Period
to 26 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 26 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
26 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 487 552 580
Rank change year-on-year +65 +28 -108
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 243 345 315
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.36% 0.35% 0.31%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.74% 1.67% 1.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 168 200 217
UK median daily rate £500 £469 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.61% -6.20% +5.26%
10th Percentile £373 £274 £340
90th Percentile £600 £575 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £480 £403 £450
% change year-on-year +19.25% -10.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 5 6
UK median hourly rate £19.63 £50.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -60.75% +177.78% +7.46%
10th Percentile £16.41 £16.04 £16.75
90th Percentile £25.36 £132.50 £60.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.75 £33.43 £18.00
% change year-on-year -49.90% +85.72% +2.86%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 13,981 20,609 20,849
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.56% 20.79% 20.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,590 12,900 13,374
UK median daily rate £410 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.53% - +3.66%
10th Percentile £136 £158 £170
90th Percentile £600 £605 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £400 £390
% change year-on-year -3.13% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,112 1,306 1,252
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.00 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.94% - +3.03%
10th Percentile £11.75 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.00 £16.00 £15.86
% change year-on-year +6.25% +0.88% +0.03%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 26 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 26 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +83 229 £500 +7.76% 132
London +100 130 £500 -3.38% 43
UK excluding London +73 108 £480 +19.25% 99
South East +46 35 £475 +18.31% 34
North of England +68 20 £550 +46.67% 17
South West +12 17 £525 +3.70% 14
North West +45 15 £550 +100.00% 6
East of England +33 14 £480 +159.46% 13
Midlands +49 13 £413 +12.70% 10
West Midlands +51 10 £438 -7.01% 9
Scotland +16 7 £400 -21.95% 7
Yorkshire +43 4 £550 +46.67% 6
East Midlands - 3 £400 - 1
Wales +32 2 £500 - 3
North East +20 1 £450 +12.50% 5

For the 6 months to 26 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 243 (100.00%) Linux
2 116 (47.74%) DevOps
3 111 (45.68%) Ansible
3 111 (45.68%) Security Cleared
4 105 (43.21%) Python
5 103 (42.39%) Windows
6 92 (37.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 91 (37.45%) Puppet
8 82 (33.74%) CentOS
9 81 (33.33%) Agile Software Development
10 80 (32.92%) SC Cleared
11 79 (32.51%) Java
12 77 (31.69%) Docker
13 75 (30.86%) Jenkins
