Period
to 13 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 13 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
England > London
6 months to
13 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 56 67 143
Rank change year-on-year +11 +76 +91
Contract jobs citing Terraform 1,396 1,848 959
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.12% 3.94% 2.02%
As % of the Systems Management category 27.36% 24.78% 16.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,032 1,451 792
London median daily rate £600 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
10th Percentile £475 £463 £435
90th Percentile £725 £688 £650
England median daily rate £575 £550 £535
% change year-on-year +4.55% +2.80% +3.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 0
London median hourly rate £35.00 £99.75 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -64.91% - -
England median hourly rate £35.00 £90.00 -
% change year-on-year -61.11% - -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 5,102 7,458 5,984
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 15.06% 15.89% 12.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,708 5,550 4,424
London median daily rate £550 £538 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.33% +4.88% +5.67%
10th Percentile £313 £350 £313
90th Percentile £700 £675 £638
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 60 81 59
London median hourly rate £20.75 £19.00 £25.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.21% -25.49% +41.67%
10th Percentile £12.44 £13.31 £11.96
90th Percentile £49.31 £45.87 £165.00
England median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £17.44
% change year-on-year +2.86% +0.36% -15.88%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Terraform as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Terraform in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform in London over the 6 months to 13 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Terraform in London

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the London region over the 6 months to 13 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +5 271 £600 +4.35% 119
South London -11 86 £563 +2.27% 23
East London +8 42 £600 +4.35% 24
West London -3 15 £469 -17.76% 29
North London +9 3 £603 +0.42% 3
Terraform
England

For the 6 months to 13 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,063 (76.15%) DevOps
2 764 (54.73%) AWS
3 703 (50.36%) Kubernetes
4 644 (46.13%) Docker
5 629 (45.06%) Ansible
6 547 (39.18%) Python
7 509 (36.46%) Jenkins
8 484 (34.67%) Agile Software Development
9 448 (32.09%) Linux
10 431 (30.87%) Azure
11 367 (26.29%) Infrastructure as Code
12 333 (23.85%) Java
13 298 (21.35%) GCP
14 266 (19.05%) Microservices
14 266 (19.05%) Git (software)
15 264 (18.91%) Finance
16 245 (17.55%) Puppet
17 232 (16.62%) Security Cleared
18 221 (15.83%) AWS CloudFormation
19 212 (15.19%) Continuous Integration
20 203 (14.54%) SC Cleared
21 199 (14.26%) Opscode Chef
22 189 (13.54%) Configuration Management
23 182 (13.04%) JavaScript
24 181 (12.97%) Google
25 175 (12.54%) JIRA
26 169 (12.11%) Web Services
27 168 (12.03%) Serverless
28 166 (11.89%) Node.js
29 159 (11.39%) Migration

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (7.02%) Confluence
2 83 (5.95%) Elasticsearch
3 45 (3.22%) Apache
4 44 (3.15%) nginx
5 43 (3.08%) OpenStack
6 37 (2.65%) Apache Spark
7 24 (1.72%) Apache Airflow
8 16 (1.15%) Cloud Foundry
8 16 (1.15%) Tomcat
9 14 (1.00%) Jupyter
10 12 (0.86%) IIS
11 8 (0.57%) SAS
12 7 (0.50%) JBoss
13 3 (0.21%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 3 (0.21%) SharePoint
13 3 (0.21%) WebSphere
14 2 (0.14%) Commerce Server
14 2 (0.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 2 (0.14%) WebLogic
15 1 (0.072%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 1 (0.072%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.072%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.072%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (0.72%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
3 3 (0.21%) Magento
4 2 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.072%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.072%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 764 (54.73%) AWS
