Period
to 21 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 21 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
21 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 19 17 16
Rank change year-on-year -2 -1 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 7,019 7,739 9,144
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 9.99% 11.05% 10.78%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.88% 27.61% 27.76%
Number of salaries quoted 6,171 6,791 8,196
London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £75,000
England median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 28,209 28,030 32,941
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 40.15% 40.02% 38.85%
Number of salaries quoted 23,686 24,484 28,455
London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,400
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.37% +3.11%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 21 February 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 21 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 1,636 £55,000 +4.76% 302
West London -4 313 £50,000 - 209
South London +5 283 £45,000 -5.26% 37
East London -11 83 £50,000 - 81
North London +5 59 £45,000 +12.50% 23
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 21 February 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 6,503 (92.65%) HTML
2 6,072 (86.51%) JavaScript
3 3,228 (45.99%) Agile Software Development
4 2,979 (42.44%) HTML5
5 2,742 (39.07%) AngularJS
6 2,156 (30.72%) .NET
7 2,145 (30.56%) CSS3
8 2,113 (30.10%) C#
9 2,018 (28.75%) jQuery
10 1,938 (27.61%) Front End Development
11 1,835 (26.14%) SQL
12 1,753 (24.98%) MVC
13 1,669 (23.78%) React
14 1,564 (22.28%) TDD
15 1,502 (21.40%) Web Development
16 1,495 (21.30%) Git (software)
17 1,405 (20.02%) Finance
18 1,392 (19.83%) Node.js
19 1,375 (19.59%) ASP.NET
20 1,329 (18.93%) Java
21 1,297 (18.48%) SQL Server
22 1,296 (18.46%) Scrum
23 1,281 (18.25%) User Experience
24 1,100 (15.67%) Sass
25 1,055 (15.03%) PHP
26 1,033 (14.72%) Degree
27 910 (12.96%) OO
27 910 (12.96%) Microsoft
28 856 (12.20%) Software Engineering
29 823 (11.73%) MySQL

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 488 (6.95%) CMS
2 317 (4.52%) SharePoint
3 249 (3.55%) WordPress
4 188 (2.68%) Elasticsearch
5 186 (2.65%) Apache
6 162 (2.31%) Umbraco
7 150 (2.14%) IIS
8 143 (2.04%) Drupal
9 127 (1.81%) SharePoint 2013
10 113 (1.61%) Tomcat
11 93 (1.32%) Sitecore CMS
12 79 (1.13%) Confluence
13 68 (0.97%) BizTalk Server
14 63 (0.90%) EPiServer
15 61 (0.87%) Apache Spark
16 52 (0.74%) nginx
17 46 (0.66%) SharePoint 2010
18 45 (0.64%) Ethereum
19 42 (0.60%) WebSphere
20 39 (0.56%) JBoss
Applications
1 405 (5.77%) Photoshop
2 218 (3.11%) Adobe Illustrator
3 134 (1.91%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 70 (1.00%) Microsoft Excel
5 56 (0.80%) InVision
6 51 (0.73%) InDesign
7 47 (0.67%) Microsoft Office
8 32 (0.46%) InfoPath
9 19 (0.27%) GIMP
10 13 (0.19%) Adobe After Effects
11 12 (0.17%) SPSS
12 10 (0.14%) UXPin
13 8 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 6 (0.085%) Fireworks
14 6 (0.085%) FrameMaker
15 5 (0.071%) MS Visio
16 4 (0.057%) Adobe Premiere
