Period
to 21 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC, Infra as Code)
England > London
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 80 147 164
Rank change year-on-year +67 +17 +81
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,205 352 491
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.22% 2.00% 1.62%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.52% 2.23% 1.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 868 258 358
10th Percentile £450 £431 £473
25th Percentile £513 £475 £525
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £538 £600
Median % change year-on-year +11.63% -10.42% +9.09%
75th Percentile £698 £613 £662
90th Percentile £788 £700 £725
England median daily rate £575 £525 £575
% change year-on-year +9.52% -8.70% +4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile - - -
Median hourly rate £35.00 - -
75th Percentile £48.25 - -
90th Percentile £56.20 - -
England median hourly rate £55.00 £37.25 £48.50
% change year-on-year +47.65% -23.20% -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 34,227 15,762 26,875
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.47% 89.42% 88.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,978 11,410 19,576
10th Percentile £381 £325 £319
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £563 £500 £513
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% -2.44% +0.49%
75th Percentile £675 £601 £600
90th Percentile £750 £700 £688
England median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 349 143 325
10th Percentile £16.39 £17.01 £12.44
25th Percentile £21.50 £24.06 £16.63
Median hourly rate £37.80 £32.50 £23.00
Median % change year-on-year +16.31% +41.30% +5.70%
75th Percentile £53.75 £50.94 £46.50
90th Percentile £65.00 £64.80 £53.28
England median hourly rate £25.40 £26.96 £20.50
% change year-on-year -5.80% +31.51% -5.79%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London.

Hourly rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in London

Infrastructure as Code
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +34 155 £600 +11.11% 123
South London -4 17 £475 -5.94% 6
West London -18 11 £608 +13.02% 24
East London - 2 £450 - 21
Infrastructure as Code
England

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 878 (72.86%) Terraform
2 815 (67.63%) DevOps
3 701 (58.17%) CI/CD
4 675 (56.02%) AWS
5 592 (49.13%) Azure
6 439 (36.43%) Kubernetes
7 437 (36.27%) Docker
8 422 (35.02%) Python
9 396 (32.86%) Agile Software Development
10 335 (27.80%) Jenkins
11 312 (25.89%) Linux
12 300 (24.90%) AWS CloudFormation
13 283 (23.49%) Ansible
14 260 (21.58%) Microsoft
15 238 (19.75%) Serverless
16 233 (19.34%) Finance
17 230 (19.09%) GitHub
18 225 (18.67%) Bash
19 216 (17.93%) Java
20 214 (17.76%) PowerShell
21 200 (16.60%) PaaS
22 195 (16.18%) GCP
23 183 (15.19%) Social Skills
24 156 (12.95%) Windows
25 155 (12.86%) Git (software)
26 152 (12.61%) IaaS
27 149 (12.37%) Migration
28 135 (11.20%) Microservices
29 127 (10.54%) Open Source
30 125 (10.37%) Site Reliability Engineering

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (4.48%) Confluence
2 45 (3.73%) Elasticsearch
3 39 (3.24%) Apache Spark
4 24 (1.99%) Apache Airflow
