Period
to 31 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 31 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
31 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 440 516 553
Rank change year-on-year +76 +37 -7
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 93 308 374
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.28% 0.36% 0.36%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.55% 1.74% 1.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 65 204 233
Median daily rate £425 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -15.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £342 £300 £336
90th Percentile £529 £634 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -13.89% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 9 6
Median hourly rate £32.00 £45.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -28.89% +63.64% +10.00%
10th Percentile £20.90 £18.23 £19.44
90th Percentile £44.70 £57.75 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.00 £45.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -28.89% +100.00% -10.00%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 6,011 17,716 21,717
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.40% 20.93% 20.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,592 10,979 13,452
Median daily rate £432 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.59% - -
10th Percentile £163 £148 £163
90th Percentile £612 £613 £608
UK excluding London median daily rate £396 £397 £388
% change year-on-year -0.13% +2.26% +3.47%
Number of hourly rates quoted 368 1,274 1,507
Median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% +0.03% -0.03%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £52.65 £50.00 £47.04
Median hourly rate £17.50 £17.14 £16.50
% change year-on-year +2.10% +3.88% -1.81%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 31 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 31 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 31 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +74 76 £425 -15.00% 48
London +78 45 £438 -18.60% 18
UK excluding London +154 40 £388 -13.89% 42
South East +150 18 £388 -3.13% 9
Work from Home -101 17 £443 -6.84% 9
Scotland +78 8 £440 - 6
North of England +85 6 £350 -36.36% 6
Midlands +65 4 £400 +23.08% 6
West Midlands +54 4 £400 +23.08% 5
Yorkshire +72 3 £344 -37.50%
South West +98 2 £363 -28.40% 5
North East +39 2 £425 -
East of England +67 1 - - 4
North West +63 1 £400 -27.27% 6
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 31 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 93 (100.00%) Linux
2 47 (50.54%) DevOps
3 40 (43.01%) Python
4 37 (39.78%) CentOS
4 37 (39.78%) AWS
5 36 (38.71%) Windows
6 33 (35.48%) Jenkins
7 32 (34.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 32 (34.41%) VMware
8 30 (32.26%) Ansible
8 30 (32.26%) Docker
8 30 (32.26%) Bash Shell
9 28 (30.11%) Kubernetes
9 28 (30.11%) Agile Software Development
10 27 (29.03%) Cisco
10 27 (29.03%) Red Hat
11 26 (27.96%) Git (software)
12 25 (26.88%) Puppet
13 23 (24.73%) Azure
13 23 (24.73%) Security Cleared
14 22 (23.66%) Active Directory
15 21 (22.58%) Terraform
16 20 (21.51%) VMware Infrastructure
16 20 (21.51%) SC Cleared
17 18 (19.35%) Scrum
17 18 (19.35%) Microsoft
17 18 (19.35%) Dell
18 17 (18.28%) Debian
18 17 (18.28%) VMware ESXi
19 16 (17.20%) OpenStack

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (17.20%) OpenStack
2 15 (16.13%) Elasticsearch
3 14 (15.05%) Apache
4 10 (10.75%) Confluence
4 10 (10.75%) nginx
5 6 (6.45%) Apache Spark
5 6 (6.45%) Tomcat
6 5 (5.38%) JBoss
6 5 (5.38%) Jetty
6 5 (5.38%) MQSeries
6 5 (5.38%) Oracle Self-Service HR
6 5 (5.38%) Red Hat Fuse
6 5 (5.38%) WebLogic
7 4 (4.30%) Apache Pig
7 4 (4.30%) GlassFish
7 4 (4.30%) Skype for Business
8 2 (2.15%) Apache Airflow
9 1 (1.08%) Exchange Server 2010
9 1 (1.08%) MS Exchange
