Period
to 25 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 25 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
25 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 467 495 554
Rank change year-on-year +28 +59 +13
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 127 259 366
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.30% 0.36% 0.37%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.69% 1.72% 1.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 103 186 207
Median daily rate £435 £500 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -13.00% +8.70% -7.07%
10th Percentile £350 £328 £323
90th Percentile £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £500 £413
% change year-on-year -20.00% +21.21% -4.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 7 5
Median hourly rate £32.00 £45.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -28.89% +63.64% +10.00%
10th Percentile £20.90 £17.71 £16.04
90th Percentile £44.70 £58.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.00 £45.00 £16.86
% change year-on-year -28.89% +166.90% -21.58%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 7,527 15,077 20,806
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.83% 21.05% 20.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,830 9,596 13,247
Median daily rate £431 £410 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% -3.53% -
10th Percentile £163 £140 £159
90th Percentile £600 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £388 £400
% change year-on-year -3.35% -3.00% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 431 1,133 1,309
Median hourly rate £17.75 £17.50 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.43% +2.94% -
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.28 £11.00
90th Percentile £54.00 £48.60 £46.45
Median hourly rate £16.50 £16.50 £16.00
% change year-on-year - +3.13% -

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 25 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +43 96 £425 -19.05% 110
UK excluding London +133 69 £400 -20.00% 92
London +10 40 £450 -14.29% 25
Work from Home -177 34 £495 -17.50% 24
South East +123 33 £388 -18.42% 27
Scotland +49 13 £458 +14.38% 7
Midlands +46 8 £388 -3.13% 11
North of England +84 7 £350 -36.36% 18
South West +81 6 £363 -34.09% 12
West Midlands +40 6 £400 -9.86% 9
Yorkshire +53 3 £344 -37.50% 5
North West +45 2 £400 -27.27% 9
North East +37 2 £425 -5.56% 4
East Midlands +33 2 £375 +25.00% 2
East of England +48 1 - - 17
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 25 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 127 (100.00%) Linux
2 68 (53.54%) DevOps
3 49 (38.58%) CentOS
4 48 (37.80%) Ansible
4 48 (37.80%) Windows
5 47 (37.01%) Python
6 44 (34.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 42 (33.07%) AWS
8 41 (32.28%) Bash Shell
8 41 (32.28%) Docker
8 41 (32.28%) Agile Software Development
9 39 (30.71%) Cisco
10 38 (29.92%) VMware
10 38 (29.92%) Security Cleared
10 38 (29.92%) Jenkins
11 35 (27.56%) Azure
12 33 (25.98%) Git (software)
12 33 (25.98%) Red Hat
13 32 (25.20%) Active Directory
14 31 (24.41%) Puppet
15 30 (23.62%) Kubernetes
15 30 (23.62%) Dell
15 30 (23.62%) SC Cleared
16 28 (22.05%) Firewall
17 27 (21.26%) Scrum
18 26 (20.47%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 25 (19.69%) VMware Infrastructure
19 25 (19.69%) Microsoft
20 24 (18.90%) Terraform
21 22 (17.32%) VMware ESXi

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (14.96%) Elasticsearch
2 15 (11.81%) OpenStack
3 14 (11.02%) Apache
4 12 (9.45%) nginx
5 9 (7.09%) Tomcat
6 8 (6.30%) Confluence
7 5 (3.94%) JBoss
7 5 (3.94%) Jetty
7 5 (3.94%) MQSeries
7 5 (3.94%) Oracle Self-Service HR
7 5 (3.94%) Red Hat Fuse
7 5 (3.94%) WebLogic
8 4 (3.15%) GlassFish
8 4 (3.15%) Skype for Business
9 3 (2.36%) Apache Spark
10 2 (1.57%) Apache Airflow
10 2 (1.57%) SharePoint
11 1 (0.79%) CMS
11 1 (0.79%) MS Exchange
