The table below looks at the statistics for knowledge and experience of Microsoft products and/or services in IT contracts advertised for the South East region. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited Microsoft over the 3 months to 28 September 2016 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

The figures below represent the IT contractor job market in general and are not representative of contractor rates within the Microsoft Corporation.

3 months to
28 Sep 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Microsoft
Rank 5 7 5
Rank change year-on-year
+2 -2
Contract jobs citing Microsoft 1134 1360 1296
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the South East 13.54% 13.70% 14.17%
As % of the Vendors category 28.37% 28.69% 30.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 657 782 661
Median daily rate £375 £350 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+7.14% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £170 £197 £160
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £475 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £350 £340
% change year-on-year
- +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 93 113 161
Median hourly rate £14.00 £16.00 £15.06
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-12.50% +6.22%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £9.50 £9.75 £10.91
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £42.00 £30.90 £30.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.00 £14.50 £15.00
% change year-on-year
+3.44% -3.33%
Microsoft
England

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Vendors category in contract jobs advertised in the South East region.

Vendors Category
South East
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Vendors category
3997 4741 4238
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the South East 47.71% 47.77% 46.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 2346 2720 2184
Median daily rate £400 £375 £360
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.66% +4.16%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £225 £238 £220
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £350
% change year-on-year
- +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 194 209 271
Median hourly rate £16.50 £20.00 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-17.50% +17.64%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.00 £11.00 £11.35
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.50 £47.73 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £17.89 £18.00
% change year-on-year
+0.64% -0.63%

Microsoft
Jobs Demand Trend in the South East

The demand trend of contract jobs across the South East region citing Microsoft as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Vendors category.

Microsoft Jobs Demand Trend in the South East

Microsoft
Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing Microsoft across the South East region.

Microsoft Daily Rate Trend in the South East

Microsoft
Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing Microsoft across the South East region over the 3 months to 28 September 2016.

Microsoft Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

Microsoft
Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing Microsoft across the South East region.

Microsoft Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

Microsoft
Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing Microsoft across the South East region over the 3 months to 28 September 2016.

Microsoft Hourly Rate Histogram in the South East

Microsoft
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Microsoft within the South East region over the 3 months to 28 September 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hampshire +2 349 £350 -3.44% 75
Berkshire -1 261 £400 +14.28% 60
Surrey 0 177 £375 +7.14% 61
Buckinghamshire -3 118 £413 +37.50% 29
Oxfordshire -10 90 £325 -7.14% 39
West Sussex -8 52 £365 -5.80% 19
Kent +3 34 £325 -2.98% 24
East Sussex 0 15 £320 -11.11% 14
Middlesex +8 14 £325 -19.60% 1
Thames Valley -2 2 £700 +100.00%
Sussex +6 1 - -
Home Counties +3 1 £270 -
Isle of Wight - 1 £135 -
Microsoft
England

Microsoft
Top 30 Related IT Skills in the South East

For the 6 months to 28 September 2016, IT contractor jobs citing Microsoft also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the South East region with a requirement for Microsoft.

1 848 (37.21%) Windows
2 836 (36.68%) MS Excel
3 607 (26.63%) Active Directory
4 543 (23.83%) MS Office
5 451 (19.79%) Security Cleared
6 447 (19.61%) SQL
7 431 (18.91%) SQL Server
8 357 (15.66%) .NET
9 344 (15.09%) VMware
10 343 (15.05%) ITIL
11 339 (14.87%) Windows Server
12 329 (14.44%) C#
13 315 (13.82%) SC Cleared
14 309 (13.56%) Finance
15 304 (13.34%) Agile Software Development
16 274 (12.02%) SharePoint
17 267 (11.72%) Microsoft Azure
18 243 (10.66%) PowerShell
19 242 (10.62%) Office 365
20 232 (10.18%) Linux
21 224 (9.83%) Oracle
22 219 (9.61%) Migration
23 216 (9.48%) MS Exchange
24 213 (9.35%) Project Management
25 207 (9.08%) VMware Infrastructure
26 202 (8.86%) Windows Server 2008
27 198 (8.69%) Microsoft Certification
28 193 (8.47%) Analytical Skills
29 192 (8.42%) JavaScript
30 187 (8.21%) SCCM