9 1 (1.08%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 6 (6.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (1.08%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (5.38%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (4.30%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (1.08%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 37 (39.78%) AWS
2 23 (24.73%) Azure
3 12 (12.90%) Amazon S3
4 11 (11.83%) Amazon EC2
4 11 (11.83%) Serverless
5 9 (9.68%) AWS CloudFormation
5 9 (9.68%) Azure Active Directory
5 9 (9.68%) IaaS
5 9 (9.68%) Office 365
6 8 (8.60%) OpenShift
7 7 (7.53%) Amazon GuardDuty
7 7 (7.53%) AWS CodeBuild
7 7 (7.53%) AWS Lambda
7 7 (7.53%) Route 53
8 5 (5.38%) Amazon EKS
9 4 (4.30%) Azure Data Factory
9 4 (4.30%) Azure Functions
9 4 (4.30%) SaaS
10 3 (3.23%) GitHub
10 3 (3.23%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 14 (15.05%) Firewall
2 12 (12.90%) WAN
3 10 (10.75%) DNS
3 10 (10.75%) LAN
4 9 (9.68%) TCP/IP
4 9 (9.68%) VLAN
4 9 (9.68%) VSAN
5 8 (8.60%) Cisco ASA
5 8 (8.60%) DHCP
5 8 (8.60%) HTTP
6 7 (7.53%) SAN
7 6 (6.45%) OpenLDAP
7 6 (6.45%) SSH
7 6 (6.45%) VPN
8 5 (5.38%) Ethernet
8 5 (5.38%) MPLS
8 5 (5.38%) SSL
9 4 (4.30%) ATM
9 4 (4.30%) FDDI
9 4 (4.30%) SONET
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12 (12.90%) PostgreSQL
2 11 (11.83%) MySQL
3 9 (9.68%) SQL Server
4 6 (6.45%) Hadoop
5 5 (5.38%) MongoDB
5 5 (5.38%) Oracle Database
6 4 (4.30%) Amazon RDS
6 4 (4.30%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
6 4 (4.30%) Azure SQL Database
6 4 (4.30%) Cosmos DB
6 4 (4.30%) Data Lake
6 4 (4.30%) Data Warehouse
6 4 (4.30%) Neo4j
6 4 (4.30%) SAP HANA
7 3 (3.23%) InfluxDB
8 2 (2.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 2 (2.15%) Amazon Redshift
8 2 (2.15%) Apache Cassandra
8 2 (2.15%) Relational Database
8 2 (2.15%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 33 (35.48%) Jenkins
2 26 (27.96%) Git (software)
3 13 (13.98%) JIRA
4 12 (12.90%) GitLab
5 10 (10.75%) TeamCity
6 9 (9.68%) Maven
7 8 (8.60%) Artifactory
7 8 (8.60%) Sonatype Nexus
8 7 (7.53%) Vagrant
9 6 (6.45%) Ant
9 6 (6.45%) Bitbucket
10 5 (5.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 5 (5.38%) ClearCase
10 5 (5.38%) Eclipse
10 5 (5.38%) FishEye
10 5 (5.38%) Hudson
10 5 (5.38%) IntelliJ
10 5 (5.38%) Mercurial
10 5 (5.38%) Selenium
10 5 (5.38%) Subversion
General
1 7 (7.53%) Finance
2 6 (6.45%) Public Sector
3 4 (4.30%) Telecoms
4 2 (2.15%) Front Office
4 2 (2.15%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 16 (17.20%) DevOps Engineer
2 15 (16.13%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 15 (16.13%) Linux Engineer
3 9 (9.68%) Architect
3 9 (9.68%) AWS DevOps
3 9 (9.68%) Solutions Architect
4 8 (8.60%) AWS DevOps Engineer
4 8 (8.60%) AWS Engineer
4 8 (8.60%) Linux/Unix DevOps
5 7 (7.53%) Migration Engineer
6 6 (6.45%) Developer
6 6 (6.45%) Linux DevOps Engineer
6 6 (6.45%) VMware Engineer
7 5 (5.38%) Automation Engineer
7 5 (5.38%) Azure Engineer
7 5 (5.38%) DevOps Specialist
7 5 (5.38%) Infrastructure Specialist
7 5 (5.38%) Software Engineer
7 5 (5.38%) Systems Engineer
7 5 (5.38%) VMware Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 12 (12.90%) JSON
1 12 (12.90%) Kafka
2 9 (9.68%) Node.js
3 8 (8.60%) AngularJS
3 8 (8.60%) XML
4 7 (7.53%) HTML
4 7 (7.53%) jQuery
4 7 (7.53%) React
4 7 (7.53%) Spring
5 6 (6.45%) HTML5
5 6 (6.45%) LDAP
5 6 (6.45%) Swagger
6 5 (5.38%) ActiveMQ
6 5 (5.38%) GWT
6 5 (5.38%) Hibernate
6 5 (5.38%) JMS
6 5 (5.38%) MSMQ
6 5 (5.38%) Play Framework
6 5 (5.38%) RabbitMQ
6 5 (5.38%) STL
Miscellaneous
1 6 (6.45%) Data Centre
1 6 (6.45%) User Experience
2 5 (5.38%) Analytical Skills
2 5 (5.38%) Derivative
3 4 (4.30%) Cloud Native
4 3 (3.23%) Enterprise Software
4 3 (3.23%) Hybrid Cloud
4 3 (3.23%) Linux Command Line
4 3 (3.23%) Management Information System
4 3 (3.23%) Public Cloud
5 2 (2.15%) Digital Media
