Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 23 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
23 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 40 32 34
Rank change year-on-year -8 +2 -8
Permanent jobs citing CSS 5,726 2,735 2,954
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 8.14% 7.95% 7.63%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 17.41% 17.93% 18.79%
Number of salaries quoted 1,925 1,813 2,502
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,368 £40,000
25th Percentile £51,250 £51,250 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £66,500 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.31% - +8.33%
75th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £80,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £88,750 £93,650
England median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,894 15,255 15,724
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 46.77% 44.36% 40.59%
Number of salaries quoted 12,713 10,985 13,061
10th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
25th Percentile £58,750 £55,000 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,400 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.71% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £87,500
90th Percentile £115,000 £105,000 £105,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +13.04% +4.55% +4.76%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 23 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -35 348 £65,000 -7.14% 106
West London -6 232 £60,000 -7.69% 37
South London +4 166 £50,000 -17.09% 9
East London -26 49 £67,500 +50.00% 32
North London -26 15 £42,500 -27.66% 1
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 23 May 2022, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 4,941 (86.29%) HTML
2 4,629 (80.84%) JavaScript
3 3,444 (60.15%) React
4 3,036 (53.02%) Agile
5 1,965 (34.32%) Git (software)
6 1,929 (33.69%) TypeScript
7 1,762 (30.77%) Node.js
8 1,718 (30.00%) User Experience
9 1,701 (29.71%) HTML5
10 1,592 (27.80%) AngularJS
11 1,582 (27.63%) Full Stack Development
12 1,558 (27.21%) Software Engineering
13 1,543 (26.95%) Finance
14 1,480 (25.85%) AWS
15 1,450 (25.32%) Front End Development
16 1,400 (24.45%) Social Skills
17 1,354 (23.65%) TDD
18 1,323 (23.11%) CI/CD
19 1,239 (21.64%) Java
20 1,238 (21.62%) CSS3
21 1,222 (21.34%) Docker
22 1,157 (20.21%) SQL
23 1,153 (20.14%) Sass
24 1,123 (19.61%) DevOps
25 1,118 (19.52%) .NET
26 1,110 (19.39%) Test Automation
27 1,073 (18.74%) Python
28 1,030 (17.99%) C#
29 1,019 (17.80%) Azure
30 1,004 (17.53%) REST

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 401 (7.00%) CMS
2 245 (4.28%) Elasticsearch
3 206 (3.60%) Confluence
4 152 (2.65%) Apache
5 147 (2.57%) Apache Spark
6 136 (2.38%) WordPress
7 67 (1.17%) Drupal
8 65 (1.14%) nginx
9 62 (1.08%) Umbraco
10 56 (0.98%) Tomcat
11 51 (0.89%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 49 (0.86%) Headless CMS
12 49 (0.86%) IIS
13 46 (0.80%) SharePoint
14 43 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
15 30 (0.52%) IBM Domino
16 27 (0.47%) GeoServer
17 25 (0.44%) Tornado
18 21 (0.37%) Apache Solr
