Period
to 8 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 8 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK
6 months to
8 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 956 1007 985
Rank change year-on-year +51 -22 -61
Permanent jobs citing KVM 98 141 236
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.074% 0.089% 0.13%
As % of the System Software category 0.43% 0.58% 1.01%
Number of salaries quoted 73 118 175
UK median annual salary £45,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -14.29% +5.00% -6.98%
10th Percentile £30,000 £25,375 £31,250
90th Percentile £76,000 £80,000 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £43,750 £47,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year -7.89% +11.76% -10.53%

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 22,841 24,345 23,311
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.19% 15.32% 12.96%
Number of salaries quoted 18,776 19,872 19,412
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +11.11% +5.88%
10th Percentile £25,500 £25,000 £24,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing KVM as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing KVM.

Salary trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing KVM over the 6 months to 8 December 2019.

Salary histogram for KVM in the UK

KVM
Top 13 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the UK over the 6 months to 8 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +41 74 £47,500 -9.52% 27
UK excluding London +92 55 £43,750 -7.89% 16
London +46 32 £57,500 +4.55% 12
South West +19 16 £47,500 +11.76% 2
South East +25 12 £57,500 +21.05% 6
North of England +44 10 £42,500 +6.25% 4
Scotland +19 9 £26,000 -8.77% 1
Yorkshire +28 7 £42,500 +41.67%
Wales - 4 £38,500 -
East of England +62 3 £60,000 +9.09% 2
North West +37 3 £42,500 +6.25% 4
Midlands +29 1 - - 1
West Midlands +26 1 - -

For the 6 months to 8 December 2019, IT jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for KVM.

1 81 (82.65%) Linux
2 62 (63.27%) VMware
3 57 (58.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 46 (46.94%) Python
5 45 (45.92%) Windows
6 40 (40.82%) CentOS
7 39 (39.80%) Bash Shell
8 37 (37.76%) Docker
9 35 (35.71%) AWS
9 35 (35.71%) Hyper-V
9 35 (35.71%) Xen
9 35 (35.71%) Red Hat
10 33 (33.67%) Ubuntu
10 33 (33.67%) Ansible
10 33 (33.67%) Windows Server
11 30 (30.61%) Puppet
11 30 (30.61%) DevOps
12 29 (29.59%) Azure
13 28 (28.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 25 (25.51%) Active Directory
15 24 (24.49%) Configuration Management
15 24 (24.49%) Git (software)
16 23 (23.47%) Kubernetes
17 22 (22.45%) Microsoft
18 21 (21.43%) TCP/IP
18 21 (21.43%) PowerShell
19 19 (19.39%) DNS
19 19 (19.39%) Opscode Chef
20 17 (17.35%) Perl
20 17 (17.35%) MySQL

