Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
England > London
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 103 138 216
Rank change year-on-year +35 +78 +48
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 740 316 527
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.50% 1.95% 1.30%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.76% 2.18% 1.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 536 227 363
10th Percentile £438 £429 £450
25th Percentile £500 £494 £505
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £560 £573 £583
Median % change year-on-year -2.18% -1.72% +5.91%
75th Percentile £650 £638 £656
90th Percentile £738 £721 £725
England median daily rate £541 £543 £550
% change year-on-year -0.23% -1.36% +3.77%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 1
10th Percentile £64.10 " "
25th Percentile £69.13 " £66.25
Median hourly rate £80.00 - £67.50
75th Percentile £92.63 " £68.75
90th Percentile £98.70 " "
England median hourly rate £60.75 - £67.50

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 26,805 14,521 36,048
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 90.56% 89.45% 89.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,133 10,416 26,205
10th Percentile £363 £330 £338
25th Percentile £450 £425 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £525 £520
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% +0.96% +4.00%
75th Percentile £638 £625 £600
90th Percentile £725 £713 £688
England median daily rate £500 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 274 177 385
10th Percentile £15.73 £14.00 £12.04
25th Percentile £20.81 £20.00 £15.25
Median hourly rate £34.44 £35.00 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year -1.60% +59.09% -
75th Percentile £51.55 £47.75 £39.75
90th Percentile £66.50 £60.40 £52.50
England median hourly rate £22.89 £23.08 £22.93
% change year-on-year -0.80% +0.63% +11.74%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the London region over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -41 59 £563 -2.17% 117
South London +39 22 £650 +19.82% 20
West London +20 21 £600 -4.38% 36
East London +1 1 £465 -13.08% 24
Infrastructure as Code
England

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 558 (75.41%) DevOps
2 527 (71.22%) Terraform
3 411 (55.54%) Azure
4 350 (47.30%) Kubernetes
5 332 (44.86%) AWS
6 305 (41.22%) Docker
7 282 (38.11%) Python
8 239 (32.30%) Ansible
9 216 (29.19%) Jenkins
10 189 (25.54%) Linux
11 188 (25.41%) Agile Software Development
12 160 (21.62%) Java
13 154 (20.81%) Microsoft
14 149 (20.14%) PaaS
15 142 (19.19%) Microservices
16 137 (18.51%) Bash Shell
17 128 (17.30%) GitHub
18 124 (16.76%) Finance
19 120 (16.22%) Social Skills
20 113 (15.27%) GCP
21 111 (15.00%) Configuration Management
22 106 (14.32%) PowerShell
23 102 (13.78%) SQL
23 102 (13.78%) IaaS
24 101 (13.65%) Serverless
25 100 (13.51%) AWS CloudFormation
25 100 (13.51%) Git (software)
26 96 (12.97%) Continuous Integration
27 87 (11.76%) Google
28 86 (11.62%) Scrum

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (6.49%) Confluence
2 31 (4.19%) Apache Spark
3 21 (2.84%) Apache
4 18 (2.43%) Apache Airflow
5 13 (1.76%) nginx
6 12 (1.62%) Elasticsearch
7 9 (1.22%) Tomcat
8 8 (1.08%) Cloud Foundry
9 7 (0.95%) SharePoint
10 6 (0.81%) WebSphere
10 6 (0.81%) WebSphere Application Server
11 5 (0.68%) Mule
12 4 (0.54%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 4 (0.54%) CMS
13 3 (0.41%) DataSynapse
13 3 (0.41%) Oracle Coherence
13 3 (0.41%) Red Hat Fuse
14 2 (0.27%) Drupal
14 2 (0.27%) OpenStack
14 2 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 3 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
1 3 (0.41%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.27%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 8 (1.08%) Payment Gateway
2 5 (0.68%) Sentinel
3 2 (0.27%) Adobe Campaign
3 2 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 411 (55.54%) Azure
2 332 (44.86%) AWS
3 149 (20.14%) PaaS
4 128 (17.30%) GitHub
5 113 (15.27%) GCP
6 102 (13.78%) IaaS
7 101 (13.65%) Serverless
8 100 (13.51%) AWS CloudFormation
