Period
to 17 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 17 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
17 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 1127 1172 1263
Rank change year-on-year +45 +91 +53
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 76 52 29
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.042% 0.027% 0.013%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.17% 0.11% 0.050%
Number of salaries quoted 53 42 31
UK median annual salary £53,000 £60,000 £37,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -11.67% +60.00% -42.31%
10th Percentile £31,750 £40,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £79,500 £89,000 £57,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £37,500
% change year-on-year - +60.00% +50.00%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 44255 47095 57597
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.56% 24.77% 26.26%
Number of salaries quoted 35703 39958 48614
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £43,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +3.45% +3.57%
10th Percentile £25,000 £24,750 £24,500
90th Percentile £73,750 £72,500 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £39,735
% change year-on-year - +0.67% +5.96%

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 17 November 2017.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 11 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 17 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +85 70 £50,000 -13.04% 2
London +43 38 £46,250 -19.57% 1
UK excluding London +32 27 £60,000 - 1
South East +31 12 £76,250 +22.00%
Midlands +52 7 £61,250 +63.33%
West Midlands +21 7 £61,250 +63.33%
East of England +10 4 £33,500 -
Northern Ireland - 2 £60,000 -
North of England -7 1 £32,500 -45.83% 1
North West - 1 £32,500 - 1
Wales - 1 £60,000 -

For the 6 months to 17 November 2017, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 55 (72.37%) Firewall
2 53 (69.74%) Linux
3 51 (67.11%) Nessus
4 43 (56.58%) Metasploit
5 42 (55.26%) Information Security
6 41 (53.95%) SIEM
7 40 (52.63%) Windows
8 39 (51.32%) Penetration Testing
9 34 (44.74%) CISSP
10 32 (42.11%) Nmap
11 30 (39.47%) Vulnerability Assessment
12 29 (38.16%) CEH
13 27 (35.53%) Vulnerability Management
13 27 (35.53%) Burp Suite
14 25 (32.89%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 25 (32.89%) Wireless
15 24 (31.58%) TCP/IP
15 24 (31.58%) CREST Certified
15 24 (31.58%) Cybersecurity
16 22 (28.95%) Cisco
17 21 (27.63%) Python
18 20 (26.32%) SQL
18 20 (26.32%) Open Source
18 20 (26.32%) Palo Alto
19 19 (25.00%) Microsoft
19 19 (25.00%) Network Security
20 18 (23.68%) OWASP
20 18 (23.68%) Incident Management
21 17 (22.37%) Active Directory
21 17 (22.37%) Finance

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (9.21%) MS Exchange
2 5 (6.58%) IIS
3 3 (3.95%) Apache
3 3 (3.95%) Confluence
3 3 (3.95%) Exchange Server 2003
3 3 (3.95%) Exchange Server 2010
3 3 (3.95%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 4 (5.26%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (2.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (2.63%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (2.63%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (2.63%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 5 (6.58%) Office 365
2 4 (5.26%) Amazon AWS
2 4 (5.26%) Microsoft Azure
