Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 777 513 797
Rank change year-on-year -264 +284 +54
Contract jobs citing KVM 53 20 36
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.062% 0.061% 0.043%
As % of the System Software category 0.44% 0.42% 0.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 36 6 20
10th Percentile £378 £176 £158
25th Percentile £456 £289 £241
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £481 £413
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +16.67% -8.33%
75th Percentile £613 £536 £461
90th Percentile £636 £575 £511
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £550 £406
% change year-on-year -13.64% +35.38% -9.72%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Median hourly rate - £57.50 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £57.50 -

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 11,919 4,747 13,182
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.95% 14.56% 15.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,469 3,185 8,855
10th Percentile £206 £221 £163
25th Percentile £400 £363 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £600 £575 £570
90th Percentile £680 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £432 £413
% change year-on-year -1.62% +4.73% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 393 187 645
10th Percentile £12.25 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.74 £12.55 £13.50
Median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
Median % change year-on-year - +6.06% +3.13%
75th Percentile £32.00 £39.00 £24.41
90th Percentile £64.50 £53.85 £47.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.23 £16.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year +1.44% - +3.23%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing KVM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing KVM.

Daily rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing KVM over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing KVM.

Hourly rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Top 9 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -220 37 £525 +7.69% 18
Work from Home -189 31 £525 -8.70% 7
London -169 24 £525 +9.09% 8
UK excluding London -152 12 £475 -13.64% 10
East of England -40 6 £575 - 2
South West -49 3 £475 - 2
South East -95 2 - - 2
North West - 1 £400 -
North of England - 1 £400 - 2

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for KVM.

1 35 (66.04%) Linux
2 27 (50.94%) VMware
3 22 (41.51%) Cisco
4 21 (39.62%) VMware Infrastructure
5 20 (37.74%) Ansible
6 18 (33.96%) Docker
6 18 (33.96%) Puppet
6 18 (33.96%) Python
6 18 (33.96%) Data Centre
7 17 (32.08%) Windows
7 17 (32.08%) OpenStack
8 16 (30.19%) AWS
8 16 (30.19%) Hyper-V
9 15 (28.30%) Red Hat
9 15 (28.30%) DNS
9 15 (28.30%) SAN
9 15 (28.30%) Xen
9 15 (28.30%) GCP
10 14 (26.42%) Kubernetes
10 14 (26.42%) Terraform
10 14 (26.42%) Google
11 13 (24.53%) NAS
11 13 (24.53%) WAN
11 13 (24.53%) Solaris
11 13 (24.53%) LAN
11 13 (24.53%) Oracle
12 12 (22.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 12 (22.64%) JIRA
12 12 (22.64%) Confluence
12 12 (22.64%) GitHub

