Period
to 14 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 14 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK
6 months to
14 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 224 200 181
Rank change year-on-year -24 -19 -19
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 1,052 1,430 1,469
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.23% 1.40% 1.49%
As % of the Operating Systems category 5.94% 6.73% 7.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 623 901 974
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +11.76%
10th Percentile £307 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 4 17
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.67% +20.00% +27.27%
10th Percentile £23.75 £24.65 £22.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £65.40 £47.35
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.67 £42.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year +11.12% +9.09% +21.26%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 17,720 21,246 20,514
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.75% 20.79% 20.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,030 13,106 12,926
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £425
10th Percentile £150 £163 £176
90th Percentile £613 £608 £590
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,241 1,504 1,224
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.00 £10.90
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.50 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.00 £16.50 £16.81
% change year-on-year +3.03% -1.81% +5.03%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Contractor daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 14 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -23 936 £500 - 141
UK excluding London -17 627 £450 -5.26% 112
London -17 391 £550 +4.76% 43
South East -4 179 £437 -8.11% 31
South West +34 134 £500 +5.26% 15
North of England -38 116 £466 +0.54% 21
Scotland -6 63 £488 -1.52% 10
Midlands +41 62 £325 -37.50% 25
East of England -25 54 £428 -5.00% 6
West Midlands +28 48 £325 -38.10% 9
North West -18 41 £538 +16.22% 6
Yorkshire -27 40 £450 -3.74% 12
North East +6 35 £458 -5.67% 3
Wales +11 17 £425 -5.56% 4
East Midlands +32 14 £300 -36.84% 16
Northern Ireland +7 2 £390 -

For the 6 months to 14 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 1,052 (100.00%) Linux
2 580 (55.13%) Red Hat
3 514 (48.86%) DevOps
4 402 (38.21%) Ansible
5 373 (35.46%) AWS
6 369 (35.08%) Python
7 330 (31.37%) Security Cleared
8 326 (30.99%) Jenkins
9 284 (27.00%) Agile Software Development
10 272 (25.86%) Docker
11 264 (25.10%) Git (software)
12 260 (24.71%) Windows
13 259 (24.62%) Bash Shell
14 251 (23.86%) Puppet
15 241 (22.91%) Terraform
16 235 (22.34%) CentOS
17 230 (21.86%) VMware
18 216 (20.53%) Opscode Chef
19 204 (19.39%) Java
20 198 (18.82%) SC Cleared
21 196 (18.63%) Configuration Management
22 192 (18.25%) Unix
23 191 (18.16%) Azure
24 190 (18.06%) Kubernetes
25 185 (17.59%) Finance
26 180 (17.11%) Oracle
27 152 (14.45%) OpenShift
28 150 (14.26%) Windows Server
29 145 (13.78%) Perl
30 141 (13.40%) Continuous Integration

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 89 (8.46%) Apache
