Period
to 19 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 19 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
19 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 1004 764 963
Rank change year-on-year -240 +199 +129
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 56 12 83
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.044% 0.019% 0.067%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.24% 0.093% 0.30%
Number of salaries quoted 23 5 70
10th Percentile £52,000 £43,750 £46,125
25th Percentile £65,000 £49,750 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% -7.14% +55.56%
75th Percentile £78,125 £75,000 £84,375
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,500 £112,625
UK excluding London median annual salary £70,000 £51,500 £62,500
% change year-on-year +35.92% -17.60% +56.25%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 23,615 12,934 27,906
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.41% 20.63% 22.41%
Number of salaries quoted 16,025 10,701 22,626
10th Percentile £26,250 £27,500 £25,000
25th Percentile £35,000 £36,250 £31,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year - +11.11% -5.26%
75th Percentile £70,000 £65,000 £63,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £41,000
% change year-on-year - +9.76% -2.38%

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 19 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 5 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 19 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -232 49 £70,000 +7.69% 7
London -199 41 £70,000 -15.15% 7
South East -118 8 £70,000 +7.69%
UK excluding London -194 8 £70,000 +35.92%
Work from Home -198 6 £72,500 +55.91%

For the 6 months to 19 January 2022, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 41 (73.21%) Linux
2 38 (67.86%) Penetration Testing
3 36 (64.29%) Burp Suite
4 30 (53.57%) Cybersecurity
4 30 (53.57%) Azure
5 25 (44.64%) OSCP
5 25 (44.64%) CI/CD
6 22 (39.29%) AWS
6 22 (39.29%) Vulnerability Assessment
6 22 (39.29%) Information Security
7 21 (37.50%) Security Testing
7 21 (37.50%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
7 21 (37.50%) Threat Intelligence
8 20 (35.71%) CISSP
9 19 (33.93%) Finance
9 19 (33.93%) OWASP
10 18 (32.14%) PCI DSS
10 18 (32.14%) GDPR
11 17 (30.36%) Serverless
11 17 (30.36%) Cloud Native
11 17 (30.36%) Python
12 16 (28.57%) Firewall
13 15 (26.79%) C#
13 15 (26.79%) Microsoft 365
13 15 (26.79%) DevOps
14 14 (25.00%) Agile Software Development
15 12 (21.43%) Mobile App
15 12 (21.43%) Threat Modelling
15 12 (21.43%) NIST
16 10 (17.86%) Amazon GuardDuty

