Period
to 20 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 20 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 599 447 546
Rank change year-on-year -152 +99 +8
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 206 88 295
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.24% 0.28% 0.35%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.60% 1.51% 1.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 111 57 193
10th Percentile £325 £335 £283
25th Percentile £450 £363 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £425 £500
Median % change year-on-year +23.53% -15.00% -
75th Percentile £586 £488 £580
90th Percentile £675 £534 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £388 £450
% change year-on-year +25.81% -13.89% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 7
10th Percentile £38.61 £20.90 £17.71
25th Percentile £39.82 £24.50 £30.63
Median hourly rate £43.47 £32.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +35.83% -28.89% +63.64%
75th Percentile £46.31 £40.50 £53.75
90th Percentile £46.57 £44.70 £58.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £32.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year - -28.89% +100.00%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 12,847 5,825 17,577
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.23% 18.49% 20.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,760 3,749 11,163
10th Percentile £165 £174 £150
25th Percentile £342 £316 £263
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £438 £425
Median % change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% -
75th Percentile £580 £538 £538
90th Percentile £675 £625 £619
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 691 299 1,196
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.81 £13.38 £14.00
Median hourly rate £17.50 £18.50 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year -5.41% +5.71% +2.94%
75th Percentile £42.44 £38.50 £40.00
90th Percentile £63.00 £52.60 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.64 £17.43 £16.50
% change year-on-year -4.53% +5.64% +3.13%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -148 167 £525 +23.53% 101
UK excluding London -116 93 £488 +25.81% 76
London -175 76 £550 +29.41% 30
Work from Home -189 57 £550 +26.44% 22
South West -23 28 £375 +3.45% 11
South East -87 19 £575 +48.39% 18
East of England -37 16 £488 - 10
North of England -75 13 £475 +26.67% 16
Midlands -71 10 £375 -6.25% 16
West Midlands -60 8 £375 -6.25% 11
Scotland -84 7 £500 +9.29% 2
Yorkshire -43 6 £475 +40.74% 5
North West -50 6 £150 -62.50% 8
North East -10 1 £563 +32.35% 3
East Midlands - 1 £275 - 5

For the 6 months to 20 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 206 (100.00%) Linux
2 101 (49.03%) Bash Shell
3 100 (48.54%) Python
4 68 (33.01%) Windows
5 65 (31.55%) AWS
6 63 (30.58%) DevOps
7 59 (28.64%) Java
7 59 (28.64%) Terraform
8 53 (25.73%) Red Hat
8 53 (25.73%) Kubernetes
9 52 (25.24%) Ansible
10 50 (24.27%) Jenkins
11 48 (23.30%) Azure
12 43 (20.87%) Docker
12 43 (20.87%) CentOS
12 43 (20.87%) VMware
13 42 (20.39%) Firewall
