Period
to 21 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 21 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 766 702 799
Rank change year-on-year -64 +97 +5
Contract jobs citing KVM 111 180 89
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.11% 0.17% 0.078%
As % of the System Software category 0.85% 1.39% 0.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 77 141 63
UK median daily rate £410 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -13.68% +11.76% +3.03%
10th Percentile £307 £280 £283
90th Percentile £538 £620 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £405 £425 £409
% change year-on-year -4.71% +3.91% +8.34%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 0
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £18.00 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £18.00 -

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 12985 12942 11608
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.59% 12.36% 10.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 8431 8106 6614
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £365
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +9.59% +8.15%
10th Percentile £156 £173 £158
90th Percentile £609 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £330
% change year-on-year +7.14% +6.06% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 726 880 1248
UK median hourly rate £16.50 £16.00 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.13% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £10.40 £10.50 £10.00
90th Percentile £46.82 £42.00 £38.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.00 £15.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year - -6.25% +6.67%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing KVM as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing KVM.

Contractor daily rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing KVM over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM.

Contractor hourly rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing KVM over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for KVM in the UK

KVM
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -52 110 £410 -13.68% 12
UK excluding London +3 69 £405 -4.71% 5
London -72 42 £425 -15.00% 7
North of England +19 32 £410 +9.33% 1
South East +6 20 £338 -38.64% 1
North West +29 14 £425 - 1
North East +30 13 £356 +15.85%
South West - 9 £435 - 1
Midlands +27 8 £325 - 2
East Midlands - 6 £320 - 1
Yorkshire +19 5 £470 -10.48%
West Midlands +22 1 £850 - 1
Wales +12 1 - -

For the 6 months to 21 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for KVM.

1 106 (95.50%) Linux
2 80 (72.07%) VMware
3 72 (64.86%) VMware Infrastructure
4 64 (57.66%) Red Hat
5 46 (41.44%) Puppet
6 44 (39.64%) Bash Shell
6 44 (39.64%) Firewall
7 43 (38.74%) Ansible
8 42 (37.84%) Python
8 42 (37.84%) Security Cleared
9 41 (36.94%) CentOS
10 39 (35.14%) Windows
11 37 (33.33%) Unix
11 37 (33.33%) Ubuntu
12 36 (32.43%) SC Cleared
13 35 (31.53%) Oracle
14 33 (29.73%) Apache
15 31 (27.93%) Tomcat
15 31 (27.93%) LDAP
16 30 (27.03%) TCP/IP
16 30 (27.03%) High Availability
17 29 (26.13%) Git (software)
17 29 (26.13%) AIX
17 29 (26.13%) Configuration Management
18 28 (25.23%) DNS
19 27 (24.32%) Hyper-V
19 27 (24.32%) OpenStack
20 26 (23.42%) Veritas
20 26 (23.42%) Solaris
21 25 (22.52%) WebLogic

