Period
to 19 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 19 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK
6 months to
19 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 196 171 145
Rank change year-on-year -25 -26 +71
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 1,458 1,456 1,956
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.41% 1.53% 1.78%
As % of the Operating Systems category 6.80% 7.40% 7.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 969 1,009 1,334
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% -
10th Percentile £334 £328 £293
90th Percentile £625 £600 £573
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £400
% change year-on-year - +12.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 5 22
UK median hourly rate £49.50 £32.50 £32.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +52.31% +0.78% +10.56%
10th Percentile £23.86 £24.75 £12.75
90th Percentile £70.05 £54.50 £50.85
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.24 £27.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year +24.52% -23.61% +9.09%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21,450 19,666 24,623
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.73% 20.65% 22.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,429 12,406 15,476
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £180 £195 £210
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £389 £400 £375
% change year-on-year -2.75% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,457 1,139 1,338
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.06% - +2.10%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.50 £10.59
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.50 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £15.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year +3.23% -6.06% +4.76%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Contractor daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 19 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 19 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 19 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 1,344 £475 - 180
UK excluding London -6 873 £450 - 141
London -36 563 £525 +3.96% 62
North of England +32 296 £438 -2.78% 37
South East -38 242 £475 +11.76% 44
Yorkshire +62 147 £425 -11.46% 13
North West +7 114 £463 +0.54% 13
East of England +7 102 £429 -17.31% 15
Midlands +42 82 £513 -3.30% 16
Scotland -80 68 £450 +5.88% 12
South West -16 62 £475 +2.15% 6
West Midlands +19 60 £530 -1.40% 9
North East -30 35 £413 +3.13% 11
Wales -11 24 £450 -5.26% 9
East Midlands +17 22 £410 +2.50% 7

For the 6 months to 19 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 1,458 (100.00%) Linux
2 901 (61.80%) Red Hat
3 664 (45.54%) DevOps
4 505 (34.64%) Ansible
5 499 (34.22%) Puppet
6 449 (30.80%) Amazon AWS
7 447 (30.66%) Python
8 418 (28.67%) Jenkins
9 411 (28.19%) Agile Software Development
10 409 (28.05%) Unix
11 394 (27.02%) Windows
12 331 (22.70%) Java
13 324 (22.22%) Docker
14 315 (21.60%) VMware
15 308 (21.12%) CentOS
16 298 (20.44%) Configuration Management
17 292 (20.03%) Opscode Chef
18 284 (19.48%) Bash Shell
19 283 (19.41%) Terraform
20 274 (18.79%) Security Cleared
21 271 (18.59%) Continuous Integration
22 260 (17.83%) Oracle
23 256 (17.56%) Git (software)