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (32.08%) OpenStack
2 12 (22.64%) Confluence
3 7 (13.21%) Tomcat
3 7 (13.21%) WebSphere
3 7 (13.21%) WebSphere Application Server
4 1 (1.89%) Apache
Applications
1 1 (1.89%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (1.89%) Microsoft Project
1 1 (1.89%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 16 (30.19%) AWS
2 15 (28.30%) GCP
3 12 (22.64%) GitHub
4 10 (18.87%) Azure
5 5 (9.43%) SaaS
6 4 (7.55%) Apigee
6 4 (7.55%) Cloud Computing
6 4 (7.55%) GitHub Actions
6 4 (7.55%) IaaS
6 4 (7.55%) PaaS
7 1 (1.89%) OpenShift
7 1 (1.89%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 15 (28.30%) DNS
1 15 (28.30%) SAN
2 13 (24.53%) LAN
2 13 (24.53%) NAS
2 13 (24.53%) WAN
3 10 (18.87%) Cisco Nexus
3 10 (18.87%) IPv6
4 8 (15.09%) Internet
4 8 (15.09%) VPN
4 8 (15.09%) Wireless
5 7 (13.21%) DHCP
5 7 (13.21%) FCoE
5 7 (13.21%) Fibre Channel
5 7 (13.21%) Firewall
5 7 (13.21%) IPv4
5 7 (13.21%) iSCSI
5 7 (13.21%) Multicast
5 7 (13.21%) ZigBee
6 6 (11.32%) SD-WAN
6 6 (11.32%) VXLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (13.21%) SQL Server
2 5 (9.43%) MongoDB
3 2 (3.77%) Hadoop
3 2 (3.77%) HBase
4 1 (1.89%) MySQL
4 1 (1.89%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 12 (22.64%) JIRA
2 9 (16.98%) Jenkins
2 9 (16.98%) Sonatype Nexus
3 5 (9.43%) Arsenale Dataplane
3 5 (9.43%) Git (software)
3 5 (9.43%) GitLab
3 5 (9.43%) TestRail
4 2 (3.77%) Subversion
5 1 (1.89%) Ant
5 1 (1.89%) Artifactory
5 1 (1.89%) Gradle
5 1 (1.89%) Maven
General
1 11 (20.75%) Finance
2 9 (16.98%) Telecoms
3 5 (9.43%) Banking
3 5 (9.43%) Social Skills
4 4 (7.55%) Financial Institution
4 4 (7.55%) Influencing Skills
4 4 (7.55%) Legal
5 2 (3.77%) Advertising
5 2 (3.77%) Analytical Skills
5 2 (3.77%) Retail Banking
6 1 (1.89%) Documentation Skills
6 1 (1.89%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 16 (30.19%) Architect
2 8 (15.09%) Cloud Engineer
2 8 (15.09%) Solutions Architect
3 7 (13.21%) Network Engineer
4 6 (11.32%) Developer
4 6 (11.32%) Infrastructure Architect
4 6 (11.32%) Platform Engineer
5 5 (9.43%) VMware Architect
6 4 (7.55%) Embedded Developer
6 4 (7.55%) Linux Developer
6 4 (7.55%) Python Developer
6 4 (7.55%) Subject Matter Expert
7 3 (5.66%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 3 (5.66%) Infrastructure Solutions Architect
8 2 (3.77%) Administrator
8 2 (3.77%) Cisco Engineer
8 2 (3.77%) Design Engineer
8 2 (3.77%) Lead Network Engineer
8 2 (3.77%) Software Engineer
8 2 (3.77%) Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9 (16.98%) YAML
2 8 (15.09%) Middleware
3 7 (13.21%) JSON
3 7 (13.21%) XML
4 5 (9.43%) RESTful
4 5 (9.43%) Spine.js
5 4 (7.55%) Web Services
6 2 (3.77%) 802.1X
6 2 (3.77%) HTML
6 2 (3.77%) LDAP
6 2 (3.77%) XSLT
7 1 (1.89%) .NET
7 1 (1.89%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 18 (33.96%) Data Centre
2 5 (9.43%) Algorithms
2 5 (9.43%) Derivative
2 5 (9.43%) Device Driver
2 5 (9.43%) Public Cloud
3 4 (7.55%) Hedge funds
3 4 (7.55%) IBM Storwize
3 4 (7.55%) VxBlock/Vblock
4 3 (5.66%) Linux Command Line
5 2 (3.77%) Cloud Native
5 2 (3.77%) PKI
5 2 (3.77%) Virtual Team
6 1 (1.89%) Clustering
6 1 (1.89%) Management Information System
6 1 (1.89%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 35 (66.04%) Linux