9 44 (5.95%) AWS Lambda
10 43 (5.81%) SaaS
11 37 (5.00%) Amazon EKS
12 36 (4.86%) Azure Functions
13 27 (3.65%) OpenShift
14 26 (3.51%) Amazon S3
14 26 (3.51%) Azure Data Factory
15 25 (3.38%) Amazon EC2
16 24 (3.24%) Cloud Computing
17 22 (2.97%) Amazon ECS
17 22 (2.97%) Azure Active Directory
17 22 (2.97%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 25 (3.38%) Firewall
2 23 (3.11%) DNS
3 15 (2.03%) SSL
3 15 (2.03%) VPN
4 14 (1.89%) Network Security
4 14 (1.89%) WAN
5 11 (1.49%) HTTP
5 11 (1.49%) TCP/IP
6 10 (1.35%) LAN
7 7 (0.95%) NAS
7 7 (0.95%) SAN
8 6 (0.81%) Cisco Nexus
8 6 (0.81%) FCoE
8 6 (0.81%) Fibre Channel
8 6 (0.81%) Internet
8 6 (0.81%) iSCSI
8 6 (0.81%) Multicast
9 5 (0.68%) Kerberos
10 3 (0.41%) BGP
10 3 (0.41%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (6.89%) PostgreSQL
2 38 (5.14%) NoSQL
3 32 (4.32%) Hadoop
4 31 (4.19%) Azure SQL Database
5 28 (3.78%) Amazon RDS
6 27 (3.65%) Big Data
6 27 (3.65%) MongoDB
7 24 (3.24%) Data Warehouse
8 21 (2.84%) SQL Server
9 20 (2.70%) Data Lake
10 18 (2.43%) Relational Database
11 16 (2.16%) MySQL
12 15 (2.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 14 (1.89%) HBase
14 13 (1.76%) BigQuery
14 13 (1.76%) Power BI
15 11 (1.49%) Tableau
16 9 (1.22%) Apache Hive
16 9 (1.22%) RDBMS
17 8 (1.08%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 216 (29.19%) Jenkins
2 100 (13.51%) Git (software)
3 79 (10.68%) JIRA
4 47 (6.35%) GitLab
5 39 (5.27%) TeamCity
6 34 (4.59%) Maven
7 30 (4.05%) Gradle
8 28 (3.78%) Sonatype Nexus
9 23 (3.11%) Bitbucket
10 20 (2.70%) CircleCI
11 16 (2.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 14 (1.89%) Octopus Deploy
13 13 (1.76%) Cypress.io
13 13 (1.76%) git-flow
13 13 (1.76%) Subversion
13 13 (1.76%) Travis CI
14 12 (1.62%) SonarQube
15 8 (1.08%) TestCafe
16 7 (0.95%) Visual Studio
17 6 (0.81%) JUnit
General
1 124 (16.76%) Finance
2 120 (16.22%) Social Skills
3 56 (7.57%) Public Sector
4 43 (5.81%) Banking
5 26 (3.51%) Retail
6 21 (2.84%) Analytical Skills
6 21 (2.84%) Telecoms
7 18 (2.43%) Investment Banking
8 13 (1.76%) Financial Institution
9 12 (1.62%) Presentation Skills
10 10 (1.35%) Marketing
11 9 (1.22%) Electronics
11 9 (1.22%) Manufacturing
12 8 (1.08%) Legal
13 6 (0.81%) iGaming
13 6 (0.81%) Influencing Skills
13 6 (0.81%) Law
14 5 (0.68%) Games
15 3 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
16 2 (0.27%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 255 (34.46%) DevOps Engineer
2 150 (20.27%) Azure Engineer
3 143 (19.32%) Architect
4 94 (12.70%) Cloud Engineer
5 91 (12.30%) AWS Engineer
6 87 (11.76%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 67 (9.05%) Developer
8 65 (8.78%) AWS DevOps
8 65 (8.78%) Azure Architect
9 57 (7.70%) Azure DevOps
10 51 (6.89%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 51 (6.89%) Cloud Architect
11 46 (6.22%) Solutions Architect
12 41 (5.54%) Data Engineer
13 38 (5.14%) Platform Engineer
14 33 (4.46%) Senior DevOps
15 32 (4.32%) Senior DevOps Engineer
16 28 (3.78%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 25 (3.38%) Site Engineer
17 25 (3.38%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (9.05%) .NET
2 55 (7.43%) Node.js
3 53 (7.16%) Kafka
4 37 (5.00%) Spring Boot
5 34 (4.59%) Web Services
6 33 (4.46%) React
7 31 (4.19%) YAML
8 30 (4.05%) .NET Core
9 26 (3.51%) Spring
10 17 (2.30%) AngularJS
10 17 (2.30%) Elastic Stack
10 17 (2.30%) JSON
10 17 (2.30%) REST
10 17 (2.30%) RESTful
11 15 (2.03%) .NET Framework
12 14 (1.89%) HTML
13 13 (1.76%) Lambda Expressions
14 12 (1.62%) CSS
14 12 (1.62%) Jest
15 11 (1.49%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 76 (10.27%) Cloud Native
2 65 (8.78%) Public Cloud
3 38 (5.14%) Management Information System
4 21 (2.84%) Data Protection Act
5 20 (2.70%) Data Centre
6 15 (2.03%) Algorithms
7 14 (1.89%) Linux Command Line
8 13 (1.76%) Greenfield Project
9 11 (1.49%) Enterprise Cloud
9 11 (1.49%) Hybrid Cloud
10 9 (1.22%) Private Cloud
11 8 (1.08%) Data Structures
11 8 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 8 (1.08%) Hedge funds
11 8 (1.08%) Legacy Applications
11 8 (1.08%) User Experience
