Period
to 16 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 16 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
UK > England
6 months to
16 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 114 122 108
Rank change year-on-year +8 -14 +14
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 2,165 1,814 2,270
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.32% 2.06% 2.25%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.69% 2.40% 2.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,455 1,274 1,577
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +7.14%
10th Percentile £338 £313 £313
90th Percentile £638 £615 £600
UK median daily rate £470 £450 £441
% change year-on-year +4.44% +2.04% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 5 6
England median hourly rate £24.00 £45.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -47.25% +10.98% +30.41%
10th Percentile £14.00 £36.90 £34.88
90th Percentile £46.75 £48.75 £44.50
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £47.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year -49.47% +15.85% +30.41%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80,623 75,637 85,743
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.32% 85.76% 85.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 53,688 49,933 57,204
England median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +4.42%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £606
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,175 1,877 2,060
England median hourly rate £21.50 £23.50 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.51% - +8.60%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.71
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.49 £23.50
% change year-on-year -14.23% +4.19% +8.47%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in England over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in England over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the England region over the 6 months to 16 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 906 £500 +5.26% 137
South East +17 436 £463 +2.78% 72
North of England -3 296 £425 - 74
Midlands +29 236 £450 +16.13% 44
East of England +19 151 £469 +9.33% 17
West Midlands +15 151 £450 +34.33% 27
South West +52 147 £450 +28.57% 34
Yorkshire +1 141 £425 - 25
North West -17 125 £400 -11.11% 47
East Midlands +31 79 £450 - 17
North East +6 36 £475 +5.56% 2
Waterfall
UK

For the 6 months to 16 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 2,012 (92.93%) Agile Software Development
2 730 (33.72%) Finance
3 488 (22.54%) Project Management
4 466 (21.52%) Stakeholder Management
5 427 (19.72%) Scrum
6 350 (16.17%) SDLC
7 286 (13.21%) PRINCE2
8 282 (13.03%) SQL
9 276 (12.75%) JIRA
10 272 (12.56%) Business Analysis
11 236 (10.90%) Microsoft
12 222 (10.25%) Java
13 209 (9.65%) Retail
14 206 (9.52%) Degree
15 205 (9.47%) Oracle
15 205 (9.47%) Problem-Solving
16 203 (9.38%) Analytical Skills
17 194 (8.96%) Test Automation
18 190 (8.78%) Migration
19 187 (8.64%) DevOps
20 180 (8.31%) Banking
21 177 (8.18%) User Stories
22 164 (7.58%) Security Cleared
23 162 (7.48%) Business Intelligence
24 159 (7.34%) Kanban
25 158 (7.30%) Test Strategy
26 150 (6.93%) QA
26 150 (6.93%) User Acceptance Testing
27 149 (6.88%) E-Commerce
28 148 (6.84%) .NET

