Period
to 27 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 27 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
27 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 787 943 1071
Rank change year-on-year +156 +128 +95
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 17 84 51
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.023% 0.068% 0.034%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.12% 0.31% 0.15%
Number of salaries quoted 11 76 34
Median annual salary £51,500 £70,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -26.43% +55.56% -12.62%
10th Percentile £38,750 £46,250 £38,250
90th Percentile £97,500 £113,750 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,000 £58,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year -18.97% +45.00% -55.56%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 14,725 27,104 34,998
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.83% 22.05% 23.15%
Number of salaries quoted 12,003 22,028 28,500
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,500 £25,500 £25,750
90th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 27 February 2021.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 9 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 27 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +145 17 £51,500 -26.43% 3
UK excluding London +108 9 £47,000 -18.97% 5
London +158 8 £70,000 -22.22% 1
South East - 6 £65,000 -
Midlands +34 2 £46,500 -33.57%
West Midlands +22 2 £46,500 -33.57%
Work from Home -92 2 £46,500 -56.74%
North West +69 1 £42,500 -63.04% 2
North of England +54 1 £42,500 -15.00% 2

For the 6 months to 27 February 2021, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 13 (76.47%) Nessus
2 11 (64.71%) Python
2 11 (64.71%) Penetration Testing
3 10 (58.82%) Metasploit
3 10 (58.82%) Linux
3 10 (58.82%) Security Operations
4 9 (52.94%) Information Security
4 9 (52.94%) AWS
4 9 (52.94%) Qualys
5 8 (47.06%) Cybersecurity
6 7 (41.18%) Degree
7 6 (35.29%) Computer Science
7 6 (35.29%) Use Case
7 6 (35.29%) Nmap
7 6 (35.29%) SQL
7 6 (35.29%) Firewall
7 6 (35.29%) DevSecOps
8 5 (29.41%) Amazon EKS
8 5 (29.41%) Linux Command Line
8 5 (29.41%) Computer Science Degree
8 5 (29.41%) Serverless
8 5 (29.41%) SAML
8 5 (29.41%) Apache
8 5 (29.41%) Microsoft
8 5 (29.41%) Video Conferencing
8 5 (29.41%) OAuth
8 5 (29.41%) Amazon EC2
8 5 (29.41%) Amazon S3
8 5 (29.41%) Azure
8 5 (29.41%) OpenID

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (29.41%) Apache
Business Applications
1 1 (5.88%) Relativity
1 1 (5.88%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 9 (52.94%) AWS
2 5 (29.41%) Amazon EC2
2 5 (29.41%) Amazon EKS
2 5 (29.41%) Amazon ELB
2 5 (29.41%) Amazon S3
2 5 (29.41%) AWS Lambda
2 5 (29.41%) Azure
2 5 (29.41%) Serverless
2 5 (29.41%) Virtual Private Cloud
3 4 (23.53%) GCP
4 3 (17.65%) OpenDNS
5 1 (5.88%) Amazon GuardDuty
5 1 (5.88%) Cloud Computing
5 1 (5.88%) Microsoft 365
5 1 (5.88%) PaaS
5 1 (5.88%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 6 (35.29%) Firewall
2 3 (17.65%) Intrusion Detection
2 3 (17.65%) Wireshark
3 2 (11.76%) DNS
4 1 (5.88%) BGP
4 1 (5.88%) DHCP
4 1 (5.88%) HTTP
4 1 (5.88%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (29.41%) Amazon RDS
2 2 (11.76%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 10 (58.82%) Metasploit
2 5 (29.41%) GitLab
2 5 (29.41%) Jenkins
3 4 (23.53%) Burp Suite
4 1 (5.88%) IDA Disassembler
General
1 4 (23.53%) Manufacturing
2 3 (17.65%) Finance
2 3 (17.65%) Telecoms
