Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 270 306 264
Rank change year-on-year +36 -42 -29
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 869 573 407
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.97% 0.86% 0.99%
As % of the Operating Systems category 6.53% 5.60% 4.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 601 348 281
10th Percentile £413 £350 £326
25th Percentile £475 £400 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% - -
75th Percentile £663 £571 £571
90th Percentile £700 £638 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 16 3
10th Percentile £21.48 £48.25 £42.28
25th Percentile £41.25 £50.75 £48.93
Median hourly rate £63.00 £62.25 £60.00
Median % change year-on-year +1.20% +3.75% +152.63%
75th Percentile £78.75 £66.25 £63.00
90th Percentile £80.25 £78.00 £64.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £75.00 £74.00 £53.35
% change year-on-year +1.35% +38.71% +80.33%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 13,306 10,240 8,153
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.86% 15.43% 19.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,137 6,711 5,327
10th Percentile £180 £185 £150
25th Percentile £350 £350 £300
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £458 £428
Median % change year-on-year +9.29% +6.89% -0.29%
75th Percentile £625 £556 £538
90th Percentile £700 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 567 518 529
10th Percentile £13.00 £12.00 £11.73
25th Percentile £16.24 £13.63 £14.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £17.50 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +28.57% -2.78% +4.35%
75th Percentile £52.50 £44.75 £25.45
90th Percentile £65.75 £60.50 £48.15
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £17.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +17.65% -2.86% +9.38%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the UK

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +31 721 £600 +20.00% 102
London +41 443 £608 +15.71% 30
Work from Home -4 389 £550 +15.79% 33
UK excluding London -6 287 £525 +10.53% 72
South East -14 99 £513 +7.89% 27
North of England +3 77 £600 +50.00% 18
Scotland -13 51 £500 +5.26% 5
North West +2 47 £625 +42.05% 10
Yorkshire +1 37 £450 +12.50% 4
Midlands -31 29 £600 +50.00% 8
South West -29 21 £525 +0.19% 10
West Midlands -34 19 £600 +45.45% 3
East of England -10 13 £500 +8.11% 4
North East +1 10 £675 +321.88% 4
East Midlands -13 10 £463 +15.63% 5
Wales -12 1 £450 -30.77%

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 868 (99.88%) Linux
2 451 (51.90%) Red Hat
3 408 (46.95%) Ansible
4 351 (40.39%) Windows
5 332 (38.20%) DevOps
6 286 (32.91%) Python
7 272 (31.30%) VMware
8 249 (28.65%) AWS
9 237 (27.27%) Terraform
10 230 (26.47%) Bash
11 224 (25.78%) VMware Infrastructure
12 223 (25.66%) CI/CD
13 213 (24.51%) Finance
14 202 (23.25%) Security Cleared
15 186 (21.40%) Jenkins
16 183 (21.06%) Azure
16 183 (21.06%) SQL
17 179 (20.60%) Docker
18 176 (20.25%) Kubernetes
19 173 (19.91%) Unix
20 159 (18.30%) Agile
21 157 (18.07%) SC Cleared
21 157 (18.07%) Social Skills
22 151 (17.38%) CentOS
23 150 (17.26%) Configuration Management
24 148 (17.03%) Oracle
25 146 (16.80%) Puppet
26 142 (16.34%) Windows Server
