Period
to 16 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 16 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1102 1162 1256
Rank change year-on-year +60 +94 +55
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 72 34 21
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.042% 0.019% 0.010%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.17% 0.079% 0.039%
Number of salaries quoted 53 23 22
UK median annual salary £53,000 £60,000 £37,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -11.67% +60.00% +57.89%
10th Percentile £38,350 £40,000 £26,300
90th Percentile £72,000 £74,500 £74,625
UK excluding London median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £37,500
% change year-on-year - +66.67% +50.00%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 42,147 43,176 54,162
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.30% 24.46% 26.16%
Number of salaries quoted 34,393 36,432 45,803
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £43,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +3.45% +2.35%
10th Percentile £24,750 £24,500 £24,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £39,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +1.27% -1.25% +6.67%

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 11 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +40 66 £53,000 -11.67% 7
London +39 39 £42,500 -5.56% 3
UK excluding London +22 22 £62,500 - 4
South East +16 10 £105,000 +68.00%
Midlands +19 4 £61,250 +63.33% 4
West Midlands +6 4 £61,250 +63.33% 4
South West +18 3 - -
North of England +1 2 £62,500 -
Northern Ireland - 2 £60,000 -
North West - 2 £62,500 -
Wales - 1 £60,000 -

For the 6 months to 16 January 2018, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 53 (73.61%) Nessus
2 49 (68.06%) Firewall
3 47 (65.28%) Metasploit
3 47 (65.28%) SIEM
4 46 (63.89%) Penetration Testing
5 41 (56.94%) Linux
5 41 (56.94%) CISSP
6 39 (54.17%) Information Security
7 36 (50.00%) Windows
7 36 (50.00%) Burp Suite
8 31 (43.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 29 (40.28%) Microsoft
9 29 (40.28%) Vulnerability Management
10 28 (38.89%) CREST Certified
11 27 (37.50%) Incident Management
12 26 (36.11%) Vulnerability Assessment
12 26 (36.11%) Cybersecurity
13 25 (34.72%) TCP/IP
14 24 (33.33%) Nmap
14 24 (33.33%) OSCP
15 23 (31.94%) Cisco Certification
15 23 (31.94%) CCNA
16 21 (29.17%) Finance
17 20 (27.78%) CISA
17 20 (27.78%) Wireless
17 20 (27.78%) Unix
17 20 (27.78%) GDPR
18 19 (26.39%) Vulnerability Scanning
18 19 (26.39%) Core Impact
19 18 (25.00%) CEH

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 4 (5.56%) Apache
1 4 (5.56%) Confluence
1 4 (5.56%) Exchange Server 2003
1 4 (5.56%) Exchange Server 2010
1 4 (5.56%) Exchange Server 2013
1 4 (5.56%) IIS
1 4 (5.56%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 1 (1.39%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (1.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 1 (1.39%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 4 (5.56%) Amazon AWS
1 4 (5.56%) Amazon S3
1 4 (5.56%) Microsoft Azure
2 2 (2.78%) IaaS
2 2 (2.78%) PaaS
3 1 (1.39%) GitHub
3 1 (1.39%) Google App Engine
3 1 (1.39%) Google Cloud Platform
