Period
to 28 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 28 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
England > London
6 months to
28 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 483 335 391
Rank change year-on-year -148 +56 +72
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 97 51 161
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.26% 0.32% 0.46%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.82% 2.00% 2.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 57 37 109
10th Percentile £400 £350 £323
25th Percentile £449 £369 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £538
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% -11.63% +7.50%
75th Percentile £584 £525 £600
90th Percentile £654 £575 £656
England median daily rate £500 £425 £500
% change year-on-year +17.65% -15.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 3
10th Percentile £38.88 " £25.00
25th Percentile £40.50 " £34.38
Median hourly rate £43.74 - £50.00
75th Percentile £46.16 " £54.38
90th Percentile £46.51 " £57.00
England median hourly rate £44.62 £19.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +134.84% -60.00% +72.73%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 5,344 2,555 6,160
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 14.33% 16.28% 17.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,953 1,806 4,356
10th Percentile £250 £250 £160
25th Percentile £425 £366 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £488 £450
Median % change year-on-year +10.77% +8.33% -7.22%
75th Percentile £650 £588 £575
90th Percentile £713 £666 £650
England median daily rate £488 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +11.43% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 107 33 181
10th Percentile £15.00 £18.28 £14.00
25th Percentile £19.27 £21.25 £17.00
Median hourly rate £24.50 £25.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -2.00% +19.05% +12.30%
75th Percentile £46.46 £43.00 £36.70
90th Percentile £62.95 £52.45 £53.00
England median hourly rate £17.98 £18.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year -2.81% +5.71% +1.45%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in London

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu in London.

Daily rate trend for Ubuntu in London

Ubuntu
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ubuntu in London over the 6 months to 28 November 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in London

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu in London.

Hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in London

Ubuntu
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the London region over the 6 months to 28 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -46 10 £524 -11.30% 13
West London - 9 £713 - 2
South London +3 7 £353 -25.74% 1
Ubuntu
England

For the 6 months to 28 November 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 97 (100.00%) Linux
2 48 (49.48%) AWS
3 45 (46.39%) Ansible
3 45 (46.39%) Terraform
4 43 (44.33%) Python
5 41 (42.27%) Java
5 41 (42.27%) Kubernetes
5 41 (42.27%) Bash Shell
6 40 (41.24%) SQL
7 39 (40.21%) Windows
8 34 (35.05%) Docker
9 33 (34.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 32 (32.99%) Agile Software Development
11 31 (31.96%) Red Hat
12 28 (28.87%) VMware
12 28 (28.87%) CentOS
12 28 (28.87%) Puppet
12 28 (28.87%) DevOps
13 27 (27.84%) Windows Server
14 26 (26.80%) Azure
15 24 (24.74%) Microsoft
16 23 (23.71%) Jenkins
16 23 (23.71%) Infrastructure as Code
17 22 (22.68%) MySQL
18 21 (21.65%) Configuration Management
18 21 (21.65%) Git (software)
18 21 (21.65%) Prometheus
19 20 (20.62%) Problem-Solving
20 19 (19.59%) Debian
20 19 (19.59%) PostgreSQL

