Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 874 737 959
Rank change year-on-year -137 +222 +52
Permanent jobs citing KVM 113 63 161
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.100% 0.089% 0.11%
As % of the System Software category 0.54% 0.50% 0.65%
Number of salaries quoted 78 48 110
10th Percentile £40,000 £30,750 £32,400
25th Percentile £41,250 £35,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% - -18.18%
75th Percentile £65,000 £59,063 £60,000
90th Percentile £77,500 £65,375 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -14.29%

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 21,000 12,592 24,627
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.56% 17.79% 17.03%
Number of salaries quoted 14,928 10,475 20,484
10th Percentile £29,750 £29,000 £25,750
25th Percentile £40,000 £38,000 £33,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £85,350
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing KVM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing KVM.

Salary trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing KVM over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Salary histogram for KVM in the UK

KVM
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the UK over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -119 108 £50,000 +11.11% 34
UK excluding London -115 61 £47,500 +5.56% 23
London -72 45 £50,000 -13.04% 11
South West -49 24 £75,000 +50.00% 3
Work from Home - 22 £47,500 - 9
South East -84 16 £47,500 +5.56% 10
North of England -64 12 £47,500 +5.56% 4
Yorkshire -57 11 £47,500 +5.56% 3
Midlands -62 10 £42,500 - 2
West Midlands -53 6 £45,000 - 1
North West -34 4 £47,500 +50.79% 1
East Midlands - 4 £42,500 - 1
North East - 3 £47,500 -
East of England -35 2 £32,750 -53.21% 4

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for KVM.

1 82 (72.57%) Linux
2 55 (48.67%) VMware
3 48 (42.48%) Windows
3 48 (42.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 46 (40.71%) Firewall
5 45 (39.82%) Docker
6 44 (38.94%) Python
7 43 (38.05%) Data Centre
8 42 (37.17%) Internet
9 41 (36.28%) VPN
10 37 (32.74%) Perl
10 37 (32.74%) Puppet
11 36 (31.86%) Kubernetes
12 35 (30.97%) Debian
13 34 (30.09%) Agile Software Development
14 32 (28.32%) Microsoft
15 30 (26.55%) DevOps
16 29 (25.66%) ZABBIX
17 28 (24.78%) BGP
18 27 (23.89%) Degree
19 26 (23.01%) Azure
19 26 (23.01%) AWS
19 26 (23.01%) Configuration Management
19 26 (23.01%) Analytical Skills
19 26 (23.01%) Ansible
20 25 (22.12%) Go
20 25 (22.12%) Shell Script
20 25 (22.12%) Java
20 25 (22.12%) Open Source
20 25 (22.12%) PaaS

