Period
to 22 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 22 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
22 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 526 479 543
Rank change year-on-year -47 +64 -9
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 385 380 376
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.38% 0.42% 0.36%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.85% 2.05% 1.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 286 276 297
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +8.76%
10th Percentile £344 £341 £316
90th Percentile £621 £619 £564
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -5.56% +5.88% +21.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 6 5
UK median hourly rate £32.00 £17.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +82.86% -65.00% +53.85%
10th Percentile £22.30 £14.13 £20.55
90th Percentile £65.00 £23.75 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.00 £17.50 £24.25
% change year-on-year -2.86% -27.84% -46.11%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 20,830 18,567 23,331
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.69% 20.60% 22.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,174 11,749 14,403
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £185 £200 £205
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £390 £375
% change year-on-year +2.56% +4.00% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,335 1,115 1,388
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £16.50 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.03% -2.94% +5.20%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.50 £10.63
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.50 £46.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.86 £15.86 £16.50
% change year-on-year - -3.88% +4.76%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 22 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 22 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 22 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -60 371 £500 +5.26% 187
London -20 227 £525 +7.69% 78
UK excluding London -58 150 £425 -5.56% 122
South East -69 55 £450 -2.70% 48
Midlands -6 35 £425 -5.56% 12
East of England +4 28 £500 -2.91% 11
East Midlands +11 20 £400 -22.33% 1
West Midlands -26 15 £425 +30.77% 11
North of England -23 14 £463 +15.63% 20
South West +3 11 £415 -14.87% 19
North West -27 11 £463 +15.63% 12
Scotland -35 5 £370 -17.78% 4
Yorkshire -9 3 £306 -35.53% 7
Wales - 2 £393 - 9

For the 6 months to 22 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 385 (100.00%) Linux
2 201 (52.21%) Python
3 197 (51.17%) DevOps
4 186 (48.31%) CentOS
5 179 (46.49%) Docker
6 157 (40.78%) Agile Software Development
7 150 (38.96%) Jenkins
8 149 (38.70%) Red Hat
9 145 (37.66%) Ansible
10 137 (35.58%) Bash Shell
11 134 (34.81%) Git (software)
12 119 (30.91%) Amazon AWS
13 110 (28.57%) Windows
14 107 (27.79%) Puppet
15 102 (26.49%) MongoDB
15 102 (26.49%) Java
16 86 (22.34%) Continuous Integration
17 84 (21.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
18 83 (21.56%) nginx
19 82 (21.30%) Apache
20 81 (21.04%) VMware
20 81 (21.04%) Terraform
21 80 (20.78%) MySQL
22 77 (20.00%) Configuration Management
23 65 (16.88%) Open Source
24 64 (16.62%) Perl
25 63 (16.36%) Google
26 61 (15.84%) Unix
26 61 (15.84%) Opscode Chef
27 59 (15.32%) Kubernetes

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 83 (21.56%) nginx
2 82 (21.30%) Apache
3 44 (11.43%) Tomcat
4 22 (5.71%) Jetty
5 20 (5.19%) Confluence
6 19 (4.94%) JBoss
7 17 (4.42%) Apache Spark
8 16 (4.16%) Elasticsearch
8 16 (4.16%) OpenStack
9 14 (3.64%) Gunicorn
10 12 (3.12%) WildFly
11 10 (2.60%) IIS
12 8 (2.08%) Mule ESB
12 8 (2.08%) WebLogic
13 6 (1.56%) Mongrel
13 6 (1.56%) WebSphere
14 5 (1.30%) CMS
15 4 (1.04%) Apache Solr
15 4 (1.04%) Drupal
15 4 (1.04%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 5 (1.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.52%) BusinessWorks
