Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 3 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
3 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 36 26 23
Rank change year-on-year -10 -3 -2
Permanent jobs citing Linux 7,027 3,499 872
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 8.86% 9.31% 9.73%
As % of the Operating Systems category 50.17% 50.70% 47.83%
Number of salaries quoted 3,604 2,741 751
10th Percentile £37,500 £34,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £46,250 £41,250 £43,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - -8.33%
75th Percentile £76,563 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,534 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.04% +0.97% +4.76%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 14,006 6,901 1,823
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 17.67% 18.36% 20.34%
Number of salaries quoted 7,682 5,566 1,563
10th Percentile £30,500 £31,250 £31,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £42,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% -4.35%
75th Percentile £73,750 £67,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Linux
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Linux trend for jobs with a WFH option

Linux
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Linux.

Linux salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Linux
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Linux over the 6 months to 3 July 2022.

Linux salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 3 July 2022, Linux job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Linux.

1 3,060 (43.55%) Python
2 2,993 (42.59%) AWS
3 2,484 (35.35%) Agile
4 2,339 (33.29%) DevOps
5 2,187 (31.12%) Docker
6 2,135 (30.38%) Kubernetes
7 2,066 (29.40%) Software Engineering
8 2,024 (28.80%) Windows
9 1,906 (27.12%) Azure
10 1,727 (24.58%) Social Skills
11 1,711 (24.35%) Java
12 1,702 (24.22%) Finance
13 1,631 (23.21%) SQL
14 1,628 (23.17%) CI/CD
15 1,413 (20.11%) JavaScript
16 1,405 (19.99%) Git (software)
17 1,400 (19.92%) Terraform
18 1,172 (16.68%) Ansible
19 1,171 (16.66%) Problem-Solving
20 1,170 (16.65%) Infrastructure as Code
21 1,122 (15.97%) Bash
22 1,026 (14.60%) Unix
23 1,015 (14.44%) Degree
24 952 (13.55%) MySQL
25 912 (12.98%) GCP
26 906 (12.89%) Jenkins
27 874 (12.44%) Computer Science
28 869 (12.37%) C++
29 833 (11.85%) Test Automation
30 802 (11.41%) PostgreSQL

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 468 (6.66%) Apache
2 260 (3.70%) Confluence
3 182 (2.59%) nginx
4 149 (2.12%) Tomcat
5 136 (1.94%) OpenStack
6 129 (1.84%) IIS
7 128 (1.82%) GeoServer
8 116 (1.65%) SharePoint
9 101 (1.44%) Apache Airflow
10 73 (1.04%) Apache Spark
11 72 (1.02%) Ethereum
12 53 (0.75%) Jupyter
13 52 (0.74%) Apache Solr
14 49 (0.70%) WordPress
15 48 (0.68%) Hyperledger
16 39 (0.56%) CMS
17 38 (0.54%) Jetty
18 37 (0.53%) WebLogic
19 36 (0.51%) MS Exchange
20 35 (0.50%) JBoss
Applications
1 180 (2.56%) Microsoft Office
2 52 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
3 30 (0.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 27 (0.38%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.14%) Campfire
6 8 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
7 7 (0.100%) Maple
7 7 (0.100%) Photoshop
