Period
to 14 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 14 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
England > London
6 months to
14 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 55 81 162
Rank change year-on-year +26 +81 +149
Contract jobs citing Terraform 1,683 1,430 726
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.33% 3.12% 1.65%
As % of the Systems Management category 27.97% 21.30% 13.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,150 1,104 581
London median daily rate £600 £561 £538
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.90% +4.42% +2.38%
10th Percentile £475 £475 £431
90th Percentile £713 £700 £650
England median daily rate £575 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +1.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 0
London median hourly rate £35.00 £65.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -46.15% - -
England median hourly rate £35.00 £65.00 -
% change year-on-year -46.15% - -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 6,018 6,715 5,339
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 15.48% 14.65% 12.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,300 4,967 3,843
London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £345 £323 £313
90th Percentile £700 £675 £638
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 80 74 47
London median hourly rate £21.00 £20.50 £27.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.44% -24.07% +42.11%
10th Percentile £12.76 £13.44 £12.80
90th Percentile £51.83 £46.92 £103.50
England median hourly rate £20.50 £18.60 £17.50
% change year-on-year +10.22% +6.29% -21.79%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Terraform as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Terraform in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform in London over the 6 months to 14 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform in London over the 6 months to 14 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the London region over the 6 months to 14 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +14 282 £575 - 96
South London +9 102 £550 +4.76% 29
East London +11 48 £600 +6.67% 14
West London +2 24 £538 -4.87% 24
North London +8 11 £538 -10.42% 6
Terraform
England

For the 6 months to 14 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,304 (77.48%) DevOps
2 1,106 (65.72%) AWS
3 895 (53.18%) Kubernetes
4 841 (49.97%) Docker
5 815 (48.43%) Ansible
6 687 (40.82%) Python
7 628 (37.31%) Agile Software Development
8 620 (36.84%) Jenkins
9 572 (33.99%) Linux
10 529 (31.43%) Java
11 443 (26.32%) Azure
12 416 (24.72%) Finance
13 404 (24.00%) Infrastructure as Code
14 330 (19.61%) GCP
14 330 (19.61%) Puppet
15 315 (18.72%) AWS CloudFormation
16 313 (18.60%) Git (software)
17 306 (18.18%) Serverless
18 303 (18.00%) Microservices
19 290 (17.23%) Web Services
20 281 (16.70%) AWS Lambda
21 275 (16.34%) Continuous Integration
22 274 (16.28%) Amazon S3
23 261 (15.51%) Amazon EC2
24 254 (15.09%) Configuration Management
25 252 (14.97%) Opscode Chef
26 249 (14.80%) Software Engineering
27 237 (14.08%) Amazon RDS
28 236 (14.02%) Bash Shell
29 235 (13.96%) JavaScript

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 120 (7.13%) Confluence
2 95 (5.64%) Elasticsearch
3 81 (4.81%) Apache
4 56 (3.33%) nginx
5 50 (2.97%) Apache Spark
6 25 (1.49%) OpenStack
7 22 (1.31%) Apache Airflow
8 17 (1.01%) Tomcat
9 16 (0.95%) SharePoint
10 15 (0.89%) IIS
11 11 (0.65%) Jupyter
12 9 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
13 7 (0.42%) SAS
14 5 (0.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 4 (0.24%) Apache Solr
15 4 (0.24%) Drupal
15 4 (0.24%) Umbraco
16 3 (0.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 2 (0.12%) CloudStack
17 2 (0.12%) Mongrel
Applications
1 11 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.18%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (0.59%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 7 (0.42%) Magento
3 4 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.059%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.059%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.059%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 1,106 (65.72%) AWS
2 443 (26.32%) Azure
