Period
to 18 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 18 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 29 52 68
Rank change year-on-year +23 +16 +2
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 127 182 250
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 6.19% 3.69% 3.67%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.94% 4.17% 4.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 131 159 195
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £425 £413 £417
90th Percentile £688 £750 £700
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 0
Median hourly rate £36.00 £48.89 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.36% - -
Central London median hourly rate £36.00 £48.50 -
% change year-on-year -25.77% - -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 1,831 4,367 6,010
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 89.19% 88.56% 88.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,356 3,427 4,739
Median daily rate £525 £513 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% - +2.50%
10th Percentile £313 £319 £315
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £514 £510 £513
% change year-on-year +0.78% -0.49% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 49 66
Median hourly rate £26.50 £20.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.50% +5.26% +1.60%
10th Percentile £13.63 £12.03 £13.00
90th Percentile £46.00 £52.25 £28.75
Median hourly rate £27.00 £20.42 £19.25
% change year-on-year +32.26% +6.05% -3.75%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

For the 6 months to 18 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 50 (39.37%) Agile Software Development
2 48 (37.80%) JavaScript
3 47 (37.01%) Azure
4 46 (36.22%) TDD
5 40 (31.50%) AWS
6 36 (28.35%) DevOps
7 35 (27.56%) AngularJS
8 34 (26.77%) Java
9 32 (25.20%) HTML
9 32 (25.20%) Jenkins
10 31 (24.41%) Git (software)
10 31 (24.41%) HTML5
11 28 (22.05%) CSS
11 28 (22.05%) Banking
11 28 (22.05%) Docker
12 26 (20.47%) Web Services
12 26 (20.47%) Microservices
13 25 (19.69%) Finance
14 23 (18.11%) CSS3
15 22 (17.32%) Sass
15 22 (17.32%) LESS
16 20 (15.75%) Vue.js
16 20 (15.75%) MVC
17 19 (14.96%) Spring
17 19 (14.96%) PHP
17 19 (14.96%) Vuetify.js
17 19 (14.96%) Laravel
18 18 (14.17%) React
19 17 (13.39%) Python
19 17 (13.39%) Kafka

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (3.94%) NServiceBus
2 4 (3.15%) Elasticsearch
3 3 (2.36%) WebLogic
4 2 (1.57%) Jupyter
4 2 (1.57%) SAS
5 1 (0.79%) Apache Spark
5 1 (0.79%) Confluence
5 1 (0.79%) MQSeries
5 1 (0.79%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 1 (0.79%) SharePoint
5 1 (0.79%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.79%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 3 (2.36%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.79%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 47 (37.01%) Azure
2 40 (31.50%) AWS
3 11 (8.66%) Serverless
4 9 (7.09%) PaaS
5 6 (4.72%) GCP
6 5 (3.94%) Amazon ECS
6 5 (3.94%) Amazon ElastiCache
6 5 (3.94%) Amazon Kinesis
6 5 (3.94%) AWS CloudFormation
6 5 (3.94%) Azure Functions
6 5 (3.94%) SaaS
7 4 (3.15%) IaaS
8 2 (1.57%) Apigee
8 2 (1.57%) GitHub
8 2 (1.57%) npm
8 2 (1.57%) Power Platform
9 1 (0.79%) AWS Lambda
9 1 (0.79%) Azure Active Directory
9 1 (0.79%) IBM Cloud
9 1 (0.79%) Kong
Communications & Networking
1 6 (4.72%) HTTP
2 3 (2.36%) DNS
2 3 (2.36%) FTP
2 3 (2.36%) SSL
2 3 (2.36%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.79%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (5.51%) MongoDB
1 7 (5.51%) PostgreSQL
1 7 (5.51%) Relational Database
2 5 (3.94%) RDBMS
3 3 (2.36%) Apache Hive
3 3 (2.36%) Blockchain
3 3 (2.36%) Data Warehouse
4 2 (1.57%) Big Data
4 2 (1.57%) Cloud Spanner
4 2 (1.57%) MySQL
4 2 (1.57%) Power BI
4 2 (1.57%) SQL Server
5 1 (0.79%) Apache Cassandra
5 1 (0.79%) Base SAS
5 1 (0.79%) Data Mart
5 1 (0.79%) Hadoop
5 1 (0.79%) HBase
5 1 (0.79%) NoSQL
5 1 (0.79%) Oracle Database 11g
5 1 (0.79%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 32 (25.20%) Jenkins
2 31 (24.41%) Git (software)
3 5 (3.94%) Gatling
3 5 (3.94%) Gradle
3 5 (3.94%) JUnit
4 4 (3.15%) GitLab
4 4 (3.15%) Maven
4 4 (3.15%) Xcode
5 3 (2.36%) Android Studio
5 3 (2.36%) Appium
5 3 (2.36%) Geb
5 3 (2.36%) gulp
5 3 (2.36%) JMeter
5 3 (2.36%) Spock
