Period
to 28 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 28 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
Central London > City of London
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 29 43 52
Rank change year-on-year +14 +9 +14
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 242 80 262
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 6.52% 4.50% 4.27%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.19% 5.05% 4.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 203 62 217
10th Percentile £450 £425 £413
25th Percentile £475 £463 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% - -
75th Percentile £671 £633 £630
90th Percentile £774 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £525 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -4.55% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 1
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.50 £10.50
Median % change year-on-year -24.73% +342.86% -
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £46.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year -24.73% +181.82% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,364 1,583 5,568
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.63% 89.03% 90.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,505 1,163 4,407
10th Percentile £363 £313 £338
25th Percentile £463 £414 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £513 £525
Median % change year-on-year +7.32% -2.38% +3.96%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £600
90th Percentile £738 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £513 £520
% change year-on-year +7.32% -1.44% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 39 31 65
10th Percentile £10.80 £15.00 £11.25
25th Percentile £15.71 £18.75 £12.04
Median hourly rate £28.00 £35.50 £16.50
Median % change year-on-year -21.13% +115.15% -11.76%
75th Percentile £39.75 £46.88 £23.75
90th Percentile £63.75 £52.50 £46.03
Central London median hourly rate £25.50 £34.50 £19.25
% change year-on-year -26.09% +79.22% +2.94%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 156 (64.46%) Agile Software Development
2 75 (30.99%) SQL
3 72 (29.75%) AWS
4 65 (26.86%) Java
5 63 (26.03%) Azure
6 62 (25.62%) JavaScript
7 58 (23.97%) TDD
8 53 (21.90%) AngularJS
9 52 (21.49%) DevOps
9 52 (21.49%) Finance
9 52 (21.49%) Software Testing
10 51 (21.07%) Social Skills
11 45 (18.60%) Git (software)
12 44 (18.18%) Docker
12 44 (18.18%) Insurtech
13 43 (17.77%) Python
14 40 (16.53%) Jenkins
15 38 (15.70%) Stakeholder Management
16 37 (15.29%) Business Intelligence
16 37 (15.29%) Full Stack Development
17 36 (14.88%) Microservices
18 35 (14.46%) C#
18 35 (14.46%) Backlog Management
19 33 (13.64%) HTML
19 33 (13.64%) CSS
19 33 (13.64%) React
20 32 (13.22%) Web Services
20 32 (13.22%) Banking
21 31 (12.81%) PHP
21 31 (12.81%) Kafka

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (2.48%) Apache Spark
2 4 (1.65%) Apache
2 4 (1.65%) SharePoint
3 3 (1.24%) CMS
3 3 (1.24%) Confluence
3 3 (1.24%) Elasticsearch
4 2 (0.83%) Apache Airflow
4 2 (0.83%) TPMS
4 2 (0.83%) WordPress
5 1 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 1 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
5 1 (0.41%) EPiServer
