Period
to 16 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 16 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK
6 months to
16 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 270 288 209
Rank change year-on-year +18 -79 -36
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 494 507 1,339
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.93% 0.87% 1.39%
As % of the Operating Systems category 5.78% 4.23% 6.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 338 363 915
10th Percentile £340 £325 £360
25th Percentile £400 £414 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £500 £518
Median % change year-on-year -5.00% -3.47% +9.04%
75th Percentile £538 £575 £600
90th Percentile £614 £650 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £500 £463
% change year-on-year -10.00% +8.11% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 2 8
10th Percentile £46.00 £40.07 £26.43
25th Percentile £50.00 £43.39 £34.38
Median hourly rate £58.50 £50.35 £43.50
Median % change year-on-year +16.19% +15.75% -6.45%
75th Percentile £62.25 £55.89 £47.50
90th Percentile £63.00 £58.36 £48.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £40.70 £43.50
% change year-on-year +35.14% -6.44% -6.45%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 8,551 12,000 19,661
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.10% 20.48% 20.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,624 7,726 12,693
10th Percentile £181 £138 £158
25th Percentile £325 £250 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £420 £425
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% -1.18% -
75th Percentile £538 £525 £538
90th Percentile £625 £606 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £388 £400
% change year-on-year -0.06% -3.06% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 446 950 1,127
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.61 £11.17
25th Percentile £14.13 £13.77 £13.00
Median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £16.77
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% +4.35% +1.64%
75th Percentile £43.56 £23.00 £27.25
90th Percentile £55.00 £47.53 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.00 £17.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +3.23%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 16 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 16 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 16 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +23 389 £475 -5.00% 98
UK excluding London +46 234 £450 -10.00% 83
London +8 179 £493 -1.50% 27
Work from Home -116 144 £475 +22.58% 13
South East +47 76 £400 -15.79% 26
Scotland +37 50 £475 -9.52% 6
North of England +34 35 £436 -8.32% 16
Midlands +27 28 £375 -26.47% 7
North West +21 23 £440 +0.57% 9
East of England +49 22 £494 -14.13% 5
South West +28 22 £524 -1.15% 17
West Midlands +18 19 £463 +2.78% 5
Yorkshire +32 11 £450 -5.26% 6
East Midlands +21 9 £375 -26.47% 2
Wales +6 2 £625 +17.65% 5
North East +22 1 £400 -19.19% 1

For the 6 months to 16 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 494 (100.00%) Linux
2 312 (63.16%) Red Hat
3 212 (42.91%) Ansible
4 181 (36.64%) Python
5 180 (36.44%) Windows
6 178 (36.03%) DevOps
7 150 (30.36%) VMware
8 134 (27.13%) Security Cleared
9 130 (26.32%) AWS
10 111 (22.47%) VMware Infrastructure
