Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 29 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
29 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 28 35 18
Rank change year-on-year +7 -17 +9
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 293 188 227
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 6.80% 6.02% 8.34%
As % of the Systems Management category 39.38% 46.08% 49.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 238 154 192
10th Percentile £475 £450 £463
25th Percentile £525 £513 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £628 £586 £575
Median % change year-on-year +7.08% +1.91% -
75th Percentile £738 £650 £638
90th Percentile £813 £724 £687
Central London median daily rate £633 £588 £575
% change year-on-year +7.66% +2.17% +4.55%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 744 408 462
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 17.27% 13.06% 16.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 599 317 351
10th Percentile £400 £378 £406
25th Percentile £507 £463 £461
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £588 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +6.82% - -
75th Percentile £725 £638 £625
90th Percentile £788 £696 £675
Central London median daily rate £588 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +6.82% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 6
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile £25.25 - £12.42
Median hourly rate £26.50 £23.00 £13.08
Median % change year-on-year +15.22% +75.91% -37.74%
75th Percentile £27.75 - £14.02
90th Percentile - - £16.41
Central London median hourly rate £26.50 £19.59 £13.44
% change year-on-year +35.26% +45.78% -36.00%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the City of London

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the City of London

For the 6 months to 29 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 171 (58.36%) DevOps
2 166 (56.66%) CI/CD
3 162 (55.29%) Docker
4 140 (47.78%) AWS
5 129 (44.03%) Terraform
6 99 (33.79%) Azure
7 92 (31.40%) Agile
8 81 (27.65%) Java
9 67 (22.87%) Python
9 67 (22.87%) Microservices
10 60 (20.48%) Jenkins
11 56 (19.11%) Infrastructure as Code
12 46 (15.70%) Cloud Native
12 46 (15.70%) JavaScript
13 45 (15.36%) Serverless
14 44 (15.02%) TDD
15 42 (14.33%) Spring
15 42 (14.33%) Ansible
15 42 (14.33%) Kafka
16 41 (13.99%) PowerShell
17 40 (13.65%) REST
18 36 (12.29%) Git (software)
19 35 (11.95%) Linux
19 35 (11.95%) Microsoft
19 35 (11.95%) Finance
19 35 (11.95%) Azure DevOps
20 33 (11.26%) SQL
21 32 (10.92%) GCP
22 30 (10.24%) Node.js
22 30 (10.24%) Maven

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (7.17%) Confluence
2 9 (3.07%) Apache Spark
3 6 (2.05%) Tomcat
4 5 (1.71%) Apache
4 5 (1.71%) Apache Pig
5 3 (1.02%) WebLogic
6 2 (0.68%) Apache Airflow
6 2 (0.68%) CMS
6 2 (0.68%) nginx
6 2 (0.68%) SharePoint
7 1 (0.34%) BizTalk Server
7 1 (0.34%) Joomla!
7 1 (0.34%) OpenStack
7 1 (0.34%) Oracle Coherence
7 1 (0.34%) Red Hat Fuse
7 1 (0.34%) SharePoint Server
7 1 (0.34%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 1 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (1.71%) MoSes
2 1 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 140 (47.78%) AWS
2 99 (33.79%) Azure
3 45 (15.36%) Serverless
4 35 (11.95%) Azure DevOps
5 32 (10.92%) GCP
6 25 (8.53%) AWS Lambda
6 25 (8.53%) SaaS
7 24 (8.19%) GitHub
7 24 (8.19%) OpenShift
8 22 (7.51%) AWS CloudFormation
9 21 (7.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 20 (6.83%) Amazon EC2
11 19 (6.48%) Amazon EKS
11 19 (6.48%) Amazon S3
12 18 (6.14%) Azure AKS
12 18 (6.14%) PaaS
13 12 (4.10%) Amazon ECS
14 11 (3.75%) Amazon Kinesis
