Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
England > London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 92 169 173
Rank change year-on-year +77 +4 +75
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,023 237 578
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.86% 1.70% 1.58%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.13% 1.91% 1.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 742 184 417
10th Percentile £438 £425 £450
25th Percentile £500 £478 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £600
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% -8.33% +9.09%
75th Percentile £669 £638 £675
90th Percentile £749 £725 £725
England median daily rate £550 £525 £575
% change year-on-year +4.76% -8.70% +4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 0
Median hourly rate £61.00 - -
England median hourly rate £61.00 £52.00 £48.50
% change year-on-year +17.31% +7.22% -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 32,632 12,424 32,597
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.34% 89.28% 88.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,538 8,939 23,826
10th Percentile £365 £323 £325
25th Percentile £460 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £510 £513
Median % change year-on-year +7.84% -0.49% +2.50%
75th Percentile £650 £615 £600
90th Percentile £738 £713 £688
England median daily rate £520 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +9.47% - +1.60%
Number of hourly rates quoted 282 101 379
10th Percentile £15.00 £15.00 £12.04
25th Percentile £20.12 £20.50 £15.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £34.53 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +1.36% +53.47% +12.50%
75th Percentile £53.75 £43.00 £43.75
90th Percentile £65.00 £52.50 £52.50
England median hourly rate £24.36 £25.33 £22.50
% change year-on-year -3.83% +12.58% +12.50%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London.

Hourly rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 108 £600 +13.21% 115
South London +28 34 £550 +8.91% 8
West London +2 21 £608 -3.57% 26
East London - 2 £465 - 22
Infrastructure as Code
England

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 771 (75.37%) DevOps
2 729 (71.26%) Terraform
3 569 (55.62%) Azure
4 504 (49.27%) AWS
5 455 (44.48%) Kubernetes
6 413 (40.37%) Docker
7 409 (39.98%) Python
8 307 (30.01%) Jenkins
9 305 (29.81%) Ansible
10 278 (27.17%) Agile Software Development
11 232 (22.68%) Bash Shell
12 218 (21.31%) Linux
13 207 (20.23%) Microsoft
14 203 (19.84%) AWS CloudFormation
15 199 (19.45%) Java
16 194 (18.96%) PaaS
17 184 (17.99%) GCP
18 182 (17.79%) GitHub
19 181 (17.69%) PowerShell
20 171 (16.72%) Microservices
21 170 (16.62%) Finance
22 167 (16.32%) Serverless
23 151 (14.76%) Social Skills
24 137 (13.39%) Git (software)
25 136 (13.29%) IaaS
26 135 (13.20%) Configuration Management
27 129 (12.61%) Scrum
28 124 (12.12%) Site Reliability Engineering
29 113 (11.05%) SQL
30 112 (10.95%) Cloud Native

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (5.38%) Confluence
2 34 (3.32%) Apache Spark
3 28 (2.74%) Elasticsearch
4 26 (2.54%) Apache
5 23 (2.25%) Apache Airflow
6 13 (1.27%) nginx
7 7 (0.68%) SharePoint
7 7 (0.68%) Tomcat
8 5 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 5 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
8 5 (0.49%) Mule
9 4 (0.39%) CMS
9 4 (0.39%) JBoss
9 4 (0.39%) Mattermost
9 4 (0.39%) OpenStack
10 3 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 2 (0.20%) Apache Pig
11 2 (0.20%) IIS
11 2 (0.20%) Red Hat Fuse
11 2 (0.20%) WebSphere
Applications
1 3 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.20%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.098%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 6 (0.59%) Payment Gateway
2 2 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
2 2 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
2 2 (0.20%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.098%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.098%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 569 (55.62%) Azure
2 504 (49.27%) AWS
3 203 (19.84%) AWS CloudFormation
4 194 (18.96%) PaaS