Business Applications
1 4 (1.65%) SunGard Martini
2 1 (0.41%) Front Arena
2 1 (0.41%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 72 (29.75%) AWS
2 63 (26.03%) Azure
3 30 (12.40%) Power Platform
4 10 (4.13%) Serverless
5 8 (3.31%) AWS CloudFormation
5 8 (3.31%) GCP
6 7 (2.89%) AWS Lambda
7 6 (2.48%) Collibra
7 6 (2.48%) SaaS
8 4 (1.65%) Azure Active Directory
8 4 (1.65%) npm
9 3 (1.24%) Amazon Kinesis
9 3 (1.24%) GitHub
10 2 (0.83%) Amazon EMR
10 2 (0.83%) Amazon SQS
10 2 (0.83%) Azure Cosmos DB
10 2 (0.83%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
11 1 (0.41%) AWS Step Functions
11 1 (0.41%) dbt
11 1 (0.41%) Fivetran
Communications & Networking
1 11 (4.55%) HTTP
2 9 (3.72%) HTTPS
3 7 (2.89%) BGP
4 2 (0.83%) LAN
4 2 (0.83%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.41%) Broadband
5 1 (0.41%) DECT
5 1 (0.41%) IPv4
5 1 (0.41%) IPv6
5 1 (0.41%) Kerberos
5 1 (0.41%) Multicast
5 1 (0.41%) PPP
5 1 (0.41%) UPnP
5 1 (0.41%) VoIP
5 1 (0.41%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (12.40%) Power BI
2 26 (10.74%) Qlik Sense
2 26 (10.74%) QlikView
3 20 (8.26%) SQL Server
4 18 (7.44%) NoSQL
5 11 (4.55%) MongoDB
6 10 (4.13%) PostgreSQL
7 6 (2.48%) Big Data
7 6 (2.48%) MySQL
8 5 (2.07%) Amazon Redshift
8 5 (2.07%) Azure SQL Database
9 4 (1.65%) Hadoop
9 4 (1.65%) Redis
9 4 (1.65%) Relational Database
10 3 (1.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 3 (1.24%) Hazelcast
11 2 (0.83%) Data Lake
12 1 (0.41%) Amazon Aurora
12 1 (0.41%) HDInsight
12 1 (0.41%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 45 (18.60%) Git (software)
2 40 (16.53%) Jenkins
3 12 (4.96%) JIRA
4 5 (2.07%) Maven
4 5 (2.07%) Selenium
5 4 (1.65%) Bower
5 4 (1.65%) Cucumber
5 4 (1.65%) Grunt
5 4 (1.65%) JUnit
5 4 (1.65%) Mockito
5 4 (1.65%) Octopus Deploy
5 4 (1.65%) webpack
6 3 (1.24%) Bitbucket
6 3 (1.24%) GitLab
6 3 (1.24%) TeamCity
7 2 (0.83%) Android Studio
7 2 (0.83%) Calabash
7 2 (0.83%) GDB
7 2 (0.83%) Gradle
7 2 (0.83%) WebDriver
General
1 52 (21.49%) Finance
2 51 (21.07%) Social Skills
3 32 (13.22%) Banking
4 18 (7.44%) Investment Banking
5 14 (5.79%) Analytical Skills
6 8 (3.31%) Marketing
7 7 (2.89%) Front Office
8 4 (1.65%) Retail
9 3 (1.24%) International Banking
9 3 (1.24%) Legal
9 3 (1.24%) Organisational Skills
9 3 (1.24%) Presentation Skills
10 2 (0.83%) Back Office
10 2 (0.83%) Games
10 2 (0.83%) Multimedia
11 1 (0.41%) Public Sector
11 1 (0.41%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 103 (42.56%) Developer
2 49 (20.25%) Analyst
2 49 (20.25%) Business Analyst
3 41 (16.94%) Software Engineer
4 34 (14.05%) Insurance Business Analyst
5 29 (11.98%) Business Intelligence Analyst
5 29 (11.98%) Business Intelligence Business Analyst
5 29 (11.98%) Data Business Analyst
6 25 (10.33%) PHP Developer
7 24 (9.92%) SQL Analyst
7 24 (9.92%) SQL Data Analyst
8 20 (8.26%) Python Developer
9 18 (7.44%) Backend Developer
10 16 (6.61%) Java Developer
10 16 (6.61%) Senior Software Engineer
11 14 (5.79%) C# Developer
12 13 (5.37%) Java Engineer
13 12 (4.96%) Senior Developer
14 11 (4.55%) Agile Business Analyst
15 10 (4.13%) Engineering Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 53 (21.90%) AngularJS
2 33 (13.64%) CSS
2 33 (13.64%) HTML
2 33 (13.64%) React
3 32 (13.22%) Web Services
