Period
to 1 December 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 1 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
1 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 17 20
Rank change year-on-year +5 +3 +9
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 4,033 1,024 791
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 13.77% 12.16% 10.32%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 14.52% 12.96% 11.00%
Number of salaries quoted 3,134 939 674
10th Percentile £39,750 £40,000 £35,750
25th Percentile £50,000 £46,250 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% - +4.35%
75th Percentile £95,000 £75,625 £75,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £92,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +9.52%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 27,774 7,900 7,188
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 94.86% 93.82% 93.80%
Number of salaries quoted 21,754 7,083 6,310
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% -4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £78,750 £71,250 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +2.44%

Software Engineering
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Software Engineering trend for jobs with a WFH option

Software Engineering
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Software Engineering.

Software Engineering salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 1 December 2021.

Software Engineering salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 1 December 2021, Software Engineering job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,961 (48.62%) Agile Software Development
2 1,407 (34.89%) AWS
3 1,386 (34.37%) JavaScript
4 1,179 (29.23%) React
5 1,115 (27.65%) Docker
6 1,066 (26.43%) Java
7 1,061 (26.31%) Python
8 1,029 (25.51%) C#
9 957 (23.73%) Finance
10 941 (23.33%) .NET
11 939 (23.28%) Azure
12 935 (23.18%) SQL
13 805 (19.96%) Kubernetes
14 792 (19.64%) Full Stack Development
15 789 (19.56%) Microservices
16 770 (19.09%) TypeScript
17 741 (18.37%) DevOps
18 704 (17.46%) Node.js
19 590 (14.63%) Social Skills
20 574 (14.23%) AngularJS
21 532 (13.19%) Git (software)
22 514 (12.74%) GCP
23 509 (12.62%) TDD
24 497 (12.32%) HTML
25 494 (12.25%) CSS
26 476 (11.80%) Web Services
27 471 (11.68%) Degree
28 454 (11.26%) .NET Core
29 445 (11.03%) Fintech
30 440 (10.91%) Serverless

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 175 (4.34%) Elasticsearch
2 88 (2.18%) Confluence
3 79 (1.96%) Apache
4 62 (1.54%) Apache Spark
5 43 (1.07%) WordPress
6 41 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
7 31 (0.77%) CMS
8 17 (0.42%) Apache Pulsar
8 17 (0.42%) Tomcat
9 13 (0.32%) Apache Solr
10 12 (0.30%) EPiServer
10 12 (0.30%) SharePoint
11 11 (0.27%) BizTalk Server
11 11 (0.27%) JBoss
12 10 (0.25%) SAS
13 9 (0.22%) Joomla!
14 8 (0.20%) Drupal
14 8 (0.20%) nginx
14 8 (0.20%) OnBase
14 8 (0.20%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 27 (0.67%) Figma
2 16 (0.40%) InVision
3 14 (0.35%) Sketch
4 10 (0.25%) Adobe Illustrator
5 8 (0.20%) Simulink
6 6 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
