Period
to 15 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 15 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
15 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 21 19 15
Rank change year-on-year -2 -4 +3
Permanent jobs citing CSS 6,820 7,688 9,309
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 9.83% 10.38% 11.47%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.04% 26.11% 28.31%
Number of salaries quoted 5,840 6,660 8,266
London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £33,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £75,000
England median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 28,375 29,447 32,887
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 40.91% 39.77% 40.53%
Number of salaries quoted 23,189 24,030 28,965
London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £90,000 £85,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £48,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 15 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 1,675 £60,000 +9.09% 341
West London -11 231 £52,500 +5.00% 197
South London -2 185 £44,000 +3.53% 23
East London -6 106 £55,000 +9.73% 86
North London -15 26 £42,500 - 13
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 15 August 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 6,159 (90.31%) HTML
2 5,753 (84.35%) JavaScript
3 3,239 (47.49%) Agile Software Development
4 2,861 (41.95%) AngularJS
5 2,347 (34.41%) HTML5
6 2,157 (31.63%) .NET
7 2,149 (31.51%) C#
8 1,850 (27.13%) CSS3
9 1,840 (26.98%) MVC
10 1,833 (26.88%) SQL
11 1,766 (25.89%) React
12 1,690 (24.78%) Front End Development
13 1,688 (24.75%) jQuery
14 1,561 (22.89%) Git (software)
15 1,532 (22.46%) Finance
16 1,475 (21.63%) ASP.NET
17 1,447 (21.22%) TDD
18 1,412 (20.70%) Web Development
19 1,388 (20.35%) SQL Server
20 1,369 (20.07%) Java
21 1,240 (18.18%) Node.js
22 1,213 (17.79%) User Experience
23 1,039 (15.23%) Sass
24 1,011 (14.82%) Scrum
25 1,010 (14.81%) Degree
26 948 (13.90%) PHP
27 937 (13.74%) ASP.NET MVC
28 903 (13.24%) Amazon AWS
29 900 (13.20%) RESTful
30 895 (13.12%) Software Engineering

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 558 (8.18%) CMS
2 259 (3.80%) Elasticsearch
3 255 (3.74%) SharePoint
4 238 (3.49%) WordPress
5 177 (2.60%) Drupal
6 176 (2.58%) Apache
7 146 (2.14%) EPiServer
8 138 (2.02%) Confluence
9 133 (1.95%) Sitecore CMS
10 127 (1.86%) IIS
11 121 (1.77%) Umbraco
12 112 (1.64%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 104 (1.52%) Tomcat
14 71 (1.04%) Ethereum
15 70 (1.03%) SharePoint 2013
16 53 (0.78%) Kentico
17 45 (0.66%) nginx
18 40 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
19 34 (0.50%) JBoss
19 34 (0.50%) Mule
Applications
1 213 (3.12%) Photoshop
2 122 (1.79%) Adobe Illustrator
3 80 (1.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 74 (1.09%) InVision
5 59 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
6 23 (0.34%) InfoPath
7 20 (0.29%) OmniGraffle
8 19 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
9 15 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 14 (0.21%) Chatbot
10 14 (0.21%) InDesign
11 8 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
11 8 (0.12%) Fireworks
