Period
to 21 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 21 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
England > London
6 months to
21 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 5 8 9
Rank change year-on-year +3 +1 +8
Permanent jobs citing Python 5,237 8,080 8,866
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 21.64% 15.72% 14.14%
As % of the Programming Languages category 35.54% 27.84% 24.72%
Number of salaries quoted 5,089 7,181 7,809
Median annual salary £75,000 £75,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.14% +7.69%
10th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
90th Percentile £117,500 £122,500 £105,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £64,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +0.78% +7.50% +4.35%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 14,734 29,028 35,861
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 60.88% 56.48% 57.19%
Number of salaries quoted 12,656 24,387 30,359
Median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
10th Percentile £45,000 £40,000 £37,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in London.

Salary trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in London

Python
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 1,040 £72,500 -3.33% 330
South London +11 106 £62,500 -3.85% 16
West London +9 73 £65,000 - 89
East London +5 37 £70,000 -9.68% 54
North London +25 19 £65,000 +18.18% 6
Python
England

For the 6 months to 21 January 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 2,271 (43.36%) AWS
2 1,852 (35.36%) Agile Software Development
3 1,797 (34.31%) Java
4 1,772 (33.84%) Finance
5 1,646 (31.43%) SQL
6 1,463 (27.94%) DevOps
7 1,342 (25.63%) Docker
8 1,196 (22.84%) JavaScript
9 1,180 (22.53%) Azure
10 1,163 (22.21%) Software Engineering
11 1,095 (20.91%) Kubernetes
12 962 (18.37%) GCP
13 920 (17.57%) Linux
14 786 (15.01%) Machine Learning
15 730 (13.94%) Analytics
16 696 (13.29%) Jenkins
17 672 (12.83%) React
18 670 (12.79%) Terraform
19 639 (12.20%) Data Science
20 621 (11.86%) Web Services
21 620 (11.84%) Microservices
22 619 (11.82%) C#
23 605 (11.55%) Asset Management
24 597 (11.40%) Ansible
25 589 (11.25%) Fintech
26 587 (11.21%) Degree
27 583 (11.13%) Serverless
28 570 (10.88%) Go
29 555 (10.60%) TDD
30 548 (10.46%) Front Office

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 365 (6.97%) Apache Spark
2 205 (3.91%) Apache
3 146 (2.79%) Elasticsearch
4 116 (2.22%) Confluence
5 107 (2.04%) Apache Airflow
6 94 (1.79%) SAS
7 34 (0.65%) IIS
8 26 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
9 22 (0.42%) Luigi
9 22 (0.42%) nginx
9 22 (0.42%) Skype for Business
10 19 (0.36%) OpenStack
10 19 (0.36%) Tornado
11 17 (0.32%) CMS
12 14 (0.27%) WebSphere
13 13 (0.25%) Jupyter
13 13 (0.25%) SharePoint
13 13 (0.25%) WordPress
14 12 (0.23%) Apache Pig
15 11 (0.21%) MTS
Applications
1 96 (1.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 34 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (0.59%) MS Visio
4 18 (0.34%) SPSS
5 8 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.11%) Chatbot
6 6 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.095%) Maya
8 3 (0.057%) Figma
