Period
to 4 December 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Firewall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firewall over the 6 months to 4 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firewall
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
4 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 110 81 105
Rank change year-on-year -29 +24 -20
Permanent jobs citing Firewall 896 343 241
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 3.07% 3.97% 3.09%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 30.15% 28.54% 22.59%
Number of salaries quoted 775 318 213
10th Percentile £34,750 £32,500 £37,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year - -9.09% -12.00%
75th Percentile £67,500 £61,250 £67,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £81,250 £79,750
UK median annual salary £48,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year -4.00% +5.26% -

Firewall is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 2,972 1,202 1,067
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 10.20% 13.91% 13.67%
Number of salaries quoted 2,345 1,063 925
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,600 £34,585
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £68,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £83,750
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

Firewall
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Firewall as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Firewall trend for jobs with a WFH option

Firewall
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Firewall.

Firewall salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Firewall
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Firewall over the 6 months to 4 December 2021.

Firewall salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 4 December 2021, Firewall job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Firewall.

1 347 (38.73%) Windows
2 335 (37.39%) Cisco
3 322 (35.94%) Azure
4 309 (34.49%) Microsoft
5 250 (27.90%) Active Directory
6 233 (26.00%) Microsoft 365
7 230 (25.67%) VPN
8 223 (24.89%) WAN
9 219 (24.44%) Windows Server
10 191 (21.32%) LAN
10 191 (21.32%) Linux
11 186 (20.76%) VMware
11 186 (20.76%) AWS
12 184 (20.54%) Cisco Certification
13 166 (18.53%) Social Skills
14 158 (17.63%) Palo Alto
15 146 (16.29%) Network Security
16 142 (15.85%) DNS
17 140 (15.63%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 138 (15.40%) Cybersecurity
19 129 (14.40%) DevOps
19 129 (14.40%) TCP/IP
19 129 (14.40%) CheckPoint
20 127 (14.17%) ITIL
21 122 (13.62%) Security Cleared
22 121 (13.50%) Information Security
23 118 (13.17%) DHCP
24 117 (13.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
25 107 (11.94%) VMware Infrastructure
26 103 (11.50%) F5

