Period
to 26 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 26 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK
6 months to
26 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 198 174 157
Rank change year-on-year -24 -17 +38
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 1,415 1,490 1,849
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.38% 1.50% 1.73%
As % of the Operating Systems category 6.65% 7.23% 7.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 904 995 1,223
UK median daily rate £500 £470 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.38% +10.59% -
10th Percentile £356 £319 £289
90th Percentile £613 £617 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £433 £400
% change year-on-year +9.83% +8.13% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 14 19
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £33.75 £28.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +24.44% +18.42% -2.30%
10th Percentile £26.98 £21.53 £12.75
90th Percentile £65.10 £45.15 £41.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £37.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year +12.00% +7.14% -2.78%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21,267 20,607 23,640
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.69% 20.80% 22.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,176 12,942 14,879
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £169 £181 £206
90th Percentile £606 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £393 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +4.67% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,516 1,215 1,285
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £17.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.86% +6.06% +0.92%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.83 £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £16.50 £16.00
% change year-on-year -3.03% +3.13% -

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Contractor daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 26 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 26 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 26 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -22 1,283 £500 +5.26% 207
UK excluding London -26 839 £475 +9.83% 162
London -23 563 £525 +2.44% 69
South East -56 236 £475 +11.76% 42
North of England +22 228 £460 +5.14% 36
East of England +7 119 £450 -10.00% 16
Yorkshire +26 105 £450 -10.00% 14
Scotland -69 84 £490 +15.29% 13
North West -11 78 £464 -11.67% 13
Midlands -1 70 £500 +36.99% 19
South West -20 69 £475 +18.75% 25
West Midlands +2 52 £525 -1.64% 14
North East -7 46 £458 +20.00% 9
Wales +2 34 £450 +20.00% 11
East Midlands +8 18 £475 +43.40% 5
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 26 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 1,415 (100.00%) Linux
2 853 (60.28%) Red Hat
3 629 (44.45%) DevOps
4 530 (37.46%) Ansible
5 490 (34.63%) Puppet
6 483 (34.13%) Amazon AWS
7 422 (29.82%) Windows
8 420 (29.68%) Unix
9 413 (29.19%) Python
10 407 (28.76%) Jenkins
11 346 (24.45%) Docker
12 330 (23.32%) CentOS
13 310 (21.91%) Agile Software Development
14 309 (21.84%) Terraform
15 303 (21.41%) Configuration Management
16 287 (20.28%) VMware
17 285 (20.14%) Opscode Chef
18 283 (20.00%) Finance
19 276 (19.51%) Java
20 262 (18.52%) Bash Shell
21 260 (18.37%) Security Cleared
22 249 (17.60%) Oracle
23 244 (17.24%) Git (software)
24 227 (16.04%) Continuous Integration
