Period
to 20 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 20 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
England > London
6 months to
20 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 53 50 55
Rank change year-on-year -3 +5 -10
Contract jobs citing Degree 605 1,834 2,078
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.61% 4.72% 4.52%
As % of the Qualifications category 21.75% 29.85% 28.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 418 1,214 1,344
Median daily rate £475 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £200 £275 £300
90th Percentile £675 £706 £688
England median daily rate £454 £475 £458
% change year-on-year -4.46% +3.83% +4.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 39 55
Median hourly rate £36.50 £36.50 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -5.19% +58.89%
10th Percentile £20.09 £11.05 £13.10
90th Percentile £55.00 £59.25 £57.50
England median hourly rate £35.00 £43.75 £39.25
% change year-on-year -20.00% +11.46% +22.66%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 2,782 6,145 7,400
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 21.19% 15.82% 16.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,757 4,045 4,789
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £313 £313 £282
90th Percentile £663 £694 £675
England median daily rate £475 £474 £450
% change year-on-year +0.26% +5.28% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 60 104 201
Median hourly rate £35.00 £33.84 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.42% +69.21% +5.26%
10th Percentile £18.45 £12.88 £14.00
90th Percentile £47.92 £53.75 £48.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.90 £24.00
% change year-on-year -2.51% +49.58% -12.73%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Daily rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the London region over the 6 months to 20 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +11 108 £450 -14.29% 202
West London +8 43 £475 +7.95% 42
East London +37 8 £425 -26.09% 29
South London +26 3 £375 -16.67% 13
North London +6 1 £200 -55.56% 3
Degree
England

For the 6 months to 20 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Degree.

1 268 (44.30%) Computer Science
2 190 (31.40%) Agile Software Development
3 185 (30.58%) Finance
4 150 (24.79%) Computer Science Degree
5 138 (22.81%) Analytical Skills
5 138 (22.81%) SQL
5 138 (22.81%) Python
6 136 (22.48%) Java
7 110 (18.18%) Problem-Solving
8 93 (15.37%) Banking
8 93 (15.37%) Mathematics
9 86 (14.21%) JavaScript
9 86 (14.21%) Project Management
10 81 (13.39%) Azure
11 77 (12.73%) C#
12 75 (12.40%) Master's Degree
13 70 (11.57%) HTML
14 69 (11.40%) Microsoft
15 66 (10.91%) .NET
16 64 (10.58%) Data Science
17 63 (10.41%) Scrum
18 61 (10.08%) Analytics
19 60 (9.92%) Big Data
20 59 (9.75%) Front Office
21 57 (9.42%) CSS
21 57 (9.42%) Marketing
22 55 (9.09%) Software Engineering
23 53 (8.76%) SQL Server
24 52 (8.60%) DevOps
25 51 (8.43%) Statistics

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (5.62%) Apache Spark
2 22 (3.64%) SharePoint
3 14 (2.31%) IIS
4 12 (1.98%) Tomcat
5 9 (1.49%) Apache
6 7 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
7 5 (0.83%) Confluence
7 5 (0.83%) SAS
7 5 (0.83%) WebSphere
8 4 (0.66%) NetWeaver
9 3 (0.50%) JBoss
