Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 286 274 220
Rank change year-on-year -12 -54 -13
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 637 356 1,161
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.89% 0.97% 1.27%
As % of the Operating Systems category 5.76% 5.01% 6.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 390 242 744
10th Percentile £360 £325 £325
25th Percentile £419 £416 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £575 £550 £603
90th Percentile £650 £650 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £450
% change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 3 4
10th Percentile £48.95 £40.20 "
25th Percentile £53.44 £47.63 £23.75
Median hourly rate £63.00 £60.00 £29.38
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +104.26% -37.49%
75th Percentile " £63.00 £39.79
90th Percentile £78.00 £64.80 £43.92
UK excluding London median hourly rate £63.00 £66.00 £46.67
% change year-on-year -4.55% +41.42% +145.83%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 11,055 7,111 18,552
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.40% 19.36% 20.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,287 4,676 11,889
10th Percentile £185 £155 £154
25th Percentile £350 £310 £300
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £438 £425
Median % change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% -
75th Percentile £575 £538 £538
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 585 422 1,154
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.78 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.40 £14.00 £13.02
Median hourly rate £17.50 £18.45 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year -5.16% +5.44% +2.94%
75th Percentile £42.00 £28.57 £34.88
90th Percentile £61.40 £48.12 £47.79
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.23 £17.50 £16.21
% change year-on-year -7.26% +7.99% +1.28%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -46 483 £500 - 139
London -24 267 £525 +5.00% 44
UK excluding London -51 241 £475 -5.00% 99
Work from Home -124 179 £478 -6.83% 10
South East -47 75 £463 - 29
Scotland -9 53 £475 -9.52% 6
South West -26 42 £524 -4.73% 25
North of England -29 31 £425 -5.56% 18
Midlands -38 30 £400 -27.27% 11
West Midlands -34 20 £450 -18.18% 8
North West -28 18 £450 - 11
Yorkshire -18 12 £400 +11.89% 6
East Midlands -11 10 £400 -23.08% 3
East of England -14 6 £463 -4.64% 8
Wales -2 5 £650 +23.81% 2
North East -10 1 £160 -67.01% 1

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 637 (100.00%) Linux
2 401 (62.95%) Red Hat
3 248 (38.93%) Ansible
4 245 (38.46%) Windows
5 216 (33.91%) Python
6 209 (32.81%) DevOps
7 188 (29.51%) VMware
8 161 (25.27%) AWS
9 133 (20.88%) Azure
10 130 (20.41%) Oracle
11 127 (19.94%) Security Cleared
12 124 (19.47%) Agile Software Development
13 121 (19.00%) Docker
14 119 (18.68%) Firewall
15 118 (18.52%) Unix
16 115 (18.05%) Bash Shell
16 115 (18.05%) Terraform
17 114 (17.90%) VMware Infrastructure
18 111 (17.43%) Jenkins
19 108 (16.95%) SQL
20 107 (16.80%) Kubernetes
21 106 (16.64%) Windows Server
21 106 (16.64%) Git (software)
22 103 (16.17%) Finance
23 102 (16.01%) Social Skills
24 97 (15.23%) Puppet
25 94 (14.76%) SC Cleared
25 94 (14.76%) PowerShell
26 89 (13.97%) Migration
