Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 585 505 568
Rank change year-on-year -80 +63 -24
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 169 74 286
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.24% 0.20% 0.31%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.53% 1.04% 1.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 103 55 217
10th Percentile £363 £319 £275
25th Percentile £450 £400 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £500
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -10.00% -2.44%
75th Percentile £634 £494 £575
90th Percentile £725 £542 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £483 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +7.22% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 3
10th Percentile " " £21.33
25th Percentile £14.25 £20.77 £29.27
Median hourly rate £14.50 £22.29 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year -34.93% -50.48% +40.63%
75th Percentile £14.75 £23.80 £52.50
90th Percentile " " £55.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £14.50 £22.29 £45.00
% change year-on-year -34.93% -50.48% +116.95%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 11,055 7,111 18,552
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.40% 19.36% 20.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,287 4,676 11,889
10th Percentile £185 £155 £154
25th Percentile £350 £310 £300
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £438 £425
Median % change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% -
75th Percentile £575 £538 £538
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 585 422 1,154
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.78 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.40 £14.00 £13.02
Median hourly rate £17.50 £18.45 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year -5.16% +5.44% +2.94%
75th Percentile £42.00 £28.57 £34.88
90th Percentile £61.40 £48.12 £47.79
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.23 £17.50 £16.21
% change year-on-year -7.26% +7.99% +1.28%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -92 119 £561 +24.72% 109
London -124 68 £575 +27.78% 31
UK excluding London -31 60 £483 +7.22% 81
Work from Home -227 55 £470 -13.06% 20
South West -10 15 £475 +3.83% 11
East of England +3 13 £500 -16.67% 10
Scotland -41 13 £500 - 3
South East -45 9 £450 +38.69% 24
North of England -23 6 £463 - 19
Yorkshire -17 4 £475 - 8
Midlands -41 4 £275 -38.89% 14
West Midlands -34 3 - - 13
North East - 1 £450 - 4
North West - 1 £108 - 7
East Midlands - 1 £275 - 1

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 169 (100.00%) Linux
2 88 (52.07%) Python
3 77 (45.56%) Bash Shell
4 67 (39.64%) DevOps
5 65 (38.46%) AWS
6 58 (34.32%) Windows
7 57 (33.73%) Terraform
8 54 (31.95%) Ansible
9 53 (31.36%) CentOS
10 49 (28.99%) Jenkins
11 46 (27.22%) Azure
12 43 (25.44%) Docker
12 43 (25.44%) Red Hat
13 42 (24.85%) SQL
14 40 (23.67%) PowerShell
15 39 (23.08%) Kubernetes
15 39 (23.08%) Java
16 38 (22.49%) Git (software)
17 36 (21.30%) Agile Software Development
18 34 (20.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
19 33 (19.53%) VMware
20 32 (18.93%) GitLab
21 31 (18.34%) JavaScript
21 31 (18.34%) Firewall
21 31 (18.34%) Windows Server
22 30 (17.75%) Puppet
23 29 (17.16%) Microsoft
24 28 (16.57%) JIRA
24 28 (16.57%) Serverless
24 28 (16.57%) Infrastructure as Code

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (15.38%) Apache
2 23 (13.61%) Tomcat
3 18 (10.65%) Elasticsearch
4 13 (7.69%) Confluence
5 8 (4.73%) OpenStack
6 6 (3.55%) nginx
6 6 (3.55%) SharePoint
7 5 (2.96%) Apache Solr
7 5 (2.96%) GeoServer
8 4 (2.37%) Apache Pig
8 4 (2.37%) Drupal
8 4 (2.37%) IIS
8 4 (2.37%) JBoss
9 3 (1.78%) Apache Spark
9 3 (1.78%) IBM Domino
9 3 (1.78%) WebSphere
9 3 (1.78%) WebSphere Application Server
10 1 (0.59%) Red Hat Fuse
10 1 (0.59%) Traefik
10 1 (0.59%) uWSGI
Applications
1 6 (3.55%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (1.18%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (1.78%) Magento
1 3 (1.78%) Shopify
