Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for TCP/IP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited TCP/IP over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 257 279 204
Rank change year-on-year +22 -75 +16
Contract jobs citing TCP/IP 931 651 546
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.04% 0.98% 1.32%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.13% 8.56% 9.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 629 402 354
10th Percentile £188 £207 £182
25th Percentile £313 £325 £301
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% - +4.65%
75th Percentile £588 £550 £550
90th Percentile £700 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £450
% change year-on-year - -11.11% +12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 33 46
10th Percentile £20.75 £16.70 £14.00
25th Percentile £25.50 £19.00 £17.00
Median hourly rate £47.50 £40.00 £19.75
Median % change year-on-year +18.75% +102.53% -1.25%
75th Percentile £66.00 £50.00 £43.75
90th Percentile £76.50 £57.10 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.07 £39.50 £19.50
% change year-on-year +14.10% +102.56% +4.31%

TCP/IP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 10,195 7,601 5,569
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.38% 11.46% 13.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,773 4,870 3,395
10th Percentile £250 £231 £192
25th Percentile £400 £355 £319
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £438
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +2.86% +2.94%
75th Percentile £615 £550 £538
90th Percentile £700 £638 £637
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £413 £415
% change year-on-year +9.09% -0.60% +2.47%
Number of hourly rates quoted 380 354 288
10th Percentile £15.25 £12.23 £13.50
25th Percentile £17.00 £15.30 £16.25
Median hourly rate £29.06 £25.00 £25.03
Median % change year-on-year +16.24% -0.12% +19.19%
75th Percentile £52.81 £50.00 £46.25
90th Percentile £67.50 £64.50 £53.23
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £22.19 £20.00
% change year-on-year +1.42% +10.93% +7.54%

TCP/IP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing TCP/IP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing TCP/IP.

Daily rate trend for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing TCP/IP over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing TCP/IP.

Hourly rate trend for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing TCP/IP over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing TCP/IP within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +19 807 £463 +4.17% 323
UK excluding London +24 479 £400 - 243
Work from Home +29 425 £500 +11.11% 110
London -17 346 £538 +12.57% 94
South East -34 122 £375 -6.25% 61
North of England +15 115 £448 +16.23% 64
South West +31 76 £400 +4.23% 33
East of England +29 71 £375 -7.69% 27
North West +22 66 £461 +15.31% 32
Yorkshire -13 45 £400 +10.34% 26
Midlands -16 45 £363 +11.54% 42
Scotland -15 31 £400 -14.67% 7
West Midlands -27 30 £420 +24.44% 28
Wales -8 21 £525 +10.53% 7
East Midlands -5 14 £260 -20.00% 14
North East -7 6 £550 +34.56% 6
Isle of Man - 6 £550 -

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing TCP/IP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for TCP/IP.

1 489 (52.52%) Windows
2 348 (37.38%) DNS
3 302 (32.44%) Linux
4 276 (29.65%) Firewall
5 265 (28.46%) Active Directory
6 255 (27.39%) Microsoft
7 251 (26.96%) Cisco
8 249 (26.75%) Social Skills
9 228 (24.49%) WAN
10 220 (23.63%) VMware
11 212 (22.77%) Security Cleared
12 205 (22.02%) LAN
13 192 (20.62%) Microsoft 365
14 180 (19.33%) Python
15 179 (19.23%) SC Cleared
16 176 (18.90%) DHCP
17 175 (18.80%) AWS
18 169 (18.15%) Azure
18 169 (18.15%) Agile
19 165 (17.72%) Finance
19 165 (17.72%) VMware Infrastructure
20 159 (17.08%) SQL
21 151 (16.22%) VPN
22 145 (15.57%) Java
23 143 (15.36%) Windows Server
24 141 (15.15%) ITIL
25 139 (14.93%) DevOps
26 134 (14.39%) Problem-Solving
27 128 (13.75%) Network Security
27 128 (13.75%) Oracle

