Period
to 3 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
UK > England
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 115 134 148
Rank change year-on-year +19 +14 -32
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 1,296 609 1,595
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.24% 1.90% 1.90%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.52% 2.18% 2.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 926 412 1,048
10th Percentile £350 £329 £350
25th Percentile £413 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £486 £475 £473
Median % change year-on-year +2.37% +0.53% -0.53%
75th Percentile £575 £566 £573
90th Percentile £655 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £470
% change year-on-year +2.63% +1.06% +1.08%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 1 22
10th Percentile £17.50 " £39.78
25th Percentile £24.03 " £55.00
Median hourly rate £27.73 £24.90 £70.50
Median % change year-on-year +11.37% -64.68% +203.23%
75th Percentile £61.43 " £83.44
90th Percentile £68.00 " £87.28
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £24.90 £70.50
% change year-on-year +40.56% -64.68% +213.33%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 51,381 27,873 73,706
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 88.98% 87.08% 87.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 35,669 18,937 49,828
10th Percentile £313 £300 £300
25th Percentile £410 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +2.70%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,472 767 1,936
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.40 £11.72
25th Percentile £14.50 £16.13 £14.38
Median hourly rate £22.95 £25.00 £22.63
Median % change year-on-year -8.22% +10.50% +13.13%
75th Percentile £46.75 £46.22 £46.00
90th Percentile £60.45 £55.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £23.41 £24.95 £22.50
% change year-on-year -6.17% +10.89% +12.50%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Waterfall as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Waterfall in England.

Daily rate trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Waterfall in England over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Waterfall in England.

Hourly rate trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Waterfall in England over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the England region over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +14 566 £524 +2.15% 92
South East +18 247 £488 +8.33% 38
Midlands +38 158 £430 -1.71% 43
West Midlands +32 123 £440 -2.22% 29
North of England -9 106 £470 +14.63% 47
South West 0 92 £475 -9.52% 21
Yorkshire +10 60 £450 +12.50% 14
East of England -4 42 £466 +0.81% 18
East Midlands +7 35 £405 -2.99% 14
North West -38 34 £475 +10.47% 29
North East -3 12 £340 -24.44% 4
Waterfall
UK

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 1,184 (91.36%) Agile Software Development
2 392 (30.25%) Social Skills
3 345 (26.62%) Finance
4 311 (24.00%) Project Management
5 293 (22.61%) Stakeholder Management
6 268 (20.68%) Scrum
7 227 (17.52%) Project Delivery
8 208 (16.05%) JIRA
9 180 (13.89%) Azure
10 169 (13.04%) Security Cleared
11 162 (12.50%) DevOps
12 159 (12.27%) SDLC
12 159 (12.27%) Microsoft
13 143 (11.03%) Problem-Solving
14 136 (10.49%) SQL
14 136 (10.49%) Business Analysis
15 135 (10.42%) SC Cleared
16 133 (10.26%) Analytical Skills
17 131 (10.11%) Migration
18 123 (9.49%) AWS
