Period
to 14 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
England > London
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 52 57 53
Rank change year-on-year +5 -4 -6
Contract jobs citing Degree 1,162 937 1,940
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.87% 4.51% 4.79%
As % of the Qualifications category 27.54% 23.27% 29.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 714 607 1,289
10th Percentile £313 £275 £256
25th Percentile £413 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
75th Percentile £638 £600 £613
90th Percentile £749 £653 £700
England median daily rate £500 £460 £475
% change year-on-year +8.70% -3.16% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 50 24 37
10th Percentile £20.59 £21.00 £17.89
25th Percentile £26.65 £25.31 £20.38
Median hourly rate £36.50 £34.34 £35.50
Median % change year-on-year +6.30% -3.27% +8.75%
75th Percentile £47.50 £52.25 £52.50
90th Percentile £57.74 £53.75 £56.25
England median hourly rate £37.50 £35.00 £39.75
% change year-on-year +7.14% -11.95% +1.92%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 4,220 4,026 6,557
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.68% 19.39% 16.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,892 2,759 4,376
10th Percentile £335 £300 £305
25th Percentile £425 £400 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £500 £505
Median % change year-on-year +2.50% -0.99% +1.00%
75th Percentile £600 £600 £600
90th Percentile £688 £656 £691
England median daily rate £498 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +4.79% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 68 60 98
10th Percentile £16.21 £18.25 £15.00
25th Percentile £25.69 £21.64 £18.50
Median hourly rate £37.00 £34.34 £31.75
Median % change year-on-year +7.75% +8.15% +51.19%
75th Percentile £49.69 £47.83 £47.25
90th Percentile £59.83 £52.33 £53.75
England median hourly rate £39.50 £27.99 £29.00
% change year-on-year +41.12% -3.48% +28.89%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Daily rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the London region over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +4 177 £550 +20.02% 251
West London -1 27 £500 +11.11% 103
East London +13 13 £298 -30.46% 59
South London +32 6 £525 -2.33% 12
North London +8 1 - - 16
Degree
England

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Degree.

1 485 (41.74%) Finance
2 462 (39.76%) Agile Software Development
3 444 (38.21%) Computer Science
4 404 (34.77%) Social Skills
5 296 (25.47%) Python
6 259 (22.29%) Java
7 245 (21.08%) Computer Science Degree
8 237 (20.40%) SQL
9 233 (20.05%) Problem-Solving
10 230 (19.79%) Azure
11 221 (19.02%) Analytical Skills
12 203 (17.47%) AWS
13 181 (15.58%) Banking
14 180 (15.49%) Software Engineering
15 179 (15.40%) Analytics
16 168 (14.46%) JavaScript
17 167 (14.37%) User Experience
18 164 (14.11%) Project Management
18 164 (14.11%) Front Office
19 159 (13.68%) Scrum
20 150 (12.91%) DevOps
21 146 (12.56%) Mathematics
22 142 (12.22%) Microsoft
23 125 (10.76%) GCP
24 119 (10.24%) React
25 109 (9.38%) Kubernetes
26 105 (9.04%) Asset Management
27 103 (8.86%) Investment Management
28 101 (8.69%) Decision-Making
29 100 (8.61%) Web Services

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (4.91%) Apache Spark
2 39 (3.36%) Confluence
3 33 (2.84%) SharePoint
4 18 (1.55%) Jupyter
5 16 (1.38%) Apache
5 16 (1.38%) SAS