2 431 (30.87%) Azure
3 298 (21.35%) GCP
4 221 (15.83%) AWS CloudFormation
5 168 (12.03%) Serverless
6 150 (10.74%) AWS Lambda
7 137 (9.81%) Amazon EC2
8 123 (8.81%) Amazon S3
9 109 (7.81%) Amazon ECS
10 97 (6.95%) GitHub
11 94 (6.73%) OpenShift
12 72 (5.16%) Amazon SQS
13 70 (5.01%) PaaS
14 57 (4.08%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 50 (3.58%) Datadog
16 47 (3.37%) IaaS
17 44 (3.15%) Route 53
18 43 (3.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 42 (3.01%) Amazon EKS
20 33 (2.36%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 66 (4.73%) Firewall
2 44 (3.15%) VPN
3 37 (2.65%) DNS
4 28 (2.01%) TCP/IP
5 26 (1.86%) HTTP
6 21 (1.50%) SSL
7 8 (0.57%) FTP
7 8 (0.57%) Internet
8 7 (0.50%) DHCP
8 7 (0.50%) Reverse Proxy
9 6 (0.43%) WAN
10 5 (0.36%) NetScaler
10 5 (0.36%) Network Security
10 5 (0.36%) VLAN
11 4 (0.29%) LAN
11 4 (0.29%) SAN
11 4 (0.29%) SMTP
12 3 (0.21%) DSL
12 3 (0.21%) Intrusion Detection
12 3 (0.21%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 98 (7.02%) Amazon RDS
2 88 (6.30%) Big Data
3 73 (5.23%) PostgreSQL
4 72 (5.16%) Amazon Redshift
5 62 (4.44%) NoSQL
6 50 (3.58%) BigQuery
7 49 (3.51%) Hadoop
8 45 (3.22%) MySQL
9 44 (3.15%) MongoDB
10 36 (2.58%) SQL Server
11 35 (2.51%) Relational Database
12 30 (2.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 30 (2.15%) Data Warehouse
13 22 (1.58%) Redis
14 18 (1.29%) Amazon Athena
14 18 (1.29%) Apache Cassandra
15 17 (1.22%) RDBMS
16 14 (1.00%) Neo4j
17 11 (0.79%) Parquet
18 10 (0.72%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 509 (36.46%) Jenkins
2 266 (19.05%) Git (software)
3 175 (12.54%) JIRA
4 80 (5.73%) Artifactory
5 73 (5.23%) GitLab
6 68 (4.87%) CircleCI
7 63 (4.51%) Sonatype Nexus
8 57 (4.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 56 (4.01%) Visual Studio Team System
10 47 (3.37%) Bitbucket
10 47 (3.37%) SonarQube
11 46 (3.30%) Maven
12 36 (2.58%) TeamCity
13 35 (2.51%) Selenium
14 26 (1.86%) Octopus Deploy
14 26 (1.86%) RStudio
15 25 (1.79%) Travis CI
15 25 (1.79%) Vagrant
16 22 (1.58%) Gradle
17 21 (1.50%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 264 (18.91%) Finance
2 96 (6.88%) Banking
3 56 (4.01%) Public Sector
4 45 (3.22%) Front Office
5 39 (2.79%) Retail
6 18 (1.29%) Investment Banking
7 17 (1.22%) Marketing
8 15 (1.07%) Law
9 12 (0.86%) Games
10 10 (0.72%) Legal
11 9 (0.64%) Manufacturing
11 9 (0.64%) Telecoms
12 8 (0.57%) Financial Institution
12 8 (0.57%) Publishing
13 7 (0.50%) Electronics
13 7 (0.50%) Retail Banking
14 5 (0.36%) Police
15 4 (0.29%) Advertising
15 4 (0.29%) Automotive
15 4 (0.29%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 702 (50.29%) DevOps Engineer
2 239 (17.12%) AWS Engineer
3 221 (15.83%) Developer
4 194 (13.90%) AWS DevOps
5 174 (12.46%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 139 (9.96%) Cloud Engineer
7 105 (7.52%) Azure Engineer
8 98 (7.02%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 98 (7.02%) Senior DevOps
9 90 (6.45%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 75 (5.37%) Java Developer
11 74 (5.30%) Azure DevOps
12 70 (5.01%) Architect
13 69 (4.94%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 67 (4.80%) Senior Developer
15 65 (4.66%) Python Engineer
16 54 (3.87%) AWS Developer
16 54 (3.87%) Data Engineer
17 41 (2.94%) Platform Engineer
18 33 (2.36%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 169 (12.11%) Web Services
2 166 (11.89%) Node.js
3 110 (7.88%) Kafka
4 83 (5.95%) Elastic Stack
5 57 (4.08%) Spring
6 51 (3.65%) React
7 49 (3.51%) AngularJS
8 46 (3.30%) .NET
9 44 (3.15%) REST
10 39 (2.79%) J2EE
10 39 (2.79%) JSON
11 33 (2.36%) RESTful
12 31 (2.22%) Spring Boot
13 29 (2.08%) Redux
14 27 (1.93%) CSS
15 24 (1.72%) GraphQL
16 23 (1.65%) Apache Beam
17 22 (1.58%) J2SE
17 22 (1.58%) PySpark
18 20 (1.43%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 103 (7.38%) Greenfield Project
2 55 (3.94%) Public Cloud
3 45 (3.22%) Fixed Income
4 44 (3.15%) Cloud Native
5 43 (3.08%) Analytical Skills
6 38 (2.72%) Data Centre
6 38 (2.72%) Linux Command Line
7 23 (1.65%) Data Structures
8 22 (1.58%) Algorithms
9 20 (1.43%) Derivative
9 20 (1.43%) Mobile App
10 19 (1.36%) User Experience
11 16 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
