Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 20 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
England > London
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 5 5 10
Rank change year-on-year 0 +5 -2
Permanent jobs citing Python 16,019 6,792 6,498
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 22.85% 19.96% 16.56%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.49% 33.17% 29.09%
Number of salaries quoted 6,288 5,064 5,425
10th Percentile £50,000 £46,250 £45,000
25th Percentile £62,500 £58,750 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
75th Percentile £105,000 £95,000 £95,000
90th Percentile £125,000 £115,000 £120,000
England median annual salary £72,500 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +11.54% - +8.33%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,729 20,475 22,336
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 60.94% 60.17% 56.91%
Number of salaries quoted 19,148 15,516 18,672
10th Percentile £46,250 £44,000 £41,300
25th Percentile £56,250 £55,000 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £86,250
90th Percentile £115,000 £105,000 £105,000
England median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Salary trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Python in London

Python
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London 0 1,342 £80,000 +6.67% 267
West London +9 481 £67,500 -3.57% 61
South London -1 305 £60,000 -0.50% 21
East London +11 143 £80,000 +10.34% 67
North London +8 70 £55,000 -8.33% 1
Python
England

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 7,304 (45.60%) AWS
2 6,362 (39.72%) Agile
3 5,987 (37.37%) SQL
4 5,492 (34.28%) Software Engineering
5 5,140 (32.09%) Java
6 4,937 (30.82%) Finance
7 4,834 (30.18%) CI/CD
8 4,561 (28.47%) DevOps
9 4,300 (26.84%) Kubernetes
10 4,139 (25.84%) Azure
11 4,033 (25.18%) Docker
12 4,023 (25.11%) JavaScript
13 3,978 (24.83%) GCP
14 3,822 (23.86%) Analytics
15 3,709 (23.15%) Data Science
16 3,560 (22.22%) Social Skills
17 3,075 (19.20%) Machine Learning
18 2,831 (17.67%) Terraform
19 2,829 (17.66%) React
20 2,604 (16.26%) Linux
21 2,489 (15.54%) Degree
22 2,447 (15.28%) Microservices
23 2,404 (15.01%) Git (software)
24 2,258 (14.10%) Mentoring
25 2,217 (13.84%) Problem-Solving
26 2,148 (13.41%) Artificial Intelligence
27 2,136 (13.33%) PostgreSQL
28 2,092 (13.06%) Google
28 2,092 (13.06%) Computer Science
29 2,070 (12.92%) Full Stack Development

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,272 (7.94%) Apache Spark
2 777 (4.85%) Apache Airflow
3 656 (4.10%) Apache
4 607 (3.79%) Elasticsearch
5 347 (2.17%) Confluence
6 168 (1.05%) Jupyter
7 161 (1.01%) SAS
8 151 (0.94%) CMS
9 94 (0.59%) Tornado
10 92 (0.57%) nginx
11 85 (0.53%) Apache Pulsar
12 80 (0.50%) OpenStack
13 71 (0.44%) Headless CMS
14 66 (0.41%) Luigi
15 54 (0.34%) Tomcat
16 53 (0.33%) WordPress
17 51 (0.32%) SharePoint
18 35 (0.22%) Oracle Workflow
19 33 (0.21%) Jetty
20 31 (0.19%) Ethereum
Applications
1 348 (2.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 121 (0.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 70 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
4 35 (0.22%) Stata
5 30 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
6 28 (0.17%) SPSS
7 25 (0.16%) MS Visio
8 23 (0.14%) Chatbot
9 11 (0.069%) Maya