5 184 (17.99%) GCP
6 182 (17.79%) GitHub
7 167 (16.32%) Serverless
8 136 (13.29%) IaaS
9 73 (7.14%) SaaS
10 67 (6.55%) AWS Lambda
11 53 (5.18%) Cloud Computing
12 50 (4.89%) Amazon EKS
13 45 (4.40%) Amazon EC2
13 45 (4.40%) Amazon ECS
14 41 (4.01%) Azure Functions
15 37 (3.62%) GitHub Actions
16 35 (3.42%) Amazon S3
17 33 (3.23%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 29 (2.83%) OpenShift
19 28 (2.74%) AWS CodePipeline
Communications & Networking
1 39 (3.81%) DNS
2 33 (3.23%) Firewall
2 33 (3.23%) Network Security
3 23 (2.25%) SSL
4 20 (1.96%) VPN
5 14 (1.37%) HTTP
6 13 (1.27%) TCP/IP
7 12 (1.17%) WAN
8 9 (0.88%) BGP
9 8 (0.78%) Kerberos
9 8 (0.78%) OSPF
9 8 (0.78%) Reverse Proxy
10 6 (0.59%) Internet
11 4 (0.39%) LAN
11 4 (0.39%) SSH
12 3 (0.29%) NAS
12 3 (0.29%) SAN
12 3 (0.29%) SD-WAN
12 3 (0.29%) SNMP
12 3 (0.29%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 53 (5.18%) PostgreSQL
2 51 (4.99%) NoSQL
3 41 (4.01%) Data Lake
4 40 (3.91%) Amazon RDS
5 39 (3.81%) Big Data
6 32 (3.13%) Hadoop
7 30 (2.93%) MongoDB
8 29 (2.83%) SQL Server
9 24 (2.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 22 (2.15%) Data Warehouse
11 21 (2.05%) Azure SQL Database
12 20 (1.96%) Relational Database
13 19 (1.86%) Power BI
14 16 (1.56%) Apache Cassandra
15 15 (1.47%) BigQuery
15 15 (1.47%) Tableau
16 14 (1.37%) MySQL
17 13 (1.27%) Redis
18 11 (1.08%) Amazon Redshift
18 11 (1.08%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 307 (30.01%) Jenkins
2 137 (13.39%) Git (software)
3 84 (8.21%) JIRA
4 76 (7.43%) TeamCity
5 65 (6.35%) GitLab
6 60 (5.87%) Gradle
7 58 (5.67%) Maven
8 32 (3.13%) Bitbucket
9 27 (2.64%) Sonatype Nexus
10 26 (2.54%) CircleCI
11 23 (2.25%) Subversion
12 22 (2.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 16 (1.56%) GoCD
14 14 (1.37%) SonarQube
15 12 (1.17%) Selenium
16 11 (1.08%) Octopus Deploy
17 10 (0.98%) Cypress.io
18 9 (0.88%) Locust
18 9 (0.88%) Visual Studio Team System
19 8 (0.78%) Travis CI
General
1 170 (16.62%) Finance
2 151 (14.76%) Social Skills
3 56 (5.47%) Banking
4 55 (5.38%) Public Sector
5 39 (3.81%) Analytical Skills
6 36 (3.52%) Retail
7 27 (2.64%) Financial Institution
8 25 (2.44%) Legal
9 23 (2.25%) Telecoms
10 22 (2.15%) Investment Banking
10 22 (2.15%) Presentation Skills
11 14 (1.37%) Law
12 9 (0.88%) Games
13 6 (0.59%) Marketing
14 5 (0.49%) Documentation Skills
15 4 (0.39%) Publishing
16 3 (0.29%) Electronics
16 3 (0.29%) Manufacturing
17 2 (0.20%) Corporate Banking
17 2 (0.20%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 355 (34.70%) DevOps Engineer
2 202 (19.75%) Azure Engineer
3 173 (16.91%) Architect
4 140 (13.69%) Cloud Engineer
5 134 (13.10%) AWS Engineer
6 119 (11.63%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 87 (8.50%) AWS DevOps
8 86 (8.41%) Azure Architect
9 78 (7.62%) Developer
10 73 (7.14%) Azure DevOps
11 69 (6.74%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 65 (6.35%) Cloud Architect
13 56 (5.47%) Platform Engineer
13 56 (5.47%) Solutions Architect
14 50 (4.89%) Site Reliability Engineer
15 48 (4.69%) Site Engineer
16 44 (4.30%) Data Engineer
17 43 (4.20%) Senior DevOps
18 35 (3.42%) Senior DevOps Engineer
19 30 (2.93%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 74 (7.23%) Kafka
2 58 (5.67%) ARM Templates
3 55 (5.38%) Node.js
4 54 (5.28%) Web Services
5 51 (4.99%) .NET
6 47 (4.59%) Spring Boot
7 37 (3.62%) React
8 32 (3.13%) Elastic Stack
9 30 (2.93%) Spring
10 27 (2.64%) YAML
11 22 (2.15%) REST
12 21 (2.05%) AngularJS
13 18 (1.76%) RESTful
14 17 (1.66%) HTML
15 16 (1.56%) .NET Core
16 15 (1.47%) LDAP
17 14 (1.37%) ASP.NET
18 13 (1.27%) CSS
18 13 (1.27%) JSON
19 12 (1.17%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 112 (10.95%) Cloud Native
2 87 (8.50%) Public Cloud
3 47 (4.59%) Data Centre
4 37 (3.62%) Management Information System
5 34 (3.32%) Data Protection Act
6 27 (2.64%) Hybrid Cloud
7 23 (2.25%) Enterprise Cloud
8 22 (2.15%) Linux Command Line
9 19 (1.86%) Hedge funds
10 17 (1.66%) Greenfield Project
11 13 (1.27%) Virtual Team
12 12 (1.17%) Legacy Applications
12 12 (1.17%) PKI
13 11 (1.08%) Algorithms
13 11 (1.08%) Private Cloud
14 10 (0.98%) Legacy Systems
15 9 (0.88%) CMDB
