Period
to 15 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 15 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
15 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 22 20 16
Rank change year-on-year -2 -4 +1
Permanent jobs citing CSS 5,858 6,782 7,827
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 9.33% 9.71% 11.17%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 22.86% 24.71% 27.86%
Number of salaries quoted 4,805 5,992 6,929
London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £80,000 £76,250
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 25,624 27,443 28,097
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 40.80% 39.29% 40.11%
Number of salaries quoted 21,146 22,777 24,596
London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £38,250 £36,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 15 January 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 15 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -4 1,360 £62,500 +13.64% 384
West London +1 244 £55,000 +10.00% 212
South London -11 178 £45,000 - 24
East London -5 50 £55,000 +4.76% 84
North London -7 25 £40,000 -11.11% 15
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 15 January 2019, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 5,369 (91.65%) HTML
2 5,005 (85.44%) JavaScript
3 2,927 (49.97%) Agile Software Development
4 2,474 (42.23%) AngularJS
5 2,000 (34.14%) C#
6 1,972 (33.66%) HTML5
7 1,957 (33.41%) .NET
8 1,541 (26.31%) MVC
9 1,474 (25.16%) SQL
10 1,455 (24.84%) CSS3
11 1,432 (24.45%) React
12 1,412 (24.10%) Front End Development
13 1,374 (23.46%) jQuery
14 1,333 (22.76%) ASP.NET
15 1,236 (21.10%) Git (software)
16 1,233 (21.05%) Finance
17 1,217 (20.78%) SQL Server
18 1,014 (17.31%) Web Development
19 986 (16.83%) Java
20 974 (16.63%) TDD
21 943 (16.10%) User Experience
22 930 (15.88%) Microsoft Azure
23 893 (15.24%) Node.js
24 882 (15.06%) PHP
25 855 (14.60%) Scrum
26 810 (13.83%) ASP.NET MVC
27 772 (13.18%) ASP.NET Web API
28 749 (12.79%) Sass
29 745 (12.72%) Amazon AWS
30 738 (12.60%) RESTful

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 529 (9.03%) CMS
2 303 (5.17%) Elasticsearch
3 258 (4.40%) WordPress
4 165 (2.82%) Confluence
5 158 (2.70%) SharePoint
6 144 (2.46%) Apache
7 124 (2.12%) Drupal
8 121 (2.07%) Umbraco
9 110 (1.88%) Sitecore CMS
10 109 (1.86%) EPiServer
10 109 (1.86%) IIS
11 102 (1.74%) Tomcat
12 60 (1.02%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 51 (0.87%) Kentico
14 48 (0.82%) nginx
15 39 (0.67%) Apache Spark
16 37 (0.63%) JBoss
17 36 (0.61%) Ethereum
18 35 (0.60%) WebSphere
19 31 (0.53%) Marvel
Applications
1 241 (4.11%) Photoshop
2 146 (2.49%) Adobe Illustrator
3 96 (1.64%) InVision
4 77 (1.31%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 48 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
6 40 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
7 21 (0.36%) Adobe After Effects
7 21 (0.36%) InDesign
8 13 (0.22%) OmniGraffle
9 12 (0.20%) AutoCAD
9 12 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 11 (0.19%) Flinto
11 7 (0.12%) Chatbot
11 7 (0.12%) MS Visio
12 5 (0.085%) Mingle
12 5 (0.085%) UXPin
