Period
to 5 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Entity Framework skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Entity Framework over the 6 months to 5 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microsoft ADO.NET Entity Framework
UK > England
6 months to
5 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 327 348 345
Rank change year-on-year +21 -3 0
Contract jobs citing Entity Framework 198 574 707
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.63% 0.69% 0.75%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.02% 2.16% 2.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 145 446 584
Median daily rate £422 £425 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.75% +9.68% +6.90%
10th Percentile £315 £313 £305
90th Percentile £680 £538 £542
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £388
% change year-on-year - +9.68% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 6 5
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.67% -2.33% +1.18%
UK median hourly rate £40.50 £42.00 £43.00
% change year-on-year -3.57% -2.33% +1.18%

Entity Framework is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 9,810 26,618 32,485
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.04% 32.06% 34.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,635 18,746 23,118
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £333 £345 £325
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 152 280 338
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.53 £41.52
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.41% +7.27% +3.79%
10th Percentile £23.65 £18.50 £15.25
90th Percentile £64.76 £60.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.21
% change year-on-year -17.65% +3.14% +3.01%

Entity Framework
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Entity Framework as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Entity Framework in England.

Daily rate trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Entity Framework in England over the 6 months to 5 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Entity Framework in England.

Hourly rate trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework within the England region over the 6 months to 5 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +57 77 £500 +5.26% 53
South East +77 40 £375 -6.25% 43
South West +84 30 £410 +6.15% 18
Midlands +79 17 £356 -5.00% 44
East of England +72 17 £400 -5.88% 17
North of England +48 17 £350 - 55
West Midlands +75 9 £363 -3.33% 25
North West +39 9 £408 +16.43% 37
East Midlands +41 8 £350 -6.67% 19
Yorkshire +47 6 £321 -8.21% 14
North East +34 2 £350 -5.08% 4
Entity Framework
UK

For the 6 months to 5 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Entity Framework also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Entity Framework.

1 194 (97.98%) .NET
2 192 (96.97%) .NET Framework
3 189 (95.45%) C#
4 115 (58.08%) SQL Server
5 110 (55.56%) SQL
6 107 (54.04%) Agile Software Development
7 101 (51.01%) Azure
8 95 (47.98%) ASP.NET
9 91 (45.96%) JavaScript
10 87 (43.94%) MVC
11 72 (36.36%) Microsoft
11 72 (36.36%) DevOps
12 69 (34.85%) AngularJS
13 68 (34.34%) .NET Core
14 62 (31.31%) ASP.NET Web API
15 59 (29.80%) Git (software)
16 55 (27.78%) HTML
17 50 (25.25%) REST
18 43 (21.72%) ASP.NET MVC
18 43 (21.72%) TDD
19 42 (21.21%) Scrum
20 41 (20.71%) T-SQL
20 41 (20.71%) CSS
21 40 (20.20%) jQuery
22 39 (19.70%) Web Services
23 37 (18.69%) Windows
23 37 (18.69%) Unit Testing
23 37 (18.69%) Team Foundation Server
24 36 (18.18%) React
25 33 (16.67%) Finance

