Period
to 1 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 278 199 170
Rank change year-on-year -79 -29 -2
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 532 1,366 1,627
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.86% 1.42% 1.60%
As % of the Operating Systems category 4.16% 6.88% 7.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 369 912 1,182
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £360 £319
90th Percentile £650 £688 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +11.11% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 15 8
Median hourly rate £60.00 £35.00 £46.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +71.43% -24.73% +69.09%
10th Percentile £42.28 £35.00 £32.00
90th Percentile £74.00 £47.50 £63.68
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.70 £42.00 £46.50
% change year-on-year -3.10% -9.68% +10.71%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 12,800 19,857 21,170
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.61% 20.60% 20.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,860 12,504 13,549
Median daily rate £413 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.88% - +3.03%
10th Percentile £135 £158 £175
90th Percentile £606 £613 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £400 £400
% change year-on-year -3.13% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,051 1,196 1,259
Median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.01% +2.93% +3.03%
10th Percentile £11.75 £11.17 £11.14
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.20 £47.50
Median hourly rate £17.00 £16.00 £15.86
% change year-on-year +6.25% +0.88% -0.88%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -77 488 £500 -2.91% 110
UK excluding London -66 307 £500 +11.11% 81
London -67 217 £500 -6.98% 33
South East +45 102 £475 +18.01% 32
North of England -74 65 £450 -2.70% 18
South West -26 49 £525 +1.94% 11
Midlands +17 38 £500 +3.90% 11
North West -17 36 £400 -23.08% 7
West Midlands +5 20 £325 -25.71% 8
Scotland -23 19 £525 +19.32% 3
Yorkshire -34 18 £475 +5.56% 5
East Midlands +31 17 £505 +3.59% 3
East of England +12 17 £575 +31.43% 5
Wales +25 15 £525 +25.37% 2
North East -17 12 £463 -2.63% 6
Work from Home -22 7 £443 -9.23% 4
Northern Ireland +13 3 £390 -2.50%

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 532 (100.00%) Linux
2 355 (66.73%) Red Hat
3 219 (41.17%) Ansible
4 204 (38.35%) DevOps
5 200 (37.59%) Python
6 155 (29.14%) Windows
7 150 (28.20%) Security Cleared
8 149 (28.01%) Agile Software Development
9 144 (27.07%) Jenkins
10 142 (26.69%) Unix
11 140 (26.32%) Oracle
12 138 (25.94%) Java
13 135 (25.38%) AWS
14 134 (25.19%) CentOS
15 130 (24.44%) Docker
16 129 (24.25%) Puppet
17 122 (22.93%) VMware
18 114 (21.43%) Git (software)
19 112 (21.05%) SC Cleared
20 110 (20.68%) Configuration Management
21 107 (20.11%) SQL
22 104 (19.55%) Bash Shell
23 100 (18.80%) Terraform
24 99 (18.61%) Azure
25 96 (18.05%) Perl
26 90 (16.92%) VMware Infrastructure
26 90 (16.92%) Kubernetes
27 83 (15.60%) Shell Script
28 80 (15.04%) Ubuntu
29 77 (14.47%) Opscode Chef

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (9.96%) Tomcat
2 40 (7.52%) WebLogic
