Period
to 22 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 22 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 262 189 167
Rank change year-on-year -73 -22 +9
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 716 1,497 1,625
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.99% 1.50% 1.63%
As % of the Operating Systems category 4.68% 7.18% 7.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 454 954 1,131
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £363 £313
90th Percentile £650 £671 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £468 £475 £433
% change year-on-year -1.58% +9.83% +4.85%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 14 21
UK median hourly rate £48.75 £42.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.07% +12.00% +18.11%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £24.50
90th Percentile £63.50 £47.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.85 £42.00 £43.00
% change year-on-year +13.93% -2.33% +11.69%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 15,314 20,853 20,678
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.08% 20.92% 20.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,450 13,009 13,192
UK median daily rate £410 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.53% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £140 £160 £168
90th Percentile £600 £600 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £395 £400 £385
% change year-on-year -1.25% +3.90% +4.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,198 1,352 1,266
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.39 £17.43
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.62% -0.22% +5.64%
10th Percentile £11.55 £11.00 £11.00
90th Percentile £48.88 £47.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.00 £16.28 £16.50
% change year-on-year +4.45% -1.36% +3.13%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Contractor daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 22 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 22 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -70 631 £500 -3.38% 166
UK excluding London -68 416 £468 -1.58% 123
London -54 277 £538 +2.38% 47
South East -9 117 £475 +7.34% 55
North of England -70 100 £450 -4.00% 21
South West -26 72 £500 - 16
North West -24 50 £450 -5.26% 12
Yorkshire -34 40 £450 - 6
Midlands +4 39 £325 -35.99% 23
Scotland -15 35 £425 -11.92% 4
West Midlands +20 27 £340 -35.24% 10
Wales +25 26 £525 +23.53%
East of England -4 25 £425 -15.00% 4
East Midlands +15 11 £300 -40.00% 13
North East -31 11 £363 -23.68% 3
Northern Ireland +3 2 £390 -

For the 6 months to 22 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 716 (100.00%) Linux
2 424 (59.22%) Red Hat
3 309 (43.16%) DevOps
4 268 (37.43%) Ansible
5 253 (35.34%) Python
6 228 (31.84%) Jenkins
7 217 (30.31%) AWS
8 214 (29.89%) Security Cleared
9 194 (27.09%) Windows
10 182 (25.42%) Puppet
11 175 (24.44%) Agile Software Development
12 172 (24.02%) Docker
13 167 (23.32%) Bash Shell
14 166 (23.18%) Git (software)
15 165 (23.04%) CentOS
16 152 (21.23%) VMware
17 149 (20.81%) Terraform
18 139 (19.41%) Configuration Management
18 139 (19.41%) Oracle
19 138 (19.27%) Opscode Chef
20 132 (18.44%) Azure
20 132 (18.44%) Java
20 132 (18.44%) Unix
21 130 (18.16%) SC Cleared
22 120 (16.76%) Migration
