Period
to 25 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 25 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
25 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 17 25 50
Rank change year-on-year +8 +25 +79
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 136 419 332
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 7.67% 6.71% 4.75%
As % of the Systems Management category 45.03% 38.02% 30.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 133 359 269
Median daily rate £550 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.35% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £425 £456 £425
90th Percentile £673 £713 £725
Central London median daily rate £550 £575 £550
% change year-on-year -4.35% +4.55% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.85 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.29% - -
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £46.85 £35.00
% change year-on-year -25.29% +33.85% -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 302 1,102 1,081
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 17.02% 17.65% 15.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 223 891 875
Median daily rate £525 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% +2.94%
10th Percentile £363 £338 £325
90th Percentile £638 £681 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £540 £525
% change year-on-year -2.78% +2.86% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 22 26
Median hourly rate £24.22 £21.00 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.33% +12.30% -9.57%
10th Percentile £14.98 £12.88 £13.31
90th Percentile £32.91 £48.90 £25.50
Median hourly rate £17.13 £21.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year -18.45% +12.30% -1.58%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London over the 6 months to 25 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the City of London

For the 6 months to 25 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 82 (60.29%) Docker
2 66 (48.53%) DevOps
3 62 (45.59%) AWS
4 57 (41.91%) Azure
5 51 (37.50%) Java
6 45 (33.09%) Agile Software Development
6 45 (33.09%) Microservices
7 43 (31.62%) Python
8 37 (27.21%) Terraform
9 35 (25.74%) Finance
10 34 (25.00%) Ansible
11 32 (23.53%) GCP
12 29 (21.32%) Jenkins
12 29 (21.32%) Continuous Integration
13 28 (20.59%) Linux
14 27 (19.85%) TDD
15 25 (18.38%) Git (software)
16 21 (15.44%) Security Cleared
17 20 (14.71%) Puppet
18 19 (13.97%) Kafka
18 19 (13.97%) Infrastructure as Code
19 18 (13.24%) Bash Shell
19 18 (13.24%) NoSQL
19 18 (13.24%) SC Cleared
20 17 (12.50%) SQL
20 17 (12.50%) Opscode Chef
21 16 (11.76%) Spring
22 15 (11.03%) Banking
22 15 (11.03%) Software Engineering
23 14 (10.29%) Test Automation

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (5.88%) Apache Spark
1 8 (5.88%) Elasticsearch
2 5 (3.68%) Apache
3 4 (2.94%) Confluence
4 2 (1.47%) nginx
4 2 (1.47%) SharePoint
4 2 (1.47%) Tomcat
5 1 (0.74%) BizTalk Server
5 1 (0.74%) CMS
5 1 (0.74%) Drupal
5 1 (0.74%) JBoss
5 1 (0.74%) Liferay
5 1 (0.74%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 1 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (1.47%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.74%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 62 (45.59%) AWS
2 57 (41.91%) Azure
3 32 (23.53%) GCP
