The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 30 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
England / London
3 months to
30 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 14 14 20
Rank change year-on-year 0 +6  
Contract jobs citing CSS 1626 1928 1623
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 8.25% 8.54% 7.58%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.78% 26.79% 25.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 1247 1493 1171
Median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £320 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £369 £350 £335
% change year-on-year +5.35% +4.47%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 9 8
Median hourly rate £37.63 £43.00 £24.94
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.48% +72.44%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.70 £17.98 £19.70
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £118.00 £55.00 £91.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £32.50 £34.60
% change year-on-year +23.07% -6.06%  

CSS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
London
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 6838 7197 6469
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London 34.70% 31.89% 30.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 5104 5408 4685
Median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.55% +5.88%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £345 £325 £310
10% offered a daily rate of more than £613 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +3.44% +3.57%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 48 28 27
Median hourly rate £47.50 £50.00 £27.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +82.68%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.01 £21.37 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £100.00 £55.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £38.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +7.89% +5.55%  

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in London citing CSS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 3 months to 30 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 3 months to 30 March 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 3 months to 30 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +3 235 £450 +9.09% 159
Croydon -5 8 £225 -45.45% 3
Canary Wharf +3 7 £375 -6.25%
Twickenham -1 6 £350 +133.33% 4
Docklands, London -2 5 £600 +45.45%
Kingston Upon Thames -2 4 £213 -55.26% 4
Uxbridge - 4 £394 - 1
Wimbledon - 4 £275 - 1
Hammersmith -2 3 £225 -30.76% 1
Bromley 0 2 £306 -5.76% 1
Hayes - 2 - -
Barnet - 2 £400 -
Brentford - 2 - -
Heathrow +4 1 £413 +94.11%
Ilford +1 1 £400 -11.11%
Chiswick 0 1 £250 -28.57%
West End of London -3 1 - - 22
Hounslow -3 1 - - 3
Feltham - 1 - -
Stockley Park - 1 - -
Morden - 1 £330 -
Hendon - 1 - -
Hackney - 1 £325 -
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 30 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 3283 (93.80%) HTML
2 2885 (82.43%) JavaScript
3 1595 (45.57%) HTML5
4 1544 (44.11%) Agile Software Development
5 1315 (37.57%) CSS3
6 1263 (36.09%) AngularJS
7 899 (25.69%) Front End Development
7 899 (25.69%) jQuery
8 838 (23.94%) TDD
9 775 (22.14%) Java
10 726 (20.74%) React
11 663 (18.94%) Node.js
12 614 (17.54%) Git (software)
13 604 (17.26%) Web Development
14 589 (16.83%) User Experience
15 564 (16.11%) Finance
16 549 (15.69%) Sass
17 538 (15.37%) Scrum
18 521 (14.89%) MVC
19 509 (14.54%) OO
20 482 (13.77%) .NET
21 469 (13.40%) SQL
22 462 (13.20%) Web Services
23 430 (12.29%) REST
24 425 (12.14%) BDD
25 421 (12.03%) C#
26 420 (12.00%) XML
27 389 (11.11%) PHP
28 383 (10.94%) JSON
29 351 (10.03%) RESTful

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 262 (7.49%) CMS
2 133 (3.80%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 120 (3.43%) SharePoint
