Period
to 16 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
England > London
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 9 17 20
Rank change year-on-year +8 +3 +4
Permanent jobs citing Python 8,866 7,736 7,000
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 13.44% 10.52% 9.44%
As % of the Programming Languages category 23.52% 19.11% 17.23%
Number of salaries quoted 7,302 6,373 6,088
London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £100,000 £96,250
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 37,702 40,483 40,616
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 57.13% 55.05% 54.77%
Number of salaries quoted 31,542 32,438 35,613
London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python in London.

Salary trend for Python in London

Python
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python in London over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Python in London

Python
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the London region over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +6 1,674 £70,000 +7.69% 446
West London -12 187 £55,000 - 177
South London +41 144 £57,500 +43.75% 35
East London +14 54 £80,000 +53.85% 99
North London +25 23 £55,000 +4.76% 8
Python
England

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Python.

1 3,274 (36.93%) Java
2 2,869 (32.36%) Amazon AWS
3 2,781 (31.37%) Linux
4 2,770 (31.24%) SQL
5 2,635 (29.72%) Agile Software Development
6 2,586 (29.17%) Finance
7 2,502 (28.22%) DevOps
8 1,857 (20.95%) Docker
9 1,700 (19.17%) JavaScript
10 1,600 (18.05%) Machine Learning
11 1,575 (17.76%) C++
12 1,516 (17.10%) Ansible
13 1,508 (17.01%) C#
14 1,441 (16.25%) Software Engineering
15 1,413 (15.94%) Analytics
16 1,382 (15.59%) Degree
17 1,366 (15.41%) Microsoft Azure
18 1,348 (15.20%) Big Data
19 1,336 (15.07%) Bash Shell
20 1,285 (14.49%) Ruby
21 1,276 (14.39%) Computer Science
22 1,265 (14.27%) Data Science
23 1,185 (13.37%) Jenkins
24 1,166 (13.15%) Git (software)
25 1,120 (12.63%) Kubernetes
26 1,114 (12.56%) Puppet
27 1,043 (11.76%) Continuous Integration
28 987 (11.13%) Hadoop
29 950 (10.72%) Banking
30 946 (10.67%) R

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 912 (10.29%) Apache Spark
2 477 (5.38%) Elasticsearch
3 437 (4.93%) Apache
4 202 (2.28%) SAS
5 199 (2.24%) Tomcat
6 177 (2.00%) nginx
7 171 (1.93%) Confluence
8 152 (1.71%) Apache Pig
9 128 (1.44%) OpenStack
10 97 (1.09%) Ethereum
11 93 (1.05%) Apache Solr
12 74 (0.83%) IIS
13 69 (0.78%) WebSphere
14 55 (0.62%) SharePoint
15 44 (0.50%) MS Exchange
16 41 (0.46%) Apache Airflow
17 33 (0.37%) CMS
18 28 (0.32%) WordPress
19 27 (0.30%) Jupyter
20 26 (0.29%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 126 (1.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 87 (0.98%) Microsoft Office
3 73 (0.82%) SPSS
4 50 (0.56%) Chatbot
5 42 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 36 (0.41%) MS Visio
7 14 (0.16%) Snapchat
8 10 (0.11%) GNU Octave
8 10 (0.11%) Stata
9 7 (0.079%) Spreadsheet
10 4 (0.045%) Maya
10 4 (0.045%) Photoshop
11 3 (0.034%) InVision
12 2 (0.023%) Adobe After Effects
12 2 (0.023%) HipChat
12 2 (0.023%) Houdini
