Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for TCP/IP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited TCP/IP over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 243 186 192
Rank change year-on-year -57 +6 -6
Contract jobs citing TCP/IP 537 860 1,389
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.02% 1.44% 1.44%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 8.91% 10.48% 11.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 327 544 924
10th Percentile £204 £180 £178
25th Percentile £305 £298 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £425 £450 £440
Median % change year-on-year -5.56% +2.27% +0.57%
75th Percentile £538 £550 £550
90th Percentile £600 £650 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £380 £435 £403
% change year-on-year -12.54% +7.95% +0.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 87 74
10th Percentile £16.02 £14.00 £14.75
25th Percentile £19.00 £16.25 £16.00
Median hourly rate £24.00 £19.00 £21.25
Median % change year-on-year +26.32% -10.59% +40.59%
75th Percentile £53.38 £46.51 £46.88
90th Percentile £63.08 £50.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £18.25 £23.75
% change year-on-year +23.29% -23.16% +63.79%

TCP/IP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 6,025 8,205 12,176
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.48% 13.70% 12.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,882 5,022 7,657
10th Percentile £220 £175 £200
25th Percentile £341 £310 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £445 £425 £425
Median % change year-on-year +4.71% - +2.41%
75th Percentile £538 £525 £538
90th Percentile £613 £605 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 291 484 547
10th Percentile £13.00 £13.08 £12.00
25th Percentile £16.00 £15.75 £14.19
Median hourly rate £26.50 £21.00 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +26.19% +16.67% -3.74%
75th Percentile £48.75 £45.00 £43.75
90th Percentile £58.75 £52.01 £49.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £19.00 £17.00
% change year-on-year +31.58% +11.76% -5.71%

TCP/IP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing TCP/IP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing TCP/IP.

Daily rate trend for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing TCP/IP over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing TCP/IP.

Hourly rate trend for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing TCP/IP over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing TCP/IP within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -45 463 £425 -5.56% 330
UK excluding London -25 277 £380 -12.54% 258
London -28 194 £460 +2.22% 96
Work from Home -152 115 £460 +3.37% 37
South East +36 109 £410 -0.61% 67
North of England -3 64 £350 -28.21% 71
Yorkshire +4 35 £335 -18.79% 27
Midlands +14 31 £325 -7.14% 41
North West +3 25 £385 -21.03% 34
Scotland -36 25 £230 -52.58% 10
East of England -18 23 £425 -5.56% 31
South West +29 21 £300 -7.69% 24
West Midlands +28 21 £290 -10.77% 30
East Midlands +7 9 £375 -11.76% 11
Wales -4 5 £400 - 10
North East +24 4 £405 -40.00% 10

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing TCP/IP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for TCP/IP.

1 190 (35.38%) Linux
2 186 (34.64%) Windows
3 176 (32.77%) Firewall
4 154 (28.68%) DNS
5 151 (28.12%) Microsoft
6 116 (21.60%) Cisco
6 116 (21.60%) WAN
7 112 (20.86%) LAN
8 104 (19.37%) VPN
8 104 (19.37%) Security Cleared
9 102 (18.99%) Active Directory
10 101 (18.81%) DHCP
11 100 (18.62%) Agile Software Development
12 98 (18.25%) VMware
13 87 (16.20%) Finance
14 86 (16.01%) Cisco Certification
14 86 (16.01%) Azure
15 81 (15.08%) HTTP
16 78 (14.53%) Python
17 77 (14.34%) Ansible
17 77 (14.34%) DevOps
18 73 (13.59%) SSL
19 70 (13.04%) AWS
19 70 (13.04%) Windows Server
20 69 (12.85%) SC Cleared
21 63 (11.73%) VMware Infrastructure
22 61 (11.36%) Microsoft Office
23 58 (10.80%) CCNP
23 58 (10.80%) PowerShell
24 57 (10.61%) Microsoft 365