16 4 (0.057%) Spreadsheet
17 2 (0.028%) Microsoft Project
17 2 (0.028%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 85 (1.21%) Magento
2 77 (1.10%) Dynamics CRM
3 52 (0.74%) Distributed Ledger
4 42 (0.60%) Payment Gateway
5 28 (0.40%) Eloqua
6 23 (0.33%) SAP Hybris
7 17 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 8 (0.11%) Shopify
9 7 (0.100%) Dynamics NAV
9 7 (0.100%) Unit4 Business World
10 5 (0.071%) NetSuite
10 5 (0.071%) WebTrends
10 5 (0.071%) Workday HCM
11 4 (0.057%) BusinessWorks
12 3 (0.043%) Dynamics AX
12 3 (0.043%) Oracle EBS
13 2 (0.028%) Elite 3E
13 2 (0.028%) ION MarketView
13 2 (0.028%) Temenos T24
13 2 (0.028%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 766 (10.91%) Amazon AWS
2 670 (9.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 297 (4.23%) GitHub
4 273 (3.89%) SaaS
5 208 (2.96%) npm
6 125 (1.78%) Office 365
7 111 (1.58%) PaaS
8 75 (1.07%) Cloud Computing
9 73 (1.04%) IaaS
10 70 (1.00%) Amazon S3
11 69 (0.98%) Amazon EC2
12 68 (0.97%) Google Analytics
13 59 (0.84%) Google Cloud Platform
14 55 (0.78%) Serverless
15 52 (0.74%) Heroku
16 51 (0.73%) Slack
17 44 (0.63%) AWS Lambda
18 39 (0.56%) Adobe Creative Cloud
19 31 (0.44%) Trello
20 26 (0.37%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 243 (3.46%) HTTP
2 178 (2.54%) Internet
3 66 (0.94%) Intranet
4 45 (0.64%) SMS
5 41 (0.58%) TCP/IP
6 29 (0.41%) DNS
7 19 (0.27%) Firewall
8 17 (0.24%) SSL
9 16 (0.23%) AMQP
9 16 (0.23%) SSH
9 16 (0.23%) VPN
10 14 (0.20%) FTP
10 14 (0.20%) HTTPS
11 10 (0.14%) Extranet
12 9 (0.13%) Ethernet
12 9 (0.13%) VoIP
13 8 (0.11%) DHCP
14 6 (0.085%) 3G
14 6 (0.085%) Intrusion Detection
14 6 (0.085%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,297 (18.48%) SQL Server
2 823 (11.73%) MySQL
3 437 (6.23%) NoSQL
4 371 (5.29%) MongoDB
5 285 (4.06%) PostgreSQL
6 282 (4.02%) Relational Database
7 179 (2.55%) Redis
8 169 (2.41%) Big Data
9 130 (1.85%) Blockchain
10 120 (1.71%) SQL Server 2014
11 78 (1.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 76 (1.08%) Azure SQL Database
13 74 (1.05%) RDBMS
14 68 (0.97%) SQL Server 2012
15 63 (0.90%) Apache Cassandra
15 63 (0.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 58 (0.83%) Couchbase
17 52 (0.74%) Hadoop
18 48 (0.68%) SQL Server 2008
19 40 (0.57%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,495 (21.30%) Git (software)
2 503 (7.17%) gulp
3 487 (6.94%) webpack
4 410 (5.84%) Grunt
5 354 (5.04%) Subversion
6 336 (4.79%) Visual Studio
7 322 (4.59%) Jenkins
8 291 (4.15%) JIRA
9 247 (3.52%) NUnit
10 241 (3.43%) Selenium
11 236 (3.36%) Jasmine
12 210 (2.99%) Mocha
13 200 (2.85%) Team Foundation Server
14 181 (2.58%) Rhino Mocks
15 179 (2.55%) TeamCity
16 173 (2.46%) Karma Test Runner
17 143 (2.04%) Bitbucket
18 137 (1.95%) Maven
19 111 (1.58%) JUnit
20 109 (1.55%) Babel
General
1 1,405 (20.02%) Finance
2 514 (7.32%) Marketing
3 462 (6.58%) Banking
4 447 (6.37%) Retail
5 298 (4.25%) Games
6 287 (4.09%) Advertising
7 124 (1.77%) Telecoms
8 114 (1.62%) Legal
9 97 (1.38%) Publishing
10 94 (1.34%) Investment Banking
11 86 (1.23%) Law
12 55 (0.78%) Back Office
12 55 (0.78%) Financial Institution
13 48 (0.68%) Music Industry
14 44 (0.63%) Front Office
