Period
to 16 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 16 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK
6 months to
16 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 602 622 783
Rank change year-on-year +20 +161 +50
Contract jobs citing KVM 58 19 71
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.10% 0.038% 0.078%
As % of the System Software category 0.71% 0.24% 0.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 27 13 48
10th Percentile £272 £133 £358
25th Percentile £392 £140 £387
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £388 £483
Median % change year-on-year +29.03% -19.74% +19.50%
75th Percentile £625 £500 £531
90th Percentile £650 £560 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £140 £460
% change year-on-year +292.86% -69.57% +18.71%

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 8,161 7,790 14,033
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.37% 15.61% 15.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,657 5,279 9,485
10th Percentile £230 £178 £180
25th Percentile £380 £325 £356
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £463 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.41% -2.63% +5.56%
75th Percentile £575 £563 £575
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £424 £425 £425
% change year-on-year -0.26% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 287 397 610
10th Percentile £11.58 £11.26 £11.00
25th Percentile £14.00 £13.49 £13.00
Median hourly rate £22.00 £17.50 £16.21
Median % change year-on-year +25.71% +7.97% +2.19%
75th Percentile £50.00 £23.75 £26.65
90th Percentile £64.70 £51.75 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.27 £16.50 £15.19
% change year-on-year +10.73% +8.62% +1.27%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing KVM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing KVM.

Daily rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing KVM over the 6 months to 16 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing KVM.

Hourly rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Top 9 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the UK over the 6 months to 16 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +37 51 £513 +32.26% 24
Work from Home - 32 £470 - 6
London -17 25 £500 +26.98% 7
UK excluding London +54 24 £550 +292.86% 17
East of England - 15 £575 - 5
South East +25 4 £438 +212.50% 7
North West - 4 - - 2
North of England - 4 - - 2
South West - 1 £338 - 1

For the 6 months to 16 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for KVM.

1 34 (58.62%) Kubernetes
2 33 (56.90%) Cisco
3 32 (55.17%) Docker
4 31 (53.45%) Linux
5 29 (50.00%) Red Hat
6 28 (48.28%) Data Centre
7 27 (46.55%) Prometheus
8 26 (44.83%) Juniper
9 25 (43.10%) OpenStack
10 22 (37.93%) VMware ESXi
10 22 (37.93%) Software-Defined Networking
11 21 (36.21%) Juju
11 21 (36.21%) Spine.js
11 21 (36.21%) Derivative
11 21 (36.21%) JSON
11 21 (36.21%) SGSN
11 21 (36.21%) YAML
11 21 (36.21%) Open Source
11 21 (36.21%) Ericsson
11 21 (36.21%) 3GPP
11 21 (36.21%) XML
11 21 (36.21%) Docker Swarm
11 21 (36.21%) Cloudify
11 21 (36.21%) OASIS TOSCA
11 21 (36.21%) Mirantis
11 21 (36.21%) Grafana
11 21 (36.21%) LXC
12 19 (32.76%) VMware
12 19 (32.76%) VMware Infrastructure
13 16 (27.59%) Jenkins

