Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 31 30 24
Rank change year-on-year -1 -6 -5
Permanent jobs citing CSS 2,292 3,669 5,209
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 7.43% 7.81% 8.53%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 17.10% 19.08% 21.21%
Number of salaries quoted 1,742 3,131 4,346
10th Percentile £41,250 £39,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £64,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +0.78% +7.50% +9.09%
75th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £92,500 £90,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 13,402 19,230 24,559
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 43.45% 40.94% 40.23%
Number of salaries quoted 10,655 15,974 20,596
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
25th Percentile £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +8.33%
75th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% - +10.00%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -6 503 £75,000 +11.11% 205
South London +8 68 £60,152 +20.30% 6
West London +16 67 £66,250 +10.42% 75
East London +9 17 £41,250 -8.33% 51
North London +17 2 £67,500 +22.73% 8
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,962 (85.60%) JavaScript
2 1,949 (85.03%) HTML
3 1,151 (50.22%) Agile Software Development
4 952 (41.54%) React
5 696 (30.37%) HTML5
6 678 (29.58%) C#
7 669 (29.19%) AngularJS
8 628 (27.40%) .NET
9 627 (27.36%) SQL
10 611 (26.66%) Front End Development
11 605 (26.40%) Azure
12 578 (25.22%) Node.js
13 556 (24.26%) TypeScript
14 536 (23.39%) Git (software)
15 534 (23.30%) CSS3
16 530 (23.12%) User Experience
17 497 (21.68%) DevOps
18 448 (19.55%) Microservices
19 428 (18.67%) Software Engineering
20 419 (18.28%) Degree
21 400 (17.45%) Finance
22 391 (17.06%) OO
23 389 (16.97%) AWS
24 388 (16.93%) SQL Server
25 382 (16.67%) TDD
26 378 (16.49%) MVC
27 356 (15.53%) Java
28 353 (15.40%) jQuery
29 347 (15.14%) Vue.js
30 344 (15.01%) Test Automation

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 191 (8.33%) SharePoint
2 115 (5.02%) CMS
3 92 (4.01%) WordPress
4 70 (3.05%) Confluence
5 62 (2.71%) Drupal
6 52 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
7 29 (1.27%) Apache
8 24 (1.05%) Apache Spark
9 20 (0.87%) Umbraco
10 18 (0.79%) nginx
11 16 (0.70%) Moodle
11 16 (0.70%) Tomcat
12 15 (0.65%) Apache Solr
13 14 (0.61%) IIS
14 13 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 12 (0.52%) Headless CMS
16 11 (0.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 11 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
17 8 (0.35%) EPiServer
17 8 (0.35%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 90 (3.93%) Sketch
2 59 (2.57%) Figma
3 58 (2.53%) InVision
4 41 (1.79%) Photoshop
5 29 (1.27%) Microsoft Office
6 27 (1.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 25 (1.09%) Adobe Illustrator
8 19 (0.83%) Adobe XD
9 16 (0.70%) Adobe After Effects
10 9 (0.39%) Chatbot
10 9 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
11 8 (0.35%) CINEMA 4D
12 7 (0.31%) UXPin
13 6 (0.26%) Revit
14 5 (0.22%) AutoCAD
14 5 (0.22%) Blender
14 5 (0.22%) Fireworks
14 5 (0.22%) GIMP
15 4 (0.17%) Zeplin
16 3 (0.13%) Flinto
Business Applications
1 133 (5.80%) Dynamics CRM
2 43 (1.88%) Shopify
3 24 (1.05%) Magento
4 10 (0.44%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 9 (0.39%) Remedy ITSM
6 6 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
7 3 (0.13%) WebTrends
8 2 (0.087%) Maximo
8 2 (0.087%) NetSuite
9 1 (0.044%) Academy Housing
9 1 (0.044%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.044%) JDE OneWorld
9 1 (0.044%) OpenText MBPM
9 1 (0.044%) Sage 300 ERP
9 1 (0.044%) Sage CRM
9 1 (0.044%) SAP CRM
9 1 (0.044%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.044%) SAP Hybris
9 1 (0.044%) SAP S/4HANA
9 1 (0.044%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 605 (26.40%) Azure
2 389 (16.97%) AWS
3 176 (7.68%) Serverless
4 173 (7.55%) SaaS
5 167 (7.29%) PaaS
6 135 (5.89%) Power Platform
