The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 23 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
23 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
UK / Scotland
Rank 15 34 32
Rank change year-on-year +19 -2  
Contract jobs citing CSS 150 124 136
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 8.67% 4.81% 4.87%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.64% 21.20% 24.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 103 72 84
Median daily rate £375 £321 £344
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +16.82% -6.61%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £204 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £450 £408 £450
UK excluding London median daily rate £370 £350 £330
% change year-on-year +5.71% +6.06%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 2
Median hourly rate £47.23 - £31.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £33.75 £35.00
% change year-on-year +18.51% -3.57%  

CSS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
Scotland
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 506 585 558
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in Scotland 29.25% 22.71% 19.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 340 338 344
Median daily rate £375 £350 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% -6.66%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £308 £250 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £450 £475 £450
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +3.44% +3.57%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 2 8
Median hourly rate £52.17 £22.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +131.86% -50.00%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.55%  

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in Scotland citing CSS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in Scotland

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in Scotland

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in Scotland over the 3 months to 23 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in Scotland

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in Scotland

CSS
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the Scotland region over the 3 months to 23 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +18 65 £416 +18.92% 25
Glasgow -2 52 £350 +16.66% 21
West Lothian +7 11 £375 -3.22% 1
Moray - 9 £388 -
Aberdeen - 6 £300 -
Stirling +9 1 £325 +62.50%
Dundee - 1 £400 - 4
CSS
UK

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills in Scotland

For the 6 months to 23 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for CSS.

1 297 (95.19%) HTML
2 263 (84.29%) JavaScript
3 138 (44.23%) Agile Software Development
4 108 (34.62%) AngularJS
5 103 (33.01%) HTML5
6 88 (28.21%) jQuery
7 87 (27.88%) Web Development
8 85 (27.24%) MVC
9 78 (25.00%) .NET
10 77 (24.68%) CSS3
11 66 (21.15%) Front End Development
12 62 (19.87%) Scrum
13 60 (19.23%) ASP.NET
14 58 (18.59%) C#
14 58 (18.59%) Finance
14 58 (18.59%) User Experience
15 56 (17.95%) Node.js
15 56 (17.95%) SQL Server
15 56 (17.95%) Java
16 49 (15.71%) CMS
17 48 (15.38%) TDD
18 45 (14.42%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 43 (13.78%) SQL
20 42 (13.46%) React
21 39 (12.50%) ASP.NET MVC
22 38 (12.18%) Sass
23 37 (11.86%) Git (software)
23 37 (11.86%) Linux
24 33 (10.58%) Responsive Web Design
25 32 (10.26%) Web Services

