Period
to 7 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 7 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
England > London
6 months to
7 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 177 239 393
Rank change year-on-year +62 +154 -23
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 517 542 264
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.51% 1.16% 0.56%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.73% 1.31% 0.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 381 370 192
London median daily rate £600 £558 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.62% +6.19% -4.11%
10th Percentile £450 £452 £413
90th Percentile £725 £676 £675
England median daily rate £575 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
London median hourly rate £35.00 - -
England median hourly rate £35.00 - £45.00

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 29,953 41,308 42,026
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.59% 88.28% 88.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,441 29,816 30,571
London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 402 471 397
London median hourly rate £24.50 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.08% +6.67% +3.73%
10th Percentile £12.44 £13.00 £13.31
90th Percentile £53.75 £55.46 £49.25
England median hourly rate £23.75 £22.00 £23.63
% change year-on-year +7.95% -6.88% +5.00%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the London region over the 6 months to 7 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +31 109 £569 +3.41% 58
East London +57 27 £600 +20.00% 4
South London +23 27 £550 -4.35% 5
West London +8 4 £463 -5.13% 16
North London +13 1 £575 +4.55%
Infrastructure as Code
England

For the 6 months to 7 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 430 (83.17%) DevOps
2 366 (70.79%) Terraform
3 286 (55.32%) AWS
4 238 (46.03%) Agile Software Development
4 238 (46.03%) Kubernetes
5 224 (43.33%) Python
6 214 (41.39%) Ansible
7 193 (37.33%) Docker
8 188 (36.36%) Azure
9 163 (31.53%) Jenkins
9 163 (31.53%) Linux
10 141 (27.27%) Continuous Integration
11 123 (23.79%) Configuration Management
12 122 (23.60%) Opscode Chef
13 110 (21.28%) Finance
14 107 (20.70%) Git (software)
15 102 (19.73%) Security Cleared
16 101 (19.54%) Puppet
16 101 (19.54%) GCP
17 100 (19.34%) AWS CloudFormation
18 94 (18.18%) Microservices
18 94 (18.18%) Java
19 87 (16.83%) Bash Shell
20 83 (16.05%) Migration
20 83 (16.05%) Ruby
21 77 (14.89%) SC Cleared
22 66 (12.77%) PaaS
23 65 (12.57%) PowerShell
24 63 (12.19%) JavaScript
25 61 (11.80%) Kanban

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (4.64%) Elasticsearch
2 23 (4.45%) Confluence
3 11 (2.13%) Apache
4 10 (1.93%) IIS
5 8 (1.55%) Apache Spark
6 6 (1.16%) OpenStack
7 5 (0.97%) Apache Airflow
7 5 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
7 5 (0.97%) JBoss
7 5 (0.97%) Tomcat
8 4 (0.77%) nginx
9 3 (0.58%) WebLogic
10 2 (0.39%) SharePoint
11 1 (0.19%) Apache Solr
11 1 (0.19%) MS Exchange
11 1 (0.19%) Oracle HTTP Server
11 1 (0.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 1 (0.19%) SAS
11 1 (0.19%) SharePoint 2013
Business Applications
1 8 (1.55%) thinkFolio
2 2 (0.39%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 286 (55.32%) AWS
2 188 (36.36%) Azure
3 101 (19.54%) GCP
4 100 (19.34%) AWS CloudFormation
5 66 (12.77%) PaaS
6 45 (8.70%) Serverless
7 44 (8.51%) GitHub
8 42 (8.12%) IaaS
9 38 (7.35%) Amazon S3
10 37 (7.16%) Amazon EC2
11 36 (6.96%) AWS Lambda
12 35 (6.77%) OpenShift
13 33 (6.38%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 28 (5.42%) Datadog
15 23 (4.45%) Route 53
16 14 (2.71%) AWS CodePipeline
16 14 (2.71%) Cloud Computing
16 14 (2.71%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 12 (2.32%) Azure Active Directory
18 9 (1.74%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 32 (6.19%) Firewall
2 23 (4.45%) DNS
2 23 (4.45%) VPN
