Period
to 15 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 15 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK
6 months to
15 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 969 934 901
Rank change year-on-year -35 -33 +15
Permanent jobs citing KVM 171 267 348
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.10% 0.15% 0.18%
As % of the System Software category 0.69% 1.14% 1.47%
Number of salaries quoted 144 205 288
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £52,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% -3.85% -5.45%
10th Percentile £27,875 £31,250 £33,750
90th Percentile £78,500 £70,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £42,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +17.65% -10.53% +18.75%

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 24,748 23,331 23,643
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.18% 12.92% 12.37%
Number of salaries quoted 20,204 19,563 19,875
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £25,000 £23,750 £23,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £75,000 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £39,500 £37,500
% change year-on-year +7.59% +5.33% -

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing KVM as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing KVM.

Salary trend for KVM in the UK

KVM
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing KVM over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Salary histogram for KVM in the UK

KVM
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the UK over the 6 months to 15 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -33 166 £55,000 +10.00% 34
UK excluding London -21 92 £50,000 +17.65% 25
London +10 73 £60,000 +4.35% 12
South East -4 36 £55,000 +22.22% 3
North of England +5 20 £48,750 +30.00% 3
South West +21 19 £50,000 +11.11% 8
North West +47 18 £52,500 +65.35% 2
East of England +26 9 £55,000 +19.57% 8
Midlands +19 5 £47,500 +15.15%
East Midlands - 4 £47,500 -
Wales +5 2 £44,000 +17.33% 1
West Midlands +29 1 £47,500 +15.15%
Yorkshire -2 1 £30,000 -20.00%
Scotland -4 1 £28,500 -18.57% 1
North East -10 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 15 November 2018, IT jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for KVM.

1 153 (89.47%) Linux
2 107 (62.57%) VMware
3 99 (57.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 97 (56.73%) Python
5 79 (46.20%) Windows
6 75 (43.86%) Amazon AWS
7 74 (43.27%) Ansible
8 67 (39.18%) Puppet
9 66 (38.60%) DevOps
10 61 (35.67%) Opscode Chef
11 57 (33.33%) Bash Shell
12 56 (32.75%) Firewall
13 52 (30.41%) Hyper-V
14 49 (28.65%) Xen
15 45 (26.32%) Docker
16 44 (25.73%) Git (software)
16 44 (25.73%) MySQL
16 44 (25.73%) DNS
17 43 (25.15%) Jenkins
18 37 (21.64%) SQL
19 35 (20.47%) PostgreSQL
20 33 (19.30%) Ubuntu
21 32 (18.71%) Perl
21 32 (18.71%) Open Source
22 31 (18.13%) Kubernetes
23 30 (17.54%) Microsoft
23 30 (17.54%) Configuration Management
23 30 (17.54%) TCP/IP
23 30 (17.54%) Apache
24 29 (16.96%) Active Directory

