Period
to 26 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 26 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK
6 months to
26 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 787 809 760
Rank change year-on-year +22 -49 -64
Contract jobs citing KVM 62 65 85
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.068% 0.065% 0.093%
As % of the System Software category 0.44% 0.47% 0.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 38 43 65
UK median daily rate £489 £420 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +16.37% -6.67% -
10th Percentile £358 £211 £352
90th Percentile £550 £625 £571
UK excluding London median daily rate £482 £388 £450
% change year-on-year +24.49% -13.89% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 1
UK median hourly rate - £17.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -32.00% -16.67%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £17.00 -

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 14,137 13,873 10,302
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.51% 13.77% 11.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,360 8,943 6,595
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +7.14% +5.00%
10th Percentile £181 £185 £163
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 612 832 656
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £16.00 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - -
10th Percentile £11.10 £11.00 £10.13
90th Percentile £47.50 £45.83 £46.95
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.80 £15.63 £15.13
% change year-on-year +1.07% +3.36% -5.47%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing KVM as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing KVM.

Contractor daily rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing KVM over the 6 months to 26 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM.

Contractor hourly rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Top 11 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the UK over the 6 months to 26 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +11 59 £485 +15.48%
UK excluding London +28 32 £482 +24.49% 1
London +31 30 £500 -5.66%
South East +3 16 £483 +302.33%
North of England +21 8 £365 -13.10%
North East - 5 £365 -
Yorkshire +14 3 - -
South West - 3 £500 -
East of England +2 2 - -
Scotland - 2 - - 1
Wales - 1 £500 -

For the 6 months to 26 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for KVM.

1 54 (87.10%) Linux
2 45 (72.58%) VMware
3 41 (66.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (50.00%) Microsoft
5 28 (45.16%) Windows
5 28 (45.16%) Python
6 26 (41.94%) Docker
7 24 (38.71%) Ansible
8 23 (37.10%) Perl
9 22 (35.48%) Red Hat
9 22 (35.48%) Opscode Chef
10 21 (33.87%) Unix
11 20 (32.26%) Bash Shell
12 19 (30.65%) Puppet
12 19 (30.65%) DevOps
13 18 (29.03%) Git (software)
13 18 (29.03%) Cisco
14 17 (27.42%) MySQL
14 17 (27.42%) PowerShell
15 16 (25.81%) Java
15 16 (25.81%) Solaris
16 15 (24.19%) Active Directory
16 15 (24.19%) EMC
16 15 (24.19%) Firewall
17 14 (22.58%) ITIL
17 14 (22.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 14 (22.58%) Windows Server
18 13 (20.97%) Ruby
19 12 (19.35%) Hyper-V
19 12 (19.35%) LDAP