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (16.07%) Apache Spark
2 6 (10.71%) SharePoint
Applications
1 2 (3.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Cloud Services
1 30 (53.57%) Azure
2 22 (39.29%) AWS
3 17 (30.36%) Serverless
4 15 (26.79%) Microsoft 365
5 10 (17.86%) Amazon GuardDuty
6 9 (16.07%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 9 (16.07%) Amazon EMR
6 9 (16.07%) Amazon S3
6 9 (16.07%) AWS CloudTrail
6 9 (16.07%) AWS KMS
7 8 (14.29%) PaaS
8 7 (12.50%) Power Platform
9 4 (7.14%) BlazeMeter
10 3 (5.36%) Azure Sentinel
11 2 (3.57%) Datadog
11 2 (3.57%) GCP
11 2 (3.57%) Mimecast
11 2 (3.57%) OpenDNS
Communications & Networking
1 16 (28.57%) Firewall
2 7 (12.50%) DNS
3 6 (10.71%) Cisco Firepower
3 6 (10.71%) DHCP
3 6 (10.71%) NAS
3 6 (10.71%) VLAN
4 5 (8.93%) SAN
5 4 (7.14%) Wireless
6 3 (5.36%) Wireshark
7 2 (3.57%) Intrusion Detection
7 2 (3.57%) Network Security
8 1 (1.79%) HTTP
8 1 (1.79%) IPv6
8 1 (1.79%) tcpdump
8 1 (1.79%) VoIP
8 1 (1.79%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (16.07%) Data Lake
1 9 (16.07%) Dremio
2 7 (12.50%) Power BI
3 1 (1.79%) Oracle Database
3 1 (1.79%) RDBMS
3 1 (1.79%) Relational Database
3 1 (1.79%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 36 (64.29%) Burp Suite
2 10 (17.86%) Metasploit
3 8 (14.29%) Emacs
4 4 (7.14%) Gatling
4 4 (7.14%) JMeter
4 4 (7.14%) LoadRunner
4 4 (7.14%) WebLOAD
5 1 (1.79%) SoapUI
General
1 19 (33.93%) Finance
2 10 (17.86%) Social Skills
3 8 (14.29%) Marketing
4 4 (7.14%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 3 (5.36%) Legal
6 2 (3.57%) Electronics
6 2 (3.57%) Manufacturing
6 2 (3.57%) Public Sector
6 2 (3.57%) Telecoms
7 1 (1.79%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 9 (16.07%) AWS Engineer
1 9 (16.07%) Cloud Engineer
1 9 (16.07%) Security Engineer
2 8 (14.29%) Analyst
2 8 (14.29%) Applications Architect
2 8 (14.29%) Architect
2 8 (14.29%) Security Architect
3 7 (12.50%) Security Specialist
4 6 (10.71%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 6 (10.71%) Tester
5 4 (7.14%) Cyber Threat Intelligence Analyst
5 4 (7.14%) Cyberthreat Analyst
5 4 (7.14%) Non-Functional Tester
5 4 (7.14%) Security Analyst
5 4 (7.14%) Threat Intelligence Analyst
6 2 (3.57%) Cybersecurity Manager
6 2 (3.57%) Security Manager
6 2 (3.57%) Security Operations Analyst
6 2 (3.57%) Senior Operations Analyst
6 2 (3.57%) Testing Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9 (16.07%) Kafka
2 8 (14.29%) .NET
2 8 (14.29%) OAuth
2 8 (14.29%) OpenID
3 1 (1.79%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 17 (30.36%) Cloud Native
2 12 (21.43%) Mobile App
3 9 (16.07%) Hybrid Cloud
4 7 (12.50%) Cyberthreat
5 6 (10.71%) Cyber Defence
5 6 (10.71%) SCADA
6 4 (7.14%) Cyberattack
6 4 (7.14%) RSA SecurID
7 2 (3.57%) Cybercrime
7 2 (3.57%) Linux Command Line
7 2 (3.57%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (3.57%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 41 (73.21%) Linux
2 8 (14.29%) Ubuntu
3 5 (8.93%) Windows
4 2 (3.57%) Android
4 2 (3.57%) Apple iOS
5 1 (1.79%) Debian
5 1 (1.79%) Solaris
5 1 (1.79%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 38 (67.86%) Penetration Testing
2 30 (53.57%) Cybersecurity
3 25 (44.64%) CI/CD
4 22 (39.29%) Information Security
4 22 (39.29%) Vulnerability Assessment
5 21 (37.50%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
5 21 (37.50%) Security Testing
5 21 (37.50%) Threat Intelligence
6 19 (33.93%) OWASP
7 15 (26.79%) DevOps
8 14 (25.00%) Agile Software Development
9 12 (21.43%) Threat Modelling
10 10 (17.86%) Network Management
10 10 (17.86%) Non-Functional Testing
11 9 (16.07%) Application Security
11 9 (16.07%) Data Protection
11 9 (16.07%) Data Security
11 9 (16.07%) Dynamic Application Security Testing
11 9 (16.07%) Security Architecture
11 9 (16.07%) Static Application Security Testing
Programming Languages
1 17 (30.36%) Python
2 15 (26.79%) C#
3 9 (16.07%) Scala
4 8 (14.29%) JavaScript
4 8 (14.29%) PowerShell
4 8 (14.29%) TypeScript
5 4 (7.14%) C
5 4 (7.14%) C++
6 3 (5.36%) Java
7 2 (3.57%) SQL
7 2 (3.57%) VB
8 1 (1.79%) Bash
8 1 (1.79%) Go
8 1 (1.79%) Perl
8 1 (1.79%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 25 (44.64%) OSCP
2 20 (35.71%) CISSP
3 9 (16.07%) AWS Certification
4 7 (12.50%) OSCE
5 6 (10.71%) CEH
6 5 (8.93%) CREST Certified
7 3 (5.36%) CISA
8 2 (3.57%) Cisco Certification
8 2 (3.57%) CISM
8 2 (3.57%) MCSA
8 2 (3.57%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (1.79%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 1 (1.79%) CCNA
9 1 (1.79%) CCSP
9 1 (1.79%) GIAC
9 1 (1.79%) GISF
9 1 (1.79%) GXPN
9 1 (1.79%) SC Cleared
9 1 (1.79%) Security Cleared
9 1 (1.79%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (32.14%) GDPR
1 18 (32.14%) PCI DSS
2 12 (21.43%) NIST
3 10 (17.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (12.50%) HIPAA
5 1 (1.79%) QA
System Software
1 9 (16.07%) Active Directory
2 6 (10.71%) VMware ESXi
2 6 (10.71%) vSphere
3 4 (7.14%) BitLocker
4 2 (3.57%) Snort
4 2 (3.57%) Squid
4 2 (3.57%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (1.79%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 9 (16.07%) Kubernetes
2 7 (12.50%) Nessus
3 6 (10.71%) Nagios
3 6 (10.71%) vCenter Server
4 5 (8.93%) Nmap
5 2 (3.57%) EnCase
5 2 (3.57%) Nexpose
5 2 (3.57%) Norton AntiVirus
5 2 (3.57%) Suricata
6 1 (1.79%) HP Fortify
6 1 (1.79%) OpenVAS
6 1 (1.79%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 10 (17.86%) Cisco
1 10 (17.86%) Microsoft
2 8 (14.29%) SolarWinds
3 7 (12.50%) Qualys
3 7 (12.50%) Splunk
4 6 (10.71%) Dell
4 6 (10.71%) HP
4 6 (10.71%) Symantec
4 6 (10.71%) VMware
5 5 (8.93%) ArcSight
6 4 (7.14%) AppDynamics
6 4 (7.14%) New Relic
7 2 (3.57%) Carbon Black
7 2 (3.57%) CrowdStrike
7 2 (3.57%) FireEye
7 2 (3.57%) LogRhythm
7 2 (3.57%) Palo Alto
7 2 (3.57%) Proofpoint
7 2 (3.57%) Sophos
7 2 (3.57%) Zscaler