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 116 (5.36%) Confluence
2 62 (2.86%) SharePoint
3 30 (1.39%) CMS
4 29 (1.34%) WebLogic
5 21 (0.97%) IIS
6 19 (0.88%) WebSphere
7 16 (0.74%) SharePoint Server
8 15 (0.69%) Apache
8 15 (0.69%) Apache Spark
9 14 (0.65%) Documentum
10 12 (0.55%) SAS
11 11 (0.51%) MS Exchange
12 10 (0.46%) Anypoint
13 9 (0.42%) Elasticsearch
14 6 (0.28%) JBoss
14 6 (0.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 6 (0.28%) SAP Portal
14 6 (0.28%) Tomcat
15 5 (0.23%) BizTalk Server
15 5 (0.23%) EPiServer
Applications
1 114 (5.27%) Microsoft Office
2 94 (4.34%) Microsoft Excel
3 86 (3.97%) Microsoft Project
4 82 (3.79%) MS Visio
5 34 (1.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.18%) SPSS
7 1 (0.046%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.046%) InVision
7 1 (0.046%) OmniGraffle
7 1 (0.046%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 25 (1.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.55%) Dynamics NAV
3 7 (0.32%) Magento
4 6 (0.28%) Eloqua
4 6 (0.28%) SAP PSCD
5 5 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
5 5 (0.23%) Oracle Retail
6 4 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
6 4 (0.18%) Eagle PACE
6 4 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
6 4 (0.18%) Primavera
6 4 (0.18%) SAP ERP
6 4 (0.18%) SAP FI
6 4 (0.18%) Sonata
7 3 (0.14%) CA PPM
7 3 (0.14%) SAP CO
7 3 (0.14%) SAP FI/CO
7 3 (0.14%) SAP HR
7 3 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 148 (6.84%) Microsoft Azure
2 99 (4.57%) Amazon AWS
3 70 (3.23%) SaaS
4 57 (2.63%) Office 365
5 49 (2.26%) PaaS
6 44 (2.03%) IaaS
7 30 (1.39%) GitHub
8 23 (1.06%) Cloud Computing
9 22 (1.02%) Google Cloud Platform
10 12 (0.55%) Boomi
11 11 (0.51%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 10 (0.46%) Heroku
12 10 (0.46%) Slack
13 9 (0.42%) BrowserStack
14 8 (0.37%) Amazon EC2
14 8 (0.37%) Azure Data Factory
14 8 (0.37%) Dynamics 365
14 8 (0.37%) NuGet
14 8 (0.37%) Trello
15 7 (0.32%) Force.com
Communications & Networking
1 35 (1.62%) Firewall
2 33 (1.52%) SMS
3 31 (1.43%) Internet
4 16 (0.74%) WAN
5 13 (0.60%) LAN
6 12 (0.55%) SNMP
7 11 (0.51%) PuTTY
8 8 (0.37%) DNS
8 8 (0.37%) HTTP
8 8 (0.37%) Intranet
8 8 (0.37%) VLAN
9 6 (0.28%) Broadband
9 6 (0.28%) Wi-Fi
10 5 (0.23%) Network Security
11 4 (0.18%) Unified Communications
12 3 (0.14%) NFC
12 3 (0.14%) TCP/IP
12 3 (0.14%) WLAN
13 2 (0.092%) ATM
13 2 (0.092%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 145 (6.70%) SQL Server
2 109 (5.03%) Data Warehouse
3 69 (3.19%) Relational Database
4 51 (2.36%) Big Data
5 46 (2.12%) Hadoop
6 43 (1.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 36 (1.66%) BusinessObjects
8 35 (1.62%) RDBMS
8 35 (1.62%) SQL Server 2012
9 33 (1.52%) MySQL
10 29 (1.34%) NoSQL
10 29 (1.34%) SQL Server 2016
11 28 (1.29%) SQL Server 2014
12 26 (1.20%) Power BI
13 22 (1.02%) MongoDB
14 21 (0.97%) Apache Hive
14 21 (0.97%) Oracle Database
15 20 (0.92%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 16 (0.74%) SQL Server 2008
16 16 (0.74%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 276 (12.75%) JIRA
2 96 (4.43%) Jenkins
3 84 (3.88%) Git (software)
4 67 (3.09%) Selenium
5 57 (2.63%) Visual Studio
6 51 (2.36%) Team Foundation Server
7 38 (1.76%) Cucumber
7 38 (1.76%) JUnit
8 32 (1.48%) SoapUI
8 32 (1.48%) Subversion
