Period
to 16 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 16 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
England > London
6 months to
16 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 125 154 274
Rank change year-on-year +29 +120 +37
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 464 406 420
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.11% 1.69% 0.99%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.36% 1.92% 1.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 343 298 289
10th Percentile £430 £463 £450
25th Percentile £485 £513 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £575 £575
Median % change year-on-year -4.35% - +4.55%
75th Percentile £628 £650 £638
90th Percentile £688 £723 £689
England median daily rate £525 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -4.55% - +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £67.50
England median hourly rate £60.00 - £67.50

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 19,632 21,181 37,852
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 89.36% 88.11% 89.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,110 15,280 27,499
10th Percentile £350 £325 £325
25th Percentile £425 £413 £415
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £520 £513
Median % change year-on-year +0.96% +1.46% +2.50%
75th Percentile £619 £613 £600
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £490 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +3.16% - +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 217 273 360
10th Percentile £16.25 £13.10 £12.50
25th Percentile £22.00 £18.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate £32.50 £26.44 £24.11
Median % change year-on-year +22.92% +9.66% +7.16%
75th Percentile £51.50 £47.83 £38.75
90th Percentile £66.50 £63.00 £51.09
England median hourly rate £25.50 £21.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year +21.43% -6.67% +4.65%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London over the 6 months to 16 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the London region over the 6 months to 16 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -7 34 £555 -5.53% 86
West London +38 13 £575 - 35
South London +45 10 £505 -14.30% 7
Infrastructure as Code
England

For the 6 months to 16 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 349 (75.22%) DevOps
2 343 (73.92%) Terraform
3 232 (50.00%) AWS
4 218 (46.98%) Azure
5 193 (41.59%) Kubernetes
6 170 (36.64%) Python
7 162 (34.91%) Ansible
8 157 (33.84%) Docker
9 146 (31.47%) Linux
10 130 (28.02%) Agile Software Development
11 116 (25.00%) Jenkins
12 93 (20.04%) Java
13 88 (18.97%) Microservices
14 81 (17.46%) Git (software)
15 77 (16.59%) Security Cleared
16 75 (16.16%) Finance
17 74 (15.95%) Microsoft
17 74 (15.95%) PowerShell
18 68 (14.66%) SC Cleared
19 66 (14.22%) GCP
20 65 (14.01%) Continuous Integration
21 64 (13.79%) Bash Shell
21 64 (13.79%) Configuration Management
21 64 (13.79%) Windows
22 59 (12.72%) PaaS
23 57 (12.28%) GitHub
24 56 (12.07%) GitLab
25 54 (11.64%) AWS CloudFormation
26 52 (11.21%) SQL
27 50 (10.78%) .NET

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (5.17%) Confluence
2 14 (3.02%) Elasticsearch
3 11 (2.37%) Apache Spark
4 10 (2.16%) nginx
5 9 (1.94%) Apache
5 9 (1.94%) Tomcat
6 6 (1.29%) Cloud Foundry
7 4 (0.86%) WebLogic
7 4 (0.86%) WebSphere
7 4 (0.86%) WebSphere Application Server
8 3 (0.65%) Apache Airflow
8 3 (0.65%) Apache Solr
8 3 (0.65%) JBoss
8 3 (0.65%) Red Hat Fuse
8 3 (0.65%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.43%) Apache Synapse
9 2 (0.43%) DataSynapse
9 2 (0.43%) Drupal
9 2 (0.43%) Oracle Coherence
10 1 (0.22%) CMS
Applications
1 4 (0.86%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.43%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 5 (1.08%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.43%) Payment Gateway
2 2 (0.43%) R3 Corda
3 1 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 232 (50.00%) AWS
