Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
Central London > City of London
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 102 129 126
Rank change year-on-year +27 -3 -2
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 164 102 259
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 2.91% 1.93% 2.53%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.09% 7.98% 7.91%
Number of salaries quoted 135 94 229
10th Percentile £46,250 £47,500 £42,250
25th Percentile £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £72,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.90% +3.57% +12.00%
75th Percentile £101,250 £98,438 £90,000
90th Percentile £118,750 £117,500 £107,500
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £72,500 £67,500
% change year-on-year +3.45% +7.41% +9.31%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 1,626 1,278 3,276
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 28.85% 24.13% 32.01%
Number of salaries quoted 1,440 1,104 2,961
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £108,750 £96,250 £100,000
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in the City of London.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in the City of London over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the City of London

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 85 (51.83%) Agile Software Development
2 84 (51.22%) Azure
2 84 (51.22%) AWS
3 83 (50.61%) Python
4 81 (49.39%) SQL Server
4 81 (49.39%) Finance
5 74 (45.12%) Java
6 67 (40.85%) C#
7 66 (40.24%) Social Skills
8 64 (39.02%) NoSQL
9 61 (37.20%) QA
10 59 (35.98%) PostgreSQL
10 59 (35.98%) Docker
11 58 (35.37%) SQL
12 57 (34.76%) MongoDB
13 56 (34.15%) Microservices
13 56 (34.15%) Test Automation
14 55 (33.54%) DevOps
15 53 (32.32%) Jenkins
16 51 (31.10%) Oracle
17 48 (29.27%) Serverless
18 47 (28.66%) UML
19 46 (28.05%) Degree
19 46 (28.05%) Software Engineering
19 46 (28.05%) Kubernetes
20 44 (26.83%) GCP
21 43 (26.22%) Node.js
22 42 (25.61%) Event-Driven Architecture
22 42 (25.61%) Event-Driven
23 39 (23.78%) C++

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (15.85%) Confluence
2 20 (12.20%) Apache Spark
3 14 (8.54%) Apache
4 5 (3.05%) CMS
5 4 (2.44%) Apache Airflow
5 4 (2.44%) Oracle Coherence
6 1 (0.61%) Appian
6 1 (0.61%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (0.61%) EPiServer
6 1 (0.61%) IIS
6 1 (0.61%) SAS
6 1 (0.61%) SharePoint
Applications
1 7 (4.27%) MS Visio
2 3 (1.83%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (1.83%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (1.22%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.61%) IBM Planning Analytics
3 1 (0.61%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.61%) Relativity
3 1 (0.61%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 84 (51.22%) AWS
1 84 (51.22%) Azure
2 48 (29.27%) Serverless
3 44 (26.83%) GCP
4 17 (10.37%) Amazon EC2
5 10 (6.10%) Azure Data Factory
6 8 (4.88%) SaaS
7 7 (4.27%) Azure Functions
7 7 (4.27%) Power Platform
8 6 (3.66%) AWS Data Pipeline
8 6 (3.66%) Lucidchart
9 5 (3.05%) Snowflake
10 4 (2.44%) Amazon ECS
10 4 (2.44%) Amazon S3
10 4 (2.44%) AWS CloudFormation
10 4 (2.44%) GitHub
11 3 (1.83%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 3 (1.83%) Amazon Kinesis
11 3 (1.83%) AWS Lambda
11 3 (1.83%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 5 (3.05%) HTTP
2 3 (1.83%) 5G
2 3 (1.83%) Broadband
3 1 (0.61%) DNS
3 1 (0.61%) Firewall
3 1 (0.61%) Internet
3 1 (0.61%) SMTP
3 1 (0.61%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (49.39%) SQL Server
2 64 (39.02%) NoSQL
3 59 (35.98%) PostgreSQL
4 57 (34.76%) MongoDB
5 38 (23.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 33 (20.12%) RDBMS
7 26 (15.85%) Data Warehouse
8 24 (14.63%) Big Data
9 17 (10.37%) Data Lake
10 15 (9.15%) Amazon RDS
10 15 (9.15%) Amazon Redshift
11 14 (8.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 13 (7.93%) Hadoop
13 12 (7.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 11 (6.71%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 10 (6.10%) Azure SQL Database
15 10 (6.10%) SQL Server 2012
16 8 (4.88%) InfluxDB
17 7 (4.27%) Power BI
17 7 (4.27%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 53 (32.32%) Jenkins
2 38 (23.17%) SonarQube
3 37 (22.56%) JIRA
4 35 (21.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 25 (15.24%) Git (software)
6 14 (8.54%) Octopus Deploy
7 9 (5.49%) TeamCity
8 6 (3.66%) Team Foundation Server
8 6 (3.66%) Visual Studio Coded UI
9 4 (2.44%) Bitbucket
9 4 (2.44%) IntelliJ
9 4 (2.44%) Maven
10 3 (1.83%) JUnit
