Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 27 33 27
Rank change year-on-year +6 -6 -5
Permanent jobs citing CSS 4,047 2,124 4,749
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 8.93% 7.46% 8.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.72% 17.62% 21.33%
Number of salaries quoted 2,034 1,739 4,138
10th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £36,250
25th Percentile £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £64,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +0.78% +7.50% +4.35%
75th Percentile £80,000 £78,750 £75,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £91,250 £90,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,617 12,057 22,266
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 47.70% 42.35% 38.98%
Number of salaries quoted 12,722 10,077 18,843
10th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £40,000
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,931 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +8.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £108,750 £107,500 £97,500
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +10.00%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -6 477 £67,500 - 224
West London +15 166 £57,500 -8.00% 83
South London +20 65 £60,000 +1.26% 11
North London +27 17 £31,500 -37.00% 11
East London -17 11 £53,750 +10.29% 52
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 3,468 (85.69%) HTML
2 3,401 (84.04%) JavaScript
3 2,378 (58.76%) React
4 1,899 (46.92%) Agile Software Development
5 1,293 (31.95%) AngularJS
6 1,279 (31.60%) User Experience
7 1,276 (31.53%) Front End Development
8 1,272 (31.43%) TypeScript
9 1,231 (30.42%) Node.js
10 1,200 (29.65%) HTML5
11 1,192 (29.45%) Git (software)
12 1,026 (25.35%) Full Stack Development
13 940 (23.23%) Finance
14 916 (22.63%) SQL
15 887 (21.92%) C#
16 873 (21.57%) CSS3
17 870 (21.50%) Social Skills
18 831 (20.53%) Software Engineering
19 816 (20.16%) .NET
20 766 (18.93%) AWS
21 754 (18.63%) Sass
22 751 (18.56%) TDD
23 723 (17.87%) Azure
24 711 (17.57%) REST
25 689 (17.02%) Vue.js
26 676 (16.70%) Java
27 647 (15.99%) Docker
28 643 (15.89%) DevOps
29 627 (15.49%) Microservices
30 570 (14.08%) RESTful

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 314 (7.76%) CMS
2 172 (4.25%) WordPress
3 141 (3.48%) Confluence
4 140 (3.46%) Elasticsearch
5 127 (3.14%) SharePoint
6 85 (2.10%) Drupal
7 80 (1.98%) Apache
8 58 (1.43%) Apache Spark
9 46 (1.14%) nginx
10 43 (1.06%) Apache Solr
10 43 (1.06%) IIS
11 38 (0.94%) Tomcat
12 34 (0.84%) Headless CMS
13 32 (0.79%) IBM Domino
14 31 (0.77%) Kentico
15 27 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
16 17 (0.42%) Moodle
16 17 (0.42%) Tornado
16 17 (0.42%) Umbraco
17 16 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 128 (3.16%) Sketch
2 93 (2.30%) Figma
3 68 (1.68%) InVision
4 64 (1.58%) Photoshop
5 50 (1.24%) Adobe Illustrator
6 48 (1.19%) Adobe XD
7 45 (1.11%) Microsoft Office
8 27 (0.67%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 24 (0.59%) Zeplin
10 21 (0.52%) Chatbot
11 18 (0.44%) Adobe After Effects
