Period
to 19 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 19 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
England > London
6 months to
19 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 52 54 44
Rank change year-on-year +2 -10 -2
Contract jobs citing Degree 1,809 2,086 2,153
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.57% 4.58% 5.00%
As % of the Qualifications category 29.28% 27.91% 29.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,185 1,305 1,434
London median daily rate £503 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £300 £283 £300
90th Percentile £705 £688 £675
England median daily rate £475 £450 £445
% change year-on-year +5.56% +1.12% +5.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 48 54 51
London median hourly rate £41.17 £36.54 £24.23
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.68% +50.80% +21.15%
10th Percentile £11.58 £16.25 £13.30
90th Percentile £85.00 £57.50 £47.50
England median hourly rate £43.71 £36.13 £31.75
% change year-on-year +20.98% +13.78% +13.39%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 6,179 7,475 7,307
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 15.61% 16.42% 16.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,027 4,808 4,785
London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £281 £300
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £450 £430
% change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +3.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 109 207 155
London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% - +9.20%
10th Percentile £12.35 £14.25 £13.33
90th Percentile £60.25 £48.20 £50.00
England median hourly rate £35.75 £22.66 £29.00
% change year-on-year +57.77% -21.86% +9.43%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Degree in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 19 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 19 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the London region over the 6 months to 19 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -7 356 £525 +5.00% 313
West London +19 121 £450 +5.88% 161
East London -3 30 £550 - 67
South London -19 23 £450 -18.18% 36
North London +6 10 £450 -5.26% 21
Degree
England

For the 6 months to 19 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Degree.

1 679 (37.53%) Computer Science
2 631 (34.88%) Agile Software Development
3 624 (34.49%) Finance
4 366 (20.23%) SQL
5 355 (19.62%) Computer Science Degree
6 328 (18.13%) Analytical Skills
7 307 (16.97%) Java
8 300 (16.58%) Python
9 257 (14.21%) JavaScript
10 242 (13.38%) Microsoft
10 242 (13.38%) Mathematics
10 242 (13.38%) Problem-Solving
11 238 (13.16%) Analytics
12 226 (12.49%) Banking
13 224 (12.38%) Project Management
14 194 (10.72%) Microsoft Azure
15 190 (10.50%) Scrum
16 182 (10.06%) HTML
17 177 (9.78%) DevOps
18 175 (9.67%) User Experience
19 174 (9.62%) Amazon AWS
20 165 (9.12%) Marketing
21 160 (8.84%) TDD
22 157 (8.68%) Software Engineering
22 157 (8.68%) Linux
23 154 (8.51%) Windows
23 154 (8.51%) C#
24 152 (8.40%) Master's Degree
25 150 (8.29%) Data Science
26 148 (8.18%) CSS

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (4.31%) Apache Spark
2 59 (3.26%) Confluence
3 53 (2.93%) SharePoint
4 43 (2.38%) Elasticsearch
5 40 (2.21%) SAS
6 27 (1.49%) Apache
7 24 (1.33%) Skype for Business
8 18 (1.00%) CMS
8 18 (1.00%) MS Exchange
9 17 (0.94%) IIS
10 9 (0.50%) BizTalk Server