10 3 (1.83%) Sonatype Nexus
10 3 (1.83%) Travis CI
11 2 (1.22%) git-flow
12 1 (0.61%) Gradle
12 1 (0.61%) gulp
12 1 (0.61%) jspm
12 1 (0.61%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 81 (49.39%) Finance
2 66 (40.24%) Social Skills
3 35 (21.34%) Presentation Skills
4 34 (20.73%) Influencing Skills
5 25 (15.24%) Retail
6 21 (12.80%) Analytical Skills
7 18 (10.98%) Games
8 14 (8.54%) Banking
9 10 (6.10%) Advertising
9 10 (6.10%) Marketing
10 8 (4.88%) Front Office
11 4 (2.44%) Financial Institution
12 3 (1.83%) Investment Banking
12 3 (1.83%) Legal
13 2 (1.22%) Public Sector
13 2 (1.22%) Publishing
13 2 (1.22%) Telecoms
14 1 (0.61%) Documentation Skills
14 1 (0.61%) Law
14 1 (0.61%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 62 (37.80%) Developer
2 39 (23.78%) Technical Leader
3 31 (18.90%) Data Engineer
4 20 (12.20%) Java Developer
5 17 (10.37%) Senior Developer
6 12 (7.32%) AWS Engineer
7 10 (6.10%) .NET Developer
7 10 (6.10%) Salesforce Developer
8 9 (5.49%) DBA
8 9 (5.49%) Junior
8 9 (5.49%) Junior Developer
9 8 (4.88%) Analyst
9 8 (4.88%) Java Engineer
9 8 (4.88%) Senior DBA
9 8 (4.88%) Senior SQL DBA
9 8 (4.88%) Senior SQL Server DBA
9 8 (4.88%) SQL DBA
9 8 (4.88%) SQL Server DBA
10 7 (4.27%) Big Data Engineer
10 7 (4.27%) Hadoop Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 43 (26.22%) Node.js
2 36 (21.95%) OAuth
3 35 (21.34%) OAuth2
3 35 (21.34%) OpenID
4 31 (18.90%) REST
5 27 (16.46%) .NET
6 23 (14.02%) AngularJS
6 23 (14.02%) React
7 19 (11.59%) HTML
8 17 (10.37%) XML
9 16 (9.76%) Spring
10 14 (8.54%) Kafka
10 14 (8.54%) Web Services
11 13 (7.93%) CSS
11 13 (7.93%) JSON
12 10 (6.10%) ASP.NET Web API
12 10 (6.10%) HTML5
12 10 (6.10%) SOAP
12 10 (6.10%) Visualforce
13 9 (5.49%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 26 (15.85%) Data Structures
2 11 (6.71%) Clustering
3 9 (5.49%) Algorithms
4 6 (3.66%) Derivative
4 6 (3.66%) Fixed Income
5 5 (3.05%) Data Centre
5 5 (3.05%) Enterprise Software
5 5 (3.05%) Social Media
5 5 (3.05%) User Experience
6 4 (2.44%) Cloud Native
7 3 (1.83%) Equities
7 3 (1.83%) Equity Derivative
7 3 (1.83%) Legacy Systems
8 2 (1.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 2 (1.22%) Mobile App
8 2 (1.22%) Virtual Team
9 1 (0.61%) Cyberthreat
9 1 (0.61%) PMI
9 1 (0.61%) Public Cloud
9 1 (0.61%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 20 (12.20%) Linux
2 12 (7.32%) Windows
3 9 (5.49%) Unix
4 1 (0.61%) Android
4 1 (0.61%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.61%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 85 (51.83%) Agile Software Development
2 56 (34.15%) Microservices
2 56 (34.15%) Test Automation
3 55 (33.54%) DevOps
4 47 (28.66%) UML
5 46 (28.05%) Software Engineering
6 42 (25.61%) Event-Driven
6 42 (25.61%) Event-Driven Architecture
7 38 (23.17%) Benchmarking
7 38 (23.17%) Code Coverage
7 38 (23.17%) Data Privacy
7 38 (23.17%) Process Management
8 37 (22.56%) Technical Leadership
8 37 (22.56%) Validation
9 36 (21.95%) Enterprise Architecture
9 36 (21.95%) Matrix Organization
10 35 (21.34%) Data Protection
10 35 (21.34%) Identity Management
10 35 (21.34%) OWASP
10 35 (21.34%) Technical Architecture
Programming Languages
1 83 (50.61%) Python
2 74 (45.12%) Java
3 67 (40.85%) C#
4 58 (35.37%) SQL
5 39 (23.78%) C++
6 32 (19.51%) JavaScript
7 18 (10.98%) T-SQL
8 13 (7.93%) PowerShell
9 10 (6.10%) Apex Code
10 9 (5.49%) SOQL
11 5 (3.05%) R
12 4 (2.44%) Bash Shell
12 4 (2.44%) C
12 4 (2.44%) PHP
12 4 (2.44%) TypeScript
13 3 (1.83%) Go
13 3 (1.83%) Shell Script
14 2 (1.22%) Java 8
14 2 (1.22%) PL/SQL
15 1 (0.61%) VB
Qualifications
1 46 (28.05%) Degree
2 37 (22.56%) Master's Degree
3 3 (1.83%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (1.22%) CBAP
4 2 (1.22%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.61%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (37.20%) QA
2 36 (21.95%) GDPR
3 4 (2.44%) Data Quality
4 3 (1.83%) PMO
5 2 (1.22%) PSD2
6 1 (0.61%) COBIT
6 1 (0.61%) SEPA
System Software
1 59 (35.98%) Docker
2 8 (4.88%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 46 (28.05%) Kubernetes
2 9 (5.49%) Terraform
3 8 (4.88%) Ansible
3 8 (4.88%) Grafana
4 2 (1.22%) Kubeflow
5 1 (0.61%) MIIS
Vendors
1 51 (31.10%) Oracle
2 14 (8.54%) Microsoft
3 13 (7.93%) Talend
4 10 (6.10%) Salesforce.com
5 8 (4.88%) VMware
6 4 (2.44%) Google
6 4 (2.44%) Greenplum
7 3 (1.83%) Solace
8 2 (1.22%) Dynatrace
8 2 (1.22%) IBM
8 2 (1.22%) SAP
8 2 (1.22%) ServiceNow
9 1 (0.61%) Atlassian
9 1 (0.61%) Informatica
9 1 (0.61%) MicroStrategy
9 1 (0.61%) Murex
9 1 (0.61%) Pega
9 1 (0.61%) Remedy
9 1 (0.61%) TIBCO
9 1 (0.61%) Trillium