19 122 (9.41%) PRINCE2
20 121 (9.34%) Confluence
21 110 (8.49%) Business Intelligence
22 107 (8.26%) Data Modelling
23 105 (8.10%) User Stories
23 105 (8.10%) Public Sector
24 103 (7.95%) Oracle
24 103 (7.95%) Requirements Gathering
25 102 (7.87%) Java
25 102 (7.87%) Banking

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 121 (9.34%) Confluence
2 47 (3.63%) SharePoint
3 32 (2.47%) WebLogic
4 17 (1.31%) CMS
5 10 (0.77%) SAS
6 7 (0.54%) MS Exchange
6 7 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 5 (0.39%) Appian
7 5 (0.39%) Drupal
7 5 (0.39%) IBM Domino
7 5 (0.39%) Liferay
7 5 (0.39%) Mule
7 5 (0.39%) Sitecore CMS
7 5 (0.39%) WebSphere
8 4 (0.31%) IIS
8 4 (0.31%) NetWeaver
8 4 (0.31%) WebLogic Portal
9 3 (0.23%) JBoss
9 3 (0.23%) SAP Portal
10 2 (0.15%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 70 (5.40%) Microsoft Project
2 59 (4.55%) Microsoft Office
3 51 (3.94%) Microsoft Excel
4 35 (2.70%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 32 (2.47%) MS Visio
6 17 (1.31%) Sketch
6 17 (1.31%) Zeplin
7 4 (0.31%) Figma
7 4 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.077%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.077%) iWork
8 1 (0.077%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.077%) Open Workbench
8 1 (0.077%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 20 (1.54%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.93%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 9 (0.69%) NetSuite
4 8 (0.62%) BASE24
4 8 (0.62%) Maximo
4 8 (0.62%) SAP ERP
5 7 (0.54%) SAP FI-CA
5 7 (0.54%) SAP PSCD
5 7 (0.54%) SAP S/4HANA
6 6 (0.46%) Oracle EBS
6 6 (0.46%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 4 (0.31%) Oracle ERP
8 3 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
8 3 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
8 3 (0.23%) Elite 3E
8 3 (0.23%) SAP CRM
9 2 (0.15%) Bloomberg AIM
9 2 (0.15%) Finacle
9 2 (0.15%) Magento
9 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 180 (13.89%) Azure
2 123 (9.49%) AWS
3 51 (3.94%) Power Platform
4 50 (3.86%) SaaS
5 39 (3.01%) PaaS
6 35 (2.70%) GCP
7 32 (2.47%) IaaS
8 27 (2.08%) Microsoft 365
9 21 (1.62%) Adobe Creative Cloud
9 21 (1.62%) Dynamics 365
10 19 (1.47%) GitHub
11 13 (1.00%) PowerApps
12 12 (0.93%) Azure Data Factory
12 12 (0.93%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
12 12 (0.93%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 10 (0.77%) Force.com
14 9 (0.69%) OpenShift
15 7 (0.54%) AWS CloudFormation
15 7 (0.54%) AWS CodePipeline
15 7 (0.54%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 30 (2.31%) Firewall
2 11 (0.85%) WAN
3 10 (0.77%) DNS
4 8 (0.62%) ATM
4 8 (0.62%) HTTP
4 8 (0.62%) LAN
5 7 (0.54%) FTP
5 7 (0.54%) Network Security
6 6 (0.46%) Unified Communications
6 6 (0.46%) VPN
7 5 (0.39%) SD-WAN
8 4 (0.31%) DHCP
8 4 (0.31%) Internet
8 4 (0.31%) RTSP
8 4 (0.31%) Wireless
9 3 (0.23%) Ethernet
9 3 (0.23%) IPv4
9 3 (0.23%) Kerberos
9 3 (0.23%) MPLS
9 3 (0.23%) PSTN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (4.48%) SQL Server
2 45 (3.47%) Power BI
3 38 (2.93%) Data Warehouse
4 20 (1.54%) Hadoop
5 17 (1.31%) MySQL
5 17 (1.31%) Oracle Database
5 17 (1.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 15 (1.16%) NoSQL
7 14 (1.08%) Data Lake
7 14 (1.08%) Tableau
8 13 (1.00%) Big Data
8 13 (1.00%) BusinessObjects
8 13 (1.00%) MongoDB
9 12 (0.93%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 11 (0.85%) Relational Database
