Period
to 27 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 27 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
27 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 20 28 39
Rank change year-on-year +8 +11 +100
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 144 365 373
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 7.30% 6.31% 5.28%
As % of the Systems Management category 41.74% 39.08% 31.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 140 310 306
Median daily rate £548 £575 £575
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.78% - +4.55%
10th Percentile £375 £468 £438
90th Percentile £688 £710 £713
Central London median daily rate £550 £575 £575
% change year-on-year -4.35% - +4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - £35.00

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 345 934 1,189
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 17.49% 16.15% 16.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 253 752 964
Median daily rate £525 £540 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.78% +2.86% +0.96%
10th Percentile £314 £325 £300
90th Percentile £650 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £536 £538
% change year-on-year -2.10% -0.23% +7.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 16 30
Median hourly rate £23.00 £20.00 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.00% +6.95% -15.96%
Median hourly rate £23.00 £20.50 £18.70
% change year-on-year +12.20% +9.63% -1.58%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London over the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

For the 6 months to 27 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 85 (59.03%) Docker
2 68 (47.22%) Java
3 67 (46.53%) DevOps
4 64 (44.44%) AWS
5 56 (38.89%) Python
6 48 (33.33%) Azure
6 48 (33.33%) Agile Software Development
7 41 (28.47%) Microservices
8 40 (27.78%) TDD
9 37 (25.69%) Terraform
10 34 (23.61%) Linux
11 33 (22.92%) Jenkins
12 30 (20.83%) Kafka
13 29 (20.14%) Ansible
14 27 (18.75%) Git (software)
15 26 (18.06%) GCP
16 24 (16.67%) Puppet
16 24 (16.67%) Finance
17 23 (15.97%) Spring
18 22 (15.28%) Security Cleared
19 21 (14.58%) Banking
20 19 (13.19%) SC Cleared
20 19 (13.19%) Opscode Chef
21 18 (12.50%) Bash Shell
21 18 (12.50%) Continuous Integration
22 17 (11.81%) Firewall
22 17 (11.81%) Perl
22 17 (11.81%) Spring Boot
22 17 (11.81%) Java 8
23 16 (11.11%) NoSQL

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (8.33%) Elasticsearch
2 3 (2.08%) Apache
2 3 (2.08%) Confluence
2 3 (2.08%) nginx
3 2 (1.39%) Apache Airflow
3 2 (1.39%) Apache Spark
3 2 (1.39%) Jupyter
3 2 (1.39%) SharePoint
4 1 (0.69%) BizTalk Server
4 1 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
4 1 (0.69%) CMS
4 1 (0.69%) Drupal
4 1 (0.69%) JBoss
4 1 (0.69%) Liferay
4 1 (0.69%) Mule
4 1 (0.69%) SharePoint Server
4 1 (0.69%) Tomcat
Applications
1 1 (0.69%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.69%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 64 (44.44%) AWS
2 48 (33.33%) Azure
3 26 (18.06%) GCP
4 14 (9.72%) GitHub
5 12 (8.33%) OpenShift
5 12 (8.33%) SaaS
6 11 (7.64%) Amazon EC2
7 8 (5.56%) IaaS
7 8 (5.56%) PaaS
7 8 (5.56%) Serverless
8 7 (4.86%) Amazon S3
8 7 (4.86%) AWS CloudFormation
9 6 (4.17%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 5 (3.47%) Amazon EKS
