Period
to 22 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 22 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
22 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 481 505 541
Rank change year-on-year +24 +36 +54
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 415 435 365
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.43% 0.40% 0.32%
As % of the Operating Systems category 2.08% 1.81% 1.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 319 317 250
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +12.50% -
10th Percentile £317 £325 £232
90th Percentile £625 £575 £535
UK excluding London median daily rate £401 £400 £310
% change year-on-year +0.13% +29.03% -6.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 7 10
UK median hourly rate £33.75 £40.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.63% -11.11% +146.58%
10th Percentile £19.25 £11.90 £15.00
90th Percentile £47.93 £43.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.75 £40.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -15.63% -11.11% +168.66%

Ubuntu is in the operating system skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

Contract Operating System Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19949 24097 24751
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 20.81% 22.25% 21.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 12532 15201 14462
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +3.45%
10th Percentile £188 £209 £185
90th Percentile £588 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +3.33% +7.14% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1141 1262 1978
UK median hourly rate £17.25 £16.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.55% - +3.13%
10th Percentile £10.75 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £43.75 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £16.50 £16.00
% change year-on-year -3.03% +3.13% +3.23%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 22 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 22 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 22 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +43 411 £450 - 76
UK excluding London +84 207 £401 +0.13% 43
London -16 207 £513 +2.50% 36
South East +51 104 £401 +0.13% 7
North of England +48 46 £400 -5.88% 18
North West +48 28 £400 -5.88% 12
Midlands +12 21 £375 -3.23% 7
South West +20 20 £423 -23.18% 1
East of England -7 19 £450 +20.00% 6
Yorkshire +14 14 £420 -1.18% 5
East Midlands -18 13 £388 +6.90% 1
West Midlands +33 8 £350 -12.50% 6
North East +57 4 £450 +38.46% 1
Scotland - 3 £450 - 4

For the 6 months to 22 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 414 (99.76%) Linux
2 218 (52.53%) DevOps
3 204 (49.16%) Python
4 182 (43.86%) CentOS
5 161 (38.80%) Puppet
6 155 (37.35%) Docker
7 148 (35.66%) Ansible
8 146 (35.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 140 (33.73%) Git (software)
10 139 (33.49%) VMware
11 137 (33.01%) Amazon AWS
12 123 (29.64%) Bash Shell
13 114 (27.47%) Agile Software Development
14 113 (27.23%) Red Hat
15 112 (26.99%) Ruby
16 107 (25.78%) Jenkins
17 89 (21.45%) Java
18 88 (21.20%) MySQL
19 87 (20.96%) Configuration Management
20 82 (19.76%) MongoDB
21 79 (19.04%) Terraform
22 77 (18.55%) VMware Infrastructure
23 68 (16.39%) Unix
23 68 (16.39%) Continuous Integration
24 66 (15.90%) Windows
25 62 (14.94%) Security Cleared
26 59 (14.22%) Debian
27 58 (13.98%) SC Cleared
28 53 (12.77%) Opscode Chef
29 52 (12.53%) Perl

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (12.05%) Apache
2 41 (9.88%) Tomcat
3 39 (9.40%) nginx
4 35 (8.43%) OpenStack
5 29 (6.99%) Elasticsearch
6 28 (6.75%) Confluence
7 17 (4.10%) Apache Spark
8 16 (3.86%) Apache Solr
9 15 (3.61%) Jetty
10 14 (3.37%) JBoss
11 10 (2.41%) WildFly
12 7 (1.69%) IIS
12 7 (1.69%) WebLogic
13 6 (1.45%) WebSphere
14 5 (1.20%) CMS
15 4 (0.96%) WordPress
16 3 (0.72%) Drupal
16 3 (0.72%) MS Exchange
17 2 (0.48%) MediaWiki