11 10 (0.77%) OLAP
12 8 (0.62%) PostgreSQL
12 8 (0.62%) SAS Enterprise Guide
13 7 (0.54%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 6 (0.46%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 208 (16.05%) JIRA
2 31 (2.39%) Jenkins
3 26 (2.01%) CA Gen
4 24 (1.85%) Selenium
5 23 (1.77%) Postman
6 22 (1.70%) Cucumber
6 22 (1.70%) SoapUI
7 21 (1.62%) Git (software)
8 15 (1.16%) JMeter
9 12 (0.93%) Bitbucket
10 10 (0.77%) GitLab
10 10 (0.77%) Subversion
11 9 (0.69%) REST Assured
12 8 (0.62%) ERwin
12 8 (0.62%) Toad
12 8 (0.62%) WebDriver
13 7 (0.54%) TeamCity
14 6 (0.46%) Ant
14 6 (0.46%) Eclipse
14 6 (0.46%) Visual Studio
General
1 392 (30.25%) Social Skills
2 345 (26.62%) Finance
3 133 (10.26%) Analytical Skills
4 105 (8.10%) Public Sector
5 102 (7.87%) Banking
6 90 (6.94%) Presentation Skills
7 80 (6.17%) Retail
8 64 (4.94%) Influencing Skills
9 53 (4.09%) Telecoms
10 37 (2.85%) Marketing
11 34 (2.62%) Organisational Skills
12 20 (1.54%) Games
13 18 (1.39%) Retail Banking
14 17 (1.31%) Back Office
14 17 (1.31%) Legal
15 16 (1.23%) Automotive
16 15 (1.16%) Documentation Skills
17 13 (1.00%) Billing
18 10 (0.77%) Investment Banking
18 10 (0.77%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 333 (25.69%) Project Manager
2 310 (23.92%) Analyst
3 223 (17.21%) Business Analyst
4 104 (8.02%) Architect
5 76 (5.86%) Developer
6 70 (5.40%) IT Manager
7 55 (4.24%) Solutions Architect
8 53 (4.09%) IT Project Manager
9 44 (3.40%) Infrastructure Manager
10 43 (3.32%) Delivery Manager
11 42 (3.24%) Infrastructure Project Manager
12 41 (3.16%) Test Manager
13 37 (2.85%) Programme Manager
13 37 (2.85%) Scrum Master
14 36 (2.78%) Test Analyst
15 34 (2.62%) Consultant
16 33 (2.55%) Senior Manager
17 28 (2.16%) Senior Project Manager
18 27 (2.08%) Designer
19 24 (1.85%) Digital Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (3.40%) .NET
2 40 (3.09%) XML
3 37 (2.85%) Web Services
4 35 (2.70%) J2EE
5 30 (2.31%) HTML
6 29 (2.24%) JSON
7 25 (1.93%) SOAP
8 24 (1.85%) REST
9 23 (1.77%) CSS
10 18 (1.39%) AngularJS
11 17 (1.31%) Middleware
12 15 (1.16%) React
12 15 (1.16%) Spring
12 15 (1.16%) XSLT
13 13 (1.00%) ASP.NET
14 11 (0.85%) Unity (Game Engine)
14 11 (0.85%) Velocity
15 10 (0.77%) SAML
16 9 (0.69%) RESTful
17 8 (0.62%) SAP PI
Miscellaneous
1 62 (4.78%) User Experience
2 36 (2.78%) Legacy Systems
2 36 (2.78%) Self-Motivation
3 34 (2.62%) Virtual Team
4 27 (2.08%) Management Information System
5 22 (1.70%) Mobile App
6 21 (1.62%) Data Centre
7 20 (1.54%) W3C
8 18 (1.39%) Data Structures
8 18 (1.39%) Public Cloud
9 16 (1.23%) Analytical Mindset
9 16 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
10 15 (1.16%) Data Protection Act
11 13 (1.00%) PMI
12 11 (0.85%) Mobile Games
13 10 (0.77%) Robotics
14 7 (0.54%) N-Tier
14 7 (0.54%) Reinsurance
15 6 (0.46%) Algorithms
15 6 (0.46%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 68 (5.25%) Unix
2 61 (4.71%) Windows
3 40 (3.09%) Linux
4 22 (1.70%) Apple iOS
5 20 (1.54%) Android
6 14 (1.08%) Windows Server
7 10 (0.77%) Windows 10
8 7 (0.54%) AIX
9 3 (0.23%) Mac OS
9 3 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.077%) OpenVMS
10 1 (0.077%) Solaris
10 1 (0.077%) VMS
10 1 (0.077%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.077%) Windows Server 2016
10 1 (0.077%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,184 (91.36%) Agile Software Development
2 311 (24.00%) Project Management
3 293 (22.61%) Stakeholder Management