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (14.29%) Apache
2 12 (12.24%) OpenStack
3 8 (8.16%) nginx
4 7 (7.14%) IIS
5 6 (6.12%) Tomcat
6 5 (5.10%) Jetty
6 5 (5.10%) MS Exchange
7 4 (4.08%) GlassFish
8 3 (3.06%) Confluence
8 3 (3.06%) SharePoint
9 2 (2.04%) CMS
10 1 (1.02%) Alfresco
10 1 (1.02%) Cloud Foundry
10 1 (1.02%) CloudStack
10 1 (1.02%) Elasticsearch
10 1 (1.02%) JBoss
10 1 (1.02%) Skype for Business
10 1 (1.02%) WebSphere
Applications
1 3 (3.06%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 35 (35.71%) AWS
2 29 (29.59%) Azure
3 11 (11.22%) Office 365
4 10 (10.20%) OpenShift
5 9 (9.18%) SaaS
6 8 (8.16%) GCP
7 7 (7.14%) Cloud Computing
8 3 (3.06%) AWS Lambda
8 3 (3.06%) Azure ExpressRoute
8 3 (3.06%) PaaS
8 3 (3.06%) Rackspace Cloud
8 3 (3.06%) Serverless
9 2 (2.04%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 2 (2.04%) Amazon ECS
9 2 (2.04%) Azure Stack
9 2 (2.04%) Google App Engine
9 2 (2.04%) IaaS
9 2 (2.04%) OneDrive
10 1 (1.02%) Azure Active Directory
10 1 (1.02%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 21 (21.43%) TCP/IP
2 19 (19.39%) DNS
3 14 (14.29%) Firewall
4 13 (13.27%) SAN
5 9 (9.18%) SNMP
6 6 (6.12%) LAN
6 6 (6.12%) VLAN
7 5 (5.10%) SSH
8 4 (4.08%) Cisco Nexus
8 4 (4.08%) DHCP
8 4 (4.08%) HTTP
8 4 (4.08%) MPLS
8 4 (4.08%) NAS
8 4 (4.08%) SMTP
8 4 (4.08%) Software-Defined Networking
8 4 (4.08%) VoIP
8 4 (4.08%) WAN
9 3 (3.06%) Internet
9 3 (3.06%) Network Security
10 2 (2.04%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (17.35%) MySQL
2 15 (15.31%) SQL Server
3 13 (13.27%) PostgreSQL
4 6 (6.12%) MariaDB
5 5 (5.10%) Redis
6 4 (4.08%) NoSQL
7 2 (2.04%) MongoDB
7 2 (2.04%) RDBMS
7 2 (2.04%) Relational Database
8 1 (1.02%) Aerospike
8 1 (1.02%) Apache Cassandra
8 1 (1.02%) Big Data
8 1 (1.02%) Flink
8 1 (1.02%) InfluxDB
8 1 (1.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 24 (24.49%) Git (software)
2 15 (15.31%) Jenkins
3 10 (10.20%) Subversion
4 8 (8.16%) JIRA
5 6 (6.12%) Sonatype Nexus
6 5 (5.10%) Selenium
7 4 (4.08%) Bugzilla
7 4 (4.08%) CruiseControl
7 4 (4.08%) Visual Studio Team System
8 3 (3.06%) Octopus Deploy
8 3 (3.06%) Vagrant
9 2 (2.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 2 (2.04%) Bitbucket Server
9 2 (2.04%) TeamCity
9 2 (2.04%) Visual Studio
10 1 (1.02%) Ant
10 1 (1.02%) CA Release Automation
10 1 (1.02%) GitLab
10 1 (1.02%) GoCD
10 1 (1.02%) Maven
General
1 11 (11.22%) Finance
2 9 (9.18%) Pharmaceutical
3 6 (6.12%) Public Sector
4 4 (4.08%) Games
4 4 (4.08%) Local Government
4 4 (4.08%) Welsh Language
5 3 (3.06%) Telecoms
6 2 (2.04%) Publishing
6 2 (2.04%) Retail
7 1 (1.02%) Banking
Job Titles
1 15 (15.31%) Administrator
1 15 (15.31%) Cloud Engineer
2 13 (13.27%) Systems Administrator
3 10 (10.20%) Linux Engineer
3 10 (10.20%) Systems Engineer
4 9 (9.18%) Support Engineer
5 8 (8.16%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 7 (7.14%) DevOps Engineer
6 7 (7.14%) Senior Systems Engineer
7 6 (6.12%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
7 6 (6.12%) Linux Administrator
7 6 (6.12%) Linux Systems Administrator
7 6 (6.12%) Senior Cloud Engineer
7 6 (6.12%) Senior Infrastructure Engineer
8 5 (5.10%) Architect
8 5 (5.10%) DevOps Specialist
8 5 (5.10%) Operations Engineer
8 5 (5.10%) Support Specialist
8 5 (5.10%) Virtualisation Engineer
9 4 (4.08%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 12 (12.24%) LDAP
2 9 (9.18%) LAMP
3 6 (6.12%) libvirt
4 5 (5.10%) LAPP Stack
5 4 (4.08%) Middleware
5 4 (4.08%) Web Services
6 2 (2.04%) LEMP Stack
6 2 (2.04%) RabbitMQ
6 2 (2.04%) REST
7 1 (1.02%) ActiveMQ
7 1 (1.02%) AngularJS
7 1 (1.02%) Elastic Stack
7 1 (1.02%) GraphQL
7 1 (1.02%) gRPC
7 1 (1.02%) Kafka
7 1 (1.02%) Node.js
7 1 (1.02%) React
7 1 (1.02%) Sensu
7 1 (1.02%) Spring
7 1 (1.02%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 16 (16.33%) Data Centre
