Period
to 20 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
20 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 19 14 14
Rank change year-on-year -5 0 +6
Contract jobs citing CSS 3,594 3,428 3,899
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 8.00% 8.61% 8.92%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 21.62% 24.12% 27.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,783 2,604 3,058
London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +8.97%
10th Percentile £325 £310 £300
90th Percentile £600 £588 £575
England median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +6.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 12 18
London median hourly rate £45.00 £21.25 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +111.76% -50.58% +93.87%
10th Percentile £25.00 £14.43 £19.79
90th Percentile £62.50 £114.85 £195.00
England median hourly rate £45.00 £36.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +25.00% +2.86% +18.64%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16,626 14,212 14,152
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 37.01% 35.71% 32.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,680 10,570 10,715
London median daily rate £501 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.37% +2.70% +5.71%
10th Percentile £363 £331 £313
90th Percentile £663 £638 £638
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 118 100 54
London median hourly rate £44.21 £43.13 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.51% +16.55% +23.33%
10th Percentile £19.73 £19.42 £18.46
90th Percentile £74.00 £54.69 £59.25
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.26 £38.00
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.95% +8.57%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 20 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in London

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 20 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 20 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -4 821 £475 +2.70% 277
West London -2 170 £450 +12.50% 190
South London -5 121 £416 +11.00% 23
East London -3 62 £438 +3.55% 89
North London -6 12 £400 +26.98% 12
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 20 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 3,296 (91.71%) HTML
2 2,922 (81.30%) JavaScript
3 1,705 (47.44%) Agile Software Development
4 1,575 (43.82%) HTML5
5 1,387 (38.59%) AngularJS
6 1,199 (33.36%) CSS3
7 1,099 (30.58%) React
8 1,066 (29.66%) Front End Development
9 892 (24.82%) TDD
10 871 (24.23%) Node.js
11 855 (23.79%) Git (software)
12 709 (19.73%) jQuery
13 704 (19.59%) Sass
14 694 (19.31%) User Experience
15 604 (16.81%) .NET
16 587 (16.33%) Web Development
17 586 (16.30%) Finance
18 582 (16.19%) Java
19 569 (15.83%) ES6
20 557 (15.50%) MVC
21 541 (15.05%) C#
22 534 (14.86%) Redux
23 449 (12.49%) Scrum
24 439 (12.21%) SQL
25 404 (11.24%) BDD
26 399 (11.10%) REST
27 391 (10.88%) webpack
28 380 (10.57%) RESTful
29 363 (10.10%) OO
30 361 (10.04%) Web Services

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 223 (6.20%) CMS
2 87 (2.42%) WordPress
3 72 (2.00%) SharePoint
4 68 (1.89%) Confluence
5 67 (1.86%) Elasticsearch
6 62 (1.73%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 50 (1.39%) Drupal
8 49 (1.36%) Apache
9 47 (1.31%) Umbraco
10 41 (1.14%) Sitecore CMS
11 40 (1.11%) Tomcat
12 38 (1.06%) IIS
13 26 (0.72%) WebSphere
