Period
to 15 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 15 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
15 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 32 26 21
Rank change year-on-year -6 -5 -2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 1,880 4,603 6,820
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 7.32% 8.20% 9.83%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.91% 20.97% 24.33%
Number of salaries quoted 1,689 4,176 6,093
Median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £40,000 £37,500 £33,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,625 £85,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 11,119 21,948 28,035
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 43.27% 39.08% 40.42%
Number of salaries quoted 9,195 18,378 22,945
Median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.70% +8.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £45,000 £40,000 £37,500
90th Percentile £108,750 £100,000 £93,750
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% +4.17%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 15 August 2020.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 15 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 470 £67,500 +5.47% 79
West London -17 71 £65,000 +30.00% 28
East London +12 32 £49,971 -4.82% 21
South London -17 32 £52,500 +10.53% 5
North London -3 6 £50,000 +8.11% 3
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 15 August 2020, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,725 (91.76%) HTML
2 1,528 (81.28%) JavaScript
3 889 (47.29%) Agile Software Development
4 665 (35.37%) AngularJS
5 589 (31.33%) React
6 583 (31.01%) HTML5
7 555 (29.52%) .NET
8 523 (27.82%) C#
9 441 (23.46%) Git (software)
10 431 (22.93%) Finance
11 429 (22.82%) Front End Development
12 422 (22.45%) TDD
13 416 (22.13%) CSS3
14 397 (21.12%) SQL
15 357 (18.99%) User Experience
16 341 (18.14%) Sass
17 337 (17.93%) Azure
18 332 (17.66%) Node.js
19 330 (17.55%) jQuery
20 324 (17.23%) Web Development
21 321 (17.07%) SQL Server
22 316 (16.81%) TypeScript
23 282 (15.00%) DevOps
24 279 (14.84%) REST
25 277 (14.73%) MVC
26 273 (14.52%) AWS
27 272 (14.47%) PHP
27 272 (14.47%) ASP.NET
28 268 (14.26%) Scrum
29 253 (13.46%) Redux

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 133 (7.07%) CMS
2 78 (4.15%) Confluence
3 51 (2.71%) Elasticsearch
4 50 (2.66%) WordPress
5 32 (1.70%) IIS
5 32 (1.70%) SharePoint
6 26 (1.38%) EPiServer
7 25 (1.33%) Moodle
8 21 (1.12%) Apache
9 19 (1.01%) Drupal
10 16 (0.85%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 16 (0.85%) nginx
11 14 (0.74%) Umbraco
12 10 (0.53%) Headless CMS
13 8 (0.43%) Apache Spark
13 8 (0.43%) Kentico
13 8 (0.43%) Sitecore CMS
14 7 (0.37%) ArcGIS
14 7 (0.37%) Oracle Spatial
15 6 (0.32%) Tomcat
Applications
1 56 (2.98%) Sketch
2 44 (2.34%) Photoshop
3 34 (1.81%) Adobe Illustrator
3 34 (1.81%) InVision
4 24 (1.28%) Figma
5 21 (1.12%) Zeplin
6 16 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
7 7 (0.37%) Adobe XD
8 5 (0.27%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 4 (0.21%) Chatbot
9 4 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
9 4 (0.21%) MS Visio
10 3 (0.16%) InDesign
10 3 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 1 (0.053%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.053%) Inkscape
11 1 (0.053%) Marvel
11 1 (0.053%) Mingle
11 1 (0.053%) OmniGraffle
11 1 (0.053%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 33 (1.76%) Magento
2 30 (1.60%) Dynamics CRM
3 26 (1.38%) Shopify
4 12 (0.64%) Payment Gateway
5 8 (0.43%) Adobe Campaign
6 6 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
7 3 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.11%) OpenText MBPM
8 2 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.11%) Oracle CRM On Demand
8 2 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
8 2 (0.11%) StreamServe
8 2 (0.11%) Unit4 Business World
9 1 (0.053%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.053%) Eloqua