8 3 (0.057%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.057%) Sketch
8 3 (0.057%) SPSS Modeler
9 2 (0.038%) Adobe XD
9 2 (0.038%) Blender
9 2 (0.038%) InVision
10 1 (0.019%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.019%) Fireworks
10 1 (0.019%) GNU Octave
10 1 (0.019%) Inkscape
10 1 (0.019%) Weka
Business Applications
1 62 (1.18%) Markit EDM
2 60 (1.15%) Eagle PACE
3 28 (0.53%) PolarLake
4 18 (0.34%) SAP Hybris
5 10 (0.19%) FINCAD Analytics
6 9 (0.17%) Sentinel
7 7 (0.13%) Magento
8 5 (0.095%) Dynamics CRM
9 4 (0.076%) MoSes
9 4 (0.076%) Shopify
10 3 (0.057%) Oracle EBS
10 3 (0.057%) Payment Gateway
10 3 (0.057%) R3 Corda
11 2 (0.038%) SAP Business One
11 2 (0.038%) SAP R/3
12 1 (0.019%) Distributed Ledger
12 1 (0.019%) Endur
12 1 (0.019%) Oracle Applications
12 1 (0.019%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 2,271 (43.36%) AWS
2 1,180 (22.53%) Azure
3 962 (18.37%) GCP
4 583 (11.13%) Serverless
5 397 (7.58%) AWS Lambda
6 295 (5.63%) Amazon S3
7 263 (5.02%) Power Platform
8 230 (4.39%) Amazon EC2
9 196 (3.74%) SaaS
10 191 (3.65%) GitHub
11 180 (3.44%) AWS CloudFormation
12 157 (3.00%) Amazon ECS
13 122 (2.33%) PaaS
14 111 (2.12%) IaaS
15 109 (2.08%) Amazon Kinesis
16 94 (1.79%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 80 (1.53%) Azure Data Factory
18 74 (1.41%) Amazon EKS
19 69 (1.32%) Amazon SQS
20 64 (1.22%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 169 (3.23%) Firewall
2 133 (2.54%) TCP/IP
3 113 (2.16%) DNS
4 71 (1.36%) BGP
5 69 (1.32%) HTTP
5 69 (1.32%) VPN
6 65 (1.24%) OSPF
7 63 (1.20%) Network Security
8 62 (1.18%) Wireless
9 51 (0.97%) Internet
9 51 (0.97%) LAN
9 51 (0.97%) WAN
10 46 (0.88%) SNMP
11 45 (0.86%) Multicast
11 45 (0.86%) SSH
12 43 (0.82%) DHCP
13 42 (0.80%) MPLS
14 38 (0.73%) Wi-Fi
15 30 (0.57%) Wireshark
16 29 (0.55%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 479 (9.15%) PostgreSQL
2 441 (8.42%) Big Data
3 369 (7.05%) NoSQL
4 323 (6.17%) SQL Server
5 291 (5.56%) Data Warehouse
6 268 (5.12%) Hadoop
7 262 (5.00%) Power BI
8 239 (4.56%) Relational Database
9 234 (4.47%) Tableau
10 227 (4.33%) MySQL
11 220 (4.20%) MongoDB
12 185 (3.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 173 (3.30%) Amazon Redshift
14 134 (2.56%) Amazon RDS
15 126 (2.41%) Data Lake
16 100 (1.91%) Apache Hive
17 99 (1.89%) BigQuery
18 98 (1.87%) Redis
19 93 (1.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 85 (1.62%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 696 (13.29%) Jenkins
2 524 (10.01%) Git (software)
3 303 (5.79%) GitLab
4 290 (5.54%) JIRA
5 125 (2.39%) Selenium
6 99 (1.89%) Artifactory
7 95 (1.81%) TeamCity
8 81 (1.55%) Cucumber
8 81 (1.55%) Sonatype Nexus
9 74 (1.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 68 (1.30%) Bitbucket
11 62 (1.18%) Maven
12 57 (1.09%) Subversion
13 56 (1.07%) CircleCI
14 54 (1.03%) Appium
15 48 (0.92%) Visual Studio
16 39 (0.74%) JMeter
17 37 (0.71%) Travis CI
18 32 (0.61%) Cypress.io
19 31 (0.59%) WebDriver
General
1 1,772 (33.84%) Finance
2 548 (10.46%) Front Office
3 504 (9.62%) Banking
4 173 (3.30%) Games
5 166 (3.17%) Marketing
6 151 (2.88%) Investment Banking
7 134 (2.56%) Back Office
7 134 (2.56%) Retail
8 93 (1.78%) Advertising
9 88 (1.68%) Public Sector
10 86 (1.64%) Telecoms
11 58 (1.11%) Law
