Period
to 28 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 28 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
England > London
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 126 170 161
Rank change year-on-year +44 -9 +12
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 828 293 498
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.20% 1.63% 1.66%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.41% 1.82% 1.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 599 198 306
10th Percentile £400 £343 £363
25th Percentile £470 £413 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £513 £500
Median % change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% -
75th Percentile £650 £615 £638
90th Percentile £788 £700 £725
England median daily rate £513 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.89% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 0
10th Percentile - £57.05 -
25th Percentile £17.39 £60.13 -
Median hourly rate £18.73 £66.00 -
Median % change year-on-year -71.62% - -
75th Percentile £20.07 £72.63 -
90th Percentile - £76.15 -
England median hourly rate £56.52 £55.00 £63.00
% change year-on-year +2.76% -12.70% +57.50%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 34,404 16,111 26,549
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.47% 89.52% 88.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,081 11,694 19,338
10th Percentile £381 £325 £318
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £563 £500 £513
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% -2.44% +0.49%
75th Percentile £675 £605 £600
90th Percentile £750 £700 £688
England median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 358 143 306
10th Percentile £16.48 £16.40 £12.44
25th Percentile £21.96 £24.06 £17.00
Median hourly rate £40.00 £32.50 £23.00
Median % change year-on-year +23.08% +41.30% +2.77%
75th Percentile £53.75 £51.25 £43.56
90th Percentile £65.00 £63.95 £53.28
England median hourly rate £25.53 £26.65 £20.50
% change year-on-year -4.20% +30.00% -6.82%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Waterfall as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in London

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Waterfall in London.

Daily rate trend for Waterfall in London

Waterfall
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Waterfall in London over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Waterfall in London

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Waterfall in London.

Hourly rate trend for Waterfall in London

Waterfall
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the London region over the 6 months to 28 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +9 98 £575 +9.52% 37
East London +13 22 £625 +56.25% 7
West London -24 8 £510 +13.33% 11
South London -9 7 £513 - 3
North London +1 2 £500 +8.70%
Waterfall
England

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 798 (96.38%) Agile Software Development
2 321 (38.77%) Finance
3 254 (30.68%) Social Skills
4 230 (27.78%) Stakeholder Management
5 212 (25.60%) Project Management
6 163 (19.69%) Project Delivery
7 149 (18.00%) DevOps
8 123 (14.86%) Scrum
9 116 (14.01%) Azure
10 114 (13.77%) Microsoft
11 109 (13.16%) SDLC
12 102 (12.32%) Change Management
13 101 (12.20%) JIRA
14 98 (11.84%) Banking
15 85 (10.27%) SQL
15 85 (10.27%) Analytical Skills
16 84 (10.14%) Risk Management
16 84 (10.14%) Problem-Solving
17 83 (10.02%) Migration
18 80 (9.66%) PRINCE2
19 77 (9.30%) AWS
20 73 (8.82%) User Acceptance Testing
21 71 (8.57%) Business Analysis
22 70 (8.45%) Continuous Improvement
23 69 (8.33%) Security Cleared
24 66 (7.97%) Business Case
25 64 (7.73%) Presentation Skills
25 64 (7.73%) Microservices
26 60 (7.25%) Retail
27 59 (7.13%) SaaS