14 11 (3.75%) Azure Active Directory
15 10 (3.41%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 12 (4.10%) DNS
1 12 (4.10%) Internet
2 3 (1.02%) Firewall
2 3 (1.02%) SSH
3 2 (0.68%) AMQP
3 2 (0.68%) HTTP
3 2 (0.68%) Kerberos
3 2 (0.68%) Network Security
3 2 (0.68%) SSL
3 2 (0.68%) TCP/IP
3 2 (0.68%) VSAN
4 1 (0.34%) Cisco ASA
4 1 (0.34%) Cisco Nexus
4 1 (0.34%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.34%) Intranet
4 1 (0.34%) MQTT
4 1 (0.34%) SMTP
4 1 (0.34%) VPN
4 1 (0.34%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (7.17%) MongoDB
2 17 (5.80%) DynamoDB
3 16 (5.46%) NoSQL
3 16 (5.46%) SQL Server
4 13 (4.44%) Data Warehouse
4 13 (4.44%) PostgreSQL
4 13 (4.44%) Relational Database
5 12 (4.10%) Big Data
5 12 (4.10%) MySQL
6 11 (3.75%) Amazon RDS
7 8 (2.73%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
7 8 (2.73%) Azure SQL Database
8 7 (2.39%) Data Lake
9 6 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
9 6 (2.05%) Oracle Database
10 5 (1.71%) SAP HANA
11 3 (1.02%) Flink
11 3 (1.02%) Hadoop
11 3 (1.02%) RDBMS
12 2 (0.68%) GIS
Development Applications
1 60 (20.48%) Jenkins
2 36 (12.29%) Git (software)
3 30 (10.24%) Maven
4 29 (9.90%) TeamCity
5 27 (9.22%) JIRA
6 22 (7.51%) Cucumber
7 18 (6.14%) GitLab
8 12 (4.10%) CircleCI
9 11 (3.75%) Bitbucket
10 9 (3.07%) Terragrunt
11 5 (1.71%) Artifactory
11 5 (1.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 4 (1.37%) Gradle
12 4 (1.37%) SonarQube
12 4 (1.37%) Sonatype Nexus
13 3 (1.02%) JMeter
14 2 (0.68%) IntelliJ
14 2 (0.68%) JUnit
14 2 (0.68%) Qt Creator
14 2 (0.68%) Selenium
General
1 35 (11.95%) Finance
2 30 (10.24%) Social Skills
3 17 (5.80%) Financial Institution
3 17 (5.80%) Legal
4 12 (4.10%) Retail
5 11 (3.75%) Public Sector
6 10 (3.41%) Banking
7 8 (2.73%) Analytical Skills
8 6 (2.05%) Tech for Good
9 5 (1.71%) Investment Banking
10 3 (1.02%) Telecoms
11 2 (0.68%) Advertising
11 2 (0.68%) Prime Brokerage
12 1 (0.34%) Documentation Skills
12 1 (0.34%) Front Office
12 1 (0.34%) Games
12 1 (0.34%) International Banking
12 1 (0.34%) Law
12 1 (0.34%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 98 (33.45%) Developer
2 59 (20.14%) DevOps Engineer
3 45 (15.36%) Java Developer
4 37 (12.63%) AWS Engineer
5 29 (9.90%) Architect
6 27 (9.22%) AWS DevOps
7 22 (7.51%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 20 (6.83%) Senior DevOps
9 17 (5.80%) Senior Developer
10 13 (4.44%) Software Engineer
10 13 (4.44%) Solutions Architect
11 11 (3.75%) Full Stack Developer
12 10 (3.41%) Cloud Architect
12 10 (3.41%) Java Engineer
12 10 (3.41%) Node.js Developer
13 9 (3.07%) AWS Architect
13 9 (3.07%) Azure Engineer
14 8 (2.73%) Administrator
14 8 (2.73%) Azure DevOps Engineer
15 7 (2.39%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (14.33%) Kafka
1 42 (14.33%) Spring
2 40 (13.65%) REST
3 30 (10.24%) Node.js
4 27 (9.22%) React
5 25 (8.53%) .NET
6 18 (6.14%) Spring Boot
7 16 (5.46%) HTML
7 16 (5.46%) RESTful
8 13 (4.44%) AngularJS
8 13 (4.44%) CSS
8 13 (4.44%) GraphQL
9 12 (4.10%) HTML5
10 9 (3.07%) .NET Framework
10 9 (3.07%) CSS3
11 7 (2.39%) Apache Camel
12 6 (2.05%) JSON
13 5 (1.71%) ASP.NET
13 5 (1.71%) Django
13 5 (1.71%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 46 (15.70%) Cloud Native
2 17 (5.80%) Hedge funds
3 13 (4.44%) Greenfield Project
4 12 (4.10%) Public Cloud
5 8 (2.73%) User Experience
6 7 (2.39%) Enterprise Software
7 6 (2.05%) Linux Command Line
8 5 (1.71%) Reinsurance
9 3 (1.02%) Management Information System
9 3 (1.02%) Mobile App
9 3 (1.02%) Private Cloud
9 3 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
10 2 (0.68%) Credit Risk
10 2 (0.68%) Data Centre
10 2 (0.68%) Hybrid Cloud
10 2 (0.68%) IoT
10 2 (0.68%) Sports Betting
