Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 30 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
Central London > City of London
6 months to
30 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 98 122 102
Rank change year-on-year +24 -20 +18
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 92 44 40
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 2.13% 1.40% 1.47%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.42% 6.47% 5.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 70 37 23
10th Percentile £413 £419 £357
25th Percentile £513 £513 £403
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £588 £600 £475
Median % change year-on-year -2.08% +26.32% -13.64%
75th Percentile £747 £675 £525
90th Percentile £826 £700 £588
Central London median daily rate £575 £600 £500
% change year-on-year -4.17% +20.00% -9.09%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 883 680 688
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 20.47% 21.64% 25.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 657 461 523
10th Percentile £450 £406 £375
25th Percentile £508 £463 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £591 £550 £513
Median % change year-on-year +7.36% +7.32% -2.38%
75th Percentile £719 £650 £601
90th Percentile £800 £713 £688
Central London median daily rate £600 £550 £515
% change year-on-year +9.09% +6.80% -1.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 7 4
10th Percentile £42.05 - £23.23
25th Percentile £49.88 - £32.56
Median hourly rate £55.00 £8.00 £38.50
Median % change year-on-year +587.50% -79.22% +10.00%
75th Percentile £59.63 £24.46 £41.38
90th Percentile £63.35 £28.31 £45.20
Central London median hourly rate £55.00 £14.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year +292.86% -63.64% +10.00%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in the City of London over the 6 months to 30 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the City of London

For the 6 months to 30 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 50 (54.35%) Agile
2 47 (51.09%) SQL
3 38 (41.30%) Social Skills
4 37 (40.22%) RDBMS
5 33 (35.87%) Finance
6 31 (33.70%) Java
7 27 (29.35%) Microsoft
7 27 (29.35%) Microservices
8 25 (27.17%) REST
9 23 (25.00%) AWS
10 22 (23.91%) SQL Server
10 22 (23.91%) DevOps
11 21 (22.83%) Scrum
11 21 (22.83%) Azure
12 20 (21.74%) Spring
13 19 (20.65%) Oracle
13 19 (20.65%) Python
13 19 (20.65%) Kafka
13 19 (20.65%) Problem-Solving
14 18 (19.57%) CI/CD
15 17 (18.48%) Data Protection
15 17 (18.48%) PostgreSQL
16 16 (17.39%) Git (software)
16 16 (17.39%) Spring Boot
17 15 (16.30%) React
17 15 (16.30%) GDPR
17 15 (16.30%) Event-Driven
17 15 (16.30%) Event-Driven Architecture
17 15 (16.30%) Hedge funds
17 15 (16.30%) NoSQL

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (6.52%) Apache Spark
2 4 (4.35%) JBoss
2 4 (4.35%) Tomcat
3 3 (3.26%) Oracle Coherence
3 3 (3.26%) WebLogic
4 1 (1.09%) Apache Pig
4 1 (1.09%) BizTalk Server
4 1 (1.09%) Jetty
4 1 (1.09%) SAS
4 1 (1.09%) SharePoint
4 1 (1.09%) WebSphere
Applications
1 7 (7.61%) Microsoft Excel
