Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK > England
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 575 431 542
Rank change year-on-year -144 +111 -35
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 148 57 275
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.23% 0.22% 0.34%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.47% 1.19% 1.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 86 39 188
10th Percentile £338 £331 £275
25th Percentile £456 £356 £350
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £425 £475
Median % change year-on-year +29.41% -10.53% -5.00%
75th Percentile £588 £488 £576
90th Percentile £681 £526 £638
UK median daily rate £514 £425 £475
% change year-on-year +20.88% -10.53% -5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 6
10th Percentile £38.61 £18.73 £17.39
25th Percentile £39.82 £19.07 £25.31
Median hourly rate £43.47 £20.64 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +110.56% -56.54% +48.44%
75th Percentile £46.31 £22.73 £55.63
90th Percentile £46.57 £23.37 £58.13
UK median hourly rate £43.47 £22.29 £47.50
% change year-on-year +95.04% -53.08% +48.44%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 10,042 4,778 16,438
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.68% 18.49% 20.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,814 3,125 10,635
10th Percentile £166 £185 £150
25th Percentile £335 £319 £300
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -2.86%
75th Percentile £575 £538 £538
90th Percentile £669 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +6.74% +4.71% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 574 242 997
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.63 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.88 £14.00 £13.50
Median hourly rate £17.50 £19.00 £17.43
Median % change year-on-year -7.89% +9.01% +0.11%
75th Percentile £39.90 £38.94 £36.70
90th Percentile £63.00 £48.14 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £18.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year -5.41% +5.71% +2.94%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu in England.

Daily rate trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ubuntu in England over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu in England.

Hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the England region over the 6 months to 25 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -157 75 £550 +29.41% 35
South West - 24 £375 - 12
East of England -34 14 £500 - 11
South East -74 14 £535 +53.32% 15
North of England -70 11 £475 +40.74% 11
Yorkshire -50 6 £475 +40.74% 1
Midlands -72 6 £275 - 9
West Midlands -60 5 - - 8
North West - 4 £348 - 8
North East -10 1 £563 +32.35% 2
East Midlands - 1 £275 - 1
Ubuntu
UK

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 148 (100.00%) Linux
2 73 (49.32%) Bash Shell
3 71 (47.97%) Python
4 50 (33.78%) Windows
5 46 (31.08%) DevOps
6 45 (30.41%) AWS
7 44 (29.73%) Terraform
