Period
to 13 April 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 15 16 20
Rank change year-on-year +1 +4 +29
Permanent jobs citing Python 1,955 825 856
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 12.36% 11.44% 10.81%
As % of the Programming Languages category 20.53% 18.69% 19.17%
Number of salaries quoted 1,682 680 769
10th Percentile £41,250 £38,975 £41,250
25th Percentile £48,750 £48,750 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.85% +8.33% -
75th Percentile £83,750 £83,750 £79,000
90th Percentile £96,250 £105,000 £93,750
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 9,522 4,414 4,465
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 60.20% 61.22% 56.38%
Number of salaries quoted 8,336 3,886 4,052
10th Percentile £34,875 £35,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £41,625
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
75th Percentile £73,563 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Python
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Python trend for jobs with a WFH option

Python
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Python.

Python salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Python
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Python over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Python salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, Python job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Python.

1 801 (40.97%) AWS
2 659 (33.71%) Agile Software Development
3 625 (31.97%) JavaScript
4 591 (30.23%) Software Engineering
5 582 (29.77%) Java
6 539 (27.57%) DevOps
7 520 (26.60%) Azure
8 511 (26.14%) SQL
9 495 (25.32%) Docker
10 425 (21.74%) Kubernetes
10 425 (21.74%) Linux
11 424 (21.69%) GCP
12 417 (21.33%) Finance
13 406 (20.77%) React
14 339 (17.34%) C#
15 301 (15.40%) Terraform
15 301 (15.40%) Data Science
16 298 (15.24%) Node.js
17 272 (13.91%) Serverless
18 269 (13.76%) .NET
19 268 (13.71%) Machine Learning
20 261 (13.35%) Ansible
21 244 (12.48%) Web Services
22 237 (12.12%) Go
23 234 (11.97%) Jenkins
24 232 (11.87%) PostgreSQL
25 231 (11.82%) AngularJS
25 231 (11.82%) Microservices
26 230 (11.76%) Git (software)
27 217 (11.10%) Analytics

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 124 (6.34%) Apache Spark
2 114 (5.83%) Elasticsearch
3 81 (4.14%) Apache
4 44 (2.25%) SAS
5 32 (1.64%) Confluence
6 28 (1.43%) Apache Airflow
7 25 (1.28%) nginx
8 20 (1.02%) CMS
9 18 (0.92%) OpenStack
10 14 (0.72%) IIS
11 12 (0.61%) Tomcat
12 9 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
12 9 (0.46%) Jupyter
12 9 (0.46%) Tornado
13 8 (0.41%) Sitecore CMS
14 7 (0.36%) CloudStack
14 7 (0.36%) Luigi
14 7 (0.36%) SharePoint
14 7 (0.36%) WordPress
15 5 (0.26%) Apache Pulsar
Applications
1 22 (1.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 16 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.15%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.051%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.051%) Fireworks
5 1 (0.051%) Gephi
5 1 (0.051%) Inkscape
5 1 (0.051%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.051%) ProjectWise
5 1 (0.051%) Revit
Business Applications
1 10 (0.51%) Sentinel
2 6 (0.31%) R3 Corda
3 4 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.10%) Eikon
5 1 (0.051%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.051%) SAP HCM
Cloud Services
1 801 (40.97%) AWS
2 520 (26.60%) Azure
3 424 (21.69%) GCP
4 272 (13.91%) Serverless
5 110 (5.63%) SaaS
6 96 (4.91%) AWS Lambda
7 87 (4.45%) AWS CloudFormation
8 74 (3.79%) Power Platform
9 72 (3.68%) Amazon S3
10 71 (3.63%) GitHub
11 64 (3.27%) Amazon EC2
12 56 (2.86%) Cloud Computing
13 54 (2.76%) PaaS
14 50 (2.56%) Amazon ECS
15 44 (2.25%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 44 (2.25%) Amazon EKS
16 39 (1.99%) IBM Cloud
17 38 (1.94%) Amazon Kinesis
17 38 (1.94%) IaaS
18 25 (1.28%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 56 (2.86%) TCP/IP
2 42 (2.15%) Internet
3 41 (2.10%) DNS
4 38 (1.94%) HTTP