5 21 (1.74%) nginx
6 19 (1.58%) Apache
7 12 (1.00%) Cloud Foundry
8 8 (0.66%) Jupyter
9 7 (0.58%) IIS
9 7 (0.58%) NServiceBus
10 6 (0.50%) JBoss
10 6 (0.50%) Tomcat
11 5 (0.41%) SharePoint
11 5 (0.41%) WebLogic
12 4 (0.33%) Mattermost
12 4 (0.33%) OpenStack
13 3 (0.25%) WebSphere
14 2 (0.17%) Apache Pig
14 2 (0.17%) Apache Solr
14 2 (0.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 10 (0.83%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.083%) Adobe Campaign
3 1 (0.083%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.083%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 675 (56.02%) AWS
2 592 (49.13%) Azure
3 300 (24.90%) AWS CloudFormation
4 238 (19.75%) Serverless
5 230 (19.09%) GitHub
6 200 (16.60%) PaaS
7 195 (16.18%) GCP
8 152 (12.61%) IaaS
9 109 (9.05%) AWS Lambda
10 91 (7.55%) SaaS
11 84 (6.97%) Amazon ECS
12 76 (6.31%) Amazon EC2
13 73 (6.06%) Amazon S3
14 64 (5.31%) Amazon EKS
15 61 (5.06%) GitHub Actions
16 48 (3.98%) AWS CodePipeline
16 48 (3.98%) Cloud Computing
17 47 (3.90%) AWS Fargate
18 45 (3.73%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 41 (3.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 55 (4.56%) Network Security
2 42 (3.49%) DNS
3 33 (2.74%) Firewall
4 32 (2.66%) VPN
5 17 (1.41%) TCP/IP
6 14 (1.16%) WAN
7 12 (1.00%) SSL
8 10 (0.83%) BGP
8 10 (0.83%) Internet
9 9 (0.75%) OSPF
10 8 (0.66%) Kerberos
10 8 (0.66%) Reverse Proxy
10 8 (0.66%) SD-WAN
11 7 (0.58%) HTTP
11 7 (0.58%) HTTPS
12 5 (0.41%) DHCP
12 5 (0.41%) SSH
13 4 (0.33%) IPsec
13 4 (0.33%) OpenLDAP
13 4 (0.33%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 64 (5.31%) Big Data
2 57 (4.73%) Amazon RDS
3 48 (3.98%) Data Lake
4 38 (3.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 37 (3.07%) NoSQL
5 37 (3.07%) PostgreSQL
6 34 (2.82%) Data Warehouse
7 30 (2.49%) SQL Server
8 29 (2.41%) MongoDB
9 26 (2.16%) Amazon Athena
10 24 (1.99%) Relational Database
11 22 (1.83%) Amazon Redshift
12 20 (1.66%) Tableau
13 18 (1.49%) Apache Cassandra
14 15 (1.24%) Redis
15 14 (1.16%) Hadoop
15 14 (1.16%) MySQL
16 13 (1.08%) RDBMS
17 12 (1.00%) Delta Lake
18 11 (0.91%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 335 (27.80%) Jenkins
2 155 (12.86%) Git (software)
3 121 (10.04%) TeamCity
4 97 (8.05%) Maven
5 92 (7.63%) GitLab
5 92 (7.63%) Gradle
6 64 (5.31%) JIRA
7 44 (3.65%) CircleCI
8 38 (3.15%) Bitbucket
9 25 (2.07%) SonarQube
10 22 (1.83%) Sonatype Nexus
11 17 (1.41%) Locust
12 15 (1.24%) Subversion
13 14 (1.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 14 (1.16%) Cucumber
13 14 (1.16%) git-flow
13 14 (1.16%) GoCD
13 14 (1.16%) Selenium
14 10 (0.83%) Artifactory
14 10 (0.83%) MLflow
General
1 233 (19.34%) Finance
2 183 (15.19%) Social Skills
3 71 (5.89%) Public Sector
4 66 (5.48%) Banking
5 43 (3.57%) Analytical Skills
6 34 (2.82%) Financial Institution
7 33 (2.74%) Retail
8 32 (2.66%) Legal
9 30 (2.49%) Telecoms
10 25 (2.07%) Marketing
11 23 (1.91%) Presentation Skills
12 20 (1.66%) Manufacturing
13 19 (1.58%) Law
14 18 (1.49%) Documentation Skills
14 18 (1.49%) Electronics
15 17 (1.41%) Investment Banking
16 9 (0.75%) Games
17 8 (0.66%) Publishing
18 7 (0.58%) Influencing Skills