4 12 (8.82%) GitHub
5 11 (8.09%) OpenShift
6 8 (5.88%) Serverless
7 6 (4.41%) Amazon EKS
7 6 (4.41%) SaaS
8 5 (3.68%) Amazon EC2
8 5 (3.68%) AWS CloudFormation
8 5 (3.68%) Cloud Computing
8 5 (3.68%) IaaS
8 5 (3.68%) PaaS
9 4 (2.94%) Amazon Cognito
9 4 (2.94%) Amazon S3
9 4 (2.94%) AWS Lambda
9 4 (2.94%) Logic Apps
9 4 (2.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 3 (2.21%) Amazon ECS
10 3 (2.21%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 12 (8.82%) HTTPS
2 11 (8.09%) Firewall
2 11 (8.09%) TCP/IP
3 9 (6.62%) SSL
4 7 (5.15%) HTTP
5 5 (3.68%) DNS
5 5 (3.68%) Kerberos
6 4 (2.94%) Intrusion Detection
6 4 (2.94%) IPsec
6 4 (2.94%) SNMP
7 3 (2.21%) BGP
7 3 (2.21%) DHCP
7 3 (2.21%) Internet
7 3 (2.21%) MPLS
7 3 (2.21%) VPN
8 2 (1.47%) DSL
9 1 (0.74%) FTP
9 1 (0.74%) Intranet
9 1 (0.74%) SAN
9 1 (0.74%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (13.24%) NoSQL
2 10 (7.35%) Big Data
2 10 (7.35%) MySQL
3 9 (6.62%) SQL Server
4 8 (5.88%) MongoDB
5 7 (5.15%) Apache Cassandra
5 7 (5.15%) Hadoop
5 7 (5.15%) PostgreSQL
6 3 (2.21%) Amazon Redshift
6 3 (2.21%) Neo4j
7 2 (1.47%) Amazon Aurora
7 2 (1.47%) Amazon RDS
7 2 (1.47%) Blockchain
7 2 (1.47%) Cosmos DB
7 2 (1.47%) Spark SQL
8 1 (0.74%) Couchbase
8 1 (0.74%) Flink
8 1 (0.74%) Impala
8 1 (0.74%) MariaDB
8 1 (0.74%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 29 (21.32%) Jenkins
2 25 (18.38%) Git (software)
3 7 (5.15%) JIRA
4 6 (4.41%) TeamCity
5 5 (3.68%) Cucumber
5 5 (3.68%) GitLab
5 5 (3.68%) Sonatype Nexus
6 4 (2.94%) GoCD
6 4 (2.94%) Gradle
6 4 (2.94%) Octopus Deploy
6 4 (2.94%) Selenium
6 4 (2.94%) Subversion
7 3 (2.21%) Bitbucket
7 3 (2.21%) JUnit
7 3 (2.21%) Maven
7 3 (2.21%) Mockito
8 2 (1.47%) Hudson
8 2 (1.47%) Liquibase
8 2 (1.47%) NeoLoad
8 2 (1.47%) SpecFlow
General
1 35 (25.74%) Finance
2 15 (11.03%) Banking
3 6 (4.41%) Front Office
3 6 (4.41%) Investment Banking
3 6 (4.41%) Public Sector
4 3 (2.21%) Electronics
4 3 (2.21%) Law
4 3 (2.21%) Manufacturing
4 3 (2.21%) Marketing
4 3 (2.21%) Retail
4 3 (2.21%) Telecoms
5 2 (1.47%) French Language
6 1 (0.74%) Back Office
6 1 (0.74%) Financial Institution
6 1 (0.74%) International Banking
6 1 (0.74%) Mandarin Language
Job Titles
1 42 (30.88%) Developer
2 38 (27.94%) DevOps Engineer
3 24 (17.65%) Java Developer
4 12 (8.82%) AWS Engineer
5 9 (6.62%) Architect
6 7 (5.15%) Cloud Engineer
7 6 (4.41%) AWS DevOps
8 5 (3.68%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 5 (3.68%) Data Engineer
8 5 (3.68%) Front Office Developer
9 4 (2.94%) AWS Developer
9 4 (2.94%) Kubernetes Engineer
9 4 (2.94%) Operations Engineer
10 3 (2.21%) Azure Architect
10 3 (2.21%) Azure Developer
10 3 (2.21%) CloudOps Engineer
10 3 (2.21%) Full Stack Developer
10 3 (2.21%) Python Engineer
10 3 (2.21%) Senior DevOps
10 3 (2.21%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19 (13.97%) Kafka
2 16 (11.76%) Spring
3 13 (9.56%) RESTful
4 12 (8.82%) AngularJS
4 12 (8.82%) React
4 12 (8.82%) Web Services
5 10 (7.35%) Spring Security
6 9 (6.62%) Guice
6 9 (6.62%) Spring Boot
7 8 (5.88%) .NET
7 8 (5.88%) Elastic Stack
7 8 (5.88%) JAAS
8 7 (5.15%) .NET Core
8 7 (5.15%) REST
9 5 (3.68%) LDAP
9 5 (3.68%) Node.js
10 3 (2.21%) CORBA
10 3 (2.21%) HTML
10 3 (2.21%) Middleware
10 3 (2.21%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 9 (6.62%) Analytical Skills
2 8 (5.88%) Management Information System
