Period
to 23 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 23 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
23 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 26 21 19
Rank change year-on-year -5 -2 -4
Permanent jobs citing CSS 4,600 6,794 7,643
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 8.17% 9.85% 10.33%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 20.91% 24.32% 26.13%
Number of salaries quoted 3,987 5,802 6,610
London median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £33,500
90th Percentile £88,000 £85,000 £80,000
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £43,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 22,001 27,932 29,247
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 39.07% 40.50% 39.53%
Number of salaries quoted 18,425 22,828 23,792
London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.85% +8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £40,000 £37,500 £36,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,750 £90,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £49,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% +2.04% +3.16%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 23 August 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 23 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -9 1,113 £62,500 +4.17% 263
West London +7 238 £50,000 -4.76% 132
South London -19 103 £47,500 +6.74% 25
East London -6 43 £52,500 -4.55% 58
North London -3 22 £46,250 +12.12% 18
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 23 August 2019, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 4,220 (91.74%) HTML
2 3,903 (84.85%) JavaScript
3 2,242 (48.74%) Agile Software Development
4 1,670 (36.30%) AngularJS
5 1,512 (32.87%) HTML5
6 1,497 (32.54%) C#
7 1,389 (30.20%) .NET
8 1,337 (29.07%) React
9 1,236 (26.87%) Front End Development
10 1,074 (23.35%) SQL
11 1,035 (22.50%) MVC
12 1,000 (21.74%) Git (software)
13 997 (21.67%) CSS3
14 961 (20.89%) ASP.NET
15 957 (20.80%) User Experience
16 885 (19.24%) SQL Server
17 844 (18.35%) TDD
18 829 (18.02%) jQuery
19 820 (17.83%) Finance
20 778 (16.91%) Java
21 761 (16.54%) Node.js
22 744 (16.17%) AWS
23 720 (15.65%) Web Development
24 695 (15.11%) Scrum
25 621 (13.50%) Azure
26 607 (13.20%) PHP
27 604 (13.13%) REST
28 600 (13.04%) Sass
29 588 (12.78%) Web Services
30 571 (12.41%) ASP.NET MVC

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 245 (5.33%) CMS
2 238 (5.17%) Elasticsearch
3 165 (3.59%) WordPress
4 126 (2.74%) Confluence
5 117 (2.54%) SharePoint
6 114 (2.48%) Umbraco
7 91 (1.98%) IIS
8 72 (1.57%) Drupal
9 70 (1.52%) Apache
10 68 (1.48%) Tomcat
11 54 (1.17%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 43 (0.93%) Sitecore CMS
13 41 (0.89%) EPiServer
14 30 (0.65%) nginx
15 27 (0.59%) Apache Spark
16 26 (0.57%) Kentico
16 26 (0.57%) Sitefinity
17 25 (0.54%) DNN
18 24 (0.52%) Immediacy CMS
18 24 (0.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 178 (3.87%) Sketch
2 155 (3.37%) Photoshop
3 101 (2.20%) InVision
4 93 (2.02%) Adobe Illustrator
5 53 (1.15%) Zeplin
6 42 (0.91%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 41 (0.89%) Microsoft Office
8 34 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
9 24 (0.52%) Adobe XD
10 20 (0.43%) Figma
10 20 (0.43%) Marvel
11 14 (0.30%) OmniGraffle
12 13 (0.28%) InDesign
13 12 (0.26%) Chatbot
14 11 (0.24%) Adobe After Effects
15 8 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
15 8 (0.17%) MS Visio
15 8 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
16 6 (0.13%) Adobe Premiere
17 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 64 (1.39%) Dynamics CRM
1 64 (1.39%) Magento
2 16 (0.35%) Dynamics AX
2 16 (0.35%) Shopify
3 13 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
4 11 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
5 9 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
6 7 (0.15%) WebTrends
7 6 (0.13%) NetSuite
8 4 (0.087%) OpenText MBPM
8 4 (0.087%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 4 (0.087%) StreamServe
9 3 (0.065%) OpenCart
9 3 (0.065%) Oracle Applications
9 3 (0.065%) osCommerce
10 2 (0.043%) Endur
10 2 (0.043%) Exstream
10 2 (0.043%) ReMetrica
10 2 (0.043%) SAP Business One
