Period
to 21 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 21 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 142 113 119
Rank change year-on-year -29 +6 -16
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 1,629 2,184 1,840
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.93% 2.30% 2.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.22% 2.65% 2.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,049 1,465 1,305
England median daily rate £470 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.05% +5.56% +1.12%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £642 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £465 £470 £450
% change year-on-year -1.06% +4.44% +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 15 4
England median hourly rate £60.50 £24.00 £46.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +152.08% -48.39% +8.14%
10th Percentile £35.00 £14.00 £42.45
90th Percentile £86.15 £46.75 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £60.50 £24.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +152.08% -49.47% +9.83%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 73,529 82,454 75,906
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.31% 86.76% 85.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 48,926 54,861 49,998
England median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £305 £300 £280
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £445
% change year-on-year +5.56% +1.12% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,007 2,284 1,960
England median hourly rate £25.12 £22.46 £24.47
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.84% -8.20% +4.12%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.60 £50.42 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £21.90 £25.00
% change year-on-year +14.16% -12.40% +4.17%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in England over the 6 months to 21 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall in England over the 6 months to 21 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Waterfall in England

Waterfall
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the England region over the 6 months to 21 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -17 732 £513 +2.55% 72
South East -21 305 £450 - 63
North of England -37 184 £450 +6.51% 88
South West -5 163 £450 - 33
Midlands -8 156 £400 -10.61% 35
North West -16 89 £475 +18.75% 40
East Midlands +25 85 £388 -13.89% 11
East of England -37 84 £465 +0.54% 29
Yorkshire -15 78 £434 +2.06% 25
West Midlands -36 68 £413 -2.94% 24
North East -1 17 £403 -10.56% 23
Waterfall
UK

For the 6 months to 21 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 1,532 (94.05%) Agile Software Development
2 451 (27.69%) Finance
3 415 (25.48%) Project Management
4 310 (19.03%) Stakeholder Management
5 262 (16.08%) SDLC
6 254 (15.59%) Scrum
7 226 (13.87%) JIRA
8 209 (12.83%) PRINCE2
9 206 (12.65%) Java
10 195 (11.97%) Microsoft
11 179 (10.99%) DevOps
12 174 (10.68%) Banking
13 173 (10.62%) Problem-Solving
14 169 (10.37%) Business Analysis
15 162 (9.94%) SQL
16 160 (9.82%) Microsoft Azure
17 159 (9.76%) Analytical Skills
18 157 (9.64%) Retail
19 147 (9.02%) ITIL
20 142 (8.72%) Oracle
21 139 (8.53%) Security Cleared
22 136 (8.35%) User Acceptance Testing
23 127 (7.80%) Test Automation
23 127 (7.80%) Windows
23 127 (7.80%) Migration
24 121 (7.43%) JavaScript