6 15 (1.29%) CMS
7 11 (0.95%) Apache Airflow
8 8 (0.69%) IIS
8 8 (0.69%) Oracle Workflow
8 8 (0.69%) Red Hat Fuse
9 7 (0.60%) Luigi
9 7 (0.60%) Oracle Coherence
9 7 (0.60%) Skype for Business
10 5 (0.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 5 (0.43%) Tornado
11 4 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2013
11 4 (0.34%) MS Exchange
11 4 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 3 (0.26%) DNN
Applications
1 80 (6.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 53 (4.56%) Microsoft Office
3 52 (4.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 25 (2.15%) MS Visio
5 15 (1.29%) Microsoft Project
6 10 (0.86%) Photoshop
7 8 (0.69%) Adobe Illustrator
7 8 (0.69%) Sketch
8 6 (0.52%) AutoCAD
8 6 (0.52%) InVision
9 5 (0.43%) Adobe XD
10 4 (0.34%) Figma
10 4 (0.34%) Maya
10 4 (0.34%) Revit
10 4 (0.34%) SPSS
11 3 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
11 3 (0.26%) UserZoom
12 2 (0.17%) Blender
12 2 (0.17%) Chatbot
12 2 (0.17%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 6 (0.52%) Adobe Campaign
2 5 (0.43%) SAP ERP
2 5 (0.43%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 4 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (0.34%) ION MarketView
3 4 (0.34%) Sentinel
4 3 (0.26%) SAP MM
5 2 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.17%) Eikon
5 2 (0.17%) Magento
5 2 (0.17%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.17%) OpenText VIM for SAP
5 2 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.17%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.17%) ReMetrica
5 2 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.17%) SAP HR
5 2 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 230 (19.79%) Azure
2 203 (17.47%) AWS
3 125 (10.76%) GCP
4 49 (4.22%) Power Platform
5 44 (3.79%) Microsoft 365
6 35 (3.01%) SaaS
7 33 (2.84%) GitHub
8 22 (1.89%) PaaS
9 17 (1.46%) IaaS
10 16 (1.38%) Serverless
11 14 (1.20%) Amazon S3
11 14 (1.20%) Dynamics 365
12 12 (1.03%) Amazon EC2
12 12 (1.03%) Azure Active Directory
12 12 (1.03%) OpenShift
13 10 (0.86%) PowerApps
14 9 (0.77%) Azure Functions
14 9 (0.77%) Cloud Computing
15 8 (0.69%) Azure Data Factory
15 8 (0.69%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 20 (1.72%) Firewall
2 17 (1.46%) Network Security
3 16 (1.38%) VPN
4 15 (1.29%) HTTP
4 15 (1.29%) Internet
5 11 (0.95%) DNS
6 10 (0.86%) MPLS
6 10 (0.86%) Multicast
7 9 (0.77%) Skype
7 9 (0.77%) TCP/IP
7 9 (0.77%) Wi-Fi
7 9 (0.77%) Wireless
8 8 (0.69%) BGP
8 8 (0.69%) LAN
8 8 (0.69%) OSPF
9 7 (0.60%) SAN
9 7 (0.60%) WAN
10 5 (0.43%) DHCP
10 5 (0.43%) FTP
10 5 (0.43%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (4.65%) Data Warehouse
2 51 (4.39%) Hadoop
2 51 (4.39%) Relational Database
3 47 (4.04%) Power BI
3 47 (4.04%) SQL Server
4 36 (3.10%) Big Data
5 33 (2.84%) Tableau
6 20 (1.72%) QlikView
7 18 (1.55%) NoSQL
7 18 (1.55%) Oracle Database
8 17 (1.46%) Data Lake
8 17 (1.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 14 (1.20%) BigQuery
10 13 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
11 12 (1.03%) Amazon Redshift
11 12 (1.03%) MySQL
11 12 (1.03%) Oracle Database 12c
11 12 (1.03%) PostgreSQL
12 11 (0.95%) Data Mining
13 10 (0.86%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 86 (7.40%) Git (software)
2 76 (6.54%) JIRA
3 72 (6.20%) Jenkins
4 20 (1.72%) Cucumber
4 20 (1.72%) Maven
5 18 (1.55%) GitLab
5 18 (1.55%) TeamCity
6 14 (1.20%) Visual Studio
