Period
to 25 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for TCP/IP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited TCP/IP over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
UK
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 282 216 186
Rank change year-on-year -66 -30 +5
Contract jobs citing TCP/IP 791 396 1,239
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.93% 1.24% 1.47%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 8.31% 9.44% 11.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 541 281 749
10th Percentile £189 £160 £143
25th Percentile £300 £250 £240
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £408 £400
Median % change year-on-year +10.43% +1.88% -
75th Percentile £544 £538 £525
90th Percentile £688 £600 £594
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £325 £390
% change year-on-year +23.08% -16.67% -0.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 18 120
10th Percentile £15.80 £14.00 £15.95
25th Percentile £19.75 £15.41 £17.07
Median hourly rate £41.00 £22.50 £36.00
Median % change year-on-year +82.22% -37.50% +89.47%
75th Percentile £48.75 £38.06 £50.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £40.00 £79.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.00 £19.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +12.82% -51.25% +110.53%

TCP/IP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 9,516 4,194 11,243
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.22% 13.17% 13.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,151 2,640 6,953
10th Percentile £213 £206 £193
25th Percentile £363 £325 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £445 £425
Median % change year-on-year +6.74% +4.71% -
75th Percentile £588 £538 £525
90th Percentile £675 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 410 186 602
10th Percentile £12.00 £14.00 £13.25
25th Percentile £14.27 £17.31 £16.25
Median hourly rate £22.00 £31.50 £25.40
Median % change year-on-year -30.16% +24.02% +36.85%
75th Percentile £48.75 £45.25 £46.40
90th Percentile £65.00 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £30.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -33.33% +33.33% +24.21%

TCP/IP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing TCP/IP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing TCP/IP.

Daily rate trend for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing TCP/IP over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing TCP/IP.

Hourly rate trend for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing TCP/IP over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for TCP/IP in the UK

TCP/IP
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing TCP/IP within the UK over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -75 663 £450 +12.50% 487
London -59 341 £500 - 122
UK excluding London -68 338 £400 +23.08% 398
Work from Home -157 150 £500 -3.85% 70
South East -31 109 £350 -3.45% 121
North of England -77 58 £413 +10.29% 106
East of England -52 52 £288 -20.69% 44
Midlands -59 34 £375 +134.38% 56
South West -37 32 £400 +33.33% 37
North West -47 31 £438 +18.24% 58
Wales -3 28 £480 +44.21% 14
West Midlands -54 25 £285 +78.13% 33
Scotland -68 24 £463 +110.23% 16
Yorkshire -48 22 £340 -30.30% 34
East Midlands -39 9 £425 +254.17% 22
North East -9 5 £413 +135.71% 14
Northern Ireland - 2 - - 4

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing TCP/IP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for TCP/IP.

1 384 (48.55%) Windows
2 284 (35.90%) DNS
3 266 (33.63%) Linux
4 234 (29.58%) Firewall
5 228 (28.82%) Active Directory
6 216 (27.31%) Microsoft
7 189 (23.89%) VMware
8 169 (21.37%) Social Skills
9 159 (20.10%) DHCP
10 156 (19.72%) Python
10 156 (19.72%) Microsoft 365
11 153 (19.34%) Azure
11 153 (19.34%) LAN
12 149 (18.84%) Windows Server
13 148 (18.71%) Cisco
14 143 (18.08%) SQL
15 140 (17.70%) AWS
16 136 (17.19%) WAN
17 135 (17.07%) VMware Infrastructure
18 132 (16.69%) Security Cleared
18 132 (16.69%) Finance
19 130 (16.43%) Agile Software Development
20 121 (15.30%) SC Cleared
21 119 (15.04%) HTTP
22 117 (14.79%) ITIL
23 112 (14.16%) Oracle
24 109 (13.78%) PowerShell
25 107 (13.53%) Java
25 107 (13.53%) VPN
26 99 (12.52%) Git (software)

