Period
to 24 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Entity Framework skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Entity Framework over the 6 months to 24 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microsoft ADO.NET Entity Framework
UK > England
6 months to
24 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 296 351 350
Rank change year-on-year +55 -1 -4
Contract jobs citing Entity Framework 810 613 695
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.87% 0.68% 0.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.45% 2.10% 2.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 654 482 511
England median daily rate £404 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.67% +7.14% -
10th Percentile £305 £300 £280
90th Percentile £554 £531 £500
UK median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 10 11
England median hourly rate £43.00 £41.88 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.69% +74.48% -54.00%
10th Percentile £25.35 £24.63 £22.00
90th Percentile £47.35 £57.50 £42.50
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £41.25 £24.00
% change year-on-year +4.24% +71.88% -54.00%

Entity Framework is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,078 29,136 30,042
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.50% 32.55% 30.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,556 20,397 21,137
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 318 366 357
England median hourly rate £42.13 £40.00 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.31% +9.59% -1.35%
10th Percentile £15.25 £17.88 £13.50
90th Percentile £59.13 £53.75 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £41.77 £40.00 £36.25
% change year-on-year +4.41% +10.34% -2.13%

Entity Framework
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Entity Framework as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Entity Framework in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework in England over the 6 months to 24 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework in England over the 6 months to 24 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework within the England region over the 6 months to 24 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +25 282 £475 +1.06% 103
South East +59 217 £424 +21.07% 99
North of England +45 163 £365 +4.29% 119
Yorkshire +31 82 £363 +5.38% 56
North West +12 76 £370 -1.33% 55
Midlands -19 71 £375 +16.28% 55
South West -24 52 £385 +10.00% 42
West Midlands -10 46 £375 +15.38% 30
East Midlands -6 25 £394 +23.05% 25
East of England -13 23 £358 +4.00% 35
North East -11 5 £450 +44.00% 8
Entity Framework
UK

For the 6 months to 24 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Entity Framework also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Entity Framework.

1 770 (95.06%) .NET
2 758 (93.58%) .NET Framework
3 747 (92.22%) C#
4 473 (58.40%) SQL Server
5 464 (57.28%) MVC
6 446 (55.06%) Agile Software Development
7 435 (53.70%) SQL
8 426 (52.59%) ASP.NET
9 423 (52.22%) JavaScript
10 379 (46.79%) ASP.NET Web API
11 333 (41.11%) AngularJS
12 282 (34.81%) HTML
13 258 (31.85%) CSS
14 245 (30.25%) TDD
15 240 (29.63%) ASP.NET MVC
16 225 (27.78%) Microsoft Azure
17 198 (24.44%) jQuery
18 189 (23.33%) Microsoft
19 179 (22.10%) .NET Core
20 173 (21.36%) Scrum
21 170 (20.99%) Visual Studio
22 158 (19.51%) Web Services
23 155 (19.14%) Git (software)
24 136 (16.79%) WCF
25 128 (15.80%) Unit Testing
26 122 (15.06%) Team Foundation Server
27 119 (14.69%) Problem-Solving
28 118 (14.57%) Finance
29 116 (14.32%) Continuous Integration
30 108 (13.33%) LINQ

