Period
to 30 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 30 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
England > London
6 months to
30 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 54 56 44
Rank change year-on-year +2 -12 -5
Contract jobs citing Degree 1,165 1,977 2,355
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.54% 4.61% 5.02%
As % of the Qualifications category 24.44% 27.99% 28.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 754 1,325 1,556
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £300 £258 £263
90th Percentile £698 £688 £688
England median daily rate £450 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 46 84
Median hourly rate £35.85 £35.50 £27.16
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.99% +30.71% -1.24%
10th Percentile £24.18 £17.89 £15.58
90th Percentile £53.68 £115.00 £57.50
England median hourly rate £35.00 £38.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year -9.09% +10.00% +16.67%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 4,766 7,063 8,231
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 18.55% 16.46% 17.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,126 4,502 5,349
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £303 £298 £263
90th Percentile £675 £688 £675
England median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 99 147 230
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +62.79% -21.82%
10th Percentile £20.25 £13.00 £14.00
90th Percentile £52.60 £57.66 £48.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £23.50
% change year-on-year +16.67% +27.66% -16.30%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Daily rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 30 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 30 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the London region over the 6 months to 30 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +7 250 £475 -5.00% 228
West London -5 60 £521 +48.93% 111
East London +12 23 £450 -14.29% 62
South London +7 18 £500 +13.64% 36
North London +14 2 £375 +7.14% 14
Degree
England

For the 6 months to 30 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Degree.

1 488 (41.89%) Computer Science
2 387 (33.22%) Agile Software Development
3 315 (27.04%) Finance
4 263 (22.58%) Computer Science Degree
5 230 (19.74%) Java
6 225 (19.31%) Analytical Skills
7 199 (17.08%) Python
8 191 (16.39%) Problem-Solving
9 190 (16.31%) SQL
10 182 (15.62%) Mathematics
11 159 (13.65%) JavaScript
12 156 (13.39%) Azure
13 146 (12.53%) C#
14 142 (12.19%) Microsoft
15 137 (11.76%) DevOps
16 127 (10.90%) HTML
16 127 (10.90%) Banking
17 126 (10.82%) Project Management
18 119 (10.21%) AWS
18 119 (10.21%) Software Engineering
19 111 (9.53%) Analytics
20 110 (9.44%) User Experience
21 108 (9.27%) Git (software)
22 107 (9.18%) Master's Degree
23 105 (9.01%) Scrum
24 99 (8.50%) Web Services
25 93 (7.98%) CSS
25 93 (7.98%) Big Data
26 91 (7.81%) Front Office
27 90 (7.73%) Machine Learning

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (4.12%) Apache Spark
2 24 (2.06%) Confluence
3 23 (1.97%) SharePoint
4 19 (1.63%) Jupyter
5 18 (1.55%) Elasticsearch
6 15 (1.29%) SAS
7 14 (1.20%) CMS
7 14 (1.20%) WebLogic
8 12 (1.03%) IIS
9 11 (0.94%) WebSphere
10 9 (0.77%) Apache
11 8 (0.69%) MS Exchange
12 7 (0.60%) Tomcat
13 6 (0.52%) DNN
14 5 (0.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 5 (0.43%) Skype for Business