14 74 (30.45%) AWS
15 73 (30.04%) Configuration Management
16 72 (29.63%) Azure
16 72 (29.63%) Terraform
17 68 (27.98%) Bash Shell
18 66 (27.16%) Git (software)
19 54 (22.22%) Red Hat
20 50 (20.58%) VMware
20 50 (20.58%) Windows Server
21 48 (19.75%) Open Source
22 46 (18.93%) Test Automation
23 40 (16.46%) VMware Infrastructure
23 40 (16.46%) Public Sector
24 39 (16.05%) Continuous Integration
24 39 (16.05%) OpenStack
24 39 (16.05%) Migration

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (16.05%) OpenStack
2 35 (14.40%) Tomcat
3 20 (8.23%) Apache
4 19 (7.82%) nginx
5 18 (7.41%) Confluence
6 11 (4.53%) WebLogic
7 8 (3.29%) Apache Spark
8 7 (2.88%) JBoss
9 6 (2.47%) IIS
9 6 (2.47%) Red Hat Fuse
10 5 (2.06%) Elasticsearch
11 3 (1.23%) WordPress
12 2 (0.82%) Cloud Foundry
12 2 (0.82%) CMS
12 2 (0.82%) Drupal
13 1 (0.41%) Apache Pig
13 1 (0.41%) Apache Solr
13 1 (0.41%) Jetty
13 1 (0.41%) MQSeries
13 1 (0.41%) Oracle Self-Service HR
Applications
1 1 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 5 (2.06%) Oracle Cash Management
2 2 (0.82%) assyst
2 2 (0.82%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.41%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 74 (30.45%) AWS
2 72 (29.63%) Azure
3 21 (8.64%) Amazon EC2
3 21 (8.64%) GCP
4 15 (6.17%) GitHub
5 13 (5.35%) AWS CloudFormation
6 10 (4.12%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 9 (3.70%) Amazon S3
7 9 (3.70%) SaaS
8 8 (3.29%) Google Analytics
9 7 (2.88%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 7 (2.88%) IaaS
9 7 (2.88%) PaaS
10 6 (2.47%) Amazon Kinesis
11 5 (2.06%) AWS Lambda
11 5 (2.06%) Datadog
11 5 (2.06%) OpenShift
11 5 (2.06%) Serverless
12 4 (1.65%) CloudFront
12 4 (1.65%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 26 (10.70%) Firewall
2 23 (9.47%) TCP/IP
3 22 (9.05%) DNS
4 18 (7.41%) VPN
5 15 (6.17%) HTTP
6 10 (4.12%) DHCP
7 9 (3.70%) SSH
8 7 (2.88%) SAN
9 6 (2.47%) IPsec
9 6 (2.47%) Junos
9 6 (2.47%) SSL
10 5 (2.06%) Internet
10 5 (2.06%) VXLAN
11 3 (1.23%) SNMP
11 3 (1.23%) Wireshark
12 2 (0.82%) BIG-IP
12 2 (0.82%) DMZ
12 2 (0.82%) HTTPS
12 2 (0.82%) NetScaler
13 1 (0.41%) Spanning Tree
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (9.47%) PostgreSQL
2 21 (8.64%) Amazon RDS
2 21 (8.64%) MongoDB
2 21 (8.64%) MySQL
3 18 (7.41%) NoSQL
4 16 (6.58%) Hadoop
5 12 (4.94%) Big Data
6 11 (4.53%) Oracle Database
7 9 (3.70%) Cloudera CDH
8 7 (2.88%) Apache Hive
9 6 (2.47%) Flink
9 6 (2.47%) Neo4j
9 6 (2.47%) Oracle Database 12c
9 6 (2.47%) Oracle Exadata
10 3 (1.23%) Redis
11 2 (0.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 2 (0.82%) Couchbase
11 2 (0.82%) Data Warehouse
11 2 (0.82%) Hazelcast
11 2 (0.82%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 75 (30.86%) Jenkins
2 66 (27.16%) Git (software)
3 24 (9.88%) SonarQube
4 23 (9.47%) JIRA
5 22 (9.05%) Maven
6 21 (8.64%) Subversion
7 20 (8.23%) GitLab
8 18 (7.41%) Mercurial
9 17 (7.00%) FindBugs
9 17 (7.00%) Log4j
10 15 (6.17%) Bitbucket
10 15 (6.17%) Cucumber
10 15 (6.17%) Selenium
