The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 3 months to 26 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
26 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK
Rank 586 570 577
Rank change year-on-year -16 +7  
Contract jobs citing KVM 23 71 46
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.051% 0.13% 0.086%
As % of the System Software category 0.46% 1.23% 0.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 13 43 38
Median daily rate £470 £425 £300
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.58% +41.66%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £370 £375 £220
10% offered a daily rate of more than £585 £600 £590
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £450 £275
% change year-on-year -2.77% +63.63%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 1
Median hourly rate £25.00 £30.00 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.66% +87.50%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

KVM is in the system software skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

Contract System Software Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 4981 5782 5460
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 11.14% 10.86% 10.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 3172 3510 3004
Median daily rate £400 £390 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +4.00%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £190 £200 £188
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £525 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £365 £350
% change year-on-year -4.10% +4.28%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 349 445 626
Median hourly rate £17.00 £16.50 £16.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +1.53%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £10.50 £11.00 £11.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.00 £45.00 £32.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.86 £16.50 £15.50
% change year-on-year -3.87% +6.45%  

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing KVM as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the System Software category.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing KVM.

Contractor daily rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing KVM over the 3 months to 26 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing KVM.

Contractor hourly rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the UK over the 3 months to 26 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 23 £470 +10.58% 16
London -1 17 £470 +10.58% 7
Croydon - 6 £469 -
Yorkshire +12 2 £525 +27.19% 1
East of England - 2 - - 1
Sheffield +1 1 £525 -
South Yorkshire -3 1 £525 +10.52%
Nottinghamshire - 1 £350 -
Cornwall - 1 - - 1
East Midlands - 1 £350 -
Camborne - 1 - - 1
Saffron Walden - 1 - - 1
Nottingham - 1 £350 -
Ipswich - 1 - -
South West - 1 - - 2
Suffolk - 1 - -
Essex - 1 - - 1

KVM
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 26 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for KVM.

1 55 (68.75%) Linux
2 51 (63.75%) VMware
3 48 (60.00%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (38.75%) Windows
4 31 (38.75%) DevOps
5 28 (35.00%) Red Hat
6 25 (31.25%) Python
7 23 (28.75%) Hyper-V
7 23 (28.75%) Bash Shell
7 23 (28.75%) Puppet
8 21 (26.25%) Cisco
9 20 (25.00%) Oracle
9 20 (25.00%) Agile Software Development
10 19 (23.75%) NFS
10 19 (23.75%) Solaris
10 19 (23.75%) SAN
11 18 (22.50%) Apache
12 17 (21.25%) Firewall
12 17 (21.25%) Xen
12 17 (21.25%) NAS
13 16 (20.00%) Security Cleared
13 16 (20.00%) LDAP
13 16 (20.00%) DNS
13 16 (20.00%) Analytical Skills
14 15 (18.75%) Unix
14 15 (18.75%) SQL Server
14 15 (18.75%) Configuration Management
14 15 (18.75%) iSCSI
14 15 (18.75%) Open Source
15 14 (17.50%) SC Cleared