2 65 (6.18%) Tomcat
3 60 (5.70%) nginx
4 50 (4.75%) JBoss
5 39 (3.71%) Confluence
6 34 (3.23%) Apache Spark
7 30 (2.85%) OpenStack
8 22 (2.09%) Elasticsearch
8 22 (2.09%) WebLogic
9 21 (2.00%) IIS
10 17 (1.62%) WebSphere
11 16 (1.52%) MS Exchange
12 15 (1.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 9 (0.86%) Jupyter
14 8 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
15 7 (0.67%) Exchange Server 2010
15 7 (0.67%) SAS
16 6 (0.57%) Jetty
16 6 (0.57%) Oracle HTTP Server
16 6 (0.57%) Oracle Self-Service HR
Applications
1 10 (0.95%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.29%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (0.67%) Payment Gateway
2 6 (0.57%) Oracle BPM
2 6 (0.57%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 3 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.19%) OpenText VIM for SAP
4 2 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.19%) Sentinel
5 1 (0.095%) FLEXCUBE
5 1 (0.095%) Loan IQ
5 1 (0.095%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.095%) Oracle Retail
5 1 (0.095%) PeopleSoft Financials
5 1 (0.095%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.095%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 373 (35.46%) AWS
2 191 (18.16%) Azure
3 152 (14.45%) OpenShift
4 82 (7.79%) Amazon EC2
5 78 (7.41%) Amazon S3
6 74 (7.03%) GCP
7 71 (6.75%) AWS CloudFormation
8 59 (5.61%) Amazon ELB
9 57 (5.42%) IaaS
10 52 (4.94%) Route 53
11 51 (4.85%) GitHub
12 50 (4.75%) Datadog
13 48 (4.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 46 (4.37%) PaaS
15 44 (4.18%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 27 (2.57%) Apigee
17 23 (2.19%) Office 365
17 23 (2.19%) SaaS
18 16 (1.52%) Azure Active Directory
19 11 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 96 (9.13%) Firewall
2 87 (8.27%) SAN
3 70 (6.65%) TCP/IP
4 62 (5.89%) DNS
5 44 (4.18%) WAN
6 42 (3.99%) VPN
7 40 (3.80%) Internet
7 40 (3.80%) LAN
8 33 (3.14%) HTTP
9 27 (2.57%) NAS
10 19 (1.81%) SSL
11 15 (1.43%) Network Security
12 14 (1.33%) DHCP
12 14 (1.33%) SSH
13 12 (1.14%) iSCSI
14 11 (1.05%) VSAN
15 9 (0.86%) VLAN
16 8 (0.76%) MPLS
16 8 (0.76%) OpenLDAP
17 7 (0.67%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 118 (11.22%) MySQL
2 93 (8.84%) SQL Server
3 92 (8.75%) Oracle Database
4 89 (8.46%) Big Data
5 69 (6.56%) Amazon RDS
6 56 (5.32%) MongoDB
7 53 (5.04%) PostgreSQL
8 52 (4.94%) Hadoop
9 36 (3.42%) Relational Database
10 31 (2.95%) MariaDB
11 27 (2.57%) DB2
11 27 (2.57%) Oracle Database 11g
12 25 (2.38%) Oracle Database 12c
13 23 (2.19%) Apache Cassandra
14 19 (1.81%) RDBMS
15 14 (1.33%) NoSQL
16 13 (1.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 13 (1.24%) HBase
17 12 (1.14%) Apache Hive
17 12 (1.14%) Impala
Development Applications
1 326 (30.99%) Jenkins
2 264 (25.10%) Git (software)
3 106 (10.08%) JIRA
4 84 (7.98%) Sonatype Nexus
5 56 (5.32%) SonarQube
6 49 (4.66%) Maven
7 35 (3.33%) Subversion
8 29 (2.76%) Cucumber
9 26 (2.47%) Bitbucket
10 25 (2.38%) GitLab
10 25 (2.38%) Selenium
11 20 (1.90%) TeamCity
12 19 (1.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 18 (1.71%) Visual Studio
14 17 (1.62%) Ant
14 17 (1.62%) Eclipse
15 16 (1.52%) Vagrant
15 16 (1.52%) Visual Studio Team System