3 1 (1.39%) Office 365
3 1 (1.39%) SaaS
3 1 (1.39%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 49 (68.06%) Firewall
2 25 (34.72%) TCP/IP
3 20 (27.78%) Wireless
4 12 (16.67%) Cisco ASA
5 10 (13.89%) VPN
6 8 (11.11%) Wireshark
7 7 (9.72%) SSL
8 6 (8.33%) Cisco ISE
8 6 (8.33%) Cisco Wireless
8 6 (8.33%) IPsec
8 6 (8.33%) OpenVPN
9 5 (6.94%) DHCP
9 5 (6.94%) DNS
9 5 (6.94%) WAN
10 4 (5.56%) BIG-IP
10 4 (5.56%) LAN
10 4 (5.56%) NetScaler
10 4 (5.56%) Network Security
10 4 (5.56%) SAN
10 4 (5.56%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1 (1.39%) Amazon RDS
1 1 (1.39%) Big Data
1 1 (1.39%) Ingres
1 1 (1.39%) MongoDB
1 1 (1.39%) MySQL
1 1 (1.39%) NoSQL
1 1 (1.39%) Oracle Exadata
1 1 (1.39%) PostgreSQL
1 1 (1.39%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 47 (65.28%) Metasploit
2 36 (50.00%) Burp Suite
3 6 (8.33%) Git (software)
4 5 (6.94%) AppScan
4 5 (6.94%) JIRA
5 4 (5.56%) TeamCity
5 4 (5.56%) Vagrant
6 3 (4.17%) Paros
7 2 (2.78%) SoapUI
8 1 (1.39%) Cucumber
8 1 (1.39%) GDB
8 1 (1.39%) Gerrit
8 1 (1.39%) IDA Disassembler
8 1 (1.39%) Jenkins
8 1 (1.39%) LoadUI
8 1 (1.39%) Mercurial
8 1 (1.39%) OllyDbg
8 1 (1.39%) sqlmap
8 1 (1.39%) Team Foundation Server
8 1 (1.39%) WinDbg
General
1 21 (29.17%) Finance
2 5 (6.94%) Law
3 2 (2.78%) Financial Institution
3 2 (2.78%) Telecoms
4 1 (1.39%) Dutch Language
4 1 (1.39%) Electronics
4 1 (1.39%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 20 (27.78%) Analyst
2 18 (25.00%) Consultant
2 18 (25.00%) Security Analyst
3 13 (18.06%) Security Consultant
4 11 (15.28%) Penetration Tester
4 11 (15.28%) Tester
5 10 (13.89%) Architect
6 8 (11.11%) SIEM Analyst
7 7 (9.72%) Security Architect
8 6 (8.33%) Firewall Analyst
8 6 (8.33%) IT Analyst
8 6 (8.33%) IT Security Analyst
9 5 (6.94%) Senior Analyst
10 4 (5.56%) Penetration Test Consultant
10 4 (5.56%) Senior Security Analyst
10 4 (5.56%) Senior Technical Analyst
10 4 (5.56%) Technical Analyst
10 4 (5.56%) Technical Security Analyst
10 4 (5.56%) Testing Consultant
11 3 (4.17%) Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3 (4.17%) JSON
1 3 (4.17%) Middleware
1 3 (4.17%) REST
1 3 (4.17%) XML
2 2 (2.78%) .NET
2 2 (2.78%) Ajax
2 2 (2.78%) HTML
2 2 (2.78%) SOAP
2 2 (2.78%) Web Services
3 1 (1.39%) 802.1X
3 1 (1.39%) ASP.NET
3 1 (1.39%) LAMP
3 1 (1.39%) LAPP Stack
3 1 (1.39%) OAuth
3 1 (1.39%) OpenID
3 1 (1.39%) POSIX
3 1 (1.39%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 13 (18.06%) Data Protection Act
2 8 (11.11%) Cyberattack
3 7 (9.72%) Computer Science
3 7 (9.72%) Linux Command Line
3 7 (9.72%) PKI
4 6 (8.33%) Mobile App
4 6 (8.33%) Security Operations Centre
5 5 (6.94%) Analytical Skills
5 5 (6.94%) Greenfield Project
5 5 (6.94%) Management Information System
6 2 (2.78%) Clustering
6 2 (2.78%) Data Centre
7 1 (1.39%) Hybrid Cloud
7 1 (1.39%) Replication
7 1 (1.39%) SCADA
7 1 (1.39%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 41 (56.94%) Linux
2 36 (50.00%) Windows
3 20 (27.78%) Unix
4 10 (13.89%) CentOS
4 10 (13.89%) Ubuntu
5 7 (9.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (8.33%) Debian
7 4 (5.56%) Windows 10
7 4 (5.56%) Windows 8
7 4 (5.56%) Windows Server
7 4 (5.56%) Windows Server 2003
