Period
to 20 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 20 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
20 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 561 473 527
Rank change year-on-year -88 +54 -54
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 320 418 380
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.32% 0.44% 0.35%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.52% 2.09% 1.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 223 296 298
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.16% +8.57% +2.94%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £310
90th Percentile £625 £613 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £409
% change year-on-year - +10.02% +25.85%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 6 10
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £16.75 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.46% -56.49% +54.00%
10th Percentile £16.80 £14.13 £17.48
90th Percentile £63.50 £18.88 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.86% -53.33% -

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 20,984 19,980 22,913
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.66% 20.97% 21.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,426 12,605 13,688
UK median daily rate £425 £410 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £170 £193 £188
90th Percentile £613 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £394 £375 £365
% change year-on-year +5.07% +2.74% +4.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,279 1,276 1,715
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £16.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.03% - +3.13%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £46.00 £46.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £15.93 £16.50
% change year-on-year +0.44% -3.45% +4.90%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 20 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 20 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 20 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -117 305 £500 +5.26% 143
London -74 180 £513 +7.89% 53
UK excluding London -56 133 £450 - 92
South East -29 60 £475 - 28
East of England -10 26 £400 -8.57% 17
North of England +3 18 £425 - 18
North West +10 15 £425 +6.25% 12
South West +14 14 £408 -16.41% 11
Scotland -8 7 £370 -17.78% 1
Midlands -16 6 £475 +18.75% 16
West Midlands -3 4 £600 +60.00% 6
East Midlands -6 2 £475 -13.64% 10
Wales -8 2 £393 -4.85% 1
Yorkshire -32 2 £450 +2.86% 4
North East +50 1 £325 +109.68% 2

For the 6 months to 20 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 320 (100.00%) Linux
2 164 (51.25%) DevOps
3 146 (45.63%) CentOS
4 143 (44.69%) Python
5 127 (39.69%) Agile Software Development
6 121 (37.81%) Red Hat
7 111 (34.69%) Jenkins
8 106 (33.13%) Bash Shell
9 103 (32.19%) Git (software)
9 103 (32.19%) Amazon AWS
9 103 (32.19%) Ansible
10 101 (31.56%) Docker
11 90 (28.13%) Puppet
12 89 (27.81%) MongoDB
13 82 (25.63%) MySQL
14 77 (24.06%) Windows
15 71 (22.19%) Java
15 71 (22.19%) VMware
16 68 (21.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 64 (20.00%) nginx
18 60 (18.75%) Continuous Integration
19 59 (18.44%) Configuration Management
20 57 (17.81%) SQL
21 54 (16.88%) Apache
21 54 (16.88%) Ruby
22 49 (15.31%) Debian
23 48 (15.00%) Scrum
24 43 (13.44%) Tomcat
24 43 (13.44%) Open Source
25 41 (12.81%) JavaScript

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (20.00%) nginx
2 54 (16.88%) Apache
3 43 (13.44%) Tomcat
4 17 (5.31%) Elasticsearch
5 16 (5.00%) OpenStack
6 12 (3.75%) Apache Spark
7 9 (2.81%) Confluence
7 9 (2.81%) JBoss
7 9 (2.81%) Jetty
8 6 (1.88%) WildFly
9 5 (1.56%) Apache Solr
9 5 (1.56%) IIS
9 5 (1.56%) Mule ESB
9 5 (1.56%) WebLogic
10 4 (1.25%) SAS
11 3 (0.94%) Apache Pig
12 2 (0.63%) uWSGI
13 1 (0.31%) Apache Airflow
13 1 (0.31%) Mongrel
13 1 (0.31%) WebSphere
Applications
