Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for TCP/IP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited TCP/IP over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
UK
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 280 212 209
Rank change year-on-year -68 -3 0
Contract jobs citing TCP/IP 702 467 1,269
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.99% 1.24% 1.37%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 8.70% 9.45% 10.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 443 313 804
10th Percentile £204 £178 £159
25th Percentile £325 £288 £300
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year - +5.88% -
75th Percentile £545 £563 £538
90th Percentile £650 £670 £594
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £445 £400
% change year-on-year -10.11% +11.25% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 35 97
10th Percentile £16.70 £15.69 £15.34
25th Percentile £19.00 £17.50 £16.25
Median hourly rate £42.50 £20.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +112.50% -4.76% +20.00%
75th Percentile £52.50 £44.88 £44.50
90th Percentile £57.10 £48.75 £51.35
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.50 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +97.50% - +14.29%

TCP/IP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 8,070 4,940 11,838
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.36% 13.17% 12.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,159 3,025 7,415
10th Percentile £237 £200 £200
25th Percentile £358 £322 £319
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £440 £425
Median % change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% -
75th Percentile £550 £538 £538
90th Percentile £650 £638 £607
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +1.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 367 251 563
10th Percentile £12.00 £14.25 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.00 £17.00 £15.25
Median hourly rate £22.37 £30.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -25.43% +33.33% +18.14%
75th Percentile £48.75 £46.25 £44.89
90th Percentile £65.00 £53.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £21.15
% change year-on-year - -5.44% +11.32%

TCP/IP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing TCP/IP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing TCP/IP.

Daily rate trend for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing TCP/IP over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing TCP/IP.

Hourly rate trend for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing TCP/IP over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing TCP/IP within the UK over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -45 583 £450 -1.37% 426
UK excluding London -36 339 £400 -10.11% 344
London -34 274 £475 - 118
Work from Home -174 133 £475 +6.50% 54
South East +14 128 £400 - 82
North of England -67 64 £400 -20.00% 83
Scotland -60 35 £469 +17.19% 16
South West +15 34 £396 -14.32% 50
Yorkshire -39 31 £350 -36.36% 17
Midlands -27 29 £375 +78.57% 48
East of England -28 28 £363 -19.44% 44
North West -40 27 £438 +7.69% 59
Wales +9 21 £479 +19.75% 19
West Midlands -32 19 £375 +78.57% 26
East Midlands -9 9 £375 +78.57% 22
North East +1 6 £409 +63.50% 7
Northern Ireland -2 2 - - 2

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing TCP/IP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for TCP/IP.

1 298 (42.45%) Windows
2 241 (34.33%) Linux
3 230 (32.76%) Firewall
4 214 (30.48%) DNS
5 191 (27.21%) Microsoft
6 168 (23.93%) Active Directory
7 164 (23.36%) VMware
8 150 (21.37%) Security Cleared
9 149 (21.23%) Social Skills
10 148 (21.08%) Cisco
11 137 (19.52%) LAN
11 137 (19.52%) Agile Software Development
12 132 (18.80%) DHCP
13 131 (18.66%) Azure
14 128 (18.23%) WAN
15 124 (17.66%) SC Cleared
16 123 (17.52%) Python
17 121 (17.24%) SQL
17 121 (17.24%) Finance
18 116 (16.52%) Windows Server
19 115 (16.38%) AWS
20 114 (16.24%) Microsoft 365
21 111 (15.81%) VMware Infrastructure
22 104 (14.81%) SSL
22 104 (14.81%) VPN
23 102 (14.53%) HTTP
23 102 (14.53%) DevOps
24 94 (13.39%) Java
24 94 (13.39%) ITIL
25 90 (12.82%) Oracle