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (17.54%) Apache
2 29 (16.96%) OpenStack
3 24 (14.04%) nginx
4 11 (6.43%) Tomcat
5 7 (4.09%) CloudStack
5 7 (4.09%) Elasticsearch
6 6 (3.51%) JBoss
7 5 (2.92%) IIS
7 5 (2.92%) Skype for Business
8 4 (2.34%) Confluence
8 4 (2.34%) uWSGI
8 4 (2.34%) WebLogic
9 3 (1.75%) lighttpd
9 3 (1.75%) WordPress
10 2 (1.17%) Apache Solr
10 2 (1.17%) Apache Spark
10 2 (1.17%) Exchange Server 2007
10 2 (1.17%) MS Exchange
10 2 (1.17%) WebLogic Portal
11 1 (0.58%) Jetty
Applications
1 4 (2.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (1.17%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 75 (43.86%) Amazon AWS
2 29 (16.96%) Microsoft Azure
3 19 (11.11%) SaaS
4 12 (7.02%) OpenShift
5 10 (5.85%) Office 365
6 8 (4.68%) PaaS
7 7 (4.09%) IaaS
8 6 (3.51%) Amazon EC2
8 6 (3.51%) Cloud Computing
8 6 (3.51%) GitHub
9 5 (2.92%) Mimecast
10 4 (2.34%) Google Cloud Platform
10 4 (2.34%) NuGet
11 2 (1.17%) Amazon S3
12 1 (0.58%) G Suite
12 1 (0.58%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 56 (32.75%) Firewall
2 44 (25.73%) DNS
3 30 (17.54%) TCP/IP
4 18 (10.53%) NAS
4 18 (10.53%) SAN
5 17 (9.94%) DHCP
6 15 (8.77%) VLAN
7 14 (8.19%) OpenVPN
7 14 (8.19%) OPNsense
8 12 (7.02%) iSCSI
8 12 (7.02%) LAN
9 11 (6.43%) PBX
10 10 (5.85%) WAN
11 9 (5.26%) VoIP
12 8 (4.68%) RTP
12 8 (4.68%) Wireshark
13 7 (4.09%) HTTP
13 7 (4.09%) IPsec
13 7 (4.09%) SNMP
13 7 (4.09%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (25.73%) MySQL
2 35 (20.47%) PostgreSQL
3 20 (11.70%) SQL Server
4 17 (9.94%) NoSQL
5 10 (5.85%) Relational Database
6 6 (3.51%) Apache Cassandra
6 6 (3.51%) RDBMS
7 5 (2.92%) Amazon RDS
8 4 (2.34%) CouchDB
8 4 (2.34%) Oracle Database
8 4 (2.34%) Redis
9 3 (1.75%) Big Data
9 3 (1.75%) Hadoop
9 3 (1.75%) MariaDB
9 3 (1.75%) Riak
10 2 (1.17%) Oracle Database 11g
10 2 (1.17%) SQL Server 2005
10 2 (1.17%) SQL Server 2014
11 1 (0.58%) HBase
11 1 (0.58%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 44 (25.73%) Git (software)
2 43 (25.15%) Jenkins
3 18 (10.53%) Subversion
4 10 (5.85%) JIRA
5 9 (5.26%) GitLab
5 9 (5.26%) Visual Studio
6 6 (3.51%) Bitbucket
6 6 (3.51%) GDB
6 6 (3.51%) Maven
6 6 (3.51%) Team Foundation Server
6 6 (3.51%) Vagrant
6 6 (3.51%) Valgrind
7 5 (2.92%) Metasploit
7 5 (2.92%) TeamCity
8 3 (1.75%) Visual Studio Team System
9 2 (1.17%) Bugzilla
9 2 (1.17%) Selenium
10 1 (0.58%) Chocolatey
10 1 (0.58%) Sonatype Nexus
10 1 (0.58%) WiX
General
1 20 (11.70%) Finance
2 19 (11.11%) Telecoms
3 7 (4.09%) Banking
4 6 (3.51%) Electronics
5 4 (2.34%) Games
5 4 (2.34%) Manufacturing
5 4 (2.34%) Marketing
5 4 (2.34%) Retail
6 3 (1.75%) Law
6 3 (1.75%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 44 (25.73%) DevOps Engineer
2 32 (18.71%) Administrator
3 26 (15.20%) Linux Administrator
4 24 (14.04%) Systems Administrator
5 23 (13.45%) Systems Engineer
6 22 (12.87%) Linux Engineer
7 21 (12.28%) Linux Systems Administrator
8 16 (9.36%) DevOps Administrator
9 15 (8.77%) Linux Systems Engineer
10 14 (8.19%) Linux/Unix DevOps
11 13 (7.60%) AWS DevOps
12 12 (7.02%) AWS Administrator
12 12 (7.02%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 12 (7.02%) Linux DevOps Administrator
13 11 (6.43%) Lead DevOps
14 10 (5.85%) Architect
15 9 (5.26%) Developer
16 8 (4.68%) Lead DevOps Engineer
17 7 (4.09%) Support Engineer
18 6 (3.51%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (14.04%) LAMP
2 23 (13.45%) LDAP
3 21 (12.28%) LEMP Stack
4 13 (7.60%) LAPP Stack
5 10 (5.85%) XML
6 7 (4.09%) Elastic Stack
6 7 (4.09%) JSON
6 7 (4.09%) RESTful
6 7 (4.09%) Web Services
7 6 (3.51%) FreeSWITCH
7 6 (3.51%) HTML
7 6 (3.51%) OpenVZ
7 6 (3.51%) Spring Boot
8 5 (2.92%) .NET
8 5 (2.92%) MAPI
8 5 (2.92%) Regular Expression
9 4 (2.34%) Django
9 4 (2.34%) libvirt
9 4 (2.34%) Middleware
9 4 (2.34%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 29 (16.96%) Linux Command Line
2 17 (9.94%) Data Centre
3 13 (7.60%) Replication
4 12 (7.02%) Computer Science
4 12 (7.02%) Self-Motivation
