Period
to 20 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 20 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK
6 months to
20 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 222 190 171
Rank change year-on-year -32 -19 -17
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 1,156 1,418 1,411
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.27% 1.42% 1.55%
As % of the Operating Systems category 6.36% 6.82% 7.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 747 980 966
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £348 £325 £335
90th Percentile £675 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 2 5
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £34.24 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.21% +24.52% -23.61%
10th Percentile £23.75 £20.75 £23.75
90th Percentile £39.33 £47.26 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.84 £34.24 £27.50
% change year-on-year +19.25% +24.52% -26.67%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 18,167 20,805 18,902
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.02% 20.84% 20.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,480 13,092 11,916
UK median daily rate £435 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.35% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £158 £185 £200
90th Percentile £625 £606 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £395 £400
% change year-on-year +1.27% -1.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,146 1,394 1,121
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.33 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.01% +5.00% -2.94%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £16.00 £15.50
% change year-on-year - +3.23% -6.06%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Contractor daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 20 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -37 1,050 £500 +5.26% 52
UK excluding London -33 649 £450 - 39
London +1 484 £525 - 17
South East -21 166 £413 -13.16% 6
North of England -67 160 £450 +4.65% 13
South West +16 115 £500 +17.65% 7
Midlands +7 78 £419 -16.25% 2
Scotland +31 74 £500 +11.11% 4
West Midlands +4 63 £413 -21.80% 2
North West -37 58 £475 +2.70% 6
Yorkshire -57 55 £450 +5.88% 6
East of England -29 48 £438 - 7
North East +12 47 £450 +12.50% 1
East Midlands +13 15 £425 -3.95%
Wales -9 5 £350 -22.22%
Northern Ireland - 3 £400 -

For the 6 months to 20 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 1,156 (100.00%) Linux
2 728 (62.98%) Red Hat
3 547 (47.32%) DevOps
4 490 (42.39%) Ansible
5 452 (39.10%) Amazon AWS
6 339 (29.33%) Python
7 327 (28.29%) Puppet
8 319 (27.60%) Jenkins
9 315 (27.25%) Windows
10 286 (24.74%) Docker
11 280 (24.22%) Security Cleared
12 276 (23.88%) Terraform
13 273 (23.62%) Git (software)
14 257 (22.23%) VMware
15 245 (21.19%) Agile Software Development
16 244 (21.11%) Opscode Chef
17 233 (20.16%) Kubernetes
18 223 (19.29%) Unix
19 215 (18.60%) SC Cleared
20 209 (18.08%) CentOS
21 202 (17.47%) Finance
22 200 (17.30%) Microsoft Azure
23 198 (17.13%) Oracle
24 183 (15.83%) Windows Server
25 182 (15.74%) Configuration Management
26 180 (15.57%) Java
27 177 (15.31%) Bash Shell
28 165 (14.27%) OpenShift
