Period
to 11 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
Central London > City of London
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 21 51 63
Rank change year-on-year +30 +12 +1
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 180 165 262
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 7.44% 4.09% 3.85%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 8.22% 4.67% 4.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 127 129 204
10th Percentile £425 £397 £416
25th Percentile £463 £475 £464
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £573 £550
Median % change year-on-year -3.93% +4.09% +2.33%
75th Percentile £625 £675 £632
90th Percentile £730 £750 £688
Central London median daily rate £550 £573 £550
% change year-on-year -3.93% +4.09% +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 5 3
10th Percentile £25.15 £38.24 £19.30
25th Percentile £26.88 £38.25 £32.88
Median hourly rate £30.50 £38.50 £56.00
Median % change year-on-year -20.78% -31.25% -
75th Percentile £33.88 £52.25 £56.50
90th Percentile £35.45 £52.70 "
Central London median hourly rate £30.50 £38.50 £56.00
% change year-on-year -20.78% -31.25% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 2,191 3,531 6,099
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.61% 87.44% 89.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,620 2,666 4,731
10th Percentile £340 £325 £325
25th Percentile £425 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £625 £613 £600
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £513 £525
% change year-on-year +2.44% -2.38% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 51 53
10th Percentile £12.34 £12.42 £11.55
25th Percentile £15.69 £14.19 £16.00
Median hourly rate £25.75 £22.74 £20.65
Median % change year-on-year +13.26% +10.12% +3.23%
75th Percentile £27.81 £39.00 £33.00
90th Percentile £40.83 £53.00 £37.50
Central London median hourly rate £24.23 £22.74 £21.18
% change year-on-year +6.55% +7.34% +0.86%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 100 (55.56%) Agile Software Development
2 78 (43.33%) TDD
3 71 (39.44%) JavaScript
4 68 (37.78%) Azure
5 66 (36.67%) DevOps
6 55 (30.56%) AngularJS
7 47 (26.11%) React
8 46 (25.56%) AWS
9 42 (23.33%) C#
9 42 (23.33%) .NET
10 40 (22.22%) TypeScript
11 39 (21.67%) Continuous Integration
12 38 (21.11%) Java
13 33 (18.33%) Git (software)
13 33 (18.33%) Analytics
14 32 (17.78%) Business Intelligence
15 31 (17.22%) Microsoft
15 31 (17.22%) Mentoring
15 31 (17.22%) Greenfield Project
16 30 (16.67%) Scaled Agile Framework
16 30 (16.67%) Jenkins
16 30 (16.67%) SQL Server
16 30 (16.67%) HTML
17 29 (16.11%) PowerShell
17 29 (16.11%) QA
17 29 (16.11%) Continuous Improvement
17 29 (16.11%) Power Platform
17 29 (16.11%) Power BI
18 28 (15.56%) Docker
18 28 (15.56%) HTML5

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (14.44%) SharePoint
2 6 (3.33%) NServiceBus
3 2 (1.11%) Apache Spark
3 2 (1.11%) Elasticsearch
3 2 (1.11%) Jupyter
3 2 (1.11%) SAS
3 2 (1.11%) WebLogic
4 1 (0.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 1 (0.56%) Apache
