Period
to 23 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 23 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 244 264 191
Rank change year-on-year +20 -73 -26
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 438 710 1,499
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.04% 0.98% 1.50%
As % of the Operating Systems category 5.85% 4.65% 7.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 367 493 1,013
Median daily rate £450 £500 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -10.00% -2.44% +7.89%
10th Percentile £325 £318 £363
90th Percentile £600 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £475
% change year-on-year -5.26% - +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 5 10
Median hourly rate £57.50 £50.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.00% +19.05% +12.00%
10th Percentile £45.95 £41.21 £32.73
90th Percentile £61.25 £54.50 £47.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £57.50 £47.85 £42.00
% change year-on-year +20.17% +13.93% -6.67%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 7,486 15,269 20,866
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.85% 21.08% 20.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,807 9,718 13,283
Median daily rate £430 £405 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.17% -4.71% -
10th Percentile £163 £140 £160
90th Percentile £600 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £388 £400
% change year-on-year -3.23% -3.13% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 431 1,141 1,314
Median hourly rate £17.75 £17.50 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.43% +2.94% -
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.26 £11.00
90th Percentile £54.00 £48.75 £46.64
Median hourly rate £16.50 £16.50 £16.00
% change year-on-year - +3.13% -

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 23 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 23 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +35 342 £463 -7.50% 99
UK excluding London +67 238 £450 -5.26% 66
London -4 133 £451 -17.35% 40
Work from Home -84 113 £463 -15.91% 14
South East +107 89 £450 -5.26% 21
Scotland +56 48 £450 +5.88% 8
North of England +50 45 £425 -5.56% 8
North West +38 28 £475 +5.56% 5
East of England +64 24 £525 +31.25% 4
Midlands +41 19 £520 +56.39% 13
Yorkshire +28 16 £275 -38.89% 2
West Midlands +37 14 £500 +8.11% 10
South West +35 12 £438 -12.50% 12
East Midlands +29 5 £520 +73.33% 3
North East +29 1 £400 - 1
Northern Ireland +7 1 £430 +10.26%

For the 6 months to 23 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 438 (100.00%) Linux
2 284 (64.84%) Red Hat
3 178 (40.64%) Ansible
4 175 (39.95%) Python
5 154 (35.16%) Security Cleared
5 154 (35.16%) DevOps
6 147 (33.56%) Windows
7 136 (31.05%) VMware
8 127 (29.00%) SC Cleared
9 118 (26.94%) Bash Shell
9 118 (26.94%) Puppet
10 108 (24.66%) Jenkins
10 108 (24.66%) CentOS
11 103 (23.52%) Agile Software Development
12 101 (23.06%) VMware Infrastructure
13 90 (20.55%) Perl
14 88 (20.09%) Oracle
15 87 (19.86%) AWS
16 84 (19.18%) Active Directory
17 83 (18.95%) Configuration Management
18 79 (18.04%) Docker
