Period
to 10 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 10 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
England > London
6 months to
10 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 149 196 252
Rank change year-on-year +47 +56 +126
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 278 542 498
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.83% 1.35% 1.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.05% 1.52% 1.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 205 369 352
Median daily rate £550 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.35% +4.55% -1.79%
10th Percentile £435 £450 £438
90th Percentile £713 £725 £700
England median daily rate £525 £550 £530
% change year-on-year -4.55% +3.77% -3.64%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 1 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 £67.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -48.15% - -
England median hourly rate £35.00 £67.50 -
% change year-on-year -48.15% - -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 13,538 35,654 40,798
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 88.96% 88.57% 88.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,120 25,559 29,563
Median daily rate £525 £520 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +1.52%
10th Percentile £325 £338 £325
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
England median daily rate £488 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +2.63% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 230 422 528
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.50 £24.04
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +1.91% +3.40%
10th Percentile £17.48 £12.50 £14.00
90th Percentile £55.10 £56.50 £54.01
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year +40.00% +16.28% -9.47%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London.

Hourly rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the London region over the 6 months to 10 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +114 72 £550 -4.35% 30
South London +22 4 £558 -3.04% 5
East London +18 4 £538 -2.27% 4
West London +53 3 £630 +12.00% 21
Infrastructure as Code
England

For the 6 months to 10 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 215 (77.34%) DevOps
2 211 (75.90%) Terraform
3 149 (53.60%) AWS
4 137 (49.28%) Kubernetes
5 135 (48.56%) Ansible
6 124 (44.60%) Docker
7 120 (43.17%) Agile Software Development
8 112 (40.29%) Python
9 106 (38.13%) Jenkins
10 103 (37.05%) Azure
11 93 (33.45%) Linux
12 75 (26.98%) Java
13 73 (26.26%) Finance
14 65 (23.38%) Git (software)
15 58 (20.86%) Continuous Integration
16 56 (20.14%) Microservices
17 51 (18.35%) Bash Shell
18 50 (17.99%) Configuration Management
19 49 (17.63%) Puppet
20 47 (16.91%) AWS CloudFormation
20 47 (16.91%) PowerShell
21 44 (15.83%) JIRA
22 42 (15.11%) GCP
22 42 (15.11%) GitLab
23 40 (14.39%) Security Cleared
24 39 (14.03%) Windows
25 38 (13.67%) GitHub
25 38 (13.67%) Serverless
26 35 (12.59%) Amazon EC2
26 35 (12.59%) OpenShift

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (10.79%) Confluence
2 11 (3.96%) Apache
3 8 (2.88%) SharePoint
4 7 (2.52%) Elasticsearch
4 7 (2.52%) nginx
5 6 (2.16%) Apache Spark
6 4 (1.44%) IIS
7 3 (1.08%) Apache Airflow
7 3 (1.08%) JBoss
7 3 (1.08%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.36%) Apache Solr
8 1 (0.36%) Ethereum
8 1 (0.36%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.36%) Luigi
8 1 (0.36%) OpenStack
Applications
1 1 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.36%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 149 (53.60%) AWS
2 103 (37.05%) Azure
3 47 (16.91%) AWS CloudFormation
4 42 (15.11%) GCP
5 38 (13.67%) GitHub
5 38 (13.67%) Serverless
6 35 (12.59%) Amazon EC2
6 35 (12.59%) OpenShift
