Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
England > London
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 32 50 61
Rank change year-on-year +18 +11 +29
Contract jobs citing Terraform 1,917 787 1,692
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 6.38% 4.96% 4.19%
As % of the Systems Management category 36.27% 29.56% 26.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,436 603 1,181
10th Percentile £450 £425 £475
25th Percentile £488 £500 £519
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £575
Median % change year-on-year - -4.35% +2.22%
75th Percentile £669 £638 £650
90th Percentile £717 £713 £700
England median daily rate £550 £550 £565
% change year-on-year - -2.65% +2.73%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 5
Median hourly rate £80.00 - £70.00
England median hourly rate £61.50 £38.55 £70.00
% change year-on-year +59.55% -44.94% +7.69%

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 5,286 2,662 6,411
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.58% 16.77% 15.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,839 1,932 4,663
10th Percentile £406 £375 £350
25th Percentile £475 £450 £451
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +0.05% -0.05% +4.76%
75th Percentile £650 £613 £625
90th Percentile £713 £700 £700
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 27 75
10th Percentile £15.00 £12.42 £12.76
25th Percentile £19.07 £12.73 £17.23
Median hourly rate £25.25 £19.39 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +30.22% -7.67% -6.56%
75th Percentile £46.33 £38.11 £44.28
90th Percentile £65.00 £47.83 £50.00
England median hourly rate £21.00 £19.50 £18.80
% change year-on-year +7.69% +3.72% -1.05%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in London.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in London over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform in London.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform in London over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the London region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -35 131 £600 +4.30% 182
South London +21 28 £538 -2.27% 13
West London +22 26 £550 +37.50% 52
East London -1 2 £465 -13.08% 37
Terraform
England

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,163 (60.67%) DevOps
2 1,031 (53.78%) AWS
3 1,007 (52.53%) Kubernetes
4 842 (43.92%) Docker
5 737 (38.45%) Azure
6 652 (34.01%) Ansible
7 650 (33.91%) Python
8 643 (33.54%) Agile Software Development
9 544 (28.38%) Infrastructure as Code
10 510 (26.60%) Finance
11 457 (23.84%) Linux
12 433 (22.59%) Jenkins
13 408 (21.28%) Java
14 395 (20.61%) Serverless
15 390 (20.34%) JavaScript
16 373 (19.46%) GCP
17 352 (18.36%) Software Engineering
18 337 (17.58%) Node.js
19 303 (15.81%) React
20 300 (15.65%) AWS Lambda
21 295 (15.39%) Web Services
22 270 (14.08%) TypeScript
22 270 (14.08%) Full Stack Development
23 266 (13.88%) Amazon S3
24 263 (13.72%) Microservices
25 248 (12.94%) Bash Shell
26 233 (12.15%) Front Office
27 227 (11.84%) Asset Management
28 226 (11.79%) Investment Management
29 221 (11.53%) Amazon RDS

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (4.17%) Confluence
2 75 (3.91%) Apache Spark
3 64 (3.34%) Apache
4 49 (2.56%) Apache Airflow
5 35 (1.83%) nginx
6 29 (1.51%) Elasticsearch
