Period
to 20 September 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 17 17 17
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +10
Permanent jobs citing Python 3,169 684 908
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 12.28% 12.90% 11.40%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.23% 20.11% 19.61%
Number of salaries quoted 2,356 609 823
10th Percentile £42,500 £36,250 £38,750
25th Percentile £50,000 £45,000 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £60,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -14.29% +16.67%
75th Percentile £86,563 £77,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £101,125 £95,000 £100,000
UK median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £61,000
% change year-on-year +3.85% +6.56% +1.67%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 14,927 3,402 4,630
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 57.82% 64.14% 58.13%
Number of salaries quoted 11,917 3,082 4,183
10th Percentile £36,750 £35,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £76,250 £71,250 £72,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Python
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Python trend for jobs with a WFH option

Python
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Python.

Python salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Python
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Python over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Python salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, Python job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Python.

1 1,395 (44.02%) AWS
2 1,077 (33.99%) Agile Software Development
3 978 (30.86%) JavaScript
4 957 (30.20%) Software Engineering
5 944 (29.79%) Java
6 922 (29.09%) Docker
7 910 (28.72%) SQL
8 865 (27.30%) Azure
9 856 (27.01%) DevOps
10 840 (26.51%) Finance
11 738 (23.29%) Kubernetes
12 684 (21.58%) GCP
13 659 (20.80%) React
14 588 (18.55%) Terraform
15 580 (18.30%) Social Skills
16 539 (17.01%) Linux
17 476 (15.02%) Serverless
18 475 (14.99%) Microservices
19 464 (14.64%) C#
20 461 (14.55%) Analytics
21 456 (14.39%) Data Science
22 449 (14.17%) Git (software)
23 442 (13.95%) Ansible
24 437 (13.79%) Machine Learning
25 436 (13.76%) Full Stack Development
26 406 (12.81%) PostgreSQL
27 405 (12.78%) Django
28 397 (12.53%) Go
29 393 (12.40%) Problem-Solving
30 387 (12.21%) Degree

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 169 (5.33%) Elasticsearch
2 137 (4.32%) Apache Spark
3 130 (4.10%) Apache
4 78 (2.46%) Apache Airflow
5 67 (2.11%) Confluence
6 56 (1.77%) nginx
7 37 (1.17%) CMS
8 31 (0.98%) OpenStack
9 20 (0.63%) SAS
9 20 (0.63%) WordPress
10 16 (0.50%) IIS
10 16 (0.50%) SharePoint
11 13 (0.41%) Apache Pig
12 11 (0.35%) Luigi
13 10 (0.32%) Apache Solr
14 8 (0.25%) Ethereum
15 7 (0.22%) Drupal
16 6 (0.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 6 (0.19%) Oracle Spatial
17 4 (0.13%) Jupyter
Applications
1 88 (2.78%) Microsoft Excel
2 35 (1.10%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
5 9 (0.28%) Chatbot
6 8 (0.25%) Figma
7 6 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 4 (0.13%) Maya
8 4 (0.13%) MotionBuilder
