Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
UK > England
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 119 123 117
Rank change year-on-year +4 -6 -18
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 2,107 1,956 2,088
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.19% 2.06% 2.17%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.52% 2.39% 2.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,337 1,422 1,461
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £335 £315 £313
90th Percentile £633 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 8 3
England median hourly rate £35.00 £36.50 £36.14
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.11% +1.00% +49.15%
10th Percentile £19.68 £26.78 £36.03
90th Percentile £47.50 £57.50 £87.23
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £36.14
% change year-on-year -12.50% +10.68% +49.15%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83,576 81,845 82,209
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.76% 86.07% 85.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,042 55,106 54,600
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £300 £283 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,093 1,894 2,276
England median hourly rate £22.00 £25.00 £22.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.00% +9.48% +3.80%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.50 £49.75 £47.81
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -8.33% +6.67% +2.27%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in England over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in England over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the England region over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 871 £500 +5.26% 135
South East -15 391 £475 +5.56% 68
Midlands +37 295 £450 +16.13% 46
North of England -20 275 £438 +2.94% 63
West Midlands +30 194 £450 +16.13% 32
South West +9 154 £425 - 49
Yorkshire -1 136 £434 +2.06% 29
East of England +16 127 £450 +7.78% 32
North West -35 107 £413 -8.33% 28
East Midlands +31 94 £435 +15.23% 14
North East -5 36 £480 +11.30% 6
Waterfall
UK

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 1,988 (94.35%) Agile Software Development
2 623 (29.57%) Finance
3 466 (22.12%) Project Management
4 450 (21.36%) Stakeholder Management
5 371 (17.61%) Scrum
6 338 (16.04%) SDLC
7 320 (15.19%) JIRA
8 318 (15.09%) Microsoft
9 298 (14.14%) SQL
10 252 (11.96%) Java
11 231 (10.96%) Test Automation
12 230 (10.92%) Degree
13 225 (10.68%) Business Analysis
14 223 (10.58%) Analytical Skills
14 223 (10.58%) Problem-Solving
15 215 (10.20%) PRINCE2
16 198 (9.40%) Retail
17 194 (9.21%) DevOps
18 190 (9.02%) Microsoft Azure
19 183 (8.69%) Oracle
20 170 (8.07%) User Stories
21 169 (8.02%) Banking
22 168 (7.97%) Migration
23 166 (7.88%) Windows
24 160 (7.59%) .NET
25 158 (7.50%) Confluence
26 154 (7.31%) Linux
26 154 (7.31%) Amazon AWS
27 151 (7.17%) Coaching
28 148 (7.02%) C#

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 158 (7.50%) Confluence
2 67 (3.18%) SharePoint
3 35 (1.66%) WebLogic
4 32 (1.52%) Apache Spark
5 26 (1.23%) CMS
6 20 (0.95%) Apache
6 20 (0.95%) OpenStack
7 18 (0.85%) SAP Portal
8 16 (0.76%) WebSphere
9 14 (0.66%) IIS
9 14 (0.66%) SAS
9 14 (0.66%) Tomcat
10 13 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 12 (0.57%) JBoss
