Period
to 24 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 24 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
24 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 21 16 17
Rank change year-on-year -5 +1 -2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 7230 8667 9357
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 9.64% 11.43% 10.50%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.71% 28.42% 27.89%
Number of salaries quoted 6381 7692 8315
London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,500
90th Percentile £78,750 £76,250 £73,750
England median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29265 30492 33546
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 39.00% 40.22% 37.63%
Number of salaries quoted 23855 26858 28770
London median annual salary £60,000 £58,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.56% +6.36% +4.76%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £34,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £83,750
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 24 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 1479 £55,000 - 143
West London -4 370 £50,000 +5.26% 58
South London +5 284 £42,500 -10.53% 20
East London -4 83 £52,500 +2.44% 30
North London 0 60 £45,000 +12.50% 16
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 24 November 2017, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 6782 (93.80%) HTML
2 6322 (87.44%) JavaScript
3 3477 (48.09%) Agile Software Development
4 3068 (42.43%) AngularJS
5 3030 (41.91%) HTML5
6 2320 (32.09%) .NET
7 2230 (30.84%) C#
8 2203 (30.47%) CSS3
9 2092 (28.93%) jQuery
10 1998 (27.63%) Front End Development
11 1986 (27.47%) MVC
12 1724 (23.85%) SQL
13 1716 (23.73%) React
14 1627 (22.50%) TDD
15 1506 (20.83%) Git (software)
16 1489 (20.59%) ASP.NET
17 1458 (20.17%) SQL Server
18 1441 (19.93%) Web Development
19 1426 (19.72%) Node.js
20 1396 (19.31%) Scrum
21 1395 (19.29%) User Experience
22 1394 (19.28%) Finance
23 1331 (18.41%) Java
24 1120 (15.49%) Sass
25 1087 (15.03%) PHP
26 1067 (14.76%) OO
27 1023 (14.15%) Degree
28 965 (13.35%) ASP.NET MVC
29 901 (12.46%) Microsoft
30 846 (11.70%) Web Services

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 576 (7.97%) CMS
2 299 (4.14%) WordPress
3 259 (3.58%) SharePoint
4 210 (2.90%) IIS
5 181 (2.50%) Drupal
6 170 (2.35%) Apache
7 168 (2.32%) Elasticsearch
8 128 (1.77%) Umbraco
9 90 (1.24%) SharePoint 2013
10 86 (1.19%) Sitecore CMS
11 73 (1.01%) Tomcat
12 71 (0.98%) EPiServer
13 60 (0.83%) Confluence
14 58 (0.80%) Apache Spark
14 58 (0.80%) WebSphere
15 57 (0.79%) BizTalk Server
16 53 (0.73%) Apache Solr
17 43 (0.59%) nginx
18 41 (0.57%) JBoss
19 38 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 446 (6.17%) Photoshop
2 241 (3.33%) Adobe Illustrator
3 121 (1.67%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 89 (1.23%) InVision
5 80 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
6 59 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
7 33 (0.46%) InDesign
8 19 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 16 (0.22%) InfoPath
10 13 (0.18%) MS Visio
11 12 (0.17%) UXPin
12 8 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
12 8 (0.11%) FrameMaker
12 8 (0.11%) SPSS
13 7 (0.097%) GIMP