TCP/IP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (6.13%) SharePoint
2 31 (4.42%) MS Exchange
3 28 (3.99%) Apache
4 26 (3.70%) Confluence
4 26 (3.70%) IIS
5 19 (2.71%) Tomcat
6 13 (1.85%) WebSphere
7 10 (1.42%) nginx
8 8 (1.14%) CICS
9 7 (1.00%) Jetty
9 7 (1.00%) Mongrel
9 7 (1.00%) OpenStack
9 7 (1.00%) Skype for Business
10 5 (0.71%) WebLogic
11 4 (0.57%) Elasticsearch
11 4 (0.57%) Exchange Server 2010
12 3 (0.43%) Drupal
13 2 (0.28%) Exchange Server 2013
13 2 (0.28%) Oracle HTTP Server
13 2 (0.28%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 76 (10.83%) Microsoft Office
2 28 (3.99%) MS Visio
3 19 (2.71%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 15 (2.14%) SunGard Martini
2 5 (0.71%) Sentinel
3 3 (0.43%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.28%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.14%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 131 (18.66%) Azure
2 115 (16.38%) AWS
3 114 (16.24%) Microsoft 365
4 43 (6.13%) GCP
5 31 (4.42%) GitHub
6 29 (4.13%) IaaS
7 23 (3.28%) PaaS
8 18 (2.56%) Amazon EC2
9 16 (2.28%) SaaS
10 15 (2.14%) Azure Active Directory
11 11 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
12 10 (1.42%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 9 (1.28%) Azure ExpressRoute
14 7 (1.00%) Google App Engine
15 6 (0.85%) Google Analytics
15 6 (0.85%) Siteimprove
16 5 (0.71%) AWS CloudFormation
16 5 (0.71%) IBM Cloud
16 5 (0.71%) Kong
16 5 (0.71%) WhatsApp
Communications & Networking
1 230 (32.76%) Firewall
2 214 (30.48%) DNS
3 137 (19.52%) LAN
4 132 (18.80%) DHCP
5 128 (18.23%) WAN
6 104 (14.81%) SSL
6 104 (14.81%) VPN
7 102 (14.53%) HTTP
8 58 (8.26%) SNMP
9 56 (7.98%) Internet
10 52 (7.41%) SAN
11 47 (6.70%) Ethernet
11 47 (6.70%) Wireless
12 46 (6.55%) VLAN
13 45 (6.41%) VoIP
14 44 (6.27%) OSPF
15 43 (6.13%) BGP
16 42 (5.98%) Cisco ASA
16 42 (5.98%) FTP
17 41 (5.84%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 62 (8.83%) SQL Server
2 33 (4.70%) Relational Database
3 32 (4.56%) MySQL
4 27 (3.85%) Hazelcast
4 27 (3.85%) Redis
5 18 (2.56%) Oracle Database
6 15 (2.14%) Oracle Database 12c
7 12 (1.71%) MongoDB
7 12 (1.71%) NoSQL
8 10 (1.42%) SQL Server 2008
9 9 (1.28%) Amazon RDS
9 9 (1.28%) RavenDB
10 8 (1.14%) PostgreSQL
10 8 (1.14%) RDBMS
11 6 (0.85%) DB2
12 5 (0.71%) Apache Cassandra
12 5 (0.71%) Big Data
13 4 (0.57%) Azure SQL Database
14 3 (0.43%) SQL Server 2012
15 2 (0.28%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 73 (10.40%) Git (software)
2 68 (9.69%) Jenkins
3 40 (5.70%) JIRA
4 29 (4.13%) Subversion
5 26 (3.70%) Visual Studio
6 25 (3.56%) TeamCity
7 21 (2.99%) Bitbucket
8 16 (2.28%) Artifactory
8 16 (2.28%) Robot Framework
9 15 (2.14%) CppUnit
9 15 (2.14%) Oracle APEX
9 15 (2.14%) Rational DOORS
10 11 (1.57%) Eclipse
10 11 (1.57%) NetBeans
11 10 (1.42%) Cucumber
11 10 (1.42%) JUnit
11 10 (1.42%) Selenium
12 7 (1.00%) Travis CI
13 6 (0.85%) Gatling
13 6 (0.85%) Pa11y
General
1 149 (21.23%) Social Skills
2 121 (17.24%) Finance
3 83 (11.82%) Banking
4 46 (6.55%) Telecoms
5 43 (6.13%) Analytical Skills
6 42 (5.98%) Investment Banking
7 31 (4.42%) Front Office
8 23 (3.28%) Military
8 23 (3.28%) Public Sector
9 18 (2.56%) Presentation Skills