11 100 (20.24%) Azure
11 100 (20.24%) Jenkins
12 99 (20.04%) SC Cleared
13 95 (19.23%) Agile Software Development
13 95 (19.23%) Unix
14 94 (19.03%) Docker
15 93 (18.83%) CentOS
16 92 (18.62%) Oracle
16 92 (18.62%) Puppet
17 91 (18.42%) Bash Shell
18 85 (17.21%) Windows Server
19 83 (16.80%) Terraform
20 81 (16.40%) Active Directory
21 79 (15.99%) Finance
22 78 (15.79%) Perl
23 76 (15.38%) Kubernetes
24 74 (14.98%) PowerShell
25 73 (14.78%) Git (software)
25 73 (14.78%) Java
25 73 (14.78%) SQL Server

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (8.10%) SharePoint
2 31 (6.28%) IIS
3 27 (5.47%) Confluence
3 27 (5.47%) Elasticsearch
4 25 (5.06%) MS Exchange
5 17 (3.44%) Tomcat
6 16 (3.24%) Apache
6 16 (3.24%) WebSphere
7 15 (3.04%) JBoss
8 11 (2.23%) nginx
9 9 (1.82%) WebLogic
10 8 (1.62%) OpenStack
11 6 (1.21%) Red Hat Fuse
12 5 (1.01%) MQSeries
13 4 (0.81%) Jetty
13 4 (0.81%) Mailman
13 4 (0.81%) Oracle Self-Service HR
13 4 (0.81%) WebSphere Application Server
14 3 (0.61%) Apache Spark
14 3 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 3 (0.61%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 9 (1.82%) ION MarketView
2 5 (1.01%) Eikon
2 5 (1.01%) Oracle EBS
2 5 (1.01%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
3 4 (0.81%) Sentinel
3 4 (0.81%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 3 (0.61%) Oracle Applications
4 3 (0.61%) Remedy ITSM
5 2 (0.40%) Oracle EBS R12
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle iProcurement
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 130 (26.32%) AWS
2 100 (20.24%) Azure
3 46 (9.31%) OpenShift
4 45 (9.11%) IaaS
5 41 (8.30%) PaaS
6 36 (7.29%) AWS CloudFormation
7 34 (6.88%) Microsoft 365
8 30 (6.07%) GitHub
9 28 (5.67%) Serverless
10 24 (4.86%) Amazon EC2
11 23 (4.66%) Amazon S3
11 23 (4.66%) AWS Lambda
11 23 (4.66%) GCP
12 18 (3.64%) Route 53
13 15 (3.04%) Amazon GuardDuty
14 14 (2.83%) Amazon EKS
15 13 (2.63%) AWS CodeBuild
16 10 (2.02%) SaaS
17 9 (1.82%) Amazon ECS
18 8 (1.62%) AWS CodePipeline
Communications & Networking
1 71 (14.37%) Firewall
2 47 (9.51%) DNS
3 41 (8.30%) TCP/IP
4 33 (6.68%) SAN
5 22 (4.45%) WAAS
6 19 (3.85%) VPN
7 15 (3.04%) WAN
8 14 (2.83%) LAN
9 13 (2.63%) Multicast
9 13 (2.63%) NAS
10 11 (2.23%) iSCSI
10 11 (2.23%) SNMP
10 11 (2.23%) SSL
11 9 (1.82%) Fibre Channel
11 9 (1.82%) IPv4
11 9 (1.82%) IPv6
11 9 (1.82%) Wireless
12 7 (1.42%) Reverse Proxy
12 7 (1.42%) SSH
12 7 (1.42%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (14.78%) SQL Server
2 32 (6.48%) Oracle Database
3 20 (4.05%) MongoDB
4 19 (3.85%) MySQL
5 18 (3.64%) PostgreSQL
6 16 (3.24%) Relational Database
7 12 (2.43%) Data Lake
8 11 (2.23%) DB2
8 11 (2.23%) RDBMS
9 10 (2.02%) Hadoop
10 9 (1.82%) Oracle Reports
11 7 (1.42%) Big Data
11 7 (1.42%) Data Warehouse
11 7 (1.42%) InfluxDB
11 7 (1.42%) NoSQL
12 6 (1.21%) Azure SQL Database
12 6 (1.21%) Oracle Database 12c
13 5 (1.01%) Apache Cassandra
13 5 (1.01%) Oracle Database 11g
13 5 (1.01%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 100 (20.24%) Jenkins
2 73 (14.78%) Git (software)
3 68 (13.77%) GitLab
4 56 (11.34%) JIRA
5 35 (7.09%) Artifactory
6 19 (3.85%) Sonatype Nexus
7 17 (3.44%) Subversion
8 16 (3.24%) SonarQube
9 15 (3.04%) Maven
10 14 (2.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 14 (2.83%) Bitbucket
11 11 (2.23%) TeamCity