12 2 (0.023%) NUKE
13 1 (0.011%) Adobe Illustrator
13 1 (0.011%) CPLEX
13 1 (0.011%) OrCAD
Business Applications
1 67 (0.76%) Distributed Ledger
2 48 (0.54%) thinkFolio
3 33 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
4 18 (0.20%) Magento
5 16 (0.18%) Actimize
6 15 (0.17%) Ripple
7 11 (0.12%) Odoo
8 8 (0.090%) Oracle Payables
8 8 (0.090%) Oracle Receivables
8 8 (0.090%) SunGard GMI
9 7 (0.079%) Payment Gateway
9 7 (0.079%) R3 Corda
9 7 (0.079%) SAP Hybris
10 5 (0.056%) Eagle PACE
10 5 (0.056%) Front Arena
10 5 (0.056%) Markit EDM
10 5 (0.056%) Remedy ITSM
10 5 (0.056%) Rolfe and Nolan
10 5 (0.056%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 4 (0.045%) ION MarketView
Cloud Services
1 2,869 (32.36%) Amazon AWS
2 1,366 (15.41%) Microsoft Azure
3 863 (9.73%) Google Cloud Platform
4 323 (3.64%) SaaS
5 305 (3.44%) AWS CloudFormation
6 293 (3.30%) Serverless
7 219 (2.47%) GitHub
8 218 (2.46%) Cloud Computing
9 216 (2.44%) AWS Lambda
10 199 (2.24%) Amazon EC2
11 193 (2.18%) Amazon S3
12 166 (1.87%) PaaS
13 135 (1.52%) IaaS
14 126 (1.42%) Office 365
15 90 (1.02%) Amazon EMR
16 86 (0.97%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 83 (0.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 70 (0.79%) OpenShift
19 60 (0.68%) Amazon ELB
20 58 (0.65%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 407 (4.59%) Firewall
2 223 (2.52%) DNS
3 208 (2.35%) TCP/IP
4 172 (1.94%) HTTP
5 154 (1.74%) Internet
6 141 (1.59%) VPN
7 121 (1.36%) WAN
8 102 (1.15%) LAN
9 95 (1.07%) BGP
10 93 (1.05%) Network Security
11 86 (0.97%) Wireless
12 63 (0.71%) SAN
13 60 (0.68%) SSL
14 58 (0.65%) DHCP
15 57 (0.64%) OSPF
16 52 (0.59%) Intrusion Detection
17 45 (0.51%) Wi-Fi
18 41 (0.46%) MPLS
19 39 (0.44%) VLAN
19 39 (0.44%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,348 (15.20%) Big Data
2 987 (11.13%) Hadoop
3 908 (10.24%) NoSQL
4 739 (8.34%) SQL Server
5 679 (7.66%) MySQL
6 664 (7.49%) PostgreSQL
7 550 (6.20%) Relational Database
8 449 (5.06%) MongoDB
9 425 (4.79%) Apache Hive
10 415 (4.68%) Data Warehouse
11 363 (4.09%) Apache Cassandra
12 306 (3.45%) Amazon Redshift
13 288 (3.25%) Blockchain
14 252 (2.84%) HBase
15 247 (2.79%) Power BI
16 230 (2.59%) Redis
17 200 (2.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 180 (2.03%) Impala
19 173 (1.95%) Data Mining
20 160 (1.80%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 1,185 (13.37%) Jenkins
2 1,166 (13.15%) Git (software)
3 469 (5.29%) JIRA
4 352 (3.97%) Maven
5 340 (3.83%) TeamCity
6 312 (3.52%) Selenium
7 300 (3.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 252 (2.84%) Subversion
9 230 (2.59%) Octopus Deploy
10 158 (1.78%) Vagrant
11 129 (1.45%) Cucumber
12 126 (1.42%) Gradle
13 109 (1.23%) Ant
14 107 (1.21%) Team Foundation Server
15 104 (1.17%) Visual Studio
16 103 (1.16%) GitLab
17 101 (1.14%) Visual Studio Team System
18 95 (1.07%) JUnit
19 90 (1.02%) Travis CI
20 87 (0.98%) Bitbucket
General
1 2,586 (29.17%) Finance
2 950 (10.72%) Banking
3 460 (5.19%) Front Office
4 341 (3.85%) Marketing
5 339 (3.82%) Investment Banking
6 309 (3.49%) Retail
7 265 (2.99%) Games
8 211 (2.38%) Law
9 198 (2.23%) Telecoms
10 158 (1.78%) Financial Institution
11 154 (1.74%) Advertising
