Period
to 7 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 7 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
Central London > City of London
6 months to
7 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 132 128 115
Rank change year-on-year -4 -13 -13
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 118 262 318
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 1.94% 2.51% 2.79%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.26% 8.05% 8.86%
Number of salaries quoted 112 240 291
Median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.69% +8.33%
10th Percentile £42,750 £41,250 £41,250
90th Percentile £117,500 £107,500 £90,000
Central London median annual salary £69,250 £70,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year -1.07% +12.00% +4.17%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 1,429 3,253 3,591
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 23.54% 31.15% 31.45%
Number of salaries quoted 1,239 2,932 3,240
Median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
90th Percentile £96,250 £97,500 £91,250
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in the City of London.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in the City of London over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the City of London

For the 6 months to 7 July 2020, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 67 (56.78%) SQL
2 59 (50.00%) RDBMS
3 46 (38.98%) Finance
3 46 (38.98%) Agile Software Development
4 43 (36.44%) Python
5 42 (35.59%) AWS
6 40 (33.90%) SQL Server
7 33 (27.97%) JavaScript
8 31 (26.27%) Java
8 31 (26.27%) Azure
9 29 (24.58%) C#
10 27 (22.88%) Oracle
11 26 (22.03%) .NET
12 24 (20.34%) Software Engineering
13 22 (18.64%) PostgreSQL
13 22 (18.64%) Docker
14 20 (16.95%) Data Warehouse
15 19 (16.10%) NoSQL
16 18 (15.25%) Analytical Skills
16 18 (15.25%) ETL
16 18 (15.25%) Degree
17 17 (14.41%) MySQL
17 17 (14.41%) Kafka
18 16 (13.56%) Big Data
18 16 (13.56%) TypeScript
18 16 (13.56%) Linux
19 15 (12.71%) OO
19 15 (12.71%) Computer Science
19 15 (12.71%) Test Automation
19 15 (12.71%) Microservices

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (10.17%) Apache Spark
2 8 (6.78%) Elasticsearch
3 5 (4.24%) Apache
4 3 (2.54%) Apache Pig
4 3 (2.54%) WebSphere
5 2 (1.69%) Apache Airflow
5 2 (1.69%) Luigi
5 2 (1.69%) Oracle Workflow
6 1 (0.85%) Confluence
6 1 (0.85%) OpenStack
Applications
1 10 (8.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (1.69%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.85%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 42 (35.59%) AWS
2 31 (26.27%) Azure
3 10 (8.47%) GCP
3 10 (8.47%) Power Platform
4 5 (4.24%) Amazon Kinesis
4 5 (4.24%) Amazon S3
4 5 (4.24%) AWS Lambda
4 5 (4.24%) Heroku
4 5 (4.24%) SaaS
4 5 (4.24%) Serverless
5 4 (3.39%) Amazon EC2
6 2 (1.69%) Amazon SQS
6 2 (1.69%) GitHub
6 2 (1.69%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 1 (0.85%) Amazon ECS
7 1 (0.85%) Amazon EMR
7 1 (0.85%) Azure Data Factory
