Period
to 31 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 31 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
31 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 31 28 22
Rank change year-on-year -3 -6 +2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 1,444 4,395 6,763
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 7.25% 8.05% 9.98%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.97% 20.37% 24.32%
Number of salaries quoted 1,357 4,047 5,901
Median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £40,000 £37,500 £35,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £86,250
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 9,041 21,579 27,809
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 45.37% 39.51% 41.04%
Number of salaries quoted 7,789 18,029 22,714
Median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
10th Percentile £46,250 £41,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £112,100 £100,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 31 October 2020.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 31 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 352 £67,500 +3.85% 116
West London +1 55 £61,250 +11.36% 45
South London +4 51 £60,000 +26.32% 5
East London +8 19 £49,971 - 33
North London +26 8 £50,000 -9.09% 4
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 31 October 2020, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,272 (88.09%) HTML
2 1,186 (82.13%) JavaScript
3 699 (48.41%) Agile Software Development
4 527 (36.50%) AngularJS
5 455 (31.51%) .NET
6 430 (29.78%) HTML5
7 408 (28.25%) React
8 377 (26.11%) C#
9 370 (25.62%) Azure
10 369 (25.55%) SQL
11 345 (23.89%) Git (software)
12 328 (22.71%) Front End Development
13 323 (22.37%) CSS3
14 318 (22.02%) TDD
15 314 (21.75%) Node.js
16 289 (20.01%) Finance
17 281 (19.46%) Web Development
18 267 (18.49%) DevOps
19 261 (18.07%) SQL Server
20 255 (17.66%) OO
21 251 (17.38%) TypeScript
22 250 (17.31%) ASP.NET
23 249 (17.24%) MVC
24 243 (16.83%) AWS
25 237 (16.41%) Scrum
26 232 (16.07%) Microsoft
27 231 (16.00%) REST
28 223 (15.44%) Software Engineering
29 216 (14.96%) Sass
30 210 (14.54%) jQuery

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (7.13%) CMS
2 57 (3.95%) Confluence
3 46 (3.19%) SharePoint
4 44 (3.05%) Elasticsearch
5 35 (2.42%) IIS
6 32 (2.22%) Moodle
7 25 (1.73%) WordPress
8 20 (1.39%) EPiServer
9 18 (1.25%) Umbraco
10 16 (1.11%) Apache Spark
10 16 (1.11%) Drupal
11 13 (0.90%) Headless CMS
12 10 (0.69%) Apache
13 9 (0.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 9 (0.62%) nginx
14 5 (0.35%) GeoServer
14 5 (0.35%) Sitecore CMS
15 3 (0.21%) Kentico
16 2 (0.14%) SharePoint 2010
16 2 (0.14%) Tomcat
Applications
1 29 (2.01%) Figma
2 24 (1.66%) Adobe Illustrator
3 22 (1.52%) Sketch
4 17 (1.18%) InVision
4 17 (1.18%) Photoshop
5 16 (1.11%) Zeplin
6 7 (0.48%) Chatbot
7 5 (0.35%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 4 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
9 3 (0.21%) Adobe XD
10 2 (0.14%) Fireworks
10 2 (0.14%) Inkscape
11 1 (0.069%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 1 (0.069%) MS Visio
11 1 (0.069%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 64 (4.43%) Dynamics CRM
2 34 (2.35%) Shopify
3 27 (1.87%) Magento
4 15 (1.04%) Siebel CRM
5 11 (0.76%) Payment Gateway
6 9 (0.62%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 4 (0.28%) Oracle Applications
7 4 (0.28%) Oracle CRM On Demand
8 3 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
8 3 (0.21%) Maximo
9 2 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
9 2 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
10 1 (0.069%) JDE OneWorld
10 1 (0.069%) NetSuite
10 1 (0.069%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 370 (25.62%) Azure
2 243 (16.83%) AWS
3 79 (5.47%) SaaS
4 75 (5.19%) npm
