Period
to 20 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 17 11 13
Rank change year-on-year -6 +2 +2
Contract jobs citing CSS 3857 4448 4113
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 8.27% 9.98% 8.77%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 22.25% 29.05% 27.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 3036 3375 3229
London median daily rate £475 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +6.25% +0.44%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £265
90th Percentile £613 £588 £550
England median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 20 27
London median hourly rate £27.00 £43.80 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -38.35% +86.37% -32.86%
10th Percentile £20.50 £20.72 £18.10
90th Percentile £29.00 £59.27 £48.15
England median hourly rate £41.25 £36.00 £31.76
% change year-on-year +14.58% +13.35% -7.94%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17334 15311 15129
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 37.14% 34.35% 32.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 13241 11465 11260
London median daily rate £500 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.11% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £319 £308
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 103 71 95
London median hourly rate £30.75 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.13% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £19.09 £19.23 £14.25
90th Percentile £49.75 £57.50 £58.75
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +10.29%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -5 733 £475 +8.57% 137
West London +3 199 £450 +16.13% 52
South London -20 94 £463 +23.33% 15
East London +1 43 £450 +16.13% 19
North London -9 13 £363 - 12
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 3557 (92.22%) HTML
2 3118 (80.84%) JavaScript
3 1820 (47.19%) Agile Software Development
4 1817 (47.11%) HTML5
5 1445 (37.46%) AngularJS
6 1399 (36.27%) CSS3
7 1097 (28.44%) Front End Development
8 1095 (28.39%) TDD
9 1076 (27.90%) React
10 952 (24.68%) Node.js
11 901 (23.36%) jQuery
12 894 (23.18%) Git (software)
13 813 (21.08%) Java
14 719 (18.64%) User Experience
15 718 (18.62%) Sass
16 658 (17.06%) Finance
17 580 (15.04%) .NET
18 570 (14.78%) Web Development
19 557 (14.44%) MVC
20 540 (14.00%) Scrum
21 521 (13.51%) Web Services
22 517 (13.40%) C#
23 496 (12.86%) OO
24 486 (12.60%) SQL
25 466 (12.08%) BDD
26 438 (11.36%) ES6
27 434 (11.25%) REST
28 424 (10.99%) RESTful
29 393 (10.19%) Twitter Bootstrap
30 375 (9.72%) Responsive Web Design

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 252 (6.53%) CMS
2 111 (2.88%) Confluence
3 106 (2.75%) Drupal
4 102 (2.64%) WordPress
5 91 (2.36%) Apache
6 87 (2.26%) Elasticsearch
7 86 (2.23%) SharePoint
8 76 (1.97%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 46 (1.19%) Apache Solr
10 44 (1.14%) JBoss
11 39 (1.01%) Tomcat
11 39 (1.01%) Umbraco
12 36 (0.93%) nginx
13 33 (0.86%) IIS
14 29 (0.75%) WebSphere
15 26 (0.67%) SharePoint 2013
16 24 (0.62%) EPiServer
17 19 (0.49%) Sitecore CMS
18 16 (0.41%) Cloud Foundry
18 16 (0.41%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 168 (4.36%) Photoshop
2 88 (2.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 68 (1.76%) Adobe Illustrator
4 45 (1.17%) InVision
5 35 (0.91%) Microsoft Excel
5 35 (0.91%) OmniGraffle
6 24 (0.62%) MS Visio
7 18 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
8 10 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
9 9 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 8 (0.21%) GIMP
10 8 (0.21%) InfoPath
11 7 (0.18%) InDesign
12 6 (0.16%) UXPin
13 5 (0.13%) Adobe After Effects
14 4 (0.10%) Adobe Premiere
15 3 (0.078%) Fireworks
16 2 (0.052%) Acrobat
16 2 (0.052%) ImageReady
16 2 (0.052%) Pixate
Business Applications
1 59 (1.53%) Magento
2 30 (0.78%) Dynamics CRM
3 13 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
4 12 (0.31%) Adobe Campaign
5 10 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
6 7 (0.18%) Shopify
7 5 (0.13%) Eloqua
8 4 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.10%) RMDS
8 4 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 3 (0.078%) Unica
10 2 (0.052%) Endur
10 2 (0.052%) SDL Web 8
10 2 (0.052%) Social Studio
10 2 (0.052%) WebTrends
11 1 (0.026%) Dynamics NAV
11 1 (0.026%) Maximo
11 1 (0.026%) Sage CRM
