Period
to 20 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 20 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
20 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 571 535 468
Rank change year-on-year -36 -67 +82
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 284 382 416
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.31% 0.38% 0.46%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.56% 1.84% 2.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 194 283 312
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £466
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.24% +3.61%
10th Percentile £300 £340 £334
90th Percentile £649 £622 £624
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 7 6
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £32.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.63% +82.86% -65.00%
10th Percentile £16.04 £17.18 £14.13
90th Percentile £109.50 £65.00 £23.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £18.99 £17.50
% change year-on-year +137.03% +8.49% -27.84%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 18,167 20,805 18,902
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.02% 20.84% 20.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,480 13,092 11,916
UK median daily rate £435 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.35% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £158 £185 £200
90th Percentile £625 £606 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £395 £400
% change year-on-year +1.27% -1.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,146 1,394 1,121
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.33 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.01% +5.00% -2.94%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £16.00 £15.50
% change year-on-year - +3.23% -6.06%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 20 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -33 275 £500 - 29
UK excluding London +17 155 £450 +5.88% 21
London -70 125 £520 -0.95% 11
South East +18 55 £388 -11.43% 2
North of England +36 36 £450 -2.70% 4
South West -20 24 £563 +40.87% 3
Midlands -2 21 £475 +11.76% 2
West Midlands 0 18 £450 +5.88% 2
North West +27 17 £450 -2.70% 2
Yorkshire +27 16 £475 +2.70%
East of England -16 14 £180 -64.00% 7
Scotland +23 4 £525 - 2
East Midlands +10 3 £475 +18.75%
North East - 3 £400 - 2
Wales +4 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 20 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 284 (100.00%) Linux
2 131 (46.13%) DevOps
3 115 (40.49%) Docker
4 105 (36.97%) Python
5 100 (35.21%) Amazon AWS
6 94 (33.10%) CentOS
7 93 (32.75%) Git (software)
8 90 (31.69%) Ansible
9 89 (31.34%) Jenkins
10 84 (29.58%) Agile Software Development
11 83 (29.23%) Windows
12 80 (28.17%) Bash Shell
13 78 (27.46%) Configuration Management
14 70 (24.65%) Java
15 62 (21.83%) MongoDB
16 61 (21.48%) Microsoft Azure
16 61 (21.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 59 (20.77%) Puppet
18 56 (19.72%) Red Hat
19 54 (19.01%) MySQL
19 54 (19.01%) Security Cleared
19 54 (19.01%) Kubernetes
20 52 (18.31%) Ruby
21 51 (17.96%) Terraform
22 49 (17.25%) VMware
23 47 (16.55%) GitHub
24 46 (16.20%) SQL
25 45 (15.85%) Apache
25 45 (15.85%) Active Directory
25 45 (15.85%) Firewall

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (15.85%) Apache
2 31 (10.92%) Tomcat
3 30 (10.56%) Elasticsearch
3 30 (10.56%) nginx
4 17 (5.99%) Confluence
5 15 (5.28%) JBoss
6 13 (4.58%) Apache Solr
7 12 (4.23%) WebLogic
8 11 (3.87%) IIS
9 10 (3.52%) MS Exchange
10 5 (1.76%) OpenStack
11 3 (1.06%) Cloud Foundry
11 3 (1.06%) Drupal
11 3 (1.06%) WebSphere
11 3 (1.06%) WordPress
12 2 (0.70%) Jetty
12 2 (0.70%) Mongrel
12 2 (0.70%) Skype for Business
12 2 (0.70%) WildFly
13 1 (0.35%) GlassFish
Applications
1 1 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 1 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (1.06%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.70%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.35%) Oracle Cash Management