10 5 (3.47%) Cloud Computing
11 4 (2.78%) Amazon Cognito
11 4 (2.78%) Amazon ECS
12 3 (2.08%) Apigee
12 3 (2.08%) AWS Lambda
12 3 (2.08%) iPaaS
Communications & Networking
1 17 (11.81%) Firewall
2 15 (10.42%) TCP/IP
3 9 (6.25%) Internet
4 7 (4.86%) HTTP
5 6 (4.17%) DNS
5 6 (4.17%) HTTPS
5 6 (4.17%) SNMP
6 5 (3.47%) BGP
6 5 (3.47%) Kerberos
6 5 (3.47%) MPLS
7 4 (2.78%) Intrusion Detection
7 4 (2.78%) IPsec
8 3 (2.08%) SSL
8 3 (2.08%) VPN
9 2 (1.39%) DHCP
9 2 (1.39%) DSL
9 2 (1.39%) FTP
10 1 (0.69%) Intranet
10 1 (0.69%) MGCP
10 1 (0.69%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (11.11%) NoSQL
2 12 (8.33%) MongoDB
2 12 (8.33%) MySQL
3 9 (6.25%) SQL Server
4 8 (5.56%) Apache Cassandra
4 8 (5.56%) Neo4j
4 8 (5.56%) PostgreSQL
5 5 (3.47%) Hadoop
6 4 (2.78%) Big Data
7 3 (2.08%) Amazon RDS
7 3 (2.08%) Amazon Redshift
7 3 (2.08%) Data Warehouse
8 2 (1.39%) Amazon Aurora
8 2 (1.39%) Apache Hive
8 2 (1.39%) Cloud Spanner
8 2 (1.39%) Snowflake Schema
9 1 (0.69%) Data Lake
9 1 (0.69%) Impala
9 1 (0.69%) MariaDB
9 1 (0.69%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 33 (22.92%) Jenkins
2 27 (18.75%) Git (software)
3 8 (5.56%) Cucumber
4 6 (4.17%) JIRA
4 6 (4.17%) JUnit
4 6 (4.17%) Maven
4 6 (4.17%) Selenium
5 5 (3.47%) GitLab
5 5 (3.47%) JMeter
6 4 (2.78%) Gatling
6 4 (2.78%) GoCD
6 4 (2.78%) Mocha
6 4 (2.78%) Mockito
6 4 (2.78%) Octopus Deploy
6 4 (2.78%) Subversion
6 4 (2.78%) TeamCity
7 3 (2.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 3 (2.08%) Team Foundation Server
7 3 (2.08%) TestNG
7 3 (2.08%) WebLOAD
General
1 24 (16.67%) Finance
2 21 (14.58%) Banking
3 9 (6.25%) Front Office
4 8 (5.56%) Investment Banking
5 4 (2.78%) Public Sector
6 3 (2.08%) Retail
7 2 (1.39%) French Language
7 2 (1.39%) Games
7 2 (1.39%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.69%) Aerospace
8 1 (0.69%) Automotive
8 1 (0.69%) Back Office
8 1 (0.69%) International Banking
8 1 (0.69%) Law
8 1 (0.69%) Mandarin Language
Job Titles
1 52 (36.11%) Developer
2 33 (22.92%) DevOps Engineer
3 28 (19.44%) Java Developer
4 13 (9.03%) AWS Engineer
5 10 (6.94%) AWS DevOps
6 9 (6.25%) Architect
7 7 (4.86%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 7 (4.86%) Cloud Engineer
8 6 (4.17%) Data Engineer
9 5 (3.47%) Front Office Developer
9 5 (3.47%) Python Developer
9 5 (3.47%) Solutions Architect
10 4 (2.78%) AWS Developer
10 4 (2.78%) Azure Architect
10 4 (2.78%) Consultant
10 4 (2.78%) Full Stack Developer
10 4 (2.78%) Operations Engineer
10 4 (2.78%) PHP Developer
11 3 (2.08%) Development Engineer
11 3 (2.08%) Site Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (20.83%) Kafka
2 23 (15.97%) Spring
3 17 (11.81%) Spring Boot
4 14 (9.72%) React
5 13 (9.03%) AngularJS
5 13 (9.03%) Elastic Stack
6 12 (8.33%) Node.js
7 11 (7.64%) REST
7 11 (7.64%) Web Services
8 7 (4.86%) .NET
9 6 (4.17%) CSS
9 6 (4.17%) RESTful
10 5 (3.47%) CORBA
10 5 (3.47%) HTML
10 5 (3.47%) LDAP
10 5 (3.47%) Middleware
10 5 (3.47%) WireMock
10 5 (3.47%) XML
11 4 (2.78%) .NET Core
11 4 (2.78%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 10 (6.94%) Analytical Skills
1 10 (6.94%) Public Cloud
2 8 (5.56%) Management Information System
3 6 (4.17%) Cloud Native
3 6 (4.17%) Fixed Income
3 6 (4.17%) Greenfield Project
4 5 (3.47%) Market Risk
5 4 (2.78%) Clustering
6 3 (2.08%) Algorithms
6 3 (2.08%) Analytical Mindset