4 268 (20.68%) Scrum
5 227 (17.52%) Project Delivery
6 162 (12.50%) DevOps
7 159 (12.27%) SDLC
8 143 (11.03%) Problem-Solving
9 136 (10.49%) Business Analysis
10 131 (10.11%) Migration
11 122 (9.41%) PRINCE2
12 110 (8.49%) Business Intelligence
13 107 (8.26%) Data Modelling
14 105 (8.10%) User Stories
15 103 (7.95%) Requirements Gathering
16 95 (7.33%) Test Strategy
17 90 (6.94%) Business Case
17 90 (6.94%) Continuous Improvement
18 85 (6.56%) Change Management
19 75 (5.79%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 136 (10.49%) SQL
2 102 (7.87%) Java
3 53 (4.09%) JavaScript
4 46 (3.55%) Python
5 39 (3.01%) PL/SQL
6 33 (2.55%) C
6 33 (2.55%) Perl
6 33 (2.55%) Shell Script
7 28 (2.16%) C#
8 20 (1.54%) PowerShell
9 19 (1.47%) Bash Shell
9 19 (1.47%) COBOL
10 14 (1.08%) C++
11 11 (0.85%) ABAP
12 10 (0.77%) R
13 8 (0.62%) T-SQL
14 7 (0.54%) Scala
15 6 (0.46%) Java 8
15 6 (0.46%) PHP
16 5 (0.39%) VBA
Qualifications
1 169 (13.04%) Security Cleared
2 135 (10.42%) SC Cleared
3 72 (5.56%) Degree
4 49 (3.78%) ISTQB
5 35 (2.70%) PMI Certification
6 31 (2.39%) PMP
7 23 (1.77%) ISEB
8 21 (1.62%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 19 (1.47%) DV Cleared
10 16 (1.23%) Computer Science Degree
10 16 (1.23%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 12 (0.93%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 10 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
12 10 (0.77%) CISM
12 10 (0.77%) CISSP
12 10 (0.77%) TOGAF Certification
13 7 (0.54%) APMP
13 7 (0.54%) Master's Degree
14 6 (0.46%) Chartered Engineer
14 6 (0.46%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (5.25%) QA
2 50 (3.86%) PMO
3 22 (1.70%) Accessibility
4 21 (1.62%) GDPR
5 12 (0.93%) Data Quality
6 9 (0.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.46%) GRC
7 6 (0.46%) NIST
8 3 (0.23%) COBIT
8 3 (0.23%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.15%) HL7
9 2 (0.15%) ISO 20022
9 2 (0.15%) ISO 8583
9 2 (0.15%) PSD2
9 2 (0.15%) SEPA
9 2 (0.15%) SLA
9 2 (0.15%) TARGET2
10 1 (0.077%) Def Stans
System Software
1 26 (2.01%) Active Directory
2 20 (1.54%) Docker
3 11 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.39%) NFS
4 5 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.31%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 3 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
6 3 (0.23%) VMware NSX
7 1 (0.077%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.077%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 18 (1.39%) Kubernetes
2 17 (1.31%) Terraform
3 16 (1.23%) Ansible
4 11 (0.85%) Single Sign-On
5 10 (0.77%) HP ALM
6 9 (0.69%) Puppet
7 8 (0.62%) SCCM
8 6 (0.46%) Opscode Chef
9 5 (0.39%) HP Quality Center
9 5 (0.39%) vCenter Server
10 4 (0.31%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 4 (0.31%) Network Intrusion Detection System
10 4 (0.31%) Tivoli
11 3 (0.23%) MOM
11 3 (0.23%) Oracle RMAN
12 2 (0.15%) BladeLogic
12 2 (0.15%) collectd
12 2 (0.15%) Control-M
12 2 (0.15%) Fluentd
12 2 (0.15%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 159 (12.27%) Microsoft
2 103 (7.95%) Oracle
3 67 (5.17%) SAP
4 64 (4.94%) Salesforce.com
5 30 (2.31%) webMethods
6 27 (2.08%) Adobe
6 27 (2.08%) BEA
7 26 (2.01%) Google
7 26 (2.01%) Pega
8 20 (1.54%) CheckPoint
9 19 (1.47%) Atlassian
9 19 (1.47%) ServiceNow
10 14 (1.08%) Cisco
10 14 (1.08%) Informatica
11 13 (1.00%) VMware
12 12 (0.93%) Databricks
12 12 (0.93%) HP
13 11 (0.85%) Citrix
13 11 (0.85%) IBM
13 11 (0.85%) Talend