3 1 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 100 (35.21%) Amazon AWS
2 61 (21.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 47 (16.55%) GitHub
4 42 (14.79%) Amazon EC2
5 27 (9.51%) Amazon S3
5 27 (9.51%) AWS CloudFormation
6 21 (7.39%) AWS Lambda
6 21 (7.39%) Office 365
6 21 (7.39%) Serverless
7 18 (6.34%) Google Cloud Platform
8 16 (5.63%) Amazon ECS
9 13 (4.58%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 13 (4.58%) Amazon SQS
9 13 (4.58%) Google Analytics
10 11 (3.87%) IaaS
11 10 (3.52%) SaaS
12 8 (2.82%) PaaS
12 8 (2.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 7 (2.46%) OpenShift
14 6 (2.11%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 45 (15.85%) Firewall
2 43 (15.14%) TCP/IP
3 23 (8.10%) DNS
4 19 (6.69%) HTTP
5 18 (6.34%) SSL
6 16 (5.63%) LAN
6 16 (5.63%) WAN
7 12 (4.23%) Internet
7 12 (4.23%) SAN
7 12 (4.23%) VPN
8 8 (2.82%) DHCP
8 8 (2.82%) VLAN
9 6 (2.11%) MPLS
9 6 (2.11%) Network Security
10 4 (1.41%) Cisco ASA
10 4 (1.41%) iSCSI
10 4 (1.41%) SNMP
10 4 (1.41%) VSAN
10 4 (1.41%) VXLAN
10 4 (1.41%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 62 (21.83%) MongoDB
2 54 (19.01%) MySQL
3 24 (8.45%) NoSQL
4 23 (8.10%) SQL Server
5 21 (7.39%) PostgreSQL
6 16 (5.63%) Big Data
7 12 (4.23%) Hadoop
8 11 (3.87%) Amazon RDS
9 6 (2.11%) HBase
9 6 (2.11%) Redis
10 5 (1.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 5 (1.76%) Azure SQL Database
10 5 (1.76%) MariaDB
11 4 (1.41%) Cloudera CDH
12 3 (1.06%) Apache Cassandra
12 3 (1.06%) DB2
12 3 (1.06%) Oracle Database
13 2 (0.70%) MemSQL
13 2 (0.70%) RDBMS
13 2 (0.70%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 93 (32.75%) Git (software)
2 89 (31.34%) Jenkins
3 37 (13.03%) Selenium
4 29 (10.21%) Cucumber
5 26 (9.15%) JIRA
6 25 (8.80%) Subversion
7 24 (8.45%) Maven
8 21 (7.39%) Ant
9 15 (5.28%) Bitbucket
9 15 (5.28%) JUnit
10 14 (4.93%) Grunt
10 14 (4.93%) IntelliJ
11 13 (4.58%) Eclipse
11 13 (4.58%) Gatling
11 13 (4.58%) gulp
11 13 (4.58%) Sublime Text
12 12 (4.23%) EasyMock
12 12 (4.23%) Karma Test Runner
12 12 (4.23%) Mockito
13 11 (3.87%) GitLab
General
1 22 (7.75%) Finance
2 9 (3.17%) Financial Institution
3 7 (2.46%) Back Office
4 6 (2.11%) Telecoms
5 5 (1.76%) Marketing
6 4 (1.41%) Electronics
6 4 (1.41%) Manufacturing
6 4 (1.41%) Retail
7 3 (1.06%) Games
7 3 (1.06%) Law
8 1 (0.35%) Banking
8 1 (0.35%) Mandarin Language
8 1 (0.35%) Military
Job Titles
1 54 (19.01%) DevOps Engineer
2 44 (15.49%) Developer
3 37 (13.03%) Administrator
4 34 (11.97%) Linux Engineer
5 33 (11.62%) Systems Administrator
6 28 (9.86%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 24 (8.45%) Linux Administrator
8 22 (7.75%) Linux Systems Administrator
9 18 (6.34%) Architect
10 17 (5.99%) Java Developer
11 15 (5.28%) Cloud Engineer
11 15 (5.28%) Senior Developer
11 15 (5.28%) Software Engineer
12 14 (4.93%) AWS Engineer
13 12 (4.23%) Senior Java Developer
14 10 (3.52%) Senior Software Engineer
14 10 (3.52%) Support Engineer
15 9 (3.17%) Scala Developer
15 9 (3.17%) Systems Engineer
16 8 (2.82%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (12.68%) Node.js
2 34 (11.97%) Spring
3 32 (11.27%) HTML
4 29 (10.21%) CSS
5 28 (9.86%) HTML5
6 27 (9.51%) jQuery
7 26 (9.15%) AngularJS
8 24 (8.45%) Hibernate
9 23 (8.10%) Elastic Stack
10 20 (7.04%) JSON
11 18 (6.34%) .NET
12 16 (5.63%) Kafka
12 16 (5.63%) Servlets
13 15 (5.28%) Gherkin
13 15 (5.28%) REST
14 14 (4.93%) CSS3
14 14 (4.93%) Play Framework
15 13 (4.58%) XML
16 12 (4.23%) EJB
16 12 (4.23%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 16 (5.63%) Public Cloud
2 15 (5.28%) Clustering
3 14 (4.93%) Device Driver
4 13 (4.58%) Data Centre
5 12 (4.23%) Embedded Systems
5 12 (4.23%) PKI
5 12 (4.23%) User Experience
6 10 (3.52%) Management Information System
7 9 (3.17%) Hedge funds
8 6 (2.11%) Fat Client
8 6 (2.11%) Thin Client
9 4 (1.41%) Cloud Native
9 4 (1.41%) Private Cloud
9 4 (1.41%) Smartcard
10 3 (1.06%) Self-Motivation
10 3 (1.06%) Virtual Team
11 2 (0.70%) Analytical Skills