19 20 (0.35%) WebLogic
Applications
1 192 (3.35%) Sketch
2 118 (2.06%) Photoshop
3 99 (1.73%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 69 (1.21%) InVision
5 61 (1.07%) Adobe XD
6 59 (1.03%) Adobe Illustrator
7 41 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
8 32 (0.56%) InDesign
9 26 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
10 25 (0.44%) Adobe After Effects
11 13 (0.23%) Chatbot
12 9 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
13 8 (0.14%) Maya
14 7 (0.12%) MS Visio
14 7 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
14 7 (0.12%) Zeplin
15 5 (0.087%) OmniGraffle
15 5 (0.087%) SketchUp
16 3 (0.052%) Acrobat
17 2 (0.035%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 62 (1.08%) Shopify
2 42 (0.73%) Dynamics CRM
3 33 (0.58%) Magento
4 16 (0.28%) Social Studio
5 10 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
6 8 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
8 5 (0.087%) Summit
9 4 (0.070%) Adobe Campaign
9 4 (0.070%) WebTrends
10 3 (0.052%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 2 (0.035%) Oracle BPM
11 2 (0.035%) Raiser's Edge
11 2 (0.035%) Temenos T24
12 1 (0.017%) IBM Planning Analytics
12 1 (0.017%) OpenText MBPM
12 1 (0.017%) Oracle ERP
12 1 (0.017%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 1 (0.017%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 1,480 (25.85%) AWS
2 1,019 (17.80%) Azure
3 675 (11.79%) Serverless
4 547 (9.55%) GitHub
5 419 (7.32%) npm
6 417 (7.28%) SaaS
7 409 (7.14%) AWS Lambda
8 398 (6.95%) GCP
9 291 (5.08%) Figma
10 193 (3.37%) OpenShift
11 186 (3.25%) Amazon S3
11 186 (3.25%) PaaS
12 138 (2.41%) GitHub Actions
13 134 (2.34%) Cloud Functions
14 132 (2.31%) Amazon SQS
15 131 (2.29%) Amazon EC2
16 123 (2.15%) Amazon ECS
17 122 (2.13%) Google Analytics
18 103 (1.80%) IaaS
19 100 (1.75%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 279 (4.87%) Internet
2 210 (3.67%) HTTP
3 53 (0.93%) Broadband
4 37 (0.65%) SSH
5 26 (0.45%) VoIP
6 25 (0.44%) DNS
7 24 (0.42%) PPP
8 21 (0.37%) 5G
9 18 (0.31%) SSL
10 14 (0.24%) HTTPS
11 13 (0.23%) X.25
12 12 (0.21%) FTP
12 12 (0.21%) Intranet
12 12 (0.21%) Skype
13 11 (0.19%) Firewall
13 11 (0.19%) MQTT
14 10 (0.17%) DMZ
14 10 (0.17%) Extranet
15 9 (0.16%) RIP
16 7 (0.12%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 791 (13.81%) MySQL
2 738 (12.89%) PostgreSQL
3 617 (10.78%) SQL Server
4 437 (7.63%) MongoDB
5 401 (7.00%) NoSQL
6 394 (6.88%) Redis
7 347 (6.06%) Relational Database
8 151 (2.64%) Apache Cassandra
9 136 (2.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 127 (2.22%) Big Data
11 126 (2.20%) Flink
12 92 (1.61%) Amazon RDS
13 53 (0.93%) Power BI
14 49 (0.86%) RDBMS
15 45 (0.79%) Amazon Aurora
15 45 (0.79%) BigQuery
16 39 (0.68%) Oracle Database
17 33 (0.58%) Hadoop
18 29 (0.51%) GIS
18 29 (0.51%) QGIS
Development Applications
1 1,965 (34.32%) Git (software)
2 834 (14.57%) JIRA
3 739 (12.91%) webpack
4 597 (10.43%) Jenkins
5 353 (6.16%) Cypress.io
6 244 (4.26%) Selenium
7 239 (4.17%) Maven
8 203 (3.55%) GitLab
9 201 (3.51%) Mocha
10 198 (3.46%) Bitbucket
11 181 (3.16%) Jasmine
12 180 (3.14%) gulp
13 178 (3.11%) Gradle
