Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
Central London > City of London
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 33 35 48
Rank change year-on-year +2 +13 +6
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 274 196 117
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 6.32% 6.19% 4.30%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.89% 6.77% 4.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 184 142 93
10th Percentile £463 £428 £408
25th Percentile £505 £463 £469
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £633 £512 £550
Median % change year-on-year +23.60% -6.95% -
75th Percentile £770 £635 £638
90th Percentile £813 £736 £724
Central London median daily rate £625 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +19.05% -4.55% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 4
10th Percentile £46.35 £25.10 £38.23
25th Percentile £49.50 £26.75 £38.24
Median hourly rate £52.50 £30.00 £38.50
Median % change year-on-year +75.00% -22.08% -31.25%
75th Percentile £54.13 £32.75 £41.00
90th Percentile £54.80 £34.10 £45.05
Central London median hourly rate £52.50 £30.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year +75.00% -22.08% -31.25%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,976 2,896 2,401
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 91.76% 91.47% 88.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,936 2,126 1,781
10th Percentile £388 £358 £338
25th Percentile £475 £450 £418
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £520
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +5.77% -0.95%
75th Percentile £696 £638 £603
90th Percentile £788 £719 £675
Central London median daily rate £575 £543 £510
% change year-on-year +5.99% +6.37% -2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 32 39
10th Percentile £18.50 £8.35 £12.42
25th Percentile £26.00 £12.38 £14.19
Median hourly rate £43.12 £23.23 £24.00
Median % change year-on-year +85.66% -3.23% +24.68%
75th Percentile £54.13 £32.55 £39.00
90th Percentile £60.85 £41.75 £53.30
Central London median hourly rate £42.75 £21.75 £26.22
% change year-on-year +96.55% -17.05% +32.76%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 116 (42.34%) Agile
2 102 (37.23%) DevOps
3 100 (36.50%) AWS
4 88 (32.12%) Java
5 87 (31.75%) Python
6 78 (28.47%) Microservices
7 74 (27.01%) Finance
8 66 (24.09%) Serverless
9 60 (21.90%) CI/CD
10 55 (20.07%) Azure
11 47 (17.15%) Test Automation
12 45 (16.42%) Docker
12 45 (16.42%) Kafka
13 43 (15.69%) Banking
13 43 (15.69%) Full Stack Development
14 41 (14.96%) TDD
15 38 (13.87%) Front Office
16 37 (13.50%) .NET
17 36 (13.14%) JavaScript
17 36 (13.14%) SQL
18 32 (11.68%) Scrum
18 32 (11.68%) React
18 32 (11.68%) Terraform
19 31 (11.31%) Kubernetes
19 31 (11.31%) C#
20 30 (10.95%) AWS Lambda
20 30 (10.95%) Social Skills
21 29 (10.58%) Linux
22 28 (10.22%) Go
23 27 (9.85%) OO

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (7.66%) Apache
2 4 (1.46%) Apache Spark
3 2 (0.73%) Apache Airflow
3 2 (0.73%) Confluence
3 2 (0.73%) Oracle Coherence
4 1 (0.36%) BizTalk Server
4 1 (0.36%) Camunda
4 1 (0.36%) Tomcat
Applications
1 1 (0.36%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 3 (1.09%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.36%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 100 (36.50%) AWS
2 66 (24.09%) Serverless
