Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 760 829 771
Rank change year-on-year +69 -58 -77
Contract jobs citing KVM 36 65 119
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.043% 0.063% 0.12%
As % of the System Software category 0.27% 0.42% 0.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 20 34 88
UK median daily rate £413 £438 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.71% +6.06% -13.16%
10th Percentile £158 £252 £307
90th Percentile £511 £576 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £406 £450 £410
% change year-on-year -9.72% +9.76% -3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 3
UK median hourly rate - - £18.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £18.00

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 13,210 15,536 12,257
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.60% 15.02% 12.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,705 10,128 7,910
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £170 £180 £158
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 674 906 683
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £16.00 £16.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% -4.19% +4.38%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.54 £10.40
90th Percentile £47.50 £43.75 £47.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £15.73 £15.50
% change year-on-year +1.75% +1.45% +1.64%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing KVM as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing KVM.

Contractor daily rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing KVM over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM.

Contractor hourly rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Top 12 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +59 32 £413 -8.33% 22
UK excluding London +39 20 £406 -9.72% 21
London +69 16 £413 -2.94% 4
South East +36 6 £450 -2.70% 3
South West -6 5 £413 - 7
Scotland +30 3 £95 -73.79% 3
East of England +25 3 £275 -20.29% 4
Yorkshire +28 1 - - 3
North of England +24 1 - - 4
Midlands - 1 £125 -
Wales - 1 £575 -
West Midlands - 1 £125 -

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for KVM.

1 30 (83.33%) Linux
2 27 (75.00%) VMware
3 26 (72.22%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (50.00%) Python
5 17 (47.22%) Puppet
6 15 (41.67%) Ansible
6 15 (41.67%) Windows
7 14 (38.89%) Firewall
8 13 (36.11%) Cisco
9 12 (33.33%) Ubuntu
9 12 (33.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 11 (30.56%) Hyper-V
10 11 (30.56%) Git (software)
10 11 (30.56%) Data Centre
10 11 (30.56%) Configuration Management
10 11 (30.56%) Windows Server
11 10 (27.78%) Opscode Chef
11 10 (27.78%) Bash Shell
12 9 (25.00%) PowerShell
12 9 (25.00%) Microsoft
13 8 (22.22%) CentOS
13 8 (22.22%) GitHub
14 7 (19.44%) OpenStack
14 7 (19.44%) Cisco ASA
14 7 (19.44%) Xen
14 7 (19.44%) Active Directory
14 7 (19.44%) Citrix
14 7 (19.44%) CheckPoint
14 7 (19.44%) DNS
15 6 (16.67%) Migration