7 31 (11.15%) Amazon S3
8 23 (8.27%) Amazon EKS
8 23 (8.27%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 18 (6.47%) IaaS
10 17 (6.12%) AWS Lambda
11 15 (5.40%) Amazon ECS
11 15 (5.40%) PaaS
12 14 (5.04%) Cloud Computing
13 10 (3.60%) Amazon ELB
14 9 (3.24%) Azure Stack
15 7 (2.52%) Route 53
15 7 (2.52%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 19 (6.83%) Firewall
2 11 (3.96%) Kerberos
3 10 (3.60%) VPN
4 9 (3.24%) DNS
5 7 (2.52%) Internet
6 5 (1.80%) Skype
7 4 (1.44%) HTTP
7 4 (1.44%) Reverse Proxy
8 3 (1.08%) OpenVPN
8 3 (1.08%) TCP/IP
9 2 (0.72%) DSL
9 2 (0.72%) Intrusion Detection
9 2 (0.72%) Network Security
10 1 (0.36%) Cisco ASA
10 1 (0.36%) DHCP
10 1 (0.36%) LAN
10 1 (0.36%) VLAN
10 1 (0.36%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 27 (9.71%) NoSQL
2 21 (7.55%) SQL Server
3 18 (6.47%) Big Data
4 17 (6.12%) MySQL
4 17 (6.12%) PostgreSQL
4 17 (6.12%) Relational Database
5 11 (3.96%) RDBMS
6 10 (3.60%) Hadoop
7 8 (2.88%) Amazon RDS
7 8 (2.88%) MongoDB
8 7 (2.52%) Apache Cassandra
9 6 (2.16%) Oracle Database
9 6 (2.16%) Redis
10 5 (1.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 5 (1.80%) HBase
11 4 (1.44%) Amazon Redshift
11 4 (1.44%) Data Warehouse
11 4 (1.44%) MariaDB
11 4 (1.44%) Parquet
11 4 (1.44%) Sybase ASE
Development Applications
1 106 (38.13%) Jenkins
2 65 (23.38%) Git (software)
3 44 (15.83%) JIRA
4 42 (15.11%) GitLab
5 19 (6.83%) Bitbucket
6 15 (5.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 15 (5.40%) Subversion
7 12 (4.32%) CircleCI
8 10 (3.60%) SonarQube
8 10 (3.60%) Sonatype Nexus
9 9 (3.24%) Artifactory
10 8 (2.88%) Terragrunt
11 7 (2.52%) TeamCity
12 6 (2.16%) JUnit
12 6 (2.16%) Maven
13 5 (1.80%) Cucumber
13 5 (1.80%) Visual Studio
13 5 (1.80%) Visual Studio Team System
14 4 (1.44%) Snyk
14 4 (1.44%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 73 (26.26%) Finance
2 30 (10.79%) Public Sector
3 9 (3.24%) Banking
4 7 (2.52%) Retail
5 5 (1.80%) Front Office
5 5 (1.80%) Local Government
5 5 (1.80%) Marketing
5 5 (1.80%) Telecoms
6 4 (1.44%) Electronics
6 4 (1.44%) Manufacturing
7 3 (1.08%) Publishing
8 2 (0.72%) Financial Institution
8 2 (0.72%) Games
8 2 (0.72%) Law
8 2 (0.72%) Pharmaceutical
9 1 (0.36%) Advertising
9 1 (0.36%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 125 (44.96%) DevOps Engineer
2 52 (18.71%) AWS Engineer
3 32 (11.51%) AWS DevOps
4 31 (11.15%) Developer
5 30 (10.79%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 30 (10.79%) Cloud Engineer
6 28 (10.07%) Senior DevOps
7 26 (9.35%) Architect
8 25 (8.99%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 24 (8.63%) Site Reliability Engineer
10 23 (8.27%) Site Engineer
11 22 (7.91%) Platform Engineer
12 21 (7.55%) Azure Engineer
13 17 (6.12%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 15 (5.40%) Python Engineer
15 12 (4.32%) Full Stack Developer
16 9 (3.24%) Azure Architect
16 9 (3.24%) Python Developer
17 8 (2.88%) AWS Architect
17 8 (2.88%) Azure DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 32 (11.51%) Kafka
2 25 (8.99%) Web Services
3 24 (8.63%) .NET
4 19 (6.83%) Node.js
5 18 (6.47%) AngularJS
6 16 (5.76%) CSS
7 15 (5.40%) HTML
8 13 (4.68%) REST
9 11 (3.96%) LDAP
10 10 (3.60%) .NET Core
10 10 (3.60%) JSON
11 8 (2.88%) CSS3
11 8 (2.88%) Elastic Stack
12 7 (2.52%) ASP.NET Web API
12 7 (2.52%) React
12 7 (2.52%) YAML
13 6 (2.16%) LAPP Stack
13 6 (2.16%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 4 (1.44%) LEMP Stack
14 4 (1.44%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 23 (8.27%) Cloud Native
2 19 (6.83%) Analytical Skills
2 19 (6.83%) Hybrid Cloud
3 18 (6.47%) Linux Command Line
4 17 (6.12%) Greenfield Project
4 17 (6.12%) Public Cloud
5 13 (4.68%) Data Centre
6 11 (3.96%) Private Cloud
7 7 (2.52%) Management Information System
7 7 (2.52%) Self-Motivation