24 235 (16.12%) Finance
25 228 (15.64%) Microsoft Azure
25 228 (15.64%) SC Cleared
26 223 (15.29%) Perl
27 203 (13.92%) Windows Server
28 198 (13.58%) SQL
29 196 (13.44%) Microsoft

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 142 (9.74%) Apache
2 126 (8.64%) JBoss
3 110 (7.54%) Tomcat
4 92 (6.31%) Confluence
5 53 (3.64%) WebLogic
6 41 (2.81%) IIS
7 37 (2.54%) OpenStack
8 35 (2.40%) WebSphere
9 34 (2.33%) Elasticsearch
10 33 (2.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 32 (2.19%) Apache Spark
12 31 (2.13%) nginx
13 18 (1.23%) WebSphere Application Server
14 14 (0.96%) Apache Solr
14 14 (0.96%) MS Exchange
15 13 (0.89%) WebLogic Portal
16 10 (0.69%) SharePoint
17 9 (0.62%) BizTalk Server
18 8 (0.55%) FileNet
18 8 (0.55%) Jupyter
Applications
1 19 (1.30%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (1.23%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.69%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.069%) Stata
Business Applications
1 17 (1.17%) ION MarketView
2 10 (0.69%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 7 (0.48%) Remedy ITSM
4 5 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.27%) BusinessWorks
5 4 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.14%) Concordance
7 2 (0.14%) Relativity
7 2 (0.14%) Remedy AR System
7 2 (0.14%) TIBCO iProcess
8 1 (0.069%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.069%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 449 (30.80%) Amazon AWS
2 228 (15.64%) Microsoft Azure
3 105 (7.20%) Amazon EC2
4 89 (6.10%) AWS CloudFormation
5 73 (5.01%) PaaS
6 61 (4.18%) OpenShift
7 59 (4.05%) Amazon S3
8 58 (3.98%) IaaS
9 53 (3.64%) GitHub
10 50 (3.43%) Serverless
11 49 (3.36%) AWS Lambda
12 46 (3.16%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 39 (2.67%) Slack
14 38 (2.61%) Google Cloud Platform
15 35 (2.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 30 (2.06%) Cloud Computing
17 25 (1.71%) Datadog
18 24 (1.65%) Amazon ELB
19 20 (1.37%) Route 53
19 20 (1.37%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 140 (9.60%) Firewall
2 133 (9.12%) SAN
3 99 (6.79%) DNS
4 91 (6.24%) TCP/IP
5 62 (4.25%) SSL
6 56 (3.84%) HTTP
7 48 (3.29%) VPN
8 46 (3.16%) Network Security
9 42 (2.88%) DHCP
10 41 (2.81%) NAS
11 38 (2.61%) SSH
12 33 (2.26%) Kerberos
12 33 (2.26%) VLAN
13 30 (2.06%) WinSCP
14 27 (1.85%) PuTTY
15 20 (1.37%) FTP
16 19 (1.30%) LAN
17 17 (1.17%) Fibre Channel
18 16 (1.10%) iSCSI
18 16 (1.10%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 107 (7.34%) SQL Server
2 91 (6.24%) MySQL
2 91 (6.24%) PostgreSQL
3 81 (5.56%) MongoDB
4 76 (5.21%) NoSQL
5 73 (5.01%) Oracle Database
6 64 (4.39%) Apache Cassandra
7 57 (3.91%) Hadoop
8 54 (3.70%) Big Data
9 51 (3.50%) Relational Database
10 49 (3.36%) Amazon RDS
11 48 (3.29%) Oracle Database 11g
12 40 (2.74%) Apache Hive
13 37 (2.54%) SQL Server 2012
14 32 (2.19%) Oracle Database 10g
15 31 (2.13%) SQL Server 2016
16 26 (1.78%) HBase
17 23 (1.58%) Amazon Redshift
17 23 (1.58%) DB2
18 15 (1.03%) KDB
Development Applications
1 418 (28.67%) Jenkins
2 256 (17.56%) Git (software)
3 132 (9.05%) JIRA
4 111 (7.61%) Sonatype Nexus
5 95 (6.52%) Vagrant
6 92 (6.31%) Maven
7 72 (4.94%) Subversion
8 67 (4.60%) Selenium
9 62 (4.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 59 (4.05%) Cucumber
11 53 (3.64%) Ant
12 49 (3.36%) JUnit