TCP/IP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (5.59%) SharePoint
2 25 (4.66%) Apache
2 25 (4.66%) Confluence
3 23 (4.28%) IIS
4 15 (2.79%) Tomcat
5 14 (2.61%) MS Exchange
6 11 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
6 11 (2.05%) nginx
7 10 (1.86%) CICS
8 9 (1.68%) WebSphere
9 8 (1.49%) OpenStack
10 4 (0.74%) Drupal
10 4 (0.74%) Exchange Server 2010
10 4 (0.74%) Jetty
10 4 (0.74%) Mailman
10 4 (0.74%) Mongrel
10 4 (0.74%) Skype for Business
11 3 (0.56%) Apache Synapse
11 3 (0.56%) CMS
11 3 (0.56%) JBoss
Applications
1 61 (11.36%) Microsoft Office
2 27 (5.03%) MS Visio
3 26 (4.84%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.93%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.19%) CATIA
Business Applications
1 3 (0.56%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.19%) assyst
2 1 (0.19%) BusinessWorks
2 1 (0.19%) Maximo
2 1 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.19%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 86 (16.01%) Azure
2 70 (13.04%) AWS
3 57 (10.61%) Microsoft 365
4 31 (5.77%) GCP
5 20 (3.72%) PaaS
6 17 (3.17%) Azure Active Directory
7 16 (2.98%) Amazon EC2
7 16 (2.98%) Cloud Computing
8 15 (2.79%) GitHub
9 13 (2.42%) SaaS
10 12 (2.23%) IaaS
11 8 (1.49%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 8 (1.49%) Google Analytics
11 8 (1.49%) OneDrive
12 7 (1.30%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 5 (0.93%) AWS CloudFormation
14 4 (0.74%) Google App Engine
15 3 (0.56%) Azure Data Factory
16 2 (0.37%) IBM Cloud
16 2 (0.37%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 176 (32.77%) Firewall
2 154 (28.68%) DNS
3 116 (21.60%) WAN
4 112 (20.86%) LAN
5 104 (19.37%) VPN
6 101 (18.81%) DHCP
7 81 (15.08%) HTTP
8 73 (13.59%) SSL
9 55 (10.24%) Internet
10 48 (8.94%) Network Security
10 48 (8.94%) SMTP
11 47 (8.75%) SNMP
11 47 (8.75%) VLAN
12 46 (8.57%) BGP
13 43 (8.01%) Wireless
14 41 (7.64%) FTP
14 41 (7.64%) MPLS
14 41 (7.64%) OSPF
14 41 (7.64%) VoIP
15 39 (7.26%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (5.59%) SQL Server
2 20 (3.72%) Relational Database
3 17 (3.17%) NoSQL
4 13 (2.42%) PostgreSQL
5 10 (1.86%) MySQL
6 8 (1.49%) Apache Cassandra
7 7 (1.30%) MongoDB
7 7 (1.30%) RDBMS
8 6 (1.12%) SQL Server 2008
9 4 (0.74%) Azure SQL Database
9 4 (0.74%) Hazelcast
9 4 (0.74%) Redis
10 3 (0.56%) Oracle Reports
11 2 (0.37%) Amazon RDS
11 2 (0.37%) Data Mining
11 2 (0.37%) DB2
11 2 (0.37%) Electronic Patient Records
11 2 (0.37%) Oracle Database
11 2 (0.37%) Oracle Database 11g
11 2 (0.37%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 55 (10.24%) JIRA
2 52 (9.68%) Git (software)
3 51 (9.50%) Jenkins
4 14 (2.61%) Cucumber
4 14 (2.61%) Selenium
5 13 (2.42%) Subversion
6 11 (2.05%) Gatling
6 11 (2.05%) Visual Studio
7 10 (1.86%) Eclipse
7 10 (1.86%) NetBeans
8 7 (1.30%) JUnit
9 6 (1.12%) SoapUI
9 6 (1.12%) Travis CI
10 5 (0.93%) Redmine
10 5 (0.93%) TeamCity
11 4 (0.74%) GitLab
11 4 (0.74%) JMeter
11 4 (0.74%) Rational Rhapsody
12 3 (0.56%) GDB
12 3 (0.56%) gulp
General
1 87 (16.20%) Finance
2 52 (9.68%) Telecoms
3 47 (8.75%) Banking
4 19 (3.54%) Public Sector
5 16 (2.98%) Law
6 12 (2.23%) Aerospace
7 11 (2.05%) Military
8 9 (1.68%) Financial Institution
