Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 21 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
England > London
6 months to
21 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 33 30 54
Rank change year-on-year -3 +24 +12
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,596 1,629 948
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 6.67% 6.68% 4.75%
As % of the Systems Management category 38.64% 37.66% 29.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,977 1,281 723
10th Percentile £475 £450 £451
25th Percentile £525 £488 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £618 £550 £575
Median % change year-on-year +12.27% -4.35% -
75th Percentile £700 £638 £661
90th Percentile £800 £713 £713
England median daily rate £600 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +14.29% -4.55% -2.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Median hourly rate - £59.00 -
England median hourly rate - £59.50 £38.55
% change year-on-year - +54.37% -44.94%

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 6,718 4,326 3,231
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.27% 17.74% 16.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,105 3,220 2,367
10th Percentile £423 £400 £350
25th Percentile £513 £463 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £530 £550
Median % change year-on-year +13.21% -3.64% -
75th Percentile £700 £630 £615
90th Percentile £791 £713 £700
England median daily rate £575 £513 £500
% change year-on-year +12.20% +2.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 13 34
10th Percentile £14.95 £15.01 £12.42
25th Percentile £21.00 £22.25 £12.52
Median hourly rate £23.91 £40.00 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year -40.23% +110.53% -19.15%
75th Percentile £35.00 £65.00 £26.75
90th Percentile £78.75 £68.00 £47.83
England median hourly rate £21.50 £24.75 £19.00
% change year-on-year -13.13% +30.26% +2.70%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in London.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in London over the 6 months to 21 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform in London.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the London region over the 6 months to 21 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +40 332 £600 +5.96% 104
South London +6 41 £600 +18.81% 15
West London -14 10 £580 +10.48% 27
East London -9 1 £575 +23.66% 27
North London - 1 £800 - 9
Terraform
England

For the 6 months to 21 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,727 (66.53%) DevOps
2 1,364 (52.54%) CI/CD
3 1,334 (51.39%) AWS
4 1,270 (48.92%) Kubernetes
5 1,191 (45.88%) Azure
6 1,010 (38.91%) Docker
7 1,003 (38.64%) Python
8 865 (33.32%) Infrastructure as Code
9 861 (33.17%) Agile
10 754 (29.04%) Ansible
11 741 (28.54%) Jenkins
12 597 (23.00%) Linux
13 572 (22.03%) Finance
14 522 (20.11%) Java
15 448 (17.26%) GCP
16 434 (16.72%) PowerShell
17 415 (15.99%) Git (software)
18 413 (15.91%) Serverless
19 398 (15.33%) Microsoft
20 391 (15.06%) Bash
21 353 (13.60%) Microservices
22 347 (13.37%) GitLab
22 347 (13.37%) GitHub
23 340 (13.10%) JavaScript
23 340 (13.10%) Security Cleared
24 326 (12.56%) AWS CloudFormation
25 314 (12.10%) SC Cleared
26 307 (11.83%) Social Skills
27 271 (10.44%) Migration
28 268 (10.32%) AWS Lambda

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 90 (3.47%) Confluence
