Period
to 11 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Entity Framework skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Entity Framework over the 6 months to 11 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microsoft ADO.NET Entity Framework
UK > England
6 months to
11 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 398 289 366
Rank change year-on-year -109 +77 -38
Contract jobs citing Entity Framework 405 888 639
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.55% 0.92% 0.67%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.81% 2.62% 2.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 315 724 516
England median daily rate £425 £428 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.58% +10.32% +10.71%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £538 £550 £550
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £384
% change year-on-year - +10.75% +9.64%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 9 6
England median hourly rate £42.00 £47.00 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.64% +13.94% +71.88%
10th Percentile £25.20 £25.35 £23.50
90th Percentile £42.80 £50.50 £42.50
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £44.42 £41.25
% change year-on-year -5.45% +7.69% +71.88%

Entity Framework is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 22,372 33,888 30,943
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.54% 35.14% 32.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,634 24,175 22,058
England median daily rate £500 £478 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.71% +1.60% +10.59%
10th Percentile £338 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £493 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +3.68% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 238 282 356
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +1.01%
10th Percentile £17.24 £18.51 £18.25
90th Percentile £78.75 £57.50 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -

Entity Framework
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Entity Framework as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Entity Framework in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework in England over the 6 months to 11 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework in England over the 6 months to 11 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework within the England region over the 6 months to 11 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 183 £475 -1.45% 121
South East -95 69 £408 -4.12% 78
North of England -9 66 £350 -4.11% 100
Midlands +33 40 £350 -6.67% 41
North West +10 37 £338 -8.78% 64
East Midlands +31 31 £350 -6.67% 19
Yorkshire +3 29 £381 +4.45% 33
South West -28 27 £373 -5.70% 39
East of England +12 18 £425 +11.48% 44
West Midlands +17 8 £363 -3.33% 22
Entity Framework
UK

For the 6 months to 11 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Entity Framework also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Entity Framework.

1 400 (98.77%) .NET
2 392 (96.79%) .NET Framework
3 386 (95.31%) C#
4 273 (67.41%) SQL Server
5 244 (60.25%) JavaScript
6 239 (59.01%) ASP.NET
7 238 (58.77%) MVC
8 210 (51.85%) ASP.NET Web API
9 199 (49.14%) AngularJS
10 191 (47.16%) SQL
11 182 (44.94%) Agile Software Development
12 171 (42.22%) Azure
13 158 (39.01%) CSS
14 151 (37.28%) HTML
15 139 (34.32%) .NET Core
16 125 (30.86%) TDD
17 117 (28.89%) Microsoft
18 113 (27.90%) ASP.NET MVC
19 110 (27.16%) jQuery
20 90 (22.22%) Finance
21 83 (20.49%) WCF
22 75 (18.52%) Microservices
23 71 (17.53%) SOLID
23 71 (17.53%) JSON
24 70 (17.28%) Git (software)
25 68 (16.79%) Visual Studio
26 67 (16.54%) TypeScript
27 65 (16.05%) REST
27 65 (16.05%) Scrum
28 64 (15.80%) Unit Testing