3 37 (6.95%) Confluence
4 36 (6.77%) Apache
5 26 (4.89%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 25 (4.70%) nginx
7 18 (3.38%) Elasticsearch
7 18 (3.38%) OpenStack
8 16 (3.01%) JBoss
9 15 (2.82%) IIS
10 11 (2.07%) Apache Spark
11 10 (1.88%) WebSphere
12 6 (1.13%) Cloud Foundry
13 5 (0.94%) GemFire
13 5 (0.94%) Oracle HTTP Server
13 5 (0.94%) SharePoint
14 4 (0.75%) Red Hat Fuse
14 4 (0.75%) WebSphere Application Server
15 3 (0.56%) Jupyter
15 3 (0.56%) SAS
Applications
1 16 (3.01%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.75%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 8 (1.50%) Oracle AML
1 8 (1.50%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (1.32%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (0.56%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.38%) assyst
4 2 (0.38%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.38%) ResourceLink
5 1 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.19%) Maximo
5 1 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.19%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 135 (25.38%) AWS
2 99 (18.61%) Azure
3 43 (8.08%) OpenShift
4 37 (6.95%) Amazon S3
5 36 (6.77%) Amazon EC2
6 33 (6.20%) GitHub
7 29 (5.45%) PaaS
8 22 (4.14%) GCP
9 21 (3.95%) Amazon ELB
9 21 (3.95%) Route 53
10 19 (3.57%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 18 (3.38%) IaaS
12 16 (3.01%) AWS CloudFormation
12 16 (3.01%) Boomi
13 12 (2.26%) SaaS
14 9 (1.69%) Cloud Computing
15 8 (1.50%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 8 (1.50%) Azure Active Directory
15 8 (1.50%) Serverless
16 7 (1.32%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 61 (11.47%) Firewall
2 50 (9.40%) DNS
3 36 (6.77%) TCP/IP
4 31 (5.83%) SAN
5 28 (5.26%) HTTP
6 17 (3.20%) DHCP
7 15 (2.82%) Internet
7 15 (2.82%) SSH
8 11 (2.07%) VPN
9 10 (1.88%) IPsec
9 10 (1.88%) WAN
10 9 (1.69%) FTP
11 8 (1.50%) iSCSI
11 8 (1.50%) Junos
11 8 (1.50%) SNMP
11 8 (1.50%) SSL
11 8 (1.50%) VXLAN
12 7 (1.32%) Network Security
13 6 (1.13%) BGP
13 6 (1.13%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 77 (14.47%) Oracle Database
2 47 (8.83%) MySQL
3 35 (6.58%) SQL Server
4 34 (6.39%) Oracle Database 12c
5 30 (5.64%) Oracle Database 11g
6 29 (5.45%) PostgreSQL
7 24 (4.51%) MongoDB
8 20 (3.76%) Amazon RDS
8 20 (3.76%) Big Data
9 18 (3.38%) Hadoop
10 12 (2.26%) Apache Cassandra
10 12 (2.26%) BusinessObjects
11 10 (1.88%) DB2
11 10 (1.88%) NoSQL
12 9 (1.69%) Oracle Reports
13 8 (1.50%) Oracle Database 10g
13 8 (1.50%) Relational Database
14 7 (1.32%) Oracle Exadata
14 7 (1.32%) Oracle ODI
14 7 (1.32%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 144 (27.07%) Jenkins
2 114 (21.43%) Git (software)
3 63 (11.84%) JIRA
4 41 (7.71%) Subversion
5 38 (7.14%) Eclipse
6 33 (6.20%) Maven
6 33 (6.20%) SonarQube
7 27 (5.08%) Selenium
8 25 (4.70%) GitLab
9 21 (3.95%) Ant
10 18 (3.38%) Artifactory
11 16 (3.01%) JUnit
11 16 (3.01%) Mercurial
12 15 (2.82%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 15 (2.82%) Bitbucket
12 15 (2.82%) FindBugs
12 15 (2.82%) Log4j
13 13 (2.44%) Sonatype Nexus
14 12 (2.26%) Toad
14 12 (2.26%) Vagrant
General
1 61 (11.47%) Finance
2 43 (8.08%) Banking