12 10 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
12 10 (0.47%) Drupal
12 10 (0.47%) Elasticsearch
13 8 (0.38%) Anypoint
13 8 (0.38%) SharePoint Server
14 7 (0.33%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 119 (5.65%) Microsoft Office
2 88 (4.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 79 (3.75%) Microsoft Project
4 60 (2.85%) MS Visio
5 47 (2.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 8 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.14%) SPSS
8 2 (0.095%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.047%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.047%) InVision
9 1 (0.047%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 31 (1.47%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.47%) SAP CRM
3 9 (0.43%) Dynamics AX
3 9 (0.43%) Dynamics NAV
4 8 (0.38%) Oracle EBS R12
5 7 (0.33%) SAP S/4HANA
6 6 (0.28%) Oracle FAH
7 5 (0.24%) Endur
7 5 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
7 5 (0.24%) SAP PSCD
8 3 (0.14%) CA PPM
8 3 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
8 3 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
8 3 (0.14%) Oracle Retail
8 3 (0.14%) SAP CO
8 3 (0.14%) SAP FI
8 3 (0.14%) SAP FI/CO
8 3 (0.14%) SAP HCM
8 3 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
8 3 (0.14%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 190 (9.02%) Microsoft Azure
2 154 (7.31%) Amazon AWS
3 54 (2.56%) Office 365
4 47 (2.23%) PaaS
5 46 (2.18%) IaaS
6 42 (1.99%) SaaS
7 33 (1.57%) Dynamics 365
8 27 (1.28%) Google Cloud Platform
9 25 (1.19%) Slack
10 21 (1.00%) GitHub
11 18 (0.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 15 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
13 12 (0.57%) Amazon EC2
13 12 (0.57%) Amazon S3
13 12 (0.57%) Apigee
13 12 (0.57%) Azure Data Factory
14 11 (0.52%) OpenShift
15 10 (0.47%) Boomi
16 8 (0.38%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 8 (0.38%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 26 (1.23%) Firewall
2 23 (1.09%) Internet
3 22 (1.04%) WAN
4 21 (1.00%) SNMP
5 19 (0.90%) HTTP
5 19 (0.90%) LAN
6 16 (0.76%) VPN
7 14 (0.66%) VoIP
8 13 (0.62%) 802.11
8 13 (0.62%) Wireless
9 12 (0.57%) DNS
10 9 (0.43%) NFC
11 8 (0.38%) TCP/IP
12 7 (0.33%) SAN
13 5 (0.24%) PuTTY
13 5 (0.24%) SMS
14 4 (0.19%) Network Security
14 4 (0.19%) Software-Defined Networking
14 4 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
15 3 (0.14%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 139 (6.60%) SQL Server
2 96 (4.56%) Data Warehouse
3 75 (3.56%) Big Data
4 63 (2.99%) Hadoop
5 57 (2.71%) Relational Database
6 38 (1.80%) Apache Hive
6 38 (1.80%) NoSQL
7 33 (1.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 32 (1.52%) RDBMS
9 31 (1.47%) BusinessObjects
10 29 (1.38%) MySQL
11 23 (1.09%) HBase
11 23 (1.09%) Power BI
12 22 (1.04%) Data Lake
12 22 (1.04%) Impala
13 20 (0.95%) SQL Server 2012
14 19 (0.90%) MongoDB
15 15 (0.71%) Oracle Database
16 13 (0.62%) Azure SQL Database
16 13 (0.62%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 320 (15.19%) JIRA
2 127 (6.03%) Jenkins
3 90 (4.27%) Git (software)
4 79 (3.75%) Selenium
5 67 (3.18%) Team Foundation Server
6 66 (3.13%) Visual Studio
7 49 (2.33%) SoapUI
8 44 (2.09%) GitLab
9 41 (1.95%) Visual Studio Team System
10 40 (1.90%) Cucumber
11 38 (1.80%) Sonatype Nexus
12 36 (1.71%) HP UFT
13 35 (1.66%) Burp Suite
14 32 (1.52%) Maven
