Period
to 17 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 17 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > Scotland
6 months to
17 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 19 30 28
Rank change year-on-year +11 -2 -3
Contract jobs citing CSS 347 272 312
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 6.94% 6.18% 5.02%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 25.84% 22.61% 24.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 211 184 176
Scotland median daily rate £375 £375 £340
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.29% -2.86%
10th Percentile £301 £275 £238
90th Percentile £488 £459 £450
UK median daily rate £420 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 4
Scotland median hourly rate £43.39 - £40.38
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £35.84 £32.00
% change year-on-year +18.57% +12.01% -8.57%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1343 1203 1261
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 26.88% 27.34% 20.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 833 728 672
Scotland median daily rate £375 £350 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% -6.67% -
10th Percentile £273 £263 £269
90th Percentile £525 £475 £488
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 15 17
Scotland median hourly rate £27.00 £42.50 £40.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -36.47% +5.25% -3.86%
10th Percentile £18.75 £22.50 £25.00
90th Percentile £43.39 £52.00 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in Scotland

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in Scotland

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in Scotland over the 6 months to 17 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in Scotland

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in Scotland

CSS
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 17 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh 0 175 £388 -3.13% 13
Glasgow +9 139 £375 +4.17% 9
West Lothian +6 14 £375 +0.67%
Renfrewshire +43 6 £335 +16.93%
Stirling 0 5 £325 -1.66%
Aberdeen -25 1 £150 -49.58% 1
Perth and Kinross - 1 £308 -
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 17 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for CSS.

1 327 (94.24%) HTML
2 296 (85.30%) JavaScript
3 172 (49.57%) AngularJS
4 148 (42.65%) Agile Software Development
5 127 (36.60%) HTML5
6 108 (31.12%) React
6 108 (31.12%) jQuery
7 95 (27.38%) Java
8 94 (27.09%) Front End Development
8 94 (27.09%) CSS3
9 89 (25.65%) Web Development
10 82 (23.63%) Git (software)
11 72 (20.75%) Sass
11 72 (20.75%) C#
12 65 (18.73%) User Experience
13 63 (18.16%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 62 (17.87%) .NET
15 57 (16.43%) TDD
16 55 (15.85%) Node.js
17 54 (15.56%) SQL
18 52 (14.99%) MVC
19 49 (14.12%) Web Services
20 48 (13.83%) XML
20 48 (13.83%) Finance
21 42 (12.10%) SQL Server
22 40 (11.53%) ASP.NET
23 39 (11.24%) Responsive Web Design
24 38 (10.95%) Test Automation
25 36 (10.37%) LESS
26 35 (10.09%) Analytics

