Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
England > London
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 51 59 53
Rank change year-on-year +8 -6 +7
Contract jobs citing Degree 1,687 595 1,718
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 4.79% 4.31% 4.64%
As % of the Qualifications category 31.13% 21.48% 28.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,066 388 1,136
10th Percentile £361 £259 £270
25th Percentile £463 £354 £405
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £475 £500
Median % change year-on-year +15.79% -5.00% -
75th Percentile £675 £600 £625
90th Percentile £763 £675 £725
England median daily rate £535 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +18.83% -5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 13 45
10th Percentile £22.37 £28.00 £11.40
25th Percentile £26.75 £32.48 £20.25
Median hourly rate £41.65 £37.93 £35.90
Median % change year-on-year +9.82% +5.64% +7.16%
75th Percentile £57.59 £39.40 £51.25
90th Percentile £64.65 £54.75 £52.50
England median hourly rate £43.26 £34.95 £45.00
% change year-on-year +23.78% -22.33% +19.21%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 5,419 2,770 5,936
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 15.37% 20.08% 16.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,616 1,993 4,095
10th Percentile £350 £313 £306
25th Percentile £435 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £545 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +9.00% - -
75th Percentile £638 £588 £600
90th Percentile £725 £663 £700
England median daily rate £500 £485 £470
% change year-on-year +3.09% +3.19% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 90 30 96
10th Percentile £14.95 £17.69 £12.13
25th Percentile £20.27 £26.06 £19.13
Median hourly rate £36.25 £36.75 £26.50
Median % change year-on-year -1.36% +38.68% +27.71%
75th Percentile £51.88 £44.88 £48.06
90th Percentile £60.28 £53.88 £52.50
England median hourly rate £32.50 £31.61 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.82% -20.98% +74.44%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Daily rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in London.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in London

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in London over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in London

Degree
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the London region over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 207 £575 +24.66% 327
West London -8 43 £525 +5.00% 113
East London -6 11 £350 -20.45% 88
South London +2 4 £256 -43.06% 21
North London - 1 - - 18
Degree
England

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Degree.

1 742 (43.98%) Social Skills
2 696 (41.26%) Finance
3 650 (38.53%) Computer Science
4 624 (36.99%) Agile Software Development
5 384 (22.76%) Analytical Skills
6 383 (22.70%) Python
7 359 (21.28%) SQL
8 353 (20.92%) Computer Science Degree
9 347 (20.57%) Analytics
10 319 (18.91%) Azure
11 307 (18.20%) Problem-Solving
12 298 (17.66%) Java
13 288 (17.07%) AWS
14 263 (15.59%) Project Management
15 215 (12.74%) Mathematics
16 207 (12.27%) Banking
17 203 (12.03%) JavaScript
18 193 (11.44%) Software Engineering
19 192 (11.38%) DevOps
20 191 (11.32%) Microsoft
20 191 (11.32%) Scrum
21 187 (11.08%) User Experience
22 178 (10.55%) Presentation Skills
23 177 (10.49%) HTML
24 168 (9.96%) Marketing
25 161 (9.54%) Decision-Making
26 149 (8.83%) Microsoft Excel
27 146 (8.65%) Data Science
