Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 12 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC, Infra as Code)
England > London
6 months to
12 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 104 103 152
Rank change year-on-year -1 +49 +46
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 988 826 280
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.47% 2.66% 1.86%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.70% 2.90% 2.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 720 588 206
10th Percentile £475 £438 £431
25th Percentile £525 £500 £488
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £611 £563 £550
Median % change year-on-year +8.67% +2.27% -4.35%
75th Percentile £700 £650 £638
90th Percentile £788 £738 £719
England median daily rate £600 £550 £532
% change year-on-year +9.09% +3.33% -3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 0
10th Percentile - £64.10 -
25th Percentile £66.25 £69.13 -
Median hourly rate £74.50 £80.00 -
Median % change year-on-year -6.88% - -
75th Percentile £83.44 £92.63 -
90th Percentile £91.88 £98.70 -
England median hourly rate £76.50 £60.75 -
% change year-on-year +25.93% - -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 36,644 28,463 13,569
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.56% 91.58% 90.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,687 20,365 9,700
10th Percentile £400 £363 £325
25th Percentile £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +1.65%
75th Percentile £700 £645 £625
90th Percentile £788 £725 £714
England median daily rate £550 £500 £488
% change year-on-year +10.00% +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 325 274 155
10th Percentile £17.18 £15.00 £15.00
25th Percentile £23.91 £20.54 £20.50
Median hourly rate £37.50 £32.85 £35.50
Median % change year-on-year +14.16% -7.46% +61.36%
75th Percentile £57.50 £51.00 £47.75
90th Percentile £72.50 £66.68 £60.60
England median hourly rate £31.00 £23.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +34.78% -8.00% +8.70%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London.

Hourly rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the London region over the 6 months to 12 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +47 154 £625 +8.93% 97
South London -21 20 £675 +24.14% 11
West London -11 6 £550 -0.90% 20
North London - 1 £650 - 2
Infrastructure as Code
England

For the 6 months to 12 August 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 739 (74.80%) Terraform
2 696 (70.45%) DevOps
3 603 (61.03%) CI/CD
4 492 (49.80%) AWS
5 468 (47.37%) Azure
6 394 (39.88%) Python
7 367 (37.15%) Agile
8 346 (35.02%) Kubernetes
9 332 (33.60%) Docker
10 265 (26.82%) Finance
11 262 (26.52%) Ansible
12 259 (26.21%) Jenkins
13 237 (23.99%) Linux
14 218 (22.06%) PowerShell
15 208 (21.05%) Serverless
16 190 (19.23%) Azure DevOps
17 167 (16.90%) Security Cleared
18 161 (16.30%) Microsoft
19 158 (15.99%) Java
20 153 (15.49%) SC Cleared
20 153 (15.49%) Test Automation
21 151 (15.28%) Git (software)
22 149 (15.08%) GitHub
22 149 (15.08%) Containerisation
23 145 (14.68%) AWS CloudFormation
24 144 (14.57%) Social Skills
25 137 (13.87%) JavaScript
