Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
Central London > City of London
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 32 48 51
Rank change year-on-year +16 +3 +13
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 192 120 278
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 6.22% 4.37% 4.31%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.85% 5.00% 4.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 140 95 223
10th Percentile £425 £406 £415
25th Percentile £463 £465 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year -5.45% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £630 £638 £634
90th Percentile £750 £716 £688
Central London median daily rate £525 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -4.55% - +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 4 3
10th Percentile £25.10 £38.23 £19.30
25th Percentile £26.75 £38.24 £32.88
Median hourly rate £30.00 £38.50 £56.00
Median % change year-on-year -22.08% -31.25% -
75th Percentile £32.75 £41.00 £56.50
90th Percentile £34.10 £45.05 "
Central London median hourly rate £30.00 £38.50 £56.00
% change year-on-year -22.08% -31.25% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 2,803 2,398 5,791
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.74% 87.39% 89.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,051 1,789 4,505
10th Percentile £358 £331 £356
25th Percentile £450 £414 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £518 £525
Median % change year-on-year +6.28% -1.43% +2.44%
75th Percentile £638 £601 £600
90th Percentile £719 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 40 62
10th Percentile £8.00 £12.42 £11.25
25th Percentile £12.38 £14.28 £12.82
Median hourly rate £23.45 £25.00 £20.25
Median % change year-on-year -6.20% +23.46% +8.29%
75th Percentile £32.70 £39.25 £37.35
90th Percentile £42.25 £52.90 £44.80
Central London median hourly rate £22.25 £26.44 £21.00
% change year-on-year -15.85% +25.90% +9.80%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 119 (61.98%) Agile Software Development
2 75 (39.06%) TDD
3 73 (38.02%) DevOps
4 71 (36.98%) Azure
5 67 (34.90%) JavaScript
6 58 (30.21%) AngularJS
7 55 (28.65%) Social Skills
8 49 (25.52%) React
8 49 (25.52%) C#
8 49 (25.52%) .NET
9 47 (24.48%) AWS
10 43 (22.40%) Java
11 42 (21.88%) Business Intelligence
12 37 (19.27%) SQL
12 37 (19.27%) Power BI
12 37 (19.27%) TypeScript
12 37 (19.27%) Power Platform
13 34 (17.71%) Git (software)
14 33 (17.19%) Continuous Improvement
14 33 (17.19%) Continuous Integration
14 33 (17.19%) SQL Server
15 32 (16.67%) QA
15 32 (16.67%) Mentoring
15 32 (16.67%) Analytics
16 31 (16.15%) Jenkins
16 31 (16.15%) Microsoft
16 31 (16.15%) ASP.NET
17 30 (15.63%) Software Testing
17 30 (15.63%) Scaled Agile Framework
18 29 (15.10%) Greenfield Project

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (13.54%) SharePoint
2 3 (1.56%) Apache
2 3 (1.56%) Apache Spark
2 3 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
2 3 (1.56%) NServiceBus
3 2 (1.04%) Confluence
3 2 (1.04%) TPMS
4 1 (0.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 1 (0.52%) BizTalk Server
