Period
to 17 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
UK > England
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 117 124 107
Rank change year-on-year +7 -17 -2
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 2,088 1,849 2,216
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.21% 2.03% 2.25%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.57% 2.36% 2.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,356 1,341 1,586
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £313 £313
90th Percentile £638 £594 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £438 £450
% change year-on-year +8.57% -2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 6 5
England median hourly rate £28.00 £39.75 £39.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -29.56% +0.63% +59.60%
10th Percentile £14.00 £32.00 £36.06
90th Percentile £46.75 £48.75 £77.50
UK median hourly rate £32.00 £41.25 £39.50
% change year-on-year -22.42% +4.43% +59.60%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 81,288 78,398 84,242
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.20% 85.90% 85.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 54,253 52,383 56,160
England median daily rate £470 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.44% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £283 £263
90th Percentile £645 £631 £605
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,188 1,868 2,213
England median hourly rate £21.00 £24.87 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.54% +10.51% +3.97%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.00
UK median hourly rate £20.90 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -16.42% +11.11% +3.52%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the England region over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -5 852 £500 +5.26% 139
South East +9 432 £475 +8.57% 87
North of England -23 272 £425 - 91
Midlands +24 265 £450 +11.80% 52
West Midlands +8 161 £450 +16.13% 39
South West +31 141 £425 +11.84% 56
East of England +15 133 £450 +5.88% 45
Yorkshire -9 126 £435 +2.35% 39
North West -19 117 £400 -11.11% 44
East Midlands +39 99 £425 - 13
North East +7 33 £485 +9.30% 8
Waterfall
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 1,958 (93.77%) Agile Software Development
2 665 (31.85%) Finance
3 477 (22.84%) Project Management
4 448 (21.46%) Stakeholder Management
5 388 (18.58%) Scrum
6 324 (15.52%) SDLC
7 291 (13.94%) SQL
8 285 (13.65%) JIRA
9 257 (12.31%) Microsoft
10 253 (12.12%) Business Analysis
11 238 (11.40%) PRINCE2
12 227 (10.87%) Retail
13 223 (10.68%) Java
14 216 (10.34%) Problem-Solving
15 215 (10.30%) Analytical Skills
16 199 (9.53%) Degree
17 188 (9.00%) Banking
18 185 (8.86%) DevOps
19 184 (8.81%) Test Automation
20 174 (8.33%) Migration
21 169 (8.09%) Oracle
22 160 (7.66%) Microsoft Azure
23 155 (7.42%) User Stories
24 150 (7.18%) Business Intelligence
25 144 (6.90%) E-Commerce
26 142 (6.80%) .NET
27 137 (6.56%) Kanban
28 136 (6.51%) Test Strategy
29 133 (6.37%) User Acceptance Testing
30 131 (6.27%) Confluence

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 131 (6.27%) Confluence
2 52 (2.49%) SharePoint
3 29 (1.39%) Apache Spark
4 27 (1.29%) CMS
5 26 (1.25%) WebLogic
6 22 (1.05%) Apache
7 17 (0.81%) IIS
8 13 (0.62%) Elasticsearch
9 12 (0.57%) SAS
10 11 (0.53%) SharePoint Server
