Period
to 23 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 23 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
23 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 18 17 16
Rank change year-on-year -1 -1 +2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 6,828 7,647 9,066
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 9.89% 11.20% 11.02%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.40% 27.52% 27.62%
Number of salaries quoted 5,894 6,560 8,054
London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £33,750 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
England median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 27,979 27,787 32,824
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 40.54% 40.69% 39.91%
Number of salaries quoted 23,022 23,689 28,711
London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £85,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 23 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 1,615 £57,500 +9.52% 299
West London -5 260 £52,500 +5.00% 194
South London +2 235 £42,500 -10.53% 18
East London -12 81 £50,000 -0.25% 96
North London 0 43 £47,500 +11.76% 12
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 23 May 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 6,205 (90.88%) HTML
2 5,808 (85.06%) JavaScript
3 3,111 (45.56%) Agile Software Development
4 2,648 (38.78%) AngularJS
5 2,607 (38.18%) HTML5
6 2,128 (31.17%) .NET
7 2,097 (30.71%) C#
8 1,934 (28.32%) CSS3
9 1,868 (27.36%) SQL
10 1,799 (26.35%) jQuery
10 1,799 (26.35%) Front End Development
11 1,706 (24.99%) React
11 1,706 (24.99%) MVC
12 1,596 (23.37%) Git (software)
13 1,529 (22.39%) TDD
14 1,498 (21.94%) Web Development
15 1,429 (20.93%) ASP.NET
16 1,392 (20.39%) Finance
17 1,329 (19.46%) Java
18 1,326 (19.42%) Node.js
19 1,285 (18.82%) SQL Server
20 1,220 (17.87%) User Experience
21 1,122 (16.43%) Scrum
22 1,016 (14.88%) Sass
23 990 (14.50%) PHP
24 985 (14.43%) Degree
25 898 (13.15%) Software Engineering
26 869 (12.73%) RESTful
27 828 (12.13%) ASP.NET MVC
28 827 (12.11%) Amazon AWS

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 524 (7.67%) CMS
2 313 (4.58%) SharePoint
3 223 (3.27%) WordPress
4 197 (2.89%) Elasticsearch
5 164 (2.40%) Apache
6 158 (2.31%) Drupal
7 133 (1.95%) SharePoint 2013
8 131 (1.92%) Tomcat
9 130 (1.90%) Umbraco
10 124 (1.82%) IIS
11 116 (1.70%) Confluence
12 112 (1.64%) Sitecore CMS
13 108 (1.58%) EPiServer
14 70 (1.03%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 57 (0.83%) Ethereum
16 53 (0.78%) nginx
17 49 (0.72%) SharePoint 2010
17 49 (0.72%) WebSphere
18 46 (0.67%) BizTalk Server
19 45 (0.66%) Mule
Applications
1 244 (3.57%) Photoshop
2 128 (1.87%) Adobe Illustrator
3 105 (1.54%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 62 (0.91%) Microsoft Excel
5 61 (0.89%) InVision
6 41 (0.60%) InfoPath
7 33 (0.48%) InDesign
8 30 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
9 18 (0.26%) OmniGraffle
10 14 (0.21%) GIMP
11 13 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 8 (0.12%) UXPin
13 7 (0.10%) Adobe After Effects
13 7 (0.10%) Fireworks
14 5 (0.073%) Microsoft Project