12 116 (1.31%) Electronics
13 100 (1.13%) Publishing
14 90 (1.02%) Manufacturing
15 87 (0.98%) Military
16 59 (0.67%) French Language
17 56 (0.63%) Legal
18 49 (0.55%) German Language
19 48 (0.54%) Back Office
20 47 (0.53%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 2,732 (30.81%) Developer
2 1,096 (12.36%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,057 (11.92%) Python Developer
4 622 (7.02%) Data Engineer
5 573 (6.46%) Senior Developer
6 555 (6.26%) Data Scientist
7 537 (6.06%) Software Engineer
8 516 (5.82%) Analyst
8 516 (5.82%) Python Engineer
9 431 (4.86%) Java Developer
10 351 (3.96%) Architect
11 320 (3.61%) AWS Engineer
12 318 (3.59%) Linux Engineer
13 281 (3.17%) Cloud Engineer
14 255 (2.88%) Consultant
15 249 (2.81%) Big Data Engineer
16 240 (2.71%) AWS DevOps
16 240 (2.71%) Senior DevOps
17 233 (2.63%) Junior
18 218 (2.46%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 770 (8.68%) .NET
2 719 (8.11%) HTML
3 703 (7.93%) Node.js
4 678 (7.65%) Web Services
5 628 (7.08%) AngularJS
6 615 (6.94%) React
7 597 (6.73%) Django
8 552 (6.23%) Kafka
9 534 (6.02%) CSS
10 415 (4.68%) Natural Language Processing
11 412 (4.65%) REST
12 310 (3.50%) Flask
13 302 (3.41%) RESTful
14 268 (3.02%) Spring
15 264 (2.98%) TensorFlow
16 257 (2.90%) RabbitMQ
17 256 (2.89%) HTML5
18 243 (2.74%) Pandas
19 231 (2.61%) NumPy
20 211 (2.38%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 866 (9.77%) Analytical Skills
2 852 (9.61%) Fintech
3 766 (8.64%) Algorithms
4 489 (5.52%) Hedge funds
5 377 (4.25%) Greenfield Project
6 367 (4.14%) Data Structures
7 342 (3.86%) Equities
8 316 (3.56%) Fixed Income
9 309 (3.49%) Derivative
10 281 (3.17%) Data Centre
11 272 (3.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 245 (2.76%) Self-Motivation
13 235 (2.65%) User Experience
14 197 (2.22%) Public Cloud
15 174 (1.96%) Linux Command Line
16 165 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
17 160 (1.80%) Management Information System
18 140 (1.58%) Mobile App
19 105 (1.18%) Robotics
20 96 (1.08%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,781 (31.37%) Linux
2 904 (10.20%) Windows
3 789 (8.90%) Unix
4 311 (3.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 289 (3.26%) CentOS
6 233 (2.63%) Ubuntu
7 179 (2.02%) Windows Server
8 144 (1.62%) Android
9 120 (1.35%) Apple iOS
10 94 (1.06%) Solaris
11 93 (1.05%) Debian
12 58 (0.65%) CoreOS
13 55 (0.62%) Fedora
14 40 (0.45%) Windows Server 2008
15 36 (0.41%) SUSE
16 30 (0.34%) VMS
17 29 (0.33%) Mac OS X
18 22 (0.25%) AIX
18 22 (0.25%) Mesosphere
19 21 (0.24%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,635 (29.72%) Agile Software Development
2 2,502 (28.22%) DevOps
3 1,600 (18.05%) Machine Learning
4 1,441 (16.25%) Software Engineering
5 1,413 (15.94%) Analytics
6 1,276 (14.39%) Computer Science
7 1,265 (14.27%) Data Science
8 1,043 (11.76%) Continuous Integration
9 945 (10.66%) Problem-Solving
10 923 (10.41%) Mathematics
11 878 (9.90%) Artificial Intelligence
12 802 (9.05%) Test Automation
13 763 (8.61%) Microservices
14 756 (8.53%) Open Source
15 747 (8.43%) TDD
16 676 (7.62%) Configuration Management
17 622 (7.02%) Scrum
18 604 (6.81%) Business Intelligence