3 330 (19.61%) GCP
4 315 (18.72%) AWS CloudFormation
5 306 (18.18%) Serverless
6 281 (16.70%) AWS Lambda
7 274 (16.28%) Amazon S3
8 261 (15.51%) Amazon EC2
9 197 (11.71%) Amazon ECS
10 172 (10.22%) Amazon SQS
11 150 (8.91%) OpenShift
12 117 (6.95%) GitHub
13 98 (5.82%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 88 (5.23%) PaaS
15 85 (5.05%) IaaS
16 74 (4.40%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 73 (4.34%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 63 (3.74%) Route 53
19 61 (3.62%) Datadog
20 55 (3.27%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 90 (5.35%) Firewall
2 54 (3.21%) VPN
3 35 (2.08%) TCP/IP
4 34 (2.02%) DNS
5 29 (1.72%) Network Security
6 26 (1.54%) HTTP
7 21 (1.25%) Intrusion Detection
8 20 (1.19%) WAN
9 17 (1.01%) SSL
10 11 (0.65%) FTP
11 9 (0.53%) Internet
12 8 (0.48%) Kerberos
13 6 (0.36%) AMQP
14 5 (0.30%) NetScaler
15 4 (0.24%) DHCP
16 3 (0.18%) DSL
16 3 (0.18%) SMTP
16 3 (0.18%) VLAN
17 2 (0.12%) Cisco IOS
17 2 (0.12%) IMAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 237 (14.08%) Amazon RDS
2 162 (9.63%) Big Data
3 155 (9.21%) Amazon Redshift
4 110 (6.54%) PostgreSQL
5 76 (4.52%) NoSQL
6 72 (4.28%) MySQL
7 69 (4.10%) Hadoop
7 69 (4.10%) SQL Server
8 61 (3.62%) MongoDB
8 61 (3.62%) Relational Database
9 58 (3.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 49 (2.91%) BigQuery
11 38 (2.26%) Data Warehouse
12 37 (2.20%) Redis
13 36 (2.14%) RDBMS
14 31 (1.84%) Amazon Athena
15 29 (1.72%) Apache Cassandra
16 15 (0.89%) InfluxDB
17 13 (0.77%) Blockchain
18 12 (0.71%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 620 (36.84%) Jenkins
2 313 (18.60%) Git (software)
3 213 (12.66%) JIRA
4 182 (10.81%) Artifactory
5 152 (9.03%) GitLab
6 78 (4.63%) Bitbucket
7 76 (4.52%) RStudio
8 67 (3.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 67 (3.98%) Sonatype Nexus
9 63 (3.74%) Visual Studio Team System
10 53 (3.15%) TeamCity
11 52 (3.09%) CircleCI
12 49 (2.91%) Travis CI
13 46 (2.73%) SonarQube
14 43 (2.55%) Maven
15 39 (2.32%) Selenium
16 31 (1.84%) Vagrant
17 24 (1.43%) Octopus Deploy
18 20 (1.19%) GoCD
19 17 (1.01%) Cucumber
General
1 416 (24.72%) Finance
2 97 (5.76%) Banking
3 79 (4.69%) Front Office
4 72 (4.28%) Public Sector
5 48 (2.85%) Retail
6 25 (1.49%) Marketing
7 21 (1.25%) Games
8 19 (1.13%) Law
9 18 (1.07%) Financial Institution
10 17 (1.01%) Telecoms
11 16 (0.95%) Manufacturing
12 14 (0.83%) Advertising
13 12 (0.71%) Electronics
14 9 (0.53%) Investment Banking
14 9 (0.53%) Legal
14 9 (0.53%) Retail Banking
15 7 (0.42%) Publishing
16 6 (0.36%) German Language
17 5 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
17 5 (0.30%) Police
Job Titles
1 797 (47.36%) DevOps Engineer
2 340 (20.20%) Developer
3 338 (20.08%) AWS Engineer
4 246 (14.62%) AWS DevOps
5 212 (12.60%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 202 (12.00%) Cloud Engineer
7 151 (8.97%) AWS Developer
8 113 (6.71%) Senior DevOps
9 109 (6.48%) Architect
10 108 (6.42%) Java Developer
11 101 (6.00%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 100 (5.94%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 94 (5.59%) Azure Engineer
14 80 (4.75%) Senior Developer
15 79 (4.69%) Platform Engineer
16 69 (4.10%) Data Engineer
17 67 (3.98%) JavaScript Developer
18 63 (3.74%) Azure DevOps
19 61 (3.62%) Angular Developer
20 60 (3.57%) Azure DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 290 (17.23%) Web Services
2 210 (12.48%) Node.js
3 168 (9.98%) Kafka
4 139 (8.26%) J2EE
5 108 (6.42%) AngularJS
6 90 (5.35%) Elastic Stack
7 76 (4.52%) React
8 58 (3.45%) .NET
9 57 (3.39%) Spring
10 54 (3.21%) REST
11 50 (2.97%) RESTful
12 49 (2.91%) J2SE
13 41 (2.44%) JSON
13 41 (2.44%) Spring Boot
14 39 (2.32%) Vue.js
15 32 (1.90%) CSS
16 31 (1.84%) PySpark
17 24 (1.43%) HTML
18 23 (1.37%) Hibernate
18 23 (1.37%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 81 (4.81%) Public Cloud
2 79 (4.69%) Fixed Income
3 78 (4.63%) Greenfield Project
4 76 (4.52%) Cloud Native
5 70 (4.16%) Data Centre
6 47 (2.79%) Linux Command Line
7 42 (2.50%) Analytical Skills
8 31 (1.84%) Hybrid Cloud
9 27 (1.60%) Mobile App
9 27 (1.60%) PKI
10 17 (1.01%) Enterprise Software
11 15 (0.89%) Derivative
12 14 (0.83%) Data Structures
13 13 (0.77%) Private Cloud
13 13 (0.77%) Self-Motivation