8 9 (1.68%) Retail
9 7 (1.30%) Investment Banking
9 7 (1.30%) Legal
10 5 (0.93%) Front Office
11 3 (0.56%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.37%) Back Office
12 2 (0.37%) Electronics
12 2 (0.37%) International Banking
13 1 (0.19%) Automotive
13 1 (0.19%) Billing
13 1 (0.19%) Marketing
13 1 (0.19%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 88 (16.39%) Network Engineer
2 43 (8.01%) Architect
3 36 (6.70%) Analyst
4 34 (6.33%) Developer
4 34 (6.33%) Support Engineer
5 30 (5.59%) Consultant
6 25 (4.66%) DevOps Engineer
7 22 (4.10%) Security Engineer
8 21 (3.91%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 15 (2.79%) Administrator
9 15 (2.79%) Platform Engineer
9 15 (2.79%) Software Engineer
10 13 (2.42%) IT Engineer
10 13 (2.42%) IT Support
10 13 (2.42%) Network Programmer
10 13 (2.42%) Programmer
10 13 (2.42%) Systems Programmer
11 12 (2.23%) Java Developer
11 12 (2.23%) Network Architect
11 12 (2.23%) Network Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (7.82%) Web Services
2 31 (5.77%) 802.1X
2 31 (5.77%) XML
3 29 (5.40%) REST
4 21 (3.91%) Node.js
5 20 (3.72%) .NET
5 20 (3.72%) JSON
6 15 (2.79%) LDAP
7 14 (2.61%) HTML
8 13 (2.42%) Qt
9 12 (2.23%) SOAP
10 11 (2.05%) Elastic Stack
10 11 (2.05%) FIX Protocol
10 11 (2.05%) Kafka
10 11 (2.05%) RESTful
11 10 (1.86%) Gherkin
12 8 (1.49%) AngularJS
12 8 (1.49%) HTML5
12 8 (1.49%) Middleware
13 7 (1.30%) ActiveX
Miscellaneous
1 38 (7.08%) Analytical Skills
2 32 (5.96%) Data Centre
3 24 (4.47%) Mainframe
4 22 (4.10%) Clustering
4 22 (4.10%) Self-Motivation
5 14 (2.61%) Replication
6 13 (2.42%) Greenfield Project
7 12 (2.23%) Management Information System
8 11 (2.05%) Public Cloud
8 11 (2.05%) User Experience
9 10 (1.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 9 (1.68%) Fixed Income
11 8 (1.49%) Algorithms
11 8 (1.49%) Mobile App
11 8 (1.49%) Video Conferencing
12 7 (1.30%) Derivative
12 7 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
12 7 (1.30%) Fibre Optics
12 7 (1.30%) PKI
13 6 (1.12%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 190 (35.38%) Linux
2 186 (34.64%) Windows
3 70 (13.04%) Windows Server
4 46 (8.57%) Windows 10
5 44 (8.19%) Unix
6 41 (7.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 27 (5.03%) Windows Server 2012
8 19 (3.54%) Windows 7
8 19 (3.54%) Windows Server 2008
9 15 (2.79%) Windows Server 2016
10 14 (2.61%) Android
10 14 (2.61%) zOS
11 12 (2.23%) CentOS
12 9 (1.68%) Apple iOS
12 9 (1.68%) Windows Server 2019
13 8 (1.49%) MVS
13 8 (1.49%) SUSE
14 7 (1.30%) Embedded Linux
14 7 (1.30%) Ubuntu
15 6 (1.12%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 100 (18.62%) Agile Software Development
2 77 (14.34%) DevOps
3 49 (9.12%) Continuous Integration
3 49 (9.12%) ITIL
3 49 (9.12%) Software Engineering
4 47 (8.75%) Scrum
5 40 (7.45%) Change Management
6 39 (7.26%) Cybersecurity
6 39 (7.26%) Load Balancing
7 38 (7.08%) Problem-Solving
8 31 (5.77%) Configuration Management
8 31 (5.77%) Kalman Filter
8 31 (5.77%) Test Automation
9 28 (5.21%) Migration
9 28 (5.21%) Web Filtering
10 27 (5.03%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 26 (4.84%) Open Source
12 24 (4.47%) Disaster Recovery
12 24 (4.47%) Network Management
