Period
to 14 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 14 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK > England
6 months to
14 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 551 501 559
Rank change year-on-year -50 +58 -45
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 75 85 267
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.15% 0.22% 0.32%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.97% 1.10% 1.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 48 70 188
10th Percentile £389 £374 £263
25th Percentile £461 £419 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £475 £500
Median % change year-on-year +21.05% -5.00% -
75th Percentile £705 £542 £556
90th Percentile £738 £600 £648
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +2.63% -5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 4
10th Percentile " " "
25th Percentile £14.25 £20.77 £16.04
Median hourly rate £14.50 £22.29 £16.86
Median % change year-on-year -34.93% +32.18% -47.31%
75th Percentile £14.75 £23.80 £25.76
90th Percentile " " £40.31
UK median hourly rate £14.50 £22.29 £30.93
% change year-on-year -34.93% -27.95% -3.34%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 7,712 7,747 16,394
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.80% 19.94% 19.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,044 5,158 10,668
10th Percentile £185 £150 £160
25th Percentile £341 £300 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £427 £445
Median % change year-on-year +5.39% -4.04% +1.71%
75th Percentile £550 £538 £550
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £433
% change year-on-year +5.88% -1.85% +1.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 382 513 956
10th Percentile £11.99 £11.64 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.64 £13.71 £13.00
Median hourly rate £17.75 £17.50 £17.16
Median % change year-on-year +1.43% +2.01% -1.97%
75th Percentile £44.75 £22.25 £32.75
90th Percentile £60.00 £47.48 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year - +2.94% -

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu in England.

Daily rate trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ubuntu in England over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu in England.

Hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the England region over the 6 months to 14 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -78 41 £625 +38.89% 28
South East -4 11 £450 -7.69% 15
South West +12 8 £563 +12.50% 13
North of England +16 7 £463 -15.91% 15
Yorkshire +13 4 £488 - 6
East of England +1 3 £544 +3.57% 13
Midlands -11 3 - - 17
West Midlands -14 3 - - 12
North West +1 2 £108 -80.45% 5
North East - 1 £450 - 4
Ubuntu
UK

For the 6 months to 14 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 75 (100.00%) Linux
2 40 (53.33%) Python
3 36 (48.00%) CentOS
4 33 (44.00%) DevOps
5 30 (40.00%) AWS
6 26 (34.67%) Windows
6 26 (34.67%) Terraform
6 26 (34.67%) Ansible
7 25 (33.33%) Bash Shell
8 22 (29.33%) Docker
9 19 (25.33%) SQL
10 18 (24.00%) Red Hat
10 18 (24.00%) PowerShell
11 17 (22.67%) VMware
12 16 (21.33%) Firewall
12 16 (21.33%) Java
12 16 (21.33%) Kubernetes
13 15 (20.00%) Serverless
13 15 (20.00%) Active Directory
13 15 (20.00%) Azure
13 15 (20.00%) Git (software)
14 14 (18.67%) Security Cleared
14 14 (18.67%) Agile Software Development
15 13 (17.33%) JIRA
15 13 (17.33%) Jenkins
16 12 (16.00%) AWS Lambda
16 12 (16.00%) Continuous Integration
16 12 (16.00%) VMware Infrastructure
16 12 (16.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 12 (16.00%) Puppet

