Period
to 24 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 24 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
24 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 28 22 19
Rank change year-on-year -6 -3 -3
Permanent jobs citing CSS 4,083 5,818 6,933
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 7.98% 9.22% 9.89%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 19.60% 22.70% 25.01%
Number of salaries quoted 3,527 4,757 6,105
London median annual salary £61,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.67% +9.09% +4.76%
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £80,000
England median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 20,830 25,628 27,724
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 40.70% 40.63% 39.57%
Number of salaries quoted 17,211 21,140 23,165
London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £41,750 £38,750 £36,925
90th Percentile £105,000 £95,000 £90,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 24 January 2020.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 24 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 1,038 £65,000 +4.00% 283
West London 0 220 £60,000 +9.09% 118
South London -16 119 £50,000 +13.64% 31
East London -5 33 £49,971 -11.16% 52
North London -5 18 £55,000 +37.50% 14
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 24 January 2020, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 3,702 (90.67%) HTML
2 3,430 (84.01%) JavaScript
3 1,879 (46.02%) Agile Software Development
4 1,442 (35.32%) React
5 1,432 (35.07%) AngularJS
6 1,365 (33.43%) HTML5
7 1,265 (30.98%) C#
8 1,195 (29.27%) .NET
9 1,146 (28.07%) Front End Development
10 969 (23.73%) CSS3
11 944 (23.12%) MVC
12 890 (21.80%) User Experience
13 887 (21.72%) Git (software)
14 862 (21.11%) SQL
15 825 (20.21%) Finance
16 791 (19.37%) TDD
17 785 (19.23%) ASP.NET
18 782 (19.15%) SQL Server
19 763 (18.69%) Node.js
20 670 (16.41%) jQuery
21 655 (16.04%) Web Development
22 647 (15.85%) AWS
23 636 (15.58%) Azure
24 632 (15.48%) Sass
25 621 (15.21%) Java
26 609 (14.92%) REST
27 595 (14.57%) Degree
28 579 (14.18%) DevOps
29 551 (13.49%) Scrum
30 541 (13.25%) Software Engineering

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 216 (5.29%) CMS
2 169 (4.14%) Elasticsearch
3 114 (2.79%) WordPress
4 111 (2.72%) SharePoint
5 88 (2.16%) Confluence
6 66 (1.62%) Umbraco
7 59 (1.45%) EPiServer
8 57 (1.40%) Drupal
8 57 (1.40%) IIS
9 44 (1.08%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 43 (1.05%) Tomcat
11 38 (0.93%) nginx
11 38 (0.93%) Sitecore CMS
12 35 (0.86%) Apache
13 28 (0.69%) Apache Spark
14 27 (0.66%) Kentico
15 22 (0.54%) ArcGIS
15 22 (0.54%) DNN
16 21 (0.51%) Sitefinity
17 20 (0.49%) Oracle Spatial
Applications
1 113 (2.77%) Sketch
2 89 (2.18%) Photoshop
3 74 (1.81%) InVision
4 58 (1.42%) Adobe Illustrator
5 55 (1.35%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 38 (0.93%) Microsoft Excel
7 32 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
8 30 (0.73%) Adobe XD
9 26 (0.64%) Zeplin
