Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 539 558 465
Rank change year-on-year +19 -93 +61
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 380 354 479
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.36% 0.34% 0.47%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.74% 1.65% 2.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 225 254 338
UK median daily rate £463 £475 £458
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.63% +3.83% +7.65%
10th Percentile £319 £315 £313
90th Percentile £625 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £416
% change year-on-year +6.25% -3.73% +10.80%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 7 8
UK median hourly rate £27.50 £25.00 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +47.06% -54.67%
10th Percentile £18.12 £17.00 £12.11
90th Percentile £41.50 £68.15 £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.68 £21.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year -8.47% +19.44% -52.00%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21,851 21,412 21,709
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.87% 20.75% 21.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,552 13,674 13,680
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% -
10th Percentile £160 £169 £193
90th Percentile £607 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £375 £365
% change year-on-year +3.47% +2.74% +0.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,455 1,284 1,291
UK median hourly rate £17.43 £17.50 £16.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.40% +7.69% -1.52%
10th Percentile £11.00 £11.00 £10.61
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.50 £44.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £16.81 £15.31
% change year-on-year -1.81% +9.78% -4.33%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +22 362 £460 -3.16% 161
UK excluding London +45 194 £425 +6.25% 95
London -30 182 £496 -3.17% 71
South East -5 79 £475 +18.60% 27
Midlands +2 29 £375 - 7
South West -13 29 £475 +5.56% 23
West Midlands +14 28 £375 +7.14% 4
North of England -28 22 £350 -16.67% 22
East of England +5 21 £400 +6.67% 11
Yorkshire -7 11 £355 -15.48% 8
Scotland -14 9 £500 +35.14% 1
North West -23 7 £275 -35.29% 11
Wales -17 5 £525 +33.76% 4
North East 0 4 - - 3

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 380 (100.00%) Linux
2 202 (53.16%) Python
3 189 (49.74%) DevOps
4 181 (47.63%) Docker
5 173 (45.53%) Jenkins
6 166 (43.68%) Windows
7 159 (41.84%) Puppet
8 146 (38.42%) Agile Software Development
9 138 (36.32%) Continuous Integration
9 138 (36.32%) Git (software)
10 123 (32.37%) Amazon AWS
11 121 (31.84%) Java
12 115 (30.26%) Ansible
13 109 (28.68%) Google
14 104 (27.37%) CentOS
15 100 (26.32%) JavaScript
16 97 (25.53%) Configuration Management
17 95 (25.00%) MongoDB
18 94 (24.74%) Kubernetes
19 92 (24.21%) Ruby
19 92 (24.21%) Selenium
19 92 (24.21%) SQL
20 91 (23.95%) Perl
20 91 (23.95%) Bash Shell
21 90 (23.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
21 90 (23.68%) Open Source
22 87 (22.89%) Grafana
23 86 (22.63%) TCP/IP
23 86 (22.63%) Red Hat
24 85 (22.37%) GitHub

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (20.79%) nginx
2 76 (20.00%) Tomcat
3 70 (18.42%) Apache
4 38 (10.00%) IIS
5 32 (8.42%) JBoss
6 29 (7.63%) WebLogic
7 19 (5.00%) Elasticsearch
8 14 (3.68%) Confluence
8 14 (3.68%) OpenStack
8 14 (3.68%) WebSphere
9 13 (3.42%) Jetty
9 13 (3.42%) Mongrel
10 8 (2.11%) MS Exchange
11 6 (1.58%) SharePoint
12 5 (1.32%) CMS
12 5 (1.32%) Drupal
13 4 (1.05%) Apache Spark
13 4 (1.05%) Exchange Server 2013
14 3 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
15 2 (0.53%) GlassFish
Applications
1 19 (5.00%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (1.84%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.26%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (2.37%) Sentinel
2 5 (1.32%) Oracle Cash Management
3 3 (0.79%) Towers Watson Igloo
