Period
to 20 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 111 142 124
Rank change year-on-year +31 -18 -9
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 168 51 255
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 2.82% 1.40% 2.56%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.40% 5.04% 8.33%
Number of salaries quoted 141 49 229
10th Percentile £37,718 £45,750 £43,750
25th Percentile £56,250 £57,500 £53,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £67,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +14.81% -3.57% +16.67%
75th Percentile £101,250 £87,500 £92,500
90th Percentile £118,750 £106,000 £107,500
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +7.14% - +16.67%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 1,788 1,011 3,061
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 30.04% 27.74% 30.79%
Number of salaries quoted 1,581 847 2,752
10th Percentile £46,250 £42,400 £42,500
25th Percentile £56,250 £52,500 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £108,750 £100,000 £100,000
Central London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in the City of London.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the City of London

For the 6 months to 20 October 2021, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 96 (57.14%) Finance
2 88 (52.38%) Agile Software Development
2 88 (52.38%) AWS
3 86 (51.19%) Java
4 84 (50.00%) Python
5 81 (48.21%) Azure
6 79 (47.02%) SQL Server
7 73 (43.45%) QA
8 72 (42.86%) NoSQL
9 71 (42.26%) Social Skills
10 68 (40.48%) Oracle
11 65 (38.69%) C#
12 64 (38.10%) Degree
13 63 (37.50%) Test Automation
13 63 (37.50%) Docker
13 63 (37.50%) Kubernetes
14 62 (36.90%) SQL
15 61 (36.31%) Serverless
15 61 (36.31%) Microservices
16 60 (35.71%) GCP
16 60 (35.71%) PostgreSQL
17 55 (32.74%) Jenkins
18 54 (32.14%) Event-Driven Architecture
18 54 (32.14%) MongoDB
18 54 (32.14%) UML
18 54 (32.14%) Event-Driven
19 53 (31.55%) DevOps
20 52 (30.95%) Data Privacy
20 52 (30.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 52 (30.95%) SonarQube

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (23.21%) Confluence
2 18 (10.71%) Apache Spark
3 12 (7.14%) Apache
4 4 (2.38%) Apache Airflow
4 4 (2.38%) Oracle Coherence
5 2 (1.19%) SharePoint
6 1 (0.60%) Appian
6 1 (0.60%) IIS
6 1 (0.60%) Tornado
Applications
1 11 (6.55%) MS Visio
2 4 (2.38%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 3 (1.79%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.60%) IBM Planning Analytics
2 1 (0.60%) Northgate Housing
2 1 (0.60%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.60%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.60%) Relativity
2 1 (0.60%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 88 (52.38%) AWS
2 81 (48.21%) Azure
3 61 (36.31%) Serverless
4 60 (35.71%) GCP
5 15 (8.93%) Amazon EC2
6 9 (5.36%) GitHub
6 9 (5.36%) Lucidchart
7 8 (4.76%) Power Platform
8 7 (4.17%) Amazon S3
8 7 (4.17%) Snowflake
9 6 (3.57%) AWS CloudFormation
9 6 (3.57%) Azure Data Factory
9 6 (3.57%) SaaS
10 5 (2.98%) AWS Data Pipeline
11 4 (2.38%) Amazon SQS
11 4 (2.38%) Azure Functions
12 3 (1.79%) Amazon EMR
12 3 (1.79%) Amazon SageMaker
12 3 (1.79%) AWS Lambda