12 6 (0.088%) UXPin
13 5 (0.073%) Camtasia
13 5 (0.073%) MS Visio
14 4 (0.059%) Adobe Premiere
14 4 (0.059%) GIMP
14 4 (0.059%) Microsoft Project
14 4 (0.059%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 101 (1.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 99 (1.45%) Magento
3 43 (0.63%) Eloqua
4 32 (0.47%) Distributed Ledger
5 25 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
6 17 (0.25%) Adobe Campaign
7 11 (0.16%) Shopify
8 8 (0.12%) SDL Web 8
9 6 (0.088%) Dynamics NAV
9 6 (0.088%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 6 (0.088%) SAP Hybris
10 5 (0.073%) Dynamics AX
11 4 (0.059%) WebTrends
12 3 (0.044%) NetSuite
12 3 (0.044%) Oracle Applications
13 2 (0.029%) Actimize
14 1 (0.015%) FastStats
14 1 (0.015%) Odoo
14 1 (0.015%) Oracle BPM
14 1 (0.015%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 903 (13.24%) Amazon AWS
2 865 (12.68%) Microsoft Azure
3 305 (4.47%) npm
4 274 (4.02%) GitHub
5 239 (3.50%) SaaS
6 122 (1.79%) Serverless
7 99 (1.45%) Google Cloud Platform
8 95 (1.39%) PaaS
9 81 (1.19%) Amazon S3
10 73 (1.07%) Google Analytics
11 72 (1.06%) Cloud Computing
12 70 (1.03%) Amazon EC2
13 67 (0.98%) IaaS
14 64 (0.94%) Slack
15 63 (0.92%) AWS Lambda
16 60 (0.88%) Office 365
17 45 (0.66%) Yarn
18 41 (0.60%) Adobe Analytics
19 39 (0.57%) Heroku
20 36 (0.53%) Adobe Creative Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 170 (2.49%) HTTP
2 132 (1.94%) Internet
3 36 (0.53%) DNS
4 33 (0.48%) Intranet
5 22 (0.32%) Firewall
6 20 (0.29%) SSL
7 17 (0.25%) TCP/IP
8 16 (0.23%) SMS
9 9 (0.13%) Extranet
9 9 (0.13%) LTE
10 8 (0.12%) Wireless
11 6 (0.088%) DAB
11 6 (0.088%) SSH
12 4 (0.059%) DSL
12 4 (0.059%) iBeacon
12 4 (0.059%) LAN
13 3 (0.044%) HbbTV
13 3 (0.044%) Software-Defined Networking
13 3 (0.044%) Value-Added Service
13 3 (0.044%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,388 (20.35%) SQL Server
2 704 (10.32%) MySQL
3 543 (7.96%) NoSQL
4 400 (5.87%) MongoDB
5 279 (4.09%) Relational Database
6 249 (3.65%) PostgreSQL
7 224 (3.28%) Blockchain
8 150 (2.20%) Redis
9 134 (1.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 126 (1.85%) Big Data
11 118 (1.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 100 (1.47%) SQL Server 2012
13 93 (1.36%) SQL Server 2008
14 85 (1.25%) SQL Server 2016
15 70 (1.03%) RDBMS
16 60 (0.88%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 49 (0.72%) Couchbase
18 46 (0.67%) Data Warehouse
19 40 (0.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 37 (0.54%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 1,561 (22.89%) Git (software)
2 587 (8.61%) gulp
3 541 (7.93%) webpack
4 442 (6.48%) Grunt
5 431 (6.32%) Jenkins
6 394 (5.78%) Selenium
7 361 (5.29%) Visual Studio
8 344 (5.04%) JIRA
9 307 (4.50%) Team Foundation Server
10 277 (4.06%) Mocha
11 256 (3.75%) Subversion
12 254 (3.72%) TeamCity
13 224 (3.28%) Karma Test Runner
14 215 (3.15%) Jasmine
15 189 (2.77%) Protractor
16 172 (2.52%) Octopus Deploy
17 166 (2.43%) Maven
18 162 (2.38%) NUnit
19 135 (1.98%) JUnit
20 127 (1.86%) Babel
General
1 1,532 (22.46%) Finance
2 499 (7.32%) Banking
3 469 (6.88%) Marketing
4 339 (4.97%) Retail
5 305 (4.47%) Advertising
6 281 (4.12%) Games