12 49 (3.36%) TeamCity
13 45 (3.09%) Artifactory
13 45 (3.09%) GitLab
14 38 (2.61%) Bitbucket
15 33 (2.26%) Eclipse
16 31 (2.13%) SoapUI
16 31 (2.13%) Travis CI
17 30 (2.06%) Oracle APEX
General
1 235 (16.12%) Finance
2 109 (7.48%) Banking
3 31 (2.13%) Telecoms
4 20 (1.37%) Investment Banking
5 18 (1.23%) Legal
5 18 (1.23%) Retail
6 8 (0.55%) Back Office
6 8 (0.55%) Financial Institution
7 7 (0.48%) Marketing
7 7 (0.48%) Publishing
8 6 (0.41%) Manufacturing
8 6 (0.41%) Retail Banking
9 5 (0.34%) Games
10 4 (0.27%) Advertising
11 3 (0.21%) Billing
11 3 (0.21%) Electronics
12 2 (0.14%) Dutch Language
12 2 (0.14%) Front Office
12 2 (0.14%) German Language
12 2 (0.14%) Law
Job Titles
1 444 (30.45%) DevOps Engineer
2 186 (12.76%) Linux Engineer
3 183 (12.55%) Administrator
4 170 (11.66%) AWS Engineer
5 157 (10.77%) AWS DevOps
6 137 (9.40%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 122 (8.37%) Systems Administrator
8 110 (7.54%) Linux Administrator
9 100 (6.86%) Architect
10 89 (6.10%) Developer
11 85 (5.83%) Consultant
12 84 (5.76%) Linux Systems Administrator
12 84 (5.76%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 63 (4.32%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 62 (4.25%) Linux DevOps Engineer
15 59 (4.05%) Cloud Engineer
16 58 (3.98%) Analyst
17 56 (3.84%) Systems Engineer
18 52 (3.57%) Unix Administrator
19 47 (3.22%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 134 (9.19%) Web Services
2 131 (8.98%) Middleware
3 80 (5.49%) Node.js
4 64 (4.39%) Elastic Stack
5 63 (4.32%) REST
6 58 (3.98%) .NET
7 57 (3.91%) LDAP
8 53 (3.64%) Kafka
9 41 (2.81%) Spring
10 38 (2.61%) JSON
11 36 (2.47%) J2EE
12 34 (2.33%) SOAP
13 31 (2.13%) XML
14 27 (1.85%) RabbitMQ
15 25 (1.71%) ActiveMQ
16 21 (1.44%) LAMP
17 19 (1.30%) WebSphere MQ
18 17 (1.17%) TIBCO EMS
19 15 (1.03%) FIX Protocol
19 15 (1.03%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 119 (8.16%) Analytical Skills
2 92 (6.31%) Data Centre
3 68 (4.66%) Linux Command Line
4 67 (4.60%) Clustering
5 51 (3.50%) Public Cloud
6 46 (3.16%) Enterprise Software
7 37 (2.54%) Management Information System
8 26 (1.78%) Greenfield Project
9 25 (1.71%) Private Cloud
9 25 (1.71%) Replication
10 22 (1.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 20 (1.37%) Computer Science
12 16 (1.10%) Self-Motivation
13 15 (1.03%) DataPower
13 15 (1.03%) PKI
14 14 (0.96%) Enterprise Storage
15 13 (0.89%) Wiki
16 10 (0.69%) Client/Server
16 10 (0.69%) Fat Client
16 10 (0.69%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 1,458 (100.00%) Linux
2 409 (28.05%) Unix
3 394 (27.02%) Windows
4 308 (21.12%) CentOS
5 203 (13.92%) Windows Server
6 182 (12.48%) Solaris
7 111 (7.61%) AIX
8 93 (6.38%) Ubuntu
9 79 (5.42%) Windows Server 2012
10 53 (3.64%) Windows Server 2008
11 37 (2.54%) SUSE
12 31 (2.13%) HPUX
13 27 (1.85%) Debian
14 26 (1.78%) Windows Server 2003
15 25 (1.71%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 22 (1.51%) DC/OS
16 22 (1.51%) Windows XP
17 18 (1.23%) Windows 10
18 11 (0.75%) Windows Embedded Compact
18 11 (0.75%) Windows NT
Processes & Methodologies
1 664 (45.54%) DevOps
2 411 (28.19%) Agile Software Development
3 298 (20.44%) Configuration Management
4 271 (18.59%) Continuous Integration
5 163 (11.18%) Deployment Automation
6 158 (10.84%) Open Source
7 156 (10.70%) Test Automation
8 145 (9.95%) Scrum
