Period
to 16 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 16 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
16 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 19 12 13
Rank change year-on-year -7 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing CSS 3,563 4,021 3,929
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 7.67% 9.64% 8.97%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 20.98% 27.51% 27.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,834 3,052 3,092
London median daily rate £470 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.59% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £313 £310 £263
90th Percentile £600 £588 £550
England median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 16 33
London median hourly rate £27.00 £44.50 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -39.33% +48.33% +2.16%
10th Percentile £21.25 £20.98 £20.09
90th Percentile £29.00 £68.82 £52.50
England median hourly rate £45.00 £35.34 £31.50
% change year-on-year +27.33% +12.20% -5.97%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16,984 14,615 14,141
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 36.58% 35.03% 32.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,128 10,956 10,549
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £352 £325 £308
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
England median daily rate £475 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +11.76% +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 99 76 91
London median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £38.68
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +16.34% +10.51%
10th Percentile £20.75 £21.00 £16.63
90th Percentile £47.83 £65.00 £55.00
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 16 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -8 684 £475 +7.95% 304
West London +4 243 £450 +12.50% 226
South London -19 80 £433 +15.33% 31
East London -12 35 £450 +1.41% 50
North London -9 11 £263 -27.59% 21
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 16 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 3,271 (91.80%) HTML
2 2,856 (80.16%) JavaScript
3 1,696 (47.60%) Agile Software Development
4 1,619 (45.44%) HTML5
5 1,267 (35.56%) AngularJS
6 1,234 (34.63%) CSS3
7 1,042 (29.25%) React
8 1,011 (28.37%) Front End Development
9 972 (27.28%) TDD
10 863 (24.22%) Node.js
11 805 (22.59%) Git (software)
12 797 (22.37%) jQuery
13 693 (19.45%) Java
14 652 (18.30%) Sass
15 617 (17.32%) Finance
16 607 (17.04%) User Experience
17 570 (16.00%) .NET
18 546 (15.32%) Web Development
19 500 (14.03%) C#
20 496 (13.92%) MVC
21 460 (12.91%) Web Services
22 454 (12.74%) BDD
23 434 (12.18%) SQL
24 432 (12.12%) ES6
25 426 (11.96%) Scrum
26 424 (11.90%) RESTful
27 403 (11.31%) OO
28 353 (9.91%) Responsive Web Design
29 348 (9.77%) Redux
30 342 (9.60%) Twitter Bootstrap

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 245 (6.88%) CMS
2 98 (2.75%) Drupal
3 86 (2.41%) WordPress
4 85 (2.39%) Elasticsearch
5 80 (2.25%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 80 (2.25%) Apache
6 79 (2.22%) Confluence
7 75 (2.10%) SharePoint
8 44 (1.23%) Umbraco
9 40 (1.12%) JBoss
10 39 (1.09%) Apache Solr
11 29 (0.81%) IIS
11 29 (0.81%) nginx
11 29 (0.81%) Tomcat
12 27 (0.76%) EPiServer
13 24 (0.67%) SharePoint 2013
14 21 (0.59%) Sitecore CMS
14 21 (0.59%) WebSphere
15 11 (0.31%) BizTalk Server
15 11 (0.31%) WebLogic
Applications
1 147 (4.13%) Photoshop
2 77 (2.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 72 (2.02%) Adobe Illustrator
4 60 (1.68%) InVision
5 45 (1.26%) Microsoft Excel
6 28 (0.79%) OmniGraffle
7 15 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
8 12 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 11 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
10 8 (0.22%) UXPin
11 7 (0.20%) Flinto
11 7 (0.20%) InfoPath
12 6 (0.17%) Adobe After Effects
12 6 (0.17%) InDesign
12 6 (0.17%) MS Visio
13 4 (0.11%) Adobe Premiere
13 4 (0.11%) GIMP
14 2 (0.056%) Acrobat
14 2 (0.056%) Adobe Captivate
14 2 (0.056%) ImageReady
Business Applications
1 60 (1.68%) Magento
2 15 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
3 12 (0.34%) Adobe Campaign
3 12 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
4 7 (0.20%) Shopify
5 6 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
6 4 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
