Period
to 21 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 21 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
UK > England
6 months to
21 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 151 122 122
Rank change year-on-year -29 0 -7
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 1,369 2,077 1,937
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.80% 2.18% 2.04%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.09% 2.51% 2.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 845 1,326 1,411
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £331 £336 £315
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £465 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -2.11% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 20 7
England median hourly rate £70.50 £35.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +101.43% -2.78% -0.39%
10th Percentile £35.00 £15.91 £25.70
90th Percentile £86.83 £47.50 £50.15
UK median hourly rate £70.50 £35.00 £37.00
% change year-on-year +101.43% -5.41% +2.38%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 65,416 82,756 81,904
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.20% 86.97% 86.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 43,321 55,454 54,993
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,006 2,112 1,946
England median hourly rate £23.69 £22.00 £23.14
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.67% -4.93% +0.61%
10th Percentile £11.88 £11.41 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £22.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year +6.82% -4.35% +2.22%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in England over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in England over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the England region over the 6 months to 21 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -15 578 £500 - 69
South East +3 318 £450 -5.26% 87
North of England -29 149 £450 +4.05% 50
South West -5 144 £445 +4.71% 30
Midlands -48 107 £450 - 36
North West -2 85 £495 +20.73% 20
West Midlands -29 75 £455 +1.11% 23
East of England -19 70 £473 +5.00% 21
Yorkshire -23 51 £425 -1.73% 18
East Midlands -26 31 £405 -10.00% 12
North East 0 14 £367 -24.33% 12
Waterfall
UK

For the 6 months to 21 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 1,301 (95.03%) Agile Software Development
2 332 (24.25%) Finance
2 332 (24.25%) Project Management
3 253 (18.48%) Stakeholder Management
4 234 (17.09%) JIRA
5 200 (14.61%) Scrum
6 187 (13.66%) Azure
7 183 (13.37%) Security Cleared
8 180 (13.15%) Microsoft
9 177 (12.93%) Project Delivery
10 174 (12.71%) SDLC
11 170 (12.42%) SQL
12 158 (11.54%) Test Automation
13 155 (11.32%) Java
14 151 (11.03%) DevOps
15 145 (10.59%) PRINCE2
16 140 (10.23%) ITIL
16 140 (10.23%) SC Cleared
17 132 (9.64%) SAP
18 127 (9.28%) Windows
18 127 (9.28%) Confluence
19 126 (9.20%) Oracle
20 125 (9.13%) User Acceptance Testing
21 124 (9.06%) Analytical Skills
22 121 (8.84%) Business Analysis
22 121 (8.84%) JavaScript
23 113 (8.25%) Problem-Solving
24 111 (8.11%) User Stories
25 110 (8.04%) QA
26 107 (7.82%) CRM

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 127 (9.28%) Confluence
2 71 (5.19%) SharePoint
3 36 (2.63%) JBoss
4 24 (1.75%) WebLogic
5 19 (1.39%) WebSphere
6 18 (1.31%) MQSeries
7 17 (1.24%) IIS
