Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 18 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
18 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 597 586 535
Rank change year-on-year -11 -51 +38
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 227 117 119
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.26% 0.20% 0.24%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.74% 1.30% 1.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 148 85 97
10th Percentile £325 £289 £372
25th Percentile £431 £400 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% - -5.00%
75th Percentile £650 £588 £525
90th Percentile £750 £725 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +15.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 1
10th Percentile £52.41 - -
25th Percentile - £14.25 £20.77
Median hourly rate £69.05 £14.50 £22.29
Median % change year-on-year +376.21% -34.93% +32.18%
75th Percentile - £14.75 £23.80
90th Percentile - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £69.05 £14.50 £22.29
% change year-on-year +376.21% -34.93% +32.18%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 13,035 8,976 9,908
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.89% 15.66% 20.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,861 5,908 6,416
10th Percentile £175 £185 £143
25th Percentile £344 £338 £263
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -1.16%
75th Percentile £613 £549 £525
90th Percentile £700 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 597 449 751
10th Percentile £13.25 £11.95 £11.63
25th Percentile £15.93 £13.68 £13.82
Median hourly rate £22.50 £17.50 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +28.57% - +4.48%
75th Percentile £52.50 £43.75 £23.50
90th Percentile £65.00 £58.71 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £16.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year +21.21% -2.94% +7.22%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 18 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 18 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 18 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -21 180 £540 -1.82% 51
London -64 96 £575 -4.17% 16
Work from Home -85 96 £525 +16.67% 22
UK excluding London -43 80 £500 +5.26% 39
South West -19 25 £513 -6.82% 6
North of England -39 17 £411 -13.48% 6
South East -39 16 £625 +78.57% 10
Scotland -13 11 £525 +8.81% 1
Yorkshire -29 10 £444 -11.25% 3
East of England -24 8 £245 -59.17% 9
North West -35 7 £150 - 2
Midlands -40 3 £475 - 4
East Midlands - 3 £475 - 2
North East -10 1 £350 -22.22% 1

For the 6 months to 18 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 227 (100.00%) Linux
2 123 (54.19%) Windows
3 116 (51.10%) Ansible
4 102 (44.93%) AWS
5 96 (42.29%) DevOps
6 88 (38.77%) Terraform
6 88 (38.77%) CI/CD
7 86 (37.89%) Python
8 84 (37.00%) Docker
9 77 (33.92%) Azure
9 77 (33.92%) CentOS
10 76 (33.48%) Kubernetes
11 75 (33.04%) Agile
12 72 (31.72%) Red Hat
13 61 (26.87%) Git (software)
14 60 (26.43%) Jenkins
15 59 (25.99%) Windows Server
16 58 (25.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 57 (25.11%) Security Cleared
