Period
to 21 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 21 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 29 17 28
Rank change year-on-year -12 +11 +21
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 237 141 418
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 6.50% 8.03% 6.74%
As % of the Systems Management category 46.65% 46.53% 37.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 189 124 362
10th Percentile £477 £425 £456
25th Percentile £513 £500 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £561 £575
Median % change year-on-year +6.90% -2.39% +4.55%
75th Percentile £675 £625 £675
90th Percentile £738 £675 £713
Central London median daily rate £600 £565 £575
% change year-on-year +6.15% -1.70% +4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 3
10th Percentile " " £16.66
25th Percentile £94.25 " £26.27
Median hourly rate £98.50 - £44.57
75th Percentile £102.75 " £47.99
90th Percentile " " £48.67
Central London median hourly rate £66.75 - £44.57

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 508 303 1,102
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 13.94% 17.25% 17.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 415 236 908
10th Percentile £381 £371 £325
25th Percentile £475 £454 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £563 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% -4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £650 £603 £625
90th Percentile £700 £669 £688
Central London median daily rate £559 £534 £545
% change year-on-year +4.68% -2.02% +3.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 24
10th Percentile £30.13 " £12.76
25th Percentile £40.81 £12.76 £14.00
Median hourly rate £60.75 £13.44 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +352.01% -36.00% +12.30%
75th Percentile £82.81 £14.12 £27.15
90th Percentile £94.78 " £46.23
Central London median hourly rate £23.00 £15.25 £21.00
% change year-on-year +50.82% -27.38% +12.30%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 1 - -
Kubernetes
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 172 (72.57%) Docker
2 130 (54.85%) DevOps
3 108 (45.57%) Agile Software Development
4 102 (43.04%) AWS
5 98 (41.35%) Java
6 85 (35.86%) Terraform
7 80 (33.76%) Microservices
8 61 (25.74%) Azure
8 61 (25.74%) Python
9 60 (25.32%) Spring
10 59 (24.89%) Finance
11 48 (20.25%) Infrastructure as Code
12 47 (19.83%) Social Skills
13 41 (17.30%) Git (software)
14 38 (16.03%) Banking
15 34 (14.35%) Kafka
15 34 (14.35%) GCP
16 33 (13.92%) Ansible
17 31 (13.08%) Jenkins
17 31 (13.08%) TDD
18 25 (10.55%) Linux
18 25 (10.55%) Spring Boot
19 24 (10.13%) Puppet
19 24 (10.13%) SQL
20 22 (9.28%) Maven
20 22 (9.28%) Cucumber
21 21 (8.86%) Node.js
21 21 (8.86%) REST
21 21 (8.86%) Scrum
21 21 (8.86%) Legal

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (5.06%) Apache Spark
2 8 (3.38%) Elasticsearch
2 8 (3.38%) nginx
3 7 (2.95%) Confluence
4 4 (1.69%) Apache
5 3 (1.27%) Red Hat Fuse
6 2 (0.84%) Apache Airflow
6 2 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
6 2 (0.84%) OpenStack
6 2 (0.84%) SharePoint
7 1 (0.42%) Alfresco
7 1 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
7 1 (0.42%) CMS
7 1 (0.42%) GemFire
7 1 (0.42%) GeoServer
7 1 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 1 (0.42%) SharePoint Server
7 1 (0.42%) Tomcat
7 1 (0.42%) WebLogic
Applications
1 1 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (1.27%) Cloudability
Cloud Services
1 102 (43.04%) AWS
2 61 (25.74%) Azure
3 34 (14.35%) GCP