TCP/IP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (4.51%) nginx
2 41 (4.40%) MS Exchange
3 37 (3.97%) Confluence
4 30 (3.22%) Traefik
5 22 (2.36%) SharePoint
6 18 (1.93%) IIS
7 17 (1.83%) Apache
8 10 (1.07%) Exchange Server 2013
9 7 (0.75%) JBoss
9 7 (0.75%) OpenStack
9 7 (0.75%) Tomcat
10 6 (0.64%) WebSphere
11 5 (0.54%) Exchange Server 2003
12 4 (0.43%) Red Hat Fuse
13 2 (0.21%) Ethereum
13 2 (0.21%) IBM HTTP Server
13 2 (0.21%) MQSeries
13 2 (0.21%) SAS
13 2 (0.21%) WebSphere Application Server
14 1 (0.11%) CICS
Applications
1 87 (9.34%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (1.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (1.93%) MS Visio
3 14 (1.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.11%) AutoCAD
4 1 (0.11%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.11%) Snagit
Business Applications
1 11 (1.18%) assyst
1 11 (1.18%) BusinessWorks
2 9 (0.97%) RMDS
3 7 (0.75%) Remedy ITSM
4 5 (0.54%) SunGard Martini
5 3 (0.32%) Eikon
6 2 (0.21%) BASE24
6 2 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.21%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
Cloud Services
1 192 (20.62%) Microsoft 365
2 175 (18.80%) AWS
3 169 (18.15%) Azure
4 87 (9.34%) GCP
5 63 (6.77%) AWS CloudFormation
6 57 (6.12%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 49 (5.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 48 (5.16%) Amazon EC2
9 42 (4.51%) SaaS
10 39 (4.19%) PaaS
11 37 (3.97%) Cloud Computing
12 27 (2.90%) IaaS
13 24 (2.58%) Azure Active Directory
14 21 (2.26%) GitHub
15 14 (1.50%) OpenShift
15 14 (1.50%) Slack
16 10 (1.07%) Nutanix
16 10 (1.07%) OneDrive
17 9 (0.97%) Amazon S3
18 8 (0.86%) Azure AKS
Communications & Networking
1 348 (37.38%) DNS
2 276 (29.65%) Firewall
3 228 (24.49%) WAN
4 205 (22.02%) LAN
5 176 (18.90%) DHCP
6 151 (16.22%) VPN
7 128 (13.75%) Network Security
8 121 (13.00%) HTTP
9 119 (12.78%) OSPF
10 104 (11.17%) BGP
11 82 (8.81%) Ethernet
11 82 (8.81%) Wireless
12 65 (6.98%) Internet
13 62 (6.66%) VLAN
14 59 (6.34%) SD-WAN
15 58 (6.23%) MPLS
15 58 (6.23%) Wi-Fi
16 56 (6.02%) SNMP
16 56 (6.02%) VoIP
17 49 (5.26%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (8.06%) SQL Server
2 40 (4.30%) Relational Database
3 27 (2.90%) MySQL
3 27 (2.90%) Oracle Database
3 27 (2.90%) Oracle Database 12c
4 20 (2.15%) MongoDB
4 20 (2.15%) NoSQL
5 16 (1.72%) Data Mining
5 16 (1.72%) DB2
6 14 (1.50%) PostgreSQL
7 8 (0.86%) Elasticsearch
7 8 (0.86%) MS Access
7 8 (0.86%) Redis
8 6 (0.64%) Amazon RDS
9 5 (0.54%) Amazon Redshift
9 5 (0.54%) DynamoDB
10 4 (0.43%) MariaDB
11 3 (0.32%) Power BI
11 3 (0.32%) RDBMS
12 2 (0.21%) DTS
Development Applications
1 99 (10.63%) Git (software)
2 86 (9.24%) Jenkins
3 78 (8.38%) Visual Studio
4 51 (5.48%) Eclipse
5 42 (4.51%) JIRA
6 39 (4.19%) GitLab
7 23 (2.47%) Artifactory
7 23 (2.47%) Subversion
8 21 (2.26%) Maven
9 20 (2.15%) Bitbucket
9 20 (2.15%) Robot Framework
10 18 (1.93%) NetBeans
11 16 (1.72%) TeamCity
12 15 (1.61%) Cucumber
12 15 (1.61%) Fiddler
12 15 (1.61%) Sonatype Nexus
13 14 (1.50%) Appium
13 14 (1.50%) Selenium
13 14 (1.50%) Zephyr
14 13 (1.40%) REST Assured
General
1 249 (26.75%) Social Skills
2 165 (17.72%) Finance
3 76 (8.16%) Banking
4 70 (7.52%) Public Sector
