Period
to 21 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 21 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
21 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 25 19 17
Rank change year-on-year -6 -2 -1
Permanent jobs citing CSS 5,153 6,891 7,645
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 8.49% 9.84% 11.14%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 21.20% 24.60% 27.67%
Number of salaries quoted 4,269 5,987 6,608
London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £81,250 £77,500
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,302 28,012 27,632
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 40.03% 40.01% 40.28%
Number of salaries quoted 20,155 23,466 23,843
London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £35,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £91,250 £87,500
England median annual salary £53,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +6.00% +5.26% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 21 April 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 21 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -5 1,210 £65,000 +18.18% 94
West London +9 297 £55,000 +10.00% 32
South London -15 137 £45,000 +5.88% 16
East London -12 34 £55,000 +10.00% 17
North London -6 20 £45,000 -5.26% 4
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 21 April 2019, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 4,675 (90.72%) HTML
2 4,470 (86.75%) JavaScript
3 2,491 (48.34%) Agile Software Development
4 2,069 (40.15%) AngularJS
5 1,743 (33.82%) C#
6 1,691 (32.82%) .NET
7 1,522 (29.54%) HTML5
8 1,361 (26.41%) Front End Development
9 1,307 (25.36%) React
10 1,253 (24.32%) MVC
11 1,249 (24.24%) SQL
12 1,145 (22.22%) ASP.NET
13 1,127 (21.87%) Git (software)
14 1,108 (21.50%) jQuery
15 1,081 (20.98%) CSS3
16 1,028 (19.95%) SQL Server
17 1,012 (19.64%) Finance
18 902 (17.50%) User Experience
19 894 (17.35%) Web Development
20 845 (16.40%) PHP
21 832 (16.15%) TDD
22 809 (15.70%) Node.js
23 788 (15.29%) Java
24 766 (14.87%) Microsoft Azure
25 763 (14.81%) Scrum
26 741 (14.38%) Web Services
27 704 (13.66%) ASP.NET Web API
28 698 (13.55%) ASP.NET MVC
29 683 (13.25%) Amazon AWS
30 654 (12.69%) Software Engineering

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 319 (6.19%) CMS
2 272 (5.28%) Elasticsearch
3 198 (3.84%) WordPress
4 127 (2.46%) Confluence
5 122 (2.37%) SharePoint
6 121 (2.35%) Apache
7 112 (2.17%) Umbraco
8 101 (1.96%) IIS
9 90 (1.75%) Drupal
10 78 (1.51%) Tomcat
11 60 (1.16%) Sitecore CMS
12 48 (0.93%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 38 (0.74%) JBoss
14 35 (0.68%) EPiServer
15 32 (0.62%) nginx
15 32 (0.62%) WebSphere
16 30 (0.58%) Kentico
17 24 (0.47%) Apache Spark
17 24 (0.47%) DNN
18 22 (0.43%) Sitefinity
Applications
1 171 (3.32%) Photoshop
2 116 (2.25%) Adobe Illustrator
3 77 (1.49%) InVision
4 46 (0.89%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 46 (0.89%) Microsoft Office
5 34 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
6 18 (0.35%) Adobe After Effects
7 16 (0.31%) AutoCAD
8 15 (0.29%) OmniGraffle
