Period
to 30 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 30 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
30 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 32 25 20
Rank change year-on-year -7 -5 -3
Permanent jobs citing CSS 2,847 4,885 6,835
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 7.61% 8.43% 9.83%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.37% 21.28% 24.62%
Number of salaries quoted 2,566 4,262 6,155
Median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% +4.76%
10th Percentile £40,000 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £93,750 £90,000 £82,500
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 15,495 22,953 27,758
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 41.41% 39.62% 39.92%
Number of salaries quoted 12,747 19,066 22,786
Median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £37,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £95,000 £92,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £53,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +3.77% +6.00% +5.26%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 30 May 2020.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 30 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 735 £70,000 +7.69% 75
West London -23 92 £62,500 +19.05% 21
South London -12 63 £52,500 +13.51% 5
East London +6 31 £46,250 -15.91% 16
North London -12 10 £55,000 +22.22% 3
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 30 May 2020, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 2,596 (91.18%) HTML
2 2,348 (82.47%) JavaScript
3 1,356 (47.63%) Agile Software Development
4 1,053 (36.99%) AngularJS
5 1,042 (36.60%) React
6 928 (32.60%) HTML5
7 790 (27.75%) .NET
8 758 (26.62%) C#
9 727 (25.54%) Front End Development
10 718 (25.22%) Finance
11 665 (23.36%) CSS3
12 664 (23.32%) Git (software)
13 643 (22.59%) User Experience
14 624 (21.92%) TDD
15 586 (20.58%) SQL
16 526 (18.48%) Sass
17 525 (18.44%) Node.js
18 496 (17.42%) jQuery
19 473 (16.61%) Java
20 472 (16.58%) AWS
21 471 (16.54%) SQL Server
22 463 (16.26%) MVC
23 462 (16.23%) Azure
24 457 (16.05%) TypeScript
25 436 (15.31%) Web Development
25 436 (15.31%) REST
26 422 (14.82%) DevOps
27 393 (13.80%) ASP.NET
28 376 (13.21%) Software Engineering
29 366 (12.86%) Redux

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 169 (5.94%) CMS
2 82 (2.88%) Confluence
3 77 (2.70%) WordPress
4 70 (2.46%) SharePoint
5 53 (1.86%) Elasticsearch
6 38 (1.33%) Drupal
7 35 (1.23%) Apache
7 35 (1.23%) IIS
8 34 (1.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 30 (1.05%) ArcGIS
9 30 (1.05%) Oracle Spatial
10 26 (0.91%) Umbraco
11 22 (0.77%) nginx
12 21 (0.74%) Tomcat
13 19 (0.67%) Sitecore CMS
14 16 (0.56%) EPiServer
15 14 (0.49%) MQSeries
16 12 (0.42%) Apache Spark
17 11 (0.39%) GeoServer
17 11 (0.39%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 84 (2.95%) Sketch
2 78 (2.74%) Photoshop
3 56 (1.97%) Adobe Illustrator
4 52 (1.83%) InVision
5 27 (0.95%) Zeplin
6 23 (0.81%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 23 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
7 22 (0.77%) Adobe XD
8 17 (0.60%) Figma
9 14 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
10 13 (0.46%) InDesign
11 11 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 8 (0.28%) Chatbot
13 7 (0.25%) Adobe After Effects
14 6 (0.21%) UXPin
15 4 (0.14%) Acrobat
15 4 (0.14%) Adobe Premiere
16 3 (0.11%) InfoPath
16 3 (0.11%) MS Visio
17 2 (0.070%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 37 (1.30%) Magento
2 28 (0.98%) Dynamics CRM
3 20 (0.70%) Shopify
4 12 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
5 10 (0.35%) Dynamics AX
5 10 (0.35%) SAP Hybris
6 8 (0.28%) Adobe Campaign
7 6 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
8 4 (0.14%) OpenText MBPM
8 4 (0.14%) StreamServe
9 3 (0.11%) Oracle CRM On Demand
9 3 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