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (43.10%) OpenStack
2 5 (8.62%) Tomcat
2 5 (8.62%) WebSphere
2 5 (8.62%) WebSphere Application Server
3 3 (5.17%) Apache
3 3 (5.17%) Confluence
4 2 (3.45%) Oracle Coherence
5 1 (1.72%) SharePoint
Applications
1 1 (1.72%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (1.72%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 16 (27.59%) Azure
1 16 (27.59%) GCP
2 15 (25.86%) AWS
3 6 (10.34%) GitHub
3 6 (10.34%) IaaS
4 5 (8.62%) PaaS
5 3 (5.17%) Cloud Computing
6 2 (3.45%) SaaS
7 1 (1.72%) Amazon ECS
7 1 (1.72%) Azure Storage
7 1 (1.72%) Microsoft 365
7 1 (1.72%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 22 (37.93%) Software-Defined Networking
2 21 (36.21%) 3GPP
2 21 (36.21%) SGSN
3 12 (20.69%) LAN
4 11 (18.97%) WAN
5 9 (15.52%) Cisco Nexus
5 9 (15.52%) Firewall
6 8 (13.79%) NAS
6 8 (13.79%) SAN
7 7 (12.07%) Multicast
8 6 (10.34%) DNS
9 5 (8.62%) DHCP
9 5 (8.62%) FCoE
9 5 (8.62%) Fibre Channel
9 5 (8.62%) iSCSI
9 5 (8.62%) SD-WAN
9 5 (8.62%) SSL
9 5 (8.62%) VPN
9 5 (8.62%) WLAN
10 4 (6.90%) 4G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (13.79%) MongoDB
2 4 (6.90%) Hadoop
2 4 (6.90%) HBase
3 3 (5.17%) SQL Server
4 2 (3.45%) MySQL
4 2 (3.45%) PostgreSQL
4 2 (3.45%) Redis
5 1 (1.72%) MariaDB
5 1 (1.72%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 16 (27.59%) Jenkins
2 9 (15.52%) Sonatype Nexus
3 5 (8.62%) Git (software)
4 3 (5.17%) JIRA
5 2 (3.45%) Artifactory
5 2 (3.45%) Gradle
5 2 (3.45%) JUnit
5 2 (3.45%) Maven
6 1 (1.72%) Arsenale Dataplane
6 1 (1.72%) GitLab
6 1 (1.72%) Hudson
6 1 (1.72%) TestRail
General
1 8 (13.79%) Social Skills
1 8 (13.79%) Telecoms
2 6 (10.34%) iGaming
3 5 (8.62%) Influencing Skills
4 4 (6.90%) Analytical Skills
4 4 (6.90%) Documentation Skills
5 3 (5.17%) Banking
6 2 (3.45%) Finance
Job Titles
1 19 (32.76%) Cloud Engineer
2 13 (22.41%) Kubernetes Engineer
3 11 (18.97%) Architect
4 8 (13.79%) DevOps Engineer
5 6 (10.34%) Lead DevOps
5 6 (10.34%) Lead DevOps Engineer
6 5 (8.62%) Infrastructure Architect
6 5 (8.62%) Solutions Architect
7 4 (6.90%) Cloud Architect
8 3 (5.17%) Infrastructure Solutions Architect
8 3 (5.17%) Linux Engineer
9 2 (3.45%) Administrator
9 2 (3.45%) AWS Architect
9 2 (3.45%) Azure Architect
9 2 (3.45%) Banking Infrastructure Architect
9 2 (3.45%) Developer
9 2 (3.45%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 2 (3.45%) Linux Administrator
9 2 (3.45%) Network Engineer
9 2 (3.45%) Telecoms Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (36.21%) JSON
1 21 (36.21%) Spine.js
1 21 (36.21%) XML
1 21 (36.21%) YAML
2 7 (12.07%) Middleware
3 4 (6.90%) LDAP
4 2 (3.45%) 802.1X
4 2 (3.45%) Java EE
4 2 (3.45%) JGroups
4 2 (3.45%) Kafka
4 2 (3.45%) REST
4 2 (3.45%) SOAP
4 2 (3.45%) Spring Boot
5 1 (1.72%) .NET
5 1 (1.72%) .NET Core
5 1 (1.72%) LAMP
5 1 (1.72%) RESTful
5 1 (1.72%) SAML
5 1 (1.72%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 28 (48.28%) Data Centre
2 21 (36.21%) Derivative
3 13 (22.41%) Cloud Native
4 6 (10.34%) Public Cloud
5 4 (6.90%) Linux Command Line
6 3 (5.17%) Clustering
6 3 (5.17%) Device Driver
6 3 (5.17%) PKI
7 2 (3.45%) Enterprise Cloud
7 2 (3.45%) Private Cloud
8 1 (1.72%) Algorithms
8 1 (1.72%) LPAR
8 1 (1.72%) Replication
8 1 (1.72%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 31 (53.45%) Linux
2 12 (20.69%) Windows
