Period
to 25 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 25 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
England > London
6 months to
25 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 53 54 58
Rank change year-on-year +1 +4 -14
Contract jobs citing Degree 869 1,293 1,973
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.42% 4.56% 4.52%
As % of the Qualifications category 23.46% 25.02% 27.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 673 852 1,361
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £283 £272 £258
90th Percentile £713 £694 £675
England median daily rate £475 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +5.56% -5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 40 37
Median hourly rate £34.23 £44.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +95.56% -17.00%
10th Percentile £22.25 £24.90 £13.00
90th Percentile £53.78 £52.50 £54.75
England median hourly rate £36.25 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -13.69% +5.00% +23.08%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 3,704 5,168 7,140
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 18.83% 18.23% 16.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,591 3,631 4,721
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £315 £300 £280
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 52 84 129
Median hourly rate £37.72 £36.70 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.77% +63.11% +7.14%
10th Percentile £17.75 £18.70 £12.50
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £47.50
Median hourly rate £40.00 £30.00 £27.50
% change year-on-year +33.33% +9.09% +14.58%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Daily rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the London region over the 6 months to 25 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +8 127 £450 -10.00% 229
West London +1 33 £500 +11.11% 92
East London +12 6 - - 58
South London +40 4 £375 -21.05% 17
North London +6 1 - - 16
Degree
England

For the 6 months to 25 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Degree.

1 367 (42.23%) Computer Science
2 348 (40.05%) Agile Software Development
3 315 (36.25%) Finance
4 214 (24.63%) Java
5 210 (24.17%) Computer Science Degree
6 199 (22.90%) Python
7 183 (21.06%) Problem-Solving
8 155 (17.84%) Banking
9 154 (17.72%) Azure
10 151 (17.38%) JavaScript
10 151 (17.38%) Analytical Skills
11 138 (15.88%) SQL
12 133 (15.30%) Front Office
12 133 (15.30%) AWS
13 132 (15.19%) Software Engineering
14 129 (14.84%) Scrum
15 124 (14.27%) User Experience
16 114 (13.12%) Project Management
17 109 (12.54%) Microsoft
18 102 (11.74%) Mathematics
19 98 (11.28%) GCP
20 94 (10.82%) DevOps
21 91 (10.47%) Analytics
22 88 (10.13%) HTML
23 86 (9.90%) Kubernetes
24 85 (9.78%) Web Services
25 84 (9.67%) Linux
26 82 (9.44%) React
27 80 (9.21%) Docker
28 73 (8.40%) Terraform

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (5.98%) Apache Spark
2 30 (3.45%) Confluence
3 23 (2.65%) SharePoint
4 19 (2.19%) Apache
5 12 (1.38%) Red Hat Fuse
6 11 (1.27%) SAS
7 10 (1.15%) CMS
7 10 (1.15%) WebSphere
8 9 (1.04%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 8 (0.92%) IIS
10 7 (0.81%) Skype for Business
11 6 (0.69%) Apache Airflow
11 6 (0.69%) Appian
12 5 (0.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 5 (0.58%) Tornado