8 4 (0.13%) MS Visio
9 2 (0.063%) Simulink
9 2 (0.063%) Weka
10 1 (0.032%) Gephi
10 1 (0.032%) GNU Octave
10 1 (0.032%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 37 (1.17%) Payment Gateway
2 11 (0.35%) Magento
3 2 (0.063%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.063%) NetSuite
3 2 (0.063%) R3 Corda
3 2 (0.063%) Relativity
3 2 (0.063%) SAP HCM
3 2 (0.063%) Sentinel
3 2 (0.063%) Unit4 Business World
3 2 (0.063%) WebTrends
4 1 (0.032%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.032%) FastStats
4 1 (0.032%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.032%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.032%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,395 (44.02%) AWS
2 865 (27.30%) Azure
3 684 (21.58%) GCP
4 476 (15.02%) Serverless
5 195 (6.15%) Amazon S3
5 195 (6.15%) SaaS
6 190 (6.00%) AWS Lambda
7 182 (5.74%) Power Platform
8 180 (5.68%) AWS CloudFormation
9 174 (5.49%) Amazon EC2
10 172 (5.43%) GitHub
11 142 (4.48%) PaaS
12 96 (3.03%) Cloud Computing
13 81 (2.56%) IaaS
14 76 (2.40%) Amazon ECS
15 64 (2.02%) Azure Data Factory
16 58 (1.83%) Datadog
17 54 (1.70%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 51 (1.61%) Snowflake
19 46 (1.45%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 93 (2.93%) HTTP
2 79 (2.49%) DNS
3 56 (1.77%) Firewall
4 48 (1.51%) VPN
5 44 (1.39%) Wi-Fi
6 42 (1.33%) Wireless
7 37 (1.17%) Broadband
8 36 (1.14%) DVB
8 36 (1.14%) MIMO
9 33 (1.04%) TCP/IP
10 32 (1.01%) Internet
11 29 (0.92%) Network Security
11 29 (0.92%) SSL
12 24 (0.76%) AMQP
13 21 (0.66%) DHCP
14 17 (0.54%) MPLS
14 17 (0.54%) SMS
15 16 (0.50%) IPv4
15 16 (0.50%) IPv6
16 14 (0.44%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 406 (12.81%) PostgreSQL
2 281 (8.87%) MySQL
3 270 (8.52%) Big Data
4 217 (6.85%) SQL Server
5 214 (6.75%) Data Warehouse
6 190 (6.00%) NoSQL
7 186 (5.87%) Relational Database
8 178 (5.62%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 173 (5.46%) Power BI
10 171 (5.40%) Redis
11 156 (4.92%) MongoDB
12 100 (3.16%) Amazon RDS
13 97 (3.06%) Data Lake
13 97 (3.06%) Tableau
14 87 (2.75%) Amazon Athena
14 87 (2.75%) Amazon Aurora
15 85 (2.68%) Amazon Redshift
16 83 (2.62%) Hadoop
17 67 (2.11%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
17 67 (2.11%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 449 (14.17%) Git (software)
2 369 (11.64%) Jenkins
3 149 (4.70%) JIRA
4 133 (4.20%) GitLab
5 64 (2.02%) Selenium
6 53 (1.67%) Bitbucket
7 45 (1.42%) CircleCI
7 45 (1.42%) Cypress.io
8 43 (1.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 43 (1.36%) JMeter
9 34 (1.07%) Octopus Deploy
10 32 (1.01%) Postman
11 28 (0.88%) TeamCity
12 23 (0.73%) Cucumber
12 23 (0.73%) webpack
13 19 (0.60%) Gradle
13 19 (0.60%) Maven
14 16 (0.50%) Subversion
15 13 (0.41%) WebDriver
16 11 (0.35%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 840 (26.51%) Finance
2 580 (18.30%) Social Skills
3 307 (9.69%) Analytical Skills
4 267 (8.43%) Retail
5 236 (7.45%) Marketing
6 142 (4.48%) Banking
7 114 (3.60%) Games
8 103 (3.25%) Front Office
9 95 (3.00%) Telecoms
10 89 (2.81%) Public Sector
11 67 (2.11%) Automotive
12 61 (1.92%) Electronics