Business Applications
1 2 (1.04%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.52%) Front Arena
2 1 (0.52%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 71 (36.98%) Azure
2 47 (24.48%) AWS
3 37 (19.27%) Power Platform
4 26 (13.54%) Azure Active Directory
5 10 (5.21%) Serverless
6 7 (3.65%) AWS CloudFormation
6 7 (3.65%) GCP
7 5 (2.60%) GitHub
8 4 (2.08%) AWS Lambda
8 4 (2.08%) Azure Functions
8 4 (2.08%) npm
9 3 (1.56%) Azure Service Bus
9 3 (1.56%) SaaS
9 3 (1.56%) Slack
10 2 (1.04%) Azure Stack
10 2 (1.04%) PaaS
11 1 (0.52%) Amazon EKS
11 1 (0.52%) AWS Step Functions
11 1 (0.52%) Azure Logic Apps
11 1 (0.52%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 2 (1.04%) BGP
1 2 (1.04%) DECT
1 2 (1.04%) HTTP
1 2 (1.04%) IPv4
1 2 (1.04%) IPv6
1 2 (1.04%) Multicast
1 2 (1.04%) PPP
1 2 (1.04%) UPnP
1 2 (1.04%) Wi-Fi
2 1 (0.52%) Broadband
2 1 (0.52%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (19.27%) Power BI
2 33 (17.19%) SQL Server
3 8 (4.17%) Big Data
3 8 (4.17%) Qlik Sense
3 8 (4.17%) QlikView
4 5 (2.60%) Azure SQL Database
4 5 (2.60%) PostgreSQL
5 4 (2.08%) NoSQL
6 3 (1.56%) Hadoop
6 3 (1.56%) MongoDB
6 3 (1.56%) Relational Database
7 2 (1.04%) Amazon Aurora
7 2 (1.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 2 (1.04%) Blockchain
8 1 (0.52%) Amazon Redshift
8 1 (0.52%) SQL Server 2008
8 1 (0.52%) SQL Server 2012
8 1 (0.52%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 34 (17.71%) Git (software)
2 31 (16.15%) Jenkins
3 26 (13.54%) Octopus Deploy
4 13 (6.77%) JIRA
5 5 (2.60%) Android Studio
6 4 (2.08%) JUnit
6 4 (2.08%) Mockito
6 4 (2.08%) TeamCity
6 4 (2.08%) webpack
7 3 (1.56%) Appium
7 3 (1.56%) GitLab
7 3 (1.56%) Selenium
7 3 (1.56%) Xcode
8 2 (1.04%) Bower
8 2 (1.04%) Calabash
8 2 (1.04%) GDB
8 2 (1.04%) git-flow
8 2 (1.04%) Gradle
8 2 (1.04%) Grunt
8 2 (1.04%) Robot Framework
General
1 55 (28.65%) Social Skills
2 27 (14.06%) Banking
3 20 (10.42%) Finance
4 12 (6.25%) Investment Banking
5 8 (4.17%) Front Office
6 6 (3.13%) Analytical Skills
7 5 (2.60%) Multimedia
8 4 (2.08%) Marketing
9 3 (1.56%) Legal
9 3 (1.56%) Wearables
10 2 (1.04%) Presentation Skills
11 1 (0.52%) Back Office
11 1 (0.52%) Public Sector
11 1 (0.52%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 84 (43.75%) Developer
2 32 (16.67%) Analyst
3 28 (14.58%) Software Engineer
4 25 (13.02%) Business Analyst
5 24 (12.50%) Insurance Business Analyst
6 22 (11.46%) Technical Leader
7 14 (7.29%) Backend Developer
7 14 (7.29%) Business Intelligence Analyst
7 14 (7.29%) Business Intelligence Business Analyst
7 14 (7.29%) Data Business Analyst
7 14 (7.29%) Java Developer
7 14 (7.29%) PHP Developer
7 14 (7.29%) SQL Analyst
7 14 (7.29%) SQL Data Analyst
8 13 (6.77%) Senior Developer
9 10 (5.21%) C# Developer
9 10 (5.21%) Python Developer
10 8 (4.17%) .NET Developer
10 8 (4.17%) Android Developer
10 8 (4.17%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 58 (30.21%) AngularJS
2 49 (25.52%) .NET
2 49 (25.52%) React
3 31 (16.15%) ASP.NET
4 26 (13.54%) ASP.NET Core
5 25 (13.02%) HTML
6 23 (11.98%) CSS
6 23 (11.98%) Web Services