3 55 (20.07%) Azure
4 30 (10.95%) AWS Lambda
5 19 (6.93%) GitHub
6 15 (5.47%) AWS CloudFormation
6 15 (5.47%) GCP
7 14 (5.11%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 13 (4.74%) Datadog
9 11 (4.01%) Snowflake
10 9 (3.28%) Amazon Kinesis
10 9 (3.28%) SaaS
11 7 (2.55%) Amazon EC2
11 7 (2.55%) Azure DevOps
12 5 (1.82%) Amazon ECS
12 5 (1.82%) GitHub Actions
13 4 (1.46%) PaaS
14 3 (1.09%) Dynamics 365
14 3 (1.09%) IaaS
14 3 (1.09%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 7 (2.55%) HTTP
2 4 (1.46%) HTTPS
3 2 (0.73%) Network Security
4 1 (0.36%) DNS
4 1 (0.36%) Internet
4 1 (0.36%) MQTT
4 1 (0.36%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (5.11%) Data Warehouse
1 14 (5.11%) DynamoDB
1 14 (5.11%) NoSQL
2 11 (4.01%) MongoDB
2 11 (4.01%) PostgreSQL
2 11 (4.01%) SQL Server
3 6 (2.19%) Big Data
4 5 (1.82%) Relational Database
5 4 (1.46%) Amazon Aurora
5 4 (1.46%) Amazon Redshift
6 3 (1.09%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
6 3 (1.09%) Elasticsearch
6 3 (1.09%) Flink
6 3 (1.09%) MySQL
6 3 (1.09%) Redis
7 2 (0.73%) Amazon RDS
7 2 (0.73%) Metadata
7 2 (0.73%) Oracle Reports
8 1 (0.36%) Amazon Athena
8 1 (0.36%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 26 (9.49%) Jenkins
2 25 (9.12%) Git (software)
3 17 (6.20%) GitLab
4 10 (3.65%) Artifactory
4 10 (3.65%) SonarQube
5 6 (2.19%) CircleCI
5 6 (2.19%) Maven
6 5 (1.82%) git-flow
7 4 (1.46%) JIRA
7 4 (1.46%) TeamCity
7 4 (1.46%) Visual Studio
7 4 (1.46%) webpack
8 3 (1.09%) Cypress.io
8 3 (1.09%) IBM UrbanCode
8 3 (1.09%) IntelliJ
8 3 (1.09%) Jasmine
8 3 (1.09%) Mocha
9 2 (0.73%) Cucumber
9 2 (0.73%) Gradle
9 2 (0.73%) Oracle APEX
General
1 74 (27.01%) Finance
2 43 (15.69%) Banking
3 38 (13.87%) Front Office
4 30 (10.95%) Social Skills
5 16 (5.84%) Investment Banking
6 15 (5.47%) Analytical Skills
6 15 (5.47%) Financial Institution
7 5 (1.82%) Legal
7 5 (1.82%) Organisational Skills
8 4 (1.46%) Marketing
9 3 (1.09%) Electronics
9 3 (1.09%) Retail
10 2 (0.73%) Advertising
10 2 (0.73%) German Language
10 2 (0.73%) Influencing Skills
10 2 (0.73%) Presentation Skills
10 2 (0.73%) Telecoms
11 1 (0.36%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 1 (0.36%) Police
11 1 (0.36%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 97 (35.40%) Developer
2 72 (26.28%) Software Engineer
3 32 (11.68%) DevOps Engineer
3 32 (11.68%) Java Developer
4 25 (9.12%) AWS Engineer
5 22 (8.03%) Python Engineer
6 19 (6.93%) PHP Developer
7 18 (6.57%) Java Engineer
8 16 (5.84%) Senior Software Engineer
9 15 (5.47%) Software Manager
10 14 (5.11%) AWS DevOps
10 14 (5.11%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 14 (5.11%) Senior Developer
11 13 (4.74%) Engineering Manager
11 13 (4.74%) Java Software Engineer
12 12 (4.38%) AWS Software Engineer
12 12 (4.38%) C# Developer
13 11 (4.01%) Software Engineering Manager
14 10 (3.65%) Linux/Unix DevOps
14 10 (3.65%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (16.42%) Kafka
2 37 (13.50%) .NET
3 32 (11.68%) React
4 24 (8.76%) Spring
5 23 (8.39%) Node.js
6 21 (7.66%) REST
7 20 (7.30%) Spring Boot
8 16 (5.84%) CSS
8 16 (5.84%) HTML
9 15 (5.47%) AngularJS
10 14 (5.11%) ASP.NET
11 13 (4.74%) Symfony
12 11 (4.01%) RESTful
12 11 (4.01%) Web Services
13 10 (3.65%) .NET Framework
13 10 (3.65%) WPF
14 9 (3.28%) SOAP
14 9 (3.28%) WinForms
15 8 (2.92%) GraphQL
15 8 (2.92%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 16 (5.84%) Cloud Native