14 172 (3.00%) Subversion
15 166 (2.90%) Babel
16 148 (2.58%) CircleCI
17 127 (2.22%) Ant
18 125 (2.18%) JUnit
19 110 (1.92%) Grunt
20 93 (1.62%) TeamCity
General
1 1,543 (26.95%) Finance
2 1,400 (24.45%) Social Skills
3 551 (9.62%) Analytical Skills
4 521 (9.10%) Marketing
5 495 (8.64%) Retail
6 441 (7.70%) Games
7 378 (6.60%) Banking
8 370 (6.46%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 188 (3.28%) Manufacturing
10 171 (2.99%) Legal
11 164 (2.86%) Public Sector
12 155 (2.71%) Advertising
13 116 (2.03%) Publishing
14 86 (1.50%) Organisational Skills
15 84 (1.47%) Presentation Skills
16 78 (1.36%) Financial Institution
17 75 (1.31%) Law
18 74 (1.29%) Pharmaceutical
19 65 (1.14%) Local Government
20 60 (1.05%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 3,245 (56.67%) Developer
2 1,076 (18.79%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 888 (15.51%) Senior Developer
4 862 (15.05%) Software Engineer
5 578 (10.09%) Full Stack Developer
6 421 (7.35%) React Developer
7 384 (6.71%) Senior Front-End Developer
8 298 (5.20%) JavaScript Developer
9 284 (4.96%) Designer
9 284 (4.96%) Senior Software Engineer
10 266 (4.65%) Web Developer
11 251 (4.38%) Software Developer
12 231 (4.03%) .NET Developer
13 181 (3.16%) Lead Developer
14 159 (2.78%) Java Engineer
15 156 (2.72%) PHP Developer
16 150 (2.62%) UX Designer
17 148 (2.58%) Angular Developer
18 135 (2.36%) UI Developer
19 129 (2.25%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,941 (86.29%) HTML
2 3,444 (60.15%) React
3 1,762 (30.77%) Node.js
4 1,701 (29.71%) HTML5
5 1,592 (27.80%) AngularJS
6 1,238 (21.62%) CSS3
7 1,153 (20.14%) Sass
8 1,118 (19.52%) .NET
9 1,004 (17.53%) REST
10 928 (16.21%) Vue.js
11 839 (14.65%) RESTful
12 770 (13.45%) Jest
13 763 (13.33%) GraphQL
14 749 (13.08%) Redux
15 581 (10.15%) jQuery
16 532 (9.29%) ASP.NET
17 487 (8.51%) Web Services
18 434 (7.58%) JSON
19 417 (7.28%) Spring
20 367 (6.41%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 1,718 (30.00%) User Experience
2 474 (8.28%) Mobile App
3 302 (5.27%) Data Structures
4 273 (4.77%) Self-Motivation
5 269 (4.70%) Algorithms
6 193 (3.37%) Greenfield Project
7 185 (3.23%) Linux Command Line
8 183 (3.20%) Enterprise Software
9 156 (2.72%) Life Science
10 143 (2.50%) Blog
11 139 (2.43%) Social Media
12 127 (2.22%) Virtual Team
13 123 (2.15%) Sports Betting
14 102 (1.78%) Social Network
15 77 (1.34%) Legacy Code
16 75 (1.31%) Cloud Native
17 72 (1.26%) Graphic Design
18 69 (1.21%) NHS
18 69 (1.21%) PropTech
19 66 (1.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 412 (7.20%) Linux
2 277 (4.84%) Android
3 257 (4.49%) Apple iOS
4 220 (3.84%) Unix
5 181 (3.16%) Windows
6 62 (1.08%) Ubuntu
7 37 (0.65%) VMS
8 20 (0.35%) tvOS
9 17 (0.30%) Windows Server
10 8 (0.14%) Mac OS
11 7 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 4 (0.070%) CentOS
13 2 (0.035%) Debian
13 2 (0.035%) Windows Vista
14 1 (0.017%) Alpine Linux
14 1 (0.017%) Embedded Linux
14 1 (0.017%) FreeBSD
14 1 (0.017%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,036 (53.02%) Agile
2 1,582 (27.63%) Full Stack Development
3 1,558 (27.21%) Software Engineering
4 1,450 (25.32%) Front End Development
