Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 28 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK
6 months to
28 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 770 653 610
Rank change year-on-year -117 -43 +190
Contract jobs citing KVM 66 57 17
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.075% 0.096% 0.036%
As % of the System Software category 0.56% 0.67% 0.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 47 27 13
10th Percentile £373 £324 £133
25th Percentile £447 £422 £140
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £388
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +35.48% -19.92%
75th Percentile £620 £644 £500
90th Percentile £725 £650 £560
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £563 £140
% change year-on-year -11.11% +301.79% -70.28%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 0 0
10th Percentile £41.92 - -
25th Percentile £42.18 - -
Median hourly rate £46.32 - -
75th Percentile £48.75 - -
90th Percentile - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.32 - -

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 11,759 8,500 7,305
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.33% 14.25% 15.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,443 5,903 4,969
10th Percentile £200 £225 £181
25th Percentile £400 £385 £340
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £495 £468
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% +5.77% -1.47%
75th Percentile £625 £575 £563
90th Percentile £700 £658 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 302 297 360
10th Percentile £13.00 £11.64 £11.26
25th Percentile £14.81 £14.00 £13.25
Median hourly rate £19.00 £21.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year -9.52% +20.00% +6.19%
75th Percentile £40.56 £50.00 £24.31
90th Percentile £57.50 £64.50 £52.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.27 £16.33
% change year-on-year -4.21% +11.91% +5.80%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing KVM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing KVM.

Daily rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing KVM over the 6 months to 28 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing KVM.

Hourly rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Top 10 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the UK over the 6 months to 28 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -134 45 £510 -7.27% 12
UK excluding London -62 35 £500 -11.11% 10
Work from Home -120 35 £575 +15.00% 7
South East -21 21 £481 +10.00% 2
London -127 12 £588 +14.63% 3
East of England -35 6 £510 -11.30% 3
North of England -46 4 £375 - 2
Scotland - 4 - - 1
North West -48 2 £375 - 1
Yorkshire - 2 £380 - 1

For the 6 months to 28 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for KVM.

1 39 (59.09%) VMware
2 37 (56.06%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (43.94%) Docker
3 29 (43.94%) Linux
4 28 (42.42%) Ansible
5 26 (39.39%) DHCP
5 26 (39.39%) DNS
6 25 (37.88%) Social Skills
7 23 (34.85%) Python
8 21 (31.82%) Cisco
8 21 (31.82%) Terraform
9 20 (30.30%) Juniper
10 19 (28.79%) CCNA
10 19 (28.79%) Cisco Certification
11 18 (27.27%) IPv6
11 18 (27.27%) Wireless
11 18 (27.27%) ZigBee
11 18 (27.27%) Kubernetes
11 18 (27.27%) Infrastructure as Code
12 17 (25.76%) Data Centre
12 17 (25.76%) Public Cloud
12 17 (25.76%) Firewall
13 16 (24.24%) AWS
14 15 (22.73%) Migration
14 15 (22.73%) MPLS
15 14 (21.21%) OSPF
15 14 (21.21%) BGP
15 14 (21.21%) CCNP
15 14 (21.21%) Red Hat
15 14 (21.21%) LAN