17 2 (0.48%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 10 (2.41%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 1 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
2 1 (0.24%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.24%) Stata
Business Applications
1 1 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 137 (33.01%) Amazon AWS
2 49 (11.81%) GitHub
3 46 (11.08%) AWS CloudFormation
4 37 (8.92%) Microsoft Azure
5 29 (6.99%) Amazon EC2
5 29 (6.99%) Amazon S3
6 18 (4.34%) Route 53
7 16 (3.86%) AWS Lambda
8 11 (2.65%) Google Cloud Platform
9 9 (2.17%) Google Analytics
10 8 (1.93%) IaaS
11 7 (1.69%) Cloud Computing
11 7 (1.69%) PaaS
12 6 (1.45%) SaaS
13 5 (1.20%) Amazon ELB
14 4 (0.96%) Akamai
14 4 (0.96%) Office 365
15 3 (0.72%) Mimecast
15 3 (0.72%) Rackspace Cloud
15 3 (0.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 47 (11.33%) TCP/IP
2 42 (10.12%) HTTP
3 41 (9.88%) Firewall
4 38 (9.16%) SSL
5 30 (7.23%) DNS
6 25 (6.02%) LDAP
7 22 (5.30%) VPN
8 7 (1.69%) Network Security
9 6 (1.45%) Reverse Proxy
9 6 (1.45%) SAN
9 6 (1.45%) Wireless
10 5 (1.20%) Kerberos
11 4 (0.96%) Junos
11 4 (0.96%) LAN
11 4 (0.96%) SMTP
11 4 (0.96%) VLAN
12 3 (0.72%) VSAN
13 2 (0.48%) iSCSI
13 2 (0.48%) NetScaler
13 2 (0.48%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (21.20%) MySQL
2 82 (19.76%) MongoDB
3 47 (11.33%) Hadoop
4 44 (10.60%) PostgreSQL
5 33 (7.95%) Apache Hive
6 27 (6.51%) Big Data
7 21 (5.06%) NoSQL
8 20 (4.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 19 (4.58%) Impala
10 15 (3.61%) Sqoop
11 13 (3.13%) SQL Server
12 12 (2.89%) HBase
13 11 (2.65%) IBM BigInsights
14 10 (2.41%) Apache Cassandra
15 7 (1.69%) Redis
16 6 (1.45%) Relational Database
17 3 (0.72%) Amazon RDS
17 3 (0.72%) Amazon Redshift
18 2 (0.48%) Blockchain
18 2 (0.48%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 140 (33.73%) Git (software)
2 107 (25.78%) Jenkins
3 46 (11.08%) Vagrant
4 33 (7.95%) JIRA
5 28 (6.75%) Maven
6 20 (4.82%) GitLab
7 19 (4.58%) Team Foundation Server
8 14 (3.37%) Bitbucket
9 12 (2.89%) Grunt
9 12 (2.89%) IntelliJ
10 11 (2.65%) Ant
10 11 (2.65%) Cucumber
10 11 (2.65%) Selenium
11 10 (2.41%) Eclipse
11 10 (2.41%) gulp
12 9 (2.17%) Gatling
12 9 (2.17%) Karma Test Runner
12 9 (2.17%) Sublime Text
13 7 (1.69%) JUnit
14 6 (1.45%) Subversion
General
1 21 (5.06%) Finance
2 20 (4.82%) Telecoms
3 9 (2.17%) Marketing
4 5 (1.20%) Electronics
5 4 (0.96%) Law
6 3 (0.72%) Banking
6 3 (0.72%) Financial Institution
6 3 (0.72%) Manufacturing
7 2 (0.48%) Publishing
8 1 (0.24%) Advertising
8 1 (0.24%) Front Office
8 1 (0.24%) Games
8 1 (0.24%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.24%) Retail
Job Titles
1 157 (37.83%) DevOps Engineer
2 96 (23.13%) Linux Engineer
3 91 (21.93%) Administrator
4 71 (17.11%) Linux Administrator
5 60 (14.46%) Linux/Unix DevOps
5 60 (14.46%) Systems Administrator
6 57 (13.73%) Linux DevOps Engineer
7 54 (13.01%) Developer
8 53 (12.77%) Linux Systems Administrator
9 36 (8.67%) AWS DevOps
10 34 (8.19%) AWS Engineer
11 32 (7.71%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 26 (6.27%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 21 (5.06%) Hadoop Administrator
13 21 (5.06%) Senior DevOps
13 21 (5.06%) Systems Engineer
14 20 (4.82%) VMware Engineer
15 19 (4.58%) Senior DevOps Engineer
16 18 (4.34%) Linux Systems Engineer
16 18 (4.34%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (8.92%) Elastic Stack
2 36 (8.67%) Node.js
3 33 (7.95%) HTML
4 31 (7.47%) Kafka
5 27 (6.51%) Web Services
6 24 (5.78%) REST
7 23 (5.54%) LAMP
8 22 (5.30%) AngularJS
8 22 (5.30%) HTML5
9 20 (4.82%) Spring
10 19 (4.58%) Sensu
11 17 (4.10%) LEMP Stack
12 16 (3.86%) CSS
12 16 (3.86%) Servlets
13 14 (3.37%) .NET
13 14 (3.37%) MCollective
13 14 (3.37%) RabbitMQ
14 12 (2.89%) JSON
14 12 (2.89%) SOAP
14 12 (2.89%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 15 (3.61%) Greenfield Project
2 13 (3.13%) Data Centre
3 10 (2.41%) Device Driver
4 7 (1.69%) Fintech
5 6 (1.45%) Computer Science
5 6 (1.45%) Hybrid Cloud
5 6 (1.45%) Linux Command Line
6 5 (1.20%) Private Cloud
6 5 (1.20%) Spread Betting