10 18 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 15 (0.37%) Chatbot
12 12 (0.29%) InDesign
13 11 (0.27%) Fireworks
14 10 (0.24%) Adobe After Effects
14 10 (0.24%) Figma
15 8 (0.20%) UXPin
16 6 (0.15%) Adobe Premiere
16 6 (0.15%) OmniGraffle
17 5 (0.12%) Acrobat
17 5 (0.12%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 43 (1.05%) Dynamics CRM
2 29 (0.71%) Magento
3 19 (0.47%) SAP Hybris
4 15 (0.37%) Shopify
5 10 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
6 8 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
7 6 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 3 (0.073%) Dynamics NAV
8 3 (0.073%) SAP Business One
9 2 (0.049%) Adobe Campaign
9 2 (0.049%) Distributed Ledger
9 2 (0.049%) Eloqua
9 2 (0.049%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.049%) OpenText MBPM
9 2 (0.049%) Oracle BPM
9 2 (0.049%) R3 Corda
9 2 (0.049%) StreamServe
10 1 (0.024%) Endur
10 1 (0.024%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 647 (15.85%) AWS
2 636 (15.58%) Azure
3 173 (4.24%) npm
4 170 (4.16%) SaaS
5 149 (3.65%) Serverless
6 121 (2.96%) GitHub
7 105 (2.57%) AWS Lambda
8 93 (2.28%) GCP
9 83 (2.03%) PaaS
10 60 (1.47%) Amazon EC2
11 57 (1.40%) Office 365
12 56 (1.37%) Amazon ECS
13 49 (1.20%) Amazon SQS
14 48 (1.18%) Amazon S3
15 47 (1.15%) Power Platform
16 40 (0.98%) Google Analytics
17 37 (0.91%) PowerApps
18 33 (0.81%) Azure Functions
19 31 (0.76%) Yarn
20 29 (0.71%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 100 (2.45%) HTTP
2 95 (2.33%) Internet
3 22 (0.54%) Intranet
3 22 (0.54%) SSL
4 21 (0.51%) VPN
5 16 (0.39%) DNS
6 5 (0.12%) SSH
7 4 (0.098%) Firewall
7 4 (0.098%) FTP
7 4 (0.098%) HTTPS
7 4 (0.098%) TCP/IP
7 4 (0.098%) VoIP
8 3 (0.073%) AMQP
8 3 (0.073%) WebEx
9 2 (0.049%) Network Security
9 2 (0.049%) Remote Desktop
10 1 (0.024%) Cisco ASA
10 1 (0.024%) Cisco Nexus
10 1 (0.024%) Unified Communications
10 1 (0.024%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 782 (19.15%) SQL Server
2 265 (6.49%) MySQL
3 240 (5.88%) NoSQL
4 180 (4.41%) PostgreSQL
5 128 (3.13%) Relational Database
6 125 (3.06%) MongoDB
7 105 (2.57%) Redis
8 82 (2.01%) Big Data
9 64 (1.57%) SQL Server 2016
10 63 (1.54%) SQL Server 2012
11 56 (1.37%) Amazon RDS
12 48 (1.18%) Azure SQL Database
13 47 (1.15%) Cosmos DB
14 44 (1.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 43 (1.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 41 (1.00%) SQL Server 2008
17 39 (0.96%) GIS
18 36 (0.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 28 (0.69%) Hadoop
20 23 (0.56%) RavenDB
Development Applications
1 887 (21.72%) Git (software)
2 302 (7.40%) webpack
3 243 (5.95%) Jenkins
4 204 (5.00%) JIRA
5 195 (4.78%) gulp
6 158 (3.87%) Grunt
7 151 (3.70%) Jasmine
8 136 (3.33%) Selenium
9 132 (3.23%) Visual Studio
10 91 (2.23%) Bitbucket
10 91 (2.23%) Mocha
11 81 (1.98%) Karma Test Runner
12 70 (1.71%) Team Foundation Server
12 70 (1.71%) TeamCity
13 63 (1.54%) GitLab
14 60 (1.47%) Octopus Deploy
15 59 (1.45%) JUnit
15 59 (1.45%) Maven
15 59 (1.45%) NUnit
16 56 (1.37%) Protractor
General
1 825 (20.21%) Finance
