Period
to 15 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 15 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
England > London
6 months to
15 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 30 55 64
Rank change year-on-year +25 +9 +46
Contract jobs citing Terraform 1,460 1,094 1,724
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 6.67% 4.52% 4.06%
As % of the Systems Management category 38.31% 29.31% 25.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,170 829 1,262
10th Percentile £438 £456 £465
25th Percentile £488 £508 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £575 £575
Median % change year-on-year -4.35% - +4.55%
75th Percentile £638 £663 £638
90th Percentile £713 £713 £688
England median daily rate £525 £550 £563
% change year-on-year -4.55% -2.22% +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 6
10th Percentile " " £40.13
25th Percentile £57.00 " "
Median hourly rate £59.00 - £70.00
75th Percentile £61.00 " "
90th Percentile " " £82.50
England median hourly rate £59.00 £38.55 £70.00
% change year-on-year +53.07% -44.94% -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 3,811 3,732 6,836
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.41% 15.41% 16.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,850 2,749 4,979
10th Percentile £400 £320 £360
25th Percentile £462 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £625 £625 £625
90th Percentile £700 £688 £688
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 40 77
10th Percentile £12.67 £12.42 £15.50
25th Percentile £15.03 £12.44 £17.66
Median hourly rate £23.00 £19.50 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year +17.95% -11.36% -8.08%
75th Percentile £51.75 £26.75 £36.67
90th Percentile £68.00 £47.83 £49.12
England median hourly rate £22.50 £17.50 £18.25
% change year-on-year +28.57% -4.11% +4.70%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in London.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in London over the 6 months to 15 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform in London.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the London region over the 6 months to 15 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -5 109 £550 -8.33% 143
South London +3 16 £505 -8.18% 12
West London +24 15 £500 +8.11% 56
East London +9 2 £688 +27.31% 32
Terraform
England

For the 6 months to 15 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 854 (58.49%) DevOps
2 823 (56.37%) AWS
3 766 (52.47%) Kubernetes
4 629 (43.08%) Docker
5 575 (39.38%) Azure
6 509 (34.86%) Agile Software Development
7 495 (33.90%) Python
8 435 (29.79%) Finance
9 418 (28.63%) Ansible
10 347 (23.77%) JavaScript
11 342 (23.42%) Infrastructure as Code
12 334 (22.88%) Linux
13 333 (22.81%) Java
14 328 (22.47%) Software Engineering
15 326 (22.33%) Node.js
16 315 (21.58%) Serverless
17 307 (21.03%) React
18 285 (19.52%) Web Services
19 284 (19.45%) GCP
20 264 (18.08%) Jenkins
21 251 (17.19%) Front Office
22 237 (16.23%) AWS Lambda
23 235 (16.10%) Asset Management
24 234 (16.03%) Investment Management
25 232 (15.89%) Security Cleared
26 212 (14.52%) Amazon S3