25 226 (15.97%) Microsoft Azure
26 225 (15.90%) SC Cleared
27 220 (15.55%) Windows Server
28 207 (14.63%) Microsoft
29 199 (14.06%) SQL
30 193 (13.64%) Kubernetes

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 160 (11.31%) Apache
2 119 (8.41%) JBoss
3 114 (8.06%) Tomcat
4 66 (4.66%) Confluence
5 59 (4.17%) WebLogic
6 54 (3.82%) IIS
7 40 (2.83%) OpenStack
8 38 (2.69%) nginx
9 33 (2.33%) WebSphere
10 23 (1.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 22 (1.55%) Elasticsearch
12 19 (1.34%) MS Exchange
13 17 (1.20%) Apache Spark
14 16 (1.13%) CMS
15 10 (0.71%) BizTalk Server
15 10 (0.71%) WebSphere Application Server
16 9 (0.64%) SharePoint
16 9 (0.64%) WebLogic Portal
17 7 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
17 7 (0.49%) Tuxedo
Applications
1 28 (1.98%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.85%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.071%) Houdini
4 1 (0.071%) Maya
4 1 (0.071%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.071%) NUKE
4 1 (0.071%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.071%) Stata
Business Applications
1 10 (0.71%) ION MarketView
2 7 (0.49%) Maximo
3 5 (0.35%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 5 (0.35%) Remedy ITSM
4 4 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
4 4 (0.28%) Oracle Cash Management
5 3 (0.21%) BusinessWorks
5 3 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
5 3 (0.21%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.14%) Concordance
6 2 (0.14%) Relativity
6 2 (0.14%) SAP GTS
6 2 (0.14%) TIBCO iProcess
7 1 (0.071%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.071%) Magento
7 1 (0.071%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.071%) Oracle Retail
7 1 (0.071%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.071%) PeopleSoft Financials
Cloud Services
1 483 (34.13%) Amazon AWS
2 226 (15.97%) Microsoft Azure
3 130 (9.19%) Amazon EC2
4 100 (7.07%) AWS CloudFormation
5 82 (5.80%) Amazon S3
6 80 (5.65%) PaaS
7 72 (5.09%) IaaS
8 65 (4.59%) OpenShift
9 58 (4.10%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 48 (3.39%) Amazon ELB
11 46 (3.25%) Route 53
11 46 (3.25%) Serverless
12 43 (3.04%) AWS Lambda
13 40 (2.83%) GitHub
14 37 (2.61%) Google Cloud Platform
15 36 (2.54%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 30 (2.12%) Datadog
17 29 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
17 29 (2.05%) SaaS
18 26 (1.84%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 155 (10.95%) Firewall
2 131 (9.26%) DNS
3 120 (8.48%) SAN
4 88 (6.22%) HTTP
5 87 (6.15%) TCP/IP
6 49 (3.46%) VPN
7 42 (2.97%) SSL
8 39 (2.76%) NAS
9 37 (2.61%) DHCP
10 29 (2.05%) SSH
11 28 (1.98%) Network Security
12 25 (1.77%) VLAN
13 23 (1.63%) iSCSI
14 22 (1.55%) Internet
15 20 (1.41%) DMZ
16 17 (1.20%) Kerberos
17 16 (1.13%) LAN
17 16 (1.13%) Multicast
17 16 (1.13%) WAN
18 15 (1.06%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 128 (9.05%) SQL Server
2 109 (7.70%) MySQL
3 81 (5.72%) MongoDB
4 79 (5.58%) PostgreSQL
5 73 (5.16%) Oracle Database
6 65 (4.59%) NoSQL
7 58 (4.10%) Relational Database
8 52 (3.67%) Hadoop
9 51 (3.60%) Apache Cassandra
10 45 (3.18%) Oracle Database 11g
11 39 (2.76%) Amazon RDS
12 36 (2.54%) Big Data
13 25 (1.77%) Oracle Database 12c
14 23 (1.63%) Amazon Redshift
15 22 (1.55%) SQL Server 2012
16 19 (1.34%) DB2
17 17 (1.20%) Amazon Aurora
18 15 (1.06%) Oracle Database 10g
19 14 (0.99%) Apache Hive
20 13 (0.92%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 407 (28.76%) Jenkins
