Period
to 7 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 7 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
Central London > City of London
6 months to
7 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 124 121 114
Rank change year-on-year -3 -7 -23
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 192 263 291
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 2.24% 2.55% 2.70%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.36% 8.39% 8.59%
Number of salaries quoted 182 227 265
Median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +12.00% +13.64%
10th Percentile £42,625 £41,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £113,750 £100,000 £90,000
Central London median annual salary £69,250 £70,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year -1.07% +16.67% +9.09%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 2,052 3,134 3,387
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 23.95% 30.38% 31.38%
Number of salaries quoted 1,789 2,810 3,000
Median annual salary £67,500 £67,500 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £41,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £97,500 £90,000
Central London median annual salary £69,525 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +6.96% +8.33% +4.16%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in the City of London.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in the City of London over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the City of London region over the 6 months to 7 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -10 1 £80,000 +45.45%
Relational Database
Central London

For the 6 months to 7 April 2020, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 98 (51.04%) SQL
2 80 (41.67%) Python
3 70 (36.46%) RDBMS
4 66 (34.38%) Java
4 66 (34.38%) AWS
5 65 (33.85%) Finance
6 64 (33.33%) Agile Software Development
7 56 (29.17%) SQL Server
8 49 (25.52%) Azure
9 48 (25.00%) PostgreSQL
10 44 (22.92%) JavaScript
11 43 (22.40%) Docker
12 41 (21.35%) Oracle
12 41 (21.35%) Software Engineering
13 36 (18.75%) Linux
14 35 (18.23%) C#
14 35 (18.23%) Degree
15 33 (17.19%) MySQL
15 33 (17.19%) Fintech
16 31 (16.15%) Computer Science
17 30 (15.63%) Git (software)
17 30 (15.63%) RESTful
18 29 (15.10%) Visualisation
18 29 (15.10%) Data Warehouse
19 28 (14.58%) DevOps
20 27 (14.06%) Analytics
20 27 (14.06%) NoSQL
20 27 (14.06%) .NET
21 26 (13.54%) ETL
21 26 (13.54%) Big Data

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (8.85%) Elasticsearch
2 11 (5.73%) Apache Spark
3 7 (3.65%) OpenStack
4 5 (2.60%) Apache
4 5 (2.60%) Apache Airflow
5 4 (2.08%) Confluence
5 4 (2.08%) Oracle Workflow
5 4 (2.08%) WebSphere
6 3 (1.56%) Apache Pig
6 3 (1.56%) Luigi
6 3 (1.56%) Tomcat
6 3 (1.56%) WebSphere Application Server
7 2 (1.04%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 2 (1.04%) Apache Solr
7 2 (1.04%) CMS
7 2 (1.04%) JBoss
7 2 (1.04%) Jupyter
7 2 (1.04%) SharePoint
8 1 (0.52%) CICS
8 1 (0.52%) SAS
Applications
1 13 (6.77%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (2.08%) Payment Gateway
2 2 (1.04%) Magento
2 2 (1.04%) SAP Hybris
2 2 (1.04%) SDL Web 8
3 1 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 66 (34.38%) AWS
2 49 (25.52%) Azure
3 20 (10.42%) GCP
4 11 (5.73%) Power Platform
4 11 (5.73%) Serverless
5 7 (3.65%) Azure Stack
6 5 (2.60%) Amazon S3
6 5 (2.60%) AWS Lambda
6 5 (2.60%) SaaS
7 4 (2.08%) Heroku
