Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 691 564 818
Rank change year-on-year -127 +254 +22
Contract jobs citing KVM 59 10 53
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.083% 0.027% 0.058%
As % of the System Software category 0.58% 0.18% 0.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 36 6 30
10th Percentile £378 " £357
25th Percentile £460 £133 £369
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £137 £496
Median % change year-on-year +302.53% -72.47% +10.28%
75th Percentile £638 £256 £550
90th Percentile £650 £448 £553
UK excluding London median daily rate £575 £133 £395
% change year-on-year +331.45% -66.26% -6.51%

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 10,123 5,674 14,264
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.22% 15.12% 15.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,013 3,825 9,596
10th Percentile £230 £199 £178
25th Percentile £398 £358 £350
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £430 £425
% change year-on-year -1.16% +1.18% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 316 247 591
10th Percentile £11.56 £11.34 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.50 £13.00 £13.00
Median hourly rate £19.00 £17.50 £17.00
Median % change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% +6.25%
75th Percentile £43.01 £25.15 £27.00
90th Percentile £64.75 £51.90 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.60 £16.50 £16.00
% change year-on-year +6.67% +3.13% +0.88%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing KVM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing KVM.

Daily rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing KVM over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing KVM.

Hourly rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Top 9 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the UK over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -93 50 £563 +322.08% 34
Work from Home - 35 £500 - 9
London -103 29 £525 - 11
UK excluding London -60 19 £575 +331.45% 23
East of England - 15 £575 - 4
South West - 2 £369 - 3
South East -34 1 £550 +312.70% 10
North West - 1 - - 1
North of England - 1 - - 4

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for KVM.

1 37 (62.71%) Cisco
2 33 (55.93%) Linux
2 33 (55.93%) Docker
3 31 (52.54%) Kubernetes
4 26 (44.07%) Data Centre
5 25 (42.37%) Prometheus
6 24 (40.68%) OpenStack
6 24 (40.68%) Juniper
6 24 (40.68%) Red Hat
6 24 (40.68%) VMware
7 23 (38.98%) Ansible
8 22 (37.29%) VMware Infrastructure
9 21 (35.59%) YAML
9 21 (35.59%) Puppet
9 21 (35.59%) XML
10 20 (33.90%) Software-Defined Networking
10 20 (33.90%) GCP
10 20 (33.90%) Jenkins
10 20 (33.90%) VMware ESXi
11 19 (32.20%) Juju
11 19 (32.20%) Spine.js
11 19 (32.20%) LXC
11 19 (32.20%) Open Source
11 19 (32.20%) Derivative
11 19 (32.20%) JSON
11 19 (32.20%) SGSN
11 19 (32.20%) Ericsson
11 19 (32.20%) 3GPP
11 19 (32.20%) Docker Swarm
11 19 (32.20%) Cloudify