3 7 (5.15%) Cloud Native
4 5 (3.68%) Clustering
4 5 (3.68%) Fixed Income
5 3 (2.21%) Analytical Mindset
5 3 (2.21%) Greenfield Project
5 3 (2.21%) Market Risk
5 3 (2.21%) Public Cloud
6 2 (1.47%) Algorithms
6 2 (1.47%) Data Centre
6 2 (1.47%) Data Structures
6 2 (1.47%) Derivative
6 2 (1.47%) Equities
6 2 (1.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 2 (1.47%) Private Cloud
7 1 (0.74%) CCTV
7 1 (0.74%) Exotic Derivative
7 1 (0.74%) Grid Computing
7 1 (0.74%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 28 (20.59%) Linux
2 12 (8.82%) Unix
3 7 (5.15%) Windows
4 4 (2.94%) Debian
5 3 (2.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 3 (2.21%) Windows Server
5 3 (2.21%) Windows Server 2008
5 3 (2.21%) Windows Server 2012
5 3 (2.21%) Windows Server 2016
5 3 (2.21%) Windows Server 2019
6 2 (1.47%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 66 (48.53%) DevOps
2 45 (33.09%) Agile Software Development
2 45 (33.09%) Microservices
3 29 (21.32%) Continuous Integration
4 27 (19.85%) TDD
5 19 (13.97%) Infrastructure as Code
6 15 (11.03%) Software Engineering
7 14 (10.29%) Continuous Delivery
7 14 (10.29%) Test Automation
8 13 (9.56%) SDLC
9 11 (8.09%) Information Security
10 10 (7.35%) Fintech
11 9 (6.62%) BDD
11 9 (6.62%) Dependency Injection
11 9 (6.62%) Scrum
12 8 (5.88%) AOP
12 8 (5.88%) Configuration Management
12 8 (5.88%) Secure Coding
13 7 (5.15%) SIEM
14 6 (4.41%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 51 (37.50%) Java
2 43 (31.62%) Python
3 18 (13.24%) Bash Shell
4 17 (12.50%) SQL
5 13 (9.56%) Perl
6 12 (8.82%) Java 8
7 11 (8.09%) C#
8 9 (6.62%) Ruby
8 9 (6.62%) Scala
9 7 (5.15%) TypeScript
10 6 (4.41%) Shell Script
11 5 (3.68%) Go
11 5 (3.68%) JavaScript
11 5 (3.68%) PHP
12 4 (2.94%) C
12 4 (2.94%) Kotlin
12 4 (2.94%) PowerShell
12 4 (2.94%) R
13 3 (2.21%) C++
13 3 (2.21%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 21 (15.44%) Security Cleared
2 18 (13.24%) SC Cleared
3 3 (2.21%) BPSS Clearance
3 3 (2.21%) DBS Check
4 2 (1.47%) AWS Certification
4 2 (1.47%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.74%) Degree
5 1 (0.74%) MCSA
5 1 (0.74%) MCSE
5 1 (0.74%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.21%) QA
System Software
1 82 (60.29%) Docker
2 6 (4.41%) Active Directory
3 5 (3.68%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (2.21%) VMware ESXi
5 2 (1.47%) Veritas Cluster Server
5 2 (1.47%) zsh
6 1 (0.74%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 37 (27.21%) Terraform
2 34 (25.00%) Ansible
3 20 (14.71%) Puppet
4 17 (12.50%) Opscode Chef
5 9 (6.62%) Prometheus
6 6 (4.41%) Rundeck
7 4 (2.94%) Kibana
7 4 (2.94%) Salt
8 3 (2.21%) Grafana
8 3 (2.21%) Istio
8 3 (2.21%) logstash
8 3 (2.21%) Microsoft Clustering
8 3 (2.21%) Netcool
8 3 (2.21%) Norton AntiVirus
8 3 (2.21%) Packer
8 3 (2.21%) Rancher
8 3 (2.21%) Zipkin
9 2 (1.47%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (1.47%) Kubeflow
9 2 (1.47%) Pacemaker
Vendors
1 14 (10.29%) Microsoft
2 12 (8.82%) SaltStack
3 8 (5.88%) Atlassian
4 7 (5.15%) Oracle
5 6 (4.41%) Google
5 6 (4.41%) Splunk
5 6 (4.41%) VMware
6 5 (3.68%) Cloudera
6 5 (3.68%) Databricks
7 4 (2.94%) ArcSight
7 4 (2.94%) CyberArk
7 4 (2.94%) McAfee
7 4 (2.94%) Qualys
7 4 (2.94%) Red Hat
8 3 (2.21%) AppDynamics
8 3 (2.21%) SAP
8 3 (2.21%) SevOne
8 3 (2.21%) Sybase
8 3 (2.21%) Symantec
9 2 (1.47%) IBM