5 59 (6.34%) Presentation Skills
6 58 (6.23%) Analytical Skills
7 41 (4.40%) Telecoms
8 35 (3.76%) Investment Banking
9 33 (3.54%) Military
10 30 (3.22%) Financial Institution
11 27 (2.90%) Documentation Skills
12 24 (2.58%) Aerospace
13 23 (2.47%) Front Office
14 22 (2.36%) Back Office
15 11 (1.18%) Law
16 10 (1.07%) Automotive
17 9 (0.97%) Mandarin Language
18 8 (0.86%) Organisational Skills
18 8 (0.86%) Retail
18 8 (0.86%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 145 (15.57%) Network Engineer
2 86 (9.24%) Analyst
3 81 (8.70%) Support Engineer
4 78 (8.38%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 65 (6.98%) DevOps Engineer
6 62 (6.66%) Developer
7 59 (6.34%) 2nd Line Support
8 48 (5.16%) Security Engineer
9 44 (4.73%) Software Engineer
10 40 (4.30%) Support Analyst
11 39 (4.19%) Consultant
12 37 (3.97%) C++ Software Engineer
13 34 (3.65%) 2nd Line Engineer
14 32 (3.44%) 2nd Line Support Engineer
14 32 (3.44%) C# Software Engineer
15 31 (3.33%) Architect
15 31 (3.33%) C++ Developer
16 30 (3.22%) Desktop Support
17 27 (2.90%) Junior
18 25 (2.69%) IT Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 84 (9.02%) .NET
2 62 (6.66%) REST
3 52 (5.59%) LDAP
4 51 (5.48%) Web Services
5 46 (4.94%) XML
6 45 (4.83%) JSON
7 42 (4.51%) SOAP
8 40 (4.30%) cloud-init
9 36 (3.87%) .NET Framework
10 31 (3.33%) Middleware
11 28 (3.01%) 802.1X
12 27 (2.90%) .NET Core
12 27 (2.90%) AngularJS
12 27 (2.90%) Boost C++ Libraries
12 27 (2.90%) STL
13 25 (2.69%) Node.js
14 19 (2.04%) HTML
14 19 (2.04%) Kafka
14 19 (2.04%) Qt
15 18 (1.93%) MFC
Miscellaneous
1 100 (10.74%) Data Centre
2 69 (7.41%) PKI
3 56 (6.02%) Clustering
4 42 (4.51%) Self-Motivation
5 30 (3.22%) Management Information System
6 26 (2.79%) Fixed Income
7 25 (2.69%) iPad
8 22 (2.36%) Video Conferencing
9 21 (2.26%) Derivative
9 21 (2.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 20 (2.15%) Mobile App
11 19 (2.04%) CCTV
11 19 (2.04%) Enterprise Storage
12 17 (1.83%) Private Cloud
13 15 (1.61%) Algorithms
13 15 (1.61%) Cloud Native
13 15 (1.61%) CMDB
13 15 (1.61%) NHS
13 15 (1.61%) Public Cloud
14 13 (1.40%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 489 (52.52%) Windows
2 302 (32.44%) Linux
3 143 (15.36%) Windows Server
4 124 (13.32%) Unix
5 121 (13.00%) Windows 10
6 74 (7.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 53 (5.69%) CentOS
8 36 (3.87%) Windows Server 2012
9 35 (3.76%) Windows 7
10 33 (3.54%) Mac OS
10 33 (3.54%) Windows Server 2016
11 22 (2.36%) Windows Server 2008
12 19 (2.04%) Windows Server 2019
13 18 (1.93%) Android
14 15 (1.61%) Solaris
15 14 (1.50%) Apple iOS
15 14 (1.50%) Ubuntu
16 10 (1.07%) AIX
16 10 (1.07%) Oracle Linux
17 9 (0.97%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 169 (18.15%) Agile
2 141 (15.15%) ITIL
3 139 (14.93%) DevOps
4 134 (14.39%) Problem-Solving
5 103 (11.06%) Load Balancing
6 90 (9.67%) Continuous Integration
7 89 (9.56%) Configuration Management
8 87 (9.34%) CI/CD
9 84 (9.02%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 82 (8.81%) Unit Testing
11 73 (7.84%) Migration
12 71 (7.63%) Software Engineering
13 65 (6.98%) Test Automation
14 63 (6.77%) Cybersecurity
15 60 (6.44%) Change Management
16 56 (6.02%) Scrum
