Period
to 26 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 26 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 556 495 446
Rank change year-on-year -61 -49 +85
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 274 375 416
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.33% 0.41% 0.49%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.66% 1.95% 2.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 192 287 314
England median daily rate £500 £500 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.53% +3.33%
10th Percentile £289 £353 £337
90th Percentile £650 £625 £621
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £465
% change year-on-year - +7.53% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 7 6
England median hourly rate £42.50 £32.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.81% +82.86% -61.11%
10th Percentile £21.72 £17.18 £14.13
90th Percentile £146.25 £65.00 £23.75
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £32.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +48.44% +82.86% -61.11%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 16,497 19,257 17,372
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 19.82% 20.93% 20.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,527 12,160 10,981
England median daily rate £445 £440 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.14% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £160 £185 £204
90th Percentile £625 £613 £588
UK median daily rate £433 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +1.76% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 986 1,319 1,035
England median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.94% +2.94%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.17 £10.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.50 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.39 £16.50
% change year-on-year +0.63% +5.39% -2.94%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ubuntu in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu in England over the 6 months to 26 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu in England over the 6 months to 26 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the England region over the 6 months to 26 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -67 120 £520 -2.80% 11
South East -6 55 £388 -16.22% 3
North of England +47 38 £450 -2.70% 6
South West -10 24 £563 +40.87% 4
Midlands +2 22 £450 +5.88% 4
North West +38 20 £450 -2.70% 2
West Midlands +2 19 £350 -17.65% 3
East of England -11 15 £180 -64.00% 6
Yorkshire +28 14 £475 +2.70%
North East - 4 £400 - 4
East Midlands +11 3 £475 +18.75% 1
Ubuntu
UK

For the 6 months to 26 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 274 (100.00%) Linux
2 128 (46.72%) DevOps
3 112 (40.88%) Docker
4 100 (36.50%) Python
5 99 (36.13%) Amazon AWS
6 93 (33.94%) CentOS
7 90 (32.85%) Ansible
8 86 (31.39%) Git (software)
8 86 (31.39%) Jenkins
9 80 (29.20%) Bash Shell
10 79 (28.83%) Agile Software Development
11 77 (28.10%) Configuration Management
12 75 (27.37%) Windows
13 70 (25.55%) Java
14 61 (22.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 57 (20.80%) Microsoft Azure
15 57 (20.80%) MongoDB
16 56 (20.44%) Security Cleared
16 56 (20.44%) MySQL
17 55 (20.07%) Red Hat
18 53 (19.34%) Puppet
19 51 (18.61%) Ruby
19 51 (18.61%) Kubernetes
20 47 (17.15%) Terraform
21 45 (16.42%) Debian
21 45 (16.42%) Apache
21 45 (16.42%) SC Cleared
22 44 (16.06%) Amazon EC2
22 44 (16.06%) VMware
23 43 (15.69%) GitHub

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (16.42%) Apache
2 29 (10.58%) Elasticsearch
2 29 (10.58%) Tomcat
3 27 (9.85%) nginx
4 15 (5.47%) Confluence
5 13 (4.74%) Apache Solr
5 13 (4.74%) JBoss
6 10 (3.65%) WebLogic
7 8 (2.92%) IIS
7 8 (2.92%) MS Exchange
8 4 (1.46%) Drupal
8 4 (1.46%) OpenStack
9 3 (1.09%) Cloud Foundry
9 3 (1.09%) WebSphere
9 3 (1.09%) WordPress
10 2 (0.73%) Jetty
10 2 (0.73%) Mongrel
10 2 (0.73%) WildFly
11 1 (0.36%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
11 1 (0.36%) GlassFish
Applications