12 45 (0.86%) Manufacturing
13 40 (0.76%) Electronics
13 40 (0.76%) Financial Institution
14 19 (0.36%) Brand Awareness
14 19 (0.36%) Legal
15 10 (0.19%) Retail Banking
16 8 (0.15%) Multimedia
16 8 (0.15%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,745 (33.32%) Developer
2 838 (16.00%) Python Developer
3 649 (12.39%) Software Engineer
4 552 (10.54%) DevOps Engineer
4 552 (10.54%) Python Engineer
5 497 (9.49%) Data Engineer
6 322 (6.15%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 319 (6.09%) AWS Engineer
8 318 (6.07%) Senior Developer
9 290 (5.54%) Analyst
10 237 (4.53%) Data Scientist
11 209 (3.99%) Python Software Engineer
12 202 (3.86%) Java Developer
13 199 (3.80%) Architect
14 187 (3.57%) Senior Python Developer
15 173 (3.30%) Full Stack Developer
16 172 (3.28%) Lead Developer
17 169 (3.23%) AWS DevOps
18 164 (3.13%) JavaScript Developer
19 163 (3.11%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 672 (12.83%) React
2 621 (11.86%) Web Services
3 480 (9.17%) AngularJS
4 473 (9.03%) Node.js
5 463 (8.84%) Kafka
6 456 (8.71%) .NET
7 380 (7.26%) Django
8 296 (5.65%) Vue.js
9 255 (4.87%) Flask
10 213 (4.07%) Pandas
11 207 (3.95%) HTML
11 207 (3.95%) REST
12 202 (3.86%) NumPy
13 175 (3.34%) .NET Core
14 168 (3.21%) GraphQL
15 165 (3.15%) Natural Language Processing
16 160 (3.06%) React Native
16 160 (3.06%) RESTful
17 153 (2.92%) TensorFlow
18 147 (2.81%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 538 (10.27%) Hedge funds
2 430 (8.21%) Derivative
3 417 (7.96%) Fixed Income
4 407 (7.77%) Equities
5 315 (6.01%) Analytical Skills
6 300 (5.73%) Greenfield Project
7 297 (5.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 276 (5.27%) Algorithms
9 153 (2.92%) Data Structures
10 150 (2.86%) Cloud Native
11 122 (2.33%) Mobile App
12 110 (2.10%) Blog
13 93 (1.78%) Public Cloud
14 86 (1.64%) Data Centre
15 76 (1.45%) Management Information System
16 74 (1.41%) Self-Motivation
17 73 (1.39%) Reference Data
18 69 (1.32%) Credit Derivative
19 66 (1.26%) User Experience
20 56 (1.07%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 920 (17.57%) Linux
2 327 (6.24%) Unix
3 272 (5.19%) Windows
4 87 (1.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 79 (1.51%) Android
6 76 (1.45%) CentOS
7 53 (1.01%) Windows Server
8 46 (0.88%) Apple iOS
9 29 (0.55%) Mac OS X
10 27 (0.52%) Ubuntu
11 21 (0.40%) Debian
12 19 (0.36%) Windows 10
13 16 (0.31%) Fedora
14 15 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
15 12 (0.23%) Mac OS
15 12 (0.23%) VMS
15 12 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
16 6 (0.11%) Windows 7
17 5 (0.095%) Solaris
18 4 (0.076%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,852 (35.36%) Agile Software Development
2 1,463 (27.94%) DevOps
3 1,163 (22.21%) Software Engineering
4 786 (15.01%) Machine Learning
5 730 (13.94%) Analytics
6 639 (12.20%) Data Science
7 620 (11.84%) Microservices
8 605 (11.55%) Asset Management
9 589 (11.25%) Fintech
10 555 (10.60%) TDD
11 507 (9.68%) Computer Science
12 489 (9.34%) Artificial Intelligence
13 415 (7.92%) ETL
14 410 (7.83%) Business Intelligence
15 395 (7.54%) Scrum
16 372 (7.10%) Continuous Integration
16 372 (7.10%) Test Automation
17 359 (6.86%) Mentoring
18 357 (6.82%) Investment Management
