Period
to 25 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
London > Central London
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 8 6
Rank change year-on-year -2 -2 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 1,239 730 2,132
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in Central London 18.11% 17.66% 16.93%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.04% 28.93% 28.51%
Number of salaries quoted 1,105 671 1,953
10th Percentile £52,500 £46,250 £47,500
25th Percentile £65,000 £58,375 £58,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £85,000 £75,000 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +13.33% +3.45% +3.57%
75th Percentile £102,500 £94,000 £86,250
90th Percentile £117,500 £115,000 £108,750
London median annual salary £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
% change year-on-year +6.45% +3.33% +7.14%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Central London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,991 2,523 7,477
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in Central London 58.34% 61.03% 59.39%
Number of salaries quoted 3,574 2,260 6,668
10th Percentile £46,825 £45,000 £42,500
25th Percentile £57,278 £55,000 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £95,000 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £103,750 £95,000
London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +4.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Central London

Java
Salary Trend in Central London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in Central London.

Salary trend for Java in Central London

Java
Salary Histogram in Central London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in Central London over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in Central London

Java
Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Central London region over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +1 1,154 £85,000 +13.33% 396
City of Westminster +3 26 - - 2
West End of London -2 23 £86,250 +23.21% 4
Southwark - 4 - -
Camden -7 3 £68,500 +9.60% 4
Lambeth - 2 £29,000 -
Kensington and Chelsea - 2 - -
Java
London

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Java.

1 501 (40.44%) Agile Software Development
2 435 (35.11%) Python
3 424 (34.22%) AWS
4 354 (28.57%) DevOps
5 330 (26.63%) Microservices
6 322 (25.99%) Finance
7 305 (24.62%) Kubernetes
8 299 (24.13%) Software Engineering
9 282 (22.76%) Docker
10 250 (20.18%) Jenkins
11 239 (19.29%) Azure
12 234 (18.89%) Fintech
13 230 (18.56%) Spring
13 230 (18.56%) JavaScript
14 220 (17.76%) QA
15 219 (17.68%) Social Skills
16 206 (16.63%) Kafka
17 200 (16.14%) SQL
18 192 (15.50%) GCP
19 191 (15.42%) Scala
20 189 (15.25%) Test Automation
21 178 (14.37%) C#
22 172 (13.88%) Spring Boot
23 169 (13.64%) Big Data
24 166 (13.40%) REST
24 166 (13.40%) TDD
25 137 (11.06%) Analytics
26 135 (10.90%) C++
27 134 (10.82%) Banking
28 129 (10.41%) Terraform