7 119 (1.74%) Investment Banking
8 115 (1.69%) Financial Institution
9 113 (1.66%) Legal
10 99 (1.45%) Telecoms
11 83 (1.22%) Publishing
12 66 (0.97%) Law
13 51 (0.75%) Multimedia
14 40 (0.59%) Front Office
15 38 (0.56%) Back Office
16 26 (0.38%) Manufacturing
17 21 (0.31%) Automotive
17 21 (0.31%) Music Industry
18 20 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
19 15 (0.22%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 5,132 (75.25%) Developer
2 1,265 (18.55%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1,064 (15.60%) .NET Developer
4 967 (14.18%) Senior Developer
5 822 (12.05%) JavaScript Developer
6 768 (11.26%) C# Developer
7 563 (8.26%) Full Stack Developer
8 525 (7.70%) Java Developer
9 488 (7.16%) Web Developer
10 465 (6.82%) C# .NET Developer
11 439 (6.44%) Angular Developer
12 419 (6.14%) React Developer
13 366 (5.37%) HTML Developer
14 360 (5.28%) Software Engineer
15 337 (4.94%) PHP Developer
16 311 (4.56%) ASP.NET Developer
17 286 (4.19%) Software Developer
18 272 (3.99%) Architect
19 271 (3.97%) HTML CSS Developer
20 270 (3.96%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,159 (90.31%) HTML
2 2,861 (41.95%) AngularJS
3 2,347 (34.41%) HTML5
4 2,157 (31.63%) .NET
5 1,850 (27.13%) CSS3
6 1,766 (25.89%) React
7 1,688 (24.75%) jQuery
8 1,475 (21.63%) ASP.NET
9 1,240 (18.18%) Node.js
10 1,039 (15.23%) Sass
11 937 (13.74%) ASP.NET MVC
12 900 (13.20%) RESTful
13 820 (12.02%) Web Services
14 769 (11.28%) REST
15 678 (9.94%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 667 (9.78%) ASP.NET Web API
17 584 (8.56%) Redux
18 582 (8.53%) XML
19 546 (8.01%) Spring
20 530 (7.77%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 1,213 (17.79%) User Experience
2 596 (8.74%) Computer Science
3 551 (8.08%) Greenfield Project
4 500 (7.33%) Fintech
5 443 (6.50%) Mobile App
6 323 (4.74%) Analytical Skills
7 243 (3.56%) Self-Motivation
8 153 (2.24%) Enterprise Software
9 115 (1.69%) Hedge funds
10 95 (1.39%) N-Tier
11 72 (1.06%) Virtual Team
12 64 (0.94%) Data Structures
13 60 (0.88%) Tandem
14 57 (0.84%) Algorithms
15 55 (0.81%) Social Media
16 52 (0.76%) W3C
17 50 (0.73%) Cyberthreat
18 49 (0.72%) Bitcoin
19 46 (0.67%) Blog
20 44 (0.65%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 502 (7.36%) Linux
2 248 (3.64%) Windows
3 231 (3.39%) Android
4 179 (2.62%) Apple iOS
5 73 (1.07%) Unix
6 58 (0.85%) Windows Server
7 30 (0.44%) VMS
8 18 (0.26%) Ubuntu
9 17 (0.25%) Mac OS
9 17 (0.25%) Nucleus RTOS
9 17 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
10 14 (0.21%) CentOS
10 14 (0.21%) Mac OS X
11 12 (0.18%) openSUSE
12 10 (0.15%) Debian
13 8 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 7 (0.10%) Windows Phone
15 6 (0.088%) Windows Server 2008
16 4 (0.059%) CoreOS
17 3 (0.044%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,239 (47.49%) Agile Software Development
2 1,840 (26.98%) MVC
3 1,690 (24.78%) Front End Development
4 1,447 (21.22%) TDD
5 1,412 (20.70%) Web Development
6 1,011 (14.82%) Scrum
7 895 (13.12%) Software Engineering
8 810 (11.88%) OO
9 682 (10.00%) Test Automation
10 663 (9.72%) BDD
11 653 (9.57%) Problem-Solving
12 631 (9.25%) Continuous Integration
13 596 (8.74%) DevOps