27 88 (13.81%) Active Directory

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (5.18%) Confluence
2 28 (4.40%) Apache
2 28 (4.40%) Elasticsearch
3 22 (3.45%) Tomcat
4 18 (2.83%) SharePoint
5 14 (2.20%) Apache Spark
5 14 (2.20%) nginx
6 10 (1.57%) IIS
7 9 (1.41%) WebLogic
8 8 (1.26%) OpenStack
8 8 (1.26%) Skype for Business
9 7 (1.10%) JBoss
9 7 (1.10%) MS Exchange
9 7 (1.10%) WebSphere
10 5 (0.78%) Apache Pig
10 5 (0.78%) WebSphere Application Server
11 4 (0.63%) Apache Solr
11 4 (0.63%) Drupal
11 4 (0.63%) Exchange Server 2010
11 4 (0.63%) MTS
Applications
1 13 (2.04%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.47%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.31%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 22 (3.45%) ION MarketView
2 8 (1.26%) SAP S/4HANA
3 5 (0.78%) Eikon
3 5 (0.78%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 4 (0.63%) Oracle EBS
4 4 (0.63%) Sentinel
5 3 (0.47%) Magento
5 3 (0.47%) Shopify
6 2 (0.31%) BASE24
6 2 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.16%) FLEXCUBE
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle Internet Expenses
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle iProcurement
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 161 (25.27%) AWS
2 133 (20.88%) Azure
3 56 (8.79%) IaaS
4 55 (8.63%) OpenShift
5 48 (7.54%) PaaS
6 35 (5.49%) GCP
7 34 (5.34%) AWS CloudFormation
8 33 (5.18%) GitHub
9 30 (4.71%) Serverless
10 27 (4.24%) SaaS
11 23 (3.61%) Microsoft 365
12 21 (3.30%) Amazon S3
13 20 (3.14%) Amazon EC2
14 18 (2.83%) AWS Lambda
15 17 (2.67%) Apigee
16 16 (2.51%) Azure Active Directory
17 11 (1.73%) Amazon EKS
17 11 (1.73%) Cloud Computing
17 11 (1.73%) Route 53
18 10 (1.57%) AWS CodeBuild
Communications & Networking
1 119 (18.68%) Firewall
2 61 (9.58%) SAN
3 51 (8.01%) DNS
4 50 (7.85%) TCP/IP
5 33 (5.18%) Multicast
6 29 (4.55%) VPN
7 24 (3.77%) NAS
8 16 (2.51%) HTTP
8 16 (2.51%) SSL
8 16 (2.51%) Wireshark
9 15 (2.35%) DHCP
9 15 (2.35%) SNMP
10 13 (2.04%) VSAN
11 12 (1.88%) Internet
12 11 (1.73%) tcpdump
13 10 (1.57%) Kerberos
13 10 (1.57%) SSH
14 9 (1.41%) IPsec
14 9 (1.41%) Skype
14 9 (1.41%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (8.79%) SQL Server
2 46 (7.22%) Oracle Database
3 43 (6.75%) MySQL
4 27 (4.24%) Oracle Database 12c
5 26 (4.08%) MongoDB
6 21 (3.30%) PostgreSQL
7 20 (3.14%) Big Data
8 16 (2.51%) NoSQL
9 15 (2.35%) Oracle Database 11g
10 13 (2.04%) Data Lake
11 10 (1.57%) RDBMS
11 10 (1.57%) Relational Database
11 10 (1.57%) SAP HANA
12 9 (1.41%) Apache Cassandra
12 9 (1.41%) Data Warehouse
12 9 (1.41%) Hadoop
12 9 (1.41%) InfluxDB
13 8 (1.26%) Amazon RDS
13 8 (1.26%) Azure SQL Database
13 8 (1.26%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 111 (17.43%) Jenkins
2 106 (16.64%) Git (software)
3 65 (10.20%) JIRA
4 57 (8.95%) GitLab
5 23 (3.61%) Sonatype Nexus
6 22 (3.45%) Artifactory
7 21 (3.30%) Maven
8 20 (3.14%) Bitbucket
8 20 (3.14%) Subversion
9 14 (2.20%) Eclipse
9 14 (2.20%) TeamCity
10 9 (1.41%) Gerrit
10 9 (1.41%) JUnit
10 9 (1.41%) SonarQube
11 8 (1.26%) Visual Studio
12 7 (1.10%) CircleCI
13 6 (0.94%) Ant
13 6 (0.94%) Jasmine
14 5 (0.78%) IntelliJ
14 5 (0.78%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 103 (16.17%) Finance
2 102 (16.01%) Social Skills