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (19.44%) OpenStack
2 4 (11.11%) IIS
3 3 (8.33%) nginx
4 1 (2.78%) Apache
4 1 (2.78%) Confluence
4 1 (2.78%) Elasticsearch
4 1 (2.78%) Exchange Server 2010
4 1 (2.78%) MS Exchange
4 1 (2.78%) Tomcat
Applications
1 1 (2.78%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 8 (22.22%) GitHub
2 4 (11.11%) AWS
3 3 (8.33%) Azure
3 3 (8.33%) GCP
3 3 (8.33%) Google App Engine
3 3 (8.33%) Heroku
3 3 (8.33%) PaaS
3 3 (8.33%) Sumo Logic
4 1 (2.78%) Cloud Computing
4 1 (2.78%) Mimecast
4 1 (2.78%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 14 (38.89%) Firewall
2 7 (19.44%) Cisco ASA
2 7 (19.44%) DNS
3 6 (16.67%) Cisco Nexus
3 6 (16.67%) NetScaler
4 5 (13.89%) BIG-IP
4 5 (13.89%) SAN
5 4 (11.11%) iSCSI
5 4 (11.11%) NAS
5 4 (11.11%) Network Security
6 3 (8.33%) MPLS
7 2 (5.56%) BGP
7 2 (5.56%) Cisco Firepower
7 2 (5.56%) VLAN
7 2 (5.56%) VPN
8 1 (2.78%) 4G
8 1 (2.78%) Junos
8 1 (2.78%) MQTT
8 1 (2.78%) Remote Desktop
8 1 (2.78%) Spanning Tree
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (13.89%) MongoDB
2 4 (11.11%) Apache Cassandra
2 4 (11.11%) MySQL
3 3 (8.33%) Aerospike
3 3 (8.33%) InfluxDB
3 3 (8.33%) MariaDB
3 3 (8.33%) PostgreSQL
3 3 (8.33%) Redis
4 1 (2.78%) NoSQL
4 1 (2.78%) Oracle Database
4 1 (2.78%) Oracle Database 10g
4 1 (2.78%) Oracle Database 11g
4 1 (2.78%) Oracle Database 12c
4 1 (2.78%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 11 (30.56%) Git (software)
2 6 (16.67%) Jenkins
2 6 (16.67%) Sonatype Nexus
3 3 (8.33%) Bitbucket
3 3 (8.33%) Cucumber
3 3 (8.33%) JIRA
3 3 (8.33%) Octopus Deploy
3 3 (8.33%) Selenium
3 3 (8.33%) TeamCity
4 1 (2.78%) Bazaar
4 1 (2.78%) Bitbucket Server
4 1 (2.78%) Bugzilla
4 1 (2.78%) Subversion
General
1 4 (11.11%) Finance
2 3 (8.33%) Telecoms
3 1 (2.78%) Back Office
3 1 (2.78%) Banking
3 1 (2.78%) Multimedia
3 1 (2.78%) Public Sector
3 1 (2.78%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 7 (19.44%) Linux Engineer
2 6 (16.67%) Systems Engineer
3 5 (13.89%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 4 (11.11%) Cisco Specialist
4 4 (11.11%) Linux Systems Engineer
4 4 (11.11%) Network Engineer
5 3 (8.33%) Cisco Engineer
5 3 (8.33%) Cisco Network Engineer
5 3 (8.33%) Data Centre Engineer
6 2 (5.56%) Architect
6 2 (5.56%) Build Engineer
6 2 (5.56%) Cisco Architect
6 2 (5.56%) Senior Linux Engineer
7 1 (2.78%) Cisco Network Specialist
7 1 (2.78%) DevOps Engineer
7 1 (2.78%) Linux DevOps Engineer
7 1 (2.78%) Linux Support Engineer
7 1 (2.78%) Senior Cisco Network Engineer
7 1 (2.78%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 1 (2.78%) Windows Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5 (13.89%) LDAP
2 4 (11.11%) Node.js
3 3 (8.33%) Elastic Stack
3 3 (8.33%) RabbitMQ
4 1 (2.78%) ActiveMQ
4 1 (2.78%) Kafka
4 1 (2.78%) LAMP
4 1 (2.78%) libvirt
4 1 (2.78%) Oracle GoldenGate
4 1 (2.78%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 11 (30.56%) Data Centre
2 5 (13.89%) Public Cloud
3 4 (11.11%) Clustering
4 3 (8.33%) Hybrid Cloud
4 3 (8.33%) Replication
5 1 (2.78%) Handset
5 1 (2.78%) IVR
5 1 (2.78%) Private Cloud