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (40.68%) OpenStack
2 12 (20.34%) Confluence
3 11 (18.64%) Tomcat
3 11 (18.64%) WebSphere
3 11 (18.64%) WebSphere Application Server
4 2 (3.39%) Apache
5 1 (1.69%) SharePoint
Applications
1 2 (3.39%) MS Visio
2 1 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (1.69%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (1.69%) Microsoft Project
Cloud Services
1 20 (33.90%) GCP
2 17 (28.81%) AWS
3 14 (23.73%) Azure
4 12 (20.34%) GitHub
5 4 (6.78%) IaaS
5 4 (6.78%) PaaS
6 2 (3.39%) Cloud Computing
6 2 (3.39%) OpenShift
7 1 (1.69%) Amazon ECS
7 1 (1.69%) Azure Storage
7 1 (1.69%) Microsoft 365
7 1 (1.69%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 20 (33.90%) Software-Defined Networking
2 19 (32.20%) 3GPP
2 19 (32.20%) SGSN
3 16 (27.12%) LAN
3 16 (27.12%) WAN
4 15 (25.42%) Cisco Nexus
5 13 (22.03%) NAS
5 13 (22.03%) SAN
6 11 (18.64%) FCoE
6 11 (18.64%) Fibre Channel
6 11 (18.64%) iSCSI
6 11 (18.64%) Multicast
7 10 (16.95%) DNS
8 8 (13.56%) VPN
9 7 (11.86%) Firewall
10 6 (10.17%) DHCP
10 6 (10.17%) Ethernet
10 6 (10.17%) IPv6
10 6 (10.17%) Wireless
10 6 (10.17%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (13.56%) MongoDB
2 7 (11.86%) SQL Server
3 6 (10.17%) Hadoop
3 6 (10.17%) HBase
4 2 (3.39%) MySQL
5 1 (1.69%) MariaDB
5 1 (1.69%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 20 (33.90%) Jenkins
2 15 (25.42%) Sonatype Nexus
3 12 (20.34%) JIRA
4 6 (10.17%) Git (software)
5 4 (6.78%) Arsenale Dataplane
5 4 (6.78%) TestRail
6 2 (3.39%) Artifactory
7 1 (1.69%) GitLab
7 1 (1.69%) Hudson
General
1 8 (13.56%) Telecoms
2 7 (11.86%) Social Skills
3 6 (10.17%) Banking
3 6 (10.17%) iGaming
4 5 (8.47%) Finance
4 5 (8.47%) Influencing Skills
5 2 (3.39%) Analytical Skills
5 2 (3.39%) Retail Banking
6 1 (1.69%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 16 (27.12%) Architect
2 15 (25.42%) Cloud Engineer
3 11 (18.64%) Solutions Architect
4 10 (16.95%) Kubernetes Engineer
5 8 (13.56%) DevOps Engineer
5 8 (13.56%) Infrastructure Architect
6 6 (10.17%) Developer
6 6 (10.17%) Infrastructure Solutions Architect
6 6 (10.17%) Lead DevOps
6 6 (10.17%) Lead DevOps Engineer
7 4 (6.78%) Telecoms Engineer
8 3 (5.08%) Embedded Developer
8 3 (5.08%) Linux Developer
8 3 (5.08%) Python Developer
8 3 (5.08%) Software Engineer
9 2 (3.39%) Automation Architect
9 2 (3.39%) AWS Architect
9 2 (3.39%) AWS Solutions Architect
9 2 (3.39%) Banking Infrastructure Architect
9 2 (3.39%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (35.59%) XML
1 21 (35.59%) YAML
2 19 (32.20%) JSON
2 19 (32.20%) Spine.js
3 13 (22.03%) Middleware
4 4 (6.78%) RESTful
5 3 (5.08%) LDAP
6 2 (3.39%) .NET
6 2 (3.39%) .NET Core
6 2 (3.39%) 802.1X
6 2 (3.39%) HTML
6 2 (3.39%) Web Services
6 2 (3.39%) XSLT
7 1 (1.69%) LAMP
7 1 (1.69%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 26 (44.07%) Data Centre
2 19 (32.20%) Derivative
3 11 (18.64%) Cloud Native
4 4 (6.78%) Algorithms
4 4 (6.78%) Device Driver
4 4 (6.78%) Public Cloud
5 3 (5.08%) Linux Command Line
5 3 (5.08%) PKI
6 1 (1.69%) Clustering
6 1 (1.69%) LPAR
6 1 (1.69%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 33 (55.93%) Linux