7 122 (5.32%) GCP
8 107 (4.67%) GitHub
9 100 (4.36%) Dynamics 365
10 95 (4.14%) npm
11 90 (3.93%) Azure Active Directory
12 79 (3.45%) AWS Lambda
13 73 (3.18%) Azure Functions
14 66 (2.88%) Amazon S3
15 60 (2.62%) PowerApps
16 44 (1.92%) Amazon EC2
17 42 (1.83%) IaaS
18 31 (1.35%) Microsoft 365
19 29 (1.27%) Yarn
20 28 (1.22%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 44 (1.92%) HTTP
2 24 (1.05%) Internet
3 17 (0.74%) VPN
4 14 (0.61%) SSL
5 13 (0.57%) Intranet
6 10 (0.44%) Broadband
6 10 (0.44%) DNS
7 8 (0.35%) VoIP
8 7 (0.31%) Asterisk PBX
8 7 (0.31%) Firewall
8 7 (0.31%) RTP
9 5 (0.22%) HTTPS
9 5 (0.22%) Intrusion Detection
9 5 (0.22%) SSH
9 5 (0.22%) Wireless
10 4 (0.17%) Extranet
10 4 (0.17%) SMS
10 4 (0.17%) TCP/IP
11 2 (0.087%) MQTT
11 2 (0.087%) NFC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 388 (16.93%) SQL Server
2 248 (10.82%) MySQL
3 138 (6.02%) PostgreSQL
4 128 (5.58%) NoSQL
5 124 (5.41%) Relational Database
6 105 (4.58%) MongoDB
7 68 (2.97%) Redis
8 55 (2.40%) Big Data
9 54 (2.36%) Power BI
10 51 (2.23%) Azure SQL Database
11 48 (2.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 47 (2.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 32 (1.40%) Amazon RDS
14 31 (1.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 30 (1.31%) Data Lake
16 28 (1.22%) SQL Server 2019
17 24 (1.05%) Hadoop
18 23 (1.00%) Cosmos DB
18 23 (1.00%) SQL Server 2012
19 18 (0.79%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 536 (23.39%) Git (software)
2 161 (7.02%) webpack
3 126 (5.50%) Jenkins
3 126 (5.50%) Visual Studio
4 124 (5.41%) JIRA
5 111 (4.84%) Team Foundation Server
6 106 (4.62%) Visual Studio Team System
7 91 (3.97%) Cypress.io
8 89 (3.88%) gulp
9 71 (3.10%) Mocha
10 63 (2.75%) Selenium
11 51 (2.23%) Grunt
12 49 (2.14%) Jasmine
13 44 (1.92%) Babel
14 40 (1.75%) Bitbucket
15 39 (1.70%) Storybook
16 36 (1.57%) JUnit
17 34 (1.48%) GitLab
18 30 (1.31%) Maven
18 30 (1.31%) PostCSS
General
1 400 (17.45%) Finance
2 163 (7.11%) Banking
3 137 (5.98%) Marketing
4 126 (5.50%) Retail
5 92 (4.01%) Games
6 86 (3.75%) Public Sector
7 68 (2.97%) Advertising
8 57 (2.49%) Publishing
9 39 (1.70%) Manufacturing
10 35 (1.53%) Private Banking
11 33 (1.44%) Back Office
12 31 (1.35%) Telecoms
13 30 (1.31%) Front Office
14 28 (1.22%) Automotive
15 24 (1.05%) Legal
16 18 (0.79%) Local Government
17 15 (0.65%) Financial Institution
17 15 (0.65%) Law
17 15 (0.65%) Multimedia
18 12 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,593 (69.50%) Developer
2 439 (19.15%) Senior Developer
3 380 (16.58%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 314 (13.70%) Full Stack Developer
5 248 (10.82%) React Developer
6 208 (9.08%) .NET Developer
7 175 (7.64%) JavaScript Developer
8 163 (7.11%) Software Engineer
9 160 (6.98%) C# Developer
10 121 (5.28%) Angular Developer
11 114 (4.97%) Azure Developer
11 114 (4.97%) Senior Front-End Developer
12 97 (4.23%) PHP Developer
13 96 (4.19%) Java Developer
13 96 (4.19%) Web Developer
14 94 (4.10%) Software Developer
15 93 (4.06%) C# .NET Developer
16 92 (4.01%) Senior C# Developer
17 87 (3.80%) Senior Full Stack Developer
18 81 (3.53%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,949 (85.03%) HTML
2 952 (41.54%) React
3 696 (30.37%) HTML5
4 669 (29.19%) AngularJS
5 628 (27.40%) .NET
6 578 (25.22%) Node.js
7 534 (23.30%) CSS3
8 353 (15.40%) jQuery
9 347 (15.14%) Vue.js
10 342 (14.92%) Sass
11 328 (14.31%) REST
12 309 (13.48%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 274 (11.95%) Web Services
14 266 (11.61%) .NET Core
15 249 (10.86%) RESTful
16 229 (9.99%) Redux
17 218 (9.51%) ASP.NET
18 211 (9.21%) ASP.NET Web API
19 208 (9.08%) .NET Framework
20 180 (7.85%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 530 (23.12%) User Experience
2 180 (7.85%) Analytical Skills
3 164 (7.16%) Mobile App
4 118 (5.15%) Greenfield Project
5 117 (5.10%) N-Tier
6 67 (2.92%) Self-Motivation
7 55 (2.40%) Enterprise Software
8 54 (2.36%) Virtual Team
9 46 (2.01%) Social Media
