Period
to 6 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 6 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
6 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 865 883 1081
Rank change year-on-year +18 +198 +72
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 18 63 34
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.020% 0.062% 0.023%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.11% 0.29% 0.10%
Number of salaries quoted 6 48 28
10th Percentile £36,875 £45,000 £36,375
25th Percentile £42,813 £50,000 £42,813
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £66,250 £46,250
Median % change year-on-year -13.21% +43.24% -7.50%
75th Percentile £60,000 £81,563 £80,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £95,000 £99,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £55,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -22.73% +22.22% -25.00%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 17,009 21,620 33,882
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.31% 21.16% 23.06%
Number of salaries quoted 13,591 17,649 27,207
10th Percentile £27,500 £26,250 £25,750
25th Percentile £36,250 £33,500 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +4.40%
75th Percentile £67,500 £65,000 £65,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 6 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 8 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 6 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +54 18 £57,500 -8.00% 4
London +69 9 £60,000 -29.41% 1
UK excluding London +39 8 £42,500 -22.73% 5
South East - 5 - - 1
Midlands -5 2 - -
West Midlands -24 2 - -
North West +26 1 £42,500 -5.56% 1
North of England +3 1 £42,500 -15.00% 1

For the 6 months to 6 May 2021, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 15 (83.33%) Nessus
1 15 (83.33%) Penetration Testing
2 14 (77.78%) Python
2 14 (77.78%) Metasploit
2 14 (77.78%) AWS
3 12 (66.67%) Qualys
3 12 (66.67%) Security Operations
4 10 (55.56%) Azure
4 10 (55.56%) Linux
4 10 (55.56%) Microsoft
5 9 (50.00%) PowerShell
5 9 (50.00%) Degree
6 8 (44.44%) Computer Science
6 8 (44.44%) Vulnerability Management
6 8 (44.44%) Patch Management
6 8 (44.44%) Nmap
6 8 (44.44%) Cisco
6 8 (44.44%) Information Security
6 8 (44.44%) Threat Intelligence
7 7 (38.89%) Azure Sentinel
7 7 (38.89%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
7 7 (38.89%) Finance
7 7 (38.89%) Firewall
7 7 (38.89%) Web Services
7 7 (38.89%) SQL
7 7 (38.89%) Cybersecurity
7 7 (38.89%) GCP
7 7 (38.89%) Google
8 6 (33.33%) Squid
8 6 (33.33%) Wireshark

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (27.78%) Apache
2 1 (5.56%) Confluence
Business Applications
1 1 (5.56%) Relativity
1 1 (5.56%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 14 (77.78%) AWS
2 10 (55.56%) Azure
3 7 (38.89%) Azure Sentinel
3 7 (38.89%) GCP
4 6 (33.33%) OpenDNS
5 5 (27.78%) Amazon EC2
5 5 (27.78%) Amazon EKS
5 5 (27.78%) Amazon ELB
5 5 (27.78%) Amazon S3
5 5 (27.78%) AWS Lambda
5 5 (27.78%) Serverless
5 5 (27.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 2 (11.11%) Microsoft 365
7 1 (5.56%) Amazon GuardDuty
7 1 (5.56%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (5.56%) PaaS
7 1 (5.56%) Power Platform
7 1 (5.56%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 7 (38.89%) Firewall
2 6 (33.33%) Intrusion Detection
2 6 (33.33%) Wireshark
3 3 (16.67%) HTTP
4 2 (11.11%) 802.11
4 2 (11.11%) DNS
4 2 (11.11%) SNMP
4 2 (11.11%) VPN
5 1 (5.56%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (27.78%) Amazon RDS
2 1 (5.56%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 14 (77.78%) Metasploit
2 5 (27.78%) GitLab
2 5 (27.78%) Jenkins
3 4 (22.22%) Burp Suite
