Period
to 30 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 30 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
30 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 89 80 93
Rank change year-on-year -9 +13 +40
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 210 145 316
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 3.40% 3.61% 3.20%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.63% 3.80% 3.40%
Number of salaries quoted 168 116 299
10th Percentile £54,625 £52,500 £46,250
25th Percentile £65,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £73,000 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +6.16% +0.69% +3.57%
75th Percentile £89,063 £91,563 £87,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £105,000 £105,000
Central London median annual salary £77,500 £72,500 £70,000
% change year-on-year +6.90% +3.57% -

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,790 3,813 9,300
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 93.78% 94.83% 94.09%
Number of salaries quoted 5,181 3,349 8,119
10th Percentile £42,500 £45,000 £37,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £55,000 £50,977
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £91,250 £87,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £103,750 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% -

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the City of London

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in the City of London.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the City of London

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in the City of London over the 6 months to 30 November 2021.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the City of London

For the 6 months to 30 November 2021, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 106 (50.48%) Data Science
2 97 (46.19%) Python
3 77 (36.67%) Machine Learning
4 76 (36.19%) Social Skills
5 62 (29.52%) Fintech
6 45 (21.43%) AWS
7 41 (19.52%) Docker
8 39 (18.57%) Azure
8 39 (18.57%) Node.js
9 35 (16.67%) Analytics
10 34 (16.19%) Agile Software Development
11 33 (15.71%) PhD
11 33 (15.71%) Software Engineering
11 33 (15.71%) Degree
12 32 (15.24%) SQL
12 32 (15.24%) Full Stack Development
13 31 (14.76%) DevOps
14 30 (14.29%) GCP
15 28 (13.33%) Finance
15 28 (13.33%) Kubernetes
16 27 (12.86%) React
16 27 (12.86%) Computer Science
17 25 (11.90%) Java
17 25 (11.90%) Deep Learning
17 25 (11.90%) Terraform
18 23 (10.95%) Apache Spark
18 23 (10.95%) JavaScript
19 22 (10.48%) Mathematics
19 22 (10.48%) Natural Language Processing
20 21 (10.00%) Pandas