12 9 (1.82%) Eclipse
13 8 (1.62%) Vagrant
14 7 (1.42%) Bitbucket Server
14 7 (1.42%) ClearCase
15 6 (1.21%) Ant
15 6 (1.21%) CA Release Automation
15 6 (1.21%) Hudson
15 6 (1.21%) Selenium
General
1 79 (15.99%) Finance
2 51 (10.32%) Public Sector
3 40 (8.10%) Banking
4 9 (1.82%) Front Office
5 7 (1.42%) Telecoms
6 5 (1.01%) Electronics
6 5 (1.01%) Law
6 5 (1.01%) Manufacturing
6 5 (1.01%) Marketing
6 5 (1.01%) Retail
7 4 (0.81%) Aerospace
7 4 (0.81%) Back Office
8 3 (0.61%) Financial Institution
8 3 (0.61%) Investment Banking
8 3 (0.61%) Publishing
9 2 (0.40%) Legal
9 2 (0.40%) Local Government
10 1 (0.20%) Advertising
10 1 (0.20%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 81 (16.40%) Architect
2 74 (14.98%) DevOps Engineer
3 63 (12.75%) Linux Engineer
4 49 (9.92%) Administrator
5 40 (8.10%) Consultant
6 33 (6.68%) Linux Administrator
7 28 (5.67%) Technical Architect
8 27 (5.47%) Developer
9 26 (5.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 24 (4.86%) Linux Systems Administrator
11 23 (4.66%) Systems Administrator
12 18 (3.64%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 17 (3.44%) Analyst
13 17 (3.44%) Infrastructure Architect
14 16 (3.24%) AWS Engineer
15 13 (2.63%) Infrastructure Support
15 13 (2.63%) Linux Consultant
15 13 (2.63%) Linux DevOps Engineer
15 13 (2.63%) Unix Administrator
16 12 (2.43%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 41 (8.30%) Middleware
2 35 (7.09%) Web Services
3 27 (5.47%) Elastic Stack
3 27 (5.47%) Kafka
4 20 (4.05%) .NET
5 19 (3.85%) REST
6 17 (3.44%) Node.js
7 16 (3.24%) YAML
8 15 (3.04%) Spring
9 13 (2.63%) XML
10 12 (2.43%) Spring Boot
11 11 (2.23%) LDAP
11 11 (2.23%) Rendezvous
12 10 (2.02%) JSON
12 10 (2.02%) SOAP
12 10 (2.02%) WebSphere MQ
13 8 (1.62%) ActiveMQ
13 8 (1.62%) Apache Camel
13 8 (1.62%) LAMP
13 8 (1.62%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 55 (11.13%) Clustering
2 52 (10.53%) Data Centre
3 33 (6.68%) EMC VNX
4 29 (5.87%) Analytical Skills
5 18 (3.64%) Linux Command Line
6 17 (3.44%) Public Cloud
7 16 (3.24%) Management Information System
8 14 (2.83%) Private Cloud
9 13 (2.63%) Cloud Native
9 13 (2.63%) Replication
10 9 (1.82%) Self-Motivation
10 9 (1.82%) VxBlock/Vblock
11 8 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
11 8 (1.62%) PKI
12 7 (1.42%) Client/Server
12 7 (1.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 7 (1.42%) User Experience
12 7 (1.42%) Wiki
13 6 (1.21%) CMDB
13 6 (1.21%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 494 (100.00%) Linux
2 180 (36.44%) Windows
3 95 (19.23%) Unix
4 93 (18.83%) CentOS
5 85 (17.21%) Windows Server
6 45 (9.11%) Solaris
7 43 (8.70%) Windows Server 2012
8 34 (6.88%) Ubuntu
9 29 (5.87%) Windows 10
10 27 (5.47%) AIX
11 26 (5.26%) Windows Server 2016
12 22 (4.45%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 22 (4.45%) Windows XP
13 20 (4.05%) Windows Server 2008
14 19 (3.85%) SUSE
15 16 (3.24%) Windows Server 2019
16 13 (2.63%) VMS
17 10 (2.02%) Oracle Linux
18 9 (1.82%) HPUX
19 7 (1.42%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 178 (36.03%) DevOps
2 95 (19.23%) Agile Software Development
3 71 (14.37%) Configuration Management
4 65 (13.16%) Infrastructure as Code
5 64 (12.96%) Migration
6 58 (11.74%) ITIL
7 47 (9.51%) Continuous Integration
8 42 (8.50%) Scrum
8 42 (8.50%) Test Automation