19 2 (0.17%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 339 (28.13%) DevOps Engineer
2 222 (18.42%) AWS Engineer
3 189 (15.68%) Cloud Engineer
4 177 (14.69%) Architect
4 177 (14.69%) Azure Engineer
5 107 (8.88%) AWS DevOps
6 92 (7.63%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 85 (7.05%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 85 (7.05%) Developer
8 81 (6.72%) Cloud Architect
9 73 (6.06%) Azure Architect
10 67 (5.56%) Site Reliability Engineer
11 62 (5.15%) Solutions Architect
12 59 (4.90%) Site Engineer
13 58 (4.81%) Platform Engineer
13 58 (4.81%) Senior DevOps
14 48 (3.98%) Azure DevOps
14 48 (3.98%) Data Engineer
15 43 (3.57%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 43 (3.57%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 87 (7.22%) Kafka
2 57 (4.73%) ARM Templates
3 45 (3.73%) Node.js
4 41 (3.40%) .NET
5 38 (3.15%) React
6 31 (2.57%) Elastic Stack
7 25 (2.07%) JSON
8 21 (1.74%) REST
8 21 (1.74%) YAML
9 20 (1.66%) Spring Boot
10 17 (1.41%) AngularJS
10 17 (1.41%) LDAP
10 17 (1.41%) WireMock
11 14 (1.16%) RabbitMQ
11 14 (1.16%) Spring
12 13 (1.08%) HTML
13 11 (0.91%) CSS
13 11 (0.91%) Pandas
14 10 (0.83%) OAuth
14 10 (0.83%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 121 (10.04%) Cloud Native
2 119 (9.88%) Public Cloud
3 45 (3.73%) Data Centre
4 37 (3.07%) Hybrid Cloud
5 25 (2.07%) Data Protection Act
5 25 (2.07%) Hedge funds
6 22 (1.83%) Greenfield Project
7 21 (1.74%) Linux Command Line
8 20 (1.66%) Enterprise Cloud
9 15 (1.24%) Virtual Team
10 14 (1.16%) PKI
11 13 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
12 12 (1.00%) Private Cloud
13 11 (0.91%) Management Information System
14 10 (0.83%) Legacy Applications
15 9 (0.75%) Algorithms
16 8 (0.66%) Social Media
17 7 (0.58%) Self-Motivation
17 7 (0.58%) User Experience
18 6 (0.50%) NVMe
Operating Systems
1 312 (25.89%) Linux
2 156 (12.95%) Windows
3 51 (4.23%) Unix
4 49 (4.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 29 (2.41%) CentOS
6 23 (1.91%) Windows Server
7 20 (1.66%) Ubuntu
8 11 (0.91%) Windows Server 2016
8 11 (0.91%) Windows Server 2019
9 9 (0.75%) Apple iOS
9 9 (0.75%) Oracle Linux
10 7 (0.58%) Amazon Linux
10 7 (0.58%) Android
11 6 (0.50%) VMS
12 5 (0.41%) Debian
12 5 (0.41%) Mac OS
13 4 (0.33%) SUSE
13 4 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
14 3 (0.25%) Solaris
14 3 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 815 (67.63%) DevOps
2 701 (58.17%) CI/CD
3 396 (32.86%) Agile Software Development
4 149 (12.37%) Migration
5 135 (11.20%) Microservices
6 127 (10.54%) Open Source
7 125 (10.37%) Site Reliability Engineering
8 118 (9.79%) Scrum
9 117 (9.71%) Configuration Management
10 116 (9.63%) Continuous Integration
11 84 (6.97%) Analytics
12 83 (6.89%) Software Engineering
13 81 (6.72%) Problem-Solving
14 78 (6.47%) Collaborative Working
15 77 (6.39%) Machine Learning
16 75 (6.22%) Continuous Delivery
17 70 (5.81%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 67 (5.56%) Test Automation
19 64 (5.31%) Kanban
20 63 (5.23%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 422 (35.02%) Python
2 225 (18.67%) Bash
3 216 (17.93%) Java
4 214 (17.76%) PowerShell
5 124 (10.29%) JavaScript
6 97 (8.05%) SQL
7 92 (7.63%) C#