15 4 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
15 4 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2010
15 4 (0.34%) Magnolia
15 4 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 86 (7.38%) Microsoft Excel
2 51 (4.38%) Microsoft Office
3 37 (3.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 22 (1.89%) Sketch
5 15 (1.29%) InVision
6 13 (1.12%) Microsoft Project
7 10 (0.86%) Adobe Illustrator
8 8 (0.69%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 8 (0.69%) Adobe XD
9 7 (0.60%) MS Visio
10 6 (0.52%) Chatbot
10 6 (0.52%) Spreadsheet
11 5 (0.43%) Photoshop
12 3 (0.26%) OmniGraffle
12 3 (0.26%) SPSS
13 2 (0.17%) Stata
14 1 (0.086%) 3ds Max
14 1 (0.086%) AutoCAD
14 1 (0.086%) Blender
14 1 (0.086%) Maya
Business Applications
1 8 (0.69%) NetSuite
2 7 (0.60%) Distributed Ledger
2 7 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.43%) FINCAD Analytics
4 4 (0.34%) BusinessWorks
4 4 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.34%) Elite 3E
4 4 (0.34%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 4 (0.34%) thinkFolio
5 3 (0.26%) SAP HR
5 3 (0.26%) Sprinklr
6 2 (0.17%) Eloqua
6 2 (0.17%) JDE OneWorld
6 2 (0.17%) Magento
6 2 (0.17%) Oracle EBS R12
6 2 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.086%) Primavera
7 1 (0.086%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.086%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 156 (13.39%) Azure
2 119 (10.21%) AWS
3 65 (5.58%) GCP
4 48 (4.12%) SaaS
5 37 (3.18%) Office 365
6 35 (3.00%) GitHub
7 32 (2.75%) PaaS
8 30 (2.58%) IaaS
9 27 (2.32%) Power Platform
10 22 (1.89%) Cloud Computing
11 16 (1.37%) OpenShift
12 14 (1.20%) Serverless
13 12 (1.03%) AWS Lambda
14 11 (0.94%) Salesforce Service Cloud
15 10 (0.86%) Amazon S3
16 9 (0.77%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
16 9 (0.77%) Stackdriver
17 8 (0.69%) Amazon EKS
17 8 (0.69%) Amazon SQS
17 8 (0.69%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 36 (3.09%) Firewall
2 22 (1.89%) HTTP
3 20 (1.72%) Network Security
4 19 (1.63%) DNS
4 19 (1.63%) LAN
5 18 (1.55%) Internet
5 18 (1.55%) WAN
6 17 (1.46%) VPN
7 13 (1.12%) DHCP
8 11 (0.94%) Wireless
9 10 (0.86%) TCP/IP
9 10 (0.86%) VoIP
10 9 (0.77%) 4G
10 9 (0.77%) WLAN
11 8 (0.69%) 3G
11 8 (0.69%) BGP
11 8 (0.69%) Intrusion Detection
12 7 (0.60%) 2G
12 7 (0.60%) Cisco ASA
12 7 (0.60%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 93 (7.98%) Big Data
2 85 (7.30%) SQL Server
3 33 (2.83%) Relational Database
4 30 (2.58%) Hadoop
4 30 (2.58%) NoSQL
5 27 (2.32%) Power BI
6 26 (2.23%) MongoDB
7 25 (2.15%) Data Warehouse
7 25 (2.15%) MySQL
8 18 (1.55%) Oracle Database
9 17 (1.46%) Data Mining
9 17 (1.46%) PostgreSQL
10 16 (1.37%) Apache Cassandra
11 13 (1.12%) Amazon Redshift
12 12 (1.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 11 (0.94%) Redis
14 8 (0.69%) Amazon RDS
14 8 (0.69%) QlikView
15 7 (0.60%) Blockchain
15 7 (0.60%) Flink
Development Applications
1 108 (9.27%) Git (software)
2 71 (6.09%) JIRA
3 67 (5.75%) Jenkins
4 33 (2.83%) Maven
5 19 (1.63%) JUnit
6 16 (1.37%) TeamCity
7 15 (1.29%) Octopus Deploy
8 13 (1.12%) Team Foundation Server
9 12 (1.03%) git-flow
9 12 (1.03%) Selenium
10 11 (0.94%) Axure RP
10 11 (0.94%) Bitbucket
10 11 (0.94%) Mockito
11 10 (0.86%) Ant
11 10 (0.86%) JMeter
12 9 (0.77%) Balsamiq
12 9 (0.77%) Gradle
12 9 (0.77%) Subversion
13 8 (0.69%) Cucumber