11 2 (0.70%) Enterprise Cloud
11 2 (0.70%) Greenfield Project
11 2 (0.70%) Smart Home
Operating Systems
1 284 (100.00%) Linux
2 94 (33.10%) CentOS
3 83 (29.23%) Windows
4 61 (21.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 42 (14.79%) Debian
6 37 (13.03%) Windows Server
7 36 (12.68%) Unix
8 16 (5.63%) Mac OS
9 15 (5.28%) Windows Server 2012
10 10 (3.52%) Solaris
10 10 (3.52%) Windows 10
11 9 (3.17%) Fedora
11 9 (3.17%) Windows Server 2008
12 8 (2.82%) Windows 7
13 6 (2.11%) Mac OS X
13 6 (2.11%) SUSE
14 5 (1.76%) CoreOS
15 3 (1.06%) openSUSE
15 3 (1.06%) VMS
15 3 (1.06%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 131 (46.13%) DevOps
2 84 (29.58%) Agile Software Development
3 78 (27.46%) Configuration Management
4 44 (15.49%) Continuous Integration
5 39 (13.73%) Analytics
6 37 (13.03%) Open Source
7 36 (12.68%) Problem-Solving
8 32 (11.27%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 28 (9.86%) Test Automation
10 27 (9.51%) Infrastructure as Code
11 26 (9.15%) ITIL
11 26 (9.15%) Scrum
11 26 (9.15%) Software Engineering
12 25 (8.80%) Immutable Infrastructure
13 20 (7.04%) Kanban
13 20 (7.04%) Microservices
14 19 (6.69%) Site Reliability Engineering
14 19 (6.69%) TDD
15 18 (6.34%) Migration
16 17 (5.99%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 105 (36.97%) Python
2 80 (28.17%) Bash Shell
3 70 (24.65%) Java
4 52 (18.31%) Ruby
5 46 (16.20%) SQL
6 29 (10.21%) JavaScript
7 28 (9.86%) C#
8 27 (9.51%) Go
9 26 (9.15%) Perl
10 22 (7.75%) C++
11 21 (7.39%) PowerShell
12 15 (5.28%) Groovy
12 15 (5.28%) Scala
13 14 (4.93%) PHP
14 12 (4.23%) Haskell
14 12 (4.23%) Java 8
15 10 (3.52%) C
16 8 (2.82%) Shell Script
17 4 (1.41%) VB.NET
18 3 (1.06%) ES6
Qualifications
1 54 (19.01%) Security Cleared
2 44 (15.49%) SC Cleared
3 13 (4.58%) Degree
4 6 (2.11%) Microsoft Certification
5 5 (1.76%) AWS Certification
6 4 (1.41%) DV Cleared
7 3 (1.06%) Computer Science Degree
7 3 (1.06%) MCSA
8 2 (0.70%) CISSP
8 2 (0.70%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 2 (0.70%) MCSE
9 1 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.35%) CCNA
9 1 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.35%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.35%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.35%) RHCE
9 1 (0.35%) RHCSA
9 1 (0.35%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (2.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 4 (1.41%) GDPR
3 3 (1.06%) COBIT
3 3 (1.06%) NIST
4 2 (0.70%) SLA
5 1 (0.35%) MISRA
5 1 (0.35%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.35%) QA
System Software
1 115 (40.49%) Docker
2 45 (15.85%) Active Directory
3 43 (15.14%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (6.69%) vSphere
5 14 (4.93%) LXC
6 13 (4.58%) Hyper-V
7 11 (3.87%) KVM
8 8 (2.82%) VMware ESXi
9 7 (2.46%) HDFS
9 7 (2.46%) NFS
10 6 (2.11%) Squid
11 4 (1.41%) ISA Server
11 4 (1.41%) Postfix
11 4 (1.41%) Virtual Machines
11 4 (1.41%) VirtualBox
11 4 (1.41%) Xen
12 3 (1.06%) BIND 9
12 3 (1.06%) Terminal Server
12 3 (1.06%) XenApp
13 2 (0.70%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 90 (31.69%) Ansible
2 59 (20.77%) Puppet
3 54 (19.01%) Kubernetes
4 51 (17.96%) Terraform
5 30 (10.56%) Grafana
6 29 (10.21%) Nagios
7 28 (9.86%) Prometheus
8 26 (9.15%) Opscode Chef
9 20 (7.04%) vCenter Server
10 17 (5.99%) Icinga
11 16 (5.63%) Kibana
12 14 (4.93%) Packer
13 12 (4.23%) Graphite
14 10 (3.52%) HAProxy
15 7 (2.46%) Docker Swarm
15 7 (2.46%) Norton AntiVirus
15 7 (2.46%) Sysdig
16 6 (2.11%) SCCM
17 5 (1.76%) WSUS
17 5 (1.76%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 56 (19.72%) Red Hat
2 49 (17.25%) VMware
3 44 (15.49%) Google
3 44 (15.49%) Microsoft
4 18 (6.34%) Oracle
5 15 (5.28%) Atlassian
5 15 (5.28%) Cisco
6 14 (4.93%) HP
7 12 (4.23%) Splunk
8 11 (3.87%) Adobe
9 10 (3.52%) Dell
9 10 (3.52%) NetApp
10 9 (3.17%) Symantec
10 9 (3.17%) webMethods
11 7 (2.46%) EMC
12 6 (2.11%) New Relic
13 5 (1.76%) AppDynamics
13 5 (1.76%) Citrix
13 5 (1.76%) Dynatrace
13 5 (1.76%) Qualys