2 1 (0.59%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 1 (0.59%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 65 (38.46%) AWS
2 46 (27.22%) Azure
3 28 (16.57%) Serverless
4 23 (13.61%) AWS Lambda
5 19 (11.24%) Amazon EC2
5 19 (11.24%) Amazon S3
6 17 (10.06%) GCP
7 16 (9.47%) AWS CloudFormation
8 12 (7.10%) AWS CodeBuild
8 12 (7.10%) Route 53
9 10 (5.92%) Amazon GuardDuty
9 10 (5.92%) Microsoft 365
9 10 (5.92%) OpenShift
10 9 (5.33%) AWS CodePipeline
11 7 (4.14%) Azure Active Directory
11 7 (4.14%) GitHub
11 7 (4.14%) IaaS
11 7 (4.14%) PaaS
12 6 (3.55%) Amazon EKS
12 6 (3.55%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 31 (18.34%) Firewall
2 14 (8.28%) DNS
3 10 (5.92%) HTTP
3 10 (5.92%) VPN
3 10 (5.92%) Wireless
4 8 (4.73%) VLAN
4 8 (4.73%) WAN
5 7 (4.14%) TCP/IP
6 6 (3.55%) IPv4
7 5 (2.96%) Internet
7 5 (2.96%) LAN
7 5 (2.96%) VSAN
8 4 (2.37%) Ethernet
9 3 (1.78%) DHCP
9 3 (1.78%) DMZ
9 3 (1.78%) FTP
9 3 (1.78%) SSL
10 2 (1.18%) Kerberos
10 2 (1.18%) MPLS
10 2 (1.18%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (13.02%) PostgreSQL
2 19 (11.24%) MySQL
3 15 (8.88%) SQL Server
4 12 (7.10%) Amazon RDS
5 9 (5.33%) NoSQL
6 8 (4.73%) Hadoop
6 8 (4.73%) InfluxDB
7 6 (3.55%) Azure SQL Database
7 6 (3.55%) Data Warehouse
8 5 (2.96%) Amazon Redshift
8 5 (2.96%) Apache Cassandra
8 5 (2.96%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
8 5 (2.96%) Data Lake
8 5 (2.96%) MongoDB
9 3 (1.78%) Big Data
9 3 (1.78%) MariaDB
9 3 (1.78%) Redis
9 3 (1.78%) SAP HANA
10 2 (1.18%) Blockchain
10 2 (1.18%) HBase
Development Applications
1 49 (28.99%) Jenkins
2 38 (22.49%) Git (software)
3 32 (18.93%) GitLab
4 28 (16.57%) JIRA
5 12 (7.10%) Artifactory
5 12 (7.10%) Bitbucket
6 10 (5.92%) Maven
7 8 (4.73%) TeamCity
8 6 (3.55%) Spinnaker
9 4 (2.37%) Gradle
9 4 (2.37%) JUnit
9 4 (2.37%) SoapUI
9 4 (2.37%) Subversion
9 4 (2.37%) TestRail
9 4 (2.37%) Visual Studio
10 3 (1.78%) Eclipse
10 3 (1.78%) LoadRunner
10 3 (1.78%) Selenium
10 3 (1.78%) SonarQube
10 3 (1.78%) Vagrant
General
1 27 (15.98%) Social Skills
2 19 (11.24%) Finance
3 18 (10.65%) Public Sector
4 17 (10.06%) Analytical Skills
5 8 (4.73%) Influencing Skills
6 7 (4.14%) Electronics
7 3 (1.78%) Law
8 2 (1.18%) Banking
8 2 (1.18%) Games
8 2 (1.18%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.59%) Documentation Skills
9 1 (0.59%) Dutch Language
9 1 (0.59%) Front Office
9 1 (0.59%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.59%) Marketing
9 1 (0.59%) Presentation Skills
9 1 (0.59%) Retail
Job Titles
1 50 (29.59%) DevOps Engineer
2 17 (10.06%) Linux Engineer
3 16 (9.47%) Developer
4 13 (7.69%) AWS DevOps
5 12 (7.10%) AWS Engineer
6 11 (6.51%) Administrator
6 11 (6.51%) Site Reliability Engineer
7 10 (5.92%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 10 (5.92%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 10 (5.92%) Systems Administrator
8 9 (5.33%) Architect
8 9 (5.33%) Linux Administrator
8 9 (5.33%) Linux/Unix DevOps
9 8 (4.73%) Linux Systems Administrator
9 8 (4.73%) Python Engineer
9 8 (4.73%) Site Engineer
10 7 (4.14%) Angular Developer
10 7 (4.14%) Cloud Engineer
10 7 (4.14%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 7 (4.14%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20 (11.83%) REST
2 17 (10.06%) HTML
3 14 (8.28%) AngularJS
3 14 (8.28%) Web Services
4 13 (7.69%) CSS
5 12 (7.10%) jQuery
6 11 (6.51%) JSON
7 10 (5.92%) LDAP
8 9 (5.33%) Node.js
9 8 (4.73%) Django
9 8 (4.73%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 7 (4.14%) Elastic Stack
10 7 (4.14%) LAMP
10 7 (4.14%) SOAP
11 6 (3.55%) .NET
11 6 (3.55%) Java SE
11 6 (3.55%) Lambda Expressions
12 5 (2.96%) Grails
12 5 (2.96%) Leaflet
12 5 (2.96%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 10 (5.92%) Data Centre
1 10 (5.92%) Public Cloud
2 9 (5.33%) Enterprise Software
3 8 (4.73%) Cloud Native
4 6 (3.55%) Data Structures
4 6 (3.55%) Linux Command Line
4 6 (3.55%) Private Cloud
5 5 (2.96%) Greenfield Project
5 5 (2.96%) Hedge funds
5 5 (2.96%) Management Information System
5 5 (2.96%) Self-Motivation
6 4 (2.37%) Legacy Applications
6 4 (2.37%) Life Science
7 3 (1.78%) Clustering
7 3 (1.78%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 3 (1.78%) Hybrid Cloud