7 4 (0.099%) Microsoft Excel
8 3 (0.074%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 3 (0.074%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.050%) Microsoft Office
10 1 (0.025%) 3ds Max
10 1 (0.025%) Blender
10 1 (0.025%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.025%) Houdini
10 1 (0.025%) Maya
10 1 (0.025%) MS Visio
10 1 (0.025%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 43 (1.07%) NetSuite
2 38 (0.94%) SAP Business ByDesign
3 21 (0.52%) Summit
4 18 (0.45%) Shopify
5 15 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
6 8 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
7 6 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
7 6 (0.15%) Magento
8 5 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
9 4 (0.099%) MetaTrader
10 2 (0.050%) Dynamics AX
10 2 (0.050%) R3 Corda
10 2 (0.050%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 1 (0.025%) Loan IQ
Cloud Services
1 1,407 (34.89%) AWS
2 939 (23.28%) Azure
3 514 (12.74%) GCP
4 440 (10.91%) Serverless
5 306 (7.59%) SaaS
6 286 (7.09%) AWS Lambda
7 217 (5.38%) Amazon S3
8 188 (4.66%) GitHub
9 144 (3.57%) Amazon SQS
10 122 (3.03%) Amazon EC2
11 78 (1.93%) AWS Step Functions
12 70 (1.74%) PaaS
13 62 (1.54%) Power Platform
14 59 (1.46%) AWS CloudFormation
15 51 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
16 44 (1.09%) IaaS
17 43 (1.07%) npm
18 40 (0.99%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 38 (0.94%) Linode
20 36 (0.89%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 80 (1.98%) HTTP
2 76 (1.88%) Internet
3 69 (1.71%) Broadband
4 53 (1.31%) TCP/IP
5 50 (1.24%) Wireless
6 47 (1.17%) Wi-Fi
7 45 (1.12%) Bluetooth
8 34 (0.84%) Ethernet
9 27 (0.67%) MQTT
10 21 (0.52%) DNS
11 19 (0.47%) ZigBee
12 12 (0.30%) Firewall
13 10 (0.25%) HTTPS
14 9 (0.22%) SSH
15 7 (0.17%) IPv6
15 7 (0.17%) Multicast
15 7 (0.17%) RTSP
15 7 (0.17%) UPnP
15 7 (0.17%) VPN
16 6 (0.15%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 302 (7.49%) PostgreSQL
2 295 (7.31%) NoSQL
3 280 (6.94%) SQL Server
4 270 (6.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 185 (4.59%) MongoDB
6 171 (4.24%) Relational Database
7 157 (3.89%) MySQL
8 150 (3.72%) Amazon RDS
9 89 (2.21%) Big Data
10 80 (1.98%) Amazon Aurora
11 78 (1.93%) Redis
12 58 (1.44%) Power BI
13 57 (1.41%) RDBMS
14 53 (1.31%) Blockchain
15 52 (1.29%) Amazon Athena
16 49 (1.21%) Hadoop
17 44 (1.09%) Apache Ignite
18 36 (0.89%) Amazon Redshift
19 28 (0.69%) Data Warehouse
19 28 (0.69%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 532 (13.19%) Git (software)
2 208 (5.16%) Jenkins
3 133 (3.30%) JIRA
4 88 (2.18%) Cypress.io
5 83 (2.06%) Maven
6 80 (1.98%) JUnit
7 75 (1.86%) GitLab
8 61 (1.51%) Selenium
9 59 (1.46%) webpack
10 53 (1.31%) Team Foundation Server
11 52 (1.29%) Postman
12 51 (1.26%) Visual Studio
13 44 (1.09%) Octopus Deploy
14 38 (0.94%) WebStorm
15 36 (0.89%) Babel
15 36 (0.89%) Bitbucket
16 28 (0.69%) Moq
17 27 (0.67%) NUnit
18 25 (0.62%) Grunt
18 25 (0.62%) Mocha
General
1 957 (23.73%) Finance
2 590 (14.63%) Social Skills
3 223 (5.53%) Front Office
4 217 (5.38%) Retail
5 170 (4.22%) Marketing
6 162 (4.02%) Analytical Skills