7 1 (0.85%) Azure Stack
7 1 (0.85%) IaaS
7 1 (0.85%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 5 (4.24%) TCP/IP
2 3 (2.54%) AMQP
2 3 (2.54%) HTTP
3 2 (1.69%) DMZ
3 2 (1.69%) SWIFTNet
4 1 (0.85%) DHCP
4 1 (0.85%) DNS
4 1 (0.85%) Firewall
4 1 (0.85%) Internet
4 1 (0.85%) IPv6
4 1 (0.85%) MQTT
4 1 (0.85%) Network Security
4 1 (0.85%) SNMP
4 1 (0.85%) VPN
4 1 (0.85%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 59 (50.00%) RDBMS
2 40 (33.90%) SQL Server
3 22 (18.64%) PostgreSQL
4 20 (16.95%) Data Warehouse
5 19 (16.10%) NoSQL
6 17 (14.41%) MySQL
7 16 (13.56%) Big Data
8 13 (11.02%) Hadoop
9 11 (9.32%) Apache Cassandra
10 10 (8.47%) Power BI
11 8 (6.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 8 (6.78%) Apache Hive
11 8 (6.78%) OLAP
12 7 (5.93%) Oracle OLAP
12 7 (5.93%) Redis
12 7 (5.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 6 (5.08%) MongoDB
13 6 (5.08%) SQL Server 2016
13 6 (5.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 6 (5.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 12 (10.17%) Git (software)
2 5 (4.24%) Jenkins
2 5 (4.24%) Selenium
3 4 (3.39%) Ant
3 4 (3.39%) ERwin
3 4 (3.39%) JIRA
3 4 (3.39%) PowerDesigner
4 3 (2.54%) HP UFT
4 3 (2.54%) JUnit
4 3 (2.54%) LoadRunner
4 3 (2.54%) Octopus Deploy
4 3 (2.54%) SoapUI
4 3 (2.54%) TeamCity
4 3 (2.54%) Visual Studio Team System
5 2 (1.69%) Jasmine
5 2 (1.69%) NUnit
6 1 (0.85%) Cucumber
6 1 (0.85%) Mocha
6 1 (0.85%) PHPUnit
6 1 (0.85%) Subversion
General
1 46 (38.98%) Finance
2 4 (3.39%) Advertising
2 4 (3.39%) Retail
2 4 (3.39%) Telecoms
3 3 (2.54%) Legal
4 2 (1.69%) Automotive
4 2 (1.69%) Banking
4 2 (1.69%) Marketing
5 1 (0.85%) Back Office
5 1 (0.85%) Billing
5 1 (0.85%) Front Office
5 1 (0.85%) Games
Job Titles
1 54 (45.76%) Developer
2 17 (14.41%) Analyst
3 15 (12.71%) Junior
4 14 (11.86%) Junior Developer
5 12 (10.17%) Data Engineer
6 11 (9.32%) C# Developer
6 11 (9.32%) Java Developer
6 11 (9.32%) Senior Developer
7 9 (7.63%) Lead Developer
7 9 (7.63%) Python Developer
8 8 (6.78%) Full Stack Developer
9 7 (5.93%) .NET Developer
9 7 (5.93%) React Developer
10 6 (5.08%) Angular Developer
10 6 (5.08%) Architect
10 6 (5.08%) Data Architect
11 5 (4.24%) Big Data Engineer
11 5 (4.24%) Python Engineer
11 5 (4.24%) Risk Analyst
11 5 (4.24%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (22.03%) .NET
2 17 (14.41%) Kafka
3 14 (11.86%) React
3 14 (11.86%) RESTful
4 13 (11.02%) HTML
5 12 (10.17%) CSS
6 10 (8.47%) .NET Framework
6 10 (8.47%) AngularJS
7 9 (7.63%) .NET Core
7 9 (7.63%) REST
7 9 (7.63%) SOAP
7 9 (7.63%) Web Services
8 7 (5.93%) ASP.NET
8 7 (5.93%) Django
8 7 (5.93%) FIX Protocol
8 7 (5.93%) Node.js
8 7 (5.93%) Twitter Bootstrap
8 7 (5.93%) XML
9 6 (5.08%) JSON
10 4 (3.39%) Natural Language Processing
Miscellaneous
1 18 (15.25%) Analytical Skills
2 14 (11.86%) Derivative
3 11 (9.32%) Enterprise Software
3 11 (9.32%) Greenfield Project
4 8 (6.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 7 (5.93%) Algorithms
