Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 529 526 551
Rank change year-on-year -3 +25 +15
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 126 179 325
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.24% 0.30% 0.34%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.48% 1.45% 1.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 93 139 216
10th Percentile £311 £358 £263
25th Percentile £400 £419 £398
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £465 £478 £498
Median % change year-on-year -2.62% -4.02% -0.50%
75th Percentile £575 £575 £552
90th Percentile £720 £600 £631
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £480 £470
% change year-on-year -6.25% +2.13% +10.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 5
10th Percentile " " "
25th Percentile £14.25 " £16.04
Median hourly rate £14.50 - £16.86
75th Percentile £14.75 " £50.00
90th Percentile " " £54.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £14.50 - £16.86

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 8,532 12,326 19,742
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.26% 20.58% 20.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,600 7,935 12,749
10th Percentile £180 £138 £158
25th Percentile £325 £243 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £420 £425
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% -1.18% -
75th Percentile £538 £525 £538
90th Percentile £625 £606 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £388 £400
% change year-on-year - -3.13% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 453 969 1,132
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.61 £11.17
25th Percentile £14.13 £13.92 £13.00
Median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £16.95
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% +3.24% +3.67%
75th Percentile £43.00 £23.00 £27.50
90th Percentile £55.00 £47.83 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.75 £17.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year -1.47% +6.25% +3.23%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 84 £475 -1.04% 91
UK excluding London +87 61 £450 -6.25% 66
Work from Home -211 49 £463 -22.92% 23
London -22 37 £575 +19.48% 29
South East +62 24 £381 -19.74% 24
Scotland +16 16 £483 +20.63% 3
South West +59 8 £463 -9.76% 8
North of England +51 6 £450 -18.18% 8
Midlands +27 6 £388 -12.68% 11
West Midlands +22 5 £400 -11.11% 9
Yorkshire +38 3 £500 - 3
North West +23 2 £400 -27.27% 3
East of England +34 1 £600 +25.00% 11
East Midlands +27 1 £375 -11.76% 2
North East - 1 £450 - 2

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 126 (100.00%) Linux
2 66 (52.38%) DevOps
3 62 (49.21%) Python
4 55 (43.65%) CentOS
5 53 (42.06%) Windows
5 53 (42.06%) Ansible
5 53 (42.06%) AWS
6 43 (34.13%) Agile Software Development
7 38 (30.16%) Jenkins
8 37 (29.37%) Azure
8 37 (29.37%) Bash Shell
9 35 (27.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 32 (25.40%) JavaScript
11 30 (23.81%) Security Cleared
12 29 (23.02%) VMware
12 29 (23.02%) Docker
13 28 (22.22%) Git (software)
13 28 (22.22%) Serverless
14 26 (20.63%) Groovy
14 26 (20.63%) SC Cleared
14 26 (20.63%) HTML
14 26 (20.63%) SQL
14 26 (20.63%) Firewall
14 26 (20.63%) AWS Lambda
15 23 (18.25%) Active Directory
15 23 (18.25%) Scrum
15 23 (18.25%) PostgreSQL
16 22 (17.46%) Red Hat
16 22 (17.46%) Elasticsearch
16 22 (17.46%) AngularJS

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (17.46%) Elasticsearch
2 14 (11.11%) Apache
3 13 (10.32%) Confluence
3 13 (10.32%) Tomcat
4 5 (3.97%) Apache Solr
4 5 (3.97%) GeoServer
4 5 (3.97%) JBoss
4 5 (3.97%) Jetty
4 5 (3.97%) nginx
5 4 (3.17%) MQSeries
5 4 (3.17%) OpenStack
5 4 (3.17%) Oracle Self-Service HR
5 4 (3.17%) Red Hat Fuse
5 4 (3.17%) WebLogic
6 3 (2.38%) GlassFish
6 3 (2.38%) SharePoint
7 2 (1.59%) Apache Spark
8 1 (0.79%) CMS
8 1 (0.79%) SharePoint Server
8 1 (0.79%) Traefik
