Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > London
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 28 22 24
Rank change year-on-year -6 +2 -8
Permanent jobs citing CSS 4,394 6,612 7,333
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 8.09% 9.83% 9.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 20.36% 24.06% 24.92%
Number of salaries quoted 3,845 5,525 6,457
London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% +4.76%
10th Percentile £37,500 £34,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £78,750
England median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,579 27,479 29,426
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 39.75% 40.87% 38.94%
Number of salaries quoted 17,995 22,624 23,960
London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.85% +8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £36,538
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £90,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in London.

Salary trend for CSS in London

CSS
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in London over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS in London

CSS
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the London region over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -9 1,097 £65,000 +8.33% 298
West London 0 228 £55,000 - 136
South London -21 116 £47,500 +5.56% 28
East London -3 41 £49,971 -16.72% 53
North London -16 17 £55,000 +37.50% 14
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for CSS.

1 4,021 (91.51%) HTML
2 3,701 (84.23%) JavaScript
3 2,081 (47.36%) Agile Software Development
4 1,542 (35.09%) AngularJS
5 1,457 (33.16%) HTML5
6 1,448 (32.95%) C#
7 1,440 (32.77%) React
8 1,323 (30.11%) .NET
9 1,210 (27.54%) Front End Development
10 1,017 (23.15%) MVC
11 1,000 (22.76%) CSS3
12 956 (21.76%) User Experience
13 950 (21.62%) SQL
14 913 (20.78%) Git (software)
15 884 (20.12%) ASP.NET
16 855 (19.46%) SQL Server
17 805 (18.32%) TDD
18 801 (18.23%) Finance
19 779 (17.73%) Node.js
20 757 (17.23%) jQuery
21 717 (16.32%) Web Development
22 680 (15.48%) Java
23 678 (15.43%) AWS
24 669 (15.23%) Azure
25 637 (14.50%) Scrum
26 635 (14.45%) Sass
27 621 (14.13%) Degree
28 614 (13.97%) REST
29 603 (13.72%) DevOps
30 559 (12.72%) Software Engineering

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 240 (5.46%) CMS
2 202 (4.60%) Elasticsearch
3 157 (3.57%) WordPress
4 114 (2.59%) SharePoint
5 111 (2.53%) Confluence
6 92 (2.09%) Umbraco
7 83 (1.89%) IIS
8 68 (1.55%) Drupal
9 67 (1.52%) EPiServer
10 62 (1.41%) Tomcat
11 46 (1.05%) Apache
12 40 (0.91%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 40 (0.91%) nginx
13 39 (0.89%) Sitecore CMS
14 29 (0.66%) Sitefinity
15 28 (0.64%) Apache Spark
16 27 (0.61%) DNN
16 27 (0.61%) Kentico
17 26 (0.59%) Immediacy CMS
18 23 (0.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 139 (3.16%) Sketch
2 132 (3.00%) Photoshop
3 86 (1.96%) Adobe Illustrator
4 85 (1.93%) InVision
5 45 (1.02%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 43 (0.98%) Microsoft Excel
