Period
to 12 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 12 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
12 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 984 1088 1133
Rank change year-on-year +104 +45 +73
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 74 59 72
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.056% 0.037% 0.040%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.25% 0.16% 0.16%
Number of salaries quoted 60 32 47
UK median annual salary £70,000 £45,000 £53,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +55.56% -15.09% -11.67%
10th Percentile £38,300 £40,000 £34,900
90th Percentile £105,000 £72,500 £85,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £70,000 £40,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +75.00% -33.33% -4.00%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 30,164 36,961 43,922
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.66% 23.17% 24.48%
Number of salaries quoted 24,073 29,677 35,535
UK median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £25,000 £25,500 £25,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £78,750 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,250 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year -3.01% +3.75% -

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 12 December 2019.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 10 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 12 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +95 67 £70,000 +55.56% 12
UK excluding London +70 37 £70,000 +75.00% 7
London +92 36 £78,750 +75.00% 5
Midlands +64 24 £70,000 - 5
West Midlands - 24 £70,000 - 5
Wales - 6 £41,500 -
North of England +47 4 £80,000 +100.00% 1
South West - 3 £25,000 -
Yorkshire +20 2 - -
North West - 2 £80,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 12 December 2019, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 69 (93.24%) Linux
2 51 (68.92%) Penetration Testing
3 47 (63.51%) Nessus
4 40 (54.05%) Python
5 39 (52.70%) Metasploit
6 38 (51.35%) Cybersecurity
7 36 (48.65%) Nmap
8 28 (37.84%) Vulnerability Management
9 25 (33.78%) Security Operations
10 22 (29.73%) Finance
10 22 (29.73%) SIEM
11 21 (28.38%) Windows
12 20 (27.03%) Security Cleared
12 20 (27.03%) OSCP
13 19 (25.68%) Information Security
14 16 (21.62%) Firewall
14 16 (21.62%) Security Testing
14 16 (21.62%) Qualys
14 16 (21.62%) Wireshark
14 16 (21.62%) SDLC
15 15 (20.27%) Vulnerability Scanning
15 15 (20.27%) Kubernetes
15 15 (20.27%) CREST Certified
15 15 (20.27%) Computer Science
15 15 (20.27%) Test Automation
15 15 (20.27%) Java
16 14 (18.92%) JavaScript
16 14 (18.92%) C++
16 14 (18.92%) SAML
16 14 (18.92%) Stakeholder Management

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (2.70%) Exchange Server 2010
1 2 (2.70%) Exchange Server 2013
1 2 (2.70%) MS Exchange
2 1 (1.35%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 3 (4.05%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (1.35%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 14 (18.92%) AWS
1 14 (18.92%) GCP
2 12 (16.22%) Azure
3 4 (5.41%) AWS CloudFormation
4 2 (2.70%) Amazon CloudWatch
4 2 (2.70%) Office 365
5 1 (1.35%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 16 (21.62%) Firewall
1 16 (21.62%) Wireshark
2 10 (13.51%) TCP/IP
3 7 (9.46%) HTTP
3 7 (9.46%) HTTPS
3 7 (9.46%) Intrusion Detection
3 7 (9.46%) IPsec
3 7 (9.46%) Network Security
4 3 (4.05%) DHCP
4 3 (4.05%) DMZ
4 3 (4.05%) DNS
5 1 (1.35%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (10.81%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 39 (52.70%) Metasploit
2 14 (18.92%) Jenkins
2 14 (18.92%) Snyk
2 14 (18.92%) SonarQube
3 13 (17.57%) GitLab
4 10 (13.51%) Burp Suite
5 2 (2.70%) Git (software)
6 1 (1.35%) Artifactory
6 1 (1.35%) Cobertura
6 1 (1.35%) Gradle
6 1 (1.35%) JIRA
General
1 22 (29.73%) Finance
2 7 (9.46%) Banking
3 1 (1.35%) Games
3 1 (1.35%) Law
Job Titles
1 23 (31.08%) Tester
