Period
to 9 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 9 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
9 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 471 559 524
Rank change year-on-year +88 -35 -40
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 75 295 413
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.21% 0.32% 0.40%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.11% 1.57% 1.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 52 216 299
Median daily rate £450 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -10.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £309 £294 £353
90th Percentile £595 £672 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.12%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 10 10
Median hourly rate £22.29 £45.00 £29.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -50.48% +51.26% +70.00%
10th Percentile £20.77 £33.10 £17.52
90th Percentile £23.80 £57.63 £61.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.29 £45.00 £20.74
% change year-on-year -50.48% +116.95% +18.53%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 6,759 18,765 21,333
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.20% 20.45% 20.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,139 11,764 13,322
Median daily rate £431 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.41% - -
10th Percentile £157 £153 £180
90th Percentile £625 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £390
% change year-on-year - +2.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 448 1,225 1,455
Median hourly rate £19.70 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.57% - +3.80%
10th Percentile £12.46 £11.17 £11.17
90th Percentile £48.35 £50.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate £18.21 £16.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year +10.33% - +4.04%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 9 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 12 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 9 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +81 71 £450 -10.00% 56
London +133 53 £450 -12.20% 18
UK excluding London +96 21 £463 +2.78% 41
Work from Home -19 8 £500 +11.11% 8
South East +127 7 £419 +17.54% 15
South West +71 6 £415 -25.23% 8
Scotland +78 3 £500 - 3
Midlands +71 2 - - 5
East of England +71 2 £600 +233.33% 5
West Midlands +46 2 - - 5
North of England +91 1 - - 5
Yorkshire +71 1 - -

For the 6 months to 9 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 75 (100.00%) Linux
2 41 (54.67%) Windows
3 36 (48.00%) Python
4 32 (42.67%) SQL
5 31 (41.33%) DevOps
6 30 (40.00%) Jenkins
6 30 (40.00%) AWS
6 30 (40.00%) Bash Shell
7 27 (36.00%) Red Hat
8 26 (34.67%) PHP
8 26 (34.67%) Microsoft
9 25 (33.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 25 (33.33%) PowerShell
9 25 (33.33%) Kubernetes
10 24 (32.00%) Agile Software Development
11 23 (30.67%) Security Cleared
11 23 (30.67%) CentOS
12 22 (29.33%) Migration
12 22 (29.33%) Docker
13 21 (28.00%) Ansible
13 21 (28.00%) Puppet
14 20 (26.67%) SC Cleared
14 20 (26.67%) VMware
15 18 (24.00%) Git (software)
15 18 (24.00%) Analytical Skills
15 18 (24.00%) Windows Server
16 17 (22.67%) Debian
16 17 (22.67%) Java
16 17 (22.67%) JavaScript
17 16 (21.33%) Perl

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (17.33%) Confluence
2 10 (13.33%) OpenStack
3 9 (12.00%) Elasticsearch
3 9 (12.00%) nginx
3 9 (12.00%) Tomcat
4 7 (9.33%) WebLogic
5 6 (8.00%) Apache
5 6 (8.00%) Apache Pig
5 6 (8.00%) Apache Spark
6 5 (6.67%) JBoss
6 5 (6.67%) Jetty
6 5 (6.67%) MQSeries
6 5 (6.67%) Oracle Self-Service HR
6 5 (6.67%) Red Hat Fuse
7 3 (4.00%) WordPress
8 2 (2.67%) Apache Airflow