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 100 (8.07%) Apache Spark
2 48 (3.87%) Confluence
3 40 (3.23%) Elasticsearch
4 21 (1.69%) Apache
5 10 (0.81%) SharePoint
6 7 (0.56%) Apache Airflow
6 7 (0.56%) SAS
7 6 (0.48%) OpenStack
8 4 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
8 4 (0.32%) Drupal
8 4 (0.32%) Oracle Coherence
9 3 (0.24%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 3 (0.24%) nginx
9 3 (0.24%) Red Hat Fuse
9 3 (0.24%) Tomcat
9 3 (0.24%) Tornado
10 2 (0.16%) CMS
10 2 (0.16%) GemFire
10 2 (0.16%) Jetty
10 2 (0.16%) WebSphere
Applications
1 15 (1.21%) Spreadsheet
2 8 (0.65%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.16%) 3ds Max
3 2 (0.16%) Maya
3 2 (0.16%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.16%) ZBrush
4 1 (0.081%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.16%) IntelliMatch
3 1 (0.081%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 1 (0.081%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.081%) Oracle EBS R12
3 1 (0.081%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.081%) Summit
3 1 (0.081%) SunGard Martini
3 1 (0.081%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 424 (34.22%) AWS
2 239 (19.29%) Azure
3 192 (15.50%) GCP
4 97 (7.83%) Serverless
5 54 (4.36%) SaaS
6 48 (3.87%) AWS CloudFormation
7 31 (2.50%) AWS Lambda
8 29 (2.34%) Amazon EC2
9 27 (2.18%) PaaS
10 23 (1.86%) IaaS
11 19 (1.53%) Amazon ECS
12 18 (1.45%) Amazon S3
12 18 (1.45%) GitHub
13 15 (1.21%) Amazon EKS
14 14 (1.13%) npm
14 14 (1.13%) OpenShift
15 10 (0.81%) Cloud Computing
15 10 (0.81%) Power Platform
15 10 (0.81%) Snowflake
16 9 (0.73%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 19 (1.53%) HTTP
2 17 (1.37%) DNS
3 8 (0.65%) FTP
3 8 (0.65%) IPsec
3 8 (0.65%) VPN
4 7 (0.56%) Firewall
5 4 (0.32%) AMQP
6 3 (0.24%) Kerberos
7 2 (0.16%) Cisco IPT
7 2 (0.16%) Network Security
7 2 (0.16%) Software-Defined Networking
7 2 (0.16%) TCP/IP
8 1 (0.081%) Calico
8 1 (0.081%) LAN
8 1 (0.081%) SMS
8 1 (0.081%) SSL
8 1 (0.081%) tcpdump
8 1 (0.081%) Telnet
8 1 (0.081%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 169 (13.64%) Big Data
2 125 (10.09%) Hadoop
3 123 (9.93%) NoSQL
4 111 (8.96%) MongoDB
5 86 (6.94%) Relational Database
6 85 (6.86%) PostgreSQL
7 73 (5.89%) SQL Server
8 55 (4.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 51 (4.12%) Apache Cassandra
9 51 (4.12%) MySQL
10 39 (3.15%) Amazon Redshift
11 38 (3.07%) Blockchain
12 36 (2.91%) Data Warehouse
13 26 (2.10%) Redis
14 25 (2.02%) Data Lake
15 24 (1.94%) Flink
16 23 (1.86%) Amazon RDS
17 14 (1.13%) BigQuery
18 13 (1.05%) KDB
19 11 (0.89%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 250 (20.18%) Jenkins
2 128 (10.33%) Selenium
3 117 (9.44%) Cucumber
4 111 (8.96%) Git (software)
5 87 (7.02%) Postman
6 80 (6.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 79 (6.38%) JIRA
8 54 (4.36%) Maven
9 44 (3.55%) SonarQube
10 43 (3.47%) TeamCity
11 28 (2.26%) JUnit
12 26 (2.10%) Robot Framework
13 25 (2.02%) WebDriver
14 24 (1.94%) Bitbucket
15 23 (1.86%) Gradle
16 20 (1.61%) Spinnaker
17 18 (1.45%) GitLab
18 17 (1.37%) JMeter
19 15 (1.21%) REST Assured
20 14 (1.13%) webpack
General
1 322 (25.99%) Finance
2 219 (17.68%) Social Skills
3 134 (10.82%) Banking
4 87 (7.02%) Front Office
5 75 (6.05%) Retail
6 64 (5.17%) Games
7 56 (4.52%) Analytical Skills
8 53 (4.28%) Presentation Skills
9 45 (3.63%) Publishing
10 43 (3.47%) Influencing Skills
11 36 (2.91%) Investment Banking
12 27 (2.18%) Public Sector
13 17 (1.37%) Advertising
14 8 (0.65%) Italian Language
14 8 (0.65%) Portuguese Language
14 8 (0.65%) Spanish Language
14 8 (0.65%) Telecoms
15 7 (0.56%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 7 (0.56%) Manufacturing
16 6 (0.48%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 523 (42.21%) Developer
2 361 (29.14%) Java Developer
3 115 (9.28%) Java Engineer
4 108 (8.72%) Senior Developer
5 97 (7.83%) Software Engineer
6 93 (7.51%) Senior Java Developer
7 82 (6.62%) Data Engineer
8 75 (6.05%) QA Engineer
9 73 (5.89%) DevOps Engineer
10 72 (5.81%) Technical Leader
11 65 (5.25%) Java Developer - Fintech
12 57 (4.60%) Lead Developer
13 46 (3.71%) Architect
13 46 (3.71%) Software Developer
14 42 (3.39%) Principal Engineer
15 40 (3.23%) Senior QA Engineer
16 39 (3.15%) Senior Java Engineer
17 38 (3.07%) Java Software Engineer
18 36 (2.91%) Big Data Engineer
19 33 (2.66%) Electronic Trading Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 230 (18.56%) Spring
2 206 (16.63%) Kafka
3 172 (13.88%) Spring Boot
4 166 (13.40%) REST
5 125 (10.09%) React
6 113 (9.12%) AngularJS
7 85 (6.86%) Web Services
8 81 (6.54%) Node.js
9 74 (5.97%) .NET
10 55 (4.44%) HTML
11 48 (3.87%) OAuth
12 45 (3.63%) CSS
12 45 (3.63%) RESTful
13 43 (3.47%) OAuth2
13 43 (3.47%) OpenID
