Period
to 18 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 18 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
18 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 500 470 533
Rank change year-on-year -30 +63 +35
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 389 487 383
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.39% 0.46% 0.34%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.88% 2.08% 1.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 299 355 259
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £288
90th Percentile £625 £588 £532
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £325
% change year-on-year +0.06% +23.08% -0.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 7 11
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £18.00 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +38.89% -53.25% +102.63%
10th Percentile £17.00 £11.90 £18.50
90th Percentile £45.60 £43.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £18.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year +38.89% -53.25% +120.00%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 20695 23399 24398
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.83% 21.96% 21.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 13047 14730 14386
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £385
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.90% +2.67%
10th Percentile £175 £205 £185
90th Percentile £594 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £353
% change year-on-year - +6.38% +8.46%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1229 1298 1927
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.06% - +6.45%
10th Percentile £10.86 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £43.75 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.81 £16.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year +5.03% - +3.23%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 18 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 18 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 18 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -29 381 £450 - 72
London -47 208 £513 +2.50% 34
UK excluding London -9 178 £400 +0.06% 40
South East +39 94 £401 +0.13% 16
North of England +37 36 £420 -1.18% 9
North West +37 25 £413 -2.94% 7
South West +15 17 £413 -20.48% 3
East of England -22 15 £375 - 5
Midlands +3 14 £388 -3.13% 5
Yorkshire -15 9 £420 -1.18% 1
East Midlands -9 8 £375 - 1
West Midlands +21 6 £488 +22.06% 4
Scotland - 5 £400 - 1
North East +74 2 £325 - 1

For the 6 months to 18 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 389 (100.00%) Linux
2 190 (48.84%) DevOps
3 184 (47.30%) Python
4 175 (44.99%) CentOS
5 150 (38.56%) Puppet
6 136 (34.96%) Docker
7 135 (34.70%) Amazon AWS
8 132 (33.93%) Red Hat
9 130 (33.42%) Ansible
10 127 (32.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 124 (31.88%) Git (software)
11 124 (31.88%) VMware
12 114 (29.31%) Agile Software Development
12 114 (29.31%) Bash Shell
13 101 (25.96%) Jenkins
14 95 (24.42%) MySQL
15 91 (23.39%) Java
16 89 (22.88%) Ruby
17 87 (22.37%) Configuration Management
18 78 (20.05%) MongoDB
19 77 (19.79%) VMware Infrastructure
20 76 (19.54%) Windows
21 73 (18.77%) Unix
22 65 (16.71%) Terraform
23 60 (15.42%) Debian
23 60 (15.42%) Continuous Integration
24 59 (15.17%) Security Cleared
25 55 (14.14%) SC Cleared
26 51 (13.11%) Open Source
27 49 (12.60%) Tomcat

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (12.60%) Tomcat
2 48 (12.34%) Apache
3 43 (11.05%) nginx
4 40 (10.28%) OpenStack
5 29 (7.46%) Elasticsearch
6 21 (5.40%) Confluence
7 17 (4.37%) Apache Spark
8 12 (3.08%) JBoss
9 11 (2.83%) Jetty
10 10 (2.57%) Apache Solr
11 7 (1.80%) IIS
11 7 (1.80%) WebSphere
12 6 (1.54%) WebLogic
13 5 (1.29%) CMS
13 5 (1.29%) WildFly
14 4 (1.03%) SAS
14 4 (1.03%) WordPress
15 3 (0.77%) Drupal
15 3 (0.77%) MS Exchange
16 2 (0.51%) MediaWiki
Applications
1 5 (1.29%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 1 (0.26%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.26%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.26%) Stata