7 4 (5.56%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (4.17%) Android
8 3 (4.17%) Apple iOS
9 1 (1.39%) Solaris
9 1 (1.39%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 47 (65.28%) SIEM
2 46 (63.89%) Penetration Testing
3 39 (54.17%) Information Security
4 29 (40.28%) Vulnerability Management
5 27 (37.50%) Incident Management
6 26 (36.11%) Cybersecurity
6 26 (36.11%) Vulnerability Assessment
7 19 (26.39%) Vulnerability Scanning
8 17 (23.61%) GAP Analysis
9 14 (19.44%) Social Engineering
10 13 (18.06%) Compliance Audit
10 13 (18.06%) Data Protection
11 12 (16.67%) OSINT
11 12 (16.67%) SDLC
11 12 (16.67%) Service Delivery
12 11 (15.28%) OWASP
12 11 (15.28%) Security Operations
13 7 (9.72%) Security Testing
14 6 (8.33%) Ethical Hacking
14 6 (8.33%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 11 (15.28%) Python
2 10 (13.89%) SQL
3 8 (11.11%) Bash Shell
3 8 (11.11%) C
3 8 (11.11%) Ruby
4 7 (9.72%) PowerShell
5 6 (8.33%) PHP
6 5 (6.94%) Java
7 4 (5.56%) C#
7 4 (5.56%) C++
8 3 (4.17%) Perl
9 2 (2.78%) JavaScript
9 2 (2.78%) Objective-C
10 1 (1.39%) Groovy
10 1 (1.39%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 41 (56.94%) CISSP
2 28 (38.89%) CREST Certified
3 24 (33.33%) OSCP
4 23 (31.94%) CCNA
4 23 (31.94%) Cisco Certification
5 20 (27.78%) CISA
6 18 (25.00%) CEH
7 15 (20.83%) Security Cleared
8 14 (19.44%) CISM
9 13 (18.06%) SANS
9 13 (18.06%) SSCP
10 11 (15.28%) CCSP
11 10 (13.89%) Degree
11 10 (13.89%) SC Cleared
12 8 (11.11%) GIAC
13 6 (8.33%) CCSA
13 6 (8.33%) JNCIA
13 6 (8.33%) Linux+ Certification
13 6 (8.33%) RHCA
13 6 (8.33%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (43.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 20 (27.78%) GDPR
3 10 (13.89%) PCI DSS
4 3 (4.17%) COBIT
4 3 (4.17%) GPG13
4 3 (4.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 1 (1.39%) Cyber Essentials
5 1 (1.39%) NIST 800
5 1 (1.39%) QA
5 1 (1.39%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 15 (20.83%) Active Directory
2 12 (16.67%) Snort
3 6 (8.33%) pfSense
4 5 (6.94%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (5.56%) Hyper-V
5 4 (5.56%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (2.78%) Docker
7 1 (1.39%) GlusterFS
7 1 (1.39%) XenDesktop
7 1 (1.39%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 53 (73.61%) Nessus
2 24 (33.33%) Nmap
3 19 (26.39%) Core Impact
4 7 (9.72%) FortiGate
5 6 (8.33%) OpenVAS
5 6 (8.33%) OSSEC
6 5 (6.94%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (5.56%) Ansible
7 4 (5.56%) Backup Exec
7 4 (5.56%) McAfee ePO
7 4 (5.56%) Nagios
7 4 (5.56%) NetBackup
7 4 (5.56%) Puppet
7 4 (5.56%) SCCM
7 4 (5.56%) SCOM
8 3 (4.17%) EnCase
8 3 (4.17%) Nexpose
8 3 (4.17%) WebInspect
9 2 (2.78%) HP Fortify
9 2 (2.78%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 29 (40.28%) Microsoft
2 14 (19.44%) Cisco
3 13 (18.06%) Citrix
3 13 (18.06%) Palo Alto
4 11 (15.28%) Juniper
5 10 (13.89%) F5
5 10 (13.89%) LogRhythm
5 10 (13.89%) McAfee
5 10 (13.89%) Red Hat
6 9 (12.50%) AlienVault
6 9 (12.50%) Splunk
7 8 (11.11%) HP
8 7 (9.72%) CheckPoint
8 7 (9.72%) VMware
9 6 (8.33%) Aruba
9 6 (8.33%) Fortinet
9 6 (8.33%) Interwoven
9 6 (8.33%) SonicWALL
9 6 (8.33%) Sourcefire
9 6 (8.33%) WatchGuard