14 23 (0.64%) EPiServer
15 21 (0.58%) JBoss
16 20 (0.56%) nginx
17 17 (0.47%) Apache Spark
18 16 (0.45%) SharePoint 2013
19 14 (0.39%) OpenStack
20 13 (0.36%) WebLogic
Applications
1 133 (3.70%) Photoshop
2 79 (2.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 59 (1.64%) InVision
4 46 (1.28%) Adobe Illustrator
5 26 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
6 23 (0.64%) OmniGraffle
7 14 (0.39%) InfoPath
7 14 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
8 12 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
9 11 (0.31%) InDesign
10 10 (0.28%) MS Visio
11 8 (0.22%) Adobe After Effects
12 7 (0.19%) UXPin
13 6 (0.17%) Flinto
13 6 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 5 (0.14%) Adobe Premiere
15 2 (0.056%) Acrobat
15 2 (0.056%) GIMP
15 2 (0.056%) HipChat
15 2 (0.056%) Stata
Business Applications
1 45 (1.25%) Magento
2 18 (0.50%) ION MarketView
3 16 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
4 12 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
5 6 (0.17%) SDL Web 8
6 5 (0.14%) Eloqua
7 4 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
7 4 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
7 4 (0.11%) Endur
7 4 (0.11%) R3 Corda
7 4 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 3 (0.083%) Infor M3
9 2 (0.056%) Dynamics NAV
9 2 (0.056%) Movex
9 2 (0.056%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 2 (0.056%) SAP Hybris
9 2 (0.056%) SAP PM
10 1 (0.028%) Dynamics AX
10 1 (0.028%) NetSuite
10 1 (0.028%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 350 (9.74%) Amazon AWS
2 256 (7.12%) Microsoft Azure
3 166 (4.62%) npm
4 135 (3.76%) GitHub
5 63 (1.75%) Heroku
6 61 (1.70%) Serverless
7 58 (1.61%) SaaS
8 39 (1.09%) Google Analytics
9 32 (0.89%) PaaS
10 30 (0.83%) Adobe Creative Cloud
10 30 (0.83%) Google Cloud Platform
11 27 (0.75%) Office 365
12 26 (0.72%) Amazon S3
13 24 (0.67%) IaaS
14 21 (0.58%) Amazon SQS
15 18 (0.50%) Amazon EC2
16 16 (0.45%) AWS Lambda
17 13 (0.36%) BrowserStack
17 13 (0.36%) Cloud Computing
18 12 (0.33%) Adobe Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 183 (5.09%) HTTP
2 46 (1.28%) Internet
3 36 (1.00%) DNS
4 35 (0.97%) FTP
5 28 (0.78%) SSL
6 26 (0.72%) TCP/IP
7 25 (0.70%) Intranet
8 19 (0.53%) SMS
9 11 (0.31%) HTTPS
10 8 (0.22%) RTMP
11 7 (0.19%) Broadband
12 5 (0.14%) 3G
12 5 (0.14%) 4G
12 5 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
13 4 (0.11%) Firewall
13 4 (0.11%) Skype
14 3 (0.083%) DSL
14 3 (0.083%) Kerberos
14 3 (0.083%) LAN
14 3 (0.083%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 332 (9.24%) SQL Server
2 285 (7.93%) MySQL
3 174 (4.84%) Relational Database
4 162 (4.51%) PostgreSQL
5 161 (4.48%) MongoDB
6 103 (2.87%) NoSQL
7 63 (1.75%) SQL Server 2012
8 56 (1.56%) Redis
9 51 (1.42%) Big Data
10 36 (1.00%) Blockchain
11 27 (0.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 26 (0.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 25 (0.70%) SQL Server 2014
14 24 (0.67%) RDBMS
15 22 (0.61%) Hadoop
16 21 (0.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 20 (0.56%) Apache Cassandra
17 20 (0.56%) SQL Server 2008
18 17 (0.47%) Power BI
19 16 (0.45%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 855 (23.79%) Git (software)
2 391 (10.88%) webpack
3 295 (8.21%) gulp
4 245 (6.82%) Jenkins
5 242 (6.73%) Jasmine
6 217 (6.04%) Grunt
7 180 (5.01%) JIRA
8 161 (4.48%) Selenium
9 141 (3.92%) Mocha
