Period
to 20 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 20 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 288 237 236
Rank change year-on-year -51 -1 -33
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 774 355 1,027
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.92% 1.13% 1.22%
As % of the Operating Systems category 6.02% 6.09% 5.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 508 212 644
10th Percentile £381 £323 £309
25th Percentile £450 £405 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £492 £500
Median % change year-on-year +6.71% -1.60% -
75th Percentile £625 £538 £600
90th Percentile £675 £600 £692
UK excluding London median daily rate £513 £500 £450
% change year-on-year +2.50% +11.11% -5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 4 7
10th Percentile £54.30 £40.43 £23.75
25th Percentile " £48.19 £35.00
Median hourly rate £63.00 £56.25 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +12.00% +18.42% +13.10%
75th Percentile £77.50 £62.44 £50.00
90th Percentile £80.25 £64.58 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £70.00 £57.50 £50.84
% change year-on-year +21.74% +13.11% +21.04%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 12,847 5,825 17,577
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.23% 18.49% 20.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,760 3,749 11,163
10th Percentile £165 £174 £150
25th Percentile £342 £316 £263
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £438 £425
Median % change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% -
75th Percentile £580 £538 £538
90th Percentile £675 £625 £619
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 691 299 1,196
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.81 £13.38 £14.00
Median hourly rate £17.50 £18.50 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year -5.41% +5.71% +2.94%
75th Percentile £42.44 £38.50 £40.00
90th Percentile £63.00 £52.60 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.64 £17.43 £16.50
% change year-on-year -4.53% +5.64% +3.13%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -58 584 £540 +8.00% 123
London -39 314 £550 +10.00% 45
UK excluding London -108 284 £513 +2.50% 80
Work from Home -112 197 £525 +16.67% 13
South East -95 73 £550 +7.95% 31
South West -25 59 £538 +2.38% 16
North of England -68 51 £525 +35.48% 11
Scotland -62 50 £463 +5.71% 2
North West -40 32 £575 +15.00% 7
Midlands -62 32 £470 -9.62% 9
West Midlands -55 23 £413 -25.00% 6
Yorkshire -50 16 £400 +45.45% 4
East of England -47 15 £463 -28.85% 10
East Midlands -24 8 £525 +0.96% 3
Wales -21 5 £650 - 1
North East - 4 £525 -

For the 6 months to 20 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 774 (100.00%) Linux
2 481 (62.14%) Red Hat
3 295 (38.11%) Ansible
4 278 (35.92%) Windows
5 273 (35.27%) DevOps
6 243 (31.40%) AWS
7 234 (30.23%) Python
8 218 (28.17%) VMware
9 172 (22.22%) Security Cleared
10 168 (21.71%) Docker
11 162 (20.93%) Bash Shell
12 161 (20.80%) Agile Software Development
13 158 (20.41%) Azure
14 155 (20.03%) Jenkins
15 151 (19.51%) Terraform
16 148 (19.12%) Git (software)
17 141 (18.22%) Kubernetes
18 139 (17.96%) Firewall
19 137 (17.70%) Oracle
20 136 (17.57%) VMware Infrastructure
21 135 (17.44%) SC Cleared
22 123 (15.89%) SQL
22 123 (15.89%) Microsoft
