Period
to 17 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 22 24 15
Rank change year-on-year +2 -9 +2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 6,817 7,440 9,034
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 10.04% 9.99% 11.68%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.53% 25.60% 28.92%
Number of salaries quoted 5,730 6,482 8,045
London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £80,000 £75,000
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 27,790 29,068 31,233
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 40.94% 39.03% 40.40%
Number of salaries quoted 22,710 23,522 27,523
London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,538 £35,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 1,678 £60,000 +9.09% 321
West London -5 257 £55,000 +10.00% 183
South London -7 163 £44,500 +4.71% 32
East London -6 109 £60,000 +14.29% 86
North London -8 28 £40,000 -8.05% 11
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 6,198 (90.92%) HTML
2 5,774 (84.70%) JavaScript
3 3,344 (49.05%) Agile Software Development
4 2,940 (43.13%) AngularJS
5 2,374 (34.82%) HTML5
6 2,220 (32.57%) .NET
7 2,217 (32.52%) C#
8 1,869 (27.42%) CSS3
9 1,847 (27.09%) MVC
10 1,835 (26.92%) SQL
11 1,783 (26.16%) React
12 1,641 (24.07%) Front End Development
13 1,639 (24.04%) jQuery
14 1,569 (23.02%) Finance
15 1,519 (22.28%) ASP.NET
16 1,473 (21.61%) Git (software)
17 1,432 (21.01%) SQL Server
18 1,347 (19.76%) Web Development
19 1,274 (18.69%) Java
20 1,254 (18.40%) TDD
21 1,166 (17.10%) User Experience
22 1,117 (16.39%) Node.js
23 1,004 (14.73%) Microsoft Azure
24 1,001 (14.68%) Scrum
25 990 (14.52%) Sass
26 983 (14.42%) Degree
27 943 (13.83%) PHP
28 937 (13.75%) ASP.NET MVC
29 934 (13.70%) Amazon AWS
30 916 (13.44%) RESTful

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 596 (8.74%) CMS
2 326 (4.78%) Elasticsearch
3 282 (4.14%) WordPress
4 247 (3.62%) SharePoint
5 181 (2.66%) Apache
6 171 (2.51%) EPiServer
7 163 (2.39%) Confluence
8 161 (2.36%) Drupal
9 137 (2.01%) Sitecore CMS
10 126 (1.85%) Umbraco
11 114 (1.67%) IIS
12 109 (1.60%) Tomcat
13 87 (1.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 62 (0.91%) Ethereum
15 61 (0.89%) Kentico
16 52 (0.76%) nginx
17 48 (0.70%) SharePoint 2013
18 40 (0.59%) Apache Spark
19 37 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
20 35 (0.51%) Marvel
Applications
1 250 (3.67%) Photoshop
2 155 (2.27%) Adobe Illustrator
3 95 (1.39%) InVision
4 90 (1.32%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 61 (0.89%) Microsoft Excel
6 25 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
7 21 (0.31%) Adobe After Effects
8 19 (0.28%) InDesign
9 15 (0.22%) Chatbot
10 13 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 8 (0.12%) Fireworks
11 8 (0.12%) UXPin
12 7 (0.10%) Flinto
12 7 (0.10%) MS Visio
13 6 (0.088%) InfoPath
13 6 (0.088%) OmniGraffle
14 4 (0.059%) Camtasia
15 3 (0.044%) GIMP
15 3 (0.044%) Microsoft Project
15 3 (0.044%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 133 (1.95%) Dynamics CRM
2 100 (1.47%) Magento
3 52 (0.76%) Eloqua
4 26 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
5 19 (0.28%) Shopify