5 6 (3.51%) Analytical Skills
5 6 (3.51%) Clustering
6 5 (2.92%) BYOD
6 5 (2.92%) Management Information System
6 5 (2.92%) Video Conferencing
6 5 (2.92%) Virtual Team
6 5 (2.92%) YubiKey
7 3 (1.75%) Public Cloud
7 3 (1.75%) Video\Live Streaming
8 2 (1.17%) Data Structures
8 2 (1.17%) Digital Media
8 2 (1.17%) Greenfield Project
9 1 (0.58%) Algorithms
9 1 (0.58%) Enterprise Storage
9 1 (0.58%) SIMD
Operating Systems
1 153 (89.47%) Linux
2 79 (46.20%) Windows
3 33 (19.30%) Ubuntu
4 25 (14.62%) CentOS
5 24 (14.04%) Debian
6 20 (11.70%) Windows Server
7 19 (11.11%) FreeBSD
8 17 (9.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 16 (9.36%) Unix
10 14 (8.19%) Solaris
11 5 (2.92%) OpenBSD
11 5 (2.92%) VMS
11 5 (2.92%) Windows 10
11 5 (2.92%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (1.75%) Windows 7
13 2 (1.17%) SUSE
13 2 (1.17%) Windows Server 2003
13 2 (1.17%) Windows Server 2012
14 1 (0.58%) Fedora
14 1 (0.58%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 66 (38.60%) DevOps
2 32 (18.71%) Open Source
3 30 (17.54%) Configuration Management
4 28 (16.37%) Agile Software Development
5 25 (14.62%) Problem-Solving
6 17 (9.94%) Mentoring
7 16 (9.36%) Analytics
7 16 (9.36%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 15 (8.77%) Continuous Integration
8 15 (8.77%) Project Management
9 12 (7.02%) Cybersecurity
10 10 (5.85%) Continuous Delivery
10 10 (5.85%) Continuous Improvement
10 10 (5.85%) Load Balancing
10 10 (5.85%) Performance Tuning
10 10 (5.85%) Video Analytics
11 9 (5.26%) Deep Learning
11 9 (5.26%) High Availability
11 9 (5.26%) Information Security
12 8 (4.68%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 97 (56.73%) Python
2 57 (33.33%) Bash Shell
3 37 (21.64%) SQL
4 32 (18.71%) Perl
5 21 (12.28%) PowerShell
6 17 (9.94%) Java
7 16 (9.36%) PHP
8 14 (8.19%) Ruby
9 13 (7.60%) JavaScript
10 11 (6.43%) C
11 9 (5.26%) C++
11 9 (5.26%) Shell Script
12 7 (4.09%) Go
13 3 (1.75%) Erlang
14 2 (1.17%) C-shell
14 2 (1.17%) Korn
14 2 (1.17%) Scala
15 1 (0.58%) C#
Qualifications
1 18 (10.53%) Degree
2 7 (4.09%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
3 6 (3.51%) Cisco Certification
3 6 (3.51%) RHCE
4 5 (2.92%) CCNA
5 4 (2.34%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (1.75%) PMI Certification
6 3 (1.75%) PMP
6 3 (1.75%) VCP6
7 2 (1.17%) RHCSA
7 2 (1.17%) Security Cleared
8 1 (0.58%) CCNP
8 1 (0.58%) HNC
8 1 (0.58%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (6.43%) QA
2 5 (2.92%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 3 (1.75%) COBIT
3 3 (1.75%) GDPR
3 3 (1.75%) ISO 14001
System Software
1 99 (57.89%) VMware Infrastructure
2 52 (30.41%) Hyper-V
3 49 (28.65%) Xen
4 45 (26.32%) Docker
5 29 (16.96%) Active Directory
6 27 (15.79%) NFS
7 25 (14.62%) pfSense
8 19 (11.11%) Samba
8 19 (11.11%) VirtualBox
9 17 (9.94%) QEMU
10 16 (9.36%) VMware ESXi
11 12 (7.02%) oVirt
12 8 (4.68%) Ceph
13 7 (4.09%) SRDF
13 7 (4.09%) Virtual Machines
14 5 (2.92%) DRBD
14 5 (2.92%) vSphere
15 4 (2.34%) iptables
15 4 (2.34%) Varnish
15 4 (2.34%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 74 (43.27%) Ansible
2 67 (39.18%) Puppet
3 61 (35.67%) Opscode Chef
4 31 (18.13%) Kubernetes
5 23 (13.45%) Terraform
6 21 (12.28%) Nagios
7 15 (8.77%) ZABBIX
8 8 (4.68%) Icinga
8 8 (4.68%) SCCM
9 7 (4.09%) HAProxy
10 6 (3.51%) Cacti
10 6 (3.51%) Munin
10 6 (3.51%) rkt
11 5 (2.92%) Mesos
11 5 (2.92%) Microsoft Intune
11 5 (2.92%) Nessus
11 5 (2.92%) Network Intrusion Detection System
11 5 (2.92%) OpenVAS
11 5 (2.92%) QRadar
11 5 (2.92%) SCOM
Vendors
1 107 (62.57%) VMware
2 30 (17.54%) Microsoft
3 27 (15.79%) Red Hat
4 26 (15.20%) Cisco
5 18 (10.53%) Oracle
6 14 (8.19%) PagerDuty
7 13 (7.60%) EMC
8 12 (7.02%) NetApp
9 11 (6.43%) SaltStack
10 9 (5.26%) Juniper
11 8 (4.68%) Google
11 8 (4.68%) Intel
11 8 (4.68%) SolarWinds
12 6 (3.51%) Palo Alto
12 6 (3.51%) SonicWALL
12 6 (3.51%) Splunk
12 6 (3.51%) WatchGuard
13 5 (2.92%) Qualys
13 5 (2.92%) Sophos
13 5 (2.92%) Tripwire