4 1 (0.56%) Confluence
Applications
1 1 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 3 (1.67%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 68 (37.78%) Azure
2 46 (25.56%) AWS
3 29 (16.11%) Power Platform
4 26 (14.44%) Azure Active Directory
5 11 (6.11%) Serverless
6 8 (4.44%) AWS CloudFormation
6 8 (4.44%) GCP
7 7 (3.89%) PaaS
8 6 (3.33%) Azure Functions
8 6 (3.33%) SaaS
9 5 (2.78%) GitHub
9 5 (2.78%) npm
10 4 (2.22%) Amazon ECS
10 4 (2.22%) Amazon ElastiCache
10 4 (2.22%) Amazon Kinesis
11 3 (1.67%) Slack
12 2 (1.11%) Apigee
12 2 (1.11%) Azure Stack
13 1 (0.56%) Amazon EMR
13 1 (0.56%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 2 (1.11%) DECT
1 2 (1.11%) DNS
1 2 (1.11%) FTP
1 2 (1.11%) HTTP
1 2 (1.11%) IPv4
1 2 (1.11%) IPv6
1 2 (1.11%) Multicast
1 2 (1.11%) PPP
1 2 (1.11%) SSL
1 2 (1.11%) TCP/IP
1 2 (1.11%) UPnP
1 2 (1.11%) Wi-Fi
2 1 (0.56%) Broadband
2 1 (0.56%) Network Security
2 1 (0.56%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (16.67%) SQL Server
2 29 (16.11%) Power BI
3 8 (4.44%) PostgreSQL
4 6 (3.33%) Relational Database
5 4 (2.22%) Big Data
5 4 (2.22%) MongoDB
5 4 (2.22%) RDBMS
6 3 (1.67%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 3 (1.67%) Apache Hive
6 3 (1.67%) Blockchain
7 2 (1.11%) Amazon Aurora
7 2 (1.11%) Cloud Spanner
7 2 (1.11%) Data Warehouse
8 1 (0.56%) Base SAS
8 1 (0.56%) Data Mart
8 1 (0.56%) Hadoop
8 1 (0.56%) MySQL
8 1 (0.56%) NoSQL
8 1 (0.56%) Pentaho
8 1 (0.56%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 33 (18.33%) Git (software)
2 30 (16.67%) Jenkins
3 26 (14.44%) Octopus Deploy
4 7 (3.89%) JIRA
5 6 (3.33%) webpack
6 5 (2.78%) GitLab
7 4 (2.22%) Gatling
7 4 (2.22%) Xcode
8 3 (1.67%) Android Studio
8 3 (1.67%) Appium
8 3 (1.67%) Bower
8 3 (1.67%) Gradle
8 3 (1.67%) Grunt
8 3 (1.67%) JUnit
8 3 (1.67%) TeamCity
9 2 (1.11%) Geb
9 2 (1.11%) gulp
9 2 (1.11%) Jasmine
9 2 (1.11%) Karma Test Runner
9 2 (1.11%) Spock
General
1 26 (14.44%) Banking
1 26 (14.44%) Finance
2 6 (3.33%) Front Office
3 4 (2.22%) Investment Banking
4 3 (1.67%) Multimedia
4 3 (1.67%) Retail Banking
5 2 (1.11%) Back Office
6 1 (0.56%) Legal
6 1 (0.56%) Manufacturing
6 1 (0.56%) Publishing
6 1 (0.56%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 86 (47.78%) Developer
2 31 (17.22%) Software Engineer
3 22 (12.22%) Analyst
3 22 (12.22%) Technical Leader
4 19 (10.56%) Java Developer
5 16 (8.89%) Backend Developer
5 16 (8.89%) PHP Developer
6 15 (8.33%) Business Analyst
6 15 (8.33%) Insurance Business Analyst
7 10 (5.56%) Senior Developer
8 9 (5.00%) .NET Developer
9 8 (4.44%) Android Developer
9 8 (4.44%) React Developer
9 8 (4.44%) Scala Engineer
10 7 (3.89%) Analyst Developer
10 7 (3.89%) Principal Developer
11 6 (3.33%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 6 (3.33%) Ruby Engineer
11 6 (3.33%) Senior Software Engineer
12 5 (2.78%) Scala Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 55 (30.56%) AngularJS
2 47 (26.11%) React
3 42 (23.33%) .NET
4 30 (16.67%) HTML
5 28 (15.56%) HTML5
6 26 (14.44%) ASP.NET
6 26 (14.44%) ASP.NET Core
6 26 (14.44%) CSS
7 24 (13.33%) Web Services
8 21 (11.67%) CSS3
