Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
England > London
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 50 51 54
Rank change year-on-year +1 +3 +1
Contract jobs citing Degree 1,500 780 1,845
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 5.04% 4.81% 4.55%
As % of the Qualifications category 31.20% 23.55% 28.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 907 507 1,206
10th Percentile £331 £263 £300
25th Percentile £432 £400 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £492 £513
Median % change year-on-year +11.79% -4.00% +2.50%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £625
90th Percentile £750 £690 £706
England median daily rate £525 £455 £475
% change year-on-year +15.38% -4.21% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 21 43
10th Percentile £20.55 £21.00 £11.29
25th Percentile £26.75 £24.00 £20.25
Median hourly rate £37.50 £35.50 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year +5.63% +1.43% -6.67%
75th Percentile £49.50 £47.75 £52.25
90th Percentile £65.95 £53.75 £53.75
England median hourly rate £40.00 £27.75 £40.25
% change year-on-year +44.17% -31.07% +7.33%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 4,807 3,312 6,369
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 16.14% 20.40% 15.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,208 2,279 4,252
10th Percentile £350 £313 £313
25th Percentile £425 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £515
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% -2.91% +3.00%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £613
90th Percentile £713 £650 £700
England median daily rate £500 £482 £475
% change year-on-year +3.84% +1.37% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 78 49 100
10th Percentile £18.72 £18.00 £11.69
25th Percentile £23.00 £21.00 £18.36
Median hourly rate £37.00 £35.00 £29.00
Median % change year-on-year +5.71% +20.69% +36.47%
75th Percentile £49.57 £47.75 £47.83
90th Percentile £61.50 £52.15 £53.75
England median hourly rate £31.00 £31.39 £34.00
% change year-on-year -1.24% -7.68% +51.11%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Daily rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the London region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 190 £550 +21.15% 268
West London -18 25 £550 +37.50% 107
East London +5 14 £350 -17.65% 74
South London +25 8 £525 -4.55% 25
North London +7 1 - - 5
Degree
England

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Degree.

1 628 (41.87%) Finance
2 614 (40.93%) Social Skills
3 569 (37.93%) Agile Software Development
4 559 (37.27%) Computer Science
5 389 (25.93%) Python
6 343 (22.87%) SQL
7 309 (20.60%) Analytical Skills
8 306 (20.40%) Java
9 297 (19.80%) Azure
10 296 (19.73%) Computer Science Degree
11 288 (19.20%) Problem-Solving
12 278 (18.53%) Analytics
13 262 (17.47%) AWS
14 222 (14.80%) Project Management
15 209 (13.93%) Banking
16 205 (13.67%) Software Engineering
17 203 (13.53%) Mathematics
18 198 (13.20%) User Experience
19 195 (13.00%) JavaScript
20 182 (12.13%) Scrum
20 182 (12.13%) DevOps
21 163 (10.87%) Microsoft
22 147 (9.80%) Decision-Making
23 145 (9.67%) Front Office
24 138 (9.20%) HTML
25 130 (8.67%) Data Science
26 126 (8.40%) Management Information System
27 125 (8.33%) Presentation Skills
28 124 (8.27%) C#
28 124 (8.27%) Git (software)

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 77 (5.13%) Apache Spark
