Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 19 22 27
Rank change year-on-year +3 +5 +6
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 308 152 312
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 7.67% 7.21% 6.41%
As % of the Systems Management category 45.16% 44.71% 42.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 269 131 253
10th Percentile £475 £308 £463
25th Percentile £548 £458 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £540 £600
Median % change year-on-year +15.74% -10.00% +4.35%
75th Percentile £738 £638 £644
90th Percentile £813 £700 £688
Central London median daily rate £641 £550 £600
% change year-on-year +16.45% -8.33% +4.35%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 682 340 742
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 16.99% 16.12% 15.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 591 267 589
10th Percentile £425 £311 £307
25th Percentile £509 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - -2.78%
75th Percentile £688 £600 £625
90th Percentile £775 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £575 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +9.52% - -4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 13
10th Percentile £38.13 - £13.01
25th Percentile £42.81 - £14.00
Median hourly rate £53.75 £23.00 £19.50
Median % change year-on-year +133.70% +17.95% +7.73%
75th Percentile £67.81 - £21.00
90th Percentile £74.38 - £21.80
Central London median hourly rate £53.75 £23.00 £19.75
% change year-on-year +133.70% +16.46% +5.61%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 225 (73.05%) Docker
2 196 (63.64%) CI/CD
3 193 (62.66%) DevOps
4 157 (50.97%) Terraform
4 157 (50.97%) AWS
5 119 (38.64%) Agile Software Development
6 96 (31.17%) Azure
6 96 (31.17%) Jenkins
7 90 (29.22%) Java
8 81 (26.30%) Python
9 76 (24.68%) Microservices
10 75 (24.35%) Infrastructure as Code
11 72 (23.38%) Ansible
12 59 (19.16%) Finance
13 52 (16.88%) GCP
14 47 (15.26%) Linux
15 42 (13.64%) TDD
15 42 (13.64%) Kafka
15 42 (13.64%) Git (software)
16 40 (12.99%) PowerShell
17 37 (12.01%) Cloud Native
18 36 (11.69%) Serverless
18 36 (11.69%) Social Skills
19 33 (10.71%) Migration
19 33 (10.71%) AWS CloudFormation
20 32 (10.39%) Puppet
20 32 (10.39%) .NET
21 31 (10.06%) Spring
21 31 (10.06%) Software Engineering
22 30 (9.74%) Data Protection

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (5.19%) Apache Spark
2 12 (3.90%) Confluence
3 9 (2.92%) OpenStack
4 5 (1.62%) Apache Airflow
4 5 (1.62%) Elasticsearch
5 4 (1.30%) Apache
5 4 (1.30%) IIS
5 4 (1.30%) nginx
5 4 (1.30%) SharePoint
6 3 (0.97%) Tomcat
6 3 (0.97%) WebLogic
7 2 (0.65%) Camunda
8 1 (0.32%) CMS
8 1 (0.32%) GeoServer
8 1 (0.32%) Jetty
8 1 (0.32%) SharePoint Server
8 1 (0.32%) Tornado
Applications
1 1 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.65%) Cloudability
Cloud Services
1 157 (50.97%) AWS
2 96 (31.17%) Azure
3 52 (16.88%) GCP
4 36 (11.69%) Serverless
5 33 (10.71%) AWS CloudFormation
6 26 (8.44%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 22 (7.14%) SaaS
8 20 (6.49%) GitHub
8 20 (6.49%) OpenShift
9 19 (6.17%) AWS Lambda
10 17 (5.52%) PaaS
11 15 (4.87%) Amazon EC2
12 14 (4.55%) Amazon S3
13 12 (3.90%) Amazon EKS
14 9 (2.92%) Amazon Kinesis
15 7 (2.27%) Amazon EMR
16 5 (1.62%) Amazon ECS
16 5 (1.62%) Azure Active Directory
16 5 (1.62%) Azure Synapse Analytics
17 4 (1.30%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 11 (3.57%) DNS
2 10 (3.25%) HTTP
3 8 (2.60%) Firewall
4 5 (1.62%) Internet
4 5 (1.62%) Kerberos
4 5 (1.62%) SSL
5 3 (0.97%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.65%) 5G
6 2 (0.65%) AMQP
6 2 (0.65%) Broadband
6 2 (0.65%) MQTT
6 2 (0.65%) SAN
6 2 (0.65%) SNMP
