Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 187 173 156
Rank change year-on-year -14 -17 +45
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 1,516 1,583 1,822
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.45% 1.54% 1.72%
As % of the Operating Systems category 6.91% 7.31% 7.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 949 1,085 1,216
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £428
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +11.11% +0.59%
10th Percentile £354 £320 £299
90th Percentile £625 £625 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £450 £410
% change year-on-year +2.78% +9.76% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 19 14
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £35.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% +75.00% -40.30%
10th Percentile £35.00 £23.50 £12.75
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.50 £36.98
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £39.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +6.33% +97.50% -45.95%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21,942 21,645 22,927
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.03% 21.01% 21.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,575 13,720 14,392
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +2.56%
10th Percentile £163 £170 £200
90th Percentile £606 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £375 £370
% change year-on-year +3.33% +1.35% +2.07%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,507 1,315 1,312
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.06% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £11.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.83 £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £16.75 £15.75
% change year-on-year -1.49% +6.35% -1.56%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Contractor daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 1,355 £500 +5.26% 195
UK excluding London -18 911 £463 +2.78% 142
London -12 583 £525 +5.00% 63
South East -35 261 £450 +4.65% 37
North of England -1 229 £455 +4.00% 30
East of England +27 116 £450 -13.04% 15
Yorkshire +14 113 £450 -11.33% 13
Scotland -49 103 £490 +3.16% 2
South West -9 92 £493 +23.13% 32
Midlands -10 73 £510 +36.07% 18
North West -27 70 £450 -15.89% 11
West Midlands -20 60 £513 +11.47% 11
North East -10 50 £500 +19.05% 6
Wales +4 38 £450 +9.09% 6
East Midlands +5 13 £498 +53.08% 7
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 1,516 (100.00%) Linux
2 886 (58.44%) Red Hat
3 647 (42.68%) DevOps
4 535 (35.29%) Ansible
5 487 (32.12%) Amazon AWS
6 482 (31.79%) Puppet
7 448 (29.55%) Windows
8 426 (28.10%) Python
9 424 (27.97%) Jenkins
10 423 (27.90%) Unix
11 360 (23.75%) Docker
12 336 (22.16%) CentOS
13 325 (21.44%) Agile Software Development
14 321 (21.17%) Finance
15 312 (20.58%) Opscode Chef
16 299 (19.72%) Terraform
17 298 (19.66%) VMware
17 298 (19.66%) Configuration Management
18 295 (19.46%) Java
19 291 (19.20%) Git (software)
20 282 (18.60%) Oracle
21 280 (18.47%) Bash Shell
22 267 (17.61%) Security Cleared
23 239 (15.77%) Windows Server
24 224 (14.78%) Microsoft Azure
25 222 (14.64%) SQL
26 217 (14.31%) SC Cleared
27 214 (14.12%) Continuous Integration
28 210 (13.85%) Microsoft
29 197 (12.99%) Perl

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 192 (12.66%) Apache