8 21 (11.67%) LESS
8 21 (11.67%) Sass
9 18 (10.00%) Vue.js
10 17 (9.44%) Laravel
10 17 (9.44%) Vuetify.js
11 16 (8.89%) Kafka
11 16 (8.89%) Node.js
12 15 (8.33%) Redux
12 15 (8.33%) Spring
13 13 (7.22%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 31 (17.22%) Greenfield Project
2 11 (6.11%) User Experience
3 10 (5.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 9 (5.00%) Mobile App
5 6 (3.33%) Derivative
5 6 (3.33%) Enterprise Software
6 4 (2.22%) Clustering
6 4 (2.22%) Virtual Team
7 3 (1.67%) Analytical Skills
7 3 (1.67%) Equities
7 3 (1.67%) Fixed Income
7 3 (1.67%) Market Risk
7 3 (1.67%) Mobile Payment
8 2 (1.11%) Credit Derivative
8 2 (1.11%) Data Structures
8 2 (1.11%) Embedded Systems
8 2 (1.11%) Social Media
9 1 (0.56%) Algorithms
9 1 (0.56%) Cloud Native
9 1 (0.56%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 14 (7.78%) Android
2 7 (3.89%) Apple iOS
2 7 (3.89%) Linux
3 3 (1.67%) Windows
4 2 (1.11%) OpenWrt
4 2 (1.11%) Unix
5 1 (0.56%) CentOS
5 1 (0.56%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 100 (55.56%) Agile Software Development
2 78 (43.33%) TDD
3 66 (36.67%) DevOps
4 39 (21.67%) Continuous Integration
5 33 (18.33%) Analytics
6 32 (17.78%) Business Intelligence
7 31 (17.22%) Mentoring
8 30 (16.67%) Scaled Agile Framework
9 29 (16.11%) Continuous Improvement
10 25 (13.89%) Microservices
11 21 (11.67%) MVC
12 19 (10.56%) Software Testing
13 17 (9.44%) OO
13 17 (9.44%) Software Delivery
14 16 (8.89%) SDLC
15 15 (8.33%) BDD
15 15 (8.33%) Insurtech
15 15 (8.33%) Multithreading
15 15 (8.33%) Stakeholder Management
16 14 (7.78%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 71 (39.44%) JavaScript
2 42 (23.33%) C#
3 40 (22.22%) TypeScript
4 38 (21.11%) Java
5 29 (16.11%) PowerShell
6 22 (12.22%) Python
7 17 (9.44%) PHP
8 15 (8.33%) Kotlin
9 14 (7.78%) Scala
10 13 (7.22%) SQL
11 9 (5.00%) Go
11 9 (5.00%) Java 8
12 8 (4.44%) Ruby
13 6 (3.33%) Apple Swift
14 5 (2.78%) C
15 4 (2.22%) Shell Script
16 3 (1.67%) Bash Shell
16 3 (1.67%) Perl
17 2 (1.11%) C++
17 2 (1.11%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 11 (6.11%) Degree
2 6 (3.33%) SC Cleared
2 6 (3.33%) Security Cleared
3 4 (2.22%) Computer Science Degree
4 3 (1.67%) PhD
5 1 (0.56%) AWS Certification
5 1 (0.56%) CISSP
5 1 (0.56%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (16.11%) QA
2 2 (1.11%) JTAG
3 1 (0.56%) PMO
3 1 (0.56%) SLA
System Software
1 28 (15.56%) Docker
2 27 (15.00%) Active Directory
3 2 (1.11%) Ceph
3 2 (1.11%) NFS
4 1 (0.56%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 12 (6.67%) Kubernetes
2 5 (2.78%) Terraform
3 2 (1.11%) Ansible
3 2 (1.11%) Docker Swarm
3 2 (1.11%) Hadoop YARN
3 2 (1.11%) Mesos
4 1 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 31 (17.22%) Microsoft
2 5 (2.78%) Google
3 4 (2.22%) Apple
4 3 (1.67%) Oracle
5 2 (1.11%) Cadence
5 2 (1.11%) Confluent
5 2 (1.11%) Databricks
5 2 (1.11%) Salesforce.com
5 2 (1.11%) Solace
5 2 (1.11%) Xamarin
6 1 (0.56%) Adobe
6 1 (0.56%) BEA
6 1 (0.56%) Cloudera
6 1 (0.56%) Informatica
6 1 (0.56%) Luciad
6 1 (0.56%) Pega
6 1 (0.56%) Talend
6 1 (0.56%) webMethods