Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kali Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kali Linux over the 6 months to 12 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kali Linux
UK
6 months to
12 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 1146 994 754
Rank change year-on-year -152 -240 +327
Permanent jobs citing Kali Linux 66 24 37
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.039% 0.021% 0.058%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.22% 0.12% 0.27%
Number of salaries quoted 41 11 20
10th Percentile - £60,000 £42,900
25th Percentile £31,250 £60,625 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £85,000 £58,750
Median % change year-on-year -26.47% +44.68% -16.07%
75th Percentile £85,000 £90,000 £63,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £100,000 £81,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £32,500 £82,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year -60.61% +50.00% -15.38%

Kali Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 29,714 20,808 13,485
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.59% 18.19% 21.30%
Number of salaries quoted 16,043 15,087 11,112
10th Percentile £26,737 £26,500 £27,633
25th Percentile £35,960 £36,250 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +8.70%
75th Percentile £71,250 £67,500 £66,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - - +8.43%

Kali Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kali Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kali Linux.

Salary trend for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kali Linux over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Kali Linux in the UK

Kali Linux
Top 10 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kali Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 12 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -161 64 £62,500 -26.47% 3
Work from Home -217 38 £32,500 -61.76% 1
UK excluding London -64 37 £32,500 -60.61% 3
London -184 26 £80,000 -11.11%
South East - 24 £32,500 - 2
North of England -59 6 £87,500 +105.88%
Yorkshire - 6 £87,500 -
East of England - 4 £36,000 -
West Midlands -67 3 - -
Midlands -70 3 - -

For the 6 months to 12 August 2022, IT jobs citing Kali Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kali Linux.

1 54 (81.82%) Linux
2 52 (78.79%) Finance
3 39 (59.09%) Penetration Testing
3 39 (59.09%) Social Skills
4 36 (54.55%) Threat Intelligence
4 36 (54.55%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
5 35 (53.03%) Microsoft 365
5 35 (53.03%) Active Directory
6 32 (48.48%) Network Security
7 31 (46.97%) Analytical Skills
8 29 (43.94%) Microsoft
9 27 (40.91%) Test Automation
9 27 (40.91%) Application Security
10 26 (39.39%) Burp Suite
10 26 (39.39%) DNS
11 25 (37.88%) DHCP
11 25 (37.88%) SharePoint
11 25 (37.88%) vSphere
11 25 (37.88%) Ubuntu
11 25 (37.88%) VMware
11 25 (37.88%) VMware ESXi
11 25 (37.88%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 25 (37.88%) vCenter Server
11 25 (37.88%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 24 (36.36%) Problem-Solving
12 24 (36.36%) CISSP
13 23 (34.85%) TCP/IP
13 23 (34.85%) Cyberattack
14 22 (33.33%) Cybercrime
14 22 (33.33%) System Integration Testing