2 22 (29.73%) Penetration Tester
3 10 (13.51%) Analyst
3 10 (13.51%) DevSecOps Engineer
3 10 (13.51%) Security Engineer
4 8 (10.81%) Security Analyst
5 7 (9.46%) Senior Penetration Tester
5 7 (9.46%) Senior Tester
5 7 (9.46%) SOC Analyst
6 6 (8.11%) Operations Analyst
6 6 (8.11%) Security Operations Analyst
6 6 (8.11%) Senior Analyst
6 6 (8.11%) Senior Operations Analyst
6 6 (8.11%) Senior Security Analyst
7 5 (6.76%) Security Specialist
8 4 (5.41%) Cybersecurity Specialist
8 4 (5.41%) SIEM Specialist
9 3 (4.05%) Cybersecurity Engineer
9 3 (4.05%) DevOps Engineer
9 3 (4.05%) Lead DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (18.92%) OAuth
1 14 (18.92%) OpenID
1 14 (18.92%) SAML
2 7 (9.46%) Kafka
3 1 (1.35%) boto
3 1 (1.35%) Flash
Miscellaneous
1 12 (16.22%) Security Operations Centre
2 8 (10.81%) Management Information System
3 7 (9.46%) Cyber Kill Chain
3 7 (9.46%) Cyberthreat
3 7 (9.46%) PKI
4 6 (8.11%) Analytical Skills
5 4 (5.41%) Public Cloud
6 3 (4.05%) Greenfield Project
7 2 (2.70%) Data Centre
7 2 (2.70%) Replication
8 1 (1.35%) Blog
8 1 (1.35%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 69 (93.24%) Linux
2 21 (28.38%) Windows
3 7 (9.46%) Unix
4 4 (5.41%) Ubuntu
4 4 (5.41%) Windows Server
5 3 (4.05%) CentOS
5 3 (4.05%) Windows Server 2008
6 1 (1.35%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 51 (68.92%) Penetration Testing
2 38 (51.35%) Cybersecurity
3 28 (37.84%) Vulnerability Management
4 25 (33.78%) Security Operations
5 22 (29.73%) SIEM
6 19 (25.68%) Information Security
7 16 (21.62%) SDLC
7 16 (21.62%) Security Testing
8 15 (20.27%) Computer Science
8 15 (20.27%) Test Automation
8 15 (20.27%) Vulnerability Scanning
9 14 (18.92%) Manual Testing
9 14 (18.92%) Social Engineering
9 14 (18.92%) Stakeholder Management
10 13 (17.57%) Stakeholder Identification
11 11 (14.86%) DevSecOps
11 11 (14.86%) Identity Access Management
11 11 (14.86%) Incident Management
12 10 (13.51%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
12 10 (13.51%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 40 (54.05%) Python
2 15 (20.27%) Java
3 14 (18.92%) C++
3 14 (18.92%) Go
3 14 (18.92%) JavaScript
4 13 (17.57%) SQL
5 2 (2.70%) Bash Shell
5 2 (2.70%) Perl
5 2 (2.70%) PowerShell
6 1 (1.35%) C
6 1 (1.35%) PHP
6 1 (1.35%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 20 (27.03%) OSCP
1 20 (27.03%) Security Cleared
2 15 (20.27%) CREST Certified
3 14 (18.92%) CHECK Team Leader
3 14 (18.92%) CHECK Team Member
3 14 (18.92%) Tigerscheme
4 8 (10.81%) Degree
5 7 (9.46%) PhD
6 6 (8.11%) CISSP
7 4 (5.41%) SC Cleared
8 3 (4.05%) CEH
8 3 (4.05%) CompTIA Security+
8 3 (4.05%) GIAC
9 2 (2.70%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 2 (2.70%) AWS Certification
9 2 (2.70%) CHFI
9 2 (2.70%) CSSLP
9 2 (2.70%) ECIH
9 2 (2.70%) GCIH
9 2 (2.70%) OSCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (2.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
1 2 (2.70%) NIST
2 1 (1.35%) GDPR
2 1 (1.35%) ISO/IEC 17025
System Software
1 7 (9.46%) Docker
2 2 (2.70%) VMware Infrastructure
2 2 (2.70%) vSphere
2 2 (2.70%) XenApp
3 1 (1.35%) Active Directory
3 1 (1.35%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 47 (63.51%) Nessus
2 36 (48.65%) Nmap
3 15 (20.27%) Kubernetes
4 14 (18.92%) Sysdig
5 4 (5.41%) Mesos
5 4 (5.41%) Rancher
6 3 (4.05%) Docker Swarm
6 3 (4.05%) Terraform
6 3 (4.05%) WSUS
7 2 (2.70%) OpenVAS
7 2 (2.70%) SolarWinds Orion
8 1 (1.35%) EnCase
8 1 (1.35%) FTK
8 1 (1.35%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (1.35%) Puppet
8 1 (1.35%) QRadar
Vendors
1 16 (21.62%) Qualys
2 13 (17.57%) Splunk
3 7 (9.46%) Google
4 6 (8.11%) ArcSight
4 6 (8.11%) Microsoft
5 5 (6.76%) AlienVault
5 5 (6.76%) VMware
6 3 (4.05%) Cisco
6 3 (4.05%) Rapid7
7 2 (2.70%) Citrix
7 2 (2.70%) Dell
7 2 (2.70%) Dell Compellent
7 2 (2.70%) EqualLogic
7 2 (2.70%) LogRhythm
7 2 (2.70%) McAfee
7 2 (2.70%) SolarWinds
7 2 (2.70%) Sun
7 2 (2.70%) Veeam
8 1 (1.35%) Nuix
8 1 (1.35%) Oracle