Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1080 1127 1197
Rank change year-on-year +47 +70 +76
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 59 72 45
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.037% 0.040% 0.024%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.16% 0.16% 0.098%
Number of salaries quoted 32 47 36
UK median annual salary £45,000 £53,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -15.09% -11.67% +60.00%
10th Percentile £40,000 £34,900 £40,000
90th Percentile £72,500 £85,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £60,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year -33.33% -4.00% +66.67%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 36,961 43,922 45,980
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.17% 24.48% 24.69%
Number of salaries quoted 29,677 35,535 38,985
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%
10th Percentile £25,500 £25,000 £24,750
90th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £41,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.75% - -

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 8 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +75 59 £45,000 -15.09% 11
London +63 32 £45,000 +2.86% 4
UK excluding London +85 27 £40,000 -33.33% 7
East of England +54 20 - -
North of England +30 6 £40,000 -36.00% 4
Yorkshire - 6 £40,000 -
Midlands +31 1 - -
East Midlands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 50 (84.75%) SIEM
2 45 (76.27%) Penetration Testing
3 44 (74.58%) Metasploit
4 43 (72.88%) Nessus
5 34 (57.63%) CEH
6 33 (55.93%) Security Operations
7 30 (50.85%) Linux
7 30 (50.85%) Python
8 29 (49.15%) CISSP
8 29 (49.15%) Qualys
9 28 (47.46%) Firewall
10 27 (45.76%) Amazon AWS
11 26 (44.07%) Nmap
12 24 (40.68%) Vulnerability Management
12 24 (40.68%) Splunk
12 24 (40.68%) SANS
13 23 (38.98%) Open Source
14 22 (37.29%) Cybersecurity
14 22 (37.29%) GIAC
15 21 (35.59%) Vulnerability Assessment
15 21 (35.59%) SQL
16 20 (33.90%) Information Security
16 20 (33.90%) QRadar
17 18 (30.51%) Identity Access Management
17 18 (30.51%) Security Architecture
17 18 (30.51%) Management Information System
17 18 (30.51%) Cisco
17 18 (30.51%) SSCP
18 17 (28.81%) Agile Software Development
18 17 (28.81%) Digital Forensics

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (10.17%) SharePoint
1 6 (10.17%) Skype for Business
2 5 (8.47%) Apache
2 5 (8.47%) IIS
Cloud Services
1 27 (45.76%) Amazon AWS
2 14 (23.73%) Google Cloud Platform
3 6 (10.17%) Microsoft Azure
4 5 (8.47%) Cloud Computing
5 3 (5.08%) Mimecast
6 2 (3.39%) Office 365
6 2 (3.39%) OpenDNS
6 2 (3.39%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 28 (47.46%) Firewall
2 11 (18.64%) Wireless
2 11 (18.64%) Wireshark
3 10 (16.95%) Intrusion Detection
4 8 (13.56%) DHCP
4 8 (13.56%) DNS
4 8 (13.56%) HTTP
5 7 (11.86%) VPN
6 6 (10.17%) Internet
7 5 (8.47%) ICMP
7 5 (8.47%) SNMP
7 5 (8.47%) TCP/IP
8 3 (5.08%) FTP
8 3 (5.08%) LAN
8 3 (5.08%) SSL
8 3 (5.08%) WAN
9 2 (3.39%) BGP
9 2 (3.39%) EIGRP
9 2 (3.39%) Network Security
9 2 (3.39%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6 (10.17%) Data Warehouse
2 2 (3.39%) Big Data
Development Applications
1 44 (74.58%) Metasploit
2 4 (6.78%) Burp Suite
3 2 (3.39%) Paros
4 1 (1.69%) AppScan
General
1 13 (22.03%) Retail
2 4 (6.78%) Finance
3 3 (5.08%) Telecoms
4 2 (3.39%) Electronics
4 2 (3.39%) Manufacturing
4 2 (3.39%) Marketing
5 1 (1.69%) Legal
Job Titles
1 32 (54.24%) Security Engineer
2 13 (22.03%) Analyst
2 13 (22.03%) Operations Engineer
3 12 (20.34%) Vulnerability Management Engineer
4 10 (16.95%) Penetration Tester
4 10 (16.95%) Tester
5 8 (13.56%) Security Analyst
6 7 (11.86%) Malware Engineer
6 7 (11.86%) SIEM Engineer
7 5 (8.47%) SOC Analyst