4 19 (8.02%) AWS CloudFormation
5 17 (7.17%) GitHub
6 16 (6.75%) PaaS
7 11 (4.64%) SaaS
7 11 (4.64%) Serverless
8 8 (3.38%) Amazon EC2
9 6 (2.53%) AWS Lambda
10 5 (2.11%) Amazon EKS
10 5 (2.11%) Azure App Service
10 5 (2.11%) Cloud Computing
10 5 (2.11%) IaaS
11 4 (1.69%) OpenShift
12 3 (1.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 3 (1.27%) Amazon Kinesis
12 3 (1.27%) Azure Key Vault
12 3 (1.27%) GitHub Actions
12 3 (1.27%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 7 (2.95%) Firewall
2 5 (2.11%) DNS
3 4 (1.69%) Kerberos
4 2 (0.84%) 5G
4 2 (0.84%) Broadband
4 2 (0.84%) SNMP
4 2 (0.84%) SSH
4 2 (0.84%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.42%) AMQP
5 1 (0.42%) DHCP
5 1 (0.42%) HTTP
5 1 (0.42%) Internet
5 1 (0.42%) Intranet
5 1 (0.42%) NAS
5 1 (0.42%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (7.17%) MongoDB
2 11 (4.64%) NoSQL
3 9 (3.80%) Big Data
3 9 (3.80%) SQL Server
4 8 (3.38%) Redis
5 5 (2.11%) BigQuery
5 5 (2.11%) Hazelcast
5 5 (2.11%) PostgreSQL
6 4 (1.69%) MySQL
7 3 (1.27%) Apache Cassandra
7 3 (1.27%) Azure SQL Database
7 3 (1.27%) Bigtable
7 3 (1.27%) Flink
7 3 (1.27%) Hadoop
8 2 (0.84%) Amazon Redshift
8 2 (0.84%) Apache Hive
8 2 (0.84%) Blockchain
8 2 (0.84%) Couchbase
8 2 (0.84%) Oracle Database
8 2 (0.84%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 41 (17.30%) Git (software)
2 31 (13.08%) Jenkins
3 22 (9.28%) Cucumber
3 22 (9.28%) Maven
4 19 (8.02%) JIRA
5 13 (5.49%) Subversion
6 11 (4.64%) TeamCity
7 8 (3.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 7 (2.95%) GitLab
9 5 (2.11%) CircleCI
10 4 (1.69%) Gatling
11 3 (1.27%) Bitbucket
12 2 (0.84%) JUnit
12 2 (0.84%) Mockito
12 2 (0.84%) Terragrunt
13 1 (0.42%) IBM UrbanCode
13 1 (0.42%) JMeter
13 1 (0.42%) Postman
13 1 (0.42%) Serena SBM
13 1 (0.42%) Serenity BDD
General
1 59 (24.89%) Finance
2 47 (19.83%) Social Skills
3 38 (16.03%) Banking
4 21 (8.86%) Legal
5 19 (8.02%) Financial Institution
6 10 (4.22%) Retail
7 9 (3.80%) Analytical Skills
8 5 (2.11%) Public Sector
9 4 (1.69%) Billing
9 4 (1.69%) Front Office
9 4 (1.69%) Investment Banking
9 4 (1.69%) Telecoms
10 2 (0.84%) Influencing Skills
10 2 (0.84%) International Banking
10 2 (0.84%) Law
10 2 (0.84%) Organisational Skills
10 2 (0.84%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.42%) Games
11 1 (0.42%) Marketing
11 1 (0.42%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 81 (34.18%) Developer
2 46 (19.41%) Java Developer
3 36 (15.19%) Architect
3 36 (15.19%) DevOps Engineer
4 17 (7.17%) Java Engineer
5 15 (6.33%) AWS Engineer
5 15 (6.33%) Python Developer
6 14 (5.91%) Cloud Engineer
7 12 (5.06%) Azure Architect
7 12 (5.06%) Senior Developer
8 11 (4.64%) Azure Engineer
8 11 (4.64%) Cloud Architect
8 11 (4.64%) Platform Engineer
8 11 (4.64%) Senior Java Developer
9 10 (4.22%) AWS Developer
10 9 (3.80%) Platform Architect
10 9 (3.80%) Software Engineer
11 8 (3.38%) Senior Cloud Engineer
12 7 (2.95%) Consultant
13 6 (2.53%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 60 (25.32%) Spring
2 34 (14.35%) Kafka
3 25 (10.55%) Spring Boot
4 21 (8.86%) Node.js
4 21 (8.86%) REST
5 20 (8.44%) Vert.x
6 19 (8.02%) React
7 18 (7.59%) .NET
8 12 (5.06%) Flask
9 6 (2.53%) .NET Core
9 6 (2.53%) ARM Templates
9 6 (2.53%) Elastic Stack
9 6 (2.53%) HTML
9 6 (2.53%) Middleware
9 6 (2.53%) Ruby on Rails
9 6 (2.53%) SQLAlchemy
9 6 (2.53%) Web Services
10 5 (2.11%) AngularJS
10 5 (2.11%) RxJava
11 4 (1.69%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 19 (8.02%) Hedge funds
2 18 (7.59%) Public Cloud
3 16 (6.75%) Cloud Native