26 136 (13.77%) Windows
27 134 (13.56%) Continuous Integration
28 132 (13.36%) Bash

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (3.85%) Confluence
2 32 (3.24%) SharePoint
3 30 (3.04%) Cloud Foundry
4 18 (1.82%) Apache Spark
4 18 (1.82%) nginx
5 17 (1.72%) Apache
6 12 (1.21%) Apache Airflow
7 10 (1.01%) CMS
8 7 (0.71%) OpenStack
9 6 (0.61%) Sitecore CMS
10 5 (0.51%) Apache Solr
11 4 (0.40%) GeoServer
11 4 (0.40%) IIS
12 3 (0.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 2 (0.20%) GlassFish
13 2 (0.20%) NServiceBus
13 2 (0.20%) Tomcat
14 1 (0.10%) DataSynapse
14 1 (0.10%) Mule
14 1 (0.10%) WordPress
Applications
1 15 (1.52%) Microsoft Excel
1 15 (1.52%) MS Visio
2 14 (1.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 6 (0.61%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.20%) R3 Corda
2 2 (0.20%) Shopify
2 2 (0.20%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 492 (49.80%) AWS
2 468 (47.37%) Azure
3 208 (21.05%) Serverless
4 190 (19.23%) Azure DevOps
5 149 (15.08%) GitHub
6 145 (14.68%) AWS CloudFormation
7 131 (13.26%) AWS Lambda
8 127 (12.85%) GCP
9 114 (11.54%) PaaS
10 101 (10.22%) Amazon EC2
11 93 (9.41%) IaaS
12 78 (7.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 59 (5.97%) Amazon S3
14 56 (5.67%) Amazon EKS
15 55 (5.57%) Amazon ECS
16 53 (5.36%) Datadog
17 52 (5.26%) Microsoft 365
18 50 (5.06%) SaaS
19 47 (4.76%) GitHub Actions
20 45 (4.55%) Azure AKS
Communications & Networking
1 76 (7.69%) DNS
2 49 (4.96%) Firewall
3 38 (3.85%) DHCP
4 20 (2.02%) VPN
5 19 (1.92%) HTTPS
6 17 (1.72%) TCP/IP
6 17 (1.72%) WAN
7 16 (1.62%) SSL
8 15 (1.52%) VLAN
9 13 (1.32%) tcpdump
10 12 (1.21%) Network Security
10 12 (1.21%) SD-WAN
11 10 (1.01%) Cisco ASA
11 10 (1.01%) HTTP
12 7 (0.71%) Internet
13 6 (0.61%) Kerberos
13 6 (0.61%) NAS
13 6 (0.61%) SAN
14 5 (0.51%) BGP
14 5 (0.51%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 64 (6.48%) Amazon RDS
2 60 (6.07%) SQL Server
3 48 (4.86%) PostgreSQL
4 42 (4.25%) NoSQL
5 32 (3.24%) DynamoDB
6 31 (3.14%) MongoDB
7 28 (2.83%) Relational Database
8 24 (2.43%) Data Lake
9 22 (2.23%) Amazon Athena
10 21 (2.13%) Big Data
11 19 (1.92%) Azure SQL Database
11 19 (1.92%) Data Warehouse
12 18 (1.82%) MySQL
13 17 (1.72%) Amazon Redshift
13 17 (1.72%) Elasticsearch
13 17 (1.72%) Power BI
14 16 (1.62%) RDBMS
15 14 (1.42%) Hadoop
16 12 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
17 10 (1.01%) GIS
Development Applications
1 259 (26.21%) Jenkins
2 151 (15.28%) Git (software)
3 125 (12.65%) GitLab
4 91 (9.21%) JIRA
5 44 (4.45%) TeamCity
6 40 (4.05%) CircleCI
7 28 (2.83%) SonarQube
8 22 (2.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 20 (2.02%) Maven
10 17 (1.72%) Visual Studio
11 16 (1.62%) Bitbucket
11 16 (1.62%) Sonatype Nexus
12 15 (1.52%) Artifactory
12 15 (1.52%) CF BOSH
12 15 (1.52%) git-flow
12 15 (1.52%) Octopus Deploy
13 13 (1.32%) Selenium
14 12 (1.21%) Gradle
15 10 (1.01%) Subversion
16 9 (0.91%) Cucumber
General
1 265 (26.82%) Finance
2 144 (14.57%) Social Skills
3 95 (9.62%) Public Sector
4 94 (9.51%) Banking
5 84 (8.50%) Analytical Skills
6 22 (2.23%) Legal
6 22 (2.23%) Retail
7 21 (2.13%) Financial Institution
8 20 (2.02%) Telecoms