9 3 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 2 (0.33%) Apache Airflow
10 2 (0.33%) Appian
10 2 (0.33%) BizTalk Server
10 2 (0.33%) IBM HTTP Server
10 2 (0.33%) OpenStack
10 2 (0.33%) Skype for Business
10 2 (0.33%) WebLogic
11 1 (0.17%) GlassFish
Applications
1 38 (6.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (5.45%) Microsoft Office
3 22 (3.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 15 (2.48%) Sketch
5 11 (1.82%) InVision
6 10 (1.65%) Adobe Illustrator
7 9 (1.49%) Adobe XD
8 8 (1.32%) Microsoft Project
8 8 (1.32%) MS Visio
9 5 (0.83%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 4 (0.66%) Figma
10 4 (0.66%) Zeplin
11 3 (0.50%) Photoshop
12 2 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
13 1 (0.17%) Blender
13 1 (0.17%) Flinto
13 1 (0.17%) LibreOffice
13 1 (0.17%) Marvel
13 1 (0.17%) Maya
13 1 (0.17%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 9 (1.49%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 5 (0.83%) Lawson
3 4 (0.66%) Distributed Ledger
3 4 (0.66%) SAP BPC
3 4 (0.66%) Sentinel
3 4 (0.66%) thinkFolio
4 3 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.50%) Sprinklr
5 2 (0.33%) Endur
5 2 (0.33%) Maximo
5 2 (0.33%) SAP CO
5 2 (0.33%) SAP FI
5 2 (0.33%) SAP FI/CO
5 2 (0.33%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 2 (0.33%) Workfront
6 1 (0.17%) Eloqua
6 1 (0.17%) Oracle AML
6 1 (0.17%) SAP PM
6 1 (0.17%) SessionCam
6 1 (0.17%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 81 (13.39%) Azure
2 51 (8.43%) AWS
3 23 (3.80%) GCP
4 16 (2.64%) Power Platform
4 16 (2.64%) Serverless
5 12 (1.98%) GitHub
6 10 (1.65%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 9 (1.49%) Amazon EC2
7 9 (1.49%) Amazon EKS
7 9 (1.49%) Office 365
8 8 (1.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 8 (1.32%) Datadog
8 8 (1.32%) PaaS
8 8 (1.32%) SaaS
9 7 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
10 6 (0.99%) npm
11 5 (0.83%) Boomi
11 5 (0.83%) IaaS
11 5 (0.83%) SuccessFactors
12 4 (0.66%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 14 (2.31%) Internet
2 11 (1.82%) DNS
2 11 (1.82%) Firewall
3 9 (1.49%) VPN
4 5 (0.83%) DHCP
4 5 (0.83%) LAN
4 5 (0.83%) Network Security
4 5 (0.83%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.83%) Wireless
5 4 (0.66%) HTTP
5 4 (0.66%) Skype
5 4 (0.66%) SSH
5 4 (0.66%) WAN
6 3 (0.50%) Broadband
6 3 (0.50%) FTP
6 3 (0.50%) Intranet
6 3 (0.50%) VoIP
6 3 (0.50%) Wi-Fi
7 2 (0.33%) DMZ
7 2 (0.33%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (9.92%) Big Data
2 53 (8.76%) SQL Server
3 33 (5.45%) Hadoop
3 33 (5.45%) MySQL
3 33 (5.45%) Relational Database
4 27 (4.46%) NoSQL
5 19 (3.14%) Data Warehouse
6 18 (2.98%) PostgreSQL
7 16 (2.64%) Power BI
8 15 (2.48%) MongoDB
8 15 (2.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 13 (2.15%) Apache Cassandra
10 12 (1.98%) Data Mining
11 11 (1.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 9 (1.49%) Amazon RDS
13 8 (1.32%) ArangoDB
14 7 (1.16%) Apache Hive
14 7 (1.16%) DB2
14 7 (1.16%) Looker
14 7 (1.16%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 44 (7.27%) Git (software)
2 28 (4.63%) Jenkins
3 14 (2.31%) JIRA
4 13 (2.15%) Maven
5 9 (1.49%) JUnit
6 8 (1.32%) Axure RP
6 8 (1.32%) Cypress.io
6 8 (1.32%) Selenium
7 7 (1.16%) Balsamiq
7 7 (1.16%) Cucumber
8 6 (0.99%) GitLab