14 12 (0.71%) BYOD
14 12 (0.71%) Enterprise Cloud
15 11 (0.65%) Analytical Mindset
16 10 (0.59%) User Experience
17 9 (0.53%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 572 (33.99%) Linux
2 125 (7.43%) Windows
3 112 (6.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 72 (4.28%) Unix
5 50 (2.97%) CentOS
6 30 (1.78%) Ubuntu
6 30 (1.78%) Windows Server
7 19 (1.13%) Apple iOS
8 17 (1.01%) Android
9 10 (0.59%) CoreOS
10 5 (0.30%) Mesosphere
10 5 (0.30%) Solaris
11 3 (0.18%) Debian
11 3 (0.18%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.12%) DC/OS
12 2 (0.12%) Fedora
12 2 (0.12%) FreeBSD
12 2 (0.12%) VMS
12 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
13 1 (0.059%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,304 (77.48%) DevOps
2 628 (37.31%) Agile Software Development
3 404 (24.00%) Infrastructure as Code
4 303 (18.00%) Microservices
5 275 (16.34%) Continuous Integration
6 254 (15.09%) Configuration Management
7 249 (14.80%) Software Engineering
8 198 (11.76%) Migration
9 165 (9.80%) Open Source
10 150 (8.91%) Scrum
11 145 (8.62%) Asset Management
12 115 (6.83%) TDD
13 110 (6.54%) Continuous Delivery
14 108 (6.42%) Test Automation
15 104 (6.18%) Deployment Automation
16 94 (5.59%) Fintech
17 90 (5.35%) Decision-Making
18 80 (4.75%) Kanban
19 79 (4.69%) Analytics
20 78 (4.63%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 687 (40.82%) Python
2 529 (31.43%) Java
3 236 (14.02%) Bash Shell
4 235 (13.96%) JavaScript
5 170 (10.10%) Go
6 167 (9.92%) Ruby
7 130 (7.72%) SQL
8 129 (7.66%) PowerShell
9 71 (4.22%) Scala
10 69 (4.10%) Java 8
11 68 (4.04%) Shell Script
12 55 (3.27%) C#
13 54 (3.21%) Groovy
14 50 (2.97%) Perl
15 40 (2.38%) TypeScript
16 34 (2.02%) PHP
17 30 (1.78%) ES6
18 15 (0.89%) R
19 12 (0.71%) C
20 10 (0.59%) C++
Qualifications
1 225 (13.37%) Security Cleared
2 188 (11.17%) SC Cleared
3 100 (5.94%) AWS Certification
4 32 (1.90%) Degree
5 14 (0.83%) Computer Science Degree
6 9 (0.53%) CTC Cleared
6 9 (0.53%) DBS Check
6 9 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
7 7 (0.42%) Master's Degree
8 6 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (0.30%) CISSP
10 3 (0.18%) CCA
10 3 (0.18%) CHECK Team Member
11 2 (0.12%) CISM
11 2 (0.12%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.12%) GIAC
11 2 (0.12%) TOGAF Certification
12 1 (0.059%) CEH
12 1 (0.059%) CGEIT
12 1 (0.059%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (1.54%) QA
2 10 (0.59%) NIST
3 7 (0.42%) GDPR
3 7 (0.42%) NCSC
4 3 (0.18%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.12%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.059%) COBIT
6 1 (0.059%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.059%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.059%) PMO
6 1 (0.059%) SLA
6 1 (0.059%) WCAG
System Software
1 841 (49.97%) Docker
2 51 (3.03%) Active Directory
3 27 (1.60%) Virtual Machines
4 21 (1.25%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (0.53%) VirtualBox
6 8 (0.48%) HDFS
6 8 (0.48%) XenApp
7 7 (0.42%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.36%) Apache Flume
9 5 (0.30%) Microsoft App-V
9 5 (0.30%) Virtual Desktop
9 5 (0.30%) XenDesktop
10 4 (0.24%) KVM
10 4 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
11 3 (0.18%) oVirt
11 3 (0.18%) vSphere
12 2 (0.12%) etcd
12 2 (0.12%) Varnish
12 2 (0.12%) Xen
13 1 (0.059%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 895 (53.18%) Kubernetes
2 815 (48.43%) Ansible
3 330 (19.61%) Puppet
4 252 (14.97%) Opscode Chef
5 134 (7.96%) Packer
6 120 (7.13%) Consul
7 54 (3.21%) Prometheus
8 46 (2.73%) Grafana
9 42 (2.50%) Salt
10 36 (2.14%) Kibana
11 34 (2.02%) Docker Swarm
11 34 (2.02%) logstash
12 26 (1.54%) Mesos
13 22 (1.31%) ZABBIX
14 17 (1.01%) Graphite
14 17 (1.01%) Istio
15 12 (0.71%) Marathon
15 12 (0.71%) Nagios
16 7 (0.42%) Rancher
16 7 (0.42%) SCCM
Vendors
1 197 (11.71%) Google
2 100 (5.94%) Microsoft
3 88 (5.23%) Red Hat
4 69 (4.10%) Splunk
5 61 (3.62%) Atlassian
6 43 (2.55%) New Relic
7 34 (2.02%) VMware
8 31 (1.84%) SaltStack
9 21 (1.25%) Oracle
10 20 (1.19%) Hortonworks
11 18 (1.07%) SAP
12 15 (0.89%) Cloudera
12 15 (0.89%) Databricks
13 12 (0.71%) MuleSoft
13 12 (0.71%) ServiceNow
13 12 (0.71%) Veracode
14 11 (0.65%) IBM
14 11 (0.65%) Sparx
15 10 (0.59%) Citrix
15 10 (0.59%) F5