Period
to 16 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 16 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
16 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 507 486 512
Rank change year-on-year -21 +26 +46
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 427 414 440
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.42% 0.43% 0.40%
As % of the Operating Systems category 2.00% 2.09% 1.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 307 321 321
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% - +13.92%
10th Percentile £362 £325 £325
90th Percentile £625 £625 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £401 £400
% change year-on-year +6.12% +0.13% +29.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 5 8
UK median hourly rate £32.00 £17.58 £26.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +82.03% -34.28% -40.56%
10th Percentile £20.53 £16.25 £9.91
90th Percentile £62.50 £41.65 £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £17.58 £26.75
% change year-on-year +27.99% -34.28% -40.56%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21,297 19,825 24,312
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.82% 20.72% 22.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,273 12,473 15,329
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £178 £190 £209
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £390 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +0.65% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,466 1,140 1,300
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.00 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +3.03% -
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.75 £10.61
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.83 £43.78
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £15.91 £16.50
% change year-on-year +3.69% -3.56% +3.13%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 16 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -54 412 £500 +11.11% 134
London +28 246 £550 +7.32% 65
UK excluding London -54 175 £425 +6.12% 77
South East -49 70 £500 +24.84% 22
Midlands +19 50 £425 +6.25% 7
West Midlands -2 32 £425 +21.43% 4
North of England -29 24 £463 +15.63% 15
East Midlands +4 18 £400 - 3
Yorkshire -14 13 £411 -2.08% 3
East of England -17 13 £501 +5.37% 17
North West -30 11 £463 +15.63% 9
South West -16 9 £440 +4.65% 8
Scotland -32 5 - - 5
Wales - 4 £525 - 3

For the 6 months to 16 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 427 (100.00%) Linux
2 253 (59.25%) Docker
3 238 (55.74%) Python
4 233 (54.57%) DevOps
5 198 (46.37%) Jenkins
6 191 (44.73%) Agile Software Development
7 171 (40.05%) CentOS
8 165 (38.64%) Git (software)
9 161 (37.70%) Ansible
10 157 (36.77%) Puppet
11 150 (35.13%) Red Hat
12 143 (33.49%) Java
13 141 (33.02%) Windows
13 141 (33.02%) Amazon AWS
14 140 (32.79%) Bash Shell
15 123 (28.81%) Continuous Integration
16 113 (26.46%) MongoDB
17 107 (25.06%) Google
18 106 (24.82%) Configuration Management
19 99 (23.19%) Terraform
20 97 (22.72%) Kubernetes
21 92 (21.55%) Grafana
21 92 (21.55%) Open Source
22 91 (21.31%) GitHub
22 91 (21.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
23 90 (21.08%) nginx
24 89 (20.84%) JavaScript
25 88 (20.61%) Test Automation
26 87 (20.37%) Ruby
26 87 (20.37%) VMware

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 90 (21.08%) nginx
2 80 (18.74%) Apache
3 63 (14.75%) Tomcat
4 31 (7.26%) Confluence
4 31 (7.26%) Elasticsearch
5 23 (5.39%) JBoss
6 21 (4.92%) IIS
6 21 (4.92%) OpenStack
7 20 (4.68%) Jetty
8 18 (4.22%) Apache Spark
9 14 (3.28%) Gunicorn
10 12 (2.81%) WebLogic
11 10 (2.34%) CMS
11 10 (2.34%) Drupal
12 9 (2.11%) WildFly
13 7 (1.64%) Mongrel
13 7 (1.64%) MS Exchange
13 7 (1.64%) WebSphere
14 5 (1.17%) Apache Solr
14 5 (1.17%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 4 (0.94%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.23%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 3 (0.70%) Towers Watson Igloo