8 6 (0.085%) Simulink
9 5 (0.071%) Adobe Illustrator
10 4 (0.057%) SPSS
11 3 (0.043%) EngageOne
12 2 (0.028%) InVision
12 2 (0.028%) Sketch
12 2 (0.028%) Stata
13 1 (0.014%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 60 (0.85%) R3 Corda
2 45 (0.64%) Distributed Ledger
3 30 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
4 16 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
4 16 (0.23%) Magento
5 13 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
5 13 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
5 13 (0.19%) Ripple
5 13 (0.19%) Ripple XRP
5 13 (0.19%) Temenos T24
6 9 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
7 8 (0.11%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
8 7 (0.100%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 6 (0.085%) Dynamics AX
9 6 (0.085%) Oracle Financials
10 5 (0.071%) Oracle EBS R12
11 4 (0.057%) Oracle 11i
11 4 (0.057%) Shopify
12 3 (0.043%) Fidessa
12 3 (0.043%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 2,993 (42.59%) AWS
2 1,906 (27.12%) Azure
3 912 (12.98%) GCP
4 573 (8.15%) GitHub
5 527 (7.50%) SaaS
6 440 (6.26%) Serverless
7 400 (5.69%) AWS CloudFormation
8 296 (4.21%) Azure DevOps
9 287 (4.08%) Amazon EC2
10 265 (3.77%) Amazon S3
11 260 (3.70%) Microsoft 365
12 247 (3.52%) AWS Lambda
13 235 (3.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 204 (2.90%) PaaS
15 195 (2.78%) Datadog
16 185 (2.63%) Cloud Computing
17 172 (2.45%) OpenShift
18 164 (2.33%) IaaS
19 147 (2.09%) Amazon ECS
20 132 (1.88%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 539 (7.67%) Firewall
2 413 (5.88%) HTTP
3 397 (5.65%) DNS
4 388 (5.52%) TCP/IP
5 214 (3.05%) VPN
6 213 (3.03%) DHCP
7 206 (2.93%) Internet
8 170 (2.42%) Network Security
9 126 (1.79%) SSL
10 125 (1.78%) SAN
11 124 (1.76%) Wireless
12 112 (1.59%) LAN
13 103 (1.47%) WAN
14 88 (1.25%) Broadband
15 75 (1.07%) VoIP
16 71 (1.01%) MQTT
17 68 (0.97%) Wireshark
18 63 (0.90%) VLAN
19 60 (0.85%) HTTPS
20 54 (0.77%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 952 (13.55%) MySQL
2 802 (11.41%) PostgreSQL
3 396 (5.64%) SQL Server
4 366 (5.21%) Elasticsearch
5 340 (4.84%) Redis
6 309 (4.40%) Relational Database
7 300 (4.27%) Big Data
8 262 (3.73%) MongoDB
9 248 (3.53%) NoSQL
10 204 (2.90%) Amazon RDS
11 155 (2.21%) Oracle Database
12 147 (2.09%) Data Warehouse
13 138 (1.96%) QGIS
14 136 (1.94%) Hadoop
15 135 (1.92%) GIS
16 117 (1.67%) Amazon Redshift
17 111 (1.58%) DynamoDB
18 107 (1.52%) MariaDB
19 103 (1.47%) InfluxDB
20 74 (1.05%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,405 (19.99%) Git (software)
2 906 (12.89%) Jenkins
3 618 (8.79%) JIRA
4 429 (6.11%) GitLab
5 257 (3.66%) Bitbucket
6 172 (2.45%) Maven
7 159 (2.26%) Selenium
8 140 (1.99%) JUnit
9 107 (1.52%) Octopus Deploy
10 106 (1.51%) Cucumber
11 105 (1.49%) webpack
12 86 (1.22%) TeamCity
13 77 (1.10%) Travis CI
14 75 (1.07%) Gradle
15 73 (1.04%) Subversion
16 70 (1.00%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 64 (0.91%) CircleCI
18 58 (0.83%) Cypress.io
19 57 (0.81%) Mockito
20 52 (0.74%) Artifactory
General
1 1,727 (24.58%) Social Skills
2 1,702 (24.22%) Finance
3 561 (7.98%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 542 (7.71%) Analytical Skills
5 440 (6.26%) Public Sector
6 364 (5.18%) Retail
