Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Entity Framework skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Entity Framework over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microsoft ADO.NET Entity Framework
UK > England
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 282 364 327
Rank change year-on-year +82 -37 +8
Contract jobs citing Entity Framework 889 644 749
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.92% 0.68% 0.78%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.63% 2.08% 2.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 725 521 546
England median daily rate £425 £388 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.68% +10.71% -
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £550 £550 £500
UK median daily rate £425 £384 £350
% change year-on-year +10.75% +9.64% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 6 13
England median hourly rate £47.00 £41.25 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.94% +71.88% -54.00%
10th Percentile £25.35 £23.50 £21.95
90th Percentile £50.50 £42.50 £43.50
UK median hourly rate £44.42 £41.25 £24.00
% change year-on-year +7.69% +71.88% -54.47%

Entity Framework is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,817 30,992 29,972
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.11% 32.59% 31.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,138 22,085 20,845
England median daily rate £480 £470 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.13% +10.59% +2.41%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 283 353 346
England median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £39.60
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +1.01% +5.60%
10th Percentile £18.67 £18.00 £15.00
90th Percentile £57.90 £51.62 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.83% - +6.67%

Entity Framework
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Entity Framework as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Entity Framework in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework in England over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework in England over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework within the England region over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +25 328 £480 +1.05% 116
South East +90 278 £425 +21.43% 96
North of England +2 111 £365 +7.35% 101
South West -25 67 £395 +5.33% 48
Midlands -10 64 £375 +15.38% 53
Yorkshire +6 57 £365 +7.35% 51
North West -17 49 £370 +5.71% 40
East of England +2 40 £381 +17.31% 41
East Midlands +15 33 £375 +16.28% 19
West Midlands -21 31 £375 +15.38% 34
North East - 5 £450 - 10
Entity Framework
UK

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Entity Framework also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Entity Framework.

1 833 (93.70%) .NET
2 826 (92.91%) C#
3 813 (91.45%) .NET Framework
4 501 (56.36%) MVC
5 500 (56.24%) SQL Server
6 461 (51.86%) SQL
7 459 (51.63%) Agile Software Development
8 440 (49.49%) ASP.NET
9 433 (48.71%) JavaScript
10 405 (45.56%) ASP.NET Web API
11 364 (40.94%) AngularJS
12 279 (31.38%) ASP.NET MVC
13 266 (29.92%) TDD
14 261 (29.36%) HTML
15 259 (29.13%) Microsoft Azure
16 235 (26.43%) CSS
17 207 (23.28%) jQuery
18 195 (21.93%) .NET Core
19 168 (18.90%) WCF
20 167 (18.79%) Microsoft
21 161 (18.11%) Finance
22 158 (17.77%) Web Services
23 156 (17.55%) Scrum
24 149 (16.76%) Visual Studio
25 141 (15.86%) Continuous Integration
26 134 (15.07%) Git (software)
27 125 (14.06%) Test Automation
28 122 (13.72%) LINQ
29 117 (13.16%) TypeScript
30 116 (13.05%) Unit Testing