14 38 (3.07%) FIX Protocol
15 35 (2.82%) HTML5
16 34 (2.74%) XML
17 33 (2.66%) JSON
18 29 (2.34%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 74 (5.97%) Algorithms
2 58 (4.68%) Greenfield Project
3 55 (4.44%) Data Structures
4 45 (3.63%) Fixed Income
5 40 (3.23%) Self-Motivation
6 38 (3.07%) Derivative
7 36 (2.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 33 (2.66%) Cloud Native
8 33 (2.66%) Hedge funds
9 25 (2.02%) Mobile App
10 24 (1.94%) Enterprise Software
10 24 (1.94%) User Experience
11 22 (1.78%) Public Cloud
12 21 (1.69%) Legacy Systems
13 20 (1.61%) Management Information System
14 17 (1.37%) Equity Derivative
15 15 (1.21%) Clustering
16 13 (1.05%) Data Centre
16 13 (1.05%) Private Cloud
17 11 (0.89%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 96 (7.75%) Linux
2 65 (5.25%) Unix
3 25 (2.02%) Windows
4 14 (1.13%) Android
5 12 (0.97%) Apple iOS
6 8 (0.65%) Ubuntu
7 5 (0.40%) VMS
8 4 (0.32%) CentOS
8 4 (0.32%) Mac OS X
8 4 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.16%) Solaris
10 1 (0.081%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 501 (40.44%) Agile Software Development
2 354 (28.57%) DevOps
3 330 (26.63%) Microservices
4 299 (24.13%) Software Engineering
5 234 (18.89%) Fintech
6 189 (15.25%) Test Automation
7 166 (13.40%) TDD
8 137 (11.06%) Analytics
9 128 (10.33%) OO
10 126 (10.17%) Full Stack Development
11 113 (9.12%) Continuous Integration
12 111 (8.96%) Mentoring
13 103 (8.31%) API Testing
14 89 (7.18%) SDLC
15 88 (7.10%) Infrastructure as Code
16 87 (7.02%) Multithreading
16 87 (7.02%) OOP
17 81 (6.54%) Scrum
18 78 (6.30%) Technical Leadership
19 74 (5.97%) Event-Driven
Programming Languages
1 435 (35.11%) Python
2 230 (18.56%) JavaScript
3 200 (16.14%) SQL
4 191 (15.42%) Scala
5 178 (14.37%) C#
6 135 (10.90%) C++
7 126 (10.17%) Java 8
8 110 (8.88%) Kotlin
9 106 (8.56%) Go
10 61 (4.92%) Ruby
11 57 (4.60%) PHP
12 52 (4.20%) TypeScript
13 46 (3.71%) Bash Shell
14 38 (3.07%) Perl
15 37 (2.99%) R
16 28 (2.26%) Apple Swift
17 27 (2.18%) Groovy
18 26 (2.10%) Objective-C
19 25 (2.02%) Java 11
20 24 (1.94%) C
Qualifications
1 110 (8.88%) Degree
2 55 (4.44%) Master's Degree
3 21 (1.69%) Computer Science Degree
3 21 (1.69%) Security Cleared
4 20 (1.61%) SC Cleared
5 13 (1.05%) AWS Certification
6 7 (0.56%) ISTQB
7 4 (0.32%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.24%) CISSP
8 3 (0.24%) CREST Certified
8 3 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
8 3 (0.24%) OSCP
9 2 (0.16%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 2 (0.16%) CCSP
9 2 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
9 2 (0.16%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 1 (0.081%) EC-Council LPT
10 1 (0.081%) ECSA
10 1 (0.081%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 1 (0.081%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 220 (17.76%) QA
2 46 (3.71%) GDPR
3 15 (1.21%) Data Quality
4 12 (0.97%) Accessibility
5 7 (0.56%) WCAG
6 4 (0.32%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.24%) PMO
7 3 (0.24%) SLA
8 2 (0.16%) ISO 20022
8 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.16%) NIST
8 2 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.081%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.081%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.081%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 1 (0.081%) ISO 15022
9 1 (0.081%) SEPA
System Software
1 282 (22.76%) Docker
2 13 (1.05%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 8 (0.65%) HDFS
4 6 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.32%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.24%) LXC
7 2 (0.16%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.16%) Xen
8 1 (0.081%) ISA Server
8 1 (0.081%) KVM
8 1 (0.081%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 305 (24.62%) Kubernetes
2 129 (10.41%) Terraform
3 65 (5.25%) Ansible
4 23 (1.86%) Puppet
5 16 (1.29%) Prometheus
6 15 (1.21%) Grafana
7 11 (0.89%) Opscode Chef
8 6 (0.48%) ITRS Geneos
9 5 (0.40%) Mesos
10 4 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
10 4 (0.32%) Kibana
11 3 (0.24%) HAProxy
11 3 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
12 2 (0.16%) Jamf Pro
12 2 (0.16%) logstash
12 2 (0.16%) Salt
13 1 (0.081%) Consul
13 1 (0.081%) HP Fortify
13 1 (0.081%) Marathon
13 1 (0.081%) Packer
Vendors
1 107 (8.64%) Oracle
2 58 (4.68%) Google
3 37 (2.99%) Microsoft
4 33 (2.66%) Salesforce.com
5 13 (1.05%) Talend
6 10 (0.81%) Cloudera
6 10 (0.81%) Databricks
7 8 (0.65%) ServiceNow
7 8 (0.65%) Splunk
8 7 (0.56%) IBM
9 6 (0.48%) Dynatrace
9 6 (0.48%) Informatica
9 6 (0.48%) Sybase
9 6 (0.48%) VMware
10 5 (0.40%) AppDynamics
10 5 (0.40%) Atlassian
11 4 (0.32%) Greenplum
11 4 (0.32%) HP
11 4 (0.32%) MuleSoft
11 4 (0.32%) Murex