TCP/IP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (5.06%) SharePoint
2 37 (4.68%) MS Exchange
3 31 (3.92%) IIS
4 21 (2.65%) Apache
5 16 (2.02%) Tomcat
6 14 (1.77%) Confluence
7 13 (1.64%) WebSphere
8 12 (1.52%) nginx
9 10 (1.26%) Skype for Business
10 8 (1.01%) Traefik
11 5 (0.63%) WebLogic
12 4 (0.51%) Exchange Server 2013
13 3 (0.38%) CMS
13 3 (0.38%) Exchange Server 2010
13 3 (0.38%) OpenStack
14 2 (0.25%) Apache Spark
14 2 (0.25%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
14 2 (0.25%) CICS
14 2 (0.25%) Elasticsearch
14 2 (0.25%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 66 (8.34%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (2.28%) MS Visio
3 15 (1.90%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.63%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 29 (3.67%) SunGard Martini
2 7 (0.88%) BusinessWorks
3 5 (0.63%) assyst
3 5 (0.63%) Sentinel
4 4 (0.51%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.13%) ION MarketView
5 1 (0.13%) Maximo
5 1 (0.13%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.13%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 156 (19.72%) Microsoft 365
2 153 (19.34%) Azure
3 140 (17.70%) AWS
4 40 (5.06%) GCP
5 36 (4.55%) GitHub
6 33 (4.17%) IaaS
7 31 (3.92%) PaaS
8 30 (3.79%) SaaS
9 28 (3.54%) Amazon EC2
10 24 (3.03%) AWS CloudFormation
11 22 (2.78%) Azure Active Directory
12 17 (2.15%) Cloud Computing
13 14 (1.77%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 11 (1.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 6 (0.76%) IBM Cloud
15 6 (0.76%) OneDrive
15 6 (0.76%) SoftLayer
16 5 (0.63%) Apigee
16 5 (0.63%) Google Workspace
16 5 (0.63%) Kong
Communications & Networking
1 284 (35.90%) DNS
2 234 (29.58%) Firewall
3 159 (20.10%) DHCP
4 153 (19.34%) LAN
5 136 (17.19%) WAN
6 119 (15.04%) HTTP
7 107 (13.53%) VPN
8 93 (11.76%) SSL
9 69 (8.72%) Ethernet
9 69 (8.72%) Wireless
10 67 (8.47%) VoIP
11 60 (7.59%) Network Security
12 54 (6.83%) VLAN
13 52 (6.57%) OSPF
13 52 (6.57%) SAN
14 50 (6.32%) Wi-Fi
15 48 (6.07%) BGP
16 46 (5.82%) SNMP
17 45 (5.69%) Internet
18 41 (5.18%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (8.85%) SQL Server
2 44 (5.56%) Relational Database
3 35 (4.42%) Oracle Database
4 27 (3.41%) MySQL
4 27 (3.41%) Oracle Database 12c
5 24 (3.03%) Hazelcast
5 24 (3.03%) Redis
6 13 (1.64%) Amazon RDS
7 12 (1.52%) MongoDB
8 9 (1.14%) NoSQL
8 9 (1.14%) RavenDB
8 9 (1.14%) RDBMS
9 6 (0.76%) Big Data
9 6 (0.76%) PostgreSQL
10 5 (0.63%) DB2
10 5 (0.63%) SQL Server 2008
10 5 (0.63%) SQL Server 2012
11 3 (0.38%) Apache Cassandra
12 2 (0.25%) Data Warehouse
12 2 (0.25%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 99 (12.52%) Git (software)
2 74 (9.36%) Jenkins
3 43 (5.44%) Subversion
3 43 (5.44%) Visual Studio
4 38 (4.80%) TeamCity
5 34 (4.30%) Bitbucket
6 30 (3.79%) Artifactory
7 27 (3.41%) CppUnit
7 27 (3.41%) Oracle APEX
7 27 (3.41%) Robot Framework
8 24 (3.03%) JIRA
9 18 (2.28%) Rational DOORS
10 16 (2.02%) Eclipse
10 16 (2.02%) NetBeans
11 14 (1.77%) GitLab
12 8 (1.01%) JUnit
13 6 (0.76%) Selenium
14 4 (0.51%) Cucumber
14 4 (0.51%) Gatling
14 4 (0.51%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 169 (21.37%) Social Skills
2 132 (16.69%) Finance
3 81 (10.24%) Banking
4 52 (6.57%) Investment Banking
5 50 (6.32%) Analytical Skills
