Period
to 19 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 19 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 554 453 479
Rank change year-on-year -101 +26 +55
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 211 99 254
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.30% 0.29% 0.39%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.88% 1.61% 1.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 127 68 177
10th Percentile £309 £329 £313
25th Percentile £403 £350 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £425 £500
Median % change year-on-year +17.65% -15.00% +11.11%
75th Percentile £588 £488 £575
90th Percentile £688 £548 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £425 £500
% change year-on-year +17.65% -15.00% +8.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 1 6
10th Percentile £40.23 - £17.45
25th Percentile £41.32 £18.50 £25.31
Median hourly rate £57.28 £19.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +201.45% -60.00% +72.73%
75th Percentile £69.05 £19.50 £55.63
90th Percentile £73.85 - £58.13
UK median hourly rate £57.28 £32.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +78.98% -32.63% +72.73%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 11,224 6,163 13,549
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 16.08% 18.18% 20.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,852 4,001 8,706
10th Percentile £160 £163 £143
25th Percentile £313 £313 £250
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £495 £430 £413
Median % change year-on-year +15.12% +4.24% -2.94%
75th Percentile £600 £538 £525
90th Percentile £688 £615 £613
UK median daily rate £495 £430 £410
% change year-on-year +15.00% +4.88% -3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 600 358 1,006
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.17 £11.25
25th Percentile £14.54 £13.31 £14.00
Median hourly rate £20.00 £17.63 £17.12
Median % change year-on-year +13.48% +2.95% -0.75%
75th Percentile £48.57 £40.00 £23.50
90th Percentile £64.00 £53.75 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £17.63 £17.50
% change year-on-year +13.48% +0.71% +2.94%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu in England.

Daily rate trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ubuntu in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu in England.

Hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Ubuntu in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the England region over the 6 months to 19 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -126 103 £550 +24.29% 37
South West -11 38 £450 +28.57% 14
South East -91 19 £570 +47.10% 10
North of England -45 17 £400 +6.67% 12
East of England -33 11 £463 - 4
Midlands -61 10 £375 -3.23% 8
Yorkshire -34 9 £475 +40.74% 3
North West -42 7 £150 -62.50% 4
West Midlands -53 7 £350 -12.50% 7
East Midlands -33 2 £375 - 1
North East -3 1 £563 +32.35% 5
Ubuntu
UK

For the 6 months to 19 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 211 (100.00%) Linux
2 99 (46.92%) Windows
3 83 (39.34%) Python
3 83 (39.34%) Bash
4 75 (35.55%) AWS
5 70 (33.18%) Ansible
5 70 (33.18%) Kubernetes
6 67 (31.75%) CI/CD
7 66 (31.28%) Docker