6 16 (0.23%) Adobe Campaign
7 15 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
8 13 (0.19%) Actimize
9 8 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
9 8 (0.12%) SDL Web 8
10 7 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
10 7 (0.10%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
11 6 (0.088%) Dynamics NAV
12 5 (0.073%) Odoo
12 5 (0.073%) Oracle BPM
13 4 (0.059%) NetSuite
13 4 (0.059%) WebTrends
14 3 (0.044%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 2 (0.029%) PeopleSoft Financials
15 2 (0.029%) PeopleSoft HCM
Cloud Services
1 1,004 (14.73%) Microsoft Azure
2 934 (13.70%) Amazon AWS
3 291 (4.27%) npm
4 246 (3.61%) SaaS
5 245 (3.59%) GitHub
6 126 (1.85%) Serverless
7 107 (1.57%) Google Cloud Platform
8 73 (1.07%) PaaS
9 65 (0.95%) Amazon S3
10 63 (0.92%) Google Analytics
11 62 (0.91%) Amazon EC2
12 60 (0.88%) AWS Lambda
13 52 (0.76%) IaaS
13 52 (0.76%) Office 365
14 46 (0.67%) Cloud Computing
15 39 (0.57%) Yarn
16 37 (0.54%) Heroku
17 35 (0.51%) Adobe Analytics
18 34 (0.50%) Adobe Creative Cloud
19 33 (0.48%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 143 (2.10%) HTTP
2 119 (1.75%) Internet
3 32 (0.47%) Intranet
4 31 (0.45%) DNS
5 30 (0.44%) Firewall
6 20 (0.29%) SSL
7 19 (0.28%) TCP/IP
8 13 (0.19%) Extranet
8 13 (0.19%) SSH
9 11 (0.16%) SMS
10 6 (0.088%) DAB
10 6 (0.088%) Wireless
11 4 (0.059%) HTTPS
11 4 (0.059%) iBeacon
11 4 (0.059%) LAN
11 4 (0.059%) Skype
11 4 (0.059%) VoIP
11 4 (0.059%) VPN
12 3 (0.044%) DSL
12 3 (0.044%) EIGRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,432 (21.01%) SQL Server
2 715 (10.49%) MySQL
3 521 (7.64%) NoSQL
4 484 (7.10%) MongoDB
5 273 (4.00%) Relational Database
6 241 (3.54%) PostgreSQL
7 167 (2.45%) Blockchain
8 143 (2.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 141 (2.07%) Big Data
10 130 (1.91%) Redis
11 125 (1.83%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 106 (1.55%) SQL Server 2016
13 100 (1.47%) SQL Server 2012
14 84 (1.23%) SQL Server 2008
15 70 (1.03%) RDBMS
16 66 (0.97%) Power BI
16 66 (0.97%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 59 (0.87%) Couchbase
18 54 (0.79%) CouchDB
19 52 (0.76%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,473 (21.61%) Git (software)
2 529 (7.76%) gulp
3 478 (7.01%) Jenkins
4 476 (6.98%) webpack
5 381 (5.59%) Selenium
6 379 (5.56%) JIRA
7 378 (5.54%) Grunt
8 335 (4.91%) Team Foundation Server
9 332 (4.87%) Visual Studio
10 255 (3.74%) Mocha
11 244 (3.58%) TeamCity
12 221 (3.24%) Subversion
13 217 (3.18%) Protractor
14 211 (3.10%) Karma Test Runner
15 196 (2.88%) Jasmine
16 183 (2.68%) Octopus Deploy
17 161 (2.36%) Maven
18 144 (2.11%) JUnit
19 129 (1.89%) NUnit
20 123 (1.80%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,569 (23.02%) Finance
2 521 (7.64%) Marketing
3 513 (7.53%) Banking
4 322 (4.72%) Retail
5 301 (4.42%) Advertising
6 263 (3.86%) Games
7 146 (2.14%) Investment Banking
8 96 (1.41%) Legal
9 95 (1.39%) Financial Institution
10 93 (1.36%) Publishing
11 71 (1.04%) Telecoms
12 66 (0.97%) Law
13 56 (0.82%) Front Office
14 52 (0.76%) Back Office
15 40 (0.59%) Multimedia
16 36 (0.53%) Manufacturing
17 27 (0.40%) Automotive