7 3 (1.78%) Replication
8 2 (1.18%) Legacy Systems
8 2 (1.18%) Video\Live Streaming
9 1 (0.59%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 169 (100.00%) Linux
2 58 (34.32%) Windows
3 53 (31.36%) CentOS
4 34 (20.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 31 (18.34%) Windows Server
6 11 (6.51%) Windows Server 2012
7 10 (5.92%) Debian
7 10 (5.92%) Windows Server 2016
8 8 (4.73%) Solaris
9 7 (4.14%) VMS
10 6 (3.55%) SUSE
10 6 (3.55%) Unix
11 5 (2.96%) Alpine Linux
12 3 (1.78%) Android
13 2 (1.18%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.59%) AIX
14 1 (0.59%) HPUX
14 1 (0.59%) Slackware
14 1 (0.59%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.59%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 67 (39.64%) DevOps
2 36 (21.30%) Agile Software Development
3 28 (16.57%) Infrastructure as Code
4 26 (15.38%) Configuration Management
5 23 (13.61%) Migration
6 22 (13.02%) Problem-Solving
7 21 (12.43%) Continuous Integration
8 17 (10.06%) Scrum
9 15 (8.88%) Full Stack Development
9 15 (8.88%) Kanban
9 15 (8.88%) Site Reliability Engineering
10 14 (8.28%) Microservices
10 14 (8.28%) Test Automation
11 12 (7.10%) Continuous Deployment
11 12 (7.10%) Cybersecurity
12 11 (6.51%) Continuous Delivery
12 11 (6.51%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 10 (5.92%) Deployment Automation
14 9 (5.33%) Information Security
14 9 (5.33%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 88 (52.07%) Python
2 77 (45.56%) Bash Shell
3 42 (24.85%) SQL
4 40 (23.67%) PowerShell
5 39 (23.08%) Java
6 31 (18.34%) JavaScript
7 16 (9.47%) Groovy
8 14 (8.28%) Go
9 13 (7.69%) PHP
10 9 (5.33%) C#
10 9 (5.33%) Ruby
11 8 (4.73%) Perl
12 7 (4.14%) TypeScript
13 6 (3.55%) AWK
13 6 (3.55%) C
13 6 (3.55%) sed
14 5 (2.96%) Scala
14 5 (2.96%) Shell Script
14 5 (2.96%) T-SQL
15 4 (2.37%) VB
Qualifications
1 22 (13.02%) Security Cleared
2 18 (10.65%) SC Cleared
3 11 (6.51%) Degree
3 11 (6.51%) RHCE
4 6 (3.55%) OCP
4 6 (3.55%) Oracle Certification
5 5 (2.96%) DV Cleared
6 4 (2.37%) AWS Certification
7 2 (1.18%) Computer Science Degree
8 1 (0.59%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.59%) ISEB
8 1 (0.59%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.59%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (3.55%) NCSC
2 4 (2.37%) QA
3 3 (1.78%) SLA
4 2 (1.18%) GDPR
4 2 (1.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.59%) Accessibility
5 1 (0.59%) HL7
5 1 (0.59%) ISO 9000
5 1 (0.59%) OpenSCAP
System Software
1 43 (25.44%) Docker
2 24 (14.20%) Active Directory
3 19 (11.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (4.73%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (4.73%) VMware ESXi
5 6 (3.55%) VMware NSX
5 6 (3.55%) vSphere
6 5 (2.96%) NFS
7 3 (1.78%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (1.18%) HDFS
8 2 (1.18%) Hyper-V
8 2 (1.18%) Samba
8 2 (1.18%) Veritas File System
8 2 (1.18%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 2 (1.18%) Virtual Desktop
8 2 (1.18%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.59%) Ceph
9 1 (0.59%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 1 (0.59%) Shibboleth
9 1 (0.59%) Xen
Systems Management
1 57 (33.73%) Terraform
2 54 (31.95%) Ansible
3 39 (23.08%) Kubernetes
4 30 (17.75%) Puppet
5 23 (13.61%) Grafana
6 13 (7.69%) Kibana
7 11 (6.51%) Opscode Chef
7 11 (6.51%) Packer
8 9 (5.33%) Prometheus
9 8 (4.73%) Icinga
10 6 (3.55%) Rundeck
11 5 (2.96%) Nagios
11 5 (2.96%) vCenter Server
11 5 (2.96%) vRealize
12 4 (2.37%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (2.37%) HAProxy
12 4 (2.37%) Microsoft Intune
12 4 (2.37%) Opsview
12 4 (2.37%) Single Sign-On
12 4 (2.37%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
Vendors
1 43 (25.44%) Red Hat
2 33 (19.53%) VMware
3 29 (17.16%) Microsoft
4 9 (5.33%) Cloudera
4 9 (5.33%) Dell
4 9 (5.33%) Google
5 8 (4.73%) Cisco
6 7 (4.14%) Atlassian
6 7 (4.14%) New Relic
7 6 (3.55%) Hortonworks
7 6 (3.55%) IBM
7 6 (3.55%) ServiceNow
8 5 (2.96%) Citrix
8 5 (2.96%) HP
8 5 (2.96%) MuleSoft
8 5 (2.96%) SAP
8 5 (2.96%) Symantec
9 4 (2.37%) CommVault
9 4 (2.37%) EMC
9 4 (2.37%) Oracle