Entity Framework
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (5.68%) IIS
2 12 (2.96%) NServiceBus
3 8 (1.98%) SharePoint
4 7 (1.73%) Umbraco
5 6 (1.48%) Confluence
6 4 (0.99%) Elasticsearch
7 3 (0.74%) CMS
7 3 (0.74%) EPiServer
7 3 (0.74%) Ethereum
7 3 (0.74%) Hyperledger
8 2 (0.49%) WordPress
9 1 (0.25%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.25%) ArcGIS
9 1 (0.25%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 2 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 3 (0.74%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 171 (42.22%) Azure
2 22 (5.43%) Serverless
3 18 (4.44%) Azure Functions
4 17 (4.20%) npm
5 15 (3.70%) AWS
5 15 (3.70%) Azure Active Directory
6 9 (2.22%) PaaS
7 8 (1.98%) GitHub
8 7 (1.73%) Power Platform
9 5 (1.23%) Office 365
10 4 (0.99%) IaaS
10 4 (0.99%) SaaS
11 3 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
12 2 (0.49%) Microsoft Flow
12 2 (0.49%) NuGet
12 2 (0.49%) PowerApps
12 2 (0.49%) ShareGate
13 1 (0.25%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 1 (0.25%) Amazon ECS
13 1 (0.25%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 7 (1.73%) Intranet
2 5 (1.23%) DNS
3 4 (0.99%) Firewall
4 2 (0.49%) HTTP
5 1 (0.25%) Extranet
5 1 (0.25%) FTP
5 1 (0.25%) Internet
5 1 (0.25%) SMTP
5 1 (0.25%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 273 (67.41%) SQL Server
2 38 (9.38%) NoSQL
3 29 (7.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 26 (6.42%) Azure SQL Database
5 22 (5.43%) SQL Server 2008
6 21 (5.19%) Cosmos DB
6 21 (5.19%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 19 (4.69%) Relational Database
7 19 (4.69%) SQL Server 2016
8 13 (3.21%) SQL Server 2012
9 11 (2.72%) MongoDB
9 11 (2.72%) SQL Server 2014
10 10 (2.47%) SQL Server 2005
11 7 (1.73%) RDBMS
11 7 (1.73%) Redis
12 6 (1.48%) SQLite
13 5 (1.23%) Blockchain
13 5 (1.23%) Data Warehouse
13 5 (1.23%) Power BI
14 4 (0.99%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 70 (17.28%) Git (software)
2 68 (16.79%) Visual Studio
3 39 (9.63%) Team Foundation Server
4 34 (8.40%) NUnit
5 32 (7.90%) JIRA
6 29 (7.16%) Moq
7 24 (5.93%) TeamCity
8 23 (5.68%) Bitbucket
9 22 (5.43%) Jenkins
10 21 (5.19%) Selenium
11 16 (3.95%) Octopus Deploy
12 12 (2.96%) Visual Studio Team System
13 11 (2.72%) Jasmine
14 10 (2.47%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
15 8 (1.98%) gulp
15 8 (1.98%) jspm
15 8 (1.98%) SpecFlow
16 6 (1.48%) Karma Test Runner
17 5 (1.23%) webpack
18 4 (0.99%) git-flow
General
1 90 (22.22%) Finance
2 27 (6.67%) Banking
3 18 (4.44%) Retail
4 17 (4.20%) Law
5 14 (3.46%) Back Office
6 7 (1.73%) Public Sector
7 6 (1.48%) Marketing
8 4 (0.99%) Manufacturing
9 3 (0.74%) Advertising
9 3 (0.74%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.49%) Automotive
10 2 (0.49%) Front Office
10 2 (0.49%) Legal
10 2 (0.49%) Telecoms
11 1 (0.25%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.25%) Games
11 1 (0.25%) German Language
11 1 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.25%) Private Banking
11 1 (0.25%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 374 (92.35%) Developer
2 239 (59.01%) .NET Developer
3 143 (35.31%) C# Developer
4 94 (23.21%) C# .NET Developer
5 55 (13.58%) Full Stack Developer
6 40 (9.88%) Senior Developer
7 38 (9.38%) Angular Developer
8 35 (8.64%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
9 34 (8.40%) SQL Developer
10 30 (7.41%) ASP.NET Developer