4 110 (3.14%) Apache
5 107 (3.06%) Drupal
6 99 (2.83%) Confluence
7 81 (2.31%) WordPress
8 59 (1.69%) Apache Solr
9 48 (1.37%) Elasticsearch
10 47 (1.34%) SharePoint 2013
11 44 (1.26%) Tomcat
12 38 (1.09%) JBoss
13 37 (1.06%) IIS
14 36 (1.03%) WebSphere
15 23 (0.66%) SharePoint 2010
16 22 (0.63%) Umbraco
17 19 (0.54%) WebLogic
18 17 (0.49%) Mule
18 17 (0.49%) nginx
18 17 (0.49%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 149 (4.26%) Photoshop
2 82 (2.34%) MS Excel
3 57 (1.63%) Adobe Illustrator
4 54 (1.54%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 36 (1.03%) OmniGraffle
6 28 (0.80%) MS Office
7 20 (0.57%) InVision
8 19 (0.54%) MS Visio
9 10 (0.29%) Fireworks
10 7 (0.20%) InDesign
11 6 (0.17%) GIMP
12 5 (0.14%) InfoPath
12 5 (0.14%) UXPin
13 4 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
13 4 (0.11%) MS PowerPoint
14 2 (0.057%) MS Project
14 2 (0.057%) Pixate
14 2 (0.057%) SPSS
15 1 (0.029%) Camtasia
15 1 (0.029%) Flinto
Business Applications
1 49 (1.40%) Magento
2 19 (0.54%) Dynamics CRM
3 15 (0.43%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 13 (0.37%) Adobe Campaign
5 9 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
6 7 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
7 6 (0.17%) Unica
8 5 (0.14%) SAP CRM
9 4 (0.11%) FastStats
9 4 (0.11%) FastStats PeopleStage
9 4 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 4 (0.11%) SAP Business One
10 3 (0.086%) Revive Adserver
11 2 (0.057%) Oracle Applications
11 2 (0.057%) Radian6
11 2 (0.057%) SDL Web 8
11 2 (0.057%) Shopify
12 1 (0.029%) ION MarketView
12 1 (0.029%) Oracle EBS
12 1 (0.029%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 204 (5.83%) Amazon AWS
2 127 (3.63%) Microsoft Azure
3 123 (3.51%) GitHub
4 39 (1.11%) Google Analytics
5 33 (0.94%) SaaS
6 32 (0.91%) Office 365
7 23 (0.66%) Heroku
8 17 (0.49%) AWS CloudFormation
9 15 (0.43%) Google Cloud Platform
9 15 (0.43%) PaaS
10 12 (0.34%) Amazon EC2
11 11 (0.31%) Adobe Analytics
11 11 (0.31%) AWS Lambda
12 10 (0.29%) Amazon S3
12 10 (0.29%) Amazon SQS
12 10 (0.29%) IaaS
13 7 (0.20%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
13 7 (0.20%) CloudBees
13 7 (0.20%) OpenShift
14 6 (0.17%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 131 (3.74%) HTTP
2 74 (2.11%) Internet
3 36 (1.03%) Intranet
4 29 (0.83%) TCP/IP
5 26 (0.74%) SSL
6 19 (0.54%) Network Security
7 18 (0.51%) DNS
8 17 (0.49%) Extranet
9 11 (0.31%) SSH
10 10 (0.29%) SMTP
11 8 (0.23%) Firewall
11 8 (0.23%) HTTPS
11 8 (0.23%) WebEx
12 7 (0.20%) RTP
12 7 (0.20%) RTSP
13 5 (0.14%) LDAP
14 4 (0.11%) BIG-IP
14 4 (0.11%) LAN
14 4 (0.11%) SNMP
14 4 (0.11%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 293 (8.37%) SQL Server
2 276 (7.89%) MySQL
3 156 (4.46%) Relational Database
4 149 (4.26%) MongoDB
5 136 (3.89%) NoSQL
6 123 (3.51%) PostgreSQL
7 79 (2.26%) Big Data
8 42 (1.20%) Hadoop
9 41 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
10 40 (1.14%) RDBMS
11 33 (0.94%) SQL Server 2008
11 33 (0.94%) SQL Server 2012
12 32 (0.91%) HBase
13 21 (0.60%) Blockchain
13 21 (0.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 20 (0.57%) Redis
15 15 (0.43%) QlikView
15 15 (0.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 14 (0.40%) Oracle Database
17 12 (0.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 614 (17.54%) Git (software)
2 220 (6.29%) Jasmine
3 214 (6.11%) gulp
4 201 (5.74%) JIRA
5 197 (5.63%) Jenkins
6 194 (5.54%) Grunt
7 162 (4.63%) webpack
8 161 (4.60%) Selenium
9 137 (3.91%) Mocha
10 134 (3.83%) Cucumber
11 127 (3.63%) Subversion
12 124 (3.54%) Maven
13 88 (2.51%) Karma Test Runner
14 82 (2.34%) JUnit
15 80 (2.29%) Axure RP
16 71 (2.03%) Team Foundation Server
16 71 (2.03%) Visual Studio
17 68 (1.94%) TeamCity
18 50 (1.43%) Babel
18 50 (1.43%) Protractor
General
1 564 (16.11%) Finance
2 320 (9.14%) Banking
3 185 (5.29%) Marketing
4 155 (4.43%) Retail