8 62 (29.38%) CentOS
9 61 (28.91%) Java
10 55 (26.07%) Agile Software Development
10 55 (26.07%) DevOps
11 54 (25.59%) Windows Server
12 53 (25.12%) Terraform
13 52 (24.64%) Red Hat
14 51 (24.17%) Azure
15 50 (23.70%) Firewall
16 48 (22.75%) SQL
16 48 (22.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 47 (22.27%) Git (software)
17 47 (22.27%) VMware
18 45 (21.33%) DNS
19 41 (19.43%) MySQL
19 41 (19.43%) Security Cleared
19 41 (19.43%) Puppet
20 39 (18.48%) Social Skills
21 38 (18.01%) SC Cleared
21 38 (18.01%) Microsoft
22 36 (17.06%) Unix

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (12.80%) Apache
2 23 (10.90%) nginx
2 23 (10.90%) Tomcat
3 19 (9.00%) IIS
4 12 (5.69%) Confluence
5 11 (5.21%) JBoss
5 11 (5.21%) SharePoint
5 11 (5.21%) WebLogic
6 10 (4.74%) WebSphere
7 8 (3.79%) OpenStack
8 6 (2.84%) Skype for Business
9 5 (2.37%) Elasticsearch
10 4 (1.90%) MS Exchange
11 2 (0.95%) Apache Pig
11 2 (0.95%) GeoServer
11 2 (0.95%) Jetty
12 1 (0.47%) ArcGIS
12 1 (0.47%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 10 (4.74%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (2.37%) MS Visio
3 3 (1.42%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.95%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 3 (1.42%) Oracle Cash Management
2 1 (0.47%) Magento
2 1 (0.47%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 75 (35.55%) AWS
2 51 (24.17%) Azure
3 27 (12.80%) PaaS
4 21 (9.95%) IaaS
5 19 (9.00%) OpenShift
6 15 (7.11%) GCP
7 14 (6.64%) Amazon EC2
7 14 (6.64%) Amazon S3
8 13 (6.16%) Amazon ECS
8 13 (6.16%) AWS CloudFormation
9 12 (5.69%) Amazon EKS
9 12 (5.69%) Microsoft 365
10 10 (4.74%) Akamai
10 10 (4.74%) AWS Fargate
10 10 (4.74%) CloudFront
10 10 (4.74%) SaaS
11 9 (4.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 9 (4.27%) Amazon SQS
12 7 (3.32%) Cloud Computing
12 7 (3.32%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 50 (23.70%) Firewall
2 45 (21.33%) DNS
3 21 (9.95%) VPN
4 18 (8.53%) TCP/IP
5 17 (8.06%) HTTP
6 15 (7.11%) LAN
6 15 (7.11%) SSL
6 15 (7.11%) WAN
7 11 (5.21%) DHCP
8 8 (3.79%) Network Security
8 8 (3.79%) OpenLDAP
8 8 (3.79%) SNMP
9 7 (3.32%) VLAN
10 6 (2.84%) Ethernet
10 6 (2.84%) SAN
10 6 (2.84%) Skype
11 5 (2.37%) Wireless
12 4 (1.90%) Cisco IOS
12 4 (1.90%) IPsec
12 4 (1.90%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (19.43%) MySQL
2 27 (12.80%) PostgreSQL
3 25 (11.85%) NoSQL
4 19 (9.00%) SQL Server
5 18 (8.53%) MongoDB
6 9 (4.27%) Amazon Redshift
6 9 (4.27%) MariaDB
7 7 (3.32%) Redshift Spectrum
8 6 (2.84%) Hadoop
9 5 (2.37%) Couchbase
10 4 (1.90%) Riak
10 4 (1.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 3 (1.42%) MS Access
11 3 (1.42%) Oracle Database
11 3 (1.42%) Redis
12 2 (0.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 2 (0.95%) Amazon RDS
12 2 (0.95%) Apache Hive
12 2 (0.95%) Oracle Database 12c
12 2 (0.95%) Oracle Exadata
Development Applications
1 47 (22.27%) Git (software)
2 35 (16.59%) Jenkins
3 30 (14.22%) Bitbucket
4 29 (13.74%) GitLab
5 24 (11.37%) JIRA
6 22 (10.43%) Sonatype Nexus
7 18 (8.53%) TeamCity
8 16 (7.58%) Artifactory
8 16 (7.58%) Cucumber
9 13 (6.16%) Selenium
9 13 (6.16%) Zephyr
10 8 (3.79%) Burp Suite
10 8 (3.79%) Metasploit