13 42 (20.39%) SQL
14 40 (19.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 39 (18.93%) Social Skills
16 38 (18.45%) GitLab
17 37 (17.96%) PowerShell
17 37 (17.96%) Git (software)
17 37 (17.96%) Puppet
18 36 (17.48%) Security Cleared
18 36 (17.48%) Configuration Management
19 34 (16.50%) Agile Software Development
20 33 (16.02%) DNS
20 33 (16.02%) Windows Server
21 32 (15.53%) JIRA

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (10.68%) Apache
2 20 (9.71%) Tomcat
3 14 (6.80%) Elasticsearch
4 12 (5.83%) OpenStack
5 10 (4.85%) Confluence
6 9 (4.37%) nginx
7 7 (3.40%) SharePoint
8 6 (2.91%) Apache Pig
8 6 (2.91%) Apache Spark
9 5 (2.43%) IIS
9 5 (2.43%) JBoss
10 4 (1.94%) Drupal
11 3 (1.46%) IBM Domino
11 3 (1.46%) Mule
11 3 (1.46%) WebSphere
11 3 (1.46%) WebSphere Application Server
12 2 (0.97%) Jetty
13 1 (0.49%) GeoServer
13 1 (0.49%) MS Exchange
13 1 (0.49%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 8 (3.88%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.97%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 3 (1.46%) Magento
1 3 (1.46%) Shopify
2 1 (0.49%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 1 (0.49%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 65 (31.55%) AWS
2 48 (23.30%) Azure
3 22 (10.68%) GCP
4 21 (10.19%) Amazon EC2
4 21 (10.19%) Amazon S3
5 14 (6.80%) AWS CloudFormation
5 14 (6.80%) Serverless
6 11 (5.34%) Microsoft 365
7 9 (4.37%) Azure Active Directory
7 9 (4.37%) Cloud Computing
8 8 (3.88%) Amazon ECS
8 8 (3.88%) AWS CodePipeline
8 8 (3.88%) AWS Lambda
8 8 (3.88%) GitHub
8 8 (3.88%) IaaS
8 8 (3.88%) OpenShift
8 8 (3.88%) PaaS
8 8 (3.88%) Route 53
9 7 (3.40%) AWS CodeBuild
9 7 (3.40%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 42 (20.39%) Firewall
2 33 (16.02%) DNS
3 18 (8.74%) TCP/IP
3 18 (8.74%) VPN
4 16 (7.77%) HTTP
5 15 (7.28%) WAN
6 12 (5.83%) LAN
6 12 (5.83%) Network Security
7 10 (4.85%) Wireless
8 9 (4.37%) DHCP
8 9 (4.37%) VLAN
9 8 (3.88%) Ethernet
10 7 (3.40%) Internet
10 7 (3.40%) SSL
11 5 (2.43%) IPv4
11 5 (2.43%) VSAN
12 4 (1.94%) MPLS
12 4 (1.94%) SAN
13 3 (1.46%) BGP
13 3 (1.46%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (9.22%) MySQL
2 17 (8.25%) NoSQL
3 15 (7.28%) PostgreSQL
3 15 (7.28%) SQL Server
4 14 (6.80%) Amazon RDS
5 7 (3.40%) Data Warehouse
5 7 (3.40%) MongoDB
6 6 (2.91%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
6 6 (2.91%) Azure SQL Database
6 6 (2.91%) Data Lake
6 6 (2.91%) SAP HANA
7 5 (2.43%) MariaDB
8 3 (1.46%) Redis
9 2 (0.97%) Amazon Aurora
9 2 (0.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 2 (0.97%) Big Data
9 2 (0.97%) Blockchain
9 2 (0.97%) Hadoop
9 2 (0.97%) HBase
9 2 (0.97%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 50 (24.27%) Jenkins
2 38 (18.45%) GitLab
3 37 (17.96%) Git (software)
4 32 (15.53%) JIRA
5 16 (7.77%) Bitbucket
6 8 (3.88%) Artifactory
6 8 (3.88%) Burp Suite
6 8 (3.88%) GoCD
6 8 (3.88%) Metasploit
7 7 (3.40%) Maven
7 7 (3.40%) SonarQube
8 6 (2.91%) Spinnaker
8 6 (2.91%) TeamCity
9 4 (1.94%) Subversion
10 3 (1.46%) Bitbucket Server
10 3 (1.46%) git-flow
10 3 (1.46%) RSpec
10 3 (1.46%) Travis CI
11 2 (0.97%) CircleCI