23 119 (15.37%) Social Skills
24 116 (14.99%) Java
25 115 (14.86%) Active Directory
26 112 (14.47%) Windows Server
27 109 (14.08%) Unix
28 108 (13.95%) Migration
29 104 (13.44%) Finance

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (6.46%) Confluence
2 36 (4.65%) Apache
3 32 (4.13%) Tomcat
4 25 (3.23%) Apache Spark
5 22 (2.84%) Elasticsearch
6 19 (2.45%) nginx
7 18 (2.33%) SharePoint
8 15 (1.94%) WebLogic
9 14 (1.81%) IIS
9 14 (1.81%) OpenStack
10 13 (1.68%) WebSphere
11 8 (1.03%) JBoss
11 8 (1.03%) Skype for Business
11 8 (1.03%) Traefik
12 7 (0.90%) Apache Pig
12 7 (0.90%) MS Exchange
13 6 (0.78%) WebSphere Application Server
14 5 (0.65%) Drupal
15 4 (0.52%) ArcGIS
15 4 (0.52%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 21 (2.71%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.78%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 3 (0.39%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 23 (2.97%) SAP S/4HANA
2 12 (1.55%) ION MarketView
3 4 (0.52%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.39%) Magento
4 3 (0.39%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.39%) Shopify
5 2 (0.26%) BASE24
6 1 (0.13%) FLEXCUBE
6 1 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.13%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 243 (31.40%) AWS
2 158 (20.41%) Azure
3 55 (7.11%) IaaS
4 48 (6.20%) GCP
4 48 (6.20%) PaaS
5 44 (5.68%) AWS CloudFormation
6 42 (5.43%) OpenShift
7 39 (5.04%) Amazon EC2
8 37 (4.78%) SaaS
9 33 (4.26%) GitHub
10 28 (3.62%) Amazon S3
11 25 (3.23%) Cloud Computing
11 25 (3.23%) Microsoft 365
12 23 (2.97%) Serverless
13 22 (2.84%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 22 (2.84%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 20 (2.58%) Amazon GuardDuty
15 19 (2.45%) Azure Active Directory
16 13 (1.68%) Amazon ECS
16 13 (1.68%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 139 (17.96%) Firewall
2 79 (10.21%) DNS
3 74 (9.56%) SAN
4 48 (6.20%) TCP/IP
5 36 (4.65%) VPN
6 29 (3.75%) WAN
7 27 (3.49%) Network Security
8 26 (3.36%) Multicast
9 25 (3.23%) NAS
10 23 (2.97%) HTTP
11 20 (2.58%) Internet
12 17 (2.20%) SSL
13 14 (1.81%) VSAN
14 13 (1.68%) DHCP
14 13 (1.68%) LAN
14 13 (1.68%) Software-Defined Networking
14 13 (1.68%) Wireshark
15 12 (1.55%) SSH
16 11 (1.42%) IPsec
16 11 (1.42%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 63 (8.14%) MySQL
2 54 (6.98%) Oracle Database
3 47 (6.07%) SQL Server
4 38 (4.91%) MongoDB
5 34 (4.39%) PostgreSQL
6 30 (3.88%) NoSQL
6 30 (3.88%) Oracle Database 12c
7 28 (3.62%) SAP HANA
8 27 (3.49%) Amazon RDS
9 21 (2.71%) Apache Cassandra
10 20 (2.58%) Oracle Database 11g
11 18 (2.33%) Big Data
11 18 (2.33%) Relational Database
12 17 (2.20%) Hadoop
12 17 (2.20%) RDBMS
13 15 (1.94%) DB2
14 14 (1.81%) Azure SQL Database
15 12 (1.55%) Tableau
16 11 (1.42%) Apache Hive
16 11 (1.42%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 155 (20.03%) Jenkins
2 148 (19.12%) Git (software)
3 84 (10.85%) GitLab
4 75 (9.69%) JIRA
5 36 (4.65%) Maven
6 28 (3.62%) Bitbucket
7 24 (3.10%) Sonatype Nexus
8 20 (2.58%) JUnit
8 20 (2.58%) TeamCity
9 19 (2.45%) Artifactory
10 18 (2.33%) Subversion
11 17 (2.20%) Jasmine
12 12 (1.55%) Gerrit
13 9 (1.16%) Eclipse
13 9 (1.16%) SonarQube
14 7 (0.90%) Visual Studio
15 6 (0.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 5 (0.65%) Ant