2 218 (46.98%) Azure
3 66 (14.22%) GCP
4 59 (12.72%) PaaS
5 57 (12.28%) GitHub
6 54 (11.64%) AWS CloudFormation
7 49 (10.56%) Serverless
8 44 (9.48%) IaaS
9 39 (8.41%) Amazon EKS
10 33 (7.11%) AWS Lambda
11 23 (4.96%) Azure Active Directory
11 23 (4.96%) SaaS
12 20 (4.31%) Azure Data Factory
13 18 (3.88%) Amazon ECS
13 18 (3.88%) OpenShift
14 17 (3.66%) Amazon EC2
15 15 (3.23%) Amazon S3
16 14 (3.02%) Cloud Computing
17 12 (2.59%) Route 53
17 12 (2.59%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 26 (5.60%) Firewall
2 15 (3.23%) Network Security
3 14 (3.02%) WAN
4 12 (2.59%) VPN
5 10 (2.16%) DNS
6 8 (1.72%) TCP/IP
7 7 (1.51%) LAN
8 6 (1.29%) Reverse Proxy
9 5 (1.08%) Multicast
10 4 (0.86%) Cisco Nexus
10 4 (0.86%) FCoE
10 4 (0.86%) Fibre Channel
10 4 (0.86%) iSCSI
10 4 (0.86%) NAS
10 4 (0.86%) SAN
10 4 (0.86%) Unified Communications
11 3 (0.65%) H.323
11 3 (0.65%) HTTPS
11 3 (0.65%) MGCP
11 3 (0.65%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (5.17%) PostgreSQL
2 19 (4.09%) MongoDB
3 17 (3.66%) Amazon RDS
4 16 (3.45%) Big Data
5 15 (3.23%) NoSQL
6 14 (3.02%) Azure SQL Database
7 13 (2.80%) MySQL
8 12 (2.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 11 (2.37%) Cosmos DB
10 9 (1.94%) Data Warehouse
10 9 (1.94%) Hadoop
10 9 (1.94%) Redis
10 9 (1.94%) Relational Database
11 7 (1.51%) Apache Cassandra
12 6 (1.29%) Blockchain
13 5 (1.08%) Hazelcast
13 5 (1.08%) HBase
13 5 (1.08%) SQL Server
14 4 (0.86%) Data Lake
14 4 (0.86%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 116 (25.00%) Jenkins
2 81 (17.46%) Git (software)
3 56 (12.07%) GitLab
4 35 (7.54%) JIRA
5 19 (4.09%) Bitbucket
6 18 (3.88%) git-flow
7 15 (3.23%) SonarQube
8 12 (2.59%) Maven
8 12 (2.59%) Selenium
8 12 (2.59%) TeamCity
9 11 (2.37%) Sonatype Nexus
10 10 (2.16%) Artifactory
10 10 (2.16%) JUnit
11 9 (1.94%) Visual Studio
12 8 (1.72%) CircleCI
13 6 (1.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 6 (1.29%) Gradle
13 6 (1.29%) Team Foundation Server
13 6 (1.29%) Travis CI
13 6 (1.29%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 75 (16.16%) Finance
2 40 (8.62%) Public Sector
3 24 (5.17%) Banking
4 16 (3.45%) Telecoms
5 14 (3.02%) Retail
6 9 (1.94%) Marketing
7 7 (1.51%) Electronics
7 7 (1.51%) Manufacturing
8 6 (1.29%) Front Office
8 6 (1.29%) iGaming
9 5 (1.08%) Investment Banking
10 4 (0.86%) Advertising
10 4 (0.86%) Law
11 3 (0.65%) Publishing
12 2 (0.43%) Games
12 2 (0.43%) German Language
12 2 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.22%) Billing
13 1 (0.22%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.22%) Portuguese Language
Job Titles
1 160 (34.48%) DevOps Engineer
2 85 (18.32%) Azure Engineer
3 70 (15.09%) AWS Engineer
4 69 (14.87%) Cloud Engineer
5 67 (14.44%) Architect
6 53 (11.42%) Developer
7 49 (10.56%) AWS DevOps
8 45 (9.70%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 42 (9.05%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 40 (8.62%) Azure DevOps
11 35 (7.54%) Senior DevOps
12 34 (7.33%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 28 (6.03%) Cloud Architect
14 27 (5.82%) Azure Architect
14 27 (5.82%) Platform Engineer
15 15 (3.23%) Full Stack Developer
16 14 (3.02%) AWS Architect
17 12 (2.59%) Consultant
17 12 (2.59%) Lead DevOps
17 12 (2.59%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 50 (10.78%) .NET
2 42 (9.05%) Kafka
3 40 (8.62%) Node.js
4 24 (5.17%) YAML
5 23 (4.96%) JSON
6 22 (4.74%) .NET Core
6 22 (4.74%) React
7 21 (4.53%) REST
8 20 (4.31%) Web Services
9 14 (3.02%) AngularJS
10 12 (2.59%) Elastic Stack
11 10 (2.16%) Spring
12 9 (1.94%) Middleware
12 9 (1.94%) XML
13 8 (1.72%) .NET Framework
13 8 (1.72%) GraphQL
13 8 (1.72%) OAuth
14 7 (1.51%) HTML
14 7 (1.51%) Lambda Expressions
14 7 (1.51%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 40 (8.62%) Cloud Native
2 28 (6.03%) Public Cloud
3 21 (4.53%) Analytical Skills
4 15 (3.23%) Linux Command Line
5 14 (3.02%) Data Centre