29 147 (12.72%) Active Directory
30 146 (12.63%) Splunk

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (5.97%) Tomcat
2 61 (5.28%) Apache
3 53 (4.58%) Confluence
3 53 (4.58%) JBoss
4 45 (3.89%) nginx
5 41 (3.55%) OpenStack
6 33 (2.85%) WebLogic
7 28 (2.42%) WebSphere
8 23 (1.99%) IIS
9 19 (1.64%) MS Exchange
10 14 (1.21%) Apache Spark
11 12 (1.04%) Elasticsearch
12 11 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
12 11 (0.95%) WebSphere Application Server
13 10 (0.87%) SharePoint
14 8 (0.69%) IBM HTTP Server
14 8 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 8 (0.69%) Skype for Business
14 8 (0.69%) WebSphere Portal
15 5 (0.43%) Jupyter
Applications
1 14 (1.21%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.43%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.17%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 7 (0.61%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.35%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.26%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.17%) Maximo
4 2 (0.17%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.087%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 452 (39.10%) Amazon AWS
2 200 (17.30%) Microsoft Azure
3 165 (14.27%) OpenShift
4 102 (8.82%) Amazon ELB
5 87 (7.53%) Amazon EC2
5 87 (7.53%) Amazon S3
5 87 (7.53%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 72 (6.23%) Datadog
7 65 (5.62%) Route 53
8 61 (5.28%) IaaS
9 57 (4.93%) PaaS
10 53 (4.58%) Google Cloud Platform
11 44 (3.81%) AWS CloudFormation
12 42 (3.63%) Apigee
13 35 (3.03%) GitHub
14 26 (2.25%) SaaS
15 25 (2.16%) Amazon ECS
16 22 (1.90%) Office 365
17 21 (1.82%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 19 (1.64%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 115 (9.95%) Firewall
2 93 (8.04%) SAN
3 80 (6.92%) DNS
4 63 (5.45%) WAN
5 61 (5.28%) HTTP
6 56 (4.84%) LAN
7 55 (4.76%) TCP/IP
8 53 (4.58%) VPN
9 35 (3.03%) DHCP
10 34 (2.94%) SSL
11 23 (1.99%) NAS
12 19 (1.64%) Internet
12 19 (1.64%) Network Security
13 16 (1.38%) Cisco Nexus
14 15 (1.30%) MPLS
14 15 (1.30%) VLAN
15 14 (1.21%) SMTP
16 11 (0.95%) NetScaler
16 11 (0.95%) Skype
16 11 (0.95%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 115 (9.95%) MySQL
2 106 (9.17%) Oracle Database
3 85 (7.35%) Amazon RDS
4 81 (7.01%) SQL Server
5 67 (5.80%) MongoDB
6 51 (4.41%) PostgreSQL
7 45 (3.89%) Hadoop
8 42 (3.63%) MariaDB
9 40 (3.46%) Apache Cassandra
9 40 (3.46%) Big Data
10 36 (3.11%) Oracle Database 12c
11 30 (2.60%) DB2
11 30 (2.60%) Relational Database
12 27 (2.34%) RDBMS
13 25 (2.16%) Amazon Aurora
14 24 (2.08%) Oracle Database 11g
15 13 (1.12%) Amazon Redshift
15 13 (1.12%) Data Warehouse
16 12 (1.04%) NoSQL
17 10 (0.87%) HBase
Development Applications
1 319 (27.60%) Jenkins
2 273 (23.62%) Git (software)
3 120 (10.38%) Sonatype Nexus
4 104 (9.00%) JIRA
5 71 (6.14%) SonarQube
6 54 (4.67%) GitLab
7 31 (2.68%) Maven
8 21 (1.82%) Bitbucket
9 18 (1.56%) Selenium
10 15 (1.30%) Artifactory
10 15 (1.30%) Cucumber
10 15 (1.30%) TeamCity
11 14 (1.21%) Subversion
12 13 (1.12%) Ant
13 11 (0.95%) JUnit
14 10 (0.87%) Vagrant
15 8 (0.69%) Bitbucket Server
15 8 (0.69%) Eclipse
15 8 (0.69%) Gerrit
16 7 (0.61%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 202 (17.47%) Finance