13 3 (0.051%) Adobe Premiere
13 3 (0.051%) InfoPath
14 2 (0.034%) Acrobat
14 2 (0.034%) Final Cut Pro
Business Applications
1 112 (1.91%) Magento
2 110 (1.88%) Dynamics CRM
3 32 (0.55%) Eloqua
4 24 (0.41%) SAP Hybris
4 24 (0.41%) Shopify
5 23 (0.39%) Actimize
6 11 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
7 9 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
8 7 (0.12%) NetSuite
8 7 (0.12%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 6 (0.10%) Odoo
10 5 (0.085%) Adobe Campaign
10 5 (0.085%) Oracle BPM
11 4 (0.068%) Distributed Ledger
12 2 (0.034%) Dynamics NAV
12 2 (0.034%) PeopleSoft Financials
12 2 (0.034%) PeopleSoft HCM
12 2 (0.034%) ScheduALL
12 2 (0.034%) WebTrends
13 1 (0.017%) Oracle CRM
Cloud Services
1 930 (15.88%) Microsoft Azure
2 745 (12.72%) Amazon AWS
3 213 (3.64%) SaaS
4 197 (3.36%) npm
5 192 (3.28%) GitHub
6 96 (1.64%) Google Cloud Platform
7 94 (1.60%) Serverless
8 67 (1.14%) Amazon S3
9 59 (1.01%) Google Analytics
10 54 (0.92%) PaaS
11 53 (0.90%) Amazon EC2
11 53 (0.90%) AWS Lambda
12 41 (0.70%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 36 (0.61%) IaaS
14 31 (0.53%) Google Play
14 31 (0.53%) Heroku
15 29 (0.50%) Office 365
16 27 (0.46%) Amazon Kinesis
16 27 (0.46%) AWS CloudFormation
16 27 (0.46%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 124 (2.12%) HTTP
2 90 (1.54%) Internet
3 47 (0.80%) Intranet
4 24 (0.41%) Firewall
5 21 (0.36%) DNS
6 17 (0.29%) Extranet
7 14 (0.24%) SSL
7 14 (0.24%) TCP/IP
8 11 (0.19%) SMS
8 11 (0.19%) SSH
9 9 (0.15%) HTTPS
10 6 (0.10%) Wireless
11 5 (0.085%) SAN
12 4 (0.068%) FTP
12 4 (0.068%) iBeacon
13 3 (0.051%) IPFS
13 3 (0.051%) LAN
13 3 (0.051%) Skype
13 3 (0.051%) VPN
14 2 (0.034%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,217 (20.78%) SQL Server
2 605 (10.33%) MySQL
3 423 (7.22%) NoSQL
4 394 (6.73%) MongoDB
5 234 (3.99%) PostgreSQL
6 208 (3.55%) Relational Database
7 128 (2.19%) Redis
8 119 (2.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 108 (1.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 99 (1.69%) SQL Server 2016
11 89 (1.52%) Big Data
12 83 (1.42%) Blockchain
13 74 (1.26%) SQL Server 2012
14 71 (1.21%) Power BI
15 60 (1.02%) RDBMS
16 58 (0.99%) SQL Server 2008
17 52 (0.89%) RavenDB
18 48 (0.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 46 (0.79%) Data Warehouse
20 45 (0.77%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 1,236 (21.10%) Git (software)
2 421 (7.19%) Jenkins
3 376 (6.42%) JIRA
4 360 (6.15%) webpack
5 348 (5.94%) gulp
6 273 (4.66%) Selenium
7 270 (4.61%) Grunt
8 247 (4.22%) Visual Studio
9 213 (3.64%) Team Foundation Server
10 194 (3.31%) Subversion
11 173 (2.95%) TeamCity
12 136 (2.32%) Mocha
13 131 (2.24%) Jasmine
13 131 (2.24%) Maven
14 117 (2.00%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 117 (2.00%) JUnit
15 116 (1.98%) Protractor
16 115 (1.96%) Visual Studio Team System
17 108 (1.84%) Octopus Deploy
18 101 (1.72%) NUnit
General
1 1,233 (21.05%) Finance
2 460 (7.85%) Marketing
3 435 (7.43%) Banking
4 292 (4.98%) Retail
5 197 (3.36%) Advertising
6 178 (3.04%) Games
7 117 (2.00%) Investment Banking
8 90 (1.54%) Publishing
9 62 (1.06%) Legal