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (14.67%) Confluence
2 6 (8.00%) Apache
2 6 (8.00%) Tomcat
3 5 (6.67%) OpenStack
4 3 (4.00%) JBoss
5 2 (2.67%) Apache Pig
5 2 (2.67%) Elasticsearch
5 2 (2.67%) IIS
5 2 (2.67%) SharePoint
6 1 (1.33%) Apache Spark
6 1 (1.33%) Drupal
6 1 (1.33%) Jetty
6 1 (1.33%) nginx
6 1 (1.33%) Red Hat Fuse
6 1 (1.33%) uWSGI
Business Applications
1 1 (1.33%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 30 (40.00%) AWS
2 15 (20.00%) Azure
2 15 (20.00%) Serverless
3 12 (16.00%) AWS Lambda
4 6 (8.00%) IaaS
5 5 (6.67%) PaaS
6 4 (5.33%) AWS CloudFormation
6 4 (5.33%) Azure Active Directory
6 4 (5.33%) GCP
6 4 (5.33%) GitHub
7 3 (4.00%) Amazon ECS
7 3 (4.00%) Amazon EKS
7 3 (4.00%) AWS CodePipeline
8 2 (2.67%) Azure Cosmos DB
8 2 (2.67%) Azure Data Factory
8 2 (2.67%) Azure Functions
8 2 (2.67%) Azure Storage
8 2 (2.67%) Microsoft 365
8 2 (2.67%) SaaS
8 2 (2.67%) Tricentis Tosca
Communications & Networking
1 16 (21.33%) Firewall
2 6 (8.00%) VSAN
2 6 (8.00%) WAN
3 5 (6.67%) DNS
3 5 (6.67%) Ethernet
3 5 (6.67%) VLAN
4 4 (5.33%) HTTP
4 4 (5.33%) IPv4
4 4 (5.33%) LAN
4 4 (5.33%) TCP/IP
5 3 (4.00%) VPN
6 2 (2.67%) DHCP
6 2 (2.67%) DMZ
6 2 (2.67%) DWDM
6 2 (2.67%) Kerberos
6 2 (2.67%) Network Security
6 2 (2.67%) OSPF
6 2 (2.67%) SAN
6 2 (2.67%) SDH
6 2 (2.67%) SONET
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (12.00%) SQL Server
2 8 (10.67%) Hadoop
3 7 (9.33%) MySQL
3 7 (9.33%) PostgreSQL
4 6 (8.00%) Amazon Redshift
5 5 (6.67%) MongoDB
5 5 (6.67%) NoSQL
6 3 (4.00%) Amazon RDS
6 3 (4.00%) Azure SQL Database
7 2 (2.67%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
7 2 (2.67%) Big Data
7 2 (2.67%) Blockchain
7 2 (2.67%) Data Lake
7 2 (2.67%) Data Warehouse
7 2 (2.67%) HBase
7 2 (2.67%) InfluxDB
7 2 (2.67%) Redis
7 2 (2.67%) Relational Database
7 2 (2.67%) Riak
8 1 (1.33%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 15 (20.00%) Git (software)
2 13 (17.33%) Jenkins
2 13 (17.33%) JIRA
3 10 (13.33%) Maven
4 7 (9.33%) TeamCity
5 6 (8.00%) Bitbucket
6 4 (5.33%) Gradle
6 4 (5.33%) JUnit
6 4 (5.33%) SoapUI
6 4 (5.33%) Subversion
6 4 (5.33%) TestRail
7 3 (4.00%) Appium
7 3 (4.00%) Eclipse
7 3 (4.00%) eggPlant
7 3 (4.00%) GitLab
7 3 (4.00%) LoadRunner
7 3 (4.00%) Selenium
7 3 (4.00%) Vagrant
7 3 (4.00%) Visual Studio
8 2 (2.67%) SonarQube
General
1 6 (8.00%) Finance
2 5 (6.67%) Analytical Skills
3 4 (5.33%) Public Sector
4 3 (4.00%) Social Skills
5 2 (2.67%) Banking
5 2 (2.67%) Front Office
5 2 (2.67%) International Banking
6 1 (1.33%) Documentation Skills
6 1 (1.33%) Games
6 1 (1.33%) Law
6 1 (1.33%) Presentation Skills
6 1 (1.33%) Retail
Job Titles
1 19 (25.33%) DevOps Engineer
2 11 (14.67%) Linux Engineer
3 10 (13.33%) AWS DevOps
4 9 (12.00%) Python Engineer
5 8 (10.67%) Linux/Unix DevOps
6 7 (9.33%) Cloud Engineer
7 6 (8.00%) Administrator
7 6 (8.00%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 6 (8.00%) AWS Engineer
7 6 (8.00%) Data Engineer
7 6 (8.00%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 6 (8.00%) Senior DevOps
8 5 (6.67%) Linux Administrator
8 5 (6.67%) Linux DevOps Engineer
8 5 (6.67%) Software Engineer
9 4 (5.33%) Developer
9 4 (5.33%) Lead DevOps
10 3 (4.00%) Architect
10 3 (4.00%) Senior Manager
10 3 (4.00%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7 (9.33%) JSON
1 7 (9.33%) LDAP
1 7 (9.33%) Web Services
2 6 (8.00%) Flask
2 6 (8.00%) Lambda Expressions
2 6 (8.00%) XML
3 5 (6.67%) .NET
3 5 (6.67%) AngularJS
3 5 (6.67%) HTML
4 3 (4.00%) Node.js
4 3 (4.00%) OAuth
4 3 (4.00%) React
4 3 (4.00%) SOAP
5 2 (2.67%) Elastic Stack
5 2 (2.67%) Kafka
5 2 (2.67%) LAMP
5 2 (2.67%) OAuth2
5 2 (2.67%) REST
5 2 (2.67%) Spring
5 2 (2.67%) Velocity
Miscellaneous
1 6 (8.00%) Data Structures
1 6 (8.00%) Greenfield Project
1 6 (8.00%) Hedge funds
2 4 (5.33%) Cloud Native
2 4 (5.33%) Data Centre
3 3 (4.00%) Hybrid Cloud
4 2 (2.67%) Clustering
4 2 (2.67%) Enterprise Software