2 47 (3.13%) SharePoint
3 28 (1.87%) Confluence
4 24 (1.60%) Apache Airflow
5 23 (1.53%) Jupyter
6 22 (1.47%) Apache
7 21 (1.40%) Luigi
8 19 (1.27%) CMS
9 18 (1.20%) SAS
10 15 (1.00%) IIS
11 12 (0.80%) Oracle Coherence
12 10 (0.67%) Tomcat
13 8 (0.53%) Skype for Business
14 6 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 6 (0.40%) WebSphere
15 5 (0.33%) Apache Pig
15 5 (0.33%) Elasticsearch
15 5 (0.33%) nginx
15 5 (0.33%) Oracle Workflow
15 5 (0.33%) Tornado
Applications
1 114 (7.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 70 (4.67%) Microsoft Office
2 70 (4.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 30 (2.00%) MS Visio
4 23 (1.53%) Microsoft Project
4 23 (1.53%) Photoshop
5 15 (1.00%) Adobe Illustrator
6 7 (0.47%) Figma
6 7 (0.47%) UserZoom
7 6 (0.40%) AutoCAD
8 5 (0.33%) InVision
8 5 (0.33%) Sketch
9 4 (0.27%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 4 (0.27%) Revit
10 3 (0.20%) Maya
11 2 (0.13%) Adobe After Effects
11 2 (0.13%) Blender
11 2 (0.13%) PTC Creo
11 2 (0.13%) SPSS
11 2 (0.13%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 14 (0.93%) ION MarketView
2 10 (0.67%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 9 (0.60%) Adobe Campaign
4 7 (0.47%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 5 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.33%) SAP ERP
5 5 (0.33%) Sentinel
6 4 (0.27%) SAP S/4HANA
7 3 (0.20%) Magento
7 3 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.20%) SAP MM
8 2 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.13%) Eikon
8 2 (0.13%) NetSuite
8 2 (0.13%) OpenText VIM for SAP
8 2 (0.13%) ReMetrica
8 2 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 2 (0.13%) Sprinklr
8 2 (0.13%) Teamcenter
8 2 (0.13%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 297 (19.80%) Azure
2 262 (17.47%) AWS
3 116 (7.73%) GCP
4 68 (4.53%) Microsoft 365
5 65 (4.33%) Power Platform
6 49 (3.27%) SaaS
7 48 (3.20%) Serverless
8 29 (1.93%) Azure Active Directory
8 29 (1.93%) GitHub
9 28 (1.87%) Amazon S3
10 27 (1.80%) PaaS
11 26 (1.73%) Azure Functions
11 26 (1.73%) Cloud Computing
12 25 (1.67%) Amazon EC2
13 23 (1.53%) Azure Data Factory
14 22 (1.47%) OpenShift
15 21 (1.40%) IaaS
16 19 (1.27%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 17 (1.13%) AWS Lambda
18 15 (1.00%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 31 (2.07%) Firewall
2 30 (2.00%) HTTP
2 30 (2.00%) Network Security
3 20 (1.33%) Internet
4 18 (1.20%) FTP
5 17 (1.13%) DNS
5 17 (1.13%) VPN
6 13 (0.87%) TCP/IP
7 12 (0.80%) DHCP
7 12 (0.80%) SAN
8 11 (0.73%) MPLS
8 11 (0.73%) Wi-Fi
9 10 (0.67%) Skype
9 10 (0.67%) VoIP
9 10 (0.67%) Wireless
10 9 (0.60%) SSL
11 8 (0.53%) Kerberos
11 8 (0.53%) SMTP
12 7 (0.47%) OSPF
12 7 (0.47%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 78 (5.20%) Data Warehouse
2 70 (4.67%) Relational Database
3 66 (4.40%) Hadoop
4 63 (4.20%) Big Data
4 63 (4.20%) Power BI
5 51 (3.40%) SQL Server
6 50 (3.33%) NoSQL
7 37 (2.47%) Tableau
8 35 (2.33%) Apache Cassandra
8 35 (2.33%) Data Lake
9 33 (2.20%) MySQL
10 30 (2.00%) Metadata
11 29 (1.93%) PostgreSQL
12 28 (1.87%) QlikView
13 20 (1.33%) BigQuery
14 19 (1.27%) Azkaban
14 19 (1.27%) Oracle Database
14 19 (1.27%) RDBMS
15 18 (1.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 16 (1.07%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 124 (8.27%) Git (software)
2 85 (5.67%) JIRA
3 80 (5.33%) Jenkins
4 35 (2.33%) Maven
5 23 (1.53%) Cucumber
