Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 527 468 549
Rank change year-on-year -59 +81 -35
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 384 488 380
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.37% 0.46% 0.34%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.78% 2.15% 1.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 286 354 267
UK median daily rate £463 £458 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.09% +7.65% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £300
90th Percentile £625 £588 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £416 £310
% change year-on-year -3.73% +34.03% -13.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 8 11
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £17.00 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +47.06% -55.84% +28.33%
10th Percentile £17.00 £12.11 £18.50
90th Percentile £68.15 £43.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £18.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year +19.44% -53.25% -58.93%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21602 22697 24137
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.94% 21.53% 21.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 13731 14304 14225
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £393
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +1.91% +4.67%
10th Percentile £170 £200 £185
90th Percentile £600 £575 £556
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £370 £360
% change year-on-year +1.35% +2.78% +7.46%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1307 1310 1932
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.25 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.69% -1.52% +4.10%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.63 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £43.75 £42.46
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £15.26 £16.16
% change year-on-year +8.13% -5.57% +4.26%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -63 375 £463 +2.21% 69
London -66 217 £513 +2.50% 28
UK excluding London -18 164 £400 -3.73% 45
South East +22 77 £400 -4.42% 16
North of England +21 36 £420 -1.18% 10
North West +13 25 £425 - 7
South West +16 19 £400 -22.89% 3
East of England -16 15 £375 +7.14% 10
Midlands +4 14 £388 -3.13% 3
Yorkshire -27 9 £420 -1.18% 3
East Midlands -15 8 £375 - 1
West Midlands +18 6 £488 +22.06% 2
Scotland - 6 £363 - 4
North East +68 2 £325 -

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 384 (100.00%) Linux
2 193 (50.26%) DevOps
3 179 (46.61%) CentOS
4 167 (43.49%) Python
5 137 (35.68%) Puppet
6 135 (35.16%) Agile Software Development
6 135 (35.16%) Docker
7 133 (34.64%) Red Hat
8 132 (34.38%) Amazon AWS
9 129 (33.59%) Git (software)
10 124 (32.29%) Ansible
11 121 (31.51%) Bash Shell
12 118 (30.73%) Jenkins
13 111 (28.91%) VMware
14 104 (27.08%) MySQL
15 101 (26.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 94 (24.48%) Java
17 83 (21.61%) Configuration Management
17 83 (21.61%) MongoDB
18 76 (19.79%) Ruby
19 75 (19.53%) Windows
20 70 (18.23%) VMware Infrastructure
21 69 (17.97%) Continuous Integration
22 60 (15.63%) Unix
22 60 (15.63%) Security Cleared
23 57 (14.84%) Debian
24 56 (14.58%) SC Cleared
25 55 (14.32%) Terraform
26 53 (13.80%) Scrum
26 53 (13.80%) Open Source

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (13.54%) Apache
2 51 (13.28%) nginx
3 47 (12.24%) Tomcat
4 38 (9.90%) OpenStack
5 27 (7.03%) Elasticsearch
6 21 (5.47%) Apache Spark
6 21 (5.47%) Confluence
7 10 (2.60%) Jetty
8 8 (2.08%) JBoss
9 7 (1.82%) IIS
9 7 (1.82%) WebSphere
10 4 (1.04%) Apache Solr
10 4 (1.04%) CMS
10 4 (1.04%) SAS
10 4 (1.04%) WordPress
11 3 (0.78%) Drupal
11 3 (0.78%) MS Exchange
11 3 (0.78%) WebLogic
11 3 (0.78%) WildFly
12 2 (0.52%) MediaWiki
Applications
1 4 (1.04%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 1 (0.26%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.26%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.26%) Stata
Business Applications