2 8 (8.16%) Hybrid Cloud
2 8 (8.16%) Public Cloud
3 7 (7.14%) Analytical Skills
3 7 (7.14%) Clustering
4 6 (6.12%) Self-Motivation
5 5 (5.10%) Cloud Native
5 5 (5.10%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 4 (4.08%) BBC
6 4 (4.08%) Management Information System
7 3 (3.06%) Client/Server
8 2 (2.04%) Linux Command Line
9 1 (1.02%) Algorithms
9 1 (1.02%) Analytical Mindset
9 1 (1.02%) Private Cloud
9 1 (1.02%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 81 (82.65%) Linux
2 45 (45.92%) Windows
3 40 (40.82%) CentOS
4 33 (33.67%) Ubuntu
4 33 (33.67%) Windows Server
5 28 (28.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (13.27%) Debian
7 10 (10.20%) Windows Server 2012
8 8 (8.16%) Windows Server 2008
9 6 (6.12%) SUSE
10 5 (5.10%) Fedora
10 5 (5.10%) Solaris
11 4 (4.08%) Mac OS
11 4 (4.08%) Unix
11 4 (4.08%) Windows 10
12 2 (2.04%) Data ONTAP
Processes & Methodologies
1 30 (30.61%) DevOps
2 24 (24.49%) Configuration Management
3 14 (14.29%) Open Source
3 14 (14.29%) Problem-Solving
4 13 (13.27%) Agile Software Development
4 13 (13.27%) ITIL
5 11 (11.22%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 10 (10.20%) High Availability
7 9 (9.18%) Virtual Environments
8 8 (8.16%) Cybersecurity
8 8 (8.16%) Test Automation
9 7 (7.14%) Information Security
10 6 (6.12%) Disaster Recovery
10 6 (6.12%) Fintech
11 5 (5.10%) Coaching
11 5 (5.10%) DDoS Mitigation
11 5 (5.10%) Migration
11 5 (5.10%) Release Management
11 5 (5.10%) Service Management
11 5 (5.10%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 46 (46.94%) Python
2 39 (39.80%) Bash Shell
3 21 (21.43%) PowerShell
4 17 (17.35%) Perl
5 13 (13.27%) Ruby
6 7 (7.14%) SQL
7 6 (6.12%) Shell Script
8 4 (4.08%) Java
9 2 (2.04%) C
9 2 (2.04%) C++
9 2 (2.04%) Clojure
9 2 (2.04%) Go
9 2 (2.04%) Groovy
9 2 (2.04%) Korn
10 1 (1.02%) Bourne shell
10 1 (1.02%) C-shell
10 1 (1.02%) PHP
10 1 (1.02%) SystemTap
10 1 (1.02%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 9 (9.18%) Security Cleared
2 8 (8.16%) RHCE
3 4 (4.08%) HND
3 4 (4.08%) MCSA
3 4 (4.08%) MCSE
3 4 (4.08%) Microsoft Certification
3 4 (4.08%) RHCT
4 3 (3.06%) Degree
4 3 (3.06%) SC Cleared
5 2 (2.04%) CCNA
5 2 (2.04%) CCNP
5 2 (2.04%) Cisco Certification
5 2 (2.04%) DV Cleared
5 2 (2.04%) RHCSA
5 2 (2.04%) VCAP
5 2 (2.04%) VCP6
5 2 (2.04%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
6 1 (1.02%) AWS Certification
6 1 (1.02%) CISSP
6 1 (1.02%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (6.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (2.04%) PCI DSS
2 2 (2.04%) QA
System Software
1 57 (58.16%) VMware Infrastructure
2 37 (37.76%) Docker
3 35 (35.71%) Hyper-V
3 35 (35.71%) Xen
4 25 (25.51%) Active Directory
5 13 (13.27%) vSphere
6 12 (12.24%) Virtual Machines
7 11 (11.22%) oVirt
8 9 (9.18%) Ceph
9 8 (8.16%) QEMU
9 8 (8.16%) VirtualBox
10 7 (7.14%) NFS
11 6 (6.12%) iptables
11 6 (6.12%) Samba
12 4 (4.08%) Btrfs
12 4 (4.08%) DRBD
12 4 (4.08%) VMware NSX
13 3 (3.06%) Squid
13 3 (3.06%) VMware ESXi
14 2 (2.04%) Gluster
Systems Management
1 33 (33.67%) Ansible
2 30 (30.61%) Puppet
3 23 (23.47%) Kubernetes
4 19 (19.39%) Opscode Chef
5 14 (14.29%) Terraform
6 10 (10.20%) Salt
7 5 (5.10%) Grafana
7 5 (5.10%) Oracle ZFS
7 5 (5.10%) SELinux
8 4 (4.08%) HAProxy
8 4 (4.08%) Nagios
8 4 (4.08%) Packer
8 4 (4.08%) Prometheus
8 4 (4.08%) Proxmox
8 4 (4.08%) WSUS
9 3 (3.06%) EMC VPLEX
9 3 (3.06%) Norton AntiVirus
9 3 (3.06%) SCCM
9 3 (3.06%) SCOrch
10 2 (2.04%) Mesos
Vendors
1 62 (63.27%) VMware
2 35 (35.71%) Red Hat
3 22 (22.45%) Microsoft
4 10 (10.20%) Cisco
5 8 (8.16%) Citrix
5 8 (8.16%) Google
5 8 (8.16%) Oracle
6 5 (5.10%) HP
6 5 (5.10%) Veeam
7 4 (4.08%) Apple
7 4 (4.08%) BT
7 4 (4.08%) EMC
8 3 (3.06%) Atlassian
8 3 (3.06%) DataCore
8 3 (3.06%) FalconStor
8 3 (3.06%) McAfee
8 3 (3.06%) Rackspace
8 3 (3.06%) Symantec
9 2 (2.04%) AlienVault
9 2 (2.04%) F5