9 28 (1.29%) JMeter
9 28 (1.29%) Maven
10 24 (1.11%) Bitbucket
11 22 (1.02%) LoadRunner
12 21 (0.97%) HP UFT
12 21 (0.97%) Sonatype Nexus
13 19 (0.88%) Eclipse
13 19 (0.88%) GitLab
14 18 (0.83%) CA Gen
14 18 (0.83%) SpecFlow
General
1 730 (33.72%) Finance
2 209 (9.65%) Retail
3 180 (8.31%) Banking
4 77 (3.56%) Marketing
5 74 (3.42%) Telecoms
6 56 (2.59%) Legal
7 38 (1.76%) Law
8 37 (1.71%) Back Office
8 37 (1.71%) Manufacturing
9 31 (1.43%) Investment Banking
10 28 (1.29%) Pharmaceutical
11 19 (0.88%) Billing
12 18 (0.83%) Publishing
13 15 (0.69%) Automotive
13 15 (0.69%) Electronics
13 15 (0.69%) Front Office
14 14 (0.65%) Advertising
14 14 (0.65%) French Language
14 14 (0.65%) Retail Banking
15 11 (0.51%) Games
Job Titles
1 541 (24.99%) Analyst
2 518 (23.93%) Project Manager
3 377 (17.41%) Business Analyst
4 277 (12.79%) Developer
5 183 (8.45%) Architect
6 98 (4.53%) IT Manager
7 84 (3.88%) Delivery Manager
8 83 (3.83%) Test Analyst
9 76 (3.51%) IT Project Manager
10 72 (3.33%) Solutions Architect
11 71 (3.28%) Senior Manager
12 69 (3.19%) Programme Manager
13 68 (3.14%) Senior Analyst
14 59 (2.73%) Infrastructure Manager
15 56 (2.59%) Scrum Master
15 56 (2.59%) Senior Project Manager
16 54 (2.49%) Test Manager
17 49 (2.26%) Java Developer
18 47 (2.17%) Agile Project Manager
19 43 (1.99%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 148 (6.84%) .NET
2 101 (4.67%) HTML
3 98 (4.53%) Web Services
4 76 (3.51%) XML
5 74 (3.42%) J2EE
6 64 (2.96%) CSS
6 64 (2.96%) REST
7 58 (2.68%) Spring
8 48 (2.22%) AngularJS
9 43 (1.99%) SOAP
10 41 (1.89%) HTML5
10 41 (1.89%) jQuery
11 40 (1.85%) JSON
12 37 (1.71%) ASP.NET
13 36 (1.66%) RESTful
14 35 (1.62%) Middleware
15 34 (1.57%) Velocity
16 32 (1.48%) WCF
17 30 (1.39%) WPF
18 28 (1.29%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 203 (9.38%) Analytical Skills
2 100 (4.62%) User Experience
3 71 (3.28%) Management Information System
4 67 (3.09%) Mobile App
5 61 (2.82%) Virtual Team
6 54 (2.49%) Data Centre
7 53 (2.45%) Computer Science
7 53 (2.45%) Self-Motivation
8 44 (2.03%) Enterprise Software
9 42 (1.94%) Greenfield Project
10 31 (1.43%) PMI
11 25 (1.15%) Reinsurance
12 23 (1.06%) Mainframe
13 22 (1.02%) Mobile Payment
14 15 (0.69%) PKI
15 12 (0.55%) Hybrid Cloud
15 12 (0.55%) NHS
16 11 (0.51%) Data Structures
16 11 (0.51%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
16 11 (0.51%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 112 (5.17%) Windows
2 94 (4.34%) Linux
3 92 (4.25%) Unix
4 24 (1.11%) Android
5 23 (1.06%) Apple iOS
6 22 (1.02%) Windows Server
7 16 (0.74%) CentOS
8 12 (0.55%) Mac OS
8 12 (0.55%) Mac OS X
8 12 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 11 (0.51%) Windows 10
10 7 (0.32%) AIX
11 6 (0.28%) Solaris
11 6 (0.28%) VME
12 5 (0.23%) VMS
13 4 (0.18%) Windows 7
13 4 (0.18%) Windows Server 2003
14 3 (0.14%) OpenVMS
14 3 (0.14%) Ubuntu
14 3 (0.14%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,012 (92.93%) Agile Software Development
2 488 (22.54%) Project Management
3 466 (21.52%) Stakeholder Management
4 427 (19.72%) Scrum
5 350 (16.17%) SDLC
6 286 (13.21%) PRINCE2
7 272 (12.56%) Business Analysis
8 205 (9.47%) Problem-Solving
9 194 (8.96%) Test Automation
10 190 (8.78%) Migration
11 187 (8.64%) DevOps
12 177 (8.18%) User Stories
13 162 (7.48%) Business Intelligence
14 159 (7.34%) Kanban