7 22 (1.15%) SharePoint
8 20 (1.04%) Tomcat
9 18 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
10 14 (0.73%) WebSphere
11 11 (0.57%) WebSphere Application Server
12 10 (0.52%) OpenStack
13 8 (0.42%) CMS
14 6 (0.31%) Exchange Server 2013
14 6 (0.31%) WebLogic
15 5 (0.26%) Drupal
15 5 (0.26%) Mule
16 4 (0.21%) JBoss
16 4 (0.21%) Jupyter
16 4 (0.21%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 5 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.16%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.10%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.052%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 14 (0.73%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
3 2 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.052%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.052%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 1,031 (53.78%) AWS
2 737 (38.45%) Azure
3 395 (20.61%) Serverless
4 373 (19.46%) GCP
5 300 (15.65%) AWS Lambda
6 266 (13.88%) Amazon S3
7 210 (10.95%) PaaS
8 208 (10.85%) Amazon SQS
8 208 (10.85%) GitHub
9 178 (9.29%) AWS Step Functions
10 170 (8.87%) AWS CloudFormation
11 161 (8.40%) IaaS
12 101 (5.27%) Amazon EKS
13 76 (3.96%) Amazon EC2
14 74 (3.86%) SaaS
15 72 (3.76%) Amazon ECS
16 51 (2.66%) Route 53
17 49 (2.56%) OpenShift
18 47 (2.45%) Azure Functions
19 43 (2.24%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 64 (3.34%) Firewall
2 48 (2.50%) DNS
3 33 (1.72%) Network Security
4 32 (1.67%) VPN
5 29 (1.51%) SAN
6 25 (1.30%) Internet
7 21 (1.10%) NAS
7 21 (1.10%) WAN
8 19 (0.99%) SSL
9 18 (0.94%) Multicast
10 17 (0.89%) LAN
11 16 (0.83%) BGP
12 13 (0.68%) DHCP
12 13 (0.68%) Fibre Channel
12 13 (0.68%) iSCSI
12 13 (0.68%) TCP/IP
13 11 (0.57%) Cisco Nexus
13 11 (0.57%) FCoE
14 9 (0.47%) HTTP
15 8 (0.42%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 221 (11.53%) Amazon RDS
2 217 (11.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 105 (5.48%) Big Data
4 99 (5.16%) PostgreSQL
5 83 (4.33%) NoSQL
6 64 (3.34%) Hadoop
7 50 (2.61%) SQL Server
8 44 (2.30%) BigQuery
9 40 (2.09%) Azure SQL Database
10 39 (2.03%) Data Warehouse
11 37 (1.93%) MySQL
12 36 (1.88%) MongoDB
13 25 (1.30%) Data Lake
14 22 (1.15%) Apache Cassandra
14 22 (1.15%) Redis
15 20 (1.04%) HBase
16 19 (0.99%) Relational Database
17 17 (0.89%) Apache Hive
18 12 (0.63%) Snowflake Schema
18 12 (0.63%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 433 (22.59%) Jenkins
2 215 (11.22%) Git (software)
3 134 (6.99%) JIRA
4 123 (6.42%) GitLab
5 101 (5.27%) Maven
6 69 (3.60%) CircleCI
7 62 (3.23%) TeamCity
8 59 (3.08%) Gradle
9 48 (2.50%) Sonatype Nexus
10 42 (2.19%) Travis CI
11 39 (2.03%) Bitbucket
12 31 (1.62%) Cucumber
13 30 (1.56%) SonarQube
14 27 (1.41%) Visual Studio Team System
15 25 (1.30%) gulp
16 24 (1.25%) Octopus Deploy
17 18 (0.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 16 (0.83%) Artifactory
19 15 (0.78%) Selenium
20 14 (0.73%) Visual Studio
General
1 510 (26.60%) Finance
2 233 (12.15%) Front Office
3 186 (9.70%) Social Skills
4 118 (6.16%) Banking
5 104 (5.43%) Public Sector
6 55 (2.87%) Retail
7 46 (2.40%) Analytical Skills
8 34 (1.77%) Presentation Skills
9 31 (1.62%) Telecoms
10 27 (1.41%) Marketing
11 22 (1.15%) Investment Banking
12 18 (0.94%) Electronics
12 18 (0.94%) Influencing Skills