11 18 (0.44%) GIMP
12 14 (0.35%) UXPin
13 13 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
14 8 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
15 6 (0.15%) CINEMA 4D
15 6 (0.15%) InDesign
15 6 (0.15%) Marvel
15 6 (0.15%) Revit
16 5 (0.12%) Blender
Business Applications
1 71 (1.75%) Shopify
2 70 (1.73%) Dynamics CRM
3 57 (1.41%) Magento
4 20 (0.49%) Payment Gateway
5 9 (0.22%) WebTrends
6 6 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
7 5 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
7 5 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 3 (0.074%) Sage 300 ERP
8 3 (0.074%) Sage CRM
9 2 (0.049%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.049%) SDL Web 8
9 2 (0.049%) Sentinel
9 2 (0.049%) SessionCam
9 2 (0.049%) StreamServe
9 2 (0.049%) Summit
9 2 (0.049%) Workfront
10 1 (0.025%) Adobe Campaign
10 1 (0.025%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 1 (0.025%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 766 (18.93%) AWS
2 723 (17.87%) Azure
3 363 (8.97%) SaaS
4 347 (8.57%) Serverless
5 287 (7.09%) GitHub
6 238 (5.88%) npm
7 235 (5.81%) GCP
8 209 (5.16%) AWS Lambda
9 132 (3.26%) PaaS
10 131 (3.24%) Amazon S3
11 106 (2.62%) Amazon EC2
12 94 (2.32%) Power Platform
13 90 (2.22%) AWS CloudFormation
14 85 (2.10%) Azure Functions
15 75 (1.85%) Yarn
16 65 (1.61%) Azure Service Bus
17 64 (1.58%) Azure Key Vault
18 62 (1.53%) Heroku
19 58 (1.43%) PowerApps
20 54 (1.33%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 140 (3.46%) HTTP
2 69 (1.70%) Internet
3 35 (0.86%) DNS
4 24 (0.59%) Broadband
5 17 (0.42%) Extranet
6 15 (0.37%) SSL
7 14 (0.35%) Firewall
8 13 (0.32%) SMS
9 11 (0.27%) TCP/IP
10 9 (0.22%) Intranet
10 9 (0.22%) VPN
11 7 (0.17%) Network Security
11 7 (0.17%) VoIP
12 5 (0.12%) Wireless
12 5 (0.12%) Wireshark
13 4 (0.099%) DAB
13 4 (0.099%) DHCP
13 4 (0.099%) LAN
13 4 (0.099%) RTP
13 4 (0.099%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 496 (12.26%) SQL Server
2 428 (10.58%) MySQL
3 348 (8.60%) PostgreSQL
4 317 (7.83%) NoSQL
5 238 (5.88%) Relational Database
6 222 (5.49%) MongoDB
7 195 (4.82%) Redis
8 98 (2.42%) Big Data
9 76 (1.88%) Amazon RDS
10 57 (1.41%) Power BI
11 46 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 46 (1.14%) Azure SQL Database
12 36 (0.89%) Amazon Aurora
12 36 (0.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 30 (0.74%) Hadoop
14 27 (0.67%) Oracle Database
14 27 (0.67%) SQL Server 2019
14 27 (0.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 24 (0.59%) Blockchain
15 24 (0.59%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 1,192 (29.45%) Git (software)
2 518 (12.80%) webpack
3 328 (8.10%) JIRA
4 241 (5.96%) Jenkins
5 221 (5.46%) gulp
6 217 (5.36%) Cypress.io
7 155 (3.83%) Visual Studio
8 146 (3.61%) Jasmine
9 130 (3.21%) Bitbucket
10 122 (3.01%) Mocha
11 108 (2.67%) Babel
12 107 (2.64%) Selenium
13 95 (2.35%) GitLab
13 95 (2.35%) Storybook
14 81 (2.00%) Grunt
15 78 (1.93%) PostCSS
16 71 (1.75%) NUnit
16 71 (1.75%) Team Foundation Server
17 69 (1.70%) JUnit
18 64 (1.58%) Maven
General
1 940 (23.23%) Finance
2 870 (21.50%) Social Skills