3 67 (10.52%) Banking
4 37 (5.81%) Public Sector
5 26 (4.08%) Analytical Skills
6 21 (3.30%) Front Office
7 15 (2.35%) Influencing Skills
8 13 (2.04%) Documentation Skills
9 9 (1.41%) Presentation Skills
9 9 (1.41%) Telecoms
10 7 (1.10%) Law
10 7 (1.10%) Organisational Skills
10 7 (1.10%) Prime Brokerage
11 5 (0.78%) Back Office
11 5 (0.78%) Electronics
12 4 (0.63%) Manufacturing
13 3 (0.47%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.47%) Investment Banking
13 3 (0.47%) Marketing
14 2 (0.31%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 87 (13.66%) DevOps Engineer
2 73 (11.46%) Administrator
3 71 (11.15%) Architect
4 65 (10.20%) Linux Engineer
5 55 (8.63%) Consultant
6 43 (6.75%) Linux Administrator
7 38 (5.97%) Systems Administrator
8 36 (5.65%) Developer
8 36 (5.65%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 26 (4.08%) Linux Systems Administrator
10 25 (3.92%) Analyst
11 22 (3.45%) Applications Support
11 22 (3.45%) Infrastructure Support
11 22 (3.45%) Unix Engineer
12 20 (3.14%) AWS Engineer
12 20 (3.14%) Linux Scripter
13 19 (2.98%) Electronic Trading Support
14 17 (2.67%) AWS DevOps
14 17 (2.67%) Firewall Support
14 17 (2.67%) Linux Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (5.65%) Kafka
2 34 (5.34%) Node.js
3 33 (5.18%) Web Services
4 32 (5.02%) LDAP
5 27 (4.24%) REST
6 24 (3.77%) Rendezvous
7 22 (3.45%) .NET
8 19 (2.98%) JSON
8 19 (2.98%) Middleware
9 17 (2.67%) YAML
10 16 (2.51%) LAMP
11 14 (2.20%) Elastic Stack
11 14 (2.20%) SOAP
11 14 (2.20%) Spring
12 12 (1.88%) OAuth
13 10 (1.57%) Apache NiFi
13 10 (1.57%) Spring Boot
14 9 (1.41%) HTML
14 9 (1.41%) SAML
14 9 (1.41%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 65 (10.20%) Data Centre
2 46 (7.22%) Clustering
3 36 (5.65%) Linux Command Line
4 29 (4.55%) Public Cloud
5 22 (3.45%) Management Information System
6 19 (2.98%) Cloud Native
7 16 (2.51%) Replication
8 13 (2.04%) PKI
9 9 (1.41%) Data Protection Act
9 9 (1.41%) EMC VNX
10 8 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
10 8 (1.26%) Equities
10 8 (1.26%) Private Cloud
10 8 (1.26%) Self-Motivation
11 7 (1.10%) Client/Server
12 6 (0.94%) Enterprise Storage
12 6 (0.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 6 (0.94%) Hybrid Cloud
12 6 (0.94%) Mainframe
13 4 (0.63%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 637 (100.00%) Linux
2 245 (38.46%) Windows
3 118 (18.52%) Unix
4 106 (16.64%) Windows Server
5 87 (13.66%) CentOS
6 77 (12.09%) Solaris
7 44 (6.91%) AIX
8 34 (5.34%) Ubuntu
9 26 (4.08%) Windows Server 2016
10 23 (3.61%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 22 (3.45%) Windows Server 2012
12 21 (3.30%) Windows Server 2019
13 19 (2.98%) VMS
14 18 (2.83%) SUSE
15 15 (2.35%) HPUX
16 11 (1.73%) Windows Server 2008
17 10 (1.57%) Oracle Linux
17 10 (1.57%) Windows 10
18 9 (1.41%) Debian
19 8 (1.26%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 209 (32.81%) DevOps
2 124 (19.47%) Agile Software Development
3 89 (13.97%) Migration
4 70 (10.99%) Configuration Management
5 59 (9.26%) ITIL
6 56 (8.79%) Change Management
6 56 (8.79%) Infrastructure as Code
7 55 (8.63%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 52 (8.16%) High Availability
9 47 (7.38%) Scrum
10 46 (7.22%) Project Management
11 45 (7.06%) Microservices