12 3 (1.79%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 4 (2.38%) HTTP
2 2 (1.19%) 5G
2 2 (1.19%) Broadband
3 1 (0.60%) DNS
3 1 (0.60%) Firewall
3 1 (0.60%) Internet
3 1 (0.60%) SMTP
3 1 (0.60%) SSL
3 1 (0.60%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 79 (47.02%) SQL Server
2 72 (42.86%) NoSQL
3 60 (35.71%) PostgreSQL
4 54 (32.14%) MongoDB
5 52 (30.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 29 (17.26%) Big Data
7 28 (16.67%) Data Warehouse
8 18 (10.71%) Data Lake
9 16 (9.52%) Amazon Redshift
10 15 (8.93%) Amazon RDS
11 14 (8.33%) RDBMS
12 12 (7.14%) Hadoop
13 8 (4.76%) MySQL
13 8 (4.76%) Power BI
14 7 (4.17%) Tableau
15 6 (3.57%) Blockchain
15 6 (3.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 6 (3.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 5 (2.98%) Spark SQL
16 5 (2.98%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 55 (32.74%) Jenkins
2 52 (30.95%) SonarQube
3 51 (30.36%) JIRA
4 45 (26.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 14 (8.33%) Git (software)
6 5 (2.98%) git-flow
7 4 (2.38%) Bitbucket
7 4 (2.38%) IntelliJ
7 4 (2.38%) Maven
8 3 (1.79%) JUnit
8 3 (1.79%) Sonatype Nexus
8 3 (1.79%) TeamCity
9 2 (1.19%) Eclipse
9 2 (1.19%) Octopus Deploy
10 1 (0.60%) AppScan
10 1 (0.60%) Gradle
10 1 (0.60%) Oracle APEX
10 1 (0.60%) PowerBuilder
10 1 (0.60%) Subversion
10 1 (0.60%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 96 (57.14%) Finance
2 71 (42.26%) Social Skills
3 47 (27.98%) Presentation Skills
4 44 (26.19%) Influencing Skills
5 24 (14.29%) Retail
6 22 (13.10%) Games
7 21 (12.50%) Analytical Skills
8 14 (8.33%) Advertising
9 9 (5.36%) Banking
10 6 (3.57%) Front Office
10 6 (3.57%) Legal
10 6 (3.57%) Marketing
11 5 (2.98%) Publishing
12 3 (1.79%) Law
12 3 (1.79%) Public Sector
13 2 (1.19%) Organisational Skills
14 1 (0.60%) Investment Banking
14 1 (0.60%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 53 (31.55%) Technical Leader
2 44 (26.19%) Developer
3 32 (19.05%) Data Engineer
4 24 (14.29%) Analyst
5 23 (13.69%) Java Developer
6 14 (8.33%) Senior Developer
7 13 (7.74%) Data Analyst
8 12 (7.14%) AWS Engineer
9 8 (4.76%) Business Data Analyst
9 8 (4.76%) Business Intelligence Analyst
9 8 (4.76%) Business Intelligence Data Analyst
9 8 (4.76%) Java Engineer
9 8 (4.76%) SQL Analyst
9 8 (4.76%) SQL Data Analyst
10 7 (4.17%) Big Data Engineer
10 7 (4.17%) Hadoop Engineer
11 6 (3.57%) Business Analyst
11 6 (3.57%) Senior Java Developer
12 4 (2.38%) Insurance Business Analyst
12 4 (2.38%) Principal Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (30.36%) Node.js
2 45 (26.79%) OAuth
2 45 (26.79%) OAuth2
2 45 (26.79%) OpenID
3 19 (11.31%) Spring
4 17 (10.12%) .NET
5 15 (8.93%) AngularJS
6 14 (8.33%) HTML
7 13 (7.74%) React
8 11 (6.55%) REST
8 11 (6.55%) RESTful
9 10 (5.95%) Kafka
10 8 (4.76%) CSS
10 8 (4.76%) HTML5
11 6 (3.57%) Spring Boot
12 5 (2.98%) ASP.NET
12 5 (2.98%) JSON
12 5 (2.98%) XML
13 4 (2.38%) Django
13 4 (2.38%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 13 (7.74%) Data Structures
2 9 (5.36%) Algorithms
3 7 (4.17%) Enterprise Software
3 7 (4.17%) Social Media
4 6 (3.57%) Derivative
5 5 (2.98%) Cloud Native
5 5 (2.98%) User Experience
6 4 (2.38%) Clustering
