Period
to 4 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 4 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
England > London
6 months to
4 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 60 52 60
Rank change year-on-year -8 +8 -14
Contract jobs citing Degree 686 1,671 2,033
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.18% 4.77% 4.38%
As % of the Qualifications category 21.39% 27.69% 27.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 487 1,127 1,321
Median daily rate £475 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% - +2.56%
10th Percentile £200 £263 £275
90th Percentile £688 £700 £675
England median daily rate £450 £463 £463
% change year-on-year -2.70% - +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 43 54
Median hourly rate £35.00 £36.70 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.63% +0.55% +50.64%
10th Percentile £24.89 £12.99 £13.00
90th Percentile £54.25 £52.50 £99.63
England median hourly rate £35.75 £43.25 £40.00
% change year-on-year -17.34% +8.13% +26.36%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 3,207 6,034 7,475
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 19.53% 17.21% 16.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,063 4,049 4,801
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £675 £688 £675
England median daily rate £475 £470 £450
% change year-on-year +1.06% +4.44% +4.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 82 118 192
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +45.83% +12.41%
10th Percentile £22.36 £16.00 £13.00
90th Percentile £58.00 £52.50 £54.54
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year - +40.00% -

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Daily rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 4 December 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 4 December 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the London region over the 6 months to 4 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 112 £450 -10.00% 243
West London -2 36 £500 +11.11% 62
East London +31 10 £515 -10.43% 48
South London +33 4 £375 -21.47% 12
Degree
England

For the 6 months to 4 December 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Degree.

1 299 (43.59%) Computer Science
2 234 (34.11%) Agile Software Development
3 201 (29.30%) Finance
4 166 (24.20%) Computer Science Degree
5 155 (22.59%) Python
6 146 (21.28%) Java
7 139 (20.26%) Analytical Skills
8 136 (19.83%) Problem-Solving
9 131 (19.10%) SQL
10 108 (15.74%) Project Management
11 105 (15.31%) Mathematics
12 102 (14.87%) Banking
13 98 (14.29%) JavaScript
14 91 (13.27%) Scrum
15 90 (13.12%) Azure
16 86 (12.54%) Analytics
17 85 (12.39%) HTML
17 85 (12.39%) Microsoft
18 82 (11.95%) AWS
19 76 (11.08%) Data Science
20 74 (10.79%) Software Engineering
21 71 (10.35%) Master's Degree
22 68 (9.91%) User Experience
23 61 (8.89%) Linux
24 60 (8.75%) Front Office
25 59 (8.60%) Marketing
26 58 (8.45%) C#
27 57 (8.31%) Numerate Degree
28 56 (8.16%) Big Data
29 55 (8.02%) DevOps

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (7.00%) Apache Spark
2 20 (2.92%) SharePoint
3 18 (2.62%) Apache
4 15 (2.19%) Confluence
5 10 (1.46%) IIS
6 9 (1.31%) WebSphere
7 7 (1.02%) Appian
7 7 (1.02%) Red Hat Fuse
7 7 (1.02%) Tomcat
8 6 (0.87%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 5 (0.73%) Elasticsearch