Entity Framework
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (12.63%) IIS
1 25 (12.63%) SharePoint
2 22 (11.11%) NServiceBus
3 11 (5.56%) Elasticsearch
4 10 (5.05%) CMS
5 7 (3.54%) EPiServer
6 2 (1.01%) Confluence
6 2 (1.01%) Umbraco
7 1 (0.51%) Apache
7 1 (0.51%) Apache Spark
7 1 (0.51%) Mule
7 1 (0.51%) Mule ESB
7 1 (0.51%) nginx
7 1 (0.51%) OpenWhisk
7 1 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 1 (0.51%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 7 (3.54%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 9 (4.55%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 101 (51.01%) Azure
2 17 (8.59%) AWS
3 12 (6.06%) Power Platform
4 9 (4.55%) Serverless
5 8 (4.04%) Office 365
6 7 (3.54%) Azure Active Directory
6 7 (3.54%) Azure Functions
6 7 (3.54%) SaaS
7 6 (3.03%) PaaS
8 4 (2.02%) Cloud Computing
8 4 (2.02%) NuGet
9 3 (1.52%) GitHub
9 3 (1.52%) Logic Apps
9 3 (1.52%) PowerApps
10 2 (1.01%) Slack
11 1 (0.51%) AWS CloudFormation
11 1 (0.51%) AWS Lambda
11 1 (0.51%) Dynamics 365
11 1 (0.51%) GCP
11 1 (0.51%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 6 (3.03%) HTTP
2 5 (2.53%) Internet
3 1 (0.51%) DNS
3 1 (0.51%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 115 (58.08%) SQL Server
2 15 (7.58%) NoSQL
3 14 (7.07%) SQL Server 2008
4 12 (6.06%) Cosmos DB
5 11 (5.56%) MongoDB
6 9 (4.55%) Relational Database
6 9 (4.55%) SQL Server 2019
6 9 (4.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 8 (4.04%) Big Data
8 7 (3.54%) Azure SQL Database
8 7 (3.54%) PostgreSQL
9 6 (3.03%) Apache Cassandra
9 6 (3.03%) Data Lake
9 6 (3.03%) Power BI
9 6 (3.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 5 (2.53%) Redis
11 4 (2.02%) DB2
12 3 (1.52%) Microsoft Analysis Services
12 3 (1.52%) Parquet
12 3 (1.52%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 59 (29.80%) Git (software)
2 37 (18.69%) Team Foundation Server
3 31 (15.66%) Visual Studio
4 26 (13.13%) SpecFlow
5 22 (11.11%) TeamCity
6 21 (10.61%) Selenium
7 10 (5.05%) NUnit
8 9 (4.55%) Octopus Deploy
9 7 (3.54%) JIRA
9 7 (3.54%) webpack
10 6 (3.03%) Bitbucket
10 6 (3.03%) Jenkins
10 6 (3.03%) Visual Studio Team System
11 5 (2.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 3 (1.52%) Visual Studio Code
13 2 (1.01%) Gradle
13 2 (1.01%) Maven
13 2 (1.01%) Moq
13 2 (1.01%) MSTest
13 2 (1.01%) Sourcetree
General
1 33 (16.67%) Finance
2 17 (8.59%) Front Office
3 14 (7.07%) Banking
4 9 (4.55%) Back Office
5 8 (4.04%) Public Sector
6 6 (3.03%) Law
7 3 (1.52%) Financial Institution
8 2 (1.01%) Electronics
8 2 (1.01%) Games
8 2 (1.01%) Legal
8 2 (1.01%) Manufacturing
8 2 (1.01%) Marketing
8 2 (1.01%) Private Banking
8 2 (1.01%) Retail
8 2 (1.01%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.51%) Corporate Banking
9 1 (0.51%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.51%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 183 (92.42%) Developer
2 137 (69.19%) .NET Developer
3 67 (33.84%) C# Developer
4 49 (24.75%) C# .NET Developer
5 25 (12.63%) SQL Developer
6 23 (11.62%) Full Stack Developer
7 21 (10.61%) JavaScript Developer
8 20 (10.10%) Software Developer
9 15 (7.58%) Senior Developer
10 14 (7.07%) C# Developer - Electronic Trading
10 14 (7.07%) Electronic Trading Developer
10 14 (7.07%) Senior .NET Developer
11 12 (6.06%) Angular Developer
12 10 (5.05%) Azure Developer
12 10 (5.05%) HTML Developer
13 8 (4.04%) C# Software Developer