13 4 (0.46%) WebLogic
14 3 (0.35%) Anypoint
14 3 (0.35%) Oracle Workflow
14 3 (0.35%) Sitecore CMS
14 3 (0.35%) Tomcat
Applications
1 55 (6.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (4.60%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (3.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 15 (1.73%) Sketch
5 14 (1.61%) Adobe Illustrator
5 14 (1.61%) MS Visio
6 11 (1.27%) InVision
6 11 (1.27%) Microsoft Project
7 9 (1.04%) Adobe XD
8 8 (0.92%) Photoshop
9 3 (0.35%) Adobe After Effects
9 3 (0.35%) Figma
9 3 (0.35%) Maya
9 3 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.35%) SPSS
9 3 (0.35%) UserZoom
9 3 (0.35%) Zeplin
10 2 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 2 (0.23%) Adobe Premiere
10 2 (0.23%) Blender
Business Applications
1 4 (0.46%) SAP ERP
2 3 (0.35%) Lawson
2 3 (0.35%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (0.35%) Summit
3 2 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.23%) Eikon
3 2 (0.23%) ION MarketView
3 2 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 2 (0.23%) SAP BRIM
3 2 (0.23%) SAP CO
3 2 (0.23%) SAP FI
3 2 (0.23%) SAP FI/CO
3 2 (0.23%) SAP HR
3 2 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (0.23%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.12%) Maximo
4 1 (0.12%) Temenos Globus
4 1 (0.12%) Temenos T24
4 1 (0.12%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 154 (17.72%) Azure
2 133 (15.30%) AWS
3 98 (11.28%) GCP
4 28 (3.22%) Power Platform
5 26 (2.99%) GitHub
6 24 (2.76%) Microsoft 365
7 16 (1.84%) SaaS
8 13 (1.50%) PaaS
9 10 (1.15%) IaaS
10 9 (1.04%) Azure Active Directory
11 8 (0.92%) Dynamics 365
12 7 (0.81%) Amazon EC2
12 7 (0.81%) Boomi
12 7 (0.81%) PowerApps
13 6 (0.69%) SuccessFactors
14 5 (0.58%) Amazon EKS
14 5 (0.58%) Amazon S3
14 5 (0.58%) AWS CloudFormation
14 5 (0.58%) npm
14 5 (0.58%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 19 (2.19%) Firewall
2 15 (1.73%) VPN
3 11 (1.27%) DNS
3 11 (1.27%) HTTP
3 11 (1.27%) Skype
4 9 (1.04%) MPLS
4 9 (1.04%) Multicast
4 9 (1.04%) Network Security
4 9 (1.04%) TCP/IP
4 9 (1.04%) Wi-Fi
5 8 (0.92%) BGP
5 8 (0.92%) Internet
5 8 (0.92%) LAN
6 7 (0.81%) OSPF
7 6 (0.69%) VLAN
7 6 (0.69%) WAN
7 6 (0.69%) Wireless
8 5 (0.58%) FTP
8 5 (0.58%) IPv6
9 4 (0.46%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (5.64%) Relational Database
2 44 (5.06%) Hadoop
3 43 (4.95%) SQL Server
4 32 (3.68%) Big Data
5 26 (2.99%) Power BI
6 18 (2.07%) Data Warehouse
7 17 (1.96%) Tableau
8 14 (1.61%) NoSQL
9 12 (1.38%) MySQL
10 10 (1.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 9 (1.04%) Apache Cassandra
11 9 (1.04%) BigQuery
12 8 (0.92%) Apache Hive
12 8 (0.92%) RDBMS
13 7 (0.81%) Data Lake
13 7 (0.81%) PostgreSQL
14 6 (0.69%) Amazon RDS
14 6 (0.69%) Oracle Database
15 5 (0.58%) MongoDB
15 5 (0.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 66 (7.59%) Jenkins
2 62 (7.13%) Git (software)
3 60 (6.90%) JIRA
4 14 (1.61%) Maven
5 11 (1.27%) GitLab
6 10 (1.15%) Axure RP
6 10 (1.15%) JUnit
6 10 (1.15%) TeamCity
6 10 (1.15%) webpack
7 8 (0.92%) Balsamiq
8 7 (0.81%) git-flow
9 6 (0.69%) Selenium
10 5 (0.58%) Ant
10 5 (0.58%) Gradle
10 5 (0.58%) JMeter
10 5 (0.58%) Mockito
10 5 (0.58%) Visual Studio
11 4 (0.46%) Cucumber
11 4 (0.46%) Cypress.io
11 4 (0.46%) GDB
General
1 315 (36.25%) Finance
2 155 (17.84%) Banking