14 6 (0.083%) Fireworks
15 5 (0.069%) OmniGraffle
16 3 (0.041%) HipChat
17 2 (0.028%) Adobe Premiere
17 2 (0.028%) Final Cut Pro
Business Applications
1 116 (1.60%) Magento
2 90 (1.24%) Dynamics CRM
3 37 (0.51%) Payment Gateway
4 32 (0.44%) Eloqua
5 22 (0.30%) Adobe Campaign
6 17 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 17 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
7 15 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
8 10 (0.14%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 8 (0.11%) Shopify
10 7 (0.097%) Workday HCM
11 6 (0.083%) Unit4 Business World
12 5 (0.069%) NetSuite
12 5 (0.069%) Social Studio
13 4 (0.055%) BusinessWorks
13 4 (0.055%) Dynamics AX
13 4 (0.055%) SessionCam
14 3 (0.041%) Visualfiles
14 3 (0.041%) WebTrends
15 2 (0.028%) ResourceLink
Cloud Services
1 684 (9.46%) Amazon AWS
2 619 (8.56%) Microsoft Azure
3 324 (4.48%) GitHub
4 272 (3.76%) SaaS
5 217 (3.00%) npm
6 98 (1.36%) Office 365
7 81 (1.12%) PaaS
8 73 (1.01%) Google Analytics
9 57 (0.79%) Serverless
10 53 (0.73%) Cloud Computing
10 53 (0.73%) Google Cloud Platform
11 51 (0.71%) AWS Lambda
12 45 (0.62%) Heroku
13 43 (0.59%) IaaS
14 39 (0.54%) Amazon S3
15 34 (0.47%) Amazon EC2
16 27 (0.37%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 24 (0.33%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 24 (0.33%) Slack
18 23 (0.32%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 230 (3.18%) HTTP
2 188 (2.60%) Internet
3 61 (0.84%) Intranet
4 38 (0.53%) SMS
5 31 (0.43%) TCP/IP
6 25 (0.35%) DNS
6 25 (0.35%) FTP
6 25 (0.35%) Skype
7 19 (0.26%) SSL
8 18 (0.25%) Firewall
8 18 (0.25%) HTTPS
9 16 (0.22%) LDAP
10 12 (0.17%) Broadband
10 12 (0.17%) Extranet
10 12 (0.17%) Intrusion Detection
11 11 (0.15%) AMQP
12 10 (0.14%) RFID
13 9 (0.12%) SMTP
14 8 (0.11%) Ethernet
14 8 (0.11%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1458 (20.17%) SQL Server
2 828 (11.45%) MySQL
3 403 (5.57%) MongoDB
4 370 (5.12%) NoSQL
5 277 (3.83%) Relational Database
6 176 (2.43%) PostgreSQL
7 169 (2.34%) Big Data
8 135 (1.87%) Redis
9 119 (1.65%) SQL Server 2014
10 111 (1.54%) SQL Server 2012
11 101 (1.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 91 (1.26%) SQL Server 2008
13 89 (1.23%) Apache Cassandra
14 80 (1.11%) RDBMS
15 75 (1.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 64 (0.89%) Blockchain
17 61 (0.84%) Couchbase
18 57 (0.79%) Hadoop
19 53 (0.73%) Azure SQL Database
20 39 (0.54%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1506 (20.83%) Git (software)
2 556 (7.69%) gulp
3 454 (6.28%) Grunt
4 411 (5.68%) webpack
5 345 (4.77%) Subversion
6 303 (4.19%) Jasmine
7 293 (4.05%) Jenkins
8 276 (3.82%) Visual Studio
9 275 (3.80%) JIRA
10 257 (3.55%) NUnit
11 240 (3.32%) Team Foundation Server
12 206 (2.85%) Mocha
12 206 (2.85%) Selenium
13 200 (2.77%) TeamCity
14 181 (2.50%) Karma Test Runner
15 177 (2.45%) Rhino Mocks
16 139 (1.92%) Bower
17 138 (1.91%) JUnit
18 133 (1.84%) Bitbucket
19 125 (1.73%) Babel
General
1 1394 (19.28%) Finance
2 589 (8.15%) Marketing
3 504 (6.97%) Retail
4 462 (6.39%) Banking
5 315 (4.36%) Games
6 225 (3.11%) Advertising
7 145 (2.01%) Legal
8 109 (1.51%) Publishing
9 93 (1.29%) Telecoms
10 78 (1.08%) Investment Banking
11 74 (1.02%) Front Office
12 59 (0.82%) Music Industry