8 2 (2.67%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 4 (5.33%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 5 (6.67%) SAP Oil and Gas
1 5 (6.67%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 30 (40.00%) AWS
2 15 (20.00%) Azure
3 10 (13.33%) Amazon S3
4 9 (12.00%) Amazon EC2
4 9 (12.00%) Serverless
5 6 (8.00%) AWS CloudFormation
5 6 (8.00%) Azure Active Directory
5 6 (8.00%) Azure Data Factory
5 6 (8.00%) Azure Functions
6 4 (5.33%) Amazon EKS
6 4 (5.33%) GitHub
7 3 (4.00%) Amazon GuardDuty
7 3 (4.00%) AWS CodeBuild
7 3 (4.00%) AWS Lambda
7 3 (4.00%) IaaS
7 3 (4.00%) OpenShift
7 3 (4.00%) PaaS
7 3 (4.00%) Route 53
8 2 (2.67%) GCP
8 2 (2.67%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 7 (9.33%) Firewall
2 6 (8.00%) VLAN
3 5 (6.67%) DHCP
3 5 (6.67%) HTTP
3 5 (6.67%) SSH
4 4 (5.33%) DNS
4 4 (5.33%) Junos
4 4 (5.33%) LAN
4 4 (5.33%) OpenLDAP
4 4 (5.33%) SAN
4 4 (5.33%) SSL
4 4 (5.33%) WAN
5 3 (4.00%) VXLAN
6 2 (2.67%) Cisco ASA
6 2 (2.67%) DECnet
6 2 (2.67%) FDDI
6 2 (2.67%) MPLS
6 2 (2.67%) Skype
6 2 (2.67%) Unified Communications
6 2 (2.67%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12 (16.00%) PostgreSQL
2 8 (10.67%) MongoDB
2 8 (10.67%) MySQL
2 8 (10.67%) Oracle Database
3 7 (9.33%) Amazon RDS
4 6 (8.00%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
4 6 (8.00%) Azure SQL Database
4 6 (8.00%) Cosmos DB
4 6 (8.00%) Data Lake
4 6 (8.00%) Data Warehouse
4 6 (8.00%) SAP HANA
5 5 (6.67%) Hadoop
5 5 (6.67%) NoSQL
5 5 (6.67%) SQL Server
6 2 (2.67%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 2 (2.67%) Amazon Redshift
6 2 (2.67%) Big Data
6 2 (2.67%) Oracle Database 12c
6 2 (2.67%) Oracle Exadata
6 2 (2.67%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 30 (40.00%) Jenkins
2 18 (24.00%) Git (software)
3 16 (21.33%) JIRA
4 10 (13.33%) Maven
5 9 (12.00%) Vagrant
6 8 (10.67%) Ant
6 8 (10.67%) Selenium
7 7 (9.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 7 (9.33%) Cucumber
7 7 (9.33%) IntelliJ
8 6 (8.00%) Bitbucket
8 6 (8.00%) Eclipse
9 5 (6.67%) ClearCase
9 5 (6.67%) Gradle
9 5 (6.67%) Hudson
9 5 (6.67%) Leiningen
9 5 (6.67%) Mercurial
9 5 (6.67%) Poseidon for UML
9 5 (6.67%) Subversion
9 5 (6.67%) TeamCity
General
1 7 (9.33%) Finance
2 5 (6.67%) Public Sector
3 1 (1.33%) Legal
3 1 (1.33%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 19 (25.33%) Architect
2 16 (21.33%) DevOps Engineer
3 12 (16.00%) Infrastructure Specialist
4 11 (14.67%) Solutions Architect
5 9 (12.00%) Cloud Architect
5 9 (12.00%) Cloud Specialist
6 8 (10.67%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 8 (10.67%) Linux Engineer
6 8 (10.67%) Linux/Unix DevOps
7 7 (9.33%) AWS Engineer
8 6 (8.00%) AWS DevOps
8 6 (8.00%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 6 (8.00%) Linux DevOps Engineer
8 6 (8.00%) Technical Architect
9 5 (6.67%) Cloud Infrastructure Architect
10 4 (5.33%) Consultant
10 4 (5.33%) Developer
10 4 (5.33%) Infrastructure Technical Architect
10 4 (5.33%) Platform Engineer
10 4 (5.33%) Technical Infrastructure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10 (13.33%) Node.js
1 10 (13.33%) Spring
2 8 (10.67%) AngularJS
2 8 (10.67%) jQuery
3 7 (9.33%) HTML
3 7 (9.33%) Spring Boot
4 6 (8.00%) JSON
4 6 (8.00%) Kafka
4 6 (8.00%) XML
5 5 (6.67%) ActiveMQ
5 5 (6.67%) Apache Camel
5 5 (6.67%) GWT
5 5 (6.67%) Hibernate
5 5 (6.67%) HTML5
5 5 (6.67%) JMS
5 5 (6.67%) MSMQ
5 5 (6.67%) Play Framework
5 5 (6.67%) RabbitMQ
5 5 (6.67%) RESTful
5 5 (6.67%) STL
Miscellaneous
1 18 (24.00%) Analytical Skills
2 6 (8.00%) Cloud Native
2 6 (8.00%) User Experience
3 5 (6.67%) Derivative
4 4 (5.33%) Private Cloud
5 3 (4.00%) Management Information System
6 2 (2.67%) Enterprise Software
6 2 (2.67%) Enterprise Storage
6 2 (2.67%) NHS