4 1 (0.26%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.26%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 123 (32.37%) Amazon AWS
2 85 (22.37%) GitHub
3 80 (21.05%) Microsoft Azure
4 56 (14.74%) Google Analytics
5 43 (11.32%) AWS CloudFormation
6 35 (9.21%) Datadog
7 30 (7.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 28 (7.37%) Google Cloud Platform
9 25 (6.58%) SaaS
10 21 (5.53%) Amazon EC2
11 20 (5.26%) OpenShift
12 16 (4.21%) Cloud Computing
12 16 (4.21%) PaaS
13 15 (3.95%) IaaS
14 14 (3.68%) Office 365
15 11 (2.89%) Sumo Logic
16 10 (2.63%) Amazon EMR
17 9 (2.37%) Amazon S3
18 6 (1.58%) Route 53
18 6 (1.58%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 86 (22.63%) TCP/IP
2 78 (20.53%) HTTP
3 58 (15.26%) SSL
4 52 (13.68%) Firewall
5 38 (10.00%) DNS
6 27 (7.11%) VPN
7 17 (4.47%) DHCP
7 17 (4.47%) LAN
8 16 (4.21%) Internet
8 16 (4.21%) WAN
9 13 (3.42%) SAN
10 10 (2.63%) iSCSI
11 9 (2.37%) BGP
11 9 (2.37%) MPLS
12 8 (2.11%) Junos
13 7 (1.84%) Cisco ASA
13 7 (1.84%) NAS
13 7 (1.84%) OSPF
13 7 (1.84%) VLAN
14 6 (1.58%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 95 (25.00%) MongoDB
2 71 (18.68%) NoSQL
3 52 (13.68%) PostgreSQL
4 48 (12.63%) SQL Server
5 30 (7.89%) MySQL
6 20 (5.26%) SQL Server 2014
7 19 (5.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 18 (4.74%) MS Access
9 10 (2.63%) Redis
10 8 (2.11%) Amazon RDS
10 8 (2.11%) Big Data
11 7 (1.84%) Apache Cassandra
12 5 (1.32%) Amazon Redshift
13 4 (1.05%) Relational Database
14 3 (0.79%) Aerospike
14 3 (0.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 3 (0.79%) Couchbase
14 3 (0.79%) Hazelcast
15 2 (0.53%) MariaDB
15 2 (0.53%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 173 (45.53%) Jenkins
2 138 (36.32%) Git (software)
3 92 (24.21%) Selenium
4 76 (20.00%) Cucumber
5 65 (17.11%) Ant
6 58 (15.26%) IntelliJ
7 57 (15.00%) Gatling
8 50 (13.16%) Grunt
8 50 (13.16%) gulp
8 50 (13.16%) Sublime Text
9 49 (12.89%) Karma Test Runner
10 44 (11.58%) Bitbucket
10 44 (11.58%) JUnit
11 39 (10.26%) Artifactory
12 36 (9.47%) TeamCity
13 32 (8.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 32 (8.42%) Travis CI
14 29 (7.63%) Eclipse
14 29 (7.63%) Sonatype Nexus
14 29 (7.63%) Vagrant
General
1 17 (4.47%) Finance
2 9 (2.37%) Banking
3 7 (1.84%) Law
4 6 (1.58%) Publishing
5 5 (1.32%) Telecoms
6 4 (1.05%) Retail
6 4 (1.05%) Spanish Language
7 3 (0.79%) Financial Institution
8 2 (0.53%) Advertising
8 2 (0.53%) Manufacturing
8 2 (0.53%) Marketing
9 1 (0.26%) Aerospace
9 1 (0.26%) Automotive
9 1 (0.26%) Electronics
9 1 (0.26%) Legal
Job Titles
1 91 (23.95%) DevOps Engineer
2 80 (21.05%) Developer
3 43 (11.32%) Linux Engineer
4 38 (10.00%) Administrator
5 28 (7.37%) Linux Administrator
6 27 (7.11%) Systems Engineer
7 24 (6.32%) AWS Engineer
7 24 (6.32%) Systems Administrator
8 23 (6.05%) Linux Systems Administrator
9 22 (5.79%) Architect
10 19 (5.00%) Java Developer
11 18 (4.74%) AWS DevOps
12 17 (4.47%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 17 (4.47%) Azure DevOps
13 16 (4.21%) Linux Systems Engineer
13 16 (4.21%) Scala Developer
14 14 (3.68%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 14 (3.68%) Azure Engineer
15 13 (3.42%) Cloud Engineer
15 13 (3.42%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 71 (18.68%) Node.js
2 67 (17.63%) Gherkin
3 65 (17.11%) Servlets
4 62 (16.32%) AngularJS
5 60 (15.79%) CSS
6 59 (15.53%) REST
7 54 (14.21%) jQuery
8 48 (12.63%) HTML
8 48 (12.63%) JSON
9 46 (12.11%) XML
10 41 (10.79%) Elastic Stack
11 39 (10.26%) Play Framework
12 38 (10.00%) Spring
13 33 (8.68%) Kafka
14 31 (8.16%) SOAP
15 30 (7.89%) HTML5
16 29 (7.63%) EJB
16 29 (7.63%) Hibernate
16 29 (7.63%) J2EE
16 29 (7.63%) J2SE
Miscellaneous
1 24 (6.32%) Analytical Skills
2 21 (5.53%) Device Driver
3 15 (3.95%) Public Cloud
4 12 (3.16%) Linux Command Line
5 10 (2.63%) PKI
6 9 (2.37%) Data Centre
6 9 (2.37%) Fat Client
6 9 (2.37%) Thin Client
7 7 (1.84%) Management Information System
8 6 (1.58%) Self-Motivation
9 5 (1.32%) Greenfield Project