10 60 (1.02%) Back Office
10 60 (1.02%) Front Office
11 54 (0.92%) Telecoms
12 53 (0.90%) Law
13 40 (0.68%) Automotive
14 36 (0.61%) Financial Institution
15 33 (0.56%) Manufacturing
16 26 (0.44%) Retail Banking
17 19 (0.32%) Electronics
18 18 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
19 13 (0.22%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 4,202 (71.73%) Developer
2 1,012 (17.28%) .NET Developer
3 984 (16.80%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 751 (12.82%) Senior Developer
5 644 (10.99%) C# Developer
6 548 (9.35%) JavaScript Developer
7 545 (9.30%) Full Stack Developer
8 450 (7.68%) C# .NET Developer
9 415 (7.08%) Web Developer
10 360 (6.15%) PHP Developer
11 345 (5.89%) React Developer
12 329 (5.62%) Java Developer
13 321 (5.48%) Software Engineer
14 267 (4.56%) Lead Developer
15 255 (4.35%) Designer
16 248 (4.23%) ASP.NET Developer
17 245 (4.18%) HTML Developer
18 236 (4.03%) Architect
19 209 (3.57%) Angular Developer
20 206 (3.52%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,369 (91.65%) HTML
2 2,474 (42.23%) AngularJS
3 1,972 (33.66%) HTML5
4 1,957 (33.41%) .NET
5 1,455 (24.84%) CSS3
6 1,432 (24.45%) React
7 1,374 (23.46%) jQuery
8 1,333 (22.76%) ASP.NET
9 893 (15.24%) Node.js
10 810 (13.83%) ASP.NET MVC
11 772 (13.18%) ASP.NET Web API
12 749 (12.79%) Sass
13 738 (12.60%) RESTful
14 737 (12.58%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 692 (11.81%) Web Services
16 568 (9.70%) REST
17 526 (8.98%) Vue.js
18 514 (8.77%) Redux
19 481 (8.21%) XML
20 474 (8.09%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 943 (16.10%) User Experience
2 439 (7.49%) Greenfield Project
3 411 (7.02%) Fintech
4 334 (5.70%) Mobile App
5 251 (4.28%) Analytical Skills
6 181 (3.09%) Self-Motivation
7 159 (2.71%) Enterprise Software
8 88 (1.50%) Algorithms
9 86 (1.47%) Tandem
10 84 (1.43%) Data Structures
11 78 (1.33%) N-Tier
12 71 (1.21%) Hedge funds
13 68 (1.16%) Social Media
14 63 (1.08%) Blog
15 46 (0.79%) Virtual Team
16 42 (0.72%) Xbox
17 40 (0.68%) Management Information System
18 38 (0.65%) Derivative
18 38 (0.65%) Linux Command Line
19 36 (0.61%) Digital Media
Operating Systems
1 421 (7.19%) Linux
2 261 (4.46%) Windows
3 228 (3.89%) Android
4 180 (3.07%) Apple iOS
5 74 (1.26%) Unix
6 51 (0.87%) Ubuntu
7 49 (0.84%) Windows Server
8 30 (0.51%) CentOS
9 23 (0.39%) openSUSE
10 22 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
11 17 (0.29%) Mac OS
12 14 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 12 (0.20%) Solaris
14 8 (0.14%) Debian
14 8 (0.14%) Mac OS X
14 8 (0.14%) VMS
15 7 (0.12%) Windows NT
16 2 (0.034%) CoreOS
16 2 (0.034%) Fedora
16 2 (0.034%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,927 (49.97%) Agile Software Development
2 1,541 (26.31%) MVC
3 1,412 (24.10%) Front End Development
4 1,014 (17.31%) Web Development
5 974 (16.63%) TDD
6 855 (14.60%) Scrum
7 734 (12.53%) Software Engineering
8 598 (10.21%) OO
9 558 (9.53%) Test Automation
10 551 (9.41%) DevOps
11 550 (9.39%) Problem-Solving
12 534 (9.12%) Microservices
13 506 (8.64%) E-Commerce
14 501 (8.55%) Continuous Integration
15 450 (7.68%) Unit Testing
