Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 23 70 51
Rank change year-on-year +47 -19 +11
Permanent jobs citing QA 526 141 517
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 8.93% 3.94% 5.15%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 50.53% 34.56% 39.83%
Number of salaries quoted 498 125 430
10th Percentile £43,525 £44,000 £42,312
25th Percentile £50,125 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £64,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.47% +2.40% +4.17%
75th Percentile £88,750 £82,500 £78,750
90th Percentile £101,250 £95,000 £106,250
Central London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.85% - +8.33%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 1,041 408 1,298
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 17.67% 11.41% 12.93%
Number of salaries quoted 929 351 1,087
10th Percentile £42,500 £44,000 £36,250
25th Percentile £51,250 £48,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £62,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% -3.85% +5.69%
75th Percentile £85,000 £83,750 £82,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £98,000
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £65,000

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Salary trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing QA in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Salary histogram for QA in the City of London

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for QA.

1 253 (48.10%) Test Automation
2 226 (42.97%) Agile Software Development
3 204 (38.78%) Java
4 190 (36.12%) Selenium
5 166 (31.56%) Finance
6 165 (31.37%) Cucumber
7 160 (30.42%) API Testing
8 156 (29.66%) Jenkins
9 149 (28.33%) Postman
10 146 (27.76%) REST
11 143 (27.19%) Python
12 139 (26.43%) C#
13 129 (24.52%) JavaScript
14 128 (24.33%) Azure
15 121 (23.00%) SQL
16 119 (22.62%) AWS
17 112 (21.29%) Test Strategy
18 111 (21.10%) Social Skills
19 108 (20.53%) JIRA
20 106 (20.15%) DevOps
21 88 (16.73%) Microservices
21 88 (16.73%) SQL Server
22 87 (16.54%) Docker
23 82 (15.59%) Kubernetes
23 82 (15.59%) Git (software)
24 80 (15.21%) Degree
25 76 (14.45%) Software Engineering
26 75 (14.26%) NoSQL
27 73 (13.88%) Relational Database
27 73 (13.88%) Serverless

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (12.74%) Confluence
2 15 (2.85%) CMS
3 14 (2.66%) Elasticsearch
4 12 (2.28%) Drupal
5 11 (2.09%) Apache Solr
6 8 (1.52%) Apache Spark
7 7 (1.33%) Apache
8 6 (1.14%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.38%) Oracle Workflow
10 1 (0.19%) Appian
10 1 (0.19%) Cloud Foundry
10 1 (0.19%) IIS
10 1 (0.19%) MS Exchange
10 1 (0.19%) SAS
10 1 (0.19%) WordPress
Applications
1 18 (3.42%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (1.52%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 1 (0.19%) Mingle
3 1 (0.19%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 3 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.38%) Hyperion Planning
2 2 (0.38%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 128 (24.33%) Azure
2 119 (22.62%) AWS
3 73 (13.88%) Serverless
4 57 (10.84%) GCP
5 16 (3.04%) SaaS
6 10 (1.90%) Amazon EC2
7 9 (1.71%) BrowserStack
8 8 (1.52%) Lucidchart
8 8 (1.52%) Power Platform
9 7 (1.33%) GitHub
9 7 (1.33%) Microsoft 365
10 6 (1.14%) AWS Lambda
11 5 (0.95%) Amazon S3
