Period
to 2 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 2 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
2 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 22 23 26
Rank change year-on-year +1 +3 +104
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 159 296 428
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 7.03% 6.47% 6.31%
As % of the Systems Management category 45.30% 43.34% 34.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 156 237 342
Median daily rate £550 £598 £575
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -7.95% +3.91% +4.55%
10th Percentile £363 £470 £469
90th Percentile £700 £680 £699
Central London median daily rate £550 £600 £575
% change year-on-year -8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 351 683 1,248
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 15.52% 14.94% 18.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 273 526 975
Median daily rate £525 £525 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -4.55% +7.32%
10th Percentile £309 £318 £290
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £550
% change year-on-year - -4.55% +9.84%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 12 21
Median hourly rate £23.00 £17.60 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +30.68% +0.57% -12.50%
Median hourly rate £23.00 £18.70 £18.10
% change year-on-year +22.99% +3.31% -17.73%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the City of London

For the 6 months to 2 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 97 (61.01%) Docker
2 89 (55.97%) Java
3 70 (44.03%) DevOps
4 58 (36.48%) Agile Software Development
4 58 (36.48%) AWS
5 48 (30.19%) Python
6 47 (29.56%) Microservices
7 45 (28.30%) TDD
8 43 (27.04%) Azure
8 43 (27.04%) Spring
9 41 (25.79%) Kafka
10 37 (23.27%) Jenkins
11 35 (22.01%) Terraform
11 35 (22.01%) Git (software)
12 32 (20.13%) Linux
12 32 (20.13%) Spring Boot
13 29 (18.24%) Finance
14 27 (16.98%) Java 8
15 25 (15.72%) Banking
15 25 (15.72%) JavaScript
16 23 (14.47%) Security Cleared
16 23 (14.47%) GCP
17 22 (13.84%) Node.js
18 19 (11.95%) SC Cleared
19 18 (11.32%) Ansible
20 17 (10.69%) Ruby
21 16 (10.06%) NoSQL
21 16 (10.06%) Infrastructure as Code
22 15 (9.43%) React
22 15 (9.43%) GitHub

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (8.18%) Elasticsearch
2 2 (1.26%) Apache Airflow
2 2 (1.26%) Apache Spark
2 2 (1.26%) Appian
2 2 (1.26%) Camunda
2 2 (1.26%) Confluence
2 2 (1.26%) Jupyter
2 2 (1.26%) Mule
2 2 (1.26%) nginx
3 1 (0.63%) Apache Solr
3 1 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
3 1 (0.63%) Drupal
3 1 (0.63%) JBoss
3 1 (0.63%) Red Hat Fuse
Business Applications
1 3 (1.89%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 58 (36.48%) AWS
2 43 (27.04%) Azure
3 23 (14.47%) GCP
4 15 (9.43%) GitHub
5 12 (7.55%) OpenShift
6 9 (5.66%) Amazon EC2
6 9 (5.66%) SaaS
7 7 (4.40%) Amazon EKS
7 7 (4.40%) IaaS
8 6 (3.77%) Amazon S3
9 5 (3.14%) Amazon Cognito
9 5 (3.14%) Amazon SQS
9 5 (3.14%) PaaS
9 5 (3.14%) Serverless
9 5 (3.14%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 4 (2.52%) Amazon ECS
10 4 (2.52%) Apigee
