The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 3 months to 27 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK
3 months to
27 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 543 526 593
Rank change year-on-year -17 +67  
Contract jobs citing KVM 67 128 49
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.14% 0.24% 0.089%
As % of the System Software category 1.27% 1.88% 0.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 57 85 23
Median daily rate £435 £463 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.94% +32.14%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £362 £280 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £531 £620 £455
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £345 £300
% change year-on-year +27.72% +14.83%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

KVM is in the system software skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

Contract System Software Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 5275 6809 5823
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 11.20% 12.61% 10.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 3382 4198 3290
Median daily rate £408 £400 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.87% +14.28%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £180 £205 £180
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £330
% change year-on-year +7.14% +6.06%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 308 479 604
Median hourly rate £17.00 £20.00 £17.98
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.00% +11.23%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.17 £12.00 £11.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £49.19 £42.00 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.28 £22.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year -27.64% +28.57%  

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing KVM as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the System Software category.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing KVM.

Contractor daily rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing KVM over the 3 months to 27 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for KVM in the UK

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM.

Contractor hourly rate trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Top 26 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the UK over the 3 months to 27 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -35 67 £435 -5.94% 27
London -36 22 £425 -19.04% 6
South East +27 20 £500 -9.09% 12
Hampshire - 15 £500 - 1
Croydon - 10 £463 -
South West - 7 £410 - 2
North West - 7 £425 - 3
Manchester - 7 £425 - 1
Bristol - 6 £410 - 1
Tyne and Wear +39 5 £420 +42.37%
Newcastle upon Tyne +39 5 £420 +42.37%
North East +38 5 £420 +42.37%
Yorkshire +27 4 £375 -28.57% 4
Leeds +20 4 £375 - 2
West Yorkshire +19 4 £375 - 2
Berkshire +19 3 £350 -36.36% 3
Salford - 3 £400 -
West Sussex - 2 £350 - 2
Eastleigh - 2 £500 -
Southampton - 2 £530 -
Slough - 2 £350 - 1
Midlands - 2 £363 -
City of London -9 1 £425 +3.65% 1
Gloucestershire - 1 - -
Crawley - 1 £375 - 1
Basingstoke - 1 £600 -

For the 6 months to 27 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for KVM.

