Period
to 25 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 25 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
Central London > City of London
6 months to
25 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 114 94 105
Rank change year-on-year -20 +11 -11
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 130 186 145
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 2.01% 2.67% 2.35%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 7.80% 10.51% 8.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 84 150 97
City of London median daily rate £550 £534 £455
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.04% +17.31% -13.33%
10th Percentile £400 £406 £321
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
Central London median daily rate £550 £534 £463
% change year-on-year +3.04% +15.41% -7.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
City of London median hourly rate £46.85 - -
Central London median hourly rate £46.85 - -

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 1,666 1,769 1,710
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 25.75% 25.35% 27.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,311 1,459 1,358
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £409 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £513 £493
% change year-on-year +2.44% +4.06% +3.68%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 10 1
City of London median hourly rate £39.78 £22.25 £22.34
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +78.80% -0.38% +17.55%
10th Percentile £31.48 £20.63 £21.67
90th Percentile £56.93 £36.90 £23.00
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £22.34
% change year-on-year +16.67% +34.32% +17.55%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in the City of London over the 6 months to 25 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the City of London

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the City of London

For the 6 months to 25 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 64 (49.23%) Agile Software Development
2 60 (46.15%) SQL
3 59 (45.38%) Java
4 50 (38.46%) SQL Server
5 41 (31.54%) TDD
6 38 (29.23%) RDBMS
7 35 (26.92%) HTML
7 35 (26.92%) Spring
8 33 (25.38%) Git (software)
9 32 (24.62%) XML
10 31 (23.85%) Python
11 30 (23.08%) OO
12 27 (20.77%) Microsoft Azure
13 26 (20.00%) Finance
14 25 (19.23%) .NET
14 25 (19.23%) REST
15 24 (18.46%) RESTful
15 24 (18.46%) Microservices
15 24 (18.46%) C#
16 23 (17.69%) JavaScript
16 23 (17.69%) Linux
16 23 (17.69%) BDD
17 22 (16.92%) Windows
17 22 (16.92%) Microsoft
18 21 (16.15%) Amazon AWS
18 21 (16.15%) Test Automation
18 21 (16.15%) SDLC
19 20 (15.38%) MongoDB
19 20 (15.38%) Oracle
19 20 (15.38%) Continuous Integration

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (11.54%) Confluence
2 8 (6.15%) Apache Spark
2 8 (6.15%) Elasticsearch
3 7 (5.38%) JBoss
3 7 (5.38%) SharePoint
4 6 (4.62%) Apache
4 6 (4.62%) GlassFish
5 5 (3.85%) WebSphere
6 4 (3.08%) WebLogic
6 4 (3.08%) WebSphere Application Server
7 2 (1.54%) CMS
7 2 (1.54%) Jetty
7 2 (1.54%) Mule
7 2 (1.54%) Sitecore CMS
8 1 (0.77%) Apache Pig
8 1 (0.77%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.77%) Kentico