2 152 (10.03%) JBoss
3 112 (7.39%) Tomcat
4 83 (5.47%) Confluence
5 81 (5.34%) WebLogic
6 49 (3.23%) IIS
7 43 (2.84%) OpenStack
8 38 (2.51%) WebSphere
9 30 (1.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 29 (1.91%) nginx
11 23 (1.52%) Elasticsearch
12 19 (1.25%) Apache Spark
13 18 (1.19%) MS Exchange
14 17 (1.12%) CMS
15 13 (0.86%) Oracle Service Bus
16 12 (0.79%) WebSphere Application Server
17 10 (0.66%) SharePoint
17 10 (0.66%) Skype for Business
18 9 (0.59%) WebLogic Portal
19 8 (0.53%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 25 (1.65%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (0.59%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.53%) Chatbot
4 6 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
5 4 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.13%) Houdini
6 2 (0.13%) Maya
6 2 (0.13%) NUKE
6 2 (0.13%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.066%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.066%) Stata
Business Applications
1 10 (0.66%) Maximo
2 9 (0.59%) Oracle BPM
3 8 (0.53%) ION MarketView
4 5 (0.33%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 5 (0.33%) Oracle Cash Management
5 4 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
6 3 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.20%) Oracle Retail
6 3 (0.20%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.20%) Sentinel
7 2 (0.13%) Infor SunSystems
7 2 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
7 2 (0.13%) PeopleSoft Financials
7 2 (0.13%) SAP GTS
8 1 (0.066%) Distributed Ledger
8 1 (0.066%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 487 (32.12%) Amazon AWS
2 224 (14.78%) Microsoft Azure
3 135 (8.91%) Amazon EC2
4 101 (6.66%) PaaS
5 97 (6.40%) Amazon S3
6 94 (6.20%) IaaS
7 90 (5.94%) AWS CloudFormation
8 83 (5.47%) OpenShift
9 75 (4.95%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 55 (3.63%) GitHub
10 55 (3.63%) Route 53
11 52 (3.43%) Amazon ELB
12 41 (2.70%) Slack
13 37 (2.44%) Google Cloud Platform
13 37 (2.44%) SaaS
14 35 (2.31%) Datadog
15 34 (2.24%) Cloud Computing
16 29 (1.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 21 (1.39%) Serverless
18 17 (1.12%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 160 (10.55%) Firewall
2 129 (8.51%) DNS
3 107 (7.06%) SAN
4 100 (6.60%) HTTP
5 85 (5.61%) TCP/IP
6 47 (3.10%) SSL
7 40 (2.64%) VPN
8 37 (2.44%) iSCSI
9 36 (2.37%) NAS
10 32 (2.11%) DHCP
10 32 (2.11%) WAN
11 31 (2.04%) Internet
12 29 (1.91%) LAN
13 25 (1.65%) SSH
14 24 (1.58%) Network Security
15 19 (1.25%) DMZ
15 19 (1.25%) Kerberos
16 17 (1.12%) MPLS
17 15 (0.99%) FTP
18 14 (0.92%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 141 (9.30%) SQL Server
2 129 (8.51%) MySQL
3 112 (7.39%) MongoDB
4 92 (6.07%) PostgreSQL
5 76 (5.01%) Oracle Database
6 73 (4.82%) NoSQL
7 65 (4.29%) Relational Database
8 64 (4.22%) Apache Cassandra
9 49 (3.23%) Big Data
10 45 (2.97%) Hadoop
11 42 (2.77%) Oracle Database 11g
12 40 (2.64%) Amazon RDS
13 29 (1.91%) Oracle Database 12c
14 21 (1.39%) Amazon Redshift
15 18 (1.19%) Amazon Aurora
15 18 (1.19%) RDBMS
15 18 (1.19%) SQL Server 2012
16 15 (0.99%) DB2
16 15 (0.99%) Oracle Reports
17 14 (0.92%) Oracle Exadata
Development Applications
1 424 (27.97%) Jenkins
2 291 (19.20%) Git (software)
3 107 (7.06%) Sonatype Nexus
4 106 (6.99%) Maven
5 104 (6.86%) JIRA
6 102 (6.73%) GitLab
7 72 (4.75%) Vagrant