1 81 (89.01%) Linux
2 74 (81.32%) VMware
3 73 (80.22%) VMware Infrastructure
4 56 (61.54%) Red Hat
5 46 (50.55%) Firewall
6 45 (49.45%) CentOS
7 39 (42.86%) Puppet
8 38 (41.76%) Windows
9 37 (40.66%) DNS
10 36 (39.56%) Python
11 35 (38.46%) Oracle
12 34 (37.36%) DevOps
13 33 (36.26%) TCP/IP
13 33 (36.26%) Configuration Management
14 32 (35.16%) Bash Shell
15 30 (32.97%) Hyper-V
15 30 (32.97%) Git (software)
15 30 (32.97%) Ubuntu
15 30 (32.97%) OpenStack
16 29 (31.87%) Docker
17 28 (30.77%) Security Cleared
18 27 (29.67%) Ansible
19 26 (28.57%) SC Cleared
19 26 (28.57%) Xen
20 25 (27.47%) LDAP
20 25 (27.47%) Opscode Chef
21 23 (25.27%) Windows Server
21 23 (25.27%) Amazon AWS
21 23 (25.27%) Open Source
22 22 (24.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (32.97%) OpenStack
2 17 (18.68%) Apache
2 17 (18.68%) Tomcat
3 12 (13.19%) iPlanet
3 12 (13.19%) JBoss
3 12 (13.19%) WebLogic
4 11 (12.09%) Oracle Application Server
5 5 (5.49%) BizTalk Server
5 5 (5.49%) MQSeries
5 5 (5.49%) SharePoint
6 4 (4.40%) Confluence
6 4 (4.40%) IIS
6 4 (4.40%) WebLogic Portal
7 2 (2.20%) CloudStack
7 2 (2.20%) DataSynapse
7 2 (2.20%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (2.20%) Oracle Coherence
7 2 (2.20%) Oracle HTTP Server
7 2 (2.20%) WebSphere
8 1 (1.10%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 5 (5.49%) Microsoft Office
1 5 (5.49%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 13 (14.29%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 23 (25.27%) Amazon AWS
2 8 (8.79%) SaaS
3 4 (4.40%) Microsoft Azure
4 3 (3.30%) IaaS
4 3 (3.30%) Mimecast
4 3 (3.30%) PaaS
5 2 (2.20%) Azure Active Directory
5 2 (2.20%) Cloud Computing
6 1 (1.10%) Google Cloud Platform
6 1 (1.10%) Google Compute Engine
Communications & Networking
1 46 (50.55%) Firewall
2 37 (40.66%) DNS
3 33 (36.26%) TCP/IP
4 25 (27.47%) LDAP
5 19 (20.88%) WAN
6 17 (18.68%) HTTP
7 16 (17.58%) LAN
8 12 (13.19%) HTTPS
8 12 (13.19%) SAN
8 12 (13.19%) SSL
9 11 (12.09%) NAS
10 7 (7.69%) FCoE
10 7 (7.69%) iSCSI
11 6 (6.59%) VLAN
12 4 (4.40%) Internet
13 3 (3.30%) BGP
13 3 (3.30%) Fibre Channel
13 3 (3.30%) MPLS
13 3 (3.30%) Multicast
13 3 (3.30%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (18.68%) Apache Cassandra
1 17 (18.68%) MongoDB
1 17 (18.68%) MySQL
2 8 (8.79%) SQL Server
3 3 (3.30%) PostgreSQL
4 2 (2.20%) Hadoop
4 2 (2.20%) HBase
4 2 (2.20%) Oracle Reports
4 2 (2.20%) SQL Server 2008
5 1 (1.10%) CouchDB
5 1 (1.10%) Flink
5 1 (1.10%) MariaDB
5 1 (1.10%) Neo4j
5 1 (1.10%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 30 (32.97%) Git (software)
2 20 (21.98%) Jenkins
3 6 (6.59%) JIRA
4 5 (5.49%) Bitbucket
5 4 (4.40%) git-flow
5 4 (4.40%) TeamCity
6 3 (3.30%) Team Foundation Server
6 3 (3.30%) Vagrant
7 2 (2.20%) Grunt
7 2 (2.20%) JMeter
7 2 (2.20%) LoadRunner
7 2 (2.20%) Maven
7 2 (2.20%) Selenium
7 2 (2.20%) Subversion
7 2 (2.20%) Visual Studio Team System
8 1 (1.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 1 (1.10%) Hudson
8 1 (1.10%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 10 (10.99%) Finance
2 5 (5.49%) Banking
2 5 (5.49%) Telecoms
3 2 (2.20%) Back Office
3 2 (2.20%) Investment Banking
3 2 (2.20%) Retail
3 2 (2.20%) Retail Banking
4 1 (1.10%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 22 (24.18%) Administrator
1 22 (24.18%) Systems Administrator
2 19 (20.88%) DevOps Engineer
2 19 (20.88%) Linux Systems Administrator
3 18 (19.78%) Linux Administrator
4 16 (17.58%) Linux Engineer
5 12 (13.19%) Systems Engineer
6 10 (10.99%) VMWare Administrator
7 8 (8.79%) Architect
7 8 (8.79%) Linux Systems Engineer
8 7 (7.69%) Cloud Engineer
8 7 (7.69%) Unix Engineer
9 6 (6.59%) Infrastructure Architect
9 6 (6.59%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 4 (4.40%) AIX Engineer
10 4 (4.40%) Consultant
10 4 (4.40%) Linux/Unix DevOps
10 4 (4.40%) Software Engineer
10 4 (4.40%) Solaris Engineer
10 4 (4.40%) Windows Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (15.38%) Elastic Stack
2 13 (14.29%) Sensu
3 12 (13.19%) J2EE
4 7 (7.69%) Middleware
5 4 (4.40%) Node.js
6 2 (2.20%) HTML
6 2 (2.20%) Java SE
6 2 (2.20%) LAMP
6 2 (2.20%) LAPP Stack
6 2 (2.20%) POSIX
6 2 (2.20%) Rendezvous
6 2 (2.20%) RESTful
6 2 (2.20%) Ruby on Rails
6 2 (2.20%) WAP