19 75 (17.12%) Windows Server
20 74 (16.89%) Unix
21 73 (16.67%) Kubernetes
22 72 (16.44%) Opscode Chef
22 72 (16.44%) Git (software)
23 71 (16.21%) Azure
24 68 (15.53%) PowerShell
25 67 (15.30%) Java
26 65 (14.84%) Continuous Integration

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (9.36%) JBoss
2 40 (9.13%) SharePoint
3 35 (7.99%) Tomcat
4 27 (6.16%) IIS
4 27 (6.16%) WebSphere
5 26 (5.94%) Elasticsearch
6 23 (5.25%) Confluence
7 21 (4.79%) MS Exchange
8 20 (4.57%) Apache
9 17 (3.88%) OpenStack
9 17 (3.88%) Red Hat Fuse
10 13 (2.97%) WebSphere Application Server
11 8 (1.83%) Apache Geronimo
11 8 (1.83%) Apache TomEE
11 8 (1.83%) MQSeries
12 7 (1.60%) WebLogic
13 6 (1.37%) Jetty
13 6 (1.37%) Mailman
13 6 (1.37%) Oracle Self-Service HR
14 5 (1.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 18 (4.11%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 13 (2.97%) Oracle EBS
2 11 (2.51%) Oracle Applications
2 11 (2.51%) Oracle EBS R12
3 6 (1.37%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 4 (0.91%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.46%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.23%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 87 (19.86%) AWS
2 71 (16.21%) Azure
3 44 (10.05%) GitHub
4 34 (7.76%) Office 365
5 33 (7.53%) OpenShift
6 19 (4.34%) AWS CloudFormation
7 17 (3.88%) IaaS
8 16 (3.65%) Amazon EC2
8 16 (3.65%) PaaS
9 15 (3.42%) Route 53
10 13 (2.97%) Amazon GuardDuty
10 13 (2.97%) Amazon S3
10 13 (2.97%) GCP
10 13 (2.97%) Serverless
11 12 (2.74%) AWS Lambda
12 11 (2.51%) AWS CodeBuild
12 11 (2.51%) Azure Active Directory
13 10 (2.28%) Amazon EKS
14 8 (1.83%) SaaS
15 6 (1.37%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 46 (10.50%) Firewall
2 43 (9.82%) DNS
3 35 (7.99%) TCP/IP
4 26 (5.94%) SAN
4 26 (5.94%) VLAN
5 20 (4.57%) HTTP
6 19 (4.34%) Reverse Proxy
6 19 (4.34%) VPN
6 19 (4.34%) WAAS
7 18 (4.11%) SNMP
7 18 (4.11%) WAN
8 17 (3.88%) LAN
9 14 (3.20%) SSH
10 12 (2.74%) DHCP
10 12 (2.74%) Fibre Channel
10 12 (2.74%) SMTP
11 11 (2.51%) iSCSI
12 8 (1.83%) FTP
12 8 (1.83%) IMAP
12 8 (1.83%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (11.42%) SQL Server
2 36 (8.22%) Oracle Database
3 33 (7.53%) MySQL
3 33 (7.53%) PostgreSQL
4 23 (5.25%) MongoDB
5 19 (4.34%) Oracle Reports
5 19 (4.34%) Relational Database
6 14 (3.20%) MariaDB
7 11 (2.51%) Oracle BI Publisher
7 11 (2.51%) RDBMS
8 10 (2.28%) DB2
9 9 (2.05%) Amazon Aurora
9 9 (2.05%) Hadoop
9 9 (2.05%) InfluxDB
10 5 (1.14%) Azure SQL Database
10 5 (1.14%) Cosmos DB
10 5 (1.14%) Neo4j
11 4 (0.91%) Amazon RDS
11 4 (0.91%) Apache Cassandra
11 4 (0.91%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 108 (24.66%) Jenkins
2 72 (16.44%) Git (software)
3 64 (14.61%) JIRA
4 61 (13.93%) GitLab
5 31 (7.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 29 (6.62%) Artifactory
7 20 (4.57%) Subversion
8 16 (3.65%) Sonatype Nexus
9 13 (2.97%) Maven
10 12 (2.74%) Bitbucket
11 11 (2.51%) Toad
12 10 (2.28%) ClearCase
13 9 (2.05%) SonarQube
13 9 (2.05%) TeamCity
14 8 (1.83%) Cucumber
14 8 (1.83%) Hudson
14 8 (1.83%) Mercurial
14 8 (1.83%) Vagrant
15 7 (1.60%) Ant
15 7 (1.60%) Selenium