3 133 (15.30%) Front Office
4 64 (7.36%) Investment Banking
5 47 (5.41%) Marketing
6 37 (4.26%) Public Sector
7 27 (3.11%) Legal
8 22 (2.53%) Retail
9 20 (2.30%) Telecoms
10 16 (1.84%) Pharmaceutical
11 15 (1.73%) Financial Institution
12 14 (1.61%) Manufacturing
13 8 (0.92%) Law
13 8 (0.92%) Publishing
14 7 (0.81%) German Language
15 6 (0.69%) Advertising
15 6 (0.69%) Games
15 6 (0.69%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.69%) Russian Language
16 5 (0.58%) Polish Language
Job Titles
1 260 (29.92%) Developer
2 138 (15.88%) Analyst
3 87 (10.01%) Designer
4 77 (8.86%) Java Developer
5 70 (8.06%) UX Designer
6 67 (7.71%) React Developer
7 66 (7.59%) UI Designer
8 64 (7.36%) UI/UX Designer
9 58 (6.67%) UI Developer
10 55 (6.33%) Architect
11 54 (6.21%) UI/UX Developer
11 54 (6.21%) UX Developer
12 53 (6.10%) UI Engineer
12 53 (6.10%) UX Engineer
13 47 (5.41%) Business Analyst
14 42 (4.83%) Consultant
15 36 (4.14%) Project Manager
15 36 (4.14%) Senior Developer
16 30 (3.45%) Electronic Trading Developer
17 27 (3.11%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 88 (10.13%) HTML
2 85 (9.78%) Web Services
3 82 (9.44%) React
4 71 (8.17%) Node.js
5 59 (6.79%) .NET
6 57 (6.56%) CSS
7 50 (5.75%) HTML5
8 47 (5.41%) REST
9 38 (4.37%) AngularJS
9 38 (4.37%) Spring
10 33 (3.80%) RESTful
11 26 (2.99%) Redux
12 23 (2.65%) Middleware
12 23 (2.65%) XML
13 21 (2.42%) GraphQL
14 20 (2.30%) Hibernate
14 20 (2.30%) Kafka
15 19 (2.19%) .NET Core
16 18 (2.07%) OSGi
17 17 (1.96%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 151 (17.38%) Analytical Skills
2 124 (14.27%) User Experience
3 48 (5.52%) Management Information System
4 47 (5.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 27 (3.11%) Hedge funds
6 26 (2.99%) Social Media
7 23 (2.65%) Algorithms
8 19 (2.19%) Equities
9 18 (2.07%) Data Structures
9 18 (2.07%) Derivative
10 17 (1.96%) Enterprise Software
10 17 (1.96%) Mobile App
11 16 (1.84%) Data Centre
12 14 (1.61%) Clustering
13 12 (1.38%) Fixed Income
13 12 (1.38%) Greenfield Project
13 12 (1.38%) PMI
13 12 (1.38%) Public Cloud
13 12 (1.38%) Virtual Team
14 10 (1.15%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 84 (9.67%) Linux
2 64 (7.36%) Windows
3 38 (4.37%) Unix
4 16 (1.84%) Windows Server
5 14 (1.61%) Windows 10
6 11 (1.27%) Apple iOS
6 11 (1.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (1.15%) Android
8 5 (0.58%) VMS
8 5 (0.58%) Windows Server 2008
8 5 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
9 4 (0.46%) OpenWrt
9 4 (0.46%) Windows Server 2016
9 4 (0.46%) Windows Server 2019
10 2 (0.23%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.23%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.12%) CentOS
11 1 (0.12%) HPUX
11 1 (0.12%) MVS
11 1 (0.12%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 367 (42.23%) Computer Science
2 348 (40.05%) Agile Software Development
3 183 (21.06%) Problem-Solving
4 132 (15.19%) Software Engineering
5 129 (14.84%) Scrum
6 114 (13.12%) Project Management
7 102 (11.74%) Mathematics
8 94 (10.82%) DevOps
9 91 (10.47%) Analytics
10 69 (7.94%) Microservices
11 67 (7.71%) Asset Management
12 66 (7.59%) Investment Management
13 65 (7.48%) Decision-Making
13 65 (7.48%) TDD
13 65 (7.48%) Wireframes
14 64 (7.36%) Risk Management
15 63 (7.25%) Portfolio Management
15 63 (7.25%) Release Management