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (5.48%) CMS
2 11 (3.17%) SharePoint
3 10 (2.88%) Drupal
4 9 (2.59%) IIS
4 9 (2.59%) SharePoint 2010
4 9 (2.59%) SharePoint 2013
5 8 (2.31%) nginx
5 8 (2.31%) SharePoint Server
6 6 (1.73%) OpenStack
6 6 (1.73%) SAS
7 5 (1.44%) Apache
7 5 (1.44%) Umbraco
8 4 (1.15%) JBoss
9 3 (0.86%) Cloud Foundry
9 3 (0.86%) Tomcat
9 3 (0.86%) WebSphere
9 3 (0.86%) WebSphere Portal
9 3 (0.86%) WordPress
10 2 (0.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 2 (0.58%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 19 (5.48%) Photoshop
2 13 (3.75%) Adobe Illustrator
3 3 (0.86%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 3 (0.86%) InVision
4 2 (0.58%) Adobe After Effects
4 2 (0.58%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 11 (3.17%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (1.73%) Magento
3 2 (0.58%) Dynamics AX
Cloud Services
1 16 (4.61%) GitHub
1 16 (4.61%) Microsoft Azure
2 14 (4.03%) Amazon AWS
3 10 (2.88%) Office 365
4 4 (1.15%) Google Analytics
5 3 (0.86%) IaaS
5 3 (0.86%) PaaS
6 2 (0.58%) Amazon EC2
6 2 (0.58%) AWS CloudFormation
6 2 (0.58%) AWS Lambda
6 2 (0.58%) Firebase
6 2 (0.58%) npm
6 2 (0.58%) Serverless
6 2 (0.58%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 1 (0.29%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 3 (0.86%) HTTP
2 2 (0.58%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
2 2 (0.58%) SMS
3 1 (0.29%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (12.10%) SQL Server
2 25 (7.20%) MySQL
3 12 (3.46%) Relational Database
4 10 (2.88%) RDBMS
5 9 (2.59%) NoSQL
5 9 (2.59%) PostgreSQL
6 6 (1.73%) Big Data
6 6 (1.73%) Oracle Database
7 5 (1.44%) Spatial Data
7 5 (1.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 4 (1.15%) MongoDB
8 4 (1.15%) SQL Server 2014
9 3 (0.86%) Oracle Database 12c
10 2 (0.58%) Azure SQL Database
11 1 (0.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 1 (0.29%) Couchbase
11 1 (0.29%) Redis
11 1 (0.29%) Riak
11 1 (0.29%) SQL Server 2012
11 1 (0.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 82 (23.63%) Git (software)
2 33 (9.51%) Grunt
3 26 (7.49%) gulp
4 24 (6.92%) Selenium
5 21 (6.05%) Jenkins
6 19 (5.48%) JUnit
6 19 (5.48%) Maven
7 14 (4.03%) Subversion
8 13 (3.75%) Team Foundation Server
8 13 (3.75%) Visual Studio
9 9 (2.59%) Bower
9 9 (2.59%) Jasmine
10 8 (2.31%) Cucumber
11 6 (1.73%) JIRA
12 5 (1.44%) jspm
12 5 (1.44%) NUnit
12 5 (1.44%) webpack
13 4 (1.15%) Mercurial
13 4 (1.15%) Oracle APEX
14 3 (0.86%) TeamCity
General
1 48 (13.83%) Finance
2 16 (4.61%) Banking
3 15 (4.32%) Marketing
4 12 (3.46%) Manufacturing
4 12 (3.46%) Telecoms
5 11 (3.17%) Electronics
6 9 (2.59%) Publishing
7 2 (0.58%) Multimedia
7 2 (0.58%) Retail
8 1 (0.29%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.29%) Games
8 1 (0.29%) German Language
8 1 (0.29%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.29%) Italian Language
8 1 (0.29%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 304 (87.61%) Developer
2 71 (20.46%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 56 (16.14%) JavaScript Developer
4 46 (13.26%) Web Developer
5 45 (12.97%) Java Developer
6 37 (10.66%) .NET Developer
7 30 (8.65%) HTML Developer
8 22 (6.34%) Angular Developer
9 18 (5.19%) Senior Developer
10 17 (4.90%) C# Developer
11 14 (4.03%) C# .NET Developer
12 12 (3.46%) Designer
12 12 (3.46%) HTML CSS Developer
12 12 (3.46%) ServiceNow Developer
13 11 (3.17%) Full Stack Developer
13 11 (3.17%) PHP Developer
14 10 (2.88%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