1 1 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 132 (34.38%) Amazon AWS
2 34 (8.85%) Microsoft Azure
3 31 (8.07%) GitHub
4 27 (7.03%) AWS CloudFormation
5 25 (6.51%) Amazon EC2
6 18 (4.69%) Amazon S3
7 14 (3.65%) Google Cloud Platform
8 13 (3.39%) Route 53
9 10 (2.60%) AWS Lambda
9 10 (2.60%) Serverless
10 8 (2.08%) IaaS
11 7 (1.82%) Google Analytics
12 6 (1.56%) Amazon ELB
12 6 (1.56%) Amazon SQS
12 6 (1.56%) Cloud Computing
12 6 (1.56%) PaaS
12 6 (1.56%) Rackspace Cloud
13 5 (1.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 5 (1.30%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 3 (0.78%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 43 (11.20%) Firewall
2 42 (10.94%) HTTP
3 39 (10.16%) LDAP
4 38 (9.90%) TCP/IP
5 31 (8.07%) DNS
5 31 (8.07%) SSL
6 16 (4.17%) VPN
7 10 (2.60%) SAN
8 9 (2.34%) SSH
8 9 (2.34%) Wireless
9 8 (2.08%) Network Security
10 7 (1.82%) NAS
11 6 (1.56%) HTTPS
12 5 (1.30%) DHCP
12 5 (1.30%) FTP
12 5 (1.30%) Junos
12 5 (1.30%) LAN
12 5 (1.30%) Reverse Proxy
12 5 (1.30%) SMS
12 5 (1.30%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 104 (27.08%) MySQL
2 83 (21.61%) MongoDB
3 47 (12.24%) PostgreSQL
4 35 (9.11%) Hadoop
5 31 (8.07%) Big Data
6 20 (5.21%) NoSQL
7 18 (4.69%) SQL Server
8 17 (4.43%) Apache Hive
9 16 (4.17%) HBase
10 13 (3.39%) Redis
10 13 (3.39%) Sqoop
11 12 (3.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 12 (3.13%) IBM BigInsights
12 7 (1.82%) Relational Database
13 6 (1.56%) Amazon RDS
13 6 (1.56%) Amazon Redshift
13 6 (1.56%) Apache Cassandra
14 2 (0.52%) Azure SQL Database
14 2 (0.52%) Blockchain
14 2 (0.52%) Impala
Development Applications
1 129 (33.59%) Git (software)
2 118 (30.73%) Jenkins
3 42 (10.94%) Maven
4 34 (8.85%) JIRA
4 34 (8.85%) Vagrant
5 15 (3.91%) Subversion
6 13 (3.39%) Ant
6 13 (3.39%) Team Foundation Server
7 12 (3.13%) GitLab
7 12 (3.13%) Selenium
8 11 (2.86%) Cucumber
8 11 (2.86%) Eclipse
9 10 (2.60%) IntelliJ
9 10 (2.60%) TeamCity
10 9 (2.34%) Bitbucket
11 8 (2.08%) Grunt
12 7 (1.82%) Gatling
12 7 (1.82%) gulp
12 7 (1.82%) Karma Test Runner
12 7 (1.82%) Sublime Text
General
1 27 (7.03%) Finance
2 24 (6.25%) Telecoms
3 8 (2.08%) Marketing
4 7 (1.82%) Manufacturing
5 5 (1.30%) Electronics
6 4 (1.04%) Banking
7 3 (0.78%) Financial Institution
7 3 (0.78%) Investment Banking
8 2 (0.52%) Advertising
8 2 (0.52%) Publishing
9 1 (0.26%) Front Office
9 1 (0.26%) Retail
Job Titles
1 144 (37.50%) DevOps Engineer
2 83 (21.61%) Linux Engineer
3 69 (17.97%) Administrator
4 55 (14.32%) Developer
5 50 (13.02%) Linux/Unix DevOps
6 49 (12.76%) Linux DevOps Engineer
7 47 (12.24%) Systems Administrator
8 44 (11.46%) Linux Administrator
9 38 (9.90%) Linux Systems Administrator
10 30 (7.81%) AWS Engineer
11 29 (7.55%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 28 (7.29%) Java Developer
13 27 (7.03%) AWS DevOps
14 25 (6.51%) Systems Engineer
15 24 (6.25%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 23 (5.99%) Senior DevOps
17 21 (5.47%) Senior DevOps Engineer
18 19 (4.95%) Linux Systems Engineer
18 19 (4.95%) VMware Engineer
19 17 (4.43%) Senior Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (9.38%) HTML
1 36 (9.38%) Web Services
2 31 (8.07%) Kafka
3 27 (7.03%) AngularJS
3 27 (7.03%) REST
4 25 (6.51%) Spring
5 24 (6.25%) Node.js
6 23 (5.99%) ActiveMQ
6 23 (5.99%) Elastic Stack
7 21 (5.47%) RabbitMQ
8 20 (5.21%) HTML5
8 20 (5.21%) LEMP Stack
9 18 (4.69%) CSS
10 16 (4.17%) React
10 16 (4.17%) Spring Boot
11 14 (3.65%) MCollective
11 14 (3.65%) XML
12 13 (3.39%) LAMP
12 13 (3.39%) Servlets
13 11 (2.86%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 26 (6.77%) Device Driver
2 18 (4.69%) Greenfield Project
3 14 (3.65%) Data Centre
3 14 (3.65%) Linux Command Line
4 12 (3.13%) Replication
5 9 (2.34%) Clustering
6 7 (1.82%) Spread Betting
7 6 (1.56%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
8 5 (1.30%) Algorithms
8 5 (1.30%) Analytical Skills
8 5 (1.30%) Embedded Systems
8 5 (1.30%) Mobile App
8 5 (1.30%) Verilog
9 4 (1.04%) Computer Science