16 442 (7.55%) Web Application Development
17 411 (7.02%) BDD
18 401 (6.85%) Analytics
19 375 (6.40%) Computer Science
20 373 (6.37%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 5,005 (85.44%) JavaScript
2 2,000 (34.14%) C#
3 1,474 (25.16%) SQL
4 986 (16.83%) Java
5 882 (15.06%) PHP
6 552 (9.42%) Python
7 544 (9.29%) ES6
8 376 (6.42%) TypeScript
9 320 (5.46%) T-SQL
10 216 (3.69%) Ruby
11 143 (2.44%) Java 8
12 117 (2.00%) C++
13 108 (1.84%) PL/SQL
14 104 (1.78%) VB.NET
15 82 (1.40%) C
16 78 (1.33%) PowerShell
17 75 (1.28%) Scala
18 61 (1.04%) Go
19 55 (0.94%) PHP 7
20 54 (0.92%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 655 (11.18%) Degree
2 233 (3.98%) Computer Science Degree
3 72 (1.23%) Security Cleared
4 62 (1.06%) SC Cleared
5 40 (0.68%) PhD
6 21 (0.36%) SAFe Agilist
7 15 (0.26%) DV Cleared
7 15 (0.26%) Master's Degree
8 11 (0.19%) AWS Certification
9 10 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
9 10 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
10 9 (0.15%) CCNA
10 9 (0.15%) ISTQB
11 8 (0.14%) ISEB
12 7 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
13 5 (0.085%) ITIL Certification
14 4 (0.068%) CISSP
14 4 (0.068%) MCSA
14 4 (0.068%) MCSE
14 4 (0.068%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 282 (4.81%) QA
2 43 (0.73%) GDPR
3 27 (0.46%) WCAG
4 17 (0.29%) Data Quality
5 15 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (0.14%) SLA
7 4 (0.068%) JSP 440
7 4 (0.068%) PMO
8 3 (0.051%) WAI
9 2 (0.034%) MiFID
10 1 (0.017%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.017%) HL7
10 1 (0.017%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 402 (6.86%) Docker
2 34 (0.58%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
4 14 (0.24%) Varnish
5 11 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.10%) vSphere
7 5 (0.085%) GridGain
8 3 (0.051%) KVM
9 2 (0.034%) HDFS
9 2 (0.034%) LXC
9 2 (0.034%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.017%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.017%) Terminal Services
10 1 (0.017%) VMware Workstation
10 1 (0.017%) Xen
Systems Management
1 135 (2.30%) Kubernetes
2 86 (1.47%) Opscode Chef
3 57 (0.97%) Puppet
4 55 (0.94%) Terraform
5 53 (0.90%) Ansible
6 25 (0.43%) Salt
7 17 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
8 13 (0.22%) Kibana
9 11 (0.19%) Control-M
9 11 (0.19%) HAProxy
9 11 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
10 10 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
11 7 (0.12%) logstash
11 7 (0.12%) TeamSite
12 5 (0.085%) Grafana
12 5 (0.085%) Mesos
13 4 (0.068%) Nagios
14 3 (0.051%) EMC NetWorker
14 3 (0.051%) SCCM
14 3 (0.051%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 696 (11.88%) Microsoft
2 317 (5.41%) Oracle
3 236 (4.03%) Adobe
4 224 (3.82%) Google
5 150 (2.56%) Sitecore
6 79 (1.35%) Salesforce.com
7 59 (1.01%) Tableau
8 56 (0.96%) Nintex
9 53 (0.90%) ServiceNow
10 49 (0.84%) Splunk
11 47 (0.80%) Facebook
12 46 (0.79%) SAP
13 44 (0.75%) IBM
14 43 (0.73%) Zend
15 33 (0.56%) Xamarin
16 32 (0.55%) hybris
17 30 (0.51%) Marketo
18 27 (0.46%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
19 26 (0.44%) Alterian
19 26 (0.44%) Apple