9 5 (0.73%) SAS
9 5 (0.73%) Skype for Business
10 4 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
10 4 (0.58%) CMS
10 4 (0.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 4 (0.58%) WebLogic
11 3 (0.44%) JBoss
11 3 (0.44%) Oracle Workflow
12 2 (0.29%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 39 (5.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 37 (5.39%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (3.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (2.62%) Sketch
5 16 (2.33%) Adobe Illustrator
6 13 (1.90%) InVision
7 11 (1.60%) Adobe XD
8 10 (1.46%) Microsoft Project
8 10 (1.46%) MS Visio
9 7 (1.02%) Photoshop
10 5 (0.73%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 3 (0.44%) Zeplin
12 2 (0.29%) Adobe After Effects
12 2 (0.29%) Figma
12 2 (0.29%) Maya
13 1 (0.15%) Acrobat
13 1 (0.15%) Adobe Premiere
13 1 (0.15%) Blender
13 1 (0.15%) CINEMA 4D
13 1 (0.15%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 5 (0.73%) Lawson
1 5 (0.73%) Sentinel
2 4 (0.58%) SAP CO
2 4 (0.58%) SAP FI
2 4 (0.58%) SAP FI/CO
2 4 (0.58%) thinkFolio
3 3 (0.44%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 3 (0.44%) Summit
4 2 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.29%) Endur
4 2 (0.29%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.29%) SAP BRIM
4 2 (0.29%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.15%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.15%) Findur
5 1 (0.15%) ION MarketView
5 1 (0.15%) SAP GRC
5 1 (0.15%) SAP MM
5 1 (0.15%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 90 (13.12%) Azure
2 82 (11.95%) AWS
3 40 (5.83%) GCP
4 23 (3.35%) Power Platform
5 19 (2.77%) GitHub
6 16 (2.33%) Office 365
7 13 (1.90%) Serverless
8 10 (1.46%) Amazon EC2
8 10 (1.46%) SaaS
8 10 (1.46%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 9 (1.31%) Boomi
10 8 (1.17%) Amazon EKS
11 6 (0.87%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 6 (0.87%) Amazon S3
11 6 (0.87%) PaaS
12 5 (0.73%) AWS Lambda
12 5 (0.73%) Azure Active Directory
12 5 (0.73%) Cloud Computing
12 5 (0.73%) Datadog
12 5 (0.73%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 15 (2.19%) Firewall
2 11 (1.60%) DNS
2 11 (1.60%) HTTP
3 10 (1.46%) Internet
4 9 (1.31%) VPN
5 8 (1.17%) LAN
5 8 (1.17%) Skype
6 7 (1.02%) DHCP
7 6 (0.87%) TCP/IP
8 5 (0.73%) Network Security
8 5 (0.73%) WAN
9 4 (0.58%) BGP
9 4 (0.58%) Intrusion Detection
9 4 (0.58%) MPLS
9 4 (0.58%) OSPF
9 4 (0.58%) SAN
9 4 (0.58%) SSH
9 4 (0.58%) VLAN
9 4 (0.58%) Wireless
10 3 (0.44%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (8.16%) Big Data
2 44 (6.41%) Hadoop
3 35 (5.10%) Relational Database
4 31 (4.52%) SQL Server
5 27 (3.94%) NoSQL
6 26 (3.79%) MySQL
7 22 (3.21%) Power BI
8 18 (2.62%) Data Warehouse
9 16 (2.33%) Tableau
10 15 (2.19%) PostgreSQL
11 12 (1.75%) Apache Cassandra
11 12 (1.75%) Data Mining
11 12 (1.75%) MongoDB
12 11 (1.60%) Apache Hive
13 10 (1.46%) Amazon RDS
14 8 (1.17%) ArangoDB
14 8 (1.17%) Looker
14 8 (1.17%) RDBMS
15 7 (1.02%) Oracle Database
15 7 (1.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 45 (6.56%) Jenkins
2 44 (6.41%) Git (software)
3 23 (3.35%) JIRA
4 13 (1.90%) Maven
5 11 (1.60%) Axure RP
6 10 (1.46%) JUnit
7 9 (1.31%) Balsamiq
8 7 (1.02%) JMeter
8 7 (1.02%) Selenium
8 7 (1.02%) webpack
9 6 (0.87%) Ant
9 6 (0.87%) Cucumber
9 6 (0.87%) git-flow
9 6 (0.87%) Mockito
10 5 (0.73%) Gradle