6 43 (5.44%) Front Office
7 34 (4.30%) Public Sector
7 34 (4.30%) Telecoms
8 33 (4.17%) Presentation Skills
9 32 (4.05%) Military
10 16 (2.02%) Aerospace
11 13 (1.64%) Documentation Skills
11 13 (1.64%) Financial Institution
12 12 (1.52%) Back Office
12 12 (1.52%) Organisational Skills
13 9 (1.14%) Influencing Skills
14 8 (1.01%) Law
15 7 (0.88%) Retail
16 5 (0.63%) Legal
16 5 (0.63%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 101 (12.77%) Developer
2 87 (11.00%) Support Engineer
3 85 (10.75%) Network Engineer
4 77 (9.73%) Analyst
5 48 (6.07%) IT Support
6 47 (5.94%) IT Engineer
7 46 (5.82%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 43 (5.44%) Architect
9 41 (5.18%) DevOps Engineer
10 37 (4.68%) C++ Developer
11 34 (4.30%) Consultant
12 32 (4.05%) Security Engineer
13 30 (3.79%) 2nd Line Support
13 30 (3.79%) IT Support Engineer
13 30 (3.79%) Support Analyst
14 28 (3.54%) Senior Developer
15 27 (3.41%) Desktop Support
15 27 (3.41%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
15 27 (3.41%) Java Developer
16 25 (3.16%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (10.75%) .NET
2 66 (8.34%) REST
3 61 (7.71%) XML
4 59 (7.46%) Web Services
5 48 (6.07%) .NET Framework
6 45 (5.69%) JSON
7 35 (4.42%) .NET Core
7 35 (4.42%) AngularJS
8 34 (4.30%) gRPC
9 33 (4.17%) LDAP
10 32 (4.05%) STL
11 30 (3.79%) Boost C++ Libraries
12 28 (3.54%) Node.js
12 28 (3.54%) RESTful
13 27 (3.41%) Spring
13 27 (3.41%) Spring Boot
14 24 (3.03%) HTML
14 24 (3.03%) Memcached
15 23 (2.91%) SOAP
16 22 (2.78%) 802.1X
Miscellaneous
1 51 (6.45%) Data Centre
2 42 (5.31%) Clustering
3 40 (5.06%) Self-Motivation
4 33 (4.17%) Derivative
5 32 (4.05%) Algorithms
6 31 (3.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 28 (3.54%) Data Structures
8 22 (2.78%) PKI
9 21 (2.65%) Management Information System
10 20 (2.53%) Public Cloud
10 20 (2.53%) Replication
11 16 (2.02%) Cyberthreat
11 16 (2.02%) Fibre Optics
12 15 (1.90%) Client/Server
12 15 (1.90%) Fixed Income
13 10 (1.26%) BYOD
13 10 (1.26%) CCTV
14 9 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
14 9 (1.14%) Security Operations Centre
15 8 (1.01%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 384 (48.55%) Windows
2 266 (33.63%) Linux
3 149 (18.84%) Windows Server
4 90 (11.38%) Windows 10
5 74 (9.36%) Unix
6 51 (6.45%) Windows Server 2012
7 50 (6.32%) Windows Server 2016
8 46 (5.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 38 (4.80%) Windows Server 2019
10 32 (4.05%) Windows 7
11 29 (3.67%) Windows Server 2008
12 22 (2.78%) Android
12 22 (2.78%) Apple iOS
12 22 (2.78%) Solaris
13 19 (2.40%) CentOS
14 18 (2.28%) Mac OS
14 18 (2.28%) Ubuntu
15 11 (1.39%) Windows Server 2003
16 8 (1.01%) Oracle Linux
16 8 (1.01%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 130 (16.43%) Agile Software Development
2 117 (14.79%) ITIL
3 93 (11.76%) DevOps
4 89 (11.25%) Configuration Management
4 89 (11.25%) Problem-Solving
5 73 (9.23%) Migration
6 68 (8.60%) Scrum
7 62 (7.84%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 62 (7.84%) Multithreading
8 60 (7.59%) Cybersecurity
8 60 (7.59%) SIEM
9 56 (7.08%) Continuous Integration
10 52 (6.57%) Load Balancing
11 48 (6.07%) Test Automation
12 47 (5.94%) High Availability
13 46 (5.82%) Change Management