Firewall
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (8.71%) SharePoint
2 51 (5.69%) MS Exchange
3 38 (4.24%) IIS
4 17 (1.90%) Elasticsearch
5 15 (1.67%) Confluence
6 11 (1.23%) Exchange Server 2010
6 11 (1.23%) WordPress
7 9 (1.00%) CMS
7 9 (1.00%) Sitecore CMS
7 9 (1.00%) Umbraco
8 8 (0.89%) Apache
9 7 (0.78%) WebSphere
10 6 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
11 4 (0.45%) nginx
11 4 (0.45%) Oracle Workflow
12 3 (0.33%) CICS
12 3 (0.33%) Exchange Server 2013
12 3 (0.33%) OpenStack
12 3 (0.33%) Tomcat
13 2 (0.22%) Office Communications Server
Applications
1 26 (2.90%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (1.56%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.89%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 9 (1.00%) Sage 200
1 9 (1.00%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.11%) Findur
Cloud Services
1 322 (35.94%) Azure
2 233 (26.00%) Microsoft 365
3 186 (20.76%) AWS
4 62 (6.92%) Azure Active Directory
4 62 (6.92%) IaaS
5 56 (6.25%) SaaS
6 52 (5.80%) PaaS
7 45 (5.02%) GCP
8 29 (3.24%) OneDrive
9 27 (3.01%) Serverless
10 24 (2.68%) Cloud Computing
11 20 (2.23%) AWS Lambda
12 18 (2.01%) AWS Direct Connect
13 17 (1.90%) Amazon EC2
13 17 (1.90%) Mimecast
14 16 (1.79%) GitHub
15 15 (1.67%) OpenShift
16 13 (1.45%) AWS CloudFormation
16 13 (1.45%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 12 (1.34%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 230 (25.67%) VPN
2 223 (24.89%) WAN
3 191 (21.32%) LAN
4 146 (16.29%) Network Security
5 142 (15.85%) DNS
6 129 (14.40%) TCP/IP
7 118 (13.17%) DHCP
8 91 (10.16%) Wireless
9 86 (9.60%) Wi-Fi
10 84 (9.38%) BGP
11 81 (9.04%) Cisco ASA
12 80 (8.93%) VLAN
13 65 (7.25%) MPLS
14 62 (6.92%) OSPF
15 52 (5.80%) VoIP
16 46 (5.13%) Wireshark
17 42 (4.69%) IPsec
17 42 (4.69%) Remote Desktop
18 38 (4.24%) Cisco Nexus
18 38 (4.24%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (6.36%) SQL Server
2 29 (3.24%) MySQL
3 24 (2.68%) PostgreSQL
4 13 (1.45%) Amazon Aurora
4 13 (1.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 13 (1.45%) Redis
5 11 (1.23%) Azure SQL Database
5 11 (1.23%) Big Data
6 10 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
6 10 (1.12%) SQL Server 2016
7 8 (0.89%) MariaDB
8 7 (0.78%) Amazon RDS
8 7 (0.78%) DB2
9 6 (0.67%) NoSQL
10 5 (0.56%) Relational Database
10 5 (0.56%) SQL Server 2014
11 4 (0.45%) MongoDB
12 3 (0.33%) ArangoDB
12 3 (0.33%) DataStage
12 3 (0.33%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 38 (4.24%) Jenkins
2 33 (3.68%) Git (software)
3 17 (1.90%) JIRA
4 13 (1.45%) Bitbucket
5 9 (1.00%) GitLab
5 9 (1.00%) Visual Studio
6 8 (0.89%) Maven
7 7 (0.78%) Selenium
8 6 (0.67%) Sonatype Nexus
9 5 (0.56%) Subversion
9 5 (0.56%) TeamCity
10 3 (0.33%) Travis CI
10 3 (0.33%) VSS/SourceSafe
11 2 (0.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 2 (0.22%) Gradle
11 2 (0.22%) Vagrant
12 1 (0.11%) git-flow
12 1 (0.11%) JMeter
12 1 (0.11%) Octopus Deploy
12 1 (0.11%) webpack
General
1 166 (18.53%) Social Skills
2 86 (9.60%) Analytical Skills
2 86 (9.60%) Finance
3 40 (4.46%) Telecoms
4 38 (4.24%) Public Sector
5 33 (3.68%) Manufacturing
6 22 (2.46%) Documentation Skills
7 21 (2.34%) Law
8 19 (2.12%) Retail
9 18 (2.01%) Local Government
10 16 (1.79%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 16 (1.79%) Marketing
11 13 (1.45%) Banking
12 11 (1.23%) Legal
12 11 (1.23%) Pharmaceutical
13 9 (1.00%) Aerospace
14 8 (0.89%) Advertising
15 6 (0.67%) Influencing Skills
16 5 (0.56%) Brand Awareness
16 5 (0.56%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 129 (14.40%) Security Engineer
2 123 (13.73%) Network Engineer
3 103 (11.50%) Architect
4 97 (10.83%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 84 (9.38%) Analyst
6 64 (7.14%) Support Engineer
7 55 (6.14%) Cisco Engineer
8 49 (5.47%) Consultant
9 45 (5.02%) IT Engineer
10 43 (4.80%) Firewall Engineer
11 41 (4.58%) Cloud Engineer
12 38 (4.24%) 3rd Line Engineer
13 35 (3.91%) Cisco Security Engineer
13 35 (3.91%) DevOps Engineer
14 34 (3.79%) IT Manager
15 32 (3.57%) Senior Network Engineer
16 30 (3.35%) 3rd Line Support
16 30 (3.35%) Azure Engineer
16 30 (3.35%) IT Analyst
17 29 (3.24%) Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (2.90%) Middleware
2 19 (2.12%) .NET
3 17 (1.90%) Web Services
4 13 (1.45%) Kafka
5 8 (0.89%) Node.js
5 8 (0.89%) React
6 7 (0.78%) WebSphere MQ
7 6 (0.67%) ASP.NET
8 5 (0.56%) AngularJS
8 5 (0.56%) HTML
8 5 (0.56%) Ruby on Rails
8 5 (0.56%) Yocto
9 4 (0.45%) ARM Templates
9 4 (0.45%) JSON
9 4 (0.45%) SOAP
9 4 (0.45%) Software Packaging
9 4 (0.45%) YAML
10 3 (0.33%) CSS
10 3 (0.33%) WinForms
10 3 (0.33%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 92 (10.27%) Management Information System
2 79 (8.82%) Data Centre
3 39 (4.35%) Self-Motivation
4 36 (4.02%) Cyberthreat
5 34 (3.79%) Public Cloud