15 158 (7.30%) Test Strategy
16 150 (6.93%) User Acceptance Testing
17 149 (6.88%) E-Commerce
18 140 (6.47%) ITIL
19 138 (6.37%) Data Modelling
20 137 (6.33%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 282 (13.03%) SQL
2 222 (10.25%) Java
3 135 (6.24%) C#
4 124 (5.73%) JavaScript
5 69 (3.19%) C
6 58 (2.68%) Shell Script
7 52 (2.40%) Python
8 45 (2.08%) Perl
8 45 (2.08%) PL/SQL
9 36 (1.66%) T-SQL
10 35 (1.62%) PowerShell
11 25 (1.15%) C++
12 20 (0.92%) VBA
13 19 (0.88%) Apple Swift
14 14 (0.65%) Ruby
14 14 (0.65%) VB
15 13 (0.60%) Kotlin
16 12 (0.55%) Objective-C
16 12 (0.55%) Scala
17 10 (0.46%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 206 (9.52%) Degree
2 164 (7.58%) Security Cleared
3 126 (5.82%) SC Cleared
4 101 (4.67%) ISEB
5 72 (3.33%) PMI Certification
6 65 (3.00%) ISTQB
7 52 (2.40%) PMP
8 44 (2.03%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 25 (1.15%) CISM
9 25 (1.15%) CISSP
9 25 (1.15%) Computer Science Degree
9 25 (1.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 23 (1.06%) DV Cleared
11 21 (0.97%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 14 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
13 12 (0.55%) ISEB Practitioner
14 11 (0.51%) APMP
14 11 (0.51%) ITIL Certification
15 10 (0.46%) CISA
15 10 (0.46%) PgMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 150 (6.93%) QA
2 73 (3.37%) PMO
3 52 (2.40%) GDPR
4 43 (1.99%) Data Quality
5 19 (0.88%) PCI DSS
6 12 (0.55%) SLA
6 12 (0.55%) WCAG
7 10 (0.46%) GxP
8 9 (0.42%) ISO 9001
9 7 (0.32%) ISAE 3402
9 7 (0.32%) ISO 22301
9 7 (0.32%) ISO 31000
9 7 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 7 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 7 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 6 (0.28%) PSD2
11 4 (0.18%) MiFID
12 3 (0.14%) DO-178B
12 3 (0.14%) HL7
12 3 (0.14%) IFRS
System Software
1 33 (1.52%) Docker
2 28 (1.29%) Active Directory
3 14 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
5 6 (0.28%) Apache Flume
5 6 (0.28%) HDFS
6 4 (0.18%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
7 2 (0.092%) ISA Server
7 2 (0.092%) Microsoft App-V
7 2 (0.092%) XenApp
8 1 (0.046%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.046%) BitLocker
8 1 (0.046%) IAG
8 1 (0.046%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 31 (1.43%) Ansible
2 29 (1.34%) Puppet
3 28 (1.29%) HP ALM
4 22 (1.02%) HP Quality Center
5 20 (0.92%) Single Sign-On
6 19 (0.88%) Terraform
7 18 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
8 16 (0.74%) SCCM
9 14 (0.65%) Nessus
10 12 (0.55%) Kubernetes
11 8 (0.37%) Kibana
12 7 (0.32%) logstash
12 7 (0.32%) Perfmon
12 7 (0.32%) Trend Micro Deep Security
13 6 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
13 6 (0.28%) Oozie
14 4 (0.18%) Oracle Identity Management
14 4 (0.18%) SCOM
14 4 (0.18%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
15 3 (0.14%) Nagios
Vendors
1 236 (10.90%) Microsoft
2 205 (9.47%) Oracle
3 113 (5.22%) SAP
4 68 (3.14%) IBM
5 52 (2.40%) Salesforce.com
6 45 (2.08%) Informatica
7 42 (1.94%) HP
8 36 (1.66%) Pega
9 32 (1.48%) Google
10 27 (1.25%) Citrix
10 27 (1.25%) webMethods
11 24 (1.11%) BEA
12 23 (1.06%) Atlassian
13 21 (0.97%) Red Hat
13 21 (0.97%) Splunk
14 20 (0.92%) hybris
15 19 (0.88%) Tableau
16 18 (0.83%) ServiceNow
17 17 (0.79%) Black Duck
17 17 (0.79%) Talend