Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 1024 1118 1139
Rank change year-on-year +94 +21 +62
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 54 55 70
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.039% 0.033% 0.040%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.17% 0.14% 0.16%
Number of salaries quoted 41 33 50
UK median annual salary £60,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +14.29% +5.00% -13.04%
10th Percentile £38,750 £36,550 £31,700
90th Percentile £105,000 £78,500 £76,375
UK excluding London median annual salary £70,000 £50,000 £33,500
% change year-on-year +40.00% +49.25% -41.74%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 31,892 38,206 44,012
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.93% 22.94% 24.91%
Number of salaries quoted 25,133 30,826 35,547
UK median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £25,250 £25,250 £25,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £41,000 £40,230 £40,000
% change year-on-year +1.91% +0.57% -

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 13 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +84 52 £65,000 +23.81% 4
London +109 29 £52,500 -12.50% 2
UK excluding London +54 24 £70,000 +40.00% 6
West Midlands +43 14 £70,000 - 2
Midlands +35 14 £70,000 - 2
North of England +10 5 £45,000 +12.50%
North West +23 2 £42,500 +30.77%
South West +4 2 £42,500 -2.86%
Yorkshire -1 2 £90,000 +125.00%
East of England +52 1 £90,000 +71.43%
South East +20 1 - -
Wales - 1 £35,500 - 4
North East - 1 £32,500 -

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 51 (94.44%) Linux
2 41 (75.93%) Nessus
3 39 (72.22%) Penetration Testing
4 35 (64.81%) Nmap
5 34 (62.96%) Metasploit
6 32 (59.26%) Python
7 31 (57.41%) Vulnerability Management
8 20 (37.04%) Security Operations
9 19 (35.19%) Cybersecurity
9 19 (35.19%) Qualys
10 17 (31.48%) Vulnerability Scanning
11 16 (29.63%) Kubernetes
12 15 (27.78%) SonarQube
12 15 (27.78%) GCP
12 15 (27.78%) Sysdig
12 15 (27.78%) Snyk
12 15 (27.78%) Wireshark
12 15 (27.78%) OAuth
12 15 (27.78%) Go
12 15 (27.78%) OSCP
12 15 (27.78%) Jenkins
12 15 (27.78%) OpenID
12 15 (27.78%) C++
12 15 (27.78%) Java
12 15 (27.78%) JavaScript
12 15 (27.78%) SAML
13 14 (25.93%) Finance
14 13 (24.07%) Stakeholder Management
14 13 (24.07%) SQL
14 13 (24.07%) SIEM