10 44 (1.92%) Data Structures
10 44 (1.92%) Reinsurance
11 42 (1.83%) Algorithms
12 37 (1.61%) Hedge funds
13 36 (1.57%) Blog
14 35 (1.53%) Cloud Native
15 32 (1.40%) Client/Server
16 26 (1.13%) Web 2.0
17 24 (1.05%) Animation
18 23 (1.00%) Linux Command Line
19 20 (0.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 123 (5.37%) Linux
2 111 (4.84%) Android
3 98 (4.28%) Apple iOS
4 77 (3.36%) Windows
5 36 (1.57%) Unix
6 14 (0.61%) Debian
7 11 (0.48%) Windows Server
8 9 (0.39%) Ubuntu
9 8 (0.35%) CentOS
10 7 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 7 (0.31%) VMS
11 6 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.13%) tvOS
13 2 (0.087%) AIX
13 2 (0.087%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.087%) Solaris
14 1 (0.044%) Fedora
14 1 (0.044%) Windows 7
14 1 (0.044%) Windows Server 2003
14 1 (0.044%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,151 (50.22%) Agile Software Development
2 611 (26.66%) Front End Development
3 497 (21.68%) DevOps
4 448 (19.55%) Microservices
5 428 (18.67%) Software Engineering
6 391 (17.06%) OO
7 382 (16.67%) TDD
8 378 (16.49%) MVC
9 344 (15.01%) Test Automation
10 343 (14.97%) Web Development
11 307 (13.39%) Scrum
12 299 (13.05%) Continuous Integration
13 235 (10.25%) Computer Science
13 235 (10.25%) Problem-Solving
14 191 (8.33%) Mentoring
15 187 (8.16%) BDD
16 182 (7.94%) Fintech
17 170 (7.42%) CRM
18 167 (7.29%) SOLID
19 163 (7.11%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 1,962 (85.60%) JavaScript
2 678 (29.58%) C#
3 627 (27.36%) SQL
4 556 (24.26%) TypeScript
5 356 (15.53%) Java
6 300 (13.09%) PHP
7 251 (10.95%) Python
8 235 (10.25%) ES6
9 167 (7.29%) T-SQL
10 112 (4.89%) PowerShell
11 89 (3.88%) Ruby
12 73 (3.18%) Kotlin
13 63 (2.75%) Scala
14 50 (2.18%) ES7
15 44 (1.92%) Java 8
16 40 (1.75%) Objective-C
17 39 (1.70%) C++
18 36 (1.57%) C
19 34 (1.48%) Apple Swift
20 22 (0.96%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 419 (18.28%) Degree
2 133 (5.80%) Computer Science Degree
3 34 (1.48%) Security Cleared
4 32 (1.40%) SC Cleared
5 26 (1.13%) Master's Degree
6 22 (0.96%) SANS
7 11 (0.48%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 10 (0.44%) DV Cleared
9 9 (0.39%) CIW
9 9 (0.39%) OCA
9 9 (0.39%) OCP
9 9 (0.39%) Oracle Certification
9 9 (0.39%) PMI Certification
10 6 (0.26%) PhD
11 5 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
12 4 (0.17%) MOS
13 3 (0.13%) AWS Certification
13 3 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
13 3 (0.13%) Postgraduate
14 1 (0.044%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 131 (5.72%) QA
2 29 (1.27%) WCAG
3 4 (0.17%) SLA
3 4 (0.17%) WAI
4 3 (0.13%) ISO 13485
4 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.087%) GDPR
5 2 (0.087%) PSD2
6 1 (0.044%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 279 (12.17%) Docker
2 21 (0.92%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.31%) Kamailio
3 7 (0.31%) OpenSIPS
4 3 (0.13%) Firmware
5 1 (0.044%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.044%) Ceph
5 1 (0.044%) LXC
5 1 (0.044%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 181 (7.90%) Kubernetes
2 120 (5.24%) Terraform
3 80 (3.49%) Opscode Chef
4 28 (1.22%) Ansible
5 9 (0.39%) HP UCMDB
5 9 (0.39%) Puppet
6 7 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
7 6 (0.26%) Kibana
8 4 (0.17%) Prometheus
9 3 (0.13%) Grafana
9 3 (0.13%) MIIS
10 2 (0.087%) Single Sign-On
11 1 (0.044%) FortiGate
11 1 (0.044%) Galera Cluster
11 1 (0.044%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.044%) Icinga
11 1 (0.044%) OpenView
Vendors
1 294 (12.83%) Microsoft
2 117 (5.10%) Google
3 94 (4.10%) Nintex
4 81 (3.53%) Adobe
5 73 (3.18%) Oracle
6 36 (1.57%) Databricks
7 30 (1.31%) Atlassian
8 29 (1.27%) Xamarin
9 28 (1.22%) Salesforce.com
10 18 (0.79%) Apple
11 17 (0.74%) IBM
12 15 (0.65%) ServiceNow
13 14 (0.61%) Remedy
14 13 (0.57%) Zend
15 12 (0.52%) Autodesk
15 12 (0.52%) Facebook
15 12 (0.52%) Sybase
16 10 (0.44%) Sitecore
16 10 (0.44%) Sun
16 10 (0.44%) Yahoo!