27 138 (15.88%) Git (software)
28 132 (15.19%) GitLab

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (5.64%) Apache
2 48 (5.52%) Confluence
3 43 (4.95%) WebSphere
4 39 (4.49%) nginx
5 37 (4.26%) Tomcat
6 31 (3.57%) Traefik
7 20 (2.30%) IBM HTTP Server
7 20 (2.30%) WebSphere Application Server
8 16 (1.84%) IIS
9 12 (1.38%) OpenStack
10 11 (1.27%) WebLogic
11 10 (1.15%) Apache Spark
12 8 (0.92%) Apache Pig
13 7 (0.81%) SharePoint
13 7 (0.81%) WordPress
14 5 (0.58%) JBoss
14 5 (0.58%) PowerExchange
15 4 (0.46%) Apache Solr
15 4 (0.46%) Drupal
15 4 (0.46%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 26 (2.99%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.12%) CATIA
2 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.12%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (0.81%) SAP S/4HANA
2 2 (0.23%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 2 (0.23%) RMDS
3 1 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
Cloud Services
1 249 (28.65%) AWS
2 183 (21.06%) Azure
3 82 (9.44%) Amazon EC2
4 76 (8.75%) AWS CloudFormation
5 68 (7.83%) GCP
6 67 (7.71%) GitHub
7 57 (6.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 48 (5.52%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 43 (4.95%) Amazon S3
10 37 (4.26%) OpenShift
11 29 (3.34%) PaaS
11 29 (3.34%) Serverless
12 24 (2.76%) Azure AKS
13 23 (2.65%) Azure Active Directory
13 23 (2.65%) Azure DevOps
14 22 (2.53%) Route 53
15 20 (2.30%) Microsoft 365
16 19 (2.19%) SaaS
17 17 (1.96%) Amazon ECS
17 17 (1.96%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 131 (15.07%) DNS
2 107 (12.31%) Firewall
3 74 (8.52%) TCP/IP
4 63 (7.25%) SAN
5 35 (4.03%) HTTP
6 34 (3.91%) SSH
7 33 (3.80%) VPN
8 32 (3.68%) DHCP
8 32 (3.68%) NAS
9 28 (3.22%) SSL
10 26 (2.99%) LAN
10 26 (2.99%) WAN
11 23 (2.65%) Kerberos
12 19 (2.19%) Multicast
13 14 (1.61%) IPsec
14 13 (1.50%) Internet
15 12 (1.38%) Network Security
16 11 (1.27%) iSCSI
16 11 (1.27%) Wireless
17 10 (1.15%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (9.32%) SQL Server
2 46 (5.29%) DB2
3 44 (5.06%) MySQL
4 36 (4.14%) Data Warehouse
5 34 (3.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 33 (3.80%) Oracle Database
7 31 (3.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 26 (2.99%) Relational Database
9 21 (2.42%) Elasticsearch
10 19 (2.19%) MongoDB
11 18 (2.07%) Amazon RDS
12 17 (1.96%) Oracle Database 11g
12 17 (1.96%) PostgreSQL
13 16 (1.84%) Oracle Database 12c
14 11 (1.27%) Oracle Database 10g
14 11 (1.27%) Oracle Exadata
14 11 (1.27%) SAP HANA
15 9 (1.04%) Apache Cassandra
15 9 (1.04%) Big Data
15 9 (1.04%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 186 (21.40%) Jenkins
2 138 (15.88%) Git (software)
3 132 (15.19%) GitLab
4 92 (10.59%) JIRA
5 34 (3.91%) Artifactory
6 33 (3.80%) Bitbucket
7 21 (2.42%) Eclipse
8 18 (2.07%) SonarQube
9 15 (1.73%) TeamCity
10 13 (1.50%) Sonatype Nexus
10 13 (1.50%) Subversion
11 10 (1.15%) Oracle APEX
12 9 (1.04%) IBM UrbanCode
12 9 (1.04%) Team Foundation Server
13 8 (0.92%) Maven
14 7 (0.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 5 (0.58%) Cucumber
15 5 (0.58%) Gerrit
15 5 (0.58%) Selenium
16 4 (0.46%) Robot Framework
General
1 213 (24.51%) Finance
2 157 (18.07%) Social Skills
3 97 (11.16%) Banking