11 4 (0.58%) Cypress.io
11 4 (0.58%) SoapUI
11 4 (0.58%) Visual Studio Team System
12 3 (0.44%) Team Foundation Server
12 3 (0.44%) TeamCity
General
1 201 (29.30%) Finance
2 102 (14.87%) Banking
3 60 (8.75%) Front Office
4 59 (8.60%) Marketing
5 45 (6.56%) Public Sector
6 44 (6.41%) Investment Banking
7 23 (3.35%) Retail
8 19 (2.77%) Legal
9 18 (2.62%) Telecoms
10 13 (1.90%) Manufacturing
11 12 (1.75%) Pharmaceutical
12 9 (1.31%) Advertising
13 8 (1.17%) Back Office
14 7 (1.02%) German Language
15 6 (0.87%) Danish Language
15 6 (0.87%) Financial Institution
15 6 (0.87%) French Language
15 6 (0.87%) Publishing
16 5 (0.73%) Electronics
17 4 (0.58%) Law
Job Titles
1 192 (27.99%) Developer
2 84 (12.24%) Analyst
3 57 (8.31%) Java Developer
4 44 (6.41%) Designer
5 38 (5.54%) Architect
6 33 (4.81%) UX Designer
7 30 (4.37%) Data Scientist
8 28 (4.08%) Consultant
8 28 (4.08%) Project Manager
9 25 (3.64%) UI Designer
10 24 (3.50%) React Developer
10 24 (3.50%) UI/UX Designer
11 23 (3.35%) Electronic Trading Developer
12 22 (3.21%) Python Developer
13 20 (2.92%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
13 20 (2.92%) Full Stack Developer
14 18 (2.62%) Data Analyst
14 18 (2.62%) Investment Banking Java Developer
14 18 (2.62%) Senior Developer
15 16 (2.33%) UI Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (12.39%) HTML
2 54 (7.87%) HTML5
3 53 (7.73%) .NET
3 53 (7.73%) CSS
4 38 (5.54%) React
4 38 (5.54%) Web Services
5 35 (5.10%) RESTful
6 34 (4.96%) AngularJS
6 34 (4.96%) Node.js
6 34 (4.96%) REST
7 32 (4.66%) Kafka
8 29 (4.23%) Spring
9 24 (3.50%) Redux
10 22 (3.21%) XML
11 18 (2.62%) .NET Core
12 17 (2.48%) GraphQL
13 16 (2.33%) CSS3
13 16 (2.33%) Middleware
14 15 (2.19%) .NET Framework
14 15 (2.19%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 139 (20.26%) Analytical Skills
2 68 (9.91%) User Experience
3 46 (6.71%) Management Information System
4 36 (5.25%) Algorithms
5 30 (4.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 27 (3.94%) Social Media
7 19 (2.77%) Fixed Income
8 17 (2.48%) Data Structures
8 17 (2.48%) Hedge funds
9 15 (2.19%) Derivative
9 15 (2.19%) Enterprise Software
9 15 (2.19%) Mobile App
10 12 (1.75%) Data Centre
11 11 (1.60%) Greenfield Project
11 11 (1.60%) W3C
12 9 (1.31%) Equities
12 9 (1.31%) Linux Command Line
12 9 (1.31%) Self-Motivation
13 8 (1.17%) Analytical Mindset
13 8 (1.17%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 61 (8.89%) Linux
2 51 (7.43%) Windows
3 34 (4.96%) Unix
4 19 (2.77%) Apple iOS
5 14 (2.04%) Android
6 10 (1.46%) Windows 10
7 7 (1.02%) Mac OS
7 7 (1.02%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 4 (0.58%) Windows 7
10 3 (0.44%) Windows Server 2008
10 3 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.29%) CentOS
11 2 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.15%) HPUX
12 1 (0.15%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.15%) Solaris
12 1 (0.15%) VMS
12 1 (0.15%) Windows 8
12 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 299 (43.59%) Computer Science
2 234 (34.11%) Agile Software Development
3 136 (19.83%) Problem-Solving
4 108 (15.74%) Project Management
5 105 (15.31%) Mathematics
6 91 (13.27%) Scrum
7 86 (12.54%) Analytics
8 76 (11.08%) Data Science
9 74 (10.79%) Software Engineering
10 55 (8.02%) DevOps
11 51 (7.43%) TDD
12 49 (7.14%) Decision-Making
12 49 (7.14%) Microservices
12 49 (7.14%) Statistics