11 1 (0.79%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 5 (3.94%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.79%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (3.94%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 2 (1.57%) Magento
3 1 (0.79%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 42 (33.07%) AWS
2 35 (27.56%) Azure
3 18 (14.17%) Office 365
4 17 (13.39%) Amazon S3
5 16 (12.60%) AWS CloudFormation
5 16 (12.60%) Azure Active Directory
6 14 (11.02%) IaaS
6 14 (11.02%) Serverless
7 13 (10.24%) Amazon EC2
7 13 (10.24%) AWS Lambda
8 11 (8.66%) Amazon GuardDuty
8 11 (8.66%) AWS CodeBuild
8 11 (8.66%) Route 53
9 8 (6.30%) GitHub
9 8 (6.30%) OpenShift
10 5 (3.94%) Amazon EKS
10 5 (3.94%) Amazon SQS
10 5 (3.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 4 (3.15%) GCP
12 3 (2.36%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 28 (22.05%) Firewall
2 22 (17.32%) VSAN
3 20 (15.75%) WAN
4 16 (12.60%) Ethernet
5 14 (11.02%) VLAN
6 13 (10.24%) TCP/IP
7 12 (9.45%) Cisco ASA
8 10 (7.87%) DNS
9 9 (7.09%) Cisco Nexus
9 9 (7.09%) LAN
10 6 (4.72%) HTTP
10 6 (4.72%) SSH
10 6 (4.72%) SSL
10 6 (4.72%) VPN
11 5 (3.94%) DHCP
11 5 (3.94%) DWDM
11 5 (3.94%) MPLS
11 5 (3.94%) SDH
11 5 (3.94%) SONET
12 4 (3.15%) ATM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (11.81%) MySQL
2 13 (10.24%) Hadoop
2 13 (10.24%) PostgreSQL
3 11 (8.66%) SQL Server
4 9 (7.09%) HBase
4 9 (7.09%) MongoDB
5 5 (3.94%) Oracle Database
6 4 (3.15%) InfluxDB
6 4 (3.15%) Neo4j
6 4 (3.15%) NoSQL
7 3 (2.36%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 3 (2.36%) Amazon Redshift
8 2 (1.57%) Amazon Athena
8 2 (1.57%) Amazon RDS
8 2 (1.57%) Apache Cassandra
8 2 (1.57%) SQL Server 2012
9 1 (0.79%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 1 (0.79%) Cosmos DB
9 1 (0.79%) Data Lake
9 1 (0.79%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 38 (29.92%) Jenkins
2 33 (25.98%) Git (software)
3 18 (14.17%) GitLab
4 13 (10.24%) Artifactory
5 11 (8.66%) TeamCity
6 9 (7.09%) Ant
6 9 (7.09%) JIRA
6 9 (7.09%) Vagrant
7 8 (6.30%) Bitbucket
7 8 (6.30%) Cucumber
7 8 (6.30%) IntelliJ
7 8 (6.30%) Selenium
7 8 (6.30%) Sonatype Nexus
8 7 (5.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 7 (5.51%) Mercurial
8 7 (5.51%) Subversion
9 6 (4.72%) Hudson
9 6 (4.72%) Maven
10 5 (3.94%) FishEye
10 5 (3.94%) Gradle
General
1 11 (8.66%) Public Sector
2 6 (4.72%) Finance
3 4 (3.15%) Telecoms
4 3 (2.36%) Front Office
5 2 (1.57%) Marketing
6 1 (0.79%) Banking
6 1 (0.79%) International Banking
6 1 (0.79%) Retail
Job Titles
1 24 (18.90%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 23 (18.11%) Linux Engineer
3 21 (16.54%) DevOps Engineer
4 15 (11.81%) AWS DevOps
5 13 (10.24%) Developer
6 12 (9.45%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 12 (9.45%) AWS Engineer
7 9 (7.09%) Administrator
8 8 (6.30%) Linux Administrator
8 8 (6.30%) Software Engineer
9 7 (5.51%) Architect
9 7 (5.51%) Migration Engineer
10 6 (4.72%) Cloud Engineer
10 6 (4.72%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
10 6 (4.72%) Linux/Unix DevOps
10 6 (4.72%) Systems Administrator
10 6 (4.72%) VMware Engineer
10 6 (4.72%) Web Developer
11 5 (3.94%) Automation Engineer
11 5 (3.94%) Azure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (11.02%) AngularJS
2 12 (9.45%) HTML
2 12 (9.45%) JSON
2 12 (9.45%) Node.js
3 10 (7.87%) jQuery
4 9 (7.09%) HTML5
4 9 (7.09%) Kafka
4 9 (7.09%) React
4 9 (7.09%) XML
5 7 (5.51%) Spring
5 7 (5.51%) Web Services
6 5 (3.94%) ActiveMQ
6 5 (3.94%) Apache Camel
6 5 (3.94%) CSS
6 5 (3.94%) GWT
6 5 (3.94%) Hibernate
6 5 (3.94%) JMS
6 5 (3.94%) MSMQ
6 5 (3.94%) Play Framework
6 5 (3.94%) STL
Miscellaneous
1 12 (9.45%) Data Centre
2 5 (3.94%) Derivative
2 5 (3.94%) User Experience
3 4 (3.15%) Enterprise Software
4 3 (2.36%) Analytical Skills
4 3 (2.36%) Hybrid Cloud
4 3 (2.36%) Public Cloud
5 2 (1.57%) Clustering
5 2 (1.57%) Digital Media
5 2 (1.57%) IPTV
5 2 (1.57%) Linux Command Line
5 2 (1.57%) Video\Live Streaming
5 2 (1.57%) Virtual Team
