Period
to 20 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 20 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
20 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1121 1130 1211
Rank change year-on-year +9 +81 +61
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 51 71 73
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.030% 0.040% 0.037%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.13% 0.16% 0.15%
Number of salaries quoted 30 50 63
UK median annual salary £51,250 £47,500 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.89% -24.00% +66.67%
10th Percentile £36,250 £31,700 £32,750
90th Percentile £85,125 £76,375 £79,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £51,250 £33,000 £61,250
% change year-on-year +55.30% -46.12% +63.33%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 38,763 43,611 50,128
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.94% 24.79% 25.42%
Number of salaries quoted 31,156 35,540 42,758
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +4.65%
10th Percentile £25,375 £25,250 £24,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £41,000 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.50% - +3.81%

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 20 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 11 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 20 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 51 £51,250 +2.50% 5
UK excluding London +46 35 £51,250 +55.30%
East of England +36 21 £52,500 +56.72%
London +4 16 £53,750 -10.42% 5
South East 0 7 £105,000 +223.08%
North of England +22 4 £36,250 +11.54%
North West +21 2 £32,500 -
South West - 2 £43,750 -
Yorkshire - 2 £40,000 -
Midlands +29 1 - -
West Midlands +19 1 - -

For the 6 months to 20 August 2018, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 37 (72.55%) Metasploit
2 35 (68.63%) Nessus
3 33 (64.71%) Linux
4 29 (56.86%) Nmap
4 29 (56.86%) SIEM
5 26 (50.98%) Qualys
5 26 (50.98%) CISSP
6 25 (49.02%) Penetration Testing
6 25 (49.02%) CEH
7 24 (47.06%) Vulnerability Management
8 20 (39.22%) Agile Software Development
9 19 (37.25%) Threat Modelling
10 18 (35.29%) Netsparker
10 18 (35.29%) Firewall
11 17 (33.33%) Python
12 16 (31.37%) Open Source
13 15 (29.41%) Continuous Improvement
13 15 (29.41%) Amazon AWS
13 15 (29.41%) Cybersecurity
13 15 (29.41%) CISM
13 15 (29.41%) GIAC
13 15 (29.41%) Information Security
14 14 (27.45%) Security Operations
14 14 (27.45%) Problem-Solving
15 13 (25.49%) CompTIA Security+
15 13 (25.49%) Vulnerability Assessment
15 13 (25.49%) SSCP
16 12 (23.53%) Perl
16 12 (23.53%) Windows
16 12 (23.53%) TCP/IP