8 14 (1.02%) SAP Portal
9 12 (0.88%) Apache
10 11 (0.80%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 11 (0.80%) Tomcat
11 8 (0.58%) CMS
12 7 (0.51%) OpenStack
13 6 (0.44%) ArcGIS
13 6 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 6 (0.44%) R Markdown
14 4 (0.29%) BizTalk Server
14 4 (0.29%) Elasticsearch
14 4 (0.29%) SharePoint 2013
15 3 (0.22%) ColdFusion
Applications
1 86 (6.28%) Microsoft Office
2 70 (5.11%) Microsoft Project
3 61 (4.46%) Microsoft Excel
4 47 (3.43%) MS Visio
5 44 (3.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.15%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.073%) Acrobat
7 1 (0.073%) Figma
7 1 (0.073%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.073%) InVision
7 1 (0.073%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.073%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 33 (2.41%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (1.24%) SAP Hybris
3 14 (1.02%) Temenos T24
4 11 (0.80%) SAP ERP
4 11 (0.80%) SAP HCM
5 8 (0.58%) Oracle ERP
5 8 (0.58%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 8 (0.58%) SAP PSCD
5 8 (0.58%) SAP S/4HANA
6 7 (0.51%) Dynamics AX
7 6 (0.44%) Oracle EBS
7 6 (0.44%) SAP CRM
8 5 (0.37%) Dynamics NAV
8 5 (0.37%) Oracle EBS R12
8 5 (0.37%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 4 (0.29%) Oracle Payables
9 4 (0.29%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 4 (0.29%) SAP IBP
9 4 (0.29%) SAP MII
9 4 (0.29%) SimCorp Dimension
Cloud Services
1 187 (13.66%) Azure
2 105 (7.67%) AWS
3 48 (3.51%) SaaS
4 46 (3.36%) Power Platform
5 39 (2.85%) PaaS
6 38 (2.78%) IaaS
7 35 (2.56%) Office 365
8 29 (2.12%) Dynamics 365
9 28 (2.05%) GitHub
10 23 (1.68%) Trello
11 17 (1.24%) Salesforce Service Cloud
12 12 (0.88%) Azure Active Directory
13 11 (0.80%) GCP
13 11 (0.80%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
13 11 (0.80%) SuccessFactors
14 10 (0.73%) Google Analytics
14 10 (0.73%) OpenShift
15 7 (0.51%) Azure Data Factory
15 7 (0.51%) Datadog
16 6 (0.44%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 31 (2.26%) Firewall
2 24 (1.75%) Internet
3 16 (1.17%) WAN
4 12 (0.88%) Network Security
4 12 (0.88%) VPN
5 10 (0.73%) Wi-Fi
6 8 (0.58%) MPLS
7 7 (0.51%) DNS
7 7 (0.51%) Intranet
8 6 (0.44%) LAN
9 5 (0.37%) ATM
9 5 (0.37%) SAN
9 5 (0.37%) TCP/IP
9 5 (0.37%) Wireless
10 4 (0.29%) Ethernet
10 4 (0.29%) Unified Communications
11 3 (0.22%) HTTP
12 2 (0.15%) Extranet
12 2 (0.15%) Skype
12 2 (0.15%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 93 (6.79%) SQL Server
2 45 (3.29%) Data Warehouse
3 44 (3.21%) Power BI
4 23 (1.68%) Big Data
4 23 (1.68%) Relational Database
5 21 (1.53%) PostgreSQL
6 20 (1.46%) Oracle Database
7 19 (1.39%) BusinessObjects
7 19 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 15 (1.10%) RDBMS
9 14 (1.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 13 (0.95%) Oracle Reports
11 11 (0.80%) Data Lake
11 11 (0.80%) NoSQL
12 10 (0.73%) Hadoop
13 9 (0.66%) MySQL
13 9 (0.66%) Neo4j
14 8 (0.58%) QlikView
15 6 (0.44%) SAP BW
15 6 (0.44%) Spatial Data
Development Applications
1 234 (17.09%) JIRA
2 53 (3.87%) Selenium
3 33 (2.41%) Jenkins
4 29 (2.12%) Git (software)
5 25 (1.83%) Cucumber
5 25 (1.83%) Team Foundation Server
6 18 (1.31%) Zephyr
7 17 (1.24%) NUnit
8 15 (1.10%) SoapUI
8 15 (1.10%) Visual Studio
8 15 (1.10%) Visual Studio Team System
