Period
to 17 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 17 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
England > London
6 months to
17 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 38 55 63
Rank change year-on-year +17 +8 +78
Contract jobs citing Terraform 998 1,295 1,782
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 5.80% 4.28% 4.01%
As % of the Systems Management category 34.19% 28.29% 24.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 995 1,021 1,407
Median daily rate £525 £600 £575
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £413 £475 £463
90th Percentile £700 £713 £675
England median daily rate £525 £575 £550
% change year-on-year -8.70% +4.55% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 2
Median hourly rate - - £90.00
England median hourly rate £40.75 £36.25 £90.00
% change year-on-year +12.41% -59.72% -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 2,919 4,577 7,184
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 16.96% 15.11% 16.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,151 3,391 5,321
Median daily rate £525 £550 £547
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +0.58% +6.18%
10th Percentile £363 £300 £350
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 42 81
Median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £19.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +2.56% -11.36%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.44 £13.31
90th Percentile £68.00 £47.25 £41.25
Median hourly rate £22.50 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +28.57% - +8.01%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in London.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in London over the 6 months to 17 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform in London.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the London region over the 6 months to 17 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +10 104 £550 -8.33% 105
South London -1 16 £505 -8.18% 18
West London +37 7 £685 +44.21% 33
East London +9 2 £688 +14.58% 25
Terraform
England

For the 6 months to 17 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 633 (63.43%) DevOps
2 570 (57.11%) AWS
3 545 (54.61%) Kubernetes
4 446 (44.69%) Docker
5 410 (41.08%) Azure
6 393 (39.38%) Python
7 360 (36.07%) Agile Software Development
8 329 (32.97%) Ansible
9 261 (26.15%) Java
10 258 (25.85%) Finance
11 244 (24.45%) Infrastructure as Code
12 241 (24.15%) Jenkins
12 241 (24.15%) Linux
13 214 (21.44%) JavaScript
13 214 (21.44%) Software Engineering
14 206 (20.64%) Node.js
15 201 (20.14%) Serverless
16 196 (19.64%) React
17 184 (18.44%) GCP
18 182 (18.24%) Web Services
19 169 (16.93%) Microservices
20 164 (16.43%) Security Cleared
21 159 (15.93%) Front Office
22 150 (15.03%) SC Cleared
23 148 (14.83%) Git (software)
24 144 (14.43%) Asset Management
25 143 (14.33%) AWS Lambda
26 128 (12.83%) Investment Management
27 125 (12.53%) Amazon S3
28 110 (11.02%) Amazon RDS

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (5.31%) Apache Spark
2 52 (5.21%) Apache
3 31 (3.11%) Confluence
4 27 (2.71%) Elasticsearch
5 18 (1.80%) nginx
6 16 (1.60%) OpenStack
7 12 (1.20%) Apache Airflow
8 10 (1.00%) Jupyter
9 9 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
10 8 (0.80%) IIS
10 8 (0.80%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.40%) Appian
11 4 (0.40%) BizTalk Server
11 4 (0.40%) Exchange Server 2010
11 4 (0.40%) JBoss
11 4 (0.40%) MS Exchange
12 3 (0.30%) CMS
13 2 (0.20%) Ethereum
14 1 (0.10%) Apache ServiceMix
14 1 (0.10%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 3 (0.30%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 3 (0.30%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 570 (57.11%) AWS
2 410 (41.08%) Azure
3 201 (20.14%) Serverless
4 184 (18.44%) GCP
5 143 (14.33%) AWS Lambda
6 125 (12.53%) Amazon S3
7 97 (9.72%) AWS CloudFormation
8 96 (9.62%) PaaS
9 86 (8.62%) Amazon SQS
10 70 (7.01%) Amazon EC2
10 70 (7.01%) IaaS
11 68 (6.81%) AWS Step Functions
12 67 (6.71%) GitHub
13 54 (5.41%) Amazon EKS