2 75 (2.89%) Apache Spark
3 70 (2.70%) nginx
4 59 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
5 45 (1.73%) Apache
6 39 (1.50%) Apache Airflow
7 34 (1.31%) IIS
7 34 (1.31%) OpenStack
8 28 (1.08%) SharePoint
9 20 (0.77%) Cloud Foundry
10 17 (0.65%) Traefik
11 12 (0.46%) Tomcat
12 10 (0.39%) WebLogic
13 8 (0.31%) Drupal
14 5 (0.19%) Apache Pulsar
15 4 (0.15%) JBoss
15 4 (0.15%) Mule
16 3 (0.12%) SAS
16 3 (0.12%) uWSGI
16 3 (0.12%) WordPress
Applications
1 35 (1.35%) MS Visio
2 14 (0.54%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.039%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 23 (0.89%) Sentinel
2 8 (0.31%) TIBCO iProcess
3 4 (0.15%) Cloudability
3 4 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.077%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.039%) assyst
5 1 (0.039%) Bloomberg AIM
5 1 (0.039%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.039%) Magento
5 1 (0.039%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,334 (51.39%) AWS
2 1,191 (45.88%) Azure
3 448 (17.26%) GCP
4 413 (15.91%) Serverless
5 347 (13.37%) GitHub
6 326 (12.56%) AWS CloudFormation
7 268 (10.32%) AWS Lambda
8 252 (9.71%) PaaS
9 189 (7.28%) Amazon EC2
10 186 (7.16%) IaaS
11 155 (5.97%) Amazon ECS
12 152 (5.86%) Amazon EKS
13 146 (5.62%) Amazon S3
14 137 (5.28%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 109 (4.20%) SaaS
16 101 (3.89%) Azure Monitor
16 101 (3.89%) GitHub Actions
17 82 (3.16%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 81 (3.12%) AWS Fargate
18 81 (3.12%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 126 (4.85%) DNS
2 94 (3.62%) Firewall
3 65 (2.50%) VPN
4 44 (1.69%) Network Security
5 39 (1.50%) Internet
6 37 (1.43%) DHCP
6 37 (1.43%) HTTP
6 37 (1.43%) TCP/IP
7 31 (1.19%) SSL
8 30 (1.16%) WAN
9 25 (0.96%) BGP
10 21 (0.81%) SSH
11 18 (0.69%) FTP
11 18 (0.69%) SD-WAN
12 16 (0.62%) IPsec
12 16 (0.62%) Reverse Proxy
12 16 (0.62%) SMTP
13 14 (0.54%) LAN
14 10 (0.39%) DMZ
15 8 (0.31%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 134 (5.16%) PostgreSQL
2 103 (3.97%) SQL Server
3 102 (3.93%) Big Data
4 99 (3.81%) MySQL
5 96 (3.70%) Amazon RDS
6 83 (3.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 82 (3.16%) MongoDB
8 71 (2.73%) NoSQL
9 51 (1.96%) Relational Database
10 44 (1.69%) Data Lake
11 42 (1.62%) Data Warehouse
12 41 (1.58%) Amazon Redshift
13 37 (1.43%) BigQuery
14 33 (1.27%) Azure SQL Database
15 32 (1.23%) Amazon Athena
16 31 (1.19%) Delta Lake
17 20 (0.77%) Redis
18 19 (0.73%) Amazon Aurora
19 18 (0.69%) Hadoop
20 17 (0.65%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 741 (28.54%) Jenkins
2 415 (15.99%) Git (software)
3 347 (13.37%) GitLab
4 206 (7.94%) Maven
5 166 (6.39%) JIRA
6 159 (6.12%) CircleCI
7 157 (6.05%) Gradle
8 117 (4.51%) TeamCity
9 85 (3.27%) Sonatype Nexus
10 76 (2.93%) SonarQube
11 64 (2.47%) Travis CI
12 62 (2.39%) gulp
13 51 (1.96%) Artifactory
14 46 (1.77%) Bitbucket
15 41 (1.58%) Terragrunt
16 40 (1.54%) Cucumber
17 32 (1.23%) Visual Studio
18 28 (1.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 27 (1.04%) git-flow
20 25 (0.96%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 572 (22.03%) Finance
2 307 (11.83%) Social Skills
3 183 (7.05%) Public Sector
4 174 (6.70%) Banking
5 122 (4.70%) Analytical Skills
6 82 (3.16%) Retail
7 78 (3.00%) Front Office
8 44 (1.69%) Presentation Skills
9 42 (1.62%) Telecoms