6 4 (2.38%) Mobile App
7 3 (1.79%) Data Centre
7 3 (1.79%) Equities
7 3 (1.79%) Fixed Income
7 3 (1.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 2 (1.19%) Equity Derivative
8 2 (1.19%) Legacy Systems
8 2 (1.19%) Management Information System
9 1 (0.60%) Credit Derivative
9 1 (0.60%) Credit Risk
9 1 (0.60%) Housing Association
9 1 (0.60%) Interest Rate Derivative
Operating Systems
1 19 (11.31%) Linux
2 11 (6.55%) Unix
3 7 (4.17%) Windows
4 3 (1.79%) Android
4 3 (1.79%) Apple iOS
5 2 (1.19%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.60%) Windows Server 2012
6 1 (0.60%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 88 (52.38%) Agile Software Development
2 63 (37.50%) Test Automation
3 61 (36.31%) Microservices
4 54 (32.14%) Event-Driven
4 54 (32.14%) Event-Driven Architecture
4 54 (32.14%) UML
5 53 (31.55%) DevOps
6 52 (30.95%) Code Coverage
6 52 (30.95%) Data Privacy
6 52 (30.95%) Process Management
6 52 (30.95%) Software Engineering
7 51 (30.36%) Technical Leadership
8 48 (28.57%) Benchmarking
9 47 (27.98%) Enterprise Architecture
9 47 (27.98%) Validation
10 46 (27.38%) Matrix Organization
10 46 (27.38%) OWASP
10 46 (27.38%) Strategic Roadmap
10 46 (27.38%) Threat Modelling
11 45 (26.79%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 86 (51.19%) Java
2 84 (50.00%) Python
3 65 (38.69%) C#
4 62 (36.90%) SQL
5 49 (29.17%) C++
6 15 (8.93%) JavaScript
7 9 (5.36%) C
8 8 (4.76%) R
9 7 (4.17%) PowerShell
9 7 (4.17%) T-SQL
10 3 (1.79%) Apex Code
10 3 (1.79%) Shell Script
11 2 (1.19%) Java 8
11 2 (1.19%) PHP
11 2 (1.19%) PL/SQL
11 2 (1.19%) TypeScript
12 1 (0.60%) Groovy
12 1 (0.60%) SOQL
12 1 (0.60%) VB
12 1 (0.60%) VBA
Qualifications
1 64 (38.10%) Degree
2 52 (30.95%) Master's Degree
3 4 (2.38%) CBAP
4 3 (1.79%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (1.19%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.60%) CEH
6 1 (0.60%) CISA
6 1 (0.60%) CISSP
6 1 (0.60%) EC-Council LPT
6 1 (0.60%) ECSA
6 1 (0.60%) IBM Certification
6 1 (0.60%) SANS
6 1 (0.60%) Tableau Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (43.45%) QA
2 45 (26.79%) GDPR
3 15 (8.93%) Data Quality
4 3 (1.79%) PMO
5 2 (1.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (1.19%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.60%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.60%) PSD2
6 1 (0.60%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.60%) SEPA
6 1 (0.60%) SLA
System Software
1 63 (37.50%) Docker
2 2 (1.19%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 63 (37.50%) Kubernetes
2 5 (2.98%) Kubeflow
3 4 (2.38%) Terraform
4 3 (1.79%) Ansible
5 2 (1.19%) Grafana
6 1 (0.60%) HP Fortify
6 1 (0.60%) Nessus
6 1 (0.60%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.60%) Puppet
6 1 (0.60%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 68 (40.48%) Oracle
2 19 (11.31%) Microsoft
3 13 (7.74%) Talend
4 4 (2.38%) Greenplum
5 3 (1.79%) Google
5 3 (1.79%) IBM
5 3 (1.79%) Salesforce.com
5 3 (1.79%) SAP
5 3 (1.79%) Solace
6 2 (1.19%) Dynatrace
6 2 (1.19%) Informatica
6 2 (1.19%) VMware
7 1 (0.60%) Databricks
7 1 (0.60%) Murex
7 1 (0.60%) Northgate
7 1 (0.60%) Pega
7 1 (0.60%) Qualys
7 1 (0.60%) Sybase
7 1 (0.60%) TIBCO
7 1 (0.60%) Trillium