Period
to 22 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Entity Framework skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Entity Framework over the 6 months to 22 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microsoft ADO.NET Entity Framework
UK > England
6 months to
22 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 368 319 349
Rank change year-on-year -49 +30 +21
Contract jobs citing Entity Framework 537 762 630
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.66% 0.82% 0.71%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.06% 2.33% 2.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 412 629 491
England median daily rate £425 £395 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.59% +5.33% +7.14%
10th Percentile £319 £305 £291
90th Percentile £538 £539 £531
UK median daily rate £425 £395 £375
% change year-on-year +7.59% +5.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 5 9
England median hourly rate £42.00 £43.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.33% +1.18% +77.08%
10th Percentile £28.68 £39.40 £25.60
90th Percentile £44.00 £44.20 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £43.00 £41.88
% change year-on-year -2.33% +2.69% +74.48%

Entity Framework is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 26,065 32,676 28,822
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.81% 35.05% 32.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,321 23,277 19,992
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £344 £325 £310
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 271 331 371
England median hourly rate £45.00 £41.53 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.36% +3.83% +6.67%
10th Percentile £18.50 £16.25 £16.00
90th Percentile £61.33 £57.50 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £41.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.02% +3.75% +8.84%

Entity Framework
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Entity Framework as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Entity Framework in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework in England over the 6 months to 22 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework in England over the 6 months to 22 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Entity Framework in England

Entity Framework
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework within the England region over the 6 months to 22 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +11 224 £475 - 77
South East -28 121 £400 -3.03% 90
North of England -27 84 £350 - 80
North West +9 54 £350 -4.11% 43
South West -33 46 £388 +3.33% 38
Midlands -1 34 £375 - 55
East Midlands +31 27 £381 +1.67% 29
Yorkshire -19 26 £350 - 34
East of England +24 25 £425 +16.44% 33
West Midlands -3 7 £375 +3.45% 25
North East +20 4 £369 -13.24% 3
Entity Framework
UK

For the 6 months to 22 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Entity Framework also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Entity Framework.

1 525 (97.77%) .NET
2 512 (95.34%) C#
3 499 (92.92%) .NET Framework
4 335 (62.38%) MVC
5 333 (62.01%) SQL Server
6 322 (59.96%) ASP.NET
7 303 (56.42%) JavaScript
8 285 (53.07%) Agile Software Development
9 272 (50.65%) ASP.NET Web API
10 268 (49.91%) AngularJS
11 242 (45.07%) SQL
12 237 (44.13%) CSS
12 237 (44.13%) Azure
13 234 (43.58%) HTML
14 183 (34.08%) .NET Core
15 180 (33.52%) TDD
16 168 (31.28%) ASP.NET MVC
17 125 (23.28%) Visual Studio
18 120 (22.35%) jQuery
19 109 (20.30%) HTML5
20 108 (20.11%) DevOps
21 105 (19.55%) Scrum
22 99 (18.44%) Finance
23 98 (18.25%) Microsoft
23 98 (18.25%) Microservices
23 98 (18.25%) SOLID
24 95 (17.69%) Git (software)
25 93 (17.32%) REST
26 89 (16.57%) Web Services
27 83 (15.46%) TypeScript