9 1 (0.053%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 1 (0.053%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 337 (17.93%) Azure
2 273 (14.52%) AWS
3 124 (6.60%) SaaS
4 87 (4.63%) Serverless
5 73 (3.88%) GitHub
6 66 (3.51%) GCP
7 64 (3.40%) npm
8 57 (3.03%) AWS Lambda
9 31 (1.65%) Azure Functions
9 31 (1.65%) Power Platform
10 30 (1.60%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
11 28 (1.49%) Amazon S3
11 28 (1.49%) PaaS
12 27 (1.44%) Amazon EC2
13 26 (1.38%) Google Analytics
14 22 (1.17%) Dynamics 365
15 21 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
16 19 (1.01%) Firebase
17 17 (0.90%) Azure Active Directory
18 16 (0.85%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 42 (2.23%) HTTP
2 41 (2.18%) Internet
3 11 (0.59%) SSL
3 11 (0.59%) VPN
4 9 (0.48%) Firewall
4 9 (0.48%) Intranet
5 5 (0.27%) DNS
6 4 (0.21%) SMS
7 2 (0.11%) Skype
7 2 (0.11%) SSH
7 2 (0.11%) VoIP
8 1 (0.053%) FTP
8 1 (0.053%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 321 (17.07%) SQL Server
2 171 (9.10%) MySQL
3 122 (6.49%) NoSQL
4 106 (5.64%) PostgreSQL
5 103 (5.48%) MongoDB
6 73 (3.88%) Relational Database
7 60 (3.19%) Redis
8 43 (2.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 37 (1.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 35 (1.86%) Big Data
11 26 (1.38%) SQL Server 2008
12 24 (1.28%) Amazon RDS
13 19 (1.01%) SQL Server 2012
14 18 (0.96%) MariaDB
14 18 (0.96%) Power BI
15 17 (0.90%) RDBMS
16 16 (0.85%) SQL Server 2016
16 16 (0.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 15 (0.80%) Cosmos DB
18 12 (0.64%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 441 (23.46%) Git (software)
2 140 (7.45%) webpack
3 127 (6.76%) JIRA
4 93 (4.95%) Jenkins
5 67 (3.56%) Visual Studio
6 60 (3.19%) gulp
7 59 (3.14%) Jasmine
8 54 (2.87%) Grunt
9 52 (2.77%) TeamCity
10 51 (2.71%) Cypress.io
11 49 (2.61%) Selenium
12 41 (2.18%) Octopus Deploy
13 40 (2.13%) Mocha
14 33 (1.76%) Bitbucket
15 31 (1.65%) NUnit
16 30 (1.60%) Protractor
17 26 (1.38%) Karma Test Runner
17 26 (1.38%) Subversion
18 23 (1.22%) Team Foundation Server
19 21 (1.12%) JUnit
General
1 431 (22.93%) Finance
2 164 (8.72%) Marketing
3 84 (4.47%) Retail
4 67 (3.56%) Banking
5 47 (2.50%) Law
6 39 (2.07%) Games
7 35 (1.86%) Front Office
8 34 (1.81%) Financial Institution
8 34 (1.81%) Publishing
9 32 (1.70%) Public Sector
10 29 (1.54%) Legal
11 24 (1.28%) Advertising
12 22 (1.17%) Back Office
13 18 (0.96%) Investment Banking
14 11 (0.59%) Private Banking
15 10 (0.53%) Telecoms
16 9 (0.48%) Manufacturing
17 7 (0.37%) Local Government
17 7 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
17 7 (0.37%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,361 (72.39%) Developer
2 348 (18.51%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 273 (14.52%) Senior Developer
4 271 (14.41%) Full Stack Developer
5 234 (12.45%) React Developer
6 231 (12.29%) .NET Developer
7 187 (9.95%) JavaScript Developer
8 150 (7.98%) C# Developer
9 113 (6.01%) PHP Developer
10 109 (5.80%) Software Engineer
11 99 (5.27%) C# .NET Developer
12 95 (5.05%) Angular Developer
13 92 (4.89%) Senior Front-End Developer
14 90 (4.79%) Web Developer
15 69 (3.67%) Java Developer
16 67 (3.56%) Junior
17 65 (3.46%) Senior React Developer
18 62 (3.30%) Lead Developer
19 61 (3.24%) Designer
20 54 (2.87%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,725 (91.76%) HTML
2 665 (35.37%) AngularJS
3 589 (31.33%) React
4 583 (31.01%) HTML5
5 555 (29.52%) .NET
6 416 (22.13%) CSS3
7 341 (18.14%) Sass
8 332 (17.66%) Node.js
9 330 (17.55%) jQuery
10 279 (14.84%) REST
11 272 (14.47%) ASP.NET
12 253 (13.46%) Redux
13 220 (11.70%) Web Services
14 205 (10.90%) Vue.js
15 201 (10.69%) RESTful
16 179 (9.52%) .NET Core
17 172 (9.15%) ASP.NET Web API
18 162 (8.62%) LESS
19 148 (7.87%) JSON
20 146 (7.77%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 357 (18.99%) User Experience
2 138 (7.34%) Greenfield Project
3 128 (6.81%) Analytical Skills
4 87 (4.63%) Mobile App
5 70 (3.72%) Self-Motivation