5 109 (3.11%) Investment Banking
6 81 (2.31%) Front Office
7 71 (2.03%) Publishing
8 66 (1.89%) Telecoms
9 62 (1.77%) Games
10 59 (1.69%) Advertising
11 32 (0.91%) Legal
12 28 (0.80%) Manufacturing
13 26 (0.74%) Pharmaceutical
14 22 (0.63%) Back Office
15 19 (0.54%) Financial Institution
16 18 (0.51%) Electronics
16 18 (0.51%) Law
17 14 (0.40%) Retail Banking
18 11 (0.31%) Automotive
19 6 (0.17%) Czech Language
Job Titles
1 2815 (80.43%) Developer
2 752 (21.49%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 694 (19.83%) JavaScript Developer
4 348 (9.94%) HTML Developer
5 308 (8.80%) Angular Developer
6 307 (8.77%) Java Developer
7 300 (8.57%) Senior Developer
8 273 (7.80%) HTML CSS Developer
9 235 (6.71%) Full Stack Developer
10 231 (6.60%) UI Developer
10 231 (6.60%) Web Developer
11 209 (5.97%) Designer
12 191 (5.46%) .NET Developer
13 140 (4.00%) Node.js Developer
14 133 (3.80%) C# Developer
15 124 (3.54%) UX Designer
16 112 (3.20%) Architect
16 112 (3.20%) PHP Developer
17 97 (2.77%) Lead Developer
18 89 (2.54%) Drupal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3283 (93.80%) HTML
2 1595 (45.57%) HTML5
3 1315 (37.57%) CSS3
4 1263 (36.09%) AngularJS
5 899 (25.69%) jQuery
6 726 (20.74%) React
7 663 (18.94%) Node.js
8 549 (15.69%) Sass
9 482 (13.77%) .NET
10 462 (13.20%) Web Services
11 430 (12.29%) REST
12 420 (12.00%) XML
13 383 (10.94%) JSON
14 351 (10.03%) RESTful
15 344 (9.83%) Ajax
16 309 (8.83%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 287 (8.20%) ASP.NET
18 268 (7.66%) Spring
19 228 (6.51%) LESS
20 219 (6.26%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 589 (16.83%) User Experience
2 152 (4.34%) Mobile App
3 123 (3.51%) Analytical Skills
4 113 (3.23%) Computer Science
5 84 (2.40%) Fintech
6 61 (1.74%) W3C
7 51 (1.46%) Enterprise Software
8 44 (1.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 39 (1.11%) Data Structures
10 37 (1.06%) Virtual Team
11 29 (0.83%) iPad
12 27 (0.77%) Graphic Design
12 27 (0.77%) Social Media
13 26 (0.74%) Management Information System
14 24 (0.69%) Derivative
14 24 (0.69%) Equities
15 23 (0.66%) Digital Media
15 23 (0.66%) Fixed Income
16 21 (0.60%) Video on Demand
17 20 (0.57%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 257 (7.34%) Linux
2 119 (3.40%) Apple iOS
3 103 (2.94%) Windows
4 97 (2.77%) Unix
5 94 (2.69%) Android
6 31 (0.89%) Windows Server
7 23 (0.66%) Mac OS X
8 22 (0.63%) CentOS
8 22 (0.63%) Ubuntu
9 8 (0.23%) webOS
9 8 (0.23%) Windows Phone
9 8 (0.23%) Windows Phone 7
10 7 (0.20%) Mac OS
11 6 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 5 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
13 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.086%) Windows 8
15 2 (0.057%) FreeBSD
15 2 (0.057%) Windows Mobile
15 2 (0.057%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1544 (44.11%) Agile Software Development
2 899 (25.69%) Front End Development
3 838 (23.94%) TDD
4 604 (17.26%) Web Development
5 538 (15.37%) Scrum
6 521 (14.89%) MVC
7 509 (14.54%) OO
8 425 (12.14%) BDD
9 324 (9.26%) E-Commerce
10 293 (8.37%) Responsive Web Design
11 288 (8.23%) Continuous Integration
12 209 (5.97%) Software Engineering
13 174 (4.97%) Prototyping
14 154 (4.40%) Microservices
14 154 (4.40%) Unit Testing
14 154 (4.40%) Wireframes
15 146 (4.17%) Open Source
16 138 (3.94%) DevOps
17 137 (3.91%) Kanban
18 136 (3.89%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 2885 (82.43%) JavaScript
2 775 (22.14%) Java
3 469 (13.40%) SQL
4 421 (12.03%) C#
5 389 (11.11%) PHP
6 235 (6.71%) Python
7 224 (6.40%) ES6
8 174 (4.97%) Ruby
9 108 (3.09%) Scala
10 85 (2.43%) TypeScript
11 80 (2.29%) PowerShell
12 48 (1.37%) Groovy
12 48 (1.37%) T-SQL
13 40 (1.14%) Perl
14 39 (1.11%) XPath
15 36 (1.03%) Apex Code
16 31 (0.89%) PL/SQL
16 31 (0.89%) Shell Script
17 28 (0.80%) Apple Swift
18 27 (0.77%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 188 (5.37%) Degree