8 43 (29.05%) Java
9 40 (27.03%) Docker
10 38 (25.68%) Red Hat
11 37 (25.00%) Ansible
12 36 (24.32%) CentOS
13 35 (23.65%) Jenkins
14 34 (22.97%) VMware
15 33 (22.30%) Firewall
15 33 (22.30%) SQL
15 33 (22.30%) Azure
15 33 (22.30%) Kubernetes
16 32 (21.62%) Security Cleared
17 31 (20.95%) Puppet
18 30 (20.27%) Git (software)
19 29 (19.59%) PowerShell
19 29 (19.59%) JIRA
19 29 (19.59%) Configuration Management
20 27 (18.24%) SC Cleared
21 24 (16.22%) VMware Infrastructure
21 24 (16.22%) Problem-Solving
21 24 (16.22%) Infrastructure as Code
22 23 (15.54%) Active Directory
22 23 (15.54%) Microsoft

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (12.16%) Apache
2 16 (10.81%) Tomcat
3 11 (7.43%) OpenStack
4 10 (6.76%) Confluence
5 6 (4.05%) Elasticsearch
5 6 (4.05%) nginx
5 6 (4.05%) SharePoint
6 4 (2.70%) Drupal
6 4 (2.70%) IIS
6 4 (2.70%) JBoss
7 3 (2.03%) Apache Pig
7 3 (2.03%) Apache Spark
7 3 (2.03%) Jetty
8 1 (0.68%) GeoServer
8 1 (0.68%) Red Hat Fuse
8 1 (0.68%) uWSGI
Applications
1 8 (5.41%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (1.35%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (0.68%) SAP Oil and Gas
1 1 (0.68%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 45 (30.41%) AWS
2 33 (22.30%) Azure
3 14 (9.46%) GCP
4 10 (6.76%) Amazon S3
5 9 (6.08%) Amazon EC2
5 9 (6.08%) GitHub
6 8 (5.41%) Amazon ECS
7 7 (4.73%) IaaS
8 6 (4.05%) Amazon EKS
8 6 (4.05%) AWS CloudFormation
8 6 (4.05%) Azure Active Directory
8 6 (4.05%) Microsoft 365
9 5 (3.38%) Serverless
10 4 (2.70%) Cloud Computing
10 4 (2.70%) PaaS
10 4 (2.70%) SaaS
11 3 (2.03%) AWS CodePipeline
11 3 (2.03%) Azure Data Factory
11 3 (2.03%) Azure Functions
11 3 (2.03%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 33 (22.30%) Firewall
2 20 (13.51%) DNS
3 15 (10.14%) VPN
4 14 (9.46%) TCP/IP
4 14 (9.46%) WAN
5 11 (7.43%) HTTP
5 11 (7.43%) LAN
6 9 (6.08%) VLAN
6 9 (6.08%) Wireless
7 8 (5.41%) Ethernet
8 7 (4.73%) DHCP
8 7 (4.73%) IPv4
9 5 (3.38%) VSAN
10 4 (2.70%) SSL
11 3 (2.03%) DMZ
11 3 (2.03%) Internet
11 3 (2.03%) MPLS
11 3 (2.03%) OSPF
11 3 (2.03%) SAN
12 2 (1.35%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (10.14%) PostgreSQL
2 14 (9.46%) SQL Server
3 13 (8.78%) NoSQL
4 10 (6.76%) MySQL
5 8 (5.41%) Amazon RDS
6 4 (2.70%) Data Warehouse
6 4 (2.70%) MongoDB
6 4 (2.70%) Redis
7 3 (2.03%) Amazon Aurora
7 3 (2.03%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
7 3 (2.03%) Azure SQL Database
7 3 (2.03%) Data Lake
7 3 (2.03%) SAP HANA
8 2 (1.35%) Amazon Redshift
8 2 (1.35%) Big Data
8 2 (1.35%) Blockchain
8 2 (1.35%) Hadoop
8 2 (1.35%) HBase
9 1 (0.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 1 (0.68%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 35 (23.65%) Jenkins
2 30 (20.27%) Git (software)
3 29 (19.59%) JIRA
4 23 (15.54%) GitLab
5 17 (11.49%) Bitbucket
6 8 (5.41%) Maven
7 7 (4.73%) GoCD
7 7 (4.73%) SonarQube
8 6 (4.05%) Spinnaker
8 6 (4.05%) TeamCity
9 4 (2.70%) Gradle
10 3 (2.03%) Flyway
10 3 (2.03%) git-flow
10 3 (2.03%) JUnit
10 3 (2.03%) Log4j