14 53 (5.31%) OpenShift
15 47 (4.71%) Amazon ECS
16 40 (4.01%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 28 (2.81%) SaaS
18 26 (2.61%) Cloud Computing
19 25 (2.51%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 43 (4.31%) Firewall
2 35 (3.51%) DNS
3 21 (2.10%) VPN
4 16 (1.60%) TCP/IP
5 13 (1.30%) HTTP
6 12 (1.20%) Network Security
7 9 (0.90%) Reverse Proxy
7 9 (0.90%) WAN
8 7 (0.70%) Kerberos
8 7 (0.70%) SSL
9 6 (0.60%) DHCP
9 6 (0.60%) FTP
9 6 (0.60%) HTTPS
9 6 (0.60%) SSH
10 5 (0.50%) DMZ
10 5 (0.50%) Remote Desktop
10 5 (0.50%) SNMP
11 4 (0.40%) BGP
11 4 (0.40%) OSPF
11 4 (0.40%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 110 (11.02%) Amazon RDS
2 81 (8.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 57 (5.71%) Big Data
4 44 (4.41%) PostgreSQL
5 36 (3.61%) Apache Ignite
6 34 (3.41%) MySQL
7 33 (3.31%) NoSQL
8 32 (3.21%) BigQuery
9 27 (2.71%) Amazon Redshift
9 27 (2.71%) Azure SQL Database
9 27 (2.71%) MongoDB
10 25 (2.51%) SQL Server
11 17 (1.70%) Cosmos DB
11 17 (1.70%) Hadoop
12 15 (1.50%) Cloud Spanner
12 15 (1.50%) Data Warehouse
12 15 (1.50%) Relational Database
13 14 (1.40%) Redis
14 12 (1.20%) Bigtable
15 9 (0.90%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 241 (24.15%) Jenkins
2 148 (14.83%) Git (software)
3 90 (9.02%) GitLab
4 51 (5.11%) JIRA
4 51 (5.11%) Maven
5 38 (3.81%) Artifactory
6 31 (3.11%) CircleCI
7 30 (3.01%) SonarQube
8 22 (2.20%) Visual Studio Team System
9 20 (2.00%) Bitbucket
9 20 (2.00%) TeamCity
10 18 (1.80%) Gradle
11 17 (1.70%) Cucumber
12 16 (1.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 16 (1.60%) gulp
12 16 (1.60%) Sonatype Nexus
13 15 (1.50%) Selenium
14 11 (1.10%) Subversion
15 10 (1.00%) RStudio
15 10 (1.00%) Vagrant
General
1 258 (25.85%) Finance
2 159 (15.93%) Front Office
3 83 (8.32%) Banking
4 55 (5.51%) Public Sector
5 33 (3.31%) Retail
6 26 (2.61%) Marketing
7 16 (1.60%) Telecoms
8 15 (1.50%) Billing
9 12 (1.20%) Investment Banking
10 10 (1.00%) Retail Banking
11 9 (0.90%) Manufacturing
12 7 (0.70%) Advertising
13 6 (0.60%) Electronics
14 4 (0.40%) Corporate Banking
14 4 (0.40%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.40%) Law
14 4 (0.40%) Retail Finance
15 3 (0.30%) German Language
15 3 (0.30%) Publishing
16 1 (0.10%) Games
Job Titles
1 355 (35.57%) DevOps Engineer
2 279 (27.96%) Developer
3 135 (13.53%) AWS Engineer
4 128 (12.83%) AWS DevOps
5 111 (11.12%) Azure Engineer
6 108 (10.82%) React Developer
7 99 (9.92%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 90 (9.02%) AWS Developer
9 84 (8.42%) Cloud Engineer
10 69 (6.91%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 66 (6.61%) Full Stack Developer
12 62 (6.21%) Architect
13 59 (5.91%) Senior DevOps
14 58 (5.81%) Azure DevOps
15 55 (5.51%) Senior DevOps Engineer
16 47 (4.71%) Software Engineer
17 45 (4.51%) Python Engineer
18 43 (4.31%) Python Developer
19 41 (4.11%) Kubernetes Engineer
20 38 (3.81%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 206 (20.64%) Node.js
2 196 (19.64%) React
3 182 (18.24%) Web Services
4 86 (8.62%) Kafka
5 69 (6.91%) .NET
6 45 (4.51%) Spring
7 44 (4.41%) gRPC
8 43 (4.31%) REST
9 38 (3.81%) Protocol Buffers
10 36 (3.61%) .NET Core
11 34 (3.41%) Spring Boot
12 32 (3.21%) Elastic Stack
13 29 (2.91%) AngularJS
14 27 (2.71%) JSON
15 26 (2.61%) CSS
16 23 (2.30%) GraphQL
17 22 (2.20%) .NET Framework
17 22 (2.20%) RESTful
18 21 (2.10%) RabbitMQ
18 21 (2.10%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 56 (5.61%) Cloud Native
2 54 (5.41%) Fixed Income
3 52 (5.21%) Derivative
3 52 (5.21%) Equities
4 41 (4.11%) User Experience
5 37 (3.71%) Public Cloud
6 36 (3.61%) Data Centre
7 32 (3.21%) Analytical Skills
8 22 (2.20%) Greenfield Project
9 19 (1.90%) Mobile App
10 18 (1.80%) Hedge funds
11 16 (1.60%) Hybrid Cloud
11 16 (1.60%) iPad
12 14 (1.40%) Algorithms
13 12 (1.20%) Data Structures
13 12 (1.20%) N-Tier
14 11 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
14 11 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
15 10 (1.00%) Blog
16 9 (0.90%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 241 (24.15%) Linux