Microsoft
Top Related IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 274 (12.02%) SharePoint
2 216 (9.48%) MS Exchange
3 101 (4.43%) Skype for Business
4 78 (3.42%) IIS
5 71 (3.12%) Exchange Server 2010
6 49 (2.15%) SharePoint 2013
7 48 (2.11%) BizTalk Server
8 35 (1.54%) Exchange Server 2013
9 29 (1.27%) CMS
10 28 (1.23%) Exchange Server 2007
11 24 (1.05%) Exchange Server 2003
12 18 (0.79%) SharePoint 2010
12 18 (0.79%) WebLogic
13 16 (0.70%) Office Communications Server
14 15 (0.66%) Apache
15 14 (0.61%) SharePoint Server
16 13 (0.57%) SAS
17 11 (0.48%) MS Project Server
18 9 (0.39%) Documentum
19 8 (0.35%) WebSphere
Applications
1 836 (36.68%) MS Excel
2 543 (23.83%) MS Office
3 133 (5.84%) MS PowerPoint
4 125 (5.48%) MS Visio
5 107 (4.70%) MS Project
6 21 (0.92%) Spreadsheet
7 8 (0.35%) InfoPath
7 8 (0.35%) Photoshop
8 7 (0.31%) Acrobat
9 6 (0.26%) AutoCAD
9 6 (0.26%) ProjectWise
10 4 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 4 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
11 3 (0.13%) InDesign
12 2 (0.088%) Adobe Captivate
12 2 (0.088%) Mingle
12 2 (0.088%) SOLIDWORKS
13 1 (0.044%) Revit
13 1 (0.044%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 99 (4.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 31 (1.36%) Dynamics AX
3 25 (1.10%) Dynamics NAV
4 20 (0.88%) Remedy ITSM
5 12 (0.53%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 7 (0.31%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 7 (0.31%) SAP hybris
7 6 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
8 5 (0.22%) Maximo
9 4 (0.18%) Remedy AR System
9 4 (0.18%) ResourceLink
9 4 (0.18%) SAP HR
10 3 (0.13%) Aligne
10 3 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
10 3 (0.13%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 3 (0.13%) Sage X3
11 2 (0.088%) assyst
11 2 (0.088%) Dynamics GP
11 2 (0.088%) SAP FI
12 1 (0.044%) arcHouse
Cloud Services
1 267 (11.72%) Microsoft Azure
2 242 (10.62%) Office 365
3 80 (3.51%) IaaS
4 78 (3.42%) Amazon AWS
5 50 (2.19%) PaaS
6 28 (1.23%) SaaS
7 25 (1.10%) Azure Active Directory
8 20 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
9 13 (0.57%) Yammer
10 8 (0.35%) OneDrive
11 7 (0.31%) Boomi
12 5 (0.22%) Mimecast
13 4 (0.18%) GitHub
14 3 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Cloud
15 2 (0.088%) Adobe Analytics
15 2 (0.088%) Amazon S3
15 2 (0.088%) Azure Machine Learning
15 2 (0.088%) Google Analytics
15 2 (0.088%) SmartFocus
15 2 (0.088%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 171 (7.50%) DNS
2 116 (5.09%) Firewall
3 110 (4.83%) TCP/IP
4 102 (4.48%) DHCP
5 100 (4.39%) SAN
6 93 (4.08%) LAN
7 85 (3.73%) Internet
8 82 (3.60%) WAN
9 74 (3.25%) VPN
10 62 (2.72%) Skype
11 56 (2.46%) LDAP
12 45 (1.97%) Wireless
13 41 (1.80%) SSL
14 38 (1.67%) FTP
15 36 (1.58%) HTTP
15 36 (1.58%) IPsec
16 34 (1.49%) SMTP
17 31 (1.36%) VoIP
18 30 (1.32%) Kerberos
19 28 (1.23%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 431 (18.91%) SQL Server
2 93 (4.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
3 89 (3.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 88 (3.86%) Data Warehouse
5 71 (3.12%) SQL Server 2008
6 61 (2.68%) Oracle Database
7 54 (2.37%) Relational Database
8 47 (2.06%) SQL Server 2012
9 44 (1.93%) MS Access