5 2 (2.15%) IPTV
5 2 (2.15%) Private Cloud
5 2 (2.15%) Video\Live Streaming
6 1 (1.08%) Analytical Mindset
6 1 (1.08%) Clustering
6 1 (1.08%) Mobile App
6 1 (1.08%) NHS
6 1 (1.08%) Over-the-Top Content
6 1 (1.08%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 93 (100.00%) Linux
2 37 (39.78%) CentOS
3 36 (38.71%) Windows
4 32 (34.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 17 (18.28%) Debian
6 10 (10.75%) Windows Server
7 9 (9.68%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
8 8 (8.60%) VMS
9 7 (7.53%) Unix
10 6 (6.45%) Android
10 6 (6.45%) Apple iOS
11 5 (5.38%) Mac OS X
11 5 (5.38%) Solaris
12 4 (4.30%) Fedora
12 4 (4.30%) NetWare
13 3 (3.23%) Windows 10
13 3 (3.23%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (2.15%) Windows 7
14 2 (2.15%) Windows Server 2012
15 1 (1.08%) Mac OS X Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 47 (50.54%) DevOps
2 28 (30.11%) Agile Software Development
3 18 (19.35%) Scrum
4 14 (15.05%) Continuous Integration
5 13 (13.98%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 12 (12.90%) Microservices
6 12 (12.90%) Migration
7 11 (11.83%) Test Automation
8 10 (10.75%) Kanban
9 9 (9.68%) Continuous Deployment
9 9 (9.68%) Infrastructure as Code
9 9 (9.68%) Infrastructure Automation
10 8 (8.60%) TDD
11 7 (7.53%) Continuous Delivery
11 7 (7.53%) Project Delivery
12 6 (6.45%) Anti-Money Laundering
12 6 (6.45%) Patch Management
12 6 (6.45%) Security Hardening
12 6 (6.45%) Software Engineering
13 5 (5.38%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 40 (43.01%) Python
2 30 (32.26%) Bash Shell
3 16 (17.20%) JavaScript
4 15 (16.13%) SQL
5 13 (13.98%) Groovy
6 11 (11.83%) Java
6 11 (11.83%) PHP
6 11 (11.83%) T-SQL
7 10 (10.75%) Perl
7 10 (10.75%) PowerShell
8 9 (9.68%) Ruby
9 8 (8.60%) Shell Script
10 7 (7.53%) C++
11 5 (5.38%) Clojure
11 5 (5.38%) ClojureScript
11 5 (5.38%) PL/SQL
11 5 (5.38%) Scala
12 4 (4.30%) C#
12 4 (4.30%) TypeScript
12 4 (4.30%) VBA
Qualifications
1 23 (24.73%) Security Cleared
2 20 (21.51%) SC Cleared
3 3 (3.23%) AWS Certification
4 2 (2.15%) CCNA
4 2 (2.15%) Cisco Certification
4 2 (2.15%) DV Cleared
5 1 (1.08%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (1.08%) Degree
5 1 (1.08%) ISEB
5 1 (1.08%) ISTQB
5 1 (1.08%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 1 (1.08%) ITIL Certification
5 1 (1.08%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (10.75%) SLA
2 4 (4.30%) OASIS TOSCA
2 4 (4.30%) QA
3 2 (2.15%) ISO 9001
3 2 (2.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 1 (1.08%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (1.08%) HL7
System Software
1 30 (32.26%) Docker
2 22 (23.66%) Active Directory
3 20 (21.51%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (18.28%) VMware ESXi
5 6 (6.45%) Virtual Machines
5 6 (6.45%) VMware NSX
6 4 (4.30%) vSphere
7 3 (3.23%) VirtualBox
8 2 (2.15%) Hyper-V
9 1 (1.08%) HDFS
9 1 (1.08%) KVM
9 1 (1.08%) XenApp
9 1 (1.08%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 30 (32.26%) Ansible
2 28 (30.11%) Kubernetes
3 25 (26.88%) Puppet
4 21 (22.58%) Terraform
5 8 (8.60%) Grafana
5 8 (8.60%) Kibana
5 8 (8.60%) vCenter Server
6 5 (5.38%) Salt
6 5 (5.38%) vRealize
7 3 (3.23%) Packer
8 2 (2.15%) HAProxy
8 2 (2.15%) logstash
8 2 (2.15%) Mesos
8 2 (2.15%) Nessus
8 2 (2.15%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (2.15%) OSSEC
8 2 (2.15%) WSUS
9 1 (1.08%) Nagios
9 1 (1.08%) SCOM
9 1 (1.08%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 32 (34.41%) VMware
2 27 (29.03%) Cisco
2 27 (29.03%) Red Hat
3 18 (19.35%) Dell
3 18 (19.35%) Microsoft
4 12 (12.90%) HP
5 10 (10.75%) Juniper
5 10 (10.75%) NetApp
6 9 (9.68%) Cloudera
6 9 (9.68%) MuleSoft
7 8 (8.60%) Oracle
8 7 (7.53%) Veeam
9 5 (5.38%) Axway
9 5 (5.38%) Hortonworks
9 5 (5.38%) Sparx
9 5 (5.38%) Sybase
10 4 (4.30%) F5
10 4 (4.30%) Foundstone
10 4 (4.30%) Novell
10 4 (4.30%) SAP