Period
to 22 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 22 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 677 1028 1118
Rank change year-on-year +351 +90 +22
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 30 54 55
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.060% 0.039% 0.033%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.28% 0.17% 0.14%
Number of salaries quoted 12 49 42
Median annual salary £62,500 £70,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -10.71% +33.33% +5.00%
10th Percentile £45,000 £41,750 £37,975
90th Percentile £63,750 £105,000 £79,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £62,500 £70,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -10.71% +40.00% +49.25%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 10,712 31,937 38,261
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.51% 22.96% 22.98%
Number of salaries quoted 8,805 25,171 30,879
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,000 £25,250 £25,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £41,000 £40,250
% change year-on-year +9.76% +1.86% +0.63%

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 10 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
UK excluding London +336 27 £62,500 -10.71% 1
England +358 14 £62,500 -10.71% 1
Wales +59 14 - -
South East +215 6 £62,500 -
North of England +196 4 £45,000 -
North West +133 4 £45,000 +5.88%
London +222 2 £67,500 -28.95% 1
South West +140 2 - -
Work from Home +47 1 - -
Scotland - 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 22 September 2020, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 24 (80.00%) Metasploit
2 22 (73.33%) Penetration Testing
3 20 (66.67%) Ethical Hacking
3 20 (66.67%) Security Testing
3 20 (66.67%) SIEM
3 20 (66.67%) SQL
3 20 (66.67%) Information Security
3 20 (66.67%) CREST Certified
4 19 (63.33%) Linux
4 19 (63.33%) TCP/IP
4 19 (63.33%) Cybersecurity
5 18 (60.00%) Snort
5 18 (60.00%) Firewall
5 18 (60.00%) Security Operations
6 17 (56.67%) Windows
6 17 (56.67%) Wireshark
7 16 (53.33%) Microsoft
7 16 (53.33%) Finance
8 15 (50.00%) Active Directory
8 15 (50.00%) DNS
8 15 (50.00%) Azure
8 15 (50.00%) AWS
8 15 (50.00%) Bash Shell
8 15 (50.00%) Office 365
9 14 (46.67%) Analytics
9 14 (46.67%) Data Privacy
9 14 (46.67%) Database Security
9 14 (46.67%) Vulnerability Scanning
9 14 (46.67%) Cyberthreat
9 14 (46.67%) Cyber Threat Intelligence

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1 (3.33%) Apache
1 1 (3.33%) BizTalk Server
1 1 (3.33%) MS Exchange
1 1 (3.33%) nginx
1 1 (3.33%) SharePoint
Business Applications
1 14 (46.67%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 15 (50.00%) AWS
1 15 (50.00%) Azure
1 15 (50.00%) Office 365
2 14 (46.67%) Logic Apps
3 1 (3.33%) Amazon EC2
3 1 (3.33%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 19 (63.33%) TCP/IP
2 18 (60.00%) Firewall
3 17 (56.67%) Wireshark
4 15 (50.00%) DNS
5 14 (46.67%) DKIM
5 14 (46.67%) DMARC
6 7 (23.33%) Network Security
7 4 (13.33%) VPN
8 3 (10.00%) OSPF
8 3 (10.00%) SNMP
8 3 (10.00%) VLAN
9 2 (6.67%) Cisco Firepower
9 2 (6.67%) Intrusion Detection
9 2 (6.67%) IPsec
9 2 (6.67%) tcpdump
10 1 (3.33%) BGP
10 1 (3.33%) Cisco ISE
10 1 (3.33%) FIX Connectivity
10 1 (3.33%) HSRP
10 1 (3.33%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2 (6.67%) SQL Server
2 1 (3.33%) Apache Cassandra
2 1 (3.33%) InfluxDB
2 1 (3.33%) KDB
2 1 (3.33%) Kdb+
2 1 (3.33%) MongoDB
2 1 (3.33%) NoSQL
2 1 (3.33%) PostgreSQL
2 1 (3.33%) RDBMS
2 1 (3.33%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 24 (80.00%) Metasploit
2 6 (20.00%) Burp Suite
2 6 (20.00%) JIRA
3 2 (6.67%) VSS/SourceSafe
4 1 (3.33%) Git (software)