2 82 (8.22%) Windows
3 25 (2.51%) CentOS
4 24 (2.40%) Windows Server
5 22 (2.20%) Unix
6 18 (1.80%) Windows Server 2016
7 17 (1.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 16 (1.60%) Ubuntu
9 9 (0.90%) Windows 10
9 9 (0.90%) Windows Server 2019
10 8 (0.80%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 8 (0.80%) Windows Server 2008
11 7 (0.70%) Windows Server 2012
12 6 (0.60%) VMS
13 5 (0.50%) Android
13 5 (0.50%) Debian
14 4 (0.40%) Windows NT
14 4 (0.40%) Windows XP
15 3 (0.30%) Amazon Linux
15 3 (0.30%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 633 (63.43%) DevOps
2 360 (36.07%) Agile Software Development
3 244 (24.45%) Infrastructure as Code
4 214 (21.44%) Software Engineering
5 169 (16.93%) Microservices
6 144 (14.43%) Asset Management
7 128 (12.83%) Investment Management
8 87 (8.72%) Configuration Management
9 80 (8.02%) Continuous Integration
9 80 (8.02%) TDD
9 80 (8.02%) Test Automation
10 64 (6.41%) Migration
10 64 (6.41%) Open Source
11 63 (6.31%) Scrum
12 62 (6.21%) Continuous Delivery
13 53 (5.31%) Deployment Automation
14 52 (5.21%) Infrastructure Automation
15 49 (4.91%) Site Reliability Engineering
16 39 (3.91%) Problem-Solving
17 38 (3.81%) Portfolio Management
Programming Languages
1 393 (39.38%) Python
2 261 (26.15%) Java
3 214 (21.44%) JavaScript
4 104 (10.42%) PowerShell
5 100 (10.02%) Bash Shell
6 95 (9.52%) SQL
7 90 (9.02%) C#
8 86 (8.62%) Go
9 83 (8.32%) TypeScript
10 68 (6.81%) Kotlin
11 53 (5.31%) Ruby
12 41 (4.11%) Scala
13 30 (3.01%) C++
14 28 (2.81%) Shell Script
15 20 (2.00%) R
16 18 (1.80%) Groovy
17 13 (1.30%) Perl
18 11 (1.10%) Java 8
18 11 (1.10%) Rust
19 6 (0.60%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 164 (16.43%) Security Cleared
2 150 (15.03%) SC Cleared
3 51 (5.11%) Degree
4 29 (2.91%) AWS Certification
5 18 (1.80%) DV Cleared
6 13 (1.30%) Computer Science Degree
7 6 (0.60%) Cisco Certification
8 5 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
8 5 (0.50%) CCNA
8 5 (0.50%) CISSP
9 4 (0.40%) CCNP
10 3 (0.30%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 2 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.20%) Network+ Certification
11 2 (0.20%) Novell Certification
12 1 (0.10%) CEH
12 1 (0.10%) CISA
12 1 (0.10%) CISM
12 1 (0.10%) RHCE
12 1 (0.10%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (2.40%) QA
2 8 (0.80%) NIST
3 3 (0.30%) GDPR
4 2 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.20%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.20%) WCAG
5 1 (0.10%) HIPAA
5 1 (0.10%) NCSC
5 1 (0.10%) SLA
System Software
1 446 (44.69%) Docker
2 39 (3.91%) Active Directory
3 34 (3.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (2.10%) Virtual Machines
5 19 (1.90%) VMware ESXi
6 12 (1.20%) Hyper-V
7 9 (0.90%) vSphere
8 6 (0.60%) Varnish
9 5 (0.50%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 4 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 4 (0.40%) oVirt
10 4 (0.40%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.20%) etcd
11 2 (0.20%) NFS
11 2 (0.20%) vCloud
11 2 (0.20%) VirtualBox
12 1 (0.10%) Ceph
12 1 (0.10%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 545 (54.61%) Kubernetes
2 329 (32.97%) Ansible
3 88 (8.82%) Puppet
4 84 (8.42%) Opscode Chef
5 36 (3.61%) Packer
6 33 (3.31%) Consul
6 33 (3.31%) Prometheus
7 29 (2.91%) Grafana
8 16 (1.60%) Istio
8 16 (1.60%) Kibana
9 11 (1.10%) Docker Swarm
10 9 (0.90%) Mesos
10 9 (0.90%) Salt
11 8 (0.80%) Argo
11 8 (0.80%) logstash
12 7 (0.70%) Microsoft Clustering
13 6 (0.60%) Rancher
14 4 (0.40%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
14 4 (0.40%) Red Hat Satellite
14 4 (0.40%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 87 (8.72%) Microsoft
2 86 (8.62%) Google
3 56 (5.61%) VMware
4 39 (3.91%) Splunk
5 36 (3.61%) Bloomberg
6 33 (3.31%) Red Hat
7 16 (1.60%) Cisco
8 15 (1.50%) Oracle
9 13 (1.30%) Dell
10 12 (1.20%) Atlassian
10 12 (1.20%) Cloudera
11 11 (1.10%) HP
12 10 (1.00%) F5
12 10 (1.00%) Hortonworks
12 10 (1.00%) Palo Alto
13 9 (0.90%) MuleSoft
14 8 (0.80%) Dynatrace
14 8 (0.80%) NetApp
15 7 (0.70%) CheckPoint
15 7 (0.70%) IBM