Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
England > London
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 153 152 118
Rank change year-on-year -1 -34 +27
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 871 883 975
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.86% 1.87% 2.20%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.11% 2.12% 2.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 567 661 709
London median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +6.74%
10th Percentile £370 £363 £350
90th Percentile £665 £619 £638
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 1
London median hourly rate £35.00 £55.00 £100.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -36.36% -45.00% +352.18%
England median hourly rate £35.00 £36.50 £36.14
% change year-on-year -4.11% +1.00% +49.15%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 41,254 41,556 38,815
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.87% 88.16% 87.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,763 30,224 27,752
London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £306
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 470 391 434
London median hourly rate £24.00 £22.50 £21.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +3.00% +9.23%
10th Percentile £13.00 £13.30 £12.04
90th Percentile £54.71 £48.75 £50.00
England median hourly rate £22.00 £24.69 £22.84
% change year-on-year -10.88% +8.10% +3.80%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in London

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in London

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in London over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in London

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in London

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in London over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Waterfall in London

Waterfall
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the London region over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -25 166 £525 +5.00% 43
West London -14 37 £500 - 26
South London -14 34 £475 -9.52% 4
East London -15 16 £400 -11.11% 7
North London -8 5 £488 -16.31% 2
Waterfall
England

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 840 (96.44%) Agile Software Development
2 288 (33.07%) Finance
3 204 (23.42%) Project Management
4 176 (20.21%) Stakeholder Management
5 151 (17.34%) Scrum
6 136 (15.61%) SDLC
7 134 (15.38%) Microsoft
8 131 (15.04%) JIRA
9 120 (13.78%) Banking
10 110 (12.63%) Degree
10 110 (12.63%) SQL
11 101 (11.60%) Java
11 101 (11.60%) Test Automation
12 99 (11.37%) Problem-Solving
13 91 (10.45%) DevOps
14 90 (10.33%) PRINCE2
15 87 (9.99%) Migration
16 78 (8.96%) Analytical Skills
17 77 (8.84%) Retail
18 72 (8.27%) Business Analysis
18 72 (8.27%) Amazon AWS
19 71 (8.15%) Microsoft Azure
20 66 (7.58%) User Acceptance Testing
21 61 (7.00%) User Stories
22 59 (6.77%) Continuous Improvement
23 56 (6.43%) Analytics
23 56 (6.43%) Confluence
23 56 (6.43%) .NET
23 56 (6.43%) E-Commerce
24 53 (6.08%) C#