10 11 (0.53%) WebSphere
11 10 (0.48%) Documentum
11 10 (0.48%) Tomcat
12 8 (0.38%) Anypoint
12 8 (0.38%) BizTalk Server
12 8 (0.38%) JBoss
12 8 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 8 (0.38%) SAP Portal
13 7 (0.34%) Drupal
14 5 (0.24%) EPiServer
Applications
1 105 (5.03%) Microsoft Office
2 85 (4.07%) Microsoft Project
3 81 (3.88%) Microsoft Excel
4 75 (3.59%) MS Visio
5 39 (1.87%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.096%) InVision
7 2 (0.096%) SPSS
8 1 (0.048%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.048%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.048%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.048%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 20 (0.96%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.53%) Dynamics NAV
3 8 (0.38%) Dynamics AX
3 8 (0.38%) Oracle EBS R12
4 7 (0.34%) SAP PSCD
5 6 (0.29%) Oracle ERP
5 6 (0.29%) Oracle FAH
5 6 (0.29%) SAP S/4HANA
6 5 (0.24%) Oracle Retail
7 4 (0.19%) Oracle Financials
7 4 (0.19%) Primavera
7 4 (0.19%) SAP CO
7 4 (0.19%) SAP ERP
7 4 (0.19%) SAP FI
7 4 (0.19%) SAP FI/CO
7 4 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
7 4 (0.19%) Sonata
8 3 (0.14%) CA PPM
8 3 (0.14%) Magento
8 3 (0.14%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 160 (7.66%) Microsoft Azure
2 123 (5.89%) Amazon AWS
3 56 (2.68%) PaaS
4 52 (2.49%) SaaS
5 49 (2.35%) IaaS
6 42 (2.01%) Office 365
7 23 (1.10%) Google Cloud Platform
8 21 (1.01%) Dynamics 365
8 21 (1.01%) GitHub
9 18 (0.86%) Cloud Computing
10 14 (0.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 11 (0.53%) Azure Data Factory
11 11 (0.53%) Boomi
11 11 (0.53%) Slack
12 10 (0.48%) Amazon EC2
12 10 (0.48%) Amazon S3
13 9 (0.43%) Trello
14 7 (0.34%) Force.com
14 7 (0.34%) Heroku
14 7 (0.34%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 28 (1.34%) Firewall
1 28 (1.34%) Internet
2 22 (1.05%) WAN
3 19 (0.91%) LAN
4 18 (0.86%) SMS
5 13 (0.62%) DNS
5 13 (0.62%) SNMP
6 10 (0.48%) HTTP
7 9 (0.43%) PuTTY
8 8 (0.38%) VLAN
9 7 (0.34%) TCP/IP
10 6 (0.29%) Intranet
10 6 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
11 5 (0.24%) NFC
12 4 (0.19%) ATM
12 4 (0.19%) Network Security
12 4 (0.19%) VPN
13 3 (0.14%) Broadband
13 3 (0.14%) Extranet
13 3 (0.14%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 126 (6.03%) SQL Server
2 105 (5.03%) Data Warehouse
3 63 (3.02%) Relational Database
4 61 (2.92%) Big Data
4 61 (2.92%) Hadoop
5 42 (2.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 37 (1.77%) MySQL
6 37 (1.77%) NoSQL
7 35 (1.68%) Apache Hive
8 32 (1.53%) RDBMS
9 30 (1.44%) BusinessObjects
10 26 (1.25%) SQL Server 2012
11 25 (1.20%) Power BI
12 21 (1.01%) Impala
13 20 (0.96%) Data Lake
13 20 (0.96%) HBase
14 18 (0.86%) SQL Server 2016
15 17 (0.81%) SQL Server 2014
16 15 (0.72%) Azure SQL Database
16 15 (0.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 285 (13.65%) JIRA
2 113 (5.41%) Jenkins
3 89 (4.26%) Git (software)
4 70 (3.35%) Selenium
5 67 (3.21%) Visual Studio
6 47 (2.25%) Team Foundation Server
7 43 (2.06%) Cucumber
8 42 (2.01%) SoapUI
9 39 (1.87%) GitLab
10 37 (1.77%) Sonatype Nexus
11 31 (1.48%) JUnit
12 30 (1.44%) Maven
12 30 (1.44%) Octopus Deploy
13 27 (1.29%) Subversion
14 26 (1.25%) Bitbucket
15 25 (1.20%) HP UFT
16 21 (1.01%) TeamCity
17 19 (0.91%) Zephyr
18 18 (0.86%) Visual Studio Team System