3 18 (3.48%) TCP/IP
4 10 (1.93%) SSL
5 9 (1.74%) HTTP
6 8 (1.55%) DHCP
7 5 (0.97%) Intrusion Detection
7 5 (0.97%) NAS
7 5 (0.97%) SAN
7 5 (0.97%) WAN
8 3 (0.58%) Internet
8 3 (0.58%) Network Security
9 2 (0.39%) DSL
9 2 (0.39%) LAN
9 2 (0.39%) Reverse Proxy
9 2 (0.39%) SMTP
9 2 (0.39%) Software-Defined Networking
9 2 (0.39%) VSAN
10 1 (0.19%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (9.28%) Big Data
2 22 (4.26%) Amazon RDS
3 21 (4.06%) SQL Server
4 20 (3.87%) NoSQL
4 20 (3.87%) Redis
5 16 (3.09%) Relational Database
6 14 (2.71%) Data Warehouse
6 14 (2.71%) MySQL
7 11 (2.13%) Parquet
8 10 (1.93%) Apache Cassandra
8 10 (1.93%) Hadoop
9 9 (1.74%) Cosmos DB
9 9 (1.74%) Data Lake
9 9 (1.74%) PostgreSQL
10 8 (1.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 8 (1.55%) Amazon Redshift
11 7 (1.35%) Azure SQL Database
11 7 (1.35%) BigQuery
11 7 (1.35%) InfluxDB
12 4 (0.77%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 163 (31.53%) Jenkins
2 107 (20.70%) Git (software)
3 56 (10.83%) JIRA
4 30 (5.80%) Sonatype Nexus
5 24 (4.64%) CircleCI
5 24 (4.64%) Visual Studio Team System
6 21 (4.06%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 20 (3.87%) Bitbucket
8 18 (3.48%) GitLab
9 17 (3.29%) Team Foundation Server
10 12 (2.32%) SonarQube
11 9 (1.74%) Bitbucket Server
11 9 (1.74%) Subversion
12 7 (1.35%) JUnit
12 7 (1.35%) Maven
12 7 (1.35%) Vagrant
13 6 (1.16%) Octopus Deploy
14 5 (0.97%) Selenium
15 4 (0.77%) Cucumber
15 4 (0.77%) TeamCity
General
1 110 (21.28%) Finance
2 36 (6.96%) Banking
3 21 (4.06%) Public Sector
4 13 (2.51%) Law
4 13 (2.51%) Legal
5 7 (1.35%) Publishing
6 6 (1.16%) Investment Banking
6 6 (1.16%) Retail
7 4 (0.77%) Billing
7 4 (0.77%) Financial Institution
8 2 (0.39%) Automotive
8 2 (0.39%) Games
8 2 (0.39%) Marketing
8 2 (0.39%) Retail Banking
8 2 (0.39%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.19%) Advertising
9 1 (0.19%) Corporate Banking
9 1 (0.19%) Electronics
9 1 (0.19%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.19%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 280 (54.16%) DevOps Engineer
2 90 (17.41%) AWS Engineer
3 72 (13.93%) AWS DevOps
4 70 (13.54%) Cloud Engineer
5 68 (13.15%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 53 (10.25%) Azure Engineer
7 51 (9.86%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 50 (9.67%) Architect
9 45 (8.70%) Azure DevOps
10 39 (7.54%) Senior DevOps
11 38 (7.35%) Developer
12 36 (6.96%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 32 (6.19%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 24 (4.64%) Python Engineer
15 21 (4.06%) Azure Architect
16 20 (3.87%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 19 (3.68%) Platform Engineer
18 17 (3.29%) Lead DevOps
18 17 (3.29%) Linux/Unix DevOps
19 15 (2.90%) Lead Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (8.70%) Web Services
2 38 (7.35%) Node.js
3 33 (6.38%) Kafka
4 21 (4.06%) JSON
5 19 (3.68%) .NET
5 19 (3.68%) REST
6 14 (2.71%) Swagger
7 13 (2.51%) Elastic Stack
7 13 (2.51%) Vue.js
8 12 (2.32%) Pandas
9 11 (2.13%) Django
9 11 (2.13%) Flask
9 11 (2.13%) NumPy
9 11 (2.13%) scikit-learn
9 11 (2.13%) SQLAlchemy
10 10 (1.93%) AngularJS
11 9 (1.74%) GraphQL
11 9 (1.74%) React
11 9 (1.74%) RESTful
11 9 (1.74%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 39 (7.54%) Data Centre
2 30 (5.80%) Linux Command Line
3 29 (5.61%) Greenfield Project
4 25 (4.84%) Public Cloud
5 22 (4.26%) Cloud Native
6 15 (2.90%) Derivative
6 15 (2.90%) Hybrid Cloud
7 13 (2.51%) Mobile App
8 12 (2.32%) Replication
8 12 (2.32%) Self-Motivation
9 11 (2.13%) Clustering
10 10 (1.93%) Analytical Skills
11 9 (1.74%) Enterprise Storage
11 9 (1.74%) Equities
11 9 (1.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 8 (1.55%) Fixed Income
12 8 (1.55%) Virtual Team
12 8 (1.55%) Wiki
13 6 (1.16%) Data Structures
14 3 (0.58%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 163 (31.53%) Linux
2 54 (10.44%) Windows