12 7 (0.95%) Legacy Systems
12 7 (0.95%) Mobile App
12 7 (0.95%) Self-Motivation
12 7 (0.95%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 189 (25.54%) Linux
2 80 (10.81%) Windows
3 23 (3.11%) Unix
4 18 (2.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 17 (2.30%) CentOS
6 14 (1.89%) Windows Server
7 12 (1.62%) Ubuntu
8 11 (1.49%) Solaris
9 2 (0.27%) Amazon Linux
9 2 (0.27%) Windows Server 2019
10 1 (0.14%) Android
10 1 (0.14%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.14%) Debian
10 1 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.14%) SUSE
10 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 558 (75.41%) DevOps
2 188 (25.41%) Agile Software Development
3 142 (19.19%) Microservices
4 111 (15.00%) Configuration Management
5 96 (12.97%) Continuous Integration
6 86 (11.62%) Scrum
7 82 (11.08%) Site Reliability Engineering
8 63 (8.51%) Migration
9 60 (8.11%) Analytics
9 60 (8.11%) Continuous Delivery
10 57 (7.70%) Open Source
11 55 (7.43%) Software Engineering
11 55 (7.43%) Test Automation
12 53 (7.16%) Deployment Automation
13 48 (6.49%) TDD
14 41 (5.54%) Data Science
14 41 (5.54%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 39 (5.27%) Problem-Solving
16 36 (4.86%) SDLC
17 34 (4.59%) Information Security
Programming Languages
1 282 (38.11%) Python
2 160 (21.62%) Java
3 137 (18.51%) Bash Shell
4 106 (14.32%) PowerShell
5 102 (13.78%) SQL
6 76 (10.27%) JavaScript
7 65 (8.78%) C#
7 65 (8.78%) Go
8 36 (4.86%) Ruby
8 36 (4.86%) TypeScript
9 31 (4.19%) Groovy
10 20 (2.70%) C
11 17 (2.30%) C++
12 16 (2.16%) Scala
13 15 (2.03%) Shell Script
14 12 (1.62%) PHP
15 8 (1.08%) Perl
16 7 (0.95%) Rust
17 6 (0.81%) Java 11
18 5 (0.68%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 74 (10.00%) Security Cleared
2 57 (7.70%) SC Cleared
3 23 (3.11%) AWS Certification
4 16 (2.16%) Degree
5 4 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
6 3 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.27%) Computer Science Degree
7 2 (0.27%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.27%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.14%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 1 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.14%) CISM
8 1 (0.14%) CISSP
8 1 (0.14%) RHCE
8 1 (0.14%) RHCSA
8 1 (0.14%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (4.19%) QA
2 11 (1.49%) GDPR
3 5 (0.68%) PCI DSS
4 4 (0.54%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.41%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 3 (0.41%) SLA
6 2 (0.27%) NIST
6 2 (0.27%) PSD2
7 1 (0.14%) COBIT
7 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.14%) PMO
System Software
1 305 (41.22%) Docker
2 26 (3.51%) Active Directory
3 24 (3.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (1.62%) KVM
5 10 (1.35%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (1.22%) NFS
7 8 (1.08%) Oracle RAC
8 7 (0.95%) Hyper-V
9 6 (0.81%) HDFS
9 6 (0.81%) SRDF
9 6 (0.81%) Xen
10 4 (0.54%) Microsoft App-V
11 3 (0.41%) LXC
11 3 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.27%) Ceph
12 2 (0.27%) Varnish
12 2 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
13 1 (0.14%) vSphere
13 1 (0.14%) XenApp
13 1 (0.14%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 527 (71.22%) Terraform
2 350 (47.30%) Kubernetes
3 239 (32.30%) Ansible
4 83 (11.22%) Puppet
5 57 (7.70%) Opscode Chef
6 44 (5.95%) Prometheus
7 26 (3.51%) Grafana
7 26 (3.51%) Packer
8 21 (2.84%) Istio
9 13 (1.76%) Kibana
10 12 (1.62%) Rancher
11 11 (1.49%) Docker Swarm
12 8 (1.08%) Microsoft Intune
12 8 (1.08%) ZABBIX
13 6 (0.81%) SCCM
14 5 (0.68%) Ambari
14 5 (0.68%) linkerd
15 4 (0.54%) Consul
15 4 (0.54%) Mesos
15 4 (0.54%) vRealize
Vendors
1 154 (20.81%) Microsoft
2 87 (11.76%) Google
3 34 (4.59%) VMware
4 31 (4.19%) Databricks
5 26 (3.51%) Oracle
6 22 (2.97%) Atlassian
7 20 (2.70%) Red Hat
8 16 (2.16%) IBM
8 16 (2.16%) New Relic
9 15 (2.03%) ServiceNow
10 14 (1.89%) MuleSoft
10 14 (1.89%) SAP
11 12 (1.62%) Splunk
12 11 (1.49%) Cisco
12 11 (1.49%) Dynatrace
13 10 (1.35%) Dell
13 10 (1.35%) Sybase
14 9 (1.22%) EMC
14 9 (1.22%) NetApp
15 7 (0.95%) Informatica