7 12 (1.03%) Selenium
8 9 (0.77%) Bitbucket
8 9 (0.77%) IntelliJ
9 8 (0.69%) JUnit
9 8 (0.69%) SonarQube
10 7 (0.60%) Subversion
10 7 (0.60%) webpack
11 6 (0.52%) Axure RP
11 6 (0.52%) Eclipse
11 6 (0.52%) Oracle APEX
11 6 (0.52%) ProC
11 6 (0.52%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 485 (41.74%) Finance
2 404 (34.77%) Social Skills
3 221 (19.02%) Analytical Skills
4 181 (15.58%) Banking
5 164 (14.11%) Front Office
6 84 (7.23%) Investment Banking
7 76 (6.54%) Marketing
8 71 (6.11%) Presentation Skills
9 56 (4.82%) Public Sector
10 37 (3.18%) Influencing Skills
10 37 (3.18%) Legal
11 30 (2.58%) Retail
12 27 (2.32%) Telecoms
13 23 (1.98%) Financial Institution
14 19 (1.64%) Documentation Skills
15 14 (1.20%) Organisational Skills
16 13 (1.12%) Back Office
16 13 (1.12%) Publishing
17 12 (1.03%) German Language
18 11 (0.95%) Law
Job Titles
1 321 (27.62%) Developer
2 184 (15.83%) Analyst
3 108 (9.29%) Designer
4 84 (7.23%) UX Designer
5 82 (7.06%) Architect
5 82 (7.06%) React Developer
6 80 (6.88%) Java Developer
6 80 (6.88%) UI Designer
7 79 (6.80%) UI/UX Designer
8 74 (6.37%) UI Developer
9 71 (6.11%) UI/UX Developer
9 71 (6.11%) UX Developer
10 69 (5.94%) UI Engineer
10 69 (5.94%) UX Engineer
11 68 (5.85%) Business Analyst
12 60 (5.16%) Project Manager
13 53 (4.56%) Consultant
14 43 (3.70%) Senior Developer
15 41 (3.53%) Data Scientist
16 36 (3.10%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 119 (10.24%) React
2 100 (8.61%) Web Services
3 86 (7.40%) Node.js
4 85 (7.31%) HTML
5 82 (7.06%) .NET
6 65 (5.59%) AngularJS
7 55 (4.73%) CSS
8 48 (4.13%) REST
9 42 (3.61%) Spring
10 37 (3.18%) Kafka
11 32 (2.75%) HTML5
12 26 (2.24%) Middleware
13 24 (2.07%) .NET Core
14 21 (1.81%) GraphQL
15 19 (1.64%) RESTful
16 17 (1.46%) D3.js
16 17 (1.46%) Redux
17 16 (1.38%) XML
18 15 (1.29%) Hibernate
18 15 (1.29%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 167 (14.37%) User Experience
2 92 (7.92%) Management Information System
3 59 (5.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 49 (4.22%) Social Media
5 39 (3.36%) Algorithms
6 33 (2.84%) Data Structures
7 28 (2.41%) Data Centre
8 26 (2.24%) Equities
9 23 (1.98%) Derivative
9 23 (1.98%) Hedge funds
9 23 (1.98%) PMI
9 23 (1.98%) Self-Motivation
10 22 (1.89%) Fixed Income
10 22 (1.89%) Mobile App
11 20 (1.72%) Virtual Team
12 16 (1.38%) Enterprise Software
13 14 (1.20%) Clustering
13 14 (1.20%) Public Cloud
14 13 (1.12%) Cloud Native
14 13 (1.12%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 83 (7.14%) Windows
2 77 (6.63%) Linux
3 48 (4.13%) Unix
4 25 (2.15%) Windows Server
5 16 (1.38%) Windows 10
6 15 (1.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.86%) Apple iOS
7 10 (0.86%) Windows Server 2008
7 10 (0.86%) Windows Server 2016
8 9 (0.77%) Android
9 8 (0.69%) Windows Server 2012
10 6 (0.52%) VMS
11 5 (0.43%) Windows 7
12 4 (0.34%) OpenWrt
13 3 (0.26%) Windows Server 2019
14 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2003
15 1 (0.086%) HPUX
15 1 (0.086%) Mac OS
15 1 (0.086%) MVS
15 1 (0.086%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 462 (39.76%) Agile Software Development
2 444 (38.21%) Computer Science
3 233 (20.05%) Problem-Solving
4 180 (15.49%) Software Engineering
5 179 (15.40%) Analytics
6 164 (14.11%) Project Management
7 159 (13.68%) Scrum
8 150 (12.91%) DevOps
9 146 (12.56%) Mathematics
10 105 (9.04%) Asset Management
11 103 (8.86%) Investment Management