11 9 (3.70%) Ant
11 9 (3.70%) gulp
11 9 (3.70%) IntelliJ
12 8 (3.29%) Gatling
12 8 (3.29%) Grunt
12 8 (3.29%) Karma Test Runner
12 8 (3.29%) Vagrant
General
1 40 (16.46%) Public Sector
2 17 (7.00%) Finance
3 5 (2.06%) Retail
3 5 (2.06%) Telecoms
4 3 (1.23%) Banking
5 2 (0.82%) Automotive
6 1 (0.41%) Electronics
6 1 (0.41%) Games
6 1 (0.41%) Legal
6 1 (0.41%) Local Government
6 1 (0.41%) Manufacturing
6 1 (0.41%) Marketing
6 1 (0.41%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 76 (31.28%) DevOps Engineer
2 31 (12.76%) Developer
3 30 (12.35%) Linux Engineer
4 22 (9.05%) Senior DevOps
5 20 (8.23%) Administrator
6 18 (7.41%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 15 (6.17%) Architect
8 14 (5.76%) Linux/Unix DevOps
8 14 (5.76%) Platform Engineer
8 14 (5.76%) Software Developer
8 14 (5.76%) Software Engineer
9 13 (5.35%) Systems Engineer
10 12 (4.94%) Java Developer
10 12 (4.94%) Systems Administrator
11 11 (4.53%) AWS Engineer
11 11 (4.53%) Linux Systems Engineer
12 10 (4.12%) Consultant
12 10 (4.12%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 10 (4.12%) Linux DevOps Engineer
13 9 (3.70%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 31 (12.76%) RabbitMQ
2 30 (12.35%) Spring
3 22 (9.05%) Elastic Stack
4 21 (8.64%) .NET
5 14 (5.76%) AngularJS
5 14 (5.76%) Node.js
5 14 (5.76%) RESTful
6 13 (5.35%) CSS
6 13 (5.35%) JSON
6 13 (5.35%) LAMP
6 13 (5.35%) REST
6 13 (5.35%) XML
7 11 (4.53%) HTML
7 11 (4.53%) jQuery
7 11 (4.53%) LDAP
8 10 (4.12%) Web Services
9 9 (3.70%) Spring Boot
10 8 (3.29%) Gherkin
10 8 (3.29%) HTML5
10 8 (3.29%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 26 (10.70%) Analytical Skills
2 19 (7.82%) Public Cloud
3 17 (7.00%) Data Centre
4 15 (6.17%) Linux Command Line
5 7 (2.88%) Private Cloud
6 6 (2.47%) Replication
7 5 (2.06%) Self-Motivation
8 4 (1.65%) NHS
9 3 (1.23%) User Experience
10 2 (0.82%) Clustering
10 2 (0.82%) Enterprise Storage
10 2 (0.82%) Hybrid Cloud
10 2 (0.82%) PKI
10 2 (0.82%) Smartphone
11 1 (0.41%) Algorithms
11 1 (0.41%) Data Structures
11 1 (0.41%) Derivative
11 1 (0.41%) Embedded Systems
11 1 (0.41%) Eurex
11 1 (0.41%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 243 (100.00%) Linux
2 103 (42.39%) Windows
3 92 (37.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 82 (33.74%) CentOS
5 50 (20.58%) Windows Server
6 33 (13.58%) Unix
7 32 (13.17%) Debian
8 9 (3.70%) Oracle Linux
9 7 (2.88%) Solaris
10 6 (2.47%) Windows Server 2008
11 5 (2.06%) Windows Server 2012
12 4 (1.65%) DC/OS
12 4 (1.65%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 4 (1.65%) VMS
13 2 (0.82%) Fedora
13 2 (0.82%) SUSE
14 1 (0.41%) Android
14 1 (0.41%) Apple iOS
14 1 (0.41%) CoreOS
14 1 (0.41%) VyOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 116 (47.74%) DevOps
2 81 (33.33%) Agile Software Development
3 73 (30.04%) Configuration Management
4 48 (19.75%) Open Source
5 46 (18.93%) Test Automation
6 39 (16.05%) Continuous Integration
6 39 (16.05%) Migration
7 30 (12.35%) Microservices