28 144 (8.54%) C#
29 139 (8.24%) Management Information System

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 77 (4.56%) Apache Spark
2 49 (2.90%) SharePoint
3 28 (1.66%) Confluence
4 23 (1.36%) Apache Airflow
5 22 (1.30%) Luigi
6 21 (1.24%) Apache
6 21 (1.24%) CMS
6 21 (1.24%) Jupyter
7 16 (0.95%) SAS
8 15 (0.89%) Elasticsearch
8 15 (0.89%) IIS
9 10 (0.59%) Oracle Coherence
9 10 (0.59%) WebSphere
10 9 (0.53%) Tomcat
11 7 (0.41%) nginx
12 5 (0.30%) Apache Pig
12 5 (0.30%) Skype for Business
13 4 (0.24%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 4 (0.24%) OpenStack
13 4 (0.24%) Tornado
Applications
1 149 (8.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 90 (5.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 81 (4.80%) Microsoft Office
4 25 (1.48%) MS Visio
5 21 (1.24%) Microsoft Project
5 21 (1.24%) Photoshop
6 13 (0.77%) Adobe Illustrator
7 8 (0.47%) Figma
8 5 (0.30%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 5 (0.30%) InVision
8 5 (0.30%) Sketch
8 5 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.24%) UserZoom
10 3 (0.18%) AutoCAD
10 3 (0.18%) PTC Creo
10 3 (0.18%) Windchill
11 2 (0.12%) Revit
12 1 (0.059%) Adobe After Effects
12 1 (0.059%) CPLEX
12 1 (0.059%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 25 (1.48%) ION MarketView
2 12 (0.71%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 11 (0.65%) NetSuite
4 7 (0.41%) Adobe Campaign
4 7 (0.41%) SAP S/4HANA
5 6 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
6 5 (0.30%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 3 (0.18%) HealthRoster
7 3 (0.18%) Sentinel
7 3 (0.18%) Sprinklr
7 3 (0.18%) Teamcenter
7 3 (0.18%) Workfront
8 2 (0.12%) Cloudability
8 2 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.12%) Endur
8 2 (0.12%) ReMetrica
8 2 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 2 (0.12%) SAP PM
8 2 (0.12%) SimCorp Dimension
Cloud Services
1 319 (18.91%) Azure
2 288 (17.07%) AWS
3 106 (6.28%) GCP
4 80 (4.74%) Power Platform
5 65 (3.85%) Serverless
6 63 (3.73%) Microsoft 365
7 59 (3.50%) SaaS
8 37 (2.19%) Azure Active Directory
8 37 (2.19%) Cloud Computing
9 35 (2.07%) PaaS
10 34 (2.02%) Amazon S3
10 34 (2.02%) Azure Functions
11 33 (1.96%) GitHub
11 33 (1.96%) IaaS
12 30 (1.78%) Azure Data Factory
13 24 (1.42%) Amazon EC2
13 24 (1.42%) OpenShift
14 22 (1.30%) Adobe Analytics
14 22 (1.30%) Amazon EMR
14 22 (1.30%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 45 (2.67%) Firewall
2 38 (2.25%) Network Security
3 31 (1.84%) DNS
4 30 (1.78%) FTP
4 30 (1.78%) HTTP
5 29 (1.72%) Internet
6 23 (1.36%) TCP/IP
7 19 (1.13%) VPN
7 19 (1.13%) Wireless
8 18 (1.07%) DHCP
9 17 (1.01%) LAN
10 16 (0.95%) VoIP
11 15 (0.89%) WAN
12 14 (0.83%) MPLS
13 13 (0.77%) SAN
13 13 (0.77%) Wi-Fi
14 12 (0.71%) SMTP
15 11 (0.65%) Intranet
15 11 (0.65%) SSL
16 10 (0.59%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 94 (5.57%) Data Warehouse
2 79 (4.68%) SQL Server
3 77 (4.56%) Power BI
4 72 (4.27%) Relational Database
5 70 (4.15%) Tableau
6 68 (4.03%) Big Data
7 66 (3.91%) NoSQL
8 64 (3.79%) Hadoop
9 44 (2.61%) Data Lake
9 44 (2.61%) PostgreSQL
10 42 (2.49%) Apache Cassandra
11 38 (2.25%) Metadata
12 37 (2.19%) MySQL
13 31 (1.84%) QlikView
14 29 (1.72%) RDBMS
15 21 (1.24%) Oracle Database
16 20 (1.19%) Azkaban
16 20 (1.19%) BigQuery
16 20 (1.19%) MongoDB
16 20 (1.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 130 (7.71%) Git (software)
2 85 (5.04%) JIRA
3 75 (4.45%) Jenkins
4 41 (2.43%) Maven
5 27 (1.60%) Bitbucket