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (16.13%) Apache
1 10 (16.13%) OpenStack
2 9 (14.52%) nginx
3 7 (11.29%) lighttpd
4 6 (9.68%) IIS
5 3 (4.84%) Exchange Server 2010
5 3 (4.84%) MS Exchange
6 2 (3.23%) Jetty
6 2 (3.23%) Mongrel
6 2 (3.23%) Tomcat
6 2 (3.23%) WebSphere
7 1 (1.61%) Elasticsearch
Business Applications
1 2 (3.23%) Eloqua
Cloud Services
1 7 (11.29%) Amazon AWS
1 7 (11.29%) GitHub
2 5 (8.06%) Cloud Computing
3 4 (6.45%) Google Cloud Platform
3 4 (6.45%) Microsoft Azure
3 4 (6.45%) OpenShift
4 3 (4.84%) Google App Engine
4 3 (4.84%) Mimecast
4 3 (4.84%) Rackspace Cloud
5 2 (3.23%) SaaS
6 1 (1.61%) IaaS
6 1 (1.61%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 15 (24.19%) Firewall
2 9 (14.52%) Cisco ASA
3 8 (12.90%) LAN
3 8 (12.90%) VLAN
4 7 (11.29%) NetScaler
5 6 (9.68%) BIG-IP
5 6 (9.68%) Cisco Nexus
5 6 (9.68%) DNS
5 6 (9.68%) VPN
6 5 (8.06%) MPLS
6 5 (8.06%) WAN
7 4 (6.45%) SAN
8 3 (4.84%) ADSL
8 3 (4.84%) DHCP
8 3 (4.84%) Extranet
8 3 (4.84%) HTTP
8 3 (4.84%) NAS
8 3 (4.84%) PBX
8 3 (4.84%) Remote Desktop
8 3 (4.84%) VXLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (27.42%) MySQL
2 9 (14.52%) NoSQL
3 7 (11.29%) PostgreSQL
3 7 (11.29%) Relational Database
3 7 (11.29%) SQL Server
4 5 (8.06%) MariaDB
5 3 (4.84%) Apache Cassandra
5 3 (4.84%) Oracle Database
5 3 (4.84%) Oracle Database 10g
5 3 (4.84%) Oracle Database 11g
5 3 (4.84%) Oracle Database 12c
6 2 (3.23%) MongoDB
7 1 (1.61%) Big Data
7 1 (1.61%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 18 (29.03%) Git (software)
2 8 (12.90%) Jenkins
3 6 (9.68%) Sonatype Nexus
4 5 (8.06%) Bitbucket
4 5 (8.06%) TeamCity
5 4 (6.45%) Maven
6 3 (4.84%) Ant
6 3 (4.84%) Mercurial
6 3 (4.84%) MSBuild
6 3 (4.84%) Subversion
7 2 (3.23%) Team Foundation Server
8 1 (1.61%) IBM UrbanCode
8 1 (1.61%) JIRA
8 1 (1.61%) Visual Studio
General
1 10 (16.13%) Banking
2 5 (8.06%) Finance
3 3 (4.84%) Telecoms
4 1 (1.61%) Financial Institution
4 1 (1.61%) Investment Banking
4 1 (1.61%) Marketing
4 1 (1.61%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 15 (24.19%) Administrator
1 15 (24.19%) Systems Administrator
2 9 (14.52%) Network Engineer
3 8 (12.90%) Platform Engineer
4 6 (9.68%) Linux Administrator
4 6 (9.68%) Linux Systems Administrator
4 6 (9.68%) Unix Administrator
4 6 (9.68%) Unix Systems Administrator
5 5 (8.06%) Cisco Engineer
5 5 (8.06%) Cisco Network Engineer
6 4 (6.45%) Architect
6 4 (6.45%) AWS Engineer
6 4 (6.45%) Cloud Engineer
6 4 (6.45%) DevOps Engineer
6 4 (6.45%) Senior Systems Administrator
6 4 (6.45%) Senior Unix Administrator
6 4 (6.45%) Senior Unix Systems Administrator
6 4 (6.45%) Technical Design Authority
6 4 (6.45%) Unix Architect
7 3 (4.84%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 12 (19.35%) LDAP
2 7 (11.29%) LAMP
2 7 (11.29%) LAPP Stack
2 7 (11.29%) LEMP Stack
3 4 (6.45%) REST
4 3 (4.84%) JRuby
4 3 (4.84%) Oracle GoldenGate
4 3 (4.84%) Servlets
5 2 (3.23%) ActiveMQ
5 2 (3.23%) Elastic Stack
5 2 (3.23%) Kafka
5 2 (3.23%) Node.js
5 2 (3.23%) RabbitMQ
5 2 (3.23%) RESTful
5 2 (3.23%) Sensu
5 2 (3.23%) WebRTC
6 1 (1.61%) Ajax
6 1 (1.61%) HTML
6 1 (1.61%) Java EE
6 1 (1.61%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 10 (16.13%) HACMP
2 9 (14.52%) Data Centre
3 8 (12.90%) Private Cloud
4 7 (11.29%) Replication
5 5 (8.06%) Public Cloud
6 4 (6.45%) Clustering
7 3 (4.84%) Analytical Skills
7 3 (4.84%) Handset
7 3 (4.84%) IVR
8 2 (3.23%) e-Learning
8 2 (3.23%) Linux Command Line
8 2 (3.23%) Virtual Team
9 1 (1.61%) Algorithms
9 1 (1.61%) Data Structures