2 352 (8.62%) Marketing
3 243 (5.95%) Retail
4 218 (5.34%) Banking
5 145 (3.55%) Advertising
6 126 (3.09%) Games
7 56 (1.37%) Law
8 46 (1.13%) Investment Banking
9 40 (0.98%) Publishing
10 36 (0.88%) Multimedia
11 29 (0.71%) Front Office
11 29 (0.71%) Public Sector
12 28 (0.69%) Back Office
13 26 (0.64%) Manufacturing
14 25 (0.61%) Legal
15 24 (0.59%) Financial Institution
16 22 (0.54%) Automotive
17 18 (0.44%) Telecoms
18 15 (0.37%) Music Industry
19 11 (0.27%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 3,004 (73.57%) Developer
2 955 (23.39%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 701 (17.17%) Senior Developer
4 555 (13.59%) .NET Developer
5 484 (11.85%) React Developer
6 466 (11.41%) JavaScript Developer
7 348 (8.52%) C# Developer
8 294 (7.20%) Full Stack Developer
9 278 (6.81%) Senior Front-End Developer
10 239 (5.85%) C# .NET Developer
11 212 (5.19%) Java Developer
12 192 (4.70%) Software Engineer
13 191 (4.68%) Angular Developer
14 186 (4.56%) Web Developer
15 172 (4.21%) UI Developer
16 168 (4.11%) Designer
17 154 (3.77%) PHP Developer
18 145 (3.55%) Software Developer
19 141 (3.45%) HTML Developer
20 140 (3.43%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,702 (90.67%) HTML
2 1,442 (35.32%) React
3 1,432 (35.07%) AngularJS
4 1,365 (33.43%) HTML5
5 1,195 (29.27%) .NET
6 969 (23.73%) CSS3
7 785 (19.23%) ASP.NET
8 763 (18.69%) Node.js
9 670 (16.41%) jQuery
10 632 (15.48%) Sass
11 609 (14.92%) REST
12 491 (12.03%) Redux
13 479 (11.73%) ASP.NET MVC
14 466 (11.41%) RESTful
15 436 (10.68%) Web Services
16 399 (9.77%) ASP.NET Web API
17 397 (9.72%) Vue.js
18 350 (8.57%) .NET Framework
19 323 (7.91%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 323 (7.91%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 890 (21.80%) User Experience
2 244 (5.98%) Greenfield Project
3 238 (5.83%) Analytical Skills
4 216 (5.29%) Mobile App
5 104 (2.55%) Enterprise Software
6 93 (2.28%) Algorithms
7 92 (2.25%) Hedge funds
8 81 (1.98%) Self-Motivation
9 66 (1.62%) Data Structures
10 54 (1.32%) Tandem
11 53 (1.30%) Social Media
12 50 (1.22%) Management Information System
13 39 (0.96%) iPad
14 37 (0.91%) Client/Server
15 35 (0.86%) Graphic Design
15 35 (0.86%) N-Tier
16 34 (0.83%) Linux Command Line
17 30 (0.73%) Blog
18 29 (0.71%) Cloud Native
18 29 (0.71%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 272 (6.66%) Linux
2 165 (4.04%) Windows
3 117 (2.87%) Apple iOS
4 115 (2.82%) Android
5 87 (2.13%) Unix
6 54 (1.32%) Mac OS X
7 28 (0.69%) CentOS
8 18 (0.44%) Fedora
9 17 (0.42%) VMS
10 16 (0.39%) Windows Server
11 11 (0.27%) Mac OS
11 11 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
12 9 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
13 4 (0.098%) Windows 10
14 3 (0.073%) Ubuntu
14 3 (0.073%) Windows 7
14 3 (0.073%) Windows Server 2003
15 2 (0.049%) Debian
15 2 (0.049%) Windows 2000
15 2 (0.049%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,879 (46.02%) Agile Software Development
2 1,146 (28.07%) Front End Development
3 944 (23.12%) MVC
4 791 (19.37%) TDD