5 34 (1.74%) Firewall
5 34 (1.74%) Wireless
6 32 (1.64%) Wi-Fi
7 26 (1.33%) DVB
7 26 (1.33%) MIMO
8 16 (0.82%) Ethernet
9 14 (0.72%) WAN
10 13 (0.66%) LAN
10 13 (0.66%) VPN
11 12 (0.61%) VoIP
12 11 (0.56%) SSL
13 9 (0.46%) OpenVPN
13 9 (0.46%) VLAN
14 8 (0.41%) BGP
14 8 (0.41%) Network Security
14 8 (0.41%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 232 (11.87%) PostgreSQL
2 154 (7.88%) MongoDB
3 153 (7.83%) Big Data
4 149 (7.62%) NoSQL
5 133 (6.80%) MySQL
6 132 (6.75%) SQL Server
7 103 (5.27%) Hadoop
8 102 (5.22%) Relational Database
9 83 (4.25%) Data Warehouse
10 81 (4.14%) Redis
11 67 (3.43%) Power BI
12 53 (2.71%) Apache Hive
12 53 (2.71%) Tableau
13 50 (2.56%) Amazon Redshift
14 47 (2.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 40 (2.05%) Amazon RDS
15 40 (2.05%) Data Lake
16 37 (1.89%) BigQuery
17 30 (1.53%) Blockchain
18 27 (1.38%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 234 (11.97%) Jenkins
2 230 (11.76%) Git (software)
3 102 (5.22%) GitLab
4 92 (4.71%) JIRA
5 49 (2.51%) Selenium
6 43 (2.20%) TeamCity
7 41 (2.10%) Cucumber
8 37 (1.89%) Maven
9 27 (1.38%) Cypress.io
10 25 (1.28%) CircleCI
11 24 (1.23%) Bitbucket
12 23 (1.18%) Travis CI
13 22 (1.13%) Gradle
14 21 (1.07%) Subversion
15 19 (0.97%) Postman
16 18 (0.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 18 (0.92%) JMeter
17 16 (0.82%) webpack
18 15 (0.77%) Artifactory
19 12 (0.61%) Mercurial
General
1 417 (21.33%) Finance
2 101 (5.17%) Banking
3 88 (4.50%) Retail
4 79 (4.04%) Marketing
5 63 (3.22%) Games
6 53 (2.71%) Telecoms
7 46 (2.35%) Law
7 46 (2.35%) Public Sector
8 34 (1.74%) Electronics
9 29 (1.48%) Manufacturing
10 24 (1.23%) Front Office
10 24 (1.23%) Legal
11 22 (1.13%) Automotive
12 18 (0.92%) Financial Institution
13 12 (0.61%) Advertising
14 11 (0.56%) Military
15 9 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
15 9 (0.46%) Publishing
16 6 (0.31%) Aerospace
16 6 (0.31%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 702 (35.91%) Developer
2 332 (16.98%) Software Engineer
3 257 (13.15%) Python Developer
4 239 (12.23%) DevOps Engineer
5 184 (9.41%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 177 (9.05%) React Developer
7 166 (8.49%) Python Engineer
8 152 (7.77%) Data Engineer
9 116 (5.93%) Full Stack Developer
10 107 (5.47%) Senior Developer
11 95 (4.86%) Software Developer
12 85 (4.35%) AWS Engineer
13 84 (4.30%) JavaScript Developer
14 81 (4.14%) Data Scientist
15 73 (3.73%) Senior DevOps
16 69 (3.53%) Java Developer
17 67 (3.43%) Cloud Engineer
17 67 (3.43%) Senior DevOps Engineer
18 65 (3.32%) Site Reliability Engineer
19 60 (3.07%) Senior Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 406 (20.77%) React
2 298 (15.24%) Node.js
3 269 (13.76%) .NET
4 244 (12.48%) Web Services
5 231 (11.82%) AngularJS
6 181 (9.26%) Kafka
7 160 (8.18%) HTML
8 158 (8.08%) React Native
9 153 (7.83%) REST
10 147 (7.52%) Django
11 146 (7.47%) CSS
12 142 (7.26%) Vue.js
13 96 (4.91%) RESTful
14 69 (3.53%) Flask
15 63 (3.22%) Spring
16 53 (2.71%) RabbitMQ
17 52 (2.66%) Spring Boot
18 46 (2.35%) GraphQL
18 46 (2.35%) KnockoutJS
19 44 (2.25%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 124 (6.34%) Algorithms
2 103 (5.27%) Analytical Skills
3 86 (4.40%) Greenfield Project
4 78 (3.99%) Blog
5 77 (3.94%) Cloud Native
6 65 (3.32%) User Experience
7 49 (2.51%) Self-Motivation
8 43 (2.20%) Public Cloud
9 41 (2.10%) Hedge funds
10 39 (1.99%) Data Structures
11 38 (1.94%) Mobile App
12 35 (1.79%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
13 32 (1.64%) Data Centre
14 27 (1.38%) Linux Command Line
15 26 (1.33%) Management Information System
16 24 (1.23%) NHS
17 22 (1.13%) Private Cloud
18 20 (1.02%) Virtual Team
19 19 (0.97%) Derivative
20 18 (0.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 425 (21.74%) Linux
2 106 (5.42%) Windows
3 88 (4.50%) Unix
4 38 (1.94%) Android
5 37 (1.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 31 (1.59%) Windows Server
7 26 (1.33%) CentOS
8 14 (0.72%) Embedded Linux
8 14 (0.72%) Ubuntu