10 130 (3.62%) Karma Test Runner
11 125 (3.48%) Babel
12 113 (3.14%) Subversion
12 113 (3.14%) Visual Studio
13 83 (2.31%) Cucumber
14 69 (1.92%) Maven
15 68 (1.89%) TeamCity
16 67 (1.86%) JUnit
17 64 (1.78%) Team Foundation Server
18 62 (1.73%) Protractor
19 59 (1.64%) Axure RP
General
1 586 (16.30%) Finance
2 311 (8.65%) Banking
3 223 (6.20%) Retail
4 151 (4.20%) Marketing
5 98 (2.73%) Front Office
6 79 (2.20%) Investment Banking
7 54 (1.50%) Telecoms
8 49 (1.36%) Law
9 47 (1.31%) Games
10 46 (1.28%) Advertising
11 29 (0.81%) Legal
12 23 (0.64%) Publishing
13 19 (0.53%) Financial Institution
14 16 (0.45%) Back Office
15 11 (0.31%) Multimedia
16 10 (0.28%) Japanese Language
17 9 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
18 7 (0.19%) Music Industry
19 6 (0.17%) Electronics
20 5 (0.14%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 2,953 (82.16%) Developer
2 844 (23.48%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 640 (17.81%) JavaScript Developer
4 549 (15.28%) React Developer
5 386 (10.74%) Angular Developer
6 347 (9.65%) Full Stack Developer
7 315 (8.76%) Senior Developer
8 299 (8.32%) .NET Developer
9 289 (8.04%) HTML Developer
10 233 (6.48%) UI Developer
11 211 (5.87%) Web Developer
12 208 (5.79%) C# Developer
13 206 (5.73%) HTML CSS Developer
13 206 (5.73%) Java Developer
14 203 (5.65%) Designer
15 167 (4.65%) Node.js Developer
16 124 (3.45%) C# .NET Developer
16 124 (3.45%) PHP Developer
17 109 (3.03%) UX Designer
18 97 (2.70%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,296 (91.71%) HTML
2 1,575 (43.82%) HTML5
3 1,387 (38.59%) AngularJS
4 1,199 (33.36%) CSS3
5 1,099 (30.58%) React
6 871 (24.23%) Node.js
7 709 (19.73%) jQuery
8 704 (19.59%) Sass
9 604 (16.81%) .NET
10 534 (14.86%) Redux
11 399 (11.10%) REST
12 380 (10.57%) RESTful
13 361 (10.04%) Web Services
14 335 (9.32%) ASP.NET
15 323 (8.99%) LESS
16 322 (8.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 263 (7.32%) XML
18 260 (7.23%) JSON
19 242 (6.73%) Angular 2
20 231 (6.43%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 694 (19.31%) User Experience
2 299 (8.32%) Greenfield Project
3 254 (7.07%) Mobile App
4 192 (5.34%) Fintech
5 169 (4.70%) Analytical Skills
6 120 (3.34%) Computer Science
7 80 (2.23%) Data Structures
8 75 (2.09%) Algorithms
9 53 (1.47%) Fixed Income
10 46 (1.28%) Enterprise Software
11 45 (1.25%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 38 (1.06%) W3C
13 36 (1.00%) Self-Motivation
14 35 (0.97%) Derivative
15 31 (0.86%) Online Banking
16 26 (0.72%) Social Media
17 24 (0.67%) Equity Derivative
18 22 (0.61%) Virtual Team
19 19 (0.53%) Client/Server
20 17 (0.47%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 254 (7.07%) Linux
2 130 (3.62%) Android
3 127 (3.53%) Apple iOS
4 82 (2.28%) Windows
5 64 (1.78%) Unix
6 39 (1.09%) Mac OS X
7 23 (0.64%) Windows Server
8 14 (0.39%) Mac OS
9 5 (0.14%) VMS
10 4 (0.11%) CentOS
10 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
10 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.083%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.083%) Windows 7
11 3 (0.083%) Windows 8
12 2 (0.056%) Debian
12 2 (0.056%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 2 (0.056%) Windows 2000
12 2 (0.056%) Windows Vista
13 1 (0.028%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,705 (47.44%) Agile Software Development
2 1,066 (29.66%) Front End Development
3 892 (24.82%) TDD