13 23 (4.28%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 78 (14.53%) Python
2 58 (10.80%) PowerShell
3 51 (9.50%) Java
4 48 (8.94%) SQL
5 41 (7.64%) C++
6 30 (5.59%) C#
7 29 (5.40%) JavaScript
8 25 (4.66%) Perl
9 18 (3.35%) C
10 14 (2.61%) Bash Shell
10 14 (2.61%) Shell Script
11 13 (2.42%) Ruby
12 9 (1.68%) Scala
13 7 (1.30%) GLSL
13 7 (1.30%) Groovy
13 7 (1.30%) Haskell
13 7 (1.30%) HLSL
14 6 (1.12%) Java 8
14 6 (1.12%) PL/SQL
14 6 (1.12%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 104 (19.37%) Security Cleared
2 86 (16.01%) Cisco Certification
3 69 (12.85%) SC Cleared
4 58 (10.80%) CCNP
5 54 (10.06%) CCNA
6 49 (9.12%) Degree
7 25 (4.66%) DV Cleared
8 24 (4.47%) Microsoft Certification
9 15 (2.79%) CCIE
10 13 (2.42%) Computer Science Degree
11 9 (1.68%) CISSP
12 8 (1.49%) BPSS Clearance
13 7 (1.30%) A+ Certification
14 6 (1.12%) CCDP
14 6 (1.12%) MCSE
15 5 (0.93%) BC Cleared
15 5 (0.93%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 5 (0.93%) MCSA
16 4 (0.74%) CCDA
16 4 (0.74%) CCDE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (3.54%) QA
2 17 (3.17%) SLA
3 7 (1.30%) GDPR
3 7 (1.30%) NIST
4 6 (1.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 6 (1.12%) WCAG
5 5 (0.93%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 17025
6 4 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 3 (0.56%) NCSC
8 2 (0.37%) MiFID
9 1 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.19%) GRC
9 1 (0.19%) HAZOP
9 1 (0.19%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.19%) HL7
9 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 1 (0.19%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.19%) PMO
System Software
1 102 (18.99%) Active Directory
2 63 (11.73%) VMware Infrastructure
3 42 (7.82%) Docker
4 24 (4.47%) VMware ESXi
5 13 (2.42%) Hyper-V
5 13 (2.42%) NFS
6 12 (2.23%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (1.68%) ProxySG
7 9 (1.68%) VMware NSX
7 9 (1.68%) vSphere
8 8 (1.49%) XenApp
9 6 (1.12%) Firmware
10 5 (0.93%) Snort
10 5 (0.93%) Virtual Desktop
11 4 (0.74%) Time Sharing Option
11 4 (0.74%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 4 (0.74%) Veritas File System
11 4 (0.74%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 4 (0.74%) Xen
11 4 (0.74%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 77 (14.34%) Ansible
2 40 (7.45%) Kubernetes
2 40 (7.45%) Puppet
3 23 (4.28%) SCCM
4 20 (3.72%) Opscode Chef
5 18 (3.35%) Red Hat Satellite
5 18 (3.35%) Terraform
6 15 (2.79%) FortiGate
7 13 (2.42%) Single Sign-On
8 12 (2.23%) Grafana
9 11 (2.05%) Cisco Prime
10 10 (1.86%) Kibana
11 9 (1.68%) Microsoft Intune
12 8 (1.49%) HP NNM
12 8 (1.49%) Tivoli NetView
13 7 (1.30%) SCOM
14 6 (1.12%) Nessus
14 6 (1.12%) Norton AntiVirus
14 6 (1.12%) SolarWinds Orion
14 6 (1.12%) WSUS
Vendors
1 151 (28.12%) Microsoft
2 116 (21.60%) Cisco
3 98 (18.25%) VMware
4 53 (9.87%) F5
5 45 (8.38%) Red Hat
6 39 (7.26%) Fortinet
6 39 (7.26%) IBM
7 34 (6.33%) CheckPoint
7 34 (6.33%) Oracle
8 33 (6.15%) Juniper
9 31 (5.77%) Palo Alto
10 28 (5.21%) Blue Coat
11 25 (4.66%) Citrix
11 25 (4.66%) HP
12 21 (3.91%) Google
13 20 (3.72%) Dell
14 17 (3.17%) SolarWinds
14 17 (3.17%) Symantec
15 15 (2.79%) EMC
15 15 (2.79%) McAfee