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (5.43%) Confluence
2 38 (4.59%) SharePoint
3 25 (3.02%) CMS
4 20 (2.42%) IIS
5 8 (0.97%) Appian
5 8 (0.97%) IBM Domino
6 6 (0.72%) Apache
7 5 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 3 (0.36%) Drupal
8 3 (0.36%) JBoss
8 3 (0.36%) WordPress
9 2 (0.24%) CICS
9 2 (0.24%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.24%) Documentum
9 2 (0.24%) SharePoint 2010
9 2 (0.24%) SharePoint Server
9 2 (0.24%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.24%) WebSphere
10 1 (0.12%) Apache Spark
10 1 (0.12%) Elasticsearch
Applications
1 33 (3.99%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (3.38%) Microsoft Office
2 28 (3.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 20 (2.42%) MS Visio
4 19 (2.29%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.48%) Sketch
5 4 (0.48%) Zeplin
6 2 (0.24%) Notepad++
6 2 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.12%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.12%) Oracle Smart View
Business Applications
1 9 (1.09%) Markit EDM
2 8 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.60%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 4 (0.48%) SAP S/4HANA
5 3 (0.36%) Dynamics GP
5 3 (0.36%) Oracle Cash Management
5 3 (0.36%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 2 (0.24%) Aligne
6 2 (0.24%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 2 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.24%) SAP FSCM
6 2 (0.24%) Sentinel
7 1 (0.12%) Kondor
7 1 (0.12%) Oracle CRM
7 1 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.12%) SAP BPC
7 1 (0.12%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 116 (14.01%) Azure
2 77 (9.30%) AWS
3 59 (7.13%) SaaS
4 36 (4.35%) Power Platform
5 34 (4.11%) GCP
6 31 (3.74%) PaaS
7 28 (3.38%) Microsoft 365
8 27 (3.26%) IaaS
9 21 (2.54%) GitHub
10 20 (2.42%) OpenShift
11 10 (1.21%) Azure Active Directory
12 9 (1.09%) Dynamics 365
12 9 (1.09%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 6 (0.72%) Datadog
13 6 (0.72%) iPaaS
14 5 (0.60%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
15 4 (0.48%) Amazon EKS
15 4 (0.48%) Azure Data Factory
15 4 (0.48%) Miro
15 4 (0.48%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 15 (1.81%) Firewall
2 6 (0.72%) WAN
3 5 (0.60%) Network Security
4 4 (0.48%) Internet
4 4 (0.48%) LAN
5 3 (0.36%) 5G
5 3 (0.36%) DNS
6 2 (0.24%) 4G
6 2 (0.24%) ATM
6 2 (0.24%) Intranet
6 2 (0.24%) MVNO
6 2 (0.24%) VPN
7 1 (0.12%) BIG-IP
7 1 (0.12%) Cisco IOS
7 1 (0.12%) Extranet
7 1 (0.12%) NetScaler
7 1 (0.12%) SD-WAN
7 1 (0.12%) Skype
7 1 (0.12%) Unified Communications
7 1 (0.12%) WAAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (4.23%) SQL Server
2 32 (3.86%) Power BI
3 26 (3.14%) Data Warehouse
4 10 (1.21%) Big Data
4 10 (1.21%) MySQL
4 10 (1.21%) NoSQL
5 7 (0.85%) Data Lake
5 7 (0.85%) MongoDB
5 7 (0.85%) Relational Database
5 7 (0.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 6 (0.72%) Looker
6 6 (0.72%) PostgreSQL
6 6 (0.72%) Qlik Sense
6 6 (0.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 5 (0.60%) RDBMS
7 5 (0.60%) SQL Server Analysis Services
7 5 (0.60%) Tableau
8 4 (0.48%) DB2
8 4 (0.48%) Microsoft Analysis Services
8 4 (0.48%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 101 (12.20%) JIRA
2 24 (2.90%) Sonatype Nexus