Applications
1 4 (3.17%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 4 (3.17%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 1 (0.79%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 53 (42.06%) AWS
2 37 (29.37%) Azure
3 28 (22.22%) Serverless
4 26 (20.63%) AWS Lambda
5 19 (15.08%) Amazon S3
6 18 (14.29%) AWS CloudFormation
7 16 (12.70%) Amazon EC2
8 14 (11.11%) AWS CodeBuild
8 14 (11.11%) Route 53
9 13 (10.32%) Amazon GuardDuty
10 12 (9.52%) Azure Active Directory
10 12 (9.52%) Microsoft 365
11 11 (8.73%) IaaS
12 10 (7.94%) OpenShift
13 8 (6.35%) GitHub
14 5 (3.97%) GCP
15 4 (3.17%) Amazon SQS
15 4 (3.17%) AWS CodeDeploy
15 4 (3.17%) PaaS
15 4 (3.17%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 26 (20.63%) Firewall
2 17 (13.49%) VSAN
3 13 (10.32%) Ethernet
3 13 (10.32%) WAN
4 9 (7.14%) VLAN
5 8 (6.35%) HTTP
6 7 (5.56%) Cisco Nexus
6 7 (5.56%) TCP/IP
7 6 (4.76%) Cisco ASA
7 6 (4.76%) DNS
8 4 (3.17%) LAN
8 4 (3.17%) SSH
8 4 (3.17%) SSL
9 3 (2.38%) DWDM
9 3 (2.38%) SAN
9 3 (2.38%) SDH
9 3 (2.38%) SONET
10 2 (1.59%) DHCP
10 2 (1.59%) Kerberos
11 1 (0.79%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (18.25%) PostgreSQL
2 18 (14.29%) MySQL
3 17 (13.49%) Hadoop
4 11 (8.73%) MongoDB
4 11 (8.73%) SQL Server
5 8 (6.35%) HBase
5 8 (6.35%) InfluxDB
6 7 (5.56%) Apache Cassandra
6 7 (5.56%) NoSQL
7 5 (3.97%) Amazon Redshift
8 4 (3.17%) Amazon RDS
8 4 (3.17%) Oracle Database
9 3 (2.38%) Azure SQL Database
9 3 (2.38%) Redis
10 2 (1.59%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
10 2 (1.59%) Data Lake
10 2 (1.59%) Data Warehouse
10 2 (1.59%) MariaDB
10 2 (1.59%) Riak
11 1 (0.79%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 38 (30.16%) Jenkins
2 28 (22.22%) Git (software)
3 18 (14.29%) GitLab
4 15 (11.90%) Artifactory
4 15 (11.90%) JIRA
5 11 (8.73%) Maven
6 10 (7.94%) Selenium
7 8 (6.35%) Ant
8 7 (5.56%) Cucumber
8 7 (5.56%) Eclipse
8 7 (5.56%) IntelliJ
8 7 (5.56%) Subversion
8 7 (5.56%) Vagrant
9 6 (4.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 6 (4.76%) Gradle
10 5 (3.97%) Grunt
10 5 (3.97%) Hudson
10 5 (3.97%) Mercurial
10 5 (3.97%) Sonatype Nexus
10 5 (3.97%) TeamCity
General
1 17 (13.49%) Finance
2 14 (11.11%) Public Sector
3 2 (1.59%) Banking
3 2 (1.59%) Front Office
3 2 (1.59%) International Banking
3 2 (1.59%) Retail
4 1 (0.79%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 28 (22.22%) DevOps Engineer
2 23 (18.25%) Developer
3 19 (15.08%) Linux Engineer
4 18 (14.29%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 16 (12.70%) AWS DevOps
6 11 (8.73%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 11 (8.73%) AWS Engineer
7 9 (7.14%) Linux/Unix DevOps
8 8 (6.35%) Administrator
8 8 (6.35%) Angular Developer
8 8 (6.35%) Cloud Engineer
8 8 (6.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 7 (5.56%) Architect
9 7 (5.56%) Linux Administrator
9 7 (5.56%) UI Developer
10 6 (4.76%) Python Engineer
10 6 (4.76%) Senior DevOps
11 5 (3.97%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
11 5 (3.97%) Data Engineer
11 5 (3.97%) Linux DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (20.63%) HTML
2 22 (17.46%) AngularJS
3 19 (15.08%) jQuery
4 17 (13.49%) CSS
5 14 (11.11%) JSON
6 13 (10.32%) Node.js
6 13 (10.32%) REST
7 12 (9.52%) XML
8 9 (7.14%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 8 (6.35%) Django
9 8 (6.35%) HTML5
9 8 (6.35%) React
10 7 (5.56%) Web Services
11 6 (4.76%) .NET
11 6 (4.76%) Lambda Expressions
11 6 (4.76%) Spring
12 5 (3.97%) Elastic Stack
12 5 (3.97%) Flask
12 5 (3.97%) Kafka
12 5 (3.97%) Leaflet
Miscellaneous
1 10 (7.94%) Data Centre
2 8 (6.35%) Enterprise Software
3 6 (4.76%) Self-Motivation
4 5 (3.97%) Analytical Skills
4 5 (3.97%) Data Structures
4 5 (3.97%) Greenfield Project
4 5 (3.97%) Hedge funds
5 4 (3.17%) Derivative
5 4 (3.17%) User Experience
6 3 (2.38%) Cloud Native
6 3 (2.38%) Hybrid Cloud
6 3 (2.38%) Virtual Team
7 2 (1.59%) Clustering
