Period
to 24 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 24 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
24 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 1019 673 1041
Rank change year-on-year -346 +368 +86
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 23 29 55
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.019% 0.059% 0.039%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.11% 0.28% 0.17%
Number of salaries quoted 10 13 44
10th Percentile £61,125 " £39,875
25th Percentile £64,375 £45,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £82,500 £62,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +32.00% -10.71% +33.33%
75th Percentile £90,000 £63,750 £105,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £84,750 £111,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £85,000 £62,500 £70,000
% change year-on-year +36.00% -10.71% +40.00%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21,572 10,509 32,368
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.60% 21.41% 22.96%
Number of salaries quoted 15,295 8,780 25,876
10th Percentile £26,250 £28,750 £25,000
25th Percentile £35,000 £37,000 £32,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year - +11.11% -5.26%
75th Percentile £67,500 £67,500 £65,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £41,000
% change year-on-year - +9.76% +1.23%

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 24 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 8 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 24 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -309 22 £85,000 +36.00% 13
UK excluding London -259 12 £85,000 +36.00% 9
London -233 9 £81,250 +20.37% 4
Midlands - 8 £85,000 - 2
West Midlands - 8 £85,000 - 2
Work from Home -293 4 £85,000 -15.00% 7
South West -99 3 £86,250 -
South East -161 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 24 September 2021, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 20 (86.96%) Penetration Testing
2 19 (82.61%) Metasploit
3 17 (73.91%) Azure
3 17 (73.91%) AWS
4 15 (65.22%) PowerShell
4 15 (65.22%) Nessus
4 15 (65.22%) Python
5 14 (60.87%) Patch Management
5 14 (60.87%) Burp Suite
5 14 (60.87%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
5 14 (60.87%) Threat Intelligence
6 13 (56.52%) Linux
7 12 (52.17%) Cisco
7 12 (52.17%) Social Skills
8 11 (47.83%) Microsoft
8 11 (47.83%) Nmap
9 10 (43.48%) Cybersecurity
10 9 (39.13%) Social Engineering
10 9 (39.13%) Finance
10 9 (39.13%) C#
11 8 (34.78%) 802.11
11 8 (34.78%) C++
11 8 (34.78%) HTTP
11 8 (34.78%) SNMP
11 8 (34.78%) VPN
11 8 (34.78%) Ruby
11 8 (34.78%) 802.1X
11 8 (34.78%) OSINT
11 8 (34.78%) Cyberthreat
11 8 (34.78%) QA

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1 (4.35%) SharePoint
Cloud Services
1 17 (73.91%) AWS
1 17 (73.91%) Azure
2 7 (30.43%) Azure Sentinel
3 6 (26.09%) GCP
3 6 (26.09%) OpenDNS
4 3 (13.04%) Microsoft 365
5 2 (8.70%) Power Platform
6 1 (4.35%) Azure Active Directory
6 1 (4.35%) Azure Functions
6 1 (4.35%) PaaS
6 1 (4.35%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 8 (34.78%) 802.11
1 8 (34.78%) HTTP
1 8 (34.78%) SNMP
1 8 (34.78%) VPN
2 7 (30.43%) Firewall
3 6 (26.09%) Intrusion Detection
3 6 (26.09%) Wireshark
4 2 (8.70%) Network Security
5 1 (4.35%) Cisco Firepower
5 1 (4.35%) DHCP
5 1 (4.35%) DNS
5 1 (4.35%) NAS
5 1 (4.35%) VLAN
5 1 (4.35%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2 (8.70%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 19 (82.61%) Metasploit