9 16 (1.62%) Marketing
10 13 (1.32%) Manufacturing
11 12 (1.21%) Documentation Skills
12 11 (1.11%) Electronics
12 11 (1.11%) Influencing Skills
13 9 (0.91%) Presentation Skills
14 8 (0.81%) Tech for Good
15 5 (0.51%) Investment Banking
16 4 (0.40%) German Language
16 4 (0.40%) Law
16 4 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 388 (39.27%) DevOps Engineer
2 167 (16.90%) AWS Engineer
3 141 (14.27%) AWS DevOps
4 128 (12.96%) Cloud Engineer
5 126 (12.75%) Azure Engineer
6 122 (12.35%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 104 (10.53%) Architect
8 91 (9.21%) Developer
9 79 (8.00%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 72 (7.29%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 62 (6.28%) Site Reliability Engineer
12 50 (5.06%) Site Engineer
13 49 (4.96%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 38 (3.85%) Lead DevOps
15 37 (3.74%) Senior DevOps
16 31 (3.14%) Data Engineer
16 31 (3.14%) Senior DevOps Engineer
17 27 (2.73%) Lead DevOps Engineer
18 25 (2.53%) Cloud Architect
18 25 (2.53%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 65 (6.58%) .NET
2 61 (6.17%) Node.js
3 57 (5.77%) Kafka
4 48 (4.86%) React
5 42 (4.25%) ARM Templates
6 38 (3.85%) HTML
7 36 (3.64%) CSS
8 34 (3.44%) YAML
9 33 (3.34%) Elastic Stack
9 33 (3.34%) REST
10 28 (2.83%) .NET Core
11 26 (2.63%) ASP.NET
12 25 (2.53%) Spring
13 23 (2.33%) RESTful
14 18 (1.82%) AngularJS
14 18 (1.82%) JSON
14 18 (1.82%) Spring Boot
15 16 (1.62%) Vue.js
16 15 (1.52%) Ajax
16 15 (1.52%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 89 (9.01%) Public Cloud
2 85 (8.60%) Cloud Native
3 48 (4.86%) Greenfield Project
4 42 (4.25%) Hybrid Cloud
5 36 (3.64%) Enterprise Software
6 31 (3.14%) Linux Command Line
7 30 (3.04%) Data Centre
8 23 (2.33%) PKI
9 22 (2.23%) Data Protection Act
10 20 (2.02%) Replication
11 16 (1.62%) Private Cloud
12 15 (1.52%) Hedge funds
12 15 (1.52%) Management Information System
13 13 (1.32%) Legacy Systems
14 12 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
15 11 (1.11%) Mobile App
15 11 (1.11%) User Experience
16 8 (0.81%) Clustering
17 7 (0.71%) Blockchain
17 7 (0.71%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 237 (23.99%) Linux
2 136 (13.77%) Windows
3 62 (6.28%) Unix
4 35 (3.54%) Windows Server
5 27 (2.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 15 (1.52%) VMS
7 14 (1.42%) Windows 10
8 10 (1.01%) Ubuntu
8 10 (1.01%) Windows Server 2019
9 8 (0.81%) Android
9 8 (0.81%) CentOS
10 7 (0.71%) Apple iOS
11 6 (0.61%) Windows Server 2016
12 3 (0.30%) Oracle Linux
13 2 (0.20%) Alpine Linux
13 2 (0.20%) Amazon Linux
13 2 (0.20%) Debian
14 1 (0.10%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 696 (70.45%) DevOps
2 603 (61.03%) CI/CD
3 367 (37.15%) Agile
4 153 (15.49%) Test Automation
5 149 (15.08%) Containerisation
6 134 (13.56%) Continuous Integration
7 109 (11.03%) Site Reliability Engineering
8 106 (10.73%) Continuous Delivery
8 106 (10.73%) Software Engineering
9 101 (10.22%) Migration
10 99 (10.02%) Configuration Management
11 89 (9.01%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 87 (8.81%) Microservices
12 87 (8.81%) Problem-Solving
12 87 (8.81%) Scrum
13 73 (7.39%) TDD