1 2 (0.52%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (0.26%) Markit EDM
2 1 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 119 (30.91%) Amazon AWS
2 54 (14.03%) Microsoft Azure
3 52 (13.51%) GitHub
4 32 (8.31%) AWS CloudFormation
5 27 (7.01%) Google Cloud Platform
6 22 (5.71%) Route 53
7 21 (5.45%) Amazon EC2
8 19 (4.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 19 (4.94%) Datadog
9 15 (3.90%) Serverless
10 14 (3.64%) AWS Lambda
10 14 (3.64%) Cloud Computing
11 13 (3.38%) Google Analytics
11 13 (3.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 12 (3.12%) Amazon S3
13 9 (2.34%) Amazon ELB
13 9 (2.34%) IaaS
14 6 (1.56%) Office 365
14 6 (1.56%) Rackspace Cloud
14 6 (1.56%) Sumo Logic
Communications & Networking
1 46 (11.95%) TCP/IP
2 42 (10.91%) HTTP
3 35 (9.09%) Firewall
4 26 (6.75%) SSL
5 21 (5.45%) VPN
6 15 (3.90%) DNS
7 14 (3.64%) SSH
8 13 (3.38%) Kerberos
8 13 (3.38%) Reverse Proxy
9 8 (2.08%) Network Security
10 6 (1.56%) DHCP
10 6 (1.56%) SMS
10 6 (1.56%) SMTP
10 6 (1.56%) VLAN
11 5 (1.30%) Fibre Channel
11 5 (1.30%) LAN
11 5 (1.30%) NAS
11 5 (1.30%) SAN
11 5 (1.30%) Wireshark
12 4 (1.04%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 102 (26.49%) MongoDB
2 80 (20.78%) MySQL
3 46 (11.95%) PostgreSQL
4 33 (8.57%) NoSQL
5 31 (8.05%) Hadoop
6 30 (7.79%) Big Data
7 28 (7.27%) SQL Server
8 11 (2.86%) Amazon RDS
9 10 (2.60%) Apache Cassandra
9 10 (2.60%) Data Mining
9 10 (2.60%) Relational Database
10 9 (2.34%) Redis
11 8 (2.08%) HBase
12 6 (1.56%) MariaDB
12 6 (1.56%) Oracle Database
13 5 (1.30%) RDBMS
13 5 (1.30%) SQLite
14 4 (1.04%) Apache Hive
14 4 (1.04%) SQLPlus
14 4 (1.04%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 150 (38.96%) Jenkins
2 134 (34.81%) Git (software)
3 35 (9.09%) Vagrant
4 30 (7.79%) JIRA
5 28 (7.27%) Maven
5 28 (7.27%) Selenium
6 24 (6.23%) Cucumber
7 22 (5.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 21 (5.45%) Ant
8 21 (5.45%) IntelliJ
9 20 (5.19%) GitLab
10 18 (4.68%) Artifactory
10 18 (4.68%) Gatling
10 18 (4.68%) JUnit
11 17 (4.42%) Travis CI
12 16 (4.16%) Mercurial
13 14 (3.64%) Eclipse
14 13 (3.38%) gulp
14 13 (3.38%) Subversion
15 11 (2.86%) Sublime Text
General
1 20 (5.19%) Finance
2 12 (3.12%) Telecoms
3 9 (2.34%) Banking
3 9 (2.34%) Legal
4 8 (2.08%) Law
5 4 (1.04%) Games
5 4 (1.04%) Marketing
5 4 (1.04%) Retail
6 3 (0.78%) Investment Banking
6 3 (0.78%) Manufacturing
7 2 (0.52%) Electronics
8 1 (0.26%) Advertising
8 1 (0.26%) Billing
8 1 (0.26%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 142 (36.88%) DevOps Engineer
2 85 (22.08%) Developer
3 53 (13.77%) Administrator
4 52 (13.51%) Linux Engineer
5 38 (9.87%) Linux/Unix DevOps
5 38 (9.87%) Systems Administrator
6 37 (9.61%) Linux Administrator
7 35 (9.09%) Linux Systems Administrator
8 27 (7.01%) Java Developer
9 24 (6.23%) Linux DevOps Engineer
10 20 (5.19%) AWS DevOps
10 20 (5.19%) DBA
10 20 (5.19%) MongoDB DBA
11 18 (4.68%) AWS Engineer
12 17 (4.42%) Python Developer
13 16 (4.16%) Scala Developer
13 16 (4.16%) Systems Engineer
14 15 (3.90%) Linux Systems Engineer
15 14 (3.64%) Operations Engineer
15 14 (3.64%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 55 (14.29%) Node.js
2 38 (9.87%) Elastic Stack
3 34 (8.83%) Kafka
3 34 (8.83%) REST
4 32 (8.31%) LDAP
5 30 (7.79%) LAMP
6 27 (7.01%) XML
7 26 (6.75%) HTML
8 25 (6.49%) Gherkin
8 25 (6.49%) Servlets
9 24 (6.23%) JSON
9 24 (6.23%) LEMP Stack
9 24 (6.23%) Spring
10 22 (5.71%) CSS
11 21 (5.45%) ActiveMQ
11 21 (5.45%) jQuery
11 21 (5.45%) RabbitMQ
12 18 (4.68%) AngularJS
12 18 (4.68%) Web Services
13 17 (4.42%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 34 (8.83%) Linux Command Line
2 29 (7.53%) Device Driver
2 29 (7.53%) Replication
3 20 (5.19%) Clustering
4 19 (4.94%) Analytical Skills
5 14 (3.64%) User Experience
6 11 (2.86%) Data Centre
7 8 (2.08%) Public Cloud
7 8 (2.08%) Smart Home
8 7 (1.82%) Algorithms