6 12 (2.59%) Greenfield Project
7 10 (2.16%) Management Information System
8 9 (1.94%) Algorithms
8 9 (1.94%) Hedge funds
9 7 (1.51%) Enterprise Software
9 7 (1.51%) Self-Motivation
10 6 (1.29%) Data Structures
10 6 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
11 5 (1.08%) Blog
11 5 (1.08%) Enterprise Cloud
11 5 (1.08%) PKI
11 5 (1.08%) User Experience
12 3 (0.65%) CMDB
12 3 (0.65%) Virtual Team
13 2 (0.43%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 146 (31.47%) Linux
2 64 (13.79%) Windows
3 26 (5.60%) Unix
4 14 (3.02%) CentOS
5 12 (2.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (1.51%) Solaris
6 7 (1.51%) Windows Server
7 5 (1.08%) Windows 10
8 2 (0.43%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.43%) Windows Server 2008
8 2 (0.43%) Windows Server 2016
9 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 349 (75.22%) DevOps
2 130 (28.02%) Agile Software Development
3 88 (18.97%) Microservices
4 65 (14.01%) Continuous Integration
5 64 (13.79%) Configuration Management
6 48 (10.34%) Continuous Delivery
7 46 (9.91%) Software Engineering
8 43 (9.27%) Test Automation
9 41 (8.84%) Site Reliability Engineering
10 36 (7.76%) TDD
11 35 (7.54%) Infrastructure Automation
12 34 (7.33%) Analytics
13 32 (6.90%) Deployment Automation
14 31 (6.68%) Scrum
15 30 (6.47%) Problem-Solving
16 29 (6.25%) Migration
16 29 (6.25%) Open Source
17 25 (5.39%) Data Science
18 24 (5.17%) Machine Learning
19 23 (4.96%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 170 (36.64%) Python
2 93 (20.04%) Java
3 74 (15.95%) PowerShell
4 64 (13.79%) Bash Shell
5 52 (11.21%) SQL
6 49 (10.56%) JavaScript
7 38 (8.19%) C#
8 30 (6.47%) Go
9 24 (5.17%) Ruby
9 24 (5.17%) TypeScript
10 15 (3.23%) Scala
11 11 (2.37%) C++
12 10 (2.16%) C
12 10 (2.16%) Shell Script
13 7 (1.51%) Rust
14 6 (1.29%) Perl
15 5 (1.08%) Ada
16 4 (0.86%) PHP
16 4 (0.86%) R
17 3 (0.65%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 77 (16.59%) Security Cleared
2 68 (14.66%) SC Cleared
3 20 (4.31%) Degree
4 13 (2.80%) AWS Certification
5 9 (1.94%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (1.08%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.86%) Cisco Certification
8 3 (0.65%) CCNP
9 2 (0.43%) CCNA
9 2 (0.43%) CISM
9 2 (0.43%) CISSP
9 2 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.22%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 1 (0.22%) CCIE
10 1 (0.22%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (3.66%) QA
2 3 (0.65%) NIST
2 3 (0.65%) SLA
3 1 (0.22%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.22%) PMO
3 1 (0.22%) WCAG
System Software
1 157 (33.84%) Docker
2 17 (3.66%) Active Directory
3 12 (2.59%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (2.16%) KVM
4 10 (2.16%) Virtual Machines
5 8 (1.72%) Hyper-V
6 5 (1.08%) Microsoft App-V
7 4 (0.86%) NFS
7 4 (0.86%) Oracle RAC
7 4 (0.86%) SRDF
7 4 (0.86%) VMware NSX
7 4 (0.86%) Xen
8 3 (0.65%) LXC
9 2 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.22%) Varnish
10 1 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 343 (73.92%) Terraform
2 193 (41.59%) Kubernetes
3 162 (34.91%) Ansible
4 38 (8.19%) Puppet
5 30 (6.47%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (6.25%) Prometheus
7 19 (4.09%) Grafana
8 16 (3.45%) Packer
9 12 (2.59%) Istio
10 9 (1.94%) Salt
11 8 (1.72%) ZABBIX
12 6 (1.29%) Microsoft Intune
13 5 (1.08%) Docker Swarm
14 4 (0.86%) Consul
14 4 (0.86%) HP Fortify
14 4 (0.86%) Rancher
14 4 (0.86%) SCCM
14 4 (0.86%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 3 (0.65%) Kibana
15 3 (0.65%) vRealize
Vendors
1 74 (15.95%) Microsoft
2 43 (9.27%) Google
3 23 (4.96%) VMware
4 20 (4.31%) Red Hat
5 13 (2.80%) Splunk
6 12 (2.59%) Atlassian
6 12 (2.59%) Oracle
7 11 (2.37%) New Relic
8 10 (2.16%) SAP
9 8 (1.72%) Databricks
9 8 (1.72%) Dynatrace
9 8 (1.72%) Okta
10 7 (1.51%) Cisco
10 7 (1.51%) Dell
10 7 (1.51%) IBM
11 6 (1.29%) MuleSoft
12 5 (1.08%) Confluent
12 5 (1.08%) NetApp
13 4 (0.86%) EMC
13 4 (0.86%) ServiceNow