12 18 (0.94%) Manufacturing
13 17 (0.89%) Games
14 13 (0.68%) Financial Institution
14 13 (0.68%) iGaming
15 12 (0.63%) Publishing
16 9 (0.47%) Retail Banking
17 8 (0.42%) Law
Job Titles
1 663 (34.59%) DevOps Engineer
2 425 (22.17%) Developer
3 256 (13.35%) AWS Engineer
4 213 (11.11%) React Developer
5 210 (10.95%) Azure Engineer
6 190 (9.91%) Architect
7 173 (9.02%) AWS DevOps
8 163 (8.50%) Cloud Engineer
9 143 (7.46%) AWS Developer
10 140 (7.30%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 139 (7.25%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 124 (6.47%) Full Stack Developer
13 84 (4.38%) Cloud Architect
14 83 (4.33%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 80 (4.17%) Node.js Developer
16 79 (4.12%) Azure DevOps
16 79 (4.12%) JavaScript Developer
17 73 (3.81%) Senior DevOps
17 73 (3.81%) Software Engineer
18 71 (3.70%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 337 (17.58%) Node.js
2 303 (15.81%) React
3 295 (15.39%) Web Services
4 186 (9.70%) Material-UI
5 131 (6.83%) Kafka
6 120 (6.26%) .NET
7 80 (4.17%) Spring
8 78 (4.07%) REST
9 66 (3.44%) Spring Boot
10 57 (2.97%) .NET Core
11 52 (2.71%) GraphQL
12 38 (1.98%) Elastic Stack
13 34 (1.77%) YAML
14 27 (1.41%) JSON
15 25 (1.30%) AngularJS
16 23 (1.20%) Lambda Expressions
17 22 (1.15%) Vert.x
18 19 (0.99%) CSS
18 19 (0.99%) RESTful
19 16 (0.83%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 123 (6.42%) Cloud Native
2 103 (5.37%) Public Cloud
3 76 (3.96%) Data Centre
4 57 (2.97%) User Experience
5 41 (2.14%) Algorithms
6 38 (1.98%) Data Protection Act
7 35 (1.83%) Data Structures
8 29 (1.51%) Hybrid Cloud
9 28 (1.46%) Management Information System
10 27 (1.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 27 (1.41%) Greenfield Project
11 25 (1.30%) Mobile App
12 24 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
13 20 (1.04%) Hedge funds
14 16 (0.83%) Legacy Applications
14 16 (0.83%) Linux Command Line
15 13 (0.68%) Self-Motivation
16 11 (0.57%) Enterprise Cloud
16 11 (0.57%) PKI
17 9 (0.47%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 457 (23.84%) Linux
2 128 (6.68%) Windows
3 54 (2.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 51 (2.66%) Unix
5 35 (1.83%) Windows Server
6 34 (1.77%) CentOS
7 28 (1.46%) Ubuntu
8 21 (1.10%) Solaris
9 11 (0.57%) VMS
10 7 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
11 5 (0.26%) CoreOS
12 4 (0.21%) AIX
13 3 (0.16%) Apple iOS
13 3 (0.16%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.10%) Amazon Linux
14 2 (0.10%) Data ONTAP
14 2 (0.10%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.10%) Windows Server 2016
14 2 (0.10%) Windows Server 2019
15 1 (0.052%) Alpine Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,163 (60.67%) DevOps
2 643 (33.54%) Agile Software Development
3 544 (28.38%) Infrastructure as Code
4 352 (18.36%) Software Engineering
5 270 (14.08%) Full Stack Development
6 263 (13.72%) Microservices
7 227 (11.84%) Asset Management
8 226 (11.79%) Investment Management
9 173 (9.02%) Configuration Management
10 146 (7.62%) Open Source
11 138 (7.20%) Continuous Integration
12 131 (6.83%) Migration
13 119 (6.21%) Site Reliability Engineering
14 118 (6.16%) Scrum
15 110 (5.74%) TDD
16 104 (5.43%) Test Automation
17 103 (5.37%) Continuous Delivery