7 39 (0.89%) Microsoft Office
7 39 (0.89%) Zeplin
8 28 (0.64%) Adobe XD
9 17 (0.39%) Figma
9 17 (0.39%) InDesign
10 14 (0.32%) Chatbot
11 13 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 11 (0.25%) Marvel
13 10 (0.23%) OmniGraffle
14 9 (0.20%) Fireworks
15 7 (0.16%) Adobe After Effects
15 7 (0.16%) Adobe Premiere
16 6 (0.14%) MS Visio
16 6 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 46 (1.05%) Dynamics CRM
2 39 (0.89%) Magento
3 20 (0.46%) SAP Hybris
4 17 (0.39%) Shopify
5 16 (0.36%) Dynamics AX
6 13 (0.30%) Dynamics NAV
7 7 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
8 6 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 5 (0.11%) NetSuite
9 5 (0.11%) WebTrends
10 3 (0.068%) Eloqua
10 3 (0.068%) OpenCart
10 3 (0.068%) OpenText MBPM
10 3 (0.068%) Oracle Applications
10 3 (0.068%) osCommerce
10 3 (0.068%) SAP Business One
10 3 (0.068%) StreamServe
11 2 (0.046%) Adobe Campaign
11 2 (0.046%) R3 Corda
12 1 (0.023%) Odoo
Cloud Services
1 678 (15.43%) AWS
2 669 (15.23%) Azure
3 211 (4.80%) SaaS
4 192 (4.37%) npm
5 179 (4.07%) Serverless
6 145 (3.30%) GitHub
7 133 (3.03%) AWS Lambda
8 119 (2.71%) GCP
9 79 (1.80%) Amazon EC2
9 79 (1.80%) PaaS
10 75 (1.71%) Amazon S3
11 66 (1.50%) Amazon ECS
12 57 (1.30%) Office 365
13 54 (1.23%) Power Platform
14 49 (1.12%) Yarn
15 48 (1.09%) Google Analytics
16 47 (1.07%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 42 (0.96%) Amazon Kinesis
18 39 (0.89%) PowerApps
19 34 (0.77%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 115 (2.62%) HTTP
2 104 (2.37%) Internet
3 23 (0.52%) Intranet
4 14 (0.32%) SSL
5 13 (0.30%) VPN
6 12 (0.27%) DNS
7 8 (0.18%) TCP/IP
8 6 (0.14%) SMS
9 5 (0.11%) Firewall
9 5 (0.11%) SSH
9 5 (0.11%) Wireless
10 4 (0.091%) FTP
10 4 (0.091%) HTTPS
10 4 (0.091%) WebEx
11 3 (0.068%) Remote Desktop
12 2 (0.046%) AMQP
12 2 (0.046%) Bluetooth
12 2 (0.046%) Network Security
12 2 (0.046%) Skype
12 2 (0.046%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 855 (19.46%) SQL Server
2 329 (7.49%) MySQL
3 270 (6.14%) NoSQL
4 152 (3.46%) MongoDB
5 129 (2.94%) Relational Database
6 117 (2.66%) PostgreSQL
7 115 (2.62%) Redis
8 88 (2.00%) Big Data
9 79 (1.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 63 (1.43%) SQL Server 2016
11 58 (1.32%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 58 (1.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 52 (1.18%) SQL Server 2012
13 46 (1.05%) Azure SQL Database
13 46 (1.05%) Cosmos DB
14 42 (0.96%) Amazon Athena
15 37 (0.84%) Blockchain
16 35 (0.80%) GIS
17 32 (0.73%) Amazon RDS
18 31 (0.71%) RavenDB
Development Applications
1 913 (20.78%) Git (software)
2 326 (7.42%) webpack
3 239 (5.44%) JIRA
4 223 (5.08%) Jenkins
5 193 (4.39%) gulp
6 164 (3.73%) Grunt
7 160 (3.64%) Selenium
8 151 (3.44%) Visual Studio
9 113 (2.57%) Jasmine
10 98 (2.23%) Team Foundation Server
11 97 (2.21%) Bitbucket
12 84 (1.91%) Mocha
13 70 (1.59%) TeamCity
14 69 (1.57%) Babel
15 61 (1.39%) Karma Test Runner
16 60 (1.37%) Subversion
17 59 (1.34%) GitLab
17 59 (1.34%) JUnit
18 57 (1.30%) Octopus Deploy
19 50 (1.14%) Bower