3 38 (7.14%) Public Sector
4 14 (2.63%) Telecoms
5 8 (1.50%) Retail
6 7 (1.32%) Marketing
7 6 (1.13%) Electronics
7 6 (1.13%) Legal
7 6 (1.13%) Manufacturing
8 4 (0.75%) Investment Banking
8 4 (0.75%) Publishing
9 3 (0.56%) Aerospace
10 2 (0.38%) Games
10 2 (0.38%) Law
11 1 (0.19%) Back Office
11 1 (0.19%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.19%) Front Office
11 1 (0.19%) Local Government
11 1 (0.19%) Welsh Language
Job Titles
1 101 (18.98%) DevOps Engineer
2 64 (12.03%) Linux Engineer
3 53 (9.96%) Administrator
4 43 (8.08%) Developer
5 39 (7.33%) Architect
5 39 (7.33%) Consultant
5 39 (7.33%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 34 (6.39%) Analyst
7 33 (6.20%) Systems Engineer
8 27 (5.08%) Cloud Engineer
9 26 (4.89%) Systems Administrator
10 25 (4.70%) Linux Administrator
10 25 (4.70%) Senior DevOps
11 24 (4.51%) Platform Engineer
12 22 (4.14%) Unix Engineer
13 21 (3.95%) Linux Systems Engineer
13 21 (3.95%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 21 (3.95%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 19 (3.57%) Automation Engineer
15 17 (3.20%) Linux Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (8.27%) Middleware
2 43 (8.08%) REST
3 40 (7.52%) RabbitMQ
4 35 (6.58%) Spring
4 35 (6.58%) XML
5 32 (6.02%) JSON
6 21 (3.95%) LDAP
7 20 (3.76%) .NET
7 20 (3.76%) SOAP
8 18 (3.38%) Elastic Stack
8 18 (3.38%) JSP
8 18 (3.38%) Kafka
8 18 (3.38%) Web Services
9 17 (3.20%) XSL
10 16 (3.01%) XSD
11 15 (2.82%) Oracle GoldenGate
12 14 (2.63%) RESTful
13 12 (2.26%) JDBC
13 12 (2.26%) Node.js
13 12 (2.26%) Struts
Miscellaneous
1 55 (10.34%) Data Centre
2 45 (8.46%) Analytical Skills
3 28 (5.26%) Public Cloud
4 26 (4.89%) Linux Command Line
5 24 (4.51%) Clustering
5 24 (4.51%) Replication
6 12 (2.26%) Management Information System
6 12 (2.26%) PKI
7 11 (2.07%) Mainframe
8 9 (1.69%) Private Cloud
9 7 (1.32%) Hybrid Cloud
9 7 (1.32%) Self-Motivation
9 7 (1.32%) User Experience
10 6 (1.13%) Enterprise Software
10 6 (1.13%) Hedge funds
11 5 (0.94%) CMDB
11 5 (0.94%) Enterprise Storage
11 5 (0.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 5 (0.94%) Greenfield Project
11 5 (0.94%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 532 (100.00%) Linux
2 155 (29.14%) Windows
3 142 (26.69%) Unix
4 134 (25.19%) CentOS
5 80 (15.04%) Ubuntu
6 72 (13.53%) Windows Server
7 51 (9.59%) Solaris
8 32 (6.02%) AIX
9 24 (4.51%) Windows Server 2008
10 23 (4.32%) Debian
11 22 (4.14%) Windows Server 2012
12 21 (3.95%) Windows Server 2016
13 20 (3.76%) Windows Server 2003
14 12 (2.26%) Oracle Linux
14 12 (2.26%) SUSE
14 12 (2.26%) VMS
15 11 (2.07%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 10 (1.88%) Windows 10
17 7 (1.32%) Mac OS
17 7 (1.32%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 204 (38.35%) DevOps
2 149 (28.01%) Agile Software Development
3 110 (20.68%) Configuration Management
4 69 (12.97%) Migration
5 68 (12.78%) Continuous Integration
6 66 (12.41%) ITIL
7 63 (11.84%) Test Automation
8 52 (9.77%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 52 (9.77%) Project Delivery
9 50 (9.40%) Microservices
10 45 (8.46%) Infrastructure as Code
10 45 (8.46%) Open Source