18 22 (0.32%) Electronics
18 22 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
19 17 (0.25%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 4,983 (73.10%) Developer
2 1,191 (17.47%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1,080 (15.84%) .NET Developer
4 979 (14.36%) Senior Developer
5 769 (11.28%) C# Developer
6 721 (10.58%) JavaScript Developer
7 599 (8.79%) Full Stack Developer
8 492 (7.22%) Web Developer
9 478 (7.01%) Java Developer
10 465 (6.82%) C# .NET Developer
11 424 (6.22%) React Developer
12 390 (5.72%) PHP Developer
13 369 (5.41%) Software Engineer
14 366 (5.37%) Angular Developer
15 302 (4.43%) ASP.NET Developer
15 302 (4.43%) HTML Developer
16 288 (4.22%) Architect
17 284 (4.17%) Lead Developer
18 257 (3.77%) Software Developer
19 252 (3.70%) Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,198 (90.92%) HTML
2 2,940 (43.13%) AngularJS
3 2,374 (34.82%) HTML5
4 2,220 (32.57%) .NET
5 1,869 (27.42%) CSS3
6 1,783 (26.16%) React
7 1,639 (24.04%) jQuery
8 1,519 (22.28%) ASP.NET
9 1,117 (16.39%) Node.js
10 990 (14.52%) Sass
11 937 (13.75%) ASP.NET MVC
12 916 (13.44%) RESTful
13 803 (11.78%) Web Services
14 799 (11.72%) ASP.NET Web API
15 792 (11.62%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 752 (11.03%) REST
17 613 (8.99%) Redux
18 581 (8.52%) Vue.js
19 560 (8.21%) XML
20 517 (7.58%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 1,166 (17.10%) User Experience
2 528 (7.75%) Computer Science
3 492 (7.22%) Fintech
4 484 (7.10%) Greenfield Project
5 410 (6.01%) Mobile App
6 313 (4.59%) Analytical Skills
7 236 (3.46%) Self-Motivation
8 176 (2.58%) Enterprise Software
9 110 (1.61%) N-Tier
10 106 (1.55%) Hedge funds
11 87 (1.28%) Tandem
12 78 (1.14%) Data Structures
13 63 (0.92%) Virtual Team
14 58 (0.85%) Algorithms
15 57 (0.84%) Social Media
16 49 (0.72%) Blog
17 47 (0.69%) Cloud Native
18 42 (0.62%) Cyberthreat
19 40 (0.59%) Management Information System
20 39 (0.57%) Bitcoin
Operating Systems
1 510 (7.48%) Linux
2 261 (3.83%) Windows
3 250 (3.67%) Android
4 204 (2.99%) Apple iOS
5 75 (1.10%) Unix
6 63 (0.92%) Windows Server
7 35 (0.51%) Ubuntu
8 24 (0.35%) Mac OS
9 23 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
10 22 (0.32%) CentOS
10 22 (0.32%) VMS
11 18 (0.26%) openSUSE
12 11 (0.16%) Mac OS X
13 9 (0.13%) Debian
14 8 (0.12%) Nucleus RTOS
14 8 (0.12%) Solaris
15 5 (0.073%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 5 (0.073%) Windows Server 2008
16 4 (0.059%) Windows Phone
17 3 (0.044%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,344 (49.05%) Agile Software Development
2 1,847 (27.09%) MVC
3 1,641 (24.07%) Front End Development
4 1,347 (19.76%) Web Development
5 1,254 (18.40%) TDD
6 1,001 (14.68%) Scrum
7 894 (13.11%) Software Engineering
8 799 (11.72%) OO
9 747 (10.96%) Problem-Solving
10 685 (10.05%) Test Automation
11 674 (9.89%) Microservices
12 624 (9.15%) DevOps
13 606 (8.89%) Continuous Integration
14 574 (8.42%) BDD
15 557 (8.17%) E-Commerce
16 526 (7.72%) Web Application Development
17 507 (7.44%) Unit Testing
18 435 (6.38%) Analytics
19 422 (6.19%) Responsive Web Design
20 375 (5.50%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 5,774 (84.70%) JavaScript