15 9 (0.88%) Mobile App
15 9 (0.88%) Self-Motivation
16 8 (0.78%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 218 (21.31%) Linux
2 107 (10.46%) Windows
3 32 (3.13%) Unix
4 20 (1.96%) Windows Server
5 19 (1.86%) Ubuntu
6 14 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.98%) CentOS
8 7 (0.68%) Apple iOS
8 7 (0.68%) Windows Server 2019
9 6 (0.59%) Windows Server 2016
10 5 (0.49%) Android
11 4 (0.39%) Solaris
12 3 (0.29%) Amazon Linux
12 3 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.20%) VMS
14 1 (0.098%) Debian
14 1 (0.098%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.098%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 771 (75.37%) DevOps
2 278 (27.17%) Agile Software Development
3 171 (16.72%) Microservices
4 135 (13.20%) Configuration Management
5 129 (12.61%) Scrum
6 124 (12.12%) Site Reliability Engineering
7 102 (9.97%) Migration
8 101 (9.87%) Continuous Integration
9 90 (8.80%) Open Source
10 88 (8.60%) Analytics
11 76 (7.43%) Continuous Delivery
12 74 (7.23%) Test Automation
13 71 (6.94%) Deployment Automation
14 62 (6.06%) Problem-Solving
15 60 (5.87%) Data Protection
15 60 (5.87%) Software Engineering
16 58 (5.67%) DevSecOps
16 58 (5.67%) Machine Learning
17 53 (5.18%) Kanban
18 49 (4.79%) Collaborative Working
Programming Languages
1 409 (39.98%) Python
2 232 (22.68%) Bash Shell
3 199 (19.45%) Java
4 181 (17.69%) PowerShell
5 113 (11.05%) SQL
6 109 (10.65%) JavaScript
7 85 (8.31%) Go
8 79 (7.72%) C#
9 49 (4.79%) Groovy
10 44 (4.30%) Ruby
11 29 (2.83%) C
12 28 (2.74%) TypeScript
13 24 (2.35%) C++
14 20 (1.96%) Shell Script
15 12 (1.17%) Scala
16 9 (0.88%) Perl
16 9 (0.88%) PHP
17 8 (0.78%) Java 11
17 8 (0.78%) Kotlin
18 5 (0.49%) Bicep
Qualifications
1 86 (8.41%) Security Cleared
2 60 (5.87%) SC Cleared
3 30 (2.93%) AWS Certification
4 26 (2.54%) Degree
5 9 (0.88%) Microsoft Certification
6 6 (0.59%) Computer Science Degree
7 5 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
8 4 (0.39%) CISSP
8 4 (0.39%) RHCE
9 2 (0.20%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.20%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
10 1 (0.098%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.098%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (3.71%) GDPR
2 26 (2.54%) QA
3 10 (0.98%) SLA
4 9 (0.88%) PCI DSS
5 7 (0.68%) Data Quality
6 6 (0.59%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 4 (0.39%) NIST
8 3 (0.29%) COBIT
8 3 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.20%) PSD2
9 2 (0.20%) SOC 2
10 1 (0.098%) Accessibility
10 1 (0.098%) GRC
10 1 (0.098%) IFRS
10 1 (0.098%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.098%) SOC 1
System Software
1 413 (40.37%) Docker
2 40 (3.91%) Active Directory
3 32 (3.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (1.08%) NFS
5 9 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (0.88%) VMware ESXi
6 7 (0.68%) HDFS
6 7 (0.68%) vSphere
7 6 (0.59%) KVM
8 5 (0.49%) Virtual Desktop
9 4 (0.39%) Oracle RAC
10 3 (0.29%) Ceph
10 3 (0.29%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 2 (0.20%) LXC
11 2 (0.20%) SRDF
11 2 (0.20%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.20%) Xen
12 1 (0.098%) Veritas File System
12 1 (0.098%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 729 (71.26%) Terraform
2 455 (44.48%) Kubernetes
3 305 (29.81%) Ansible
4 104 (10.17%) Puppet
5 65 (6.35%) Opscode Chef
6 62 (6.06%) Prometheus
7 40 (3.91%) Grafana
8 29 (2.83%) Istio
9 25 (2.44%) Packer
10 19 (1.86%) Kibana
11 12 (1.17%) Rancher
12 10 (0.98%) Nagios
13 9 (0.88%) Docker Swarm
14 7 (0.68%) Consul
14 7 (0.68%) Microsoft Intune
15 6 (0.59%) Icinga
16 5 (0.49%) Ambari
16 5 (0.49%) logstash
17 4 (0.39%) Mesos
17 4 (0.39%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 207 (20.23%) Microsoft
2 106 (10.36%) Google
3 48 (4.69%) VMware
4 41 (4.01%) Databricks
5 33 (3.23%) Oracle
6 32 (3.13%) Atlassian
7 28 (2.74%) Splunk
8 19 (1.86%) ServiceNow
9 18 (1.76%) Red Hat
10 14 (1.37%) Cisco
11 13 (1.27%) Dynatrace
11 13 (1.27%) New Relic
12 11 (1.08%) MuleSoft
13 10 (0.98%) AppDynamics
13 10 (0.98%) SaltStack
14 9 (0.88%) IBM
14 9 (0.88%) NetApp
15 7 (0.68%) Informatica
15 7 (0.68%) SAP
15 7 (0.68%) Sybase