6 4 (0.11%) Social Studio
7 3 (0.084%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.084%) Unica
7 3 (0.084%) WebTrends
8 2 (0.056%) Infor M3
8 2 (0.056%) Movex
9 1 (0.028%) Distributed Ledger
9 1 (0.028%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.028%) Eloqua
9 1 (0.028%) Maximo
9 1 (0.028%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 271 (7.61%) Amazon AWS
2 157 (4.41%) Microsoft Azure
3 152 (4.27%) npm
4 81 (2.27%) GitHub
5 68 (1.91%) SaaS
6 57 (1.60%) Serverless
7 40 (1.12%) Google Analytics
8 35 (0.98%) PaaS
9 34 (0.95%) Heroku
9 34 (0.95%) Office 365
10 25 (0.70%) IaaS
11 24 (0.67%) Google Cloud Platform
12 19 (0.53%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 19 (0.53%) Trello
13 17 (0.48%) Amazon EC2
14 16 (0.45%) Amazon S3
15 15 (0.42%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 11 (0.31%) Amazon SQS
17 10 (0.28%) AWS Lambda
17 10 (0.28%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 60 (1.68%) Internet
2 48 (1.35%) HTTP
3 25 (0.70%) SMS
4 22 (0.62%) FTP
4 22 (0.62%) Intranet
5 17 (0.48%) DNS
6 13 (0.36%) SSL
6 13 (0.36%) TCP/IP
7 6 (0.17%) HTTPS
7 6 (0.17%) Skype
8 4 (0.11%) SMTP
9 3 (0.084%) Ethernet
9 3 (0.084%) Firewall
10 2 (0.056%) ATM
10 2 (0.056%) LDAP
10 2 (0.056%) Network Security
10 2 (0.056%) NFC
10 2 (0.056%) SSH
10 2 (0.056%) Unified Communications
10 2 (0.056%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 315 (8.84%) SQL Server
2 249 (6.99%) MySQL
3 170 (4.77%) MongoDB
4 139 (3.90%) Relational Database
5 122 (3.42%) PostgreSQL
6 94 (2.64%) NoSQL
7 61 (1.71%) Big Data
8 51 (1.43%) SQL Server 2012
9 37 (1.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 32 (0.90%) Redis
11 26 (0.73%) Hadoop
11 26 (0.73%) SQL Server 2008
12 25 (0.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 22 (0.62%) Apache Cassandra
13 22 (0.62%) RDBMS
14 20 (0.56%) Neo4j
15 19 (0.53%) SQL Server 2014
16 18 (0.51%) MS Access
16 18 (0.51%) SQL Server 2005
17 17 (0.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 805 (22.59%) Git (software)
2 269 (7.55%) webpack
3 255 (7.16%) Jenkins
4 242 (6.79%) gulp
5 208 (5.84%) Grunt
5 208 (5.84%) Jasmine
6 205 (5.75%) JIRA
7 147 (4.13%) Selenium
8 138 (3.87%) Subversion
9 131 (3.68%) Mocha
10 105 (2.95%) Babel
11 98 (2.75%) Karma Test Runner
12 95 (2.67%) Cucumber
13 88 (2.47%) Axure RP
14 73 (2.05%) Visual Studio
15 71 (1.99%) Maven
16 64 (1.80%) JUnit
17 61 (1.71%) NUnit
18 56 (1.57%) TeamCity
19 51 (1.43%) Mockito
General
1 617 (17.32%) Finance
2 280 (7.86%) Banking
3 220 (6.17%) Marketing
4 154 (4.32%) Retail
5 84 (2.36%) Front Office
6 74 (2.08%) Telecoms
7 60 (1.68%) Games
8 54 (1.52%) Investment Banking
9 48 (1.35%) Advertising
10 42 (1.18%) Publishing
11 38 (1.07%) Law
12 23 (0.65%) Financial Institution
13 17 (0.48%) Retail Banking
14 16 (0.45%) Electronics
14 16 (0.45%) Manufacturing
15 14 (0.39%) Japanese Language
15 14 (0.39%) Multimedia
16 12 (0.34%) Automotive
17 9 (0.25%) Back Office
18 7 (0.20%) Legal
Job Titles
1 2,872 (80.61%) Developer
2 769 (21.58%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 679 (19.06%) JavaScript Developer
4 365 (10.24%) HTML Developer
5 348 (9.77%) Angular Developer
6 289 (8.11%) Senior Developer
7 288 (8.08%) Full Stack Developer
8 284 (7.97%) Java Developer
9 260 (7.30%) HTML CSS Developer
10 239 (6.71%) Designer
11 233 (6.54%) UI Developer
12 229 (6.43%) .NET Developer
13 194 (5.44%) C# Developer
14 177 (4.97%) Node.js Developer
15 153 (4.29%) Web Developer
16 143 (4.01%) UX Designer
17 114 (3.20%) Agile Developer
18 103 (2.89%) C# .NET Developer
19 99 (2.78%) PHP Developer
20 83 (2.33%) UI Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,271 (91.80%) HTML
2 1,619 (45.44%) HTML5
3 1,267 (35.56%) AngularJS
4 1,234 (34.63%) CSS3
5 1,042 (29.25%) React
6 863 (24.22%) Node.js
7 797 (22.37%) jQuery
8 652 (18.30%) Sass
9 570 (16.00%) .NET
10 460 (12.91%) Web Services
11 424 (11.90%) RESTful
12 348 (9.77%) Redux
13 342 (9.60%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 335 (9.40%) REST
15 306 (8.59%) ASP.NET
16 304 (8.53%) LESS
17 279 (7.83%) JSON
18 277 (7.77%) XML
19 241 (6.76%) Ajax
20 194 (5.44%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 607 (17.04%) User Experience
2 229 (6.43%) Greenfield Project
3 190 (5.33%) Mobile App
4 166 (4.66%) Analytical Skills
5 161 (4.52%) Fintech
6 84 (2.36%) Computer Science
7 59 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
