Period
to 6 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 6 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
6 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 777 1082 1178
Rank change year-on-year +305 +96 -24
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 53 36 50
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.067% 0.024% 0.028%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.32% 0.11% 0.12%
Number of salaries quoted 33 30 45
Median annual salary £55,000 £90,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -38.89% +71.43% +29.63%
10th Percentile £45,000 £37,125 £36,550
90th Percentile £88,000 £105,000 £85,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £53,750 £52,500
% change year-on-year +2.33% +2.38% +56.72%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 16,780 33,810 41,475
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.23% 22.95% 23.22%
Number of salaries quoted 13,622 26,867 33,524
Median annual salary £50,000 £47,000 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.38% +2.17% +2.22%
10th Percentile £27,000 £25,750 £25,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £44,000 £42,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 6 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 13 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 6 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
UK excluding London +270 44 £55,000 +2.33% 6
England +270 38 £55,000 -38.89% 7
Wales +31 14 - -
North of England +157 12 £50,000 +11.11% 2
Midlands +117 9 £70,000 - 1
West Midlands +107 9 £70,000 - 1
London +163 8 £90,000 -10.00% 2
South East +145 5 £62,500 - 1
North East +34 5 £50,000 +53.85%
South West +114 4 £58,000 +146.81% 1
North West +106 4 £45,000 +12.50% 2
Yorkshire +114 3 £55,000 -38.89%
Work from Home +51 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 6 July 2020, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 42 (79.25%) Penetration Testing
2 39 (73.58%) Cybersecurity
3 37 (69.81%) Metasploit
3 37 (69.81%) Linux
4 28 (52.83%) SIEM
5 26 (49.06%) CREST Certified
5 26 (49.06%) Information Security
6 25 (47.17%) Windows
7 24 (45.28%) Firewall
7 24 (45.28%) Security Testing
8 23 (43.40%) Ethical Hacking
9 22 (41.51%) Azure
10 21 (39.62%) Active Directory
11 20 (37.74%) Microsoft
11 20 (37.74%) Security Cleared
11 20 (37.74%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
11 20 (37.74%) Threat Intelligence
12 19 (35.85%) TCP/IP
12 19 (35.85%) SQL
12 19 (35.85%) Wireshark
13 18 (33.96%) Snort
13 18 (33.96%) Cyberthreat
13 18 (33.96%) Security Operations
13 18 (33.96%) Cyber Intelligence
13 18 (33.96%) AWS
14 17 (32.08%) Bash Shell
14 17 (32.08%) Analytics
14 17 (32.08%) Nessus
14 17 (32.08%) Finance
15 16 (30.19%) GCIH

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1 (1.89%) Apache
1 1 (1.89%) BizTalk Server
1 1 (1.89%) MS Exchange
1 1 (1.89%) nginx
1 1 (1.89%) SharePoint
Business Applications
1 14 (26.42%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 22 (41.51%) Azure
2 18 (33.96%) AWS
3 15 (28.30%) Office 365
4 14 (26.42%) Logic Apps
5 3 (5.66%) GCP
5 3 (5.66%) IaaS
5 3 (5.66%) PaaS
6 1 (1.89%) Amazon EC2
6 1 (1.89%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 24 (45.28%) Firewall
2 19 (35.85%) TCP/IP
2 19 (35.85%) Wireshark
3 15 (28.30%) DNS
4 14 (26.42%) DKIM
4 14 (26.42%) DMARC
5 11 (20.75%) Network Security
5 11 (20.75%) VPN
6 5 (9.43%) SNMP
7 3 (5.66%) HTTP
7 3 (5.66%) OSPF
7 3 (5.66%) VLAN
8 2 (3.77%) 802.11
8 2 (3.77%) Cisco Firepower
8 2 (3.77%) Intrusion Detection
8 2 (3.77%) IPsec
8 2 (3.77%) tcpdump
9 1 (1.89%) Cisco IOS
9 1 (1.89%) FIX Connectivity
9 1 (1.89%) HSRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2 (3.77%) SQL Server
2 1 (1.89%) Apache Cassandra
2 1 (1.89%) GIS
2 1 (1.89%) InfluxDB
2 1 (1.89%) KDB
2 1 (1.89%) Kdb+
2 1 (1.89%) MongoDB
2 1 (1.89%) NoSQL
2 1 (1.89%) PostgreSQL
2 1 (1.89%) RDBMS
2 1 (1.89%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 37 (69.81%) Metasploit
2 10 (18.87%) Burp Suite
3 5 (9.43%) JIRA
4 4 (7.55%) Jenkins
5 3 (5.66%) GitLab
5 3 (5.66%) Snyk
5 3 (5.66%) SonarQube
6 2 (3.77%) VSS/SourceSafe
7 1 (1.89%) Git (software)
7 1 (1.89%) Redmine
7 1 (1.89%) Subversion
General
1 17 (32.08%) Finance
2 14 (26.42%) Manufacturing