10 4 (2.52%) AWS CloudFormation
10 4 (2.52%) Cloud Computing
11 3 (1.89%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 13 (8.18%) Firewall
2 9 (5.66%) Internet
3 8 (5.03%) TCP/IP
4 5 (3.14%) BGP
4 5 (3.14%) MPLS
4 5 (3.14%) SNMP
5 4 (2.52%) HTTP
6 3 (1.89%) DNS
7 2 (1.26%) FTP
7 2 (1.26%) Network Security
7 2 (1.26%) SSL
7 2 (1.26%) Unified Communications
8 1 (0.63%) BIG-IP
8 1 (0.63%) Cisco ASA
8 1 (0.63%) Cisco IOS
8 1 (0.63%) H.323
8 1 (0.63%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.63%) MGCP
8 1 (0.63%) Sourcefire
8 1 (0.63%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (10.06%) NoSQL
2 11 (6.92%) MongoDB
3 8 (5.03%) Neo4j
4 6 (3.77%) Apache Cassandra
5 5 (3.14%) Big Data
6 4 (2.52%) MySQL
6 4 (2.52%) SQL Server
7 3 (1.89%) Blockchain
7 3 (1.89%) Data Warehouse
7 3 (1.89%) PostgreSQL
7 3 (1.89%) Relational Database
8 2 (1.26%) Apache Hive
8 2 (1.26%) Cloud Spanner
8 2 (1.26%) Couchbase
8 2 (1.26%) Flink
8 2 (1.26%) Snowflake Schema
9 1 (0.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 1 (0.63%) Hazelcast
9 1 (0.63%) RDBMS
9 1 (0.63%) Redis
Development Applications
1 37 (23.27%) Jenkins
2 35 (22.01%) Git (software)
3 12 (7.55%) Maven
4 8 (5.03%) JUnit
5 7 (4.40%) Cucumber
5 7 (4.40%) Selenium
6 5 (3.14%) Artifactory
6 5 (3.14%) Mockito
7 4 (2.52%) CircleCI
7 4 (2.52%) Gatling
7 4 (2.52%) GoCD
7 4 (2.52%) JIRA
7 4 (2.52%) JMeter
7 4 (2.52%) Mocha
7 4 (2.52%) Octopus Deploy
7 4 (2.52%) webpack
8 3 (1.89%) GitLab
8 3 (1.89%) Hudson
8 3 (1.89%) Snyk
8 3 (1.89%) SonarQube
General
1 29 (18.24%) Finance
2 25 (15.72%) Banking
3 14 (8.81%) Investment Banking
4 9 (5.66%) Front Office
5 4 (2.52%) Public Sector
5 4 (2.52%) Retail
6 2 (1.26%) Financial Institution
6 2 (1.26%) Games
6 2 (1.26%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.63%) Aerospace
7 1 (0.63%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 77 (48.43%) Developer
2 46 (28.93%) Java Developer
3 25 (15.72%) DevOps Engineer
4 13 (8.18%) Architect
4 13 (8.18%) Senior Developer
5 10 (6.29%) Senior Java Developer
6 9 (5.66%) AWS DevOps
7 8 (5.03%) AWS Engineer
8 7 (4.40%) Solutions Architect
9 6 (3.77%) AWS Developer
10 5 (3.14%) Azure DevOps
10 5 (3.14%) Ruby Developer
11 4 (2.52%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 4 (2.52%) Cloud Engineer
11 4 (2.52%) Data Engineer
11 4 (2.52%) DevOps Developer
11 4 (2.52%) Full Stack Developer
11 4 (2.52%) PHP Developer
11 4 (2.52%) Python Developer
11 4 (2.52%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 43 (27.04%) Spring
2 41 (25.79%) Kafka
3 32 (20.13%) Spring Boot
4 22 (13.84%) Node.js
5 15 (9.43%) React
6 14 (8.81%) Elastic Stack
7 10 (6.29%) REST
8 9 (5.66%) RESTful
9 7 (4.40%) .NET
9 7 (4.40%) AngularJS
9 7 (4.40%) GraphQL
10 6 (3.77%) CSS
10 6 (3.77%) Web Services
10 6 (3.77%) XML
11 5 (3.14%) CORBA
11 5 (3.14%) JSON
11 5 (3.14%) Redux
11 5 (3.14%) Ruby on Rails
12 4 (2.52%) J2EE
12 4 (2.52%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 14 (8.81%) Public Cloud
2 12 (7.55%) Cloud Native
3 10 (6.29%) Credit Risk
3 10 (6.29%) Grid Computing
4 9 (5.66%) Greenfield Project
4 9 (5.66%) Market Risk
5 6 (3.77%) Analytical Skills