9 5 (1.32%) Over-the-Top Content
9 5 (1.32%) Replication
10 4 (1.05%) Raspberry Pi
11 3 (0.79%) Hedge funds
11 3 (0.79%) NHS
11 3 (0.79%) Smart Home
12 2 (0.53%) CESG
12 2 (0.53%) Clustering
12 2 (0.53%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 380 (100.00%) Linux
2 166 (43.68%) Windows
3 104 (27.37%) CentOS
4 90 (23.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 80 (21.05%) Unix
6 63 (16.58%) Windows Server
7 37 (9.74%) Debian
8 29 (7.63%) Windows Server 2008
9 17 (4.47%) Windows Server 2012
10 15 (3.95%) Fedora
11 12 (3.16%) CoreOS
12 10 (2.63%) Windows 10
13 8 (2.11%) DC/OS
13 8 (2.11%) Windows 7
14 7 (1.84%) SUSE
15 6 (1.58%) Oracle Linux
16 5 (1.32%) Mac OS X
17 4 (1.05%) FreeBSD
17 4 (1.05%) Solaris
18 3 (0.79%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 189 (49.74%) DevOps
2 146 (38.42%) Agile Software Development
3 138 (36.32%) Continuous Integration
4 97 (25.53%) Configuration Management
5 90 (23.68%) Open Source
6 81 (21.32%) Analytics
7 75 (19.74%) Test Automation
8 57 (15.00%) Microservices
9 52 (13.68%) Lean Software Development
10 43 (11.32%) Continuous Delivery
11 40 (10.53%) Problem-Solving
12 33 (8.68%) High Availability
13 29 (7.63%) Site Reliability Engineering
14 28 (7.37%) Continuous Improvement
15 21 (5.53%) Immutable Infrastructure
16 19 (5.00%) Scrum
17 16 (4.21%) Change Control
17 16 (4.21%) Process Improvement
18 15 (3.95%) Server Monitoring
19 14 (3.68%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 202 (53.16%) Python
2 121 (31.84%) Java
3 100 (26.32%) JavaScript
4 92 (24.21%) Ruby
4 92 (24.21%) SQL
5 91 (23.95%) Bash Shell
5 91 (23.95%) Perl
6 70 (18.42%) C#
7 52 (13.68%) Groovy
7 52 (13.68%) Haskell
8 51 (13.42%) Go
9 46 (12.11%) Scala
10 40 (10.53%) PowerShell
11 33 (8.68%) PHP
12 20 (5.26%) VBScript
13 18 (4.74%) T-SQL
14 14 (3.68%) R
15 9 (2.37%) Shell Script
16 5 (1.32%) C++
16 5 (1.32%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 78 (20.53%) Security Cleared
2 69 (18.16%) SC Cleared
3 13 (3.42%) Degree
4 12 (3.16%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (2.89%) DV Cleared
6 5 (1.32%) Microsoft Certification
7 4 (1.05%) CCNA
7 4 (1.05%) Cisco Certification
7 4 (1.05%) MCSE
8 2 (0.53%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.53%) MCITP
9 1 (0.26%) CISSP
9 1 (0.26%) CompTIA Security+
9 1 (0.26%) MCSA
9 1 (0.26%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (2.37%) QA
2 3 (0.79%) JSP 440
3 1 (0.26%) Government Security Classifications
3 1 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 181 (47.63%) Docker
2 53 (13.95%) VMware Infrastructure
3 44 (11.58%) Active Directory
4 32 (8.42%) Hyper-V
5 31 (8.16%) Virtual Machines
6 29 (7.63%) VirtualBox
7 22 (5.79%) KVM
8 13 (3.42%) vSphere
9 11 (2.89%) iptables
9 11 (2.89%) Postfix
10 9 (2.37%) NFS
11 8 (2.11%) VMware ESXi
12 6 (1.58%) Squid
12 6 (1.58%) XenApp
13 5 (1.32%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 5 (1.32%) Samba
13 5 (1.32%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (1.32%) XenDesktop
14 4 (1.05%) Dovecot
15 3 (0.79%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 159 (41.84%) Puppet
2 115 (30.26%) Ansible
3 94 (24.74%) Kubernetes
4 87 (22.89%) Grafana
5 80 (21.05%) Nagios
6 79 (20.79%) Kibana
6 79 (20.79%) Terraform
7 58 (15.26%) Opscode Chef
8 42 (11.05%) Prometheus
9 30 (7.89%) Packer
10 23 (6.05%) Icinga
11 18 (4.74%) logstash
12 15 (3.95%) Salt
13 13 (3.42%) HAProxy
14 12 (3.16%) Docker Swarm
14 12 (3.16%) Graylog
15 9 (2.37%) ZABBIX
16 8 (2.11%) Graphite
16 8 (2.11%) SCCM
17 6 (1.58%) SELinux
Vendors
1 109 (28.68%) Google
2 86 (22.63%) Red Hat
3 75 (19.74%) VMware
4 65 (17.11%) Splunk
5 54 (14.21%) Microsoft
6 49 (12.89%) New Relic
7 32 (8.42%) AppDynamics
8 28 (7.37%) Adobe
9 24 (6.32%) webMethods
10 23 (6.05%) Oracle
11 22 (5.79%) Cisco
12 19 (5.00%) Micro Focus
13 18 (4.74%) Citrix
14 16 (4.21%) Juniper
15 15 (3.95%) Atlassian
16 11 (2.89%) HP
17 9 (2.37%) IBM
17 9 (2.37%) Mirantis
18 8 (2.11%) MKS
19 7 (1.84%) F5