Period
to 19 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 19 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 525 523 481
Rank change year-on-year -2 -42 +58
Contract jobs citing Ubuntu 390 386 491
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.38% 0.39% 0.46%
As % of the Operating Systems category 1.81% 1.86% 2.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 248 295 355
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £358 £313 £313
90th Percentile £625 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +23.08%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 7 7
UK median hourly rate £29.75 £25.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.00% +38.89% -53.25%
10th Percentile £20.17 £17.00 £11.90
90th Percentile £63.75 £45.60 £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £25.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year -10.00% +38.89% -53.25%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21,529 20,749 23,410
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.88% 20.87% 22.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,312 13,100 14,719
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £163 £175 £202
90th Percentile £608 £594 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +3.33% - +6.12%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,508 1,234 1,302
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.06% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.96 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.83 £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £16.81 £16.00
% change year-on-year -1.81% +5.03% -

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 19 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 19 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -20 371 £500 +11.11% 190
London -6 206 £525 +2.44% 85
UK excluding London -16 178 £425 +6.25% 116
South East -28 69 £506 +26.40% 25
Midlands +12 34 £405 +4.52% 11
West Midlands +6 34 £405 -17.05% 5
North of England -36 22 £368 -12.50% 27
East of England +7 20 £425 +13.33% 23
South West -18 19 £379 -8.11% 19
Yorkshire -6 14 £368 -12.50% 8
Scotland -21 8 - - 1
North West -36 7 £291 -29.39% 15
Wales - 6 £525 - 10
North East +2 1 - - 4

For the 6 months to 19 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 390 (100.00%) Linux
2 211 (54.10%) Python
3 209 (53.59%) Docker
4 208 (53.33%) DevOps
5 186 (47.69%) Jenkins
6 169 (43.33%) Puppet
7 168 (43.08%) Agile Software Development
8 148 (37.95%) Windows
9 142 (36.41%) Git (software)
10 137 (35.13%) CentOS
11 136 (34.87%) Java
12 131 (33.59%) Ansible
13 128 (32.82%) Continuous Integration
14 127 (32.56%) Amazon AWS
15 121 (31.03%) Red Hat
16 113 (28.97%) Google
17 104 (26.67%) Bash Shell
18 102 (26.15%) MongoDB
19 99 (25.38%) JavaScript
20 98 (25.13%) Grafana
21 97 (24.87%) GitHub
22 95 (24.36%) Perl
23 94 (24.10%) Nagios
23 94 (24.10%) Configuration Management
23 94 (24.10%) Ruby
24 91 (23.33%) Kubernetes
25 86 (22.05%) Open Source
26 84 (21.54%) Terraform
27 83 (21.28%) Selenium
28 82 (21.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 76 (19.49%) nginx
2 74 (18.97%) Tomcat
3 67 (17.18%) Apache
4 35 (8.97%) IIS
5 24 (6.15%) Elasticsearch
6 23 (5.90%) Confluence
7 21 (5.38%) JBoss
8 17 (4.36%) WebLogic
9 16 (4.10%) Jetty
9 16 (4.10%) OpenStack
10 14 (3.59%) Mongrel
10 14 (3.59%) WebSphere
11 8 (2.05%) Apache Spark
11 8 (2.05%) CMS
11 8 (2.05%) Drupal
12 7 (1.79%) SharePoint
13 6 (1.54%) MS Exchange
14 5 (1.28%) Gunicorn
14 5 (1.28%) WildFly
15 4 (1.03%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 9 (2.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (2.05%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.26%) HipChat
3 1 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.26%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (1.28%) Oracle Cash Management
2 3 (0.77%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.77%) Towers Watson Igloo
3 1 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.26%) Markit EDM