5 6 (3.77%) Management Information System
6 4 (2.52%) Fixed Income
6 4 (2.52%) SWIFT
7 3 (1.89%) Analytical Mindset
7 3 (1.89%) Renewable Energy
7 3 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (1.26%) Algorithms
8 2 (1.26%) Data Centre
8 2 (1.26%) Data Structures
8 2 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
8 2 (1.26%) Equities
8 2 (1.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 2 (1.26%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 32 (20.13%) Linux
2 13 (8.18%) Unix
3 5 (3.14%) Windows
4 2 (1.26%) CentOS
4 2 (1.26%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 70 (44.03%) DevOps
2 58 (36.48%) Agile Software Development
3 47 (29.56%) Microservices
4 45 (28.30%) TDD
5 16 (10.06%) Infrastructure as Code
6 15 (9.43%) BDD
6 15 (9.43%) Scrum
7 13 (8.18%) Migration
7 13 (8.18%) Software Engineering
8 12 (7.55%) Continuous Integration
8 12 (7.55%) Test Automation
9 11 (6.92%) Configuration Management
9 11 (6.92%) Mentoring
10 10 (6.29%) Load Balancing
11 9 (5.66%) Data Analysis
11 9 (5.66%) Low Latency
11 9 (5.66%) Site Reliability Engineering
12 8 (5.03%) Artificial Intelligence
12 8 (5.03%) Continuous Delivery
12 8 (5.03%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 89 (55.97%) Java
2 48 (30.19%) Python
3 27 (16.98%) Java 8
4 25 (15.72%) JavaScript
5 17 (10.69%) Ruby
6 15 (9.43%) SQL
7 13 (8.18%) Perl
8 11 (6.92%) Bash Shell
8 11 (6.92%) Go
9 10 (6.29%) PHP
10 9 (5.66%) PL/SQL
11 8 (5.03%) TypeScript
12 7 (4.40%) Scala
13 6 (3.77%) C#
13 6 (3.77%) C++
14 4 (2.52%) ES6
15 3 (1.89%) C
16 2 (1.26%) Groovy
16 2 (1.26%) PowerShell
16 2 (1.26%) R
Qualifications
1 23 (14.47%) Security Cleared
2 19 (11.95%) SC Cleared
3 4 (2.52%) AWS Certification
4 3 (1.89%) BPSS Clearance
4 3 (1.89%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.63%) CCNA
5 1 (0.63%) CCNP
5 1 (0.63%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (0.63%) Degree
5 1 (0.63%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (1.26%) ISO 20022
1 2 (1.26%) QA
2 1 (0.63%) IFRS
2 1 (0.63%) SLA
System Software
1 97 (61.01%) Docker
2 3 (1.89%) Ceph
2 3 (1.89%) NFS
3 2 (1.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.63%) VMware NSX
4 1 (0.63%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 35 (22.01%) Terraform
2 18 (11.32%) Ansible
3 12 (7.55%) Opscode Chef
3 12 (7.55%) Puppet
4 8 (5.03%) Netcool
5 6 (3.77%) Rundeck
6 4 (2.52%) Istio
7 3 (1.89%) Grafana
7 3 (1.89%) Hadoop YARN
7 3 (1.89%) HP Fortify
7 3 (1.89%) Mesos
7 3 (1.89%) Prometheus
7 3 (1.89%) Salt
8 2 (1.26%) Consul
8 2 (1.26%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.63%) Cisco CUCM
9 1 (0.63%) Cisco Prime
9 1 (0.63%) ITRS Geneos
9 1 (0.63%) SolarWinds Orion
9 1 (0.63%) vRealize
Vendors
1 9 (5.66%) Google
2 8 (5.03%) AppDynamics
2 8 (5.03%) Microsoft
2 8 (5.03%) SevOne
3 6 (3.77%) Atlassian
4 4 (2.52%) SaltStack
5 3 (1.89%) Splunk
5 3 (1.89%) VMware
6 2 (1.26%) Confluent
6 2 (1.26%) Dynatrace
6 2 (1.26%) Hortonworks
6 2 (1.26%) MuleSoft
6 2 (1.26%) Oracle
6 2 (1.26%) Sybase
7 1 (0.63%) CheckPoint
7 1 (0.63%) Cisco
7 1 (0.63%) Databricks
7 1 (0.63%) Murex
7 1 (0.63%) Palo Alto
7 1 (0.63%) SolarWinds