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (6.43%) Confluence
2 28 (3.21%) SharePoint
3 17 (1.95%) CMS
4 15 (1.72%) Apache
4 15 (1.72%) Apache Spark
5 12 (1.38%) WebSphere
6 10 (1.15%) Elasticsearch
7 7 (0.80%) Cloud Foundry
7 7 (0.80%) Drupal
8 5 (0.57%) BizTalk Server
8 5 (0.57%) IIS
9 4 (0.46%) Mule
9 4 (0.46%) Tomcat
10 3 (0.34%) JBoss
11 2 (0.23%) Appian
11 2 (0.23%) K2 blackpearl
11 2 (0.23%) MQSeries
11 2 (0.23%) Skype for Business
11 2 (0.23%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.23%) WordPress
Applications
1 41 (4.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 34 (3.90%) Microsoft Office
2 34 (3.90%) Microsoft Project
3 33 (3.79%) MS Visio
4 25 (2.87%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.23%) SPSS
6 1 (0.11%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.11%) Open Workbench
6 1 (0.11%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 13 (1.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.69%) Oracle EBS R12
2 6 (0.69%) Oracle FAH
3 5 (0.57%) Dynamics AX
3 5 (0.57%) Endur
3 5 (0.57%) SAP S/4HANA
4 3 (0.34%) CA PPM
4 3 (0.34%) Oracle Financials
4 3 (0.34%) SAP CO
4 3 (0.34%) SAP FI
4 3 (0.34%) SAP FI/CO
4 3 (0.34%) Sentinel
5 2 (0.23%) Oracle Assets
5 2 (0.23%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.23%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.23%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.23%) PeopleSoft Financials
5 2 (0.23%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.23%) SAP HCM
5 2 (0.23%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 72 (8.27%) Amazon AWS
2 71 (8.15%) Microsoft Azure
3 31 (3.56%) IaaS
4 28 (3.21%) PaaS
5 27 (3.10%) SaaS
6 16 (1.84%) Office 365
7 13 (1.49%) Dynamics 365
8 12 (1.38%) GitHub
8 12 (1.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 11 (1.26%) Google Cloud Platform
9 11 (1.26%) OpenShift
10 10 (1.15%) Amazon EC2
10 10 (1.15%) Amazon S3
11 7 (0.80%) AWS CloudTrail
11 7 (0.80%) AWS Lambda
11 7 (0.80%) Cloud Computing
11 7 (0.80%) Route 53
11 7 (0.80%) Serverless
12 6 (0.69%) Basecamp
12 6 (0.69%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 22 (2.53%) Firewall
2 11 (1.26%) DNS
3 8 (0.92%) WAN
4 7 (0.80%) LAN
4 7 (0.80%) TCP/IP
5 6 (0.69%) Internet
6 4 (0.46%) HTTP
7 2 (0.23%) Skype
7 2 (0.23%) SMS
8 1 (0.11%) Cisco ISE
8 1 (0.11%) DOCSIS
8 1 (0.11%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
8 1 (0.11%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
8 1 (0.11%) FTP
8 1 (0.11%) SNMP
8 1 (0.11%) Unified Communications
8 1 (0.11%) VoIP
8 1 (0.11%) Wi-Fi
8 1 (0.11%) Wireless
8 1 (0.11%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (5.86%) SQL Server
2 43 (4.94%) Data Warehouse
3 34 (3.90%) Big Data
4 30 (3.44%) Hadoop
5 16 (1.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 15 (1.72%) Apache Hive
6 15 (1.72%) Relational Database
7 14 (1.61%) Data Lake
7 14 (1.61%) NoSQL
8 13 (1.49%) HBase
8 13 (1.49%) MySQL
8 13 (1.49%) Power BI
9 12 (1.38%) SQL Server 2012
9 12 (1.38%) SQL Server 2016
10 10 (1.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 10 (1.15%) Impala
10 10 (1.15%) SQL Server 2014
11 9 (1.03%) Oracle Database
12 8 (0.92%) Presto
12 8 (0.92%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 131 (15.04%) JIRA