11 7 (3.32%) GoCD
11 7 (3.32%) IBM UrbanCode
11 7 (3.32%) Octopus Deploy
12 6 (2.84%) SonarQube
13 5 (2.37%) git-flow
14 3 (1.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 3 (1.42%) Maven
General
1 39 (18.48%) Social Skills
2 26 (12.32%) Analytical Skills
3 19 (9.00%) Finance
4 15 (7.11%) Banking
4 15 (7.11%) Public Sector
5 6 (2.84%) Telecoms
6 4 (1.90%) Law
7 2 (0.95%) Games
7 2 (0.95%) Influencing Skills
7 2 (0.95%) Investment Banking
7 2 (0.95%) Marketing
7 2 (0.95%) Organisational Skills
8 1 (0.47%) Automotive
8 1 (0.47%) Electronics
8 1 (0.47%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.47%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 28 (13.27%) Administrator
2 26 (12.32%) Systems Administrator
3 22 (10.43%) DevOps Engineer
4 20 (9.48%) Linux Engineer
4 20 (9.48%) Platform Engineer
5 17 (8.06%) Linux Administrator
6 16 (7.58%) Linux Systems Administrator
7 14 (6.64%) Cloud Engineer
8 13 (6.16%) Architect
8 13 (6.16%) Site Reliability Engineer
9 10 (4.74%) Developer
10 9 (4.27%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 9 (4.27%) Support Engineer
10 9 (4.27%) Systems Engineer
11 7 (3.32%) Site Engineer
12 6 (2.84%) AWS Engineer
13 5 (2.37%) Infrastructure Architect
13 5 (2.37%) Migration Engineer
13 5 (2.37%) Network Engineer
13 5 (2.37%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 23 (10.90%) .NET
2 22 (10.43%) LAMP
3 15 (7.11%) Elastic Stack
3 15 (7.11%) Java SE
4 13 (6.16%) LDAP
5 11 (5.21%) JSON
6 9 (4.27%) REST
6 9 (4.27%) SOAP
7 7 (3.32%) LEMP Stack
7 7 (3.32%) Node.js
7 7 (3.32%) OAuth
7 7 (3.32%) XML
8 6 (2.84%) Web Services
9 5 (2.37%) CSS
9 5 (2.37%) HTML
9 5 (2.37%) Kafka
9 5 (2.37%) RabbitMQ
9 5 (2.37%) Spring
10 4 (1.90%) .NET Core
10 4 (1.90%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 20 (9.48%) Data Centre
2 17 (8.06%) Public Cloud
3 11 (5.21%) Clustering
4 8 (3.79%) Linux Command Line
4 8 (3.79%) Mobile App
4 8 (3.79%) Private Cloud
4 8 (3.79%) Video on Demand
5 6 (2.84%) Fibre Optics
5 6 (2.84%) Management Information System
6 5 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
7 4 (1.90%) Legacy Systems
8 3 (1.42%) Data Protection Act
8 3 (1.42%) Video\Live Streaming
8 3 (1.42%) Virtual Team
9 2 (0.95%) Digital Media
9 2 (0.95%) NHS
9 2 (0.95%) PKI
9 2 (0.95%) Replication
10 1 (0.47%) Enterprise Software
10 1 (0.47%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 211 (100.00%) Linux
2 99 (46.92%) Windows
3 62 (29.38%) CentOS
4 54 (25.59%) Windows Server
5 48 (22.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 36 (17.06%) Unix
7 25 (11.85%) Debian
8 21 (9.95%) Windows 10
9 15 (7.11%) Oracle Linux
10 12 (5.69%) Windows Server 2008
11 10 (4.74%) Windows Server 2016
12 9 (4.27%) Amazon Linux
12 9 (4.27%) Solaris
13 7 (3.32%) Mac OS
14 6 (2.84%) Mac OS X
14 6 (2.84%) Scientific Linux
15 5 (2.37%) Windows XP
16 4 (1.90%) SUSE
16 4 (1.90%) Windows Server 2012
17 3 (1.42%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 67 (31.75%) CI/CD
2 55 (26.07%) Agile Software Development
2 55 (26.07%) DevOps
3 27 (12.80%) Continuous Integration
4 26 (12.32%) Configuration Management
5 25 (11.85%) Problem-Solving
6 24 (11.37%) Migration
7 23 (10.90%) Infrastructure as Code