10 2 (0.070%) Distributed Ledger
10 2 (0.070%) Dynamics NAV
10 2 (0.070%) Eloqua
10 2 (0.070%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.070%) Unit4 Business World
11 1 (0.035%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 472 (16.58%) AWS
2 462 (16.23%) Azure
3 173 (6.08%) SaaS
4 125 (4.39%) Serverless
5 109 (3.83%) npm
6 102 (3.58%) GCP
7 90 (3.16%) GitHub
8 82 (2.88%) AWS Lambda
9 50 (1.76%) Power Platform
10 47 (1.65%) PaaS
11 45 (1.58%) Amazon SQS
12 42 (1.48%) Google Analytics
13 41 (1.44%) Azure Functions
14 38 (1.33%) Office 365
15 31 (1.09%) Cloud Computing
16 29 (1.02%) Amazon S3
17 27 (0.95%) Amazon ECS
17 27 (0.95%) Dynamics 365
18 26 (0.91%) AWS CloudFormation
18 26 (0.91%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 55 (1.93%) Internet
2 54 (1.90%) HTTP
3 23 (0.81%) DNS
4 22 (0.77%) SSL
4 22 (0.77%) VPN
5 13 (0.46%) Intranet
6 6 (0.21%) VoIP
7 5 (0.18%) Firewall
8 1 (0.035%) AMQP
8 1 (0.035%) FTP
8 1 (0.035%) Skype
8 1 (0.035%) SSH
8 1 (0.035%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 471 (16.54%) SQL Server
2 222 (7.80%) MySQL
3 204 (7.17%) NoSQL
4 186 (6.53%) PostgreSQL
5 102 (3.58%) Relational Database
6 100 (3.51%) MongoDB
7 66 (2.32%) Redis
8 60 (2.11%) Big Data
9 52 (1.83%) Amazon RDS
10 44 (1.55%) SQL Server 2008
11 40 (1.40%) SQL Server 2012
12 38 (1.33%) Power BI
13 37 (1.30%) SQL Server 2016
14 36 (1.26%) Cosmos DB
14 36 (1.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 30 (1.05%) GIS
16 27 (0.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 25 (0.88%) RDBMS
18 22 (0.77%) Azure SQL Database
19 21 (0.74%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 664 (23.32%) Git (software)
2 215 (7.55%) webpack
3 172 (6.04%) Jenkins
4 154 (5.41%) JIRA
5 130 (4.57%) Jasmine
6 126 (4.43%) gulp
7 97 (3.41%) Selenium
8 92 (3.23%) Visual Studio
9 86 (3.02%) Grunt
10 72 (2.53%) NUnit
11 67 (2.35%) Bitbucket
11 67 (2.35%) Karma Test Runner
12 64 (2.25%) Mocha
12 64 (2.25%) TeamCity
13 61 (2.14%) Cypress.io
14 55 (1.93%) Maven
15 54 (1.90%) Protractor
16 53 (1.86%) Octopus Deploy
17 51 (1.79%) Babel
18 45 (1.58%) JUnit
General
1 718 (25.22%) Finance
2 240 (8.43%) Marketing
3 144 (5.06%) Retail
4 138 (4.85%) Banking
5 82 (2.88%) Games
6 56 (1.97%) Front Office
7 48 (1.69%) Financial Institution
8 41 (1.44%) Back Office
8 41 (1.44%) Investment Banking
9 35 (1.23%) Law
10 34 (1.19%) Advertising
10 34 (1.19%) Legal
11 30 (1.05%) Public Sector
12 29 (1.02%) Publishing
13 19 (0.67%) Multimedia
14 12 (0.42%) Music Industry
15 9 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
16 8 (0.28%) Manufacturing
16 8 (0.28%) Telecoms
17 7 (0.25%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,073 (72.81%) Developer
2 585 (20.55%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 455 (15.98%) Senior Developer
4 381 (13.38%) Full Stack Developer
5 371 (13.03%) React Developer
6 339 (11.91%) .NET Developer
7 272 (9.55%) JavaScript Developer
8 249 (8.75%) C# Developer
9 197 (6.92%) Senior Front-End Developer
10 173 (6.08%) Angular Developer
10 173 (6.08%) Java Developer
11 160 (5.62%) C# .NET Developer
12 156 (5.48%) Software Engineer
13 129 (4.53%) Web Developer
14 116 (4.07%) PHP Developer
15 113 (3.97%) Designer
16 101 (3.55%) Software Developer
17 100 (3.51%) Lead Developer
18 91 (3.20%) Senior React Developer
19 84 (2.95%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,596 (91.18%) HTML
2 1,053 (36.99%) AngularJS
3 1,042 (36.60%) React
4 928 (32.60%) HTML5
5 790 (27.75%) .NET
6 665 (23.36%) CSS3
7 526 (18.48%) Sass
8 525 (18.44%) Node.js
9 496 (17.42%) jQuery
10 436 (15.31%) REST
11 393 (13.80%) ASP.NET
12 366 (12.86%) Redux
13 324 (11.38%) Web Services
14 304 (10.68%) RESTful
15 286 (10.05%) Vue.js
16 243 (8.54%) .NET Core
17 232 (8.15%) ASP.NET Web API
18 220 (7.73%) .NET Framework
18 220 (7.73%) XML
19 211 (7.41%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 643 (22.59%) User Experience
2 200 (7.02%) Analytical Skills