7 19 (9.90%) HTML5
8 18 (9.38%) Spring
9 17 (8.85%) CSS3
9 17 (8.85%) LESS
9 17 (8.85%) Sass
9 17 (8.85%) Vue.js
10 16 (8.33%) Laravel
10 16 (8.33%) Vuetify.js
11 14 (7.29%) Node.js
11 14 (7.29%) Redux
12 13 (6.77%) Kafka
12 13 (6.77%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 29 (15.10%) Greenfield Project
2 17 (8.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 15 (7.81%) Derivative
4 11 (5.73%) Mobile App
5 10 (5.21%) User Experience
6 9 (4.69%) Fixed Income
7 6 (3.13%) Equities
8 5 (2.60%) Market Risk
9 4 (2.08%) Credit Derivative
10 3 (1.56%) Enterprise Software
10 3 (1.56%) Mobile Payment
11 2 (1.04%) Client/Server
11 2 (1.04%) Embedded Systems
11 2 (1.04%) Hedge funds
11 2 (1.04%) Self-Motivation
11 2 (1.04%) Virtual Team
12 1 (0.52%) Blog
12 1 (0.52%) Equity Derivative
12 1 (0.52%) Media Streaming
12 1 (0.52%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 16 (8.33%) Android
2 6 (3.13%) Apple iOS
3 4 (2.08%) Windows
4 2 (1.04%) Linux
4 2 (1.04%) OpenWrt
5 1 (0.52%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 119 (61.98%) Agile Software Development
2 75 (39.06%) TDD
3 73 (38.02%) DevOps
4 42 (21.88%) Business Intelligence
5 33 (17.19%) Continuous Improvement
5 33 (17.19%) Continuous Integration
6 32 (16.67%) Analytics
6 32 (16.67%) Mentoring
7 30 (15.63%) Scaled Agile Framework
7 30 (15.63%) Software Testing
8 24 (12.50%) Insurtech
8 24 (12.50%) Microservices
9 23 (11.98%) MVC
10 20 (10.42%) SDLC
11 19 (9.90%) Stakeholder Management
12 17 (8.85%) Multithreading
12 17 (8.85%) Problem-Solving
13 16 (8.33%) User Stories
14 15 (7.81%) Software Delivery
15 14 (7.29%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 67 (34.90%) JavaScript
2 49 (25.52%) C#
3 43 (22.40%) Java
4 37 (19.27%) SQL
4 37 (19.27%) TypeScript
5 29 (15.10%) PowerShell
6 28 (14.58%) Python
7 21 (10.94%) Kotlin
8 16 (8.33%) PHP
9 13 (6.77%) Scala
10 6 (3.13%) Java 8
11 5 (2.60%) Apple Swift
11 5 (2.60%) Go
12 4 (2.08%) C++
12 4 (2.08%) Ruby
13 3 (1.56%) Bash Shell
14 2 (1.04%) C
14 2 (1.04%) Shell Script
15 1 (0.52%) Perl
15 1 (0.52%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 12 (6.25%) Degree
2 4 (2.08%) Computer Science Degree
2 4 (2.08%) SC Cleared
2 4 (2.08%) Security Cleared
3 2 (1.04%) AWS Certification
3 2 (1.04%) DV Cleared
4 1 (0.52%) CISSP
4 1 (0.52%) Master's Degree
4 1 (0.52%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (16.67%) QA
2 4 (2.08%) Accessibility
3 2 (1.04%) JTAG
4 1 (0.52%) PMO
4 1 (0.52%) SLA
System Software
1 29 (15.10%) Docker
2 26 (13.54%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 7 (3.65%) Kubernetes
2 4 (2.08%) Ansible
3 2 (1.04%) Terraform
4 1 (0.52%) Kibana
4 1 (0.52%) logstash
Vendors
1 31 (16.15%) Microsoft
2 6 (3.13%) Oracle
3 5 (2.60%) Google
4 4 (2.08%) Apple
4 4 (2.08%) Solace
5 3 (1.56%) Cloudera
5 3 (1.56%) Salesforce.com
6 2 (1.04%) Adobe
6 2 (1.04%) CA
6 2 (1.04%) CA Agile Central
6 2 (1.04%) Cadence
6 2 (1.04%) hybris
6 2 (1.04%) Xamarin
7 1 (0.52%) Databricks
7 1 (0.52%) FIS
7 1 (0.52%) MuleSoft
7 1 (0.52%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
7 1 (0.52%) SunGard