2 14 (60.87%) Burp Suite
3 2 (8.70%) Emacs
General
1 12 (52.17%) Social Skills
2 9 (39.13%) Finance
3 6 (26.09%) Electronics
3 6 (26.09%) Manufacturing
3 6 (26.09%) Marketing
3 6 (26.09%) Public Sector
3 6 (26.09%) Telecoms
4 2 (8.70%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 1 (4.35%) Legal
Job Titles
1 9 (39.13%) Penetration Tester
1 9 (39.13%) Tester
2 6 (26.09%) Analyst
2 6 (26.09%) Operations Analyst
2 6 (26.09%) Security Analyst
2 6 (26.09%) Security Operations Analyst
2 6 (26.09%) Senior Analyst
2 6 (26.09%) Senior Operations Analyst
2 6 (26.09%) Senior Security Analyst
3 5 (21.74%) Senior Penetration Tester
3 5 (21.74%) Senior Tester
4 3 (13.04%) Consultant
4 3 (13.04%) Security Consultant
5 2 (8.70%) Cybersecurity Consultant
5 2 (8.70%) Cybersecurity Manager
5 2 (8.70%) Lead Tester
5 2 (8.70%) Security Manager
5 2 (8.70%) Security Specialist
5 2 (8.70%) Senior Manager
5 2 (8.70%) Testing Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8 (34.78%) 802.1X
2 6 (26.09%) Web Services
3 1 (4.35%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 8 (34.78%) Cyberthreat
2 6 (26.09%) SCADA
3 1 (4.35%) Cloud Native
3 1 (4.35%) Cyber Defence
3 1 (4.35%) Cybercrime
3 1 (4.35%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 13 (56.52%) Linux
2 1 (4.35%) Android
2 1 (4.35%) Apple iOS
2 1 (4.35%) Ubuntu
2 1 (4.35%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 20 (86.96%) Penetration Testing
2 14 (60.87%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
2 14 (60.87%) Patch Management
2 14 (60.87%) Threat Intelligence
3 10 (43.48%) Cybersecurity
4 9 (39.13%) Social Engineering
5 8 (34.78%) Cyber Intelligence
5 8 (34.78%) Open Source
5 8 (34.78%) OSINT
5 8 (34.78%) Security Architecture
5 8 (34.78%) Vulnerability Management
6 7 (30.43%) Agile Software Development
6 7 (30.43%) Security Operations
7 6 (26.09%) Business Intelligence
7 6 (26.09%) Data Loss Prevention
7 6 (26.09%) Digital Marketing
7 6 (26.09%) Malware Analysis
7 6 (26.09%) Programme Management
8 5 (21.74%) Mathematics
8 5 (21.74%) Software Delivery
Programming Languages
1 15 (65.22%) PowerShell
1 15 (65.22%) Python
2 9 (39.13%) C#
3 8 (34.78%) Bash Shell
3 8 (34.78%) C++
3 8 (34.78%) Lua
3 8 (34.78%) Ruby
4 6 (26.09%) C
4 6 (26.09%) SQL
4 6 (26.09%) VB
5 3 (13.04%) Java
6 1 (4.35%) Go
Qualifications
1 8 (34.78%) OSCP
2 6 (26.09%) CREST Certified
3 5 (21.74%) CHECK Team Member
3 5 (21.74%) Degree
3 5 (21.74%) GXPN
3 5 (21.74%) SANS
4 3 (13.04%) CISSP
5 1 (4.35%) SC Cleared
5 1 (4.35%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (34.78%) QA
2 5 (21.74%) NIST
3 2 (8.70%) GDPR
3 2 (8.70%) HIPAA
3 2 (8.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (4.35%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 6 (26.09%) Active Directory
1 6 (26.09%) Snort
1 6 (26.09%) Squid
2 1 (4.35%) VMware ESXi
2 1 (4.35%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 15 (65.22%) Nessus
2 11 (47.83%) Nmap
3 6 (26.09%) Nexpose
3 6 (26.09%) Suricata
4 1 (4.35%) CSIRT
4 1 (4.35%) Nagios
4 1 (4.35%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 12 (52.17%) Cisco
2 11 (47.83%) Microsoft
3 6 (26.09%) Blue Coat
3 6 (26.09%) Carbon Black
3 6 (26.09%) CheckPoint
3 6 (26.09%) CrowdStrike
3 6 (26.09%) FireEye
3 6 (26.09%) Forcepoint
3 6 (26.09%) Google
3 6 (26.09%) LogRhythm
3 6 (26.09%) Palo Alto
3 6 (26.09%) Qualys
3 6 (26.09%) SAP
3 6 (26.09%) Splunk
3 6 (26.09%) Symantec
3 6 (26.09%) Zscaler
4 1 (4.35%) Dell
4 1 (4.35%) HP
4 1 (4.35%) SolarWinds
4 1 (4.35%) VMware