13 54 (1.70%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 49 (1.55%) Manufacturing
15 48 (1.51%) Publishing
16 46 (1.45%) Financial Institution
17 41 (1.29%) Law
18 33 (1.04%) Legal
19 31 (0.98%) Advertising
20 28 (0.88%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 1,097 (34.62%) Developer
2 490 (15.46%) Software Engineer
3 437 (13.79%) Python Developer
4 319 (10.07%) DevOps Engineer
5 268 (8.46%) Senior Developer
6 267 (8.43%) Data Engineer
7 216 (6.82%) Python Engineer
8 201 (6.34%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 164 (5.18%) React Developer
10 161 (5.08%) Cloud Engineer
11 142 (4.48%) Senior Python Developer
12 137 (4.32%) Senior Software Engineer
13 135 (4.26%) AWS Engineer
14 115 (3.63%) Java Developer
14 115 (3.63%) Python Software Engineer
15 104 (3.28%) Analyst
16 103 (3.25%) Full Stack Developer
17 101 (3.19%) Software Developer
18 90 (2.84%) Azure Engineer
19 85 (2.68%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 659 (20.80%) React
2 405 (12.78%) Django
3 349 (11.01%) Node.js
4 318 (10.03%) .NET
5 305 (9.62%) AngularJS
6 287 (9.06%) Web Services
7 274 (8.65%) Vue.js
8 252 (7.95%) HTML
9 247 (7.79%) CSS
10 243 (7.67%) REST
11 178 (5.62%) RESTful
12 160 (5.05%) Flask
13 150 (4.73%) Kafka
14 127 (4.01%) React Native
15 121 (3.82%) GraphQL
16 111 (3.50%) JSON
17 94 (2.97%) Redux
18 93 (2.93%) Material-UI
19 86 (2.71%) NumPy
20 76 (2.40%) Celery
Miscellaneous
1 241 (7.60%) Algorithms
2 162 (5.11%) User Experience
3 138 (4.35%) Greenfield Project
4 118 (3.72%) Hedge funds
5 100 (3.16%) Self-Motivation
5 100 (3.16%) Social Media
6 99 (3.12%) Derivative
7 97 (3.06%) Fixed Income
8 96 (3.03%) Virtual Team
9 93 (2.93%) Mobile App
10 84 (2.65%) Public Cloud
11 78 (2.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 76 (2.40%) Data Structures
13 75 (2.37%) Cloud Native
14 73 (2.30%) Equities
15 57 (1.80%) Data Centre
16 54 (1.70%) Blog
17 41 (1.29%) Video\Live Streaming
18 38 (1.20%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
18 38 (1.20%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 539 (17.01%) Linux
2 190 (6.00%) Windows
3 161 (5.08%) Unix
4 60 (1.89%) Windows Server
5 57 (1.80%) CentOS
6 42 (1.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 39 (1.23%) Android
8 36 (1.14%) Apple iOS
9 28 (0.88%) Embedded Linux
10 17 (0.54%) Ubuntu
11 14 (0.44%) Solaris
12 13 (0.41%) Fedora
13 11 (0.35%) AIX
13 11 (0.35%) Windows 10
14 8 (0.25%) Debian
14 8 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
15 7 (0.22%) SUSE
15 7 (0.22%) Windows 7
16 5 (0.16%) Mac OS
16 5 (0.16%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,077 (33.99%) Agile Software Development
2 957 (30.20%) Software Engineering
3 856 (27.01%) DevOps
4 475 (14.99%) Microservices
5 461 (14.55%) Analytics
6 456 (14.39%) Data Science
7 437 (13.79%) Machine Learning
8 436 (13.76%) Full Stack Development
9 393 (12.40%) Problem-Solving
10 364 (11.49%) Artificial Intelligence
11 342 (10.79%) Computer Science
12 321 (10.13%) Test Automation
13 300 (9.47%) Business Intelligence
13 300 (9.47%) Infrastructure as Code
14 281 (8.87%) Mentoring
15 250 (7.89%) Open Source
16 244 (7.70%) TDD
17 240 (7.57%) Scrum
18 227 (7.16%) Data Pipeline