12 44 (6.91%) Problem-Solving
13 43 (6.75%) Capacity Management
14 41 (6.44%) Disaster Recovery
15 40 (6.28%) Cybersecurity
16 36 (5.65%) Open Source
16 36 (5.65%) Test Automation
17 33 (5.18%) Continuous Integration
17 33 (5.18%) Electronic Trading
Programming Languages
1 216 (33.91%) Python
2 115 (18.05%) Bash Shell
3 108 (16.95%) SQL
4 94 (14.76%) PowerShell
5 86 (13.50%) Java
6 82 (12.87%) Perl
7 63 (9.89%) Shell Script
8 42 (6.59%) JavaScript
9 28 (4.40%) C
10 24 (3.77%) PHP
11 23 (3.61%) Ruby
12 17 (2.67%) PL/SQL
13 15 (2.35%) C#
14 14 (2.20%) Go
15 13 (2.04%) C++
15 13 (2.04%) Search Processing Language
16 12 (1.88%) Groovy
17 11 (1.73%) T-SQL
18 10 (1.57%) Korn
19 9 (1.41%) Rust
Qualifications
1 127 (19.94%) Security Cleared
2 94 (14.76%) SC Cleared
3 34 (5.34%) DV Cleared
4 26 (4.08%) Degree
5 13 (2.04%) RHCE
6 11 (1.73%) AWS Certification
7 9 (1.41%) OCP
7 9 (1.41%) Oracle Certification
8 7 (1.10%) MCP
9 5 (0.78%) RHCSA
9 5 (0.78%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 4 (0.63%) Computer Science Degree
10 4 (0.63%) CTC Cleared
10 4 (0.63%) DBS Check
10 4 (0.63%) MCSE
10 4 (0.63%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.47%) MCSA
11 3 (0.47%) TOGAF Certification
12 2 (0.31%) LPIC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (1.10%) GDPR
1 7 (1.10%) PCI DSS
2 5 (0.78%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 5 (0.78%) SLA
3 4 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.47%) Accessibility
4 3 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 3 (0.47%) QA
5 2 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials
5 2 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 1 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.16%) NCSC
6 1 (0.16%) PMO
6 1 (0.16%) SEPA
System Software
1 121 (19.00%) Docker
2 114 (17.90%) VMware Infrastructure
3 88 (13.81%) Active Directory
4 32 (5.02%) VMware ESXi
5 28 (4.40%) Virtual Machines
5 28 (4.40%) vSphere
6 15 (2.35%) NFS
6 15 (2.35%) Oracle RAC
6 15 (2.35%) VMware NSX
7 14 (2.20%) Hyper-V
8 11 (1.73%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 8 (1.26%) iptables
9 8 (1.26%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 7 (1.10%) KVM
11 5 (0.78%) LXC
11 5 (0.78%) SRDF
11 5 (0.78%) Veritas File System
11 5 (0.78%) Virtual Desktop
12 4 (0.63%) Virtual Servers
12 4 (0.63%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 248 (38.93%) Ansible
2 115 (18.05%) Terraform
3 107 (16.80%) Kubernetes
4 97 (15.23%) Puppet
5 51 (8.01%) Opscode Chef
6 39 (6.12%) Red Hat Satellite
7 32 (5.02%) Grafana
8 25 (3.92%) vRealize
9 23 (3.61%) Packer
10 20 (3.14%) Salt
11 17 (2.67%) Kibana
11 17 (2.67%) NetBackup
11 17 (2.67%) Prometheus
12 14 (2.20%) Control-M
12 14 (2.20%) Microsoft Intune
13 13 (2.04%) Data Guard
14 12 (1.88%) SCCM
15 11 (1.73%) Oracle ZFS
16 9 (1.41%) Oracle RMAN
16 9 (1.41%) yum
Vendors
1 401 (62.95%) Red Hat
2 188 (29.51%) VMware
3 130 (20.41%) Oracle
4 83 (13.03%) Microsoft
5 48 (7.54%) Cisco
6 45 (7.06%) Veritas
7 44 (6.91%) HP
8 43 (6.75%) EMC
9 41 (6.44%) IBM
10 30 (4.71%) SAP
11 27 (4.24%) Splunk
12 26 (4.08%) SaltStack
13 25 (3.92%) NetApp
13 25 (3.92%) TIBCO
14 24 (3.77%) ION Trading
15 23 (3.61%) Citrix
15 23 (3.61%) Google
16 18 (2.83%) Dell
17 17 (2.67%) ServiceNow
18 16 (2.51%) 3PAR