27 208 (14.25%) SC Cleared
28 205 (14.04%) TypeScript
29 191 (13.08%) Microservices
30 180 (12.33%) Amazon RDS

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (4.11%) Apache Spark
2 54 (3.70%) Apache
3 45 (3.08%) Confluence
4 31 (2.12%) nginx
5 28 (1.92%) Elasticsearch
6 24 (1.64%) Apache Airflow
7 16 (1.10%) Cloud Foundry
8 11 (0.75%) SharePoint
9 9 (0.62%) Apache Synapse
9 9 (0.62%) CMS
9 9 (0.62%) Tomcat
10 6 (0.41%) WebSphere
11 5 (0.34%) IIS
11 5 (0.34%) OpenStack
12 4 (0.27%) Appian
12 4 (0.27%) JBoss
12 4 (0.27%) WebSphere Application Server
13 3 (0.21%) Apache Solr
13 3 (0.21%) Jupyter
13 3 (0.21%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 5 (0.34%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 9 (0.62%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
3 2 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.068%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.068%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.068%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 823 (56.37%) AWS
2 575 (39.38%) Azure
3 315 (21.58%) Serverless
4 284 (19.45%) GCP
5 237 (16.23%) AWS Lambda
6 212 (14.52%) Amazon S3
7 156 (10.68%) Amazon SQS
8 144 (9.86%) AWS Step Functions
9 128 (8.77%) PaaS
10 112 (7.67%) GitHub
11 111 (7.60%) AWS CloudFormation
12 85 (5.82%) IaaS
13 70 (4.79%) Amazon EKS
14 52 (3.56%) Amazon EC2
15 48 (3.29%) OpenShift
16 46 (3.15%) SaaS
17 43 (2.95%) Amazon ECS
18 32 (2.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 31 (2.12%) Azure Functions
20 29 (1.99%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 39 (2.67%) Firewall
2 32 (2.19%) DNS
3 21 (1.44%) VPN
4 18 (1.23%) WAN
5 16 (1.10%) Network Security
6 13 (0.89%) NAS
6 13 (0.89%) TCP/IP
7 11 (0.75%) DHCP
7 11 (0.75%) SAN
8 9 (0.62%) Internet
9 8 (0.55%) HTTP
9 8 (0.55%) Multicast
9 8 (0.55%) SSH
10 7 (0.48%) LAN
10 7 (0.48%) SSL
11 6 (0.41%) Fibre Channel
11 6 (0.41%) HTTPS
11 6 (0.41%) iSCSI
11 6 (0.41%) Reverse Proxy
12 5 (0.34%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 180 (12.33%) Amazon RDS
2 171 (11.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 63 (4.32%) Big Data
4 58 (3.97%) PostgreSQL
5 48 (3.29%) BigQuery
6 40 (2.74%) Azure SQL Database
6 40 (2.74%) NoSQL
7 33 (2.26%) SQL Server
8 30 (2.05%) Hadoop
9 29 (1.99%) Apache Ignite
9 29 (1.99%) Data Warehouse
9 29 (1.99%) MySQL
10 28 (1.92%) MongoDB
11 20 (1.37%) Cloud Spanner
11 20 (1.37%) Redis
12 16 (1.10%) Cosmos DB
13 15 (1.03%) Bigtable
14 13 (0.89%) Data Lake
15 10 (0.68%) Relational Database
15 10 (0.68%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 264 (18.08%) Jenkins
2 171 (11.71%) Git (software)
3 89 (6.10%) GitLab
4 70 (4.79%) JIRA
5 62 (4.25%) Maven
6 43 (2.95%) CircleCI
7 38 (2.60%) SonarQube
8 28 (1.92%) Visual Studio Team System
9 24 (1.64%) Bitbucket
10 23 (1.58%) Cucumber
10 23 (1.58%) Travis CI
11 22 (1.51%) TeamCity
12 21 (1.44%) Gradle
12 21 (1.44%) Sonatype Nexus
13 20 (1.37%) Selenium
14 16 (1.10%) Visual Studio
15 15 (1.03%) Artifactory
16 13 (0.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 13 (0.89%) gulp
16 13 (0.89%) Vagrant
General
1 435 (29.79%) Finance
2 251 (17.19%) Front Office
