Period
to 27 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
England > London
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 26 57 58
Rank change year-on-year +31 +1 +17
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,446 649 1,573
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 6.76% 4.53% 4.31%
As % of the Systems Management category 37.98% 27.11% 27.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,867 505 1,153
10th Percentile £456 £413 £475
25th Percentile £500 £475 £525
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £600
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% -8.33% +4.35%
75th Percentile £675 £619 £675
90th Percentile £725 £700 £713
England median daily rate £560 £525 £575
% change year-on-year +6.67% -8.70% +4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
Median hourly rate £61.50 - -
England median hourly rate £70.00 £40.75 £36.25
% change year-on-year +71.78% +12.41% -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 6,440 2,394 5,635
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.81% 16.72% 15.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,822 1,711 4,175
10th Percentile £413 £350 £338
25th Percentile £488 £425 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £570 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +8.57% -4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £665 £613 £631
90th Percentile £725 £700 £700
England median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 19 62
10th Percentile £15.95 £12.66 £12.44
25th Percentile £22.03 £12.76 £14.06
Median hourly rate £24.00 £19.39 £20.25
Median % change year-on-year +23.78% -4.25% +6.58%
75th Percentile £57.50 £28.77 £30.06
90th Percentile £63.55 £37.00 £47.45
England median hourly rate £20.00 £19.50 £18.75
% change year-on-year +2.56% +4.00% +7.14%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in London.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in London over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform in London.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform in London over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the London region over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +9 233 £625 +13.64% 218
South London +25 40 £550 +8.91% 11
West London +17 37 £608 -25.91% 55
East London -11 2 £465 -31.11% 43
Terraform
England

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,563 (63.90%) DevOps
2 1,391 (56.87%) AWS
3 1,314 (53.72%) Kubernetes
4 1,084 (44.32%) Docker
5 908 (37.12%) Azure
6 814 (33.28%) Python
7 807 (32.99%) Ansible
8 803 (32.83%) Agile Software Development
9 750 (30.66%) Infrastructure as Code
10 633 (25.88%) Jenkins
11 629 (25.72%) Finance
12 579 (23.67%) Linux
13 522 (21.34%) GCP
14 476 (19.46%) Java
15 467 (19.09%) JavaScript
16 445 (18.19%) Serverless
17 387 (15.82%) Software Engineering
18 386 (15.78%) Bash Shell
19 357 (14.60%) Web Services
20 352 (14.39%) Microservices
21 337 (13.78%) Node.js
22 336 (13.74%) AWS Lambda
23 307 (12.55%) React
24 306 (12.51%) PowerShell
25 304 (12.43%) Full Stack Development
26 298 (12.18%) TypeScript
27 294 (12.02%) Amazon S3
28 290 (11.86%) GitHub
29 286 (11.69%) AWS CloudFormation
30 262 (10.71%) Git (software)

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (4.01%) Confluence