14 71 (7.19%) Analytics
15 68 (6.88%) Deployment Automation
16 63 (6.38%) Platform Engineering
17 58 (5.87%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 394 (39.88%) Python
2 218 (22.06%) PowerShell
3 158 (15.99%) Java
4 137 (13.87%) JavaScript
5 132 (13.36%) Bash
6 120 (12.15%) SQL
7 108 (10.93%) Go
8 92 (9.31%) Ruby
9 76 (7.69%) C#
10 35 (3.54%) Shell Script
11 29 (2.94%) TypeScript
12 17 (1.72%) Groovy
12 17 (1.72%) Perl
13 16 (1.62%) C
13 16 (1.62%) C++
13 16 (1.62%) Scala
14 12 (1.21%) Bicep
15 8 (0.81%) ES7
16 6 (0.61%) Kotlin
17 3 (0.30%) Rust
Qualifications
1 167 (16.90%) Security Cleared
2 153 (15.49%) SC Cleared
3 44 (4.45%) Degree
4 25 (2.53%) AWS Certification
5 12 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
6 11 (1.11%) Microsoft Certification
7 9 (0.91%) CISSP
7 9 (0.91%) MCSE
8 6 (0.61%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.51%) DV Cleared
10 4 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.40%) TOGAF Certification
11 3 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
11 3 (0.30%) OCP
11 3 (0.30%) Oracle Certification
12 2 (0.20%) CCA
12 2 (0.20%) CCNP
12 2 (0.20%) CISM
12 2 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
12 2 (0.20%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (2.63%) QA
2 15 (1.52%) GDPR
3 7 (0.71%) SLA
4 5 (0.51%) Accessibility
5 4 (0.40%) NIST
6 3 (0.30%) NCSC
7 2 (0.20%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.20%) GLBA
7 2 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.20%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.20%) WCAG
8 1 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.10%) GRC
System Software
1 332 (33.60%) Docker
2 56 (5.67%) Active Directory
3 39 (3.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (2.83%) Virtual Machines
5 15 (1.52%) vSphere
6 11 (1.11%) Hyper-V
7 8 (0.81%) Ceph
7 8 (0.81%) KVM
7 8 (0.81%) oVirt
7 8 (0.81%) VMware ESXi
8 6 (0.61%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 6 (0.61%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 5 (0.51%) VirtualBox
10 4 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.30%) NFS
11 3 (0.30%) Virtual Servers
12 2 (0.20%) BitLocker
12 2 (0.20%) VMware NSX
13 1 (0.10%) LXC
13 1 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 739 (74.80%) Terraform
2 346 (35.02%) Kubernetes
3 262 (26.52%) Ansible
4 84 (8.50%) Puppet
5 53 (5.36%) Opscode Chef
6 39 (3.95%) Grafana
7 33 (3.34%) Prometheus
8 29 (2.94%) Microsoft Intune
9 25 (2.53%) Packer
10 22 (2.23%) Single Sign-On
11 19 (1.92%) SCCM
12 17 (1.72%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 12 (1.21%) Istio
14 9 (0.91%) Salt
15 7 (0.71%) Kibana
15 7 (0.71%) vRealize
16 6 (0.61%) logstash
16 6 (0.61%) Nagios
16 6 (0.61%) ZABBIX
17 4 (0.40%) Icinga
Vendors
1 161 (16.30%) Microsoft
2 58 (5.87%) VMware
3 54 (5.47%) Google
4 36 (3.64%) Splunk
5 32 (3.24%) Red Hat
6 29 (2.94%) Oracle
7 27 (2.73%) Cisco
8 21 (2.13%) Zscaler
9 20 (2.02%) SAP
10 16 (1.62%) Atlassian
11 15 (1.52%) Citrix
11 15 (1.52%) Databricks
12 13 (1.32%) Dell
12 13 (1.32%) NetApp
12 13 (1.32%) ServiceNow
13 12 (1.21%) New Relic
14 11 (1.11%) PagerDuty
15 9 (0.91%) IBM
15 9 (0.91%) Palo Alto
16 8 (0.81%) ESRI