13 56 (0.77%) Law
14 55 (0.76%) Back Office
15 52 (0.72%) Financial Institution
16 48 (0.66%) Manufacturing
17 44 (0.61%) Electronics
18 31 (0.43%) Multimedia
18 31 (0.43%) Retail Banking
19 25 (0.35%) Billing
Job Titles
1 5518 (76.32%) Developer
2 1512 (20.91%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1191 (16.47%) .NET Developer
4 1161 (16.06%) JavaScript Developer
5 946 (13.08%) Senior Developer
6 866 (11.98%) C# Developer
7 697 (9.64%) C# .NET Developer
8 656 (9.07%) Full Stack Developer
9 594 (8.22%) Angular Developer
10 579 (8.01%) HTML Developer
11 540 (7.47%) Web Developer
12 460 (6.36%) HTML CSS Developer
13 428 (5.92%) PHP Developer
14 420 (5.81%) ASP.NET Developer
15 402 (5.56%) Java Developer
16 369 (5.10%) Lead Developer
17 360 (4.98%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 298 (4.12%) Software Engineer
19 281 (3.89%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
20 272 (3.76%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6782 (93.80%) HTML
2 3068 (42.43%) AngularJS
3 3030 (41.91%) HTML5
4 2320 (32.09%) .NET
5 2203 (30.47%) CSS3
6 2092 (28.93%) jQuery
7 1716 (23.73%) React
8 1489 (20.59%) ASP.NET
9 1426 (19.72%) Node.js
10 1120 (15.49%) Sass
11 965 (13.35%) ASP.NET MVC
12 846 (11.70%) Web Services
13 777 (10.75%) REST
14 682 (9.43%) Ajax
15 667 (9.23%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 666 (9.21%) RESTful
17 592 (8.19%) XML
18 576 (7.97%) .NET Framework
19 547 (7.57%) JSON
20 535 (7.40%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1395 (19.29%) User Experience
2 597 (8.26%) Computer Science
3 581 (8.04%) Greenfield Project
4 439 (6.07%) Fintech
5 378 (5.23%) Analytical Skills
6 376 (5.20%) Mobile App
7 192 (2.66%) Enterprise Software
8 103 (1.42%) Algorithms
9 90 (1.24%) Social Media
10 84 (1.16%) Hedge funds
11 74 (1.02%) W3C
12 65 (0.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 60 (0.83%) Data Structures
14 59 (0.82%) Graphic Design
15 58 (0.80%) Virtual Team
16 56 (0.77%) Digital Media
17 55 (0.76%) Linux Command Line
18 46 (0.64%) Client/Server
18 46 (0.64%) e-Learning
19 41 (0.57%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 574 (7.94%) Linux
2 305 (4.22%) Windows
3 294 (4.07%) Apple iOS
4 273 (3.78%) Android
5 174 (2.41%) Unix
6 81 (1.12%) Windows Server
7 36 (0.50%) Windows 7
8 28 (0.39%) Mac OS X
9 24 (0.33%) Ubuntu
10 20 (0.28%) Mac OS
11 19 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
12 16 (0.22%) Windows 10
13 10 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 9 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
15 8 (0.11%) CentOS
16 7 (0.097%) Windows 8
17 4 (0.055%) AIX
17 4 (0.055%) Debian
17 4 (0.055%) Fedora
17 4 (0.055%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3477 (48.09%) Agile Software Development
2 1998 (27.63%) Front End Development
3 1986 (27.47%) MVC
4 1627 (22.50%) TDD
5 1441 (19.93%) Web Development
6 1396 (19.31%) Scrum
7 1067 (14.76%) OO
8 729 (10.08%) Software Engineering
9 708 (9.79%) E-Commerce
10 656 (9.07%) BDD
11 639 (8.84%) Continuous Integration
12 537 (7.43%) Responsive Web Design
13 534 (7.39%) Test Automation
14 526 (7.28%) Unit Testing
15 485 (6.71%) Microservices
16 462 (6.39%) OOP
17 454 (6.28%) Mentoring
18 441 (6.10%) DevOps