14 10 (2.88%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 10 (2.88%) Lead Developer
15 9 (2.59%) UI Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 327 (94.24%) HTML
2 172 (49.57%) AngularJS
3 127 (36.60%) HTML5
4 108 (31.12%) jQuery
4 108 (31.12%) React
5 94 (27.09%) CSS3
6 72 (20.75%) Sass
7 63 (18.16%) Twitter Bootstrap
8 62 (17.87%) .NET
9 55 (15.85%) Node.js
10 49 (14.12%) Web Services
11 48 (13.83%) XML
12 40 (11.53%) ASP.NET
13 36 (10.37%) LESS
14 34 (9.80%) Ajax
15 29 (8.36%) RESTful
16 28 (8.07%) REST
17 25 (7.20%) Spring
18 24 (6.92%) JSON
19 18 (5.19%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 65 (18.73%) User Experience
2 21 (6.05%) Greenfield Project
3 13 (3.75%) Computer Science
4 10 (2.88%) Algorithms
4 10 (2.88%) Data Structures
5 9 (2.59%) Mobile App
6 7 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
7 6 (1.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 6 (1.73%) Linux Command Line
8 3 (0.86%) Driving Licence
8 3 (0.86%) Fixed Income
8 3 (0.86%) Management Information System
8 3 (0.86%) Motion Graphics
8 3 (0.86%) N-Tier
8 3 (0.86%) Smartphone
9 2 (0.58%) Analytical Skills
9 2 (0.58%) Client/Server
9 2 (0.58%) Derivative
10 1 (0.29%) Blog
10 1 (0.29%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 30 (8.65%) Linux
2 14 (4.03%) Windows
3 8 (2.31%) Windows Server
3 8 (2.31%) Windows Server 2003
3 8 (2.31%) Windows Server 2008
3 8 (2.31%) Windows Server 2012
4 4 (1.15%) Android
4 4 (1.15%) Apple iOS
5 3 (0.86%) DC/OS
5 3 (0.86%) Mac OS X
5 3 (0.86%) Unix
6 1 (0.29%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 148 (42.65%) Agile Software Development
2 94 (27.09%) Front End Development
3 89 (25.65%) Web Development
4 57 (16.43%) TDD
5 52 (14.99%) MVC
6 39 (11.24%) Responsive Web Design
7 38 (10.95%) Test Automation
8 35 (10.09%) Analytics
9 34 (9.80%) BDD
9 34 (9.80%) Continuous Integration
10 29 (8.36%) Scrum
11 27 (7.78%) Web Design
12 20 (5.76%) Workflow
13 19 (5.48%) Web Analytics
14 17 (4.90%) CRM
15 16 (4.61%) Continuous Delivery
16 15 (4.32%) SDLC
16 15 (4.32%) Unit Testing
17 14 (4.03%) OO
18 13 (3.75%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 296 (85.30%) JavaScript
2 95 (27.38%) Java
3 72 (20.75%) C#
4 54 (15.56%) SQL
5 32 (9.22%) PHP
6 26 (7.49%) Python
7 20 (5.76%) TypeScript
8 13 (3.75%) ES6
9 12 (3.46%) PL/SQL
10 9 (2.59%) C++
11 8 (2.31%) PowerShell
11 8 (2.31%) VB.NET
12 7 (2.02%) T-SQL
13 6 (1.73%) ECMAScript
13 6 (1.73%) Prolog
14 5 (1.44%) VB
14 5 (1.44%) VB6
15 4 (1.15%) Perl
16 3 (0.86%) CoffeeScript
17 2 (0.58%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 18 (5.19%) Degree
2 12 (3.46%) Security Cleared
3 9 (2.59%) Microsoft Certification
4 7 (2.02%) Computer Science Degree
4 7 (2.02%) MCSE
5 5 (1.44%) BC Cleared
5 5 (1.44%) SC Cleared
6 2 (0.58%) HND
6 2 (0.58%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (2.31%) Disclosure Scotland
2 2 (0.58%) QA
3 1 (0.29%) WCAG
System Software
1 1 (0.29%) Docker
Systems Management
1 3 (0.86%) Apache Brooklyn
1 3 (0.86%) Kubernetes
1 3 (0.86%) Marathon
1 3 (0.86%) Mesos
2 2 (0.58%) Business Desktop Deployment
3 1 (0.29%) Ansible
3 1 (0.29%) Cobbler
3 1 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (0.29%) Puppet
Vendors
1 33 (9.51%) Oracle
2 29 (8.36%) Microsoft
3 14 (4.03%) Adobe
4 12 (3.46%) Google
4 12 (3.46%) ServiceNow
5 11 (3.17%) SAP
6 10 (2.88%) Twitter
7 9 (2.59%) Perforce
8 8 (2.31%) Facebook
9 7 (2.02%) Nintex
10 5 (1.44%) HP
11 3 (0.86%) Pega
11 3 (0.86%) Zend
12 2 (0.58%) Cisco
12 2 (0.58%) F5
12 2 (0.58%) Sitecore
12 2 (0.58%) VMware
13 1 (0.29%) Capita
13 1 (0.29%) OpenText
13 1 (0.29%) Sybase