15 30 (1.42%) JMeter
15 30 (1.42%) LoadRunner
16 29 (1.38%) Octopus Deploy
17 27 (1.28%) Bitbucket
18 26 (1.23%) JUnit
19 23 (1.09%) Subversion
General
1 623 (29.57%) Finance
2 198 (9.40%) Retail
3 169 (8.02%) Banking
4 80 (3.80%) Marketing
5 72 (3.42%) Telecoms
6 44 (2.09%) Manufacturing
7 41 (1.95%) Back Office
8 37 (1.76%) Legal
9 26 (1.23%) Investment Banking
10 25 (1.19%) Financial Institution
11 24 (1.14%) Law
12 21 (1.00%) Front Office
12 21 (1.00%) Publishing
13 20 (0.95%) Billing
14 19 (0.90%) Retail Banking
15 18 (0.85%) Electronics
16 16 (0.76%) Advertising
16 16 (0.76%) Pharmaceutical
17 11 (0.52%) German Language
18 10 (0.47%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 496 (23.54%) Analyst
2 437 (20.74%) Project Manager
3 350 (16.61%) Business Analyst
4 231 (10.96%) Developer
5 166 (7.88%) Architect
6 90 (4.27%) IT Manager
6 90 (4.27%) Test Manager
7 80 (3.80%) IT Project Manager
8 77 (3.65%) Test Analyst
9 67 (3.18%) Scrum Master
10 66 (3.13%) Solutions Architect
11 64 (3.04%) Senior Manager
12 62 (2.94%) Delivery Manager
13 54 (2.56%) Programme Manager
14 52 (2.47%) Senior Project Manager
15 49 (2.33%) Agile Project Manager
16 48 (2.28%) Tester
17 45 (2.14%) .NET Developer
18 41 (1.95%) Consultant
18 41 (1.95%) Senior Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 160 (7.59%) .NET
2 127 (6.03%) Web Services
3 90 (4.27%) XML
4 89 (4.22%) HTML
5 67 (3.18%) REST
6 62 (2.94%) CSS
7 51 (2.42%) SOAP
8 48 (2.28%) J2EE
9 47 (2.23%) jQuery
10 46 (2.18%) Spring
11 44 (2.09%) ASP.NET
12 42 (1.99%) Kafka
13 37 (1.76%) ASP.NET Web API
13 37 (1.76%) JSON
14 35 (1.66%) HTML5
14 35 (1.66%) Velocity
15 34 (1.61%) AngularJS
16 33 (1.57%) .NET Framework
17 28 (1.33%) Middleware
18 27 (1.28%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 223 (10.58%) Analytical Skills
2 77 (3.65%) Management Information System
3 72 (3.42%) Mobile App
4 65 (3.08%) Data Centre
5 58 (2.75%) User Experience
6 49 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
7 45 (2.14%) Virtual Team
8 31 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
9 28 (1.33%) Hybrid Cloud
9 28 (1.33%) Public Cloud
10 26 (1.23%) Greenfield Project
11 21 (1.00%) PMI
12 18 (0.85%) Mainframe
13 17 (0.81%) Cyberthreat
14 16 (0.76%) Data Structures
14 16 (0.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 16 (0.76%) Wiki
15 15 (0.71%) PKI
16 14 (0.66%) Driving Licence
16 14 (0.66%) SCADA
Operating Systems
1 166 (7.88%) Windows
2 154 (7.31%) Linux
3 99 (4.70%) Unix
4 36 (1.71%) Windows Server
5 31 (1.47%) CentOS
6 24 (1.14%) Apple iOS
6 24 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (1.04%) Android
8 16 (0.76%) Windows 10
9 15 (0.71%) Kali Linux
10 13 (0.62%) Solaris
11 7 (0.33%) VME
12 6 (0.28%) Ubuntu
13 4 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
13 4 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.14%) OpenVMS
14 3 (0.14%) Windows 7
14 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
15 1 (0.047%) Mac OS
15 1 (0.047%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,988 (94.35%) Agile Software Development
2 466 (22.12%) Project Management
3 450 (21.36%) Stakeholder Management
4 371 (17.61%) Scrum
5 338 (16.04%) SDLC
6 231 (10.96%) Test Automation
7 225 (10.68%) Business Analysis
8 223 (10.58%) Problem-Solving
9 215 (10.20%) PRINCE2
10 194 (9.21%) DevOps
11 170 (8.07%) User Stories
12 168 (7.97%) Migration
