Period
to 30 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 30 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK > England
6 months to
30 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 413 502 540
Rank change year-on-year +89 +38 -30
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 76 297 358
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.27% 0.38% 0.38%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.46% 1.87% 1.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 56 199 231
Median daily rate £425 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -15.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £334 £298 £333
90th Percentile £528 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £425 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -15.00% - +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 7 6
Median hourly rate £19.00 £45.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -57.78% +63.64% +10.00%
10th Percentile £18.50 £17.71 £19.44
90th Percentile £19.50 £58.00 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £32.00 £45.00 £27.50
% change year-on-year -28.89% +63.64% +10.00%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 5,211 15,862 19,875
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.59% 20.48% 21.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,139 9,991 12,397
Median daily rate £440 £425 £435
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.53% -2.30% +2.35%
10th Percentile £175 £150 £170
90th Percentile £625 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £432 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +1.65% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 321 1,069 1,386
Median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.17
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.45 £47.50
Median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +14.29% - -

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu in England.

Daily rate trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ubuntu in England over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu in England.

Hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in England

Ubuntu
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the England region over the 6 months to 30 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +79 45 £438 -18.60% 17
South East +170 18 £388 +3.33% 9
North of England +91 6 £350 -36.36% 6
Midlands +61 4 £400 +23.08% 6
West Midlands +52 4 £400 +23.08% 5
Yorkshire +77 3 £344 -37.50%
South West +89 2 £363 -28.40% 5
North East +36 2 £425 -
East of England +68 1 - - 4
North West +62 1 £400 -27.27% 6
Ubuntu
UK

For the 6 months to 30 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 76 (100.00%) Linux
2 35 (46.05%) DevOps
3 34 (44.74%) CentOS
4 33 (43.42%) Windows
5 29 (38.16%) VMware
6 28 (36.84%) Python
7 27 (35.53%) Cisco
8 26 (34.21%) Red Hat
8 26 (34.21%) Git (software)
8 26 (34.21%) Kubernetes
9 25 (32.89%) Puppet
9 25 (32.89%) Jenkins
9 25 (32.89%) AWS
10 24 (31.58%) Docker
11 22 (28.95%) Ansible
11 22 (28.95%) Bash Shell
11 22 (28.95%) Security Cleared
11 22 (28.95%) Agile Software Development
12 20 (26.32%) SC Cleared
12 20 (26.32%) Azure
13 19 (25.00%) Active Directory
14 18 (23.68%) Dell
14 18 (23.68%) Terraform
15 17 (22.37%) VMware ESXi
15 17 (22.37%) Debian
15 17 (22.37%) VMware Infrastructure
15 17 (22.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 15 (19.74%) Microsoft
16 15 (19.74%) JavaScript
16 15 (19.74%) SQL