Entity Framework
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (5.21%) IIS
2 26 (4.84%) SharePoint
3 16 (2.98%) Umbraco
4 12 (2.23%) CMS
5 9 (1.68%) Confluence
6 8 (1.49%) NServiceBus
7 6 (1.12%) BizTalk Server
8 4 (0.74%) Elasticsearch
8 4 (0.74%) EPiServer
9 2 (0.37%) Skype for Business
10 1 (0.19%) NetWeaver
10 1 (0.19%) OpenROAD
10 1 (0.19%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 6 (1.12%) Photoshop
2 4 (0.74%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.19%) Adobe XD
4 1 (0.19%) Fireworks
4 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 7 (1.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.56%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.19%) Cognos Business Intelligence
Cloud Services
1 237 (44.13%) Azure
2 41 (7.64%) AWS
3 30 (5.59%) Azure Active Directory
4 28 (5.21%) PaaS
5 21 (3.91%) Serverless
6 18 (3.35%) SaaS
7 15 (2.79%) Azure Functions
8 12 (2.23%) npm
9 10 (1.86%) Power Platform
10 8 (1.49%) Dynamics 365
11 7 (1.30%) AWS Lambda
11 7 (1.30%) Office 365
12 6 (1.12%) GitHub
13 5 (0.93%) Microsoft Flow
14 4 (0.74%) GCP
14 4 (0.74%) IaaS
15 3 (0.56%) AWS CloudFormation
15 3 (0.56%) OneDrive
16 2 (0.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 2 (0.37%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 4 (0.74%) Intranet
2 2 (0.37%) Skype
2 2 (0.37%) Wireless
3 1 (0.19%) DNS
3 1 (0.19%) Firewall
3 1 (0.19%) FTP
3 1 (0.19%) Internet
3 1 (0.19%) SMTP
3 1 (0.19%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 333 (62.01%) SQL Server
2 34 (6.33%) SQL Server 2008
3 31 (5.77%) Azure SQL Database
3 31 (5.77%) NoSQL
4 30 (5.59%) SQL Server 2016
5 23 (4.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 21 (3.91%) Relational Database
7 14 (2.61%) Cosmos DB
7 14 (2.61%) Data Warehouse
8 11 (2.05%) MongoDB
8 11 (2.05%) SQL Server 2012
8 11 (2.05%) SQL Server 2014
9 10 (1.86%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 8 (1.49%) Power BI
11 7 (1.30%) MySQL
12 6 (1.12%) Data Lake
12 6 (1.12%) Redis
13 5 (0.93%) Amazon Aurora
14 4 (0.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 3 (0.56%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 125 (23.28%) Visual Studio
2 95 (17.69%) Git (software)
3 59 (10.99%) Team Foundation Server
4 48 (8.94%) NUnit
5 37 (6.89%) Jenkins
6 32 (5.96%) Bitbucket
7 30 (5.59%) JIRA
8 25 (4.66%) Visual Studio Team System
9 23 (4.28%) Jasmine
10 22 (4.10%) TeamCity
11 21 (3.91%) Karma Test Runner
11 21 (3.91%) Moq
12 15 (2.79%) MSBuild
12 15 (2.79%) Octopus Deploy
13 12 (2.23%) Selenium
14 7 (1.30%) SpecFlow
14 7 (1.30%) StyleCop
14 7 (1.30%) webpack
15 6 (1.12%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 6 (1.12%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 99 (18.44%) Finance
2 25 (4.66%) Retail
3 16 (2.98%) Legal
4 15 (2.79%) Law
5 14 (2.61%) Banking
6 9 (1.68%) Marketing
7 6 (1.12%) Advertising
7 6 (1.12%) Public Sector
7 6 (1.12%) Telecoms
8 5 (0.93%) Investment Banking
8 5 (0.93%) Pharmaceutical
9 4 (0.74%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.56%) Front Office
11 2 (0.37%) Publishing
12 1 (0.19%) Automotive
12 1 (0.19%) Electronics
12 1 (0.19%) Financial Institution
12 1 (0.19%) Games
12 1 (0.19%) Italian Language
12 1 (0.19%) Police
Job Titles
1 488 (90.88%) Developer
2 302 (56.24%) .NET Developer
3 179 (33.33%) C# Developer
4 123 (22.91%) C# .NET Developer
5 85 (15.83%) Full Stack Developer
6 55 (10.24%) Senior Developer
7 54 (10.06%) Angular Developer
8 42 (7.82%) ASP.NET Developer
9 39 (7.26%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
10 38 (7.08%) Senior .NET Developer
11 37 (6.89%) C# ASP.NET Developer
