Period
to 18 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 18 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
London > Central London
6 months to
18 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 38 28 27
Rank change year-on-year -10 -1 -12
Permanent jobs citing CSS 438 371 1,086
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in Central London 6.48% 8.04% 8.41%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.76% 18.52% 21.29%
Number of salaries quoted 394 301 971
10th Percentile £43,750 £44,000 £38,750
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £48,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £67,500 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year - +8.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £96,250 £100,000 £85,000
London median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year - +8.33% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Central London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,613 2,003 5,100
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in Central London 38.66% 43.41% 39.51%
Number of salaries quoted 2,366 1,736 4,633
10th Percentile £47,500 £46,250 £42,500
25th Percentile £57,500 £56,250 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £93,750 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £100,000 £95,000
London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +3.85%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in Central London

CSS
Salary Trend in Central London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in Central London.

Salary trend for CSS in Central London

CSS
Salary Histogram in Central London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in Central London over the 6 months to 18 September 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in Central London

CSS
Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the Central London region over the 6 months to 18 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -9 376 £70,000 +7.69% 156
Camden +2 5 £47,500 - 4
West End of London -18 4 £45,000 +12.50% 3
Kensington and Chelsea +2 3 £85,000 +54.55%
Lambeth -3 2 £29,000 -22.67%
CSS
London

For the 6 months to 18 September 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 374 (85.39%) HTML
2 339 (77.40%) JavaScript
3 199 (45.43%) React
4 195 (44.52%) Agile Software Development
5 174 (39.73%) C#
6 166 (37.90%) HTML5
7 156 (35.62%) .NET
8 154 (35.16%) SQL
9 148 (33.79%) AngularJS
10 139 (31.74%) Azure
11 133 (30.37%) Finance
12 126 (28.77%) SQL Server
13 118 (26.94%) Node.js
14 112 (25.57%) Social Skills
15 109 (24.89%) jQuery
16 99 (22.60%) Full Stack Development
17 98 (22.37%) TypeScript
18 92 (21.00%) Web Services
19 90 (20.55%) DevOps
20 89 (20.32%) MVC
21 84 (19.18%) AWS
22 82 (18.72%) Front End Development
23 77 (17.58%) CSS3
24 76 (17.35%) Docker
24 76 (17.35%) TDD
25 70 (15.98%) Microservices
26 67 (15.30%) ASP.NET
27 66 (15.07%) .NET Core
28 65 (14.84%) Continuous Integration
29 64 (14.61%) ASP.NET Web API