8 3 (1.56%) Amazon ECS
8 3 (1.56%) Cloud Computing
8 3 (1.56%) GitHub
9 2 (1.04%) Amazon EMR
9 2 (1.04%) Amazon Kinesis
9 2 (1.04%) Amazon SageMaker
9 2 (1.04%) Amazon SQS
9 2 (1.04%) Azure Data Factory
9 2 (1.04%) PaaS
9 2 (1.04%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 4 (2.08%) HTTP
2 3 (1.56%) Internet
3 2 (1.04%) DMZ
3 2 (1.04%) SWIFTNet
3 2 (1.04%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.52%) DHCP
4 1 (0.52%) DNS
4 1 (0.52%) Firewall
4 1 (0.52%) IPv6
4 1 (0.52%) MQTT
4 1 (0.52%) Network Security
4 1 (0.52%) SAN
4 1 (0.52%) SNMP
4 1 (0.52%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (36.46%) RDBMS
2 56 (29.17%) SQL Server
3 48 (25.00%) PostgreSQL
4 33 (17.19%) MySQL
5 29 (15.10%) Data Warehouse
6 27 (14.06%) NoSQL
7 26 (13.54%) Big Data
8 18 (9.38%) MongoDB
9 17 (8.85%) Apache Cassandra
10 15 (7.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 14 (7.29%) Redis
12 13 (6.77%) Hadoop
13 11 (5.73%) Power BI
14 10 (5.21%) HBase
14 10 (5.21%) Snowflake Schema
14 10 (5.21%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 9 (4.69%) CouchDB
15 9 (4.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 9 (4.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 8 (4.17%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 30 (15.63%) Git (software)
2 24 (12.50%) Jenkins
3 10 (5.21%) Selenium
4 8 (4.17%) Octopus Deploy
4 8 (4.17%) TeamCity
4 8 (4.17%) Vagrant
5 7 (3.65%) ERwin
5 7 (3.65%) JIRA
5 7 (3.65%) PowerDesigner
5 7 (3.65%) Sonatype Nexus
6 5 (2.60%) Ant
6 5 (2.60%) Newman
6 5 (2.60%) Oracle APEX
6 5 (2.60%) Postman
6 5 (2.60%) Subversion
7 4 (2.08%) Visual Studio Team System
8 3 (1.56%) Jasmine
8 3 (1.56%) JUnit
8 3 (1.56%) NUnit
8 3 (1.56%) Visual Studio
General
1 65 (33.85%) Finance
2 10 (5.21%) Advertising
3 8 (4.17%) Legal
4 7 (3.65%) Banking
5 6 (3.13%) Marketing
5 6 (3.13%) Retail
6 4 (2.08%) Telecoms
7 2 (1.04%) Automotive
7 2 (1.04%) Law
8 1 (0.52%) Back Office
8 1 (0.52%) Billing
8 1 (0.52%) Games
8 1 (0.52%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.52%) Music Industry
8 1 (0.52%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 72 (37.50%) Developer
2 22 (11.46%) Data Engineer
3 20 (10.42%) Analyst
3 20 (10.42%) Architect
4 19 (9.90%) Java Developer
5 15 (7.81%) Python Developer
6 14 (7.29%) Data Architect
6 14 (7.29%) Junior
7 11 (5.73%) Junior Developer
7 11 (5.73%) Lead Developer
7 11 (5.73%) Senior Developer
8 10 (5.21%) .NET Developer
8 10 (5.21%) Software Engineer
9 8 (4.17%) C# Developer
9 8 (4.17%) Support Analyst
10 7 (3.65%) DevOps Engineer
11 6 (3.13%) Data Manager
11 6 (3.13%) Development Team Leader
11 6 (3.13%) Full Stack Developer
11 6 (3.13%) Team Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (15.63%) RESTful
2 27 (14.06%) .NET
3 20 (10.42%) SOAP
4 19 (9.90%) Kafka
4 19 (9.90%) React
5 18 (9.38%) HTML
6 16 (8.33%) REST
7 15 (7.81%) Spring
7 15 (7.81%) XML
8 14 (7.29%) AngularJS
9 12 (6.25%) CSS
10 11 (5.73%) Web Services
11 10 (5.21%) Django
11 10 (5.21%) Pandas
12 9 (4.69%) FIX Protocol
13 8 (4.17%) JSON
13 8 (4.17%) Node.js
13 8 (4.17%) NumPy
13 8 (4.17%) Spring Boot
13 8 (4.17%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 24 (12.50%) Analytical Skills
2 15 (7.81%) Data Structures
2 15 (7.81%) Derivative
3 10 (5.21%) Enterprise Software
3 10 (5.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 10 (5.21%) Management Information System
4 9 (4.69%) Reference Data
5 7 (3.65%) Algorithms
