Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 22 29 58
Rank change year-on-year +7 +29 +8
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 294 131 182
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 7.41% 6.27% 3.66%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 8.15% 6.95% 4.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 255 103 148
10th Percentile £450 £425 £421
25th Percentile £500 £469 £495
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - -
75th Percentile £713 £622 £668
90th Percentile £800 £698 £750
Central London median daily rate £600 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 2
10th Percentile - - £44.83
25th Percentile £44.25 £35.50 £44.95
Median hourly rate £45.50 £36.00 £48.89
Median % change year-on-year +26.39% -26.36% -
75th Percentile £46.75 £36.50 £52.81
90th Percentile - - £52.93
Central London median hourly rate £45.50 £36.00 £48.50
% change year-on-year +26.39% -25.77% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,609 1,886 4,443
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.93% 90.33% 89.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,806 1,411 3,478
10th Percentile £375 £313 £320
25th Percentile £473 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £513
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +2.44% -
75th Percentile £650 £602 £600
90th Percentile £750 £688 £676
Central London median daily rate £550 £513 £510
% change year-on-year +7.21% +0.59% -0.49%
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 23 49
10th Percentile £19.13 £13.63 £12.03
25th Percentile £33.19 £19.50 £14.25
Median hourly rate £43.50 £26.50 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +64.15% +32.50% +5.26%
75th Percentile £61.75 £36.38 £25.76
90th Percentile £64.25 £46.00 £52.25
Central London median hourly rate £43.50 £27.00 £20.83
% change year-on-year +61.11% +29.62% +8.21%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 150 (51.02%) Agile Software Development
2 88 (29.93%) Java
2 88 (29.93%) AWS
3 85 (28.91%) SQL
3 85 (28.91%) Finance
4 69 (23.47%) Microservices
5 66 (22.45%) DevOps
6 59 (20.07%) Python
6 59 (20.07%) TDD
7 58 (19.73%) Azure
8 57 (19.39%) CI/CD
9 52 (17.69%) Kafka
9 52 (17.69%) Software Testing
10 51 (17.35%) Docker
11 49 (16.67%) Social Skills
12 46 (15.65%) Full Stack Development
13 44 (14.97%) JavaScript
13 44 (14.97%) Banking
14 43 (14.63%) C#
14 43 (14.63%) AngularJS
15 42 (14.29%) Serverless
16 40 (13.61%) .NET
17 39 (13.27%) Jenkins
18 38 (12.93%) Business Intelligence
18 38 (12.93%) Scrum
18 38 (12.93%) Release Management
18 38 (12.93%) Backlog Management
19 37 (12.59%) Git (software)
19 37 (12.59%) Stakeholder Management
20 36 (12.24%) Backlog Prioritisation

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (2.38%) Apache
1 7 (2.38%) Apache Airflow
2 6 (2.04%) Apache Spark
3 3 (1.02%) CMS
3 3 (1.02%) IIS
4 2 (0.68%) Cloud Foundry
4 2 (0.68%) Confluence
4 2 (0.68%) SharePoint
4 2 (0.68%) WordPress
5 1 (0.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 1 (0.34%) EPiServer
5 1 (0.34%) IBM HTTP Server
5 1 (0.34%) SAS
Applications
1 3 (1.02%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 4 (1.36%) SunGard Martini
2 1 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.34%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 88 (29.93%) AWS