8 6 (0.99%) Visual Studio
9 4 (0.66%) Ant
10 3 (0.50%) JMeter
10 3 (0.50%) Mocha
10 3 (0.50%) SoapUI
10 3 (0.50%) Subversion
10 3 (0.50%) TeamCity
10 3 (0.50%) Visual Studio Team System
11 2 (0.33%) VersionOne
General
1 185 (30.58%) Finance
2 93 (15.37%) Banking
3 59 (9.75%) Front Office
4 57 (9.42%) Marketing
5 45 (7.44%) Investment Banking
6 44 (7.27%) Public Sector
7 16 (2.64%) Retail
8 13 (2.15%) Legal
9 12 (1.98%) Back Office
10 11 (1.82%) German Language
10 11 (1.82%) Telecoms
11 9 (1.49%) Financial Institution
11 9 (1.49%) Manufacturing
12 7 (1.16%) Advertising
12 7 (1.16%) Danish Language
12 7 (1.16%) Local Government
12 7 (1.16%) Pharmaceutical
12 7 (1.16%) Publishing
13 5 (0.83%) French Language
13 5 (0.83%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 183 (30.25%) Developer
2 76 (12.56%) Analyst
3 48 (7.93%) Java Developer
4 34 (5.62%) Designer
5 31 (5.12%) Consultant
6 30 (4.96%) Data Scientist
7 27 (4.46%) Architect
8 25 (4.13%) C# Developer
9 24 (3.97%) Python Developer
10 22 (3.64%) Data Analyst
11 19 (3.14%) Project Manager
11 19 (3.14%) Senior Developer
12 17 (2.81%) React Developer
12 17 (2.81%) UX Designer
13 16 (2.64%) Electronic Trading Developer
14 15 (2.48%) Azure Developer
15 14 (2.31%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
15 14 (2.31%) Full Stack Developer
16 13 (2.15%) Investment Banking Java Developer
17 12 (1.98%) C# Developer - Commodities
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 70 (11.57%) HTML
2 66 (10.91%) .NET
3 57 (9.42%) CSS
4 35 (5.79%) HTML5
5 34 (5.62%) Kafka
6 30 (4.96%) Web Services
7 28 (4.63%) React
7 28 (4.63%) REST
8 24 (3.97%) RESTful
9 21 (3.47%) AngularJS
10 19 (3.14%) Node.js
11 18 (2.98%) .NET Core
12 17 (2.81%) .NET Framework
12 17 (2.81%) Redux
13 16 (2.64%) Spring
13 16 (2.64%) Velocity
14 15 (2.48%) XML
15 14 (2.31%) ASP.NET Web API
16 13 (2.15%) JSON
17 11 (1.82%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 138 (22.81%) Analytical Skills
2 44 (7.27%) Management Information System
3 42 (6.94%) User Experience
4 35 (5.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 32 (5.29%) Algorithms
6 27 (4.46%) Social Media
7 19 (3.14%) Fixed Income
8 18 (2.98%) Derivative
9 13 (2.15%) Self-Motivation
10 12 (1.98%) Hedge funds
10 12 (1.98%) Linux Command Line
11 11 (1.82%) Data Structures
11 11 (1.82%) Mobile App
11 11 (1.82%) Virtual Team
12 10 (1.65%) Analytical Mindset
12 10 (1.65%) Greenfield Project
12 10 (1.65%) PKI
13 8 (1.32%) Blog
13 8 (1.32%) Data Centre
14 7 (1.16%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 45 (7.44%) Linux
2 32 (5.29%) Unix
3 29 (4.79%) Windows
4 13 (2.15%) Apple iOS
5 12 (1.98%) Android
6 5 (0.83%) Mac OS
6 5 (0.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 5 (0.83%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.66%) Windows 10
8 3 (0.50%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.33%) CentOS
9 2 (0.33%) Windows 7
9 2 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.17%) Windows 8
10 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 268 (44.30%) Computer Science
2 190 (31.40%) Agile Software Development
3 110 (18.18%) Problem-Solving
4 93 (15.37%) Mathematics
5 86 (14.21%) Project Management
6 64 (10.58%) Data Science
7 63 (10.41%) Scrum
8 61 (10.08%) Analytics
9 55 (9.09%) Software Engineering
10 52 (8.60%) DevOps