11 7 (0.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 7 (0.39%) Tomcat
12 6 (0.33%) Appian
12 6 (0.33%) ArcGIS
12 6 (0.33%) IBM HTTP Server
12 6 (0.33%) nginx
12 6 (0.33%) SharePoint Server
13 5 (0.28%) Apache Solr
14 4 (0.22%) WebSphere
Applications
1 136 (7.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 113 (6.25%) Microsoft Office
3 60 (3.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 41 (2.27%) Sketch
5 29 (1.60%) MS Visio
6 20 (1.11%) Microsoft Project
7 15 (0.83%) Adobe Illustrator
7 15 (0.83%) InVision
8 14 (0.77%) Photoshop
9 13 (0.72%) SPSS
10 10 (0.55%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 9 (0.50%) Zeplin
12 7 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
13 6 (0.33%) OmniGraffle
13 6 (0.33%) Stata
14 5 (0.28%) Adobe XD
15 4 (0.22%) Figma
16 3 (0.17%) FreeHand
17 2 (0.11%) AutoCAD
17 2 (0.11%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 18 (1.00%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 15 (0.83%) Dynamics CRM
3 10 (0.55%) SAP S/4HANA
4 8 (0.44%) BusinessWorks
5 6 (0.33%) SAP ERP
6 5 (0.28%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 5 (0.28%) Temenos T24
7 4 (0.22%) Distributed Ledger
7 4 (0.22%) SAP HR
7 4 (0.22%) Summit
8 3 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
8 3 (0.17%) HFM
8 3 (0.17%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.11%) CA PPM
9 2 (0.11%) Carpe Diem
9 2 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
9 2 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.11%) Oracle General Ledger
9 2 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 1 (0.055%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 194 (10.72%) Microsoft Azure
2 174 (9.62%) Amazon AWS
3 64 (3.54%) Office 365
4 55 (3.04%) Google Cloud Platform
5 51 (2.82%) SaaS
6 44 (2.43%) Power Platform
7 30 (1.66%) Amazon EC2
7 30 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
8 26 (1.44%) Amazon S3
9 25 (1.38%) IaaS
10 22 (1.22%) GitHub
10 22 (1.22%) PaaS
11 19 (1.05%) Serverless
12 17 (0.94%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 17 (0.94%) Amazon EMR
12 17 (0.94%) Google Analytics
13 13 (0.72%) Azure Active Directory
14 12 (0.66%) Adobe Analytics
14 12 (0.66%) Amazon SQS
15 11 (0.61%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 74 (4.09%) Firewall
2 47 (2.60%) Internet
3 42 (2.32%) VPN
4 32 (1.77%) WAN
5 29 (1.60%) Network Security
6 26 (1.44%) DNS
7 24 (1.33%) Skype
8 22 (1.22%) LAN
9 21 (1.16%) HTTP
9 21 (1.16%) TCP/IP
10 19 (1.05%) SSL
11 17 (0.94%) DHCP
12 16 (0.88%) Wireless
13 15 (0.83%) Ethernet
14 14 (0.77%) MPLS
15 12 (0.66%) BGP
16 11 (0.61%) Intranet
17 9 (0.50%) Multicast
17 9 (0.50%) NAS
18 8 (0.44%) 4G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 136 (7.52%) SQL Server
2 114 (6.30%) Big Data
3 69 (3.81%) Relational Database
4 65 (3.59%) Hadoop
5 57 (3.15%) Data Warehouse
6 56 (3.10%) MySQL
7 50 (2.76%) NoSQL
8 44 (2.43%) Power BI
9 38 (2.10%) MongoDB
9 38 (2.10%) PostgreSQL
10 32 (1.77%) Apache Cassandra
11 29 (1.60%) RDBMS
12 27 (1.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 25 (1.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 24 (1.33%) Amazon RDS
15 22 (1.22%) Amazon Redshift
15 22 (1.22%) Oracle Database
16 20 (1.11%) Redis
17 19 (1.05%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 18 (1.00%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 130 (7.19%) Git (software)
1 130 (7.19%) JIRA
2 94 (5.20%) Jenkins
3 31 (1.71%) webpack