4 587 (16.33%) Web Development
5 557 (15.50%) MVC
6 449 (12.49%) Scrum
7 404 (11.24%) BDD
8 363 (10.10%) OO
9 346 (9.63%) Continuous Integration
10 329 (9.15%) E-Commerce
11 325 (9.04%) Test Automation
12 317 (8.82%) Responsive Web Design
13 315 (8.76%) DevOps
14 307 (8.54%) Microservices
15 276 (7.68%) Unit Testing
16 260 (7.23%) Problem-Solving
17 231 (6.43%) Open Source
18 205 (5.70%) Software Engineering
19 196 (5.45%) SDLC
20 178 (4.95%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 2,922 (81.30%) JavaScript
2 582 (16.19%) Java
3 569 (15.83%) ES6
4 541 (15.05%) C#
5 439 (12.21%) SQL
6 356 (9.91%) TypeScript
7 259 (7.21%) PHP
8 205 (5.70%) Python
9 127 (3.53%) Ruby
10 110 (3.06%) Java 8
11 92 (2.56%) ES7
12 81 (2.25%) T-SQL
13 79 (2.20%) Scala
14 51 (1.42%) PowerShell
15 30 (0.83%) C++
16 29 (0.81%) JSX
17 28 (0.78%) Go
18 25 (0.70%) Kotlin
19 24 (0.67%) ES8
19 24 (0.67%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 163 (4.54%) Degree
2 108 (3.01%) Security Cleared
3 91 (2.53%) SC Cleared
4 67 (1.86%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
6 6 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
6 6 (0.17%) CTC Cleared
6 6 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
7 4 (0.11%) AWS Certification
8 3 (0.083%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.083%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.083%) PMI Certification
9 2 (0.056%) OCPJP
10 1 (0.028%) CCA
10 1 (0.028%) CCIE
10 1 (0.028%) CCNP
10 1 (0.028%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.028%) MCSD
10 1 (0.028%) PhD
10 1 (0.028%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 133 (3.70%) QA
2 25 (0.70%) WCAG
3 16 (0.45%) GDPR
4 14 (0.39%) Data Quality
5 12 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
6 9 (0.25%) SLA
7 6 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.17%) MiFID
8 5 (0.14%) WAI
9 4 (0.11%) GCP
9 4 (0.11%) PMO
10 3 (0.083%) PMBOK
11 2 (0.056%) Actionable Recommendations
11 2 (0.056%) PCI DSS
12 1 (0.028%) Section 508
System Software
1 290 (8.07%) Docker
2 13 (0.36%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.14%) HDFS
4 4 (0.11%) etcd
4 4 (0.11%) flannel
5 3 (0.083%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.083%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.056%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.028%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 69 (1.92%) Ansible
2 58 (1.61%) Kubernetes
3 51 (1.42%) Puppet
4 47 (1.31%) Opscode Chef
5 29 (0.81%) Terraform
6 22 (0.61%) Docker Swarm
7 13 (0.36%) Mesos
8 8 (0.22%) Marathon
9 5 (0.14%) TeamSite
10 4 (0.11%) Kibana
10 4 (0.11%) rkt
10 4 (0.11%) Single Sign-On
11 3 (0.083%) CA Single Sign-On
11 3 (0.083%) CASB
11 3 (0.083%) logstash
11 3 (0.083%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 2 (0.056%) Capistrano
12 2 (0.056%) Matomo
12 2 (0.056%) Nagios
12 2 (0.056%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 257 (7.15%) Adobe
2 190 (5.29%) Microsoft
3 117 (3.26%) Oracle
4 105 (2.92%) Google
5 83 (2.31%) Salesforce.com
6 63 (1.75%) ServiceNow
7 56 (1.56%) Sitecore
8 32 (0.89%) SAP
9 29 (0.81%) Twitter
10 23 (0.64%) Zend
11 22 (0.61%) Splunk
12 21 (0.58%) hybris
13 20 (0.56%) ION Trading
14 19 (0.53%) Atlassian
14 19 (0.53%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
15 17 (0.47%) IBM
16 13 (0.36%) Apple
17 10 (0.28%) Demandware
17 10 (0.28%) Siebel
17 10 (0.28%) Tableau