2 58 (19.73%) Azure
3 42 (14.29%) Serverless
4 35 (11.90%) Power Platform
5 28 (9.52%) AWS Lambda
6 17 (5.78%) Collibra
7 14 (4.76%) AWS CloudFormation
8 13 (4.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 9 (3.06%) Amazon Kinesis
9 9 (3.06%) GCP
9 9 (3.06%) SaaS
10 5 (1.70%) Amazon ECS
10 5 (1.70%) GitHub
10 5 (1.70%) npm
10 5 (1.70%) PaaS
11 4 (1.36%) Amazon EKS
11 4 (1.36%) Amazon EMR
11 4 (1.36%) GitHub Actions
12 3 (1.02%) IaaS
12 3 (1.02%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 18 (6.12%) HTTP
2 17 (5.78%) HTTPS
3 3 (1.02%) BGP
3 3 (1.02%) LAN
3 3 (1.02%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.68%) Internet
4 2 (0.68%) MQTT
5 1 (0.34%) Broadband
5 1 (0.34%) DECT
5 1 (0.34%) Ethernet
5 1 (0.34%) FIX Connectivity
5 1 (0.34%) Intranet
5 1 (0.34%) IPv4
5 1 (0.34%) IPv6
5 1 (0.34%) Kerberos
5 1 (0.34%) Modbus
5 1 (0.34%) Multicast
5 1 (0.34%) PPP
5 1 (0.34%) UPnP
5 1 (0.34%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (11.22%) Power BI
1 33 (11.22%) Qlik Sense
1 33 (11.22%) QlikView
2 25 (8.50%) NoSQL
3 21 (7.14%) SQL Server
4 15 (5.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 10 (3.40%) MongoDB
6 9 (3.06%) PostgreSQL
7 7 (2.38%) MySQL
8 6 (2.04%) Data Warehouse
9 5 (1.70%) Amazon Redshift
10 3 (1.02%) Hadoop
10 3 (1.02%) Redis
10 3 (1.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 2 (0.68%) Apache Cassandra
11 2 (0.68%) Apache Hive
11 2 (0.68%) Big Data
11 2 (0.68%) HBase
11 2 (0.68%) Relational Database
11 2 (0.68%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 39 (13.27%) Jenkins
2 37 (12.59%) Git (software)
3 10 (3.40%) GitLab
4 9 (3.06%) Maven
5 8 (2.72%) CircleCI
6 7 (2.38%) Cucumber
6 7 (2.38%) JIRA
7 6 (2.04%) Selenium
8 4 (1.36%) git-flow
8 4 (1.36%) SonarQube
8 4 (1.36%) Visual Studio
8 4 (1.36%) webpack
9 3 (1.02%) Bower
9 3 (1.02%) Gradle
9 3 (1.02%) Grunt
9 3 (1.02%) Robot Framework
9 3 (1.02%) Sonatype Nexus
10 2 (0.68%) Bitbucket
10 2 (0.68%) GDB
10 2 (0.68%) SpecFlow
General
1 85 (28.91%) Finance
2 49 (16.67%) Social Skills
3 44 (14.97%) Banking
4 21 (7.14%) Front Office
5 20 (6.80%) Investment Banking
6 14 (4.76%) Analytical Skills
7 7 (2.38%) Financial Institution
8 5 (1.70%) Back Office
8 5 (1.70%) International Banking
8 5 (1.70%) Organisational Skills
9 3 (1.02%) Marketing
9 3 (1.02%) Presentation Skills
10 2 (0.68%) Documentation Skills
10 2 (0.68%) Games
11 1 (0.34%) Electronics
11 1 (0.34%) Legal
11 1 (0.34%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.34%) Retail
Job Titles
1 116 (39.46%) Developer
2 71 (24.15%) Software Engineer
3 46 (15.65%) Analyst
3 46 (15.65%) Business Analyst
4 35 (11.90%) Insurance Business Analyst
5 33 (11.22%) Data Business Analyst
6 30 (10.20%) Business Intelligence Analyst
6 30 (10.20%) Business Intelligence Business Analyst
7 27 (9.18%) Java Engineer
8 26 (8.84%) PHP Developer
9 25 (8.50%) Java Developer
10 24 (8.16%) Senior Software Engineer
11 22 (7.48%) Senior Java Engineer
12 19 (6.46%) Java Software Engineer
13 18 (6.12%) Senior Java Software Engineer
14 17 (5.78%) AWS Engineer
15 14 (4.76%) Python Developer
15 14 (4.76%) SQL Analyst
15 14 (4.76%) SQL Data Analyst
16 13 (4.42%) C# Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 52 (17.69%) Kafka
2 43 (14.63%) AngularJS
3 40 (13.61%) .NET
4 33 (11.22%) CSS
4 33 (11.22%) HTML