2 11 (4.01%) User Experience
3 9 (3.28%) Greenfield Project
3 9 (3.28%) Linux Command Line
4 8 (2.92%) Fixed Income
5 6 (2.19%) Algorithms
5 6 (2.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 6 (2.19%) Hedge funds
6 5 (1.82%) Data Structures
6 5 (1.82%) Equities
7 3 (1.09%) Educational Technology
7 3 (1.09%) Enterprise Software
7 3 (1.09%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (0.73%) IoT
8 2 (0.73%) Management Information System
8 2 (0.73%) Public Cloud
8 2 (0.73%) Social Media
9 1 (0.36%) Clustering
9 1 (0.36%) Grid Computing
9 1 (0.36%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 29 (10.58%) Linux
2 9 (3.28%) Unix
3 5 (1.82%) Android
4 3 (1.09%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (0.73%) Windows
6 1 (0.36%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 116 (42.34%) Agile
2 102 (37.23%) DevOps
3 78 (28.47%) Microservices
4 60 (21.90%) CI/CD
5 47 (17.15%) Test Automation
6 43 (15.69%) Full Stack Development
7 41 (14.96%) TDD
8 32 (11.68%) Scrum
9 27 (9.85%) OO
10 26 (9.49%) Continuous Integration
10 26 (9.49%) Infrastructure as Code
11 24 (8.76%) Mentoring
12 19 (6.93%) Kanban
12 19 (6.93%) SOLID
13 18 (6.57%) Continuous Delivery
13 18 (6.57%) Data Pipeline
14 17 (6.20%) Front End Development
14 17 (6.20%) Pair Programming
15 16 (5.84%) Computer Science
15 16 (5.84%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 88 (32.12%) Java
2 87 (31.75%) Python
3 36 (13.14%) JavaScript
3 36 (13.14%) SQL
4 31 (11.31%) C#
5 28 (10.22%) Go
6 21 (7.66%) PHP
7 19 (6.93%) C++
8 17 (6.20%) Scala
8 17 (6.20%) TypeScript
9 15 (5.47%) Ruby
10 9 (3.28%) Bash
11 4 (1.46%) C
11 4 (1.46%) ES6
11 4 (1.46%) PowerShell
12 2 (0.73%) Kotlin
12 2 (0.73%) Rust
12 2 (0.73%) Shell Script
13 1 (0.36%) Apple Swift
13 1 (0.36%) R
Qualifications
1 22 (8.03%) Security Cleared
2 21 (7.66%) SC Cleared
3 13 (4.74%) Degree
4 6 (2.19%) AWS Certification
4 6 (2.19%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.73%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.36%) APMP
6 1 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.36%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.36%) ISEB
6 1 (0.36%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.36%) PhD
6 1 (0.36%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (2.92%) QA
2 5 (1.82%) Accessibility
2 5 (1.82%) GDPR
3 1 (0.36%) COBIT
3 1 (0.36%) COSO
3 1 (0.36%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.36%) GRC
3 1 (0.36%) NIST
3 1 (0.36%) NIST 800
System Software
1 45 (16.42%) Docker
2 1 (0.36%) Microcode
2 1 (0.36%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 32 (11.68%) Terraform
2 31 (11.31%) Kubernetes
3 10 (3.65%) Ansible
3 10 (3.65%) HP Fortify
4 3 (1.09%) Puppet
5 2 (0.73%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.36%) Grafana
6 1 (0.36%) Hadoop YARN
6 1 (0.36%) Prometheus
6 1 (0.36%) Salt
Vendors
1 21 (7.66%) Microsoft
2 16 (5.84%) Oracle
3 13 (4.74%) Zend
4 9 (3.28%) Confluent
4 9 (3.28%) DevExpress
5 6 (2.19%) Red Hat
6 2 (0.73%) FIS
6 2 (0.73%) ForgeRock
6 2 (0.73%) Google
6 2 (0.73%) Informatica
6 2 (0.73%) New Relic
6 2 (0.73%) Rogue Wave
6 2 (0.73%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
6 2 (0.73%) Salesforce.com
6 2 (0.73%) Sybase
7 1 (0.36%) AppDynamics
7 1 (0.36%) Broadcom
7 1 (0.36%) Guidewire
7 1 (0.36%) PagerDuty
7 1 (0.36%) ServiceNow