5 3 (2.36%) webpack
6 2 (1.57%) Bower
6 2 (1.57%) Grunt
6 2 (1.57%) Jasmine
6 2 (1.57%) Karma Test Runner
6 2 (1.57%) SonarQube
General
1 28 (22.05%) Banking
2 25 (19.69%) Finance
3 4 (3.15%) Front Office
3 4 (3.15%) Retail Banking
4 3 (2.36%) Investment Banking
5 2 (1.57%) Back Office
5 2 (1.57%) French Language
6 1 (0.79%) Manufacturing
6 1 (0.79%) Pharmaceutical
6 1 (0.79%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 74 (58.27%) Developer
2 27 (21.26%) Software Engineer
3 21 (16.54%) Backend Developer
4 19 (14.96%) PHP Developer
5 18 (14.17%) Java Developer
6 11 (8.66%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 10 (7.87%) Analyst
8 9 (7.09%) Business Analyst
9 8 (6.30%) Insurance Business Analyst
10 7 (5.51%) .NET Developer
11 6 (4.72%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 6 (4.72%) React Developer
11 6 (4.72%) Scala Engineer
12 5 (3.94%) Architect
12 5 (3.94%) DevOps Engineer
12 5 (3.94%) Java Engineer
12 5 (3.94%) Java Software Engineer
12 5 (3.94%) Senior Developer
12 5 (3.94%) Senior Software Engineer
12 5 (3.94%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (27.56%) AngularJS
2 32 (25.20%) HTML
3 31 (24.41%) HTML5
4 28 (22.05%) CSS
5 26 (20.47%) Web Services
6 23 (18.11%) CSS3
7 22 (17.32%) LESS
7 22 (17.32%) Sass
8 20 (15.75%) Vue.js
9 19 (14.96%) Laravel
9 19 (14.96%) Spring
9 19 (14.96%) Vuetify.js
10 18 (14.17%) React
11 17 (13.39%) Kafka
12 16 (12.60%) Spring Boot
13 15 (11.81%) REST
14 13 (10.24%) .NET
15 11 (8.66%) Redux
16 10 (7.87%) RESTful
17 9 (7.09%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 6 (4.72%) Enterprise Software
1 6 (4.72%) User Experience
2 5 (3.94%) Clustering
2 5 (3.94%) Derivative
2 5 (3.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 4 (3.15%) Data Centre
4 3 (2.36%) Data Structures
4 3 (2.36%) Equities
4 3 (2.36%) Greenfield Project
5 2 (1.57%) Algorithms
5 2 (1.57%) Fixed Income
5 2 (1.57%) Market Risk
5 2 (1.57%) Mobile App
5 2 (1.57%) Virtual Team
6 1 (0.79%) Analytical Skills
6 1 (0.79%) Cloud Native
6 1 (0.79%) Credit Derivative
6 1 (0.79%) Mobile Payment
6 1 (0.79%) RIA
6 1 (0.79%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 7 (5.51%) Linux
2 5 (3.94%) Android
3 3 (2.36%) Apple iOS
3 3 (2.36%) Unix
3 3 (2.36%) Windows
4 1 (0.79%) CentOS
4 1 (0.79%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 50 (39.37%) Agile Software Development
2 46 (36.22%) TDD
3 36 (28.35%) DevOps
4 26 (20.47%) Microservices
5 20 (15.75%) MVC
6 14 (11.02%) BDD
6 14 (11.02%) Multithreading
7 13 (10.24%) OO
8 12 (9.45%) Continuous Integration
8 12 (9.45%) Stakeholder Management
9 10 (7.87%) Insurtech
9 10 (7.87%) Requirements Gathering
10 9 (7.09%) Test Automation
11 8 (6.30%) Domain-Driven Design
11 8 (6.30%) Event-Driven Architecture
11 8 (6.30%) Front End Development
11 8 (6.30%) Performance Tuning
11 8 (6.30%) Software Delivery
11 8 (6.30%) Strategic Planning
12 7 (5.51%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 48 (37.80%) JavaScript
2 34 (26.77%) Java
3 19 (14.96%) PHP
4 17 (13.39%) Python
5 16 (12.60%) C#
6 13 (10.24%) TypeScript
7 12 (9.45%) Java 8
8 9 (7.09%) Scala
9 8 (6.30%) SQL
10 6 (4.72%) Go
10 6 (4.72%) Kotlin
10 6 (4.72%) Ruby
11 5 (3.94%) Apple Swift
12 3 (2.36%) C
12 3 (2.36%) PL/SQL
12 3 (2.36%) PowerShell
13 2 (1.57%) C++
13 2 (1.57%) Perl
13 2 (1.57%) Shell Script
14 1 (0.79%) COBOL
Qualifications
1 6 (4.72%) SC Cleared
1 6 (4.72%) Security Cleared
2 5 (3.94%) Degree
3 3 (2.36%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (1.57%) PhD
5 1 (0.79%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (3.94%) QA
2 1 (0.79%) SLA
System Software
1 28 (22.05%) Docker
2 2 (1.57%) Active Directory
2 2 (1.57%) Ceph
2 2 (1.57%) NFS
3 1 (0.79%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 14 (11.02%) Kubernetes
2 9 (7.09%) Terraform
3 3 (2.36%) Docker Swarm
3 3 (2.36%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (1.57%) Hadoop YARN
4 2 (1.57%) Mesos
5 1 (0.79%) Ansible
5 1 (0.79%) Kibana
5 1 (0.79%) logstash
Vendors
1 6 (4.72%) Microsoft
1 6 (4.72%) Oracle
2 5 (3.94%) Salesforce.com
3 2 (1.57%) Confluent
3 2 (1.57%) IBM
3 2 (1.57%) Informatica
3 2 (1.57%) Splunk
4 1 (0.79%) Atlassian
4 1 (0.79%) BEA
4 1 (0.79%) Databricks
4 1 (0.79%) Google
4 1 (0.79%) Luciad
4 1 (0.79%) Pega
4 1 (0.79%) Talend
4 1 (0.79%) webMethods