8 18 (8.53%) Information Security
8 18 (8.53%) Infrastructure Automation
8 18 (8.53%) ITIL
8 18 (8.53%) Waterfall
9 17 (8.06%) Analytics
9 17 (8.06%) Site Reliability Engineering
10 16 (7.58%) Project Delivery
11 15 (7.11%) Software Engineering
12 14 (6.64%) Continuous Delivery
13 13 (6.16%) Kanban
13 13 (6.16%) Open Source
14 12 (5.69%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 83 (39.34%) Bash
1 83 (39.34%) Python
2 61 (28.91%) Java
3 48 (22.75%) SQL
4 20 (9.48%) PowerShell
5 18 (8.53%) Perl
6 16 (7.58%) AWK
6 16 (7.58%) C
6 16 (7.58%) sed
7 14 (6.64%) C#
8 13 (6.16%) Go
9 12 (5.69%) Ruby
10 10 (4.74%) C++
10 10 (4.74%) Shell Script
11 8 (3.79%) JavaScript
11 8 (3.79%) PHP
12 4 (1.90%) Erlang
12 4 (1.90%) T-SQL
13 3 (1.42%) TypeScript
13 3 (1.42%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 41 (19.43%) Security Cleared
2 38 (18.01%) SC Cleared
3 21 (9.95%) RHCE
4 11 (5.21%) Degree
5 9 (4.27%) CCNA
5 9 (4.27%) Cisco Certification
5 9 (4.27%) DV Cleared
6 8 (3.79%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (3.79%) CREST Certified
6 8 (3.79%) SANS
7 6 (2.84%) CCDA
7 6 (2.84%) CCNP
7 6 (2.84%) JNCIA
7 6 (2.84%) JNCIP
7 6 (2.84%) JNCIS
8 5 (2.37%) Microsoft Certification
9 4 (1.90%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (1.90%) MCSE
10 2 (0.95%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.47%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (10.90%) NCSC
2 8 (3.79%) QA
3 7 (3.32%) JSP 440
4 5 (2.37%) SLA
5 4 (1.90%) HL7
5 4 (1.90%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 3 (1.42%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.95%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 1 (0.47%) Accessibility
8 1 (0.47%) GDPR
System Software
1 66 (31.28%) Docker
2 33 (15.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 30 (14.22%) Active Directory
4 11 (5.21%) VMware ESXi
5 10 (4.74%) NFS
6 9 (4.27%) vSphere
7 6 (2.84%) KVM
7 6 (2.84%) Postfix
7 6 (2.84%) Virtual Servers
7 6 (2.84%) VirtualBox
8 5 (2.37%) Hyper-V
9 4 (1.90%) vCloud
9 4 (1.90%) Xen
10 3 (1.42%) FreeRADIUS
10 3 (1.42%) Virtual Machines
11 2 (0.95%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 2 (0.95%) LXC
11 2 (0.95%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (0.95%) Virtual Desktop
12 1 (0.47%) Samba
Systems Management
1 70 (33.18%) Ansible
1 70 (33.18%) Kubernetes
2 53 (25.12%) Terraform
3 41 (19.43%) Puppet
4 31 (14.69%) Nagios
5 27 (12.80%) Prometheus
6 18 (8.53%) HAProxy
6 18 (8.53%) Icinga
6 18 (8.53%) ZABBIX
7 17 (8.06%) Grafana
8 12 (5.69%) Docker Swarm
9 11 (5.21%) Nessus
9 11 (5.21%) Packer
10 10 (4.74%) Consul
10 10 (4.74%) SCCM
11 8 (3.79%) yum
12 4 (1.90%) Fluentd
12 4 (1.90%) Jamf Pro
12 4 (1.90%) vCenter Server
13 3 (1.42%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 52 (24.64%) Red Hat
2 47 (22.27%) VMware
3 38 (18.01%) Microsoft
4 27 (12.80%) Oracle
5 23 (10.90%) Splunk
6 16 (7.58%) Dell
6 16 (7.58%) Micro Focus
7 15 (7.11%) Google
8 12 (5.69%) Cisco
9 10 (4.74%) New Relic
10 9 (4.27%) SolarWinds
11 8 (3.79%) Atlassian
11 8 (3.79%) Juniper
12 7 (3.32%) AppDynamics
12 7 (3.32%) Coverity
12 7 (3.32%) IBM
13 5 (2.37%) CyberArk
13 5 (2.37%) ServiceNow
14 4 (1.90%) CA
14 4 (1.90%) Dell KACE