13 8 (0.69%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 315 (27.04%) Finance
2 127 (10.90%) Banking
3 91 (7.81%) Front Office
4 75 (6.44%) Marketing
5 51 (4.38%) Investment Banking
6 47 (4.03%) Public Sector
7 33 (2.83%) Publishing
7 33 (2.83%) Telecoms
8 26 (2.23%) Retail
9 23 (1.97%) Back Office
9 23 (1.97%) Legal
10 20 (1.72%) Financial Institution
10 20 (1.72%) Games
11 16 (1.37%) Advertising
12 14 (1.20%) Pharmaceutical
13 13 (1.12%) Law
14 11 (0.94%) German Language
15 9 (0.77%) Billing
15 9 (0.77%) Manufacturing
16 8 (0.69%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 302 (25.92%) Developer
2 137 (11.76%) Analyst
3 76 (6.52%) C# Developer
4 65 (5.58%) Java Developer
5 62 (5.32%) Architect
6 50 (4.29%) Consultant
7 49 (4.21%) Project Manager
8 41 (3.52%) Data Scientist
9 40 (3.43%) Designer
10 39 (3.35%) Business Analyst
11 38 (3.26%) Software Engineer
12 33 (2.83%) Python Developer
13 32 (2.75%) User Researcher
14 28 (2.40%) Front Office Developer
15 27 (2.32%) Java Engineer
15 27 (2.32%) Senior Developer
15 27 (2.32%) Support Engineer
16 25 (2.15%) Data Analyst
16 25 (2.15%) DevOps Engineer
17 24 (2.06%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 127 (10.90%) HTML
2 99 (8.50%) Web Services
3 93 (7.98%) CSS
4 80 (6.87%) React
5 78 (6.70%) .NET
6 68 (5.84%) AngularJS
6 68 (5.84%) XML
7 56 (4.81%) RESTful
8 54 (4.64%) REST
9 50 (4.29%) HTML5
10 47 (4.03%) Kafka
11 46 (3.95%) Spring
12 41 (3.52%) JSON
13 33 (2.83%) TensorFlow
14 32 (2.75%) Node.js
15 27 (2.32%) Pandas
16 26 (2.23%) jQuery
17 23 (1.97%) SciPy
18 21 (1.80%) SOAP
19 19 (1.63%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 225 (19.31%) Analytical Skills
2 110 (9.44%) User Experience
3 63 (5.41%) Management Information System
4 54 (4.64%) Algorithms
5 51 (4.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 47 (4.03%) Greenfield Project
7 32 (2.75%) Hedge funds
7 32 (2.75%) Mobile App
8 30 (2.58%) Data Centre
8 30 (2.58%) Enterprise Software
9 29 (2.49%) Data Structures
9 29 (2.49%) Self-Motivation
10 25 (2.15%) Social Media
11 24 (2.06%) Public Cloud
12 20 (1.72%) Derivative
13 18 (1.55%) Virtual Team
14 15 (1.29%) Fixed Income
15 13 (1.12%) Video\Live Streaming
16 11 (0.94%) Credit Risk
16 11 (0.94%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 88 (7.55%) Linux
2 79 (6.78%) Windows
3 36 (3.09%) Unix
4 29 (2.49%) Android
5 24 (2.06%) Apple iOS
6 23 (1.97%) Windows Server
7 17 (1.46%) Windows 10
8 12 (1.03%) Windows Server 2008
9 11 (0.94%) Windows 7
10 10 (0.86%) Windows Server 2012
11 9 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 4 (0.34%) Mac OS
12 4 (0.34%) Windows Server 2003
13 3 (0.26%) CentOS
13 3 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
14 2 (0.17%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.17%) Ubuntu
14 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2016
15 1 (0.086%) Windows 8
15 1 (0.086%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 488 (41.89%) Computer Science
2 387 (33.22%) Agile Software Development
3 191 (16.39%) Problem-Solving
4 182 (15.62%) Mathematics
5 137 (11.76%) DevOps
6 126 (10.82%) Project Management
7 119 (10.21%) Software Engineering
8 111 (9.53%) Analytics
9 105 (9.01%) Scrum
10 90 (7.73%) Machine Learning
11 88 (7.55%) Microservices
12 86 (7.38%) TDD
13 85 (7.30%) Stakeholder Management
14 82 (7.04%) Continuous Integration
15 80 (6.87%) OO
16 79 (6.78%) Data Science
