Period
to 27 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 31 33 30
Rank change year-on-year +2 -3 -7
Permanent jobs citing CSS 4,349 1,444 4,360
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 8.53% 7.25% 8.03%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.11% 15.99% 20.44%
Number of salaries quoted 2,078 1,199 3,855
10th Percentile £40,000 £40,000 £37,500
25th Percentile £48,750 £51,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £63,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.36% +5.83% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £88,750
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,010 9,032 21,334
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 47.11% 45.37% 39.27%
Number of salaries quoted 13,665 7,857 17,962
10th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £41,250
25th Percentile £56,250 £55,000 £51,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £112,500 £112,500 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -15 412 £70,000 +3.70% 233
West London -19 148 £64,500 +12.17% 75
South London -7 76 £60,000 - 14
North London +2 24 £31,500 -32.02% 7
East London -33 4 £55,000 +10.06% 74
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 3,815 (87.72%) HTML
2 3,641 (83.72%) JavaScript
3 2,474 (56.89%) React
4 1,973 (45.37%) Agile Software Development
5 1,433 (32.95%) Node.js
6 1,389 (31.94%) User Experience
7 1,380 (31.73%) AngularJS
8 1,362 (31.32%) TypeScript
9 1,327 (30.51%) Git (software)
10 1,323 (30.42%) HTML5
11 1,302 (29.94%) Front End Development
12 1,153 (26.51%) Full Stack Development
13 1,070 (24.60%) Finance
14 970 (22.30%) Social Skills
15 919 (21.13%) CSS3
16 895 (20.58%) SQL
17 881 (20.26%) Software Engineering
18 879 (20.21%) AWS
19 839 (19.29%) TDD
20 825 (18.97%) C#
21 802 (18.44%) .NET
22 760 (17.48%) Docker
23 757 (17.41%) Sass
24 742 (17.06%) Vue.js
25 739 (16.99%) Java
26 732 (16.83%) REST
27 702 (16.14%) Azure
28 681 (15.66%) Web Development
29 652 (14.99%) DevOps
30 645 (14.83%) Problem-Solving

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 431 (9.91%) CMS
2 228 (5.24%) WordPress
3 160 (3.68%) Elasticsearch
4 137 (3.15%) Confluence
5 94 (2.16%) Apache
6 82 (1.89%) SharePoint
7 62 (1.43%) Drupal
8 52 (1.20%) Headless CMS
9 49 (1.13%) Apache Spark
10 48 (1.10%) nginx
11 47 (1.08%) IIS
11 47 (1.08%) Tomcat
12 43 (0.99%) IBM Domino
13 39 (0.90%) Apache Solr
14 36 (0.83%) Kentico
15 21 (0.48%) Sitecore CMS
16 20 (0.46%) EPiServer
17 18 (0.41%) Umbraco
18 17 (0.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 16 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 120 (2.76%) Sketch
2 113 (2.60%) Figma
3 88 (2.02%) Photoshop
4 61 (1.40%) InVision
5 58 (1.33%) Adobe XD
6 56 (1.29%) Adobe Illustrator
7 52 (1.20%) Microsoft Office
8 33 (0.76%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 23 (0.53%) Chatbot
9 23 (0.53%) Zeplin
10 20 (0.46%) GIMP
11 19 (0.44%) Microsoft Excel
12 16 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
13 14 (0.32%) InDesign
14 9 (0.21%) Adobe After Effects