4 1 (5.56%) Emacs
4 1 (5.56%) IDA Disassembler
4 1 (5.56%) JIRA
General
1 7 (38.89%) Finance
2 5 (27.78%) Electronics
2 5 (27.78%) Manufacturing
2 5 (27.78%) Marketing
2 5 (27.78%) Public Sector
2 5 (27.78%) Social Skills
2 5 (27.78%) Telecoms
3 1 (5.56%) Banking
3 1 (5.56%) Law
Job Titles
1 8 (44.44%) Analyst
1 8 (44.44%) Security Analyst
2 6 (33.33%) Operations Analyst
2 6 (33.33%) Security Operations Analyst
2 6 (33.33%) Senior Analyst
2 6 (33.33%) Senior Operations Analyst
2 6 (33.33%) Senior Security Analyst
3 5 (27.78%) DevSecOps Engineer
4 2 (11.11%) Penetration Tester
4 2 (11.11%) Senior Penetration Tester
4 2 (11.11%) Senior Tester
4 2 (11.11%) Tester
5 1 (5.56%) Consultant
5 1 (5.56%) Information Analyst
5 1 (5.56%) Information Security Analyst
5 1 (5.56%) IT Consultant
5 1 (5.56%) Network Analyst
5 1 (5.56%) Security Specialist
5 1 (5.56%) Senior Consultant
5 1 (5.56%) Technical Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7 (38.89%) Web Services
2 5 (27.78%) Elastic Stack
2 5 (27.78%) OAuth
2 5 (27.78%) OpenID
2 5 (27.78%) SAML
3 2 (11.11%) 802.1X
Miscellaneous
1 5 (27.78%) Linux Command Line
1 5 (27.78%) Video Conferencing
2 3 (16.67%) SCADA
3 2 (11.11%) Cyberthreat
4 1 (5.56%) Data Centre
4 1 (5.56%) Management Information System
4 1 (5.56%) Self-Motivation
4 1 (5.56%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 10 (55.56%) Linux
2 2 (11.11%) Windows
3 1 (5.56%) Apple iOS
3 1 (5.56%) Mac OS X
3 1 (5.56%) Unix
3 1 (5.56%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 15 (83.33%) Penetration Testing
2 12 (66.67%) Security Operations
3 8 (44.44%) Computer Science
3 8 (44.44%) Information Security
3 8 (44.44%) Patch Management
3 8 (44.44%) Threat Intelligence
3 8 (44.44%) Vulnerability Management
4 7 (38.89%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
4 7 (38.89%) Cybersecurity
5 6 (33.33%) Data Loss Prevention
5 6 (33.33%) DevOps
5 6 (33.33%) DevSecOps
5 6 (33.33%) Malware Analysis
5 6 (33.33%) Use Case
6 5 (27.78%) API Integration
6 5 (27.78%) Business Intelligence
6 5 (27.78%) Digital Marketing
6 5 (27.78%) Programme Management
7 3 (16.67%) Agile Software Development
7 3 (16.67%) Cyber Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 14 (77.78%) Python
2 9 (50.00%) PowerShell
3 7 (38.89%) SQL
4 6 (33.33%) C
4 6 (33.33%) C#
4 6 (33.33%) C++
4 6 (33.33%) VB
5 3 (16.67%) Ruby
6 2 (11.11%) Bash Shell
6 2 (11.11%) Lua
Qualifications
1 9 (50.00%) Degree
2 5 (27.78%) Computer Science Degree
3 4 (22.22%) OSCP
3 4 (22.22%) SANS
4 3 (16.67%) CISSP
4 3 (16.67%) CREST Certified
5 2 (11.11%) CEH
5 2 (11.11%) CHECK Team Member
5 2 (11.11%) EnCE
5 2 (11.11%) GXPN
6 1 (5.56%) CISM
6 1 (5.56%) FFIEC
6 1 (5.56%) GCIA
6 1 (5.56%) GCIH
6 1 (5.56%) GSEC
6 1 (5.56%) OSCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (16.67%) NIST
2 2 (11.11%) QA
3 1 (5.56%) GDPR
3 1 (5.56%) GLBA
3 1 (5.56%) HIPAA
3 1 (5.56%) ISO/IEC 17025
3 1 (5.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (5.56%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 6 (33.33%) Snort
1 6 (33.33%) Squid
2 3 (16.67%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 15 (83.33%) Nessus
2 8 (44.44%) Nmap
3 6 (33.33%) Nexpose
3 6 (33.33%) Suricata
4 5 (27.78%) Terraform
5 2 (11.11%) EnCase
6 1 (5.56%) FTK
6 1 (5.56%) OpenVAS
Vendors
1 12 (66.67%) Qualys
2 10 (55.56%) Microsoft
3 8 (44.44%) Cisco
4 7 (38.89%) Google
5 6 (33.33%) Blue Coat
5 6 (33.33%) Carbon Black
5 6 (33.33%) CheckPoint
5 6 (33.33%) CrowdStrike
5 6 (33.33%) FireEye
5 6 (33.33%) Forcepoint
5 6 (33.33%) LogRhythm
5 6 (33.33%) Palo Alto
5 6 (33.33%) Splunk
5 6 (33.33%) Symantec
5 6 (33.33%) Zscaler
6 5 (27.78%) SAP
7 1 (5.56%) Alibaba
7 1 (5.56%) Apple
7 1 (5.56%) Atlassian
7 1 (5.56%) Citrix