General
1 61 (13.93%) Public Sector
2 51 (11.64%) Finance
3 27 (6.16%) Banking
4 12 (2.74%) Telecoms
5 7 (1.60%) Law
6 6 (1.37%) Retail
7 5 (1.14%) Investment Banking
7 5 (1.14%) Manufacturing
8 4 (0.91%) Electronics
8 4 (0.91%) Marketing
9 3 (0.68%) Aerospace
9 3 (0.68%) Publishing
10 2 (0.46%) French Language
10 2 (0.46%) Front Office
11 1 (0.23%) Back Office
11 1 (0.23%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.23%) Legal
11 1 (0.23%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 71 (16.21%) Linux Engineer
2 61 (13.93%) DevOps Engineer
3 56 (12.79%) Architect
4 41 (9.36%) Consultant
5 38 (8.68%) Administrator
6 35 (7.99%) Developer
7 25 (5.71%) Linux Administrator
8 23 (5.25%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 21 (4.79%) Technical Architect
10 19 (4.34%) Linux Systems Administrator
10 19 (4.34%) Systems Administrator
11 17 (3.88%) DBA
12 15 (3.42%) Oracle DBA
12 15 (3.42%) Software Engineer
13 14 (3.20%) Automation Engineer
13 14 (3.20%) Systems Developer
14 13 (2.97%) Cloud Engineer
14 13 (2.97%) Linux/Unix DevOps
14 13 (2.97%) Unix Administrator
15 11 (2.51%) Unix Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (8.90%) JSON
1 39 (8.90%) REST
2 37 (8.45%) Middleware
3 32 (7.31%) Elastic Stack
4 26 (5.94%) XML
5 20 (4.57%) Web Services
6 19 (4.34%) Kafka
6 19 (4.34%) React
6 19 (4.34%) Spring
6 19 (4.34%) Swagger
7 17 (3.88%) Spring Boot
8 16 (3.65%) WebSphere MQ
9 14 (3.20%) Apache Camel
9 14 (3.20%) gRPC
9 14 (3.20%) RESTful
10 13 (2.97%) LDAP
10 13 (2.97%) RabbitMQ
11 12 (2.74%) HTML
12 11 (2.51%) Software Packaging
13 10 (2.28%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 44 (10.05%) Data Centre
2 36 (8.22%) Clustering
3 27 (6.16%) EMC VNX
4 23 (5.25%) Analytical Skills
5 22 (5.02%) Private Cloud
6 19 (4.34%) Self-Motivation
7 13 (2.97%) Replication
7 13 (2.97%) VxBlock/Vblock
8 11 (2.51%) Enterprise Software
8 11 (2.51%) Linux Command Line
9 9 (2.05%) Management Information System
10 8 (1.83%) User Experience
11 7 (1.60%) PKI
12 6 (1.37%) Derivative
12 6 (1.37%) Device Driver
13 5 (1.14%) Cloud Native
14 4 (0.91%) Enterprise Cloud
14 4 (0.91%) NHS
15 3 (0.68%) CMDB
15 3 (0.68%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 438 (100.00%) Linux
2 147 (33.56%) Windows
3 108 (24.66%) CentOS
4 75 (17.12%) Windows Server
5 74 (16.89%) Unix
6 51 (11.64%) Solaris
7 45 (10.27%) Ubuntu
8 43 (9.82%) Windows 10
9 37 (8.45%) Windows Server 2012
10 34 (7.76%) Windows Server 2016
11 26 (5.94%) Debian
12 19 (4.34%) AIX
12 19 (4.34%) Windows XP
13 17 (3.88%) Windows Server 2019
14 15 (3.42%) Windows Server 2008
15 13 (2.97%) SUSE
16 11 (2.51%) VMS
17 8 (1.83%) Mac OS X
18 7 (1.60%) Oracle Linux
19 6 (1.37%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 154 (35.16%) DevOps
2 103 (23.52%) Agile Software Development
3 83 (18.95%) Configuration Management
4 65 (14.84%) Continuous Integration
5 63 (14.38%) Infrastructure as Code
6 50 (11.42%) Migration
7 39 (8.90%) Microservices
8 37 (8.45%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 37 (8.45%) Open Source
9 36 (8.22%) Kanban
10 35 (7.99%) Deployment Automation
11 34 (7.76%) Continuous Delivery