6 1 (0.79%) Cloud Native
6 1 (0.79%) Cybercrime
6 1 (0.79%) Equities
6 1 (0.79%) Greenfield Project
6 1 (0.79%) Over-the-Top Content
6 1 (0.79%) Replication
6 1 (0.79%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 127 (100.00%) Linux
2 49 (38.58%) CentOS
3 48 (37.80%) Windows
4 44 (34.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 10 (7.87%) Debian
6 9 (7.09%) Windows Server
7 8 (6.30%) Solaris
7 8 (6.30%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
7 8 (6.30%) Unix
7 8 (6.30%) VMS
8 6 (4.72%) Mac OS X
9 5 (3.94%) Android
9 5 (3.94%) Apple iOS
9 5 (3.94%) NetWare
10 4 (3.15%) Fedora
10 4 (3.15%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (2.36%) SUSE
11 3 (2.36%) Windows 10
12 2 (1.57%) Windows 7
12 2 (1.57%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 68 (53.54%) DevOps
2 41 (32.28%) Agile Software Development
3 27 (21.26%) Scrum
4 26 (20.47%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 21 (16.54%) Continuous Integration
6 18 (14.17%) Converged Infrastructure
7 15 (11.81%) Kanban
8 14 (11.02%) Test Automation
9 13 (10.24%) Infrastructure as Code
9 13 (10.24%) Migration
9 13 (10.24%) Project Delivery
10 12 (9.45%) Configuration Management
11 10 (7.87%) Mobile Device Management
11 10 (7.87%) Security Hardening
11 10 (7.87%) TDD
12 9 (7.09%) Change Management
12 9 (7.09%) High Availability
13 8 (6.30%) Continuous Delivery
13 8 (6.30%) Data Protection
13 8 (6.30%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 47 (37.01%) Python
2 41 (32.28%) Bash Shell
3 20 (15.75%) Groovy
3 20 (15.75%) JavaScript
4 15 (11.81%) SQL
5 13 (10.24%) Perl
5 13 (10.24%) Ruby
6 12 (9.45%) Java
7 9 (7.09%) C++
7 9 (7.09%) PHP
7 9 (7.09%) PowerShell
8 8 (6.30%) T-SQL
9 5 (3.94%) C
9 5 (3.94%) Clojure
9 5 (3.94%) ClojureScript
9 5 (3.94%) PL/SQL
9 5 (3.94%) Scala
9 5 (3.94%) Shell Script
9 5 (3.94%) TypeScript
10 4 (3.15%) C#
Qualifications
1 38 (29.92%) Security Cleared
2 30 (23.62%) SC Cleared
3 10 (7.87%) DV Cleared
4 4 (3.15%) AWS Certification
5 2 (1.57%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (1.57%) CCNA
5 2 (1.57%) Cisco Certification
5 2 (1.57%) Degree
6 1 (0.79%) ITIL Certification
6 1 (0.79%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (10.24%) SLA
2 5 (3.94%) OASIS TOSCA
3 4 (3.15%) QA
4 2 (1.57%) GDPR
4 2 (1.57%) ISO 9001
4 2 (1.57%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 2 (1.57%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.79%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.79%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.79%) HL7
System Software
1 41 (32.28%) Docker
2 32 (25.20%) Active Directory
3 25 (19.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 22 (17.32%) VMware ESXi
5 20 (15.75%) VMware NSX
6 12 (9.45%) vSphere
7 9 (7.09%) HDFS
8 7 (5.51%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (3.15%) VirtualBox
10 3 (2.36%) GlusterFS
10 3 (2.36%) Hyper-V
10 3 (2.36%) LXC
11 2 (1.57%) KVM
12 1 (0.79%) NFS
12 1 (0.79%) Samba
12 1 (0.79%) vCloud
12 1 (0.79%) Veritas File System
12 1 (0.79%) XenApp
12 1 (0.79%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 48 (37.80%) Ansible
2 31 (24.41%) Puppet
3 30 (23.62%) Kubernetes
4 24 (18.90%) Terraform
5 20 (15.75%) vCenter Server
6 16 (12.60%) Grafana
7 15 (11.81%) Kibana
8 11 (8.66%) Microsoft Intune
8 11 (8.66%) vRealize
9 5 (3.94%) Consul
9 5 (3.94%) Salt
10 4 (3.15%) Opscode Chef
11 3 (2.36%) yum
12 2 (1.57%) logstash
12 2 (1.57%) Mesos
12 2 (1.57%) Nessus
12 2 (1.57%) OSSEC
12 2 (1.57%) Packer
12 2 (1.57%) Tivoli
12 2 (1.57%) WSUS
Vendors
1 39 (30.71%) Cisco
2 38 (29.92%) VMware
3 33 (25.98%) Red Hat
4 30 (23.62%) Dell
5 25 (19.69%) Microsoft
6 12 (9.45%) Juniper
7 10 (7.87%) EMC
7 10 (7.87%) HP
7 10 (7.87%) Oracle
8 9 (7.09%) NetApp
9 8 (6.30%) Fortinet
9 8 (6.30%) Veeam
10 7 (5.51%) Google
11 6 (4.72%) Cloudera
11 6 (4.72%) MuleSoft
12 5 (3.94%) Axway
12 5 (3.94%) Hortonworks
12 5 (3.94%) Sparx
12 5 (3.94%) Sybase
13 4 (3.15%) Novell