17 57 (25.11%) Bash
17 57 (25.11%) VMware
18 54 (23.79%) Microsoft
18 54 (23.79%) SC Cleared
19 53 (23.35%) GitLab
20 50 (22.03%) Active Directory
21 49 (21.59%) Firewall
21 49 (21.59%) PowerShell
22 46 (20.26%) Puppet
23 44 (19.38%) VMware Infrastructure
24 40 (17.62%) Splunk

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (11.01%) Apache
2 23 (10.13%) nginx
3 18 (7.93%) Tomcat
4 16 (7.05%) Confluence
5 15 (6.61%) Elasticsearch
5 15 (6.61%) IIS
6 12 (5.29%) OpenStack
7 11 (4.85%) SharePoint
8 9 (3.96%) Apache Spark
8 9 (3.96%) Skype for Business
9 7 (3.08%) MS Exchange
10 6 (2.64%) uWSGI
11 5 (2.20%) JBoss
11 5 (2.20%) WebLogic
12 4 (1.76%) Apache Pig
13 3 (1.32%) Apache Airflow
13 3 (1.32%) WebSphere
14 2 (0.88%) Mule
14 2 (0.88%) Mule ESB
15 1 (0.44%) SAS
Applications
1 10 (4.41%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (3.52%) MS Visio
3 5 (2.20%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (1.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 1 (0.44%) Oracle Cash Management
1 1 (0.44%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 102 (44.93%) AWS
2 77 (33.92%) Azure
3 28 (12.33%) IaaS
4 25 (11.01%) Amazon EC2
4 25 (11.01%) Amazon S3
4 25 (11.01%) PaaS
5 23 (10.13%) AWS CloudFormation
6 22 (9.69%) Amazon ECS
7 20 (8.81%) Route 53
8 18 (7.93%) AWS CodePipeline
8 18 (7.93%) GitHub
9 17 (7.49%) OpenShift
10 15 (6.61%) AWS CodeBuild
11 13 (5.73%) Microsoft 365
11 13 (5.73%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 11 (4.85%) AWS Fargate
12 11 (4.85%) Datadog
12 11 (4.85%) GCP
13 10 (4.41%) SaaS
14 9 (3.96%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 49 (21.59%) Firewall
2 40 (17.62%) DNS
3 20 (8.81%) VPN
4 17 (7.49%) DHCP
5 16 (7.05%) HTTP
6 15 (6.61%) TCP/IP
7 13 (5.73%) SAN
8 12 (5.29%) WAN
9 11 (4.85%) LAN
9 11 (4.85%) SNMP
10 10 (4.41%) SSH
11 9 (3.96%) HTTPS
11 9 (3.96%) IPsec
11 9 (3.96%) Skype
12 6 (2.64%) Cisco IOS
12 6 (2.64%) OpenLDAP
12 6 (2.64%) SSL
12 6 (2.64%) VSAN
13 5 (2.20%) NAS
13 5 (2.20%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (15.42%) PostgreSQL
2 20 (8.81%) MySQL
2 20 (8.81%) NoSQL
3 15 (6.61%) SQL Server
4 14 (6.17%) Amazon RDS
5 11 (4.85%) MongoDB
6 10 (4.41%) Redis
6 10 (4.41%) Riak
7 9 (3.96%) Hadoop
8 7 (3.08%) MariaDB
9 4 (1.76%) Couchbase
9 4 (1.76%) Oracle Database
10 3 (1.32%) Amazon Aurora
10 3 (1.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 3 (1.32%) Amazon Redshift
10 3 (1.32%) Apache Hive
10 3 (1.32%) Big Data
10 3 (1.32%) HBase
10 3 (1.32%) Redshift Spectrum
11 2 (0.88%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 61 (26.87%) Git (software)
2 60 (26.43%) Jenkins
3 53 (23.35%) GitLab
4 28 (12.33%) Bitbucket
5 20 (8.81%) JIRA
5 20 (8.81%) TeamCity
6 18 (7.93%) Artifactory
7 15 (6.61%) Sonatype Nexus
8 14 (6.17%) Cucumber
8 14 (6.17%) Subversion
9 13 (5.73%) Maven
10 12 (5.29%) Selenium
11 11 (4.85%) git-flow
12 10 (4.41%) Log4j
13 9 (3.96%) Zephyr
14 7 (3.08%) Octopus Deploy
15 6 (2.64%) CircleCI
16 3 (1.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 2 (0.88%) Gradle
17 2 (0.88%) Serena SBM
General
1 34 (14.98%) Social Skills
2 22 (9.69%) Public Sector
3 17 (7.49%) Finance