7 312 (4.44%) Telecoms
8 310 (4.41%) Banking
9 245 (3.49%) Marketing
10 228 (3.24%) Games
11 212 (3.02%) Electronics
12 188 (2.68%) Law
13 160 (2.28%) Advertising
14 110 (1.57%) Presentation Skills
15 92 (1.31%) Manufacturing
16 81 (1.15%) Aerospace
17 65 (0.93%) Financial Institution
18 61 (0.87%) Back Office
18 61 (0.87%) Organisational Skills
19 56 (0.80%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,544 (21.97%) Developer
2 1,130 (16.08%) Software Engineer
3 1,077 (15.33%) DevOps Engineer
4 346 (4.92%) Senior Developer
5 340 (4.84%) Senior DevOps
6 339 (4.82%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 335 (4.77%) Cloud Engineer
8 318 (4.53%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 304 (4.33%) Senior Software Engineer
10 287 (4.08%) C# Developer
11 272 (3.87%) Analyst
12 255 (3.63%) Java Developer
13 215 (3.06%) Administrator
13 215 (3.06%) AWS Engineer
14 199 (2.83%) Support Engineer
15 195 (2.78%) Linux Engineer
16 181 (2.58%) Applications Support
17 179 (2.55%) PHP Developer
18 163 (2.32%) Architect
19 158 (2.25%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 723 (10.29%) React
2 715 (10.18%) CSS
3 704 (10.02%) .NET
4 690 (9.82%) HTML
5 553 (7.87%) Node.js
6 419 (5.96%) Kafka
7 401 (5.71%) Spring
8 373 (5.31%) REST
9 340 (4.84%) Elastic Stack
10 334 (4.75%) .NET Core
11 327 (4.65%) RESTful
12 325 (4.63%) AngularJS
13 322 (4.58%) Web Services
14 292 (4.16%) LAMP
15 272 (3.87%) XML
16 263 (3.74%) HTML5
17 261 (3.71%) JSON
18 254 (3.61%) Laravel
19 253 (3.60%) Vue.js
20 191 (2.72%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 440 (6.26%) Public Cloud
2 351 (5.00%) Cloud Native
3 345 (4.91%) Linux Command Line
4 336 (4.78%) Algorithms
5 311 (4.43%) Cyberattack
6 308 (4.38%) User Experience
7 289 (4.11%) Self-Motivation
8 248 (3.53%) Blockchain
8 248 (3.53%) Cyber Defence
9 230 (3.27%) Data Centre
10 216 (3.07%) IoT
11 206 (2.93%) Virtual Team
12 201 (2.86%) Mobile App
13 192 (2.73%) Management Information System
14 156 (2.22%) Data Structures
15 145 (2.06%) Blog
16 122 (1.74%) Cyberthreat
17 120 (1.71%) Cybercrime
18 113 (1.61%) Embedded Systems
19 92 (1.31%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 2,024 (28.80%) Windows
2 1,026 (14.60%) Unix
3 527 (7.50%) Ubuntu
4 424 (6.03%) Windows Server
5 383 (5.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 327 (4.65%) CentOS
7 289 (4.11%) Android
8 203 (2.89%) Apple iOS
9 164 (2.33%) Mac OS
10 123 (1.75%) Debian
11 89 (1.27%) Embedded Linux
12 84 (1.20%) Mac OS X
13 79 (1.12%) Windows Server 2012
14 76 (1.08%) Solaris
15 75 (1.07%) Windows Server 2016
16 69 (0.98%) AIX
17 48 (0.68%) Windows Server 2019
18 47 (0.67%) Windows 10
19 35 (0.50%) VMS
20 30 (0.43%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,484 (35.35%) Agile
2 2,339 (33.29%) DevOps
3 2,066 (29.40%) Software Engineering
4 1,628 (23.17%) CI/CD
5 1,171 (16.66%) Problem-Solving
6 1,170 (16.65%) Infrastructure as Code
7 874 (12.44%) Computer Science
8 833 (11.85%) Test Automation
9 784 (11.16%) Scrum
10 724 (10.30%) Continuous Integration
11 678 (9.65%) Mentoring
11 678 (9.65%) TDD
12 663 (9.44%) Full Stack Development
13 593 (8.44%) Microservices
14 573 (8.15%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 567 (8.07%) Fintech
16 561 (7.98%) Open Source
17 557 (7.93%) Configuration Management