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (17.11%) Apache
2 12 (15.79%) OpenStack
3 10 (13.16%) Confluence
3 10 (13.16%) nginx
4 7 (9.21%) Elasticsearch
5 6 (7.89%) Apache Spark
5 6 (7.89%) Tomcat
6 5 (6.58%) JBoss
6 5 (6.58%) Jetty
6 5 (6.58%) MQSeries
6 5 (6.58%) Oracle Self-Service HR
6 5 (6.58%) Red Hat Fuse
6 5 (6.58%) WebLogic
7 4 (5.26%) Apache Pig
7 4 (5.26%) GlassFish
7 4 (5.26%) Skype for Business
8 2 (2.63%) Apache Airflow
9 1 (1.32%) Exchange Server 2010
9 1 (1.32%) MS Exchange
9 1 (1.32%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 6 (7.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (1.32%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (6.58%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (5.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (1.32%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 25 (32.89%) AWS
2 20 (26.32%) Azure
3 9 (11.84%) IaaS
3 9 (11.84%) Office 365
4 6 (7.89%) Azure Active Directory
5 5 (6.58%) Amazon EKS
5 5 (6.58%) Amazon S3
6 4 (5.26%) Amazon EC2
6 4 (5.26%) Azure Data Factory
6 4 (5.26%) Azure Functions
6 4 (5.26%) Serverless
7 3 (3.95%) GitHub
8 2 (2.63%) AWS CloudFormation
8 2 (2.63%) Datadog
8 2 (2.63%) GCP
8 2 (2.63%) SaaS
9 1 (1.32%) Amazon SQS
9 1 (1.32%) OpenShift
9 1 (1.32%) PaaS
9 1 (1.32%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 14 (18.42%) Firewall
2 12 (15.79%) WAN
3 10 (13.16%) DNS
3 10 (13.16%) LAN
4 9 (11.84%) TCP/IP
4 9 (11.84%) VLAN
4 9 (11.84%) VSAN
5 8 (10.53%) Cisco ASA
5 8 (10.53%) DHCP
5 8 (10.53%) HTTP
6 7 (9.21%) SAN
7 6 (7.89%) OpenLDAP
7 6 (7.89%) SSH
7 6 (7.89%) VPN
8 5 (6.58%) MPLS
8 5 (6.58%) SSL
9 4 (5.26%) ATM
9 4 (5.26%) DECnet
9 4 (5.26%) NetScreen
9 4 (5.26%) X.25
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12 (15.79%) PostgreSQL
2 10 (13.16%) MySQL
3 9 (11.84%) SQL Server
4 6 (7.89%) Hadoop
5 5 (6.58%) MongoDB
5 5 (6.58%) Oracle Database
6 4 (5.26%) Amazon RDS
6 4 (5.26%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
6 4 (5.26%) Azure SQL Database
6 4 (5.26%) Cosmos DB
6 4 (5.26%) Data Lake
6 4 (5.26%) Data Warehouse
6 4 (5.26%) SAP HANA
7 2 (2.63%) Amazon Athena
7 2 (2.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 2 (2.63%) Amazon Redshift
7 2 (2.63%) Apache Cassandra
7 2 (2.63%) Relational Database
7 2 (2.63%) SQL Server 2012
8 1 (1.32%) HBase
Development Applications
1 26 (34.21%) Git (software)
2 25 (32.89%) Jenkins
3 13 (17.11%) JIRA
4 10 (13.16%) TeamCity
5 9 (11.84%) Maven
6 8 (10.53%) Sonatype Nexus
7 7 (9.21%) Vagrant
8 6 (7.89%) Ant
8 6 (7.89%) Bitbucket
9 5 (6.58%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 5 (6.58%) ClearCase
9 5 (6.58%) Cucumber
9 5 (6.58%) Eclipse
9 5 (6.58%) Gradle
9 5 (6.58%) Hudson
9 5 (6.58%) IntelliJ
9 5 (6.58%) Mercurial
9 5 (6.58%) Poseidon for UML
9 5 (6.58%) Selenium
9 5 (6.58%) Subversion
General
1 7 (9.21%) Finance
2 3 (3.95%) Public Sector
3 2 (2.63%) Front Office
3 2 (2.63%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 15 (19.74%) Infrastructure Engineer
1 15 (19.74%) Linux Engineer
2 9 (11.84%) Architect
2 9 (11.84%) DevOps Engineer
2 9 (11.84%) Solutions Architect
3 8 (10.53%) Linux/Unix DevOps
4 6 (7.89%) Developer
4 6 (7.89%) Linux DevOps Engineer
4 6 (7.89%) VMware Engineer
5 5 (6.58%) AWS DevOps
5 5 (6.58%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 5 (6.58%) AWS Engineer
5 5 (6.58%) DevOps Specialist
5 5 (6.58%) Infrastructure Specialist
5 5 (6.58%) Systems Engineer
5 5 (6.58%) VMware Infrastructure Engineer
6 4 (5.26%) Linux Infrastructure Engineer
6 4 (5.26%) Linux Systems Engineer
6 4 (5.26%) Systems Administrator
6 4 (5.26%) Unified Communications Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9 (11.84%) Node.js
2 8 (10.53%) AngularJS
2 8 (10.53%) JSON
2 8 (10.53%) Kafka
2 8 (10.53%) XML
3 7 (9.21%) jQuery
3 7 (9.21%) React
4 6 (7.89%) HTML
4 6 (7.89%) HTML5
4 6 (7.89%) LDAP
4 6 (7.89%) Spring
5 5 (6.58%) ActiveMQ
5 5 (6.58%) Apache Camel
5 5 (6.58%) GWT
5 5 (6.58%) Hibernate
5 5 (6.58%) JMS
5 5 (6.58%) MSMQ
5 5 (6.58%) Play Framework
