The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 27 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK / Scotland
3 months to
27 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 11 48 21
Rank change year-on-year +37 -27  
Contract jobs citing CSS 192 121 188
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 8.75% 4.12% 6.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.63% 18.17% 30.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 109 79 107
Median daily rate £388 £375 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +15.38%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £308 £274 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £425 £400
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £325
% change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 2
Median hourly rate £43.39 - £30.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.50 £29.75 £36.00
% change year-on-year +29.41% -17.36%  

CSS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
Scotland
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 648 666 620
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in Scotland 29.54% 22.66% 20.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 404 388 291
Median daily rate £375 £350 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% -  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £301 £270 £260
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £425 £440
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 9 9
Median hourly rate £43.39 £36.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.06% -8.12%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +18.05% -10.00%  

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in Scotland citing CSS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in Scotland

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in Scotland

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in Scotland over the 3 months to 27 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in Scotland

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in Scotland

CSS
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the Scotland region over the 3 months to 27 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +35 105 £400 +6.31% 18
Glasgow +19 72 £375 +13.63% 16
West Lothian +6 8 £388 -7.73% 1
Stirling - 1 £325 -
Fife - 1 £138 -
East Ayrshire - 1 £350 -
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 27 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for CSS.

1 317 (92.69%) HTML
2 281 (82.16%) JavaScript
3 132 (38.60%) Agile Software Development
4 124 (36.26%) AngularJS
5 105 (30.70%) HTML5
6 93 (27.19%) jQuery
6 93 (27.19%) MVC
7 90 (26.32%) Front End Development
8 86 (25.15%) Web Development
9 85 (24.85%) C#
9 85 (24.85%) CSS3
10 83 (24.27%) Java
10 83 (24.27%) .NET
11 74 (21.64%) SQL
12 68 (19.88%) Git (software)
13 65 (19.01%) ASP.NET
14 62 (18.13%) Finance
15 61 (17.84%) User Experience
16 59 (17.25%) React
17 58 (16.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 57 (16.67%) TDD
19 52 (15.20%) Web Services
19 52 (15.20%) Responsive Web Design
20 51 (14.91%) Node.js
21 46 (13.45%) SQL Server
22 45 (13.16%) Sass
23 41 (11.99%) Scrum
24 35 (10.23%) Spring
25 33 (9.65%) Linux
26 32 (9.36%) .NET Framework