15 6 (0.14%) Adobe Premiere
15 6 (0.14%) Marvel
15 6 (0.14%) UXPin
16 5 (0.11%) Acrobat
16 5 (0.11%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 76 (1.75%) Shopify
2 67 (1.54%) Magento
3 35 (0.80%) Dynamics CRM
4 28 (0.64%) Payment Gateway
5 13 (0.30%) WebTrends
6 12 (0.28%) Summit
7 6 (0.14%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 5 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
9 3 (0.069%) NetSuite
9 3 (0.069%) SessionCam
10 2 (0.046%) Adobe Campaign
10 2 (0.046%) Dynamics AX
10 2 (0.046%) Elite 3E
10 2 (0.046%) Sage 300 ERP
10 2 (0.046%) Sage CRM
10 2 (0.046%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.046%) SAP S/4HANA
10 2 (0.046%) SDL Web 8
10 2 (0.046%) Sentinel
10 2 (0.046%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 879 (20.21%) AWS
2 702 (16.14%) Azure
3 374 (8.60%) SaaS
4 350 (8.05%) Serverless
5 327 (7.52%) GitHub
6 291 (6.69%) npm
7 282 (6.48%) GCP
8 209 (4.81%) AWS Lambda
9 115 (2.64%) Amazon S3
10 93 (2.14%) Amazon EC2
11 90 (2.07%) PaaS
12 88 (2.02%) AWS CloudFormation
13 64 (1.47%) Power Platform
14 63 (1.45%) Yarn
15 55 (1.26%) Azure Functions
15 55 (1.26%) OpenShift
16 51 (1.17%) Heroku
17 48 (1.10%) Amazon SQS
18 43 (0.99%) Amazon Cognito
19 42 (0.97%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 189 (4.35%) HTTP
2 97 (2.23%) Internet
3 43 (0.99%) DNS
4 31 (0.71%) Broadband
5 17 (0.39%) SMS
6 15 (0.34%) SSL
7 13 (0.30%) Extranet
8 12 (0.28%) Intranet
9 11 (0.25%) Firewall
10 9 (0.21%) TCP/IP
11 5 (0.11%) Network Security
12 4 (0.092%) DAB
12 4 (0.092%) RIP
12 4 (0.092%) VoIP
12 4 (0.092%) Wireshark
13 3 (0.069%) AMQP
13 3 (0.069%) SSH
14 2 (0.046%) Cisco PIX
14 2 (0.046%) Reverse Proxy
14 2 (0.046%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 499 (11.47%) SQL Server
2 473 (10.88%) MySQL
3 393 (9.04%) PostgreSQL
4 339 (7.79%) NoSQL
5 257 (5.91%) MongoDB
6 218 (5.01%) Redis
7 211 (4.85%) Relational Database
8 79 (1.82%) Big Data
9 71 (1.63%) Amazon RDS
10 52 (1.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 47 (1.08%) Azure SQL Database
12 45 (1.03%) Blockchain
13 44 (1.01%) Power BI
14 43 (0.99%) Amazon Aurora
15 33 (0.76%) Oracle Database
16 32 (0.74%) Apache Cassandra
17 27 (0.62%) SQL Server 2019
18 26 (0.60%) Metadata
19 23 (0.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 21 (0.48%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 1,327 (30.51%) Git (software)
2 613 (14.10%) webpack
3 334 (7.68%) JIRA
4 312 (7.17%) Jenkins
5 222 (5.10%) Cypress.io
6 219 (5.04%) gulp
7 159 (3.66%) Jasmine
8 143 (3.29%) Selenium
9 142 (3.27%) Bitbucket
10 132 (3.04%) Mocha
11 128 (2.94%) Visual Studio
12 114 (2.62%) GitLab
13 101 (2.32%) Babel
14 99 (2.28%) Grunt
15 96 (2.21%) Storybook
16 86 (1.98%) PostCSS
17 73 (1.68%) Maven
18 69 (1.59%) Gradle
19 68 (1.56%) NUnit
20 63 (1.45%) TeamCity
General
1 1,070 (24.60%) Finance
2 970 (22.30%) Social Skills
3 453 (10.42%) Marketing
4 267 (6.14%) Retail
5 252 (5.79%) Analytical Skills
6 178 (4.09%) Banking
7 159 (3.66%) Games
8 101 (2.32%) Publishing
9 87 (2.00%) Advertising
