Period
to 24 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 24 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
24 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 34 28 22
Rank change year-on-year -6 -6 -3
Permanent jobs citing CSS 1,676 4,083 5,818
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 6.96% 7.98% 9.22%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.71% 19.59% 22.70%
Number of salaries quoted 1,667 3,737 5,033
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +9.09%
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £33,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £90,000 £87,500
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 10,668 20,847 25,629
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 44.32% 40.73% 40.63%
Number of salaries quoted 9,183 17,372 21,402
Median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.69% +8.33%
10th Percentile £46,250 £41,250 £38,750
90th Percentile £107,500 £105,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 24 January 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 24 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -4 444 £70,000 +7.69% 166
South London +7 71 £60,000 +20.00% 10
West London -14 38 £63,750 +6.25% 49
East London +10 11 £47,500 -4.94% 35
North London +16 5 £42,590 -24.28% 4
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 24 January 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,430 (85.32%) HTML
2 1,412 (84.25%) JavaScript
3 867 (51.73%) Agile Software Development
4 586 (34.96%) React
5 566 (33.77%) AngularJS
6 556 (33.17%) .NET
7 535 (31.92%) HTML5
8 505 (30.13%) Azure
9 498 (29.71%) C#
10 468 (27.92%) SQL
11 427 (25.48%) CSS3
12 420 (25.06%) Node.js
13 386 (23.03%) Front End Development
14 385 (22.97%) DevOps
15 376 (22.43%) Git (software)
16 348 (20.76%) MVC
17 339 (20.23%) SQL Server
18 338 (20.17%) TypeScript
19 322 (19.21%) OO
19 322 (19.21%) TDD
20 319 (19.03%) Web Development
21 318 (18.97%) Finance
22 308 (18.38%) User Experience
23 302 (18.02%) Microservices
24 293 (17.48%) AWS
25 278 (16.59%) jQuery
26 275 (16.41%) Microsoft
27 270 (16.11%) Scrum
28 246 (14.68%) Vue.js
29 245 (14.62%) Degree

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 133 (7.94%) SharePoint
2 94 (5.61%) CMS
3 44 (2.63%) Confluence
4 41 (2.45%) WordPress
5 33 (1.97%) IIS
6 30 (1.79%) Elasticsearch
7 26 (1.55%) Drupal
8 22 (1.31%) Moodle
9 18 (1.07%) Apache Spark
9 18 (1.07%) Umbraco
10 16 (0.95%) Apache
11 13 (0.78%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 13 (0.78%) Headless CMS
12 8 (0.48%) nginx
13 7 (0.42%) Apache Solr
13 7 (0.42%) EPiServer
14 6 (0.36%) Tomcat
15 5 (0.30%) GeoServer
15 5 (0.30%) Sitecore CMS
16 4 (0.24%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 55 (3.28%) Sketch
2 45 (2.68%) InVision
3 29 (1.73%) Figma
4 27 (1.61%) Photoshop
5 23 (1.37%) Adobe Illustrator
6 19 (1.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 11 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
7 11 (0.66%) Zeplin
8 7 (0.42%) Adobe XD
9 5 (0.30%) Chatbot
10 4 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
11 3 (0.18%) Adobe After Effects
11 3 (0.18%) GIMP
12 2 (0.12%) CINEMA 4D
12 2 (0.12%) Flinto
13 1 (0.060%) Adobe Premiere
13 1 (0.060%) Fireworks
13 1 (0.060%) InDesign
13 1 (0.060%) MS Visio
13 1 (0.060%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 111 (6.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 29 (1.73%) Shopify
3 17 (1.01%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 16 (0.95%) Magento
5 15 (0.89%) Siebel CRM
6 8 (0.48%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.24%) Maximo
8 3 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.18%) Oracle CRM On Demand
9 2 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
10 1 (0.060%) Academy Housing
10 1 (0.060%) JDE OneWorld
10 1 (0.060%) NetSuite
10 1 (0.060%) SAP CRM
10 1 (0.060%) SAP ERP
10 1 (0.060%) SAP Hybris