16 5 (0.65%) Robot Framework
16 5 (0.65%) Selenium
General
1 119 (15.37%) Social Skills
2 104 (13.44%) Finance
3 74 (9.56%) Banking
4 67 (8.66%) Public Sector
5 23 (2.97%) Analytical Skills
6 16 (2.07%) Documentation Skills
7 13 (1.68%) Telecoms
8 12 (1.55%) Presentation Skills
9 11 (1.42%) Front Office
10 10 (1.29%) Influencing Skills
11 8 (1.03%) Law
11 8 (1.03%) Organisational Skills
12 7 (0.90%) Prime Brokerage
13 6 (0.78%) International Banking
14 5 (0.65%) Electronics
15 4 (0.52%) Manufacturing
15 4 (0.52%) Marketing
16 3 (0.39%) Investment Banking
16 3 (0.39%) Publishing
16 3 (0.39%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 125 (16.15%) DevOps Engineer
2 89 (11.50%) Architect
3 81 (10.47%) Administrator
4 80 (10.34%) Consultant
5 66 (8.53%) Linux Engineer
6 49 (6.33%) Developer
7 44 (5.68%) Systems Administrator
8 42 (5.43%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 38 (4.91%) Linux Administrator
10 33 (4.26%) Infrastructure Architect
11 27 (3.49%) AWS DevOps
12 26 (3.36%) AWS Engineer
13 24 (3.10%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 24 (3.10%) Linux Systems Administrator
14 23 (2.97%) DBA
15 21 (2.71%) Technical Architect
15 21 (2.71%) Unix Engineer
16 20 (2.58%) Oracle DBA
17 19 (2.45%) Senior DevOps
18 18 (2.33%) Unix Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 55 (7.11%) Web Services
2 51 (6.59%) Node.js
3 47 (6.07%) REST
4 38 (4.91%) LDAP
5 35 (4.52%) Kafka
6 33 (4.26%) Spring
7 31 (4.01%) Spring Boot
8 28 (3.62%) Middleware
9 24 (3.10%) .NET
10 22 (2.84%) SAP Basis
11 19 (2.45%) JSON
12 18 (2.33%) Rendezvous
13 15 (1.94%) OAuth
14 14 (1.81%) Apache NiFi
14 14 (1.81%) LAMP
14 14 (1.81%) SOAP
15 13 (1.68%) AngularJS
15 13 (1.68%) Oracle GoldenGate
16 11 (1.42%) RESTful
16 11 (1.42%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 70 (9.04%) Data Centre
2 58 (7.49%) Clustering
3 32 (4.13%) Public Cloud
4 29 (3.75%) Linux Command Line
5 27 (3.49%) Private Cloud
6 23 (2.97%) PKI
7 22 (2.84%) Replication
8 21 (2.71%) Management Information System
9 18 (2.33%) Data Protection Act
9 18 (2.33%) Hybrid Cloud
10 17 (2.20%) Cloud Native
11 11 (1.42%) Self-Motivation
12 8 (1.03%) Enterprise Software
12 8 (1.03%) Equities
12 8 (1.03%) Mainframe
13 7 (0.90%) Enterprise Storage
13 7 (0.90%) Legacy Applications
14 6 (0.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 5 (0.65%) DataPower
15 5 (0.65%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 774 (100.00%) Linux
2 278 (35.92%) Windows
3 112 (14.47%) Windows Server
4 109 (14.08%) Unix
5 83 (10.72%) CentOS
6 61 (7.88%) Solaris
7 40 (5.17%) Ubuntu
8 39 (5.04%) AIX
9 30 (3.88%) VMS
10 23 (2.97%) Windows Server 2016
10 23 (2.97%) Windows Server 2019
11 22 (2.84%) SUSE
12 15 (1.94%) HPUX
12 15 (1.94%) Windows Server 2012
13 13 (1.68%) Windows 10
14 12 (1.55%) Debian
15 11 (1.42%) Oracle Linux
16 9 (1.16%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 8 (1.03%) Mac OS
17 8 (1.03%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 273 (35.27%) DevOps
2 161 (20.80%) Agile Software Development
3 108 (13.95%) Migration
4 97 (12.53%) Configuration Management
5 90 (11.63%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 88 (11.37%) Microservices
7 63 (8.14%) Scrum
8 60 (7.75%) Problem-Solving
9 57 (7.36%) Change Management