4 75 (5.19%) Serverless
5 69 (4.78%) GCP
6 67 (4.64%) Dynamics 365
7 60 (4.16%) Power Platform
8 46 (3.19%) AWS Lambda
8 46 (3.19%) GitHub
9 41 (2.84%) PaaS
10 30 (2.08%) Azure Functions
11 29 (2.01%) Firebase
12 22 (1.52%) Amazon EC2
13 20 (1.39%) Cloud Computing
14 17 (1.18%) Google Analytics
15 16 (1.11%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
16 10 (0.69%) Amazon S3
16 10 (0.69%) Logic Apps
16 10 (0.69%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 23 (1.59%) Internet
2 21 (1.45%) HTTP
3 8 (0.55%) Intranet
4 7 (0.48%) SMS
5 4 (0.28%) Firewall
5 4 (0.28%) VPN
6 2 (0.14%) SSH
6 2 (0.14%) SSL
6 2 (0.14%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.14%) VoIP
7 1 (0.069%) Asterisk PBX
7 1 (0.069%) DNS
7 1 (0.069%) LAN
7 1 (0.069%) RS-485
7 1 (0.069%) RTP
7 1 (0.069%) Skype
7 1 (0.069%) SMTP
7 1 (0.069%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 261 (18.07%) SQL Server
2 119 (8.24%) MySQL
3 91 (6.30%) MongoDB
4 71 (4.92%) NoSQL
5 65 (4.50%) PostgreSQL
6 64 (4.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 60 (4.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 55 (3.81%) Relational Database
9 39 (2.70%) SQL Server 2012
10 35 (2.42%) Redis
11 27 (1.87%) Big Data
11 27 (1.87%) SQL Server 2008
12 23 (1.59%) SQL Server 2019
13 22 (1.52%) Amazon RDS
14 21 (1.45%) Azure SQL Database
15 15 (1.04%) Data Lake
15 15 (1.04%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 14 (0.97%) Siebel EIM
17 13 (0.90%) Cosmos DB
17 13 (0.90%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 345 (23.89%) Git (software)
2 96 (6.65%) webpack
3 90 (6.23%) JIRA
4 83 (5.75%) Jenkins
5 70 (4.85%) Visual Studio
6 69 (4.78%) Grunt
7 42 (2.91%) gulp
8 41 (2.84%) TeamCity
9 36 (2.49%) Jasmine
10 34 (2.35%) Selenium
10 34 (2.35%) Team Foundation Server
11 33 (2.29%) Octopus Deploy
12 32 (2.22%) Mocha
13 30 (2.08%) Cypress.io
14 27 (1.87%) Subversion
15 26 (1.80%) Bitbucket
16 22 (1.52%) SpecFlow
17 21 (1.45%) Bower
18 20 (1.39%) NUnit
19 19 (1.32%) Protractor
General
1 289 (20.01%) Finance
2 126 (8.73%) Marketing
3 86 (5.96%) Banking
4 50 (3.46%) Retail
5 40 (2.77%) Games
6 39 (2.70%) Public Sector
7 35 (2.42%) Private Banking
8 34 (2.35%) Law
9 31 (2.15%) Publishing
10 29 (2.01%) Advertising
11 27 (1.87%) Manufacturing
12 26 (1.80%) Telecoms
13 22 (1.52%) Front Office
14 17 (1.18%) Automotive
15 15 (1.04%) Back Office
15 15 (1.04%) Financial Institution
16 13 (0.90%) Local Government
17 10 (0.69%) Electronics
17 10 (0.69%) Legal
18 7 (0.48%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,042 (72.16%) Developer
2 254 (17.59%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 200 (13.85%) Senior Developer
4 199 (13.78%) .NET Developer
5 163 (11.29%) Full Stack Developer
6 143 (9.90%) JavaScript Developer
7 134 (9.28%) React Developer
8 119 (8.24%) C# Developer
9 93 (6.44%) PHP Developer
10 91 (6.30%) Software Engineer
11 86 (5.96%) C# .NET Developer
12 78 (5.40%) Angular Developer
13 74 (5.12%) Architect
14 64 (4.43%) Web Developer
15 58 (4.02%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 54 (3.74%) Lead Developer
17 52 (3.60%) Java Developer
18 46 (3.19%) JavaScript Engineer
19 41 (2.84%) Junior
19 41 (2.84%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,272 (88.09%) HTML
2 527 (36.50%) AngularJS
3 455 (31.51%) .NET
4 430 (29.78%) HTML5
5 408 (28.25%) React
6 323 (22.37%) CSS3
7 314 (21.75%) Node.js
8 250 (17.31%) ASP.NET
9 231 (16.00%) REST
10 216 (14.96%) Sass
11 210 (14.54%) jQuery
12 191 (13.23%) Vue.js
13 166 (11.50%) XML
14 160 (11.08%) RESTful
15 159 (11.01%) .NET Core
16 153 (10.60%) Web Services
17 150 (10.39%) Redux
18 128 (8.86%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 122 (8.45%) ASP.NET Web API
20 120 (8.31%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 209 (14.47%) User Experience