10 6 (0.037%) Adobe Premiere
11 5 (0.031%) Adobe Captivate
11 5 (0.031%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 5 (0.031%) Adobe XD
11 5 (0.031%) NUKE
12 4 (0.025%) CPLEX
12 4 (0.025%) SketchUp
13 3 (0.019%) InDesign
13 3 (0.019%) LaTeX
13 3 (0.019%) Vensim
14 2 (0.012%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 45 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
2 23 (0.14%) Shopify
3 19 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
3 19 (0.12%) Sentinel
4 18 (0.11%) Magento
5 15 (0.094%) Payment Gateway
6 12 (0.075%) Dynamics CRM
6 12 (0.075%) thinkFolio
7 11 (0.069%) Ripple
7 11 (0.069%) Ripple XRP
8 10 (0.062%) R3 Corda
9 9 (0.056%) Odoo
9 9 (0.056%) Summit
10 5 (0.031%) Oracle Financials
11 4 (0.025%) Eikon
11 4 (0.025%) NetSuite
11 4 (0.025%) SAP S/4HANA
12 3 (0.019%) Oracle Assets
12 3 (0.019%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 3 (0.019%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 7,304 (45.60%) AWS
2 4,139 (25.84%) Azure
3 3,978 (24.83%) GCP
4 1,855 (11.58%) Serverless
5 1,008 (6.29%) GitHub
6 957 (5.97%) Amazon S3
7 917 (5.72%) AWS Lambda
8 775 (4.84%) Power Platform
9 757 (4.73%) SaaS
10 719 (4.49%) AWS CloudFormation
11 635 (3.96%) Amazon ECS
12 613 (3.83%) Cloud Computing
13 574 (3.58%) Snowflake
14 457 (2.85%) Amazon EC2
15 395 (2.47%) dbt
16 370 (2.31%) Amazon SQS
17 349 (2.18%) Amazon Kinesis
18 310 (1.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 298 (1.86%) OpenShift
20 259 (1.62%) Cloud Functions
Communications & Networking
1 337 (2.10%) Internet
2 302 (1.89%) Firewall
3 289 (1.80%) HTTP
4 242 (1.51%) DNS
5 190 (1.19%) Network Security
6 181 (1.13%) Broadband
7 150 (0.94%) TCP/IP
8 143 (0.89%) VPN
9 103 (0.64%) BGP
10 101 (0.63%) DHCP
11 82 (0.51%) WAN
12 70 (0.44%) MQTT
13 69 (0.43%) MPLS
14 59 (0.37%) LAN
15 52 (0.32%) OSPF
15 52 (0.32%) SAN
16 46 (0.29%) PPP
17 42 (0.26%) Wireless
18 41 (0.26%) FTP
19 40 (0.25%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,136 (13.33%) PostgreSQL
2 1,764 (11.01%) NoSQL
3 1,732 (10.81%) Big Data
4 1,166 (7.28%) Relational Database
5 1,130 (7.05%) Data Warehouse
6 1,052 (6.57%) MongoDB
7 1,031 (6.44%) MySQL
8 961 (6.00%) SQL Server
9 901 (5.62%) Tableau
10 821 (5.13%) BigQuery
11 752 (4.69%) Power BI
12 694 (4.33%) Hadoop
13 610 (3.81%) Data Lake
14 606 (3.78%) Redis
15 599 (3.74%) Amazon Redshift
16 579 (3.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 419 (2.62%) Apache Cassandra
18 406 (2.53%) Looker
19 368 (2.30%) Flink
20 364 (2.27%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 2,404 (15.01%) Git (software)
2 1,910 (11.92%) Jenkins
3 935 (5.84%) JIRA
4 607 (3.79%) GitLab
5 456 (2.85%) CircleCI
6 362 (2.26%) Selenium
7 279 (1.74%) Maven
8 277 (1.73%) Cypress.io
9 248 (1.55%) TeamCity
10 214 (1.34%) Octopus Deploy
11 213 (1.33%) Bitbucket
12 201 (1.25%) Subversion
13 200 (1.25%) Cucumber
14 189 (1.18%) Gradle
14 189 (1.18%) Postman
15 188 (1.17%) Travis CI
16 169 (1.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 166 (1.04%) Team Foundation Server
18 142 (0.89%) JUnit
19 133 (0.83%) Ant
General
1 4,937 (30.82%) Finance
2 3,560 (22.22%) Social Skills
3 1,867 (11.65%) Analytical Skills
4 1,246 (7.78%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 1,197 (7.47%) Marketing
6 1,100 (6.87%) Banking
6 1,100 (6.87%) Games