3 2 (11.76%) Electronics
3 2 (11.76%) Marketing
3 2 (11.76%) Military
3 2 (11.76%) Public Sector
4 1 (5.88%) Law
4 1 (5.88%) Legal
Job Titles
1 6 (35.29%) Analyst
1 6 (35.29%) Security Analyst
2 5 (29.41%) DevSecOps Engineer
3 4 (23.53%) Operations Analyst
3 4 (23.53%) Security Operations Analyst
4 3 (17.65%) Senior Analyst
4 3 (17.65%) Senior Operations Analyst
4 3 (17.65%) Senior Security Analyst
5 2 (11.76%) Cybersecurity Analyst
6 1 (5.88%) Cloud Architect
6 1 (5.88%) Forensic Consultant
6 1 (5.88%) Lead Tester
6 1 (5.88%) Network Analyst
6 1 (5.88%) Network Security Analyst
6 1 (5.88%) Network Security Architect
6 1 (5.88%) Senior IT Consultant
6 1 (5.88%) SIEM Analyst
6 1 (5.88%) SOC Analyst
6 1 (5.88%) Web Specialist
6 1 (5.88%) Web Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5 (29.41%) Elastic Stack
1 5 (29.41%) OAuth
1 5 (29.41%) OpenID
1 5 (29.41%) SAML
2 4 (23.53%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 5 (29.41%) Linux Command Line
1 5 (29.41%) Video Conferencing
2 2 (11.76%) Data Centre
2 2 (11.76%) Greenfield Project
3 1 (5.88%) Management Information System
3 1 (5.88%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 10 (58.82%) Linux
2 2 (11.76%) Windows
3 1 (5.88%) Apple iOS
3 1 (5.88%) Mac OS X
3 1 (5.88%) Unix
3 1 (5.88%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 11 (64.71%) Penetration Testing
2 10 (58.82%) Security Operations
3 9 (52.94%) Information Security
4 8 (47.06%) Cybersecurity
5 6 (35.29%) Computer Science
5 6 (35.29%) DevSecOps
5 6 (35.29%) Use Case
6 5 (29.41%) API Integration
6 5 (29.41%) DevOps
6 5 (29.41%) Vulnerability Management
7 4 (23.53%) Threat Intelligence
8 3 (17.65%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
8 3 (17.65%) Data Loss Prevention
8 3 (17.65%) Incident Management
8 3 (17.65%) Malware Analysis
8 3 (17.65%) OWASP
8 3 (17.65%) Patch Management
8 3 (17.65%) SIEM
9 2 (11.76%) Programme Management
9 2 (11.76%) Red Team
Programming Languages
1 11 (64.71%) Python
2 6 (35.29%) SQL
3 4 (23.53%) PowerShell
4 3 (17.65%) C
4 3 (17.65%) C#
4 3 (17.65%) C++
4 3 (17.65%) VB
5 1 (5.88%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 7 (41.18%) Degree
2 5 (29.41%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (17.65%) CEH
3 3 (17.65%) OSCP
4 2 (11.76%) CISSP
4 2 (11.76%) CREST Certified
4 2 (11.76%) EnCE
4 2 (11.76%) SANS
5 1 (5.88%) (ISC)2 CCSP
5 1 (5.88%) CCSP
5 1 (5.88%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (5.88%) FFIEC
5 1 (5.88%) GCIA
5 1 (5.88%) GCIH
5 1 (5.88%) GSEC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (17.65%) NIST
2 1 (5.88%) GDPR
2 1 (5.88%) GLBA
2 1 (5.88%) ISO/IEC 17025
2 1 (5.88%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 1 (5.88%) NCSC
2 1 (5.88%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 3 (17.65%) Snort
1 3 (17.65%) Squid
2 1 (5.88%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 13 (76.47%) Nessus
2 6 (35.29%) Nmap
3 5 (29.41%) Terraform
4 3 (17.65%) Nexpose
4 3 (17.65%) Suricata
5 2 (11.76%) EnCase
6 1 (5.88%) Ansible
6 1 (5.88%) FTK
6 1 (5.88%) OpenVAS
Vendors
1 9 (52.94%) Qualys
2 5 (29.41%) Microsoft
3 4 (23.53%) Google
4 3 (17.65%) Blue Coat
4 3 (17.65%) Carbon Black
4 3 (17.65%) CheckPoint
4 3 (17.65%) Cisco
4 3 (17.65%) CrowdStrike
4 3 (17.65%) FireEye
4 3 (17.65%) Forcepoint
4 3 (17.65%) LogRhythm
4 3 (17.65%) Palo Alto
4 3 (17.65%) Splunk
4 3 (17.65%) Symantec
4 3 (17.65%) Zscaler
5 2 (11.76%) SAP
5 2 (11.76%) Sun
6 1 (5.88%) Apple
6 1 (5.88%) Citrix
6 1 (5.88%) Nuix