8 15 (1.10%) WebDriver
9 13 (0.95%) JMeter
10 12 (0.88%) HP UFT
10 12 (0.88%) Maven
10 12 (0.88%) Subversion
11 10 (0.73%) Jasmine
11 10 (0.73%) JUnit
11 10 (0.73%) TeamCity
12 7 (0.51%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 332 (24.25%) Finance
2 100 (7.30%) Public Sector
3 89 (6.50%) Banking
4 87 (6.36%) Retail
5 44 (3.21%) Marketing
6 41 (2.99%) Telecoms
7 26 (1.90%) Back Office
7 26 (1.90%) Manufacturing
8 25 (1.83%) Legal
9 17 (1.24%) Retail Banking
10 16 (1.17%) Law
11 12 (0.88%) Games
11 12 (0.88%) Local Government
12 11 (0.80%) Investment Banking
13 9 (0.66%) Front Office
14 7 (0.51%) Billing
15 6 (0.44%) Automotive
15 6 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
15 6 (0.44%) Police
16 5 (0.37%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 314 (22.94%) Analyst
2 247 (18.04%) Project Manager
3 222 (16.22%) Business Analyst
4 160 (11.69%) Architect
5 153 (11.18%) Developer
6 60 (4.38%) IT Manager
7 52 (3.80%) Test Analyst
8 48 (3.51%) Consultant
9 45 (3.29%) Solutions Architect
10 44 (3.21%) IT Project Manager
11 42 (3.07%) Test Manager
12 35 (2.56%) Programme Manager
13 29 (2.12%) Delivery Manager
13 29 (2.12%) Test Leader
14 28 (2.05%) Senior Manager
15 26 (1.90%) Scrum Master
16 25 (1.83%) Test Engineer
17 22 (1.61%) Technical Architect
18 21 (1.53%) .NET Developer
18 21 (1.53%) Senior Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 95 (6.94%) .NET
2 71 (5.19%) XML
3 67 (4.89%) HTML
3 67 (4.89%) JSON
4 61 (4.46%) Web Services
5 59 (4.31%) REST
6 52 (3.80%) CSS
7 50 (3.65%) AngularJS
8 44 (3.21%) Middleware
9 40 (2.92%) SOAP
10 39 (2.85%) Node.js
11 30 (2.19%) J2EE
11 30 (2.19%) jQuery
12 25 (1.83%) Hibernate
13 23 (1.68%) Spring
14 22 (1.61%) RabbitMQ
15 20 (1.46%) ActiveMQ
15 20 (1.46%) Apache Camel
15 20 (1.46%) HTML5
16 18 (1.31%) MSMQ
Miscellaneous
1 124 (9.06%) Analytical Skills
2 61 (4.46%) User Experience
3 53 (3.87%) Management Information System
4 51 (3.73%) Self-Motivation
5 47 (3.43%) Virtual Team
6 46 (3.36%) Data Centre
7 36 (2.63%) Mobile App
8 26 (1.90%) Enterprise Software
9 20 (1.46%) Greenfield Project
10 15 (1.10%) Robotics
11 14 (1.02%) PMI
12 13 (0.95%) FMCG
13 11 (0.80%) Cloud Native
13 11 (0.80%) EPoS
13 11 (0.80%) Public Cloud
14 10 (0.73%) Client/Server
15 8 (0.58%) Derivative
15 8 (0.58%) Driving Licence
16 7 (0.51%) CMDB
16 7 (0.51%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 127 (9.28%) Windows
2 76 (5.55%) Linux
3 44 (3.21%) Unix
4 18 (1.31%) Windows 7
5 17 (1.24%) Windows 10
6 15 (1.10%) CentOS
7 13 (0.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 10 (0.73%) Windows Server
9 8 (0.58%) Solaris
9 8 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
10 7 (0.51%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.44%) OpenVMS
12 5 (0.37%) Android
12 5 (0.37%) Mac OS X
13 3 (0.22%) Apple iOS
14 2 (0.15%) Debian
14 2 (0.15%) HPUX
14 2 (0.15%) Windows 8
15 1 (0.073%) AIX
15 1 (0.073%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,301 (95.03%) Agile Software Development
2 332 (24.25%) Project Management
3 253 (18.48%) Stakeholder Management
4 200 (14.61%) Scrum
5 177 (12.93%) Project Delivery
6 174 (12.71%) SDLC
7 158 (11.54%) Test Automation
8 151 (11.03%) DevOps
9 145 (10.59%) PRINCE2
10 140 (10.23%) ITIL
11 125 (9.13%) User Acceptance Testing
12 121 (8.84%) Business Analysis
13 113 (8.25%) Problem-Solving