11 2 (0.97%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 39 (18.93%) Social Skills
2 23 (11.17%) Analytical Skills
3 18 (8.74%) Public Sector
4 9 (4.37%) Finance
4 9 (4.37%) Telecoms
5 7 (3.40%) Electronics
6 5 (2.43%) Influencing Skills
6 5 (2.43%) Law
7 3 (1.46%) Games
8 2 (0.97%) Banking
9 1 (0.49%) Automotive
9 1 (0.49%) Documentation Skills
9 1 (0.49%) Dutch Language
9 1 (0.49%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.49%) Marketing
9 1 (0.49%) Organisational Skills
9 1 (0.49%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 45 (21.84%) DevOps Engineer
2 25 (12.14%) Administrator
3 23 (11.17%) Systems Administrator
4 21 (10.19%) Linux Engineer
5 19 (9.22%) Linux Administrator
6 18 (8.74%) Linux Systems Administrator
7 15 (7.28%) Architect
8 13 (6.31%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 13 (6.31%) Site Reliability Engineer
9 12 (5.83%) Systems Engineer
10 10 (4.85%) Site Engineer
11 8 (3.88%) AWS Engineer
11 8 (3.88%) Developer
12 7 (3.40%) Azure Architect
12 7 (3.40%) Platform Engineer
12 7 (3.40%) Security Architect
13 6 (2.91%) AWS DevOps
13 6 (2.91%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 6 (2.91%) Ubuntu Specialist
14 5 (2.43%) IT Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (6.80%) Java SE
2 13 (6.31%) Elastic Stack
3 12 (5.83%) LDAP
3 12 (5.83%) Web Services
4 9 (4.37%) Node.js
4 9 (4.37%) REST
4 9 (4.37%) SOAP
5 8 (3.88%) .NET
5 8 (3.88%) JSON
5 8 (3.88%) LAMP
6 7 (3.40%) Kafka
7 6 (2.91%) OAuth
8 5 (2.43%) OAuth2
9 4 (1.94%) .NET Core
9 4 (1.94%) AngularJS
9 4 (1.94%) MediatR
9 4 (1.94%) RESTful
10 3 (1.46%) Spring
10 3 (1.46%) YAML
11 2 (0.97%) Dropwizard
Miscellaneous
1 12 (5.83%) Linux Command Line
2 10 (4.85%) Data Centre
3 9 (4.37%) Cloud Native
3 9 (4.37%) Public Cloud
4 8 (3.88%) Clustering
4 8 (3.88%) Mobile App
5 7 (3.40%) Legacy Applications
5 7 (3.40%) Private Cloud
6 6 (2.91%) Enterprise Software
6 6 (2.91%) Management Information System
7 5 (2.43%) Life Science
8 4 (1.94%) Fibre Optics
8 4 (1.94%) Video\Live Streaming
9 3 (1.46%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 3 (1.46%) Replication
9 3 (1.46%) Virtual Team
10 2 (0.97%) Data Protection Act
10 2 (0.97%) Hybrid Cloud
10 2 (0.97%) Legacy Systems
10 2 (0.97%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 206 (100.00%) Linux
2 68 (33.01%) Windows
3 43 (20.87%) CentOS
4 40 (19.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 33 (16.02%) Windows Server
6 16 (7.77%) Debian
7 15 (7.28%) Unix
8 12 (5.83%) Solaris
9 7 (3.40%) SUSE
9 7 (3.40%) Windows 10
10 6 (2.91%) Windows Server 2008
10 6 (2.91%) Windows Server 2016
11 5 (2.43%) Mac OS X
11 5 (2.43%) Scientific Linux
11 5 (2.43%) VMS
12 4 (1.94%) Oracle Linux
12 4 (1.94%) Windows XP
13 3 (1.46%) Android
13 3 (1.46%) Mac OS
13 3 (1.46%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 63 (30.58%) DevOps
2 36 (17.48%) Configuration Management
3 34 (16.50%) Agile Software Development
4 31 (15.05%) Problem-Solving
5 29 (14.08%) Infrastructure as Code
6 20 (9.71%) Continuous Integration
7 19 (9.22%) Migration
7 19 (9.22%) Site Reliability Engineering