14 593 (8.70%) Microservices
15 541 (7.93%) Unit Testing
16 517 (7.58%) E-Commerce
17 456 (6.69%) Responsive Web Design
18 442 (6.48%) Web Application Development
19 393 (5.76%) Mentoring
20 387 (5.67%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 5,753 (84.35%) JavaScript
2 2,149 (31.51%) C#
3 1,833 (26.88%) SQL
4 1,369 (20.07%) Java
5 948 (13.90%) PHP
6 596 (8.74%) ES6
7 527 (7.73%) Python
8 445 (6.52%) TypeScript
9 318 (4.66%) T-SQL
10 295 (4.33%) Ruby
11 226 (3.31%) Java 8
12 175 (2.57%) Scala
13 127 (1.86%) C++
13 127 (1.86%) PowerShell
14 91 (1.33%) Groovy
15 90 (1.32%) Bash Shell
16 79 (1.16%) ES7
17 74 (1.09%) C
18 71 (1.04%) PL/SQL
18 71 (1.04%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 1,010 (14.81%) Degree
2 338 (4.96%) Computer Science Degree
3 44 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
4 39 (0.57%) SAFe Agilist
5 38 (0.56%) Security Cleared
6 34 (0.50%) MCSD
7 31 (0.45%) Master's Degree
8 29 (0.43%) PhD
9 24 (0.35%) MCAD
9 24 (0.35%) MCTS
10 21 (0.31%) SC Cleared
11 20 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
12 16 (0.23%) MCPD
13 14 (0.21%) DV Cleared
14 9 (0.13%) MCSE
15 6 (0.088%) ITIL Certification
16 5 (0.073%) PMI Certification
17 4 (0.059%) Cisco Certification
18 3 (0.044%) CCNA
18 3 (0.044%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 329 (4.82%) QA
2 43 (0.63%) WCAG
3 41 (0.60%) GCP
4 22 (0.32%) Data Quality
5 10 (0.15%) GDPR
6 9 (0.13%) WAI
7 4 (0.059%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.059%) SLA
8 3 (0.044%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.029%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.029%) MiFID
9 2 (0.029%) PMO
10 1 (0.015%) Section 508
System Software
1 402 (5.89%) Docker
2 45 (0.66%) Active Directory
3 39 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
4 23 (0.34%) GridGain
5 11 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.059%) Firmware
6 4 (0.059%) HDFS
6 4 (0.059%) Varnish
6 4 (0.059%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.015%) Forefront TMG
7 1 (0.015%) Squid
7 1 (0.015%) Terminal Services
7 1 (0.015%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 117 (1.72%) Kubernetes
2 67 (0.98%) Ansible
3 65 (0.95%) Terraform
4 55 (0.81%) Opscode Chef
5 54 (0.79%) Puppet
6 38 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
7 23 (0.34%) Prometheus
8 22 (0.32%) Salt
9 16 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
10 14 (0.21%) Kibana
11 13 (0.19%) Nagios
11 13 (0.19%) ZABBIX
12 11 (0.16%) logstash
13 10 (0.15%) cPanel
13 10 (0.15%) Graphite
14 5 (0.073%) Grafana
14 5 (0.073%) HP Quality Center
15 4 (0.059%) LiteSpeed
15 4 (0.059%) TeamSite
15 4 (0.059%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 710 (10.41%) Microsoft
2 324 (4.75%) Adobe
3 267 (3.91%) Oracle
4 261 (3.83%) Google
5 176 (2.58%) Sitecore
6 141 (2.07%) Salesforce.com
7 65 (0.95%) Nintex
8 64 (0.94%) Marketo
9 63 (0.92%) Splunk
10 58 (0.85%) Capita
11 55 (0.81%) ServiceNow
12 48 (0.70%) Xamarin
13 45 (0.66%) hybris
13 45 (0.66%) Tableau
14 41 (0.60%) Facebook
15 36 (0.53%) Twitter
16 35 (0.51%) AppDynamics
17 33 (0.48%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
17 33 (0.48%) Zend
18 32 (0.47%) IBM