17 72 (6.18%) Continuous Improvement
18 71 (6.09%) Open Source
19 68 (5.84%) Multithreading
19 68 (5.84%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 230 (19.74%) Java
2 199 (17.08%) Python
3 190 (16.31%) SQL
4 159 (13.65%) JavaScript
5 146 (12.53%) C#
6 50 (4.29%) C++
7 40 (3.43%) Scala
8 39 (3.35%) R
9 32 (2.75%) TypeScript
10 29 (2.49%) C
11 27 (2.32%) Java 8
12 22 (1.89%) PowerShell
13 20 (1.72%) T-SQL
13 20 (1.72%) VBA
14 18 (1.55%) Kotlin
14 18 (1.55%) PHP
15 15 (1.29%) Shell Script
16 14 (1.20%) PL/SQL
17 13 (1.12%) Ruby
18 12 (1.03%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 263 (22.58%) Computer Science Degree
2 107 (9.18%) Master's Degree
3 36 (3.09%) Numerate Degree
3 36 (3.09%) Security Cleared
4 34 (2.92%) PhD
5 30 (2.58%) CISSP
5 30 (2.58%) PMI Certification
6 25 (2.15%) SC Cleared
7 24 (2.06%) Microsoft Certification
7 24 (2.06%) PMP
8 21 (1.80%) Cisco Certification
9 19 (1.63%) CISM
10 12 (1.03%) MBA
10 12 (1.03%) MCP
11 11 (0.94%) MCSE
12 10 (0.86%) GIAC
12 10 (0.86%) ISTQB
13 8 (0.69%) CISA
14 7 (0.60%) CRISC
14 7 (0.60%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 80 (6.87%) QA
2 20 (1.72%) SLA
3 18 (1.55%) PMO
4 16 (1.37%) GDPR
4 16 (1.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 11 (0.94%) Data Quality
6 10 (0.86%) NIST
7 8 (0.69%) PCI DSS
8 6 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 5 (0.43%) COBIT
9 5 (0.43%) IFRS
9 5 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 5 (0.43%) NCSC
9 5 (0.43%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 4 (0.34%) HL7
11 3 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
11 3 (0.26%) GAAP
12 2 (0.17%) Actionable Recommendations
12 2 (0.17%) GxP
12 2 (0.17%) HIPAA
System Software
1 75 (6.44%) Docker
2 40 (3.43%) Active Directory
3 19 (1.63%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (0.77%) vSphere
5 8 (0.69%) VMware ESXi
6 6 (0.52%) XenApp
7 5 (0.43%) XenDesktop
8 4 (0.34%) Hyper-V
9 3 (0.26%) NFS
10 2 (0.17%) HDFS
10 2 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
10 2 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.086%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 1 (0.086%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.086%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.086%) DFS Replication
11 1 (0.086%) etcd
11 1 (0.086%) Microsoft App-V
11 1 (0.086%) Terminal Server
11 1 (0.086%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 68 (5.84%) Kubernetes
2 40 (3.43%) Ansible
3 27 (2.32%) Terraform
4 13 (1.12%) Puppet
5 12 (1.03%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (0.86%) SCCM
7 5 (0.43%) Control-M
8 4 (0.34%) Backup Exec
8 4 (0.34%) Kubeflow
8 4 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
9 3 (0.26%) Grafana
9 3 (0.26%) Kibana
9 3 (0.26%) Nagios
9 3 (0.26%) Packer
9 3 (0.26%) QRadar
10 2 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
10 2 (0.17%) logstash
10 2 (0.17%) Norton AntiVirus
10 2 (0.17%) NSN NetAct
10 2 (0.17%) SCOM
Vendors
1 142 (12.19%) Microsoft
2 77 (6.61%) Oracle
3 68 (5.84%) Google
4 34 (2.92%) Adobe
5 33 (2.83%) Salesforce.com
6 31 (2.66%) SAP
7 27 (2.32%) Cisco
8 24 (2.06%) Tableau
8 24 (2.06%) VMware
9 22 (1.89%) Splunk
10 17 (1.46%) Citrix
11 15 (1.29%) Bloomberg
12 14 (1.20%) Atlassian
13 12 (1.03%) Red Hat
13 12 (1.03%) ServiceNow
14 11 (0.94%) Dell
14 11 (0.94%) Teradata
15 10 (0.86%) HP
16 8 (0.69%) Cadence
16 8 (0.69%) EMC