4 92 (10.59%) Analytical Skills
5 64 (7.36%) Public Sector
6 25 (2.88%) Back Office
7 16 (1.84%) Investment Banking
8 15 (1.73%) Telecoms
9 14 (1.61%) Influencing Skills
10 12 (1.38%) Organisational Skills
11 11 (1.27%) International Banking
11 11 (1.27%) Retail
12 10 (1.15%) Financial Institution
12 10 (1.15%) Front Office
13 9 (1.04%) Documentation Skills
14 7 (0.81%) Manufacturing
15 5 (0.58%) Electronics
15 5 (0.58%) French Language
15 5 (0.58%) Marketing
16 4 (0.46%) Law
Job Titles
1 172 (19.79%) DevOps Engineer
2 105 (12.08%) Linux Engineer
3 82 (9.44%) Architect
4 77 (8.86%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 56 (6.44%) Administrator
6 48 (5.52%) Platform Engineer
7 47 (5.41%) AWS Engineer
8 46 (5.29%) Consultant
9 43 (4.95%) Infrastructure Architect
10 42 (4.83%) Analyst
11 36 (4.14%) Linux Administrator
12 35 (4.03%) Developer
13 34 (3.91%) AWS DevOps
14 33 (3.80%) Systems Administrator
15 32 (3.68%) Applications Support
16 30 (3.45%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 30 (3.45%) Support Analyst
17 28 (3.22%) Applications Support Analyst
18 27 (3.11%) Linux Systems Administrator
19 23 (2.65%) DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (4.60%) cloud-init
1 40 (4.60%) Kafka
2 36 (4.14%) Middleware
3 34 (3.91%) LDAP
4 32 (3.68%) RESTful
5 31 (3.57%) .NET
6 23 (2.65%) REST
7 22 (2.53%) WebSphere MQ
8 21 (2.42%) Elastic Stack
9 18 (2.07%) Rendezvous
10 17 (1.96%) FIX Protocol
10 17 (1.96%) Spring
11 16 (1.84%) LAMP
12 15 (1.73%) Node.js
13 13 (1.50%) Spring Boot
14 9 (1.04%) Software Packaging
14 9 (1.04%) Web Services
15 8 (0.92%) JDBC
16 7 (0.81%) ODBC
16 7 (0.81%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 112 (12.89%) Clustering
2 81 (9.32%) Data Centre
3 64 (7.36%) PKI
4 55 (6.33%) Replication
5 38 (4.37%) Public Cloud
6 34 (3.91%) Management Information System
7 31 (3.57%) Self-Motivation
8 30 (3.45%) Private Cloud
9 29 (3.34%) Linux Command Line
10 23 (2.65%) Analytical Mindset
10 23 (2.65%) Cloud Native
11 17 (1.96%) Enterprise Software
11 17 (1.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 16 (1.84%) SWIFT
13 13 (1.50%) Data Protection Act
14 11 (1.27%) Virtual Team
15 8 (0.92%) CCTV
15 8 (0.92%) Enterprise Storage
15 8 (0.92%) Equity Risk
16 7 (0.81%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 868 (99.88%) Linux
2 351 (40.39%) Windows
3 173 (19.91%) Unix
4 151 (17.38%) CentOS
5 142 (16.34%) Windows Server
6 72 (8.29%) Ubuntu
7 69 (7.94%) Solaris
8 49 (5.64%) Windows Server 2019
9 30 (3.45%) AIX
10 29 (3.34%) Windows Server 2012
10 29 (3.34%) Windows Server 2016
11 28 (3.22%) SUSE
12 27 (3.11%) Windows 10
13 24 (2.76%) Oracle Linux
14 22 (2.53%) Debian
14 22 (2.53%) HPUX
15 20 (2.30%) VMS
16 15 (1.73%) Windows Server 2008
17 13 (1.50%) Windows 7
18 6 (0.69%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 332 (38.20%) DevOps
2 223 (25.66%) CI/CD
3 159 (18.30%) Agile
4 150 (17.26%) Configuration Management
5 117 (13.46%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 112 (12.89%) Continuous Integration
6 112 (12.89%) Problem-Solving
7 96 (11.05%) Load Balancing
8 91 (10.47%) Migration
9 90 (10.36%) ITIL
10 88 (10.13%) Microservices
11 80 (9.21%) Infrastructure as Code
12 68 (7.83%) Task Automation