6 2 (0.65%) VSAN
7 1 (0.32%) Intranet
7 1 (0.32%) NAS
7 1 (0.32%) SSH
7 1 (0.32%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (7.79%) SQL Server
2 22 (7.14%) PostgreSQL
3 19 (6.17%) NoSQL
4 13 (4.22%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 13 (4.22%) Redis
5 12 (3.90%) MongoDB
5 12 (3.90%) MySQL
6 8 (2.60%) Big Data
7 7 (2.27%) Hadoop
8 6 (1.95%) RDBMS
8 6 (1.95%) Relational Database
9 5 (1.62%) Amazon RDS
9 5 (1.62%) Couchbase
9 5 (1.62%) Data Lake
9 5 (1.62%) Data Warehouse
10 3 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
10 3 (0.97%) BigQuery
11 2 (0.65%) Cloudera CDH
11 2 (0.65%) Flink
11 2 (0.65%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 96 (31.17%) Jenkins
2 42 (13.64%) Git (software)
3 27 (8.77%) Cucumber
4 26 (8.44%) JIRA
4 26 (8.44%) TeamCity
5 24 (7.79%) Maven
6 21 (6.82%) Bitbucket
7 19 (6.17%) GitLab
8 15 (4.87%) CircleCI
9 11 (3.57%) Sonatype Nexus
9 11 (3.57%) Terragrunt
10 10 (3.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 10 (3.25%) GoCD
11 9 (2.92%) Selenium
11 9 (2.92%) SonarQube
11 9 (2.92%) Subversion
12 8 (2.60%) Artifactory
13 4 (1.30%) Robot Framework
14 3 (0.97%) Gatling
14 3 (0.97%) Gradle
General
1 59 (19.16%) Finance
2 36 (11.69%) Social Skills
3 27 (8.77%) Legal
4 25 (8.12%) Banking
4 25 (8.12%) Financial Institution
5 15 (4.87%) Retail
6 12 (3.90%) Investment Banking
7 11 (3.57%) Analytical Skills
7 11 (3.57%) Public Sector
8 5 (1.62%) Front Office
9 4 (1.30%) Billing
9 4 (1.30%) Marketing
9 4 (1.30%) Telecoms
10 3 (0.97%) Back Office
10 3 (0.97%) International Banking
11 2 (0.65%) Influencing Skills
11 2 (0.65%) Law
11 2 (0.65%) Organisational Skills
11 2 (0.65%) Presentation Skills
12 1 (0.32%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 74 (24.03%) Developer
2 59 (19.16%) DevOps Engineer
3 43 (13.96%) Architect
4 28 (9.09%) Java Developer
5 27 (8.77%) AWS Engineer
5 27 (8.77%) Senior DevOps
6 19 (6.17%) Scala Developer
7 16 (5.19%) Solutions Architect
8 15 (4.87%) AWS DevOps
8 15 (4.87%) Software Engineer
9 14 (4.55%) Azure Engineer
9 14 (4.55%) Cloud Architect
10 13 (4.22%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 11 (3.57%) Java Engineer
11 11 (3.57%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 10 (3.25%) Cloud Engineer
12 10 (3.25%) Platform Engineer
13 8 (2.60%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 7 (2.27%) AWS Architect
14 7 (2.27%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (13.64%) Kafka
2 32 (10.39%) .NET
3 31 (10.06%) Spring
4 28 (9.09%) REST
5 17 (5.52%) Node.js
6 15 (4.87%) Play Framework
7 14 (4.55%) React
8 11 (3.57%) Akka
9 10 (3.25%) RESTful
10 9 (2.92%) .NET Framework
10 9 (2.92%) Apache Avro
10 9 (2.92%) Scalaz
11 7 (2.27%) Vert.x
12 6 (1.95%) ARM Templates
12 6 (1.95%) GraphQL
12 6 (1.95%) gRPC
12 6 (1.95%) HTML
12 6 (1.95%) JSON
12 6 (1.95%) OAuth
13 5 (1.62%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 37 (12.01%) Cloud Native
2 25 (8.12%) Hedge funds
3 17 (5.52%) Greenfield Project
4 15 (4.87%) Public Cloud
5 8 (2.60%) Self-Motivation
6 7 (2.27%) Data Centre
7 6 (1.95%) Linux Command Line
8 5 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
8 5 (1.62%) Legacy Systems
9 4 (1.30%) Algorithms
9 4 (1.30%) Derivative
9 4 (1.30%) Exotic Derivative
9 4 (1.30%) Management Information System
10 3 (0.97%) CMDB
10 3 (0.97%) Enterprise Cloud
10 3 (0.97%) Equities
10 3 (0.97%) NHS
10 3 (0.97%) Social Media
11 2 (0.65%) Analytical Mindset
11 2 (0.65%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 47 (15.26%) Linux
2 23 (7.47%) Unix
3 17 (5.52%) Windows
4 5 (1.62%) Ubuntu
5 4 (1.30%) Windows Server 2008
5 4 (1.30%) Windows Server 2012
6 3 (0.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (0.97%) Solaris