13 46 (5.82%) Performance Tuning
14 42 (5.31%) Software Engineering
15 41 (5.18%) Unit Testing
16 40 (5.06%) Incident Management
Programming Languages
1 156 (19.72%) Python
2 143 (18.08%) SQL
3 109 (13.78%) PowerShell
4 107 (13.53%) Java
5 84 (10.62%) C#
6 70 (8.85%) C++
7 68 (8.60%) Bash Shell
8 39 (4.93%) Perl
9 37 (4.68%) JavaScript
10 31 (3.92%) Scala
11 30 (3.79%) Shell Script
12 26 (3.29%) PL/SQL
13 25 (3.16%) Java 8
14 24 (3.03%) Haskell
15 21 (2.65%) C
15 21 (2.65%) Ruby
16 19 (2.40%) VBScript
17 16 (2.02%) GLSL
17 16 (2.02%) HLSL
18 15 (1.90%) Go
Qualifications
1 132 (16.69%) Security Cleared
2 121 (15.30%) SC Cleared
3 75 (9.48%) Cisco Certification
4 71 (8.98%) Degree
5 45 (5.69%) CCNA
5 45 (5.69%) CCNP
6 34 (4.30%) Microsoft Certification
7 25 (3.16%) MCSE
8 23 (2.91%) DV Cleared
9 18 (2.28%) CCIE
10 15 (1.90%) CISSP
11 13 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
11 13 (1.64%) ITIL Certification
12 12 (1.52%) BPSS Clearance
13 11 (1.39%) MCSA
14 8 (1.01%) JNCIP
14 8 (1.01%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 7 (0.88%) CISM
15 7 (0.88%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 6 (0.76%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (5.56%) SLA
2 18 (2.28%) GDPR
3 15 (1.90%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 14 (1.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 14 (1.77%) QA
5 12 (1.52%) NCSC
6 8 (1.01%) NIST
7 5 (0.63%) Accessibility
8 4 (0.51%) WCAG
9 3 (0.38%) Cyber Essentials
9 3 (0.38%) Data Quality
9 3 (0.38%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.25%) FISMA
11 1 (0.13%) DICOM
11 1 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.13%) GAMP
11 1 (0.13%) GLP
11 1 (0.13%) GMP
11 1 (0.13%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.13%) HL7
System Software
1 228 (28.82%) Active Directory
2 135 (17.07%) VMware Infrastructure
3 56 (7.08%) VMware ESXi
4 50 (6.32%) Docker
5 29 (3.67%) vSphere
6 22 (2.78%) Hyper-V
6 22 (2.78%) NFS
7 18 (2.28%) Virtual Servers
8 14 (1.77%) Virtual Desktop
9 13 (1.64%) VMware NSX
10 12 (1.52%) Virtual Machines
11 8 (1.01%) XenDesktop
12 7 (0.88%) Xen
12 7 (0.88%) XenApp
13 6 (0.76%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 6 (0.76%) VMware Workstation
14 5 (0.63%) Veritas File System
14 5 (0.63%) Veritas Volume Manager
15 4 (0.51%) ProxySG
15 4 (0.51%) Snort
Systems Management
1 78 (9.86%) SCCM
2 77 (9.73%) Ansible
3 59 (7.46%) Terraform
4 49 (6.19%) Kubernetes
5 42 (5.31%) Puppet
6 34 (4.30%) BladeLogic
7 28 (3.54%) Microsoft Intune
8 24 (3.03%) Opscode Chef
9 21 (2.65%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 19 (2.40%) FortiGate
11 17 (2.15%) QRadar
11 17 (2.15%) WSUS
12 14 (1.77%) Norton AntiVirus
12 14 (1.77%) Packer
12 14 (1.77%) vCenter Server
13 12 (1.52%) Nagios
14 11 (1.39%) Microsoft Clustering
15 10 (1.26%) HAProxy
16 9 (1.14%) EMC NetWorker
16 9 (1.14%) Graphite
Vendors
1 216 (27.31%) Microsoft
2 189 (23.89%) VMware
3 148 (18.71%) Cisco
4 112 (14.16%) Oracle
5 66 (8.34%) Citrix
6 53 (6.70%) Splunk
7 51 (6.45%) ServiceNow
8 49 (6.19%) Dell
8 49 (6.19%) Juniper
9 47 (5.94%) CheckPoint
9 47 (5.94%) F5
10 45 (5.69%) Red Hat
11 43 (5.44%) Palo Alto
12 39 (4.93%) HP
13 38 (4.80%) IBM
14 32 (4.05%) McAfee
15 29 (3.67%) SunGard
16 28 (3.54%) EMC
17 27 (3.41%) Google
17 27 (3.41%) NetApp