19 219 (6.91%) Data Engineering
Programming Languages
1 978 (30.86%) JavaScript
2 944 (29.79%) Java
3 910 (28.72%) SQL
4 464 (14.64%) C#
5 397 (12.53%) Go
6 327 (10.32%) Bash Shell
7 299 (9.44%) C++
8 288 (9.09%) TypeScript
9 252 (7.95%) Scala
10 217 (6.85%) PowerShell
11 214 (6.75%) Ruby
12 191 (6.03%) R
13 186 (5.87%) PHP
14 181 (5.71%) C
15 110 (3.47%) Kotlin
16 93 (2.93%) Perl
17 85 (2.68%) Shell Script
18 82 (2.59%) Clojure
19 77 (2.43%) Groovy
20 75 (2.37%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 387 (12.21%) Degree
2 148 (4.67%) Computer Science Degree
3 99 (3.12%) PhD
4 81 (2.56%) Security Cleared
5 65 (2.05%) SC Cleared
6 52 (1.64%) AWS Certification
7 34 (1.07%) Numerate Degree
8 29 (0.92%) Master's Degree
9 21 (0.66%) Cisco Certification
10 17 (0.54%) CISSP
10 17 (0.54%) OSCP
11 11 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
11 11 (0.35%) CCNP
12 10 (0.32%) CEH
13 9 (0.28%) ISTQB
14 8 (0.25%) Analytics IQ
14 8 (0.25%) MCSE
14 8 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
15 7 (0.22%) CREST Certified
15 7 (0.22%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 177 (5.59%) QA
2 62 (1.96%) Data Quality
3 53 (1.67%) GDPR
4 29 (0.92%) Accessibility
5 21 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (0.32%) NIST
7 9 (0.28%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.28%) SLA
8 4 (0.13%) IASME
8 4 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 4 (0.13%) NCSC
9 3 (0.095%) CDISC
9 3 (0.095%) EMIR
9 3 (0.095%) Good Clinical Practice
9 3 (0.095%) MiFID
10 2 (0.063%) COBIT
10 2 (0.063%) DICOM
10 2 (0.063%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.063%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.063%) WCAG
System Software
1 922 (29.09%) Docker
2 47 (1.48%) Firmware
3 33 (1.04%) Active Directory
4 31 (0.98%) VMware Infrastructure
5 27 (0.85%) Virtual Machines
6 17 (0.54%) vSphere
7 13 (0.41%) iptables
8 7 (0.22%) Hyper-V
8 7 (0.22%) KVM
8 7 (0.22%) Varnish
9 6 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.16%) Gluster
10 5 (0.16%) VMware NSX
11 4 (0.13%) Apache Flume
11 4 (0.13%) Snort
12 3 (0.095%) VirtualBox
12 3 (0.095%) XenDesktop
13 2 (0.063%) Microsoft App-V
13 2 (0.063%) Xen
13 2 (0.063%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 738 (23.29%) Kubernetes
2 588 (18.55%) Terraform
3 442 (13.95%) Ansible
4 233 (7.35%) Puppet
5 176 (5.55%) Opscode Chef
6 67 (2.11%) Grafana
7 62 (1.96%) Prometheus
8 51 (1.61%) Docker Swarm
9 19 (0.60%) Kibana
9 19 (0.60%) Packer
9 19 (0.60%) Salt
10 18 (0.57%) Failover Clustering
11 16 (0.50%) HAProxy
12 15 (0.47%) Icinga
13 14 (0.44%) SCCM
14 13 (0.41%) Hadoop YARN
14 13 (0.41%) Nagios
14 13 (0.41%) ZABBIX
15 11 (0.35%) logstash
15 11 (0.35%) Oozie
Vendors
1 300 (9.47%) Google
2 248 (7.83%) Microsoft
3 116 (3.66%) Oracle
4 81 (2.56%) Databricks
5 58 (1.83%) Red Hat
6 54 (1.70%) VMware
7 42 (1.33%) IBM
8 35 (1.10%) Splunk
9 34 (1.07%) SAP
10 32 (1.01%) Cisco
11 30 (0.95%) Atlassian
12 26 (0.82%) Yahoo!
13 21 (0.66%) ServiceNow
14 20 (0.63%) Apple
14 20 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
15 19 (0.60%) Sun
16 17 (0.54%) Adobe
16 17 (0.54%) SaltStack
17 16 (0.50%) Cloudera
18 14 (0.44%) Hortonworks