10 34 (1.31%) Investment Banking
11 30 (1.16%) Financial Institution
12 26 (1.00%) Legal
13 22 (0.85%) Marketing
13 22 (0.85%) Tech for Good
14 21 (0.81%) Law
15 20 (0.77%) Manufacturing
15 20 (0.77%) Publishing
16 17 (0.65%) Electronics
17 16 (0.62%) Documentation Skills
18 14 (0.54%) Billing
Job Titles
1 981 (37.79%) DevOps Engineer
2 462 (17.80%) AWS Engineer
3 375 (14.45%) Developer
4 346 (13.33%) Azure Engineer
5 274 (10.55%) AWS DevOps
6 252 (9.71%) Cloud Engineer
7 244 (9.40%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 232 (8.94%) Architect
9 191 (7.36%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 149 (5.74%) Azure DevOps
11 140 (5.39%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 127 (4.89%) Senior DevOps
13 121 (4.66%) Cloud Architect
14 119 (4.58%) Java Developer
15 106 (4.08%) Azure Architect
16 99 (3.81%) Software Engineer
17 98 (3.78%) Infrastructure Engineer
18 96 (3.70%) Data Engineer
18 96 (3.70%) Senior DevOps Engineer
19 87 (3.35%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 233 (8.98%) Kafka
2 185 (7.13%) React
3 183 (7.05%) Node.js
4 152 (5.86%) .NET
5 121 (4.66%) REST
6 111 (4.28%) Spring
7 71 (2.73%) Spring Boot
8 69 (2.66%) ARM Templates
8 69 (2.66%) Elastic Stack
9 62 (2.39%) CSS
9 62 (2.39%) HTML
9 62 (2.39%) JSON
10 58 (2.23%) YAML
11 57 (2.20%) .NET Core
12 42 (1.62%) GraphQL
12 42 (1.62%) gRPC
13 41 (1.58%) AngularJS
14 34 (1.31%) Protocol Buffers
15 31 (1.19%) RESTful
16 30 (1.16%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 232 (8.94%) Public Cloud
2 223 (8.59%) Cloud Native
3 104 (4.01%) Greenfield Project
4 70 (2.70%) Hybrid Cloud
5 67 (2.58%) Hedge funds
6 61 (2.35%) Data Centre
7 60 (2.31%) Data Protection Act
8 55 (2.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 53 (2.04%) Equities
10 49 (1.89%) Private Cloud
11 48 (1.85%) Fixed Income
12 44 (1.69%) Linux Command Line
13 40 (1.54%) Management Information System
14 38 (1.46%) PKI
15 37 (1.43%) Self-Motivation
15 37 (1.43%) User Experience
16 31 (1.19%) Virtual Team
17 26 (1.00%) Clustering
17 26 (1.00%) iPad
18 24 (0.92%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 597 (23.00%) Linux
2 230 (8.86%) Windows
3 133 (5.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 88 (3.39%) Unix
5 56 (2.16%) CentOS
6 47 (1.81%) Windows Server
7 44 (1.69%) Ubuntu
8 27 (1.04%) VMS
9 26 (1.00%) Windows Server 2016
10 16 (0.62%) Windows Server 2019
11 13 (0.50%) Debian
11 13 (0.50%) Oracle Linux
12 9 (0.35%) Amazon Linux
13 8 (0.31%) Mesosphere
13 8 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
14 6 (0.23%) Data ONTAP
14 6 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
15 5 (0.19%) Mac OS
15 5 (0.19%) Solaris
16 4 (0.15%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,727 (66.53%) DevOps
2 1,364 (52.54%) CI/CD
3 865 (33.32%) Infrastructure as Code
4 861 (33.17%) Agile
5 353 (13.60%) Microservices
6 271 (10.44%) Migration
7 239 (9.21%) Software Engineering
8 236 (9.09%) Configuration Management
9 210 (8.09%) Test Automation
10 206 (7.94%) Open Source
11 198 (7.63%) Continuous Integration
12 192 (7.40%) TDD
13 179 (6.90%) Scrum
14 177 (6.82%) Site Reliability Engineering
15 172 (6.63%) Analytics
16 171 (6.59%) Deployment Automation
17 154 (5.93%) Platform Engineering
18 146 (5.62%) Problem-Solving
19 144 (5.55%) Full Stack Development
20 132 (5.08%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,003 (38.64%) Python