2 15 (25.42%) Windows
3 11 (18.64%) Solaris
4 7 (11.86%) CentOS
5 5 (8.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (6.78%) Embedded Linux
7 3 (5.08%) Windows Server
8 2 (3.39%) Unix
9 1 (1.69%) Windows 2000 Server
9 1 (1.69%) Windows Server 2003
9 1 (1.69%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (1.69%) Windows Server 2016
9 1 (1.69%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 19 (32.20%) Open Source
2 15 (25.42%) Infrastructure as Code
3 14 (23.73%) Configuration Management
4 13 (22.03%) DevOps
5 11 (18.64%) Continuous Delivery
5 11 (18.64%) Continuous Integration
5 11 (18.64%) Performance Tuning
6 10 (16.95%) Benchmarking
7 7 (11.86%) Agile Software Development
8 6 (10.17%) B2B
8 6 (10.17%) ITIL
8 6 (10.17%) Migration
8 6 (10.17%) Software Engineering
9 5 (8.47%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 5 (8.47%) Technology Roadmap
10 4 (6.78%) Cryptography
10 4 (6.78%) Device Driver Development
10 4 (6.78%) Edge Computing
10 4 (6.78%) Linux Kernel Development
10 4 (6.78%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 15 (25.42%) Python
2 13 (22.03%) Java
3 7 (11.86%) SQL
4 4 (6.78%) C
4 4 (6.78%) C++
4 4 (6.78%) Go
4 4 (6.78%) PowerShell
4 4 (6.78%) Rust
5 3 (5.08%) Bash Shell
5 3 (5.08%) JavaScript
5 3 (5.08%) Ruby
6 2 (3.39%) C#
6 2 (3.39%) Kotlin
6 2 (3.39%) Perl
6 2 (3.39%) PHP
6 2 (3.39%) Shell Script
7 1 (1.69%) VBA
Qualifications
1 8 (13.56%) Cisco Certification
2 6 (10.17%) CCNA
3 2 (3.39%) CCIE
3 2 (3.39%) CCNP
3 2 (3.39%) Degree
3 2 (3.39%) ITIL Certification
4 1 (1.69%) SC Cleared
4 1 (1.69%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (32.20%) OASIS TOSCA
2 1 (1.69%) GDPR
2 1 (1.69%) SLA
System Software
1 33 (55.93%) Docker
2 22 (37.29%) VMware Infrastructure
3 20 (33.90%) VMware ESXi
4 19 (32.20%) LXC
5 17 (28.81%) Hyper-V
6 16 (27.12%) Xen
7 13 (22.03%) NFS
8 11 (18.64%) SRDF
9 6 (10.17%) Oracle RAC
10 4 (6.78%) Active Directory
10 4 (6.78%) iptables
10 4 (6.78%) Virtual Machines
10 4 (6.78%) vSphere
11 2 (3.39%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 2 (3.39%) Samba
11 2 (3.39%) vCloud
11 2 (3.39%) VMware NSX
12 1 (1.69%) Ceph
12 1 (1.69%) OCFS2
12 1 (1.69%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 31 (52.54%) Kubernetes
2 25 (42.37%) Prometheus
3 23 (38.98%) Ansible
4 21 (35.59%) Puppet
5 19 (32.20%) Cloudify
5 19 (32.20%) Docker Swarm
5 19 (32.20%) Grafana
5 19 (32.20%) Juju
5 19 (32.20%) Terraform
6 8 (13.56%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (11.86%) ZABBIX
8 3 (5.08%) BladeLogic
9 2 (3.39%) Capistrano
9 2 (3.39%) Cobbler
9 2 (3.39%) Salt
9 2 (3.39%) vRealize
9 2 (3.39%) vRealize Orchestrator
10 1 (1.69%) FreeIPA
10 1 (1.69%) Nagios
10 1 (1.69%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 37 (62.71%) Cisco
2 24 (40.68%) Juniper
2 24 (40.68%) Red Hat
2 24 (40.68%) VMware
3 19 (32.20%) Ericsson
3 19 (32.20%) Mirantis
4 14 (23.73%) Google
4 14 (23.73%) Oracle
5 11 (18.64%) EMC
5 11 (18.64%) NetApp
6 9 (15.25%) Microsoft
7 6 (10.17%) Sybase
8 5 (8.47%) MuleSoft
9 4 (6.78%) Atlassian
9 4 (6.78%) BMC
9 4 (6.78%) Palo Alto
9 4 (6.78%) ServiceNow
10 3 (5.08%) F5
10 3 (5.08%) Fortinet
10 3 (5.08%) HP