3 22 (2.66%) Bitbucket
4 20 (2.42%) Git (software)
4 20 (2.42%) Selenium
5 18 (2.17%) Jenkins
6 17 (2.05%) Artifactory
7 15 (1.81%) Cucumber
8 12 (1.45%) TeamCity
8 12 (1.45%) Zephyr
9 6 (0.72%) IBM UrbanCode
9 6 (0.72%) Octopus Deploy
9 6 (0.72%) Team Foundation Server
10 5 (0.60%) JMeter
10 5 (0.60%) SoapUI
10 5 (0.60%) Subversion
11 4 (0.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 4 (0.48%) GitLab
11 4 (0.48%) SonarQube
12 3 (0.36%) LoadRunner
General
1 321 (38.77%) Finance
2 254 (30.68%) Social Skills
3 98 (11.84%) Banking
4 85 (10.27%) Analytical Skills
5 64 (7.73%) Presentation Skills
6 60 (7.25%) Retail
7 59 (7.13%) Public Sector
8 35 (4.23%) Marketing
9 31 (3.74%) Influencing Skills
10 28 (3.38%) Legal
11 22 (2.66%) Organisational Skills
12 21 (2.54%) Investment Banking
13 19 (2.29%) Financial Institution
14 17 (2.05%) Telecoms
15 14 (1.69%) Law
16 13 (1.57%) Advertising
17 11 (1.33%) Manufacturing
18 10 (1.21%) Back Office
19 8 (0.97%) Billing
20 7 (0.85%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 188 (22.71%) Analyst
2 174 (21.01%) Project Manager
3 133 (16.06%) Business Analyst
4 93 (11.23%) Architect
5 61 (7.37%) Solutions Architect
6 44 (5.31%) IT Manager
7 37 (4.47%) Developer
8 36 (4.35%) Programme Manager
9 35 (4.23%) Test Manager
10 32 (3.86%) Delivery Manager
11 29 (3.50%) IT Project Manager
11 29 (3.50%) Senior Manager
12 24 (2.90%) Data Analyst
13 22 (2.66%) Business Manager
13 22 (2.66%) Change Manager
13 22 (2.66%) Infrastructure Manager
13 22 (2.66%) Technical Manager
14 21 (2.54%) Business Change Manager
15 18 (2.17%) Infrastructure Project Manager
16 16 (1.93%) IT Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (6.16%) .NET
2 26 (3.14%) REST
3 23 (2.78%) HTML
4 21 (2.54%) SOAP
5 17 (2.05%) Web Services
5 17 (2.05%) XML
6 16 (1.93%) CSS
7 13 (1.57%) JSON
7 13 (1.57%) React
8 10 (1.21%) Java EE
9 9 (1.09%) jQuery
9 9 (1.09%) Velocity
10 8 (0.97%) Node.js
10 8 (0.97%) Swagger
11 7 (0.85%) ASP.NET
11 7 (0.85%) RESTful
11 7 (0.85%) Spring
12 6 (0.72%) Django
12 6 (0.72%) J2EE
12 6 (0.72%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 30 (3.62%) Management Information System
2 29 (3.50%) Virtual Team
3 22 (2.66%) Legacy Systems
4 21 (2.54%) Mobile App
5 20 (2.42%) PMI
5 20 (2.42%) Public Cloud
6 17 (2.05%) Data Centre
7 16 (1.93%) Data Protection Act
7 16 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
8 13 (1.57%) Derivative
9 12 (1.45%) User Experience
10 11 (1.33%) Fixed Income
10 11 (1.33%) Renewable Energy
11 8 (0.97%) Cloud Native
11 8 (0.97%) Enterprise Software
12 6 (0.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 6 (0.72%) Hedge funds
12 6 (0.72%) Reinsurance
12 6 (0.72%) Taxonomies
13 5 (0.60%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 43 (5.19%) Windows
2 31 (3.74%) Linux
3 28 (3.38%) Unix
4 19 (2.29%) Windows Server
5 14 (1.69%) Ubuntu
6 13 (1.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (1.21%) Apple iOS
8 7 (0.85%) Android
9 6 (0.72%) Windows 10
10 4 (0.48%) Mac OS
10 4 (0.48%) Solaris
11 2 (0.24%) AIX
11 2 (0.24%) Fedora
11 2 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.24%) Windows Server 2016
11 2 (0.24%) zOS
12 1 (0.12%) CentOS
12 1 (0.12%) VMS
12 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 798 (96.38%) Agile Software Development