13 48 (7.00%) SDLC
14 47 (6.85%) Risk Management
14 47 (6.85%) Stakeholder Management
15 44 (6.41%) ITIL
16 41 (5.98%) Business Intelligence
17 39 (5.69%) OO
Programming Languages
1 155 (22.59%) Python
2 146 (21.28%) Java
3 131 (19.10%) SQL
4 98 (14.29%) JavaScript
5 58 (8.45%) C#
6 33 (4.81%) C++
7 30 (4.37%) Scala
8 28 (4.08%) R
9 23 (3.35%) Kotlin
10 21 (3.06%) Java 8
11 16 (2.33%) PowerShell
11 16 (2.33%) TypeScript
11 16 (2.33%) VBA
12 12 (1.75%) Shell Script
13 11 (1.60%) ES6
14 10 (1.46%) Bash Shell
15 9 (1.31%) Perl
15 9 (1.31%) PL/SQL
15 9 (1.31%) Ruby
16 8 (1.17%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 166 (24.20%) Computer Science Degree
2 71 (10.35%) Master's Degree
3 57 (8.31%) Numerate Degree
4 30 (4.37%) CISSP
4 30 (4.37%) Security Cleared
5 27 (3.94%) PhD
6 21 (3.06%) SC Cleared
7 20 (2.92%) CISA
7 20 (2.92%) CISM
8 16 (2.33%) Cisco Certification
9 11 (1.60%) CCNA
10 10 (1.46%) PMI Certification
10 10 (1.46%) PMP
10 10 (1.46%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
11 9 (1.31%) CCIE
11 9 (1.31%) Microsoft Certification
12 8 (1.17%) CCNP
12 8 (1.17%) GIAC
13 7 (1.02%) ITIL Certification
13 7 (1.02%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (6.85%) QA
2 22 (3.21%) SLA
3 14 (2.04%) Data Quality
3 14 (2.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 14 (2.04%) PCI DSS
4 11 (1.60%) NIST
5 9 (1.31%) COBIT
5 9 (1.31%) PMO
6 8 (1.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 6 (0.87%) GDPR
7 6 (0.87%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 4 (0.58%) MiFID
9 3 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.29%) ISO 22301
10 2 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 2 (0.29%) NCSC
10 2 (0.29%) NIST 800
10 2 (0.29%) RMADS
11 1 (0.15%) CDISC
11 1 (0.15%) Good Clinical Practice
System Software
1 46 (6.71%) Docker
2 18 (2.62%) Active Directory
3 15 (2.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.73%) HDFS
4 5 (0.73%) vSphere
5 4 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.29%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.29%) KVM
6 2 (0.29%) Microsoft App-V
6 2 (0.29%) Oracle RAC
6 2 (0.29%) Squid
6 2 (0.29%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 2 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
6 2 (0.29%) Xen
7 1 (0.15%) DFS Replication
7 1 (0.15%) Firmware
7 1 (0.15%) XenApp
7 1 (0.15%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 44 (6.41%) Kubernetes
2 29 (4.23%) Terraform
3 9 (1.31%) Nagios
4 8 (1.17%) Ansible
5 7 (1.02%) SCCM
5 7 (1.02%) SCOM
6 6 (0.87%) Prometheus
7 5 (0.73%) Single Sign-On
8 4 (0.58%) Microsoft Intune
8 4 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
9 3 (0.44%) McAfee ePO
9 3 (0.44%) Puppet
9 3 (0.44%) WSUS
10 2 (0.29%) Backup Exec
10 2 (0.29%) Data Guard
10 2 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
10 2 (0.29%) HP SIM
10 2 (0.29%) NetBackup
10 2 (0.29%) Oracle RMAN
10 2 (0.29%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 85 (12.39%) Microsoft
2 50 (7.29%) Oracle
3 28 (4.08%) Adobe
4 27 (3.94%) Google
5 22 (3.21%) SAP
6 19 (2.77%) Databricks
6 19 (2.77%) Salesforce.com
7 17 (2.48%) VMware
8 15 (2.19%) Splunk
9 13 (1.90%) Bloomberg
9 13 (1.90%) StreamSets
10 12 (1.75%) Cisco
11 10 (1.46%) HP
12 8 (1.17%) Atlassian
12 8 (1.17%) IBM
12 8 (1.17%) ServiceNow
13 7 (1.02%) Citrix
13 7 (1.02%) Dell
14 6 (0.87%) Remedy
14 6 (0.87%) Talend