Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 11 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
11 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 841 624 303
Rank change year-on-year -217 -321 +44
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 38 16 3
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 0.050% 0.039% 0.034%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.28% 0.22% 0.16%
Number of salaries quoted 26 10 3
10th Percentile £30,625 £53,375 -
25th Percentile £31,250 £60,000 -
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £32,500 £73,750 £24,000
Median % change year-on-year -55.93% +207.29% -74.74%
75th Percentile £73,125 £90,000 £69,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £92,500 £96,800
UK median annual salary £62,500 £82,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year -24.24% +50.00% -21.43%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 13,376 7,297 1,843
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 17.64% 17.91% 20.87%
Number of salaries quoted 7,518 5,757 1,604
10th Percentile £30,932 £31,250 £31,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £53,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -1.87% -6.96%
75th Percentile £73,750 £67,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +8.70%

Kali Linux
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Kali Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Kali Linux trend for jobs with a WFH option

Kali Linux
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Kali Linux.

Kali Linux salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 11 August 2022.

Kali Linux salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 11 August 2022, Kali Linux job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 35 (92.11%) Microsoft 365
2 31 (81.58%) Finance
3 30 (78.95%) Social Skills
4 29 (76.32%) Microsoft
5 28 (73.68%) Linux
6 27 (71.05%) Test Automation
6 27 (71.05%) Analytical Skills
6 27 (71.05%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
6 27 (71.05%) Threat Intelligence
7 25 (65.79%) vCenter Server
7 25 (65.79%) vSphere
7 25 (65.79%) VMware ESXi
7 25 (65.79%) SharePoint
7 25 (65.79%) DHCP
7 25 (65.79%) DNS
7 25 (65.79%) Active Directory
7 25 (65.79%) VMware
7 25 (65.79%) Ubuntu
7 25 (65.79%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 25 (65.79%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 23 (60.53%) TCP/IP
8 23 (60.53%) Cyberattack
9 22 (57.89%) Cybercrime
9 22 (57.89%) System Integration Testing
9 22 (57.89%) SC Cleared
9 22 (57.89%) Security Cleared
9 22 (57.89%) VMware Infrastructure
9 22 (57.89%) Microsoft Office
9 22 (57.89%) Regression Testing
9 22 (57.89%) Mathematics

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (65.79%) SharePoint
2 4 (10.53%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 22 (57.89%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 35 (92.11%) Microsoft 365
2 7 (18.42%) Azure
3 6 (15.79%) Power Platform
4 4 (10.53%) Azure Sentinel
5 3 (7.89%) AWS
Communications & Networking
1 25 (65.79%) DHCP
1 25 (65.79%) DNS
2 23 (60.53%) TCP/IP
3 22 (57.89%) Network Security
4 3 (7.89%) Cisco Firepower
4 3 (7.89%) Firewall
4 3 (7.89%) NAS
4 3 (7.89%) NGFW
4 3 (7.89%) SAN
4 3 (7.89%) VLAN
4 3 (7.89%) Wireshark
5 1 (2.63%) 4G
5 1 (2.63%) 5G
5 1 (2.63%) HTTP
5 1 (2.63%) LTE
5 1 (2.63%) Radio Access Network
5 1 (2.63%) SD-WAN
5 1 (2.63%) SSL
5 1 (2.63%) WAN
5 1 (2.63%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6 (15.79%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 7 (18.42%) Burp Suite
1 7 (18.42%) Metasploit
2 6 (15.79%) Emacs
General
1 31 (81.58%) Finance
2 30 (78.95%) Social Skills
3 27 (71.05%) Analytical Skills
4 25 (65.79%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 2 (5.26%) Public Sector
6 1 (2.63%) Aerospace
6 1 (2.63%) Publishing
6 1 (2.63%) Retail
6 1 (2.63%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 25 (65.79%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 22 (57.89%) Graduate
2 22 (57.89%) Graduate Infrastructure Engineer
3 10 (26.32%) Graduate IT Engineer
3 10 (26.32%) IT Engineer
3 10 (26.32%) IT Graduate
3 10 (26.32%) IT Infrastructure Engineer
4 6 (15.79%) Security Specialist
5 4 (10.53%) Security Engineer
6 3 (7.89%) Penetration Tester
6 3 (7.89%) Tester
7 1 (2.63%) Consultant
7 1 (2.63%) Cybersecurity Consultant
7 1 (2.63%) Lead Tester
7 1 (2.63%) Senior Consultant
7 1 (2.63%) Senior Cybersecurity Consultant
7 1 (2.63%) Senior Penetration Tester
7 1 (2.63%) Senior Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1 (2.63%) HTML
Miscellaneous
1 23 (60.53%) Cyberattack
2 22 (57.89%) Cybercrime
3 14 (36.84%) Cyber Defence
4 6 (15.79%) SCADA
5 4 (10.53%) Cyberthreat
5 4 (10.53%) e-Learning
5 4 (10.53%) Management Information System
5 4 (10.53%) Security Operations Centre
6 3 (7.89%) RSA SecurID
7 1 (2.63%) Blog
7 1 (2.63%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 28 (73.68%) Linux
2 25 (65.79%) Ubuntu
3 1 (2.63%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 27 (71.05%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
1 27 (71.05%) Test Automation
1 27 (71.05%) Threat Intelligence
2 25 (65.79%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 22 (57.89%) Integration Testing
3 22 (57.89%) Mathematics
3 22 (57.89%) Problem-Solving
3 22 (57.89%) Project Delivery
3 22 (57.89%) Regression Testing
3 22 (57.89%) System Integration Testing
3 22 (57.89%) Test Scripting
4 13 (34.21%) Penetration Testing
5 12 (31.58%) Information Security
6 7 (18.42%) SIEM
7 6 (15.79%) Agile
7 6 (15.79%) Cyber Intelligence
7 6 (15.79%) DevOps
7 6 (15.79%) Innovative Thinking
7 6 (15.79%) Non-Functional Testing
7 6 (15.79%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 7 (18.42%) PowerShell
1 7 (18.42%) Python
2 2 (5.26%) Bash
2 2 (5.26%) Java
2 2 (5.26%) Perl
2 2 (5.26%) PHP
3 1 (2.63%) C
3 1 (2.63%) C++
Qualifications
1 22 (57.89%) SC Cleared
1 22 (57.89%) Security Cleared
2 7 (18.42%) OSCP
3 6 (15.79%) CISSP
4 1 (2.63%) Computer Science Degree
4 1 (2.63%) CREST Certified
4 1 (2.63%) Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (26.32%) NIST
2 6 (15.79%) GDPR
2 6 (15.79%) HIPAA
3 4 (10.53%) Cyber Essentials
3 4 (10.53%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
3 4 (10.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (10.53%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 25 (65.79%) Active Directory
1 25 (65.79%) VMware ESXi
1 25 (65.79%) vSphere
2 22 (57.89%) VMware Infrastructure
3 3 (7.89%) BitLocker
Systems Management
1 25 (65.79%) vCenter Server
2 3 (7.89%) Nagios
3 2 (5.26%) Nessus
3 2 (5.26%) Nmap
Vendors
1 29 (76.32%) Microsoft
2 25 (65.79%) VMware
3 4 (10.53%) McAfee
3 4 (10.53%) Qualys
3 4 (10.53%) Rapid7
3 4 (10.53%) Sophos
4 3 (7.89%) ArcSight
4 3 (7.89%) Cisco
4 3 (7.89%) Dell
4 3 (7.89%) HP
4 3 (7.89%) SolarWinds
4 3 (7.89%) Splunk
4 3 (7.89%) Symantec