3 3 (3.95%) Amazon S3
4 2 (2.63%) IaaS
4 2 (2.63%) Mimecast
4 2 (2.63%) PaaS
5 1 (1.32%) GitHub
5 1 (1.32%) Google App Engine
5 1 (1.32%) Google Cloud Platform
5 1 (1.32%) SaaS
5 1 (1.32%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 55 (72.37%) Firewall
2 25 (32.89%) Wireless
3 24 (31.58%) TCP/IP
4 19 (25.00%) Network Security
5 16 (21.05%) Cisco ASA
6 14 (18.42%) VPN
7 11 (14.47%) Internet
8 10 (13.16%) DHCP
8 10 (13.16%) DNS
9 9 (11.84%) IPsec
9 9 (11.84%) SSL
10 7 (9.21%) HTTP
10 7 (9.21%) HTTPS
10 7 (9.21%) Wireshark
11 6 (7.89%) OSPF
11 6 (7.89%) SAN
12 5 (6.58%) BGP
12 5 (6.58%) Cisco Wireless
12 5 (6.58%) EIGRP
12 5 (6.58%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3 (3.95%) Hadoop
1 3 (3.95%) Looker
1 3 (3.95%) SQL Server
2 2 (2.63%) Big Data
3 1 (1.32%) Amazon RDS
3 1 (1.32%) Ingres
3 1 (1.32%) MongoDB
3 1 (1.32%) MySQL
3 1 (1.32%) NoSQL
3 1 (1.32%) Oracle Exadata
3 1 (1.32%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 43 (56.58%) Metasploit
2 27 (35.53%) Burp Suite
3 8 (10.53%) AppScan
3 8 (10.53%) Git (software)
3 8 (10.53%) Paros
4 6 (7.89%) JIRA
5 4 (5.26%) SoapUI
5 4 (5.26%) TeamCity
6 3 (3.95%) Cucumber
6 3 (3.95%) Fiddler
6 3 (3.95%) Jenkins
6 3 (3.95%) JMeter
6 3 (3.95%) LoadUI
6 3 (3.95%) Mercurial
6 3 (3.95%) RhodeCode
6 3 (3.95%) Vagrant
7 1 (1.32%) IDA Disassembler
7 1 (1.32%) OllyDbg
7 1 (1.32%) Visual Studio
7 1 (1.32%) Xcode
General
1 17 (22.37%) Finance
2 9 (11.84%) Law
3 6 (7.89%) Telecoms
4 3 (3.95%) Financial Institution
5 2 (2.63%) Retail
5 2 (2.63%) Spanish Language
6 1 (1.32%) Dutch Language
6 1 (1.32%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 23 (30.26%) Analyst
2 19 (25.00%) Security Analyst
3 13 (17.11%) Consultant
4 10 (13.16%) Penetration Tester
4 10 (13.16%) Tester
5 8 (10.53%) Security Consultant
6 7 (9.21%) Security Engineer
6 7 (9.21%) Senior Analyst
7 6 (7.89%) Cisco Analyst
7 6 (7.89%) Cisco Network Analyst
7 6 (7.89%) Cisco Security Analyst
7 6 (7.89%) IT Engineer
7 6 (7.89%) Network Security Analyst
7 6 (7.89%) Security Specialist
8 5 (6.58%) Information Security Specialist
8 5 (6.58%) Information Specialist
8 5 (6.58%) Network Analyst
9 4 (5.26%) IT Support Engineer
9 4 (5.26%) Senior Technical Analyst
9 4 (5.26%) Technical Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5 (6.58%) JSON
1 5 (6.58%) REST
1 5 (6.58%) XML
2 4 (5.26%) SOAP
3 2 (2.63%) .NET
3 2 (2.63%) Ajax
3 2 (2.63%) HTML
3 2 (2.63%) Middleware
3 2 (2.63%) Web Services
4 1 (1.32%) 802.1X
4 1 (1.32%) ASP.NET
4 1 (1.32%) LAMP
4 1 (1.32%) LAPP Stack
4 1 (1.32%) OAuth
4 1 (1.32%) OpenID
4 1 (1.32%) POSIX
4 1 (1.32%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 9 (11.84%) Computer Science
2 8 (10.53%) Cyber Attack
2 8 (10.53%) Management Information System
2 8 (10.53%) Mobile App
3 7 (9.21%) Data Protection Act
3 7 (9.21%) Linux Command Line
3 7 (9.21%) PKI
4 4 (5.26%) Analytical Skills
4 4 (5.26%) Security Operations Centre
5 3 (3.95%) Greenfield Project
6 2 (2.63%) CESG
6 2 (2.63%) Clustering
6 2 (2.63%) Data Centre
6 2 (2.63%) Internet of Things
6 2 (2.63%) iPad
7 1 (1.32%) Cyberthreat
7 1 (1.32%) Hybrid Cloud
7 1 (1.32%) Replication
7 1 (1.32%) SCADA
7 1 (1.32%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 53 (69.74%) Linux
2 40 (52.63%) Windows
3 14 (18.42%) Unix
4 9 (11.84%) CentOS
4 9 (11.84%) Ubuntu
5 7 (9.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (7.89%) Android