8 18 (8.74%) Information Security
8 18 (8.74%) Project Delivery
9 17 (8.25%) Cybersecurity
10 13 (6.31%) Ethical Hacking
10 13 (6.31%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 13 (6.31%) Open Source
10 13 (6.31%) Scrum
11 12 (5.83%) Computer Science
11 12 (5.83%) Cryptography
11 12 (5.83%) Kanban
11 12 (5.83%) Software Engineering
11 12 (5.83%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 101 (49.03%) Bash Shell
2 100 (48.54%) Python
3 59 (28.64%) Java
4 42 (20.39%) SQL
5 37 (17.96%) PowerShell
6 24 (11.65%) Perl
7 21 (10.19%) C#
8 18 (8.74%) Go
9 17 (8.25%) Ruby
10 16 (7.77%) C
10 16 (7.77%) JavaScript
11 15 (7.28%) AWK
11 15 (7.28%) sed
12 13 (6.31%) PHP
13 8 (3.88%) C++
13 8 (3.88%) T-SQL
14 7 (3.40%) Groovy
14 7 (3.40%) TypeScript
15 6 (2.91%) Shell Script
16 3 (1.46%) R
Qualifications
1 36 (17.48%) Security Cleared
2 32 (15.53%) SC Cleared
3 22 (10.68%) RHCE
4 18 (8.74%) Degree
5 10 (4.85%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (3.88%) CREST Certified
6 8 (3.88%) SANS
7 6 (2.91%) DV Cleared
8 4 (1.94%) CCDA
8 4 (1.94%) CCNA
8 4 (1.94%) CCNP
8 4 (1.94%) Cisco Certification
8 4 (1.94%) JNCIA
8 4 (1.94%) JNCIP
8 4 (1.94%) JNCIS
9 3 (1.46%) AWS Certification
9 3 (1.46%) OCP
9 3 (1.46%) Oracle Certification
10 2 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.97%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (11.17%) NCSC
2 5 (2.43%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 5 (2.43%) SLA
3 4 (1.94%) QA
4 3 (1.46%) Data Quality
4 3 (1.46%) GDPR
5 1 (0.49%) Accessibility
5 1 (0.49%) HL7
5 1 (0.49%) NIST
5 1 (0.49%) OpenSCAP
System Software
1 43 (20.87%) Docker
2 32 (15.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 31 (15.05%) Active Directory
4 13 (6.31%) VMware ESXi
5 11 (5.34%) vSphere
6 7 (3.40%) NFS
6 7 (3.40%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (3.40%) Virtual Servers
7 6 (2.91%) KVM
7 6 (2.91%) VirtualBox
8 5 (2.43%) VMware NSX
9 4 (1.94%) Hyper-V
9 4 (1.94%) Postfix
9 4 (1.94%) Xen
10 2 (0.97%) Firmware
10 2 (0.97%) HDFS
10 2 (0.97%) Veritas File System
10 2 (0.97%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 2 (0.97%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.49%) GeoWebCache
Systems Management
1 59 (28.64%) Terraform
2 53 (25.73%) Kubernetes
3 52 (25.24%) Ansible
4 37 (17.96%) Puppet
5 21 (10.19%) Nagios
6 20 (9.71%) Grafana
7 17 (8.25%) Icinga
8 16 (7.77%) Prometheus
9 13 (6.31%) Packer
10 12 (5.83%) Opscode Chef
11 10 (4.85%) Kibana
11 10 (4.85%) ZABBIX
12 8 (3.88%) Nessus
12 8 (3.88%) vCenter Server
13 7 (3.40%) SCCM
14 5 (2.43%) HAProxy
14 5 (2.43%) Red Hat Satellite
14 5 (2.43%) Rundeck
14 5 (2.43%) Single Sign-On
14 5 (2.43%) vRealize
Vendors
1 53 (25.73%) Red Hat
2 43 (20.87%) VMware
3 29 (14.08%) Microsoft
4 17 (8.25%) Dell
5 11 (5.34%) Cisco
6 10 (4.85%) Oracle
7 9 (4.37%) Juniper
8 8 (3.88%) Atlassian
9 7 (3.40%) Google
9 7 (3.40%) SAP
10 6 (2.91%) Cloudera
10 6 (2.91%) IBM
10 6 (2.91%) MuleSoft
10 6 (2.91%) New Relic
10 6 (2.91%) Salesforce.com
10 6 (2.91%) ServiceNow
10 6 (2.91%) SolarWinds
11 5 (2.43%) Coverity
11 5 (2.43%) EMC
12 3 (1.46%) HP