6 19 (1.27%) Subversion
7 18 (1.20%) GitLab
8 16 (1.07%) Selenium
9 15 (1.00%) Bitbucket
9 15 (1.00%) TeamCity
9 15 (1.00%) Visual Studio
10 14 (0.93%) Axure RP
10 14 (0.93%) Postman
11 12 (0.80%) IntelliJ
11 12 (0.80%) SonarQube
12 10 (0.67%) Jasmine
12 10 (0.67%) Karma Test Runner
13 8 (0.53%) Eclipse
13 8 (0.53%) MSI
14 7 (0.47%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 628 (41.87%) Finance
2 614 (40.93%) Social Skills
3 309 (20.60%) Analytical Skills
4 209 (13.93%) Banking
5 145 (9.67%) Front Office
6 125 (8.33%) Presentation Skills
7 124 (8.27%) Marketing
8 87 (5.80%) Investment Banking
9 74 (4.93%) Public Sector
10 55 (3.67%) Retail
11 54 (3.60%) Legal
12 48 (3.20%) Influencing Skills
13 42 (2.80%) Telecoms
14 39 (2.60%) Back Office
15 33 (2.20%) Documentation Skills
16 27 (1.80%) Financial Institution
17 22 (1.47%) German Language
18 21 (1.40%) Manufacturing
19 19 (1.27%) Advertising
20 17 (1.13%) French Language
Job Titles
1 367 (24.47%) Developer
2 216 (14.40%) Analyst
3 110 (7.33%) Designer
4 101 (6.73%) Java Developer
5 100 (6.67%) Architect
6 80 (5.33%) UX Designer
7 77 (5.13%) Project Manager
8 72 (4.80%) Business Analyst
8 72 (4.80%) UI Designer
9 69 (4.60%) React Developer
9 69 (4.60%) UI/UX Designer
10 67 (4.47%) Consultant
11 61 (4.07%) Data Engineer
11 61 (4.07%) Data Scientist
12 54 (3.60%) UI Developer
13 52 (3.47%) Senior Developer
14 51 (3.40%) UI/UX Developer
14 51 (3.40%) UX Developer
15 49 (3.27%) UI Engineer
15 49 (3.27%) UX Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 138 (9.20%) HTML
2 121 (8.07%) React
3 104 (6.93%) .NET
4 102 (6.80%) Web Services
5 96 (6.40%) AngularJS
6 86 (5.73%) CSS
7 83 (5.53%) Kafka
7 83 (5.53%) Node.js
8 69 (4.60%) REST
9 64 (4.27%) HTML5
10 58 (3.87%) Spring
11 50 (3.33%) RESTful
12 42 (2.80%) JSON
13 33 (2.20%) .NET Core
13 33 (2.20%) Middleware
14 30 (2.00%) Spring Boot
14 30 (2.00%) XML
15 24 (1.60%) D3.js
16 20 (1.33%) Redux
16 20 (1.33%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 198 (13.20%) User Experience
2 126 (8.40%) Management Information System
3 86 (5.73%) Algorithms
4 62 (4.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 55 (3.67%) Social Media
6 49 (3.27%) Data Structures
6 49 (3.27%) Self-Motivation
7 40 (2.67%) Data Centre
8 36 (2.40%) Mobile App
9 35 (2.33%) Virtual Team
10 32 (2.13%) Fixed Income
11 29 (1.93%) Enterprise Software
12 27 (1.80%) Derivative
13 23 (1.53%) Data Protection Act
14 22 (1.47%) Equities
15 21 (1.40%) Cloud Native
16 20 (1.33%) PMI
17 19 (1.27%) Analytical Mindset
18 16 (1.07%) Credit Risk
19 15 (1.00%) FMCG
Operating Systems
1 111 (7.40%) Windows
2 85 (5.67%) Linux
3 52 (3.47%) Unix
4 34 (2.27%) Windows 10
5 29 (1.93%) Apple iOS
6 26 (1.73%) Windows Server
7 17 (1.13%) Android
8 13 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 9 (0.60%) Windows 7
9 9 (0.60%) Windows Server 2016
10 8 (0.53%) Windows Server 2008
11 7 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
12 5 (0.33%) tvOS
13 3 (0.20%) HPUX
13 3 (0.20%) OpenWrt
13 3 (0.20%) Ubuntu
14 2 (0.13%) AIX
14 2 (0.13%) OpenVMS
14 2 (0.13%) Solaris
14 2 (0.13%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 569 (37.93%) Agile Software Development
2 559 (37.27%) Computer Science
3 288 (19.20%) Problem-Solving
4 278 (18.53%) Analytics
5 222 (14.80%) Project Management
6 205 (13.67%) Software Engineering
7 203 (13.53%) Mathematics
8 182 (12.13%) DevOps
8 182 (12.13%) Scrum
9 147 (9.80%) Decision-Making