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (29.73%) Apache
2 31 (27.93%) Tomcat
3 27 (24.32%) OpenStack
4 25 (22.52%) WebLogic
5 23 (20.72%) iPlanet
5 23 (20.72%) JBoss
6 21 (18.92%) Oracle Application Server
7 12 (10.81%) BizTalk Server
7 12 (10.81%) MQSeries
7 12 (10.81%) SharePoint
8 11 (9.91%) WebLogic Portal
9 5 (4.50%) Elasticsearch
10 2 (1.80%) Confluence
10 2 (1.80%) nginx
11 1 (0.90%) IIS
11 1 (0.90%) Jetty
11 1 (0.90%) Mongrel
11 1 (0.90%) SAS
11 1 (0.90%) WebSphere
Applications
1 12 (10.81%) Microsoft Office
1 12 (10.81%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 24 (21.62%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 18 (16.22%) Amazon AWS
2 5 (4.50%) Cloud Computing
3 4 (3.60%) IaaS
3 4 (3.60%) Microsoft Azure
3 4 (3.60%) PaaS
4 2 (1.80%) GitHub
4 2 (1.80%) Google Cloud Platform
5 1 (0.90%) Amazon EC2
5 1 (0.90%) Amazon ELB
5 1 (0.90%) Amazon S3
5 1 (0.90%) Google App Engine
5 1 (0.90%) Rackspace Cloud
5 1 (0.90%) Route 53
5 1 (0.90%) Stackdriver
5 1 (0.90%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 44 (39.64%) Firewall
2 31 (27.93%) LDAP
3 30 (27.03%) TCP/IP
4 28 (25.23%) DNS
5 23 (20.72%) SAN
6 16 (14.41%) NAS
7 10 (9.01%) 3G
7 10 (9.01%) 4G
7 10 (9.01%) GSM
7 10 (9.01%) OpenFlow
7 10 (9.01%) WAN
8 8 (7.21%) FCoE
8 8 (7.21%) iSCSI
9 6 (5.41%) HTTP
10 4 (3.60%) HTTPS
10 4 (3.60%) LAN
10 4 (3.60%) SSL
11 3 (2.70%) OpenVPN
11 3 (2.70%) SMS
11 3 (2.70%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (9.01%) MongoDB
1 10 (9.01%) MySQL
2 5 (4.50%) Apache Cassandra
2 5 (4.50%) Oracle Reports
3 3 (2.70%) PostgreSQL
4 2 (1.80%) SQL Server
4 2 (1.80%) SQL Server 2008
5 1 (0.90%) Amazon RDS
5 1 (0.90%) Redis
Development Applications
1 29 (26.13%) Git (software)
2 11 (9.91%) Jenkins
3 4 (3.60%) Subversion
4 3 (2.70%) TeamCity
5 2 (1.80%) Ant
5 2 (1.80%) git-flow
5 2 (1.80%) Gradle
5 2 (1.80%) JIRA
5 2 (1.80%) Maven
5 2 (1.80%) MSBuild
6 1 (0.90%) Apache Ivy
6 1 (0.90%) Artifactory
6 1 (0.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 1 (0.90%) Bitbucket
6 1 (0.90%) GitLab
6 1 (0.90%) Mercurial
6 1 (0.90%) RSpec
6 1 (0.90%) Selenium
6 1 (0.90%) Sonatype Nexus
6 1 (0.90%) Vagrant
General
1 16 (14.41%) Telecoms
2 7 (6.31%) Finance
3 5 (4.50%) Banking
3 5 (4.50%) Investment Banking
4 3 (2.70%) Manufacturing
5 1 (0.90%) Aerospace
5 1 (0.90%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 23 (20.72%) Administrator
2 22 (19.82%) Systems Administrator
3 20 (18.02%) Linux Administrator
3 20 (18.02%) Linux Systems Administrator
4 19 (17.12%) Linux Engineer
5 16 (14.41%) DevOps Engineer
6 15 (13.51%) Unix Engineer
7 11 (9.91%) VMWare Administrator
8 9 (8.11%) Developer
8 9 (8.11%) Solaris Engineer
8 9 (8.11%) Systems Engineer
9 8 (7.21%) Linux Systems Engineer
9 8 (7.21%) Software Engineer
10 7 (6.31%) AIX Engineer
11 6 (5.41%) Architect
11 6 (5.41%) C++ Developer
11 6 (5.41%) Cloud Architect
11 6 (5.41%) Consultant
12 4 (3.60%) Cloud Infrastructure Architect
12 4 (3.60%) Linux DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 23 (20.72%) J2EE
2 11 (9.91%) Boost C++ Libraries
3 7 (6.31%) Elastic Stack
4 4 (3.60%) LAMP
4 4 (3.60%) Sensu
5 3 (2.70%) Web Services
6 2 (1.80%) LAPP Stack
6 2 (1.80%) Middleware
6 2 (1.80%) RabbitMQ
6 2 (1.80%) Ruby on Rails
7 1 (0.90%) AngularJS
7 1 (0.90%) HTML5
7 1 (0.90%) JRuby
7 1 (0.90%) JSON
7 1 (0.90%) LEMP Stack
7 1 (0.90%) Memcached
7 1 (0.90%) Node.js
7 1 (0.90%) RESTful
7 1 (0.90%) Twitter Bootstrap
7 1 (0.90%) ZeroMQ
Miscellaneous
1 22 (19.82%) Clustering
2 21 (18.92%) Data Centre
3 7 (6.31%) Spread Betting
4 6 (5.41%) Grid Computing
5 4 (3.60%) Video on Demand
6 3 (2.70%) Analytical Skills