23 111 (15.50%) Kubernetes
24 110 (15.36%) Perl
25 108 (15.08%) Windows Server
26 106 (14.80%) Continuous Integration
27 104 (14.53%) Finance

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (9.64%) Apache
2 41 (5.73%) Tomcat
3 40 (5.59%) WebLogic
4 34 (4.75%) Confluence
5 33 (4.61%) nginx
6 23 (3.21%) Apache Spark
7 20 (2.79%) IIS
7 20 (2.79%) JBoss
8 18 (2.51%) OpenStack
8 18 (2.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 15 (2.09%) Elasticsearch
10 10 (1.40%) Jupyter
10 10 (1.40%) SAS
11 9 (1.26%) MS Exchange
11 9 (1.26%) WebSphere
12 6 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
13 5 (0.70%) Oracle HTTP Server
14 4 (0.56%) Exchange Server 2010
14 4 (0.56%) GemFire
14 4 (0.56%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 9 (1.26%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.56%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 10 (1.40%) Oracle EBS
2 9 (1.26%) Oracle Applications
3 8 (1.12%) Oracle AML
4 5 (0.70%) Oracle Cash Management
5 4 (0.56%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.28%) assyst
7 2 (0.28%) BusinessWorks
7 2 (0.28%) OpenText VIM for SAP
7 2 (0.28%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.14%) Loan IQ
8 1 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
8 1 (0.14%) Oracle Retail
8 1 (0.14%) PeopleSoft Financials
8 1 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.14%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 217 (30.31%) AWS
2 132 (18.44%) Azure
3 72 (10.06%) OpenShift
4 57 (7.96%) Amazon EC2
5 55 (7.68%) Amazon S3
6 47 (6.56%) Route 53
7 45 (6.28%) PaaS
8 41 (5.73%) IaaS
9 39 (5.45%) GitHub
10 38 (5.31%) Amazon ELB
10 38 (5.31%) GCP
11 37 (5.17%) AWS CloudFormation
12 32 (4.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 29 (4.05%) Datadog
13 29 (4.05%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 18 (2.51%) SaaS
15 16 (2.23%) Azure Active Directory
15 16 (2.23%) Office 365
16 13 (1.82%) Cloud Computing
17 10 (1.40%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 68 (9.50%) Firewall
2 61 (8.52%) SAN
3 54 (7.54%) DNS
4 53 (7.40%) TCP/IP
5 36 (5.03%) VPN
6 32 (4.47%) Internet
7 31 (4.33%) HTTP
8 17 (2.37%) NAS
8 17 (2.37%) WAN
9 16 (2.23%) SSH
10 14 (1.96%) DHCP
10 14 (1.96%) Network Security
10 14 (1.96%) SSL
11 10 (1.40%) iSCSI
12 9 (1.26%) LAN
13 7 (0.98%) FTP
14 6 (0.84%) IPsec
14 6 (0.84%) Junos
14 6 (0.84%) OpenLDAP
14 6 (0.84%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 62 (8.66%) Oracle Database
2 57 (7.96%) MySQL
3 53 (7.40%) SQL Server
4 49 (6.84%) Big Data
5 40 (5.59%) Amazon RDS
6 35 (4.89%) Hadoop
7 33 (4.61%) Oracle Database 12c
8 28 (3.91%) MongoDB
9 23 (3.21%) Relational Database
10 21 (2.93%) PostgreSQL
11 20 (2.79%) Oracle Database 11g
12 19 (2.65%) Apache Cassandra
13 12 (1.68%) Apache Hive
13 12 (1.68%) BusinessObjects
13 12 (1.68%) Data Lake
13 12 (1.68%) Impala
13 12 (1.68%) MariaDB
13 12 (1.68%) SQL Server 2012
14 11 (1.54%) Oracle Database 10g
15 10 (1.40%) Apache Zeppelin
Development Applications
1 228 (31.84%) Jenkins
2 166 (23.18%) Git (software)
3 75 (10.47%) JIRA
4 51 (7.12%) Sonatype Nexus
5 48 (6.70%) Maven
6 40 (5.59%) Subversion
7 39 (5.45%) SonarQube
8 29 (4.05%) GitLab
9 28 (3.91%) Selenium
10 26 (3.63%) Bitbucket
11 19 (2.65%) Artifactory
12 18 (2.51%) Ant
12 18 (2.51%) Cucumber
12 18 (2.51%) Eclipse