8 27 (11.11%) Project Delivery
9 24 (9.88%) Software Engineering
10 21 (8.64%) Infrastructure as Code
10 21 (8.64%) System Testing
11 18 (7.41%) Problem-Solving
12 16 (6.58%) Analytics
13 15 (6.17%) Server Management
13 15 (6.17%) Waterfall
14 14 (5.76%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 14 (5.76%) Scrum
15 13 (5.35%) Continuous Improvement
15 13 (5.35%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 105 (43.21%) Python
2 79 (32.51%) Java
3 68 (27.98%) Bash Shell
4 39 (16.05%) PHP
5 35 (14.40%) SQL
6 34 (13.99%) PowerShell
7 31 (12.76%) Ruby
8 30 (12.35%) Perl
9 25 (10.29%) C++
10 21 (8.64%) JavaScript
11 13 (5.35%) Scala
12 12 (4.94%) C#
13 11 (4.53%) Go
14 10 (4.12%) Groovy
15 8 (3.29%) Haskell
16 6 (2.47%) Kotlin
16 6 (2.47%) Shell Script
17 5 (2.06%) C
18 4 (1.65%) ES6
19 3 (1.23%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 111 (45.68%) Security Cleared
2 80 (32.92%) SC Cleared
3 25 (10.29%) DV Cleared
4 4 (1.65%) AWS Certification
5 3 (1.23%) Degree
6 2 (0.82%) CCNA
6 2 (0.82%) Cisco Certification
6 2 (0.82%) CISSP
6 2 (0.82%) CompTIA Security+
6 2 (0.82%) GIAC
6 2 (0.82%) Linux+ Certification
6 2 (0.82%) MCSE
6 2 (0.82%) Microsoft Certification
6 2 (0.82%) Network+ Certification
6 2 (0.82%) SANS
6 2 (0.82%) SSCP
7 1 (0.41%) CEH
7 1 (0.41%) PhD
7 1 (0.41%) RHCE
7 1 (0.41%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (6.17%) QA
2 6 (2.47%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 3 (1.23%) Government Security Classifications
3 3 (1.23%) NCSC
4 2 (0.82%) PMO
5 1 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 77 (31.69%) Docker
2 40 (16.46%) VMware Infrastructure
3 23 (9.47%) Hyper-V
4 19 (7.82%) Virtual Machines
5 14 (5.76%) KVM
6 13 (5.35%) Active Directory
7 8 (3.29%) NFS
8 7 (2.88%) HDFS
8 7 (2.88%) VMware ESXi
9 6 (2.47%) Oracle RAC
10 5 (2.06%) VirtualBox
10 5 (2.06%) VMware NSX
10 5 (2.06%) Xen
11 4 (1.65%) iptables
12 3 (1.23%) Firmware
12 3 (1.23%) Samba
13 2 (0.82%) LXC
14 1 (0.41%) Apache Flume
14 1 (0.41%) Postfix
14 1 (0.41%) Sendmail
Systems Management
1 111 (45.68%) Ansible
2 91 (37.45%) Puppet
3 72 (29.63%) Terraform
4 38 (15.64%) Kubernetes
5 33 (13.58%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (10.70%) Consul
6 26 (10.70%) Nagios
7 25 (10.29%) Grafana
8 19 (7.82%) Prometheus
9 17 (7.00%) Docker Swarm
10 12 (4.94%) Host Intrusion Detection System
10 12 (4.94%) Network Intrusion Detection System
10 12 (4.94%) ZABBIX
11 11 (4.53%) Packer
12 9 (3.70%) Kibana
13 7 (2.88%) Cobbler
13 7 (2.88%) Hadoop YARN
13 7 (2.88%) vCenter Server
14 6 (2.47%) HAProxy
14 6 (2.47%) Icinga
Vendors
1 54 (22.22%) Red Hat
2 50 (20.58%) VMware
3 34 (13.99%) Microsoft
4 22 (9.05%) Google
5 20 (8.23%) Oracle
6 16 (6.58%) F5
7 12 (4.94%) Cloudera
7 12 (4.94%) Splunk
8 10 (4.12%) HP
9 7 (2.88%) IBM
9 7 (2.88%) Juniper
9 7 (2.88%) NetApp
10 6 (2.47%) Mirantis
10 6 (2.47%) SolarWinds
11 5 (2.06%) AppDynamics
11 5 (2.06%) Micro Focus
11 5 (2.06%) New Relic
12 4 (1.65%) Hortonworks
13 3 (1.23%) Sophos
13 3 (1.23%) Veeam