6 2 (2.20%) XML
6 2 (2.20%) XSLT
7 1 (1.10%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 18 (19.78%) Data Centre
2 14 (15.38%) Video on Demand
3 12 (13.19%) Clustering
4 9 (9.89%) Analytical Skills
5 6 (6.59%) Spread Betting
6 5 (5.49%) Grid Computing
7 4 (4.40%) Computer Science
8 3 (3.30%) Management Information System
9 2 (2.20%) Device Driver
9 2 (2.20%) e-Health
9 2 (2.20%) Enterprise Software
9 2 (2.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 2 (2.20%) Hedge funds
9 2 (2.20%) Hybrid Cloud
9 2 (2.20%) Mobile Banking
9 2 (2.20%) N-Tier
10 1 (1.10%) Digital Media
10 1 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
10 1 (1.10%) Online Banking
Operating Systems
1 81 (89.01%) Linux
2 45 (49.45%) CentOS
3 38 (41.76%) Windows
4 30 (32.97%) Ubuntu
5 23 (25.27%) Windows Server
6 22 (24.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 22 (24.18%) Unix
7 18 (19.78%) Solaris
8 15 (16.48%) SUSE
9 14 (15.38%) AIX
10 13 (14.29%) HPUX
11 9 (9.89%) Debian
12 5 (5.49%) Windows Server 2008
13 4 (4.40%) Windows 7
13 4 (4.40%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (3.30%) Windows 10
15 1 (1.10%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 1 (1.10%) Windows 2000
15 1 (1.10%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 34 (37.36%) DevOps
2 33 (36.26%) Configuration Management
3 23 (25.27%) Open Source
4 21 (23.08%) Agile Software Development
4 21 (23.08%) Load Balancing
5 14 (15.38%) Software Engineering
6 13 (14.29%) High Availability
7 12 (13.19%) DRM
7 12 (13.19%) ITIL
8 9 (9.89%) Continuous Integration
9 7 (7.69%) Continuous Deployment
9 7 (7.69%) Server Building
10 6 (6.59%) Procure-to-Pay
11 5 (5.49%) Performance Tuning
11 5 (5.49%) Unit Testing
12 3 (3.30%) Benchmarking
12 3 (3.30%) Project Management
12 3 (3.30%) Server Virtualisation
12 3 (3.30%) Workflow
13 2 (2.20%) Risk Identification and Mitigation
Programming Languages
1 36 (39.56%) Python
2 32 (35.16%) Bash Shell
3 22 (24.18%) Perl
4 21 (23.08%) SQL
5 14 (15.38%) PHP
6 11 (12.09%) Ruby
7 7 (7.69%) PowerShell
8 6 (6.59%) C
8 6 (6.59%) Java
8 6 (6.59%) JavaScript
9 5 (5.49%) Shell Script
10 4 (4.40%) C-shell
10 4 (4.40%) Korn
11 2 (2.20%) C++
11 2 (2.20%) Go
11 2 (2.20%) Haskell
11 2 (2.20%) R
12 1 (1.10%) Clojure
12 1 (1.10%) Scala
12 1 (1.10%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 28 (30.77%) Security Cleared
2 26 (28.57%) SC Cleared
3 8 (8.79%) Degree
4 4 (4.40%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (3.30%) Cisco Certification
5 3 (3.30%) MCITP
5 3 (3.30%) Microsoft Certification
6 2 (2.20%) CCNA
6 2 (2.20%) CCNP
6 2 (2.20%) CISA
6 2 (2.20%) CISM
6 2 (2.20%) CISSP
6 2 (2.20%) GSEC
7 1 (1.10%) DV Cleared
7 1 (1.10%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.10%) PCI DSS
1 1 (1.10%) QA
System Software
1 73 (80.22%) VMware Infrastructure
2 30 (32.97%) Hyper-V
3 29 (31.87%) Docker
4 26 (28.57%) Xen
5 20 (21.98%) VMware ESXi
6 13 (14.29%) Veritas Volume Manager
7 12 (13.19%) LXC
8 8 (8.79%) Active Directory
9 7 (7.69%) Oracle RAC
10 6 (6.59%) iptables
10 6 (6.59%) Virtual Machines
11 3 (3.30%) NFS
11 3 (3.30%) Samba
11 3 (3.30%) SRDF
11 3 (3.30%) VirtualBox
11 3 (3.30%) XenServer
12 1 (1.10%) Firmware
12 1 (1.10%) Slurm Workload Manager
12 1 (1.10%) vCloud
12 1 (1.10%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 39 (42.86%) Puppet
2 27 (29.67%) Ansible
3 25 (27.47%) Opscode Chef
4 17 (18.68%) yum
5 15 (16.48%) Kubernetes
6 14 (15.38%) Grafana
6 14 (15.38%) logstash
7 7 (7.69%) Packer
8 5 (5.49%) OpenView
9 4 (4.40%) BladeLogic
10 3 (3.30%) SELinux
11 2 (2.20%) Cisco Prime
11 2 (2.20%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 2 (2.20%) Mesos
11 2 (2.20%) Nagios
11 2 (2.20%) SCOrch
11 2 (2.20%) vMotion
11 2 (2.20%) vRealize
11 2 (2.20%) ZABBIX
12 1 (1.10%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 74 (81.32%) VMware
2 56 (61.54%) Red Hat
3 35 (38.46%) Oracle
4 19 (20.88%) Cisco
5 17 (18.68%) HP
6 15 (16.48%) Sun
7 14 (15.38%) SaltStack
7 14 (15.38%) Veritas
8 13 (14.29%) PlateSpin
8 13 (14.29%) Splunk
9 11 (12.09%) F5
10 9 (9.89%) Microsoft
11 6 (6.59%) Dell
12 5 (5.49%) Cognos
12 5 (5.49%) Opsware
13 4 (4.40%) NetApp
14 3 (3.30%) Atlassian
14 3 (3.30%) EMC
14 3 (3.30%) IBM
14 3 (3.30%) Intel