2 244 (17.24%) Git (software)
3 102 (7.21%) Maven
3 102 (7.21%) Sonatype Nexus
4 88 (6.22%) JIRA
5 80 (5.65%) Vagrant
6 78 (5.51%) GitLab
7 70 (4.95%) Artifactory
8 52 (3.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 52 (3.67%) Subversion
9 51 (3.60%) Selenium
9 51 (3.60%) TeamCity
10 44 (3.11%) SonarQube
11 42 (2.97%) Cucumber
12 30 (2.12%) Travis CI
13 29 (2.05%) Bitbucket
14 27 (1.91%) Ant
15 24 (1.70%) IBM UrbanCode
16 18 (1.27%) JUnit
17 15 (1.06%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 283 (20.00%) Finance
2 132 (9.33%) Banking
3 41 (2.90%) Telecoms
4 30 (2.12%) Retail
5 25 (1.77%) Investment Banking
6 21 (1.48%) Legal
7 19 (1.34%) Marketing
8 18 (1.27%) Manufacturing
9 17 (1.20%) Publishing
10 15 (1.06%) Electronics
11 11 (0.78%) Financial Institution
11 11 (0.78%) Retail Banking
12 10 (0.71%) Front Office
13 4 (0.28%) Advertising
13 4 (0.28%) Back Office
14 3 (0.21%) Games
14 3 (0.21%) Law
15 2 (0.14%) Dutch Language
15 2 (0.14%) German Language
15 2 (0.14%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 434 (30.67%) DevOps Engineer
2 190 (13.43%) Linux Engineer
3 166 (11.73%) Administrator
4 153 (10.81%) AWS Engineer
5 148 (10.46%) AWS DevOps
6 131 (9.26%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 118 (8.34%) Architect
8 116 (8.20%) Systems Administrator
9 104 (7.35%) Linux Administrator
10 99 (7.00%) Linux/Unix DevOps
11 87 (6.15%) Consultant
12 86 (6.08%) Linux Systems Administrator
13 80 (5.65%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 74 (5.23%) Linux DevOps Engineer
15 66 (4.66%) Developer
16 57 (4.03%) Cloud Engineer
16 57 (4.03%) Operations Engineer
17 56 (3.96%) Analyst
18 54 (3.82%) Senior DevOps
19 47 (3.32%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 147 (10.39%) Middleware
2 130 (9.19%) Web Services
3 85 (6.01%) Elastic Stack
4 65 (4.59%) .NET
4 65 (4.59%) LDAP
5 53 (3.75%) Node.js
6 47 (3.32%) J2EE
7 41 (2.90%) REST
8 34 (2.40%) Kafka
9 27 (1.91%) XML
10 24 (1.70%) JSON
10 24 (1.70%) X-Windows
11 22 (1.55%) LAMP
11 22 (1.55%) Spring
11 22 (1.55%) Spring Boot
12 21 (1.48%) RabbitMQ
12 21 (1.48%) SOAP
13 19 (1.34%) HTML
14 18 (1.27%) Java EE
15 17 (1.20%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 105 (7.42%) Analytical Skills
2 102 (7.21%) Data Centre
3 66 (4.66%) Public Cloud
4 64 (4.52%) Clustering
5 49 (3.46%) Linux Command Line
6 40 (2.83%) Enterprise Software
7 34 (2.40%) Management Information System
7 34 (2.40%) Private Cloud
7 34 (2.40%) Replication
8 27 (1.91%) Greenfield Project
8 27 (1.91%) PKI
9 21 (1.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 19 (1.34%) Self-Motivation
11 15 (1.06%) Fat Client
11 15 (1.06%) Thin Client
12 14 (0.99%) Graphic Design
13 11 (0.78%) Computer Science
14 10 (0.71%) EMC VNX
15 9 (0.64%) Client/Server
15 9 (0.64%) iSeries
Operating Systems
1 1,415 (100.00%) Linux
2 422 (29.82%) Windows
3 420 (29.68%) Unix
4 330 (23.32%) CentOS
5 220 (15.55%) Windows Server
6 153 (10.81%) Solaris
7 104 (7.35%) AIX
8 89 (6.29%) Ubuntu
9 65 (4.59%) Windows Server 2012
10 45 (3.18%) SUSE
10 45 (3.18%) Windows Server 2008
11 31 (2.19%) Debian
12 26 (1.84%) Windows Server 2003
13 25 (1.77%) Windows XP
14 23 (1.63%) HPUX
15 21 (1.48%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 20 (1.41%) Windows 10
17 12 (0.85%) DC/OS
18 11 (0.78%) Windows 7
19 10 (0.71%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 629 (44.45%) DevOps
2 310 (21.91%) Agile Software Development
3 303 (21.41%) Configuration Management
4 227 (16.04%) Continuous Integration
5 123 (8.69%) Continuous Delivery
6 120 (8.48%) Problem-Solving
7 117 (8.27%) ITIL
7 117 (8.27%) Migration
8 109 (7.70%) Deployment Automation
9 105 (7.42%) Open Source
10 96 (6.78%) Scrum
11 95 (6.71%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 92 (6.50%) Test Automation
13 91 (6.43%) Change Management
14 86 (6.08%) Microservices
15 83 (5.87%) Disaster Recovery
16 61 (4.31%) Analytics
16 61 (4.31%) High Availability
16 61 (4.31%) Load Balancing
17 60 (4.24%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 413 (29.19%) Python
2 276 (19.51%) Java
3 262 (18.52%) Bash Shell
4 199 (14.06%) SQL
5 185 (13.07%) Perl
6 169 (11.94%) Shell Script
7 77 (5.44%) Ruby
8 76 (5.37%) PowerShell
9 55 (3.89%) JavaScript
10 33 (2.33%) C
11 31 (2.19%) Groovy
11 31 (2.19%) PHP
12 21 (1.48%) Go
13 19 (1.34%) C++
13 19 (1.34%) Korn
14 18 (1.27%) C#
14 18 (1.27%) PL/SQL
15 10 (0.71%) AWK
15 10 (0.71%) Bourne shell
15 10 (0.71%) F#
Qualifications
1 260 (18.37%) Security Cleared
2 225 (15.90%) SC Cleared
3 39 (2.76%) RHCE
4 38 (2.69%) Degree
5 28 (1.98%) AWS Certification
6 24 (1.70%) DV Cleared
7 14 (0.99%) Microsoft Certification
8 12 (0.85%) Cisco Certification
8 12 (0.85%) ITIL Certification
9 10 (0.71%) ISEB
9 10 (0.71%) ISEB Practitioner
9 10 (0.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 10 (0.71%) RHCSA
10 8 (0.57%) CCNA
10 8 (0.57%) MCSE
11 5 (0.35%) CESG Certified Professional
11 5 (0.35%) HND
11 5 (0.35%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 4 (0.28%) RHCVA
12 4 (0.28%) VCAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (2.40%) QA
2 27 (1.91%) SLA
3 14 (0.99%) PCI DSS
4 7 (0.49%) PMO
5 6 (0.42%) GDPR
5 6 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.14%) MiFID
7 1 (0.071%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.071%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.071%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.071%) RMADS
System Software
1 346 (24.45%) Docker
2 176 (12.44%) VMware Infrastructure
3 169 (11.94%) Active Directory
4 68 (4.81%) Virtual Machines
5 52 (3.67%) vSphere
6 50 (3.53%) VMware ESXi
7 47 (3.32%) NFS
8 43 (3.04%) Hyper-V
9 32 (2.26%) Oracle RAC
10 25 (1.77%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 20 (1.41%) Virtual Servers
12 19 (1.34%) KVM
12 19 (1.34%) VirtualBox
12 19 (1.34%) XenApp
13 18 (1.27%) iptables
14 16 (1.13%) Firmware
15 15 (1.06%) Microsoft App-V
16 12 (0.85%) LXC
17 11 (0.78%) XenDesktop
18 10 (0.71%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 530 (37.46%) Ansible
2 490 (34.63%) Puppet
3 309 (21.84%) Terraform
4 285 (20.14%) Opscode Chef
5 193 (13.64%) Kubernetes
6 93 (6.57%) Packer
7 53 (3.75%) Red Hat Satellite
8 40 (2.83%) Nagios
8 40 (2.83%) SELinux
9 35 (2.47%) Grafana
10 32 (2.26%) NetBackup
10 32 (2.26%) Prometheus
10 32 (2.26%) Salt
11 27 (1.91%) SCCM
12 24 (1.70%) Oracle ZFS
13 23 (1.63%) Rancher
14 22 (1.55%) Consul
15 21 (1.48%) Docker Swarm
16 20 (1.41%) logstash
16 20 (1.41%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 853 (60.28%) Red Hat
2 287 (20.28%) VMware
3 249 (17.60%) Oracle
4 207 (14.63%) Microsoft
5 109 (7.70%) IBM
6 86 (6.08%) Splunk
7 76 (5.37%) HP
8 62 (4.38%) Citrix
9 61 (4.31%) EMC
10 52 (3.67%) Cisco
10 52 (3.67%) Google
11 48 (3.39%) Veritas
12 42 (2.97%) Sun
13 37 (2.61%) webMethods
14 36 (2.54%) NetApp
15 34 (2.40%) Dell
15 34 (2.40%) New Relic
16 31 (2.19%) SAP
17 26 (1.84%) Atlassian
18 24 (1.70%) Remedy