9 4 (1.04%) Private Cloud
10 3 (0.78%) Enterprise Storage
10 3 (0.78%) Fintech
10 3 (0.78%) Hedge funds
10 3 (0.78%) User Experience
11 2 (0.52%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 384 (100.00%) Linux
2 179 (46.61%) CentOS
3 101 (26.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 75 (19.53%) Windows
5 60 (15.63%) Unix
6 57 (14.84%) Debian
7 35 (9.11%) Windows Server
8 12 (3.13%) Solaris
9 11 (2.86%) Windows Server 2012
10 9 (2.34%) CoreOS
10 9 (2.34%) SUSE
10 9 (2.34%) Windows 7
11 8 (2.08%) Mac OS
11 8 (2.08%) Windows 10
12 7 (1.82%) Fedora
13 6 (1.56%) Amazon Linux
14 5 (1.30%) Android
14 5 (1.30%) Apple iOS
15 4 (1.04%) AIX
15 4 (1.04%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 193 (50.26%) DevOps
2 135 (35.16%) Agile Software Development
3 83 (21.61%) Configuration Management
4 69 (17.97%) Continuous Integration
5 53 (13.80%) Open Source
5 53 (13.80%) Scrum
6 41 (10.68%) Continuous Delivery
7 27 (7.03%) Test Automation
8 26 (6.77%) Analytics
9 24 (6.25%) High Availability
10 21 (5.47%) Immutable Infrastructure
11 20 (5.21%) Software Engineering
12 17 (4.43%) Kanban
12 17 (4.43%) Mentoring
13 16 (4.17%) TDD
14 15 (3.91%) Continuous Improvement
14 15 (3.91%) Server Building
15 14 (3.65%) Build Automation
15 14 (3.65%) MapReduce
16 12 (3.13%) Resource Allocation
Programming Languages
1 167 (43.49%) Python
2 121 (31.51%) Bash Shell
3 94 (24.48%) Java
4 76 (19.79%) Ruby
5 49 (12.76%) SQL
6 43 (11.20%) JavaScript
7 41 (10.68%) Go
8 33 (8.59%) Perl
9 20 (5.21%) PHP
10 14 (3.65%) C
10 14 (3.65%) PowerShell
11 12 (3.13%) C#
11 12 (3.13%) C++
12 11 (2.86%) Scala
12 11 (2.86%) Shell Script
13 9 (2.34%) Groovy
14 7 (1.82%) Haskell
15 6 (1.56%) R
16 5 (1.30%) Clojure
17 2 (0.52%) AWK
Qualifications
1 60 (15.63%) Security Cleared
2 56 (14.58%) SC Cleared
3 5 (1.30%) Degree
4 4 (1.04%) Microsoft Certification
4 4 (1.04%) RHCE
5 3 (0.78%) MCSE
6 2 (0.52%) A+ Certification
6 2 (0.52%) AWS Certification
6 2 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.26%) CCNA
7 1 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
7 1 (0.26%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.26%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.26%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 1 (0.26%) MCDBA
7 1 (0.26%) MCP
7 1 (0.26%) MCPD
7 1 (0.26%) MCSD
7 1 (0.26%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (5.73%) QA
2 16 (4.17%) Disclosure Scotland
3 5 (1.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 5 (1.30%) PCI DSS
4 4 (1.04%) PA-DSS
4 4 (1.04%) SLA
5 1 (0.26%) GCP
5 1 (0.26%) PMO
System Software
1 135 (35.16%) Docker
2 70 (18.23%) VMware Infrastructure
3 37 (9.64%) KVM
4 31 (8.07%) VMware ESXi
5 24 (6.25%) vCloud
6 17 (4.43%) Virtual Machines
7 16 (4.17%) LXC
8 15 (3.91%) HDFS
9 14 (3.65%) Active Directory
9 14 (3.65%) Apache Flume
10 10 (2.60%) Samba
11 7 (1.82%) NFS
11 7 (1.82%) Xen
12 6 (1.56%) vSphere
13 5 (1.30%) iptables
14 4 (1.04%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 4 (1.04%) Firmware
15 3 (0.78%) Oracle RAC
15 3 (0.78%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 3 (0.78%) Veritas File System
Systems Management
1 137 (35.68%) Puppet
2 124 (32.29%) Ansible
3 55 (14.32%) Terraform
4 45 (11.72%) Opscode Chef
5 42 (10.94%) Nagios
6 36 (9.38%) Kubernetes
7 32 (8.33%) Grafana
8 31 (8.07%) Icinga
9 30 (7.81%) Packer
10 23 (5.99%) Prometheus
11 21 (5.47%) Galera Cluster
11 21 (5.47%) ZABBIX
12 15 (3.91%) Kibana
13 14 (3.65%) Ambari
14 13 (3.39%) Hadoop YARN
14 13 (3.39%) yum
15 12 (3.13%) Control-M
16 11 (2.86%) HAProxy
17 10 (2.60%) logstash
17 10 (2.60%) Salt
Vendors
1 133 (34.64%) Red Hat
2 111 (28.91%) VMware
3 32 (8.33%) SaltStack
4 25 (6.51%) Google
5 24 (6.25%) Microsoft
6 16 (4.17%) Atlassian
7 13 (3.39%) NetApp
8 12 (3.13%) Cisco
8 12 (3.13%) IBM
8 12 (3.13%) Splunk
9 11 (2.86%) New Relic
10 8 (2.08%) AppDynamics
10 8 (2.08%) Oracle
11 7 (1.82%) Citrix
11 7 (1.82%) Cloudera
11 7 (1.82%) EMC
11 7 (1.82%) PagerDuty
11 7 (1.82%) Rackspace
12 6 (1.56%) Veritas
13 5 (1.30%) Hortonworks