4 26 (1.44%) Visual Studio Team System
5 24 (1.33%) TeamCity
6 23 (1.27%) Maven
6 23 (1.27%) Visual Studio
7 21 (1.16%) Subversion
8 20 (1.11%) Axure RP
8 20 (1.11%) Cucumber
9 19 (1.05%) Bitbucket
9 19 (1.05%) Selenium
10 15 (0.83%) Gradle
10 15 (0.83%) Hudson
11 14 (0.77%) JUnit
12 13 (0.72%) gulp
13 12 (0.66%) Team Foundation Server
14 9 (0.50%) SoapUI
14 9 (0.50%) SpecFlow
General
1 624 (34.49%) Finance
2 226 (12.49%) Banking
3 165 (9.12%) Marketing
4 92 (5.09%) Retail
5 89 (4.92%) Front Office
6 73 (4.04%) Financial Institution
6 73 (4.04%) Public Sector
7 57 (3.15%) Telecoms
8 56 (3.10%) Legal
9 55 (3.04%) Investment Banking
10 42 (2.32%) Advertising
11 33 (1.82%) Law
12 30 (1.66%) Back Office
13 29 (1.60%) Games
14 25 (1.38%) Manufacturing
14 25 (1.38%) Pharmaceutical
14 25 (1.38%) Publishing
15 19 (1.05%) German Language
16 17 (0.94%) Electronics
17 14 (0.77%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 434 (23.99%) Developer
2 250 (13.82%) Analyst
3 123 (6.80%) Architect
4 91 (5.03%) Business Analyst
5 85 (4.70%) Project Manager
6 76 (4.20%) Designer
7 74 (4.09%) Consultant
8 71 (3.92%) Java Developer
9 70 (3.87%) Data Engineer
10 64 (3.54%) Data Scientist
11 55 (3.04%) Senior Developer
12 48 (2.65%) C# Developer
13 43 (2.38%) .NET Developer
14 40 (2.21%) UX Designer
15 39 (2.16%) Data Analyst
16 38 (2.10%) Python Engineer
17 35 (1.93%) Solutions Architect
17 35 (1.93%) User Researcher
18 33 (1.82%) Software Developer
18 33 (1.82%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 182 (10.06%) HTML
2 148 (8.18%) CSS
3 134 (7.41%) .NET
4 113 (6.25%) Web Services
5 103 (5.69%) React
6 97 (5.36%) AngularJS
7 90 (4.98%) REST
8 88 (4.86%) XML
9 85 (4.70%) RESTful
10 71 (3.92%) Node.js
11 68 (3.76%) JSON
12 67 (3.70%) HTML5
13 65 (3.59%) Spring
14 59 (3.26%) Kafka
15 57 (3.15%) SOAP
16 51 (2.82%) Natural Language Processing
17 42 (2.32%) Redux
18 36 (1.99%) CSS3
19 31 (1.71%) .NET Framework
19 31 (1.71%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 328 (18.13%) Analytical Skills
2 175 (9.67%) User Experience
3 94 (5.20%) Algorithms
4 87 (4.81%) Management Information System
5 71 (3.92%) Data Structures
6 51 (2.82%) Greenfield Project
7 50 (2.76%) Self-Motivation
8 48 (2.65%) Hedge funds
9 35 (1.93%) Virtual Team
10 34 (1.88%) Enterprise Software
10 34 (1.88%) Public Cloud
11 33 (1.82%) Data Centre
12 31 (1.71%) Mobile App
13 23 (1.27%) Data Protection Act
14 21 (1.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 20 (1.11%) Client/Server
15 20 (1.11%) Social Media
16 19 (1.05%) FMCG
16 19 (1.05%) Replication
17 18 (1.00%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 157 (8.68%) Linux
2 154 (8.51%) Windows
3 70 (3.87%) Unix
4 41 (2.27%) Windows 10
5 40 (2.21%) Android
6 36 (1.99%) Apple iOS
7 23 (1.27%) Windows 7
8 21 (1.16%) Windows Server
9 10 (0.55%) Mac OS
10 6 (0.33%) Debian
10 6 (0.33%) Embedded Linux
10 6 (0.33%) Ubuntu
10 6 (0.33%) VMS
11 5 (0.28%) CentOS
11 5 (0.28%) Fedora
12 4 (0.22%) Mac OS X
12 4 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 4 (0.22%) Windows Mobile
13 3 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
13 3 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 679 (37.53%) Computer Science
2 631 (34.88%) Agile Software Development
3 242 (13.38%) Mathematics
3 242 (13.38%) Problem-Solving
4 238 (13.16%) Analytics
5 224 (12.38%) Project Management
6 190 (10.50%) Scrum
7 177 (9.78%) DevOps
8 160 (8.84%) TDD
9 157 (8.68%) Software Engineering