6 3 (2.70%) Enterprise Software
6 3 (2.70%) Linux Command Line
7 2 (1.80%) CMDB
7 2 (1.80%) Computer Science
7 2 (1.80%) N-Tier
8 1 (0.90%) Client/Server
8 1 (0.90%) Device Driver
8 1 (0.90%) Digital Media
8 1 (0.90%) Management Information System
8 1 (0.90%) Mobile Banking
8 1 (0.90%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 106 (95.50%) Linux
2 41 (36.94%) CentOS
3 39 (35.14%) Windows
4 37 (33.33%) Ubuntu
4 37 (33.33%) Unix
5 29 (26.13%) AIX
6 26 (23.42%) Solaris
7 24 (21.62%) HPUX
7 24 (21.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 21 (18.92%) Debian
8 21 (18.92%) SUSE
9 15 (13.51%) Windows Server
10 3 (2.70%) CoreOS
10 3 (2.70%) FreeBSD
10 3 (2.70%) Windows 10
10 3 (2.70%) Windows 7
11 2 (1.80%) DC/OS
12 1 (0.90%) Amazon Linux
12 1 (0.90%) Fedora
12 1 (0.90%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 30 (27.03%) High Availability
2 29 (26.13%) Configuration Management
3 25 (22.52%) Load Balancing
4 23 (20.72%) DevOps
5 16 (14.41%) ITIL
6 15 (13.51%) Open Source
7 13 (11.71%) Procure-to-Pay
7 13 (11.71%) Software Engineering
8 11 (9.91%) Multithreading
9 9 (8.11%) Translating Business Requirements
10 8 (7.21%) Agile Software Development
10 8 (7.21%) Continuous Integration
10 8 (7.21%) Performance Analysis
10 8 (7.21%) Unit Testing
11 7 (6.31%) Server Building
12 6 (5.41%) Performance Tuning
13 5 (4.50%) Capacity Planning
13 5 (4.50%) Requirements Management
13 5 (4.50%) Root Cause Analysis
13 5 (4.50%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 44 (39.64%) Bash Shell
2 42 (37.84%) Python
3 25 (22.52%) Perl
4 15 (13.51%) C
5 12 (10.81%) C++
5 12 (10.81%) Korn
6 10 (9.01%) C-shell
6 10 (9.01%) Shell Script
7 8 (7.21%) Ruby
8 7 (6.31%) PHP
9 6 (5.41%) Java
9 6 (5.41%) SQL
10 4 (3.60%) PowerShell
11 1 (0.90%) Go
11 1 (0.90%) JavaScript
Qualifications
1 42 (37.84%) Security Cleared
2 36 (32.43%) SC Cleared
3 3 (2.70%) BPSS Clearance
3 3 (2.70%) Degree
3 3 (2.70%) RHCE
4 2 (1.80%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (1.80%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.90%) CCNP
5 1 (0.90%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (0.90%) VCP6
5 1 (0.90%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.70%) SLA
2 2 (1.80%) GCP
3 1 (0.90%) QA
System Software
1 72 (64.86%) VMware Infrastructure
2 27 (24.32%) Hyper-V
3 23 (20.72%) Docker
3 23 (20.72%) Veritas Volume Manager
4 22 (19.82%) VMware ESXi
5 15 (13.51%) LXC
5 15 (13.51%) Oracle RAC
6 12 (10.81%) Samba
7 9 (8.11%) Xen
8 5 (4.50%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (3.60%) iptables
9 4 (3.60%) VMware NSX
10 3 (2.70%) pfSense
11 2 (1.80%) RHEV
11 2 (1.80%) vCloud
11 2 (1.80%) vSphere
11 2 (1.80%) XenServer
12 1 (0.90%) Snort
12 1 (0.90%) Squid
12 1 (0.90%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 46 (41.44%) Puppet
2 43 (38.74%) Ansible
3 22 (19.82%) Opscode Chef
4 13 (11.71%) yum
5 12 (10.81%) OpenView
5 12 (10.81%) Packer
6 7 (6.31%) logstash
7 6 (5.41%) Kubernetes
7 6 (5.41%) Nagios
7 6 (5.41%) vCenter Server
8 5 (4.50%) vRealize
9 4 (3.60%) Grafana
9 4 (3.60%) Juju
9 4 (3.60%) Red Hat Satellite
10 3 (2.70%) Icinga
10 3 (2.70%) Kibana
10 3 (2.70%) Rancher
10 3 (2.70%) vMotion
11 2 (1.80%) HAProxy
11 2 (1.80%) Salt
Vendors
1 80 (72.07%) VMware
2 64 (57.66%) Red Hat
3 35 (31.53%) Oracle
4 26 (23.42%) Veritas
5 24 (21.62%) PlateSpin
5 24 (21.62%) Sun
6 23 (20.72%) Cisco
7 19 (17.12%) F5
8 17 (15.32%) HP
9 12 (10.81%) Cognos
9 12 (10.81%) Opsware
10 6 (5.41%) Borland
10 6 (5.41%) SaltStack
11 5 (4.50%) EMC
11 5 (4.50%) NetApp
11 5 (4.50%) Splunk
12 4 (3.60%) Microsoft
13 2 (1.80%) BMC
13 2 (1.80%) Citrix
13 2 (1.80%) ServiceNow