4 12 (5.06%) Greenfield Project
5 9 (3.80%) Derivative
5 9 (3.80%) Self-Motivation
6 8 (3.38%) Fixed Income
7 6 (2.53%) Algorithms
8 5 (2.11%) Data Centre
8 5 (2.11%) Enterprise Software
8 5 (2.11%) Mobile App
9 4 (1.69%) CMDB
9 4 (1.69%) Equities
9 4 (1.69%) Exotic Derivative
9 4 (1.69%) Linux Command Line
9 4 (1.69%) Management Information System
9 4 (1.69%) Market Risk
10 3 (1.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 3 (1.27%) Grid Computing
10 3 (1.27%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 25 (10.55%) Linux
2 13 (5.49%) Unix
3 8 (3.38%) Windows
4 2 (0.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 2 (0.84%) Ubuntu
4 2 (0.84%) Windows Server
4 2 (0.84%) Windows Server 2008
4 2 (0.84%) Windows Server 2012
4 2 (0.84%) Windows Server 2016
4 2 (0.84%) Windows Server 2019
5 1 (0.42%) CentOS
5 1 (0.42%) Mac OS X
5 1 (0.42%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 130 (54.85%) DevOps
2 108 (45.57%) Agile Software Development
3 80 (33.76%) Microservices
4 48 (20.25%) Infrastructure as Code
5 31 (13.08%) TDD
6 21 (8.86%) Scrum
7 20 (8.44%) Data Protection
8 18 (7.59%) Migration
8 18 (7.59%) Software Engineering
9 17 (7.17%) Deployment Automation
10 15 (6.33%) Analytics
10 15 (6.33%) BDD
11 14 (5.91%) AOP
11 14 (5.91%) Fintech
11 14 (5.91%) Software Delivery
12 12 (5.06%) Insurtech
12 12 (5.06%) Test Automation
13 11 (4.64%) Continuous Integration
13 11 (4.64%) Pair Programming
13 11 (4.64%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 98 (41.35%) Java
2 61 (25.74%) Python
3 24 (10.13%) SQL
4 17 (7.17%) JavaScript
5 15 (6.33%) C#
5 15 (6.33%) Go
6 13 (5.49%) TypeScript
7 12 (5.06%) Scala
8 11 (4.64%) PowerShell
9 10 (4.22%) Bash Shell
10 8 (3.38%) Java 8
10 8 (3.38%) Ruby
11 6 (2.53%) Java 11
12 4 (1.69%) C++
12 4 (1.69%) Kotlin
13 2 (0.84%) C
13 2 (0.84%) Clojure
13 2 (0.84%) Groovy
13 2 (0.84%) PL/SQL
13 2 (0.84%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 6 (2.53%) Degree
1 6 (2.53%) Security Cleared
2 2 (0.84%) CISSP
2 2 (0.84%) Computer Science Degree
2 2 (0.84%) SC Cleared
3 1 (0.42%) CISM
3 1 (0.42%) MCSA
3 1 (0.42%) MCSE
3 1 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
3 1 (0.42%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (8.44%) GDPR
2 5 (2.11%) NCSC
3 4 (1.69%) QA
4 2 (0.84%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 172 (72.57%) Docker
2 7 (2.95%) Active Directory
3 3 (1.27%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.84%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.42%) GeoWebCache
5 1 (0.42%) HDFS
5 1 (0.42%) NFS
5 1 (0.42%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 85 (35.86%) Terraform
2 33 (13.92%) Ansible
3 24 (10.13%) Puppet
4 14 (5.91%) Prometheus
5 13 (5.49%) Packer
6 9 (3.80%) Consul
7 8 (3.38%) Grafana
8 7 (2.95%) Opscode Chef
9 6 (2.53%) Icinga
10 3 (1.27%) Istio
10 3 (1.27%) Rancher
11 2 (0.84%) Microsoft Clustering
11 2 (0.84%) Nagios
12 1 (0.42%) Control-M
12 1 (0.42%) EMC NetWorker
12 1 (0.42%) Netcool
12 1 (0.42%) Norton AntiVirus
12 1 (0.42%) Tivoli
12 1 (0.42%) Tivoli Storage Manager
12 1 (0.42%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 18 (7.59%) Google
1 18 (7.59%) Oracle
2 13 (5.49%) Microsoft
3 7 (2.95%) Splunk
4 5 (2.11%) IBM
4 5 (2.11%) MuleSoft
4 5 (2.11%) ServiceNow
4 5 (2.11%) Sybase
5 3 (1.27%) Databricks
5 3 (1.27%) SaltStack
5 3 (1.27%) VMware
6 2 (0.84%) AppDynamics
6 2 (0.84%) Atlassian
6 2 (0.84%) Dynatrace
6 2 (0.84%) Veracode
7 1 (0.42%) Altiris
7 1 (0.42%) Infoblox
7 1 (0.42%) Ivanti
7 1 (0.42%) Qualys
7 1 (0.42%) Serena