19 16 (0.77%) LoadRunner
General
1 665 (31.85%) Finance
2 227 (10.87%) Retail
3 188 (9.00%) Banking
4 73 (3.50%) Marketing
5 66 (3.16%) Telecoms
6 47 (2.25%) Manufacturing
7 42 (2.01%) Legal
8 39 (1.87%) Back Office
9 30 (1.44%) Investment Banking
10 29 (1.39%) Law
11 23 (1.10%) Publishing
12 21 (1.01%) Front Office
13 18 (0.86%) Billing
13 18 (0.86%) Financial Institution
14 17 (0.81%) Pharmaceutical
14 17 (0.81%) Retail Banking
15 15 (0.72%) Advertising
15 15 (0.72%) Electronics
16 12 (0.57%) Automotive
16 12 (0.57%) German Language
Job Titles
1 506 (24.23%) Analyst
2 478 (22.89%) Project Manager
3 366 (17.53%) Business Analyst
4 230 (11.02%) Developer
5 195 (9.34%) Architect
6 104 (4.98%) IT Manager
7 88 (4.21%) IT Project Manager
8 75 (3.59%) Delivery Manager
9 72 (3.45%) Solutions Architect
10 68 (3.26%) Test Analyst
11 66 (3.16%) Test Manager
12 62 (2.97%) Scrum Master
13 61 (2.92%) Programme Manager
13 61 (2.92%) Senior Manager
14 53 (2.54%) Agile Project Manager
15 52 (2.49%) Senior Analyst
15 52 (2.49%) Senior Project Manager
16 47 (2.25%) Infrastructure Manager
17 43 (2.06%) Consultant
18 38 (1.82%) Technical Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 142 (6.80%) .NET
2 109 (5.22%) Web Services
3 78 (3.74%) HTML
4 70 (3.35%) XML
5 57 (2.73%) REST
6 52 (2.49%) J2EE
7 48 (2.30%) CSS
7 48 (2.30%) SOAP
8 46 (2.20%) Spring
9 38 (1.82%) JSON
10 36 (1.72%) Kafka
10 36 (1.72%) Velocity
11 32 (1.53%) Middleware
12 31 (1.48%) AngularJS
12 31 (1.48%) ASP.NET
13 30 (1.44%) RESTful
14 29 (1.39%) HTML5
15 27 (1.29%) WCF
16 25 (1.20%) jQuery
17 23 (1.10%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 215 (10.30%) Analytical Skills
2 75 (3.59%) Management Information System
3 70 (3.35%) User Experience
4 67 (3.21%) Mobile App
5 66 (3.16%) Computer Science
6 62 (2.97%) Data Centre
7 55 (2.63%) Virtual Team
8 50 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
9 40 (1.92%) Enterprise Software
10 38 (1.82%) Greenfield Project
11 28 (1.34%) PMI
12 27 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
13 23 (1.10%) Mainframe
14 21 (1.01%) Public Cloud
15 16 (0.77%) PKI
16 14 (0.67%) Mobile Payment
17 13 (0.62%) Reinsurance
18 12 (0.57%) Driving Licence
18 12 (0.57%) NHS
18 12 (0.57%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 124 (5.94%) Linux
2 121 (5.80%) Windows
3 96 (4.60%) Unix
4 27 (1.29%) CentOS
4 27 (1.29%) Windows Server
5 22 (1.05%) Android
6 20 (0.96%) Apple iOS
7 19 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 9 (0.43%) Solaris
9 8 (0.38%) Windows 10
10 7 (0.34%) VME
11 6 (0.29%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
12 5 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
13 3 (0.14%) OpenVMS
13 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
14 2 (0.096%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.096%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.096%) VMS
15 1 (0.048%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,958 (93.77%) Agile Software Development
2 477 (22.84%) Project Management
3 448 (21.46%) Stakeholder Management
4 388 (18.58%) Scrum
5 324 (15.52%) SDLC
6 253 (12.12%) Business Analysis
7 238 (11.40%) PRINCE2
8 216 (10.34%) Problem-Solving
9 185 (8.86%) DevOps
10 184 (8.81%) Test Automation
11 174 (8.33%) Migration
12 155 (7.42%) User Stories
13 150 (7.18%) Business Intelligence
14 144 (6.90%) E-Commerce