6 2 (2.67%) Replication
7 1 (1.33%) Analytical Mindset
7 1 (1.33%) Linux Command Line
7 1 (1.33%) Mobile App
7 1 (1.33%) Public Cloud
7 1 (1.33%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 75 (100.00%) Linux
2 41 (54.67%) Windows
3 25 (33.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 23 (30.67%) CentOS
5 18 (24.00%) Windows Server
6 17 (22.67%) Debian
7 6 (8.00%) Android
7 6 (8.00%) Apple iOS
8 5 (6.67%) Mac OS X
8 5 (6.67%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
8 5 (6.67%) Unix
9 4 (5.33%) Fedora
9 4 (5.33%) Solaris
10 3 (4.00%) Oracle Linux
11 2 (2.67%) NetWare
11 2 (2.67%) VMS
12 1 (1.33%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 31 (41.33%) DevOps
2 24 (32.00%) Agile Software Development
3 22 (29.33%) Migration
4 16 (21.33%) Test Automation
5 14 (18.67%) Microservices
6 13 (17.33%) Continuous Integration
7 9 (12.00%) Scrum
8 8 (10.67%) Waterfall
9 7 (9.33%) Infrastructure as Code
9 7 (9.33%) Kanban
9 7 (9.33%) TDD
10 6 (8.00%) Continuous Delivery
10 6 (8.00%) Continuous Deployment
10 6 (8.00%) Information Security
10 6 (8.00%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 6 (8.00%) Multi-Factor Authentication
10 6 (8.00%) Re-Platforming
10 6 (8.00%) Systems Engineering
10 6 (8.00%) The Twelve-Factor App
11 5 (6.67%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 36 (48.00%) Python
2 32 (42.67%) SQL
3 30 (40.00%) Bash Shell
4 26 (34.67%) PHP
5 25 (33.33%) PowerShell
6 17 (22.67%) Java
6 17 (22.67%) JavaScript
7 16 (21.33%) Perl
8 11 (14.67%) Groovy
8 11 (14.67%) T-SQL
9 9 (12.00%) C#
10 8 (10.67%) Ruby
11 7 (9.33%) C
11 7 (9.33%) C++
11 7 (9.33%) Shell Script
12 5 (6.67%) Clojure
12 5 (6.67%) ClojureScript
12 5 (6.67%) PL/SQL
12 5 (6.67%) Scala
13 4 (5.33%) VBA
Qualifications
1 23 (30.67%) Security Cleared
2 20 (26.67%) SC Cleared
3 4 (5.33%) CCNA
3 4 (5.33%) Cisco Certification
4 3 (4.00%) AWS Certification
5 2 (2.67%) CISSP
5 2 (2.67%) CompTIA Security+
5 2 (2.67%) DV Cleared
5 2 (2.67%) GIAC
5 2 (2.67%) Linux+ Certification
5 2 (2.67%) MCSE
5 2 (2.67%) Microsoft Certification
5 2 (2.67%) Network+ Certification
5 2 (2.67%) SANS
5 2 (2.67%) SSCP
6 1 (1.33%) CEH
6 1 (1.33%) Degree
6 1 (1.33%) ISEB
6 1 (1.33%) ISTQB
6 1 (1.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (4.00%) QA
2 2 (2.67%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 1 (1.33%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (1.33%) SLA
System Software
1 22 (29.33%) Docker
2 13 (17.33%) VMware Infrastructure
3 9 (12.00%) VMware ESXi
4 8 (10.67%) Active Directory
5 4 (5.33%) VirtualBox
6 3 (4.00%) KVM
6 3 (4.00%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (4.00%) VMware NSX
7 2 (2.67%) NFS
7 2 (2.67%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (2.67%) Samba
7 2 (2.67%) Xen
8 1 (1.33%) Hyper-V
8 1 (1.33%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 25 (33.33%) Kubernetes
2 21 (28.00%) Ansible
2 21 (28.00%) Puppet
3 12 (16.00%) Terraform
4 7 (9.33%) vCenter Server
5 6 (8.00%) Kibana
6 5 (6.67%) Grafana
6 5 (6.67%) Salt
7 4 (5.33%) Docker Swarm
7 4 (5.33%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (4.00%) Cobbler
8 3 (4.00%) Icinga
8 3 (4.00%) Nagios
8 3 (4.00%) Packer
9 2 (2.67%) Data Guard
9 2 (2.67%) Nessus
9 2 (2.67%) OpenNMS
9 2 (2.67%) Oracle RMAN
9 2 (2.67%) ZABBIX
10 1 (1.33%) SELinux
Vendors
1 27 (36.00%) Red Hat
2 26 (34.67%) Microsoft
3 20 (26.67%) VMware
4 13 (17.33%) Cloudera
5 12 (16.00%) Cisco
6 11 (14.67%) MuleSoft
7 10 (13.33%) HP
8 9 (12.00%) Dell
9 8 (10.67%) Oracle
10 7 (9.33%) Hortonworks
10 7 (9.33%) NetApp
11 6 (8.00%) Juniper
11 6 (8.00%) Salesforce.com
11 6 (8.00%) SAP
12 5 (6.67%) Axway
12 5 (6.67%) Google
12 5 (6.67%) Sparx
12 5 (6.67%) Sybase
13 3 (4.00%) Mirantis
13 3 (4.00%) Sophos