25 117 (7.18%) Business Intelligence
25 117 (7.18%) E-Commerce
26 115 (7.06%) User Stories
27 113 (6.94%) Degree

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (6.38%) Confluence
2 55 (3.38%) SharePoint
3 28 (1.72%) JBoss
4 25 (1.53%) CMS
5 23 (1.41%) WebSphere
6 20 (1.23%) IIS
6 20 (1.23%) Tomcat
7 19 (1.17%) Apache
8 14 (0.86%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 12 (0.74%) BizTalk Server
10 11 (0.68%) OpenStack
10 11 (0.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 9 (0.55%) WebLogic
12 7 (0.43%) ArcGIS
13 6 (0.37%) R Markdown
13 6 (0.37%) SharePoint 2013
13 6 (0.37%) SharePoint Server
14 5 (0.31%) Elasticsearch
14 5 (0.31%) SharePoint 2010
15 4 (0.25%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 74 (4.54%) Microsoft Office
2 62 (3.81%) Microsoft Project
3 51 (3.13%) Microsoft Excel
4 37 (2.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 37 (2.27%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
6 4 (0.25%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.061%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.061%) Stata
Business Applications
1 33 (2.03%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.86%) Dynamics AX
2 14 (0.86%) Temenos T24
3 10 (0.61%) Dynamics NAV
3 10 (0.61%) SAP Hybris
4 9 (0.55%) Remedy ITSM
4 9 (0.55%) SAP S/4HANA
5 8 (0.49%) Endur
6 6 (0.37%) Adobe Campaign
6 6 (0.37%) Oracle BPM
6 6 (0.37%) Oracle ERP
7 5 (0.31%) SAP ERP
7 5 (0.31%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 4 (0.25%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 4 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
8 4 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 3 (0.18%) BASE24
9 3 (0.18%) NetSuite
9 3 (0.18%) Primavera
9 3 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 160 (9.82%) Microsoft Azure
2 93 (5.71%) Amazon AWS
3 58 (3.56%) SaaS
4 48 (2.95%) Office 365
5 45 (2.76%) IaaS
5 45 (2.76%) Power Platform
6 41 (2.52%) Dynamics 365
7 37 (2.27%) PaaS
8 19 (1.17%) GitHub
8 19 (1.17%) Google Sheets
9 18 (1.10%) OpenShift
9 18 (1.10%) Salesforce Service Cloud
10 16 (0.98%) Azure Active Directory
11 13 (0.80%) Google Cloud Platform
12 12 (0.74%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
13 9 (0.55%) Adobe Analytics
13 9 (0.55%) Azure Stack
13 9 (0.55%) Trello
14 7 (0.43%) Google Analytics
15 6 (0.37%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 24 (1.47%) Internet
2 21 (1.29%) LAN
2 21 (1.29%) WAN
3 13 (0.80%) DNS
4 11 (0.68%) Intranet
5 10 (0.61%) Firewall
5 10 (0.61%) SAN
5 10 (0.61%) VPN
6 9 (0.55%) Unified Communications
7 8 (0.49%) MPLS
8 7 (0.43%) Ethernet
8 7 (0.43%) Skype
8 7 (0.43%) VoIP
9 6 (0.37%) 3G
9 6 (0.37%) Network Security
10 5 (0.31%) TCP/IP
11 4 (0.25%) ATM
12 3 (0.18%) BGP
12 3 (0.18%) FTP
12 3 (0.18%) UMTS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (5.40%) SQL Server
2 82 (5.03%) Data Warehouse
3 49 (3.01%) Big Data
4 41 (2.52%) Power BI
5 35 (2.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 33 (2.03%) Relational Database
7 29 (1.78%) Oracle Database
8 28 (1.72%) BusinessObjects
9 25 (1.53%) MySQL
10 18 (1.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 16 (0.98%) Hadoop
11 16 (0.98%) NoSQL
12 15 (0.92%) RDBMS
13 12 (0.74%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 11 (0.68%) Apache Hive
14 11 (0.68%) DB2
14 11 (0.68%) PostgreSQL
15 8 (0.49%) HBase
15 8 (0.49%) SAP BW