2 17 (32.08%) Windows
3 13 (24.53%) Solaris
4 12 (22.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 9 (16.98%) Unix
6 7 (13.21%) Ubuntu
7 5 (9.43%) Embedded Linux
8 4 (7.55%) AIX
8 4 (7.55%) HPUX
8 4 (7.55%) Windows 2000
8 4 (7.55%) Windows Server
8 4 (7.55%) Windows Server 2003
8 4 (7.55%) Windows Server 2008
8 4 (7.55%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (3.77%) CentOS
9 2 (3.77%) Debian
9 2 (3.77%) Oracle Linux
9 2 (3.77%) SUSE
9 2 (3.77%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 10 (18.87%) Agile Software Development
1 10 (18.87%) Infrastructure as Code
2 9 (16.98%) Validation
3 8 (15.09%) Configuration Management
3 8 (15.09%) ITIL
4 7 (13.21%) Continuous Delivery
4 7 (13.21%) Continuous Integration
4 7 (13.21%) Performance Tuning
5 6 (11.32%) Benchmarking
5 6 (11.32%) Computer Science
5 6 (11.32%) Open Source
5 6 (11.32%) Software Engineering
6 5 (9.43%) Cryptography
6 5 (9.43%) Cybersecurity
6 5 (9.43%) Data Protection
6 5 (9.43%) Disaster Recovery
6 5 (9.43%) Embedded Software Development
6 5 (9.43%) ITSM
6 5 (9.43%) Network Design
6 5 (9.43%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 18 (33.96%) Python
2 11 (20.75%) Java
3 8 (15.09%) C
4 7 (13.21%) SQL
5 6 (11.32%) Perl
6 5 (9.43%) C++
6 5 (9.43%) Go
6 5 (9.43%) JavaScript
6 5 (9.43%) Rust
7 4 (7.55%) PowerShell
7 4 (7.55%) Ruby
8 3 (5.66%) Bash Shell
9 1 (1.89%) C#
9 1 (1.89%) Kotlin
9 1 (1.89%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 9 (16.98%) Degree
2 8 (15.09%) Cisco Certification
3 7 (13.21%) CCNA
4 6 (11.32%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (3.77%) CCNP
5 2 (3.77%) ITIL Certification
6 1 (1.89%) CCIE
6 1 (1.89%) CCIE Service Provider
6 1 (1.89%) CCSP
6 1 (1.89%) CISSP
6 1 (1.89%) JNCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (9.43%) GDPR
1 5 (9.43%) OASIS TOSCA
2 1 (1.89%) SLA
System Software
1 21 (39.62%) VMware Infrastructure
2 18 (33.96%) Docker
3 16 (30.19%) Hyper-V
4 15 (28.30%) Xen
5 10 (18.87%) VMware ESXi
6 9 (16.98%) Active Directory
7 8 (15.09%) LXC
7 8 (15.09%) NFS
8 7 (13.21%) SRDF
9 5 (9.43%) iptables
10 4 (7.55%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 4 (7.55%) Firmware
10 4 (7.55%) vCloud
10 4 (7.55%) vSphere
11 3 (5.66%) Virtual Machines
12 2 (3.77%) Oracle RAC
13 1 (1.89%) Postfix
13 1 (1.89%) qmail
13 1 (1.89%) Sendmail
13 1 (1.89%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 20 (37.74%) Ansible
2 18 (33.96%) Puppet
3 14 (26.42%) Kubernetes
3 14 (26.42%) Terraform
4 10 (18.87%) Opscode Chef
5 6 (11.32%) NetBackup
5 6 (11.32%) vCenter Server
6 5 (9.43%) Cloudify
6 5 (9.43%) Docker Swarm
6 5 (9.43%) Grafana
6 5 (9.43%) Juju
6 5 (9.43%) Prometheus
7 4 (7.55%) Cisco CUCM
7 4 (7.55%) Tivoli Storage Manager
7 4 (7.55%) vRealize
7 4 (7.55%) vRealize Orchestrator
8 2 (3.77%) Cobbler
8 2 (3.77%) Proxmox
9 1 (1.89%) CASB
9 1 (1.89%) Istio
Vendors
1 27 (50.94%) VMware
2 22 (41.51%) Cisco
3 15 (28.30%) Red Hat
4 14 (26.42%) Google
5 13 (24.53%) Oracle
6 11 (20.75%) EMC
6 11 (20.75%) Juniper
6 11 (20.75%) NetApp
7 9 (16.98%) Microsoft
8 8 (15.09%) Mirantis
9 7 (13.21%) HP
10 5 (9.43%) Atlassian
10 5 (9.43%) Citrix
10 5 (9.43%) Ericsson
10 5 (9.43%) IBM
10 5 (9.43%) ServiceNow
11 4 (7.55%) Brocade
11 4 (7.55%) Hitachi
12 3 (5.66%) SaltStack
12 3 (5.66%) Zscaler