10 3 (2.03%) Postman
10 3 (2.03%) RSpec
10 3 (2.03%) SoapUI
10 3 (2.03%) Subversion
11 2 (1.35%) Bitbucket Server
General
1 18 (12.16%) Social Skills
2 15 (10.14%) Analytical Skills
3 13 (8.78%) Public Sector
4 9 (6.08%) Finance
5 7 (4.73%) Electronics
6 5 (3.38%) Law
7 3 (2.03%) Telecoms
8 2 (1.35%) Banking
8 2 (1.35%) Games
8 2 (1.35%) Influencing Skills
9 1 (0.68%) Documentation Skills
9 1 (0.68%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.68%) Marketing
9 1 (0.68%) Organisational Skills
9 1 (0.68%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 33 (22.30%) DevOps Engineer
2 21 (14.19%) Administrator
3 20 (13.51%) Systems Administrator
4 18 (12.16%) Linux Administrator
5 17 (11.49%) Linux Systems Administrator
6 16 (10.81%) Linux Engineer
7 10 (6.76%) Systems Engineer
8 9 (6.08%) Site Reliability Engineer
9 7 (4.73%) Developer
10 6 (4.05%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 6 (4.05%) Ubuntu Specialist
11 5 (3.38%) Architect
11 5 (3.38%) Cloud Engineer
11 5 (3.38%) Lead DevOps
11 5 (3.38%) Platform Engineer
11 5 (3.38%) Security Specialist
11 5 (3.38%) Site Engineer
12 4 (2.70%) AWS DevOps
12 4 (2.70%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 4 (2.70%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (8.78%) Elastic Stack
2 12 (8.11%) Java SE
2 12 (8.11%) LDAP
3 11 (7.43%) Web Services
4 8 (5.41%) .NET
5 7 (4.73%) JSON
5 7 (4.73%) LAMP
5 7 (4.73%) SOAP
6 6 (4.05%) OAuth
6 6 (4.05%) REST
7 5 (3.38%) Node.js
7 5 (3.38%) OAuth2
7 5 (3.38%) RESTful
8 4 (2.70%) .NET Core
8 4 (2.70%) Kafka
8 4 (2.70%) MediatR
8 4 (2.70%) Spring
9 3 (2.03%) Dropwizard
10 2 (1.35%) AngularJS
10 2 (1.35%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 8 (5.41%) Cloud Native
1 8 (5.41%) Linux Command Line
2 6 (4.05%) Data Centre
2 6 (4.05%) Private Cloud
2 6 (4.05%) Public Cloud
3 5 (3.38%) Clustering
4 4 (2.70%) Fibre Optics
4 4 (2.70%) Life Science
4 4 (2.70%) Video\Live Streaming
5 3 (2.03%) Data Structures
5 3 (2.03%) Hybrid Cloud
5 3 (2.03%) Legacy Applications
5 3 (2.03%) Replication
6 2 (1.35%) Data Protection Act
6 2 (1.35%) Greenfield Project
6 2 (1.35%) Hedge funds
6 2 (1.35%) Legacy Systems
6 2 (1.35%) Management Information System
6 2 (1.35%) Virtual Team
7 1 (0.68%) IBM Storwize
Operating Systems
1 148 (100.00%) Linux
2 50 (33.78%) Windows
3 36 (24.32%) CentOS
4 23 (15.54%) Windows Server
5 22 (14.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (5.41%) Debian
6 8 (5.41%) Windows Server 2016
7 7 (4.73%) Solaris
8 6 (4.05%) Unix
9 5 (3.38%) Windows Server 2008
10 4 (2.70%) Windows 10
11 3 (2.03%) Android
11 3 (2.03%) Mac OS X
11 3 (2.03%) Oracle Linux
11 3 (2.03%) Scientific Linux
11 3 (2.03%) SUSE
11 3 (2.03%) VMS
12 2 (1.35%) HPUX
12 2 (1.35%) Windows XP
13 1 (0.68%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 46 (31.08%) DevOps
2 29 (19.59%) Configuration Management
3 24 (16.22%) Infrastructure as Code
3 24 (16.22%) Problem-Solving
4 19 (12.84%) Agile Software Development
5 18 (12.16%) Continuous Integration