5 655 (16.04%) Web Development
6 579 (14.18%) DevOps
7 551 (13.49%) Scrum
8 541 (13.25%) Software Engineering
9 502 (12.29%) OO
10 501 (12.27%) Computer Science
11 430 (10.53%) Problem-Solving
12 392 (9.60%) Continuous Integration
13 366 (8.96%) Unit Testing
14 362 (8.87%) Microservices
15 353 (8.65%) BDD
16 348 (8.52%) Fintech
17 328 (8.03%) Test Automation
18 317 (7.76%) E-Commerce
19 314 (7.69%) Mentoring
20 254 (6.22%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 3,430 (84.01%) JavaScript
2 1,265 (30.98%) C#
3 862 (21.11%) SQL
4 621 (15.21%) Java
5 540 (13.23%) TypeScript
6 464 (11.36%) PHP
7 452 (11.07%) ES6
8 427 (10.46%) Python
9 211 (5.17%) T-SQL
10 105 (2.57%) Ruby
11 104 (2.55%) Java 8
12 76 (1.86%) PowerShell
13 56 (1.37%) ES7
14 54 (1.32%) Scala
15 45 (1.10%) Kotlin
16 43 (1.05%) C
17 37 (0.91%) XPath
18 34 (0.83%) Bash Shell
18 34 (0.83%) Java 9
19 30 (0.73%) C++
Qualifications
1 595 (14.57%) Degree
2 275 (6.74%) Computer Science Degree
3 31 (0.76%) Microsoft Certification
4 20 (0.49%) MCSD
5 17 (0.42%) Master's Degree
6 14 (0.34%) Security Cleared
7 11 (0.27%) SC Cleared
8 9 (0.22%) MCP
9 7 (0.17%) Postgraduate
10 6 (0.15%) MCAD
10 6 (0.15%) MCPD
10 6 (0.15%) MCTS
11 5 (0.12%) DBS Check
12 4 (0.098%) AWS Certification
12 4 (0.098%) PMI Certification
12 4 (0.098%) PMP
13 3 (0.073%) HND
13 3 (0.073%) PhD
14 2 (0.049%) ISTQB
14 2 (0.049%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 225 (5.51%) QA
2 31 (0.76%) SLA
3 19 (0.47%) GDPR
4 13 (0.32%) WCAG
5 6 (0.15%) PMO
6 4 (0.098%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.049%) RMADS
8 1 (0.024%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.024%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.024%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.024%) WAI
System Software
1 452 (11.07%) Docker
2 10 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
3 9 (0.22%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.22%) Forefront TMG
4 3 (0.073%) LXC
5 1 (0.024%) Cronacle
5 1 (0.024%) Varnish
5 1 (0.024%) vCloud
5 1 (0.024%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 212 (5.19%) Kubernetes
2 83 (2.03%) Terraform
3 30 (0.73%) Ansible
4 28 (0.69%) Opscode Chef
5 20 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
6 19 (0.47%) Mesos
7 18 (0.44%) Kibana
8 14 (0.34%) SCCM
9 11 (0.27%) logstash
10 8 (0.20%) HAProxy
11 7 (0.17%) Puppet
12 6 (0.15%) Matomo
13 4 (0.098%) HP Quality Center
14 3 (0.073%) Grafana
15 1 (0.024%) Docker Swarm
15 1 (0.024%) FortiGate
15 1 (0.024%) HP UCMDB
15 1 (0.024%) McAfee ePO
15 1 (0.024%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 455 (11.14%) Microsoft
2 197 (4.82%) Adobe
3 182 (4.46%) Oracle
4 176 (4.31%) Google
5 82 (2.01%) Salesforce.com
6 70 (1.71%) Sitecore
7 55 (1.35%) Zend
8 43 (1.05%) ServiceNow
9 42 (1.03%) SAP
10 35 (0.86%) Facebook
11 33 (0.81%) Atlassian
12 30 (0.73%) Xamarin
13 24 (0.59%) hybris
14 23 (0.56%) ESRI
14 23 (0.56%) Tableau
15 22 (0.54%) Red Hat
16 21 (0.51%) Demandware
17 20 (0.49%) Alterian
17 20 (0.49%) YouTube
18 19 (0.47%) RedGate