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (15.15%) OpenStack
2 6 (9.09%) Confluence
3 1 (1.52%) CloudStack
Applications
1 1 (1.52%) Adobe Illustrator
1 1 (1.52%) FrameMaker
Cloud Services
1 16 (24.24%) AWS
2 14 (21.21%) Azure
3 8 (12.12%) OpenShift
4 6 (9.09%) Cloud Computing
5 5 (7.58%) GCP
6 4 (6.06%) Amazon EKS
6 4 (6.06%) Azure Stack
6 4 (6.06%) Nutanix
6 4 (6.06%) Tricentis Tosca
7 3 (4.55%) GitHub
8 2 (3.03%) Datadog
9 1 (1.52%) Amazon EC2
9 1 (1.52%) Amazon S3
9 1 (1.52%) Google Workspace
9 1 (1.52%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 26 (39.39%) DHCP
1 26 (39.39%) DNS
2 18 (27.27%) IPv6
2 18 (27.27%) Wireless
2 18 (27.27%) ZigBee
3 17 (25.76%) Firewall
4 15 (22.73%) MPLS
5 14 (21.21%) BGP
5 14 (21.21%) LAN
5 14 (21.21%) OSPF
5 14 (21.21%) WAN
6 13 (19.70%) 4G
6 13 (19.70%) 802.11
6 13 (19.70%) Cisco Nexus
6 13 (19.70%) Internet
6 13 (19.70%) IPsec
6 13 (19.70%) LTE
6 13 (19.70%) Network Security
6 13 (19.70%) SD-WAN
6 13 (19.70%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1 (1.52%) Big Data
1 1 (1.52%) Flink
1 1 (1.52%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 13 (19.70%) Sonatype Nexus
2 10 (15.15%) Jenkins
3 9 (13.64%) GitLab
4 6 (9.09%) JIRA
5 5 (7.58%) Arsenale Dataplane
5 5 (7.58%) TestRail
6 3 (4.55%) Git (software)
General
1 25 (37.88%) Social Skills
2 13 (19.70%) Influencing Skills
3 7 (10.61%) Telecoms
4 3 (4.55%) Analytical Skills
5 2 (3.03%) Finance
5 2 (3.03%) Organisational Skills
5 2 (3.03%) Retail
6 1 (1.52%) Advertising
6 1 (1.52%) Aerospace
6 1 (1.52%) Military
Job Titles
1 12 (18.18%) Architect
2 9 (13.64%) Developer
2 9 (13.64%) Network Engineer
3 7 (10.61%) DevOps Engineer
4 6 (9.09%) Design Engineer
4 6 (9.09%) Network Architect
4 6 (9.09%) Network Design Engineer
5 5 (7.58%) Cloud Engineer
6 4 (6.06%) Embedded Developer
6 4 (6.06%) Full Stack Developer
6 4 (6.06%) Integration Engineer
6 4 (6.06%) Linux Engineer
7 3 (4.55%) C Software Engineer
7 3 (4.55%) Embedded C Engineer
7 3 (4.55%) Embedded C Software Engineer
7 3 (4.55%) Embedded Engineer
7 3 (4.55%) Embedded Software Engineer
7 3 (4.55%) Python Engineer
7 3 (4.55%) Python Software Engineer
7 3 (4.55%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (19.70%) 802.1X
2 6 (9.09%) libvirt
2 6 (9.09%) RESTful
3 5 (7.58%) Node.js
3 5 (7.58%) XML
4 4 (6.06%) JSON
4 4 (6.06%) LDAP
4 4 (6.06%) Yocto
5 2 (3.03%) Kafka
5 2 (3.03%) OpenEmbedded
5 2 (3.03%) YAML
6 1 (1.52%) Django
6 1 (1.52%) Flask
6 1 (1.52%) OpenDaylight
6 1 (1.52%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 17 (25.76%) Data Centre
1 17 (25.76%) Public Cloud
2 11 (16.67%) IoT
3 10 (15.15%) Private Cloud
4 5 (7.58%) Algorithms
4 5 (7.58%) Device Driver
5 2 (3.03%) Cybercrime
5 2 (3.03%) EPoS
5 2 (3.03%) Linux Command Line
6 1 (1.52%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 29 (43.94%) Linux
2 14 (21.21%) VMS
3 8 (12.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 8 (12.12%) Windows