7 976 (6.09%) Retail
8 736 (4.59%) Front Office
9 555 (3.46%) Advertising
10 523 (3.26%) Manufacturing
11 359 (2.24%) Presentation Skills
12 351 (2.19%) Legal
12 351 (2.19%) Public Sector
13 251 (1.57%) Law
14 230 (1.44%) Organisational Skills
15 222 (1.39%) Financial Institution
16 203 (1.27%) Back Office
17 188 (1.17%) Telecoms
18 152 (0.95%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,409 (21.28%) Developer
2 3,023 (18.87%) Software Engineer
3 1,828 (11.41%) Data Engineer
4 1,399 (8.73%) DevOps Engineer
5 1,153 (7.20%) Senior Software Engineer
6 1,065 (6.65%) Analyst
7 1,033 (6.45%) Python Developer
8 784 (4.89%) Python Engineer
9 753 (4.70%) Data Scientist
9 753 (4.70%) Senior Developer
10 616 (3.85%) Cloud Engineer
11 595 (3.71%) Full Stack Developer
12 558 (3.48%) AWS Engineer
13 538 (3.36%) Senior Data Engineer
14 493 (3.08%) Architect
15 476 (2.97%) Java Engineer
16 459 (2.87%) Java Developer
17 445 (2.78%) Senior DevOps
18 420 (2.62%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 406 (2.53%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,829 (17.66%) React
2 1,845 (11.52%) Node.js
3 1,614 (10.08%) Kafka
4 1,262 (7.88%) REST
5 1,254 (7.83%) .NET
6 1,145 (7.15%) Django
7 1,052 (6.57%) CSS
8 1,035 (6.46%) HTML
9 961 (6.00%) RESTful
10 882 (5.51%) AngularJS
11 749 (4.68%) Pandas
12 746 (4.66%) GraphQL
13 633 (3.95%) Vue.js
14 519 (3.24%) Flask
15 510 (3.18%) NumPy
16 504 (3.15%) Web Services
17 496 (3.10%) Spring
18 436 (2.72%) scikit-learn
18 436 (2.72%) TensorFlow
19 398 (2.48%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 1,798 (11.22%) Algorithms
2 1,012 (6.32%) Data Structures
3 913 (5.70%) User Experience
4 846 (5.28%) Cloud Native
5 713 (4.45%) Equities
6 681 (4.25%) Public Cloud
7 675 (4.21%) Hedge funds
8 665 (4.15%) Derivative
9 542 (3.38%) Fixed Income
10 540 (3.37%) Mobile App
11 538 (3.36%) Self-Motivation
12 514 (3.21%) Greenfield Project
13 384 (2.40%) Life Science
14 372 (2.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 307 (1.92%) Blog
16 304 (1.90%) Linux Command Line
17 278 (1.74%) Management Information System
18 251 (1.57%) Virtual Team
19 200 (1.25%) IoT
20 196 (1.22%) Sports Betting
Operating Systems
1 2,604 (16.26%) Linux
2 831 (5.19%) Unix
3 772 (4.82%) Windows
4 269 (1.68%) Android
4 269 (1.68%) Apple iOS
5 129 (0.81%) Ubuntu
6 110 (0.69%) Mesosphere
7 99 (0.62%) CentOS
8 97 (0.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 86 (0.54%) Windows Server
10 74 (0.46%) Mac OS
11 44 (0.27%) Embedded Linux
12 30 (0.19%) Windows 10
13 29 (0.18%) Debian
14 27 (0.17%) VMS
15 26 (0.16%) Kali Linux
16 18 (0.11%) Mac OS X
17 16 (0.100%) Solaris
18 12 (0.075%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
19 11 (0.069%) Alpine Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,362 (39.72%) Agile
2 5,492 (34.28%) Software Engineering
3 4,834 (30.18%) CI/CD
4 4,561 (28.47%) DevOps
5 3,822 (23.86%) Analytics
6 3,709 (23.15%) Data Science
7 3,075 (19.20%) Machine Learning
8 2,447 (15.28%) Microservices
9 2,258 (14.10%) Mentoring
10 2,217 (13.84%) Problem-Solving
11 2,148 (13.41%) Artificial Intelligence
12 2,092 (13.06%) Computer Science
13 2,070 (12.92%) Full Stack Development
14 2,015 (12.58%) Test Automation
15 1,932 (12.06%) TDD
16 1,736 (10.84%) Data Engineering
17 1,725 (10.77%) Infrastructure as Code