2 2 (0.47%) BusinessWorks
2 2 (0.47%) Oracle Cash Management
3 1 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.23%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 141 (33.02%) Amazon AWS
2 91 (21.31%) GitHub
3 70 (16.39%) Microsoft Azure
4 45 (10.54%) AWS CloudFormation
5 39 (9.13%) Google Analytics
5 39 (9.13%) Google Cloud Platform
6 34 (7.96%) Amazon EC2
7 31 (7.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 30 (7.03%) Datadog
9 23 (5.39%) Route 53
10 22 (5.15%) Serverless
11 17 (3.98%) AWS Lambda
11 17 (3.98%) Cloud Computing
12 16 (3.75%) Amazon S3
13 15 (3.51%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 10 (2.34%) Amazon ELB
14 10 (2.34%) SaaS
15 9 (2.11%) OpenShift
16 8 (1.87%) Office 365
17 7 (1.64%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 67 (15.69%) TCP/IP
2 66 (15.46%) HTTP
3 48 (11.24%) SSL
4 42 (9.84%) Firewall
5 22 (5.15%) VPN
6 20 (4.68%) DNS
7 19 (4.45%) Kerberos
8 11 (2.58%) DHCP
8 11 (2.58%) SSH
9 10 (2.34%) Reverse Proxy
10 8 (1.87%) Internet
10 8 (1.87%) Network Security
10 8 (1.87%) SAN
11 7 (1.64%) Junos
11 7 (1.64%) LAN
11 7 (1.64%) NAS
11 7 (1.64%) VLAN
12 6 (1.41%) OpenVPN
13 5 (1.17%) MPLS
13 5 (1.17%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 113 (26.46%) MongoDB
2 68 (15.93%) NoSQL
3 61 (14.29%) MySQL
4 53 (12.41%) PostgreSQL
5 32 (7.49%) SQL Server
6 29 (6.79%) Big Data
7 23 (5.39%) Hadoop
8 16 (3.75%) Amazon RDS
9 14 (3.28%) Apache Cassandra
10 12 (2.81%) Relational Database
11 10 (2.34%) Amazon Redshift
11 10 (2.34%) Redis
12 9 (2.11%) Data Mining
13 7 (1.64%) Neo4j
13 7 (1.64%) SQLite
14 6 (1.41%) Oracle Database
14 6 (1.41%) RDBMS
15 5 (1.17%) HBase
16 4 (0.94%) InterSystems Cache
17 3 (0.70%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 198 (46.37%) Jenkins
2 165 (38.64%) Git (software)
3 68 (15.93%) Selenium
4 55 (12.88%) Cucumber
5 46 (10.77%) Ant
5 46 (10.77%) Gatling
6 45 (10.54%) IntelliJ
7 44 (10.30%) Artifactory
7 44 (10.30%) JIRA
8 42 (9.84%) Bitbucket
9 36 (8.43%) Maven
9 36 (8.43%) Vagrant
10 34 (7.96%) JUnit
11 33 (7.73%) GitLab
12 30 (7.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 29 (6.79%) gulp
14 27 (6.32%) Grunt
14 27 (6.32%) Karma Test Runner
14 27 (6.32%) Sublime Text
15 26 (6.09%) Travis CI
General
1 19 (4.45%) Finance
2 13 (3.04%) Banking
2 13 (3.04%) Telecoms
3 7 (1.64%) Law
3 7 (1.64%) Legal
4 4 (0.94%) Marketing
4 4 (0.94%) Retail
5 3 (0.70%) Games
5 3 (0.70%) Investment Banking
5 3 (0.70%) Publishing
6 2 (0.47%) Electronics
6 2 (0.47%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.23%) Advertising
7 1 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 148 (34.66%) DevOps Engineer
2 105 (24.59%) Developer
3 51 (11.94%) Linux Engineer
4 40 (9.37%) Administrator
5 36 (8.43%) Linux Administrator
5 36 (8.43%) Systems Administrator
6 33 (7.73%) Linux Systems Administrator
7 30 (7.03%) Java Developer
8 26 (6.09%) Scala Developer
9 25 (5.85%) AWS DevOps
9 25 (5.85%) AWS Engineer
10 23 (5.39%) Linux/Unix DevOps
10 23 (5.39%) Systems Engineer
11 21 (4.92%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 19 (4.45%) Operations Engineer
12 19 (4.45%) Python Developer
13 18 (4.22%) Linux Systems Engineer
14 17 (3.98%) Consultant
15 16 (3.75%) Architect
15 16 (3.75%) Linux DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 74 (17.33%) Node.js
2 59 (13.82%) Gherkin
3 52 (12.18%) Elastic Stack
4 51 (11.94%) XML
5 49 (11.48%) Kafka
5 49 (11.48%) REST
5 49 (11.48%) Servlets
6 48 (11.24%) LDAP
7 44 (10.30%) CSS
8 40 (9.37%) JSON
9 37 (8.67%) jQuery
10 36 (8.43%) AngularJS
10 36 (8.43%) HTML
11 35 (8.20%) Spring
12 30 (7.03%) Play Framework
13 22 (5.15%) LAMP
13 22 (5.15%) RabbitMQ
14 21 (4.92%) React
15 20 (4.68%) Web Services
16 18 (4.22%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 36 (8.43%) Device Driver
2 34 (7.96%) Linux Command Line
3 21 (4.92%) Analytical Skills
4 15 (3.51%) Clustering
4 15 (3.51%) User Experience
5 14 (3.28%) Public Cloud