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (12.79%) SharePoint
2 29 (6.62%) CMS
3 18 (4.11%) Drupal
4 15 (3.42%) Apache Solr
5 13 (2.97%) WordPress
6 12 (2.74%) Elasticsearch
7 10 (2.28%) Confluence
8 9 (2.05%) EPiServer
9 7 (1.60%) Apache Spark
10 6 (1.37%) IIS
11 5 (1.14%) Moodle
12 4 (0.91%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 4 (0.91%) nginx
12 4 (0.91%) SharePoint 2010
12 4 (0.91%) SharePoint 2013
13 2 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
14 1 (0.23%) ColdFusion
14 1 (0.23%) Headless CMS
14 1 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 8 (1.83%) Sketch
2 7 (1.60%) Adobe Illustrator
2 7 (1.60%) Photoshop
3 6 (1.37%) InVision
4 4 (0.91%) Adobe Premiere
4 4 (0.91%) InfoPath
4 4 (0.91%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.68%) Adobe After Effects
5 3 (0.68%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 3 (0.68%) InDesign
5 3 (0.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.68%) UXPin
6 2 (0.46%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.46%) Figma
7 1 (0.23%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 19 (4.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.91%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 3 (0.68%) Shopify
4 1 (0.23%) Magento
4 1 (0.23%) nopCommerce
4 1 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 139 (31.74%) Azure
2 84 (19.18%) AWS
3 41 (9.36%) SaaS
4 39 (8.90%) PaaS
5 35 (7.99%) Serverless
6 30 (6.85%) Power Platform
7 29 (6.62%) Microsoft 365
8 27 (6.16%) PowerApps
9 25 (5.71%) AWS Lambda
9 25 (5.71%) Power Automate
10 23 (5.25%) Azure Service Bus
11 21 (4.79%) Azure Key Vault
12 20 (4.57%) npm
13 18 (4.11%) Azure Storage
14 17 (3.88%) Azure Active Directory
14 17 (3.88%) Azure Logic Apps
15 16 (3.65%) Azure App Service
15 16 (3.65%) Azure Service Fabric
16 13 (2.97%) GitHub
17 11 (2.51%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 16 (3.65%) Extranet
2 5 (1.14%) Internet
3 2 (0.46%) HTTP
4 1 (0.23%) DNS
4 1 (0.23%) Firewall
4 1 (0.23%) SSH
4 1 (0.23%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 126 (28.77%) SQL Server
2 30 (6.85%) NoSQL
3 29 (6.62%) MySQL
4 25 (5.71%) Power BI
5 22 (5.02%) MongoDB
6 21 (4.79%) Azure SQL Database
7 17 (3.88%) PostgreSQL
8 15 (3.42%) Redis
9 11 (2.51%) Big Data
9 11 (2.51%) Relational Database
10 7 (1.60%) Apache Hive
10 7 (1.60%) Hadoop
11 4 (0.91%) Couchbase
11 4 (0.91%) Metadata
11 4 (0.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 4 (0.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 3 (0.68%) Amazon RDS
13 2 (0.46%) RDBMS
13 2 (0.46%) SQL Server 2012
13 2 (0.46%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 63 (14.38%) Git (software)
2 36 (8.22%) webpack
3 26 (5.94%) Visual Studio
3 26 (5.94%) Visual Studio Team System
4 24 (5.48%) Team Foundation Server
5 18 (4.11%) JIRA
6 15 (3.42%) Grunt
6 15 (3.42%) Jenkins
7 11 (2.51%) NUnit
8 9 (2.05%) Bower
8 9 (2.05%) Cypress.io
8 9 (2.05%) Jasmine
8 9 (2.05%) Moq
9 8 (1.83%) Selenium
10 6 (1.37%) gulp
10 6 (1.37%) Mocha
10 6 (1.37%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
11 5 (1.14%) GitLab
11 5 (1.14%) jspm
12 4 (0.91%) SpecFlow
General
1 133 (30.37%) Finance
2 112 (25.57%) Social Skills
3 42 (9.59%) Marketing
4 21 (4.79%) Banking
5 20 (4.57%) Analytical Skills
6 10 (2.28%) Public Sector
7 9 (2.05%) Manufacturing
7 9 (2.05%) Pharmaceutical
7 9 (2.05%) Retail
8 7 (1.60%) Investment Banking
9 6 (1.37%) Electronics
9 6 (1.37%) Publishing
9 6 (1.37%) Telecoms
10 5 (1.14%) Advertising
10 5 (1.14%) Presentation Skills
11 4 (0.91%) Automotive
11 4 (0.91%) Online Betting
11 4 (0.91%) Organisational Skills
12 3 (0.68%) Front Office
13 2 (0.46%) Games
Job Titles
1 342 (78.08%) Developer
2 91 (20.78%) Senior Developer
3 65 (14.84%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 58 (13.24%) C# Developer
5 50 (11.42%) .NET Developer
6 46 (10.50%) Software Developer
7 44 (10.05%) Full Stack Developer
