Period
to 14 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 14 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
14 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 536 521 522
Rank change year-on-year -15 +1 -36
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 281 412 390
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.33% 0.40% 0.40%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.59% 1.94% 1.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 184 265 294
UK median daily rate £478 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.50% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £283 £358 £313
90th Percentile £634 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 9 7
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £32.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.63% +28.00% -6.54%
10th Percentile £17.71 £20.53 £17.00
90th Percentile £58.00 £62.50 £45.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £22.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year +100.00% -10.00% -6.54%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 17,720 21,246 20,514
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.75% 20.79% 20.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,030 13,106 12,926
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £425
10th Percentile £150 £163 £176
90th Percentile £613 £608 £590
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,241 1,504 1,224
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.00 £10.90
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.50 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.00 £16.50 £16.81
% change year-on-year +3.03% -1.81% +5.03%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 14 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 266 £500 - 165
UK excluding London +16 146 £450 +5.88% 111
London -21 133 £513 -3.76% 61
South East +11 38 £350 -30.00% 38
North of England +44 32 £550 +46.67% 27
Midlands +40 29 £325 -21.69% 19
North West +29 25 £550 +18.92% 17
East of England +31 20 £480 +8.47% 12
West Midlands +18 19 £325 -21.69% 11
South West -15 14 £506 +33.55% 8
Wales +34 11 £425 -19.05% 2
East Midlands - 10 £400 - 8
Yorkshire +25 4 £550 +49.66% 6
North East - 3 £425 - 4
Scotland +15 2 - - 5

For the 6 months to 14 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 281 (100.00%) Linux
2 141 (50.18%) DevOps
3 121 (43.06%) CentOS
4 113 (40.21%) Windows
5 110 (39.15%) Python
6 107 (38.08%) Ansible
7 97 (34.52%) Java
8 96 (34.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 95 (33.81%) Security Cleared
10 92 (32.74%) Puppet
11 91 (32.38%) AWS
11 91 (32.38%) Agile Software Development
12 87 (30.96%) Configuration Management
12 87 (30.96%) Azure
12 87 (30.96%) Jenkins
13 77 (27.40%) Docker
14 70 (24.91%) Bash Shell
14 70 (24.91%) Git (software)
15 69 (24.56%) Terraform
16 61 (21.71%) Debian
17 60 (21.35%) MySQL
17 60 (21.35%) SC Cleared
18 59 (21.00%) Red Hat
19 56 (19.93%) Opscode Chef
20 53 (18.86%) VMware
20 53 (18.86%) Firewall
21 49 (17.44%) TCP/IP
21 49 (17.44%) Windows Server
22 48 (17.08%) Apache
22 48 (17.08%) Open Source

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (17.08%) Apache
2 42 (14.95%) Tomcat
3 28 (9.96%) OpenStack
4 27 (9.61%) nginx
5 19 (6.76%) Confluence
6 17 (6.05%) Elasticsearch
7 16 (5.69%) JBoss
8 14 (4.98%) WebLogic
9 11 (3.91%) Apache Spark
10 8 (2.85%) IIS
10 8 (2.85%) Jetty
11 7 (2.49%) Apache Solr
11 7 (2.49%) SharePoint
12 6 (2.14%) Oracle Self-Service HR
13 5 (1.78%) MS Exchange
14 3 (1.07%) Drupal
15 2 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
15 2 (0.71%) Mongrel
15 2 (0.71%) WebSphere
15 2 (0.71%) WildFly
Applications
1 10 (3.56%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (2.49%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (0.71%) Oracle Cash Management
1 2 (0.71%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.36%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 91 (32.38%) AWS
2 87 (30.96%) Azure
3 29 (10.32%) GCP