11 28 (6.91%) Senior .NET Developer
12 26 (6.42%) C# ASP.NET Developer
13 20 (4.94%) Software Developer
14 19 (4.69%) Web Developer
15 17 (4.20%) React Developer
16 16 (3.95%) WPF Developer
17 15 (3.70%) C# WPF Developer
17 15 (3.70%) JavaScript Developer
18 14 (3.46%) Applications Developer
19 12 (2.96%) Senior C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 400 (98.77%) .NET
2 392 (96.79%) .NET Framework
3 239 (59.01%) ASP.NET
4 210 (51.85%) ASP.NET Web API
5 199 (49.14%) AngularJS
6 158 (39.01%) CSS
7 151 (37.28%) HTML
8 139 (34.32%) .NET Core
9 113 (27.90%) ASP.NET MVC
10 110 (27.16%) jQuery
11 83 (20.49%) WCF
12 71 (17.53%) JSON
13 65 (16.05%) REST
14 63 (15.56%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 60 (14.81%) HTML5
16 55 (13.58%) React
17 54 (13.33%) LINQ
18 47 (11.60%) Web Services
19 44 (10.86%) RESTful
20 43 (10.62%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 31 (7.65%) Enterprise Software
2 19 (4.69%) Analytical Skills
3 15 (3.70%) Mobile App
4 10 (2.47%) Greenfield Project
5 9 (2.22%) Self-Motivation
6 7 (1.73%) Algorithms
7 6 (1.48%) Management Information System
7 6 (1.48%) Smartphone
8 4 (0.99%) NHS
8 4 (0.99%) User Experience
9 3 (0.74%) Smart Meter
10 2 (0.49%) Fixed Income
10 2 (0.49%) Virtual Team
11 1 (0.25%) Data Structures
11 1 (0.25%) Equities
11 1 (0.25%) Robotics
11 1 (0.25%) Spread Betting
Operating Systems
1 49 (12.10%) Windows
2 12 (2.96%) Android
2 12 (2.96%) Apple iOS
3 3 (0.74%) Linux
4 1 (0.25%) CentOS
4 1 (0.25%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 238 (58.77%) MVC
2 182 (44.94%) Agile Software Development
3 125 (30.86%) TDD
4 75 (18.52%) Microservices
5 71 (17.53%) SOLID
6 65 (16.05%) Scrum
7 64 (15.80%) Unit Testing
8 59 (14.57%) DevOps
9 53 (13.09%) Problem-Solving
10 49 (12.10%) Continuous Integration
10 49 (12.10%) Web Development
11 45 (11.11%) SOA
12 39 (9.63%) BDD
13 36 (8.89%) Test Automation
14 35 (8.64%) SDLC
15 33 (8.15%) UML
16 26 (6.42%) B2C
17 23 (5.68%) Dependency Injection
18 22 (5.43%) Software Engineering
19 18 (4.44%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 386 (95.31%) C#
2 244 (60.25%) JavaScript
3 191 (47.16%) SQL
4 67 (16.54%) TypeScript
5 55 (13.58%) T-SQL
6 13 (3.21%) PL/SQL
7 10 (2.47%) VB.NET
8 6 (1.48%) Java
9 4 (0.99%) C++
9 4 (0.99%) XAML
10 3 (0.74%) PowerShell
10 3 (0.74%) VBA
11 2 (0.49%) C
11 2 (0.49%) ES6
11 2 (0.49%) Go
11 2 (0.49%) PHP
12 1 (0.25%) ES7
12 1 (0.25%) VB
12 1 (0.25%) VBScript
12 1 (0.25%) XPath
Qualifications
1 15 (3.70%) Security Cleared
2 14 (3.46%) Degree
3 13 (3.21%) Computer Science Degree
4 12 (2.96%) SC Cleared
5 4 (0.99%) PhD
6 1 (0.25%) BC Cleared
6 1 (0.25%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (4.44%) QA
2 13 (3.21%) MiFID
3 2 (0.49%) IFRS
3 2 (0.49%) SLA
4 1 (0.25%) HL7
4 1 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.25%) PMO
System Software
1 35 (8.64%) Docker
2 15 (3.70%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 20 (4.94%) MIIS
2 19 (4.69%) Kubernetes
3 8 (1.98%) Single Sign-On
4 2 (0.49%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.25%) cPanel
Vendors
1 117 (28.89%) Microsoft
2 49 (12.10%) Oracle
3 23 (5.68%) Xamarin
4 12 (2.96%) Telerik
5 8 (1.98%) Atlassian
6 1 (0.25%) ESRI
6 1 (0.25%) Google
6 1 (0.25%) Infragistics
6 1 (0.25%) Mapbox
6 1 (0.25%) MKS
6 1 (0.25%) SAP
6 1 (0.25%) Software AG
6 1 (0.25%) Twitter
6 1 (0.25%) webMethods