3 104 (7.12%) Banking
4 69 (4.73%) Public Sector
5 33 (2.26%) Retail
6 29 (1.99%) Marketing
7 23 (1.58%) Telecoms
8 11 (0.75%) Billing
8 11 (0.75%) Manufacturing
9 10 (0.68%) Advertising
9 10 (0.68%) Electronics
9 10 (0.68%) Investment Banking
10 6 (0.41%) Financial Institution
10 6 (0.41%) iGaming
11 5 (0.34%) Publishing
12 4 (0.27%) Law
12 4 (0.27%) Retail Banking
13 3 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.14%) Games
14 2 (0.14%) German Language
Job Titles
1 491 (33.63%) DevOps Engineer
2 433 (29.66%) Developer
3 226 (15.48%) React Developer
4 190 (13.01%) AWS Engineer
5 172 (11.78%) AWS Developer
6 164 (11.23%) AWS DevOps
7 145 (9.93%) Azure Engineer
8 128 (8.77%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 121 (8.29%) Cloud Engineer
9 121 (8.29%) Full Stack Developer
10 120 (8.22%) Architect
11 97 (6.64%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 81 (5.55%) Senior DevOps
13 80 (5.48%) JavaScript Developer
13 80 (5.48%) Node.js Developer
14 76 (5.21%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 72 (4.93%) Azure DevOps
16 68 (4.66%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 65 (4.45%) UI Engineer
17 65 (4.45%) UX Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 326 (22.33%) Node.js
2 307 (21.03%) React
3 285 (19.52%) Web Services
4 126 (8.63%) .NET
5 99 (6.78%) Kafka
6 71 (4.86%) .NET Core
6 71 (4.86%) REST
7 39 (2.67%) Spring
8 37 (2.53%) GraphQL
8 37 (2.53%) gRPC
8 37 (2.53%) JSON
9 36 (2.47%) YAML
10 30 (2.05%) Elastic Stack
10 30 (2.05%) Protocol Buffers
11 26 (1.78%) .NET Framework
12 24 (1.64%) CSS
12 24 (1.64%) Spring Boot
13 23 (1.58%) AngularJS
14 21 (1.44%) ASP.NET Web API
14 21 (1.44%) Lambda Expressions
Miscellaneous
1 77 (5.27%) Cloud Native
2 70 (4.79%) User Experience
3 61 (4.18%) Data Centre
4 57 (3.90%) Public Cloud
5 39 (2.67%) Analytical Skills
6 34 (2.33%) Fixed Income
7 33 (2.26%) Greenfield Project
8 30 (2.05%) Algorithms
9 29 (1.99%) Derivative
10 27 (1.85%) Equities
10 27 (1.85%) Hedge funds
10 27 (1.85%) Mobile App
11 26 (1.78%) Hybrid Cloud
12 23 (1.58%) Data Structures
12 23 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
12 23 (1.58%) Linux Command Line
13 21 (1.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 14 (0.96%) iPad
15 12 (0.82%) N-Tier
16 10 (0.68%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 334 (22.88%) Linux
2 108 (7.40%) Windows
3 38 (2.60%) Unix
4 37 (2.53%) Windows Server
5 29 (1.99%) CentOS
6 28 (1.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 14 (0.96%) Ubuntu
8 11 (0.75%) Solaris
9 9 (0.62%) VMS
10 6 (0.41%) CoreOS
10 6 (0.41%) Windows Server 2016
10 6 (0.41%) Windows Server 2019
11 5 (0.34%) Android
11 5 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
12 4 (0.27%) Windows 10
13 3 (0.21%) Debian
14 2 (0.14%) HPUX
14 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
15 1 (0.068%) Alpine Linux
15 1 (0.068%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 854 (58.49%) DevOps
2 509 (34.86%) Agile Software Development
3 342 (23.42%) Infrastructure as Code
4 328 (22.47%) Software Engineering
5 235 (16.10%) Asset Management
6 234 (16.03%) Investment Management