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (10.95%) Apache Spark
2 10 (4.76%) Elasticsearch
3 7 (3.33%) Apache Airflow
4 5 (2.38%) SAS
5 3 (1.43%) Apache
6 2 (0.95%) Appian
7 1 (0.48%) Apache Pig
7 1 (0.48%) Ethereum
7 1 (0.48%) Luigi
7 1 (0.48%) MS Exchange
7 1 (0.48%) Tornado
Applications
1 4 (1.90%) Chatbot
1 4 (1.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.43%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.48%) FINCAD Analytics
Cloud Services
1 45 (21.43%) AWS
2 39 (18.57%) Azure
3 30 (14.29%) GCP
4 20 (9.52%) SaaS
5 11 (5.24%) Power Platform
6 9 (4.29%) Serverless
7 7 (3.33%) PaaS
8 5 (2.38%) Amazon S3
8 5 (2.38%) Azure Synapse Analytics
8 5 (2.38%) Cloud Computing
8 5 (2.38%) dbt
9 4 (1.90%) AWS Lambda
9 4 (1.90%) Azure Data Factory
9 4 (1.90%) Snowflake
10 3 (1.43%) Azure Active Directory
10 3 (1.43%) Boomi
10 3 (1.43%) Fivetran
10 3 (1.43%) GitHub
10 3 (1.43%) IaaS
10 3 (1.43%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 9 (4.29%) Network Security
2 3 (1.43%) SMS
3 2 (0.95%) HTTP
3 2 (0.95%) Internet
4 1 (0.48%) DHCP
4 1 (0.48%) DNS
4 1 (0.48%) Firewall
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (9.52%) Big Data
1 20 (9.52%) MongoDB
2 15 (7.14%) Tableau
3 14 (6.67%) Data Warehouse
4 13 (6.19%) Hadoop
4 13 (6.19%) NoSQL
5 11 (5.24%) Power BI
6 8 (3.81%) Data Lake
7 6 (2.86%) Amazon Redshift
7 6 (2.86%) Blockchain
8 5 (2.38%) Looker
9 4 (1.90%) BigQuery
9 4 (1.90%) Neo4j
9 4 (1.90%) Relational Database
10 3 (1.43%) Amazon Athena
10 3 (1.43%) Azure SQL Database
10 3 (1.43%) KDB
10 3 (1.43%) PostgreSQL
11 2 (0.95%) MySQL
11 2 (0.95%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 4 (1.90%) Jenkins
2 3 (1.43%) Git (software)
2 3 (1.43%) GitLab
3 2 (0.95%) JIRA
3 2 (0.95%) Moq
3 2 (0.95%) NUnit
4 1 (0.48%) Appium
4 1 (0.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 1 (0.48%) Bitbucket
4 1 (0.48%) CircleCI
4 1 (0.48%) Cucumber
4 1 (0.48%) Cypress.io
4 1 (0.48%) Mocha
4 1 (0.48%) SpecFlow
4 1 (0.48%) Spock
4 1 (0.48%) Vagrant
4 1 (0.48%) webpack
General
1 76 (36.19%) Social Skills
2 28 (13.33%) Finance
3 19 (9.05%) Advertising
4 11 (5.24%) Banking
4 11 (5.24%) Law
5 10 (4.76%) Presentation Skills
6 8 (3.81%) Analytical Skills
6 8 (3.81%) Marketing
7 7 (3.33%) Public Sector
8 6 (2.86%) Games
9 5 (2.38%) Retail
10 4 (1.90%) Legal
11 3 (1.43%) Front Office
11 3 (1.43%) Investment Banking
12 2 (0.95%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.95%) Retail Banking
13 1 (0.48%) Arabic Language
13 1 (0.48%) Automotive
13 1 (0.48%) Publishing
13 1 (0.48%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 90 (42.86%) Developer
2 32 (15.24%) Node.js Developer
3 30 (14.29%) Python Developer
4 28 (13.33%) Full Stack Developer
5 23 (10.95%) Data Scientist
6 20 (9.52%) Python Developer - Fintech
7 16 (7.62%) MongoDB Developer
7 16 (7.62%) React Developer
8 14 (6.67%) Architect
9 13 (6.19%) DevOps Engineer
10 12 (5.71%) Quantitative Developer
11 11 (5.24%) Senior Developer
12 10 (4.76%) Data Engineer
13 9 (4.29%) Consultant
13 9 (4.29%) Senior Data Scientist
14 8 (3.81%) Analyst
14 8 (3.81%) Apache Spark Developer
14 8 (3.81%) Data Manager
14 8 (3.81%) Product Manager
14 8 (3.81%) Senior React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (18.57%) Node.js
2 27 (12.86%) React
3 21 (10.00%) Pandas
