Period
to 22 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 22 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 1104 1174 1278
Rank change year-on-year +70 +104 +47
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 70 57 31
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.040% 0.029% 0.014%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.16% 0.12% 0.053%
Number of salaries quoted 50 48 34
UK median annual salary £50,000 £57,500 £37,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -13.04% +53.33% -43.40%
10th Percentile £31,700 £32,125 £30,125
90th Percentile £76,375 £83,000 £53,525
UK excluding London median annual salary £33,500 £57,500 £37,500
% change year-on-year -41.74% +53.33% -21.05%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 44003 48729 58303
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.94% 25.12% 26.39%
Number of salaries quoted 35538 41560 49117
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £43,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.65% +2.38%
10th Percentile £25,000 £24,750 £24,500
90th Percentile £73,750 £72,500 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £39,000
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +4.00%

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 22 September 2017.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 9 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +88 68 £50,000 -13.04% 2
London +61 46 £60,250 +4.78% 1
UK excluding London +38 22 £33,500 -41.74% 1
South East +39 13 £32,500 -45.83%
Midlands +37 4 £62,500 +66.67%
West Midlands +19 4 £62,500 +66.67%
East of England +11 4 £33,500 -
North of England -7 1 £32,500 -45.83% 1
North West - 1 £32,500 - 1

For the 6 months to 22 September 2017, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 54 (77.14%) Linux
2 53 (75.71%) Firewall
3 46 (65.71%) SIEM
4 38 (54.29%) Nessus
5 35 (50.00%) Cisco
6 34 (48.57%) CEH
6 34 (48.57%) Vulnerability Management
7 33 (47.14%) Windows
8 32 (45.71%) Information Security
9 31 (44.29%) Metasploit
10 30 (42.86%) Open Source
10 30 (42.86%) LogRhythm
11 28 (40.00%) Nmap
12 27 (38.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 26 (37.14%) VPN
14 25 (35.71%) Wireless
14 25 (35.71%) Network Security
14 25 (35.71%) Palo Alto
15 24 (34.29%) PCI DSS
15 24 (34.29%) Snort
15 24 (34.29%) CISSP
16 22 (31.43%) Vulnerability Assessment
16 22 (31.43%) PowerShell
16 22 (31.43%) AlienVault
17 21 (30.00%) Nexpose
17 21 (30.00%) EnCase
17 21 (30.00%) Forensic Analysis
17 21 (30.00%) Rapid7
17 21 (30.00%) Analytics
17 21 (30.00%) Penetration Testing