10 16 (2.28%) Documentation Skills
11 13 (1.85%) Organisational Skills
12 12 (1.71%) Aerospace
12 12 (1.71%) Law
12 12 (1.71%) Retail
13 9 (1.28%) Back Office
13 9 (1.28%) Influencing Skills
14 6 (0.85%) Financial Institution
15 4 (0.57%) Legal
16 2 (0.28%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 83 (11.82%) Network Engineer
2 78 (11.11%) Developer
3 56 (7.98%) Support Engineer
4 54 (7.69%) Analyst
5 45 (6.41%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 43 (6.13%) Architect
6 43 (6.13%) Consultant
7 36 (5.13%) IT Support
8 34 (4.84%) DevOps Engineer
9 33 (4.70%) Security Engineer
10 31 (4.42%) Java Developer
11 30 (4.27%) IT Engineer
11 30 (4.27%) Senior Developer
12 28 (3.99%) Senior Java Developer
13 24 (3.42%) IT Support Engineer
14 20 (2.85%) Linux Engineer
15 19 (2.71%) Administrator
16 18 (2.56%) 2nd Line Support
16 18 (2.56%) C++ Developer
17 17 (2.42%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 64 (9.12%) .NET
2 61 (8.69%) Web Services
3 50 (7.12%) XML
4 48 (6.84%) REST
5 35 (4.99%) .NET Framework
6 34 (4.84%) JSON
7 31 (4.42%) RESTful
8 29 (4.13%) Spring
8 29 (4.13%) Spring Boot
9 27 (3.85%) LDAP
9 27 (3.85%) Memcached
10 25 (3.56%) Node.js
11 24 (3.42%) .NET Core
12 21 (2.99%) 802.1X
12 21 (2.99%) AngularJS
13 20 (2.85%) gRPC
13 20 (2.85%) HTML
13 20 (2.85%) STL
14 18 (2.56%) Boost C++ Libraries
15 16 (2.28%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 47 (6.70%) Data Centre
1 47 (6.70%) Self-Motivation
2 36 (5.13%) Algorithms
3 31 (4.42%) Clustering
4 29 (4.13%) Data Structures
5 27 (3.85%) Derivative
5 27 (3.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 23 (3.28%) Management Information System
7 19 (2.71%) Replication
8 18 (2.56%) Public Cloud
9 15 (2.14%) Mainframe
10 14 (1.99%) Fixed Income
10 14 (1.99%) PKI
11 13 (1.85%) Client/Server
12 11 (1.57%) Fibre Optics
13 10 (1.42%) Cyberthreat
14 9 (1.28%) iPad
14 9 (1.28%) Mobile App
15 8 (1.14%) Driving Licence
15 8 (1.14%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 298 (42.45%) Windows
2 241 (34.33%) Linux
3 116 (16.52%) Windows Server
4 73 (10.40%) Windows 10
5 54 (7.69%) Unix
6 50 (7.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 43 (6.13%) Windows Server 2012
8 35 (4.99%) Windows Server 2016
9 30 (4.27%) Windows Server 2019
10 28 (3.99%) Android
11 27 (3.85%) Windows 7
12 21 (2.99%) Apple iOS
13 19 (2.71%) Solaris
14 18 (2.56%) Windows Server 2008
15 10 (1.42%) zOS
16 9 (1.28%) CentOS
16 9 (1.28%) MVS
17 7 (1.00%) Oracle Linux
17 7 (1.00%) Windows 8
17 7 (1.00%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 137 (19.52%) Agile Software Development
2 102 (14.53%) DevOps
3 94 (13.39%) ITIL
4 79 (11.25%) Configuration Management
5 76 (10.83%) Scrum
6 62 (8.83%) Problem-Solving
7 57 (8.12%) Cybersecurity
8 56 (7.98%) Continuous Integration
9 53 (7.55%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 52 (7.41%) Multithreading
11 50 (7.12%) Migration
12 47 (6.70%) SIEM
13 45 (6.41%) Test Automation
14 44 (6.27%) Performance Tuning
15 42 (5.98%) Software Engineering
16 40 (5.70%) Information Security
17 39 (5.56%) High Availability
18 38 (5.41%) Change Management
19 32 (4.56%) Network Management
