Period
to 5 March 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 5 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
5 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 14 18 20
Rank change year-on-year +4 +2 +19
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 1,883 809 804
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 13.43% 10.81% 10.33%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 14.50% 11.60% 11.17%
Number of salaries quoted 3,263 1,373 1,476
Median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £60,000
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £40,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 12,987 6,972 7,201
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 92.63% 93.12% 92.52%
Number of salaries quoted 11,182 6,002 6,225
Median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.35% - +6.48%
10th Percentile £33,750 £35,000 £34,750
90th Percentile £86,250 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £53,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +2.80% +1.90% +5.00%

Software Engineering
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Software Engineering trend for jobs with a WFH option

Software Engineering
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Software Engineering.

Software Engineering salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 5 March 2021.

Software Engineering salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 5 March 2021, Software Engineering job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 959 (50.93%) Agile Software Development
2 824 (43.76%) JavaScript
3 641 (34.04%) AWS
4 598 (31.76%) C#
5 574 (30.48%) Python
6 563 (29.90%) React
7 559 (29.69%) .NET
8 544 (28.89%) Azure
9 515 (27.35%) Java
10 483 (25.65%) SQL
11 477 (25.33%) Docker
12 449 (23.84%) Finance
13 410 (21.77%) AngularJS
14 405 (21.51%) DevOps
15 349 (18.53%) Microservices
16 344 (18.27%) Kubernetes
17 321 (17.05%) GCP
18 299 (15.88%) Node.js
19 279 (14.82%) Web Services
20 247 (13.12%) Git (software)
21 245 (13.01%) .NET Core
22 240 (12.75%) TDD
23 237 (12.59%) CSS
23 237 (12.59%) HTML
24 235 (12.48%) Serverless
25 230 (12.21%) TypeScript
26 228 (12.11%) Linux
27 223 (11.84%) Computer Science
28 212 (11.26%) Problem-Solving
29 209 (11.10%) Degree