6 6 (7.89%) Apple iOS
6 6 (7.89%) Debian
7 5 (6.58%) Windows 10
8 4 (5.26%) Mac OS X
9 3 (3.95%) Windows 8
9 3 (3.95%) Windows Server
9 3 (3.95%) Windows Server 2003
9 3 (3.95%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (1.32%) Solaris
10 1 (1.32%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 42 (55.26%) Information Security
2 41 (53.95%) SIEM
3 39 (51.32%) Penetration Testing
4 30 (39.47%) Vulnerability Assessment
5 27 (35.53%) Vulnerability Management
6 24 (31.58%) Cybersecurity
7 20 (26.32%) Open Source
8 18 (23.68%) Incident Management
8 18 (23.68%) OWASP
9 15 (19.74%) Security Operations
10 13 (17.11%) Forensic Analysis
11 12 (15.79%) OSINT
11 12 (15.79%) Security Testing
12 11 (14.47%) Security Architecture
12 11 (14.47%) Vulnerability Scanning
13 10 (13.16%) Multi-Factor Authentication
13 10 (13.16%) Social Engineering
13 10 (13.16%) Two-Factor Authentication
14 9 (11.84%) Analytics
14 9 (11.84%) Ethical Hacking
Programming Languages
1 21 (27.63%) Python
2 20 (26.32%) SQL
3 16 (21.05%) PowerShell
4 12 (15.79%) Bash Shell
4 12 (15.79%) Ruby
5 11 (14.47%) Java
6 7 (9.21%) C
6 7 (9.21%) Perl
7 5 (6.58%) C-shell
7 5 (6.58%) Korn
7 5 (6.58%) PHP
8 3 (3.95%) C#
8 3 (3.95%) C++
8 3 (3.95%) Groovy
9 2 (2.63%) JavaScript
9 2 (2.63%) Objective-C
9 2 (2.63%) VB
10 1 (1.32%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 34 (44.74%) CISSP
2 29 (38.16%) CEH
3 24 (31.58%) CREST Certified
4 15 (19.74%) CISA
4 15 (19.74%) OSCP
5 13 (17.11%) CISM
5 13 (17.11%) GIAC
5 13 (17.11%) GSEC
6 12 (15.79%) Security Cleared
7 11 (14.47%) Cisco Certification
8 10 (13.16%) CCNA
8 10 (13.16%) Degree
8 10 (13.16%) SANS
9 9 (11.84%) SC Cleared
10 8 (10.53%) Computer Science Degree
11 7 (9.21%) CCSP
11 7 (9.21%) GWAPT
11 7 (9.21%) SSCP
12 6 (7.89%) GPEN
12 6 (7.89%) OSCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (32.89%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 14 (18.42%) PCI DSS
3 10 (13.16%) GDPR
4 4 (5.26%) NIST 800
5 3 (3.95%) Cyber Essentials
6 2 (2.63%) COBIT
6 2 (2.63%) GPG13
6 2 (2.63%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 2 (2.63%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (1.32%) QA
System Software
1 17 (22.37%) Active Directory
2 11 (14.47%) Snort
3 6 (7.89%) pfSense
4 3 (3.95%) Hyper-V
4 3 (3.95%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (3.95%) VMware ESXi
4 3 (3.95%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (2.63%) Docker
6 1 (1.32%) GlusterFS
6 1 (1.32%) XenDesktop
6 1 (1.32%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 51 (67.11%) Nessus
2 32 (42.11%) Nmap
3 13 (17.11%) EnCase
3 13 (17.11%) Nexpose
4 8 (10.53%) HP Fortify
5 7 (9.21%) Core Impact
5 7 (9.21%) Norton AntiVirus
5 7 (9.21%) Suricata
6 6 (7.89%) WebInspect
7 5 (6.58%) FortiGate
8 4 (5.26%) Ansible
8 4 (5.26%) Opscode Chef
9 3 (3.95%) Backup Exec
9 3 (3.95%) McAfee ePO
9 3 (3.95%) Nagios
9 3 (3.95%) NetBackup
9 3 (3.95%) Puppet
9 3 (3.95%) SCCM
9 3 (3.95%) SCOM
10 1 (1.32%) OSSEC
Vendors
1 22 (28.95%) Cisco
2 20 (26.32%) Palo Alto
3 19 (25.00%) Microsoft
4 14 (18.42%) LogRhythm
5 13 (17.11%) Rapid7
5 13 (17.11%) Symantec
6 10 (13.16%) AlienVault
6 10 (13.16%) Qualys
6 10 (13.16%) Sophos
7 9 (11.84%) Citrix
7 9 (11.84%) Juniper
7 9 (11.84%) Red Hat
8 8 (10.53%) F5
9 7 (9.21%) CyberArk
10 6 (7.89%) NetApp
10 6 (7.89%) Splunk
11 5 (6.58%) CheckPoint
11 5 (6.58%) HP
11 5 (6.58%) SonicWALL
11 5 (6.58%) WatchGuard