General
1 801 (18.23%) Finance
2 355 (8.08%) Marketing
3 267 (6.08%) Retail
4 232 (5.28%) Banking
5 182 (4.14%) Advertising
6 123 (2.80%) Games
7 77 (1.75%) Law
8 57 (1.30%) Investment Banking
9 53 (1.21%) Publishing
10 46 (1.05%) Public Sector
11 40 (0.91%) Legal
12 34 (0.77%) Manufacturing
13 33 (0.75%) Multimedia
14 28 (0.64%) Front Office
14 28 (0.64%) Telecoms
15 25 (0.57%) Automotive
16 21 (0.48%) Financial Institution
17 17 (0.39%) Back Office
17 17 (0.39%) Electronics
18 9 (0.20%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 3,183 (72.44%) Developer
2 967 (22.01%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 674 (15.34%) Senior Developer
4 648 (14.75%) .NET Developer
5 494 (11.24%) React Developer
6 493 (11.22%) JavaScript Developer
7 374 (8.51%) C# Developer
8 270 (6.14%) Full Stack Developer
9 258 (5.87%) C# .NET Developer
10 233 (5.30%) Senior Front-End Developer
11 204 (4.64%) Web Developer
12 195 (4.44%) Designer
13 193 (4.39%) Software Engineer
14 190 (4.32%) UI Developer
15 182 (4.14%) Angular Developer
16 176 (4.01%) Java Developer
17 174 (3.96%) Lead Developer
18 169 (3.85%) HTML Developer
19 165 (3.76%) PHP Developer
20 151 (3.44%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,021 (91.51%) HTML
2 1,542 (35.09%) AngularJS
3 1,457 (33.16%) HTML5
4 1,440 (32.77%) React
5 1,323 (30.11%) .NET
6 1,000 (22.76%) CSS3
7 884 (20.12%) ASP.NET
8 779 (17.73%) Node.js
9 757 (17.23%) jQuery
10 635 (14.45%) Sass
11 614 (13.97%) REST
12 557 (12.68%) ASP.NET MVC
13 549 (12.49%) Redux
14 488 (11.11%) ASP.NET Web API
15 465 (10.58%) Web Services
16 455 (10.36%) RESTful
17 411 (9.35%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 405 (9.22%) Vue.js
19 315 (7.17%) .NET Framework
20 312 (7.10%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 956 (21.76%) User Experience
2 272 (6.19%) Greenfield Project
3 228 (5.19%) Analytical Skills
4 194 (4.42%) Mobile App
5 137 (3.12%) Algorithms
6 132 (3.00%) Enterprise Software
7 107 (2.44%) Data Structures
8 93 (2.12%) Hedge funds
9 89 (2.03%) Self-Motivation
10 69 (1.57%) Social Media
11 66 (1.50%) Tandem
12 54 (1.23%) Management Information System
13 41 (0.93%) iPad
14 40 (0.91%) N-Tier
15 38 (0.86%) Social Network
16 35 (0.80%) Online Gambling
17 31 (0.71%) Graphic Design
18 30 (0.68%) Client/Server
19 27 (0.61%) Linux Command Line
20 26 (0.59%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 228 (5.19%) Linux
2 178 (4.05%) Windows
3 84 (1.91%) Apple iOS
4 82 (1.87%) Android
5 58 (1.32%) Unix
6 29 (0.66%) Windows Server
7 19 (0.43%) VMS
8 18 (0.41%) Mac OS X
9 14 (0.32%) Mac OS
10 11 (0.25%) CentOS
11 10 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
12 9 (0.20%) Ubuntu
13 7 (0.16%) Fedora
14 5 (0.11%) Windows 10
14 5 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
15 4 (0.091%) Windows 7
15 4 (0.091%) Windows Server 2003
16 3 (0.068%) Windows 2000
16 3 (0.068%) Windows Vista
16 3 (0.068%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,081 (47.36%) Agile Software Development
2 1,210 (27.54%) Front End Development
3 1,017 (23.15%) MVC