13 151 (7.17%) Coaching
14 147 (6.98%) Test Strategy
15 136 (6.45%) ITIL
15 136 (6.45%) User Acceptance Testing
16 126 (5.98%) Business Intelligence
16 126 (5.98%) E-Commerce
17 125 (5.93%) Continuous Integration
18 124 (5.89%) Test Management
Programming Languages
1 298 (14.14%) SQL
2 252 (11.96%) Java
3 148 (7.02%) C#
4 94 (4.46%) JavaScript
5 88 (4.18%) Python
6 41 (1.95%) Perl
7 40 (1.90%) Shell Script
8 39 (1.85%) C
9 36 (1.71%) PowerShell
10 35 (1.66%) PL/SQL
11 31 (1.47%) Scala
12 30 (1.42%) Bash Shell
12 30 (1.42%) T-SQL
13 22 (1.04%) PHP
13 22 (1.04%) Ruby
14 21 (1.00%) C++
15 17 (0.81%) VB
16 16 (0.76%) ABAP
17 15 (0.71%) Lua
18 10 (0.47%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 230 (10.92%) Degree
2 136 (6.45%) Security Cleared
3 98 (4.65%) SC Cleared
4 94 (4.46%) ISEB
5 78 (3.70%) ISTQB
6 39 (1.85%) PMP
7 38 (1.80%) PMI Certification
8 32 (1.52%) CISSP
9 26 (1.23%) CISM
10 25 (1.19%) Computer Science Degree
11 24 (1.14%) ISEB Practitioner
11 24 (1.14%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 17 (0.81%) Master's Degree
13 15 (0.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 14 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
14 14 (0.66%) CREST Certified
14 14 (0.66%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 14 (0.66%) OSCE
15 13 (0.62%) DV Cleared
15 13 (0.62%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 136 (6.45%) QA
2 80 (3.80%) PMO
3 38 (1.80%) GDPR
4 26 (1.23%) Data Quality
5 25 (1.19%) WCAG
6 24 (1.14%) PCI DSS
7 14 (0.66%) PSD2
8 13 (0.62%) ISO 9001
8 13 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 10 (0.47%) GxP
10 9 (0.43%) ISAE 3402
10 9 (0.43%) ISO 22301
10 9 (0.43%) ISO 31000
10 9 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 9 (0.43%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 5 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
11 5 (0.24%) PMBOK
12 4 (0.19%) SEPA
13 3 (0.14%) DO-178B
13 3 (0.14%) SLA
System Software
1 42 (1.99%) Docker
2 37 (1.76%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.38%) ISA Server
5 7 (0.33%) Apache Flume
6 6 (0.28%) HDFS
7 5 (0.24%) Virtual Desktop
7 5 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.095%) KVM
9 2 (0.095%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.095%) XenApp
10 1 (0.047%) IAG
10 1 (0.047%) OpenAM
10 1 (0.047%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 70 (3.32%) Ansible
2 48 (2.28%) Terraform
3 44 (2.09%) Nessus
4 43 (2.04%) Puppet
5 33 (1.57%) HP ALM
6 32 (1.52%) HP Quality Center
7 18 (0.85%) Kubernetes
8 15 (0.71%) Nmap
9 12 (0.57%) CloudForms
9 12 (0.57%) SCOrch
10 11 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
11 10 (0.47%) Hadoop YARN
11 10 (0.47%) logstash
12 9 (0.43%) Kibana
12 9 (0.43%) Trend Micro Deep Security
13 7 (0.33%) Nagios
13 7 (0.33%) SCCM
14 6 (0.28%) Oozie
14 6 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
15 4 (0.19%) CA Service Virtualization
Vendors
1 318 (15.09%) Microsoft
2 183 (8.69%) Oracle
3 118 (5.60%) SAP
4 68 (3.23%) IBM
5 60 (2.85%) HP
6 48 (2.28%) Red Hat
7 41 (1.95%) Salesforce.com
8 36 (1.71%) Google
8 36 (1.71%) webMethods
9 35 (1.66%) Informatica
10 33 (1.57%) Black Duck
11 32 (1.52%) Splunk
12 29 (1.38%) Atlassian
12 29 (1.38%) Cisco
13 28 (1.33%) Cloudera
14 23 (1.09%) Adobe
15 22 (1.04%) Teradata
16 21 (1.00%) BEA
16 21 (1.00%) Pega
16 21 (1.00%) ServiceNow