Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
England > London
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 59 60 55
Rank change year-on-year +1 -5 +4
Contract jobs citing Degree 1,566 757 1,376
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.16% 4.22% 4.62%
As % of the Qualifications category 27.46% 22.29% 25.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,011 484 930
10th Percentile £363 £277 £263
25th Percentile £463 £362 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £476 £500
Median % change year-on-year +15.55% -4.80% -
75th Percentile £675 £600 £625
90th Percentile £765 £700 £700
England median daily rate £530 £471 £450
% change year-on-year +12.47% +4.72% -5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 50 23 36
10th Percentile £26.25 £19.25 £25.00
25th Percentile £32.50 £26.65 £31.38
Median hourly rate £42.25 £27.00 £44.00
Median % change year-on-year +56.48% -38.64% +93.70%
75th Percentile £53.75 £46.57 £52.50
90th Percentile £62.85 £56.20 -
England median hourly rate £42.50 £37.97 £42.50
% change year-on-year +11.95% -10.67% +6.25%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 5,702 3,396 5,368
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 15.16% 18.94% 18.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,777 2,411 3,792
10th Percentile £360 £313 £300
25th Percentile £450 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £588 £600
90th Percentile £738 £675 £680
England median daily rate £525 £475 £465
% change year-on-year +10.53% +2.15% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 126 47 80
10th Percentile £18.00 £16.95 £18.46
25th Percentile £27.50 £24.56 £22.32
Median hourly rate £44.50 £36.00 £36.70
Median % change year-on-year +23.61% -1.91% +61.57%
75th Percentile £49.25 £54.50 £52.25
90th Percentile £59.69 £60.00 £53.00
England median hourly rate £38.50 £40.00 £31.75
% change year-on-year -3.75% +25.98% +20.00%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Daily rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the London region over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +2 219 £575 +27.78% 320
West London -7 47 £510 +2.00% 120
South London -4 11 £600 +60.00% 27
East London -10 7 £538 -6.52% 79
Degree
England

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Degree.

1 701 (44.76%) Social Skills
2 614 (39.21%) Agile Software Development
3 606 (38.70%) Computer Science
4 603 (38.51%) Finance
5 346 (22.09%) Computer Science Degree
6 333 (21.26%) Analytical Skills
7 292 (18.65%) Azure
8 282 (18.01%) Problem-Solving
9 270 (17.24%) SQL
9 270 (17.24%) Python
10 259 (16.54%) Analytics
11 258 (16.48%) Java
12 231 (14.75%) Project Management
13 212 (13.54%) AWS
14 210 (13.41%) DevOps
15 204 (13.03%) Microsoft
16 181 (11.56%) CI/CD
17 174 (11.11%) Mathematics
18 173 (11.05%) Banking
19 164 (10.47%) JavaScript
20 163 (10.41%) Presentation Skills
21 162 (10.34%) Software Engineering
22 156 (9.96%) Marketing
23 151 (9.64%) User Experience
24 149 (9.51%) Stakeholder Management
25 145 (9.26%) Scrum
26 139 (8.88%) C#
27 128 (8.17%) HTML
28 126 (8.05%) C++
29 122 (7.79%) Microsoft Excel

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (2.81%) SharePoint
2 42 (2.68%) Confluence
3 39 (2.49%) Apache Spark
4 21 (1.34%) CMS
5 19 (1.21%) SAS
6 18 (1.15%) IIS
7 15 (0.96%) Elasticsearch
8 14 (0.89%) Apache
9 8 (0.51%) Apache Airflow