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (16.49%) Tomcat
2 11 (11.34%) nginx
3 10 (10.31%) Apache
3 10 (10.31%) OpenStack
4 8 (8.25%) Confluence
4 8 (8.25%) IIS
4 8 (8.25%) JBoss
4 8 (8.25%) WebLogic
5 7 (7.22%) WebSphere
6 5 (5.15%) Elasticsearch
6 5 (5.15%) SharePoint
7 2 (2.06%) Apache Pig
7 2 (2.06%) Apache Spark
7 2 (2.06%) Jetty
8 1 (1.03%) Drupal
8 1 (1.03%) GeoServer
8 1 (1.03%) Red Hat Fuse
8 1 (1.03%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 7 (7.22%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (3.09%) MS Visio
3 2 (2.06%) Notepad++
4 1 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (2.06%) Oracle Cash Management
2 1 (1.03%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 48 (49.48%) AWS
2 26 (26.80%) Azure
3 15 (15.46%) GCP
3 15 (15.46%) PaaS
4 12 (12.37%) Amazon ECS
5 11 (11.34%) Amazon EC2
5 11 (11.34%) Amazon S3
5 11 (11.34%) AWS CloudFormation
5 11 (11.34%) IaaS
6 9 (9.28%) Amazon EKS
6 9 (9.28%) AWS Fargate
6 9 (9.28%) SaaS
7 8 (8.25%) Akamai
7 8 (8.25%) CloudFront
7 8 (8.25%) GitHub
7 8 (8.25%) OpenShift
8 7 (7.22%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 7 (7.22%) Amazon SQS
9 6 (6.19%) Datadog
10 5 (5.15%) AWS Direct Connect
Communications & Networking
1 19 (19.59%) DNS
2 13 (13.40%) VPN
3 11 (11.34%) HTTP
3 11 (11.34%) TCP/IP
4 10 (10.31%) WAN
5 9 (9.28%) Firewall
5 9 (9.28%) LAN
6 7 (7.22%) Ethernet
6 7 (7.22%) SSL
7 6 (6.19%) DHCP
8 5 (5.15%) OpenLDAP
9 4 (4.12%) Network Security
10 3 (3.09%) IPv4
10 3 (3.09%) SAN
10 3 (3.09%) VLAN
11 2 (2.06%) Internet
11 2 (2.06%) Kerberos
11 2 (2.06%) Wireless
12 1 (1.03%) SMTP
12 1 (1.03%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (22.68%) MySQL
2 19 (19.59%) PostgreSQL
3 18 (18.56%) NoSQL
4 15 (15.46%) MongoDB
5 11 (11.34%) SQL Server
6 7 (7.22%) Amazon Redshift
7 5 (5.15%) Amazon RDS
7 5 (5.15%) Redshift Spectrum
8 4 (4.12%) Couchbase
8 4 (4.12%) Hadoop
8 4 (4.12%) MariaDB
9 3 (3.09%) Data Warehouse
9 3 (3.09%) Redis
9 3 (3.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 2 (2.06%) Amazon Aurora
10 2 (2.06%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
10 2 (2.06%) Azure SQL Database
10 2 (2.06%) Riak
10 2 (2.06%) SAP HANA
10 2 (2.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 23 (23.71%) Jenkins
2 21 (21.65%) Git (software)
3 17 (17.53%) GitLab
4 14 (14.43%) Bitbucket
4 14 (14.43%) JIRA
5 11 (11.34%) Sonatype Nexus
6 8 (8.25%) GoCD
6 8 (8.25%) TeamCity
7 7 (7.22%) Artifactory
8 6 (6.19%) Cucumber
8 6 (6.19%) IBM UrbanCode
8 6 (6.19%) Octopus Deploy
8 6 (6.19%) Selenium
8 6 (6.19%) Zephyr
9 4 (4.12%) Burp Suite
9 4 (4.12%) Metasploit
9 4 (4.12%) Subversion
10 3 (3.09%) git-flow
10 3 (3.09%) Maven
10 3 (3.09%) RSpec
General
1 17 (17.53%) Social Skills
2 14 (14.43%) Analytical Skills
3 11 (11.34%) Public Sector
4 9 (9.28%) Finance