11 43 (8.08%) Problem-Solving
12 42 (7.89%) Scrum
13 34 (6.39%) Continuous Delivery
14 33 (6.20%) Performance Tuning
14 33 (6.20%) SOA
15 32 (6.02%) High Availability
16 27 (5.08%) Software Engineering
17 26 (4.89%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 200 (37.59%) Python
2 138 (25.94%) Java
3 107 (20.11%) SQL
4 104 (19.55%) Bash Shell
5 96 (18.05%) Perl
6 83 (15.60%) Shell Script
7 68 (12.78%) PowerShell
8 44 (8.27%) PL/SQL
9 32 (6.02%) C
10 28 (5.26%) JavaScript
11 23 (4.32%) C++
12 21 (3.95%) Groovy
12 21 (3.95%) PHP
13 18 (3.38%) Ruby
14 16 (3.01%) XPath
14 16 (3.01%) XQuery
15 14 (2.63%) Go
15 14 (2.63%) Korn
16 8 (1.50%) C#
17 6 (1.13%) BeanShell
Qualifications
1 150 (28.20%) Security Cleared
2 112 (21.05%) SC Cleared
3 27 (5.08%) DV Cleared
4 20 (3.76%) Degree
5 10 (1.88%) AWS Certification
6 9 (1.69%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (1.69%) Cisco Certification
7 7 (1.32%) CCNA
7 7 (1.32%) Microsoft Certification
8 6 (1.13%) RHCSA
9 5 (0.94%) Computer Science Degree
9 5 (0.94%) RHCE
10 3 (0.56%) CISSP
10 3 (0.56%) ISTQB
10 3 (0.56%) ITIL Certification
10 3 (0.56%) MCSE
10 3 (0.56%) OCP
10 3 (0.56%) Oracle Certification
11 2 (0.38%) CCIE
11 2 (0.38%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (2.44%) SLA
2 11 (2.07%) QA
3 6 (1.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 6 (1.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.94%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.75%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 3 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 3 (0.56%) PMO
7 2 (0.38%) COBIT
7 2 (0.38%) NIST
8 1 (0.19%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.19%) GMP
System Software
1 130 (24.44%) Docker
2 90 (16.92%) VMware Infrastructure
3 55 (10.34%) Active Directory
4 35 (6.58%) Virtual Machines
5 30 (5.64%) VMware ESXi
6 22 (4.14%) Hyper-V
7 21 (3.95%) vSphere
8 19 (3.57%) Oracle RAC
9 16 (3.01%) NFS
10 14 (2.63%) VMware NSX
11 13 (2.44%) KVM
11 13 (2.44%) XenApp
12 11 (2.07%) LXC
12 11 (2.07%) Virtual Servers
13 8 (1.50%) Firmware
13 8 (1.50%) iptables
13 8 (1.50%) Samba
14 6 (1.13%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 6 (1.13%) RACF
14 6 (1.13%) Squid
Systems Management
1 219 (41.17%) Ansible
2 129 (24.25%) Puppet
3 100 (18.80%) Terraform
4 90 (16.92%) Kubernetes
5 77 (14.47%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (5.45%) Grafana
6 29 (5.45%) Nagios
7 28 (5.26%) Prometheus
8 19 (3.57%) Data Guard
8 19 (3.57%) vCenter Server
9 17 (3.20%) Packer
10 15 (2.82%) Red Hat Satellite
11 13 (2.44%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 11 (2.07%) ZABBIX
13 10 (1.88%) Rancher
14 9 (1.69%) Cobbler
14 9 (1.69%) Oracle RMAN
14 9 (1.69%) SELinux
15 8 (1.50%) Nessus
15 8 (1.50%) SCCM
Vendors
1 355 (66.73%) Red Hat
2 140 (26.32%) Oracle
3 122 (22.93%) VMware
4 63 (11.84%) Microsoft
5 34 (6.39%) Splunk
6 33 (6.20%) IBM
7 32 (6.02%) Dell
8 30 (5.64%) HP
9 29 (5.45%) Cisco
10 22 (4.14%) Citrix
11 19 (3.57%) Atlassian
12 16 (3.01%) Cloudera
12 16 (3.01%) EMC
12 16 (3.01%) NetApp
13 14 (2.63%) Veritas
14 13 (2.44%) Juniper
15 12 (2.26%) SAP
15 12 (2.26%) Sybase
15 12 (2.26%) Symantec
15 12 (2.26%) TIBCO