6 6 (5.08%) Data Structures
6 6 (5.08%) Fixed Income
6 6 (5.08%) Reference Data
7 4 (3.39%) Management Information System
7 4 (3.39%) User Experience
8 3 (2.54%) Data Centre
8 3 (2.54%) Virtual Team
9 2 (1.69%) e-Learning
10 1 (0.85%) Blog
10 1 (0.85%) Equities
10 1 (0.85%) Linux Command Line
10 1 (0.85%) Mobile App
10 1 (0.85%) Robotics
10 1 (0.85%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 16 (13.56%) Linux
2 8 (6.78%) Windows
3 5 (4.24%) Mac OS
4 2 (1.69%) CentOS
4 2 (1.69%) Unix
5 1 (0.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (0.85%) Ubuntu
5 1 (0.85%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 46 (38.98%) Agile Software Development
2 24 (20.34%) Software Engineering
3 18 (15.25%) ETL
4 15 (12.71%) Computer Science
4 15 (12.71%) Microservices
4 15 (12.71%) OO
4 15 (12.71%) Test Automation
5 14 (11.86%) Analytics
6 13 (11.02%) Stakeholder Management
6 13 (11.02%) Visualisation
7 12 (10.17%) Business Intelligence
7 12 (10.17%) Fintech
7 12 (10.17%) Migration
7 12 (10.17%) Problem-Solving
7 12 (10.17%) Requirements Gathering
7 12 (10.17%) Validation
8 11 (9.32%) Continuous Integration
8 11 (9.32%) Data Engineering
8 11 (9.32%) Data Management
8 11 (9.32%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 67 (56.78%) SQL
2 43 (36.44%) Python
3 33 (27.97%) JavaScript
4 31 (26.27%) Java
5 29 (24.58%) C#
6 16 (13.56%) TypeScript
7 8 (6.78%) R
7 8 (6.78%) Scala
7 8 (6.78%) VBA
8 5 (4.24%) T-SQL
9 4 (3.39%) Bash Shell
9 4 (3.39%) PL/SQL
10 3 (2.54%) PHP
10 3 (2.54%) Shell Script
11 2 (1.69%) C
11 2 (1.69%) Ruby
12 1 (0.85%) C++
12 1 (0.85%) Groovy
12 1 (0.85%) Korn
12 1 (0.85%) Perl
Qualifications
1 18 (15.25%) Degree
2 8 (6.78%) Computer Science Degree
3 4 (3.39%) AWS Certification
3 4 (3.39%) Master's Degree
4 1 (0.85%) ISEB
4 1 (0.85%) ISTQB
4 1 (0.85%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
4 1 (0.85%) PhD
4 1 (0.85%) Postgraduate
4 1 (0.85%) Six Sigma Black Belt
4 1 (0.85%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (11.86%) QA
2 6 (5.08%) Data Quality
3 3 (2.54%) PMO
4 1 (0.85%) GDPR
4 1 (0.85%) Solvency II
System Software
1 22 (18.64%) Docker
2 5 (4.24%) Apache Flume
3 3 (2.54%) HDFS
4 1 (0.85%) KVM
4 1 (0.85%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
4 1 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 12 (10.17%) Kubernetes
2 6 (5.08%) Terraform
3 5 (4.24%) Ansible
4 3 (2.54%) Hadoop YARN
5 2 (1.69%) Istio
5 2 (1.69%) linkerd
5 2 (1.69%) Oozie
6 1 (0.85%) Grafana
6 1 (0.85%) Kibana
6 1 (0.85%) Matomo
6 1 (0.85%) Packer
6 1 (0.85%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 27 (22.88%) Oracle
2 9 (7.63%) Tableau
3 7 (5.93%) Microsoft
4 5 (4.24%) Salesforce.com
5 4 (3.39%) Google
6 3 (2.54%) Cloudera
6 3 (2.54%) Hortonworks
6 3 (2.54%) MapR
6 3 (2.54%) Solace
7 2 (1.69%) IBM
7 2 (1.69%) Pega
7 2 (1.69%) Splunk
7 2 (1.69%) Talend
7 2 (1.69%) Zend
8 1 (0.85%) Cognos
8 1 (0.85%) Informatica
8 1 (0.85%) Red Hat
8 1 (0.85%) SAP
8 1 (0.85%) Sybase
8 1 (0.85%) Vermilion