6 16 (10.81%) Information Security
7 15 (10.14%) Project Delivery
8 14 (9.46%) Site Reliability Engineering
9 11 (7.43%) Open Source
10 10 (6.76%) Microservices
10 10 (6.76%) Migration
11 9 (6.08%) Cybersecurity
12 8 (5.41%) Deployment Automation
12 8 (5.41%) Software Engineering
13 7 (4.73%) Continuous Deployment
13 7 (4.73%) ITIL
13 7 (4.73%) Load Balancing
13 7 (4.73%) Release Management
13 7 (4.73%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 73 (49.32%) Bash Shell
2 71 (47.97%) Python
3 43 (29.05%) Java
4 33 (22.30%) SQL
5 29 (19.59%) PowerShell
6 13 (8.78%) AWK
6 13 (8.78%) Go
6 13 (8.78%) sed
7 11 (7.43%) Ruby
8 10 (6.76%) C#
8 10 (6.76%) Perl
9 9 (6.08%) JavaScript
10 8 (5.41%) PHP
11 7 (4.73%) C
12 5 (3.38%) T-SQL
13 3 (2.03%) R
13 3 (2.03%) TypeScript
14 2 (1.35%) PL/SQL
14 2 (1.35%) Shell Script
15 1 (0.68%) Tcl
Qualifications
1 32 (21.62%) Security Cleared
2 27 (18.24%) SC Cleared
3 19 (12.84%) RHCE
4 8 (5.41%) Degree
5 6 (4.05%) DV Cleared
6 4 (2.70%) AWS Certification
6 4 (2.70%) CCDA
6 4 (2.70%) CCNA
6 4 (2.70%) CCNP
6 4 (2.70%) Cisco Certification
6 4 (2.70%) JNCIA
6 4 (2.70%) JNCIP
6 4 (2.70%) JNCIS
7 2 (1.35%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
8 1 (0.68%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.68%) MCSA
8 1 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (8.11%) NCSC
2 5 (3.38%) QA
3 4 (2.70%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 3 (2.03%) Data Quality
5 2 (1.35%) GDPR
5 2 (1.35%) SLA
6 1 (0.68%) Accessibility
6 1 (0.68%) HL7
System Software
1 40 (27.03%) Docker
2 24 (16.22%) VMware Infrastructure
3 23 (15.54%) Active Directory
4 12 (8.11%) VMware ESXi
5 10 (6.76%) vSphere
6 7 (4.73%) Virtual Servers
7 5 (3.38%) NFS
7 5 (3.38%) VirtualBox
8 4 (2.70%) KVM
8 4 (2.70%) VMware NSX
9 3 (2.03%) Postfix
9 3 (2.03%) Xen
10 2 (1.35%) HDFS
10 2 (1.35%) Hyper-V
10 2 (1.35%) Veritas File System
10 2 (1.35%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 2 (1.35%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (1.35%) Virtual Machines
11 1 (0.68%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.68%) LXC
Systems Management
1 44 (29.73%) Terraform
2 37 (25.00%) Ansible
3 33 (22.30%) Kubernetes
4 31 (20.95%) Puppet
5 16 (10.81%) Nagios
6 14 (9.46%) Icinga
6 14 (9.46%) Prometheus
7 11 (7.43%) Packer
8 8 (5.41%) Grafana
9 7 (4.73%) Opscode Chef
9 7 (4.73%) vCenter Server
10 6 (4.05%) ZABBIX
11 5 (3.38%) Rundeck
11 5 (3.38%) Single Sign-On
12 4 (2.70%) Kibana
12 4 (2.70%) logstash
12 4 (2.70%) Microsoft Intune
12 4 (2.70%) SCCM
13 3 (2.03%) Cobbler
13 3 (2.03%) Graphite
Vendors
1 38 (25.68%) Red Hat
2 34 (22.97%) VMware
3 23 (15.54%) Microsoft
4 15 (10.14%) Dell
5 8 (5.41%) Cisco
6 7 (4.73%) Atlassian
6 7 (4.73%) Google
6 7 (4.73%) Juniper
6 7 (4.73%) Oracle
7 6 (4.05%) ServiceNow
7 6 (4.05%) SolarWinds
8 5 (3.38%) Coverity
9 4 (2.70%) EMC
9 4 (2.70%) SAP
10 3 (2.03%) HP
10 3 (2.03%) IBM
10 3 (2.03%) Klocwork
10 3 (2.03%) MuleSoft
10 3 (2.03%) Salesforce.com
10 3 (2.03%) Veeam