Entity Framework
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (6.30%) CMS
2 49 (5.51%) IIS
3 43 (4.84%) SharePoint
4 28 (3.15%) Umbraco
5 24 (2.70%) Sitecore CMS
6 22 (2.47%) Elasticsearch
7 16 (1.80%) NServiceBus
8 12 (1.35%) Confluence
9 3 (0.34%) BizTalk Server
9 3 (0.34%) Oracle Workflow
10 2 (0.22%) EPiServer
11 1 (0.11%) Apache Pig
11 1 (0.11%) DataSynapse
11 1 (0.11%) SharePoint 2010
11 1 (0.11%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 17 (1.91%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 6 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.34%) thinkFolio
3 2 (0.22%) Endur
3 2 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 259 (29.13%) Microsoft Azure
2 57 (6.41%) Amazon AWS
3 25 (2.81%) Serverless
4 17 (1.91%) npm
5 13 (1.46%) NuGet
6 10 (1.12%) Google Cloud Platform
7 9 (1.01%) AWS Lambda
7 9 (1.01%) Azure Functions
8 8 (0.90%) Office 365
9 4 (0.45%) PaaS
9 4 (0.45%) SaaS
10 3 (0.34%) Cloud Computing
10 3 (0.34%) GitHub
10 3 (0.34%) Google Play
11 1 (0.11%) Google Analytics
11 1 (0.11%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 28 (3.15%) HTTP
2 17 (1.91%) Internet
3 13 (1.46%) SMTP
4 11 (1.24%) DNS
5 10 (1.12%) IMAP
6 2 (0.22%) Intranet
6 2 (0.22%) SMS
7 1 (0.11%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.11%) ICMP
7 1 (0.11%) Kerberos
7 1 (0.11%) MQTT
7 1 (0.11%) SSL
7 1 (0.11%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 500 (56.24%) SQL Server
2 58 (6.52%) Relational Database
3 53 (5.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 51 (5.74%) SQL Server 2008
5 44 (4.95%) SQL Server 2012
6 40 (4.50%) NoSQL
7 33 (3.71%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 32 (3.60%) Redis
9 24 (2.70%) SQL Server 2016
10 20 (2.25%) Azure SQL Database
11 16 (1.80%) Data Warehouse
11 16 (1.80%) MongoDB
11 16 (1.80%) SQL Server 2014
12 13 (1.46%) PostgreSQL
13 11 (1.24%) Cosmos DB
13 11 (1.24%) DB2
14 9 (1.01%) MySQL
14 9 (1.01%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 8 (0.90%) Data Lake
15 8 (0.90%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 149 (16.76%) Visual Studio
2 134 (15.07%) Git (software)
3 109 (12.26%) Team Foundation Server
4 87 (9.79%) TeamCity
5 56 (6.30%) Visual Studio Team System
6 53 (5.96%) Selenium
7 39 (4.39%) Octopus Deploy
8 34 (3.82%) NUnit
9 32 (3.60%) Moq
9 32 (3.60%) SpecFlow
10 30 (3.37%) JIRA
11 26 (2.92%) Jenkins
12 18 (2.02%) Subversion
13 17 (1.91%) Jasmine
14 16 (1.80%) MSTest
15 14 (1.57%) XMLUnit
16 12 (1.35%) webpack
16 12 (1.35%) xUnit.net
17 11 (1.24%) Karma Test Runner
17 11 (1.24%) Visual Studio Coded UI
General
1 161 (18.11%) Finance
2 44 (4.95%) Retail
3 38 (4.27%) Banking
4 33 (3.71%) Front Office
5 13 (1.46%) Financial Institution
6 8 (0.90%) Legal
7 7 (0.79%) Advertising
8 5 (0.56%) Back Office
8 5 (0.56%) Law
8 5 (0.56%) Telecoms
9 4 (0.45%) Investment Banking
9 4 (0.45%) Marketing
10 3 (0.34%) Automotive
10 3 (0.34%) French Language
11 2 (0.22%) Billing
11 2 (0.22%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.11%) Multimedia
12 1 (0.11%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.11%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 825 (92.80%) Developer
2 566 (63.67%) .NET Developer
3 361 (40.61%) C# Developer
4 226 (25.42%) C# .NET Developer
5 125 (14.06%) Full Stack Developer
6 107 (12.04%) ASP.NET Developer
7 102 (11.47%) Angular Developer
8 101 (11.36%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
9 83 (9.34%) Senior Developer
10 81 (9.11%) C# ASP.NET Developer
11 80 (9.00%) SQL Developer
12 69 (7.76%) Senior .NET Developer
13 48 (5.40%) JavaScript Developer
14 28 (3.15%) Azure Developer
15 25 (2.81%) Lead Developer
16 21 (2.36%) React Developer
17 20 (2.25%) SQL Server Developer
18 19 (2.14%) Electronic Trading Developer