2 117 (8.10%) Greenfield Project
3 96 (6.65%) Analytical Skills
4 78 (5.40%) Mobile App
5 41 (2.84%) Hedge funds
6 37 (2.56%) N-Tier
7 35 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
8 31 (2.15%) e-Learning
8 31 (2.15%) Media Streaming
9 29 (2.01%) Self-Motivation
10 26 (1.80%) Cloud Native
11 22 (1.52%) Client/Server
12 21 (1.45%) Video on Demand
13 20 (1.39%) Video\Live Streaming
14 17 (1.18%) Replication
15 16 (1.11%) Algorithms
15 16 (1.11%) Data Structures
16 14 (0.97%) SCORM
17 12 (0.83%) Blog
17 12 (0.83%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 87 (6.02%) Linux
2 56 (3.88%) Windows
3 33 (2.29%) Apple iOS
4 31 (2.15%) Unix
5 26 (1.80%) Android
6 7 (0.48%) CentOS
7 5 (0.35%) Fedora
8 3 (0.21%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.14%) VMS
10 1 (0.069%) Debian
10 1 (0.069%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.069%) tvOS
10 1 (0.069%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.069%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 699 (48.41%) Agile Software Development
2 328 (22.71%) Front End Development
3 318 (22.02%) TDD
4 281 (19.46%) Web Development
5 267 (18.49%) DevOps
6 255 (17.66%) OO
7 249 (17.24%) MVC
8 237 (16.41%) Scrum
9 223 (15.44%) Software Engineering
10 184 (12.74%) Microservices
11 149 (10.32%) BDD
12 143 (9.90%) Continuous Integration
13 138 (9.56%) Computer Science
14 129 (8.93%) E-Commerce
15 118 (8.17%) Test Automation
16 117 (8.10%) Problem-Solving
17 115 (7.96%) Fintech
18 114 (7.89%) Unit Testing
19 100 (6.93%) CRM
20 99 (6.86%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,186 (82.13%) JavaScript
2 377 (26.11%) C#
3 369 (25.55%) SQL
4 251 (17.38%) TypeScript
5 195 (13.50%) PHP
6 167 (11.57%) Java
7 124 (8.59%) Python
8 109 (7.55%) ES6
9 78 (5.40%) T-SQL
10 43 (2.98%) Ruby
11 31 (2.15%) PowerShell
12 30 (2.08%) C++
13 21 (1.45%) VB.NET
14 20 (1.39%) Scala
15 17 (1.18%) Kotlin
16 14 (0.97%) Apex Code
16 14 (0.97%) ES7
17 12 (0.83%) C
17 12 (0.83%) PL/SQL
18 11 (0.76%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 203 (14.06%) Degree
2 99 (6.86%) Computer Science Degree
3 14 (0.97%) Security Cleared
4 10 (0.69%) SC Cleared
5 3 (0.21%) HND
6 2 (0.14%) AWS Certification
6 2 (0.14%) DV Cleared
6 2 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.069%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.069%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 1 (0.069%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 81 (5.61%) QA
2 8 (0.55%) GDPR
3 5 (0.35%) PSD2
4 4 (0.28%) MiFID
5 3 (0.21%) EMIR
5 3 (0.21%) WCAG
6 2 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.14%) SLA
7 1 (0.069%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.069%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 144 (9.97%) Docker
2 4 (0.28%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.21%) LXC
3 3 (0.21%) vSphere
4 1 (0.069%) Firmware
4 1 (0.069%) Kamailio
4 1 (0.069%) OpenSIPS
4 1 (0.069%) Varnish
4 1 (0.069%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 82 (5.68%) Kubernetes
2 24 (1.66%) Terraform
3 6 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
3 6 (0.42%) Rancher
4 5 (0.35%) Ansible
4 5 (0.35%) Kibana
5 4 (0.28%) logstash
6 2 (0.14%) HAProxy
6 2 (0.14%) HP UCMDB
7 1 (0.069%) Grafana
7 1 (0.069%) Nagios
7 1 (0.069%) Puppet
7 1 (0.069%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.069%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 232 (16.07%) Microsoft
2 94 (6.51%) Google
3 50 (3.46%) Oracle
4 45 (3.12%) Salesforce.com
5 32 (2.22%) ServiceNow
6 31 (2.15%) Adobe
7 27 (1.87%) Atlassian
8 19 (1.32%) Siebel
9 17 (1.18%) VMware
10 15 (1.04%) Nintex
10 15 (1.04%) Pega
11 12 (0.83%) Databricks
11 12 (0.83%) hybris
11 12 (0.83%) Xamarin
12 11 (0.76%) SAP
12 11 (0.76%) Zend
13 10 (0.69%) IBM
14 9 (0.62%) Sparx
15 8 (0.55%) Pardot
15 8 (0.55%) Twitter