6 3 (2.08%) Credit Risk
6 3 (2.08%) Data Structures
6 3 (2.08%) Grid Computing
7 2 (1.39%) Data Centre
7 2 (1.39%) Derivative
7 2 (1.39%) Online Games
7 2 (1.39%) Private Cloud
7 2 (1.39%) Renewable Energy
8 1 (0.69%) CCTV
8 1 (0.69%) Exotic Derivative
Operating Systems
1 34 (23.61%) Linux
2 16 (11.11%) Unix
3 8 (5.56%) Windows
4 4 (2.78%) CentOS
5 3 (2.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 3 (2.08%) Windows Server
5 3 (2.08%) Windows Server 2008
5 3 (2.08%) Windows Server 2012
5 3 (2.08%) Windows Server 2016
5 3 (2.08%) Windows Server 2019
6 2 (1.39%) Debian
6 2 (1.39%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 67 (46.53%) DevOps
2 48 (33.33%) Agile Software Development
3 41 (28.47%) Microservices
4 40 (27.78%) TDD
5 18 (12.50%) Continuous Integration
6 15 (10.42%) Infrastructure as Code
7 14 (9.72%) BDD
7 14 (9.72%) Scrum
7 14 (9.72%) Software Engineering
8 12 (8.33%) Configuration Management
9 11 (7.64%) Information Security
10 10 (6.94%) Artificial Intelligence
11 9 (6.25%) Continuous Delivery
11 9 (6.25%) Fintech
11 9 (6.25%) Load Balancing
11 9 (6.25%) Test Automation
12 8 (5.56%) Mentoring
12 8 (5.56%) Secure Coding
13 7 (4.86%) API Development
13 7 (4.86%) SIEM
Programming Languages
1 68 (47.22%) Java
2 56 (38.89%) Python
3 18 (12.50%) Bash Shell
4 17 (11.81%) Java 8
4 17 (11.81%) Perl
5 16 (11.11%) JavaScript
6 15 (10.42%) Ruby
7 12 (8.33%) C#
7 12 (8.33%) SQL
8 10 (6.94%) Go
8 10 (6.94%) PHP
8 10 (6.94%) TypeScript
9 9 (6.25%) PL/SQL
10 7 (4.86%) C++
11 5 (3.47%) C
12 4 (2.78%) PowerShell
12 4 (2.78%) Scala
13 3 (2.08%) R
13 3 (2.08%) Shell Script
14 2 (1.39%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 22 (15.28%) Security Cleared
2 19 (13.19%) SC Cleared
3 3 (2.08%) AWS Certification
3 3 (2.08%) BPSS Clearance
3 3 (2.08%) DBS Check
4 2 (1.39%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.69%) CCNA
5 1 (0.69%) CCNP
5 1 (0.69%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (0.69%) Degree
5 1 (0.69%) MCSA
5 1 (0.69%) MCSE
5 1 (0.69%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (1.39%) QA
System Software
1 85 (59.03%) Docker
2 6 (4.17%) Active Directory
2 6 (4.17%) VMware Infrastructure
3 3 (2.08%) Ceph
3 3 (2.08%) NFS
3 3 (2.08%) VMware ESXi
4 2 (1.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (1.39%) zsh
5 1 (0.69%) HDFS
5 1 (0.69%) Veritas Cluster Server
5 1 (0.69%) VMware NSX
5 1 (0.69%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 37 (25.69%) Terraform
2 29 (20.14%) Ansible
3 24 (16.67%) Puppet
4 19 (13.19%) Opscode Chef
5 8 (5.56%) Netcool
6 6 (4.17%) Rundeck
6 6 (4.17%) Salt
7 3 (2.08%) Consul
7 3 (2.08%) Hadoop YARN
7 3 (2.08%) Mesos
7 3 (2.08%) Microsoft Clustering
7 3 (2.08%) Norton AntiVirus
8 2 (1.39%) Docker Swarm
8 2 (1.39%) Kibana
8 2 (1.39%) logstash
9 1 (0.69%) Cisco CUCM
9 1 (0.69%) Grafana
9 1 (0.69%) ITRS Geneos
9 1 (0.69%) Prometheus
9 1 (0.69%) vRealize
Vendors
1 13 (9.03%) Microsoft
2 11 (7.64%) SaltStack
3 8 (5.56%) AppDynamics
3 8 (5.56%) Atlassian
3 8 (5.56%) Google
3 8 (5.56%) Oracle
3 8 (5.56%) SevOne
3 8 (5.56%) VMware
4 7 (4.86%) Splunk
5 4 (2.78%) ArcSight
5 4 (2.78%) CyberArk
5 4 (2.78%) McAfee
5 4 (2.78%) Qualys
5 4 (2.78%) Red Hat
6 3 (2.08%) Cloudera
6 3 (2.08%) Databricks
6 3 (2.08%) Sybase
6 3 (2.08%) Symantec
7 2 (1.39%) Dynatrace
7 2 (1.39%) Hortonworks