9 13 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 10 (0.19%) MS Visio
11 9 (0.17%) InDesign
12 8 (0.16%) Fireworks
13 7 (0.14%) Chatbot
14 5 (0.097%) Final Cut Pro
15 4 (0.078%) Adobe Premiere
15 4 (0.078%) Flinto
15 4 (0.078%) Notepad++
16 3 (0.058%) Microsoft Project
17 2 (0.039%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 102 (1.98%) Magento
2 83 (1.61%) Dynamics CRM
3 15 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
3 15 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
4 11 (0.21%) Shopify
5 10 (0.19%) Actimize
6 9 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
7 6 (0.12%) NetSuite
8 4 (0.078%) SessionCam
9 2 (0.039%) Dynamics NAV
9 2 (0.039%) Eloqua
9 2 (0.039%) Exstream
9 2 (0.039%) Odoo
9 2 (0.039%) Oracle CRM
9 2 (0.039%) ReMetrica
9 2 (0.039%) Towers Watson Igloo
9 2 (0.039%) WebTrends
10 1 (0.019%) Endur
10 1 (0.019%) OpenText MBPM
10 1 (0.019%) SAP FI
Cloud Services
1 766 (14.87%) Microsoft Azure
2 683 (13.25%) Amazon AWS
3 219 (4.25%) SaaS
4 165 (3.20%) GitHub
5 138 (2.68%) npm
6 130 (2.52%) Google Cloud Platform
7 119 (2.31%) Serverless
8 94 (1.82%) Amazon S3
9 85 (1.65%) AWS Lambda
10 78 (1.51%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 77 (1.49%) PaaS
12 72 (1.40%) Google Analytics
13 63 (1.22%) Amazon EC2
14 54 (1.05%) Amazon Kinesis
15 40 (0.78%) Adobe Creative Cloud
16 36 (0.70%) Amazon SQS
17 32 (0.62%) Route 53
18 29 (0.56%) Heroku
19 27 (0.52%) Office 365
20 26 (0.50%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 87 (1.69%) HTTP
2 61 (1.18%) Internet
3 42 (0.82%) Intranet
4 17 (0.33%) DNS
4 17 (0.33%) Firewall
5 14 (0.27%) Extranet
6 11 (0.21%) SSL
7 10 (0.19%) HTTPS
7 10 (0.19%) SMS
8 9 (0.17%) Skype
9 8 (0.16%) SSH
10 7 (0.14%) TCP/IP
11 6 (0.12%) GoToMeeting
12 4 (0.078%) FTP
12 4 (0.078%) SMTP
12 4 (0.078%) Wi-Fi
13 3 (0.058%) AMQP
13 3 (0.058%) RTMP
13 3 (0.058%) SAN
14 2 (0.039%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,028 (19.95%) SQL Server
2 514 (9.97%) MySQL
3 347 (6.73%) NoSQL
4 239 (4.64%) MongoDB
5 182 (3.53%) Relational Database
6 171 (3.32%) PostgreSQL
7 163 (3.16%) Redis
8 109 (2.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 92 (1.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 82 (1.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 77 (1.49%) SQL Server 2016
12 64 (1.24%) Big Data
13 60 (1.16%) Power BI
14 56 (1.09%) SQL Server 2008
15 49 (0.95%) SQL Server 2012
16 48 (0.93%) Amazon Athena
17 43 (0.83%) Blockchain
17 43 (0.83%) RavenDB
18 42 (0.82%) RDBMS
19 40 (0.78%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 1,127 (21.87%) Git (software)
2 358 (6.95%) JIRA
3 329 (6.38%) webpack
4 284 (5.51%) Jenkins
5 223 (4.33%) gulp
6 189 (3.67%) Grunt
7 186 (3.61%) Selenium
8 160 (3.10%) Team Foundation Server
9 159 (3.09%) Visual Studio
10 157 (3.05%) Jasmine
11 144 (2.79%) Subversion
12 113 (2.19%) Visual Studio Team System
13 111 (2.15%) Mocha
14 101 (1.96%) Maven
15 93 (1.80%) TeamCity
16 87 (1.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 78 (1.51%) Cucumber
18 76 (1.47%) Bitbucket
18 76 (1.47%) NUnit
19 71 (1.38%) JUnit
General
1 1,012 (19.64%) Finance