1 7 (7.61%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (1.09%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (5.43%) MoSes
2 2 (2.17%) Oracle Applications
2 2 (2.17%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 1 (1.09%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (1.09%) Oracle Utilities
Cloud Services
1 23 (25.00%) AWS
2 21 (22.83%) Azure
3 8 (8.70%) PaaS
3 8 (8.70%) Serverless
4 7 (7.61%) AWS CloudFormation
4 7 (7.61%) Power Platform
5 6 (6.52%) Amazon SQS
5 6 (6.52%) AWS Lambda
5 6 (6.52%) Azure DevOps
6 5 (5.43%) Datadog
6 5 (5.43%) SaaS
7 4 (4.35%) Azure Storage
7 4 (4.35%) Azure Synapse Analytics
7 4 (4.35%) GCP
7 4 (4.35%) IaaS
8 2 (2.17%) AWS Step Functions
8 2 (2.17%) Azure Data Factory
8 2 (2.17%) Azure Stack
8 2 (2.17%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
8 2 (2.17%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 8 (8.70%) Network Security
2 1 (1.09%) HTTP
2 1 (1.09%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (40.22%) RDBMS
2 22 (23.91%) SQL Server
3 17 (18.48%) PostgreSQL
4 15 (16.30%) NoSQL
5 12 (13.04%) Redis
6 11 (11.96%) MySQL
7 10 (10.87%) Data Warehouse
8 7 (7.61%) MongoDB
8 7 (7.61%) Oracle Database
8 7 (7.61%) Power BI
9 6 (6.52%) Data Lake
9 6 (6.52%) Oracle Database 11g
9 6 (6.52%) Oracle Database 12c
10 5 (5.43%) Big Data
10 5 (5.43%) DynamoDB
10 5 (5.43%) Elasticsearch
11 4 (4.35%) HDInsight
11 4 (4.35%) Tableau
12 3 (3.26%) Impala
12 3 (3.26%) ThoughtSpot
Development Applications
1 16 (17.39%) Git (software)
2 13 (14.13%) JIRA
3 10 (10.87%) Gradle
4 9 (9.78%) TeamCity
5 7 (7.61%) Jenkins
6 5 (5.43%) Bitbucket
6 5 (5.43%) Visual Studio
7 3 (3.26%) IntelliJ
7 3 (3.26%) kappa
8 2 (2.17%) Postman
9 1 (1.09%) Cucumber
9 1 (1.09%) ER Studio
9 1 (1.09%) ERwin
9 1 (1.09%) Gerrit
9 1 (1.09%) GitLab
9 1 (1.09%) JBehave
9 1 (1.09%) Maven
9 1 (1.09%) NetBeans
9 1 (1.09%) Team Foundation Server
9 1 (1.09%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 38 (41.30%) Social Skills
2 33 (35.87%) Finance
3 15 (16.30%) Financial Institution
3 15 (16.30%) Legal
4 14 (15.22%) Banking
5 12 (13.04%) Analytical Skills
6 7 (7.61%) Investment Banking
7 3 (3.26%) Advertising
7 3 (3.26%) Influencing Skills
7 3 (3.26%) Organisational Skills
8 2 (2.17%) German Language
8 2 (2.17%) Presentation Skills
9 1 (1.09%) Billing
9 1 (1.09%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 41 (44.57%) Developer
2 22 (23.91%) Java Developer
3 9 (9.78%) Analyst
3 9 (9.78%) Data Engineer
3 9 (9.78%) React Developer
4 8 (8.70%) Administrator
4 8 (8.70%) Azure Engineer
4 8 (8.70%) Business Analyst
5 7 (7.61%) Insurance Business Analyst
5 7 (7.61%) Reinsurance Business Analyst
5 7 (7.61%) SQL Analyst
6 6 (6.52%) Oracle Developer
6 6 (6.52%) Senior Developer
7 5 (5.43%) Architect
7 5 (5.43%) Systems Administrator
8 4 (4.35%) Cloud Engineer
8 4 (4.35%) DBA
8 4 (4.35%) Security Engineer
8 4 (4.35%) SQL Developer
8 4 (4.35%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (27.17%) REST
2 20 (21.74%) Spring
3 19 (20.65%) Kafka
4 16 (17.39%) Spring Boot
5 15 (16.30%) React
6 14 (15.22%) HTML
7 13 (14.13%) HTML5
8 10 (10.87%) GraphQL
9 9 (9.78%) .NET
9 9 (9.78%) JSON
9 9 (9.78%) Redux