12 34 (6.33%) Software Developer
13 28 (5.21%) SQL Developer
14 26 (4.84%) Web Developer
15 23 (4.28%) JavaScript Developer
16 21 (3.91%) Azure Developer
17 20 (3.72%) Senior C# Developer
18 19 (3.54%) React Developer
19 18 (3.35%) .NET Web Developer
20 13 (2.42%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 525 (97.77%) .NET
2 499 (92.92%) .NET Framework
3 322 (59.96%) ASP.NET
4 272 (50.65%) ASP.NET Web API
5 268 (49.91%) AngularJS
6 237 (44.13%) CSS
7 234 (43.58%) HTML
8 183 (34.08%) .NET Core
9 168 (31.28%) ASP.NET MVC
10 120 (22.35%) jQuery
11 109 (20.30%) HTML5
12 93 (17.32%) REST
13 89 (16.57%) Web Services
14 80 (14.90%) LINQ
15 77 (14.34%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 76 (14.15%) WCF
17 74 (13.78%) CSS3
18 70 (13.04%) JSON
19 69 (12.85%) RESTful
20 66 (12.29%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 30 (5.59%) Enterprise Software
2 26 (4.84%) Analytical Skills
2 26 (4.84%) Greenfield Project
3 16 (2.98%) Mobile App
4 10 (1.86%) User Experience
5 7 (1.30%) Algorithms
6 5 (0.93%) RIA
7 4 (0.74%) Self-Motivation
8 3 (0.56%) Hedge funds
8 3 (0.56%) iPad
8 3 (0.56%) Management Information System
8 3 (0.56%) Smart Meter
9 2 (0.37%) Data Protection Act
9 2 (0.37%) Hybrid Cloud
9 2 (0.37%) NHS
10 1 (0.19%) Blog
10 1 (0.19%) Graphic Design
10 1 (0.19%) Robotics
10 1 (0.19%) Spread Betting
10 1 (0.19%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 33 (6.15%) Windows
2 11 (2.05%) Android
3 10 (1.86%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.19%) Linux
4 1 (0.19%) Unix
4 1 (0.19%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 335 (62.38%) MVC
2 285 (53.07%) Agile Software Development
3 180 (33.52%) TDD
4 108 (20.11%) DevOps
5 105 (19.55%) Scrum
6 98 (18.25%) Microservices
6 98 (18.25%) SOLID
7 66 (12.29%) BDD
7 66 (12.29%) Unit Testing
8 61 (11.36%) SOA
9 57 (10.61%) Continuous Integration
10 46 (8.57%) Test Automation
11 42 (7.82%) Web Development
12 37 (6.89%) Problem-Solving
13 36 (6.70%) Dependency Injection
14 30 (5.59%) Web Application Development
15 27 (5.03%) Workflow
16 25 (4.66%) Kanban
17 24 (4.47%) OO
17 24 (4.47%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 512 (95.34%) C#
2 303 (56.42%) JavaScript
3 242 (45.07%) SQL
4 83 (15.46%) TypeScript
5 52 (9.68%) T-SQL
6 28 (5.21%) PowerShell
7 7 (1.30%) VB.NET
8 5 (0.93%) Java
9 4 (0.74%) VB
9 4 (0.74%) VB6
10 3 (0.56%) C
10 3 (0.56%) ES6
10 3 (0.56%) VBA
11 2 (0.37%) C++
12 1 (0.19%) ANSI SQL
12 1 (0.19%) ES7
12 1 (0.19%) Python
12 1 (0.19%) Ruby
12 1 (0.19%) XAML
12 1 (0.19%) XPath
Qualifications
1 21 (3.91%) Security Cleared
2 20 (3.72%) Degree
3 15 (2.79%) Computer Science Degree
4 14 (2.61%) SC Cleared
5 2 (0.37%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (1.86%) QA
2 3 (0.56%) GDPR
2 3 (0.56%) GxP
3 2 (0.37%) IFRS
3 2 (0.37%) SLA
4 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.19%) PMO
System Software
1 59 (10.99%) Docker
2 29 (5.40%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 44 (8.19%) Kubernetes
2 9 (1.68%) Single Sign-On
3 6 (1.12%) MIIS
3 6 (1.12%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (0.37%) Ansible
4 2 (0.37%) Puppet
4 2 (0.37%) Terraform
5 1 (0.19%) Kibana
5 1 (0.19%) logstash
5 1 (0.19%) Rancher
Vendors
1 98 (18.25%) Microsoft
2 30 (5.59%) Oracle
3 26 (4.84%) Xamarin
4 6 (1.12%) Atlassian
5 5 (0.93%) Google
5 5 (0.93%) Telerik
6 3 (0.56%) BMC
6 3 (0.56%) Cognos
6 3 (0.56%) Remedy
6 3 (0.56%) ServiceNow
7 2 (0.37%) SAP
7 2 (0.37%) Sitecore
7 2 (0.37%) Twitter
8 1 (0.19%) Adobe
8 1 (0.19%) Apple
8 1 (0.19%) Facebook
8 1 (0.19%) GoCardless
8 1 (0.19%) New Relic
8 1 (0.19%) Xerox