17 51 (5.48%) Synthetic Environment
18 50 (5.37%) SIEM
19 49 (5.26%) Mentoring
20 48 (5.16%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 180 (19.33%) Python
2 159 (17.08%) SQL
3 145 (15.57%) Java
4 119 (12.78%) PowerShell
5 116 (12.46%) Bash
6 115 (12.35%) C#
7 105 (11.28%) C++
8 69 (7.41%) JavaScript
9 48 (5.16%) Perl
10 42 (4.51%) Ruby
11 40 (4.30%) Go
12 33 (3.54%) Shell Script
13 28 (3.01%) C
14 18 (1.93%) GLSL
14 18 (1.93%) HLSL
15 11 (1.18%) Korn
16 9 (0.97%) TypeScript
17 7 (0.75%) VBScript
18 5 (0.54%) C-shell
18 5 (0.54%) PHP
Qualifications
1 212 (22.77%) Security Cleared
2 179 (19.23%) SC Cleared
3 122 (13.10%) Cisco Certification
4 85 (9.13%) CCNP
5 71 (7.63%) Degree
6 41 (4.40%) CCNA
7 32 (3.44%) CCIE
8 30 (3.22%) Microsoft Certification
9 28 (3.01%) DV Cleared
10 27 (2.90%) CCDP
11 20 (2.15%) BPSS Clearance
12 17 (1.83%) CISSP
13 15 (1.61%) ITIL Certification
14 14 (1.50%) CEH
15 13 (1.40%) Computer Science Degree
15 13 (1.40%) MCSE
16 10 (1.07%) SANS
17 9 (0.97%) SSCP
18 8 (0.86%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
18 8 (0.86%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (4.51%) SLA
2 40 (4.30%) NCSC
3 19 (2.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 18 (1.93%) QA
5 13 (1.40%) Accessibility
5 13 (1.40%) WCAG
6 11 (1.18%) PMO
7 8 (0.86%) GDPR
7 8 (0.86%) NIST
8 4 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 4 (0.43%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 3 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.21%) ISO 8583
10 2 (0.21%) NIST 800
10 2 (0.21%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
11 1 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 1 (0.11%) Data Quality
11 1 (0.11%) GPG13
System Software
1 265 (28.46%) Active Directory
2 165 (17.72%) VMware Infrastructure
3 63 (6.77%) Docker
4 43 (4.62%) VMware ESXi
5 37 (3.97%) Virtual Machines
6 36 (3.87%) Hyper-V
7 30 (3.22%) vSphere
8 22 (2.36%) NFS
9 16 (1.72%) Virtual Desktop
10 12 (1.29%) Firmware
11 9 (0.97%) Virtual Servers
12 8 (0.86%) KVM
13 7 (0.75%) ProxySG
14 5 (0.54%) vCloud
14 5 (0.54%) VMware NSX
14 5 (0.54%) VMware Workstation
15 4 (0.43%) Microsoft Virtual Server
16 3 (0.32%) Veritas File System
16 3 (0.32%) Veritas Volume Manager
16 3 (0.32%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 113 (12.14%) Ansible
2 105 (11.28%) Terraform
3 77 (8.27%) Kubernetes
4 75 (8.06%) SCCM
5 51 (5.48%) Prometheus
6 46 (4.94%) ZABBIX
7 44 (4.73%) Puppet
8 40 (4.30%) Packer
9 38 (4.08%) Graphite
10 34 (3.65%) HAProxy
11 33 (3.54%) Docker Swarm
12 31 (3.33%) Istio
12 31 (3.33%) Podman
13 30 (3.22%) BladeLogic
13 30 (3.22%) Consul
13 30 (3.22%) linkerd
14 23 (2.47%) Microsoft Intune
15 22 (2.36%) Active Directory Federation Services
16 21 (2.26%) Grafana
17 20 (2.15%) WSUS
Vendors
1 255 (27.39%) Microsoft
2 251 (26.96%) Cisco
3 220 (23.63%) VMware
4 128 (13.75%) Oracle
5 99 (10.63%) Splunk
6 84 (9.02%) Juniper
7 80 (8.59%) F5
8 59 (6.34%) Palo Alto
9 49 (5.26%) Meraki
10 46 (4.94%) Red Hat
11 45 (4.83%) PagerDuty
12 38 (4.08%) Citrix
12 38 (4.08%) Fortinet
13 35 (3.76%) Google
13 35 (3.76%) HP
14 32 (3.44%) Arista
14 32 (3.44%) NetApp
15 31 (3.33%) Dell
16 30 (3.22%) CheckPoint
17 28 (3.01%) Apple