10 1 (0.060%) SAP S/4HANA
10 1 (0.060%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 505 (30.13%) Azure
2 293 (17.48%) AWS
3 113 (6.74%) Serverless
4 112 (6.68%) Dynamics 365
4 112 (6.68%) Power Platform
5 110 (6.56%) PaaS
6 94 (5.61%) SaaS
7 88 (5.25%) GCP
8 83 (4.95%) npm
9 52 (3.10%) AWS Lambda
10 47 (2.80%) Azure Active Directory
10 47 (2.80%) GitHub
11 44 (2.63%) Azure Functions
12 30 (1.79%) Firebase
13 28 (1.67%) PowerApps
14 26 (1.55%) Cloud Functions
15 24 (1.43%) Logic Apps
16 23 (1.37%) Amazon EC2
16 23 (1.37%) Amazon S3
17 16 (0.95%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 30 (1.79%) HTTP
2 18 (1.07%) Internet
3 9 (0.54%) Intranet
3 9 (0.54%) VPN
4 5 (0.30%) SMS
5 4 (0.24%) Asterisk PBX
5 4 (0.24%) RTP
5 4 (0.24%) VoIP
6 3 (0.18%) SSH
6 3 (0.18%) SSL
7 2 (0.12%) Firewall
8 1 (0.060%) AMQP
8 1 (0.060%) DNS
8 1 (0.060%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.060%) Intrusion Detection
8 1 (0.060%) RS-485
8 1 (0.060%) Skype
8 1 (0.060%) SMTP
8 1 (0.060%) TCP/IP
8 1 (0.060%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 339 (20.23%) SQL Server
2 145 (8.65%) MySQL
3 86 (5.13%) MongoDB
4 83 (4.95%) NoSQL
5 73 (4.36%) PostgreSQL
6 68 (4.06%) Relational Database
7 63 (3.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 61 (3.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 47 (2.80%) Azure SQL Database
10 40 (2.39%) Redis
11 39 (2.33%) SQL Server 2012
12 34 (2.03%) Data Lake
13 33 (1.97%) Big Data
14 30 (1.79%) SQL Server 2019
15 26 (1.55%) Power BI
16 19 (1.13%) Amazon RDS
16 19 (1.13%) Cosmos DB
16 19 (1.13%) SQL Server 2008
17 16 (0.95%) Hadoop
18 15 (0.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 376 (22.43%) Git (software)
2 112 (6.68%) Visual Studio
3 103 (6.15%) webpack
4 91 (5.43%) Jenkins
5 77 (4.59%) Team Foundation Server
6 73 (4.36%) JIRA
7 61 (3.64%) Visual Studio Team System
8 57 (3.40%) Grunt
9 47 (2.80%) gulp
10 45 (2.68%) Selenium
11 40 (2.39%) Mocha
12 33 (1.97%) Babel
12 33 (1.97%) Jasmine
13 31 (1.85%) Cypress.io
14 25 (1.49%) Bitbucket
14 25 (1.49%) TeamCity
15 22 (1.31%) GitLab
15 22 (1.31%) Octopus Deploy
16 21 (1.25%) Karma Test Runner
17 20 (1.19%) Bower
General
1 318 (18.97%) Finance
2 113 (6.74%) Banking
3 108 (6.44%) Marketing
4 65 (3.88%) Retail
5 60 (3.58%) Public Sector
6 57 (3.40%) Games
7 46 (2.74%) Advertising
8 42 (2.51%) Private Banking
9 39 (2.33%) Manufacturing
10 34 (2.03%) Telecoms
11 31 (1.85%) Back Office
12 29 (1.73%) Automotive
12 29 (1.73%) Publishing
13 21 (1.25%) Front Office
14 17 (1.01%) Law
15 13 (0.78%) Legal
16 11 (0.66%) Electronics
16 11 (0.66%) Financial Institution
17 9 (0.54%) Local Government
18 8 (0.48%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 1,219 (72.73%) Developer
2 307 (18.32%) Senior Developer
3 268 (15.99%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 225 (13.42%) .NET Developer
5 213 (12.71%) Full Stack Developer
6 169 (10.08%) JavaScript Developer
7 158 (9.43%) React Developer
8 142 (8.47%) C# Developer
9 112 (6.68%) Angular Developer
10 106 (6.32%) Architect
11 104 (6.21%) C# .NET Developer
12 89 (5.31%) PHP Developer
13 84 (5.01%) Software Engineer
14 83 (4.95%) Web Developer
15 81 (4.83%) Senior .NET Developer
16 77 (4.59%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 67 (4.00%) Lead Developer
18 66 (3.94%) Azure Developer
19 64 (3.82%) Software Developer
20 61 (3.64%) Senior C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,430 (85.32%) HTML
2 586 (34.96%) React
3 566 (33.77%) AngularJS
4 556 (33.17%) .NET
5 535 (31.92%) HTML5
6 427 (25.48%) CSS3
7 420 (25.06%) Node.js
8 278 (16.59%) jQuery
9 246 (14.68%) Vue.js
10 240 (14.32%) ASP.NET
11 231 (13.78%) Sass
12 228 (13.60%) REST
13 221 (13.19%) .NET Core
14 199 (11.87%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 197 (11.75%) XML
16 193 (11.52%) Web Services
17 191 (11.40%) .NET Framework
18 187 (11.16%) ASP.NET Web API
19 155 (9.25%) Redux