3 7 (13.21%) Banking
4 3 (5.66%) Retail Banking
5 2 (3.77%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 22 (41.51%) Analyst
2 16 (30.19%) Security Analyst
3 14 (26.42%) Penetration Tester
3 14 (26.42%) Tester
4 8 (15.09%) Network Engineer
4 8 (15.09%) SOC Analyst
5 6 (11.32%) Security Engineer
6 5 (9.43%) Network Security Engineer
6 5 (9.43%) Senior Penetration Tester
6 5 (9.43%) Senior Tester
7 4 (7.55%) Senior Analyst
7 4 (7.55%) SIEM Analyst
8 3 (5.66%) DevOps Engineer
8 3 (5.66%) Information Assurance Specialist
8 3 (5.66%) Information Security Specialist
8 3 (5.66%) Information Specialist
8 3 (5.66%) Security Specialist
8 3 (5.66%) Senior Data Warehouse Specialist
8 3 (5.66%) Senior Information Security Specialist
8 3 (5.66%) Senior Security Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (26.42%) Web Services
2 3 (5.66%) Kafka
2 3 (5.66%) OAuth
2 3 (5.66%) OpenID
2 3 (5.66%) SAML
3 2 (3.77%) 802.1X
4 1 (1.89%) FIX Protocol
4 1 (1.89%) LAPP Stack
4 1 (1.89%) ZeroMQ
Miscellaneous
1 18 (33.96%) Cyberthreat
2 14 (26.42%) Security Operations Centre
3 10 (18.87%) PKI
4 5 (9.43%) Analytical Skills
4 5 (9.43%) Mobile App
5 2 (3.77%) Blog
5 2 (3.77%) Management Information System
5 2 (3.77%) Self-Motivation
6 1 (1.89%) Algorithms
6 1 (1.89%) Eurex
6 1 (1.89%) Linux Command Line
6 1 (1.89%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 37 (69.81%) Linux
2 25 (47.17%) Windows
3 7 (13.21%) Windows Server
4 2 (3.77%) Unix
5 1 (1.89%) CentOS
5 1 (1.89%) Debian
5 1 (1.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (1.89%) SUSE
5 1 (1.89%) Windows 10
5 1 (1.89%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 42 (79.25%) Penetration Testing
2 39 (73.58%) Cybersecurity
3 28 (52.83%) SIEM
4 26 (49.06%) Information Security
5 24 (45.28%) Security Testing
6 23 (43.40%) Ethical Hacking
7 20 (37.74%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
7 20 (37.74%) Threat Intelligence
8 18 (33.96%) Cyber Intelligence
8 18 (33.96%) Security Operations
9 17 (32.08%) Analytics
10 16 (30.19%) Purple Team
10 16 (30.19%) Vulnerability Scanning
11 14 (26.42%) Data Privacy
11 14 (26.42%) Database Security
11 14 (26.42%) Malware Reverse Engineering
11 14 (26.42%) Reverse Engineering
12 8 (15.09%) Computer Science
12 8 (15.09%) Threat Modelling
13 7 (13.21%) Social Engineering
Programming Languages
1 19 (35.85%) SQL
2 17 (32.08%) Bash Shell
3 14 (26.42%) Python
4 5 (9.43%) Go
4 5 (9.43%) Java
4 5 (9.43%) PowerShell
5 4 (7.55%) C++
5 4 (7.55%) Ruby
6 3 (5.66%) C
6 3 (5.66%) JavaScript
6 3 (5.66%) Perl
6 3 (5.66%) PHP
7 2 (3.77%) C#
7 2 (3.77%) Lua
8 1 (1.89%) Bourne shell
8 1 (1.89%) C-shell
8 1 (1.89%) Korn
Qualifications
1 26 (49.06%) CREST Certified
2 20 (37.74%) Security Cleared
3 16 (30.19%) GCIH
3 16 (30.19%) SANS
4 14 (26.42%) GCIA
5 12 (22.64%) CEH
6 11 (20.75%) Cisco Certification
6 11 (20.75%) OSCP
7 8 (15.09%) CCNP
8 7 (13.21%) Degree
8 7 (13.21%) JNCIS
9 6 (11.32%) CCNA
10 5 (9.43%) CCSA
10 5 (9.43%) CCSE
10 5 (9.43%) CCSP
10 5 (9.43%) CHECK Team Leader
10 5 (9.43%) CHECK Team Member
10 5 (9.43%) CISM
10 5 (9.43%) JNCIA
10 5 (9.43%) Tigerscheme
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (26.42%) HMG Security Policy Framework
2 5 (9.43%) GDPR
3 4 (7.55%) SLA
4 3 (5.66%) PCI DSS
5 2 (3.77%) QA
System Software
1 21 (39.62%) Active Directory
2 18 (33.96%) Snort
3 2 (3.77%) VMware ESXi
4 1 (1.89%) BIND 9
4 1 (1.89%) Docker
4 1 (1.89%) LXC
4 1 (1.89%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (1.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (1.89%) vSphere
4 1 (1.89%) zsh
Systems Management
1 17 (32.08%) Nessus
2 9 (16.98%) Nmap
3 4 (7.55%) Kubernetes
4 3 (5.66%) Sysdig
5 2 (3.77%) Host Intrusion Detection System
6 1 (1.89%) Icinga
6 1 (1.89%) Nagios
6 1 (1.89%) Prometheus
6 1 (1.89%) SCCM
6 1 (1.89%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 20 (37.74%) Microsoft
2 9 (16.98%) Cisco
3 7 (13.21%) Fortinet
3 7 (13.21%) Juniper
3 7 (13.21%) Palo Alto
4 5 (9.43%) CheckPoint
4 5 (9.43%) Qualys
5 4 (7.55%) ArcSight
5 4 (7.55%) LogRhythm
6 3 (5.66%) Google
7 2 (3.77%) NetScout
7 2 (3.77%) Netsparker
7 2 (3.77%) NetWitness
7 2 (3.77%) Splunk
7 2 (3.77%) VMware
8 1 (1.89%) ION Trading
8 1 (1.89%) Meraki
8 1 (1.89%) Patsystems
8 1 (1.89%) Synology
8 1 (1.89%) Trayport