9 6 (1.56%) Computer Science
10 5 (1.30%) Digital Media
10 5 (1.30%) Greenfield Project
11 4 (1.04%) CMDB
11 4 (1.04%) Enterprise Storage
12 3 (0.78%) Cybercrime
12 3 (0.78%) Derivative
12 3 (0.78%) Life Science
12 3 (0.78%) Mobile App
12 3 (0.78%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 385 (100.00%) Linux
2 186 (48.31%) CentOS
3 110 (28.57%) Windows
4 84 (21.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 61 (15.84%) Unix
6 47 (12.21%) Debian
7 42 (10.91%) Windows Server
8 21 (5.45%) Windows Server 2008
9 20 (5.19%) DC/OS
10 10 (2.60%) SUSE
11 9 (2.34%) Android
11 9 (2.34%) Mac OS X
12 7 (1.82%) Fedora
12 7 (1.82%) Solaris
13 6 (1.56%) Apple iOS
14 5 (1.30%) Windows Server 2012
15 4 (1.04%) FreeBSD
15 4 (1.04%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 4 (1.04%) Windows 10
16 3 (0.78%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 197 (51.17%) DevOps
2 157 (40.78%) Agile Software Development
3 86 (22.34%) Continuous Integration
4 77 (20.00%) Configuration Management
5 65 (16.88%) Open Source
6 52 (13.51%) Test Automation
7 47 (12.21%) Problem-Solving
8 38 (9.87%) Continuous Delivery
9 37 (9.61%) High Availability
9 37 (9.61%) Scrum
10 36 (9.35%) Immutable Infrastructure
11 29 (7.53%) Analytics
12 24 (6.23%) Mentoring
13 22 (5.71%) Migration
14 21 (5.45%) SDLC
15 20 (5.19%) Microservices
16 19 (4.94%) Software Engineering
17 17 (4.42%) Cloud Operations
17 17 (4.42%) Server Monitoring
18 16 (4.16%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 201 (52.21%) Python
2 137 (35.58%) Bash Shell
3 102 (26.49%) Java
4 64 (16.62%) Perl
5 58 (15.06%) Ruby
5 58 (15.06%) SQL
6 54 (14.03%) JavaScript
7 43 (11.17%) Go
8 31 (8.05%) Scala
9 30 (7.79%) PHP
9 30 (7.79%) PowerShell
10 25 (6.49%) Groovy
11 21 (5.45%) C++
12 19 (4.94%) C#
13 15 (3.90%) Shell Script
14 12 (3.12%) Haskell
15 5 (1.30%) Java 8
15 5 (1.30%) PL/SQL
15 5 (1.30%) VBA
16 4 (1.04%) sed
Qualifications
1 58 (15.06%) Security Cleared
2 52 (13.51%) SC Cleared
3 10 (2.60%) Degree
4 4 (1.04%) DV Cleared
5 3 (0.78%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (0.52%) AWS Certification
6 2 (0.52%) CISSP
7 1 (0.26%) A+ Certification
7 1 (0.26%) CIPD
7 1 (0.26%) CREST Certified
7 1 (0.26%) MCSE
7 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.26%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (4.16%) QA
2 8 (2.08%) GCP
3 5 (1.30%) TickIT
4 2 (0.52%) MiFID
4 2 (0.52%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.52%) SLA
5 1 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.26%) PMO
System Software
1 179 (46.49%) Docker
2 49 (12.73%) VMware Infrastructure
3 38 (9.87%) Virtual Machines
4 27 (7.01%) VirtualBox
5 23 (5.97%) Hyper-V
6 17 (4.42%) Active Directory
7 16 (4.16%) Xen
8 12 (3.12%) KVM
8 12 (3.12%) LXC
8 12 (3.12%) vCloud
9 11 (2.86%) VMware ESXi
10 9 (2.34%) NFS
11 7 (1.82%) HDFS
12 6 (1.56%) XenServer
13 5 (1.30%) iptables
13 5 (1.30%) Samba
14 4 (1.04%) Varnish
15 3 (0.78%) Apache Flume
15 3 (0.78%) OpenDJ
15 3 (0.78%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 145 (37.66%) Ansible
2 107 (27.79%) Puppet
3 81 (21.04%) Terraform
4 61 (15.84%) Opscode Chef
5 59 (15.32%) Kubernetes
6 48 (12.47%) Grafana
7 45 (11.69%) Nagios
8 33 (8.57%) Docker Swarm
9 31 (8.05%) Prometheus
10 30 (7.79%) Icinga
11 26 (6.75%) Kibana
12 23 (5.97%) Packer
13 22 (5.71%) Galera Cluster
14 19 (4.94%) HAProxy
15 17 (4.42%) Salt
16 15 (3.90%) ZABBIX
17 11 (2.86%) SELinux
18 8 (2.08%) logstash
19 6 (1.56%) Graylog
19 6 (1.56%) SCCM
Vendors
1 149 (38.70%) Red Hat
2 81 (21.04%) VMware
3 63 (16.36%) Google
4 33 (8.57%) Microsoft
5 32 (8.31%) Splunk
6 27 (7.01%) SaltStack
7 22 (5.71%) New Relic
7 22 (5.71%) Oracle
8 11 (2.86%) Atlassian
9 10 (2.60%) Hortonworks
10 8 (2.08%) Cisco
10 8 (2.08%) Cloudera
10 8 (2.08%) MapR
10 8 (2.08%) Rackspace
11 7 (1.82%) AppDynamics
11 7 (1.82%) NetApp
11 7 (1.82%) webMethods
12 6 (1.56%) Centrify
12 6 (1.56%) Perforce
12 6 (1.56%) Symantec