10 55 (7.11%) Cybersecurity
11 54 (6.98%) ITIL
12 50 (6.46%) High Availability
12 50 (6.46%) Open Source
13 48 (6.20%) Test Automation
14 45 (5.81%) Infrastructure as Code
15 44 (5.68%) Continuous Integration
16 42 (5.43%) Disaster Recovery
16 42 (5.43%) Kanban
17 39 (5.04%) Load Balancing
18 38 (4.91%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 234 (30.23%) Python
2 162 (20.93%) Bash Shell
3 123 (15.89%) SQL
4 116 (14.99%) Java
5 91 (11.76%) PowerShell
6 82 (10.59%) Perl
7 62 (8.01%) Shell Script
8 52 (6.72%) JavaScript
9 40 (5.17%) PHP
10 35 (4.52%) Ruby
11 34 (4.39%) C
12 21 (2.71%) PL/SQL
13 20 (2.58%) C#
14 19 (2.45%) C++
15 18 (2.33%) Go
16 13 (1.68%) Groovy
17 12 (1.55%) T-SQL
18 10 (1.29%) Search Processing Language
19 9 (1.16%) Korn
19 9 (1.16%) Scala
Qualifications
1 172 (22.22%) Security Cleared
2 135 (17.44%) SC Cleared
3 54 (6.98%) DV Cleared
4 23 (2.97%) Degree
5 15 (1.94%) BPSS Clearance
6 12 (1.55%) AWS Certification
6 12 (1.55%) OCP
6 12 (1.55%) Oracle Certification
6 12 (1.55%) RHCE
7 7 (0.90%) MCP
7 7 (0.90%) TOGAF Certification
8 6 (0.78%) RHCA
9 5 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
9 5 (0.65%) RHCSA
9 5 (0.65%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 4 (0.52%) DBS Check
10 4 (0.52%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.52%) MCSA
10 4 (0.52%) MCSE
11 3 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (1.16%) NCSC
2 6 (0.78%) PCI DSS
2 6 (0.78%) QA
3 5 (0.65%) GDPR
3 5 (0.65%) SLA
4 4 (0.52%) Accessibility
4 4 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 4 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 3 (0.39%) Cyber Essentials
5 3 (0.39%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
5 3 (0.39%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 2 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.13%) NIST
7 1 (0.13%) PMO
System Software
1 168 (21.71%) Docker
2 136 (17.57%) VMware Infrastructure
3 115 (14.86%) Active Directory
4 44 (5.68%) vSphere
5 32 (4.13%) Virtual Machines
6 31 (4.01%) Oracle RAC
7 30 (3.88%) VMware ESXi
8 25 (3.23%) VMware NSX
9 19 (2.45%) Hyper-V
10 14 (1.81%) NFS
11 12 (1.55%) KVM
12 10 (1.29%) HDFS
13 8 (1.03%) LXC
14 7 (0.90%) Ceph
14 7 (0.90%) Virtual Servers
15 6 (0.78%) Samba
15 6 (0.78%) SRDF
15 6 (0.78%) Veritas File System
15 6 (0.78%) Veritas Volume Manager
16 5 (0.65%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 295 (38.11%) Ansible
2 151 (19.51%) Terraform
3 141 (18.22%) Kubernetes
4 98 (12.66%) Puppet
5 47 (6.07%) Opscode Chef
6 41 (5.30%) Red Hat Satellite
7 32 (4.13%) Grafana
8 25 (3.23%) Packer
8 25 (3.23%) Prometheus
8 25 (3.23%) vRealize
9 21 (2.71%) Data Guard
10 17 (2.20%) NetBackup
10 17 (2.20%) ZABBIX
11 15 (1.94%) HAProxy
12 14 (1.81%) Microsoft Clustering
13 13 (1.68%) Consul
13 13 (1.68%) Control-M
13 13 (1.68%) Oracle RMAN
14 11 (1.42%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 11 (1.42%) SCCM
Vendors
1 481 (62.14%) Red Hat
2 218 (28.17%) VMware
3 137 (17.70%) Oracle
4 123 (15.89%) Microsoft
5 60 (7.75%) Cisco
6 52 (6.72%) HP
7 47 (6.07%) SAP
8 46 (5.94%) IBM
9 38 (4.91%) EMC
9 38 (4.91%) Splunk
10 31 (4.01%) Citrix
11 28 (3.62%) NetApp
12 25 (3.23%) Dell
13 24 (3.10%) Veritas
14 23 (2.97%) 3PAR
15 21 (2.71%) Sun
16 20 (2.58%) CheckPoint
17 19 (2.45%) Google
18 18 (2.33%) TIBCO
19 16 (2.07%) McAfee