9 135 (9.26%) Problem-Solving
10 134 (9.19%) Continuous Delivery
11 121 (8.30%) ITIL
12 96 (6.58%) Migration
13 91 (6.24%) Kanban
14 90 (6.17%) Change Management
15 81 (5.56%) Mentoring
16 78 (5.35%) Microservices
17 75 (5.14%) Task Automation
18 71 (4.87%) High Availability
19 67 (4.60%) Load Balancing
20 63 (4.32%) Disaster Recovery
Programming Languages
1 447 (30.66%) Python
2 331 (22.70%) Java
3 284 (19.48%) Bash Shell
4 223 (15.29%) Perl
5 198 (13.58%) SQL
6 155 (10.63%) Shell Script
7 144 (9.88%) Ruby
8 81 (5.56%) JavaScript
9 68 (4.66%) PowerShell
10 46 (3.16%) Groovy
11 44 (3.02%) PHP
12 37 (2.54%) C
13 30 (2.06%) PL/SQL
14 27 (1.85%) F#
15 25 (1.71%) Korn
16 24 (1.65%) Java 8
17 22 (1.51%) C++
17 22 (1.51%) Go
18 16 (1.10%) AWK
18 16 (1.10%) C#
Qualifications
1 274 (18.79%) Security Cleared
2 228 (15.64%) SC Cleared
3 39 (2.67%) Degree
4 35 (2.40%) AWS Certification
5 31 (2.13%) RHCE
6 29 (1.99%) DV Cleared
7 26 (1.78%) ISEB
8 25 (1.71%) ISEB Practitioner
8 25 (1.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 13 (0.89%) Microsoft Certification
10 12 (0.82%) Cisco Certification
11 11 (0.75%) Computer Science Degree
11 11 (0.75%) RHCSA
12 8 (0.55%) CCNA
12 8 (0.55%) CISSP
13 7 (0.48%) MCSE
14 5 (0.34%) Numerate Degree
15 4 (0.27%) MCSA
15 4 (0.27%) OCP
15 4 (0.27%) VCAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (2.47%) SLA
2 33 (2.26%) QA
3 10 (0.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 8 (0.55%) PCI DSS
5 6 (0.41%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 5 (0.34%) GDPR
6 5 (0.34%) PMO
7 3 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.14%) GCP
8 2 (0.14%) MiFID
9 1 (0.069%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.069%) ECSS
9 1 (0.069%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.069%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 1 (0.069%) RMADS
System Software
1 324 (22.22%) Docker
2 177 (12.14%) VMware Infrastructure
3 140 (9.60%) Active Directory
4 82 (5.62%) Virtual Machines
5 64 (4.39%) vSphere
6 57 (3.91%) VMware ESXi
7 54 (3.70%) Hyper-V
8 42 (2.88%) NFS
9 30 (2.06%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 24 (1.65%) VirtualBox
11 20 (1.37%) Virtual Servers
12 19 (1.30%) Firmware
13 17 (1.17%) HDFS
13 17 (1.17%) iptables
14 16 (1.10%) XenApp
15 15 (1.03%) Apache Flume
15 15 (1.03%) Oracle RAC
16 14 (0.96%) KVM
17 12 (0.82%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 12 (0.82%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 505 (34.64%) Ansible
2 499 (34.22%) Puppet
3 292 (20.03%) Opscode Chef
4 283 (19.41%) Terraform
5 183 (12.55%) Kubernetes
6 99 (6.79%) Packer
7 51 (3.50%) Salt
8 40 (2.74%) Nagios
9 32 (2.19%) Red Hat Satellite
10 29 (1.99%) SCCM
11 27 (1.85%) HP ALM
11 27 (1.85%) NetBackup
12 26 (1.78%) Docker Swarm
13 25 (1.71%) SELinux
14 24 (1.65%) Grafana
15 22 (1.51%) logstash
16 20 (1.37%) Kibana
17 19 (1.30%) ZABBIX
18 17 (1.17%) Oozie
18 17 (1.17%) SCOM
Vendors
1 901 (61.80%) Red Hat
2 315 (21.60%) VMware
3 260 (17.83%) Oracle
4 196 (13.44%) Microsoft
5 107 (7.34%) IBM
6 93 (6.38%) HP
7 92 (6.31%) Splunk
8 65 (4.46%) Sun
9 57 (3.91%) Cisco
10 56 (3.84%) EMC
10 56 (3.84%) Veritas
10 56 (3.84%) webMethods
11 47 (3.22%) Citrix
12 43 (2.95%) Google
13 42 (2.88%) NetApp
13 42 (2.88%) SaltStack
14 33 (2.26%) Atlassian
15 31 (2.13%) Dell
15 31 (2.13%) TIBCO
16 30 (2.06%) Cloudera