Period
to 15 June 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 18 20
Rank change year-on-year +6 +2 +18
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 2,780 654 839
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 14.14% 11.45% 10.57%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 15.20% 12.29% 11.39%
Number of salaries quoted 2,142 545 771
10th Percentile £40,000 £37,889 £37,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £46,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £57,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.04% -4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £85,000 £75,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £87,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 18,295 5,323 7,369
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 93.02% 93.21% 92.80%
Number of salaries quoted 14,900 4,538 6,338
10th Percentile £35,000 £36,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £43,813 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £57,500 £57,500
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Software Engineering
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Software Engineering trend for jobs with a WFH option

Software Engineering
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Software Engineering.

Software Engineering salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Software Engineering salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, Software Engineering job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,431 (51.47%) Agile Software Development
2 1,123 (40.40%) AWS
3 1,112 (40.00%) JavaScript
4 800 (28.78%) Docker
5 759 (27.30%) C#
6 743 (26.73%) React
7 728 (26.19%) .NET
8 723 (26.01%) Python
9 716 (25.76%) Java
10 715 (25.72%) Azure
11 674 (24.24%) SQL
12 651 (23.42%) Kubernetes
13 629 (22.63%) Finance
14 560 (20.14%) DevOps
15 501 (18.02%) GCP
16 496 (17.84%) Microservices
17 476 (17.12%) AngularJS
18 439 (15.79%) Node.js
19 432 (15.54%) TypeScript
20 378 (13.60%) Web Services
21 359 (12.91%) Social Skills
22 358 (12.88%) Git (software)
23 349 (12.55%) TDD
24 345 (12.41%) Serverless
25 340 (12.23%) HTML
26 331 (11.91%) CSS
27 325 (11.69%) Linux
28 297 (10.68%) Vue.js
29 287 (10.32%) Fintech
30 282 (10.14%) Problem-Solving

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 120 (4.32%) Apache Spark
2 106 (3.81%) Elasticsearch
3 67 (2.41%) Apache
4 64 (2.30%) Confluence
5 41 (1.47%) CMS
6 21 (0.76%) Apache Airflow
7 14 (0.50%) Apache Pulsar
8 11 (0.40%) Apache Solr
8 11 (0.40%) SharePoint
8 11 (0.40%) Tomcat
9 10 (0.36%) Sitecore CMS
10 9 (0.32%) BizTalk Server
10 9 (0.32%) Headless CMS
11 7 (0.25%) Alfresco
11 7 (0.25%) Drupal
11 7 (0.25%) WordPress
12 6 (0.22%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 6 (0.22%) OpenStack
13 5 (0.18%) NServiceBus
13 5 (0.18%) Umbraco
Applications
1 8 (0.29%) Simulink
2 7 (0.25%) Sketch
2 7 (0.25%) Zeplin
3 5 (0.18%) AutoCAD
4 3 (0.11%) InVision
4 3 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.072%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.072%) Figma
5 2 (0.072%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.072%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.036%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.036%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 18 (0.65%) Shopify
2 9 (0.32%) Magento
2 9 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
3 7 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.22%) Distributed Ledger
5 5 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
6 4 (0.14%) NetSuite
6 4 (0.14%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.036%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.036%) Elite 3E
7 1 (0.036%) R3 Corda
7 1 (0.036%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,123 (40.40%) AWS
2 715 (25.72%) Azure
3 501 (18.02%) GCP
4 345 (12.41%) Serverless
5 210 (7.55%) SaaS
6 154 (5.54%) AWS Lambda
7 110 (3.96%) Amazon S3
8 108 (3.88%) GitHub
9 60 (2.16%) Amazon SQS
10 55 (1.98%) Amazon EC2
11 46 (1.65%) AWS CloudFormation
12 42 (1.51%) AWS Step Functions
12 42 (1.51%) Cloud Computing
13 41 (1.47%) npm
13 41 (1.47%) PaaS