9 44 (1.93%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 33 (1.45%) BusinessObjects
10 33 (1.45%) Oracle Database 11g
11 26 (1.14%) Azure SQL Database
11 26 (1.14%) GIS
12 23 (1.01%) RDBMS
12 23 (1.01%) SQL Server 2014
13 22 (0.97%) Power BI
14 20 (0.88%) MySQL
14 20 (0.88%) Oracle Database 12c
15 16 (0.70%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 139 (6.10%) Team Foundation Server
2 122 (5.35%) Visual Studio
3 61 (2.68%) Git (software)
4 55 (2.41%) Selenium
5 38 (1.67%) SpecFlow
6 36 (1.58%) JIRA
7 34 (1.49%) Subversion
8 33 (1.45%) Jenkins
9 31 (1.36%) NUnit
10 28 (1.23%) TeamCity
11 21 (0.92%) MSI
11 21 (0.92%) Oracle APEX
12 15 (0.66%) HP UFT
13 14 (0.61%) LoadRunner
13 14 (0.61%) WebDriver
14 13 (0.57%) Octopus Deploy
15 12 (0.53%) WiX
16 11 (0.48%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
17 9 (0.39%) MSBuild
17 9 (0.39%) NuGet
General
1 309 (13.56%) Finance
2 125 (5.48%) Telecoms
3 81 (3.55%) Marketing
4 74 (3.25%) Retail
5 43 (1.89%) Advertising
6 32 (1.40%) Manufacturing
7 31 (1.36%) Banking
8 28 (1.23%) Military
9 26 (1.14%) German Language
10 22 (0.97%) Back Office
11 19 (0.83%) Electronics
12 18 (0.79%) French Language
12 18 (0.79%) Spanish Language
13 16 (0.70%) Legal
14 15 (0.66%) Publishing
15 13 (0.57%) Italian Language
16 11 (0.48%) Billing
17 9 (0.39%) Law
18 8 (0.35%) Financial Institution
19 7 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 370 (16.24%) Analyst
2 360 (15.80%) Developer
3 219 (9.61%) Architect
4 155 (6.80%) Support Engineer
5 146 (6.41%) Consultant
6 142 (6.23%) Project Manager
7 141 (6.19%) .NET Developer
8 98 (4.30%) Service Analyst
9 92 (4.04%) C# Developer
10 90 (3.95%) Service Desk Analyst
11 78 (3.42%) Support Analyst
12 67 (2.94%) Administrator
12 67 (2.94%) C# .NET Developer
12 67 (2.94%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 57 (2.50%) 3rd Line Support
14 56 (2.46%) Desktop Support
15 54 (2.37%) 2nd Line Support
15 54 (2.37%) IT Support
16 49 (2.15%) Infrastructure Architect
17 48 (2.11%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 357 (15.66%) .NET
2 164 (7.20%) ASP.NET
3 155 (6.80%) HTML
4 154 (6.76%) Web Services
5 130 (5.70%) CSS
6 117 (5.13%) XML
7 116 (5.09%) jQuery
8 71 (3.12%) ASP.NET MVC
9 65 (2.85%) .NET Framework
10 54 (2.37%) WCF
11 44 (1.93%) ASP.NET Web API
12 43 (1.89%) Ajax
13 41 (1.80%) Middleware
14 37 (1.62%) AngularJS
15 36 (1.58%) REST
16 33 (1.45%) SAML
17 31 (1.36%) Entity Framework
18 29 (1.27%) HTML5
19 27 (1.18%) OpenID
20 26 (1.14%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 193 (8.47%) Analytical Skills
2 111 (4.87%) Management Information System
3 106 (4.65%) Data Centre
4 62 (2.72%) PKI
5 61 (2.68%) Computer Science
6 40 (1.76%) Clustering
7 37 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
8 35 (1.54%) Driving Licence
9 33 (1.45%) Cryptography
10 30 (1.32%) Client/Server
10 30 (1.32%) Mathematics
10 30 (1.32%) Public Cloud
10 30 (1.32%) Replication
11 27 (1.18%) Blackberry
12 20 (0.88%) CESG
12 20 (0.88%) Fat Client
12 20 (0.88%) NHS
12 20 (0.88%) Thin Client
13 19 (0.83%) User Experience
14 18 (0.79%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 848 (37.21%) Windows
2 339 (14.87%) Windows Server
3 232 (10.18%) Linux
4 202 (8.86%) Windows Server 2008
5 186 (8.16%) Windows Server 2012
6 176 (7.72%) Windows 7
7 106 (4.65%) Windows Server 2003