4 7 (10.61%) Embedded Linux
5 4 (6.06%) Unix
6 3 (4.55%) CentOS
6 3 (4.55%) Windows 10
6 3 (4.55%) Windows Server
7 2 (3.03%) AIX
7 2 (3.03%) Android
7 2 (3.03%) Apple iOS
7 2 (3.03%) Debian
7 2 (3.03%) Fedora
7 2 (3.03%) HPUX
7 2 (3.03%) Oracle Linux
7 2 (3.03%) Solaris
7 2 (3.03%) SUSE
7 2 (3.03%) Ubuntu
8 1 (1.52%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 18 (27.27%) Infrastructure as Code
2 15 (22.73%) Migration
3 13 (19.70%) Business Continuity
3 13 (19.70%) Cost Reduction
3 13 (19.70%) ITIL
3 13 (19.70%) Task Automation
4 10 (15.15%) Full Stack Development
5 9 (13.64%) DevOps
6 8 (12.12%) Configuration Management
6 8 (12.12%) Test Automation
7 7 (10.61%) Cybersecurity
8 6 (9.09%) Agile
8 6 (9.09%) CI/CD
8 6 (9.09%) Network Design
9 5 (7.58%) Cryptography
9 5 (7.58%) Embedded Software Development
9 5 (7.58%) High Availability
9 5 (7.58%) Open Source
9 5 (7.58%) Software Engineering
9 5 (7.58%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 23 (34.85%) Python
2 9 (13.64%) Rust
3 7 (10.61%) Go
4 5 (7.58%) Bash
4 5 (7.58%) C
4 5 (7.58%) C++
5 4 (6.06%) JavaScript
6 3 (4.55%) Perl
6 3 (4.55%) SQL
7 2 (3.03%) Java
7 2 (3.03%) Shell Script
8 1 (1.52%) Clojure
8 1 (1.52%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 19 (28.79%) CCNA
1 19 (28.79%) Cisco Certification
2 14 (21.21%) CCNP
3 13 (19.70%) ITIL Certification
4 12 (18.18%) Security Cleared
5 6 (9.09%) CCIE
6 5 (7.58%) SC Cleared
7 4 (6.06%) RHCE
7 4 (6.06%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 2 (3.03%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (1.52%) Degree
9 1 (1.52%) HND
9 1 (1.52%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (6.06%) OASIS TOSCA
1 4 (6.06%) SLA
2 2 (3.03%) PCI DSS
3 1 (1.52%) QA
System Software
1 37 (56.06%) VMware Infrastructure
2 29 (43.94%) Docker
3 12 (18.18%) VMware ESXi
4 11 (16.67%) Xen
5 9 (13.64%) vSphere
6 7 (10.61%) iptables
6 7 (10.61%) VMware NSX
7 6 (9.09%) oVirt
8 5 (7.58%) Ceph
9 4 (6.06%) Active Directory
10 3 (4.55%) Hyper-V
10 3 (4.55%) vCloud
10 3 (4.55%) Virtual Machines
11 1 (1.52%) NFS
11 1 (1.52%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 28 (42.42%) Ansible
2 21 (31.82%) Terraform
3 18 (27.27%) Kubernetes
4 4 (6.06%) Cloudify
4 4 (6.06%) Puppet
4 4 (6.06%) Rancher
5 3 (4.55%) vRealize
5 3 (4.55%) vRealize Orchestrator
6 2 (3.03%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (3.03%) Salt
6 2 (3.03%) ZABBIX
7 1 (1.52%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (1.52%) Packer
7 1 (1.52%) SELinux
Vendors
1 39 (59.09%) VMware
2 21 (31.82%) Cisco
3 20 (30.30%) Juniper
4 14 (21.21%) Red Hat
5 13 (19.70%) Aruba
5 13 (19.70%) Fortinet
5 13 (19.70%) Palo Alto
5 13 (19.70%) Zscaler
6 7 (10.61%) Google
7 6 (9.09%) Atlassian
7 6 (9.09%) Nokia
8 5 (7.58%) Citrix
9 4 (6.06%) Ericsson
9 4 (6.06%) Microsoft
9 4 (6.06%) Mirantis
10 2 (3.03%) Dell
10 2 (3.03%) Meraki
10 2 (3.03%) Oracle
10 2 (3.03%) SaltStack
10 2 (3.03%) WatchGuard