6 3 (0.97%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.65%) Debian
7 2 (0.65%) Windows Server 2016
7 2 (0.65%) Windows Server 2019
8 1 (0.32%) CentOS
8 1 (0.32%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.32%) Oracle Linux
8 1 (0.32%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 196 (63.64%) CI/CD
2 193 (62.66%) DevOps
3 119 (38.64%) Agile Software Development
4 76 (24.68%) Microservices
5 75 (24.35%) Infrastructure as Code
6 42 (13.64%) TDD
7 33 (10.71%) Migration
8 31 (10.06%) Software Engineering
9 30 (9.74%) Data Protection
10 24 (7.79%) Test Automation
11 23 (7.47%) Configuration Management
11 23 (7.47%) Continuous Integration
12 22 (7.14%) Site Reliability Engineering
13 21 (6.82%) Scrum
13 21 (6.82%) SDLC
14 20 (6.49%) AOP
15 19 (6.17%) Analytics
16 18 (5.84%) Fintech
17 17 (5.52%) Deployment Automation
18 16 (5.19%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 90 (29.22%) Java
2 81 (26.30%) Python
3 40 (12.99%) PowerShell
4 30 (9.74%) Scala
5 23 (7.47%) Bash
6 21 (6.82%) SQL
7 19 (6.17%) JavaScript
8 17 (5.52%) C#
9 16 (5.19%) Go
10 14 (4.55%) Ruby
11 13 (4.22%) Groovy
12 7 (2.27%) C++
12 7 (2.27%) TypeScript
13 5 (1.62%) Perl
14 4 (1.30%) C
14 4 (1.30%) Shell Script
15 3 (0.97%) Java 8
15 3 (0.97%) Kotlin
16 2 (0.65%) Rust
16 2 (0.65%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 17 (5.52%) Security Cleared
2 16 (5.19%) Degree
3 10 (3.25%) SC Cleared
4 7 (2.27%) AWS Certification
5 4 (1.30%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (0.97%) CISSP
7 2 (0.65%) CCIE
7 2 (0.65%) CCNA
7 2 (0.65%) CCNP
7 2 (0.65%) Cisco Certification
7 2 (0.65%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 2 (0.65%) Numerate Degree
7 2 (0.65%) RHCA
7 2 (0.65%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 1 (0.32%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.32%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.32%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (8.77%) GDPR
2 6 (1.95%) QA
3 3 (0.97%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.65%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.32%) Actionable Recommendations
5 1 (0.32%) HIPAA
5 1 (0.32%) IFRS
5 1 (0.32%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.32%) NCSC
5 1 (0.32%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 225 (73.05%) Docker
2 12 (3.90%) Active Directory
3 8 (2.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (1.62%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (1.30%) vCloud
6 3 (0.97%) VMware ESXi
6 3 (0.97%) vSphere
7 2 (0.65%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.65%) NFS
7 2 (0.65%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.32%) GeoWebCache
8 1 (0.32%) Veritas File System
8 1 (0.32%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 1 (0.32%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 157 (50.97%) Terraform
2 72 (23.38%) Ansible
3 32 (10.39%) Puppet
4 19 (6.17%) Opscode Chef
5 13 (4.22%) Prometheus
6 11 (3.57%) Grafana
6 11 (3.57%) Packer
7 5 (1.62%) Consul
7 5 (1.62%) Istio
8 4 (1.30%) Nagios
9 3 (0.97%) BladeLogic
9 3 (0.97%) Icinga
9 3 (0.97%) ITRS Geneos
9 3 (0.97%) ZABBIX
10 2 (0.65%) Fluentd
10 2 (0.65%) HAProxy
10 2 (0.65%) Kibana
10 2 (0.65%) QRadar
10 2 (0.65%) Red Hat Satellite
10 2 (0.65%) vRealize
Vendors
1 24 (7.79%) Microsoft
2 16 (5.19%) Oracle
3 13 (4.22%) Red Hat
4 12 (3.90%) Google
4 12 (3.90%) VMware
5 9 (2.92%) Splunk
6 7 (2.27%) CyberArk
6 7 (2.27%) Sybase
7 5 (1.62%) Cisco
7 5 (1.62%) Databricks
7 5 (1.62%) SaltStack
8 3 (0.97%) AppDynamics
8 3 (0.97%) Atlassian
8 3 (0.97%) Confluent
8 3 (0.97%) IBM
8 3 (0.97%) ServiceNow
9 2 (0.65%) Avaya
9 2 (0.65%) BMC
9 2 (0.65%) CA
9 2 (0.65%) EMC