1 1 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 1 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 1 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
1 1 (0.36%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 99 (36.13%) Amazon AWS
2 57 (20.80%) Microsoft Azure
3 44 (16.06%) Amazon EC2
4 43 (15.69%) GitHub
5 28 (10.22%) Amazon S3
6 27 (9.85%) AWS CloudFormation
7 22 (8.03%) AWS Lambda
7 22 (8.03%) Serverless
8 21 (7.66%) Office 365
9 17 (6.20%) Google Cloud Platform
10 15 (5.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 15 (5.47%) Amazon ECS
11 13 (4.74%) Amazon SQS
12 10 (3.65%) Google Analytics
13 9 (3.28%) IaaS
13 9 (3.28%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 6 (2.19%) Amazon ELB
14 6 (2.19%) Cloud Computing
14 6 (2.19%) PaaS
14 6 (2.19%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 42 (15.33%) TCP/IP
2 40 (14.60%) Firewall
3 21 (7.66%) DNS
4 17 (6.20%) LAN
4 17 (6.20%) WAN
5 16 (5.84%) HTTP
6 15 (5.47%) SSL
7 13 (4.74%) Internet
8 11 (4.01%) VPN
9 9 (3.28%) SAN
10 6 (2.19%) DHCP
10 6 (2.19%) VLAN
11 5 (1.82%) Network Security
12 4 (1.46%) Cisco ASA
12 4 (1.46%) MPLS
12 4 (1.46%) VSAN
13 3 (1.09%) BIG-IP
13 3 (1.09%) iSCSI
13 3 (1.09%) SNMP
13 3 (1.09%) VXLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (20.80%) MongoDB
2 56 (20.44%) MySQL
3 21 (7.66%) PostgreSQL
3 21 (7.66%) SQL Server
4 20 (7.30%) NoSQL
5 16 (5.84%) Big Data
6 13 (4.74%) Amazon RDS
6 13 (4.74%) Hadoop
7 6 (2.19%) HBase
8 5 (1.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 5 (1.82%) Redis
9 4 (1.46%) Azure SQL Database
9 4 (1.46%) Cloudera CDH
9 4 (1.46%) MariaDB
10 3 (1.09%) DB2
10 3 (1.09%) Oracle Database
11 2 (0.73%) Amazon Aurora
11 2 (0.73%) Apache Cassandra
12 1 (0.36%) MemSQL
12 1 (0.36%) Spatial Data
Development Applications
1 86 (31.39%) Git (software)
1 86 (31.39%) Jenkins
2 31 (11.31%) Selenium
3 26 (9.49%) JIRA
3 26 (9.49%) Subversion
4 25 (9.12%) Maven
5 23 (8.39%) Cucumber
6 18 (6.57%) Ant
7 13 (4.74%) JUnit
8 12 (4.38%) EasyMock
8 12 (4.38%) GitLab
8 12 (4.38%) Mockito
9 11 (4.01%) Bitbucket
9 11 (4.01%) Eclipse
9 11 (4.01%) Grunt
9 11 (4.01%) IntelliJ
9 11 (4.01%) Vagrant
9 11 (4.01%) Visual Studio
10 10 (3.65%) gulp
10 10 (3.65%) Sublime Text
General
1 21 (7.66%) Finance
2 9 (3.28%) Financial Institution
3 8 (2.92%) Back Office
4 7 (2.55%) Telecoms
5 5 (1.82%) Marketing
5 5 (1.82%) Retail
6 4 (1.46%) Manufacturing
7 3 (1.09%) Electronics
7 3 (1.09%) Games
8 1 (0.36%) Law
8 1 (0.36%) Mandarin Language
8 1 (0.36%) Military
Job Titles
1 55 (20.07%) DevOps Engineer
2 42 (15.33%) Developer
3 35 (12.77%) Administrator
4 33 (12.04%) Linux Engineer
5 31 (11.31%) Systems Administrator
6 28 (10.22%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 23 (8.39%) Linux Administrator
8 21 (7.66%) Linux Systems Administrator
9 17 (6.20%) Java Developer
10 14 (5.11%) Cloud Engineer
10 14 (5.11%) Senior Developer
10 14 (5.11%) Software Engineer
11 13 (4.74%) Architect
11 13 (4.74%) AWS Engineer
12 12 (4.38%) Senior Java Developer
13 10 (3.65%) Senior Software Engineer
13 10 (3.65%) Support Engineer
14 9 (3.28%) Systems Engineer
15 8 (2.92%) Analyst
15 8 (2.92%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 33 (12.04%) Node.js
1 33 (12.04%) Spring
2 31 (11.31%) HTML
3 26 (9.49%) CSS
3 26 (9.49%) HTML5
4 25 (9.12%) jQuery
5 23 (8.39%) AngularJS
6 22 (8.03%) Hibernate
7 21 (7.66%) Elastic Stack
8 16 (5.84%) .NET
8 16 (5.84%) JSON
9 14 (5.11%) CSS3
9 14 (5.11%) Kafka
9 14 (5.11%) REST
10 13 (4.74%) Servlets
11 12 (4.38%) Gherkin
11 12 (4.38%) JPA
11 12 (4.38%) Lucene
11 12 (4.38%) Spring Batch
11 12 (4.38%) Spring Security
Miscellaneous
1 15 (5.47%) Public Cloud
2 14 (5.11%) Clustering
3 13 (4.74%) Device Driver
4 12 (4.38%) PKI
4 12 (4.38%) User Experience
5 11 (4.01%) Embedded Systems
6 10 (3.65%) Data Centre
6 10 (3.65%) Management Information System
7 9 (3.28%) Hedge funds
8 5 (1.82%) Fat Client
8 5 (1.82%) Thin Client
9 4 (1.46%) Cloud Native
10 3 (1.09%) Private Cloud
10 3 (1.09%) Smartcard
10 3 (1.09%) Virtual Team
11 2 (0.73%) Analytical Skills
11 2 (0.73%) Cyber Defence