5 28 (9.52%) REST
6 26 (8.84%) Spring Boot
7 24 (8.16%) Vue.js
8 23 (7.82%) Web Services
9 20 (6.80%) HTML5
9 20 (6.80%) React
10 19 (6.46%) Laravel
10 19 (6.46%) Node.js
11 18 (6.12%) Sass
11 18 (6.12%) SOAP
12 17 (5.78%) CSS3
12 17 (5.78%) LESS
12 17 (5.78%) Vuetify.js
13 15 (5.10%) RESTful
14 12 (4.08%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 17 (5.78%) Fixed Income
2 15 (5.10%) Cloud Native
3 14 (4.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 9 (3.06%) User Experience
5 8 (2.72%) Derivative
5 8 (2.72%) Greenfield Project
6 7 (2.38%) Algorithms
6 7 (2.38%) Management Information System
7 6 (2.04%) Data Structures
7 6 (2.04%) Hedge funds
8 5 (1.70%) Equities
8 5 (1.70%) Mobile App
8 5 (1.70%) Self-Motivation
9 4 (1.36%) Market Risk
10 3 (1.02%) Credit Derivative
10 3 (1.02%) DTCC
10 3 (1.02%) Public Cloud
11 2 (0.68%) Embedded Systems
12 1 (0.34%) Legacy Systems
12 1 (0.34%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 18 (6.12%) Linux
2 9 (3.06%) Unix
3 7 (2.38%) Apple iOS
4 5 (1.70%) Windows
5 4 (1.36%) Android
6 2 (0.68%) OpenWrt
7 1 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 150 (51.02%) Agile Software Development
2 69 (23.47%) Microservices
3 66 (22.45%) DevOps
4 59 (20.07%) TDD
5 57 (19.39%) CI/CD
6 52 (17.69%) Software Testing
7 46 (15.65%) Full Stack Development
8 38 (12.93%) Backlog Management
8 38 (12.93%) Business Intelligence
8 38 (12.93%) Release Management
8 38 (12.93%) Scrum
9 37 (12.59%) Stakeholder Management
10 36 (12.24%) Backlog Prioritisation
11 35 (11.90%) Analytics
11 35 (11.90%) User Stories
12 34 (11.56%) Problem-Solving
13 33 (11.22%) Data Visualisation
13 33 (11.22%) Visualisation
14 31 (10.54%) SDLC
15 29 (9.86%) Insurtech
Programming Languages
1 88 (29.93%) Java
2 85 (28.91%) SQL
3 59 (20.07%) Python
4 44 (14.97%) JavaScript
5 43 (14.63%) C#
6 28 (9.52%) PHP
7 15 (5.10%) Kotlin
8 14 (4.76%) C++
8 14 (4.76%) Scala
9 10 (3.40%) TypeScript
10 6 (2.04%) Shell Script
11 5 (1.70%) Apple Swift
11 5 (1.70%) Perl
12 4 (1.36%) Go
12 4 (1.36%) VBA
13 3 (1.02%) Bash
13 3 (1.02%) C
13 3 (1.02%) ES6
13 3 (1.02%) R
13 3 (1.02%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 22 (7.48%) Degree
2 10 (3.40%) Computer Science Degree
3 6 (2.04%) AWS Certification
4 3 (1.02%) Master's Degree
5 2 (0.68%) SC Cleared
5 2 (0.68%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.74%) QA
2 6 (2.04%) Accessibility
3 3 (1.02%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.34%) JTAG
4 1 (0.34%) MiFID
System Software
1 51 (17.35%) Docker
2 3 (1.02%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.34%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 30 (10.20%) Kubernetes
2 21 (7.14%) Terraform
3 8 (2.72%) Ansible
4 3 (1.02%) Opscode Chef
4 3 (1.02%) Prometheus
4 3 (1.02%) Puppet
4 3 (1.02%) Salt
5 2 (0.68%) Grafana
6 1 (0.34%) Control-M
6 1 (0.34%) Graylog
6 1 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 28 (9.52%) Microsoft
2 17 (5.78%) Confluent
3 14 (4.76%) Oracle
4 7 (2.38%) DevExpress
5 4 (1.36%) Salesforce.com
5 4 (1.36%) SunGard
6 3 (1.02%) Alteryx
6 3 (1.02%) Informatica
6 3 (1.02%) Red Hat
7 2 (0.68%) Conga
7 2 (0.68%) ForgeRock
7 2 (0.68%) Google
7 2 (0.68%) Sybase
7 2 (0.68%) Virgin Media
7 2 (0.68%) Xamarin
8 1 (0.34%) Adobe
8 1 (0.34%) Atlassian
8 1 (0.34%) Cognos
8 1 (0.34%) IBM
8 1 (0.34%) Siemens