2 50 (5.74%) Jenkins
3 39 (4.48%) Selenium
4 32 (3.67%) Team Foundation Server
5 28 (3.21%) Cucumber
5 28 (3.21%) Git (software)
6 23 (2.64%) Visual Studio Team System
7 17 (1.95%) Sonatype Nexus
8 15 (1.72%) JUnit
9 14 (1.61%) Maven
9 14 (1.61%) SoapUI
9 14 (1.61%) Subversion
10 12 (1.38%) GitLab
11 11 (1.26%) Bitbucket
11 11 (1.26%) TestRail
11 11 (1.26%) Visual Studio
12 10 (1.15%) Octopus Deploy
13 9 (1.03%) TeamCity
14 7 (0.80%) SpecFlow
14 7 (0.80%) Zephyr
General
1 288 (33.07%) Finance
2 120 (13.78%) Banking
3 77 (8.84%) Retail
4 28 (3.21%) Marketing
5 23 (2.64%) Financial Institution
6 22 (2.53%) Investment Banking
7 19 (2.18%) Front Office
8 18 (2.07%) Publishing
9 17 (1.95%) Law
10 16 (1.84%) Manufacturing
11 15 (1.72%) Legal
12 14 (1.61%) Back Office
12 14 (1.61%) Telecoms
13 12 (1.38%) Advertising
14 11 (1.26%) Retail Banking
15 8 (0.92%) Pharmaceutical
16 7 (0.80%) Electronics
17 5 (0.57%) German Language
17 5 (0.57%) Spanish Language
18 4 (0.46%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 205 (23.54%) Project Manager
2 187 (21.47%) Analyst
3 146 (16.76%) Business Analyst
4 92 (10.56%) Developer
5 72 (8.27%) Architect
6 45 (5.17%) Test Manager
7 40 (4.59%) IT Manager
8 35 (4.02%) IT Project Manager
9 34 (3.90%) Delivery Manager
10 30 (3.44%) Senior Manager
11 26 (2.99%) Agile Project Manager
11 26 (2.99%) Test Analyst
12 24 (2.76%) Senior Analyst
12 24 (2.76%) SQL Developer
13 23 (2.64%) Scrum Master
13 23 (2.64%) Software Manager
14 22 (2.53%) Senior Project Manager
15 21 (2.41%) Solutions Architect
16 20 (2.30%) Digital Analyst
16 20 (2.30%) Digital Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 56 (6.43%) .NET
2 46 (5.28%) Web Services
3 28 (3.21%) HTML
4 27 (3.10%) CSS
4 27 (3.10%) Spring
5 26 (2.99%) XML
6 23 (2.64%) J2EE
7 22 (2.53%) Entity Framework
7 22 (2.53%) jQuery
8 20 (2.30%) HTML5
8 20 (2.30%) RESTful
9 19 (2.18%) REST
10 17 (1.95%) Kafka
11 16 (1.84%) ASP.NET Web API
12 15 (1.72%) .NET Framework
12 15 (1.72%) Middleware
13 14 (1.61%) AngularJS
13 14 (1.61%) Velocity
14 13 (1.49%) ASP.NET
14 13 (1.49%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 78 (8.96%) Analytical Skills
2 39 (4.48%) User Experience
3 31 (3.56%) Mobile App
4 25 (2.87%) Management Information System
5 20 (2.30%) Greenfield Project
6 16 (1.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 15 (1.72%) Data Centre
7 15 (1.72%) Enterprise Software
8 13 (1.49%) Self-Motivation
9 12 (1.38%) Virtual Team
10 11 (1.26%) SWIFT
11 10 (1.15%) W3C
12 9 (1.03%) Equities
12 9 (1.03%) Fixed Income
12 9 (1.03%) PMI
13 8 (0.92%) Derivative
13 8 (0.92%) Enterprise Cloud
13 8 (0.92%) PKI
14 7 (0.80%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 7 (0.80%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 51 (5.86%) Windows
2 46 (5.28%) Linux
3 32 (3.67%) Unix
4 15 (1.72%) Apple iOS
5 14 (1.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (1.49%) Android
7 10 (1.15%) CentOS
7 10 (1.15%) Windows 10
8 9 (1.03%) Windows Server
9 6 (0.69%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.46%) Solaris
11 2 (0.23%) Windows 7
12 1 (0.11%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.11%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 840 (96.44%) Agile Software Development