5 5 (6.58%) RabbitMQ
5 5 (6.58%) STL
Miscellaneous
1 6 (7.89%) Data Centre
1 6 (7.89%) User Experience
2 5 (6.58%) Analytical Skills
2 5 (6.58%) Derivative
3 4 (5.26%) Cloud Native
4 3 (3.95%) Hybrid Cloud
4 3 (3.95%) Linux Command Line
4 3 (3.95%) Management Information System
4 3 (3.95%) Public Cloud
5 2 (2.63%) Digital Media
5 2 (2.63%) IPTV
5 2 (2.63%) Private Cloud
5 2 (2.63%) Video\Live Streaming
6 1 (1.32%) Analytical Mindset
6 1 (1.32%) Clustering
6 1 (1.32%) Mobile App
6 1 (1.32%) NHS
6 1 (1.32%) Over-the-Top Content
6 1 (1.32%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 76 (100.00%) Linux
2 34 (44.74%) CentOS
3 33 (43.42%) Windows
4 17 (22.37%) Debian
4 17 (22.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 9 (11.84%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
6 7 (9.21%) Unix
6 7 (9.21%) Windows Server
7 6 (7.89%) Android
7 6 (7.89%) Apple iOS
8 5 (6.58%) Mac OS X
8 5 (6.58%) Solaris
8 5 (6.58%) VMS
9 4 (5.26%) Fedora
9 4 (5.26%) NetWare
10 3 (3.95%) Windows 10
11 2 (2.63%) Windows 7
11 2 (2.63%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (1.32%) Mac OS X Server
12 1 (1.32%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 35 (46.05%) DevOps
2 22 (28.95%) Agile Software Development
3 13 (17.11%) Continuous Integration
3 13 (17.11%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 13 (17.11%) Scrum
4 9 (11.84%) Continuous Deployment
4 9 (11.84%) Infrastructure Automation
4 9 (11.84%) Migration
5 8 (10.53%) Microservices
5 8 (10.53%) TDD
5 8 (10.53%) Test Automation
6 7 (9.21%) Project Delivery
7 6 (7.89%) Anti-Money Laundering
7 6 (7.89%) Patch Management
7 6 (7.89%) Security Hardening
8 5 (6.58%) Continuous Delivery
8 5 (6.58%) Converged Infrastructure
8 5 (6.58%) JVM Tuning
8 5 (6.58%) Mentoring
8 5 (6.58%) Systems Engineering
Programming Languages
1 28 (36.84%) Python
2 22 (28.95%) Bash Shell
3 15 (19.74%) JavaScript
3 15 (19.74%) SQL
4 11 (14.47%) Java
4 11 (14.47%) T-SQL
5 10 (13.16%) Perl
5 10 (13.16%) PHP
5 10 (13.16%) PowerShell
6 9 (11.84%) Ruby
7 8 (10.53%) Shell Script
8 6 (7.89%) C++
9 5 (6.58%) Clojure
9 5 (6.58%) ClojureScript
9 5 (6.58%) Groovy
9 5 (6.58%) PL/SQL
9 5 (6.58%) Scala
10 4 (5.26%) C#
10 4 (5.26%) TypeScript
10 4 (5.26%) VBA
Qualifications
1 22 (28.95%) Security Cleared
2 20 (26.32%) SC Cleared
3 3 (3.95%) AWS Certification
4 2 (2.63%) CCNA
4 2 (2.63%) Cisco Certification
4 2 (2.63%) DV Cleared
5 1 (1.32%) Degree
5 1 (1.32%) ISEB
5 1 (1.32%) ISTQB
5 1 (1.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 1 (1.32%) ITIL Certification
5 1 (1.32%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (11.84%) SLA
2 4 (5.26%) QA
3 2 (2.63%) ISO 9001
3 2 (2.63%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 1 (1.32%) HL7
System Software
1 24 (31.58%) Docker
2 19 (25.00%) Active Directory
3 17 (22.37%) VMware ESXi
3 17 (22.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (7.89%) VMware NSX
5 4 (5.26%) vSphere
6 3 (3.95%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (3.95%) VirtualBox
7 2 (2.63%) Hyper-V
8 1 (1.32%) HDFS
8 1 (1.32%) KVM
8 1 (1.32%) XenApp
8 1 (1.32%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 26 (34.21%) Kubernetes
2 25 (32.89%) Puppet
3 22 (28.95%) Ansible
4 18 (23.68%) Terraform
5 8 (10.53%) vCenter Server
6 5 (6.58%) Salt
6 5 (6.58%) vRealize
7 3 (3.95%) Packer
8 2 (2.63%) HAProxy
8 2 (2.63%) logstash
8 2 (2.63%) Mesos
8 2 (2.63%) Nessus
8 2 (2.63%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (2.63%) OSSEC
8 2 (2.63%) WSUS
9 1 (1.32%) Microsoft Intune
9 1 (1.32%) Nagios
9 1 (1.32%) SCOM
9 1 (1.32%) SELinux
9 1 (1.32%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 29 (38.16%) VMware
2 27 (35.53%) Cisco
3 26 (34.21%) Red Hat
4 18 (23.68%) Dell
5 15 (19.74%) Microsoft
6 12 (15.79%) HP
7 10 (13.16%) Juniper
7 10 (13.16%) NetApp
8 9 (11.84%) Cloudera
8 9 (11.84%) MuleSoft
9 8 (10.53%) Oracle
10 7 (9.21%) Veeam
11 5 (6.58%) Axway
11 5 (6.58%) Hortonworks
11 5 (6.58%) Sparx
11 5 (6.58%) Sybase
12 4 (5.26%) F5
12 4 (5.26%) Foundstone
12 4 (5.26%) Novell
12 4 (5.26%) SAP