2 522 (20.11%) Java
3 434 (16.72%) PowerShell
4 391 (15.06%) Bash
5 340 (13.10%) JavaScript
6 248 (9.55%) Go
7 245 (9.44%) SQL
8 198 (7.63%) C#
9 168 (6.47%) TypeScript
10 140 (5.39%) Ruby
11 100 (3.85%) Groovy
12 71 (2.73%) Scala
12 71 (2.73%) Shell Script
13 46 (1.77%) C
14 29 (1.12%) C++
14 29 (1.12%) Perl
15 24 (0.92%) ES6
16 20 (0.77%) Kotlin
17 18 (0.69%) PHP
18 13 (0.50%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 340 (13.10%) Security Cleared
2 314 (12.10%) SC Cleared
3 98 (3.78%) AWS Certification
4 64 (2.47%) Degree
5 36 (1.39%) RHCE
6 29 (1.12%) DV Cleared
7 16 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
8 14 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
9 13 (0.50%) Computer Science Degree
10 12 (0.46%) CISSP
11 9 (0.35%) MCSE
12 7 (0.27%) JNCIS
13 5 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
14 4 (0.15%) CCA
15 3 (0.12%) FFIEC
15 3 (0.12%) RHCSA
15 3 (0.12%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 2 (0.077%) CCAA
16 2 (0.077%) CompTIA Security+
16 2 (0.077%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 72 (2.77%) QA
2 25 (0.96%) GDPR
3 19 (0.73%) SLA
4 14 (0.54%) NCSC
5 11 (0.42%) Accessibility
6 6 (0.23%) NIST
7 4 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.12%) Data Quality
8 3 (0.12%) GLBA
8 3 (0.12%) OASIS TOSCA
8 3 (0.12%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.077%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.039%) DICOM
10 1 (0.039%) FedRAMP
10 1 (0.039%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.039%) HL7
10 1 (0.039%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 1 (0.039%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 1 (0.039%) WAI
10 1 (0.039%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,010 (38.91%) Docker
2 117 (4.51%) Active Directory
3 82 (3.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 65 (2.50%) Virtual Machines
5 23 (0.89%) NFS
6 16 (0.62%) vSphere
7 11 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 9 (0.35%) Firmware
8 9 (0.35%) Hyper-V
8 9 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
9 6 (0.23%) vCloud
9 6 (0.23%) XenApp
10 5 (0.19%) Ceph
10 5 (0.19%) KVM
10 5 (0.19%) oVirt
11 3 (0.12%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 3 (0.12%) Squid
12 2 (0.077%) BitLocker
12 2 (0.077%) Snort
12 2 (0.077%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 1,270 (48.92%) Kubernetes
2 754 (29.04%) Ansible
3 186 (7.16%) Opscode Chef
4 178 (6.86%) Puppet
5 131 (5.05%) Prometheus
6 119 (4.58%) Packer
7 116 (4.47%) Grafana
8 75 (2.89%) Istio
9 73 (2.81%) Consul
10 40 (1.54%) Kibana
11 32 (1.23%) ZABBIX
12 27 (1.04%) Docker Swarm
13 25 (0.96%) HAProxy
14 24 (0.92%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 24 (0.92%) Microsoft Intune
15 23 (0.89%) logstash
16 21 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
17 20 (0.77%) Nagios
18 16 (0.62%) Icinga
18 16 (0.62%) SCCM
Vendors
1 398 (15.33%) Microsoft
2 179 (6.90%) Google
3 116 (4.47%) Red Hat
4 111 (4.28%) VMware
5 109 (4.20%) Splunk
6 98 (3.78%) Databricks
7 57 (2.20%) Oracle
8 55 (2.12%) AppDynamics
9 51 (1.96%) ServiceNow
10 38 (1.46%) New Relic
11 34 (1.31%) Cisco
12 30 (1.16%) Dynatrace
13 26 (1.00%) Citrix
13 26 (1.00%) PagerDuty
14 25 (0.96%) NetApp
15 23 (0.89%) SAP
16 19 (0.73%) Dell
17 17 (0.65%) SolarWinds
18 16 (0.62%) IBM
19 15 (0.58%) Palo Alto