11 1 (0.026%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 299 (7.75%) Amazon AWS
2 175 (4.54%) Microsoft Azure
3 151 (3.91%) npm
4 101 (2.62%) GitHub
5 65 (1.69%) SaaS
6 44 (1.14%) Serverless
7 39 (1.01%) Office 365
8 29 (0.75%) PaaS
9 26 (0.67%) Google Analytics
10 25 (0.65%) Heroku
11 21 (0.54%) Amazon EC2
11 21 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
12 20 (0.52%) Google Cloud Platform
12 20 (0.52%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 19 (0.49%) IaaS
14 17 (0.44%) Amazon S3
15 16 (0.41%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
16 14 (0.36%) AWS Lambda
17 13 (0.34%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 13 (0.34%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 74 (1.92%) Internet
2 55 (1.43%) HTTP
3 31 (0.80%) SMS
4 25 (0.65%) Intranet
5 13 (0.34%) FTP
6 10 (0.26%) DNS
6 10 (0.26%) TCP/IP
7 6 (0.16%) Skype
7 6 (0.16%) SSL
8 5 (0.13%) Ethernet
8 5 (0.13%) HTTPS
9 4 (0.10%) Network Security
9 4 (0.10%) SSH
10 3 (0.078%) ATM
10 3 (0.078%) Firewall
10 3 (0.078%) LDAP
10 3 (0.078%) WebEx
11 2 (0.052%) NFC
11 2 (0.052%) SMTP
11 2 (0.052%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 320 (8.30%) SQL Server
2 252 (6.53%) MySQL
3 176 (4.56%) MongoDB
4 143 (3.71%) Relational Database
5 117 (3.03%) NoSQL
6 112 (2.90%) PostgreSQL
7 74 (1.92%) Big Data
8 54 (1.40%) SQL Server 2012
9 40 (1.04%) Hadoop
10 37 (0.96%) SQL Server 2008
11 31 (0.80%) RDBMS
12 26 (0.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 25 (0.65%) Apache Cassandra
14 23 (0.60%) HBase
14 23 (0.60%) Redis
15 22 (0.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 20 (0.52%) SQL Server 2005
17 18 (0.47%) SQL Server 2014
17 18 (0.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 17 (0.44%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 894 (23.18%) Git (software)
2 307 (7.96%) gulp
3 279 (7.23%) Grunt
4 260 (6.74%) Jenkins
5 252 (6.53%) Jasmine
6 248 (6.43%) JIRA
7 247 (6.40%) webpack
8 154 (3.99%) Subversion
9 152 (3.94%) Selenium
10 132 (3.42%) Mocha
11 129 (3.34%) Karma Test Runner
12 108 (2.80%) Maven
13 102 (2.64%) Cucumber
14 93 (2.41%) Axure RP
15 91 (2.36%) Babel
16 87 (2.26%) Visual Studio
17 80 (2.07%) TeamCity
18 72 (1.87%) JUnit
19 67 (1.74%) NUnit
20 63 (1.63%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 658 (17.06%) Finance
2 352 (9.13%) Banking
3 220 (5.70%) Marketing
4 147 (3.81%) Retail
5 126 (3.27%) Front Office
6 100 (2.59%) Investment Banking
7 82 (2.13%) Telecoms
8 75 (1.94%) Games
9 53 (1.37%) Advertising
10 52 (1.35%) Publishing
11 32 (0.83%) Law
12 24 (0.62%) Financial Institution
12 24 (0.62%) Retail Banking
13 21 (0.54%) Electronics
13 21 (0.54%) Manufacturing
14 13 (0.34%) Automotive
15 10 (0.26%) Japanese Language
16 9 (0.23%) Back Office
17 7 (0.18%) Billing
17 7 (0.18%) Legal
Job Titles
1 3135 (81.28%) Developer
2 830 (21.52%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 753 (19.52%) JavaScript Developer
4 416 (10.79%) Angular Developer
5 380 (9.85%) HTML Developer
6 352 (9.13%) Java Developer
7 314 (8.14%) Senior Developer
8 306 (7.93%) Full Stack Developer
9 287 (7.44%) UI Developer
10 271 (7.03%) HTML CSS Developer
11 261 (6.77%) Designer
12 214 (5.55%) .NET Developer
13 193 (5.00%) C# Developer
14 180 (4.67%) Node.js Developer
15 156 (4.04%) UX Designer
16 150 (3.89%) Web Developer
17 109 (2.83%) Agile Developer
18 103 (2.67%) C# .NET Developer
19 96 (2.49%) PHP Developer
20 92 (2.39%) UI Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3557 (92.22%) HTML
2 1817 (47.11%) HTML5
3 1445 (37.46%) AngularJS
4 1399 (36.27%) CSS3
5 1076 (27.90%) React
6 952 (24.68%) Node.js
7 901 (23.36%) jQuery
8 718 (18.62%) Sass
9 580 (15.04%) .NET
10 521 (13.51%) Web Services
11 434 (11.25%) REST
12 424 (10.99%) RESTful
13 393 (10.19%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 347 (9.00%) JSON
14 347 (9.00%) Redux
15 339 (8.79%) LESS
16 303 (7.86%) Ajax
16 303 (7.86%) XML
17 299 (7.75%) ASP.NET
18 231 (5.99%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 719 (18.64%) User Experience
2 239 (6.20%) Greenfield Project
3 191 (4.95%) Mobile App
4 179 (4.64%) Analytical Skills
5 140 (3.63%) Fintech
6 95 (2.46%) Computer Science
7 51 (1.32%) Virtual Team
8 50 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
9 49 (1.27%) Data Structures
10 48 (1.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 46 (1.19%) Derivative
11 46 (1.19%) W3C