10 80 (1.84%) Public Sector
11 77 (1.77%) Manufacturing
12 72 (1.66%) Legal
13 65 (1.49%) Telecoms
14 59 (1.36%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 56 (1.29%) Pharmaceutical
16 52 (1.20%) Financial Institution
17 50 (1.15%) Organisational Skills
18 42 (0.97%) Back Office
19 37 (0.85%) Automotive
20 36 (0.83%) Law
Job Titles
1 2,755 (63.35%) Developer
2 927 (21.32%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 693 (15.93%) Senior Developer
4 436 (10.03%) Full Stack Developer
5 406 (9.34%) Software Engineer
6 333 (7.66%) React Developer
7 260 (5.98%) .NET Developer
8 247 (5.68%) JavaScript Developer
9 230 (5.29%) Senior Front-End Developer
10 214 (4.92%) Web Developer
11 196 (4.51%) Angular Developer
12 179 (4.12%) PHP Developer
13 152 (3.50%) Software Developer
14 127 (2.92%) C# Developer
15 125 (2.87%) Senior Software Engineer
16 122 (2.81%) Java Developer
17 119 (2.74%) Lead Developer
18 114 (2.62%) UI Developer
19 103 (2.37%) Senior Full Stack Developer
20 98 (2.25%) Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,815 (87.72%) HTML
2 2,474 (56.89%) React
3 1,433 (32.95%) Node.js
4 1,380 (31.73%) AngularJS
5 1,323 (30.42%) HTML5
6 919 (21.13%) CSS3
7 802 (18.44%) .NET
8 757 (17.41%) Sass
9 742 (17.06%) Vue.js
10 732 (16.83%) REST
11 600 (13.80%) Redux
12 561 (12.90%) RESTful
13 514 (11.82%) jQuery
14 447 (10.28%) Jest
15 444 (10.21%) Web Services
16 432 (9.93%) GraphQL
17 358 (8.23%) .NET Core
18 327 (7.52%) JSON
19 312 (7.17%) Spring
20 304 (6.99%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 1,389 (31.94%) User Experience
2 328 (7.54%) Mobile App
3 227 (5.22%) Greenfield Project
4 168 (3.86%) Self-Motivation
5 141 (3.24%) Virtual Team
6 132 (3.04%) Enterprise Software
7 93 (2.14%) Data Structures
8 85 (1.95%) Blog
9 79 (1.82%) Algorithms
10 68 (1.56%) Legacy Code
11 66 (1.52%) Social Media
12 62 (1.43%) Social Network
13 61 (1.40%) Legacy Systems
13 61 (1.40%) W3C
14 58 (1.33%) Cloud Native
15 53 (1.22%) Client/Server
16 50 (1.15%) Management Information System
17 46 (1.06%) Hedge funds
18 43 (0.99%) Video\Live Streaming
19 42 (0.97%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 258 (5.93%) Linux
2 157 (3.61%) Windows
3 138 (3.17%) Apple iOS
4 136 (3.13%) Android
5 43 (0.99%) Unix
6 21 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (0.16%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.11%) Ubuntu
8 5 (0.11%) VMS
9 4 (0.092%) Tizen
9 4 (0.092%) webOS
9 4 (0.092%) Windows Server 2019
10 3 (0.069%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.069%) tvOS
10 3 (0.069%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.069%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.046%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.046%) Windows 7
11 2 (0.046%) Windows Server 2003
11 2 (0.046%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,973 (45.37%) Agile Software Development
2 1,302 (29.94%) Front End Development
3 1,153 (26.51%) Full Stack Development
4 881 (20.26%) Software Engineering
5 839 (19.29%) TDD