7 2 (1.59%) Equities
7 2 (1.59%) Fixed Income
7 2 (1.59%) Public Cloud
7 2 (1.59%) Replication
8 1 (0.79%) Device Driver
8 1 (0.79%) IPTV
8 1 (0.79%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 126 (100.00%) Linux
2 55 (43.65%) CentOS
3 53 (42.06%) Windows
4 35 (27.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 14 (11.11%) Windows Server
6 10 (7.94%) Windows Server 2012
7 8 (6.35%) Debian
8 7 (5.56%) Solaris
8 7 (5.56%) Windows Server 2016
9 5 (3.97%) Mac OS X
9 5 (3.97%) Unix
10 4 (3.17%) Alpine Linux
10 4 (3.17%) Android
10 4 (3.17%) Apple iOS
10 4 (3.17%) SUSE
11 3 (2.38%) VMS
11 3 (2.38%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.79%) Embedded Linux
12 1 (0.79%) NetWare
12 1 (0.79%) OS/390
Processes & Methodologies
1 66 (52.38%) DevOps
2 43 (34.13%) Agile Software Development
3 23 (18.25%) Scrum
4 20 (15.87%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 19 (15.08%) Infrastructure as Code
5 19 (15.08%) Test Automation
6 17 (13.49%) Configuration Management
6 17 (13.49%) Kanban
7 16 (12.70%) Migration
8 15 (11.90%) Converged Infrastructure
9 14 (11.11%) Continuous Integration
10 13 (10.32%) Microservices
11 12 (9.52%) TDD
12 11 (8.73%) Continuous Delivery
12 11 (8.73%) High Availability
13 10 (7.94%) Analytics
14 9 (7.14%) Mobile Device Management
14 9 (7.14%) Problem-Solving
15 8 (6.35%) Project Delivery
16 7 (5.56%) Systems Engineering
Programming Languages
1 62 (49.21%) Python
2 37 (29.37%) Bash Shell
3 32 (25.40%) JavaScript
4 26 (20.63%) Groovy
4 26 (20.63%) SQL
5 21 (16.67%) Java
6 11 (8.73%) Perl
6 11 (8.73%) PowerShell
6 11 (8.73%) Ruby
7 9 (7.14%) Scala
8 8 (6.35%) C++
9 7 (5.56%) C
9 7 (5.56%) C#
9 7 (5.56%) PHP
10 5 (3.97%) Shell Script
10 5 (3.97%) T-SQL
11 4 (3.17%) Clojure
11 4 (3.17%) ClojureScript
11 4 (3.17%) PL/SQL
12 3 (2.38%) VB
Qualifications
1 30 (23.81%) Security Cleared
2 26 (20.63%) SC Cleared
3 7 (5.56%) DV Cleared
4 5 (3.97%) OCP
4 5 (3.97%) Oracle Certification
5 3 (2.38%) Degree
6 2 (1.59%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.79%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.79%) ISEB
7 1 (0.79%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.79%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (3.97%) QA
1 5 (3.97%) SLA
2 3 (2.38%) GDPR
2 3 (2.38%) OASIS TOSCA
2 3 (2.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 2 (1.59%) HL7
3 2 (1.59%) ISO 9000
4 1 (0.79%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.79%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 29 (23.02%) Docker
2 23 (18.25%) Active Directory
3 16 (12.70%) VMware NSX
4 12 (9.52%) VMware Infrastructure
5 11 (8.73%) VMware ESXi
6 9 (7.14%) vSphere
7 8 (6.35%) HDFS
8 5 (3.97%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (2.38%) GlusterFS
9 3 (2.38%) LXC
9 3 (2.38%) NFS
9 3 (2.38%) Samba
10 2 (1.59%) Hyper-V
10 2 (1.59%) Veritas File System
10 2 (1.59%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.79%) KVM
11 1 (0.79%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 53 (42.06%) Ansible
2 22 (17.46%) Puppet
3 21 (16.67%) Grafana
4 20 (15.87%) Terraform
5 18 (14.29%) Kibana
5 18 (14.29%) Kubernetes
6 16 (12.70%) vCenter Server
7 10 (7.94%) Microsoft Intune
8 9 (7.14%) vRealize
9 5 (3.97%) Prometheus
10 4 (3.17%) Consul
10 4 (3.17%) Opscode Chef
10 4 (3.17%) Salt
11 3 (2.38%) HP ALM
11 3 (2.38%) Icinga
11 3 (2.38%) Tivoli
11 3 (2.38%) yum
12 2 (1.59%) Docker Swarm
12 2 (1.59%) QRadar
12 2 (1.59%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 29 (23.02%) VMware
2 22 (17.46%) Red Hat
3 20 (15.87%) Cisco
3 20 (15.87%) Microsoft
4 17 (13.49%) Dell
5 10 (7.94%) Cloudera
5 10 (7.94%) EMC
5 10 (7.94%) Hortonworks
6 9 (7.14%) Oracle
7 7 (5.56%) Google
8 6 (4.76%) Fortinet
8 6 (4.76%) MuleSoft
9 5 (3.97%) Atlassian
9 5 (3.97%) Juniper
9 5 (3.97%) ServiceNow
9 5 (3.97%) Veeam
10 4 (3.17%) Axway
10 4 (3.17%) HP
10 4 (3.17%) Sparx
10 4 (3.17%) Sybase