11 5 (0.95%) Azure Functions
11 5 (0.95%) Snowflake
12 4 (0.76%) Azure Data Factory
12 4 (0.76%) Trello
13 2 (0.38%) Azure Service Bus
14 1 (0.19%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 1 (0.19%) Azure Service Fabric
Communications & Networking
1 3 (0.57%) HTTP
2 2 (0.38%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.19%) Bluetooth
3 1 (0.19%) DNS
3 1 (0.19%) MQTT
3 1 (0.19%) RS-485
3 1 (0.19%) SMTP
3 1 (0.19%) SSH
3 1 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (16.73%) SQL Server
2 75 (14.26%) NoSQL
3 73 (13.88%) Relational Database
4 69 (13.12%) PostgreSQL
5 58 (11.03%) MongoDB
6 55 (10.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 33 (6.27%) Data Warehouse
8 21 (3.99%) Blockchain
9 20 (3.80%) Big Data
10 17 (3.23%) Data Lake
11 15 (2.85%) Amazon RDS
12 12 (2.28%) MySQL
12 12 (2.28%) SQL Server 2008
12 12 (2.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 11 (2.09%) Redis
14 9 (1.71%) Hadoop
15 8 (1.52%) Power BI
16 7 (1.33%) Amazon Redshift
16 7 (1.33%) Tableau
17 6 (1.14%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 190 (36.12%) Selenium
2 165 (31.37%) Cucumber
3 156 (29.66%) Jenkins
4 149 (28.33%) Postman
5 108 (20.53%) JIRA
6 82 (15.59%) Git (software)
7 52 (9.89%) SonarQube
8 48 (9.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 48 (9.13%) Cypress.io
9 35 (6.65%) TeamCity
10 32 (6.08%) SpecFlow
11 28 (5.32%) WebDriver
12 27 (5.13%) Robot Framework
13 16 (3.04%) Team Foundation Server
14 14 (2.66%) JMeter
15 13 (2.47%) Protractor
15 13 (2.47%) REST Assured
16 12 (2.28%) Appium
17 11 (2.09%) GitLab
17 11 (2.09%) webpack
General
1 166 (31.56%) Finance
2 111 (21.10%) Social Skills
3 52 (9.89%) Retail
4 48 (9.13%) Presentation Skills
5 46 (8.75%) Games
6 44 (8.37%) Influencing Skills
7 29 (5.51%) Analytical Skills
8 24 (4.56%) Advertising
9 23 (4.37%) Legal
10 15 (2.85%) Law
11 13 (2.47%) Publishing
12 7 (1.33%) Public Sector
13 6 (1.14%) Banking
13 6 (1.14%) Marketing
14 3 (0.57%) Documentation Skills
14 3 (0.57%) Front Office
15 2 (0.38%) Back Office
15 2 (0.38%) Brand Awareness
15 2 (0.38%) Organisational Skills
16 1 (0.19%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 150 (28.52%) QA Engineer
2 64 (12.17%) Developer
3 54 (10.27%) Automation Engineer
4 53 (10.08%) QA Automation Engineer
5 52 (9.89%) Technical Leader
6 51 (9.70%) Senior QA Engineer
7 40 (7.60%) Analyst
8 32 (6.08%) Tester
9 30 (5.70%) Test Engineer
10 23 (4.37%) Junior
11 22 (4.18%) Senior Test Engineer
12 21 (3.99%) Senior Developer
13 19 (3.61%) Data Engineer
13 19 (3.61%) E-Commerce Engineer
13 19 (3.61%) Games Engineer
14 18 (3.42%) QA Tester
15 15 (2.85%) Junior QA Engineer
16 14 (2.66%) .NET Developer
16 14 (2.66%) Quality Engineer
16 14 (2.66%) Senior Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 146 (27.76%) REST
2 70 (13.31%) Node.js
3 55 (10.46%) .NET
4 45 (8.56%) OAuth
4 45 (8.56%) OAuth2
4 45 (8.56%) OpenID
5 41 (7.79%) Gherkin
6 39 (7.41%) Web Services
7 38 (7.22%) React
8 37 (7.03%) SOAP
9 29 (5.51%) AngularJS
10 27 (5.13%) .NET Framework
10 27 (5.13%) HTML
11 26 (4.94%) WebdriverIO
12 21 (3.99%) CSS
13 18 (3.42%) ASP.NET
14 16 (3.04%) XML
15 15 (2.85%) jQuery
16 14 (2.66%) React Native
17 13 (2.47%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 38 (7.22%) Mobile App
2 26 (4.94%) User Experience
3 19 (3.61%) Self-Motivation
4 12 (2.28%) Equities