10 2 (0.043%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 744 (16.17%) AWS
2 621 (13.50%) Azure
3 276 (6.00%) SaaS
4 198 (4.30%) Serverless
5 175 (3.80%) GitHub
6 172 (3.74%) npm
7 144 (3.13%) GCP
8 139 (3.02%) AWS Lambda
9 112 (2.43%) Amazon S3
10 83 (1.80%) Amazon EC2
11 78 (1.70%) Google Analytics
12 76 (1.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 75 (1.63%) PaaS
14 59 (1.28%) Amazon ECS
14 59 (1.28%) Amazon Kinesis
15 57 (1.24%) Power Platform
16 52 (1.13%) CloudFront
17 48 (1.04%) Adobe Creative Cloud
18 47 (1.02%) Yarn
19 46 (1.00%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 101 (2.20%) HTTP
2 70 (1.52%) Internet
3 13 (0.28%) DNS
4 11 (0.24%) Firewall
4 11 (0.24%) Intranet
4 11 (0.24%) TCP/IP
5 8 (0.17%) SMS
6 7 (0.15%) SSH
7 5 (0.11%) Skype
8 4 (0.087%) Network Security
8 4 (0.087%) RTMP
8 4 (0.087%) SSL
8 4 (0.087%) Wireless
9 3 (0.065%) VPN
9 3 (0.065%) WAN
10 2 (0.043%) Remote Desktop
10 2 (0.043%) SNMP
10 2 (0.043%) WebEx
11 1 (0.022%) Plixer Scrutinizer
11 1 (0.022%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 885 (19.24%) SQL Server
2 425 (9.24%) MySQL
3 356 (7.74%) NoSQL
4 199 (4.33%) MongoDB
5 150 (3.26%) Redis
6 141 (3.07%) Relational Database
7 125 (2.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 96 (2.09%) PostgreSQL
9 82 (1.78%) Big Data
10 81 (1.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 72 (1.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 56 (1.22%) Amazon Athena
12 56 (1.22%) SQL Server 2016
13 50 (1.09%) SQL Server 2012
14 44 (0.96%) Blockchain
14 44 (0.96%) Power BI
15 34 (0.74%) Amazon RDS
15 34 (0.74%) SQL Server 2008
16 33 (0.72%) Cosmos DB
17 32 (0.70%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 1,000 (21.74%) Git (software)
2 320 (6.96%) webpack
3 312 (6.78%) JIRA
4 230 (5.00%) Jenkins
5 179 (3.89%) gulp
5 179 (3.89%) Selenium
6 161 (3.50%) Grunt
7 149 (3.24%) Visual Studio
8 142 (3.09%) Jasmine
9 135 (2.93%) Team Foundation Server
10 106 (2.30%) Mocha
11 87 (1.89%) Bitbucket
12 81 (1.76%) Subversion
13 78 (1.70%) Maven
14 75 (1.63%) Karma Test Runner
15 71 (1.54%) TeamCity
16 69 (1.50%) Babel
16 69 (1.50%) JUnit
17 67 (1.46%) Visual Studio Team System
18 60 (1.30%) NUnit
General
1 820 (17.83%) Finance
2 369 (8.02%) Marketing
3 269 (5.85%) Retail
4 226 (4.91%) Banking
5 197 (4.28%) Advertising
6 140 (3.04%) Games
7 75 (1.63%) Law
8 70 (1.52%) Publishing
9 62 (1.35%) Manufacturing
10 59 (1.28%) Public Sector
11 57 (1.24%) Investment Banking
12 49 (1.07%) Telecoms
13 41 (0.89%) Financial Institution
14 40 (0.87%) Front Office
15 35 (0.76%) Legal
16 29 (0.63%) Electronics
17 22 (0.48%) Automotive
18 20 (0.43%) Back Office
18 20 (0.43%) Multimedia
19 11 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,322 (72.22%) Developer
2 861 (18.72%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 735 (15.98%) .NET Developer
4 585 (12.72%) Senior Developer
5 480 (10.43%) C# Developer
6 451 (9.80%) JavaScript Developer
7 411 (8.93%) React Developer
8 341 (7.41%) Full Stack Developer
9 315 (6.85%) C# .NET Developer
10 234 (5.09%) PHP Developer
11 227 (4.93%) Designer
12 212 (4.61%) Java Developer
13 208 (4.52%) Software Engineer
14 194 (4.22%) Web Developer
15 189 (4.11%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 187 (4.07%) Angular Developer
16 187 (4.07%) Lead Developer
17 177 (3.85%) Software Developer
18 172 (3.74%) HTML Developer
19 141 (3.07%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,220 (91.74%) HTML
2 1,670 (36.30%) AngularJS
3 1,512 (32.87%) HTML5
4 1,389 (30.20%) .NET
5 1,337 (29.07%) React
6 997 (21.67%) CSS3
7 961 (20.89%) ASP.NET
8 829 (18.02%) jQuery
9 761 (16.54%) Node.js
10 604 (13.13%) REST
11 600 (13.04%) Sass
12 588 (12.78%) Web Services
13 571 (12.41%) ASP.NET MVC
14 550 (11.96%) ASP.NET Web API
15 506 (11.00%) Redux
16 456 (9.91%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 429 (9.33%) RESTful
18 350 (7.61%) Vue.js
19 309 (6.72%) .NET Core
20 300 (6.52%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 957 (20.80%) User Experience
2 337 (7.33%) Greenfield Project
3 230 (5.00%) Analytical Skills
4 193 (4.20%) Mobile App
5 155 (3.37%) Algorithms
6 139 (3.02%) Enterprise Software
7 126 (2.74%) Data Structures
8 87 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