18 1,555 (9.71%) Scrum
19 1,406 (8.78%) Business Intelligence
20 1,356 (8.46%) Data Pipeline
Programming Languages
1 5,987 (37.37%) SQL
2 5,140 (32.09%) Java
3 4,023 (25.11%) JavaScript
4 1,937 (12.09%) TypeScript
5 1,844 (11.51%) Go
6 1,841 (11.49%) C#
7 1,577 (9.84%) Bash
8 1,511 (9.43%) C++
9 1,172 (7.32%) PowerShell
10 1,166 (7.28%) Ruby
11 1,158 (7.23%) R
12 1,041 (6.50%) Scala
13 702 (4.38%) C
14 691 (4.31%) PHP
15 526 (3.28%) Shell Script
16 514 (3.21%) Kotlin
17 478 (2.98%) Perl
18 299 (1.87%) Groovy
19 270 (1.69%) Rust
20 233 (1.45%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 2,489 (15.54%) Degree
2 994 (6.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 451 (2.82%) PhD
4 377 (2.35%) Master's Degree
5 301 (1.88%) Security Cleared
6 207 (1.29%) SC Cleared
7 147 (0.92%) Cisco Certification
8 141 (0.88%) AWS Certification
9 113 (0.71%) Numerate Degree
10 73 (0.46%) CCIE
11 71 (0.44%) CISSP
12 63 (0.39%) CCNP
13 46 (0.29%) DV Cleared
14 38 (0.24%) SANS
15 36 (0.22%) ISTQB
15 36 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
16 34 (0.21%) CCNA
17 32 (0.20%) PMI Certification
18 31 (0.19%) (ISC)2 CCSP
18 31 (0.19%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,053 (6.57%) QA
2 449 (2.80%) Data Quality
3 181 (1.13%) Accessibility
4 177 (1.10%) GDPR
5 81 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 79 (0.49%) Actionable Recommendations
6 79 (0.49%) SLA
7 54 (0.34%) PCI DSS
8 48 (0.30%) NIST
9 26 (0.16%) IFRS
10 21 (0.13%) HIPAA
11 20 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
12 19 (0.12%) SOC 2
13 18 (0.11%) IFRS 9
13 18 (0.11%) PMO
14 16 (0.100%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 16 (0.100%) IASME
15 15 (0.094%) EMIR
15 15 (0.094%) MiFID
16 14 (0.087%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 4,033 (25.18%) Docker
2 158 (0.99%) Active Directory
3 142 (0.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 141 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
5 48 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 36 (0.22%) Apache Flume
7 34 (0.21%) HDFS
8 26 (0.16%) vSphere
9 20 (0.12%) VMware NSX
9 20 (0.12%) zsh
10 19 (0.12%) KVM
10 19 (0.12%) LXC
11 15 (0.094%) Firmware
11 15 (0.094%) VirtualBox
11 15 (0.094%) VMware ESXi
12 13 (0.081%) iptables
13 11 (0.069%) Hyper-V
13 11 (0.069%) ISA Server
13 11 (0.069%) Virtual Servers
14 8 (0.050%) Citrix Hypervisor
Systems Management
1 4,300 (26.84%) Kubernetes
2 2,831 (17.67%) Terraform
3 1,665 (10.39%) Ansible
4 790 (4.93%) Puppet
5 655 (4.09%) Opscode Chef
6 502 (3.13%) Prometheus
7 368 (2.30%) Grafana
8 160 (1.00%) Kibana
9 156 (0.97%) Docker Swarm
10 152 (0.95%) Consul
11 145 (0.91%) Istio
12 132 (0.82%) logstash
13 110 (0.69%) Automic
14 79 (0.49%) HAProxy
15 75 (0.47%) Rancher
16 68 (0.42%) ZABBIX
17 56 (0.35%) Nagios
18 51 (0.32%) Packer
19 50 (0.31%) Kubeflow
20 47 (0.29%) Salt
Vendors
1 2,092 (13.06%) Google
2 975 (6.09%) Microsoft
3 626 (3.91%) Oracle
4 442 (2.76%) Databricks
5 425 (2.65%) Splunk
6 273 (1.70%) Twitter
7 178 (1.11%) Salesforce.com
8 167 (1.04%) VMware
9 162 (1.01%) Red Hat
10 142 (0.89%) Facebook
11 134 (0.84%) New Relic
12 130 (0.81%) Cisco
12 130 (0.81%) Sun
13 121 (0.76%) F5
14 115 (0.72%) Alteryx
15 92 (0.57%) AppDynamics
16 91 (0.57%) Adobe
16 91 (0.57%) Bloomberg
17 89 (0.56%) SAP
18 86 (0.54%) Apple