19 155 (9.25%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 308 (18.38%) User Experience
2 125 (7.46%) Analytical Skills
3 102 (6.09%) Greenfield Project
4 98 (5.85%) Mobile App
5 94 (5.61%) N-Tier
6 51 (3.04%) Enterprise Software
7 31 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
8 29 (1.73%) Client/Server
9 28 (1.67%) Algorithms
9 28 (1.67%) Cloud Native
9 28 (1.67%) Data Structures
9 28 (1.67%) Reinsurance
10 24 (1.43%) Hedge funds
11 22 (1.31%) Virtual Team
12 20 (1.19%) Media Streaming
13 19 (1.13%) e-Learning
14 18 (1.07%) Social Media
15 17 (1.01%) Blog
16 16 (0.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 15 (0.89%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 69 (4.12%) Linux
2 61 (3.64%) Windows
3 51 (3.04%) Apple iOS
4 48 (2.86%) Android
5 23 (1.37%) Unix
6 9 (0.54%) CentOS
6 9 (0.54%) Windows Server
7 7 (0.42%) VMS
8 6 (0.36%) Debian
8 6 (0.36%) Fedora
8 6 (0.36%) Windows Server 2008
9 4 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.12%) AIX
10 2 (0.12%) Solaris
11 1 (0.060%) tvOS
11 1 (0.060%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 867 (51.73%) Agile Software Development
2 386 (23.03%) Front End Development
3 385 (22.97%) DevOps
4 348 (20.76%) MVC
5 322 (19.21%) OO
5 322 (19.21%) TDD
6 319 (19.03%) Web Development
7 302 (18.02%) Microservices
8 270 (16.11%) Scrum
9 243 (14.50%) Software Engineering
10 234 (13.96%) Continuous Integration
11 226 (13.48%) Test Automation
12 156 (9.31%) Problem-Solving
13 153 (9.13%) Fintech
14 151 (9.01%) BDD
15 141 (8.41%) CRM
16 140 (8.35%) Unit Testing
17 133 (7.94%) Computer Science
18 122 (7.28%) SOLID
19 117 (6.98%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 1,412 (84.25%) JavaScript
2 498 (29.71%) C#
3 468 (27.92%) SQL
4 338 (20.17%) TypeScript
5 213 (12.71%) PHP
6 206 (12.29%) Java
7 149 (8.89%) Python
8 125 (7.46%) ES6
9 124 (7.40%) T-SQL
10 68 (4.06%) PowerShell
11 62 (3.70%) Ruby
12 40 (2.39%) C++
13 35 (2.09%) Kotlin
14 32 (1.91%) ES7
15 28 (1.67%) Scala
16 19 (1.13%) Apple Swift
16 19 (1.13%) Go
17 18 (1.07%) Objective-C
18 17 (1.01%) C
19 16 (0.95%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 245 (14.62%) Degree
2 73 (4.36%) Computer Science Degree
3 22 (1.31%) Security Cleared
4 18 (1.07%) SC Cleared
5 8 (0.48%) SANS
6 4 (0.24%) DV Cleared
6 4 (0.24%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 4 (0.24%) PMI Certification
7 3 (0.18%) HND
7 3 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
7 3 (0.18%) Postgraduate
8 2 (0.12%) CIW
8 2 (0.12%) OCA
8 2 (0.12%) OCP
8 2 (0.12%) Oracle Certification
9 1 (0.060%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.060%) SAP Certification
9 1 (0.060%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 109 (6.50%) QA
2 13 (0.78%) WCAG
3 6 (0.36%) PSD2
4 4 (0.24%) SLA
5 3 (0.18%) EMIR
5 3 (0.18%) ISO 13485
5 3 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.18%) MiFID
6 2 (0.12%) GDPR
7 1 (0.060%) Data Quality
System Software
1 168 (10.02%) Docker
2 17 (1.01%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.24%) Kamailio
3 4 (0.24%) OpenSIPS
4 3 (0.18%) Firmware
4 3 (0.18%) LXC
5 1 (0.060%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 102 (6.09%) Kubernetes
2 63 (3.76%) Terraform
3 32 (1.91%) Opscode Chef
4 9 (0.54%) Ansible
5 4 (0.24%) Kibana
5 4 (0.24%) Puppet
5 4 (0.24%) Rancher
6 3 (0.18%) HAProxy
7 2 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
7 2 (0.12%) Grafana
7 2 (0.12%) HP UCMDB
8 1 (0.060%) Prometheus
8 1 (0.060%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 275 (16.41%) Microsoft
2 112 (6.68%) Google
3 61 (3.64%) Adobe
4 56 (3.34%) Nintex
5 40 (2.39%) Oracle
6 32 (1.91%) Databricks
7 26 (1.55%) Salesforce.com
8 25 (1.49%) Atlassian
9 21 (1.25%) Xamarin
10 18 (1.07%) ServiceNow
10 18 (1.07%) Siebel
11 17 (1.01%) Sparx
11 17 (1.01%) VMware
12 16 (0.95%) Zend
13 15 (0.89%) Pega
14 12 (0.72%) Apple
15 11 (0.66%) IBM
16 10 (0.60%) SAP
17 8 (0.48%) Sitecore
17 8 (0.48%) Sun