6 6 (3.13%) Greenfield Project
6 6 (3.13%) Self-Motivation
6 6 (3.13%) User Experience
7 5 (2.60%) Fixed Income
7 5 (2.60%) Virtual Team
8 3 (1.56%) Linux Command Line
9 2 (1.04%) e-Learning
9 2 (1.04%) iPad
9 2 (1.04%) Taxonomies
10 1 (0.52%) Blog
10 1 (0.52%) IBM Mainframe
10 1 (0.52%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 36 (18.75%) Linux
2 10 (5.21%) Windows
3 9 (4.69%) CentOS
4 8 (4.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 6 (3.13%) Ubuntu
6 4 (2.08%) Mac OS
6 4 (2.08%) Unix
6 4 (2.08%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.52%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.52%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 64 (33.33%) Agile Software Development
2 41 (21.35%) Software Engineering
3 33 (17.19%) Fintech
4 31 (16.15%) Computer Science
5 29 (15.10%) Visualisation
6 28 (14.58%) DevOps
7 27 (14.06%) Analytics
8 26 (13.54%) ETL
9 25 (13.02%) Problem-Solving
10 22 (11.46%) Stakeholder Management
11 21 (10.94%) Microservices
12 20 (10.42%) OO
13 19 (9.90%) Business Intelligence
13 19 (9.90%) Data Modelling
14 18 (9.38%) Data Engineering
15 17 (8.85%) Data Architecture
15 17 (8.85%) Data Management
15 17 (8.85%) Test Automation
16 16 (8.33%) Continuous Integration
16 16 (8.33%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 98 (51.04%) SQL
2 80 (41.67%) Python
3 66 (34.38%) Java
4 44 (22.92%) JavaScript
5 35 (18.23%) C#
6 18 (9.38%) Bash Shell
7 13 (6.77%) Scala
8 12 (6.25%) R
9 11 (5.73%) T-SQL
10 10 (5.21%) Groovy
10 10 (5.21%) TypeScript
11 8 (4.17%) Korn
11 8 (4.17%) Ruby
12 7 (3.65%) C++
12 7 (3.65%) PL/SQL
13 5 (2.60%) VBA
14 4 (2.08%) Kotlin
14 4 (2.08%) Shell Script
14 4 (2.08%) VB
15 3 (1.56%) Perl
Qualifications
1 35 (18.23%) Degree
2 14 (7.29%) Computer Science Degree
3 7 (3.65%) AWS Certification
3 7 (3.65%) Master's Degree
4 3 (1.56%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
4 3 (1.56%) Postgraduate
5 2 (1.04%) CFA
5 2 (1.04%) ISEB
5 2 (1.04%) ISTQB
5 2 (1.04%) PhD
6 1 (0.52%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 1 (0.52%) PMI Certification
6 1 (0.52%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (9.90%) QA
2 16 (8.33%) Data Quality
3 3 (1.56%) SLA
4 2 (1.04%) PMO
5 1 (0.52%) GDPR
5 1 (0.52%) Solvency II
System Software
1 43 (22.40%) Docker
2 7 (3.65%) KVM
2 7 (3.65%) VMware Infrastructure
3 5 (2.60%) Apache Flume
4 3 (1.56%) HDFS
5 1 (0.52%) ACF2
5 1 (0.52%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.52%) NFS
5 1 (0.52%) RACF
5 1 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 23 (11.98%) Kubernetes
2 21 (10.94%) Ansible
3 10 (5.21%) Grafana
3 10 (5.21%) Terraform
4 7 (3.65%) Packer
5 5 (2.60%) Data Guard
5 5 (2.60%) Istio
5 5 (2.60%) Kibana
5 5 (2.60%) linkerd
5 5 (2.60%) Matomo
5 5 (2.60%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
5 5 (2.60%) Oracle RMAN
5 5 (2.60%) Prometheus
6 3 (1.56%) Hadoop YARN
6 3 (1.56%) Oozie
6 3 (1.56%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (1.56%) Puppet
7 1 (0.52%) HP ALM
7 1 (0.52%) MIIS
7 1 (0.52%) Salt
Vendors
1 41 (21.35%) Oracle
2 11 (5.73%) Microsoft
2 11 (5.73%) Tableau
3 8 (4.17%) Google
3 8 (4.17%) VMware
4 6 (3.13%) Red Hat
4 6 (3.13%) Salesforce.com
4 6 (3.13%) Sybase
5 5 (2.60%) IBM
6 4 (2.08%) Intapp
6 4 (2.08%) Pega
7 3 (1.56%) Atlassian
7 3 (1.56%) Cloudera
7 3 (1.56%) Cognos
7 3 (1.56%) Hortonworks
7 3 (1.56%) MapR
7 3 (1.56%) SAP
8 2 (1.04%) Adobe
8 2 (1.04%) ATG
8 2 (1.04%) Interwoven