11 2 (0.73%) Replication
11 2 (0.73%) Smart Home
11 2 (0.73%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 274 (100.00%) Linux
2 93 (33.94%) CentOS
3 75 (27.37%) Windows
4 61 (22.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 45 (16.42%) Debian
6 34 (12.41%) Windows Server
7 33 (12.04%) Unix
8 16 (5.84%) Mac OS
9 15 (5.47%) Windows Server 2012
10 11 (4.01%) Solaris
11 8 (2.92%) Fedora
11 8 (2.92%) Windows Server 2008
12 7 (2.55%) Mac OS X
12 7 (2.55%) Windows 10
12 7 (2.55%) Windows 7
13 6 (2.19%) SUSE
14 5 (1.82%) CoreOS
15 4 (1.46%) openSUSE
16 3 (1.09%) VMS
16 3 (1.09%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 128 (46.72%) DevOps
2 79 (28.83%) Agile Software Development
3 77 (28.10%) Configuration Management
4 39 (14.23%) Continuous Integration
5 35 (12.77%) Problem-Solving
6 34 (12.41%) Open Source
7 32 (11.68%) Analytics
7 32 (11.68%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 27 (9.85%) Test Automation
9 26 (9.49%) Infrastructure as Code
9 26 (9.49%) Scrum
10 25 (9.12%) Software Engineering
11 24 (8.76%) Immutable Infrastructure
12 22 (8.03%) ITIL
13 20 (7.30%) Kanban
14 19 (6.93%) TDD
15 18 (6.57%) Migration
15 18 (6.57%) Site Reliability Engineering
16 17 (6.20%) Front End Development
16 17 (6.20%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 100 (36.50%) Python
2 80 (29.20%) Bash Shell
3 70 (25.55%) Java
4 51 (18.61%) Ruby
5 41 (14.96%) SQL
6 30 (10.95%) JavaScript
7 25 (9.12%) C#
7 25 (9.12%) Go
8 23 (8.39%) C++
8 23 (8.39%) Perl
9 20 (7.30%) PowerShell
10 16 (5.84%) PHP
11 12 (4.38%) Groovy
11 12 (4.38%) Java 8
11 12 (4.38%) Scala
12 9 (3.28%) Haskell
13 8 (2.92%) Shell Script
14 6 (2.19%) C
15 4 (1.46%) VB.NET
16 3 (1.09%) ES6
Qualifications
1 56 (20.44%) Security Cleared
2 45 (16.42%) SC Cleared
3 13 (4.74%) Degree
4 5 (1.82%) AWS Certification
4 5 (1.82%) DV Cleared
4 5 (1.82%) Microsoft Certification
5 3 (1.09%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (0.73%) MCSA
6 2 (0.73%) MCSE
7 1 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.36%) CCNA
7 1 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
7 1 (0.36%) CISSP
7 1 (0.36%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.36%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 1 (0.36%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.36%) RHCE
7 1 (0.36%) RHCSA
7 1 (0.36%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (2.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 4 (1.46%) COBIT
2 4 (1.46%) GDPR
2 4 (1.46%) NIST
3 2 (0.73%) SLA
4 1 (0.36%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.36%) QA
System Software
1 112 (40.88%) Docker
2 42 (15.33%) Active Directory
3 38 (13.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (6.57%) vSphere
5 14 (5.11%) Hyper-V
5 14 (5.11%) LXC
6 8 (2.92%) KVM
7 7 (2.55%) HDFS
8 6 (2.19%) NFS
8 6 (2.19%) Squid
8 6 (2.19%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (1.82%) ISA Server
10 4 (1.46%) Snort
10 4 (1.46%) VirtualBox
10 4 (1.46%) Xen
11 3 (1.09%) Postfix
11 3 (1.09%) Virtual Machines
12 2 (0.73%) BIND 9
12 2 (0.73%) Terminal Server
12 2 (0.73%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 90 (32.85%) Ansible
2 53 (19.34%) Puppet
3 51 (18.61%) Kubernetes
4 47 (17.15%) Terraform
5 27 (9.85%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (9.49%) Prometheus
7 25 (9.12%) Grafana
8 24 (8.76%) Nagios
9 21 (7.66%) vCenter Server
10 16 (5.84%) Icinga
11 13 (4.74%) Packer
12 12 (4.38%) Graphite
12 12 (4.38%) Kibana
13 11 (4.01%) HAProxy
14 8 (2.92%) Norton AntiVirus
15 7 (2.55%) Sysdig
16 6 (2.19%) Docker Swarm
16 6 (2.19%) SCCM
17 5 (1.82%) Rsyslog
17 5 (1.82%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 55 (20.07%) Red Hat
2 44 (16.06%) VMware
3 38 (13.87%) Google
3 38 (13.87%) Microsoft
4 16 (5.84%) Oracle
5 15 (5.47%) Atlassian
6 14 (5.11%) HP
7 12 (4.38%) Cisco
8 11 (4.01%) NetApp
9 10 (3.65%) Adobe
9 10 (3.65%) Symantec
10 9 (3.28%) Dell
11 7 (2.55%) Splunk
11 7 (2.55%) webMethods
12 6 (2.19%) Qualys
13 5 (1.82%) Cloudera
13 5 (1.82%) Dynatrace
13 5 (1.82%) EMC
13 5 (1.82%) Salesforce.com
14 4 (1.46%) Veeam