15 8 (0.49%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 226 (13.87%) JIRA
2 59 (3.62%) Jenkins
3 54 (3.31%) Team Foundation Server
4 41 (2.52%) Selenium
5 39 (2.39%) Git (software)
6 35 (2.15%) Visual Studio Team System
7 28 (1.72%) Cucumber
8 27 (1.66%) Visual Studio
9 20 (1.23%) Maven
10 16 (0.98%) JUnit
10 16 (0.98%) SpecFlow
11 15 (0.92%) Subversion
12 12 (0.74%) Bitbucket
12 12 (0.74%) SoapUI
12 12 (0.74%) WebDriver
13 11 (0.68%) Fiddler
13 11 (0.68%) HP UFT
13 11 (0.68%) TeamCity
14 9 (0.55%) Eclipse
14 9 (0.55%) NUnit
General
1 451 (27.69%) Finance
2 174 (10.68%) Banking
3 157 (9.64%) Retail
4 56 (3.44%) Marketing
5 47 (2.89%) Telecoms
6 28 (1.72%) Games
7 26 (1.60%) Legal
8 25 (1.53%) Front Office
9 22 (1.35%) Back Office
9 22 (1.35%) Manufacturing
10 19 (1.17%) Law
11 14 (0.86%) Financial Institution
12 13 (0.80%) Retail Banking
13 12 (0.74%) Publishing
14 11 (0.68%) Advertising
15 10 (0.61%) Automotive
15 10 (0.61%) Investment Banking
16 8 (0.49%) Billing
17 7 (0.43%) Electronics
17 7 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 409 (25.11%) Analyst
2 314 (19.28%) Project Manager
3 272 (16.70%) Business Analyst
4 178 (10.93%) Developer
5 173 (10.62%) Architect
6 75 (4.60%) Solutions Architect
7 72 (4.42%) IT Manager
8 55 (3.38%) Scrum Master
8 55 (3.38%) Test Manager
9 54 (3.31%) IT Project Manager
10 43 (2.64%) Test Analyst
11 41 (2.52%) Delivery Manager
12 38 (2.33%) Senior Manager
13 36 (2.21%) E-Commerce Manager
14 34 (2.09%) Technical Architect
15 33 (2.03%) Programme Manager
16 32 (1.96%) Consultant
17 31 (1.90%) E-Commerce Project Manager
17 31 (1.90%) IT Analyst
18 30 (1.84%) Senior Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 101 (6.20%) .NET
2 81 (4.97%) HTML
3 79 (4.85%) Web Services
4 72 (4.42%) REST
5 64 (3.93%) CSS
6 55 (3.38%) XML
7 50 (3.07%) J2EE
8 42 (2.58%) Middleware
9 41 (2.52%) jQuery
10 39 (2.39%) AngularJS
11 34 (2.09%) JSON
12 27 (1.66%) Spring
13 26 (1.60%) .NET Framework
14 25 (1.53%) SOAP
15 24 (1.47%) Velocity
16 21 (1.29%) ASP.NET
17 20 (1.23%) JSP
18 19 (1.17%) HTML5
19 18 (1.10%) Java EE
19 18 (1.10%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 159 (9.76%) Analytical Skills
2 60 (3.68%) Self-Motivation
3 58 (3.56%) User Experience
4 57 (3.50%) Management Information System
5 44 (2.70%) Data Centre
6 37 (2.27%) Mobile App
7 31 (1.90%) PMI
8 26 (1.60%) Enterprise Software
9 22 (1.35%) Virtual Team
10 17 (1.04%) Data Structures
11 16 (0.98%) Robotics
12 12 (0.74%) Replication
13 11 (0.68%) Mainframe
14 10 (0.61%) Hybrid Cloud
15 9 (0.55%) Equities
15 9 (0.55%) Fixed Income
15 9 (0.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 9 (0.55%) Greenfield Project
15 9 (0.55%) SWIFT
16 8 (0.49%) EPoS
Operating Systems
1 127 (7.80%) Windows
2 82 (5.03%) Linux
3 43 (2.64%) Unix
4 18 (1.10%) Solaris
5 15 (0.92%) CentOS
6 12 (0.74%) Android
7 11 (0.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 11 (0.68%) Windows 10
8 8 (0.49%) Apple iOS
8 8 (0.49%) Windows 7
8 8 (0.49%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (0.12%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.061%) Fedora
11 1 (0.061%) Kali Linux
11 1 (0.061%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.061%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.061%) OpenVMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,532 (94.05%) Agile Software Development
2 415 (25.48%) Project Management
3 310 (19.03%) Stakeholder Management
4 262 (16.08%) SDLC