2 130 (3.71%) Security Cleared
3 90 (2.57%) SC Cleared
4 19 (0.54%) DV Cleared
5 18 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (0.23%) BC Cleared
7 7 (0.20%) OCPJP
8 6 (0.17%) MBA
8 6 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
9 5 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
10 4 (0.11%) CCNP
10 4 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
10 4 (0.11%) ISEB
10 4 (0.11%) ISTQB
10 4 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (0.086%) CCIE
11 3 (0.086%) ITIL Certification
11 3 (0.086%) MCP
11 3 (0.086%) PMI Certification
11 3 (0.086%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 144 (4.11%) QA
2 29 (0.83%) WCAG
3 14 (0.40%) FATCA
4 13 (0.37%) WAI
5 7 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
5 7 (0.20%) MiFID
6 6 (0.17%) Actionable Recommendations
7 4 (0.11%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.086%) Dodd-Frank
8 3 (0.086%) EMIR
8 3 (0.086%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 2 (0.057%) FedRAMP
9 2 (0.057%) PMO
10 1 (0.029%) Data Quality
10 1 (0.029%) SDET
10 1 (0.029%) SLA
System Software
1 113 (3.23%) Docker
2 21 (0.60%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (0.14%) Shibboleth
5 4 (0.11%) Apache Flume
5 4 (0.11%) Varnish
6 1 (0.029%) HDFS
6 1 (0.029%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 45 (1.29%) Puppet
2 34 (0.97%) Opscode Chef
3 23 (0.66%) Kubernetes
4 22 (0.63%) Ansible
5 10 (0.29%) Terraform
6 9 (0.26%) Kibana
7 7 (0.20%) Piwik
8 6 (0.17%) Capistrano
9 4 (0.11%) MOM
10 3 (0.086%) logstash
10 3 (0.086%) Nagios
11 2 (0.057%) Pingdom
12 1 (0.029%) Consul
12 1 (0.029%) Control-M
12 1 (0.029%) cPanel
12 1 (0.029%) Mesos
12 1 (0.029%) Packer
12 1 (0.029%) Salt
12 1 (0.029%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 1 (0.029%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 245 (7.00%) Adobe
2 176 (5.03%) Microsoft
3 147 (4.20%) Oracle
4 94 (2.69%) ServiceNow
5 91 (2.60%) Google
6 61 (1.74%) Salesforce.com
7 43 (1.23%) SAP
8 42 (1.20%) hybris
9 37 (1.06%) Zend
10 29 (0.83%) Sitecore
11 24 (0.69%) Atlassian
12 23 (0.66%) Solace
13 22 (0.63%) Red Hat
14 19 (0.54%) Twitter
15 18 (0.51%) IBM
16 17 (0.49%) Tableau
17 16 (0.46%) Facebook
18 15 (0.43%) New Relic
19 14 (0.40%) Hortonworks
20 13 (0.37%) Apigee
Uxbridge, Middlesex
PCR
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £300 - £375 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Central London / West End
Nakama
Rate: From £400 to £470 per day Paid weekly
Posted: 20 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £350 - £500 per annum
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £425 - £450 per annum
Posted: 20 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £100 - £150 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
City, London
Coded People
Rate: £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
South West London
Venturi
Rate: £275.00 - £325 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400.00 - £401 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Croydon, Surrey
Talent International
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Central London / West End
Digital Gurus
Rate: £450 - £500 Per Day
Posted: 21 hours ago
London
onezeero.
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
Novate IT Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 23 hours ago
London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Novate IT Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 23 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Involved Solutions Ltd
Rate: £350 - £375 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Premier IT
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Client Server
Rate: £475 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Square One Resources
Rate: Up to £400 per day 3 Months Contract
Posted: 6 days ago