14 23 (0.83%) Amazon ECS
14 23 (0.83%) Azure Logic Apps
14 23 (0.83%) Azure Service Bus
15 21 (0.76%) Amazon Cognito
16 19 (0.68%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 57 (2.05%) Internet
2 39 (1.40%) Wireless
3 38 (1.37%) Wi-Fi
4 36 (1.29%) Bluetooth
5 33 (1.19%) HTTP
6 27 (0.97%) TCP/IP
7 23 (0.83%) Ethernet
8 22 (0.79%) ZigBee
9 9 (0.32%) Firewall
10 8 (0.29%) Broadband
10 8 (0.29%) MQTT
11 7 (0.25%) DNS
12 6 (0.22%) RS-232
12 6 (0.22%) RS-485
13 4 (0.14%) FlexRay
13 4 (0.14%) OpenVPN
13 4 (0.14%) Software-Defined Radio
13 4 (0.14%) SSL
14 3 (0.11%) DAB
14 3 (0.11%) DLNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 252 (9.06%) NoSQL
2 216 (7.77%) PostgreSQL
3 204 (7.34%) SQL Server
4 166 (5.97%) Big Data
5 144 (5.18%) MongoDB
6 126 (4.53%) MySQL
7 113 (4.06%) Relational Database
8 110 (3.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 88 (3.17%) Redis
10 86 (3.09%) Hadoop
11 73 (2.63%) Amazon RDS
12 59 (2.12%) GIS
13 52 (1.87%) Apache Hive
14 44 (1.58%) RDBMS
15 31 (1.12%) Data Warehouse
15 31 (1.12%) Neo4j
16 29 (1.04%) BigQuery
17 26 (0.94%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 25 (0.90%) Amazon Redshift
18 25 (0.90%) Apache Ignite
Development Applications
1 358 (12.88%) Git (software)
2 197 (7.09%) Jenkins
3 133 (4.78%) JIRA
4 110 (3.96%) Maven
5 107 (3.85%) JUnit
6 81 (2.91%) GitLab
7 78 (2.81%) Cypress.io
8 62 (2.23%) Visual Studio
9 45 (1.62%) webpack
10 44 (1.58%) Visual Studio Team System
11 33 (1.19%) Mocha
12 30 (1.08%) Selenium
13 29 (1.04%) Gradle
14 27 (0.97%) Babel
15 26 (0.94%) Bitbucket
16 25 (0.90%) Cucumber
17 24 (0.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 23 (0.83%) git-flow
18 23 (0.83%) Postman
19 22 (0.79%) gulp
General
1 629 (22.63%) Finance
2 359 (12.91%) Social Skills
3 159 (5.72%) Retail
4 142 (5.11%) Marketing
5 127 (4.57%) Front Office
6 107 (3.85%) Analytical Skills
7 95 (3.42%) Games
8 83 (2.99%) Electronics
9 82 (2.95%) Banking
10 66 (2.37%) Law
11 46 (1.65%) Telecoms
12 40 (1.44%) Public Sector
13 38 (1.37%) Publishing
14 35 (1.26%) Automotive
15 34 (1.22%) Manufacturing
16 29 (1.04%) Aerospace
17 24 (0.86%) Wearables
18 23 (0.83%) Legal
19 20 (0.72%) Avionics
19 20 (0.72%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,385 (49.82%) Developer
2 1,058 (38.06%) Software Engineer
3 288 (10.36%) React Developer
4 271 (9.75%) Senior Developer
5 248 (8.92%) Senior Software Engineer
6 245 (8.81%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 235 (8.45%) C# Developer
8 157 (5.65%) Java Engineer
9 151 (5.43%) Software Developer
10 144 (5.18%) Java Software Engineer
11 138 (4.96%) Full Stack Developer
12 136 (4.89%) JavaScript Developer
13 133 (4.78%) Java Developer
14 119 (4.28%) Python Developer
15 115 (4.14%) .NET Developer
16 98 (3.53%) Python Engineer
17 95 (3.42%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 89 (3.20%) Lead Developer
18 89 (3.20%) Ruby Developer
19 88 (3.17%) JavaScript Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 743 (26.73%) React
2 728 (26.19%) .NET
3 476 (17.12%) AngularJS
4 439 (15.79%) Node.js
5 378 (13.60%) Web Services
6 340 (12.23%) HTML
7 331 (11.91%) CSS
8 297 (10.68%) Vue.js
9 280 (10.07%) REST
10 279 (10.04%) .NET Core
11 255 (9.17%) React Native
12 242 (8.71%) RESTful
13 223 (8.02%) Spring
14 181 (6.51%) Kafka
15 180 (6.47%) Material-UI
16 166 (5.97%) GraphQL
17 156 (5.61%) Spring Boot
18 143 (5.14%) HTML5
19 132 (4.75%) ASP.NET
20 126 (4.53%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 164 (5.90%) Greenfield Project
2 160 (5.76%) User Experience
3 108 (3.88%) Virtual Team
4 104 (3.74%) Algorithms
5 83 (2.99%) Self-Motivation
6 70 (2.52%) Mobile App
7 64 (2.30%) Data Structures
8 61 (2.19%) Cloud Native
8 61 (2.19%) Hedge funds
9 57 (2.05%) Hybrid Cloud
9 57 (2.05%) Social Media
10 54 (1.94%) Management Information System
11 46 (1.65%) iPad
12 35 (1.26%) Derivative
13 33 (1.19%) Fixed Income
14 32 (1.15%) Embedded Systems
14 32 (1.15%) Internet of Things
15 29 (1.04%) Equities
15 29 (1.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 28 (1.01%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 325 (11.69%) Linux
2 112 (4.03%) Android
3 89 (3.20%) Windows
