Period
to 12 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 12 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK
6 months to
12 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 768 837 985
Rank change year-on-year +69 +148 +55
Permanent jobs citing KVM 117 91 134
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.13% 0.092% 0.092%
As % of the System Software category 0.71% 0.53% 0.56%
Number of salaries quoted 76 71 97
10th Percentile £31,250 £34,250 £27,950
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -18.18%
75th Percentile £65,000 £59,375 £60,000
90th Percentile £73,125 £75,000 £81,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% -

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 16,533 17,035 23,796
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.65% 17.28% 16.36%
Number of salaries quoted 13,077 14,045 19,567
10th Percentile £30,000 £26,750 £25,750
25th Percentile £39,000 £36,250 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing KVM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing KVM.

Salary trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing KVM over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Salary histogram for KVM in the UK

KVM
Top 12 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the UK over the 6 months to 12 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +99 106 £50,000 - 24
UK excluding London +46 64 £45,000 -5.26% 18
London +82 40 £50,000 -28.57% 5
South West +4 35 £32,500 -31.58% 4
South East +37 16 £60,000 +17.07% 4
Work from Home -157 13 £50,000 +11.11% 7
Midlands +8 7 £42,500 - 3
North West +30 5 £60,000 +41.18% 2
North of England -8 5 £60,000 +33.33% 2
West Midlands -6 4 £42,500 - 1
East Midlands - 2 - - 2
East of England +28 1 £45,000 -35.71% 5

For the 6 months to 12 May 2021, IT jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for KVM.

1 93 (79.49%) Linux
2 64 (54.70%) VMware
3 60 (51.28%) VMware Infrastructure
4 56 (47.86%) Python
5 54 (46.15%) Perl
6 52 (44.44%) Internet
7 50 (42.74%) Windows
8 45 (38.46%) Data Centre
9 42 (35.90%) Puppet
10 40 (34.19%) Docker
11 39 (33.33%) Kubernetes
12 36 (30.77%) Microsoft
12 36 (30.77%) Debian
13 35 (29.91%) Cisco
13 35 (29.91%) Hyper-V
14 33 (28.21%) Bash Shell
15 32 (27.35%) BGP
15 32 (27.35%) Firewall
16 31 (26.50%) Analytical Skills
17 30 (25.64%) Oracle
18 29 (24.79%) Ruby
18 29 (24.79%) Degree
19 28 (23.93%) Agile Software Development
19 28 (23.93%) VPN
20 27 (23.08%) Apache
20 27 (23.08%) Shell Script
20 27 (23.08%) OpenStack
20 27 (23.08%) Opscode Chef
21 26 (22.22%) Ansible
21 26 (22.22%) Juniper