6 5 (1.20%) User Experience
7 4 (0.96%) Analytical Skills
7 4 (0.96%) Clustering
7 4 (0.96%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
7 4 (0.96%) Mobile App
7 4 (0.96%) Public Cloud
7 4 (0.96%) Replication
8 3 (0.72%) Embedded Systems
8 3 (0.72%) Hedge funds
8 3 (0.72%) Verilog
9 2 (0.48%) YubiKey
Operating Systems
1 414 (99.76%) Linux
2 182 (43.86%) CentOS
3 146 (35.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 68 (16.39%) Unix
5 66 (15.90%) Windows
6 59 (14.22%) Debian
7 37 (8.92%) SUSE
8 36 (8.67%) Windows Server
9 12 (2.89%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 9 (2.17%) Solaris
10 9 (2.17%) Windows 7
10 9 (2.17%) Windows Server 2012
11 8 (1.93%) Windows Server 2008
12 7 (1.69%) Windows 10
13 6 (1.45%) Amazon Linux
13 6 (1.45%) CoreOS
14 5 (1.20%) Mac OS
14 5 (1.20%) Windows Server 2003
15 3 (0.72%) Oracle Linux
16 2 (0.48%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 218 (52.53%) DevOps
2 114 (27.47%) Agile Software Development
3 87 (20.96%) Configuration Management
4 68 (16.39%) Continuous Integration
5 45 (10.84%) Open Source
6 40 (9.64%) Analytics
6 40 (9.64%) Performance Tuning
6 40 (9.64%) Scrum
7 37 (8.92%) Continuous Delivery
8 27 (6.51%) Software Engineering
9 26 (6.27%) Continuous Improvement
10 25 (6.02%) Test Automation
11 24 (5.78%) Security Hardening
12 21 (5.06%) Desktop Virtualisation
13 20 (4.82%) Load Balancing
14 16 (3.86%) High Availability
14 16 (3.86%) Web Operations
15 14 (3.37%) Build Automation
16 13 (3.13%) TDD
16 13 (3.13%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 204 (49.16%) Python
2 123 (29.64%) Bash Shell
3 112 (26.99%) Ruby
4 89 (21.45%) Java
5 52 (12.53%) Perl
6 45 (10.84%) SQL
7 39 (9.40%) JavaScript
8 20 (4.82%) Go
9 19 (4.58%) PowerShell
10 18 (4.34%) C#
10 18 (4.34%) PHP
11 13 (3.13%) C
12 11 (2.65%) Shell Script
13 10 (2.41%) Groovy
13 10 (2.41%) Scala
14 9 (2.17%) Haskell
15 8 (1.93%) C++
16 5 (1.20%) T-SQL
17 3 (0.72%) R
18 2 (0.48%) sed
Qualifications
1 62 (14.94%) Security Cleared
2 58 (13.98%) SC Cleared
3 6 (1.45%) Degree
3 6 (1.45%) Microsoft Certification
4 5 (1.20%) DV Cleared
5 3 (0.72%) MCITP
5 3 (0.72%) MCSE
6 2 (0.48%) A+ Certification
7 1 (0.24%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.24%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.24%) MCDBA
7 1 (0.24%) MCP
7 1 (0.24%) MCPD
7 1 (0.24%) MCSD
7 1 (0.24%) RHCA
7 1 (0.24%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (3.61%) Disclosure Scotland
2 13 (3.13%) QA
3 1 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.24%) PMO
3 1 (0.24%) SLA
System Software
1 155 (37.35%) Docker
2 77 (18.55%) VMware Infrastructure
3 30 (7.23%) HDFS
3 30 (7.23%) KVM
4 29 (6.99%) Apache Flume
5 26 (6.27%) Virtual Machines
6 24 (5.78%) vCloud
7 20 (4.82%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 20 (4.82%) VMware ESXi
8 16 (3.86%) vSphere
9 14 (3.37%) Active Directory
9 14 (3.37%) Xen
10 12 (2.89%) LXC
11 8 (1.93%) iptables
12 5 (1.20%) Hyper-V
13 4 (0.96%) Samba
14 3 (0.72%) NFS
15 2 (0.48%) Terminal Services
15 2 (0.48%) XenServer
16 1 (0.24%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 161 (38.80%) Puppet
2 148 (35.66%) Ansible
3 79 (19.04%) Terraform
4 53 (12.77%) Opscode Chef
5 46 (11.08%) Kubernetes
6 32 (7.71%) Packer
7 28 (6.75%) Nagios
8 25 (6.02%) Graphite
9 22 (5.30%) Mesos
10 21 (5.06%) Grafana
10 21 (5.06%) ZABBIX
11 17 (4.10%) Oozie
12 15 (3.61%) Kibana
13 13 (3.13%) Icinga
13 13 (3.13%) yum
14 12 (2.89%) Ambari
14 12 (2.89%) Hadoop YARN
14 12 (2.89%) HAProxy
15 11 (2.65%) Control-M
15 11 (2.65%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 139 (33.49%) VMware
2 113 (27.23%) Red Hat
3 28 (6.75%) SaltStack
4 26 (6.27%) Microsoft
5 24 (5.78%) Google
6 23 (5.54%) Atlassian
7 18 (4.34%) Cisco
7 18 (4.34%) Cloudera
8 13 (3.13%) AppDynamics
9 11 (2.65%) IBM
9 11 (2.65%) PagerDuty
10 9 (2.17%) HP
11 8 (1.93%) Adobe
11 8 (1.93%) Oracle
12 7 (1.69%) webMethods
13 6 (1.45%) NetApp
13 6 (1.45%) New Relic
14 5 (1.20%) Barracuda Networks
15 4 (0.96%) Dell
15 4 (0.96%) Rackspace