6 65 (3.46%) Hedge funds
7 48 (2.55%) Enterprise Software
8 32 (1.70%) e-Learning
9 29 (1.54%) Marketing Technology
10 24 (1.28%) Data Structures
11 20 (1.06%) Media Streaming
12 17 (0.90%) Client/Server
12 17 (0.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 15 (0.80%) Blog
13 15 (0.80%) Linux Command Line
13 15 (0.80%) Social Media
14 14 (0.74%) Video on Demand
14 14 (0.74%) Video\Live Streaming
15 13 (0.69%) Algorithms
15 13 (0.69%) SCORM
Operating Systems
1 133 (7.07%) Linux
2 61 (3.24%) Windows
3 47 (2.50%) Unix
4 36 (1.91%) Apple iOS
5 31 (1.65%) Android
6 7 (0.37%) Mac OS X
7 5 (0.27%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.16%) CentOS
8 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
8 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.11%) Fedora
10 1 (0.053%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.053%) tvOS
10 1 (0.053%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.053%) VMS
10 1 (0.053%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 889 (47.29%) Agile Software Development
2 429 (22.82%) Front End Development
3 422 (22.45%) TDD
4 324 (17.23%) Web Development
5 282 (15.00%) DevOps
6 277 (14.73%) MVC
7 268 (14.26%) Scrum
8 248 (13.19%) Software Engineering
9 220 (11.70%) OO
10 209 (11.12%) Microservices
11 201 (10.69%) Computer Science
12 191 (10.16%) Fintech
13 183 (9.73%) Continuous Integration
14 175 (9.31%) Problem-Solving
15 158 (8.40%) E-Commerce
16 149 (7.93%) Test Automation
17 136 (7.23%) BDD
18 134 (7.13%) Analytics
19 129 (6.86%) Unit Testing
20 109 (5.80%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 1,528 (81.28%) JavaScript
2 523 (27.82%) C#
3 397 (21.12%) SQL
4 316 (16.81%) TypeScript
5 272 (14.47%) PHP
6 241 (12.82%) Java
7 178 (9.47%) Python
8 177 (9.41%) ES6
9 82 (4.36%) T-SQL
10 72 (3.83%) Ruby
11 32 (1.70%) PowerShell
12 31 (1.65%) Apex Code
13 29 (1.54%) ES7
14 21 (1.12%) C
14 21 (1.12%) Kotlin
15 20 (1.06%) Scala
16 19 (1.01%) C++
17 18 (0.96%) Java 8
17 18 (0.96%) PL/SQL
17 18 (0.96%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 233 (12.39%) Degree
2 128 (6.81%) Computer Science Degree
3 28 (1.49%) Security Cleared
4 19 (1.01%) SC Cleared
5 6 (0.32%) Master's Degree
6 5 (0.27%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.21%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.11%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.11%) HND
8 2 (0.11%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 2 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.053%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 109 (5.80%) QA
2 15 (0.80%) GDPR
3 6 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.16%) MiFID
5 2 (0.11%) EMIR
6 1 (0.053%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 194 (10.32%) Docker
2 19 (1.01%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.16%) LXC
3 3 (0.16%) vSphere
4 2 (0.11%) Varnish
5 1 (0.053%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.053%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 115 (6.12%) Kubernetes
2 24 (1.28%) Terraform
3 18 (0.96%) Ansible
4 11 (0.59%) Kibana
5 9 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
6 5 (0.27%) CA Single Sign-On
6 5 (0.27%) Puppet
7 4 (0.21%) logstash
7 4 (0.21%) Packer
8 3 (0.16%) HP UCMDB
9 2 (0.11%) Grafana
9 2 (0.11%) Nagios
9 2 (0.11%) Rancher
9 2 (0.11%) TeamSite
9 2 (0.11%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.053%) Graylog
10 1 (0.053%) Microsoft Clustering
10 1 (0.053%) MIIS
10 1 (0.053%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 193 (10.27%) Microsoft
2 79 (4.20%) Google
3 70 (3.72%) Oracle
3 70 (3.72%) Salesforce.com
4 68 (3.62%) Adobe
5 42 (2.23%) ServiceNow
6 18 (0.96%) Pardot
6 18 (0.96%) Zend
7 17 (0.90%) TIBCO
8 14 (0.74%) Atlassian
8 14 (0.74%) Tealium
9 12 (0.64%) Twitter
10 11 (0.59%) hybris
10 11 (0.59%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
11 10 (0.53%) SAP
11 10 (0.53%) Sitecore
12 9 (0.48%) Tableau
13 8 (0.43%) Apple
13 8 (0.43%) MuleSoft
14 7 (0.37%) ESRI