9 1 (1.61%) Derivative
9 1 (1.61%) Device Driver
9 1 (1.61%) Hedge funds
9 1 (1.61%) PKI
9 1 (1.61%) Self-Motivation
9 1 (1.61%) VxBlock/Vblock
Operating Systems
1 54 (87.10%) Linux
2 28 (45.16%) Windows
3 21 (33.87%) Unix
4 16 (25.81%) Solaris
5 14 (22.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 14 (22.58%) Windows Server
6 10 (16.13%) CentOS
6 10 (16.13%) Debian
7 8 (12.90%) Ubuntu
8 7 (11.29%) SUSE
9 4 (6.45%) Windows Server 2008
9 4 (6.45%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (4.84%) Fedora
10 3 (4.84%) Windows 7
11 2 (3.23%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (1.61%) Data ONTAP
12 1 (1.61%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 19 (30.65%) DevOps
2 14 (22.58%) ITIL
3 12 (19.35%) Configuration Management
4 9 (14.52%) Migration
5 8 (12.90%) Open Source
6 7 (11.29%) Mentoring
7 6 (9.68%) Agile Software Development
7 6 (9.68%) Project Roadmap
8 5 (8.06%) Kalman Filter
9 4 (6.45%) Continuous Integration
9 4 (6.45%) E-Commerce
9 4 (6.45%) Information Security
9 4 (6.45%) Infrastructure Automation
9 4 (6.45%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 4 (6.45%) Load Balancing
9 4 (6.45%) Network Management
9 4 (6.45%) Performance Monitoring
9 4 (6.45%) Performance Tuning
9 4 (6.45%) Scrum
10 3 (4.84%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 28 (45.16%) Python
2 23 (37.10%) Perl
3 20 (32.26%) Bash Shell
4 17 (27.42%) PowerShell
5 16 (25.81%) Java
6 13 (20.97%) Ruby
7 8 (12.90%) SQL
8 4 (6.45%) Go
9 3 (4.84%) PL/SQL
9 3 (4.84%) Shell Script
10 1 (1.61%) AWK
10 1 (1.61%) C
10 1 (1.61%) C++
10 1 (1.61%) JavaScript
10 1 (1.61%) PHP
Qualifications
1 11 (17.74%) CCNP
1 11 (17.74%) Cisco Certification
2 8 (12.90%) ITIL Certification
3 5 (8.06%) Degree
3 5 (8.06%) Security Cleared
4 4 (6.45%) SC Cleared
5 3 (4.84%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (3.23%) BC Cleared
7 1 (1.61%) Computer Science Degree
7 1 (1.61%) MCSE
7 1 (1.61%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (1.61%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (9.68%) GDPR
2 5 (8.06%) QA
3 3 (4.84%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 41 (66.13%) VMware Infrastructure
2 26 (41.94%) Docker
3 15 (24.19%) Active Directory
4 12 (19.35%) Hyper-V
5 10 (16.13%) Xen
6 7 (11.29%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (9.68%) VMware NSX
7 6 (9.68%) vSphere
8 4 (6.45%) RHEV
9 3 (4.84%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (4.84%) VirtualBox
10 2 (3.23%) BIND 9
10 2 (3.23%) NFS
10 2 (3.23%) Postfix
11 1 (1.61%) Btrfs
11 1 (1.61%) LXC
11 1 (1.61%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 24 (38.71%) Ansible
2 22 (35.48%) Opscode Chef
3 19 (30.65%) Puppet
4 12 (19.35%) Kubernetes
5 11 (17.74%) Single Sign-On
6 10 (16.13%) Salt
7 4 (6.45%) Terraform
7 4 (6.45%) vCenter Server
8 3 (4.84%) Data Guard
8 3 (4.84%) Kibana
8 3 (4.84%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 2 (3.23%) Check_MK
9 2 (3.23%) logstash
9 2 (3.23%) Nagios
9 2 (3.23%) NetBackup
9 2 (3.23%) Prometheus
9 2 (3.23%) Red Hat Spacewalk
9 2 (3.23%) ZABBIX
10 1 (1.61%) Grafana
10 1 (1.61%) Packer
Vendors
1 45 (72.58%) VMware
2 31 (50.00%) Microsoft
3 22 (35.48%) Red Hat
4 18 (29.03%) Cisco
5 15 (24.19%) EMC
6 10 (16.13%) 3PAR
6 10 (16.13%) Veritas
7 8 (12.90%) Oracle
8 7 (11.29%) Citrix
9 6 (9.68%) CheckPoint
9 6 (9.68%) F5
10 5 (8.06%) Aruba
10 5 (8.06%) Dell
10 5 (8.06%) HP
10 5 (8.06%) Juniper
10 5 (8.06%) Palo Alto
11 4 (6.45%) CA Agile Central
11 4 (6.45%) NetApp
12 3 (4.84%) Rackspace
12 3 (4.84%) Verint