2 83 (3.39%) Apache Spark
3 62 (2.53%) Elasticsearch
4 55 (2.25%) Apache
5 50 (2.04%) Apache Airflow
6 31 (1.27%) nginx
7 20 (0.82%) SharePoint
8 18 (0.74%) Tomcat
9 17 (0.70%) OpenStack
10 14 (0.57%) Cloud Foundry
11 13 (0.53%) WebSphere
12 11 (0.45%) Jupyter
13 9 (0.37%) IIS
14 8 (0.33%) Appian
15 7 (0.29%) WebLogic
15 7 (0.29%) WebSphere Application Server
16 6 (0.25%) Exchange Server 2013
16 6 (0.25%) Traefik
17 5 (0.20%) Mule
18 4 (0.16%) JBoss
Applications
1 12 (0.49%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.082%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 19 (0.78%) Sentinel
2 4 (0.16%) Cloudability
2 4 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.082%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.082%) TIBCO iProcess
4 1 (0.041%) JDE OneWorld
4 1 (0.041%) Magento
4 1 (0.041%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 1,391 (56.87%) AWS
2 908 (37.12%) Azure
3 522 (21.34%) GCP
4 445 (18.19%) Serverless
5 336 (13.74%) AWS Lambda
6 294 (12.02%) Amazon S3
7 290 (11.86%) GitHub
8 286 (11.69%) AWS CloudFormation
9 254 (10.38%) PaaS
10 217 (8.87%) Amazon SQS
11 191 (7.81%) AWS Step Functions
12 176 (7.20%) IaaS
13 153 (6.26%) Amazon EC2
14 136 (5.56%) Amazon EKS
15 131 (5.36%) Amazon ECS
16 93 (3.80%) SaaS
17 74 (3.03%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 71 (2.90%) GitHub Actions
19 64 (2.62%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 63 (2.58%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 87 (3.56%) Firewall
2 78 (3.19%) DNS
3 57 (2.33%) Network Security
4 48 (1.96%) VPN
5 35 (1.43%) SSL
6 34 (1.39%) BGP
6 34 (1.39%) TCP/IP
7 30 (1.23%) Internet
8 26 (1.06%) SAN
9 20 (0.82%) Reverse Proxy
10 18 (0.74%) WAN
11 16 (0.65%) HTTP
11 16 (0.65%) LAN
11 16 (0.65%) NAS
12 14 (0.57%) Multicast
13 13 (0.53%) OSPF
14 12 (0.49%) iSCSI
15 9 (0.37%) Kerberos
16 8 (0.33%) Fibre Channel
17 7 (0.29%) FCoE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 258 (10.55%) Amazon RDS
2 233 (9.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 130 (5.31%) Big Data
4 120 (4.91%) PostgreSQL
5 91 (3.72%) NoSQL
6 70 (2.86%) SQL Server
7 61 (2.49%) Hadoop
8 57 (2.33%) MongoDB
9 49 (2.00%) MySQL
10 45 (1.84%) BigQuery
11 39 (1.59%) Apache Cassandra
12 35 (1.43%) Data Lake
13 32 (1.31%) Data Warehouse
14 30 (1.23%) Relational Database
15 28 (1.14%) Amazon Redshift
15 28 (1.14%) Redis
16 27 (1.10%) Azure SQL Database
17 19 (0.78%) Apache Hive
18 16 (0.65%) Tableau
19 15 (0.61%) HBase
Development Applications
1 633 (25.88%) Jenkins
2 262 (10.71%) Git (software)
3 212 (8.67%) GitLab
4 163 (6.66%) JIRA
5 153 (6.26%) Maven
6 114 (4.66%) TeamCity
7 102 (4.17%) Gradle
8 97 (3.97%) CircleCI
9 74 (3.03%) Sonatype Nexus
10 60 (2.45%) Bitbucket
11 57 (2.33%) Terragrunt
12 53 (2.17%) Cucumber
13 48 (1.96%) SonarQube
14 37 (1.51%) Selenium
15 33 (1.35%) Artifactory
16 32 (1.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 32 (1.31%) Octopus Deploy
17 30 (1.23%) Travis CI
18 26 (1.06%) GoCD
19 22 (0.90%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 629 (25.72%) Finance
2 243 (9.93%) Social Skills
3 236 (9.65%) Front Office
4 139 (5.68%) Public Sector
5 134 (5.48%) Banking
6 69 (2.82%) Retail
7 54 (2.21%) Analytical Skills
8 36 (1.47%) Financial Institution