10 150 (8.29%) Data Science
11 127 (7.02%) Machine Learning
12 117 (6.47%) Stakeholder Management
13 113 (6.25%) SDLC
14 112 (6.19%) Continuous Improvement
15 111 (6.14%) Test Automation
16 103 (5.69%) Migration
17 99 (5.47%) Continuous Integration
18 97 (5.36%) Statistics
19 95 (5.25%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 366 (20.23%) SQL
2 307 (16.97%) Java
3 300 (16.58%) Python
4 257 (14.21%) JavaScript
5 154 (8.51%) C#
6 109 (6.03%) C++
7 69 (3.81%) Scala
8 65 (3.59%) R
9 60 (3.32%) PowerShell
10 58 (3.21%) Perl
11 50 (2.76%) TypeScript
12 46 (2.54%) C
13 41 (2.27%) PL/SQL
14 35 (1.93%) Bash Shell
15 34 (1.88%) PHP
16 32 (1.77%) Java 8
16 32 (1.77%) Shell Script
17 26 (1.44%) Go
18 25 (1.38%) Apex Code
19 24 (1.33%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 355 (19.62%) Computer Science Degree
2 152 (8.40%) Master's Degree
3 79 (4.37%) Security Cleared
4 68 (3.76%) PhD
4 68 (3.76%) SC Cleared
5 44 (2.43%) CISSP
6 40 (2.21%) Cisco Certification
7 33 (1.82%) Microsoft Certification
8 31 (1.71%) PMI Certification
8 31 (1.71%) PMP
9 30 (1.66%) Numerate Degree
10 29 (1.60%) MBA
11 27 (1.49%) CISM
12 25 (1.38%) CCNP
13 21 (1.16%) ISEB
14 19 (1.05%) CISA
15 17 (0.94%) ISTQB
16 12 (0.66%) CCNA
16 12 (0.66%) MCSA
16 12 (0.66%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 135 (7.46%) QA
2 39 (2.16%) SLA
3 25 (1.38%) Data Quality
4 22 (1.22%) GDPR
5 17 (0.94%) PMO
6 13 (0.72%) NIST
7 9 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 8 (0.44%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.39%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 6 (0.33%) Actionable Recommendations
10 6 (0.33%) COBIT
10 6 (0.33%) IFRS
10 6 (0.33%) SEPA
10 6 (0.33%) Solvency II
11 5 (0.28%) GxP
12 4 (0.22%) GMP
12 4 (0.22%) MiFID
13 3 (0.17%) ECSS
13 3 (0.17%) HL7
13 3 (0.17%) TARGET2
System Software
1 95 (5.25%) Docker
2 66 (3.65%) Active Directory
3 21 (1.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.66%) VMware ESXi
5 8 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.33%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 3 (0.17%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 3 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
7 3 (0.17%) XenDesktop
8 2 (0.11%) HDFS
8 2 (0.11%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.11%) KVM
8 2 (0.11%) Varnish
8 2 (0.11%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.11%) vSphere
8 2 (0.11%) Xen
9 1 (0.055%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.055%) LXC
9 1 (0.055%) zsh
Systems Management
1 44 (2.43%) Kubernetes
2 38 (2.10%) Ansible
3 30 (1.66%) Terraform
4 24 (1.33%) Puppet
5 21 (1.16%) Control-M
5 21 (1.16%) SCCM
6 15 (0.83%) Microsoft Intune
7 14 (0.77%) Kibana
7 14 (0.77%) Opscode Chef
8 10 (0.55%) Single Sign-On
9 9 (0.50%) Nagios
10 7 (0.39%) Salt
11 6 (0.33%) CASB
12 5 (0.28%) AirWatch
12 5 (0.28%) ITRS Geneos
13 4 (0.22%) Grafana
13 4 (0.22%) logstash
13 4 (0.22%) Packer
13 4 (0.22%) SCOM
14 3 (0.17%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 242 (13.38%) Microsoft
2 119 (6.58%) Oracle
3 80 (4.42%) Salesforce.com
4 75 (4.15%) Google
5 67 (3.70%) Cisco
6 65 (3.59%) SAP
7 54 (2.99%) Adobe
8 53 (2.93%) Tableau
9 33 (1.82%) VMware
10 30 (1.66%) Cadence
11 27 (1.49%) Splunk
12 21 (1.16%) Atlassian
13 19 (1.05%) Informatica
14 18 (1.00%) BMC
14 18 (1.00%) Citrix
15 16 (0.88%) ServiceNow
16 14 (0.77%) Apple
16 14 (0.77%) HP
17 13 (0.72%) IBM
17 13 (0.72%) Juniper