12 18 (2.51%) Mercurial
13 17 (2.37%) FindBugs
13 17 (2.37%) Log4j
14 15 (2.09%) Vagrant
15 13 (1.82%) JUnit
15 13 (1.82%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 104 (14.53%) Finance
2 54 (7.54%) Public Sector
3 32 (4.47%) Banking
4 22 (3.07%) Telecoms
5 18 (2.51%) Retail
6 12 (1.68%) Manufacturing
7 11 (1.54%) Publishing
8 9 (1.26%) Electronics
9 7 (0.98%) Investment Banking
9 7 (0.98%) Marketing
10 3 (0.42%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.28%) Aerospace
12 1 (0.14%) Back Office
12 1 (0.14%) Games
12 1 (0.14%) International Banking
12 1 (0.14%) Law
12 1 (0.14%) Local Government
12 1 (0.14%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.14%) Spanish Language
12 1 (0.14%) Welsh Language
Job Titles
1 175 (24.44%) DevOps Engineer
2 76 (10.61%) Administrator
3 71 (9.92%) Linux Engineer
4 69 (9.64%) Cloud Engineer
5 48 (6.70%) Architect
6 46 (6.42%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 45 (6.28%) Consultant
8 44 (6.15%) Developer
9 38 (5.31%) Senior DevOps
10 34 (4.75%) Analyst
10 34 (4.75%) AWS Engineer
10 34 (4.75%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 33 (4.61%) AWS DevOps
12 32 (4.47%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 31 (4.33%) Linux Administrator
14 27 (3.77%) Systems Administrator
15 26 (3.63%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 25 (3.49%) Systems Engineer
17 23 (3.21%) Automation Engineer
18 21 (2.93%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (5.59%) RabbitMQ
2 39 (5.45%) JSON
2 39 (5.45%) Middleware
3 38 (5.31%) Web Services
4 35 (4.89%) Spring
5 34 (4.75%) .NET
6 32 (4.47%) Kafka
7 31 (4.33%) Elastic Stack
8 25 (3.49%) REST
9 21 (2.93%) XML
10 18 (2.51%) LDAP
11 17 (2.37%) LAMP
11 17 (2.37%) Node.js
12 14 (1.96%) RESTful
12 14 (1.96%) YAML
13 13 (1.82%) Apache NiFi
13 13 (1.82%) LEMP Stack
14 12 (1.68%) JDBC
14 12 (1.68%) JSP
14 12 (1.68%) Struts
Miscellaneous
1 75 (10.47%) Data Centre
2 53 (7.40%) Analytical Skills
3 51 (7.12%) Public Cloud
4 30 (4.19%) Replication
5 25 (3.49%) Clustering
5 25 (3.49%) Linux Command Line
6 18 (2.51%) Self-Motivation
7 15 (2.09%) Management Information System
8 14 (1.96%) PKI
9 13 (1.82%) Enterprise Software
10 11 (1.54%) Cyberthreat
11 8 (1.12%) Enterprise Cloud
12 7 (0.98%) Private Cloud
13 6 (0.84%) Algorithms
13 6 (0.84%) Enterprise Storage
13 6 (0.84%) Hedge funds
13 6 (0.84%) User Experience
13 6 (0.84%) VxBlock/Vblock
14 5 (0.70%) Derivative
14 5 (0.70%) EMC VMAX
Operating Systems
1 716 (100.00%) Linux
2 194 (27.09%) Windows
3 165 (23.04%) CentOS
4 132 (18.44%) Unix
5 108 (15.08%) Windows Server
6 90 (12.57%) Ubuntu
7 39 (5.45%) Solaris
8 34 (4.75%) Windows Server 2008
9 30 (4.19%) AIX
10 27 (3.77%) Windows Server 2012
11 25 (3.49%) Debian
11 25 (3.49%) Windows Server 2003
12 19 (2.65%) SUSE
12 19 (2.65%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 14 (1.96%) HPUX
14 13 (1.82%) Oracle Linux
15 11 (1.54%) VMS
16 10 (1.40%) zOS
17 8 (1.12%) Mac OS X
18 7 (0.98%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 309 (43.16%) DevOps
2 175 (24.44%) Agile Software Development
3 139 (19.41%) Configuration Management
4 120 (16.76%) Migration
5 106 (14.80%) Continuous Integration
6 94 (13.13%) ITIL
7 76 (10.61%) Open Source
8 74 (10.34%) Test Automation
9 71 (9.92%) Infrastructure as Code
10 65 (9.08%) Scrum
11 63 (8.80%) Project Delivery