15 137 (6.56%) Kanban
16 136 (6.51%) Test Strategy
17 133 (6.37%) User Acceptance Testing
18 130 (6.23%) Coaching
19 125 (5.99%) ITIL
19 125 (5.99%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 291 (13.94%) SQL
2 223 (10.68%) Java
3 124 (5.94%) C#
4 80 (3.83%) JavaScript
5 75 (3.59%) Python
6 48 (2.30%) Perl
7 43 (2.06%) Shell Script
8 36 (1.72%) C
9 31 (1.48%) PL/SQL
10 27 (1.29%) C++
11 26 (1.25%) T-SQL
12 25 (1.20%) PowerShell
12 25 (1.20%) Scala
13 18 (0.86%) PHP
13 18 (0.86%) VB
14 13 (0.62%) VB.NET
15 11 (0.53%) ABAP
16 10 (0.48%) Bash Shell
17 9 (0.43%) Java 8
17 9 (0.43%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 199 (9.53%) Degree
2 124 (5.94%) Security Cleared
3 95 (4.55%) SC Cleared
4 82 (3.93%) ISEB
5 61 (2.92%) ISTQB
6 54 (2.59%) PMI Certification
7 46 (2.20%) PMP
8 37 (1.77%) CISSP
9 34 (1.63%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 33 (1.58%) CISM
11 23 (1.10%) Computer Science Degree
12 17 (0.81%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 15 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
14 14 (0.67%) APMP
14 14 (0.67%) DV Cleared
15 12 (0.57%) CISA
15 12 (0.57%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
16 11 (0.53%) ISEB Practitioner
16 11 (0.53%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
17 10 (0.48%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (6.23%) QA
2 84 (4.02%) PMO
3 45 (2.16%) GDPR
4 36 (1.72%) Data Quality
5 25 (1.20%) PCI DSS
6 12 (0.57%) ISO 9001
6 12 (0.57%) WCAG
7 11 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 10 (0.48%) GxP
9 9 (0.43%) ISAE 3402
9 9 (0.43%) ISO 22301
9 9 (0.43%) ISO 31000
9 9 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 9 (0.43%) PSD2
9 9 (0.43%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 7 (0.34%) SLA
11 4 (0.19%) MiFID
11 4 (0.19%) SEPA
12 3 (0.14%) DO-178B
12 3 (0.14%) HL7
System Software
1 41 (1.96%) Docker
2 25 (1.20%) Active Directory
3 12 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
4 11 (0.53%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.38%) Apache Flume
5 8 (0.38%) HDFS
6 5 (0.24%) Virtual Desktop
7 4 (0.19%) ISA Server
8 2 (0.096%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.096%) KVM
8 2 (0.096%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.048%) IAG
9 1 (0.048%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.048%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.048%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 63 (3.02%) Ansible
2 41 (1.96%) Terraform
3 40 (1.92%) Puppet
4 30 (1.44%) HP ALM
5 27 (1.29%) HP Quality Center
6 20 (0.96%) Kubernetes
7 16 (0.77%) Nessus
7 16 (0.77%) Single Sign-On
8 13 (0.62%) Opscode Chef
9 12 (0.57%) CloudForms
9 12 (0.57%) Kibana
9 12 (0.57%) SCOrch
10 11 (0.53%) logstash
11 10 (0.48%) Hadoop YARN
12 9 (0.43%) Trend Micro Deep Security
13 8 (0.38%) Oozie
14 7 (0.34%) Nagios
15 3 (0.14%) CA Service Virtualization
15 3 (0.14%) Cacti
15 3 (0.14%) SCCM
Vendors
1 257 (12.31%) Microsoft
2 169 (8.09%) Oracle
3 114 (5.46%) SAP
4 59 (2.83%) IBM
5 54 (2.59%) HP
6 51 (2.44%) Salesforce.com
7 42 (2.01%) Informatica
8 34 (1.63%) Google
8 34 (1.63%) Red Hat
9 30 (1.44%) Black Duck
10 29 (1.39%) Splunk
11 28 (1.34%) webMethods
12 27 (1.29%) Atlassian
13 25 (1.20%) Pega
14 22 (1.05%) BEA
15 21 (1.01%) Tableau
16 19 (0.91%) Cisco
16 19 (0.91%) Cloudera
17 18 (0.86%) hybris
18 15 (0.72%) Adobe