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (18.58%) OpenStack
2 18 (15.93%) Apache
2 18 (15.93%) IIS
2 18 (15.93%) nginx
2 18 (15.93%) Tomcat
3 17 (15.04%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 12 (10.62%) ejabberd
5 5 (4.42%) Cloud Foundry
6 3 (2.65%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (0.88%) Confluence
7 1 (0.88%) Oracle Coherence
Cloud Services
1 26 (23.01%) AWS
1 26 (23.01%) Azure
2 25 (22.12%) PaaS
3 17 (15.04%) IaaS
4 11 (9.73%) Cloud Computing
4 11 (9.73%) GCP
5 9 (7.96%) OpenShift
6 6 (5.31%) Amazon EKS
7 5 (4.42%) IBM Cloud
7 5 (4.42%) Microsoft 365
7 5 (4.42%) MinIO
7 5 (4.42%) Stackdriver
8 4 (3.54%) Azure Active Directory
8 4 (3.54%) Tricentis Tosca
9 2 (1.77%) AWS CloudFormation
10 1 (0.88%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 46 (40.71%) Firewall
2 42 (37.17%) Internet
3 41 (36.28%) VPN
4 28 (24.78%) BGP
5 20 (17.70%) SNMP
6 19 (16.81%) LAN
7 18 (15.93%) Diameter Protocol
8 14 (12.39%) PBX
9 12 (10.62%) Asterisk PBX
10 11 (9.73%) MPLS
11 10 (8.85%) DNS
12 9 (7.96%) 5G
12 9 (7.96%) SD-WAN
12 9 (7.96%) VoIP
13 8 (7.08%) Software-Defined Networking
13 8 (7.08%) Wi-Fi
14 6 (5.31%) OpenFlow
14 6 (5.31%) SAN
15 5 (4.42%) 3G
15 5 (4.42%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (18.58%) SQL Server
2 6 (5.31%) NoSQL
3 5 (4.42%) MongoDB
4 4 (3.54%) MySQL
5 3 (2.65%) Big Data
5 3 (2.65%) MariaDB
6 2 (1.77%) DB2
6 2 (1.77%) PostgreSQL
7 1 (0.88%) Apache Cassandra
7 1 (0.88%) Blockchain
7 1 (0.88%) Redis
Development Applications
1 8 (7.08%) Jenkins
2 7 (6.19%) GitLab
3 6 (5.31%) Git (software)
4 4 (3.54%) Selenium
5 1 (0.88%) GDB
5 1 (0.88%) Gradle
5 1 (0.88%) JIRA
5 1 (0.88%) JUnit
5 1 (0.88%) Maven
5 1 (0.88%) Valgrind
General
1 26 (23.01%) Analytical Skills
2 22 (19.47%) Telecoms
3 17 (15.04%) Organisational Skills
4 15 (13.27%) Social Skills
5 12 (10.62%) Games
6 7 (6.19%) Presentation Skills
7 5 (4.42%) iGaming
8 4 (3.54%) Electronics
8 4 (3.54%) Publishing
8 4 (3.54%) Retail
9 2 (1.77%) Finance
9 2 (1.77%) Fire and Rescue
9 2 (1.77%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 2 (1.77%) Law
9 2 (1.77%) Public Sector
10 1 (0.88%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 24 (21.24%) Network Engineer
2 17 (15.04%) Cloud Engineer
2 17 (15.04%) Security Engineer
3 16 (14.16%) Systems Engineer
4 13 (11.50%) Architect
4 13 (11.50%) Network Systems Engineer
5 11 (9.73%) Linux Engineer
6 8 (7.08%) VoIP Engineer
7 7 (6.19%) PHP Architect
7 7 (6.19%) Support Engineer
8 5 (4.42%) Data Centre Engineer
8 5 (4.42%) Development Engineer
8 5 (4.42%) DevOps Engineer
9 4 (3.54%) 1st Line Support
9 4 (3.54%) Core Network Engineer
9 4 (3.54%) Developer
9 4 (3.54%) Network Specialist
9 4 (3.54%) Senior Data Warehouse Specialist
9 4 (3.54%) Senior Network Specialist
9 4 (3.54%) Virtualisation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (19.47%) Elastic Stack
2 17 (15.04%) Web Services
3 12 (10.62%) XMPP
4 7 (6.19%) REST
5 6 (5.31%) gRPC
5 6 (5.31%) Kafka
5 6 (5.31%) libvirt
5 6 (5.31%) WebRTC
6 5 (4.42%) Node.js
6 5 (4.42%) RabbitMQ
7 4 (3.54%) pytest
8 3 (2.65%) ADO
8 3 (2.65%) FreeSWITCH
9 2 (1.77%) .NET
10 1 (0.88%) D3.js
10 1 (0.88%) Django
10 1 (0.88%) JGroups
10 1 (0.88%) React
10 1 (0.88%) SOAP
10 1 (0.88%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 43 (38.05%) Data Centre
2 18 (15.93%) Enterprise Software
3 8 (7.08%) Cloud Native
3 8 (7.08%) Management Information System