9 9 (9.78%) WebSockets
10 6 (6.52%) .NET Framework
10 6 (6.52%) Apache Camel
10 6 (6.52%) Middleware
11 5 (5.43%) Entity Framework
11 5 (5.43%) Node.js
11 5 (5.43%) XML
12 4 (4.35%) OAuth
12 4 (4.35%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 15 (16.30%) Hedge funds
2 12 (13.04%) Reinsurance
3 9 (9.78%) Clustering
3 9 (9.78%) Enterprise Software
4 6 (6.52%) Cloud Native
4 6 (6.52%) Public Cloud
5 4 (4.35%) Algorithms
5 4 (4.35%) Credit Risk
5 4 (4.35%) Hybrid Cloud
5 4 (4.35%) Reference Data
6 3 (3.26%) Data Structures
6 3 (3.26%) Management Information System
6 3 (3.26%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (2.17%) Cyberthreat
7 2 (2.17%) Replication
7 2 (2.17%) User Experience
8 1 (1.09%) Life Science
8 1 (1.09%) NHS
8 1 (1.09%) Over-the-Top Content
8 1 (1.09%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 15 (16.30%) Unix
2 14 (15.22%) Linux
3 5 (5.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 50 (54.35%) Agile
2 27 (29.35%) Microservices
3 22 (23.91%) DevOps
4 21 (22.83%) Scrum
5 19 (20.65%) Problem-Solving
6 18 (19.57%) CI/CD
7 17 (18.48%) Data Protection
8 15 (16.30%) Event-Driven
8 15 (16.30%) Event-Driven Architecture
8 15 (16.30%) OO
9 14 (15.22%) AOP
9 14 (15.22%) Performance Tuning
10 13 (14.13%) Analytics
10 13 (14.13%) High Availability
10 13 (14.13%) TDD
10 13 (14.13%) Test Automation
11 12 (13.04%) Stakeholder Management
12 11 (11.96%) Full Stack Development
13 10 (10.87%) Business Intelligence
13 10 (10.87%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 47 (51.09%) SQL
2 31 (33.70%) Java
3 19 (20.65%) Python
4 14 (15.22%) JavaScript
5 12 (13.04%) PL/SQL
5 12 (13.04%) PowerShell
6 8 (8.70%) C
6 8 (8.70%) C#
6 8 (8.70%) Shell Script
7 5 (5.43%) R
8 3 (3.26%) C++
8 3 (3.26%) Go
8 3 (3.26%) Scala
9 2 (2.17%) Perl
9 2 (2.17%) Ruby
9 2 (2.17%) T-SQL
9 2 (2.17%) TypeScript
10 1 (1.09%) VB
10 1 (1.09%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 10 (10.87%) Degree
2 5 (5.43%) Computer Science Degree
3 2 (2.17%) AWS Certification
3 2 (2.17%) Numerate Degree
3 2 (2.17%) SC Cleared
3 2 (2.17%) Security Cleared
4 1 (1.09%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (1.09%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (16.30%) GDPR
2 10 (10.87%) QA
3 3 (3.26%) Data Quality
4 1 (1.09%) CDISC
4 1 (1.09%) LOINC
4 1 (1.09%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 10 (10.87%) Docker
2 4 (4.35%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (2.17%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 13 (14.13%) Kubernetes
2 8 (8.70%) Terraform
3 4 (4.35%) Puppet
4 3 (3.26%) Ansible
4 3 (3.26%) Oozie
5 2 (2.17%) Data Guard
6 1 (1.09%) Ambari
6 1 (1.09%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 27 (29.35%) Microsoft
2 19 (20.65%) Oracle
3 6 (6.52%) Databricks
4 4 (4.35%) Google
4 4 (4.35%) Sybase
5 3 (3.26%) CA Agile Central
5 3 (3.26%) IBM
6 2 (2.17%) DocuSign
6 2 (2.17%) Pardot
6 2 (2.17%) Salesforce.com
6 2 (2.17%) Sparx
7 1 (1.09%) Alteryx
7 1 (1.09%) Cloudera
7 1 (1.09%) Cognos
7 1 (1.09%) MicroStrategy
7 1 (1.09%) MuleSoft
7 1 (1.09%) Red Hat
7 1 (1.09%) Splunk
7 1 (1.09%) Sun
7 1 (1.09%) Teradata