7 133 (3.30%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 124 (3.07%) Banking
9 115 (2.85%) Games
10 103 (2.55%) Electronics
11 91 (2.26%) Telecoms
12 77 (1.91%) Public Sector
13 62 (1.54%) Publishing
14 61 (1.51%) Billing
15 54 (1.34%) Manufacturing
16 45 (1.12%) Legal
17 43 (1.07%) Law
18 36 (0.89%) Automotive
19 33 (0.82%) Presentation Skills
20 27 (0.67%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,993 (49.42%) Developer
2 1,462 (36.25%) Software Engineer
3 445 (11.03%) Senior Software Engineer
4 416 (10.31%) Senior Developer
5 359 (8.90%) C# Developer
6 353 (8.75%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 297 (7.36%) Python Developer
8 271 (6.72%) React Developer
9 242 (6.00%) Software Developer
10 231 (5.73%) Java Engineer
11 217 (5.38%) Java Developer
12 191 (4.74%) Java Software Engineer
13 187 (4.64%) PHP Developer
14 174 (4.31%) Python Engineer
15 150 (3.72%) Lead Developer
16 136 (3.37%) .NET Developer
17 134 (3.32%) Senior Python Developer
18 133 (3.30%) Python Software Engineer
19 132 (3.27%) Principal Developer
20 130 (3.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,179 (29.23%) React
2 941 (23.33%) .NET
3 704 (17.46%) Node.js
4 574 (14.23%) AngularJS
5 497 (12.32%) HTML
6 494 (12.25%) CSS
7 476 (11.80%) Web Services
8 454 (11.26%) .NET Core
9 306 (7.59%) Vue.js
10 299 (7.41%) RESTful
11 284 (7.04%) Spring
12 249 (6.17%) REST
13 235 (5.83%) GraphQL
14 207 (5.13%) Kafka
15 204 (5.06%) HTML5
16 197 (4.88%) Spring Boot
17 188 (4.66%) Django
18 171 (4.24%) CSS3
19 151 (3.74%) Redux
20 150 (3.72%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 392 (9.72%) Greenfield Project
2 283 (7.02%) User Experience
3 188 (4.66%) Algorithms
4 142 (3.52%) Social Media
5 141 (3.50%) Mobile App
6 130 (3.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 126 (3.12%) Fixed Income
8 122 (3.03%) Derivative
9 116 (2.88%) Self-Motivation
10 113 (2.80%) Equities
11 110 (2.73%) Enterprise Software
12 108 (2.68%) Cloud Native
12 108 (2.68%) Hedge funds
13 94 (2.33%) Virtual Team
14 80 (1.98%) Legacy Systems
15 62 (1.54%) Data Structures
16 60 (1.49%) Hybrid Cloud
17 52 (1.29%) Embedded Systems
18 51 (1.26%) iPad
19 43 (1.07%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 438 (10.86%) Linux
2 180 (4.46%) Apple iOS
3 108 (2.68%) Android
3 108 (2.68%) Windows
4 90 (2.23%) Unix
5 33 (0.82%) Embedded Linux
6 11 (0.27%) FreeRTOS
7 10 (0.25%) Mac OS
7 10 (0.25%) VxWorks
7 10 (0.25%) Windows Server
8 8 (0.20%) Ubuntu
9 6 (0.15%) SUSE
10 5 (0.12%) VMS
11 4 (0.099%) CentOS
12 3 (0.074%) SafeRTOS
12 3 (0.074%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.074%) Windows 7
12 3 (0.074%) Windows Server 2016
13 2 (0.050%) Alpine Linux
13 2 (0.050%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,961 (48.62%) Agile Software Development
2 792 (19.64%) Full Stack Development
3 789 (19.56%) Microservices
4 741 (18.37%) DevOps
5 509 (12.62%) TDD
6 445 (11.03%) Fintech
7 438 (10.86%) Scrum
8 431 (10.69%) Mentoring
9 428 (10.61%) Computer Science
10 343 (8.50%) Test Automation
11 317 (7.86%) Problem-Solving
12 311 (7.71%) Asset Management
12 311 (7.71%) OO