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (4.99%) Apache Spark
2 74 (3.93%) Elasticsearch
3 35 (1.86%) Confluence
4 20 (1.06%) Apache
4 20 (1.06%) CMS
5 13 (0.69%) nginx
5 13 (0.69%) Tornado
6 10 (0.53%) Tomcat
7 8 (0.42%) NServiceBus
8 5 (0.27%) WebSphere
9 4 (0.21%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 4 (0.21%) Alfresco
9 4 (0.21%) Apache Airflow
9 4 (0.21%) Apache Solr
9 4 (0.21%) BizTalk Server
9 4 (0.21%) Headless CMS
10 3 (0.16%) Ethereum
10 3 (0.16%) Hyperledger
10 3 (0.16%) Liferay
10 3 (0.16%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 8 (0.42%) InVision
1 8 (0.42%) Simulink
1 8 (0.42%) Sketch
2 7 (0.37%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 5 (0.27%) AutoCAD
4 3 (0.16%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.053%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.053%) Adobe XD
5 1 (0.053%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.053%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.053%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 9 (0.48%) Distributed Ledger
1 9 (0.48%) Magento
2 7 (0.37%) Shopify
3 6 (0.32%) R3 Corda
4 3 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.053%) Elite 3E
5 1 (0.053%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 641 (34.04%) AWS
2 544 (28.89%) Azure
3 321 (17.05%) GCP
4 235 (12.48%) Serverless
5 110 (5.84%) SaaS
6 80 (4.25%) AWS Lambda
7 43 (2.28%) Amazon S3
8 42 (2.23%) GitHub
9 34 (1.81%) Amazon EC2
10 32 (1.70%) Cloud Computing
11 29 (1.54%) PaaS
12 24 (1.27%) AWS CloudFormation
13 23 (1.22%) npm
14 21 (1.12%) Logic Apps
15 17 (0.90%) IBM Cloud
16 14 (0.74%) Amazon ECS
16 14 (0.74%) IaaS
17 10 (0.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 10 (0.53%) Amazon Cognito
17 10 (0.53%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 46 (2.44%) Internet
2 22 (1.17%) TCP/IP
3 19 (1.01%) HTTP
3 19 (1.01%) Wireless
4 17 (0.90%) Bluetooth
5 15 (0.80%) Wi-Fi
6 14 (0.74%) Ethernet
7 13 (0.69%) DNS
8 11 (0.58%) ZigBee
9 8 (0.42%) HTTPS
10 7 (0.37%) RS-232
10 7 (0.37%) RS-485
11 5 (0.27%) SSL
12 4 (0.21%) Firewall
12 4 (0.21%) FlexRay
12 4 (0.21%) OpenVPN
13 2 (0.11%) DLNA
13 2 (0.11%) Modbus
13 2 (0.11%) Software-Defined Radio
13 2 (0.11%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 178 (9.45%) SQL Server
2 175 (9.29%) NoSQL
3 121 (6.43%) PostgreSQL
4 107 (5.68%) MongoDB
5 89 (4.73%) MySQL
6 84 (4.46%) Big Data
7 74 (3.93%) Relational Database
8 68 (3.61%) Redis
9 64 (3.40%) Hadoop
10 41 (2.18%) Apache Hive
11 35 (1.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 31 (1.65%) RDBMS
13 22 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
14 16 (0.85%) BigQuery
14 16 (0.85%) Data Warehouse
14 16 (0.85%) Neo4j
15 14 (0.74%) Amazon RDS
15 14 (0.74%) Blockchain
16 12 (0.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 11 (0.58%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 247 (13.12%) Git (software)
2 119 (6.32%) Jenkins
3 76 (4.04%) JIRA
3 76 (4.04%) Maven
4 54 (2.87%) JUnit
5 53 (2.81%) Visual Studio
6 39 (2.07%) GitLab
7 34 (1.81%) Visual Studio Team System
8 31 (1.65%) Subversion
9 24 (1.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 24 (1.27%) Cypress.io
10 23 (1.22%) Bitbucket
11 21 (1.12%) Gradle
12 20 (1.06%) webpack
13 19 (1.01%) git-flow
14 18 (0.96%) Selenium
15 16 (0.85%) Mercurial
16 15 (0.80%) Cucumber
16 15 (0.80%) Team Foundation Server
17 14 (0.74%) Eclipse
General
1 449 (23.84%) Finance
2 101 (5.36%) Retail
3 95 (5.05%) Front Office
4 66 (3.51%) Electronics
5 62 (3.29%) Marketing
6 58 (3.08%) Banking
6 58 (3.08%) Games
7 55 (2.92%) Public Sector
8 35 (1.86%) Telecoms
9 29 (1.54%) Manufacturing
10 26 (1.38%) Law
11 21 (1.12%) Aerospace
12 20 (1.06%) Legal
13 19 (1.01%) Automotive
14 16 (0.85%) Advertising
15 11 (0.58%) Financial Institution
16 9 (0.48%) Billing
17 8 (0.42%) Avionics
17 8 (0.42%) German Language
17 8 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,017 (54.01%) Developer
2 760 (40.36%) Software Engineer
3 256 (13.60%) React Developer
4 239 (12.69%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 181 (9.61%) Senior Developer
6 167 (8.87%) JavaScript Developer
7 157 (8.34%) C# Developer
7 157 (8.34%) Software Developer
8 148 (7.86%) Senior Software Engineer
9 119 (6.32%) Full Stack Developer
9 119 (6.32%) Python Developer
10 110 (5.84%) Java Engineer
11 108 (5.74%) Java Developer
12 101 (5.36%) .NET Developer
13 99 (5.26%) Java Software Engineer
14 91 (4.83%) JavaScript Engineer
15 88 (4.67%) Python Engineer
16 68 (3.61%) Python Software Engineer
17 64 (3.40%) .NET Software Engineer
17 64 (3.40%) C# Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 563 (29.90%) React
2 559 (29.69%) .NET
3 410 (21.77%) AngularJS
4 299 (15.88%) Node.js
5 279 (14.82%) Web Services
6 245 (13.01%) .NET Core
7 237 (12.59%) CSS