16 15 (1.43%) Mercurial
17 14 (1.33%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 185 (17.59%) Finance
2 74 (7.03%) Public Sector
3 39 (3.71%) Banking
4 24 (2.28%) Telecoms
5 16 (1.52%) Retail
6 15 (1.43%) Manufacturing
6 15 (1.43%) Publishing
7 12 (1.14%) Investment Banking
8 11 (1.05%) Electronics
9 10 (0.95%) Back Office
10 9 (0.86%) Marketing
11 6 (0.57%) Financial Institution
11 6 (0.57%) Games
12 3 (0.29%) Law
12 3 (0.29%) Retail Banking
13 2 (0.19%) Aerospace
13 2 (0.19%) French Language
13 2 (0.19%) Front Office
13 2 (0.19%) German Language
13 2 (0.19%) Military
Job Titles
1 333 (31.65%) DevOps Engineer
2 121 (11.50%) Administrator
3 110 (10.46%) Linux Engineer
4 101 (9.60%) Cloud Engineer
5 70 (6.65%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 64 (6.08%) Architect
7 55 (5.23%) Systems Administrator
8 52 (4.94%) AWS DevOps
9 49 (4.66%) AWS Engineer
9 49 (4.66%) Linux/Unix DevOps
10 48 (4.56%) Consultant
11 47 (4.47%) Linux Administrator
12 43 (4.09%) Developer
12 43 (4.09%) Senior DevOps
13 42 (3.99%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 41 (3.90%) DBA
15 40 (3.80%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 39 (3.71%) Analyst
16 39 (3.71%) Linux DevOps Engineer
17 36 (3.42%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (7.70%) JSON
2 67 (6.37%) Web Services
3 61 (5.80%) Middleware
4 47 (4.47%) Node.js
5 45 (4.28%) .NET
6 42 (3.99%) Kafka
7 37 (3.52%) RabbitMQ
8 36 (3.42%) XML
9 33 (3.14%) LDAP
10 31 (2.95%) RESTful
11 29 (2.76%) Elastic Stack
12 26 (2.47%) Spring
13 25 (2.38%) REST
14 22 (2.09%) LEMP Stack
15 21 (2.00%) LAMP
16 20 (1.90%) AngularJS
17 19 (1.81%) YAML
18 18 (1.71%) Java EE
19 15 (1.43%) ActiveMQ
19 15 (1.43%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 101 (9.60%) Data Centre
2 74 (7.03%) Public Cloud
3 70 (6.65%) Clustering
4 64 (6.08%) Replication
5 57 (5.42%) Analytical Skills
6 31 (2.95%) Management Information System
7 27 (2.57%) Linux Command Line
8 25 (2.38%) Enterprise Cloud
8 25 (2.38%) Self-Motivation
9 21 (2.00%) PKI
10 16 (1.52%) Enterprise Software
11 14 (1.33%) Mainframe
12 13 (1.24%) Cyberthreat
12 13 (1.24%) Derivative
13 11 (1.05%) Cloud Native
14 10 (0.95%) EMC VMAX
14 10 (0.95%) Enterprise Storage
15 9 (0.86%) User Experience
16 8 (0.76%) Blog
16 8 (0.76%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 1,052 (100.00%) Linux
2 260 (24.71%) Windows
3 235 (22.34%) CentOS
4 192 (18.25%) Unix
5 150 (14.26%) Windows Server
6 96 (9.13%) Ubuntu
7 81 (7.70%) Solaris
8 43 (4.09%) AIX
9 40 (3.80%) Windows Server 2012
10 37 (3.52%) Windows Server 2008
11 36 (3.42%) Debian
12 31 (2.95%) SUSE
13 30 (2.85%) Windows Server 2003
14 22 (2.09%) Mac OS X
15 15 (1.43%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 13 (1.24%) HPUX
16 13 (1.24%) openSUSE
17 10 (0.95%) Apple iOS
18 9 (0.86%) Android
19 8 (0.76%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 514 (48.86%) DevOps
2 284 (27.00%) Agile Software Development
3 196 (18.63%) Configuration Management
4 141 (13.40%) Continuous Integration
5 138 (13.12%) ITIL
5 138 (13.12%) Migration
6 129 (12.26%) Scrum
7 118 (11.22%) Infrastructure as Code
8 114 (10.84%) Problem-Solving
9 101 (9.60%) Kanban
10 97 (9.22%) Open Source
11 96 (9.13%) Test Automation