12 60 (8.38%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 59 (8.24%) Problem-Solving
14 55 (7.68%) Microservices
15 52 (7.26%) Kanban
16 47 (6.56%) Performance Tuning
17 46 (6.42%) High Availability
18 45 (6.28%) Continuous Delivery
19 40 (5.59%) Infrastructure Automation
20 39 (5.45%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 253 (35.34%) Python
2 167 (23.32%) Bash Shell
3 132 (18.44%) Java
4 110 (15.36%) Perl
5 82 (11.45%) SQL
6 76 (10.61%) Shell Script
7 69 (9.64%) Ruby
8 60 (8.38%) PowerShell
9 28 (3.91%) C++
10 26 (3.63%) C
10 26 (3.63%) JavaScript
11 23 (3.21%) Groovy
11 23 (3.21%) PL/SQL
12 20 (2.79%) PHP
13 15 (2.09%) Korn
14 13 (1.82%) Go
15 12 (1.68%) AWK
16 5 (0.70%) C-shell
16 5 (0.70%) Scala
17 4 (0.56%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 214 (29.89%) Security Cleared
2 130 (18.16%) SC Cleared
3 30 (4.19%) AWS Certification
4 29 (4.05%) DV Cleared
5 27 (3.77%) Degree
6 15 (2.09%) RHCE
7 11 (1.54%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 9 (1.26%) CISSP
8 9 (1.26%) Microsoft Certification
9 7 (0.98%) CISA
9 7 (0.98%) CISM
9 7 (0.98%) CISMP
9 7 (0.98%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
9 7 (0.98%) ISSMP
10 6 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
10 6 (0.84%) Cisco Certification
10 6 (0.84%) VCAP
11 5 (0.70%) CCNA
11 5 (0.70%) MCP
11 5 (0.70%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (3.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 17 (2.37%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
3 16 (2.23%) NIST
4 13 (1.82%) PCI DSS
5 10 (1.40%) SLA
6 6 (0.84%) QA
7 4 (0.56%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 3 (0.42%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.42%) PMO
9 2 (0.28%) COBIT
9 2 (0.28%) GMP
9 2 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.14%) Data Quality
System Software
1 172 (24.02%) Docker
2 96 (13.41%) VMware Infrastructure
3 64 (8.94%) Active Directory
4 37 (5.17%) Hyper-V
4 37 (5.17%) Virtual Machines
5 26 (3.63%) NFS
5 26 (3.63%) VMware ESXi
5 26 (3.63%) vSphere
6 21 (2.93%) Oracle RAC
7 20 (2.79%) KVM
7 20 (2.79%) Virtual Servers
8 18 (2.51%) LXC
8 18 (2.51%) XenApp
9 12 (1.68%) Gluster
9 12 (1.68%) VMware NSX
10 11 (1.54%) GlusterFS
11 10 (1.40%) Virtual Desktop
12 9 (1.26%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 8 (1.12%) Firmware
13 8 (1.12%) iptables
Systems Management
1 268 (37.43%) Ansible
2 182 (25.42%) Puppet
3 149 (20.81%) Terraform
4 138 (19.27%) Opscode Chef
5 111 (15.50%) Kubernetes
6 32 (4.47%) Prometheus
7 30 (4.19%) Grafana
8 28 (3.91%) Nagios
9 17 (2.37%) Suricata
10 16 (2.23%) Packer
11 15 (2.09%) Data Guard
12 14 (1.96%) SCCM
13 13 (1.82%) Salt
13 13 (1.82%) SCOM
13 13 (1.82%) SELinux
14 12 (1.68%) Nessus
14 12 (1.68%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 12 (1.68%) Rancher
15 11 (1.54%) Jamf Pro
15 11 (1.54%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 424 (59.22%) Red Hat
2 152 (21.23%) VMware
3 139 (19.41%) Oracle
4 97 (13.55%) Microsoft
5 55 (7.68%) Cisco
6 54 (7.54%) Splunk
7 38 (5.31%) Citrix
8 37 (5.17%) IBM
9 35 (4.89%) HP
10 27 (3.77%) Google
10 27 (3.77%) Qualys
11 26 (3.63%) Cloudera
12 20 (2.79%) NetApp
13 19 (2.65%) EMC
13 19 (2.65%) ServiceNow
13 19 (2.65%) Symantec
14 17 (2.37%) SAP
15 16 (2.23%) Veritas
16 15 (2.09%) Juniper
17 14 (1.96%) Hortonworks