (1.68%) MATLAB
19 132 (1.43%) ES6
20 109 (1.18%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,277 (13.87%) Degree
2 370 (4.02%) Computer Science Degree
3 347 (3.77%) PhD
4 189 (2.05%) Security Cleared
5 116 (1.26%) Master's Degree
6 106 (1.15%) SC Cleared
7 100 (1.09%) AWS Certification
8 95 (1.03%) Numerate Degree
9 69 (0.75%) CISSP
10 68 (0.74%) Cisco Certification
11 55 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
12 48 (0.52%) CCNP
13 41 (0.45%) ISTQB
14 35 (0.38%) DV Cleared
15 33 (0.36%) ISEB
16 31 (0.34%) SANS
17 30 (0.33%) CEH
17 30 (0.33%) MCSA
18 29 (0.32%) CCNA
19 28 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 493 (5.36%) QA
2 147 (1.60%) Data Quality
3 52 (0.56%) GDPR
4 27 (0.29%) SLA
5 22 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 21 (0.23%) MiFID
7 18 (0.20%) PCI DSS
8 15 (0.16%) Actionable Recommendations
9 6 (0.065%) HIPAA
9 6 (0.065%) Solvency II
10 5 (0.054%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 4 (0.043%) FINRA
12 3 (0.033%) FedRAMP
12 3 (0.033%) ISAE 3402
13 2 (0.022%) COBIT
13 2 (0.022%) EMIR
13 2 (0.022%) FISMA
13 2 (0.022%) GxP
13 2 (0.022%) JTAG
14 1 (0.011%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 1,984 (21.55%) Docker
2 189 (2.05%) VMware Infrastructure
3 159 (1.73%) Active Directory
4 133 (1.44%) Apache Flume
5 113 (1.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 93 (1.01%) HDFS
7 79 (0.86%) Hyper-V
8 46 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
9 45 (0.49%) vSphere
10 38 (0.41%) KVM
11 25 (0.27%) Varnish
12 23 (0.25%) NFS
13 22 (0.24%) Firmware
14 19 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
15 18 (0.20%) VirtualBox
15 18 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
16 12 (0.13%) etcd
17 11 (0.12%) Snort
18 10 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
19 9 (0.098%) iptables
Systems Management
1 1,417 (15.39%) Ansible
2 1,247 (13.55%) Kubernetes
3 923 (10.03%) Puppet
4 829 (9.01%) Terraform
5 695 (7.55%) Opscode Chef
6 226 (2.46%) Salt
7 222 (2.41%) Oozie
8 170 (1.85%) Prometheus
9 158 (1.72%) Hadoop YARN
10 132 (1.43%) Packer
11 128 (1.39%) Nagios
12 99 (1.08%) Grafana
13 86 (0.93%) Consul
14 77 (0.84%) Mesos
15 76 (0.83%) Kibana
16 72 (0.78%) Ambari
17 65 (0.71%) Graphite
18 62 (0.67%) Docker Swarm
19 53 (0.58%) Automic
20 52 (0.56%) logstash
Vendors
1 823 (8.94%) Google
2 581 (6.31%) Microsoft
3 507 (5.51%) Oracle
4 453 (4.92%) Tableau
5 295 (3.20%) Cloudera
6 290 (3.15%) Red Hat
7 236 (2.56%) Splunk
8 230 (2.50%) VMware
9 170 (1.85%) Hortonworks
10 161 (1.75%) Databricks
11 155 (1.68%) Bloomberg
12 151 (1.64%) Reuters
13 129 (1.40%) Cisco
14 124 (1.35%) IBM
15 110 (1.20%) SAP
16 106 (1.15%) MapR
17 88 (0.96%) Informatica
18 79 (0.86%) Talend
19 75 (0.81%) Palo Alto
20 72 (0.78%) CheckPoint