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (23.08%) Apache
1 27 (23.08%) OpenStack
2 19 (16.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 18 (15.38%) IIS
3 18 (15.38%) nginx
3 18 (15.38%) Tomcat
4 13 (11.11%) ejabberd
5 3 (2.56%) SharePoint
6 1 (0.85%) Confluence
6 1 (0.85%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (0.85%) MS Exchange
6 1 (0.85%) Oracle Coherence
Cloud Services
1 23 (19.66%) IaaS
2 20 (17.09%) PaaS
3 18 (15.38%) AWS
4 17 (14.53%) Azure
5 16 (13.68%) Cloud Computing
6 13 (11.11%) GCP
7 7 (5.98%) Microsoft 365
7 7 (5.98%) Tricentis Tosca
8 6 (5.13%) Serverless
9 2 (1.71%) GitHub
10 1 (0.85%) Azure Active Directory
10 1 (0.85%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 52 (44.44%) Internet
2 32 (27.35%) BGP
2 32 (27.35%) Firewall
3 28 (23.93%) VPN
4 21 (17.95%) DNS
5 19 (16.24%) LAN
6 18 (15.38%) Diameter Protocol
6 18 (15.38%) SNMP
7 16 (13.68%) MPLS
8 15 (12.82%) PBX
9 14 (11.97%) DHCP
10 13 (11.11%) Asterisk PBX
11 10 (8.55%) Software-Defined Networking
12 9 (7.69%) 5G
12 9 (7.69%) VLAN
13 8 (6.84%) TCP/IP
13 8 (6.84%) VoIP
13 8 (6.84%) WAN
14 7 (5.98%) Ethernet
14 7 (5.98%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (17.95%) SQL Server
2 6 (5.13%) MongoDB
3 5 (4.27%) CouchDB
3 5 (4.27%) MySQL
4 4 (3.42%) DB2
5 2 (1.71%) MariaDB
6 1 (0.85%) Big Data
6 1 (0.85%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (0.85%) Redis
Development Applications
1 7 (5.98%) Gradle
1 7 (5.98%) Maven
2 6 (5.13%) Ant
2 6 (5.13%) Selenium
3 5 (4.27%) Git (software)
4 4 (3.42%) Jenkins
5 3 (2.56%) GitLab
6 1 (0.85%) GDB
6 1 (0.85%) JIRA
6 1 (0.85%) JUnit
6 1 (0.85%) Valgrind
General
1 31 (26.50%) Analytical Skills
2 25 (21.37%) Telecoms
3 18 (15.38%) Organisational Skills
4 17 (14.53%) Social Skills
5 16 (13.68%) Games
6 10 (8.55%) Electronics
7 9 (7.69%) Presentation Skills
8 7 (5.98%) Public Sector
8 7 (5.98%) Publishing
8 7 (5.98%) Retail
9 3 (2.56%) Finance
9 3 (2.56%) Manufacturing
9 3 (2.56%) Marketing
10 2 (1.71%) iGaming
Job Titles
1 22 (18.80%) Cloud Engineer
2 21 (17.95%) Network Engineer
2 21 (17.95%) Security Engineer
3 17 (14.53%) Systems Engineer
4 13 (11.11%) Network Systems Engineer
5 12 (10.26%) Linux Engineer
6 10 (8.55%) Developer
7 9 (7.69%) Python Developer
7 9 (7.69%) Support Engineer
8 7 (5.98%) Network Specialist
8 7 (5.98%) Senior Data Warehouse Specialist
8 7 (5.98%) Senior Network Specialist
8 7 (5.98%) VoIP Engineer
9 6 (5.13%) Developer in Test
9 6 (5.13%) Service Desk Engineer
9 6 (5.13%) Software Developer
10 5 (4.27%) Architect
10 5 (4.27%) Development Engineer
10 5 (4.27%) IT Engineer
10 5 (4.27%) Linux Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19 (16.24%) Elastic Stack
1 19 (16.24%) Web Services
2 13 (11.11%) XMPP
3 12 (10.26%) REST
4 8 (6.84%) libvirt
4 8 (6.84%) WebRTC
5 7 (5.98%) gRPC
6 6 (5.13%) pytest
7 5 (4.27%) Django
7 5 (4.27%) Flask
8 4 (3.42%) CSS
8 4 (3.42%) HTML
9 3 (2.56%) FreeSWITCH
9 3 (2.56%) LDAP
10 1 (0.85%) D3.js
10 1 (0.85%) JGroups
10 1 (0.85%) Kafka
10 1 (0.85%) Node.js
10 1 (0.85%) React
10 1 (0.85%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 45 (38.46%) Data Centre
2 20 (17.09%) Enterprise Software
3 7 (5.98%) Clustering
4 6 (5.13%) Over-the-Top Content
4 6 (5.13%) Video Conferencing
5 4 (3.42%) Driving Licence
5 4 (3.42%) Linux Command Line
6 3 (2.56%) ASIC
6 3 (2.56%) Device Driver