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 4 (5.71%) MS Exchange
2 2 (2.86%) IIS
Applications
1 4 (5.71%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (4.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (4.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 3 (4.29%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (4.29%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 6 (8.57%) Office 365
2 3 (4.29%) Mimecast
3 1 (1.43%) Amazon AWS
3 1 (1.43%) GitHub
3 1 (1.43%) Microsoft Azure
Communications & Networking
1 53 (75.71%) Firewall
2 26 (37.14%) VPN
3 25 (35.71%) Network Security
3 25 (35.71%) Wireless
4 19 (27.14%) Internet
5 16 (22.86%) IPsec
6 15 (21.43%) DNS
7 14 (20.00%) Cisco ASA
7 14 (20.00%) DHCP
8 13 (18.57%) BGP
8 13 (18.57%) OSPF
9 12 (17.14%) EIGRP
9 12 (17.14%) SSL
10 11 (15.71%) TCP/IP
11 9 (12.86%) Cisco ISE
12 6 (8.57%) HTTP
13 5 (7.14%) Cisco Wireless
13 5 (7.14%) HTTPS
13 5 (7.14%) SAN
13 5 (7.14%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (7.14%) Big Data
2 3 (4.29%) Hadoop
2 3 (4.29%) Looker
2 3 (4.29%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 31 (44.29%) Metasploit
2 9 (12.86%) Burp Suite
3 8 (11.43%) Paros
4 5 (7.14%) AppScan
5 4 (5.71%) Git (software)
6 3 (4.29%) Cucumber
6 3 (4.29%) Fiddler
6 3 (4.29%) Jenkins
6 3 (4.29%) JIRA
6 3 (4.29%) JMeter
6 3 (4.29%) LoadUI
6 3 (4.29%) Mercurial
6 3 (4.29%) SoapUI
7 1 (1.43%) Gerrit
7 1 (1.43%) TeamCity
General
1 11 (15.71%) Finance
2 7 (10.00%) Law
2 7 (10.00%) Telecoms
3 4 (5.71%) Financial Institution
3 4 (5.71%) Spanish Language
4 2 (2.86%) Retail
5 1 (1.43%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 36 (51.43%) Analyst
2 33 (47.14%) Security Analyst
3 13 (18.57%) Cisco Analyst
3 13 (18.57%) Cisco Network Analyst
3 13 (18.57%) Cisco Security Analyst
3 13 (18.57%) Network Security Analyst
4 12 (17.14%) Network Analyst
5 10 (14.29%) IT Analyst
5 10 (14.29%) IT Security Analyst
6 9 (12.86%) Firewall Analyst
6 9 (12.86%) Senior Analyst
7 8 (11.43%) Security Engineer
8 7 (10.00%) IT Engineer
8 7 (10.00%) Security Specialist
8 7 (10.00%) Senior Security Analyst
9 6 (8.57%) Information Security Specialist
9 6 (8.57%) Information Specialist
9 6 (8.57%) Penetration Tester
9 6 (8.57%) Tester
10 5 (7.14%) Information Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3 (4.29%) JSON
1 3 (4.29%) REST
1 3 (4.29%) SOAP
1 3 (4.29%) XML
2 2 (2.86%) Regular Expression
Miscellaneous
1 16 (22.86%) Linux Command Line
2 15 (21.43%) PKI
3 9 (12.86%) Cyber Attack
3 9 (12.86%) Data Centre
4 5 (7.14%) Mobile App
5 4 (5.71%) Computer Science
5 4 (5.71%) Management Information System
6 3 (4.29%) Cyberthreat
6 3 (4.29%) iPad
7 2 (2.86%) CESG
7 2 (2.86%) Internet of Things
7 2 (2.86%) Security Operations Centre
8 1 (1.43%) Analytical Skills
8 1 (1.43%) Blog
8 1 (1.43%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 1 (1.43%) Embedded Systems
8 1 (1.43%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 54 (77.14%) Linux
2 33 (47.14%) Windows
3 16 (22.86%) CentOS
3 16 (22.86%) Debian
3 16 (22.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 16 (22.86%) Ubuntu
4 6 (8.57%) Android
4 6 (8.57%) Apple iOS
5 4 (5.71%) Mac OS X
6 3 (4.29%) Windows 10
7 2 (2.86%) Windows Server
7 2 (2.86%) Windows Server 2008
7 2 (2.86%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (1.43%) Embedded Linux
8 1 (1.43%) KNOPPIX
8 1 (1.43%) OpenWrt
Processes & Methodologies
1 46 (65.71%) SIEM
2 34 (48.57%) Vulnerability Management
3 32 (45.71%) Information Security
4 30 (42.86%) Open Source
5 22 (31.43%) Vulnerability Assessment
6 21 (30.00%) Analytics
6 21 (30.00%) Forensic Analysis
6 21 (30.00%) Penetration Testing
7 18 (25.71%) Multi-Factor Authentication
7 18 (25.71%) Two-Factor Authentication
8 17 (24.29%) Cybersecurity
9 12 (17.14%) Network Management
9 12 (17.14%) OWASP
9 12 (17.14%) Security Operations
10 11 (15.71%) Security Architecture
11 10 (14.29%) Incident Management
12 9 (12.86%) Security Monitoring
12 9 (12.86%) Security Patching
13 8 (11.43%) Security Testing
13 8 (11.43%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 22 (31.43%) PowerShell
2 17 (24.29%) Python
2 17 (24.29%) SQL
3 8 (11.43%) Java
3 8 (11.43%) Perl
4 6 (8.57%) Bash Shell
5 5 (7.14%) C-shell
5 5 (7.14%) Korn
5 5 (7.14%) Ruby
6 3 (4.29%) Groovy
6 3 (4.29%) VB
7 1 (1.43%) C
7 1 (1.43%) C++
Qualifications
1 34 (48.57%) CEH
2 24 (34.29%) CISSP
3 21 (30.00%) GIAC
3 21 (30.00%) GSEC
4 16 (22.86%) CISM
5 11 (15.71%) CESG Certified Professional
6 10 (14.29%) CREST Certified
7 9 (12.86%) CCDP
7 9 (12.86%) CCNP
7 9 (12.86%) CCSP
7 9 (12.86%) Cisco Certification
8 6 (8.57%) GPEN
8 6 (8.57%) OSCP
8 6 (8.57%) Security Cleared
9 5 (7.14%) GCIH
9 5 (7.14%) GWAPT
9 5 (7.14%) Linux+ Certification
9 5 (7.14%) LPIC
9 5 (7.14%) OSCE
9 5 (7.14%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (38.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 24 (34.29%) PCI DSS
3 5 (7.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 3 (4.29%) Cyber Essentials
4 3 (4.29%) GDPR
4 3 (4.29%) NIST 800
5 1 (1.43%) QA
System Software
1 24 (34.29%) Snort
2 11 (15.71%) Active Directory
2 11 (15.71%) pfSense
3 3 (4.29%) VMware ESXi
4 2 (2.86%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 38 (54.29%) Nessus
2 28 (40.00%) Nmap
3 21 (30.00%) EnCase
3 21 (30.00%) Nexpose
4 9 (12.86%) OSSEC
5 8 (11.43%) HP Fortify
6 7 (10.00%) Norton AntiVirus
7 5 (7.14%) FortiGate
7 5 (7.14%) QRadar
7 5 (7.14%) WebInspect
8 2 (2.86%) OpenVAS
9 1 (1.43%) Ansible
9 1 (1.43%) Defensics
Vendors
1 35 (50.00%) Cisco
2 30 (42.86%) LogRhythm
3 25 (35.71%) Palo Alto
4 22 (31.43%) AlienVault
5 21 (30.00%) Rapid7
5 21 (30.00%) Symantec
6 17 (24.29%) Microsoft
7 16 (22.86%) Qualys
7 16 (22.86%) Red Hat
8 15 (21.43%) CyberArk
8 15 (21.43%) Sophos
9 14 (20.00%) Juniper
10 9 (12.86%) McAfee
10 9 (12.86%) Sourcefire
11 5 (7.14%) Aruba
11 5 (7.14%) CheckPoint
11 5 (7.14%) F5
11 5 (7.14%) Fortinet
11 5 (7.14%) SonicWALL
11 5 (7.14%) WatchGuard