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (11.76%) Apache
1 6 (11.76%) IIS
2 2 (3.92%) Confluence
2 2 (3.92%) Exchange Server 2003
2 2 (3.92%) Exchange Server 2010
2 2 (3.92%) Exchange Server 2013
2 2 (3.92%) MS Exchange
2 2 (3.92%) SharePoint
2 2 (3.92%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 1 (1.96%) Microsoft Excel
Cloud Services
1 15 (29.41%) Amazon AWS
2 8 (15.69%) Microsoft Azure
3 3 (5.88%) Cloud Computing
3 3 (5.88%) Google Cloud Platform
3 3 (5.88%) IaaS
4 2 (3.92%) Amazon S3
5 1 (1.96%) PaaS
5 1 (1.96%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 18 (35.29%) Firewall
2 12 (23.53%) TCP/IP
3 9 (17.65%) VPN
4 8 (15.69%) DNS
4 8 (15.69%) Wireless
5 7 (13.73%) DHCP
6 5 (9.80%) SNMP
6 5 (9.80%) WAN
6 5 (9.80%) Wireshark
7 4 (7.84%) HTTP
7 4 (7.84%) LAN
8 3 (5.88%) Cisco ASA
8 3 (5.88%) ICMP
8 3 (5.88%) Internet
8 3 (5.88%) OSPF
9 2 (3.92%) BGP
9 2 (3.92%) EIGRP
9 2 (3.92%) NetScaler
9 2 (3.92%) tcpdump
9 2 (3.92%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3 (5.88%) Big Data
2 2 (3.92%) Data Warehouse
2 2 (3.92%) SQL Server
3 1 (1.96%) MySQL
3 1 (1.96%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 37 (72.55%) Metasploit
2 6 (11.76%) Burp Suite
3 4 (7.84%) Git (software)
3 4 (7.84%) TeamCity
4 2 (3.92%) JIRA
4 2 (3.92%) Paros
4 2 (3.92%) Vagrant
5 1 (1.96%) GDB
5 1 (1.96%) sqlmap
5 1 (1.96%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 5 (9.80%) Finance
1 5 (9.80%) Retail
2 3 (5.88%) Financial Institution
3 2 (3.92%) Games
3 2 (3.92%) Spanish Language
4 1 (1.96%) Banking
4 1 (1.96%) Legal
Job Titles
1 19 (37.25%) Security Engineer
2 16 (31.37%) Analyst
3 13 (25.49%) Security Analyst
4 7 (13.73%) Penetration Tester
4 7 (13.73%) Tester
4 7 (13.73%) Vulnerability Management Engineer
5 4 (7.84%) IT Analyst
5 4 (7.84%) IT Security Analyst
5 4 (7.84%) SIEM Analyst
6 3 (5.88%) Architect
6 3 (5.88%) Consultant
6 3 (5.88%) Cybersecurity Engineer
6 3 (5.88%) Security Consultant
6 3 (5.88%) SOC Analyst
6 3 (5.88%) Systems Engineer
7 2 (3.92%) AWS Architect
7 2 (3.92%) AWS Engineer
7 2 (3.92%) CISSP Analyst
7 2 (3.92%) Information Analyst
7 2 (3.92%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3 (5.88%) Elastic Stack
2 2 (3.92%) .NET
3 1 (1.96%) ASP.NET
3 1 (1.96%) LAMP
3 1 (1.96%) LDAP
3 1 (1.96%) OAuth
3 1 (1.96%) Regular Expression
Miscellaneous
1 10 (19.61%) Security Operations Centre
2 6 (11.76%) Self-Motivation
3 4 (7.84%) Cyberattack
3 4 (7.84%) Linux Command Line
3 4 (7.84%) Management Information System
4 3 (5.88%) Analytical Mindset
4 3 (5.88%) Analytical Skills
4 3 (5.88%) Cyber Kill Chain
4 3 (5.88%) Data Centre
4 3 (5.88%) Enterprise Software
5 2 (3.92%) NHS
6 1 (1.96%) Fintech
6 1 (1.96%) Mobile App
6 1 (1.96%) PKI
6 1 (1.96%) SCADA
Operating Systems
1 33 (64.71%) Linux
2 12 (23.53%) Windows
3 5 (9.80%) Windows Server
4 3 (5.88%) Android
4 3 (5.88%) CentOS
4 3 (5.88%) Mac OS X
4 3 (5.88%) Ubuntu
4 3 (5.88%) VMS
5 2 (3.92%) Apple iOS
5 2 (3.92%) Windows 10
5 2 (3.92%) Windows 8
5 2 (3.92%) Windows Server 2003
5 2 (3.92%) Windows Server 2012
6 1 (1.96%) Debian
6 1 (1.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 29 (56.86%) SIEM
2 25 (49.02%) Penetration Testing
3 24 (47.06%) Vulnerability Management
4 20 (39.22%) Agile Software Development
5 19 (37.25%) Threat Modelling
6 16 (31.37%) Open Source
7 15 (29.41%) Continuous Improvement
7 15 (29.41%) Cybersecurity
7 15 (29.41%) Information Security
8 14 (27.45%) Problem-Solving
8 14 (27.45%) Security Operations
9 13 (25.49%) Vulnerability Assessment
10 12 (23.53%) DevOps
11 9 (17.65%) Security Architecture
12 8 (15.69%) E-Commerce
12 8 (15.69%) Identity Access Management
13 7 (13.73%) Application Performance Monitoring
13 7 (13.73%) Performance Monitoring
13 7 (13.73%) Secure Coding
13 7 (13.73%) Security Monitoring
Programming Languages
1 17 (33.33%) Python
2 12 (23.53%) Perl
3 10 (19.61%) PHP
4 9 (17.65%) Go
4 9 (17.65%) Ruby
4 9 (17.65%) SQL
5 8 (15.69%) PowerShell
6 5 (9.80%) Java
7 4 (7.84%) Shell Script
8 3 (5.88%) Bash Shell
9 1 (1.96%) C
9 1 (1.96%) C#
9 1 (1.96%) C++
9 1 (1.96%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 26 (50.98%) CISSP
2 25 (49.02%) CEH
3 15 (29.41%) CISM
3 15 (29.41%) GIAC
4 13 (25.49%) CompTIA Security+
4 13 (25.49%) SSCP
5 11 (21.57%) CISA
6 9 (17.65%) CSSLP
6 9 (17.65%) OSCP
7 8 (15.69%) Degree
7 8 (15.69%) SANS
8 7 (13.73%) Cisco Certification
9 6 (11.76%) GCIH
10 5 (9.80%) GSEC
11 4 (7.84%) OSCE
11 4 (7.84%) SC Cleared
11 4 (7.84%) Security Cleared
12 3 (5.88%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 3 (5.88%) CHFI
12 3 (5.88%) ECIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (15.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 6 (11.76%) PCI DSS
3 4 (7.84%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 3 (5.88%) Cyber Essentials
5 2 (3.92%) GDPR
5 2 (3.92%) PMO
6 1 (1.96%) SLA
System Software
1 9 (17.65%) Active Directory
2 5 (9.80%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (3.92%) Hyper-V
3 2 (3.92%) Snort
Systems Management
1 35 (68.63%) Nessus
2 29 (56.86%) Nmap
3 6 (11.76%) QRadar
4 4 (7.84%) Ansible
4 4 (7.84%) Nexpose
5 3 (5.88%) OpenVAS
6 2 (3.92%) Backup Exec
6 2 (3.92%) EnCase
6 2 (3.92%) McAfee ePO
6 2 (3.92%) Nagios
6 2 (3.92%) NetBackup
6 2 (3.92%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (3.92%) Puppet
6 2 (3.92%) SCCM
6 2 (3.92%) SCOM
6 2 (3.92%) Suricata
7 1 (1.96%) CASB
7 1 (1.96%) FortiGate
7 1 (1.96%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 26 (50.98%) Qualys
2 18 (35.29%) Netsparker
3 11 (21.57%) Splunk
4 9 (17.65%) Cisco
4 9 (17.65%) Microsoft
5 7 (13.73%) VMware
6 5 (9.80%) AlienVault
7 4 (7.84%) LogRhythm
7 4 (7.84%) Sophos
8 3 (5.88%) Juniper
8 3 (5.88%) Palo Alto
9 2 (3.92%) Brocade
9 2 (3.92%) CA
9 2 (3.92%) CheckPoint
9 2 (3.92%) CommVault
9 2 (3.92%) McAfee
9 2 (3.92%) NetApp
9 2 (3.92%) Red Hat
9 2 (3.92%) Symantec
9 2 (3.92%) Veritas