2 407 (7.90%) Marketing
3 320 (6.21%) Banking
4 318 (6.17%) Retail
5 169 (3.28%) Advertising
6 167 (3.24%) Games
7 83 (1.61%) Investment Banking
8 81 (1.57%) Publishing
9 64 (1.24%) Front Office
10 54 (1.05%) Manufacturing
11 51 (0.99%) Telecoms
12 47 (0.91%) Back Office
13 44 (0.85%) Law
14 42 (0.82%) Legal
15 41 (0.80%) Financial Institution
16 29 (0.56%) Automotive
17 24 (0.47%) Electronics
18 17 (0.33%) Retail Banking
19 10 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
20 9 (0.17%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 3,787 (73.49%) Developer
2 941 (18.26%) .NET Developer
3 921 (17.87%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 658 (12.77%) Senior Developer
5 596 (11.57%) C# Developer
6 491 (9.53%) JavaScript Developer
7 483 (9.37%) Full Stack Developer
8 444 (8.62%) C# .NET Developer
9 362 (7.03%) React Developer
10 345 (6.70%) PHP Developer
11 342 (6.64%) Web Developer
12 252 (4.89%) Lead Developer
13 241 (4.68%) Software Engineer
14 225 (4.37%) Java Developer
15 222 (4.31%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 221 (4.29%) Designer
17 205 (3.98%) HTML Developer
18 192 (3.73%) ASP.NET Developer
19 175 (3.40%) Angular Developer
20 172 (3.34%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,675 (90.72%) HTML
2 2,069 (40.15%) AngularJS
3 1,691 (32.82%) .NET
4 1,522 (29.54%) HTML5
5 1,307 (25.36%) React
6 1,145 (22.22%) ASP.NET
7 1,108 (21.50%) jQuery
8 1,081 (20.98%) CSS3
9 809 (15.70%) Node.js
10 741 (14.38%) Web Services
11 704 (13.66%) ASP.NET Web API
12 698 (13.55%) ASP.NET MVC
13 629 (12.21%) Sass
14 586 (11.37%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 562 (10.91%) RESTful
16 548 (10.63%) REST
17 493 (9.57%) Redux
18 423 (8.21%) Vue.js
19 407 (7.90%) JSON
20 379 (7.35%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 902 (17.50%) User Experience
2 418 (8.11%) Fintech
3 411 (7.98%) Greenfield Project
4 262 (5.08%) Analytical Skills
5 230 (4.46%) Mobile App
6 143 (2.78%) Algorithms
6 143 (2.78%) Enterprise Software
7 114 (2.21%) Self-Motivation
8 86 (1.67%) Data Structures
9 82 (1.59%) Social Media
10 78 (1.51%) Hedge funds
11 76 (1.47%) Blog
12 66 (1.28%) Tandem
13 53 (1.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 48 (0.93%) Digital Media
14 48 (0.93%) N-Tier
15 44 (0.85%) Derivative
16 38 (0.74%) Social Network
17 37 (0.72%) Linux Command Line
17 37 (0.72%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 317 (6.15%) Linux
2 270 (5.24%) Windows
3 164 (3.18%) Android
4 134 (2.60%) Apple iOS
5 77 (1.49%) Unix
6 43 (0.83%) Windows Server
7 39 (0.76%) Ubuntu
8 28 (0.54%) CentOS
9 20 (0.39%) openSUSE
10 16 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 12 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
12 10 (0.19%) Fedora
13 9 (0.17%) Mac OS X
14 7 (0.14%) Debian
15 6 (0.12%) Windows NT
16 4 (0.078%) Mac OS
16 4 (0.078%) SUSE
17 3 (0.058%) Windows 7
18 2 (0.039%) Solaris
18 2 (0.039%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,491 (48.34%) Agile Software Development
2 1,361 (26.41%) Front End Development
3 1,253 (24.32%) MVC
4 894 (17.35%) Web Development
5 832 (16.15%) TDD