8 82 (3.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 81 (3.55%) Windows 10
10 77 (3.38%) Windows XP
11 68 (2.98%) Unix
12 38 (1.67%) Windows 8
13 35 (1.54%) Android
14 34 (1.49%) Solaris
15 32 (1.40%) Apple iOS
16 29 (1.27%) Windows Vista
17 28 (1.23%) AIX
18 18 (0.79%) CentOS
18 18 (0.79%) Mac OS X
18 18 (0.79%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 343 (15.05%) ITIL
2 304 (13.34%) Agile Software Development
3 219 (9.61%) Migration
4 213 (9.35%) Project Management
5 146 (6.41%) CRM
6 142 (6.23%) Business Intelligence
7 136 (5.97%) MVC
8 112 (4.91%) Stakeholder Management
9 106 (4.65%) Scrum
10 105 (4.61%) PRINCE2
11 94 (4.12%) SDLC
12 90 (3.95%) Service Management
13 85 (3.73%) Configuration Management
14 80 (3.51%) Change Management
15 65 (2.85%) DevOps
16 64 (2.81%) TDD
16 64 (2.81%) Workflow
17 63 (2.76%) Mentoring
18 58 (2.54%) Service Delivery
18 58 (2.54%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 447 (19.61%) SQL
2 329 (14.44%) C#
3 243 (10.66%) PowerShell
4 192 (8.42%) JavaScript
5 106 (4.65%) VB
6 104 (4.56%) T-SQL
7 94 (4.12%) Java
8 76 (3.33%) VBScript
9 74 (3.25%) C
10 56 (2.46%) C++
11 39 (1.71%) Perl
12 36 (1.58%) Python
13 32 (1.40%) Shell Script
14 29 (1.27%) PL/SQL
15 28 (1.23%) VB.NET
16 27 (1.18%) PHP
17 23 (1.01%) TypeScript
17 23 (1.01%) VBA
18 9 (0.39%) Ruby
19 7 (0.31%) VB6
Qualifications
1 451 (19.79%) Security Cleared
2 315 (13.82%) SC Cleared
3 198 (8.69%) Microsoft Certification
4 162 (7.11%) Degree
5 118 (5.18%) DV Cleared
6 87 (3.82%) MCSE
7 69 (3.03%) MCP
8 61 (2.68%) Cisco Certification
9 47 (2.06%) CCNA
10 46 (2.02%) ISTQB
11 39 (1.71%) CISSP
12 33 (1.45%) MCITP
13 31 (1.36%) ISEB
13 31 (1.36%) MCSA
14 27 (1.18%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 24 (1.05%) CCNP
16 23 (1.01%) CESG Certified Professional
16 23 (1.01%) MCTS
17 22 (0.97%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 22 (0.97%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 110 (4.83%) SLA
2 61 (2.68%) QA
3 33 (1.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 21 (0.92%) Data Quality
5 15 (0.66%) RMADS
6 14 (0.61%) ISO 9001
7 13 (0.57%) PCI DSS
8 9 (0.39%) JSP 440
9 8 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
10 7 (0.31%) COBIT
10 7 (0.31%) GAAP
11 6 (0.26%) ISO22301
11 6 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 5 (0.22%) COSO
12 5 (0.22%) FIPS 140-2
12 5 (0.22%) ISO 9000
12 5 (0.22%) SAS 70
12 5 (0.22%) SDET
13 3 (0.13%) Government Security Classifications
13 3 (0.13%) MiFID
System Software
1 607 (26.63%) Active Directory
2 207 (9.08%) VMware Infrastructure
3 135 (5.92%) Hyper-V
4 53 (2.33%) vSphere
5 52 (2.28%) XenApp
6 50 (2.19%) VMware ESXi
7 38 (1.67%) Virtual Machines
7 38 (1.67%) VMware ESX
8 30 (1.32%) XenDesktop
9 29 (1.27%) Microsoft App-V
10 23 (1.01%) XenServer
11 20 (0.88%) Virtual Desktop
12 18 (0.79%) BitLocker
13 17 (0.75%) Virtual Servers
14 14 (0.61%) Firmware
14 14 (0.61%) Sendmail
15 13 (0.57%) NFS
16 7 (0.31%) Terminal Services
17 6 (0.26%) Forefront TMG
17 6 (0.26%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 187 (8.21%) SCCM
2 107 (4.70%) SCOM
3 35 (1.54%) WSUS
4 27 (1.18%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
5 26 (1.14%) NetBackup
6 25 (1.10%) OpenView Configuration Management
7 20 (0.88%) OpenAM