10 7 (0.45%) Appian
11 6 (0.38%) Luigi
11 6 (0.38%) OpenStack
11 6 (0.38%) Skype for Business
12 5 (0.32%) Headless CMS
12 5 (0.32%) nginx
12 5 (0.32%) Tomcat
12 5 (0.32%) WebSphere
13 4 (0.26%) JBoss
13 4 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 4 (0.26%) WebLogic
Applications
1 122 (7.79%) Microsoft Excel
2 75 (4.79%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 70 (4.47%) Microsoft Office
4 23 (1.47%) MS Visio
5 18 (1.15%) Microsoft Project
6 15 (0.96%) Adobe Illustrator
7 14 (0.89%) Spreadsheet
8 12 (0.77%) Adobe XD
8 12 (0.77%) Photoshop
9 11 (0.70%) Sketch
10 5 (0.32%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 5 (0.32%) InVision
11 4 (0.26%) AutoCAD
11 4 (0.26%) Chatbot
11 4 (0.26%) SPSS
12 3 (0.19%) Adobe After Effects
12 3 (0.19%) Revit
12 3 (0.19%) Stata
13 2 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
13 2 (0.13%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 22 (1.40%) ION MarketView
2 14 (0.89%) NetSuite
2 14 (0.89%) SAP S/4HANA
3 6 (0.38%) Sentinel
4 5 (0.32%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 5 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
5 4 (0.26%) Murex MxG2000
5 4 (0.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 4 (0.26%) Workfront
6 3 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.19%) SAP CO
6 3 (0.19%) SAP FI
6 3 (0.19%) SAP FI/CO
7 2 (0.13%) Elite 3E
7 2 (0.13%) Eloqua
7 2 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
7 2 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.13%) SAP BPC
7 2 (0.13%) SAP PM
7 2 (0.13%) SimCorp Dimension
Cloud Services
1 292 (18.65%) Azure
2 212 (13.54%) AWS
3 83 (5.30%) GCP
4 76 (4.85%) Power Platform
5 54 (3.45%) SaaS
6 48 (3.07%) Microsoft 365
6 48 (3.07%) Serverless
7 45 (2.87%) GitHub
8 44 (2.81%) PaaS
9 39 (2.49%) IaaS
10 30 (1.92%) Cloud Computing
11 27 (1.72%) Azure Active Directory
12 20 (1.28%) AWS Lambda
13 19 (1.21%) Amazon S3
14 17 (1.09%) Adobe Analytics
14 17 (1.09%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 17 (1.09%) Azure Data Factory
14 17 (1.09%) Azure Functions
14 17 (1.09%) npm
14 17 (1.09%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 50 (3.19%) Network Security
2 38 (2.43%) DNS
3 29 (1.85%) Internet
3 29 (1.85%) TCP/IP
4 28 (1.79%) Firewall
5 26 (1.66%) WAN
6 24 (1.53%) DHCP
7 20 (1.28%) Wireless
8 18 (1.15%) LAN
8 18 (1.15%) VPN
9 16 (1.02%) SD-WAN
10 15 (0.96%) IPsec
11 14 (0.89%) FTP
12 13 (0.83%) SSL
12 13 (0.83%) Wi-Fi
13 11 (0.70%) HTTP
13 11 (0.70%) Kerberos
13 11 (0.70%) SAN
14 10 (0.64%) BGP
15 9 (0.57%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 82 (5.24%) SQL Server
2 72 (4.60%) Power BI
3 71 (4.53%) Tableau
4 60 (3.83%) Data Warehouse
4 60 (3.83%) NoSQL
5 48 (3.07%) Big Data
5 48 (3.07%) PostgreSQL
6 47 (3.00%) Relational Database
7 44 (2.81%) Hadoop
8 32 (2.04%) Data Lake
8 32 (2.04%) MySQL
9 27 (1.72%) Metadata
10 20 (1.28%) MongoDB
11 19 (1.21%) Data Mining
12 18 (1.15%) Apache Cassandra
13 17 (1.09%) RDBMS
13 17 (1.09%) Redis
14 16 (1.02%) QlikView
15 14 (0.89%) DB2
15 14 (0.89%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 101 (6.45%) Git (software)
2 87 (5.56%) JIRA
3 65 (4.15%) Jenkins
4 30 (1.92%) Selenium
5 29 (1.85%) Bitbucket
6 23 (1.47%) Maven
6 23 (1.47%) TeamCity
7 22 (1.40%) GitLab
8 17 (1.09%) Mocha
8 17 (1.09%) Subversion
9 14 (0.89%) JUnit
10 12 (0.77%) Cucumber
11 11 (0.70%) SpecFlow
12 10 (0.64%) JMeter
