Period
to 21 October 2020

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 21 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
21 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 25 19 22
Rank change year-on-year -6 +3 +6
Permanent jobs citing Linux 583 721 742
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 9.06% 9.40% 9.61%
As % of the Operating Systems category 43.51% 50.85% 52.92%
Number of salaries quoted 1,042 1,269 1,309
Median annual salary £55,000 £61,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -9.84% +10.91% +10.00%
10th Percentile £37,500 £38,750 £36,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £54,324 £52,500
% change year-on-year +1.24% +3.47% +5.00%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 1,340 1,418 1,402
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 20.82% 18.49% 18.15%
Number of salaries quoted 1,205 1,229 1,228
Median annual salary £51,000 £60,000 £54,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -15.00% +11.11% +13.68%
10th Percentile £32,655 £35,600 £32,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%

Linux
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Linux trend for jobs with a WFH option

Linux
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Linux.

Linux salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Linux
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Linux over the 6 months to 21 October 2020.

Linux salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 21 October 2020, Linux job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Linux.

1 247 (42.37%) DevOps
2 238 (40.82%) Python
3 232 (39.79%) AWS
4 223 (38.25%) Docker
5 191 (32.76%) Kubernetes
6 181 (31.05%) Agile Software Development
7 157 (26.93%) Git (software)
8 146 (25.04%) Terraform
9 133 (22.81%) Windows
10 131 (22.47%) Azure
11 119 (20.41%) Puppet
12 116 (19.90%) JavaScript
13 111 (19.04%) Java
14 103 (17.67%) Ansible
15 102 (17.50%) Bash Shell
16 94 (16.12%) MySQL
17 87 (14.92%) SQL
18 80 (13.72%) Continuous Integration
19 79 (13.55%) Scrum
20 77 (13.21%) Migration
21 76 (13.04%) Software Engineering
22 75 (12.86%) Opscode Chef
23 74 (12.69%) Jenkins
24 73 (12.52%) Unix
25 69 (11.84%) Problem-Solving
26 68 (11.66%) PHP
27 67 (11.49%) AWS CloudFormation
28 65 (11.15%) Deployment Automation
29 64 (10.98%) PostgreSQL
29 64 (10.98%) Finance