5 27 (1.60%) Selenium
6 24 (1.42%) Subversion
7 23 (1.36%) GitLab
8 21 (1.24%) TeamCity
9 18 (1.07%) Postman
10 16 (0.95%) Visual Studio
11 14 (0.83%) Cucumber
11 14 (0.83%) Karma Test Runner
12 13 (0.77%) Axure RP
12 13 (0.77%) IntelliJ
13 12 (0.71%) Jasmine
13 12 (0.71%) SonarQube
14 11 (0.65%) Mocha
15 10 (0.59%) SpecFlow
16 9 (0.53%) WebDriver
General
1 742 (43.98%) Social Skills
2 696 (41.26%) Finance
3 384 (22.76%) Analytical Skills
4 207 (12.27%) Banking
5 178 (10.55%) Presentation Skills
6 168 (9.96%) Marketing
7 105 (6.22%) Front Office
8 80 (4.74%) Investment Banking
8 80 (4.74%) Legal
8 80 (4.74%) Public Sector
9 63 (3.73%) Retail
10 52 (3.08%) Telecoms
11 48 (2.85%) Influencing Skills
12 43 (2.55%) Back Office
13 34 (2.02%) Financial Institution
14 31 (1.84%) Documentation Skills
15 30 (1.78%) Pharmaceutical
16 28 (1.66%) Manufacturing
17 26 (1.54%) Advertising
18 23 (1.36%) German Language
Job Titles
1 374 (22.17%) Developer
2 228 (13.52%) Analyst
3 129 (7.65%) Architect
4 109 (6.46%) Java Developer
5 92 (5.45%) Designer
6 87 (5.16%) Project Manager
7 83 (4.92%) Business Analyst
8 71 (4.21%) Data Engineer
9 66 (3.91%) Data Scientist
10 57 (3.38%) UX Designer
11 55 (3.26%) Senior Developer
12 52 (3.08%) Consultant
13 51 (3.02%) React Developer
14 45 (2.67%) UI Designer
15 43 (2.55%) Data Analyst
16 42 (2.49%) C# Developer
16 42 (2.49%) Full Stack Developer
17 40 (2.37%) UI/UX Designer
18 36 (2.13%) Solutions Architect
19 35 (2.07%) Electronic Trading Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 177 (10.49%) HTML
2 125 (7.41%) CSS
2 125 (7.41%) React
3 97 (5.75%) .NET
4 95 (5.63%) AngularJS
5 85 (5.04%) Kafka
6 83 (4.92%) Web Services
7 79 (4.68%) HTML5
8 71 (4.21%) REST
9 69 (4.09%) Node.js
9 69 (4.09%) RESTful
10 55 (3.26%) JSON
11 52 (3.08%) Spring
12 31 (1.84%) .NET Framework
13 30 (1.78%) Middleware
14 29 (1.72%) XML
15 28 (1.66%) Spring Boot
16 27 (1.60%) SOAP
17 26 (1.54%) .NET Core
18 25 (1.48%) JNI
Miscellaneous
1 187 (11.08%) User Experience
2 139 (8.24%) Management Information System
3 102 (6.05%) Algorithms
4 68 (4.03%) Self-Motivation
5 60 (3.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 51 (3.02%) Data Centre
7 50 (2.96%) Mobile App
8 46 (2.73%) Data Structures
9 41 (2.43%) Enterprise Software
10 38 (2.25%) Social Media
10 38 (2.25%) Virtual Team
11 32 (1.90%) Data Protection Act
11 32 (1.90%) Fixed Income
12 22 (1.30%) Derivative
13 21 (1.24%) Public Cloud
14 20 (1.19%) Equities
15 19 (1.13%) Cloud Native
16 18 (1.07%) Analytical Mindset
16 18 (1.07%) Digital Media
16 18 (1.07%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 112 (6.64%) Windows
2 89 (5.28%) Linux
3 37 (2.19%) Unix
4 35 (2.07%) Apple iOS
4 35 (2.07%) Windows 10
5 23 (1.36%) Android
6 21 (1.24%) Windows Server
7 10 (0.59%) Windows Server 2012
8 9 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 9 (0.53%) Windows 7
9 8 (0.47%) tvOS
9 8 (0.47%) Windows Server 2016
10 7 (0.41%) Ubuntu
11 5 (0.30%) Mac OS
12 4 (0.24%) Mac OS X
12 4 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
12 4 (0.24%) Windows Server 2019
13 3 (0.18%) HPUX
14 2 (0.12%) AIX
14 2 (0.12%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 650 (38.53%) Computer Science
2 624 (36.99%) Agile Software Development
3 347 (20.57%) Analytics
4 307 (18.20%) Problem-Solving
5 263 (15.59%) Project Management
6 215 (12.74%) Mathematics
7 193 (11.44%) Software Engineering
8 192 (11.38%) DevOps
9 191 (11.32%) Scrum
10 161 (9.54%) Decision-Making
11 146 (8.65%) Data Science