12 94 (8.94%) Microservices
13 86 (8.17%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 80 (7.60%) High Availability
15 65 (6.18%) Project Delivery
16 61 (5.80%) Disaster Recovery
17 60 (5.70%) Mentoring
18 59 (5.61%) Continuous Delivery
19 58 (5.51%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 369 (35.08%) Python
2 259 (24.62%) Bash Shell
3 204 (19.39%) Java
4 145 (13.78%) Perl
5 134 (12.74%) Ruby
5 134 (12.74%) Shell Script
6 120 (11.41%) SQL
7 106 (10.08%) PowerShell
8 54 (5.13%) JavaScript
9 43 (4.09%) C
10 37 (3.52%) C++
11 32 (3.04%) PHP
12 23 (2.19%) Groovy
12 23 (2.19%) PL/SQL
13 21 (2.00%) Korn
14 19 (1.81%) Go
15 15 (1.43%) C#
15 15 (1.43%) Scala
16 9 (0.86%) Clojure
17 7 (0.67%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 330 (31.37%) Security Cleared
2 198 (18.82%) SC Cleared
3 57 (5.42%) DV Cleared
4 53 (5.04%) AWS Certification
5 40 (3.80%) RHCE
6 35 (3.33%) Degree
7 20 (1.90%) Microsoft Certification
8 18 (1.71%) MCSE
9 17 (1.62%) CISSP
10 16 (1.52%) Cisco Certification
11 15 (1.43%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 13 (1.24%) CCNA
13 11 (1.05%) MCSA
14 10 (0.95%) CISA
14 10 (0.95%) CISM
14 10 (0.95%) CISMP
14 10 (0.95%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
14 10 (0.95%) ISSMP
15 8 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
15 8 (0.76%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (4.47%) NIST
2 40 (3.80%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 23 (2.19%) PCI DSS
4 22 (2.09%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 15 (1.43%) COBIT
6 12 (1.14%) NCSC
7 11 (1.05%) QA
8 8 (0.76%) SLA
9 6 (0.57%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.095%) GMP
System Software
1 272 (25.86%) Docker
2 120 (11.41%) VMware Infrastructure
3 111 (10.55%) Active Directory
4 54 (5.13%) vSphere
5 48 (4.56%) Hyper-V
6 42 (3.99%) VMware ESXi
7 31 (2.95%) XenApp
8 30 (2.85%) NFS
9 29 (2.76%) Oracle RAC
10 28 (2.66%) Virtual Machines
11 27 (2.57%) LXC
12 20 (1.90%) Gluster
13 19 (1.81%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 18 (1.71%) XenDesktop
15 14 (1.33%) Virtual Servers
16 13 (1.24%) HDFS
17 12 (1.14%) KVM
18 10 (0.95%) GlusterFS
18 10 (0.95%) Veritas Volume Manager
19 7 (0.67%) RACF
Systems Management
1 402 (38.21%) Ansible
2 251 (23.86%) Puppet
3 241 (22.91%) Terraform
4 216 (20.53%) Opscode Chef
5 190 (18.06%) Kubernetes
6 35 (3.33%) Prometheus
7 31 (2.95%) Suricata
8 27 (2.57%) Packer
9 26 (2.47%) Grafana
9 26 (2.47%) Nessus
10 25 (2.38%) HAProxy
11 24 (2.28%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
12 22 (2.09%) Nagios
12 22 (2.09%) Salt
13 19 (1.81%) SCCM
14 16 (1.52%) NetBackup
15 15 (1.43%) Data Guard
15 15 (1.43%) SCOM
16 14 (1.33%) vCenter Server
16 14 (1.33%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 580 (55.13%) Red Hat
2 230 (21.86%) VMware
3 180 (17.11%) Oracle
4 126 (11.98%) Microsoft
5 91 (8.65%) Cisco
6 81 (7.70%) Splunk
7 68 (6.46%) HP
8 64 (6.08%) Citrix
9 52 (4.94%) Qualys
10 50 (4.75%) IBM
10 50 (4.75%) NetApp
11 38 (3.61%) ServiceNow
12 36 (3.42%) EMC
12 36 (3.42%) Veritas
13 30 (2.85%) Cloudera
14 26 (2.47%) Google
14 26 (2.47%) Sybase
15 22 (2.09%) Hortonworks
15 22 (2.09%) Symantec
16 18 (1.71%) Atlassian