13 8 (4.04%) DevOps Developer
14 7 (3.54%) Backend Developer
14 7 (3.54%) SharePoint Developer
14 7 (3.54%) SQL Server Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 194 (97.98%) .NET
2 192 (96.97%) .NET Framework
3 95 (47.98%) ASP.NET
4 69 (34.85%) AngularJS
5 68 (34.34%) .NET Core
6 62 (31.31%) ASP.NET Web API
7 55 (27.78%) HTML
8 50 (25.25%) REST
9 43 (21.72%) ASP.NET MVC
10 41 (20.71%) CSS
11 40 (20.20%) jQuery
12 39 (19.70%) Web Services
13 36 (18.18%) React
14 30 (15.15%) WCF
15 28 (14.14%) LINQ
15 28 (14.14%) NHibernate
16 26 (13.13%) SOAP
16 26 (13.13%) WPF
17 22 (11.11%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 21 (10.61%) Dapper ORM
Miscellaneous
1 21 (10.61%) Analytical Skills
2 13 (6.57%) Greenfield Project
3 12 (6.06%) Fixed Income
4 7 (3.54%) Data Structures
5 4 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
5 4 (2.02%) Self-Motivation
5 4 (2.02%) Spread Betting
6 3 (1.52%) User Experience
7 2 (1.01%) Client/Server
7 2 (1.01%) N-Tier
7 2 (1.01%) Virtual Team
8 1 (0.51%) CESG
8 1 (0.51%) Digital TV
8 1 (0.51%) e-Learning
8 1 (0.51%) Enterprise Cloud
8 1 (0.51%) Mobile App
8 1 (0.51%) NHS
8 1 (0.51%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 37 (18.69%) Windows
2 17 (8.59%) Windows Server
3 2 (1.01%) Android
3 2 (1.01%) Apple iOS
3 2 (1.01%) Linux
4 1 (0.51%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 107 (54.04%) Agile Software Development
2 87 (43.94%) MVC
3 72 (36.36%) DevOps
4 43 (21.72%) TDD
5 42 (21.21%) Scrum
6 37 (18.69%) Unit Testing
7 31 (15.66%) Microservices
8 28 (14.14%) OOP
8 28 (14.14%) Web Development
9 25 (12.63%) Continuous Integration
9 25 (12.63%) SOLID
10 24 (12.12%) OO
11 22 (11.11%) Continuous Improvement
12 18 (9.09%) Pair Programming
13 16 (8.08%) BDD
13 16 (8.08%) Test Automation
14 15 (7.58%) Dependency Injection
14 15 (7.58%) Front End Development
14 15 (7.58%) MVVM
15 14 (7.07%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 189 (95.45%) C#
2 110 (55.56%) SQL
3 91 (45.96%) JavaScript
4 41 (20.71%) T-SQL
5 32 (16.16%) TypeScript
6 25 (12.63%) PowerShell
7 11 (5.56%) XAML
8 6 (3.03%) PL/SQL
9 5 (2.53%) VB
10 4 (2.02%) C
10 4 (2.02%) ES6
11 3 (1.52%) R
12 2 (1.01%) Java
12 2 (1.01%) VB6
12 2 (1.01%) XPath
13 1 (0.51%) C++
13 1 (0.51%) Objective-C
13 1 (0.51%) PHP
13 1 (0.51%) Python
13 1 (0.51%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 29 (14.65%) SC Cleared
1 29 (14.65%) Security Cleared
2 14 (7.07%) Degree
3 7 (3.54%) Computer Science Degree
4 6 (3.03%) MCAD
4 6 (3.03%) MCITP
4 6 (3.03%) MCPD
4 6 (3.03%) Microsoft Certification
5 3 (1.52%) DV Cleared
5 3 (1.52%) Master's Degree
5 3 (1.52%) PhD
6 1 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.51%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.51%) MCP
6 1 (0.51%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (5.56%) QA
2 4 (2.02%) MiFID
3 2 (1.01%) EMIR
System Software
1 19 (9.60%) Docker
2 2 (1.01%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.51%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 17 (8.59%) Kubernetes
2 6 (3.03%) Terraform
3 2 (1.01%) MIIS
3 2 (1.01%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.51%) Ansible
Vendors
1 72 (36.36%) Microsoft
2 24 (12.12%) Oracle
3 13 (6.57%) Xamarin
4 3 (1.52%) Databricks
4 3 (1.52%) Google
5 2 (1.01%) Atlassian
5 2 (1.01%) DevExpress
5 2 (1.01%) IBM
5 2 (1.01%) SAP
5 2 (1.01%) Telerik
6 1 (0.51%) Nintex
6 1 (0.51%) Twitter