Period
to 15 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 15 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
15 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1085 1112 1177
Rank change year-on-year +27 +65 +101
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 60 68 54
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.036% 0.039% 0.028%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.16% 0.16% 0.11%
Number of salaries quoted 32 46 47
UK median annual salary £52,500 £48,750 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% -18.75% +60.00%
10th Percentile £37,525 £31,500 £41,250
90th Percentile £79,250 £78,750 £84,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £33,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +49.25% -44.17% +60.00%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 37,772 43,307 47,587
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.95% 24.91% 24.99%
Number of salaries quoted 30,491 34,931 40,439
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +4.65%
10th Percentile £25,000 £25,000 £24,750
90th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +1.25% - +2.56%

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 15 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 11 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 15 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +29 60 £52,500 +16.67% 15
UK excluding London +31 37 £50,000 +49.25% 3
East of England +40 27 £52,500 +56.72% 1
London +25 23 £60,000 +8.60% 12
North of England +28 4 £40,000 +23.08%
Yorkshire - 4 £40,000 -
Midlands +18 2 - - 1
South East -5 2 £105,000 +121.05% 1
South West - 2 £43,750 -
West Midlands +24 1 - - 1
East Midlands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 15 October 2018, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 43 (71.67%) Nessus
1 43 (71.67%) Metasploit
2 42 (70.00%) SIEM
3 40 (66.67%) CEH
4 39 (65.00%) Linux
5 36 (60.00%) Nmap
6 34 (56.67%) CISSP
6 34 (56.67%) Penetration Testing
7 32 (53.33%) Vulnerability Management
8 29 (48.33%) Qualys
9 26 (43.33%) Open Source
9 26 (43.33%) Security Operations
10 25 (41.67%) GIAC
10 25 (41.67%) Agile Software Development
11 22 (36.67%) Firewall
11 22 (36.67%) Amazon AWS
12 21 (35.00%) Threat Modelling
12 21 (35.00%) SSCP
12 21 (35.00%) Python
12 21 (35.00%) CompTIA Security+
13 20 (33.33%) Information Security
13 20 (33.33%) Netsparker
13 20 (33.33%) DevOps
14 19 (31.67%) CISM
14 19 (31.67%) Security Operations Centre
15 18 (30.00%) Continuous Improvement
15 18 (30.00%) Security Architecture
16 17 (28.33%) Splunk
16 17 (28.33%) Cisco Certification
16 17 (28.33%) Identity Access Management

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (13.33%) Apache
1 8 (13.33%) IIS
2 4 (6.67%) SharePoint
2 4 (6.67%) Skype for Business
3 1 (1.67%) Confluence
3 1 (1.67%) Exchange Server 2003
3 1 (1.67%) Exchange Server 2010
3 1 (1.67%) Exchange Server 2013
3 1 (1.67%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 1 (1.67%) Microsoft Excel
Cloud Services
1 22 (36.67%) Amazon AWS
2 10 (16.67%) Microsoft Azure
3 7 (11.67%) Cloud Computing
3 7 (11.67%) Google Cloud Platform
4 1 (1.67%) Amazon S3
4 1 (1.67%) IaaS
4 1 (1.67%) PaaS
4 1 (1.67%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 22 (36.67%) Firewall
2 13 (21.67%) Wireless
3 12 (20.00%) TCP/IP
4 11 (18.33%) DNS
4 11 (18.33%) VPN
5 10 (16.67%) DHCP
6 9 (15.00%) SNMP
7 8 (13.33%) HTTP
7 8 (13.33%) Internet
8 7 (11.67%) ICMP
9 4 (6.67%) OSPF
9 4 (6.67%) WAN
9 4 (6.67%) Wireshark
10 3 (5.00%) BGP
10 3 (5.00%) EIGRP
10 3 (5.00%) LAN
11 2 (3.33%) Cisco ASA
11 2 (3.33%) Intrusion Detection
11 2 (3.33%) SSL
11 2 (3.33%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4 (6.67%) Data Warehouse
2 1 (1.67%) Relational Database
2 1 (1.67%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 43 (71.67%) Metasploit
2 3 (5.00%) Burp Suite
2 3 (5.00%) Paros
3 1 (1.67%) AppScan
3 1 (1.67%) GDB
3 1 (1.67%) Git (software)
3 1 (1.67%) JIRA
3 1 (1.67%) sqlmap
3 1 (1.67%) TeamCity
3 1 (1.67%) Vagrant
3 1 (1.67%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 11 (18.33%) Retail
2 4 (6.67%) Finance
3 1 (1.67%) Banking
3 1 (1.67%) Legal
3 1 (1.67%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 26 (43.33%) Security Engineer
2 18 (30.00%) Analyst
3 12 (20.00%) Vulnerability Management Engineer
4 11 (18.33%) Security Analyst