6 681 (15.66%) Web Development
7 652 (14.99%) DevOps
8 645 (14.83%) Problem-Solving
9 590 (13.57%) Test Automation
10 577 (13.27%) Continuous Integration
11 565 (12.99%) Microservices
12 508 (11.68%) Scrum
13 452 (10.39%) Computer Science
14 401 (9.22%) Mentoring
14 401 (9.22%) MVC
15 396 (9.11%) Unit Testing
16 395 (9.08%) OO
17 384 (8.83%) E-Commerce
18 367 (8.44%) Analytics
19 329 (7.56%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 3,641 (83.72%) JavaScript
2 1,362 (31.32%) TypeScript
3 895 (20.58%) SQL
4 825 (18.97%) C#
5 739 (16.99%) Java
6 600 (13.80%) PHP
7 548 (12.60%) Python
8 545 (12.53%) ES6
9 158 (3.63%) T-SQL
10 150 (3.45%) Ruby
11 111 (2.55%) Go
12 107 (2.46%) Kotlin
13 94 (2.16%) ES7
14 91 (2.09%) Java 8
15 90 (2.07%) Elm
16 88 (2.02%) PowerShell
17 58 (1.33%) Scala
18 57 (1.31%) C++
19 52 (1.20%) R
20 50 (1.15%) C
Qualifications
1 408 (9.38%) Degree
2 194 (4.46%) Computer Science Degree
3 28 (0.64%) PhD
4 22 (0.51%) Master's Degree
4 22 (0.51%) Security Cleared
5 19 (0.44%) SC Cleared
6 17 (0.39%) Numerate Degree
7 16 (0.37%) SANS
8 10 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
9 9 (0.21%) AWS Certification
10 8 (0.18%) DBS Check
10 8 (0.18%) MCSA
11 6 (0.14%) SAFe Agilist
12 5 (0.11%) DV Cleared
12 5 (0.11%) PRINCE2 Certification
13 4 (0.092%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 3 (0.069%) ITIL Certification
15 1 (0.023%) ISEB
15 1 (0.023%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 481 (11.06%) Accessibility
2 300 (6.90%) QA
3 69 (1.59%) WCAG
4 19 (0.44%) GDPR
5 16 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 13 (0.30%) WAI
7 11 (0.25%) Data Quality
8 9 (0.21%) IEC 62304
8 9 (0.21%) ISO 13485
9 5 (0.11%) SLA
10 4 (0.092%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.023%) DICOM
11 1 (0.023%) HL7
System Software
1 760 (17.48%) Docker
2 15 (0.34%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 9 (0.21%) Varnish
5 5 (0.11%) Ceph
6 4 (0.092%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.069%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.023%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 453 (10.42%) Kubernetes
2 172 (3.95%) Terraform
3 60 (1.38%) Ansible
4 44 (1.01%) Grafana
5 36 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (0.71%) Graphite
7 30 (0.69%) Graylog
7 30 (0.69%) Opsgenie
8 24 (0.55%) Hadoop YARN
9 14 (0.32%) Rancher
10 13 (0.30%) Bugsnag
11 8 (0.18%) Argo
12 5 (0.11%) Business Desktop Deployment
12 5 (0.11%) Docker Swarm
12 5 (0.11%) Galera Cluster
13 4 (0.092%) Puppet
13 4 (0.092%) Single Sign-On
14 3 (0.069%) Istio
15 2 (0.046%) Consul
15 2 (0.046%) logstash
Vendors
1 315 (7.24%) Microsoft
2 310 (7.13%) Google
3 191 (4.39%) Adobe
4 159 (3.66%) Oracle
5 125 (2.87%) Salesforce.com
6 61 (1.40%) Apple
7 37 (0.85%) Atlassian
8 35 (0.80%) SAP
8 35 (0.80%) Sitecore
8 35 (0.80%) Splunk
9 34 (0.78%) Netlify
10 32 (0.74%) Sony
11 31 (0.71%) Samsung
12 26 (0.60%) LexisNexis
13 22 (0.51%) IBM
13 22 (0.51%) WooCommerce
14 21 (0.48%) BT
14 21 (0.48%) Red Hat
14 21 (0.48%) Zend
15 19 (0.44%) OutSystems