5 1,354 (23.65%) TDD
6 1,323 (23.11%) CI/CD
7 1,123 (19.61%) DevOps
8 1,110 (19.39%) Test Automation
9 985 (17.20%) Microservices
10 983 (17.17%) Mentoring
11 933 (16.29%) Web Development
12 930 (16.24%) Problem-Solving
13 857 (14.97%) Scrum
14 829 (14.48%) Continuous Integration
15 828 (14.46%) UX Design
16 818 (14.29%) Unit Testing
17 656 (11.46%) Computer Science
18 634 (11.07%) Coaching
19 613 (10.71%) Analytics
20 605 (10.57%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 4,629 (80.84%) JavaScript
2 1,929 (33.69%) TypeScript
3 1,239 (21.64%) Java
4 1,157 (20.21%) SQL
5 1,073 (18.74%) Python
6 1,030 (17.99%) C#
7 759 (13.26%) PHP
8 677 (11.82%) ES6
9 366 (6.39%) Ruby
10 228 (3.98%) PowerShell
11 163 (2.85%) Go
12 159 (2.78%) Kotlin
13 158 (2.76%) C++
14 139 (2.43%) Shell Script
15 138 (2.41%) T-SQL
16 132 (2.31%) Perl
17 128 (2.24%) C
18 116 (2.03%) Rust
19 109 (1.90%) Objective-C
20 105 (1.83%) ES7
Qualifications
1 755 (13.19%) Degree
2 354 (6.18%) Computer Science Degree
3 139 (2.43%) Master's Degree
4 71 (1.24%) Security Cleared
5 43 (0.75%) SC Cleared
6 17 (0.30%) AWS Certification
7 15 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
8 11 (0.19%) ISTQB
9 9 (0.16%) PMI Certification
10 7 (0.12%) HND
10 7 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
11 6 (0.10%) DV Cleared
11 6 (0.10%) Oracle Certification
11 6 (0.10%) Postgraduate
11 6 (0.10%) SANS
12 5 (0.087%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 4 (0.070%) DBS Check
13 4 (0.070%) OCPJP
13 4 (0.070%) Sun Certification
14 3 (0.052%) CIPD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 600 (10.48%) QA
2 573 (10.01%) Accessibility
3 67 (1.17%) WCAG
4 24 (0.42%) Data Quality
5 23 (0.40%) GDPR
6 18 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 16 (0.28%) SLA
7 16 (0.28%) WAI
8 11 (0.19%) ISO 13485
9 10 (0.17%) HIPAA
9 10 (0.17%) IEC 62304
10 3 (0.052%) MiFID
System Software
1 1,222 (21.34%) Docker
2 22 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 19 (0.33%) Active Directory
4 7 (0.12%) VirtualBox
5 5 (0.087%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.035%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 848 (14.81%) Kubernetes
2 344 (6.01%) Terraform
3 65 (1.14%) Ansible
4 53 (0.93%) Bugsnag
5 28 (0.49%) Puppet
6 24 (0.42%) Grafana
7 23 (0.40%) HP Quality Center
8 22 (0.38%) Hadoop YARN
9 20 (0.35%) Opscode Chef
10 9 (0.16%) Graphite
10 9 (0.16%) Graylog
10 9 (0.16%) Opsgenie
10 9 (0.16%) Rancher
11 8 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
12 6 (0.10%) Consul
12 6 (0.10%) Single Sign-On
13 4 (0.070%) HP UCMDB
13 4 (0.070%) Kubeflow
14 3 (0.052%) Kibana
14 3 (0.052%) Nmap
Vendors
1 584 (10.20%) Google
2 546 (9.54%) Microsoft
3 289 (5.05%) Adobe
4 134 (2.34%) Oracle
5 95 (1.66%) Sony
6 88 (1.54%) Apple
7 77 (1.34%) Salesforce.com
8 59 (1.03%) Sitecore
9 49 (0.86%) Netlify
10 47 (0.82%) Facebook
11 46 (0.80%) Civica
12 44 (0.77%) Sun
13 43 (0.75%) Zend
14 39 (0.68%) Instagram
15 38 (0.66%) Atlassian
16 32 (0.56%) YouTube
17 31 (0.54%) Twitter
18 27 (0.47%) Spotify
19 26 (0.45%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
20 25 (0.44%) ServiceNow