14 5 (0.073%) MS Visio
14 5 (0.073%) SPSS
15 4 (0.059%) Adobe Premiere
15 4 (0.059%) Chatbot
15 4 (0.059%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 82 (1.20%) Magento
2 71 (1.04%) Distributed Ledger
3 54 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
4 46 (0.67%) Eloqua
5 26 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
6 19 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
7 10 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 7 (0.10%) Shopify
9 4 (0.059%) Dynamics NAV
10 3 (0.044%) Oracle Applications
10 3 (0.044%) WebTrends
11 2 (0.029%) Adobe Campaign
11 2 (0.029%) NetSuite
11 2 (0.029%) Temenos T24
12 1 (0.015%) Elite 3E
12 1 (0.015%) ION MarketView
12 1 (0.015%) OpenCart
12 1 (0.015%) Oracle AML
12 1 (0.015%) Remedy ITSM
12 1 (0.015%) ScheduALL
Cloud Services
1 827 (12.11%) Amazon AWS
2 738 (10.81%) Microsoft Azure
3 325 (4.76%) GitHub
4 267 (3.91%) npm
5 230 (3.37%) SaaS
6 141 (2.07%) PaaS
7 105 (1.54%) Office 365
8 100 (1.46%) Cloud Computing
9 92 (1.35%) IaaS
10 86 (1.26%) Slack
11 83 (1.22%) Amazon S3
12 78 (1.14%) Google Analytics
13 77 (1.13%) Amazon EC2
14 74 (1.08%) Serverless
15 65 (0.95%) Google Cloud Platform
16 47 (0.69%) AWS Lambda
17 41 (0.60%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 41 (0.60%) Heroku
17 41 (0.60%) Trello
18 39 (0.57%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 226 (3.31%) HTTP
2 149 (2.18%) Internet
3 63 (0.92%) Intranet
4 37 (0.54%) DNS
5 32 (0.47%) TCP/IP
6 28 (0.41%) SMS
7 16 (0.23%) SSH
8 13 (0.19%) SSL
9 11 (0.16%) AMQP
9 11 (0.16%) VPN
10 9 (0.13%) Firewall
10 9 (0.13%) LTE
11 8 (0.12%) DHCP
12 5 (0.073%) Broadband
12 5 (0.073%) DAB
12 5 (0.073%) Extranet
12 5 (0.073%) FTP
13 4 (0.059%) FIX Connectivity
13 4 (0.059%) LAN
13 4 (0.059%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,285 (18.82%) SQL Server
2 766 (11.22%) MySQL
3 540 (7.91%) NoSQL
4 364 (5.33%) MongoDB
5 303 (4.44%) PostgreSQL
6 278 (4.07%) Relational Database
7 198 (2.90%) Blockchain
8 191 (2.80%) Redis
9 109 (1.60%) Big Data
10 99 (1.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 83 (1.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 72 (1.05%) SQL Server 2014
13 71 (1.04%) SQL Server 2012
14 65 (0.95%) RDBMS
15 62 (0.91%) SQL Server 2008
16 60 (0.88%) Azure SQL Database
17 59 (0.86%) Couchbase
18 45 (0.66%) SQL Server 2016
19 44 (0.64%) Apache Cassandra
19 44 (0.64%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,596 (23.37%) Git (software)
2 556 (8.14%) webpack
3 546 (8.00%) gulp
4 423 (6.20%) Grunt
5 399 (5.84%) Visual Studio
6 345 (5.05%) Jenkins
7 342 (5.01%) Selenium
8 299 (4.38%) Subversion
9 294 (4.31%) JIRA
10 251 (3.68%) Mocha
11 232 (3.40%) TeamCity
12 220 (3.22%) Team Foundation Server
13 208 (3.05%) NUnit
14 202 (2.96%) Karma Test Runner
15 195 (2.86%) Jasmine
16 171 (2.50%) Maven
17 130 (1.90%) Babel
17 130 (1.90%) Octopus Deploy
18 126 (1.85%) Protractor
19 115 (1.68%) Rhino Mocks
General
1 1,392 (20.39%) Finance
2 501 (7.34%) Banking
3 452 (6.62%) Marketing
4 403 (5.90%) Retail
5 277 (4.06%) Advertising
6 252 (3.69%) Games
7 141 (2.07%) Telecoms
8 121 (1.77%) Legal