19 355 (6.78%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,797 (34.31%) Java
2 1,646 (31.43%) SQL
3 1,196 (22.84%) JavaScript
4 619 (11.82%) C#
5 570 (10.88%) Go
6 434 (8.29%) C++
7 429 (8.19%) Bash Shell
8 416 (7.94%) R
9 340 (6.49%) Ruby
10 320 (6.11%) Scala
11 284 (5.42%) PowerShell
12 219 (4.18%) Kotlin
13 216 (4.12%) TypeScript
14 211 (4.03%) Shell Script
15 185 (3.53%) C
16 183 (3.49%) Perl
17 151 (2.88%) PHP
18 71 (1.36%) Clojure
19 70 (1.34%) PL/SQL
20 53 (1.01%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 587 (11.21%) Degree
2 185 (3.53%) Computer Science Degree
3 128 (2.44%) Security Cleared
4 118 (2.25%) PhD
5 104 (1.99%) SC Cleared
6 72 (1.37%) Cisco Certification
7 56 (1.07%) Master's Degree
8 54 (1.03%) Numerate Degree
9 51 (0.97%) CCNP
10 50 (0.95%) AWS Certification
11 34 (0.65%) CCIE
12 32 (0.61%) CISSP
13 31 (0.59%) Sun Certification
14 29 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
15 27 (0.52%) DV Cleared
16 18 (0.34%) CCNA
16 18 (0.34%) Postgraduate
17 14 (0.27%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
17 14 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
18 9 (0.17%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 209 (3.99%) QA
2 55 (1.05%) Data Quality
3 25 (0.48%) GDPR
4 24 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 19 (0.36%) NIST
5 19 (0.36%) PCI DSS
6 14 (0.27%) EMIR
6 14 (0.27%) MiFID
7 13 (0.25%) Dodd-Frank
7 13 (0.25%) SLA
8 6 (0.11%) WCAG
9 4 (0.076%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 3 (0.057%) PMO
11 2 (0.038%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 2 (0.038%) NCSC
12 1 (0.019%) FINRA
12 1 (0.019%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 1,342 (25.63%) Docker
2 110 (2.10%) Active Directory
3 81 (1.55%) VMware Infrastructure
4 45 (0.86%) HDFS
5 24 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (0.21%) Hyper-V
6 11 (0.21%) VMware NSX
7 10 (0.19%) RHEV
8 8 (0.15%) Firmware
8 8 (0.15%) VirtualBox
9 6 (0.11%) Apache Flume
10 5 (0.095%) NFS
11 4 (0.076%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 3 (0.057%) KVM
12 3 (0.057%) Virtual Desktop
12 3 (0.057%) VMware Workstation
12 3 (0.057%) Xen
12 3 (0.057%) XenApp
12 3 (0.057%) XenDesktop
13 2 (0.038%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 1,095 (20.91%) Kubernetes
2 670 (12.79%) Terraform
3 597 (11.40%) Ansible
4 420 (8.02%) Puppet
5 210 (4.01%) Opscode Chef
6 105 (2.00%) Grafana
7 101 (1.93%) Prometheus
8 53 (1.01%) Nagios
9 29 (0.55%) Salt
10 23 (0.44%) Docker Swarm
11 22 (0.42%) Kibana
12 21 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
13 20 (0.38%) Packer
14 19 (0.36%) Consul
14 19 (0.36%) ZABBIX
15 14 (0.27%) Graphite
15 14 (0.27%) SCCM
16 13 (0.25%) ITRS Geneos
16 13 (0.25%) Rancher
17 11 (0.21%) Istio
Vendors
1 409 (7.81%) Google
2 310 (5.92%) Microsoft
3 240 (4.58%) Oracle
4 113 (2.16%) VMware
5 103 (1.97%) Databricks
6 89 (1.70%) Cisco
7 83 (1.58%) Red Hat
8 75 (1.43%) Atlassian
9 73 (1.39%) Bloomberg
10 71 (1.36%) Talend
11 67 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
12 66 (1.26%) Splunk
13 63 (1.20%) Cloudera
14 62 (1.18%) SAP
15 57 (1.09%) Informatica
16 50 (0.95%) Palo Alto
17 37 (0.71%) IBM
18 34 (0.65%) Apple
19 31 (0.59%) Reuters
20 30 (0.57%) New Relic