2 2,217 (32.52%) C#
3 1,835 (26.92%) SQL
4 1,274 (18.69%) Java
5 943 (13.83%) PHP
6 587 (8.61%) ES6
7 546 (8.01%) Python
8 403 (5.91%) TypeScript
9 373 (5.47%) T-SQL
10 268 (3.93%) Ruby
11 196 (2.88%) Java 8
12 138 (2.02%) Scala
13 121 (1.77%) C++
14 115 (1.69%) PowerShell
15 100 (1.47%) PL/SQL
16 90 (1.32%) VB.NET
17 89 (1.31%) C
18 69 (1.01%) ES7
19 67 (0.98%) Bash Shell
20 65 (0.95%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 983 (14.42%) Degree
2 315 (4.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 62 (0.91%) Security Cleared
4 49 (0.72%) SC Cleared
5 44 (0.65%) SAFe Agilist
6 36 (0.53%) PhD
7 26 (0.38%) Master's Degree
8 18 (0.26%) DV Cleared
9 17 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
10 15 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
11 10 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
12 9 (0.13%) CCNA
13 7 (0.10%) ITIL Certification
14 6 (0.088%) ISTQB
15 5 (0.073%) AWS Certification
15 5 (0.073%) ISEB
15 5 (0.073%) PMI Certification
16 4 (0.059%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 4 (0.059%) MCSD
17 3 (0.044%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 313 (4.59%) QA
2 43 (0.63%) WCAG
3 32 (0.47%) GDPR
4 31 (0.45%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.10%) WAI
6 5 (0.073%) SLA
7 4 (0.059%) JSP 440
8 3 (0.044%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.029%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.029%) PMO
10 1 (0.015%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.015%) HL7
10 1 (0.015%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.015%) Section 508
System Software
1 434 (6.37%) Docker
2 57 (0.84%) Active Directory
3 34 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
4 22 (0.32%) GridGain
5 10 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.059%) Varnish
7 3 (0.044%) HDFS
7 3 (0.044%) KVM
7 3 (0.044%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.029%) Firmware
9 1 (0.015%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.015%) Forefront TMG
9 1 (0.015%) Squid
9 1 (0.015%) Terminal Services
9 1 (0.015%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.015%) Xen
Systems Management
1 134 (1.97%) Kubernetes
2 75 (1.10%) Opscode Chef
3 73 (1.07%) Ansible
4 69 (1.01%) Puppet
5 58 (0.85%) Terraform
6 32 (0.47%) Docker Swarm
7 25 (0.37%) Salt
8 18 (0.26%) Kibana
9 15 (0.22%) Prometheus
9 15 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
10 13 (0.19%) HP Quality Center
10 13 (0.19%) logstash
11 9 (0.13%) Graphite
11 9 (0.13%) Nagios
12 6 (0.088%) cPanel
12 6 (0.088%) Grafana
12 6 (0.088%) HAProxy
12 6 (0.088%) ZABBIX
13 4 (0.059%) LiteSpeed
14 3 (0.044%) SCCM
Vendors
1 709 (10.40%) Microsoft
2 317 (4.65%) Adobe
3 313 (4.59%) Oracle
4 262 (3.84%) Google
5 180 (2.64%) Sitecore
6 118 (1.73%) Salesforce.com
7 87 (1.28%) Nintex
8 67 (0.98%) Tableau
9 58 (0.85%) Marketo
10 57 (0.84%) ServiceNow
11 48 (0.70%) Xamarin
12 47 (0.69%) IBM
12 47 (0.69%) Splunk
13 44 (0.65%) Zend
14 39 (0.57%) Facebook
15 37 (0.54%) Alias
15 37 (0.54%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
16 33 (0.48%) SAP
17 30 (0.44%) hybris
18 27 (0.40%) Apple