4 23 (8.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
4 23 (8.19%) Amazon EC2
5 22 (7.83%) AWS CloudFormation
6 20 (7.12%) GitHub
7 17 (6.05%) Amazon S3
8 15 (5.34%) Office 365
9 14 (4.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 11 (3.91%) Google Analytics
11 10 (3.56%) AWS Lambda
11 10 (3.56%) Route 53
12 9 (3.20%) Serverless
13 8 (2.85%) Amazon ECS
13 8 (2.85%) Amazon SQS
13 8 (2.85%) CloudFront
13 8 (2.85%) SaaS
14 7 (2.49%) IaaS
15 6 (2.14%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 53 (18.86%) Firewall
2 49 (17.44%) TCP/IP
3 29 (10.32%) DNS
4 22 (7.83%) WAN
5 21 (7.47%) HTTP
5 21 (7.47%) LAN
6 19 (6.76%) VPN
7 18 (6.41%) SSL
8 13 (4.63%) DHCP
8 13 (4.63%) SAN
9 11 (3.91%) Internet
10 9 (3.20%) Cisco ASA
10 9 (3.20%) SSH
10 9 (3.20%) Wi-Fi
11 6 (2.14%) Network Security
12 5 (1.78%) FTP
13 4 (1.42%) BIG-IP
13 4 (1.42%) Intrusion Detection
13 4 (1.42%) iSCSI
13 4 (1.42%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (21.35%) MySQL
2 41 (14.59%) MongoDB
3 25 (8.90%) Hadoop
4 24 (8.54%) PostgreSQL
5 19 (6.76%) NoSQL
6 15 (5.34%) Amazon RDS
7 14 (4.98%) Big Data
8 13 (4.63%) SQL Server
9 10 (3.56%) RDBMS
9 10 (3.56%) Relational Database
10 7 (2.49%) Redis
11 6 (2.14%) Apache Hive
11 6 (2.14%) Cloudera CDH
11 6 (2.14%) Flink
11 6 (2.14%) HBase
11 6 (2.14%) Neo4j
11 6 (2.14%) Oracle Database
12 5 (1.78%) Aerospike
13 4 (1.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 4 (1.42%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 87 (30.96%) Jenkins
2 70 (24.91%) Git (software)
3 33 (11.74%) JIRA
4 32 (11.39%) Selenium
5 31 (11.03%) Maven
6 30 (10.68%) Subversion
7 27 (9.61%) Cucumber
8 19 (6.76%) Ant
8 19 (6.76%) SonarQube
9 18 (6.41%) IntelliJ
9 18 (6.41%) Mercurial
10 16 (5.69%) Eclipse
11 11 (3.91%) Gatling
11 11 (3.91%) JUnit
11 11 (3.91%) Sublime Text
12 10 (3.56%) Grunt
12 10 (3.56%) gulp
12 10 (3.56%) Karma Test Runner
12 10 (3.56%) TeamCity
13 9 (3.20%) FindBugs
General
1 33 (11.74%) Public Sector
2 21 (7.47%) Finance
3 10 (3.56%) Back Office
4 7 (2.49%) Retail
5 5 (1.78%) Financial Institution
6 4 (1.42%) Automotive
6 4 (1.42%) Telecoms
7 3 (1.07%) Electronics
7 3 (1.07%) Publishing
8 2 (0.71%) Banking
8 2 (0.71%) Legal
8 2 (0.71%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.36%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.36%) Marketing
9 1 (0.36%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 70 (24.91%) DevOps Engineer
2 37 (13.17%) Developer
3 30 (10.68%) Linux Engineer
4 27 (9.61%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 23 (8.19%) Administrator
6 22 (7.83%) Systems Engineer
7 20 (7.12%) Senior DevOps
8 19 (6.76%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 18 (6.41%) Software Engineer
10 17 (6.05%) Systems Administrator
11 14 (4.98%) Java Developer
12 13 (4.63%) Architect
12 13 (4.63%) Linux Systems Engineer
12 13 (4.63%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 12 (4.27%) Linux Administrator
14 11 (3.91%) Linux Systems Administrator
15 10 (3.56%) Linux DevOps Engineer
16 9 (3.20%) AWS Engineer
17 8 (2.85%) IT Engineer
17 8 (2.85%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 41 (14.59%) Node.js
2 34 (12.10%) RabbitMQ
3 30 (10.68%) Spring
4 26 (9.25%) LAMP
5 25 (8.90%) AngularJS
5 25 (8.90%) HTML
6 24 (8.54%) jQuery
7 22 (7.83%) CSS
7 22 (7.83%) JSON
8 21 (7.47%) .NET
8 21 (7.47%) Hibernate
8 21 (7.47%) HTML5
9 18 (6.41%) XML
10 16 (5.69%) Play Framework
11 13 (4.63%) Elastic Stack
11 13 (4.63%) LEMP Stack
11 13 (4.63%) Servlets
12 12 (4.27%) Gherkin
12 12 (4.27%) LDAP
13 11 (3.91%) React
Miscellaneous
1 37 (13.17%) Public Cloud
2 12 (4.27%) PKI
3 11 (3.91%) Clustering
4 9 (3.20%) User Experience
5 8 (2.85%) Linux Command Line
6 7 (2.49%) Embedded Systems
7 6 (2.14%) Analytical Skills
7 6 (2.14%) Data Centre
7 6 (2.14%) Derivative
8 5 (1.78%) Hedge funds
9 4 (1.42%) Greenfield Project
9 4 (1.42%) Management Information System
10 3 (1.07%) Algorithms
10 3 (1.07%) Hybrid Cloud
11 2 (0.71%) Cloud Native
11 2 (0.71%) Cyber Defence
11 2 (0.71%) Device Driver
11 2 (0.71%) NHS