19 559 (6.30%) ETL
20 549 (6.19%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 3,274 (36.93%) Java
2 2,770 (31.24%) SQL
3 1,700 (19.17%) JavaScript
4 1,575 (17.76%) C++
5 1,508 (17.01%) C#
6 1,336 (15.07%) Bash Shell
7 1,285 (14.49%) Ruby
8 946 (10.67%) R
9 931 (10.50%) Perl
10 885 (9.98%) Scala
11 843 (9.51%) Go
12 731 (8.24%) PowerShell
13 575 (6.49%) C
14 548 (6.18%) PHP
15 304 (3.43%) Shell Script
16 169 (1.91%) T-SQL
17 165 (1.86%) MATLAB
18 155 (1.75%) Korn
19 151 (1.70%) ES6
20 137 (1.55%) Bourne shell
Qualifications
1 1,382 (15.59%) Degree
2 478 (5.39%) PhD
3 450 (5.08%) Computer Science Degree
4 163 (1.84%) Master's Degree
5 140 (1.58%) Numerate Degree
6 129 (1.45%) Security Cleared
7 107 (1.21%) AWS Certification
8 89 (1.00%) Cisco Certification
9 73 (0.82%) SC Cleared
10 71 (0.80%) Microsoft Certification
11 69 (0.78%) MPhil
12 67 (0.76%) CCNP
13 59 (0.67%) CISSP
14 52 (0.59%) DV Cleared
15 46 (0.52%) RHCE
16 44 (0.50%) MCSA
17 35 (0.39%) CCNA
18 33 (0.37%) GIAC
19 31 (0.35%) OSCP
20 30 (0.34%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 483 (5.45%) QA
2 145 (1.64%) Data Quality
3 51 (0.58%) GDPR
4 35 (0.39%) PCI DSS
5 30 (0.34%) SLA
6 21 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 21 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 19 (0.21%) MiFID
8 16 (0.18%) SAS 70
9 13 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
10 10 (0.11%) Solvency II
11 8 (0.090%) EMIR
11 8 (0.090%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 4 (0.045%) FATCA
12 4 (0.045%) GxP
12 4 (0.045%) PMO
13 3 (0.034%) COBIT
13 3 (0.034%) FedRAMP
13 3 (0.034%) WCAG
14 2 (0.023%) JTAG
System Software
1 1,857 (20.95%) Docker
2 269 (3.03%) VMware Infrastructure
3 205 (2.31%) Active Directory
4 117 (1.32%) HDFS
5 106 (1.20%) Apache Flume
5 106 (1.20%) Hyper-V
6 52 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
7 51 (0.58%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 47 (0.53%) vSphere
9 41 (0.46%) KVM
9 41 (0.46%) VMware ESXi
10 36 (0.41%) NFS
11 31 (0.35%) VirtualBox
12 27 (0.30%) Varnish
13 24 (0.27%) Snort
14 21 (0.24%) VMware NSX
15 19 (0.21%) Samba
15 19 (0.21%) Xen
16 18 (0.20%) Virtual Desktop
17 17 (0.19%) iptables
Systems Management
1 1,516 (17.10%) Ansible
2 1,120 (12.63%) Kubernetes
3 1,114 (12.56%) Puppet
4 877 (9.89%) Opscode Chef
5 756 (8.53%) Terraform
6 266 (3.00%) Salt
7 158 (1.78%) Nagios
8 132 (1.49%) Prometheus
9 131 (1.48%) Oozie
10 123 (1.39%) Docker Swarm
11 117 (1.32%) Packer
12 110 (1.24%) Grafana
13 104 (1.17%) Hadoop YARN
14 100 (1.13%) ZABBIX
15 87 (0.98%) Kibana
16 85 (0.96%) Graphite
17 82 (0.92%) Mesos
18 76 (0.86%) Consul
19 65 (0.73%) logstash
20 61 (0.69%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 827 (9.33%) Google
2 606 (6.84%) Oracle
3 583 (6.58%) Microsoft
4 483 (5.45%) Tableau
5 442 (4.99%) Red Hat
6 352 (3.97%) VMware
7 239 (2.70%) Splunk
8 211 (2.38%) Cloudera
9 191 (2.15%) Cisco
10 190 (2.14%) SAP
11 142 (1.60%) Hortonworks
12 129 (1.45%) IBM
13 106 (1.20%) MapR
14 98 (1.11%) Atlassian
15 92 (1.04%) Databricks
16 88 (0.99%) Informatica
17 86 (0.97%) Sybase
18 84 (0.95%) Bloomberg
19 76 (0.86%) CheckPoint
20 74 (0.83%) Reuters