4 20 (9.52%) NumPy
4 20 (9.52%) TensorFlow
5 18 (8.57%) Redux
6 9 (4.29%) Keras
6 9 (4.29%) MXNet
7 8 (3.81%) Akka
7 8 (3.81%) Caffe
7 8 (3.81%) Theano
7 8 (3.81%) Torch
8 7 (3.33%) Kafka
8 7 (3.33%) PyTorch
9 6 (2.86%) CSS
9 6 (2.86%) HTML
9 6 (2.86%) PySpark
9 6 (2.86%) RESTful
10 5 (2.38%) JSON
11 4 (1.90%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 20 (9.52%) User Experience
2 13 (6.19%) Equities
3 12 (5.71%) Exotic Derivative
3 12 (5.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 12 (5.71%) Market Risk
4 10 (4.76%) Algorithms
4 10 (4.76%) Greenfield Project
5 3 (1.43%) Data Centre
5 3 (1.43%) Data Structures
5 3 (1.43%) Fixed Income
5 3 (1.43%) Life Science
5 3 (1.43%) Management Information System
5 3 (1.43%) Self-Motivation
6 2 (0.95%) Augmented Reality
6 2 (0.95%) Blog
6 2 (0.95%) Cloud Native
6 2 (0.95%) NHS
7 1 (0.48%) Acoustics
7 1 (0.48%) Analytical Mindset
7 1 (0.48%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 10 (4.76%) Linux
2 6 (2.86%) Unix
3 1 (0.48%) Mac OS
3 1 (0.48%) VMS
3 1 (0.48%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 106 (50.48%) Data Science
2 77 (36.67%) Machine Learning
3 62 (29.52%) Fintech
4 35 (16.67%) Analytics
5 34 (16.19%) Agile Software Development
6 33 (15.71%) Software Engineering
7 32 (15.24%) Full Stack Development
8 31 (14.76%) DevOps
9 27 (12.86%) Computer Science
10 25 (11.90%) Deep Learning
11 22 (10.48%) Mathematics
11 22 (10.48%) Natural Language Processing
12 19 (9.05%) Data Engineering
13 18 (8.57%) Data Analytics
13 18 (8.57%) Pair Programming
13 18 (8.57%) Refactoring
13 18 (8.57%) Visualisation
14 17 (8.10%) Continuous Improvement
14 17 (8.10%) Incident Management
14 17 (8.10%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 97 (46.19%) Python
2 32 (15.24%) SQL
3 25 (11.90%) Java
4 23 (10.95%) JavaScript
5 17 (8.10%) R
6 16 (7.62%) TypeScript
7 15 (7.14%) C#
8 13 (6.19%) Scala
9 10 (4.76%) MATLAB
10 8 (3.81%) Go
11 7 (3.33%) Rust
12 5 (2.38%) Bash Shell
13 4 (1.90%) PowerShell
14 3 (1.43%) Perl
14 3 (1.43%) Shell Script
15 2 (0.95%) C
15 2 (0.95%) C++
16 1 (0.48%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
16 1 (0.48%) PHP
16 1 (0.48%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 33 (15.71%) Degree
1 33 (15.71%) PhD
2 14 (6.67%) Master's Degree
3 11 (5.24%) Computer Science Degree
4 1 (0.48%) CCNA
4 1 (0.48%) CCNP
4 1 (0.48%) Cisco Certification
4 1 (0.48%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (5.71%) Dodd-Frank
1 12 (5.71%) EMIR
1 12 (5.71%) MiFID
2 1 (0.48%) Accessibility
2 1 (0.48%) QA
System Software
1 41 (19.52%) Docker
2 4 (1.90%) Active Directory
3 3 (1.43%) Virtual Desktop
4 1 (0.48%) HDFS
4 1 (0.48%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 28 (13.33%) Kubernetes
2 25 (11.90%) Terraform
3 3 (1.43%) Ansible
4 1 (0.48%) Consul
4 1 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
4 1 (0.48%) Packer
Vendors
1 12 (5.71%) Microsoft
2 7 (3.33%) Databricks
2 7 (3.33%) Google
3 5 (2.38%) MuleSoft
4 4 (1.90%) IBM
5 3 (1.43%) Dell
5 3 (1.43%) Oracle
5 3 (1.43%) PeopleSoft
5 3 (1.43%) Salesforce.com
5 3 (1.43%) SAP
6 2 (0.95%) Cloudera
6 2 (0.95%) Jitterbit
6 2 (0.95%) OutSystems
6 2 (0.95%) SnapLogic
7 1 (0.48%) Cisco
7 1 (0.48%) Dataiku
7 1 (0.48%) Facebook
7 1 (0.48%) Hortonworks
7 1 (0.48%) iManage
7 1 (0.48%) Pega