13 62 (7.13%) Platform Engineering
14 58 (6.67%) Change Management
15 53 (6.10%) Disaster Recovery
16 52 (5.98%) Scrum
17 51 (5.87%) High Availability
18 49 (5.64%) Deployment Automation
19 48 (5.52%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 286 (32.91%) Python
2 230 (26.47%) Bash
3 183 (21.06%) SQL
4 99 (11.39%) Shell Script
5 96 (11.05%) PowerShell
6 88 (10.13%) Perl
7 75 (8.63%) Java
8 68 (7.83%) Ruby
9 60 (6.90%) Go
10 45 (5.18%) JavaScript
11 31 (3.57%) Groovy
12 27 (3.11%) PHP
13 24 (2.76%) C
14 21 (2.42%) Korn
15 19 (2.19%) C#
16 14 (1.61%) T-SQL
17 12 (1.38%) PL/SQL
18 10 (1.15%) TypeScript
19 6 (0.69%) C++
19 6 (0.69%) C-shell
Qualifications
1 202 (23.25%) Security Cleared
2 157 (18.07%) SC Cleared
3 49 (5.64%) DV Cleared
4 35 (4.03%) Degree
5 27 (3.11%) BPSS Clearance
6 20 (2.30%) RHCE
7 16 (1.84%) TOGAF Certification
8 14 (1.61%) Master's Degree
8 14 (1.61%) RHCSA
9 13 (1.50%) RHCA
10 9 (1.04%) AWS Certification
11 8 (0.92%) Microsoft Certification
12 7 (0.81%) Computer Science Degree
12 7 (0.81%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 6 (0.69%) Cisco Certification
14 5 (0.58%) CCNA
15 4 (0.46%) OCP
15 4 (0.46%) Oracle Certification
16 3 (0.35%) LPIC
16 3 (0.35%) RHCT
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (4.49%) NCSC
2 23 (2.65%) QA
3 12 (1.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 12 (1.38%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 11 (1.27%) SLA
5 10 (1.15%) GDPR
6 7 (0.81%) Disclosure Scotland
7 4 (0.46%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.23%) NIST
9 1 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 1 (0.12%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 224 (25.78%) VMware Infrastructure
2 179 (20.60%) Docker
3 78 (8.98%) Active Directory
4 64 (7.36%) vSphere
5 56 (6.44%) VMware ESXi
6 42 (4.83%) Hyper-V
7 26 (2.99%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 25 (2.88%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 23 (2.65%) Oracle RAC
9 23 (2.65%) Virtual Machines
10 17 (1.96%) VMware NSX
11 16 (1.84%) NFS
12 12 (1.38%) Virtual Servers
13 7 (0.81%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 6 (0.69%) KVM
14 6 (0.69%) Virtual Desktop
15 5 (0.58%) Microsoft App-V
15 5 (0.58%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 5 (0.58%) Samba
15 5 (0.58%) Xen
Systems Management
1 408 (46.95%) Ansible
2 237 (27.27%) Terraform
3 176 (20.25%) Kubernetes
4 146 (16.80%) Puppet
5 76 (8.75%) Prometheus
6 71 (8.17%) Packer
7 58 (6.67%) Grafana
8 50 (5.75%) ZABBIX
9 46 (5.29%) Consul
10 41 (4.72%) Red Hat Satellite
11 40 (4.60%) Istio
12 39 (4.49%) Graphite
13 35 (4.03%) Docker Swarm
14 34 (3.91%) HAProxy
14 34 (3.91%) Opscode Chef
15 32 (3.68%) Podman
16 30 (3.45%) linkerd
17 23 (2.65%) Single Sign-On
18 22 (2.53%) Kibana
19 20 (2.30%) vRealize
Vendors
1 451 (51.90%) Red Hat
2 272 (31.30%) VMware
3 148 (17.03%) Oracle
4 122 (14.04%) Microsoft
5 106 (12.20%) Splunk
6 94 (10.82%) IBM
7 75 (8.63%) Cisco
8 70 (8.06%) Citrix
9 42 (4.83%) ServiceNow
10 39 (4.49%) Veritas
11 38 (4.37%) NetApp
11 38 (4.37%) PagerDuty
12 33 (3.80%) HP
12 33 (3.80%) Sybase
13 23 (2.65%) SAP
14 20 (2.30%) CheckPoint
15 19 (2.19%) CyberArk
16 18 (2.07%) Dell
16 18 (2.07%) Juniper
16 18 (2.07%) TIBCO