8 5 (1.80%) Algorithms
8 5 (1.80%) Blog
8 5 (1.80%) Data Structures
8 5 (1.80%) FMCG
9 4 (1.44%) Mobile App
10 3 (1.08%) Clustering
11 2 (0.72%) Hedge funds
11 2 (0.72%) iPad
11 2 (0.72%) User Experience
11 2 (0.72%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 93 (33.45%) Linux
2 39 (14.03%) Windows
3 14 (5.04%) Unix
4 12 (4.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 10 (3.60%) Windows Server
6 9 (3.24%) VMS
7 5 (1.80%) CentOS
8 3 (1.08%) CoreOS
8 3 (1.08%) Solaris
8 3 (1.08%) Ubuntu
8 3 (1.08%) Windows 10
8 3 (1.08%) Windows Server 2008
8 3 (1.08%) Windows Server 2016
9 2 (0.72%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.72%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 215 (77.34%) DevOps
2 120 (43.17%) Agile Software Development
3 58 (20.86%) Continuous Integration
4 56 (20.14%) Microservices
5 50 (17.99%) Configuration Management
6 31 (11.15%) Continuous Delivery
7 30 (10.79%) Site Reliability Engineering
8 29 (10.43%) Software Engineering
9 28 (10.07%) Migration
9 28 (10.07%) Open Source
10 25 (8.99%) Data Engineering
11 24 (8.63%) TDD
12 23 (8.27%) Mentoring
13 22 (7.91%) Data Science
13 22 (7.91%) Machine Learning
13 22 (7.91%) Test Automation
14 21 (7.55%) Scrum
15 20 (7.19%) Deployment Automation
16 19 (6.83%) Infrastructure Automation
17 17 (6.12%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 112 (40.29%) Python
2 75 (26.98%) Java
3 51 (18.35%) Bash Shell
4 47 (16.91%) PowerShell
5 31 (11.15%) JavaScript
5 31 (11.15%) SQL
6 27 (9.71%) Go
7 25 (8.99%) C#
8 24 (8.63%) Ruby
9 14 (5.04%) TypeScript
10 12 (4.32%) Perl
11 11 (3.96%) Shell Script
12 10 (3.60%) Scala
13 9 (3.24%) Groovy
14 7 (2.52%) R
15 4 (1.44%) C++
16 3 (1.08%) Kotlin
16 3 (1.08%) PHP
16 3 (1.08%) Rust
17 2 (0.72%) ES6
Qualifications
1 40 (14.39%) Security Cleared
2 32 (11.51%) SC Cleared
3 17 (6.12%) DV Cleared
4 12 (4.32%) AWS Certification
5 10 (3.60%) Degree
6 5 (1.80%) Cisco Certification
7 4 (1.44%) CISSP
8 3 (1.08%) CCNA
8 3 (1.08%) TOGAF Certification
9 2 (0.72%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 2 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.72%) CISM
10 1 (0.36%) Computer Science Degree
10 1 (0.36%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (1.44%) QA
2 2 (0.72%) Data Quality
2 2 (0.72%) NIST
3 1 (0.36%) SLA
System Software
1 124 (44.60%) Docker
2 13 (4.68%) Active Directory
3 10 (3.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (1.80%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (1.44%) vSphere
6 3 (1.08%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.72%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.72%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (0.72%) zsh
8 1 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.36%) HDFS
8 1 (0.36%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.36%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.36%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 211 (75.90%) Terraform
2 137 (49.28%) Kubernetes
3 135 (48.56%) Ansible
4 49 (17.63%) Puppet
5 32 (11.51%) Opscode Chef
6 15 (5.40%) Packer
7 12 (4.32%) Prometheus
8 9 (3.24%) Istio
9 8 (2.88%) Kibana
10 4 (1.44%) Grafana
10 4 (1.44%) Salt
11 3 (1.08%) Rancher
12 2 (0.72%) Argo
12 2 (0.72%) Data Guard
12 2 (0.72%) Docker Swarm
12 2 (0.72%) Graphite
12 2 (0.72%) logstash
12 2 (0.72%) Microsoft Clustering
12 2 (0.72%) Nagios
12 2 (0.72%) Nessus
Vendors
1 30 (10.79%) Microsoft
2 17 (6.12%) Oracle
3 14 (5.04%) Red Hat
4 11 (3.96%) Atlassian
4 11 (3.96%) SaltStack
4 11 (3.96%) VMware
5 10 (3.60%) Google
5 10 (3.60%) Sybase
6 9 (3.24%) SAP
7 4 (1.44%) Splunk
8 3 (1.08%) AppDynamics
8 3 (1.08%) Cisco
8 3 (1.08%) Confluent
8 3 (1.08%) ServiceNow
8 3 (1.08%) Tableau
8 3 (1.08%) TOWER Software
8 3 (1.08%) Veracode
9 2 (0.72%) Citrix
9 2 (0.72%) Informatica
9 2 (0.72%) StreamSets