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (4.46%) Apache
2 20 (3.43%) Elasticsearch
3 18 (3.09%) Confluence
4 12 (2.06%) SharePoint
5 11 (1.89%) OpenStack
5 11 (1.89%) Tomcat
6 10 (1.72%) WordPress
7 9 (1.54%) IIS
8 8 (1.37%) nginx
9 7 (1.20%) Apache Spark
10 6 (1.03%) Skype for Business
11 5 (0.86%) ColdFusion
12 4 (0.69%) WebLogic
13 3 (0.51%) MS Exchange
14 2 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
14 2 (0.34%) Drupal
14 2 (0.34%) JBoss
14 2 (0.34%) Mule
14 2 (0.34%) Mule ESB
14 2 (0.34%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 10 (1.72%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.69%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (0.69%) Fireworks
3 4 (0.69%) Inkscape
3 4 (0.69%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.17%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (0.51%) Magento
2 2 (0.34%) Shopify
2 2 (0.34%) Workfront
3 1 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.17%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.17%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 232 (39.79%) AWS
2 131 (22.47%) Azure
3 67 (11.49%) AWS CloudFormation
4 45 (7.72%) GCP
5 35 (6.00%) Office 365
6 28 (4.80%) SaaS
7 19 (3.26%) Serverless
8 17 (2.92%) AWS Lambda
8 17 (2.92%) IaaS
9 14 (2.40%) GitHub
10 13 (2.23%) Amazon S3
11 12 (2.06%) PaaS
12 11 (1.89%) Azure Active Directory
13 10 (1.72%) Amazon EC2
14 9 (1.54%) CloudFront
14 9 (1.54%) OpenShift
15 7 (1.20%) Amazon ELB
15 7 (1.20%) Power Platform
16 6 (1.03%) Amazon EKS
16 6 (1.03%) Mimecast
Communications & Networking
1 32 (5.49%) Firewall
2 31 (5.32%) DNS
3 28 (4.80%) TCP/IP
4 23 (3.95%) Internet
5 20 (3.43%) HTTP
6 19 (3.26%) VPN
7 14 (2.40%) LAN
7 14 (2.40%) SAN
7 14 (2.40%) SSH
8 12 (2.06%) Unified Communications
8 12 (2.06%) WAN
9 11 (1.89%) DHCP
9 11 (1.89%) Network Security
10 9 (1.54%) IPv4
10 9 (1.54%) IPv6
10 9 (1.54%) SMTP
10 9 (1.54%) VoIP
11 8 (1.37%) SNMP
12 7 (1.20%) IPsec
13 5 (0.86%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 94 (16.12%) MySQL
2 64 (10.98%) PostgreSQL
3 48 (8.23%) SQL Server
4 38 (6.52%) MongoDB
5 34 (5.83%) NoSQL
6 18 (3.09%) Amazon RDS
7 17 (2.92%) Relational Database
8 15 (2.57%) Big Data
9 14 (2.40%) MariaDB
10 9 (1.54%) Blockchain
11 8 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 8 (1.37%) BusinessObjects
11 8 (1.37%) Informix
11 8 (1.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 7 (1.20%) BusinessObjects Web Intelligence
12 7 (1.20%) Hadoop
12 7 (1.20%) Power BI
12 7 (1.20%) Redis
12 7 (1.20%) SAP BW
12 7 (1.20%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 157 (26.93%) Git (software)
2 74 (12.69%) Jenkins
3 38 (6.52%) JIRA
4 25 (4.29%) GitLab
5 12 (2.06%) Team Foundation Server
6 10 (1.72%) Subversion
7 8 (1.37%) Bitbucket
7 8 (1.37%) C++Builder
7 8 (1.37%) TeamCity
8 7 (1.20%) Selenium
9 6 (1.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 5 (0.86%) GoCD
10 5 (0.86%) Visual Studio Team System
10 5 (0.86%) Xcode
11 4 (0.69%) Maven
11 4 (0.69%) Octopus Deploy
12 3 (0.51%) eggPlant
12 3 (0.51%) IntelliJ
12 3 (0.51%) Travis CI
12 3 (0.51%) webpack
General
1 64 (10.98%) Finance
2 49 (8.40%) Public Sector
3 27 (4.63%) Telecoms
4 19 (3.26%) Electronics
4 19 (3.26%) Marketing
5 18 (3.09%) Banking
6 17 (2.92%) Retail
7 16 (2.74%) Manufacturing
8 8 (1.37%) French Language
8 8 (1.37%) Games
8 8 (1.37%) German Language
8 8 (1.37%) Spanish Language
9 7 (1.20%) Front Office
10 6 (1.03%) Law
11 4 (0.69%) Advertising
11 4 (0.69%) Local Government
11 4 (0.69%) Publishing
12 3 (0.51%) Aerospace
13 2 (0.34%) Legal
13 2 (0.34%) Polish Language
Job Titles
1 174 (29.85%) DevOps Engineer
2 130 (22.30%) Developer
3 89 (15.27%) AWS Engineer
4 73 (12.52%) AWS DevOps
4 73 (12.52%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 65 (11.15%) Linux Engineer
6 33 (5.66%) Cloud Engineer
7 32 (5.49%) Consultant
8 31 (5.32%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 29 (4.97%) PHP Developer
9 29 (4.97%) Python Developer
9 29 (4.97%) Senior DevOps
9 29 (4.97%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 26 (4.46%) Java Developer
11 23 (3.95%) Junior
11 23 (3.95%) Software Engineer
12 22 (3.77%) Python Engineer
12 22 (3.77%) Systems Administrator
13 21 (3.60%) Azure Engineer
13 21 (3.60%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (7.72%) Node.js
2 42 (7.20%) HTML
3 39 (6.69%) CSS
4 36 (6.17%) React
5 33 (5.66%) Web Services
6 27 (4.63%) jQuery
7 25 (4.29%) AngularJS
8 22 (3.77%) .NET
9 21 (3.60%) RESTful
10 20 (3.43%) LAMP
11 19 (3.26%) REST
12 18 (3.09%) Spring
13 12 (2.06%) RabbitMQ
14 11 (1.89%) .NET Core
14 11 (1.89%) XML
15 10 (1.72%) Elastic Stack
15 10 (1.72%) LAPP Stack
15 10 (1.72%) Sass
15 10 (1.72%) SOAP
15 10 (1.72%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 36 (6.17%) Data Centre