3 388 (9.59%) Marketing
4 283 (6.99%) Retail
5 230 (5.68%) Analytical Skills
6 225 (5.56%) Banking
7 185 (4.57%) Games
8 109 (2.69%) Public Sector
9 96 (2.37%) Publishing
10 90 (2.22%) Advertising
11 71 (1.75%) Manufacturing
12 67 (1.66%) Legal
13 62 (1.53%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 61 (1.51%) Telecoms
15 55 (1.36%) Presentation Skills
16 51 (1.26%) Back Office
17 50 (1.24%) Organisational Skills
18 39 (0.96%) Financial Institution
19 38 (0.94%) Automotive
20 34 (0.84%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 2,587 (63.92%) Developer
2 869 (21.47%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 675 (16.68%) Senior Developer
4 465 (11.49%) Full Stack Developer
5 385 (9.51%) Software Engineer
6 343 (8.48%) React Developer
7 267 (6.60%) .NET Developer
8 251 (6.20%) Senior Front-End Developer
9 209 (5.16%) JavaScript Developer
10 190 (4.69%) Angular Developer
11 179 (4.42%) C# Developer
12 148 (3.66%) Software Developer
13 136 (3.36%) PHP Developer
14 135 (3.34%) Web Developer
15 128 (3.16%) UI Developer
16 124 (3.06%) Java Developer
17 119 (2.94%) Senior Software Engineer
18 118 (2.92%) Senior Full Stack Developer
19 116 (2.87%) C# .NET Developer
20 105 (2.59%) Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,468 (85.69%) HTML
2 2,378 (58.76%) React
3 1,293 (31.95%) AngularJS
4 1,231 (30.42%) Node.js
5 1,200 (29.65%) HTML5
6 873 (21.57%) CSS3
7 816 (20.16%) .NET
8 754 (18.63%) Sass
9 711 (17.57%) REST
10 689 (17.02%) Vue.js
11 570 (14.08%) RESTful
12 545 (13.47%) Redux
13 474 (11.71%) jQuery
14 463 (11.44%) Jest
15 417 (10.30%) Web Services
16 377 (9.32%) .NET Core
17 344 (8.50%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 341 (8.43%) GraphQL
19 338 (8.35%) React Native
20 314 (7.76%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 1,279 (31.60%) User Experience
2 338 (8.35%) Mobile App
3 172 (4.25%) Greenfield Project
4 167 (4.13%) Self-Motivation
5 147 (3.63%) Virtual Team
6 98 (2.42%) Blog
7 94 (2.32%) Legacy Systems
8 86 (2.13%) Data Structures
9 79 (1.95%) Enterprise Software
10 77 (1.90%) Algorithms
11 73 (1.80%) Client/Server
12 70 (1.73%) N-Tier
13 69 (1.70%) Hedge funds
14 61 (1.51%) Social Media
14 61 (1.51%) Social Network
15 55 (1.36%) Cloud Native
16 51 (1.26%) W3C
17 44 (1.09%) Animation
18 41 (1.01%) Web 2.0
19 40 (0.99%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 242 (5.98%) Linux
2 179 (4.42%) Android
3 157 (3.88%) Apple iOS
4 153 (3.78%) Windows
5 59 (1.46%) Unix
6 18 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.25%) Windows Server
8 8 (0.20%) Debian
8 8 (0.20%) Ubuntu
9 7 (0.17%) tvOS
10 5 (0.12%) CentOS
11 4 (0.099%) Mac OS X
11 4 (0.099%) Tizen
11 4 (0.099%) webOS
11 4 (0.099%) Windows 10
11 4 (0.099%) Windows Server 2012
11 4 (0.099%) Windows Server 2019
12 3 (0.074%) Windows 7
12 3 (0.074%) Windows Server 2003
12 3 (0.074%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,899 (46.92%) Agile Software Development
2 1,276 (31.53%) Front End Development
3 1,026 (25.35%) Full Stack Development
4 831 (20.53%) Software Engineering
5 751 (18.56%) TDD