7 1 (0.85%) Cybercrime
7 1 (0.85%) PKI
7 1 (0.85%) Private Cloud
7 1 (0.85%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 93 (79.49%) Linux
2 50 (42.74%) Windows
3 36 (30.77%) Debian
4 19 (16.24%) CentOS
5 16 (13.68%) Ubuntu
6 6 (5.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (4.27%) Unix
7 5 (4.27%) Windows Server
8 4 (3.42%) Fedora
8 4 (3.42%) Solaris
9 3 (2.56%) VMS
10 2 (1.71%) Windows 10
10 2 (1.71%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (1.71%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (1.71%) Windows Server 2016
11 1 (0.85%) FreeNAS
11 1 (0.85%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 28 (23.93%) Agile Software Development
2 26 (22.22%) Software Engineering
3 25 (21.37%) Computer Science
3 25 (21.37%) Configuration Management
3 25 (21.37%) Microservices
3 25 (21.37%) Open Source
4 24 (20.51%) High Availability
5 23 (19.66%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 20 (17.09%) Continuous Integration
7 19 (16.24%) Analytics
7 19 (16.24%) Load Balancing
7 19 (16.24%) SIEM
7 19 (16.24%) SOA
8 18 (15.38%) Architectural Design
9 13 (11.11%) DevOps
9 13 (11.11%) Penetration Testing
9 13 (11.11%) Risk Assessment
9 13 (11.11%) Service Delivery
10 12 (10.26%) Mathematics
10 12 (10.26%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 56 (47.86%) Python
2 54 (46.15%) Perl
3 33 (28.21%) Bash Shell
4 29 (24.79%) Ruby
5 27 (23.08%) Shell Script
6 23 (19.66%) Go
6 23 (19.66%) Java
7 17 (14.53%) C
8 14 (11.97%) PHP
8 14 (11.97%) PowerShell
9 6 (5.13%) JavaScript
10 3 (2.56%) AWK
10 3 (2.56%) sed
10 3 (2.56%) SQL
11 1 (0.85%) C#
11 1 (0.85%) Tcl
Qualifications
1 29 (24.79%) Degree
2 23 (19.66%) Security Cleared
3 22 (18.80%) SC Cleared
4 17 (14.53%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (2.56%) RHCE
5 3 (2.56%) RHCSA
6 1 (0.85%) CCNP
6 1 (0.85%) Cisco Certification
6 1 (0.85%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (6.84%) QA
2 7 (5.98%) OASIS TOSCA
3 3 (2.56%) SLA
System Software
1 60 (51.28%) VMware Infrastructure
2 40 (34.19%) Docker
3 35 (29.91%) Hyper-V
4 20 (17.09%) Xen
5 18 (15.38%) iptables
5 18 (15.38%) QEMU
6 16 (13.68%) Postfix
7 13 (11.11%) Kamailio
8 11 (9.40%) Samba
9 8 (6.84%) Active Directory
10 7 (5.98%) Virtual Machines
11 6 (5.13%) Ceph
11 6 (5.13%) Firmware
12 5 (4.27%) Btrfs
12 5 (4.27%) DRBD
13 3 (2.56%) OCFS2
13 3 (2.56%) Oracle RAC
13 3 (2.56%) qmail
13 3 (2.56%) Sendmail
13 3 (2.56%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 42 (35.90%) Puppet
2 39 (33.33%) Kubernetes
3 27 (23.08%) Opscode Chef
4 26 (22.22%) Ansible
5 21 (17.95%) ZABBIX
6 19 (16.24%) CFEngine
6 19 (16.24%) Demisto
6 19 (16.24%) HAProxy
7 18 (15.38%) Galera Cluster
8 6 (5.13%) Istio
8 6 (5.13%) Terraform
9 5 (4.27%) Check_MK
9 5 (4.27%) Nagios
9 5 (4.27%) Oracle ZFS
10 4 (3.42%) Red Hat Satellite
11 3 (2.56%) Failover Clustering
11 3 (2.56%) Grafana
11 3 (2.56%) SELinux
12 2 (1.71%) Prometheus
12 2 (1.71%) Salt
Vendors
1 64 (54.70%) VMware
2 36 (30.77%) Microsoft
3 35 (29.91%) Cisco
4 30 (25.64%) Oracle
5 26 (22.22%) Juniper
6 24 (20.51%) Red Hat
7 21 (17.95%) HP
8 19 (16.24%) ArcSight
8 19 (16.24%) ServiceNow
8 19 (16.24%) Splunk
9 18 (15.38%) GENBAND
9 18 (15.38%) Mitel
9 18 (15.38%) Percona
9 18 (15.38%) SonicWALL
10 13 (11.11%) Nortel
11 7 (5.98%) Agilent
11 7 (5.98%) Alcatel-Lucent
11 7 (5.98%) Arista
11 7 (5.98%) Google
11 7 (5.98%) SaltStack