8 71 (4.68%) Artifactory
9 60 (3.96%) Cucumber
10 55 (3.63%) Subversion
11 54 (3.56%) SonarQube
11 54 (3.56%) TeamCity
12 45 (2.97%) Selenium
13 41 (2.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 27 (1.78%) Bitbucket
15 24 (1.58%) IBM UrbanCode
16 21 (1.39%) Octopus Deploy
16 21 (1.39%) Travis CI
17 15 (0.99%) SoapUI
17 15 (0.99%) Zephyr
General
1 321 (21.17%) Finance
2 115 (7.59%) Banking
3 36 (2.37%) Telecoms
4 30 (1.98%) Retail
5 22 (1.45%) Investment Banking
6 21 (1.39%) Manufacturing
6 21 (1.39%) Marketing
7 17 (1.12%) Electronics
7 17 (1.12%) Publishing
8 16 (1.06%) Financial Institution
8 16 (1.06%) Law
9 15 (0.99%) Retail Banking
10 14 (0.92%) Legal
11 9 (0.59%) Front Office
12 5 (0.33%) Advertising
12 5 (0.33%) Spanish Language
13 4 (0.26%) Aerospace
13 4 (0.26%) Automotive
13 4 (0.26%) Games
14 2 (0.13%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 431 (28.43%) DevOps Engineer
2 216 (14.25%) Linux Engineer
3 177 (11.68%) Administrator
4 141 (9.30%) AWS Engineer
5 136 (8.97%) Architect
6 126 (8.31%) AWS DevOps
7 123 (8.11%) Systems Administrator
8 113 (7.45%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 113 (7.45%) Linux/Unix DevOps
9 104 (6.86%) Linux Administrator
10 90 (5.94%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 90 (5.94%) Linux Systems Administrator
11 85 (5.61%) Consultant
12 82 (5.41%) Linux DevOps Engineer
13 69 (4.55%) Developer
14 64 (4.22%) Cloud Engineer
15 62 (4.09%) Analyst
16 47 (3.10%) Unix Administrator
17 46 (3.03%) Azure DevOps
17 46 (3.03%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 169 (11.15%) Middleware
2 126 (8.31%) Web Services
3 92 (6.07%) Elastic Stack
4 65 (4.29%) LDAP
4 65 (4.29%) Node.js
5 63 (4.16%) .NET
6 49 (3.23%) JSON
7 47 (3.10%) J2EE
8 45 (2.97%) REST
9 41 (2.70%) X-Windows
10 38 (2.51%) XML
11 33 (2.18%) Kafka
12 29 (1.91%) Spring
13 27 (1.78%) HTML
13 27 (1.78%) RESTful
14 26 (1.72%) SOAP
15 24 (1.58%) RabbitMQ
15 24 (1.58%) Spring Boot
16 22 (1.45%) Java EE
17 21 (1.39%) LAMP
Miscellaneous
1 122 (8.05%) Analytical Skills
2 103 (6.79%) Data Centre
3 60 (3.96%) Public Cloud
4 50 (3.30%) Clustering
5 47 (3.10%) Enterprise Software
6 43 (2.84%) Management Information System
7 37 (2.44%) Linux Command Line
8 33 (2.18%) PKI
8 33 (2.18%) Private Cloud
9 32 (2.11%) Replication
10 24 (1.58%) Greenfield Project
10 24 (1.58%) Self-Motivation
11 17 (1.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 14 (0.92%) Computer Science
12 14 (0.92%) Fat Client
12 14 (0.92%) Graphic Design
12 14 (0.92%) Thin Client
13 11 (0.73%) EMC VNX
14 10 (0.66%) Enterprise Cloud
14 10 (0.66%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 1,516 (100.00%) Linux
2 448 (29.55%) Windows
3 423 (27.90%) Unix
4 336 (22.16%) CentOS
5 239 (15.77%) Windows Server
6 149 (9.83%) Solaris
7 99 (6.53%) AIX
8 84 (5.54%) Ubuntu
9 76 (5.01%) Windows Server 2012
10 42 (2.77%) Windows Server 2008
11 41 (2.70%) SUSE
12 28 (1.85%) Windows Server 2003
13 26 (1.72%) Debian
14 22 (1.45%) HPUX
15 21 (1.39%) Windows 10
16 20 (1.32%) Windows XP
17 18 (1.19%) Windows 7
18 17 (1.12%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
19 10 (0.66%) Oracle Linux
20 7 (0.46%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 647 (42.68%) DevOps
2 325 (21.44%) Agile Software Development
3 298 (19.66%) Configuration Management
4 214 (14.12%) Continuous Integration
5 139 (9.17%) Problem-Solving