5 8 (13.33%) Penetration Tester
5 8 (13.33%) Tester
6 7 (11.67%) SOC Analyst
7 4 (6.67%) Operations Engineer
8 3 (5.00%) CISSP Analyst
8 3 (5.00%) SIEM Analyst
9 2 (3.33%) Architect
9 2 (3.33%) Auditor
9 2 (3.33%) Cybersecurity Engineer
9 2 (3.33%) Information Security Analyst
9 2 (3.33%) IT Infrastructure Auditor
9 2 (3.33%) IT Security Auditor
9 2 (3.33%) Security Auditor
9 2 (3.33%) Security Consultant
9 2 (3.33%) Senior Auditor
9 2 (3.33%) Senior IT Auditor
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7 (11.67%) Elastic Stack
2 2 (3.33%) .NET
2 2 (3.33%) Middleware
3 1 (1.67%) ASP.NET
3 1 (1.67%) LDAP
3 1 (1.67%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 19 (31.67%) Security Operations Centre
2 8 (13.33%) Linux Command Line
2 8 (13.33%) Management Information System
3 7 (11.67%) Cyber Kill Chain
3 7 (11.67%) Data Centre
3 7 (11.67%) Enterprise Software
4 6 (10.00%) Analytical Mindset
4 6 (10.00%) Analytical Skills
5 4 (6.67%) NHS
6 3 (5.00%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (3.33%) Mainframe
8 1 (1.67%) Cyberattack
8 1 (1.67%) Fintech
8 1 (1.67%) Mobile App
8 1 (1.67%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 39 (65.00%) Linux
2 14 (23.33%) Windows
3 7 (11.67%) Mac OS X
4 6 (10.00%) VMS
5 5 (8.33%) Windows Server
6 2 (3.33%) Android
6 2 (3.33%) Apple iOS
6 2 (3.33%) CentOS
6 2 (3.33%) Ubuntu
6 2 (3.33%) Unix
7 1 (1.67%) Debian
7 1 (1.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (1.67%) Windows 10
7 1 (1.67%) Windows 8
7 1 (1.67%) Windows Server 2003
7 1 (1.67%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 42 (70.00%) SIEM
2 34 (56.67%) Penetration Testing
3 32 (53.33%) Vulnerability Management
4 26 (43.33%) Open Source
4 26 (43.33%) Security Operations
5 25 (41.67%) Agile Software Development
6 21 (35.00%) Threat Modelling
7 20 (33.33%) DevOps
7 20 (33.33%) Information Security
8 18 (30.00%) Continuous Improvement
8 18 (30.00%) Security Architecture
9 17 (28.33%) Identity Access Management
10 16 (26.67%) Application Performance Monitoring
10 16 (26.67%) Performance Monitoring
10 16 (26.67%) Problem-Solving
10 16 (26.67%) Vulnerability Assessment
11 14 (23.33%) Cybersecurity
12 12 (20.00%) Secure Coding
13 10 (16.67%) Ethical Hacking
13 10 (16.67%) Vulnerability Scanning
Programming Languages
1 21 (35.00%) Python
2 13 (21.67%) Go
2 13 (21.67%) Perl
2 13 (21.67%) PHP
2 13 (21.67%) Ruby
3 12 (20.00%) PowerShell
4 11 (18.33%) SQL
5 8 (13.33%) Java
6 7 (11.67%) Bash Shell
7 4 (6.67%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 40 (66.67%) CEH
2 34 (56.67%) CISSP
3 25 (41.67%) GIAC
4 21 (35.00%) CompTIA Security+
4 21 (35.00%) SSCP
5 19 (31.67%) CISM
6 17 (28.33%) Cisco Certification
7 16 (26.67%) CISA
7 16 (26.67%) OSCP
8 14 (23.33%) GCIH
9 13 (21.67%) CSSLP
10 12 (20.00%) Degree
10 12 (20.00%) SANS
11 10 (16.67%) CCNA
11 10 (16.67%) GSEC
12 8 (13.33%) OSCE
13 7 (11.67%) A+ Certification
13 7 (11.67%) CCENT
13 7 (11.67%) GCIA
13 7 (11.67%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (13.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 6 (10.00%) PCI DSS
3 4 (6.67%) Cyber Essentials
3 4 (6.67%) GDPR
3 4 (6.67%) PMO
4 1 (1.67%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 1 (1.67%) SLA
System Software
1 14 (23.33%) Active Directory
2 4 (6.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 3 (5.00%) Snort
4 1 (1.67%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 43 (71.67%) Nessus
2 36 (60.00%) Nmap
3 13 (21.67%) QRadar
4 6 (10.00%) OpenVAS
5 5 (8.33%) Nexpose
6 3 (5.00%) EnCase
6 3 (5.00%) Suricata
7 1 (1.67%) Backup Exec
7 1 (1.67%) CASB
7 1 (1.67%) FortiGate
7 1 (1.67%) HP Fortify
7 1 (1.67%) McAfee ePO
7 1 (1.67%) Nagios
7 1 (1.67%) NetBackup
7 1 (1.67%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (1.67%) Puppet
7 1 (1.67%) SCCM
7 1 (1.67%) SCOM
7 1 (1.67%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (1.67%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 29 (48.33%) Qualys
2 20 (33.33%) Netsparker
3 17 (28.33%) Splunk
4 12 (20.00%) Cisco
4 12 (20.00%) Microsoft
5 9 (15.00%) AlienVault
6 8 (13.33%) VMware
7 7 (11.67%) LogRhythm
8 4 (6.67%) Sophos
9 3 (5.00%) CheckPoint
9 3 (5.00%) CyberArk
9 3 (5.00%) Rapid7
9 3 (5.00%) Symantec
10 2 (3.33%) ArcSight
10 2 (3.33%) Juniper
10 2 (3.33%) Palo Alto
11 1 (1.67%) CA
11 1 (1.67%) CommVault
11 1 (1.67%) NetApp
11 1 (1.67%) Veritas