4 805 (18.32%) TDD
5 717 (16.32%) Web Development
6 637 (14.50%) Scrum
7 603 (13.72%) DevOps
8 559 (12.72%) Software Engineering
9 511 (11.63%) Computer Science
10 508 (11.56%) OO
11 456 (10.38%) Problem-Solving
12 419 (9.54%) Unit Testing
13 412 (9.38%) Continuous Integration
14 392 (8.92%) Microservices
15 347 (7.90%) Test Automation
16 337 (7.67%) Fintech
17 335 (7.62%) BDD
18 334 (7.60%) E-Commerce
19 333 (7.58%) Analytics
20 327 (7.44%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 3,701 (84.23%) JavaScript
2 1,448 (32.95%) C#
3 950 (21.62%) SQL
4 680 (15.48%) Java
5 520 (11.83%) TypeScript
6 498 (11.33%) ES6
7 493 (11.22%) PHP
8 460 (10.47%) Python
9 242 (5.51%) T-SQL
10 115 (2.62%) Java 8
11 92 (2.09%) Ruby
12 89 (2.03%) Scala
13 80 (1.82%) PowerShell
14 62 (1.41%) C
15 59 (1.34%) ES7
16 50 (1.14%) XPath
17 44 (1.00%) VB.NET
18 42 (0.96%) Kotlin
19 40 (0.91%) C++
20 30 (0.68%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 621 (14.13%) Degree
2 305 (6.94%) Computer Science Degree
3 35 (0.80%) Microsoft Certification
4 22 (0.50%) Master's Degree
5 21 (0.48%) MCSD
6 18 (0.41%) Security Cleared
7 11 (0.25%) MCP
8 10 (0.23%) SC Cleared
9 9 (0.20%) Postgraduate
10 7 (0.16%) ISTQB
11 6 (0.14%) DV Cleared
11 6 (0.14%) MCAD
11 6 (0.14%) MCPD
11 6 (0.14%) MCTS
12 5 (0.11%) CGEIT
12 5 (0.11%) PhD
13 4 (0.091%) Cisco Certification
13 4 (0.091%) MCSE
14 3 (0.068%) HND
15 2 (0.046%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 211 (4.80%) QA
2 31 (0.71%) SLA
3 27 (0.61%) GDPR
4 16 (0.36%) WAI
5 14 (0.32%) WCAG
6 4 (0.091%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.068%) PMO
8 1 (0.023%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.023%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.023%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.023%) RMADS
System Software
1 399 (9.08%) Docker
2 19 (0.43%) Forefront TMG
3 10 (0.23%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.046%) LXC
6 1 (0.023%) Cronacle
6 1 (0.023%) Firmware
6 1 (0.023%) Varnish
6 1 (0.023%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 188 (4.28%) Kubernetes
2 79 (1.80%) Terraform
3 45 (1.02%) Ansible
4 27 (0.61%) Kibana
5 20 (0.46%) logstash
6 15 (0.34%) Opscode Chef
6 15 (0.34%) SCCM
7 12 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
8 11 (0.25%) Puppet
8 11 (0.25%) TeamSite
9 8 (0.18%) HAProxy
10 6 (0.14%) HP Quality Center
10 6 (0.14%) Matomo
11 4 (0.091%) Docker Swarm
11 4 (0.091%) Mesos
12 3 (0.068%) Grafana
13 1 (0.023%) FortiGate
13 1 (0.023%) HP UCMDB
13 1 (0.023%) McAfee ePO
13 1 (0.023%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 521 (11.86%) Microsoft
2 203 (4.62%) Adobe
3 179 (4.07%) Google
4 167 (3.80%) Oracle
5 99 (2.25%) Salesforce.com
6 78 (1.78%) Sitecore
7 48 (1.09%) Facebook
8 46 (1.05%) SAP
9 42 (0.96%) Splunk
10 40 (0.91%) Atlassian
11 36 (0.82%) Zend
12 31 (0.71%) Nintex
13 29 (0.66%) YouTube
14 28 (0.64%) Xamarin
15 27 (0.61%) ServiceNow
15 27 (0.61%) Tableau
16 26 (0.59%) Alterian
17 25 (0.57%) Demandware
17 25 (0.57%) RedGate
18 23 (0.52%) Cypress Semiconductor