5 8 (8.25%) Banking
6 3 (3.09%) Marketing
7 2 (2.06%) Influencing Skills
7 2 (2.06%) Law
7 2 (2.06%) Organisational Skills
8 1 (1.03%) Electronics
8 1 (1.03%) Manufacturing
8 1 (1.03%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 13 (13.40%) Site Reliability Engineer
2 12 (12.37%) DevOps Engineer
3 9 (9.28%) Architect
3 9 (9.28%) Cloud Engineer
3 9 (9.28%) Site Engineer
4 8 (8.25%) Systems Engineer
5 6 (6.19%) Linux Engineer
5 6 (6.19%) Solutions Architect
6 5 (5.15%) Administrator
6 5 (5.15%) Developer
6 5 (5.15%) Platform Engineer
7 4 (4.12%) Azure Specialist
7 4 (4.12%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 4 (4.12%) Network Engineer
7 4 (4.12%) Principal Engineer
7 4 (4.12%) Systems Administrator
7 4 (4.12%) Technical Architect
7 4 (4.12%) Ubuntu Specialist
8 3 (3.09%) Java Developer
8 3 (3.09%) MySQL Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (13.40%) Elastic Stack
2 9 (9.28%) .NET
2 9 (9.28%) JSON
2 9 (9.28%) LAMP
3 8 (8.25%) Web Services
4 7 (7.22%) Kafka
4 7 (7.22%) OAuth
4 7 (7.22%) REST
4 7 (7.22%) SOAP
5 6 (6.19%) LDAP
5 6 (6.19%) Node.js
6 5 (5.15%) CSS
6 5 (5.15%) HTML
6 5 (5.15%) RabbitMQ
6 5 (5.15%) XML
7 4 (4.12%) gRPC
7 4 (4.12%) JWT
7 4 (4.12%) RESTful
7 4 (4.12%) Spring
8 3 (3.09%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 13 (13.40%) Public Cloud
2 8 (8.25%) Clustering
3 6 (6.19%) Fibre Optics
3 6 (6.19%) Private Cloud
3 6 (6.19%) Video on Demand
4 5 (5.15%) Data Centre
5 4 (4.12%) Cloud Native
5 4 (4.12%) Mobile App
5 4 (4.12%) Replication
5 4 (4.12%) Video\Live Streaming
6 3 (3.09%) Legacy Systems
6 3 (3.09%) Linux Command Line
6 3 (3.09%) Management Information System
7 2 (2.06%) Data Protection Act
7 2 (2.06%) Digital Media
7 2 (2.06%) Legacy Applications
7 2 (2.06%) PKI
8 1 (1.03%) Enterprise Software
8 1 (1.03%) Life Science
8 1 (1.03%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 97 (100.00%) Linux
2 39 (40.21%) Windows
3 33 (34.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 28 (28.87%) CentOS
5 27 (27.84%) Windows Server
6 19 (19.59%) Debian
7 17 (17.53%) Unix
8 9 (9.28%) Oracle Linux
8 9 (9.28%) Windows Server 2008
9 7 (7.22%) Amazon Linux
9 7 (7.22%) Windows Server 2016
10 6 (6.19%) Solaris
11 3 (3.09%) AIX
11 3 (3.09%) Android
11 3 (3.09%) VMS
12 2 (2.06%) Fedora
12 2 (2.06%) SUSE
13 1 (1.03%) HPUX
13 1 (1.03%) Mac OS X
13 1 (1.03%) Slackware
Processes & Methodologies
1 32 (32.99%) Agile Software Development
2 28 (28.87%) DevOps
3 23 (23.71%) Infrastructure as Code
4 21 (21.65%) Configuration Management
5 20 (20.62%) Problem-Solving
6 15 (15.46%) Site Reliability Engineering
7 12 (12.37%) Continuous Integration
7 12 (12.37%) Test Automation
8 11 (11.34%) Migration
9 10 (10.31%) ITIL
10 9 (9.28%) SDLC
11 8 (8.25%) Kanban
11 8 (8.25%) Microservices
11 8 (8.25%) Open Source
12 7 (7.22%) Analytics