2 230 (27.78%) Stakeholder Management
3 212 (25.60%) Project Management
4 163 (19.69%) Project Delivery
5 149 (18.00%) DevOps
6 123 (14.86%) Scrum
7 109 (13.16%) SDLC
8 102 (12.32%) Change Management
9 84 (10.14%) Problem-Solving
9 84 (10.14%) Risk Management
10 83 (10.02%) Migration
11 80 (9.66%) PRINCE2
12 73 (8.82%) User Acceptance Testing
13 71 (8.57%) Business Analysis
14 70 (8.45%) Continuous Improvement
15 66 (7.97%) Business Case
16 64 (7.73%) Microservices
17 58 (7.00%) Analytics
18 55 (6.64%) Coaching
18 55 (6.64%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 85 (10.27%) SQL
2 49 (5.92%) Java
3 35 (4.23%) C#
4 29 (3.50%) JavaScript
5 17 (2.05%) Python
6 11 (1.33%) C
7 8 (0.97%) PowerShell
8 5 (0.60%) C++
8 5 (0.60%) PHP
8 5 (0.60%) VBA
9 4 (0.48%) Apple Swift
9 4 (0.48%) Objective-C
9 4 (0.48%) VB.NET
10 3 (0.36%) COBOL
10 3 (0.36%) Java 8
10 3 (0.36%) Shell Script
10 3 (0.36%) T-SQL
11 2 (0.24%) JCL
11 2 (0.24%) REXX
11 2 (0.24%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 69 (8.33%) Security Cleared
2 55 (6.64%) SC Cleared
3 49 (5.92%) Degree
4 31 (3.74%) PMI Certification
4 31 (3.74%) PMP
5 11 (1.33%) ISTQB
5 11 (1.33%) PRINCE2 Certification
6 9 (1.09%) CISSP
7 7 (0.85%) CRISC
7 7 (0.85%) ISEB
7 7 (0.85%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
8 5 (0.60%) CISM
8 5 (0.60%) Computer Science Degree
8 5 (0.60%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.60%) MBA
8 5 (0.60%) TOGAF Certification
9 3 (0.36%) CEH
9 3 (0.36%) CISA
9 3 (0.36%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (6.76%) QA
2 51 (6.16%) PMO
3 20 (2.42%) Accessibility
4 16 (1.93%) GDPR
5 15 (1.81%) Data Quality
6 9 (1.09%) COBIT
6 9 (1.09%) GRC
7 6 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.48%) MiFID
9 3 (0.36%) EMIR
9 3 (0.36%) NIST
10 2 (0.24%) Actionable Recommendations
10 2 (0.24%) Basel III
10 2 (0.24%) CRD IV
10 2 (0.24%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.24%) SLA
11 1 (0.12%) GxP
11 1 (0.12%) HL7
11 1 (0.12%) ISO 9000
11 1 (0.12%) JSP 440
System Software
1 31 (3.74%) Docker
2 12 (1.45%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.36%) Virtual Desktop
3 3 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.24%) Time Sharing Option
4 2 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.12%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 42 (5.07%) Ansible
2 32 (3.86%) Kubernetes
3 17 (2.05%) Puppet
4 11 (1.33%) Opscode Chef
5 6 (0.72%) Nagios
6 5 (0.60%) Microsoft Intune
6 5 (0.60%) Terraform
7 4 (0.48%) HP ALM
8 3 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.24%) Control-M
9 2 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
9 2 (0.24%) vRealize
9 2 (0.24%) VxRail
9 2 (0.24%) WebSphere Cast Iron
10 1 (0.12%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 1 (0.12%) CA Single Sign-On
10 1 (0.12%) Consul
10 1 (0.12%) Jamf Pro
10 1 (0.12%) Kubeflow
10 1 (0.12%) SCCM
Vendors
1 114 (13.77%) Microsoft
2 41 (4.95%) Oracle
3 35 (4.23%) Salesforce.com
4 34 (4.11%) SAP
5 20 (2.42%) Google
6 15 (1.81%) ServiceNow
7 12 (1.45%) Splunk
7 12 (1.45%) VMware
8 11 (1.33%) Micro Focus
9 9 (1.09%) MuleSoft
10 8 (0.97%) AppDynamics
10 8 (0.97%) IBM
10 8 (0.97%) New Relic
10 8 (0.97%) Xerox
11 7 (0.85%) Informatica
12 6 (0.72%) Adobe
13 5 (0.60%) Bloomberg
13 5 (0.60%) Databricks
13 5 (0.60%) Sparx
14 4 (0.48%) Cognizant