13 282 (6.99%) Front End Development
14 266 (6.60%) Continuous Integration
15 261 (6.47%) OOP
16 247 (6.12%) Artificial Intelligence
17 240 (5.95%) Project Delivery
18 239 (5.93%) Analytics
19 233 (5.78%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 1,386 (34.37%) JavaScript
2 1,066 (26.43%) Java
3 1,061 (26.31%) Python
4 1,029 (25.51%) C#
5 935 (23.18%) SQL
6 770 (19.09%) TypeScript
7 430 (10.66%) Go
8 350 (8.68%) PHP
9 345 (8.55%) C++
10 300 (7.44%) Kotlin
11 199 (4.93%) Scala
12 195 (4.84%) C
13 170 (4.22%) T-SQL
14 133 (3.30%) Ruby
15 126 (3.12%) Apple Swift
16 121 (3.00%) ES6
17 117 (2.90%) Clojure
18 91 (2.26%) Objective-C
19 64 (1.59%) VB.NET
20 58 (1.44%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 471 (11.68%) Degree
2 168 (4.17%) Computer Science Degree
3 67 (1.66%) Security Cleared
4 42 (1.04%) SC Cleared
5 22 (0.55%) Microsoft Certification
6 20 (0.50%) DBS Check
6 20 (0.50%) PhD
7 16 (0.40%) Master's Degree
8 11 (0.27%) AWS Certification
8 11 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
9 8 (0.20%) OCP
9 8 (0.20%) Oracle Certification
10 4 (0.099%) CISSP
10 4 (0.099%) Postgraduate
10 4 (0.099%) SANS
11 3 (0.074%) CFA
11 3 (0.074%) CISM
12 2 (0.050%) CEH
12 2 (0.050%) ISTQB
12 2 (0.050%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 226 (5.60%) QA
2 85 (2.11%) Accessibility
3 21 (0.52%) DO-254
4 13 (0.32%) GDPR
5 12 (0.30%) ISO 13485
6 7 (0.17%) IEC 62304
6 7 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.15%) IEC 61508
7 6 (0.15%) ISO 9001
7 6 (0.15%) MISRA
8 5 (0.12%) Data Quality
8 5 (0.12%) SEPA
8 5 (0.12%) WCAG
9 4 (0.099%) ISO 26262
9 4 (0.099%) NCSC
9 4 (0.099%) NIST
10 3 (0.074%) Def Stans
10 3 (0.074%) DICOM
10 3 (0.074%) PMO
11 2 (0.050%) ARP4754
System Software
1 1,115 (27.65%) Docker
2 54 (1.34%) Firmware
3 13 (0.32%) Active Directory
4 10 (0.25%) VirtualBox
5 9 (0.22%) VMware Infrastructure
6 8 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.074%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.050%) Microsoft App-V
9 2 (0.050%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.050%) vSphere
9 2 (0.050%) Xen
10 1 (0.025%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 805 (19.96%) Kubernetes
2 395 (9.79%) Terraform
3 87 (2.16%) Grafana
4 84 (2.08%) Ansible
5 32 (0.79%) Kibana
6 29 (0.72%) Opscode Chef
7 24 (0.60%) Puppet
8 21 (0.52%) Prometheus
9 16 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
10 8 (0.20%) Hadoop YARN
10 8 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
11 6 (0.15%) Rancher
12 5 (0.12%) Istio
12 5 (0.12%) Pingdom
13 4 (0.099%) Oozie
14 3 (0.074%) Control-M
14 3 (0.074%) SafeCom
15 2 (0.050%) HP Fortify
15 2 (0.050%) Mesos
15 2 (0.050%) Packer
Vendors
1 316 (7.84%) Microsoft
2 248 (6.15%) Google
3 146 (3.62%) Oracle
4 74 (1.83%) SAP
5 61 (1.51%) Xamarin
6 38 (0.94%) Adobe
7 33 (0.82%) IBM
8 27 (0.67%) New Relic
9 25 (0.62%) Apple
10 23 (0.57%) HubSpot
11 22 (0.55%) Databricks
12 21 (0.52%) Bloomberg
13 20 (0.50%) Salesforce.com
14 19 (0.47%) Elastic Path
15 18 (0.45%) Netlify
16 17 (0.42%) Splunk
17 15 (0.37%) BISAM
18 14 (0.35%) Atlassian
19 13 (0.32%) Guidewire
20 12 (0.30%) ServiceNow