Cloud Services
1 127 (32.56%) Amazon AWS
2 97 (24.87%) GitHub
3 70 (17.95%) Microsoft Azure
4 51 (13.08%) Google Analytics
5 43 (11.03%) AWS CloudFormation
6 30 (7.69%) Google Cloud Platform
7 28 (7.18%) Datadog
8 25 (6.41%) Amazon EC2
9 24 (6.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 24 (6.15%) Cloud Computing
10 18 (4.62%) SaaS
11 16 (4.10%) IaaS
12 15 (3.85%) OpenShift
13 13 (3.33%) PaaS
13 13 (3.33%) Serverless
14 12 (3.08%) Sumo Logic
15 11 (2.82%) Amazon S3
16 10 (2.56%) Route 53
17 9 (2.31%) AWS Lambda
18 8 (2.05%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 81 (20.77%) HTTP
2 74 (18.97%) TCP/IP
3 56 (14.36%) SSL
4 48 (12.31%) Firewall
5 40 (10.26%) DNS
6 23 (5.90%) VPN
7 14 (3.59%) Kerberos
8 13 (3.33%) Internet
9 12 (3.08%) DHCP
10 10 (2.56%) LAN
11 9 (2.31%) Junos
11 9 (2.31%) WAN
12 8 (2.05%) BGP
12 8 (2.05%) MPLS
12 8 (2.05%) OpenVPN
12 8 (2.05%) OSPF
13 7 (1.79%) SAN
14 6 (1.54%) VLAN
15 5 (1.28%) BIG-IP
15 5 (1.28%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 102 (26.15%) MongoDB
2 71 (18.21%) NoSQL
3 54 (13.85%) PostgreSQL
4 45 (11.54%) SQL Server
5 44 (11.28%) MySQL
6 20 (5.13%) Big Data
7 13 (3.33%) Amazon RDS
8 12 (3.08%) SQL Server 2014
9 11 (2.82%) Apache Cassandra
9 11 (2.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 10 (2.56%) Redis
11 9 (2.31%) Amazon Redshift
12 8 (2.05%) MS Access
13 7 (1.79%) Neo4j
14 6 (1.54%) Hadoop
14 6 (1.54%) Relational Database
15 5 (1.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 4 (1.03%) Couchbase
16 4 (1.03%) HBase
16 4 (1.03%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 186 (47.69%) Jenkins
2 142 (36.41%) Git (software)
3 83 (21.28%) Selenium
4 69 (17.69%) Cucumber
5 61 (15.64%) Ant
6 53 (13.59%) Gatling
7 51 (13.08%) IntelliJ
8 48 (12.31%) Bitbucket
9 40 (10.26%) Artifactory
9 40 (10.26%) Grunt
9 40 (10.26%) gulp
9 40 (10.26%) Sublime Text
10 39 (10.00%) Karma Test Runner
11 36 (9.23%) JUnit
12 32 (8.21%) Maven
13 31 (7.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 31 (7.95%) JIRA
14 29 (7.44%) TeamCity
14 29 (7.44%) Travis CI
15 28 (7.18%) Vagrant
General
1 19 (4.87%) Finance
2 14 (3.59%) Banking
3 11 (2.82%) Telecoms
4 6 (1.54%) Publishing
5 5 (1.28%) Retail
6 4 (1.03%) Marketing
7 3 (0.77%) Financial Institution
7 3 (0.77%) Manufacturing
8 2 (0.51%) Advertising
8 2 (0.51%) Electronics
8 2 (0.51%) Law
8 2 (0.51%) Spanish Language
9 1 (0.26%) Aerospace
9 1 (0.26%) Automotive
9 1 (0.26%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 122 (31.28%) DevOps Engineer
2 92 (23.59%) Developer
3 38 (9.74%) Linux Engineer
4 29 (7.44%) Administrator
5 28 (7.18%) Java Developer
6 26 (6.67%) Linux Administrator
7 22 (5.64%) AWS DevOps
7 22 (5.64%) Systems Administrator
8 21 (5.38%) Scala Developer
9 20 (5.13%) AWS Engineer
9 20 (5.13%) Linux Systems Administrator
10 19 (4.87%) Architect
10 19 (4.87%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 18 (4.62%) Systems Engineer
12 13 (3.33%) Python Developer
13 12 (3.08%) Azure DevOps
13 12 (3.08%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 12 (3.08%) Azure Engineer
13 12 (3.08%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 12 (3.08%) Unix Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 71 (18.21%) Node.js
2 66 (16.92%) Gherkin
3 62 (15.90%) Servlets
4 52 (13.33%) CSS
5 50 (12.82%) AngularJS
5 50 (12.82%) REST
6 45 (11.54%) jQuery
6 45 (11.54%) XML
7 42 (10.77%) LDAP
8 41 (10.51%) Elastic Stack
9 39 (10.00%) Kafka
10 38 (9.74%) HTML
11 37 (9.49%) JSON
12 33 (8.46%) Spring
13 32 (8.21%) Play Framework
14 22 (5.64%) LAMP
15 21 (5.38%) Web Services
16 20 (5.13%) HTML5
16 20 (5.13%) SOAP
17 19 (4.87%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 33 (8.46%) Device Driver
2 20 (5.13%) Linux Command Line
3 16 (4.10%) Analytical Skills
3 16 (4.10%) Public Cloud
4 12 (3.08%) Computer Science
4 12 (3.08%) PKI
5 11 (2.82%) Replication
6 9 (2.31%) Clustering
6 9 (2.31%) Greenfield Project
7 8 (2.05%) Smart Home
8 6 (1.54%) Fat Client