7 20 (0.88%) OpenIDM
8 18 (0.79%) Microsoft Intune
8 18 (0.79%) Norton AntiVirus
8 18 (0.79%) Tivoli Storage Manager
9 17 (0.75%) Microsoft Clustering
10 16 (0.70%) Puppet
11 15 (0.66%) AirWatch
11 15 (0.66%) Backup Exec
12 14 (0.61%) SCVMM
13 13 (0.57%) HP Quality Center
13 13 (0.57%) SCOrch
14 12 (0.53%) SCSM
14 12 (0.53%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
Vendors
1 344 (15.09%) VMware
2 224 (9.83%) Oracle
3 186 (8.16%) Citrix
4 178 (7.81%) Cisco
5 171 (7.50%) HP
6 83 (3.64%) Red Hat
7 76 (3.33%) Remedy
7 76 (3.33%) SAP
8 52 (2.28%) CheckPoint
9 43 (1.89%) NetApp
10 42 (1.84%) EMC
11 41 (1.80%) IBM
12 40 (1.76%) Dell
12 40 (1.76%) Symantec
13 34 (1.49%) Intel Security
14 32 (1.40%) F5
15 27 (1.18%) Apple
16 26 (1.14%) Salesforce.com
17 24 (1.05%) Juniper
18 21 (0.92%) ForgeRock
Hook, Hampshire
LA International
Posted: 11 hours ago
Hampshire
Nigel Frank International
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
Worthing, West Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: Competitive
Posted: 7 hours ago
Basingstoke, Hampshire
Venturi
Rate: £400 - £475 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Berkshire
Venn Group
Rate: £167 - £168 Per Day
Posted: Yesterday
Surrey
Nigel Frank International
Posted: 15 hours ago
Farnborough, Hampshire
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: £9.20 - £9.38 per hour
Posted: 2 days ago
Berkshire
Nigel Frank International
Rate: £450 - £550 per annum
Posted: 13 hours ago
Brighton, East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: ££competitive
Posted: Yesterday
Reading
Vivid Resourcing
Posted: Yesterday
Buckinghamshire
Nigel Frank International
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Kent
Nigel Frank International
Posted: 15 hours ago
Worthing, West Sussex
Experis Ltd
Rate: £500.00 - £700 per week
Posted: Yesterday
Buckinghamshire
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: £600 day or to £110K for permanent
Posted: Yesterday
Oxfordshire
Nigel Frank International
Posted: 2 days ago
Guildford
Nigel Frank International
Rate: £100 - £110 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Hampshire
Nigel Frank International
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £500.00 - £600.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Maidenhead, Berkshire
The Rank Group plc
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
LA International
Rate: Market Rates Apply
Posted: Yesterday
Worthing, West Sussex
Keystream Resources Limited
Rate: From £9 to £10 per hour
Posted: Yesterday
Tunbridge Wells, Kent
Experis Ltd
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Hungerford, Berkshire
Jonothan Bosworth
Rate: £250 - £310 Per Day
Posted: 2 days ago
Berkshire
Venn Group
Rate: £120 - £130 Per Day
Posted: 6 days ago
Berkshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: NEG
Posted: 4 days ago
Surrey
Nigel Frank International
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Fleet, Hampshire
Icore Tech
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
LA International
Rate: £251 - £320 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Berkshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: NEG
Posted: 4 days ago
Fareham, Hampshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £9.35 per hour
Posted: 2 days ago