11 16 (1.15%) Self-Motivation
12 14 (1.00%) PKI
13 13 (0.93%) Hybrid Cloud
13 13 (0.93%) Private Cloud
14 12 (0.86%) Replication
15 10 (0.72%) Equities
16 8 (0.57%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 448 (32.09%) Linux
2 127 (9.10%) Windows
3 77 (5.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 58 (4.15%) Unix
5 50 (3.58%) Ubuntu
6 29 (2.08%) CentOS
7 23 (1.65%) Windows Server
8 13 (0.93%) CoreOS
9 12 (0.86%) Android
9 12 (0.86%) Apple iOS
10 10 (0.72%) Debian
11 7 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
12 5 (0.36%) Solaris
13 4 (0.29%) Mac OS
14 3 (0.21%) DC/OS
15 2 (0.14%) Mesosphere
15 2 (0.14%) Windows 10
15 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
16 1 (0.072%) AIX
16 1 (0.072%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,063 (76.15%) DevOps
2 484 (34.67%) Agile Software Development
3 367 (26.29%) Infrastructure as Code
4 266 (19.05%) Microservices
5 212 (15.19%) Continuous Integration
6 189 (13.54%) Configuration Management
7 159 (11.39%) Migration
8 138 (9.89%) Software Engineering
9 105 (7.52%) Test Automation
10 98 (7.02%) Scrum
10 98 (7.02%) TDD
11 96 (6.88%) Continuous Delivery
12 87 (6.23%) Open Source
13 83 (5.95%) Fintech
14 74 (5.30%) Analytics
15 72 (5.16%) DevSecOps
16 69 (4.94%) Kanban
17 61 (4.37%) E-Commerce
18 58 (4.15%) Site Reliability Engineering
19 52 (3.72%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 547 (39.18%) Python
2 333 (23.85%) Java
3 182 (13.04%) JavaScript
4 155 (11.10%) Bash Shell
5 143 (10.24%) Go
6 137 (9.81%) Ruby
7 120 (8.60%) PowerShell
8 108 (7.74%) SQL
9 66 (4.73%) Groovy
10 62 (4.44%) Shell Script
11 61 (4.37%) C#
11 61 (4.37%) Scala
12 56 (4.01%) Java 8
13 46 (3.30%) TypeScript
14 40 (2.87%) Perl
15 35 (2.51%) R
16 22 (1.58%) ES6
17 20 (1.43%) PHP
18 8 (0.57%) C++
19 7 (0.50%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 232 (16.62%) Security Cleared
2 203 (14.54%) SC Cleared
3 54 (3.87%) AWS Certification
4 37 (2.65%) Degree
5 24 (1.72%) Microsoft Certification
6 16 (1.15%) Computer Science Degree
7 15 (1.07%) MCSA
8 8 (0.57%) DBS Check
9 7 (0.50%) CTC Cleared
9 7 (0.50%) Master's Degree
10 6 (0.43%) CISSP
11 5 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
11 5 (0.36%) MCSE
12 4 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
13 3 (0.21%) CCA
13 3 (0.21%) CCNA
13 3 (0.21%) CISM
13 3 (0.21%) SANS
14 2 (0.14%) CISA
14 2 (0.14%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (1.79%) QA
2 8 (0.57%) NCSC
2 8 (0.57%) NIST
3 7 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.36%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.29%) GDPR
6 3 (0.21%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.072%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.072%) PMO
7 1 (0.072%) PSD2
7 1 (0.072%) WCAG
System Software
1 644 (46.13%) Docker
2 25 (1.79%) VMware Infrastructure
3 23 (1.65%) Active Directory
4 19 (1.36%) Virtual Machines
5 11 (0.79%) VirtualBox
6 7 (0.50%) vSphere
7 6 (0.43%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.36%) Microsoft App-V
8 5 (0.36%) Virtual Desktop
8 5 (0.36%) XenApp
8 5 (0.36%) XenDesktop
9 4 (0.29%) KVM
10 3 (0.21%) NFS
10 3 (0.21%) OpenAM
10 3 (0.21%) OpenDJ
10 3 (0.21%) OpenIDM
10 3 (0.21%) oVirt
10 3 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.21%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.14%) Xen
Systems Management
1 703 (50.36%) Kubernetes
2 629 (45.06%) Ansible
3 245 (17.55%) Puppet
4 199 (14.26%) Opscode Chef
5 109 (7.81%) Packer
6 96 (6.88%) Consul
7 53 (3.80%) Prometheus
8 35 (2.51%) Docker Swarm
9 33 (2.36%) Grafana
10 31 (2.22%) logstash
11 29 (2.08%) Kibana
12 27 (1.93%) Salt
13 23 (1.65%) Istio
14 20 (1.43%) Mesos
15 18 (1.29%) ZABBIX
16 13 (0.93%) Nagios
17 12 (0.86%) Graphite
18 8 (0.57%) Rancher
19 7 (0.50%) Marathon
19 7 (0.50%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 181 (12.97%) Google
2 65 (4.66%) Red Hat
3 64 (4.58%) Microsoft
4 59 (4.23%) Splunk
5 33 (2.36%) VMware
6 27 (1.93%) New Relic
7 22 (1.58%) SaltStack
8 19 (1.36%) Atlassian
8 19 (1.36%) F5
9 17 (1.22%) Cloudera
9 17 (1.22%) Databricks
9 17 (1.22%) Hortonworks
9 17 (1.22%) Oracle
10 11 (0.79%) Sparx
11 10 (0.72%) MuleSoft
11 10 (0.72%) Veracode
12 9 (0.64%) Cisco
12 9 (0.64%) IBM
13 8 (0.57%) Citrix
13 8 (0.57%) Informatica