12 36 (0.93%) Social Media
12 36 (0.93%) Video on Demand
13 31 (0.80%) Fixed Income
14 29 (0.75%) Equity Derivative
15 27 (0.70%) Video\Live Streaming
16 23 (0.60%) Equities
17 22 (0.57%) Linux Command Line
18 20 (0.52%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 279 (7.23%) Linux
2 101 (2.62%) Unix
2 101 (2.62%) Windows
3 88 (2.28%) Apple iOS
4 82 (2.13%) Android
5 32 (0.83%) Mac OS
6 18 (0.47%) Windows Server
7 9 (0.23%) Mac OS X
7 9 (0.23%) Windows 10
8 5 (0.13%) CentOS
9 3 (0.078%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.078%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.078%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.052%) Fedora
10 2 (0.052%) Oracle Linux
11 1 (0.026%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.026%) Solaris
11 1 (0.026%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.026%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1820 (47.19%) Agile Software Development
2 1097 (28.44%) Front End Development
3 1095 (28.39%) TDD
4 570 (14.78%) Web Development
5 557 (14.44%) MVC
6 540 (14.00%) Scrum
7 496 (12.86%) OO
8 466 (12.08%) BDD
9 375 (9.72%) Responsive Web Design
10 368 (9.54%) Continuous Integration
11 351 (9.10%) Test Automation
12 302 (7.83%) E-Commerce
13 224 (5.81%) Pair Programming
14 210 (5.44%) DevOps
15 202 (5.24%) Software Engineering
16 186 (4.82%) SDLC
17 183 (4.74%) Unit Testing
18 180 (4.67%) Wireframes
19 172 (4.46%) Prototyping
20 171 (4.43%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 3118 (80.84%) JavaScript
2 813 (21.08%) Java
3 517 (13.40%) C#
4 486 (12.60%) SQL
5 438 (11.36%) ES6
6 335 (8.69%) PHP
7 258 (6.69%) Python
8 256 (6.64%) TypeScript
9 151 (3.91%) Scala
10 115 (2.98%) Ruby
11 98 (2.54%) T-SQL
12 56 (1.45%) Groovy
13 53 (1.37%) C++
14 44 (1.14%) PL/SQL
15 38 (0.99%) ECMAScript
15 38 (0.99%) PowerShell
16 33 (0.86%) Go
17 32 (0.83%) Apex Code
17 32 (0.83%) Objective-C
18 28 (0.73%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 179 (4.64%) Degree
2 124 (3.21%) Security Cleared
3 87 (2.26%) SC Cleared
4 46 (1.19%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (0.18%) DBS Check
7 6 (0.16%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.10%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.078%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.052%) APMP
10 2 (0.052%) CISA
10 2 (0.052%) CISM
10 2 (0.052%) CISSP
10 2 (0.052%) CTC Cleared
10 2 (0.052%) IBM Certification
10 2 (0.052%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.052%) Numerate Degree
11 1 (0.026%) ISEB
11 1 (0.026%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.026%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 144 (3.73%) QA
2 36 (0.93%) WCAG
3 23 (0.60%) WAI
4 8 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
4 8 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.10%) GDPR
6 2 (0.052%) FedRAMP
6 2 (0.052%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.052%) SLA
7 1 (0.026%) COBIT
7 1 (0.026%) HL7
7 1 (0.026%) PMO
System Software
1 243 (6.30%) Docker
2 11 (0.29%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.13%) Varnish
4 2 (0.052%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.052%) HDFS
4 2 (0.052%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.052%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.026%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.026%) UAG
5 1 (0.026%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 58 (1.50%) Kubernetes
2 43 (1.11%) Ansible
3 36 (0.93%) Opscode Chef
4 28 (0.73%) Puppet
5 25 (0.65%) Terraform
6 15 (0.39%) Sysdig
7 9 (0.23%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 6 (0.16%) Kibana
9 5 (0.13%) ITRS Geneos
9 5 (0.13%) Nagios
10 4 (0.10%) HP Quality Center
11 3 (0.078%) cPanel
11 3 (0.078%) Piwik
11 3 (0.078%) ZABBIX
12 2 (0.052%) Docker Swarm
12 2 (0.052%) logstash
12 2 (0.052%) Pingdom
13 1 (0.026%) HockeyApp
13 1 (0.026%) Salt
13 1 (0.026%) SCCM
Vendors
1 250 (6.48%) Adobe
2 199 (5.16%) Microsoft
3 150 (3.89%) Oracle
4 78 (2.02%) ServiceNow
5 73 (1.89%) Google
6 68 (1.76%) Salesforce.com
7 40 (1.04%) SAP
8 39 (1.01%) Sitecore
9 38 (0.99%) hybris
10 26 (0.67%) IBM
11 25 (0.65%) Atlassian
11 25 (0.65%) New Relic
11 25 (0.65%) PayPal
12 18 (0.47%) Demandware
12 18 (0.47%) Zend
13 14 (0.36%) ATG
13 14 (0.36%) Splunk
14 13 (0.34%) Sybase
15 12 (0.31%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
16 11 (0.29%) CA Agile Central