Kali Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (37.88%) SharePoint
2 4 (6.06%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 22 (33.33%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (12.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Cloud Services
1 35 (53.03%) Microsoft 365
2 17 (25.76%) Azure
3 13 (19.70%) AWS
4 8 (12.12%) Power Platform
4 8 (12.12%) Serverless
5 4 (6.06%) Azure Sentinel
Communications & Networking
1 32 (48.48%) Network Security
2 26 (39.39%) DNS
3 25 (37.88%) DHCP
4 23 (34.85%) TCP/IP
5 6 (9.09%) Firewall
5 6 (9.09%) Wireshark
6 3 (4.55%) Cisco Firepower
6 3 (4.55%) NAS
6 3 (4.55%) NGFW
6 3 (4.55%) SAN
6 3 (4.55%) VLAN
7 2 (3.03%) HTTP
7 2 (3.03%) Reverse Proxy
8 1 (1.52%) IPv6
8 1 (1.52%) LTE
8 1 (1.52%) SD-WAN
8 1 (1.52%) SSL
8 1 (1.52%) tcpdump
8 1 (1.52%) WAN
8 1 (1.52%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (12.12%) Power BI
2 2 (3.03%) MariaDB
2 2 (3.03%) MongoDB
2 2 (3.03%) NoSQL
2 2 (3.03%) SQL Server
2 2 (3.03%) Tableau
2 2 (3.03%) ZAP BI
Development Applications
1 26 (39.39%) Burp Suite
2 13 (19.70%) Metasploit
3 6 (9.09%) Emacs
4 2 (3.03%) AppScan
General
1 52 (78.79%) Finance
2 39 (59.09%) Social Skills
3 31 (46.97%) Analytical Skills
4 25 (37.88%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 9 (13.64%) Legal
6 8 (12.12%) Marketing
7 3 (4.55%) Presentation Skills
8 2 (3.03%) Banking
8 2 (3.03%) Financial Institution
8 2 (3.03%) Public Sector
9 1 (1.52%) Aerospace
9 1 (1.52%) Publishing
9 1 (1.52%) Retail
9 1 (1.52%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 25 (37.88%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 22 (33.33%) Graduate
2 22 (33.33%) Graduate Infrastructure Engineer
3 12 (18.18%) Security Engineer
4 10 (15.15%) Graduate IT Engineer
4 10 (15.15%) IT Engineer
4 10 (15.15%) IT Graduate
4 10 (15.15%) IT Infrastructure Engineer
5 8 (12.12%) Applications Engineer
6 6 (9.09%) Security Specialist
6 6 (9.09%) Tester
7 5 (7.58%) Penetration Tester
8 4 (6.06%) Analyst
9 3 (4.55%) Security Analyst
9 3 (4.55%) Technical Analyst
9 3 (4.55%) Technical Security Analyst
10 2 (3.03%) Auditor
10 2 (3.03%) Consultant
10 2 (3.03%) IT Auditor
10 2 (3.03%) Lead Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8 (12.12%) .NET
1 8 (12.12%) OAuth
1 8 (12.12%) OpenID
2 3 (4.55%) HTML
3 2 (3.03%) Elastic Stack
3 2 (3.03%) Kafka
3 2 (3.03%) LDAP
3 2 (3.03%) Matplotlib
3 2 (3.03%) OAuth2
3 2 (3.03%) SailPoint
3 2 (3.03%) SAML
3 2 (3.03%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 23 (34.85%) Cyberattack
2 22 (33.33%) Cybercrime
3 15 (22.73%) Cyberthreat
4 14 (21.21%) Cyber Defence
5 8 (12.12%) Cloud Native
5 8 (12.12%) Data Centre
5 8 (12.12%) Linux Command Line
5 8 (12.12%) Mobile App
5 8 (12.12%) Self-Motivation
6 6 (9.09%) Management Information System
6 6 (9.09%) SCADA
7 4 (6.06%) e-Learning
7 4 (6.06%) Security Operations Centre
8 3 (4.55%) RSA SecurID
9 1 (1.52%) Blog
9 1 (1.52%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 54 (81.82%) Linux
2 25 (37.88%) Ubuntu
3 11 (16.67%) Windows
4 2 (3.03%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 39 (59.09%) Penetration Testing
2 36 (54.55%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
2 36 (54.55%) Threat Intelligence
3 27 (40.91%) Application Security
3 27 (40.91%) Test Automation
4 25 (37.88%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 24 (36.36%) Problem-Solving
6 22 (33.33%) Information Security
6 22 (33.33%) Integration Testing
6 22 (33.33%) Mathematics
6 22 (33.33%) Project Delivery
6 22 (33.33%) Regression Testing
6 22 (33.33%) System Integration Testing
6 22 (33.33%) Test Scripting
7 21 (31.82%) Vulnerability Assessment
8 17 (25.76%) Vulnerability Management
9 16 (24.24%) CI/CD
9 16 (24.24%) DevSecOps
10 15 (22.73%) Cyber Intelligence
11 14 (21.21%) Agile
Programming Languages
1 20 (30.30%) Python
2 18 (27.27%) PowerShell
3 16 (24.24%) C#
4 12 (18.18%) Java
5 11 (16.67%) C
6 10 (15.15%) JavaScript
7 8 (12.12%) TypeScript
8 5 (7.58%) Perl
9 4 (6.06%) Bash
9 4 (6.06%) PHP
10 2 (3.03%) R
11 1 (1.52%) C++
11 1 (1.52%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 24 (36.36%) CISSP
2 22 (33.33%) OSCP
2 22 (33.33%) SC Cleared
2 22 (33.33%) Security Cleared
3 11 (16.67%) CISA
3 11 (16.67%) CISM
4 8 (12.12%) OSCE
4 8 (12.12%) SANS
5 3 (4.55%) Cisco Certification
5 3 (4.55%) Degree
6 2 (3.03%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 2 (3.03%) CCSP
6 2 (3.03%) CEH
6 2 (3.03%) Master's Degree
7 1 (1.52%) CCNA
7 1 (1.52%) Computer Science Degree
7 1 (1.52%) CREST Certified
7 1 (1.52%) GWAPT
7 1 (1.52%) GXPN
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (21.21%) GDPR
1 14 (21.21%) PCI DSS
2 13 (19.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 11 (16.67%) NIST
4 6 (9.09%) HIPAA
5 4 (6.06%) Cyber Essentials
5 4 (6.06%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 2 (3.03%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 35 (53.03%) Active Directory
2 25 (37.88%) VMware ESXi
2 25 (37.88%) vSphere
3 22 (33.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (4.55%) BitLocker
5 2 (3.03%) Docker
Systems Management
1 25 (37.88%) vCenter Server
2 9 (13.64%) Nessus
2 9 (13.64%) Nmap
3 3 (4.55%) Nagios
4 2 (3.03%) HP Fortify
4 2 (3.03%) Kubernetes
4 2 (3.03%) Nexpose
4 2 (3.03%) Oracle Identity Management
4 2 (3.03%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 29 (43.94%) Microsoft
2 25 (37.88%) VMware
3 6 (9.09%) Qualys
3 6 (9.09%) Rapid7
4 4 (6.06%) McAfee
4 4 (6.06%) Sophos
5 3 (4.55%) ArcSight
5 3 (4.55%) Cisco
5 3 (4.55%) Dell
5 3 (4.55%) HP
5 3 (4.55%) SolarWinds
5 3 (4.55%) Splunk
5 3 (4.55%) Symantec
6 2 (3.03%) Checkmarx
6 2 (3.03%) CyberArk
6 2 (3.03%) Netsparker
6 2 (3.03%) Oracle
6 2 (3.03%) Tripwire
6 2 (3.03%) Veracode