4 14 (6.17%) Analytical Skills
5 11 (4.85%) Banking
6 9 (3.96%) Documentation Skills
7 5 (2.20%) Publishing
8 4 (1.76%) Financial Institution
8 4 (1.76%) Telecoms
9 3 (1.32%) Influencing Skills
9 3 (1.32%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.88%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.44%) French Language
11 1 (0.44%) International Banking
11 1 (0.44%) Law
11 1 (0.44%) Legal
11 1 (0.44%) Local Government
11 1 (0.44%) Retail
Job Titles
1 58 (25.55%) DevOps Engineer
2 27 (11.89%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 22 (9.69%) Linux Engineer
3 22 (9.69%) Platform Engineer
4 18 (7.93%) Architect
5 16 (7.05%) Support Engineer
6 15 (6.61%) AWS Engineer
7 14 (6.17%) VMware Engineer
8 13 (5.73%) Administrator
8 13 (5.73%) VMware Infrastructure Engineer
9 12 (5.29%) AWS DevOps
10 11 (4.85%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 11 (4.85%) Developer
10 11 (4.85%) Systems Engineer
11 10 (4.41%) Linux Administrator
11 10 (4.41%) Systems Administrator
12 9 (3.96%) Site Reliability Engineer
13 6 (2.64%) Infrastructure Architect
13 6 (2.64%) Linux Systems Administrator
14 5 (2.20%) Technical Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 32 (14.10%) Elastic Stack
2 18 (7.93%) .NET
3 16 (7.05%) LDAP
4 14 (6.17%) Kafka
4 14 (6.17%) Spring Boot
5 9 (3.96%) JSON
6 7 (3.08%) LAMP
6 7 (3.08%) Node.js
7 6 (2.64%) FHIR
7 6 (2.64%) LAPP Stack
7 6 (2.64%) React
7 6 (2.64%) SOAP
7 6 (2.64%) XML
8 5 (2.20%) CSS
8 5 (2.20%) PySpark
8 5 (2.20%) REST
8 5 (2.20%) Spring
9 4 (1.76%) ActiveMQ
9 4 (1.76%) Flask
9 4 (1.76%) Sensu
Miscellaneous
1 33 (14.54%) Data Centre
2 20 (8.81%) Self-Motivation
3 18 (7.93%) Public Cloud
4 10 (4.41%) Linux Command Line
5 9 (3.96%) Clustering
5 9 (3.96%) Private Cloud
6 8 (3.52%) Management Information System
7 7 (3.08%) Legacy Systems
8 6 (2.64%) NHS
8 6 (2.64%) PKI
9 5 (2.20%) Cloud Native
10 3 (1.32%) Data Protection Act
10 3 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
10 3 (1.32%) Replication
11 2 (0.88%) Algorithms
11 2 (0.88%) Cyber Defence
11 2 (0.88%) Educational Technology
11 2 (0.88%) Hybrid Cloud
11 2 (0.88%) Video on Demand
11 2 (0.88%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 227 (100.00%) Linux
2 123 (54.19%) Windows
3 77 (33.92%) CentOS
4 59 (25.99%) Windows Server
5 58 (25.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 36 (15.86%) Unix
7 24 (10.57%) Windows Server 2012
8 23 (10.13%) Windows 10
9 19 (8.37%) Debian
10 17 (7.49%) Windows Server 2016
11 16 (7.05%) Amazon Linux
12 11 (4.85%) Oracle Linux
13 10 (4.41%) Mac OS
13 10 (4.41%) SUSE
14 9 (3.96%) Windows Server 2008
15 8 (3.52%) Solaris
16 6 (2.64%) Alpine Linux
16 6 (2.64%) Scientific Linux
17 4 (1.76%) FreeNAS
17 4 (1.76%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 96 (42.29%) DevOps
2 88 (38.77%) CI/CD
3 75 (33.04%) Agile
4 40 (17.62%) Configuration Management
5 28 (12.33%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 25 (11.01%) Infrastructure as Code
6 25 (11.01%) Infrastructure Automation
7 24 (10.57%) Platform Engineering
8 20 (8.81%) Continuous Delivery
8 20 (8.81%) Continuous Integration
9 18 (7.93%) Microservices