9 102 (1.49%) Investment Banking
10 81 (1.19%) Financial Institution
11 80 (1.17%) Publishing
12 75 (1.10%) Law
13 45 (0.66%) Back Office
14 38 (0.56%) Multimedia
15 31 (0.45%) Front Office
16 30 (0.44%) Music Industry
17 26 (0.38%) Manufacturing
18 24 (0.35%) Electronics
19 20 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
20 17 (0.25%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 5,201 (76.17%) Developer
2 1,339 (19.61%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 997 (14.60%) .NET Developer
4 975 (14.28%) Senior Developer
5 878 (12.86%) JavaScript Developer
6 776 (11.36%) C# Developer
7 583 (8.54%) Full Stack Developer
8 527 (7.72%) C# .NET Developer
9 502 (7.35%) Web Developer
10 495 (7.25%) Angular Developer
11 482 (7.06%) Java Developer
12 442 (6.47%) React Developer
13 425 (6.22%) HTML Developer
14 367 (5.37%) PHP Developer
15 308 (4.51%) ASP.NET Developer
16 307 (4.50%) Software Developer
17 303 (4.44%) HTML CSS Developer
18 297 (4.35%) Software Engineer
19 268 (3.93%) C# ASP.NET Developer
20 266 (3.90%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,205 (90.88%) HTML
2 2,648 (38.78%) AngularJS
3 2,607 (38.18%) HTML5
4 2,128 (31.17%) .NET
5 1,934 (28.32%) CSS3
6 1,799 (26.35%) jQuery
7 1,706 (24.99%) React
8 1,429 (20.93%) ASP.NET
9 1,326 (19.42%) Node.js
10 1,016 (14.88%) Sass
11 869 (12.73%) RESTful
12 828 (12.13%) ASP.NET MVC
13 815 (11.94%) Web Services
14 769 (11.26%) REST
15 663 (9.71%) XML
16 591 (8.66%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 582 (8.52%) Ajax
18 574 (8.41%) Redux
19 491 (7.19%) LESS
20 486 (7.12%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 1,220 (17.87%) User Experience
2 611 (8.95%) Greenfield Project
3 586 (8.58%) Computer Science
4 503 (7.37%) Fintech
5 483 (7.07%) Mobile App
6 308 (4.51%) Analytical Skills
7 216 (3.16%) Self-Motivation
8 171 (2.50%) Enterprise Software
9 86 (1.26%) Hedge funds
10 73 (1.07%) Data Structures
11 68 (1.00%) Algorithms
12 65 (0.95%) W3C
13 60 (0.88%) Linux Command Line
14 58 (0.85%) Graphic Design
15 56 (0.82%) N-Tier
15 56 (0.82%) Social Media
16 55 (0.81%) Cloud Native
17 54 (0.79%) Bitcoin
18 53 (0.78%) Animation
19 49 (0.72%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 555 (8.13%) Linux
2 254 (3.72%) Windows
3 218 (3.19%) Android
4 167 (2.45%) Apple iOS
5 121 (1.77%) Unix
6 42 (0.62%) Windows Server
7 39 (0.57%) VMS
8 27 (0.40%) Debian
9 23 (0.34%) Ubuntu
10 19 (0.28%) CentOS
11 17 (0.25%) Mac OS X
12 16 (0.23%) Nucleus RTOS
13 13 (0.19%) Mac OS
14 11 (0.16%) openSUSE
15 9 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
15 9 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
16 6 (0.088%) Windows 8
16 6 (0.088%) Windows Phone
17 5 (0.073%) CoreOS
17 5 (0.073%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,111 (45.56%) Agile Software Development
2 1,799 (26.35%) Front End Development
3 1,706 (24.99%) MVC
4 1,529 (22.39%) TDD
5 1,498 (21.94%) Web Development
6 1,122 (16.43%) Scrum
7 898 (13.15%) Software Engineering
8 813 (11.91%) OO
9 701 (10.27%) BDD
10 644 (9.43%) Test Automation
11 623 (9.12%) Continuous Integration
12 596 (8.73%) E-Commerce