9 77 (1.67%) Hedge funds
10 70 (1.52%) Social Media
11 59 (1.28%) Tandem
12 50 (1.09%) Robotics
13 44 (0.96%) N-Tier
14 41 (0.89%) Social Network
15 40 (0.87%) Graphic Design
16 35 (0.76%) Blog
16 35 (0.76%) Management Information System
16 35 (0.76%) Online Gambling
17 31 (0.67%) Equities
18 28 (0.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 259 (5.63%) Linux
2 219 (4.76%) Windows
3 75 (1.63%) Apple iOS
4 70 (1.52%) Android
5 69 (1.50%) Unix
6 51 (1.11%) Windows Server
7 16 (0.35%) Ubuntu
8 13 (0.28%) CentOS
9 9 (0.20%) Mac OS
9 9 (0.20%) Mac OS X
9 9 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
10 8 (0.17%) Fedora
11 5 (0.11%) Windows 7
12 4 (0.087%) Debian
12 4 (0.087%) openSUSE
12 4 (0.087%) SUSE
12 4 (0.087%) Windows 10
13 3 (0.065%) VMS
13 3 (0.065%) Windows Server 2003
13 3 (0.065%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,242 (48.74%) Agile Software Development
2 1,236 (26.87%) Front End Development
3 1,035 (22.50%) MVC
4 844 (18.35%) TDD
5 720 (15.65%) Web Development
6 695 (15.11%) Scrum
7 570 (12.39%) DevOps
8 565 (12.28%) Software Engineering
9 508 (11.04%) OO
10 464 (10.09%) Unit Testing
11 451 (9.80%) Problem-Solving
12 436 (9.48%) Computer Science
13 423 (9.20%) Continuous Integration
14 405 (8.80%) Microservices
15 387 (8.41%) Test Automation
16 385 (8.37%) E-Commerce
17 376 (8.17%) Analytics
18 365 (7.93%) BDD
19 322 (7.00%) Fintech
20 309 (6.72%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 3,903 (84.85%) JavaScript
2 1,497 (32.54%) C#
3 1,074 (23.35%) SQL
4 778 (16.91%) Java
5 607 (13.20%) PHP
6 483 (10.50%) ES6
7 467 (10.15%) Python
8 394 (8.57%) TypeScript
9 275 (5.98%) T-SQL
10 130 (2.83%) Java 8
11 121 (2.63%) Ruby
12 89 (1.93%) Scala
13 83 (1.80%) C
14 76 (1.65%) PowerShell
15 65 (1.41%) VB.NET
16 60 (1.30%) C++
17 50 (1.09%) ES7
18 37 (0.80%) XPath
19 35 (0.76%) Groovy
20 32 (0.70%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 550 (11.96%) Degree
2 210 (4.57%) Computer Science Degree
3 50 (1.09%) Security Cleared
4 33 (0.72%) SC Cleared
5 24 (0.52%) Master's Degree
6 15 (0.33%) DV Cleared
7 12 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
8 9 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
8 9 (0.20%) PhD
9 6 (0.13%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.13%) MCP
10 5 (0.11%) CGEIT
10 5 (0.11%) CIPD
10 5 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
10 5 (0.11%) MCSE
11 3 (0.065%) MCSA
11 3 (0.065%) MCSD
11 3 (0.065%) Postgraduate
12 2 (0.043%) CCNA
12 2 (0.043%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 199 (4.33%) QA
2 42 (0.91%) WAI
3 25 (0.54%) GDPR
4 16 (0.35%) SLA
5 8 (0.17%) WCAG
6 4 (0.087%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.022%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.022%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 341 (7.41%) Docker
2 23 (0.50%) Active Directory
3 22 (0.48%) Varnish
4 17 (0.37%) Forefront TMG
5 5 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.065%) Firmware
6 3 (0.065%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.043%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.022%) GridGain
8 1 (0.022%) vCloud
8 1 (0.022%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 182 (3.96%) Kubernetes
2 63 (1.37%) Terraform
3 57 (1.24%) Ansible
4 38 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
5 32 (0.70%) Puppet
6 30 (0.65%) Kibana
6 30 (0.65%) logstash
7 13 (0.28%) TeamSite
8 11 (0.24%) SCCM
9 9 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
10 7 (0.15%) Grafana
10 7 (0.15%) Prometheus
10 7 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
11 6 (0.13%) HAProxy
12 5 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
13 4 (0.087%) Salt
14 3 (0.065%) LiteSpeed
15 2 (0.043%) SCOrch
16 1 (0.022%) HP UCMDB
16 1 (0.022%) Oozie
Vendors
1 508 (11.04%) Microsoft
2 253 (5.50%) Adobe
3 223 (4.85%) Google
4 188 (4.09%) Oracle
5 86 (1.87%) Salesforce.com
6 75 (1.63%) Splunk
7 64 (1.39%) Sitecore
8 55 (1.20%) Atlassian
9 46 (1.00%) Nintex
10 45 (0.98%) Facebook
10 45 (0.98%) SAP
11 38 (0.83%) ServiceNow
12 32 (0.70%) Tableau
13 30 (0.65%) YouTube
14 24 (0.52%) Alterian
15 20 (0.43%) Zend
16 19 (0.41%) Tealium
17 16 (0.35%) Cypress Semiconductor
17 16 (0.35%) Fidessa
18 15 (0.33%) Demandware