6 763 (14.81%) Scrum
7 654 (12.69%) Software Engineering
8 514 (9.97%) DevOps
9 477 (9.26%) OO
10 463 (8.99%) Continuous Integration
11 458 (8.89%) Test Automation
12 456 (8.85%) Unit Testing
13 442 (8.58%) E-Commerce
14 390 (7.57%) Problem-Solving
15 388 (7.53%) Microservices
16 378 (7.34%) SDLC
17 361 (7.01%) Web Application Development
18 354 (6.87%) Computer Science
19 353 (6.85%) Analytics
20 332 (6.44%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 4,470 (86.75%) JavaScript
2 1,743 (33.82%) C#
3 1,249 (24.24%) SQL
4 845 (16.40%) PHP
5 788 (15.29%) Java
6 560 (10.87%) ES6
7 551 (10.69%) Python
8 360 (6.99%) TypeScript
9 261 (5.07%) T-SQL
10 185 (3.59%) Ruby
11 113 (2.19%) Java 8
12 110 (2.13%) C++
13 87 (1.69%) VB.NET
14 85 (1.65%) PowerShell
15 76 (1.47%) C
16 61 (1.18%) ES7
17 56 (1.09%) Perl
18 55 (1.07%) PHP 7
19 54 (1.05%) Bash Shell
20 49 (0.95%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 540 (10.48%) Degree
2 192 (3.73%) Computer Science Degree
3 67 (1.30%) Security Cleared
4 57 (1.11%) SC Cleared
5 30 (0.58%) PhD
6 21 (0.41%) Master's Degree
7 14 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
8 12 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
9 7 (0.14%) AWS Certification
10 6 (0.12%) MCSA
10 6 (0.12%) MCSE
11 4 (0.078%) CISSP
11 4 (0.078%) TOGAF Certification
12 3 (0.058%) CIPD
12 3 (0.058%) DV Cleared
12 3 (0.058%) ISEB
12 3 (0.058%) ISTQB
12 3 (0.058%) MCP
12 3 (0.058%) MCSD
13 2 (0.039%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 310 (6.02%) QA
2 32 (0.62%) GDPR
3 22 (0.43%) WAI
4 13 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 10 (0.19%) MiFID
6 8 (0.16%) WCAG
7 7 (0.14%) SLA
8 4 (0.078%) PMO
9 3 (0.058%) Data Quality
10 1 (0.019%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 364 (7.06%) Docker
2 33 (0.64%) Varnish
3 27 (0.52%) Active Directory
4 7 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.12%) vSphere
6 5 (0.097%) Firmware
7 4 (0.078%) GridGain
7 4 (0.078%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.039%) Forefront TMG
9 1 (0.019%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.019%) LXC
9 1 (0.019%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 144 (2.79%) Kubernetes
2 74 (1.44%) Opscode Chef
3 42 (0.82%) Puppet
4 41 (0.80%) Terraform
5 34 (0.66%) Ansible
6 25 (0.49%) Kibana
7 22 (0.43%) logstash
8 20 (0.39%) Salt
9 13 (0.25%) Control-M
10 11 (0.21%) Grafana
11 10 (0.19%) Prometheus
12 9 (0.17%) Mesos
13 8 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
14 7 (0.14%) TeamSite
15 6 (0.12%) HP Quality Center
15 6 (0.12%) Marathon
16 5 (0.097%) HAProxy
17 4 (0.078%) Docker Swarm
18 3 (0.058%) EMC NetWorker
18 3 (0.058%) SCCM
Vendors
1 643 (12.48%) Microsoft
2 263 (5.10%) Google
3 222 (4.31%) Oracle
4 210 (4.08%) Adobe
5 90 (1.75%) Sitecore
6 79 (1.53%) Splunk
7 71 (1.38%) Salesforce.com
8 54 (1.05%) ServiceNow
9 47 (0.91%) SAP
10 44 (0.85%) Facebook
11 41 (0.80%) Atlassian
12 38 (0.74%) Nintex
13 28 (0.54%) Tableau
14 27 (0.52%) YouTube
15 25 (0.49%) New Relic
15 25 (0.49%) Zend
16 24 (0.47%) IBM
17 22 (0.43%) Alterian
18 21 (0.41%) Rackspace
18 21 (0.41%) Xamarin