13 593 (8.68%) DevOps
14 566 (8.29%) Unit Testing
15 564 (8.26%) Problem-Solving
16 514 (7.53%) Microservices
17 443 (6.49%) Responsive Web Design
18 429 (6.28%) Analytics
19 366 (5.36%) Mentoring
20 361 (5.29%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 5,808 (85.06%) JavaScript
2 2,097 (30.71%) C#
3 1,868 (27.36%) SQL
4 1,329 (19.46%) Java
5 990 (14.50%) PHP
6 556 (8.14%) ES6
7 504 (7.38%) Python
8 421 (6.17%) TypeScript
9 303 (4.44%) Ruby
10 241 (3.53%) T-SQL
11 207 (3.03%) Java 8
12 189 (2.77%) Scala
13 154 (2.26%) PowerShell
14 132 (1.93%) VB.NET
15 117 (1.71%) ES7
16 115 (1.68%) C++
17 96 (1.41%) Bash Shell
18 89 (1.30%) Apex Code
19 79 (1.16%) Groovy
20 70 (1.03%) VB
Qualifications
1 985 (14.43%) Degree
2 315 (4.61%) Computer Science Degree
3 67 (0.98%) Microsoft Certification
4 51 (0.75%) MCSD
5 46 (0.67%) SAFe Agilist
6 44 (0.64%) Security Cleared
7 39 (0.57%) MCAD
8 36 (0.53%) Master's Degree
9 30 (0.44%) MCTS
10 27 (0.40%) PhD
11 26 (0.38%) SC Cleared
12 22 (0.32%) MCPD
13 19 (0.28%) DV Cleared
14 13 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
15 8 (0.12%) MCP
15 8 (0.12%) MCSE
16 4 (0.059%) ISEB
16 4 (0.059%) ITIL Certification
16 4 (0.059%) PMI Certification
17 3 (0.044%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 348 (5.10%) QA
2 37 (0.54%) WCAG
3 19 (0.28%) Data Quality
4 11 (0.16%) GCP
4 11 (0.16%) WAI
5 6 (0.088%) GDPR
6 5 (0.073%) MiFID
7 4 (0.059%) PMO
8 3 (0.044%) ISO 9001
8 3 (0.044%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.029%) EMIR
10 1 (0.015%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.015%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.015%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.015%) SLA
System Software
1 351 (5.14%) Docker
2 48 (0.70%) Active Directory
3 35 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (0.10%) HDFS
5 6 (0.088%) Varnish
5 6 (0.088%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.073%) GridGain
6 5 (0.073%) VirtualBox
7 4 (0.059%) Firmware
8 2 (0.029%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.015%) Squid
Systems Management
1 91 (1.33%) Kubernetes
2 67 (0.98%) Ansible
3 55 (0.81%) Puppet
4 51 (0.75%) Terraform
5 45 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
6 32 (0.47%) Docker Swarm
7 20 (0.29%) Salt
8 17 (0.25%) Prometheus
9 15 (0.22%) Nagios
10 14 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
10 14 (0.21%) ZABBIX
11 11 (0.16%) WebInspect
12 9 (0.13%) cPanel
12 9 (0.13%) Kibana
13 8 (0.12%) logstash
14 6 (0.088%) Graphite
15 5 (0.073%) Grafana
15 5 (0.073%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
16 4 (0.059%) HP Quality Center
17 3 (0.044%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 816 (11.95%) Microsoft
2 288 (4.22%) Adobe
3 273 (4.00%) Oracle
4 238 (3.49%) Google
5 155 (2.27%) Salesforce.com
6 149 (2.18%) Sitecore
7 72 (1.05%) Splunk
8 60 (0.88%) hybris
9 57 (0.83%) Marketo
10 50 (0.73%) ServiceNow
11 48 (0.70%) SAP
12 45 (0.66%) AppDynamics
12 45 (0.66%) Zend
13 43 (0.63%) Twitter
14 38 (0.56%) Capita
14 38 (0.56%) IBM
15 37 (0.54%) Facebook
16 31 (0.45%) Xamarin
17 29 (0.42%) Nintex
17 29 (0.42%) Tableau