1 3 (0.94%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.63%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 103 (32.19%) Amazon AWS
2 28 (8.75%) Microsoft Azure
3 21 (6.56%) GitHub
4 19 (5.94%) Amazon EC2
5 15 (4.69%) AWS CloudFormation
6 12 (3.75%) Amazon S3
6 12 (3.75%) IaaS
7 10 (3.13%) Google Analytics
7 10 (3.13%) Route 53
8 8 (2.50%) Google Cloud Platform
9 7 (2.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 7 (2.19%) Amazon ELB
9 7 (2.19%) Amazon SQS
9 7 (2.19%) PaaS
10 6 (1.88%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 4 (1.25%) Azure Active Directory
12 3 (0.94%) AWS CloudTrail
12 3 (0.94%) AWS Lambda
12 3 (0.94%) AWS OpsWorks
12 3 (0.94%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 36 (11.25%) HTTP
2 31 (9.69%) Firewall
3 30 (9.38%) TCP/IP
4 23 (7.19%) DNS
5 22 (6.88%) SSL
6 18 (5.63%) VPN
7 12 (3.75%) SSH
8 10 (3.13%) Reverse Proxy
9 9 (2.81%) SAN
10 8 (2.50%) NAS
10 8 (2.50%) Network Security
11 7 (2.19%) HTTPS
11 7 (2.19%) SMS
11 7 (2.19%) VLAN
12 6 (1.88%) DHCP
13 5 (1.56%) Fibre Channel
13 5 (1.56%) LAN
14 4 (1.25%) Asterisk PBX
14 4 (1.25%) Cisco IOS
14 4 (1.25%) Junos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 89 (27.81%) MongoDB
2 82 (25.63%) MySQL
3 33 (10.31%) PostgreSQL
4 28 (8.75%) NoSQL
5 27 (8.44%) Big Data
6 24 (7.50%) Hadoop
7 20 (6.25%) SQL Server
8 13 (4.06%) Redis
9 7 (2.19%) Apache Hive
9 7 (2.19%) HBase
10 6 (1.88%) Amazon RDS
10 6 (1.88%) MariaDB
10 6 (1.88%) Relational Database
11 4 (1.25%) Amazon Redshift
11 4 (1.25%) Apache Cassandra
11 4 (1.25%) SQLPlus
11 4 (1.25%) Sqoop
12 3 (0.94%) Azure SQL Database
12 3 (0.94%) Hazelcast
12 3 (0.94%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 111 (34.69%) Jenkins
2 103 (32.19%) Git (software)
3 24 (7.50%) Maven
4 22 (6.88%) JIRA
5 20 (6.25%) Vagrant
6 15 (4.69%) Cucumber
6 15 (4.69%) Selenium
7 14 (4.38%) Ant
8 13 (4.06%) IntelliJ
8 13 (4.06%) Subversion
9 12 (3.75%) Gatling
10 11 (3.44%) Eclipse
10 11 (3.44%) TeamCity
11 10 (3.13%) GitLab
11 10 (3.13%) Grunt
11 10 (3.13%) gulp
11 10 (3.13%) Karma Test Runner
11 10 (3.13%) Sublime Text
12 9 (2.81%) JUnit
13 7 (2.19%) Gerrit
General
1 18 (5.63%) Finance
2 7 (2.19%) Telecoms
3 5 (1.56%) Manufacturing
4 4 (1.25%) Banking
4 4 (1.25%) Marketing
5 3 (0.94%) Investment Banking
5 3 (0.94%) Legal
5 3 (0.94%) Retail
6 2 (0.63%) Electronics
7 1 (0.31%) Advertising
7 1 (0.31%) Billing
7 1 (0.31%) Digital Economy
7 1 (0.31%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.31%) Games
7 1 (0.31%) Law
Job Titles
1 117 (36.56%) DevOps Engineer
2 54 (16.88%) Linux Engineer
3 51 (15.94%) Developer
4 41 (12.81%) Administrator
5 38 (11.88%) Linux/Unix DevOps
6 28 (8.75%) Linux DevOps Engineer
7 26 (8.13%) AWS Engineer
8 24 (7.50%) Systems Administrator
9 23 (7.19%) AWS DevOps
10 20 (6.25%) DBA
10 20 (6.25%) Java Developer
10 20 (6.25%) MongoDB DBA
11 19 (5.94%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 19 (5.94%) Senior DevOps
12 18 (5.63%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 17 (5.31%) Linux Systems Administrator
14 16 (5.00%) Linux Administrator
15 15 (4.69%) Senior DevOps Engineer
16 13 (4.06%) SQL DBA
16 13 (4.06%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (10.94%) Node.js
2 34 (10.63%) Web Services
3 27 (8.44%) LEMP Stack
4 26 (8.13%) ActiveMQ
4 26 (8.13%) HTML
5 24 (7.50%) AngularJS
5 24 (7.50%) Elastic Stack
5 24 (7.50%) LDAP
6 22 (6.88%) LAMP
7 20 (6.25%) CSS
7 20 (6.25%) REST
8 18 (5.63%) jQuery
8 18 (5.63%) Spring
9 15 (4.69%) XML
10 14 (4.38%) HTML5
10 14 (4.38%) RabbitMQ
11 13 (4.06%) J2EE
11 13 (4.06%) Servlets
12 12 (3.75%) Gherkin
12 12 (3.75%) React
Miscellaneous
1 30 (9.38%) Replication
2 26 (8.13%) Device Driver
3 21 (6.56%) Linux Command Line
4 17 (5.31%) Clustering
5 16 (5.00%) Data Centre
6 9 (2.81%) Greenfield Project
7 7 (2.19%) Analytical Skills
8 5 (1.56%) Algorithms
8 5 (1.56%) Computer Science
9 4 (1.25%) CMDB
9 4 (1.25%) Enterprise Storage
9 4 (1.25%) STB
10 3 (0.94%) Digital Media