10 17 (7.49%) Cybersecurity
10 17 (7.49%) Kanban
10 17 (7.49%) Test Automation
11 16 (7.05%) Waterfall
12 15 (6.61%) Analytics
12 15 (6.61%) Computer Science
12 15 (6.61%) Open Source
13 14 (6.17%) Disaster Recovery
13 14 (6.17%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 86 (37.89%) Python
2 57 (25.11%) Bash
3 49 (21.59%) PowerShell
4 40 (17.62%) Java
5 36 (15.86%) SQL
6 19 (8.37%) Go
7 17 (7.49%) Perl
8 16 (7.05%) Ruby
8 16 (7.05%) Shell Script
9 15 (6.61%) Groovy
10 8 (3.52%) JavaScript
11 7 (3.08%) PHP
12 5 (2.20%) Erlang
13 4 (1.76%) C#
14 3 (1.32%) Rust
14 3 (1.32%) T-SQL
14 3 (1.32%) TypeScript
15 2 (0.88%) VBScript
16 1 (0.44%) VB
16 1 (0.44%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 57 (25.11%) Security Cleared
2 54 (23.79%) SC Cleared
3 22 (9.69%) DV Cleared
4 14 (6.17%) AWS Certification
5 8 (3.52%) Cisco Certification
5 8 (3.52%) Degree
6 7 (3.08%) CCNA
7 5 (2.20%) Microsoft Certification
8 4 (1.76%) MCSE
9 3 (1.32%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (1.32%) CCA
9 3 (1.32%) Computer Science Degree
9 3 (1.32%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.88%) JNCIA
11 1 (0.44%) CISSP
11 1 (0.44%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.44%) JNCIP
11 1 (0.44%) JNCIS
11 1 (0.44%) MCITP
11 1 (0.44%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (6.17%) QA
2 9 (3.96%) JSP 440
3 5 (2.20%) HL7
3 5 (2.20%) SLA
4 3 (1.32%) GDPR
4 3 (1.32%) OASIS TOSCA
5 2 (0.88%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 2 (0.88%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.44%) NCSC
System Software
1 84 (37.00%) Docker
2 50 (22.03%) Active Directory
3 44 (19.38%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (5.73%) VMware NSX
5 11 (4.85%) VMware ESXi
6 10 (4.41%) Hyper-V
6 10 (4.41%) NFS
7 6 (2.64%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 5 (2.20%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (1.76%) Postfix
10 3 (1.32%) LXC
11 2 (0.88%) KVM
11 2 (0.88%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (0.88%) Veritas File System
11 2 (0.88%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 2 (0.88%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.88%) vSphere
12 1 (0.44%) FreeRADIUS
12 1 (0.44%) QEMU
12 1 (0.44%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 116 (51.10%) Ansible
2 88 (38.77%) Terraform
3 76 (33.48%) Kubernetes
4 46 (20.26%) Puppet
5 27 (11.89%) Prometheus
6 25 (11.01%) Grafana
7 19 (8.37%) Nagios
8 17 (7.49%) Packer
9 15 (6.61%) Docker Swarm
10 14 (6.17%) Consul
11 13 (5.73%) Salt
11 13 (5.73%) vRealize
12 12 (5.29%) Icinga
13 11 (4.85%) SCCM
14 10 (4.41%) Opscode Chef
14 10 (4.41%) VxRail
14 10 (4.41%) ZABBIX
15 8 (3.52%) HAProxy
16 7 (3.08%) Jamf Pro
17 6 (2.64%) yum
Vendors
1 72 (31.72%) Red Hat
2 57 (25.11%) VMware
3 54 (23.79%) Microsoft
4 40 (17.62%) Splunk
5 30 (13.22%) Cisco
6 20 (8.81%) Oracle
7 18 (7.93%) Dell
8 16 (7.05%) Google
9 12 (5.29%) Micro Focus
10 7 (3.08%) Palo Alto
11 6 (2.64%) IBM
12 5 (2.20%) Citrix
12 5 (2.20%) Dell KACE
12 5 (2.20%) SolarWinds
13 4 (1.76%) CyberArk
13 4 (1.76%) F5
13 4 (1.76%) Salesforce.com
14 3 (1.32%) Atlassian
14 3 (1.32%) HP
14 3 (1.32%) Qualys