11 2 (0.71%) Private Cloud
12 1 (0.36%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 281 (100.00%) Linux
2 121 (43.06%) CentOS
3 113 (40.21%) Windows
4 96 (34.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 61 (21.71%) Debian
6 49 (17.44%) Windows Server
7 34 (12.10%) Unix
8 18 (6.41%) Windows Server 2012
9 16 (5.69%) Mac OS X
10 13 (4.63%) openSUSE
11 12 (4.27%) Solaris
12 11 (3.91%) Mac OS
13 8 (2.85%) Apple iOS
14 7 (2.49%) Fedora
14 7 (2.49%) Windows 7
15 6 (2.14%) Android
15 6 (2.14%) Windows Server 2008
16 5 (1.78%) Windows 10
17 3 (1.07%) Windows Server 2003
18 2 (0.71%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 141 (50.18%) DevOps
2 91 (32.38%) Agile Software Development
3 87 (30.96%) Configuration Management
4 48 (17.08%) Open Source
5 43 (15.30%) Test Automation
6 39 (13.88%) Continuous Integration
7 34 (12.10%) Microservices
8 32 (11.39%) ITIL
9 30 (10.68%) Scrum
10 29 (10.32%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 28 (9.96%) Infrastructure as Code
11 28 (9.96%) Project Delivery
12 26 (9.25%) Software Engineering
13 25 (8.90%) Migration
14 23 (8.19%) Problem-Solving
15 21 (7.47%) Analytics
16 20 (7.12%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 16 (5.69%) Information Security
17 16 (5.69%) Stakeholder Engagement
18 15 (5.34%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 110 (39.15%) Python
2 97 (34.52%) Java
3 70 (24.91%) Bash Shell
4 47 (16.73%) Ruby
5 46 (16.37%) JavaScript
6 37 (13.17%) Perl
7 36 (12.81%) PHP
8 32 (11.39%) SQL
9 27 (9.61%) C++
10 24 (8.54%) PowerShell
11 23 (8.19%) Scala
12 19 (6.76%) C#
13 18 (6.41%) Go
14 17 (6.05%) Groovy
15 10 (3.56%) Haskell
16 9 (3.20%) Clojure
17 8 (2.85%) PL/SQL
17 8 (2.85%) Shell Script
17 8 (2.85%) T-SQL
18 7 (2.49%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 95 (33.81%) Security Cleared
2 60 (21.35%) SC Cleared
3 15 (5.34%) Degree
4 13 (4.63%) DV Cleared
5 5 (1.78%) Microsoft Certification
6 4 (1.42%) AWS Certification
6 4 (1.42%) CTC Cleared
7 3 (1.07%) Computer Science Degree
7 3 (1.07%) RHCE
8 2 (0.71%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.71%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.71%) MCSE
8 2 (0.71%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 1 (0.36%) CCNA
9 1 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.36%) CISSP
9 1 (0.36%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.36%) PhD
9 1 (0.36%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (4.63%) COBIT
1 13 (4.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
1 13 (4.63%) NIST
2 4 (1.42%) QA
3 2 (0.71%) PCI DSS
3 2 (0.71%) SLA
4 1 (0.36%) MISRA
System Software
1 77 (27.40%) Docker
2 43 (15.30%) Active Directory
3 42 (14.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (9.96%) Hyper-V
5 17 (6.05%) vSphere
6 13 (4.63%) KVM
7 12 (4.27%) HDFS
7 12 (4.27%) VMware ESXi
8 9 (3.20%) LXC
9 8 (2.85%) Xen
10 7 (2.49%) NFS
11 6 (2.14%) ISA Server
12 5 (1.78%) Snort
13 4 (1.42%) pfSense
13 4 (1.42%) Virtual Servers
13 4 (1.42%) VirtualBox
14 3 (1.07%) oVirt
14 3 (1.07%) Virtual Machines
15 2 (0.71%) Samba
16 1 (0.36%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 107 (38.08%) Ansible
2 92 (32.74%) Puppet
3 69 (24.56%) Terraform
4 56 (19.93%) Opscode Chef
5 38 (13.52%) Nagios
6 35 (12.46%) Kubernetes
7 34 (12.10%) Grafana
8 23 (8.19%) Prometheus
9 19 (6.76%) Consul
9 19 (6.76%) vCenter Server
10 13 (4.63%) HAProxy
10 13 (4.63%) Kibana
10 13 (4.63%) Nessus
10 13 (4.63%) Packer
11 12 (4.27%) Salt
12 9 (3.20%) Norton AntiVirus
12 9 (3.20%) WSUS
13 8 (2.85%) HP Fortify
14 6 (2.14%) Hadoop YARN
14 6 (2.14%) Rsyslog
Vendors
1 59 (21.00%) Red Hat
2 53 (18.86%) VMware
3 42 (14.95%) Microsoft
4 34 (12.10%) Google
5 22 (7.83%) HP
6 21 (7.47%) Adobe
7 16 (5.69%) Cisco
8 14 (4.98%) Cloudera
8 14 (4.98%) F5
9 11 (3.91%) NetApp
9 11 (3.91%) Symantec
10 10 (3.56%) Oracle
11 9 (3.20%) Meraki
11 9 (3.20%) Salesforce.com
12 8 (2.85%) Atlassian
12 8 (2.85%) Qualys
12 8 (2.85%) Splunk
12 8 (2.85%) Veeam
12 8 (2.85%) webMethods
13 7 (2.49%) Hortonworks