10 3 (0.94%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
10 3 (0.94%) Life Science
10 3 (0.94%) Public Cloud
10 3 (0.94%) User Experience
11 2 (0.63%) Data Structures
11 2 (0.63%) Embedded Systems
11 2 (0.63%) Spread Betting
Operating Systems
1 320 (100.00%) Linux
2 146 (45.63%) CentOS
3 77 (24.06%) Windows
4 68 (21.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 49 (15.31%) Debian
6 39 (12.19%) Unix
7 25 (7.81%) Windows Server
8 12 (3.75%) Windows Server 2012
9 9 (2.81%) SUSE
10 8 (2.50%) Solaris
10 8 (2.50%) Windows Server 2008
11 7 (2.19%) AIX
11 7 (2.19%) CoreOS
12 6 (1.88%) Fedora
13 5 (1.56%) Mac OS
13 5 (1.56%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 5 (1.56%) Windows 10
14 4 (1.25%) Android
14 4 (1.25%) Apple iOS
14 4 (1.25%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 164 (51.25%) DevOps
2 127 (39.69%) Agile Software Development
3 60 (18.75%) Continuous Integration
4 59 (18.44%) Configuration Management
5 48 (15.00%) Scrum
6 43 (13.44%) Open Source
7 37 (11.56%) High Availability
8 34 (10.63%) Continuous Delivery
9 28 (8.75%) Test Automation
10 26 (8.13%) Analytics
11 23 (7.19%) Immutable Infrastructure
12 21 (6.56%) Cloud Operations
12 21 (6.56%) Kanban
13 20 (6.25%) Performance Tuning
14 18 (5.63%) Software Engineering
15 16 (5.00%) Microservices
16 15 (4.69%) TDD
17 11 (3.44%) Data Analytics
17 11 (3.44%) Mentoring
18 10 (3.13%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 143 (44.69%) Python
2 106 (33.13%) Bash Shell
3 71 (22.19%) Java
4 57 (17.81%) SQL
5 54 (16.88%) Ruby
6 41 (12.81%) JavaScript
7 39 (12.19%) Perl
8 38 (11.88%) Go
9 29 (9.06%) PHP
10 17 (5.31%) C#
11 16 (5.00%) Scala
12 15 (4.69%) Groovy
13 13 (4.06%) PowerShell
14 12 (3.75%) C++
15 10 (3.13%) Haskell
16 9 (2.81%) C
17 4 (1.25%) Clojure
17 4 (1.25%) R
17 4 (1.25%) Shell Script
18 2 (0.63%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 35 (10.94%) Security Cleared
2 32 (10.00%) SC Cleared
3 7 (2.19%) Degree
4 4 (1.25%) RHCE
5 2 (0.63%) AWS Certification
5 2 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (0.63%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.63%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.31%) CCNA
6 1 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
6 1 (0.31%) CREST Certified
6 1 (0.31%) ISTQB
6 1 (0.31%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 1 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (4.38%) QA
2 7 (2.19%) Disclosure Scotland
2 7 (2.19%) PCI DSS
3 4 (1.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (1.25%) PA-DSS
4 3 (0.94%) SLA
5 1 (0.31%) GCP
5 1 (0.31%) PMO
System Software
1 101 (31.56%) Docker
2 38 (11.88%) VMware Infrastructure
3 24 (7.50%) VMware ESXi
4 21 (6.56%) Virtual Machines
5 18 (5.63%) KVM
6 15 (4.69%) Active Directory
7 12 (3.75%) vCloud
8 9 (2.81%) NFS
8 9 (2.81%) Samba
9 6 (1.88%) Xen
9 6 (1.88%) XenServer
10 5 (1.56%) Firmware
10 5 (1.56%) HDFS
10 5 (1.56%) Hyper-V
10 5 (1.56%) LXC
10 5 (1.56%) VirtualBox
11 4 (1.25%) Apache Flume
11 4 (1.25%) iptables
12 3 (0.94%) Veritas File System
12 3 (0.94%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 103 (32.19%) Ansible
2 90 (28.13%) Puppet
3 39 (12.19%) Terraform
4 38 (11.88%) Nagios
4 38 (11.88%) Opscode Chef
5 36 (11.25%) Grafana
6 28 (8.75%) Icinga
7 27 (8.44%) Kubernetes
8 25 (7.81%) Galera Cluster
8 25 (7.81%) Prometheus
9 20 (6.25%) Kibana
10 17 (5.31%) HAProxy
11 13 (4.06%) ZABBIX
12 12 (3.75%) Salt
13 11 (3.44%) logstash
14 9 (2.81%) vCenter Server
15 8 (2.50%) Packer
16 6 (1.88%) Docker Swarm
17 5 (1.56%) Ambari
17 5 (1.56%) WSUS
Vendors
1 121 (37.81%) Red Hat
2 71 (22.19%) VMware
3 24 (7.50%) Microsoft
4 23 (7.19%) SaltStack
5 22 (6.88%) Google
6 16 (5.00%) Oracle
6 16 (5.00%) Splunk
7 10 (3.13%) Cisco
7 10 (3.13%) NetApp
8 8 (2.50%) Cloudera
9 7 (2.19%) Citrix
9 7 (2.19%) Hortonworks
9 7 (2.19%) New Relic
9 7 (2.19%) Veritas
10 6 (1.88%) Atlassian
10 6 (1.88%) EMC
11 5 (1.56%) Brocade
11 5 (1.56%) Juniper
11 5 (1.56%) Symantec
11 5 (1.56%) webMethods