2 204 (23.42%) Project Management
3 176 (20.21%) Stakeholder Management
4 151 (17.34%) Scrum
5 136 (15.61%) SDLC
6 101 (11.60%) Test Automation
7 99 (11.37%) Problem-Solving
8 91 (10.45%) DevOps
9 90 (10.33%) PRINCE2
10 87 (9.99%) Migration
11 72 (8.27%) Business Analysis
12 66 (7.58%) User Acceptance Testing
13 61 (7.00%) User Stories
14 59 (6.77%) Continuous Improvement
15 56 (6.43%) Analytics
15 56 (6.43%) E-Commerce
16 53 (6.08%) Continuous Integration
17 52 (5.97%) Test Management
18 51 (5.86%) Coaching
19 50 (5.74%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 110 (12.63%) SQL
2 101 (11.60%) Java
3 53 (6.08%) C#
4 39 (4.48%) Python
5 38 (4.36%) JavaScript
6 15 (1.72%) Scala
7 14 (1.61%) T-SQL
8 13 (1.49%) Perl
9 11 (1.26%) PowerShell
10 10 (1.15%) C
11 9 (1.03%) C++
12 7 (0.80%) PHP
12 7 (0.80%) Shell Script
13 5 (0.57%) Bash Shell
14 4 (0.46%) PL/SQL
15 3 (0.34%) Go
15 3 (0.34%) TypeScript
16 2 (0.23%) Apple Swift
16 2 (0.23%) Ruby
16 2 (0.23%) U-SQL
Qualifications
1 110 (12.63%) Degree
2 53 (6.08%) Security Cleared
3 47 (5.40%) ISTQB
4 43 (4.94%) SC Cleared
5 36 (4.13%) ISEB
6 18 (2.07%) PMI Certification
7 17 (1.95%) PMP
8 16 (1.84%) Computer Science Degree
9 15 (1.72%) ISEB Practitioner
9 15 (1.72%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 12 (1.38%) Master's Degree
11 11 (1.26%) CISSP
12 10 (1.15%) CISM
13 8 (0.92%) TOGAF Certification
14 7 (0.80%) ACCA
14 7 (0.80%) CIMA
15 6 (0.69%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 5 (0.57%) CTC Cleared
16 5 (0.57%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 5 (0.57%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (5.74%) QA
2 35 (4.02%) PMO
3 16 (1.84%) GDPR
4 7 (0.80%) Data Quality
5 6 (0.69%) PCI DSS
5 6 (0.69%) PSD2
5 6 (0.69%) WCAG
6 4 (0.46%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.46%) PMBOK
6 4 (0.46%) SLA
7 3 (0.34%) DO-178B
8 2 (0.23%) GxP
8 2 (0.23%) HL7
8 2 (0.23%) MiFID
8 2 (0.23%) SEPA
9 1 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
9 1 (0.11%) EMIR
9 1 (0.11%) FATCA
9 1 (0.11%) IFRS
9 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 29 (3.33%) Docker
2 26 (2.99%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.11%) IAG
4 1 (0.11%) OpenAM
4 1 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
4 1 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 36 (4.13%) Ansible
2 28 (3.21%) HP Quality Center
3 20 (2.30%) HP ALM
3 20 (2.30%) Puppet
4 15 (1.72%) Terraform
5 13 (1.49%) Kubernetes
6 10 (1.15%) logstash
7 9 (1.03%) Hadoop YARN
7 9 (1.03%) Kibana
8 7 (0.80%) Opscode Chef
9 6 (0.69%) Nagios
10 4 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
11 3 (0.34%) Consul
11 3 (0.34%) SCCM
12 2 (0.23%) ITRS Geneos
12 2 (0.23%) Salt
13 1 (0.11%) Cacti
13 1 (0.11%) Docker Swarm
13 1 (0.11%) Mesos
13 1 (0.11%) TIBCO Hawk
Vendors
1 134 (15.38%) Microsoft
2 49 (5.63%) Oracle
3 47 (5.40%) SAP
4 40 (4.59%) HP
5 21 (2.41%) Salesforce.com
5 21 (2.41%) Splunk
6 20 (2.30%) Google
7 19 (2.18%) IBM
8 18 (2.07%) Red Hat
9 13 (1.49%) Black Duck
10 12 (1.38%) AppDynamics
11 11 (1.26%) Cloudera
11 11 (1.26%) ServiceNow
12 10 (1.15%) Atlassian
12 10 (1.15%) hybris
12 10 (1.15%) Hyperion
12 10 (1.15%) Tableau
13 9 (1.03%) Adobe
13 9 (1.03%) CA
14 8 (0.92%) Micro Focus