9 9 (0.46%) Apple iOS
9 9 (0.46%) Robot Operating System
10 7 (0.36%) Fedora
11 6 (0.31%) Debian
11 6 (0.31%) Mac OS
12 3 (0.15%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.15%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.10%) Alpine Linux
13 2 (0.10%) Kali Linux
14 1 (0.051%) Windows Server 2016
14 1 (0.051%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 659 (33.71%) Agile Software Development
2 591 (30.23%) Software Engineering
3 539 (27.57%) DevOps
4 301 (15.40%) Data Science
5 268 (13.71%) Machine Learning
6 231 (11.82%) Microservices
7 217 (11.10%) Analytics
8 207 (10.59%) Problem-Solving
9 199 (10.18%) Fintech
10 191 (9.77%) Artificial Intelligence
11 162 (8.29%) TDD
12 161 (8.24%) Asset Management
13 156 (7.98%) Open Source
14 149 (7.62%) ETL
15 145 (7.42%) Scrum
16 142 (7.26%) Web Application Development
17 141 (7.21%) Computer Science
17 141 (7.21%) Progressive Web App
17 141 (7.21%) Test Automation
18 140 (7.16%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 625 (31.97%) JavaScript
2 582 (29.77%) Java
3 511 (26.14%) SQL
4 339 (17.34%) C#
5 237 (12.12%) Go
6 212 (10.84%) C++
7 199 (10.18%) Bash Shell
8 167 (8.54%) TypeScript
9 159 (8.13%) C
10 144 (7.37%) Ruby
11 117 (5.98%) PHP
12 112 (5.73%) R
13 97 (4.96%) PowerShell
14 95 (4.86%) Scala
15 51 (2.61%) Perl
16 46 (2.35%) Shell Script
17 38 (1.94%) MATLAB
18 31 (1.59%) Groovy
19 27 (1.38%) Kotlin
20 22 (1.13%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 198 (10.13%) Degree
2 75 (3.84%) PhD
3 72 (3.68%) Computer Science Degree
4 49 (2.51%) Security Cleared
5 41 (2.10%) SC Cleared
6 15 (0.77%) AWS Certification
7 11 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
8 9 (0.46%) Cisco Certification
9 7 (0.36%) CCNP
9 7 (0.36%) MPhil
10 6 (0.31%) CCIE
11 5 (0.26%) GCFE
11 5 (0.26%) ISEB
11 5 (0.26%) ISTQB
11 5 (0.26%) Master's Degree
11 5 (0.26%) OSCP
12 4 (0.20%) GCIH
12 4 (0.20%) GIAC
12 4 (0.20%) PMI Certification
12 4 (0.20%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 87 (4.45%) QA
2 28 (1.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 12 (0.61%) GDPR
4 10 (0.51%) PCI DSS
5 9 (0.46%) Data Quality
5 9 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 9 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27005
5 9 (0.46%) NCSC
6 6 (0.31%) ISO 26262
7 5 (0.26%) NIST
8 4 (0.20%) SLA
9 3 (0.15%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.10%) IEC 61131
10 2 (0.10%) ISO 20022
10 2 (0.10%) SOC 1
10 2 (0.10%) SOC 2
11 1 (0.051%) NIST 800
System Software
1 495 (25.32%) Docker
2 44 (2.25%) VMware Infrastructure
3 33 (1.69%) Firmware
4 13 (0.66%) Active Directory
5 12 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (0.46%) Hyper-V
7 8 (0.41%) Xen
8 5 (0.26%) KVM
8 5 (0.26%) Postfix
8 5 (0.26%) VirtualBox
9 4 (0.20%) VMware NSX
10 3 (0.15%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.15%) Ceph
10 3 (0.15%) Kamailio
11 2 (0.10%) Btrfs
11 2 (0.10%) DRBD
11 2 (0.10%) NFS
11 2 (0.10%) Varnish
11 2 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.10%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 425 (21.74%) Kubernetes
2 301 (15.40%) Terraform
3 261 (13.35%) Ansible
4 145 (7.42%) Puppet
5 84 (4.30%) Opscode Chef
6 46 (2.35%) Prometheus
7 34 (1.74%) Grafana
8 26 (1.33%) Docker Swarm
9 24 (1.23%) Nagios
10 17 (0.87%) Salt
11 15 (0.77%) Kibana
12 14 (0.72%) HAProxy
12 14 (0.72%) Red Hat Satellite
13 13 (0.66%) logstash
14 9 (0.46%) Rundeck
15 8 (0.41%) Icinga
16 7 (0.36%) Packer
17 6 (0.31%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
18 5 (0.26%) Computer Incident Response Team
18 5 (0.26%) Consul
Vendors
1 135 (6.91%) Google
2 107 (5.47%) Microsoft
3 62 (3.17%) Oracle
4 55 (2.81%) VMware
5 49 (2.51%) Red Hat
6 43 (2.20%) IBM
7 37 (1.89%) Databricks
8 26 (1.33%) SAP
8 26 (1.33%) Yahoo!
9 21 (1.07%) Apple
9 21 (1.07%) Atlassian
10 19 (0.97%) Cisco
11 17 (0.87%) Sun
12 15 (0.77%) Talend
13 14 (0.72%) Twitter
14 12 (0.61%) AppDynamics
14 12 (0.61%) PagerDuty
15 11 (0.56%) Adobe
16 10 (0.51%) FNZ
16 10 (0.51%) Salesforce.com