5 9 (1.71%) Derivative
5 9 (1.71%) OTC Derivatives
6 7 (1.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 6 (1.14%) Social Media
7 6 (1.14%) Video\Live Streaming
8 5 (0.95%) Video on Demand
9 4 (0.76%) Algorithms
9 4 (0.76%) Data Structures
9 4 (0.76%) Greenfield Project
9 4 (0.76%) Online Games
9 4 (0.76%) Virtual Team
10 3 (0.57%) Legacy Applications
11 2 (0.38%) Cloud Native
11 2 (0.38%) Management Information System
12 1 (0.19%) Client/Server
12 1 (0.19%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 30 (5.70%) Windows
2 22 (4.18%) Linux
3 16 (3.04%) Android
4 13 (2.47%) Apple iOS
4 13 (2.47%) Unix
5 4 (0.76%) Windows 10
6 2 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.19%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 253 (48.10%) Test Automation
2 226 (42.97%) Agile Software Development
3 160 (30.42%) API Testing
4 112 (21.29%) Test Strategy
5 106 (20.15%) DevOps
6 88 (16.73%) Microservices
7 76 (14.45%) Software Engineering
8 70 (13.31%) Fintech
9 62 (11.79%) SDET
10 59 (11.22%) Manual Testing
11 58 (11.03%) Scrum
12 57 (10.84%) Technical Leadership
13 56 (10.65%) Event-Driven
13 56 (10.65%) UML
14 53 (10.08%) Event-Driven Architecture
15 52 (9.89%) Code Coverage
15 52 (9.89%) Data Privacy
15 52 (9.89%) Process Management
15 52 (9.89%) QA Automation
16 49 (9.32%) Matrix Organization
Programming Languages
1 204 (38.78%) Java
2 143 (27.19%) Python
3 139 (26.43%) C#
4 129 (24.52%) JavaScript
5 121 (23.00%) SQL
6 60 (11.41%) C++
7 31 (5.89%) TypeScript
8 19 (3.61%) C
9 17 (3.23%) Groovy
10 12 (2.28%) T-SQL
10 12 (2.28%) VB
11 11 (2.09%) PHP
12 8 (1.52%) Bash Shell
12 8 (1.52%) R
13 6 (1.14%) Ruby
14 5 (0.95%) Kotlin
14 5 (0.95%) PowerShell
15 4 (0.76%) Go
16 3 (0.57%) Apple Swift
16 3 (0.57%) Perl
Qualifications
1 80 (15.21%) Degree
2 52 (9.89%) Master's Degree
3 17 (3.23%) ISTQB
4 11 (2.09%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (1.71%) ISEB
6 6 (1.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 3 (0.57%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 2 (0.38%) ITIL Certification
8 2 (0.38%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 1 (0.19%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.19%) SANS
9 1 (0.19%) SC Cleared
9 1 (0.19%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (8.75%) GDPR
2 14 (2.66%) Accessibility
2 14 (2.66%) Data Quality
3 6 (1.14%) PMO
3 6 (1.14%) WCAG
4 2 (0.38%) MiFID
4 2 (0.38%) SLA
5 1 (0.19%) GRC
5 1 (0.19%) ISO 9000
5 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 87 (16.54%) Docker
2 2 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 2 (0.38%) Firmware
3 1 (0.19%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 82 (15.59%) Kubernetes
2 10 (1.90%) Terraform
3 6 (1.14%) Ansible
4 5 (0.95%) Kubeflow
5 4 (0.76%) HP Quality Center
6 3 (0.57%) Puppet
7 2 (0.38%) Consul
7 2 (0.38%) Packer
8 1 (0.19%) Grafana
8 1 (0.19%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 57 (10.84%) Oracle
2 48 (9.13%) Microsoft
3 15 (2.85%) Atlassian
4 7 (1.33%) Talend
5 5 (0.95%) IBM
5 5 (0.95%) Informatica
5 5 (0.95%) SAP
6 4 (0.76%) AppDynamics
6 4 (0.76%) Xamarin
7 3 (0.57%) Alteryx
7 3 (0.57%) Dynatrace
7 3 (0.57%) Salesforce.com
7 3 (0.57%) SolarWinds
8 2 (0.38%) Google
8 2 (0.38%) Hyperion
8 2 (0.38%) PayPal
8 2 (0.38%) Red Hat
8 2 (0.38%) Sage
8 2 (0.38%) Splunk
9 1 (0.19%) ServiceNow