8 1 (0.77%) nginx
8 1 (0.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 1 (0.77%) Tornado
Applications
1 4 (3.08%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.77%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.77%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 11 (8.46%) SAP ERP
1 11 (8.46%) SAP Hybris
2 2 (1.54%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.77%) Loan IQ
3 1 (0.77%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 27 (20.77%) Microsoft Azure
2 21 (16.15%) Amazon AWS
3 10 (7.69%) Serverless
4 9 (6.92%) AWS Lambda
5 6 (4.62%) GitHub
5 6 (4.62%) Power Platform
6 5 (3.85%) Azure Functions
6 5 (3.85%) Office 365
6 5 (3.85%) Yammer
7 4 (3.08%) Amazon SQS
7 4 (3.08%) Google Cloud Platform
7 4 (3.08%) PaaS
8 3 (2.31%) Amazon ElastiCache
8 3 (2.31%) IaaS
8 3 (2.31%) npm
9 2 (1.54%) Amazon EC2
9 2 (1.54%) Amazon S3
10 1 (0.77%) Amazon EMR
10 1 (0.77%) SaaS
10 1 (0.77%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 15 (11.54%) HTTP
2 11 (8.46%) Internet
3 6 (4.62%) FTP
4 4 (3.08%) AMQP
5 3 (2.31%) TCP/IP
6 2 (1.54%) DHCP
6 2 (1.54%) DNS
6 2 (1.54%) IPsec
6 2 (1.54%) NAS
6 2 (1.54%) SSL
7 1 (0.77%) Firewall
7 1 (0.77%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (38.46%) SQL Server
2 38 (29.23%) RDBMS
3 20 (15.38%) MongoDB
4 19 (14.62%) MySQL
5 15 (11.54%) NoSQL
6 11 (8.46%) Hadoop
7 10 (7.69%) Data Warehouse
8 7 (5.38%) Oracle Database
8 7 (5.38%) PostgreSQL
8 7 (5.38%) SQL Server 2012
8 7 (5.38%) SQL Server 2016
9 6 (4.62%) Power BI
9 6 (4.62%) SQL Server 2014
10 5 (3.85%) Apache Kudu
10 5 (3.85%) Big Data
10 5 (3.85%) Couchbase
10 5 (3.85%) Impala
10 5 (3.85%) Oracle Database 11g
10 5 (3.85%) SQL Server 2008
10 5 (3.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 33 (25.38%) Git (software)
2 19 (14.62%) Maven
2 19 (14.62%) Subversion
3 17 (13.08%) JIRA
4 15 (11.54%) JUnit
5 11 (8.46%) jMock
6 10 (7.69%) Selenium
7 8 (6.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 8 (6.15%) Cucumber
7 8 (6.15%) FishEye
7 8 (6.15%) Visual Studio
8 7 (5.38%) Jenkins
9 6 (4.62%) Mocha
9 6 (4.62%) Mockito
9 6 (4.62%) Team Foundation Server
10 5 (3.85%) Ant
10 5 (3.85%) Hudson
10 5 (3.85%) Visual Studio Team System
11 4 (3.08%) Gatling
11 4 (3.08%) gulp
General
1 26 (20.00%) Finance
2 19 (14.62%) Banking
3 17 (13.08%) Investment Banking
4 16 (12.31%) Front Office
5 9 (6.92%) Retail
6 6 (4.62%) Marketing
7 1 (0.77%) Advertising
7 1 (0.77%) Games
7 1 (0.77%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 74 (56.92%) Developer
2 28 (21.54%) Java Developer
3 14 (10.77%) Architect
4 12 (9.23%) .NET Developer
4 12 (9.23%) Full Stack Developer
4 12 (9.23%) Python Developer
5 11 (8.46%) Analyst
5 11 (8.46%) Hybris Architect
5 11 (8.46%) SAP Architect
6 8 (6.15%) DBA
7 6 (4.62%) ASP.NET Developer
7 6 (4.62%) Integration Developer
7 6 (4.62%) SQL DBA
8 5 (3.85%) Apache Spark Developer
8 5 (3.85%) Azure Developer
8 5 (3.85%) Business Analyst
8 5 (3.85%) C# Developer
8 5 (3.85%) Office 365 Developer
8 5 (3.85%) React Developer
8 5 (3.85%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (26.92%) HTML
1 35 (26.92%) Spring
2 32 (24.62%) XML
3 25 (19.23%) .NET
3 25 (19.23%) REST
4 24 (18.46%) RESTful