4 1 (3.33%) Jenkins
4 1 (3.33%) Redmine
4 1 (3.33%) Subversion
General
1 16 (53.33%) Finance
2 14 (46.67%) Manufacturing
3 2 (6.67%) Public Sector
4 1 (3.33%) Banking
Job Titles
1 18 (60.00%) Analyst
2 14 (46.67%) Security Analyst
3 7 (23.33%) Penetration Tester
3 7 (23.33%) Senior Penetration Tester
3 7 (23.33%) Senior Tester
3 7 (23.33%) Tester
4 4 (13.33%) Senior Analyst
4 4 (13.33%) SIEM Analyst
4 4 (13.33%) SOC Analyst
5 3 (10.00%) Network Engineer
6 1 (3.33%) Administrator
6 1 (3.33%) Cisco Administrator
6 1 (3.33%) Cisco Engineer
6 1 (3.33%) Cisco Network Engineer
6 1 (3.33%) Consultant
6 1 (3.33%) Linux Administrator
6 1 (3.33%) Linux Engineer
6 1 (3.33%) Security Consultant
6 1 (3.33%) Security Engineer
6 1 (3.33%) Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (46.67%) Web Services
2 1 (3.33%) FIX Protocol
2 1 (3.33%) LAPP Stack
2 1 (3.33%) ZeroMQ
Miscellaneous
1 14 (46.67%) Cyberthreat
1 14 (46.67%) Security Operations Centre
2 8 (26.67%) PKI
3 6 (20.00%) Mobile App
4 1 (3.33%) Algorithms
4 1 (3.33%) Eurex
4 1 (3.33%) Linux Command Line
4 1 (3.33%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 19 (63.33%) Linux
2 17 (56.67%) Windows
3 1 (3.33%) CentOS
3 1 (3.33%) Debian
3 1 (3.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 1 (3.33%) SUSE
3 1 (3.33%) Windows 10
3 1 (3.33%) Windows Server
3 1 (3.33%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 22 (73.33%) Penetration Testing
2 20 (66.67%) Ethical Hacking
2 20 (66.67%) Information Security
2 20 (66.67%) Security Testing
2 20 (66.67%) SIEM
3 19 (63.33%) Cybersecurity
4 18 (60.00%) Security Operations
5 14 (46.67%) Analytics
5 14 (46.67%) Cyber Intelligence
5 14 (46.67%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
5 14 (46.67%) Data Privacy
5 14 (46.67%) Database Security
5 14 (46.67%) Malware Reverse Engineering
5 14 (46.67%) Purple Team
5 14 (46.67%) Reverse Engineering
5 14 (46.67%) Threat Intelligence
5 14 (46.67%) Vulnerability Scanning
6 8 (26.67%) Cryptography
7 6 (20.00%) Threat Modelling
8 4 (13.33%) Use Case
Programming Languages
1 20 (66.67%) SQL
2 15 (50.00%) Bash Shell
3 2 (6.67%) PowerShell
3 2 (6.67%) Python
4 1 (3.33%) Bourne shell
4 1 (3.33%) C
4 1 (3.33%) C++
4 1 (3.33%) C-shell
4 1 (3.33%) Korn
4 1 (3.33%) Perl
4 1 (3.33%) PHP
Qualifications
1 20 (66.67%) CREST Certified
2 14 (46.67%) GCIA
2 14 (46.67%) GCIH
2 14 (46.67%) SANS
3 7 (23.33%) CEH
4 6 (20.00%) Security Cleared
5 3 (10.00%) CCNP
5 3 (10.00%) Cisco Certification
6 2 (6.67%) JNCIS
6 2 (6.67%) SC Cleared
7 1 (3.33%) CCIE
7 1 (3.33%) CCNA
7 1 (3.33%) CISSP
7 1 (3.33%) GIAC
7 1 (3.33%) GPEN
7 1 (3.33%) OSCP
7 1 (3.33%) RHCE
7 1 (3.33%) RHCSA
7 1 (3.33%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (46.67%) HMG Security Policy Framework
2 6 (20.00%) GDPR
3 4 (13.33%) SLA
System Software
1 18 (60.00%) Snort
2 15 (50.00%) Active Directory
3 2 (6.67%) VMware ESXi
4 1 (3.33%) BIND 9
4 1 (3.33%) Docker
4 1 (3.33%) LXC
4 1 (3.33%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (3.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (3.33%) vSphere
4 1 (3.33%) zsh
Systems Management
1 2 (6.67%) Nessus
2 1 (3.33%) Icinga
2 1 (3.33%) Kubernetes
2 1 (3.33%) Nagios
2 1 (3.33%) Prometheus
2 1 (3.33%) SCCM
2 1 (3.33%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 16 (53.33%) Microsoft
2 4 (13.33%) ArcSight
2 4 (13.33%) Cisco
2 4 (13.33%) LogRhythm
3 2 (6.67%) Fortinet
3 2 (6.67%) Juniper
3 2 (6.67%) NetScout
3 2 (6.67%) NetWitness
3 2 (6.67%) Palo Alto
3 2 (6.67%) VMware
4 1 (3.33%) Bloomberg
4 1 (3.33%) Citrix
4 1 (3.33%) CQG
4 1 (3.33%) Fidessa
4 1 (3.33%) HP
4 1 (3.33%) ION Trading
4 1 (3.33%) Patsystems
4 1 (3.33%) Red Hat
4 1 (3.33%) Reuters
4 1 (3.33%) Trayport