11 51 (8.43%) Statistics
12 45 (7.44%) Business Intelligence
13 42 (6.94%) ITIL
14 41 (6.78%) OO
15 40 (6.61%) Data Analysis
15 40 (6.61%) Risk Management
15 40 (6.61%) SDLC
16 39 (6.45%) Microservices
16 39 (6.45%) TDD
17 37 (6.12%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 138 (22.81%) Python
1 138 (22.81%) SQL
2 136 (22.48%) Java
3 86 (14.21%) JavaScript
4 77 (12.73%) C#
5 33 (5.45%) C++
6 28 (4.63%) R
7 24 (3.97%) VBA
8 21 (3.47%) Scala
9 18 (2.98%) Shell Script
10 14 (2.31%) Bash Shell
11 13 (2.15%) PowerShell
12 12 (1.98%) Java 8
12 12 (1.98%) Ruby
13 10 (1.65%) T-SQL
14 9 (1.49%) Kotlin
14 9 (1.49%) PHP
15 8 (1.32%) ABAP
15 8 (1.32%) Perl
16 7 (1.16%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 150 (24.79%) Computer Science Degree
2 75 (12.40%) Master's Degree
3 42 (6.94%) Numerate Degree
4 35 (5.79%) CISSP
4 35 (5.79%) Security Cleared
5 27 (4.46%) SC Cleared
6 20 (3.31%) CISA
7 18 (2.98%) CISM
8 17 (2.81%) PhD
9 12 (1.98%) PMI Certification
10 11 (1.82%) Cisco Certification
10 11 (1.82%) PMP
11 9 (1.49%) CCNA
12 8 (1.32%) GIAC
13 7 (1.16%) CCIE
13 7 (1.16%) CCNP
13 7 (1.16%) ITIL Certification
13 7 (1.16%) Postgraduate
14 6 (0.99%) CLAS
15 5 (0.83%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (7.60%) QA
2 20 (3.31%) SLA
3 15 (2.48%) PCI DSS
4 14 (2.31%) Data Quality
5 11 (1.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (1.49%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 7 (1.16%) GDPR
7 7 (1.16%) NIST
8 6 (0.99%) PMO
9 5 (0.83%) COBIT
9 5 (0.83%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 3 (0.50%) MiFID
11 1 (0.17%) CDISC
11 1 (0.17%) EMIR
11 1 (0.17%) GAAP
11 1 (0.17%) Good Clinical Practice
11 1 (0.17%) GxP
11 1 (0.17%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.17%) NCSC
11 1 (0.17%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 46 (7.60%) Docker
2 17 (2.81%) Active Directory
3 10 (1.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.50%) HDFS
4 3 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.33%) KVM
5 2 (0.33%) Microsoft App-V
5 2 (0.33%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.33%) Squid
5 2 (0.33%) Virtual Desktop
5 2 (0.33%) Virtual Servers
5 2 (0.33%) Xen
6 1 (0.17%) Firmware
6 1 (0.17%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.17%) vSphere
6 1 (0.17%) XenApp
6 1 (0.17%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 34 (5.62%) Kubernetes
2 15 (2.48%) Terraform
3 11 (1.82%) Nagios
4 6 (0.99%) Single Sign-On
5 5 (0.83%) Ansible
5 5 (0.83%) Forefront Identity Manager
6 4 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
6 4 (0.66%) Puppet
7 3 (0.50%) Grafana
7 3 (0.50%) HP Quality Center
7 3 (0.50%) Kibana
8 2 (0.33%) Backup Exec
8 2 (0.33%) Data Guard
8 2 (0.33%) Nessus
8 2 (0.33%) Oracle RMAN
8 2 (0.33%) Packer
8 2 (0.33%) Prometheus
8 2 (0.33%) QRadar
8 2 (0.33%) Rancher
8 2 (0.33%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 69 (11.40%) Microsoft
2 42 (6.94%) Oracle
3 25 (4.13%) SAP
4 21 (3.47%) Tableau
5 19 (3.14%) Databricks
5 19 (3.14%) Salesforce.com
6 18 (2.98%) Adobe
6 18 (2.98%) Splunk
6 18 (2.98%) StreamSets
7 17 (2.81%) Google
8 13 (2.15%) Bloomberg
8 13 (2.15%) Cisco
9 10 (1.65%) VMware
10 8 (1.32%) ServiceNow
11 6 (0.99%) IBM
11 6 (0.99%) Infor
12 5 (0.83%) Citrix
12 5 (0.83%) Dell
12 5 (0.83%) Maconomy
12 5 (0.83%) Red Hat