19 432 (5.98%) Analytics
20 378 (5.23%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 6322 (87.44%) JavaScript
2 2230 (30.84%) C#
3 1724 (23.85%) SQL
4 1331 (18.41%) Java
5 1087 (15.03%) PHP
6 557 (7.70%) Python
7 532 (7.36%) ES6
8 411 (5.68%) T-SQL
9 348 (4.81%) TypeScript
10 283 (3.91%) Ruby
11 187 (2.59%) Scala
11 187 (2.59%) VB.NET
12 145 (2.01%) C++
13 112 (1.55%) PowerShell
14 89 (1.23%) C
14 89 (1.23%) Groovy
15 84 (1.16%) VB
16 71 (0.98%) ECMAScript
17 65 (0.90%) Go
18 63 (0.87%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 1023 (14.15%) Degree
2 334 (4.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 70 (0.97%) Security Cleared
4 64 (0.89%) Microsoft Certification
5 35 (0.48%) MCSD
6 33 (0.46%) MCAD
7 30 (0.41%) Master's Degree
8 28 (0.39%) PhD
8 28 (0.39%) SC Cleared
9 23 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
10 17 (0.24%) A+ Certification
11 12 (0.17%) DV Cleared
12 10 (0.14%) ISEB
13 9 (0.12%) ISTQB
13 9 (0.12%) MCSA
14 8 (0.11%) MCTS
15 7 (0.097%) Cisco Certification
15 7 (0.097%) ITIL Certification
15 7 (0.097%) MBA
15 7 (0.097%) MCPD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 341 (4.72%) QA
2 44 (0.61%) WCAG
3 17 (0.24%) Data Quality
4 15 (0.21%) WAI
5 13 (0.18%) SLA
6 8 (0.11%) GCP
7 6 (0.083%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.069%) COBIT
9 4 (0.055%) HIPAA
10 3 (0.041%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.041%) GDPR
11 2 (0.028%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 1 (0.014%) IFRS
12 1 (0.014%) IFRS 9
12 1 (0.014%) PMO
System Software
1 352 (4.87%) Docker
2 49 (0.68%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.14%) Varnish
4 9 (0.12%) HDFS
5 7 (0.097%) Microsoft App-V
5 7 (0.097%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.083%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 4 (0.055%) XenDesktop
8 3 (0.041%) Cygwin
8 3 (0.041%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.028%) DFS Replication
9 2 (0.028%) KVM
9 2 (0.028%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.014%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.014%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.014%) ISA Server
10 1 (0.014%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.014%) vSphere
10 1 (0.014%) Xen
Systems Management
1 75 (1.04%) Puppet
2 67 (0.93%) Ansible
3 65 (0.90%) Kubernetes
4 37 (0.51%) Opscode Chef
5 17 (0.24%) Kibana
6 16 (0.22%) cPanel
7 12 (0.17%) Terraform
8 11 (0.15%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 8 (0.11%) logstash
9 8 (0.11%) Salt
10 6 (0.083%) HAProxy
11 4 (0.055%) Nagios
12 3 (0.041%) Hadoop YARN
12 3 (0.041%) ZABBIX
13 2 (0.028%) CA Single Sign-On
13 2 (0.028%) Grafana
13 2 (0.028%) MOM
13 2 (0.028%) SCOM
13 2 (0.028%) StatsD
13 2 (0.028%) WSUS
Vendors
1 901 (12.46%) Microsoft
2 358 (4.95%) Adobe
3 255 (3.53%) Oracle
4 242 (3.35%) Google
5 123 (1.70%) Sitecore
6 109 (1.51%) Zend
7 85 (1.18%) Salesforce.com
8 73 (1.01%) SAP
9 62 (0.86%) hybris
10 60 (0.83%) IBM
11 56 (0.77%) Facebook
11 56 (0.77%) Xamarin
12 40 (0.55%) Demandware
13 35 (0.48%) Tableau
14 33 (0.46%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
14 33 (0.46%) TIBCO
15 32 (0.44%) Apple
15 32 (0.44%) Optimizely
15 32 (0.44%) Twitter
16 28 (0.39%) ServiceNow