5 1 (2.78%) Self-Motivation
5 1 (2.78%) VxBlock/Vblock
Operating Systems
1 30 (83.33%) Linux
2 15 (41.67%) Windows
3 12 (33.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 12 (33.33%) Ubuntu
4 11 (30.56%) Windows Server
5 8 (22.22%) CentOS
6 5 (13.89%) Windows Server 2008
7 3 (8.33%) Windows Server 2003
8 2 (5.56%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (2.78%) Solaris
9 1 (2.78%) SUSE
9 1 (2.78%) VMS
9 1 (2.78%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 11 (30.56%) Configuration Management
2 6 (16.67%) DevOps
2 6 (16.67%) Infrastructure Engineering
2 6 (16.67%) Migration
2 6 (16.67%) Open Source
3 5 (13.89%) Kalman Filter
4 4 (11.11%) Test Automation
5 3 (8.33%) Agile Software Development
5 3 (8.33%) ITIL
5 3 (8.33%) Network Monitoring
5 3 (8.33%) Scaled Agile Framework
5 3 (8.33%) Scrum
5 3 (8.33%) Server Management
5 3 (8.33%) Stakeholder Management
6 2 (5.56%) Load Balancing
6 2 (5.56%) Mentoring
7 1 (2.78%) Defect Tracking
7 1 (2.78%) Issue Tracking
7 1 (2.78%) Microservices
7 1 (2.78%) Server Hardening
Programming Languages
1 18 (50.00%) Python
2 10 (27.78%) Bash Shell
3 9 (25.00%) PowerShell
4 3 (8.33%) Clojure
4 3 (8.33%) Go
4 3 (8.33%) Perl
4 3 (8.33%) Ruby
4 3 (8.33%) SQL
5 2 (5.56%) JavaScript
5 2 (5.56%) PHP
6 1 (2.78%) C
6 1 (2.78%) C++
6 1 (2.78%) Groovy
6 1 (2.78%) Java
6 1 (2.78%) PL/SQL
6 1 (2.78%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 6 (16.67%) CCNP
1 6 (16.67%) Cisco Certification
2 4 (11.11%) Security Cleared
3 3 (8.33%) SC Cleared
4 2 (5.56%) Degree
5 1 (2.78%) MCSE
5 1 (2.78%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (2.78%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (2.78%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 26 (72.22%) VMware Infrastructure
2 11 (30.56%) Hyper-V
3 7 (19.44%) Active Directory
3 7 (19.44%) Xen
4 6 (16.67%) vSphere
5 5 (13.89%) Docker
5 5 (13.89%) NFS
5 5 (13.89%) VMware NSX
6 4 (11.11%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (8.33%) oVirt
7 3 (8.33%) Samba
8 2 (5.56%) iptables
9 1 (2.78%) BIND 9
9 1 (2.78%) Firmware
9 1 (2.78%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (2.78%) Postfix
9 1 (2.78%) QEMU
9 1 (2.78%) RHEV
9 1 (2.78%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 17 (47.22%) Puppet
2 15 (41.67%) Ansible
3 10 (27.78%) Opscode Chef
4 6 (16.67%) Salt
4 6 (16.67%) Terraform
5 4 (11.11%) Kubernetes
6 3 (8.33%) Graphite
6 3 (8.33%) Nagios
6 3 (8.33%) NetBackup
6 3 (8.33%) Pingdom
6 3 (8.33%) Prometheus
6 3 (8.33%) Tivoli Storage Manager
6 3 (8.33%) WMI
6 3 (8.33%) ZABBIX
7 2 (5.56%) Cacti
7 2 (5.56%) Cisco CUCM
7 2 (5.56%) Grafana
7 2 (5.56%) logstash
8 1 (2.78%) Consul
8 1 (2.78%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 27 (75.00%) VMware
2 13 (36.11%) Cisco
3 9 (25.00%) Microsoft
4 7 (19.44%) CheckPoint
4 7 (19.44%) Citrix
5 6 (16.67%) Red Hat
6 5 (13.89%) F5
6 5 (13.89%) HP
6 5 (13.89%) Palo Alto
6 5 (13.89%) Veeam
7 4 (11.11%) CA Agile Central
7 4 (11.11%) Dell
7 4 (11.11%) EMC
8 3 (8.33%) Google
8 3 (8.33%) Hitachi
8 3 (8.33%) IBM
8 3 (8.33%) NetApp
8 3 (8.33%) Symantec
8 3 (8.33%) Veritas
9 2 (5.56%) Oracle