18 76 (3.96%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 75 (3.91%) Analytics
19 75 (3.91%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 650 (33.91%) Python
2 408 (21.28%) Java
3 390 (20.34%) JavaScript
4 270 (14.08%) TypeScript
5 248 (12.94%) Bash Shell
6 211 (11.01%) PowerShell
7 185 (9.65%) SQL
8 140 (7.30%) Go
9 128 (6.68%) C#
10 77 (4.02%) Ruby
11 62 (3.23%) Groovy
12 57 (2.97%) Kotlin
13 40 (2.09%) C++
14 36 (1.88%) Scala
15 33 (1.72%) Perl
16 32 (1.67%) PHP
16 32 (1.67%) Shell Script
17 29 (1.51%) C
18 14 (0.73%) Rust
19 13 (0.68%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 203 (10.59%) Security Cleared
2 173 (9.02%) SC Cleared
3 74 (3.86%) Degree
4 50 (2.61%) AWS Certification
5 30 (1.56%) DV Cleared
6 9 (0.47%) Computer Science Degree
7 7 (0.37%) CISSP
8 6 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.31%) CTC Cleared
8 6 (0.31%) ISEB
9 5 (0.26%) RHCE
10 4 (0.21%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.21%) RHCA
10 4 (0.21%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 3 (0.16%) DBS Check
11 3 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.10%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.10%) CISM
12 2 (0.10%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.10%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (1.98%) QA
2 9 (0.47%) GDPR
3 6 (0.31%) NCSC
3 6 (0.31%) SLA
4 4 (0.21%) Accessibility
4 4 (0.21%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.10%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.10%) WCAG
6 1 (0.052%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.052%) HL7
6 1 (0.052%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.052%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.052%) NIST
6 1 (0.052%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.052%) SOC 1
6 1 (0.052%) SOC 2
System Software
1 842 (43.92%) Docker
2 72 (3.76%) VMware Infrastructure
3 63 (3.29%) Active Directory
4 23 (1.20%) Virtual Machines
4 23 (1.20%) VMware ESXi
5 19 (0.99%) NFS
6 17 (0.89%) KVM
6 17 (0.89%) vSphere
7 16 (0.83%) HDFS
8 15 (0.78%) Hyper-V
9 11 (0.57%) SRDF
9 11 (0.57%) Xen
10 7 (0.37%) XenApp
10 7 (0.37%) XenDesktop
11 6 (0.31%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (0.26%) Squid
13 4 (0.21%) Microsoft App-V
13 4 (0.21%) Virtual Desktop
14 3 (0.16%) iptables
14 3 (0.16%) Slurm Workload Manager
Systems Management
1 1,007 (52.53%) Kubernetes
2 652 (34.01%) Ansible
3 182 (9.49%) Puppet
4 129 (6.73%) Opscode Chef
5 69 (3.60%) Prometheus
6 62 (3.23%) Packer
7 50 (2.61%) Istio
8 45 (2.35%) Grafana
9 21 (1.10%) vRealize
10 19 (0.99%) Kibana
11 17 (0.89%) Docker Swarm
11 17 (0.89%) Microsoft Intune
12 14 (0.73%) vRealize Orchestrator
12 14 (0.73%) ZABBIX
13 11 (0.57%) Consul
13 11 (0.57%) Nagios
13 11 (0.57%) Rancher
14 10 (0.52%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 10 (0.52%) Argo
15 9 (0.47%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 204 (10.64%) Microsoft
2 184 (9.60%) Google
3 100 (5.22%) VMware
4 69 (3.60%) Oracle
5 54 (2.82%) Databricks
6 42 (2.19%) Splunk
7 38 (1.98%) Red Hat
8 31 (1.62%) Cisco
9 26 (1.36%) SAP
10 25 (1.30%) New Relic
11 23 (1.20%) Cloudera
11 23 (1.20%) IBM
12 21 (1.10%) EMC
13 19 (0.99%) Hortonworks
14 17 (0.89%) Atlassian
14 17 (0.89%) Dynatrace
15 16 (0.83%) Dell
15 16 (0.83%) HP
15 16 (0.83%) NetApp
15 16 (0.83%) Palo Alto