5 19 (14.62%) Middleware
5 19 (14.62%) Web Services
6 17 (13.08%) CSS
7 16 (12.31%) .NET Framework
7 16 (12.31%) AngularJS
7 16 (12.31%) jQuery
7 16 (12.31%) Node.js
8 14 (10.77%) J2EE
9 13 (10.00%) WCF
10 12 (9.23%) Ajax
10 12 (9.23%) ASP.NET
11 11 (8.46%) Java EE
11 11 (8.46%) JMS
11 11 (8.46%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 9 (6.92%) Analytical Skills
1 9 (6.92%) Enterprise Software
2 6 (4.62%) Fixed Income
2 6 (4.62%) Mobile App
3 5 (3.85%) Derivative
3 5 (3.85%) Fintech
4 3 (2.31%) Algorithms
4 3 (2.31%) Market Risk
5 2 (1.54%) Cloud Native
5 2 (1.54%) Data Protection Act
5 2 (1.54%) Data Structures
5 2 (1.54%) Equity Derivative
5 2 (1.54%) Industry 4.0
5 2 (1.54%) Public Cloud
5 2 (1.54%) Replication
5 2 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
5 2 (1.54%) W3C
6 1 (0.77%) CMDB
6 1 (0.77%) Equities
6 1 (0.77%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 23 (17.69%) Linux
2 22 (16.92%) Windows
3 19 (14.62%) Unix
4 3 (2.31%) Solaris
4 3 (2.31%) Windows Server
5 1 (0.77%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 64 (49.23%) Agile Software Development
2 41 (31.54%) TDD
3 30 (23.08%) OO
4 24 (18.46%) Microservices
5 23 (17.69%) BDD
6 21 (16.15%) SDLC
6 21 (16.15%) Test Automation
7 20 (15.38%) Continuous Integration
8 19 (14.62%) OOP
9 18 (13.85%) Data Modelling
9 18 (13.85%) DevOps
9 18 (13.85%) SOA
10 15 (11.54%) Business Intelligence
10 15 (11.54%) MVC
11 14 (10.77%) Multithreading
11 14 (10.77%) Unit Testing
12 13 (10.00%) Continuous Delivery
13 12 (9.23%) ETL
13 12 (9.23%) User Acceptance Testing
14 11 (8.46%) ERP
Programming Languages
1 60 (46.15%) SQL
2 59 (45.38%) Java
3 31 (23.85%) Python
4 24 (18.46%) C#
5 23 (17.69%) JavaScript
6 12 (9.23%) Shell Script
7 8 (6.15%) Perl
7 8 (6.15%) T-SQL
7 8 (6.15%) TypeScript
8 6 (4.62%) Go
9 5 (3.85%) Java 8
10 4 (3.08%) ES6
10 4 (3.08%) PHP
10 4 (3.08%) Scala
10 4 (3.08%) XPath
11 3 (2.31%) AWK
11 3 (2.31%) C
11 3 (2.31%) PL/SQL
11 3 (2.31%) sed
11 3 (2.31%) VBA
Qualifications
1 9 (6.92%) Degree
2 2 (1.54%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
2 2 (1.54%) Master's Degree
2 2 (1.54%) SC Cleared
2 2 (1.54%) Security Cleared
3 1 (0.77%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (3.85%) QA
2 4 (3.08%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.77%) Solvency II
System Software
1 10 (7.69%) Docker
2 5 (3.85%) Active Directory
2 5 (3.85%) HDFS
3 3 (2.31%) Oracle RAC
3 3 (2.31%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.77%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.77%) zsh
Systems Management
1 9 (6.92%) Kubernetes
2 2 (1.54%) Ansible
2 2 (1.54%) Opscode Chef
2 2 (1.54%) Puppet
3 1 (0.77%) BladeLogic
3 1 (0.77%) Hadoop YARN
3 1 (0.77%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 22 (16.92%) Microsoft
2 20 (15.38%) Oracle
3 13 (10.00%) Sybase
4 11 (8.46%) hybris
4 11 (8.46%) SAP
5 8 (6.15%) Atlassian
6 5 (3.85%) Google
7 4 (3.08%) Murex
8 2 (1.54%) Cypress Semiconductor
8 2 (1.54%) Dataiku
8 2 (1.54%) Demandware
8 2 (1.54%) Elastic Path
8 2 (1.54%) MuleSoft
8 2 (1.54%) Salesforce.com
8 2 (1.54%) Sitecore
8 2 (1.54%) Tableau
9 1 (0.77%) Aderant
9 1 (0.77%) Cloudera
9 1 (0.77%) Hortonworks
9 1 (0.77%) Xero