8 55 (1.54%) Virtual Team
9 50 (1.40%) Derivative
10 44 (1.23%) Data Structures
11 43 (1.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 41 (1.15%) Social Media
13 33 (0.93%) Algorithms
13 33 (0.93%) W3C
14 32 (0.90%) Equity Derivative
15 31 (0.87%) Video on Demand
16 30 (0.84%) Fixed Income
17 23 (0.65%) Video\Live Streaming
18 19 (0.53%) Credit Risk
18 19 (0.53%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 254 (7.13%) Linux
2 94 (2.64%) Windows
3 90 (2.53%) Unix
4 72 (2.02%) Apple iOS
5 64 (1.80%) Android
6 24 (0.67%) Mac OS
7 21 (0.59%) Windows Server
8 18 (0.51%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.084%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.084%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.084%) VMS
9 3 (0.084%) Windows 10
10 2 (0.056%) CentOS
10 2 (0.056%) Fedora
10 2 (0.056%) Oracle Linux
11 1 (0.028%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.028%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.028%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.028%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.028%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,696 (47.60%) Agile Software Development
2 1,011 (28.37%) Front End Development
3 972 (27.28%) TDD
4 546 (15.32%) Web Development
5 496 (13.92%) MVC
6 454 (12.74%) BDD
7 426 (11.96%) Scrum
8 403 (11.31%) OO
9 353 (9.91%) Responsive Web Design
10 342 (9.60%) Continuous Integration
11 312 (8.76%) E-Commerce
12 303 (8.50%) Test Automation
13 240 (6.74%) DevOps
14 209 (5.87%) Software Engineering
15 207 (5.81%) Pair Programming
16 204 (5.73%) SDLC
17 190 (5.33%) Unit Testing
18 173 (4.86%) Microservices
19 168 (4.72%) Prototyping
20 162 (4.55%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 2,856 (80.16%) JavaScript
2 693 (19.45%) Java
3 500 (14.03%) C#
4 434 (12.18%) SQL
5 432 (12.12%) ES6
6 316 (8.87%) PHP
7 282 (7.91%) TypeScript
8 230 (6.46%) Python
9 151 (4.24%) Scala
10 121 (3.40%) Ruby
11 89 (2.50%) T-SQL
12 56 (1.57%) ES7
12 56 (1.57%) Groovy
13 50 (1.40%) PL/SQL
14 46 (1.29%) C++
15 40 (1.12%) PowerShell
16 31 (0.87%) Go
17 30 (0.84%) GraphQL
18 27 (0.76%) Apex Code
19 25 (0.70%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 153 (4.29%) Degree
2 119 (3.34%) Security Cleared
3 82 (2.30%) SC Cleared
4 40 (1.12%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (0.28%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (0.25%) DBS Check
7 7 (0.20%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.084%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.056%) APMP
10 2 (0.056%) CTC Cleared
10 2 (0.056%) IBM Certification
11 1 (0.028%) ISEB
11 1 (0.028%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.028%) MCITP
11 1 (0.028%) MCSD
11 1 (0.028%) MCTS
11 1 (0.028%) OCPJP
11 1 (0.028%) PhD
11 1 (0.028%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 137 (3.85%) QA
2 40 (1.12%) WCAG
3 16 (0.45%) WAI
4 12 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
5 7 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.11%) GDPR
7 2 (0.056%) SLA
8 1 (0.028%) HL7
8 1 (0.028%) PMO
System Software
1 277 (7.77%) Docker
2 15 (0.42%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.084%) Varnish
5 2 (0.056%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.056%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.028%) HDFS
6 1 (0.028%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 54 (1.52%) Ansible
2 53 (1.49%) Kubernetes
3 42 (1.18%) Opscode Chef
4 35 (0.98%) Puppet
5 27 (0.76%) Terraform
6 15 (0.42%) Sysdig
7 9 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
8 6 (0.17%) Business Desktop Deployment
9 5 (0.14%) HP Quality Center
9 5 (0.14%) ITRS Geneos
10 4 (0.11%) Kibana
11 3 (0.084%) Matomo
11 3 (0.084%) Nagios
11 3 (0.084%) ZABBIX
12 2 (0.056%) Pingdom
13 1 (0.028%) Grafana
13 1 (0.028%) HockeyApp
13 1 (0.028%) Salt
13 1 (0.028%) SCCM
13 1 (0.028%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 240 (6.74%) Adobe
2 212 (5.95%) Microsoft
3 155 (4.35%) Oracle
4 84 (2.36%) Google
5 75 (2.10%) ServiceNow
6 70 (1.96%) Salesforce.com
7 42 (1.18%) Sitecore
8 36 (1.01%) hybris
9 32 (0.90%) PayPal
10 28 (0.79%) Splunk
11 27 (0.76%) Atlassian
12 26 (0.73%) SAP
13 22 (0.62%) Zend
14 20 (0.56%) IBM
15 18 (0.51%) New Relic
16 17 (0.48%) Demandware
17 15 (0.42%) Cognos
18 13 (0.36%) ATG
18 13 (0.36%) VMware
19 12 (0.34%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud