Period
to 17 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 17 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 184 166 174
Rank change year-on-year -18 +8 +14
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 1,504 1,633 1,559
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.51% 1.63% 1.60%
As % of the Operating Systems category 7.23% 7.86% 7.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 958 1,141 1,050
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £363 £313 £313
90th Percentile £654 £638 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £433 £413
% change year-on-year +9.83% +4.85% -1.20%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 21 14
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £37.50 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.00% -2.60% +32.76%
10th Percentile £35.00 £24.50 £16.10
90th Percentile £49.00 £47.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £43.00 £43.50
% change year-on-year -2.33% -1.15% +29.85%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 20,808 20,777 20,589
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.93% 20.71% 21.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,971 13,265 12,935
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £402
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.85% +0.38%
10th Percentile £160 £168 £193
90th Percentile £600 £613 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £381 £370
% change year-on-year +4.99% +2.97% +2.07%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,355 1,263 1,278
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.06% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £11.00 £10.61
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.50 £46.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £16.62 £15.85
% change year-on-year -0.69% +4.83% -3.94%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Contractor daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -18 1,369 £518 +8.95% 230
UK excluding London -25 877 £475 +9.83% 158
London -13 600 £525 +5.00% 85
North of England 0 280 £475 +10.47% 32
South East -31 217 £450 +2.74% 52
Yorkshire -2 121 £450 -10.00% 16
South West +4 110 £500 +25.00% 37
North West -19 100 £478 +6.11% 8
Scotland -46 82 £490 -2.00% 7
Midlands -24 81 £508 +35.40% 16
East of England +36 74 £500 -9.01% 8
North East -1 63 £475 +11.76% 8
West Midlands -27 55 £525 +31.25% 10
Wales +4 30 £438 +16.67% 5
East Midlands -8 26 £500 +53.85% 6
Northern Ireland - 4 - - 1

For the 6 months to 17 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 1,504 (100.00%) Linux
2 886 (58.91%) Red Hat
3 693 (46.08%) DevOps
4 551 (36.64%) Puppet
5 543 (36.10%) Ansible
6 537 (35.70%) Amazon AWS
7 497 (33.05%) Windows
8 459 (30.52%) Jenkins
9 421 (27.99%) Python
10 379 (25.20%) Docker
11 348 (23.14%) Git (software)
12 347 (23.07%) Unix
13 338 (22.47%) Opscode Chef
14 337 (22.41%) Finance
15 330 (21.94%) Terraform
16 325 (21.61%) Oracle
17 317 (21.08%) Agile Software Development
18 311 (20.68%) CentOS
19 304 (20.21%) Configuration Management
20 291 (19.35%) Security Cleared
21 266 (17.69%) Java
22 265 (17.62%) Bash Shell
23 263 (17.49%) VMware
24 250 (16.62%) Windows Server
25 232 (15.43%) SC Cleared
26 229 (15.23%) Kubernetes
27 217 (14.43%) Microsoft Azure
28 214 (14.23%) Microsoft
29 209 (13.90%) Active Directory
30 202 (13.43%) Perl

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 148 (9.84%) Apache
2 116 (7.71%) JBoss
3 100 (6.65%) Confluence
4 73 (4.85%) Tomcat
5 60 (3.99%) WebLogic
6 44 (2.93%) IIS
7 43 (2.86%) WebSphere
8 32 (2.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 30 (1.99%) OpenStack
10 27 (1.80%) nginx
11 22 (1.46%) MS Exchange
12 18 (1.20%) Apache Spark
13 15 (1.00%) Elasticsearch
13 15 (1.00%) Skype for Business
14 13 (0.86%) Cloud Foundry
15 12 (0.80%) CMS
15 12 (0.80%) Oracle Service Bus
16 9 (0.60%) SharePoint
16 9 (0.60%) WebSphere Application Server
17 7 (0.47%) MQSeries
Applications
1 16 (1.06%) Microsoft Office
2 15 (1.00%) Chatbot
3 7 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
4 6 (0.40%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.13%) Houdini
5 2 (0.13%) Maya
5 2 (0.13%) NUKE
5 2 (0.13%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.066%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 19 (1.26%) Maximo
2 12 (0.80%) Sentinel
3 8 (0.53%) Oracle BPM
4 5 (0.33%) HFM
5 4 (0.27%) ION MarketView
5 4 (0.27%) Oracle Cash Management
5 4 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
6 3 (0.20%) Oracle Retail
6 3 (0.20%) Remedy ITSM
7 2 (0.13%) Infor SunSystems
7 2 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
7 2 (0.13%) PeopleSoft Financials
7 2 (0.13%) SAP GTS
8 1 (0.066%) Distributed Ledger
8 1 (0.066%) Magento
8 1 (0.066%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.066%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 537 (35.70%) Amazon AWS
2 217 (14.43%) Microsoft Azure
3 115 (7.65%) OpenShift
4 109 (7.25%) Amazon EC2
5 106 (7.05%) IaaS
6 104 (6.91%) PaaS
7 97 (6.45%) Datadog
8 91 (6.05%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 87 (5.78%) AWS CloudFormation
10 82 (5.45%) Amazon S3
11 81 (5.39%) Amazon ELB
12 70 (4.65%) Cloud Computing
13 68 (4.52%) GitHub
14 65 (4.32%) Route 53
15 45 (2.99%) Slack
16 40 (2.66%) SaaS
16 40 (2.66%) Serverless
17 34 (2.26%) Google Cloud Platform
18 25 (1.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 19 (1.26%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 153 (10.17%) Firewall
2 108 (7.18%) HTTP
3 106 (7.05%) DNS
4 85 (5.65%) SAN
5 75 (4.99%) TCP/IP
6 70 (4.65%) VPN
7 46 (3.06%) Network Security
8 40 (2.66%) SSL
9 37 (2.46%) Cisco Nexus
9 37 (2.46%) LAN
10 36 (2.39%) WAN
11 34 (2.26%) iSCSI
12 33 (2.19%) Internet
13 28 (1.86%) NAS
14 23 (1.53%) SSH
15 20 (1.33%) DHCP
16 16 (1.06%) MPLS
16 16 (1.06%) Skype
17 15 (1.00%) NetScaler
18 13 (0.86%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 168 (11.17%) SQL Server
2 137 (9.11%) MySQL
3 130 (8.64%) MongoDB
4 79 (5.25%) PostgreSQL
5 74 (4.92%) Oracle Database
6 56 (3.72%) Apache Cassandra
7 51 (3.39%) NoSQL
8 50 (3.32%) Hadoop
8 50 (3.32%) Relational Database
9 46 (3.06%) Big Data
10 41 (2.73%) Amazon RDS
11 38 (2.53%) Oracle Database 12c
12 35 (2.33%) Oracle Database 11g
13 27 (1.80%) Amazon Redshift
14 25 (1.66%) Amazon Aurora
15 24 (1.60%) RDBMS
16 14 (0.93%) Oracle Exadata
17 11 (0.73%) DB2
18 9 (0.60%) SQL Server 2008
19 8 (0.53%) Ingres
Development Applications
1 459 (30.52%) Jenkins
2 348 (23.14%) Git (software)
3 179 (11.90%) Sonatype Nexus
4 136 (9.04%) JIRA
5 129 (8.58%) GitLab
6 108 (7.18%) Maven
7 89 (5.92%) Artifactory
8 77 (5.12%) SonarQube
9 67 (4.45%) Subversion
10 59 (3.92%) Cucumber
11 54 (3.59%) TeamCity
12 53 (3.52%) Vagrant
13 34 (2.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 30 (1.99%) Bitbucket
14 30 (1.99%) Selenium
15 27 (1.80%) Octopus Deploy
16 23 (1.53%) IBM UrbanCode
17 19 (1.26%) Zephyr
18 15 (1.00%) Travis CI
19 14 (0.93%) SoapUI
General
1 337 (22.41%) Finance
2 100 (6.65%) Banking
3 42 (2.79%) Telecoms
4 31 (2.06%) Manufacturing
5 29 (1.93%) Marketing
6 27 (1.80%) Law
7 25 (1.66%) Electronics
7 25 (1.66%) Retail
8 23 (1.53%) Investment Banking
9 18 (1.20%) Financial Institution
10 14 (0.93%) Legal
11 12 (0.80%) Retail Banking
12 10 (0.66%) Publishing
13 8 (0.53%) Aerospace
13 8 (0.53%) Front Office
14 6 (0.40%) Back Office
15 5 (0.33%) Spanish Language
16 4 (0.27%) Automotive
17 3 (0.20%) Advertising
17 3 (0.20%) Games
Job Titles
1 448 (29.79%) DevOps Engineer
2 210 (13.96%) Linux Engineer
3 161 (10.70%) AWS Engineer
4 153 (10.17%) Administrator
5 147 (9.77%) Architect
6 136 (9.04%) AWS DevOps
7 125 (8.31%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 125 (8.31%) Linux/Unix DevOps
8 93 (6.18%) Linux DevOps Engineer
9 91 (6.05%) Linux Administrator
10 87 (5.78%) Systems Administrator
11 84 (5.59%) Consultant
12 80 (5.32%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 75 (4.99%) Developer
14 70 (4.65%) Linux Systems Administrator
15 68 (4.52%) Platform Engineer
16 62 (4.12%) Cloud Engineer
17 59 (3.92%) Senior DevOps
18 57 (3.79%) Analyst
18 57 (3.79%) Azure DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 146 (9.71%) Middleware
2 110 (7.31%) Web Services
3 84 (5.59%) Elastic Stack
4 78 (5.19%) Node.js
5 64 (4.26%) JSON
6 61 (4.06%) LDAP
7 57 (3.79%) X-Windows
8 55 (3.66%) XML
9 53 (3.52%) REST
10 51 (3.39%) .NET
10 51 (3.39%) SOAP
11 44 (2.93%) RESTful
12 34 (2.26%) HTML
12 34 (2.26%) J2EE
13 28 (1.86%) Spring Boot
14 26 (1.73%) WebSockets
15 25 (1.66%) Kafka
16 23 (1.53%) AngularJS
16 23 (1.53%) Spring
17 22 (1.46%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 119 (7.91%) Analytical Skills
2 79 (5.25%) Data Centre
3 72 (4.79%) Public Cloud
4 49 (3.26%) Linux Command Line
5 44 (2.93%) Management Information System
6 43 (2.86%) Clustering
6 43 (2.86%) Hybrid Cloud
7 42 (2.79%) Enterprise Software
8 35 (2.33%) Private Cloud
8 35 (2.33%) Replication
9 29 (1.93%) Greenfield Project
10 28 (1.86%) PKI
11 21 (1.40%) Self-Motivation
12 16 (1.06%) Mobile App
13 14 (0.93%) CMDB
14 12 (0.80%) Enterprise Cloud
14 12 (0.80%) Enterprise Storage
15 11 (0.73%) DataPower
16 9 (0.60%) CESG
16 9 (0.60%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 1,504 (100.00%) Linux
2 497 (33.05%) Windows
3 347 (23.07%) Unix
4 311 (20.68%) CentOS
5 250 (16.62%) Windows Server
6 119 (7.91%) Solaris
7 85 (5.65%) Ubuntu
8 64 (4.26%) AIX
9 60 (3.99%) Windows Server 2012
10 47 (3.13%) Windows Server 2008
11 27 (1.80%) SUSE
12 21 (1.40%) Debian
13 19 (1.26%) Windows Server 2003
14 16 (1.06%) HPUX
15 14 (0.93%) Windows 7
16 10 (0.66%) Oracle Linux
17 7 (0.47%) Windows 10
18 6 (0.40%) DC/OS
18 6 (0.40%) VMS
19 5 (0.33%) Data ONTAP
Processes & Methodologies
1 693 (46.08%) DevOps
2 317 (21.08%) Agile Software Development
3 304 (20.21%) Configuration Management
4 199 (13.23%) Continuous Integration
5 177 (11.77%) ITIL
6 168 (11.17%) Problem-Solving
7 143 (9.51%) Migration
8 130 (8.64%) Test Automation
9 115 (7.65%) Continuous Delivery
10 113 (7.51%) Microservices
11 110 (7.31%) Scrum
12 108 (7.18%) Deployment Automation
13 106 (7.05%) Open Source
14 102 (6.78%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 100 (6.65%) Performance Tuning
16 99 (6.58%) Disaster Recovery
17 87 (5.78%) Kanban
18 75 (4.99%) SDLC
19 73 (4.85%) Analytics
20 70 (4.65%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 421 (27.99%) Python
2 266 (17.69%) Java
3 265 (17.62%) Bash Shell
4 202 (13.43%) Perl
5 199 (13.23%) SQL
6 170 (11.30%) Shell Script
7 117 (7.78%) Ruby
8 97 (6.45%) PowerShell
9 87 (5.78%) JavaScript
10 23 (1.53%) PHP
11 21 (1.40%) R
12 18 (1.20%) Go
13 17 (1.13%) C
13 17 (1.13%) C#
14 16 (1.06%) Groovy
14 16 (1.06%) Korn
15 10 (0.66%) Java 8
16 6 (0.40%) AWK
16 6 (0.40%) PL/SQL
16 6 (0.40%) sed
Qualifications
1 291 (19.35%) Security Cleared
2 232 (15.43%) SC Cleared
3 93 (6.18%) RHCE
4 65 (4.32%) Degree
5 53 (3.52%) AWS Certification
5 53 (3.52%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 48 (3.19%) DV Cleared
7 44 (2.93%) Cisco Certification
8 34 (2.26%) CCNP
9 21 (1.40%) Microsoft Certification
10 20 (1.33%) MCSE
11 14 (0.93%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 13 (0.86%) ITIL Certification
13 10 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
13 10 (0.66%) Computer Science Degree
14 7 (0.47%) MCITP
15 6 (0.40%) CCNA
15 6 (0.40%) RHCSA
16 5 (0.33%) CESG Certified Professional
16 5 (0.33%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (1.73%) QA
2 13 (0.86%) SLA
3 11 (0.73%) PCI DSS
4 6 (0.40%) PMO
5 4 (0.27%) COBIT
5 4 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 3 (0.20%) PSD2
7 2 (0.13%) GDPR
8 1 (0.066%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.066%) Def Stans
8 1 (0.066%) HL7
8 1 (0.066%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.066%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 379 (25.20%) Docker
2 209 (13.90%) Active Directory
3 154 (10.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 54 (3.59%) VMware ESXi
5 52 (3.46%) NFS
5 52 (3.46%) Oracle RAC
6 45 (2.99%) Virtual Machines
7 42 (2.79%) vSphere
8 37 (2.46%) Hyper-V
9 22 (1.46%) XenApp
10 21 (1.40%) XenDesktop
11 19 (1.26%) KVM
12 14 (0.93%) VirtualBox
13 12 (0.80%) Samba
14 11 (0.73%) iptables
14 11 (0.73%) LXC
15 10 (0.66%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 10 (0.66%) Virtual Servers
16 9 (0.60%) Microsoft App-V
16 9 (0.60%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 551 (36.64%) Puppet
2 543 (36.10%) Ansible
3 338 (22.47%) Opscode Chef
4 330 (21.94%) Terraform
5 229 (15.23%) Kubernetes
6 97 (6.45%) Packer
7 55 (3.66%) Grafana
8 53 (3.52%) Prometheus
8 53 (3.52%) Red Hat Satellite
9 48 (3.19%) SELinux
10 45 (2.99%) Nagios
11 39 (2.59%) ZABBIX
12 37 (2.46%) Rancher
13 30 (1.99%) NetBackup
14 25 (1.66%) SCCM
15 22 (1.46%) Consul
15 22 (1.46%) vCenter Server
16 21 (1.40%) Tivoli Storage Manager
16 21 (1.40%) vMotion
17 20 (1.33%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 886 (58.91%) Red Hat
2 325 (21.61%) Oracle
3 263 (17.49%) VMware
4 214 (14.23%) Microsoft
5 126 (8.38%) Splunk
6 96 (6.38%) IBM
7 92 (6.12%) Cisco
8 72 (4.79%) Qualys
9 65 (4.32%) HP
10 63 (4.19%) Atlassian
11 53 (3.52%) Citrix
12 49 (3.26%) Google
13 47 (3.13%) ServiceNow
14 46 (3.06%) SAP
15 45 (2.99%) EMC
16 39 (2.59%) Black Duck
16 39 (2.59%) Dell
17 32 (2.13%) New Relic
18 28 (1.86%) NetApp
19 25 (1.66%) AppDynamics