2 72 (6.23%) Banking
3 28 (2.42%) Telecoms
4 15 (1.30%) Marketing
5 14 (1.21%) Investment Banking
5 14 (1.21%) Manufacturing
6 12 (1.04%) Electronics
6 12 (1.04%) Retail
7 8 (0.69%) Back Office
8 7 (0.61%) Financial Institution
9 6 (0.52%) Legal
10 5 (0.43%) Games
10 5 (0.43%) German Language
11 4 (0.35%) French Language
12 3 (0.26%) Front Office
12 3 (0.26%) Law
12 3 (0.26%) Publishing
12 3 (0.26%) Retail Banking
13 2 (0.17%) Military
13 2 (0.17%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 337 (29.15%) DevOps Engineer
2 138 (11.94%) Administrator
3 123 (10.64%) Linux Engineer
4 92 (7.96%) Architect
5 89 (7.70%) AWS DevOps
6 84 (7.27%) AWS Engineer
7 77 (6.66%) Cloud Engineer
8 74 (6.40%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 71 (6.14%) Systems Administrator
10 69 (5.97%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 68 (5.88%) Consultant
12 67 (5.80%) Linux Administrator
13 54 (4.67%) DBA
14 51 (4.41%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 47 (4.07%) Linux Systems Administrator
15 47 (4.07%) Senior DevOps
16 46 (3.98%) Analyst
17 45 (3.89%) Unix Administrator
18 38 (3.29%) Developer
19 37 (3.20%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 89 (7.70%) Web Services
2 88 (7.61%) Middleware
3 51 (4.41%) Elastic Stack
4 50 (4.33%) LDAP
5 47 (4.07%) Node.js
6 38 (3.29%) JSON
7 37 (3.20%) RESTful
8 27 (2.34%) .NET
9 25 (2.16%) Kafka
9 25 (2.16%) SOAP
9 25 (2.16%) XML
10 21 (1.82%) J2EE
10 21 (1.82%) REST
11 19 (1.64%) HTML
12 15 (1.30%) Spring
13 12 (1.04%) Oracle Fusion
13 12 (1.04%) X-Windows
14 11 (0.95%) AngularJS
15 10 (0.87%) Java EE
15 10 (0.87%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 80 (6.92%) Data Centre
2 59 (5.10%) Public Cloud
3 55 (4.76%) Analytical Skills
4 52 (4.50%) Replication
5 49 (4.24%) Clustering
6 29 (2.51%) Management Information System
7 21 (1.82%) DataPower
7 21 (1.82%) Greenfield Project
8 20 (1.73%) Linux Command Line
8 20 (1.73%) PKI
9 19 (1.64%) Enterprise Software
9 19 (1.64%) Mainframe
10 15 (1.30%) Enterprise Storage
11 13 (1.12%) Self-Motivation
12 11 (0.95%) Cloud Native
12 11 (0.95%) Private Cloud
13 9 (0.78%) Enterprise Cloud
14 8 (0.69%) Data Protection Act
15 7 (0.61%) User Experience
15 7 (0.61%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,156 (100.00%) Linux
2 315 (27.25%) Windows
3 223 (19.29%) Unix
4 209 (18.08%) CentOS
5 183 (15.83%) Windows Server
6 123 (10.64%) Solaris
7 68 (5.88%) AIX
8 65 (5.62%) Windows Server 2012
9 61 (5.28%) Ubuntu
10 31 (2.68%) Windows Server 2008
11 27 (2.34%) Windows Server 2003
12 26 (2.25%) SUSE
13 22 (1.90%) Debian
14 11 (0.95%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 9 (0.78%) Oracle Linux
16 8 (0.69%) Fedora
17 6 (0.52%) Windows 10
18 5 (0.43%) HPUX
18 5 (0.43%) zOS
19 4 (0.35%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 547 (47.32%) DevOps
2 245 (21.19%) Agile Software Development
3 182 (15.74%) Configuration Management
4 119 (10.29%) Migration
5 117 (10.12%) ITIL
6 101 (8.74%) Microservices
7 97 (8.39%) Continuous Integration
8 96 (8.30%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 94 (8.13%) Problem-Solving
10 93 (8.04%) Infrastructure as Code
11 87 (7.53%) Scrum
12 74 (6.40%) Test Automation