15 39 (0.56%) Manufacturing
16 37 (0.53%) Electronics
17 25 (0.36%) Retail Banking
18 22 (0.31%) Multimedia
19 16 (0.23%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 5,352 (76.25%) Developer
2 1,437 (20.47%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1,017 (14.49%) .NET Developer
4 987 (14.06%) Senior Developer
5 908 (12.94%) JavaScript Developer
6 822 (11.71%) C# Developer
7 632 (9.00%) Full Stack Developer
8 617 (8.79%) C# .NET Developer
9 561 (7.99%) Angular Developer
10 511 (7.28%) Web Developer
11 491 (7.00%) HTML Developer
12 434 (6.18%) Java Developer
13 425 (6.05%) React Developer
14 407 (5.80%) PHP Developer
15 379 (5.40%) HTML CSS Developer
16 357 (5.09%) ASP.NET Developer
17 316 (4.50%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 305 (4.35%) Lead Developer
19 297 (4.23%) Software Engineer
20 277 (3.95%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,503 (92.65%) HTML
2 2,979 (42.44%) HTML5
3 2,742 (39.07%) AngularJS
4 2,156 (30.72%) .NET
5 2,145 (30.56%) CSS3
6 2,018 (28.75%) jQuery
7 1,669 (23.78%) React
8 1,392 (19.83%) Node.js
9 1,375 (19.59%) ASP.NET
10 1,100 (15.67%) Sass
11 817 (11.64%) ASP.NET MVC
12 798 (11.37%) Web Services
13 757 (10.79%) REST
14 746 (10.63%) RESTful
15 646 (9.20%) Ajax
16 620 (8.83%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 608 (8.66%) XML
18 517 (7.37%) .NET Framework
19 504 (7.18%) LESS
20 492 (7.01%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 1,281 (18.25%) User Experience
2 629 (8.96%) Greenfield Project
3 614 (8.75%) Computer Science
4 546 (7.78%) Fintech
5 449 (6.40%) Mobile App
6 340 (4.84%) Analytical Skills
7 188 (2.68%) Enterprise Software
8 90 (1.28%) Algorithms
9 88 (1.25%) Hedge funds
10 87 (1.24%) W3C
11 83 (1.18%) Social Media
12 65 (0.93%) Graphic Design
13 63 (0.90%) Linux Command Line
14 62 (0.88%) Data Structures
15 60 (0.85%) Animation
16 49 (0.70%) Digital Media
17 46 (0.66%) Cloud Native
18 44 (0.63%) Client/Server
18 44 (0.63%) N-Tier
19 42 (0.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 647 (9.22%) Linux
2 278 (3.96%) Windows
3 227 (3.23%) Android
4 202 (2.88%) Unix
5 193 (2.75%) Apple iOS
6 50 (0.71%) Windows Server
7 30 (0.43%) VMS
8 26 (0.37%) Windows 7
9 25 (0.36%) Ubuntu
10 24 (0.34%) Debian
11 20 (0.28%) CentOS
12 16 (0.23%) Mac OS
13 13 (0.19%) Windows 8
14 12 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
15 9 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
16 7 (0.100%) Mac OS X
16 7 (0.100%) openSUSE
17 6 (0.085%) Fedora
17 6 (0.085%) Windows 10
18 5 (0.071%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,228 (45.99%) Agile Software Development
2 1,938 (27.61%) Front End Development
3 1,753 (24.98%) MVC
4 1,564 (22.28%) TDD
5 1,502 (21.40%) Web Development
6 1,296 (18.46%) Scrum
7 910 (12.96%) OO
8 856 (12.20%) Software Engineering
9 696 (9.92%) E-Commerce
10 690 (9.83%) BDD
11 623 (8.88%) Continuous Integration
12 567 (8.08%) Test Automation
13 558 (7.95%) Unit Testing
14 525 (7.48%) Microservices
15 520 (7.41%) Responsive Web Design
16 497 (7.08%) DevOps
17 459 (6.54%) Analytics
18 368 (5.24%) OOP
19 358 (5.10%) Web Application Development