3 53 (10.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 26 (5.03%) Unix
5 22 (4.26%) Windows Server
6 13 (2.51%) Windows Server 2008
7 10 (1.93%) Android
8 9 (1.74%) Apple iOS
8 9 (1.74%) CentOS
9 8 (1.55%) Debian
9 8 (1.55%) Solaris
10 5 (0.97%) Windows Server 2012
11 4 (0.77%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.58%) DC/OS
13 2 (0.39%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 2 (0.39%) Windows Server 2003
14 1 (0.19%) Mesosphere
14 1 (0.19%) VMS
14 1 (0.19%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 430 (83.17%) DevOps
2 238 (46.03%) Agile Software Development
3 141 (27.27%) Continuous Integration
4 123 (23.79%) Configuration Management
5 94 (18.18%) Microservices
6 83 (16.05%) Migration
7 61 (11.80%) Kanban
8 58 (11.22%) Scrum
9 54 (10.44%) Continuous Delivery
10 49 (9.48%) Test Automation
11 46 (8.90%) TDD
12 44 (8.51%) High Availability
13 41 (7.93%) DevSecOps
14 38 (7.35%) Analytics
15 37 (7.16%) Open Source
15 37 (7.16%) Problem-Solving
16 32 (6.19%) Software Engineering
17 28 (5.42%) ITIL
18 25 (4.84%) Pair Programming
19 24 (4.64%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 224 (43.33%) Python
2 94 (18.18%) Java
3 87 (16.83%) Bash Shell
4 83 (16.05%) Ruby
5 65 (12.57%) PowerShell
6 63 (12.19%) JavaScript
7 60 (11.61%) Go
8 45 (8.70%) SQL
9 41 (7.93%) Shell Script
10 22 (4.26%) Perl
11 21 (4.06%) Scala
12 19 (3.68%) Groovy
13 10 (1.93%) C#
14 7 (1.35%) PHP
14 7 (1.35%) TypeScript
15 3 (0.58%) C
16 2 (0.39%) C++
17 1 (0.19%) Clojure
17 1 (0.19%) ClojureScript
17 1 (0.19%) VBA
Qualifications
1 102 (19.73%) Security Cleared
2 77 (14.89%) SC Cleared
3 30 (5.80%) Degree
4 21 (4.06%) Microsoft Certification
5 20 (3.87%) AWS Certification
6 10 (1.93%) MCSA
7 7 (1.35%) DBS Check
8 6 (1.16%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (0.97%) Computer Science Degree
9 5 (0.97%) RHCE
10 3 (0.58%) CCNA
10 3 (0.58%) Cisco Certification
10 3 (0.58%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.39%) ITIL Certification
11 2 (0.39%) MCTS
11 2 (0.39%) OCPJP
11 2 (0.39%) RHCSA
11 2 (0.39%) VCP6
11 2 (0.39%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 1 (0.19%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (0.77%) NIST
2 3 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 3 (0.58%) QA
3 2 (0.39%) GDPR
3 2 (0.39%) HIPAA
3 2 (0.39%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 2 (0.39%) SLA
4 1 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 1 (0.19%) NIST 800
4 1 (0.19%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 193 (37.33%) Docker
2 20 (3.87%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (3.29%) Active Directory
4 13 (2.51%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (1.74%) Hyper-V
6 5 (0.97%) vSphere
7 3 (0.58%) VMware NSX
8 2 (0.39%) DFS Replication
8 2 (0.39%) NFS
8 2 (0.39%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 2 (0.39%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 2 (0.39%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.19%) Corosync
Systems Management
1 366 (70.79%) Terraform
2 238 (46.03%) Kubernetes
3 214 (41.39%) Ansible
4 122 (23.60%) Opscode Chef
5 101 (19.54%) Puppet
6 30 (5.80%) Prometheus
7 26 (5.03%) Packer
8 18 (3.48%) Grafana
9 17 (3.29%) Kibana
9 17 (3.29%) Salt
10 16 (3.09%) Consul
11 10 (1.93%) Docker Swarm
11 10 (1.93%) Graphite
11 10 (1.93%) ZABBIX
12 8 (1.55%) logstash
13 6 (1.16%) Cobbler
13 6 (1.16%) Istio
13 6 (1.16%) Red Hat Satellite
14 4 (0.77%) SCCM
15 3 (0.58%) SCOM
Vendors
1 60 (11.61%) Google
1 60 (11.61%) Microsoft
2 56 (10.83%) Red Hat
3 20 (3.87%) VMware
4 16 (3.09%) Oracle
5 10 (1.93%) Databricks
6 9 (1.74%) Splunk
7 8 (1.55%) Charles River
7 8 (1.55%) HP
7 8 (1.55%) IBM
8 7 (1.35%) Lets Encrypt
8 7 (1.35%) ServiceNow
8 7 (1.35%) TOWER Software
9 6 (1.16%) EMC
9 6 (1.16%) SaltStack
10 5 (0.97%) Citrix
10 5 (0.97%) Palo Alto
10 5 (0.97%) TIBCO
11 4 (0.77%) SAP
12 3 (0.58%) Informatica