12 101 (8.69%) Decision-Making
13 93 (8.00%) Business Intelligence
14 85 (7.31%) Cybersecurity
14 85 (7.31%) Portfolio Management
15 84 (7.23%) Data Science
16 80 (6.88%) TDD
16 80 (6.88%) Wireframes
17 79 (6.80%) Release Management
17 79 (6.80%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 296 (25.47%) Python
2 259 (22.29%) Java
3 237 (20.40%) SQL
4 168 (14.46%) JavaScript
5 88 (7.57%) C#
6 78 (6.71%) Kotlin
7 76 (6.54%) C++
8 46 (3.96%) R
9 40 (3.44%) Scala
10 35 (3.01%) PowerShell
11 32 (2.75%) PL/SQL
11 32 (2.75%) TypeScript
12 31 (2.67%) Java 8
13 26 (2.24%) C
13 26 (2.24%) VBA
14 17 (1.46%) Shell Script
15 13 (1.12%) Go
15 13 (1.12%) T-SQL
16 12 (1.03%) VB
17 11 (0.95%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 245 (21.08%) Computer Science Degree
2 67 (5.77%) Master's Degree
3 62 (5.34%) Numerate Degree
4 57 (4.91%) CISSP
5 43 (3.70%) Security Cleared
6 38 (3.27%) PMI Certification
7 37 (3.18%) PhD
8 35 (3.01%) CISM
9 34 (2.93%) PMP
10 33 (2.84%) SC Cleared
11 15 (1.29%) GIAC
12 14 (1.20%) ITIL Certification
13 13 (1.12%) CREST Certified
13 13 (1.12%) TOGAF Certification
14 12 (1.03%) CISA
14 12 (1.03%) Cisco Certification
14 12 (1.03%) Microsoft Certification
14 12 (1.03%) SANS
15 11 (0.95%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
16 10 (0.86%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 74 (6.37%) QA
2 27 (2.32%) NIST
3 21 (1.81%) PMO
4 20 (1.72%) GDPR
4 20 (1.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 15 (1.29%) Data Quality
6 12 (1.03%) PCI DSS
7 10 (0.86%) COBIT
8 9 (0.77%) IFRS
8 9 (0.77%) SLA
9 8 (0.69%) GRC
10 7 (0.60%) MiFID
10 7 (0.60%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 6 (0.52%) IFRS 9
11 6 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 5 (0.43%) NCSC
13 4 (0.34%) JTAG
14 3 (0.26%) HIPAA
14 3 (0.26%) ISO 20022
14 3 (0.26%) RMADS
System Software
1 97 (8.35%) Docker
2 36 (3.10%) Active Directory
3 22 (1.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (0.69%) vSphere
5 7 (0.60%) VMware ESXi
6 5 (0.43%) BitLocker
7 4 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.26%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.26%) vCloud
8 3 (0.26%) VMware NSX
9 2 (0.17%) EMC RecoverPoint
9 2 (0.17%) HDFS
9 2 (0.17%) KVM
9 2 (0.17%) Snort
9 2 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
9 2 (0.17%) XenApp
9 2 (0.17%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.086%) Platform Symphony
10 1 (0.086%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 109 (9.38%) Kubernetes
2 90 (7.75%) Terraform
3 20 (1.72%) Ansible
4 15 (1.29%) Opscode Chef
5 13 (1.12%) Single Sign-On
6 12 (1.03%) Puppet
7 8 (0.69%) Microsoft Intune
7 8 (0.69%) SCCM
8 6 (0.52%) ITRS Geneos
9 5 (0.43%) Salt
9 5 (0.43%) vRealize
9 5 (0.43%) vRealize Orchestrator
10 4 (0.34%) CASB
10 4 (0.34%) EnCase
10 4 (0.34%) FTK
10 4 (0.34%) Grafana
10 4 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
10 4 (0.34%) Prometheus
10 4 (0.34%) SCOM
11 3 (0.26%) BladeLogic
Vendors
1 142 (12.22%) Microsoft
2 81 (6.97%) Oracle
3 49 (4.22%) Salesforce.com
4 40 (3.44%) Splunk
5 38 (3.27%) Adobe
6 37 (3.18%) Google
7 31 (2.67%) SAP
8 30 (2.58%) VMware
9 29 (2.50%) Cisco
10 20 (1.72%) Databricks
11 19 (1.64%) IBM
12 17 (1.46%) Red Hat
13 15 (1.29%) Alteryx
14 12 (1.03%) ServiceNow
15 11 (0.95%) Atlassian
16 10 (0.86%) Citrix
16 10 (0.86%) Juniper
17 9 (0.77%) HP
18 8 (0.69%) ADVA
19 7 (0.60%) ESRI