Period
to 24 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 24 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
24 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 689 989 1099
Rank change year-on-year +300 +110 +59
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 20 70 58
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.037% 0.052% 0.036%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.17% 0.23% 0.16%
Number of salaries quoted 13 62 31
Median annual salary £62,500 £70,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -10.71% +55.56% -15.09%
10th Percentile £40,800 £39,125 £40,000
90th Percentile £73,000 £112,500 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £51,500 £65,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year -20.77% +62.50% -34.69%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 11,635 30,526 37,296
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.29% 22.78% 23.13%
Number of salaries quoted 9,696 24,304 30,098
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £28,000 £25,000 £25,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £40,000 £40,500
% change year-on-year +12.50% -1.23% +1.25%

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 12 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 24 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
UK excluding London +259 17 £51,500 -20.77% 8
England +298 14 £62,500 -10.71% 6
Wales +50 5 - -
South East - 5 £62,500 - 2
London +198 3 £82,500 -5.71% 1
North of England +140 2 £45,000 -43.75% 2
North West +117 2 £45,000 -43.75% 1
South West +104 2 - -
Midlands +89 2 £46,500 -33.57% 1
West Midlands +55 2 £46,500 -33.57% 1
Work from Home -21 2 £46,500 -53.50%
Scotland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 24 November 2020, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 13 (65.00%) Penetration Testing
1 13 (65.00%) Metasploit
1 13 (65.00%) Cybersecurity
2 11 (55.00%) CREST Certified
2 11 (55.00%) Information Security
2 11 (55.00%) SQL
3 10 (50.00%) Security Testing
3 10 (50.00%) SIEM
4 9 (45.00%) Security Operations
4 9 (45.00%) Ethical Hacking
4 9 (45.00%) Linux
4 9 (45.00%) Firewall
5 8 (40.00%) Burp Suite
6 7 (35.00%) Manufacturing
6 7 (35.00%) TCP/IP
6 7 (35.00%) CEH
6 7 (35.00%) Snort
6 7 (35.00%) Wireshark
7 6 (30.00%) PKI
7 6 (30.00%) Network Security
7 6 (30.00%) Cryptography
7 6 (30.00%) Nessus
7 6 (30.00%) Finance
7 6 (30.00%) SANS
7 6 (30.00%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
7 6 (30.00%) Vulnerability Scanning
7 6 (30.00%) Threat Intelligence
8 5 (25.00%) Purple Team
8 5 (25.00%) Logic Apps
8 5 (25.00%) Cyber Intelligence

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Business Applications
1 5 (25.00%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 5 (25.00%) AWS
1 5 (25.00%) Azure
1 5 (25.00%) Logic Apps
1 5 (25.00%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 9 (45.00%) Firewall
2 7 (35.00%) TCP/IP
2 7 (35.00%) Wireshark
3 6 (30.00%) Network Security
4 5 (25.00%) DKIM
4 5 (25.00%) DMARC
4 5 (25.00%) DNS
5 2 (10.00%) Cisco Firepower
5 2 (10.00%) Intrusion Detection
5 2 (10.00%) IPsec
5 2 (10.00%) OSPF
5 2 (10.00%) SNMP
5 2 (10.00%) tcpdump
5 2 (10.00%) VLAN
5 2 (10.00%) VPN
6 1 (5.00%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2 (10.00%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 13 (65.00%) Metasploit
2 8 (40.00%) Burp Suite
3 4 (20.00%) JIRA
4 2 (10.00%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 7 (35.00%) Manufacturing
2 6 (30.00%) Finance
3 2 (10.00%) Military
3 2 (10.00%) Public Sector
4 1 (5.00%) Legal
4 1 (5.00%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 8 (40.00%) Analyst
2 6 (30.00%) Penetration Tester
2 6 (30.00%) Security Analyst
2 6 (30.00%) Tester
3 5 (25.00%) Senior Penetration Tester
3 5 (25.00%) Senior Tester
4 2 (10.00%) Network Engineer
4 2 (10.00%) Senior Analyst
4 2 (10.00%) SIEM Analyst
4 2 (10.00%) SOC Analyst
5 1 (5.00%) Architect
5 1 (5.00%) Cloud Architect
5 1 (5.00%) Cybersecurity Analyst
5 1 (5.00%) Lead Tester
5 1 (5.00%) Network Security Architect
5 1 (5.00%) Operations Analyst
5 1 (5.00%) Security Operations Analyst
5 1 (5.00%) Team Leader
5 1 (5.00%) Web Specialist
5 1 (5.00%) Web Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5 (25.00%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 6 (30.00%) PKI
2 5 (25.00%) Cyberthreat
2 5 (25.00%) Security Operations Centre
3 4 (20.00%) Mobile App
4 2 (10.00%) Greenfield Project
5 1 (5.00%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 9 (45.00%) Linux
2 5 (25.00%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 13 (65.00%) Cybersecurity
1 13 (65.00%) Penetration Testing
2 11 (55.00%) Information Security
3 10 (50.00%) Security Testing
3 10 (50.00%) SIEM
4 9 (45.00%) Ethical Hacking
4 9 (45.00%) Security Operations
5 6 (30.00%) Cryptography
5 6 (30.00%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
5 6 (30.00%) Threat Intelligence
5 6 (30.00%) Vulnerability Scanning
6 5 (25.00%) Analytics
6 5 (25.00%) Cyber Intelligence
6 5 (25.00%) Data Privacy
6 5 (25.00%) Database Security
6 5 (25.00%) Malware Reverse Engineering
6 5 (25.00%) Purple Team
6 5 (25.00%) Reverse Engineering
7 4 (20.00%) Threat Modelling
8 3 (15.00%) Network Design
Programming Languages
1 11 (55.00%) SQL
2 5 (25.00%) Bash Shell
3 2 (10.00%) Python
Qualifications
1 11 (55.00%) CREST Certified
2 7 (35.00%) CEH
3 6 (30.00%) SANS
4 5 (25.00%) GCIA
4 5 (25.00%) GCIH
5 4 (20.00%) OSCP
5 4 (20.00%) Security Cleared
6 3 (15.00%) Cisco Certification
7 2 (10.00%) CCNP
7 2 (10.00%) CISSP
7 2 (10.00%) JNCIS
7 2 (10.00%) SC Cleared
8 1 (5.00%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 1 (5.00%) CCSP
8 1 (5.00%) GIAC
8 1 (5.00%) GPEN
8 1 (5.00%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (25.00%) GDPR
1 5 (25.00%) HMG Security Policy Framework
2 2 (10.00%) SLA
3 1 (5.00%) NCSC
3 1 (5.00%) NIST
System Software
1 7 (35.00%) Snort
2 5 (25.00%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 6 (30.00%) Nessus
2 1 (5.00%) Ansible
2 1 (5.00%) Nmap
Vendors
1 5 (25.00%) Microsoft
2 2 (10.00%) ArcSight
2 2 (10.00%) Cisco
2 2 (10.00%) Fortinet
2 2 (10.00%) Juniper
2 2 (10.00%) LogRhythm
2 2 (10.00%) NetScout
2 2 (10.00%) NetWitness
2 2 (10.00%) Palo Alto
2 2 (10.00%) Sun
3 1 (5.00%) Arista
3 1 (5.00%) Qualys