20 30 (4.27%) Customer Requirements
Programming Languages
1 123 (17.52%) Python
2 121 (17.24%) SQL
3 94 (13.39%) Java
4 87 (12.39%) PowerShell
5 59 (8.40%) C#
6 48 (6.84%) C++
7 38 (5.41%) Bash Shell
8 34 (4.84%) JavaScript
9 33 (4.70%) Scala
10 31 (4.42%) PL/SQL
11 28 (3.99%) Shell Script
12 27 (3.85%) Haskell
12 27 (3.85%) Java 8
13 26 (3.70%) Perl
14 19 (2.71%) VBScript
15 18 (2.56%) C
16 12 (1.71%) PHP
17 10 (1.42%) GLSL
17 10 (1.42%) HLSL
18 7 (1.00%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 150 (21.37%) Security Cleared
2 124 (17.66%) SC Cleared
3 88 (12.54%) Cisco Certification
4 54 (7.69%) CCNA
5 53 (7.55%) Degree
6 52 (7.41%) CCNP
7 31 (4.42%) DV Cleared
8 28 (3.99%) Microsoft Certification
9 17 (2.42%) CCIE
9 17 (2.42%) Computer Science Degree
10 16 (2.28%) MCSE
11 15 (2.14%) CISSP
12 12 (1.71%) ITIL Certification
13 8 (1.14%) MCSA
13 8 (1.14%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 6 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
14 6 (0.85%) CISA
15 5 (0.71%) JNCIP
15 5 (0.71%) JNCIS
15 5 (0.71%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (4.56%) SLA
2 12 (1.71%) QA
3 10 (1.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 8 (1.14%) Accessibility
4 8 (1.14%) GDPR
5 7 (1.00%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 7 (1.00%) WCAG
6 5 (0.71%) NIST
7 4 (0.57%) NCSC
7 4 (0.57%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.28%) Cyber Essentials
8 2 (0.28%) FISMA
9 1 (0.14%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.14%) GRC
9 1 (0.14%) HAZOP
9 1 (0.14%) HL7
9 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 1 (0.14%) NIST 800
System Software
1 168 (23.93%) Active Directory
2 111 (15.81%) VMware Infrastructure
3 45 (6.41%) VMware ESXi
4 42 (5.98%) Docker
5 23 (3.28%) vSphere
6 22 (3.13%) NFS
7 19 (2.71%) Hyper-V
8 14 (1.99%) Virtual Desktop
9 13 (1.85%) Virtual Servers
9 13 (1.85%) VMware NSX
10 12 (1.71%) Virtual Machines
11 9 (1.28%) ProxySG
11 9 (1.28%) XenApp
12 8 (1.14%) Veritas Volume Manager
13 7 (1.00%) Xen
14 6 (0.85%) Veritas File System
14 6 (0.85%) XenDesktop
15 5 (0.71%) VMware Workstation
16 4 (0.57%) Snort
16 4 (0.57%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 83 (11.82%) Ansible
2 48 (6.84%) SCCM
3 41 (5.84%) Kubernetes
4 35 (4.99%) Puppet
5 26 (3.70%) Terraform
6 20 (2.85%) Opscode Chef
7 18 (2.56%) BladeLogic
7 18 (2.56%) FortiGate
8 15 (2.14%) Microsoft Intune
9 14 (1.99%) Red Hat Satellite
10 13 (1.85%) QRadar
11 12 (1.71%) Nagios
11 12 (1.71%) WSUS
12 11 (1.57%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 11 (1.57%) AirWatch
12 11 (1.57%) Norton AntiVirus
13 10 (1.42%) vCenter Server
14 9 (1.28%) Microsoft Clustering
14 9 (1.28%) Tivoli NetView
15 8 (1.14%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 191 (27.21%) Microsoft
2 164 (23.36%) VMware
3 148 (21.08%) Cisco
4 90 (12.82%) Oracle
5 62 (8.83%) Juniper
6 51 (7.26%) Red Hat
7 48 (6.84%) CheckPoint
8 45 (6.41%) IBM
9 44 (6.27%) F5
10 40 (5.70%) Dell
11 38 (5.41%) Citrix
12 36 (5.13%) Palo Alto
13 35 (4.99%) Google
14 34 (4.84%) HP
14 34 (4.84%) McAfee
14 34 (4.84%) Splunk
15 28 (3.99%) EMC
15 28 (3.99%) Fortinet
15 28 (3.99%) ServiceNow
16 26 (3.70%) Symantec