9 32 (1.31%) Telecoms
10 31 (1.27%) Presentation Skills
11 30 (1.23%) Legal
12 29 (1.19%) Investment Banking
13 27 (1.10%) Games
14 24 (0.98%) Law
15 20 (0.82%) Marketing
16 18 (0.74%) Retail Banking
17 16 (0.65%) Manufacturing
17 16 (0.65%) Publishing
18 14 (0.57%) Electronics
19 9 (0.37%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 876 (35.81%) DevOps Engineer
2 425 (17.38%) Developer
3 389 (15.90%) AWS Engineer
4 258 (10.55%) Azure Engineer
5 250 (10.22%) Architect
6 239 (9.77%) AWS DevOps
7 210 (8.59%) Cloud Engineer
8 194 (7.93%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 182 (7.44%) Software Engineer
10 166 (6.79%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 164 (6.70%) React Developer
12 124 (5.07%) Cloud Architect
13 104 (4.25%) Site Reliability Engineer
14 98 (4.01%) Azure DevOps
15 93 (3.80%) Azure Architect
15 93 (3.80%) Platform Engineer
16 91 (3.72%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 88 (3.60%) Full Stack Developer
18 87 (3.56%) Site Engineer
19 81 (3.31%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 357 (14.60%) Web Services
2 337 (13.78%) Node.js
3 307 (12.55%) React
4 203 (8.30%) Material-UI
5 171 (6.99%) Kafka
6 111 (4.54%) Spring
7 100 (4.09%) .NET
8 92 (3.76%) REST
9 81 (3.31%) Spring Boot
10 66 (2.70%) ARM Templates
11 60 (2.45%) Elastic Stack
12 54 (2.21%) YAML
13 53 (2.17%) CSS
14 48 (1.96%) AngularJS
15 46 (1.88%) HTML
16 40 (1.64%) GraphQL
17 38 (1.55%) .NET Core
18 36 (1.47%) JSON
19 27 (1.10%) SOAP
20 26 (1.06%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 156 (6.38%) Cloud Native
2 144 (5.89%) Public Cloud
3 92 (3.76%) Data Centre
4 67 (2.74%) Data Protection Act
5 52 (2.13%) User Experience
6 49 (2.00%) Greenfield Project
7 45 (1.84%) Hedge funds
8 34 (1.39%) Hybrid Cloud
9 32 (1.31%) Management Information System
10 30 (1.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 30 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
11 26 (1.06%) Algorithms
12 25 (1.02%) Fixed Income
13 24 (0.98%) Data Structures
14 23 (0.94%) Legacy Applications
15 22 (0.90%) Equities
16 19 (0.78%) Enterprise Cloud
17 18 (0.74%) Enterprise Software
17 18 (0.74%) PKI
18 16 (0.65%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 579 (23.67%) Linux
2 186 (7.60%) Windows
3 85 (3.48%) Unix
4 65 (2.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 30 (1.23%) Ubuntu
6 25 (1.02%) CentOS
6 25 (1.02%) Windows Server
7 13 (0.53%) Solaris
8 12 (0.49%) Windows Server 2012
9 11 (0.45%) Debian
10 9 (0.37%) Windows Server 2019
11 8 (0.33%) Windows Server 2016
12 7 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.20%) VMS
14 4 (0.16%) AIX
14 4 (0.16%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.12%) Amazon Linux
15 3 (0.12%) Apple iOS
15 3 (0.12%) Mac OS
16 2 (0.082%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,563 (63.90%) DevOps
2 803 (32.83%) Agile Software Development
3 750 (30.66%) Infrastructure as Code
4 387 (15.82%) Software Engineering
5 352 (14.39%) Microservices
6 304 (12.43%) Full Stack Development
7 244 (9.98%) Site Reliability Engineering
8 239 (9.77%) Asset Management
9 227 (9.28%) Investment Management
10 214 (8.75%) Configuration Management
11 187 (7.65%) Migration
12 164 (6.70%) Open Source
13 160 (6.54%) Continuous Integration