8 2 (3.39%) Auditor
8 2 (3.39%) CISSP Analyst
8 2 (3.39%) Ethical Hacker
8 2 (3.39%) Information Security Engineer
8 2 (3.39%) IT Infrastructure Auditor
8 2 (3.39%) IT Security Auditor
8 2 (3.39%) Security Auditor
8 2 (3.39%) Senior Auditor
8 2 (3.39%) Senior IT Auditor
8 2 (3.39%) SIEM Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 12 (20.34%) Web Services
2 6 (10.17%) Elastic Stack
3 2 (3.39%) Middleware
4 1 (1.69%) .NET
4 1 (1.69%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 18 (30.51%) Management Information System
2 17 (28.81%) Security Operations Centre
3 11 (18.64%) Analytical Skills
4 6 (10.17%) Analytical Mindset
4 6 (10.17%) NHS
5 5 (8.47%) Cyber Kill Chain
5 5 (8.47%) Data Centre
5 5 (8.47%) Enterprise Software
5 5 (8.47%) Linux Command Line
6 3 (5.08%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (3.39%) Mainframe
8 1 (1.69%) Cyber Defence
8 1 (1.69%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 30 (50.85%) Linux
2 10 (16.95%) Windows
3 6 (10.17%) VMS
4 5 (8.47%) Mac OS X
5 2 (3.39%) Android
5 2 (3.39%) Apple iOS
5 2 (3.39%) Unix
5 2 (3.39%) Windows Server
6 1 (1.69%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 50 (84.75%) SIEM
2 45 (76.27%) Penetration Testing
3 33 (55.93%) Security Operations
4 24 (40.68%) Vulnerability Management
5 23 (38.98%) Open Source
6 22 (37.29%) Cybersecurity
7 21 (35.59%) Vulnerability Assessment
8 20 (33.90%) Information Security
9 18 (30.51%) Identity Access Management
9 18 (30.51%) Security Architecture
10 17 (28.81%) Agile Software Development
10 17 (28.81%) Application Performance Monitoring
10 17 (28.81%) DevOps
10 17 (28.81%) Digital Forensics
10 17 (28.81%) Performance Monitoring
11 16 (27.12%) Malware Analysis
12 15 (25.42%) Problem-Solving
13 12 (20.34%) Continuous Improvement
13 12 (20.34%) Secure Coding
13 12 (20.34%) Threat Modelling
Programming Languages
1 30 (50.85%) Python
2 21 (35.59%) SQL
3 16 (27.12%) Perl
3 16 (27.12%) PowerShell
4 15 (25.42%) Ruby
5 13 (22.03%) Go
5 13 (22.03%) PHP
6 12 (20.34%) C
6 12 (20.34%) C++
7 9 (15.25%) C#
7 9 (15.25%) VB
8 8 (13.56%) Java
9 7 (11.86%) Shell Script
10 6 (10.17%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 34 (57.63%) CEH
2 29 (49.15%) CISSP
3 24 (40.68%) SANS
4 22 (37.29%) GIAC
5 18 (30.51%) SSCP
6 17 (28.81%) CompTIA Security+
7 15 (25.42%) CISM
7 15 (25.42%) GCIH
8 14 (23.73%) CISA
8 14 (23.73%) Cisco Certification
8 14 (23.73%) Degree
9 12 (20.34%) CSSLP
9 12 (20.34%) OSCP
10 8 (13.56%) CCNA
10 8 (13.56%) GCIA
10 8 (13.56%) GSEC
11 7 (11.86%) OSCE
12 6 (10.17%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 6 (10.17%) DBS Check
12 6 (10.17%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (18.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 8 (13.56%) PCI DSS
3 6 (10.17%) PMO
4 4 (6.78%) GDPR
5 3 (5.08%) Cyber Essentials
5 3 (5.08%) HIPAA
5 3 (5.08%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 13 (22.03%) Snort
2 11 (18.64%) Active Directory
3 2 (3.39%) Squid
Systems Management
1 43 (72.88%) Nessus
2 26 (44.07%) Nmap
3 20 (33.90%) QRadar
4 13 (22.03%) Nexpose
5 11 (18.64%) EnCase
5 11 (18.64%) Suricata
6 9 (15.25%) FTK
7 6 (10.17%) OpenVAS
8 1 (1.69%) AirWatch
8 1 (1.69%) HP Fortify
8 1 (1.69%) Nagios
8 1 (1.69%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 29 (49.15%) Qualys
2 24 (40.68%) Splunk
3 18 (30.51%) Cisco
4 17 (28.81%) LogRhythm
5 12 (20.34%) ArcSight
5 12 (20.34%) CheckPoint
5 12 (20.34%) Microsoft
5 12 (20.34%) Netsparker
6 11 (18.64%) CyberArk
6 11 (18.64%) Symantec
7 10 (16.95%) Forcepoint
7 10 (16.95%) Palo Alto
8 9 (15.25%) Bomgar
8 9 (15.25%) FireEye
8 9 (15.25%) Google
8 9 (15.25%) McAfee
8 9 (15.25%) NetWitness
8 9 (15.25%) ServiceNow
8 9 (15.25%) Thycotic
8 9 (15.25%) Trend Micro