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1 (1.85%) Cloud Foundry
Business Applications
1 1 (1.85%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 15 (27.78%) GCP
2 13 (24.07%) AWS
3 11 (20.37%) Azure
4 10 (18.52%) AWS CloudFormation
5 1 (1.85%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 15 (27.78%) Wireshark
2 3 (5.56%) Firewall
3 2 (3.70%) Network Security
4 1 (1.85%) DHCP
4 1 (1.85%) DNS
4 1 (1.85%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (12.96%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 34 (62.96%) Metasploit
2 15 (27.78%) Jenkins
2 15 (27.78%) Snyk
2 15 (27.78%) SonarQube
3 12 (22.22%) GitLab
4 3 (5.56%) Artifactory
4 3 (5.56%) Burp Suite
4 3 (5.56%) Cobertura
4 3 (5.56%) Gradle
5 2 (3.70%) AppScan
5 2 (3.70%) Git (software)
6 1 (1.85%) JIRA
General
1 14 (25.93%) Finance
2 6 (11.11%) Banking
3 1 (1.85%) Games
3 1 (1.85%) Law
Job Titles
1 15 (27.78%) Penetration Tester
1 15 (27.78%) Tester
2 8 (14.81%) Security Engineer
3 7 (12.96%) Analyst
3 7 (12.96%) DevOps Engineer
3 7 (12.96%) DevSecOps Engineer
3 7 (12.96%) Security Analyst
3 7 (12.96%) Senior Penetration Tester
3 7 (12.96%) Senior Tester
4 6 (11.11%) Lead DevOps
4 6 (11.11%) Lead DevOps Engineer
4 6 (11.11%) Operations Analyst
4 6 (11.11%) Security Operations Analyst
4 6 (11.11%) Senior Analyst
4 6 (11.11%) Senior Operations Analyst
4 6 (11.11%) Senior Security Analyst
4 6 (11.11%) SOC Analyst
5 4 (7.41%) Operations Team Leader
5 4 (7.41%) Team Leader
6 2 (3.70%) Applications Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (27.78%) OAuth
1 15 (27.78%) OpenID
1 15 (27.78%) SAML
2 3 (5.56%) boto
2 3 (5.56%) Kafka
3 1 (1.85%) Flash
Miscellaneous
1 13 (24.07%) Security Operations Centre
2 8 (14.81%) Analytical Skills
3 7 (12.96%) Management Information System
3 7 (12.96%) PKI
4 3 (5.56%) Public Cloud
5 2 (3.70%) Mobile App
6 1 (1.85%) Analytical Mindset
6 1 (1.85%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 51 (94.44%) Linux
2 7 (12.96%) Windows
3 3 (5.56%) Solaris
4 2 (3.70%) Ubuntu
4 2 (3.70%) Windows Server
5 1 (1.85%) CentOS
5 1 (1.85%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 39 (72.22%) Penetration Testing
2 31 (57.41%) Vulnerability Management
3 20 (37.04%) Security Operations
4 19 (35.19%) Cybersecurity
5 17 (31.48%) Vulnerability Scanning
6 13 (24.07%) Computer Science
6 13 (24.07%) SIEM
6 13 (24.07%) Stakeholder Identification
6 13 (24.07%) Stakeholder Management
7 10 (18.52%) Agile Software Development
7 10 (18.52%) DevOps
8 9 (16.67%) Information Security
9 8 (14.81%) DevSecOps
9 8 (14.81%) SDLC
9 8 (14.81%) Social Engineering
10 7 (12.96%) Incident Management
10 7 (12.96%) Manual Testing
10 7 (12.96%) Network Architecture
10 7 (12.96%) OWASP
10 7 (12.96%) Performance Analysis
Programming Languages
1 32 (59.26%) Python
2 15 (27.78%) C++
2 15 (27.78%) Go
2 15 (27.78%) Java
2 15 (27.78%) JavaScript
3 13 (24.07%) SQL
4 2 (3.70%) Bash Shell
5 1 (1.85%) C
5 1 (1.85%) Perl
5 1 (1.85%) PHP
5 1 (1.85%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 15 (27.78%) OSCP
2 10 (18.52%) Degree
3 9 (16.67%) Security Cleared
4 8 (14.81%) CHECK Team Leader
4 8 (14.81%) CHECK Team Member
4 8 (14.81%) CREST Certified
4 8 (14.81%) Tigerscheme
5 5 (9.26%) CEH
5 5 (9.26%) OSCE
5 5 (9.26%) PhD
6 4 (7.41%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 4 (7.41%) CHFI
6 4 (7.41%) Cisco Certification
6 4 (7.41%) ECIH
6 4 (7.41%) GCIH
6 4 (7.41%) GIAC
6 4 (7.41%) GPEN
7 3 (5.56%) CISSP
7 3 (5.56%) GWAPT
8 1 (1.85%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (5.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (3.70%) NIST
3 1 (1.85%) ISO/IEC 17025
System Software
1 9 (16.67%) Docker
2 4 (7.41%) VMware Infrastructure
2 4 (7.41%) vSphere
3 1 (1.85%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 41 (75.93%) Nessus
2 35 (64.81%) Nmap
3 16 (29.63%) Kubernetes
4 15 (27.78%) Sysdig
5 7 (12.96%) Terraform
6 5 (9.26%) Mesos
6 5 (9.26%) Rancher
7 4 (7.41%) OpenVAS
7 4 (7.41%) QRadar
8 3 (5.56%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (5.56%) Puppet
9 2 (3.70%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (1.85%) EnCase
10 1 (1.85%) FTK
10 1 (1.85%) WSUS
Vendors
1 19 (35.19%) Qualys
2 12 (22.22%) Splunk
3 7 (12.96%) ArcSight
4 5 (9.26%) AlienVault
4 5 (9.26%) VMware
5 4 (7.41%) LogRhythm
6 3 (5.56%) Google
6 3 (5.56%) Oracle
7 2 (3.70%) Black Duck
7 2 (3.70%) IBM
7 2 (3.70%) Veracode
8 1 (1.85%) Cellebrite
8 1 (1.85%) Microsoft
8 1 (1.85%) Nuix
8 1 (1.85%) Rapid7