4 85 (3.06%) Apple iOS
5 63 (2.27%) Embedded Linux
6 62 (2.23%) Unix
7 9 (0.32%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.18%) SUSE
9 4 (0.14%) FreeRTOS
9 4 (0.14%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.14%) VMS
10 3 (0.11%) Windows 10
11 2 (0.072%) CentOS
11 2 (0.072%) Fedora
11 2 (0.072%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.036%) Android TV
12 1 (0.036%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.036%) QNX Neutrino
12 1 (0.036%) Solaris
12 1 (0.036%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,431 (51.47%) Agile Software Development
2 560 (20.14%) DevOps
3 496 (17.84%) Microservices
4 349 (12.55%) TDD
5 287 (10.32%) Fintech
6 282 (10.14%) Problem-Solving
7 277 (9.96%) Artificial Intelligence
8 266 (9.57%) Front End Development
8 266 (9.57%) Scrum
9 261 (9.39%) Machine Learning
10 250 (8.99%) Computer Science
11 243 (8.74%) Test Automation
12 230 (8.27%) Mentoring
13 229 (8.24%) Asset Management
14 226 (8.13%) OO
15 221 (7.95%) OOP
16 202 (7.27%) Continuous Integration
17 179 (6.44%) SDLC
18 169 (6.08%) API Development
19 158 (5.68%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1,112 (40.00%) JavaScript
2 759 (27.30%) C#
3 723 (26.01%) Python
4 716 (25.76%) Java
5 674 (24.24%) SQL
6 432 (15.54%) TypeScript
7 248 (8.92%) C++
8 181 (6.51%) Ruby
9 161 (5.79%) C
10 138 (4.96%) Go
11 137 (4.93%) Kotlin
12 121 (4.35%) PHP
13 112 (4.03%) Scala
14 81 (2.91%) T-SQL
15 53 (1.91%) ES6
15 53 (1.91%) Java 8
16 49 (1.76%) Embedded C++
17 47 (1.69%) Apple Swift
18 39 (1.40%) PowerShell
19 37 (1.33%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 270 (9.71%) Degree
2 126 (4.53%) Computer Science Degree
3 54 (1.94%) Security Cleared
4 36 (1.29%) SC Cleared
5 35 (1.26%) PhD
6 10 (0.36%) DBS Check
7 9 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
8 6 (0.22%) PMI Certification
9 5 (0.18%) HNC
9 5 (0.18%) HND
9 5 (0.18%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.18%) MCP
10 4 (0.14%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.11%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
12 2 (0.072%) CFA
12 2 (0.072%) CISSP
12 2 (0.072%) MBA
12 2 (0.072%) PMP
13 1 (0.036%) CITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 131 (4.71%) QA
2 31 (1.12%) Accessibility
3 10 (0.36%) GDPR
4 9 (0.32%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.25%) MISRA
5 7 (0.25%) WAI
6 6 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 6 (0.22%) WCAG
7 5 (0.18%) IEC 62304
7 5 (0.18%) ISO 13485
7 5 (0.18%) ISO 26262
8 4 (0.14%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.14%) SLA
9 3 (0.11%) PMO
10 2 (0.072%) Cyber Essentials
10 2 (0.072%) HL7
10 2 (0.072%) IEC 61131
10 2 (0.072%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.036%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.036%) JTAG
System Software
1 800 (28.78%) Docker
2 45 (1.62%) Firmware
3 9 (0.32%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.32%) VMware Infrastructure
3 9 (0.32%) vSphere
4 5 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 5 (0.18%) VirtualBox
5 4 (0.14%) Apache Flume
6 3 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.072%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 651 (23.42%) Kubernetes
2 209 (7.52%) Terraform
3 76 (2.73%) Ansible
4 14 (0.50%) Puppet
5 10 (0.36%) Grafana
5 10 (0.36%) Hadoop YARN
6 8 (0.29%) Prometheus
7 7 (0.25%) HP Fortify
7 7 (0.25%) Istio
7 7 (0.25%) Nagios
7 7 (0.25%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (0.25%) Packer
8 6 (0.22%) Rancher
9 5 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
9 5 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
10 4 (0.14%) Argo
11 3 (0.11%) Salt
11 3 (0.11%) TeamSite
12 2 (0.072%) Oozie
13 1 (0.036%) Kibana
Vendors
1 209 (7.52%) Microsoft
2 136 (4.89%) Google
3 123 (4.42%) Oracle
4 28 (1.01%) Xamarin
5 27 (0.97%) Atlassian
6 24 (0.86%) Yahoo!
7 21 (0.76%) Salesforce.com
8 20 (0.72%) Adobe
9 17 (0.61%) VMware
10 15 (0.54%) IBM
11 14 (0.50%) SAP
12 12 (0.43%) Dell
12 12 (0.43%) Qubit
13 10 (0.36%) MuleSoft
13 10 (0.36%) Sitecore
14 9 (0.32%) Databricks
14 9 (0.32%) Elastic Path
14 9 (0.32%) Guidewire
14 9 (0.32%) HP
15 7 (0.25%) Spotify