20 354 (5.04%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 6,072 (86.51%) JavaScript
2 2,113 (30.10%) C#
3 1,835 (26.14%) SQL
4 1,329 (18.93%) Java
5 1,055 (15.03%) PHP
6 573 (8.16%) Python
7 553 (7.88%) ES6
8 375 (5.34%) TypeScript
9 309 (4.40%) Ruby
10 277 (3.95%) T-SQL
11 206 (2.93%) Scala
12 201 (2.86%) VB.NET
13 137 (1.95%) ES7
14 134 (1.91%) C++
15 122 (1.74%) PowerShell
16 82 (1.17%) Bash Shell
17 72 (1.03%) VB
18 69 (0.98%) C
18 69 (0.98%) Groovy
19 63 (0.90%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 1,033 (14.72%) Degree
2 308 (4.39%) Computer Science Degree
3 73 (1.04%) Microsoft Certification
4 67 (0.95%) Security Cleared
5 43 (0.61%) MCSD
6 41 (0.58%) Master's Degree
7 37 (0.53%) MCAD
8 36 (0.51%) SC Cleared
9 28 (0.40%) PhD
10 23 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
11 19 (0.27%) DV Cleared
12 14 (0.20%) MCTS
13 12 (0.17%) MCPD
14 10 (0.14%) MCP
15 8 (0.11%) MCSA
16 7 (0.100%) ISEB
17 6 (0.085%) BPSS Clearance
17 6 (0.085%) ITIL Certification
17 6 (0.085%) PMI Certification
18 5 (0.071%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 375 (5.34%) QA
2 33 (0.47%) WCAG
3 20 (0.28%) WAI
4 17 (0.24%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.100%) GCP
5 7 (0.100%) GDPR
5 7 (0.100%) SLA
6 6 (0.085%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.057%) Disclosure Scotland
7 4 (0.057%) HIPAA
8 3 (0.043%) MiFID
8 3 (0.043%) PMO
9 2 (0.028%) EMIR
9 2 (0.028%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.014%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.014%) IFRS
10 1 (0.014%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.014%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 345 (4.92%) Docker
2 41 (0.58%) Active Directory
3 18 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
4 11 (0.16%) HDFS
5 5 (0.071%) Microsoft App-V
5 5 (0.071%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.057%) GridGain
6 4 (0.057%) Varnish
6 4 (0.057%) VirtualBox
6 4 (0.057%) XenDesktop
7 3 (0.043%) Apache Flume
7 3 (0.043%) Firmware
8 2 (0.028%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.028%) Cygwin
8 2 (0.028%) KVM
9 1 (0.014%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 74 (1.05%) Ansible
2 71 (1.01%) Kubernetes
2 71 (1.01%) Puppet
3 48 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
4 23 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
5 21 (0.30%) Terraform
6 18 (0.26%) Docker Swarm
7 17 (0.24%) Salt
8 15 (0.21%) Kibana
9 9 (0.13%) logstash
9 9 (0.13%) Nagios
10 8 (0.11%) WebInspect
11 7 (0.100%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 6 (0.085%) ZABBIX
13 5 (0.071%) Prometheus
14 4 (0.057%) MOM
15 3 (0.043%) Grafana
15 3 (0.043%) Graphite
15 3 (0.043%) Hadoop YARN
15 3 (0.043%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 910 (12.96%) Microsoft
2 296 (4.22%) Adobe
3 262 (3.73%) Oracle
4 233 (3.32%) Google
5 126 (1.80%) Salesforce.com
6 112 (1.60%) Sitecore
7 104 (1.48%) Zend
8 66 (0.94%) SAP
9 51 (0.73%) hybris
9 51 (0.73%) IBM
10 50 (0.71%) Capita
11 48 (0.68%) Facebook
12 41 (0.58%) Twitter
13 37 (0.53%) Splunk
14 35 (0.50%) Tableau
14 35 (0.50%) TIBCO
15 28 (0.40%) Pega
15 28 (0.40%) ServiceNow
16 26 (0.37%) Demandware
16 26 (0.37%) Nintex