3 8 (7.08%) Public Cloud
4 4 (3.54%) Clustering
4 4 (3.54%) Over-the-Top Content
4 4 (3.54%) Video Conferencing
5 2 (1.77%) ASIC
5 2 (1.77%) Driving Licence
6 1 (0.88%) Cybercrime
6 1 (0.88%) Hybrid Cloud
6 1 (0.88%) Legacy Systems
6 1 (0.88%) Linux Command Line
6 1 (0.88%) Mobile App
6 1 (0.88%) PKI
6 1 (0.88%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 82 (72.57%) Linux
2 48 (42.48%) Windows
3 35 (30.97%) Debian
4 13 (11.50%) Windows Server
5 9 (7.96%) CentOS
5 9 (7.96%) Windows Server 2019
6 8 (7.08%) Windows Server 2003
7 5 (4.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (3.54%) Solaris
8 4 (3.54%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.88%) pSOS
9 1 (0.88%) Unix
9 1 (0.88%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.88%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 34 (30.09%) Agile Software Development
2 30 (26.55%) DevOps
3 26 (23.01%) Configuration Management
4 25 (22.12%) Computer Science
4 25 (22.12%) Open Source
5 23 (20.35%) Load Balancing
5 23 (20.35%) Software Engineering
6 22 (19.47%) High Availability
7 20 (17.70%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 18 (15.93%) Architectural Design
8 18 (15.93%) Continuous Integration
8 18 (15.93%) Cost Reduction
9 17 (15.04%) Analytics
9 17 (15.04%) Microservices
9 17 (15.04%) SIEM
9 17 (15.04%) SOA
10 12 (10.62%) Penetration Testing
10 12 (10.62%) Risk Assessment
11 10 (8.85%) Virtual Infrastructure
12 9 (7.96%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 44 (38.94%) Python
2 37 (32.74%) Perl
3 25 (22.12%) Go
3 25 (22.12%) Java
3 25 (22.12%) Shell Script
4 22 (19.47%) PHP
5 19 (16.81%) Bash Shell
6 17 (15.04%) Ruby
7 13 (11.50%) C
8 8 (7.08%) SQL
9 5 (4.42%) C#
10 4 (3.54%) PowerShell
11 3 (2.65%) JavaScript
Qualifications
1 27 (23.89%) Degree
2 24 (21.24%) Security Cleared
3 21 (18.58%) SC Cleared
4 12 (10.62%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (4.42%) Master's Degree
6 3 (2.65%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.88%) CCNP
7 1 (0.88%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (5.31%) QA
2 4 (3.54%) OASIS TOSCA
System Software
1 48 (42.48%) VMware Infrastructure
2 45 (39.82%) Docker
3 22 (19.47%) Hyper-V
4 18 (15.93%) iptables
4 18 (15.93%) QEMU
5 13 (11.50%) Active Directory
6 12 (10.62%) Kamailio
6 12 (10.62%) Postfix
7 10 (8.85%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (8.85%) VMware ESXi
8 8 (7.08%) vSphere
9 6 (5.31%) Xen
10 5 (4.42%) Ceph
10 5 (4.42%) Firmware
11 3 (2.65%) XenDesktop
12 1 (0.88%) Snort
Systems Management
1 37 (32.74%) Puppet
2 36 (31.86%) Kubernetes
3 29 (25.66%) ZABBIX
4 26 (23.01%) Ansible
5 22 (19.47%) Opscode Chef
6 18 (15.93%) Galera Cluster
6 18 (15.93%) HAProxy
7 17 (15.04%) CFEngine
7 17 (15.04%) Demisto
8 10 (8.85%) Prometheus
9 9 (7.96%) Salt
10 8 (7.08%) Rancher
10 8 (7.08%) vCenter Server
11 6 (5.31%) Grafana
12 4 (3.54%) NetBackup
13 3 (2.65%) vRealize
14 2 (1.77%) Red Hat Satellite
15 1 (0.88%) Active Directory Federation Services
Vendors
1 55 (48.67%) VMware
2 32 (28.32%) Microsoft
3 24 (21.24%) Cisco
4 23 (20.35%) Juniper
4 23 (20.35%) Oracle
5 20 (17.70%) Splunk
6 18 (15.93%) GENBAND
6 18 (15.93%) HP
6 18 (15.93%) Mitel
6 18 (15.93%) Percona
6 18 (15.93%) SonicWALL
7 17 (15.04%) ArcSight
7 17 (15.04%) ServiceNow
8 14 (12.39%) Red Hat
9 12 (10.62%) Nortel
10 9 (7.96%) Citrix
11 5 (4.42%) Google
11 5 (4.42%) IBM
11 5 (4.42%) SAP
11 5 (4.42%) Veritas