16 58 (6.67%) Data Science
17 57 (6.56%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 214 (24.63%) Java
2 199 (22.90%) Python
3 151 (17.38%) JavaScript
4 138 (15.88%) SQL
5 65 (7.48%) Kotlin
6 57 (6.56%) C#
7 46 (5.29%) C++
8 38 (4.37%) Scala
9 32 (3.68%) Java 8
10 24 (2.76%) R
10 24 (2.76%) TypeScript
11 22 (2.53%) PowerShell
12 17 (1.96%) C
13 16 (1.84%) PL/SQL
14 15 (1.73%) Shell Script
15 12 (1.38%) ES6
15 12 (1.38%) VBA
16 11 (1.27%) Bash Shell
16 11 (1.27%) T-SQL
17 8 (0.92%) Perl
Qualifications
1 210 (24.17%) Computer Science Degree
2 62 (7.13%) Master's Degree
3 50 (5.75%) Numerate Degree
4 29 (3.34%) PhD
5 24 (2.76%) CISSP
5 24 (2.76%) Security Cleared
6 21 (2.42%) PMI Certification
6 21 (2.42%) PMP
7 16 (1.84%) SC Cleared
8 14 (1.61%) CISM
9 12 (1.38%) Cisco Certification
10 10 (1.15%) ITIL Certification
11 9 (1.04%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
11 9 (1.04%) TOGAF Certification
12 8 (0.92%) CISA
13 7 (0.81%) GIAC
13 7 (0.81%) MBA
13 7 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
13 7 (0.81%) Postgraduate
14 6 (0.69%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (5.18%) QA
2 20 (2.30%) NIST
3 18 (2.07%) PMO
4 17 (1.96%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 16 (1.84%) Data Quality
6 11 (1.27%) GDPR
7 8 (0.92%) COBIT
7 8 (0.92%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.92%) SLA
8 6 (0.69%) IFRS
9 5 (0.58%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 4 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 4 (0.46%) JTAG
10 4 (0.46%) MiFID
10 4 (0.46%) NIST 800
11 3 (0.35%) IFRS 9
11 3 (0.35%) ISO 22301
11 3 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 2 (0.23%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 2 (0.23%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 80 (9.21%) Docker
2 21 (2.42%) Active Directory
3 14 (1.61%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.92%) vSphere
5 5 (0.58%) HDFS
5 5 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.46%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 3 (0.35%) vCloud
7 3 (0.35%) VMware NSX
8 2 (0.23%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 2 (0.23%) Xen
9 1 (0.12%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.12%) DFS Replication
9 1 (0.12%) KVM
9 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 1 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 86 (9.90%) Kubernetes
2 73 (8.40%) Terraform
3 17 (1.96%) Ansible
4 12 (1.38%) SCCM
5 9 (1.04%) SCOM
6 8 (0.92%) Microsoft Intune
6 8 (0.92%) Opscode Chef
6 8 (0.92%) Puppet
7 6 (0.69%) Prometheus
8 5 (0.58%) Nagios
9 4 (0.46%) HP Quality Center
9 4 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
9 4 (0.46%) vRealize
9 4 (0.46%) vRealize Orchestrator
10 3 (0.35%) vCenter Server
11 2 (0.23%) CASB
11 2 (0.23%) Grafana
11 2 (0.23%) OfficeScan
11 2 (0.23%) Opsview
11 2 (0.23%) Trend Micro Deep Security
Vendors
1 109 (12.54%) Microsoft
2 56 (6.44%) Oracle
3 38 (4.37%) Splunk
4 34 (3.91%) Adobe
5 32 (3.68%) Google
6 21 (2.42%) Salesforce.com
6 21 (2.42%) SAP
7 20 (2.30%) Cisco
8 19 (2.19%) VMware
9 15 (1.73%) Databricks
10 9 (1.04%) HP
10 9 (1.04%) IBM
11 8 (0.92%) Atlassian
11 8 (0.92%) Citrix
11 8 (0.92%) ServiceNow
12 7 (0.81%) Juniper
12 7 (0.81%) MuleSoft
13 6 (0.69%) ESRI
14 5 (0.58%) Facebook
14 5 (0.58%) SolarWinds