CSS
Top Related IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (15.71%) CMS
2 20 (6.41%) Umbraco
3 17 (5.45%) Apache
4 16 (5.13%) JBoss
5 11 (3.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 8 (2.56%) WordPress
7 5 (1.60%) Sitecore CMS
8 4 (1.28%) EPiServer
8 4 (1.28%) IIS
8 4 (1.28%) SharePoint
9 3 (0.96%) Jadu
9 3 (0.96%) MODX
9 3 (0.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 3 (0.96%) WebLogic
10 2 (0.64%) Confluence
10 2 (0.64%) Drupal
10 2 (0.64%) GlassFish
10 2 (0.64%) SharePoint 2010
10 2 (0.64%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.64%) WebLogic Portal
Applications
1 6 (1.92%) Adobe Illustrator
2 5 (1.60%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 5 (1.60%) MS Excel
2 5 (1.60%) Photoshop
3 3 (0.96%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.32%) Acrobat
4 1 (0.32%) Adobe Premiere
4 1 (0.32%) InDesign
4 1 (0.32%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 5 (1.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.32%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 10 (3.21%) Microsoft Azure
2 9 (2.88%) Google Analytics
3 4 (1.28%) Amazon AWS
4 1 (0.32%) Adobe Creative Cloud
4 1 (0.32%) GitHub
4 1 (0.32%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 5 (1.60%) Internet
2 3 (0.96%) Intranet
3 2 (0.64%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
4 1 (0.32%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (17.95%) SQL Server
2 19 (6.09%) MySQL
3 16 (5.13%) Oracle Database
4 13 (4.17%) Oracle Database 12c
5 12 (3.85%) Oracle Database 11g
6 9 (2.88%) NoSQL
7 7 (2.24%) Relational Database
8 4 (1.28%) MongoDB
8 4 (1.28%) SQL Server 2012
9 3 (0.96%) Data Warehouse
9 3 (0.96%) RDBMS
10 2 (0.64%) DB2
10 2 (0.64%) GIS
10 2 (0.64%) SQL Server 2008
10 2 (0.64%) SQL Server 2014
11 1 (0.32%) Oracle Database 10g
11 1 (0.32%) PostgreSQL
11 1 (0.32%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 1 (0.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 37 (11.86%) Git (software)
2 26 (8.33%) Jenkins
3 25 (8.01%) Subversion
4 20 (6.41%) Maven
5 19 (6.09%) JIRA
5 19 (6.09%) Team Foundation Server
6 15 (4.81%) Visual Studio
7 13 (4.17%) Cucumber
8 11 (3.53%) Grunt
9 8 (2.56%) Jasmine
9 8 (2.56%) Selenium
10 6 (1.92%) Gradle
10 6 (1.92%) Oracle APEX
11 5 (1.60%) Ant
11 5 (1.60%) Eclipse
12 4 (1.28%) Axure RP
12 4 (1.28%) JUnit
12 4 (1.28%) WebDriver
13 3 (0.96%) Bower
13 3 (0.96%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 58 (18.59%) Finance
2 14 (4.49%) Banking
3 12 (3.85%) Marketing
4 5 (1.60%) Back Office
5 3 (0.96%) German Language
5 3 (0.96%) Italian Language
5 3 (0.96%) Telecoms
6 2 (0.64%) Law
6 2 (0.64%) Legal
6 2 (0.64%) Publishing
6 2 (0.64%) Retail
6 2 (0.64%) Spanish Language
7 1 (0.32%) Advertising
7 1 (0.32%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.32%) French Language
7 1 (0.32%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 235 (75.32%) Developer
2 55 (17.63%) Web Developer
3 54 (17.31%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 41 (13.14%) JavaScript Developer
5 35 (11.22%) .NET Developer
6 28 (8.97%) Java Developer
7 25 (8.01%) Angular Developer
7 25 (8.01%) Senior Developer
8 21 (6.73%) Web Manager
9 19 (6.09%) HTML Developer
10 17 (5.45%) Production Manager
10 17 (5.45%) UI Developer
10 17 (5.45%) Web Production Manager
11 15 (4.81%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 13 (4.17%) C# Developer
12 13 (4.17%) Designer
12 13 (4.17%) HTML CSS Developer
13 12 (3.85%) Full Stack Developer
14 11 (3.53%) Consultant
15 9 (2.88%) Applications Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 297 (95.19%) HTML
2 108 (34.62%) AngularJS
3 103 (33.01%) HTML5
4 88 (28.21%) jQuery
5 78 (25.00%) .NET
6 77 (24.68%) CSS3
7 60 (19.23%) ASP.NET
8 56 (17.95%) Node.js
9 45 (14.42%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 42 (13.46%) React
11 39 (12.50%) ASP.NET MVC
12 38 (12.18%) Sass
13 32 (10.26%) Web Services
14 24 (7.69%) .NET Framework
15 23 (7.37%) RESTful
15 23 (7.37%) Spring
16 19 (6.09%) LESS
16 19 (6.09%) REST
17 18 (5.77%) JSP
18 17 (5.45%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 58 (18.59%) User Experience
2 15 (4.81%) Mobile App
3 14 (4.49%) Enterprise Software
4 10 (3.21%) Computer Science
5 8 (2.56%) Analytical Skills
5 8 (2.56%) Client/Server
6 6 (1.92%) Fintech
7 5 (1.60%) Linked Data
8 4 (1.28%) Smartphone
9 3 (0.96%) Handset
9 3 (0.96%) Pricing Data
10 2 (0.64%) Data Centre
10 2 (0.64%) Driving Licence
10 2 (0.64%) Management Information System
10 2 (0.64%) Motion Graphics
10 2 (0.64%) Web 2.0
11 1 (0.32%) e-Learning
11 1 (0.32%) New Media
11 1 (0.32%) Video Editing
11 1 (0.32%) VLE
Operating Systems
1 37 (11.86%) Linux
2 4 (1.28%) Android
3 3 (0.96%) Apple iOS
4 2 (0.64%) Mac OS
5 1 (0.32%) Unix
5 1 (0.32%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 138 (44.23%) Agile Software Development
2 87 (27.88%) Web Development
3 85 (27.24%) MVC
4 66 (21.15%) Front End Development
5 62 (19.87%) Scrum
6 48 (15.38%) TDD
7 33 (10.58%) Responsive Web Design
8 29 (9.29%) Content Management
9 27 (8.65%) Continuous Integration
9 27 (8.65%) Web Design
10 21 (6.73%) Microservices
11 20 (6.41%) BDD
12 16 (5.13%) Analytics
13 15 (4.81%) SOA
14 13 (4.17%) Software Engineering
14 13 (4.17%) Unit Testing
15 12 (3.85%) Mentoring
15 12 (3.85%) Test Automation
16 11 (3.53%) OO
16 11 (3.53%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 263 (84.29%) JavaScript
2 58 (18.59%) C#
3 56 (17.95%) Java
4 43 (13.78%) SQL
5 25 (8.01%) PHP
6 12 (3.85%) Python
6 12 (3.85%) Scala
7 7 (2.24%) T-SQL
8 6 (1.92%) PL/SQL
9 5 (1.60%) CoffeeScript
10 4 (1.28%) ES6
10 4 (1.28%) Perl
11 3 (0.96%) SPARQL
11 3 (0.96%) VB.NET
12 2 (0.64%) Groovy
12 2 (0.64%) Jython
12 2 (0.64%) TypeScript
12 2 (0.64%) XPath
13 1 (0.32%) Haskell
13 1 (0.32%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 12 (3.85%) Degree
2 7 (2.24%) Security Cleared
3 2 (0.64%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (4.49%) Disclosure Scotland
2 4 (1.28%) WCAG
3 3 (0.96%) ISO 9001
3 3 (0.96%) QA
System Software
1 3 (0.96%) Docker
2 2 (0.64%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 6 (1.92%) TeamSite
2 3 (0.96%) Puppet
3 2 (0.64%) Ansible
Vendors
1 26 (8.33%) Oracle
2 20 (6.41%) Adobe
3 19 (6.09%) Microsoft
4 9 (2.88%) Google
4 9 (2.88%) OpenText
4 9 (2.88%) Twitter
5 6 (1.92%) Sitecore
6 5 (1.60%) Alterian
7 4 (1.28%) FatWire
7 4 (1.28%) VMware
8 3 (0.96%) IBM
9 2 (0.64%) Cisco
9 2 (0.64%) F5
9 2 (0.64%) Misys
10 1 (0.32%) Omniture
10 1 (0.32%) Progress
10 1 (0.32%) Xamarin
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