6 131 (8.64%) ITIL
7 126 (8.31%) Continuous Delivery
8 119 (7.85%) Migration
9 117 (7.72%) Open Source
10 116 (7.65%) Test Automation
11 111 (7.32%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 109 (7.19%) Deployment Automation
12 109 (7.19%) Scrum
13 101 (6.66%) Disaster Recovery
14 96 (6.33%) Performance Tuning
15 95 (6.27%) Microservices
16 87 (5.74%) Kanban
17 81 (5.34%) Change Management
18 77 (5.08%) Analytics
19 72 (4.75%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 426 (28.10%) Python
2 295 (19.46%) Java
3 280 (18.47%) Bash Shell
4 222 (14.64%) SQL
5 197 (12.99%) Perl
6 195 (12.86%) Shell Script
7 94 (6.20%) PowerShell
8 90 (5.94%) Ruby
9 77 (5.08%) JavaScript
10 28 (1.85%) C
11 27 (1.78%) PHP
12 25 (1.65%) Groovy
13 23 (1.52%) C#
14 21 (1.39%) Go
15 20 (1.32%) Korn
16 14 (0.92%) R
17 9 (0.59%) Java 8
17 9 (0.59%) PL/SQL
18 8 (0.53%) Bourne shell
19 7 (0.46%) VB
Qualifications
1 267 (17.61%) Security Cleared
2 217 (14.31%) SC Cleared
3 47 (3.10%) RHCE
4 45 (2.97%) Degree
5 35 (2.31%) DV Cleared
6 27 (1.78%) AWS Certification
7 19 (1.25%) Microsoft Certification
8 16 (1.06%) MCSE
9 12 (0.79%) ITIL Certification
10 11 (0.73%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 10 (0.66%) Cisco Certification
11 10 (0.66%) RHCSA
12 8 (0.53%) CCNA
13 7 (0.46%) MCITP
14 6 (0.40%) CESG Certified Professional
14 6 (0.40%) HND
14 6 (0.40%) ISEB
14 6 (0.40%) ISEB Practitioner
14 6 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 4 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (2.44%) QA
2 16 (1.06%) PCI DSS
3 13 (0.86%) SLA
4 6 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 6 (0.40%) PMO
5 5 (0.33%) GDPR
6 3 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.20%) PSD2
6 3 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.066%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.066%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.066%) HL7
System Software
1 360 (23.75%) Docker
2 186 (12.27%) Active Directory
3 173 (11.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 63 (4.16%) NFS
5 61 (4.02%) Virtual Machines
6 60 (3.96%) vSphere
7 46 (3.03%) VMware ESXi
8 44 (2.90%) Hyper-V
9 42 (2.77%) Oracle RAC
10 22 (1.45%) KVM
11 21 (1.39%) XenApp
12 20 (1.32%) Virtual Servers
13 18 (1.19%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 17 (1.12%) vCloud
15 15 (0.99%) Samba
15 15 (0.99%) VirtualBox
16 14 (0.92%) Firmware
16 14 (0.92%) Microsoft App-V
17 13 (0.86%) iptables
17 13 (0.86%) LXC
Systems Management
1 535 (35.29%) Ansible
2 482 (31.79%) Puppet
3 312 (20.58%) Opscode Chef
4 299 (19.72%) Terraform
5 197 (12.99%) Kubernetes
6 92 (6.07%) Packer
7 65 (4.29%) Red Hat Satellite
8 48 (3.17%) Grafana
9 46 (3.03%) Prometheus
10 39 (2.57%) SELinux
11 37 (2.44%) Nagios
11 37 (2.44%) NetBackup
12 32 (2.11%) Rancher
12 32 (2.11%) ZABBIX
13 25 (1.65%) Consul
14 21 (1.39%) logstash
15 20 (1.32%) Oracle ZFS
15 20 (1.32%) vCenter Server
16 19 (1.25%) Data Guard
17 18 (1.19%) Kibana
Vendors
1 886 (58.44%) Red Hat
2 298 (19.66%) VMware
3 282 (18.60%) Oracle
4 210 (13.85%) Microsoft
5 121 (7.98%) IBM
6 95 (6.27%) Splunk
7 84 (5.54%) HP
8 64 (4.22%) Citrix
9 57 (3.76%) Cisco
10 51 (3.36%) Google
11 50 (3.30%) EMC
12 43 (2.84%) Atlassian
13 40 (2.64%) Veritas
14 36 (2.37%) Dell
15 35 (2.31%) Sun
16 34 (2.24%) Black Duck
17 32 (2.11%) NetApp
17 32 (2.11%) SAP
17 32 (2.11%) webMethods
18 31 (2.04%) ServiceNow