2 31 (5.32%) NHS
3 25 (4.29%) Public Cloud
4 19 (3.26%) Analytical Skills
5 17 (2.92%) Linux Command Line
6 15 (2.57%) Greenfield Project
7 12 (2.06%) PKI
7 12 (2.06%) Virtual Team
8 10 (1.72%) Cloud Native
9 9 (1.54%) Algorithms
10 7 (1.20%) Clustering
10 7 (1.20%) Hybrid Cloud
11 5 (0.86%) CAN bus
11 5 (0.86%) Lidar
11 5 (0.86%) Management Information System
11 5 (0.86%) Robotics
12 4 (0.69%) Derivative
12 4 (0.69%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 4 (0.69%) Mobile App
12 4 (0.69%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 133 (22.81%) Windows
2 73 (12.52%) Unix
3 34 (5.83%) CentOS
4 31 (5.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 28 (4.80%) Windows Server
6 26 (4.46%) Ubuntu
7 14 (2.40%) VMS
8 12 (2.06%) Apple iOS
8 12 (2.06%) Debian
8 12 (2.06%) Mac OS
8 12 (2.06%) Windows 10
9 11 (1.89%) Solaris
10 10 (1.72%) Fedora
11 8 (1.37%) AIX
12 7 (1.20%) Windows 7
13 6 (1.03%) Android
13 6 (1.03%) Mac OS X
13 6 (1.03%) Windows 8
14 5 (0.86%) Robot Operating System
15 3 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 247 (42.37%) DevOps
2 181 (31.05%) Agile Software Development
3 80 (13.72%) Continuous Integration
4 79 (13.55%) Scrum
5 77 (13.21%) Migration
6 76 (13.04%) Software Engineering
7 69 (11.84%) Problem-Solving
8 65 (11.15%) Deployment Automation
9 46 (7.89%) Infrastructure as Code
10 45 (7.72%) Machine Learning
11 42 (7.20%) Artificial Intelligence
11 42 (7.20%) Cybersecurity
12 39 (6.69%) Configuration Management
12 39 (6.69%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 37 (6.35%) Microservices
14 33 (5.66%) Fintech
15 31 (5.32%) Project Delivery
16 30 (5.15%) Open Source
16 30 (5.15%) Test Automation
17 29 (4.97%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 238 (40.82%) Python
2 116 (19.90%) JavaScript
3 111 (19.04%) Java
4 102 (17.50%) Bash Shell
5 87 (14.92%) SQL
6 68 (11.66%) PHP
7 52 (8.92%) C++
8 41 (7.03%) Shell Script
9 39 (6.69%) C#
9 39 (6.69%) Go
10 38 (6.52%) PowerShell
10 38 (6.52%) Ruby
11 37 (6.35%) Perl
12 19 (3.26%) C
13 10 (1.72%) TypeScript
14 7 (1.20%) Clojure
14 7 (1.20%) Groovy
15 5 (0.86%) Apple Swift
15 5 (0.86%) Java 8
15 5 (0.86%) Scala
Qualifications
1 40 (6.86%) Degree
2 22 (3.77%) Security Cleared
3 18 (3.09%) SC Cleared
4 15 (2.57%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (1.20%) Microsoft Certification
6 6 (1.03%) OSCE
7 5 (0.86%) CCNA
7 5 (0.86%) Cisco Certification
7 5 (0.86%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.86%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.86%) RHCSA
8 4 (0.69%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.69%) CEPT
8 4 (0.69%) CISSP
8 4 (0.69%) EC-Council LPT
8 4 (0.69%) GXPN
8 4 (0.69%) Numerate Degree
8 4 (0.69%) RHCE
8 4 (0.69%) SANS
9 3 (0.51%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (3.09%) SLA
2 11 (1.89%) GDPR
2 11 (1.89%) QA
3 10 (1.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.86%) NIST
4 5 (0.86%) PMO
5 4 (0.69%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.51%) NIST 800
7 2 (0.34%) HIPAA
7 2 (0.34%) IEC 62304
7 2 (0.34%) ISO 13485
7 2 (0.34%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 1 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.17%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.17%) HL7
System Software
1 223 (38.25%) Docker
2 41 (7.03%) VMware Infrastructure
3 37 (6.35%) Active Directory
4 23 (3.95%) Hyper-V
5 18 (3.09%) Virtual Machines
6 13 (2.23%) VMware ESXi
7 9 (1.54%) Firmware
8 7 (1.20%) Virtual Desktop
8 7 (1.20%) vSphere
9 6 (1.03%) Xen
10 5 (0.86%) VMware NSX
11 4 (0.69%) NFS
11 4 (0.69%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (0.51%) Kamailio
12 3 (0.51%) Squid
12 3 (0.51%) VMware Workstation
12 3 (0.51%) XenApp
12 3 (0.51%) XenDesktop
13 2 (0.34%) KVM
13 2 (0.34%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 191 (32.76%) Kubernetes
2 146 (25.04%) Terraform
3 119 (20.41%) Puppet
4 103 (17.67%) Ansible
5 75 (12.86%) Opscode Chef
6 16 (2.74%) Prometheus
7 13 (2.23%) Rancher
8 12 (2.06%) Microsoft Intune
9 9 (1.54%) Grafana
9 9 (1.54%) HAProxy
9 9 (1.54%) Icinga
9 9 (1.54%) SCCM
10 8 (1.37%) Backup Exec
10 8 (1.37%) Nagios
10 8 (1.37%) SCOM
11 7 (1.20%) Salt
12 6 (1.03%) Graylog
12 6 (1.03%) ZABBIX
13 5 (0.86%) Docker Swarm
14 4 (0.69%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 61 (10.46%) Microsoft
1 61 (10.46%) VMware
2 40 (6.86%) Red Hat
3 30 (5.15%) Google
4 24 (4.12%) SAP
5 23 (3.95%) Oracle
6 16 (2.74%) Citrix
7 14 (2.40%) Cisco
7 14 (2.40%) NetApp
8 12 (2.06%) HP
9 11 (1.89%) Dynatrace
10 9 (1.54%) AppDynamics
10 9 (1.54%) EMC
10 9 (1.54%) SolarWinds
11 8 (1.37%) Borland
11 8 (1.37%) Dell
11 8 (1.37%) Veeam
12 7 (1.20%) BeyondTrust
13 6 (1.03%) Asigra
13 6 (1.03%) NVIDIA