11 34 (7.76%) Disaster Recovery
11 34 (7.76%) Problem-Solving
12 32 (7.31%) Continuous Deployment
13 31 (7.08%) ITIL
13 31 (7.08%) Test Automation
14 30 (6.85%) Scrum
15 28 (6.39%) High Availability
16 25 (5.71%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 175 (39.95%) Python
2 118 (26.94%) Bash Shell
3 90 (20.55%) Perl
4 68 (15.53%) PowerShell
5 67 (15.30%) Java
6 46 (10.50%) SQL
7 41 (9.36%) Ruby
8 40 (9.13%) Shell Script
9 35 (7.99%) JavaScript
10 28 (6.39%) Groovy
11 22 (5.02%) C++
12 20 (4.57%) Go
12 20 (4.57%) PL/SQL
13 17 (3.88%) C
13 17 (3.88%) C#
14 9 (2.05%) T-SQL
15 6 (1.37%) Clojure
15 6 (1.37%) ClojureScript
15 6 (1.37%) Korn
15 6 (1.37%) Scala
Qualifications
1 154 (35.16%) Security Cleared
2 127 (29.00%) SC Cleared
3 37 (8.45%) DV Cleared
4 17 (3.88%) CCNA
4 17 (3.88%) Cisco Certification
5 15 (3.42%) Degree
6 11 (2.51%) RHCE
7 10 (2.28%) VCAP
8 9 (2.05%) RHCA
8 9 (2.05%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 8 (1.83%) CCNP
9 8 (1.83%) TOGAF Certification
10 6 (1.37%) RHCSA
11 5 (1.14%) BPSS Clearance
12 4 (0.91%) CTC Cleared
12 4 (0.91%) JNCIA
12 4 (0.91%) NCDA
12 4 (0.91%) VCP6
13 3 (0.68%) DBS Check
13 3 (0.68%) RHCVA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (1.83%) SLA
2 5 (1.14%) OASIS TOSCA
2 5 (1.14%) QA
3 4 (0.91%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 3 (0.68%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.68%) GDPR
5 2 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.46%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.46%) WCAG
6 1 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 1 (0.23%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 1 (0.23%) PMO
6 1 (0.23%) SEPA
System Software
1 101 (23.06%) VMware Infrastructure
2 84 (19.18%) Active Directory
3 79 (18.04%) Docker
4 41 (9.36%) vSphere
5 37 (8.45%) Virtual Machines
6 36 (8.22%) VMware ESXi
7 14 (3.20%) NFS
7 14 (3.20%) VMware NSX
8 9 (2.05%) GlusterFS
9 7 (1.60%) KVM
9 7 (1.60%) Oracle RAC
9 7 (1.60%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 6 (1.37%) Firmware
10 6 (1.37%) Hyper-V
10 6 (1.37%) LXC
11 5 (1.14%) Virtual Desktop
12 4 (0.91%) Gluster
12 4 (0.91%) iptables
13 3 (0.68%) Samba
13 3 (0.68%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 178 (40.64%) Ansible
2 118 (26.94%) Puppet
3 73 (16.67%) Kubernetes
4 72 (16.44%) Opscode Chef
5 65 (14.84%) Terraform
6 50 (11.42%) Grafana
7 31 (7.08%) Prometheus
8 30 (6.85%) SCCM
9 25 (5.71%) Kibana
10 24 (5.48%) Microsoft Clustering
10 24 (5.48%) Packer
10 24 (5.48%) Salt
11 21 (4.79%) IBM BigFix
12 19 (4.34%) Microsoft Intune
13 16 (3.65%) Red Hat Satellite
14 15 (3.42%) Oracle RMAN
15 14 (3.20%) ZABBIX
16 11 (2.51%) PowerCLI
17 9 (2.05%) vCenter Server
18 7 (1.60%) vRealize
Vendors
1 284 (64.84%) Red Hat
2 136 (31.05%) VMware
3 88 (20.09%) Oracle
4 55 (12.56%) Microsoft
5 49 (11.19%) EMC
6 42 (9.59%) Cisco
7 39 (8.90%) Splunk
8 34 (7.76%) Atlassian
9 30 (6.85%) IBM
10 26 (5.94%) Dell
11 24 (5.48%) Juniper
12 17 (3.88%) Adobe
12 17 (3.88%) Sun
13 15 (3.42%) Citrix
14 14 (3.20%) NetApp
15 13 (2.97%) Brocade
15 13 (2.97%) SAP
16 12 (2.74%) AppDynamics
16 12 (2.74%) F5
16 12 (2.74%) HP