8 70 (5.81%) Go
9 68 (5.64%) Ruby
10 26 (2.16%) Scala
10 26 (2.16%) Shell Script
11 22 (1.83%) C
11 22 (1.83%) Groovy
12 18 (1.49%) C++
13 16 (1.33%) Kotlin
13 16 (1.33%) TypeScript
14 7 (0.58%) Bicep
14 7 (0.58%) PHP
15 6 (0.50%) Apple Swift
15 6 (0.50%) Perl
Qualifications
1 93 (7.72%) Security Cleared
2 77 (6.39%) SC Cleared
3 71 (5.89%) AWS Certification
4 37 (3.07%) Degree
4 37 (3.07%) RHCE
5 20 (1.66%) Microsoft Certification
6 8 (0.66%) MCSE
7 7 (0.58%) Computer Science Degree
8 6 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.50%) CISSP
9 4 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
9 4 (0.33%) TOGAF Certification
10 2 (0.17%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 2 (0.17%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.17%) RHCSA
11 1 (0.083%) CCNA
11 1 (0.083%) CCSP
11 1 (0.083%) CompTIA Security+
11 1 (0.083%) DV Cleared
11 1 (0.083%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (3.82%) GDPR
2 15 (1.24%) SLA
3 13 (1.08%) QA
4 10 (0.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.66%) NIST
6 7 (0.58%) Accessibility
7 6 (0.50%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.41%) Data Quality
8 5 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 5 (0.41%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 4 (0.33%) COBIT
10 3 (0.25%) PMO
11 2 (0.17%) SOC 2
12 1 (0.083%) Disclosure Scotland
12 1 (0.083%) GRC
12 1 (0.083%) HIPAA
12 1 (0.083%) IFRS
12 1 (0.083%) IFRS 9
12 1 (0.083%) NCSC
12 1 (0.083%) SOC 1
System Software
1 437 (36.27%) Docker
2 59 (4.90%) Active Directory
3 29 (2.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (2.32%) Virtual Machines
5 10 (0.83%) NFS
6 9 (0.75%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (0.50%) vSphere
8 5 (0.41%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.41%) KVM
9 4 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 4 (0.33%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.17%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 2 (0.17%) HDFS
10 2 (0.17%) Squid
11 1 (0.083%) Ceph
11 1 (0.083%) LXC
11 1 (0.083%) Shibboleth
11 1 (0.083%) Veritas File System
11 1 (0.083%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 1 (0.083%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 878 (72.86%) Terraform
2 439 (36.43%) Kubernetes
3 283 (23.49%) Ansible
4 87 (7.22%) Puppet
5 63 (5.23%) Opscode Chef
6 56 (4.65%) Prometheus
7 44 (3.65%) Grafana
8 28 (2.32%) Packer
9 22 (1.83%) Istio
10 16 (1.33%) Nagios
11 15 (1.24%) Kibana
12 10 (0.83%) Docker Swarm
13 8 (0.66%) Microsoft Intune
13 8 (0.66%) Salt
14 7 (0.58%) Consul
14 7 (0.58%) ZABBIX
15 6 (0.50%) Active Directory Federation Services
15 6 (0.50%) Icinga
16 5 (0.41%) VxRail
17 4 (0.33%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 260 (21.58%) Microsoft
2 110 (9.13%) Google
3 72 (5.98%) Red Hat
4 63 (5.23%) Databricks
5 47 (3.90%) VMware
6 36 (2.99%) Oracle
7 26 (2.16%) Splunk
8 21 (1.74%) SAP
9 20 (1.66%) Atlassian
10 18 (1.49%) ServiceNow
11 13 (1.08%) Cisco
11 13 (1.08%) New Relic
12 11 (0.91%) Dell
13 9 (0.75%) NetApp
14 7 (0.58%) AppDynamics
14 7 (0.58%) SaltStack
15 6 (0.50%) IBM
15 6 (0.50%) SolarWinds
16 5 (0.41%) Cloudera
16 5 (0.41%) Palo Alto