Entity Framework
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (6.17%) IIS
2 47 (5.80%) CMS
3 26 (3.21%) Sitecore CMS
4 23 (2.84%) SharePoint
5 17 (2.10%) NServiceBus
6 12 (1.48%) Umbraco
7 10 (1.23%) Elasticsearch
8 7 (0.86%) Confluence
9 4 (0.49%) EPiServer
10 3 (0.37%) Oracle Workflow
11 2 (0.25%) BizTalk Server
11 2 (0.25%) SharePoint 2013
12 1 (0.12%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 7 (0.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 6 (0.74%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.49%) SDL Web 8
3 3 (0.37%) Endur
3 3 (0.37%) thinkFolio
4 2 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 225 (27.78%) Microsoft Azure
2 46 (5.68%) Amazon AWS
3 23 (2.84%) Serverless
4 16 (1.98%) npm
5 14 (1.73%) NuGet
6 9 (1.11%) AWS Lambda
7 8 (0.99%) Azure Functions
8 7 (0.86%) PaaS
9 6 (0.74%) Google Cloud Platform
10 5 (0.62%) Amazon EC2
10 5 (0.62%) SaaS
11 4 (0.49%) IaaS
11 4 (0.49%) Office 365
12 3 (0.37%) Google Play
13 2 (0.25%) Cloud Computing
14 1 (0.12%) Dynamics 365
14 1 (0.12%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 32 (3.95%) HTTP
2 13 (1.60%) Internet
3 12 (1.48%) SMTP
4 10 (1.23%) DNS
4 10 (1.23%) IMAP
5 4 (0.49%) SMS
6 2 (0.25%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.25%) Intranet
7 1 (0.12%) Kerberos
7 1 (0.12%) MQTT
7 1 (0.12%) Network Security
7 1 (0.12%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 473 (58.40%) SQL Server
2 68 (8.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 66 (8.15%) Relational Database
4 53 (6.54%) NoSQL
5 45 (5.56%) SQL Server 2008
6 43 (5.31%) Redis
6 43 (5.31%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 36 (4.44%) SQL Server 2012
8 25 (3.09%) DB2
9 17 (2.10%) Azure SQL Database
9 17 (2.10%) Data Warehouse
10 15 (1.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 11 (1.36%) PostgreSQL
12 10 (1.23%) MongoDB
13 9 (1.11%) SQL Server 2016
14 8 (0.99%) Cosmos DB
14 8 (0.99%) MySQL
14 8 (0.99%) SQL Server 2014
15 7 (0.86%) Data Lake
15 7 (0.86%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 170 (20.99%) Visual Studio
2 155 (19.14%) Git (software)
3 122 (15.06%) Team Foundation Server
4 75 (9.26%) TeamCity
5 51 (6.30%) Visual Studio Team System
6 47 (5.80%) NUnit
6 47 (5.80%) Selenium
7 39 (4.81%) SpecFlow
8 35 (4.32%) Octopus Deploy
9 30 (3.70%) JIRA
10 27 (3.33%) Moq
11 25 (3.09%) Jenkins
12 20 (2.47%) Subversion
13 18 (2.22%) MSTest
14 16 (1.98%) Jasmine
15 14 (1.73%) XMLUnit
16 12 (1.48%) xUnit.net
17 11 (1.36%) webpack
18 9 (1.11%) InstallShield
19 8 (0.99%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 118 (14.57%) Finance
2 34 (4.20%) Retail
3 25 (3.09%) Banking
4 22 (2.72%) Front Office
5 13 (1.60%) Law
5 13 (1.60%) Legal
6 12 (1.48%) Advertising
7 9 (1.11%) Back Office
7 9 (1.11%) Marketing
8 8 (0.99%) Automotive
9 6 (0.74%) Investment Banking
9 6 (0.74%) Manufacturing
9 6 (0.74%) Telecoms
10 5 (0.62%) Music Industry
11 4 (0.49%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.37%) French Language
13 2 (0.25%) Billing
13 2 (0.25%) Multimedia
13 2 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
14 1 (0.12%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 751 (92.72%) Developer
2 522 (64.44%) .NET Developer
3 310 (38.27%) C# Developer
4 204 (25.19%) C# .NET Developer
5 121 (14.94%) Full Stack Developer
6 103 (12.72%) ASP.NET Developer
7 87 (10.74%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
8 84 (10.37%) Angular Developer
8 84 (10.37%) SQL Developer
9 78 (9.63%) C# ASP.NET Developer
10 76 (9.38%) Senior Developer
11 62 (7.65%) Senior .NET Developer
12 38 (4.69%) JavaScript Developer
12 38 (4.69%) Lead Developer
13 31 (3.83%) Software Developer
14 29 (3.58%) Azure Developer
15 26 (3.21%) Agile Developer
16 25 (3.09%) Agile .NET Developer
17 23 (2.84%) SQL Server Developer