8 6 (1.54%) Thin Client
9 5 (1.28%) Algorithms
9 5 (1.28%) Data Centre
9 5 (1.28%) Management Information System
9 5 (1.28%) Over-the-Top Content
10 4 (1.03%) Mobile App
10 4 (1.03%) Self-Motivation
10 4 (1.03%) User Experience
11 3 (0.77%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 390 (100.00%) Linux
2 148 (37.95%) Windows
3 137 (35.13%) CentOS
4 82 (21.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 79 (20.26%) Unix
6 50 (12.82%) Windows Server
7 45 (11.54%) Debian
8 26 (6.67%) Windows Server 2008
9 16 (4.10%) Windows Server 2012
10 15 (3.85%) Fedora
11 13 (3.33%) SUSE
12 12 (3.08%) CoreOS
13 9 (2.31%) Windows 10
13 9 (2.31%) Windows 7
14 8 (2.05%) DC/OS
15 7 (1.79%) Mac OS X
16 4 (1.03%) Amazon Linux
16 4 (1.03%) Solaris
16 4 (1.03%) VMS
17 3 (0.77%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 208 (53.33%) DevOps
2 168 (43.08%) Agile Software Development
3 128 (32.82%) Continuous Integration
4 94 (24.10%) Configuration Management
5 86 (22.05%) Open Source
6 82 (21.03%) Test Automation
7 75 (19.23%) Analytics
8 46 (11.79%) Microservices
9 42 (10.77%) High Availability
9 42 (10.77%) Problem-Solving
10 39 (10.00%) Continuous Delivery
10 39 (10.00%) Immutable Infrastructure
11 37 (9.49%) Site Reliability Engineering
12 28 (7.18%) Continuous Improvement
13 24 (6.15%) Scrum
14 21 (5.38%) Change Control
15 20 (5.13%) Software Engineering
16 18 (4.62%) Mentoring
17 17 (4.36%) Cloud Operations
17 17 (4.36%) Process Improvement
Programming Languages
1 211 (54.10%) Python
2 136 (34.87%) Java
3 104 (26.67%) Bash Shell
4 99 (25.38%) JavaScript
5 95 (24.36%) Perl
6 94 (24.10%) Ruby
7 75 (19.23%) SQL
8 66 (16.92%) C#
9 58 (14.87%) Go
10 57 (14.62%) Groovy
11 53 (13.59%) Scala
12 47 (12.05%) Haskell
13 34 (8.72%) PowerShell
14 28 (7.18%) PHP
15 22 (5.64%) Shell Script
16 12 (3.08%) C++
17 11 (2.82%) R
18 10 (2.56%) T-SQL
18 10 (2.56%) VBScript
19 7 (1.79%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 73 (18.72%) Security Cleared
2 67 (17.18%) SC Cleared
3 14 (3.59%) Degree
4 12 (3.08%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (2.05%) DV Cleared
6 5 (1.28%) Microsoft Certification
7 4 (1.03%) MCSE
8 2 (0.51%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.51%) CCNA
8 2 (0.51%) Cisco Certification
8 2 (0.51%) CISSP
8 2 (0.51%) MCITP
9 1 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.26%) CompTIA Security+
9 1 (0.26%) MCSA
9 1 (0.26%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (5.13%) QA
2 3 (0.77%) JSP 440
3 1 (0.26%) Government Security Classifications
3 1 (0.26%) SLA
System Software
1 209 (53.59%) Docker
2 49 (12.56%) VMware Infrastructure
3 35 (8.97%) Active Directory
4 29 (7.44%) Hyper-V
5 28 (7.18%) Virtual Machines
6 27 (6.92%) VirtualBox
7 14 (3.59%) vSphere
8 13 (3.33%) KVM
9 12 (3.08%) iptables
10 11 (2.82%) NFS
11 9 (2.31%) Postfix
12 7 (1.79%) Samba
12 7 (1.79%) Squid
12 7 (1.79%) VMware ESXi
13 6 (1.54%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 6 (1.54%) Virtual Servers
13 6 (1.54%) XenApp
14 5 (1.28%) HDFS
15 4 (1.03%) VMware NSX
15 4 (1.03%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 169 (43.33%) Puppet
2 131 (33.59%) Ansible
3 98 (25.13%) Grafana
4 94 (24.10%) Nagios
5 91 (23.33%) Kubernetes
6 84 (21.54%) Terraform
7 82 (21.03%) Kibana
8 74 (18.97%) Opscode Chef
9 45 (11.54%) Prometheus
10 38 (9.74%) Icinga
11 29 (7.44%) Packer
12 20 (5.13%) Docker Swarm
12 20 (5.13%) logstash
13 19 (4.87%) Salt
14 16 (4.10%) ZABBIX
15 15 (3.85%) HAProxy
16 13 (3.33%) Galera Cluster
16 13 (3.33%) Graylog
17 10 (2.56%) Graphite
18 9 (2.31%) SELinux
Vendors
1 121 (31.03%) Red Hat
2 113 (28.97%) Google
3 73 (18.72%) VMware
4 52 (13.33%) Splunk
5 47 (12.05%) Microsoft
6 41 (10.51%) New Relic
7 28 (7.18%) AppDynamics
8 25 (6.41%) Adobe
9 22 (5.64%) Atlassian
10 18 (4.62%) Cisco
11 17 (4.36%) Juniper
12 15 (3.85%) Citrix
13 14 (3.59%) webMethods
14 13 (3.33%) Micro Focus
14 13 (3.33%) Oracle
15 12 (3.08%) SaltStack
16 11 (2.82%) Centrify
17 9 (2.31%) HP
17 9 (2.31%) IBM
18 6 (1.54%) Rackspace