KVM
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (22.50%) Apache
2 13 (16.25%) IIS
2 13 (16.25%) OpenStack
2 13 (16.25%) Oracle Coherence
3 12 (15.00%) Tomcat
4 10 (12.50%) Oracle HTTP Server
4 10 (12.50%) WebSphere
5 9 (11.25%) DataSynapse
6 8 (10.00%) PowerExchange
7 6 (7.50%) WebLogic
8 2 (2.50%) Cloud Foundry
8 2 (2.50%) CloudStack
8 2 (2.50%) iPlanet
8 2 (2.50%) JBoss
8 2 (2.50%) Oracle Application Server
8 2 (2.50%) SAS
9 1 (1.25%) Confluence
9 1 (1.25%) SharePoint
9 1 (1.25%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 10 (12.50%) MS Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (2.50%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 12 (15.00%) IaaS
1 12 (15.00%) PaaS
2 11 (13.75%) SaaS
3 9 (11.25%) Amazon AWS
4 5 (6.25%) Cloud Computing
4 5 (6.25%) Microsoft Azure
5 1 (1.25%) Azure Active Directory
5 1 (1.25%) Google Cloud Platform
5 1 (1.25%) Google Compute Engine
Communications & Networking
1 19 (23.75%) SAN
2 17 (21.25%) Firewall
2 17 (21.25%) NAS
3 16 (20.00%) DNS
3 16 (20.00%) LDAP
4 15 (18.75%) iSCSI
5 14 (17.50%) Fibre Channel
5 14 (17.50%) LAN
5 14 (17.50%) WAN
6 13 (16.25%) HTTP
7 11 (13.75%) FCoE
7 11 (13.75%) Multicast
8 9 (11.25%) Internet
8 9 (11.25%) TCP/IP
9 5 (6.25%) VPN
10 4 (5.00%) BGP
10 4 (5.00%) VLAN
11 3 (3.75%) IP Telephony
11 3 (3.75%) Software-Defined Networking
11 3 (3.75%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (18.75%) SQL Server
2 9 (11.25%) Hadoop
2 9 (11.25%) HBase
3 8 (10.00%) PowerCenter
4 6 (7.50%) MySQL
5 3 (3.75%) Relational Database
6 2 (2.50%) NoSQL
6 2 (2.50%) RDBMS
7 1 (1.25%) Apache Cassandra
7 1 (1.25%) CouchDB
7 1 (1.25%) Data Warehouse
7 1 (1.25%) MariaDB
7 1 (1.25%) MongoDB
7 1 (1.25%) Neo4j
7 1 (1.25%) Oracle Database
7 1 (1.25%) Oracle Reports
7 1 (1.25%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 12 (15.00%) Git (software)
2 11 (13.75%) Jenkins
3 3 (3.75%) Vagrant
4 2 (2.50%) JIRA
4 2 (2.50%) Team Foundation Server
5 1 (1.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 1 (1.25%) Bitbucket
5 1 (1.25%) git-flow
5 1 (1.25%) Grunt
5 1 (1.25%) Hudson
5 1 (1.25%) JMeter
5 1 (1.25%) LoadRunner
5 1 (1.25%) Maven
5 1 (1.25%) Octopus Deploy
5 1 (1.25%) Selenium
5 1 (1.25%) TeamCity
5 1 (1.25%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 14 (17.50%) Finance
2 9 (11.25%) Banking
3 8 (10.00%) Telecoms
4 2 (2.50%) Law
5 1 (1.25%) Investment Banking
5 1 (1.25%) Manufacturing
5 1 (1.25%) Retail
5 1 (1.25%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 16 (20.00%) Architect
2 14 (17.50%) Infrastructure Architect
3 11 (13.75%) Administrator
3 11 (13.75%) Systems Administrator
4 10 (12.50%) Linux Administrator
4 10 (12.50%) Linux Systems Administrator
5 9 (11.25%) DevOps Engineer
5 9 (11.25%) Linux Engineer
6 8 (10.00%) Consultant
6 8 (10.00%) Linux/Unix DevOps
6 8 (10.00%) Unix Engineer
7 7 (8.75%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 6 (7.50%) DevOps Consultant
8 6 (7.50%) Linux Consultant
8 6 (7.50%) Unix Linux Engineer
8 6 (7.50%) VMWare Administrator
9 5 (6.25%) Cloud Engineer
9 5 (6.25%) Senior Systems Administrator
10 4 (5.00%) Unix Administrator
10 4 (5.00%) Unix Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (17.50%) Middleware
2 9 (11.25%) HTML
2 9 (11.25%) Rendezvous
2 9 (11.25%) XML
2 9 (11.25%) XSLT
3 4 (5.00%) Oracle Fusion
4 3 (3.75%) LAMP
4 3 (3.75%) libvirt
4 3 (3.75%) RabbitMQ
5 2 (2.50%) J2EE
5 2 (2.50%) POSIX
5 2 (2.50%) Web Services
5 2 (2.50%) WebCenter
6 1 (1.25%) Node.js
6 1 (1.25%) RESTful
6 1 (1.25%) WAP
6 1 (1.25%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 16 (20.00%) Analytical Skills
2 10 (12.50%) Computer Science
2 10 (12.50%) Data Centre
3 4 (5.00%) Online Banking
3 4 (5.00%) Spread Betting
4 3 (3.75%) Client/Server
4 3 (3.75%) Enterprise Software
4 3 (3.75%) Private Cloud