5 254 (15.59%) Scrum
6 209 (12.83%) PRINCE2
7 179 (10.99%) DevOps
8 173 (10.62%) Problem-Solving
9 169 (10.37%) Business Analysis
10 147 (9.02%) ITIL
11 136 (8.35%) User Acceptance Testing
12 127 (7.80%) Migration
12 127 (7.80%) Test Automation
13 117 (7.18%) Business Intelligence
13 117 (7.18%) E-Commerce
14 115 (7.06%) User Stories
15 99 (6.08%) Data Modelling
16 96 (5.89%) Kanban
17 92 (5.65%) CRM
18 87 (5.34%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 206 (12.65%) Java
2 162 (9.94%) SQL
3 121 (7.43%) JavaScript
4 92 (5.65%) C#
5 60 (3.68%) Python
6 38 (2.33%) C
7 36 (2.21%) PowerShell
8 29 (1.78%) C++
9 21 (1.29%) Shell Script
10 19 (1.17%) T-SQL
11 15 (0.92%) PHP
12 14 (0.86%) Scala
13 13 (0.80%) Perl
13 13 (0.80%) PL/SQL
14 11 (0.68%) VB
15 10 (0.61%) Bash Shell
16 8 (0.49%) ABAP
17 7 (0.43%) R
18 6 (0.37%) Korn
18 6 (0.37%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 139 (8.53%) Security Cleared
2 113 (6.94%) Degree
3 93 (5.71%) SC Cleared
4 70 (4.30%) PMI Certification
5 66 (4.05%) ISEB
6 62 (3.81%) PMP
7 54 (3.31%) ISTQB
8 41 (2.52%) DV Cleared
9 17 (1.04%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 16 (0.98%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 15 (0.92%) Computer Science Degree
11 15 (0.92%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 10 (0.61%) FFIEC
13 9 (0.55%) HND
14 8 (0.49%) ACCA
14 8 (0.49%) CIMA
14 8 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
15 7 (0.43%) CISM
15 7 (0.43%) CISSP
15 7 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 108 (6.63%) QA
2 72 (4.42%) PMO
3 25 (1.53%) GDPR
4 21 (1.29%) SLA
5 19 (1.17%) COBIT
6 17 (1.04%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 16 (0.98%) Data Quality
7 16 (0.98%) PSD2
8 10 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 10 (0.61%) PCI DSS
9 8 (0.49%) IFRS
9 8 (0.49%) SEPA
10 7 (0.43%) NIST
10 7 (0.43%) Solvency II
11 4 (0.25%) GxP
11 4 (0.25%) PA-DSS
11 4 (0.25%) PMBOK
11 4 (0.25%) TARGET2
12 3 (0.18%) COREP
12 3 (0.18%) FINREP
System Software
1 55 (3.38%) Active Directory
2 26 (1.60%) Docker
3 12 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.18%) ISA Server
4 3 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
5 2 (0.12%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.12%) HDFS
5 2 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.061%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.061%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.061%) Xen
Systems Management
1 29 (1.78%) Ansible
2 23 (1.41%) HP Quality Center
3 20 (1.23%) HP ALM
4 16 (0.98%) Kubernetes
4 16 (0.98%) Single Sign-On
5 14 (0.86%) Puppet
6 13 (0.80%) Terraform
7 9 (0.55%) vRealize
8 8 (0.49%) SCCM
9 7 (0.43%) Control-M
10 5 (0.31%) Kibana
10 5 (0.31%) Nessus
11 4 (0.25%) IBM Guardium
12 3 (0.18%) SCOM
12 3 (0.18%) Trend Micro Deep Security
13 2 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
13 2 (0.12%) Opscode Chef
14 1 (0.061%) logstash
14 1 (0.061%) Microsoft Intune
14 1 (0.061%) Salt
Vendors
1 195 (11.97%) Microsoft
2 142 (8.72%) Oracle
3 89 (5.46%) SAP
4 62 (3.81%) Salesforce.com
5 49 (3.01%) Google
6 46 (2.82%) ServiceNow
7 39 (2.39%) IBM
8 33 (2.03%) HP
9 32 (1.96%) Atlassian
10 23 (1.41%) Adobe
11 20 (1.23%) VMware
12 19 (1.17%) Red Hat
13 16 (0.98%) Cisco
13 16 (0.98%) Tableau
14 15 (0.92%) hybris
14 15 (0.92%) Splunk
15 14 (0.86%) Kofax
15 14 (0.86%) Temenos
16 13 (0.80%) MuleSoft
16 13 (0.80%) Remedy