4 31 (12.81%) Kafka
5 27 (11.16%) .NET
5 27 (11.16%) Spring Boot
5 27 (11.16%) Vue.js
6 24 (9.92%) HTML5
6 24 (9.92%) Laravel
7 23 (9.50%) Node.js
8 22 (9.09%) CSS3
8 22 (9.09%) LESS
8 22 (9.09%) Sass
8 22 (9.09%) Vuetify.js
9 20 (8.26%) Spring
10 18 (7.44%) REST
11 14 (5.79%) RESTful
12 11 (4.55%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 18 (7.44%) Fixed Income
2 17 (7.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 15 (6.20%) Derivative
4 8 (3.31%) Equities
4 8 (3.31%) Mobile App
4 8 (3.31%) User Experience
5 7 (2.89%) Greenfield Project
5 7 (2.89%) Hedge funds
5 7 (2.89%) Market Risk
6 5 (2.07%) Credit Derivative
7 4 (1.65%) Algorithms
7 4 (1.65%) Public Cloud
7 4 (1.65%) Self-Motivation
8 3 (1.24%) Cloud Native
9 2 (0.83%) Client/Server
9 2 (0.83%) Data Structures
9 2 (0.83%) DTCC
9 2 (0.83%) Embedded Systems
9 2 (0.83%) Enterprise Software
9 2 (0.83%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 8 (3.31%) Android
1 8 (3.31%) Apple iOS
2 7 (2.89%) Linux
3 5 (2.07%) Windows
4 2 (0.83%) OpenWrt
5 1 (0.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (0.41%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 156 (64.46%) Agile Software Development
2 58 (23.97%) TDD
3 52 (21.49%) DevOps
3 52 (21.49%) Software Testing
4 44 (18.18%) Insurtech
5 38 (15.70%) Stakeholder Management
6 37 (15.29%) Business Intelligence
6 37 (15.29%) Full Stack Development
7 36 (14.88%) Microservices
8 35 (14.46%) Backlog Management
9 30 (12.40%) Scrum
9 30 (12.40%) User Stories
10 29 (11.98%) Backlog Prioritisation
10 29 (11.98%) Data Visualisation
10 29 (11.98%) Visualisation
11 28 (11.57%) MVC
11 28 (11.57%) Release Management
12 27 (11.16%) SDLC
13 26 (10.74%) Analytics
14 24 (9.92%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 75 (30.99%) SQL
2 65 (26.86%) Java
3 62 (25.62%) JavaScript
4 43 (17.77%) Python
5 35 (14.46%) C#
6 31 (12.81%) PHP
7 13 (5.37%) TypeScript
8 12 (4.96%) C++
8 12 (4.96%) Scala
9 11 (4.55%) Kotlin
10 5 (2.07%) Apple Swift
11 4 (1.65%) PowerShell
11 4 (1.65%) Shell Script
12 3 (1.24%) Java 8
12 3 (1.24%) Perl
13 2 (0.83%) Bash Shell
13 2 (0.83%) C
13 2 (0.83%) Go
14 1 (0.41%) Clojure
14 1 (0.41%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 13 (5.37%) Degree
2 4 (1.65%) AWS Certification
2 4 (1.65%) Computer Science Degree
2 4 (1.65%) SC Cleared
2 4 (1.65%) Security Cleared
3 2 (0.83%) DV Cleared
4 1 (0.41%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (7.85%) QA
2 3 (1.24%) Accessibility
3 2 (0.83%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.41%) JTAG
4 1 (0.41%) MiFID
System Software
1 44 (18.18%) Docker
2 4 (1.65%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 19 (7.85%) Kubernetes
2 5 (2.07%) Terraform
3 4 (1.65%) Ansible
4 1 (0.41%) Graylog
4 1 (0.41%) Kibana
4 1 (0.41%) logstash
Vendors
1 17 (7.02%) Oracle
2 16 (6.61%) Microsoft
3 9 (3.72%) Confluent
4 6 (2.48%) Salesforce.com
5 4 (1.65%) SunGard
6 3 (1.24%) Xamarin
7 2 (0.83%) Adobe
7 2 (0.83%) CA
7 2 (0.83%) CA Agile Central
7 2 (0.83%) Cloudera
7 2 (0.83%) Conga
7 2 (0.83%) hybris
7 2 (0.83%) MuleSoft
7 2 (0.83%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
7 2 (0.83%) Solace
8 1 (0.41%) Databricks
8 1 (0.41%) FIS
8 1 (0.41%) Google
8 1 (0.41%) Informatica
8 1 (0.41%) Sybase