6 13 (3.04%) Replication
6 13 (3.04%) Smart Home
7 9 (2.11%) Greenfield Project
8 8 (1.87%) PKI
9 7 (1.64%) Algorithms
10 6 (1.41%) Data Centre
11 5 (1.17%) Mobile App
11 5 (1.17%) Self-Motivation
12 4 (0.94%) Computer Science
13 3 (0.70%) Cybercrime
13 3 (0.70%) Derivative
13 3 (0.70%) Digital Media
13 3 (0.70%) Enterprise Storage
13 3 (0.70%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 427 (100.00%) Linux
2 171 (40.05%) CentOS
3 141 (33.02%) Windows
4 91 (21.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 77 (18.03%) Unix
6 53 (12.41%) Windows Server
7 41 (9.60%) Debian
8 29 (6.79%) Windows Server 2008
9 21 (4.92%) DC/OS
10 13 (3.04%) CoreOS
11 12 (2.81%) SUSE
12 11 (2.58%) Windows Server 2012
13 10 (2.34%) Windows 10
14 9 (2.11%) Fedora
14 9 (2.11%) Mac OS X
14 9 (2.11%) Windows 7
15 8 (1.87%) Android
16 5 (1.17%) Apple iOS
17 4 (0.94%) Amazon Linux
17 4 (0.94%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 233 (54.57%) DevOps
2 191 (44.73%) Agile Software Development
3 123 (28.81%) Continuous Integration
4 106 (24.82%) Configuration Management
5 92 (21.55%) Open Source
6 88 (20.61%) Test Automation
7 61 (14.29%) Analytics
8 54 (12.65%) Problem-Solving
9 45 (10.54%) Immutable Infrastructure
10 38 (8.90%) Scrum
11 37 (8.67%) Continuous Delivery
12 36 (8.43%) Microservices
13 32 (7.49%) Site Reliability Engineering
14 31 (7.26%) High Availability
15 29 (6.79%) Continuous Improvement
15 29 (6.79%) Mentoring
16 28 (6.56%) SDLC
17 23 (5.39%) Migration
18 22 (5.15%) Software Engineering
19 19 (4.45%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 238 (55.74%) Python
2 143 (33.49%) Java
3 140 (32.79%) Bash Shell
4 89 (20.84%) JavaScript
5 87 (20.37%) Ruby
6 86 (20.14%) Perl
7 64 (14.99%) SQL
8 55 (12.88%) Go
9 50 (11.71%) Scala
10 49 (11.48%) Groovy
11 44 (10.30%) C#
12 36 (8.43%) Haskell
13 32 (7.49%) PowerShell
14 27 (6.32%) Shell Script
15 19 (4.45%) C++
16 15 (3.51%) PHP
17 8 (1.87%) Java 8
18 5 (1.17%) PL/SQL
19 4 (0.94%) AWK
19 4 (0.94%) VBA
Qualifications
1 77 (18.03%) Security Cleared
2 72 (16.86%) SC Cleared
3 6 (1.41%) Degree
3 6 (1.41%) DV Cleared
4 3 (0.70%) AWS Certification
5 2 (0.47%) CISSP
5 2 (0.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.47%) MCSE
5 2 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (0.23%) A+ Certification
6 1 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.23%) CCNA
6 1 (0.23%) CIPD
6 1 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (5.62%) QA
2 15 (3.51%) GCP
3 5 (1.17%) TickIT
4 3 (0.70%) JSP 440
5 2 (0.47%) MiFID
5 2 (0.47%) SLA
System Software
1 253 (59.25%) Docker
2 53 (12.41%) VMware Infrastructure
3 36 (8.43%) Virtual Machines
4 29 (6.79%) VirtualBox
5 26 (6.09%) Active Directory
6 23 (5.39%) Hyper-V
7 14 (3.28%) KVM
8 13 (3.04%) Xen
9 12 (2.81%) LXC
10 10 (2.34%) iptables
11 9 (2.11%) NFS
11 9 (2.11%) VMware ESXi
11 9 (2.11%) vSphere
12 8 (1.87%) vCloud
13 6 (1.41%) XenApp
14 5 (1.17%) Squid
15 4 (0.94%) HDFS
15 4 (0.94%) Samba
15 4 (0.94%) XenDesktop
16 3 (0.70%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 161 (37.70%) Ansible
2 157 (36.77%) Puppet
3 99 (23.19%) Terraform
4 97 (22.72%) Kubernetes
5 92 (21.55%) Grafana
6 76 (17.80%) Nagios
6 76 (17.80%) Opscode Chef
7 66 (15.46%) Kibana
8 46 (10.77%) Prometheus
9 40 (9.37%) Icinga
10 34 (7.96%) Docker Swarm
11 31 (7.26%) Packer
12 19 (4.45%) Galera Cluster
12 19 (4.45%) HAProxy
12 19 (4.45%) ZABBIX
13 18 (4.22%) Salt
14 17 (3.98%) SELinux
15 13 (3.04%) logstash
16 8 (1.87%) Graphite
17 7 (1.64%) Graylog
Vendors
1 150 (35.13%) Red Hat
2 107 (25.06%) Google
3 87 (20.37%) VMware
4 49 (11.48%) Splunk
5 35 (8.20%) New Relic
6 34 (7.96%) Microsoft
7 25 (5.85%) Atlassian
8 20 (4.68%) Adobe
8 20 (4.68%) SaltStack
9 18 (4.22%) Oracle
10 15 (3.51%) AppDynamics
10 15 (3.51%) Centrify
11 14 (3.28%) Cisco
12 12 (2.81%) Rackspace
13 11 (2.58%) Juniper
13 11 (2.58%) webMethods
14 8 (1.87%) Citrix
14 8 (1.87%) Hortonworks
14 8 (1.87%) NetApp
15 6 (1.41%) MapR