7 191 (13.08%) Microservices
8 117 (8.01%) Configuration Management
9 100 (6.85%) Migration
10 99 (6.78%) Test Automation
11 97 (6.64%) Continuous Integration
12 88 (6.03%) Open Source
12 88 (6.03%) TDD
13 83 (5.68%) Portfolio Management
14 74 (5.07%) Continuous Delivery
15 72 (4.93%) Scrum
16 69 (4.73%) Release Management
17 67 (4.59%) Site Reliability Engineering
18 65 (4.45%) Release Automation
18 65 (4.45%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 495 (33.90%) Python
2 347 (23.77%) JavaScript
3 333 (22.81%) Java
4 205 (14.04%) TypeScript
5 150 (10.27%) PowerShell
6 135 (9.25%) C#
7 130 (8.90%) SQL
8 126 (8.63%) Bash Shell
9 94 (6.44%) Kotlin
10 81 (5.55%) Go
11 63 (4.32%) Ruby
12 43 (2.95%) C++
13 34 (2.33%) Scala
14 28 (1.92%) Groovy
15 24 (1.64%) Shell Script
16 21 (1.44%) Rust
17 16 (1.10%) T-SQL
18 13 (0.89%) C
18 13 (0.89%) Perl
19 8 (0.55%) PHP
Qualifications
1 232 (15.89%) Security Cleared
2 208 (14.25%) SC Cleared
3 90 (6.16%) Degree
4 31 (2.12%) DV Cleared
5 25 (1.71%) AWS Certification
6 11 (0.75%) Computer Science Degree
7 8 (0.55%) CISSP
8 6 (0.41%) Cisco Certification
9 5 (0.34%) ISEB
10 4 (0.27%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.27%) CCNP
10 4 (0.27%) CTC Cleared
11 3 (0.21%) CCNA
11 3 (0.21%) CISM
11 3 (0.21%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 3 (0.21%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 2 (0.14%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.14%) RHCA
12 2 (0.14%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (2.12%) QA
2 4 (0.27%) NCSC
2 4 (0.27%) SLA
2 4 (0.27%) WCAG
3 3 (0.21%) NIST
4 1 (0.068%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 629 (43.08%) Docker
2 41 (2.81%) Active Directory
3 36 (2.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 32 (2.19%) Virtual Machines
5 13 (0.89%) Hyper-V
5 13 (0.89%) VMware ESXi
6 10 (0.68%) KVM
7 7 (0.48%) vSphere
8 6 (0.41%) NFS
9 4 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
9 4 (0.27%) SRDF
9 4 (0.27%) VMware NSX
9 4 (0.27%) Xen
10 3 (0.21%) HDFS
10 3 (0.21%) Microsoft App-V
10 3 (0.21%) Varnish
11 2 (0.14%) VirtualBox
12 1 (0.068%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 1 (0.068%) Virtual Desktop
12 1 (0.068%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 766 (52.47%) Kubernetes
2 418 (28.63%) Ansible
3 97 (6.64%) Opscode Chef
4 96 (6.58%) Puppet
5 48 (3.29%) Packer
6 41 (2.81%) Prometheus
7 29 (1.99%) Grafana
8 24 (1.64%) Istio
9 18 (1.23%) Consul
10 16 (1.10%) Argo
10 16 (1.10%) Docker Swarm
11 13 (0.89%) vRealize
11 13 (0.89%) ZABBIX
12 12 (0.82%) Kibana
12 12 (0.82%) Microsoft Intune
13 9 (0.62%) vRealize Orchestrator
14 8 (0.55%) logstash
14 8 (0.55%) Mesos
15 7 (0.48%) Nagios
15 7 (0.48%) SCCM
Vendors
1 136 (9.32%) Microsoft
2 129 (8.84%) Google
3 66 (4.52%) VMware
4 27 (1.85%) Bloomberg
4 27 (1.85%) Red Hat
5 24 (1.64%) Splunk
6 23 (1.58%) Oracle
7 18 (1.23%) Databricks
8 16 (1.10%) Hortonworks
9 15 (1.03%) IBM
9 15 (1.03%) SAP
10 13 (0.89%) Cisco
11 12 (0.82%) Cloudera
12 11 (0.75%) New Relic
13 10 (0.68%) Atlassian
13 10 (0.68%) Salesforce.com
14 9 (0.62%) EMC
14 9 (0.62%) MuleSoft
14 9 (0.62%) Okta
14 9 (0.62%) TIBCO