18 19 (2.14%) Software Developer
19 18 (2.02%) Senior C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 833 (93.70%) .NET
2 813 (91.45%) .NET Framework
3 440 (49.49%) ASP.NET
4 405 (45.56%) ASP.NET Web API
5 364 (40.94%) AngularJS
6 279 (31.38%) ASP.NET MVC
7 261 (29.36%) HTML
8 235 (26.43%) CSS
9 207 (23.28%) jQuery
10 195 (21.93%) .NET Core
11 168 (18.90%) WCF
12 158 (17.77%) Web Services
13 122 (13.72%) LINQ
14 112 (12.60%) HTML5
15 108 (12.15%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 95 (10.69%) RESTful
16 95 (10.69%) XML
17 87 (9.79%) Angular 2
18 83 (9.34%) React
18 83 (9.34%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 71 (7.99%) Greenfield Project
2 63 (7.09%) Analytical Skills
3 34 (3.82%) Fintech
4 32 (3.60%) Enterprise Software
4 32 (3.60%) User Experience
5 26 (2.92%) Fixed Income
6 24 (2.70%) Self-Motivation
7 22 (2.47%) Hedge funds
8 20 (2.25%) Reinsurance
9 11 (1.24%) N-Tier
10 9 (1.01%) Algorithms
11 8 (0.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 8 (0.90%) W3C
12 7 (0.79%) Mobile App
13 6 (0.67%) Equities
14 4 (0.45%) Hybrid Cloud
15 3 (0.34%) Cloud Native
15 3 (0.34%) Data Structures
15 3 (0.34%) Management Information System
15 3 (0.34%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 68 (7.65%) Windows
2 33 (3.71%) Windows Server
3 12 (1.35%) Android
4 11 (1.24%) Apple iOS
5 8 (0.90%) Windows Server 2012
6 2 (0.22%) Linux
7 1 (0.11%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 501 (56.36%) MVC
2 459 (51.63%) Agile Software Development
3 266 (29.92%) TDD
4 156 (17.55%) Scrum
5 141 (15.86%) Continuous Integration
6 125 (14.06%) Test Automation
7 116 (13.05%) Unit Testing
8 111 (12.49%) Problem-Solving
9 96 (10.80%) OO
10 92 (10.35%) SOLID
11 89 (10.01%) Microservices
12 80 (9.00%) BDD
13 77 (8.66%) SOA
14 70 (7.87%) Dependency Injection
15 68 (7.65%) Software Engineering
16 67 (7.54%) E-Commerce
17 65 (7.31%) DevOps
17 65 (7.31%) SDLC
18 57 (6.41%) Web Development
19 56 (6.30%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 826 (92.91%) C#
2 461 (51.86%) SQL
3 433 (48.71%) JavaScript
4 117 (13.16%) TypeScript
5 111 (12.49%) T-SQL
6 27 (3.04%) PowerShell
7 18 (2.02%) PL/SQL
8 17 (1.91%) VB.NET
8 17 (1.91%) VBA
9 11 (1.24%) C
10 10 (1.12%) Java
11 7 (0.79%) Apple Swift
12 6 (0.67%) Objective-C
13 5 (0.56%) C++
14 4 (0.45%) PHP
14 4 (0.45%) Python
14 4 (0.45%) VB
15 2 (0.22%) Scala
15 2 (0.22%) XAML
16 1 (0.11%) SOQL
Qualifications
1 49 (5.51%) Degree
2 21 (2.36%) Security Cleared
3 18 (2.02%) SC Cleared
4 7 (0.79%) Microsoft Certification
5 5 (0.56%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (0.34%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.22%) CTC Cleared
7 2 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
7 2 (0.22%) PhD
8 1 (0.11%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.11%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (2.02%) QA
2 4 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 3 (0.34%) PMO
3 3 (0.34%) WCAG
4 1 (0.11%) SLA
System Software
1 54 (6.07%) Docker
2 8 (0.90%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 34 (3.82%) Kubernetes
2 12 (1.35%) Ansible
3 4 (0.45%) Kibana
3 4 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
3 4 (0.45%) Puppet
4 1 (0.11%) Single Sign-On
4 1 (0.11%) Terraform
Vendors
1 167 (18.79%) Microsoft
2 97 (10.91%) Oracle
3 28 (3.15%) Sitecore
4 19 (2.14%) Google
5 13 (1.46%) Atlassian
6 12 (1.35%) Sybase
7 11 (1.24%) Teradata
8 10 (1.12%) Telerik
9 8 (0.90%) VMware
10 7 (0.79%) Apple
11 6 (0.67%) Xamarin
12 4 (0.45%) Nintex
13 3 (0.34%) Bloomberg
13 3 (0.34%) Cadence
13 3 (0.34%) DevExpress
13 3 (0.34%) Infragistics
14 2 (0.22%) Civica
14 2 (0.22%) IBM
14 2 (0.22%) Salesforce.com
14 2 (0.22%) Siebel