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (9.06%) CMS
2 17 (4.97%) EPiServer
3 15 (4.39%) Umbraco
4 9 (2.63%) JBoss
5 8 (2.34%) Apache
6 7 (2.05%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 7 (2.05%) WebSphere
7 6 (1.75%) Drupal
7 6 (1.75%) Tomcat
8 5 (1.46%) WordPress
9 4 (1.17%) GlassFish
9 4 (1.17%) SAS
9 4 (1.17%) Sitecore CMS
10 3 (0.88%) MODX
10 3 (0.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 3 (0.88%) SharePoint
10 3 (0.88%) WebLogic
10 3 (0.88%) WebSphere Portal
11 1 (0.29%) Confluence
11 1 (0.29%) Moodle
Applications
1 11 (3.22%) Photoshop
2 9 (2.63%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (2.34%) Adobe Illustrator
4 4 (1.17%) UserZoom
5 3 (0.88%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.58%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.29%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.29%) InVision
Business Applications
1 6 (1.75%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (1.17%) Magento
2 4 (1.17%) SessionCam
3 2 (0.58%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 32 (9.36%) Microsoft Azure
2 7 (2.05%) GitHub
2 7 (2.05%) Google Analytics
3 3 (0.88%) Google Tag Manager
3 3 (0.88%) IaaS
4 2 (0.58%) PaaS
5 1 (0.29%) Adobe Creative Cloud
5 1 (0.29%) Amazon AWS
5 1 (0.29%) BrowserStack
5 1 (0.29%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 3 (0.88%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
2 2 (0.58%) Intranet
3 1 (0.29%) HTTP
3 1 (0.29%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (13.45%) SQL Server
2 19 (5.56%) Oracle Database
3 16 (4.68%) MySQL
4 14 (4.09%) Oracle Database 12c
5 13 (3.80%) NoSQL
6 9 (2.63%) Oracle Database 11g
7 8 (2.34%) SQL Server 2014
8 6 (1.75%) Relational Database
9 4 (1.17%) Big Data
9 4 (1.17%) MongoDB
9 4 (1.17%) Spatial Data
10 3 (0.88%) Data Warehouse
10 3 (0.88%) Oracle Database 10g
10 3 (0.88%) RDBMS
11 2 (0.58%) Azure SQL Database
11 2 (0.58%) GIS
12 1 (0.29%) Apache Cassandra
12 1 (0.29%) DB2
12 1 (0.29%) SQL Server 2012
12 1 (0.29%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 68 (19.88%) Git (software)
2 26 (7.60%) gulp
3 25 (7.31%) Grunt
3 25 (7.31%) Subversion
4 24 (7.02%) Jenkins
4 24 (7.02%) Team Foundation Server
5 18 (5.26%) Maven
6 16 (4.68%) JIRA
7 15 (4.39%) Cucumber
8 14 (4.09%) Moq
9 13 (3.80%) Octopus Deploy
10 12 (3.51%) Oracle APEX
11 8 (2.34%) Axure RP
12 7 (2.05%) Bower
13 6 (1.75%) Ant
13 6 (1.75%) Eclipse
14 5 (1.46%) Jasmine
14 5 (1.46%) Selenium
14 5 (1.46%) Visual Studio
15 4 (1.17%) Hudson
General
1 62 (18.13%) Finance
2 17 (4.97%) Banking
3 15 (4.39%) Financial Institution
4 7 (2.05%) Marketing
5 6 (1.75%) Retail
5 6 (1.75%) Telecoms
6 5 (1.46%) Publishing
7 4 (1.17%) German Language
7 4 (1.17%) Italian Language
7 4 (1.17%) Manufacturing
8 3 (0.88%) Back Office
8 3 (0.88%) Legal
8 3 (0.88%) Spanish Language
9 2 (0.58%) Electronics
9 2 (0.58%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.29%) French Language
10 1 (0.29%) Games
Job Titles
1 267 (78.07%) Developer
2 70 (20.47%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 54 (15.79%) JavaScript Developer
4 45 (13.16%) Web Developer
5 35 (10.23%) .NET Developer
6 31 (9.06%) Angular Developer
6 31 (9.06%) Java Developer
7 22 (6.43%) HTML Developer
8 21 (6.14%) Senior Developer
9 19 (5.56%) C# Developer
10 17 (4.97%) Architect
11 15 (4.39%) C# .NET Developer
12 14 (4.09%) Designer
13 13 (3.80%) UI Developer
14 11 (3.22%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
14 11 (3.22%) Full Stack Developer
14 11 (3.22%) UX Designer
15 10 (2.92%) ASP.NET Developer
15 10 (2.92%) PHP Developer
16 9 (2.63%) C# ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 317 (92.69%) HTML
2 124 (36.26%) AngularJS
3 105 (30.70%) HTML5
4 93 (27.19%) jQuery
5 85 (24.85%) CSS3
6 83 (24.27%) .NET
7 65 (19.01%) ASP.NET
8 59 (17.25%) React
9 58 (16.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 52 (15.20%) Web Services
11 51 (14.91%) Node.js
12 45 (13.16%) Sass
13 35 (10.23%) Spring
14 32 (9.36%) .NET Framework
15 31 (9.06%) ASP.NET MVC
16 27 (7.89%) ASP.NET Web API
17 25 (7.31%) RESTful
18 21 (6.14%) Entity Framework
18 21 (6.14%) REST
19 20 (5.85%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 61 (17.84%) User Experience
2 19 (5.56%) Mobile App
3 15 (4.39%) Greenfield Project
4 11 (3.22%) Algorithms
4 11 (3.22%) Analytical Skills
4 11 (3.22%) Computer Science
4 11 (3.22%) Data Structures
5 10 (2.92%) Enterprise Software
5 10 (2.92%) Linux Command Line
6 6 (1.75%) Driving Licence
7 5 (1.46%) Client/Server
7 5 (1.46%) Management Information System
8 4 (1.17%) Fintech
9 3 (0.88%) Handset
9 3 (0.88%) Pricing Data
10 2 (0.58%) Mobile Banking
11 1 (0.29%) e-Learning
11 1 (0.29%) New Media
11 1 (0.29%) N-Tier
11 1 (0.29%) VLE
Operating Systems
1 33 (9.65%) Linux
2 3 (0.88%) Unix
2 3 (0.88%) Windows
3 2 (0.58%) Android
4 1 (0.29%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.29%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 132 (38.60%) Agile Software Development
2 93 (27.19%) MVC
3 90 (26.32%) Front End Development
4 86 (25.15%) Web Development
5 57 (16.67%) TDD
6 52 (15.20%) Responsive Web Design
7 41 (11.99%) Scrum
8 30 (8.77%) Web Design
9 28 (8.19%) Continuous Integration
10 27 (7.89%) BDD
11 20 (5.85%) Test Automation
12 19 (5.56%) Microservices
12 19 (5.56%) Migration
13 17 (4.97%) Digital Transformation Programme
13 17 (4.97%) Unit Testing
14 16 (4.68%) Content Management
14 16 (4.68%) OO
14 16 (4.68%) Prototyping
15 14 (4.09%) SOA
15 14 (4.09%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 281 (82.16%) JavaScript
2 85 (24.85%) C#
3 83 (24.27%) Java
4 74 (21.64%) SQL
5 25 (7.31%) PHP
6 20 (5.85%) Python
7 18 (5.26%) PL/SQL
8 11 (3.22%) Scala
9 10 (2.92%) C++
10 7 (2.05%) CoffeeScript
10 7 (2.05%) ES6
11 6 (1.75%) TypeScript
11 6 (1.75%) VB.NET
12 5 (1.46%) VB
12 5 (1.46%) VB6
13 4 (1.17%) Perl
13 4 (1.17%) Prolog
13 4 (1.17%) T-SQL
14 2 (0.58%) ECMAScript
14 2 (0.58%) Jython
Qualifications
1 15 (4.39%) Degree
2 5 (1.46%) MCTS
2 5 (1.46%) Microsoft Certification
3 3 (0.88%) Security Cleared
4 2 (0.58%) HND
4 2 (0.58%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.29%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.29%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (2.63%) Disclosure Scotland
2 4 (1.17%) QA
3 3 (0.88%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.29%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.29%) WCAG
System Software
1 3 (0.88%) Docker
Systems Management
1 3 (0.88%) Puppet
2 2 (0.58%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 28 (8.19%) Oracle
2 16 (4.68%) Microsoft
3 14 (4.09%) Adobe
4 8 (2.34%) Google
5 7 (2.05%) Perforce
6 5 (1.46%) OpenText
6 5 (1.46%) Sitecore
7 4 (1.17%) Alterian
7 4 (1.17%) ClickTale
7 4 (1.17%) FatWire
7 4 (1.17%) IBM
7 4 (1.17%) VMware
8 3 (0.88%) Cisco
8 3 (0.88%) F5
8 3 (0.88%) Sybase
8 3 (0.88%) Tableau
8 3 (0.88%) Twitter
9 2 (0.58%) Facebook
9 2 (0.58%) SAP
10 1 (0.29%) Telerik
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