12 7 (7.22%) Computer Science
12 7 (7.22%) Cryptography
12 7 (7.22%) Data Protection
12 7 (7.22%) Ethical Hacking
12 7 (7.22%) Waterfall
Programming Languages
1 43 (44.33%) Python
2 41 (42.27%) Bash Shell
2 41 (42.27%) Java
3 40 (41.24%) SQL
4 14 (14.43%) PowerShell
5 12 (12.37%) Go
6 10 (10.31%) JavaScript
6 10 (10.31%) Perl
7 8 (8.25%) C#
7 8 (8.25%) Ruby
8 7 (7.22%) C
9 6 (6.19%) C++
9 6 (6.19%) PHP
10 4 (4.12%) Shell Script
10 4 (4.12%) T-SQL
11 3 (3.09%) R
11 3 (3.09%) TypeScript
12 2 (2.06%) Erlang
12 2 (2.06%) PL/SQL
13 1 (1.03%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 13 (13.40%) Security Cleared
2 11 (11.34%) SC Cleared
3 9 (9.28%) Degree
4 7 (7.22%) CCNA
4 7 (7.22%) Cisco Certification
5 6 (6.19%) CCDA
5 6 (6.19%) CCNP
5 6 (6.19%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (6.19%) JNCIA
5 6 (6.19%) JNCIP
5 6 (6.19%) JNCIS
6 4 (4.12%) CREST Certified
6 4 (4.12%) RHCE
6 4 (4.12%) SANS
7 2 (2.06%) DV Cleared
8 1 (1.03%) AWS Certification
8 1 (1.03%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (1.03%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (1.03%) MCSE
8 1 (1.03%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (8.25%) QA
2 4 (4.12%) NCSC
3 2 (2.06%) GDPR
3 2 (2.06%) HL7
3 2 (2.06%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 1 (1.03%) Accessibility
4 1 (1.03%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 1 (1.03%) JSP 440
System Software
1 34 (35.05%) Docker
2 17 (17.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 13 (13.40%) Active Directory
4 8 (8.25%) VMware ESXi
5 4 (4.12%) NFS
5 4 (4.12%) vCloud
6 2 (2.06%) Hyper-V
6 2 (2.06%) Veritas File System
6 2 (2.06%) Veritas Volume Manager
6 2 (2.06%) Virtual Desktop
6 2 (2.06%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (1.03%) GeoWebCache
7 1 (1.03%) KVM
7 1 (1.03%) LXC
7 1 (1.03%) Oracle RAC
7 1 (1.03%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (1.03%) VirtualBox
7 1 (1.03%) Xen
Systems Management
1 45 (46.39%) Ansible
1 45 (46.39%) Terraform
2 41 (42.27%) Kubernetes
3 28 (28.87%) Puppet
4 21 (21.65%) Prometheus
5 19 (19.59%) Nagios
6 14 (14.43%) Grafana
7 13 (13.40%) Icinga
8 11 (11.34%) HAProxy
9 9 (9.28%) Docker Swarm
10 8 (8.25%) ZABBIX
11 7 (7.22%) Consul
11 7 (7.22%) Packer
12 5 (5.15%) Opscode Chef
13 4 (4.12%) Fluentd
13 4 (4.12%) Nessus
13 4 (4.12%) yum
14 3 (3.09%) Cobbler
14 3 (3.09%) Kibana
14 3 (3.09%) logstash
Vendors
1 31 (31.96%) Red Hat
2 28 (28.87%) VMware
3 24 (24.74%) Microsoft
4 18 (18.56%) Oracle
5 9 (9.28%) Dell
6 8 (8.25%) New Relic
6 8 (8.25%) Splunk
7 7 (7.22%) IBM
7 7 (7.22%) SolarWinds
8 6 (6.19%) AppDynamics
8 6 (6.19%) CyberArk
8 6 (6.19%) Juniper
8 6 (6.19%) Micro Focus
8 6 (6.19%) ServiceNow
9 4 (4.12%) CA
9 4 (4.12%) Google
9 4 (4.12%) Sonatype
10 3 (3.09%) Actifio
10 3 (3.09%) HP
10 3 (3.09%) SAP