3 175 (6.15%) Greenfield Project
4 153 (5.37%) Mobile App
5 89 (3.13%) Self-Motivation
6 75 (2.63%) Hedge funds
7 66 (2.32%) Enterprise Software
8 41 (1.44%) Client/Server
9 38 (1.33%) Cloud Native
9 38 (1.33%) Data Structures
10 36 (1.26%) Public Cloud
11 28 (0.98%) Algorithms
12 27 (0.95%) Marketing Technology
13 26 (0.91%) Linux Command Line
14 24 (0.84%) e-Learning
15 23 (0.81%) Social Media
16 22 (0.77%) Blog
17 19 (0.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 18 (0.63%) Tandem
19 17 (0.60%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 237 (8.32%) Linux
2 111 (3.90%) Windows
3 102 (3.58%) Apple iOS
4 98 (3.44%) Android
5 78 (2.74%) Unix
6 46 (1.62%) Mac OS X
7 25 (0.88%) CentOS
8 12 (0.42%) Windows Server
9 11 (0.39%) Fedora
10 9 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
11 8 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.11%) tvOS
13 2 (0.070%) Debian
14 1 (0.035%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 1 (0.035%) VMS
14 1 (0.035%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,356 (47.63%) Agile Software Development
2 727 (25.54%) Front End Development
3 624 (21.92%) TDD
4 463 (16.26%) MVC
5 436 (15.31%) Web Development
6 422 (14.82%) DevOps
7 376 (13.21%) Software Engineering
8 362 (12.72%) Scrum
9 319 (11.20%) OO
10 300 (10.54%) Problem-Solving
11 298 (10.47%) Computer Science
12 294 (10.33%) Fintech
13 280 (9.83%) Microservices
14 272 (9.55%) Continuous Integration
15 255 (8.96%) BDD
16 250 (8.78%) Test Automation
17 215 (7.55%) E-Commerce
18 207 (7.27%) Unit Testing
19 189 (6.64%) Analytics
20 186 (6.53%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,348 (82.47%) JavaScript
2 758 (26.62%) C#
3 586 (20.58%) SQL
4 473 (16.61%) Java
5 457 (16.05%) TypeScript
6 364 (12.79%) PHP
7 283 (9.94%) Python
8 270 (9.48%) ES6
9 125 (4.39%) T-SQL
10 112 (3.93%) Ruby
11 60 (2.11%) Java 8
12 48 (1.69%) ES7
13 41 (1.44%) PowerShell
14 37 (1.30%) C
15 35 (1.23%) Kotlin
16 32 (1.12%) Scala
17 28 (0.98%) Bash Shell
18 27 (0.95%) Go
18 27 (0.95%) PHP 7
19 26 (0.91%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 323 (11.35%) Degree
2 151 (5.30%) Computer Science Degree
3 36 (1.26%) Security Cleared
4 27 (0.95%) SC Cleared
5 10 (0.35%) DBS Check
6 6 (0.21%) AWS Certification
6 6 (0.21%) DV Cleared
6 6 (0.21%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.14%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 2 (0.070%) PMI Certification
8 2 (0.070%) PMP
9 1 (0.035%) HND
9 1 (0.035%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.035%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 169 (5.94%) QA
2 16 (0.56%) GDPR
3 10 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (0.25%) SLA
5 3 (0.11%) PMO
6 2 (0.070%) WCAG
7 1 (0.035%) MiFID
7 1 (0.035%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 337 (11.84%) Docker
2 28 (0.98%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.11%) LXC
5 2 (0.070%) Varnish
6 1 (0.035%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.035%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 208 (7.31%) Kubernetes
2 56 (1.97%) Terraform
3 29 (1.02%) Ansible
4 21 (0.74%) Opscode Chef
5 20 (0.70%) Single Sign-On
6 13 (0.46%) Mesos
7 7 (0.25%) Puppet
8 6 (0.21%) Kibana
9 5 (0.18%) CA Single Sign-On
10 4 (0.14%) Packer
11 3 (0.11%) cPanel
11 3 (0.11%) HP UCMDB
12 2 (0.070%) Nagios
12 2 (0.070%) TeamSite
12 2 (0.070%) ZABBIX
13 1 (0.035%) Grafana
13 1 (0.035%) Graylog
13 1 (0.035%) Microsoft Clustering
13 1 (0.035%) MIIS
13 1 (0.035%) Plesk
Vendors
1 251 (8.82%) Microsoft
2 149 (5.23%) Adobe
3 140 (4.92%) Google
4 137 (4.81%) Oracle
5 62 (2.18%) Salesforce.com
6 59 (2.07%) ServiceNow
7 39 (1.37%) Zend
8 30 (1.05%) ESRI
9 22 (0.77%) Sitecore
10 21 (0.74%) Atlassian
11 20 (0.70%) SAP
11 20 (0.70%) Tableau
12 15 (0.53%) MuleSoft
12 15 (0.53%) TIBCO
13 14 (0.49%) hybris
13 14 (0.49%) Pardot
14 13 (0.46%) Red Hat
15 12 (0.42%) Xamarin
16 10 (0.35%) Apple
16 10 (0.35%) Tealium