6 643 (15.89%) DevOps
7 627 (15.49%) Microservices
8 552 (13.64%) Web Development
9 544 (13.44%) Problem-Solving
10 527 (13.02%) Scrum
11 522 (12.90%) Test Automation
12 521 (12.87%) Continuous Integration
13 463 (11.44%) OO
14 430 (10.63%) Computer Science
15 414 (10.23%) Mentoring
15 414 (10.23%) MVC
16 385 (9.51%) E-Commerce
17 333 (8.23%) Unit Testing
18 324 (8.01%) Responsive Web Design
19 323 (7.98%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 3,401 (84.04%) JavaScript
2 1,272 (31.43%) TypeScript
3 916 (22.63%) SQL
4 887 (21.92%) C#
5 676 (16.70%) Java
6 558 (13.79%) ES6
7 499 (12.33%) PHP
8 495 (12.23%) Python
9 177 (4.37%) T-SQL
10 155 (3.83%) Ruby
11 113 (2.79%) PowerShell
12 104 (2.57%) Java 8
13 103 (2.55%) Kotlin
14 90 (2.22%) Elm
15 89 (2.20%) Go
15 89 (2.20%) Scala
16 86 (2.13%) ES7
17 67 (1.66%) C++
18 56 (1.38%) C
19 49 (1.21%) Elixir
Qualifications
1 524 (12.95%) Degree
2 213 (5.26%) Computer Science Degree
3 46 (1.14%) Master's Degree
4 31 (0.77%) Security Cleared
5 28 (0.69%) PhD
5 28 (0.69%) SC Cleared
6 25 (0.62%) SANS
7 19 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
8 11 (0.27%) DV Cleared
9 9 (0.22%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 8 (0.20%) DBS Check
11 7 (0.17%) CIW
11 7 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.17%) OCA
11 7 (0.17%) OCP
11 7 (0.17%) Oracle Certification
12 5 (0.12%) AWS Certification
13 4 (0.099%) MCSA
13 4 (0.099%) MOS
13 4 (0.099%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 404 (9.98%) Accessibility
2 244 (6.03%) QA
3 67 (1.66%) WCAG
4 15 (0.37%) GDPR
5 12 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (0.25%) WAI
7 8 (0.20%) Data Quality
8 6 (0.15%) PCI DSS
9 4 (0.099%) IEC 62304
9 4 (0.099%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.025%) SLA
System Software
1 647 (15.99%) Docker
2 16 (0.40%) Active Directory
3 13 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 7 (0.17%) Ceph
4 7 (0.17%) Varnish
5 4 (0.099%) Hyper-V
5 4 (0.099%) Kamailio
5 4 (0.099%) OpenSIPS
6 2 (0.049%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.025%) LXC
7 1 (0.025%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 431 (10.65%) Kubernetes
2 187 (4.62%) Terraform
3 84 (2.08%) Opscode Chef
4 49 (1.21%) Ansible
5 29 (0.72%) Grafana
6 26 (0.64%) Graphite
6 26 (0.64%) Graylog
6 26 (0.64%) Opsgenie
7 20 (0.49%) Hadoop YARN
8 12 (0.30%) Bugsnag
9 9 (0.22%) Docker Swarm
10 7 (0.17%) Galera Cluster
11 6 (0.15%) HP UCMDB
11 6 (0.15%) Puppet
11 6 (0.15%) Rancher
12 4 (0.099%) Argo
12 4 (0.099%) Business Desktop Deployment
12 4 (0.099%) MIIS
12 4 (0.099%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.074%) Istio
Vendors
1 338 (8.35%) Microsoft
2 252 (6.23%) Google
3 161 (3.98%) Adobe
3 161 (3.98%) Oracle
4 90 (2.22%) Salesforce.com
5 54 (1.33%) Nintex
6 53 (1.31%) Atlassian
7 51 (1.26%) Apple
8 38 (0.94%) Sony
9 36 (0.89%) Samsung
10 29 (0.72%) Netlify
11 26 (0.64%) OutSystems
12 25 (0.62%) IBM
12 25 (0.62%) Splunk
12 25 (0.62%) Yahoo!
13 20 (0.49%) ServiceNow
13 20 (0.49%) Xamarin
14 19 (0.47%) BT
15 18 (0.44%) SAP
15 18 (0.44%) Sitecore