12 134 (7.94%) Business Intelligence
12 134 (7.94%) Visualisation
13 123 (7.29%) Stakeholder Management
14 122 (7.23%) Machine Learning
14 122 (7.23%) Microservices
15 117 (6.94%) Statistics
16 108 (6.40%) SDLC
17 106 (6.28%) Risk Management
17 106 (6.28%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 383 (22.70%) Python
2 359 (21.28%) SQL
3 298 (17.66%) Java
4 203 (12.03%) JavaScript
5 144 (8.54%) C#
6 132 (7.82%) C++
7 76 (4.51%) C
8 66 (3.91%) R
9 56 (3.32%) PowerShell
10 53 (3.14%) TypeScript
11 44 (2.61%) Scala
12 42 (2.49%) Java 8
13 40 (2.37%) Kotlin
14 38 (2.25%) VBA
15 37 (2.19%) Perl
16 30 (1.78%) Ruby
17 27 (1.60%) PL/SQL
18 22 (1.30%) Bash Shell
19 20 (1.19%) Go
20 19 (1.13%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 353 (20.92%) Computer Science Degree
2 117 (6.94%) Master's Degree
3 79 (4.68%) CISSP
4 69 (4.09%) Numerate Degree
5 62 (3.68%) Security Cleared
6 52 (3.08%) PMI Certification
6 52 (3.08%) PMP
7 50 (2.96%) CISM
8 48 (2.85%) SC Cleared
9 43 (2.55%) PhD
10 28 (1.66%) CISA
10 28 (1.66%) Cisco Certification
11 26 (1.54%) ISTQB
12 21 (1.24%) MBA
13 20 (1.19%) Microsoft Certification
14 19 (1.13%) CRISC
14 19 (1.13%) SANS
14 19 (1.13%) TOGAF Certification
15 15 (0.89%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 15 (0.89%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 88 (5.22%) QA
2 66 (3.91%) GDPR
3 59 (3.50%) Data Quality
4 38 (2.25%) NIST
5 36 (2.13%) PMO
6 34 (2.02%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 25 (1.48%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 23 (1.36%) GRC
8 23 (1.36%) PCI DSS
9 21 (1.24%) COBIT
10 20 (1.19%) Accessibility
10 20 (1.19%) SLA
11 8 (0.47%) ITGC
11 8 (0.47%) NCSC
12 7 (0.41%) MiFID
13 6 (0.36%) Actionable Recommendations
14 5 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials
14 5 (0.30%) GLBA
15 4 (0.24%) IFRS
15 4 (0.24%) SOC 2
System Software
1 112 (6.64%) Docker
2 62 (3.68%) Active Directory
3 24 (1.42%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (1.13%) Microsoft App-V
5 10 (0.59%) VMware ESXi
6 9 (0.53%) vSphere
7 8 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 6 (0.36%) HDFS
8 6 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (0.36%) Virtual Servers
9 5 (0.30%) Virtual Desktop
10 3 (0.18%) KVM
11 2 (0.12%) EMC RecoverPoint
11 2 (0.12%) iptables
11 2 (0.12%) NFS
11 2 (0.12%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.12%) VMware Workstation
11 2 (0.12%) XenApp
11 2 (0.12%) XenDesktop
12 1 (0.059%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 125 (7.41%) Kubernetes
2 66 (3.91%) Terraform
3 28 (1.66%) Microsoft Intune
4 26 (1.54%) Ansible
5 25 (1.48%) SCCM
5 25 (1.48%) Single Sign-On
6 13 (0.77%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 12 (0.71%) Prometheus
8 11 (0.65%) Puppet
8 11 (0.65%) RSA Archer
9 8 (0.47%) Grafana
10 7 (0.41%) CSIRT
10 7 (0.41%) ITRS Geneos
10 7 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
11 6 (0.36%) Nessus
12 5 (0.30%) Kibana
13 4 (0.24%) CASB
13 4 (0.24%) McAfee ePO
13 4 (0.24%) Nagios
14 3 (0.18%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 191 (11.32%) Microsoft
2 94 (5.57%) Oracle
3 84 (4.98%) Salesforce.com
4 63 (3.73%) Adobe
5 60 (3.56%) Google
6 53 (3.14%) Databricks
7 50 (2.96%) SAP
8 35 (2.07%) Cisco
9 31 (1.84%) ION Trading
10 29 (1.72%) ServiceNow
11 28 (1.66%) Alteryx
11 28 (1.66%) VMware
12 25 (1.48%) Splunk
13 22 (1.30%) Red Hat
14 18 (1.07%) MuleSoft
15 17 (1.01%) IBM
15 17 (1.01%) Ivanti
16 15 (0.89%) Cadence
16 15 (0.89%) Citrix
17 14 (0.83%) Apple