10 130 (8.67%) Data Science
11 117 (7.80%) Business Intelligence
12 112 (7.47%) Machine Learning
13 108 (7.20%) Visualisation
14 107 (7.13%) Asset Management
15 106 (7.07%) Statistics
16 103 (6.87%) Cybersecurity
17 96 (6.40%) Stakeholder Management
18 95 (6.33%) Risk Management
19 93 (6.20%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 389 (25.93%) Python
2 343 (22.87%) SQL
3 306 (20.40%) Java
4 195 (13.00%) JavaScript
5 124 (8.27%) C#
6 107 (7.13%) C++
7 67 (4.47%) R
8 62 (4.13%) Kotlin
9 61 (4.07%) PowerShell
10 56 (3.73%) C
11 47 (3.13%) VBA
12 43 (2.87%) TypeScript
13 42 (2.80%) Scala
14 41 (2.73%) Java 8
15 38 (2.53%) PL/SQL
16 28 (1.87%) Ruby
17 24 (1.60%) Shell Script
18 21 (1.40%) Perl
19 16 (1.07%) Go
20 15 (1.00%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 296 (19.73%) Computer Science Degree
2 99 (6.60%) Master's Degree
3 74 (4.93%) Numerate Degree
4 73 (4.87%) CISSP
5 62 (4.13%) Security Cleared
6 50 (3.33%) CISM
7 48 (3.20%) SC Cleared
8 43 (2.87%) PhD
8 43 (2.87%) PMI Certification
9 40 (2.67%) PMP
10 19 (1.27%) CISA
10 19 (1.27%) ISTQB
11 18 (1.20%) ITIL Certification
11 18 (1.20%) Microsoft Certification
12 17 (1.13%) GIAC
13 16 (1.07%) CREST Certified
14 15 (1.00%) MBA
15 14 (0.93%) Cisco Certification
15 14 (0.93%) TOGAF Certification
16 13 (0.87%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (6.20%) QA
2 41 (2.73%) GDPR
3 34 (2.27%) Data Quality
4 30 (2.00%) NIST
5 28 (1.87%) PMO
6 23 (1.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 18 (1.20%) PCI DSS
8 16 (1.07%) Accessibility
9 13 (0.87%) GRC
9 13 (0.87%) SLA
10 11 (0.73%) COBIT
10 11 (0.73%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 8 (0.53%) ITGC
11 8 (0.53%) MiFID
12 6 (0.40%) IFRS
12 6 (0.40%) IFRS 9
12 6 (0.40%) ISO 20022
12 6 (0.40%) NCSC
13 4 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 3 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 93 (6.20%) Docker
2 57 (3.80%) Active Directory
3 24 (1.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (1.00%) Microsoft App-V
5 8 (0.53%) VMware ESXi
6 7 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 6 (0.40%) Virtual Desktop
7 6 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
8 5 (0.33%) BitLocker
8 5 (0.33%) Virtual Servers
9 4 (0.27%) HDFS
9 4 (0.27%) vSphere
10 3 (0.20%) XenApp
10 3 (0.20%) XenDesktop
11 2 (0.13%) EMC RecoverPoint
11 2 (0.13%) iptables
11 2 (0.13%) KVM
11 2 (0.13%) Snort
12 1 (0.067%) Platform Symphony
12 1 (0.067%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 111 (7.40%) Kubernetes
2 74 (4.93%) Terraform
3 26 (1.73%) Ansible
4 25 (1.67%) Microsoft Intune
5 24 (1.60%) SCCM
6 22 (1.47%) Single Sign-On
7 14 (0.93%) Opscode Chef
7 14 (0.93%) Puppet
8 10 (0.67%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 9 (0.60%) ITRS Geneos
10 5 (0.33%) CASB
10 5 (0.33%) Salt
11 4 (0.27%) EnCase
11 4 (0.27%) FTK
11 4 (0.27%) Grafana
11 4 (0.27%) Nagios
11 4 (0.27%) Prometheus
12 3 (0.20%) CSIRT
12 3 (0.20%) DatAdvantage
12 3 (0.20%) SCOM
Vendors
1 163 (10.87%) Microsoft
2 89 (5.93%) Oracle
3 77 (5.13%) Salesforce.com
4 61 (4.07%) Adobe
5 50 (3.33%) Google
6 45 (3.00%) Databricks
7 43 (2.87%) SAP
8 39 (2.60%) Splunk
9 31 (2.07%) Alteryx
9 31 (2.07%) VMware
10 28 (1.87%) Cisco
11 24 (1.60%) ServiceNow
12 21 (1.40%) IBM
13 20 (1.33%) Red Hat
14 16 (1.07%) ION Trading
15 15 (1.00%) Citrix
16 14 (0.93%) Ivanti
17 13 (0.87%) ESRI
18 12 (0.80%) MuleSoft
19 11 (0.73%) Marketo