18 21 (2.59%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 770 (95.06%) .NET
2 758 (93.58%) .NET Framework
3 426 (52.59%) ASP.NET
4 379 (46.79%) ASP.NET Web API
5 333 (41.11%) AngularJS
6 282 (34.81%) HTML
7 258 (31.85%) CSS
8 240 (29.63%) ASP.NET MVC
9 198 (24.44%) jQuery
10 179 (22.10%) .NET Core
11 158 (19.51%) Web Services
12 136 (16.79%) WCF
13 108 (13.33%) LINQ
14 106 (13.09%) XML
15 89 (10.99%) RESTful
16 83 (10.25%) HTML5
17 81 (10.00%) REST
18 80 (9.88%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 68 (8.40%) ASP.NET Core
20 66 (8.15%) React
Miscellaneous
1 67 (8.27%) Greenfield Project
2 49 (6.05%) Analytical Skills
3 35 (4.32%) Fintech
4 34 (4.20%) Enterprise Software
5 28 (3.46%) Fixed Income
6 27 (3.33%) Self-Motivation
7 18 (2.22%) Computer Science
7 18 (2.22%) User Experience
8 12 (1.48%) Hedge funds
9 10 (1.23%) Mobile App
9 10 (1.23%) W3C
10 9 (1.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 8 (0.99%) Algorithms
11 8 (0.99%) Equities
11 8 (0.99%) N-Tier
12 7 (0.86%) Reinsurance
13 6 (0.74%) Data Structures
14 4 (0.49%) Hybrid Cloud
15 3 (0.37%) Animation
15 3 (0.37%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 74 (9.14%) Windows
2 22 (2.72%) Windows Server
3 11 (1.36%) Android
3 11 (1.36%) Apple iOS
4 4 (0.49%) Windows Server 2012
5 2 (0.25%) Linux
6 1 (0.12%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 464 (57.28%) MVC
2 446 (55.06%) Agile Software Development
3 245 (30.25%) TDD
4 173 (21.36%) Scrum
5 128 (15.80%) Unit Testing
6 119 (14.69%) Problem-Solving
7 116 (14.32%) Continuous Integration
8 97 (11.98%) Test Automation
9 85 (10.49%) E-Commerce
10 81 (10.00%) BDD
10 81 (10.00%) SOLID
11 80 (9.88%) OO
12 72 (8.89%) Microservices
12 72 (8.89%) SDLC
13 66 (8.15%) Web Development
14 59 (7.28%) Software Engineering
15 56 (6.91%) Dependency Injection
15 56 (6.91%) SOA
16 48 (5.93%) Business Intelligence
17 47 (5.80%) API Development
Programming Languages
1 747 (92.22%) C#
2 435 (53.70%) SQL
3 423 (52.22%) JavaScript
4 97 (11.98%) T-SQL
5 83 (10.25%) TypeScript
6 22 (2.72%) VB.NET
7 14 (1.73%) PowerShell
8 13 (1.60%) Java
9 12 (1.48%) PL/SQL
10 11 (1.36%) C
11 6 (0.74%) Apple Swift
11 6 (0.74%) Objective-C
11 6 (0.74%) Python
12 5 (0.62%) Scala
13 4 (0.49%) C++
13 4 (0.49%) F#
13 4 (0.49%) VB
13 4 (0.49%) VBA
14 3 (0.37%) PHP
14 3 (0.37%) XAML
Qualifications
1 35 (4.32%) Degree
2 18 (2.22%) Security Cleared
3 15 (1.85%) SC Cleared
4 6 (0.74%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (0.62%) Microsoft Certification
6 3 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.25%) CTC Cleared
7 2 (0.25%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.25%) HND
7 2 (0.25%) MCTS
7 2 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.12%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (2.22%) QA
2 7 (0.86%) SLA
3 4 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.37%) GDPR
5 1 (0.12%) PMO
5 1 (0.12%) WCAG
System Software
1 65 (8.02%) Docker
2 7 (0.86%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.25%) Hyper-V
3 2 (0.25%) Microsoft App-V
3 2 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
4 1 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 24 (2.96%) Kubernetes
2 12 (1.48%) Ansible
3 4 (0.49%) Opscode Chef
3 4 (0.49%) Puppet
4 2 (0.25%) SCCM
4 2 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
4 2 (0.25%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 189 (23.33%) Microsoft
2 87 (10.74%) Oracle
3 28 (3.46%) Sitecore
4 25 (3.09%) Teradata
5 9 (1.11%) Google
6 7 (0.86%) Atlassian
6 7 (0.86%) Sybase
6 7 (0.86%) Xamarin
7 6 (0.74%) Telerik
7 6 (0.74%) VMware
8 4 (0.49%) Cadence
9 3 (0.37%) Bloomberg
9 3 (0.37%) DevExpress
9 3 (0.37%) iManage
9 3 (0.37%) Infragistics
9 3 (0.37%) Intapp
10 2 (0.25%) BT
10 2 (0.25%) Facebook
10 2 (0.25%) OpenLink
10 2 (0.25%) Salesforce.com