7 237 (12.59%) HTML
8 202 (10.73%) React Native
9 198 (10.52%) Vue.js
10 184 (9.77%) REST
11 160 (8.50%) Kafka
12 146 (7.75%) Spring
13 136 (7.22%) RESTful
14 133 (7.06%) ASP.NET
15 117 (6.21%) Spring Boot
16 97 (5.15%) HTML5
17 92 (4.89%) Ruby on Rails
18 84 (4.46%) .NET Framework
19 75 (3.98%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 146 (7.75%) Greenfield Project
2 90 (4.78%) Blog
3 79 (4.20%) Analytical Skills
4 77 (4.09%) Algorithms
5 76 (4.04%) User Experience
6 59 (3.13%) Social Media
7 54 (2.87%) Virtual Team
8 53 (2.81%) Data Structures
9 51 (2.71%) Mobile App
10 49 (2.60%) Cloud Native
11 42 (2.23%) Self-Motivation
12 35 (1.86%) Hedge funds
13 30 (1.59%) Derivative
14 28 (1.49%) Internet of Things
15 27 (1.43%) Fixed Income
15 27 (1.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 25 (1.33%) Equities
17 24 (1.27%) iPad
18 22 (1.17%) Embedded Systems
19 21 (1.12%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 228 (12.11%) Linux
2 71 (3.77%) Windows
3 65 (3.45%) Android
4 47 (2.50%) Apple iOS
5 34 (1.81%) Unix
6 19 (1.01%) Embedded Linux
7 4 (0.21%) FreeRTOS
7 4 (0.21%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.16%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.053%) AIX
9 1 (0.053%) Android TV
9 1 (0.053%) Debian
9 1 (0.053%) QNX Neutrino
9 1 (0.053%) Solaris
9 1 (0.053%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 959 (50.93%) Agile Software Development
2 405 (21.51%) DevOps
3 349 (18.53%) Microservices
4 240 (12.75%) TDD
5 223 (11.84%) Computer Science
6 212 (11.26%) Problem-Solving
7 204 (10.83%) Fintech
8 171 (9.08%) Scrum
9 159 (8.44%) Asset Management
10 157 (8.34%) Front End Development
11 155 (8.23%) OO
12 149 (7.91%) Web Application Development
13 144 (7.65%) Continuous Integration
14 143 (7.59%) Test Automation
15 139 (7.38%) Mentoring
16 136 (7.22%) Open Source
17 133 (7.06%) Machine Learning
17 133 (7.06%) MVC
18 132 (7.01%) Artificial Intelligence
18 132 (7.01%) Progressive Web App
Programming Languages
1 824 (43.76%) JavaScript
2 598 (31.76%) C#
3 574 (30.48%) Python
4 515 (27.35%) Java
5 483 (25.65%) SQL
6 230 (12.21%) TypeScript
7 175 (9.29%) C++
8 127 (6.74%) Ruby
9 104 (5.52%) Go
10 89 (4.73%) C
11 87 (4.62%) PHP
12 81 (4.30%) Kotlin
13 54 (2.87%) Scala
14 44 (2.34%) Java 8
15 42 (2.23%) Bash Shell
15 42 (2.23%) T-SQL
16 24 (1.27%) Embedded C++
17 22 (1.17%) Embedded C
18 19 (1.01%) VB
19 18 (0.96%) ES6
Qualifications
1 209 (11.10%) Degree
2 99 (5.26%) Computer Science Degree
3 33 (1.75%) Security Cleared
4 31 (1.65%) SC Cleared
5 13 (0.69%) PhD
6 7 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
6 7 (0.37%) PMI Certification
7 5 (0.27%) AWS Certification
7 5 (0.27%) HNC
8 4 (0.21%) HND
9 3 (0.16%) DV Cleared
9 3 (0.16%) ISEB
9 3 (0.16%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.16%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.11%) OSCE
10 2 (0.11%) OSCP
10 2 (0.11%) Sun Certification
11 1 (0.053%) CISSP
11 1 (0.053%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 90 (4.78%) QA
2 17 (0.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 16 (0.85%) GDPR
4 8 (0.42%) ISO 9001
5 7 (0.37%) MISRA
6 5 (0.27%) ISO 26262
7 4 (0.21%) NIST
8 3 (0.16%) SLA
9 2 (0.11%) COBIT
9 2 (0.11%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.11%) IEC 61131
9 2 (0.11%) MISRA C
9 2 (0.11%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.11%) PMO
10 1 (0.053%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.053%) IEC 61508
10 1 (0.053%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.053%) JTAG
10 1 (0.053%) NIST 800
System Software
1 477 (25.33%) Docker
2 19 (1.01%) Firmware
3 10 (0.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.27%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.053%) Gluster
5 1 (0.053%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.053%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 344 (18.27%) Kubernetes
2 111 (5.89%) Terraform
3 55 (2.92%) Ansible
4 19 (1.01%) Puppet
5 9 (0.48%) ZABBIX
6 8 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (0.37%) Grafana
7 7 (0.37%) Prometheus
8 6 (0.32%) Istio
9 5 (0.27%) Nagios
10 4 (0.21%) HP Fortify
10 4 (0.21%) Rancher
11 3 (0.16%) Argo
11 3 (0.16%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
11 3 (0.16%) Kibana
11 3 (0.16%) logstash
11 3 (0.16%) Packer
11 3 (0.16%) TeamSite
11 3 (0.16%) Zipkin
12 2 (0.11%) EMC NetWorker
Vendors
1 111 (5.89%) Microsoft
2 72 (3.82%) Google
3 63 (3.35%) Oracle
4 25 (1.33%) Atlassian
5 23 (1.22%) Xamarin
6 18 (0.96%) IBM
7 16 (0.85%) Adobe
8 15 (0.80%) Salesforce.com
9 13 (0.69%) SAP
10 12 (0.64%) MuleSoft
10 12 (0.64%) Twitter
11 11 (0.58%) Spotify
11 11 (0.58%) TIBCO
12 10 (0.53%) VMware
12 10 (0.53%) Yahoo!
13 9 (0.48%) Apple
14 8 (0.42%) Facebook
14 8 (0.42%) New Relic
15 7 (0.37%) HP
16 5 (0.27%) webMethods