14 111 (8.11%) User Stories
15 107 (7.82%) CRM
16 100 (7.30%) Business Intelligence
17 94 (6.87%) ERP
17 94 (6.87%) Migration
18 93 (6.79%) Data Modelling
19 92 (6.72%) Workshop Facilitation
Programming Languages
1 170 (12.42%) SQL
2 155 (11.32%) Java
3 121 (8.84%) JavaScript
4 69 (5.04%) C#
5 54 (3.94%) C
6 51 (3.73%) Python
7 47 (3.43%) T-SQL
8 41 (2.99%) C++
9 39 (2.85%) PL/SQL
10 29 (2.12%) Bash Shell
10 29 (2.12%) PowerShell
11 21 (1.53%) ABAP
12 17 (1.24%) Korn
13 11 (0.80%) Perl
14 9 (0.66%) PHP
14 9 (0.66%) R
14 9 (0.66%) Shell Script
15 7 (0.51%) TypeScript
16 6 (0.44%) Fortran
16 6 (0.44%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 183 (13.37%) Security Cleared
2 140 (10.23%) SC Cleared
3 95 (6.94%) Degree
4 66 (4.82%) ISEB
5 49 (3.58%) ISTQB
6 40 (2.92%) PMI Certification
7 38 (2.78%) PMP
8 32 (2.34%) DV Cleared
9 17 (1.24%) ACCA
9 17 (1.24%) CIMA
10 16 (1.17%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 15 (1.10%) BPSS Clearance
12 9 (0.66%) Computer Science Degree
12 9 (0.66%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 9 (0.66%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 7 (0.51%) HNC
13 7 (0.51%) HND
13 7 (0.51%) ITIL Certification
14 6 (0.44%) IIBA
14 6 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 110 (8.04%) QA
2 58 (4.24%) PMO
3 25 (1.83%) GDPR
4 24 (1.75%) COBIT
4 24 (1.75%) SLA
5 12 (0.88%) Data Quality
5 12 (0.88%) NIST
6 10 (0.73%) IFRS
6 10 (0.73%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 9 (0.66%) Solvency II
8 7 (0.51%) MiFID
9 5 (0.37%) WCAG
10 4 (0.29%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.29%) PSD2
10 4 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.22%) Cyber Essentials
11 3 (0.22%) PMBOK
11 3 (0.22%) SEPA
11 3 (0.22%) WAI
12 2 (0.15%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 32 (2.34%) Active Directory
2 27 (1.97%) Docker
3 6 (0.44%) NFS
3 6 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
4 3 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.15%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.15%) XenDesktop
6 1 (0.073%) Microsoft Virtual Server
6 1 (0.073%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.073%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.073%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.073%) Xen
Systems Management
1 21 (1.53%) Kubernetes
2 20 (1.46%) Ansible
3 17 (1.24%) HP ALM
3 17 (1.24%) HP Quality Center
4 13 (0.95%) Puppet
4 13 (0.95%) SCCM
4 13 (0.95%) Terraform
5 9 (0.66%) SCOM
6 5 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
7 4 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (0.29%) Salt
8 3 (0.22%) Nagios
8 3 (0.22%) vRealize
9 2 (0.15%) NetIQ Identity Manager
10 1 (0.073%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.073%) Hadoop YARN
10 1 (0.073%) Kibana
10 1 (0.073%) Microsoft Intune
10 1 (0.073%) Nessus
10 1 (0.073%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 180 (13.15%) Microsoft
2 132 (9.64%) SAP
3 126 (9.20%) Oracle
4 66 (4.82%) Salesforce.com
5 37 (2.70%) Google
6 34 (2.48%) Adobe
7 30 (2.19%) Tableau
8 28 (2.05%) MuleSoft
9 27 (1.97%) Red Hat
10 23 (1.68%) HP
10 23 (1.68%) Sybase
11 21 (1.53%) IBM
12 20 (1.46%) hybris
13 18 (1.31%) Axway
14 16 (1.17%) Atlassian
15 15 (1.10%) Kofax
16 14 (1.02%) ServiceNow
16 14 (1.02%) Temenos
16 14 (1.02%) VMware
17 12 (0.88%) webMethods