12 10 (0.64%) WebDriver
13 9 (0.57%) Axure RP
13 9 (0.57%) Cypress.io
13 9 (0.57%) Postman
14 8 (0.51%) Gradle
14 8 (0.51%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 701 (44.76%) Social Skills
2 603 (38.51%) Finance
3 333 (21.26%) Analytical Skills
4 173 (11.05%) Banking
5 163 (10.41%) Presentation Skills
6 156 (9.96%) Marketing
7 91 (5.81%) Front Office
8 79 (5.04%) Legal
9 73 (4.66%) Public Sector
10 61 (3.90%) Influencing Skills
11 56 (3.58%) Telecoms
12 52 (3.32%) Investment Banking
13 49 (3.13%) Retail
14 32 (2.04%) Back Office
14 32 (2.04%) Electronics
14 32 (2.04%) Manufacturing
15 31 (1.98%) Financial Institution
16 27 (1.72%) Publishing
17 26 (1.66%) Pharmaceutical
18 24 (1.53%) Billing
Job Titles
1 321 (20.50%) Developer
2 225 (14.37%) Analyst
3 164 (10.47%) Architect
4 98 (6.26%) Business Analyst
5 92 (5.87%) Java Developer
6 87 (5.56%) Designer
7 68 (4.34%) Project Manager
8 53 (3.38%) Senior Developer
9 47 (3.00%) Consultant
10 44 (2.81%) Solutions Architect
11 43 (2.75%) Data Engineer
11 43 (2.75%) Electronic Trading Developer
12 42 (2.68%) Data Analyst
12 42 (2.68%) UX Designer
13 39 (2.49%) Data Scientist
14 34 (2.17%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
15 33 (2.11%) Senior Analyst
16 32 (2.04%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 31 (1.98%) DevOps Engineer
18 30 (1.92%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 128 (8.17%) HTML
2 107 (6.83%) React
3 99 (6.32%) CSS
4 79 (5.04%) .NET
5 66 (4.21%) AngularJS
6 60 (3.83%) Node.js
7 58 (3.70%) RESTful
8 50 (3.19%) HTML5
8 50 (3.19%) REST
9 47 (3.00%) Kafka
10 42 (2.68%) JSON
11 40 (2.55%) Spring
12 38 (2.43%) Web Services
13 30 (1.92%) .NET Framework
14 26 (1.66%) Spring Boot
15 25 (1.60%) XML
16 23 (1.47%) Middleware
17 22 (1.40%) JNI
18 19 (1.21%) .NET Core
18 19 (1.21%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 151 (9.64%) User Experience
2 120 (7.66%) Management Information System
3 68 (4.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 66 (4.21%) Algorithms
5 53 (3.38%) Self-Motivation
6 49 (3.13%) Data Centre
7 35 (2.23%) Mobile App
8 33 (2.11%) Public Cloud
9 31 (1.98%) Virtual Team
10 28 (1.79%) Enterprise Software
11 27 (1.72%) Fixed Income
12 25 (1.60%) Data Structures
12 25 (1.60%) Social Media
13 23 (1.47%) Derivative
13 23 (1.47%) PMI
13 23 (1.47%) Renewable Energy
14 22 (1.40%) Data Protection Act
15 20 (1.28%) CMDB
16 19 (1.21%) Greenfield Project
17 16 (1.02%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 110 (7.02%) Windows
2 98 (6.26%) Linux
3 39 (2.49%) Unix
4 25 (1.60%) Apple iOS
5 22 (1.40%) Android
6 18 (1.15%) Windows 10
6 18 (1.15%) Windows Server
7 12 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 12 (0.77%) Windows Server 2012
8 10 (0.64%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.51%) Windows Server 2008
10 7 (0.45%) Mac OS X
11 6 (0.38%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.32%) tvOS
12 5 (0.32%) Windows 7
12 5 (0.32%) Windows Server 2019
13 3 (0.19%) Windows Server 2016
14 2 (0.13%) VMS
15 1 (0.064%) HPUX
15 1 (0.064%) OpenWrt
Processes & Methodologies
1 614 (39.21%) Agile Software Development
2 606 (38.70%) Computer Science
3 282 (18.01%) Problem-Solving
4 259 (16.54%) Analytics
5 231 (14.75%) Project Management
6 210 (13.41%) DevOps
7 181 (11.56%) CI/CD
8 174 (11.11%) Mathematics
9 162 (10.34%) Software Engineering
10 149 (9.51%) Stakeholder Management