Business Applications
1 1 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 135 (34.70%) Amazon AWS
2 37 (9.51%) GitHub
3 35 (9.00%) Microsoft Azure
4 29 (7.46%) AWS CloudFormation
5 22 (5.66%) Amazon EC2
6 16 (4.11%) Amazon S3
7 15 (3.86%) Google Cloud Platform
8 13 (3.34%) Route 53
9 10 (2.57%) AWS Lambda
9 10 (2.57%) Serverless
10 8 (2.06%) Cloud Computing
10 8 (2.06%) Google Analytics
11 7 (1.80%) Amazon ELB
12 6 (1.54%) Rackspace Cloud
13 4 (1.03%) IaaS
13 4 (1.03%) npm
14 3 (0.77%) Akamai
14 3 (0.77%) Mimecast
14 3 (0.77%) OpenShift
14 3 (0.77%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 42 (10.80%) Firewall
2 41 (10.54%) TCP/IP
3 35 (9.00%) SSL
4 34 (8.74%) HTTP
5 33 (8.48%) LDAP
6 32 (8.23%) DNS
7 17 (4.37%) VPN
8 10 (2.57%) SAN
9 9 (2.31%) Wireless
10 8 (2.06%) NAS
11 6 (1.54%) LAN
11 6 (1.54%) Network Security
12 5 (1.29%) FTP
12 5 (1.29%) Junos
12 5 (1.29%) Kerberos
12 5 (1.29%) SMS
12 5 (1.29%) SMTP
12 5 (1.29%) VLAN
13 4 (1.03%) Reverse Proxy
13 4 (1.03%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 95 (24.42%) MySQL
2 78 (20.05%) MongoDB
3 45 (11.57%) PostgreSQL
4 43 (11.05%) Hadoop
5 31 (7.97%) Big Data
6 27 (6.94%) Apache Hive
7 19 (4.88%) NoSQL
8 17 (4.37%) SQL Server
9 15 (3.86%) HBase
9 15 (3.86%) Sqoop
10 13 (3.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 12 (3.08%) IBM BigInsights
11 12 (3.08%) Redis
12 11 (2.83%) Impala
13 8 (2.06%) Apache Cassandra
14 6 (1.54%) Amazon Redshift
15 5 (1.29%) Relational Database
16 2 (0.51%) Amazon RDS
16 2 (0.51%) Azure SQL Database
16 2 (0.51%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 124 (31.88%) Git (software)
2 101 (25.96%) Jenkins
3 38 (9.77%) Vagrant
4 35 (9.00%) Maven
5 30 (7.71%) JIRA
6 14 (3.60%) Ant
7 13 (3.34%) Team Foundation Server
8 11 (2.83%) Cucumber
8 11 (2.83%) Eclipse
8 11 (2.83%) GitLab
8 11 (2.83%) Grunt
8 11 (2.83%) IntelliJ
9 10 (2.57%) Selenium
10 9 (2.31%) Bitbucket
10 9 (2.31%) gulp
11 8 (2.06%) Gatling
11 8 (2.06%) Karma Test Runner
11 8 (2.06%) Sublime Text
11 8 (2.06%) Subversion
12 6 (1.54%) JUnit
General
1 24 (6.17%) Finance
1 24 (6.17%) Telecoms
2 8 (2.06%) Marketing
3 6 (1.54%) Manufacturing
4 5 (1.29%) Banking
4 5 (1.29%) Electronics
5 3 (0.77%) Financial Institution
5 3 (0.77%) Investment Banking
6 2 (0.51%) Advertising
6 2 (0.51%) Publishing
7 1 (0.26%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 137 (35.22%) DevOps Engineer
2 92 (23.65%) Linux Engineer
3 88 (22.62%) Administrator
4 61 (15.68%) Linux Administrator
4 61 (15.68%) Systems Administrator
5 56 (14.40%) Linux/Unix DevOps
6 55 (14.14%) Linux DevOps Engineer
7 50 (12.85%) Linux Systems Administrator
8 49 (12.60%) Developer
9 32 (8.23%) AWS DevOps
9 32 (8.23%) AWS Engineer
10 31 (7.97%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 29 (7.46%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 27 (6.94%) Systems Engineer
13 23 (5.91%) Java Developer
14 21 (5.40%) Linux Systems Engineer
15 20 (5.14%) Hadoop Administrator
15 20 (5.14%) VMware Engineer
16 18 (4.63%) Senior DevOps
17 17 (4.37%) Senior VMware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 38 (9.77%) HTML
2 34 (8.74%) Kafka
3 28 (7.20%) REST
4 26 (6.68%) Node.js
5 25 (6.43%) Web Services
6 24 (6.17%) AngularJS
6 24 (6.17%) Elastic Stack
6 24 (6.17%) Spring
7 22 (5.66%) HTML5
8 17 (4.37%) CSS
8 17 (4.37%) RabbitMQ
9 16 (4.11%) LEMP Stack
9 16 (4.11%) Servlets
10 15 (3.86%) ActiveMQ
10 15 (3.86%) LAMP
10 15 (3.86%) MCollective
11 13 (3.34%) React
11 13 (3.34%) Spring Boot
11 13 (3.34%) XML
12 11 (2.83%) Sensu
Miscellaneous
1 18 (4.63%) Data Centre
1 18 (4.63%) Device Driver
2 16 (4.11%) Greenfield Project
3 9 (2.31%) Replication
4 7 (1.80%) Linux Command Line
4 7 (1.80%) Spread Betting
5 6 (1.54%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
6 5 (1.29%) Clustering
6 5 (1.29%) Embedded Systems
6 5 (1.29%) Fintech
6 5 (1.29%) Private Cloud
6 5 (1.29%) Verilog
7 4 (1.03%) Mobile App
8 3 (0.77%) Analytical Skills
8 3 (0.77%) Enterprise Storage
8 3 (0.77%) Public Cloud
8 3 (0.77%) User Experience
9 2 (0.51%) Computer Science
