Period
to 23 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 23 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
23 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 936 1066 1158
Rank change year-on-year +130 +92 +8
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 84 51 68
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.069% 0.034% 0.039%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.31% 0.15% 0.16%
Number of salaries quoted 70 34 54
UK median annual salary £70,000 £45,000 £51,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +55.56% -12.62% -14.17%
10th Percentile £46,125 £38,250 £38,400
90th Percentile £95,000 £72,500 £65,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £56,500 £40,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +41.25% -36.00% +4.17%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 26,887 34,814 42,618
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.07% 23.14% 24.19%
Number of salaries quoted 21,586 27,985 35,009
UK median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +3.45%
10th Percentile £25,500 £25,750 £25,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% +2.56%

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 11 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 23 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +140 78 £70,000 +55.56% 7
UK excluding London +121 47 £56,500 +41.25% 4
London +73 36 £85,000 +88.89% 3
Midlands +55 27 £70,000 - 3
West Midlands - 27 £70,000 - 3
North of England +73 11 £50,000 +25.00%
Yorkshire +46 5 £55,000 +37.50%
Wales +5 5 £47,500 -
North East - 5 £50,000 -
South West +43 4 £58,000 +146.81%
North West +50 1 £115,000 +178.79%

For the 6 months to 23 February 2020, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 74 (88.10%) Linux
2 70 (83.33%) Penetration Testing
3 56 (66.67%) Nessus
4 52 (61.90%) Metasploit
5 51 (60.71%) Cybersecurity
6 49 (58.33%) Python
7 44 (52.38%) Nmap
8 34 (40.48%) OSCP
9 33 (39.29%) Vulnerability Management
10 30 (35.71%) Windows
11 29 (34.52%) Security Cleared
12 27 (32.14%) Security Testing
12 27 (32.14%) SIEM
13 25 (29.76%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
13 25 (29.76%) Threat Intelligence
14 24 (28.57%) Finance
15 23 (27.38%) Information Security
15 23 (27.38%) Java
15 23 (27.38%) Qualys
15 23 (27.38%) CREST Certified
15 23 (27.38%) Social Engineering
16 22 (26.19%) Go
17 21 (25.00%) Computer Science
17 21 (25.00%) Test Automation
18 20 (23.81%) Firewall
18 20 (23.81%) SDLC
18 20 (23.81%) Burp Suite
18 20 (23.81%) CHECK Team Leader
18 20 (23.81%) CHECK Team Member
18 20 (23.81%) Tigerscheme