13 71 (6.14%) Security Operations
14 69 (5.97%) Service Management
15 63 (5.45%) Open Source
16 60 (5.19%) Performance Tuning
17 53 (4.58%) Deployment Automation
18 52 (4.50%) Kanban
19 50 (4.33%) Disaster Recovery
20 49 (4.24%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 339 (29.33%) Python
2 180 (15.57%) Java
3 177 (15.31%) Bash Shell
4 131 (11.33%) SQL
5 121 (10.47%) Shell Script
6 108 (9.34%) PowerShell
7 102 (8.82%) Perl
8 81 (7.01%) Ruby
9 52 (4.50%) JavaScript
10 31 (2.68%) C
11 30 (2.60%) PHP
12 21 (1.82%) Go
13 20 (1.73%) PL/SQL
14 19 (1.64%) Groovy
15 17 (1.47%) C++
16 16 (1.38%) Korn
17 14 (1.21%) C#
18 10 (0.87%) Bourne shell
19 8 (0.69%) Scala
20 7 (0.61%) C-shell
Qualifications
1 280 (24.22%) Security Cleared
2 215 (18.60%) SC Cleared
3 105 (9.08%) RHCE
4 55 (4.76%) AWS Certification
5 49 (4.24%) DV Cleared
6 38 (3.29%) Degree
7 34 (2.94%) Cisco Certification
8 20 (1.73%) Microsoft Certification
9 19 (1.64%) MCSE
10 17 (1.47%) CCNP
11 15 (1.30%) RHCSA
12 14 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
12 14 (1.21%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 12 (1.04%) CCNA
14 11 (0.95%) MCSA
15 9 (0.78%) CISSP
16 8 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
16 8 (0.69%) IBM Certification
17 6 (0.52%) CISM
17 6 (0.52%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (4.58%) NIST
2 46 (3.98%) PCI DSS
3 41 (3.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 34 (2.94%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 15 (1.30%) NCSC
6 9 (0.78%) QA
7 8 (0.69%) SLA
8 3 (0.26%) COBIT
8 3 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
8 3 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.26%) PMO
9 1 (0.087%) Def Stans
9 1 (0.087%) NIST 800
System Software
1 286 (24.74%) Docker
2 147 (12.72%) Active Directory
3 130 (11.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 56 (4.84%) VMware ESXi
5 48 (4.15%) vSphere
6 45 (3.89%) Oracle RAC
7 36 (3.11%) XenApp
8 22 (1.90%) Hyper-V
9 18 (1.56%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 17 (1.47%) Virtual Machines
11 16 (1.38%) KVM
12 15 (1.30%) LXC
12 15 (1.30%) NFS
13 14 (1.21%) Gluster
14 13 (1.12%) Virtual Servers
15 12 (1.04%) Microsoft App-V
16 11 (0.95%) XenDesktop
17 9 (0.78%) HDFS
18 8 (0.69%) RACF
19 7 (0.61%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 490 (42.39%) Ansible
2 327 (28.29%) Puppet
3 276 (23.88%) Terraform
4 244 (21.11%) Opscode Chef
5 233 (20.16%) Kubernetes
6 65 (5.62%) Packer
7 45 (3.89%) Prometheus
8 40 (3.46%) Grafana
9 35 (3.03%) SCCM
10 32 (2.77%) SELinux
11 29 (2.51%) Nagios
12 24 (2.08%) HAProxy
13 23 (1.99%) Data Guard
14 21 (1.82%) NetBackup
15 19 (1.64%) Red Hat Satellite
16 17 (1.47%) Rancher
17 16 (1.38%) CloudForms
18 15 (1.30%) ZABBIX
19 14 (1.21%) vCenter Server
19 14 (1.21%) vRealize
Vendors
1 728 (62.98%) Red Hat
2 257 (22.23%) VMware
3 198 (17.13%) Oracle
4 146 (12.63%) Splunk
5 141 (12.20%) Microsoft
6 90 (7.79%) Cisco
7 78 (6.75%) Citrix
8 74 (6.40%) Qualys
9 73 (6.31%) IBM
10 47 (4.07%) NetApp
11 45 (3.89%) HP
12 40 (3.46%) EMC
13 39 (3.37%) Veritas
14 33 (2.85%) Atlassian
15 31 (2.68%) Dell
16 30 (2.60%) ServiceNow
17 26 (2.25%) Cloudera
18 24 (2.08%) Google
19 20 (1.73%) McAfee
20 17 (1.47%) Micro Focus