9 41 (8.30%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 37 (7.49%) Cybersecurity
11 36 (7.29%) Deployment Automation
11 36 (7.29%) Disaster Recovery
12 33 (6.68%) High Availability
13 32 (6.48%) Kanban
14 31 (6.28%) Change Management
14 31 (6.28%) Microservices
15 30 (6.07%) Problem-Solving
16 29 (5.87%) Open Source
17 25 (5.06%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 181 (36.64%) Python
2 91 (18.42%) Bash Shell
3 78 (15.79%) Perl
4 74 (14.98%) PowerShell
5 73 (14.78%) Java
6 68 (13.77%) SQL
7 46 (9.31%) Shell Script
8 27 (5.47%) Ruby
9 25 (5.06%) Groovy
10 24 (4.86%) JavaScript
11 19 (3.85%) C
12 16 (3.24%) C++
13 12 (2.43%) Go
14 11 (2.23%) PL/SQL
15 9 (1.82%) C#
16 8 (1.62%) T-SQL
17 5 (1.01%) Rust
18 4 (0.81%) Clojure
18 4 (0.81%) ClojureScript
18 4 (0.81%) Scala
Qualifications
1 134 (27.13%) Security Cleared
2 99 (20.04%) SC Cleared
3 44 (8.91%) DV Cleared
4 24 (4.86%) Degree
5 10 (2.02%) RHCE
6 9 (1.82%) AWS Certification
6 9 (1.82%) RHCA
6 9 (1.82%) TOGAF Certification
7 8 (1.62%) CTC Cleared
8 7 (1.42%) CCNA
8 7 (1.42%) Cisco Certification
9 6 (1.21%) VCAP
9 6 (1.21%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 5 (1.01%) CCNP
10 5 (1.01%) RHCSA
11 4 (0.81%) OCP
11 4 (0.81%) Oracle Certification
12 3 (0.61%) BPSS Clearance
12 3 (0.61%) RHCVA
12 3 (0.61%) VCP6
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (1.21%) GDPR
2 5 (1.01%) SLA
3 4 (0.81%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 3 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.61%) QA
5 2 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.40%) OASIS TOSCA
5 2 (0.40%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.40%) SEPA
6 1 (0.20%) COBIT
6 1 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 1 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 1 (0.20%) NIST
6 1 (0.20%) PMO
6 1 (0.20%) WCAG
System Software
1 111 (22.47%) VMware Infrastructure
2 94 (19.03%) Docker
3 81 (16.40%) Active Directory
4 39 (7.89%) Virtual Machines
5 37 (7.49%) VMware ESXi
6 27 (5.47%) vSphere
7 16 (3.24%) NFS
8 14 (2.83%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 12 (2.43%) VMware NSX
10 11 (2.23%) iptables
11 10 (2.02%) GlusterFS
11 10 (2.02%) Hyper-V
12 7 (1.42%) Oracle RAC
13 6 (1.21%) Firmware
13 6 (1.21%) LXC
14 5 (1.01%) Veritas Volume Manager
14 5 (1.01%) VirtualBox
15 4 (0.81%) Gluster
15 4 (0.81%) GPFS
16 3 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 212 (42.91%) Ansible
2 92 (18.62%) Puppet
3 83 (16.80%) Terraform
4 76 (15.38%) Kubernetes
5 62 (12.55%) Opscode Chef
6 40 (8.10%) Grafana
7 29 (5.87%) Kibana
7 29 (5.87%) Salt
7 29 (5.87%) SCCM
8 28 (5.67%) Microsoft Intune
9 25 (5.06%) Microsoft Clustering
10 24 (4.86%) Prometheus
11 22 (4.45%) IBM BigFix
11 22 (4.45%) Red Hat Satellite
12 20 (4.05%) Packer
13 19 (3.85%) vRealize
14 10 (2.02%) PowerCLI
15 9 (1.82%) NetBackup
16 8 (1.62%) vRealize Orchestrator
17 7 (1.42%) Consul
Vendors
1 312 (63.16%) Red Hat
2 150 (30.36%) VMware
3 92 (18.62%) Oracle
4 58 (11.74%) Microsoft
5 48 (9.72%) EMC
6 40 (8.10%) Cisco
7 36 (7.29%) IBM
8 33 (6.68%) Veritas
9 31 (6.28%) Splunk
10 25 (5.06%) SaltStack
11 23 (4.66%) Atlassian
11 23 (4.66%) Citrix
12 18 (3.64%) HP
13 17 (3.44%) AppDynamics
14 16 (3.24%) ServiceNow
14 16 (3.24%) Symantec
15 14 (2.83%) Dell
15 14 (2.83%) NetApp
15 14 (2.83%) SAP
16 13 (2.63%) Remedy