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (2.38%) Exchange Server 2010
1 2 (2.38%) Exchange Server 2013
1 2 (2.38%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 3 (3.57%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 19 (22.62%) Azure
2 16 (19.05%) AWS
3 15 (17.86%) GCP
4 3 (3.57%) IaaS
4 3 (3.57%) PaaS
5 2 (2.38%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 2 (2.38%) Office 365
6 1 (1.19%) AWS CloudFormation
6 1 (1.19%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 20 (23.81%) Firewall
2 14 (16.67%) HTTP
3 12 (14.29%) VPN
4 10 (11.90%) Network Security
4 10 (11.90%) Wireshark
5 9 (10.71%) TCP/IP
6 7 (8.33%) 802.11
6 7 (8.33%) HTTPS
6 7 (8.33%) Intrusion Detection
6 7 (8.33%) IPsec
6 7 (8.33%) SNMP
7 3 (3.57%) DMZ
8 2 (2.38%) DHCP
8 2 (2.38%) DNS
9 1 (1.19%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2 (2.38%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 52 (61.90%) Metasploit
2 20 (23.81%) Burp Suite
3 15 (17.86%) GitLab
3 15 (17.86%) Jenkins
3 15 (17.86%) Snyk
3 15 (17.86%) SonarQube
4 1 (1.19%) Git (software)
4 1 (1.19%) JIRA
General
1 24 (28.57%) Finance
2 11 (13.10%) Banking
3 3 (3.57%) Retail Banking
4 1 (1.19%) Games
Job Titles
1 29 (34.52%) Tester
2 28 (33.33%) Penetration Tester
3 16 (19.05%) Analyst
4 14 (16.67%) DevSecOps Engineer
5 13 (15.48%) SOC Analyst
6 12 (14.29%) Security Analyst
7 10 (11.90%) Security Engineer
8 8 (9.52%) Security Specialist
9 5 (5.95%) DevOps Engineer
9 5 (5.95%) Network Engineer
9 5 (5.95%) Network Security Engineer
10 4 (4.76%) Cybersecurity Specialist
10 4 (4.76%) Infrastructure Tester
10 4 (4.76%) Mobile Tester
10 4 (4.76%) Senior Penetration Tester
10 4 (4.76%) Senior Tester
10 4 (4.76%) SIEM Specialist
10 4 (4.76%) Web Tester
11 3 (3.57%) Information Security Specialist
11 3 (3.57%) Senior Security Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (17.86%) OAuth
1 15 (17.86%) OpenID
1 15 (17.86%) SAML
2 11 (13.10%) Kafka
3 7 (8.33%) 802.1X
Miscellaneous
1 16 (19.05%) Cyberthreat
2 13 (15.48%) Management Information System
3 11 (13.10%) PKI
4 7 (8.33%) Cyber Kill Chain
4 7 (8.33%) Self-Motivation
5 5 (5.95%) Analytical Skills
6 4 (4.76%) SCADA
7 3 (3.57%) Greenfield Project
7 3 (3.57%) Public Cloud
7 3 (3.57%) Security Operations Centre
8 2 (2.38%) Data Centre
8 2 (2.38%) Replication
9 1 (1.19%) Blog
9 1 (1.19%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 74 (88.10%) Linux
2 30 (35.71%) Windows
3 14 (16.67%) Unix
4 7 (8.33%) Windows Server
5 2 (2.38%) CentOS
5 2 (2.38%) Ubuntu
5 2 (2.38%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 70 (83.33%) Penetration Testing
2 51 (60.71%) Cybersecurity
3 33 (39.29%) Vulnerability Management
4 27 (32.14%) Security Testing
4 27 (32.14%) SIEM
5 25 (29.76%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
5 25 (29.76%) Threat Intelligence
6 23 (27.38%) Information Security
6 23 (27.38%) Social Engineering
7 21 (25.00%) Computer Science
7 21 (25.00%) Test Automation
8 20 (23.81%) SDLC
9 16 (19.05%) Manual Testing
10 15 (17.86%) Vulnerability Scanning
11 14 (16.67%) Agile Software Development
11 14 (16.67%) Analytics
11 14 (16.67%) DevSecOps
12 13 (15.48%) Security Operations
13 12 (14.29%) Software Engineering
13 12 (14.29%) Threat Modelling
Programming Languages
1 49 (58.33%) Python
2 23 (27.38%) Java
3 22 (26.19%) Go
4 15 (17.86%) C++
4 15 (17.86%) JavaScript
5 14 (16.67%) Ruby
6 9 (10.71%) PowerShell
7 8 (9.52%) Bash Shell
7 8 (9.52%) C
7 8 (9.52%) Perl
8 7 (8.33%) C#
8 7 (8.33%) Lua
8 7 (8.33%) PHP
9 5 (5.95%) SQL
Qualifications
1 34 (40.48%) OSCP
2 29 (34.52%) Security Cleared
3 23 (27.38%) CREST Certified
4 20 (23.81%) CHECK Team Leader
4 20 (23.81%) CHECK Team Member
4 20 (23.81%) Tigerscheme
5 15 (17.86%) CISSP
6 14 (16.67%) CEH
7 12 (14.29%) Degree
8 11 (13.10%) PhD
9 9 (10.71%) Cisco Certification
10 7 (8.33%) CESG Certified Professional
10 7 (8.33%) GPEN
11 6 (7.14%) CISM
11 6 (7.14%) SANS
11 6 (7.14%) SC Cleared
12 5 (5.95%) CCSA
12 5 (5.95%) CCSE
12 5 (5.95%) JNCIA
12 5 (5.95%) JNCIS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (8.33%) QA
2 3 (3.57%) PCI DSS
3 1 (1.19%) GDPR
3 1 (1.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (1.19%) NIST
System Software
1 6 (7.14%) Active Directory
2 4 (4.76%) Docker
3 2 (2.38%) XenApp
4 1 (1.19%) VMware ESXi
4 1 (1.19%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 56 (66.67%) Nessus
2 44 (52.38%) Nmap
3 15 (17.86%) Kubernetes
3 15 (17.86%) Sysdig
4 3 (3.57%) Docker Swarm
4 3 (3.57%) Mesos
4 3 (3.57%) Rancher
5 2 (2.38%) Host Intrusion Detection System
5 2 (2.38%) SolarWinds Orion
5 2 (2.38%) WSUS
6 1 (1.19%) OpenVAS
6 1 (1.19%) Terraform
Vendors
1 23 (27.38%) Qualys
2 11 (13.10%) Google
3 8 (9.52%) Cisco
3 8 (9.52%) Microsoft
4 7 (8.33%) Netsparker
4 7 (8.33%) Splunk
5 5 (5.95%) CheckPoint
5 5 (5.95%) Fortinet
5 5 (5.95%) Juniper
5 5 (5.95%) Palo Alto
6 3 (3.57%) AlienVault
6 3 (3.57%) VMware
7 2 (2.38%) Dell
7 2 (2.38%) Dell Compellent
7 2 (2.38%) EqualLogic
7 2 (2.38%) McAfee
7 2 (2.38%) Rapid7
7 2 (2.38%) SolarWinds
7 2 (2.38%) Sun
7 2 (2.38%) Veeam