3 8 (13.79%) CentOS
4 6 (10.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 5 (8.62%) Solaris
6 4 (6.90%) Unix
7 3 (5.17%) Windows Server
8 2 (3.45%) Oracle Linux
8 2 (3.45%) VMS
9 1 (1.72%) Embedded Linux
9 1 (1.72%) Ubuntu
9 1 (1.72%) Windows 10
9 1 (1.72%) Windows 2000 Server
9 1 (1.72%) Windows 7
9 1 (1.72%) Windows Server 2003
9 1 (1.72%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (1.72%) Windows Server 2016
9 1 (1.72%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 21 (36.21%) Open Source
2 12 (20.69%) Infrastructure as Code
3 11 (18.97%) Configuration Management
4 10 (17.24%) DevOps
5 9 (15.52%) Migration
6 6 (10.34%) B2B
6 6 (10.34%) Benchmarking
6 6 (10.34%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 6 (10.34%) ITIL
6 6 (10.34%) Performance Tuning
7 5 (8.62%) Collaborative Working
7 5 (8.62%) Continuous Delivery
7 5 (8.62%) Continuous Integration
7 5 (8.62%) Problem-Solving
7 5 (8.62%) Technology Roadmap
7 5 (8.62%) Thought Leadership
8 4 (6.90%) Agile Software Development
8 4 (6.90%) Service Management
9 3 (5.17%) Kalman Filter
9 3 (5.17%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 8 (13.79%) Python
2 7 (12.07%) Java
3 4 (6.90%) Bash Shell
3 4 (6.90%) Perl
3 4 (6.90%) PowerShell
4 3 (5.17%) C
5 2 (3.45%) AWK
5 2 (3.45%) Java 8
5 2 (3.45%) PHP
5 2 (3.45%) Ruby
5 2 (3.45%) sed
6 1 (1.72%) C#
6 1 (1.72%) C++
6 1 (1.72%) Go
6 1 (1.72%) Kotlin
6 1 (1.72%) Rust
6 1 (1.72%) Shell Script
6 1 (1.72%) SQL
6 1 (1.72%) VBA
Qualifications
1 5 (8.62%) Cisco Certification
2 3 (5.17%) CCNA
3 2 (3.45%) CCIE
3 2 (3.45%) CCNP
3 2 (3.45%) Degree
3 2 (3.45%) ITIL Certification
3 2 (3.45%) RHCE
3 2 (3.45%) SC Cleared
3 2 (3.45%) Security Cleared
4 1 (1.72%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (36.21%) OASIS TOSCA
2 2 (3.45%) NIST
2 2 (3.45%) QA
3 1 (1.72%) SLA
System Software
1 32 (55.17%) Docker
2 22 (37.93%) VMware ESXi
3 21 (36.21%) LXC
4 19 (32.76%) VMware Infrastructure
5 11 (18.97%) Hyper-V
6 10 (17.24%) Xen
7 6 (10.34%) NFS
7 6 (10.34%) Oracle RAC
8 5 (8.62%) SRDF
8 5 (8.62%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (6.90%) Firmware
10 3 (5.17%) iptables
10 3 (5.17%) Samba
10 3 (5.17%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 2 (3.45%) OCFS2
11 2 (3.45%) Postfix
11 2 (3.45%) qmail
11 2 (3.45%) Sendmail
11 2 (3.45%) VirtualBox
11 2 (3.45%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 34 (58.62%) Kubernetes
2 27 (46.55%) Prometheus
3 21 (36.21%) Cloudify
3 21 (36.21%) Docker Swarm
3 21 (36.21%) Grafana
3 21 (36.21%) Juju
4 14 (24.14%) Ansible
5 13 (22.41%) Puppet
5 13 (22.41%) Terraform
6 7 (12.07%) ZABBIX
7 4 (6.90%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (6.90%) SELinux
8 3 (5.17%) BladeLogic
9 2 (3.45%) Capistrano
9 2 (3.45%) Cobbler
9 2 (3.45%) Failover Clustering
9 2 (3.45%) Salt
9 2 (3.45%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (1.72%) FreeIPA
10 1 (1.72%) Nagios
Vendors
1 33 (56.90%) Cisco
2 29 (50.00%) Red Hat
3 26 (44.83%) Juniper
4 21 (36.21%) Ericsson
4 21 (36.21%) Mirantis
5 19 (32.76%) VMware
6 11 (18.97%) Oracle
7 9 (15.52%) Google
8 8 (13.79%) Microsoft
9 6 (10.34%) HP
10 5 (8.62%) EMC
10 5 (8.62%) NetApp
11 4 (6.90%) MuleSoft
11 4 (6.90%) Palo Alto
11 4 (6.90%) Sybase
12 3 (5.17%) BMC
12 3 (5.17%) CheckPoint
12 3 (5.17%) F5
12 3 (5.17%) Fortinet
12 3 (5.17%) Zscaler