4 2 (2.67%) Equities
4 2 (2.67%) Fixed Income
4 2 (2.67%) Linux Command Line
4 2 (2.67%) Replication
4 2 (2.67%) Virtual Team
5 1 (1.33%) Device Driver
5 1 (1.33%) IBM Storwize
5 1 (1.33%) Life Science
5 1 (1.33%) NHS
5 1 (1.33%) PKI
5 1 (1.33%) Public Cloud
5 1 (1.33%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 75 (100.00%) Linux
2 36 (48.00%) CentOS
3 26 (34.67%) Windows
4 12 (16.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 7 (9.33%) Windows Server
6 6 (8.00%) Solaris
7 5 (6.67%) Debian
8 4 (5.33%) SUSE
8 4 (5.33%) Unix
9 3 (4.00%) Windows Server 2016
10 2 (2.67%) Alpine Linux
11 1 (1.33%) DC/OS
11 1 (1.33%) Mac OS X
11 1 (1.33%) OpenWrt
11 1 (1.33%) Scientific Linux
11 1 (1.33%) VMS
11 1 (1.33%) Windows 10
11 1 (1.33%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (1.33%) Windows Server 2019
11 1 (1.33%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 33 (44.00%) DevOps
2 14 (18.67%) Agile Software Development
3 12 (16.00%) Configuration Management
3 12 (16.00%) Continuous Integration
4 9 (12.00%) Microservices
4 9 (12.00%) Test Automation
5 7 (9.33%) High Availability
5 7 (9.33%) Infrastructure as Code
6 6 (8.00%) Converged Infrastructure
6 6 (8.00%) Data Migration
6 6 (8.00%) Data Pipeline
6 6 (8.00%) ETL
6 6 (8.00%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 6 (8.00%) Migration
7 5 (6.67%) Analytics
7 5 (6.67%) Continuous Deployment
7 5 (6.67%) Open Source
7 5 (6.67%) Software Engineering
7 5 (6.67%) TDD
8 4 (5.33%) Security Hardening
Programming Languages
1 40 (53.33%) Python
2 25 (33.33%) Bash Shell
3 19 (25.33%) SQL
4 18 (24.00%) PowerShell
5 16 (21.33%) Java
6 9 (12.00%) JavaScript
7 8 (10.67%) Ruby
8 6 (8.00%) C
9 5 (6.67%) C#
9 5 (6.67%) PHP
10 4 (5.33%) Perl
10 4 (5.33%) Shell Script
11 3 (4.00%) C++
11 3 (4.00%) Go
11 3 (4.00%) VB
12 2 (2.67%) T-SQL
12 2 (2.67%) TypeScript
13 1 (1.33%) AWK
13 1 (1.33%) Groovy
13 1 (1.33%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 14 (18.67%) Security Cleared
2 11 (14.67%) SC Cleared
3 5 (6.67%) Degree
3 5 (6.67%) DV Cleared
4 4 (5.33%) AWS Certification
5 3 (4.00%) RHCE
6 1 (1.33%) Computer Science Degree
6 1 (1.33%) ISEB
6 1 (1.33%) ISTQB
6 1 (1.33%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (5.33%) QA
2 3 (4.00%) GDPR
2 3 (4.00%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 2 (2.67%) HL7
3 2 (2.67%) ISO 9000
3 2 (2.67%) OASIS TOSCA
3 2 (2.67%) SLA
4 1 (1.33%) NCSC
System Software
1 22 (29.33%) Docker
2 15 (20.00%) Active Directory
3 12 (16.00%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (10.67%) VMware ESXi
5 6 (8.00%) VMware NSX
6 5 (6.67%) vSphere
7 4 (5.33%) NFS
8 3 (4.00%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (2.67%) HDFS
9 2 (2.67%) Samba
9 2 (2.67%) Veritas File System
10 1 (1.33%) Firmware
10 1 (1.33%) GlusterFS
10 1 (1.33%) Hyper-V
10 1 (1.33%) LXC
10 1 (1.33%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (1.33%) Shibboleth
10 1 (1.33%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (1.33%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 26 (34.67%) Ansible
1 26 (34.67%) Terraform
2 16 (21.33%) Kubernetes
3 12 (16.00%) Puppet
4 6 (8.00%) vCenter Server
5 4 (5.33%) Prometheus
5 4 (5.33%) Rundeck
5 4 (5.33%) vRealize
6 3 (4.00%) Docker Swarm
6 3 (4.00%) Grafana
6 3 (4.00%) HP ALM
6 3 (4.00%) Icinga
6 3 (4.00%) Packer
7 2 (2.67%) EMC NetWorker
7 2 (2.67%) logstash
7 2 (2.67%) Microsoft Intune
7 2 (2.67%) Opscode Chef
7 2 (2.67%) QRadar
7 2 (2.67%) Red Hat Satellite
7 2 (2.67%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 18 (24.00%) Red Hat
2 17 (22.67%) VMware
3 12 (16.00%) Microsoft
4 7 (9.33%) Cisco
4 7 (9.33%) Cloudera
5 6 (8.00%) Dell
5 6 (8.00%) Hortonworks
6 5 (6.67%) Oracle
7 4 (5.33%) Atlassian
7 4 (5.33%) EMC
7 4 (5.33%) HP
7 4 (5.33%) ServiceNow
8 3 (4.00%) Fortinet
8 3 (4.00%) Google
8 3 (4.00%) IBM
8 3 (4.00%) Juniper
8 3 (4.00%) MuleSoft
8 3 (4.00%) Veeam
9 2 (2.67%) BMC
9 2 (2.67%) SAP