14 158 (6.46%) Scrum
15 151 (6.17%) TDD
16 147 (6.01%) Test Automation
17 122 (4.99%) Analytics
18 112 (4.58%) Continuous Delivery
19 110 (4.50%) Problem-Solving
20 104 (4.25%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 814 (33.28%) Python
2 476 (19.46%) Java
3 467 (19.09%) JavaScript
4 386 (15.78%) Bash Shell
5 306 (12.51%) PowerShell
6 298 (12.18%) TypeScript
7 234 (9.57%) SQL
8 194 (7.93%) Go
9 136 (5.56%) C#
10 109 (4.46%) Ruby
11 75 (3.07%) Groovy
12 62 (2.53%) Scala
13 54 (2.21%) Shell Script
14 44 (1.80%) PHP
15 42 (1.72%) C
16 37 (1.51%) C++
16 37 (1.51%) Kotlin
17 34 (1.39%) Perl
18 18 (0.74%) Java 8
19 13 (0.53%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 214 (8.75%) Security Cleared
2 186 (7.60%) SC Cleared
3 67 (2.74%) Degree
4 59 (2.41%) AWS Certification
5 22 (0.90%) DV Cleared
6 20 (0.82%) Computer Science Degree
7 11 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
8 10 (0.41%) Microsoft Certification
9 6 (0.25%) RHCE
10 5 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
11 4 (0.16%) CISSP
11 4 (0.16%) DBS Check
12 3 (0.12%) CCIE
12 3 (0.12%) Master's Degree
13 2 (0.082%) CCNP
13 2 (0.082%) MCSE
13 2 (0.082%) OCP
13 2 (0.082%) Oracle Certification
13 2 (0.082%) PMI Certification
13 2 (0.082%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (1.76%) GDPR
2 37 (1.51%) QA
3 11 (0.45%) Accessibility
3 11 (0.45%) SLA
4 6 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 6 (0.25%) NCSC
5 5 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 5 (0.20%) NIST
5 5 (0.20%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.16%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.082%) SOC 2
8 1 (0.041%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.041%) HL7
8 1 (0.041%) IFRS
8 1 (0.041%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.041%) SOC 1
System Software
1 1,084 (44.32%) Docker
2 103 (4.21%) Active Directory
3 82 (3.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (0.98%) NFS
5 23 (0.94%) VMware ESXi
6 21 (0.86%) vSphere
7 16 (0.65%) Hyper-V
7 16 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
8 13 (0.53%) HDFS
9 12 (0.49%) KVM
10 9 (0.37%) vCloud
11 8 (0.33%) Virtual Desktop
12 7 (0.29%) SRDF
12 7 (0.29%) Xen
13 6 (0.25%) Squid
13 6 (0.25%) XenApp
13 6 (0.25%) XenDesktop
14 5 (0.20%) VMware NSX
15 4 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 4 (0.16%) LXC
Systems Management
1 1,314 (53.72%) Kubernetes
2 807 (32.99%) Ansible
3 228 (9.32%) Puppet
4 142 (5.81%) Opscode Chef
4 142 (5.81%) Prometheus
5 102 (4.17%) Grafana
6 65 (2.66%) Packer
7 63 (2.58%) Istio
8 34 (1.39%) Kibana
9 25 (1.02%) Consul
10 24 (0.98%) Docker Swarm
11 22 (0.90%) Nagios
12 19 (0.78%) ZABBIX
13 15 (0.61%) vCenter Server
14 13 (0.53%) Argo
14 13 (0.53%) Icinga
15 11 (0.45%) HAProxy
16 9 (0.37%) logstash
16 9 (0.37%) Rancher
17 8 (0.33%) Salt
Vendors
1 250 (10.22%) Microsoft
2 214 (8.75%) Google
3 128 (5.23%) VMware
4 85 (3.48%) Splunk
5 76 (3.11%) Oracle
6 53 (2.17%) Databricks
7 52 (2.13%) Red Hat
8 42 (1.72%) Cisco
9 33 (1.35%) AppDynamics
10 32 (1.31%) Atlassian
11 26 (1.06%) New Relic
12 24 (0.98%) NetApp
13 23 (0.94%) Hortonworks
13 23 (0.94%) Palo Alto
14 22 (0.90%) IBM
15 19 (0.78%) Dynatrace
16 18 (0.74%) Dell
16 18 (0.74%) HP
17 17 (0.70%) Cloudera
18 16 (0.65%) MuleSoft