9 2 (0.51%) Hedge funds
9 2 (0.51%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 389 (100.00%) Linux
2 175 (44.99%) CentOS
3 127 (32.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 76 (19.54%) Windows
5 73 (18.77%) Unix
6 60 (15.42%) Debian
7 35 (9.00%) Windows Server
8 16 (4.11%) SUSE
9 13 (3.34%) Solaris
10 12 (3.08%) Windows 7
11 10 (2.57%) Windows 10
12 8 (2.06%) CoreOS
12 8 (2.06%) Mac OS
13 6 (1.54%) Amazon Linux
13 6 (1.54%) Windows Server 2008
13 6 (1.54%) Windows Server 2012
14 5 (1.29%) AIX
14 5 (1.29%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 3 (0.77%) Kali Linux
15 3 (0.77%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 190 (48.84%) DevOps
2 114 (29.31%) Agile Software Development
3 87 (22.37%) Configuration Management
4 60 (15.42%) Continuous Integration
5 51 (13.11%) Open Source
6 44 (11.31%) Scrum
7 38 (9.77%) Continuous Delivery
8 30 (7.71%) Analytics
9 24 (6.17%) Test Automation
10 21 (5.40%) Continuous Improvement
10 21 (5.40%) Performance Tuning
10 21 (5.40%) Software Engineering
11 19 (4.88%) High Availability
12 15 (3.86%) Build Automation
12 15 (3.86%) Desktop Virtualisation
12 15 (3.86%) Immutable Infrastructure
12 15 (3.86%) Kanban
12 15 (3.86%) Security Hardening
12 15 (3.86%) Server Building
13 14 (3.60%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 184 (47.30%) Python
2 114 (29.31%) Bash Shell
3 91 (23.39%) Java
4 89 (22.88%) Ruby
5 45 (11.57%) SQL
6 42 (10.80%) JavaScript
7 40 (10.28%) Perl
8 32 (8.23%) Go
9 16 (4.11%) PHP
10 15 (3.86%) PowerShell
11 14 (3.60%) Shell Script
12 12 (3.08%) C
12 12 (3.08%) C#
13 8 (2.06%) C++
13 8 (2.06%) Groovy
13 8 (2.06%) Haskell
13 8 (2.06%) Scala
14 6 (1.54%) R
15 5 (1.29%) Clojure
16 2 (0.51%) sed
Qualifications
1 59 (15.17%) Security Cleared
2 55 (14.14%) SC Cleared
3 7 (1.80%) Microsoft Certification
4 5 (1.29%) Degree
5 4 (1.03%) RHCE
6 3 (0.77%) MCITP
6 3 (0.77%) MCSE
7 2 (0.51%) A+ Certification
7 2 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.26%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.26%) CCNA
8 1 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.26%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.26%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.26%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.26%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 1 (0.26%) MCDBA
8 1 (0.26%) MCP
8 1 (0.26%) MCPD
8 1 (0.26%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (4.88%) QA
2 17 (4.37%) Disclosure Scotland
3 4 (1.03%) SLA
4 1 (0.26%) GCP
4 1 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.26%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.26%) PMO
System Software
1 136 (34.96%) Docker
2 77 (19.79%) VMware Infrastructure
3 43 (11.05%) KVM
4 27 (6.94%) VMware ESXi
5 26 (6.68%) vCloud
6 24 (6.17%) Apache Flume
7 23 (5.91%) HDFS
8 18 (4.63%) Virtual Machines
9 16 (4.11%) LXC
10 15 (3.86%) Active Directory
11 13 (3.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 11 (2.83%) Samba
13 8 (2.06%) NFS
13 8 (2.06%) Xen
14 7 (1.80%) vSphere
15 6 (1.54%) iptables
16 4 (1.03%) Hyper-V
17 3 (0.77%) Oracle RAC
17 3 (0.77%) Veritas Cluster Server
17 3 (0.77%) Veritas File System
Systems Management
1 150 (38.56%) Puppet
2 130 (33.42%) Ansible
3 65 (16.71%) Terraform
4 45 (11.57%) Opscode Chef
5 37 (9.51%) Kubernetes
6 36 (9.25%) Nagios
7 27 (6.94%) Packer
8 25 (6.43%) Grafana
9 23 (5.91%) Icinga
10 21 (5.40%) ZABBIX
11 15 (3.86%) Kibana
11 15 (3.86%) yum
12 14 (3.60%) Prometheus
13 13 (3.34%) Ambari
13 13 (3.34%) Hadoop YARN
14 12 (3.08%) Control-M
14 12 (3.08%) Galera Cluster
15 11 (2.83%) Graphite
15 11 (2.83%) Mesos
15 11 (2.83%) Oozie
Vendors
1 132 (33.93%) Red Hat
2 124 (31.88%) VMware
3 31 (7.97%) SaltStack
4 28 (7.20%) Microsoft
5 27 (6.94%) Google
6 16 (4.11%) Cloudera
7 15 (3.86%) Atlassian
8 13 (3.34%) NetApp
9 12 (3.08%) Cisco
9 12 (3.08%) IBM
10 10 (2.57%) Oracle
10 10 (2.57%) Splunk
11 9 (2.31%) AppDynamics
12 8 (2.06%) New Relic
12 8 (2.06%) PagerDuty
12 8 (2.06%) Rackspace
13 7 (1.80%) EMC
14 6 (1.54%) Adobe
14 6 (1.54%) Veritas
14 6 (1.54%) webMethods