8 43 (9.82%) Angular Developer
9 40 (9.13%) C# .NET Developer
10 28 (6.39%) React Developer
11 26 (5.94%) Lead Developer
12 25 (5.71%) SharePoint Developer
13 24 (5.48%) Azure Developer
14 23 (5.25%) JavaScript Developer
15 21 (4.79%) PHP Developer
16 19 (4.34%) Senior C# Developer
17 17 (3.88%) Senior .NET Developer
17 17 (3.88%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 17 (3.88%) Senior Software Developer
17 17 (3.88%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 374 (85.39%) HTML
2 199 (45.43%) React
3 166 (37.90%) HTML5
4 156 (35.62%) .NET
5 148 (33.79%) AngularJS
6 118 (26.94%) Node.js
7 109 (24.89%) jQuery
8 92 (21.00%) Web Services
9 77 (17.58%) CSS3
10 67 (15.30%) ASP.NET
11 66 (15.07%) .NET Core
12 64 (14.61%) ASP.NET Web API
12 64 (14.61%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 59 (13.47%) Sass
13 59 (13.47%) Vue.js
14 47 (10.73%) .NET Framework
15 39 (8.90%) JSON
16 38 (8.68%) Entity Framework
17 33 (7.53%) Express
18 32 (7.31%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 61 (13.93%) User Experience
2 52 (11.87%) Greenfield Project
3 33 (7.53%) Enterprise Software
4 28 (6.39%) N-Tier
5 22 (5.02%) Mobile App
6 10 (2.28%) Life Science
7 7 (1.60%) Social Media
7 7 (1.60%) Virtual Team
8 4 (0.91%) Biotechnology
8 4 (0.91%) Client/Server
8 4 (0.91%) Reinsurance
8 4 (0.91%) Self-Motivation
8 4 (0.91%) Taxonomies
9 3 (0.68%) Animation
9 3 (0.68%) Cloud Native
9 3 (0.68%) Data Centre
9 3 (0.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 3 (0.68%) Legacy Systems
9 3 (0.68%) W3C
10 2 (0.46%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 45 (10.27%) Windows
2 13 (2.97%) Linux
3 4 (0.91%) Windows Server
3 4 (0.91%) Windows Server 2019
4 3 (0.68%) Android
4 3 (0.68%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.46%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 195 (44.52%) Agile Software Development
2 99 (22.60%) Full Stack Development
3 90 (20.55%) DevOps
4 89 (20.32%) MVC
5 82 (18.72%) Front End Development
6 76 (17.35%) TDD
7 70 (15.98%) Microservices
8 65 (14.84%) Continuous Integration
9 63 (14.38%) Computer Science
9 63 (14.38%) Software Engineering
10 60 (13.70%) OO
10 60 (13.70%) Scrum
11 59 (13.47%) Fintech
12 56 (12.79%) Web Development
13 54 (12.33%) Analytics
14 52 (11.87%) Test Automation
15 46 (10.50%) Investment Management
16 44 (10.05%) Multithreading
16 44 (10.05%) Unit Testing
17 43 (9.82%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 339 (77.40%) JavaScript
2 174 (39.73%) C#
3 154 (35.16%) SQL
4 98 (22.37%) TypeScript
5 57 (13.01%) T-SQL
6 50 (11.42%) PHP
7 46 (10.50%) Java
8 30 (6.85%) PowerShell
9 20 (4.57%) Python
10 19 (4.34%) ES6
11 18 (4.11%) Kotlin
12 11 (2.51%) Scala
13 7 (1.60%) Ruby
14 5 (1.14%) C++
14 5 (1.14%) VB.NET
15 4 (0.91%) C
15 4 (0.91%) ES7
16 3 (0.68%) Go
16 3 (0.68%) R
17 2 (0.46%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 58 (13.24%) Degree
2 20 (4.57%) Computer Science Degree
3 13 (2.97%) SC Cleared
3 13 (2.97%) Security Cleared
4 5 (1.14%) DV Cleared
5 2 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.23%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (4.57%) QA
2 19 (4.34%) Accessibility
3 1 (0.23%) Data Quality
System Software
1 76 (17.35%) Docker
2 6 (1.37%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.91%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 34 (7.76%) Kubernetes
2 29 (6.62%) Terraform
3 24 (5.48%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.23%) Automic
Vendors
1 32 (7.31%) Microsoft
2 22 (5.02%) Nintex
3 17 (3.88%) Workday
4 16 (3.65%) Google
5 12 (2.74%) Adobe
6 7 (1.60%) DevExpress
6 7 (1.60%) SAP
7 6 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
7 6 (1.37%) Sitecore
8 4 (0.91%) Oracle
8 4 (0.91%) Sparx
9 2 (0.46%) Atlassian
9 2 (0.46%) IBM
9 2 (0.46%) OpenText
9 2 (0.46%) ServiceNow
9 2 (0.46%) Xero
10 1 (0.23%) Conga
10 1 (0.23%) hybris
10 1 (0.23%) New Relic
10 1 (0.23%) Xamarin