6 19 (2.12%) Driving Licence
7 18 (2.01%) Private Cloud
8 17 (1.90%) User Experience
9 13 (1.45%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 13 (1.45%) Hybrid Cloud
10 12 (1.34%) Clustering
10 12 (1.34%) Cyberattack
11 11 (1.23%) Replication
12 10 (1.12%) Analytical Mindset
12 10 (1.12%) e-Learning
13 9 (1.00%) Security Operations Centre
13 9 (1.00%) Virtual Team
14 7 (0.78%) BYOD
14 7 (0.78%) Greenfield Project
14 7 (0.78%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 347 (38.73%) Windows
2 219 (24.44%) Windows Server
3 191 (21.32%) Linux
4 76 (8.48%) Windows Server 2019
5 59 (6.58%) Windows 10
6 55 (6.14%) Windows Server 2012
7 39 (4.35%) Unix
8 34 (3.79%) Windows Server 2016
9 26 (2.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 24 (2.68%) Debian
10 24 (2.68%) Windows Server 2003
11 22 (2.46%) Android
12 18 (2.01%) CentOS
13 17 (1.90%) Windows Server 2008
14 12 (1.34%) Apple iOS
14 12 (1.34%) Mac OS
15 11 (1.23%) Solaris
16 9 (1.00%) SUSE
17 7 (0.78%) VyOS
18 6 (0.67%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 140 (15.63%) Infrastructure Engineering
2 138 (15.40%) Cybersecurity
3 129 (14.40%) DevOps
4 127 (14.17%) ITIL
5 121 (13.50%) Information Security
6 95 (10.60%) Migration
7 84 (9.38%) Problem-Solving
8 80 (8.93%) Project Management
9 79 (8.82%) Disaster Recovery
10 76 (8.48%) SIEM
11 74 (8.26%) High Availability
12 65 (7.25%) Agile Software Development
13 62 (6.92%) Security Operations
14 59 (6.58%) Presales
15 58 (6.47%) Business Continuity
15 58 (6.47%) Network Design
16 57 (6.36%) Kalman Filter
16 57 (6.36%) Mentoring
17 54 (6.03%) Penetration Testing
18 50 (5.58%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 98 (10.94%) PowerShell
2 68 (7.59%) Python
3 51 (5.69%) SQL
4 31 (3.46%) Bash Shell
5 23 (2.57%) Java
5 23 (2.57%) PHP
6 19 (2.12%) Shell Script
7 13 (1.45%) C
7 13 (1.45%) Ruby
8 12 (1.34%) C#
9 10 (1.12%) Perl
10 8 (0.89%) C++
11 7 (0.78%) JavaScript
12 6 (0.67%) Go
13 4 (0.45%) Groovy
14 3 (0.33%) COBOL
14 3 (0.33%) T-SQL
15 2 (0.22%) VB
15 2 (0.22%) VB.NET
15 2 (0.22%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 184 (20.54%) Cisco Certification
2 122 (13.62%) Security Cleared
3 99 (11.05%) CCNP
4 90 (10.04%) CCNA
5 85 (9.49%) SC Cleared
6 71 (7.92%) CISSP
7 65 (7.25%) Degree
8 39 (4.35%) CCIE
9 32 (3.57%) CISM
10 30 (3.35%) CEH
11 27 (3.01%) Microsoft Certification
12 26 (2.90%) DV Cleared
13 23 (2.57%) CISA
14 21 (2.34%) CRISC
15 17 (1.90%) DBS Check
16 11 (1.23%) CCDP
16 11 (1.23%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
17 10 (1.12%) BPSS Clearance
17 10 (1.12%) JNCIA
17 10 (1.12%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 117 (13.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 68 (7.59%) GDPR
3 62 (6.92%) PCI DSS
4 57 (6.36%) SLA
5 53 (5.92%) NIST
6 26 (2.90%) Cyber Essentials
7 21 (2.34%) COBIT
8 13 (1.45%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 12 (1.34%) HIPAA
9 12 (1.34%) NCSC
9 12 (1.34%) QA
9 12 (1.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 8 (0.89%) GRC
11 7 (0.78%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 7 (0.78%) GAMP
11 7 (0.78%) ISO 22301
12 4 (0.45%) HL7
13 3 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 1 (0.11%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 1 (0.11%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 250 (27.90%) Active Directory
2 107 (11.94%) VMware Infrastructure
3 85 (9.49%) Hyper-V
4 60 (6.70%) Docker
5 44 (4.91%) vSphere
6 30 (3.35%) VMware ESXi
7 19 (2.12%) KVM
8 15 (1.67%) Virtual Desktop
8 15 (1.67%) XenApp
9 11 (1.23%) iptables
9 11 (1.23%) Virtual Servers
10 10 (1.12%) Virtual Machines
10 10 (1.12%) XenDesktop
11 7 (0.78%) BitLocker
11 7 (0.78%) ProxySG
12 6 (0.67%) Terminal Services
12 6 (0.67%) VMware NSX
13 4 (0.45%) Firmware
13 4 (0.45%) Microsoft App-V
13 4 (0.45%) NFS
Systems Management
1 61 (6.81%) Terraform
2 56 (6.25%) Ansible
2 56 (6.25%) Microsoft Intune
3 33 (3.68%) Kubernetes
4 32 (3.57%) Nagios
5 25 (2.79%) Puppet
6 24 (2.68%) SCCM
7 23 (2.57%) Grafana
8 22 (2.46%) FortiGate
9 21 (2.34%) ZABBIX
10 20 (2.23%) Rancher
11 18 (2.01%) WSUS
12 13 (1.45%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 12 (1.34%) Cisco Prime
13 12 (1.34%) Icinga
13 12 (1.34%) Opscode Chef
13 12 (1.34%) Single Sign-On
14 9 (1.00%) Failover Clustering
15 8 (0.89%) Nmap
15 8 (0.89%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 335 (37.39%) Cisco
2 309 (34.49%) Microsoft
3 186 (20.76%) VMware
4 158 (17.63%) Palo Alto
5 129 (14.40%) CheckPoint
6 103 (11.50%) F5
7 96 (10.71%) Juniper
8 69 (7.70%) Fortinet
8 69 (7.70%) Meraki
9 53 (5.92%) SolarWinds
10 44 (4.91%) Veeam
11 43 (4.80%) Google
12 41 (4.58%) McAfee
13 39 (4.35%) Citrix
13 39 (4.35%) HP
14 35 (3.91%) Apple
15 34 (3.79%) ServiceNow
16 33 (3.68%) Splunk
17 31 (3.46%) Sophos
18 28 (3.13%) Red Hat