11 1 (0.34%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 1 (0.34%) Fixed Income
11 1 (0.34%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 35 (11.95%) Linux
2 15 (5.12%) Windows
3 8 (2.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 6 (2.05%) Ubuntu
4 6 (2.05%) Unix
5 5 (1.71%) Android
5 5 (1.71%) Apple iOS
5 5 (1.71%) Debian
6 2 (0.68%) VMS
7 1 (0.34%) CentOS
7 1 (0.34%) Oracle Linux
7 1 (0.34%) Solaris
7 1 (0.34%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 171 (58.36%) DevOps
2 166 (56.66%) CI/CD
3 92 (31.40%) Agile
4 67 (22.87%) Microservices
5 56 (19.11%) Infrastructure as Code
6 44 (15.02%) TDD
7 29 (9.90%) Software Engineering
7 29 (9.90%) Test Automation
8 26 (8.87%) Full Stack Development
9 24 (8.19%) Configuration Management
9 24 (8.19%) Continuous Integration
10 23 (7.85%) Migration
11 20 (6.83%) Event-Driven
12 17 (5.80%) Data Protection
12 17 (5.80%) Fintech
12 17 (5.80%) Scrum
13 16 (5.46%) Analytics
13 16 (5.46%) Continuous Delivery
13 16 (5.46%) Platform Engineering
14 15 (5.12%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 81 (27.65%) Java
2 67 (22.87%) Python
3 46 (15.70%) JavaScript
4 41 (13.99%) PowerShell
5 33 (11.26%) SQL
6 28 (9.56%) Go
7 22 (7.51%) C#
8 18 (6.14%) Bash
9 12 (4.10%) Scala
10 10 (3.41%) TypeScript
11 9 (3.07%) Perl
12 7 (2.39%) Ruby
12 7 (2.39%) T-SQL
13 6 (2.05%) Groovy
13 6 (2.05%) PHP
14 3 (1.02%) Kotlin
14 3 (1.02%) Shell Script
15 1 (0.34%) PL/SQL
15 1 (0.34%) Rust
15 1 (0.34%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 21 (7.17%) Security Cleared
2 16 (5.46%) SC Cleared
3 10 (3.41%) Degree
4 9 (3.07%) AWS Certification
5 8 (2.73%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (1.02%) TOGAF Certification
7 2 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.68%) OCP
7 2 (0.68%) Oracle Certification
7 2 (0.68%) RHCA
8 1 (0.34%) CCIE
8 1 (0.34%) CCNA
8 1 (0.34%) CCNP
8 1 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.34%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.34%) ISEB
8 1 (0.34%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 1 (0.34%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (6.14%) GDPR
2 8 (2.73%) QA
3 2 (0.68%) Accessibility
4 1 (0.34%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 162 (55.29%) Docker
2 12 (4.10%) Active Directory
3 4 (1.37%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (1.02%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.68%) Ceph
5 2 (0.68%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.34%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.34%) NFS
6 1 (0.34%) Platform Symphony
6 1 (0.34%) vCloud
6 1 (0.34%) Veritas File System
6 1 (0.34%) Veritas Volume Manager
6 1 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.34%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 129 (44.03%) Terraform
2 42 (14.33%) Ansible
3 16 (5.46%) Opscode Chef
4 14 (4.78%) Puppet
5 11 (3.75%) Prometheus
6 10 (3.41%) Grafana
7 5 (1.71%) Istio
7 5 (1.71%) Rancher
8 4 (1.37%) logstash
8 4 (1.37%) Salt
9 2 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (0.68%) Kibana
9 2 (0.68%) Microsoft Intune
9 2 (0.68%) Nagios
9 2 (0.68%) Packer
10 1 (0.34%) Argo
10 1 (0.34%) QRadar
10 1 (0.34%) Tivoli
10 1 (0.34%) vRealize
10 1 (0.34%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 35 (11.95%) Microsoft
2 12 (4.10%) Oracle
3 10 (3.41%) Red Hat
4 9 (3.07%) MuleSoft
5 7 (2.39%) Splunk
6 6 (2.05%) Databricks
7 5 (1.71%) Atlassian
7 5 (1.71%) BiZZdesign
7 5 (1.71%) Cloudera
7 5 (1.71%) Google
7 5 (1.71%) Salesforce.com
7 5 (1.71%) SAP
8 4 (1.37%) IBM
8 4 (1.37%) VMware
9 2 (0.68%) Cisco
9 2 (0.68%) Okta
9 2 (0.68%) PagerDuty
9 2 (0.68%) ServiceNow
9 2 (0.68%) Spotify
10 1 (0.34%) LogicMonitor