11 145 (9.26%) Scrum
12 118 (7.54%) Business Intelligence
13 113 (7.22%) Decision-Making
14 112 (7.15%) Microservices
15 110 (7.02%) Test Automation
16 109 (6.96%) ITIL
16 109 (6.96%) Risk Management
17 107 (6.83%) Visualisation
18 106 (6.77%) SDLC
19 104 (6.64%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 270 (17.24%) Python
1 270 (17.24%) SQL
2 258 (16.48%) Java
3 164 (10.47%) JavaScript
4 139 (8.88%) C#
5 126 (8.05%) C++
6 74 (4.73%) C
7 51 (3.26%) TypeScript
8 49 (3.13%) PowerShell
9 42 (2.68%) R
10 27 (1.72%) Scala
11 26 (1.66%) Java 8
12 25 (1.60%) Bash
13 24 (1.53%) Kotlin
13 24 (1.53%) Perl
14 22 (1.40%) Ruby
15 17 (1.09%) Shell Script
16 15 (0.96%) Go
17 13 (0.83%) ES6
18 11 (0.70%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 346 (22.09%) Computer Science Degree
2 111 (7.09%) Master's Degree
3 57 (3.64%) CISSP
3 57 (3.64%) Numerate Degree
4 54 (3.45%) Security Cleared
5 49 (3.13%) PMI Certification
6 46 (2.94%) PMP
7 40 (2.55%) CISM
8 39 (2.49%) PhD
9 37 (2.36%) Cisco Certification
9 37 (2.36%) SC Cleared
10 34 (2.17%) Microsoft Certification
11 30 (1.92%) CISA
12 26 (1.66%) MBA
12 26 (1.66%) MCSE
13 25 (1.60%) CRISC
14 21 (1.34%) ISTQB
15 18 (1.15%) ITIL Certification
16 17 (1.09%) CCNA
17 14 (0.89%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (4.66%) QA
2 63 (4.02%) GDPR
3 52 (3.32%) Data Quality
4 38 (2.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 33 (2.11%) SLA
6 31 (1.98%) Accessibility
7 30 (1.92%) PMO
8 22 (1.40%) NIST
8 22 (1.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 20 (1.28%) GRC
10 16 (1.02%) COBIT
10 16 (1.02%) PCI DSS
11 10 (0.64%) IFRS
12 9 (0.57%) Cyber Essentials
12 9 (0.57%) NCSC
13 8 (0.51%) IFRS 9
14 6 (0.38%) FRS 29
15 5 (0.32%) Actionable Recommendations
16 4 (0.26%) ISO 22301
16 4 (0.26%) ITGC
System Software
1 103 (6.58%) Docker
2 60 (3.83%) Active Directory
3 31 (1.98%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.77%) Virtual Machines
5 10 (0.64%) VMware ESXi
5 10 (0.64%) vSphere
6 9 (0.57%) Firmware
7 6 (0.38%) HDFS
7 6 (0.38%) Microsoft App-V
8 5 (0.32%) NFS
9 4 (0.26%) VMware NSX
10 3 (0.19%) Hyper-V
10 3 (0.19%) Samba
10 3 (0.19%) VMware Workstation
11 2 (0.13%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 2 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 2 (0.13%) BitLocker
11 2 (0.13%) KVM
11 2 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.064%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 100 (6.39%) Kubernetes
2 65 (4.15%) Terraform
3 44 (2.81%) Ansible
4 19 (1.21%) Active Directory Federation Services
5 16 (1.02%) Single Sign-On
6 14 (0.89%) Prometheus
6 14 (0.89%) SCCM
7 13 (0.83%) Microsoft Intune
8 12 (0.77%) RSA Archer
9 10 (0.64%) Puppet
10 6 (0.38%) CASB
10 6 (0.38%) Grafana
10 6 (0.38%) Oozie
11 5 (0.32%) Nagios
11 5 (0.32%) Nessus
11 5 (0.32%) Opscode Chef
12 4 (0.26%) CSIRT
12 4 (0.26%) Kibana
13 3 (0.19%) Failover Clustering
13 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 204 (13.03%) Microsoft
2 80 (5.11%) Oracle
3 64 (4.09%) SAP
4 57 (3.64%) Google
5 53 (3.38%) Adobe
6 46 (2.94%) ServiceNow
7 40 (2.55%) Cisco
8 37 (2.36%) Databricks
8 37 (2.36%) VMware
9 33 (2.11%) Salesforce.com
10 27 (1.72%) ION Trading
11 25 (1.60%) Splunk
12 19 (1.21%) IBM
13 17 (1.09%) Qualys
14 15 (0.96%) Citrix
14 15 (0.96%) Red Hat
15 13 (0.83%) Apple
15 13 (0.83%) Cadence
15 13 (0.83%) MuleSoft
16 12 (0.77%) Sybase