18 480 (6.83%) Analytics
19 463 (6.59%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 3,060 (43.55%) Python
2 1,711 (24.35%) Java
3 1,631 (23.21%) SQL
4 1,413 (20.11%) JavaScript
5 1,122 (15.97%) Bash
6 869 (12.37%) C++
7 784 (11.16%) C#
8 719 (10.23%) Go
9 604 (8.60%) PHP
10 598 (8.51%) PowerShell
11 509 (7.24%) Ruby
12 423 (6.02%) C
13 401 (5.71%) TypeScript
14 392 (5.58%) Shell Script
15 321 (4.57%) Perl
16 278 (3.96%) T-SQL
17 168 (2.39%) Scala
18 161 (2.29%) Kotlin
19 146 (2.08%) Groovy
20 122 (1.74%) Rust
Qualifications
1 1,015 (14.44%) Degree
2 660 (9.39%) Security Cleared
3 496 (7.06%) SC Cleared
4 375 (5.34%) Computer Science Degree
5 114 (1.62%) Cisco Certification
6 97 (1.38%) CCNA
7 94 (1.34%) AWS Certification
8 80 (1.14%) Microsoft Certification
9 78 (1.11%) ISTQB
10 61 (0.87%) DV Cleared
11 59 (0.84%) PhD
12 56 (0.80%) Master's Degree
13 52 (0.74%) CISSP
14 44 (0.63%) MCSE
15 41 (0.58%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 40 (0.57%) DBS Check
17 39 (0.56%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
17 39 (0.56%) RHCE
18 36 (0.51%) CompTIA Security+
18 36 (0.51%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 491 (6.99%) QA
2 126 (1.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 84 (1.20%) SLA
4 68 (0.97%) GDPR
5 48 (0.68%) Accessibility
6 45 (0.64%) PCI DSS
7 40 (0.57%) NIST
8 37 (0.53%) MISRA
9 36 (0.51%) Def Stans
10 35 (0.50%) Cyber Essentials
11 29 (0.41%) ISO 9001
12 26 (0.37%) Data Quality
13 23 (0.33%) SOC 2
14 18 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 18 (0.26%) ECSS
15 17 (0.24%) IEC 61508
15 17 (0.24%) MISRA C
16 16 (0.23%) NCSC
17 14 (0.20%) HIPAA
18 10 (0.14%) JTAG
System Software
1 2,187 (31.12%) Docker
2 415 (5.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 414 (5.89%) Active Directory
4 158 (2.25%) Virtual Machines
5 136 (1.94%) vSphere
6 129 (1.84%) Firmware
7 103 (1.47%) Hyper-V
8 98 (1.39%) VMware ESXi
9 57 (0.81%) KVM
10 51 (0.73%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 39 (0.56%) Oracle RAC
12 36 (0.51%) iptables
13 35 (0.50%) LXC
13 35 (0.50%) Xen
14 25 (0.36%) Virtual Servers
15 20 (0.28%) NFS
16 19 (0.27%) Snort
16 19 (0.27%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
17 17 (0.24%) Citrix Hypervisor
17 17 (0.24%) GlusterFS
Systems Management
1 2,135 (30.38%) Kubernetes
2 1,400 (19.92%) Terraform
3 1,172 (16.68%) Ansible
4 453 (6.45%) Puppet
5 322 (4.58%) Grafana
6 302 (4.30%) Prometheus
7 275 (3.91%) Opscode Chef
8 110 (1.57%) Kibana
9 88 (1.25%) Nagios
10 87 (1.24%) Packer
11 77 (1.10%) ZABBIX
12 73 (1.04%) vCenter Server
13 68 (0.97%) Istio
14 54 (0.77%) logstash
15 47 (0.67%) Microsoft Intune
16 45 (0.64%) Consul
17 41 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
18 38 (0.54%) Tivoli
19 37 (0.53%) Argo
19 37 (0.53%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 752 (10.70%) Microsoft
2 632 (8.99%) VMware
3 527 (7.50%) Google
4 504 (7.17%) Oracle
5 468 (6.66%) Red Hat
6 197 (2.80%) Cisco
7 174 (2.48%) Splunk
8 167 (2.38%) Atlassian
9 148 (2.11%) IBM
10 108 (1.54%) SAP
11 100 (1.42%) Citrix
11 100 (1.42%) Zend
12 90 (1.28%) HP
13 68 (0.97%) Dynatrace
14 67 (0.95%) ServiceNow
15 61 (0.87%) New Relic
16 60 (0.85%) SolarWinds
17 59 (0.84%) Juniper
18 57 (0.81%) F5
18 57 (0.81%) Sun