5 2 (2.50%) Clustering
5 2 (2.50%) e-Health
5 2 (2.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 2 (2.50%) Hedge funds
5 2 (2.50%) Hybrid Cloud
5 2 (2.50%) Management Information System
6 1 (1.25%) Digital Media
6 1 (1.25%) EFT
6 1 (1.25%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 55 (68.75%) Linux
2 31 (38.75%) Windows
3 19 (23.75%) Solaris
4 15 (18.75%) Unix
5 11 (13.75%) CentOS
6 10 (12.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 10 (12.50%) Ubuntu
7 9 (11.25%) Windows Server
8 4 (5.00%) SUSE
9 3 (3.75%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (2.50%) AIX
10 2 (2.50%) HPUX
10 2 (2.50%) Windows 2000
10 2 (2.50%) Windows 7
10 2 (2.50%) Windows Server 2003
11 1 (1.25%) Debian
11 1 (1.25%) Mac OS
11 1 (1.25%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 31 (38.75%) DevOps
2 20 (25.00%) Agile Software Development
3 15 (18.75%) Configuration Management
3 15 (18.75%) Open Source
4 14 (17.50%) Performance Tuning
5 11 (13.75%) ITIL
6 10 (12.50%) Benchmarking
7 8 (10.00%) ETL
7 8 (10.00%) Load Balancing
7 8 (10.00%) Problem Management
8 7 (8.75%) Change Management
8 7 (8.75%) Server Building
9 6 (7.50%) Change Data Capture
9 6 (7.50%) Storage Virtualisation
10 5 (6.25%) Continuous Improvement
10 5 (6.25%) PRINCE2
10 5 (6.25%) SDLC
11 4 (5.00%) Continuous Integration
11 4 (5.00%) Low Latency
11 4 (5.00%) Software Delivery
Programming Languages
1 25 (31.25%) Python
2 23 (28.75%) Bash Shell
3 14 (17.50%) Java
3 14 (17.50%) SQL
4 13 (16.25%) JavaScript
5 10 (12.50%) Perl
6 6 (7.50%) C
7 4 (5.00%) Bourne shell
7 4 (5.00%) C++
7 4 (5.00%) C-shell
7 4 (5.00%) PowerShell
7 4 (5.00%) Ruby
7 4 (5.00%) SystemTap
8 3 (3.75%) Scala
9 2 (2.50%) Go
9 2 (2.50%) Haskell
9 2 (2.50%) R
9 2 (2.50%) Shell Script
10 1 (1.25%) Cython
10 1 (1.25%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 16 (20.00%) Security Cleared
2 14 (17.50%) Degree
2 14 (17.50%) SC Cleared
3 9 (11.25%) Cisco Certification
4 8 (10.00%) CCNA
4 8 (10.00%) CCNP
5 3 (3.75%) RHCA
5 3 (3.75%) RHCE
5 3 (3.75%) RHCSA
6 2 (2.50%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (2.50%) CISA
6 2 (2.50%) CISM
6 2 (2.50%) CISSP
6 2 (2.50%) GSEC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (5.00%) QA
2 2 (2.50%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 48 (60.00%) VMware Infrastructure
2 23 (28.75%) Hyper-V
3 19 (23.75%) NFS
4 17 (21.25%) Xen
5 13 (16.25%) VMware ESX
6 11 (13.75%) Docker
6 11 (13.75%) SRDF
7 9 (11.25%) Oracle RAC
8 6 (7.50%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (6.25%) Active Directory
10 4 (5.00%) iptables
10 4 (5.00%) LXC
10 4 (5.00%) XenServer
11 3 (3.75%) vSphere
12 2 (2.50%) Firmware
12 2 (2.50%) Squid
12 2 (2.50%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 2 (2.50%) Virtual Machines
13 1 (1.25%) Slurm Workload Manager
13 1 (1.25%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 23 (28.75%) Puppet
2 9 (11.25%) Opscode Chef
3 8 (10.00%) yum
4 7 (8.75%) Kubernetes
5 5 (6.25%) Ansible
5 5 (6.25%) Oracle ZFS
6 4 (5.00%) HAProxy
6 4 (5.00%) vMotion
6 4 (5.00%) vRealize
7 2 (2.50%) BladeLogic
7 2 (2.50%) Cisco Prime
7 2 (2.50%) Mesos
7 2 (2.50%) OpenAM
7 2 (2.50%) SCCM
8 1 (1.25%) Cacti
8 1 (1.25%) Forefront Identity Manager
8 1 (1.25%) Nagios
8 1 (1.25%) Norton AntiVirus
8 1 (1.25%) SCOrch
8 1 (1.25%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 51 (63.75%) VMware
2 28 (35.00%) Red Hat
3 21 (26.25%) Cisco
4 20 (25.00%) Oracle
5 11 (13.75%) EMC
5 11 (13.75%) Intel
5 11 (13.75%) NetApp
6 10 (12.50%) IBM
7 9 (11.25%) HP
7 9 (11.25%) Sybase
7 9 (11.25%) TIBCO
8 8 (10.00%) Informatica
8 8 (10.00%) Sun
9 7 (8.75%) SaltStack
10 6 (7.50%) Microsoft
10 6 (7.50%) Veritas
11 4 (5.00%) AppDynamics
12 3 (3.75%) Avaya
12 3 (3.75%) Equitrac
12 3 (3.75%) MuleSoft
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